35 Burst results for "four feet"
Can I Prune an Overgrown Rhododendron Now or in the Spring?
"Jason said in question. He says I have an out-of-control Rhododendron. It's about twelve feet high and it's moving out over the sidewalk. I'd like to cut it back is now or spring better time and I'd like to cut it back to three or four feet tall week. Okay. I don't know how to handle this. Sorry did he hasn't been keeping up with it Over time. However, that being said I'm going to start with a truck accident and that is a mail truck that was parked. It was evacuated package were taking the building the truck brake apparently hadn't been set. It turned up over the curb went in and broke off about twelve foot tall rhododendrons ripe add bumper height. So let's just say it thirty inches I have an old Lord. That's the end of those while I went by two years later. They had been left in they had to had all the dead removed and so on and they had grown back another six inches. I suppose nine inches each year. I was dumbfounded. I thought it would kill them. However didn't so where what is being suggested is a really delicate in terms of balance of what will and won't make it I'd say go ahead now, I would definitely under these circumstances cut it off in the early spring. I don't even know what date to put on it, but around April 1st some time prior to the plant. Well it just even back into March sometime prior to that plant wasting any energy putting out New Growth new leaves flowing etcetera. I would prone it Bend so that it can log So to speak just to the loss. It will not have expended energy from the root and Crown area up into the plant. It won't have used up enough. But what there should be plenty of energy left to start to excite the buds in the by that means get them to Growing that are on the lower parts of the plant. Now, this is risky. However, as I say the truck off on its own it took out three plants and I was dumbfounded that came along quite so nicely. So if well, first of all, I would do it in Spring only 1/8, I would do it before you even lose the flowers just so you don't cause that energy deficit any greater than it will be then I would definitely dress the surface around those months starting twelve inches out or at a plant thirteen twelve inches out from the trunk. I would put some acid fertilizer on the ground throughout the whole area. That would have been the drip line of the place. It's a 12-footer could be 4 or 4 and 1/2 even five feet across.
Scale, Proportion and choosing Art for your Walls
"Is how an item relates to the size of the room while proportion is the relationship between items. For example, we've all been to a home that has an overstuffed SOFA in a smaller sized living room there just doesn't seem to be enough room to move about comfortably. It's because the scale is wrong the smaller the Rome is the more petite or delicate the furnishings and decor should be. If you have a smaller square foot home or have normal sized ceilings. The scale of things should be generally smaller than that of a home with nine or twelve foot ceilings and a bigger footprint. Will what does that mean when you're at that typical store deciding which planter to get and you have a three thousand, five, hundred square foot home with nine foot ceilings you almost always would choose the largest one available in this scenario. Now remember standing there at the store you might not fully understand your scale at home because you are in the store. So your eyes are registering that planter next to the planters beside it. That, planter might look so huge because it's sold next to smaller ones but once you get at home with your tall ceilings and oversized couch it feels proportionate. It feels right. It doesn't look huge at all when you get home because the scale of everything is bigger. The answer might be different however, if you already have a large planter in your shopping for two more that together with the largest one will become a cluster. In which case you need to think of the proportion of the larger one in relation to the two, you'll be buying not all three should probably be the same size unless you're lining them up down the sidewalk for example, to make that sort of repetitive statement, which can be very attractive. So. In this example, I explained proportion referring to the size of the two new planters and how it relates to the existing planter in the room. We have tall ceilings but a relatively small footprint. So my answer to everything everywhere to myself in our case, both indoors and outdoors is small footprint item. But Tall, you've all seen tall and skinny planters just because you're room is small and you don't have much square footage it doesn't mean you have to forego the things you want. It just means you might need to think of the puzzle differently. Take, for example, our master bedroom. The only thing that makes it a master is that it has a really large walking closet with a window and a decent size master bathroom. It's not the size of the room itself that makes it a master. We have nine foot tall ceilings and three windows. So it certainly light and bright, but the footprint itself is small. Are King. Size bed measures, seven feet, and some change including the frame. I would call it not proportionate to our bedroom because that is eleven feet deep leaving a walkway clearance of just four feet between the bed and the wall. But I, need my space when I sleep and so I decided I would take my space and reasons senses and figure this out. We needed a solution to hold the cable box for the flat panel TV mounted on the wall at the end of the bed with just four feet of walkway putting credential. Here was not an option. It was just too tight and didn't allow enough passage between the two. I searched the world over for something wall mounted that can hold a few books o'clock plant and the cable box discreetly. After months of looking I found a company out of California. Called would waves. To My delight this company lines up with my love of products that serve more than one purpose to conserve resources while saving space. From mid century modern to coastal and Beechy. Guys have options and man do I love options for rooms with a small footprint? I cannot say enough how much I love a wall mounted credentials at nightstand or dual purpose shelf they have mirrors with lights on them. They have wall mounted bookcases with a floating nightstand and so much more. You can find them on the interwebs at would waves dot com we chose a bed frame with a higher tufted headboard and that means part of it is art or interest in the room because of its height and texture in scenarios like this you'll want to avoid too many items on the walls which can easily end up looking junkie or like too much clutter. Smaller frames can be clustered together in a grid so it's clean and polished. Remember to leave blank space in each room both on the wall, and above furniture a room looks cluttered when every square inch of it is filled to the brim, the I needs room to rest. So provide it by leaving some services bear and make sure you can see the baseboards at several spots in each room.
SPACE WEEK: Every Moon, Ranked
"Too small notes before we hit you with some hot moon takes one. Obviously, we're not talking about all one hundred and fifty moons. We picked handful from the top ten, and then we'll do a lightning round on some others. All of these bodies meet the technical definition of Moon meaning they orbit an asteroid or a planet, not the Sun. Second Note. Jennifer's list also includes a few of what NASA calls provisional moons. These are bodies that are kind of, let's say unofficial maybe haven't been studied that well or confirmed yet. Yeah. So. I want to add that the scientists that I spoke to. They said that they're probably way more moons out there that we haven't even discovered yet. Well. So cool. Okay. All right. So number ten on your list diddy moon yet say, yes is did he moon? So, did he moon it's not circling a planet. It is actually circling an asteroid it. It is very tiny. It's about five hundred, twenty, four feet in diameter and it's orbiting. The asteroid diddy. Moss in it's it's kind of part of a very cool future NASA mission, right? Yes. So did he moon is part of a really important the item mission and the item mission is like this cosmic dress rehearsal basically, NASA wants to send a spacecraft to slam into diddy moon and knock it off course. Now I know what you're thinking. It sounds pretty familiar and yes, it is essentially the plot of Armageddon. Show me. But it's a really really important mission in it's going to help us test one of the ways that we think we might be able to potentially deflect a hazardous object that might be pearling towards earth. So cool. Okay. Number six called by one expert you talk to the most underrated moon in the solar system orbiting Jupiter Ganymede Ganymede. Ganymede is such a fascinating world Ganymede is the largest moon in our solar system. It's actually larger than Mercury Ganymede is also the only moon that we've known to have a magnetosphere. Cool. Earth has a magnetosphere and it's essentially this covering this kind of magnetic shell that we have of charged particles and what it does. It actually protects us from harmful radiation. So there's tons of radiation that's generated by the sun and from interstellar space, and that magnetosphere protects us it's potentially allowed life to form. Can I tell you that I am horrified to report I thought Ganymede was a made up moon Scifi show the expanse. Oh. Yes on that. Farm on Ganymede and I'm like it was a fun made up plays I love that shout the expanse it's a great show. Yeah no can't meet is just so fascinating. So number four on your list orbiting Neptune. Triton. Yes. Triton is an absolute misfit. First of all I will say it looks just like a cantaloupe if you look at the picture. How was ranked keep going I, mean, that is, of course, the important feature. But really, what's cool about Triton is that it's essentially this kind of Pluto sized object that we believe has been captured by Neptune and now orbits the planet and temperatures on Triton and we we know this thanks to the voyager two spacecraft but temperatures on Triton have dipped as low as minus three hundred ninety one degrees Fahrenheit. Super Cold Nope nope. nope. nope things. But it's partially because it's got like this ice covered surface right and that reflects a ton of the light that it receives that it's by. Yeah absolutely. That's that's another really weird thing about Tritan on it has what's called an incredibly high Albedo. So that's basically a measurement of how much late a body reflects. and. Triton's is actually really high. It reflects about seventy percent of the sunlight. It receives I'm like in Triton I'm going to be honest with you Ganymede. But I'm like Triton right now array. Okay. Time for the top three Jennifer. Are you prepared I? Think so bronze-medal orbiting Saturn Moon. That contains the big four ingredients for life hydrogen carbon nitrogen and oxygen enceladus. Yeah. So enceladus is absolutely fascinating moon. So the Cassini mission when it arrived to observe Saturn's moons, it noticed that there were jets spewing out of ENCELADUS, right? So they actually took a detour and had Cassini swing through those jets to collect samples of that liquid into turned out to be liquid water right? I remember when that happened that was wild. That was like a big deal. Yes. Absolutely, and so it really spurred a lot of interest in enceladus. Of course, we love Europa. But enceladus is really this kind of new and exciting moon and you know as you mentioned, it has the big four ingredients for life. That's really just an incredible sign that this might be one of the places where we find life. Okay. Number two on the list orbiting Jupiter lot of Okano's and some lightning. I oh. Yes. So I will admit that I have some volcanic. I really love of volcanoes. Thank you for disclosing that conflict of interest Jennifer I have to be I have to be honest. I'm anyone who knows me knows that I absolutely love volcanoes. So naturally, I O, which is the most volcanically active body in our solar system would have to take second there are over four hundred volcanoes on the surface of Iowa and they spew jets of. Lava hundreds of miles and two space. It's really incredible. Okay. So this is the wildest thing about Iot to me is that I owe can generate like true current. Yes. So of all of the Galilee and moons of Jupiter, Iowa's actually the closest to Jupiter and so sweeps through its magnetic field and that causes it to create this electric current it can generate. As much as three million amperes, and actually this jolt of electricity is then shot back to Jupiter and it creates lightning in the planet's. Fear I mean, that's cooler than the volcanoes. Some some people would say that. Yes. Okay. Your number one moon Jennifer orbiting. Saturn. A Moon I could walk on with potentially nothing more than an oxygen. Mask Titan. So Titan. Is. The only other place that we've observed so far that has a thick substantial atmosphere. So our atmosphere of course is. Critical for life here on earth and tighten, it has a similar has a sort of similar atmospheric also mostly composed of nitrogen but the second most common gas in the atmosphere is actually methane. So right. So instead of like US having oxygen the next most abundant compound in that moons atmosphere in Titan's atmosphere is methane. Yeah. Absolutely, and you think about Earth, we have a water on earth all. Three phases of water on earth. So there's liquid and gas and ice but on Titan you have liquid methane on the surface, which is really really incredible. It's the only other body in the solar system that we've observed to have liquid on its surface, and these are rivers and lakes and seas of methane and ethane part of the reason why it's got this like, orange Gooby Hayes, around the moon. Yes. So Essay in the methane on those hydrocarbons, that kind of creates it's it's really this I feel like it's really beautiful. It's this kind of soft orangish glow. So it looks a little bit fuzzy whereas other moons that don't have an atmosphere they. They look very sharp but this is very, it's a very muted known. It's. Yeah. Beautiful I think. Yeah. So. Before we go Jennifer we had to leave out a of sweet moons. So we're GONNA do lightning round. I'm going to mention a moon from your list and you give us one moon. Moon Pinions, but moon fax perfect. That sounds great. Okay. Number Forty, one Jupiter's moon ammonia. Yes. So a Mafia is actually the object in our solar system and we aren't one hundred percent. Sure. Why beautiful reds my favorite coloreds promoted to thirty one. Okay Number Twenty Jupiter's Moon Callisto. So Callisto is thought to have the. Surface in the entire solar system. Pretty Sweet. Okay. Number eighteen and nineteen combined also Saturn Moons Atlas and Pan. Atlas and Pan Look like giant Ravioli with aerial around their equator. It's so much fun. Okay. Number Thirteen one of the two moons around Mars Phobos some phobos is a giant rubble pile on track to either fling itself into Mars or split apart in orbit on some missions. Actually proposed a pit stop on the tiny moon on our way to the Red Planet love it. Okay. Number Eleven, Maranda orbiting Uranus. So Miranda is home to Verona Rupe. It's the tallest cliff in the solar system. If you fell off its edge, you would have time to read the newspaper before you hit the ground. Okay.
Teachers win lawsuit against Florida governor to stop mandated school openings, Miami
"Now, the corona virus pandemic and a major victory for teachers in Florida who sued over the statewide order to reopen schools for in-person teaching. Our Kerry Sanders has the latest. Florida's schools forced to open by Republican Governor Rhonda. Santa's today. Granted Authority to close back down. If they choose school board members across the state said they had no choice but to open because if they didn't the governor would cut off state education dollars this lawsuit crews that we do not have safe insecure. Public schools were our children to learn or our teachers to teach say Florida Judge Charles Datsuns injunction released. Late, this afternoon says in part, there is not room in many classrooms for social distancing. There is not room to put desks four feet apart much less six feet apart as is recommended. Teachers have not been provided adequate personal protection equipment. The state order to open is unconstitutional to the extent that it arbitrarily disregard safety where the politics seems to override the science. I think we're GONNA see more action about this right now because it is our obligation. To. Actually make sure that we keep people safe. Tonight Florida's Governor says he will appeal the ruling. Meanwhile, virtual classes will continue across the state
Melrose Police Officers Help Save Boston Boy Impaled On Fence
"Fast action by Melrose Police Save the life of a young boy after he suffered a serious leg injury was about 9 30 Tuesday. I when officers were dispatched the Winthrop Elementary School officer Levi to France and Sergeant Charles burned with the first on the scene and found a 14 year old boy. Impaled by the spikes at the top of the four foot fence, possibly hitting his femoral artery. Friends of the team had used to sweatshirt to attempt to stop the bleeding officer to friends. We used, the department issued tourniquet to stop the bleeding. Squeezing the pressure point had the victim focus on him. Rather than on his injuries. The boy was taken to a Boston hospital by ambulance is said to be in good health. It is not believed to have suffered any long term health
Making Tiny Design Work Better with Lina Menard
"All right. I am here with Linda, Menard. Linda. Is a natural co-conspirator who has lived out her own questions around intentional living less stuff and happiness she has resided in a travel trailer, Yurt backyard cottage and three and counting tiny houses on wheels. Routed through a background in sustainable design, build and urban planning. Linda. Also has a pension for experiential learning and healthy communities. She has found her niche nestled between small spaces, collaborative education, and Community Planning Linda Minard. Welcome to the show. I even thanks to be here. Glad to have you. You know we we were talking just a minute ago, and you're like, what? What should we talk about and I had written down all of these kind of disparate things 'cause I just things that we've talked about in the past, and then of course, in in total Lyneham and art style, you just dropped the perfect perfect insight which was designed, build versus build design What do you mean by that? Yeah Well what I mean by it is that a lot of times when people get excited about their tiny house journey. People. Coming. Out. From. One. Of Two. Different. Directions. One direction is the okay. So I'm going to figure out exactly what it is that I want and then figure out exactly how I'm going to build it. And there are other people who are like. I'm a wire or at least I, WanNa be wire and so I'm gonNA figure it out as I go. I'm going to start building and as I build my design going to emerge. Or maybe the alternative to that. The other kind of like you know like plan b version to is. I'm going to have somebody else told the shell or I'm GonNa you know by a partially built house. Or I'm going to buy a little shack or cabin or whatever else is already out there in the world I mean is already built and I'm going to redesign it or or renovate it there. So I think those are you know kind of two approaches to different ways people can go about. Getting the sort of little face it's going to be on sweet on. Is there. Is there a wrong answer? Are they both like valid paths to take? I think they are valid path to take I think that it often depends on kind somebody's quality anyway like are you the sort of person who likes to jump in with both feet and figure it out and be on your toes a little bit? Are you somebody who's really thoughtful and you take your time and you put things on a certain order You know I tend to lean a little bit more towards the design build. Side of things, but I've also gotten myself into projects where. There and figuring out what to do with it. From there I've done renovation work and really enjoyed that some ways it's really nice to not have the blank slate because then you've got something to work with got some constraints and the constraints I think create and some juice penis in terms of getting creative juices flowing because you can't do anything you want you actually have to work within the boundary So I think it's kind of a personality thing I would say the biggest. issue. Is I contact somebody. You. Know they've scheduled a consultation or maybe they're you know in one of my design classes which I teach with you superfund and they say, yeah, I've got a trailer and now we have to figure out what we're going to build. And that I think is a bummer because if you. Give yourself the constraint of the trailer. Before really figuring out what it is that you want. Then, you can't go back and take the trailer bigger or. So I think that can be about are sometimes because we don't necessarily a lot of us. I think especially in America and other Westernized countries we're not necessarily Subaru engage with things that are hands on like building. A sense of scale and so learning how to work down learning, how to design something so that going to suit your need. Is going to help you figure out like Oh. Do I really need twenty four feet or thirty feet or twenty feet or whatever that is if you're building on wheels and the thing that you're actually even on a foundation. You know the trailer sometimes like Oh you know I bought the trailer. Now I forgot to sign I think that can be a bummer because drink but even if people are are working with with the ground structure. Their limitations on a lot of areas where you can and can't build stuff. You don't have any sense yet of what it is you want then you might end up purchasing property where you can't build what you want whether that's that you've purchased the house thinking you could do a basement after dwelling. You know little like basement apartment and you don't have the clearance for it. So I think it goes back and forth I, don't think there's a wrong way right way but I think that understanding what sort of constraints you can live with. Is going to help you to be happier as you're working.
How Long Can Andean Condors Fly Without Flapping Their Wings
"Imagine your average three-year-old human child something around three feet or a meter tall probably covered in jam a now imagine that child trying to get off the ground with a pair of wings bid have to be pretty big wings. Welcome to the plight of the Indian condor species name Volt Hor griffiths the heaviest flying bird in the world. Weighing in at up to thirty three pounds or fifteen kilos, they keep their heavy bodies in the air with some of the longest wings in the world there wingspan can range over ten feet long that's over three meters. There are only a handful of birds carnally living on our planet have larger wings spans, and they're all pelagics, birds, a plastic birds being seabirds that soar over the open ocean for weeks at a time, such as fast petrels and sheer waters. As far as we know, the largest brand ever fly was the Pella. Gorna Sanders C., which lived twenty five to twenty, eight million years ago and was twice as large as the biggest bird living today with a wingspan of twenty four feet over seven meters. Seabirds can accomplish this. Thanks in part to the literally uplifting winds that flow over oceans the Indian condor. Mostly relies on updrafts high in the Andes mountains across much of Western, south. America. The problem with being such a huge bird is that it makes getting off the ground or even flapping those giant wings and flight a bit of an ordeal. Soaring is easy once they're up in the sky and that's mainly what Andean condors do they just float like hang gliders in the air currents sometimes serving the ground for dead animals to eat as a scavenger and sometimes just having an APP. But this means that taking off is the most costly part of the birds overall energy supply. Scientists have always known that they spend very little time flapping their wings but a study published in July of twenty. Twenty and the proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences found the Andean condors flap, their wings, a sum total of almost never. Not, only to the researchers find colossal birds, flap their wings one percent of their total flight time they discovered a bird could fly for five hours and more than one hundred miles or one hundred, fifty kilometers without flapping them once. The research team found that weather didn't affect how much flapping the condors were doing. Study Co author Hannah Williams a postdoctoral researcher at the Max Planck Institute for Animal Behavior said in a press release. This suggests that decisions about when and where to land are crucial as not only do condor's need to be able to take off again but unnecessary landings will add significantly to their overall flight costs. All of which means that in Congress must understand how to use thermals, thermals being invisible patterns and bubbles of air moving all around in the atmosphere to their advantage, and they must understand this much better than scientists previously gave them credit for.
Mars Is The Place To Go This Summer
"Okay Joe Palca. We are talking missions to Mars. Let's start with the United Arab Emirates which launched its probe two weeks ago. As you said, this is the country's first mission to Mars Yup and the probe is called hope and it will arrive in twenty twenty, one and twenty twenty one is a big year for the U. E. as I'm sure you know Emily Kwong I do not Joe Palca, but you're going to tell me why, yes, I am a because it's the fiftieth anniversary of the founding of the UAE which was established in nineteen seventy one. So the morality leadership was eager to do something. Something to celebrate and a mission to Mars seemed like a great idea, Joe, that is a pretty splashy birthday present. Yes. That's what I was hoping for my fiftieth birthday, but I didn't get it. But seriously, that's just one of the reasons that they were going to Mars, it's partly to celebrate, but I talked Sarah Murray the deputy project manager and science lead for the emerets Mars mission. The purpose was not only to get to Mars by twenty twenty one and have vowed scientific. Data coming out of the mission that is unique nature and no other mission has captured before. But more importantly, it was about developing the capabilities and capacity of engineers in the country. Interesting. Yeah. Sarah says that the country's leaders wanted the you A. to develop a more of a knowledge-based economy and building a Mars probe provided a focus for expanding the country's technological capabilities. Okay. So Sarah mentioned the unique nature of this mission. Joe Tell me about the probe and what it is designed to do. It's about the size of a small car in weighs about a ton and a half, and it has these solar panels that look like wings essentially an and when they're spread out, it's about twenty four feet wide and when it goes to, Mars it will go into a really unusual elliptical orbit that will take essentially over every point on Mars. Once a week, it's providing us with full understanding of the changes, the weather of, Mars. Throughout an entire Martian day and throughout all the seasons of Morris throughout an entire Martian year, which lasts roughly two earth years. Wow. So they're really trying to get a comprehensive picture of the Martian atmosphere right and it's not just over time. Here's David Brain. He's part of a team of scientists at the University of Colorado Boulder collaborating on the emerets Mars mission. The three instruments that are on the space craft will help us measure the atmosphere of Mars from the surface, all the way to space. which has really been done before with other missions and that's very cool. All right. Joe, I know that China's mission to Mars has been a bit shrouded in secrecy. Here's what we know that it's name is teen win one which means questions to heaven. But one of the most notable things about it is that it includes an orbiter, a lander Andrew Rover. So a spacecraft that orbits the planet can land on it and move across the surface. Right? Well, it's really it's got three parts. It's all pushed together for the trip there, but then they separate. The orbiter of course stays in orbit and does remote sensing of the planet, and also will serve as a radio relay station for the mission on the surface, and then they'll these two things together, Land Rover, and then the rover will drive down a ramp and explore around the landing site. So it's an interesting mission, and I think it's a little hard to say China is not obviously in the same category as. As NASA terms of look what we did look over here, look do this we you know there there are a little more circumspect about how they do their missions. But the scientists I've talked to say this is a very serious interesting probe and it puts China in a really interesting position because only one country has successfully landed and roved round on Mars. Can you guess which country that is Russia? Now it's a It's the U S. of course, Russia did actually land a probe. It's a question of whether to call it a success or not because it only sends signals back for a few seconds. So technical success, I guess but not a very interesting mission.
Derek Shelton argues in mask, gets 1st win as manager
"Piratesmanager. Derek Shelton was ejected from these teams game against the Cardinals. Shelton then went to the field while putting on his mask. Home plate umpire Jordan Baker put on his mask and the two argued from about four feet away. This is baseball. Now. Pirates with a 31 laid on the cards in
Ghost of Tsushima: Creative Director Interview (with Spoilers)
"Have a very special guests with us this week that we're both very excited to talk with Jason. Connell from sucker punch. Thank you so much for joining US A. Awesome ear. Very happy to have you of course to go super in depth on Kgo Suma, so for those who are watching end jumping in. Be warned there will be some spoiler fil talking here if you haven't played through the game if you haven't. Checked out everything you want to in the game beforehand. Please do that first and then come back. There's a lot to dive into. We're going to be jumping into as much as we can. Of course if you want spoiler free impressions. We did record episode that a little earlier. Even can go check that out, but. There's so much that we can jump into this game I off. Jason I. Just want to say congratulations for recording this on the day. The game is starting to roll out on launch. Worldwide is already available in some territories as where speaking so congratulations to you on the team on that It's very exciting for to finally be out there as a fan of it and I'm sure it must be exciting for the team. Yes, it's a super exciting to have it out. There cited everybody host their photo mode favorites sin. Just enjoy the Games. I feel like an Brian I think this is true for both you and me. We could probably spend the next forty minutes talking exclusively about photo mode. Yeah, no I. Just get into that very quickly. What you've created, my favorite voted in video game history, but also. You might notice you. Create one of the most not-so-subtle advertising tools. That is perfect for this game. Because every time I seen pictures of it I WANNA? Play it again, and I think for a lot of people who were just sort of like on the outside, looking in a video games in general like people who aren't just totally head down on stuff all the time. They're like wait what that's! That's a video game. Where do I play I play it? They're going to get that so Yeah, that's a very very smart. If you guys it's absolutely stunning game. A cool. Photo of his crazy because we were one of the first, you know infamous second son was one of the first. At least I know of modern games that have put like a like a photo mode in in that game. It was just like this cool idea to show off all the cool particles and lighting. That game was a while known for. But it was wasn't crafted as a personality around. It was the cool photo mode, and then over time over the last few years. You have these games that out and Spiderman my favorite of version of this where they like adds the flavor of their game to its photos like tied to the personality of that gain. On, the building tops, doing like little cell fees and Doing it with a phone. That was awesome made it. You need to spiderman so when we were like. Hey, what are we gonNA do for voter mood? To? Whatever the ghost photo mode. One, it's gotta be way better than our first one because. Our, follow up one and two. It's gotta be semantically. You know connected to the game, so we're like. Well motion in Wind I. Haven't we like? Make it less about a static image. You can do that, too, but have be about moving frame that I think is so beautiful about our game kind of spun out from there. I didn't think it was odd that you give the main character, a Selfie, stick and the iphone. His drone that goes along with. Little you know little out of place, but I thought butyl. Oh God you know it's been incredible thing to play around with, and you can do what Brian said. Every time I see more of it. It's one of those things where I've been playing every night. Still in, it's like Oh, no, I need to go jump back in the middle of the day. Because like Oh. That's a great spot I never thought. I could take a photo of I've been a particularly obsessed with going to bamboo strike locations and trying to get all the great photos. I cannot have those spot often. You know like perfectly placed at an edge or something. I sort of wondering. Because obviously this was built more with like the photo mode in mind as you development went on, because it's become so much bigger, what was world creation influenced at all by the photo mode, or were there any aspects of designing this game that were influenced by it because it is more like prevately used feature these days I guess than back when second came out. You know. A little secret you know we. We always knew we'd have a photo modem. We knew that this ambitious version of like I. said a second ago better and more dramatically connected. Owning, really work on it until pretty late, so you know we were so. Dedicated to the stories in crafting the world, so when it came to the beauty of the world. That add add everything that's in the game. I would have to imagine that that had the most iterating over anything, because it's one of the first things you do before you have the whole story articulated and put into the game. Certainly don't have cut scenes. You know it's like you're laying out terrain and at that like how does the island look and then it gets into the direction the feeling Cutting, trees down growing trees, making procedural tools like the world is the by far the most iterative on thing now. There was a point where we're like. This is how we make our game. Look good clearings. Big giant swath of like in forests, you know that you can see for miles. Off using color as like landmarks again, the Golden Forest, or read flower fields, and then, and then a you know, certainly that sort of made its way into some of our features of a photo, but the the world designed stuff. took the lead on on end photo mode. Okay, now that we've created this amazing awesome place. How do we utilize the photo mode in like critical photo that will. Take advantage of how great our team at did at creating a beautiful world. I think one of my favorite things about this game is the sort of balanced that it's constantly striking Between being sort of completely serene, and then the music swells up and swords or out, and they're slashing against each other. How hard was it to sort of get that that tone down because I could see. You know I think in in lesser hands I could be a very kind of dangerous. Push and pull, but I feel like you totally nailed that and I think that that's like some people when they look at an open world game want like nonstop jam-packed activities in in your team made the decision to pull back and let things breath every now and then How did all that come together? Well you know for me. It's the first game that I was certainly a visual director on, and so I I would I you learn something about yourself with everything you create, and for me I personally learned that I don't have a natural tendency to like create incredible. Violence, I just wasn't that was uneven. Favor Games, bloodborne like as absolutely my favorite game. Guide. You're on this show. This is gonNA be worthwhile and. About it anytime. But no, seriously like. That's my favorite game, but. When we were crafting the world would I navigated towards with Joanna. Who's environment our leader? This did this amazing a blog post recently on playstation bar. was the beauty of it was taking taking a moment to breathe in, and then I realized that some of my favorite games that are not. Show the classes certainly embraced the idea of atmosphere in a sense of this and you know I donate Fox's is is resonates. Conversations resonated with him as well so then then the conversation shifted into. Okay well. We definitely have it. We have a summer game. So you know without saying anything else as you say Amer game, you know you're going to be hitting things with a four-foot razor blade so. You know violence is GonNa come so we certainly work on that stuff. allied and we wanted to be great and gritty, and the you know like you really WanNa feel like you have contact when you have contact but the other stuff doesn't come as natural, and you have to actually work on that stuff to balance it out, you really do, and so that means like the idea is about creating Haiku, which was actually named idea You know really. Or believe it was taking a moment to. Allow the beauty to take hold, and not what I think is cool about the ICU that I hope people enjoy about it is is that they're not tied till like progression like you're not. You're not like intrinsically forced to go, do it? You know there's a sense of you have to have the wonder and curiosity desire to do it. It's not like game telling you go do this to reach next level certainly, a lot of that is tied to corporation auto out to have to consider that, but it is. It is a work philosophy to try to get that balance of that contrast It takes years to get right for sure. I really enjoyed the Haiku sections actually He was like you said. It's sort of provided like this. This relaxing breeder and I did like the you were able to select different things who essentially collate them into one kind of fresh Haiku each time. Yeah I I mean I did every single side quests in every single objective in this game, but I I really enjoyed those wow awesome. The accuser, some of my favorite ones to the cinematography. You know it was at the moment to like. You know certainly we call them breathing. Moments definitely say that studio, but it was kind of a moment. Regis Art Geek out a little bit like the people who do the cameras. Mottaki, they can place it in to get the right motion and you know, and then the writers have an opportunity to like. Give you give you a couple of cool options. Just the beauty kinda comes through which is which in the end has been a very positive thing for the experience. Yeah, the balance that Brian was. Speaking to how you were sort of describing how that all came together? I could imagine. It's a very fine line between making sure it's peaceful and calm in certain areas, but. It's still engaging for the player because you could always run the risk of it. Being something that the player doesn't want to engage with, but as Brian. Saying like finding those high coups feels like this wonderful moment of solace after I have assassinated an entire Cam Mongols. And need to reflect on Jin's life, but also just the world I, it's this really great balanced that a I think as Brian was sort of saying you always get in games, but it feels so refreshing to hear. And it's a huge part of our philosophy. How we treat. Treat the game. Whether it's a Haiku great example, he could probably keep talking about, but you know the music style music how the music comes on not having things like combat while you're doing, shrine climbs or anywhere near them so that we can let those be their own experience, and so are these, are we? Everything wanted these features that are not mainline missions. Our conversation is like about how much combat how much non-combat and what is the purpose and what are the? What's the feeling for its existence like what what is the emotional goal for for these features and these are conversations? We have a lot and sometimes triple times over we try. We don't like it. We try something else. Well and for me, what's really interesting is sort of the place that all of these features and the things you go on, have sort of in the context of sucker punches past work, because it is I've been such a huge fan of both cooper franchise and infamous. Stir a year and. You know you get increasingly larger, but often more urban. City expenses that you're exploring a lot. In both of those franchises to certain extent here you're out in the wild. There are of course settlements and encampments and things like that, but there is a there's a lot of stretches where it can just be the world around you that you're exploring and I was sort of wondering on a world design level. How do you? How do you balance? Making all of these locations unique to explore as well and interesting. Even though you know a lot of can just be more, the environment's like what are the challenges that come with that? Yeah, so one of our. Our Contractors Jeff He. He talks a lot about content density, and what is the correct density and I really am really thankful that he brought that conversation up to light so much because It's such a you know Thinking about if you're currently doing something, you're going across the world and run into something. How much further would you have to ride your horse before you might find the next thing, or can you see the next thing from where you currently are? How how dense is it and I really enjoyed that conversation? Because it let us think about what's the right philosophy for for our game and it it certainly it allows us to you know if we want to in one place, you just completed something, and you should be able to generally speaking, look around and find one more thing on horizon or see the shrine trying on top of the mountain. It influence our world design alive, because when we first had the game built for the I you know I'd say maybe two years. It was a lot of forest. It was a ton of trees and it was cool, but you always were felt like you were in this like. Tunnel beautiful, but really deforestation. which does a couple things one is? It is very cool, but. It makes it really hard to know where you are without a compass or many map. Something telling you kind of giving you that extra information that your brain is just really needing. So what we did is we started opening up fields and I definitely some shadow, the classes photos out and was like fields as as reference vm. Because it just feels so epic when you're going through field, but but you know the criticism it could be that it's boring or something like that, and and really have to embrace a philosophy that it won't be boring because there's beautiful music. There's five things now that you can see what you want to do next because you're in a field, there's more clearings and it created a Great beauty in the game, but also more opportunity to engage with that density and I I. Really I think that that was one of the conversations that was ongoing throughout the project, but we landed in a really. I think unique spot for. When when when you? When your team was the helping this game, you obviously weren't anticipating a significant portion of the world's population to be stuck indoors for months on end, but At one I mean there were obviously there. Are you know a lot of sort of like entertainment? Things that have come out during quarantined. That didn't really. Fair as well due to their. SORT, of like the way they were delivered or their subject material something that, but this is a game that I really more than ever appreciated as a guy who's in a two bedroom apartment really appreciated huge open fields and. Mountains in like sprawling rivers and seas and stuff like that but I think one of my favorite things about the big open fields is that there's always something? Or there is like a lone tree. And you're just sort of naturally drawn towards it, and I found that like that sort of like beautiful use of negative space to be like so powerful. In terms of like never felt to me like there's nothing ahead of you. This is boring. It always felt to me like this. Is this is this is like a sort of triumphant use of minimalism and and charging towards something. To reveal that there's like one loan item in the distance was so much more engaging tomato like at a mini map that had a hundred time trials, but Hamas other stuff like I. Found Myself uncovering the dog on the entire map which. I was I was like basically riding around in spirals like in that movie alto like I was trying to. Five is in half the time I was on foot to. It was really wonderful game to explore so I. WanNa ask you about that the. The the sort of the way exploration on unfolds in this game is something I. Really Really Love and I think a lot of open world games are going to take note of following the wind and talking to people and following Fox's two locations rather than just you know overtly stating the player. This is where you're GonNa go, or you go to. The map in this big thing opens up. All that come together. What was the push and pull on that to sort of find the right way to keep players in the no, but without making like overwhelming them with information. Yeah I'll talk about kind of our studio kind of struggles, but I also kind of throw in my own, maybe personal philosophy, too. So I. I judge Games my favorite game, especially them really harshly by. How does it feel if you're? You're actually not doing anything on the sticks. I would if you're just sitting there. Just sitting in the world, you're standing in the world. You're on your horse in the world like is there. Is there a what's the feeling and some of my favorite games by just sitting there? There's like things that go through your mind. Like why do we? What are you anticipating? That are stuck on the story or like. Where's that next objective like you're just what's going through your mind? because. That's when you're not doing anything. That's what you're thinking of next like. You're just taking in the beauty looking around our game I hope that translates into that sense of exploration and sense of curiosity like if you do stop for a second yearly, you're not already on kind of a train of thought it is more. One of curiosity is one of like. Hey, what? What do I want to do next? Oh, there's something over there. There's something of their. Oh, I wonder band before, so they're having gone to could check it out and I. think that the more information you were to have on your screen compasses many maps. It kinda answers those questions before you even have time to ask the question. It's just like the dots right there. Let's go do the DOT. It doesn't matter what the DOT is. It's just there's thing let's go do it, and so that that to me is is a really important part of what I think. The Games, Tries to do in the world, and and certainly we did not have the wind when we started on this project at all. In fact, what the wind was which is has got this cool story I'll say quick is. on the first direction slides on the you know we did. A presentation is like one of the first presentation out the way look and feel and everything moves was was one of them like a wind. We're going to double triple quadruple down on win, and you know there's a lot of attack that has to go into that. He got Capes moving I gala hair moving. You gotta get trees and Bushes, and especially for procedurally generated now artistically procedurally generated world. That's really tough. Two years later. Something like that. That became true and you've standing I'm standing in this world and we had other elements we were helped. Augmenting are kind of navigation and get around the world and I'm just like holy crap. The wind is amazing. It actually works at that time. It always like went from East West or West. East or something I can't remember always just directional and it's just. It's really good. And then we started having conversations like how going to get more stuff off the screen to stay in the is like beautiful world more and more because it's just. It's really stunning even years ago. And a one point I had this idea like. The Wind. It sounds kind of crazy and Adrian is like our longtime worked on has been sucker punch. Long Time. They tried a little quick prototype with me. We had like fifteen people play at were removed all the you I just to hey. Can you just just try to follow it and just and it sounds crazy, but follow in if you can get to that hot spring or that on. And it worked like the first prototype fourteen out of the fifteen people were able to easily get there so cool. Yeah and I. I was like Oh. Yeah, we have to do this. Question. Like. This is something that is going to be unique to the game and then an analyzing. Say on them about the wind because I can do it all day, but is it had like the matic ties to the island in historical kind of. Poetic, Tian's to you know. The Mongols came in as typhoon sweeps them all out to see and. You know we name the sword the sky storm after that you know him being a storm, a metaphorical storm on the island for for the island, rooting for the island, and then it was like about nature, and then the animals came along, and I, you know it just felt like a bunch of like one of these critical pieces you don't know exists, and then you find it, and you're like that fifth straight there and does and then nearly. Oh, I, think we have a good. I can see the puzzle now so. Cool, it was cool journey. Having having that comes away. It all it feels so true to the world that the team has created in those moments. Because you know, I'm I'm a completion is player like if you give me a list of a thousand things to go collect if you give me, you know like an infamous. Charge to go collect I. Collect all of them, but there's something that I think does speak so much to this world and end you wanting to be invested in that. It is really by pulling everything. Out of the screen that you're looking at and just letting you look at the world you get more familiar with it, and you start to learn more about Oh. Yeah, I've taken that pass before. That leads to that pillar of honor or there's that cemetery over there as you start to. Trek across the land. It really gets you invest in the world in a way that I think just having a list or a neon sign to tell you where to go would. Deliver it in the same way. Yeah, that's great. That's so. That's the goal so I'm glad you had that experience. And I it's one of those things you know that the open world I think speaks so well to what the team really accomplish with this game, but one of the things I was curious about wasn't and I know. We talked about this a little bit, but released, but since we can. Talk to the island as whole, but what was the? I? Guess the poll the. The back and forth poll of wanting to make sure you stay true to the spirit of this real world location, and honor the history and the people that are but also create a world that at the end of the day would be fun to run around or write a horse around in as a game. Yeah and it's a great topic, and it's kind of been the the struggle for and I would say struggle in a creative sense. It's the creative. From from from once, we actually knew we were making Susha and we started doing all this research, and and you learn so much about the island. Like the fact that at that time it was likely to be like ninety five percent covered in dense forest. Which again I told you we tried. We tried very dense forest in. It's just hard to ride a fun horse through tree. Trees it's. Pretty tough. Also, it's incredibly hilly. We went there just like it's just hill after hill after mountain after Mount After Mountain, also challenging to create a interesting layouts in combat spaces in so. So, we worked with our team in Japan. We're like hey, this is how we were planning on You know being inspired by the shape of the islands. It looks very similar to the actual shape, but here's some kind of Ford as we'd like to take or game reasons you know, make the game more fun to to roam around. The landscapes in have layouts that have. Have Cool puzzle climbing challenges, or what have you were interesting missions, and and they were totally for it you know. And they gave us feedback of maybe when we went too far and then they also they know is in a fun way. They gave us feedback of win. Hey, you could go further with us, and so that was. It was a lot of ultimately. We're super inspired by history, and what happened and then the general beauty of greater. The greater nature of Japan as a whole, it's definitely hugely inspiring to us but we also make in a game and a PR and original story and a lot of things that. Have to Challenge it, but work in tandem with it, so it's it's definitely been a challenge I'm in a good way and we learn so much. And I will say the last thing I'll say on that. Is that within Joyon on the environment? Our team myself in the constitution. We talk a lot about like realism. And You know like A. Maybe painted realism, or maybe, how can we do it like a slightly stylized version of that? And and and you know this is not even if you've ever been to Seattle only did infamous. It wasn't really a stone by stone. Kind of recreation. Roads aren't lined up exactly. It's sort of like if you blur your eyes, you're like Oh. Yeah, that's definitely definitely Seattle like it rains. A lot of people drink coffee. PUNK ROCK and grunge music. It's You know the things that are there the spacing? Like the things you would expect, but it's not the like. Let's put a magnifying glass over, and let's get it like perfectly accurate and we take that same philosophy here. We want to feel like that. This is plausibly. Dass what it could feel like. That's what if we could do smell through it. That would we would try to. Feeling into music, we're going for a as a is a is a main heart. Smell will actually be unlocked on the playstation six. Thirty I. Have Rumor, we have an today since three. Hey listeners. We know you love gaming and have excellent taste, so we want to tell you about the official. The last of podcast in the show writer podcasters stand up comedian and huge fan of the. Host Christian Spicer we'll revisit the first game and talk with the people who created that critically acclaimed work hit. Also give you what you've all been waiting for. A behind the scenes look into the last of US part to Christian wanted to crawl into the minds of these visionaries and talents who created this highly anticipated game the podcast. We'll recap the news story. Story and episodes five through eight while also diving deep into the making of the game in the first episode. Christian will talking with Troy Baker and Ashley Johnson also known as Joel and Ellie may land combat designer, Anthony Newman, and the writer and creative director of the last of US Neil Druckman. The whole series is crammed with conversations with developers invoice actors. The official, the last of podcast episode one arrived on June ninth, and they'll be releasing new episodes of this limited series every Tuesday for the following eight weeks available now on Itunes spotify, and all your favorite audio sources, stream, or download the official, the last of his podcast from June ninth. The the combat in this game is awesome, and that's coming from somebody who to be completely transparent. Wasn't crazy about it. At first 'cause my immediate reaction was. There's no lock on. Think what do you mean? There's no lock on like you can't. You can't have a certified again without lock on and as as I grew to. Appreciate. The sort of dynamic happenstance of a dashing between those four stances and. Fighting different types of enemies. In synchronicity while switching and switching back and forth using my sub moves and everything I was like. This is one of my favorite combat systems interview ever But what what? How did how did that decision? Come to not have have lock on? was that was at a debate internally in the studio? Because that's to me, that's one of those things that people just expect from a video game and I found myself not even thinking about it after a few hours in. I. It's definitely debate right like it's A. It was heavily debated and talked about how you know. From all corners of the CEO there was not some like. I mean because it's a it's a standard. There is a standard anytime. You go against the standard. You need to prove it out and. I'm glad we tried something different than you know. As person bloodborne like my favorite game, I like games that allow you to really kind of hone in and focus, and and control that since a control comes, comes with locking, but and you know, and certainly as a samurais sense of control is a huge fantasy so Yeah, man. We talked about it a ton Maybe when it comes to combat, I would say it's in the top three conversations that we had over the entire course of the project while. But I have to give massive. Shout out to you know. One of the studio heads. You know I've found Sucker Punch Christopher. Men he's he's behind the core design, a lot of the combat and he he works out of the code for it, and there's another Guy Ted. Who is awesome designer? And he liked those two brains man. They worked together, and they figured out a way to create something that is first of all feels like you're hitting the person when you do hit them like it's a tandem as animation, so it's not like a hit box based. It's like these. This animation links up to this one. Is I very newbie? Animation Brain. And it's not just like the slash through thing right, and so they feel like you're hitting the person it feels. A goal is a gritty feeling, but it's also incredibly fast paced at times. You know as you get like five or six people around you you can be, you could be like. Changes. In planning, and when you're going to do the smoke bomb, go around the building and do another. Jump down from the top, you know. It's just like a it. Almost like a the style of it is is better with how the walk on. That's kind of the thing that we found over time especially when she became pro at it. And locking on actually with slow down, maybe in some ways and a sense of control will be got out of it instead was things like standoffs in duels, obviously assassinating somebody having that jump on, somebody gives you that, too, but we decided to really push that those moments or mythic abilities I think are. Usually will help take out people pretty quickly. The mythic abilities are interesting because I I think i. I I'm really glad that this game never really went like supernatural despite having the Word Ghost, in the title. There's. There's other there's an alternate version of this game. Were you guys just want preserved and people are summoning dragons and stuff like that. I appreciate that a lot of the crazy stuff that you got away with felt grounded even like the fire sort is ridiculous, but there's like. Oh there's there's sort of like a scientific explanation. Yeah. And then when you start doing some really intense stuff that feels deliberately over the top like dude, get terrified and they starts crawling away like. Is Watching people just straight up running around. Disappear and stuff like that. It's crazy like this is a i. mean even when we pitches his game. This was another heavily debated. Topic is going to be fantasy based or not, and obviously nate and I felt really strongly as well as many other people that we should not make it fantasy base in like high fantasy base because. It really those first of all there's. Several of those games out there already, and they do a wonderful job and I love neo I love sector, Oh, these games are awesome and they lean on that a little bit more as their unique. You know and so. Good. It's smart of us not to do that, but the reason why we didn't do the reason we did was because we were definitely were focusing a little bit more on the Human Story certainly one of the world to feel plausibly real. And you know if you like, I'll take the example. You just threw out there like having people fall in there, but get scared. Scoot away, man if you could just like, pull out a fucking dragon every five minutes. Scares them like I feel like a real challenge to overcome like and so you have to be constrained. So that when we do pull out something that's really incredible or scary or something like that that it actually has wait to it, you know and. I one of the things I do love about our game in might be some of my favorite content, actually mythic missions because. They. A build up the idea that people were legends like they talk about people in their connection to the island. The lightning one is a great example where you know, they burn the black sand, the sands black, which always like wire, the sands black back answer black, and it just bill out as they build up this legend of people that may have come before you, which is Kinda cool because? because. You're kind of building your own legend. To maybe one day, people talk about mythic stories of the ghost You know that humans can do maybe slightly crazy incredible in your living, example of that and people tell tall tales. I think that's cool. I love win. Jin would go around to the stories and people would be like. There's ghosts in the woods and he's like. No, there's not. Watching watching the people run away after a battle, though my favorite things in the game because it's it teeters on like on on like. Comedy, you would find in like vintage Kung Fu movies where somebody would come and kick. A bunch of Bass and one guy would be like away. Runaway ended every single time was I would let him run like maybe like hundreds of feet pull out my arrow. Cruel Man I know you you put it there. You know you gotta sit there, don't. If you give Brian the high ground. He will let them run as far as he wants to. I what I do love going back to the mythic tells them. You know maybe people one day telling the story of the Ghost I. I'm always sort of a sucker for. Stories that are about storytelling to a certain extent, because I do think you get so much of the human nature that we all deal with on a day to day basis of why we tell stories and everything and I I love that that permeates so much of this game, and not just in the quest, but on the on the ques- structure as a whole in this game I think is really unique, but it works really well. Because as Brian was saying earlier, you can go to a house in. Someone's saying Oh. There are nearby. Please help me or someone one of my favorite stories early on one of the side missions I found was. A woman send you to get food from the bandit that stole it from her. And then you bring the food back and she's like. Oh, thanks! I finally have food down. You're like. Wait a second. That wasn't yours to begin with. I just killed all those guys because you can't, there's. There's this. Stark sadness to a lot of the stories that I think really works in this game and I was just curious on like a total storytelling. Horrible 'cause there are moments of levity. You know like everything with Kennedy I think is so great, but how do you you know balance? I think this is a land and a group of people who are under siege. They're under attack by the suppressive force. At the same time. They are living their lives. There's this humanity going on the island. Hugs, what are some of the struggles that come up and try to tell those stories? Yeah, well first of all. When you started telling me, which story were, I was like racking my brain like which? It was so many. I I know it's crazy and I'm gonNA. Play through a bunch probably that I've played through in a long time, I play retail, but. You know It's balanced because you don't want it to be this like we did not want our game to be this like heavy thing that was constantly hitting you over the head with a that was just not what we wanted for this particular game. Think anybody really goes from bad particularly. I think they're always in goal, but but in it's hard, though because invasion and you wanna see desperation, and you WanNa see like these people have struggles. And frankly you know we want to. You know it's not always like dude. Go kill things, and so you WanNa hear you know people having. Their kids, or this or that like our parents like I. Don't know you just want to hear something that sounds like these people are struggling a little bit. But you know the when it comes to the writing and those stories, most of the stories do most of them do exist to try and reflect at the world has been in invaded, invaded place and. For people that are like these allies, and you engage with those those will get a little bit more in depth than traveling of their story, and for these little small one off encounters. Just say look even even the hasn't class is affected greatly by this and hopefully feel a sense of remorse for them or sadness for them, maybe a sense of duty that why you're doing this stuff, but as for the tone of it. I genuinely like a somber tone in general, I think Sambre is is not dark. Sombre is not grotesque. Sambas is just like a like A. Light sadness to things and I felt like that light sadness in a world that is so incredibly. Beautiful is kind of a nice. Balance and I think we look at it now that way and to some extent. That's a really good way putting now that now that you say that. It makes perfect sense because. You have all these incredible like you know. There's Fox's in this you know. Like. Rainstorms the beautiful trees and yellow leaves, but then you go, do these side quests on. You're like Oh. Wow, that was. Your family died and you can save them and you're like damn. That hit me hard that one. Particularly, there was one side quest for like now I know, too. Hard that one's talents so hard and You know there that one people on on the team who? Created that one, and then like you know as we get through the Polish face like Alan, somebody went through and added a bunch of extra work to that one for animation, and like kneeling down, and you know I you know in from liking that mission to really like connecting with more, and this is a small thing right like this is not a. Two hour long you know big big mission. It's very straightforward and simple cement to just reflects the tone of the world, a little bit and Alan Dow was one of the ones that, even though it's a small moment in your entire through I think improved a lot of the last course of the project I'm glad it exists. That's awesome. Yeah, I I, don't even know if I necessarily have a question about it, but I'm just curious to hear more about the the construction of the the site quests when it comes to the side tails when it comes to those the supporting cast that you get because I do I do think one of my favorite things. Throughout sucker punches, history has been that there is of course he usually a pretty great main character, but also this really great supporting cast as well, and you know going back to sign infamous now with ghost. I loved finding out more about Yuna and lady Moscow and just everyone at the pace that you want to in the world. And that balance I guess my question is because I. do think that's some of my favorite story. Telling him the Games in the game comes from those lines. How do you balance having this stuff? Be Optional I guess if you if a player just wants to go through the main story, but also encouraged people to want to keep going back and revisit these stories in these characters. Yeah Yeah! It's a question you know we From I is long as I can remember. I think I, think earliest pitches of the game we talked about. How we really wanted to create sort of this. Anthology of short stories. know these little little side branches off the main trunk. You know that you could. You'RE GONNA. You'RE GONNA get invited to them on the main truck main story. You'RE GONNA. Get invited them and maybe even once or twice in an engaged with them, but it's up to you hopefully, engaging enough for that story relates to you. It's up to you to kind of go. Finish out the rest of that branch, and we do a lot of stuff like we try to reward you for doing these things but I find that those things are They're good and I'm super glad. Glad reward you in different ways for playing these, but I find that the beauty of those those allies missions. If you will Masako. Norio characters is that they're just they're. They're far more developed in terms of like there are like what they need out of the world in their stories are interesting, and and they all have a different perspective on you and life, and you know in an what I what I think is kind of cool about creating a world like this is that you have to be okay with having content that exists. You're not forced to play. And you have to embrace that you have to because that. That is what makes it joyful when you go on your own ambition to go through it. It's not that you were told to go. Do it was in the Golden Path? And there were versions of the game earlier that a lot of these characters stories were more interconnected to Go Path. Through play, testing and feedback in her own kind of iteration process. We ended up where they are. Which I think is the right spot. which is you introduce them and then? Over your curiosity, we can push them push. You can go enjoy them your own Yossi, and there. Some of them are five or six missions long. And I think that's the right model, but it takes some iteration to get to that that that's spot for us. Even having late in the game the I think it's two missions for Eureka that pop up after you've revisited home. Just was such a such a Gut Punch. In the midst of as Jin, story is starting to come, full circle meant to have this exploration both more into him, but also into her life It's it was like as you were saying I, it felt so much more rewarding because I, saw it out that story within the. Yeah I think that that's A. It's not an easy philosophy to hold you now. as a director or as a contributor designer artist, because it means that somebody is going to get a bunch of people, not GonNa, play your mission bench people are not going to see your artwork, and and it's really hard to like talk about that because I want everyone to who worked on this game at Sakkara Punch to just like the super proud of it and love every moment that they cred tributed, too, but that's one where it's like. Yeah, but your thing is optional, and I can really bad, but it. In these cases it is for the for a greater feeling that. The people that will engage with it will probably tear out will probably love or be maybe even their favor mission of the game, even not the golden path I gave might be their favorite moment in the game nest. Because you, you let them engage it at their own will in. That's A. that's a hard philosophy to to. kind of stomach, but I think it's I. think it's a really healthy one for the type of game that ghost is. It absolutely plays into who I I think. My favorite thing about the game. Is that Me In the act of playing the game, so has to the game halfway in a presents all of these options, but I have to go exploring too, and I feel encouraged and want to explore and of my favorite times playing have just been putting a dot on the map letting the wind guy. A thousand kilometers, and if I if something stops me, stop if it doesn't I just keep going until something else. Interest me awesome. It's a calming experience which I don't often say I think about games at the moment. That's exactly how I played, too I would just put a marker somewhere completely random very far from me and just go there and see what I ran into along the what along the way with stories popped up which new characters I would meet, that would show me points of interest and stuff like that. and I think that that loop was really smart in terms of having sort of random gangs of bad guys. Patrolling the land and you'd run into them, and they'd have somebody kidnapped, and you'd rescue that person and that person would tell you another place to go. It felt like you're constantly pulling on these little threads. and I loved that so much was did that did that all take awhile to come together? Like outside of the wind is sort of the way the. The optional stuff and the sort of like randomize character you know excursions and stuff all interconnect. How how was it bringing all that stuff together to create the flow that you guys ended up with? The I I you both sound like you've played it exactly the way that I would recommend somebody to play, which is like hey, you know every now and then just throw down and go that direction and see what you find, and and if you don't find some great than go to your Golden, Pastora that's awesome, but try it, and because it's. In this is true for even when we're doing play testing that we did find that that was some of the ways that people would enjoy the game the most which is awesome. will you're talking about that? Like the ecosystem imbalance of people who tell you where stuff is in? How many patrols are there that stuff I'll tell you? We tweak that probably. Maybe until weeks before gold I think. Exactly the number on no top ahead, but is very late. We tweak those numbers because. because the sense of owning the curiosity, and like not having everything told you. was so important to the global feeling of enjoying just like exploring throughout the world, and as soon as you're told, were too much. Stuff is or too many things around your map. It becomes a different problem like you're kind of you either you either go into. Let's just go through the checklist which. Is Fine I think if you found them on your own but can be exhausting for some people because they're like Oh God. There's a ton of stuff to do, or it's kind of a turn off because you already know what it is, and you don't think of anything else over there, but they're actually might be if you if you actually went look, so we actually ramped down the people that the amount of people that would tell you where things were quite a bit. It used to be far more. part of the emergent processes I've almost everybody who talked to tell you. Something is, and it would put a thing on your map and We found that to be Super Smart System, and I'm so glad that we have it, but we put it in a very specific way in a very specific amount of things on the map total. Total that it would ever tell you about so that you still had your cool moment of like i. don't see anything over here on this. I'm going to head that way and finds things along the way now balance. It's really it's really tricky. Because again it goes up to that thing. I was talking about early. Enough loss of being okay with things being skipped and. That if you don't want to be so much that you don't have any information, that would be bad too right so it it is takes time to to work out, but the team did that. No, no a healthy fund way but I think even when you like clear. Mongol, Camp and Clears up a little bit. You still get a question mark. It's not even like yours, a hotel or something like that. And it's sort of it to me. It fell It felt like A. SORT, of natural to the universe that you guys were setting your game in this is this is like a long time ago. There is those no yelp. There's no google. So it seemed natural that you'd find a random person on the street and be like Oh. Thank you so much. There's this awesome restaurants. You should go check it out. Right I really doug. That I played a ton of the game in Kerr. Asala Mode Oh cool and that was. It was really it was really difficult for me. 'cause you made such beautiful game central? And I think it's I think it's. Beautiful in a different way in Curacao mode. But there was just something so special about about like heading into conflict or a story be or coming into a new environment. or it's all black and white, and there's that film green crackling, and a I read that you guys even did some stuff with the music to make it feel almost like it was coming through old speakers or something like that. Yeah, how how how how did how did you develop that? I I know. That's like obviously. It's something that you're studios. Really proud of especially since you've got endorsement from the family. It was a that was A. That was a I. I probably will put that in my top list of my entire career as like being apart process because. I mean it's just. It's just why just kind of a wild thing that you don't go into making video games because you expect to go through that process one day, yeah. which is probably why it's cool is that it's different. You know, but. The. We knew that we WANNA. Do Black and white mode I mean I think i. I don't remember when we first talked about it, but it was definitely really early Redo black and white vote, but again it got kind of pushed towards the end of the project, and then once things started to. You know you can sit in the world and you could be like. Oh, my goddess stunning! It's really a beautiful I feel I. Do feel like I'm. There's moments of this I feel like movie. It's coming. It's coming together. And, then we're like okay well. We definitely have that mode. Let's are planning for it. And an I got version of it in that was a very early version of it with a sliding team and Like what do we call this thing? and You Owe Samurai cinema or classic. Why can Wyatt our traditional La just things? You know cool cool names. And member WHO's I may was Brian Studio head. I don't remember somebody was like. When we see if we can call it, Chris Allen Mode. And I thought that was brilliant and I was like. Yes, can we? What was that process so I reached out to. One of the people that I think he deserves a special shout at his name as a relay Katami. He's on our Japanese producer. He's a helped us since the very almost since the very beginning, and he helps coordinate all of our feedback through Japan, and said Hey, you hey, who's now a dear friend of mine. I was like. Is this possible. Could you look this up? And he and the Japanese team reached out to their to their state across our state and worked out You know. They wanted to see video so I. Put together a video, and then I redid it like three times because enough. People on time video, but I was like Austin. Even Brian Our leauge rendering Guy Jasmine. He was not good. No. Though I kinda Redid it a couple of times and then eventually Is this. Is it I? I looked at so many movies measured the black and white. You know in our game. You know as you both played it. Daytime Times. There's indoor's whether there's rain. There's fog and so like you have to look at movies that have all of these things you can't just be like. Here's a movie. Here's a sample. It's the black. Man Like you gotTa. Look at all these because they exist in our game and it's a filter that'd be going over all of these and so I finally got to the point where I was, I had good black levels. White levels has cool noise. We sent them a video and and It took a little bit of time back and forth, but eventually we're like asses cooling reach an agreement. They were cool with it so. Yeah it was a it was a coup processing showed up. Is Mode teams all shit? It's called. Is it was pretty cool goal process. It has a dream come true. It's so awesome on a historical level. Because obviously you're seeing the game through its you know from the reveal trailer to now there's clearly a love and Joe Majd to the cinema and the storytelling that come in the John Mara, before it, and so to have that encapsulated as a mood that you can jump into starting to such a great I. Think like touchtone full circle thing as a fan of genres well. Also I mean the. The audio! From from like A. A gigantic Blue Tang Fan. It's it sounded like like RISI's sampling. VHS, tapes of sword slashes, and like there were moments. Paint that game and I was like I expect like method man rapid right now because. If anyone was intended, but that sort of got me on a very very like neural level I was like Oh my God like this is. This is quietly the best. Wu Tang game ever made since. The fighting gave. The quote somewhere I feel. That's. But. Our audio director Brad he that's all him he was like. I have an idea that guy's a wizard, so that usually meant something cool and he. It was like we have this special thing that we developed internally at Sony that replicates old processes from like you know fifty sixty s something like that radios and TV's and and And and he he kind of took that filtered it and figured out the right 'cause he was like. If you do too much over, you know, we wanted people to play lengthy amount of times and if they wanted to the Chrysanthemum. View too much, and it becomes incredibly fatiguing. Like, not watching move hours possibly thirty hours. You know so. You got a nice balance between that and something that you can you know Listen to over and over again? I- legitimated Curacao Mode for Poly Twenty five thirty hours and I think that I like maybe fifty sixty into the game. So how yeah! That's incredible. Yeah, along along with that and to me. It was surreal to play an open world game almost entirely in black and white. That was just I've never done anything like that before and. It was such a cool. It was such a cool experience. One of the challenges with eggs I would add is like since it's black and white. There's there's missions that use color as guiding, and so there are. There are a few missions of. It really struggles with, but for the most part we redesigned icons on the map so that it would work with answer, so you're not just looking at two icons ones. This color ones that color and we just changed the icon Lopate, but but yeah it, it's it's generally speaking. You can play through most of the game with it, which is just crazy. Yeah I think there was one mission where they're like find. The purple flowers was like Oh! I was to right back on, so that was good. Leads to so many great visual moments, and as you were saying I know we're running short on time I. don't want believe the too much, but I, genuinely really loved, and as pointing to earlier the the soundtrack and the way both game uses it. It comes in from quiet to loud, but also how the score changes both from the combat setting to the open world setting you know. Moments I would say not settings, but. That Jackson position as well as even on the side, the remixes that were coming out sort of in the lead up to the Games launch. There's so much great musicality and artistry. Bear that I think really. Elevate, so much of what's going on there on visual rebel to a works so well in tandem. You know there is no single discipline that contributes more to the game. The music like a known this case we have to composers, a team of people that obviously help implemented like their artistry is like. White just level things up so much like a scene without music in a scene with music. There's a world of difference in generally speaking I know it's not one contributor. There's quite a few people that make it happen. Processing and implementation, but it's insane. What music can do in for this game? It's it's. It's one of the best parts of the Game I. Think is the the the artistry behind the music in the soulful fullness in is is really I listened to it a lot. I love and then we tokens the glitch mob. Which is just? RIDICULOUSLY COOL! Yeah, it's an awesome combination i. do think as you were saying. It elevates so many great moments, but really. A drills home like the emotional undercurrent of everything that's going on in the game. Unfortunately. We're pretty much out of time. I think Brandon I could keep talking there so much. We love and really enjoyed about the experience and are continuing to enjoy. Time in this world, so Jason Thank you so much for taking time. We really appreciate it. SUPERFUND and thank thank you to your studio for. bookending this entire console generation with my favorite games. I I don't know if that was ever the plan, but the way that
Everything is an opportunity, to make a keychain.
"Delivery of you, said sixty sheets of plywood that you don't need. Is that what she said? I got. We ordered About five thousand dollars with cloud in all different thicknesses, because those those bullet trailers that I made a few months or I guess about a month ago, each one of them privately. Fifteen sheets of plywood. And various wait wait. Each one takes fifteen sheets. A would yeah. It's. About twelve or fifteen I forget the exact number. Have it all written down, but? In various various amounts of this tons of wood leftover, but from looking at like broad pieces. Fit Course. The trailers are over four feet in every direction, so that means I have to use like a full peace. To, get like. A four by five foot piece. Then I got a scam it in with another, so it's. It's a complicated mass which have sorted out. And I had. Had it scheduled to make eight more. And so we got delivers just got. I got fenders from trailer company. They just came yesterday. That's probably five hundred dollars trail offenders. And then I got the call. It says the job is on hold. And so. I got I got sheets of Walnut plywood sheets of. Of Oakland I would regular but so now I gotta figure out like I'm thinking I'm just GonNa make ten thousand keychains. would. Everything on my website I was just GonNa be ten thousand different types of keychains. No, the job has been put on hold. It's not completely over in the and then my my client said I don't work directly for bullet I work. People are always curious and I guess I can play the separate. Now I worked for great crew guys. And if I even want to go back further, and we're just starting to show I. Talk about this later, but everybody wants to know how I got in touch with bullet. How did I get a bullet as a client and it's really interesting I. always tell everybody when I give them advice. Just go forward and just don't over. Think anything you never know where the next clients gonNA come from I. Got I got my hammered TV show because my good friend Ramey cut the hair of an executive that was getting married because she was a stylist, she was working on one of the executives. Wedding party. She was a stylist and she's like Oh you work at HDTV. My friend Jimmy just had a TV show on fx networks. Oh really. Oh, yeah, he makes videos having sunny something and that's how I got hammered so the point and make it as as you never know where it's GonNa. Come from. I was working at make magazine. Everybody knows that for many many years made over hundred videos of make magazine. In the guys on the bullet team that hire me all the time will looking for somebody to make things on stage and they just google make. Make magazine was the top hit wrote to make magazine Editors Hey. Do you know anybody could make something in front of a live audience disavow? I think Jimmy can do that, so they sent the link to me. This is twenty thirteen, so they sent a link to me and a couple of other people in ended up. Working with those guys at that event and ever since, and that's how I got bullet Bourbon through magazine, which is so weird I. think roses like. Anyway, so the team they're the proof media, and they are a subcontractor that does events. And they host events and they they basic they by producers team of producers, but mostly for live events in store. Displays so when they're going to a program of these trailers. These guys figure out all the logistics and they hire them to do that. They've worked for a couple of different companies. Outside of liquor business at done some other stuff for them that but. They handled Dickel George Dickel Whiskey, which is what I was working on initially and then over the bullet Bourbon. That's just another part of their client lineup and. We worked on a couple of things. Tanqueray worked on a Crown Royal. And Anyway. The head honchos the upper management, said they WANNA put the trailer program on hold for a minute because they want to figure out some legalities different markets, and so it may kick back up on being optimistic, and so they might guys in between, and they said the we'll just take a week and figure this out. If, not you know. Let's say it doesn't happen. Just put you five thousand dollars worth of plywood. Eight cents a trailer fenders
PRO TALK with Rob Delaney
"What about your, own house. Can you tell me a little bit about it? And do you have any lingering building science problems you're either you know ignoring or happily ignoring. The Cave of ideas. I built my house when I was twenty five. On my own business for few years at this point, and just you still live in it. Oh absolutely yeah, so my wife and I had bought twenty five acres angrier, still dating. We've been together. Seventeen. And you know there's always. What had happened was Yom Irish, so I got in a fight with our landlord on a Thursday night, and I was digging footings for New House on Friday morning. Not GonNa stay there anymore. We decided that we would just build up. A Small House on property on Shop Foundation, so I build a thirty by thirty four. The original tiny house. And then somewhere else on the property at Sunday we build our dream house and you know. Turn this into a shop. which is you know I was going to have a heated shot foundation? You mean a slab on grade or a? It's got four foot walls under a, but it is, it's it's a slab inside a four foot walls so i. mean it's it's. It's not. It's above or below frost line, but it's you know I. I didn't know you should insulate slabs back then, and I didn't know. Can Lights were all the rage back in two thousand? Twenty or thirty of those in the house, and where we're going to put the the Ductwork Oh, let's just throw it up in the attic and we don't need insulated duct work as we're GONNA cover insulation. there. I I have fixed what I can fix long. You know I mean we didn't use the. Vent vents and through the roof, and so I I six when I can sex along the way You know the other stuff you just learn to live with you know the fans dump outside now and you know we've done smears the only enough there and we've got appropriate levels of insulation and being on a slab. It's naturally a pretty tight house. Anyway signed my blower doors. Maybe twelve hundred or something, and we've added onto it since as there's you know, it's now sixteen forty square feet, you know. We had three kids in it and. As, just say long live there and then boy. We're having kids faster than we're getting towards dream house you know. It's it's it's terrific house at. Its. If, I were to build it when I was thirty five probably would have been the style house building then, which would been this monstrous cat up? Way Too much as way too much rough, it's. Pretty simple. Rans just works day in and day out. You Know Pretty Forgiving Assembly on everything. You know it's it's tough to be. What would you do if you were? To move and build your own house tomorrow, what assemblies would you use for walls and roof? I think it's tough. To not want to do the double wall. Cellulose. Yeah, you know it's. Simply. There's nothing creek about your building walls like you build walls, your dense packing like a dense pack. You know it's just. Yeah. They're still. You gotta get every detail. Right? No matter how you do it, but. You know in. Our our! Training Center. Remember. Bill rose a group of they're they're the ones that Jonah debunked? Then at addicts working, you know. I'm ninety nine percent shares rose, did just a ton of different assemblies, and on different buildings, all over the University of Illinois campus and found out like. It it is what it is yeah. Battles but Yeah, I mean. So, you know I would. I've thought about how to build homes. To Megan this time as possible, one hundred different ways from like, maybe you build on your exterior walls, and then you set your trusses and you drywall the ceiling tape it many comeback and build argument, so you got this Arab Ariza's run. On broken through the whole house to you know just getting up there and. Air Sealing today lights. I really enjoy a lot of the passive home stuff and just. Off Steam Basis, do
Dallas - North Texas Infant Who Left Yard Killed In Dog Attack
"And infant and Hunt County north east of Dallas, was mauled to death on Monday by a pit bull that got loose. The child was rushed to a local hospital but did not survive. Investigators say the toddler got out of an enclosed yard without family members knowing and walk down a gravel road. That was when a pit bull who had escaped from a four foot chain link fence attacked the infant and the road. The dog was seized and is being held in an animal control facility. No word on charges.
Stamped On The Phone
"Hi, it's pretty globeop. Give that few minutes that I can explain to you that an inside story. About stamped. I'll make it a topcoat audio clips. They can hear it over there episode five to seven and on talk about it during audio Mo- here on Lima and on other goods social networks. Because in two thousand seventeen I started. Getting advisories through good reads in through some other deep dies. and. The end of ACP names stamps. Give it a top prize for outstanding literature and. I've had it on my. GotTa read Realis- Since then. The books by Lebron Mix kindy. I have discovered. There's a back channel conversation about stamps. It's something. That Ray Gerard would have resonated with and then during a phone call. I had with Paul Manny the book itself. Start agreeing to me on the phone in the middle of call that had with Paul. So. I thought it might be worthwhile to take the exact segments that was playing through a foam. And let your let you hear it because it's a revealed to me. Very revealing to know. How many cultural values I have or stamp with racism, people form immature images of places of people of Cultures and of meanings that are embedded to religion or to history or to sociology or to family values. Stamped by racism. So here's a little bit of an excerpt. It's exactly the segment that was playing when a audible. BOOT booted Paul off my phone. Have, a quick listen. Men that have low and flat nostrils are asked La Bitterness as apes cleric Edward topsail explain in sixteen o seven in history of four footed beasts King James made the Comment Association of Apes in devils in his fifteen ninety seven book deem -Nology, and one of his last plays the tempest, sixteen eleven shakespeare played on these associations of the devil, an African in crafting Caliban, the hyper sexual bastard, child of Demon, an African witch from a vile race in sixteen, Fourteen, England's first famous working class poet John Taylor said that Black Nations adored the black devil. In a sixteen fifteen address for the planters in Ireland and Virginia the Reverend Thomas Cooper said that White Sham. One of Noah's three sons shelby Lord over the cursed race of Cham- meaning Noah's son, Ham and Africa. Future Virginia politician George Santa's also conjured curse theory to degrade blackness. In a sixteen twenty paraphrase of Genesis, future politician Thomas in road of. The southern man as a black, deformed Elf, and the northern white like unto God himself. Five years later clergyman Samuel Purchase released the Gargantuan Four Valium Heck latest posthumous of travel manuscript left to him by his mentor. Richard Hackett Purchase blasted filthy sodomite sleepers, ignorant beast disciples of Cham- to whom the black darkness is reserved forever. These were the ideas about African people circulating throughout England and the English colonies as African people were being hauled into Tanzania on slave ships. In Sixteen Nineteen Richard, mather begin ministering not far from the future center of the British slave. Trade the port of Liverpool. And those days, the British slave trade was miniscule at Africans, hardly existed in Britannia, but that would soon change. The vessels of slave traders were cruising deeper and deeper into the heart of west Africa especially after the Moroccans armed by English, guns crust, the Songhai Empire in fifteen ninety one. The vessels of English Commerce were cruising deeper and deeper into Virginia to as English merchants competed with Spanish Portuguese and rising Dutch and French empires. To get the rest of the story, Shrek she by the book or listen to it on audible. I know the history of America the history of the Great. Western expansion of European culture to the states. Had elements of the slave trade as part of the foundational elements. Of our natural growth. It's called STEMP's but Hebrew mix candy. Having all my kids read it. Before. We go back to school in the autumn of twenty. Twenty
Pruning to Reduce Size, Pine needles and Milkweed
"People want to know, can I make this shrub or tree smaller, or maybe they've purchased a new home and they say this is too big, or this is out of control right or maybe they're supposed to be cutting these things down. I grew up in a family. My mother was a very good gardener actually, but my dad was in charge of the shrubbery, and he was one of those people who would just go out with the electric hedged Trimaran. Cut everything down to the height. He wanted it to be and when I became a professional gardener and told him this really was not the best thing for his trees and shrubs. He would pretend to let me do it my way I would go out there. I would prune the SHRUB correctly and the next time I came home. He had gone out with that hedge stripper again. He just could not give it up. Your parents have ties to the old country right? Yeah, he did anyway. My in laws were Italian. They came to this country after world. War Two and my father-in-law used to do the same thing and when I went to Italy, I realize Twi because a lot of the pruning that is done in these countries. They do that repeatedly. Even trees get either politics or or really cut back. Back hard all the time and the reason is there. Isn't that much space in most of their yards and gardens, and that was sort of an old way of dealing with plan. Let's let's take a second and explain what the Word Pollard means. When it comes to PR- tree-pruning because it's not something that's done here anymore. People might not know what it is, but if you ever look in one of those big coffee table books that show pictures of you know La's in Paris of trees in the wintertime. When you can really see the branch structure, you may find an example of polishing and what that is is when. Trees and shrubs primarily trees are pruned by just kind of a a topping cut, and so all the growth is cut back to a certain place, and they do this over and over every year, and what ends up looking like for the structure of the tree to me is always like a bunch of knuckles at the end of your hand like if you cut off your fingers, which would be a horrible thing to do at the first knuckle, and the the new growth comes out of that every year, but to correctly and healthily Pollard a tree. You need to keep up with that very specific type of pruning every season, and if you don't do that then. Where the new growth comes out of gets weak, and it can lead to breakage, so it's not something that people do here a lot, but it's interesting I. Never Thought about the reason for that being a popular technique in Europe being the space limitations properties were not as expansive right. I think that that's one reason that this practice came about however to get back to the question. Should I be cutting this back unless you're doing it every year, it's probably not a good idea just to hack a plant back. Would say not. Well, first of all it makes it. Look Right, so it doesn't. It doesn't have as attractive appearance. Second of all the plant is going to desperately try and replace what it's lost, and for trump's and trees, this leads to a whole bunch of straight up growth. The plant wants its leaves back. It wanted food factories back right and that's this is not a good time of year to be doing that anyway. This is the time of year when your tree should be storing energy. Maybe flowering, it's a flowering tree I think and I recommend, this is always my recommendation, although sometimes I do not follow my own advice. You! And if you are fortunate enough to be planting your own garden, just think about the mature size of your tree or your shrub before you buy it and I know that's hard to do. You've got this big empty space. You want it to look beautiful and full and green and lush right from the start, but you will regret it I promise you because that little blue spruce, that is so cute and four feet tall right now is going to be twenty four feet tall before you know it and. And if you don't site that properly the right distance from your house, not blocking a window. You'RE GONNA. Be Very sorry. You cannot win this battle against against Mother Nature. That tree or Shrub wants to be what it's going to
What we know about flooding in Michigan
"Massive flooding in Michigan today after two flood walls were breached officials in Midland Michigan calling this a five hundred year flood one river expected to crest four feet higher than its previous record back in nineteen eighty six the roaring floodwaters easily swallowing up trees nearly submerging street signs and barreling toward towns
Against All Odds: Lone Survivor
"We're all going through some degree of hardship right now but most of us have family or friends in person via technology to help us through in that respect alone. We're doing a lot better than the subjects of today's episode. Take for instance Ricky McGee in two thousand and six when he stumbled in front of a pickup truck of two Australian Ranch Workers Jack Larussa the local parlance. He's deeply sun-scorched. Skin hung off skeleton. They weren't even sure they were looking at a man and not some demon of the northern outback. Things had been considerably better for McGee. Ten weeks earlier the thirty five year old was hale and hearty and had just landed a new job driving along a baron. North Australia highway. He spotted a group of stranded travelers in their vehicle on the side of the road knowing it could be a long time before anyone else came by. He let some of the men get into his car to drop them at the next town. That was the last thing he could clearly remember. He came to in the middle of the desert stripped naked and barefoot under the harsh Sun which bonus fact bombards Australia with more UV rays and other continents because of the whole meal zone layer. Mcgee had nothing not even a notion of which way to go waiting for help to find him seemed fruitless so he began to walk each morning. He told himself today was the day today. He would see a house or town. At least erode he could follow each day ended the same as the day before there was one ameliorating factor in his situation. The rainy season had just ended and there was water to be found. He found a decent size waterhole and began to try to make shelter one week had ticked by before food in the form of a lizard crossed. Mcgee's path he was able to catch and kill it with his bare hands. Laying the meat out in the sun to dry McGee's diet was made up of anything that walked crawled or slithered past him lizards snakes grasshoppers bugs and even leeches after his ordeal. Mcgee said that the Leeches weren't bad but you had to eat them quickly otherwise they'd attached to the inside of your mouth. He also eight any plant that passed a taste test which is not strictly speaking the best way to find non poisonous plants but he got lucky. His Diet was diverse. But not plentiful calories were thin on the ground no pun intended dingoes have begun prowling around trying to decide if he was meet yet starving weakening and beginning to despair mcghie fashioned across for the top of his shelter. It seemed likely that the shelter would become his casket but he managed to stay alive when he'd been carjacked. Mcgee weighed two hundred thirty three pounds or about one hundred and five kilograms when the jackaroo found him he only weighed a hundred pounds or forty five kilograms but he was alive. He managed to keep himself going alone in the desert for seventy one days in what his rescuers described as one of the most isolated places in Australia. Mcgee was flown to the Royal Darwin Hospital where medical staff described as a but well hydrated a credit to his decision to stay at the waterhole police and the media were initially suspicious of McGee's story assuming that his previous minor drug offence must have meant he'd been up to dirty deals with dirty dealers and that's how he ended up stranded. His stolen car never turned up. Which would have helped his story. Mcgee even offered to eat a frog on live. Tv BUT THANKFULLY BUSH. Survival experts weighed in that his story was plausible. So no more frogs for Ricky. Mcgee water kept Ricky McGee alive but it was nearly the death of Jose Alvarenga a man who would probably rather not hold the record for the longest time spent adrift at Sea alone in November. Twenty Fifteen Alvarenga. And please forgive me. If at some point ISLIP and say Alvarez it's almost guaranteed to happen was getting his gear together for a thirty hour deep sea fishing trip off the coast of Costa Zule Mexico. His quarry were sharks. Marlins and sailfish expensive fish. That would hopefully give him an edge over his competition. The trip didn't get off to a promising. Start WHEN ALVAREZ. Usual partner backed out at the last minute and he took on a less experienced. Fishermen named Ezekiel Cordova that he'd never even spoken to before that day but he figured it was a short trip so everything would be OK on. November seventeenth the pair. Sit Out on a twenty four foot fiberglass. Gif small was boats go with fishing gear a radio an enormous cooler. That would soon be almost overloaded with fish just a few hours into their journey though a storm world and it stayed for five days. They had to dump their catch to lighten the boat. So it'd be more maneuverable. Alvarenga tried to steer the boat back to shore but he couldn't see where the shore was in the pounding rain and the little ship didn't have. Gps when the storm finally cleared the men found that the motor was gone as was most of the fishing here and the electronics were all badly damaged unlike the passengers of the SS minnow. Who took all of their belongings on a three hour cruise Alvarenga and Cordova had only a day's worth of food and water. There was enough charge in the backup battery of the two way radio for Ranga to get a mayday message out. But he couldn't tell us potential rescuers where he was because he simply didn't know what part of the seemingly endless Pacific Ocean they were in the search teams had tried to look for them but the rain had made it impossible. There was no way to know how long they would be out there. So the men turned to the sea for survival. Alvarenga was able to catch fish turtles and seabirds with his bare hands. Though Cordova was basically useless. In those efforts the turtles were lucky. Catch their meat is actually rich in vitamin C. Which prevented the men from developing scurvy? They collected rainwater when there was rain to collect but otherwise had to hydrate themselves with a mixture of turtle blood and urine there. You're in the sun rose and set dozens of times but the flat horizon of the ocean remained. Unbroken
Post Spring Garden Tuneups with Ken Druse
"Did their spring clean up or they're doing it and they're like okay. I've done that check. But that's not the end of the story so I thought we could go through sort of some of the things that you and I. After a million years of gardening have learned sort of aftercare that really help the garden to look good right into the summer and beyond so. Do you want to start with like bulbs for instance because the big features of spring? I think that your listeners know that by now that you don't cut off the Daffodil foliage during the language kind of too bad 'cause it's hard to get around it and you don't break the. When was the last time he saw braided daffodil foliage? It's been a long time but I used to see people do it but I have seen people who planted daffodils. The lawn for that lovely English look and then mowed the lawn and they wonder why they don't have any flowers anymore right right right so here. I'm in zone five fee. I don't even know. I have big amounts of them in sort of grassy areas and I don't even know those areas until around July fourth. So you know I really let them go their own all all the way down to Bauge and maybe if you have species tulips that some of the comeback every year out of most tulips. Don't come back every year for me anyway. Even the species. But if you have species tulips you leave fully it. You WanNa leave the foliage of all the bulbs and most of them will tell you is over like the album the value Mer blooming and their foliage is ugly and turning yellow at the same time. And so it's pretty much over after they bloom right right so I let them ripen as we would say I let them do their thing and take advantage of their photosynthesis process before I clean them up. So that's super important journey yellow. That's when you do it right right and one other tip I think with some of the little guy. Some of the little guys like one of my favorites is the winter ACA night Aransas high malice and tiny little. I ball to bloom with the snow drops here for me. Even March where I am. Sometimes yellow. Tiny flowers is hard to establish but when it does get established the way it likes to establish itself and get into bigger and bigger mass by seeding. And so you don't want to disturb that area when the flowers are spent you know what I mean. Make a mess cleanup to roughly. Because you'll miss out on that colonizing effect that the self sewing is going to do so the takes a long time. It does surprise but it takes a long time because I believe that those aides need to they take two years to Germany to have both through warm moist. Cold Moist warm moist. You know the whole thing like that. I think I think it is two years to germinate. So you know. It's one of those things in the garden. You don't stand there tapping your foot waiting to see the colony takeoff. You just go away. And then a scant seven years later. A nice big clump. Yeah we're colony so flowering shrubs or another hallmark of spring. And Oh my goodness I mean you know. We could name so many that we adore and the question arises you know dead had them getting from people more southern than I am. I've already been getting like do I have to dead my roadies do I'd after dead. Had My you know Fill in the blank so yeah camelias for more southerly people exactly you know. And that sort of dot dot is like also went to prune them is. When is the right time to prune them? So maybe let's talk about you if you can imagine fast forward in your garden a little bit like some things that you do tidy up. Don't tidy up in the SHRUB department Kind of pertains to their flowering. Don't tie that's that's a good one you rose by a rea- I think some Birgitta. You Know Ogun among one eighth you don't WanNa cut that back because the foliage is what you're grown at for. It has lovely white flowers early and there followed by this. These sort of needle like leaves and Ogun is the gold one and that's a terrific plant so that's actually percipient to don't come back for. I mean you you can cut out the part that's deceased but when I see a percent the ball I just think oh what is going on. And sometimes they have no flowers because the the landscaper has made them into meatballs. Yeah Yeah not a good thing for but other things I mean. Camellias are kind of self cleaning like another. The power's turned brown. And they sort of fall off but you can help that along. Just go to the flowers and just sort of snapped them off and if you need to you can put it. But you know as we're talking thinking the general rule especially for spring flowering things. Is You prune them right after they flower particularly need the whole season to prepare to flower again? Some things like hydrangea panicky. Lada make the flower. You know what they're gonNA flower with through the season but the early things they've made what they're going to use to flower the year before right rarely right after they bloom so in our northern gardens. You know one of the two everywhere. Just a tiny little different. If the best time to lilacs they say is cut some bouquets and enjoy them indoors. And that's your pruning. You know what I mean. It's at the time or right after because by say July two months later or so. They are already beginning that process toward thinking about setting buds for next year. And certainly by fall there Abud. So you don't WanNa do it then and there's a lot of should you dead head lilacs or not dead lilacs and I think i. I think that if you let the fruits develop you really don't get as many flowers at least I don't so I it's a lot of work but I I do think that you know as you said. Cut some for though by the on the on the nightstand. That's the best some things that have fragrances. During the day don't have fragrances at night. Like trigger twenty four seven So cut them and have them on the bedside and then if you haven't cut them all then go round and just you can snap off little fruit. Says they're forming very easy to see their green fruits where the flowers used to be. Or you can take your SA- caters her crooners and cut them off at. If you WANNA prove your Lilac I would prune it down to the first out facing cluster of leads so you want to encourage the Shrub to sort of get a vase shape so so that the next branch doesn't cross with an inner branch or become congested. You want to open it up. And that's that's pretty easy to see if you look at it so when you prune in any case you look to see where the direction what you're leaving behind is likely to sprout and go in right so that you're thinking of the future architecture. That's that's mostly true with a shrub that has alternate clusters of leaves because some of them have in clusters of leaves on both sides. You can actually remove one and encouraged that outpacing growth. My getting confused here. That's not so hard to understand and with the lilacs the other reason I like to Dead head them so to speak. Is that once those fruits as you? Call them those clusters of green. Things are Brown. They look like hell. Let's do you have a big flow reference. You know one that really performed beautifully and then it has this mess right. I'd rather get mother green red right because it's awful and and I don't want to look at that the rest of the season and as you say it may also reduce flowering you know. Some of the energy may be put into the reproductive those seeds but uh so the long reach prunier. I loved one by the company. I have no affiliation with them but I just love their pruning tools. Rsd Longreach Crooner. It's maybe gives gives you an extra while you can get very long ones but I have one. That's maybe four feet and another one that telescopes to six. So I can get a lot of those. Even you know eight nine ten nine feet high can get a lot of those dead heads out of a Lilac which is great.
"four feet" Discussed on KLBJ 590AM
"Like a four foot space for foot traffic on sidewalks and no campfires out there in fire danger areas now under these proposed changes another one could be that the arch might see less of a crowd outside that's because camping outside shelters would be banned after housing services are offered in the correct signs put up front step runs the arch and the group's Amy prices conflicted about the proposal if the city is going to radically camping here I feel good about our improved outcomes for hiring and perhaps getting clients over some of their anxiety about coming in but I feel very badly for neighbors in downtown Austin she says it's a scanner this population they will end up in the doorways of others nearby John Cooley newsradio kale BJ Austin police association shares a photo of an officer's leg after he was reportedly bitten late yesterday by a homeless man in downtown the union says the man was vandalizing cars and started fighting the officers as they were arresting him five officers were taken to the hospital including some who were exposed to that man's blood all have since been released one of Austin's deadliest intersections has gotten a one point seven million dollar face lift that would be south First Street at slaughter lane in far south Austin Austin transportation vision zero program leader make of BOCES among the improvements are two new left turn lanes on slaughter have upgraded turn signals we have also relocated account metro bus stop from a near thanks doctor Parkside stop which is much safer says biking pedestrian shared use paths have been made safer as well the money comes from the twenty sixteen mobility bond Eric like of newsradio K.. LBJ it's six so for skilled at Austin's on time traffickers on prior well lets sing any wrecks or stalls or any other incidents like that to add to your morning diligence usual stuff starting bill most notably northbound thirty five forty five up to stash the usual story they're starting to do its usual thing that is about it right now around town pretty good drive time overall don prior with.
"four feet" Discussed on MyTalk 107.1
"Beach dig a four foot by four foot pit many clams as you can find on the side of the road into it. Light a fire and let it burn at a low temperature personally three or four days before. Never find you guys then you die of hunger. Extra time. I love it today. Twin cities live. We'll be back everybody. Stay with us. Recently overheard on Donna and Steve. What that pictures posted on Facebook. There is a a new Snapchat filter, which is like a gender. Swap. Donna becomes a man in a five o'clock. Shadow receding. Hairline on top. We're told us her alter-ego Wayne stories doing tell from the late eighties early nineties country crossing tours, you get all sorts of upstart rock bands. That's the story of Wayne. He's worked all over the place carnivals logger once fishing. Please look at it as a real nice guy. Yeah. More than anything went through a motorcycle fame. Donna and Steve nine to noon on mytalk one zero seven one, everything entertainment. Here for my friends at gins Ryan, and okay, I hate adding something to your to do list, but promises a really quick little thing. And it'll totally pay off. You've got a call gins Ryan today. Six one two nine zero zero three five five zero because I want you to book this air conditioner tuneup. You've gotta get.
"four feet" Discussed on KFI AM 640
"Approximately four foot five inches tall weighs about fifty five pounds. And as a skinny LA county sheriff's Lieutenant Scott Hoaglund says it appears the body was dumped sometime Sunday night. The victim wasn't fact found partially inside of a black rollaway type duffel bag. He says the body did not show signs of trauma. Investigators say they don't know where the girl is from in downtown LA. Andrew mollenbeck, KFI news. Twenty gay and bisexual men are suing USC claiming sexual misconduct by a former campus. Doctor the lawsuit claims the men were shamed and humiliated for engaging in sexual acts with other men lawyer Kelly van Aken says Dr Dennis Kelly convinced them in unnecessary exams were necessary asking these men to climb onto an examination table get on their hands and knees, and then rectory penetrated that she says Kelly resigned last year after twenty years as US's only men's health physician. Kelly denies the allegations UC says it's looking into the matter in downtown. L A corporate. Carson KFI news LA county sheriff's deputy who was fired and rehired will be allowed to stay on the job. A judge has rejected the county's effort to terminate the deputy immediately county lawyers get Miller says that raises liability issues until the next hearing in June or very concerned about it. Obviously, the judge had the sheriff better make sure that nothing happens. That's the sheriff's job. The deputy was originally fired over allegations of domestic abuse sheriff Alex Vienna. Ueva brought back the deputy shortly after taking office an LAPD detective has sued the department claiming higher ups ignore reports of blackmail and abuse by a fellow officer detective Isabel VA guy says officer Daime really took intimate photos of her without her permission. When she went to report that he had abused her harass network, and he said these intimate photos to my work Email. He also sent these photos to my co workers says that after going to internal affairs, she was transferred out of the prestigious robbery homicide division. Her lawyer. Lisa bloom says. LAPD should have done more to stop the harassment. No one investigated. No one stopped him. Billy PD is not commenting saying there's an ongoing investigation in Woodland Hills. Chris ancarlo KFI new federal judge in California has ruled citizenship question on the twenty twenty cents. This is illegal. The judge found the question would violate a constitutional requirement that the census count everyone in the country. Aaron Katersky says a judge in New York also ruled against the question in January the decision to include a citizenship question on the two thousand twenty cents is was arbitrary and capricious a federal judge here in New York said adding that commerce secretary Wilbur Ross acted irrationally. The US supreme court has agreed to take up the case while that settled the census bureau is trying to get info about the legal status of millions of immigrants from the department of homeland security. We have a crash.
"four feet" Discussed on KLBJ 590AM
"Telford England sue was all set to get six New South American penguins. But an outbreak of avian malaria prevented the shipment of the birds so things change visitors to the Telford England zoo can stare at some brand new and the very lifelike. We're told plastic penguins fun. There's ever underway in New York City to indicates of unlawful imprisonment that is the non human rights project is all hot and bothered because happy the elephant is confined to the Bronx zoo. So far they've had a bit of a problem getting a court to go along fraud charges against one firm have led New York to become the third state to ban animal rentals, California and Nevada already do. So and the New York assemblies passage of a similar bill's led to governor Andrew Cuomo signing it the firm and question pet zone is accused of disguising animal rentals as more expensive Lisa's. You have to have your dog on a leash. But you may soon not be able to. Get a dog on a lease. Four foot alligator is a fairly common sight in Florida. But not where one was found not long ago in the waters of Lake Michigan north of Chicago must've taken a wrong, turn in west, Springfield, Virginia. Police pulled off a rare rescue of a dog stuck in a heating vent. And then the fire department tweeted that it was a happy and pause outcome for all very cute. If you missed it wasn't just people and pets who suffered from hurricane Michael a large tree fell on to hotties shelter near Abro, Florida. And it took a few weeks to track down to hobby the wolves which had been living in an animal. Preserve, the Fresno, California man was house sitting for his parents, but he won't be invited to do that again after he decided to go after black widow spiders with a blowtorch to alarm, minor damage and no injuries except to the parent child relationship and a frontier airlines flight in Orlando was recently delayed after police had to be called to remove a woman who insisted she be allowed to fly with their emotional support. Squirrel wonder if the judge will let her bring it to court be offbeat. I'm Jim Bohannon America in the morning.
"four feet" Discussed on KTOK
"Balls of light. It would cheat around. And fall cars go alongside cars. Clap during the day that was it by. Four. These weird forefoot drone domes. I call him Jones. There are these large fears have some sort of train hugging software or something. Because they it's because the training to like train hugging me and had my go right by my house one hundred feet away. Now, what about what do they do? They just float around. And nobody knows where they you know, where they come from where they go. They're almost invisible they tend to be seen just before dawn when the light. So. Is kind of steely gray colors and they blend right in looking at them. Sort of maybe go inside of. Indicates of of of my particular, sign wet. What does the foothills, which of course, the dark with trees? And and so it was so let it against the trees the same exact color is around even Barnum. And as soon as went past area where the trees behind it. Disappeared. Exactly the same covers the life. And it was very very, well camouflaged. Oh, was it a ball? A four foot of four football. About forty feet off the ground. Hey, okay. Thirty to forty feet now. I always heard of fireballs as well. And my producer there. If you can hear me there. Mike, can you turn him up, please? And hear him a little louder. There's I remember hearing about fireballs. Is that the kind of the same thing or no, no these are? They don't appear to have any any sort of means of propulsion on any means of no appendages, no wings. No external anything external except for a smooth round ball about four or five to five feet in diameter. And and make it bigger to they've been reported up to about ten feet. All also, small read real brilliant, red balls of light have been reported. And then the orange or kind of more aren't just read sort of an incandescent bulb. Those lights are in between there probably about. Maybe soccer ball sized. Then the big green fireballs, they're huge. They're like a hundreds of feet. Diameter? They're very very needs. They seem to be internally lit. Kind of fashion. It's hard to describe you know, what I've been talking to people about I've been talking to people about these orbs all over the place places. I enjoy pull, you know, pulling all the pieces of the puzzle together and seeing how they all connect and just recently just talking about how there's there's orbs around the Bigfoot there's orbs around ghost. There's orbs around ET stuff. There's so many orbs sometimes just orbs on their own. Now, they're different sizes different shapes different colors. So you know, you've been doing this for a long time. What are your thoughts about Korb's? And do they mean something different when they're a different color? No, I'm not talking about the the orbs it artifacts that you capture. When you take pictures with your digital camera at night. And your me either me aren't talking about once a very very plainly visible. Seem to be operating with intelligent. Absolutely. Yeah. That's what I'm talking about. And there and they come in sizes of like Eddie bitty, and they also come in sizes of softball soccer ball, bigger, bigger VW. Yeah. That's exactly what I'm talking about. None of the other stuff. So what do you think those are? I think to some sort of surveillance drone. Something out, and it's just it's it's out sensing be environment for some reason, which I don't know what the purposes for them. But they they tend to look like watchdogs similar to. Remember this show back in the sixties, and they had the they had the the watchdog, you know, the big the ball. Chase people down who were trying to escape possibly similar to something. Like that some something with some sort of purpose? I think that surveillance Jones is probably think it's human. I think it's human control you think by humans. Possibly it might be a military think some of them other other examples of them. I don't think there's something strange going on. You know, what makes this important? Not listen, I understand once you're out in the field, and your people know that there's somebody that they can trust. And that they can report this stuff too. It's important to write everything down. And what I've done is I've well during the ten years that I devoted to investigative work there in the sandwich Valley, I compile all this data into a database, and you know, you get a date a time duration where it happens a name.
"four feet" Discussed on Pet Life Radio
"Okay. Welcome back to Kanai master content. Life radio, Jamie. I think we have some questions from our listeners. Yeah. This question comes from Lois from New Jersey. She writes, hi, Chris, we have only ever adopted dogs. And it truly is the greatest joy. We just recently lost our fourteen year old shepherd mix and are ready to adopt again, but we are older now. And we're considering maybe adopting an older or senior dog that requires less activity. Do you have any advice? Well, I think this is great. I'm sorry that you lost your your German shepherd fourteen year old German shepherd. That's awesome. I mean, that's a long life for German shepherd or German shepherd mix, you know, as we get older include myself in that picture, you know, you gotta think about how long you're gonna live. And and when the dogs when you adopt a dog when you pass where's that dog going? So sometimes you're I don't know you're in your seventies. Eighties and you want to adopt the because we do love to have our companions. It's a great idea to adopt an older pet dogs lifespan can be a little bit shorter. It's going to allow you to have a great sort of relaxed dog usually an older dog is definitely more laid back, and we don't have those crazy puppy behaviors. And adolescent behave. Deal with. So I really think it's great to adopt an older dog. So when you adopt an older dog realized that that older dog is going to have had a history. So we're going to want to really make sure that dog is evaluated before you take that dog home. I might hire yourself a professional dog trainer to come with you to do some evaluations on that older dot so that you're making sure you're adopting a dog that will really benefit from your situation and vice versa. The worst thing we can do is adopt a dog bring it home. It's an older dog. And then we have to give it back. That really is not a nice thing to do those dogs. So what I would do is. I'd hedge your bets go out there. And find yourself a Kanai behaviors or dog trainer that you respect or have heard great things about and bring them to the shelter with you. It'd be probably some of the best money you'll ever spend to really make sure that you get the right head for your home. Okay. Next is Bill from Syracuse. Hi, chris. I've just recently adopted a golden retriever a beautiful pure bred puppy who was abandoned by his owners who thought a puppy. Too much work. He's a love of my life and friendly to all people and dogs. However, he has just started humping the occasional guest on the leg causes a good chuckle. I note should not be loud. And I'd like some advice as to how to address the cause. And not just correct the behavior. Wow. Okay. Well, Bill, here's the thing. You got yourself a dog puppy and he's starting to hump. So hopping can be two things it can be sexual. But in most cases, it's actually the dog dominating. It's not as sexual as many people think while we think that's really kind of funny acute it actually is a behavior that's part of a bigger piece. So we don't want dogs humping your guess what they're doing is. They're dominating them in most cases, and this can actually then lead to other behaviors that can get out of control very quickly. It's the first symptom to the dog being in charge in your home to new guests coming in. So what I'm going to tell you to do is. You are going to make sure that when you greet your strangers at the door that your puppy. Golden retriever is. Behind you. And I would say he's a good ten feet eight to ten feet behind you. And if he tries to come up to an about face, turn from your guests and literally use your legs and forward body pressure and pushed him in a direct line away from the person at the door like basically, getting them out of the foyer then after the dog starts to settle that may take three to four pushes. You may need to set this up times the dog's going to start realizing that your in charge of the green process, and it's you you should be hopping your neighbor. No, I'm only joking. But basically the dog's going to give up that responsibility of dominating that person coming into your house, and he's going to give it to you the next thing. That's going to happen is when the person comes into the house if the dog starts to run over to them and starts to hump again, walk up to the person put your rear end towards that person and say excuse me and shoved the dog away from that stranger and do that for three to five minutes, and when you shove them away again forward body pressure. You don't even need to say anything. Just put your end. Up against the stranger forward body pressure against the dog usually shoveling away about four feet, and then go back and talk to your friend. Again, you're gonna find really quickly that that dog realizes that you're in charge of the interactions in the space, and you're in charge of how that dog is approaching that stranger humping is not a good thing. It's not funny at actually usually leads to other behavioral issues that are not desirable. Okay. Last question for today's Michelle from Arizona. Hi, chris. Our family is finally pulled the trigger and agreed to adopt a dog. We went to our local shelter this weekend and fell in love with a poodle mix. In fact, two poodle mixes about eight months old brother and sister and the shelter was hoping they would be adopted together. We were not intending to adopt both but our hearts break to separate them. So we would consider it can you give me the pros and cons of adopting two dogs at once. Well, so here's the thing. Many people think that two dogs that come from a household together really need to be with each other. And I think that may be true in some. Cases. But in most cases, it's not desirable. That I'm going to explain why they talk about how it would be good in some cases, if they are older dogs and they've been together their whole lives like their seven eight nine ten eleven twelve years old. You know, what breaking those dogs up? Probably is not a great thing to do and you should adopt both of them at the same time. However, if you have a younger dog, a puppy, for instance, or an adolescent said there's two of them that were that are brothers and sisters are two brothers, or whatever what happens is is that those dogs when you adopt them, first of all you're gonna have a handful adopting one dog a handful adopting two dogs is a much bigger handful in most cases, but when you adopt you dogs at once those two dogs will always be bonded to each other more than their bonded to you. And that's not one hundred percent of the time. But you can do things to make that not the case like spend time alone with each dog every day take one dog with you to the park and leave the other one home, and then reverse it. It's a lot of work. I'm going to recommend that you get yourself. One dog the dog. That are together they're going to find another home. And while they may miss each other for a few days within a couple of weeks of being their new home. They're going to be happy. As can be getting one dog. At a time is always a better situation. It allows you to train the dog better to it into your family much easier. And you'll just find that it just becomes a much easier process. Overall. So.
"four feet" Discussed on NewsRadio 1080 KRLD
"Levels. Got up to four feet and a house in the house in the house up to about my hip. The driver was a man named Chris. He didn't have time to talk as he drove back to help. More people. Fifty six year old Paul Rosenfeld has allegedly confessed to a plot to blow himself up on election day in the nation's capital CBS's. Paula Reed with details. He told agency ordered large quantities of black powder. Online built small test explosives and then used about eight pounds to construct the two hundred pound explosive device in a plywood box in his basement. He said he installed certain components in the device to ensure that he was killed in the blast FBI technicians. Remove the bomb from his basement and transferred it to a safe location. The Catholic diocese of Dallas joining others and releasing the names of clergy who've been credibly accused of sexual abuse KRLD's Austin York report this ship Edward burns says the list dates back to nineteen fifty three today in doing. So he joins the bishops of the other fourteen Catholic diocese in Texas opening there. Records to release the list of names, I'm very pleased with my brother bishops in the state of Texas that we're able to exercise and demonstrate a clear policy in bringing the names of the accused forward burns has hired outside. Investigators a team made up of former FBI state, troopers and other experts law enforcement to examine their files. All diocese will publish their lists by January thirty first of next year Austin York for CBS news, Dallas stocks wound today, the Dow was off more than eight hundred points..
"four feet" Discussed on 600 WREC
"Talking almost four feet of rain. These are numbers they say that could also get a lot bigger than that in North Carolina at top so beach, many people may know top. So it's it's an area that it's been there for a while. While they're talking about how bad things are getting their listen to this just the power of all that water coming up in the area homes here, you can see the garage of this house. Yard and all that sand that you see that was just grass just a few hours to go. The you hear the description there, and what we're seeing is these areas that were grass are completely covered with the tied with saying that has already pushing these houses and knocked out there garages. A lot of these houses are on stilts but underneath they have their storage in their garages. So they those things are there. And they're seeing this now in topsil beach topsil beach here in North Carolina. One of the things that they're saying is that they've never seen this high of water that's coming in. They've never seen this type of water at this level at this height in modern basically history because the storm is pushing so much water from the sea, and is pushing it in at a rate with these basically with the tide cycles that are just flat out a terrible combination here now for the update on the actual weather, and what's going to happen. Here is what they've said about that. That's advisory just came out about ten minutes ago. And it shows that Florence is strengthening we are up to one hundred and five miles per hour. And it just shows that this is sitting out in warm water it sitting over the Gulf stream, and this still has the ability to strengthen like it's doing now, which is awful news considering it's basically stalled out moving at about five miles per hour. But the last couple of frames look like. It's getting better organized, and it is slowing to a screeching halt with it under these Cirque conditions and circumstances it's going to bring incredible amounts of rain. That storm surge is going to come in just as we've been talking about. It is going to inundate these communities. It is going to sit here for twenty four to thirty six hours with that track making landfall possibly not until tomorrow afternoon. Could be later if the sits offshore longer, and then it's just going to shred that coastline. All across the North Carolina coast, South Carolina coast, and then bring lots of rain, I was reading a report that was showing an area between Wilmington and Myrtle Beach could receive forty inches of rain within forty eight hours. And that's not even the storm. Search that's the rain alone. So we're already seeing the outer bands come on shore. You can see this motion that's going to the west. That's the part of the storm. That's pushing all of the water in all of this area to the south of waters. Going out but up here it's going in. It's pushing into those river systems, and that's what we're going to seek record levels for some of those rivers are going.
"four feet" Discussed on Cleared Hot
"You can leave your hands up because of the consistency of this because even just the eight inches of of. Kind of snow. The eight inches of snow was stronger than I was well, because it's, you know, it's this cement like version of snow because it's just been turned up just like the cement in the cement mixer, right? This is Sierra snow, not Super Dry, pow. And it I can move them. And there was like no arguing wasn't like second guessing. And like if I try this way or that way I'm glued in, there was no moving my arms and my legs are under four feet of snow or something. Yeah. And then the snow. Then the second wave came. Oh shit. Yeah. And so then that pushed my head down and contorted me into this strange position. I'm, you know. I believe my head was my head was lower than my torso and one leg was scorpion up by my heel. My one one, one of my hills was like scorpions up towards my back of my head. And then the other one was in a in a -nother awkward, but not yoga, like position. And then you're just there and. You can still see, but then the snow starts filling in and there's just little cracks in the in the snow. You can see through grey-blue cracks, and then those fill in and then you can't move anything. You can't move a finger. Yeah, nothing. You know, you know, you can't can't flex your required. Nothing. Nothing you can move and you're, it sounds like you're in a vice. Yeah. Yeah, there's pressure. But in my case it wasn't violent pressure at that point. I didn't have a pain wasn't on my mind, but you're in its grips. There's no getting out of it. And then and there was no, in my case. That was no thought of a make some herculean effort and save my own life right now bust out of this because you have no leverage to push off the nothing can move. So you're you're, you're just cemented in and you're, you can't see anything, and you can't move anything. And he can't hear anything. Last thing I heard was more snow filling in above me and I'm just thinking, you know that I don't hear anymore. And I'm wondering, is it because it's no stop building or is it because I'm so damn deep just can't that. You can't hear it anymore, but you can breathe still now, fuck now, do you see your your, there's no place for your chest cavity to move. So you just skip breathing. Snow the you. You have your own form is on affected in my case. You know, if I'd been smashed into like a tree branch, my form my own bodies form would have been on the fact what it would benefactor bent tweaked. But in my case, I. I couldn't. I could move my lungs, but there was nothing there to breathe. And so I went into this pep talk mode of, okay, these guys are coming. I knew there was some things that I had on my side, which is I was seen. That's good. I had to mountain guides. That's good. I. Was the only person avalanche, so that betters my chances and found, and my guys are uphill from me. These are all good things. So I, I. Was as positive as as I could be and pushed aside the thought of dying. And I just focused on what I could control. And I tried to stay calm and Trump heart rate. Not breathe. I didn't. I've never had any formal training in in breath holding, but some of my friends had through red bull and they had told me that the main takeaway is that I urgent feeling that your mind has is totally bogus. You don't need it. So I, I think I may be stuck that one right out of the gate. The accelerate. I was like, we're not going to start wrestling now. This is not a debate yet. Yeah, and and I just kept reminding myself that I used to be pretty decent holy may breath. I could do seventy five yards underwater when I was on the water polo team. And I, I just. Try to remind myself. They come in and thought about a lot of shit..
"four feet" Discussed on KQED Radio
"And a half blocks in to a depth of anywhere from three to four feet thankfully the flood floodwaters receded quickly within twenty four hours the water had receded however it really left an indelible impression i think on all miami and said hey you know forget about this macro concept and how it's gonna affect us in the future at soccer about the president what's happening now so we have to adjust and i think part of that investment from our own residents which is something that i'm very proud of our residents for which is a two hundred million dollar reinvestment in ourselves is to project and counter brand this notion that we are not going to be resilient that we're not gonna deal with water in the way that we dealt with wind post hurricane andrew in one thousand nine hundred to where we became i think the world's most when resilient city because of our our building codes and now i think we have a new challenge which to become water to create problems downstream so one of the things that we're hearing in in our reporting is that there are opportunities for those who own homes perhaps in these neighborhoods largely black and brown neighborhoods largely poor communities but they're higher up so the land is more desirable.
"four feet" Discussed on WGIR-AM
"About four feet four feet i would use and and four feet wide maybe at least at least put your product in it stirred up really really well and then don't put it all over the god the poor directly around the trunk of the tree because it's taken in through the roots and up against the back and the stem of the plant that's underground so port right around the plant do it slowly so has a chance to soak down and then the plant will absorb it and see it moves with the sap and sap will will as it moves from the roots up to the top of the foliage to bring it to some nourishment and to encourage the plant to make flowers and encourage the plant to make new foliage that staff that's moving up will carry the product throughout all the leaves all the stamped you want to get that down now if i do that today also puts molly tone down.
"four feet" Discussed on KOMO
"Seventy four feet over a six lane road connecting four to international university's campus with the neighboring city of sweetwater it was still under construction the portion that collapsed installed just last saturday in a matter of hours and had not yet opened up pedestrians nearly a dozen people are still hospitalized i'm sherry preston abc news the northwest only allnews station komo news one thousand fm ninety seven seven good morning it's five thirty one forty one degrees and clear skies in seattle right now with gregg hersholt i'm manda factor here are the top stories from the komo twenty four seven news center we're finding out this morning that several bridges here in the northwest were built similarly to that span the collapse yesterday in florida get more live from komo's brian calvert transportation department leaders around the region are standing by we don't know what happened in this case yet but we'll be watching we're gonna monitor the news from florida very closely that's because a lot of the bridges in washington and oregon were built using the same processes that florida pedestrian bridge the process is called accelerated bridge construction or abc if used in the in changing the structure of the bridge by the way that it's built and put together don hamilton with the oregon department of transportation says this means much of the bridges actually built offside our off site that is then it's trucked in and assembled fairly quickly the most notable bridge in our area built this way is the replacement i five bridge over the skagit river which was put in place after the original bridge collapsed in two thousand thirteen brian calvert komo news homelessness and king county has long been regarded as both a humanitarian crisis and a threat to public safety and now increasingly it's viewed as a threat to public health.
"four feet" Discussed on WBZ NewsRadio 1030
"Weather coming up good morning i'm doug cope wbz news our top story this hour are continuing coverage of this latest nor'easter the snow tapering off finally wbz tv meteorologist danielle niles on what's happening with this storm wrapping things up here's everything's coming to an end the rest of the day featuring temperatures in the mid to upper thirty still a gusty wind but not damaging and breaks the sunshine actually that combined with the strong march son angle who's gonna be in some melting through the day today an improvement on the roads of course as well as the cleanup efforts are underway tonight we did back into the 20s those it's going to be chilly for those without power tomorrow up around forty more melting tomorrow in for the weekend to no big storms until monday again so a few days out here but watching another potential for coastal storm that macomb closeness to graze us with some snow and rain monday into tuesday we'll keep you posted on the track one or the effects of the weather one of harvard's both houses is sinking wbz's kim tunnicliff is at the harvard sailing center in cambridge she's with us known kim what is happening there well at the building housing the failing club by is actually a barging if you mentioned it in thinking and it is that backing to be thinking of faster and faster the barge started taking on water during the storm sometime overnight it's now a listing to the right now if you look at it from a morial drive the right side is about three to four feet under water you can actually see a circle of bubbles coming up out of the water all around the barge with a water is entering the sailing club the bar is connected to the river wall by a metal triangular bracket we can hear the sounds of of that metal moving as a as a building move away from the wall there's also stick electrical wires coming out of the barge tied to to an electrical box on the sidewalk crews are concerned about the electricity doug because the electricity at this point is still on are they haven't been able to get uh electric crews here yet to turn off the electricity so this is still uh literally a very fluid situation from memorial drive kim on the wbz news radio ten.
"four feet" Discussed on The Giant Beastcast
"Basin of it's a tiny tiny four feet off the ground i don't know he warned podium with like a place for my buddy the sink it's huge so i do think when i broke my teeth had cd is very nice of course there seven looks amazing on the axe and i heat is still a grey movies some of the sound alert on it i have a separate sound bar there was even for my old tv and i just kept at around at that somebody's arm bar is very very good so i don't feel like getting rid of it yeah the general rule is not to use your tv speakers i lose right away i just got his down our and it was putting its first that hey i'm at the moment the know let in my pocket is at six o'clock you do now to my pocket are used them for the most part tv speaker sound like shit mmhmm now i trade the to the speakers on tv and they were fire now bad shut like i have a sub wolfer that goes with arsenal tv they also so one with a built in so i think they do that would it's like some absurd up charges there art atv pretty that's cool to get a pronoun at some point you hi was thinking about getting a pronoun will lease the original ps4 can do yeah i did hdr turns on with admit it does look like i was walking around with assassin screed last night and you know gaga's a sex and messed up all does look very this ps4 to secure the allies that and you have the xbox one acts her an agent okay so yeah i was a so just finished an attic and after the tv amir handzic okay i think i might be like a to ps4 household now taken upstairs or were not are.
"four feet" Discussed on Dumb People Town
"The camp by only three or four feet high higher radio oh seem like a big fire at all i hope the cop was like so you tried to bird the garage under down like three or four wayne when you fire three to four feet high the only thing you're in nature of is an appellate group gathering around it and started missing is on like an rocky folate that's yet that is that your your house is going down some great october's in of a lion kings on saturday the affidavits ace the resident told police the flames reach three to four feet high discolored the garage ceiling the seal because your guy walking ever garage delayed what's up of this is the cholera what are you doing there are just making sure the uniformity of the color of the deal in iraq oliver down on this place if this garage ceiling is a non foggia point the garage healing was discolored and appeared to have been fed by shoes and other items stored in the garage the residents had managed to extinguish the fire themselves before firefighters arrived and the damage is kept to a three by threefoot section of the garage it wasn't uranium lewis iranian higher but with all while thousand california this just gives you perspective it's i guess we lost everything in santa rosa by this guy this let let me me go through was arab league the turn into a mudslide oh material pre billy.
"four feet" Discussed on WGN Radio
"Of contaminants down our streams and at spoke he wanted to actual too attic view of major of the flooding i it crashed traumatically hitch cake uh i looked at key pledge stages uh on the missouri river at harmattan over the last hundred twenty years eight the first 60 and the flood stage was four feet take the next six p napster most recent six heat the flood stage hiv aids so we doubled us the stage now think about at in terms of water at means were push out of our watersheds for water which of course carries more settlements because it has more energy it get those contaminants into the into the water and i herman is only an example of same thing would go where the cage at henry or any of the gated all on the ally river the pets her uh the iowa a river they've all increased dramatically in we act bring this hunter control a solution to donnellan interrupt you just for a second because your old hey worn many hats thirty years all the duel with flood control wetlands trying to purifier water systems and donald on you're describing uh what we all know which is ever increasing cluj stages in our rivers because of tiling.
"four feet" Discussed on WGIR-AM
"Plant them in a border area are so in the borders about four feet wide okay well uh you can play it there is a hawley called blue hawley okay and it's much hired a year the english which comes from the west coast in its gross thicker and fuller than the wall while american hawley but his call a blue hawley in it could be pruned into a nice looking hedge it will have white flowers in the spree and then red fruit during the late fall and winter in each plant let's say you wanted to give like four or five feet in in it hike they've will get bigger but the plant itself will spread about three feet so you plant on threefoot centers in in about four years the going to grow win together right and it's a beautiful shiny leave and dark dark green now you deed one mayo for every five females so with few measure your deck for example of this thirty feet you would lead five play up so you'd need for females in one male just took him into the middle of your ads at eleven grow and then you just proved them accordingly and i have some hall the in front of my house the blue ali gazelle lived and made the can tolerate the colder weather and i do my pruning around christmas time and i bring the branches that i prune to put him in the whisky barrels on the front stepped i put me in the wind boxes and outputs vase took have beautiful christmas foliage with the red berries sound perfect luke ache now their gear is one of the plant in.