2 Burst results for "new zealand medical journal"
"new zealand medical journal" Discussed on RNZ: The Detail
"Donovan and today on the retail we talking diabetes a courter of a million new zealanders diabetic. That's touch over. Five percent of the population and that number is increasing exponentially with mody pacific and south asian people. Most at risk it's one of the leading contributors to cardiovascular disease kidney failure and amputations and management of diabetes costs nearly two billion dollars a year. So why is new zealand's treatment plan so far behind the rest of the world and why a to effective medications facing barriers to being introduced here the co authors of an editorial in the new zealand medical journal published today a calling for the drug buying agency farm act to fund to drugs that could dramatically improve the lives of people with diabetes. It's affecting modern pacific populations much more. It is in the form of any epidemic and the truth is things that we can do. That will change it. Filemaker's is considering funding. These two new drugs and we saying that got to do it right. Gotta do it now. Here's dr brian beating medical director. The royal zealand college of general practitioners. Who's put his name to a news. Release calling out phonic for its lack of progress on medication for diabetes. The fundamental thing was diabetes. A male is the body loses its ability to control blood sugar levels. Lodge sugar or glucose is very very important for the way the body functions. It's essentially the patron of the body and like any any pitcher orange and we need to control. How much is in the body. Soft too much glucose guys into the body or too much sugar. We tend to flood the engine and caused damage. And so he fled the body and caused damage. Diabetes as fundamentally with the body loses the ability to control sugar levels and we get too much of it in the body now. This basically fundamentally two types type one diabetes Often with younger people and children. And that's what we call an autoimmune disorder and that is where the body tunes on itself and actually shuts down the pancreas. Now the pancreas is the thing that produces insulin. And insulin is the thing that controls blood sugar levels. So this autoimmune thing the pancreas seems to be shot stan. These no insulin. That's released into the body. The body can control sugar levels because it has now been and we cool that type. One diabetes the second type of diabetes type two. And that's essentially other time. The pancreas gets worn out. It's slowly starts to be not as effective at producing insulin. The body can't control the sugar levels as well as would and generally just gradually comes on. I've read number of years to appoint Really the body can't With suga anymore because the pancreas isn't working as well as was In that situation we normally use medication to try and boost the body's ability to control sugar and at cambridge. To a point where. We actioning use insulin as well to replace insulin in the body to control the sugar so really. It's the inability of the body to control sugar when we talk about diabetes innocent of issue scenes as we are here. Are we talking about both type. One and type two diabetes fear to sort of group those two together and talk about diabetes as as a whole or is it quite important to separate those out. I personally believe it's important to separate them out that someone living with type. One diabetes has a very very different ginny to someone living with type two diabetes. So we do have to make that distinction has separate in what they do and how they come about by coming out in different ways. They often have very different trajectory in terms unfold. One actually is a very blunt. Differences with type one diabetes dodig sizes important. That's very important with all diabetes with type one from the moment you had diagnosed you require ensure there is no option because the body is not producing insulin. The in for if you're a child who develops taiwan diabetes from the diet you develop. It becomes part of the rest of your life so that is very different with type. Two there is a softness very slow unfolding of the loss of sugar control and a number of strategies that can be put in place to try and mitigate detto change that inside the coast of the two conditions are very different. And i think we do have to separate them out in their minds. We can't live the two. We can't sort of a one condition. Now today. we're talking largely about type two diabetes. This is not because it's necessarily worse than type one at as an but at has more flexible treatment options with type. one diabetes. Yarn body is attacking the pancreas. The insulin manufacturing plant therefore you need and chilean full. Stop type to on the other hand. Involves your body not producing enough and chillan in. This can be mitigated even managed with more exercise to three glucose. Faster through paying attention to what you're eating which helps manage your glucose and so one thing is for sure. New zealand has a lot of people with diabetes. More than two hundred sixty thousand as of last year. Two hundred twenty thousand of whom have talked to and that is bad. News diabetes overtime. Kinkel is hot attacks or scheming hat. Disease can cause strikes Something co per for vascular disease that is with the circulation to in particular. The league's fate is blocked. And as a result that leads to amputation. causes a lodge cluster of the tie and related to the hat to the brain and the seeking big group of problems. That actually could is what we call micro-vascular that is a pig's. I'm eyesight can cause blindness. It affects the kidneys. Sought can shut down the kidneys over time and that is particularly important in new zealand because mallory and pacific patients literally twelve to fifteen times more likely to progress twinstar drain Heavy can these shutdown by diabetes more about vet and a few minutes in the food area to fix as the news the body. it can start to kill off. News to the fate into different parts of the body and that can lead to all sorts of problems. surreally diabetes encompasses and cancun's damage to to every part of the body. If you start to look at it and Is a major major contributor to heart disease rights new zealand to insight kidney failure zealand dialysis to amputate shouldn't of fate and legs and to blindness. Soy it is it is a really really major problem in the new zealand seating. It usually takes a while for people to accept that they have a A diagnosis a condition and chum often go on for months without fully really acknowledging the fact that they have diabetes. That is to call it. Took an associate dean at auckland. University's medical school.
"new zealand medical journal" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary
"Dark matter the thirty nine galaxies detected date back to the first two billion years in the universe's thirteen point eight billion year existence and they raise questions about adequate have grown so massive so early in the history of the Cosmos one of the study's authors Tayo Wang from the University of Tokyo says it's the first model discovery of its kind and it opens new windows into the formation mation of supermassive black holes and the distribution of dark matter more importantly. He says the finding contravenes car models for this period of cosmic evolution. Wang says these ancient galaxies were previously invisible to astronomy but then again how can something as big as the galaxy beam visible to begin with well. That's easy to answer because live from I'm these galaxies is so faint and so far away it stretched out to very long wavelength beyond the visible and near infrared by the physical expansion of the universe of time. The further away and object is the more space time is stretched by the expansion of the universe astronomers referred to this stretching as redshift. It allows scientists to calculate calculate how far away something is which also tells you how long ago the light you're seeing was initially omitted from the thing which you studying as the universe expands light passing threw it becomes stretched so visible becomes longer eventually becoming infrared that makes it undetectable by hobble so instead the authors tend to alma yet a camouflage lodge millimeter submillimeter. Array Radio Telescope in Chile Wang says the team's initial suspicions about these ancient galaxies existence came from the Spitzer space telescopes infrared data but it was almost even sharper is which paid through all the gas and dust the universe and was finally able to expose these ancient behemoths of coast host. The question now remains the same. How could galaxies get so big so quickly and for that we have yet to find an answer. I'm Stewart Gary the Space Time Europe's second. EDS this laser communications satellite has been successfully launched into orbit ion space should va to forty nine flew aboard an Ariane five rocket from European Space Agency's. He's curious spaceport in French. Jonah knows you said cease. Sank got aw dope on time. Arianne find began her mission lifting off from the ground Erin French Guyana with a lot of fire and with two new satellites rising into the bright blue sky trailing exhaust flames of gold the two boosters writing ninety nine percent of thrust right now propelling the launcher along her trajectory tree at an ever higher velocity. Seven hundred seventy five tonnes to get off the ground. You need a lot a lot of push push. We have she's burning five tons of fuel every second two and a half tons are burning every second each of the boosters plus in the middle stage burning another three hundred kilos of fuel every second. Ariane five is now following the program program and the onboard computer which gives all the orders in Iran on her way east across the Atlantic right now the first flight phase a single for stage stage engine and the two boosters are burning the boosters burn just nonetheless project to upgrade to the normal the DDS it is perfect on board and he's announced the separation of the booster's booster fall five hundred kilometers from shore into a protected area more altitude one hundred and four kilometers speed two point twenty seven kilometers per second the speed. We need to inject the satellites roughly eight or nine nine per second as we've separated the faring there actually to have we can separate the faring now because we're out of the dense layers of the atmosphere over over a hundred kilometers up there neither friction north heating which could disturb the passengers. We're coming up on cut off of the lower state and there's the separation of the staging career are these three commands given by the onboard computer about thirteen seconds lower stage will fall into the Atlantic off the Gulf of Guinea fuel in the subcontinent emission courses not over yet. We still have two separate are fine a passenger. EDS coming up on Silva separation Silva will be pushed away from the mothership just like the satellites were. There's the schedule separation of Silva stemmed the model and the do. Oh has confirmed it this time for the second passenger tonight theory the FDR is so European data relay system will be a constellation of geostationary satellites using laser technology to relay information and data between spacecraft aircraft ground stations. It'll enable the observation served in almost real time allowing accelerator responses to emergency situations eventually also related from the International Space Station once the required equipment installed aboard the I assist on the outside of Europe's Columbus laboratory module the Ariane five launch vehicle used for this mission featured new elongated up a stage Cryogenic Jenny tanks allowing several hundred kilograms more propellant giving thirty seconds additional burnt and a one hundred kilogram payload increase digest orbit anti-matter take another brief look at some of the other stories making news in science this week with the Science report cancer is now the leading cause of death in high income countries or it accounts for twice as many deaths as cardiovascular disease a report in The Lancet Medical Journal looked the data from twenty one high middle and low income countries by following over one hundred sixty thousand people for almost a decade researchers found substantially higher rates of cardiovascular. Yeah vascular disease in low income countries compared to its incidents in high income countries about they found that as cardiovascular disease rights Phil Katz it could take over as the leading cause of death worldwide in just a few decades. A new study has concluded. There is no consistent evidence suggests that exposure to radio frequencies like those is omitted from cell phones and base stations causes any health issues and you findings reported in the New Zealand Medical Journal of the latest in a growing list of studies from around the world which have fail to establish a creditable link between mobile phone radiation cancer effect the authors found that studies which claimed his show increase genetic damage or other biological effect fix a much more likely to have a lower quality of evidence compared to studies that showed no significant effect at all well there are some studies which show that there is some health effects from exposure version in a controlled environment such as laboratory they not translate into what the general population is experiencing day-today probably another good reason why we shouldn't be using animals testing testing the European Space Agency's Copernicus Sentinel to satellite as a giant wanted fifty square kilometer raft of pumice drifting across the South Pacific Ocean bound for Australia's Great Barrier Reef the promises believed to have come from an underwater volcanoes tongue which erupted on August the seventh pumice rock is full of holes and guests from the volcanic explosion which created and that makes the rocks light enough to float on the surface of the sea the massive gathering floating rocks as turned the ocean surface from it's usual twinkling as your blue to a dull gray that almost looks like land scientists say the wrath make or some minor problems innovation but it could be bringing benefits for the Great Barrier Reef as its millions of pieces of rock act like small vehicles transporting small marine organisms such as algae snails canonical some corals if the raft eventually does rich estranged shows its hook that these hitchhiking organisms could replenish the great barrier reef which thing damage jeeter rising seawater temperatures caused by climate change and almost complete skull of the oldest human ancestor Australopithecus anamensis which has has been uncovered in Ethiopia contains features which are raising new questions about the evolution of some Homo sapiens earliest ancestors the skull which is thought to be from an adult. Don't mail has revealed for the first time what the face of this ancient relative really looked like previously scientists mostly had teeth jaws to go on these new details reported in the Journal. Nature have led scientists to now cast doubt on the widely accepted idea that this ancient ancestor evolved directly into another Ainley Australopithecus afarensis known as the famous Lucy Fossil instead they now believe these two inch in hominids distinct from each other in fact they may even have overlapped by about one hundred million years not so much a human tree as a human Bush after a patient now given the codename ideas suffered a stroke experienced a rare and unusual side effect in that when he saw something red blue or green he could not actually name the objects Kala although he could tell when they were part of the same color group previous research suggested that Cala categories only exists because the language used to describe them so researchers decided to test this hypothesis with patient at yes the findings published in the Journal cell reports Ford determined that ideas could consistently name a chromatic colors such as black white and gray but he simply could not recall the names of chromatic colors such as red blue or green gene suggesting the languages diminish human brains processes gray scale differently sales people claiming they can improve your child's reading abilities simply by getting them to wear expensive glasses with lenses have started promoting their product in Australian schools. They represent the American based Institute is painted colored filters are being sold as a treatment for what they liked to call Ellen Syndrome Scott Topic Sensitivity Syndrome or Mazo Syndrome as well as improving reading they claimed colored lenses also improve writing concentration levels and low motivation. They also reduced sensitivity to light than against sunglasses and wattle sounds great. The problem is the Royal Australian New Zealand College of Ophthalmologists says there is no sound theoretical basis all scientific evidence that Irwin Syndrome actually exists all the treatment with Ellen calendar lenses really works and that's a view strongly supported by leading American medical bodies in a joint statement the American Academy of Ophthalmology the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Association of Pediatric Ophthalmology of all firmly repudiated the use of the collinses steadying. There was no scientific evidence supporting putting their US tim from Strand skeptic says that hasn't stopped the company trying to sell their colored lenses in Schools Syndrome was something that was discovered avid in about the nineteen nineties which is a theory that problem especially with kids in rating can be cured by wearing tainted glasses. this addition they've wise length sort of stopping people from effective rating from learning even some medical conditions even for throwing things autism as well. This has been going now for a while. The particular person who was intangible was Helen launched an institute which tightened that color filters food supposedly treating the same and so many glasses and things yeah these are not cheap because seven hundred bucks for the Limbaugh I'm so and then you've got the frames and everything else to go with it. There's no evidence to show that these things these things run on anecdotal customer sort of testimony and that sort of thing but there's no improper studies done to see if if these things he's have any effect at all and is likely to be a placebo effect could be that once people have these glasses. I feel more confident that ratings rating it doesn't prove when it does have the time much. Steve Pool measurement people doing it themselves. Families are saying Oh my kid is reading bit in trying to do that on a trial basis to see these things work but so far it hasn't and someone's making a lot of money on it and it's being promoted in Australian schools yeah. They're very sort of people going right and you have to get these glasses or have to be assessed but own specialists. Komo ophthalmologist can do only in most of them are just actually rejected that does some of these people from early groups during right into schools lecturing to teachers especially yeah you'll kids who do not reading very well nine eight glasses and take a cane to help out the keeps etcetera whether they're lecturing to groups of parents. Oh lecturing to teachers infiltration in schools in various license. It's recently been in a number of places in Western Australia but it's elsewhere as well and really there is no soccer to give it to suggest it'll be works at all. That's Tim Mendham from a strain skeptics. You're listening.