2 Burst results for "henry sylvester williams"
"henry sylvester williams" Discussed on Monocle 24: The Foreign Desk
"Was an adherent of the movement and or philosophy known as plan africanism. An idea which has meant different things in different times and different places. To look at what pan africanism means now I'm joined finally by professor rayland rabak, director of the center for African and African American studies at the University of Colorado Boulder. Rayland is also the editor of the Rutledge handbook of pan africanism. Well, first of all, let's start with that term. How would we or I guess how could we define pan africanism now? Pan africanism now means the decolonization, the unification and the liberation of Africa. When we say Africa, we go back to Wally shorey incus conception of Africa where he says that Africa no longer stops where saltwater licks its shores. Africa is wherever African people are. So again, Africa, we have to include the African Diaspora. That means those of us who are living outside of the African continent now because of the enslavement of African people because of colonization. So there are a range of factors that play into why we are conceiving of Africa is something global as opposed to purely continental. Those 55 countries, if you will. That aspect you mention of decolonization is that a new addition or inclusion to the idea of pan africanism has that always been there at least in the modern postcolonial period. Absolutely. So decolonization is something that really gains a lot of traction coming out of WEB Dubois work at the Manchester conference in 1945, certainly picks up even more traction once you get to the negritude movement. People like amisa, Leopold's in core, Leon Dumas and Caesar has a book called discourse on colonialism. And in that book, he talks about this boomerang effect that some of the racism, the colonialism, this taking capitalism global, those things actually come back to folks that sort of put them out there. It's almost like a karma kind of concept of colonialism, and it's very, very interesting because decolonization says that we actually have to call into question the entire colonial empire and structure before we can ever really unite and liberate African people. I want to come back to that idea of unity, but first of all to go back to the origins of pan africanism. Is there something that you would think of as a recognized founding text or founder of the idea? A lot of people are going to go to the conference on Africa at the end of the 19th century if I'm correct about 1893 or so this happened again outside of Africa. So I want to be very clear. The concept of pan africanism starts in the African Diaspora. So it does not start on the African continent. It starts in the Diaspora, and then you go to someone like Henry Sylvester Williams, trinidadian, lawyer, and then of course, taking it over from Henry Sylvester Williams would be WEB Dubois. They had this incredible pan African conference in London in 1900 and at that conference Dubois issued this address to the world. And in that he called for the unification of Africa, he called for serious critiques and resistance to colonialism, but even before he did that Andrew, Dubois articulated in this essay called the conservation of races in 1897, a concept of pan Negro ism..
"henry sylvester williams" Discussed on The Know Show
"He was his Major infantry who is his major influence He was inspired. His father was part of the early pan-africanist movement led by henry sylvester williams who is also a trinidadian so he was. He was inspired by henry sylvester williams in particular in in his in his pan-africanism He has a history to marxism-leninism and style and of course He's inspired by lennon's anti imperialism certainly and stalin's claim to support colonial struggles. And he's actually one of the lesser known aspects of his thinking in his history. Is that he. He's inspired by the ussr as what he say sees as decarbonised society so he's not just inspired by their By the communist movement but by and did a lot to cultivate this idea that day were at the vanguard of decolonizing the former russian empire and so that also inspired him a lot and he remains even as he moves to gone at the end of his life and advises commun- crema part of that being involved looking at how he believed the soviet union had taken the russian empire and given greater equality in the beret into the people's on the outskirts of the russian empire. There's a us sort of a question that comes to mind cause you mentioned that. The the colonial office misunderstood his pan-africanism. So what was his african ism. His there's a few different pan-africanism can be either a Capitalized or non capitalized in the sense that there is an understanding pan-africanism as specific organizational Movement that hopes for the unity of the african continent for example or of organizations his pan-africanism is certainly one of Organized associations he's at the forefront of organizing nineteen forty five manchester pan african congress. So what he has. Pan-africanism emphasizes is organizing people together to To advocate for a shared future together But i think he also did understand pan-africanism as a cultural and social connection and certainly in economic connection so his pan-africanism emphasizes for example the rule of capitalism in In the practice of enslavement in the history of enslavement of atlantic of the atlantic slave trade which produces the capitalist economy as he and his colleagues eric williams sealer james They both argued these things as well and so. His pan-africanism emphasizes the socioeconomic connection of african and african descended peoples through Through the interconnection of imperialism enslavement and capitalism as it came to be in the americas how Do does that. So full of the line of marcus garvey. It does follow the line. Although they were famously antagonistic. He was quite brutal In his kind of nation of garvey at times alone because well because he saw garvey as as as a kind of capitalist As as somebody who was arguing for As ns someone that was fooling African peoples in into african descended into believing that day could separate themselves off And that they could buy beginning. Businesses like the black star line Excuse me that would solve the problems in. So he didn't agree with garvey In terms of the kind of ideological strain however later in his life he recognized the movement. Garvey created his last book pan-africanism or communism. He he he centers garvey as essential to pan-african histories so even as in the nineteen thirties..