40 Burst results for "harvard"
Fresh update on "harvard" discussed on Vickie Allen and Levon Putney
"There's a proof that sound courtesy of 80 si dot net from air Force, too. And air traffic control now pencils flying home. To Washington from a campaign event there, and it was at an airport hangar in nearby Guilford, New Hampshire, took off Air Force two took off from Manchester, Boston Regional When he hit that bird. 11 47, now back to New York City, where Mayor Bill de Blasio At an announcement about honoring the late Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg. Mayor Deblasio took clear delight in saying So today I'm proud to announce that we will rename the Brooklyn Municipal Building after Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, the late justice grew up in Midwood and attended James Madison High School before Cornell, Harvard and Columbia. And the municipal building to be named after her was completed in 1920 for nine years before she was born in the borough of the renaming, the mayor underlined what extraordinary opportunity to say to the people of Brooklyn. Here's one of your own who changed the world of the Black lives matter. Mural painted on the pavement in front of the building. Mayor observed. If anyone would appreciate a message of fairness and equality, I am certain Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg would feel something very, very special. Rich Lam WCBS news radio 80. WCBS news time is 11 48 traffic.
New York City Will Rename Brooklyn Municipal Building After Ruth Bader Ginsburg
"Now back to New York City, where Mayor Bill de Blasio At an announcement about honoring the late Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg. Mayor Deblasio took clear delight in saying So today I'm proud to announce that we will rename the Brooklyn Municipal Building after Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, the late justice grew up in Midwood and attended James Madison High School before Cornell, Harvard and Columbia. And the municipal building to be named after her was completed in 1920 for nine years before she was born in the borough of the renaming, the mayor underlined what extraordinary opportunity to say to the people of Brooklyn. Here's one of your own who changed the world of the Black lives matter. Mural painted on the pavement in front of the building. Mayor observed. If anyone would appreciate a message of fairness and equality, I am certain Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg would feel something very, very special. Rich Lam WCBS news radio
Fresh update on "harvard" discussed on Today in Focus
"Today as Donald Trump prepares to announced his nominee to succeed Ruth Bader Ginsburg a Supreme Court justice we ask what her back just weeks before an election means for the US. Today. Supreme Court Justice Ruth Beta GINSBURG will be remembered in a private ceremony before being taken to lie in state in the United States Capitol building. She's the first woman in US history to be granted. This honor normally reserved the president's. I most admire the fact that chain was tenacious. That she didn't ever lose their. Cool. Even. If she didn't win, she came back. And rephrased and kept on until she won. Time to. Read. Arrested Oliver. Hopes on one person but. She was. She was just an inspiration. On. Takes a scary time even scarier death has led to an outpouring of grief. After all GINSBURG has been a pioneering feminist and liberal icon on the supreme core. Every issue that we here tonight care about hangs in the balance. But it's not just sorry being experienced by the political left and liberals across America. It's We have an obligation as the winners to pick away one. That's not the next president. Hopefully, I'll be the next president the timing of GINSBURG stack just weeks before the November election has opened the door to a sharp political shift to the right inside America's highest court. An institution that protects some of the biggest gains and civil rights in recent decades. Do you want to see the court overturned. You just said you WANNA see the court protect the second amendment to you WanNa see the court overturned. Put another two or perhaps three justice zone. That's really what's going to be. That's will happen. From the, Guardian. Gristana. Today in focus how Ruth Bader GINSBURG staff could change America. Maura. Again as a columnist Guardian US you've written lots about the supreme core and about Ruth, Bader Ginsburg, and it was pretty amazing to watch the immense reaction to her passing. It's pretty clear to me that people see this as a potential turning point for America's future and to understand why that as we obviously need to talk about what it means to lose a key liberal from the Supreme Court so close to an election. But we also need to understand Ginsburg herself and everything she did for women's rights. Take me back to the very stall for her. What was it like becoming a young female lawyer in the nineteen sixties? You know she encountered a lot of difficulty. She was a person from a working class background. She was a woman from Flatbush Brooklyn and when she made it to Harvard law, she was one of only a few women in a class of almost entirely men. Nine women. In a class. Of over five hundred. School that has historically been exclusively male. So there is this infamous moment when she was in law school and these somewhat contemptuous dean of Harvard. Law gathered his handful of women's students together and ask them all how they justified taking place that could have been filled by a man and that sort of set the tone for her experiences as a young lawyer she was denied a clerkship with Supreme Court justice because he didn't WanNa hire woman clerk. These pre-title seven days. So employers work upfront about not wanting to hire women. She was denied jobs out law firms from firms didn't want to hire mothers or didn't WanNa hire Jewish people is not when she became politically driven when her feminism grew. Will you know she was not somebody who began as a great political ideologue but when she was teaching law school, some of her female law students who are a little bit younger than her began pointing out the ways that State Law in Mesh this assumption about what men's lives were like what women's lives were like and codified those assumptions into law. So there were a lot of laws presuming that women would be dependent and presuming that men would be breadwinners winners I ended up teaching. As I said before the time to devote. To the movement. For evening out the rights of. Women and men, and these were sort of enforcing things like some laws didn't allow women to open pink counts on their own didn't allow women to get credit cards without approval of their husbands, all the way to things like codifying job discrimination though you know it wasn't her own. It was something shoes really pushed to buy younger generation and her response to this was to create the first course law school course on women in the law in the United, states and eventually she. became the founder of the American Civil Liberties Union's Women's rights project. She clearly taught that motivation to change things for women into her career as lawyer tell me about the cases that she argued at the Supreme Court repeater. GINSBURG argued six cases before the Supreme Court she won five among the more significant ones were reverses read in Nineteen seventy-one frontier over. Nineteen seventy three, one burger versus wise and failed in nineteen, seventy five and no she was a She's a very strategic. Gender rights advocate. So what she did was she took cases to the Supreme Court that would be very amenable and reasonable to the then all male body and she often argued from a place not extending women the same freedoms but of extending them the same obligations and she argued from a place of understanding how gender discrimination impacted men, and this was a argument for ending discrimination on the basis of sex under the law. That was amenable to people who are not especially sympathetic I expect to see three four perhaps even more women on the High Court bench women not shape from the same mold. But of different complexions. I surely would not be in this room today. Without the determined efforts. Of, men and women. Who Kept Dreams? Of Equal Citizenship Alive. The the nineteen seventies is an all male Supreme Court and she won one case after another sort of establishing precedence that made later victories easier. So what you're saying is Ruth Bader GINSBURG use the supreme core to dry three rulings that genuinely changed the way women live their lives and in doing. So arguably began to shift that power balance that had long existed. Between the perceived roles in society of men and women I'm what she did helps us to understand the significance of the Supreme Court more widely with its nine judges interpreting the freedom set out in the US Constitution that apply across all states whether it's ensuring african-americans. Convo all the lgbtq people can marry the people they love.
Judge dreadthe fight for Ruth Bader Ginsburgs seat
"On Friday US Supreme Court. Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg died of cancer at the age of eighty seven. A candlelit vigil was held the following day outside the Supreme Court. Justice. GINSBURG was only the second woman appointed to the Supreme Court after being nominated by Bill Clinton in one thousand, nine hundred. I. In. Solemnly swear he was a champion of women's rights, and later in life she achieved restore status especially among young women. Now her death has set the stage for a divisive battle to replace her on the court. She was born in Brooklyn to an immigrant Father Dad was from Odessa in in Russia and to a first generation mother she was Jewish John. Fascination is the economist Washington correspondent and she was a trailblazer throughout her life. She was one of only nine women among five hundred men at Harvard law school, and when she arrived. Erwin griswold, who was then the Dean asked women in the class to stand up and justify taking a spot that could have gone to a man. She said the reason she took the spot is it was important that she understood her husband's work that would've made her husband Marty last Mardi was tax attorney well known in his own right he predeceased her but they had a famously loving and productive and equal partnership. She had a relentless work ethic in. Twenty five years in the Supreme Court she never missed today she's arrived four bouts of cancer before this fifth one killed her it was only after she got sick that she called by phone to oral arguments. I. Think People often have this idea that Supreme Court justices are sort of Stentorian wizards ready to shout down lawyer who they disagree with justice. GINSBURG was not like that she spoke very slowly very deliberately, which mirrors I think how she wrote and how she argued and how she thought she was meticulous. She was precise she she was not a showy justice. She came onto the court actually considered a moderate. There are a lot of people on the left who were upset when she was appointed because she was considered sort of two centrist. But as the court steadily moved rightward during her tenure, she has found herself the de facto leader of the courts liberal wing. Junk she spent a long time on the court. What did she achieve? Well, she was on the Supreme Court for Twenty seven years, and before that was on the DC Circuit Court of Appeals, which is widely considered the second most important court in America for for thirteen. So she was a judge for forty years I was age sixty when I was nominated in some people thought I was. Too Old for the job. Now I'm into my twenty-seventh starting my twenty-seventh year on the courts on one of the longest tenured. Justices. So if you worried about my age. It was unnecessary. Before that, she argued six cases before the Supreme Court and she was involved with thirty more as the first director of the US women's rights project. The first of those report court cases was in Reid versus Reid for which she wrote a brief arguing against the law in Ohio that preferred men to women in naming executive estates. She won that case in her first oral argument before the Supreme Court. She argued against the military policy that denied many husbands, officers, the same housing and medical benefits that automatically provided officers. Wise. The thinking was that women are somehow inherently more dependent on their husbands and husbands on their wise. Now, in that case, remember she effectively represented the husband she represented family but she represented the shoes argue in favor of the husband's benefits and she austin said that she was not arguing for women's rights she was arguing for the constitutional equality of men and women. Her death is come at a critical time in American politics. It's just six weeks away from the election. So what impact does that have? Well I think it's a little too early to say that definitively. It looks as though both sides are gearing up for battle, but they seem to be quietly circling each other in two thousand sixteen. The Supreme Court is central to Donald Trump's success I think because. There is an open seat in two thousand, Sixteen Justice Antonin Scalia died, and Mitch McConnell who is then the Senate minority leader rather than hold a hearing on Barack Obama's chosen replacement for Justice Scalia whose Merrick Garland he came up with a rationale disguises the principle which was that the causing election was coming up the speech beheld open. So the voters could decide now that had never been done before it was clearly a power play. It was a live sort of issue for Republicans impelled I think a lot of them who otherwise would have held donald trump at arm's length to decide that just had to vote for him this time I. Think Donald Trump is hoping for a similar effect this time, but he also wants to get the filled as quickly as possible. For Democrats donations had started pouring in, they have been pouring all weekend. Democrats seem riled up by this. I think in their view if Donald Trump managed to get a successor onto the court, this'll be the seconds effectively stolen seat right? The I was Neil Gorsuch. who was given the seat that was held open by Mitch McConnell, and the second would be whoever donald trump nominees to replace justice GINSBURG who gets the seat because Mitch McConnell did not follow the principle he set up in two thousand sixteen. John Do you think Senate. Republicans have the numbers to they have the votes to get in trump's nominee through before the election. Well this is the question on everyone's mind. Right so far Susan Collins and Lisa Murkowski Republican senators from from Maine Alaska, had said that they will not vote for replacement before November third they have said that the president who wins on November third you choose the replacement now that only gets Democrats to forty nine and they need fifty one because in the case of a tie Mike. Pence cast the tiebreaking vote Lindsey Graham had previously said he would abide by Mitch McConnell's rule from twenty sixteen. He has now gone back on that apparently because he's angry Democrats didn't roll over for Brad Cavanaugh Chuck. Grassley, who's a senator from Iowa has also previously spoken in favor of McConnell's precedent. I, have a very hard time imagining that when push comes to shove, he'll stand by his. Word and so there really is nothing Democrats can do unless they can persuade two other Republicans to come join them, and if they can't persuade those Republicans and tip the balance what happens. Then what are the consequences for the years ahead on American politics? It's clear that what McConnell did in two thousand sixteen was a tremendous violation of norms I think it's not a good principal to. Uphold I think arguing that this is now how Supreme Court seats should be awarded that in an election year, you effectively have to hold the seat open until the end of the election is a bad precedent but I think there's a difference between saying Republicans should be consistent for the sake of consistency and Republicans should follow this principle because that's how court seat should be given out now. From the Democratic Base, there's been a tremendous push to threaten Republicans with repercussions if. Retake. The Senate and the president in that includes making Puerto Rico in Washington DC states, which would effectively at least in the near in medium-term Give Democrats four senators people have also been talking about expanding the court. So the reason they are Nice Ring Court justices is not constitutional legal. It's just a statute. So if they were minded and had a majority had a president who would sign it into law, they put eleven or thirteen justices on the supreme court. The problem with that for Democrats I think is that it sort of shifts the terms. Of the debate that they are now winning I think the way Joe, Biden has pitched. This campaign is on the one hand. You have the sort of chaotic destructive Donald Trump on the other. You have Joe Biden Palm known figure who will get us back to normal. If, he comes out and endorses expanding the court or State of DC in Puerto Rico, which to be clear he has not done. He is actually a opposed expanded from court but if he comes out if Democrats threaten this, then the debate becomes a lot murkier. Then it becomes the radical change that Joe Biden wants to do right take fifty, two states and putting thirteen on Supreme Court against Donald Trump will keep things as are I think that debate does not play out very well for Democrats. John Thank you very much time.
Fresh update on "harvard" discussed on PBS NewsHour
"In the town would be left to sort of pick up the pieces, and I don't know if our hospitals and if our if our city was really prepared for that kind of response so far, Coke says she's pleased with what you seen. I see students everywhere with masks on So for me, just as a resident here that makes me feel really, really good. College officials say contingency plans to further limit student activities air in place if the number of cases rises. Will it all work? Colby has several clear advantages a small campus in the middle of a sparsely populated state with relatively few Covic 19 cases. Engage students and faculty, the funds for frequent testing and a willingness to spend them. Campus authorities tell us it will cost some $10 million this semester. Harvard epidemiologist Gil Han itches one outside expert tracking this carefully. I think the call we experiment may well tell us something about how impossible it is to truly limit the introduction of the virus to a comparatively closed small community, which is monitored extremely carefully. Now that's important. That's really important. But, he cautions. The problem with Colby as faking representative of Everything else is that it's not necessarily gonna have loose large number of social events, which happened in a sort of uncontrolled fashion. Outside the school because it's relatively confined. That's a big difference from a lot of places. All these practices that are putting in place will be President David Green insists his campus won't let down its guard, and he knows others are watching. How much of it is a model for other schools for other places in the country? Well, I think it is, But, you.
Arrest made in subway derailment caused by train striking debris on tracks in Manhattan, New York
"Empty. Officials say it should be a normal rush on the A C and e subway lines today after a man was arrested for allegedly throwing debris onto the subway tracks at eighth and 14th yesterday. Causing a derailment and widespread delays. WCBS reporter Sean Adams joins us live now from that station in the West Village with the latest Shawn Yeah, you can take the a train again. The third rail's been rebuilt. Power restored tracks repaired here. 14th Street. There is still evidence of yesterday's vandalism and derailment. So if you go down on the platform, you will see the I beam supports the columns. The vertical columns. Crimped several of their bent, and that's where the impact happened. Where North bound a train scraped on by yesterday morning no one seriously hurt 134 passengers on the north bound a train. A man through metal clamps on the tracks the front car of the subway derailed. Police arrested 30 year old Dimitrius Harvard from the Bronx. He faces multiple charges, including reckless endangerment and assault. Police say he has been arrested before about a dozen times for other minor offenses. So far, there's no indication why he would want to try. To derail a
Fresh update on "harvard" discussed on The Dave Ramsey Show
"Hi. Dave. So I am I doing the four year degree but I am itching to go back into the job market. I'm twenty seven. So I went back as a non traditional student. There's an executive certificate that I'm looking at. It's a little bit pricey, but it's from like an Ivy League school I would be paying cash but I'm taking money out of my nest egg and giving the fires and the countdown really nervous to anything. So I wanted to get your feedback they do really WanNa get back to work and I WANNA get some credentials to legitimize my experience. So was it the Harvard Executive Search Fifty Grand? No. No it's five thousand dollars and it's war in It goes over a artificial intelligence and digital analytics I'm bracketing person. So. One of my concerns was I was kind of in a senior level before I went back to school and I don't WanNa go employer and say you know spent the last two years at community college and have been raised an eyebrow I'd rather say I've been focusing on math. I'm more digitally agile than I was before. I'm hoping that leg up in that direction. Well I think there's a is how you do your narrative is part of the equation in that I don't think you'd go in and go I went and took some classes at the worst possible Collagen America and now I'm back to work. We don't do that. Okay that's not your marketer. You know better than that. Instead you happen beefing up my skills we don't even have to cover where we got them, and then if you WanNa, throw the five thousand dollars shirt on there. That's fine because you've been making six figures in your past hadn't you? And making eighty five. Yeah. Okay. I thought I smelled that. So you're gonNA be I mean. But here's the thing what I don't want you to think and somehow you've got this in your head. Very. Few quality employers. Hire people based on where they went to school. It's highly unusual. It's one of the greatest mythologies out there regarding the famous colleges. Okay. And that if I went to a famous college that I can get a better job, it's just not. So there is zero data. No research project has ever confirmed that you make more money based on where you went to school. If you got the knowledge. And you present yourself well in the interview. And you prove that you have the knowledge then that's fine. Five thousand dollars in the end of the world. What I don't want you to do is to think that that's what made you successful what makes you successful is you ella, you're the secret sauce. So I have nine, hundred, thirty, eight team members. Today we won best place to work in America. In Inc magazine last year. Okay. You Walk in here with or without that certificate you get the exact same job with the exact same pay or you don't, and it'll be based on Ella. That's what I'm saying. Now that makes sense and so I just I people place. Too much emphasis. Success comes something outside of themselves in that regard. So you're very articulate very bright just in talking to you for a minute I you know how to carry yourself. You've got a lot of poise. You'RE GONNA do great in an interview you're GonNa Land You just put the narrative together I. Don't mind if you go get the certificate, just don't get it for the wrong reasons. Don't get it for the reason that it's the thing that it's the one thing if I did if I had that I, could really get through. No, no no, you get you through. Your the one. Hey, thanks for the call. Triple Eight, eight to five, five, two, two, five Jessica is in Milwaukee Hi Jessica how are you? Dave thank you for keeping my call. Sure. So I just want to ask the question regarding actually building a house in our budget and I just WanNa get Simpson to whether. or not we are crazy with our plan if we should scale things back or if G is okay. So my husband and I are looking into and we've actually already purchased a lot to build. A house fat with the lot included the final budget would be just over a million dollars and we are planning to put down. Three hundred thousand. wondering right now we're in. it's it's. Inexpensive because we're accommodating my parents as well look into some financial. Stresses and So we're going to be having member of US permanently. So right now we're on baby step two and that were finishing paying off my student loan debt. which we have about one hundred, thousand jobs, they'll be done with that. By the time we had to start construction next year. On the House torture question how Is this. I mean these numbers found astronomical and as I alluded. To.
You're Right, You Are Working Longer and Attending More Meetings, Harvard Study Finds
"Working working from from home home is is difference. difference. We We knew knew that, that, but but here here it it is is in in numbers, numbers, CBS's CBS's Debra Debra Rodriguez Rodriguez explains. explains. Feel Feel like like you're you're actually actually working working Mohr from home that you were at the office, you probably are. An analysis by researchers at Harvard Business School finds the average pandemic workday increased by more than 8%. About 48 minutes when the pandemic began. Employees have also been attending 13% more meetings, though they may be shorter than pre Cove it. We're getting more than five per cent more emails a day more than 8% of them are sent after business hours. And about the old 9 to 5 boundaries long gone advice to managers empathize and focus on output, Not ours. Debra Rodriguez, CBS News
Fresh update on "harvard" discussed on Dumb, Gay Politics
"She doesn't exist without him being credible. So. Martin Ginsburg. Is the POO and we all need to take a big motherfucking. West. Okay. So they fall in love they get married they get married when they're juniors they're still at Cornell. So she they say she was like reserved and thoughtful, and she was always very like precise in her words and like everything and he was supposedly like funny and like everyone loved him and you know whatever. So even though they were kind of opposites, the thing that people always say that was really crazy about the relationship was that. At the time it was really obvious that in terms of their careers, they were like a shared enterprise. And people didn't do that then at all like it wouldn't even come natural to even the nicest guy to think of his wife as his business partner. And Why this Guy Martinsburg Martinsburg, did that with her you know there's a million reasons but I believe the very first one is that he knew that she was smarter than him. And that will. That will make me knock kill myself for the rest of my life like I. Love It, and that takes a lot for a man to know and be humble to that. There's no way out. You know what I mean. You must just been undeniable. I. Mean. This is just me making this up. Things that he he did or reasons but there was something there was like it was this admiration of her and it. So after Cornell they eventually both enrolled at Harvard law school and this is like all the movie. So by this point, they'd already had their first baby a little daughter Jane who I'm sure you WanNa know is a law professor now at Columbia. And this is in the movie, but I'm GonNa talk about it because it's the only thing I cared about the movie. So they're both at Harvard law school which I don't even know how someone even has a fucking boyfriend. Okay. By the way in law school at Harvard. Less a husband and a baby in a time period where you like it was the law that you like cook every meal and. There wasn't even like babysitters that literally there's a daycares and shit and like fucking. They just didn't have that if it if it existed, it was very expensive. It just wasn't readily available to people and she didn't grow up with money. She's all of these schools are all on scholarships. So while being married with a baby, a little infant at Harvard, if boggles the mind. So while they're there during her his third year in her second. A year ahead of. Her He got a super fucking aggressive cancer. Okay. Again her mother. had. Literally just died of fucking cancer and now her husband and the father of her little baby. Has An aggressive cancer that of course is going to kill him because in the fifties every cancer is going to kill you. which they did say that he was going to die. So then they're doing the most aggressive treatments which I'm sure. I mean God probably gave. They did lobotomies at this time like they didn't know what was going on. So any treatment they're doing he's Bedridden. He's so sick not even from cancer the treatment which now in today's time would probably literally like they'd be like, Oh who cares that'll heal itself wasn't even like. Something that would write some apple cider vinegar and like, yeah call me in the morning nor did it kill him but but for to think of her living with that fear. it's overwhelming and. She then while he was bedridden went to all of his classes and took notes in all of his classes and then taught him what while she went to her classes and then she taught him his shit while he was in bed then she did her own classes and took care of their baby how the fuck? Where did you get the time? Where did she get time and space finished his degree for him and then by the way, of course, he gets a in new. York easily find we're never gonNA hate on Martin okay, he gets a job she has to go with him. So she asks Harvard if she can finish her last year Columbia, which is still get a degree from there and Let's not forget. She did two years in one when she did and they said no shocking and please believe Martin was salty and never forgave fucking Harvard and when they tried to thirst bucket like one hundred years later and be like, Oh wait years civil rights icon. We want give you an honorary degree in like claim you and Martin's like no bitch. We're not having a she's Columbia and you can go fuck off like never forgave them. Hated them. Forever. So After she graduated she was she graduated Columbia I in her class and in New York and he's like working he's like doing tax law or something. So he ended up literally being like Ross Perot's like tax layer like I mean he he was successful in his own right you know what I mean for sure and he's an icon to me like I. Love that guy so she can't get a job. Get a job as a lawyer shade arrested as a lawyer but it becomes a point where she can't even get a job as a law clerk because she's a woman or a woman. It was something. I. Didn't write this down but like only nine women. Got Law degrees that year that she got her you know what I mean. It's like that. So not only is she not going to be a lawyer they're like, bitch you're not even you can go our secretary and she's like, no. So some teacher that she had at Columbia that was like a mentor straight up had to threaten. The like a firm he worked with he supplied law clerks to, and he's like you don't let this graduate become a law clerk. I'm never giving you another one from the school again. So he forced them to hire her as a law clerk like it's just. It makes me WanNa like do violence on some I don't even understand what the rage it makes me feel so. She goes back to Columbia work on this thing this like project about several liberties, and through this project, she has to go live in Sweden. and. She lives in Sweden for a year and she learns Swedish my God end the whole thing. With her. Besides the mom and the brother in Cornell. The other whole thing with Ruth, Bader Ginsburg is living in Sweden and Sweden was like all ready like women can have it all and they already were doing it. And so she's living there and she's like wait what the fuck like. Women here have kids and they have jobs and they're they're you know I don't know that they're being treated equally but they were equal ish and and there was a a feminism was happening and there was a whole dialogue of just like this is bullshit and there was the thing that really struck her is that there was like readily available childcare. So she brought that experience back from Sweden and any of our fourteen listeners know like. Sweden is the should and me and my love it and we have been there and that's our jam and we would. We were just like the gator and we went to Sweden. That's exactly how we. So. She comes back. She has all this shit from Sweden all this like new Information Anu. Concept of like what's possible and what people are doing and Not hire her again. So she takes a teaching job. You know. She don't WanNa be teacher and I remember and I didn't even care about the movie but I remember things from the movie of her not wanting to be a teacher and like that that's just of course like Gobi teacher, she just didn't want that. So she goes take a teaching job at rutgers this they their next. Baby in it's a boy and he is now like he's some kind of concert like something like they were super into opera. And I don't know what I didn't care about him but anyway. So 'cause he wasn't movie so..
Boston's Harvard Law School students pay tribute to Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg
"Car, but then SKW Visi Boston's news radio. Good morning. I'm Tom Huff. Here is what's happening. The death of Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, BBC TV's Christina Rex tells us Ginsberg briefly briefly attended attended Harvard Harvard Law Law School. School. Justice Justice Ruth Ruth Bader Bader Ginsburg Ginsburg started started her her loss loss schooling schooling here here at at Harvard Harvard Back Back in in 1956. 1956. Eventually, Eventually, she she moved moved to to New New York York to to finish finish her her law law studies. Students here at the college tonight. Tell me, they're shocked and saddened by the news of her death. It's gonna take a while to process. The news of Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg is death hit Harvard students deeply as they got news alerts on their phones first found out I couldn't believe it because I think RBG fact that she's continued to stick with that and continue to fight. For us kind of. I kind of thought that you know she'd win. Keep going. This makes the Supreme Court one of the most important issues in the presidential election. Kent Green Fields of BC Law is a former Supreme Court clerk, he says Ruth Bader Ginsburg, affectionately known as RBG is an idol for young girls. My home It'll daughter knows who RBG is, and is saddened by the news to May. And I think they're know the story of my daughter is the story of a millions of little girls around the country. She she looks like this frail little woman, but she was a fierce warrior for justice. I think that many of us who loved her and loved her work just to really just wanted her to live forever. The thought on so many people's minds right now, what does
Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg dies at 87
"Tells us Ginsberg briefly attended Harvard Law School Justice Riveter. Denver started her loss schooling here at Harvard Back in 1956. Eventually, she moved to New York to finish her law studies students here at the college tonight. Tell me they're shocked and saddened by the news of her death. It's gonna take a while to process. The news of Supreme Court. Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg is death hit. Averred students deeply as they got news alerts on their phones found out I couldn't believe it because I think RBG fact that she's continued to stick with that and continue to fight for us. Kind of thought that You know she'd win. God. This makes the Supreme Court one of the most important issues in the presidential election. Kent Greenfield. The BC law is a former Supreme Court clerk, he says Ruth Bader Ginsburg, affectionately known as RBG is an idol for young girls. My home It'll daughter knows who RBG is and is saddened by the news today. And I think they're know the story of my daughter is the story of a millions of little girls around the country. She she looks like this free a little woman, but she was a fierce warrior for justice. I think that many of us who loved her and loved her work just just wanted her to live forever. The thought on so many people's minds right now, what does this mean for RBG Supreme Court seat
Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg has died
"Just joined US Supreme Court Justice Ruth Vader Ginsburg has died at the age of 87 told the Brooklyn born Ginsberg died of complications from metastatic pancreatic cancer. Look back at her career. Here's Al Jones. She was known for her fiery the sense her staunch defense of liberal issues and her workout video. Associate Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg developed rock star status. She broke through the glass ceiling at a time when few women attended law school in a documentary on her life. She talked about being a role model for girls. I didn't see myself was kind of a kindergarten teacher in those days. Because the judges Didn't think so. Sex discrimination existed. One of the things I tried to plant in their minds was Think about how you would like the world to be for your daughters and granddaughters. President Clinton nominated Ginsberg to the Supreme Court. The Senate confirmed her nomination 96 23. She attended Harvard and Columbia Law but admits it wasn't easy. Not a law firm in the entire city of New York big for my employment as a lawyer. When I Aaron my degree, Ginsburg was an A C L u litigator who won five important cases that shored up the 14th amendment. A guarantee of equal protection applied. The gender of the vacancy gives President Trump the opportunity to further solidify the conservative majority on the court. But at least one Republican senator, Alaska's Lisa Murkowski, has already tweeted. She will not vote to confirm any nominee until after the inauguration. Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg dead at the age of 87 Al Jones. 10 10 wins news
Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg has died
"Bader Ginsburg was a force to be reckoned with. All I asked about brethren. They said. They take their feet off our necks, barely 5 FT. Tall but a liberal giant, only the second female justice named on the Supreme Court serving there for more than a quarter century. Her path to the highest court in the land was not easy. As one of the few women at Harvard Law School she faced discrimination. After graduating from Colombia in the fifties, her tenaciousness in the classroom highlighted in the Oscar nominated documentary on Ginsberg titled RBG produced by journalists Julie Cohen and Betsy West. She was one of nine women in a class of 500. She was tied for first in her class. And the Big New York City law firms just weren't hiring women, not a law firm in the entire city of New York. Did for my employment charging forward, she became a beloved law professor rockers and worked as a lawyer for the O U, She mapped out a legal strategy to file lawsuits against gender bias in employment, housing and government benefits. Man and women are persons of equal dignity and they should count. Equally before the law, You won't settle for putting Susan B. Anthony on the new dollars When they would say things like this. Haven't you respond? Well, never in anger, Mother told that's that would have been self defeating. Always as an opportunity. Teach. I didn't see myself was kind of a kindergarten teacher in those days because the judges Didn't think so. Sex discrimination existed. One of the things that tried to plant in their minds was Think about how you would like the world to be for your daughters and granddaughters. She won five landmark cases, which she argued on behalf of women in front of an all male bench long before she sat on it. Ginsberg went on to serve as an appeals court judge in the nation's capital until that life changing nomination by President Bill Clinton in 1993. I am proud to nominate for associate justice of the Supreme Court. Judge Ruth Bader Ginsburg. That announcement may never have happened had it not been for the intense lobbying effort by a staunch feminist, her husband, Marty Ginsburg, and at her confirmation hearing chaired by then Senator Joe Biden, the nominee did not shy away from her feminism spotlighting contentious topics like abortion rights. This is Something central to a woman's. Life to her dignity. It's a decision that she must make
Harvard Affirmative Action Case Could Change College Admissions
"Harvard University will be back in court tomorrow in an affirmative action case that could change emissions. The case is on its surface about race, but it's really about the different privileges and advantages that all different categories of applicants might get in the process and it really shows that this isn't just pure merit as the deciding factor and who gets in
Michelle Wu makes it official: She’s running for mayor of Boston
"To be true for some time, but today she confirmed it. City Councilor Michelle Wu says she is running for mayor of Boston in her campaign rollout announcement. One common theme. Boston should be a city for everyone. It's a struggles and dreams of my family and families across our neighborhoods. That I've carried to City Hall for the last seven years. Michelle was 35 years old. She has been on the Boston City Council since 2014 serving as president for two years, the first woman of color to do so. Although she is from Chicago, the bulk of her adult life has been a Greater Boston Harvard Law graduate and a one time student of Senator Elizabeth Warren. She is the first major declared candidate for mayor and 2021 Mayor, Marty Walsh has yet to announce whether or not he will be running from there next year.
CDC Study Says Masks Aren't Enough
"That wearing a mask when going to a restaurant might not be enough, researchers found that those who tested positive for twice as likely to report dining at a restaurant two weeks before symptoms started popping up. Meanwhile, a new study from Harvard University suggests young people maybe more risk from the virus in previously thought. Researchers studied more than 3200 cases where people between the ages of 18 and 34 were hospitalized. Choose that one in five of those young patients were admitted to the E U 10% needed eventually there and just under 3% died at fashions Charles wants and
Trump says he didn't lie about the coronavirus
"Last night the president of the United States watched five straight nonstop hours of Fox lunacy, and then he started his day today by watching three more hours of the same stuff and he admitted that today in a press conference where he was trying to recover from the things that he admitted on tape to Bob Woodward and Bob. Woodward's new book rage. Donald trump is always the most damning witness against Donald Trump as he was today when he told us what he was doing last night for five hours instead. Of Reading the Harvard School of Public Health New Report on the impact of Corona virus on households in major US cities. The Harvard reports starting to America's four largest cities and says, half or more households in New York Los Angeles Chicago in Houston report facing serious financial problems during the corona virus outbreak with issues ranging from depleting their savings to serious problems paying rent Donald Trump doesn't know that because he spent five hours last night watching Fox and three hours this morning as he does every night and every morning when Donald Trump went to the White House briefing room today to try to rescue. Campaign. From being swamped by the Bob Woodward Book He finally faced a first question. That should have been the first question to Donald Trump. Every time he has submitted to report is questions since he became a presidential candidate and then president of the United, states we had to wait. Until the end of the fourth year of the trump presidency for the first question to Donald Trump to finally be. Why did you lie to the American people? Why did you lie to the American people? Why should we trust? Would you have to say how terrible question and the phraseology I didn't lie what I said is we have to become we can't be panicked so. This is worse. Than the most strenuous flu. And you would. flew. What I went out and said, it was very simple. What I went out of Said is very simple. I WANNA show a level of confidence and I want to show. Strength as a leader. For Donald Trump showing confidence and strength always means moving his hands very strangely and lying because he has no confidence and he has no strengthening never has had either of those things. Donald Trump. Now stands accused in the court of public opinion of being personally responsible for the deaths of tens of thousands of people who would not have died of Donald. Trump had told America what he told Bob Woodward on February seventh.
New Chinese Space Plane Landed At Mysterious Air Base, Evidence Suggests
"Appears to have successfully tested a new spacecraft. Last week's mission was shrouded in secrecy. But as NPR's Jeff from field reports, there are some clues about what China sent into space and why. Last Friday, a Chinese rocket took off carrying a mysterious payload. A terse statement on state media said it was quote A reusable experimental spacecraft, but they didn't give a launch time. They don't have any more details. No riel official footage of the Lord's Jonathan Mcd, Alison astronomer, Earthy Center for Astrophysics, Harvard and Smithsonian who specializes in tracking satellites and spacecraft orbiting the Earth. When he plotted the course of China's new craft, he found that it passed over a secretive military facility. An area called Loop Nure, where China once tested its nuclear weapons. There's an air base there, which has AH big runway that's aligned exactly in the direction ofthe the orbit of the space craft. On Sunday, China announced its new spacecraft heads landed. Sure enough fuzzy satellite images napped by a commercial company called Planet. Seemed to show activity on the giant runway right at the moment, the landing would have occurred. McDowell says that the evidence is circumstantial, but he believes China has just tested a space plane. Think of it. It's a little space shuttle a craft with wings probably too small to carry people that took off on a rocket and coasted back to Earth. The information of all hands together now that this wass A test of something probably a space plane that made a winged reentry on landed on the runway at Lop nor the US Air Force has a similar spacecraft called the X 37 B. It's been launched in since 2010. So if that's what China tested, why now it's a great question. We're not even really sure why the United States military is pursuing a space plane like it's been doing for the last Decade or so. Brian Weeden Studies face security issues with the Secure World Foundation. The U. S X 37 B program remains highly classified. Weeden says he believes it's being used to test new sensors and systems for the military. Think about if you're building a brand new satellite, and you've got a lot of fancy new technology that's never been in space before. That's potentially risky. But if you can apply some of that technology in space, let's say in the payload bay of a reusable space plane that could allow you to get a better feel for how about react. McDowell says that space planes which travel many times, the speed of sound, could also potentially helped with the development of so called hyper sonic weapons. Uh, honestly, he thinks China could just be copying the US if the Americans have one of those. That must be a good reason for it. So we better get one, too. The landing of the space plane or whatever it was, is just the latest success for China. McDowell says that recently completed its own satellite navigation system, it has a robotic missions going to Mars and several probes on the moon. China's firing on all thrusters in space on just really increasing its level of involvement on capabilities, and I think that this is just one more reflection of that Jeff from feel. NPR NEWS Washington
New Chinese Space Plane Landed At Mysterious Air Base, Evidence Suggests
"Appears to have successfully tested a new spacecraft. Last week's mission was shrouded in secrecy. But as NPR's Jeff from field reports, there are some clues about what China sent into space and why. Last Friday, a Chinese rocket took off carrying a mysterious payload. A terse statement on state media said it was quote A reusable experimental spacecraft, but they didn't give a launch time. They don't have any more details. No riel official footage of the Lord's Jonathan Mcd, Alison astronomer, Earthy Center for Astrophysics, Harvard and Smithsonian who specializes in tracking satellites and spacecraft orbiting the Earth. When he plotted the course of China's new craft, he found that it passed over a secretive military facility. An area called Loop Nure, where China once tested its nuclear weapons. There's an air base there, which has AH big runway that's aligned exactly in the direction ofthe the orbit of the space craft. On Sunday, China announced its new spacecraft head landed sure enough fuzzy satellite images snapped by a commercial company called Planet. Seemed to show activity on the giant runway right at the moment, the landing would have occurred. McDowell says that the evidence is circumstantial, but he believes China has just tested a space plane. Think of it. It's a little space shuttle a craft with wings probably too small to carry people that took off on a rocket and coasted back to Earth. The information of all hands together now that this wass A test of something probably a space plane that made a winged reentry on landed on the runway at Lop nor the US Air Force has a similar spacecraft called the X 37 B. It's been launched in since 2010. So if that's what China tested, why now it's a great question. We're not even really sure why the United States military is pursuing a space plane like it's been doing for the last Decade or so. Brian Weeden Studies face security issues with the Secure World Foundation. The U. S X 37 B program remains highly classified. Weeden says he believes it's being used to test new sensors and systems for the military. Think about if you're building a brand new satellite, and you've got a lot of fancy new technology that's never been in space before. That's potentially risky. But if you can apply some of that technology in space, let's say in the payload bay of a reusable space plane that could allow you to get a better feel for how about react. McDowell says that space planes which travel many times, the speed of sound, could also potentially helped with the development of so called hyper sonic weapons. Uh, honestly, he thinks China could just be copying the US if the Americans have one of those. That must be a good reason for it. So we better get one, too. The landing of the space plane or whatever it was, is just the latest success for China. McDowell says that recently completed its own satellite navigation system, it has a robotic missions going to Mars and several probes on the moon. China's firing on all thrusters in space on just really increasing its level of involvement on capabilities, and I think that this is just one more reflection of that Jeff from feel. NPR NEWS Washington
Harvard Researchers Find Racial Disparities Across Court Systems
"Law. School reports is black and Latino defendants in Massachusetts or more likely than white defendants to be locked up for offenses involving drugs and weapons, The report says. They also get longer sentences than white people sent to prison for similar crimes. This study was commissioned by the His Supreme Judicial Court several years, Harvard researchers found significant racial disparities in the handling of weapons drug cases. Researchers also found disparities in Senate's lengths are in part because black and Latino defendants tend to face more serious initial charges. Than white ones. Despite nationwide attention on racial injustice and ABC News investigation finds In many cities, black drivers are continuing to be pulled over at higher rates than white drivers. NBC chief Justice correspondent Pierre Thomas has some of the finding in Minneapolis five times more likely in Los Angeles in Chicago four times more likely three times more likely in Philadelphia and San Francisco in some of the cities. The rates are more equal. ABC News founded in Louisville in Houston, Black Americans are as likely as White Americans to be stopped by the police.
China closing the "cyber gap" with USA
"Work. This is a write up of research that came out of Harvard's Belfer Center looking really at which countries have their cyber together right and the you know the old understanding that the US is number one and then China is a distant second well, not so distant anymore by the looks of things. Yeah. Always the eater pulling together information about what the capabilities, all of nation actors. Are is pretty difficult thing because it's Sarah kind of secret and they went through the research into this process of identifying you know what are the metrics by which we can judge maturity of these programs in individual countries how effective that capability, what kind of things they do any and built a bunch of Matrix to try and actually put some structure around us and then be able to use open source information and other. Stuff access to to be able to put things together on right at end? Yeah. It's quite an interesting set of work in USA does come out number one still in their assessment, but you know the gap between the US and China is very, very small possible. So there's a bunch of other actors on the that you know. Maybe people don't necessarily think about Switzerland for example, is in the top team his Damn Suedes? Yeah. It was a bunch of bunch of people you wouldn't necessarily expect. But also you know looks at the you know the maturity of the commercial sector of the Swiss. CRYPTO. I mean, that's that's something to point out to right like these rankings dissed not just on offensive capability. It looks offense defense industry the whole the whole Cyber Shebang. Yeah and of course, it makes sense just looking at trying to of capabilities in terms of domestic. Commercial Operations Right I mean, they've got such a lot of expertise manufacturing hardware building software. You know lots of high tech industry make sense there feeds into a general overall capability as well. But yeah, you know the the so much. Just GonNa Finger in the air staff and it's nice to see you know in the analysis that we know. So it's not see air research is trying to take a structured approach and. The data conner looks it kind of looks like what you expect. You know when they when they go. Yeah. That seems believable which is always a good sniff test you know. Wonkery can sometimes be a bit kind of an water. Where's this actually looks pretty in line with EC Singapore. UC. Vietnam North Koreans Kinda lines up. Yeah. It does and I don't know what this means for our old concepts around symmetry when you really looking at the most powerful countries still being the most powerful in this ranking right? Like wasn't this supposed to be all about symmetry is Iran's program evidence of the CYB. Is, being isometric I dunno anymore. Well, yeah. I mean, know the world's changed it's a little. It's a much more complicated than new onset of things I'm speaking reminiscing these capabilities exercised in a more you know the you know hellenistic geopolitical way not just you know we're using hacking in isolation I was seeing these things done to further national goals and in the context of. The trade stuff, for example, but between China and the US as chess pieces in logic aims which is. You know that changes the traditional kind of take Nicole asymmetry to you know much more balanced
The Blood of the Future Could be Made in a Lab
"I'm assuming people just didn't start thinking about making lab producer artificial blood during this pandemic. How long has research in this field been going on scientists have been experimenting with lab, Produce Blood for decades but due to issues of funding or skill ability or just now seeing the start of clinical trials. and. Even though we're all really thinking about corona virus right now, what really accelerated our work blood substitutes was actually another virus. That was the HIV AIDS epidemic in the Nineteen Eighty S. The evidence was that the cause was not only something new. But something transmitted by blood Thousands of people were infected with HIV, through blood transfusions. This was before the blood supply could be tested for HIV in one, thousand, nine, hundred, eighty, five. So it made people really scared there was panic going on I remember my grandparents being fearful about the blood supply people before they had surgery would have their own blood extracted so they could use during surgery. There were all these fears about whether the blood supply was safe yeah, and that's when A. Lot of my sources told me we started shifting our national attention to looking at the blood supply. We realized it had to be tested. It had to be controlled, and we had to dump a lot of blood during that time because it was contaminated I spoke to one of the researchers who's been studying blood since the late nineteen eighties, his name is Dr George Daily. He's now the Dean of Harvard Medical School and he runs a lab there that studies this. Ultimately through various public health measures and very aggressive testing, very sensitive and specific testing. For HIV, the blood supply was made extremely safe. But as we've seen in recent years with the emergence of new pathogens whether it's Zeka war Ebola or. Recently coverted. There's always a worry about new infections that can contaminate the blood again, raising the value and importance of being able to more carefully controlled manufacturer and presentation of blood through a different system. That different system, he's alluding to is one where blood could be made in a lab. Okay and we're going to break down those new developments in just a bit but first Nora can you explain what do you need to make blood? Well just a refresher from probably what we learned in high school biology blood is made up of different parts. You've got the red blood cells, they carry oxygen. You've got white blood cells, they fight infection. Then there's plasma that carries nutrients, salts, proteins, and then there are platelets they make your blood clot when you get a cut. All of these parts are important because they all serve different functions so far no one has come up with a complete replacement, one total package for all of these functions. Instead different research groups are focusing on trying to produce the individual parts of blood. There's been some early testing of red blood cell substitutes including. Jehovah's Witnesses because most don't accept blood transfusions as part of their religion. But. Most of the momentum that I saw in my reporting was with labs trying to grow their own platelets. One of the top researchers doing this is Dr. Cedric of art and he's a consultant hematologist who leads a research group in transfusion medicine at Cambridge University? Rather important seven will be the small cell in the body, but equally if you don't have enough lateness. The bleeding symptom saw a really horrendous. Can I just stop right here and say I am shocked the platelets or the smallest cell in the body there's a lot of small cells in the body I know I know I was shocked when he said that too I had to go back and double check but it's true they are and even though platelets are so small they're really powerful. They're really important for patients undergoing chemotherapy or people who sustain traumatic injuries because they often receive platelet transfusions, but they're also quite finicky. They can only be stored for about five days and they have to be sort of stirred around to keep them from going bad. Leaving Jam Joel, Rubin on New Kitchen surface for five days zero. Gross stuff. So part of the reason he's trying to figure out how to manufacture them in the lab in vitro is because platelets are usually in the shortest supply because they have that shorter shelf life and when you say in vitro, you mean basically in a petri dish. Yep, that's right. That's in vitro. Got It.
Has Globalization Undermined the American Working Class?
"America's working class has been cheated is an assertion that has been getting a lot of currency lately are last presidential election went deep on that claim in both parties by the way and the culprit most often blamed for that. It's that monstrous five syllable word globalization, the philosophy and the practice of free trade which has been great for companies and for shareholders but has had a devastating impact. It is argued on the American working woman and. Man Well Economist do agree that in the past four decades the American working class, which we're defining tonight as people who lack a four year college degree. They have seen flat wages and a steady disappearance of good jobs. But is globalization a main reason that that's happening to those workers and for those workers is globalization entirely bad. Well, we think this has the makings of a debate. So let's have it. Yes or no to this statement globalization. has undermined. America's working. Class I'm John Donavan, and I stand between two teams of experts in this topic who argue for and against this resolution globalization has undermined America's working class as always. Our debate will go in three rounds and then our live audience here at the Saint Regis Hotel and Aspen Colorado where we are appearing in partnership with the Aspen Ideas Festival will choose the winner and as always if all goes well civil discourse, we'll. Also win a resolution once again, globalization has undermined America's Working Class Jared Bernstein you have debated with us before. So welcome back you're a senior fellow at the center on Budget and policy priorities. You were Vice President Joe. Biden's chief economist. The last time you debated with US interestingly Jason Furman who is your opponent at the other table tonight was your debate partner as a team you were formidable formidable I, almost want to use the French pronunciation. Formula, so are you planning to use your insiders knowledge of Jason's debate battles against him to very much am the way to do that with Jason is to make a lot of sports analogies because they repealing confusing. All right. Thank you and I see you detail to Aspen. You were a to aspen well I. Think the guy with the tie is the guy you want to listen to, but I'll let you decide. All right. Thanks very much. Jared Bernstein and can tell us who your partner is. This someone I've known for twenty five years she's a dear friend of mine and I consider her my mentor in this topic feely gentlemen feeling. Theo welcome to intelligence squared your president of the Economic Policy Institute. You've spent two decades as an economist for the AFL CIO, which is America's largest federation of unions. It represents some twelve point, five, million working women and men. You've spent twenty five years working on trade policy. So what got you interested in trade? Well, when I came to Washington in the early nineties I got drawn. INTO THE NAFTA debate the North American Free Trade. Agreement. And I realized pretty early on that. This was not some kind of a dry text book discussion about tariffs but it was a transnational battle over democracy good jobs, workers, rights, and regulation. So I was hooked because a lots at stake a lot is at stake. Okay. Thanks very much thelia once again, team arguing for the motion. And motion again, globalization has undermined America's working class. We have to debaters arguing against it, I Jason Firm. Welcome back to intelligence squared Jason you're a professor of the practice of economic policy at the Harvard Kennedy School you're a senior fellow at the Peterson Institute for International Economics, you were Chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers under President Obama tonight. As we said, you're going to be debating your former colleague Jared Bernstein on the impact of globalization. So is this the first time you to have debated the globalization issue with each other jared and I agree on I'd say about ninety five percent of economic issues and my goal tonight is to bring to one hundred percent. Thanks very much Jason and can you tell us who your partner is someone I've only known for a few years and every single thing. He's ever told me I have believed James Manica Legitimate James Manyika. Welcome the first time telling squared you're a senior partner at McKinsey, and company you're the chairman of their economics research arm, the McKinsey Global Institute, your first time debating with us. But not your first debate you debated at Oxford I did you studied robotics and computers earlier in your career you were visiting scientist at NASA. So how do you go from very eclectic from robotics and space to thinking about trade policy? In American. Workers I've always been fascinated by the kinds of technologies that drive innovation and growth, but also affects what will people in the real world actually do. So when you put that together with the economy, these issues around trade and workforce become very, very important. Those are the issues that motive a great perspective to bring here and then once again, thank you. Thank you again to the team arguing against them.
"harvard" Discussed on Harvard Kennedy School PolicyCast
"Walk into the Hobbit. Kennedy School Policy Cost I'm your host Togo morial. Judy Today on Kenny school professor's and Jacqueline Baba both at the Harvard Kennedy, School Carson Tougher Human Rights Policy, not not history governments of US crises to consolidate and cement power. Yet while some official actions, Nyquist Britain movement ramping up surveillance curtailing freedom assembly emplacing this can be a cause for concern. They also helpful in trying to manage control catastrophes such as the Code Nineteen pandemic. Professors risks and Baba say that while some of these measures may be temporarily necessary to prevent loss of life. Safeguards must be put in place to.
"harvard" Discussed on Harvard Kennedy School PolicyCast
"With them officials in the Western Cape. What's the role of politics in all of this? I mean this is sort of competing. Motivations that politically driven The question I can expand in terms of what? I'm mean you know we see here in the US that you know. They are interests that are being used to in terms of the decisions. Made when I think of some countries in Africa where you into the issue of politics She May You winning the next election. They are actually be that important initiative for leader. Because you if you're an incumbent you're most likely going to be turned so maybe less of a motivation who to do the lightnings in the crisis because the stakes that high How about politics in this context? I think it's really difficult because I think that actually we had we had zoom cold earlier and one of the questions that was raised was like. What do you deal with spoilers? What do you deal with politics in the case that you're going to have a bunch of people actually even incumbent party's who gain to see this as an opportunity and and you could potentially have people in the opposition party? Your party. Who are instructing the people not to listen who instructing the people to do different things and one of the things you're trying to do is get a single trusted message that everybody is behind the other thing that is interesting and other dimensions. Sometimes we we actually had an opposition party official from country on the call and he said but what happens. If you think spoiler but all I'm trying to do is put what I think is legitimate idea. So that was that was something people race where they said you know. We are trying to do this work and we have people telling us we're doing it wrong. And they're getting in the way all they obstructing the message or they obstructing the supply chain. They doing something to spoil the process That that's kind of what the term is and this person said. Look I'm trying to. I have some ideas that I'm trying to communicate into government from the opposition party on not at the table. No one would invite me to table high to bring my dear to the table so I think this is actually tremendously complicated. Because I think you do have you do have a politics right now. That can get in the way if people start to play too much politics right now. It can get in the way one idea that I have for some people as I say look. I think that parties should try to invite people from opposition parties into these discussions into these advisory processes. The people who empower the president or the provincial premia or the school district commissioner. They'll they'll get the ones you have to decide and we need to. We need to leave them to decide that they would probably be very well positioned all very very well advised to try and bring people from opposition parties and opposition voices because sometimes even within the NGO communities. They organized politics but they have different voices. Bring them into that advisory process. Bring them into that discussion process so that they at least part of the process the process. Mattis. What is that? Is that realistic. I guess you know these are unprecedented time. So one hopes that you know your lead behaving in a different way for holiday list equity is if very often in the number of countries. Ngos civil society position ponds up one at onto the job. Not Talking to gather or sharing ideas in constructing way. How in your experience? How competitive she happened. So you know. Here's what I will say. Is You know whether you say it's realistic. Lit say on a scale of what percentage likelihood is again to happen in most times. We'd say this kind of thing. I'm suggesting there's zero percent chance that this is going to happen now. I think we need to move into the into into the world we. I think you're GONNA see this happening but it's not gonNA happen as much as we needed to happen. That's that's the truth. It's very very hard to do. I think that when you have seen gigantic crosses in places before you do find that people's thoughts leave aside the The the The differences and they do come together because they realize that people are dying and I do think that that does happen. I have spoken to people this week. Who have said that Even even when the country faced the two thousand eight crosses across the Middle East some countries faced the Arab spring later on and they had crossed season. Those crosses did not bring people together. They telling me that this is looking a little different in quite a few countries right now. That people coming together. I do want to suggest that one of the key ingredients for this is leadership. I think the people who have power need to extend olive branches to people and say come and be part of this with us. I think that if you a forcing those other voices two shots at you from the outside and to criticize you they will do those things and they will party do those things because they themselves off your full. They will partly do those things. Because they know that politics can be about stoking fear but if you bring them into your tent and if you include them in those conversations and this is going to require humility by the people who are in power I think that it is it. Is You who needs to be the first movement in doing this. How many countries will do this talk? Oh I don't know how many countries need to do this because this is something that is a virus that is not hitting people based on their political for the Asian. This is Equal Opportunity Virus. Everyone is going to be affected by this. And if we clock get people together than it is going to haunt us nine some cases just to say I think there is a role full outside is if the government is really routinely not doing the right thing if the government is putting its own political fortunes ahead of others if the government is not responding if the government is not engaging experts if the government doesn't seem to be providing clear messages. I think that is actually a very uncomfortable. But important role Rut now four civil society and for opposition parties to take a position on that and to come with their their truth and to speak their truth to their people. It should not be done is in a cheap way though. It should not be done in a way to say we are going to bring you down. It should be done in a way to say we all get to force you to be truthful with the people right now. That is a role that is important where governments are not being truthful and not engaging accurately with their people and Matt when you look at on some developments that we've seen from bake multilateral financier such as will bank setting aside billions of Donna's for Kobe nineteen response if you advising them not as a global public health expert but as you know sort of thinking about some of the other areas that meeting thinking about where would you say some of that Funding could be used in the context off target ship in critical rule. That you might find right here so I'm actually not a public health expert at all. My work has more in public management and leadership. So but I I would say firstly The awesome great pieces. That will be written right now by some economists at Harvard Ricardo Hausmann has done something very interesting this week. The is a A series coming out Through some affiliates Danny Rodrick with multiple articles in the school but also leverage faculty all over the world who are trying to advise on where we need to be to be spending money in the future what we need to support. I have a very simple message is. We need to support state capability states matter. What I have seen in in development in a long long period of time is that a multilateral have said we'll support you if you deregulate we will support you if you decrease the size of government. We will support you if you if you produce results. And we'll we'll tell money to results. The results are short-term things. What we don't want is more short term results. We want long-term capability wants states that have systems that can that can achieve an example of what I think. The kind of change you need in development is relates to health care. We have made huge advances. And I don't want anybody to him. Criticizing people cheaply have made huge advances in health in developing countries. Whoa kids immunized them wherever immunize before the the The the mortality rates of kids.
"harvard" Discussed on Harvard Kennedy School PolicyCast
"Hello and welcome to the Harvard Kennedy School Policy Cost. I'm your host Tumble Moyle. The Code Nineteen Corona virus has spread from Asia to Europe and the Middle East and appears to have the features of a pandemic. But it's not the first global crisis humanity has faced an expose. It won't be the last man storm. Cyber threats rising seas. We'll have a world. Were planning for the next. Disaster is a key to survival. So is there a playbook for responding to a global crisis? Are Disinformation an irrational fear? Making things harder for disaster planners today we're joined by Harvard Kennedy School Senior Lecturer. Julia Qaim Dude. It teaches consult some crisis preparedness and Response and she joins me to talk about the best ways to prepare for the worst..
"harvard" Discussed on Harvard Kennedy School PolicyCast
"Eight -ment that we're living through very interesting times just about everywhere you go in the. US and outside people are trying to make sense of the confusing political times with lots of questions like is populism about to slay. Democracy is public support for democracy flagging in favor of authoritarian leaders. How can democracy function with the decline of truth and proliferation of conspiracies? Well Harvard Kennedy School Professor Arkan Funk has been looking into these questions his research explores policies practices and institutions. That helped make democracy work better. His latest work focuses on today's American political climate. He's is my guest today. You've written a paper that examines the political moment differ and you're exploring a period that we've entered the posture for years which is dramatically different from the previous. Say Forty years and you call it appeared of wide aperture low deference democracy. Let's just start with first piece white aperture. What does that mean? What talking about that? Yeah so you know I I Start writing this paper a way to sort out in my own head. What I thought about how the State of democracy that were in and probably like a lot of people around the Kennedy School and maybe some people listening to this podcast? We're a little confused and feeling a fairly high state of anxiety about looking around at the democratic. Seen that we're in but what exactly is different. I'm from the moment that came before. And what is the moment that came before and this is in the. US annacone tonight. Mostly I'm thinking about the US. But I think many of these ideas or the sensibility also applies to what's happening in places in Europe especially England but also other places and the first characteristic that I see happening is I describe it as a wide aperture world and some of your listeners. Who who are a little bit younger? Maybe you don't know what an aperture is. The aperture is a hole in an old film camera and the wider. The whole is more light it lets in and the narrower the whole is the less light it lets in and I'm thinking of the prior era in Democratic Democrat governance which I'm thinking of roughly one thousand nine hundred eighty two two thousand and sixteen in the United States from Reagan to the end of the Obama era as a fairly narrow aperture aperture world in which in the halls of Washington or among political leaders are experts. There's a fairly narrow range of debate. Ah between the centre left and centre right. And after two thousand fifteen in two thousand and sixteen that is after Brexit and the election of Donald Trump to the president of the United States and in our current Democratic primary season. It's very wide aperture world in the sense ends that the range of political and policy ideas that are on the table is much much broader than in that prior era and indeed in that prior prior era many many of these ideas by leading national figures would have been regard indeed were regarded as ridiculous more or rather absurd certainly not feasible not worthy of discussion among serious policy. Give me an idea of some of these ideas that just would not. aww made it to the table. Sure so one idea. I'll begin with a couple of them. One is Andrew Yang's idea the universal basic income. which was it's not his idea? Actually the one of the first people to propose it in a rigorous way is a philosopher named Felipe. Vampire easson famous article famous among philosophers. I called should surfers be fed and he's FSP should surfers Bafana's question was well. Would it be the right thing to do in public policy for Ramallo boost surfer. Who all he or she wants to do is surf? All Day has no interest in working to receive a universal basic income that is from the government a check of love. However much you want you know maybe five ten thousand dollars a month so that he or she could continue surfing? Would that be a good public policy. And Philippe said yes indeed. That would be a good good public policy. We should adopt the universal basic income. And I remember talking about the universal basic income to friends at the Kennedy School and to a one all of them regarded As absurd why would you even be talking about that. And now one of the Democratic primary candidates it's his major platform proposal is a universal basic income. Andrew under Yang of course is not one of the two or three leaders in the Democratic primaries according to polls right now but senators warn and Sanders our Senator Warren earn has notably proposed a significant proportion of seats on corporate boards be representatives of Labor and Organized Labor that proposal so I think is novel for the United States not for Europe but novel for the United States and I I hadn't heard anybody in the Obama administration our prior administrations. I consider that proposal seriously and my my intuition is that it would not have been taken seriously in the pre two thousand fifteen two thousand sixteen. The era as like similar to a wealth tax or indeed Medicare for all is it is a itself a novel proposal and on the right wing of the spectrum backtrack and of course you have a lot of proposals. A lot of policies now being pursued by the trump administration which center right administrations and centre-right leaders. I certainly didn't regard is very sensible policies prior to the election of Donald Trump. And he's saying you'll pay for that. A lot of summation institutions have been leapfrogged wronged by this course of events. What what does that mean? What what do you mean by that so? I think it's interesting that well. They're mainstream institutions like the Democratic Party and the Republican Publican Party and policy intellectuals in social policy and foreign policy and economic policy and social policy. We've all keyed Our thinking to that prior era of you have to if you want to engage in serious policy debates with the policy thinkers and available politics of the day and so have reformed groups like the more conservative side the American Enterprise Institute or the Heritage Foundation on the more Progressive Side Center for a new America or for American progress or reform groups like common cause of which I am on the board full disclosure. We all AW. He'd our discussion and our thinking to center left and center right policy discussion. And if you're a conservative advocate you're trying to pull the the centre-right a little more to the right and if your left or progressive advocate you're trying to pull the center left a little more to the left but in a lot wide but it's a lot wider now and if you look at the national debate in the United States I believe what's happened. Is that the national debate and discussion on both the right if you like and certainly on the progressive side have leapfrogged the advocacy groups and policy intellectuals of that prior era and so organized labor even organized labor wasn't talking about seriously. It wasn't a major proposal to advance the idea of of Labor representation on corporate boards right so in that sense they've been leapfrogged by Senator Warren and so they don't know how to react to that. I think they're adjusting adjusting some of them. But I think for all of us who have been accustomed to that to the prior decades a rare of a relatively constrained debate it is stretching our intellectual muscles and sometimes emotional muscles. So we'll see we'll come back to a minute off to talked about the difference. How we yeah? She got here but I'm just curious to hear we talk about this. I mean what are the implications of this. I mean surely one hearing the idea of wider range of ideas at the table wide inclusion of more diverse perspectives. One could say is a good thing. What are the implications? What do you think about all of this happening? Well how how you come down on whether the wider aperture is a good or bad thing and I think they're good and bad aspects to it depends on whether you think. Thank the views that are were excluded from. The narrow aperture were excluded for good reasons or bad reasons. So if you think you know with the wisdom of hindsight hindsight and everything you can muster to bear on the question that yes the the reasonable positions that would be discussed in advanced industrial industrial. Democracy are those positions that are covered by the center left to the center. Right between one thousand nine hundred and two thousand and sixteen that yeah. We basically had the debate right and that was what could should reasonable people. Well informed people should discuss. Then you think the white aperture world is a disaster because all all of these views come in and they're either irrational views or wildly implausible views or discriminatory views and they were excluded in the prior era. And you you think on this from this perspective. They were rightly excluded. And now it's it's a terrible thing that all of these views are coming in. I happen to think that usually usually all things being equal. A wider debate is better for Small D democracy than a smaller debate and that some of the views entering the debate. Right now how are views that were improperly disregarded during the more stable period from one thousand nine hundred eighty two two thousand and sixteen and we'll examine that in a bit more detail talk about. How do we actually get here? What were some of the features that she led us to to this current situation? But it's the second piece of paper which is the low deference. So what are you talking about that. And what do you mean so this. I'm a little bit less sure about and I'd be interested in what your listeners think. I think that a a second major change a second characteristic of the Post Two thousand sixteen era. And it's been coming for a long time is that we live in quite a low deference deference world in which many people from many walks of life are deeply suspicious of organized institutions and into hierarchies of data's or intellectual achievement or expertise or political accomplishment. So just in the political domain nine one way in which this is a low deference world is that many of the leaders ascending to the national stage or close to it are people who come outside died of from almost from the margins of the political apparatus and the political parties that they nominally serve so I regard. Donald trump is definitely political insurgent from the point of view of the mainstream of the Democratic of the. I'm sorry Oh the Republican Party. At that time mm-hmm I regard senators warn and Sanders as coming from the fringes of the mainstream of the Democratic Party. I regard Dr Jeremy Corbyn in the UK in the UK. And even Boris. Johnson is not the candidates that the party stalwarts would have immediately pro preferred and even although relatively centrist in policy terms manual McCall and France. His Great Ah political achievement. What happened in that election is he decimated the main political formations that had dominated French politics for most of the postwar period? And so this is politically right now for the last few years. The era of the insurgent insurgent candidates on the national stage and that insurgency is a manifestation of a low deference politics and that low difference politics reflects low load deference for many received institutions in the United States Public opinion polls show very low trust in mainstream media I think the average respondents in a win one pew survey something like a quarter to thirty percent of Americans trusted mainstream media a lot. And it's something like twelve or thirteen percent of Republicans and thirty three percent of Democrats or something like that. So so trust in media is very very low trust I in Congress has been low for some time but is in I think the teens on a on a good day So trust in a lot of these institutions to swallow that. There's there's no trust in some quarters of the net positive of universities and colleges yeah Puke conducted an interesting survey a couple of years ago in which they asked asked maybe it was only a year ago in which they asked. Do you think colleges and universities are have a net positive or negative effect on the nation and the result. It was something like sixty seven percent of Democrats and Democratic Party..
"harvard" Discussed on Harvard Kennedy School PolicyCast
"So this year's tagline was time for action and it does come at a time when there's been more and more scientific evidence to show that they are devastating effects of climate change on land oceans and societies. So we started off by saying that you thought it was a moderate moderate success. Let's talk a little bit about the sort of hopes expectations of goals of the meeting. Going in so they were twofold. I mean there were the popular popular press and from the activists expectations and hopes and those. We're four statements in what is called. The decision was just means. The statement statement comes out at the end of the COP with no legal force statement. That comes out at the end. The decision that they wanted a statement that countries where committed to coming up with much more ambitious targets a year from now in two thousand nine hundred eighty when the next set of targets will be submitted at the next cop so that was for them and that definitively did not happen. And that's why those individuals I think much of the press because that's a pretty obvious sort of thing to talk about is. What are the targets? What's the aspiration have characterized it as a terrible failure? I Know The New York Times did this morning but for those people both negotiators and for those of us on the outside in NGOs and universities who are very engaged in the process and in research what we were looking got much more was the actual text of the Paris Agreement. What wasn't completed and what needed to be completed just in order to achieve the targets that they already have pledged let alone thinking about the next set of targets and that was something very specific in particular and it ties in the note with the notion of international personal carbon markets? So there's one portion of the Paris agreement which is article six or you need to be more picky article. Six point two that provides for countries to cooperate with one another so that one country can help another country to accomplish something and then the a country that does the helping contain credit for that against. Its pledge that it's made okay so said another way if you are performing poorly on your targets. It's you could set up a deal with a country. That's over performing their targets. And Somehow get I mean how they wouldn't necessarily be. The country was performing poorly. They might be performing perfectly but nevertheless that they could finance. What's taking place in another country so it's a matter of finance in fact it's as a means of foreign direct investment so it just means that the incremental costs when economists call the marginal cost of reducing co two emissions vary tremendously mendaciously across different countries? And that's because the modern economies were already very energy efficient and so there isn't a lot of low hanging fruit but if if you go to other parts of the world there is low-hanging fruit their lot. That can be done at relatively low cost. So that means if you're in one of these countries where it's very costly you could finance finance things being done and one of those other countries that's to everyone's benefit if it's voluntary on both sides and it's a means of foreign direct investment into those countries which of course they're very happy about the big issue there though is to make sure that both countries don't take credit for that same emissions reduction. Okay that there isn't double-counting counting right. That's where the Paris agreement comes in. That's what article six point two is potentially about our accounting measures to prevent double-counting counting that was not completed. That's the one part of the Paris Agreement. What's called the rule book? which is the text of the rules that was not completed last year in Katowice? It was punted to this year. So for the condescending for those of us who are really involved a lot in the Paris agreement in the negotiations the goal all was to complete article six. That's what it was about and was it completed. An article six was not completed. But I'm going to tell I'll give you a caveat an important caveat. I was not completed because Brazil and Australia. Saudi Arabia in particular wanted some aspects in in there that would have introduced loopholes that would allow double-counting. And so what I take as the good news. That's why I say you know. Qualified success is that rather than producing what would have been a bad deal They produced no deal. And I'm very serious about that. We did research here Eh. At Harvard years ago with colleagues at at Tufts University and and MIT in which we said what needed to be in the Paris Agreement on this issue of sharing responsibility bringing down costs. And we said the first important thing is that they not put in the following kind of items which would make everything worse uh-huh and that didn't happen so in that sense that I think it's a qualified success that we even though there's no deal. There's still a possibility for it at the next meeting at the next meeting. So you think that something had happened in the next twelve months before Glasgow to get to a point where you have the sort of accounting rules or standards that could get article six done. That's exactly right. I think that that can happen. I wouldn't say that I think will happen because there's political opposition to it happening so let's talk a little bit about the voices at these talks so the most obvious sort of divide as it were would be between developed and developing nations. How does that play out? I mean who who who gets a talk here and and who gets listened to so that's an exceptionally important point as it is in the United Nations in general so you know as an economist whereas normally most of the analysis we do and whether it's teaching in the classroom or its research on the outside or it's conversations with government are focused on on efficiency issues but when you get get into climate change the international aspects the the aspects of equity of distributional equity are extremely important. Going all the way back to the beginning nineteen ninety-two to Brazil. Summit there is a very important principle in the overarching document. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Which is Although Woods Global Commons problem? Were all in it together. Nevertheless there there are common but there are differentiated responsibilities. Different countries have contributed different amounts to the accumulated stock. United States is number one China's second and there are different capabilities different wealth so that principle is exceptionally important and everyone in the negotiations recognizes. That having said that as you said Ed that there has been in the past polarization between the industrialized countries in the developing countries and that was codified in the Kyoto Protocol because only the industrialized countries series has responsibilities under Paris. It's much more of an even playing field. Although obviously some countries particularly the European Union take on much much more aggressive targets than do poor countries certainly countries in sub Saharan Africa from my point of view Nina. Do anything I mean their contributions are small and they're mired in terrible poverty so there is that differentiation remains but there are lots of other constituencies at play a very important one are the small island states. Because you know for most countries in the world ranging from the United States to the European Union to even the Gulf oil states when we talk about addressing climate change. We're talking about an increase in cost to our economy or a reduction in productivity for the small island states climate changes existential. Oh so it's at a whole `nother level of concern so their voice is very important in although they are very small in terms of population although although they are very small in terms of their share of global gross domestic product. They're actually very vocal and very effective. I'd say in the talks folks remember one. Last point is that under the rules of the United Nations Voices are all one country. One vote The united nited States has the same vote as the smallest country in the world. So just one more question just looking at the actual meeting so another thing. That's being that we're getting used to seeing the protests and demonstrators and I know in Madrid. One session you had. Protesters actually stormed the session. And you we read a lot about the protas oh to sell on the streets. Is that actually having an impact. Is that sort of pressure. Having an impact on the deliberations and the progress that that could be made. Well I think it certainly provides support for example for the small island states in the countries that wanted the most aggressive pledges to be made because because they feel tremendous support there i. I don't think it had any effect on the pace of the negotiations themselves except that you know they were disrupted opted for a few hours that one afternoon other than that. I don't think it has any particular influence. I'm not making a judgment with that. Maybe it should. Maybe it shouldn't I didn't but I don't think it does okay and so we've talked a little bit about your an environmental economist. Why is the economic perspective important in environmental issues? And what are some of the things that you think about an necessarily what's in your research. Well what I'd start by saying that. The causes of environmental environmental problems whether it's economics or has local hazardous wastes. The causes of environmental problems are essentially economic. It's a result of the fact that that there are unintentional Negative aspects consequences factors that are result of fundamentally meritorious. CBS activity by private firms. Making the products or the services that you and I want to buy and sometimes the result of consumers when they're using those products. aww They are external to the decision making which is why economists referred to environmental pollution as an extra analogy and if the there are also then consequences of environmental pollution that have economic dimensions so surely if the causes of environmental pollution are fundamental economic which they are and if the consequences of environmental pollution of important economic dimensions than that would suggest that an economic perspective can be helpful for understanding ending those problems fully. But you know we're sitting here at the Harvard Kennedy School Not at the Department of Economics in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences so it's not understanding just for understanding handing sake. It's understanding so that we can make the difference And the way that this understanding can make a difference is to identify public the policies that are effective mb effective. I mean they reduce pollutant emissions. They don't simply demonize the bad guys that they are economically. Sensible by which I mean. They're cost effective that we don't shoot ourselves in the foot and spend more than we have to after all we don't really care about environment we care about the cost list of education healthcare food fuel and a thousand other things and that perhaps they're more likely to be politically pragmatic. I think this economic perspective Jeff although it's not the only legitimate perspective surely can be helpful in those regards. So you mentioned the private sector in that actually and we haven't talked about that one. What role does the private sector have? Instead of. The the solutions in a changing world sort of actions are required. And what sort of actions that private sector taking well the private sector plays an extremely important role because that's where the emissions for the most part. Come from either actually from private industry from manufacturing electricity. Here's the degeneration or from products that they produce such as motor vehicles so their role is exceptionally important. I've long Viewed had the view that Only working through the market can much be accomplished. You know that's why if I may say back in one thousand nine hundred eighty eight when I first joined the faculty at the Kennedy School Previous Dean Graham Allison.
"harvard" Discussed on Harvard Kennedy School PolicyCast
"Just aware want solve the problem think of healthy e being are exercising just being aware that we shouldn't eat more than two thousand calories or one thousand five hundred calories depending on on people size is not always easy for us to live up virtuous intentions hello and welcome to the Harvard Kennedy School policy cost I'm your host Moyle today I'm very pleased to welcome irrespon- It who was the CO director of the Women and Public Policy Program here at the Kennedy school she's also academic Dean Ariza's a behavioral economist and a leading research into gender bias as she's giving out some tough advice recently to government anti-big corporations stop wasting your money on traditional diversity training programs because they don't work it turns out that the matter how enlightened we think we are researchers that regardless of race agenda we are all pretty much affected by unconscious bias however there's some good news to using behavioral design and organizations can create better prices that help prevent US imperfect humans from making bias decisions welcome to policy cost in your work Qalat about unconscious bias being one of the drivers of the reasons that we don't have as many women in leadership positions would want this is start at the very beginning what is unconscious ice and how is it affecting women the first of all thanks very much for having me it's a pleasure to talk more about our work on how can debiasi how we live how we learn in how we work so unconscious bias is very much part of the human mind sets and that's in many ways good and bad news in that good news is that this is about all of us had noticed that is about all of us I I'm saying that in the sense that the unconscious the shared by people this is not about pointing fingers at particular people exclusive to one group no not at all not at all and it has to do with DS images that we have of certain individuals today fit the category that I have in mind when I want to hire a conductor whenever hire an assistant to hire physician as a seeing very much believing and if we don't see people can fitting into certain cats agrees we don't imagine that is right for them so let's make a more concrete so when we talk about women in the workplace give me an example of what the research of the evidence shows in terms of unconscious bias and how it affects women so in our universities now use of Harry Simple Exercise to help our students understand what unconscious bias es in a matter of minutes really we do a case study with them about Heidi Royston. Heidi Rosen is a venture capitalist real person Wilko's enter capitalist in Silicon Valley and is the case that he that most of our listeners would have seen before that describes what she did how she built it enterprises how she network invalid center and then if you colleagues of ours took discuss that each was written by Kathleen Mcginn of the Harvard Business School originally and replaced lady's name of Howard and now we give half of our students to case idealistic protagonist being cold Heidi and the other half protagonist being called Howard and students don't is prepared case but also evaluate how well Heidi and Howard did and students agree that both Heidi and Howard did a great job in fact because the same person there same person that's exactly right there's nothing different really auditor names but men and women and that's important to note men and women agreed that height is it's not quite as likable as Howard we less likely to want to hire her I want to work with her well and this is based on the same information that's based on the exact same formation and the reasoning that Heidi doesn't quite conform with our stereotypes of what typical venture capitalists looks like Grosso stereotypes for a good woman does has interesting and this was both men and women because you'd expect that maybe men would say that but women held the same view about what a woman what a venture capitalist could be what a good woman is yes exactly so there are nuances so there are some gender differences in terms of the sex or gender of the observer but they're much much smaller than most people think so most people in fact I would think that men are more likely to associate things men women are more likely are more lenient judging women but we don't actually find that so is it possible I mean that that's that's quite something so is it possible then to change minds excite imagine that you'd want to try and work on changing people's idea of what a venture capitalist is You know what a good woman is I mean can you do that yet sadly is real the hard so the first part of my research focused on research not my own on just evaluating the research out there on whether in fact diversity training is possible take train out by from our mindsets and unfortunately at the time and I wrote the book my book what works in Two Thousand Sixteen I had found one single study evaluating diversity training that works now you know could be to explanations one is it really doesn't work and I'll give you some reasons why I think it might actually not work so well but secondly an important message it also is that we don't measure nearly enough you know most organizations just do diversity training so to speak finely ever evaluating impact is it possible that the diversity training that you look that was just bad I mean better diversity training might have resulted in that that's possible that is totally possible that somebody has come up with diversity training that wasn't evaluated that number has discovered the secret sauce but table economist and in behavioral science we have been trying to so to speak fixed mindsets not just in terms of gender bias but lots of other is is cognitive biases so we've been trying to fix mindsets for a very long time with relatively little success and the problem is that we don't typically of our better better selves Superego so to speak sitting on our shoulders and whisper into our ears whenever you want we are about to fall into those traps I find that quite scary actually and I we're GonNa get to good news piece but you always imagine that there's a possibility to change someone's mindset in that you know you do enough of the right things that you could do it but if you're starting from the premise that I see you can't so where do we go from there so let me maybe for some nuances I'm not saying that we cannot at least open some hearts and minds and making people aware of some of these shoes and I think that's in many ways kind of good news I think the more complicated news is that just awareness want solve the problem and you know think of an example an totally different example from a different domain as in healthy eating or exercising just being aware that we shouldn't eat more than two thousand areso one thousand five hundred calories depending on people size day doesn't necessarily mean that we won't have ice cream tonight and that's the same problem that is intention action gap is real for human beings and that is not always easy for us to live up to our virtuous intentions so in that sense does nothing ah very different about gender bias compared to many otherwise it's just hard then to move beyond awareness we have to give people the tools to make those virtuous intentions and reality that's quite an idea I mean the estimates say I think about eight billion is spent in the US diversity training so that's quite a mine shift what sort of things are you advising when you talk to Corpus NGOs et Cetera the money that they're spending on diversity training what are the things that do work yes it's definitely um literally checking the box as having short half hour one hour online training to to longer types of interventions but yes it question is how how do we move beyond diversity training what more can we do and there I would very strongly argued that we have the Debiasi our systems instead of trying to de by our mindsets okay so let's talk about that some more what what does that look like him so maybe it's easy you just go oh no in fact let me start with a concrete example and then maybe we can talk a bit about the workplace but I wanted to take a bit of a detour and just give an example of how uh-huh simple these interventions can be so one of the Very salient examples comes from orchestras in the seventies of our bigger symphony orchestras in this country have introduced curtains and have had musicians audition behind the curtain these blind audition nhs have in fact increase the fraction of human musicians in our major.
"harvard" Discussed on Harvard Kennedy School PolicyCast
"I actually think it's not about trust. I think it's about respect the people across the table from you have interests you may not think they're legitimate interest but they have interests and they have politics that they have to deal with and I need to understand that and I want them to understand my interests and my politics and see if we can find a place where some of their interests can be addressed but I never lose sight of the objective which in the case of Iran was to make sure they never have a nuclear weapon the hello and welcome to the Harvard Kennedy School policy cost. I'm your host talk. Moyo today joined by Ambassador Wendy Sherman who is professor of the practice of public leadership and the Director of the Kennedy School Center for Public Leadership Ambassador Sherman served as Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs at the United States Department of State between two thousand eleven and two thousand fifteen during her remarkable career. She has been at the table for some of the most. It's challenging negotiations in recent history. She's held talks with the late. North Korean detail Kim Jong Il she sat across the table with Iranian officials to hammer route the twenty fifty nuclear weapons deal and she's bought what she's learned about authentic leadership diplomacy and succeeding as a woman in a male dominated field to a new you book which is titled. Not for the faint of heart lessons encourage power amp assistance. Welcome to policy cost embassador chairman. It's great to be with Talker so my first question given your diplomat has to be about protocal. May I call you Andy Ambassador so let's let's start with the reflections so you've worked as a diplomat. You've been at the table and some of the most challenging negotiations what's the common thread. What a some of the things things that you think about nausea look back on those times in the work that you've done particularly in the context of you coming to the Kennedy School teaching courses on negotiation and leadership well. It's very interesting that you ask that because about to teach my first course here at the Kennedy School in the second half of the fall semester and it's called leadership. I've been negotiations away from the table. Everything you need to know to get the job done and the reason for the courses that a lot of students think that the way you really get a deal done is to be in the room at the table. The table when in fact it is all the things that happen away from the table that really get the job done in any negotiation and what are some of those things some of those things include the history the norms the culture of the parties sitting at the table. people negotiate differently depending on their culture. The history among and between parties may have a lot to do whether there's any respect at the table let alone alone trust it has to do with politics and power Do you understand the power relationships. Do you understand all the stakeholders. Do you understand the politics that are playing out not only in in our country been in any other country or with any other party in the context of their organization Tation. It has to do with policy development. what's going to be your objective at the negotiation. What are the right and left guard rails. How will you know if you succeed and it also has to do with setting the table all the tools that archer disposal to set the table including your arena which is communications and public affairs affairs can very much shape what happens in the room so this a little bit about some of those elements in detail so culture. I know when I was reading your book talk a little bit about the cultures of interplay that came into the negotiations for the Iran nuclear deal and you talked about one specific example about how women and men don't shake hands and you did the you put your hand to your chest in a little bow. That's an example what other examples of of culture and sort of interplay and impact that that you've seen happen. I'd start in the Iran situation with history. Most Americans think that history begins in nineteen seventy nine when the Iranians took Americans hostage for four hundred forty four days at the start of the Iranian revolution in fact for the Iranians history starts back in the nineteen fifties when the United States working with British intelligence knocked off democratically elected prime minister are because we were afraid that Iran was going to nationalize all the oil and make it difficult for us and for Great Britain so the Iranians hostility towards the United States historically started long before hours because we put in place the Shah of Iran who was whereas very good to the United States but truly a horrible dictator to his people and brought about the Iranian Revolution in the case of with North Korea. The United States obviously fought a war on the side of South Korea against the north the north at at the time of the Korean War was the growing economy in the southwest the poor economy now the south is the behemoth in Northeast East Asia along with of course Japan and the north is the poor cousin so where you start what the history is how how people negotiate differently. Some countries are very transactional. I'd say the North Koreans are more transactional than the Iranians are the Iranians artist transactional. I mean means. They're ready to do a deal if they can get what they need and you can get what you need. They're quick to quicker to do a deal. I think than some uh-huh the Iranians are much more sophisticated negotiators very legalistic very complex. It's not to say either of these. Negotiations are easy. They're quite quite difficult but people have different negotiating styles some countries negotiate top down others negotiate bottom up and the same would be true for businesses and any organization so the history matters so when you walked into for example Iranian negotiating table. It was fairly hostile EILLY. You looked at with distrust I mean how do you get from that given the history to a point where you're actually talking and bill developing some trust that are you working towards common ground which we'll talk about later on. I actually think it's not about trust. I think it's about respect. I don't think that given the history between the United States in Iran that one can really have a basis for trust and I think it is however about having some respect act that the people across the table from you have interests and you may not think they're legitimate interest but they have interests and they have politics that they have to deal with and I respect that they have interests and that they have politics and I need to understand that and I want them to understand my interests and my politics and see if we can't find a place where some of their interests can be addressed but I never lose sight of the objective checked which in the case of Iran was to make sure they never have a nuclear weapon and a which point. Did you feel that you've got to a place where there was respect. And how did you know you would there. We got to know each other quite well. Because we spent hours and hours and hours with each other and remember this was a multilateral negotiation so I not only had to get get to know the Iranians but I had to get to know the English. I had to get to know the French I had to get to know the Germans the Russians the Chinese and all of their delegations what all of their interests were the European Union. I had to understand. US politics I I joke all the time that I negotiated inside the US administration. I negotiated with Capitol Hill. I negotiated with interest groups in the United States. I negotiated with each one of the partners in the negotiation and bilaterally and with them as a group I negotiated with Israel which had a huge interest in what we were doing it and negotiate with all the Gulf countries I negotiated in any country that had had an interest in this and yes occasionally even negotiated with Iran. It is a very complex time intensive process and all the while I was doing the negotiation I was the under secretary of state responsible for all the rest of the world so one of the things that you would do one of the things that I was doing but not the the only thing I went to fifty four countries while I was the under secretary over four years from twenty eleven to two thousand fifteen some of them more within once so it was a privilege to have the job but in exhausting job it was and you were saying that you got to know the other party at the table fairly well and that the relationships that you built over the time started to develop into respect yes I think respect for each other's positions and interests even if there was not agreement agreement respect that we couldn't get to a solution unless we all sort of came to agree on what with the objective was during this negotiation a Russia for instance invaded Ukraine and took over Crimea and and that was a situation where the United States was going to have to take some significant action to sanction Russia for this but at the same time I I was negotiating table with the Russians trying to solve another problem and I had gotten to know Sergei Rehab cough my counterpart quite well because we had actually work together with Secretary Kerry and Secretary and Foreign Minister Lavrov to negotiate the Syria Chemical Weapons Agreement so I know new Sergei rather well by now as a negotiator and he I was had great respect for his skill and you went up to him at a cocktail. I think I think in your book you mentioned that it was actually morning coffee. A coffee said it was a very busy room and I went over to him and I said Sergei. How could you possibly do what you have done and it took him a moment to realize is when I was talking about and then he realized it was Ukraine. He looked at me for a moment. He said nothing is Amiss and he walked away and the reason he walked away was to say to me. If I stay here we you're going to have a fight and that will not serve our purpose in this room. We will have to deal with this issue for sure but not right now not right this moment while we're trying to ensure that Iran doesn't obtain a nuclear weapon so it makes sense yes makes perfect sense and you have to be able to walk and Chew Gum and run and skip all at the same time right and and that's what we did as a essentially. He compartmentalized yes he was able to say there's something else that we're working on. Its focus on that and we'll come come back to two that. Did that. Increase your respect for him or was that just it you know Did you feel very very skillful diplomat so it increased is my respect for his skill right okay so let me just come back to sort of getting to know the parties at the table and building up to a point of respect. It didn't always go through very smoothly. MD's apart in your book that you describe where you said something in a Senate hearing I think it was and you said that deception is in the DNA to the Iranians and that made it all the way to Tehran and how that affected and how we when you look back on that what's the lesson there you stop there..
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"It's there is protection, not as a major instrument of social change. It's they're just like the first amendment as an anchor to make sure bad things don't happen in the future. One equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex to the congress shall have the Power to enforce by appropriate legislation. The provisions of this article three, this amendment shall take effect two years after the date of ratification. What I've just recited is the full text of the equal rights amendment or the ER. It's amazingly simple concept, but the fight to add it to the US constitution in the late nineteen seventies and early eighties was anything but simple after countless pitched political battles across the country. The amendment ultimately came up just three states short of ratification by the congressionally mandated deadline in nineteen eighty two for decades. It was assumed that was the end of it. But in March last year, Nevada became the thirty six state to ratify bringing you just two states short of the required thirty eight in between the women's March and metoo movements. The idea of resurrecting the ERA doesn't. Seem so far fetched. Hello and welcome to the Harvard Kennedy School policy cast. I'm your host had water in joining us today. Today's H professor Jane Mansbridge who originally authored the book why we lost the ER a in one thousand nine hundred. Six also served until very recently is chair of the American political science association fresher Mansbridge. Thank you so much for joining us. Thank you. Would seems really interesting about the is that in its history, it is kind of defied our our partisan lines. You know, when it was first proposed, it was opposed by progressives when it was first put into a party platform. It was the Republican party. Absolutely. Can you trace us through the history of how this developed over time y'all? The Democrats Jamba critic party and the Democrats oppose the area at the beginning because they were, I think, correctly that it would. Eliminate the protective laws for women in this country. A lot of labor legislation began, and indeed that sometimes as far as it got was laws saying that women couldn't were more than X number of hours or bear X more than X number pounds or whatever. Because the country was very anti labor legislation. And so the only way labor legislation could get in was by being legislation for women and children. And so the Democrats were afraid that that was going to this would eliminate that special legislation and it would have so they opposed it. But then what happened was the those laws got changed to include men and two wasn't as necessary. There have been Eva Lucien in the law and the administrative law. So that actually before the era came to the congress. Or. The the discriminations. The special provision for women had been upgraded to be provisioned for men or or eliminated. So those issues were were sort of began to be gone by the time. The then the Democrats took took the array into their platform, but but it was definitely a Republican issue for awhile when it first came before the states, it was absolutely a bipartisan issue. It was bi-partisanship ill. Ronald Reagan, didn't put it in his platform in nineteen eighty. But before that both parties headed and their their political platforms, what actual effect would it have on legislation especially today? Well, we don't actually know, and there was a section in my book about what it would do. It's a little bit. Like as I said, the first amendment you put the principal in and then you know, all sorts of strange things might happen. For example, under the first amendment, we have citizens. Netted, which keeps us from having any reasonable campaign finance laws, but we hope there wouldn't be that kind of what I consider perversion actually of the amendment. You put you just you put an amendment in because it you think that there's a principle that ought to be in the constitution, like free speech or that that equal rights for women, and then you can't completely predict what the court will do with it, but you assume that
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"When you suddenly decide that your loved one needs to go into serious inpatient treatment, you suddenly become frantic. I've got to find a place to put this person, And each addict is different. The opioid epidemic is frustratingly difficult to untangle. There's little doubt that have reached a crisis point in the United States some time in the last few years. And there seems to be political will on both sides of the aisle to tackle. But how our guest today is no stranger to complex challenges after military career culminating into tenure as vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. He's very familiar with marshalling the resources necessary to overcome formidable obstacles. And so when his son fell victim to addiction, he leapt into action ranging for the best possible treatment he could find. But even then it wasn't enough. Now a father's grief for his lost son has transformed into a mission to help save other families the same fate. Hello and welcome to the Harvard Kennedy School policy gas. I'm your host Mak had water in this week. We're joined by retired US Navy Admiral James Sandy winner felt He's currently a professor at Georgia Tech in a senior non-resident fellow. Here at the Kennedy schools Belfer Center Fesser Admiral. Thanks so much for joining us morning, Matt. It's really a pleasure to be your Thank you for having me. This is a subject that has touched so many people around the country. It's something we see in the news, and it's also something that seems to have no easy answers. Of course, we're talking about the opioid crisis in the United States. You just as we were speaking right before this interview started. You say you have not found a problem that is as complex as this. Can you talk a little bit about that? Sherma The the opioid epidemic is indeed probably the most complex public policy issue that I've ever dived into. The dimensions are all over the place. The the cultural problems, The the interrelatedness of the solution threads are is terribly important. And it's it's if it weren't such a tragedy in my own family will be one of the most interesting and and rewarding things I've ever done. And unfortunately. It lives inside this background noise of sadness that we have now half because we lost our son in September. We decided at that point that we could either Curl up on a little ball and wish this away, or based on some of the experiences we've had an and getting things done, people we know that sort of thing. We felt that we should try to contribute to the solution. So I feel terrible if I didn't try to do something about this. And so we started our foundation That's designed to attack some of the complexity that you're talking about. Can you tell us a little bit about your son Jonah? Jonathan grew up in a military family seemed like a fairly normal kid, good athlete, very smart, very creative. Younger brother had a mischievous bent to him All. I'll never forget when we got a phone call one day from his second-grade teacher informing us that he had been selling school supplies to his students and lending them the money and charging interest in order to do it. So he's an I didn't know whether to be, you know, happier sad about that. But John was was a really, really interesting kid. A good baseball. Pitcher, unfortunately, he also grew up with a anxiety and depression, which so many young people these days have a I think the there's a large number of God, teenagers in particular who have this, you just don't hear about as much because there is a little stigma associated with that. And we found that John's started to self-medicate in that regard in it was that was contributed to by the fact that he was misdiagnosed as having Attention Deficit syndrome and was prescribed Adderall, which is a methamphetamine, which is probably the worst thing you want to give to somebody who has anxiety. And so John gradually grew in through a alcohol eventually weed and then Zan acts. And who knows what had a series of unfortunate events that cause us to become more and more are concerned. And then it culminated in a major event where we decided that he absolutely needed to go and inpatient treatment. Now, of course you by virtue of your position had access to treatment options that may not have been available to others, But even. Even then it sounds like from your experience, It was difficult to find those treatment options. Well, two dimensions that problem, First of all, when you suddenly decide that your loved one needs to go into serious inpatient treatment, you suddenly become frantic. I've got to find a place to put this person. And each addict is different at different dimensions of age gender, how they got into addiction in the first place And what their insurance is like. So there was a frantic week there while John was detox in where we were very lucky to find a good place in Pennsylvania to take him. The challenge was through the military healthcare system non-striker at the time. They really did not have a grip on what this was all about. They just didn't understand the disease of addiction and in particular what you call the the dual or a Komor bitterly of a a mental challenge, uh, anxiety depression and addiction at the same time, that has to be treated very, very carefully in a very special way. And there aren't very many places that can do that and track. You're just didn't understand. On top of that, John was one months shy of his eighteen th birthday. And there are some places that only take people younger than eighteen others than only take them older than eighteen and you're, we really didn't have a place to take him. Uh, until we were fortunate to discover a this again, this place very good place in Pennsylvania. Very complex trying to get into a treatment system. We were very fortunate in that, uh, we were able to afford this ourselves because insurance Just didn't understand. I think I read a EU wrote about this in the Atlantic And, uh, you mentioned that this The further fifteen months that Jonathan spent in this care system. I, it cost more than four years of of Harvard. He have private highly divergent. Yeah, It really did. Have you spoken with people have been in similar positions is yourself except for who didn't necessarily have access to the resources that you might have? Well, we we are. Loves light. Looks gives me website wet live on now the twenty nine th of November. At the same time, reduce CBS News interview in the Atlantic article came out. So we got a, a torrent of emails, and I would divide those emails into three categories. Some people just cheering us on a lot of people willing to help who said, I'm good at this. I want to help you. But a large number of people crying for help. I have a loved one who's in addiction. I don't know what to do. I don't know where to take him or her for treatment. And so many people can't afford this or don't have insurance that will cover it. You find a lot of people are are brought into safe thirty days of inpatient treatment, or even only a week of inpatient treatment. What I tell audiences is that if you put your son or daughter and thirty days of inpatient treatment, You know what it's going to get you thirty days of sleep, and that's about it because it's just not enough for the brain to really began its recovery from the changes, its undergone, uh, in the course of becoming addicted. So this is a big problem. We have a a shortage of capacity for treatment in the country. We have a shortage of capability for treatment. Treatment Centers That really understand the problem. And then of course affordability as a real issue, I believe I read that in 2017 its estimated that more We'll have died in 2017 alone from opioid overdoses than in the Vietnam Afghanistan Iraq wars combined. Well, I think that's the country. A yo in 2016 around sixty four thousand people died from overdoses, Not all those were opioids, but a substantial majority were. And that in that, that one year for the whole country is more than people who who died of Vietnam War and presents in combat. That just indicates the true human nature. This tragedy, the scale of this crisis, and how terribly important is that we as a nation, invest in the capability to to treat people. Now, that's only one of the lines of operation the country needs to take aren't, but it's probably the most expensive one in terms of dramatically scaling up our ability to bring people and and give them the treatment that will work. In most cases. When you put Jonathan into treatment center, how. How confident Did you feel though it during that time, while he was undergoing treatment that there was a way out? How would n- what was the process for you as a as a family? Well, it began with having no idea. We were just desperate that put Johnny on a place where where he had a chance to stay alive. And as we, we really didn't understand addiction until we actually got him into the treatment. And they have these parents symposiums where they've literally described to, uh, uh, The Journey of addiction, how it really physiologically works in in the brain, which is part of public-awareness raising our knowledge of that. But as we gradually began to both understand that and watch our son recover. We gained a lot of confidence that maybe this is going to work Now ultimately in the end it didn't. But, but we really did have a lot of confidence as he got further and further into his treatment. He decided to get his emergency medical technician qualification as the empty Call. He was very excited about that. He was more excited about that than anything I've ever seen him do other than maybe get on the mound and pitch a baseball. He wanted to help other people like himself. So that was very encouraging to us. He had a gap year from the University of Denver that we were fortunate enough to have a and uh, he decided as he got towards the end of his treatment that pay, You know, I can do this. Denver main asked him asked every incoming freshman to write an NSA. And in the the question posed in the essay was, who has had the most profound influence on your life And what Jonathan throat this very profound essay about an ambulance ride that he took during his empty qualification that involved him finding himself performing CPR on a heroin addict, undergoing an overdose in a McDonald's bathroom. And that moment was very seminal for him. It cost him to realize that this guy had a family. What about my own family? And at that point, he decided to dedicate himself to other people. Will we didn't know is how deeply the opioid molecule had burrowed into his brain. And even as we had rapidly gained this great confidence, 'cause he wrote this amazing essay. He was just starting his relapse. And
"harvard" Discussed on Harvard Kennedy School PolicyCast
"In 2016 in 2017 false information spread like wildfire across social networks around the globe especially in lead up to elections and democratic countries while disinformation campaigns are nothing new democracies in elections the scaled the seemingly new phenomenon was unprecedented soon it earned nickname fake news it's a term that since been repeated far and wide most notably by politicians and autocratic seeking to discredit legitimate journalists but also by the news media itself as they attempt to grapple with what's going on but if there's one thing two days guests implore you to do it's to stop saying fit f start star start in stars stars star hello and welcome to the harvard kennedy school policy cast i'm your host mak had water in joining us today or shorenstein send a research fellow claire ward of leads first draft in organization recently brought under the auspices of the kennedy schools shorenstein center as well as writer and researcher who seemed iraq sean her they're both coauthors of the recent report information disorder toward an interdisciplinary framework for research in policymaking the to that in show nuts claire thanks so much for joining us thank you for having health so we're going to have hussein he's he's he's traveling to the studio right now we're going to have him with us very very soon on but until then i let's just open up in talk a little bit about this report is a fascinating i would really encouraged all of our listeners to go and read it it's a fastening breakdown of information disorder do you spend a lot of time in this report canvas tablet zhang and defining terms for the various types of information disorder why was that important from the outset.
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"In in eighteen 75 a bribery scandal threatened to derail the administration of ulysses s grant or grant himself wasn't implicated his personal secretary was creating an obvious conflict of interest so grant turned to a novel concept at least at the federal level he appointed a neutral special prosecutor to investigate the matter shortly thereafter grant set yet another precedent by firing the man he had boy had appointed but in doing so he caused a political uproar forcing him to hire yet another prosecutor to take the place of the original today we find ourselves and not too dissimilar territory as former fbi director robert muller engages in one of the most important investigation since watergate the rest of the world's left piece together clues about where the case might end up in with every new development speculation has intensified about whether president trump will attempt to quash the issue by firing moeller earn all who might stand in the way hello and welcome to the harvard kennedy school policy cast i'm your host mac had water in today we're going to try to make heads or tails out of where things stand with the help of each case lecture juliet kayem previously served as assistant secretary for intergovernmental affairs at the us department of homeland security during the obama administration and in dishing teaching heritage gas is also ceo of zemke i should also note in full disclosure that up until recently i served as juliets producer by the skift her erstwhile podcast at of g w g v h news it's great see i know it's good to be back in the studio with yearly eta we had to say goodbye to the podcast not fair well that goodbye is given some of my other work commitments fed is good to be back here i can imagine given all of your what your portfolio is raid now it's a little overwhelming and i think in general if for anybody who's following the news ram.
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"Her provisions in this bill than just about anything else if i right not bad on the tax bill i'll say this the bad bill and it has a terrible passed through profession i'm a republican friend of mine will right not dead no be like this is a great bill and we could make it even better if weeds rocked the passer provision and the reason for that is that a basic principle of taxation is you he wanted tax similar activities at similar rates you want people doing what makes the most sense economically not what makes the most sense to exploit differences and loopholes in the tax code and what the past supervision does is says depending on how you label your income you might end up paying at a higher rate might end up paying at a lower rate if i go out on the side and do some consulting and give people economic advice should i be paying a lower tax rate on that because that's pastor incumbent on the small business or you know i should be paying the same amount on that that i get paid um to teach here at harvard i think there's not a lot of justification for saying you're gonna tax different activities at different rates similar activities at different rates so before we say i want to invite all the folks who are watt watching on facebook live as well as i believe periscope along those lines i want to ask one question by jacob eiser a person who i really don't know and i don't meyer.
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"Last month when we first sat down with professor jason firm to talk about the gop tax reform effort a specific bill hammond even been me public yet yet now just a few weeks later not only have we seen a bill but several bills two of which have already been approved by the house and senate respectively it's a what to have taken place in such a short amount of time especially considering the farreaching consequences of the landmark piece of legislation so if your head still spinning and you're looking for some perspective whole tight we've got you covered hello and welcome to the harvard kennedy school policy cast i'm your host mak had water and as we wait for the final version of the builder who emerged from the conference committee we ask professor furhman the former chair of the white house council of economic advisers under the obama administration to join us once again give us an update on where things stand this time in a live broadcast on the kennedy schools facebook page as a side note were open a livestream more of these interviews going forward so if you'd like to ask one of our guests the question should follow us on twitter policy cast to find out when will be going live next okay here's professor firm that the speed of this has been dizzying i'm five weeks ago there was no draft legislation at all we didn't really know what this was gonna look like and fast forward tiny bit over a month later on both the house and senate have passed bills a final bill hasn't been passed for the president's signature but the house and senate are similar enough that i certainly would expect that to happen in terms of what's in here of the most important things to know with any tax bill our number one how much does it cost and here the estimate is that after accounting for economic growth this would cost one trillion dollars over the next decade.
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"Millions amazon than their own rating system okay are they upset the we gave all this product slide scars if so than maybe they shouldn't have products that don't rate fox hey health la held layer up but so it was a brilliant idea by barkley and we had a ton of fun with it and believe it or not we had a la to people who took notice of it and it allowed the other thing that was really cool it was a way for the citizens of kansas city to chime in and get them to tell google that we want it or amazon amazon that we wanted him to conquer going entrusted to google now we'll take him both why i'm interested in that because obviously this was a pitch for amazon yeah but something tells me that you are just talking to add or more people who knows something about kansas city today than there was that's what everybody wants in that was a way to market the city even if they didn't read the reviews they heard about it and they thought it come from kansas city all kansas city maybe on a think about going there seeing what's going on in kansas city um and it worked thank you so much for coming on policy casadei really per rabbits great talking to your rule out things that matter and stay away from all the political nonsense and squabbles that don't achieve policy cast is production harvard kennedy school i met cad walter that's at met canada on twitter my coproducer natalie montaner sara abrams in becky whicle have something to tell us about this or any other episode let us know on twitter policy cast or via email it policy casted h care start harvard dot eu in visit us at each case policy cast dot org cnn ext week.
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"As 2016 the us census bureau estimates that more than eighty percent of the us population now live in urban areas americans have become by and large city slickers of course that doesn't mean most americans live in super dense areas like manhattan but if you think about it in terms of the development of public policy city governments are playing an important role in the daytoday lives of the vast majority of americans in while the federal government seems stuck in partisan gridlock many municipal leaders if embrace their role as incubators for innovations and governance hello and welcome to the harvard kennedy school policy cast i'm your host mac had water and joining us today is one of those leaders kansas city mayor slide james who was first elected in 2011 then reelected in 2015 he's on campus as a visiting fellow at the institute of politics swells the ash center for democratic governance and innovation before we get to mayor james i just want to note that unfortunately i ran into some technical issues with the recording of this interview and while i've tried to smooth things out and preserve as much of the interview as possible you'll probably notice a number of odd jumps that were unavoidable despite my best editing efforts under and 78 episodes in in you'd think i'd have nailed this process by now but i appreciate your bearing with me is mayor thanks so much for joining us less bigger bat first of all did you always want to be mayor you seem like you are you were made for it i may have been made ford but it wasn't something i always wanted to do some of the only thing that i knew i always wanted to do was to be a lawyer and that a lot of other opportunities sprang from that and was going into the election that you one that you decided i need to be a need to be in that role no you know it's kind of like you know what they say about frogs if you toss of frog into boiling water the hop ride out but if you toss a frog into the water warm up whoa the.
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"Oh ho ho low last week the kennedy school center for international development launched a brand new version of its atlas of economic complexity before you go searching for it let me warn you can be slightly addictive the atlas is at its core a database of decades worth of economic data from every country honor imports exports industries products but if you picturing a series of snoozing do sing spreadsheets you'd be wrong the atlas manages to bring all that data to life through interactive visuals ations that for me at least often turn into rabbit holes of esoteric fascination of course the visuals ations aren't just a novelty near illustrations of complexity economics a field pioneered in part by ricardo hausmann that has proven and reliable predictor of future economic growth hello and welcome to the harvard kennedy school policy cast i'm your host knack had waller in this week in honor of the atlas his 20 launch we're pulling from the archives to feature an interview i conducted with professor housman in 2013 where he explains what economic complexity is and how both investors and makers can use it to better inform their decisionmaking thanks for joining us thank you for having me can you describe what exactly economic complexity is and why it's an important measure for countries around the world well essentially economic complexities related to how much does a city a state a country knows how to do in the essential ideas that the the fundamental ingredient to be able to do something is to know how to do it and an economy is characterized by what it knows how to do a and then in poor countries than to know how to do fuel simple things and rich countries dental know how to do more things and among them more complicated things you we've sometimes used the metaphor over scrabble so the economies like a game of scrabble and the if you have very fuel letters you can make very few words and short words and the more letters you have a the bigger the variety of the words that you could cook up and the long were those words so the variety and complexity of the things that come on economies able to make is a measure of their productive knowledge of their knowhow saudi measure those specific god scrabble pieces well.
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"When we identify with the protagonist of a story we're not just learning about what happened we're are actually getting some of the experience of what did him and so the moral that history teaches is to the heart much more so than to the head beck when he is a graduate student at the university chicago famed author kurt vonnegut it submitted a thesis pausing that stories had shapes and could be plotted like sign waves on graft paper going one step further he also claimed that most stories followed just a handful of shapes giving each schori a name boymeetsgirl man in whole old testament and cinderella the thesis was rejected of course monte gets shapes are now cited often by storytellers which is in and of itself an example of a man in whole story and not least in part because there's a wide recognition of both the power of storytelling in simplicity at the heart of our stories hello and welcome the harvard kennedy school policy cast i'm your host mac had water in joining us today's h a senior lecturer marshall guns under legendary grassroots organizer who cut his teeth in the civil rights movement before becoming an integral part of cesar chavez successful campaign to unionize farmworkers in california today he teaches organizing and leadership peered kennedy school fesser thanks so much for joining us this morning so when you speak about organizing you often emphasize the importance of narrative the concept of public narrative he why is that.