23 Burst results for "stewart gary"

"stewart gary" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

01:58 min | 5 months ago

"stewart gary" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

"And that's the shy for now. The space time is available every monday. Wednesday and friday through apple podcasts. I tunes stitcher. Google podcasts podcasts. Spotify cast amazon music bites dot com. Soundcloud youtube your favorite podcast download provider and from space time with stewart gary dot com space times also broadcasts through the national science foundation on science own radio and both iheart radio and tune in radio. And you can help to support our show by visiting the space time store for a promotional merchandising goodies all by becoming a space time patron which gives you access to triple episode commissioner free versions of the show as well as lots of burners audio content which doesn't go away access to exclusive facebook group and other awards. Just go to space time with stewart gary dot com for full details. And if you want more space time please check out our blog where you'll find all the stuff we couldn't fit in the show as well as heaps of images new stories loads videos and things on the web. I find interesting or amusing. Just go to space. Time with stewart. Garrett dot tumbler dot com. That's all one word. And that's tumbler. Without a you can also follow us through at stewart. Gary on twitter at space time with stewart gary on instagram through uh space time youtube channel on facebook just go to facebook dot com forward slash. Space time with stewart. Gary and space. Time is brought to you in collaboration with australian sky and telescope magazine your window on the universe. You've been listening to space time with stewart. Gary this has been another quality. Podcast production from bites dot com..

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"stewart gary" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

01:57 min | 6 months ago

"stewart gary" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

"And. That's the shut for now. Space Time is available every Monday Wednesday and Friday through apple podcasts. Stitcher Bugle podcast pocket casts spotify CAST AMAZON MUSIC BITES DOT COM soundcloud YouTube, your favorite podcast download provider and from Space Time with Stewart Gary Dot Com Space Times also broadcasts through the National Science Foundation on science own radio and on both IHEART radio and tune in radio, and you can help support our show by visiting the Space Time Store for a range of promotional merchandising goodies or by becoming a space time patron, which gives you access to triple episode commercial free versions of the show as well as lots. Of Burns audio content which doesn't go away access to exclusive facebook group and other awards just go to space time with Stewart Gary Dot Com for full details, and if you want more space time, please check out our blog where you'll find all the stuff we couldn't fit in the show as well as heaps of images, new stories, loads, videos, and things on the web I find interesting or amusing just go to space time with Stewart Gary Dot COM, La Dot com that's all one word, and that's tumbler without the. Follow us through at Stewart Gary on twitter at Space Time with withstood Gary on instagram through. Space. Time Youtube Channel on Facebook, just go to facebook dot com forward slash space time with Stewart Gary and space time is brought to you in collaboration with Australian sky and Telescope magazine your window the universe. You been listening to Space Time with Stewart Gary. This is another quality podcast production from BITES DOT com..

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"stewart gary" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

01:55 min | 6 months ago

"stewart gary" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

"And that's the show for now. space-time is available every Monday Wednesday and Friday through apple podcasts. Stitcher Bugle podcast how can casts spotify cast Amazon music, Bites Dot Com soundcloud youtube, your favorite podcast download provider, and from space. Time with Stewart Gary Dot com space time also broadcasts through the National Science, Foundation on science own radio, and on both IHEART radio and tune in radio, and you can help to support our show by visiting the Space Time Store for a range of promotional merchandising goodies or by becoming a space time patron, which gives you access to triple episode commissioner free versions of the show as well as. Lots of burns already content which doesn't go away access to exclusive facebook group and other rewards just go to space time with Stewart, Gary Dot Com for full details, and if you want more space time police check out our blog where you'll find all stuff. We couldn't fit in the show as well as heaps of images, new stories, loads, videos, and things on the web. I find interesting or amusing just go to space time with Stewart, Gary Dot, com La Dot com that's all one word, and that's tumbler without the. Follow us through at Stewart Gary on twitter at Space Time with Stewart Gary on instagram through space time. Youtube. Channel on Facebook, just go to facebook dot com forward slash space time with Stewart Gary and space time is brought to you in collaboration with Australian sky and Telescope magazine Your Window on the universe. You being listening to Space Time with Stewart Gary. This has been another quality podcast production from bites. Dot Com..

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"stewart gary" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

01:31 min | 1 year ago

"stewart gary" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

"You may remember reports last year that flavor and dark chocolate can improve apple podcast STITCHER BITES DOT COM podcast soundcloud youtube audio boom trump space time with Stewart Gary Dot com or from your favorite podcast download provider if you want more space time check out our blog where you'll find all the stuff we couldn't fit in the show as well as loads of images news stories videos and things on the web I find interesting or amusing just go to space time with Stewart Gary Dot Tumbler Dot com that's all one word in lower case and that's Tamla without the you also follow us you're listening to space time with Stewart Gary this has been another quality podcast production from bites dot com.

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Earth's Last Magnetic Pole Flip Happened Much More Slowly Than Previously Thought

SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

06:33 min | 1 year ago

Earth's Last Magnetic Pole Flip Happened Much More Slowly Than Previously Thought

"Any study suggests earth's magnetic poles may take far longer to flip than previously. I thought a new analysis reported in the journal science advances shows. The process may take up to twenty two thousand years to complete. That's more than twice as long as the nine thousand years. He's previously estimated this growing evidence that earth's magnetic poles are about to flip the north magnetic pole will become south and the south magnetic pole will become north last time. This happened with some seven hundred and seventy thousand years ago when it does happen. It'll be the first magnetic field polarity reversal in modern times times and that raises some serious questions about how today's technology with coq with the change to us me mortals on the surface of this revolving planet around the sun first magnetic field seemed steady and true reliable enough to navigate by your largely hidden from daily life less your pilot. The magnetic field drifts waxes awesome wayne's constantly when i'm flying one of the first things i do when i get in the cockpit of an aircraft is to readjust the cockpits compass to the latest readings for true north both for years. The magnetic north pole was wandering around pats of northern canada but more recently it's been careering towards siberia which recently forced the global positioning positioning system which underlies old model navigation updated software sooner than expected to account for the shift on average the magnetic pole shifts and reverses versus. That's polarity roughly every hundred and fifty thousand years or so that with the last one occurring some seven hundred and seventy thousand years ago with long jude for the knicks flip and there are some early signs that a possible paul reversal may be about to occur the accelerating movement of the north magnetic pole is one sign another other is something known as the south atlantic anomaly a weed pad of the south atlantic ocean between brazil and africa compass needles go nuts pointing south instead of north north and it's not just compass needles affected the south atlantic anomaly region causes earth ina van allen radiation belt to move closer to the earth surface dipping down onto just two hundred kilometers in altitude this results in an increase flocks of energetic particles in this region exposing orbiting spacecraft the high than usual levels of radiation listen effect the international space station required extra shielding just deal with this problem nashes reported that modern laptops of crushed aboard space shuttle flights as they a pass through the anomaly and the hubble space telescope doesn't do any observations while it's passing through the anomaly whether or not the south atlantic anomaly really does mean a polls colds are about the flip polarity is yet to be saying the problem is scientists have only a very limited understanding as to exactly why the film reversals occur or how they happen now new research by university of wisconsin madison geologist brad singer suggests the most recent short reversal seven hundred and seventy thousand years ago took at least twenty the two thousand years to complete that several times longer than previously thought and the results further color the question some controversial findings that some polar reversals could occur within inhuman lifetime than you analysis is based on advances in measurement capabilities at a global survey of lava flows ocean sediment at arctic ice coast rose providing a more detailed look at a turbulent time for earth's magnetic field of a millennia. The planet's magnetic food weakened partly shifted stabilized the game and then finally reversed for good to the orientation we know today. The new results provide a clearer m._o. Nuanced picture of reversals at a time when some scientists believe we may maybe experiencing the early stages of paul reversal and you other researchers dispute the very notion of a present day. Paul reversal singer says unless you have the complete accurate accurate in high resolution record of water filled reversal really's like it would be difficult to discuss the mechanics of generating one. We know that earth's magnetic field is produced by the planet's molten alton liquid metallic out of core as it spins around the solid. I and inigo generating powerful electromagnetic currents. What's coda jet dynamo this year dynamic in a creative field. That's most stable going through roughly the geographic north and south poles but the field shifts in weakened significantly during reversals. We know this because <unk> asni rocks formed typically other volcanic lava flows or a sediments being deposited on the sea floor they leave a record the magnetic field the time they were created and geologists can survey this global record piecing together. The history of magnetic fields going back millions of years. Their record is clearest for the most recent reversal that one seven hundred seventy thousand years ago for the current analysis singer and colleagues looked at lava flows from chile to haiti hawaii the caribbean and the canary islands and they collected samples from these latter flows of several field seasons lava flows are ideal records of the magnetic field they have lots of iron bearing ring minerals and as cool and solidify they lock in the direction of the planet's magnetic field the research is combined magnetic field readings and radio acid type dating samples from seven lava flow sequences to recreate the magnetic field over a span of seventy thousand years centered on las reversal they found the final reverse was quite quick by geological standards less than four thousand years but it had been preceded by an extended period of instability included excursions which are temporary partial reversals the polls stretching back another eighteen thousand years. That's more than twice as long as suggested by other studies which claimed reversals wrap up within about nine thousand years the lava flow the data was corroborated by magnetic readings from the seafloor which provided more continuous but less precise source of data than lab iraq's single and colleagues also used at arctic ice core samples apples to track the deposition of beryllium which is produced by cosmic radiation colliding with molecules in the atmosphere. You say when the magnetic reversing weakens allowing more radiation in from space to hit the atmosphere producing more beryllium since humanity began recording the strength of the earth's magnetic field. It's actually decrease in strength by about five percent century century and his records like singing shows. A weakening field seems to be a precursor to an eventual field reversal although it's far from clear that a reversal is imminent reversing planetary magnetic food would significantly affect navigation as well as satellite and terrestrial communications but if the current studies right it means society would have many generations to adapt to what would be a lengthy period of magnetic instability stewart gary. You're

Paul South Atlantic Knicks Canada Wayne Siberia Brazil Caribbean Brad Singer Geologist University Of Wisconsin Madiso Chile Iraq Haiti Seventy Thousand Years Nine Thousand Years One Seven Hundred Seventy Thou Twenty Two Thousand Years Eighteen Thousand Years Two Hundred Kilometers
How Did We Miss This Week's Shockingly Close Asteroid Flyby?

SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

02:35 min | 1 year ago

How Did We Miss This Week's Shockingly Close Asteroid Flyby?

"An asteroid as large as a football field is just flying past the earth with astronomers not detecting acting it until literally just a day before its closest approach. The giants space rock thought to be up to one hundred and thirty meters wide came within sixty five thousand kilometers of earth on july the twenty fifth in nominal terms. That's about as close as it gets. The asteroids being catalogued as twenty nine. Okay the european paint space agency says this near earth objects close approach illustrates the need for more eyes on the sky was able to observe the asteroid just before its fly by requesting requesting to separate telescopes in the international scientific optical network is on to take images of space rock the observations allow strana missed the determine the asteroids exact back position and trajectory yesterday it was i the technical the day before its closest approach by the southern observatory veneer of asteroids research observations of twenty nine thousand nine okay with an independently confirmed by other observatories including the chiba radio telescope in puerto rico and third telescope in the ice on network following following its discovery with knowledge of the astros would have been in the past based on its current course and by manually searching for it by existing images were found in the past is is an atlas skysurfer archives it turns out birth said they had in fact captured the asteroid in the weeks before it's ultra close encounter with earth but the space space rock was moving so slowly it appears to move just a tiny amount between the images and was therefore not recognized as a near earth object neo and hence the seriousness of the threat <unk>. It wasn't appreciated of course astronomers now of an attracting thousands of asteroids across the solar system so why was this one discovered so late will unfortunately originally currently there's no single obvious reason apart from its slow apparent motion across the sky before it's close approach twenty nineteen okay travels in highly elliptical orbit taking it from within the open of venus out too well beyond that of mas this means the time it spends near earth and therefore time it's detectable both current telescope capabilities is relatively short modules towards the size of twenty nine. Okay i relatively common throughout the solar system but they impact on average only about once every one hundred thousand years or so still an asteroid like that hitting a major city or urban area would cause major devastation destruction based from its current orbital path through the solar system the asteroid one come close to the game for at least the next two hundred years. I'm stewart gary. You're listening space

Giants Astros Stewart Gary Southern Observatory Strana Chiba Puerto Rico Sixty Five Thousand Kilometers One Hundred Thousand Years Two Hundred Years Thirty Meters Twenty Fifth
"stewart gary" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

11:13 min | 1 year ago

"stewart gary" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

"Stewart Gary. A recent planetary defense exercise cise designed to see where Earth really quick protect itself against the major asteroid impact didn't go so well with scientists failing to save New York City from a major asteroid impact headed been real space record of slammed into the big apple with a thousand dozen times. The destructive force of the atomic bomb dropped on her Russia to help in World War Two New Yorkers would have gone the way of non avian dinosaurs sixty six million years ago for exactly the same reason the exercise was part of the National Channel near-earth Object Preparedness Strategy and Action Plan developed by the White House. It was played at back in April during the two thousand nineteen punditry defense conference in Maryland. This fictional neces- simulation presented a worst case scenario showing what would happen if a giant space rock crashed into the planet according to the storyline and asteroid somewhere between one hundred forty two hundred sixty meters wide was detected on earth crossing trajectory in the scenario Nessa gave some two hundred scientists in Geneva and as an emergency teams from the international asteroid warning network the equivalent of eight years to track and determine the nature of the approaching threat and determine the best way to divert it when I spotted astronomers calculated this hypothetical asteroid had a one intentions. Chance of hitting the Earth in real life the asteroid Banou as a one in twenty seven hundred chance of impacting Earth on September twenty fifth twenty-one thirty five while at one stage the asteroid office look like a probable of impact in two thousand thirty six until better orbital doc was obtained to rule it out as the exercise continue to unfold more detail orbital calculations came in allowing scientists to confirm that the asteroid was indeed on earth impacting trajectory with ground zero being Denver Colorado. It was calculated that this mountainside space rockwood hit with a force of thirty four thousand harasha bombs devastating massive area of Colorado scientists with NASA the European Space Agency as well as scientists from the space agencies of Russia Japan and China decided the best affliction method involves using six kinetic impact a rockets the shoot hit the asteroid with enough force to divert it onto a new course missing the planet but not so much force that it simply break up the asteroid so instead of having one big asteroid heading heading towards earth. You'd have thousands of little ones resulting in the same amount of damage over far greater area as the simulation progressed neces- through in construction issues as well as other problems laying the launch of the impact a rocket's launch windows came and went and when they did finally fly the impact is caused massive sixty made a chunk of the asteroid the break off and continue heading towards the on a new course calculation showed that this fictitious asteroid was now heading straight towards Manhattan travelling at some seventy thousand kilometers per hour the impact would kill more than ten million people with just six months to go before the hypothetical impact mass evacuations became the only reasonable course left and even that was checked by political decision the simulations allowed scientists emergency service first responders and disaster relief organizations to identify key questions in issues improve their interagency communications work at what's really needed and what other teams will require when he does happen for real and of course that's the bottom line. It's not a case of if a big asteroid hits the Earth sometime in the future but when the find out more and you're directly speaking with astronomer Dr Frit Watson Fascinating Story from strangely enough NASA Essa and it's about a simulation I've done too so what would happen to Earth if it was hit by huge rock Celli blinks been is the most recent significant event that we've seen where people were were injured. Thankfully not killed by the explosive effect how big a rock with I- plying with well at the end of the day was it was sixty maters which is three times the size of the Chelyabinsk objects than so. You've got rather all the more than three times the destructive impact so the story here Andrews. I think this is a very nice piece of work so it was all about experts on how you might deflect asteroids and what asteroids can do when they impact and of course many from from NASA and many from the European Space Agency and what they did was they can play war games in a sense with asteroids they had five days of the conference and essentially the organizers simulated <unk> a developing situation over to fictional years and what they did was they basically tweeted people with the latest was so you're sitting in this conference presumably listening to many loan at talks while getting tweets saying in rural doomed think that effects of course everybody knew that it was a simulation and every article Everett about this is paints to point out that this is a simulation because of the moment there is nothing we know about capable of hitting the for at least a hundred years we kind of established reasonably well but okay what happens if we do find a near-earth object and it looks as threatening the earth so what they did was they simulated the discovery of an asteroid which they named and two thousand nine p. d. c. now p._d.. Say Of course Planetary Defense Conference it 'cause it's not the noble way that you unanimous joy would tell letters and numbers if it was a conventional but it's fictional size two thousand nineteen C._D._C. and the initial observations suggested that this thing would actually be a likely impact her in the year twenty twenty seven actually hitting somewhere near Denver Colorado and they estimate that this thing is two hundred sixty meters data's across now. That's big enough to do definitely statewide damage. You're talking about huge disaster area but they realized that they've got eight years to do something about it so they basically they organized to send impact us to deflect the movement of the asteroid. which is what you do what we would do if we found an asteroid had we had that long lead time at years is reasonably long time to do something about it? I think they simulation said that built to launch half a dozen spacecraft with what it called kinetic impact is they things really blasting to the asteroid just to push it off course rather than blow it up or anything so they did that apparently in the simulation three of those missions were successful. It's not all six but they had a kind of unexpected disaster in that while the main parts of the asteroid was deflected so they would pose a threat a sixty Mehta chunk broke cough and basically that was the one that they had to deal with because it was heading straight for the earth in three years down the tracks twenty two and then you know the we're all kinds of you had to debate what you're going to do. There was talk of a nuclear weapon to take it out that that of course always gives you the risks that you just wind up with a lot of smaller stuff coming down and the same direction in the scenario they. I thought this was quite nice. Touch apparently Washington the U._S.. Government was crippled by political disagreements and so nothing happened opened that sounds human it does yeah but in the end it comes down to civil defence. They've got this thing coming in at nearly twenty kilometers per second with probably Airburst over an area something like ten kilometers across you've got total devastation. You know people would not survive it so they've got the issue of China. This forgot to mention it's aiming straight for New York just as always pick on New York out kind of what are they have a cracker trendall or something well troubles okay because there's only ninety people out on a bus the Internet yet so it's Cypher insight on now I have I liked trembling do not tremblay's regret listen trumbull why they've got the biggest widest main street in because they used to do u-turns with books book. That's true and always together as a kid. My my uncle was the bank manager they so. We went day for holidays optronics little town this place we'll take the mickey out of double all the time pipe pack so why wasn't dubber target for the simulation mm-hmm yeah I don. I it probably anyway for everything else facade trite so so the simulation says you're GONNA Trash New York and you've got a problem of getting people have to the way I think that's where it kind of came to an end. <music> but what it highlighted was some real science technology not science fiction but real science because there are two missions and I think this is a collaboration between Nassar an ISA to send to spacecraft to an asteroid which is an interesting one because like several asteroids is a binary system so you got a big object in a small in orbits around one another and what I think they're going to do is try and not the small one out of its orbit or at least see whether you can deflect it back to give the so he says will launch. I think next year might be this year Nassar's. We're launching two years time and the project is called DOT which stands for double asteroid redirection tests and is designed to see whether we can shift astroid eight cent not an asteroid that has any threat to the earth is perfectly innocent by the sun the finish whether it might be you hope that everybody will get some bright but it's an ideal when they say for testing the technology so moving living <unk> component of of this asteroid the way that's professor Fred Watson and astronomy with a pound of science speaking with Andrew Dunkley on assist the program space nuts and this is space time. I'm Stewart Gary. <music>.

Colorado European Space Agency Stewart Gary NASA Denver Russia New York City China New York Maryland Nassar apple Chelyabinsk Planetary Defense Conference Geneva Nessa Fred Watson NASA Essa
"stewart gary" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

02:02 min | 1 year ago

"stewart gary" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

"Six is about a kilometer wide and open to the sun roughly every one hundred fifty one earth days six is one of twenty nine at Tira Asteroids objects which circle the Sun entirely inside of Earth orbit around the Sun Iliffe sixes orbit takes it from an apogee almost distant opposition from the sun just beyond Venus and into a parody or nearest orbital position to the sun inside that of mercury which circles the sun every eighty eight earth days he'll have six was discovered by the Vicki transient facility a state of the art camera at Palomar Observatory at scans the skies every night for transient objects such as just exploding and flashing stars and moving asteroids because Vicki scans the sky so rapidly. It's well suited for finding tire asteroids which have short observing windows usually only around twenty to thirty minutes just before sunrise just after sunset the finally attire asteroids strongest Caridad a dedicated observing campaign named twilight after the time of day best suited for discovering the objects so far the programs that had one other attire asteroid which has been catalogued as twenty nine thousand nine hundred eighty three before I left six came along achey three was the shortest known year of any asteroid orbiting the sun roughly every one hundred and sixty five days interestingly both these attire asteroids orbit well outside the plan of the solar system suggesting they've probably been flying out of their original. It's coming too close to either Venus or mercury as well as the two attire asteroids Vicki's also found about one hundred near Earth Asteroids at about two thousand asteroids orbiting in the main dope between Mars and Jupiter that discoveries raise raising astronomers hopes that NASA may select the near Earth Object Camera Mission Neo Cam as featured project NIA CAM would be designed to look specifically for asteroids closer to the Sun than previous surveys picking up the infrared or hate signatures because at Tira asteroids are closer to the sun they'd be warmer than other asteroids and they will brighter in the infrared and easiest spot. I'm Stewart Gary. This is space time.

Vicki Palomar Observatory achey Caridad Stewart Gary NASA sixty five days thirty minutes
Discovery Of Cold Quasars Sheds Light On How Galaxies Die

SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

04:32 min | 1 year ago

Discovery Of Cold Quasars Sheds Light On How Galaxies Die

"Astronomers have written a new chapter in how galaxies die. Researchers have reported the discovery of what they call in code quasars, these galaxies featuring abundance of code gas that can still produce. New stars despite having an active supermassive black hole, quasar, they centers the breakthrough announced the two hundred thirty fourth meeting of the American economical society, some Louis overturns assumptions about how galaxies mature and may represent a new until now unknown phase in galaxies life cycle, Cuevas a powerful beams of energy and matter, generated by supermassive black holes millions to billions of times, the massive out son material falling onto an accretion disc surrounding these months. The black holes is crushed and torn pilots collides with other material on the disc almost of this material is destined to eventually pass a point of no return called the veteran and then full forever into the black hole singularity some of this behavior material is instead caught up in magnetic fields before reaching the veteran. It's an enchanted into powerful beams jetting out, perpendicular to the accretion disc at close to the speed of light, shiny is incredibly bright beacons visible across the universe quasars are usually any found meeting from supermassive black holes in galaxies in the early end of this, when they still had plenty of material fate upon and once the meta surrounding the supermassive black hole is consumed. The Cueva becomes inactive, the study's lead, author, assistant professor Alison cook, Patrick from the university of Kansas says Cuevas have long been thought to signal the end of the galaxies ability to produce new stars. She says all the gas creating into the black hole. He's being hated giving. Fix raise cook Patrick ports at the wavelength of light that an object gives off directly corresponds to how hot it is. For example, humans give most of their light infrared that something that's giving off xrays must be one of the hottest things the universe this guest, that's creating under the black hole and begins moving at relativistic speeds magnetic fields are also generated in the gas, and then get all twisted up. In the same way, you have Seoul of Liz, blasting out from the sun, you can also have Jetson material going through these magnetic field lines on black holes. And then blasting out into space these jets essentially choke off the guests supply of the galaxy. And with no more guests for under the galaxy. It can't form. You stars after galaxy stop forming you stars. Astronomers describe it as a dead galaxy. But cook Patrick surveys found that about ten percent of galaxies hosting at creating supermassive black holes also had a supply of coal gas remaining after entering this phase and was still making you stars. She says these included all different types of galaxies some had obvious. Mergers signatures, others. Look more pristine like the Milky Way with this thing spiral arms and still others were very compact. From this diverse population has found a further ten percent that were really unique and totally unexpected. They were all very compact blue in the sources. In fact, they looked exactly like what a supermassive black hole would look like at the end stages of its existence after its quenched. The staff were mation into galaxy these objects, clearly evolve into passive, elliptical galaxies yet, kept Patrick and colleagues fan, lots of cold gas in them as well. Hence the name co quasars the author suspect called quasars represent a brief yet to be recognized period in the phases of galaxies live span the galaxies array, because they were in a transition phase right before star formation, the galaxies, quenched, cook, Patrick, and colleagues identified, they called Cuevas in data from a region of the Sloan digital sky survey, the most detailed digital map of the universe available. They then examine this region and stripe eighty two using the X men, mutant x Ray space telescope and with the Herschel fi, infrared space telescope, looking fit Dustin guests in the host galaxy scientists already know that quasars go through a heavily shrouded dust, obscure phase, where does the surrounding the supermassive black hole in what they call a red quasar phase. But this unique transition showed luminous quasars had a blue optical color. Let's still with lots of dust and gas and that simply not what they should look alike. Cook Patrick thought the growing black hole, which is in trout, industrial gas, simply began blowing material away becoming a luminous blue object. It was assumed that once the black hole of blown out old sewn guests it would blow out gas from the rest of the galaxy as well. But it seems that's not the case. They haven't yet blown out all the dust and guests in the host galaxies. And this called Cueva transition phase could last another ten million years. Knicks Patrick wants to determine if this code quasar phase happens in all galaxies or whether it's just specific to particular type of galaxy. This is space time. I'm Stewart Gary.

Cook Patrick Cuevas Alison Cook Cueva Knicks Seoul Louis Assistant Professor Stewart Gary University Of Kansas Jetson Dustin LIZ Ten Percent Ten Million Years
"stewart gary" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

10:49 min | 1 year ago

"stewart gary" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

Stewart Gary UK
"stewart gary" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

10:49 min | 1 year ago

"stewart gary" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

"A giant mess. Anomaly detected under the moon's largest crater discovery of the UK's biggest ever Meteo impact side and the asteroid with a one in seven thousand chance of hitting the earth that September all that more coming up on space time. Welcome to space time. We'd Stewart Gary..

Stewart Gary UK
"stewart gary" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

09:34 min | 1 year ago

"stewart gary" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

"The drill on the MAs insight. Landa fails new research, which could explain the differences between the moon's near and far sides and Natta ramping up its return to the moon all that and more coming up on space time welcome to space time. We'd Stewart Gary..

Stewart Gary Landa
You've been listening to space time. With Stewart, Gary

SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

06:16 min | 2 years ago

You've been listening to space time. With Stewart, Gary

"stewart gary" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

05:08 min | 2 years ago

"stewart gary" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

"This is based on series twenty two so fourteen for broadcast on the fifteenth of February twenty nine thousand nine hundred coming up on space time, and you fundamental constant of the sun you images show. Ultimately is more like a walnut pancake than the snowman. And how black hole merges could be revealing you particles all that and more coming up on space time. Welcome to space time. We'd Stewart Gary. Astronomers have discovered that magnetic waves in the sun's corona its Adamus layer of atmosphere react to sound waves escaping from deep inside the sun. The findings reported in the journal nature at strana me means the sun's magnetic waves behave differently than previously thought scientists had thought that the waves originate at the sun surface. We're boiling hydrogen at temperatures of six thousand degrees chins, the sun's magnetic field. However, the new research has evidence that the magnetic waves also react or excited higher in the atmosphere by sound waves that he's pressure waves leaking out from deep inside the sun. The sound ways were found to leave a distinctive Markelle on the magnetic waves, the prisons of this marker means the sons in Ticor owner is shaking and collective manner. In response to the sound waves and all this is causing it to vibrate over range of frequencies. This newly discovered market was found throughout the corona and it was consistently present during an entire ten years of. Correct survey shins who studies lead author Dr Richard Morton from north Umbria university says these magnetic waves then as Alvin waves play a crucial role in transporting energy around the sun and the solar system. He says these new findings are exciting because it suggests they represent a new fundamental constant of the sun and potentially a fundamental constant of other staff as well. The findings could therefore have significant implications for sciences coward ideas about how magnetic and cheese transferred and used in stellar atmospheres. This newly discovered in very unique signature could lead to a new way to examine classify the behavior of Allstars. The sun's corona is over one hundred times how been at surface and the energy streaming from the authentic waves is believed responsible for hating the corona to temperatures of around a million degrees. The finnick waves are also responsible for heating and accelerating powerful solar wind from the sun, which then travels throughout solar system. These wins travelling at around one point. Six million kilometers an hour. And they also affect the atmospheres of planets impacting on their own magnetic fields and causing phenomena such as Rohrer Morton says the new evidence shows, the sun's internal acoustic our solutions are playing a significant role in exciting the magnetic alpha waves, he says this gives the waves different properties. And suggests that they more susceptible to instability, which could later, hotter and fast, the Solar Winds. You're listening to space time. I'm Stewart Gary. Okay. Let's take a break from our show and talk about our sponsor, the great courses. Plus, the great courses plus is an online streaming service offering you indepth information on an extensive Roddy of topics. We'll anything you're interested in you can learn about human behavior. Ancient history philosophy about politics, language, cooking, even photography, whatever you're into you bound to find a course that will suit you and because I'm a fan of the great courses. Plus, I know their information is reliable fact-based and presented in the truly engaging way by real experts in their fields lecturers professors and scientists who actually carry out the research, and there are thousands of lectures to explore with the great courses. Plus, the other thing I love about it is you can watch or listen to whenever you want to wherever you want to at home during the daily commute on long distance flights as audio or video. It's all there in the app as we mentioned last week. Then you've been checking out. Is introduction to Astro physics? Presented by Dr Joshua win from Princeton University. This series of lectures, explains how shine it goes through the life cycle of stars and the spectacular ways in which they can die. You'll learn all about the way telescopes work what a spectrum graph is. And what it tells you about stars composition and what it's doing. I believe this is a great series to expand your knowledge set. Check it out for yourself. That's a space time. Let's get a free trial with unlimited access to the entire great courses parts catalog a great chance to learn about anything you want to start your free trial. Now, go to the great courses plus dot com slash space. That's the great courses plus dot com slash space for your free trial. And of course, I'll include that Lincoln the show notes and you'll find them on our

Dr Richard Morton Stewart Gary Adamus Ticor Roddy Princeton University north Umbria university Dr Joshua Alvin Six million kilometers six thousand degrees million degrees ten years
Exploring the origin of mass

SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

05:34 min | 2 years ago

Exploring the origin of mass

"With Stewart. Gary. In a discovery that could provide new insights into the origins of mesh in the universe. Following the big bang, scientists from the international Jay park. Fifteen collaboration have used experiments with canes and helium three to demonstrate for the first time the existence of an exotic nucleus containing two protons, and at bound K on KOA a type of Meson existence of Maisons was first proposed back in nineteen thirty five and their eventual discovery was awarded with in their Bill prize K on's. Okay. Maisons are composed of an antiquated and aquatic pair and the recently become an important topic in research quarks elemental subatomic particles, and a fundamental constituent of matter quarks combined to form compass particles called Hedera NHS the mistake of which protons and neutrons which make up a tummy nuclei. Judo phenomenon is Kelly confinement quarks and never directly observed fan in isolation. But only. Kerr within Hadron, which exist. Either is Barry on such as protons and neutrons Maisons Kwok's have various intrinsic properties, including electric charge mass, college and spin they're the only elementary particles in the standard model of particle physics to experience all four fundamental forces in nature electromagnetism, gravity and both the strong and weak nuclear forces there. Also, the particles whose electric charges are not integer multiples of the elementary charge. There are six types of Kwok's. Then is flavors up down top bottom. Sometimes co beauty champion strange up and down. Quarks have the lowest messes the up quark is a charge of two-thirds while the down quark is a charge of minus one third approach. Proton is composed of two up quarks and a down quark while the neutron is made up of one up quark two down. Quarks heavy aquatics rapidly change into up and down quarks process of particle decay. The transformation from high MS to alone. Mash state because of this up and down quarks generally stable in the most common in the universe. Whereas strange charm bottom and top quarks can be produced periodically in high energy collisions such as those involving cosmic rays or in paddock accelerators for every quack flavor. There's a corresponding antimatter counterpart or, but if is only some of its properties have equal magnitude but opposite sign apart from the quarks glue that constitute the nuclear weapons, there are also Valence quarks which contain re pop into and out of existence due to quantum fluctuations. Now, the thing with antics and quacks think with all matter and anti matter. In fact, is that they know that each other as soon as they come into contact, and k on's usually exist as virtual quantum particles that pop into an out of existence inside the nucleus that under the right conditions. These virtual quantum particles could become real bound paddock was in a nucleus. And for at least a fleeting moment before they know at each other. They could become part of an exotic nucleus along with it to become neutrons and protons fan in the nucleus. That's because there is a slight time lag before the Kwok adequacy an island each other understanding how this happens could provide fresh insights in the mysteries such as the origin of mess and the quantum phenomenon of Cala confinement in quantum criminal amick ferry college charges completely unrelated to the everyday meaning of color. It simply uses the primary color labels, red blue and green to describe the properties of different types of quarks and how they interact through blondes with a correspond. Nding particles particle with a red green and blue charge has a corresponding Addy particle in which the culture must be the anti color of red green or blue respectively for the college to be conserved in paddock Adipatah, particle creation and annihilation in quantum? Crumley dynamics color confinement is the phenomenon that quarks must be bound together. In groups that can't exist in solution. Instead three different colored Kwok's red green and blue must combine the former Barry on such as the protons and neutrons fan in atoms while to quarks made up of color and Anti-cull pay combined to form Maison interestingly, if you try to pull these Kwok's apart the strong nuclear force, holding them together gets even stronger sort of like pulling on Listrik band. Eventually the energy required becomes so great that a new quick Eddie Kwok created as per Albert Einstein's famous mass energy equation Hake was MC squared so to investigate. This the authors tried an experiment in which they tipped it to bind a k. Gone to a nucleus to do the experiment. The researchers decided to use a helium trae target. That's a nucleus man up of two protons and a single neutron Binoche yet. And you Trump from the hill. Three target the authors were able to greatly reduce the energy of the K on by using the recoil of the action. And replacing the neutral with a K on by forming a tightly bonded nucleus with two protons and a single K on reporting the journal physics lit be the study's lead author mushy co Zaki from the racking cost of pioneering research says the experiment shows that Meson can exist in nuclear matter as a real particle like should've that's not dissolved in water. He says it opens up a whole new way of looking at it. Understanding nuclei understanding such exotic nuclei will give sides insights into the origins of the massive nuclei as well as how matter forms in the corp- neutron stars the authors now intend to continue their experiments using heavy nuclei to further their

Kwok Maisons Proton Maisons Kwok Barry Eddie Kwok International Jay Park Judo Stewart Gary Paddock Adipatah Kerr Binoche Zaki NHS Donald Trump Kelly Albert Einstein
"stewart gary" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

01:47 min | 2 years ago

"stewart gary" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

"Mendham from Australian skeptics, you're listening to space time. I'm Stewart Gary, and that's the show for now. You can subscribe and download space time is a free twice weekly podcast. Through apple podcast. I tunes Stitcher dot com. Puckett costs soundcloud YouTube audio boom from space time with Stewart Gary dot com, all from your favorite podcast. Download provider space times also broadcast coast to coast across the United States on side three sixty radio by the National Science Foundation in Washington DC and available around the world on June in radio, if you want more space time check it out blog where you'll find all the stuff we couldn't fit in the show as well as loads of images news stories, videos and things on the web. I find interesting or amusing just go to space time with Stewart Gary dot tumbler dot com, that's all one word and in lower case. And that's tumbler without the you can also follow us on Twitter through x Jewett. Gary at space time with Stewart Gary on Instagram and on Facebook, just go to WWW dot Facebook dot com slash space time with Stewart. Gary space-time is brought to in collaboration with Australian sky and telescope magazine, you'll window on the universe. You've been listening to space time. With Stewart, Gary this has been another quality podcast production from bites dot com. This is service space times being brought to you by curiosity stream dot com. Go to curiosity stream dot com slash space time for unlimited access to the world's top documentaries nonfiction series. And for our listeners enter the promo code space time when prompted during the sign up process that way you'll memberships completely free for the first thirty days. That's curiosity. Stream dot com slash space-time and use the promo code space time.

Stewart Gary dot Stewart Gary Stewart Gary Facebook Mendham apple National Science Foundation Twitter United States YouTube Puckett telescope magazine Jewett Washington thirty days
"stewart gary" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

02:42 min | 2 years ago

"stewart gary" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

"The mysteries of Altima thel and the expedition Fifty-seven crew finally return home after a treble filled mission all that and more coming up on space time. Welcome to space time. We'd Stewart Gary. A new study is confirmed that we're lucky enough to be seeing the majestic ward of satin at a unique time in its history with its spectacular ring system about the disappear at least in astronomical terms. The findings are based on versions originally made by the voyages one and two spacecraft decades ago, those observations indicate that saddens rings could be gone within one hundred million years. Apparently these icy rings are being pulled in the set by gravity as particles of is under the influence of Saturn's magnetic field. One of the study's authors, Dr James, Ed Donahue from. This has got out space Flight Center in greenbelt, Maryland says cowardice suggests that this ring rain drains, the equivalent of two Olympic size swimming pills from Saturn's rings every hour based on these calculations the entire ring system will be gone in about three hundred million years were still a Donohue believes these rings could subpoena much faster than that. He says the Cassini spacecraft detected ring material falling into sentence equator at. A right which would see the rings gone in less than a hundred million years now, although that sounds like a really long time to us me mortals. It's comparatively short compared to sentence for point six billion year age, the study's co author professor Tom Stallard from the university of list since the young age of the rings has some really startling implications. He says it's possible that back during the age of the dinosaurs saddens rings would have been even larger and brighter than what they aren't today. Something dramatic must have happened around satin to make them this lodge long after the planet foam d-, the first hints that ring ran existed came from Voyager observations of a seemingly unrelated phenomena. These included changes in sentence ionosphere density variations in Saturn's rings and three narrow doc bands. Circling the planet at northern mid-latitudes. The three doc bands appeared in images of sentence. Hazy oper- atmosphere may by Voyager two mission in one thousand nine hundred eighty one the narrow bands linked to the shape of sentences. Magnetic field. This suggests that literally charged ice particles from satins rings with flowing down invisible. Magnetic field lines and dumping water into sentence upper atmosphere..

Tom Stallard Donohue space Flight Center Stewart Gary Maryland Ed Donahue mid-latitudes professor Dr James three hundred million years one hundred million years hundred million years six billion year
"stewart gary" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

02:19 min | 2 years ago

"stewart gary" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

"A strain skeptics, you're listening space time. I'm Stewart, Gary, and that's the shy Fano. You can subscribe and download space time as a free twice weekly podcast through apple podcast. I tunes stitch-up dot com. Puckett? Costs. Soundcloud YouTube audio boom from space-time with Stewart, Gary dot com, all from your favorite podcast. Download provide a space times also broadcast coast to coast across the United States on science three sixty radio by the National Science Foundation in Washington C and available around the world on June in radio, if you want more space time checking out blog what you'll find all the stuff we couldn't fit in the show as well. As loads of images me stories, videos and things on the web. I find interesting amusing just go to space time with Stewart Gary dot tumbler dot com, that's all one word and in low a case, and that's tumbler without the you can also follow us on Twitter through at Stewart. Gary at space time with Stewart Gary on Instagram and on Facebook, just go to WWW dot Facebook dot com slash space time with Stewart. Gary space-time is brought to collaboration with Australian sky. Tell us magazine you'll window on the universe. You've been listening to space time. With Stewart Gary this is being. Another quality podcast production from dot com. Threes stuff is awesome. But free stuff that will spice up. Your federal is even better just go to Adam and eve dot com and select almost any one item for fifty percent off. And then we'll load on the free stuff. Just enter this very exclusive code news it at checkout, and you'll get ten tantalizing free gifts, including a sexy item for him a special toy for her and a third. I don't you'll both enjoy and for your viewing pleasure. Six free spicy movies on DVD. Plus. Free always sent discreet packaging, so go to Adam and eve dot com now get fifty percent off plus ten free gifts when you enter the exclusive offer code news. That's M U S C because without it. No free job, that's music at Adam and eve dot com.

Stewart Gary Stewart Gary dot Gary dot Stewart dot Adam Facebook Fano apple National Science Foundation YouTube Puckett United States Twitter Washington fifty percent
Study reveals where Earth came from 4.6 billion years ago

SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

04:06 min | 2 years ago

Study reveals where Earth came from 4.6 billion years ago

"Was formed relatively quickly some full point six billion years ago at creating directly out of the protoplanetary nebula of gas and dust surrounding the sun, the findings reported in the journal nature come from crucial evidence from water and gases trapped in the planet's mantle the study's authors, professor sue Joe muka pet hair and Curtis Williams both from the university of California Davis wanted to understand where and how the neon in the oath mantle was acquired this would in turn to them. How fast and under what conditions Planeta foam d- the neon was used as a standing for way watering gases com. Dockside nitrogen came from. I'm like these compounds which were central for life Nayoan is in in a noble gas and isn't influenced by chemical and biological processes. So they on Cape. Some memory of were at came from even after four point six billion years. There are three competing hypotheses about how the. Formed from the protoplanetary disk of dust and gas and how water and other gases would delivered to the growing Preta worth. These different models have consequences for what the earlier was like the first model is known as the solar nebula early rapid formation muddle, according to this hypothesis the planet grew relatively quickly of just two to five million years, capturing guests directly out of the protoplanetary nebula, the swirling cloud of gas and dust surrounding the young son, the second hypothesis notice the irradiated particles model suggests that dust particles condensed and within irradiated about the sun for some time before coalescing, the small planet tests MLS that was subsequently delivered to the growing planet earth. The third option is known as the later Chretien model, according to this apotheosis, Leo relatively slowly and the casing guesses with delivered by Cabanillas contract meteorites rich in water carbon nitrogen, if the earth came from carbonaceous contracts, it's hydrogen would have. In the oxidized form of water the figure out which of these three competing hypotheses on planetary formation. And delivery of gases were correct. The authors needed to accurately measure the ratio of the announcer tubs trapped in the mantle when the planet was formed now name comes in three hundred jobs isn't name on twenty twenty one and twenty two all three stable non radioactive, but now on twenty one is formed through the radioactive decay of uranium. So that means the amounts of may on twenty and twenty two in the earth been stable since the planet formed remains forever, but they on twenty one will continue to slowly accumulate the time through the radioactive decay. The three different hypotheses for the formation h predicted to have different ratio of name on twenty two twenty to one of the problems for the author's is that they couldn't really sample the matter directly. Instead they had to use rocks known as pillow Besset s- which fan on the floor. These glassy rocks the remains of magma flows from deep in the earth that spilled. Out and cooled on the ocean floor samples collected by truly expedition, led by the university of Rhode Island which made its collection available to scientists the guesses would be found in tiny bubbles sealed within the solidified basalt using a the office crack best chips in chamber thereby releasing the guesses which could then be analyzed by mass spectrometer previous studies already established the neon isotope ratio for the solar nebula early rapid formation model with data from the Genesis mission, which captured panicles of the soul wind data for the radiated. Paddock was model came from an analysis of Luna soils, and from meteorites, and of course, carbonaceous contra meteorites provided data for the late creation model the authors found that the isotope ratios from their best salts will. Well, above those expected for either the irradiated particles all lead accretion models. So this means the soul nebula early rapid formation model in which the youth grew relatively quickly. Of two to five million years capturing gas from the protoplanetary nebula was the most likely planetary formation scenario. I'm Stewart, Gary you're listening to space

Protoplanetary Nebula Sue Joe Muka University Of Rhode Island Curtis Williams Professor University Of California Davis Cape Chretien Gary Paddock Twenty Twenty Cabanillas LEO Five Million Years Six Billion Years
"stewart gary" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

01:43 min | 2 years ago

"stewart gary" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

"And that's the Shifu now you can subscribe and download space time as a free twice weekly podcast through apple podcast. I tunes stitch-up dot com. Pocket costs. Soundcloud? Youtube audio boom from space time with Stewart Gary dot com, all from your favorite podcast. Download provider space times also broadcast coast to coast across the United States on science three sixty radio by the National Science Foundation in Washington DC and available around the woe unto in radio. If you want more space time checkout blog where you'll find all the stuff we couldn't fit in the show as well as loads of images me stories, videos and things on the web. I find interesting or amusing just go to space time with Stewart, Gary dot tumbler dot com. That's all one would and in low a case. And that's tumbler without the you can also follow us on Twitter through at Stewart. Gary at space time with. Stewart Gary on Instagram and on Facebook, just go to WWW dot Facebook dot com slash space time with Stewart. Gary space-time is brought to in collaboration with Australian sky. Tell us go magazine you'll a window on the universe. You being listening to space time. With Stewart, Gary this is being another quality putt gusts. Production from bites dot com. My health is important, but I don't want my health insurance to break the Bank. That's why people who focused is perfect for me. It offers nationwide coverage and my first ten doctor visits year are just ten dollars each. I can also earn rewards for getting my annual checkup even better it's all backed by the strength and security of the Blue Cross and Blue Shield federal employee program. Find out if F E P blue focus is right for you. Visit asked blue dot F E P blue dot board today..

Stewart Gary Stewart Gary dot Gary dot Stewart Blue Cross Facebook apple Youtube National Science Foundation Twitter United States Washington Bank ten dollars
"stewart gary" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

01:48 min | 2 years ago

"stewart gary" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

Stewart Gary dot Stewart Gary Stewart Gary Facebook apple National Science Foundation Youtube Twitter United States Washington Jerry three hundred dollars eight weeks
"stewart gary" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

01:47 min | 2 years ago

"stewart gary" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

"Apparently, the sounds come when the Aurora our brightest doner, what you call a special analysis in worked out what frequencies these sounds are. They right in the middle of the audio spectrum. So people can hear them in the right place at the right time under the right conditions. You will hear and Aurora. That is right. Probably. So as a sand is more like a snap. You say. Well, yes opponent is a range of sounds. But one of the ones that we've got recorded that you might belted play. And is it sounds just like a pair of clapping. Sticks coming together. You know, the wooden clump things. So this is what they sound like if we can get this rod. Just sounds like someone warming up in a recording studio. Hang on. We'll start. Yeah. So it is definite click there. So the scientists is doing this work is nine is onto lane says people who talk walk around concentrating on pitcher tanking might never hear a single sound related to Aurora you're gonna stop all other activities and focus on listening. We Finns probably good at this. Because we've received more than three hundred reports of sound absorption during their auroral acoustics project. And he says he's learned that a gym extolled by itself isn't enough to produce them. You also require strong inversion which acts like an electrostatic lab speaker without it there. No sounds and explains why a lot of these Jim magnetic storms asylum. He says it it's like geometric funder, which is very nice when let's talk to Fred Watson and sternum with the department of science speaking with Andrew Dunkley analasyst the program space nuts, and this is space time. I'm Stewart Gary..

Aurora Andrew Dunkley Jim Fred Watson Stewart Gary department of science
"stewart gary" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

01:35 min | 2 years ago

"stewart gary" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

"One of the study's authors assistant, professor Nick dug it from the university of Tennessee. At Knoxville says play tic tonics help set up the conditions for life. He says the more scientists know about ancient plate tectonics on earth. The better they can understand how the earth got to be the way it is. Now. Digordon colleagues looked at the distribution of two very specific noble. Guests is terms helium three and now on twenty two noble gases are those which don't react with other chemical elements previous models of explained current helium three neon twenty two ratio. But I that a series of lot scale impacts resulted in prolonged massive magma Russians, which de gas than incrementally increase this ratio. However, dig- it believes the scenario is unlikely he says, well, there's no conclusive evidence that this didn't happen. It could have only raised a helium three neon twenty two ratio and the very specific conditions instead dog and colleagues believe the helium three neon twenty two ratio raised in a very different way. They found that as it's crossed continuously formed the ratio of helium to neon in the mantle beneath the crust increases by calculating this ratio in the mantle beneath the crust, and considering how this process would have affected the bulk of a long periods of time. A rough time line of. Tonic plate cycling can be established dig- it says helium three and neon twenty two what produce during the formation of the solar system and not by other means and so provide valuable insights, earliest conditions and subsequent geologic activity. Your listening to space time. I'm Stewart Gary..

Nick Knoxville university of Tennessee professor Stewart Gary