35 Burst results for "syphilis"
Anti-Racist Science Education
"All right today in the show. We're unsmiling what's not working in science education around representation and racism and how to teach science in a more inclusive way and idea from listener and scientists esther kunle yes so thanks to esther. We went looking for k. Through twelve teachers teaching at the intersection of science and racial justice at all grade levels. And i want to start with. Let me see a fears. She's a post doctoral fellow in the collaborative for stem education. And outreach vanderbilt okay. She's a black scientist. Helping out in science classrooms in tennessee. Among fifth graders at this one particular school she is a total rockstar to walk into a classroom. And they'll be like dr. Yeah it's me. It's me everyone you know know autographs thing. We lit up each others world. Our saying that let me see a drops into fifth seventh and eighth. Grade science classrooms like a real life. Miss frizzle okay. I'm not kidding. You she wheels the cart between classes clattering with beakers and different very interesting looking chemicals and students. They're so intrigued. They run up to her on our like number my wife just all that stuff and then when she's in the classroom let me see a doesn't just help them run experiments. She'll also delve into the ethics of designing an experiment. Okay she'll talk about how wrong. The tuskegee study was which is win. Scientists studied syphilis in black men and withheld treatment. Sushi's like introducing bioethics to kids as important part of the curriculum. Yup scientists are presented as very human herself included and her students can totally handle these conversations. We see what's happening with this generation with them protests. And they're speaking out and they're not having it they're not gonna they're not going to allow us to continue to destroy her and her point is that if science teachers can tap into that compassion and that curiosity and show the way that scientists have messed up. Kids might take up an interest in science. I love it and if we can't do that then we are gonna lose on. And i think it's hard were minority kids. They already don't see themselves as the teacher or the prisoners doing the science so that already kind of puts up a block of well. That's just what the old white main with crazy hairdo and so another thing. Let me see a does is named drop scientists of color as often as possible. She'll talk about astrophysicist. Did eisler medical physicist hadean ecole green astronauts. Joseph akaba and jeanette epps. She designed paper rocket lesson around them and this helps kids develop a mental picture of a career in stem beyond a doctor or a dentist. This is so cool because it's not just about teaching science history right. It's also helping. Students see themselves as scientists and for gretchen craig. Turner the next teacher. I want to introduce you to this. Level of engagement becomes even more important as students get older and start to get into their teenage years and develop their own opinions their own opinions about science. Yeah to be critical of it. Oh yeah that was not in my k. through twelve science education hers either. I don't remember a lot of writing or Opinions being part of science in fact it was very much i believe taught. The opinions didn't belong in science right that it was supposed to be a
Dating with Herpes: Disclosure, Stigma & Healing
"Welcome back courtney. How're you doing doing almost like guilty. Well despite how things going for a lot of people at this point right now There is a lot of overwhelm on my end in a positive way so Just this past week was two weeks ago While something positive positive people now is a nonprofit organization in a met with my board about me paying myself salary in being able to partner working to raise more money so that we can extend the services that we provide which were providing mental health related services for people who have experienced sexual trauma. That's what i want to eventually be able to say but right now for where we are. I'm basically paying for people to get their if he if they needed so Where we are right now. I got that approved in now. I mean conversations with some sexual health related organizations about partnering with them on their grant applications in getting funding. So things suddenly got very real for me. That that's great. Congratulations congrats on some needed support because with a herpes diagnosis. Oftentimes your medical practitioner will focus on the physical side but not necessarily the mental health side. And one of the things that i've learned throughout just doing this work and recording the podcasts and all of the different conversations. I've had with people not only with hiv but also have hiv or who've experienced a media gonorrhea. Syphilis diagnosis is that there is a direct connection between sexual health and mental health. And i think that that intersection is really wear stigma resides and until that gets addressed from that perspective. Like i think there's an over emphasis on the fact that someone has. Sei being Just like oh. This is sex related when it's also so mental related and then that part is completely goes unnoticed. Oftentimes like winds. Someone's being given a diagnosis well. Let's back up just a moment For folks who haven't listened to your podcast yet. But i know they will i. Can you tell us your story and why you started something positive for positive people. I will keep this as brief as possible. Because it's such a long story but The most important things that i've been positive for general. Hse to which is the virus that causes herpes outbreaks. For about eight years. Now and for the first four to five years of my diagnosis. I just kind of was doing things away that i knew to do them with. Just take care of abidi manage my stress And just keeping my immune system of his best i could. It was year four. Five into my diagnosis that i began to come across different communities of people. With herbie's in this is a in various social platforms as well as dating websites. And once. i got there. Like i was excited to be there because there were so many other people who were living with this when i get your diagnosis despite what the statistics say you're the only person you know who has virus unless someone has opened up to you pass or less than one opens up to you recently. After your experience you know for many of us were the only person that we know. And so i got into these communities in start socializing. I'm dating in. Life is great for me. But here and there i would find it. There was someone who expressed wanting to end their live after their diagnosis. So suicide idea even suicide attempts and after seeing that a few times it wasn't just like a one off thing was pretty calm and so i began to reach out to these people go. Hey you know it's not that bad and this is probably the worst thing you can say to someone who is having suicide at the asian. So what i started to do was a lot of these. People didn't look like means they didn't have my life experiences so to speak. So for instance like me saying that to a younger white woman or an older hispanic man or someone of a different ethnicity or age range or geographical location didn't really carry the same way as it would from someone may have looked like them or had like similar cultural background so i began just recording conversations with people that perhaps we otherwise wouldn't hear from These are people who are okay with their diagnosis. There's good days and bad days due to the stigma but these people who would probably never hear from about their experience were willing to just converse with me on a recorded platform for me to send to these people directly after a while To give you an idea like there's so many people that this was happening for that. I got overwhelmed with just sending emails and butchering the email address. Having the recent making sure they got it in all of that. So i decided to put all of these recordings up into one place which turned into something positive for positive people podcast platform
Large Numbers Of Health Care And Frontline Workers Are Refusing Covid-19 Vaccine
"Large numbers of health care and frontline workers are refusing the covert 19 vaccines. We saw Ohio Governor Mike DeWine Couple days ago say that he estimated that approximately 60% of nursing home staff statewide had declined These vaccines at this point for one reason or another doctor. Joseph Varun, who's the chief of critical care at Houston's United Memorial Medical Center, the biggest hospital in the Houston area, told NPR in December that more than half of the nurses in his unit informed him they would not get the vaccine. And to me and and again. I know that I'm on the outside looking in on this. I don't dictate policy. I don't have all the details and everything. But I will get this and I say, great. You don't want to get it. Keep the line moving. Let's go down the list and whoever is next on the list, get them in, Get the shots in the arms and let's get things moving. That's kind of where I stand. That was my takeaway, too. When I read this this morning first, a bit of Ah, stunt. I was a bit stunned by this. I just didn't anticipate that we would see these heavy of percentages of people. Resistant to the idea of getting a vaccine 55% of New York firefighters I believe were mentioned as well. That would not want to get the vaccine to me. That is. I just can't get over that why people would not want to go out there and get the vaccine. But then my takeaway was. Hey, this is America. It's a free country if you want to do that. Good luck to you and signed me up for a move my grandmother up, whatever Whatever The case may be, you know the couple ideas or thoughts that I hear mentioned out there in terms of reasoning for why someone would not want to get the vaccine. Lack of transparency and no faith in the government were sort of the things that I heard tossed around there. Certainly the issue of minorities and just being abused by the health care system. Historically, they reference the the What was That, uh, that tight stg CD, Um, syphilis study, which I read up on this morning, which was just absolutely terrifying if you revisit that, But those were some of the ideas out there any other that I'm missing, Chuck. I think those were the big ones. And you know, I've got a number of people. I know that you know, doctors or nurses or, you know, work in the hospital system, And it's not necessarily that all of the people that are saying no right now or a permanent. No, like they've talked to a number of people are saying, Look, I just don't want it right now. I want to see a little bit more time, which What if that's what you want to do? That's fine, but I guess what I come back to is if we go through all of the doctors, nurses and people in the health care system and you know a bunch of people say no. We're not waiting around for them to say yes. Get the needles to the next people. You know, my my parents are in their seventies. They're ready to go. Great. Line them up. Put rifles in their arms. Right, Let's let's get things moving here. You know, it's it can't be. Hey, we need to wait for everyone in this group. No. If they say they don't want it great. Bump him outta line, move the next person up and get the needles
Black Doctors Use Social Media To Share Accurate Information About COVID-19 Vaccine
"The American public is hesitant to get a covert 19 vex. That number goes up to a third of Black Americans, according to the Kaiser Family Foundation poll last month. Hesitancy is rooted in real mistreatment and fanned by myths and misinformation, as NPR's Ping Wang reports some black doctors or finding creative ways to encourage vaccine acceptance. Well, very few vaccine safety problems have been reported. A lot of rumors are still floating online doctor Krista Marie Coleman has been tackling Cove admits on Tic Tac. She's the family physician in Orlando, and she describes one of the recent short video she made to counter misinformation. So yeah, so with the video I I'm using a trending song that people can relate to and as we can here with the song, it says, no, That's not true. So I say the covert vaccine will make you infertile, and I say that's not true. She posted the top second video in early December, and it's been viewed more than half a million times. And then I do a dance at the end, which people can relate to as well. A recent study published in the annals of Internal Medicine, like that public Health Message is geared at communities of color. Learn. It showed that black Americans are more receptive to information. If it comes from black doctors like Coleman. For some people, it means a lot when it comes from someone who looks like them. When it comes from someone who speaks like them. But only 5% of physicians in the U. S are black. Robert Drummond is another black doctor that's turned to social media to share accurate information. More broadly, he's an urgent care physician in Los Angeles, and in a recent Instagram live chat, he noted another big reason why people are wary of covert vaccines. With TV actor Dondre Whitfield's first Let me start by acknowledging the mistrust and acknowledging and understanding that there actually is a very real basis for that mistrust Well, said this deep distrust because that to the history of medical experimentation on slaves. It also goes back to the mid 19 hundreds when black men were deliberately not treated for syphilis. So researchers could see what would happen and it comes up to the present day. Just last week, a black doctor named Susan Moore died from covert 19 after alleging poor treatment at the hospital. When she asked for more pain medication, she said her white doctor made her feel like a drug addict. In the Instagram chat. Drummond pointed to a survey a couple years ago showing that a lot of doctors still wrongly believe that African Americans have a higher tolerance for pain. Everything from the top. We have thicker skin than two. We have a reduced we haven't heightened pain threshold so we don't need as much medication. This thing This is not from 19 hundreds. This is right in the 19 sixties. This is from the lake to thousands right now. As a black man, his part of the medical establishment, Drummond says his job is not to tell people to get vaccines. And said he wants to help people make their own informed decisions. But not everyone lives online. Alison Matthews, a sociologist at Wake Forest University, is researching how to increase trust in covert vaccines. In addition to the Internet, we've used conference wines as well, Azaz Mailed stuff out to people. You have to meet people where they are, in whatever level of communication is the most convenient for them. Matthew says that beyond black doctors, there are other community leaders that are trusted for advice. She works with black church leaders and sororities and civil rights groups. To generating trust in the health system is not a new challenge in the black community, says Dr Lisa Cooper, who directs the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Equity. Even before Cove, it 19 came up. A lot of the work that I did to try to address disparities in health care was focused on Having African Americans and people who are traditionally not given the sense of power and control in their healthcare play a more active role. For Cooper. The challenge is not just about overcoming vaccine hesitancy. It's for the medical community to learn how to build real trust. Ping
Pfizer COVID-19 vaccines arrive in Los Angeles
"Cherry Gwai. Oh, so, yeah, the first doses of a covert vaccine of finally arrived in Los Angeles, and there's been a lot of talk about who should get them first. And, of course, the fear that some people have of getting vaccinated at all. One of the folks who has been helping to make the rules for vaccine distribution is Dr Oliver Brooks, He's co chair of California's vaccine drafting guidelines Work group, and he's also the chief medical officer over Watts. Health care, Dr Brooks. Nice to have you back on. Good to be back in here with you to the first shipments of vaccines will be given to front line health care workers. It's already happened. Other health care workers are next in line, but but from what we just heard, even some health care workers air wring their hands and saying, Well, maybe I'll wait a bit to see if it's safe. I mean, Do you have workers at Watts, who were hesitant to get vaccinated? I'd say that I've had conversations with people everywhere. Health care workers and not that do have some hesitation. Yes, Health care workers are human, just like everyone else. Those those human patients who are hesitant about the vaccine. We know there are a lot of folks who are we just heard numbers from one poll that found only just about a third of Latinos trust the vaccine to be safe and only 14% of black Americans that that's a national poll. But those numbers Must give you pause. What do you telling patients to try to overcome? That kind of Ah, I mean, my gosh. What a barrier That is. Well, the approach that I take, which has been studied in his A reasonable approach is first and foremost acknowledge their concerns. Don't just blow them off and say, what do you What do you doing? You know it's the vaccine is safe, effective need to get it. Have to understand where people are coming from. There is a mistrust of the medical community in the African American community. There, it's there's some grounds for that. I mean, Slaves were experimented upon. They were sold for experimentation and to turn of the 20th century, there was sterilization of African American women. There is the infamous Tuskegee study where 600 black men were allowed to have syphilis progress to see what the complications were. So I mean, it's not like this is coming from nowhere. However, I have not known any first of all this. What else I'll tell them. I've known no bias. Or concern, as relates to experimentation issue with any vaccine. The second thing I do is I give them knowledge, so I will tell you this. It is an emotional psychological response that they're having and not One that can be solved by numbers and data. So it's important. But you still need to have him and then a circle back and say so, you know, have I addressed everything you're concerned about? That works. Some don't work for everyone, but it does work. Have you been vaccinated yet? Yourself? No, it hasn't come to my clinic yet. But I will be first in line assuming that's not considered selfish. S O I I am eager and willing. I do not want Cove in 19. So another thing I do tell people it's the vaccine truly is safe and effective. It's been scrutinized. So have the window. We heard a vaccine so well scrutinized in the public eye, so there has been clear
Want To Dismantle Racism In Science? Start In The Classroom
"All right today in the show were unscrewing what's not working in science education around representation and racism, and how to teach science in a more inclusive way and idea from listener and scientists Esther Kunle yes. Thanks to Esther we went looking for K., through twelve teachers teaching at the intersection, of Science, and racial justice at all grade levels I want to start with. Let me see fears. She's a post doctoral fellow in the collaborative for stem education and outreach at Vanderbilt. Okay. She's a black scientist. Out in science classrooms Tennessee in among fifth graders. At this one particular school, she is a total rockstar. So walk into a classroom and they'll be like. Yeah it's me. It's me everyone autographs today. We lit up each others world. Our say, let me see a drops into fifth seventh and eighth grade. Science classrooms like a real life. Miss Frizzle I'm not kidding you. She wheels the cart between classes clattering with beakers and different very interesting looking chemicals and students. They're so intrigued they run up to our like remind wife we've. Just all that stuff and then when she's in the classroom, let me see a doesn't just help them run experiments. She'll also delve into the ethics of designing an experiment. Okay. She'll talk about how wrong the Tuskegee study was, which is winning scientists studied syphilis in black men and withheld treatment Sushi's like introducing bioethics to kids as important part of the curriculum. Yup. Scientists are presented as very human herself included and her students can totally handle these conversations. We see what's happening with this generation with them protest and they're speaking out on, they're not having it. They're not. They're not going to allow us to continue to destroy their and our point is that if science teachers can tap into that compassion and That curiosity and show the way that scientists have messed up. Kids might take an interest in science I love, and if we can't do that, then we are GonNa lose them and I think it's hard for minority kids. They already don't see themselves as the teacher or the Christmas doing the science. So that already unemployed simple block of well, that's just what the old white man with the crazy hairdo. and. So another thing let me see Ya does is namedrop scientists of color as often as possible. She'll talk about a physicist did Eisler medical physicists had he and Ecole, green astronauts, Joseph Akaba, and genetic APPs. She designed a paper rocket lesson around them and this helps kids develop a mental picture of a career in stem beyond a doctor or a dentist. This is so cool because it's not just about teaching science history, right? It's also helping students see themselves as scientists and for Gretchen Craig. Turner. The next teacher I, want to introduce you to. This level of engagement becomes even more important students get older and start to you know get into their teenage years and develop their own opinions their own opinions about science. Yeah. You know to be critical of it. Oh. Yeah. That was not in my k. through twelve science education hers either I don't remember a lot of writing or opinions being a part of science. In fact, it was very much I believe taught the opinions didn't belong in science right that it was supposed to be a right answer Gretchen teaches. At Burlington Edison High. School. In Washington state she is white and her classroom to be as inclusive as possible and to reflect the diversity of the student body and in her first year of teaching a biotech class. This was back in two thousand, ten in English teacher gave her a copy of the book. The immortal life of Henrietta lacks was like you should teach the steer students. Yeah. So the history of the Hilo Cell Line Yep. So Henrietta, lacks cancer cells were used for years by scientists without her family's knowledge cells that. One. Of the most important cell lines in medical research, her case raises so many questions about patients, rights. Yep questions raised in this book. So Gretchen got a bunch of hardcover books for her class and we read it and. It shaped how I teach in tremendous ways because the students responded to it. So strongly, you know they were excited maybe not at first I still get a lot of Turner. This isn't an English class, right but but they got into it. So into it, it is a six week unit the book in a Science Class. STUDENTS DO SELL labs while they're reading and they journal to. Okay so they're jotting down notes on different themes like medical apartheid informed consent lab science, and at the end they write a big paper and also oftentimes in class, there will be students who who's own families have experienced medical apartheid in the. Effects of that and I think some of the students and see themselves in the story of the lacks family. The conversations become really personal and probing not. You know necessarily what you'd expect in science class but exactly what Gretchen is hoping for well I, think what you know many young people ultimately want from their teachers is to be seen into be heard. And so if the science curriculum. if they feel seen and heard through that curriculum, they're more invested. So when her students learn about genetic testing, Gretchen includes a film about the innocence project and they're a group that uses DNA testing to exonerate those who've been wrongfully imprisoned. And Gretchen has her students, write poetry and songs as kind of oaths to those wrongfully convicted my blood, my skin, my hair, all held the key to my freedom DNA. My eyes glazed over desperate for relief with a pain. I now understood my hand reaches for I. Don't Know How often you're around teenagers. But the. Teenagers of this just tremendous sense of justice and what is right you know, and so those conversations are often very passionate for students But it's also the world that they live in. Wow I mean kwong, there's so many things in here. That are so powerful in and I know there's a lot of science teacher who listened to shortwave who might want to incorporate racial justice in history into their teaching too I mean, where do they look well Gretchen and let me see a- had the same advice which is at teachers should fill in the gaps in their own racial understanding I learn about the history of science or their field, and that's exactly what the last teacher I spoke with is doing. Vigia satiety is a college professor at University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and looking critically at her own field statistics has been hard painful work. You know I honestly I just feel like I'm I missed something that was really important to learn about my discipline and I'm I'm a little bit mad at myself for not being curious on my own to figure out the origins of things and she has been startled to realize the full extent to which modern statistics draws upon the work of you. Genesis Francis Colton Karl Pearson Ronald Fisher. Some of the most foundational tools and stem like the normal distribution curve were applied to support their racist and eugenicist theories tools that we. Use today, but we don't really stop to think about the people who created them and why they created them. So the is trying to stop to teach yourself where these came from, but to not rush the process with some slapdash curriculum, she wants to incorporate these historical into her classes with care I want to give it the space deserves and of course, and not not to feel like this awkward add on that people can optionally engage in in a way that centers the students Vigie like all the teachers I spoke with designs, her classes by asking herself who's being left behind with this material, and how can I bring them along? That's what can be gained from. And anti-racist science education I think all of us in our minds have been in or heard of course where the professor says look to the laugh looked the right. One of you won't be here at the end of this time or you know something horrible this should not ever be uttered in a classroom. I say look to your left to your right like I. Want you all to stay. I want you all the love my field as much as I. Love my field because there's so many interesting things you could do with it and we really could use your wonderful mind and our discipline. We could use your perspective and the things that you bring. So basically to change science, we have to change how we teach science. To fix the lab gotta fix the classroom.
Having the Last Word
"I am about to or I am going to die either expression is correct. These were the last words of seventeenth century, French, Jesuit, priest grammarian, and man after my own Heart Dominique Boehner. Narrowly, edged out by eighteenth century French Aristocrat who declared I see you have made three spelling mistakes. As. He read over his own death warrant. We assign a lot of significance to last words hoping that we'll leave some deep philosophical epitaph or something funny like what's this button do? But you may end up with last words like American author, Henry David Thoreau who simply said Moose. Indian. My Name's Moxy and this is your brain on facts. Many people think Irish playwright and poet Oscar Wilde's last words were either this wallpaper goes or I do. That would be typical wild but there are two small factual inaccuracies in this retelling. The actual quote is this wallpaper and I are a duel to the death either it goes or I do. And he said that a few weeks before he died. Oscar Wilde's actual last words were a mumbled prayer. He did also say toward the end of his life as he lay in bed sipping champagne I am dying beyond my means. With about a third of the world being Christian it's not surprising that God gets mentioned a fair amount. As the clock was winding down for one of the baddest. Of Golden Age Hollywood Cancer Stricken Joan Crawford her housekeeper began to pray aloud at her bedside. Crawford summoned her remaining strength and said, don't you dare ask God to help me. A priest was at the bedside of Francois Marie Oh, Rhett the philosopher firebrand known as will tear. The priest implored him to renounce the devil voltaire considered his advice but decided this is no time to be making new enemies. German romantic behind took a different view as he lay dying of tertiary syphilis. God will forgive me. He said that's his job. A quick tangent while the dead have been in our collective fears and folklore since the caveman days, our modern interpretation of Sambas is strongly influenced by the ravages syphilis. Its Body count his paltry when compared with things like the black death. But the five million people at killed in the Fifteenth Century alone definitely qualify for epidemic status. Syphilis comes in distinct stages. Primary Syphilis is characterized by painless sores on the genitals or mouth, which typically heal on their own. The second stage usually presents with a rash and fever. These resolve and the disease enters the latent stage which can last for years. You're not infectious in the latent stage, but the bacteria may still be damaging your heart bones, nerves, and brain. People would think they were no longer sick which was just as well since there was no cure anyway. Tertiary Syphilis the third stage. The skin may be covered by growths that break down into lesions that spread unchecked. The disease can away bone and caused tremendous pain. Sufferers could also experience numbness and difficulty with motor functions, vision problems leading to blindness and dementia. which combined left people shambling down cobblestone streets with their faces routing off. If you bumped into such a person under a ready gas lamp on a cold Monday night, you'd probably be willing to believe they were a corpse who had gotten elusive. It's grave. Will Save, the debate for the spread of syphilis whether it started in North America or Europe for another day. We have these last words because someone was there here in record them. Sadly, that wasn't the case with Albert. Einstein one of the greatest scientific minds in history. He was not alone in the room when he passed away but he understandably spoke his final words in his mother tongue and the nurse that was attending him didn't speak German. Perhaps his final wish was something along the lines of don't let anyone steal my brain and keep it in their desk for years. As, you can probably guess that is what happened but that is also a topic will cover on another show. Many people can feel the end is near and leave prophetic pronouncements behind. Reputed Future Sier and tabloid staple. nostradamus correctly forecast tomorrow when the sunrises, I shall no longer be here. Similarly. The Godfather of Soul James Brown said, I'm going away tonight. Less
Why does Donald Trump want to ban TikTok?
"For those who are blissfully unaware late last week, us? President Donald Trump announced that he would ban Tiktok and furthermore he said he would block Microsoft from taking over the APP which was apparently a deal that was in the works Then he's back flipped and given Microsoft, forty five days to complete the transaction and he's, but now he signed that the US Treasury should get a copy of the deal which seems weird in a country, which is terrified of socialism so like That's a basic recap, but there's so many little weird bonkers nuances to this Britain I actually bret benefit and I actually read about published on risky Biz in the Linke's quakes showing. But look, let's let's get the conversation going now and we'll start with you, alex, know they're probably some national security ramifications or concerns around APPs lactic TIKTOK. But why do we get the impression? That's not what's driving this whole thing? Well, you make it then. Prussian, because the president of the United States continues to change his justification of what he's doing is making a national data protection law up on the fly on twitter. and. So you know it's it's quite possible that watching what's going on that. You'd reasonably conclude that this isn't a well-considered change in policy, but perhaps part of the ongoing trade war and yell perhaps a mix of trump's anger at what would normally be protected speech against him on Tiktok and partially to distract from the fact that at the same day that he made that announcement, it was announced that the United States economy shrunk by nine percent in just one quarter. And so you know all those things together. Is really polluting this process now that being said I, think there are some interesting risks here in there is something we have to talk about about Chinese APPS and the data of Democracies sitting servers available to the PR. But if you're going to do that for my perspective Tiktok is probably not even the top five or top ten companies. I'd be concerned about there's a lot of Chinese companies that are much more critical inner city and much more important data than they are. This seems. To be completely driven by trump and not by some kind of process and either the White House or or the agencies were, there can rationally considering these things. Now look you and I, we have access to gripe bonds that most people don't actually have access to. A wonderful part of the job. I mean, my gripe tells me that this is not going through the usual processes. I mean the US investigation into Tiktok did start last year. Right? This is a legit sign. Lee Rooted investigation, but it's the escalation since like last week, that is just the just the mad pot, and as you say I mean why the hell out we talking about we chat and that's that's a curly a one to a strategy. I know that there are politicians here. Who Use we chat as a way to communicate with Chinese Australians, for example, right? So that whole thing is a can of worms and I think blocking chat in. A, lot of places around the world is going to be a real loser, right? So that's maybe one reason people don't WanNa. Touch it. But yeah, this is a very complicated. Nuanced issue that has just been. The whole thing strange. Isn't it? It is so syphilis. The law that we're talking about here is was really built to protect kind of the American industrial base around defense. Rightly, you have an important helicopter manufacturer and you don't WanNa get bought by Iran. That's what cities is for. It has never been used as a back door for data protection framework right here. In the United States, we do not have data protection framework. There is no law that says you cannot ship social security numbers of Americans to a Chinese company. Nothing prevents that in theory now, obviously, we have A. Rules that have been created through FTC decisions and such. But overall, we don't have a framework for deciding what is really important Pi and work in it set up, and so to create that out of whole cloth, using a stiffest interpretation is really probably the worst way to handle what is eight really really complicated problem, and like you said, there's other companies put away the top and I think for my perspective, we chat the top Vermont for me. Right is used by the entire chinese-speaking Gaspara. Anybody who has any in China uses it, and that includes people in Singapore people in Hong Kong people in Taiwan. So lots of these places where Chinese intelligence is really interesting. What's going? We chat has become. Part of People's daily lives, and unlike tiktok, it carries very sensitive data. Right? People run their companies. All we chat, they have their personal communications reach at the. They probably arrange affairs and do things that are very black maleable on we chat and there evidence from Citizen Lab, and some other folks who have done worth that demonstrate that you can kind of get side channel information out of we chat that demonstrates that they are watching and they are doing at least scanning of certain phrases, even communications that go. I. Mean I m point, I. think that's well known and well established that we chat is certainly used by the EPA to do surveillance, right? Like that is the reason. So successful in the reason that they can block other communications, funnel people through it, but this brings us to an important question. There are some concerns that say censorship on TIKTOK. For example, there was a case where they would deleting videos that referred to. Human Rights abuses occurring in Xinjiang in in China, right, and that turned into a into massive Khufu four. Good reason. Don't get me wrong Let's not pretend for a second, the PSE or a bunch of fluffy. Fluffy pandas. Okay. That is that is certainly not the case. But let's, be real. Trees names for them. But let's look. Let's be be real here. Right? Like the hottest security angle to this, right? It's it's. It's hard to make a case that it's. It's a terribly dangerous APP now when the United States blocked the sale of grinder. To to an offshore concern I, mean I think that was another Chinese company that wanted to buy that. Absolutely. Anyway, near when they wanted to buy a company that track Global Hotel reservations again, that it's type of information is incredibly valuable to US intelligence in two, thousand, six, the US government's blocked checkpoint, which is an Israeli from blind buying sauce fly because source for. Through. SNORT had deep in US government networks. The right in all of these situations where this has happened before you can point to a single reason and you can say this is why. Absent here,
Netflix is Hollywood
"Where are we? We are in Los Angeles. We're about to turn onto sunset. Boulevard Hollywood maybe in Hollywood. Okay, so we're. We're approaching. Hollywood hills. Really Tall Palm Trees. So should we explain why we're? We're driving through sunset radio. There's a bunch of billboards here, right? That's what we're. Getting at. Less Ronnie our producers, etc piled, a newborn, took a drive down Hollywood's main drag. It's a traffic jam packed with billboards promoting new TV shows and movies. I've been covering the business of media for a long time, so I served as tour guide for this trip, but Ronnie is a data reporter who mainly writes about tech companies. She doesn't typically pay a lot of attention to what's going on in Hollywood. Here, we have a a the crown net flicks up on the right. Have you watched any of the crown yet? I have not. On the left we have marriage story billboard. This is a Scarlett Johansson. I don't think I want to watch that. You may not be the right person for streaming roddy in a row. We got the Irishman. That's Scorsese's film and then DOLEMITE is my name. Reading that right. Alfie, these are both movies. They're both movies. You can see on Netflix Sega. Any of these this is this is a worthwhile trip for learning. What's on Netflix? You could just actually go to your browser. Are these like already outer. These are like I don't know. Someone like hermetically sealed raising. A drive down, sunset isn't just a chance for Ronnie to see what's coming on. TV, it's a way to watch Hollywood talking to itself, these billboards are messages which are very much directed at Hollywood except now. netflix's doing most of the talking. Stranger things net flix. The politician. Net flicks, one billboard tuna flexible work three Netflix. Netflix well years ago when Netflix was first getting into its own programming. Executive there told me that because they were tech company. They didn't have to do things that traditional media companies do like renting billboards, so it could show big-name talented netflix serious about Hollywood. That guy turns out was wrong. Netflix has decided loves billboards so much that it went out and bought some for itself, and now the company owns many of the signs on the Strip. This, you still look like before streaming. That's one of the main ideas we keep running across as we're working on the series, it's almost impossible to imagine what the world like before Netflix. Even though that time was just a few years ago. If you didn't know any better, you'd think. Netflix's has always been a huge part of Hollywood. Syphilis can be fatal to your baby free. Check that out not flick show. UNCLEAR UNCLEAR? Welcome the land of the giants. The NETFLIX's effect. I'm Peter Coffee. Today. We're talking about how NETFLIX's. Would outsider that no one took seriously took over the town and change the lives of the people in it. Are the CO founder and CEO of Net flicks. I'm going to conduct this interview netflix style. I'M GONNA. Have like five questions you're GonNa love and five thousand. You've never heard. Today. It's given it. NETFLIX's remade. The media. World to companies becomes so omnipresent in our lives that CEO Reed. Hastings even counts as a sort of celebrity. He's a big enough deal for a guest spot Stephen Colbert. You're like one of the big one of those big new media disruptors. Why did the entertainment industry need to be disrupted? Just for the fun of it. On this happened really quickly. We talked to Kim Masters veteran show business journalist at the Hollywood reporter who said that a decade ago Netflix's was an afterthought for big media companies newcomers from Silicon Valley or anywhere else did not strike fear in the hearts of moguls. There's a thing that happens in Hollywood. Which is the outsiders come in, and they think boy. There's a lot of stupid rules in Hollywood and people sure do dumb stuff, but we're going to be much smarter than these idiots, and then they get kilt. It turns out that Netflix was the exception to the rule. It didn't get killed at one. And NETFLIX's did it with Hollywood's help. You can trace all this back to two thousand eight, which is when Netflix's really broken into streaming by getting his hands on a bunch of blockbuster movies for a bargain, Ben, price, it had made a deal with stars premium cable channel. Let netflix's stream always rate movies from Sony and Disney so stars had created the service called Vong which nobody listening to this podcast is GonNa Remember, but there was a service before Netflix's. That was streaming. Streaming movies called. Longo Van Gogh was losing seventy million dollars a year. Rich Greenfield is an analyst with light shed partners. He's been following digital media closely for years, and in walks, Reed Hastings in Ted Sandoz and says hey will take that streaming content. You could sub-licensed to us and we'll pay you. Tens of millions of dollars Netflix's use it as the base to build their streaming service, versus what was historically just a DVD service. And the rest is they say is history.
Fizz Fizz, with Fantastic History of Food
"Dating back at least the seventeen hundreds people of Europe drank natural mineral water believed to cure of variety of illnesses like gallstones scurvy. Even bathing from these natural springs was seen as therapeutic. People literally went for the waters, though that freezes only hanging on its fingernails through the expression I'm not here for the water's usually set of someplace. You don't want to be like work. Many people tried to sell the water off site, but packaging and transportation at the time were prohibitively difficult and expensive, so they went with the next best thing. They'd manufacture their own water. Fine I'll make my own mineral water with blackjack and hookers. Most y'all are confused, but one person just snorted coffee through their nose. Mark my words. In seventeen sixty seven British chemist Joseph priestley tried carbonated water as you would beer by fermentation with yeast. The results were weak, but they worked in seventeen, seventy two. He published a paper entitled impregnating water with Fixed Air. priestley's apparatus, which featured a bladder between the generator and the absorption tank to regulate the flow of carbon dioxide was soon joined by a wide range of variants. However, it wasn't until seventeen eighty one that carbonated water could be produced on a large enough scale with the establishment of companies specializing in producing artificial mineral water. Others improved on Priestley's work, and while he did get respect from the scientific community, he didn't make anything for the invention that made possible a four hundred billion dollar a year industry. American, Inventor John Matthews designed a Soda Fountain that Could Produce Enough carbonated water for all his customers all day in eighteen, thirty, two, leading to the opening of the First Soda Fountain. In Their Heyday Soda Fountains were elaborately decorated places for rejuvenation more like a walk-through health retreat a snack counter and they were usually found in pharmacies. Pharmacists already used sweet tasting flavor syrups like lemon lime to mask the taste of bitter medicines like Quinine, an iron liquid medicine, being the standard form time rather than pills. At some sparkling water and you've got something new on your hands. Sas Parrilla for example was used to treat syphilis, supposedly and phosphoric acid and ingredient in most colas was thought to help with hypertension. The oldest major soft drink America Dr Pepper was created by Pharmacist Charles Alderson in eighteen, eighty, five and marketed as an energy, drink and brain tonic. Soda, the Effervescent News Hadn't medicine. We might be frustrated by. It takes a new medication to get to the market or top of mine a new vaccine, but it beats the old way of doing things at least from the consumer side from the manufacturer's side. The late nineteenth century, the era of the patent medicine was the best time to be alive. You could put anything you wanted in a bottle and call it medicine. You could still go around calling yourself doctor without having to prove it. Mix Up some tap water. Whatever's handy something bitter to make? It tastes like medicine, and then something sweet, so it's not too bitter, and of course if you can booze and hard drugs. Have Pretty printed with filigree and vague, sometimes contradictory claims and watch the money roll in. Behold the age of the patent medicine. Patent medicines are named after the letters patent probably letters patent since it was granted by the English crown. The first letters patent given to an inventor of a secret remedy was issued in the late seventeenth century. The patent granted the medicine maker a monopoly on his particular formula. The term patient medicine came to describe all prepackaged medicine sold over the counter without a doctor's prescription early English patent medicines sold like Jordan's in the colonies like dice Dr Bateman drops, whose original patent was granted by King George, the I in seventeen, twenty six, and was still available into the twentieth century. Not About to let the Brits make off with all the Lucre America began to cultivate their own patent medicines, an industry that boomed in the decades leading up to the civil war in the US very few patent medicines actually had a patent. You could get yourself a bottle. Love hosters celebrated stomach. Bidders Phero China John cleese Kella CEO. Bark and iron tonic reaches embrocations Emerson's Rheumatic Cure. Brooks's Barefoot Appointment SP Goff's magic oil, ligament or something just called salvation oil patent medicine actually played its own small part in the war. The government tax their sale along with the sales of matches, playing cards perfumes at L. to fund the war effort and repay military debt. Just like cigarettes today, patent medicines had to have a tax stamp on them for decades. Thirty years after the civil war, the government returned to Patent Medicine Taxation to fund the Spanish American war, which ran from eighteen, ninety eight to nineteen o two using a distinctive battleship stamp. The second half of the nineteenth century with the rapid growth of industrialization and populations in American cities was a high point for such hokum. Literacy was also improving with meant that they were more magazines and newspapers for patent medicine makers to advertise in and more people who could actually read the ads. There was also a pervasive and widespread distrust for medicine of the day. This was the era of heroic, medicine. Doctors went to extremes like bloodletting and purgatory gives to cure disease. We. Know now that making it already sick person poop their brains out or cutting them with a blade that you didn't know you needed to wash between. Patience is a bad idea, but back then it was no pun intended cutting edge stuff.
"Give us a tough place. Steve Button scones always mixed dough for scones with a knife. Cutting through the door as you. Mix Don't handle mixture much on yourself. Lighthouse scorned one hundred four bottles street. Glasgow Yep I'll buy that for pint. Scones need an incredibly light touch when you're baking them so you don't need to slow the rise. Yikes nice loose texture like when we go if he should feel like. This is not dough this is just just crumb and then the old same on them. So the idea of using the night cut through the butter is a is a good one. Oh I would suggest that an uber type is something like you know. Chilling you butter and then greeting it. So he can loss Lopez. It can be incorporated into actually tips to guess too. Am I gonNA gain peace when making pastry others zipped been full of Santa Elena to each one kind of flow result? A lovely shot cost a new sticking to or ruling been Mississippi Ross Eighty Booth Gardens Breaks Glasgow guys. I think this is play all geared of Sam Lena. It's disgusting and a member a skilled in our slot onto a plastic chair or it makes me sick and race Pittman. We're talking dry SEMOLINA. Yeah I know but even the thought of one. It's my St- disgusting I have to. I'm with you on that. Kony for the desert. There's there's something unpleasant upright glue p Gillette Instincts. Flavourless has bought the idea of using SEMOLINA. The dry stuff as as as a as to meet the the mixture drier and stop sticking brilliant. Were making 'em pizza dough which we do quite often and we'll put either will use a dual soy flour. This goes from Lena. Finally died in the works often ruling. I because that we you get a really nice crisp crust and stops the second to the work surface so I. I really fed again again and again pastry when making pastry. Instead of using the usual wooden rolling pin fell a glass bottle was cold water. You'll improve the texture. Mrs Elizabeth Elton. Eight to two MINCY cumbernauld. Mike Law School again. Guys do that. Well I I'm convinced without one because this is America solution looking for problems is of worked backwards from the science. If you like because you you should be cold. That's why we must while it. Pastry chefs use marble countertops and stuff. So really the coal to the buttressed melting. So you've got the lovely texture but I don't think the to make that much. I mean the OPEC filled up with hot water and use that identity theft. It is true okay and I understand that but I wouldn't necessarily actively do I wouldn't think while Chai that with a might tied assembly. Nothing you know. I mean anything at yes quite often. I'm actually pretty good at banking. Make Banana often banana testing. Oh Yeah Paulie okay at me again. Banana cream a sliced banana to the white. Even egg and beat until Steph. The banana disappears unusual a delicious substitute for whipped cream Seven lung on state Scott's gloss go ahead and banana now honestly signs disgust banana. Yeah no unknown. No by not. I mean I've quietly try in fairness issue to suit as like. I suspect that would be G- awful. No no thank you. I think we've discussed this before. A COP tells episode and it just makes me unwell Har- but there is a really good recipe. Lot of especially parents will know for banana ice cream. Which is just freeze been on. His chopped up and then put them in a blender food processor. Anything type thing. I JUST THAT MAKES ICE CREAM. Really really nice and it is good. I've never tried to Huge on of banana things to be honest flavor for sweet flavor are. What's my favorite pit? No if it's a flavored thing what's the best to some form of forest so your answer is all the fruits Titan yet. No end it saw. I would have to say okay lest bought a blueberry Strawberry Cherry Raspberry Fi Solace Kiwi passion who faisal otherwise known as syphilis. I would say I have to say we. Just listen my. You probably definitely seen them. They're they're pretty little things and the tomatoes into fruits and without very dramatic can keep around qualitative. Things you get them along cheesecakes. Yeah but it's a really nice tart flavor. Did you call me? I was asking you? What your favorite flavor was talks news and I answer to this Kony. Your favorite flavor raspy Raspberry Steve. Vanilla Vanilla boarding. Can I tell you story of Vanilla? No my mother-in-law has left up to me so roughly stuff two years now. When was that because she saw hotel? You edit no as because of familial we wouldn a restaurant once Elias. The waitress hopefully by screen to you. Hav and she said clean an I asked what flavor is the plane ice cream now. My mother-in-law thinks this is the most ridiculous thing anybody who said. I think that's good question. I was reasonable question when I was a kid. There was ice cream place near where we live and I used to love their original d-r-y mich made no flavoring 'cause the also vanilla which was flavored with Vanilla. And I like it was just just screaming gorgeous and good so I think that's not necessarily a ridiculous.
"syphilis" Discussed on Behind the Bastards
"That is introduced as badly as this podcast is and also talks about terrible people. I didn't know what else to say. Intro shouted syphilis loud enough to unsettle my neighbors. There used to be a lot of that. The only way you get that diagnosed. You can't have a diagnostic. Does it speaking volume? You get him out. Syphilis look this time of illness and disease so how better to express solidarity with everyone the shouting the word syphilis as loud as I came I think that is the only way we can really show that we care right now. We're.
Color-changing bandages detect and treat drug-resistant infections
"That was two seven vented a bandage which helps diagnose infections by changing color and they think that this could help curb antibiotic resistance is coming out of China call the bandage added senses when bacteria are present in the body and then it releases medication to kill in response researchers in China see the work of pave the way for rational use of antibiotics they normally antibiotics are given as preventive measures above the sink so here but you'll the is on mice and the bandage change from green to yellow one drug resistant bacteria were present and then I believe the bandage eventually turned read out a bit with some color changes I think I you know what I think I think it was drug sensitive factor I think have a typo here I think if it was drug sensitive actor turned yellow drug resistant actor turned right a little type a but that's okay I don't always tell the editors of there's a typo you maybe look stupid on air good articles so I'll give it to them now this bacteria resistance thing is why you guys Ravenel is I'm getting about you guys are mad and your fear yes with urgent cares in telemedicine and your doctor because you're not able to get the antibiotic like used to and well antibiotic resistance is one of the biggest threat to global health they say seven hundred thousand deaths worldwide every year records the World Health Organization is because you have a bacteria that we can't fight with an antibiotic so we have I don't know how many tens of thousands of people die and it's very frustrating as a doctor because we say okay you have a bacteria they will give me something you give them something and it doesn't work and you have to explain to them can't we can't I don't really have much else which is why I think we need to go to you know maybe you feel certain light therapy or certain other non antibiotic therapy stealth kill these Bucks so but that help early help find detects bacterial infections early might we're just guess work and might reduce the shock on approach that we've done with antibiotics you guys are having trouble getting antibiotics now urging Kerr's telemedicine things like that because if you have a cold that sounds like you have a cold we're we're not supposed to give an antibiotic the rules are getting tighter and tighter they allow still a little bit of wiggle room but you know for those of you that always got dizzy pack for bronchitis those days are over because Suzy needs the Z. Packers for Max for super gunnery so she was sizes in China say that bacterial infection has a unique micro environment of toxins enzymes in a PH level they get kind of a cynic so doctors now getting cool and colleagues at the Chinese academy of sciences developed the material which can assess this micro environment that these victory give off the researchers incorporated the material into bandages that tested them on the wounds of mice I don't the average band aid is the size of a mouse so my guess is a real little bit bad well given up and even though I think anyway the mice were infected with either a drug sensitive or drug resistant to be coli in the case of drug sensitivity collide the bad the change from green to yellow and released an antibiotic to kill the microbes one the drug resistant bacteria were present the bandage turn red after coming into contact with the enzyme specifically produced by the resistance my quips when the vector were detected the researchers expose a bandage to light because in the material to release the chemical you see we're starting to use light that we can the bacteria allowing them to be more susceptible to the medicine so you see what they're doing we could slap this bandaid on to figure out if you got the drug sensitive or the resistant client if it's the resisting content that we could maybe start some light therapy or whatever we have out there and treated early that we don't have common light therapy sort of treatments out there we don't really have that were working on it you know we're working on silver we used to use silver nitrate to treat civil war soldiers STDs calottery and syphilis so we used to use that but we don't really have silver Reno very easily you don't Tom studied for certain factor which we need to do but now we're not just shocking approaching a machine gun approaching your infection what we need to do is find a way to work use that and not waste antibiotics or time or allow other he had to grow because were mixed use another at about so researchers say that sense in a tree branch over to quickly could open for recovery souls curb the spread of antibiotic resistant microbes so this paper was an ACS interest lines offers no since the bacterial infections the monitoring drug was this is a very important for the selection of treatment options so it's it's cool you know we're we're making headway I don't know how expensive these bandages are going to be you know your kids all the I have a bandage on pick at it at school jump in the bath tub it'll be floating around I can't see how many times I find my kids use bandages around the house you know
Bias can have a large impact on health
"Twenty years ago official reports documented the many ways in which health is impacted did by our genes and our behaviors but also by external social determinants. Some of these like race economic factors and insurance coverage may seem obvious but other external social factors like transportation education housing and food security. Thirty also play an important role. This is Dr Michael Wilks. With a second opinion about twenty years ago official reports documented the many many ways in which health is impacted by our genes and our behaviors but also by external social determinants. Some of these. He's like race. Economic Factors and insurance coverage may seem obvious but other external social factors like transportation education education housing and food security also play an important role in how healthy we are. Bias is another factor that contributes to disparities in care but is often ignored particularly with regard to marginalized communities including racial minorities. LGBTQ he cute communities those who are beasts or disabled and many more since the report was written twenty years ago not much has changed with regarding differences in the health among marginalized groups obamacare certainly helped improve access and health equity for nearly fifteen and million people but disparities in life expectancy infant death rates. Malnutrition diabetes and many other markers just have not changed much. Some of these social issues are hard to change. But one factor that is not if given sufficient attention is implicit bias by healthcare workers. Implicit bias sees are those opinions and assumptions that we all have that affect our behaviors and beliefs toward others unconsciously and without our awareness. Even when you look at the highest highest income and highest education levels and you compare the health of blacks and whites blacks have worse outcomes in fact. Hi income educated. Black women have worse health outcomes than even poorly educated poor white women as I have mentioned in past reports. Blacks also get treated less aggressively for documented pain in our offer fewer treatment and options when they have a serious disease. Healthcare teams are composed of human beings who hold biases and prejudices. Joss lost like everybody else. In the general population but healthcare workers are unique in their positions of authority and control over our lives lives. Rudeness and mistreatment in the healthcare system is a common experience for blacks and Latino patients and are black and Latino medical students didn't and nursing students all have their own stories about staff and patients who regularly mistake them for people working in facilities food service or janitorial services. There is the distrust that grew out of historical racism such as the to Ski Gi experiments whereby by hundreds of black men were denied treatment for syphilis in order to observe what the CDC called the natural history of the disease so now a generation or two later how do people begin to trust the CDC and doctors who are the ones that enrolled enrolled them in ethically bankrupt studies so it turns out that some of these social determinants of health are nut so external but are actually usually internal to the healthcare system. Implicit bias is hidden subconscious and unintended to the offender but it is very real and very explicit to the offended. It is often easier to get food to a neighborhood or change our approach approach to say health insurance then it is to acknowledge and address our biases as an article in the Journal. Health Affairs recently pointed out. Attitudes can be changed but only when they are acknowledged an owned the process of making us all aware of our biases needs to be a part hard core education but there is no better place to start then in the healthcare system where people are vulnerable and dependent on
Pelosi not yet ready to transmit Trump's impeachment to the Senate
"For the past several weeks. There's been one burning question dominating this saga. When Will Nancy Pelosi? The speaker of the house transmit the articles of impeachment to the Senate and therefore launched the trial process in the Senate. While this morning Speaker Pelosi finally addressed at that point. Take a listen now in terms of impeachment. You'll keep asking me the same question. I keep giving you the same answer. As I said right from the start art we need to see that the arena in which we are sending our managers is that too much to ask of course addressing that point in an answering that question or two different things. A Pelosi later added that she's not holding onto the articles indefinitely and that she would probably transmit them soon soon. I've got to fantastic guests to help me make sense of all of this political gamesmanship in a few minutes will be talking with CNN. National Security and legal analysts. Susan Hennessy but I I'm joined by my colleague. CNN Politics Congressional reporter. Alex Rogers Alex. Welcome to the PODCAST. Thanks so much for me so it seems to me. After days. Days Days of stasis on this story we did learn in the last twenty four hours several things one as I just said speaker. Pelosi said she's likely to transmit these soon she's not going to hold onto them forever. To President. Trump actually asserted yet again today. He's opened. Witnesses named some witnesses. He's interested in of course. Course which are total non starters For the Democrats in terms of Adam Schiff or Joe Biden or hunter Biden or the whistle blower but is has said and he's going to really leave this to the Senate. We learned that Mitch McConnell the majority leader in the Senate went to the White House and briefed the president on what the contours of this trial is going to look like. So it sounds like the president has more information about Mitch. McConnell's vision of how this trial is going to play out then speaker. Pelosi does which is why she's still hanging onto the articles as we're recording this at least and Finally we've learned that there seems to be a strategic divide going on between the president and and his advisors and or some of his advisers and certainly the Senate majority leader Mitch McConnell in terms of whether or not he wants some very vociferous defenders from the House Republican Conference To join in defending his case in the Senate McConnell of course worried that Too partisan partisan of abroal may upset the apple cart with some of the moderate center. Republicans that they need to keep on board with the plan here so all of those. Those things have emerged in the last twenty four hours and yet Nancy Pelosi is still holding onto the articles of impeachment. What does that mean soon when you expect her to send these to the Senate or she said today today I'll send them over when I'm ready and we're still trying to figure out what leverage she has Senator Majority Leader Mitch? McConnell said yesterday that she has none he has the votes. It's a simple majority devote Democrats are hoping that there are four Republicans to join them. But now we've talked to Susan Collins. Lisa Murkowski Mitt Romney and all of them are on Mitch McConnell. Donald Seidel Miss. So we're wondering here. What Nancy Pelosi is looking for if there's any possible signal that she could get from The Republican leader. She says that she just wants to see the rules. Mitch McConnell says let's just go back to the nineteen ninety nine precedent under Clinton and. Just run with that now she. It seemed to me when she walked into a press conference. Today Should two main message point. She wanted to hit when it came to the issue of impeachment. One was. She's not buying this whole Mitch. McConnell nineteen ninety nine Clinton enroll. She thinks he's not portraying how those were set up namely the Clinton rules were devised in a bipartisan agreement. And I think there was one hundred hundred nothing vote supporting them. In the United States Senate That was hammered out with the blessing of the leaders. Trent Lott and Tom Daschle. Nothing like that is going on with McConnell when Schumer right now is Pelosi's point number one so she doesn't By his argument that this is playing by the Clinton rules. That was one thing she wanted to drive home but number two it seems she wanted to sort of list Her reasons that she thinks she's been victorious in this decision to hold onto the articles articles namely that it has put the issue of documentation and witnesses front and center in a way that if the articles had immediately gone over in December. Maybe they weren't. What do you make of that? I mean her point is that there's a number of witnesses who have not been Who have refused to testify and the Clinton Peterman process? All of those witnesses had already talked before that that evidence was already out there But the thing is that she right now is losing not only those moderate Republicans Republicans at your needs but also Democrats. There's a number of them who've said in the past couple of days that let's just let's just get this started senator. Dianne Feinstein said if we're going to do it she she she should send them over. I don't see what good delay does. She's later walk that back. Other Congressmen have also Adam Smith at today on CNN. Basically said let's transmit these articles goals that's during the Senate trial and then he later said I misspoke wait. I missed how Senator Feinstein walked back to her comments. What did she say? Because it's all those comments my eyes widen so I I missed the walk back. She said today that those comments are now being taken out of context okay. I don't know if that's a real walk back. They're not out of context are they. I don't know vow. The the thing though is what does holding the articles now do for the Democrats. Are they really going to be able to change the rules. Or they can get these witnesses upfront. No Mitch McConnell has the votes. And he's ready to go he's made that crystal clear what What do you make of this concern concern that? McConnell has apparently expressed that Having some very vocal House Republican conference members who were Lord Diehard trump supporters at all costs be part of his defense may upset the apple cart of sort of the Republican unanimity. That you just described that he's been able cobbled together. How is how big of a concern do you sense? Is this for McConnell. So we have some reporting from Sarah Westwood Phil Mattingly came out today. There's there's this struggle between some of president trump's allies who think that a legalistic argument by Patsy. Baloney the White House counsel so is Not going to be good enough. You need to win this. It's it's not only trial but it's somewhat theater have your most for syphilis. Allies Congressman Jim Jordan Congressman Mark Meadows. Some of these people who can articulate the president's argument in different style. Then you also have Senator Mitch McConnell's view. It appears where those those people are going to turn off exactly the Republicans that you need. You Need Susan Collins. Lisa Murkowski the people people in the middle so the president right now is receiving this conflicting advice. And we don't know yet. I don't think the decision has been made on who is going to defend the president and the trial yet. Yeah no we have not heard that decision we know that Pets Bologna and his team. The White House counsel on his team Have put together a plan and that there seems to be one but we don't yet know exactly who will be doing the defending of the president. And I think that the president who we know consume so much Fox News and sort of has this echo chamber constantly feedback loop in in. His mind doesn't always necessarily think the way McConnell does about Are we just doing a full on brawl with the Democrats here or is there work to be done with your own party here and McConnell's clearly trying to make the case Mr President don't lose sight. Yes you're going to be acquitted but you've got to still keep your party on board. I think right now if you just run the nineteen ninety nine Clinton trial rules you will see each side making their argument and then a couple of days of questions from the senators and then you vote whether to dismiss the whole thing right then there or then to also get into the witnesses that Democrats think will bolster their case my final question for you before we go to break you say that Democrats will boast of their case. What about the fact that Donald Trump is still out there saying he wants them? Witnesses I Mitch. McConnell sort of in a no witnesses camp. He doesn't necessarily want to see Joe Biden or Hunter Abidin or the whistle blower called. So there's a difference there too is they're not of course There are some Republicans who want to see honor Biden. They WANNA Have I think Senator Ron Johnson said this week the full gamut of witnesses. But you've also seen Senator Susan Collins who you know really the crucial senator here say a that it would be inappropriate inappropriate for president trump to say to China investigate on our Biden Susan Collins once witnesses But we we don't really think that means also hundred I think we've that means you know people with firsthand evidence other people who testified before the house. Yeah actual impertinent witnesses to this What these articles of impeachment are about and therefore pertinent to this trial? Alex let's take a pause and our conversation for the moment legal analysts Susan. Hennessy will join us right
Help I'm Surrounded By Naked Posh Boys
"I'm more deal deal your more dire yes in my all my God we we have a producer on his feet here he's just shelter power was shot so ben is back from his holiday on his own shut so foul of his CIA and yeah the good one that's one of the best ones shall we have already started a a needs to stop all this I don't Santita them Tom Yes please I had been kicking around for smells like just monitor that been that's an I think that's on the turn anyway two just depending on punching smells like a pro sandwich sandwiches so I think one right who we tasting today to tell us to bonfire night phone finite finite finite it's fine I mean I prefer it to Halloween Halloween is Halloween has celtic origins is predominantly the American T. fast whereas at least bonfire night is a bit of historical clout to it because of the boom fine this time of year is a young challenge the best isn't it CALC- phone plays it was very important test for my mother because the the local council have agreed to build four hundred and fifty houses in the fields opposite talk family house and everybody said Oh the bloody who oh I feel for the about every been knocking on every door around yours get petitions going on yes him over that with a white long gloves darling Washington Cold Sarah Good Sarah from thirty two and so Sarah from I love that that you think we live in a house that has a number oh well she cows go oh yeah just give out the address darling it's just Hanson manner I can and do the best Williams Darling and Saturday from hunts and monitor I'm so sorry to knock on your door like common but I've I've heard that building four hundred yes stalling four hundred and fifty houses across the field from US would you like to sign my petition and please Dahlan can have a stiff if one I need a drink it's only August ten right so let's move on j James Williams President listened to the podcast I'm sorry I'm jokin actually caught wait to meet you wound up meeting team and I can't believe I've known that you moment that what does that says a lot about our friendship you keep me hidden away I'm like a secret boyfriend audio moving even know about me so if you want to help with something you can take y you can send your towns of trepidation to help my don't come rude you you can send out I can't believe they do know view do they I've never met them I don't right now on the edges I just worry what you'll say yeah but don't let what you say on might yeah but don't forget like when when we do the podcast I play update wind you all the time like you really don't really are like this in fact this is a sanitized tossed as I went to tell you I went to a little bit longer than what Williams like where have you been sorry I dropped the kids off also and you'll say that to my parents because you'll think hilarious and that you see you find it funny Sara sorry I just dropped kids off in downstairs downstairs Lou they don't tell you about two piston not trump darling come to notice darling trump trump darling get your mother never drank it's ten o'clock in the morning darling I WanNa meet my they love you because you brought them to show I talked about y'all tax darling it's so nice to meet you Jordan tally me whereabouts in the country are you from darling okay how's your week pinch has been really good actually I've been back home back home that's nice he's just a really good time your parents have moved yeah like you know just check the handgun yeah got stuff to do okay okay good didn't you get recognized on the train when you come back up North Oh yeah is in a peculiar way I'm GonNa say well it would have to be peculiar recognized you yeah it was really because I also think with with radio presenters when you recognize radio presenters mean I would say probably two thirds of the people that listen to you don't know what you line thank because radio yeah you have to actually have gone onto the website or follows you on a social media platform to no you look like and that third is automatically clean wit so for us to be recognized you all being recognized generally by Weirdos some of us that do t television it's relevant feel like we've changed as a sous he's got on always talk about Al how great career anymore officer this anyway but yes you got nine right first of all it's very what you said and when people see me for the first time they say they expect me to look like Ashley from Konate History got from this England fat really skinny and Ginger it was really weird so on the train speaking this lovely go and when you say go what she was sixteen sorry a lovely lady called Hannah she was titled Lady She's Lady Offer Oh I if I was next to a woman on the pitching train who had a dog with a call the dog the dog was called Noman is he sir Norman Norman Norman the dog she's actually a lovely lady she really nice and we were just chatting away about less than our intelligence I was reading reading my book and she was ready Tonight Volk and she said Oh you're at just look after Norman I said yeah sure and I looked hope on this pogo she'd gone a shade of white she was Paler than you you want to talk she looked like a ghost and I've seen it goes before a gay ghost ghost like k. and she she was shade of uh-huh set your eyes feel really sick and she can't travel quits but it was really busy we facing backwards well why did she sit there because there's Nova seats it's available okay so I had I went to shop and bought a bottle of water and it got some very kind of you got some keep the receipt bloody two pound hound up those balls of war and and you know those paper bikes they wanted you to six six hundred pounds overdrawn all those paper bags that they put you yes in the shop so it's not that and she started being in sick no given the wall and I should be sick she was like Avon's watching and I was like your eye she turns me mouth went oh my God he's your baby Oh yeah that's me yes you do lou itself as I after you've been sake yeah but it's not the first time I've been recognized that waist really yeah just before on weird look weird just before started working on said radio station England then how can how can I explain why I know this story I think you're about to say I had to go for a routine checkup a routine gene check hope and this specialist right east straight out Younis is not much older than me and I got that will make you could smalto he could tell you a nervous fellow bill so I'm talking to him I don't like making the most awkward small talk about the weather about the cycling in all this kind of thing that he says right in its papillon occur and I'm gonNA give you a prostate exam I said yeah that's fine totally fine he said just get you down to your knees and putting as t- chest I am that Canadian behind in the global literally like a fulfilled in this league and he's finger we still talk about impeaching cycling in the weekend all would smalto opens boom shake soon as he sticks his finger up it goes I agent radio at the weekend I went the joke an air lock down that these days I capability he's having a full on chat with me about radio one career while he's fingering me ours so what does the girl on the train it's the BBC and if you do guys have any problems get yourself checked out I was at the doctors over the summer and everything was fine it was I remember I was there and I I thought I was being recognized derived checked in went to the to the Lou and came out in this young ish guy came up to me uh-huh and when excuse me you will and I only here we go properly poku snow like one of ours and puff chess down yes yeah you've been cold because how dare he can try my name did I tell tell you what else told about me when is it not rocket fan dot com with my face on the bag yes basically at a car was examined local the name on the side of the car and it was in the gym anatomy I'd phones in this gill short do you work for them off off the I'm sweating me now you've left you break because rolling down literally finish Mr Foe Watson yourself you all have you ever had prostate takes them not sufficiently speaking of doctors and is it ever okay 'cause I do this all the time and way moves is that what okay to rip the pages of my no is out without permission mission of the of the receptionist thing I always say stuff magazine's knitting patterns I'm starting to mood board Oh I'm buying a house in the New Year are oh you why have you and I'm I'm talking about this later I'm starting a mood board for like I did some some medical and my interior on a sofa magazines ripped out a written out really loud noise and everybody waiting room we're looking the council Christmas with that I was going what was was the page it really inspiring a cellphone off from DFS the fabric leather fabric it was my skin like scandi style right yeah this woman Game Eagles giving me looks like a lot well so we all thanks thanks Linda Balka so anyway how how's your week been it's all about me Joe Weeping yes fine I guess what I went and so for the fourteenth time we've just been told you don't need to keep this bit long so he's going to be guess what I saw for the fourth time Mary pissing poppins Yes yes I am I was having a very bad day last week and I wasn't planning to see it and I was in town and walk past the print side with hr and I walked into space you happen to have any Stacy's returns and they said no but come back in a few hours we might do so I did and and and they did they had one so I bought it it's cheap and not telling you so not any and it it was it was in the stools let's put it that way and that's you know the Labor bitch about the seat I mean there could but it was pretty good and I found myself sitting next to Mary poppins mother this was the mother of the actress playing Mary poppins when I saw it the week before on its opening I have noticed that Mary during two scenes drinks tea from a teacup and had been holding a teacup with little finger extended which we don't do is we Do because as I think I have explained on this podcast before can you remember it's because they used to do it in the fridge olden days what was it the Court of Louis Fourteen fifteen sixteen and it meant that you had the club if you get drunk you take a little pinky oh P- yeah it was a code for saying I've got the KLOPP up you've got the club yeah we can have into 'cause well yeah you it was not polite to sleep someone without letting them know that you had syphilis so you put your little finger out when drinking tea at court of an evening the other school of thought because that particular strain of syphilis was so strong at the time it made your joints stiffen up so you physically couldn't wrap your fingers round so either way gets it's syphilis related so I was having chat with easy Stalin's mother and during the interval and we were chatting about one or two things and she said Oh some of the costs went shore if they they should be saying mammal mom and I said Oh it's definitely Ma'am and she don't we do not get things rights and at that point I thought well here is my opportunity Yep so I said I just point point one other thing out could you pass this along I don't think we want to syphilis Mary and I think we probably want the little finger touch and I explained to her and she was she was made all the right noises so very interesting when I go and see it next week to see if that fingers touching how can you go and see a show so I honestly got gingy visit stress how obsessed this Mondays
"syphilis" Discussed on This Podcast Will Kill You
"Then been brought over or could have a lot of people of the pre Columbian hypothesis say well it could have happened in both places because it is pretty clear that syphilis skeletons in the new world it's pretty clear that syphilis was there okay and infecting people before Columbus and so they say well maybe yaws made the leap to syphilis in the new world and also made the leap to syphilis in the old world and it's kind of an interesting that seems highly unlikely but yeah anyway I feel like then you'd be more likely to see like two distinct forms of syphilis which I think we really see so interesting idea it's interesting and also as you mentioned this is called the great the great imitator and sew writings are sort of BIA gabby interpreted a lot of different ways there's a lot of retrospective diagnosing of famous people that is interesting it's like if you were miss if you were an artist or composer or a dictator you had syphilis for sure yeah which could it could be possible entirely but it's just sort of like ray the fact where the fact are there and I'm sorry this is jumping your gun are there any descriptions of it in other parts of the world like in Asia or Africa or anything like that not that I could find I didn't see anything that was super hey from this origins part of the story I WanNa talk of course about the etymology of syphilis and not really at scientific name but because I think that's less exciting trump and nema meaning attorney thread in Greek and power to meaning Pale Yup but the words syphilis where does it come from the name wasn't actually in heavy use for most of the history of the disease and most people opted to call it the blank disease pox the Blake disease the French disease this disease or great pox or pox or wild warts okay that's my favorite yet I mean I was like isn't that what we call it now yeah yeah works let's gotta be the Kandalama Lada because they're pretty wild but it wasn't until the end of the eighteenth century really that people started to use syphilis again syphilis is the main mm character of an epic poem and in this poem syphilis who is a shepherd gets upset when there is a bad drought that is killing the land and his sheep it's like an old Roman poem he blames the drought on the Sun God Likely Apollo or the Roman equivalent if there is one whatever and instead says he's going to worship the king whose sheep he herds the king is like but the Sun God is really annoyed and so he sends a venereal plague upon the countryside where syphilis lives simplicity's the first victim so yeah interesting interesting things civilised the shepherd also I don't remember if we talked about this and the gonorrhea episodes I'm just going to repeat it anyway but the origin of the term uh-huh venereal disease did we talk about that I don't remember it tell me again okay well it tells you a lot about the historical attitudes and even the day possibly attitudes of venereal disease which is no longer a term that we use because venereal comes from Venus goddess of love there was saying that a night with Venus leads to a lifetime on Mercury which brings me to my next couple points so a it reveals a lot about the blame and who who's often perceived to be the person responsible for transmitting syphilis or being the harbor of syphilis switches often a woman like a temptress or that sort of thing and then also mercury and let's just get into the treatment real quick of overlap some of these wild treatments so for a law Long Time Mercury was the chosen treatment for syphilis like even just a few years after that fourteen ninety five outbreak it was started I used and it was I guess maybe effective somewhat effective poisoned you tonight think so yeah I don't know exactly how how it worked or or if it truly was effective but people did use it up until the early twentieth century and even a little bit climate yeah and so basically they would rub it on themselves and this is what inspired the name of our quarantine by the way the killer cure because a lot of the cures that people took four syphilis would kill them so it was either syphilis would kill you or the cure would kill you right essentially murky news mercury poisoning is no small thing so other things like induced sweating and salvation were also treatments and you know I can't go yeah you said would rub mercury on themselves that's awful they would take it and other forms is also right not that better for you ingest it but I can't look it just sounds terrible that's really cool so then they also don't touch mercury do it are you also know I can't go this entire episode without describing at least one bizarre or horrifying cure and our favorite this is already a long episodes list too many but here's a great one quote if this is directly from this book read by the way call the history of syphilis quote if the penis is ulcerated an infected and then the author writes it is always the male sex for which the doctor feels pity the women being strictly confined to the role of contaminated who's schenker moreover is more difficult to discover and then continuing with the cure if the penis is also you must immediately wash it thoroughly with soft soap or apply it to a cock meaning rooster or pigeon plucked and flayed alive or else alive frog cut into what you know you're you're ulcerating serrated penis on a flayed bird or a frog that you've sliced in half that's just asking for a salmonella super infection on top of your syphilis is what you're asking for the killer cure this is I'm saying also what is up with people and plucking Cox and using them as curious didn't they do that for rabies to there was there was something along those lines that was like you have to remove I mean poor I feel terrible for these migrations yeah Here's another here's another one I'll just throw one more in there because we just your fun yeah to gain protection one must wash oneself after the act then over the glands with a piece of cloth which has masqueraded in preparation of wine shavings of GAIC I don't know what that is flakes of copy ver- precipitated Mercury Gentian Root Red Coral ash of ivory burnt Horn of deer the pre -tective must stay in place for four or five hours so this is how to prevent syphilis. This is how to a lot of the treatments actually were after the fact it was not really about prevention it was about it wasn't about prevention before sex it was about making sure that you you didn't get infected after mostly it was like well you better wash yourself quickly and then maybe soak your your penis and a cloth of some sort of weird grow discussing thing don't don't Soak your penis in that don't do it don't follow these these are not instructions to follow no they are anti -struction this this is a road map that you should not go on Oh my goodness gracious Because signs of syphilis are often less obvious in women they were often blamed for spreading the disease with bill as per us with the whole Harlot and evil temptress concept to those sorts of things like through the nineteen fifties and Sixties and Oh yes we're going to pose some some posters that are pretty yeah and cousin most places sex outside of marriage for men and basically any sex at all for women was seen as immoral diseases such as syphilis and gonorrhea were viewed as nine punishment and the word venereal as I mentioned inherently has blamed tied to it in many places to try to stop the spread of syphilis brothels were shut down or made illegal not that that necessarily decrease the prevalence of infection separate hospitals were constructed. for people with syphilis and they were often turned away at normal hospitals and it's not like these syphilis hospitals were nice care facilities they were just a place to isolate the people deemed unclean or immoral and also a lot of diagnosing especially for women happened just word of mouth so if a man said had sex like I I have syphilis I had sex with this woman so she gave it to me than the doctor would say she has syphilis she has to go to this hospital feel like I remember you saying nothing would happen for gonorrhea is yeah exactly over time though attitudes around civilised changed a little bit the disease itself had become so had been so widespread for such a long period of time and during that time it had become much less virulent and so by the time the eighteen hundreds came around it was almost in some ways viewed as a rite of passage like it was just something that happened to you the discussion of morality silas shifted again in the late eighteen hundreds early nineteen hundreds and it had always been sort of focused on the unclean or immoral aspect of it but in around this time it was more about the preservation of marriage as an institution that's what took the spotlight and a lot of focus was paid to the innocent wife made to be condemned to a life of disease due to her unfaithful husband and then congenital syphilis at this time because it wasn't known to be a pathogen it was more viewed as original sin or a punishment on behalf because your parents were like you were born bad were born yeah and so yeah as this this brings me to this this point of contagion being different thing than germ theory yeah you can you can think of disease being contagious and even though now we know that that is inherently tied to a specific pathogen whether it's a virus bacteria or worm or something thing it wasn't necessarily the same thing back then it was sort of your unclean aspect you're unclean character could be passed from person to person that is so so interesting to imagine like not knowing that a bacteria is what's causing it but knowing I got this or believing at least I got this from this person I that is such an interesting like separate Shen right. Wow it's something I hadn't really thought of before this episode because a lot of the times the episodes that we've covered we we know we've traced the concept of disease and infectious disease and it's mostly to do with my asthma and sort of like will bad bad areas swampy areas lowland areas whatever else just bad air but this was like oh no this is obviously a contagious thing right and so insist lease from like sexual intercourse right right that that is how you get it yet how that's it's very very yeah yeah and so the sexual aspect of course was had been known for a long long time but then alternate routes were also accepted again to come to light so kissing wet nurse to infant or vice versa and this was sort of a question mark I don't know and then later on the big thing was sitting on a toilet seat and this so some of these ways are actually ways that you can get syphilis a kissing for instance yes but other ones like sitting on toilet seat or being contaminated holy water which was my favorite one excuse me what Oh my God could that is such a try hard right and so these were probably ways to preserve invented to preserve the virtue of certain people who had gotten syphilis the end were like oh I've you know we should probably clarify that you cannot get syphilis from toilet seat you cannot and contaminated holy water case you were worried about that too it's also a human specific disease so that's I think worth mentioning yes this is not found in other animals it's not present in the environment this human-to-human exclusive around the late eighteen hundreds and early nineteen hundreds morality plays were written and performed poems about the dangers of syphilis and evil temptresses and all that and how they're going to poison your household and et Cetera and all of these of course it was even that got the disease from a woman of ill repute and he was often portrayed as a victim himself it was one of the three like it was genuinely called a social Z's one of the three being the other two being tuberculosis and alcoholism they were all viewed as sort of these unclean unclean holy city or something on the Hannity Trinity Eating That is so interesting to me that it was alcoholism and Tuberculosis well it was it was thought that if we have enough social reform and morality campaigns through pretty preserve orig- or to clean up this that then we could wipe these things out wow so yeah and other people believed it to be a hereditary as I mentioned and often the cause of genius or creativity something that has in common with tuberculosis syphilis is as I mentioned one of the diseases that people like to St- retrospectively diagnose so we've got some these are both confirmed and suspense capone again being being NICI tolstoy Karen Blixen who wrote out of Africa Lenin Hitler and then like many many people there's even a book called pox something about I can't remember who wrote it I didn't read it because from my understanding it's a lot of this hand wavy retrospective.
CDC Report: STDs Continue to Rise in the U.S.
"Number of cases of sexually transmitted diseases in the US has reached a record high a new report from the CDC counted two point four million cases of gonorrhea chlamydia and syphilis in twenty eighteen that's a hundred thousand more than the year before there's also been a spike in the rate of newborn deaths due to congenital syphilis Dr Elizabeth Tony is an epidemiologist of the CDC and she's one of several people who worked on this report Dr Welcome thank you and this trend has been going on for some years now but it looks like through your report that the Korea an syphilis which are three common sexually transmitted diseases combined more than two point four million infections were diagnosed in reported there were one thousand three hundred and six cases of congenital syphilis reported in two thousand eighteen which was forty percent increase in just one year can we talk about that Because that sounds serious congenital syphilis looks like a lot of these cases concentrated mostly in Sunbelt states like Florida Texas California Arizona's in Louisiana what does it mean is how dangerous is that to to an infant congenital syphilis is one of the most tragic consequences of this grind CD epidemic of the one thousand three hundred and six cases there were ninety four congenital syphilis related deaths all of these deaths were animal we have the tools to prevent congenital syphilis we just need to make sure that they're being implemented and taking urgent action to break the cycle of increases in STD's it states can we take a look at why this is happening your report suggests that the use of condoms is falling why would that be so we have data that suggests ever been those changes in behaviors what we do know is that there are opportunities to prevent the adverse consequences STD's all STD's are treated screening is so important to really halt this epidemic another issue is that there have been big cuts to STD programs around the country the CDC's half of local clinics have seen these cuts clinics have closed as a consequence less screening therefore is happening what's going on there why is that money dried up so we know that there's a number of factors that can affect how well programs are funded what I can say is that the consequence says of decreased funding can really affect the most vulnerable communities for many people who are at risk of STD's they don't have a medical home or they may not have medical insurance and those state and
CDC reports STDs reach all-time high for 5th year in a row
"As TV's in the US have hit an all time high or at least a number of people who know they have them the CDC says cases of gonorrhea syphilis and chlamydia my I've written reason for the fifth consecutive year more than two million people were diagnosed
STDs at all-time high: CDC warns syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia sexually transmitted disease cases reach record high
"Sexually transmitted diseases reached a record high in twenty eighteen two point five million cases an increase of thirty percent since twenty thirteen the director of the S. T. D. division doctor Gail bowl and says this is a failure of the public health system and they have the tools to
"syphilis" Discussed on KDWN 720AM
"The dials a big thanks for tuning in. We really do. Appreciate it doesn't get the follow us on Twitter. Dr Dalia in on Facebook that after Delhi show. So syphilis is back in the news lately in the year, two thousand seventeen more than one hundred one thousand people in the US were diagnosed with syphilis. A hundred and one thousand people in a year diagnosed now that doesn't even the numbers of people. Not diagnosed. That could have for years. And so we've been talking over the last couple of years about this resurgence of syphilis, which we don't know why the heck it's coming back. But we have some ideas, they say rural communities where people have less access to healthcare. And they say more conservative attitudes toward sex, maybe feeling the rise in syphilis. Now. This is what experts are saying. We'll talk a little bit more about that. Personally. I would think a conservative view on sex would help stop the spread. But I guess they're saying that if somebody doesn't wanna come forward to talk about having sexual intercourse at a marriage or having homosexual sex, they'll be less likely to get treated. And so that is that is a factor. They say figures have suggested that the use of heroin and methamphetamine is also driving up syphilis rates. They said small towns people might be seeing the doctor that will personally or doctors have never seen syphilis before maybe struggling to diagnose it. Now. Can I just say you better not have graduated medical school? If you don't know how to identify syphilis. We'll talk a little bit about that. I mean, that's that is a problem. If you are not thinking syphilis, in fact, you know, what I don't mean to get beyond my my high horse, but I've had to remind people to run syphilis tests. I run a syphilis test all the time the one I cream for today's. Everyone's like all you just waiting for HIV and hepatitis I go and syphilis and syphilis. What's that syphilis? We haven't seen that for a long time..
"syphilis" Discussed on Stuff To Blow Your Mind
"Hunt to kill her? This is another key fact that was brought up in the book clean by Virginia Smith that have referenced before and podcast, and that is that previously you had, you'd go into your your local barber shop, and you'd have the Barbara tonsils in the front by resurgence in the back. You have your haircut, your buffet shaved, all of that. Take place in the front of the building and go into the back into the yard or what have you. That's where you would receive minor surgeries. That's where you would take a bath and saying later as as civilised begins to spread, that's where you start getting treated for syphilis. That's where you might take your mercury bat. And so the the prevalence of the disease and fear regarding the diseases read leads to regulation. This relate this leads to of course paranoia. And so you see the two separate so easy. The separation of the barber Tuncer in the barber surgeon. It's right because that red and white striped barber pole. East to indicate that there were surgeries down there, right? Anybody's ever wondered why that pull is outside of a haircut every all right. So that's its impact on on on medicine in medical surgeries as well as cottage industries like wigmakers, right? Yes. And people who are selling, you know, snake oils, but there are certain things that you cannot cover up here when it comes to syphilis, and one of the things would be your teeth. Now you could pull your teeth. You could put dentures him, but if he didn't want to do that, you kinda saddled with the ravages of your teeth by syphilis in one of the more. Particular things we see here with the teeth is something that pops up in cases of congenital syphilis, and that's something known as Hutchinson teeth. These are. You know, as with all things, syphilis, the exact symptoms vary. But these is often typified by sharpened looking teeth or peg shaped teeth that kind of have sharpened points on the edges. You can look for for images this online. I think I am. Actually, I did a blog post that I'll linked to on the landing page for this podcast episode that includes the image that Julian hi, but looking at now, but they do have kind of monstrous appearance. He's like sharpened teeth inside of a human mouth, but Julie canine teeth. Yes. Say we start to look at this for a little bit and naturally you, your mind would turn to vampire teeth because that's kind of what this looks like. It looks like he's sort of NAS, Ferrato version of vampire teeth. Yeah. And it's led some commentators to argue that the the, the evolution of the vampire myth in in western civilization may have connections to cases of congenital or hereditary syphilis. The children are born like this, they have this kind. They could have the in addition to these teeth also have a long gated fingers. They may have elongated skull their various other deformities that might be interpreted as monstrous by by somebody taking in the scenario and another connection between vampires and syphilis, arguably takes us to Brahms Stoker himself. The author of the book Dracula and another area where vampires and syphilis seem to converge is in the case of the eighteen ninety seven novel Dracula by Bram Stoker. Now, Brahms Stoker's exact cause of death, and he died in nineteen twelve at remains, you know, somewhat something in the mystery, but some biographers attribute is death to tertiary syphilis and make the further argument that Dracula itself as literary work is is kind of reflecting not only the para. Annoy re regarding syphilis that's present in the culture, but also Stoker's own experience with the illness itself because you look at vampires, we'll get back to and you see something that is at once sexual. In monstrous. He see this, this, this outsider that has come to this case to England and is is spreading this this illness of vampirism this this alien pathogen to to to to to women in the in the in the area. Yes, they are puncturing the women. So can you have to use the metaphor which always comes up sex vampires? Right. In fact, there is, you sent me this link to a class that's offered the classes, the vampire in literature and cinema taught by Thomas love, Loginov it who's a professor of Slavic and comparative literature, and he uses that vampire lore to explore folk..
"syphilis" Discussed on Stuff To Blow Your Mind
"So for a brief period of time, you have effectively sewn your arm or my surgeon has effectively sewn your arm to your face. And then once the graft is taken, then you cut the arm away from it and you've, you've essentially walked as a piece of flesh off of your arm onto your face and then use that to form a new nose, which is kind of brilliant. Honestly, you asked a plastic surgeon at this and they'll be like, this is a great way to try to get the skin to graft onto other skin and then be able to shape it. The only problem here is that for about two weeks, you're walking around with your your hand, stuck your head and you can't really move your nose right? Because that's now stuck to your arm the I'm guessing you're probably not doing a whole lot of walking around town like that, but but yeah, ver- there's. Is going to be a weird period there, but you know the Italian method, it's a remarkable what it can do like it may be Br, summoning images of like a really bad plastic surgery job or something. But I've, I've seen some images particularly like particularly late eighteen hundreds early nineteen hundreds in which you see multiple pedestals of flesh that are essentially walked up the body to the face to repair individuals who say, lost their lower jaw to to to gunshot wound, and then you're able to walk all these pedals up to the face, and it looks kind of gasoline at first, but then you start putting them in their place. And at the end of the price of this series of procedures, you have a much more normal looking visage they are in place of the damaged tissue. So in in in this scenario, we see the impact of syphilis on early rhino pass plastic in Europe. But we also see other ways in which syphilis ends up change. The way that that that medicine is practiced through throughout the the old world. For instance, I immediately challenged humor ISM and the doctrine of contagion that was prevalent of the day. We also see syphilis as a catalyst for modern doctor, patient confidentiality because suddenly it becomes kind of a calling card for some doctors, hey, let me treat you for your syphilis because I'll keep it on the down low. Now. He just kinda take that for granted that we only do a doctor. They're not going to black about syphilis to everyone in.
"syphilis" Discussed on Stuff To Blow Your Mind
"You're then you're saying, hey, I live in a world in which syphilis exists. And if I behave certain way, syphilis is what happens to my body. You know some of these cases to see individuals where they they, they, they're almost happy when they finally catch syphilis because it means it if nothing else, it means they don't have to worry about catching syphilis anymore. You know, they're, they're, they're no longer living in the shadow of syphilis, but within the dark of syphilis. And you can see where there might be a certain amount of empowerment. They are certainly if you have to latch onto something, you might as well add onto that. Although, again, you have to be in a really specific social position to Jim that and you'd have to be a male for certain DOE. Yes, indeed. Now, if you had the money, the wherewithal in you. Did not want to wear a fake nose, or you weren't ready to come out to the world that had syphilis than you would try a kind of nasal reconstruction, which in the sixteenth century was called the Indian method, and this involved cutting a no sized section of skin from the forehead. So there's again another calling card or hallmark that you have the disease because your nose looks great, but you got to patch skin. Bigwig. That's true. That's true. Do you have a nice wig, but they take that skin from the forehead and they would attach it to the bridge of the nose to maintain a study blood supply. And then that flap was twisted into place in stone over the damaged area which kinda created a replacement nose. But again, it wasn't perfect in, you know, really cold weather. It would not turn the same color as the rest of your nose who there were certain telltale signs that it it may look like Intech knows, but it is not your perhaps knows that you were born with, but it turns out there's a better in perhaps more horrific way to take a stab at plastic surgery or early plastic surgery, what it is tempting to say. It's ridic- but it. But in another way, it's kind of beautiful and he gets it how Malia bore flesh really is because, again, modern plastic surgery. The plastic is referring to the plasticity of the flesh. That you can craft flesh into a form, and actually this method did and does informed plastic surgeons about how skin grows and how you can molded and sculpted. So yeah, in this we see the sixteenth century advent of the talian method to to picture this. If you don't have an image of it in front of you, and and if you're not driving a car doing anything where you need your hands place, place your your palm of your hand, kind of on your forehead. Okay. And then allow your nose to to touch your arm. That is basically the position where the surgeon would would lock your arm into place. There'd be like a head vice type scenario going on so that you could not move your arm away. You cannot move your the the Fleischer arm away from the Fleischer face. And then that's where you perform the the, the skin graft. You walk a pentacle flash, you sort of cut it away from the forearm needs stitched into place where the nose should be employed. Of the nose eve lost to syphilis or duels or what have you. And then that's held in place while the the, the grafted skin grows onto the face..
"syphilis" Discussed on Stuff To Blow Your Mind
"We may not have noses anymore because of this illness, but hey, where people and we want to look at each other like where people and not worry about, oh, what's in all these other people that don't have syphilis or don't realize they have syphilis wearing other stages of the illness are looking at me and judging me for for what I am and making judgments about my moral character based on what has happened well and fits Harris, has that blog posts still syphilis a love. Story, which essentially talks about this when I believe it is miss Samborn, who eventually takes the fake news off at her husband's request because he accepts her as she is. You know, it's interesting. I was listening to that BBC program, the cultural history of syphilis, which I'll I'll linked to on the the landing page for this podcast episode, but they, they go into some of the cases of individuals, particularly in the the seventeenth century who end up if not finding pride in their civic appearance, they at least you know, come to own it. You see individuals like Sir, William Davin int sixteen six through sixteen sixty eight. There's a poet playwright, and he was famously not shy about being painted or depicted in artwork without a false nose. So you see a very sunk in saddle, nose, you know, almost vacant, you know, part of his facial features, and he was pretty upfront about it. Another instance, you have artist Gerard. Ardila Reese sixteen forty one through seventeen eleven, who's actually a prominent painter, and he was born with congenital syphilis and he he was. There's actually a painting of him by Rembrandt, which I'll put on the blog for everyone to see because it's it's a, it's a Rembrandt p. So it's it's splendid to behold, but here's an individual who you know who's sitting for a portrait. He's he's, he's open and and free about who he is. You know, he's not trying to hide it at this point. And you see a number of individuals say John Wilmot the second Earl Rochester who is portrayed by Johnny Depp in the movie of libertine. You see individuals like this who basically say, yeah, I have syphilis. I have had a wildlife and the the wages of having that loud life are syphilis. So it's it's almost like a bag of honor. Yeah, it's like when you hear, I've heard people say, point at Rockstars aging Rockstars, say who they look rough, but they party. Hard to get there. You know to say that what has happened to them is is like a badge of honor because it says they have enjoyed their younger life, and that is why they're they're older form is so decrepit I, then that's what you're seeing in some of these individuals. Now, granted, these are individuals that were living at the in the upper echelon of society. So they had a little more room to, you know, to grab onto that pride, they weren't dying of syphilis, you know, in in the slums in, likewise, some of these individuals to also had taken to various ideas about how civilised could be treated. So they thought that perhaps they're, they're syphilis, was being treated and managed by regular mercury treatments in one of those mercury steam baths, which as we mentioned in the previous episode may was likely making their symptoms worse. In some cases, said they thought that a, they were above sort of some of the social rules in place because of their position in society m b that they might. Might have been vanquishing it. So they were not quite as concerned about how they looked perhaps. Yeah. And if you're if you're looking at the body from a less religious standpoint, you're looking at more from a hedonistic or even mechanical standpoint..
"syphilis" Discussed on Stuff To Blow Your Mind
"It's the great imitator. It's the, it's the the great Hyder. So, yeah, bad stuff is happening to your body in the varying stages of syphilis. So one thing you might do is to course you make cover things up since we are wearing clothes, we're wearing makeup. You can apply clothing and makeup to cover up your source. Yeah. In fact, simplest just creates his whole cottage industry of of different things you can buy in due to either feel better or look better. So there might be some sort of snake oil that you can buy. Right that has absolutely no medical merit, or you might visit your local wig maker quite a bit. Because again, you want to cover up the ball patch on your head or the baldness so that people don't suspect that you have syphilis. And if you are prostitute, a merkin is a must, because yeah, you might be saving your PB care anyway to cut down on lice. But then you also might have an outbreak of syphilis down there. You want to disguise the sign. So you get a wig for your genitals also called a merkin, which is. Not a muppet character. Yeah, there apparently used a lot now in for films, especially historical films. Yeah, yeah. But historically, it was more a matter of venereal diseases for the men generally wasn't really an option because the well, there's just more to cover up down there and just do a Google search. You'll see what I'm talking about. All right. Yeah, there are some logistics there that you can't quite cover with a merkin, but what happens when your nose caves in and your flesh begins to rot away? Well, this creates a problem and in general it, it was kind of a rough time for noses. Anyway, if you'll remember the story of Tico Broadway the the astronomer. I think we didn't episode or at least he's come. He comes up at time sewed. Yeah, yeah, fascinating. Individual I, there may be some biographers that that creep syphilis in there, but but I think it's pretty established that that he lost the nose in a dual. So on on one level. Well, you can lose that knows in a dual living an adventurous lifestyle, getting yourselves into arguments with other armed gentlemen, but you can also acquire syphilis through your adventurous lifestyle. And then you see the saddle, nose eventual rotting away of the nose. So one thing you can do is you can buy a fake nose to wear over your destroyed knows and this is this is simple. That sounds if you've ever seen a digital underground video and you've seen Humpty hump with the the big fake nose on his on his face who, incidentally, according to the backstory losted frying accident, I believe so. So no dueling or syphilis involved with Humpty, but but it's basically the same scenario. A fake knows that is strapped onto the body or held with wires over the over the the the, the vacant area. Yeah. In fact, in this is according to Lindsey, fa- terrorist who is a medical historian and writes on the Cairo jn apprentice, which is a great website documenting medical surgeries. She writes that this deformity was so common amongst those suffering from the pox as it was sometimes called the no no's clubs sprang up in London on February eighteenth eighteen seventy four. The star reported miss ten born tells us in central gentleman, having tankan taken a fancy to see a large party of knows Lois persons invited everyone, thus afflicted whom he met in the streets to dine on a certain day at a tavern where he formed them into a brotherhood and on this site again that Lindsey fits Harris has put together. There is a great example of one of these sort of noses that attached to a pair of glasses that's attached to. A sort of almost like a headgear like early headgear braces, and it's one that that a female patient war. Yeah. And you can imagine that Warren with a wig and it makes makes perfect sense. And you know, the no no's club also makes a lot of sense because if you're you're dealing with this illness, you're having to cover yourself up and where this this, this fake knows over your your your face. I mean, there's gonna come a time when you want to be able to just take that off and be yourself no matter what has happened to yourself in this illness. You wanna be able to just say, hey, here we are..
"syphilis" Discussed on Stuff To Blow Your Mind
"Some of them worked on a different paper. Looking at fifty, four published reports of pre Columbian evidence and skeletal remains of syphilis. And they found there that again, there wasn't enough supporting information and real evidence to say that it existed in its form of syphilis, as we know in talk about it now in the old world. So again, there seems to be some sort of direction here. Terms of the way the the river is streaming with information. But it doesn't mean that this is the end point of the origins of syphilis, and we're gonna talk about more of the sort of sites since owns and smells of what it might be like in a syphilis era in Europe. And I wanted to just read this. This is from the BBC a cultural history of syphilis says in the fourteen ninety s in apparently new and terrifying disease struck Naples in southern Italy and swift fire, like across Europe, reaping a dreadful, human cost. It must have been as though Hel had come to earth pustules spread across the genitals in the face of its many sufferers, unbearable gastro intestinal pain followed upon fevers screamingly, severe headaches and other symptoms. Finally, we'll ash fell from bones. Syphilis had arrived in Europe where it would stay misunderstood, lacking any form of cure for. Five hundred years. Yeah, it's it's pretty rough sounding. And again, remember that this was not a disease that affected just the poor. This was a disease that affected rich and poor like that affected royalty and peasant that affected clergy members. Anyone there was engaging in sexual contact, ran the risk, a high risk of of acquiring this this illness. And yeah, this was not a quiet sort of illness. I mean, people could smell you before you even came around and we're talking about rotting flesh. We are talking about your face bearing the marks of syphilis your body bearing the marks of it. In fact, you could even kind of see it as sort of scarlet letter a lot into your flesh. Yeah, again, the the metaphorical power. Syphilis is unavoidable here because you already have the idea in western culture that that physical deformities may signal inner deformities that that that. Than an inner send can have a flesh -ly manifestation, and it's super easy to apply that line of thinking to syphilis because here's something that's spread through sex, here's something to spread through through sin if you will, and and then has these these terrifying physical manifestations certainly in its later stages. So it's it's easy then for someone to point the figure and say this, this is the way these are the wages of sin right here. All you have to do is look at this individual. Look at the look at the the sores on their body, look at the deformities of their facial feature, look what has happened to them. And and so you see this just throughout its throughout its four and a half centuries of of unchecked rampaging and even beyond into the twentieth century and even into the twenty-first, there's there's a moral aspect to syphilis and two other venereal diseases. This is something you caught because you were doing something that would wrong. Like that's the script that is often applied. The scenario? Yeah. And now people have the sort of calling card hallmarks of that disease, right? They look at you and they say, oh, I'm you, see you've, you've got a nasty rash there. You've lost your hair. Perhaps your nose is even caving into what's called saddle knows. And so what do people do? We'll they try to find anything and everything that might cover up their transgressions or what would be perceived as transgressions and bear in mind again through all of this, that there are no set of standards symptoms for syphilis, and there are stages where it's undetectable, so so every everyone's going crazy with ways to detect and treat it while the the illness it self is is, is so difficult to get your hands on..
"syphilis" Discussed on Stuff To Blow Your Mind
"So this kind of gets you onto the route of, well, maybe the new world did have the case of syphilis. Oh, it's not that clear cut is we'll discuss. And this leads us to what is called the unitarian hypothesis which has nothing to do with Unitarians. The religious sense of the world where don't worry Unitarians we're not. We're not nailing this one on you unitarian, in the sense of that that it unites the old world and new world hypotheses regarding the emergence of syphilis in Europe. The basic idea here is that you do have Columbus in his sailors setting sail from Europe to the new world to the Americas, and when they're there, they do come into skin-to-skin contact, sexual and non sexual with natives there. And then they end up acquiring Trump animal diseases. Now, you know, again to the jewel to to pinch, I think to yours, but not necessarily syphilis proper, but they bring back a relative of syphilis may bring it back to a drastically new incubation world. We're talking about a different environment because in the in the Americas, you know, individuals who syphilis they're going to largely be in, you know, smaller communities, but then you bring them to a European port town. You bring it to a world where individuals aware wearing. More close. Thus allowing for less skin on skin contact. You bring it to a world where you have brothels a world where you have tiny ships tightly packed with men sailing from one port to the next port throughout Europe. And what happens according to this hypothesis is that the the trip in name will disease changes and and we get this subspecies of trumpeting palim that causes syphilis as we know it. So it is a story of new tation under new environmental circumstances. Yeah. If anyone is interested in taking a deeper dive into this and and some of the skeletal evidence behind this, there is a paper or two thousand twelve paper called the science behind pre-columbian evidence of syphilis in Europe research by documentary. And that goes into this much more. And I wanted to quote Molly documentaries. One of the authors of paper, she says in reality, it appears that venereal syphilis was the by product of two different population. Meeting in exchanging pathogen. It wasn't adaptive event, the natural selection of disease independent of morality or blame. It's not a situation of all those sinful sailors there. Oh, those diseased natives in this new world. It's it's something more complicated than that. Yeah. In, you know, at the outset of this, the researchers for this paper, they really wanted to to sort of disprove this idea that Columbus and his crew were vectors for syphilis because they thought it can't be that just, you know, Columbus and his his guys hung out in America and then brought it back to Europe and spread supplus all over the place. Can't be that simple and it's not that simple. You know, because the trick here is that it mutated adapted rather, but they really, they went into it with the intent of saying knack, can't be. Yeah, because it does sound like something you would read and sort of. Spiracy theory kind of message board, right? Like hold lease two dates lineup, we can correlate this a little bit. Therefore that must be what happened now you, we do want to drive home that these are all hypotheses and this is still an area that everyone's there are a lot of papers that come out about this. There's a lot of discussion. A lot argument lasted did a lot of disagreement. So there's no definitive answer here, and it may indeed be one of those areas where we never have a definitive answer. It's true. And you know the the researchers who worked on that paper also worked..
"syphilis" Discussed on Stuff To Blow Your Mind
"You laid with a member of a number. Never another race. All these. These weird taboos spring up in seemingly in concert with the parameters of the illness. As we mentioned before, one of the reasons that syphilis the such a captivating topic is because it's so rife for metaphor, you know, be at a metaphor of of morality, a morale, a metaphor of racism, nationalism, sexism, whatever you wanna throw at. It, it seems to conform to that that form rather nicely. Yeah. Now we will get back to Columbus and we're going to try to get to the origins of of syphilis. But before we do, it's just worth it to say that this is syphilis and trying to get to the origins of is really difficult. It's very hard to study very many strain, some of which don't exist anymore. And then you have an dodo claims throughout the centuries. So you can't really pair that with, you know, a systematic approach to say, yes, indeed, this was a case of syphilis. Because again, as we have mentioned before, syphilis is the great imitator. So it's very possible that someone had leprosy and not syphilis. Exactly. And again, that difficult to study note, you can't grow syphilis in a culture. You can't have a little Petri dish of syphilis. Even today we have to study it in rabbits. So right, you have to have it in an actual organism to really get a good idea about it. That being said there have. I've been these pre Columbian theories kicked around in other words, this idea of, hey, could syphilis have existed before the new world previous to the late fourteen hundreds in the old world that's again called the Columbian theory. Yeah, this this theory is is basically that to say that when we have other illnesses, if you look back at some accounts of leprosy, you might say, well, that that kind of leprosy doesn't match up as well with our modern understanding of leprosy. Perhaps that was a different ailment perhaps that was in fact syphilis. Instead, we're just kind of latching onto this easy explanation of Columbus since this groundbreaking expedition takes place just a few years before this major outbreak. But of course the world because it makes sense, right. I mean, the world is more complicated than one ship sailing off and coming back. There are other movements going on in the world. It's a time of great change. People are moving around not only throughout Europe. But you have movements going into into into Asia and Africa. So what? So why not? Why? Why could there not be another route for this illness to take and we'll discuss it will really try to get to the bottom of this. But so when we call when we say pre-columbian, we're talking about old world. When we talk about Colombian, we're talking about new old generally here. Old world is Europe. Old world is is western civilization, new world, the Americas, Columbia, that cetera, right. And if you're gonna talk about a new world, you have to talk about something called yaws in Beijing will. Now these are tropical diseases that are closely related to Trump Nima Polycom, which is, of course, syphilis. Although they are different Basell causes mouth sores and lumps in the bone in y'all's caused skins ores in disfiguring gross on the leg. So of course they're related to syphilis, but they are non venereal, right? They're spread through skin-to-skin contact. They're not they're. They're not. Straight up the near diseases. Granted, you could catch them in skin-to-skin contact during sexual intercourse, but they're not depending on that as their mode of transmission the, yeah, but these are all Trump animal diseases. The euro. These are all close relatives of the subspecies of trumpeting Paladin that causes syphilis and we bring them up because they are important to study. If you're if you're trying to look at where syphilis civilised originated from, then you're going to want to look at y'all's ambassadorial because paleo pathologic Bruce in Christine, Rothschild used that information to point toward a new world. Origin of syphilis may examined six hundred eighty seven skeletons from archaeological sites in the US rigging about ranging in age from four hundred to six thousand years. And what they found is that populations to the south look to have syphilis while those to the north had yaws. And then by contrast the exam. One thousand old world skeletons dating to before contact with a new world, and they found zero cases of syphilis..
"syphilis" Discussed on Stuff To Blow Your Mind
"My name is Robert Judy Douglas. This is part two of our little series here on syphilis the first episode, syphilis. The great imitator dealt with the the organism that causes syphilis, which is known as trip Nima Powell them. I actually just subspecies of Trump in human palate them I'm, this is all caused by this tiny tightly coiled spiral key this little bacterium that ends up causing all this trouble for those infected. So if you have not listened to that, I go back, have a listen. We will walk you through all the stages of syphilis infection from that. That from the tiny annoyances of the primary infection on up to the disastrously deforming and ultimately lethal stages of tertiary syphilis as well as the treatment of it. All right. This is been mentioned in the other episode, but it bears mentioning again, the first recorded epidemic of narrow civilised. Occurred in Europe in fourteen ninety five by the close with fifteenth century. It was pretty rampant. In fact, in Naples, Italy, there was such a huge outbreak that the pope, the said, hey, we need some help here. Soldiers were brought in twenty five thousand of them. And what do you think happened? Well, prostitutes and they got more civilised than than of course it just got worse and worse. So what we're talking about is is a disease that ravished for centuries throughout Europe. And today we're going to try to get at the the origins of it and they were going to try to tease out some of the morality that has been paired with it as well as sort of xenophobia that surrounds it as well. As I mentioned before, it's it's it's kind of difficult to overstate the importance of syphilis in western culture for those four and a half plus centuries that it. That it was a problem. And as we discussed in the last episode, syphilis is not a radically did. It is still around the day. It's still something to to be concerned about, and it's still something we have to to treat both with with with penicillin and with education. But during the fourteenth century to the early twentieth century, it was really permeating the fabric of culture. It was rampant. Yes. When we break down the percentages of it, it's going to vary depending on where in Europe you're looking, but you're generally looking at eight ten to fifteen percent of the population has syphilis, you know, with some degree margin air there and then upwards of twenty percent in military. Because again, you have younger men who are initially traveling around and they are the ones that are spreading it from place to place visiting prostitutes, it's cetera. Yeah. And because of its association with Columbus who sailed under the Spanish plague. It was. The called the Spanish disease for a while, and then the French called it the Neopolitan or Italian disease because they caught it from residents of Naples or so. They say when Abel's of course, was one of the major outbreak areas. The Russians called it, a polish disease, the polish called it a Russian disease in the Turks called it a Christian disease while the English called it the French pox. What do you see here? A lot of finger pointing, yes, it's always the other that you blame the disease on. You have to draw that firm line in your worldview between we, the clean and they the diseased and hope that that line doesn't come to invalid you as well. The the Columbus thing is so fascinating and it's a, it's a point that is continually studied in argued about. But again, we see that I big outbreak in fourteen ninety five and as we all know in fourteen hundred ninety two Columbus sailed the ocean. Yeah. So it sounds it sounds almost too good to be true slash too horrible to treat it almost sounds too easy, but but we keep coming back to it time and time. Again, here we have Columbus sailing to this drastically new land and their contact. Be at sexual or merely skin on skin is occurring between members of his his crew and the native population, and then they return to Europe and then in their wake, we see the emergence of this, this this powerful illness. Yeah, and you see a lot of wrong headed ideas about this. This idea of xenophobia, right? This fear of strangers, this idea that there are savages that have spread this disease to Europeans via Columbus. Yeah, you laid with a member of another nation..
"syphilis" Discussed on Stuff To Blow Your Mind
"That's just how it goes. You know, this disease ravaging my body. If you tell me that mercury might help, then I'm probably going to try mercury show. You're gonna try anything at that point including malaria, which is apparently something that was discovered in nineteen seventeen by Julius Wagner Georiga to help halt some of the symptoms of syphilis, particularly neurosis at advanced stage in which you get psychosis and you get paralysis. And they found that if you in induced malaria. Fever impatience, well, that could help with the actual infection. You also saw the use of so-called civilization treatments. This is where you would essentially try to inaugurate the the, the patient in the same way that you would treat them for smallpox. This didn't work submitting yourself to the disease, right? Yeah, trying to to build up, you know, bodily immunity doesn't work. Now I've, I've read some mixed reports of how experiments on rabbits in the the modern age has potentially shown some possibility there, but you get into a situation where it would take so many applications of syphilis, and and we're talking about a rabbit and it hasn't been studied enough and you would certainly could not study it in humans. So so yeah. And then also why study when we have penicillin that can wipe it out. And sometimes it's diagnosed by testing fluid from syphilis to war in looking for the. Parakeet via dark field, microscopic the name of that blood test by the way is the Wasserman blood test, and it was developed in nineteen. Oh six. Just to get everything in the timeline squared away there. So as we have mentioned, suppose can be treated with antibiotics. I, we're talking about penicillin. We're talking to Matt g venza Tyne doxycycline or tetracycline, and that's for patients who are usually allergic to penicillin in the length of treatment. Depends on the extent of the infection in factors such as the person's overall health. So let's say you didn't get to it right away and you kind of get to the second or a secondary phase of it. You would still have to deal with any sort of ill effect that you might have sustained at that point. All right. So at this point you might be wondering, what can I do to decrease my chances of of catching syphilis? Well, according to the CDC they're basically two things you can do because there's no, there's no vaccine for syphilis. We have a cure. Syphilis. But then again, you get into the problem of detecting it knowing to report it at cetera..
"syphilis" Discussed on Stuff To Blow Your Mind
"But these are painless and they're easily confused with any number of small skin ailments that may pop up in even a healthy person's life. You know, the stuff like an ingrown hairs or or or various other bumps than it'd be caused by by any number of other ailments. Again, it's the great imitator right now if you do not get treated at this point, well, then it gets into secondary syphilis in during this stage. That's when you see those skin rashes towers in your mouth. And so that's the primary stage in the key to note here that the Schenker disappears advantages. So if you were concerned about it, if you really want to what this painless ugly spot on my genitals as well, then it goes away. And that's one of the dangers that we see over and over again with syphilis is that the infection seems to go away. The illness may seem to go away, but as we're about to learn, it does not again, imagine yourself in, you know, the. Fifteenth century. If you have this and then disappears, you think, oh, everything is fine. I got was upset over over nothing. Maybe you didn't even notice it's, it's entirely likely that one wouldn't even notice that the Schenker had popped up now most likely you wouldn't have been treated at that point in time because it wasn't anything necessarily to treat you with that was really effective. So it would then develop into a secondary stage called secondary's syphilis in which you would have skin rashes and or source in your mouth, vagina and anus also called mucous membrane lesions. Yeah. And you may also see other varying symptoms such as fever, lethargy, headaches, general body aches, hair loss. And this is the point in the invasion in which the enemy, the enemy made it in the primary stage and in secondary syphilis. The enemy has spread throughout the castle. All right in and is making itself known throughout the invaded city. That is the human body right in you are a highly contagious. At this point. In fact, general little sores caused by syphilis, make it a lot easier to transmit in acquire things like HIV infection. Right? So it can get a secondary infection at this point. In fact, there is an estimated two to five fold increased risk of acquiring HIV. If you're exposed to infection, went civiles is present in these first and second stages. Now, at this point after secondary syphilis in here, again, we see that the secondary syphilis this outbreak period. This goes away as well, which again could lead someone to say, well, that was horrible. And maybe then may not even realize that it was connected to the primaries outbreak and they they might, but they can easily imagine, well, I'm done with this now. It's it's, it's it's done. It's finished. Whatever illness was affecting me. The pox has left me, right. Yeah, but little do they know that this is just the latent stage of this and it's just waiting around. It might not even reveal itself for decades. Yeah. So imagine the enemy has invaded the castle. They've made a lot of mischief. And then suddenly they seem to be gone, but they're not gone there in the base in there in the basement there in there in every house in the city there, they've literally becoming part of the city. They're essentially a sleeper cell. In that is what syphilis is Teri -ciary syphilis. The stage really is quite gruesome because it kind of takes everything in the body down to the studs or more. So I should say it's, like you say, this leaper cells in the basements, they become stronger and they come roaring back into the body and they cause a lot of havoc. Yeah, it's, I mean, we see this over and over again with with syphilis, but it has such metaphorical power who's one of the reasons that I, I think we're aside from its, it's power to harm and disfigures. The reason we're drawn to it so is be do see this idea of of the the infection flared up. Then it flared up again. And then it comes back in only fifteen to thirty percent of the cases a much stronger form in the tertiary stage at far more debilitating far more destructive and ultimately lethal stage of the illness. Yeah. In this late stage, you could have symptoms that include..
"syphilis" Discussed on Stuff To Blow Your Mind
"Nine thousand reported new cases of syphilis compared to forty eight thousand estimated new diagnoses of HIV. So it is still present and it is most common in people between the ages of twenty and twenty nine years of age which has led it to be called cupid's disease by the way. And of course, one other way we should mention that it till you can transfer syphilis is through an unborn child, and so congenital syphilis which will will talk about a little bit more later. That's also a huge problem because when syphilis manifests innate newborn child, the the, the. Affects our, it can be pretty disastrous. So once against syphilis, even though it is of tremendous interest from a historical standpoint, it is not a purely historical disease. Now we just don't put as much emphasis on it these days in as in terms of infectious diseases because it can be controlled by penicillin and we'll talk about that later. Yes, yes, it can be wiped out by penicillin and and that has been a huge advantage in the war against syphilis for sure. But still it is. It is an adversary that that carries on even in the advent of what would seem a magic bullet. Yeah. And let's talk about this dastardly organism also known as Trump Nima Paladin. Yes, Trebinje McDowell them which is a Trebinje mole disease. There are other Trebinje will diseases which will get into these in coup clued, visual, pinta and yards. None of these of course are sexually transmitted, but they are essentially skin ailments that are that are transferred by skin-to-skin contact. Yes. So they are related to Trump Nima Palo dome, but they themselves as you say, are not spread through sexual contact. I should add to be clear if you want to get really particular syphilis is caused by a subspecies of Trebinje McDowell them, essentially Trebinje McLeod empowered them. But for all intents in references going forward, Japanese pout on t- Paldam syphilis. You'll know what we're talking about. Now, this is the spiral shape. Bacterium also known as a Spiro Keat in we're talking about slender spiraling undulating bacteria here. And again, it is most often spread by sexual contact and the disease occurs in three primary stages. We'll talk more about that and no, these these later stages that will discuss are not so common in our modern era, right? Yeah, because the later stages obviously deal with a case of syphilis that is not. Entreated not been cured with a penicillin. All right. Well, let's let's talk about how syphilis is transmitted, and I'd like you to think about this in terms of an invasion because that's what it is. We're, we're dealing with an invasion of these Spiro Keats into the human body, and this invasion takes place in a few different phases. So syphilis can be spread again by through through the birthplace Cinta by kissing close contact transfusion of fresh human blood. But the main ways that it's that it's spreading through sexual contact. We're talking vaginal sex, oral sex, anal sex, all of these will serve as as a as an entry point. Now, the way that the spiral into the body, they enter through the skin. And when intimate contact of this nature is made that is when when the spire key interests the body interest through the skin and there it will hang out until it makes it self known in the form of Civiletti or also known as a Schenker and Schenker's occur. Mainly on external genitals that Jonah anus or in the rectum they can also occur on the lips and in the mouth. So this is when you see most of the transmission occur among people when these words are present, right? This is primary syphilis. This is first stage syphilis and think of this in terms of the enemy initially getting in to the fortress. This is the the Shankar is literally the entry point for the for the Spiro Keats and it may be a small number of Sparky's and maybe a larger number aspire Keats. But this is where they're getting it. This is the whole in the fortress wall. Yeah, in these Schenker's can appear usually around twenty one days after infection, but sometimes as little as ten or even ninety days. Yeah. And they may say, hang around for three to six weeks, and here's the thing they can. If you look pictures online and sure you should definitely go do a Google search for for what things look like your loins, but they may look pretty intense at times..
"syphilis" Discussed on Stuff To Blow Your Mind
"Hey, you welcome to stuff to blow your mind. My name is Robert Lamm Julie Douglas, but I'd like you to take a moment to just try and create trying to magic the most destructive disease possible. Imagine a disease that ravages the body that ravages just about every tissue every every part of human form that. It takes down your sex organs that takes part to face takes your identity and in some cases alternately rob you of your mind as well before killing you outright. Yeah, you mentioned sex organs. So also imagine that there's a moral to mention to this disease that would give you the sort of outward appearance that perhaps you had been engaging in conduct unbecoming to you? Yes. And of course, in all of this, we are talking about a very real illness and that is syphilis. We're actually going to devote to whole episodes to syphilis here this first episode, syphilis. The great imitator is mainly going to focus on the organism that causes stiffness and how syphilis manifest itself in the human body. In the second episode, we are going to get in to the cultural and historical impact of syphilis because that that in its own right is an enormous topic of interest because for four and a half centuries, syphilis ravages the old. World ravages western culture, and it's it's really kind of difficult to overstate the the role that syphilis played in in coloring western civilization during that time. Yes, don't run away because this is really interesting that curium itself is fascinating. And then of course the the cultural implications. Now we have our first recorded epidemic of venereal syphilis occurring in Europe in fourteen ninety five and by the close of the fifteenth century, you have chaos just raining in Naples, Italy where there's a huge outbreak. In fact, Pope Innocent the eighth asked French king, Charles the eighth to invade the city with troops to try to keep it under control. But what do you think happens. As we would, we would have instantly learned sending troops into deal with syphilis, not the best strategy because because they're going to end up catching the syphilis. And then when you draw the troops out, they're gonna take the civilised elsewhere. Exactly. And the problem here is that was has been known as the great image imitator because it has all these different symptoms that at the outset might be mistaken for other illnesses. So imagine this time period in which this was happening and people don't quite knowing what they were dealing with to quote, Sir, William Osler. He says, no syphilis in all its manifestations in relations and all other things clinical will the added to you. There is no organ in the body, nor any tissue in the organs which syphilis does not invade, and it is therefore manifestly difficult to speak, at least at all concisely of the pathology of the disease just as it is almost impossible to describe its clinical symptoms without mentioning almost every symptom of every known disease and the symptoms are. Are not going to be the same from one person to the next. So you have a disease that is that is seemingly very stealthy, very nefarious, it's it's, it's changing its shape. It's changing its strategy. It's going dormant. It's popping back up and and the whole time everyone's trying to understand what's going on how to prevent it. Again there. There's, there's this, this whole seemingly moral side to it because it spread through sexual contact and it ends up spreading across every social level in society. It's it's a disease that ravages the poor ravages, the rich, it's hitting the royalty. It's hitting the clergy, it's hitting anyone who's engaging in sexual contact, which is everyone right. And in fact, it is so prevalent that you get a couple of references to it in Shakespeare's works like pox of your houses and Romeo and Juliet, which is now a curse like about sewing. You. Yeah, it's. But the problem with this is that we tend to think of it as antiquated illness, right? It is not. In fact, the centers for disease control estimate that annually more than fifty, five thousand people in the US get new syphilis infections. And during two thousand twelve, there were more than forty..
"syphilis" Discussed on Timesuck with Dan Cummins
"Nanna blamed my husband for the cut per straps there's lots of similar stories i've been told over the years having to take stove knobs off when they left her in the house taking the remotes too though she can't remember why just after my hubby and i started dating my motherinlaw finally told us that nanan did not have dementia she had an untreated case of syphilis we fucking lost it when she told us that nanna used to troll the shipyard a navy base where they lived and must have contracted the disease but never got it treated once they took her to the doctor for her dementia it was too late to do anything about it hold this story made you laugh as much as we did keep on bringing the good suck your faithful space lizard brady it did make me laugh i know someone getting dementia from a venereal diseases not inherently funny but when i read nanna used to troll the shipyard and navy base i lost it and by the way you i don't know this is the truth but the way you phrased that story it made it seem like like later in life she was trolling the navy base you know like like maybe like after she was already a nanna she just this cougar troll in somehow getting syphilis recently fairly recently man civil has been no joke it's no joke actually though it was a joke that some of you fell for and this is the spoiler thing this last friday and it made me so happy time sucker buck i'm gonna leave his last name out of it for privacy fell from fell from my fake syphilis psa writing in dear master the suck you god damn son of a bitch ll i'm listening to the jack the ripper the episode and your ranting on and on about syphilis and i'm sitting at work thinking oh shit by the time you came around to saying it was it was all made up i was on the verge of getting tested you got me fuck you and keep on.