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"fort sumter lincoln" Discussed on Assassinations
"To hit the subscribe button. So you won't miss upcoming episodes. Now back to the story. Abraham LINCOLN was born in Kentucky on February twelve eighteen nine. His family was poor and Lincoln had to work to support them from a young age, which meant he had a very limited formal education eighteen thirty when Lincoln was just twenty years old, he moved to make an county in southern Illinois. And then later to new Salem, Illinois, where he worked as a postmaster overseeing the town's post office at the time. A postmaster was a highly respected elected position Lincoln found that he relished the life of a politician and after four years as postmaster he ran for and won a seat in the Illinois state legislature in eighteen thirty four Lincoln was an unusual choice for the state Senate his humble background left him with far less education than his peers. And he struggled to gain their respect to many of the other legislators. Lincoln was a backwater rube with no place in the US government. Eighteen thirty six Lincoln at age twenty six prove them wrong by passing the bar exam and becoming a lawyer. This was a particularly impressive achievement. Given the fact that he never attended law school ten years later in eighteen forty six he accomplished another feat winning an election to the US house of representatives Lincoln entered the US government during a time of turmoil prior to the eighteen forties. There were two major political parties the Whigs and the democratic Republicans. But as slavery became a more important issue in the mid nineteenth century, the democratic Republican party fractured into two parties, the abolitionist Republicans, and the pro slavery Democrats, not long after that, the pro slavery Democratic Party split again between the southern Democrats who advocated for secession and the northern Democrats who preferred Nash. Oh, unity all this to say. By the time Lincoln was involved in national politics. There were four major parties on the ballot northern Democrats. Southern Democrats Republicans and Whigs Lincoln began his political career as a wig. He initially didn't consider himself an abolitionist he believed in preserving slavery and slave owning states and halting it's spread to new states as they joined the union, but his beliefs evolved during his time in the legislature as he met and spoke with black citizens, including former slaves when the abolitionist Republican party was formed Lincoln eagerly joined by the time Lincoln ran for president in eighteen sixty. He was firmly anti-slavery, however, he ran on a platform of slowly phasing slavery out instead of Bala Shing it immediately to prevent an economic crisis in the south this water down anti-slavery stance. Alienated everyone pro slavery voter. There's staunch abolitionists and also the more moderate Whigs who wanted to allow slavery to continue in the south to prevent secession. Several southern leaders announced they would secede if Lincoln were elected and his opponents use that against him in the election claiming that even abolitionists who believed in a unified nation had to vote against Lincoln. The election was split between four candidates one from each major party despite the fear mongering about succession when election day ruled around in the fall of eighteen sixty Lincoln edged out on top with only thirty nine point eight percent of the popular vote the lowest share in United States history, just as they had promised by February fourth eighteen sixty one a month before Lincoln's term began seven southern states officially seceded from the union before Lincoln was even sworn in. He was already facing an unprecedented challenge as the. Nog Eurasian grew closer. His officials were so nervous about the risk of violence that armed men were stationed all along the procession route Lincoln took the oath of office on March fourth eighteen sixty one and became the president of a divided nation. Once in office Lincoln refused to recognize the seven states of the confederacy as their own separate country a month later, the south sent back their response. Bloodshed began on April twelve eighteen sixty one when the confederate army attacked fort Sumter Lincoln authorized militia to support the union troops defending the Fords. The civil war had officially begun, Lincoln's militant response, incited, four more states, Virginia, North Carolina, Arkansas and Tennessee to join the secession. The confederacy was now eleven state strong Lincoln was being faced with an unusual conflict and had to vote unusual thority to manage it. Keep blockaded southern ports and suspended habeas corpus rights allowing the government to arrest and hold any citizen of either the union or the confederacy without an arraignment. The constitution allows for the president to vote certain wartime powers, but those powers are poorly defined and Lincoln's policies during the war were unprecedented in scope citizens and legislators alike questioned. Either Lincoln's actions were even legal when John Wilkes booth heard about how Lincoln was expanding the powers of the presidential office. His worst fears were confirmed Lincoln was a tyrant as the war raged on Lincoln needed away to offset the stresses of leading the nation. He found respite in the theater as the later. President Bill Clinton explains Lincoln needed to balance the challenges of the presidency with a continued appreciation of the arts. It did allow him to survive. Because he understood that every political leaders passion for progress must be tempered by an understanding of the universal human existence, the darkness and the light and the struggle to have the light, prevail. Abraham wasn't the only member of the Lincoln family to enjoy the theater once during his presidency. Lincoln son tad attended a performance of the marble heart starring one John Wilkes booth after his brief stint in the Virginia militia booth had returned to acting and hit found success touring in both the north and south during the war tad Lincoln was fascinated by booth performance. And during intermission. He went backstage and met the actor himself booth was a gracious host even gifting tad with a rose perhaps on tad's glowing recommendation ABRAHAM LINCOLN went to a performance of the marble heart with a few of his friends later on he'd seen booth. Form several times before and he was already a fan of his work, Lincoln's friend an actor named Frank Morton's new John Wilkes booth personally when Lincoln confessed his admiration for booth Morton and offer to introduce them. But when Morton tried to arrange the meeting booth refused he wouldn't lower himself to meet the man, he blamed for destroying the nation's piece Lincoln had larger concerns than a snub from an actor on September twenty second eighteen sixty two he announced his intention to sign the emancipation proclamation, which would make slavery illegal in the southern states. This was the first time Lincoln had advocated for mmediately freeing, all slaves without a transition period. The decision was tactical as much as moral the amounts of patient proclamation. Also allowed the union army to accept escaped southern slaves as recruits Lincoln hoped the proclamation would inspire more slaves in the south to escape further. Weakening, the southern economy and giving the north more of an edge on. Fortunately, the emancipation proclamation was unpopular across the political spectrum. Even most abolitionists believed that a gradual transition away from a slave based economy was more practical than freeing all the southern slaves at once. Some even believed Lincoln's announcement was a bluff to apply pressure on the confederate government. Congress was unwilling to approve any measure that would instantly outlaw slavery. So instead Lincoln invoked special wartime powers in order to sign. The emancipation proclamation into law on New Year's day January first aid. Eighteen sixty three.