19 Burst results for "Yuri Gagarin"
"yuri gagarin" Discussed on The Happiness Lab with Dr. Laurie Santos
"Evansville. Joseph redman checked our facts. Sophie crane mckibben edited our scripts maryland. Rust offered additional production special. Thanks to meal carleen. Glory heather fain maggie taylor daniel lucar maya cake nicole. Marano eric sandler royston reserve jacob weisberg and my agent ben davis darkness. Penis live is brought to you by pushkin industries any dr lori centers. Listen we all love ice cream. But there's ice cream and then there's jenny's ice cream janis as unique flavors like brown butter almond brittle a butter cream ice cream with golden pockets of caramel and crunch and bramble berry crisp ice cream. That tastes just like a fresh berry. Cobbler topped with vanilla. Ice cream. All made from scratch no synthetic flavorings dies. Ice cream is great and jenny's makes it better find one of a kind ice creams including gluten free dairy free flavors at scoop shops and grocery stores nationwide and online at jenny's dot com. That's j. e. n. i. s. dot com. If you're a small business owner growing your business is what it's all about. That is if you have the space to do it. Cube smart self storage has the solution with a variety of storage unit sizes helpful online resources an easy to access facilities cube. Smart self storage provides a self storage experience that puts the focus on you. Because you and your business matter most and to help you grow cube. Smart is offering up to twenty five percent off your monthly rent. Say goodbye to crowded inventory and hello to your business. Success story with qb smart self storage does cube smart dot com for more information..
"yuri gagarin" Discussed on The Happiness Lab with Dr. Laurie Santos
"My gosh what do i do. Dave has found that many religions seemed to deal with this uncertainty through the use of ritual in islam bothers recite the ottoman or muslim. Call to prayer into a baby's ear. Just after it's born finley's also place a small piece of softened date into their infant's mouth symbolizing. The fact that the child's life will be filled with sweetness from that moment. On in shinto the national religion of japan the family of an expectant mother ties a sash around her belly to symbolize all the support and protection that will be available for her. New baby and in catholicism. The religion i was born in two babies received their first sacrament of baptism soon after birth which symbolizes a sort of vaccination against sin each of these religious practices comes with an accompanying set of beliefs. About why such rituals are supposed to work in a spiritual sense. But what's perhaps most surprising is that we engage in very similar practices outside of a context. Think putting on your lucky shirt or crossing your fingers or telling your theater buddy to break a leg on opening night. we call them superstition. We call them good luck charms. But they're all accomplishing the same purpose. That is they're giving us a sense of control when we get back from the break. We'll learn about the mind glitch that makes rituals like these so powerful. We'll see that these seemingly weird superstitions can ever surprising confidence boosting benefit. Just when you need it most the happiness lab. We'll be right back..
"yuri gagarin" Discussed on The Happiness Lab with Dr. Laurie Santos
"Really honestly say that you did not have any butterflies in the tummy started butterflies in the tummy. The most british question ever. I stumbled across this bbc interview on youtube and became obsessed. It's nineteen sixty one and famed journalist. Richard dimbleby is asking soviet. Cosmonaut yuri garen the first man ever to travel to space if he was nervous in the moments before blastoff is i can show you. There were no butterflies. Moths or anything else. You're he was strapped into a tiny capsule on top of a rocket filled with an explosive mix of kerosene and liquid oxygen. He was sitting there all alone waiting to venture where no other human had ever ventured before the bermudian them katara bluejean the brief period of time. I did spend in space ship before the actual takeoff. I think is ben tune quite normal condition and i think the scientists will confirm this by producing the records of my pulse. Count and so on to to. Because and i don't think any grounds for me to be seriously anxious either at that period anytime throughout the defied so full disclosure one of the reasons. I love listening to this. Interview is because i've always found erie to be well kinda swoon. Worthy he has an absolutely amazing smile. And this sort of young luke skywalker. Jet is sort of chill. But the thing i find most attractive about yuri is the fact that he was pretty much the bravest dude ever. I mean he's sitting there waiting to blast off into space and he says he wasn't even scared which is pretty incredible because back in nineteen sixty. One hopping onto a spaceship was basically like playing. Russian roulette the soviets succeeded in getting the first satellite into orbit only a few years before the vostok one launch before yuri only a few other living things had been sent outside of the earth's atmosphere and the results were shaky lake on the first dog in space. Scientists sent her up there knowing she wouldn't return alive. Faulty heat shield finished her off after her came space pups listener. Scott and bars. They were both killed by explosions. Soon after blastoff then it was shoka in michika. They were headed home safely when it looked like they might land outside of russia by mistake so mission control bloom up smell. Amyloid did a sub orbital mission in nearly made it back safely except their parachute. Didn't deploy your must have known that. Statistically speaking he had a decent chance of not making it back to earth but despite these odds he was totally calm when he waited for blastoff which is pretty bad ass. These days. the space program is much safer than it was back in nineteen sixty one but travelling off the only planet. You've ever known must still be terrifying. How astronauts able to control their anxiety enough to do something so incredibly scary in brave. Most of us won't be shooting into deep space anytime soon. But the challenge of regulating our anxiety during tough moments isn't just a problem for astronauts. We blast into uncharted territories. Every time we begin a new job or big project when we decide to start a family or have our first child or even when we sign on for something that's fulfilling but a little out of our comfort zone. All of these changes required taking one scary step in order to make that giant leap into something better but boldly going where we've never gone before requires controlling all our anxieties in doubts and being brave like that can be hard. The good news is that behavioral science is figuring out an unexpected trick can use to overcome the fear and uncertainty that. Come with big changes in life. Events is a practice so powerful that nasa and other speech programs around the world have employed it for decades. It's also a strategy. The earthbound folks like us can use to feel a little bit more in control when the going. It's tough but be forewarned. The strategy we're about to share might look a little bit more like hokey superstitions. Then.
"yuri gagarin" Discussed on The Happiness Lab with Dr. Laurie Santos
"yuri gagarin" Discussed on Citation Needed
"You have better french pronunciation than me. The thank you. John are not eek in crest ultimately adjusted the rule. So that all of your res records would still count. That's such a dick move though before they did that like he literally orbited the planet in a missile and got back alive and some french guys reading the inside of the board game box being that the free parking. It's just a free scott. They had changed the rules to tell a guy who fought not seasons that have go to fourth grade. I read guy. They've come to make that call just surrendered. Onsite all right now. Of course. This was a huge. Pr coup for the soviet government. There was a very clear race between them in the us to reach this milestone and they won by a lot. They celebrated the accomplishment with the biggest parade. The nation had seen since the end of the second world war. Yuri was an international celebrity as well traveling to thirty countries in the year following his first flight on the list of countries by berry conspicuously does not include the us where president john f kennedy barred garen from visiting due to his overwhelming. Popularity is by all accounts. The international celebrity and the touring schedule made something of a chubby drunk. Out of him he all. He's still international celebrity. That's right we australia now. That being said he was still an integral part of the soviet space program. He was ultimately named the backup for soyuz one and giving us unique experience in his relationship with the mission pilot vladimir komarov given the job of actually relaying information from ground control. Unfortunately for most of what the garen had relay was of the. Oh fuck variety come roth's capsules. Parachutes failed to open an it. Crash landed and come was killed instantly. Both want to turn in my report does thirteen fourteen as i'm not sure mentioned en ville in the show we're all right but after that the soviet government barred from having any involvement in any future spaceflight. They recognize the pr disaster. It would be the hero of the soviet union meditate like kolmogorov so they gave him a nice cushy job at a desk with nice rounded corners. They wouldn't even let the motherfucker pilot aircraft anymore. It actually didn't sit. Well was yuri. He wanted to risk his life. He was that kind of fucking guy. He pushed hard against it. He understood that there was nothing was going to do to get back in space but he figured he could at least still pilot aircraft. Eventually he managed to talk the powers that be into reversing at least that decision and he was reinstated to fly in february of nineteen sixty eight barely a month later well on a routine training flight. Gagarin's plane went down in bad weather. He and the flight instructor accompanying him were both in the way down his yup. It's fourteen fourteen. So you're is. Death was as mysterious as it was tragic and there have been conspiracy theories about it in russia. Adversary interesting so there was a second place involved somehow in the crash and even today the name of bat plane's pilot has never been really shocking shock. George bush thanks to you know so a lot of people actually suspected of ordering the death after wearing the garden was overshadowing him at public events and that would not actually be out of character for president of still the consensus to the extent that there is one is that it was a tragic accident that likely stemmed from the soviet tendency to classify did not need to be fucking classified so much so that to classified planes might have been crossing through the same place at the same time so now guardians been given basically every award the soviet government and the russian government that preceded it had to offer and in-depth he was memorialized around the world and given that it was eureka garen. He's also been memorialized off the world in nineteen sixty-nine neil armstrong and buzz aldrin placed memorial medal commemorating good garden and calmer of on the surface of the moon allegedly. Don't you know if you had to summarize what you've learned in one sentence. What would it be currently ask. Are you ready for the quiz. All right now. A little known fact. Yuri brought his favorite snack onto the shuttle with him. What is the name of that snack. A just one m only good signature sea air all right all right no longer. Swedish fish right just based solely on how proud you were of yourself going into it. I'm going to have to go with a just one all right. What the soviets lacked in resources or expertise they made up or in disdain for human life and sheer balls so which of the below is a real soviet era military project. oh jesus christ. The combat mole a combat land submarine the earth and mountains. Instead of sea. They made one it worked and subsequently exploded. Nice be the hovercraft tank a tank that find the answer the question what if tanks floated kind of see the soviet laser pistol which was less of a laser more of a really bright flash ball that you pointed at your enemies while fighting them in space he five five progress t which was a tank with a jet engine on the face of it. Out of a gun. Amazing clear landmines by huffing and puffing and glover. Oh god i should point out that the last person to die the russian space program. Nine thousand nine hundred seventy one so slightly ever so slightly rejected premise. But all of these are amazing. Something secret answer e. They hated every they haven't had a death. Since nineteen seventy-one that's the last the last death in the russian space loosened that are only three point. Two percent yeah could. The reason is because the space shuttle was a stupid fucking idea and we killed a lot of people before we were willing to admit that more question for you know what was five foot to yuri gagarin's nickname in flight. School a high chair force. A pastic fifteen teeny little see small timid or or d sawed off. Top gun alright. Those are all phenomenal as come to expect. But i've got a like. I gotta throw my love towards be f. Fifteen sorry it saw topgun close close regardless was going to be the winner that was spread. All right well tom. You're doing it next week. All right well for thomason eli. I'm heath thanks for hanging out with us today. We're back next week and by then. Tom will be an expert on something else between now and then for thomas salon cognitive dissonance and you can hear illinois and myself on god off movies skating atheist skeptic crap and minus. And if you'd like to haggle.
"yuri gagarin" Discussed on Citation Needed
"But we won't be able to talk to you. Midflight got going to be. Yeah man. I think it's space like you're on your own no matter who have a problem right base. We're not here to help. Okay right right now but keep in mind that they're the ones steering his fucking ship so little ground we yeah. Podcast is non did it. What do people think he did. This crazy crazy people all right so after training regiment that he later compared to training for the olympics. The day of the launch arrives april twelfth of nineteen sixty one sixty years in two days ago the day before the whole launch assembly that is the six ballistic missiles that have been strapped together with a tiny little house on top wielded physician visually inspected and they chose nine seven as time nine seven. Why not nine o'clock. Let's see this out and john wasn't seeing value whose lyrics that just doesn't flow. This stupidest son over africa would be ideal at that moment for them to calibrate their instruments. Anyway but that warning yuri was visibly scared shitless. He was examined by a doctor. Prior to the flight who later recalled quote garen looked more pale than usual more russian. Yeah right exactly. Yeah so fucking sheet continuing the quote. He was unsociable and quiet which was not like him at all. He would answer by nodding or short. Yes to all questions. Sometimes he would start humming some tunes. This was a different garen. We geared him up and hugged. And i said yuri everything will be fine. And he nodded back and then he blinked out. Helped me and more could demonstrate ever. Oh you i'll tell you what then doc. Why don't you get on top of the. I'll give you a hug and tell ground control right. So one of the unknown variables here is weightlessness. So okay so a lot of people get this roy. You're not weightless in space because there's no gravity out there you're weightless because you're in orbit. Technically orbit is just a very stylish form of falling so the appearance of weightlessness comes from the same place. It comes from when a person skydives. You're already going the same speed as gravity would pull you. Acceleration undergrad delight. Your time but at the time they didn't know what that would do to the human body there was fear for example that it would deform the shape of your eyes and would be temporarily or even permanently blinded if you were up there too long There was a fear that it would fuck with circulation of your blood. Make you pass out. And there was a list concerns like that a mile. Fuck and long so the solution that the russians came up with was a fully automated system that would be controlled by people on the ground so again the vast majority of gutierrez job really was just not die. Okay don't worry about it if you're is explode. We got your shift covered. Your is just like seems like we could do a run of this. We hear me out without me. I love maybe. I hear americans doing a month. Alexa dearly overestimating the value of individual soviet. Lives like the people who just wanna war. They should not have won by just throwing human kindling on top of fire until they smothered screens. Just didn't they lie about that dog. They sent like space and then they pretended that didn't get burned up by some like super hot. Yeah there were like no. He was very very hot farm very clearly. Good says going to be a long long time all right so so. They took the guard into the ship about ten minutes after seven. Am and then he would sit there for what had to be the longest two hours in the history of any goddamn bodies life while they run all their systems checks and everything but somehow he managed to stay calm throughout his medical data is still available and apparently his post never win above sixty four. Th minute it's impressive. Right mind went over that reading about this looked at my fitbit. My heart rate hit a hundred eighteen opening a can of pringles to all right so the main engine fired at nine. Oh seven and yuri famously shouted instead of the affirmative or whatever. He showed kelly. Which i i've seen that translated a half dozen but it basically means like let's do this shit Okay it was bad. It was a very common expression that means like let's roll and it reassured the soviet propaganda machine that they had chosen to right guy. Okay moscow nine seven yellow. You're fired vote getter done. Yeah so three minutes later. The payload shroud fell away and uncovered a window at kearns feet. Yes the unlike the americans they thought of putting a window in the first one he reported quote. I can see the earth. The visibility is good. I almost see everything and quote in all the mission lasted one hour and forty eight minutes long enough for your ready to complete a single full orbit of the planet. The retro rockets fired perfectly. Which is fucking awesome because based on the orbital path he was on there is no goddamn way he would have come down in ten after the retro fire the reentry module which they call the little ball separated from the main ball. We'll put so. Here's the thing that separates in the main module or at least it was supposed to a bundle of wires failed to separate and caused a whole contraption gyrate like how old way down before they broke way now the the reentry module was a little ball so that i didn't fuck up anything except for the g. forces that that garen felt on the way down but somehow despite eight to ten g manage to stay conscious holy shit okay but did he put his hands in the air. Because it doesn't i just care was on fire all right so the main parachute deployed at ten fifty five. Am ten minutes later. Garen was safely on the ground and well. This is the bill so goddamn much. This is so. Ussr the only witnesses to the event where a farmer and his daughter who just watched a giant metal ball. Descend from the heavens now. Needless to say butte pops out in a spacesuit freedom the fuck out but what he called the down told him he was a russian dude. It was a problem and he has the where the nearest telephone was. Because that was their goddamn react when you land find a chart three stooges shit trying to get his spacesuit into the phone turns inside all so many puckett's put non for change and the no there was actually so mystery about the landing for awhile so the soviet government was concerned that yuri's records might not count because at the time the world's governing body for setting standards and keeping records for aircraft required to the pilot land with their vehicle right. So you're rejected from the main vehicle in parachuted down the landing module a fact that they just it they didn't fess up about that in fact until they launched bostock to and had to kind of let the world see how they did it because the us had already done that so ultimately the.
"yuri gagarin" Discussed on Citation Needed
"On cash for the projects be said the ballsy fucked out from all accounts. It seems like this from the beginning job was yours to lose during the training. There were several points where each candidate would be asked to secretly vote for the person other than themselves that they thought was most qualified. Bukharan one all of those votes by wide margins and on april ninth of nineteen sixty. The head of cosmonaut training made it official eureka guard would be the first man in space or he would blow them. Were maybe both. Yeah yeah unannounced fuse up there alone shadows john but before we find out. We're gonna take a quick break for some apropos of nothing. So what guys think they want. I don't know maybe they're going to limit the number down again. It's about fucking time. I hope they get rid of buke tube over here right do your we get. Hey hey i ever told you guys about the time. I fought a bunch of you. Have your yup. okay moved out again just in gays. Anyone hasn't so there i am. I'm nine years old notch. Yes yes writing. I have gone over to secret ballots for who you'd most like to see. Launched into space and yuri your comrades have chosen you for every poll each and every also you will be the first cosmonaut in the atmosphere kia. You guys love me the way. I'm sorry sir. Are you saying that when you asked who we wanted launched into space humans. Literally because like. That's the mission that's right. That's what was on the ballot. Yes oh any chance. I could vote again just in case new information. You're volt there is an only for that comrade. It's obvious your ears the man for the job. Hey hey we're gonna miss you most of all enjoy space and we're back and we left off. It was almost zero our nine. Am was already done all right okay. So a quick word on. How stupid fucking dangerous this was. I mean all of have been alive long enough to see that blowing up as an occupational hazard for astronauts right the last major accident we had in the. Us was in two thousand three with space program that was four decades old. And then sop allegedly rachel even today. The fatality rate of astro slash cosmonauts is three point two percent about one out of every thirty three people who has ever tried to go to space died during that trip. And it's not like this ever started at peak safety rightly by nineteen hundred sixty one. Russia launched twenty four spacecraft. Twelve of them blew up on the launch pads in soviet russia coin flips. You looked at the plan. That's rocket and i would literally have preferred a wylie. Coyote drawing garden seriously. Missile with some barrows down at end of the ride. I'm pretty sure they drew a latin people. He's put the picture in the show notes and he is really looks like that. They didn't even get a guy who could draw not really all right. So here's so seriously. Rocket goes like real. And then you just you got to side like interim look use it as the show for for the episode. Just soda image in you will see how fucking amazing which optic freelancing. It's hastily drawn on the back of a napkin really. Looks like a back of a nasa guy right before the really where to send somebody to the space meaning was just doing coke and drinking a bunch of the bar and being like no no. I'm going to spaceflight drawing on this napkin ahead of russian space originally put now. Here's the most fucked up part blowing up on the launch pad was actually one of the best worst case scenarios. Right because like in that instance. It's like five four three debt. You don't even know too is busy is space like there are all kinds of worse ways to go. Take for example the retro rock okay so the spacecraft that is going to be in the vostok one doesn't have a lot of rocket power of its own it's being strapped on the top of a rocket as a rocket under it that has four rockets strapped to okay no zammit. So but that's how the rocket is fucking power to have the spacecraft's power. It has a couple of little thrusters to keep the spin under control itself. But its main thruster. Is this retro rocket and that has just enough to slow a spacecraft out and up so that it will fall back to earth but because of weight constraints there is no backup on that su what fails to fire. He keeps orbital infinite. No they put a ten day supply of food and water on board with him in the hopes. That should the retro rockets fail. The natural degradation of its orbit would bring him down within like a week and a half or so but again as was chosen. Because that's how much weight they not. That's how we wait the day before like m. on breeding these fucking cliff bars to go asshole list rope to no good major problem world cup here. Wait lists by actually comfortable. I like google from minor problem of communication should. We didn't exactly have the level of international cooperation in space. Bite that we have come to expect today in later Missions the soviets would keep planes in the air all around the world so they communicate directly with the cosmonauts. But you're east case. They were just relying on ground stations. And all of those ground stations were located in the ussr. That meant bray substantial chunk of his journey. He was just on his. Oh okay we're going to shoot you out of this canon.
"yuri gagarin" Discussed on Monocle 24: The Curator
"As you went over you might have a big crater or rock or something in front of you and so it was fun and 'bout the rover was really fun to be on. You spoke earlier about being a bit. Reluctant to ponder. I guess the philosophical unquantifiable while attempting to do your job and i know it's something people have looked for a lot i think in the astronauts who went to the moon and came back. Did you between you figure out something. The rest of us haven't figured out. I know you of course became a christian in nineteen seventy two i think if i recall rightly after returning from the moon or some years after returning from the moon did the experience of going. They're coming back seeing the earth by itself hanging in space. Did any part of that change the way you looked at the universe. Not at the time. Jim irwin was a committed christian when he went he quoted script your own room pol eight the first tv show from the moon. As they. on christmas eve they quoted from genus they read from genesis of buzz aldrin had community christian communion on the moon. So that was some spiritual side of some of these lights put in my case in john's case it wasn't it was i guess when i got back a lot of had this problem of well. I'm thirty six years of climbed to the top of my ladder and thanks ought to be great but but i had this no peace. There was a drive in my side. What are you going to do now with the rest of your life and unfortunately like a lot of us. we started. Having marriage problems. That was very difficult on the families. And so my wife. And i were in serious trouble. marriage wise and so three years later. We realized that something's got a. She realized something's going to happen. And well she said. I tried everything. But god said god if you realize give you my life if you're not i give i wanna die. Well i watch your change. In two months and two and a half years later after we'd left nasa I had a similar experience Where i realized you know this is really true. And so i said lord. I give you my life and that gave me peace for the very first And it gave me a a more wonderful perspective of the universe. Just a final question. It goes back to the events of fifty years ago next month. When you briefly. Had i think what must have been the most famous speaking voice in the world as capcom talking to apollo eleven listening to it again which which i did a few days ago. You do sound actually remarkably calm. I did want to ask the gino. How tight the fuel situation was with eagle landed. We did we first. All we had some real problems with a computer computer overloads. And when i saw those alarms and i said well we're dead in the water. We got a report but mitch. The mission control team the flight controller. That was in charge of the computer. New we're go flight and so i holler go but that started raising the tension in mission control so by the time we got down to the last three or four hundred feet one hundred meters so we were getting very low on fuel. We had a reserve of four percent. If i recall and so when we got as we approach set four percent reserve we would allow the crew of no uk. You got sixty seconds to lan then. I called thirty seconds to land and they still weren't on the ground but they were close and thirteen seconds. Later i heard mos- aldrin's say contact engine stop and so and you can imagine the tension in mission control at that point. I don't think i can i. I've been in mission control politician. There for thirteen and seventeen is back up. Never felt anything like this anyway. They were on the ground. And i might sound calm. But i wasn't calm. I mean it was holding your breath. And so when i when neil i heard neil say houston tranquility base here. The eagle has landed. I just gave this big saw relief. And i said roger we copy on the ground you got a bunch of guys about to turn blue. We're breathing again. And that was the truth. I mean i didn't make that up. It was a big sal relief. And it's like popping a balloon you know this about the purse and and his tension just drain out of the room and it was great. Elation that was charlie duke lunar module pilot of the police sixteen in compensation with monaco's andrew. And that's all we've got time for on this special edition of the curator. The show was produced by collateral. Bella.
"yuri gagarin" Discussed on Monocle 24: The Curator
"Pacific and goes from essentially right the way down to the northern tip of antarctica racing into a fast motion sunset. Much of the time. He's also out of radio contact with the ground so he is alone above the earth looking at splendour and describing the radiant light of the sun unfiltered by the atmosphere as it slides across his portholes. It is an incredible moment in all history and is the first for anyone to experience this. But he's still has to come down. His orbit is announced on the radio. Because it's already happened is up there. This is the first time his wife discovers he's up that own that day and the rest of his family have no idea that he's even a training for this and it on the radio on that day and of course the terror is. He's an soviets is celebrating but the family now he still has to come. The coming down is just extraordinarily dramatic because something goes horribly wrong and he is incredibly lucky to survive it too. I mean it's an incredibly dramatic moment and we know about it because you're garin gave a secret briefing which was recorded the day after which was classified decades by soviets and by the russians which describes asleep what really when roll anyway he lands by parachute not inside his capsule and he lands in a potato field. And there's an old lady there and there is a way of course and there is an old lady there her daughter and looking at this man landing by parachute an aren spacesuit run away i mean there's no one else to meet him and he washes up to them and he says help help. I'm safe. i'm i'm not on soviet comrades and they come.
"yuri gagarin" Discussed on Monocle 24: The Curator
"Soviets who don't need to worry about cushion in the same way i watching. They can read everything. It's there in the new york. Times i read all the new york. Times is for that period. Everything is laid out. All the hesitations over towns are laid out and the architect of the space essentially the whole the did not the whole space but did missile program. The man who i was responsible to send the first soviet satellite sputnik space the first dog into space. This guy is called sergei korolyov. Is the secret genius in the soviet union behind or this incredible cartoon. Big carter in my book. He's actually dying at this time. And he's he's had great visions. Ever since charles and his mom used to read him stories about flying around the world magic competence looking down on the earth. And so this guy. All he wants is to be in space but he congo himself but he wants to send younger cosmonauts to do what he could not do itself. He is so secret that the cia never find out his identity in his lifetime and this guy has a wife who is an english translator. She's reading everything to him and he realizes that their own program need to speed up. They've got the gap. It's not much of a cup. It may be days in maybe a couple of weeks and his two years of hard work but there is a gap so we know what happened next. Because i have access in the book to a secret direst a guy who was the head of cosmonaut training who is secretly and illegally recording events on a diary every night about everything that was happening at highest level in the space program during the dates incredible. It's like having a documentary instincts. And kind of their. This is a fly on the wall. Right in the center of the epicenter of all of these key events and this guy is writing and his daughter. We are accelerating. We not even going to test things. We we're just gonna go for this in a very shy so they basically pump up very very quickly whether the americans also delaying hesitating which would which way we're gonna go should we shouldn't we and orlando. They pump to very very quick succession flights which basically dress rehearsal the first human flight once round the earth landing back on soviet soil in each case they put in the council. They put a dog again. Because it can't get away from these dogs and also a cosmonaut real won a dummy dressed in a spacesuit called ivan vitchers john smith and they put in the cosmonauts stomach a tape recorder which broadcast.
"yuri gagarin" Discussed on Science Talk
"What exactly were the challenges. The challenges with physiological and psychological the physiological challenges some of which had been kind of looked at and dealt with the some of the animal flights. They do it. Should writer the book with dogs in soviet union and with monkeys. And then finally your chimpanzee called ham in the united states but what actually they didn't really was what a human physiology would do in that environment. So you're talking about are unbelievable first of all acceleration forces in a rocket. Nobody let's get really clear from the beginning. Nobody had sat on top of a nuclear missile replacing the nuclear bomb and then firing it upwards nobody and this particular missile. The seven was the biggest missile in the world. It was much bigger than any missile. The americans had it was powerful enough to fly from kazakhstan to new york with a nuclear weapon. Top of it. It was astonishingly radically advanced for its time and no human had sound top one with a million pounds of thrust and lit the fuse and see what happens so they didn't know i mean it could blow up straight on part it could be that the physiological experiences the actual acceleration g forces could be too much for a body to withstand and once this rocket and actually got into orbit and the capsule was there. Nobody knew what weightlessness would do to a human body. There were real fears that a human wouldn't be able to breathe properly even of slim knocks genetic atmosphere that a human being wouldn't be able to swallow for example that weightlessness do really really strange things to the heart. They wouldn't beat properly. Nobody knew because nobody experience weightlessness of any kind for more than a few seconds in one of these airplanes simulated weightlessness parabolas. They kept flying but that was any for about twenty seconds. This is going to be much much longer than that so they just did not. They would tremendous concerns about how he'd get down again. Everybody knew that a capsule returning through atmosphere would build up. Massive amounts of friction for temperatures would reach fifteen hundred degrees centigrade. Even more you know would it away would whatever protection he had in the form of heat shield or in the design of the cops in itself. Would it work. Would he burn up as he came down in. Would that be a problem. And then beyond all of those problems. There was as i said the psychological problem and the psychological problems basically boiled down to very simple sentence or other very simple question but with on simple answer. Would he go insane which he cannot in space because the real fair and it was a real fear at that time and they were. There was psychological text books that were written about something called space horror. Was that the first human being divorced from the planet below divorce from life all life as we know it voice for all of that sailing alone and this is ultimate learned in there so isolation in the vacuum of space in his little sphere might go mad so they had to think about that too and what they thought about. As i described my book was a very soviet response. They decided that fight will be completely automated so the guy. I wouldn't have to do anything at all inside it except essentially endure it. Whatever endure actually meant but they then decide to the last moment if actually something did go wrong and he needed to take manual control. Then how are they going to let him have my new control and they came up this extraordinary solution which is just utterly mad where they basically had a three digit code which you pressed on her the kind of thing you haven't hotel safe on the side of his capsule you press these three numbers which i think the one to five economists in the book and that would unlock the manual controls but then they wanted that he might go so crazy that he might just do that anyway take control and knows what he'll do destroy himself defect to america in his spacecraft proper discussions took place literally a few days before he flew and in the end what they decided to do was to put the code in an envelope and steal the envelope and blew it somewhere in the lining of the inside of his space craft the idea being somehow this is crazy logic is not even logic that if he was able to find it open it read the code and press the correct numbers than he won't be insane and that was seriously discussed in a state commission of the top politicians kgb people and space engineers one week before year ago influenced base. Everything here is a first. everything is an unknown. Nobody's done it before. Nobody and what increases not feeling of isolation that would make the possibility of insanity a real one. Why they were so frightened was because they didn't have reliable radio communications with the ground. They didn't have what the mercury astronauts would have which was a chain of stations basically circling the globe where they would always have somebody to talk to. And we're very used to the moon landings and all those communications beaks on the even with the policy t in the one that went wrong. There was communicating with mission control in houston but for good guarantees flight. I would say a substantial part of his flight. I'm not sure. Viewed actually say the majority acer substantial part with flight hidden. Nobody's talked to accept a microphone with a tape recorder. That was installed inside his cabin. And as i say in the book who install the tape and the tape recorder didn't put enough tape in so he ran out halfway around the world and he sat there made probably one of the few independent decisions that he made in the cabinet that vostok spacecraft which was to rewind the tape to the beginning and then record of everything he just said. This is the first mine space. And that's what happened. So this is this is. You can't really make this stuff up. Although the radio communication with the first human who stepped beyond our planet involved a few words what. We know for instance. What that you're is first spoken words were the earth is blue. How wonderful stephen includes part of the transcript of the tape that you re recorded during orbit as he looked out of the portola his capsule quote the earth was moving to the left then upwards than to the right and downwards i could see the horizon the stars the sky garin said i could see the very beautiful horizon i see the curvature of the earth you've heard from steven walker filmmaker and author of beyond the astonishing story of the first humans. Leave our planet and journey into space. His book is on sale. Starting today you can get it through harpercollins publisher or wherever you buy your books. For more information visit stephen walker beyond dot com. That was signed stock. And this is your host buckingham. Thank you for listening..
"yuri gagarin" Discussed on Science Talk
"A tiny capsule on top of a ballistic. Missile originally designed to carry a warhead capsule was blasted into orbit circling the earth at a speed of about three hundred miles per minute. Ten times faster than a rifle. Bullet accounts vary on exactly how long geren spent orbiting our blue planet before he reentered the atmosphere hurtling towards earth. Gravity bradley pulling him in some say it was one hundred eight minutes stephen walker my guest today in the author of a new book on garin historic feet in the world had happened puts it at one hundred and six. Give or take a few minutes. That's based venture aboard vostok one orbiting the earth at a maximum altitude of roughly two hundred miles and putting the first man in space still said the record for space achievement. It's sparked a space race between the us and russia that eight years later. Put other men on the moon for that. Small step. Hailed as giant leap. It said there garin was sold a love song as his capsule prepared for launch. One man five feet five in an orange spacesuit strapped into a seat inside a capsule attached to a modified are seven the world's first intercontinental ballistic missile. One hundred six minutes or one hundred eight man's first pilgrimage around on the planet weaken home a solitary journey that is still celebrated as you mental and game changing sixty years on the suspect in. You're listening to science. And today my guess. Stephen walker and i will talk about a legendary astronaut and his super-secret space mission. The changed everything came across a book that was written by guy called suvorov mentioned in my book who had kept a diary a secret diary of the secret soviet space program which he was filming from about nineteen fifty nine right the way through into the sixties and it was fascinating because it was so secret that he wasn't even a tell his wife what he was doing. He was away filming all this stuff and he says in his diet is like science fiction. It was just so incredible. What was happening in secret. And i thought to myself i wanna find the footage because if i can find that footage which is apparently starting color and on thirty five millimeter i can up read that footage and turn it into a theatrical feature fill which gives you the insides image the inside site into this incredible first step to space to the beyond feel like that was stephen walker british director and york times. Bestselling author of shockwave countdown. To hear a shema. And this was his attempt to dust off decades old footage showing months of preparation to put a soviet citizen into orbit before the americans seen traveled to russia. Track down eyewitnesses. Who worked at the top secret rocket site and then. Ussr showed the interviews in high definition and gathered some raw never before seen insider material shot between nineteen fifty nine sixty one that he describes as pristine but he couldn't get access to the rest of the footage. What he had was great but wasn't enough for a full feature film so instead he wrote a book it's called beyond and is published by harpercollins. Says steven you're actually you one of those people who wrote a book and look down. It was incredibly exciting away but it was weird because all this other stuff going outside. And i didn't see it really uncles. I did see it but when people talk about corona for me at that point i wasn't thinking about the corona virus i think about the corona spy satellite system that the americans had nine hundred sixty one which i talk about in my book where was spying on secret. Soviet missile complex. I was in a different one. I was literally in one thousand nine hundred sixty one and i was also in two thousand and twenty it was. It was a really weird experience but you began weaving the aren't for that story back in twenty twelve. What i did is. I did three trips to russia on twenty twenty one and twenty thirteen. I want another twenty four. Zero twenty fifty. The last one was actually a short trip to some petersburg where i met this incredible couple. Things is wonderful about the soviet space program at that time was actually very unlike nasa. How real problem about women anywhere near nasa. Actually women aren't even allowed in the launch blockhouses at cape canaveral in nineteen sixty one new forbidden to go in them. Even there's one woman. I actually a wonderful woman. I interviewed. Could joanne morgan. He was the only woman engineer. A of all of them in the kind of in basically in the launch sensor at kennedy space center in nine hundred sixty nine for the only ones one woman and everybody else's guy and back in sixty one she was telling me over crab cocktails in cape canaveral. You know she was actually not even allowed in the north block cast. She was forbidden to go in was actually in the. Us assaults enough. It wasn't like that. And i interviewed. This couple called vladimir and cuna chris kid and they're in my book and they were wonderful has been wife in that kind of eighties and the entertainment. This wonderful little soviet-style flattened some petersburg and told me glorious stories about how they were both telemetry engineers that move there with their child to this weird place in the middle of kazakhstan step with new rocket. Cosmodrome was being built. And they actually working right at the epicenter off the soviet space program and for that much of the soviet missile program and these were the glory days it was quite incredible thing to talk to them both about and they were there when garin lunch with all of stuff they were that all the way through. It was wonderful because we were so russian. We ended up sitting drinking vodka to four talk in the morning. I interviewed him on camera. This guy had actually out to chalk that rappers from ferrara russia chocolates had constructed a two meter high replica of the r seven rocket that took eureka into space and it was in his sitting room. It was credible. And kinda fell in love with these people and i also fell. I want to tell the stories because they just aren't being heard nobody ever. It's all moon moon luna luna and that's great. Don't get me wrong it's really important. It's landmark. it's all that i get it. This is amazing story and these amazing stories. That people don't know about and they are really exciting and really dramatic and really touching and really moving and really e-p-o-c-h changing.
"yuri gagarin" Discussed on This Day in History Class
"Listening today. And we'll see you again tomorrow..
SpaceX makes history with first fully operational mission
"News this week Ever since Russian Yuri Gagarin became the first man in space in 1961. Government built spaceships and national space programs have been the on leeway. Astronauts have been able to reach the final frontier. But that changed on Sunday when NASA successfully sent four astronauts to the international space Station on the space X Dragon capsule created by Elon Musk. It was the first privately owned spacecraft used by NASA to send a crew to space. This launch was a giant leap for the private space industry and points us toward a future where space travel may no longer be reliant on the government. It's
The First Spacewalk - March 18, 1965
"Hi Everyone I'm eaves and you're listening to this day in History Class. A podcast where we build the time machine and all you have to do is hop. Today IS MARCH. Eighteenth Twenty twenty. The day was March. Eighteenth nineteen sixty five so viet cosmonaut. Alexey Leonov became the first person to go. On a spacewalk spacewalk is one in astronaut leaves their spacecraft to a tether it's called EDA which stands for extra vehicular activity. Alexi Leonov served as a fighter pilot in the nineteen fifties by nine hundred sixty. He had been chosen as one of the first twenty cosmonauts for the Soviet space program and was training to take his first spaceflight. The Soviet Union launched the first person to space when Yuri Gagarin's made an orbital flight. And His boss doc wine spacecraft in nineteen sixty one the. Soviet program launched is first mission on October twelfth. Nineteen sixty four. Both hide one was the first to carry more than one crew person into space. It was also the first mission to carry an engineer and a physician into space hot. Too launched just months later on March eighteenth nineteen sixty five it carried to people commander Pal Bouillon and pilot Alexi. Leonov it was Leonov's first spaceflight and billiards first and only spaceflight the hard three K. D. space craft had an extendable airlock that allowed enough to go out into space without having to evacuate the main cabin air about an hour and a half after lines billions of open the outer airlock and Leonov walked out into space. Attached to tether his spacewalk lasted for about twelve minutes. A camera mounted on the airlock recorded the spacewalk. It was reported that Leonov's body temperature jumped about three point two degrees Fahrenheit or one point eight degrees Celsius twenty minutes and he was close to having a heat stroke. His spacesuit was full of sway. Though the spacewalk went relatively smoothly Leonov had difficulty reentering. The capsule the pressure difference between the air and his spacesuit and the vacuum of space expanded and stiffened his spacesuit that made it to big heart to fit back into the airlock so Leonov opened a valve to release oxygen and depressurize his suit. He was then able to fit back into the space craft but he did start to feel some of the effects of decompression thickness namely the sensation of pens and needles. The crew. Hit another snag when objecting inflatable airlock. Which sent the spacecraft into a Spin? Oxygen levels also began to climb which came with the risk of explosion. On top of this the automatic guidance system for re entry malfunctioned. They had to turn off the automatic landing program and instead conduct re entry and landing manually. The ended up off course and the orbital module did not separate from the landing module. They landed in snow in a forest in Siberia. The
"yuri gagarin" Discussed on The Daily Zeitgeist
"Now. Here's some footage of ladimir putin's scoring hockey goals national goal and now that pigeon pigeon that saluted putin five hours on a loop a shit so we still don't know anything yeah but the thing is it does really smack of <hes> in the sense that it's you're talking about a overly ambitious government project and they seem to be cutting corners in their development process to bring like their new war toy to market as soon as possible check because a lot of analysts who work in these kind of propulsion systems are like they were like very surprised that the russians were even testing it yet right. They're like this is such a very. It's gonna take a while to really dial in out of a nuclear reactor on a missile to fuel it and keeping that stable while being able to do all this other shit. They're just basically saying like. I don't know that seemed a little too quick for them to just start testing it and the oh the fsr s._r. with yellow yellow and then again. Do you have the scientists who are behind it. Those are like the first five casualties rail were like i think blown out into into the water or something it was it seems like that their death was much more right violent than died though think about how fun it would have been when they were blown out under the wall on an impromptu waterpark exactly to get an idea of russia's general ethos when it comes to technological advances just read up on like what the space race was like for for them. They're just like basically like firing people in the general direction of the moon hoping they got there and you're just like there's like all this audio that has leaked out since then people just dying horribly like as they like you know just the rocket explodes the rocket like heats up and like they just bacon side of it. Some people like crashed into siberia and then were like had to fight off wolves for like days. It didn't some italian ham radio operators the cure some oh yeah yeah yeah yeah so yuri gagarin's and i believe butchery and the russian is the first guy to made it back which is which is weird about that because that's a hell of a strick intimate right. I'm the first man in space beam who made it didn't melt great it yeah but they will just low their finest scientific minds on a very important project or a project. That's important to their dear leader well speaking of russia. Let's talk briefly. Let's get a couple updates about jeffrey epstein. The i feel like people and you know this is a constant constant refrain from me but i think people were misquoting joe scarborough in the aftermath of the suicide air quotes. It's like this really smacks of. Russia and people are like thinks russia. Did it and it's like no. This is just how things happen. Russia guy who knows stuff is in prison is and then suddenly he's dead and that's just a man he had this wild allergic reaction is maybe the food yeah anyways leela. We just fell in a bunch of these weird umbrellas that had poison on him. I can't believe he wanted to give themselves so much that he shot himself twice in the back of the head and put himself in a duffel bag and then jumped in a tub of acid right like you know he had his mindset one heck of a rube goldberg sure what have we learned since we first brought up this story a few days back the daily mail found ghislaine maxwell i the one thing thing we haven't learned is how to pronounce that well we did pull up like a french pronunciation video and it was like gives gives gives lon maxwell colleges lane ages land. She's been feeling inside a mansion in boston <hes> with her boyfriend and since the story two broke open wide..
"yuri gagarin" Discussed on KTRH
"By the end of as John F. Kennedy famously said in his speech the decade he spoke seven years earlier September of nineteen sixty two in rice stadium go back and watch that speech everybody's in full suit course it was mostly pre air conditioning or for many many places it was still pretty air conditioning so they were used to being a hot John F. Kennedy with the sun in his face gives what I think is one of the finest beaches you ever delivered which came to be known as the we choose to go to the moon speech he was in town to support the Apollo program he had put his vice president Lyndon Johnson in charge of figuring out a project they could demonstrate to the world Yuri Gagarin might have been in space before we were but that we could accomplish something great and that was putting a man on the moon and returning him safely which on this day fifty years ago we did I still love to hear that speech from John F. Kennedy all the eyes of the world now look into space to the moment end of the planets beyond and we have about that we shall not see it governed all right out I didn't realize we had that much of it I don't want to cut the the speech short so we'll start the next segment with that with that gives me a good opportunity I'm sure there are some people in our audience we are so blessed if you think about the resources we have living where we live the people in our community who have done amazing things I'll bet you there's somebody out there in our audience right now who worked on that Apollo mission on that fateful amazing incredible joyous day fifty years ago today was in the room pushing the buttons.
"yuri gagarin" Discussed on TechStuff
"I talked about the re entry process in the lab. Episode. So I'm not going to go over it again here because it was the same for each of the mercury missions to slow down enough so that the parachutes deploy once you hit certain altitudes and then he would land in the water and wait to get picked up. Now. It's basically it the first of the six manned mercury flights happened on may fifth nineteen sixty one. The final one happened on may fifteenth nineteen sixty three during that time. What was happening over at the Soviet Union. While in the last episode I talked about the Vostok one mission with your e which was again that first space mission to put a human into orbit that have been in April nineteen sixty one a month before the first manned mercury mission. Then the Americans held their first sub orbital manned flight, which was partially piloted by the astronaut inside the spacecraft. So that was a little bit of a one up on the Soviets in that respect because Yuri didn't control the spacecraft of the Vostok one that was completely under automatic control on August sixth nineteen sixty one a few months later, the. Vostok two launched into space with the then twenty five year old cosmonaut Gehrmann Titov. He spent more than a day orbiting the earth. He was out in space orbiting the earth for more than twenty four hours. That was something that the Americans would not be able to match for nearly two years. His spacecraft orbited, the earth seventeen times during the amount of time he was out in space and like your e Titov was inside a Vostok three k. a spacecraft. It was called the Vostok too, but its classification was Vostok three k. a. the crew compartment was essentially a sphere as the same as as Yuri Gagarin's. This connected to an equipment module that was more conical in shape. Imagine that in the previous episode to that in turn connected to the rocket engines. The length of the mission was a matter of hot scientific debate before the launch of the Lostock to how long should this mission be? The Russians had experimented with dogs aboard, a spacecraft that had made six orbits of the. Earth and during those experiments, the dogs had experienced convulsions. So though Soviets weren't sure. Maybe if you stayed in space for more than just a few orbits you might start having severe health issues. So the dog's had returned to earth alive, but it left the scientists worried that human might encounter similar problems after extended periods of weightlessness. There was also concern about where the spacecraft was going to land because each time at orbited the earth, it would actually shift the landing position for the the spacecraft. It would shift a little bit to the west. So if you did a few times, you would still be in Russia Russia's a really big country, but a few more than that and suddenly you're in Europe, and then you'd be out over the ocean, etcetera. And so you'd have to keep orbiting the earth until you had done essentially a twenty four hour stint in space before you. You were over Russia again. So the choices seemed to be either go up for a very short amount of time which was similar to what they had already done or go up for a longer time, not knowing what the effects were going to be, but you would be able to land the spacecraft back in Russia. So ultimately, they decided to go with the longer mission. Tito was given manual control of his spacecraft during the mission. So while he was in orbit, he was able to take control of this Vostok two spacecraft ground control, still maintain control the spacecraft for most of its operation. The mission did have a couple of issues. One of the was the first known instance of space sickness. This is a kind of a disoriented, nausea that can set upon an astronaut or cosmonaut Tito became nauseated shortly after the first few orbits had passed. He fell sleep after his spacecraft had made seven orbits this was planned. He was actually going. A bed and he slept for more than eight hours. But when he woke up, he reported that he still wasn't feeling great. It was only after twelve orbits that the nausea past also like the Vostok one, the Vostok too experienced problems upon reentry..
"yuri gagarin" Discussed on TechStuff
"It was the Corable Sputnik two, which in the west we call Sputnik five. That was the specific mission to carry animals into orbit and return safely and did so successfully launched August nineteenth nineteen sixty and it carried Belka and stroka two dogs. Plus it had a couple of rats in there a whole bunch of mice and some plants it completed three orbits of the earth, and then it returned safely. So everyone lived on that one. The first human flight into orbit was aboard a Vostok three k. a spacecraft which had the official name Vostok one. And I know that's confusing because the Vostok one k was a type of. Spacecraft wasn't the name. Now's the classification. The Vostok one was the name of a spacecraft, but its classification was Vostok three k. a. yet the cosmonaut aboard that flight was Yuri Gagarin and he launched into the heavens on April twelfth nineteen sixty one. He was the first of six manned flights aboard, the Vostok three k. ace spacecraft model. The sixth one of those flights actually saw Valentina Tereshkova the first woman in space. She launched on June sixteenth, nineteen, sixty three. The Vostok one spacecraft had manual pilot controls, but they were meant to be used only in the case of an emergency. The plan was that all the controls of the spacecraft would happen automatically or would be issued from ground control. And the fear was that no one was really sure what spaceflight was going to do to a person's ability to think and react. It's that same thing that the United States was trying to test with the chimpanzee. So it could be that weightlessness could cause some sort of space madness or maybe the pilot just gets disoriented to the point where that control of the spacecraft would be endanger. So the manual controls were only supposed to be activated by initiating a code sequence aboard, the space craft, and the pilot was not supposed to be told what the code was unless there was an emergency. So if it became necessary, ground control could send up a message to Yuri and say, hey, here's the code sequence you need in order to take manual control of your spacecraft. However, as it turns out, at least one person gave you the code before you haven't gotten to the capsule just in case the Vostok one would launch at six, seven AM ten minutes after launch Yuri was in orbit. He made one orbit of the earth and at seven, twenty five AM or thereabouts, his spacecraft's retro rocket fired to slow down the spacecraft enough for reentry and things went a bit scary at first, the reentry model for the Vostok. One is that fear I mentioned earlier, right? Is fear that's kind of attached to a conical base. Well, the conical basis supposed to detach from the sphere upon reentry supposed to to to separate from little explosive bolts. But that's not exactly what happened. Part of it ended up sticking to the sphere. It was strapped there. There was a bundle of wires that kept the two pieces tethered together, which complicated matters. The sphere was meant to fall in a very controlled way. But with this added weight that was tethered to it, it was causing lots of gyrations and rotations. I can't imagine what the forces felt like inside the spacecraft as it was plummeting down and turning unpredictably Yuri ended up experiencing forces around eight g. that's eight times the force of gravity. We feel here on earth, but fortunately through that process, the conical section eventually broke away and the sphere was able to. Reorient properly and at seven, fifty five. The reentry model reached the altitude of seven kilometers and Yuri ejected. His parachute deployed and he would land in Russia at eight. Oh five. About two hours after he had launched now a little less than a month after his successful flight and orbited the earth aboard the Vostok one America established a new first. Alan shepherd became the first person to actually pilot Espace craft while in space as opposed to ride in a capsule as more or less a passenger. The mission included both automatic pilot and manual control segments shepherd tested the mercury's flight controls. He was aboard a mercury capsule he tested those flight controls to make sure that the spacecraft would react in a way similar to the way they had simulated it back on earth, and he found that pretty much they reacted the same way the simulations did shepherds. Historic flight took place on maith nineteen sixty one aboard, the mercury spacecraft..