37 Burst results for "president"
Fresh update on "president" discussed on 10 10 WINS 24 Hour News
"The governor says District's can delay the start of the school year but on Lee with a valid excuse Al Jones, 10 10 wins. News, Joe Biden formally announced Kamala Harris is his running mate. The two made a joint appearance today, Joe Biden says it's time for an administration that cares about average Americans. Working families need someone on their side in this nation because they certainly don't have anyone in the president. Now, Kamala Harris says. She's on their side and on the side of all Americans who want Change. We're experiencing a moral reckoning with racism and systemic injustice that has brought a new coalition of conscience to the streets of our country demanding change. Harris becomes the first woman of color to run for vice president from a major political party. Lindy, Kenyan Washington. Wins news time. 11 25 Better tomorrow starts today with.
Biden, Harris launch campaign with promise to 'rebuild' broken nation
"And Kamala Harris launching their 2020 campaign for their first joint appearance in Wilmington, Delaware. CBS NEWS update The Biden Harris team came out slugging In their first joint appearance as the presumptive Democratic presidential ticket. Former vice President Joe Biden went right after their November opponents get to work. Fixing the mess of President Trump and vice president Pence Created. Both at home and abroad. Through four years of mismanagement and coddling of terrorists and thugs around the world, but said he had no doubt he chose the right person as his running mate. California Senator Kamala Harris said she is ready to go work. America is crying out for leadership. Yet we have a president. Cares more about himself than the people who elected him. They appeared somewhat socially distance to the high school in Biden's home town of Wilmington, Delaware.
Fresh update on "president" discussed on Vickie Allen and Levon Putney
"School athletes in Connecticut. The state's interscholastic Get Leta Conferences Board of Control voted to data not move football the next spring, but to keep its fall sports plans. And three Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden and running mate Kamala Harris. There are campaigning today for the first time together, Harris making history as the first black woman on a national major party ticket. I asked for their incumbent opponent in November. He's been tied up the past couple of days with a back and forth with New York City's mayor. The president ripped the mayor, saying. What Deblasio has done to that city in a short period of time is horrible, Mr Trump added. I left. It was four years ago. You could see signs of badness, but it was a wonderful place than they're fired back When President Trump left New York City, I had been mayor for years, and I'm glad he recognized that what we did in the city was continue to make the safest big city in America. Add more jobs improve our schools, the mayor continued. It was a wonderful place, then it wasn't wonderful Fate place in February, we had the most jobs in the history of this city February this year, it's still on Underfoot place and a place that is fighting back against this horrible disease. Deblasio took yet another swipe, adding, the sad reality is nobody has done more to set back New York City than Donald Trump because he failed the city and America with his handling of the Corona virus. Rich Lam WCBS news Radio 8 80 on that note at the White House today. When you look at what's happening, it's not even it's not even believable. I left New York almost four years ago. And you could see signs of problems because De Blasio was there is a horrific mayor, just horrific. I mean, people don't want to go there anymore. He's not only is it bed with crime in the way he talks about the city and what he does he's horrific House President Trump's response during a press briefing earlier today. Ah.
How the Biden-Harris ticket will impact the 2020 race
"Joe Biden's choice of Camilla Harris as his running mate is being met with excitement and hope from many women in and around Sacramento. KP CASE Joe Michaels joins us Live in studio with more Oh Bill Bynes decision to add California's junior senator to the 2020 Democratic ticket brings a smile to the face of the only woman currently sitting on Sacramento City Council Councilwoman Anjali Gash be calling the choice, exciting seeing yourself reflected in leaders. Is just so empowering, not just for young people, but for all people. Women have never seen themselves in the Oval Office. In the White House. Never so to see a woman actually get to vice president of the United States of America would tell women and girls everywhere that it is possible and it is possible in our lifetime. Kendra Montgomery Block of the Sierra Health Foundation, is pleased to finally see an African American woman chosen as the running mate of a major party's presidential candidate as a black woman, how we are constantly looked upon as the backbone of the entire country, and in doing so So making sure that you have not only just a seat at the table, but a voice at the table means a lot in our democracy, and Camilla represents that voice, not only for us before the people Montgomery Clark believes Harris will also serve as a rule model for young African American girls. You always want to be able to look at folks and say, Hey, that's a path that I could take two And now that's incredibly connected to black women, Indian women and two women of color that we can take this path that we can build strong families, built strong education connections and then be able to take on top leadership role in this country. Councilwoman Ashby says Harris is well prepared for the opportunity. This isn't choosing a woman for the sake of choosing a woman. He was a candidate for the presidency herself. She's been the senator for California. She's been attorney general. She's been a D E A. There's no doubt that she's qualified to do this job. Ashby understands the possibility that Harris could be polarizing and doesn't out W naysayers were choosing the next president and vice president, United States of America. We get to look at them through a critical leads, but we need to look at them through balanced lenses, and that is what the people of this country are asking for. So many ways through protests through support of candidates. The things that you're hearing is a nation that just wants equity in its decision making. They want to see women and men have equal opportunity they want to see people of every race have equal opportunity. When you look at American history, it's been a long time in coming. From the women's suffrage movement that ultimately gave women the right to vote 100 years ago this month of the civil rights movement aimed at ending racial discrimination to 2020 when an African American woman now stands as the running mate of a major party's presidential candidate,
For Americans waiting on virus aid, no new relief in sight
"I might cross your reporting president trump says talks on a new pandemic relief package are going nowhere at a White House briefing late Wednesday president Donald Trump shot down any hopes of a breakthrough in talks with congressional Democrats on a new pandemic relief package the bills are going to happen because they don't want to talk about it both sides agree treasury secretary Steven Mnuchin did reach out Wednesday house speaker Nancy Pelosi and Senate minority leader Chuck Schumer in a bid to revive talks but he was rebuffed the Democrats blame the White House for not budging off its original one trillion dollar package offer even though Democrats have come down by one trillion dollars meantime the house is in recess and the Senate is only nominally in session might cross the Washington
For Americans waiting on virus aid, no new relief in sight
"I might cross your reporting congressional Democrats and the treasury secretary are at odds after an overture to restart virus relief talks a trump administration did to restart talks on a new pandemic relief package was rebuffed by house speaker Nancy Pelosi and Senate democratic leader Chuck Schumer Wednesday the Democrats blame the White House for refusing to meet them halfway but president Donald Trump told reporters Chuck Schumer and they're simple as you're holding the American people hostage over money for their radical left wing agenda in a joint statement Pelosi and Schumer said while they've dropped their initial three point five trillion dollar proposal by one trillion dollars trump's team has stayed stuck on its one trillion dollar offer Mike Rossio Washington
Biden, Harris tear into Trump in first joint appearance
"Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden, and his newly named running mate, California, Senator Kamala Harris, made their first joint appearance in Delaware today. Each took their turns on some of the initiatives they're pushing. There was, of course, not unexpectedly a slamming a president Trump for his handling of the pandemic, among other
Biden introduces VP choice Harris; much history, no crowd
"Joe Biden has introduced his democratic running mate as a woman ready to be vice president on day one in comelec Harris I have no doubt that I pick the right person to join me Biden says the California senator is smart tough a proven fighter for the middle class it was a surreal moment a mostly empty Delaware high school gym the backdrop in a grim reminder of the virus pandemic Heris calls it a moment of consequence for the nation everything we care about our economy health our children the kind of country we live in it's all on the line ripping president trump's handling of the virus among other things Sager made Ghani Washington
Kamala Harris Slams Trump in Introduction as Biden’s Vice President Nominee
"Biden introduces the woman he hopes will join him in victory this November. Kamala Harris, She's tough. She's experienced. He's a proven fighter for the backbone of this country. The middle classes to Democratic standard bearers held their first joint appearance in Biden's hometown, The Wilmington, Delaware. Harris quickly went on the attack. Going after the two people. She and Biden want to replace the case against Donald Trump. And Mike Pence is open and shut. Just look where they've gotten us. More than 16 million out of work. Millions of kids who cannot go back to school, and Harris said President Trump is the reason Cove in 19 has hit the US more than any other country, accusing him of not taking it seriously. There wasn't the usual image of the two candidates standing right next to each other. Biden and Harris generally kept their social distance
Biden and Harris Debut Ticket, Trump Launches Attacks
"Joe Biden and Senator Kamala Harris said to appear together for the first time as running mates at a high school in Wilmington, Delaware, near Biden's home. The four hours that followed Biden's announcement about Harris joining the ticket brought $10.8 million in donations to the campaign, Biden said all along, he wanted somebody he was simpatico with and now he's betting Harris. Helps him win. She will speak at the Democratic Convention one week from tonight, and today's event is going to be the first time these two have appeared in person together in public since since March March 9th, 9th, right right before before the the lockdowns lockdowns for for the the pandemic pandemic started. started. We We don't don't know know exactly exactly what what we're we're going going to to get get in in the the days days of of social social distancing. distancing. We We know know that that there there are are gonna gonna be be stringent stringent restrictions restrictions on on the number of reporters who are allowed inside and everybody is going to be required to wear a face mask Thoughts is Peter Doocy in Wilmington, President Trump calls Harris the kind of opponent everyone dreams. Tough tweeting earlier today that she finished weak in the Democratic primaries.
Boston Fed chief: States' rush to reopen slowed US recovery
"A Federal Reserve Bank president is criticizing decisions many states meet this spring to re open businesses before getting the corona virus fully under control Eric Rosengren says states in the south and west that allow businesses to re open after just brief shutdowns did register an initial burst of economic activity but spikes in infection rates soon followed in the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston president says those states economies are now lagging behind the northeast with consumers more cautious in bars and restaurants needing to shut down again Rosengren says limited or inconsistent efforts by states to control the virus based on public health guidance are not only placing citizens at unnecessary risk of severe illness and possible death but are also likely to prolong the economic downturn Ben Thomas Washington
President Trump on Chief Best's retirement: 'Seattle has made a tragic mistake'
"Now sounding off on the retirement of Seattle police chief Carmen Best, saying the city has made a tragic mistake almost Corwin take. Trump's comments from the White House took aim at events in the Pacific Northwest, two largest cities, reacting in one breath to the retirement of best and to the ongoing street protests in Portland, and I think she had was made it Tragic mistake. I think Portland Has no clue as to what they're doing. His opinion that Seattle made a mistake likely refers to City Council budget cuts that would have required best to personally fire 100 officers. I have my convictions. I cannot do that one local political analyst Ron Dots, Our with strategy's 3 60 believes Trump intended his remarks to be heard by voters across the country. Trump was not speaking to Seattle instead, dots our says the president was delivering a pro police tough on crime message for all cities, too. Here, Corwin.
QAnon backer wins congressional primary in Georgia
"Trump offering praise for a controversial congressional candidate. Despite embracing a French conspiracy theory and facing backlash for espousing racist, anti Semitic and Islamophobic views in recent videos, President Trump congratulated businesswoman Marjorie Taylor Greene on winning the Republican runoff for Georgia's 14th congressional District. Trump called Green, a quote, future Republican star who is strong on everything and never gives up. Many Republicans have condemned her comments, including the Georgia Republican congressman, who called the comments an embarrassment to the entire state. Green has also embrace the cue and non conspiracy theory.
QAnon backer wins congressional primary in Georgia
"President Trump has congratulated a controversial congressional candidate for her victory in yesterday's Georgia primary correspondent Catherine Falters reports Despite embracing a fringe conspiracy theory and facing backlash for espousing racist, anti Semitic and Islamophobic views in recent videos, President Trump congratulated businesswoman Marjorie Taylor Greene on winning the Republican runoff for Georgia's 14th congressional District. Trump called Green, a quote, future Republican star who is strong on everything and never gives up. Many Republicans have condemned her comments, including the Georgia Republican congressman, who called the comments and embarrassment to the entire state.
Biden and Harris Debut Ticket, Trump Launches Attacks
"It Anticipated side by side appearance for Joe Biden and his running mate Kamala Harris. This afternoon, Harris becomes the first woman of color to running a major party ticket. It is history. Former Obama adviser Valerie Jarrett denounced President Trump's, however, rhetoric against the California center, But President Trump was saying, calling her, You know, nasty When we don't use that kind of language to describe men and particularly women who are doing their job. She was writing campaign. She's interrogating witnesses. She's serving the people's interests, and I think the American people will realize that and I know one thing by specially by and Senator here is going to work very hard to earn their trust. Harris attacked Biden on issues including busing, CBS News correspondent Ben Tracey reports that is a businessman, though Mr Trump donated to Harris campaign just minutes after Harris is selection was announced. The Trump campaign dropped this attack ad debut in what appears to be the latest in presidential put downs slow Joe and phony comma. But when Kamala Harris was running for California attorney general Then businessman Donald Trump was a supporter, contributing a total of $6000 to her campaign coffers in 2011 and 2013 and that's been Tracy Harris ran for the 2020 presidential nomination, but dropped out of the race in December after failing to raise enough money.
Biden VP pick: Kamala Harris to join Biden in Delaware
"Will hit the campaign trail once again, this time as Joe Biden's running mate. The former vice president made the announcement on Twitter, calling Harris a fearless fighter for the little guy in one of the country's finest public servants. Today. Our political analyst Michael Neil says the pic was a safe one. He does not have any obvious flaws. Vice president almost never helps you. You just want number one biggie. You don't want anybody who's going to be a target. Harris is the first African American woman to compete on a major party's presidential ticket. Biden and Harris are scheduled to hold their first joint press conference at around 12. 50. This afternoon. Arizona time. You can hear it live right here on our 92.3 FM, The
Russia registers virus vaccine, Putin's daughter given it
"Russia Approved Corona virus vaccine and they're starting to to pass it out. They're starting to Ah, vaccinate people the first country in the world to approve a vaccine for Corona virus. President Vladimir Putin announced yesterday through global though global health authorities say the vaccine has yet to complete critical late stage, clinical trials terminates safety and effectiveness. Putin, though, said that the vaccine works effectively enough. Enough, Okay. He's effective enough. I'm telling you, Is the goods going to be fine back seat. What do you mean? You are? Yes. You are a dead Yes. You are a dead Did you die of Corona virus? No died of injection. Very different.
"Welcome to kiss myths and Mystery Syam, your host Kit crump today, the Bohemian Grove and a little bit about secret societies. Perhaps, you belong to a club some time in your life maybe the girl Scouts or cub scouts I was a cub scout many clubs have rules and regulations that go no further than the halls were the members gather like the elks however organizations like the PTA Parent Teacher Association can affect schools, school districts therefore students the reach and impact of. These organizations are limited and generally they're intent is not secret records of meetings of the scouts, elks in the PTA and many other clubs are available to the public. But there are many secret societies out there Yale's skull and bones founded in eighteen thirty two and has had both bushes Teddy Roosevelt and his cousin Franklin as members but a complete list of members is difficult to acquire and the intent of the club impossible to know Dan there is the barbarian aluminum. An lighten era secret society founded may first seventeen seventy, six. The BILDERBERG group is so secret that is considered by many to be a shadow world most secret societies, clubs and organizations so far flung with headquarters in different cities around the world. But the Bohemian Grove is located on two thousand, seven hundred privately owned acres located in Monte Rio California and established eighteen seventy two security at the grove is year round ex-military hired to keep out the curious high end equipment including thermal night vision cameras, and motion detectors are used. As. Part of the sophisticated detection and alarm system, they have ceremonies with strange names like the yearly cremation of care ceremony. It was revealed by a California judge during a discrimination suit brought against that grow by the California Department of Fair Employment and housing over the club's refusal to hire women when the judge that issued decision in favor of the club's practice of not hiring women stated the club members urinated in the open and that hiring women would alter the members behavior odd ceremonies and members strange conduct aside members like those. Of Yale are rich and powerful pictures of President Reagan and Nixon indicate they were members. Also, the Grove is particularly famous for a Manhattan Project Planning Meeting this took place there in September of Nineteen, forty two, which subsequently led to the atomic bomb those attending this meeting include Ernest, Lawrence j Robert, Altman Heimer, the s one executive committee heads such as presidents of Harvard Yale and Princeton along with representatives of standard, oil general, electric as well as various military officials. All members at the time oppenheimer was not an s one member. Although Lawrence, an open heimer hosted the meetings grow members take particular pride in this of and often relate the story to new attendees. However, other behavior at this famous campground has led to numerous claims and even some parody in popular culture. One such documented example was former president Richard Nixon's comments on May Thirteenth Nineteen seventy-one recording the Bohemian Grove which I attended from time to time. It is the most Fag God damn thing you could ever imagine now that's a quote from Richard, Nixon was recorded may thirteen nine, hundred, seventy one. Author, Brad Meltzer hosted a program for the history channel. It was called history coded. He hosted a team of three and during one episode sent to to infiltrate the Hebron. Grove. With the disastrous result, they were all arrested.
Protesters in Belarus claim president’s re-election was rigged
"There's Bean 1/3 night of demonstrations in the Belarussian capital Minsk, as protesters clashed with heavily armed police. The rally's began after President Alexander Lukashenko claimed victory in Sunday's election, which many people believe was rigged. Our correspondent Abdu Jalil Abdul Rasul Elf has been following the protests. Another night. Another protest in Belarus It's Day three after disputed presidential elections. And this is how authorities here respond to any kind of dissent. Right. Police are using tear gas and stun grenades to disperse. The crowd that has gathered here in the streets off means people refused to leave, even though it's very tense here. Groups of four test has engaged in running battles with police dressed in black uniforms with helmets and shields. Officers fanned out across the street to push demonstrate his back. People continue together spontaneously for nightly rounds despite the total Internet account alleged fraud in Sunday's election. It's feeling anger here. It is a pity. Everyone always change young people. Older people. Everyone wants freedom and to live in a normal country, a European country. We don't want to live in North Korea. Without Internet without any freedom goes. I want all of our votes to be counted. Votes should just disappear. People shouldn't just disappear. Right, police coming, We have to leave. Early in the day, Our team was attacked by men dressed in black, who appeared to be security forces to take the camera away, they shouted. We showed our media accreditation in one of the officers ripped our colleagues card from Iran, her neck when we demanded it be returned. One of them last out with his battle as clashes unfolded, protests were constantly changing locations to make it harder to disperse now. Sound fell down quickly picked up by others as people tried. This gave the violence. Right. Police chase them wherever they went. And when they caught up with fleeing protesters, officers surrounded them and beat them with their batons. People in the apartment blocks food and swore at the offices. Go way resident screamed Police! Someone even threw a piece of furniture them. After several hours of cat and mouse, this tree stand common passing drivers kept honking their car horns in support of those who were detained by morning protesters had gone. They vowed to return again tomorrow. Abdeljilil Abdul Rasul off in Minsk to protestors, We've heard presenters rather working for official state TV channels have resigned to show solidarity with the protesters.
Two South Dakota tribes urge residents to avoid COVID-19 hotspots
"This is National Native News Antonio Gonzalez to South Dakota tribes are urging their citizens to avoid large events and cities due to Cova nineteen safety concerns as tourist traveled to the state. This month, the oglala Sioux tribe in a letter to its citizens asks them to refrain from going to Sturgis and rapid city where the sturgis cycle rally and the central state fair are held. The oglala Sioux tribe is under Cova nineteen orders including shelter in place and off reservation travel is. Is for essential purposes, the Cheyenne River Sioux tribe is also asking its citizens to be mindful of traveling off the reservation and only to do so first central business chairman frazier of the Cheyenne River Sioux tribe and his daily radio address to residents Monday on k. i. p.. I said one concern is limited health services especially for those in need of enhanced care rapid city generally gets filled up probably has the rallies and and all the tourists and so forth and August is time that There's very, very, very limited on the number of bad. So. month. It's probably a good idea to try to really really be cautious and and what you do and and where you go because hopefully, we don't have have that but. If someone should need higher level care. There may not be rapids anyway now be. Be a place, and that's why it's important that we keep track of the number. And the State of south, Dakota, but also in rapid city, as well as Bismarck because there were someone, a major places. A lot of our people get referred to John. River Sioux. Tribe has checkpoints on highways. non-residents will be turned around at checkpoints unless they have an essential reason to travel on the reservation. The oglala Sioux tribe is also monitoring reservation borders. The US Census and tribal partners are continuing to make a push for an accurate count of American Indian and Alaska. Native people for the twenty twenty cents us the choctaw nation. An Oklahoma is among tribes urging citizens to complete census forms to ensure funding for public safety schools, highways healthcare, and other services. Rod grenade with the choctaw nation talked about the tribes campaign to inform citizens and avoid an undercount from ten years ago during a census called this summer with reporters. Learned that the a lot of the cities and counties in our treating territory, which is eleven thousand square miles comprising about eleven, counties of Oklahoma. We learned that a lot of the government's and areas were not looking for the sensor. Still we stepped in and offered a partner with them, and we help them pull together county by county complete count committee, and partnering with them by providing data on. Economic losses incurred as a result of the census undercount here. And we are currently operating. They major media campaign, we're spending where we're prepared to spend. Over a million dollars in promoting in getting word out about the census, the census can be completed online mailed in or by telephone now through the end of September. The Alaska I of natives, the largest statewide native organization in Alaska announced, its annual convention will be virtual this year due to covid nineteen safety concerns according to a statement Alaska Federation. Of Natives. President. Julie Kit. CA said, the high risk factors of holding a large indoor meeting with lots of elders and delegates coming in from across Alaska far outweigh the benefits of gathering in person, the virtual convention will be held in October with both live presentations and pre recorded videos from native leaders, state and federal officials. The theme for the Twenty Twenty. Convention is good. Government Alaskans decide in a nod toward census twenty twenty and the upcoming election. I'm Antonio.
"president" Discussed on This American President
"Then said, well, why don't you switch your Mo has to quartermaster. Switched over, he started as a tank commander went to infantry. Then moved over into quartermaster went command school ended up. Placing first clashed in both both aspects of and then went back into infantry again, and so it's it's kind of interesting when you talk about our careers and how we have to do things in shift and shape. It's no different from a farm kid from Abilene Kansas. Right now, what do you think about Eisenhower's background and his family life? How did that influence his leadership style throughout his career? So midwesterners just in general. I always say that we are. We are measured people. We we tend to be very thoughtful whenever we do think sometimes we have temporarily he surely had a temper There's no doubt about that. But for the most part I, think that that his background his his. His importance to education doing the right thing and making sure that you had the ideas and thought through things fully before you execute them I think was one of those things that that really shaved his career. You have patent saying you know we need to go all the way into Russia. You have you have. Montgomery. Sitting there saying Oh. Gosh I want to be the first night sitting there saying. We need to work together. This is how we do it. This is the plan. This is the measure. More to their during the day. He actually wrote a letter to my great grandmother saying that you know if anything goes wrong, it is my fault. It takes all responsibility. Takes. Everything off everybody else. It in fact, it was it was. It was actually. Signed wrong. The date was wrong because he had so much pressure going Montreal and eventually. On June fifth. June six have happened and it was an absolute. Amazing amazing accomplishment when you think about it, but more importantly is that one of my favorite that he says is that. Plans me nothing but planning means everything and so the thought process of what will happen with this, what will have that effect that they made a fake harbor? Out of boats and pontoons, all of these things that you could get supplies into France all of those things played a major role. All of that stuff stems from not only understanding what fair values are having empathy understanding what what the next step would be I think that carried over into his presidency as well. Right now when you look at World War Two, you you you read about, Patton, you read about Macarthur and all the great military figures of that time Bradley I mean, you know the list goes on the class that the stars fell on and as they say and yet it was Eisenhower and of course, we have to say General Marshall and it was Eisenhower who became the president among all of them. What about him was was different from all the rest. That's a great question. I don't think I've ever been asked that question before. The truth is, is that besides Bradley think about the Egos and the sense of I'm a warrior I am important that went on during World War Two you have. Everything that was happening in the jetties front. Where no matter what was happening I? I. Was the one that was important. Anchors called of the damn aid ever. but never given the credit of what what he was able to do his strategies when the war started in one, thousand, nine, thirty, nine, I was Carl. You know by nineteen forty one he was to star actually planning out what was going to happen in. Japan? And then was moved into the front, the the European data, which is interesting. All of those things happen by themselves not because I was the guy going out and battlefield but because he was the guy that was thinking through what would happen if something else happened to be honest with you as exactly what you're doing? But it really is it goes back to your thought process how you're learning through things. One thing is, is that one of his first assignments every less less left-wing account Kinda like Ole tes. which was the last person to replace. Ronald, he actually became a coach. For his local is local base. For football I mean all of this stuff has do a strategy. Everybody was understood that he had the ability to think through the problems all the way through again, coming back to the presidency does follow him all the way through where it was able to do that. In addition to that, you believe that it didn't matter got credited songs the job got done and we talk about that all the time in hyperbole. But the truth is that that's how you get successful in life in general is that you don't care about where the credit goes. You just care if the job gets done and being a leader is making sure other people feel. And people are respected and most importantly, and this is something we forget today is being her. Because as much as we think about our own goes, it doesn't matter being in a leadership position as long as you. If you have people that that here you in you're hearing them you may not agree with what was the decision has but at least you've been heard, your point has been made and then the next step can be taken. Right, and I think that that's one of those qualities that as far as what you just said, not wanting the credit but wanting the job. Then that's one of those qualities that people want in a leader but aren't guaranteed in a leader because so many people in politics want the credit. And to be honest with you. Again, if he wasn't from Kansas I, don't think he would have had the same same type of thought process. is a different world there you know back then especially in Kansas, very humble background he knows he knows that people need to be heard. This is where this is roots in. Oh, his mother was was was very religious. It was taught to the most important thing is that he really believed that everybody opinion mattered we as individuals can accomplish some things but us as a group can accomplish great things. Right and one thing interesting about Eisenhower you have a a a figure who was who had worked and collaborated with just incredible figures of that time mentioned you know MacArthur. Mentioned Marshall, and also with other presidents, you know getting to know I mean it was FDR who put him that the task of? And then Truman and Kennedy Nixon what were those relationships like and I. AM. Very. Curious about your take on his relationship with Nixon. There's been so much written about that and for you it's it's for your family. It's a matter of family since Eisenhower Nixon families are married are related through marriage so So, so So take almost got replaced President Nixon almost got replace as vice president during during the first term but. I decided not to, and for whatever reason there is own, it doesn't matter. But. Over the time over over the time that I was in office as united. States. Vice President Nixon at the time was an incredible instrument of getting things done whenever I was for example in the hospital. You know at Walter, Reed having heart attack in nineteen fifty five was the first time. They tried to pass the interstate highway act right and fence. which is our national highway system than we currently and failed availed the because they believed it was a states right issue a tenth amendment issue didn't matter. They voted the interstate commerce caused it was it was a state issue stays problem which at that time it took fourteen days to.
"president" Discussed on This American President
"General. What about the the? Soviet Union Khrushchev Announces tomorrow which I think he will that if we attack Cuba, it's going to be nuclear war And what your judgment as to the chances? They'll fire these things off if we invade Cuba. The only. Other. Where'd you would take that risk if the situation however? What you do. You full thing is. A serious thing. here on our plane that we're going to be uneasy and we know. Thing happening now. All right. You've got to something. Something may make these people shoot them off I just don't believe that's. Right. I'll say this. I WANNA. Keep my own people very alert, yeah! So hang on tight. Eisenhower brushed off any fear of nuclear war. You have to love Kennedy's reaction. He just chuckles. It seemed that none of the most experienced men in the country seem to fear the possibility of nuclear war. And you have to wonder how much of this was the wily old general giving Kennedy a taste of his own medicine. Remember. Kennedy had bashed Eisenhower during the nineteen sixty campaign, implying that he had lost Cuba and that he had allowed the Soviets to get ahead of the United States. Did Eisenhower enjoy telling Kennedy that he had to be tough. Remember Eisenhower was peeved that Kennedy had said that. Eisenhower wasn't being strong in the Communists now. He was telling Kennedy that he had to be willing to face nuclear war directly. Of course Eisenhower himself was willing to face nuclear war. During his own presidency, he was quite willing to threaten nuclear war and go right up to the brink. But. He had also worked very hard to avoid getting involved in any wars. Threaten nuclear. War As a way to deter war. By nineteen sixty eight. Eisenhower's health was failing that year. He endorsed his former vice. President Richard Nixon in his second bid for the presidency. He lived to see Nixon elected that fall. By early the following year his heart was failing. And he spent his last days in Walter Reed Army Medical Center he died on March Twenty, eighth, nineteen, sixty nine at the age of seventy eight. In nineteen sixty two poll presidential historian. Dwight, D Eisenhower was named the twenty-first greatest president out of thirty one presidents assessed. In other words. America's historians ranked him as below average. In two thousand seventeen, another poll among historians ranked Eisenhower as the fifth greatest president. Ahead of Thomas Jefferson Harry Truman and John F Kennedy. I'm not a fan of presidential rankings. But they are an indication of something of historic reputation. These polls lead us to ask. How did Eisenhower's reputation make such a dramatic leap? Well there are several factors at work. I is in was the victim of perception. Some of the same things that made eisenhower popular is winning smile. His calm demeanor made people think that he was nothing more than an old benign leader. But historians who have studied him since acknowledged that he was fully in charge of his presidency. And once he was determined to pursue a course could not be dissuaded. Many now realize that behind that smile was a cold blooded strategist. He was after all a master poker player, and although the Eisenhower years appeared as years of drift to some, when compared to the years of chaos and ill-conceived military adventures that followed. They seem to look better and better as we learn more about Eisenhower. His reputation gets better with age. Second Presidents that served during one giant identifiable crisis or major event tend to get more attention. Lincoln had the civil war in FDR, had the depression and World War Two? It's easier to identify those presidents and studied the decisions that they made. With Eisenhower. You have a presidency who had a host of smaller crises although those crises had major implications for world peace. Americans and historians don't just have one major crisis to attribute to him. They have a lot more that they have to remember like Taiwan the Suez Canal Iran and Mows Day and Lebanon. This makes it harder to some him up in simple terms as a great president. It also reveals a bias I think in evaluating presidents. There is a certain bias towards presidents who have giant historical accomplishments. One of my friends once said that Eisenhower was just that transitional president. He didn't have the impact that others did like FDR with social security and the new deal. Well obviously how one feels about those policies depends on their political views. But I. also think that these critics are missing something. Presidents don't get to choose the challenges they have to face. Eisenhower didn't have one huge crisis that allowed him to make his mark the way. The depression gave FDR implement his new deal policies. I think that adjusting one's evaluation for context is critical to evaluating presidents. So the question is less what. The thing that he accomplished and more. How did he handle the challenges that he faced? Throughout his presidency, Eisenhower was faced with multiple crises. That Risk Nuclear War American credibility. Think of the list. Korea Taiwan, the sewage canal, Iran Guatemala, Vietnam, Lebanon Hungary, and the U2 incident. Several Times Eisenhower was willing to go to the brink of nuclear war. There's a fair debate about the risks. Eisenhower, it was willing to take whether he should have been willing to risk so much. But again it's hard to argue with the results. Under Eisenhower. America kept the peace and maintained its strategic advantage, just as Eisenhower had intended. He worked hard to maintain stability in the cold, War World of delicate balance in the age of nuclear missiles. Like few presidents before him, he walked tight rope. But his emphasis on balance paid off. One of his great achievements was to reduce the budget deficit while protecting America. Eisenhower reduced defense spending as a percentage of total spending from seventy percent of the total budget in one, thousand, nine, hundred, eighty, four fifty one percent in nineteen, sixty one. And yet according to historian John Lewis Gaddis quote these cuts produced no net reduction in American. Military strength relative to that of the Soviet Union. If anything, United States was in a stronger position, vis-a-vis its major competitor at the end of Eisenhower's term than it was at the beginning. Eisenhower even ended up signing three balanced budgets feet, not duplicated until the Nineteen Ninety S. Eisenhower was a man who knew what he was doing on. The world stage here remained calm during crises refrained from overreaction, and he acted decisively when he had to. He succeeded in leveraging unpredictability, intervening in some areas and not intervening and others. He was willing to gamble with the highest stakes, and throughout all that time. He never showed his hand. It still doesn't seem clear whether. Eisenhower was really willing to make good on his threats to use the bomb. His son who served in the White House during his presidency, said quote I never knew whether dad would have used nuclear weapons. He would never say. His aides including General Andrew Good. And his brother Milton. Disagree on whether Eisenhower was bluffing. All of this is a sign of a.
"president" Discussed on This American President
"Expansion of the war against China could lead to victory now. Might strike you as alarming that anyone would advise the use of nuclear weapons but this was the reality Cold War. It was something that General Macarthur talked about in Korea just before president. Truman fired him and it was something that would come up time and time again as we'll see during Eisenhower's presidency the Cold War was full of unprecedented dilemmas. In Korea American and Chinese forces engaged in combat Americans were confident that they could win after all they had defeated both the Nazis and the Japanese in partnership with the Allies of course China was a third world country. Surely China would be an easy opponent but America was unprepared for the Korean War. Especially since it had demobilized after World War Two and the Chinese had an enormous number of forces bay virtue of Sheer Numbers. They pushed back. And that's how the stalemate happened the. Us Now faced a dilemma. In order to win American might have to intensify the war effort sending more forces to fight but some wondered well if we have nuclear weapons. Why don't we use them? I mean otherwise. What's the point of having them? And as the body bags piled up more Americans kept wondering. Why are we letting our soldiers get killed if we have a weapon that could end the war once and for all nuclear weapons were the most terrifying weapons ever devised by man? But you can see why some people might at least be tempted to think this way to think about using the bomb especially if you fear the spread of communism and if you're sick and tired of a bloody stalemate but of course there were fears for what this would mean if we use nuclear weapons against North Korea or against China. The world could be revolted by their use. America's prestige could be damaged forever. The fallout from nuclear warfare could lead to unprecedented collateral damage. And what if the Soviet responded given their relationship with China in North Korea they had hundreds of thousands of soldiers in Europe. What if they retaliated by invading our allies in Europe? What if they blockaded and attacked our presence in Berlin and now that they had the bomb what if they used it against us or our allies while most people shuddered at the thought of starting a nuclear war with the Soviets. Some felt that this was the time to do in the cold. War was relatively new. Soviets did have the bomb but they were few years behind the United States in nuclear firepower in the development of the hydrogen bomb in the means to deliver it. Why allow them to catch up. Why not hit them now with everything? We had so that the Soviets would never get to the point of competing with us after all. Didn't the West wait too long to stop? Hitler wouldn't more lives been saved if we had taken on. Hiller earlier was stolen that much different than Hitler and wasn't stolen even more dangerous than Hitler. Now considering he had the bomb of course the situation was more complicated than that. Hitler installing were both totalitarian tyrants ruthless killers but their circumstances weren't exactly the same still. Most people feared what Stalin could do especially since he had successfully imposed his grip on Eastern Europe and supported communist movements around the world. They also feared the worst case scenario in all of this that the Soviets would respond in kind to nuclear attack against itself or its allies with a nuclear attack of its own and then a nuclear war might ensue. The specter of nuclear Holocaust hovered over everything. These were the debates that were raging on in the early cold war in Korea would be the first decision for the new president despite the advice from Generals Clark and Vanfleet. Eisenhower refused to expand the effort in Korea. He rejected their request and move forward with negotiations for now. America's president would not go anywhere near using nukes in Korea but the temptation to use them or to threaten their use with continued to rise throughout. Eisenhower's administration on January Twentieth Nineteen fifty-three Dwight D Eisenhower. At the age of sixty two took the oath of office in became the thirty fourth president of the United States fully aware of the immense burdens. He was undertaking. The new president began his inaugural address with a prayer. My friend before I begin the expression of those thought that I deem appropriate to this moment. Would you permit me the privilege of uttering a little private prayer of my own and I asked you? Bow Your Head Almighty got as we stand here at this moment my associates in my future associates in the executive branch of government. Join me BESIKCI. That foul will make full and complete dedication to the service of the people in this throng and their fellow citizens everywhere give us we pray the power to discern clearly right from wrong and allow all our words and actions to be governed thereby and by the laws of this land especially we pray that are concerned shall be for all the people regardless of station race are calling may cooperation be permitted and be a mutual lane of those who under the concepts of our constitution whole to differing political faith. Show that Oh may work for the good of our beloved country and glory. I'm in in the weeks. After HIS ELECTION EISENHOWER SKETCHED OUT AGENDA FOR HIS ADMINISTRATION. There were two overriding concerns. One immediate and the other long-term the immediate concern was the Korean War in the plan to negotiate an end to that war. The long term concern was the Cold War and how to contain the Soviet Union. Things are right for change. America wanted to move past the stalemate of the Korean War but there was also big news. Out of the Kremlin Joseph Stalin. The totalitarian dictator of the Soviet Union the Godfather of the Communist Movement for almost three decades died of a cerebral hemorrhage on March fifth nineteen fifty-three there would be a new Soviet leader. Although it would take some time to figure out who won the power struggle with new leadership in the White House and the Kremlin. There might be a new way forward in the Cold War in our previous episodes. We covered president. Harry Truman and his containment strategy. It was summed up by George Kennan. Who said that quote? The main element of any United States policy toward the Soviet Union must be that of long term patient but firm and vigilant containment of Russian expansive tenancies. It was a middle ground between those who just wanted to negotiate with the Soviets and coexist with them and those who wanted to roll the Soviets back pushing them from where they were already established. Originally Truman headed here to what was called a strong point defense strategy. He felt that it would be too expensive and difficult to stop the Soviets everywhere as powerful as America was it cost too much to defend giant. Swath of international territory encounter the Soviets wherever they expanded whether it was by military force or aid to communist groups around the world and it would also give the Soviets the initiative to allow them to bogs down in conflicts around the world. They would be able to decide where the conflicts would start if we promised to stop them wherever they expanded they could start them in areas or arenas that played to their strengths and our weaknesses. The strong point defense strategy called for providing economic assistance to allies at certain points around the world so that those allies could become centers of military and economic strength that way those allies could stand up on their own feet and share in the burden of containing Soviet expansion. This strategy was made manifest in the Marshall Plan and the Truman doctrine which provided economic aid to Greece and Turkey. It also meant that. America wasn't on the hook for defending every country threatened by the Soviets or the Chinese and it would detract from the Soviets ability to dictate where a conflict or competition would occur while the Korean War changed all of that although Korea was not originally considered a strong point the possibility of millions more falling under the orbit of communism called into question America's commitment to its allies. The Truman Administration. Now believe that the defeat of South Korea meant a victory for the Communists and decided to commit forces to save it by then a new strategy document known as NFC sixty eight had been in circulation. It rejected strong point defense and called for a dramatic increase in the defense budget. Truman had originally requested thirteen billion dollars for defense in nineteen fifty. Nfc Sixty eight called for increasing that number to forty or fifty billion almost triple what was originally requested. It called for increasing both conventional and nuclear capabilities and replace strongpoint defense with perimeter defense.
"president" Discussed on This American President
"In our previous episode. We covered the first president of the cold. War Era Harry S Truman. It was under President Truman. That America initiated its policy of containment to contain wooded considered the greatest threat to world peace the Soviet Union this new conflict. The Cold War was unlike anything ever before it now. Two nations dominated the globe and with the development of thermonuclear weapons had the capacity to destroy civilization itself. History had entrusted Harry Truman with defense of the free world and he confronted crisis after crisis always with the specter of nuclear war in the background but now Truman's presidency was over and he had left the world's stage in his place was one of the most capable and experienced leaders in American history. His name was Dwight. David Eisenhower the great hero of world. War Two the Supreme Allied Commander who had invaded Normandy defeated Hitler and liberated Europe now Eisenhower or Ike. As his friends called him had the responsibility of leading the free world during this dangerous time. Few people today can recall the major events or accomplishments of Eisenhower's presidency too many. He is Amir transitional. Figure the president who served during the Stale and Cookie Cutter Nineteen fifties between the years of war under FDR and Truman and the social upheaval. Under Kennedy and Johnson but Eisenhower was no mere interlude like Truman. His presidency was one of crises. When American credibility and nuclear war were constantly at stake every decision he made involved delicate balance of terror. That could mean either peace or annihilation. How Eisenhower maintained that piece in avoided? Armageddon is the subject of this episode of this American President.
"president" Discussed on This American President
"And World War World War Two and then after the Cold War afterwards in how each of those lessons strengthen that generation to take on new challenges, and my hope is that it will do the same for our generation as well and our country. Yeah, I think it's I think a lot of ways though this does bring back a lot of those tough choices that America faced in the. The Early Twentieth Century in the Mid Twentieth Century, where I mean right now. I mean New York is talking about sort of the rationing ventilators, and this is obviously a really tough choice. Right because you have to decide who gets one based on age on viability, with the investment is going to be ultimately. The these are tough choices that no human wants to make but. When you think about. What Truman kind of questions Truman was asking himself at least a you know. Whether to drop the bomb on Japan, this was this was a really really really difficult choice. Right when you're talking about huge moral hazards and trade offs and things like this. What what? We, we've. We've had base by becoming so rich and so powerful and a lot of ways we've. We've sort of done away with a lot of these tough choices that our ancestors faced that we don't have to make choices between sacrificing life and wealth. At least up until now so I think in a lot of ways this bringing back a lot of those tough questions that not too long ago, our ancestors would have looked at them and said yeah, that's life. Yeah, no, that's true and. Obviously there's some silver linings that happen here and there I think that the people are just are adjusting to these things in many ways. They're staying home in spending more time with friends and family, and there's some good things and I mean you know it's really heartbreaking the stories you're hearing. I mean people. I have a friend who? Left a job that she had been for years at..
"president" Discussed on This American President
"Basically the wives weren't thrilled about this because they're they're. They're training. They want to execute the mission well, but then they have to deal with all these PR events, but apparently the Hong. Kong is going on at that time in one of them. One other wives was really scared that they would contract this flu, and then go into space, and then get sick and one of the astronauts ended up getting sick, but it wasn't from the flu is mainly. It was A. You know stomach issues and things like that so anyways you see this story about flus and things like that that creep up every now and then, and it's really fascinating, and it's something I think. Historically more people will probably take a look at, and it's a good reminder to this stuff does happen. Yeah I think It's it's just. It's just interesting I think compared to just how seriously we take this this the this kind of thing, nowadays and you know I think back back to what we're saying at the beginning of the conversation. You and I were sort of tossing predictions as to what this would lead to. Again you know I thought would be disruptive I. Mean I think around what mid to late February you started to see the Dow tank. And I think for a lot of people. I saw it as a temporary setback, but I mean just. The global disruption in trade has been just astounding. The the Dow had lost. I, mean it I mean it was two thousand eight level sort of Dow doubt losses, and it was incredible to see a very bad way obviously That that made me think okay..
"president" Discussed on This American President
"A lot has happened since our last episode. Many things have happened I'm sure as you all know and the first. I WanNa say is about Oh maybe a month and a half ago so right now it is early April about a month and a half ago. I was at work. was talking to my coworker worker. Joey and Joey happens to be. SOMEONE WHO's helped us out on editing our podcast, so he's actually been here with me. As you know, we record our podcast and he's been helping for about a two three episodes and I see him at work every day. With our day jobs on related to the PODCAST. And we were talking. And I think just about current events and the economy stuff that you see in the news. And he said to me that he thinks that there's something more to this corona virus, and at the time it was still happening, but mainly in Asia, it hadn't come over to the United. States it hadn't happened. Around the world yet, but he basically said something to the effect of I think there's more to this than what people are saying, and it's going to be a lot worse than what people think it will be, and not only that, but it's going to hurt the economy. It's GonNa. Really change everything and you know the economy. Generally speaking, the news had been good and he he basically said that was going to change and me being you know the humble history guy that always talks about how you know you shouldn't think you know the future. I basically scoffed at him I said. What are you even talking about? Joey there's no way that can happen. That's ridiculous. Lo and behold it has happened. Joey is a prophet. Never Doubt Joey Brown ever again and so we decided to have him on odd cast right now. He's not just an editor, but he is a a Modern Day prophet, so joey welcome the show. Thanks for having me Richard and just to clarify. I don't think that my pronouncement was a prophetic it was. Definitely just a guess. Just just the way things were seeming over Back in, let's see you said earlier people. Now it's probably. A right and and the you could read news reports where it was talking about how China was tanning entire provinces, and you know it. It didn't seem good and I was. You know the fact that they're shutting down business over. There suggest that it might be more than just and I think at the time with people were calling. It was just a variant of the flu. And I think I think a lot of people were a little suspicious of that claim. You know your humility only confirms that you truly are a prophet. I'm just GONNA. Leave it at that I said I'm just kidding. I don't think you have some divine revelation on this, but. You definitely had a better grasp over what was happening than a lot of other people. Including so just wanted to say that. Joe Brown more than just an editor. I I think it had a lot more to do with a general over arching sense of pessimism than it.
"president" Discussed on This American President
"You know what has happened since then but obviously at the time they know that. And it's one thing to read about a crisis and to know. This was a very difficult time. It was a scary time. There was a lot at stake and people felt unsure. And it's another thing to live through it and I think right now we're living through that because you know for all the all the projections that are out there. I don't think most people predicted that this would happen. And none of us really know and it's GonNa end we don't know and we don't know what it's GonNa look like when life becomes normal again. I mean I hear about people talking about how this is going to change. Are People going to shake hands anymore? You know one one of my friends told me that you know she's from the South and people are very friendly in the south and But there's something different now when people see each other. There's kind of you know social distancing becomes kind of. There's almost like an element of of I don't know I I hate to say up. Maybe fear and so you know we're in a crisis right now. Very serious crisis At the same time I think that crises also bring out the best in people and our generation. I mean we've gone through a good amount. You know we went through nine eleven. We went the two thousand and eight. I mean we my generation being I guess you could say generation millennials. We grew up very comfortable. You know he grew up in the eighties nineties and and it was generally very good time in your case. It was the ninety s thousands. But we've also gone through some pretty tough times to you this included and so my hope is that just like in previous generations when you look at say the greatest generation that endured the depression in the war and World War World War Two and then after the Cold War afterwards in. How each of those lessons Strengthen that generation to take on new challenges and my hope is that it will do the same for our generation as well and our country. Yeah I think it's I think a lot of ways though this does bring back a lot of those tough choices that America faced in the Early Twentieth Century in the Mid Twentieth Century. Where I mean right now I mean New York is talking about sort of the Rationing ventilators and this is obviously a really tough choice right because you have to decide Who gets one based on age on viability With the investment is going to be ultimately the these are tough choices that no human wants to make but when you think about what Truman kind of questions Truman was asking himself. At least a you know whether to drop the bomb on Japan this was. This was a really really really difficult choice. Right when you're talking about huge moral hazards and trade offs and things like this. What what we. We've we've had base by becoming so rich and so powerful and a lot of ways we've we've sort of done away with a lot of these tough choices that our ancestors faced that we don't have to make choices between Sacrificing life and wealth at least up until now So I think in a lot of ways this is bringing back a lot of those tough questions that not too long ago. our ancestors would have looked at them and said. Yeah that's life Yeah no that's true and you know. Obviously there's some silver linings that happen here and there. I think that the people are just are adjusting to these things in many ways. They're staying home in spending more time with friends and family. And there's some good things and I mean you know. It's really heartbreaking the stories you're hearing I mean people. I have a friend who left a job that she had been for years at and she started a new job with a company. And now she's GonNa get laid off because of this. What happened? I mean it's it's just horrible. You know when you hear about people getting infected. I mean it's it's tragic and at the same time. Sometimes these things do bring out the best in people and I. I hope it continues to do so. Obviously you hear the stories of your friends who are in the medical profession. And they're just. They're working their butts off. They're not taking breaks. Their people's lives are in their hands. And you know they're they're putting themselves at risk because they're they're working with people that that have that could have the The virus or do have it. So that's definitely something that it's inspiring and we really hope and pray that they have the strength to do what they have to do and hope that our leaders have the wisdom to do what they have to do as well so I think we also have a lot of responsibilities that are that are put on all of us not just people working in the medical field and this is one of those those really tough times. That's going to. I hope at least bring people together without of course bringing them physically together and a lot of that is is a lot. It's new for us. It's weird that we've sort of defined the the the good thing you can do right now is stay at home. And and and keep clear of people to the to the greatest extent. Possible that the greatest way to help people out now and and yes even save lives is by staying home And that but definitely makes this challenge different than than any that I can remember where where the sort of the again the greatest act of heroism is just is just making sure that you are not flooding. The hospitals with more people right exactly well one thing. I also wanted to mention his that. Our Cold War series still going on and so we expect to have new episodes coming soon. We just finished our series on Truman. We have a series on Eisenhower. Coming up so going chronologically and we hope to still continue to bring you that That series and the episodes that come on after Eisenhower but again thank you to our listeners. We really appreciate your support Those who donated to our kickstarter and those who listen. We appreciate that so much It really it makes it all worth it. And it's great to share that passion with people and we just hope everyone stay safe. Do everything you can to stay safe and for your families The people that you love and make sure you still stay connected with people. That's very important and Joey thank you for your time. Just thank you for for being For being a prophet. I I feel like we need to Vegas. Let's go to Las Vegas or something I just.
"president" Discussed on This American President
"Things seem so distant in the past and they they're just truly not this this in the you can you can go online and basically most of the news you'll read today and for the past couple of weeks was about cove in nineteen and that's that's that's something. I don't think I have seen in my lifetime and so about history a very interesting example that I've been reading about lately and it's not an episode in history that I could say I've studied too much about but people are talking naturally about the great Spanish flu the great influenza of one thousand nine hundred eighteen to nineteen twenty ish about one hundred years ago and honestly that story I. It's fascinating what I've read about it. And just the cost that I mean it's just staggering right before that you had world war one in fact it was going on during World War One and that being the great war the worst war in history up to that time and that killed millions of people and it it introduced Just kind of new levels of of horror and agony that people were experiencing because of the war. You know people know about this. The trench warfare and Just the levels of casualties. That really dwarfed anything that happened previously and then after that or actually during that war the virus that would become the great influenza showed up in the soldiers as the United States soldiers as they were mobilising to go to Europe and I believe they sought in Kansas. You know when the soldiers were getting prepared to to go over to Europe and it followed them there and before you knew it. It spread like wildfire all across the world. And as we know it. It's known as the Spanish flu. Because so much of the world including the United States had basically a censored all information about it and President Wilson who was president at the time of the United States. he very vigorously his administration. Very vigorously prosecuted or enforce the Sedition Act which essentially made it illegal to speak out against the war and one of those things that might undermine the war. Effort was discussion of the pandemic which to me. It's really incredible. When you think about something like that. I mean I you know we live in a world today where we scrutinize everything. Our politicians say just one hundred years ago which is our grandparents may be great grandparents probably great grandparents lifetimes there was a situation where most of the rich nations wealthy nations of the world. They advanced nations and You know the United States we were all censoring this information and when you have a situation like that happening in which information is basically a life or death thing people did not have the information they needed in order to take the right precautions. So there's this amazing story of how officials in Philadelphia during World War One. They that this pandemic was a serious threat and there was a parade scheduled a parade in the city which in support of the war effort. And they knew that this pandemic virus could spread like wildfire. If you have an event like this but they still let the event continue. I mean it's it's really incredible. It's something that now. It's just unthinkable. Now you hear stories about people that are Going to the beach and all that kind of stuff and obviously a lot of people have strong opinions about that. Some people feel like that's very careless. Imagine if something like that happened where you know city officials basically Government officials suppressed any information about it. They allowed these big events to happen. And as a result of these events people gathered thousands of people got infected people died. And what's remarkable? Is that you look at the number of people that died Americans that died in World War One and you look at the number of people that died in Because of the great flew the influenza more people died in the great flew. The Spanish flu then died in the American civil war which was the war in which most Americans were killed. I mean this was a catastrophic event. I can't imagine living in a time like that. Imagine a time where a war is going on. People are getting killed and then a flu happens. Which is it's you know. Kills even more people and worldwide. You had fifty two hundred million people that died that dwarf even our statistics here in the United States. And this is after the civilized world had gone through World War One it's just staggering to me One thing that kind of adds to the against the fascination with that time is that there's a lot of speculation that woodrow Wilson himself. Actually got the Spanish flu. There's debate about it. Some people think that he had a heart attack but basically as the story goes in as a covered a little bit in our previous podcasts. Our previous episodes basically Woodrow Wilson. While he was negotiating the peace treaty which would become the Treaty of our Si- a at the end of World War. One he during the negotiations got very sick and apparently after this illness had began behaving erratically and changed his policy positions. He started thinking that there were spies around him which is very possible but he got very paranoid and started making decisions. You know erratically. And so essentially his his thinking kind of changed and the outcome of the treaty possibly was altered by that because Wilson decided to side closer with the allies against the Germans which led to a piece of vengeance which led to the resentment that fueled the rise of of Hitler. And Nazism. Now there's a long chain there many events I'm simplifying obviously but in some senses. It's possible that an illness. Perhaps the Spanish flu had implications beyond anything beyond anything. Anyone realized that the timing applications that had that had a great effect on how the twentieth century would turn out so really when you look at that story and how important it is to learn from that story and hope that we're learning from those stories today as we confront the pandemic. It's it's it is interesting to see does not look like at least from my perspective. That would Joe Wilson the handle this very well at all Earliest compared to At least how. We're how we're handling. Covert nineteen right now. I mean I mean you know a lot of people say that we've been laid on the ball and sort of dealing with it and it certainly seems that way if we heard about it you know months prior but the the you know Americans are every American is aware of what's going on right now every American. No matter what they're doing is at least aware that they should be inside and practicing social distancing that was not the case in the. Early Twentieth Century. Under Woodrow Wilson. Right and there's a great book out on that whole story it's about the pandemic generally speaking but it's called the great influenza the story of the deadliest pandemic in history it's written by historian named John Berry and one of the tag lines for that book is called the strongest. It says the strongest weapon against pandemic is the truth. And so that to me when you talk about information how important. That is really underscores. That and John Berry. He's one of those historians that does believe it. Wilson actually had The the Spanish flow. So I mean if you could think of a time where an heaven forbid but you're seeing so many people get the corona virus you know. You're seeing the celebrities Tom. Hanks you're seeing athletes. Get This and heaven forbid that it starts affecting people that are making decisions that really impact us. That already is happening right. I mean Boris Johnson. The the Prime Minister of the UK And so and so forth but none of this was theory during the great flu of one thousand nine hundred nineteen nineteen. This was actually happening. And I just can't even imagine what that must have been like for people when you hear about that and you hear about other flus other pandemics watching this documentary. Few days ago on Apollo eight the moon mission three missions before Apollo eleven but it was the first Apollo eight was the first mission to go round to go around the moon and come back. Didn't land on the moon but it went around this was in nineteen sixty eight and the interviewed one of the spouses without the wife of one of the Sorry one of the astronauts and before the mission the astronauts. So this is Frank Frank Borman Jim Lovell and Bill Anders. They actually went to the White House to meet with President Nixon and meet with a bunch of dignitaries and basically the wives weren't thrilled about this because they're they're they're training they want to execute the mission well but then they have to deal with all these PR events but apparently the Hong Kong is going on at that time in one of them one other wives was really scared that they would contract this flu and then go into space and then get sick and one of the astronauts ended up getting sick but it wasn't from the flu is mainly it was a you know stomach issues and things like that so anyways you see this story about Flus and things like that that creep up every now and then and it's really fascinating and it's something. I think historically more people will probably take a look at and it's a good reminder to this stuff does happen yeah I think It's it's just it's just interesting. I think compared to just how seriously we take this this the this kind of thing nowadays And you know I think back back to what we're saying at the beginning of the conversation you and I were sort of tossing predictions as to what this would lead to again. You know I thought would be disruptive I mean I think around what mid to late February you started to see the Dow tank and I think for a lot of people. I saw it as a temporary setback but I mean just the global disruption in trade has been just astounding the the Dow had lost. I mean it I mean it was two thousand eight level sort of Dow Doubt losses and it was incredible to see a very bad way obviously That that made me think okay. You know. This is happening in China. China's quarantining entire cities. This this has got to have If not just ramifications for for Asia definitely ramifications for global trade. And we're definitely seeing that affect now. Yeah you know one thing that I've been thinking about a lot lately. So we just released our Truman episodes. Joey you you played a big role in that. So we're very appreciative of getting those out there but one thing that the the big thing that keeps going through. Truman's administration is so story was that it was. It was literally crisis after crisis he turns because president during World War One or sorry World War Two has to decide to drop the bomb and then from then on. It's the crisis continues. You know he had the Cold War. He had Korea the hydrogen bomb. And you read these crises and you know how they end..
"president" Discussed on This American President
"A lot has happened since our last episode Many things have happened. I'm sure as you all know and the first I wanNA say is about. Oh maybe a month and a half ago so right now it is early April about a month and a half ago I was at work was talking to my co worker. Joey and Joey happens to be someone. Who's helped us out on. Editing our podcast. So He's actually been here with me as you know. We record our podcast. And he's been helping for about a two three episodes And I see him at work every day with our day jobs unrelated to the podcast and we were talking and I think just about current events and the economy stuff that you see in the news and he said to me that he thinks that there's something more to this corona virus and at the time it was still happening but mainly in Asia. It hadn't come over to the United States. It hadn't happened around the world yet but he basically said something to the effect of. I think there's more to this than what people are saying. And it's going to be a lot worse than what people think it will be and not only that but it's going to hurt the economy. It's GonNa really change everything and you know the economy. Generally speaking the news had been good and he he basically said that was going to change and me being you know the humble history guy that always talks about how you know. You shouldn't think you know the future. I basically scoffed at him. I said what are you even talking about Joey? There's no way that can happen. That's ridiculous Lo and behold it has happened. Joey is a prophet. Never Doubt Joey Brown ever again and so we decided to have him on odd. Cast right now. He's not just an editor but he is a a Modern Day Prophet. So Joey welcome the show. Thanks for having me Richard and just to clarify. I don't think that my pronouncement was Prophetic it was definitely just a guess. Just just the way. Things were seeming over Back in let's see you said earlier people now February ish a right and and the you could read news reports where it was talking about how China was corn teaming entire provinces. And you know it. It didn't seem good and I was. You know the fact that they're shutting down business over there suggest that it might be more than just and I think at the time with people were calling. It was just a variant of the flu and I think I think a lot of people were a little suspicious of that claim. You know your humility only confirms that you truly are a prophet. So I'm just GONNA leave it at that. I said I'm just kidding. I don't think you have some divine revelation on this but you definitely had a better grasp over what was happening than a lot of other people myself included so just wanted to say that. Joe Brown more than just an editor I. I think it had a lot more to do. With a general over arching sense of pessimism than it had anything to do with me getting it right I think over the last what four years. I haven't made a single correct political prediction so it was bound to happen at son-in-law the whole broken clock thing right right exactly. I think that's that's exactly what happened right right. Well that's good enough to get on our podcast so so. This is a special episode. Life is very different now. Obviously for everybody including ourselves. You know just like all of you. We have our day jobs and our responsibilities and this virus has hit us in the same way. And you know we are working from home. We're doing the social distancing and we had to try to find a way to record this podcast without being around each other and increasing the risk to anybody and so it's it's changed life for us. It's changed life for everyone else. Life Quarantine is quite different. It's quite an experience Joey. How how's this experience for you? It's it's difficult. I mean and I think and I think most people are finding that you know whether they're working from home or just trying to weather out this pandemic. It's it's really tough It's it's definitely. It's it's a struggle to find things to do every day when I'm not doing work in that yeah right and I mean obviously we have our families we have our our parents and our grandparents and everyone that we you know friends that we care about especially those in the vulnerable population. So obviously that's a concern for us and for everyone else and we just hope that everyone stays safe. And does all the right things with the social distancing and everything like that And one thing I will say is that it helps to have modern technology and being able to stay in touch being able to text people do skype calls and everyone's talking about zoom. Now all that stuff so that that's been helpful in the sense that you don't have to feel as isolated as as you would otherwise so okay. Well WE ARE HISTORY. Podcast and obviously. There's a lot of historical insights about this first of all the thing that really stands out to me. Is that this. Pandemic is really unprecedented for people for for people like US Americans People our age. Who grew up. I grew up in the eight hundred nine zero in the nineties and two thousands. And so it's funny because I think growing up there all these documentaries and movies talking about natural disasters right whether it's a major earthquake growing up in California. That's what people always talk about. And you hear about like bio bio weapons and things like that and and pandemics being one of those threats but And you you always hear in those those kind of programs that you know this could happen. And we're not prepared and government reports or agencies. We'll talk about how this is a possibility and yet really. It's something that none of us really honestly think could happen. I mean I. It's something they hypothetically could happen. But it's not something that all of us are kind of thinking. Oh man if that happens that's really going to change my life and I'm going to prepare for this and I think history is one of those things that can have a lot of value to this because history shows. No this stuff does happen. And they don't just happen in parts of the world that you don't know about they happen and you know the you know the the major countries they happen. I rode countries. They happen everywhere. I mean really pandemics. I mean it's a sign of just the kind of world we live in you know it's an imperfect world there are plagues. There are good things that happened in this world. There are bad things that happen in this world. Now that's something I've been thinking a lot of during this time. Where yes it is possible for something on the other side of the world super friendly effect people here and you know you think about the people talking about the wet markets in China and here. We are the world's strongest economy is basically shut down because of that it compared to two recent it least Semi recent viral outbreaks. This is definitely the most disruptive I remember and I think at least in my lifetime the two biggest ones of course where SARS and Murs and they they don't really I mean murmurs was an interesting one because I'm just doing quick research online There was an outbreak in in Saudi Arabia. Twenty twelve's and the it was. It was not a very infectious or contagious disease. That apparently it was transmitted from dromedary camels and on the first of the listeners who are really into camels they know that's a one humped camel. Yeah and it was transmitted to to to some person who had it and then they went to a hospital and transmitted to a bunch of other people and the death rate. I think the the the mortality rate for Moore's was like a third of people that caught it at least at least that's what the I think that the the whol was reporting Which is pretty high. But it wasn't able to spread that quickly and so or really well at all and in fact most of the time it was spreading it was in Sort of a medical setting the hospital setting where you have patients in close contact with medical providers And then they had another outbreak of murders in two thousand fifteen in South Korea where South Korean man was in. Bahrain came into contact with someone or a camel and brought it back to South Korea and there was a substantial outbreak in South Korea but they contained it pretty quickly But but I mean the the novel Corona Virus outbreak. Just I mean it. It's crazy the extent to which it's shutdown just everything. I was had been in Israel for a while before cove in nineteen really took off. You know this is just a month ago. Basically yeah a couple of weeks ago and then I had spent you know about a month. I guess a month since I had gotten there. Yeah and I I mean Israel locked down quite a number of things I mean stores hotels basically airbnb where the only thing that was open and I come back to the United States and go into grocery store. 'cause I I don't have food after I've gotten back and completely cleaned out of toilet paper and And for some reason all of the canned goods with the exception of Pinto beans. I don't think people like those very much so it was. It was quite shocking. I mean just I I I knew it would be or at least I thought it would be disruptive but not to the extent that it that it has been right and it's been a year twenty twenty. This year has been such an eventful year already. You have a things that honestly seem like years ago. But they were just months ago whether it was president. Trump's impeachment and that obviously in it of itself was a big historic event. Not An event in which the outcome was unexpected but still an event of note and then you have a lot going on with Iran and when when president trump ordered the death of general Sulejmani. You had Kobe Bryant Steph. You had the election which is its own thing and there was it looked for a while that Bernie Sanders is going to get the nomination and then Biden is defeated him and several primaries. And then miss so you just have. I guess it's just one of those years. You know you look at different years in history and some of them really stand out as far as being very eventful nineteen sixty eight being being one of them and right now. We're living through a year. That already has been quite eventful. And it's only April. I mean we're not even we're barely a third of the way court of the way there and it's weird the like this the the extent to which all of those events that you mentioned you know. Trump's impeachment Kobe. Bryant's death all these..
"president" Discussed on This American President
"He was initially naive about cooperation with Stalin. But it can't be denied that after spending much of his presidency thinking of ways to contain communism he understood its nature as well as any American statesman on July twentieth. Nineteen fifty three Harry. Truman left office at the age of sixty eight. He moved back to his hometown of Independence Missouri. He wrote his memoirs and raise money to build his presidential library. Truman lived long enough to see. Eisenhower served two terms and leave office and to see. Jfk Win Johnson. And Richard Nixon become president peeve and saw man walk on the Moon he died on December twenty six thousand nine hundred seventy two at the age of eighty eight at the urging of his widow best. He did not line state but a simple private funeral on the grounds of his presidential library. Near the end of his presidency Truman had a chat with Winston Churchill. The British prime minister reflected back on when Truman took office in one thousand nine forty-five and said quote. I must confess sir. I held you in very low regard. Ben I load. You're taking the place of Franklin Roosevelt. I misjudged you badly since that time. You more than any other man has saved Western civilization that quote in a sense summarizes Harry Truman's presidency when FDR died Americans feared what the future hadn't store. It was a world in ruins from the war with a rising communist threat and the atomic genie released from the bottle. During Truman's term the American people face crises of global proportions Harry. Truman had to make decisions that I would never wish on another person. Different presidents are dealt different hands and Sherman was dealt one of the toughest. No matter what he did he would forever be remembered as the president who ordered the first and so far only two atomic attacks in history he initiated the development of the hydrogen bomb. He committed American troops in a controversial war that ruined his popularity all without a congressional declaration of war. Whatever else he did those decisions will forever influence. How most people see him? I remember in college in Grad School. Hearing my fellow students criticized Truman's decision to drop the bomb to them. It seemed that Truman was reckless and had little understanding of the decisions he was making but to me. This kind of evaluation seems a bit hasty. I've already talked about how the real choice wasn't between using the bomb or not using it but between using the bomb or invading Japan. Both of which were terrible choices but the evidence also seems to indicate that. Truman and his men his advisors did know the significance of what they were doing. They did know that. The atomic age represented something new and dangerous enrolled history. I also remember my grandfather while I was growing up. He would sometimes talk about Truman and he didn't really liked him very much. He was from China. He's passed away since but he a lifelong hatred of the communist Chinese government and he faulted Truman for firing macarthur in not allowing him to liberate North Korea and invade Japan. In his is the last chance to topple. The communist regime was lost under Truman from Truman's perspective he had limited MacArthur's mission for fear of provoking a World War. He feared that the Soviet Union newly armed with nuclear technology would respond or full blown. War would erupt with China for Truman limiting the war meant preventing a Third World War but in doing so he was essentially sacrificing millions North Korea to the yoke of communism these were the agonizing dilemmas. Truman had to face. There is a fair debate about the wisdom of these policies. I've heard many say that America should have gone all out to win the Korean War and others who say we shouldn't have been Korean. The first place others criticize how Truman wage the war they cite the fact that he committed troops to a war without actually declaring a war. They say that this action paved the way for future interventions that ended up being clogged Myers like in Vietnam and Afghanistan and they strengthen executive power to make war a- power that the constitution granted to Congress. There may be validity to this argument depending on where you sit. If there's one thing that I can say it's at these decisions seem easier to make when you don't have the specter of World War three hanging over your head or aren't trying to prevent the advance of a totalitarian state or trying to secure freedom for millions of people all of this ties into another criticism when the ten expressed the idea that Truman expanded America's containment policy beyond what was feasible that he took the original strategy based on managing costs on picking and choosing your battles and expanded it to the point of American over-extension militarizing the nation's foreign policy successor. President Eisenhower would seek to reduce the costs and warned against over extension and ultimately the military industrial complex again. There may be validity to these arguments depending on what you believe but whatever the means were Truman. I believe was sincere in his determination to defend the free world against the communist world all without provoking direct conflict between the superpowers. It was a fine line to walk but he did it as well as anyone could expect from a man with little preparation for the job. It's often said that Truman represented the common man. One critic even said that he was a common man's common man deathly not a compliment. He seemed to many to be remarkable. He was far from perfect. P had a quick temper and was prone to salty language when he left office he was one of the least popular presidents in history but in a recent C-SPAN survey of historians. Truman was ranked the sixth grade as president of all time. Although his decision still provoked controversy. Historians have come to respect Truman sense of history his integrity his determination and his willingness to make difficult decisions historians realized that though common he was he had the gift of something that was often lacking in politics common sense. I've mentioned how much Truman's advisers admired him. These are brilliant men and they were serving a man who had no college education who wants had been a farmer and had salesman but they knew what he was made of. They knew that he was a leader. Truman had earned the respect. I also mentioned Truman's love for his wife Bess. Yes Truman was feisty with a sharp tongue but he also had a strong moral compass. That could never be shaken. One story illustrates is character when the nineteen forty. Eight presidential election was approaching true and was expected to run for his own terms president which eventually ended up doing but before the campaign. He actually offered the top spot on the ticket. To General Eisenhower was enormously popular telling him that he'd be happy to run as his vice president. Mike was rather taken aback by this and swore off any political ambitions illustrated who Harry Truman was. He was still the man he was when he left. Missouri practical home spun and unawed by power. It's hard to imagine any president willing to subordinate himself as Truman was willing to do. Its sometimes easy to look at Truman as a historical accident in some ways he was. It's a bit unsettling to remember that. His elevation to the presidency during such a critical time was not the product of a well thought out process but more due to political convenience he was the first president of the Nuclear Age the first US chief executive to unambiguously be the most powerful man in the world who could alter the destiny of mankind with a single order at the same time. He is likely the last president of his kind. It's hard to imagine another President One without a college degree. Not really looking to seek the office. Someone who looks like a statesman and more like your next door neighbor. Someone like him. It's hard to see rising to the White House anytime soon. Then again. Human events have a way of surprising us even today regardless Americans now seem grateful that such a decisive leader rose during such a decisive time. Harry Truman story is the American story. A former Haberdasher who became president and made decisions that still echo throughout history. It proves once again that the unlikeliest and lease the steamed of men can rise to the heights of power and leave a profound imprint on. The world.
"president" Discussed on This American President
"So in our last episode we mentioned our kickstarter campaign where raising money so that we essentially can have a permanent studio with upgraded equipment like acoustic panels and new microphone basically so he could produce more episodes and higher quality content and for the campaign we gave ourselves the goal of One thousand eight hundred dollars meaning that we had to raise a minimum of that much one thousand eight hundred dollars to actually get any of the money at all. Well thanks to you our listeners. We raised as of February seventeenth. We raised two thousand two hundred twenty dollars. So we're definitely going to get the money that you contributed and I just wanted to say that we at this American President are honored and quite frankly thrilled by all of your support and we just wanted to let you all know that we appreciate everyone who donate and we also asked that if you haven't donated please consider donating to us and if you have we just want to thank you all for your generous donations We have stretch goals beyond one thousand eight hundred dollars the more money we have the better equipment we can buy and the higher quality content we could produce and we need your donations by noon on March fifth. We're also offering you rewards for your contributions if you donate five hundred dollars or more. You can co produce an episode of this American presidents of those a topic that you've always wanted to learn about we'll be happy to meet with you and basically talk about an that you have and will make a short episode about that topic now. Four hundred dollars or more. We add this American president. Meaning Michael. We'll take you on a private tour of Mount Vernon George Washington's private home and we also offer group tours of Mount Vernon at one hundred fifty dollars or more. If give one hundred dollars or more you can become a sponsor of an episode and have your name or the name of someone you know Read as a sponsor during an episode. So you'll be immortalized in this American President History and if you donate less than that you can have the option. I think the minimum twenty five dollars. You can have the option of getting a Mug a t-shirt or both and if you like swag if you know someone that does. This is the perfect item. The perfect gift. So just make sure you go to kickstarter and look up this American President podcasts studio and again just behalf of me and Michael we just want to thank you all for your generous donations and we look forward to giving you more quality historical content in the future in our previous episode we covered President Harry S Truman's unlikely rise to power and his first few months in office he had made the momentous decision to drop the atomic bomb world. War Two is over in America and the world. Now look to an era of peace but new problems were on the horizon the victorious allies were now forging a new world order but couldn't agree on what that order should look like the world had suffered through two world wars and desperately feared a third one especially now that the atomic genie was out of the bottle how President Truman handled. These challenges is the subject of this episode of this American President..
"president" Discussed on This American President
"Mm it didn't help that. FDR didn't prepare me all for the job he didn't include any war strategy meetings or and other meetings General George Patton just who was Harry Truman well he came from very different pedigree than FDR while Roosevelt was raised in a wealthy prominent New York Family Truman had far more modest upbringing he was born in eighteen eighty four and raised in Missouri the son of a farmer in his youth truman learn to play the piano and developed lifelong fondness for history he was voracious reader on anything from ancient Greece to the American civil war after graduating high school he enrolled in call College in Kansas City but left after year he then worked a series of random jobs is a timekeeper at a railway where he slept in camps for Hobos in the mail room of a newspaper and as a bank clerk although he studied for a little while in law school he quit school altogether he was the last American president did not have a college degree true join the National Guard and when America entered World War One he became a captain of an artillery regiment that was sent to France in one thousand nine eighteen it was there that Truman first exhibited the qualities that would mark his tenures president tenacity and leadership he transformed his unit into an active fighting force and they performed admirably while enduring intense combat during the war he was a feisty leader while at the mountains in France he and his soldiers came under heavy German fire when his men started fleeing Truman unleashed a foul mouthed tirade that stop them in their tracks and got them back to fight in another instance he led an attack on the Germans that save many lives in the US Army's Twenty Eighth Infantry Division these were critical experiences is life giving him confidence as he pursued a career in public service when he returned home he quoted a woman named Bess Wallace who he had known since he was six and she was five he proposed to her in nineteen eleven but she turned him down he was persistent and they finally married in Nineteen nineteen they eventually had one her name Margaret Soon Trim went into business and opened up a haberdashery basically a store that sells men's clothing accessories and fortunately this her failed when the economy tanked in the early Twenties Truman was bankrupt but he caught the eye of a local Party boss named Tom Pendergast who was looking for a candidate for public office while most people didn't see much in Truman to pendergast he was an ideal candidate a veteran who is known for hard work and honesty he can Vince Truman to run for County Judge Eastern Jackson County in nineteen twenty two basically being a county supervisor he won the election thus truman began his political career. Although Pendergast was typical political boss seen by many as corrupt and power hungry German got a reputation for comp sense and integrity he adopted political views in the tradition of Jacksonian democracy fighting for the interest of rural citizens and common folks against the corrupt establishment this helped him get elected a US senator in nineteen thirty four Truman arrived in Washington at the start of the Roosevelt Administration as it was implementing it's new deal policies to deal with the Depression Truman was a loyal Democrat and supported many of FDR's programs but it was during World War Two when Truman really made a name for himself he was appointed to chair a special Senate Investigative Committee which became known as the Truman Committee to investigate wasteful defense spending according to some estimates the trim committee saved the taxpayers about fifteen billion dollars or about two hundred ten billion in today's dollars by nineteen four eighty four Harry Truman was sixty years old although he was well respected among his colleagues most Americans didn't know anything about him he likely would have retired an obscure political figure had not been for the events at the nineteen forty four Democratic convention that year FDR was running for his fourth term but he was McMahon in fact his doctor told him he would likely not survive a fourth term especially given the strain of running the war effort and it showed anyone who saw FDR by then already knew that he was in poor health he was too thin for his clothes his jaw often hung open and his skin was Pale Grey Democratic Party leaders had a hunch that he would die in office the problem was that the incumbent vice president was a man named Henry Wallace who was far too liberal for most at the Party and who was a bit of an oddball he had a history of engaging in spiritual mysticism and had poor political skills he was often feuding with other members of the administration but Wallace was popular with the liberal rank and file enduring the convention there was a push to renominate him for vice president but the party bosses engineered for him to be removed from the ticket in his place they found someone with few enemies Harry Truman the evidence indicates that Truman had sought the office but fate had other plans the Roosevelt Truman ticket won that November in Harry Truman became vice president in January nineteen forty five within three months Roosevelt was dead and the former Haberdasher a man with no college degree was the commander in chief of the United States during a pivotal Senate in world history the new president now had to confront the growing conflict with Joseph Stalin a man who had ruled the world's biggest country with an iron fist I for about two decades American advisors were getting more concerned about the Soviet Union by taking over Eastern Europe and installing pro Soviet regime in countries like Poland it was violating the Yalta agreements many Americans felt that Roosevelt had been too lenient on Stalin at Yalta almost all of Truman's major advisers had served Roosevelt for years and gave Truman different advice on how to handle stolen on one side was averill Harriman. America's combat Asadollah to the Soviet Union he was wary of Russian aggression and felt the United States might have to resist any expansionist moves but he also believed that cooperation and was still a possibility after all the Americans and the Russians had been cooperating for years against the Nazis it was better to try to continue this cooperation and not rock the boat too much especially since any daylight between the allies might encourage Germany or Japan to continue the fight on the other side was secretary of the Navy James Forrestal who believed that the conflict between America and the Soviets was inevitable he therefore felt the Americans had no time to lose that we had to confront the Soviets now before they strengthened their position in Europe to Secretary of war Henry Stimson an army chief of staff George Marshall for or stalls idea was sheer lunacy after all Germany and Japan still hadn't surrendered those nations still had to be defeated did we really want go to war against the Soviets when the Nazis and the Japanese were still holding out the Germans might've been on the ropes but the conflict with Japan was fierce so fierce that the Americans hoped the Soviets would enter the war against Tokyo. FDR had asked Stalin to enter the Pacific Theater and Stalin had agreed to do so are the Germans were defeated American strategists hope that this would convince Japanese that they had no chance to win perhaps the war could end sooner with Soviet help thousands of American lives might be spared besides stimpson felt that the Soviet incursion in eastern Europe was less about domination and more about it pushing a buffer zone for their own security they had just been invaded by Germany twice in the past thirty years I during World War One and then during World War Two both times leading to absolute catastrophe and millions of Russian deaths in Stimpson's is it wasn't unreasonable to expect that the Soviets were taking action in to prevent another invasion from Europe these were the immediate decisions that the new inexperienced president faced in his first months in office decisions evolved fates of millions of people around the world on one hand Truman was being told to stand up to the Soviets that they were potentially our next adversary on the her hand he was told that we needed their help in the war against our current adversaries if he pushed the Soviets too hard he might jeopardize the alliance against the access power ars. And if the Nazis and the Japanese had a sense that the allies were quarreling with each other it might encourage them to fight on could prolong the war on the other hand allowing the Soviets to impose their will over eastern Europe could signal to the Soviets that the Americans were unwilling to enforce the altar agreements it could be seen by Stalin as a sign of American weakness in emboldened him to undertake further aggression it could give the Soviets a stronger hand in the postwar world and it could mean sacrifice.
"president" Discussed on This American President
"Applied in the establishment of our forms of government, the free cultivation of letters, the unbounded extension of commerce, the progressive refinement of manners, the growing liberality of sentiment but cr-. Greater than all of these Washington said, was the influence of something higher. Something divine, quote, above all, the pure and benign light of revelation has had an immediate rating influence on mankind and increase the blessings of liberty given all of these blessings. Washington said the choice was now up to the American people, quote at this auspice period. United States came into existence as a nation, and if their citizens should not be completely free and happy, the fault will be entirely their own Washington, then prescribed a series of policy solutions to secure American independence. There are two that stand out, I quote, an indissoluble union of the states under one federal head. In other words, a fully empowered federal government second, quote, a sacred regard to public Justice. In other words to fulfil are obligate and paying down all our debts including those, we owe to our soldiers. But these were just policy prescriptions, they couldn't ultimately make Americans good law abiding citizens for that Washington. Again, looked somewhere else somewhere transcendent somewhere above, so he closed the stock with a prayer for the American people, quote, I now make it my earnest prayer that God would have you an estate over which you preside in his holy protection that he wouldn't incline the hearts of the citizens to, cultivate, a spirit of subordination in obedience to government to entertain brotherly affection, and love for one another for their fellow citizens of the United States at large, and particularly for their brethren who have served in the field. He then quoted from the ancient prophet mica asking God, quote that he would most graciously, be pleased to dispose us all to do Justice to love mercy, Washington closed, asking God to incline, the American people to live in a way reminiscent of how assert. Itinerant preacher from Nazareth, lived almost eighteen hundred years earlier, quote, and to demean ourselves with that charity, humility, and Pacific temper of mind, which were the characteristics of the divine author of our blessed. Religion for Washington. This was absolutely indispensable. You can have the right structure of government, but you couldn't thrive as a nation, unless the citizens conducted themselves with virtue he concluded that without imitating that divine author, quote weaken. Never hope to be a happy nation rancher. Now, the Pulitzer prize winning biographer, who wrote the book on Alexander Hamilton that became a Broadway play noted that Washington referred to Jesus to underscore, the past store tone, in the circular, almost like a spiritual father, advising his flock, there remain, many questions about where America would go from there. Congress did not yet have the powers Washington felt it needed for the country to survive. But there was little more that he could do in that sense. It is fitting that he was ending his public life with a prayer asking for help from a higher power on November twenty fifth. The British evacuated New York City, the war was virtually over, but general Washington had one final task when the war began he was granted a commission by congress for his appointment as commander in chief of the continental army since he was planning to retire. He needed to return that commission back to congress symbolizing that he was relinquishing power back to civilian authority. He inquired congress about the means with which he should do. So congress understood the implications of what Washington was doing most victorious generals throughout history, partly their success into political power oftentimes as dictator it was, what Caesar did after the Roman civil war would Cromwell did after the English civil war in what Mao Zedong would do later during the Chinese communist revolution. But wa-. Washington would have no part of that. He fought for Republic. He had won independence. He had led the nation through perilous threats from within and without and now he would secure it by leaving power. It was an act unparalleled in the modern world reminiscent of the great Roman general Cincinnati's who had fought to defend Rome and upon victory. Relinquished all power in four fifty eight BC to go back to his farm. George Washington would be the American Cincinnati's congress which had moved to Annapolis. Maryland responded arranging for ceremony, where Washington would return his commission on December twenty third seventeen eighty three a three man committee consisting of Thomas Jefferson, James McHenry, and Elbert. Gary was selected among the members of congress to plan for the ceremony when Washington arrived in Annapolis on December nineteenth. He found general gates there as part of the welcoming committee. We have no record of what was said between the two men perha-. They both reflected on the journey the taken the way their paths had crossed gates likely work to undermine Washington throughout the war, perhaps even to supplant him. And yet here they were Washington, the unquestioned hero of the war, whose prestige was in the stratosphere while gates was being relegated into historical footnote on December. Twenty third general. Washington appeared before congress in the Maryland state house. The nation's Representative sat in their seats on the floor of the chamber while many of the city's prominent citizens occupied the floor and the gallery above upon his entrance the members of congress remained seated the presiding officer Thomas Mifflin sat on a raised platform, elevated, above Washington. This was all deliberate and contributed to the symbolism that the military remains subordinate to civilian authority, Mifflin, informed, Washington, that congress would receive his communication Washington began to read from a prepared text, quote, Mr President. The great events on which my resignation dependent having at length taken place. I have now the honor of offering my sincere congratulations to congress and of presenting myself before them to surrender into their hands to trust committed to me and to claim the indulgence of retiring from the service of my country, James McHenry marveled at what he was watching knowing how rare, it was to see a man surrendering power at the height of military success saying, quote, it was a solemn and affecting spectacle, such as history, does, not present even the victorious general Washington trembled at this momentous occasion, mckenry noted, quote the general's hand which held the address shook as he read it Washington continued now recognizing his officers and their quote distinguished merits. He recommended that congress give them quote favorable notice. At this point Washington began to break down perhaps the memories of the past eight years of sending. Thousands of young men to fight and die to suffer to endure, miseries untold came flooding back, according to mckenry, quote, he was obliged to support the paper with both hands the site of general Washington. A man renowned for his legendary stoicism laying bare the deepest of emotions struck a chord among all those present mckenry, noted, quote, the spectators all wept. And there was hardly a member of congress who did not drop tears Washington gathered himself to finish his remarks as he concluded he once again looked to the almighty, quote, I consider it an indispensable duty to close. This last solemn act of my official life by commending, the interests of our country to the protection of almighty God, and those who have superintendents of them to his holy keeping McHenry observed at this point, quote, his voice faltered and sunk and the whole house felt his agitations. Perhaps he was swept up with gratitude for the glorious results of the war and outcome, that had been in doubt, throughout most of its, duration one that he would later attribute to God alone. Washington ended speaking, what he believed would be his last words in public life, quote, having now finished the work assigned me. I retire from that great theater of action and bidding, an affectionate farewell to this August body under whose orders. I have so long acted. I here offer my commission and take my leave of all the employments of public life with that Washington druid has commissioned from his pocket and handed it to president Mifflin. He then turn in greeted every member of congress mckenry later struggle to capture the myriad of emotions throughout the ceremony one that recalled memories of blood sweat, and tears. He ended his account with the following quote, so many circumstances crowded into view and gave rise to so many affecting emotions. The events of the revolution just accomplished the new situation in which it had thrown the affairs of the world. The great man who had borne so conspicuous a figure in it in the act of relinquishing, all public employments to return to private life. The past the present the future, the manner the occasion, all conspire to render it a spectacle, inexpressible solemn and affecting Washington departed, the state house, mounted his horse, and headed home to mount Vernon and his wife Martha two days later on Christmas day. Seventeen eighty three he arrived home, a private citizen of a new independent Republic, George Washington's retirement didn't last long as it turned out several prominent men in the new Republic, including Benjamin. Franklin James Madison, Alexander Hamilton and gouverneur Morris came together during the convention in seventeen eighty seven to write what would become the US constitution knowing that Washington. Unrivalled prestige would be a valuable asset to getting a constitution ratified his fellow delegates elected him unanimously to preside over the convention. They then proceeded to overhaul the entire structure of the government fulfilling Washington's vision in his final circular to the states without his support. It is unlikely that the American people so fearful of a strong federal government would've accepted the new constitution's, ratification in two thousand five the great historian, David McCullough published the book seventeen seventy six in it. He covers the heroic story of Washington's thrilling victories in Trenton and Princeton. He leads us through Washington's night March on Christmas night, and the crossing of the Delaware. It very well. Might be the most popular George Washington book in recent memory, it portrays, a dynamic commander in chief, who emerges from overwhelming defeat to unlikely victory. It's a great action packed story showcasing some of Washington's. Finest moments, but having researched our first president for many years. I believe that there is an even greater Washington. The Washington is seventeen eighty two and seventeen eighty three. Ironically, it wasn't a time of triumphant victories on the battlefield. Washington's foes weren't British generals, but the vices or shortsightedness of his own fellow citizens. Many generals have triumphed in the face of seemingly insurmountable odds, but very few accomplished what Washington did in those years, it was a time when the greatest threat came not from a foreign foe. But from within the Americans had created a country based on the idea that the people could govern themselves, but no one had ever seen it done on that scale to govern oneself means to govern one's own worst excesses from seventeen eighty to seventeen eighty three as America was on the cusp of independence. It faced many of its own demons. Various groups whether in the congress or the states or. The military had legitimate grievances. But we're so focused on short-term gain that they lost sight of the bigger picture. It's leaders were tempted to give up on the ideal of Republic and to believe that security stability, and liberty were mutually exclusive the schemes of various interest groups threatened to destroy the fabric of the country and that delicate balance of civilian and military authority as West Point professor, Matthew, Martin noted, quote, once an army has risen up against the government. The people can never fully trust again ever since then that balance has been maintained an American civilian leadership has never been seriously threatened, elections occur, at regular intervals, this remarkable pattern of continuity was not for a deigned that it even began rests largely on the character of George Washington, he refused to give up his belief that men could govern themselves while others conspired, Washington refused to. Be tempted to use his power as commander of the army whether out of fear for his country's security, or stability or out of a desire for personal elevations. He unambiguously spurned all suggestions of using his power beyond the bounds set by congress, even if it came from well-meaning, men, like Colonel Nicola, when he resigned his commission in December of seventeen eighty three he secured, the Republic, completing one of the great historic achievements of all time observers around the world cynical about the American republics prospects were stunned to hear about Washington's resignation in seventeen eighty four American painter, John Trumbull, who was working in London said that Washington's act, quote excites, the astonishment and admirations of this part of the world. In the words of historian Thomas Fleming, quote, this visible incontrovertible act did more to affirm America's faith in the government of the people than thousand declarations. Entreaty. By philosophers, ultimately history is proven Washington. Right. He believed that despite the shortcomings of civilian leadership, it's a thorny must be upheld in a Republic that conviction as well as the government established under the new constitution one that Washington himself had envisioned enabled America to become the most powerful nation in the world and the leader of the free world, that this was all accomplished at the expense of those who fought under Washington made his task both painful and poignant in seventeen eighty nine. Washington again, was called from his retirement, when he was unanimously elected, the first president of the United States, the only man in American history. So honored he appointed Thomas Jefferson as his first secretary of state and Alexander Hamilton as his first secretary of treasury Washington served two terms, laying the foundations of government, but precited over increasing divisions in the country divisions, which often centered on. Familiar issue just how much power should the federal government have, although this issue is hotly. Debated in America to this day, one issue is not the necessity of subordinating, the military to civilian authority, Mirroring his resignation in seventeen eighty three Washington delivered a farewell address in seventeen ninety six and step down after two terms, the following year setting a critical precedent, that all of his successors have followed with the exception of Franklin, D Roosevelt Washington returned to his beloved mount Vernon in died..
"president" Discussed on This American President
"Oh, if you do this this will happen, you know, and it's all in the air force. We call it. Delridge ranges angles in vir- for this topic. It's it's all probabilities. Sure. You know, you wanna slow down for the stop sign. You wanna plow through the stop sign. You wanna stop for the stop sign all you're doing affecting your probabilities in most instances, it's not gonna make any difference. But the probabilities are different over time. They're going to be differences. Sure. And that's that's kind of the way we would culture are warnings right now whenever there's a presidential election. I I'm not in the intelligence community when there's an election, and they're all these different candidates. And when the icy looks at these people these are their potential commanders chief, and I'm sure there's obviously maybe not concerns the right word, but there's interest in what kind of. President will this be the intelligence community. What do people in the icy think of during the election? So so one remarkable thing is they don't talk about it very much -mongst themselves. Sure. All right. There's I mean, there's I mean, we don't please people chatter at the water gore. Yeah. There's just a general reluctance, given the the nature of the business Scher that you you. Don't talk politics. Right, right. You just stick to our mission. It's hard enough. Sure. I will say that the transition to this presidency is the most difficult on record. And it was because well, lots of reasons I frankly think it's personality the president is kind of disinterested. And just interest in these kinds of things based on a base of almost non-existent information about these kinds of things, but the on that all right, which would have been hard enough. It was a great national tragedy. At the first time we had talked to the new president. President-elect was on an issue that other Americans were using to challenge his legitimacy as president on the Russian intervention poisoned the relationship. I see. Yeah. We thought we were telling the truth, and he thought we were trying to challenge his presidency. Now one very interesting aspect of your book. Is you talk about health, and you briefed congress and that how you brief them dozens of times intelligence community. I think you also mentioned judiciary committee services armed services. Yeah. Lots of different political jockeying in those situations. What lessons did you learn? Yeah. Bet can help you know, ic- officials with my my council is go longer. Many members of the committee as possible as much as you can as early as you can. Okay. All right. And frankly, I mean, you won't be put it in the mean-spirited throat away force in the tell you don't do it when everyone's scared, and no one knows what the future holds, you know, don't don't give him the hall pass that allows them to complain about what it is you're doing when you tell them later after. No scared in the futures known. I it was just such a unique time to where it was. And frankly, the president for lots of reasons some of them, political sure others ethical should have shared this responsibility with the congress. Okay. Okay. For the most part. And I look I informed on we met the letter of the law which allows the president to inform only a narrow fraction of the committee's. Sharon ranking member. All right. But I in retrospect, the more, practical course of action would have would have been to of briefed all the members of the committee early on as completely as possible and again and again forced to sent early right which would have been at a cost because they would then be buying increased danger rather than allowing descent later, which was at no cost in your book. You basically talked about you guys briefed members of congress multiple times. And basically later on a lot of these member these. Senators congressman is very dishonest about what you brief them. This honest or selective in their memory to be fair to them that really busy..
"president" Discussed on This American President
"Another thing that that stood out to me is he he pressed hard on you personally, when it came to some bin Laden understandable and also on Iran. Yeah. If you could just kind of talk experienced member. Remember that the two big priorities were counterterrorism and kind of preparation right in the Bush administration. And so what he really wanted to know about Iran was well where are they on the nuclear program, but more importantly, and this was harder. How did they make decisions where the points of leverage g how do I do? I hurt influence that was really hard because it's a very opaque society government. The other one was terrorism and Osama bin Laden may just set a personal view quite understandably. Sure that he would love to have been the one to take Osama bin Laden off the battlefield now, we had we had tremendous success against Al Qaeda, while President Bush was president particularly against Al Qaeda's number three, boom. They had many because the life expectancy for number three was measured in weeks, and you know, number one and number two bin Laden and ZOA hairy. They contributed to the move. By simply staying alive shirt. Number three was chief of operations. He had to do stuff yet communicate. Right. It run run there. And that gave us a footprint, and we were remarkably successful dismantling the CUDA operational network. Although we do not get bin Laden under President Bush's watch right right now. President Obama gets elected president. You know, the intelligence community is standing by for who wins. What what does that transition? Like. Yeah, we had we had a team in Chicago. We had a team in Arizona ready to brief the president-elect the next morning, and it was gonna be the same briefing, the President Bush got modest covert action. If there were church and items in there that would come in due course. Okay. All right. But as far as we're concerned, you carry the electoral college get the briefing chur, and we were ready to go. Sure, what has your interaction been with President Obama brief prisoner Bama on covert action in December after the election?.
"president" Discussed on This American President
"What I try to impress upon folks. These your friends and everything by the way, if you live we're talking right now, and they are your friends in literally, right? Yeah. You may not know it a lot of agency folks out there in the civilian community. Go to church, go to the soccer games and your kids intermingle with their kids. And and so on they share your values. They are just forced by their profession to apply these common values and circumstances. You probably will never face and may never even know about. But they do share your values. Yeah. And that's one thing you talked about a lot as far as how how much you guys cared about the people that that worked for you guys, obviously and wanted to protect them for many kind of harm that might come from disclosures or anything like that. And that seems like a big responsibility for whoever is running those agencies now just a few things as far as the interesting things that happened day-to-day. I know that you you basically briefed the president on covert actions often in there for the briefing as well, the president Stalybridge sure, just you know, to know, what what all that is like as far as you can say and George Bush had a lot of time, George W so does dead, but George W Bush's the president, I served the longest time. Right. And he had a lot of time for intelligence, and he was an incredibly interactive client. He did not sit back passively and just let us drone on with the briefing. He engaged he pushed back. He asked questions. He said he would say that's not what you told me two months ago. Sure. And challenge things we were saying and so for an intelligence officer. That's that's pretty good client that someone that you appreciate. And he gave us the time. He took the president's daily brief in person six days a week every week of the year. Oh, wow. So you saw almost every day. But. Well. Someone in there like me. I saw him regularly on Thursdays, whereas suggested earlier I did the covert action briefing and you were appointed originally by President Clinton. Right. And just looking around. You know, have a lot of portrait's when you and president George H W Bush, what could you talk about those two men and just so I did not ever meet President Clinton in a professional capacity. Okay. Okay. My first meeting with George W Bush was a week or two after nine eleven. So he's been in office for what eight months when on. I saw them. I had worked for his dad, George H W Bush when he was president. I was on the national Security Council. Okay. And so I mean, he didn't know me all that. Well, but he was aware of that. I was on the staff you realize he was one of my predecessors. Hey, let's true. All right. So when President Bush w came out for my formal swearing in. He came into my office, and I had moved in with any of the knickknacks books, and so on and looks around just absolutely bare shelves and says to me and my family, you can tell a lot about a man by his library. And then I said. We're you're in this office before Mr President. We did you come here when your father. CIA president it. Nope. Too much of a security risk then. The sounds exactly like what he would say. That's great. And but since then as far as president, George H W Bush gotten to know him he came to the agency for our sixtieth anniversary celebration, right? We had a Texas barbecue on the front lawn. Great deal of affection for him from them workforce. Who remembered his time and the agency? And so you you become one of the alum do, and it's you know, you, obviously didn't always agree. Sure. Change directions from time to time you weren't for different presidents and so on. But once you've been in that job, you feel a certain kinship with everyone else who has been in that job to sure yes. And as far as President Clinton, you have you gotten a gnome and other. I briefed secretary Clinton. Okay. Several times. Okay. She was very quick study. Very smart..