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Democracy Now! 2021-03-31 Wednesday

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59:02 min | 6 months ago

Democracy Now! 2021-03-31 Wednesday

"From new york this is democracy now getting back to go back whole. We don't get in the resistance to the military coup in verma continues despite a bloody crackdown. More than five hundred people have been killed during two months of protests including the deadliest day saturday alone when soldiers opened fire killing one hundred forty people including more children. We'll get an update from burmese student. Then today is international trans day. Visibility will look the wave of anti trans laws being enacted across the country the easy for transgender individuals to have the health care that they need which is what we want is gives a freedom of choice and service for those that might have a A conflict because of conscience to the very notion that transient vanity is going to be recognized. And one way that that is. Manifesting are in dozens of bills across the country that would banned trans young people from sports and health. Care for. We'll speak with trans activists chase strain. Gio and rock hell willis who say visibility alone will not keep transgender youth safe and we'll look at. How many states have excluded incarcerated people from light saving covid nineteen vaccines now. A new york. Judge has ruled. This is unfair and unjust for people held one of the largest correctional systems in the country. All that and more coming up. Welcome to democracy now democracy now dot org the quarantine report. I made me goodman the trial of former minneapolis. Police officer derek. Chauvin is entering its third day. Chauvin faces murder and manslaughter. Charges for killing. George floyd last may by kneeling on his neck for nine minutes and twenty nine seconds on tuesday jurors her chilling testimony from witnesses including darnell frazier. Who is just seventeen years old when you used her cell phone to film the killing of floyd her image was not broadcast on the court television feed because she was a minor at the time of his death. When i look at george floyd luke. My brother cousin uncle because they are all plaque. I have black brother have friends. And i look at that and i look at how that could have been one of them been nice. I stated apologizing for not doing more and these interacting in his life. It's not what absolute he's now eighteen year old daughter. Neyla frazier testifying at the trial of derek chauvin. Who she says should have saved. George floyd life the next martial artists donald williams who also witnessed floyd's death told prosecutor matthew frank. He called nine one one. After seeing chauvin put floyd and what williams had earlier called a blood choke at some point. Did you make a nine one one. Call that is correct Why did you do that. Because i believe i witness a murder and so are you felt the need to call the lawyers for officer. Derek chauvin attempted to counter the moving accounts by portraying the eye witnesses to george. Floyd death is being part of an angry mob but another one of the eye. Witnesses was an off duty firefighter. Emt genevieve hansen told prosecutor michael frank. She urged the police officers to check. George floyd pulses. He lay motionless on the ground. I also offered in my memory. I offered to walk. Walk them through it or them. If he doesn't have a pulse you need to start compressions and that wasn't done either. This are these things that you wanted to do. It would what. I would have done for anybody when you couldn't do that. How did that make you feel totally distress. Frustrated minneapolis fighter fire and ems genevieve. Hanson broke down in tears as she recalled. Seeing george floyd die and being prevented from helping him visit democracy now dot org to see all of our coverage on the police killing of george. Floyd brazil is facing mounting public health and political crisis on tuesday brazil recorded nearly thirty eight hundred new covid nineteen deaths its highest daily death toll yet. Meanwhile the heads of brazil's army navy and airforce all quit in an unprecedented move a day. After brazil's far-right presidential bolsonaro ousted his defense minister. As part of a broader cabinet shakeup developments. Have alarmed many in brazil. Who believed bolsonaro. Who is a former army. Captain will install ultra loyalist to the military post to consolidate his power at of next year's election when he's expected to be challenged by former president. Louis in osceola to silva the us covid nineteen death. Toll has topped five hundred fifty thousand by far the highest in the world. The true figure is likely far higher. A new study in american journal of public health suggests florida's undercounted. The number of cova deaths by thousands. This comes as arkansas has become the latest state to lift. Its statewide mask. Mandate ignoring calls by president biden for states to keep restrictions in places. Cova cases are rising and twenty six states in vaccine news. Pfizer has announced clinical trials. Show its covid. Nineteen vaccine is a hundred percent effective for youths between the ages of twelve and fifteen. Meanwhile the new york times has revealed. Nyu langone health. A major hospital system in new york city has set aside cova vaccine solely for employees of bloomberg. Which is run by the billionaire. Former mayor of new york mike bloomberg. The news comes just weeks after bloomberg philanthropies gave another part of nyu. That's new york university. A twenty five million dollar donation. In international news palestinian authorities have received one hundred thousand vaccine doses from china. In a boost to efforts to vaccinate the three million palestinians living in the west spank while vaccinated more than half of its population. It has largely refused to vaccinate palestinians. Except for some who work in israel. Or in the illegal settlements. The white house has unveiled a two trillion dollar jobs plan to help address the nation's deteriorating infrastructure it includes over six hundred fifty billion dollars for roads bridges railways and ports over three hundred billion dollars for housing infrastructure three hundred billion dollars for domestic manufacturing and billions for modernizing the electric power grid expanding broadband and eliminating lead pipes and drinking water systems to pay for the plan. President biden wants to increase the corporate tax rate from twenty one to twenty eight percent. Federal tax breaks for fossil fuel companies and crackdown on corporate tax attorney. Since a grand jury in texas is indicted. Two former police deputies on second degree manslaughter. Charges for killing javier ambler forty year. Old african american man. Ambler tasers to death in austin in march of two thousand and nineteen after being pulled over for not dimming his headlights for oncoming traffic as he was dying ambler said quote. I have congestive heart failure. And i can't breathe. Bail has been set at one hundred fifty thousand dollars for the two deputies. James johnson and zachary camden to police officers. The capital who were injured in the january six insurrection have sued former president trump for inciting and directing the right wing rioters. Meanwhile republicans are continuing to embrace backers of the violent insurrection. Videos emerged showing stewart roads. The founder of the far right group oath keepers spoken an official republican event in texas march. Twenty six in the border town of laredo. Other speakers at the event included texas republican party. Chairman alan west over a dozen members of the oath keepers have been charged with conspiracy for attacking the us capitol a warning to our audience. The following story includes graphic description video of a hate crime. new york. Police have arrested a man who viciously attacked a sixty five year old filipino. Woman near times square as she was walking to church on monday video footage shows the men kick the woman in her stomach and then repeatedly stomped on her face while reportedly laying anti asian slurs. The assailant walked away. Bystanders including security guards had luxury apartment. Building did nothing in response. New york mayor candidate entry yang condemned the attack and elderly asian woman. Walking the streets of hell's kitchen could easily then my mother because that's where we live And so when. I saw this video. That is who i thought of. My children are actually playing that playground across the street from that apartment building Regularly so seeing this happened in my neighborhood hit very close to home. Us attorney general merrick garland has ordered the justice department to conduct a thirty day review of what he called a disturbing trend of hate. Crimes targeting ericans in news from mali. United nations investigation has determined french warplanes bombed a wedding party in january killing nine thousand nine hundred civilians. The mass killing prompted protests and mali. Where france has deployed five thousand troops. France rejected the findings of the un report claiming all the victims were slavic militants. The biden administration's finally allowed some journalists inside a temporary customs and border protection jail in donna. Texas over forty one hundred asylum seekers including thirty four hundred unaccompanied children are being held at the site which has an official capacity of just two hundred fifty due to the pandemic children were seen crying as they lay on floor mats up being covered by foil blankets one. Cbs reporter counted six hundred fifteen children. In a plastic walled pod designed to hold just thirty two people. During the pandemic lawmakers in washington state have passed a bill banning four prophet prisons and immigrant detention facilities in a move that could result in the eventual shutdown of the northwest detention center in tacoma washington. Which is run by the geo group during the pandemic many asylum seekers imprisoned northwest launched several hunger strikes protesting the squalid dangerous conditions inside the ice jail. The bill now heads to governor jay inslee as desk. The new york state legislature has voted to legalize recreational marijuana for adults into expunge. The records of people previously convicted of possession of small amounts of marijuana governor. Andrew cuomo has vowed to sign the legislation. Florida republican congressman matt gates is facing a department of justice probe into whether he violated federal sex trafficking laws by having a sexual relationship with a seventeen year old paying for her to travel with him gates has denied the reports and claims. He's the victim of criminal. Extortion the probe grew out of an investigation of one of gates. His political allies joel greenberg who is indicted last year for sex trafficking of a child among other charges in two thousand nine hundred nine gates and greenberg visited the white house together. The expose was in the new york times and the notorious republican operative g. Gordon liddy has died at the age of ninety liddy spent four and a half years in jail for his role in the one thousand nine hundred seventy two break in of the democratic party national headquarters at the watergate complex which led to the downfall of richard nixon. He also wants admitted to making plans to kill. The investigative journalist. Jack anderson and romain chip fitzgerald has died in prison after being locked up for over fifty one years in california. He was the youngest imprisoned member of the black panther party for decades authorities in california who refused to grant him parole even after he had a stroke and was forced to use a wheelchair or walker. Chip fitzgerald was seventy one years old and those are some of the headlines assist democracy now democracy now dot org the quarantine report. I'm amy goodman in new york joined by democracy now co host one gonzales new brunswick new jersey high juan. Hi amy and welcome to our listeners. New viewers across the country and around the world. Well we begin. Today's show in burma. Where more than five hundred people have been killed. During protests against the february first military coup that toppled burma's democratically elected civilian government. At least one hundred forty. One people were killed on saturday alone in the bloodiest day. So far as soldiers opened fire on civilians demonstrating against military rule in dozens in cities and towns across the country. Children were among the dead including five year old boy. According to amnesty international and a thirteen year old girl on sunday burmese troops fired on a funeral service for twenty year. old student. Protester killed near the commercial capital rangoon. The attacks drew condemnation from the european union. United states uk germany with the u n special rapporteur for burma accusing the military regime of mass murder on tuesday. Us secretary of state. Tony blinken condemned the crackdown and called for international companies to consider cutting ties to enterprises that support burma's military. The people of burma are speaking clearly. They don't wanna live under military rule and that is evident from what we're seeing and hearing and witnessing and continue to call on the military regime to release all those people who've been unjustly detained stop its attacks on civil society members journalists labor unionists halt the killings by security forces and returned to power the democratically elected government. The united states is committed to working with its allies and partners to hold the perpetrators of these acts accountable. This comes as human rights. Activists are calling an international energy companies like chevron to withhold revenues from natural gas projects. They operate in burma from the hunter controlled government. Meanwhile an estimated three thousand people have fled southeastern burma into thailand. After the burmese military bombed areas controlled by the karen ethnic minority group. At least four hundred fifty nine people including at least thirty five children have been killed since the start of the protests according to rights groups burma is also known as myanmar military leaders changed the name to myanmar in one thousand nine hundred eighty nine after brutally. Suppressing a pro-democracy uprising. For more. we're joined by our and he is from rangoon. The former capital of burma formerly known that is now called yang-gon. He came to the us to attend college and a senior at the new york institute of technology. His recent for the colleges newspaper called the manhattan globe is headlined misogyny silenced. Feminism amplified welcome to democracy. Now it's great to have you with us. And first of all. I want to say you're incredibly brave to come on this broadcast to show your face and i'm wondering if you can talk about what's happening in your home country talk about your family and why you've chosen to do this first broadcast interview of your life. I'm so as we all know. On figure i the military took over as a coup in my country And ever since that it's been almost over two months now So many people have died so far like you said there's have there have been partnered fifty debts and that's just an estimate With a seven year old girl being one of the youngest victims of five year old boy recently And the situation by call does not seem to be getting any better. We have there. There's some days where like you know. People have a little more hope but they are most days. It's more gloomy Many of us abroad Were very worried about people back home. We wake up to more bad news every morning. More debts. It's just been chaotic. Everyone's really worried for my family Our families but My family calm. They're saying safe at home staying indoors during our best during the tough times. And i'm wondering if you could talk. You mentioned your family your parents themselves. Have they talked to you about their participation ago in in the nineteen eighties in the democracy movement. Then what's different about this movement versus the The up the uprising of of young people. Back then right. So my i know. I know that my parents had they were a part of the ninety eight revolution As people so many people Marched the streets back then They've told me stories about their crackdowns by ben but the thing is on the also said that the protests back then they lasted for only about two months because there was a huge miliket military crackdown. But the difference. Is that back then. They didn't have telecommunications and the internet like we do nowadays were also connected of. There's a lot of young people who are also technologically more on smart That are like now that we have a better sense of like sharing information on know what to do like if we're planning to do a certain protests today are happening unlike back then when they had no internet connections or phone calls so they had to just hide it homes and like surrendered to the coup. But what's different about this This time is we're also connected and everyone's very angry where gonna stop protesting. We're not gonna Submit to this military regime. It's time that the and step down. And i wanted to ask you a little bit in terms of the history of burma because the military has dominated the life of of the country ever since it became independent but it was for one hundred and twenty years. A colony of the british empire and the burmese army was in essence sort of create. Wasn't it during the japanese occupation during world war. Two by the the japanese fascists. I'm wondering what's the responsibility of countries like the uk and the rest of the world as you are battling to reestablish democracy right so the military edge very deep rooted in our history of like you said it was formed during the japanese takeover in our country back then and basically they rose into power when we Quote unquote won independence from a from the british So what happened was after we received a dependence of our of father of independence Will johnson he was assassinated and the country kind of went into turmoil. There was no rulers so the military stood up and like they took over and they have not like given back the power to the people sense So it's very deep-rooted and i believe that Countries like the united The united kingdom and like japan all these countries like They do have a sense. They do have a sense of responsibility to appoint that. Are you know this is a very deep rooted issue and they should be supporting the people In this modern world that we live in today your piece in the manhattan globe. The new york technology newspaper begins. I remember as a young boy sitting in restaurants and neighborhood teashops hearing sh- amongst the voices of conversations and the clinking chaos of spoons and ceramic cups when police or soldiers presence was detected. People would stop talking and try to ignore these men in uniform but the intimidated by them. Talk about growing up there and what your parents would say to you about what could be talked about. And now as you desperately tried to reach your parents on the phone Yes so. I grew up under the military regime Basically born into a and the world was just thinking about it. it was a scarier time But then as a kid. I didn't understand anything right because we will be out in public on. Everyone's scared of soldiers. I was just. I just thought soldiers to someone to be scared of on not loved or appreciated like in other countries like the united states. Where marines and soldiers are like you know like congratulated and like everyone is like everyone even when you see military bug marines on the streets people say. Thank you for your service. But that's not the experience that i had in my country instead we were taught to fear them Democracy is definitely not a word back. Then when i was growing up to be talked about dawn sensor g like we couldn't talk about her. We couldn't bring up her name anywhere in public because you never know who's listening Back then undercover cops were huge thing so even in lake teashops in restaurants getting breakfast. it's a huge. It's a huge culture my country to go to teashops in the morning to catch up and talk about the daily news and stuff so they purposely would place these undercover cops in these teashops and restaurants so that they can listen to the citizens conversations Prosecute them at will if they may Yeah so it was very interesting growing up experience. If i look back to it now you also write about. The women led revolution which i don't think people hear so much about in burma. You talked about dogs song. You talked about on sun. Suci who was detained by the military on february first at the time of the military coup but the significance of. Who's in the streets right now. Erin yeah so a few weeks ago. We had the two main revolution to main as like a salon or a skirt by traditional sarong one by the women of mar and Our country has deep-rooted like misogyny Just culture wise We have this idea called pony. Which is a the topic that i talked about in the second article that i wrote for school poem which is like it's the idea that men have higher aura or like physical just like look right Ben women so this idea had been ingrained in all of us But than this has nothing to do with religion or anything. It's just a cultural thing where we've been rates but with this revolution. A few weeks ago women stood up to the front lines and women have been standing up in this this revolution women have been on the front lines on. They've been showing men have been proving all these misogynistic men that they have the power they have like. They can do what these men are doing. and so they started going out on the protests that went out on the streets tied their sarongs to sticks and wave them. Slacks proudly up in the air They started tying the their loan. Jeez and their undergarments on the street. Polls because it's also a belief that Men are about to walk under underneath these skirts women's clothing items and stuff like that so these soldiers were actually hesitant to cross these lines because they were women's undergarments that were blocking away so they had to spend time taking them down which protesters time to run away from them. Hide from them So i'm just I just so happy with people's creativity. he's back home in the way with sweet protests. And how we do it so seamlessly peacefully an aaron about that issue of the a peaceful protests have long been a ethnic groups in different parts of the country that have resisted the the control of the central government and back into british colonial period the british actually pitted different ethnic groups within burma against each other. I'm wondering how use your sense. The the potential for these the armed groups of the the ethnic minorities to unite with the broader peaceful movement that has developed in the cities against the dictatorships correct Growing up We were all taught a we were all like the news media portrayed these ethnic on military groups as rebel groups right so until honestly up until the of the coup I also believe that to be true. I just thought that They had these rebel military groups Little did we know now that we're there speaking up about it on the now on there. Now we find out that this military like ethnic cleansing has been going on for way too long and the people of burma were unaware of it in the major cities but All they were trying to do is to protect their own people from the military And now all the So-called rebel groups but they are no longer rebel groups. They are fighting for us. They're fighting for the people of mir mar They have been joining together to form our military to serve under the crp. H which is the committee representing with. Look which is the democratic government. group that we the people of miramar elected in twenty twenty elections That happened over finally. Are you afraid for your family back in burma berry like i would. I would like to think that they'd be safe inside their own homes up until recently but just seeing videos and news of them just barging into people's houses with no respect for human life. It's just honestly like you'd never know what they will do. they're targeting any activists Any anyone honestly late who who would go into a house to murder seven year old child you know. Well i wanna thank you for being with us and for your bravery and speaking out burmese student. Who's come to the. Us for college is a senior. At the new york institute of technology we will link to your pieces in the manhattan globe among them misogyny silenced. Feminism amplified next up. Today is international trans day. Visibility will look at the wave of anti trans laws that are being enacted across the country. Stay with us here. Conman us with ma chong in so miss yang So far you faced and who am. They're being no to mom. Now by celeste. This is democracy now. Democracy now dot org the quarantine report. I mean goodman. Is we turn now to look at a wave of anti trans laws being enacted across the united states with dozens more anti trans bills making their way through state legislatures. this week. The arkansas senate approved one of the most harmful bands on access to healthcare for transgender youth. The measure would prohibit the use of gender affirming care including hormones in puberty blockers. Care that has been lifesaving unless republican governor ace hutchinson vetoes. The bill are console will become the first state to ban gender. Affirming care to trans-youth earlier. This month arkansas tennessee and mississippi enacted new laws aimed at banning trans athletes from joining sports teams in tennessee. The legislation forces trans students to show legal documents revealing the sex. They were assigned at birth in order to participate in middle and high school. Sports and in south dakota republican governor christie gnome issued two executive orders monday banning trans women and girls from playing school sports as attacks against the trans community intensify so has their resistance with trans-youth leading the fight against violence and discrimination trans seventh grader. Chris wilkinson who plays football for north middle school and harrisburg south dakota. His last score refused to let him. It's team because he's trans. Wilco said football has saved. His life did not exist. I don't think i would be here. Respect the person next to you in the person behind you just let them live their life the way they want to and makes them feel accepted. Because that's all anyone ever wants. Today is international trans day visibility which this year was marked with a week of action urging people to be active in the fight against antitrust legislation violence and discrimination joining us. Now a rocco willis activists award winning writer former executive editor of out magazine and former national organizer for transgender law center. And chase strange. You the deputy director for transgender justice with the lgbt an hiv project. Raquel and chase cole road. A new piece in the nation titled visibility alone will not keep transgender youth safe. We welcome you both packed a democracy. Now chase strange. Let's begin with you. Can you review for us. The laws that are being voted on a cross country store with the latest arkansas. We are truly witnessing and escalation of attacks on trans people. Unlike anything i've ever seen in government this week the arkansas senate passed. hp fifteen seventy a sweeping bill that would strip young people of healthcare that we know they need to survive. It is going to the governor's desk. We only have four more days for him to veto. This bill and young people and their families across arkansas are already planning for the worst. People are considering fleeing their homes. Having to relocate to other states. Young people are in sheer panic. We have to understand. This is medically supported care approved by every major medical association. That people need to stay well to stay alive and we were on the verge of having that stripped away from hundreds of people across the state of arkansas and unfortunately there are similar bills pending currently in alabama and tennessee part of this wave of anti trans legislation that started at the beginning of twenty twenty one and has escalated throughout the state legislative sessions and chase to. What do you attribute this sudden wave of legislation and all various states across the country. I mean you know. This year is particularly egregious and sweeping. But this is something that is been the culmination of work from an anti trans anti lgbtq lobby for the past at least seven years and of course we can trace this history going back much much longer we can look at the moral panic of anita bryant of phyllis schlafly and even just looking in one hundred years in the past and the ways in which colonial powers used regulation and control over upset bodies to exert power. So there's a long history here. I think what we're seeing today in state. Legislatures is a particular effort to pivot from the anti trans restroom bills into a new form of regulation of trans young people and trans bodies and they have seen an opening because they built alliances even with some people who consider themselves liberals and progressives who have either remained relatively complacent or who have joined forces and the attacks on trans young people. So right now. We're seeing an escalation in super majority republican legislatures where we are not countering that escalation with the appropriate level of resistance given the magnitude of harm that is going to result to bring into the conversation. Rocco you tweeted the quote. The gop continues to terrorize communities on the margins. All across this country. This is why we must come together on these fights as a black trans woman from georgia. It's not lost on me of these fights against people of color and lgbt lgbtq. Folks are connected. Can you elaborate on that absolutely. Yeah you know. i'm from georgia. And when i think about my life all of my identities have played a role in in the way that i've navigated society and of course the way that i have been made a target and so when i think about the recent passage of voter voter restriction back in Georgia i think about the wave and woods. It's all about policing communities of color and and that is completely tied to this fight and this onslaught against trans people. It's about policing our bodies right. And so this is about us interrogating what power looks like and how it is wielded within our society it makes absolutely no sense for these people to be trying to control the lives of vulnerable communities. And when i think about trans children is so horrible how they are being stripped of their childhood and not even look out the humans that they are. I wanted to ask chase about one of the. Aclu's clients dry a year would black trans student athlete. Andre is a recent high school graduate. Who ran on our schools. Girls track team. Let's go to her in her own words. One of the issues Our community is facing. It hasn't been facing for while is misinformation in general who we are in our community stands for in our community is and wanting to combat that is education more more education within our school system. So that people don't say oh that's a man or woman miss gender education very important in having to understand what we as a community. What gets you will stand for chase. Can you tell us about intra. Yeah so i just want to start by saying under a year. Would and terry miller too young trans athletes from connecticut to young black women who have endured so many attacks simply for existing and participating in school sports alongside their peers. As they have every right to do andrea is young person who graduated from high school. She was a track athlete. She trained every day for four hours. Worked so hard loved the sport. And how is she rewarded for that. She is the centerpiece of attack campaign with pieces on fox. News targeting her a lawsuit brought by alliance defending freedom on behalf of sis gender athletes trying to block her from running in her senior year which ultimately all of their senior seasons were cancelled because of covid but the lawsuit continues even though she has quit the sport altogether due to the ongoing harassment that she experienced the lawsuit is continuing because they are trying to strip her and terry of their past titles and any win that they have achieved. They're trying to get it. You raised from records even records that are hanging in their individual high schools. They have been the subject of so much misinformation and assault and claims that they have displaced this gender athletes when all they were doing was running consistent with their rights under state and federal law winning sometimes they lost this gender athletes. And i think an important clarification point here is that there are claims that gender athletes are going to be somehow displaced in scholarships by transgender athletes. No trent out. Transgender woman are athlete from high school has ever achieved or received athletic scholarship to compete in flex at the collegiate level. Because there is so much discrimination. Terry and andrea never once got a recruitment call even though all of this gender athletes who are trying to block them from participating are currently on athletic scholarship in division one schools. We have a serious conversation to have about. How much discrimination trans people are facing and yet they're still escalating attacks if you can also elaborate on that raquel and talk about the peace. The two of you co authored for the nation visibility alone will not keep transgender youth safe. What will rock cal. Yeah i mean. I think a big part of the work that safe and i have been partnering on over this last week. As we've expanded trans day visibility into trance week of visibility and action is really getting people to be about that action. And so that means we can't just rest on some of the social strides that we've made whether it's in hollywood or on different screens and these different sector. Those things are powerful and great and we definitely need to see more of our stories in media in the way but we also need to be using that action. Such chains are material reality and protect our right and so this week has rarely been for us all about getting people mobilize so that they can contact makers let them know that trans people have a whole group. Folks who support us are behind us who love us and wanted to see us. Safe and protected when i think about Trans you i think about two trans youth who actually really inspired me because of the way that their lives ended just a few years ago so within months of each other leila alcorn young trans girl and blake rocking sending young trans boy die by suicide right and we know based on the things that they said and the people who knew them and of course a suicide letter leila had published online after she pads is that they felt like they were not being supported that there was no future for them out openly trans youth. And i'm afraid that if we don't get involved and be active we're gonna see that trend continue and chase. Give us a quick shake on her. How you see the biden administration of the actions. It's taken on behalf of the trans community in three first three months of the presidency. I think we've seen some important federal executive actions coming down from this administration. And i hope to see way. More aggressive and robust actions from this administration enforcing federal civil rights laws. I also you know as we think about what today represents i also want to hold the fact that the law alone isn't isn't gonna save us that we are ultimately going to have to energize and mobilize and build power for our. If i think of the two things to central things for me as a trans person that saved my life or sports and health care and those are things that are being stripped away from our young people and yes we already have the legal rights. It's all of these bills are illegal. They violate title nine. They violate the constitution. But we need mass mobilization resources to our translate organizations and support for our communities materially beyond what visibility can afford. And even beyond what the law can afford chase. You spoke to joanna brand the mother of a fifteen year old trends boy ahead of arkansas state. Senate vote earlier this month. This is joanna speaking about the importance of gender. Affirming care for her son dylan today. After two years of therapy doctors visits and almost eighteen months gender affirming hormone therapy and don is happy. Healthy confident and hopeful for his future is outside now. Mattress deals on the inside and his support to other. Lgbt kids tramps Trans girls our girls in trans boys. Our boys denying access to gender affirming. Healthcare is denying the right to be themselves. My son will be devastated if he is forced to stop his hormone treatment. All of the progress that he has made all the plans to be able to graduate from high school and go off to college presenting outwardly. In the full expression of how does the insider would come to a screeching halt. It would be heartbreaking. Not only for him but for all the other trans youth in arkansas. That depend on this care chase strange you. It looks like the governor is going to sign this legislation. is that right. I am hopeful that we can mobilize for. Vito and i think everyone should take action. We have a few days. Tell him tell him to veto it because it will send a message to trans young people and even if he does be to it. It's a simple majority override in the state legislature so we are preparing litigation because we want trans people to know that we will defend their ability to access us life. Saving care through any possible tool that we have in our toolbox and your final comments on this day of trans visibility racquel willis. Yes i mean. I think that we have to continue to have a nuance discussion about what visibility mean there are so many great strides that come from it but it also makes our community more of a target and the other thing i wanna say is that it's important for us along with being in contact with lawmakers to make sure. We're supporting the organizers and organizations who are on the front lines and lift every day so donate support their work. And we'll continue to move. Forward racquel willis leading transgender activists We will link to your and chase strangers. Peace in the nation headline visibility alone will not keep transgender youth safe chase stranger deputy director for transgender justice with the aclu next up state so excluding incarcerated people from saving covid nineteen. Vaccines will look at. How a new york judge has ruled this unfair and unjust stay with us report. The theme song took threatening weather. This is democracy now democracy now dot org the quarantine report. I'm amy goodman with juan gonzalez. If you'd like to get our daily digest the headlines of the day our stories and also news alerts you can sign up at democracy now dot org or text the word democracy now one word to six six eight six six. Well we end today's show. At how many states have excluded people hold in prisons and jails from lifesaving. Covid nineteen vaccine rollouts. Now in new york. Judge has ruled this as unjust and unfair for people held and one of the largest correctional systems in the country in a strongly worded decision. Monday new york state supreme court justice alison to it ordered the state to immediately vaccinate incarcerated people and said officials quote irrationally distinguish between incarcerated people and people living in every other type of adult congregate facility at great risk to incarcerated people's lives during this pandemic. This comes as people who work in. New york's prisons in jails became eligible to receive the vaccine in january justice to its decision also came as governor cuomo announced only yorkers over the age of thirty canal access. The vaccine she ruled incarcerated people. Even younger than thirty should also be offered the vaccinations now. The lawsuit was filed behalf of two people. Held a new york city's rikers island jail. Twenty four year. Old obama free us and fifty two year old charles holden who lives in a dorm with forty eight of fifty beds filled with the beds inches apart the complaint says he shares quote eating spaces. Toilets sinks showers televisions telephones and recreational spaces of other incarcerated. Men at mealtime eats a communal table surrounded by other incarcerated. People cannot wear masks while they eat in short quote every aspect of daily life is communal. He's not able to practice social distancing unquote currently about ten percent of people held at rikers have covid nineteen new york. Jails about thirty four thousand people only about thirteen hundred prisoners who were senior citizens or have pre existing conditions have already been fully vaccinated for more we go to sophie elisha the executive director of the alliance of families for justice which supports people impacted by the criminal justice system. She's also an attorney who's represented many political prisoners. Some of whom are now in their sixties seventies and eighties and contract covert. So feel we'll will come back to democracy. Now talk about the significance of this court. Ruling to its decision was extremely significant. Families advocates have been begging pleading and trying to prod department of corrections. Our community sue the vision and governor cuomo since the beginning of the pandemic to prioritize the health and safety of incarcerated people and all of our efforts seemed to have fallen on deaf ears. It's unfortunate that it took court intervention in order to make the state do what it's supposed to do and we applaud the courage of to it and issuing this very important decision. I'm wondering if you could talk about. The population and in new york state cleared the prison system of new york. State has had a sharp drop in the number of incarcerated people but also those incarcerated have grown increasingly having the the the The number or percentage of the inmates who are in the most vulnerable population yes. The median age of the prison population. Not only in new york but across the country has increased. that's due in part to harsh sentences have been handed down for decades in our country and in this state and the people who are incarcerated. Who are older are at greater risk and because of their health conditions so we have a virtual ticking time bomb with respect to the health of incarcerated people in older incarcerated people and he took a very long time for new york state to finally even offered testing to the incarcerated population. Any longer to offer vaccinations for the incarcerated population. I wanted to ask you about a bill. That was passed by the new york state. Lawmakers that would end the excessive use of solitary confinement governor. Cuomo has less than twenty four hours to sign the bill and the albany times union editorial of this week called for a halt to this prison torture. Could you talk about the prospects of the governor's signing this bill. We certainly support signing the bill. I think all informed advocates and well meaning people understand that the use of solitary confinement is torture. Shame that it's taken this long for this issue to rise to the level now where it's sitting on the governor's desk whether or not the governor is going to sign. It still remains to be seen. Certainly he ought to advocates gearing up to today to increase the pressure on him to sign. This bill doesn't sign. The bill is basically Signing off on an agreed to torture inside prisons and jails in the state on sufi elijah. I wanted to ask you about two people still in person mumia abu-jamal and the former member of the black panther party. Cindy atta coli. Who's now eighty four years old has been in prison new jersey for nearly half a century. Even though he's been eligible for parole for almost three decades he was denied. Parole again in february. In fact an appeals court said he should be freed. You've supported a coli for decades last year. He contracted covid nineteen and was hospitalized. He reportedly as early stage dementia. You think live long enough to appear before the parole board again and describe what could happen when his case is reviewed later this year by new jersey's supreme court and then talk about mumia abu-jamal and he also contracted Covid nineteen in a pennsylvania. Prison yes thank you cindy outta has been denied parole six times by the new jersey parole board each time. They claim that he's a risk to public safety. He's eighty four years old and in since nineteen seventy nine. He's been held in federal facilities and his last job in the federal facility where he's held now before the pandemic was to teach a course called avoiding criminal thinking which he was tapped to to teach by the bureau of prisons to incarcerated men so that they could avoid recidivism when he when they return to society so clearly he presents no risk in eighty four years old with dementia. It is. it's just unfounded. That they should continue to deny him. His current hit before the parole board which means how old he would have to be before he could return is ninety three and he is waiting now to see how much more time the parole board is going to tack onto that before he should be eligible to return to the parole so basically they are hoping and trying to make sure that he dies in prison. It's important to understand that in new jersey there is a presumption of a right to parole so when someone serves the minimum sentence than they should be eligible for parole unless they are disciplinary record indicates otherwise so the oughta has had a completely disciplined free record for the past twenty seven years so he's been more than eligible for release this fall. The new jersey supreme court will hear the appeal of his denial of his fourth appearance before the parole board and we are hopeful that this will be successful in the courts in new jersey and we just twenty seconds sophia. The latest. i'm amelia buccio. Who cova also contract. Covert nineteen inside the prison and it's a clear. Indication is talked about earlier about the lack of social distancing in the lack of adequate healthcare for incarcerated people an hoping pregnant when the a surprise so feel launch. I want to thank you so much for being with us. Executive director of the alliance of families for justice. That does it for show a very happy birthday to mike. Burke and a fun farewell to libby rainy our producer who have traveled all over from the firefighting prison prisoner prison camps in northern california to the border to those long train rides between washington. Dc at the last minute in new york and wherever a un climate summit is in the world your compassion. Your humor and your intelligence will be missed and fond farewell and best of luck in law. School i mean he goodman with juan gonzalez. Thanks so much for joining us.

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Can particles travel faster than light?

Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

45:50 min | 1 year ago

Can particles travel faster than light?

"Hi this is Daniel from Daniel and explain the universe. The future is closer than you think. And it all starts in the palm of your hand you may have heard the the news five G. is coming but what does that really mean. How will it impact me in this new? I heart series this time tomorrow presented by t mobile for business join hosts AUSE will lotion and care price as they walk us through a mobile revolution. That will change the way we interact with the world around us from environmental science to law enforcement. Entertainment Healthcare and travel innovation is coming join them as they explore how this revolution could impact hacked your life and give you new ways to connect and engage this time. Tomorrow is now available on the iheartradio APP or wherever you listen to podcasts. A Love Sports and I love my wife. I will destroy you. We haven't even started yet. If you're the type of fan WHO LOVES TO DEBATE JORDAN VERSUS LEBRON LAMBEAU versus soldier field or even the SANDLOT versus Major League. You will love listening to our podcast. The greatest we asked some of our favorite comedian for celebrities to come and constructively argue everything within in the world of Sports with my comedian and sports fanatic wife. Megan gaily and my hilarious writer and comedian husband's C.. J. Toll it on. Oh the greatest on iheartradio APP apple podcasts. Or wherever you listen to podcasts Hey Daniel what happens if you break a law of physics. Is this a hypothetical medical question or you like looking for physics legal advice. I mean I'm not saying I'm building a faster than light black hole machine in my backyard. I'm just you know just hypothetically medically what would happen to me legally if I broke a law physics well speaking for physics as a spokesperson for physics physics. Pretty unforgiving you just can't break the locks union. I can't go to jail or get a physics fine. We have a black hole. We through all those people into that is physics jail as your physics lawyer. I advise you not to break any laws of physics Or hammy cartoonist. In the creator of Cummings Hi. I'm Dana White's in I'm a particle physicist and I'm always looking for ways to accomplish what we need to without breaking the laws of physics and together the authors of the book. We have no idea a guy to the unknown Universe now translated to over twenty three languages. I just finished the Ukrainian version. It's awesome Oh yeah we're we're the jokes as funny in Ukrainian or maybe more funny this sort of a dry sense of humor there. You know in Ukrainian. It's a different culture language. No I have no idea really tippety. How many translates our sort of silly sense of humor into Korean or Ukrainian? But they they'd done. I'm sure there's a word for Fart in all of does languages. We'll that's a question. which country has the most words for farts right right twitter? Get on it. uh-huh we challenge you but that book tells you not just about how to say farts in Korea and Polish but also about the mysteries of the universe and how so many of them are left left unsolved so many of them that maybe you or your kids or your grandkids might be the one to reveal something fascinating mind blowing and basic about the universe. We find find ourselves in. Yeah Mason questions some of which we tackle here in our podcast. So welcome to Daniel and Jorges explained the universe a production of iheartradio in which we explore all the unknowns and the knowns about the universe the known the unknown unknowns the knowns in the known unknowns for the complete Matrix of newness I don't know about that man but Yeah we talk about How it all works and specifically I guess we talk about what you can and cannot not do in the universe yet? Physics SORTA works in both directions on one hand. Were looking around the universe and trying to figure out what are the rules. You know. This happens and that doesn't doesn't happen. Why doesn't that ever happen? How can we never see anything? Break this rule. I guess it's a fundamental rule the universe but also goes the other way. Were like well given these rules. How do we accomplish what we want to know? How do we get to Alpha Centauri in a reasonable amount of time? How do we get enough energy to fuel all the demands of humanity so sort of works in both directions? Yeah where said Warp drive still waiting before my flying car and teleport or I might actually come before four flying cars really. Yeah will warp jibes. You know theoretically solved there some practical problems there. We talked about on our podcast. You know like you do eat the entire massive Jupiter in order to accomplish one trip but hey it's just an engineering problem I see is theoretically be have warp drives retold outlet actively practicing. We're not there yet. We're not there yet but I think flying cars are harder because it's not just an engineering problem. It's like a sociological problem. Like you know you you turn left turn right you turn up you know. Everybody has to learn how to drive those things. It's GonNa be a nightmare who who wants fine cars to be stuck in three dimensional national traffic. Maybe we should only flying cars after we get self driving cars so in Gazelle driving flying cars. I can't tell that's the best idea or the worst idea. I will say to theoretically good idea. And then leave it to the juniors. Something I've always wanted to do is visit other star systems and walk on the surface of other planets but of of course these planets are all so far away that given the limitation of the speed of light. It would take forever to get there right. Yeah I mean. It's a huge in amazing universe with you probably incredible and Lamba links to see. But they're all they're all really far away raid. The nearest star is at least what three three light years away Proxima Centauri is a more than three light years away and our God sees one hundred thousand light years across the nearest galaxy is much much further away so you might think that makes the universe inaccessible but your physics lawyer will provide a physics loophole yet in the in the contract attractive. The Universe is at Loophole is or in the laws ridden. Yea If you want to accomplish something and there's a law sort of stopping you you've got to think to yourself. Do I really need to break this law or is there another way to get there. And so in the case of warp drives. It's a really elegant solution. It says you know nothing can move through space faster in light all right. Well then. Don't move through space bend space so as not action so far away it's good. It's a really beautiful sort of example of how to think it differently. So you're not breaking the rules but you're getting what you want if Muhammad Kam Come to office in Tory story tomorrow as there are loopholes eh in physics and ways in which the unbreakable law. But if you think about it a little bit there may be ways that you can work around it right. Yeah precisely sleep and this one. Nothing can travel faster than light. This one's pretty susceptible to pulse really. It's a fraud a lights. It's it's not well. Written and the guys who drafted initially bay should have thought about all the clauses and the the endorphins and the various scenarios Kerley was written by a physicist madeline. It and now it's physics that are helping us get around it and especially particle physics because we talked in the pies guys before about particles that move oof faster than the speed of light like tack Yawns. But there's another thing you can do. You can actually get normal. Everyday particles like electrons IMMU. On's going faster than light picked. It feels like you're saying something profane or something a heretical young. I sort of liked that. I'm sort of like you know talking to challenge in the face of the universe like I think you got this law. Watch this watch me go faster. I'm GONNA break this rule right in front of you. Yes it's on the program we'll be tackling the topic. How particles can go faster than light? Today's topic is not a question for the first time. Usually we have a question as the title of the episode but today it's a statement research we are standing up for particles and say you can't tell them what to do. Yeah and it's it's a prescriptive title to right. I guess we're going to explain how particles can go faster than light. Yes we certainly are really gonNA explain how it happens than how it works. And also we're gonNA answer some other lingering questions in your mind like why are nuclear power. Plants always shown as glowing blue in the movies. 'cause because green means there goes. I guess I was. I was wondering what you're going to say. There's participate signs point of view yet different colors. I mean different things. Yeah res- Danger Right. Great I was saying is green is goes from ghostbusters. Green with envy. But I I. How's The blue is sort of like cold? Things like ice blue but power plants and nuclear power plants. They're always glowing glue. I've actually seen it myself in real life. We have a nuclear power plant under the chemistry building here at UC Irvine. Wade they do glow blue. You're not you're not kidding. I'm not kidding man. This is a sign walk up. I think in real life nuclear power plants glow blue in real life nuclear power plants glow. Blue it's not just it's real live. Seen it with my own eyeballs. Oh man and you're still alive alive. Well this is simulation of me. That does the podcast with you. Still trusted the cloud. encasing radiation proof skin. I am Doctor Manhattan. That's at the into watching it all this time. Oh my goodness you get to choose. Made everything all these episodes appear out of nowhere. Oh Wow conductor mutton Manhattan. Have A podcast gassed about probably be a little disorienting. But he doesn't seem to have a great sense of humor I think he's all powerful. Why can't think of a joke because he already knows theanswer? Oh so the an element of comedy surprise of you know the future of course for does if you haven't seen it from the show watchmen and the of course first. Graphic novel watchmen but as Greg Glowing. Blue is a thing related to physics in nuclear power plants into. That's we'll get into today that's right in the technical L. named What we'RE GONNA explain? Today's called Charikov radiation named for I guess Bob Terekhov or Sam Offer Sally turn. Coffee were discovered. Probably maybe likely was like we're likely resear- obvious and so I walked around campus here at UC Irvine. And I asked those people if they had heard of trend cooperation and if they thought particles could move faster than the speed of light so think about it for a second and ask yourself if someone asks you. If you knew what's your income radiation was and Parkas can go faster than light. Where would you answer is what they had to say? Have you heard of shrink off radiation. I know I haven't do you think NCA- any particles can travel faster than light i. I don't know if this is accurate but I think like I in Steiner's someone like said that it is impossible to travel faster than light. No I have no idea. Maybe I think it depends on how small they are and like. I really know too much about like the smallest particles or anything so I think it could be possible. No don't really was the name of eight sisters to harbor. They're so small but they can contact each other really farley distance. Maybe you're in light. Yeah Yeah I think so. Yeah I believe so. Oh but couldn't defend that answer now no one because isn't the speed of light. The fastest thing all right a lot of pretty good good law abiding citizens as aggression. Nobody thought you can break the law of physics now. Some people did some people say well it depends how small they are. That's my favorite one the small enough then. The laws don't apply or something like I see. The light is small enough if the light of your smaller numbers if the light is small if the particles are small enough and thinking like some minimum size for things these rules apply for like you know if you're smaller than one meter than these rules apply and that makes some sense. Because you're like half of a point particle size then maybe go faster and the focus some in quantum mechanics you know. Maybe it's quantum magic something something something I c cause because it does seem in quantum physics there are you guys. Do Use teleportation sometimes or you know sort of like going across some barrier or ray or information traveling faster than light. We do sort of do things that seem impossible using quantum mechanics. The we never send information faster than the speed of light and you know we do. Attach quantum to things that don't really make sense like we talked about quantum cheetos on the podcast last time did we did. We was that just a dream flaming dream. Yeah all right. Let's I'm not talking about Daniel's flaming hot dreams. Yes let's talk about how particles can go faster than light. So you're saying it's kind of a loophole in the laws of physics. Yeah he had to be really careful about how you read these rules so you know exactly what it applies to the law says nothing can go faster than light in vacuum. Feel like. That's where the maybe the caveat it is in a vacuum yes in a vacuum and so the key thing to understand there is that it's not nothing can ever move faster than a photon moves. which is the common interpretation and right like light always wins a race? It's that there is a maximum speed limit to the universe and that maximum speed limit is the speed that light travels when it's in a vacuum right and a vacuum in this case obviously is not a carpet vacuum. If you're talking about space are- talking talking about non space very talked about emptiness. Oh man as a whole forty-five minutes digression there but yet we're sort of talking about empty space as as empty. Space Base can get rights-based. Let's face nut myspace. Face always has quantum fields particle. Can't move through space if it didn't have quantum fields because a particle is just a ripple in the quantum fields but as empty as space can get. That's how light can travel the fastest. But it's not really about light you know we call it the speed of light because in a vacuum. That's how fast like goes but it's really the speed of information in the universe. Despite which anything can travel not just light but just anything in this in space the tribe. It's the top speed for information which means it's the fastest. The ripples can move through quantum fields which means that particles which Dr Ripples in those fields can never move faster than that speed now. Lots of particles move slower than that speed right or massive particles can be at rest but it's sort of more about the the speed limit of the universe and not about the photons themselves and it's it's sort of and not just particles Riley. Gravity can travel faster than light. Either that's why that's why we have gravitational waves gravitational information like if you deleted the sun from the universe not something. I recommend that we would still feel. It's gravity ready for eight minutes. Eight minutes later. Yeah we be we would feel the lack of Assad yeah precisely and so because information takes time to propagate through the universe and that's all about the fields. What happens if you delete the sun from the universe will the gravitational field of the SUN SORTA snaps back into flatness but that's snapping takes time to propagate through the field is no instantaneous transmission of information so it's really about information as transmitted through quantum fields builds? That's the fundamental limitation and everything else just sorta falls out of that. So that's the law. The law says nothing can go faster than light in a vacuum so then we're loophole or the loophole. Is that if you could somehow slow down light then you can move faster than light. Both of you are under the speed. Be Limited the universe if you can slow down your opponent and you can beat your opponent. You only have to run faster than your friend when the bears chasing you kind of situation. Not if the goal is to move faster than light then yeah all you need to do is somehow slow down light if your goal is to move faster than the speed of light does INA vacuum. I can't you're that's impossible. Oh I see it's possible to go faster than light quote unquote but maybe not Possible to go faster within the fastest lyco precisely. And so it's sort of a legalistic answer right. Can you go faster than light. Oh yes sure I just slow lie down and then I can easily Lee stroll past photons so it depends on what you wanted to do. If you wanted to move faster than light doesn't evacuate wanted to get to Alpha Centauri in two seconds. That might not be possible if you have to move through space but if you want to have the experience of having your particles beat photons in a race that is possible all right. That doesn't sound like it's super easy to do but it sounds like maybe it is pretty easy to do. So let's get into how we can slow lie down so we can beat it and what that means four nuclear reactors but first let's take a quick break Hi this is Daniel from Daniel and for hey explain the universe the future is closer than you think and it all starts in the palm of your hand you may have heard the news. Five G. is coming but what does that really mean. How will it impact me in this new iheart series this time tomorrow presented by t mobile for business join Hosts Aswa Lotion and care price as they walk us through a mobile revolution. That will change the way we interact with the world around us from environmental science to law enforcement. Entertainment Healthcare and travel innovation is coming join them as they explore. How this revolution could impact your life and give you new ways to connect and engage this time? Tomorrow is now available on the iheartradio APP or wherever you listen to podcasts. Did you know that many anti purse aspirant's contain aluminum salts which form a plug in your th wetlands to keep you from sweating now you can try native a deodorant without aluminum parabens or talk. Native Deodorant is made with ingredients like coconut oil and shea butter. It's also Vegan never tested on animals. Making this switch doesn't mean you have to sacrifice any performance. 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When you check out that's native deodorant dot Com using the Promo Code Universe so try native deodorant and smell fresh all right Daniel so newsflash while we were on break? You like the Turin Club's first name was what's his first name. Yeah so it's not your return Golfer. Sally Terekhov Gov it's possible drink off and he won the Nobel Prize in Nineteen fifty eight for explaining this amazing phenomena how particles give off this crazy blue glow when they do beat photons in a race did he know why it was like I guess. That's why he got the Nobel Prize but did he knows the implications of it. I mean this is the kind of thing that he predicted and understood and then was observed and so they give the Nobel Prize when you sort of understand something that actually happens in the universe. Let's talk about how particles particles can go faster than light. which apparently they can so? There's a loophole in the laws of physics. At say you can go faster than light can beat light under certain conditions. That's right and those conditions are the make light go slower. And you're probably thinking hold on a second how could like go slower light is made a photons and photons have no mass in everything that has no mass has to move at the speed of light because otherwise you could like catch up to it and be hanging out with it but like photons have no mass so what happens if you catch up to them. They're nothing right. Light is also this funny thing because a lot of relativity rate depends on this idea that light can always travels at the speed. No no matter how fast you're going or how you're looking at yeah. This is amazing principle in special relativity that says everybody who measures the speed of light even the same light light always gets the same answer regardless of how fast they're moving relative to each other. So if I'm shining a flashlight and I measured the speed of those photons that of course at the speed of light but if I'm standing on a train that's going half the speed of light and you're on the ground and you measure the light command by photons. You don't get one point five times I'm to speed of light. You still get the speed of light and somebody coming. The other direction measures still gets the speed of light. And that's where all the crazy effects come from in relatively but you're saying that it is possible possible to slow light down to How does that happen will? It's going to be another sort of legalistic answer right. So it's true that photons always moveth speed of light in vacuum but when they're in a material a material you'd think of as sort of like a collection of atoms or molecules like wait. It's moving thanks through something. Not just empty space. Yeah and those things slow it down. It's like walking across an empty room versus walking across a room with a bunch of your friends in it. Every time you take a step you're going to interact with one of those molecules. One of your friends say. Hey who has a goal and and you have to respond to them and it's GonNa slow you down right. That's why I don't have any friends I'd like to get going. I find that is the most efficient way to live your life interact with humanity and then Hussein bald on a track can go really fast but same bold going through a credit room flip Daniels. Friends would take him at lager. Yeah precisely so the Photon. You can imagine it moving through this material and interacts with those atoms in some sense. It's getting like absorbed and remitted or the very least getting deflected by lied these electrons. And so it's not just moving through the material industry line is either getting absorbed and remitted or deflected sort of back and forth a little bit. And then it's effective. Speed is slower than the speed of light so you can think that between interaction with Adams still moving at the speed of light in vacuum but you have to factor in the time it takes to get absorbed by the electron to get remitted or you have to think about this sort of effective path length. If you're going up and down because you're getting Interacting with the electrons Iran and the nuclear fields than you getting pushed in the wrong direction. A little bit and see your speed is going to be a little slower. It takes more time to get through like a pane of glass glass than it would to get through the same distance. Vacuum light takes longer to go through glass than it does through water or air. Light takes longer to go through water there or glass than it does to get through a vacuum and every material. Has You know some number. We call this the index of refraction. That tells you how much light is slowed down. I I guess my question is if it's getting absorbed and remitted. Is it still the same light. That is a question for the philosophy department. Mostly is the same photon. It hasn't the same roughly the same direction and carries a lot of the same information. But if a photon is absorbed remitted is it the same photon. We talked about that on the podcast. When we're talking about like the age of the electrons in your body if they don't interact and it's the same one that interact? Is it really still the same. One We know every particle is interacting with quantum quantum virtual particles even the vacuum and so from that point of view like particle never lives for more than ten in the minus twenty five seconds and so no particles the same as it was before but effectively. You shine a beam of light through glass. You're thinking with the same beam that's coming out the other side so really what. Dreams student is measuring the velocity through the pain of glass. Okay so then if I shoot some light into glass it's going to slow down into. That's one way that you can beat light. Eka Run outside outside of the glass. Oh you could run on the side glass. But some particles don't interact with the material like you send him you on through a block of ice. It doesn't interact Iraq with the material as much as a photon does to the Tonga slowed down. But the MU on sort of standoffish. It's like walking through a room of your friends and ignoring all of them. Particle liked me on can go through glass and it doesn't stop as much as a photon. Because I guess the articles don't like it or it's all depends on the interactions. Yeah the Photon is slow down because it interacts with those atoms. The photon is a photon interact with everything that has charge. That means atomic nuclei and atomic electrons. But IMMU on his heavier and that mass prevented from interacting as much because the rate of interaction there is dependent on the mass and so it helps us to ignore those particles and you know other particles like neutrinos. They don't even feel electro-magnetic interactions so they fly through this stuff and they hardly even get slow down at all. It's like it just bulldozes through the crowd. Yeah well it. It feels like it's not even really they're the end. So your speed through material depends on how much you interact with that material and if photons interact more than your particle does than photons will get slowed down more than your particle does and your particle will win. It will come down the other side of that material faster earlier than the other photon. Dooby always always glad at the speed of light cannot go the speed of light now because no particle that has mass can go the speed of light but they can go really fast they can go point nine nine nine C. or or some of you accelerate me on enough And then stuck in a piece of glass with a Photon the would win. Yeah if you shoot him you on gun one point nine nine nine C.. And you have a a laser next to it than the new ones GonNa come outside the a piece of glass faster. The laser would good for the meal on uh-huh and electrons do this also an electric go faster than light to electrons can go fast and light as well and that's actually gives you the blue glow and when particles do go go faster than light than they have. This really crazy effect called shrink off radiation and is actually Terekhov. He saw this blue glow and that he used this idea to explain it. Nobody understood like why is this stuff glowing blue in these early nuclear experiments and he's the one who came up with this explanation that maybe they're glowing blue because they're going faster than the speed of lightening worked out all the math and he showed why it happens. But what did he actually see like what was in front of him was the Radioactive material or was it a dislike going going through glass but was that the thing that he actually noticed what they were doing is they had A bottle of water and they were shooting it with radiation right. This is the early days in the thirties before we really understood nuclear physics as well as we do now and they were just shooting with particles and they saw this blue light. Come out and you know. They didn't understand what caused it now. Of course we understand that it was triggering other radioactive processes in the water and some of those shootout electrons that moved through the water faster and then the light can and then he gives off this blue glow which one of my favorite things in physics. You've been radiation. Radiation is pretty awesome the color blue. No it's a nice blue but this blue glow comes from special effects and it's sort of similar to sonic boom all right. Let's get into this. Sonic boom the light. And let's get into. It actually happens when you go faster than light but first let's take a quick break brought to you by Iino the capital one assistant that catches things that might look wrong with your credit card sends an alert to your phone and helps you fix them another way capital. One is watching out for your money when you're not what's in your wallet. SEE CAPITAL DOT COM for details. Twenty twenty the is here and with the New Year comes time for change. If getting a new job is your New Year's resolution express employment professionals can help visit expresspros breasts pros dot com or download. The APP to apply Today Express connects job seekers to local companies in a variety of positions ranging from industrial jobs including leading distribution assembly and production as well as engineering skilled trades and customer. Service Express is committed to your success. Best of all oh express never charges a fee to job seekers. That's right finding a job with them. Free and interviewing can be as simple as a phone call. Getting started is easy. Submit one application. And you're in the running for numerous jobs in your community to find one of their more than eight hundred locations go to expresspros there's pros dot com or on their express jobs APP express nose jobs get to know express so it is possible to beat light and go faster than light but but only if you go through a material that slows light down and it only use something. That doesn't get slow down by class to end. You're saying that's where we're this charango creation dumpster. Yeah I think about like a boat on a on a lake if you just dropped a rock into a lake then what happens you get. Ripples ripples move out from the Rock uh-huh but if you drop a series of rocks then you get a series of ripples now imagine you're dropping a series of rocks but you're moving faster than the ripples then you end up with this week behind the boat for example. That's why if you drive a boat quickly you get a wake behind the boat because you're moving faster than the waves that remade by your boot. And and they're building up their building up on top of each other and you're saying that that happens with light. Yeah and the same thing happens in the air if you move faster than the speed of sound and you get a sonic boom. It's like a wake in the air. All those sounds are adding up together to make you the this one big wave so all the noise of the airplane airplane from one second ago in two seconds ago and five seconds ago all arriving at the same time. Because it's moving faster than the sound is making like it's moving faster than the light can and get out of your way and so you sort of accumulate a whole bunch of air in front of you. That's kind of what the sonic boom is that the sonic boom is and you hear it when that wake washes ashes over you. If you're on the surface now the cool thing is if you move faster than light than you moving faster than the image that you make okay. So this is like an optic boom. Oh yeah like aluminum bloom. I don't know you should come up with a name for it but if that sounds like something you'd use in production election of a movie so I guess pay me through this. I'm you on or some other radio active particle in a moving through glass and a moving faster than light. So any light that you admit you are leaving it behind. And then if a second later you emit more light you're also leaving that behind so now the light is sort of spreading Out Behind you just the way a boat would when it's moving across the surface of a lake you moving faster than the light you're making as just the same way about makes awake or an airplane going faster than the speed of sound makes a sonic boom which is just a wake in the air. You're making a wake of light weight. I guess I'm not quite sure understanding understanding so let's say I wasn't going faster than light so I'm gone. I'm going through glass slowly. I hit a piece of glass and I- amid photon right. That's kind of what happens. And so that the Photon Just flies up in front of me or what you know if you're moving slower than light like most of his do most days than the any image you make any light you emit leaves you and you don't catch up to it right right and it's gone in front of me and God behind me. You emit light light in all directions right. You're not like a black hole on one side wins a nuance or similar. They can emit light any directions and when they move to a medium. They tend to radiate a little bit Okay when they emit light light sort of in every direction so imagine like circular wavefront leaving this mu on those photons shot out in every direction from you on but now the mmu on overtakes the ones that were going in the direction it was going and it makes another way front leading it. So this is like dropping another rock in the lake and that one adds adds up to the photons made previously and then it gets it catches up to those and passes those and makes another one and so add these ripples get larger and larger they adept this wavefront in that way front is the luminol bloom or more. Whatever you WANNA call it This week in light that it's making and that is the blue glow. Oh and because of the way they add up because the moon is going so fast it tends to happen more often at bluer frequencies and so it actually emits a turn off radiation at a whole spectrum of frequencies. You just mostly see the blue part because it happens more often in the blue range and so that's what trink off radiation is The the sonic boom for light. And that's what you're seeing when you look at a nuclear reactor you're seeing electrons that are kicked off from new from radioactive decay from nuclear reactions. Reaction's going faster than light Chan in that water or in that material that they're sitting Because they're getting kicked out really fast they're gonNA kick that really fast faster in life can go through whatever material they're sitting in I see a normal electrons like if I just want a current some water not recommended in your your bathtub but if I just cost short in like a body of water I wouldn't get this blue globe. You need electrons to be going really fast and and the same way if you took those same really fast electrons and you teleported them into space. You had that reaction happens base. You wouldn't get the blue glow. Because the blue glow only comes from beating the speed of those photons in that material and some vacuum. You can't be disputed. Those materials because in these nuclear reactions usually have these fuel rods embedded in some material to capture the energy etc to cool it than the electrons can go faster than the photons do through that cooling material which is usually some special kind of water because the industry in the nuclear reactor. It's it the electricity shooting off really really fast which is causing then the if that's what the water is four right. It's slow down the electric enough. I think so yeah. It gathers the energy from the neutrons electrons fly off and also I think it keeps the fuel rods from getting too hot and going critical from extensive research and watching in watching Scher Noble. From extensive. Research Watching Watchmen and Dr Manhattan and you can conclude that it is possible for a God to fall in love with a woman that's right and you know it really is true in real life that nuclear reactors glow blue. And I think that's why people associate that color with nuclear reactions. That's probably why. The artist for watchmen made Dr Manhattan Globe. Blue interesting and you. You've seen this with your own eyes. You do you like the tub of water glowing blue. Yeah you can go down the basement. One of the chemistry buildings here at UC Irvine have a working nuclear reactor and you can just look at any glows blue. Anyone from the street can just walk into nuclear reactor tell him Dana White's incentives details into the blue water and that sounds totally save. No you can't is down. You have to arrange a tour. And it's limited to thinks students in this. The SPF here at UCI which is awesome arranges a tour were of the nuclear reactor every year for the physics Grad students and undergrads. And so I- tagged along one time. All right so that's pretty cool that we can beat light in a foot race. I guess. Listen if you're ever inside with material and so that's pretty good bragging rights and also it's nice to just flaunt the loss of expect. Does that feel good. It does it does feel good to say you thought you can limit us. You can get what we want. Humanity can out lawyer U universe. We are better lawyers than you. It's like when your parents said no more than two cookies and then you eat ice cream instead and you said well you didn't say anything about ice cream adversarial. I'm sure your parents love. It was like the university hypothetical situation all right. So then what is it a besides Nice Blue Glow and sit of bragging rights. What what can we use this effect for his useful for anything either are experiments that are looking for really high energy neutrinos coming from other galaxies or who knows what it and they pass through? The Earth sees the entire earth as a detector and as the passing through the earth. They emit IMMU- on they turn into a MU on. And what we I WANNA do is capture that Milan and in order to do that you need a really large detector. You need like a cubic mile of detector in order to measure the speed needed these things so what they do is they. Use a cubic mile of ice. They go down anti-drug to go where there's like miles and miles of ice and they embed candidate drill these. He's crazy long mile long holes and they drop down a string of cameras and they're just pour water over it freezes up and they never see them again but the have a one mile cube a huge is cube and they have all these strings of cameras drill down into it and they seem yuan's coming coming up from inside the Earth and meeting shrink off radiation inside the ice was flash. Does he flasher those he the ice glow this see this ring racketeering operations like a sonic boom. It comes off in this circle so you see this ring of blue come to the ice and you can use that to measure the direction and it's speed you're saying these neutrinos that create them you want. The neutrinos come from who knows where and then they pass through the earth sort of like upwards going went through the earth and then in the earth make these New Orleans and then we see them Yuans in the ice through this Terekhov Radetich. These are going faster than light. Yeah the really really high energy nuance. And they're going faster than light does in the ice and they make these crazy blue glow and so. This is a technique used particle physics all the time to spot really fast particles because they make the special radiation and the angle that of the the light comes off them tells you if the exactly the velocity of the particle. 'cause he can tell how how fast it's going by when it hits different cameras legacy an image of it. Yeah you can see an image you can see the circle that admits and you're the particle is going right through the center enter. The Circle Emits this cone of Blue Light and the angle of that cone tells you the Velocity of the particle and of course the went through the center. See you know the direction and so you get these awesome three d images and I just loved the idea of like drilling down a mile into ice and dropping cameras into basic. Feel better about dropping your iphone in your toilets. Scientists have done much much worse. Yes it's it's a pretty cool experiment you maybe get into Antarctic signs. It seems like they do a lot down there and you can actually even see of radiation with your own eyes. Do I have to be a mile down into the Antarctic ice. You don't you just have to get lucky. Because the material in your eyeballs also has the same property photons go through. It's is lower than high energy particles so fa mu on passes through this victorious. Humor this goop that's inside your eyeball. You will see a flash of blue really if a if a fast moving on Goes into my I if I took them you on gun and I shot a beam of nuance into your eyeballs. which will not do? But you will see a blue glow in your eyes you would be Dr Manhattan basically or you would look like Dr Been. That's exactly please please put us on a closed Daniela. But I'm definitely that cut. I mean at least as Blat. Nice black shorts Pitas anywheres. Yeah so you can see trick of radiation with your own eyes now. It's very common but it can be done. Wow I never thought about that. I guess the light that's hitting. The back of my eye is not going as fast as it could be. No it's slowed down by the group in your eyeballs. If your eyeballs had vacuums in them that you'd see things a tiny sooner right yeah. I'm getting at unnecessary delay. My information here. I feel like there's a star by DEA somewhere. They're tiny it faster gear. What's your Netflix? Shows a little bit faster technically by inserting. I mean this is a good thing. This is not a medical advice show right and everything will look less blue. Also that's true you are well. That's a pretty interesting phenomenon and it's pretty interesting to know that the loss of physics have loopholes like who knows what else else can have a new loophole. That's right so come by to Dana Whiteson physics attorney at law and I will figure out how to accomplish what it is. You WanNa get done without breaking any the laws of physics and saying go to Whiten Whiteson and Watson. That's right black hole immigration attorneys light light particle physicists. Do you have an undocumented black hole in your backyard we can help you. Have you been in physics accident. Even if you fall we will speculate about the cause. -ality was delayed. How the leg got Tabo? It's not as fog a pre existing condition of the universe. All right well. It's pretty cool. And who knows what other loopholes are. Will we'll discover in the future. That's right this should inspire you because if there's something you want to get done university you thought it was impossible. There might be a way to work around the laws of physics. All right thank give very much for joining us guys and gals out there. We hope you enjoyed that. See you next time. And if you're interested in asking us a question you'd like to hear his answer on the podcast please. Don't be shots. And the two questions and Daniel in horry dot com still have a question after listening to all these explanations. Please draw line. We'd love to hear from you. You can find us at facebook twitter and instagram Daniel and horrid. That's one word or email feedback at Daniel and or hey dot com. Thanks for listening and remember that Daniel Jorges blend. The Universe is a production of heart. Ready more podcast. iheartradio visit the iheartradio APP apple podcasts. Or wherever you listen to your favorite shows Hi I'm Bobby Brown. Welcome to my podcast beyond the beauty. A new show from iheartradio. I'm going to be sitting down with different people. Uh each week that I think we can all learn from IHEART. Radio is number one for podcast but don't take our word for it. Listen to beyond the beauty on the iheartradio APP apple podcasts. Or wherever you get your podcast because we all have something to learn about the real meaning of. I'm Brooke shooter. 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