9 Episode results for "Yellowstone Yosemite"

Make It Make Census

What A Day

22:07 min | 5 months ago

Make It Make Census

"It's tuesday april twenty-seventh. I'm getting sick. And i'm aaron. Ryan infor akilah hughes in. This is what a day the daily news podcast that always ends in a contest called mortal combat. Yeah it doesn't usually make it into the show but the hosts do fight every day. Something you might not know about me is. I have four massive punching ads as show. The supreme court takes up the case of the f. School heard around the world and how it could affect free speech for students benson headlines but first the latest according to the two thousand twenty census. The number of people living in the united states was three hundred and thirty one million four hundred forty nine thousand two hundred and eighty one. That's right we're having a census party and acting director of the us. Census ron jarman dropped those numbers on us yesterday. The process was. How do i put this lightly. Troubled from the start it was done during pandemic. The last administration wanted to add citizenship. Question to the census questionnaire which got blocked by the supreme court there were pushes outright stopped the count as well. But now we're here so getting let's start with some of the biggest takeaways from the numbers that we got one of the bigger things we found out was that over the past decade. The us population grew by the slowest pace since the nineteen thirties. Just a seven point. Four percent increase the initial reasons that people had for this were attributed to lower immigration rates. Older white populations and lower birth rates in the country. And here's one kind of wild estimate that's tied to that. So there were more elderly people over the age of eighty than there are children two and younger. Plus the percentage of people sixty five and older has grown by thirty five percent and one grim note that i think people are sort of thinking about was coming out. We don't really know what sort of effect there is from the lives that we've lost to covid. Nineteen much of the movement that people made across the country and the people who passed away happen after census day last year. Wow so giddy. You're telling me that having no public health care for people no family leave. No paid leave at all for parents. Terrible elder care and draconian immigration system. Means that people aren't being born here or moving here. It's truly shocking. I know that the we're going to need to look into that. Maybe do some more research. Okay one of the other interesting things to look out of course was where people grabbed a u. haul and moved what jumped out there so kind of looked a trend that has been happening for a few years now. At least There were bigger population growth. In america south and west in the northeast and midwest like for instance. Utah's population went up by over eighteen percent in the past decade they actually claimed the price for number one. Utah's an excellent state. I'm a big utah van. It's aesthetically beautiful. That is for sure. I would be just needs to be purple up a little bit. Bump bump that up to nineteen twenty percent and maybe working something but at the same time illinois mississippi and west virginia all actually lost people or this timespan with west virginia. Losing the most at three point two percent and beyond people owning a change of scenery or needing for any number of reasons. This is going to have a pretty big political impact. How the four hundred thirty five seats in congress are distributed between the states based on where people live and it's a formula sense uses. That's a little too complicated for podcast. Much like the kfc secrets bias blend. I mean you can look you can find it online but we're not going to go through like all the details but getting what do we know about how the new numbers impact representation can be some interesting. Google searches in the morning All right so these are the states that are poised to lose a seat here. Illinois michigan west virginia ohio pennsylvania california and new york and this is actually the first time the california seat. And it's a little odd in a way when you think about it because the state grew in this timespan by about six percent however that was just quite a bit less than the number of other states and for the ones that gained here Florida colorado montana oregon and north carolina all gained one seat and texas is gaining too but the most wild sat of the erin and why the census really truly does matter. I mentioned that newark loss. A seat here. But if they had counted just eighty nine more people eighty nine. It would not have happened. It's believed to be the narrowest margin in modern census history. Wow new york city that never returns. It's senseless survey. Fill out your paperwork. Turn that back in and now comes the question of who gets to draw these maps. Historically the answer is not great. Yeah because of years of relative republican dominance at the local level in many states leading to map fuck of all sorts then continued dominance. Much of this process is going to be. Gop led so the brand centre put together a redistricting report earlier this year that we can link to in our show notes but basically if you look at these states illinois oregon are among the ones that will have full democratic control of the redistricting process. Then there are other states like colorado michigan and new york that have these independent commissions dedicated to doing this and then places like florida and texas are fully in gop control. According to the cook political report republicans will have the final say over congressional lines in one hundred eighty. Seven districts and democrats will seventy five districts with the rest going to places where control is split or by these bipartisan commissions. So this is going to have big ramifications for congressional elections are right around the corner where republicans need to flip just five seats to regain control of the house. It's also going to affect our favorite thing in the world the electoral college budgeting and much much more. We're gonna follow all of that. As more info from the census drops. But now let's shift gears to our favorite mega the supremes air. The supreme court is the joke. I just made just said it'll take up some interesting cases soon. What are they up to here yesterday. The dorks in the high court announced that they will be taking up a case out of new york that deals with rights. That people have to carry guns outside of their homes for self-defense. The case new york state rifle and pistol association versus corlett is the first major gun rights case. The court has taken up in over a decade. Okay so let's get into a little bit more on what this case actually involves shirt. New york state has a law on. Its books that requires people who want to carry a concealed handgun to establish that they have quote proper. 'cause basically they must prove that they actually need it for protection. Feel like that makes sense. You're gonna be hiding a gun in your purse. You probably should've could reason. However poke lament a lawyer who has been behind many challenges to gun control laws and you might know from. The bush administration is challenging that law saying that states have no right to regulate when individuals carry guns outside of their own home so this is the first time the court has taken up that particular question. The last major ruling on the second amendment came down in two thousand eight when the court ruled that the constitution protects the individuals right to have a privately owned gun in their home in the case of district of columbia versus heller. I have a feeling. I know the answer to this question. But how are people feeling about this. Well gun rights. Advocates are extremely horny about this and for good reason There's currently a six three conservative majority on the court and at least five sitting justices have recently ruled or written in ways that were sympathetic to rights activists over laws attempting to regulate guns. That is not the trend that i wanted to hear nope But you have to wait until october to see this all unfold. That's when the oral arguments should be taking place which means will probably get a ruling on this case at the end of this year or possibly later but if thirst first goethe's drama can't wait. There's another blockbuster case it's going to be argued before the court this week one that started with a snapchat message from a then fourteen year old pennsylvania girl named brandy levy. It was over the weekend back in two thousand seventeen and it was sent to two hundred fifty friends and the fateful snap read. F school softball. Cheer f everything. Highly relatable to express bart simpson the energy via snapchat against. That's what happens at school now. So the court. I guess we'll decide whether or not softball in cheer should in fact you're close. The court will determine whether or not administrators at her public school. The mahoney area high school were right to kick brandy out of cheerleading for a year over the social media outburst which did not occur during school hours or on school property or over officials school channels brandy and her parents along the aclu sued the school claiming that the punishment was unjust as the message. Didn't disrupt school activities. Okay so what is the school's case here. Then they should be able to discipline students for online speech no matter where and when it actually happens basically they say a ruling in favor of levy would make it harder for them to discipline students for things like racism and bullying which in the social media. Age often takes place off campus outside of school hours. President binds administration has backed the district saying that levy was in the wrong because she's specifically targeted groups of students in her angry. Snap recall s ball and f- cheer the aclu whoever disagrees and says that being a student at a public school shouldn't subject off campus students speech to disciplinary action. The court should hand down a ruling on this case at the end of june. I don't know how this is going to turn out but one thing is clear. I am really glad that. I am not currently a teenager because it sounds fucked up. Yeah imagine having to have your entire life litigated. Because it all exists for people to either narcan or see awful Okay so then. What about other hot button issues. The court is taking up at this point or for that matter avoiding. Yeah so when amy. It was confirmed last fall. A lot of people were worried. That roe v wade was in the crosshairs and they had to be worried but despite that the court is not taking up any cases yet that directly confront roe v wade which we can breathe a temporary sigh of relief but they are hearing arguments this week in americans for prosperity versus bonte a case about whether tax exempt organizations can be required to disclose big money and the courts already ruled. That states should have a right to imprison minors for life without parole. That was a cavanaugh joint. That came down last week with a case that could enshrine a right to nationwide concealed carry. I've got high hopes for this court to make america even worse but that's the latest for now. It's it's tuesday. What squad and for today's temp check. We're talking about problem solving on vacation. Tourism is back on the rise in hawaii in rental car. Prices are surging. Tourists have begun renting u hauls Get around to put some numbers to this one. Local news affiliate reported that in march the cheapest rental car on maui went for seven hundred. Twenty two dollars a day with prices or rental cars out of stock completely hopping in a big white box. Truck doesn't sound that crazy. Aaron what is your take on the story. Why gosh gideon look. There's a whole song called america. The beautiful and that is because there are many places in america besides hawaii that are absolutely beautiful and are worth visiting and will cost you. Seven hundred twenty two dollars a day to rent a u haul like we've got tons of national parks. If you live in the western half of the states you can go to yellowstone yosemite your arches any of the myriad national parks but there's also great state parks. You can go to if you live in the mid west. Might i recommend trying to get a permit to go to boundary waters. It's a beautiful place to go. The great lakes are incredible. Places to go. There are other places besides hawaii if you wanna go to a beach. We've got florida. We've got the gold coast. We've got california. The carolinas even have good beaches. I just think people really need to open their minds and their hearts and their wallets other parts of the country because hawaii cannot take anymore. I think it is clear. Hawaii cannot take anymore. I completely agree. I also think that the census stricter should hear that ad for america that you just did about all of its beautiful lakes and waterways around the country. Yeah it's desert's desert's as well. Yeah there's there's every kind of thing that could await you across this beautiful nation of ours. If you see that place is desperately pack right. It would be like if you saw that. There was a six hour line at disneyland or any other attraction that you were going to. You would be considered like next time. We'll try this out like well. Maybe we'll wait on this line. Leave hawaii to itself and the hordes of other people who apparently have already converged on there but just like that we have checked our temps. Stay safe book a trip to a national park or a desert or the beach wherever he liked to go. And we'll be back after some ads. Zip code what it is sponsored by bright land. If you're like me you live olive oil but not all of oil is made. the same. Bright land is a california based company that offers fresh pure olive oil and vinegar made only from the freshest local harvest and bright light. Has you covered with the duo. A well rounded pair of that will elevate any dish take for example. Awake the olive oil full of robust flavor that well with breads and hearty soups or alive. The smooth olive oil perfect for roasted vegetables and both great berlin oils are ships. Right to you and specially designed reusable bottles to protect from uv light and damage and they use sustainable packaging for the shipping. As well all you gotta do is go to lend dot co slash. Try the deal and give your cooking. Some added flair flavor. That's b. r. i g. h. t. l. a. n. d. dot co slash wad. Use promo code checkout to save ten percents off your order of the duo and thank you for sponsoring show. This episode is brought to you by happy dance. Happy dances they. Line of premium. Cd's skin care products from actress. Mom and do it all kristen bell whether you've tried. Cd price before you are already a huge fan. Happiness is different. These are designed to bring you the soothing benefits. Cbc skin care into your daily routine and happy dance. Products are made with only the highest quality ingredients. They've got a whipped. Cd body butter. An ultra calming cbd. Bath bond and a multi purpose. Cbd coconut my girlfriend is a big fan of the whipped cbd body. Butter is a nice way to start the day and have the cbc. Send care into the daily routine right now. Listeners get fifteen percent off their first happiness ordered but only when you go to do a happy dance dot com slash today. That's fifteen percent off your first order of happiness. dvd's skin-care at due dot com slash. Todays does it was also brought to you by the cost of care. Podcast from lemonade and media. David smith grew up any mormon community in utah and loss. Bother sister and brother to the same. The democ on a brand new podcast. The cost of care. David explores whether the deaths were preventable. And why the united states has the most expensive performing healthcare system in the world. It can bankrupt you demoralize you or actually kill you in this show. He'll figure out how we ended up with a system that leaves people powerless in the face of life or death visions and how we can make health a priority for everyone regardless of zipcode or other predictors of life expectancy. The cost of care from media is available for you to listen to right now wherever you get your podcasts. Let's wrap up with some headlines head aligns. The justice department is launching an investigation into the louisville kentucky. Police department after its officers. Shot and killed rana taylor while she was asleep last year. No officer was charged. For taylor steph attorney general america ireland announces civil probe yesterday and it aims to evaluate whether police routinely used unreasonable force conduct unconstitutional searches or regularly engage in racist practices. The investigation follows one. Launched meta doj. Just last week to probe the minneapolis police department. After former officer derek chauvin was found guilty of murdering george floyd. These investigations are separate from the department's ongoing criminal civil rights investigations into the victims deaths. The biden administration says it plans to give sixty million doses of the astrazeneca cova vaccine to other countries over the next several months. The white house didn't say which countries will be getting the shots but announced that ten million doses might be released in the coming weeks leading up to this world. Leaders have been pressing biden to share you. A surplus doses while countries like india struggled to keep up with vaccinations due to supply shortages as a reminder india is currently experiencing one of the worst covert surges in the world. Astrazeneca's vaccine has not been authorized for us here yet. Which makes this feel like the public. Health equivalent of re gifting cinnamon buns scented candle but white house officials have said that the fda will conduct a quality review before shipping the vaccine to other countries. You know what. I say better house that smells like a cinnamon bun then one. That smells like you need to clean your toilet. That is common phrase that people say often not just you okay California suffering election withdrawal may get another chance to vote this year. State officials announced yesterday. The republican led effort to recall. Governor gavin newsom has collected enough signatures to qualify for the ballot. Houston was elected to his office in two thousand eighteen by the largest vote margin in modern history but in the past year his approval a big hit a lot of that can be attributed to californians on the right getting frustrated with the lockdowns and other restrictions that newsom implemented to slow the spread of covid and his pandemic scandal beating four hundred dollar meal with friends at the same time. He was telling people to stay home. Probably didn't help the cause. Ultimately the origins of this recall predate kobe. And this is the third time the efforts main organizer has tried to get newsom out of office. Only forty percent of california voters support recalling. Newsom the la times estimates that the vote won't happen until november help with his reputation among conservatives. I'd like to remind everyone that newsom was once married to donald trump. Junior scare yelling girlfriend. Wow when it comes to winning the break up. The best is yet to come no matter what a man tells you. There's only one thing he wants in a relationship presents. A guy recently demonstrated this in japan. He was arrested on fraud charges for dating thirty five women simply to get birthday gifts. This man is clearly both a master con artist and seven year old boy on stilts he allegedly told each girlfriend that his birthday was different presumably so he could start unwrapping his next president before his paper cuts at even healed from unwrapping all his previous presents. The birthday boy met his targets through his job. Selling and this is not a joke. Shower heads for a multilevel marketing company. Meaning he pulled a rare scam squared. Make as scam sandwich aka scam which if you ultimately the total value of his gifts was around nine hundred dollars meaning each girlfriend spent about the cost of one blu ray disc. That is what we call a scam sandwich around here. And those are the headlines. One more thing before we go tomorrow night you can join crooked for a live group. Threat of biden's joint address to congress. Biden is expected to discuss the economic recovery combating the coronavirus pandemic and addressing global challenges. We're gonna laugh we're gonna cry. We're gonna share funny gifts. Don't miss out on our live reactions. You subscribe to the crooked youtube channel today. Offers eighty like the show. Make sure subscribe Review enjoy all of your presence until your friends. Listen and if you're into reading and not just you hall rental contracts like me. What a day is also a nightly newsletter. Check it out and subscribe at crooked dot com slash subscribe. I'm aaron ryan. I'm getting rich and good luck. Avenues i don't know if you're going to need it really you know but good luck either way. What a day is production of crooked media it's recorded and mixed by charlotte landis selling your ton is our assistant producer or head writer. Is john milstein in our executive producers. Are leo duran. Akilah hughes and meet our theme. Music is by concord and cachaca. All right we wanna remind you all about a high stakes issue hitting the senate floor right now. Senate democrats have the power to stop the wave of voter suppression laws sweeping the country bypassing the for the people act but i have to come together and eliminate the damn filibuster do your part to end the filibuster go vote save america dot com slash for the people use our new whip. Count to find. Out where your senator stands. If they're on the fence give them a call using our call tool together. We can save our democracy.

america west virginia roe v wade supreme court Ryan infor akilah hughes ron jarman hawaii california new york state rifle and pisto corlett Utah new york gop brandy levy mahoney area high school illinois
Consistently Great?

Highly Questionable

22:47 min | 2 months ago

Consistently Great?

"All right welcome to highly questionable we got monitoring nut putting off the wnba the night of the wnba all-star game we got mike golic junior off. Somebody i'll really no. Let's do to the bucks in another forty from your honest tonight to have a chance. All these are the kinds of people we are. In our business we are here. Bengal janas behind a free throws every limitation that. There is in his game. And now we're like uh-huh wonder if he can give them forty again and he probably can give them forty again. Do i think they need it. That depends and it really just depends entirely. Chris middleton who has not gotten up to twenty points in the last couple of games he has not looked like legitimate second option that they needed the guy that could get his own shot because if he shows up and he plays that game then they don't need forty from this. I don't think it's sustainable to think that you're gonna get forty from him every night in order to with so they're gonna need somebody else to be viable shotmaker for them. Chris middleton is that guy. I think he shows up. I don't think he shows up all the time. Necessarily but i think he shows up in this because i just can't believe it's going to be game after game after game. He's had one game where he's gotten up to even forty three percent in the course of this series. I expect him to be better. I expect that to mean janas won't have to do nearly as much. I expect honest to have another forty. And i think the do continue to need it if you ask me who i trust on this squad. It's janas and yes we talked about. How one dimensional. His game is both but finally sticking to the one dimensional thing and the rest are certainly helping him out when it comes. Chris middleton now statistically in game threes he was averaging ten points better in the series and he didn't necessarily meet that expectation in this particular game. Three so i'm starting to wonder if being says number in a way that previous matchups quite helped i would say for jaanus. It's less about a specific number like this isn't a how many as much as a house for him in this game. They need to continue to be able to rely on him in the ways they have and we saw even game three similar output. But i thought style wise different quicker decisions especially in some those two men games. Come in from the wing. The reason i'd say it's gotta be. That house still is because the part. I actually have trouble trusting drew holiday. Who went five for ten for beyond the arc in games three and has not displayed any level of consistency during this postseason and so i have a tough time relying on him to go out. Spread the floor in the way that him knocking down threes than that last game did so john is gonna have to be the anchor to see if this is the middleton game if we get another one of those lopez games that shows up from time to time pat haunted can get hot from beyond free and kind of stay hot from beyond three to help them out but it's ultimately still gotta be anger by honest. Well the other thing too is like these playoffs right famous was up to will. They lost this one. We would expect that. Now it's time for the adjustment for monty. Williams right monty williams adjust to what he saw in gang. Three which in theory that means. It's time for the boot holzer. Just made sure. I think he got any adults left right because i feel like the adjustment that he may last time was the one that we shouldn't have been an adjustment he should have done in the first place. You know maybe do holidays. You just harangued. Chris paul the whole town is probably the best chance you have and it took him a while. Like you know what that might be a pretty good idea. I don't feel like that's a man has got number two in his plans. I was get some foul trouble again. That too and i will say to your points of adjustments. But we've seen this been extended squad respond when the andrea eyton gets will zubac got the better of him. The andre eight and came back and responded. I do think that the sarge injury might be sneaky. Big deal just in time of that. But i don't expect devon booker to string together back to back games in macau bridges will be more involved than just four points. Things is gonna adjust. I think finally guys were in for the game. That had me thinking this series will require seven. Anyway you know you just mentioned that thing about sarge this. This is what i need to do. If i'm boone holzer. I was only one message on the whiteboard. Make frank kaminsky beat you. That's gonna be a whole entire strategy. We go find a way to comiskey out there as i feel so bad man is not. It's not his fault that he's who he is. You know what i'm saying. But if i was in the playoffs and i had janas in these other cats. Oh yeah. I want him play in as much as possible. The state of wisconsin got a collective fleet feel bad about that strategy to good point. he's their guy tornado. Seattle make it more or less likely that he stays with the clippers. This offseason okay. So we didn't talk about this nearly enough when he signed. This deal with the clippers. But i was personally shot given the injury issues that he had all the way out the door and san antonio and watching him labor through those twenty nine thousand nine playoffs would seem to be knee issues that he only signed a two year deal with a one year option. When he got there. I would have thought he wanted something. More long term in this was worse case scenario kawhi leonard has had a surgery to repair a partially toward acl. Now what happens down the line. I really don't know in theory. Who could op- dan and take this last year. This deal and that seems to make some sense if for no other reason than he's probably not going to play next season so it's not like he's going to harm his value by getting on the court. You like in guaranteed money. I'm looking at it like if you're another team. I'm not trying to lean into four years ago. Wild leonard at his age at this point because one thing that has been easy to lose sight of and this is not a slight to help. The best version of him was the 2017. Burcin like what he was in. That postseason is better than he's ever been even two thousand nine hundred nine when he was finals. Mvp he wasn't as good as he was the year before which is to say. This is a player on the decline. Even if he's still on a high part of the hill he is on the decline. Do you want to pay for the decline of kawai leonard. I don't know if i would want to do that. Yeah when you look every part of this situation coming. Back to the clippers in some form would make sense like picking up that player option health even declining nad. And i'm sure if there was someone that would be willing to pay for the decline of leonard it would be the clippers like a team incentivize to try and keep arche talent in that building especially we know how steve bonner feels about. Land second fiddle in that town and seeing any ground in that race. You combine that with the fact that he could miss six to nine months in the recovery of this injury. He's got a coach that we heap praise on during this postseason and a running mate who stepped up in a big way and may have finally slade mental demons but again this is leonard. This is like trying to make sense of that ruby. Thief they talked about in the dark knight movie. And so i am not going to pretend to have any idea what this man has on his mind or in his heart but i would say all signs would certainly lead to him being back yet to be revealed. If part of those mental demons was actually meeting the space to be on the floor. Without kawhi. When it comes to paul george. We'll have to see how that plays. This think it comes down to whether or not the clippers thought. Hawaii was their long term play. Anyway i always think of him. As kind of a hired mercenary that's willing to go wherever he deems is the best fit with us based on the medical staff commodity with his teammates or the weather. Who knows what kawais thinking. It would seem for him. It's smartest to opt in and collectors coins. But if he opts out does he have another destination in mind like we just never know what it is doing it. I don't know if the clippers thought that he was the guy for a long time. Anyway i think the the guy for a long time just because of how much they gave up in order to give paul george and that was the paul george and kawhi leonard special. Here's what i will say. I think he wants to stay with the clippers. Because if you wanna live in san diego so bad that you live there and commute to los angeles for work something tells me. That's the place that you want to be an and now the the clippers are so pot committed because of what they gave up in that trade except they look pretty good without him like bring him back then just decided to add a couple more things. They still might be a viable contender in the west. This is gonna be fascinating to watch out his plays out up next on. Hq like knock out of yeah lights. That's looking like his day. Just a hard line those just a horn line okay. That's that's one. Now look at this ad. Bax healthy and happy. This is four sixty eight. well well. he's also the literally kid taking his way more serious than everybody else. There's a huge range of what you win. Four on a little league team people. That are for all kinds of different number. Twenty eight is out there to purge this anger through go for the other dudes. I didn't try to have a good time. Swinging the bat makes them highly. Questionable is brought to you by geico. Save even more when you bundle home and car insurance do own or rent your home share you and i bet it can be hard work. You know it's easy bundling policies with geico geico makes it easy to bundle your homeowner's or renter's insurance along with your auto policy. It's a good thing too because you already have so much to do around your home. Go to geico dot com data quote and see how much you could save. Its geico easy. Visit geico dot com today. That's geiko dot com aplin happily back style up. Never beat new. Grandma's back in town mystic meg. Gut the suci down mitchell. What three point despite messy precipitation my concert game off as down the line be an app download now time to play the game. That sounds like a really disappointing junior after watching vladi last night. Do you questions got a full head of hair. You know real disappointment. You give us topics and events and we questioned monday every week when i shaved this question. Which pitcher was more deserving of an apology from vlad junior. Yeah vlad's the guy that's lost in the whole tease junior thing right and i don't know if it would be different. If you had a different name he would stand out more but he feels like junior number two however look at this to like and the audit. Yeah lights that's looking like his day. Just a horn line. What are those just a horn line. Okay that's that's one. Now look at this ad back. Healthy and happy. League is four sixty eight she wanted to. Oh my god that his daddy thinks he's software bag love though and good gracious reacting favorite. Not for anybody to turn around like as the pitcher get the next baseball base. That's all i need. I will say the best part about that exchange matatus too because you saw on the broadcast said go ahead and say something to and taty immediately broke out spanish. Something to what. I'm not giving it to any of the rest of you guys in that booth say something on his way that was an opportune time to have a mike on a guy perfect executed do can we look at this second one again though like i understand that it's coors field. I get all of this stuff with this. Gold's now there's for whether or not it would have cleared all all and i'm pretty sure i heard them say on the broadcast. The dares a guy who played for the braves in the nineties this towering home run and batting practice is somebody asked people to go out every part of the answer was yes except for to yellowstone yosemite by the way if we are going back to the original question. It's just one of these pitchers deserve more of an apology. Actually going up and given the hugged max. Scherzer is probably always the right. Move the situation given the choice of wanna be other. Yeah he he. Thread man's priority thread one man's life but i think the one whose life was legitimately endangered. If you going to do it dass way to cup question. Whether peyton manning's arm looks better. The did the last time he played peyton. Manning hall of fame quarterback never the biggest army in the world but a capable. Nfl are and then last season we saw him. It looked like he was doing his foot throwing out versus last night. Not bad okay expecting worst. I tell you this though you could tell he still got that next situation. Little dinosaur ish to me. Edison into how twenty yards looks different depending on what you doing twenty yards on a golf course looks different. Twenty yards on a football field looks different than twenty yards on a baseball field. Because that's the mount. Basically it's twenty yards twenty award out like that's a little bit of a bummer. Spend relaxed thing. it's a different motion. He looked alone. Dinosaurs to me as someone who's watched my dad swing golf club at this point right now. There are a lot of those things. You're just never gonna outrun their own. Good leave all that fun. Stuff to arch dead. Hit fifty in every injury from his playing days came back. It was like serena surgeries that had to happen. All he's he's he's do he's due for at me or a shoulder replacement. I'm not sure what you're going. Go for losing. All that weight helped him but once they put a pain in your shoulder. You're just on borrowed time. I'll feel bad for him. He gets the ball street. It this kid has the right mentality. All right we're going out to little league baseball. There'll be a young man. I'll say base. Give us some advice to his teammate. Who is in the batter's box. Whoa oh i got to stand up for me and my people on this okay do you. Run is one more time. 'em i dues. Hip hip bone so is this. Is this child me versus child. Ahmadian child me on second base realized. I don't have a choice to get out of the way that thing. Our body doesn't have the dynamics. The dynamics schism whatever that word is to be able to move out of the way of that one so it seems like we wanted child monitor. Go down with us. The kid just seem so disgusted. Like what are you not gonna let it hit you like. That's probably what hurts. We'll well he's also the literally kid taking way more serious than everybody else. There's a huge range of what you went in four on a little league team people for all kinds of different reasons number. Twenty eight is out there to purge this anger through going for the other dude. Just try to have. Tom swing the bat twenty eight. Let me just tell you right now. It's called football and lacrosse. They give the women that one worked. Wonders is up next on. Hq honestly it's better. It went that way than the other way. Because you've had did that to brooks then you would really had solid that's true bryson felt complemented by that. I'm going to chelsea gray. Just f- why. I'm issues by years but unlike the first time now the court i just need a back screen in in her on the block. That's all i that's how you know. They like each other can barker wants to get switched onto her to take her to the block because they didn't like each other with candace. Parker wanna do is be the one sentence kreider head. This is dc in our see. I'm daniel. I'm a former two division champion and i'm a bad mama jama yes he is and i'm ryan clark former super bowl champ. Be sure to follow out new podcast wherever you can. We wanna talk inmates. We're gonna talk sports life. We have a great time. It's going to be a ton of fun is going to be fun. Rc dc nrc is ready to roll guys dc and artsy follow. Wherever you listen to podcasts. Play the game watching another all-star tonight c. or not give us topics and events that we questioned move our heads at all kinds of different times tomorrow morning on. Nbc the open championship. Yes the british open like. I guess it's not really called a british opened. That does we off every time like it makes you feel like such a sophisticated canadian. You know we got kepco bryson. D shambo sort of beef. So let's start with a clip from our good friend. Mr de shambo. Would you have any problems. In peritoneal folk announced drinker decided not no no not at all. I think it'd be kind of funny. Actually i love it. I think we do well to be honest. It create a little Inching vibe for the team or for the guys playing against okay. So he'd be down to play in the ryder cup with kept good. Let's talk to cap brooks. Is there a point concern that you know the ryder cup coming up later this year you have to start at least trying to get along with bryson somehow going to be in the team in september. We realize it's only a week right. Yeah but i mean you on the same team. I mean it's only like i can put it aside for business if if we're going to be on the same team i can. I can deal with anybody in the world for a week and not playing with them. I'm pretty sure we're not gonna be paired together. Put it that way. I don't think that's kind of obvious. Do you came and put over a press conference. You can't put over there. Do know week as anybody nothing. Nothing about your interactions indicate to me that you can put up with that due for a week. Just seeing him for one minute. Seven straight days. I don't feel like you bill for that. Monaco your intrigue. I just to see how this plays out in literally looks like He was going to bomb it like. You just can't fathom the idea. Meanwhile i was like yeah. It'd be kinda funny. This thing is so lopsided. Mike you g yeah. I'm intrigued more by the reporters who clearly have never covered teams for its before because then they would realize it is very possible. That hate some of the people in your locker and still coexist in function peacefully encore. Yeah but that's because y'all got bigger time utah like you've got to reach that point and it's a bigger more more team like you got other teams that you like the bounce out electoral space out there. Big off y'all also white each other. You left that party to your point. Go joe. I don't think the reporters are really helping this beef at all. I brooks Brooks that he said. Oh i do appreciate the by of mess around thought they all look alike. A better you than me. We do. honestly it's better. It went that way than the other way. Because you've you did that to brooks then you would have really had holiday that's true bryson felt complemented by that right. You know whether i would is like bryson is jalen ramsey brooks's. Aj agree like. You're just trolling. I'm piece tonight on. Espn the wnba. All star game. I am down to check it out seventy nba finals. They put us in a little bit of a trick bag here. But i do want to see some of this. We got candace parker here in chelsea gray former teammates to talk about why they're excited to play against each other and the all star game. I'm going at chelsea gray. Just why i'm issues by years but unlike the first time the court like i just need a back screen in her on the block. That's all i need. List an asthma as we also proud to be austar game and be able to compete against her. But you know. I'm gonna try to go one on one against their local and she'll try to post me a little fake over my head. I swear. I'm not gonna go for the fake. But i'm excited. See that's how you know. They like each other. Cancer barker wants to get switched onto her to take her to the block because if they did like each other with candace parker would want to do is be the one sentence head. Oh injury that to. I'm one hundred inquiry. Embo let me make your life a little bit easier. W all-star tips at seven finals game till nine gives you a little appetizer before we get game for There's going to be great. I'm really excited for the wnba. All starts to the olympic team represents a lot of names that we know and rightfully. So we've talked a lot about the marketing needs to improve the w so it seemed wnba. Jon now just a couple of names that you should learn all right. Mike you intrigue. I am very intrigued to just much silo. Love a good beef between people that clearly like each other. i'm also in. Its check out this format. Because i think that something i'd like to see other leagues potentially even the nba experiment with something. Similar here. a cool nod. Give everyone a nice sendoff before the tokyo games here definitely on this are right. That is our show. Checkout michael junior four to seven eastern espn radio genetic and golding modicum will also be on espn radio pregame and postgame for game for the nba finals. Right time with bomani jones wherever. Yeah podcasts always ways like anybody else k. as much as he does thank you sir. Everybody is l z here. This week on life out loud on joined by the hilarious and handsome actor daniel newman. He opens up to me about battling addiction with engaged spaces and how important sex and faith. Positively are to him and of course. We couldn't get a whole episode. Go by without discussing instagram thir- straps. I personally really don't like instagram models. The play dome. Did you know you were one definitely had a gay. Oh time you know what. I'm saying you don't want to miss it. So listen to life out loud wherever you get your podcast.

Chris middleton clippers janas kawhi leonard paul george wnba mike golic Bengal janas monty williams andrea eyton zubac devon booker boone holzer frank kaminsky Wild leonard kawai leonard steve bonner kawais
Mikah Meyers epic national park adventure

Go West, Young Podcast

39:56 min | 2 years ago

Mikah Meyers epic national park adventure

"From the doorstep of the rocky mountains. It's go west young podcast, your show, where parks politics and policy come together for a barbecue. I'm Aaron Weiss at the center for western priorities in Denver. And I am so excited for today's guest, you may have seen stories about Mike Meyer he's the guy who visited every single National Park Service site. In one giant three year road trip. I wanted to dive into more than just his favorite parks. Although, of course, we will do that, too. But Mike is story is a whole lot more than just Instagram. Ing our parks. It's about personal identity and faith and setting out to do something that seems impossible, or at least very expensive without life savings to fall back on. Plus, we will bring you the story. Or maybe it's more of a tall tale about the only woman known to have robbed a stagecoach. In the Zona territory. And before we get started a little housekeeping. We are taking this podcast on the road. We're going to be doing a series of live shows across the west this summer. Nothing big just a few guests. Maybe a few beers talking about public lands, and environmental issues that communities are facing right now across the west, we want to have a conversation with activists with scientists may be a politician or two. If you have thoughts about who we should talk to or where we should go. Go ahead, drop us an Email podcast at western priorities dot org. And of course, we will bring you more details as this plan comes together over the summer. Now, let's do the news. If at first you don't succeed keep trying to bring back coal that is the order of the day at the bureau of land management. You will remember last month. A judge found that then interior secretary Ryan Zinke jumped the gun when he reversed an Obama. Era order that paused new coal leasing on public lands. So just a few weeks later, BLM did just that they've released a draft environmental assessment on the impacts of restarting coal leasing. It is quite the read. Beal says it won't consider the social cost of carbon. That is to say the economic damage caused by extra coal mining because in part, and I am quoting here, the full social benefits of coal fired energy production have not been monetised. Yeah. So you now have less than fifteen days to tell interior secretary David Bernhardt. What you think of this plan, we have already talked a lot on this podcast about the various ways the Trump administration is cutting the public out of decision making making a huge decision like this with only fifteen days to comment is about as a grievous as it gets. We do have a link to the public. Form in the show notes. And speaking of cutting out the public political appointees at interior are interfering with requests, under the freedom of information act Jacob Holzmann at sea Q, rollcall reported on this story based on documents that we obtained here at the center for western priorities. It is called the awareness review process. If political appointees, come up in a foyer response, those appointees, get to see that response before it goes out the door, but we have proof that they are not just reviewing those responses in one case. The interior department spokesperson had their swift stepped in when she was given ninety six pages of materials about Lola Zinke, the wife of Ryan Zinke, swift in an E mail claimed that a number of pages are non responsive even after the foia officer pushes back, and we don't know exactly what happened after that. But the final foyer response that was given to western values project, somehow shrunk. From ninety six pages to just sixteen eighty pages somewhere along the way vanish, even though the freedom of information, act officer said these are responsive and this is not a one time thing. We've also got a memo from the National Park Service foia office in DC in which civil servants reveal that out of ten foia requests, sent up to political appointees for review, foia officers had been told to hold back issuing responses on nine of them nine out of ten. The memo makes it clear, quote delays resulting from the awareness review process are preventing the park service from meeting its legal obligations under the freedom of information act, such delays. Leave NPS open to potential indication which could result in the assessment of attorney's fees. Needless to say this memo will be of serious interest to attorneys who are already suing or thinking about suing the interior department for. Refusing to release documents under foia. I love our national parks. You are listening to this podcast. So you probably love our national parks. But do you love our national parks enough to visit every single one of them? That is what Mike Mayer did an epic three year journey to not just every national park, but all four hundred and nineteen sites. Run by the National Park Service at the individual Micheals trip came to an end on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial, surrounded by friends and family and fans who followed his journey on Instagram and Facebook mica joins us on the line from where are you now have been the appaluse AM? That's correct. I are you adjusting to, to life back in the real world? It is so much harder than I thought I, I realized it took me about two weeks to verbalize sort of feeling I was having. But I realized that for three years, I woke up every day and I knew what my short term goal was that day. What a needed to accomplish in how fit into three. Three year goal and my entire life. And now I wake up not in a parking lot not innovation in with sort of this less clear sense of urgency everyday, and my brain doesn't know how to handle it. So take us back three years. This started out as a tribute to your late father, but it turned into a whole lot more than that. Yeah. You know, my dad loves road trips in that was one of the ways that we bonded before he passed. And when I was nineteen he died from his office cancer. So I never got to take the road trips with him during college and beyond that I expected I would have done one road trip every year since he passed his way to keep that connection alive along the way realized that most of my peers seem to think they were guaranteed to make eighty since my dad passed away, fifty eight I had learned that, that's not the case hardway and wanted to do something crazy, when I turned thirty that would hopefully grab their attention, share this message and I figured what more relatable way to reach the entire world than our National Park Service. So walk us through the logistics you come up with this crazy idea. But how do you actually turn that into a game plan for a seventy five? Thousand mile road dream over however many years. Yes, so I spent I spent my twenty saving up money to, to launch this project ended age twenty eight realized it was time to start planning earnest. So really spent a solid two years, doing everything from research on whether patterns who best routes to most efficient ways to reach these sites to win. Each park was opened in summer, only open seasonally, who potential sponsors. I could reach out to who the most practical way to live on the road axes sites talking to experts getting help rafting schedule sort of doing everything. I could head of time who be best prepared for launch day when that came on April twenty ninth two thousand sixteen. And then, of course, on top of all those miles, you can't drive to Hawaii, or American Samoa or Guam, or Puerto Rico, or the Virgin Islands. You've got some some planes and boats to try and both factor in and fund as part of this. I couldn't have been a cheap endeavor. Right. And that was the scariest thing was I began this journey with what park experts told me was only a fish of the amount of money of what it would take to do this in. So I sort of got in that driver seat. And drove away on, on a big leap of faith that somehow in the following three years, I could figure out a way to make this sustainable incomplete. It. So you had funding and then part of this, you were you were preaching in passing the hat along the way. What point did you realize that was going to be part of, of this trip for you? Yeah, but when I planned it, I sort of pollyannaish looked around at the world of social media in saw millennials funding. Epic travels by getting sponsors. And I thought well just do that. And learn really quickly, that if you don't have over one hundred thousand followers, nobody really cares. And particularly in the outdoors industry, there were no openly t people that had any sponsorships the recreation industry had never had a pride month add, so I sort of knew going in that I would have to fight this uphill battle of not fitting that outdoorsy image and also not having huge social following that companies would require until I figured I would crowd fund this journey, and there was a total failure at first, I would do. Media sharing this journey. And I just got nasty emails from people who called me trust fund kid, which obviously didn't read the article 'cause they would know that passers don't have trust funds. But everyone was just really negative. And I found that unless unless I had the chance to talk to people on explain the real reason why was doing this trip. It wasn't just a vacation as they assumed but the meanings behind it, once they knew that they were really excited to help. And so it took me about nine months to figure out how to do that. But I began using my backgrounds of professional singer at spent over a decade, senior professionally, including our National Cathedral, and started out, just singing for my supper and would pass out the hat, and then churches started asking me to preach, the sermon and figure out a way to, to tie the story of this journey into a message that, that spoke to the people there and hear him three years later. So on top of all that you're obviously than visit. The parks themselves how much time you able to spend in each Parker. Or did you feel like you had to, you know show up get the visitor center, take a selfie and hit the road again? Yeah. That's another thing is a lot of people assume that I was sort of Chevy, chasing my way in touching the parks, leaving that they thought I was just doing it to set a record which records were happy coincidence, that happened from its initial goal. So I was really fortunate in that when I was planning this journey just by pure coincidence, about five miles east of me lived one of the three or so dozen people who at that point had visited all the parts and so one night, he came over for dinner, and I got out my spreadsheet, I went through every single site and said, if you go back here, what would be the ideal amount of time, you would spend and those days in the data that I used to come up with this three route. So really the intention in the actual experience was to spend the ideal amount of time. That each site suggests whether that's a historic site that you can do everything in a few hours or a place like the Grand Canyon, where you really wanna spend a week rafting down the middle. I made sure that that's what I did not goats. So this is left, you then with a very unique appreciation of the park service that, as you mentioned, only a few dozen people in the entire world might have. So I want to pick your brain here a little bit of a speed round asking you to pick a few of your favorites. But with kind of specific questions, what do you think is the most under appreciated national park? I would say, our national lake shores. There are three of them now that Indiana dunes became a capital in capital park. And I'm shocked by how many people don't know about them, despite their incredible beauty? Among the A-List, the ticket national parks, which one is absolutely every bit as good as advertised. Oh my gosh. I, I stood a glacier point, and watch sunset over half dome in Yosemite and was just blown away. And I know it's sort of the opposite of some of the things I said on this journey that I was trying to share about the park sites. You haven't heard of, but that's one that you have heard of that is very well visited that absolutely delivers what is the one park that everyone needs to see before they die. That's tough. I mean, what I learned about the park services that there are so many sites that can be special to people with specific interests of people who love certain president, or like Springfield armory, that, that chronicles our nation's history of, of guns and warfare. And if that's your interests, like you're gonna love that place where than anything else. So I would say whatever site specific -ly speaks to you, as far as your, your personal interests for myself. I was really enchanted in blown away in ways. I never expected by dinosaur national. Yes. I've heard that for many people who've been don't realize that, that's one that I've heard a lot of folks suggested that absolutely deserves national park status. The locals don't like me. I've got an Email saying, stop telling everyone about our secret. What was the biggest surprise of park that you maybe went in with low expectations and came out blown away? I really had a blast at the, the site in Guam the war in the Pacific, national historical park, and the accompanying affiliated site onsite pan, which is the American memorial park. Both of them are, are technically just small parcels of land. But then they have pieces of the history of America's involvement World War Two all around the islands. So really to fully experience these parks stories, you have to explore both the entire island of Guam, and the entire island of pan. And that was just such a an incredible experience that looking at the names, designations, this historical park and memorial, park, you'd probably think it'd be like a statue in a building, but getting to fully experiences place means taking on the entire island culture. And it was really incredible. You mentioned Refn and the Colorado what was the biggest thrill on your trip? So I my family grew up pretty poor and never got to, like, I mean, even we go to arcades and it was like too much to two quarters that stuff. So it was always like the cheapest way of traveling possible. Nothing extra. And so getting to do a hot air balloon ride in South Dakota was like something I never imagined or getting to take a helicopter tour over badlands, national park or Hawaii volcanoes like these are experiences that I always looked at, at other families and saw that they could do, but assumed I would never get to do my life. So because of this journey in sort of, I would trade trade, a coverage on my blog and social media for some of these two or opportunities. Getting to do those extra special views of the parks, just blew my mind. Were there any parks that you end up ended up, hitting either in the wrong season or mother nature just didn't cooperate near? You're like I would come back to you again. If given the chance and take a do over. Yeah. One of the things I pride myself on. Is that sort of a lot of the hiccups, that I think a lot of people expected, what happened on this trip did not happen because I spent two years planning. So I really did my research to make sure that, that I could it be places. When the weather was Satistics most likely to be good. However, California roomy off because devils, postpone, national monument can only be reached basically in the li- like middle, July, August and early September. And you're only a few hundred miles away from death valley, national park which do not wanna be at during that time of year. So I actually had to fly from Alaska down to Yosemite devils post. File just so I could reach devils postponed, national monument during that temperate, I am of year because the rest of California I did in the spring earlier that year. Yeah. It's a good, detour there. We hear a lot about overcrowding in some park, Zion Yellowstone Yosemite. Did you did you run into that? And do you think that is a genuine problem that, that some of our parks are facing right now? Yeah, I mean, sort of one of the, the side benefits of doing ally. Speaking churches was that on my Sundays, I was often fundraising on Saturdays. I was driving there. So I really grew to appreciate visiting the parks on Monday through Friday, when it was a lot less crowded, but even on those days like I was at Yellowstone in July. And I had planned a number of days there halfway through I said, I can't take this anymore. Like it's just so crowded is your spend so much time to sing in your car trying to get places waiting for parking at sort of ruins the experience and I had been Yellowstone many years ago during may, and that was so much better. Just because the traffic is so nuts that it really. Detriment to the experience. So I think one of the things we're struggling with now is, we have a park service in a park foundation that is promoting visiting these sites rightly, so but we aren't keeping pace with infrastructure that it takes to manage this increase number visitors and especially in the popular parks, the ones that are very well known very well marketed, it really shows. So the maintenance backlog that we've, we've heard about we've talked about a bit on, on this podcast from what you've seen it's real and and urgently in, in some places. Well, yeah. I mean one thing I have to say is that the park service, doesn't incredibly good job of working with what they have as general visitor. There were a lot of things that I didn't notice or they did a good job of hiding or or masking as far as maintenance issues go because, in general, the majority of my experiences parks, I never had to say, like, oh, gosh, I wish I could do this, but it's broken. They don't have the money to fix it. So I give them a lot of credit for, for making do with what they have. But yeah, that being said there are places that really need work done to make them capable of handling the amount of visitors that get. I assume over the course of these three years, you spoke to dozens or hundreds of Park, Rangers and park service, employees. Do you think there's a message that you have learned from them that if given the opportunity you would pass along to the top leadership at the park service, or at the interior department in DC? For the department of the interior in the park service. I would just remind them. How fortunate they are to have a staff that is so passionate about the mission that they are serving. I recently got to speaking engagement with employees of the park service, who mentioned that during a recent survey of all the government departments. The park service had the highest score as far as a staff leaving in the mission of their department and that was very evident anecdotally in my personal experiences. These are people who often work service jobs during the off season, just so they can keep having seasonal jobs, because they haven't been able to become full-time. They are people who are highly highly educated, who were jobs that people might say are beneath their education, but they just love their job. They love their sites so much. So I would remind the, the department heads how lucky they are to have a staff at his so committed to the goal. Of their department and to those higher up those in congress, I would ask that they go to our park service sites because when most frustrating things is to go to historic sites in see the United States make a mistake. Four hundred years ago, make it somewhere else three hundred years ago. Another place, two hundred another place. A hundred still today in realize we haven't really learned from our history that were preserving so I sort of wish I could make congress go to a lot of these places in hopefully it would impact the way they legislate. At a great takeaway. You mentioned dinosaur national monument as, as a big surprise any other sites, you visited that you think needed promotions. The end deserve national park status. Well as far as needing promotion. I really can't speak highly enough about the Dakotas people laugh. When I talk about how much I enjoyed them even I talked about how much I like Theodore Roosevelt, national park so much that the superintendent emailed me at one point and said, I just can't believe how much you enjoyed it and how much you keep talking about it. Because North Dakota is so unvisited that their tourism board has been called the save the best for last club. Where if it's your last state visited, they give you a pain in t shirt certificate so many people just put it off. And yet, both badlands national park in theater Roosevelt, national park where some of the most spectacular experiences head in the park service of the most unique places. I saw that it's such a shame that people see that Kotas may think it's only boring prairie. That's definitely one recommendation, give those are Kaplan capital parks, however, some of my other favorite sites. Don't have that. Nation would include white sands, national monument, absolutely incredible place. Wonderful experiences, there Buckeye reef national monument in Saint Croix. Never lens was spectacular spurious, and there's some funny sites, kind of like I went to organ pipe cactus national monument. And thought it was way, better than Suara national park. And I think about all the people that go to Celaya out because it's one of the big sixty one and overlook, Oregon pike cactus because it's a national monument. And think man, are they missing out? So there definitely were number of sites like that, where I think, may be politics was different policies were different sites that have certain status would have national park status to better reflect the experience have there. You mentioned getting E mail from the, the superintendent at at teddy Roosevelt, any other favorite people, you met along the way, I mean, you must run into all sorts of characters hitting four hundred nineteen national park sites. Yeah. Well there too that. I think one of them was a ranger cat. My national park, and he reached out when I was planning my Lasca portion and he's opening gay as well. And he said, he'd, I really appreciate the visibility you're helping bring to us, especially those less than work here. I know cat is really hard and expensive. So if you need a place to stay like you can you can stay at my place in the park, and so that was really cool, just to get to know him really well for few days in this really fascinating ark. And then a few months after I was there. He got reassigned to Hawaii volcanoes and moves at the end of December, just as the shutdown happened. And so now knowing him on a personal level. I got to see the real life impact of the. Shutdown had because he had a new apartment was the deposit, just shipped all stuff. And he's freaking out in Hawaii, Nola Hawaii, so from one of the most expensive parts of our countries to another most expensive, and he went weeks without a paycheck. And so I was heartbroken for him, but also sort of honored to get this window into the reality of Park Rangers because even with these struggles are still so passionate and that brings me to another great experience. I was in Everglades national park and doing a slew slog, which is where you're hiking in, in muddy waters up to your knees could have pythons alligators in them and the Rangers explaining this in our group has all scared, and she said, well, you don't have to you don't gotta worry about nothing as I got the Lord, I got this stick. And this ranger had described herself as a hillbilly, Alabama, who served in the military to protect America while wearing green and she finished. And she wanted to protect America's nature now while wearing green, and I ended up running into her, again, in dinosaur national monument. And then again in Holly, national park because she worked seasonally and it was fun to see the second time to catch up. And then the third time to get to get an update from her on a really magical experience. I had joined this journey where a wild Canadian goose follow my rafting groups before. And so when I saw her again, I got to say what happened to the goose because she was working there with so very fun connections? That sort of spread the entire length of. So your identity covers a whole lot of ground obviously outdoor enthusiasts a gay man. A working preacher, a classically trained counter tenor. How do you balance all of that on a trip this big when everything you do is being shared with the world real time? How do you find the real mica in all of that mix? Yeah, I sort of joke that if a gay Christian male soprano from the flat state in America can devote three years of his life to visiting the national parks. Don't tell me that there is an outdoorsy type, and that you're not part of that because I sort of go against very many of the prototypes of what you'd expect. It's been a fascinating journey, not just as physical wind, but to start this trip sort of thinking I had to hide who I was for it to be successful. And then in the end finding that it's only by embracing all of those unique traits about myself that this journey, eventually survived in came to completion. So I'm positive that there were opportunities sponsors, that would have loved to work with me that did not because one or some of my densities are all were just to offensive or too risky. In fact, one of them told me in writing that they were dropping me suddenly because I was doing too much LGBT. Owlry. So, yeah, it's been hard to realize that's a reality. But also really, heartwarming to wake up every day in say even if it's Justice three year trip, I figured out a way to do something that many people said it was impossible, and for most of the journey beat entirely true to myself, and wake up every day and say, this might be harder than I thought it might be a reference than I thought it might be way more difficult to complete than I thought. But at least every day that I wake up, I know that undoing something that I feel like is making the world better place and helping others. And if sharing those voluble parts of myself is able to help others than it's entirely worth it. So your trip is obviously, it's a once in a lifetime kind of dream that I, I suspect everyone listen to this podcast is thinking, wow. Wish wish I could do that. You're now what thirty three thirty four years old. You have a lifetime ahead of you having done a once in lifetime trip. So, so what's next for you? Yeah. As you said, this is sort of thing, so many people want to do, and having done it, at least in the way that I did it. I don't do what I did if you argon gonna. Visit all the parks figure out how to have your funding ahead of time or get on Netflix show and be super famous that you can get sponsors easily because making this, my job both in fundraising and putting out a product from experience made it a lot less personally fulfilling. So if you're gonna do it. I did definitely do it just for yourself is number one recommendation, but given that I have done this and had this experience in so many people would like to note it's like I really want to use it and be able to share that as many ways as possible. So I've already begun doing speaking engagements for nonprofits for colleges for schools churches companies, where I'm taking the lessons learned in the experiences of this project and sharing it in impersonal as through speeches. I intend to spend the summer writing a book so that it's something that can be shared with people on their own time at their own pace. And one of my big goals is to do a travel show next. I would sort of love to dance of Anthony bourdain parts unknown into a show called parts unknown, and whether that's US sites or parks around the world since we've exported this parts of this idea. Well, can you take people to places? They might not it, visit otherwise our last question before I let you go if you had to pick just one national park to live the rest of your life in. Where'd you go? Oh, you know, it's funny because every time I go to the city, I, I'm sort of overrun with your vanity of it, but that is what makes Golden Gate national recreation area. So incredible is it is stunning California. Coastline ended is right next to in urban area. That is so dense that is so noise even is so dirty that it wants to just drive you mad. But then you walk a few steps out of it, and you're suddenly surrounded by taunt trees and cliff us and the rolling fog comes in, and you just feel so fortunate that the designers of the city kept this place natural because I couldn't imagine living in that city, not having access to that, that nature, so close. So if I had to pick one place, it would be there. Good choice. Mike Mayer is the first person as far as anyone can tell to visit all four hundred nineteen National Park Service sites in a single epic trip, we've. We've got links to his website and his Instagram feed in the show notes. It is obviously one heck of a photo album mica, thank you so much for taking the time today. Thank you so much. I'll see y'all on the road. Time for a look back at this week in western history. A couple of musical may birthdays of note singer Stevie nicks was born this week in nineteen forty eight in Phoenix. Her father was a food executive who kept the family on the move. She also grew up in Albuquerque, Passos Salt Lake City LA in the bay area, was there that she met Lindsey Buckingham during her senior year of high school, and the rest, of course, is Fleetwood MAC history. Also happy birthday to jewel kilter, better known just as jewel born this week in Payson, Utah, although she grew up in Homer, Alaska with no running water, just a coal stove and outhouse. Her grandfather, by the way, was a delegate to the Alaska constitutional convention jewel, and her father played in Rhode houses, and hotels, Anchorage, as a father daughter do. And then after studying music at the interlock, an arts academy Michigan, she got her big break playing coffeehouses in San Diego. It was also. This week in eighteen ninety nine that a sometime singer named Pearl Hart held up a stagecoach, Arizona. I love this story of Pearl heart. It's one of these wild west tales that is impossible to nail down. You read three different accounts of her life, you'll get six different versions of what happened, but here is the gist of it. She was born Pearl Taylor. In Ontario, Canada her parents were well off. She went to finishing school as a teenager. She eloped with a gambler and a drunkard named Fred heart or maybe his name was Frank heart, Pearl, and Fred, or Frank ended up in Chicago at the world's fair of eighteen ninety three where Pearl was in transit by buffalo bill's wild west show, Pearl left her abusive husband and got on a train to Trinidad Colorado, where she became a saloon singer and discovered she was pregnant she sent the child back to her mother in Canada. Or maybe her mother was in Ohio, at that point somewhere along. The way Pearl ended up back in Phoenix. And she realized that the old west of buffalo Bill stage show didn't exist anymore. Pearl took a job as a cook, and took in laundry, and then her husband showed up in town and begged her to take him back. They moved to Tucson and had another child who ended up back with grandma at some point in this story, most of the histories agree that Fred, or Frank or whatever his name was took off, again, once the money ran out this time to enlist in the military, he joined teddy Roosevelt's rough riders and Cuba. Spanish-american war, Pearl, apparently, told people, she hoped her husband would be killed by the Spanish in any case by eighteen ninety. Eight parole was living in the town of mammoth. Arizona, she might have been working to cook. She might have been running a brothel. She might have been the sole employee of said, brothel. She fell in with a guy known as Joe boot. But that is probably not his real name either Pearl dot a letter saying that her mother. Had fallen ill and needed money for medical bills, so Pearl, and Joe decided to do what any reasonable couple would do in this scenario. They decided to rob a stagecoach. It was one of the last stage coaches left in the west ran from Florence globe. It hadn't been robbed for years. So there was no shotgun, rider, just a driver and salesman on board who would be flush with cash. The date was may, thirtieth eighteen ninety nine Pearl cut. Her hair short put on Joe's clothes, and pack, the thirty eight revolver. Joe's armed with the Colt. Forty five the robbery, went more or less, according to plan when the stagecoach stopped at a watering hole. Joe held the driver and passengers at gunpoint while Pearl relieved them of four hundred thirty one dollars. It's about thirteen thousand dollars today, and then she felt sorry for the passengers so she gave me two dollar back for food. It took off toward Bentson along the San Pedro river. And the stagecoach driver went off to tell the sheriff it was. At this point that Pearl Joe's plan fell apart. It's not clear whether they got lost, or just didn't know what they do. Once they robbed the stagecoach, or maybe this was some crazy plan to try and lose anyone who's following them. They spent several days wandering around southern Arizona more or less than circles a sheriff's posse finally caught up with them about a week later surrounding pearling Joe as they slept. Now the county jail in Florence didn't have facilities for lady stagecoach robber, so Pearl ended up in Tucson or possibly globe, a national media frenzy, followed cosmopolitan magazine described her as quote, just the opposite of what would be expected of a woman, stage robber, which I suppose makes all sorts of sumptious about what one expects when women robs a stagecoach, a local fan, even brought her a Bob cat. Cub as a pet which apparently was okay with jail because Pearl wasn't even kept in a regular jail sale. She was held in a room with laugh and plaster walls. So you can guess where the story goes, next that Octo ber, Pearl carved in eighteen inch hole in the wall. Possibly with some help from the friendly locals or maybe she had another inmate helper. All the stories differ a little bit here. Anyway. She escaped two weeks later. She was captured in New Mexico and brought back for trial, along with Joe boot who never seems to get a real last name in this story at the trial, Pearl played the sympathy card telling the jury she needed money to go help her sick mother. And that line worked the jury acquitted, both of them. The judge however, was furious and had them re-arrested, the second trial was apparently for interfering with US mail, unless it was also for unlawfully carrying a gun regardless, that second jury was less sympathetic Parolin Joe were convicted. He got thirty years in prison. She got five neither would end up serving anything close to that Joe scape from the Yuma prison in nineteen o one and he was never heard. From pearl. However, love the spotlight. The warden gave her a larger cell and a small yard, where she would entertain reporters and guests, but by nineteen o to someone had had enough of pearls jailhouse antics, she may have gotten pregnant, which would of course, be difficult for the warden to explain the territorial governor pardoned Pearl on the condition that she leave the state, they let her out of prison and put her on a train to Kansas City, Pearl met up with her sister. They're written a play about Pearl's robbery. She started that play for a while. She might have joined up with buffalo bill's wild west show or toured on the vaudeville circuit. It's not entirely clear. What happened after that she may have run a cigar store in Kansas City, and died there in nineteen twenty five some say she ended up in San Francisco living until nineteen fifty two, but most accounts put Pearl back in Aaron tone. And maybe that's just because that's the most romantic ending to this story, a census taker in nineteen. Forty claimed that fused living under the name Pearl Bywater having married a rancher finally settled down. And if that's the case, then Pearl Hart lived well into her eighties, very long life for the only woman known to have robbed Arizona stage coach one hundred twenty years ago this week in western history. That's it for this episode of go west, young podcast, reminder that we're planning live episodes of the show this summer. We could head Arizona New Mexico up to Wyoming Montana syndrome ideas for topics and guests to podcast, western priorities dot org. Thanks again, to Mike Mayer for sharing the story of his epic road trip link to his website, of course, is in the show notes, and best of luck to you, Mike as to just to life, back in the real world. If you enjoy this episode, please go leave us a review on apple podcasts, or just hear the episode with a friend. I'm Aaron Weiss and on behalf of all of us at the center for western priorities. Thanks for listening.

Pearl dinosaur national monument National Park Service Mike Mayer Hawaii Parolin Joe Theodore Roosevelt United States Pearl Hart National Park Service Arizona Ryan Zinke Pearl Guam America Rangers California Aaron Weiss Mike badlands national park
Encore: National Parks | Rough Rider | 3

American History Tellers

42:44 min | 3 weeks ago

Encore: National Parks | Rough Rider | 3

"Join one re plus in apple podcasts. Or the wandering app to listen to american history tellers early and ad free. This is a special encore presentation of our series on america's national parks as many of us return to traveling but remain mindful of social distancing. Our national park system is experiencing record attendance but many visitors may be unaware of the turbulent and sometimes controversial histories behind such natural wonders as yosemite yellowstone. And the grand canyon in this series. We'll meet the naturalists politicians and eccentrics who fought to preserve the most beautiful an unblemished corners our country and we'll also meet the indigenous peoples and early settlers who sometimes fought back imagine. It's one twenty five pm. Friday the thirteenth nineteen one. You and some friends are on a climbing expedition in the adirondacks. You've just ascended. Five hundred feet from the top of mount marcy the highest peak in new york. Your party leader organized this trip. His family has joined too. But when you all awoke this morning the thick drizzle convinced his wife to bring their children to a lower point on the mountain. What your leader wished to push on and so at nine. Am you and several other friends. Joined him on the climb. It took three hours to reach. The summit offered a spectacular view. As you made your way back down you all agreed that the lake on the mountain southwest slope. The locals call it. Tear of the clouds was a prime spot to enjoy a light lunch of sardines and heart attack. As you you notice. Your friend is quieter than usual. What's the matter theodore not enough variety of flora and fauna or. Are you finding it hard to talk our ears off again today. He gives a polite laugh but he seems melancholy. Now i just hadn't expected this to be the last high peak. I climb you have plenty of peaks left to. You're only forty two forty-three in six weeks still. Your life is installing in middle age. You feel certain. He is destined for great things and higher peaks as a young man. He had a meteoric rise to fame and power becoming a thorn in the side of career politicians in both new york and washington. He should still be governor but party bosses maneuvered him into the dulles job in the nation vice president of the united states a position that provides no power or independence and prevents a man with ambition from doing anything worthwhile. I never should have accepted this job. Cheer off there's always law school teddy scouse at you but are both thinking the same thing after this term. He's done in politics. You might as well start considering next steps now. Even in crisis on useless madman shoots mckinley and they pay me off on vacation. There's value in reassuring. People teddy president is going to be fine. That's what they said. At least at least. I get to be here. He takes a deep breath of the high altitude air and looks up at mount marcy. You know more than anything. Your friend prayed for the president's recovery. When mckinley was shot a week ago and it seems his prayers have been answered. What he's only human and you can tell that this entire trip he's been reflecting on how close he came to reaching that other peak the office of the president your friend. One of the most admirable men you've ever had the pleasure of knowing was a single breath away from being as close to king as this nation allows. Suddenly you see something. Who's that down there. It's a man arranger hustling the hillside. He's soaking wet. But you can tell us not from the early drizzle. It's sweat both you and teddy stand as it gets closer announcer in his hand. He clutches the yellow slip of telegram. He thrusts the letter out to teddy. Who opens it. Reads it to himself so everything. All right looks out over the horizon. Absently hands you the telegram. The president is critically ill. Stop is condition is grave stop. Oxygen is being given stop absolutely no hope. Stop members of the cabinet. Thank you should lose. No time coming stop you look up your heart. Pounding but teddy is already halfway to his horse in one motion. He swings himself up. You call out after him godspeed teddy. He nods you and takes off down the mountainside in your mind the royal proclamation rings king is dead long live the king american history tellers to sponsored by clave you attention e commerce founders entrepreneurs hustlers marketers and growth hackers. If you're working round the clock to build your dream ecommerce business. You need an e commerce marketing platform that works just as hard as you do. That means unique. Clave you with claudio. You'll delight customers and drive revenue at the same time with personalized email. Sms marketing campaigns. That you can design and send in minutes plus building. A marketing campaign is drag and drop easy. You can get started with your first campaign in under an hour. An easily build from there with clavier best-performing templates to get started with a free trial of clavijo visit. Flavio dot com slash. Listen that's k. L. a. v. i. y. o. dot com slash list american. History tellers is sponsored by carmax. Maybe you've got a car to sell or maybe you're looking to trade in or maybe you're lying in bed at two. Am wondering what your car's worth will wonder no more. Just grab your phone and head to carmax dot com. Answer a few simple questions and in two minutes or less. You'll get an offer for your car. That's good for seven days. Now you're in the driver's with a full week to shop it around and think it over and carmax will buy your car even if you don't buy there's so don't lose another minute of sleep wondering what you can get for your car know where you stand with an instant offer from carmax real offers real fast carmax the way it should be from wondering i'm lindsey graham and this is american history tellers our history. Your store few door. Roosevelt was never supposed to be president. Vice president was a job for politicians. Put out the pasture. Party leaders had pressured. Republican candidate william mckinley to make roosevelt running-mate for two reasons first roosevelt's popularity as a hero of the spanish. American war could give mckinley a much desired bump in the polls and second by electing him vice president. New york politicians would remove roosevelt from state. Politics his brash independent style governor of new york annoyed the party bosses and they believe the position of vice president would strip him of his political influence. Roosevelt feared the same thing but he was undeniably popular at the republican nominating convention in philadelphia in nineteen hundred twenty thousand representatives chanted. We want teddy. We want teddy until he reluctantly accepted the nomination. After he and mckinley one roosevelt fretted that his political career was indeed over but mark. Hanna the ohio. Senator who is head of the republican party wasn't so sure he worried now that roosevelt stood one heartbeat away from the presidency. What if something went wrong. When mckinley was shot six months into his second term young anarchist at the world's fair. It seemed hannah's worst fears had come true at first president mckinley. Gunshot wound did not seem that bad. His attending physician even declared his breasts. Wound was no more than a gash on the ribs but infections spread quickly and then became gangrene is sassoon's bullet may not have kill the president immediately but within a few days it took his life at forty two years old theodore roosevelt was thrust into the highest office in the country. He was the youngest president in history. The political schemers plan had backfired and hannah was disgusted. He vented now. Look that damned cowboys. President of the united states born into a wealthy new york family. Roosevelt was the pride and joy of his socialite mother. His father theodore senior was a businessman and philanthropist who imparted lessons on the importance of protecting the weak and helpless especially children and animals. Roosevelt himself was a sickly child. Drawing up he often found himself confined to his bedroom suffering from debilitating asthma but while his body was week. His mind was curious. Turning to books he quickly developed a passion for the natural world. Nothing interested him more than animals and zoology at nine years. Old roosevelt wrote a paper titled the natural history of insects. With the help of a family friend. He became an avid taxidermist. He collected birds. Rodents and reptiles even establishing the roosevelt museum of natural history. In a room of his family's brownstone on more than one occasion family housekeepers quit when they found animals. That roosevelt had collected carefully preserved in the kitchens icebox. His parents wealth allowed the family to travel abroad for his health. They visited the swiss alps for the clear air and egypt so the dry heat could help asthma when roosevelt was twelve. His father said his son a challenge. You have the mind but you haven't got the body to do all you can with your mind. You must have a body to match it. Those words. marta. Turning point for roosevelt he began using the gymnasium. His father had installed in the family home through exercise. He transformed from a frail sickly boy into a healthy young man his asthma disappearing but the new dry for physical fitness didn't slow down his studies. In fact they increased his interest in the natural world. now he could enjoy long hikes hunting and camping activities previously unavailable to him. This passion for the outdoors would stay with him till his dying days. Roosevelt's drive also eventually pushed him into politics after becoming the youngest man ever elected to the new york state assembly in eighteen eighty one. He donated his taxidermy collection to the smithsonian but his personal life took a different turn. Roosevelt was married a year before his political career took off in eighteen. Eighty four after three years of marriage and just two years into his term with the legislature. He abruptly lost both his wife and his mother. They died within a few hours of each other. His wife of kidney failure and his mother of typhoid fever after their deaths roosevelt retreated to the solitude of the west. He became a cattle rancher on the banks of the little missouri river in the dakota badlands for frontier left roosevelt with calloused and sunburned skin but it soothe his spirit and he returned many times over the next few years when a particularly brutal winter wiped out his cattle herd in eighteen eighty six. He got out of the cattle business and returned to new york with an even greater appreciation for nature and he became an author. Roosevelt publishes first book hunting trips of ranch man detailing his early experiences out west in eighteen. Eighty five but forest and stream magazine. The country's premier publication for outdoorsman gave the book a mixed review the magazine's editor. George bird grinnell suggested that as a new yorker and a newcomer to the west roosevelt had overlooked some of the nuances of the region. He loves so we are sorry to see that a number of hunting myths are given as fact but it was after all scarcely to be expected that with the author's limited experience he could sift the wheat from the chaff and distinguish the true from the false. Roosevelt was outraged by what he saw as the magazine's condescending tone. He stormed into the field stream office and demanded see grinnell after several minutes of awkward and heated discussion. Roosevelt eventually conceded that grenell's knowledge exceeded his own the to became friends bonding over their mutual love of nature hunting and the preservation of big game animals maginness december eighteen eighty seven. You've stepped into a warm house near oyster bay on long island houses name sagamore hill as you enter a made takes your coat and offers you a drink. Your cousin george bird grinnell has invited you to a party hosted by his friend theodore roosevelt roosevelt. Personally but you know he's involved in politics as you enter a trophy room. You notice a collection of new york's finest bankers industrialists philanthropists. Roosevelt's going to ask you for money you know your sugar refinery has been doing well lately. You hate these kind of gatherings. Despite your success you're much more comfortable escaping to the woods state than sipping whisky with aristocrats. That's when george greets you hearty handshake but before you can formally say hello. You hear a commotion from across the room. Come now roosevelt. you must be joking. I'm not it's important if we don't organize do something there won't be anything. Left hunters are clearing the west of big game with every sunrise. You don't find anything contradictory to the idea that you an avid hunter are attempting to invest our influence and money into protecting big game. I'm looking to safeguard the natural world. That man has been running roughshod over these last two decades the hunting and yellowstone is just a start. I believe i remember a time. Not too long ago when you were saying how you long for a bison head to hang in this very library the very animal you are now. Claiming is endangered. You raise your eyebrows george. But he shakes his head as if to say. He appreciates roosevelt's enthusiasm. that's when you realize. The room is nearly silent except for the two feuding men in the corner. The point of this organization is to promote the idea of fair chase hunting big game. Should we done in an ethical way. Species should be able to live naturally in the wild and not be confined by artificial barriers. And what do you do about commercial hunting. We need to eliminate market hunting altogether allowing it to continue will inevitably lead to the extinction of species that have existed for thousands of years controlling. The hunts will allow us to conserve lands for generations to come. And you really think you can do all that my good man with the help of the people in this very room. I know that we can fire. And this man is unlike anything you've ever seen before with his enthusiasm confidence. If he ever ran for office he'd have your vote. George introduces you to roosevelt. George tells me you're a love of the outdoors. There are a few things. I enjoyed better than a hike in the silent. Force upstate. well we're establishing an organization of sorts for the conservation of nature's wonders. Our goal is to support the ideas of forced and natural resource management restricted natural resource use game habitat preservation and clean water. This is the last thing you were expecting on your right here. You and george have discussed these kinds of ideas and private but never realized there were others. That felt the same. What do we called roosevelt cockeyed. We you're a member already. He smiles at. George slaps on the back. We named ourselves after the two greatest hunters in american history. Where the boone and crockett club. The founding of the boone and crockett club in eighteen eighty. Seven helped lead the charge. A new growing wave of conservationism the membership which included prominent businessmen politicians artists and scientists unanimously voted roosevelt. Their club president in the groups eighteen eighty seven constitution. The members named their first goal to promote manly sport with a rifle at the same time. They aimed to work for the preservation of the large game of this country and safar as possible to further legislation for that purpose and to assist in enforcing the existing laws. They got their chance in eighteen. Ninety four as poaching logging and business interests threatened to destroy yellowstone national park following the capture of poacher edgar. How roosevelt grenell and boone. And crockett club wrote editorials lobbied washington's rich and gave speeches to the politically powerful as a result president. Grover cleveland signed a bill for the protection of yellowstone in eighteen. Ninety four when roosevelt was suddenly catapulted into the presidency he carried his desire to defend forest and wildlife with him but he needed to test the waters i move too quickly to establish preserves and his political opponents would complain that he was violating states' rights having spent time as a rancher roosevelt understood their struggles to supply water in the american west. He hoped to find an environmentally friendly way to make their lives better. He found his test case with newlands. Reclamation act the nineteen. O bill authorized the federal government to create water diversion and retention projects in arid lands something. Roosevelt felt was badly needed in western states. The idea was to build water resources in areas. Where irrigation was difficult to encourage population. Growth reclaiming them for settlement. If water wasn't helping people roosevelt who is being wasted. The bill worked. Dry fields were transformed into green pastures and farming families began to move in but with them increasing pressure on the land and waterways. Roosevelt's i move toward. Environmental intervention was political. Success but wireless intentions were noble. What was good for. Humans wasn't necessarily good for the environment. One of the projects was the lower yellowstone irrigation district which involved diverting water from the yellowstone river to residents in north dakota and montana. It didn't occur to roseville that hydraulic drilling could harm. Yellowstone's environment that recognition would only come generations later. Roosevelt was establishing a legacy of conservation in the presidency. He had inherited but he was facing a new election in one thousand nine hundred four if he was to continue this legacy if he wanted to ensure that his country's greatest natural treasures were preserved. He'd need to win reelection. He'd need to meet the people he'd need to see these lands for himself. He'd need to get on a train. American history tellers is sponsored by better help everyone stub their toe and everyone knows it really hurts and everyone knows the pain will go away though. He might have to swear a few times. While hopping around the room for not everyone knows how painful emotions can get and how they don't just go away. Sometimes the pain only grows worse and no amount of swearing or hopping will help but talking. Might when you're ready for that better help is therefore you better help will assess your needs a match you with your own. Licensed professional therapist. Someone can begin communicating with in under forty eight hours. It's not a crisis line. 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Podcast listen now wherever you get your podcast maginness november fourteenth nineteen to your onward mississippi. Your bear hunting with the president. What does not nearly as exciting as it sounds. The two of you have spent all morning hunkered down in a blind keeping quiet and waiting for bears to stumble into your line of sight. It's not going well over the last several days the president has shot nothing. He's clearly getting frustrated. Being confined to this box hiding daily check ins by reporters aren't helping so much for my reputation as a great hunter. I wish we didn't have to stay in this damnable bear blind. I'd like to be out there with collier. I know colonel but the other members of the party artists surprise you. They find it more gentlemanly for the bears to come to them since arriving. He's asked that. No one referred to him as mr president. You and the local started calling him colonel. After his time with the rough riders in the spanish american war he sits back grumbles. Heirs are not rare little sunflower. And he's right. This part of the little sunflower river is well populated with bears. And you hired holt. Collier the best bear tractor in the country to help you. He's killed over sixteen hundred them to date and you know he's finding them. The problem is chasing them into the president's line of sight. You'll get something soon carl. I'm certain you start to hear the dogs barking distance. I think i hear them coming but then the sound starts to die away going the other way. I'm heading back to camp to get lunch. Come get me of any happens. He hasn't gone but ten minutes when you hear it. Giant roar and the barking of dogs following the horrible sounds of the animals. You find a bear attacking. Call your favorite dogs. Dogs are lunging snapping at the beer from all directions. Yelling as you make your way back to the campsite. We've got one karnal hurry this way. It's monstrous that famous smile explodes across roosevelt's face. Holly leaps onto his horse and you lead the way but it's quiet unusually quiet. Are you certain it was this way. That's when collier appears motions for you to follow him as you get closer. You see one of the most depressing sites of life. The black bear is tied to a tree unconscious. Torn and bitten by dogs knocked out by the body of colliers gone. It lies barely breathing. It's two hundred thirty pounds at most nowhere near as big as you thought. In the heat of the moment you try to hide your disappointment in motion for the president to shoot but when the president sees the bear. His smile receipts his gun. Slumps colonel. Who make a nice addition to your collection roosevelt. Jeff shakes his head. There's no sport in this. He's put it out of its misery. He turns his back to feed it. Heads back toward the camp. You suddenly understand. He is angry because he can't return with a nice trophy. He is upset because he respects the beasts he kills. It bothers him to see any animal humbled. So unfairly roosevelt's hunting trip continued for another three days but the story spread across the country before he stepped out of the mississippi missed. Newspapers applauded the president for his sportsmanlike refusal. To kill for the sake of killing the bear was instead of shot and sport euthanized in mercy but an artist for the washington. Post lampoon the story by drawing a cartoon of roosevelt turning away from a cuddly bear cub refusing to shoot it. The cartoon was titled drawing the line in mississippi in brooklyn new york. A candy shop owner named morris. Mitch saw the cartoon gave him an idea. After securing permission from the president he and his wife began producing stuff. Toy in honor of the event. They called it teddy bear and it would become one of those popular toys in history but roosevelt's respect for animals did not just extend to those he hunted by nineteen o three the avian population of pelican island. Florida was being decimated at the time. Rare bird feathers were all the rage for women's hats and ornithologist on fifth avenue once spotted the plumage of forty different bird species. In a single our pelican island was the last brown pelican breeding colony on the east coast of florida without action. The extinction of the pelican island birds was a certainty roosevelt. A burden thirstiest since childhood was told what was happening. Pelicans were one of his favourite species. He admired the sleek way scoop fish from the water sickened by the slaughter for the sake of fashion. Roosevelt sought advice. Is there any law that will prevent me from declaring pelican island of federal bird reservation. His advisors told him no the island was federal property very well then roosevelt replied i so declare it. The creation of the pelican island bird reservation was one of the first steps toward modern environmental protection and roosevelt's first taste of the power of the presidential pen in time he would learn to leverage it to meet his conservation goals but first he would take a trip that would change his life and redirect the efforts of the budding conservation movement the great loop tour at the time. The great luke tour was the most complex cross country journey ever undertaken by a sitting. Us president the nineteen o. Three trek would take roosevelt from yellowstone through the midwest and southwest to the grand canyon and finally to yosemite is goal was partly to showcase his conservation policies before the nineteen o four presidential election. But there was another reason. Roosevelt was genuinely eager to see the greatest natural wonders. The country had offer before he left. Roosevelt sent a letter to famed. Conservationist john burroughs whom he added invited to join him in yellowstone. The two men had been exchanging letters for years discussing natural history roosevelt wrote. I am overjoyed that you can go. When i get to yosemite i shall spend four days with john muir much. Though i shall enjoy that i shall enjoy more spending the two weeks in yellowstone with you. I doubt if there is anywhere else in the world. Such a stretch of wild country in which the native wild animals have become so tame. And i look forward to being with you when we can see the elk antelope mountain sheep at close quarters. Roosevelt was anticipating something else to. He hoped to bag a cougar. During his time in yellowstone he saw mountain lions as dangerous predators that needed to be eradicated but he was aware of boroughs disgust with recreational hunting. And he knew he risked political criticism if you got caught so he solemnly promised his friend. I will not fire a gun in the park. Then i shall have no explanations to make their trip to yellowstone lasted from april eight. Th to the twenty fourth burroughs wrote about it in his book camping and tramping with roosevelt dress in his khaki pants black jacket and statin roosevelt explored cave spied songbirds inspected pine cones and study. Topographical aberrations taking notes. The same way he did as a child in his own. Natural history museum boroughs noted that roosevelt was evidently hungry for the wild and aboriginal. He craved once more to be alone with nature. This surprise boroughs who viewed roosevelt has an extrovert. Even more surprising was when roosevelt sent away his secret service detail non essential personnel and reporters for his entire. Stay in the park. The press was not happy they had been sent document. Roosevelt's adventures with little to go on rumors began to circulate at one point. The new york times incorrectly printed that roosevelt had shot mountain line within the park. Roosevelt was livid but he felt he was wrong to call out a paper. He had a long standing relationship with upon learning the truth. The times later published an apology and clarification while some papers scrimped to find even the most meagre of stories others simply became annoyed with roosevelt's lack of transparency at yellowstone. The new york morning tribune ran a piece on april twenty. Second nineteen or three than mocked the wild story circulating in the absence of real news. President roosevelt on his trip through yellowstone park did not fall into a canyon was not attacked by a bear was not showered with hot. Liquid from a geyser and was not almost lost in the snow. The president needs a new press agent. On his final days in yellowstone the locals asked roosevelt to lay the cornerstone for a railway arch near the entrance unhappy to take off his camping gear. Roosevelt reluctantly through on a suit and headed over expressing his love for the park. He addressed the crowd. The yellowstone park is something unique in this world. As far as i know nowhere else in any civilized countries there to be found such attractive veritable wonderland made accessible to all visitors. Where at the same time not only the scenery of the wilderness. But the wild creatures at the park are scrupulously preserved as they are here. The only change being that these same wild creatures have been so carefully protected as show literally astounding painless after parting ways with burroughs. Roosevelt traveled through south dakota nebraska and parts of the midwest. He arrived at the grand canyon on may sixth roosevelt's jaw reportedly dropped in amazement when he first saw what locals dubbed the big ditch but roosevelt was even more shocked to discover that the state was considering opening up the canyon for mining to protect it from such a fate. The idea of turning the grand canyon into a national park had i been raised back in the eighteen eighties but three bills had failed in congress due to resistance across the state. At the time the williams sun newspaper northern arizona had railed against the national park plan calling it a fiendish diabolical scheme the paper opined in an op-ed that whoever came up with the conservation notion at obviously been suckled by a sow and raised by an idiot. The fate of arizona depends exclusively upon the development of her mineral resources. Roosevelt disagreed with this line of reasoning. He called for a forum of arizona locals to discuss the grand canyon. I want to ask you to do one thing in your own interest and the interest of all the country keep those great wonder of nature as it is now. I hope you won't have a building of any kind tomorrow. The grandeur and subliminally of the canyon. You cannot approve upon the ages have been at work on it and man can only more it. Keep it for your grandchildren. All who come after you. As one of the great sites for americans to see it would take another three years. Before the fate of the grand canyon was decided. In the meantime the trip through yellowstone with boroughs helped confirm roosevelt's views that the actions he took to protect nature had been justified and the journey to the grand canyon had helped him recognize that. Even the country's greatest natural treasures were threatened by commerce and development roosevelt's time with john muir in yosemite it would change the course of the american conservation movement. Roosevelt was about to learn that if he was truly going to leave a mark would need to do it himself. I'm investigative journalist. Dave collie you can listen to my podcast cold streaming now on amazon music season one focuses on the unsolved disappearance of a woman named susan powell find and follow cold in the amazon music app to get every episode. Roosevelt continued his great loop tour from the grand canyon. He moved on to california heading up the pacific coast he made stops in riverside pomona pasadena and los angeles. Eventually arriving in san francisco on aether teeth over two hundred thousand people packed the hilly streets in an attempt to see him. Roosevelt left the city. Two days later to meet john muir in the yosemite valley now an old man with a grizzled beard moore had dedicated his life to experiencing and preserving nature. While the main focus of roosevelt's trip west have been pre election appearances like the one he just made he wanted no such thing in yosemite sending a letter ahead to muir roosevelt wrote. I want to draw politics absolutely for four days. And just be out in the open with you but for muir. This trip was a chance to speak directly into the ear of the most important man in the country about his favorite topic. The preservation of yosemite in eighteen ninety mir had successfully campaigned to protect the meadow surrounding the yosemite valley by getting congress to turn them into a national park but the move hadn't included the valley itself or the mariposa grove discovered by galen clark they had state under state control muir wanted roosevelt to do something about it. Canceling a trip abroad with friends. Mir told them an influential man from washington wants to make a trip into the sierra. With me i might be able to do some force good in freely talking around. A campfire mir saw has adding with the president as a chance of a lifetime and he bought a brand new woollen suit for the occasion on. The morning of may fifteenth roosevelt. Pulled into the train station for raymond. The last stop before you semi to his dismay he was once again. Mobbed by eager supporters waving flags. Aband- even heralded. his arrival. the president was annoyed. This was supposed to be the quiet part of his trip. He was dressed down and baggy breeches neckerchiefs and some borough still on a cheerful face. He greeted the crown. His sincere delight show through when he finally met with mirror mirror was less pleased he'd expected have more time alone with the president but he was quickly herded onto a stage coach with california governor. The secretary of the navy. The surgeon general several other politicians advisors journalists photographers and surrounding them. A small army of thirty cavalryman. Clearly muir wasn't going to receive the alone time he had hoped for. The naturalist grew sullen. The president's group headed i to the mariposa grove your love so dearly. After taking a group photo next to the trunk of the oldest sequoia in the park virtually all the presidential party headed back to the won't a hotel for a grand dinner in the president's honor what none of them knew was that roosevelt would not be attending. Maginness may fifteenth nineteen ninety-three and your camping under the grizzly giant. The oldest known sequoia in the world. You are a park ranger responsible for setting up. The campsites for president theodore roosevelt. You've been prepping the campsite. Since the rest of the presidential party left the fire you built is blazing. you've organized. Forty thin will an army blankets into a bed for the president. You're honored to be part of this trip but you are also off the second man. You're attending to john muir. His name is synonymous with the part that you are dedicated to protecting it was moore's writing that brought this natural wonder to your attention in the first place. You are here to assist. Should either of these two great men need anything but for all intents and purposes. You're meant to as the tree. You sit hunter but that doesn't stop you from listening. I can't believe you don't know your birdsongs. How many years have you spent within this great force. There are birds that if i whistle a certain way. They'll answer me. I tell. I spent a great many years here. Mr president while i can't mimic yosemite every sound i've been lucky enough to see these lands before what they've become you've suspected from the way muir has carried himself since the start of this trip. He's had something on his mind now. Seems you'll it. Roosevelt sits up intrigued. And what do you mean by that before. They've become what when i first came here. Yosemite wasn't eaten untouched by man. Now it's plundered by timber thieves and overrun by sheep herders. The state controller's feel they have other things to important on their minds to pay attention to an old man's worry for sacred trees. You don't feel the state is up to the task of protecting this beautiful park. My main point is to make you understand the need for preserving the forest the way it is. Well that's been my goal for many years preserving what we have true but the state of california has turned this majestic place into farming grounds and allowed it to become a waste bin for sightseers. The roads are littered with bottles and the landscape defiled by reckless tourism. Well what would you have me do. I can't split control between the state and federal government. Double controls will will only lead. Triple the troubles. I couldn't agree. More what i ask is that you return yosemite valley and the mariposa grove to federal protection. As you've done the entire evening you remain silent. Everything mir has said tonight has been justified but with yosemite under state control his complaints till now have fallen on deaf ears now here in front of the most powerful man in the country these pleading the same case but will the president listen. Roosevelt and mirrors yosemite visit has been called. The most important camping trip in history afterward moore told friends. I never before had so interesting. Hearty and manley a companion fairly fell in love with him for roosevelt's part. It seemed his time with moore had surpassed his expectations. Whatever doubts he had expressed ahead of the trip in his letter to john burroughs. He told reporters afterward it was bully. I had the time of my life. Roosevelt later wrote of your. He was what few nature lovers are. A man able to influence contemporary thought and action on the subjects to which he had devoted his life. He was a great factor in influencing the thought of california and the thought of the entire country so as to secure the preservation of those great natural phenomenon wonderful canyons giant trees slopes of flour spangled hillsides which may california a veritable garden of the lord returning from his trip. Roosevelt was recharged with the love for the outdoors. But he understood he still had work to do. The time spent with moore had helped the president understand that yosemite and the mariposa grove could not be trusted in the hands of the states. Federal intervention was required to protect these natural wonders to keep his conservationist agenda on track. He would need to amplify it in. March nineteen o five. Roosevelt began his second term. This time as the president the country chose a little over a year later. He signed a pair of laws that would prove key to his environmental legacy. The yosemite recession bill signed june nineteen o six took the yosemite valley grant mariposa grove of giant sequoias. Out of the control of the state of california instead it plays some solely under the protection of the federal government as yosemite national park the same month roosevelt signed the antiquities act allowing the president to create national monuments from federal lands. The goal was to establish legal protections for important cultural and natural resources and as soon as the law was official roosevelt. Set to work before the year was out. He set aside. Four new sites including devils tower in wyoming el moro in new mexico and montezuma castle and the petrified forest in arizona eventually the law would be used to protect many other areas. Such as south dakota is jewel cave. Utah's natural bridges and washington's mount olympus. Another of these sites was the grand canyon. In january nineteen o eight roosevelt secured nearly eight hundred thousand acres of the grand canyon as a national monument. Paving the way for woodrow wilson to eventually designated a national park in nineteen nineteen. Roosevelt would describe the grand canyon as the most beautiful scenery in the world. Roosevelt would leave behind a legacy of conservation in the course of his presidency. He established one hundred fifty national forests five national parks and eighteen national monuments. He protected approximately two hundred thirty million acres of public land. He saw in. America's natural wonders riches that surpass material wealth in his view conservation was intrinsically linked to the idea of manifest destiny. The country now stretched from coast to coast he saw places like yellowstone yosemite the grand canyon as hard won trophies their splendor earned through successful american expansion. The country needed to protect these natural treasures for future generations. And hold them up as evidence of american greatness. Roosevelt jump started at progressive era of environmental reform. His impact on the conservation and creation of national parks and monuments would be felt for generations. What his record was not spotless. Just two months before. Roosevelt signed the antiquities act. A massive earthquake rocked san francisco and set off an epic battle to secure the city's water supply. That would leave a stain on your seventy and roosevelt's legacy for decades to come on the next episode of american history tellers to of roosevelt's closest allies have a philosophical falling out over proposed dam. That might save san francisco but drown portion of john muir's favorite place on earth from wondering this episode three of national parks for american history. Tellers if you like our show please give us a five star rating and review and be sure to tell your friends. I also have two other podcasting. Nightline american scandal and business members. Follow on apple. Podcasts amazon music. Or wherever you listening right now or you can listen to new episodes early and ad free by subscribing to one re plus in apple podcasts. Or you also find some links and offers from our sponsors and the episodes supporting them helps us keep offering our shows for free another way you can support. The show is by filling out a small survey at wandering dot com slash serving. You can also find us and me on twitter and facebook. Follow the show at ah tellers. And i'm at lindsey graham lindsey with a midland link and thank you american history. Tellers is hosted edited and produced by me. Lindsey graham for airship audio production by derek. Barron's this episode is written by. Jared palmer edited and produced by jenny lower backman produced by george lavender. Our senior producer is andy. Herman our executive producers are jenny. Lower beckmann and marshal louis for wondering everyone jake. Brennan here hosted disgrace a music and true crime podcast above musicians getting away with murder and behaving very badly with episodes on the rolling stones. Cardi b. nirvana nipsy hustled the grateful dead and more streaming now on amazon music find graceland amazon music app.

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John Muir: Outdoor Enthusiast

Stuff You Should Know

47:54 min | 4 months ago

John Muir: Outdoor Enthusiast

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Post as best place to buy a diamond. Check our reviews at diamond dot com again. That's diamond dot com. Welcome to stuff. You should know a production of iheartradio. Hey welcome to the podcast. I'm josh clark. There's charles w chuck brian over there. And there's jerry rolling there and this is stuff you should know dishing if there ever was. Set your american master's voice kinda it's got a little bob. Ross to Oh happy birthday bob dylan by the way. Happy eightieth birthday to one of the great legend. Speaking great bob's okay. I was like how is that apropos of anything. He said bob. There's a lot of online. Now congratulations going around. That's good it's a throw me in there. I know you don't care about bob dylan but no i do. That's fine apparently. Don't care about john muir. This boy were snotty about this. I have no problem with john muir. Well it's not the only one other people doing stuff whatever. Let's just get into the showing until we're talking. John jamir today. That might sound familiar if you're not a member of the sierra club if your members the club you probably drop to your knees and did the secret sign when i said john muir sure just had to do it again because i said john muir and there it goes again every time we say john muir. The sierra club members have to do some weird Or if you've ever hiked portion of the john muir trail was named after him is that in yosemite. It's in california okay. Yeah it's it's part of it's in yosemite. I think. I should have looked that up. Well he is. I asked that. Because he's basically synonymous with you submit. He was a huge driving force in getting yosemite into national park status and then fully becoming. You understand it today. Have you ever been no. I haven't and i really wanted to. Because i saw some pictures online. It's really nice. It I've been to quite a few amazing national parks in the united states. Not all of them. Some been yellowstone But i've been to a lot of them in yosemite is really really up there. It is one of the more special places like it. It's pretty incredible But so john muir he. He played a huge role in yosemite becoming a national park. But also like it's really kind of selling short that impact that he had on The creation of our national park system but also like the idea of what a national park is what wilderness says what needs to be protected. How we protect it He was certainly not working in a vacuum. In that sense he was kinda tapped into this larger way of thinking for better or worse but he was a huge driving force in one of the reasons he was a huge driving force for getting america into preserving wild spaces in the face of the second industrial revolution and building railroads and just turning america into a powerhouse Because he he walked the walk for sure he was he was not just some. You know eastern greenhorn who Who had never set foot in the wilderness. But like the idea of yeah. Right he went live. Did for sure it like. He did some really wild stuff while he was living in yosemite at the time. Yeah in fact Later when he was in his late thirties he was hooked up with Ralph waldo emerson. Who is older and they really bonded. They went on a camping trip together. And i think emerson was like what you need to do. Is come back to boston emerson. Or thoreau emerson. Okay and he said. You need to come back to boston and be. Among the intelligence you advocating for the stuff and at the time john yours. I no way man i got. I got to be in the woods. Rocker dude through and through. Yeah and it would not be until later in his in his Kind of mid to late forties. the his. His life was kind of in two parts. It was the yeah the wild exploring and categorizing and a botanical categorization of everything he could find and then the mid forties on when he Was very much a political advocate. And yeah Kinda did that because he felt he had to. He would have rather had t shirt on the whole time. That said i'd rather be camping. But i also saw the. He went back after a a little. Bit of a hiatus thinking. Nine month hiatus toward the end when he finally left yosemite for good and And he felt like he was an intruder. They're like no felt like his time. There was done and he knew that he had to be out of there in the world to advocate for for the preservation of this area but also that he like he just he. That chapter was so interesting. Yeah i mean that's the they always say no no one. It's time to leave. And i guess he did. They always say that So let's talk about. John muir starting even younger than that. Yeah let's start with minute. One k He was born april twenty one eighteen thirty eight he. A scottish heritage. He was born in dunbar and came to the us when he was eleven He and his family settled in wisconsin Eventually in hickory hill on an eighty acre farm near portage his father was a very stern. Calvin est religious. Yeah like it kinda. If you ever seen the movie the which sort of along those lines are such great punishment was very heavy and strict and beat your child because they haven't memorized the bible verse to your satisfaction humane over the line. I think i'm not gonna go so far as to say there was physical abuse but there was a there was with his father. Yes for that reason. Okay i mean. I saw like corporal punishment but like you know these days spanking a kid is abuse like i don't know where it fell on the meter back then i well. I can't say where it fell on the meter. I i can't say either. Yes he would be but today he's gonna be in prison probably But one of the reasons. Ah john muir became john yours because of his father because his the wilderness in wisconsin was his refuge in his literal escape to kind of get away from him. So who knows what would have been you know what would have happened at his father not been like that. Yeah and i don't want to fully mischaracterizes father just partially he was. He was very stern. But john muir was convinced that his father loved him and cared about him in sure was even maybe a little bit proud of him in the ways that he deviated from what his father wanted for them and one of the main ways that he deviated from him was in book learning basically like all his father was concerned with was his his boys working the land farming knowing farming knowing the bible. They didn't need to know anything else. But that wasn't enough for job. You're he was basically a born tinker born engineer but he did not have free time his father was like you're either working in the field or you're studying the bible or you're getting hit with the switch by me right. It's one of those. Three things is what you're doing for all of your waking hours. Yeah and so. John muir hit upon the idea of expanding his waking hours and so as a youth he started waking up at one in the morning so that he could have five hours to himself between one. Am and six am when he was expected to start working on the farm to just read or tinker oriented. Any actually used that to really great effect. Yes so he made a lot of little inventions There was one called an early rising machine which was basically a alarm clock attached to his bed. That would quite literally tip his bed up in tip him out of it. Yeah i don't get the feeling that he needed it because he's getting up at one. Am anyway his father used. It did here But he eventually would go to the state fair and madison in eighteen sixty with a lot of his inventions and was sort of a boy wonder inventor at the time but he was. I think he had invented a lot of stuff in his teen years to though but imagine like you know a twenty two in the eighteen eighties. Like imagine the middle age guys showing up the four h. Fair being like can i inner One of the things A big relationship in his life that would last throughout his life He studied with a man named ezra carr and his wife. Jean kerr became a really big mentor for him and exposed him to you know botany basically like she was a scientist and he loved the outdoors but she was like. Hey but botany as like a real science to it and was a really big influence in his life introduced him to emerson later like literally picked out a wife for him. That was like this is who you need to marry maker then too because it seems like it because they they loved each other very much and She was totally fine with his comings and goings and all that they were good together. Comings and goings isn't going to like or pan or something that made it sound a little bit like dalliances. No no nothing like that. No as a matter of fact. I read the He left your similar at one point because of unwanted attention from a woman really like us camping in this lady hiked by look at me like i'm out of here well. He wasn't interesting dude and that he was a bit like a hermit but apparently also really enjoy these one on one conversations that people he would meet. Yeah he was kind of build as a wild man of the wilderness. Yeah but he very much craved a needed human interaction as well as a very odd. It's usually one way or the other in that sense you know. Yeah so. he's working eventually the industrial part of his life because he was such a good tinker an engineer. He got work Doing stuff like that. And in march of eighteen sixty seventy s working at a carriage. Parts shop in indianapolis is An all pierced like literally went into his eye and pierced it in for a while. He was blind in both eyes of that. It was such a bad wound that has other. I was like. I'm out to. Yeah just because i feel bad for my buddy over there sympathy blindness In this was a very monumental injury because after this he was like you know what. Forget this stuff. I don't wanna ever be around another machine with moving parts again right. And i just want to walk. He said that he beta dude all my mechanical inventions determined to devote the rest of my life to the study of all the inventions of god. Yeah he stayed religious. We should point out. Here is not like 'cause of his dad. He went atheist or something like in all of his writings and talking about the natural world. Thal ezekiel ezekiel ezekiel well. It's all very spiritual god oriented. He was like. This is my church though exactly The outdoors. Which i can you know. Respect on certain level he He he loved creation with the capital c. tour so When he's wandering like he really wander do kind of a. Johnny appleseed type almost walked from indiana where the his i guess. He recovered from his all injury All the way down to cedar key. Florida on the gulf coast a thousand miles. He says walk down there and pretty quickly to caught malaria. In cedar key almost died recovered sailed to cuba from there sailed on to panama from there and made it all the way to san francisco. And apparently there's a story that May or may not be true where he got to. San francisco was immediately overwhelmed by the the and bustle city. Yeah i think that's true and said where's the what's the fastest way out of the city. I think that's the deal. He got right out of there and the guy the guy he asked said. Well where you wanna go anywhere wild and he pointed them in the direction of semi apparently walked three hundred miles to yosemite and fell in love. That's right and on the way out of towns one-celled yelled don't forget the rice a roni the san francisco treat and he went sure. Jerry's like jerry like disgusted by joe. He's split immediately to get out there and went to california and Is in california. Well yeah we went to similarly yosemite but he walked right and he walked because for a very specific reason he walked. because that was the most intimate way to see the botanic in in And right about the botanic world around him. Yeah because this is a time when you could be like member are bone. Moore's episode that you hooked us up with who bone wars. Oh sure like this is a time where like you or i could to start studying books. And be like okay. I'm a paleontologist an okay. I'm a botanist obama. Geologists all this stuff. These fields were so young that anybody who had like half a brain in like pencil a piece of paper to basically contribute to the fields. Your and that's why. I guess he was doing along the way definitely did that. In yosemite. oh yeah. He did that every went. And it's a good lesson to like. I remember in when. Emily and i lived in la. I had a couple of times where i had to drive to my mechanic. And leave my car. And this was pre rideshare services and taxis were basically non-existent in la sidewalk these long distances home. And you you just you'd notice everything like these neighborhoods at drove around every day. All the time and you will just notice like in. Study every house every mailbox every driveway and it's israeli. Just a a lesson to people like to to walk places when you can. There's a group in the uk. I think called anglers. Yeah we talked about in the months. Okay and they're they're they. I think their motto is. They're dedicated to the idea that humans human locomotion should be no more than three and a half miles an hour speed walk. You know and that's how you take in everything. It's absolutely true. Yeah that's my two. Favorite speeds are two and a half miles an hour in like ninety five on the expressway. Right yeah yeah. What are they do. so jamir makes it to you. Have we taken a break yet. Now's ticket but i think this is a great place for your break. Don't you entering yosemite for the first time everybody imagine it. Everybody were here to talk to you about blue moon. Blue moon is on a mission to bring some brightness your life from break-up your routine right it's a delicious beer with a refreshing flavour of linzie orange peel for little subtle sweetness. Little hint of coriander which ended up is a really one of a kind refreshing beer. That's right chuck and blue moon is ready for brighter days ahead including the return of connecting with loved ones over a beer. Your favorite bar or restaurant when you finally get to do that. Amazing thing again making a blue moon. Try also trout their latest brew. 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Live our squarespace built website and is lucky that we don't have anything to sell chuck because we would be selling gangbusters with square spaces e commerce tools. That's right they've got marketing tools. Analytics got ease of use. If i can actually do this thing anybody can guess anybody. Can you can build your own website. It's true with help from squarespace. So head on over to squarespace dot com slash as why as k for a free trial and when you're ready to launch us the offer code s. y. s. k. To save ten percents off your first purchase of a website or domain squarespace. Use it. okay. So john miers in yosemite and he decides that he needs a little bit of work I think he stayed the first time for like ten days and a lot of people who know some about john muir name associated with the assembly and the national parks basically think he showed up in yosemite and never laughed and live denied there. That's not true. No he lived there for about a six year period. I think yeah. I don eighteen six seventy six years of his life. Yeah so eighteen. Sixty eight to eighteen seventy four. I believe yeah and those were about like california just totally rocked his world. Yeah once he got out there. Yeah because he was living in indianapolis so i mean basically anywhere would rock your world but imagine showing up to california in the mid nineteenth century or late nineteenth century and seeing it. Yeah and especially if you've I remember when i did my big out west trip years ago with my best friend for like four months in the summer driving through utah and arizona and everywhere there's just so blazing hot and then when you drive over especially southern california california you drive over that mountain range and it's like someone turned on the air conditioning and i just remember thinking like man imagine what it must have been like for westward expansion when they finally got into the l. a. basin. Yeah we're just like whoa staying the l. a. basin. Yeah i mean you go were that mountain range. It's just the pacific ocean breezes just kind of locked in there while it's really hot on the other side of then Yeah like death. Valley is hotter than okay till. I'm not. I'm not up on my california geography. Germany's landlocked kimmy. A break it's very lovely and cool near the coast so So yeah. I can imagine what it must've been like as like a nineteenth century something like that but he When you're got there as i was saying He he stayed for like ten days. And i was like i need some money and he went back. I guess he he hits varietals. Walked back got some more money and then he came back this music. I'm staying here for a while. So he got working as a sheepherder. One of his first jobs was hurting. Two thousand sheep up into the sierras. So much fun about He hated it. He learned to hate sheep. He called them hooved locusts and he started to despise sheep because he thought that they had a an A disproportionately bad impact on the natural surroundings eight they did they they kinda ravage similarly to a large degree right so he came to kind of see livestock as an extension of human occupation wild lands in how detrimental it was and it really occurred to him during this i little few month period where he was a sheepherder. Yeah and i think. Also the horse in The horses that lead people on expeditions and stuff yeah they also overgrazed and the cattle overgrazed and they were logging and yosemite was i think it was under the The care of the state of california is a state park at this point because it had been gifted by Well my gifted but it was a land grant. From abraham lincoln in the middle of the civil war to california. He said. i'll tell you. I mean do for you. You take semi but it was It was really mismanaged and just I mean compared to what they're doing now is in a pretty bad state. Yeah which is one reason why john muir was pushing for it to become a national park so that it would be right here of the federal government who hopefully would enforce the laws of preservation. A lot more than california had so he shows up in yosemite he starts shepherding he but more than anything. The thing that he became known for was these jaunts where he would become like the first white man to scale cathedral. Rock right He would like you know all these formations or take samples of them and send them back to like the newly forming university of california He would submit. Botany like descriptions like used basically is like exploring yosemite and documenting the whole place while at the time Taking notes for what would become a series of books essays like he really made his name as a writer like he made a career for himself just as a writer we think of him as like this conservationist naturalist and that's where he was coming from but at the time he was a successful writer and after he left. You cindy yes. I mean another big kind of central relationship for him was a man mandate robert johnson who was editor of century magazine in century magazine. Very much a sort of a progressive naturalist rag and he And we should say this. You know we're not like this is the most interesting parts of his life like he also worked for a decade or more on Once he got married he married a woman named louis Louisa wanda strength in eighteen. Eighty and her family had had a couple of daughters. Wanda and helen and her family had a fruit farm. A fruit ranch he lived there in martinez california And kinda quit doing his adventuring for a full decade and ran this farm and worked as a farmer so all the stuff was going on and then Robert underwood johnson. Basically doggedly pursued Moore and said listen man you gotta we need you. You gotta start writing again. 'cause you're the foremost naturalist in the country right now According to me and only me right and we need you to start writing stuff and start pushing for political change and he was working on this farm this whole time and eventually he was like all right. You know what do you what do you got for me. So the reason Johnson saw them out was because he made a name for himself view while he was still living in yosemite. Yeah like you can kind of look at mirrors life like he went in got all of the experience he could possibly need. And six years living basically the that whole stretch in yosemite with and then went and in like an use that experience. Is that like a nomad land reference. Living deliberately yeah now wasn't that Throw oh yeah woods deliberately living deliciously from the whigs but but it was basically like imagine if like you had like a crazy six year period in your twenties and then you spent the rest of your life exploiting that writing about it talking about it and making a name for yourself being caused celeb- from that experience that's that's basically what he did. Yeah i feel like there's a lot of people that did that. Sure who else. I don't know. I can't think of when we a great example. He went and lived in walden for what a year and that was like. We're still talking about that guy today. That's true and i've even heard that walden pond was like town was right there. Yeah it's like the the pizza hut next to the pyramids kind of like that. Sorta so mueller Another big important relationship that he made was with a president named theodore roosevelt and the theodore roosevelt is known for The two hundred and eighty million acres of federal land that he protected among other things but moore was a big reason why i mean. Roosevelt was into preservation. Anyway it's not like moore came in and completely like change his mind about everything but roosevelt knew about him and and quite literally said i would like you to take me camping in yosemite for four days. He said just the two of us. didn't they have to give the secret service the slip. Well i think there was secret service there because apparently they just never shut up in the secret service. People in like one of their journal said like these two won't shut up all they're doing this at each other about the woods so they gave him the slipper night. But i know. Originally the requests was roosevelt's like i don't want anyone around and i just want you and i had to get out there in the woods and like talk about this. Yeah like moustache wax moustache. That's right so he works hand in hand with roosevelt to do a lot of work. I think the first or one of the first national monuments they established was petrified forest in arizona which you He went out there. And it's like oh this place is kinda cool. He moved there for his daughter's health apparently and while he was there is like others petrified forest. I'll just start submitting foucault interesting. He just did the same thing there. As an older man they did earlier yosemite yet i think the deal with yosemite was because it was a state park. The actual yosemite valley wasn't part of the park boundaries. Mariposa grove of those giant sequoia trees wasn't actually part of the boundary. And muros like man. This this is what needs to be a part of the boundary more than anything. Yeah so that was one of the first things that The sierra club took up. It was basically i. Initiative john muir's synonymous with sierra club. Because he was the first president he was for. I think This whole life basically twenty years or something like that rest of his life. Yeah yeah he died in nineteen fourteen and he became the president of secure sierra club in eighteen ninety two so He helped found this organization. That still around today. Then one of the first initiatives when their first push was to get the yosemite valley and the What's the name of the forest. The or the mariposa mariposa forest in the sequoia grove included into the boundaries of the national park and there were finally successful in one thousand nine hundred six and from that success they Distorted having more and more successes and eventually expanded because initially. They were focused on the west. Basically because that's where all these people who founded the club lived and that's what they cared about they said. Well there's other places where this battle needs to be fought nice stuff and they became this national Advocacy group. That will see your pants off if you try to mess with the national park. Yeah they Opened an office in dc and sixty three and like you said went off. You know. Alaska florida very key and trying to get things like the clean air act passed the wilderness act The epa created in one thousand. Nine hundred seventy and Alaska's kind of key to and muir's life because he he gets engaged to louis. And i think in those days you kinda got just got engaged. Got married pretty quickly like there were these long drawn out engagements and but there wasn't his case because he was like all right. We're engaged. you are a good match. thank you. Gene car But i'm going to go to alaska now. And he did. he went to alaska for a period. And if you think alaska's like unchartered in wild now. I can imagine what it was like back. Then i will. I'm sure his diary was like what no snakes amazing. What the heck is this place But like i said they eventually did get married and have those daughters chief very sadly passed away in nineteen o five of cancer. Oh yeah yeah. And he Like he had to go home to be with her when she died like he was away when she was partially for part of the time when she was sick. Man said it's very sad. I guess that explains why he and his daughters were. The only ones that moved to arizona for his daughter's health. Then i guess i take. Okay let's say a kiss. She supposedly was well known for her I saw that she was a very gentle person. Very sweet person and very supportive of his efforts was truly a good match. She loved the wilderness in nature and guide and all those things. Oh she loved god. Don't get her started on god. She'd take her second break. I think so all right. You know josh yes. I am not sure why everyone thinks. Summer is downtime. Is really the busiest part of our year. That's true we're all working hard but at the same time we're trying to get our vacation time in. It's really really nice out till you wanna spend as much time as you can outdoors. There's a lot to do in the summer. That's right and we want to enjoy it as much as we can. So that means you got a recharge as often as possible and you can do this by going to your favorite starbucks where your baristas gonna know that your summer drink of choice is starbucks cold brew starbucks cold brew it served up ice cold and refreshing and the taste is exceptionally smooth. You can start the day with a starbucks cold brew or you could have another cold brew after lunch when ready to make the most of your day whether you're at work or enjoying some free time that's right order a delicious starbucks cobra at your favourite starbucks or the starbucks app after all that planning it's happening. Diy closet renovation is finally becoming a reality question is whether you put your things while you work cube smart has you covered with month to month leases and self storage solutions that make it easier to get organized online or in person getting self storage. It's convenient and fast and because diy renovations can easily go over budget. It's great to keep smart is offering up to twenty five percent off your monthly rent. See goodbye to before and hello to after with qb smart self storage visit cube smart dot com for more details. So we're talking about john muir in this year club chuck and and it's really hard to understate. What muir impact. No okay yes What impact he had. Because like i said he was a successful writer. He's really good at writing and also he did really crazy stuff like riding an avalanche There's a very famous essay that he wrote called the windstorm in the forest That he describes what it was like to climb up the top of a pine tree and hang on for hours during a storm in the sierras. Yeah how awesome nuts. it was And and like just basically saying like this. This is real. This is nature like you could. If you go out to these places you could do this stuff but it this. This is not going to be around if we keep building railroads through these places where we build dams or we let livestock graze wherever we can't just not do something it has to be preserved and protected and he inspired people during his lifetime and long after his lifetime as well. yeah the watch the pretty cool american masters documentary on this in This one guy. Historians like there was a little bit of macho involved like us great naturalist not to take anything away but like the writing the avalanche in like climbing a tree during a snowstorm at the top or a rainstorm. At the top of the mountain he said there was a little like mckee's mo- involved in that picture esque. Yeah or or boaty. From point break wait. Was that Patrick yeah or was it Keno can read that. Was johnny utah my friend. Oh that's right so boaty was or was that flee from chile peppers that's right But it was actually anthony. Kita keates that was in point break. Sure flee minute but keita's was one of the ruffians foot shot off. Think no. I know he was the leader of the bad guys surfer club. Yeah but i think flea was in that club think well was naked except for a sock on genitalia. Probably okay hands pants me to teddybears. We take our second break. Yeah we just did so. But i was leading up to something so we've been talking about. What a great guy. John muir was and that's how he was looked at respected for decades and decades by century. Actually more He was looked at a great man. Maybe a little macho sure. But that's forgivable if that much he's mos- directed toward writing trina storm rather than you know. Picking bar fights in lisbon or something like that you know. Yeah good point. Thank you so When we did our on girls scouts talked. About how like juliette. Gordon low's one of those rare historic figures from a century or so ago that you were like and actually she holds up today. Jamir is not that same way. there is a a a real I guess a mea culpa sort of reckoning. Yeah that's a great way to put it. That's exactly what. It was a reckoning by the sierra club Not too many years ago where they basically said. Hey john was great and all these ways he was also pretty racist in yeah. He was a product of his time in the way of thinking which will talk about But he was still pretty racist and in fact the whole basis of the national park system was built on this racist ideology. And it's we're still basically looking at the same way today. I mean it's interesting because the sierra club even acknowledged that the first or first years as a as as a group was based on the notion of white people trying to protect the land that white people wanted to hike through right and enjoy his as campers and recreational yes and in his earlier years. I think kinda through his thirties up until his thirties. He had sort of bad things to say about people of color whether it was indigenous peoples In the united states or black people and Used disparaging language toward them at which the whole thing with the indigenous peoples really counterintuitive because they were so aligned with his philosophies of how you in habit a land and share a land use it and don't abuse it and you know I it really doesn't make much sense. And supposedly he think in his forties he started to come around especially when he went to alaska because they Digits people served as his guides and he started to learn more from them. And i think things turned around a bit at that point yeah but The sierra club you know spent a lot of time over the past few years trying to sort of bring this delight and not whitewash it and say. Hey this is what it was not and they did a very good job of it. I think so. Yeah so i was saying that he was a product of his time in very much was there was a an idea before his time say the eighteen twenties eighteen thirties. Yeah when the west was like the frontier right and the the united states didn't really need it at the time where there is this view of the native american. Is this this Noble race that was being encroached upon by humanity in that we we needed to preserve this wild area this decades before john muir came around this idea that we needed to preserve the stuff but we also need to preserve native americans and their culture in this land that were preserved right so the initial idea for national parks was that the native americans would live on this land just as they always had and it would be their land but it would also be. America's national parks would protected and then the railroad came and all of a sudden the us started expanding further and further west faster and faster and now the the native americans weren't this group of people over there right that you could kind of idealize they were now in the way of this westward expansion so racism toward them went through the roof and now there was this idea that native american culture was already dead that the best of the the culture had died in the last decades and centuries and that it was all the white man's fault but what's done is done and so let's just make this decline into extinction as comfortable as possible and preserve native americans not on our national park land. But we'll just make reservations for them to go over there and just die off and it's sad but that's just the way it is and that is the mentality that john muir became a conservationist within the larger zeitgeist. That that you know humans should be on the land but in particular native americans shouldn't be there anyway because this is our white people land. Yeah and you know what. I'm glad. The sierra club in and people in general or more comfortable Calling this stuff what it is now like even in that american masters. That was one line where they said like you know early on. He you know he didn't even remember what they said. I don't think they say disparaging but like he said some things were not so nice for native. American indians is what they said. Did you like coffee while he was saying and it was just very quickly like they wouldn't dare say that he had racist points of view You just didn't say stuff like that. But i think now people are more comfortable saying using that word and saying you know. This is how he was for a time in his life. Yeah and we got. We got a wreck reckon with that because as part of our history of of a foundation for sure not just him like the national parks were they evicted people and not just native americans depending on where you were out. West grand canyon petrified forest yosemite yellowstone all of them required forced evictions to basically create this pristine area right that was never pristine in free of human settlement or occupation or use. That's created that. Yeah to create the national parks and they used like this idea. There is this I've read this really interesting article. Dude from two thousand seven so it would have been groundbreaking at a time. It's called ethnic cleansing. An america's creation of national parks isaac cancer and cancer points out that like the people who are setting up. In promoting these first national parks like yellowstone yosemite would say there were never native americans here anyway they were all these were all. They were afraid of spirits in this. You know in this canyon said they never hung out here anyway. But by the way Can you send some military to protect us from native american attacks while we're setting up this national car. Yeah so it's Which is Yeah basically but that's a really interesting. It was a really good read and it was very eye-opening especially for two thousand seven So i guess in closing we want to quickly mentioned one of his last What he was actually trying to do when he died and and failed at doing was preventing the damming of the hetch hetchy valley in yosemite and basically what happened in nineteen. Oh six was those a devastating earthquake and fire. That destroyed san francisco. Which i'd love to cover that as its own episode at some point basically completely destroyed it Everywhere in one of the reasons that the fire destroyed it was because their water. What do you call them water Water people their water system. I'll just say that Was destroyed by the earthquake. So san francisco said we need a better more reliable water supply and we can get in yosemite with the hetch hetchy valley. We damn that thing up and he was like. You can't do this in a national park. And he lost that effort but he made such a stink He was he was basically like there are a lot of other ways. You can get water. You're just doing this because easiest and cheapest but you can get watered to san francisco and other ways And like i said he was not successful. He did lose that battle And then passed away of pneumonia at the age of seventy six and nineteen fourteen But he they haven't there hasn't been a dam built in on national park land since then. Yeah because that battle even though he lost it it really raised awareness in it also kind of set a mindset in the public's mind that now you don't really must've national parks and i guess we had to lose one to to to get to that point You got anything else. Got nothing else. So that's john mir for you. Everybody go check out his writings and read about him and You think and also don't forget Ethnic cleansing in the creation of america's national parks good stuff And since i say good stuff of course it's time for listening me this is on. Cleft palates for malcolm who. That's new in calgary came out today. Alberta canada usa north america He has been an avid listener. Since my friend introduced me a very hungover car ride home from an iron maiden concert about five years ago. It's a great way to get turned onto the show. Thought i'd write in to share my experience with my son's cleft ballot. After listening to the episode my son was born with a midwife in june twenty nineteen and had a ton of trouble breastfeeding which in hindsight was because he couldn't get any suction couple days later. The midwife was cleft the soft palate. We took our newborn to the hospital and she was right. We became regulars at the children's hospitals cleft clinic in calgary alberta in two years later my son has had a surgery to repair his cleft palate. In another to put tubes in his eardrums Parentheses socialized healthcare is the best The tubes are common with class because the muscles that drain the ear. Canals don't foreign properly so the tubes allow fluid to leave the ear canals. When thing you didn't mention was the bifurcated yillah which i have It's related to class and that the muscles don't quite properly and it makes her. You've ula look more like a w than a teardrop. I saw them research. I forget to mention to can't believe. I forgot that We are currently visiting geneticist at the hospital. Chief cleft in my by david. You've i'm byford. You've yellow are genetically related. But i think the answer is probably yes leveling you guys look egypt so that is malcolm nice. Nice name malcolm That's great thank you very much for sharing and also racan may. Yeah that's your name my middle name. Great name sure me and my friends the other night We're hanging out me and emily and just a melissa. We are having a few drinks and we decided to start only going by middleman so it was Alex dawn renee in wayne weighing out for the rest of the night. We were just cracking jokes. Like someone and say something like that is so alex a fun things. I don't know if it's gonna stick but it was really weird to think of myself as wayne. That could be a one night. One night i think sticks. I will be really surprised. I think we determined. I determined that you don't have a relation to your middle name like an emotional connection if when you hear that name out loud you don't have any reaction like if i hear someone say a chucker someone else's chuck ago out but if i hear someone say wayne or whatever it doesn't even register name is dead to me. Yeah that's about right right. Sure all right so malcolm wanna get in touch with us like malcolm did not me the other come you want in the middle you can send us an email. Like malcolm did two stuff. Podcast iheartradio dot com stuff. You should know a production of iheartradio for more podcasts. My heart radio. Visit the iheartradio app apple podcasts. Or wherever you listen to your favorite shows the time for defense organizations to harness the power of the cloud is now discover how you can leverage cloud solutions to advance your mission at part three of gd it emerge twenty twenty one registered today at gd dot com slash emerge introducing touch free payments from paypal. A safe way for your customers to pay simply download the pay pal app and display your own unique. Qr code for your customers to scan whether you're a market seller poodle pamper piano tuner or plummer signing up to accept touch free payments for. Your business is easy touch free. Qr code payments shop safe with paypal.

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Encore: National Parks | Playgrounds of the People | 5

American History Tellers

44:09 min | Last week

Encore: National Parks | Playgrounds of the People | 5

"Join one re plus in apple podcasts. Or the wandering app to listen to american history tellers early and ad free. This is a special encore presentation of our series on america's national parks as many of us return to traveling but remain mindful of social distancing. Our national park system is experiencing record attendance but many visitors may be unaware of the turbulent and sometimes controversial histories behind such natural wonders as yosemite yellowstone. And the grand canyon in this series. We'll meet the naturalists politicians and eccentrics who fought to preserve the most beautiful an unblemished corners. Our country and we'll also meet the indigenous peoples and early settlers who sometimes fought back. Imagine it's early morning on may sixteenth. Nineteen twenty four and you're driving up a newly paved road to the entrance of yellowstone national. Park your schoolteacher. The wife of a successful lumber yard owner. It's true you support the two of you when your husband was first starting out but now ten years later construction business is booming and the lumber yard is going strong last year. The two of you splurged on a brand new dodge brothers touring sedan. You were the first in town to have won all the other teachers at school. Were complimenting you. Are you excited about the purchase. But more so about where you plan to take yellowstone ashmore park. Your husband is a nature lover but you were raised reading. Teddy roosevelt books on the outdoors. Always wanted to visit the national parks as your husband pulls up to the entrance park ranger net crisp uniform. Greet you with a smile. Warning folks first time to the park. First time we'll welcome. We love new visitors yellowstone. Do you know how we get to the river basin. Yes ma'am follow the signposts. Burpee careful around west thumb. If you're going you're the geysers you're bound to get held up by jesse james. Your husband looks confused. Who now jesse james. The bank robber you in the ranger chuckle at each other knowing. What's coming up. Oh you'll see him. Just don't feed him too much. He waves you in and your husband drives on. Befuddled was all that about just a joke. Between animal lovers. He shrugged some pulls a piece of chocolate peanut butter. Fudge from a wax paper bag in your lap he drives on and you get lost in the passing scenery but suddenly he slams on the brakes and you look up. It's even funnier than the brochure suggested. In the middle of the road a bear stands upright with its massive paws in the air. You lean out your car window and shout out to the bare hands in the air. This is a hold up. Your husband looks at you. Begrudgingly already har turn off the car. He does can jesse james. The bear slumped back on his front paws. Saddles up to your car door. Your window is down and he leans his massive pause against the top of the door. What does he want. Maybe some fudge your husband lasts and you pull a piece of fudge out and drop it into the bears mouth. He calls it up more aggressively than you would have liked. But you both chuckle. Then the bear looks down at the rest of it in your lap. You give him a bit more. And he gobbles up he stares again and you had them lick the rest of the wax paper that that was all of it. Bear starts sniff towards lunch basket packed with sandwiches snacks. Nope you've had enough. He tried to push the bear back a bit but he doesn't budge. He's gonna scratch the paint. Jesse james starts to lean. Harder suddenly doesn't seem funny anymore. Tim start the car he tries but he so agitated car. Keep stalling jesse. Shake the car now. Given the rest of the damn candy vanessa. Nothing left but the sandwiches give them to him. Fine here take them. You reach into the basket and toss out the window arms. The ground the bear hops down and makes for your loss meal. Is your husband soons off. That was a little more intense than i was expecting. The bears are supposed to be friendly with the ad said. Yeah and what else did they say. You came here to experience. The wildlife of yellowstone. But seeing how comfortable the bears have gotten with humans leaves you a bit uneasy. You remind yourself. This is yellowstone a national park one of the playgrounds of the people and there are people who run this place so certainly. They know what they're doing right. American history taylor is sponsored by capital one auto ready for a new ride but not sure where to start. Meet the tool the maze. Car shopping and financing. Easier with capital one auto navigator. You can find a car and get prequalified instantly. You'll get your your real rate and monthly payment without even impacting your credit score. It's so simple. You might feel like you're taking the easy way out as because you are capital one. What's in your wallet. Turned and conditions. Apply find out more capital one dot com slash auto navigator american history tellers sponsored by the new podcast. It was said sports narrated by nba legend doc rivers and written by pulitzer prize. Winning historian jon meacham. Athletes have always had a voice. Listen in this preview. I'm doc rivers and proud to present in new podcast documentary series called. It was said sports bri guide you through six of the most impactful timeless speeches in sports history. Listen and follow. It was since sports documentary podcast presentation of shining city audio. They see thirteen originals. And jon meacham studio available now wherever you listen to your podcast from wonder. I'm lindsey graham and this is american history tellers our history. Your story after. The damming of hetchy environmentalists became concerned. That american enthusiasm toward national parks continued to wayne. Not a single natural wonder would be safe in this episode will learn how a promotional genius and a lover of yosemite understood that the only way to reaffirm public interest was by transforming how the country thought about national parks americans needed to see them less as sanctuaries for wilderness preservation and more leisure and recreation destinations soon. The park will be filled with educational programs and guided tours but the shift would also lead to risky choices that threaten to endanger tourists animals and the parks themselves. Legend goes that in the summer of nineteen fourteen. A forty seven year old chicago mining millionaire named stephen mathur visited yosemite national park. What he saw reportedly disgusted him hiking trails falling into disrepair cans and paper littering the paths even cattle grazing within the park bounds. Worst of all there was no bureau to oversee the parks and fix any of it so mathur wrote to his old college schoolmate franklin k lane now the secretary of the interior. When lane received matters letter the tail goes he replied. Dear steve if you don't like the way. The national parks are being run. Come on down to washington and run them yourself in reality. The two men did not even know each other. Mathurin lane had both attended berkeley but lane didn't graduate and they never met mathur's interested in the parks stretch back to nineteen o four when the sierra club began going public with its opposition to the damming of hetch hetchy mathur became a member of the club and in nineteen twelve on an outing to the sierra. He met shaun muir at the time moore was consumed with fighting the dam and the encounter left a deep impression on mathur later that year. He travelled to washington to attend congressional hearings on the had checchi issue eventually mathur did right to lane and when lane next pass through chicago. The two met for the first time at the blackstone hotel laying was impressed with mathur's energy and knowledge and aware of his wealth and connections if a national parks bureau ever were created. He thought mathur might just be the man to oversee it. A while later lane invited mathur to washington to talk through the position. Mathur was intrigued but reluctant lane. Worked to reassure. The role would mostly involve public relations and lobbying congress to form a national parks bureau. He'd be a free agent. Besides he'd give mathurin and assistant someone who could help him navigate the bureaucratic red tape. His name was horace albright. Mathur finally agreed but he'd take the job on one condition he would only stay a year. His assistant albright took to mathur immediately but he had his own conditions to he was engaged to a girl in california. Before mathur arrive. He'd been planning to return home and make some money practicing law so they could marry mathur wanted to make it worth albright's wild to stick around so we offer a raise to his young assistant salary paying the difference out of his own pocket an additional two hundred dollars per month almost five thousand in today's money albright agreed to stay and the to set to work together. Math was the idea man. While albright was the facilitator mathur hit the ground running schmoozing with dc power players organizing lunches with newspaper publishers. He pushed a pro national park agenda to raise public awareness. He had dinner with senators and congressmen to alter law so private individuals could gift landed money to the parks. His influence connections grew and before long. The man in charge of national parks was becoming one of the city's heavyweights but math. Recognize that before he could get congress to approve a national park bureau. He i had to raise awareness among the public. Congress would never approve money to manage park. No one was using but tourists needed road to get there and trails and facilities to us. Once they arrived in nineteen fifteen mathurin all right toward the country. Inspecting and scrutinizing everything from park entrances to garbage cleanup mathur discovered the scenic. Tiogue road had fallen into disrepair. It was a major toll road run by a mining company that served as the only entrance to yosemite national park from the sierra nevada. Mathur negotiated to buy the rights for fifteen thousand dollars. He put up his own money hustling the rest from friends and donors in california afterward. He turned over the rights to the government to refurbish the road. Just in time for tour season next came publicity blitz upon learning that americans were spending four hundred million dollars a year travelling to europe. Mathur launched a see america first campaign. The slogan plastered on billboards and travel brochures helped advertise national parks playgrounds of the people. Why take a ship across the ocean when you had some of the world's finest natural wonders right in your own backyard mathur appeal to american patriotism by staying home tours. Were not only getting a bigger bang for their buck. They were spending their hard earned cash on american soil. The campaign worked upper middle class. Americans began hoppy on trains and droves traveling to yellowstone yosemite and mount rainier that august nearly a thousand tourists drove their cars through the yellowstone. Loop for the first time with mathur's publicity campaign well underway. It was time to revisit. His original mission convincing congress to create a national park bureau when he returned to washington he organized a two week trip to sequoia national park in the sierra nevada. Inviting several of america's most prominent politicians businessmen publishers and railroad magnets powerful people who could sway congress by showing their support for national park service. The outing was dubbed the mathur mountain party. Mathur paid for the entire trip out of his own pocket on the final night as party sat around a bonfire smoking vanna cigars. He made his pitch albright recorded mathur's words in his memoir creating the national park service. Well man we've had a glorious ten days together and we'll have a few more before we part in yosemite. I think the time has come though that. I should confess. I wanted you to come along with me on this adventure. Not only for your interesting company. But to hope you'd see the significance of these mountains in the whole picture of what we're trying to do. Hopefully you will take this message and spread it throughout the land in your own avenue in style these valleys and heights of the sierra nevada are just one small part of the majesty of america but unless we can protect the areas currently held with a separate government agency we may lose them too selfish interests and we need this bureau to enhance and enlarge our public lands to preserve infinitely more for the benefit and enjoyment of the people as the yellowstone act stated to each of you to all of you remember that god has given us these beautiful lands. Try just saved them for and share them with future generations. Go out and spread the gospel mathur's plea worked on august twenty fifth nineteen. Sixteen president. woodrow. Wilson signed the national park service. Organic act the new organization's mission would be to conserve the scenery and the natural and historic objects and the wildlife. They're in and to provide for the enjoyment of the same in such manner and by such means as we will leave them unimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations. The mathur was named the organization's first director alright would be his number. Two mathur's tremendous vitality had brought his vision into reality. His energy often left younger men even his assistant struggling to keep up but mathur was fighting an unseen battle and unknown to many of his colleagues. He was about to experience a serious setback. Magic january seventeenth nineteen seventeen in washington. Dc you're about thirty yards from the office of the secretary of interior franklin lane. You try to muffle your footsteps as you rush quietly down the long echoing hallway now just twenty yards and you'll be there. You're carrying a stack of papers trying to attract as little attention as possible. Hoping no one will be suspicious. Ten yards nine eight. Good morning horace. Tam you're so close but robert sterling yard head of the national parks. Education committee has just popped around the corner morning robert. I'd love to talk. But i have a meeting with secretary lane. Oh this won't take a second. I need you to send this matha my way when you have a chance. We'll be releasing a new series of billboards and he wanted to review the art all. I'm sure he'll be fine with whatever you've chosen. He trusts you. You and i both know when it comes to promotions are charming director. Wants to approve everything down to the type of ink used. He appears around. You is in the office. I haven't seen him since the conference. He's actually up in pennsylvania with his family at the moment. He said i could oversee things for a few weeks till he gets back really. Well all right. I'll stop buying a few hours. We can go through the ad campaign. Yeah yeah thanks. That sounds great. I'll see you then. That was a close one as robert walks away. You slink into lanes office. The secretary of the interior sits at his desk writing. He looks up when you enter. Horace was he. Did you get into the hospital. He's not good. The doctor said he'll need some time how much he couldn't say but his wife says he had a similar episode no three wrestling yosemite was the only thing that got him through the darkness. That time you let anyone know about this right. No never good. We don't know how long this is going to last. So i say we wait and see. We can't do this without him. Sir i can keep the train on the tracks. But he's the only person who knows. The destination has agreed lane. Pause for a moment it looks out his window. You've worked with the secretary for three years now and you've never seen him look so distraught. We can't allow to get out that. Mr matthews checked into a sanitarium. They'll try to remove him as director. How can you do as you say. Keep the train on the tracks. I can certainly try. You used to say you plan to leave. The national park service was created. That's still your plan. That's just not in the cards. Not until the future of the service can be lined up. How stay thank you horse. There isn't a single thing. Steve needs more than knowing. This job is waiting for him. I'll do everything in my power to help you in the meantime but till he's back to health you acting director five months after the national park service came into being stephen mathur hosted a five day conference to celebrate the conservation movement. Mathur though became more more scarce as the event went on on the third day he stopped participating altogether from an early age. Mathur had suffered from severe bouts of depression and suicidal thoughts in nineteen or three. He spent four months in a sanitarium in wisconsin as treatment. His doctor encouraged him to spend more time in the outdoors. Traveling to national parks. Mathur found the wilderness calmed his nerves and he managed to avoid more serious episodes for a time but matthew continued to struggle with alternating periods of mania and depression throughout his life during the nineteen seventeen conference he breakdown that alarmed his friends albright contacted. Mathur's wife jane who asked bright to bring her husband to a doctrine pennsylvania fearing that mathur's career would be ruined if the news got out jane mathur albright in secretary lane work together to hide. Mathur's condition alright served as the agency's acting director while his friend and mentor recuperated for eighteen months. But one day in one thousand nine hundred eighteen albright received a telegram. Porous get out the flags dust off my desk on coming back. Mathur's return would lead to some of the greatest strides of his career. It would shrink the period of growth for the national park service. It would mean a giant leap toward growing the ranks of rangers who protected the parks. Mathur's troubles were not at an end. His health and wellbeing still hung in the balance and there were other dangers as the national park service increasingly turned its attention to managing people. The nation's wildlife would pay the price american history tillerson sponsored by american giant. When american giants set out to design their flagship classic. Full zip hoodie. They committed themselves to an uncompromising focus on quality. You went on to be called. The greatest hoodie ever made so not a bad start. 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Ahd american history tellers sponsored by clavijo attention ecommerce founders entrepreneur side marketers and growth hackers. If you're working round the clock to build your dream ecommerce business. You need an e commerce marketing platform that works just as hard as you. That means unique. Clave you with clavijo you'll delight customers and drive revenue at the same time with personalized email. An sms marketing campaigns. That you can design and send in minutes plus building. A marketing campaign is drag and drop easy. You can get started with your first campaign in under an hour. An easily build from there with clave ios best-performing templates to get started with a free trial of club. You visit flavio. Dot com slash. Listen that's k. L. a. v. i. Yo dot com slash list. When math returned he thrust himself back into his old job for a while. It seems like he never left. He spoke to private businesses to build hotels and restaurants with scenic views. He were to distribute maps at park. Entrances and build signpost to assist guests in finding scenic spots and most significantly. He embraced the automobile. The car was changing america. Proper roads now allowed americans to drive right into the parks by nineteen eighteen guests arriving in cars. Outnumbered those coming by train. Seven to one in nineteen twenty park attendant surpassed one million causing mathur to declare that. The automobile has been the open sesame for the park service. Eventually he would use his personal connections to lobby congress for funds for a national park highway which ultimately encompass a total of twelve parks but the surge of tourists needed managing mathur albright began working to establish a trained dedicated team of park rangers. Applicants had to be between the ages of twenty one and forty of good character sound physique and tactful and handling people other requirements included the ability to ride horses fight. Fires shoot a gun and survive in extreme weather conditions and early application warned. You cannot work hard ten twelve hours a day and always with patients and a smile on your face. Don't fill out the attach blank but matters work on the parks didn't please everyone. Preservationists weren't happy the save the redwoods league complained that the park service under mathur was a glorified playground commission and criticized the directors cheap showmanship. For mathews part. The parks did serve as entertainment for hungary public when tours complained. They weren't saying enough bears during their visits. The park service began constructing small amphitheatres and sometimes charging admission to bear feeding shows and yellowstone sequoia and yosemite wagons would dump piles of garbage in these arenas at appointed times and as if on cue bears would emerge from the woods to feast on the trash all to the delight of park guests. There were other ecological warning signs when guests complain about bugs. The park service began spraying insecticides. When guests complained there wasn't enough recreational fishing they released nonnative trout into the waters in nineteen twenty one. The logical society of america pass a resolution condemning the practice a similar resolution was passed by the american association for the advancement of science over time. Mathur's management approach evolved in nineteen twenty. One he wrote the first idea of national parks seemed to have been that. They were stupendous natural spectacles. Then came the great out of doors movement and people turn to the national parks as places to live during their vacations. Lastly comes the realization that are parts are not only show places and vacation lands but also vast schoolrooms of americanism where people are studying enjoying and learning to love more deeply this land in which they live in his remaining years as director for the national park service mathur traveled from park to park keeping up a relentless pace inspecting overseeing projects but his troubles never left him completely albright quietly filled in as director on at least two more occasions and in november of nineteen. Twenty eight math or suffered a paralyzing stroke just a few months later in january nineteen twenty nine right took over formerly as director. Mathur died a year later at the of sixty seven. His friends blamed his early death on his demanding schedule and physical exertion mountains peaks valleys views and highways. Would all eventually be named in mathur's honor staying on fourteen years longer than the one he had promised. Mathur oversaw several new additions to the national park service including the grand canyon bryce canyon zion acadia lassen hawaii volcanoes and mount mckinley now known as denali he also laid the groundwork for the creation of the great smoky mountains shannon doa and mammoth cave national parks the while mathur's push for park development had many effects on the land and american views of them the conflict between wilderness preservation and development for public enjoyment would have grave implications for national park wildlife. Imagine it's the fall of nineteen twenty nine your force ranger in yellowstone. And you couldn't love it more. One of your jobs is to eliminate predators within the park yesterday. A member of the biological survey form you that a wolf have been spotted in a nearby ravine. Your boss sends you to hunt it down when you started this job a couple years ago. It seemed like you were getting these calls once or twice a week. But you haven't been out in wild. Oh your little rusty with your rifle just any spot l. Drinking on the bank of a river move closer. If you can get a clear line of sight you'll have a clean shot in case a wolf makes a move. There's something breaking your concentration. Hey have you noticed. Most of the aspen trees in this area have been stripped of their bark from about here down your superior. Ask you to let this young. Biologists follow you around for a few days. He standing next to an aspen tree holding his hand at chest height to make his point but spooked by his voice. The al takes off next time. Keep your voice down. Come stand over here now. What are the only thing that eats aspen bark in this area. Dear to why. Well i've been studying have noticed a severe decrease in predator sightings over the last year. There menace. now actually. I believe they may be quite necessary. So what i'm wondering is. Are you finding fewer wolves in the park but before you can answer you see one a wolf prowling for deer down but you quickly realize there's nowhere to get down to last time you were. In this area. This valley was studied with sagebrush but now all the shrubs and trees in this area have been stripped clean. There's no cover so instead the two of you crawl across the coal dirt toward an outcropping of rock. Once you're hidden biologist leans over and speaks in a low voice. Said what i'm finding is shop gunshot shot. Take careful aim don. Let's go grab him. This guy back in town the pays me to bring in pels for tourists. You both had down the valley wall toward the dead wolf. I was saying that we've been noticing that without the predators the prey have been increasing in number perfect all better for hunting. No non exactly the alker multiplying too quickly. And they're eating all the greenery. We think that possibly by killing too many walls we may have altered not only the prey. What the landscape. Not for the better as you approach the wolf. You see that. It's still breathing. Rarely she's one hundred pound gray wolf muscular. You hit her in the hindquarters and it looks as if she crawled a bit before giving up. She looks up at you. You've killed dozens of these things but they've always been dead when you've reached them as her eyes glaze over. You realize something. This may be the first wolf you've seen in six months. The man tagging along with ranger was george melendez wright an assistant park naturalist at yosemite right was a son of a wealthy ship captain. His mother was from a prominent dynasty. El salvador right earned a degree in zoology and forestry from berkeley before heading to yosemite there is fluency in spanish helped him communicate with the last survivors of our each tribe including the granddaughter of chief tonight but at yosemite right notice things that troubled him poisonous sprays. Were being used to kill pests. Wolves were being hunted into extinction and bears. Were being fed like pets in nineteen twenty nine right approach the newly appointed director of the national park horse. Alright you wanted to undertake a comprehensive survey of the plants and wildlife across the national park system he would fund the program himself until he could prove its value. Alright agreed leaving an a buick. Roadster right set out to figure out. If the national park service's management was harming the very land and wildlife it had been appointed to protect. His study would be a turning point for the parks before europeans. First set foot in north america. There was an estimated two million wolves on the continent by nineteen o eight. Their numbers had dropped to two hundred thousand. Wolves were hated creatures. They prayed on ranters livestock and had attacked early western settlers. They were storybook villains head of the animal control. Division with biological survey the agency responsible for tracking wolves once referred to them as one hundred percent criminal more often killing to satisfy his lust than to satisfy unnatural reasonable hunger in montana. Radical methods were used to eradicate wolves even within yellowstone including steel traps rifles strychnine dynamite fire and a technique known as denning which involves snatching wolf pups from a den and using their cries as bait to lure their parents into the open where they'd be shot often. The puffs were killed two. According to state records between eighteen eighty three and nineteen eighteen over eighty thousand. Wolves were destroyed. Teddy roosevelt administration was partly responsible in nineteen zero five. The us forest service under the leadership of john. Muir's old nemesis gifford pinchot. Oh began initiative to eliminate predators from national forests and first on their list was the wolf. When the national park service took over yellowstone the agency made hunting wolves top priority during the three decades that us cavalry managed the park. Just twelve wolves have been killed but in the parks i ten years under the national park service control close to one hundred fifty wolves were put down. What park officials did not understand. Was the important place. The wolves held at the top of the food chain by removing these apex predators. They were fundamentally altering the entire ecosystem. Ecologists call this phenomenon. Trophic cascade at the same time yellowstone's leaders work to encourage the good species. The us army had fed. Hey to elk deer and bison during the winter months when the park service took over. It continued the practice without wolves to kill. The deer. population exploded leading to overgrazing loss of vegetation and soil ocean by nineteen twelve. The elk population was also out of control. Yellowstone began exporting them to state fish and game agencies to replenish their over. One hundred herds in nineteen thirty two right published the first report of his findings fond of the national parks of the united states. He concluded that the overpopulation of elk and deer was indeed due to the absence of predators. He urged the national park service to stop killing wolves and cougars to stop feeding bears for entertainment and let nature take. Its course right was killed in a car accident. In nineteen thirty six at the age of thirty one but a handful of scientists who had worked with right took his message to park leaders. Nineteen thirty nine. Yellowstone officials issued a memo ordering that animals within the park. Shouldn't be fed. They should be left to fend for themselves. And in one thousand nine forty the park service finally put an end to all air feeding shows unfortunately winging bears off human food turn out to be more dangerous than introducing them to it when the bear feeding area yellowstone's old faithful geyser closed in nineteen forty bears throughout the park became more aggressive. Rangers were forced to shoot the animals to keep them in check and in one thousand nine. Forty one grizzly killed a woman in the park. Meanwhile the adult population continued to skyrocket nineteen fifty-five yellowstone rangers shot thousands of how to protect plant life but the damage to vegetation continued nine hundred and sixty one. Rangers held the largest. Kill ever four thousand. Three hundred nine elk were shot in a couple of weeks. It was terrible said one ranger you heard them into a pile and you shot into the pile until they were all dead. When a television crew happened to catch some of the l. kill operation. There was a public outcry. And senatorial hearings were convened in the aftermath. The park service eventually adopted a policy of natural regulation of elk. Instead of artificially controlling the animal population. Elk numbers would be controlled by winter food availability periodic severe winter weather and native predators. Public opinion was beginning to shift toward wilderness preservation as scientists. Rangers and policymakers began to recognize the benefit of non interference in nature. What it would take decades for park leaders to fully recognize and put into practice the lessons. They were learning beyond wildlife. there were other features of the parks. They were focused on protecting. Unfortunately unintended consequences would have them playing with fire. American history tellers is sponsored by public wreck. I'm pretty big six foot. Two two hundred pounds of pure podcast or so. Is that a large an extra large and a large extra tall. It's frustrating to think in a world. Where tape measures exist. 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That's public wreck. R. e. c. dot com slash tellers for ten percent off maginness dry day. Nineteen forty five. You stand in a line of nine men three men in front view and five behind your friend. Glenn pat you on the shoulder encouragingly ready. You're not a quiet you're always quiet before chump. You require it before you jumped at normandy. You've been client before every jump ever since then has always confused this for nervousness but in actuality you feel tranquil. Suddenly green light flashes with allowed was go go. Everyone shuffles forward and the three men in front of you jump out in succession. You get to the doorway down and see the smoke. That's where you're aiming for california smoke jumper and you do what no one else can as you leap. Your parachute catches. You can see the flames heading straight for one of the oldest groups of sequoias in california one of the state's most beloved symbols. You pull a cord and glide toward the fire when you were making jumps during the war. They didn't have the technology for steerable parachutes now. You can aim where you're going right below you. You can see where the last plane dropped your pear cargo box filled with cross cut saws and polaski axes. You hit the ground and sprint for your queant. The air is heavy with smoke. You cough uncontrollably pulling down the mask scott air. Pack you breathe easier but now it's time to get to work you meet up with. Glenn fire's being pushed by the wind. East down those trees across linked to block it from heading further one hundred yards further down. You can see another smoke. Jumper a new guy. You think his name is fred doing a similar job. The goal is to hold the fire off to the slurry. Bombers can make those angels from the sky or decommissioned military bombers now used to dump water on wildfires. You and your team continued the tree downing thank god. The fire seems to be slowing. These fires are getting hotter and hotter. And that's when you hear it. The slurry bars they fly dumping thousands of gallons of water huge splash. Douse the flames. We know this area safe for with wild longer. All right. let's move on down the line. You continue downing trees along the fire line for hours. The flames are still heading towards the sequoias. But they're slowing mile out from the grove. You finally get the fire contained if you pride knowing that these grand old trees will live another day. You can't imagine how they survived this long without human help. When the us army i took control of yellowstone in eighteen eighty six. It's official policy. Was that the fires needed to be extinguished as soon as they started what the us government did not understand was that fires were actually a natural occurrence and served an important function in the forest ecosystem for thousands of years. Fires had been responsible for maintaining vegetation patterns. They also helped ensure diverse selection of vegetation because they cleared out the undergrowth helping new plants grow and thrive above all the ashes helped nutrients return to the soil for future plans. Despite the army's policy it didn't actually have much success containing the fires. The parks lacked a good system of roads to reach them and the technology needed for firefighting on a grand scale. Didn't exist that all changed after world war. Two technological advances emerged like the scott air pack which allowed firefighters to replace their filter masks with tanks provided fresh air. When the national park service took over the parks they built proper roads that allow easier access to even the deepest parts of the park with evolving technology and improved access fires could be more easily contained. That was especially significant in places like sequoia national park where protecting the trees was a high priority. Under normal circumstances natural fire cycles. Were taking place there every five to fifteen years. These burns help fin out week or old vegetation limiting the number of trees to about fifty an acre. They also opened holes in the thick forest. Canopy allowing sunlight to reach young sequoia seedlings that would otherwise be blocked out without the fires sequoia had compete for water and nutrients with other shade. Tolerant trees white firs and incense cedars sequoias saplings. Couldn't reach sunlight tree density balloon to three thousand trees per acre transforming the force into a giant tinderbox making fires not only more likely but also a lot hotter in nineteen fifty six. Dr richard hart is fell began to study the effects of fire suppression on the giant sequoias in yosemite and later sequoia national park park officials were concerned that sequoia saplings didn't seem to be germinating. Heartfelt had a hunch the park services fire policy might be the culprit in the early sixties. Harness fell began experimenting with small-scale prescribed burns after almost a century of fire suppression national forests and parks. His experiments represented a radical shift in thinking but his research ended up showing something strange. Fire wasn't the evil park officials. Thought it was. Sequoias could actually withstand fire and they depended on it to survive. Fire cost sequoias to open their cones releasing their seeds and allowing them to reproduce just fire destroyed. It seemed it could also give life. The national parks were meant to be an antidote to modern civilization the pristine wilderness was meant to be a place where americans could step away from their busy lives and take time to better understand both themselves and the world outside the bustling cities as the national park. Celebrated their semi centennial in nineteen sixty six. The american public increasingly came to see the national parks as part of the country's national heritage treasure that should be protected for the good of all mathur had succeeded in his dream of helping americans appreciate the treasures within their own borders but the lack of understanding from the environmental consequences of human intervention had major long term effects as the country entered the second half of the twentieth century. The national park service worked to apply the lessons learned on a new frontier but with the addition of new national parks in alaska things. Were going to get a lot more difficult on the next episode of american history tellers a swift purchase of a huge but frozen tract of land from the russian empire left people scratching their heads and the passage of the antiquities act has some crying tyrant and burning the president in effigy from wondering this episode. Five of national parks for american history. Tillers if you like our show please give five star rating and review. Be sure to tell your friends. I also have two other. Podcasting might american scandal and business. Movers follow on apple. Podcasts amazon music. Or wherever listening. Right now or you can listen to new episodes early an ad free by subscribing to replace in apple podcasts or the wondering you also find some links and offers from our sponsors the episode notes. Supporting them helps us. Keep offering our shows for free and other way you can support. The show is by filling out a small survey at wondering dot com slash survey. You can also find us and me on twitter and facebook. follow the show at h. tellers. And i'm at lindsey graham lindsey with an eight midland mish length and thank you in this episode. We discuss stephen mathur's debilitating depression. He's not the only one if you or someone you know is struggling with mental health. The national suicide prevention lifeline can be reached at one eight hundred two seven three eight two five. The national alliance on mental illness is available at one. Eight hundred nine five zero six two six. Four additional resources are available in our show notes. American history tellers is hosted edited and produced by me. Lindsey graham for airship audio production by derek parents. This episode is written by. Jared palmer edited and produced by jenny lower back produced by george lavender. Our senior producer. His andy hermit are executive producers. Jenny lower beckmann and marshal. Louis from wondering dylan. Avery watched the twin towers fall. Tv alongside a room full of fellow high-schoolers. In upstate new york. He then spent the next few years making loose change a film documenting his personal nine eleven conspiracy theories then he started passing it around one. Dvd at a time and watched in awe and then horror has his theory spread across the globe. Fueling even more conspiracies and feeding dylan against a ground zero tour guide determined to bring him down. This is just one of the stories in nine twelve. The new podcast series from amazon music and pineapple street studios in each episode of nine twelve. Post dan to burski tells stories of characters whose lives would never be the same after september eleventh and through them we begin to realize that there are new lessons to be learned that we might just have enough distance from nine eleven now to make sense of some of the things we could not understand before. Follow nine twelve wherever you get your podcasts or you can binge all seven episodes right now on amazon music or with wonder he plus.

mathur Mathur national park service albright mathurin jesse james stephen mathur america jon meacham congress washington sierra nevada yosemite yellowstone yellowstone ashmore park yosemite national park American history taylor franklin k lane Mathurin lane hetch hetchy mathur shaun muir
Redo Chapter 57 Friday Febuary 26

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4:13:34 hr | 5 months ago

Redo Chapter 57 Friday Febuary 26

"Back screens. Talk about what the show was used for. Like what we do what they do in currently and help with cool the space so if he if we didn't have co would. Would you be doing that. Live or says yes. I would do it at the fourteenth four. How's it going all one minute. Lillian as it seems mr john thank comes on a from from the social here at travolta's computer this weird thing for sure we will just wait one more one more minute and see. If anyone else joins us he had bt head vets has more coster of in shine. Nearly the main to the has faster. Music is the other shined. What is it is shiny yes. I s. h. i. n. e. a. policy bella a. I don't see anyone triple wifi by. After everything only doubt otake continue. I jake Morning housing gala. The simone right. We've got a career now. We are low on my list. i have. he is here siani. she's here in his sake of his. Here mr where's mr are. We can't be yeah right. Everyone got several arm around them. Ready to get going on friday more ready. Let's do this was both Anyone have any reflects for today. I don't wanna just as soon. We're doing the same thing. Anyone have any requests. I'd jill circle round the head news. Just go ahead and stir at side this time or you've been circle all the way around super yard joy leads. Go sure looking those show. There's forward various shoulders words arms out like generic lane big arm For were big on circles that hurry jeff with your right hand into to your left with your left hand been for your rice keep it going on your own side to side bins and love. Murray jump as high as we learn and read sound in touch those toes Should up again mr john. You need to move this morning till banner you down when we're doing though. Open those legs nice in wide leads. Been the right and the left leg is straight feeling storage on the inside of that leg it bears and rotate to them. Lap knees the other leg straits whatever lay giving been then the other one go back and forth side the side stretching the inside of those legs. Put your hands on your head since twist right in laugh. And let's bring our knees to our chests right after lasts heels to your bottom. He fear badeah her left. Right left free. Were sitting in that chairs. What down and stand up down and find something to hold onto you. And let's legs suing move. That lay gets a leg. Swing opening up that has extra blood flow to that area so wait play other legs. Swain all right. It is time for our morning jog. And guess what your best. You've got this. Let's get going clear move And you've been either march. really fast. Journal plays run in place. You've got this halfway eight seven very to one. Relax list or bottom today on sit down. Let's be it in our crab physician here in crab position. We're gonna work our arms and our core at the same time. Blow your in your position for three moves. Forward three moves backwards. And if you feared tried to move a little bit side to side so you're moving around you room a little bit. If you have real tried to do a crab walk forward. Grab walk backwards. Bram block each side. However you can. It's a difficult line. I know if you cannot move just all in one for five four. Three two one. Let's take it to a reverse holding toy shop so that means your legs ours. You're going to live their bottom off the ground again. So the only thing on the ground are your hands and your heels. You hold it there yet morning along the hold it there you got it got it. Great seven six five four three two one. Relax and a friday morning. How many of you to get started a time. You got it do you can do sit up song the ground you can always just bring your belly belly-flattening india spine legend outs your spine let it out doing situps full sit-ups we thought this four eight seven six five four three who won relax let's stand up said jumping session you can either jump rope you can do jumping jacks you can jump side this side however you want to jump twenty seconds saying yount you got i know you like jumping jacks jake you could take nice god jonah is six by four three two one let's go ahead and go in our position so you're on one knee and one foot hands on your hips the balance now put your hands out like an airplane and let's do upper jumping jacks just with our arms over in our lunch physician but our arms are going out over head back to airplane airplane and clap above your head airplane in flat ebay saw. You've got nice job. He luck and good awesome. Eat going for eight six five four three one switch legs. Let's do claps in front so starting your airplane with your arms and rage forwarding clap in front so arms forward. Our airplane forward airplane for word. This work the muslims. You should be feeling it. Were balancing at the same time worried. Seven six five. Don't all over three wanna relax on your hands and your knees in your table. Top positions to put our right arm out in the air in our left leg out in years all day. There's some tie you've got sense. Is there and go ahead in. Note that knee and elbow on your chest in touch them or get close and sturridge backout touchdowns back out. You're gonna feel that work in those ads as well if you cannot do this. Or don't know talki- mugged is all those limbs out verified scorns three one sewage sides left-arm out andrew. Right leg out all their last sermon. Right leg omni ties. Muda go ahead and bring that al voted media under your body and straight out again under and rate out. You can't do that. Moving the arm and a leg just all them out and all the maps glorify four three two one. Relax take a little break just like five seconds. That's a break. Ira holding hoist Here we go question. If you'd rather do push ups now's your chance all that's on the ground on your hands and york. Tell everything else is in line in line with your shoulders. All the parades seven six five four three skews. One relax sira. Let's stand back up. Ira play a little basketball today in some sports rideau and i did look into lister Russell wilson navy leaving that seahawk t nerdy is started with some basketball a basketball nba. Triple-triple i believe on just dribble in place. We'd rare blow around kobe. Drivel rise me left however it works for you when i said numbers through all around us people even more and make jump up. It's done here. We go far one dribble into an three loss and four and fi- naked woman. Six nice job in were run in running plays. We've got some hurdles to do earn attract race poor and monroe road when i say hurdle you are going over there. Heard all hurdle heard hurdles three more spurt all hurdle. There one more you can do this ready hurdle. Aa grass finish. Line nice job. Let's use some standings clots sports threaded touch the ground and stand up on. Upn nine new squad. This hold the air chair says lurking those lay seven. Six five four three juan. Relax gallon sitting on one foot. One foot is planted on the ground. He other foot. Its own little bit out the side to the side. We are balanced c. He begs high focus. Straight ahead with legs right on the other leg by four three two one. Relax find that wall something no done to that's use. Some toe raises are no raises. We'll they've seen the heels off the ground and back down your toes never leaves a grand got this deal or tow raises whatever you liked to call him. They are caught in that my soul you this or by four three two one relax. Ira analyst story. I didn't find that while again. Put all hands on the wall. This one back and stretch the calf muscle lay said. There's blood fat. The calf muscle bringing that he of to your bottom quads own. Play take it down to your hands and knees organised bureau to. That's fine with a cat. How starting with how. Look up to the sky. Rob rob that valley and a cat can digest. Are vat. how sunny down had bell hats. Ten digest starts to back sitting on that bottom. Murray those arms as far forward as you can for child's owns reeves those arms over to the right arm. So greg left back in the middle laying on your tommy leads taken to a cobra's direct up for off the ground you know that now we're gonna reverses stick that bottom high in the air as you can for a ugly holding pushing for downward off of side down. V bottom is in the air your hands on the ground. Your feet are on the ground and let's go back down to And one martime up to a ugly holding pushed upward downward lift that bottom in the air and take it to sitting on your bottom for butterfly if you need more stretch for us those knees down with your elbows. Graying one leg. I've in france and read for the toes lakes straight out reported and both legs straight out and hands at your side setting up as tall as you can. I'm needs for deer. Means openness blades nice in wide hands down the middle angry criss cross the lay read with the right arm and the lack the left arm bands ryan right and on your left knee. Twist and look for her. I am so it's go ahead and put your hands in front of you interlaced. Those fingers palms out away from you and direct checks behind you on the ground finger facing. You saw the back chest open up with this guy. Go ahead and write there. We're all on your back. The knees to your chest or off a little bit right and math has just the right. The left leg off three to the ground and rotate tatting play the left knee. Right like down in rhode safe batting. Paul rudolph green. Both knees bent that chest but the knees falls to the rights and the arms falls to the last though very clearly completely on the ground fell far in usually. Shouldn't bulb direct stretching every muscle loud in your body bring new factor says ten. Go ahead and ross back at this sitting physician. Bring your arm across your chest in road. Take your risk darns. Other across crowson rode elbow behind your head for triceps right. So it's your shoulder so let's go back in that lunch in time arms out like an airplane in. Let's do some small circles for word so one neon ground one foot on the ground arms out like an airplane. it'll little circles forward so rich lay. These are green exercises. Are you feeling if you can't balance. Just keep your hands on your hips organized. Circle those arms backwards. This time aldean. Straight like an airplane and little tiny circle or describe your hands on your hips angle ahead in stand all the way back leads. They go really big deep breath in her ages is is. Upn let it all go one. Martime bread been hurry. this highs. You can buy yourself on the back because is friday. Alright anyone got plans for your weekends. i guess covert plans are a little different than regular plans. But okay. i like your haircut. Jakup you're looking good. Mr van de doing i couldn't I don't know. I computer was messed up at eleven thirty and yorker anyways failures. I really great job human. This go on monday. You're going to stay at home. Okay well you take sc regardless kabir the agenda today and it looks like a student has logged in using my link. Is that tea or jake. Just joined in his renaming perfect. Wsb students that wanna make sure you know the agenda. So at nine o'clock we're gonna start the kind of walking tour around for in cover for that section. You are just participants as reminders. That'll be time where you can turn your camera off and go gone mute. Junior hair looks great in your cameras at a perfect angle. Thank you for your doing a camera chest for us I in your showtime. Wsb students will be at around ten o'clock and you'll be intentional of course prompt you. You'll know when it's your turn of for the students from mr b's class who are hosting the garden you will stay in this room and you'll be up first at the ten o'clock hour and then jake and henry will stay in this room as well and you'll be after the garden tour. Charles mica tori. You will all mean to go use that second link at ten o'clock and go to a different meeting room. Four rooms those four students to you have that second link think so as needed a little email good. I don't have it okay. So general do that same thing of email. You the second link in you'll be able to come in as me and just reading and re charles do you have. Your second link is at partying the bell again. yes. I have redo here i. I'm sorry his ami if he can't win here. I'm sorry by atul butchered And so i'm not gonna. I'm not gonna pronouncing things. I don't agree on this boat you don't you do not need a second link you just state your the whole time okay Wfan please also have your materials out most importantly you'll matter of math of the outside of the fort that Breeding credit three percent app. And then you will also need or your presentations started. You'll need those plastic three. The maps of the interior can have nine tories. Let's see the other thing. I wanted while perfect. Yeah all of wsb students you Will you received both of the print. The three d prints of the inside of the rooms. Both for the your presentation of your classmates presentations. Yeah you have here if you have questions about witches which hold on for just a second but we'll try and address that in these few minutes we have before we start of the last thing that you need to know if you are participating in the research study which is just about all of you at this point. I'm going to be sending you a news. Zoom link for this afternoon We're gonna meet at two o'clock with amy parker and becky from portland state though. Keep an eye out in your email. After mobility matters is over for news zoom link to join us at two o'clock this is leeann. We've got some housekeeping. We need sophia if possible. Can you move your camera down a little our just seeing your forehead. Vi usually is there with free good perfect and then. I have a quick question about my sign language. Interpreters which one starting can you give me an alphabet name in front of the word interpreter. So i know which person's going i you're both year so we're just in this one but i took over one next week or or i wanna make sure that i always grab the right one When when they're both named the same it gets a little confusing. I won't do. What would it be on the injured chore that that is just fine too so i know i got the right one highlighted and then we have a hand raised by charles on. I don't think i got the lead for is push them. Yeah what's what's the name that i'm looking for again. Charles charles looking forward patrols if needed looking in my looking right now charles sustained you may also want to check your junk mail folder since robinson yeah complaints resetting able to charles right now just pushed that notification out and just to since we're talking about housekeeping very quickly when we go into the other breakout room. Am i right to assume that they'll be two interpreters in there and that i will need to be able to distinguish between the two of them to know or my misunderstanding details up. I use that the recovery of separate vote so so just pinned to some spotlight. Spotlight light to the okay. I just need to make sure don't want to screw up okay. Spotlight two of them eighty. Okay great an amy. Your to the view of top view button and what. I've turned on his side by side gallery. That'll help keep the pinned. Do see it yes do. That's a great help you extra original meal and i didn't receive it charles. Anybody is the person i sent. It didn't get the same arid It did go through Charles clinton that he might so let. Let me confirm. I have charles. C. h. a. r. l. e. s. dot j. o. h. n. s. o. n. at s t u. dot w. s. s. years away dot w. a. dot g-o-v that accurate that. I'm raised sunday again. This is torii railway. I made sure Family number who's here walking near my younger siblings nell them. You'll be doing this help. You manage your siblings won't be bothered report. We are in his best to put your mic on mute. If you're not starting. I got your email awesome. Amy i am looking for you address. Spotlight up and i think it's an okay time at the beginning. Point of people who aren't speaking could go off camera if that's easy for you to do. Of course stay on mute. That will just help everyone here. Okay are we are leeann when you're ready to start. I know we have a minute left to open the room with as many people. I'd love to open the room now if you don't mind let's go ahead and open okay. We're gonna start here. We go amy. You're talking right okay. Hello good morning welcome. Everyone are just going to allow a few minutes for everyone to get into the room We're pleased that you are here so as you enter the room. What we have that is playing right now. Our thanks to our sponsors so there are some slides that are rotating as you get settled in and we'd like to give a special thank you to of course historic fort vancouver which is a part of the national park system. Very thrilled to be partnering with them today. I'm amy parker voice. You're hearing now. And i have partnered very closely with becky morton who is a graduate student in orientation and mobility and to become a teacher of students with visual impairments at portland state. Dr holly lawson is also a partner here at portland state university. We've played different roles in helping. Put this event together. And we're very pleased to also partner with the washington state school for the blind. We have special guest teachers who are presenting today at leading their classes for you today. Mr jeff older. At mr steve lowery and they will be leading a some parts of the program with their classes in Just a little while everyone. I just wanted to go ahead and start. If that's okay. I know we have two hundred and twenty two in the room and more people are filing in as they can. We have over four hundred students today with visual impairments who are participating from across the country all the way from three in the west even into the united kingdom seized that that many students could come from all over there. All different ages in different Schools across the country. We also have two hundred seventy adults who are coming into the room. Those include teachers teachers have students with visual impairments. Orientational mobility specialist. That also includes parents and other professionals. So i just wanted to talk to you a little bit about what you can expect today the first thing this morning we're going to be hearing from our partners at the national park service tracy. Portman is the superintendent. There she had meghan will welcome you to the park and give you a little bit of an orientation. Megan will also partner. With mr steve lowery from the washington state school for the blind as you take a walking tour of the fort itself. Now as you do that you should be using if you registered before february i. Hopefully you have received a tactile map in the mail. You may have are also received some different artifacts from the fort. I just wanted to tell you that. Not everyone received the same things so that may surprise you. Some of you may have different items in your kits that you've received and how that happened is Our team at portland state university. Becky holly and i with the support of the american printing house for the blind. You'll hear from leeann a moment who works at leagues at the american printing house for the blind as the national director of outreach. There she will be speaking to you. In just a moment We purchased through the generosity of a age several items from the gift shop at fort vancouver and threw out those purchases. We were able to send out different items to different students based on their interest and based on our ability. Just descend different is so you may have a bonnet. you may have a different types of artifacts. You may have kit. You may have a top launcher. A very few number of people received a stuffed beaver will be talking to you about those artifacts. The other things that you may have received Especially for those. Who rely on brill. We were able to work together to create three d prints of the floor plans of four specific areas of the park. That we will be touring today now. Understand that sake of time to of you you will only be going into one room or the other room and after we go through the main tour of the park. The half of the group will stay in this very zoom room and will be touring the garden and the bake shop in the other room. You will the other. Half of the group will be touring. Excuse me the blacksmith shop and the for room and you will be led by different leaders from the park and from the washington state school for the blind classes on your tours learning about those rooms and hopefully have a little fun and play some games when you come back. It will be just around eleven o'clock pacific time and for that last period of time you will be hearing from the national park staff in talking to you about their jobs. So i'm being the biggest tour being that you can have today even if you don't have a tactile map or if you don't have a floor plan you can access our website that will allow you to print some of those materials later but even if you don't have those things the greatest thing that you can bring with you today is your imagination. So i'm hoping that you can relax. Enjoy follow among. Ask questions in the chat pod a bring your curiosity try to imagine yourself back in the eighteen forty s. What would your life look like. What would things feel like and smell like what would you be doing during the day. Where would you may be going to school or would you be going to a home school. Would you be working at a guarded. Would you be helping your family with some different tasks and also excited about with our partnership with the national park and with fort vancouver is that we are going to be talking about jobs that may interested in the future as she think about what she wants to study what she wants to do with your lives so bring your curiosity with you so special. Thanks again to our sponsors as young slide washington state's or for the blind. The american printing house for the blind the digital cities testbed center. Thank you so much for sponsoring this Mobility matters our forth mobility matters. We know that this has been a tough two years. And that many of you have had to rebel remotely and that we miss being with our friends so today we wanted to bring you all together at least to have a virtual field trip to a very special place so let me turn it over. Now to leah. Grio the national director of outreach at the american printing house for the blind who is hosting this event with us today a low. This is leeann welcome. Good morning good afternoon. Good evening depending on where you are located today. I want to make sure that you know if zoom is not familiar to you what you can do if you are an attendee you cannot turn on your microphone and you cannot see. Turn on your camera. We can't see you and we can't hear you. I making sure that my interpreter is added my view change that hold on. I wanna make sure that my interpreters added should be added. You should be say amy. I'm gonna let you work on that again. I would like to say thank you one of the things we do wanna know and to allow the people who are with us presenting to know is kind of what you think. Your job title is now some of you. Your job title is student. And that's just fine. Some of you have more choices if you cannot access the poll. It is okay. What i'd like you to do is just type it in the chat. What is your job title. Are you a teacher of students official impairments or are you a science teacher. Are you an adult. Who's come to join us or other. I'm expecting a lot of other. And then where are you from. I can't put every location in here. So what i did is a break. The united states up a little bit and then gave some spots for some of our people who are in other places and then how did you hear about mobility matters. What brought you here was at a ph was at portland state. Was it social media. What did that for you so a little. Bit of housekeeping type. Any questions use the check. Change your to to all panelists and attendees that way. Everyone can see what people are writing and can understand. If they're question already was asked. We are so happy to have you with us today because polls can be challenging for people who use screen leaders. I'm going to end it now. It's okay if you could not answer it. No problem going to share out. That thirty four percent are teachers students with visual impairments. Thirty three percent orientation mobility instructors and believe it or not some of those are both and we have twenty nine percent students in k twelve system. Awesome ten percent students in a college program where you are from our biggest group. No surprise to me is the northwest united states at forty percent. We are so glad you can join us. We will work on getting those other individuals to join us. And then how did you hear about it. It's kind of a mix and that is great. Stop sharing those results and amy. I will say one time the opening code. This is something special for teachers who might be here. The opening code is ranger. If that doesn't mean anything to you. When i say at a code for a c. v. r. rtp credit. Don't worry that's only for some certain teachers out there again. The opening code is ranger. Amy take it away. This is amy kirker speaking. Thank you so much leeann. We also want to encourage people today. You did receive your tackle learning kit or even if you're just at home participating we would love to have pictures of you with the permission of your parents or teachers teachers. We'd love to have permission of pictures of youtube participating. What becky is going to do your becky. Morton will post into the chad a permission form for you to share pictures with us. What will we do with those pictures. We would just simply with your permission. Post them on social media and use them to tell the story of mobility matters. We're very interested in how accessible this learning conference may be so we would very much like your opinion about that at universities. We sometimes study. What makes learning effective. That's part of our job. So dr holly lawson who i mentioned to you is also interested in if you received those tackle floor plans of those three d. printed Tools to access the learning if you received a printed math which was created a to d printed map. That was created by steve lowery. I'm holding up line in my camera view right now if you receive some other materials such as seeds or a straw even from apa. Some of you have been asking me. What is that thing. That i received that looks like a little cylinder. Is it a flashlight. Well some of our students who will be leading the event today figured out what it was. It's a portable straw. It's one of the gifts from a phd. You today so that you can have a strong with no matter where you travel so you could figure out how that straw works a little later so some of you are telling me also that you may not have received materials in time. Please don't worry. We know that there were several weather delays in the united states. Because of poor weather so please just stay with us. We do have a materials up on our website. Hopefully you will receive those packets in the mail if you didn't already but again even if you never received a packet you should use your imagination state. Because we're going to be taking you through a walk-through. I'd like to check the time very quickly. It time for me to turn this over superintendent or fort vancouver tracy fortman walk into the fort and show some slides and described those slides to you as she walked you through this wonderful place in the pacific northwest national treasure. Tracy thanks to you and your team for partnering with us mobility matters and kill. Thank you amy the end so welcome hello. Everyone surtees to virtually local law to foresee historic amos. Tracy fortman and i had the honor of being superintendent of this national park looking out my window. The sun just burst or which is a little unusual for the pacific northwest. So i'm hoping we're gonna have a sunny day. And i hope the weather's great wherever you are for. Thank you ever is such a special place in framed important role in a history of the northwest united states. I can't wait for you to learn about all that he had to offer. So that you can learn about your urban national park burbank uber. National historic site includes locations in both oregon and washington. But today we will be focusing on portland tuber itself which is a reconstruction of british further trade for located in what is now down to the washington here. We haven't image of the states of washington and oregon thank people maps. There is a red dot pointing to the location for a either located in southwest washington. Just north of the columbia river at a cost them or as the photo on his slide shows or is located in open-field trees and orchards nearby. There are many trails that connect the fort to other sites and attractions like the reconstructed employees village. The columbia river waterfront in our visitor's center as well as pearson air museum two hundred years ago. This field was the site of feuds prairie covered in blue purple families flowers. I bet it was nearly beautiful. The roots of the cannabis plant are edible so that into communal performance of years. Native people gabby chemistry in hunted on this prairie. Here we have as you from inside for into the in the foreground or cannon said placed in front of the chiefs chief house chief factor was in charge of the fort. East cannons are replicas of those that were in the eighteen hundreds in the background. You can see the blacksmith shop in the intrigue shop and the palisade of very high wooden wall that surrounds the fort in eighteen. Twenty four for of british for trading posts called the hudson's bay company built four. Thank tuber to serve as a headquarters. For a network of forts they built throughout the entire. Northwest these forts were located in. What is now washington for him. Idaho british columbia and parts of montana. California and alaska for vancouver was the headquarters for all these forts in this huge region. I from these forts were sent to in cuba to be passage. Shipment to bring supplies for england were for first to fourth thanks birth distributed to other add since bay company forts. It was about seventeen thousand miles by sailing ship to go to and from or into many people read and worked here in the eighteen. Hundreds many were native americans from over earning different twice others. Who lived here. were french. Canadian winans english and scottish. Many people who lived here were not which means that were. Both native. American in an up european ancestry. Only some of these people with inside the fort. The fort gentlemen class of hudson's bay company officers and their families live in chief factors house or the bachelor voters inside the fort's stockade walls. As i mentioned a little bit earlier chief faster was was the leader of the fort. Workers and their families live in one or two homes. Probably cabins is what you call them today. In the village located to the west of the port. With a force blacksmiths bakers Coppers farmers and laborers these families. Who left lead their lives. They feasted worshiped spent time growing. Adding children was a a wonderful place in the village. This slide has a painting showing the different kinds of people who would have lived and worked at for innkeeper. they are a diverse group of men. Women and children somma wear european style. Dresses in suits with a hieber felt top hat. Some early that reflects the fashions of for trade like ladies colorful bags and accessories. Wolf rank hits in the background. We can assume some royal navy sailors with sailors uniforms. This side has if few of tuber as it appeared in eighteen fifty four and the fact house there is the mighty columbia river and also contests fairly see cheeky out. mt hood. The ford itself is surrounded by its large garden and orchards. In the foreground are the small deliverance. I mentioned of the employees village and carts full horses law dirt roads. You can also see some people walking on this pass in the eighteen forties. British should americans argued over who of take control of the pacific northwest in eighteen. Hundred six the border between the united states and canada was settled and this became americans to Native people who were crossing organ trail by the hundreds forced in a later by the thousands resulted enforcing the native people to move to reservations media. These oregon trail settlers stopped or innkeeper to purchase seeds and supplies to start the arms. The hudson's bay company finally abandoned orphan kluber in eighteen sixties and. This area became part of the united states. Are these been keeler. Barris since the nineteen forties or vancouver has been cared for by the national park service. The national park service is a government agency that cares for over four hundred special places in the united states like the everglades yellowstone yosemite the monuments in washington. Dc just summit a few of our national treasures. Today you're by the to take a virtual tour of fourteen kubrick using tactile maps and you will have the opportunity to learn more about specific buildings faces at flipping. The photo arms sly shows fort vancouver at sunset during one of our special events Campfires candlelight light in this photo we can see many different currents of families walking along. The pair said the two buildings inside the fort. I am so grateful to portland state. University's visually impaired learning orientation ability of the washington state school for the blind. The american printing house for the ally and portland state. University's into the cities testbed sector organizing the spirit important cloak land today and so created this wonderful opportunity lou. All she experience or reform a distance. I hope you fi in our time together to did interesting and perhaps most importantly for so with that. I'd like to have make it. A steve take away. Let's get started. thank you everyone. Hello everyone and thank you again for joining us today. If you received tactile learning kit for today's program please take out your tactile map. This is an eight and a half by eleven inch piece of paper with raised lines in either braille or print depending on your with your tactile map in hand. Please orient the page. So that the key with the four symbols in text is in the upper left corner. The ford tactile symbols. You will encounter on this map. Include a thick solid line representing the palisade or exterior wall of the fort. A hashed or dotted line representing the walking pads. Solid rectangular shapes representing buildings in thin raised outlines the rectangles with light texture representing the garden outside of fort in building footprints. Inside of the fort. We will start our walking tour on the hash. Line walkway at the north. End of your math or the top of the page as you. Follow this hash. Line down toward the exterior wall of the fort. You will pass the garden to the east which is to the right of the pathway. This is making good morning. Everyone as we do our walk through fourteen cooper today we will also hear sounds that remind us of each of the spaces that we will walk through. We're now walking past the garden. On our way into foreboding hoover are flowers. Blooming plants growing birds and bees buzzing in volunteers wearing blue shirts working in the eighteen hundreds. This garden was much larger than it is now and provided food for the people who lived inside the court this next slide show and image of our tactile map. These continue to follow the path. Down as it crosses the exterior wall and enter fort vancouver. Find the first building on the left as an aside. If you're visiting the park in person you would be walking south down. The path at the contact station would be to. You're right however we are looking at this map facing north so i will be using rate directions from that perspective here. Now passing the context station. This is a small one story. Wood frame building with a porch inside visitors can pay entrance fees presenter annual national park passes and get information from national park ranger next. We will head to the chief factors house which is directly across the pathway from the contact station to get to the front entrance continued down the pathway from the entrance to the park when you find an intersecting pathway turn right and head east then entered the south side of the building as we approached the chief backers house we will hear some nineteenth century. Use it. we are now the chief factors house as stately two story. White building with a large veranda two cannons. Sit in front of this large home to enter. We will go up one of two cards air case. It's as we crossed the ranted the front door. We will see and smell grapevines that grow across the front of this bill ling in the spring and summer inside achieve actors house. There is a central mess fall. Where the officers of the hudson's bay company eat at a long table set or sixteen. The house has two wings each with a parlor and bedrooms here. The chief factor and chief trader live with their families has also has an office and a separate dining room for women at for trade posts in the nineteenth century. The wives and children of the hudson's bay company officers eat separately next. We will head to the kitchen. Which is a building attached to the chief factors house just to the north or above it on the map to enter the kitchen. We will continue east along the path in front of the chief factors house turn left at the next intersecting pathway in head north kitchen will be on your left and in the kitchen. We will hear the crackling of a fire inside. Alerts are that gives is a wooden building with a small orch just inside the palisade wall inside. There is a large part of they said perfecting a cold storage the entry with food pantry full of dishes and other serving supplies as a scullery where dishes were washed with water nearby. Well an interior hallway connects the kitchen with a cheap actors house. Missile from the kitchen we will walk directly east or to the right use any available pathway to arrive at the building that is attached to the exterior wall or palisade of the fort. We are looking for a building near the northeast or top right corner of the fort and in the because we will hear baker's sliding seabiscuit until barred ovens bake house is painted. Wait it almost looks as if it is coming. Through the wooden salk awol the stockade stops on either side of the bake house because the big house has two enormous ovens for baking the ovens were placed outside the fort walls to prevent a fire there from consuming the entire fort after leaving the bake house. Use the first intersecting pathway that heads south and moved down your map. Blacksmith shop is the building closest to the southeast or bottom right corner of the fort to enter. The blacksmith shop followed the path that wraps around the right side of the building on the east. As we enter the blacksmith shop. We will hear the flex fits at work. Southeast of the or become to the blacks shop sign outside tells us if the building is open or closed if it is open a volunteer. Blacksmiths is inside demonstrating nineteenth century. Blacksmith's skills inside the blacksmith shop. Watch carefully on earthen floor doing area. Full of tools. And metal items the blacksmiths of me at either end of the building is forged. Where volunteer blacksmiths work. Leaving the blacksmith shop. We will head west or left along the pathway until we find the next building. Right next door to the blacksmith shop. This building is also along the southern wall of the fort. The indian trade shop in hospital are located in the same building near the bottom cetera. About now he will step inside the indian trade shop in hospital. This long wooden building is split into two halves on inside two doors in front of the building. Be to these two halves on the eastern side of the building we find it the residents of the fort's doctor and his family. The hospital with many beds are patients and a surgery room here. The residents of the four people who look there received medical care on the western side of the building. We enter a trade room before doctor also managed to trade shop. The walls are lined with shelves full of blankets dishes. Ask hits and other items that could be traded for furs. I'm going to pause for just a moment on our tour here. I've noticed a couple of questions in the chat pop up and to clarify five or folks. The visuals that are being shown on our slides alternate between a picture of the tactile map which shows the basically the outside of the fort kind of a bird's eye view and then every other picture is a photograph of her. A little thing were mentioned so it'll be mort and our next stop on. This tour is the first store which is the next building to the west or to the left of the indian trade shop in hospital. Excuse me a. Let's go into the store. And when we close the door behind us this building is dimly lit by a few lanterns that hang from the ceiling. This earth store is an enormous bomb. Wooden two story building with three sets of large double doors at the front. We've entered through the first door and we'll find ourselves in a replica of a warehouse. This is where. I would have been processed for shipment to england. There are many firms in piles and wound from the ceiling and in a large press to date is reconstructed building also houses the national arts museum collections storage facility and archaeology lab next year going to head from the south side. Which is the bottom of your math. To the northwest corner of the fort use any available pathway to make your way to a circular shaped building touching the top left corner of the fort as we approached the best and we will hear the loud boom of now we're entering the bastion tower at the northwest corner of the fort built into the stocky. While at the top of the bastion is metal. Weathervane with a beaver design. We will climb up several flights of stairs. So room at the top with several cannons and windows overlooking the fort and the columbia river a bastion me cannons were used to ceremonially welcome incoming ships rather than for defense. All right as we exit the bastion. Please follow the path leaving the bastion as it bends to the east to. You're right the first building you encounter on the north or above the pathway is the carpenter shop inside the carpenter shop woods year. The sounds of carpenters sawing wood among cereal become to this to one story wooden building the herb anders shop inside our tables and shelves all of woodworking tools. Here the carpenters at the four made furniture farm tools heart. his and building fixtures or next stop is to the east or to the right and slightly south of the carpenter shop. Use the pathway. That heads down or south into the right until you find two buildings whose corners touch each other. The larger of these two buildings. The bottom left building is the counting house as we approached the counting house. We will hear music. That reminds us of the fact that this building served as a place for word and sometimes for entertainment. Accounting house is where building ancient white over. Its front door. Is the official seal of the hudson's bay company which are house to dear olding crest with everts on it and the motto pro. Peleg you tim. Which is latin for appelt or a skin when we walk inside. We find a large room with walls painted really bloom. This room has several tall bests with slanted. Talks with affords clerks kept track of all imports and exports managed by this for trade post. A huge iron safe in this room. Held ford money and valuables and the back of this room is hallway to the smaller room with museum exhibits about archaeology and a bedroom. That replicates the room used by royal navy captain bailey on his On visits to the port captain bailey would sometimes hosts small irvy's than he lived in the counting house leaving the counting house. You will give off of the hash line. Walkways and head around the right side of the building to the small building that touches the northeast or top right corner. This is the jail and as we enter the jail missing by the sounds of the chains. Us tourist straighten prisoners the county house just to the east northeast of it is the orcs jail. This is a small square wooden buildings. The door has tiny barred window in it but unlike the other buildings in the floor there are no other windows. The insight is almost empty except for events. And here those who broke. The rules of the hudson's bay company were punished and this concludes our walking tour of fort bank hoover from the jail. You could head south to get back to. The walking pass turned east or two year right and continue to the first intersecting pathway. Turn north or to the left to find the main entrance to the park where we begin may think megan rehabbing trivia game. Yeah this is this. Is amy speaking. Thank you so much. Mr lowery miss megan huff. Thank you very much for the walking tour. We do appreciate that. There are people with many different accents. Needs on the line who were sometimes following along with their fingers following along with their ears or following along with their is as we took the tour around the site. I loved that superintendent. Tracy fortman also mentioned that. Has you go into these places. there are strung snows. Some of you love the sound of the canon eight year old. Who was saying. Wow i really loved. That sound and tracy was mentioning how people love to go up into the bastion which housed the cannon that The ceremonial cannon said were launched during during times of making announcements that ships. Were coming in or going out on behalf of the company so now we are going to have a trivia game is going to read the trivia questions allowed. They will appear on a smile eight and then you will have a chance to answer those questions to vote on those questions using the polling feature. So let's see how well you do. And she will also describe what what how people answered the questions so be sure you could participate in some some said that they love monty loved birds and the fire. Sounds those were very cool. Sounds okay leeann. Are we ready for the year. Ready to go to the next slide. Alright so megan. let's go to the next slide. Okay hey listen to this sound clip from curator. Megan's tore a fort vancouver. What item makes the sound. Let me give your choices. You can hear it. Is it a blacksmiths anvil. That's a be a carpenter saw. See the ceremonial cannon or deep. The cash register at the context station. Okay you can put a letter or a word in the chat or you can use the poll. Was it a blacksmith's anvil a be a carpenter. Saw see the ceremonial cannon. Or d- d a cash register at the context station. Ooi see lots of answers also coming in chat. I'm seeing lots of saw or the letter b. Let's look at what our poll says. It's okay if you couldn't get to it even in the poll. Almost everyone said a carpenter saw. Were they right. Megan yup that's very Tracy also mentioned this. Is amy speaking. What kind of smell would you have smelled in the carpenters room. The carpenter station would have definitely been the smoke sawdust on that saw dustin would right which might everyone earthy smell summer saying right. It might have been a sweet. Woody smell in the carpenter's station. Great all right next question. Okay question number to listen to the sound to from curator megan's tour of fort vancouver. What area of the fort is this sound associated with is it a the garden b. e. the bake house see the jail. Or d the blacksmiths shop. We've got lots coming in lots of ways in the garden in the chat. Let's see if they're the same as what's coming in the poll gonna end it and share. Wow ninety three percent said the garden how they do okay. We're getting ready for question number. Three in the tour there were some words used that we don't hear as often in modern types. What do you think the word scullery meets. Where is the scullery at fort vancouver. We want you to choose the most correct answer. A a scullery is a garden. Shed that we would find near the fourth guarded. Be a scullery cash register that we would find in the fort's counting house see a scullery as a place for washing dishes. That would be found in the kitchen. A scullery as a place that holds the fort's ceremonial cannon. Couple different choices coming in the chat. I'm still a couple different choices. Still in the chat. I'm gonna end the poll and we'll see what the says because the chat was kind of all over the place so in the poll. It looks like see was chosen. The quite a few chosen d. c. was the washing dishes in the big house and d was the place that holds the ceremonial cannon. And that's about what i was seeing in the chat. What's the right answer. The iranian syria is that the story is a place for washing dishes. In the fort's kitchen and it will say that. When i was young probably about twelve or thirteen a volunteer at an event at for bank oover is before i worked there and i was in the kitchen in the scullery washing dishes and it was very hard and it made me appreciate dishwashers hard worked wash dishes that this is absolutely right. Amy speaking here. You've heard the term may be when you read about a scullery maid will now you'll know what a scullery maid is. Usually a woman worked in the kitchen washing dishes in. That was big task. Thanks for sharing that here. Eight okay. I question for another word. That curator making used was fast. You what is a bastion is a the chief. Factors house was also called the best. Be a three story military or signaling tower see a small jail used to detain rule-breakers criminals or d a one or two room cabin where employees of the hudson's bay company lift lots of answers coming into chat a variety of them though starting to see more pe- in the chat aboard poll a few more minutes seconds. Okay let's end it and share. Most people picked be a three storey military tower. Is that correct. That is correct and you. After number at some ford's a bastion might be used for military purposes. But for for being cooper was not in military ford so for being couvert the bastion was mostly used for welcoming other ships and signaling signaling tower. Part about question five okay. Finally a another word you heard today is the word palisade based on the tour of the fort. You just listen to. What does the word palisade me. A a place where maritime travelers purchase seabiscuit. S- be a three story. high tower. See a small jail used to detain rule breakers and criminals de offense of wooden stakes or tree. Trunks fixed in the ground forming an enclosure or defense. Palisade got a few choices in the chat. Okay a few more. Come in no in the poll. It looks like most of you said a d. -fensive a wooden stakes are trucks. The student the ground forming closure or vets. Where they right is that is and it's a little bit. Tricky busy me of also redmi say stockade wall and you may hear books from the national party policies need or sake but it means the same thing that that fence that goes all the way around the forest. Well done everybody. This is amy. Thank you so much for playing that fantastic trivia game for listening to the sounds. Thank you for adding the sounds curator. Megan to the imported tour. We did have some feedback that for some people who don't have their maps with them that some times following along on the map was challenging. We have maybe just one minute or two minutes for a couple of questions. I will kick us off with One quick question and it relates to the orientation using the math the bastion the the military or ceremonial tower where the cannon was curator megan. What shape is that. Is that a hexagon shape. Or is it an octagon. I couldn't figure out that it's that that high part of the tower that's very distinctive on the ford. It has a really interesting shape and position. Can you talk about the shape of the bastion. It does have a You that i'm not short a hexa garnering arctic. What if my other national park folks by added the in a chat the answer to that question but it is not perfectly bound. It has It does have sides to it. Yeah it looks this is. Amy looks kind of like a hexagon to me. So we have some questions. Coming in to chat at somewhat is answering. It is an octagon on top. There's a square on the bottom. This is wonderful okay. So we're going to read. The questions allowed a question from a third grader. Is how big are the canons. I am also going to feel that up to my staff as well. I'm not a candidate for and you know while they answer that i did see that there was a question about if the offense was original. That house seder stocky while and that is It is not a bit. The fort was rebuilt. It was burned down in the eighteen sixties. After the hudson's bay company had left when this area became part of the united states. The british hudson's bay company with up to canada and the fort was abandoned and this area became part of the barrett's and eventually the fort was burned down. And it was rebuilt in the nineteen sixties and seventies but it was rebuilt on the archaeological footprint of the original fort. So where are you. See or being huber. Today is a building is yes so where you know. You're in your house where where your houses that of the footprint of the house when they did the archaeological excavations of the fort they were able to find out where where all the buildings were where the palisade wall was and they reconstructed it was. And they see that. Bob cromwell who is one of our archaeologists commented are in the chat about the the candidates size. So i can. I can read that that he says barrels are about five feet long and the carriages are a bad the carriages. What the cannon sits on so the barrel is the metal part of the canon. that's about five feet long. Some of you might be about five feet tall so you can imagine and the carriages are the wooden things that the metal cannon sits on and the carriages are about three feet by four feet at about two feet tall. So they're they're pretty big alright and that's all the questions we have for this time. We're about to go into a break but before we do that. Thank you again. Curator at mr lowery. For your time we will be breaking out into different rooms where you can ask more questions about the canons. About the work of blacksmiths. You may be on the Specific word. i did want to tell you that we're going to have a ten minute break now because everyone needs a short break before we come back together. Half of you will be staying in this room in this particular zoom room. We'll be talking about the garden and the bake house. You will be taking a tour of the garden and the bake house and the staff from fort vancouver as well as jeff older. Mr lowery's classes from the washington. State's hold for the plight will be leading you through that tour so if you can follow along if you need the specific room for the blacksmith and the firm that is in a different zoom link and that has been put into the Pod it there. You should also be able to find it in your email. Some of you will not be going into that room. You will stay in the garden and bake shop area for that tour but for those. That are going into the blacksmith of for room. Please go to that link. We will now take ten minutes rates. What i point to onscreen destroy you quickly our agendas. So i am actually. On our mobility matters website. We have gotten through our opening and welcome. We have taken artur with mr lowery insured or begging you have played your game. We are now on a ten minute break and then we will come back together either in this room or in the other link or the tours of the historic garden and bake house blacksmith shop at first or where we will have a tours. Interactions with with the curator's opportunities to ask more questions and to explore using your maps and for those of you that did not receive maps or artifacts. In time we do wanna draw. everyone's attention. There is a resources tab on our website which allows you to download. The files should print on swell paper or on in boston. The tactile maps to print the three d. printed floor plants. But there are some other cool sounds on this site. Many view enjoyed the sounds. There are the described video house. An audio described brochure. There are sounds of cannons and salads of birds. Many things to explore and some information about sowing or planting the seeds that you've received so. Please don't think that you only have the opportunity to a two to this time to tour the site. You can also continue touring with your parents and teachers after this special virtual event. Alright we are now on break in. I will see you at ten ten back in this room or in the other room for the blacksmith ad for room to okay. Ten minute break. Starting now and amy. I have paused the recording. Because we not record a ten minute break The person who wrote to me saying that they haven't attendee. Who cannot find their link. I can't push that. I can only push it to panelists. So they're going to have to lean on a friend or or grab aamir megan to send that to the person. I can't do those a student of some sort. And i am going to take my bathroom break and i'll be right back. Okay thank you. The interpreter are on break now. Also thank you attributing team. Esten had charles police find that we are not backstage right now and all the attendees for mobility matters. We'll be listening in as well. Okay Do i leave the meeting on confused about that. presenters charles. Mica cinelli and tori will all this zoom link and go to your other presenters from any campbell for the next hour okay. I just didn't go for okay. Thank you charles. Okay i am back. I i'm superior This is leeann. What should need I wanted to ask if you heard any background noise of students. I think that was me mo. If so i probably beauty you which is something i can do if i thinking. There's background noise coming but otherwise i don't think we heard much during the break recently. Oh that i don't know. Because i went and use the roster. I'm going to answer a few questions in the chat now. A janet had to go to if you're an individual who received Paperwork or or a gift. Box type thing Then you're your math will tell you. If you're the for room or the blacksmith room you're going to go to the other room. Check your email from becky thank you. That is helpful if you are a wsb student. If you received an email from amy campbell you need to use that to go to the other room. Okay so you can you now. Do you know how. I'm okay for now until we get going and i catch anyone who's had problems so martha if you are not sure. Did you have a teacher register you some are. If you're not sure what true you are. Welcome to stay in this room. That is okay. This is amy. That's exactly right. If you're not sure or you can't find the email you can just stay in this room. This room will be touring the garden and the bake house and then everyone will come back into this main room for the ending program which will be talking about careers at national parks. Yes amy any. Attendee is muted at has their video off. It does not have the ability to turn them on. Only the panelists. Do only the presenters. Some of our presenters are students so sometimes it will get a little confusing if you are in here to provide closed captioning. We should have switched people. So i'm looking for you to give that control a logan. Everyone i am looking for are closed caption provider. If you are the closed caption provider. Please either type something in the chapped. Raise your digital hand will be turning this over to you or to any. Amy hoping supporting with the garden. Day counts leeann. I did share with you. they The script that the students will be using. I believe that adam evanson will be here in this room. Supporting the students from wsb. As well as elaine from the national park centre so out of you have the script with you for students and can help with prompting. While i do the slides i do. I'll be showing the slides. Okay perfect great. We'll come back. Started again hold on. I was gonna start recording against a hold on could great this. Is amy pirker speaking from portland. State university welcome back and we are in the garden tour room as well as the tour of bake house. This is what the next portion of the agenda is. If you are wanting to be in the first for room a blacksmith you please look at the chat hot. Several people have posted that zoom link. If you're wanting to be on that portion of the tour as laura said in the she receives some tea and she had some people receive seeds if you receive tea or seeds or things like that those are artifacts that go with the garden round and a bake house so you are in the right space in your welcome. If you couldn't get over to the other room you're still in for a treat. I will turn this over to mr lau. I'm sorry mr bowlers class. Who will be presenting the guarded. I will get the slides up at atom will be supporting the team. Who is is reading for this portion. Thank you whenever. You're ready mr bowler whenever your team is ready. Okay and i start out. Please turn on your camera. Hello everyone and welcome to the demonstration. Garden at fort vancouver. Lie may miss sophia. And they bridget. Hughley and i will be reviewing the vancouver gardens we are all in the horticulture class at the washington state school for the blind and lear here lane dorset from the national park service to start. We are going to show you a short video. Introducing the garden at fort vancouver. The video is audio described. If you have any questions about video or anything else covered today please. Type them in the chat. Actually are you gone. We have that. Check faucet When you share screen check or i'm sorry this is amy. I won't be start the video just one moment. Fragrances ties us heritage club many varieties of vegetables and fruits that were originally grow in eighteen hundreds traditional and saving off exchanging gye a strategic founded a companion to to attract pollinators while dissuade indonesian so as to the southern chester south working. Yes thank you go off. Trust as over the serves as support. Total of hawks were that stint unique. Aroma continuing southward further aborted. Another off. trust. I spend burst of wonderfully fragrant roses. The careful purposeful design of the dog scaled down representations similar original force dogs and is living recode days when the force gardens sustained to people well beyond how cycles of settlement of the eighteen hundreds the following video begins with god motiur nancy funk discuss today's heritage garden of the folks north home of vertical wind post and in front of his of lots of flowers bloom then changes to eric's club with festival down above rhetoric. What historic for the with logic extensive fruit. Which is those garcia valuables volunteer been carrying. I'm walking down the main garden on womb sums day before the garden today is a half acre garden and it's located in the wrong spot where the garden was was on the other side of the roadway. Which is one hundred percent accurate. The garden in the eighteen forty s was approximately seven to eight acres and it ran all the way out to the orchard. Today's garden is over half an acre designed in the same principles that the garden was. The pass aren't nearly as wide because the past in the original garden were wide enough to have them bring a wagon down with With water to water the garden our paths would scarred and represents exactly what they did and grew in a garden in the eighteen forties. Does he takes from basket. A corn on the cob not a large data if you hold sees as we also see a colored sketch of roots cellars and the eighteen hundreds when she tells us about tobacco. There's an image of agreement tobacco that we see quite leaves in between styles of beaver pelts. So what else are you that we've just recently. Dug up was potatoes and corn. Which is coming on right now and the potatoes will be kept in the root cellar here. The even had one root cellar was a potato cellar that they would store the potatoes. In throughout the winter months it was located alongside the roadway here and corn. We often think of nice. Fresh years corn they would have the freshman ward but they would also do parched corn or roasted corn or dry corn. Which was it'd be milled and use a for all types of porridge of corn bread and just a meal that they would have to put into their to make cakes or things like that with another couple of interesting things that we grow in. The garden is an echo. Shawna or baco dartmouth did grow it here. It was well known that they would drive the tobacco leaves and put it in between the bales of the beaver pelts when they would shoot them back to england to make beaver hats. It prevented the Insights from eating holes in the pills would make a useless when they got to england. Now we see in gross costumes with pedals then. Some white fluffy cotton while. That's he picks. Caution photo shows this move colored fizzle and loon then hanky red dwarf pomegranate fruit blackish fix and yet quint's on. It's another interesting thing that we grow in the gardens cotton. Most people have never seen cotton-growing unless you live in the south or the south west. But we've grown. Dr mclaughlin grew it and we want to stay where he grew We've had some success in some years. We haven't justices. All farming and gardening is some other interesting things we have on. The property is cartoon Which is fissile in the fissile family and we would eat the stock the spine of the leaf and not necessarily the choke. Like you. think of an artichoke. Although there in the same family we also have holograms dwarf pomegranates. In the garden we have fig trees in the garden with figs on that they had We had quences that. Were very very common in europe in the eighteen. Most people don't know what they are. They're they're also an apple or repairs of like that but we do use have been demonstrated many historical kitchen to of hops. That's he mentions. Next is an obviously over paint. Gum off phones chief from green of arms which events in bugged about foul followed by a photo of of sliced white bread as you came through the garden today. He walked through the tunnel of hops. And the hop sir just getting to flower nail and they'll be ripening up. It'd probably about two weeks. It was used in distilling in also as a eleven or we have tested it and used it to make eleven such as of for making bread as like a yeast in it works very well kinda gives it a just a tiny bit of almost a beer taste to the bread. Okay great. that's the video. Lee mc everyone I'm an archaeologist with the national park service and the garden is one of my favorite places to spend one of my favorite places to investigate Oregon check right now and see. I don't see that there's any questions in the chat right now. We'll try to keep up with that and There are questions sophia. Bridget healy Hopefully we'll be able to help with goes so i guess we need to. I still don't see any questions so we need to show okay. We are showing On the screen the garden tactile map. If you received a tactile learning kit for your today's please take out this three d. printed tactile map of garden long and skinny tactile map. We're gonna go through how to orient yourself. Direct of for north and south so follow along find the arrow in the corner cup protrudes out and hold the plastic tactile map so that the raised arrow is pointed in the direction. You are facing the furthest right corner from you. You have now oriented yourself to the north on your tactile map. So south is the opposite at the bottom end toward you with west to the left and east to the right as you may have noticed. the garden. Area is divided in half lengthwise by the middle garden path which runs straight north and south and the north and south access points to the garden shortsighted past the end you the outside edges of the garden rent east and west outward from the middle garden path. These smaller site pests. Divide the garden into sixteen larger planting areas or plots and give gardeners to lance within each fought to plots to the north are designed with circular paths. Which you should be able to to feel on your math. You can find a rectangular brench benches on your tactile map which are located at the north and south ends of the garden. At the north end of the garden you will find entry shrubs on your mouth bay around and pointed at line. Both sides of the middle path near the benches at the south end of their map is the would post in the center of the middle path. It's a good landmark with benches on both sides on the outside of the garden along the east. The i'd are to compost areas and a garden. Shed those are not included on your map as you leave the gardens south end at the bottom. The middle path joins into an east-west half it leads a short walk west to the left to the fort entrance all of which is depicted on your okay. Now we're here from the garden. Can fruit trees financial bowls flowers and herbs. Food was scarce and difficult to come by for early. Saturday lurs even west provision fraught with some an west trading with native americans for game. Fish routes and varies laughlin gardens were protected and highly valued so visitors. Either invited or giving permission to walk within the garden area. The hudson's bay company used Certain foods is a way to maintain professional and social status and a sorority for the most part the produce of the garden was utilized by not elite company. Opera serves their families that lived inside the fort an Visiting the fort but not to the four. Nothing mclaughlin knew that the ford survival depended on its capacity to be highly productive. Not reliant on expensive goods shipped from mainland securely fear okay in the first few years before was successful growing crops of potatoes beans corn peas of more or less cereal crops wheat barley and notes. The garden began to flourish with pumpkins. Squashes beets cucumbers cavities tomatoes carrots onions turnips radishes melon strawberries black blackberries raspberries gooseberries broccoli lettuce. Onions mustard grapes lemon long over uneven. Cotton plants were grown to not only feed the for residents but to even see the livestock as the years progressed orchards of apples pears cherries apricots pomegranates plums loons nectarines pages and figs were grown as customary in the gardens of england sections of ornamental flowers and medicinal herbs were planted with asters marigolds. Geneva's ragwort roses dahlia's pansy and native. yaro okay interview bridget's turn. Hedberg all right. I would be part so today's garden demonstrates meaning sustainable practices that were used several centuries ago. I'll mr be right. Fine boy observe reading. Today's guarding demonstrates ninety sustainable practices. That were used several centuries ago at fort vancouver close. yeah are still route. Relevance and environmentally healthy today larger historical biden was invited into separate are separate areas for plants by designing the garden. Space this way. Dr mclaughlin was able to select and strategically grew plan. Plan based on plant needs for soil composition watering amount of sun and pollination bridge known for me low again so native plants the plants existing before the settlers arrived were sometimes used by the settlers for food and medicine. Native plants are adapted to the climate and provide less upkeep in water while attracting local birds and insects such as ease for pollination today. We should try to integrate native plants around our homes when possible using knowledge of which plants were better companions to the more vulnerable plants gardeners were able to ward off. Problem insects while attracting beneficial ones crops. Such as beets cabbage and potatoes retain their quality over a long period of time. Farmers rotated crops allowing time for soil to recover referred to his fallow and used. Livestock manure compost and fertilize the soil before its residents composted. Food scraps garden waste manure fish carcasses and so forth to add an array of vital nutrients back into the gardens soil. Straw fallen tree leaves and natural compost used to mulch. Soil beds protect plants from winter. Frosts today we should today. We should use natural turnovers and avoid using chemical pest control and chemical fertilizers. These chemicals can pollute waterways. Farm animals burn crops. Increase air pollution acidify soil and deplete soil of minerals. Early settlers work with the natural resources available to them to be self sustaining to meet their needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. So now we're going to do a activity and i would like to have three different people in our audience. Try to name one. Sustainable practice used in. The historical garden is also used today. You could put this in your answers in shop. Let's see the answers yet in a few minutes. I'll here's a good one. Rotate the garden beds. I see natural fertilization of the soil Livestock manure to repeat the question. So i'm going to do that. Dame want sustainable practice used in historical garden that is also used. Today tro composting fish. Carcasses muddying the soil fallow robin different using different crops rotation worms. So that's interesting wasn't mentioned but it's definitely a good good answer compost kalpa so we. Everyone has several great answers. So now sofia going to discuss the artifacts of the darden endure on Sophia we can see you but we there you go now we can hear you. Thank you go ahead. We will conclude our visits to the garden today by talking about the artifacts that many of you received in your learning kits that fourth thing hoover plants native to the area were used for food medicine. Seats were introduced at the fort from london and were planted in the garden. Seeds for farming were distributed to families traveling the oregon trail on their way to start their own homesteads for hoover would share their seats with settlers road and use than your own barton's crop how of having quality scene was extremely important to settlers. They carefully saved planted and shared seeds in the spirit and tradition of several words. We off so have been practicing seeds. Saving and wish to share with you are authentic old fashioned seeds from plants race in the courts garnered and care for them. He come dry until you are ready to plant them when you are ready refer directions included with your seats so you may help carry on the tradition of four vancouver menu have a successful yield. Thanks afia going to look at some pictures of flowers and vegetables. Erste have Marigolds bright yellow and orange and reddish flowers. They are a good companion plant for several other types of vegetables keeps the insects. Don't like the smell of them so they stay away next picture user holly hearts stems with light medium and dark pink blossoms therapa. They were a popular flower in a colonial gardens. Cartoon was mentioned by nancy and the video. Awesome artichoke mike. Plant their what they eat. The eight yard a eat. The new suits stems as they came out of the ground. Next now we have flu. Cocoa pole beans A generally did not eat vegetables raw as redo like salads now with generally cook them so these would have been dried and stored and saved for consumption during the winter or they may have been fickle to save over the winter. This is A photo of pink and red poppies. We know that california poppies for growing in the garden elsa the orange orange properties common poppies. Sweet william was another Ocular cottage garden or colonial garden plant. Zip blossoms pattern with bursts bursts of whites pinks and reds cowpeas or black-eyed peas with dark marks. Along the one foot length of the being being pods and being said are reddish or white. Both were dark spots and again these would have been primarily dried and stored. This is a picture of green bean pods that produced whitish beans with dark spots tigers. I lack valentine rattlesnake or three different varieties of green games. Okay so what happened with the vegetables from the garden. The fruits from orchards and the grains from the field crops many different jobs at the fort contributed to making available the foods and ingredients that the bakers used for to prepare their baked dishes and the cooks the chief factors kitchen used to feed the many officers clerks and guests. A lot of the labor in the garden and fields was provided by local indigenous. People sometimes whole families would come to work allowing them to trade for items. In the hudson's bay company's indian trade saw farmers gardeners seeds men in other labourers with manage the garden orchard and fields. They would be plowing sowing watering spreading compost and caring for plants so they would grow steersman farmers and other laborers would ten livestock fertilized soil and replenish nutrients. Tradesmen such as back. Smith's and carpenters would make or repair farm equipment skilled laborers round the flour mill which was used to refine the wheat. Barley inquired into flowers and corn meals after harvesting there would be cutting bundling transporting processing and even packaging in story. There will always jobs that needed attention. I don't know if we have time just for questions from the talent. Amy speaking we actually are running a little bit short on time so we can move into the be kaos house now. Thank you sophia leap. Bridget thank you with lane or your leadership and if it is okay to go off your it is okay to go off camera now and go on youtube while we get megan jake Henry on to lead the next portion of the tour. And if you have questions at the end you may have questions about the garden. Were bake house at the end of. We wanna give time for the next team. Okay whenever the team is ready to start the tour of the house and i will advance the slides and play the video when you are ready one. Welcome to the big for vancouver. My name is jake in. This is my classmate enter. We're in the pacific. Northwest is very close at the washington. State's will together with megan off a curator of the national park service. We will be your tour guide for the next twenty five logan. Everyone everyone this. Is you start with one. Some showed a short video inch. Traditional vague helps videos on if you have any questions off of the national coverage today respect. Still view of the house single-story building as adult roof undivided clemson dole. Winter freights most of the stadium shows a time. Kuba started but identified as range of ryan sitting a table. It's like the big house which features a large column various cooking insurance and an assortment of other historical books such as landlines battles all. The table is a loan with a paddle with free seabiscuit. Still inches him to go straight points. This building is called the bakos there was used to big large quantities of sivas biscuits also known as hard for the people who lived and worked in remote areas like over. Finding enough food was an ongoing problem. Especially in the first years after trading post was established in the hundreds shows. Your with richard stockade protective many buildings inside there are other. Buildings stood around outside of how to save homes fenceposts when four through was established. Eighteen twenty five there was an abundance of wildlife on the land and in the columbia river offer the shots or stores of places to order food and before did not get establishing. The land was one of the first things portland sea biscuit onto a wooden table to show the first shows and toured a ship on the river. The second is to characters interacted with each other whereas this little back into shoulders another has a load of those step on his shoulder you biscuits provided basic nourishment. Many for thankful for employees. Who worked before. Those were at one of the small trading posts in remote areas the ship's crew and so back and forth from england delivering i and bringing back. Suffice employee's small ships that were still up and down the pacific coast on trading for i. One of the skits is dried. It will ask them. Definitely the sea biscuit is baked properly. It is as hard as a brick allergies. Something so hard there were soak it in a cup of coffee or added to soup or if it animal fact that this would stop went fried full biscuits a should not close the book with holes a costumed vega issue of making the fire for the biscuits and be cooked then used to rake combs from the other a sea biscuit. Bid by the big secret makes me biscuits. A harvard virus built in front of each hand foot by ten foot bricks. Once their pitchers reached the high of the fever. Move with rate. All the brokers. I've been four was then swapped king with a wet rag on a whole of a scuffle. The firstly formed though would be placed in of with appeal it would bake for three hours in quick succession rousey filled with breakouts of the weed. Stalks it on a heavily forested area area a tree hill in the foam shoreline breaking obviously till images of people of the first showing a line of people of various social causes coaches got together in front of the stock act. The second of job. You wanted to start a farm. What natural resources would you need a mild climate. That wasn't too hot or too cold. Plenty of rain rich soil that could grow crops and you have trees that gave us the bills farms fences and houses this area had all of those things including the columbia river that not only provided fresh food and water but also a means of transportation or vancouver is only one hundred miles from the pacific ocean ships from all over the world sell before. Thank you in trade for business. Fleiss by eighteen forty five farming and agriculture was a major part of the work at fourteen couvert and most of the employees worked on the farm rather than in virtually farm production contributed to the processes wealth. I'll think to reduce the amount of food that was brought in from elsewhere in addition thousands of settlers in the area that needed food supplies because this tablets there dr john mclaughlin held many hungry american settlers. They here from oregon trail right. And that concludes the video mega anything you would like to add or do we have any questions in the so. I just want to emphasize the biggest lists such an important building of the fort. The people who worked at for being cougar who were called servants of the hudson's bay company relied on biscuits from the fake house as part of their rations. And in the in a chat. Acce- elaine but a bit explanation of of the rations. What a hudson's bay company employees would get two feet themselves and their family mostly themselves and the basis daily ration for each servant in eighteen forty one included one and a half pounds of biscuit and on top about seabiscuit. Were provided to visiting ships and for trappers heading out on trapping expeditions. The because would have been producing tons and tons of food for the people here. Okay if you receive a tactile learning kit. Today's to take out the sweetie Four point of the big shots an image of the model and folded left inside on the big along street. When you have here for ready all that so that the diamond shaped arrow in the copper corner is pointing to your left. The era indicate what direction is not but we will be looking at this room as we are facing east. The neat feature in this room is of the community model. Next era these are the brick ovens couch there is arch at the base of the them by title for books expires. This heathy of above the fire the distance. Are you other things to point out on your three model. He entrance to the building is on the west wall closest you. It's represented by raised. Red thankful in on either side of the door represent windows. The cast is a to start building and you can find the location of the stairs to the second floor me at the north winds on the left. A large work table is near the center of the room. The room into our storage unit used for flower set in the bottom right or south west corner. Megan could you tell us a little a little more about the work that was done in this room so in this room. Three to four baker's work long hours in front of these massive twin ovens preparing bread and biscuit or hundreds of company employees the ovens needed to be stoked intended around the clock to ensure a consistent temperature so today we can set our ovens or three hundred fifty degrees or whatever we need but back then they needed to work to maintain that temperature for things to properly. And it's possible that at least one of the bakers lived in the buildings added to make sure the big house will always operating just as bakers to day of acres again. We're very early in the morning in order to give any leavened bread to rise anything you are visit to house today by talking about the artifacts that menu bbc arctic fox painting workshop are being shared on screen. Some of you received t packet a small paper on a little with one ounce of loose tea or leaf tea as well as the heaton. A metal fill which is a metal tin filled with twenty individual. Teabags meghan can utility anymore about these artifacts in where they can absolutely so we have as you heard already up. You defensive tease loose in seven teabags. And you re remember from the video that seabiscuit made innovate house. Were very hard. And you might have remembered hearing the word heart attack which is another word for a seat biscuits. So they were. They were very hard and difficult to eat lane. And not very good to eat. So they would offend soaked in t- soup or greece to help. Soften or enslave them and you might also remember might have been in the video that seabiscuit are just made by our waters which isn't very young so adding them to t- like a tease that you received a summer of you or soup with help give them a little bit of flavor t was also a very popular drink. Effort been cooper and archaeologists here often find pieces of teacups and saucers that were left behind and buried underground. We are nearing the end. The laws that we have any final flushing wonderful guys. This is amy. I will look at the chat and read a questions. There was a question about pre heating ovens and that was a really good question about maintaining a consistent temperature. A question is. I wonder if this is where tradition that we get were crackers or bread or mixed into soup where that comes from and another question is how did the the rations correlate with the work that was done. Could you talk a little bit about those elements of the temperature needed for banking and our traditions around soaking crackers or read in soup. Meghan sure in elaine. Your welcome to jump into. I'm not sure How long events starting. Sarah despoiling up to see the original question how long it would take to preheat of in the morning. Do you know anything about that. It took several hours. As i don't know the exact time but you know i would think as much as six hours maybe longer to preheat the oven. Since they were many removes the air so that they could big the big. The breads and districts. They can kind of get a sense you know if it takes that long to preheat leka the fire. Go out right. So that's why you need that constant attention on that that oven and then in for you know dipping crackers into su. I'm not sure this is where that comes from. A you know if you if you don't have a very young have a very good soup with a lot of ingredients putting crackers in it withhold. Make it a little harder beer and a little more philly too so that might also be part of why we add crackers biscuits and things like that to suit is also a question this is abc. About rationing what was the rationale laborers received. We know that food was a really important factor. It's as to why people chose to work at four in couvert. Yes trying looking through the shaft. Because good i had put an answer for the there has been another question about russians. Is we of time yes. Let's go ahead and answer. Also it's really good if if you're answering questions to to sometimes reiterate your answers because everyone has the chance to scan all of those responses and it's helpful for the temperatures as well thank you. So the question is did since correlate with your work as far as different levels of laborers or servants at the fort and the the rations were fairly standardized. Everybody all of the servants received the same ration. There's nothing in the records. Indicate that people receive different things. Obviously yes we mentioned in the garden room The officers of the company and their families were eight a different diet than what the service but to answer the question. The servants all received the same ration. Assuming there was enough you know. As a as i mentioned the rations for change depending what was available so it may be the case that you know people would get court flower. We've flower just because of what was available so it's great it now. We do have some time for questions about the garden if there have been questions about the garden or would like some time to discuss the garden as well as the bay counts. I like the way that the tune teams decided that the garden and the bake house go together right because what you grow in the garden went right into the bake house for preparing for food so we do have time for that. Are there any questions that folks have about the garden or other questions about the bake house omega and i see a question about Okay so it was answered tests answer to how do they keep the hot without a fire. In it commented the bricks in the ovens are made from one holding. He be easier to make it in a fire. I assume they're referring to bread. He want to talk breath at so like. Oh hi guys. I answered that when to just a comment that the fire might char or burn biscuits by cooking them. Too quickly The heat from the bricks that the oven is made from is constant and therefore very good for baking helps. Thanks fisa. is you enter that. Their grandfather used to eat part tack and with butter in soup. We had some questions about the pollinators which flowers attracted the pollinators again. my okay Pretty much all plants that flower. The purpose of the flower is to attract pollinators Most garden plants such as flowers. Vegetables are what we call insect pollinated as opposed to grains and corn which are wind pollinated. The wind distributes the pollen and Fertilizes the plants or not fertilize outside But yes to answer the question. I couldn't possibly all the flatwoods because they're all insect pollinated in the garden. If i read that in europe it was very common to have a lot of our keeping gardens to pointers as well and leonard Yes to fertilize the he plants which will help produced will allow clancy produce seeds and roots and other things. so he's very important function of those frankel question scare. Sorry if there's anything else about pollinators well bees generals there are types of bees. That only also yes. Any beans are definitely the best of it. Question is what was on the second floor of the bay cows And the answer is that we don't completely down by From the records and when they reconstructed the big house they look at you. Know what big houses at forts look like. And what's been written about the forbade hoover big house and big big. Perhaps that it was it might have been living orders or of you know at least a temporary living quarters of in that that second story but in the modern reconstruction data is stored area in case. You're wondering and then i see another question here this. How long did it take to build the modern day replica of the fort own and i would answer by saying that. It's not done yet. You don't be don't have a full reconstruction of the fort that was there in the nineteen hundreds of but it began in the nineteen sixties with the stockade into she factors house and will be bad into over the years as the national park service. There's this place here's a question about. This is amy about the honeybees driving out the native beast. Does anyone know about this. Particular type of fees at their interactions. Well jeez. I arrived out here in the pacific northwest with the settlers Not so much with the hudson's bay company but the people were coming over from the united states coming out west. And i don't really think there's been a problem with the honey bees Kind of choking out the native bees honeybees pretty well contained and they you know kind of stay in their own space and do their little third did their jobs And they don't produce expand in their population like some other insights might do so is not something that i've specifically research. I don't believe that there's been at me album shop. This is amy. We have a few more minutes left before we transition back to our main road. It actually everyone in this room will stay right where they are. I had a question about Things that i've seen a certain volunteer gardeners still maintain the garden and actually volunteer bakers may help recreate the the heart attack or the the bread that was created Can you talk a little bit. About what your volunteers do today. And why that's important. Yes we do. It's mostly at our events. Like campers in candlelight which is a big event that we have every september where there isn't a global pandemic Tracy mentioned that. The enrich reduction So during our special events we do have volunteers to sometimes fire the ovens at an unbalanced rate making her fat or sees the biscuits. And this is amy. I actually saw some people. Using some historic practices like mulching. Mulching leaves grinding them up at at putting the guard into bed just before before winter. Is there any comments. You can make about the practices that your volunteers still engaging laying the gardeners really try very hard and do very good job of making sure that they use methods that were employed during the hudson's bay company period so they are doing the same things in the garden and growing the same things and processing the foods out of the gardens. Same way hudson's bay company would have done very cool and one last really important question was about the indigenous peoples and tribes. They asked if such people came to the fort by choice and what was their roles. What were their roles at the fort. Yes there were Native people coming from all over north america including Alive cree and europe lawyer or new show you both coming to the north west to work at for trade posts including warping There were also need if people from tribes throughout the west who would come to orbit over to work as well and indigenous people native polite. I mean all the way from hawaii to work effort being flavor as well so it was It was a drought that was available and that s interested but it was not mandate smoke. Something that's for sure so it was something that people chose to do to engage a trade with a lot of cultures. Thank you very much for that. Wonderful question is this amy. Speaking about the different ethnicities and people. It was truly a multicultural place. A lot of intersections between cultures and a lot of learning. That probably was shared that. Maybe we still don't even recognize what was learned from digits people's and there's a lot of information be shared in the chapada about the took click tat nations areas more information on the fort vancouver website and what i'm showing right now by choice is that our agenda is pointing us back into this main room where you are right now we are going to transition actually talk a little bit about careers at fort so we're going to take a moment here and pause it makes sure that tracy at meghan and tessa elaine alex doug and bomb from fort vancouver are back with us. We're going to have a little bit of a panel session with them to talk about their careers. So thank you. Very much to Mr bowlers class. At mr lowery's class really excellent job in helping guide the tour of the garden and nba house. All right so leeann. Can you tell me a win. We're back together and and ready to go. Hello this is leeann. The other group ended a few minutes ago and they've started rolling in so i just need to know who i need to highlight. So we'll be ready to go wonderful. So this is amy. We are highlighting. Just leave folks at fort vancouver right now. I've actually only gonna stay on camera for just a bit because helping facilitate some questions. So if you are not speaking. Let's go ahead and go off camera and stay on you. Please thank you so much. Where allowing doug and meghan testses. Tracy alex bob to come back With us now our special host from fort vancouver. They will be speaking to us and answering questions about fair their jobs. Okay and we do wanna close also say to those that were not able to attend both rooms. This these sessions will be recorded. You are also able to look at our website and hopefully learn about the other stations that you were not able to visit because of time all right. Let's go ahead and get started with our next section in the agenda for vancouver staff you have been so wonderful to work with so delightful so easy so welcoming. We felt like this mobility matters was such a nice opportunity to work with you because of your emphasis on inclusion and accessibility and she were interested in making your fourth in making the site this historic treasure More available to everyone. And so we appreciate that even during the pandemic more willing to share your time with us in open us up to your expertise and spent time with our teams co creating event. But i'll be honest with you a lot of us including me. Don't really fully understand all of your different roles. We hear words like archaeologist and curator ranger in superintendent rounds keeper. We don't really know what all of those entail and we also know that people with visual impairments as well as the interested in careers with you and understanding more about something that may wake their curiosity a peak their interest. So let me go around and just ask some questions. And maybe we'll i'll call on you. Turn but certainly just talk about your lives. And what interested you though tracy. Let's start with you. How did you get interested in in being Doing what you do at the ford. And what is a superintendent. That really mean. Sorry thank you amy So i'm the superintendent of quarterback hoover national stork site and. I'm responsible for ensuring that we do the best job we can in managing this national park. It's like running a city and so we are responsible for maintaining the buildings that alarms had convinced faye says Obviously at our site. Archaeology is a very important report as well as a collection. There are many parts of the park a history. How do out to the public. We're public servants. Who worked for the federal government and so he are here to serve the american people and also that any visitors who come from around the world to see for ankles so my job is to work with my t- And all the staff at four fade puberty as well as about three hundred volunteers who support us. And we have. I think about seventy five nurse so it really takes a team of people working together To do what we do To do the best job that we do it for thinks it's part of the national system of and a little bit about me. I was didn't really know what i wanted to be when i grew left. And i think that's the case with a lot of people and so I came to this as as career by happenstance. It was a wonderful opportunity for me. In that way. Tsinghua trump might trail. I followed here was really quite wonderful. And i've never worked for another one station within the national election so i hope that helps. What did you study. this is amy. Where did you go to college. and what. what were your interests so I went to war. I went to college in graduate school. I also i got a b a and a masters of arts degree and it was in public administration political science. I actually grew up overseas. And so i learned about being american from afar and when we were able to come home in for the summer of vacations. My parents often took us to national. Parks are but i was actually on my way to to become an employee with the foreign service and when i was in graduate school might chairman suggested i apply for a summer graduate position with the national park service to be a policy policier. The enemies in i was selected to that position in that started my career with the park service. Thank you so much. Tracy that was really great. Let's let's go to some others. What is a curator meghan. And how did you get interested in this. What did you study to up. So a curator. The national park service is someone who cares or it easy and collection so artifacts that come from archaeology or that are donated by members of the public so caring for those historic ideas and also thanking exhibits and sharing the items with the public as they don't do a ton of good stored away. We want to share them online or exhibits and things like that. So that's also part of the job. I grew up with the national park service. My parents were park rangers. My first home was in a national park service housing at the grand canyon and So i kind of always been around. And when i got to college i went to the university of washington. And i got a bachelor's degree in history and artistry and i got a master's degree in museology which is what the university of washington calls us studies. I mean there are lots of different museums studies. All around the country or museum studies programs Including in the northwest at the university of washington. So that's where i ended up and then Tesla's snatched me up when i graduated and i've been here ever since you all seem really connected. Close like a great team to work another set. Let's go to you talk about your role within the park in in your journey. sure so i'm tussle langford. And i am the cultural resources program manager Which can be a bit of a mouthful but it basically means that. I help with running the office. That protects and shares cultural resources and things like archaeology museum collections landscapes and historic buildings et cetera. So i have degrees in cultural anthropology Both my undergraduate and graduate work. was in anthropology. And then i have a graduate certificate in museum collection care I actually am here to tell you that. It's never too early to start showing your interest in national parks Along with my mother. I started volunteering at four vancouver as a teenager I think i was fourteen or fifteen So i was one. I grew up in vancouver and iowa. Just kinda one that was dedicated to being at the fort from an early age Worked as a seasonal and different jobs. And then. After i graduated from graduate school i was able to become employed here. I love the term. Precising that it's not too early for people that are online and listening to this. This is why the applauded to share this with. You is because it isn't too early for you to be thinking about your interested in volunteering your interest in careers so we will have time for questions at the end as well. Let's go to elaine. Who did such a nice job talking about the garden and you have a different role. It's a different title. urine archaeologist. Is that right. That's i've been Archaeologist with service for about twelve thirteen years actually on staff and i was a research assistant during my time as a graduate student At the fort also and i have currently have a master's degree in anthropology. Archaeology is a discipline of anthropology. And i actually i Path that i followed in order to be with again working for the park service was through my schooling The park service house programs that partnered with students in universities to provide us such as i was research assistant. And then you can also transition into a job with the park service through Through that system. So that was how i managed to come to order for vancouver. This is actually my second career for many years. I was a graphic designer and I was tired of sitting into computer And felt like. I got doug what i wanted to do with that. So i'd always been interested in history and archaeology would get away from the computer which was a little naive on my part but and then So debbie out in the field and address my lover's history. So that was why our marriage to make the switch from via graphic designers for an archaeologist. So i'm actually canadian on sorry i kind of had a connection to the in that way So so i. I really enjoy working here. I focused on landscapes. Which is how i ended up doing my master's thesis on now archaeological research of garden for vancouver so took think that's that's basically land has a story to tell us. Doesn't it very interesting but really back you know. In the earlier centuries people said most of their time outside. And i'm interested in what they were doing outside although those buildings so sharon and i loved the the discussion about the river economy a river in what what role it played at. The ford is so critical for transportation and food and water. Absolutely all of the rivers in the area were they were the easiest way to transport them people and goods so fascinating still still so useful today still so vital for all of us. Let's go to bob. Bob talk about your work with the blacksmith. Is that that the team. She worked most closely for this event. Who will over the last few years. I've rotated out of archaeology and back into it. I was the chief of interpretation for a few years and when i was in that role and working with their interpreters and lover volunteers. I actually got to spend some time in the blacksmith shop. Then minimally learn how to be a blacksmith. I can. I can actually operate the four jn Get some iron hottest hurts pounding away on it. I don't think i can make a little more time in there. But actually that's that was a fascinating thing because i've always looked at. The blacksmith shop from the perspective is an archaeologist looking at the artifacts have been recovered there and analyzing artifacts. But it's something entirely new. Do you actually get the experience of what it was like to try. And make things out of iron and the process of black sniffing. and that's a fascinating rose and archaeologists. We actually call it. Experimental archaeology trying to replicate. How people did things in the past. And there's nothing like that hands on experience on doing something like that and it's a wonderful thing about working for vancouver where we have this reconstruction that's based upon elements of the past. Where you can get the full picture. You can actually go back and try and get that experience okay. How were these things made people pass. Make these things out of they do these things some of the more fun things at some of our volunteer archaeologist. Do they spend time in our archaeological collection at may look at artifacts that were recovered. That were made by watts. Myths in the past and then kate and oftentimes. It's even allowed us to better identify. Thanks because oftentimes we only get broken bits of things from the past and so you know having those volunteers who are skilled as laxness they can look at those broken bits and try and replicate them and sometimes they've been able to identify things that were previously identified so that can be a really fun experience. And i'm really thrilled. I've been able to spend time in the blacksmith shop and hope to get back to it in the future here. Of course i had a little shoulder injury. The last year and a half. But it's coming back to where ford to maybe doing more volunteering at the blacksmith. Stop future artifacts really. Do tell us a story hub. Where did you grow up in. How did you get interested in becoming an archaeologist. I grew up not too far from here. A little town of albany oregon and actually growing up in high school and then putting my way through college. I went to oregon state university. I worked on a grassy of all things and so actually. I was out plowing a field one day and so i'm clogged up. By aero set went back took a look at behold there was this rusty iron an actual ironman ironing clothing These recalled sad irons and a big cast iron and would actually be heated up on a stove and then you would eat them up Use them as an iron clothing and so at the end of the day. I mentioned to the farmer. It's like i found this really rusty iron. And i looked across the field right cloud and there was just sparkling bits of glass and pottery and all sorts of things out there. Oh yeah that was my great grandfather's house that was where we homestead you know that's an eighteen fifty thousand. It burned when i was a kid. Right we over out and it just kind of cut my education and like you know not so long ago. There was a house here there. Were people living here. And i'd always been interested in history. I have a bad through degree in history. But i took an elective in historical archaeology. And it just really caught my imagination and actually started work on hudson's bay company sites at a site called shampoo we state which was actually settled by former employees of the hudson's bay company for vancouver. Who settled down in the valley so that caught. My imagination is archaeologist and it was became a goal to be an archaeologist vancouver. And there's as. I still can't believe i had this opportunity. I've been doing it for over twenty years great. Thank you so much bob. Let's go to Please share a little bit about your professional journey in the work that you do. So i grew up in the southwest and my mother was born and raised in gallup new mexico and so we would visit my grandmother and gallup and my grandmother who is an immigrant from germany loved indians and she loud Going out on the reservation looking at ruins and we would go to all the different southwestern monuments like kenya shea grand canyon and all of the different national park service sites that were around gala and so i was doomed from an early age to go into archaeology I wound up in pennsylvania. My my dad was an engineer. And i'll revisited the colonial sites and battlefields out in the east coast and so when i went into College i went and got a bachelors in anthropology with a specialty in archaeology went ahead and got a masters and a phd. was a university of arizona and i wound up in the pacific northwest And i i worked in a field called cultural resources management and that's In the private sector. In for a while i had my own company and we would Study problems that had to do with developing areas for the roads or subdivisions to make sure that there weren't any archaeological sites vary historic sites or indian sites or burial grounds that would be a problem for the development and so i did a lot of that now in the park service i am. I work at the regional office. I do some of my work at fort vancouver. But i also work on historic sites In archaeological sites and other sorts of cultural resources throughout the west including a wii and the island territories. So one day. I might be looking at a chinese railroad workers camp in the high sierras and the next day. I might be looking at a ritual. Corey allen sipe pan so it's It's really quite Diverse job and. I really love. It also mentioned that i work with many different cultural resources professionals. Like curator's like megan a tessa archaeologists obviously but also people that look at historic structures user called historical architects and they specialize in how preserve old buildings. I also work with cultural landscape architects. People that are very interested in preserving old landscapes historic trees plantings around historic buildings. That sort of thing. So i also worked with historians and archivists In cylinders whole range of fields just dedicated to preserving these really important parts of our our past who nets that's important. It's so vital. Her paths is not really overwrite. It connects us to our present and it helps us make decisions in the future. Hopefully learn about who we want to be in the future from the past and we know that several folks have got to Leave but we also want to leave some time for questions. Let's quickly go to alex. Alex tell us about your job at the fort and about your journey to to do what you do will addison of the silly vander at national or say i grew up in california and my parents do that reminding them i was about four years old and just always love instruction building. The yen's started subbing preservation of accidents scream of his inspiration and then back to school after that associates. Nowhere around study. Construction management ended up and just love the preserving the fabric of bill. That's what i do here. It's all buildings and as part of the manager. My world is own answers different than you're wearing bilious operations maintenance responsible for day-to-day operations buildings sultan's grounds of the earth. And then lots of have some project in the north of the for art so making sure. The art facilities are ferguson. Are same be. You're doing such a fabulous job. Let me just say to to be open to the community to be learning to be partnering with the community. It's off it's always journey right. Just like operations and maintenance. Oem an orientation mobility. Were still always learning new ways to to do that to do that. Work and it is operations. Maintenance is really really important. I want to encourage everyone who hasn't had the chance to visit fort vancouver when this pandemic it's passed us when we are all vaccinated or more closely vaccinated for you to make the trip and actually go see the crown's alex is describing in that everyone is describing. We're gonna take about ten minutes now and open it up to your questions. There was a question specifically for bob about some of the items that he may have have made so. I'm going to scan quickly. But if i've missed a question leeann please feel free to read it out loud to the panelists. Bob tested enhancer back that i am not skilled enough yet to actually make something useful. Actually my best I spent about ten hours at before. Ge's total so. I did make very crude nail but i wouldn't trusted to actually hold much of anything together. I need a little more. It's actually lord. Time in the blacksmith shop to make something useful. It would be interesting to like make a hand for excavation or something like that in the bucks michelle. I think i'm going to have to work up to that all right. Thank you bob. There's a question about how to fishing in the winter and the preservation of rations for year. round your round preservation. Is there anyone that would like to comment on on sustenance on hunting and fishing and practices that were aware of the question thinking of i just keyed in response to that Because it's the right wanted they are asking. People were just waited out and what. I indicated was the hudson's bay company provided rations all year round. Then that's why it was so important and why they focus so much on foods that would preserve through the winter like dried beans and dried porn. things like that and Dried fish So they did so they. Labor is provided with rations all winter long but then hugging the climate is fairly. You know i wouldn't say balmy but but Pleasanton the pacific northwest and hunting and fishing continued all winter long. Also so i wasn't really a waiting it out. There was food available. Amy one of the questions that came on very early on was when we took our walking tour around the fort and saw the buildings. One of the questions is why. Aren't there very many buildings in the middle. They seem to be on the on the outer edges. Yeah i can take that This is doug At the height of the fort she had two courtyards in the middle in that was used for outdoor activities and then the main buildings were gathered around those courtyards and so In front of the first store for example they would use that outdoor area to bring out the furs to beat them. Like you would a rug to get all the dust off into make sure that they aired out and so they would be used utilizing that courtyard space variety of activities question. There was a a question about more of the gardening practices if some additional comments could be made about the usefulness of those gardening practices today. Elaine i suppose they must be referring to the sustainability practices. You think okay. Yeah they're they're it's as a day rededicated when we're talking about in the garden room It's very important actually to if you are going to be using the land to try to use it in a way. That is sustainable. We have plenty of evidence that shows that the methods that we've been using adding chemicals and and things like that are not good for the planet so if everybody could make an effort of their to do things not just gardening but many things in the sustainable fashion that will help to protect the planet for everyone. Really nice in that vein. Aaron had questioned to about what did people with their waste garbage. If it was ganic it went into the garden after had gone through a certain amount of processing and plus. Actually doug might be better for this. This is his specialty but didn't generate years which garbage then as we do now so doug over to you. You're so All archaeologists aren't really hurts in because that's what is left behind after people leave so The refuse piles of the hudson's bay company inside the fort was right behind the buildings inches dumped it out of doors and windows. sewage They had a thing called a privy and was an outdoor outhouse. An outhouse which was away from the buildings he would have been right on the edges of ford palisade. And that's where people would have gone to the bathroom. It was just basically a hole dug in the ground and they had a special type of ceramic containers inside the houses. It kind of looks like a soup tureen. But you would never want to have soup out of it. It's called a chamber pot in that chamber. Pot would have been used for people if they was late at night and they had to get up and go to the bathroom they would go into chamber pot and then someone in the morning would come and dump that stuff in the privy. Yuck to part of life. This is amy part of life in. Its part of recycling to thank you for answering that question. There's been a couple of questions about the life of a blacksmith. I think the blacksmith role is kind of fascinating for a lot of people who've attended today The one question was rushed to a blacksmith. Skit breaks did they. Did they ever earn some time off. And maybe someone could describe kind of what the day in. The life of a blacksmith was and i know in one of your videos that talks about that. Being a blacksmith was an attractive job because of benefits the foods that people would have access to as part of their payment can try and take this one. So i kind of talked about this also during the breakout session. Compared to today. I think lot of people would think being a blacksmith is hard way of life. Right he was very physically demanding. You're hammering on ir. You're standing next to a hot forge all day Is the evidence. Is a blacksmith area for vancouver. Probably doing about twelve hours of work a day. They did get breaks all the employees. God's a breaks actually tea breaks as well as a lunch. Formal lunch break. We really don't know about time off other than during the holiday season specifically christmas and new year's almost everybody at for vancouver got almost streak week off and they really through elaborate parties and had dances and really took us rate from work. And you know. The company would have directed what the blacksmiths were making. You know if there was a need for access for trade than they would set up the blacksmith and tell them hey they might be making accidents for a street meek as they're building up towards the brigade season we need more of you know beaver tracks so suddenly. That's what they're having to make. Probably for weeks on end is just beaver traps and again it just depended on what the need was. Oh we're going to construct a new building. We need door hardware right so they're going to be making strap inches intels or nails. Sometimes they would have to make nails other. The evidence is a lot of nails were actually shipped in remanufactured from england. So i'm sure it was repetitive. Work because again. It's like the company needs axe heads. So you for a week or two you might just be making. Dozens of actions might get kind of tedious. Because you're the same thing over and over and over again but again midst. During the winter it was colder than than it is. Now we have trouble finding a change. what's interesting. Is the columbia river. Used to freeze over almost every winter. you could literally walk across the ice and it's almost a mile wide years for vancouver So it definitely was cold in the winter and it rained all the time or snow of being inside next to a hub. Forge was probably a pretty nice perk of the job during winter. But as i mentioned during the breakout session fits july and august and it's in the eighties or nineties. It's it's going to be a hot job because you're standing next to a very hot fourth so it kind of depended on the season as to how nice it was in the blacksmith shop. So there are a lot of pluses and minuses to being blacksmith. Just like almost any job could think of so much for this wonderful panel discussion of your jobs and your roles at this point in time i know there are dozens and dozens more questions. We will try to answer some of those questions. Offline and via email for you. We also want direct you back to the fort vancouver website if becky could post the fort vancouver website the mobility matters website also has some of those sound clips and directions for sowing your seeds if you got seeds from us other Videos will be posted. They're free to watch again. This another important thing that i want to mention before we go over to our sponsors. It is really important to us to hear from you about what you thought of this event because we're learning to at the university about how to host more accessible events how to be more inclusive of our community so we would love to hear your feedback on this event using a survey and becky is going to post. That survey in the chat hot will also receive an email. Please take a minute or two. Incomplete that survey because that really helps us learn about how to make the world a little more inclusive will share those results of the survey with our partners at fort vancouver to. They're very interested in in supporting accessibility. And in addition in this last portion of the event we're going to hear from some of our sponsors. I'd like to turn it over. I in tracy said she's here with us As one of our lead sponsors who donate it so much of her staff time and resources to supporting us tracy. You also shared some resources about employment that we posted on our website employment with the national park system that we wanted to make sure that everyone from across the country and for the uk. Or where these employment tracy. Now thank you amy. I'll be brief. I just want to know on behalf of the national park service in portland nationalist historic site. Are we feel privileged to be part of this. Today is really a wonderful experience the staff You've got meet some of them here. This virtual online offline but I hope that you all can make to national park in visit us. If not at four been coomer another national park in the national park system. It so important. I'd like to say that Who we are as a people as americans. It's reflected in our national parks. National parks are the end. Excuse me law parks when you go to like the grand canyon go. That's really big there. oregon yellowstone everglades where they're alligators And of course. The monuments like rushmore. A women's rights are so many places to go and I think there's something for everyone in a national park sir. Please take that offer continuous Last year and now it's been really tough because of the pandemic but this will pass and we will be able to gather together. And i just want you to know that for vancouver's A doors are always open and welcoming you to come in time with us. And this is the beginning i've shared with. Amy scott began. Where here we're committed We'd walk to do the best job. He can serving all our visitors. And so this is just a tremendous end thank you. We've tried to be partner in a couple of other things And we're gonna keep doing that. And i hope there will be able to interact with everybody in the future. So thank you very much and really really appreciate this. I see that tina is here. Tracy truly we are. We are those. That's music to my ears that we will that we will continue to partner with you. Thank you so very much for sharing the beautiful part of of america that we can be proud of which is a multicultural multicultural and rich and diverse. History that we share tina ankle. Is our associate dean at the college of education and also someone who is very passionate about inclusion as a rehabilitation history and extra dis in counseling. And she's here to welcome you and Say a few words about our college of education at portland state university. Thank you all for having me on behalf of the college of education. I just wanna thank Ab parker and all of the faculty and staff in the department of special education at psu. A no so much time and energy and effort goes into this wonderful conference and i have been fortunate enough to attended person. I think the first year would it was sell in the college and sent some of my alumnis from the rehabilitation counseling program to participate. So i just wanna thank you and for the work that you're doing. That's so important for community access and inclusion for all all people just to have that universal Ability to participate in mobility of central to that and i'm very passionate about access to of work workforce and i study career development and without that i mean we see transportation across the world really is one of the number. One barrier is to be able to participate in the in the workforce. So the work that you all are doing is critical to that. I share your vision and your commitment to this. And i'm so honored that the college of education is able to do this work with you in in a very small way to through partnership so thank you. Let's go now to our partners at another portland state university before we go to our partners at american printing house for the blindly and my partner in crime in hosting this event today Would molly please come online. And share a few words about the work of the digital cities testbed center who supported are interpreting supports today very committed to inclusion as. Well thank you so much. Ab hello to everybody. And congratulations to dr. amy parker mr steve. Lowery curator meghan huff miss leeann guerrillas. Sorry if i'm mispronouncing your last name. All the interpreters captures and everyone who helps make this tour possible today especially the students. It was so exciting to see people from all over the country here. I worked with one of the sponsors of this event called the digital city testbeds center and that is a program at portland state university. One of the things we do is to look at how new technology can help people with disabilities get around cities safely and easily stuff like an app on your phone that shows and tells you how to get somewhere or different kinds of signs that tell you where you are. We work with community members in portland oregon as well as teachers portland state university in feeding. Dr amy parker. I'm sure some of you are familiar with the phrase. Nothing about us without us. This means that people with disabilities should always be involved in developing the tools. That are supposed to help them. In a dc t see. We believe that working with the community is super important. So thank you for your participation. today we're so happy to support this event. I thought the tour was awesome. And i hope that other national parks will work on developing tourist. Like this one thank you again. We could not have done this. Eventaully dr holly lawson. Whose on screen with me. Who helped co coordinate this event with me at who helped lead the three d. printing team that's sent out all of the three d. printed models We could not have done this without you. The end and without the american printing house for the blind to help purchase the supplies from the gift shop that went out to everyone who helped with the captioning for today. Who helped host with this wonderful room. And who also helped disseminate the message and be more inclusive so that we can truly have a representation from united states. I mean that's really wicked. Cool right so talk to us about your work. Leeann and thanked sure of one of the things that i just wanted to say. Is the american. Printing house for the blind has been around a very long time and so those students out there. If that sounds familiar it might have been written on. Some of your books could be written on some of the materials. You're using some of the electric devices you might use. So that's probably why it sounds familiar. But you don't usually hear from us. So i wanted to let you know. That's why it sounds a little bit familiar. We've been hosting actually learning activities for students three days a week now in the east coast time from three to four. You get to do the math on figuring out what time that is in your time zone and you're welcome to join us live or you can feel free to catch the recordings on our youtube channel. These are built for people who don't see well don't see it all so lots of description. Lots of words but it is always captioned for those that need. That's that's just a little taste of some of the things we have for students. Lots of equipment and books for you as well. And then if you're an educator realize we have professional development available to you to we have professional development. That's live where you can actually get in there and ask questions and then we also have a synchronous instruction on a learning management system so you can continue to learn this partnership was wonderful. It allowed us to reach many people in different walks of life. And i truly am looking forward to the opportunity to maybe tour different fort or historical landmark again and make it a truly accessible experience. So thank you for inviting me. An are wonderful team. At a p h along amy so pleased to complete your surveys. We also thanked the washington state. School for the blind. Mr lowery mr bowler. In all of the students who participated today in shared your expertise were co creators with us at wsb chose not to say some final words of but we do think scott mccollum and we think sean the cormick from the washington state school for the blind for their leadership in support of their staff and students for participating today. Please you complete the survey. We are ahead of schedule. We are finishing our time ahead of schedule. Also thanks to our portland state. University students who engaged in a three d. printing project printing sometimes trying to print Twelve floor plans a day. They were doing that. And dr holly lawson sent out re printed machines to us so that our students could create that do visit our website. You have access to those files at access to many other cool things. They're alright later. Everybody thanks for your time. I want to also say thank you to our interpreters and those that provided are closed captioning. It truly makes it an an environment where everyone is included in. Q qadir thank you. Wsb student is. This is the end of this section and Your possibility your teacher has asked for you to join a different link at two pm just for you. You have wonderful words in the chat rocked it so great if you are listening for something called an a. e. r. e. p. code if you know what it is who who but on their catch i did henry. Thank you very high how they keep coming back over on a friday afternoon. Just get start rica. first of all. I just wanna say regarding the event. Congratulations henry hickey. Li i have heard already from so many people how How pleased they were how much they enjoy the event and enjoyed your leadership. So thank you very much for being for stepping out and for trying something new for helping lead the event so we've got Charles that's coming in q you turn your camera and microphone on. Go get know becky. I think we could probably just stay in the same room. You'd like to wait a few more minutes for others to come in to see if they will just still still early. Maybe a couple minutes we can. Maybe more minutes then get started also and henry charles. Qe we appreciate you all coming on time through. I respect your time to get you started in that vein If you wanted to put some of us in a breakout room we could go ahead and start so hickey. Leeann henry and charles could go ahead and start on time if you wanted to. Okay yeah that way here. You're getting your commitment over with. We respect your time so that he did. You want me to stay in the main room for you to go in the break room or do you want a direct me into the breakout room with qa. At either way let me never signed a breakout room singing questions ready to. I have the questions ready. I'm ready to go well. Maybe i'll put you there and then we'll join or you'll stay in this main or else. No one else comes them. Come on over or close. A breakout room and walked. Be back okay. We'll adult while the recording. We just don't want with the recording. Okay i'm just not sure if we can all leave the main room here comes. Here comes tori tori. It's hi sorry about that. Greg your tory. Yeah well what do you think should we all. Just start in this room this point or we could split into two and two cisco headed start. We'll go ahead and start in. This room sounds good. Think everybody's ready just to roll on. Yeah he's gone gal should i. Should i go ahead and start than becky. Want me to kick it off her or you like to start What we have this intro to read through. I could do that Kickoff questions all right everybody. My name's becky a. psu students. And i hoped to organize mobility matters. I wanna i thank you all for participating. I think it went really well. And i was really impressed with your student. Leadership So thank you for agreeing to participate in. Today's focus group discussion as he knows your parent or guardian received in reviewed the consent form for this project. And you'll also received the assent form and you both agree that it's fine. Free to join the discussion. The purpose of this study is to explore what promotes student access. Engagement self-determination in enjoyment during the virtual field trip. We just have six questions for the group and we think that our conversational last thirty to forty five minutes. So it's your choice to answer or not answer any questions if we start the focus group and you change your mind participating. You're welcome to stop. We're going to record the meetings so we can write down. The ideas from the discussion and the recording will not be shared outside of the research team. So that seen in this study focuses on your learning experiences at the virtual field trip is considered to be a low risk study because the topic of the research is not sensitive controversial in ray. We'll do our best to protect your confidentiality by not using your names in our work in keeping information from our focus group on a bus were protected server. Risk if you have any questions before or after the focus group. You're welcome to ask them any questions at this time before we go. Yes it's story speaking right now tori. So why did you guys decide to set this focus. Group of this is amy. I love that question. The whole thing that we're studying here with this this This focus group is really your perspectives. S leaders so we wanted. We want to understand from your perspective as students. What you've learned about yourself and what you think was effective about the experience. Okay sounds good okay. Any other questions. Oh capable we'll go ahead and start the recording so that we don't miss anything that you say thank you reported. Okay so the first question for you guys is describe your role at the virtual field trip afford bit. Couvert tori go ahead tori my role in the fort. Vancouver virtual trip was a tour. Guy of the blacksmiths. God big house charles. Go ahead visitor guide for the first store a two time for the garden for the historic garden. Thank you akili. you know. What's so amazing. Is all four stations represented by the force. Four student leaders. Who are here. I am so excited. Thank you very much already answered. The first question and the second question goes along with that and it just slipped away from my screen. Becky do you have the second question. Paul knock the second question is what did you learn about four vancouver by hoping to host this event tori though head tori. The thing i learned from this is that it's okay to be nervous and that the floor. The blacksmith shop is instead of what so nothing catches on fire. And i was definitely nervous before. The event arles go ahead. Charles on the scene. I learned is that i should will tori. I should always so confident in myself. And i did feel confident and that a lot of the tool. Another thing is a lot of tools for hoover. I learned that. They were only by hand like i at the glass shop and that own unlike of loophole week straits lexus just assets. That's what they learned account with about two. I'm learned that. Wake the tower at the top left of Way picture of the four vancouver power. I assume that like they chew. China's boy knows jersey of announcements that ships going in and out break. That's the question that's exactly right to that. Y different ways. Thought people used to make their gardens. Stein thank you. Yes and i really appreciate that that you were all very brave and stepping out as tory said feeling nervous that that's something that that everyone who was involved. I'm sure even your teachers felt a little nervous about helping hosts such a big online event. Yeah so that's really normal and it is something that you can be very proud of achieving resistant. The third question. You're already rocking through. The questions is what did you learn about yourself or others on the team through this process of helping host the event tori. Go ahead tory island. To be confident is usually what i you know. Audience sometimes get alertus. That's a great thing to learn. As i feel like i'm kind of weird subtypes defensive that not at all. I think very humid. Because if that yeah thank you tori other charles. Sure charles i and to be patient. During the event blurting states out excited to be Bright so giving yourself more time to pause before responding. Yes yeah that's how it is with me too great others. What did you learn about yourself. Or others. Through the process of helping host the event atlantic boston injury or he keeley. You want to answer anything about that question for different kind of for all different I were about myself that The i could. I could do like Practice great great yes. It does take practice to to try new things out and to take on new roles. Heiki league you were saying about that. We're all doing practicing it. Sure this this learning about others to akili. People are all different in that they have different. Strengths won't one nice. Okay where it onto the fourth question. Then in your opinion what were the most successful parts of the event and why charles sure most successful event in my opinion was probably when i spoke lake by carts i feel like i did that pretty well and i felt like i across the city on the practice had paid off healthy so but pretty credited towards a great feeling. Go ahead tory well for me. It was that. I was confident and just pretty well speaking to. I think a lot of people said that about about the student leaders that they were impressed with Your confidence and speaking yet. I is like okay and i think this question too is also about any other parts of the event that you felt were successful not just your role or although your role is very important but What other parts of the events that you thought were successful. Give them a couple of reminders of some examples of things. Oh sure rally. Yeah so we. During the event you heard an inch reduction from tracee superintendent in she talked about with for was and then meghan i. What tour with tactile. You had a copy of you also have other things in kids like those artifacts and the three d. printed floor plans right i think finding materials easily was successful headline montecito. Vermont story. we were just all to leith space to finish your thought of own. I in my opinion is that on. What here. When i was practicing it to all the naturally doing it because like for me i like it's easier just by myself incentivize implantable whole crowd my thinking what will worry. I agree with that. The two of each thing. Why while has got to learn a little bit of out of buildings tour that support now. Doesn't it when you go in there and better weather. Check all the stuff out on the fort before for skills camp. It was tori. Who said that. In fact is i thank for forces. Eventually i moved to vancouver to do this to go to school. Culpable toward it. Only mississippi is amazing. Like we may have lost any of. Yeah so i'll jump in. So were there any other things like that. Mr lowery brought up the materials or the different arts of the different parts of the floor. You like the different stations. Yeah about any of the materials that you received those two and translate something really quick. Sure speaking by the way would go out in the you know slide show for the turon before. It was kind of loud for a while noises. You're assault someone else. Comments in the chat that that was very loud. I put in the chat that i don't like crowd noise. This i understand really good hearing on the tax little math. Make it clear to understand helping to lead out. Yeah i got lost about loss. I was following along was it did go pretty fast. Were you saying something. Akili count stood. How make it bit player. When the what about those three d. printed floorplans without. I've thought those really cool. Okay let's move on to number five this two more questions so this one is in your opinion. What parts of the event weren't as successful or could have been improved trying to think. Oh charles who ahead In my opinion it kind of went a little long so maybe we could have short ended in not did the sponsors that could have been idea like Like once we played with osterloh question after the panel the cringes the could've shorten it could have been like well. Thank you everybody for joining us out of the circle vancouver. Bright a stopped there. We agree eight definitely agree e. Yeah you thought it was a little long to tori breaking. It'll ask me rain on fall asleep ago headache signing the end i had to get up for seconds. Walk around brains geico other ideas about what could have been improved tores While sounds great. But maybe for the cannon the Using the slides lake turn down the volume a little bit and i thought there have been like a little more. Sounds like 'cause my personal Like my personal opinion. I was like i will the fire in me. Most was a little bit shines. I thought thing baby when you dream the walking tour maybe should be inside of the building. As you show the exterior. Shell such experience. I agree a back. I agree with that just moved. Keely did you have any thoughts about what could have been improving the interior to the building just outside that idea right. Well we have one more question okay. Number six might you use what you learned during this experience in the future story. Go ahead torie when Be more confident to an. I do more hosting things If we ever do like this again. I can always take a learned during this and apply them to to this again to like The local of redo the mobility matters again. I could do like that like a playa to save the same learned. Yeah he. Mr larry iva question. Do we do this every year. Or is this just a new samy started during i up until last year. We've always taken our pacific history class on a visit field trip to the four and we did go last year in a ball before school was dismissed. Cova that this is the first year that we've tried anything virtual this and really it. Was you know through the leadership of psu. In collaboration with a lot of folks that we were able to pull together this big and comprehensive of of a virtual tour So yes it's brand new for me and all of us this year right anyone else have anything else. You wanted to add to that last question. How might you use what you learned during this experience in the future and did off. This is amy. I got cut off from the internet. Can you hear me. Okay yes yes speaking. Hey tori So i had a question maybe as a follow up about careers or opportunities for jobs or volunteering or what you might use in the future. Could you talk a little bit about anything that comes to mind in that regard. Did you learn anything about archaeology. Or yeah and you want to be a tennis. So guests that climatize endless archaeology fees some kind of scientists not a archaeologists and and and even know on koa going on and everything. I saw I saw the of ritual tour for vancouver still. Weren't really well charles on charles. I wanna be all adjusts. When i grow up and i could always. I could always work for the national park service as wola. Gist i wanna be chemists. Sards involved in orlando. We're talking about but Well i actually think. Chemistry is involved in archaeology. Tories and i do. I think that maybe as they uncover those fragments of artifacts of historical pieces that they probably have to use a special procedures. There there may be some other connections with chemistry and zoology charles. That's that is a real interest. The national park does. Many national parks have extensive wildlife living on the land bison of goat's. That's that is not out of the question. Is there anything that you learned about jobs that you can think of that. That comes to your mind. A song park service of the park service. The go ahead show streets. Foreman actually started by volunteering. During the summer make k. That sometime and see what it's like to help with you know with the procedure is that they do with the fragments. Then has aaron like him sees actually like put a link in the chat for you. It's a little youtube video about how carbon dating works. Which is a direct tie in where you would use chemistry in archaeological setting. We'll yeah. I topped lincoln. I'm gonna watch the video after this meeting. You know so i. This is a be speaking. I know that you were saying that the the ending part was maybe a little dry with the rangers speaking but i know that that was the part that they wanted to share about their though it raise a we could make that a little more interesting in the ordered that we could take your point. It's as leaders about having a little bit of a break so that people can rest their eyes and go to the bathroom. Veges stretch ryan talk about careers that might have made it better or easier. That's for sure. Definitely definitely a lot of along. Well thank you very much for your time. Is there anything else. You'd like to share with us. Anything that that comes to mind that you'd like to share well when fence act up is that i have my tonsils and adenoids removed when i was Ten almost eleven and been the first grade aged. This is alex. Henry's father so this is for all the the student leaders. Y'all worked hard in practice and henry night practiced on the reading and Us pretty nervous. I know anyways nervous and that was a little bit nervous but you all practice and were very successful in large group of people. How do you think this experience might make it easier for you. In the future to even present in more information helped shared learning experiences to other groups and even after covid women. I don't know that's a really hard one. I'm sorry to say that. That is true. When i was really nervous i to practice old. Wont i practice that. In my had a bite there could be like growth Muggy people other times. That's true that's true. Vakili would be with a smaller audience. This was with a lot of people. Yeah i think you also. We heard back from some people who said that her favourite part of the event was you you will. Yes was years that maybe maybe because you shared and you were brave and didn't let your fears overcome your ability to participate that other kids. Maybe inspired to take on leadership roles. That's that i think. That's a huge. I think your your sweats and you're being nervous. Being a leader means being responsible being viable needs collaborating with your peers and it also means reflecting back on on how things went during now demonstrating really good leadership skills. Also i put in to volunteering. You are more about with national Chat outside from that you all are now known no leaders with the folks of these our local national park service office and so i'm so happy with them they're gonna know are welcome. You throw your network love to help out in the national park service sunday says to help you know with artifacts you know That special process. There's tons in her question. So we meeting close to wrapping up end before any becky and of us today stinson here. I wanted to share with you. Some feedback that mr did i received after the event mr hallam. Who's our superintendent was there. Were concerned mr maccormick. Was there a lot of your fellow. Students were there as participants. So but mr macao's specifically said mr bean email and so. I think it's good for us to share that with you just parts of this email so. Forgive me if i pause for. But he said that. Today's effort from ability matters was truly exceptional. He said each student did an amazing job with their part. And i couldn't be more proud student. Voice is something that we all are always looking to center in our work in this effort provided authentic opportunity for just that end on a national scale. I appreciate that. Our students were meters in this work. Is i hope that you have a wonderful weekend. I know that. I will because of what our students demonstrated. Today is where amazing smile a lot by the way that it's bad leaguer you inspire your fellow students also all right. Well thank you very very much. We will follow up with mr lowery and mr be after this event. This is amy speaking. But becky and i are very honored to have this time us. Thank you for spending your time with us to share your insights as student leaders. Work for my everybody you player but the recording has stopped.

mr john fort vancouver washington state school for th charles amy parker Wsb mr steve lowery portland jake otake siani jill circle national park Upn badeah basketball sturridge backout washington lister Russell wilson
chapter 57 Friday Febuary 26

daily podcast

5:04:09 hr | 6 months ago

chapter 57 Friday Febuary 26

"This podcast is sponsored by gather federal credit union. Your local hawaii on dealers h. A. doctors waikiki. All things new hawaii and dunkin hawaii from a cross stylise on k. This is your source for breaking news. News now i i. At four hawaii's unemployed fed up this afternoon. Dozens who lost their jobs in the pandemic march to the state capital demanding answers. They want the state labor department to open the unemployment office and processes benefits on time but some state lawmakers say. They're doing the best. They can chelsea davis here with both sides chelsea. Yeah mark ash. Demonstrators wanted to make sure their requests for help was loud and clear organizers. Say some people have been without pay for almost half a year. they've helped form rallies over the last six months and they say the labor department denies every invite to a ten. The group wants the seat to re open the unemployment office to the public so more people can be helped they ally are saying they're afraid to open up because they'd be overwhelmed by too many people but that's the problem they created by keeping it close. I think they just create a bigger problem. Tell you every day all of us. Legislators get these desperate pleas and desperate calls from our constituents people are on their these literally digging. Because as sergio mentioned they can't pay their rent there to not be able to afford to provide for the basic needs of their family for their old. The unemployment office has been closed to person services for nearly a year now. Both the state and organizers of today's rally says the labor department is doing their best lockers are working to get more bodies to help process claims and hope. They can reopen to in person services to chelsea davis hawaii news. Now thank you charles. While jobless workers protests poor service the state legislature moved swiftly to protect their employers from higher taxes companies and nonprofit agencies were facing unemployment tax hike because of the surge in claims. The money needed to cover more than a billion dollars in claims. Lawmakers and business leaders introduced a bill to prevent those increases. But we know it's going to be a long path towards economic recovery but this is definitely a one a compelling definitely important issue l. a top priority for us governor ige is expected to sign the bill lawmakers say they still hope to find money to cover the unemployment shortfall by budget reorganization and new federal aid state reports four more covert related deaths to on. Who end to on maui. There are also fifty new infections. Sixteen on who to on the big island one on coeli and remaining cases were reported on states. The world's first one shot covert vaccine is another step closer to emergency use authorization. Researchers found that johnson and johnson's single-dose vaccine is eighty five percent effective at preventing severe covid nineteen symptoms vials also could be stored at normal refrigeration temperatures for three months. The fda is expected to make a final decision on. Johnson and johnson's vaccine in the coming days. Longs drugs is offering vaccine appointments at four new locations on oahu. It's to have a beach. I know high not an easy lay and also to the kylo corner alongs on the big island. A spokespersons says roughly forty-six hundred doses of pfizer vaccine will be available for patients in the one. Beef as registrations are open at cvs dot com. He's woolcock medical center. Is taking new appointments for kupuna seventy five years and older who wants to get their first kovic shot. Appointments are open friday and next week. Monday the veterans memorial hospital and these samuel martin lana memorial hospital will also vaccine clinics. On those days. You'll have to register online at wilcox. Health dot org slash vaccine and in just the past our honolulu. Police announced the end of their krona virus. Email and hotline. Because it's getting fewer tips just about ten calls and to emails every day. The program launched last august and has received more than thirty two thousand calls and emails. Hp callers can so reportcovid rule. Violators by calling. Nine one one. It mckee officers arrested. A man after a barricade situation it started around nine this morning at an apartment building on young street near pensacola. Investigators say twenty seven year old. Neil ray barricaded himself in his room. After threatening his roommate with a kitchen knife. he surrendered to police after about two hours. No one was hurt. Diver was hospitalized after he ran into trouble in waters off kyalo base in this morning. Emergency medical services say it appears the man in his forties. Return to the surface to quickly. He was rushed to the hospital in serious condition. Golf great tiger woods is awake and responsive in california crash. The forty-five-year-old was driving to eight television. Shoot when his se crashed into a median and rolled over. Jay great has update as tiger woods begins his recovery inside this california hospital. We're getting a better idea of what doctors described as significant orthopedic injuries to his right leg. He had multiple fractures. So when you go in surgically they have to repair all those pieces piece them all back together and make sure it's stable surgeons spent several hours preparing woods fibula and tibia where a rod was put in place along with a combination of screws and pins used to stabilize injuries to his foot and ankle opposed to a social media account. This morning says he is awake and responsive over with the golfing. Legend was injured in a single car accident on a winding road about thirty miles. South of downtown los angeles firefighters using an axe and pry-bar to pull woods from his mangled. Suv that they say was traveling at a relatively greater speed than normal when it hit the center median than rolled several times. Deputy carlos gonzales was the first officer at the scene. I don't think he was aware of how gravely he was injured at the time. It could be a mixture of adrenaline. It could have been shock again. It was very quick stunned. Fans and fellow athlete sharing their concern and support online some wondering if he'll return to competition but right now there's a more immediate concern about you. Know his quality of life and being there for his kids. And that's the most important thing right now. Doctors say woods will spend several months in rehab and recovery. Jay gray hawaii news now in the wake of a deadly winter storm last week. Texas governor is promising answers to community members outraged by the state's main power operator greg. Abbott addressed at the stay just a few hours ago days. After extending subfreezing temperatures caused widespread outages. Abbott says the electric reliability council of texas repeatedly assured state leadership. They were prepared for such an event. Those assurances turned out to be false. We now know that power generators of all sources were not prepared for this severe winter weather. We have also learned that. Urquhot operators should have acted quicker to stabilize the grid. After prevent power generators for being knocked offline. The storm is blamed for at least eighty deaths. And that number is expected to rise governor. Abbot says the state is also looking into reports of skyrocketing power bills from last week he says residents will not have their power shut off because of unpaid bills on the investigate and now for a look at the conditions here at home. Here's guy honky. Well we've been telling you about this for the last several days. Then it's come to pass right. It's very very windy out there. Especially in maui. County no these are sustained winds some places have got gusts almost forty miles an hour and as such there was a handful of weather related alerts posted all coastal waters are under a small craft advisory. We still have large waves rolling into the ish. Or that's a high surf advisory but more urgent. The wind advisory posted for parts of maui county and the big in these areas shaded in yellow could get gusts upwards of fifty miles an hour and that could lead to spotty power outages so be careful out there other more details on the windy weather coming up in a little bit now. Let's have more details on the traffic. Thank you very much hockey heading west on the h. one freeway. Hbd is heading to a two car accident right at the white box exit. Fsp as already on-scene traffic heading to the west side from the halava exit h one freeway the radford pasture overpass also in town on the h. One eastbound from olen lane to poona. How no accidents to report to the windward side on any roach from the city and county of the traffic management center. I'm danielle tucker back to you ash. This podcast is sponsored by gather federal credit union. Good things happen here. Your local hawaii nissan dealers h. m. a. We're passionate about your health. Doctors waikiki. Hawaii's best urgent care all things. New hawaii dream design build and dunkin hawaii. How he runs on dunkin. Welcome to nine to five. Mac daily for friday february twenty. Sixth twenty twenty one. i'm chance miller. We are sponsored this week by at figures leading off today apple has released mac. Os big sur. Eleven dot to dot to to the public. The update brings a fix for macbook air and macbook pro users with apple saying it prevents those models from incurring damage when they are connected to third party. Usb c hubs and docks apple specifically says at this update addresses the issue for two thousand nineteen or later macbook pro models and twenty twenty or later macbook air models the full release notes. Explain quote macos big sur eleven dot to dot to prevents macbook pro twenty nineteen or later in macbook air twenty twenty or later models from incurring damage when they are connected to certain third party. Noncompliant powered usb c hubs and ducks end quote. Unfortunately apple doesn't provide additional information about this problem. So it's unclear whether some mac users have experienced this damage worth apple's updates. Our preemptive hubs in docs are common accessories for macbook users nowadays with apple having switched to an all usb and thunderbolt design so users rely on these hubs many of which are not certified to add ports like usb a and hd back to their laptops so you can update your mac now to the latest version of big sur by going to the software update menu the system preferences application. The update is available to all big sur users and does not limited just to affected machines. So if you use a usb hub hub or dock with your macbook. We recommend updating sooner rather than later in other news apple is investigating ways to enhance. Its siri voice assistant for users with atypical speech patterns. The company confirmed these efforts to the wall. Street journal saying that. It's leveraging its podcast library for speech samples that could train syria to adapt to users. Who speak with stutter. As part of this research apple has built a bank of twenty eight thousand audio clips from podcasts featuring stuttering for now apple relies on its whole to talk feature as a method for interacting with siri without the voice assistant cutting off users with slower speech patterns than it's tuned for but physically interacting with a device isn't always convenient currently for users who speak with a stutter the current version of siri commonly interprets pauses in speech as the end of voice command this prevents siri from reaching its full potential for those customers so expanding the type of speech that siri is able to recognize will go a long way and making it more accessible in a research paper on the topic apple says that the ability to automatically detect stuttering events in speech could help speech pathologist track and individuals fluency overtime or help improve speech recognition systems for people with atypical speech patterns apple adds that despite increasing interest in this area existing public data sets are too small to build generalize disfluencies detection systems and lack sufficient annotations which is why its undertaking this new project the research paper also acknowledged that the current approach to tuning siri for this fluency is only one approach and there remains an opportunity to improve the effort using language models and other methods so finally apple concludes that while its current research focuses on users who stutter future research should explore other categories and characteristics as well we are sponsored this week by app figures. Do you want to get the numbers behind popular apps and games this weekend. Apps is a new newsletter from at figures that round up mobile insights and trends every week. It's data i with no fluff. You can sign up for free at app. Figures dot com slash newsletter. This weekend apps is a highlight of my inbox every friday. And you don't wanna miss out. That's at figures dot com slash newsletter. My thanks to app figures for their support of nine to mac daily drowned out this week. Let's check in with blair outland from nine to five toys. Who has details on. Some of the best apple deals to get you ready for the weekend all of the weekends. Best apple deals are headlined by selection of apple's latest and previous generation ipad pro on sale for four hundred seventy dollars. Our topic is the previous generation. Twelve point nine inch ipad pro wi fi two hundred and fifty six gig model for seven hundred and seventy dollars in certified refurbish condition down from its original. One thousand one hundred and forty nine dollars going right. Today's offer amounts to three hundred seventy nine dollars in savings and marks one of the best discounts todate. Apple's previous generation ipad pros liquid retina edged edge displays with promotion true tone and wide color support. That's alongside apple's a twelve x biotic chip to power the experience as well as face. Id a twelve megapixel camera around back and of the ten hours of battery life per charge next up. No mad is currently offering nine five raiders and exclusive offer on its lightning carbon caribbean for seventeen dollars and fifty cents down from its usual thirty five dollar going rate. You're saving fifty percent here with today's offer march one of the lowest. We've seen sedates nomads. Carbon caribbean or isn't essential everyday. Carry upgrade thanks to ensuring. You'll always have way to fuel your iphone airpods and more on hand on top of being able to clip to your bag. It packs a lightning connector on one side and a usb port on the other plugging into wall adapters power banks and more and about today anchors ending the week with a new sale via official amazon storefronts discounting collection of iphone and android a central's usb hubs and more from fifteen dollars. Headlining is the anchor. Sound corps life q. Thirty anc headphones for sixty eight dollars which are down from the usual ninety dollars going right and marking one of the best. We've seen today. It's anchor sound corps life q. Thirty headphones deliver active noise cancelling alongside and over ear design. That's backed by up to forty hours of battery life per charge. You'll also count on a lightweight. Built here alongside forty millimeter drivers to round out the package. And don't forget that you'll find all the other weekends. Best deals over and ninety. Five toys dot com. That wraps up another week of nine to five mac daily as always. If you like the show please be sure to subscribe in podcast app in overcast or wherever you listen every day and while you're there it's very helpful to us if you leave us a five star rating and review again. My thanks to app figures for their support of nine to five mac daily this week be sure to check them out at the link in the show notes below. You can find all of the latest on nine to five. Mac dot com. Follow me on twitter at chance h. Miller and be shared a comeback on monday for a new week of apple news. This podcast is brought to you by american savings bank hades friday february twenty six and this is now on. H n n not detected further translation. This just in this morning officials report the presence of a new. Kobe variant in the state about putting vaccinations in the arm. Money in the pocket children in the schools president biden's covid relief. Bill is winding its way through the house but democrats in the senate lose out on a key provision steven portnoy at the white house where aid say. Mr biden is disappointed as we evolve. We can get them. Maybe get there sooner rather than later. I'll who is now in tier three which means fewer restrictions but use. Sports have not reopened as part of this tier mayor. Rick blend yard. He says he's trying to change that. Whole the league's accountable. These stories plus bruno. Mars has a new album and band in the works. Those details coming up on this now. Good afternoon thanks for watching. This is now on this. Aloha friday marks in for ashleigh. Today we want to get straight to the latest corona virus numbers being reported by the state new data released moments ago shows forty four new cases in two deaths. This comes a day after all who moved into tier three of its reopening for more information on a county by county breakdown of infections and to hawaii news now dot com so market wanted to pull this live picture coming from washington. Dc a lot of news coming out of the capital today. Congress is expected to pass. Joe biden's american rescue plan that kovic relief out of the house of representatives sometime today. We're talking hours now. It's expected to become law next month but democrats lost portion of that plan. Here's steven portnoy with more on that. The house is preparing to vote on the president's one point nine trillion dollar covert relief package. We have the ability to crush this virus and get more resources where they are badly needed. The package includes fourteen hundred dollar stimulus checks for individuals. Earning less than seventy five thousand dollars a year. It boosts federal employment payments to four hundred dollars a week it also includes funding for school reopenings assistance for rent and food money for vaccine distribution and aid for state and local governments. The bill will likely pass with few if any republican votes. We already know. What is the best stimulus. Plan out there. Just fully reopen our economy. The house bill contains a fifteen dollar an hour. Minimum wage provisions but in the senate parliamentarians has a cancer vine the process that democrats are using to avoid a gop filibuster here at the white house. Aides say the president is disappointed by that decision but respected. We are committed to finding the best path forward to increase in the minimum wage. And that will require a number of conversations with leaders in congress and members committed to this issue moving forward senate majority leader chuck schumer is considering a new provision that would tax corporations that don't pay their workers at least fifteen dollars an hour steven portnoy. Cbs news the white house. The department of health has given us an update on various of covid nineteen in the state. Here's some of what was said just a short time ago in a media briefing so the ones that we'd found are the key to strain. This is an interesting strain found originally in brazil and it's remarkable because it has a mutation on which we call The for four k mutation and this mutation is associated with reduced effect of antibodies. So if people form antibodies in response to vaccine or antibodies in response to infection with the previous strain those antibodies might be less effective in neutralizing. The virus of protecting us. Now notice i say less protective. I did sit there. Not protect commute today. Plenty ardita some new details about how he wants us. Sports including practicing games to resume as soon as possible within oahu tier three. Here's what he had to say this morning on sunrise. I've said this repeatedly. I don't wanna be clear as i've talked to the officials who constructed this the biggest concern about youth sports sports in general is the tendency for people to gather to watch them to play so one of the restrictions. We're going to ask among the league's as we begin hopefully get permission to give permits. Have people start to register their time periods for fields. We're going to hold the league's accountable not to gather people on the sidelines as that might be and to keep that at bay. A few will soon clarify mayor. Are you talking about bringing new sports within tier three tier system. That we're in right now. I want to call three plus a few will. I think there's room for modification. On that. Again i said it really is because the assumptions were made when they can when they wrote. The tears didn't call account for having four hundred thousand people vaccinated by early march. We've already sanctioned it in the schools as it is part of the athletic experience unfortunate. Schools have not been there. So if you want to ask me about. Is it physiologically safe while we want the kids to wear masks. We believe that they can do that. And compete We just don't want large gatherings on the sidelines and we think that that's good. It's not just the physiological aspects of kids running and breathing hard and playing. It's all the psychological aspects as well and they've been isolated for all year year. It's been really important for them. You the idea of going to practices having coaches. The peer dynamics with their teammates were so many benefits to allowing young people to be able to out there and get their employees. And so that's the biggest thing we're going to do is it. Has to have kids be able to play sports without the typical things that have gone on in the past of the families gathered on the sidelines. And you know doing all kinds of things with food and potluck and everything else. So what happens as we move forward. Are you going to keep the tier system. Pretty much as is as far as tier forest concern. And then what happens after cheer for will we ever get back to a life. Free feel normal grace. I don't have a crystal ball. And i don't have the ability to predict the future and you've known me long enough to that's true. Is that the aspiration. Sure i think you you listen to the language of the day and people talk about the new norm. The fact is on tier four. We are ready very well on our way because one of the major drivers in the tier system was to have low transmission rates and not to have a burden on the hospitals. That is actually what's going on right now. We just have to achieve those other metrics public school. Seniors can't celebrate within person graduations this year. The department of education announced that in-person ceremonies can be held outdoors or in space with quote adequate ventilation graduates can only have up to two members from their household. No other guests will be allowed the. Do the number of guests may be fewer depending on the school temperature. Checks will also be required. Logistics are still being worked out such as protocol for distribution as cova counts. Drop more kids. Are heading back to classrooms. But there's only so much space for distancing and ventilation mahir lonnie. Richardson shows us. How some schools are coming up with solutions. It's nearly twenty thousand dollar. Donation of event ends from an unlikely benefactor dies how the temptation island tv show which filmed on moee. Six event tents went to key. Hey schools come elementary local intermediate key. Hey elementary and key. Hey charter school. This enables us to at least take more classes outdoors with shady. You know on our campus and further provide ventilation which enables for safer. learning key. charter has six hundred fifty students k through twelve. The head of school says bringing kids back safely with six feet. Distancing has been a challenge is is amazed that we needed to create for kids to safely at some of our schools are very poorly ventilated representative. Tina while berger says wanted safe but some schools lack space and were built with little ventilation. We put the two-tenths at the schools that had the greatest need for example calmly elementary was built during the height of the campaign. Burning the deal. He says there are one hundred. Sixty two thousand students. Seven and a half percent are in person. Full-time sixty six and a half percent are blended and twenty. Six percent are online by choice. It comes to slowing the spread of covid. Nineteen school superintendent christina. Kishi moto says the cdc guidance as students can be closer than six feet as long as other. Safety precautions are in place in the d. number one metric that will look into modifies the six the social distancing that modification. We can't fully reopen any of our schools because there just isn't enough space to adhere to six feet representative while berger says he hopes to get more tents to schools to bring more kids back to an outdoor class. My hail any richardson. Hawaii news down new today. Saudi arabia's crown prince approved an operation to kill and capture a us based journalist inside the saudi consulate in istanbul. That's according to a newly declassified. Us intelligence report released today. The report could escalate pressure on the biden administration to hold the kingdom more hannibal for the murder that drew international outrage so the central conclusion of this report was widely expected given that intelligence officials were said to have reached it soon after the brutal october. Two thousand. Eighteen murder of jamal kashogi now. He was a well. Known critic of crown prince mohammad salman consolidation of power the. Us has taken its first known. Military action approved by president biden. It was an overnight airstrike along the iraq syria border. Tina krause has developing details. President biden took no questions about the us military airstrikes. He ordered in syria as he headed to texas this morning. The overnight attack targeted iranian backed militia members in eastern syria near the iraqi border. The pentagon says the strike was a response to recent attacks in iraq that killed a civilian contractor and wounded a us servicemember. Cbs news has learned. The mission was meant as payback for putting americans at risk but also calibrated to not raise tensions with iran and targeted. We after we know what we did. The biden administration says it consulted with coalition partners before launching the strike occurs iraqis to investigate and develop intelligence and that was very helpful to us but in moscow. The russian foreign minister says the us gave them just a few minutes of advance warning. Russia is a close ally of syria and is condemning. The attack tina krause. Cbs news new data shows both the pfizer and dern co vaccines are as safe in the real world as they were in clinical trials out of fifty five million doses administered only a hundred thousand adverse reactions emerged and only six percent were considered serious the cdc keep guidelines recommending people who receive inoculation remain on safe observation for fifteen to thirty minutes. Meanwhile the fda has authorized visor and bio intex vaccines to be stored in conventional pharmaceutical freezers for up to two weeks. Right now the vaccine has to be stored in ultra low temperatures health experts. Hope that change will get more shots to rural communities. The us could soon get a third vaccine option. Fda panel vote today on johnson and johnson alison blur tells us how soon to state could get it if it's approved and johnson and johnson gets emergency use authorization. The first does it. The vaccine could be in hawaii and the next seven to fourteen days because it is a single does it means it's ideal for certain population. Health officials say that can include people who are homebound or those who have a hard time getting around and residents of rural areas far from vaccinations sites. They say it's also a good option for people who are incarcerated the homeless population and for students over the age of sixteen. while the vaccine's efficacy rate stands at seventy two percent lower than pfizer and moderna. it's proven to prevent hospitalizations new shot that defective i would take many students at the university of hawaii. Say they're eager to be immunized. Most of my friends do agree that we should be getting the vaccine as possible under the state's vaccine. Rollout plan right now. We the school's faculty and staff are eligible for the shot. Students fall under face to which isn't expected to start until summer. Health officials say the addition of the johnson and johnson vaccine will allow them to open more sites and expand the ones they already have so they can get shots into our quicker right now facilities are administering up to fifty thousand vaccines a week in the maybe april mates on frame. I think there's a very realistic possibility that we could be doing. A hundred plus thousand shots a week across the state of hawaii alison blaire. Who use now and literally as that story was cnn. Sent out a push alert saying that does. Fda advisors recommended the approval of that johnson and johnson vaccine so giving you the latest up-to-date minute right there we'll post it up for you on the digital platforms. Meanwhile taking it outside still a little bumping around on camera there. Marc look at that beautiful day though is are you with update of how that also important weekend forecast is looking. How's it on this aloha friday. It's gonna be a windy or friday's whether it's a windy weekend. The winds are expected to back down ever so slightly tonight. Didn't come back with the speed by tomorrow. There's also a disturbance moving in from the east and southeast expected to impact the east and windward sides of maui and the big island with more rain starting tonight. A flash flood watch will be posted for the one winward sides of maui and the big the rest of the state and almost won't see a whole lot of rain just a few passing showers so four today. We are expecting lots of leeward sunshine. Uv index indicates that. It's going to be very high. And there's still high surf alerts. Small craft advisories joe warning on for the waters around maui and the big island and that high surf advisory has been extended through the weekend. Even though there's a slight drop on the shores today so we're going to be big choppy into a large extend dangerous. Small swells rolling into northwest and even south shores. So it's gonna be a very very windy stretch over the next several days tuna today winds running fifteen to thirty with some stronger gusts slightly slower but still very gusty over the weekend into next week and again we'll see our fair share of passing showers. Keep it here on way news that we'll have all your severe weather. Updates tiger woods has been transferred to a new los angeles hospital after his accident earlier. This week the golf legend with initially being treated at harbor. Ucla medical center. But the hospital says he's continuing his orthopedic care and recovery at cedar sinai hospital about twenty miles away. The reason for the transfer has not been released but cedar sinai is known for its sports. Rehab center would suffered significant leg injuries. After tuesday's accident we're told he broke bones in more than two pieces in injuries even pierce the skin new at noon. A little girl has wound up in a great deal of trouble after spending more than three thousand dollars grandparents. Amazon account got me ruckus with more on her shopping spree. League rabovsky is awfully smart for a seven year old lena's pretty quiet but evidently very mischievous rightly so she's a leader of the pack so she is the one who always comes up with different ideas. She recently had one of those brilliant ideas while using her grandparents. I pat evidently. Lear got bored with kids. You too distracted to go on the shopping spree on her arizona. Cow grandfather told her she could choose a gift worth twenty dollars. But within about fifteen minutes lia had picked out eighty different items racking up a thirty two hundred dollar bill. The second grader had to admit to her parents what she does semi watches. Lucky hockey's while she bought toys for herself. Leah also got some gifts for her cousins and she ordered to refrigerators for her grandparents on accident in afternoon. Some of the boxes came and then the next day even more boxes came the next day. Even more boxes came. They were able to cancel a few shipments before they arrived. But the rest had to be returned and leah's grandparents are still waiting to get all of their money back. We clearly a very smart girl but did you ever imagine she could take it. This far. no no never not in our wildest dreams you have to start much sooner than seven explaining to children. Money doesn't grow on the tree. As a consequence leah lost her screen time. Privileges leah. did you learn your lesson. A lesson learned the hard way. Naomi welcome. Cbs news new york. At least grandma. Grandpa got a refrigerator or refrigerator. Deal at least you did prime or was it pay for shipping over and over you guys. Just get to some other news. Internet is talking about today. And here's another pandemic things zoom zoom. They're now going to be offering free closed. Captioning starting this fall. I could see some potential troubles Happening there the online meaning platform says account holders who want to try it out before the wide scale released can put in a request to zoom. You know when you have the cat and in court ever seen in all sorts of zoom fails of. What kind of problems could this spring. When they're trying to translate exactly. Of course things will still get lost in translation of sure the transcription will still pick up the very beginning of the zoom. Where it's can you hear me on. Can you till down a bit house my picture. Does this look alright. And it's in the background screen. Exactly there's going to be a lot of fun conversations with it We've heard of disneyland. We've heard of legoland how about land dedicated to pepe pig. Told me about pepo okay. This morning so much about this as twins get older. No house has announced plans for a pepe pig theme park in two thousand twenty two. All centered on the popular tv show on. It's going to be right. Next to legoland florida resort It's going to include rides interactive attractions themed to playscapes and muddy puddles. So when the world gets back to normal in some capacity there's going to be a lot of people that pepe pig land on you and how what's coming your way. We've heard about the the plant based meat craze. Well you can expect it to move into more fast food chains. The company beyond meat says it has signed a deal with mcdonalds which will feature more plan burgers as well as plant based chicken pork and egg products also be teaming up with young brands which operates. Kfc pizza hut and topple. Jonathan love it. I've never had beyond meat products. Yeah and pizza. Hut was offering by beyond pete meat. Pizza we talked about it here on this is now i enjoyed it and they took it away from me. Yeah so how. Would you describe the flavor flavors reading. Yeah you just tastes. The seasoning really The it's all about texture with these fake meat products. But i'd say there is pretty spot on especially when you're talking about things like process sausages and things like that they're easy to imitate and the flavor is that i loved it. I loved it. I really wouldn't drink me if you put the two in front of me you while they'll be more bringing they can you bring it back. They'll be more chances to try it about this story. The tsa often finds some unusual items in screenings this was exceptional and their list of top ten catches of twenty twenty eight dead baby shark in a jar a passenger tried to take it through a syracuse airport now. Apparently traveling with a live fish in water is legal. But the tsa had a problem with the liquid chemical preservatives. That's what they had a problem prize. That's the most shocking. Really thing that tsa found because remember those used to be like taurus items in florida and things like you could get a bb. I've seen i mean it was like an eighty thing and it's totally not pita approved or proof but it used to be thinks. I'm i'm surprised. It's the most shocking thing. It's also very disturbing other notable items. Include a slingshot. A book holding concealed lives and assault rifle marijuana stashed in a shampoo bottle and a hand meets solar panel with explosive potential. All the stories among tsa. Yeah let's get some good news. In a former major league. Baseball player is really rocking. His new talents to fight discrimination. We got donya baucus with more on that most important words today if you ask my johnson about his art career never he'll tell you it was one of life's curve balls. Yes by jesse. He was used to those spending years as a professional baseball player. With teams. Like the los angeles dodgers. In fact baseball helped him discover his love of art. Our manager at the time. Dave roberts was calling all the new guys up to the front and asking them what what they like to do. I play piano. And i was too embarrassed to say that. Because he was making guys do things. They said they'd like to do so. I was like you know. I like to paint because i did a painting class before. And he said okay. You make a painting of maury will the rigor and passion. He displayed on the field. He now applies to the canvas using charcoal to create faces of young black children. His inspiration a conversation with his four year old nephew nephew nationals could be black. I thought it was unique and kind of interesting because here he was gonna watch tv baseball on. Tv right cheating my dream. Yeah he's still felt like there are limitations to extremes. Johnson hopes children see themselves through his art and it helps remove those limits. His work now fills the walls of the art. Angels gallery in west hollywood. I'm sa- conduit and i'm trying to really inspire the next generation and give them other options. He believes art has the power to change an impact lives and his journey shows. The options are endless. Don you back is. cbs news. Los angeles he just barely mentioned it there but what he said is coach was having his team do way back in the day having them tell what their other talent other than baseball was made them do. It sounds a little intimidating but very cool. Coaching koi obviously sparked a whole new thing for him and really some exceptional artwork that we were seeing very very. Yeah maybe it. Make it over here to powwow some day. You guys are gonna do it for. This is now on this aloha friday. We've made it the weekend is here marks going to be back with you on cage at first forests. So he'll see it have a good one. This podcast is brought to you by american savings bank real life real answers do basically talk about what the shelf was used for. Its current with what we do what they doing currently and help the nice so if he if we didn't have code when you join us live or i do it at the fourteenth in mining. How's it going for one minute in as it seems mr john comes on of from from the social here at trouble with his computer. This weird thing for sure is wait. Whoa on more one. More minute seized. Anyone else joins us. Dt head bts has more faster shine. Nearly the main to the has sastre music shined. What is shiny. yes. I as h. i. n. e. a. Follow off. i don't see anyone houses triple with my wife. By after everything. Only data all optic. I j marnie housing gallon round back to moon. Is you're right got a crew. Now we are low on my list. So have healy. He is here seon. She's here in this sake day. Career mr whereas mr we can't be right. Everyone got similar. Em around ready to get going on. Friday already are at. Let's do this was shown for spurs. I should say. Does anyone have any for today. I don't wanna just assume we're doing the same thing. Anyone have any requests now. Okay jill a circle around. He had the head lose anything. Just go ahead and stir at side to side or you've been served with all the way yard leads. Go sure egging those show. There's forward word sure stalled. There is bass arms out like an airplane. Big arm services forward big on circles backwards jeff with zero hand pin to your raked with your left hand. Been your rice big on on your own side to side benz. Let me just as high as we hear and read down in clutch co again. Mr john like you need to move this morning. That's your laura raged or you down when we're done though openness legs and nice in wide leads been the right and the left leg astray feeling that stretch on the inside of that leg hold bears and rotate to the left media leg straits. I don't know what i'm on. Whatever lay you've been then the other one can go back and forth side the side. Stir at the inside of those lay eggs. Put your hands on your head. Sent twist right in left. Let's bring our needs to our chests. lasts and heels to your bottom. He badeah her left or right left breed. Were sitting in that shares. What down and stand up. Find something to hold onto to you and let's legs swing move that lay a leg. Swing opening up that if extra blood flow to that area. Play other legs swing all right. It is time for our morning jog. And guess what is your best. You've got says let's get going clear moving. You there are really fast. Jernigan plays run in place. You god this halfway eight seven. I very to one relax lister bottom today on lead. Sit down let's than our crab position crab our arms and our core of the scene signed flow. You're in your position for three loose forward three muse backwards and if you try to move a little bit side to side so you're moving around your room a little bit. You have room for a crab walk. Forward grab walk backwards. Walked each side however you can. It's a difficult line. I know if you cannot move just all in one sauce for five four. Three two one. Let's take into a reverse holding push up so that means your legs are straight. You're gonna live their bottom off the ground again. So the only thing on the ground are europeans and your heels. You that adds hold it there. Good morning all know. hold it there. You've got it great. Seven six or three to one relax and friday morning. How many cnn view to get started to the time you got the key and do sit ups on the ground you can always just bring your belly fide into your spine legend outs into your spine. Let it out really doing situps. full sit-ups we thought this for eight seven six five four three one relaxed let still add instead it up. It's a jumping session. You can either jump rope. you can do jumping jacks. You can jump side decide however you want to jump. Twenty seconds saying jumped. You've got this. I know you like justin jackson. That jacobs nice. Got jonah from our six five four three two one. Let's go ahead and go in our lunch position. So you're on one knee and one puts hands on your hips the balance. Now put your hands out like an airplane. And let's do upper jumping. Jacks just with their arms silver in our lunch physician but our arms are going up of over head back to airplanes airplane in. Clap above your head airplane in class ebay on. You thought nice job looking good awesome. He'd going for six five four three two one switch legs and let's do collapse in front so starting in your airplane with your arms and reach forwarding clap in front so armee forward. Our airplane for word airplane for word worked as arms. You should be feeling it. We're balancing at the same time. Worry seven six right. Don't pull over three one. Relax on your hands and your knees in your table. Top positions soon. Let's put our right arm out in the air in our left leg out in me is all the bears. You've got sent all there. And so i had ingrain those that knee and elbow under your chest in touch them or get close and sturridge backout tights To back out. You're gonna feel that work in those. Ads is well if you cannot do this. Or don't know until he moved all those limbs out for five four three two one suicides left arm off andrew right leg out all their last sermon. Right-leg romney ties us and go ahead and bring that al voted me under your body and straight out again under and rate out is. He can't do that. Moving of the arm away just all the mountain all the maps five four three two one. Relax take a little break for just like five seconds to bet to break. Ira holding push here. We go to russia. If you'd rather do pushups now's your chance all that's on the ground all your hands and your toes. Everything else is in line in line with your shoulders. Al-busairy parades seven six five four. Three two one relax. Sira lewis stand back. Up are a play a little basketball today. In some sports renault and i did look into a splinter Russell wilson navy leading. Nancy hawk t. I ride started with some basketball. It level that a basketball dribble. Ira bullied on just dribble place. We dribble around keith dribble rise. We left however it works for you. When i said number dribble all around us people leasing more and make a jump up. Didn't need the you. We go far one observer. Dribble into an three and four and nick this kid one six sir. Nice in were running running plays. We got some hurdles to raise four and run rodman road when i say hurdle you are going over. There heard all hurdle all hurdles remorse spurt all heard all. There's one more you guys can do. This ready hurdle roster finish line nice job. let's few sim standing squats touch the ground and stand up. You cannot do squats. This whole the air chair is lurking. Those lay seven six by four. Three one re relax balancing on one foot. One foot is planted on the ground. The other foot is a little bit outside. Yarns are at the side we are bouncy. He begs high focused straight ahead eggs right on the other day by four three two one. Relax fine that wall something no onto you. let's do. Some toe raises are heel raises. Who they've seen the heels off the ground and back down. Steered toes never leaves a grim. Got this heel or tow raises. Whatever you like to follow the off half my soul you've got this or five four three two one relax. Ira inland thread fine. That while again put up hands on the wall this one foot back and stretch the calf muscle cramps lay said there's fat the calf muscle brain that he of to your bottom quads stretch so wait flakes. Take it down to your hands and knees. We're gonna stretch that spawned with a cat cow. Starting with the tell look up to the sky. Drop that delhi and a tat digest our vat. How sunny down at bell hats tend chess darts. Bat sitting on that bottom murray does arms as far forward as you can for childs pose reeves those arms over to the right arm sober laugh arms back in the middle laying on your tommy. Let's take it to a cobra. Direct upper body off the ground. Now we're going to reverse it. Stick bottom is high in the air is you can for a ugly holding push for downward the of side down. V bottom is in the air. Your hands are on the ground. Your feet are on the ground and let's go back down to cobra and one martime up to a ugly holding. Shoppers downward dog if the bottom in the air and take it this sitting on your bottom for butterfly threat if you need more stretch for those knees down with your elbows graying one leg i've in france and reach for the co legs straight out reported and both legs straight out and hands accurate sitting up tall as you can tommy or during means oh been those legs nice and wide hands down the middle and read crisscrossed of lay read with the right arm and been to reject with the left. Armin van around right hand on your left knee. Twist and look. I am so i go adam. Put your hands in front of you in our those fingers in turn love poems out away from you and direct and behind you on the ground finger spacing you shoulders back chest. Open up at this guy to go ahead and right. There were all on back hugging those knees to your chest. Rockall little bit right in math. Jeff the right and the left leg off trade to the ground inroad tate's adding soon rates gray. The left knee ride like down around. Faith that paul green both knees bent that chest but the knees falls to the right and my arms falls to the last very dies completely flat on the ground. How far in usually june bug direct rating every moss loud in nearby bring news. Bacteria says sango ahead in raf back at this sitting physician. Bring your arm across your chest in rotate your wrists. So it said there crowson rode t elbow behind your head for triceps threats so it's size. Eared shoulder irritate shoulder. Let's go back in that lunch. Physician time arms out like an airplane in. Let's do some small circles forward so one knee on the ground one foot on the ground arms out like an airplane a little sore forward so rich late. These are green exercises. If you can't balance just keep your hands on your hips organized. Circle those arms backwards. This time oldham straight out like an airplane and little tiny circle or just have your hands on your heads and go ahead in. Stand all the way back read. They go really big deep breath in hurry to size. Upn let it all go. One martime z. Bread been hurry is you can try it yourself on the back because it is friday. Alright got plans for your weekend. i guess kovin plans are a little different than regular plans but okay like your haircut. Jakup you're looking good. Are you gonna be doing this. I could I dunno. I computer was messed up. I'll be on at eleven thirty and very giga anyways. Courtesy keely job in the school on monday. Laugh you're gonna stay at home. Okay you take be se regardless a camera. Go agenda In it looks like a student has logged in using my link. Is that not or jake. The joined can remembering in his. Okay renaming perfect so W didn't wanna make sure you know the agenda so at nine o'clock we're going to start the kind of walking tour around for vancouver for the section you are just participants as a reminders. That'll be time where you can turn your camera off and gone mute. Chinyere hair looks great in your cameras at a perfect angle. Thank you for your doing a camera chest for us And then you're showtime w students will be at around ten o'clock and you'll be intentional of course prompt you you'll know when it's your turn for the students from mr b's class who are hosting the garden you will stay in this room and you'll be up first at the ten o'clock hour and then jake and henry will stay in this room as well and you'll be after the garden tour. Charles mica jn and tori. You will all need to go. Use that second link at ten o'clock and go to different meeting room in poor rooms. Those four students to you have that second link on. I think so. I need a little mail. I don't yeah. I to general do that same thing. I'll email you the second link and you'll be able to come in as me and just reading. Henry charles do you have your secondly is at bahraini Again yes they do saying here. Jarring his ami here. I'm sorry by actual butter and so i'm not gonna. I'm not gonna pronouncing things. I don't agree on this boat you don't you do not need a secondly cabrera you just stay here the whole time. Please also have your materials. Ou'd most importantly you'll matter a math of the outside of the fort that Breeding credit thirty percent at palmer and then you will also need or Your presentations that started ten. You see those plastic Three the maps the interior nine tories very good Let's see the other thing. I want other while perfect. Yeah the wsb students you will you receive both the print. The three d prints of the inside of the rooms for the your presentation of your classmates presentations. Yeah you have here if you have questions about which is which hold those for just a second but will try and address that in these few minutes we have before we start The last thing that you need to know if you are participating in the research study which is just about all of you at this point of i'm going to be sending you a news zoom link for this afternoon. We're going to meet two o'clock with amy parker and becky from state though. Keep an eye out in your email. After mobility matters is over for newseum linked to join us at two o'clock this afternoon. This is leeann. We've got some housekeeping. We need sophia possible. Can you move your camera down a little singer forehead as via you. D is super little bit looks pretty good and then i have a quick question about my sign language. Interpreters starting can you give me an alphabet name in front of the word interpreter. So i know which person's going i you're both year so we're just in this one but i can put with another one next. Were or i want. Wanna make sure that i always grab the right one When when they're both named the same it gets a little confusing. I will do what would it be on into short that that is just so i know i've got the right one highlighted and then we have a handwriting by charles on. I don't think gut feeling for push. Yeah what's what's the name of that. I'm looking for again. Charles charles looking forward patrols needed and looking looking right now see charles to sustain. You may also want to check your junk mail folder. Syncing of may of yeah complaints. Resetting to charles right now. I just pushed that notification out and just to since we're talking about housekeeping very quickly when we do go into the other breakout room in my right to assume. There'll be two interpreters in there that i will need to be able to distinguish between the two of them to know or my misunderstanding details. I believe that the recount room interpreters have separate promote so your has booth there just pinned to spotlight uber spotlight too. I just need to make sure don't want to screw up okay. Spotlight two of them eighty. Okay great an aiming your to the view up top alex the button and what. I've turned on his side by side gallery. That'll help keep them pinned to see it. Yes they you. That's a great help you Joke meal and i didn't receive it. Charles anybody is good sent. It didn't get the same arid in It did go through. I can send us at charles. He might so let let me confirm. I have charles. C. h. a. r. l. e. s. dot j. o. h. n. s. o. n. at s t u. dot w. s. s. e. as a dot w. a. dot g-o-v that accurate. I'm ray sundays again. This tori by the way. I make sure to let family number. Who's here watching me in my younger siblings. Nell them to be doing this. Hopefully my own recipients won't be bothering me. We are coincidence in. It's best to put your mic on mute. If you're not started. I got your email awesome. Amy i am looking for you address. Spotlight up and i think it's an okay time at the beginning point. People who aren't speaking could go off camera if that's easier for you to do and of course stay on mute. That will just help everyone here. Okay are we Leeann when you're ready to start. We have a minute left to open the room with as many people. I'd love to open the room now. If you don't mind let's go ahead and open it okay. We're gonna start here. We go amy. You're talking right okay. Hello they morning. Welcome everyone we are. Just gonna allow a few minutes for everyone to get into the room. We're pleased that you are here so as you enter the room. What we have a that is playing right now. Our thanks to our sponsors so there are some slides that are rotating as you get settled in and we'd like to give a special thank you to of course historic fort vancouver which is a part of the national parks system. Very thrilled to be partnering with them. Today i'm amy parker voices you're hearing now and i have partnered very closely with becky morton who is a graduate student in orientation and mobility and to become a teacher of students with visual impairments at portland state. Dr holly lawson is also a partner here at portland state university. We've played different roles in helping. Put this event together. And we're very pleased to also partner with the washington state school for the blind. We have special guest teachers who are presenting today leading their classes for you today. Mr jeff oler at mr steve lowery and they will be leading a sa- parts of the program with their classes in Just a little. While though everyone i just wanted to go ahead and start if that's okay. I know we have two hundred and twenty two in the room and more people are filing in as they can. We have over four hundred students today with visual impairments who are participating from across the country all the way from hawaii in the west even into the united kingdom. So we're very pleased that that many students could come from all over. They're all different ages in different schools across the country. We also have two hundred and seventy adults who are coming into the room. Those include teachers teachers have students with visual impairments. Orientational mobility specialist. That also includes parents and other professionals. So i just wanted to talk to you a little bit about what you can expect today the first thing this morning we're gonna be hearing from our partners at the national park service tracy. Portman is the superintendent. There she had meghan will welcome you to the park at give you a little bit of an orientation. Megan will also partner. With mr steve lowery from the washington state school for the blind as you take a walking tour of the fort itself. Now as you do that you should be using if you Registered before february. I hopefully you have received a tactile map in the mail. You may have are also received some different artifacts from fort. I just wanted to tell you that. Not everyone received the same things so that may surprise you. Some of you may have different items in your kits that you've recede and how that happened is Our team at portland state university. Becky in hollywood i with the support of the american printing house for the blind. You'll hear from leeann a moment who works at leeds at the american printing house for the blind as the national director of outreach. There she will be speaking to you. In just a moment We purchased through the generosity of age several items from the gift shop at fort vancouver and through that those purchases we were able to send out different items to different students based on their interest and based Our ability just descend different items so you may have a bonnet. you may have a different types of artifacts. She may have a bead kit. You may have a top launcher. A very few number of people received a stuffed beaver. We'll be talking to you about those artifacts the other things that you may have received Especially for those who rely on real. We were able to work together to create three d prints of the floor plans of four specific areas of the park that we will be truly today. Now stand that for the sake of time to of you you will only be going into one room or the other room and after we go through the main tour of park the half of the group will stay in this very zoom room and will be touring the garden and the bake shop in the other room. You will the other. Half of the groom will be touring touring. Excuse me the blacksmith shop and the for room and you will be led by different leaders from the park in from the washington state school for the blind classes on your tours learning about those rooms and hopefully have a little fun And play some games when you come back. It will be just a around eleven o'clock pacific time and for that last period of time you will be hearing from the national park staff in talking to you about their jobs so being the biggest tour thing that you can have today even if you don't have tactile map or if you don't have a floor plan you can access our website that will allow you to print some of those materials later but even if you don't have those things the greatest thing that you can bring with you today is your imagination. So i'm hoping that you relax. Enjoy follow among ask questions chat odd At bring your curiosity try to imagine yourself back in the eighteen forties. What would your life look like. What would things feel like and smell like would you be doing during the day. Where would you maybe be going to school or would you be going to a home school. Would you be working at a garden. Would you be helping your family with of different tasks and also what excited about with our partnership with the national park and with fort vancouver is that we are going to be talking about jobs. That may interesting in the future as you think about what. She wants to study what she wants to do with your lives. So bring your curiosity with so a special thanks. again to our sponsors is on the slide. Washington state's will for the blind. The american printing house for the blind the digital cities testbed center. Thank you so much for sponsor in this Mobility matters our forth mobility matters. We know that this has been tough two years and that many of you have had to learn remotely and that we miss being with our friends so today we wanted to bring you all together at least to have a virtual field trip to a very special place so let me turn it over. Now to leah grio. Who is the national director of outreach. At the american printing house for the blind to his co. hosting this event with us today a low. This is lee an welcome good morning. Good afternoon good evening depending on where you are located today i want to make sure that you know if zoom is not familiar to you what you can do if you are an attendee you cannot turn on your microphone and you cannot see. Turn on your camera. We can't see you and we can't hear you. I making sure that my interpreter is added my view change that hold on. I want to make sure that my interpreters added should be added. You should be. I'm amy. I'm gonna let you work on that i again. I like to say thank you one of the things we do want to know and to allow the people who are with us presenting to know is kind of what you think. Your job title is now some of you. Your job title is student. And that's just fine. Some of you have more choices if you cannot access the poll. It is okay. What i'd like you to do is just type it in the chat. What is your job title. Are you a teacher of students official impairments or are you a science teacher. Are you an adult. Who's come to join us or other. I am expecting a lot of other. And then where are you from. I can't put every location here. So what i did is a broke. The united states up a little bit and gave some spots for some of our people who are in other places and then how did you hear about mobility matters. What brought you here was at. Ap h was at portland state. Was it social media. What did that for you so a little. Bit of housekeeping type. Any questions use the check. Change your to to all panelists and attendees that way. Everyone can see what people are writing. I could understand if they're question already was asked are so happy to have you with us today because polls can be challenging for people who use screen leaders. I'm going to end it now. It's okay if you could not answer it. No problem going to share out that thirty four percent our teachers or students with visual impairments. Thirty three percent tation mobility instructors and believe it or not. Some of those are both and we have twenty nine percent students in k twelve system. Awesome ten percent students in college program where you are from our biggest group. No surprise to me is the northwest united states at forty percent. We are so glad you can join us. We will work on getting those other individuals to join us. And then how did you hear about it. It's kind of a mix and that is great. Stop sharing those results and amy. I will say one time the opening code. This is something special for teachers who might be here. The opening code is ranger. If that doesn't mean anything to you. When i say an opening code for ac r. e. p. credit don't worry that's only for some certain teachers out there again. The opening code is ranger. Amy take it away. This is amy pirker speaking. Thank you so much leeann. We also want to encourage people today if you did receive your tactile learning kit or even if you're just at home participating we would love to have pictures of you with the permission of your parents or teachers teachers. We'd love to have permission of pictures of youtube participating. What becky is going to do. Becky morton post it to the chad a permission form for you to share pictures with us. What will we do with those pictures. We would just simply with your permission. Post them on social media and use them to tell the story of mobility matters. We're very interested in how accessible this learning conference may be so we would very much like your opinion about that at universities. We sometimes study. What makes learning effective. That's part of our job. So dr holly lawson who i mentioned to you is also interested in if you received those tactile floor plans of those three d. printed of tools host to access the learning if you received a printed map which was created to d printed map that was created by on steve lowery. I'm holding up line in my camera view right now if you receive some other materials such as seeds or a straw even from a ph some of you have been asking me. What is that thing. That i received that looks like a little cylinder. Is it a flashlight. Well some of our students who will be leading event today figured out what it was. It's a portable straw. And it's one of the gifts from a phd today so that you can have strong with you no matter where you travel so you could figure out how that straw works a little later so some of you are telling me also that she may not have received materials in time. Please don't worry. We know that there were several weather delays in the united states. Because of poor weather so please just stay with us. We do have a materials up on our website. Hopefully you will receive those packets in the mail if you didn't already but again even if you never received a packet you should use your imagination. Stay because we're going to be taking you through a walk-through through i'd like to check the time very quickly. It is time for me to turn this over to the superintendent or fort vancouver tracy fortman. Who is going to welcome you to the fort and show some slides and describe those slides to you as she walks you through this wonderful place in the pacific northwest. A national treasure tracy. Thanks to you and your team for partnering with us at mobility matters in kiev. Thank you amy in the end. So welcome hello. Everyone surtees to virtually local wall to fort into ashville historic site. Amos tracy for men and i had the honor of being the superintendent of this national park looking out my window. The sun just burst or which is a little unusual for the pacific northwest. So i'm hoping we're gonna have a sunny day. And i hope the way this wherever you all are four thank you. Ver- is such a special place and it played important role in the history of the north west tonight states. I can't wait for you to learn about all that he had to offer so that you can learn about your urban national park burbank. Huber national historic site includes locations in both oregon and washington. But today we will be focusing on fourth. Thank you for itself. Which is a reconstruction of british for trade fort located in what is now going to washington here. We haven't image of the states of washington and oregon thank people maps. There is a red dot pointing to the location of fort located in southwest washington. Just north of the columbia river at a cost them or oregon as the federal his slide sheriffs or Is located in open field with trees and orchards nearby. There are many trails that connect the fort to other sites and attractions like the constructed employees village. The columbia river waterfront in our visitor center as well as pearson air museum. Two hundred years ago. This field was the site of a huge prairie covered in blue purple. Famas flowers. I bet it was beautiful. The roots of the kansas plant are edible so that into meet for thousands of years. Native people gabby chemistry in hunted on this prairie view from inside for into her in the foreground are cannon said are placed in front of the force chief chief factors house. Chief factor was in charge of the fort these canons of those that turner in eighteen hundreds in the background. You can see the blacksmith shop in indian trade shop and a palisade of very high wooden wall that surrounds the fort in eighteen. Twenty four aford of british for trading post called the hudson's bay company built four. Thanks uber to serve as a headquarters. For a network of forts they built throughout the entire. Northwest these forts were located in. What is now washington for hint. Idaho british columbia and parts of montana. California and alaska fort vancouver. Was the headquarters. For all these forts in this huge region. I these forts were sent to fort in cuba to be package from shipment to england supplies for england were for first to fourth. Thanks uber Stupid to the other side. Since bait company force was about seventeen thousand miles by sailing ship to go to and from for many people read in worked here in the eighteen. Hundreds many were native americans from over thirty different wives others. Who lived here. Where french canadian hawaiian english and scottish many people who lived here were not which means that they were both native. American in an up eurropean ancestry. Only some of these people lived inside the fort. Fort gentlemen class of hudson's bay company officers and their families lived in chief actors house or the bachelor's voters inside the fort's stockade walls. As i mentioned a little bit earlier chief faster was was the leader of the fort workers in their families. Loop in one or two oems probably cavity. What we call them today. In the village located to the west of the fort. These forts blacksmiths bakers vers farmers and laborers. Lisa's wear the family's ah lack lead their lives. They feasted worshipped a spent time growing. Having children was a wonderful place. In the village this slide has a painting showing the different kinds of people who would have lived and worked at for innkeeper. They are excited. I worked with men women and children. Summer wear european style. Dresses in suits with uber. Felt top hat sermon clothing. That reflects the fashions of a for trade like linke's colorful bags and accessories rankings. In the background we can see some royal navy sailors sailors uniforms. This side has if you're a forfeiting tuber as it appeared in eighteen fifty four and a background there is the mighty columbia river and also you can test fairly see speaking out 'bout good the ford itself is surrounded by its large garden and orchards. In the foreground. Are the small vince. I mentioned of the employees village and carts full find forces along dirt roads. You can also see some people. Walking on this dirt paths in the eighteen forties. The british and americans are over. Who will take control of the pacific northwest in eighteen. Forty six the border between the united states and canada was settled and this became americans to avoid native people who were crossing organ trail by the hundreds forced and in later by the thousands resulted in forcing the native people to move to reservations. Many these oregon trail settlers stopped or an keeper to purchase seeds and supplies to start the farms. The hudson's bay company finally abandoned orphan kluber in the eighteen sixties and this area became part of the united states army's in barris since the nineteen forties or vancouver has been here four by the national park service. The national park service is a government agency that cares for over. Four hundred special places said the night united states like the ever everglades yellowstone yosemite the monuments in washington. Dc are just some of the view of our national treasures. Today you're by to take works tour of fourteen using the tactile maps and you will have the opportunity to learn more about specific buildings at prices at flipping. The photo arms sly shows four vancouver at sunset during one of our special events at the mrs campfires candlelight. In this photo we can see many different kinds of families walking along the pair settling to the buildings inside the fort. I am so grateful to portland. State university's visually impaired learning on Ability of the washington state school for the blind the american printing house for the belie and portland states universities digital cities testbed center for organizing the spirit. Important cloak land today and a canadian. Wonderful opportunity. allu- aw experiments or into from a distance. I hope you find our time together today. Interesting and perhaps most important for so with that like to have megan st. Take it away. let's get started. thank you everyone. Hello everyone and thank you again for joining us today. If you received a tactile learning kit for today's program please take out your tactile map. This is an eight and a half by eleven inch piece of paper with raised aligns in either braille or print depending on your home with your tactile map in hand please oriented the page so that the key with the four symbols and text is in the upper left corner the four tactile symbols. You will encounter on this map. Include at thick line representing the palisade or exterior wall of the fort. A hashed or dotted line representing the walking pads. Solid rectangular shapes representing buildings in thin raised outlines the rectangles with light texture representing the garden outside of fort in building footprints. Inside of the fort. We will start our walking tour on the hash. Line walkway at the north. End of your map or the top of the page as you follow. This hashed line down toward the exterior wall of the fort. You will pass the garden to the east which is to the right of the pathway. Hey this is megan. Good morning everyone. As we do our walks in fort vancouver today we will also hear sounds that remind us of each of the spaces that we walk through. We are now walking past the guard. And on our way into or being cooper there are flowers blooming plants growing birds and bees buzzing and volunteers wearing blue shirts working in the eighteen hundreds. This garden was much larger than it is now and provided food for the people who lived inside the court nick. Slide should is an image of our tocqueville map. These continue to follow the path down as it crosses the exterior wall. Enter for vancouver. Find the first building on the left as an aside. You are visiting the park in person you would be walking south down. The path at the contact station would be to. You're right however we are looking at this map facing north so i will be using left directions from that perspective here. Now passing the context station. This is a small one story. Wood frame building with a porch inside. Visitors can pay entrance fees resent their annual. National park passes and get information from national park ranger next. We will head to achieve factors house which is directly across the pathway from the contact station to get to the front entrance. Continue down the pathway from the entrance to the park when you find an intersecting pathway turn right and head east then. Entered the south side of the building as we approached the chief backers house we would hear some nineteenth century use it. We are now at the chief. Factors has eight lead to story white building with a large aranda two cannons. Sit in front of this large home to enter. We will go up one of two carbs air cases as we crossed the to the front door. We will see and smell great binds that grow across the front of this bill ling in the spring and summer inside a chief actors house. There is a central mess fall. Where the officers of the hudson's bay company will eat at a long table. Set or sixteen house has two wings each with a parlor in bedrooms here. T- factor and chief trader. The with their families has also has an office and a separate dining room for women for trade posts in the nineteenth century. The wives and children of the hudson's bay company years eat separately next. We will head to the kitchen. Which is a building attached to the chief factors house just to the north or above it on the map to enter the kitchen. We will continue east along path in front of the chief. Doctors house turn left at the next intersecting. Pathway and head north kitchen will be on your left and in the kitchen. We won't hear the crackling of a fire. Inside a large are kissing is of wooden building with a small porch just inside the palisades ball inside. There is a large part of their said. Perfect game a cold storage. The entry with food of dishes and other servants supplies a scullery. Where dishes were washed with water nearby. Well an interior hallway connects the kitchen with the chief actors house. Missile from the kitchen we will walk directly east or to the right use any available pathway to arrive at the building that is attached to the exterior wall or palisade of the fort. We are looking for a building near the northeast or top. Right corner of the fort and in the house will hear baker's sliding seabiscuit until lord ovens house is painted. Wait it almost looks as if it is coming through. The fort's wouldn't salk aid wall. The stockade stops on either side of the big house because the bake house has two enormous ovens for baking. The ovens were placed outside the fort walls to prevent a fire there from consuming the entire after leaving. The big house used the first intersecting pathway that head south and moved down your map. The blacksmith shop is the building closest to the southeast or bottom rate corner of the fort to enter. The blacksmith shop followed the path that wraps around the right side of the building on the east as the enter blast shop. We will hear the black spitz at work. He the southeast corner of before become the blackface sharp outside tells us if the building is open or closed if it is open a volunteer. Blacksmith is inside demonstrating nineteenth century. Blacksmith's skills inside the blacksmith shop. What carefully on earth and floor doing area full of tools. And metal items the blacksmiths of made at either end of the building is a forged where volunteer blacksmiths were. Leaving the blacksmith shop. We will head west or left along the pathway until we find the next building. Right next door to the blacksmith shop. This building is also along the southern wall of the fort. The indian trade shop in hospital are located in the same building near the bottom center. Now we will step inside the indian trade shop in hospital. This long wooden building is split into two halves on the inside two doors in front of the building. The to these two halves on the eastern side of the building. We find it the residence of the forks doctor and his family the hospital with many beds for patients and a surgery room here the residents of before the people who live there received medical care on the western side of the building. We enter a trade room before doctor also managed to this trade shop. The walls are lying with shelves full of blankets dishes. S kits and other items that could be traded refers to pause for just a moment on our tour here. I've noticed a couple of questions in the chat pop up and to clarify or folks the visuals that are being shown on our slides alternate between a picture of the tactile map which shows that the basically the outside of the fort kind of a bird's eye view and then every other picture is a photo of the overriding that we're mench so we'll be and our next stop on. This tour is the first store. Which is the next building to the west or to the left of the indian trade shop and hospital rates. Let's go into the first or and when we close the door behind us. This building is dimly lit by a few lanterns that hanging from the ceiling. This earth store is an enormous bomb wedding. Two story building with three sets of large double doors at the front. We've entered through the first store and we'll find ourselves in a replica of a warehouse. This is where. I would have been processed or shipment to england. There are many in piles and wound from the ceiling and in a large for press to date is reconstructed building also houses. The national parts collections storage facility and archaeology lab. Next going to head from the south side. Which is the bottom of your mouth to the northwest corner of the fort us label pathway to make your way to a circular shaped touching the top left corner of the fort as we approached the best and we will hear the loud boom. Now we are entering the bastion tower. The northwest corner before it into the stocky wall at the top of the best friend is a metal weathervane. With a beaver design we will climb up several flights of stairs to room at the top with several cannons and windows overlooking to fort and columbia river a bastion me cannons were used to ceremonially welcome incoming ships rather than for defense right as we exit the bastion. Please follow the path leaving the bastion as it bends to the east to. You're right the first building you encounter on the north or above the pathway is the carpenter shop inside the carpenter shop Hear the sounds of carpenters sawing. Wood fail become to this to one story. Wooden building the herbandez shop inside our tables and shelves full of woodworking tools. Here the carpenters at the fort made furniture arm tools heart and building fixtures or next stop is to the east or to the right and slightly south of the carpenter shop use the pathway. That heads down or south and to the right until you find two buildings whose corners touch each other the larger of these buildings the bottom less building the counting house as we approach the counting house. We will hear music. That reminds us of the fact that this building served as a place for word and sometimes for entertainment Counting house is a square building painted. White over its front. Door is the official seal the hudson's bay company which are house to dear holding a crest everts on it and the motto pro page. Utm which is latin or appelt or a skin when we walk inside. We find a large room with walls. Painted a brilliant balloon. This room has several tall bests with slanted. Tops with affords clerks kept track of all the imports and exports managed by this for trade post. A huge iron safe in this room. Held the forts money. Valuables at the back of this room is a whole that. The smaller room with museum exhibits about archaeology and a bedroom. That replicates the room used royal navy captain bailey on his periodic visits to port captain. Bailey would sometimes hosts small parties when he hit in the counting house leaving the counting house. You will get off of the hash flying walkways and head around the right side of the building to this building. That touches the northeast or top. Right quarter this is the jail and as we enter the jail by the sounds of the chains used to straighten prisoners county house. Just to the east northeast of it is the jail. This is a small square wooden building. The door has a tiny barred window in it but unlike the other buildings before there are no other windows. The insight is almost empty except for events and here. Those who broke the rules of the husband's company were punished. This concludes our walking tour of been cooper from jail. You could head south to get back to. The walking path turned east or two year right and continue to the first intersecting. Southway turn north or to the left to find the main entrance to the park where we began. Think meghan are we having a trivia game. Yeah this is this. Is amy speaking. Thank you so much. Mr lowery. Miss meghan huff. Thank you very much for the walking tour. We do appreciate that. There are people with many different accents. Needs on the line who were sometimes following along with their fingers following along with their ears or following along with their is as we took the tour around the site. I love that superintendent. Tracy fortman also mentioned that as you go into these places. There are strong snows. Some of you love the sound of the canton at eight year old. Who was saying. Wow i really loved bet. Sound and tracy was mentioning. How people love to go up into the bastion which housed the cannon that The ceremonial cannon set were launched during during times of making announcements that ships. Were coming in or going out on behalf of the company so now we are going to have a trivia game and leeann is going to read the trivia questions allowed. They will appear on a sny eight and then you will have a chance to answer those questions to vote on those using the polling feature. So let's see how well you do at. She will also describe what what how people answered the questions. So be sure you could participate in some some said They love monty. Loved birds in the fire. Sounds those were very cool. Sounds okay leeann. Are we ready for the year. Ready to go to the next slide. Alright so megan. Let's go to the next side. Okay listen to this sound clip from curator megan's tour of fort vancouver. What item makes the sound. Let me give your choices. So you can hear it. Is it a blacksmiths anvil. That's a be a carpenter's saw see the ceremonial cannon or d. The cash register at the context station. Okay you can put a letter or a word in the chat or you can use the poll. Was it a blacksmith's anvil a be a carpenter. Saw see the ceremonial cannon or d. A cash register at the context station. Oh i see lots of answers also coming into the chat. I'm seeing lots of saw or the letter b. Let's look at what our poll says. It's okay if you couldn't get to even in the poll. Almost everyone said a carpenter saw were they right. Megan very entry. Tracy also mentioned this. Is amy speaking. What kind of smell would you have smelled in the carpenters room in the carpenter station would have definitely been this mode. Sawdust matzah dustin would raise which might have everyone earthy smell. Some are saying right. It might have been a sweet. Woody smell in the carpenter's station. Great all right next question. Okay question number to listen to the sound together from curator megan's tour of fort vancouver. What area of the fort is this sound associated with. Is it a the garden. Be the bake house. See the jail or d. e. the blacksmiths shop. We've got lots coming in lots of a garden in the chat. Let's see if they're the same as what's coming in the poll in the end it and share. Wow ninety three percents said the garden how they do most okay. We're getting ready for question number. Three in the tour there were some words used that we don't hear as off it and modern types. What do you think the word scullery meets. Where is the scullery at fort vancouver. Want to choose the most correct answer. A a scullery is a garden. Shed that we would find guarded. Be a scullery a cash register that we would find the fort's counting house see a scullery as a place for washing dishes. That would be found in the fort's kitchen d a scullery as a place that holds the ceremonial cannon Couple different choices coming in the chat. Still him a couple of different choices still in the chat. I'm going to end the poll. We'll see what the says because the chat was kind of all over the place so in the poll. It looks like see was chosen. The quite a few chose d. c. Was the washing dishes in the big house and d. was the place that holds the ceremonial cannon. And that's about what i was seeing in the chat. What's the right answer already answer. Is that the speller is a place for washing dishes in the kitchen and we will say that when i was young probably about twelve or thirteen i volunteered at an event f. Main tuber is before. I worked there and i was in the kitchen in the scullery washing dishes at it was very hard it made me appreciate dishwashers hard. Work to wash dishes. I said this is absolutely right. Amy speaking here. You've heard the term may be when you read about a scullery maid will now you'll know what a scullery maid is. Usually a woman worked in the kitchen washing dishes and that was a big task. Thanks for sharing that here. Either meghan okay. A question for other word. That curator making used was bastion. What is a bastion is a the chief. Factors house was also called the best. Be a three story. -tary or signaling tower see a small jail used to detain rule breakers criminals or d a one or two room. Where these of the hudson's bay company lived lots of answers coming into chat variety of though starting to see more pe- in the chat aboard the poll a few more minutes seconds. Okay let's end it and share. Most people picked be a three storey military tower. Correct that is correct. And after a number at some words a bastion might used for military purposes for being cooper was not a military ford so For being couvert the was mostly used for welcoming other ships and signaling signaling tower part about question five okay. Finally a another word you heard. Today is the word palisade based on the tour of the four. You just listen to. What does the word palisade me. A a a place. Where maritime travelers purchase seabiscuit be a three storey military tower see a small jail used to detain rule breakers and criminals d offense of wooden stakes tree trunks fixed in the ground forming an enclosure or defense. Palisade got a few choices in the chat. Okay come in now and the pole. It looks like most of you said d. out wooden stakes or tree trunks. Extend the ground forming an enclosure or fats where they write that is spreads and it's a little bit tricky as you may have also heard me say stockade wall And you may hear our books from the national parks a policy aid or soccer. He'd while but it means the same thing that that fence that goes all the way around the fourth. Well done everybody. This is amy. Thank you so much for playing that fantastic trivia game for listening to the sounds. Thank you for adding the sounds curator meghan to imported tour. We did have some feedback that for some people who don't have their maps with them that some times following along on the map was challenging. We have maybe just one minute or two minutes for a couple of questions. I will kick us off with One quick question and it relates to the orientation using the math the bastion that the military or ceremonial tower where the cannon was curator megan. What shape is that. Is that a hexagon shape. Or is it an octagon. I couldn't figure out that it's that that high part of the tower that's very distinctive on the ford. It has a really interesting shape and position. Can you talk about the shape of the bastion. It does have a you that. I'm not sure this a hexagon an arctic. What if my Other national park folks by added in the chat the answer to that question but it is not perfectly balanced it has It does have sites to it. It looks this is a good looks kind of like a hexagon to me. So we have some questions coming in to. The chat at somewhat is answering. It is an octagon and on top. There's a square on the bottom. This is wonderful okay. So we're going to read. The questions allowed a question from a third grader. Is how big are. The canons am also gonna feel prevent up to my staff as well. I'm not a candidate for and while they answer that i did see that There was a question about the fence was original that house sater's talking while and that is It is not a provisional. The fort was rebuilt. It was burned down in eighteen sixties. After the hudson's bay company had last when this became part of the united states the british hudson's bay company with canada and the four was abandoned at this area became part of barrett's and eventually the was burned down. And it was rebuilt in the nineteen sixties and seventies but it was rebuilt archaeological footprint of the original fort. So where do you see fort. Benning uber today is a building. Footprint is yes so where you know. You're in your house. Where your house is that sort of the footprint of the house. When they did the archaeological excavations of the fort they were able to find out where where all the buildings were where the palace wall was and they reconstructed it just was and see that bob cromwell who is One of our archaeologists commented are in the chat about the the cannon size. So i can can read that best. He says the barrels are about five feet long and the carriages are bad the carriages. What the canons sits on. So the barrel is the metal part of the canon. That's about five feet long. Some of you might be about five feet tall so you can imagine and the carriages are the wooden things that the metal cannon sits on and the carriages are about three feet by four feet at about two feet tall. So they're they're pretty big all right and that's all the questions we have for this time. We're about to go into a break but before we do that. Thank you again curator. Meghan and mr lowery. For your time we will be breaking out into different where you can ask more questions about the candidates. About the work of blacksmiths. You may be on that petition. Specific tour. i did want to tell you that we're going to have a ten minute break now because everyone needs a short break before we come back together. Half of you will be staying in this room in this particular zoom room. We will be talking about the garden and the bay house. You will be taking a tour of the garden. And the bake house and the staff from fort vancouver as well as jeff. Older at mr lowery's classes from the washington state's hole for the plied will be leading you through that tour so if you can follow along if you need the specific room for the blacksmith and the firm that is in a different zoom link and that has been put into the pod you can find it there. You should also be able to find it in your email. Some of you will not be going into that room. You will stay in the garden and bake shop area for that tour but for those. That are going into the blacksmith for room lease. Go shoe that link we will now take a ten minute break. What i'm going to do on my screen show you quickly our desk. So i am actually. Our our mobility matters website. We have gotten through our opening and welcome. We have taken artur with mr lowery ensure eater begging you have played your game. We are now on a ten minute break and then we will come back together either in this room or in the other link or the tours of the historic guarded and bake house blacksmith shop at first or where we will have a tours. Interactions with with the curator's opportunities to ask more questions and to explored using your maps. Okay for those of you that did not receive maps or artifacts. In time we did want to draw everyone's attention. There is a resources tab on our website which allows you to download the files should print on swell paper or on embossing the tactile maps to print the three d. printed floor plants but there are some other cool sounds on this site. Midi view enjoyed the sounds there. The described videos audio described brochure. There are sounds of cannons and sounds of birds many things to explore and some information about sowing or planting the seeds that you received so. Please don't think that you only have the opportunity to to this time to tour the site you can also continued touring with your parents teachers after this special virtual event all right we are now on break in. I will see you at ten ten back in this room or in the other room. For the blacksmith ad firm room to okay ten minute break starting now and amy. I of pause the recording. Because we do not make recorded ten minute break The person who wrote to me saying that they have an attendee who cannot find their link. I can't push that. I can only push it to panelists. So they're going to have to lean on a friend or or grab aamir megan to send that to the person. I can't do those a student of some sort. And i am going to take my bathroom break and i'll be right back. Thank you the interpreter sir on on break now. Also thank you attributing team still question. Go ahead charles. Police find that we are not backstage right now and all the attendees from ability matters will be listening in as well okay. Do i leave the meeting. I'm confused about that. Wwl presenters charles. Mica shinly and tori will all be this zoom link and go to your other presenters from any campbell forward the next hour. Okay indication charles. Okay i am back here. Hi sophia this is leeann aid I wanted to a if you heard any background noise. Robust students on. I think that was me. If so i probably buick you which is something i can do if i'm thinking there's background noise coming but otherwise i don't think we heard much during the break recently. Oh that i don't know. I went and use the restroom. Gonna answer few questions in the chat now janet. How do you know what you're to go to your individual who received a paper work or Or or above gift box type thing. Then your your math will tell you. If you're the for room or the blacksmith room you're going to the other room. Check your email from becky thank you. That is helpful if you are a wsb student. If you received an email from amy campbell you need to use that to go to the other room. Hey sophia you can you now. You know how okay. Go ahead and mute for now until we get going and catch anyone who seven problems so martha if you are not sure. Did you have a teacher register you. If you're not sure what true you are. Welcome to stay in this room. That is okay. This is amy. That's exactly right. If you're not sure or you can't find the email you can just stay in. this room. Is room will be touring the garden and the bake house and then everyone will come back into this main room for the ending program which will be talking about career at national parks can. Yes amy any. Attendee is muted and has their video off it does not have the ability to turn them on. Only the panelists. Do only the presenters. Do some of our presenters are students. So sometimes it'll get a little confusing. Fewer inherited provide closed captioning. We should have switched People so i'm looking for you to give you that control. Hello again everyone. I am looking for our close caption provider. If you are the closed caption provider. Please either type something in the chat. Arrays your digital hand holly. Will i be turning this over to you to amy. This is amy hoping supporting with the the garden in bay counts. Take an leeann. I did share with you the The script that the students will be using. I believe that adam. Amin said nobody here in this room. Supporting the students from wsb. As well as elaine from the national park center so out of you have the script with students and can help with prompting while. I do the slides. Do i'll be showing the slides. Okay perfect great. We'll come started to get hold on. I was going to start your recorded against a hold on great. This is amy parker speaking from portland state university. Welcome back and we are in the garden tour room as well as the tour of the bake house. This is what the next portion of the agenda is. If you are wanting to be in the first firm room a blacksmith. Please look at the chat pod. Several people have posted that zoom link. If you're wanting to be on that portion of the tour as laura said in the chaffetz she receives some tea and she had some people receive seats if you receive tea or seeds or things like that those are artifacts that go with the garden room and a bake house so you are in the right space in your welcome if you couldn't get over to the other room. You're still in for a treat. I will turn this over to mr lau. I'm sorry mr bowlers class. Who will be presenting the guarded. Get the slides up at. Adam will be supporting the team. Who is is reading for this portion. Thank you whenever. You're ready mr bowler whenever your team is ready you in okay. I start now. Please turn on your camera. Hello everyone welcome to the demonstration garden at fort vancouver. My name is sophia. And today. Brigitte you and i will be reviewing the fort vancouver gardens we are all in the horticulture class at the washington state school for the blind and are here. We're the lane dorset from the national park service to start. We are going to show you a short video. Introducing the garden at fort vancouver. The video is audio described. If you have any questions about the video or anything else cover today please. Type them in the chat exploit scanned by warriors. What you've gone so we have that check box a when you share screen check or i'm sorry this is aiming i won't be the video just one moment enticed by the signature fragrances ties us heritage gov is of the that were originally grow in fort. Acne eighteen hundreds deserves decisional tips and saving and often exchanging pengzi's gye a strategically ponti a companions to vegetables to pollinators while dissuaded. Down as you get closer to the south. Jeff is the sound working. Yes okay thank you go off trysts as over the off and serves as support to a total of hawks stint. Rubber continuing southward. Another off trust. I spent most of wonderfully fragrant roses. The careful purposeful design of the is still down sensation similar to the original dogs and is unveiling record. The days when the fourth gardens sustained people well beyond the house eagles of settlement of eighteen hundreds forward video games with god motiur nazi funk discussing today's heritage gone with of the forks north one of birds google posts and in front of his of lots of flowers in bloom changes to images of heritage garden festival down rendering of what historic vote like with a expanse Which is a rose garden area so valuable volunteer garden carrying a basket. Down the main off on sums day before the background garden. Today is a half acre garden. And it's located in the wrong spot where the garden was was on the other side of the roadway which is one hundred percent accurate. The garden in the eighteen forties was approximately seven to eight acres and it ran all the way out to the orchard. Today's garden is over. Half an acre is designed to the same principles that the garden was. The past aren't nearly as wide because the past in the original garden were wide enough to have reawakened down with With water water the garden are password scarred and represents exactly what they did and grew in a garden in the eighteen. Forty s those. He takes from basket according to call that a large data if you hold sees as we also see a colored sketch of root servers in the eighteen hundreds when she tells us about tobacco. There's an image of a green tobacco leaf that we see in between stacked bales of beaver. Pelts so what also here for you that we recently dug up. Where's the potatoes and corn. Which is coming on right. Now and the potatoes. We'll be kept in the root cellars. They got here they even have. One root cellar was held a potato cellar that they would store the potatoes. In throughout the winter months was located alongside the roadway here and corn. We often think of nice fresh ears of corn. They would have the freshman ward but they would also do parched corn or roasted corn or dried corn. Which would then be milled and use for all types of porridge of corn bread. And just a meal that they would have to put into their to make cakes or things like that with another couple of interesting things that we grow in the guard and is an echo xiang or tobacco document. Golfing did grow it here. It was well known that they would dry. The tobacco leaves and put him in between the bales of the beaver pelts when they were shook him back to england to make beaver hats. It prevented the insects from eating holes in the pels. Were make a useless. When they got to england now we see a great causal with other pedals that some white fluffy on picks comb on public. while that's he picks A photo shows the colored fizzle in bloom then. Pinky read gov pomegranate fruit blackish figs quince on. It's another interesting thing that we grow in the gardens. Cotton of most people have never seen hot and growing. Unless you live in the south or the south west. but we've grown it. Dr mclaughlin grew it and we wanted to stay accurate to what he grew We've had some success in some years. We haven't just as all farming and gardening is some other interesting things we have on. The property is car june With this'll this'll family and we would eat the stock or the spine of the leaf and not necessarily the like you. Think of an artichoke. Although there are in the same family we also have pomegranates. pomegranates in the garden. We have fig trees in the garden with figs on them that they had we had quences that were very very common in europe in the eighteen hundreds. Most people don't know what they are. There's also an apple or pear or something like that but we do use them been demonstrated many historical kitchen to of hops. Nancy mentions next is an office way. Overpaid parv off formed chiefly from off which then see in but about two hour followed by a photo of of sliced widespread came through the garden. Today he walked through the tunnel of hops and the hawks are just getting to flower nail. And they'll be ripening of it probably about two weeks. It was used in distilling in also eleven or we have tested and used it to make eleven such as Sour dough for making bread As like a yeast and it works very well. Economy gives it a just a tiny bit of almost a beer taste to the bread. Okay great. that's the video. Yeah so Away everyone I'm an archaeologist with the national park service and the garden is one of my favorite places to spend one of my favorite places to investigate Oregon's check right now and see. I don't see that there's any questions in the chat right now and we'll try to keep up with that and If there are questions. So the're bridget and Hopefully we'll be able to help with those. So i guess we need to. I still don't see any questions so we need to show okay. We are showing On the screen the garden tactile map. If you receive the tactile learning hip for your today's tour please take out this three d. printed tactile map of the garden. It's long and skinny tattle. we're gonna go through. It would have orient yourself direct of for north and south so follow along find the arrow in the corner that protrudes out and hold the plastic tactile map so that the raised aero is pointed in the direction you are facing the furthest right quarter from you you have now oriented yourself to the north on your tactile ma. So south is the opposite at the bottom end toward you with west to the left and east to the right as you may have noticed. the garden. Area is divided in half lengthwise by the middle garden path which runs straight north and south and the north and south access points to the garden shortsighted. Pass that end you the outside edges of the garden east and west outward from the middle garden path. These smaller site paths. Divide the garden into sixteen larger planting areas or plots and give gardeners access to the plants within each fought it to plots to the north are designed with circular pass which you should be able to to feel. You can find the rectangular branch benches on your tactile map which are located at the north and south ends of the garden. At the north end of the garden. You will find entry shrubs on your mouth. They are around and pointed at lying. Both sides of the middle path year. The benches at the south end of their matt is a would post in the center of the middle. Pass a good landmark with benches on both sides on the outside of the garden along. The east side are to compost areas and a garden. Shed those are not included on your map as you leave the garden south end at the bottom. The middle path joins into east east-west half that leads short walk west to the left to the fort entrance all of which is depicted on your okay. Now we're here. From the garden contained fruit trees Flowers and herbs food was scared and difficult to come by early settlers even with provisions fraught with some west west riding with native americans for game fish. Rubes and very often mclaughlin's gardens were protected and highly value to visitors. Were either invited or given permission to walk. Within the gardening area the hudson's bay come from the us oxides to certain foods as a way to maintain professional and social status and authority for the most part the produce of the gardening wise us allies by not elite company officers. Their families that lived inside the fort. An to god's visiting the four but not to the forts libraries not mclaughlin new. Not the ford. Survival depended on its capacity to be highly productive not reliant on expensive goods from england. Thanks akili castle okay. In the first few years the court was successful growing crops of potatoes beans corn peas of cereal crops wheat barley and notes. The garden began to flourish with pumpkins. Squashes cucumbers cava ges tomatoes. Carrots onions turn next radishes melon strawberries berries black jack blackberries raspberries gooseberries lettuce. Onions mustard grapes lemon law clover and even cotton plants grown to not only feed the residents but to even see the livestock as the years progressed. Orchards of apples pears cherries apricots quences pomegranates plums. Nectarines peaches and figs were grown as custody. Mary and the gardens of england sections of ornamental flowers and medicinal herbs were planted with asters marigolds. The niyaz rag wards roses dahlia's pansy and native yuro Okay bridget's turn bridget. I would be british part so today's garden demonstrates meaning sustainable practices that were used several centuries ago mr be needed. Write only been fine boy reconverted. Today's guarding demonstrates ninety sustainable practices. That were used several centuries ago. I saw four vancouver out quotes. Yeah are still route relevance and environmentally. I'll be today. The larger historical bargain was invited into separate are separate areas for plants by designing the garvan space. This way dr mcglaughlin was able to select and strategically grew plans based on plant needs for soil. Compensation watering amount of sun. And pollination bridget low again so native plants the plant existing before the settlers arrived or sometimes used by the settlers for food and medicine. Native plants are adapted to the climate and provide less aqui in water while attracting local birds and insects such as eased for pollination today. We should try to integrate native plants around our homes when possible using knowledge of which plants were better companions to the more vulnerable plants gardeners were able to ward off. Problem insects while attracting beneficial ones crops. Such as beets cabbage and potatoes retain their quality over a long period of time. Farmers rotated crops allowing time for soil to recover referred to his fallow and use livestock manure to compost and fertilize the soil before residents composted food straps garden waste manure fish carcasses and so forth to add another a vital nutrients back into the gardens soil. Straw fallen tree leads and natural compost. Were used to mulch soil beds and protect plants from winter. Frosts today we should today. We should use natural alternatives and avoid using chemical pest control and chemical fertilizers. These chemicals can pollute waterways arm. Animals burn crops. Increase air pollution. Acidify the soil and deplete soil of minerals. Early settlers worked with the natural resources to them to be self sustaining to meet their needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. So now we're going to do a group activity and i would like to have three different people in our audience. Try to name one. Sustainable practice used in. The historical garden is also used today. You could put this in your answers in chop. Let's see the answers yet in a few minutes out. Here's a good one rotate. The garden beds. I see natural fertilization soil. Livestock manure someone else to repeat the question. So i'm going to do that. Dame one sustainable practice used in historical garden that is also used today. Tro composting fish carcass. Letting the soil life fallow robin different using different crops which is crop rotation worms. That's interesting wasn't mentioned. But it's a definitely a good bit answer compost kalpa so everyone has several great answers so now sophia is going to discuss the artifacts of and on Sophia we can see you but we there you go overboard now we can hear you. Thank you go ahead. We will include our visit to the garden today by talking about the artifacts that many of you received in your learning kits that fourth thank hoover plants native to the area were used for food medicine. Seeds were introduced at the fort from london and were planted and the garden. Seeds for farming were distributed to passing families traveling the oregon trail on their way to start their own homesteads formed. Hoover would share their seeds with several hours. Road were year fans. Pittsburgh barton faulk of having quality seed was extremely important to settlers at and they carefully saved planted unshared seeds in the spirit and tradition of the words birds. We also have been practicing seed saving and wish to share with. You are authentic old fashion. Seeds from plants raise in. The courts garnered in here for them. He them dry until you are ready to plant them when you are ready refer to directions included with their seats so you may help carry on the tradition of four vancouver man. You have a successful yield safiya. We're going to look at some pictures of flowers and vegetables. I have marigolds. Volts bright yellow and orange and reddish flowers. They are a good companion plant. Several other types of vegetables keeps the insects. Don't like the smell of them so they stay away next picture user holly hearts stems with light medium and dark pink blossoms therapa. They were popular Flower in a floral gardens and cartoon was mentioned by nancy. And the video on artichoke. Like plant. There were eight eight yardage joke. Say eight the new shoots stems as they came out of the brown next. We have blue cocoa cole. Beans a generally did not eat Vegetables raw redo like salads now with they generally could offend so these beans would have been dried and stored and Saved for a consumption during the winter or they may have been pickled to save over the winter. This is A photo of pink and red poppies. We know that California poppies growing in the garden those that launch orange puppies common poppies sweet. William was another Popular cottage garden or colonial garden. Plant blossoms pattern with bursts of whites pinks and reds cowpeas black-eyed peas With dark marks along the one foot length of the being being pods and being that are reddish or white both were dark spots and again needs would have been primarily dried and stored. This is a picture of green bean pods. That produced whitish scenes with dark spots. Tigers lack valentine rattlesnake or three different varieties of green games. Okay so what happened with the vegetables from the garden. The fruits from your turns and the grains from the field crops. Many different jobs at the fort contributed to making available foods and ingredients that the bakers used to prepare their baked dishes and the cooks and the chief factors kitchen used to feed the many officers clerks guests. A lot of the labor in the garden and fields was provided by local indigenous. People sometimes whole families would come to work allowing them to trade for items. In the hudson's bay company's indian trade shop farmers gardeners seeds been other laborers would manage the garden orchard fields. They would be plowing sowing watering spreading compost and caring for plants so they would grow steersman farmers other laborers with ten livestock. It would fertilized soil and replenish nutrients. Tradesmen such as blacksmiths and carpenters would make farm equipment skilled laborers around the flour mill. Which was used to refine the wheat barley enquiring into flowers and corn meals. After harvesting there would be cutting bundling transporting processing and even packaging and storing. There will always jobs that needed attention. I don't know if we have time just for questions from the challenge samy speaking we actually running a little bit short on time so we can move into the big house now. Thank you sophia. Kiely bridget thank you with lane or your leadership and if it is okay to go off you it is okay to go off camera now. Go on youtube while we get megan jake in henry on to lead the next portion of the tour. And if you have questions at the end you may have questions about. The gordon. Were bake house at the end but we want to give time for the next team. Okay whenever the team is ready to start the tour of the bake house. I will advance the slides and play the video when you are ready. One in welcome to the bay cast out for vancouver. My name is jake in. This is my classmate in in the pacific. Northwest is three class at washington. State's will together with megan of a curator from the national park service. We will be your tour guides for the next twenty five minutes. Logan everyone everyone start going to show. A short video introduced vague videos on. Dodged if you have any questions off the national public today. I still view of the big house. Single-story building a adult roof and the clemson. How if dole rates most of the city of shows afford five kuba staffer identified as range of ryan sitting wooden cable. It's like the big house which features log free column various cooking insurance and assortment of other historical such as lanterns and barrels. All the table is alone was a paddle with free. Seabiscuit sincerely state. You still inches are shown to straight points. This building is called the big house it was used to big large quantities of seabiscuit. Gets also known as hard tack for the people who lived and worked in remote areas like vancouver. Finding enough food was an ongoing problem. Especially in the first years after trading post was established in the hundreds shows overview. Start with richard stockade protected buildings inside. There are other buildings strewn around outside of how to save wounds of since when been through was established making twenty five it was an abundance of wildlife on land and in the columbia river other. There were no shots or stores or places to order food and the fourth did not get into this so establishing the land was one of the first things for to seabiscuit. Showed said onto a wooden table to show the first as a ship off the river. The second is to characters interacted with each other whereas this little back shoulders alluded. Those from shoulder gets provided basic nourishment. Some ninety four employees who work near the ford. Those who worked at one of the small trading posts in remote areas the ship's crew to sail back and forth from england living. I and bringing back suffice. They're also employees are small ships. That was up and down the pacific coast hunting and trading for i long as the seabiscuit is drive. It will ask them. Definitely the sea biscuit has big properly. It is as hard as a brick allergies. Something so hard. It was soak it in a cup of tea or added to soup. Or if that animal. Fats the biscuit Fried full biscuits should those. They also give a book with a costumed of making the five for the biscuits to be cooked. Then used to rake codes of a sea. Biscuit by voted using a few but see into the makes me biscuits. A harvard was built in front of each ten foot by put oven. Once their time for pitchers reached the high court with fever. Move with a break. All the brooker oven floor was then swapped team with a wet rag on a whole of a scuffle. The firstly form don't be placed in the event with appeal. It would take for three hours video tapes in quick succession addressee. Feel freak out of the. We'd stokes stalks the heavily forested area. A tree hill in the shola with weights breaking obviously till images of people of the first showing a lot of the whole of social causes coaches. Gather together in of fort stock. Act the second photograph of dr john. Buchan you wanted to start a farm. What natural resources would you need a mild climate. That wasn't too hot or too cold. You've rain rich soil to grow crops and trees that can use the bill. Barnes fences houses. This area had all of those things. Including the columbia river that not only provided fresh food and water but also means of transportation or vancouver is only one hundred miles from the pacific ocean so ships from all over the world can sell thank you and trade for business applies by eighteen forty five farming and agriculture was a major part of the work at for hoover and most of the employees worked on the farm rather than in the for trade farm production contributed to the prophets of think to reduce the amount of food that was brought in from elsewhere in addition north thousands of settlers in the area that needed food and supplies is establish their farms. Dr john mclaughlin held many hungry. American settlers is day right. You're from oregon trip right and that includes the video meghan anything you would like to add or do we have any questions in the track so i just want to emphasize that the big house was such an important building of the ford. The people who worked at for being cougar. Who were called servants of the hudson stay company relied on biscuits fake house as part of their rations and in the in a chat acce- lane but a bit explanation of of the rations. Which is what a hudson's bay company employees will get to feed themselves and their families mostly themselves and the basis daily ration each servant in eighteen forty one included one and a half pounds a biscuit and on top about seed biscuits were provided to visiting ships for trappers handing out on trapping expeditions. The because would have been producing tons and tons of food to people to work here. Okay if you receive a tattle any kit today to take out the three to four point of the day chats image of the floor plan model and a photograph of the inside of the bishops. When you have here floor pool ready all still that. The diamond shaped area in the top rate coroner is pointing to your left. The arrows indicate wipe direction is not but we will be looking at this room as if we are facing east. The main feature. This room is at the top of thirty model. Next era these are the brick ovens may couch. There is arch at the base on the island. By a tile floor rate books fires of of the fire. The biscuits are few other things to point on your three year model. The entrance to the building is on the west wall. Closest to you represented by a raise rectangle on either side of the door represent windows. The bay cast is to start building and you can find the location of the stairs to the second floor near the north lonesome monolith. A large work table is near the center of the room in two large storage unit. Used for flower set in the bottom right or south western corner. Megan could you tell us a little a little more about the work that was done in this room. Four so in this bill. Three to four baker's work bong hours in front of these massive twin ovens preparing bread and biscuit or hundreds of company employees the ovens needed to be stoked intended around the car to ensure a consistent baking temperature so today we can set our ovens or three hundred fifty degrees or whatever we need but back then they needed to work to maintain that temperature for things to fake properly. And it's possible that at least one of the bakers lived in the buildings added to make sure the big house will always operating just as fakers to today of acres again. Were very early in the morning. In order to get any levin bread time to rise anything they are usually to the couch today by talking about the artifacts that many see city of each article painting workshop of the shed on three. Some of you received tepeyac packets in a small paper. Honolulu filled with one ounce of loose tea or at least leaf tea as well as the heaton which is a metal fill which is a metal pin filled with twenty individual teabags meghan. Can you tell us any more about these artifacts in where they can absolutely so here. We have a as you heard already a few different kinds of teas loose leaf tea bags. And you re remember from video. That seabiscuit made innovate house. Were very hard. And you might have remembered the word heart tap which is another word i e biscuits. So they were. They were very hard and difficult to eat lane and not very good to eat so they would offend soaked in teed soup or greece to help soften or an flavor them and you might also remember. I might have been in the video that sea biscuits just made of flour and waters which isn't very young me so adding them to t- like the teas that you receive a summer of you or soup with help them a little bit of flavor. He was also a very popular drink effort. Been cooper and archaeologists here often find pieces of teacups and saucers that were left behind and buried underground. We are nearing the end. The largest health what we have any file flashing images wonder folks are up. Guys this is amy. I will look at the chat and read questions. There was a question about pre heating ovens. That was a really good question about maintaining a consistent temperature. A question is. I wonder if pisses where that we get. Were crackers or bread or mixed into soup where that comes from and another question is how did the the rations correlate with the work that was done. Could you talk a little bit about those elements of the temperature needed for banking and our traditions around soaking crackers. Or read in soup. Meghan for in elaine of jump into. I'm not sure how long event starting therapist rolling up to see the original question. How long it would take to. Preheat the oven in the morning. Elaine you know anything about that. It took several hours. As i don't know the exact time but you know i would think as much as six hours maybe longer to predate. The ovens is they would many would remove the fine air so that they could big the big. The breads and biscuits can kind of get sense. You know if it takes that. Long to preheat you. Don't wanna let the fire go out right. So that's why you need that a constant attention on that that oven and then in for you know dipping crackers and to sue this is that comes from but you know if you mix if you don't have a very young have a very good soup with a lot of ingredients putting crackers in it withhold. Make it a little harder muira and a little more philly too so that might also be part of why we add crackers and biscuits and binny's like that to suit. There was also a question. This is abc about rationing. What was the ration that laborers received it. We know that food was a really important factor as to why people chose to work. If we're been cooper yes Intern trying looking through the chat. Because elaine a good. I had put an answer getting there for the there has been another question about rushton's up time. Yes let's go ahead and answer and also it's really good if you're answering questions to to sometimes reiterate your answers because not everyone has the chance to scan all of those responses. It's hopeful for the interpreters. Well thank you. So the question is did rations correlate with your work as far as the different levels of laborers or servants at the ford and the the rations were fairly standardized. Everybody all of the servants received the same ration. There's nothing in the records that indicate that people receive different things. Obviously you mentioned in the garden Room the officers of the company and their families were eight a different diet than what the service but to answer the question. The servants all received the same ration. Assuming there was enough. You know as a as i mentioned the rashes change depending on what was available so it may be the case that you know if people would get court and so people would get week flower just because of what was available so it's great it now. We do have some time for questions about the garden so if there have been questions about the garden or would like some time to discuss the garden at all as the bay counts. I like the way that the two teams decided the garden and the bake house together right because what should grow in the garden went right into the bake house for preparing for food so we do have time for that. Are there any questions that folks have about the garden or other questions about be caps. Megan i see a question about Okay so it was answered tests. Answer how do they keep the other hot. Without a fire commented the bricks in the ovens are made from one hold of he be easier to make it in a fire. I assume they're referring to bread. He want to talk about that. Megan like a a not Hi guys i answered that. When to just a comment that the fire might char or burn biscuits by cooking them too quickly but the heat from the bricks that the oven is made from is constant and therefore very good for baking. Hope that helps. Thanks of into that that their grandfather us eat heart attack the and though with butter and soup we had some questions about the pollinators. Which flowers attracted the pollinators again. Okay pretty much all plants that flower. The purpose of the flower is to attract pollinators most garden plants. Such as flowers and vegetables are what we call insect pollinated of as opposed to grains and corn. Which are wind. Pollinated the win distributes the pollen and Fertilizes plants urnov fertilizes such But yes stance at the question. I couldn't possibly have all the flowers because they're all insect pollinated in the garden. I read that in europe. It was very common to have a lot of flower gardens. Attract twenty years this well. And he tesla meters yes to fertilize the plants which will help reduce ask will allow the plants seeds and fruits and other plants so very important function of those tackle question scare unless. Sorry if there's anything else about mr super well. Bees and generals you know there are. There are other types of bees. Only also yes any beezer definitely the best of this question is what was on the second floor of the bay and the answer is that we don't completely down but From the records and when the reconstructed the bake house they looked at you. Know what big houses at forts look like. And what's been written about the fourteen cooler big house and big thing. Perhaps that it was it might have been a leading orders or of at least a temporary quarters In that second story but in the modern reconstruction it is is storage area. In case you're wondering. And then i see another question here. That's how long did it take to build the modern day replica of the fort. And i guess. I would answer by saying that. It's not quite done yet. You know we don't have already construction of the fort that was there in the nineteen hundreds of it began in the nineteen sixties with stockade. The chief factors house and the will be bad into over the years as the national park service service for this place. Here's a question about this. Is amy about the honeybees driving out the native bees. Does anyone know about this. Particular type of fees at air interactions well. I arrived out here in the pacific northwest with a settlers Not so much. With the hudson's bay company but lucy people were coming over from the united states coming out west and i don't think there's been a problem with the honey bees Kind of choking out. The native bees honeybees are pretty well contained and they kind of stay in their own space and do their little their do their jobs and they don't produce Expand in their population like some other insights might do so. It's something that i've specifically researched that. I don't believe that there's been any problem. This is amy. We have a few more minutes left before we transition back to our main room. It actually everyone in this room will stay right where they are. I had a question about Things that i've seen that certain volunteer gardeners still maintain the garden and actually volunteer bakers. May help recreate the heart attack. Or the the bread that was created Can you talk a little bit about what your volunteers today. And why that's important. Yes we do. It's mostly at our events. Like campers and candlelight which is a big event that we have every september where there isn't a global pandemic took a tracy mentioned the inr introduction so during special events so we do have volunteers who sometimes will fire up the ovens at an unbalanced straight and making her pet biscuits. And this is amy. I actually saw some people. Using some historic practices like mulching. Mulching leaves grinding them up and putting the garden to bed just before before winter. Is there any comments. You can make about the practices that your volunteers still engaging laying gardeners really try very hard and drew very good job of making sure that they use methods that were employed during the hudson's bay company period. So they're doing the same things in the garden growing the same things and processing the foods out of the garden. Same way that the hudson up and he would have done very cool and one last really important question was about the indigenous peoples and tribes. They asked if such people came to the fort by choice and what was their roles. What were their roles at the fort yes. There were native people from all over north america including a lot of free and your or new schone people coming to the north west work at for trade posts including warping bird. There were also need to people from tribes throughout the northwest. Who would come to forbid over to work as well And indigenous people native hawaiians coming all the way from hawaii to work effort flavor as well so it was It was a job that was available and that s interested. It's not something was sports sure so it was something that people chose to do to engage a trade with a lot of cultures. Thank you very much for that. Wonderful question is is amy speaking about the different ethnicities and people. It was truly a multi cultural place a lot of intersections between cultures and a lot of learning. That probably was shared. That maybe we still don't even recognize what was learned from digits people's and there's a lot of information being shared in the chapada about the chennault of clicking tat nations areas more information on the fort vancouver website and what. I'm showing right now by choice. Is that our agenda is pointing us back into this main room where you are right now. We are going to transition in actually talk a little bit about careers at the ford. So we're gonna just take a moment here and pause. It makes sure that tracy and meghan and tessa elaine. Alex doug and bomb from fort vancouver are back with us. We're going to have a little bit of a panel session with them to talk about their careers. So thank you very much to mr bowler's class at mr lowery's class really excellent job in helping guide the tour of the garden and big house all right so leeann can you tell me when we're back together and and ready to go hello. This is leeann. The other group ended a few minutes ago on. They've started rolling back in. So i just need to know who i need to highlight. So we'll be ready to go wonderful. So this is amy. We are highlighting. Just the folks at fort vancouver right now. I'm actually only gonna stay on camera for just did because i'm helping facilitate some questions so if you are not speaking. Let's go ahead and go off camera and stay on youtube. Please thank you so much. Where allowing doug and meghan tests. Tracy alex bob to come back With us now. Our special host from fort vancouver. They will be speaking terrorists in an answering questions about their jobs. Okay we do want to close and also say to those that were not able to attend both rooms. This these sessions will be recorded. You are also able to look at our website and hopefully learn about the other stations that you were not able to visit because of time all right. Let's go ahead and get started with our next section in the the agenda for vancouver staff you have been so wonderful to work with so delightful so easy so welcoming. We felt like this mobility matters. It was such a nice opportunity to work with you because of your emphasis on inclusion and accessibility and she were interested in making your fort in making this site this historic treasure More available to everyone so we appreciate that even during the pandemic more willing to share your time with us. Open us up to your expertise and spent time with our teams and co creating event. But i'll be honest with you a lot of us including me. Don't really fully understand all of your different roles. We hear words like archaeologist and curator in ranger superintendent rounds keeper. We don't really know what all of those entail and we also know that people with visual impairments as well as the interested in careers with you an understanding more about something that make their curiosity a peak pinterest so let me go around and just ask some questions and maybe we'll i'll call on you intern. But certainly just talk about your lives in. What interested you tracy. Let's start with you. How did you get interested in it being a doing weapon you do at the ford. And what is the superintendent. What does that really mean. Sorry thank you amy So i'm the superintendent or fake hoover. National stork site. And i'm responsible for ensuring that we do the best job we can manage. She miss national park It's like running a city and so we are responsible for maintaining the buildings still alarms had convinced faces Obviously at our site. Archaeology is a very important part as well as a collection for many parts of the park a history had a chance to the point where public servants work for the federal government and cell. He are here to serve the american people. And also that many visitors who come from around the world to see for ankles so my job is to work with my And all the staff or fake puberty as well as about three hundred volunteers who support us and we have. I think about seventy five partners so it really takes a team of people working together to do what we do To do the best job that we do it for it's part of the national marxist and a little bit about me is young was didn't really know what i wanted to be when i grew up and i think that's the case with a lot of people and so I came to this as mice as a career by happenstance by. It was a wonderful opportunity for me in that way to my track. Bike trail follows skip. Here was really quite wonderful. And i've never worked for another organization within national. I hope that dealt. What did you study. this is amy. Where did you go to college. And what did what were your interests so I went to school. I went to college in graduate school. I also got an A b. a and a masters of arts degree and it was in public administration political science. I actually grew up overseas. And so i learned about being american from A far and when we were able to come home and for the summer vacations my parents often took us to national. Parks are but i was actually on my way to keep coming in league with the foreign service and when i was in graduate school my chairman suggested i apply for a summer graduate position with the national park service To be a policy or program in. I was selected to that position in that started my career with keystone much tracy. That was really great. Let's let's go to some others. What is a curator. Megan and how did you get interested in this. What did you study. Richard grow up or as a curator in the national park service. Is someone among who cares or easy and collection so that come from archaeology or that are donated by members of the public so caring for those historic ideas and also make exhibits and sharon the items with the public as they don't do a ton of good stored away we want to share them online or exhibits Things like that so that's also part of the job. I grew up with the national park service. My parents were park. Rangers might first. Home was in a government. National parks service housing. The grand canyon eat so i kind of always been around and when i got to college i went to the university of washington. And i got a bachelor's degree in history and artistry and i've i got a master's degree in museology which is what the university of washington calls us studies and there are lots of different museum studies all around the country museum studies programs including in the northwest set at the university of washington. So that's where. I ended up and then Tesla's snatched me up. When i graduated and i've been here ever since you all seem really connected in close like great team to work together to set. Let's go to you in your role within the party. In your journey sure So tussle langford. And i am the cultural resources program manager Which can be a bit of a mouthful but it basically means that. I help with running the office. That protects and shares cultural resources. So things like archaeology museum collections landscapes and historic buildings etc So i have degrees in cultural anthropology Both my undergraduate and graduate work. was in anthropology and then i have a graduate certificate in museum collection care I actually. I'm here to tell you that it's never too early to start showing your interest in national parks Along with my mother. I started volunteering at fort vancouver as a teenager I think i was fourteen or fifteen So i was one. I grew up in vancouver. And i was just kind of one that was dedicated to being at the fort from an early age Worked as a seasonal and different jobs. And then. After i graduated from graduate school i was able to become employed. Here i love. The trump is sizing that. It's not too early and for people that are online listening to this. This is why the wanted to share this with you is because it isn't too early for you to be thinking about your interest in volunteering your interest in careers. So we'll have time for questions at the end is well. Let's go to elaine. Who did such a nice job talking about the garden. You have different role. It's a different title urine geologist. Is that right. That's correct I've been archaeologist with bark service for twelve thirteen years actually on staff and i was a research assistant during my time as a graduate student At the fort. Also and i have currently have a master's degree in anthropology. Archaeology is the discipline of anthropology. And i actually. I the path that i followed in order to be within working for the park service was through my schooling The park service has programs that partnered with students in universities to provide liza such as i was a research assistant and then you can also transition into a job with the park service through through that system. So that was how i managed to come to order for vancouver. This is actually my second career for many years. I was a graphic designer and I was tired of sitting into computer and felt like. I got doug what i wanted to do with that so and i'd always been interested in history and i thought archaeology with getting away from the computer which was a little naive on my part but and then So debbie out in the field and address my lover's history. So that was why how. I manage to make the switch from via graphic designers archaeologists. So i'm actually canadian So i kind of had a connection to the ford in that way So so. I really enjoy working here. I focused on landscapes. Which is how. I ended up doing my master's thesis on archaeological research of the garden at for vancouver. So i think that's that's basically a land has a story to tell us doesn't work very interesting but really back you know. In the earlier centuries people stood most of the time outside. And i'm interested in what they were doing outside those buildings so sure and i left a discussion about the river commie river in what it what role it played at. The ford is so critical for transportation and food and water up so those are all of the rivers in the area were they were the easiest way to transform. Them's people goods. So fascinating still still useful today for all of us. Let's go to bob bob. Talk about your work with the blacksmith. Is that the the even that she worked with most costly for this event well over the last few years. I've rotated out of archaeology and back into it. I i was the arts chief of interpretation for a few years and when i was in that role in working with their interpreters had lover tears. I actually got to spend some time in the blacksmith shop. Then minimally learn how to be a blacksmith. I can actually operate the forge and get some iron. Houghton's hurts. Founding away it i don't think i can make a little more time in there But actually that's that was a fascinating thing. Because i've always looked at the blacksmith shop from the perspective as an archaeologist looking at the artifacts evan recovered there and you know analyzing artifacts but it's something entirely new who when you actually get the experience of what it was like to try and make these things out of iron and the process of blacksmith and that's a fascinating rose archaeologist. We actually ought experimental archaeology trying to replicate how people did things in the past and there is nothing like that hands on experience on doing something like that It's a wonderful thing about working for vancouver where we have this reconstruction that's based upon elements of the past where you can get the full picture. You can actually go back and try and get that experience okay. How were these things made how to make these things of they do these things in some of the fun things at some of our volunteer archaeologist. Get to do. They spend time in an archaeological collection at they look at artifacts that were recovered. That were made by blacksmiths. In the past and then kate and oftentimes. It's even allowed us as archaeologists to better identify. Thanks because oftentimes we only get broken. Bits of things from the past. And so you know having those volunteers who are skilled as laxness they can look at those broken bits and try and replicate them. Sometimes they've been able to identify things that were previously identified so that can be a really fun experience. And i'm really thrilled. I've been able to spend time in the blacksmith shop and to get back to it in the future here. Of course it had a little shoulder injury. The last year and a half. But it's coming back to where i look forward to maybe doing some more volunteering at the blacks myself. Future facts really. Do tell us a story. Where did you grow up in. How did you get interested in becoming an archaeologist. Hikaru not too far from here. A little town called albany oregon and actually growing up in high school and then putting my way through college. I went to oregon state university. I worked on a grassy of all things and so actually. I was out plowing a field one day and i'm clogged up by aero set went back and took a look eh. Behold there was this rusty iron an actual iron for hurting clothing. Rickel sad irons and they're big cast of iron and they would actually eat it up on a stove and then you would eat them up Use them as an iron on clothing and so at the end of the day. I mentioned the farmer inside. I found this really rusty iron. And i looked across the field right plowed and there was just sparkling bits of glass and pottery and all sorts of things out. There he goes. Oh yeah that was my great grandfather's house. I was where we homestead. that's an eighteen fifty thousand it burned. When i was a kid right we plow over out and it just kind of caught my imagination. It's like you know not so long ago there was a house here. People living here. And i'd always been interested in history. I have a bad through degree in history. But i took an elective in historic archaeology. And it just really caught my imagination and actually started work on hudson's bay company sites at a site called shampoo. We state park which was actually settled by former employees of the hudson's bay company from fort vancouver who settled down in the valley so that caught my imagination as an archaeologist and became a goal to be an archaeologist at hoover and there's days i still can't believe i have had this opportunity. I've been doing it for over twenty years. Great thank you so much blitz goto Please share a little bit about your professional journey in the work that you do. So i grew up in the southwest and my mother was born and raised in gallup new mexico and so we would visit my grandmother gallup and my grandmother who is immigrants from germany loved indians and she loved going out on the reservation and at ruins and we would go to all the different south western monuments like kenya shea grand canyon and all of the different national park service sites that were around gala and so i was doomed from an early age to go into archaeology I wound up in pennsylvania. My dad was an engineer and we visited all the colonial sites and battlefields out in the east coast. And so. When i went into college i went and got a bachelors in anthropology with specialty in archaeology and then i went ahead and got a masters and a phd was at university of arizona. And i wound up in the pacific northwest and i i worked in a field called cultural resources management and that's in the private sector in awhile. I had my own company and we would Study problems that had to do with developing areas for either roads or subdivisions to make sure that there weren't any archaeological sites gary historic sites or indian sites or union burial grounds that would be a problem for the development and so i did a lot of that now in the park service i am. I work at the regional office. I do some of my work at fort vancouver. But i also work on historic sites In archaeological sites and other sorts of cultural resources throughout the west including a wii and the island territories. So one day. I might be looking at a chinese railroad workers camp in the high sierras and the next day. I might be looking at a ritual. Corey out inside pan. So it's It's really quite a diverse job. And i really love. It also mentioned that. I work with many different cultural resources professionals. He all like curator's like megan Intesa archaeologists obviously but also people that look at historic structures user called historical architects and they specialize in how preserve old buildings. I also work with cultural landscape architects. People that are very interested in preserving old landscapes historic trees plantings around historic buildings. That sort of thing. So i also worked with historians and archivists Instilled there's a whole range of fields just dedicated to preserving these really important parts of our our past that's important it's so vital. Our past is not really it connects to our present and it helps us make decisions in the future and hopefully learn about who we want to be in the future from the past and we know that several folks got to Leave but we also want to leave some time for questions. Let's quickly go to alex. Alex tell us about your job at the ford in about your journey to tune to what you do we'll Outer of zulia vendor a forbade I grew up in california and my parents. At the time i was about four years old and they just always love instruction building and that ends started studying in stark reservation. I gotta scream cream of his his his arranged and then back to school after that associates long no way around study construction management ended up your and just love the preserving a fabric bill acids. So that's what i do here. It's a healthy old buildings as bartlett slowly manager. My world is different than you're wearing goya's operations maintenance so under sloss for for the day-to-day operations all buildings and facilities grounds of art of some in also says the word nigger art so making sure that our bergen are the wild earth. You're doing such a fabulous job. Let me just say to to be open to the community to be learning to be partnering with the community. It's off it's always a journey right. Just like operations and maintenance. Oem an orientation mobility. Were still always learning new ways to to do that to do that. Work and it is operations and maintenance is really really important. I want to encourage everyone who hasn't had a chance to visit fort. Vancouver when this pandemic it's passed us when we are all vaccinated or more closely vaccinated for you to make the trip actually. Go see the grounds that alex's describing in that everyone is describing we're gonna take about ten minutes now and open it up to your questions. There was a question specifically for bob about some of the items that he may have have made so. I'm going to scan quickly. But if i've missed a question leeann please feel free to read it out loud to the panelists bob. I texted enhancer back that i am not skilled enough yet to actually make something useful. Actually my best. I've only really spent about ten hours before. Ge's total so i did make a very crude nail but I wouldn't trust. It's actually much of anything together. I need a little more. It's actually a lot more time. In the by shops make something useful. It would be interesting to like make a hand trowel for excavation or something like that in the bucks shop but i think i'm going to have to work up to that all right. Thank you bob. There's a question about hunting and fishing in the winter and the preservation of rations for year. Round your round preservation. Is there anyone that would like to comment on on sustenance on hunting and fishing and practices that you're aware of the question thinking of i just keyed in response to that Because they as it's the right one that they were asking people were just wait it out and what. It indicated was the hudson's bay company provided rations all year round and. That's why it was so important. And why they focus so much on foods that would preserve through the winter when dried beans and dried corn. Things like that and dried system So so they. Labor is provided with rations all winter long but then hugging the climate is fairly. You know wouldn say balmy but Pleasanton the pacific northwest and hunting and fishing critic continued all winter long. Also so so. There was a wasn't really a waiting it out. There was food available. Amy one of the questions that came on very early on was when we took our walking tour around the fort and saw the buildings. One of the questions is why arthur very many buildings in the middle. They seem to be on the on the outer edges. I can take that off. This is doug at the height of the fort actually had two courtyards in the middle in that was used for outdoor activities and then the main buildings were gathered around those courtyards and so In front of the first store for example they would use that outdoor area to bring out the first to beat them like little rug to get all the dust off into make sure that they were aired out and so they would be used utilizing that courtyard space for a variety of activities question There was a question about more of the gardening practices if some additional comments can be made about the usefulness of those gardening practices today. Elaine I suppose they must be referring to the sustainability practices. Think okay Yeah they're they're. It's as they relocated when you're talking about the garden It's very important actually to if you are going to be using the land to try to use it in a way. That is sustainable. We have plenty of evidence that shows that the methods that we've been using chemicals and and Things like that are not good for the planet so if everybody could make an effort of their to do things not just gardening but many things in the sustainable fashion that will help to protect the planet. Everyone really nice. In that vein. Aaron hedda questioned about wanted people to with their waste garbage. It went into the garden after the had gone to a certain amount of processing and plus. Actually doug might be better for this. This is his specialty. But people didn't generate nears which garbage as we do now so over to you so You know all archaeologists aren't really experts in waste because that's what is left behind after people leave so The refuse piles of the hudson's bay can eat inside. The fort was right behind the buildings and just dumped it out of doors and windows. sewage They had a thing called a privy and that was an outdoor out. House out house Which was rain from the buildings he would have been right on the edges of palisade. And that's where people would have Conduct the bathroom and it was just basically a hole dug in the ground And they had a special type of ceramic containers inside the houses. It kind of looks like a soup tureen. But you would never wanna have soup out of it. It's called a chamber pot in that chamber. Pot would've been used for people. They was late at night and they had to get up into the bathroom. They would go in the chamber pot and then someone in the morning would come and dump that stuff in the privy part of life. This is amy of life and it's part of recycling too. So thank you for answering that question. There's been a couple of questions about this. This life of blacksmith. I think the blacksmith role is kind of fascinating for a lot of people who attended today The one question was what two blacksmith skit breaks. Did they did they ever earn some time. And maybe if someone could describe kind of what the day in. The life of a blacksmith was and i know in one of your videos. That talks about that. Being a blacksmith wasn't attractive job because of the benefits and the foods that people would have access to as part of their payment. I can try and take this loan. So i kind of talked about this event. Also during the breakout session. Compared to today i think a lot of people would think. Being a blacksmith is a hard way of life right he would be was very physically demanding. You're hammering on ir. You're standing next to a hot forge all day The evidence is the blacks messier for vancouver. Probably doing about twelve hours of work a day. They did get breaks. All the employees got a breaks. Actually a tea breaks as well as a lunch. A formal lunch break. We really don't know about time off other than during the holiday season. Spend christmas and new year's almost everybody at for vancouver got almost streak off and a really through elaborate parties and had dances and took us rate work and the company would have directed what the blackness were making You know there was a need for access for trade than they would set up the blackness and tell them hey we need access. They may might be making accidents for a street week as they're building up towards the brigade season we need more of you know beaver traps so suddenly the that's what they're having to make. Probably for weeks on end is just fever traps and again it just depended on what the was. Oh we're going to construct a new building. We need door hardware right. So they're going to be making strap inches and pimples or nails. Sometimes they would have to make nails other. The evidence is a lot of nails were actually shipped in remanufactured from england. So you know if. I'm sure it was repetitive. Work because again. It's like the company needs accidents heads. So you'd for a week or two. You might just be making dozens. Max so it might get kind of tedious because you're getting the same thing over and over and over again but again let's during the winter it was colder then it is now named. We have mobile changed. What's interesting is the columbia river used to freeze over almost every winter. You could literally walk across the ice and it's almost a mile wide year for vancouver so it definitely was cold in the winter and it rained all the time or snow of being inside next to a hot forge was probably a pretty nice perk of the job winter but as i mentioned during the breakout session a fits july and august and it's in the eighties or nineties. You know it's it's gonna be a hot job because you're standing next to very hot for so it kind of depended on the season as to how nice it was in the blast shop. So there are a lot of pluses and minuses to being blacksmith. Just like almost any job. You could think so much for this wonderful panel discussion of your jobs and your roles at this point in time i know there are dozens and dozens more questions. We will try to answer some of those questions off line and via email for you. We also want to direct you back to the fort vancouver website if becky could post the fort vancouver website the mobility matters website also has some of those sound clips and directions for sowing your seeds if you got seeds from us other Videos will be posted there for you to watch again. That's another important thing. That i want to mention before we go over to our sponsors. It is really important to us to hear from you about what you thought of this event because we're learning to at the university about how to host more accessible events how to be more inclusive of our community so we would love to hear your feedback on this event using a survey and becky is going to post that survey in the chat hot you will also receive an email. Please take a minute or two in complete that survey because they're really helps us learn about how to make the world a little more inclusive will share those results of the survey with our partners at fort vancouver to they're very interested in in supporting accessibility and inclusion in this last portion of the event we're going to hear from some of our sponsors liked to turn it over i two tracy said she's here with us As one of our lead sponsors who donated so much occur staff time and resources to supporting us Tracy you also shared some resources about employment that we posted on our website employment with the national park system that we wanted to make sure that everyone from across the country from the uk or where these employment opportunities. Tracy thank you amy. I'll be brief. I just want to know on behalf of the national park service in portland fever national historic site. Are we feel privileged to be part of this. Today he was really a wonderful experience. the the staff here We got to meet some of them here. This virtual online offering. But i hope that you all can make it to the national park in visit us in if not at four in coober another national park in the national park system. It's so important. I like to say that Who we are as people as americans. It's reflected in our national parks. National parks are the excuse me parks when you go to like the grand canyon go. Ooh that's really big there Or you sumati yellowstone the everglades whether alligators And of course. The minding like no rushmore. Women's rights there so many places to go and I think there's something for everyone in a national park so please take that offer you last year any to now it's been really tough because of the pandemic but this will pass and we will be able to gather together and i just want. You should know that fourteen cougars doors are always open and welcoming year to comments in time with us and this is the beginning i've shared with amy scott began. We're here we're committed We walked to do the best job. He can serving all our visitors. And so this is just a tremendous in thank you. We've tried to partner at a couple of other things And we're gonna keep doing that. And i hope that we'll be able to interact with in the future. So thank you very much and we really really appreciate this. I see that tina is here. Tracy traveling we are. We are those are. That's music to my ears that we will that we will continue to partner with you. Thank you so very much. For sharing the beautiful part of of america that we can be proud of which is a multicultural multi-cultural and rich and diverse history that we share Tina ankle is our associate dean at the college of education. And also someone who's very passionate about inclusion as a rehabilitation history and expertise in counseling. And she's here to welcome you and say a few words about our college of education at portland state university agu all for having me On behalf of the college of education. I just wanna thank He parker and all of the faculty and staff and the department of special education at psu note so much time and energy and effort goes into this wonderful conference and i have been fortunate enough to attended person. I think the first year when it was held in the college and Sent some of my alumnis from the rehabilitation counseling program to participate. So i just want to thank you and for the work that you're doing. That's so important for community access and inclusion for all all people just to have that universal ability to participate in mobility is of central tibet. And i'm very passionate about access to of work workforce and i studied career development. And without that i mean we see transportation across the world really is one of the number. One barrier is to be able to participate in the in the workforce. So the work that you all are doing is critical to that. I appreciate your vision and your commitment to this. And i'm so honored that the college of education is able to do this work with you in a very small way to through partnership thank you. Let's go now to our partners at another portland state university before we go to our partners at american printing house for the blindly and my partner in crime in hosting this event today Would molly please come online. And share a few words about the work of the digital cities testbed senator who supported are interpreting. The ports today very committed to inclusion as well. And you so much a b. Load everybody and congratulations to dr. amy. Parker mr steve. Lowery curator megan mr-leinen guerrillas. Sorry if i'm pronouncing your last name. All the interpreters captures in teachers and everyone who helped make this possible today especially the students. It was so exciting to see people from all over the country here. I've worked with one of the sponsors of this event called the digital city testbed center on and that is a program at portland state university. One of the things we do is to look at. How new technology can help people with disabilities get around cities safely and easily stuff like an app on your phone that shows or tells you to get somewhere or different kinds of signs that tell you where you are. We were pa- community members in portland oregon as well as teachers at portland. State university feeding. Dr amy perk. I'm sure some of your familiar with the phrase. Nothing about us without us. This means that people with disabilities should always be involved in developing the tools. That are supposed to help them. In a c. t. c. We believe that working with the community is super important. So thank you for your participation. today we're so happy to support this event. I thought the tour was off. Some and i hope that other national parks will work on developing tourist. Like this one is the thank you molly. We could not have done this event. Holly doctor holly lawson whose on screen with me. Who helped co coordinate. This event with me at who helped lead the three d. printing team that sent out all three d. printed models We could not have done this without you. The end and without the american printing house for the blind to help purchase the supplies from the gift shop that went out to everyone who helped with the captioning for today. Who helped host with this wonderful room and who also helped semi a message and be more inclusive so that we can truly have a representation from united states. I mean that's really wicked. Cool right so talk to us about your work in sure. One of the things that i just wanted to say is the american. Printing house for the blind has been around a very long time and so those students out there. If that sounds familiar it might have been written on. Some of your books could be written on some of the materials. You're using some of the electric devices you might use. So that's probably why it sounds familiar. But you don't usually hear from us. So i wanted to let you know. That's why it sounds a little bit familiar. We've been hosting actually learning activities for students three days a week now in the east coast time from three to four. You get to do the on figuring out what time that is in your time zone. And you're welcome to join us live or you can feel free to catch the recordings on our youtube channel. These are built for people who don't see or don't see it all so lots of description. Lots of words but it is always captioned for those that need that's worked. That's just a little taste of some of the things we have for. Students ought to the equipment and books for you as well. And then. if you're an educator out there realize we have professional development available to you to we have professional development. That's live where you can actually get in there and ask questions and then we also have a synchronous instruction on a learning management system so you can continue to learn this partnership was wonderful. It allowed us to reach many people in different walks of life. And i truly am looking forward to the opportunity to maybe tour different fort or historical landmark again and make it a truly accessible experience. So thank you for inviting me and our wonderful team at a p h. Along amy absolutely so pleased to complete your surveys. We also thanked the washington state. School for the blind. Mr lowery mr bowler in all of the students who participated today in shared your expertise. They were co creators with us at wsb chose not to say some final words of but we do think scott mccollum and we think sean the cormick from washington state school for the blind for their leadership in the support of their staff and students for participating today. Please do complete the survey. We are ahead of schedule. We are finishing our time ahead of schedule. Also thanks to our portland state. University students who engaged in three d. printing project sometimes trying to print Twelve floor plans day. They were doing that. Dr holly lawson sent out reprinted machines to use so that our students could create that do visit our website. You have access to those files at access to many other cool things. There are eight years later. Everybody thanks for your time. I want to say thank you to our interpreters and those that provided are closed captioning. It truly makes it an an environment where everyone is included. Qadir bank you. Wsb student is. This is the end of this section and Your possibility your teacher has asked for you to join a different link at two m just for you. You have wonderful words in the chat. You rocked it so great if you are listening for something called an a. c. r. e. p. code if you know what it is off good catch jeff. Healey pie by henry thank you. Hi how they keep coming back over on a friday afternoon rica. first of all. I just want to say regarding the event. Congratulations henry keely. I have heard already from so many people how how pleased they were how much they enjoyed the event in a major leadership. So thank you very much for being for stepping out and for trying something new for helping the event will so we've got Charles that's coming in you. Go and turn your microphone long becky. I think we could probably just stay in the same room you'd like to. Should we wait a few more minutes for others to come in to see if they will just still still early. You know maybe a couple of minutes. We could maybe accurate two more minutes. And then it's also henry and charles. We appreciate you all coming on time through. I respect your time to get you started. Yeah and then that thing If you wanted to put some vicinity breakout room we could go ahead and start so hickey. Leeann henry and charles could go ahead and start on time if you wanted to. Okay yeah that way here. You're getting your commitment over with we. Respect time so Becky did you want me to stay in the main room and for you to go in the break number or do you want a direct to the breakout room with qiwei at returns either way. Let me never assigned a break- room singing a questions ready to. I have the questions ready. I'm ready to go. Well maybe i'll put you in there and then we'll join or you'll stay in this main ornamental. No one else comes them. You'll come out over oral close a breakout room and then walked back. Okay we'll while the recording. We just don't want to mess up with a record okay. I'm just not sure if we can all leave. The main room comes comes tori tori. Hi florida that tory. Yeah amy what do you think should we all. Just start in this room at this point or we could split into two and two and headed start. We'll go ahead and start in this room. Sounds good whoop. Everybody's everybody's ready just to roll on you should i. Should i go ahead and start than key. Want me to kick it off or do to stir What we have this intro to read through. I could do that kick off the questions all right buddy. My name's becky i'ma psu students. And i hoped to organize model matters. I wanna i thank you all for participating. I think it went really well. And i was really impressed with your student. Leadership So thank you for agreeing to participate in today's focus group discussion as you know your parent or guardian received reviewed the consent form for this project. And you also received the assent form and you both agree that it's fine. Free to join the discussion. The purpose of this study is to explore what promote student access. Engagement self-determination in enjoyment during the virtual field trip. We just have six questions for the group and we think that our conversation will last thirty to forty five minutes. So it's your choice to answer or not answer any questions if we start the purpose group and you change your mind about participating. You're welcome to stop. We're going to record the meetings so we can write down. The ideas from the discussion and the recording will not be shared outside of the research team. So that's mean any. This study focuses on your learning experiences at the virtual field trip is considered to be low risk study because the topic of the research is not sensitive or controversial. In right we'll do our best to protect your confidentiality by not using your names in our work in keeping information from our focus group on a us protected server a if you have any questions before or after the focus group. You're welcome to ask them any questions at this time before. We s Speaking right now tori. So why did you guys decide to set this focus. Group of this is amy. I love that question. The whole thing that we're studying here with this This focus group is really your perspectives as leaders. So we wanted. We want to understand from your perspective as students. What you learned about yourself and what you think was effective about the experience. Okay okay sounds good. Okay any other questions okay. We'll we'll go ahead and start recording so that we don't miss anything that you say and thank you reported. Okay so the first question for you guys is describe your role at the virtual field trip afford vancouver tori go ahead. Torie enroll in the fort. Vancouver virtual Threat was a tour guide of the blacksmith shop. Loan to a god bathhouse charles. Charles go ahead. I was a tour guide for the first store. The tune account for the garden for the historic garden akili. You know what's so amazing is all four stations are represented by the force for student leaders. Who are here. I am so excited. Thank you very much already. Entered the first question and the second question goes along with that and it just slipped away from my screen becky. Do you have the second question. The second question is what did you learn about fort. Vancouver by helping to boost this event tori tori between i learned from this is that it's okay to be nervous neon the floor. The blacksmith shop is instead of what so nothing taxes on fire. And i was definitely nervous before the event are. Go ahead charles. The scene i learned is that i should will like tori. I should always so confident in myself. And i did feel confident and that a lot of the tool another thing is a. The tools are going to recover. I learned that they were all made by hands. A like at the blackfish shop and that in like a like a week four week and alexis axes. That's once they learned that would add up to twelve word that Wake the tower at the top left of on your way picture of the foregoing who were the who power. I assume that like they shoot a like china's boy on the jersey of announcements that shift for going into now that's been ashdod ki. Ay y different ways saw people use to make their gardens. Sustainable thank you kelly. Yes and i really appreciate that that you were all very brave and stepping out as tory said feeling nervous. That's something that that everyone who was involved. I'm sure even your teachers felt a little nervous about helping hosts such a big online event. So that's really normal and It is something that you can be very proud of that. She a resisted the third question. You're already rocking through. The questions is what did you learn about yourself or others on the team. Through this process of helping hosts the event tori tori. I learned to be confident is usually what i say. Sometimes give a little nervous. That's a great thing to learn. As i'd be like kind of weird subtypes defense not at all. I think very humid because there. Thank you tori other. charles charles. I learned to be patient. During the event blurting states out excited to be stick. Bright giving yourself more time to pause before responding. Yes yeah that's how it is with me too great others. What did you learn about yourself or others. Through the process of helping host the event which is a atlantic awful. Okay keeley you want to answer anything about that question or different for all different finery I learned about myself that That i can. I can do a lot of stuff. A great great yes. It does take practice to to try new things out at take on new roles league. You were saying something about that. We're all doing tanga processing. You sure this this learning about others to keely that people are all different in that they have different strengths. Swan nice okay. Where it onto the fourth question. Then in your opinion what were the most successful parts of the event and why charles sure most successful event in my opinion was probably when i spoke late carts like i did that pretty well and i felt like i had crisis it a lot and i felt like the practice had paid off healthy so i felt pretty good towards a great feeling. Go ahead torie well for me. It was that i was confident and they did pretty well speaking or i think he did too. I think a lot of people said that about about all of the student leaders that they were impressed with Your confidence in speaking yet. I is like okay. And i think this question too is also about any other parts of the event that you felt were successful. Not just your role. Although your role is very important but What other parts of the event that you thought were successful Can you give them a couple of reminders of some examples of saints. Oh sure mr lowery. Yeah so we. During the event you heard an introduction from tracy's superintendent that the word inch talked about with for was and then megan and i to tour with the tactile out that you had a copy of You also had other things in your learning kits like those artifacts and the three d. printed floor plans of writer i think citing materials easily. What's successful government turned. We were just husks too late space to finish your thought. Okay oh i in my opinion is that on what i saw here when i was practicing it to all the naturally doing it because like for me i feel like it's easier just by myself instead of implantable whole crowd my so i think what will will worry. I agree with that too. Are each founding. Want while to learn a little bit about insurance of buildings it makes you want it to or the support now. Doesn't it when we go in there. Better weather and check all the stuff out. Pretty young before for Skills camp It was tori. Who said that an incident fact. Is i for before birth and moved to To go to school advocates will put a blind eye flirted only important be amazing like we may have lost any. Yeah so i'll jump in. So were there any other things like that. Mr lowery brought up the materials or the different arts of the parts of this slower. You like the different stations. Yeah any of the materials that you received addicts tale increase. Something really quick sure is through speaking by the way to go out in the you know slide show for the two-round before it was kind of loud three right while noises. I saw someone else comments in the chat that that was very loud. I put in the chat. That i write voices i understand may have really good hearing gonna make it clear to understand helping to lead out. Yeah drilled got lost about loss. I wasn't following along with pre fast. It did were you saying something. Heavily count stood. How maquette lenovo clear when the what about those three d. printed floor plans without thought those critical calm right. Okay let's move onto number five two more questions so this one is in your opinion. What parts of the event weren't as successful or could have been improved her to trying to sing o charles who had an opinion kind of went a little long so maybe we could have shortened it and not did the sponsors that have been idea like Like once we lakewood osterloh the question after the panel of The rangers Goodies have been like well. Thank you everybody for joining us. Data circle for hoover. Brian to stop there. We agreed definitely agree. Yeah you thought it was a little long to tori. Select break in the middle. Yeah for me was almost fall asleep. I got a headache near the end. I had to get up for seconds to dislodge around waco ideas about what could have been improved tores tori while sounds great but maybe the person who's the slides lake turn down the volume a little bit and i thought there could have been like a little more towns like my personal like my personal thing and i was like i will allow the fire Most was one. Oh i thought about other thing baby when you during the walking tour. Maybe she'll be inside of the building as you show the exterior Syria i agree. I agree with that. Did you have any thoughts about what could have been improving the interior too. The building not just the outside idea right. Well we have one more question okay. Good number six. How might you use what you learned during this experience in the picture story. Go ahead tory when Be more confident to an ideal more hosting If we ever do like cysts again. I can always take lights. I learned during this and apply them to to this again to like The local of redo the mobility matters again. I could do something like that. Like a playa to save same learned. Yeah he missed. A larry question. Do we do this every year. Or is this just a new thing started re up until last year. We've always taken our pacific history class on a visit field trip to the ford and we did go last year in the fall of schools dismissed kobe. But this is the first year that we've tried anything. Virtual like this in really it. Was you know through the leadership of psu. In collaboration with a lot of folks that we were able to pull together this like big and comprehensive of a of a virtual tour so yes it's brand new for me all of us this year right anyone else have anything else. You wanted to add to that last question. How might be used what you learned during this experience in the super off this amy i got cut off from the internet. Can you hear me. Okay yes yes. Federal pori speaking. Hey tori So i had a question maybe has a follow up about careers or opportunities for jobs or volunteering or what she might use in the future. Could you talk a little bit about anything that comes to mind. In that regard issue learn anything about our kiala. Cheesy or yeah. I wanna be tennessee so set kinda ties endless archaeology on some kind of scientists. Not a archaeologists. Oh and even know Covert going on and everything i saw of. I thought the virtual tour for coverage still weren't really well even know coke charles charles. I wanna be zoologist. When i grow up and i could I could always work for the national park service as woah gist. I want to be a chemist Involved you know randall. We're talking about that. Well i think. Chemistry is involved in archaeology. Tories i do. I think that maybe is. They uncover those fragments of artifacts of historical pieces. That they probably have to use a special procedures there. There may be some other connections with chemistry and zoology charles. That's that is a real interest. The national park does. Many national parks have extensive wildlife living on them land bison of goats That is not out of the question of. Hey is there anything that you learned about jobs that you can think of that. That comes to your mind park service. The park service curled and tracy fortman actually started by volunteering during the summer. May try that sometime and see what it's like to help with. When the year is that they do with the fragments seat. Then i like him sees actually like for it. Put a link that chat for you. It's a little youtube video about how carbon dating works. Which is a direct tie where you would use chemistry archaeological setting. I tapped lincoln. I'm gonna watch the video after this girl you know so i. This is a be speaking. I know that you were saying that. The the ending part was maybe a little drying with the ranger speaking. But i know that that was the part that they wanted to share about their so. If we could make up a little more interesting in the or that we could take your point as leaders about having a little bit of a break so that people can rest their eyes and go to the bathroom and just stretch run talk about careers that might have made it better or easier. Nats for sure definitely definitely taken the of well you very much for your time. Is there anything else you'd like to share with us. Anything that that comes to mind that you'd like to share. Well when benn of these. That i have my tonsils and adenoids removed when i was ten almost eleven in the first grade. Yes this is Lx henry's father so this is for all the student leaders at y'all work hard practice and henry night practiced on the reading and Views pretty nervous. I was nervous a little bit nervous but you all practice and were very successful in two very large group of people. How do you think this experience might make it easier for you. In the future to even present in more information and healthshare learning experiences to other groups even after covid women minutes each other. And that's a really hard one. I'm sorry to say but that is true. When i was really nervous. I practice alike. I practice that in my head by there could be like groups of out not many people other times. That's true that's true vakili to see that it would be a smaller audience. This was with a lot of people today. i think you also made. We heard back from some people who said that their favorite part of the event was you. You all yes was that maybe maybe because use chaired and you were brave and didn't let your fears overcome your ability to participate that other kids may be inspired to take on leadership roles. That's that's i think. That's a huge. I think your your sweats. And you're being nervous really. Being a leader means being responsible being viable needs collaborating with your peers and it also means reflecting back on on how things went during now demonstrating really good leadership skills also i put link to volunteering more about the national park service tap on that you all are now known no leaders with the folks at least at our local national park service office and so i'm so happy with them. They're welcome you. Write your network. I look loves to help out in the national park service sunday because then to help you know with artifacts. Did you know that special process. There's it sounds like we got her question. So we close to wrapping up end before any becky and of us today. The students that are here. I wanted to share with you. Some feedback that mr did i received after the event mr. Helen is our superintendent. Was there. They were mr maccormick. Was there a lot of your fellow. Students were there as participants. So the mr mccollum civically said mr bean i e email and so. I think it's good for us to share that with you. Moved parts of this also. Forgive me if. I got a pause for details. At today's effort from ability matters was truly exceptional said. Each student did an amazing job with their part in couldn't be more proud student. Voice is something that we all are always looking to center in our work in this effort provided authentic opportunity for that and on a national scale. I appreciate that. Our students were meters in this work. Is i hope that you have a wonderful weekend. I know that. I will because of what our students demonstrated today. Smile a lot by the way that it's bad of legal. Think how you inspire your fellow students. Also all right. Well thank you all very very much. We will follow up with mr lowry. And mr be after this event. This is amy speaking. But becky and i are very honored to have this time with us. Thank you for spending your time with us and sharing your insights as student leaders. Thank for my everybody later. Remove recording has stopped across the islands on keiichi. Mb and this is your source for breaking news in the morning news now sunrise. Have breaking news to report out of compton california. Here's a live. Look at a few fire. That is raging right now. This is an an industrial area flames and several structures at least eight houses. I'm sorry eight buses. No injuries reported so far. It's not clear exactly what caused it. We'll keep you posted. I in a panel decides today on whether to recommend the johnson and johnson vaccine. We're going to tell you who would benefit the most from the one dose shots approval department of homeland wants to buy this large property and beach now once input on what to do with it. Casey llamas live with more on that proposal and a man is shot while walking dogs belonging to lady gaga. Now there's a massive reward for the return of the superstars. Beloved pets witnesses share. What happened in the attack and what they saw. Meanwhile wendy yesterday to be windy day but a little less. Yeah you're right. The winds are expected to ease up someone tonight but just a little bit. Still going to be brisk and breezy and pick up again. On saturday night. There will be some passing showers but another disturbance moving towards maui and the big island could trigger some thunderstorms there tomorrow and the east swells generated by those strong winds continues so the high surf advisory continues are going to be a little bit of something something with regard to sell schwarzer. So that wind advisory extended until tonight for parts of maui county parts of the big island those areas shaded in yellow could get gusts upwards of forty five miles an hour that could lead to down trees. Maybe even some spotty thunderstorms we'll have a closer look at it. Seventy forecasts coming up in a few minutes. Now let's see what's going on out in the roads lacey and just one problem to tell you about. We've got us power outage over in the white nine unequally areas in west who just under forty customers are impacted so far. I've been checking in on. Some of the traffic lights are working. But if for some reason it goes out treated as an elway stop traffic flow as you had tombaugh that's whooping nicely right here through nanakuli and all the way onto the h one freeway also. We now have the zipper open at the managers drive. Overpass enlight killing so smooth. Drive this morning as you're heading in from the west and taking a look at the map no other hotspots to tell you about that. Then things that courses at thanks a lot guys. It's bubble one right now the. Us could have its third cova vaccine very soon and fda panel will vote on whether to recommend johnson and johnson's one shot vaccine today. If the committee votes in favor of the vaccine will likely get full approval the single vaccine is sixty six percent effective against the virus. While that is lower than pfizer. And madonna here. A couple of things to consider. Johnson and johnson's vaccine is a hundred percent effective against hospitalizations and deaths experts. Say that is what is really important here. It has also been tested against some of the variant strains if given emergency authorization today health officials. Tell us that. The one shot vaccine could be in hawaii as soon as next week. It is well suited for homebound people. Those in rural areas inmates the homeless and high school and college students a new shot. That's effective i would take. Most of my friends do agree that we should be getting the vaccine as soon as possible. A third major vaccine also means that the state in hospitals can open up more clinics experts. Say that by. May the state could be giving out a hundred thousand shots every week. Having today's state lawmakers will hold an informational briefing on what he's vaccine plan. There will be updates from the state department of health on vaccine distribution availability for those seventy and older and more details on as one c of the state's plan. That briefing is going to be streamed live at one pm. You can find it on the hawaii. Senate youtube page. January was another dismal tourism month dampened by quarantine. And it wasn't just here. Howard is here to explain powered morning guys. Even as hawaii sought to safely ease quarantine rules west coast. Jurisdictions went the other way seattle and portland recommended ten days self quarantine for residents returning from trips san francisco and los angeles required visitors down eighty percent from last year. Coli down more than ninety six percent the naval facilities engineering command at pearl awards. A california based construction venture forty two million dollars in business to build a better missile base on guam same location better infrastructure and mississippi based vertex. Wins twenty five million on work on airborne threats simulator. Some of that work to be done on kauai. The biden plan for a fifteen dollar. Minimum wage could founder in the senate. The neutral parliamentarian says senate rules do not allow putting in cova dade. The house expects a vote on colvin stimulus today. And i'm reading that the house vote will still include the minimum wage which means the bill cannot possibly pass the senate the way it's being written on wall street this morning. The dow is down more than two hundred points guys. Thanks department of homeland is seeking beneficiary input on what to do with an eighty acre piece of land at a beach. Rtc line is live this morning with more on this. Hey casey hey. Good morning guys. This is the old pacific nami warning center here in ever that eighty acre parcel of land that you're talking about acquiring it would use up a ten million dollars of a sixteen point nine million dollar credit that the hawaiian homelands trust has with the federal government. First morning though we're taking a closer look at the weightless for housing through the dhl beneficiary study was released last month showing just how long people are waiting in. Why we'll dig into why in just a moment but first here are some of the numbers. Twenty one percent of beneficiaries has spent more than thirty years on a list. Nineteen percent twenty one to thirty years and eleven percent of waiting sixteen to twenty years. That means more than half have been waiting for more than fifteen years. Most of the people on the list are fifty five and older. They make up more than sixty nine percent. Forty nine percent. Turn down an award more than once. Twenty-seven percent turned down an award. Once and twenty four percent have never turned down an award from. Dhl there on the wait list. That does not mean that they were never offered housing. In fact at least forty nine percent say they've turned down an offer more than ones but d. h. l. officials say that number could be higher because survey respondents might have been confused about understanding when they've been offered an award here are some of the reasons they said for declining offers. Keep in mind that more than one choice was allowed. And that's why the total above one hundred percent fifty one percent didn't like the location thirty five percent say they were simply not ready. Twenty five percent. Say they didn't have enough money for the down. Payment twenty two percent were worried they would need to find a new job. Fifteen percent said their income was too low to qualify for the mortgage for that property. Eleven percent said the housing prices were too high. Nine percent said they would have to relocate and finding a job eight percent said they didn't like the unit that was offered a dha h. l. Spokesperson said that one of the challenges they face rewarding locations is that they can only build where they have. The land plus a lot of people are unwilling to move. Say if you live in oh hey moving to nanakuli might be a problem because you have roots on the windward side. He also points out. The beneficiaries would not have to move islands. They can get on the wait list and wait for the island of their choice. So we're going to have a discussion. I know that was a lot of numbers to throw you. We'll be speaking with the chair. The deputy chair from the about this piece of land and a lot of other really important topics stick with us throughout the morning. Johnson right. All right thanks casey. Fresh produce protein in milk. That's all going to be given out to about five hundred families in kabul today the salvation army is holding a food distribution event at the kroc center that is from ten. Am through eleven. Thirty am lady gaga. A half a million dollar reward to get her dogs back this morning. We have new footage of the moment. Those dogs were stolen and the men. Walking the dogs were shot. Two suspects were involved. You're going to see how this went down coming up. I though native hawaiians wanting more say in the management of monica there are two bills in the state legislature. That would give it to them. We look for that next guy aggressive. Sixty five degrees in hilo. That's one of the coldest spots of all the reporting stations and not as windy there. But make no mistake about it. There are parts of the big island getting rousted by those strong and gusty winds and that will likely continue for the next several days. We'll have more on that coming up.

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chapter 57 Friday Febuary 26

daily podcast

5:04:09 hr | 6 months ago

chapter 57 Friday Febuary 26

"This podcast is sponsored by gather federal credit union your local hawaii nissan dealers. Ama doctors waikiki. All things new hawaii and dunkin hawaii from a cross stylise on this is your source for breaking news news. Now i i. At four hawaii's unemployed fed up this afternoon. Dozens who lost their jobs in the pandemic march to the state capital demanding answers. They want the state labor department to open the unemployment office and processes benefits on time but some state lawmakers say. They're doing the best. They can chelsea davis here with both sides chelsea. Yeah mark ash. Demonstrators wanted to make sure their requests for help was loud and clear organizers. Say some people have been without pay for almost half a year. they've helped form rallies over the last six months and they say the labor department denies every invite to a ten. The group wants the seat to re open the unemployment office to the public so more people can be helped they ally are saying they're afraid to open up because they'd be overwhelmed by too many people but that's the problem they created by keeping it close. I think they just create a bigger problem. Tell you every day all of us. Legislators get these. Desperate pleas calls from our constituents. People are on their these literally begging. Because as sergio mentioned they can't pay their rent there to not be able to afford to provide for the basic needs of their family for their old. The unemployment office has been closed to person services for nearly a year now. Both the state and organizers of today's rally says the labor department is doing their best lockers are working to get more bodies to help process claims and hope. They can reopen to in person services to chelsea davis hawaii news. Now thank you charles. While jobless workers protests poor service the state legislature moved swiftly to protect their employers from higher taxes companies and nonprofit agencies were facing unemployment tax hike because of the surge in claims. The money needed to cover more than a billion dollars in claims. Lawmakers and business leaders introduced a bill to prevent those increases. But we know it's going to be a long path towards economic recovery but this is definitely a one a compelling definitely important issue l. a top priority for us governor ige is expected to sign the bill lawmakers say they still hope to find money to cover the unemployment shortfall by budget reorganization and new federal aid state reports four more covert related deaths to on. Who end to on maui. There are also fifty new infections. Twenty four on maui. Sixteen on who to on the big island one on coeli and remaining cases were reported on states. The world's first one shot covert vaccine is another step closer to emergency use authorization. Researchers found that johnson and johnson's single-dose vaccine is eighty five percent effective at preventing severe covert vials also could be stored at normal refrigeration temperatures for three months. The fda is expected to make a final decision on johnson. And johnson's vaccine in the coming days. Longs drugs is offering vaccine appointments at four new locations on oahu. It's to have a beach. I know high not an easy lay and also to the kylo corner alongs on the big island. A spokesperson says roughly forty-six hundred doses of pfizer vaccine will be available for patients in the one. Beef as registrations are open at cvs dot com. He's woolcock medical center. Is taking new appointments for kupuna seventy five years and who wants to get their first kovic. Shot appointments are open friday and next week. Monday the veterans memorial hospital and these samuel martin lana memorial hospital will also vaccine clinics on those days. You'll have to register online at wilcox. Health dot org slash vaccine and in just the past our honolulu. Police announced the end of their krona virus. Email and hotline. Because it's getting fewer tips just about ten calls and to emails every day. The program launched last august and has received more than thirty two thousand calls and emails. Hp callers can so reportcovid rule. Violators by calling. Nine one one. It mckee officers arrested. A man after a barricade situation it started around nine this morning at an apartment building on young street near pensacola. Investigators say twenty seven year old. Neil ray barricaded himself in his room. After threatening his roommate with a kitchen knife. he surrendered to police after about two hours. No one was hurt. Diver was hospitalized after he ran into trouble in waters off kyalo base in this morning. Emergency medical services say it appears the man in his forties. Return to the surface to quickly. He was rushed to the hospital in serious condition. Golf great tiger woods is awake and responsive was in in california crash. The forty-five-year-old was driving to eight television. Shoot when his se crashed into a median and rolled over. Jay great. has the update. As tiger woods begins his recovery inside this california hospital. We're getting a better idea of what doctors described as significant orthopedic injuries to his right leg. He had multiple fractures. So when you go in surgically they have to repair all those pieces piece them all back together and make sure it's stable surgeons spent several hours preparing woods fibula and tibia where a rod was put in place along with a combination of screws and pins used to stabilize injuries to his foot and ankle opposed to a social media account. This morning says he is awake and responsive over with the golfing. Legend was injured in a single car accident on a winding road about thirty miles. South of downtown los angeles firefighters using an axe and pry-bar to pull woods from his mangled. Suv that they say was traveling at a relatively greater speed than normal when it hit the center median than rolled several times. Deputy carlos gonzales was the first officer at the scene. I don't think he was aware of how gravely he was injured at the time. It could be a mixture of adrenaline. It could have been shock again. It was very quick stunned. Fans and fellow athlete sharing their concern and support online some wondering if he'll return to competition but right now there's a more immediate concern about you. Know his quality of life and being there for his kids. And that's the most important thing right now. Dr say woods will spend several months in rehab and recovery. Jay gray hawaii news now in the wake of a deadly winter storm last week. Texas governor is promising answers to community members outraged by the state's main. Power operator governor greg. Abbott addressed at the stay just a few hours ago days. After extending subfreezing temperatures caused widespread outages. Abbott says the electric reliability council of texas repeatedly assured state leadership. They were prepared for such an event. Those assurances turned out to be false. We now know that power generators of all sources were not prepared for this severe winter weather. We have also learned that. Urquhot operators shut. It acted quicker to stabilize the grid. After prevent power generators for being knocked offline. The storm is blamed for at least eighty deaths. And that number is expected to rise governor. Abbot says the state is also looking into reports of skyrocketing power bills from last week he says residents will not have their power shut off because of unpaid bills on the investigate and now for a look at the conditions here at home. Here's guy honky. Well we've been telling you about this for the last several days. Then it's come to pass right. It's very very windy out there. Especially in maui. County no these are sustained winds some places have got gusts almost forty miles an hour and as such there was a handful of weather related alerts posted all coastal waters are under a small craft advisory. We still have large waves rolling into the ish. Or that's a high surf advisory but more urgent. The wind advisory posted for parts of maui county and the big in these areas shaded in yellow could get gusts upwards of fifty miles an hour and that could lead to spotty power outages so be careful out there other more details on the windy weather coming up in a little bit now. Let's have more details on the traffic. Thank you very much hockey heading west on the h. one freeway. Hbd is heading to a two car accident right at the white box exit. Fsp as already on-scene traffic heading to the west side from the halava exit h one freeway the radford pedestrian overpass also in town on the h. One eastbound from olen puna how no accidents to report to the windward side on any roach from the city and county of the traffic management center. I'm danielle tucker back to you ash. This podcast is sponsored by gather federal credit union. Good things happen here. Your local hawaii nissan dealers h. m. a. We're passionate about your health doctors. Waikiki hawaii best. Urgent care all things. New hawaii dream design build and dunkin hawaii. How he runs on dunkin. Welcome to nine to five. Mac daily for friday february twenty. Sixth twenty twenty one. i'm chance miller. We are sponsored this week by figures leading off today apple has released mac. Os big sur. Eleven dot to dot to to the public. The update brings a fix for macbook air and macbook pro users with apple saying it prevents those models from incurring damage when they are connected to third party. Usb c hubs and docks apple specifically says at this update addresses the issue for two thousand nineteen or later macbook pro models and twenty twenty or later macbook air models the full release notes. Explain quote macos big sur eleven dot to dot to prevents macbook pro twenty nineteen or later in macbook air twenty twenty or later models from incurring damage when they are connected to certain third party. Noncompliant powered usb c hubs and ducks end quote. Unfortunately apple doesn't provide additional information about this problem. So it's unclear whether some mac users have experienced this damage worth apple's updates. Our preemptive hubs in docs are common accessories for macbook users nowadays with apple having switched to an all usb c and thunder design so users rely on these hubs many of which are not certified to add ports like usb a and hd back to their laptops so you can update your mac now to the latest version of big sur. Go into the software update menu. In the system preferences application the update is available to all big sur users and does not limited just to affected machines. So if you use a hub hub or dock with your macbook. We recommend updating sooner rather than later in other news apple is investigating ways to enhance. Its siri voice assistant for users with atypical speech patterns. The company confirmed these efforts to the wall. Street journal saying that. It's leveraging its podcast library for speech samples that could train syria to adapt to users. Who speak with stutter. As part of this research apple has built a bank of twenty eight thousand audio clips from podcasts featuring stuttering for now apple relies on its whole to talk feature as a method for interacting with siri without the voice assistant cutting off users with slower speech patterns than it's tuned for but physically interacting with a device isn't always convenient currently for users who speak with a stutter. The current version of siri commonly interprets pauses in speech as the end of a voice command. This prevents siri from reaching its full potential for those customers so expanding the type of speech that siri is able to recognize will go a long way and making it more accessible in a research paper on the topic. Apple says that the ability to automatically detect stuttering events in speech could help speech pathologist track and individuals fluency overtime or help improve speech recognition systems for people with atypical speech. Patterns apple adds that despite increasing interest in this area. Existing public data sets are too small to build. Generalize disfluencies detection systems and lack sufficient. Annotations which is why. Its undertaking this new project. The research paper also acknowledged that the current approach to tuning siri for this fluency is only one approach and there remains an opportunity to improve the effort using language models and other methods so finally apple concludes that while its current research focuses on users who stutter future research should explore other categories and characteristics as. Well we are sponsored this week by app figures. Do you want to get the numbers behind popular apps and games this weekend. Apps is a new newsletter from that round up mobile insights and trends every week. It's data i with no fluff. You can sign up for free at app. Figures dot com slash newsletter. This weekend apps is a highlight of my inbox every friday. And you don't wanna miss out. That's at figures dot com slash newsletter. My thanks to app figures for their support of nine to mac daily drowned out this week. Let's check in with blair outland from nine to five toys. Who has details on. Some of the best apple deals to get you ready for the weekend all of the weekends. Best apple deals are headlined by selection of apple's latest and previous generation ipad pro on sale for four hundred seventy dollars. Our topic is the previous generation. Twelve point nine inch ipad pro wi fi two hundred and fifty six gig model for seven hundred and seventy dollars in certified refurbish condition down from its original. One thousand one hundred and forty nine dollars going right. Today's offer amounts to three hundred seventy nine dollars in savings and marks one of the best discounts todate. Apple's previous generation ipad pros retina edged edge displays with promotion true tone and wide color support. That's alongside apple's a twelve x biotic chip to power the experience as well as face. Id a twelve megapixel camera around back and of the ten hours of battery life per charge next up. No mad is currently offering nine five raiders and exclusive offer on its lightning carbon caribbean for seventeen dollars and fifty cents down from its usual thirty five dollar going rate. You're saving fifty percent here with today's offer march one of the lowest. We've seen sedates nomads. Carbon caribbean or isn't essential everyday. Carry upgrade thanks to ensuring. You'll always have way to fuel your iphone airpods and more on hand on top of being able to clip to your bag. It packs a lightning connector on one side and a usb port on the other plugging into wall adapters power banks and more and about today anchors ending the week with a new sale via official amazon storefronts discounting a collection of iphone and android a central's usb and more from fifteen dollars. Headlining is the anchor. Sound corps life q. Thirty anc headphones for sixty eight dollars which are down from the usual ninety dollars going right and marking one of the best. We've seen today. It's anchor sound corps life q. Thirty headphones deliver active noise cancelling alongside and over ear design. That's backed by up to forty hours of battery life per charge. You'll also count on a lightweight. Built here alongside forty millimeter drivers to round out the package. And don't forget that you'll find all the other weekends. Best deals over and ninety. Five toys dot com. That wraps up another week of nine to five mac daily as always. If you like the show please be sure to subscribe in podcast app in overcast or wherever you listen every day and while you're there it's very helpful to us if you leave us a five star rating and review again. My thanks to app figures for their support of nine to five mac daily this week be sure to check them out at the link in the show notes below. You can find all of the latest news on nine to five. Mac dot com. Follow me on twitter at chance h. Miller and be shared a comeback on monday for a new week of apple news. This podcast is brought to you by american savings bank hades friday february twenty six and this is now on. H n n not detected further translation. This just in this morning officials report the presence of a new. Kobe variant in the state about putting vaccinations in the arm. Money in the pocket children in the schools president biden's covid relief. Bill is winding its way through the house but democrats in the senate lose out on a key provision. I'm stephen portnoy at the white house. Where aid say. Mr biden is disappointed as we evolve. We can get them. Maybe get there sooner rather than later. I'll who is now in tier three which means fewer restrictions but use. Sports have not reopened as part of this tier mayor. Rick blend yard. He says he's trying to change that. Whole the league's accountable. These stories plus bruno. Mars has a new album and band in the works. Those details coming up on this now. Good afternoon thanks for watching. This is now on this. Aloha friday marks in for ashleigh. Today we want to get straight to the latest corona virus numbers being reported by the state new data released moments ago shows forty four new cases in two deaths. This comes a day after all who moved into tier three of its reopening for more information on a county by county breakdown of infections and to hawaii news now dot com so market wanted to pull this live picture coming from washington. Dc a lot of news coming out of the capital today. Congress is expected to pass. Joe biden's american rescue plan that kovic relief out of the house of representatives sometime today. We're talking hours now. It's expected to become law next month but democrats lost portion of that plan. Here's steven portnoy with more on that. The house is preparing to vote on the president's one point nine trillion dollar covert relief package. We have the ability to crush this virus and get more resources where they are badly needed. The package includes fourteen hundred dollar stimulus checks for individuals. Earning less than seventy five thousand dollars a year. It boosts federal employment payments to four hundred dollars a week it also includes funding for school reopenings assistance for rent and food money for vaccine distribution and aid for state and local governments. The bill will likely pass with few if any republican votes. We already know. What is the best stimulus. Plan out there. Just fully reopen our economy. The house bill contains a fifteen dollars an hour. Minimum wage provision but in the senate parliamentarians has a cancer vine the process that democrats are using to avoid a gop filibuster here at the white house. Aides say the president is disappointed by that decision but respected. We are committed to finding the best path forward to increase in the minimum wage. And that will require a number of conversations with leaders in congress and members committed to this issue moving forward senate majority leader chuck schumer is considering a new provision that would tax corporations that don't pay their workers at least fifteen dollars an hour steven portnoy. Cbs news the white house. The department of health has given us an update on various of covid nineteen in the state. Here's some of what was said just a short time ago in a media briefing so the ones that we'd found are the key to strain. This is an interesting strain found originally in brazil and it's remarkable because it has a mutation on which we call of the for four k mutation and this mutation is associated with reduced effect of antibodies. So if people form. Antibodies in response to vaccine or antibodies in response to infection with the previous strain those antibodies might be less effective in neutralizing the virus of protecting us. Now notice. i say less protective I did sit there. Not protect commute today. Mayor rick blend. Trt with some new details about how he wants us. Sports including practicing games to resume as soon as possible within oahu tier three. Here's what he had to say this morning on sunrise. I've said this repeatedly. I don't wanna be clear as i've talked to the officials who constructed this the biggest concern about youth sports sports in general is the tendency for people to gather to watch them to play so one of the restrictions. We're going to ask among the league's as we begin hopefully get permission to give permits. Have people start to register their time periods for fields. We're going to hold the league's accountable not to gather people on the sidelines. It's tempting that might be and to keep that at bay if few will to clarify mayor. Are you talking about bringing new sports within tier three tier system. That we're in right now. I want to call three plus a few will. I think there's room for modification. On that. Again i said it really is because the assumptions were made when they can when they wrote. The tears didn't call account for having four hundred thousand people vaccinated by early march. We've already sanctioned it in the schools as it is part of the athletic experience unfortunate. Schools have not been there. So if you want to ask me about. Is it physiologically safe while we want the kids to wear masks. We believe that they can do that. And compete We just don't want large gatherings on the sidelines and we think that that's good. It's not just the physiological aspects of kids running and breathing hard and playing. It's all the psychological aspects as well and they've been isolated for all year year. It's been really important for them. You the idea of going to practices having coaches. The peer dynamics with their teammates were so many benefits to allowing young people to be able to out there and get their employees. And so that's the biggest thing we're going to do is it. Has to have kids be able to play sports without the typical things that have gone on in the past of the families gathered on the sidelines. And you know doing all kinds of things with food and potluck and everything else. So what happens as we move forward. Are you going to keep the tier system. Pretty much as is as far as tier forest concern. And then what happens after cheer for will we ever get back to a life. Free feel normal. what grace. I don't have a crystal ball. And i don't have the ability to predict the future and you've known me long enough to that's true. Is that the aspiration. Sure i think you you listen to the language of the day and people talk about the new norm. The fact is on tier four. We are ready very well on our way because one of the major drivers in the tier system was to have low transmission rates and not to have a burden on the hospitals. That is actually what's going on right now. We just have to achieve those other. Metrics is public school. Seniors can't celebrate within person graduations. This year the department of education announced that in-person ceremonies can be held outdoors or in space with quote adequate ventilation graduates can only have up to two members from their household. No other guests will be allowed the. Do the number of guests may be fewer depending on the school temperature. Checks will also be required. Logistics are still being worked out such as protocol for distribution as cova counts. Drop more kids. Are heading back to classrooms. But there's only so much space for distancing and ventilation mahir lonnie. Richardson shows us. How some schools are coming up with solutions. It's nearly twenty thousand dollar. Donation of event ends from an unlikely benefactor dies how the temptation island tv show which filmed on moee. Six event tents went to key hey schools millennia elementary local intermediate key. Hey elementary and key. Hey charter school. This enables us to take more classes outdoors with shady. You know on our campus and further provide ventilation which enables for safer learning key. Charter has six hundred. Fifty students k through twelve. The head of school says bringing kids back safely with six feet. Distancing has been a challenge is is amazed that we needed to create for skip to safely adapt. Some of our schools are very poorly. Ventilated representative tina. While berger says teachers wanted safe but some schools lack space and were built with little ventilation. We put the two-tenths at the schools that had the greatest need for example calmly elementary was built during the height of the campaign. Burning the deal. He says there are one hundred. Sixty two thousand students. Seven and a half percent are in person. Full-time sixty six and a half percent are blended and twenty. Six percent are online by choice. It comes to slowing the spread of covid. Nineteen school superintendent christina. Kishi moto says the cdc guidance as students can be closer than six feet as long as other. Safety precautions are in place in the d. number one metric that will look into modifies the six the social distancing that modification. We can't fully reopen any of our schools because there just isn't enough space to adhere to six feet representative while berger says he hopes to get more tents to schools to bring more kids back to an outdoor class. My hail any richardson. Hawaii news down new today. Saudi arabia's crown prince approved an operation to kill and capture a us based journalist inside the saudi consulate in istanbul. That's according to a newly declassified. Us intelligence report released today. The report could escalate pressure on the biden administration to hold the kingdom more hannibal for the murder that drew international outrage so the central conclusion of this report was widely expected given that intelligence officials were said to have reached it soon after the brutal october. Two thousand. Eighteen murder of jamal kashogi now. He was a well. Known critic of crown prince mohammad salman consolidation of power the. Us has taken its first known. Military action approved by president biden. It was an overnight airstrike along the iraq syria border. Tina krause has developing details. President biden took no questions about the us military airstrikes. He ordered in syria as he headed to texas this morning. The overnight attack targeted iranian backed militia members in eastern syria near the iraqi border. The pentagon says the strike was a response to recent attacks in iraq that killed a civilian contractor and wounded a us servicemember. Cbs news has learned. The mission was meant as payback for putting americans at risk but also calibrated to not raise tensions with iran and targeted. We after we know what we did. The biden administration says it consulted with coalition partners before launching the strike occurs iraqis to investigate and develop intelligence and that was very helpful to us in moscow. The russian foreign minister says the us gave them just a few minutes of advance warning. Russia is a close ally of syria and is condemning. The attack tina krause. Cbs news new data shows both the pfizer and dern co vaccines are as safe in the real world as they were in clinical trials out of fifty five million doses administered only a hundred thousand adverse reactions emerged and only six percent were considered serious the cdc keep guidelines recommending people who receive inoculation remain on safe observation for fifteen to thirty minutes. Meanwhile the fda has authorized visor and bio intex vaccines to be stored in conventional pharmaceutical freezers for up to two weeks. Right now the vaccine has to be stored in ultra low temperatures health experts. Hope that change will get more shots to rural communities. The us could soon get a third vaccine option. Fda panel vote today on johnson and johnson alison blur tells us how soon the state could get it. If it's approved and johnson and johnson gets emergency use authorization. The first does it. The vaccine could be in hawaii and the next seven to fourteen days because it is a single does it means it's ideal for certain population. Health officials say that can include people who are homebound or those who have a hard time getting around and residents of rural areas far from vaccinations sites. They say it's also a good option for people who are incarcerated the homeless population and for students over the age of sixteen. while the vaccine's efficacy rate stands at seventy two percent lower than pfizer and moderna. It's proven to prevent hospitalizations shot that defective. I would take many students at the university of hawaii. Say they're eager to be immunized. Most of my friends do agree that we should be getting the vaccine as possible under the state's vaccine. Rollout plan right. Now we the school's faculty and staff are eligible for the shot. Students fall under face to which isn't expected to start until summer. Health officials say the addition of the johnson and johnson vaccine will allow them to open more sites and expand the ones they already have so they can get shots into arms. Quicker right now facilities are administering up to fifty thousand vaccines a week in the maybe april mates on frame. I think there's a very realistic possibility that we could be doing. A hundred plus thousand shots a week across the state of hawaii alison blaire. Who use now and literally as that story was cnn. Sent out a push alert saying that does. Fda advisors recommended the approval of that johnson and johnson vaccine so giving you the latest up-to-date minute right there we'll post it up for you on the digital platforms. Meanwhile taking it outside still a little bumping around on camera there. Marc look at that beautiful day though is are you with update of how that also important weekend forecast is looking. How's it on this aloha friday. It's gonna be a windy or friday's whether it's a windy weekend. The winds are expected to back down ever so slightly tonight. Didn't come back up with the speed by tomorrow. There's also a disturbance moving in from the east and southeast expected to impact the east and windward sides of maui and the big island with more rain starting tonight. A flash flood watch will be posted for the one winward sides of maui and the big the rest of the state and almost won't see a whole lot of rain just a few passing showers so four today we are expecting lots of leeward sunshine. Uv index indicates that. It's going to be very high. And there's still high surf alerts. Small craft advisories joe warning on for the waters around maui and the big island and that high surf advisory has been extended through the weekend. Even though there's a slight drop on the shores today so we're going to be big choppy into a large extend dangerous. Small swells rolling into northwest and even south shores. So it's gonna be a very very windy stretch over the next several days tuna today winds running fifteen to thirty with some stronger gusts slightly slower but still very gusty over the weekend into next week and again we'll see our fair share of passing showers. Keep it here on way news that we'll have all your severe weather. Updates tiger woods has been transferred to a new los angeles hospital after his accident earlier. This week the golf legend with initially being treated at harbor. Ucla medical center. But the hospital says he's continuing his orthopedic care and recovery at cedar sinai hospital about twenty miles away. The reason for the transfer has not been released but cedar sinai is known for its sports. Rehab center would suffered significant leg injuries. After tuesday's accident we're told he broke bones in more than two pieces in injuries even pierce the skin new at noon. A little girl has wound up in a great deal of trouble after spending more than three thousand dollars grandparents. Amazon account got me ruckus with more on her shopping spree. League rabovsky is awfully smart for a seven year old lena's pretty quiet but evidently very mischievous rightly so she's a leader of the pack so she is the one who always comes up with different ideas. She recently had one of those brilliant ideas while using her grandparents. I pat evidently. Lear got bored with kids. Youtube decided to go on the shopping spree on her arizona. Cow grandfather told her she could choose a gift worth twenty dollars. But within about fifteen minutes lia had picked out eighty different items racking up a thirty two hundred dollar bill. The second grader had to admit to her parents what she does semi watches. Lucky hockey's while she bought toys for herself. Leah also got some gifts for her cousins and she ordered to refrigerators for her grandparents on accident in afternoon. Some of the boxes came and then the next day even more boxes came the next day. Even more boxes came. They were able to cancel a few shipments before they arrived. But the rest had to be returned and leah's grandparents are still waiting to get all of their money back. We clearly a very smart girl but did you ever imagine she could take it. This far. no no never not in our wildest dreams you have to start much sooner than seven explaining to children. Money doesn't grow on the tree. As a consequence leah lost her screen time. Privileges leah. did you learn your lesson. A lesson learned the hard way. Naomi welcome. Cbs news new york. At least grandma. Grandpa got a refrigerator or refrigerator. Deal at least you did prime or was it pay for shipping over and over you guys. Just get to some other news. Internet is talking about today. And here's another pandemic things zoom zoom. They're now going to be offering free closed. Captioning starting this fall. I could see some potential troubles Happening they're the online meaning platform says account holders. Who want to try it out. Before the wide scale released can put in a request to zoom. You know when you have the cat and in court ever seen in all sorts of zoom fails of. What kind of problems could this spring. When they're trying to translate exactly. Of course things will still get lost in translation of sure the transcription will still pick up the very beginning of the zoom. Where it's can you hear me on. Can you till down a bit house my picture. Does this look alright. And it's the background screen. Exactly there's going to be a lot of fun conversations with it Also we've heard of disneyland. We've heard of legoland how about a land dedicated to pepe pig. You told me about pepo okay. This morning so much about this as twins get older. No house has announced plans for a pepe pig theme park in two thousand twenty two. All centered on the popular tv show on. It's going to be right. Next to legoland florida resort It's going to include rides interactive attractions themed to playscapes and muddy puddles. So when the world gets back to normal in some capacity there's going to be a lot of people that pepe pig land on you and how what's coming your way. We've heard about the the plant based meat craze. Well you can expect it to move into more fast food chains. The company beyond meat says it has signed a deal with mcdonalds which will feature more plan burgers as well as plant based chicken pork and egg products also be teaming up with young brands which operates. Kfc pizza hut and topple. Jonathan love it. I've never had beyond meat products. Yeah and pizza. Hut was offering by beyond pete meat. Pizza we talked about it here on this is now i enjoyed it and they took it away from me. Yeah so how. Would you describe the flavor flavors. Yeah you just tastes. The seasoning really The it's all about texture with these fake meat products. But i'd say there is pretty spot on especially when you're talking about things like process sausages and things like that they're easy to imitate and the is that i loved it. I loved it. I really wouldn't drink me if you put the two in front of me you while they'll be more bringing they can you bring it back. They'll be more chances to try it about this story. The tsa often finds some unusual items in screenings. This was exceptional the and their list of top ten catches of twenty twenty eight dead baby shark. In a jar a passenger tried to take it through a syracuse airport now. Apparently traveling with a live fish in water is legal. But the tsa had a problem with the liquid chemical preservatives. That's what they had a problem prize. That's the most shocking. Really thing that tsa found because remember those used to be like taurus items in florida and things like you could get a bb. This i've seen. I mean it was like an eighty thing and it's totally not pita approved or proof but it used to be thinks. I'm i'm surprised. It's the most shocking thing. It's also very disturbing other notable items. Include a slingshot a book holding concealed knives and assault rifle marijuana stashed in a shampoo bottle and a hand meets solar panel with explosive potential. All the stories among tsa yeah. Let's get some good news. In a former major league. Baseball player is really rocking. His new talents to fight discrimination. We got donya baucus with more on that most important today. If you ask my johnson about his art career never played baseball. He'll tell you it was one of life's balls. Yes play by jesse. He was used to those spending years as a professional baseball player. With teams. Like the los angeles dodgers. In fact baseball helped him discover his love of art. Our manager at the time. Dave roberts was calling all the new guys up to the front and asking them what what they like to do. I play piano. And i was too embarrassed to say that. Because he was making guys do things. They said they'd like to do so. I was like you know. I like to paint because i did a painting class before. And he said okay. You make a painting of maury will the rigor and passion. He displayed on the field. He now applies to the canvas using charcoal to create faces of young black children. His inspiration conversation with his four year old nephew nephew nationals could be black. I thought it was unique and kind of interesting because here he was gonna watch tv baseball on. Tv right cheating my dream. Yeah he's still felt like there are limitations to extremes. Johnson hopes children see themselves through his art and it helps remove those limits. His work now fills the walls of the art. Angels gallery in west hollywood. I'm sa- conduit and i'm trying to really inspire the next generation and give them other options. He believes art has the power to change an impact lives and his journey shows. The options are endless. Don you back is. cbs news. Los angeles he just barely mentioned it there but what he said is coach was having his team do way back in the day having them tell what their other talent other than baseball was and then he made them do it. Sounds a little intimidating but very cool coach idea obviously sparked a whole new thing for him and really some exceptional artwork that we were seeing very very. Yeah maybe it. Make it over here to powwow day. You guys are gonna do it for. This is now on this aloha friday. We've made it the weekend is here marks going to be back with you on cage at first forests so he'll see it in one. This podcast is brought to you by american savings bank real life real answers do basically talk about what the shelf was used for. Its current with what we do what they doing currently and help the nice so if he if we didn't have code when you doing us live or i do it at the fourteenth in line. How's it going for one minute to get in as it seems. Mr john comes on of from from the social here at trouble with his computer. This weird thing for sure we wait. Whoa on more one. More minute seized. Anyone else joins us. Dt head bts has more faster shine nearly the main to the has faster music other. what is shiny yes. I s. h. i. n. e. a. Follow off. I don't see anyone houses triple with my wife by after everything the data all okay continue. I j marnie housing gallon round. Get back to moon. You're right got a crew. Now we are low on my list. So have healy. He is here seon. She's here in this sake day. Career mr whereas mr we can't be right. Everyone got similar em around ready to get going on friday already at. Let's do this was shown for spurs. I should say. Does anyone have any for today. I don't wanna just assume we're doing the same thing. Anyone have any requests now. Okay jill a circle around. He had the head lose anything. Just go ahead and stir at side side or you've been served with all the way round yard leads. Go sure egging those show. There's forward word sure stalled. There is bass arms out like an airplane. Big arm services forward big on circles backwards. Jeff hand pin to your up with your left hand. Been your rice big on on your own side to side benz and let me just as high as we hear and read down in clutch co again. Mr john like you need to move this morning. That's your laura raged or you down when we're done though openness legs and nice in wide leads been the right and the left leg astray feeling that stretch on the inside of that leg hold fairs and rotate to the left media leg jury. I don't know what i'm on. Whatever lay you've been then the other one go back and forth side the side. Stir at the inside of those lay eggs. Put your hands on your head. Sent twist right in left. Let's pouring aren't needs to our chests. lasts and heels to your bottom. He badeah her left or right left breed. Were sitting in that shares. What down and stand up. Find something to hold onto to you and let's legs swing move that lay a leg. Swing opening up that if extra blood flow to that area play other legs swaying all right. It is time for our morning jog. And guess what is your best. You've got says let's get going clear moving you there. Lamar really fast. Jernigan plays run in place. You god this halfway eight seven. I very to one relax lister bottom today on lead. Sit down let's than our crab position crab position we're going to our arms and our core of the scene signed flow. You're in your position for three loose forward three muse backwards and if you try to move a little bit side to side. You're moving around your room a little bit. You have room for a crab walk forward. Grab walk backwards. Walked each side however you can. It's a difficult line. I know if you cannot move just all in one sauce for five four. Three two one. Let's take into a reverse toy shop so that means your legs are straits. You're gonna live their bottom off the ground again. So the only thing on the ground are europeans and your heels. You that adds hold it there. Good morning all know. hold it there. You've got it great. Seven six or three to one relax and friday morning. How many cnn view to get started to the time you got the key and do sit ups on the ground you can always just bring your belly fide into your spine legend outs into your spine. Let it out really doing situps. full sit-ups we thought this for eight seven six five four three one relaxed let still add instead it up. It's a jumping session. You can either jump rope. you can do jumping jacks. You can jump side decide however you want to jump. Twenty seconds saying jumped. You've got this. I know you like jumping. Jacks jacobs. you got jonah. Our six five four three two one. Let's go ahead and go in our position so you're on one knee and one puts hands on your hips the balance now. Put your hands out like an airplane. And let's do upper jumping. Jacks just with their arms silver in our lunch physician but our arms are going up of over head back to airplanes airplane in. Clap above your head airplane in class ebay on you thought nice job looking good Going for six five four three two one switch legs and let's do collapse in front so starting in your airplane with your arms and reach forwarding. Clap in front so armee forward. Our airplane forward airplane for word. This worked as arms. You should be feeling it. We're balancing at the same time. Worry seven six right. Don't pull over three one. Relax on your hands and your knees in your table. Top positions soon. Let's put our right arm out in the air in our left leg out in me is all the bears You've got sent all there. And so i had ingrain those that knee and elbow under your chest in touch them or get close and sturridge backout tights To back out. You're gonna feel that work in those. Ads is well if you cannot do this. Or don't know until he does all those limbs out for five four three two one suicides left arm off andrew right leg out all their last sermon. Right-leg romney ties us and go ahead and bring that al voted me under your body and straight out. They've been under and rate out is he can't do that. Moving of the arm away just all the mountain. All the maps clarify four three two one. Relax take a little break for just like five seconds to bet to break. Ira holding push here. We go to russia. If you'd rather do pushups now's your chance all that's on the ground all your hands and your toes. Everything else is in line in line with your shoulders. All parades seven six five four three two one relax sira. Let's stand back. Up are a play a little basketball today. In some sports renault and i did look into a splinter Russell wilson navy leading nancy. Hawk t. i ride started with some basketball. It level that a basketball dribble dribble. Ira bullied on just dribble place. We dribbler around kiko. We dribble rise me left however it works for you. When i said number dribble all around us people leasing more and make a jump up. Didn't need the odds here. We go far one of dribble drivel. Into an three. And four and nick disa- kid one six sir nice job. Were running running plays. We got some hurdles to raise four and run rodman road when i say hurdle you are going over there. Heard all hurdle hurt all hurdles. Remorse spurt all heard all. There's one more you guys can do. This ready hurdle roster finish line nice job. let's few sim standing squats touch the ground and stand up. You cannot do squats this whole the air chair. Louisa says those lay seven six by four. Three one re relax balancing on one foot. One foot is planted on the ground. The other foot is a little bit outside. Yarns are at the side. We are bouncy. He begs focused straight ahead eggs right on the other day by four three you one relax fine that wall something no onto. Let's do. Some toe raises are heel raises. Who they've seen the heels off the ground and back down. Your toes never leaves a grim. Got this heel or tow raises whatever you like to follow the off a half my soul. You've got this or five four. Three two one relax. Ira inland thread and fine. That while again put up hands on the wall this one foot back and stretch the calf muscle cramps lay said there's fat the calf muscle brain that he of to your bottom quads stretch so wait flakes. Take it down to your hands and knees. We're gonna stretch that spawned with a cat cow. Starting with the tell look up to the sky. Drop that delhi and a hat can digest our vat. How sunny down at bell hats tend chess darts. Bat sitting on that bottom murray does arms as far forward as you can for childs pose reeves those arms over to the right arm sober laugh arms back in the middle laying on your tommy. Let's take it to a cobra. Direct upper body off the ground. Now we're going to reverse it. Stick bottom is high in the air is you can for a ugly holding push for downward the of side down. V bottom is in the air. Your hands are on the ground. Your feet are on the ground and let's go back down to cobra and one martime up to a ugly holding. Shoppers downward dog if the bottom in the air and take it this sitting on your bottom for butterfly threat if you need more stretch for those needs down with your elbows graying one leg i've in france and reach for the co legs straight out reported and both legs straight out and hands accurate sitting up tall as you can tommy or during oh been those legs. Nice and wide hands down the middle and read crisscrossed of lay read with the right arm and been to reject with the left. Armin van around right hand on your left knee. Twist and look. I am so i go adam. Put your hands in front of you in our lace those fingers in turn love poems out away from you and direct and behind you on the ground finger spacing you shoulders back chest. Open up at this guy to go ahead and right. There were all on back hugging those knees to your chest. Rockall little bit right in math. Jeff the right and the left leg off trade to the ground inroad. Tate's adding grapes gray. The left knee ride like down around. Faith that paul green both knees bent that chest but the knees of to the right and my arms falls to the last very dies completely flat on the ground. How far in usually june bug direct rating every moss loud in nearby bring news. Bacteria says sango ahead in raf back at this sitting physician. Bring your arm across your chest in rotate your wrists. So it's said there crowson rode t elbow behind your head for triceps threats so it's size eared. A shoulder irritate shoulder. Let's go back in that lunch. Physician time arms out like an airplane in. Let's do some small circles forward so one knee on the ground one foot on the ground arms out like an airplane. A little snorkels foreword so rich legs. These are green exercises. If you can't balance just keep your hands on your hips organized. Circle those arms backwards. This time oldham straight out like an airplane and little tiny circle or just have your hands on your heads and go ahead in. Stand all the way back read. They go really big deep breath in hurry to size. Let it all go one martime z. Bread been hurry is you can try it yourself on the back because it is friday. Alright got plans for your weekend. i guess kovin plans are a little different than regular plans but like your haircut jakup. You're looking good. Are you gonna be doing this. I could I dunno. I computer was messed up. I'll be on at eleven thirty giga anyways. Courtesy keeley job in the school on monday laugh. You're gonna stay at home okay. You take safe. Se regardless a camera go agenda In it looks like a student has logged in using my link. Is that t or jake. That joined can revaming in his. Okay renaming perfect So Wac's didn't wanna make sure you know the agenda so at nine o'clock we're going to start the kind of walking tour around for vancouver for the section you are just participants as a reminders. That'll be time where you can turn your camera off and go on mute. Chinyere hair looks great in your cameras at a perfect angle. Thank you for your doing a camera chest for us And then you're showtime w students will be at around ten o'clock and you'll be intentional of course prompt you you'll know when it's your turn for the students from mr b's class who are hosting the garden you will stay in this room and you'll be up first at the ten o'clock hour and then jake and henry will stay in this room as well and you'll be after the garden tour. Charles mica jn and tori. You will all need to go use that second link at ten o'clock and go to different meeting room. Poor rooms those four students to you. Have that second link on. I think so. I need a little mail. I don't yeah. I to general do that same thing. I'll email you the second link and you'll be able to come in as me and just reading henry charles. Do you have your second. Link is at bahraini Again yes they do saying here. Jarring his ami here. I'm sorry by actual butter and so i'm not gonna. I'm not gonna pronouncing things. I don't agree on this boat you don't you do not need a secondly cabrera you just stay here the whole time. Please also have your materials. Ou'd most importantly you'll matter a math of the outside of the fort that Breeding credit thirty percent at palmer and then you will also need or Your presentations that started ten. You see those plastic Three the maps of the interior nine tories. Very good Let's see the other thing. I want other while perfect. Yeah all the wsb students you will you receive both the print. The three d prints of the inside of the rooms for the your presentation of your classmates presentations here. If you have questions about which is which hold those for just a second but will try and address that in these few minutes we have before we start The last thing that you need to know if you are participating in the research study which is just about all of you at this point of i'm going to be sending you a news zoom link for this afternoon. We're going to meet two o'clock with amy parker and becky from state though. Keep an eye out in your email. After mobility matters is over for newseum linked to join us at two o'clock this afternoon. This is leeann. We've got some housekeeping. We need sophia popov. Can you move your camera down a little singer forehead as via you. D is super little bit looks pretty good and then i have a quick question about my sign language. Interpreters which one starting can you give me an alphabet name in front of the word interpreter. So i know which person's going i you're both year so we're just in this one but i can put with another one next. Were or i want. Wanna make sure that i always grab the right one. When when they're both named the same it gets a little confusing. I will do what would it be on into short that that is just so i know i've got the right one highlighted and then we have a handwriting by charles on. I don't think gut feeling for push. Yeah what's what's the name of that. I'm looking for again. Charles charles looking forward patrols needed and looking looking right now see charles to sustain. You may also want to check your junk mail folder. Syncing of may of yeah complaints. Resetting to charles right now. I just pushed that notification out and just to since we're talking about housekeeping very quickly when we do go into the other breakout room Am i right to assume. There'll be two interpreters in there that i will need to be able to distinguish between the two of them to know or my misunderstanding details. I believe that the recount room interpreters have separate promote so your has booth there just pinned to spotlight uber spotlight too. I just need to make sure don't want to screw up okay. Spotlight two of them eighty. Okay great an aiming your to the view up top the view button and what. I've turned on his side by side. Gallery that'll help. Keep them pinned to see it. Yes they you. That's a great help you Joke meal didn't receive it charles. Anybody is good sent. It didn't get the same arid in It did go through. I can send us at charles. He might so let let me confirm. I have charles. C. h. a. r. l. e. s. dot j. o. h. n. s. o. n. at s t u. dot w. s. s. e. as a dot w. a. dot g-o-v that accurate. I'm ray sundays again. This tori by the way. I make sure to let family number. Who's here watching me in my younger siblings. Nell them to be doing this. Hopefully my own siblings won't be bothering me. We are coincidence in. It's best to put your mic on mute. If you're not started. I got your email awesome. Amy i am looking for you address. Spotlight up and i think it's an okay time at the beginning point. People who aren't speaking could go off camera if that's easier for you to do and of course stay on mute. That will just help everyone here. Okay are we Leeann when you're ready to start. We have a minute left to open the room with as many people. I'd love to open the room now. If you don't mind let's go ahead and open it okay. We're gonna start here. We go amy. You're talking right okay. Hello they morning. Welcome everyone we are. Just gonna allow a few minutes for everyone to get into the room. We're pleased that you are here so as you enter the room what we have up. That is playing right now. Our thanks to our sponsors so there are some slides that are rotating as you get settled in and we'd like to give a special thank you to of course historic fort vancouver which is a part of the national parks system. Very thrilled to be partnering with them. Today i'm amy parker voices you're hearing now and i have partnered very closely with becky morton who is a graduate student in orientation and mobility and to become a teacher of students with visual impairments at portland state. Dr holly lawson is also a partner here at portland state university. We've played different roles in helping. Put this event together. And we're very pleased to also partner with the washington state school for the blind. We have special guest teachers who are presenting today at leading their classes for you today. Mr jeff oehler at mr steve lowery and they will be leading a sa- parts of the program with their classes in Just a little. While though everyone i just wanted to go ahead and start if that's okay. I know we have two hundred and twenty two in the room and more people are filing in as they can. We have over four hundred students today with visual impairments who are participating from across the country all the way from hawaii in the west even into the united kingdom. So we're very pleased that that many students could come from all over. They're all different ages in different schools across the country. We also have two hundred and seventy adults who are coming into the room. Those include teachers teachers have students with visual impairments. Orientational mobility specialist. That also includes parents and other professionals. So i just wanted to talk to you a little bit about what you can expect today the first thing this morning we're going to be hearing from our partners at the national park service tracy. Portman is the superintendent. There she had meghan will welcome you to the park at give you a little bit of an orientation. Megan will also partner. With mr steve lowery from the washington state school for the blind as you take a walking tour of the fort itself. Now as you do that you should be using if you Registered before february. I hopefully you have received a tactile map in the mail. You may have are also received some different artifacts from fort. I just wanted to tell you that. Not everyone received the same things so that may surprise you. Some of you may have different items in your kits that you've received and how that happened is Our team at portland state university. Becky in hollywood i with the support of the american printing house for the blind. You'll hear from leeann a moment who works at leeds at the american printing house for the blind the national director of outreach. There she will be speaking to you. In just a moment We purchased through the generosity of age several items from the gift shop at fort vancouver and through that those purchases we were able to send out different items to different students based on their interest and based Our ability just descend different items so you may have a bonnet. you may have a different types of artifacts. She may have a bead kit. You may have a top launcher. A very few number of people received a stuffed beaver. We'll be talking to you about those artifacts the other things that you may have received Especially for those who rely on real. We were able to work together. To create three d prints of the floor plans a four specific areas of the park that we will be truly today. Now understand that for the sake of time to of you you will only be going into one room or the other room and after we go through the main tour of park the half of the group will stay in this very zoom room and will be touring the garden and the bake shop in the other room. You will the other. Half of the groom will be touring. Excuse me the blacksmith shop and the for room and you will be led by different leaders from the park in from the washington state school for the blind classes on your tours learning about those rooms and hopefully have a little fun And play some games when you come back. It will be just a around eleven o'clock pacific time and for that last period of time you will be hearing from the national park staff in talking to you about their jobs so being the biggest tour thing that you can have today even if you don't have tactile map or if you don't have a floor plan you can access our website that will allow you to print some of those materials later but even if you don't have those things the greatest thing that you can bring with you today is your imagination. So i'm hoping that you relax. Enjoy follow among ask questions chat odd At bring your curiosity try to imagine yourself back in the eighteen forties. What would your life look like. What would things feel like and smell like would you be doing during the day. Where would you maybe be going to school or would you be going to a home school. Would you be working at a garden. Would you be helping your family with of different tasks and also what excited about with our partnership with the national park and with fort vancouver is that we are going to be talking about jobs. That may interesting in the future as you think about what. She wants to study what she wants to do with your lives. So bring your curiosity with so a special thanks again. To our sponsors is on the slide. Washington states will for the blind. The american printing house for the blind the digital cities testbed center. Thank you so much for sponsor in this Mobility matters our forth mobility matters. We know that this has been tough two years and that many of you have had to learn remotely and that we miss being with our friends so today we wanted to bring you all together at least to have a virtual field trip to a very special place so let me turn it over. Now to leah grio. Who is the national director of outreach. At the american printing house for the blind to his co. hosting this event with us today a low. This is the an welcome good morning. Good afternoon good evening depending on where you are located today i want to make sure that you know if zoom is not familiar to you what you can do if you are an attendee you cannot turn on your microphone and you cannot see. Turn on your camera. We can't see you and we can't hear you. I making sure that my interpreter is added my view change that hold on. I want to make sure that my interpreters added should be added. You should be. I'm amy. I'm gonna let you work on that i again. I would like to say thank you one of the things we do want to know and to allow the people who are with us presenting to know is kind of what you think. Your job title is now some of you. Your job title is student. And that's just fine. Some of you have more choices if you cannot access the poll. It is okay. What i'd like you to do is just type it in the chat. What is your job title. Are you a teacher of students official impairments or are you a science teacher. Are you an adult. Who's come to join us or other. I am expecting a lot of other. And then where are you from. I can't put every location here. So what i did is a broke. The united states up a little bit and gave some spots for some of our people who are in other places and then how did you hear about mobility matters. What brought you here was at. Ap h was at portland state. Was it social media. What did that for you so a little. Bit of housekeeping type. Any questions use the check. Change your to to all panelists and attendees that way. Everyone can see what people are writing. I could understand if they're question already was asked. We are so happy to have you with us today because polls can be challenging for people who use screen leaders. I'm going to end it now. It's okay if you could not answer it. No problem going to share out that thirty four percent our teachers or students with visual impairments. Thirty three percent tation mobility instructors and believe it or not. Some of those are both and we have twenty nine percent students in a k twelve system. Awesome ten percent students in college program where you are from our biggest group. No surprise to me is the northwest united states at forty percent. We are so glad you can join us. We will work on getting those other individuals to join us. And then how did you hear about it. It's kind of a mix and that is great. Stop sharing those results and amy. I will say one time the opening code. This is something special for teachers who might be here. The opening code is ranger. If that doesn't mean anything to you. When i say an opening code for ac r. e. p. credit don't worry that's only for some certain teachers out there again. The opening code is ranger. Amy take it away. This is amy pirker speaking. Thank you so much leeann. We also want to encourage people today if you did receive your tactile learning kit or even if you're just at home participating we would love to have pictures of you with the permission of your parents or teachers teachers. We'd love to have permission of pictures of youtube participating. What becky is going to do. Becky morton post it to the chad a permission form for you to share pictures with us. What will we do with those pictures. We would just simply with your permission. Post them on social media and use them to tell the story of mobility matters. We're very interested in how accessible this learning conference may be so we would very much like your opinion about that at universities. We sometimes study. What makes learning effective. That's part of our job. So dr holly lawson who i mentioned to you is also interested in if you received those tactile floor plans of those three d. printed of tools host to access the learning if you received a printed map which was created to d printed map that was created by on steve lowery and holding up line in my camera view right now if you receive some other materials such as seeds or a straw even from a ph some of you have been asking me. What is that thing. That i received that looks like a little cylinder. Is it a flashlight. Well some of our students who will be leading the event today figured out what it was. It's a portable straw. And it's one of the gifts from a phd today so that you can have strong with you no matter where you travel so you could figure out how that straw works a little later so some of you are telling me also that she may not have received materials in time. Please don't worry. We know that there were several weather delays in the united states. Because of poor weather so please just stay with us. We do have a materials up on our website. Hopefully you will receive those packets in the mail if you didn't already but again even if you never received a packet you should use your imagination. Stay because we're going to be taking you through a walk-through through i'd like to check the time very quickly. It is time for me to turn this over to the superintendent or fort vancouver tracy fortman. Who is going to welcome you to the fort and show some slides and describe those slides to you as she walks you through this wonderful place in the pacific northwest at treasure. Tracy thanks to you and your team for partnering with us at mobility matters in kiev. Thank you amy in the end. So welcome hello. Everyone surtees to virtually local wall to fort ashville historic site amos tracy for men and i had the honor of being the superintendent of this national park looking out my window. The sun just burst or witches a little unusual for the pacific northwest. So i'm hoping we're gonna have a sunny day. And i hope the weather's great wherever you all are for thank you. Ver- is such a special place and it played important role in the history of the north west tonight states. I can't wait for you to learn about all that he had to offer so that you can learn about your early national park burbank. Huber national historic site includes locations in both oregon and washington. But today we will be focusing on fourth. Thank you for itself. Which is a reconstruction of british for trade fort located in what is now going to washington here. We haven't image of the state of washington and oregon thank people maps. There is a red dot pointing to the location of fort located in southwest washington just north of the columbia river at a cost them or oregon as the federal on his slide. Sheriffs or Is located in open field with trees and orchards nearby. There are many trails that connect the fort to other sites and attractions like the constructed employees village. The columbia river waterfront in our visitor center as well as pearson air museum. Two hundred years ago. This field was the site of a huge prairie covered in blue purple. Famas flowers. I bet it was beautiful. The roots of the kansas plant are edible so that into camino for thousands of years native people gabby chemistry in hunted on this prairie view from inside for into her in the foreground are cannon said are placed in front of the force chief chief factors house. Chief factor was in charge of the fort. These canons of those that turner in eighteen hundreds in the background. You can see the blacksmith shop in indian trade shop and a palisade of very high wooden wall that surrounds the fort in eighteen. Twenty four aford of british for trading post called a hudson's bay company built four. Thanks uber to serve as a headquarters. For a network of forts they built throughout the entire. Northwest these forts were located in. What is now washington for hint. Idaho british columbia and parts of montana. California and alaska fort vancouver. Was the headquarters. For all these forts in this huge region. I these forts were sent to fort in cuba to be packaged from shipment. To england supplies for england were for first to fourth. Thanks uber Stupid to the other side. Since bait company force was about seventeen thousand miles by sailing ship to go to and from for many people read in worked here in the eighteen. Hundreds many were native americans from over thirty different wives others. Who lived here. Where french canadian hawaiian english and scottish many people who live here were not which means that they were both native. American in an up eurropean ancestry. Only some of these people lived inside the fort. Fort gentlemen class of hudson's bay company officers and their families lived in chief actors house or the bachelor's voters inside the fort's stockade walls. As i mentioned a little bit earlier chief faster was was the leader of the fort workers in their families. Loop in one or two homes probably cadidates what we call them today. In the village located to the west. Of the fort. These forts blacksmiths bakers vers farmers and laborers. Lisa's wear the family's ah lack lead their lives. They feasted worshipped a spent time. Growing adding children was a a wonderful place. In the village this slide as a painting showing the different kinds of people who would have lived and worked at for innkeeper. They are excited. I worked with men women and children. Summer wear european style. Dresses in suits with uber. Felt top hat. Summitt clothing that reflects the fashions of a for trade like linke's colorful bags and accessories will rankings in the background. We can see some royal navy sailors sailors uniforms. This side has if you're a forfeiting tuber as it appeared in eighteen fifty four and a background there is the mighty columbia river and also you can test fairly see speaking out 'bout good the ford itself is surrounded by its large garden and orchards. In the foreground. Are the small vince. I mentioned of the employees village and carts full find forces along dirt roads. You can also see some people walking on this dirt paths in the eighteen forties. British and americans are over. Who will take control of the pacific northwest in eighteen. Forty six between the united states and canada was settled and this became americans to avoid native people who were crossing organ trail by the hundreds forced and in later by the thousands resulted in forcing the native people to move to reservations. Many these oregon trail settlers stopped or an keeper to purchase seeds and supplies to start the farms. The hudson's bay company finally abandoned orphan kluber in the eighteen sixties and this area became part of the united states army's in barras since the nineteen forties or vancouver has been here four by the national park service. The national park service is a government agency that cares for over. Four hundred special places said the night united states like the ever played yellowstone yosemite the monuments in washington. Dc view of our national treasures. Today you're by to take works tour of fourteen using the tactile maps and you will have the opportunity to learn more about specific buildings at prices at flipping. The photo arms sly shows four vancouver at sunset during one of our special events at the mrs campfires candlelight. In this photo we could see many different kinds of families walking along the pair settling to the buildings inside the fort. I am so grateful to portland. State university's visually impaired orientation inability of the washington state school for the blind. The american printing house for the belie and portland states universities digital cities testbed center for organizing the spirit. Important cloak land today and a canadian. Wonderful opportunity. allu- aw experiments or into from a distance. I hope you find our time together today. Interesting and perhaps most important for so with that like to have megan st. Take it away. let's get started. thank you everyone. Hello everyone and thank you again for joining us today. If you received a tactile learning kit for today's program please take out your tactile map. This is an eight and a half by eleven inch piece of paper with raised aligns in either braille or print depending on your home with your tactile map in hand please oriented the page so that the key with the four symbols and text is in the upper left corner the four tactile symbols. You will encounter on this map. Include at thick line representing the palisade or exterior wall of the fort. A- hashed or dotted line representing the walking pads solid rectangular shapes representing buildings in thin raised outlines the rectangles with light texture representing the garden outside of fort in building footprints. Inside of the fort. We will start our walking tour on the hash. Line walkway at the north. End of your map or the top of the page as you follow. This hashed line down toward the exterior wall of the fort. You will pass the garden to the east which is to the right of the pathway. Hey this is megan. Good morning everyone. As we do our walk in fort vancouver today we will also hear sounds that remind us of each of the spaces that we walk through. We are now walking past the guard. And on our way into or being cooper there are flowers blooming plants growing birds and bees buzzing and volunteers wearing blue shirts working in the eighteen hundreds. This garden was much larger than it is now and provided food for the people who lived inside the court nick. Slide should an image of our tocqueville map. These continue to follow the path down as it crosses the exterior wall. Enter for vancouver. Find the first building on the left as an aside. You are visiting the park in person you would be walking south down. The path at the contact station would be to. You're right however we are looking at this map facing north so i will be using left directions from that perspective here. Now passing the context station. This is a small one story. Wood frame building with a porch inside. Visitors can pay entrance fees resent their annual. National park passes and get information from national park ranger next. We will head to achieve factors house which is directly across the pathway from the contact station to get to the front entrance. Continue down the pathway from the entrance to the park when you find an intersecting pathway turn right and head east then. The south side of the building as we approached the chief backers house we would hear some nineteenth century use it. We are now at the chief. Factors has eight lead to story. White building with a large veranda two cannons. Sit in front of this large home to enter. We will go up one of two carbs air cases as we crossed the noranda to the front door. We will see and smell great binds that grow across the front of this bill ling in the spring and summer inside a chief actors house. There is a central mess fall. Where the officers of the hudson's bay company will eat at a long table. Set or sixteen house has two wings each with a parlor in bedrooms here the Chief factor and chief trader. The with their families has also has an office and a separate dining room for women for trade posts in the nineteenth century. The wives and children of the hudson's bay company officers eat separately next. We will head to the kitchen. Which is a building attached to the chief factors house just to the north or above it on the map to enter the kitchen. We will continue east along path in front of the chief. Doctors house turn left at the next intersecting. Pathway and head north kitchen will be on your left and in the kitchen. We won't hear the crackling of a fire. Inside a large are kissing is of wooden building with a small porch just inside the palisades ball inside. There is a large part of their said. Perfect game a cold storage. The entry with food of dishes and other servants supplies a scullery. Where dishes were washed with water nearby. Well an interior hallway connects the kitchen with the chief actors house. Missile from the kitchen we will walk directly east or to the right use any available pathway to arrive at the building that is attached to the exterior wall or palisade of the fort. We are looking for a building near the northeast or top. Right corner of the fort and in the house will hear baker's sliding seabiscuit until lord ovens big house is painted. Wait it almost looks as if it is coming through. The fort's wouldn't salk aid wall the stockade stocks on either side of the big house because the bake house has two enormous ovens for baking. The ovens were placed outside the fort walls to prevent a fire there from consuming the entire fort after leaving. The big house used the first intersecting pathway that head south and moved down your map. The blacksmith shop is the building closest to the southeast or bottom rate corner of the fort to enter. The blacksmith shop followed the path that wraps around the right side of the building on the east as we enter blast shop. We will hear the black spitz at work. He the southeast corner of before become the blackface sharp outside tells us if the building is open or closed if it is open a volunteer. Blacksmith is inside demonstrating nineteenth century. Blacksmith's skills inside the blacksmith shop. What carefully on earth and floor doing area full of tools. And metal items the blacksmiths of me at either end of the building is a forged where volunteer blacksmiths were. Leaving the blacksmith shop. We will head west or left along the pathway until we find the next building. Right next door to the blacksmith shop. This building is also along the southern wall of the fort. The indian trade shop in hospital are located in the same building near the bottom center. Now we will step inside the indian trade shop in hospital. This long wooden building is split into two halves on the inside two doors in front of the building. The to these two halves on the eastern side of the building. We find it the residence of the forks doctor and his family the hospital with many beds for patients and a surgery room here the residents of before the people who live there received medical care on the western side of the building. We enter a trade room before doctor also managed to this trade shop. The walls are lying with shelves full of blankets dishes. S kits and other items. That could be traded for furs pause for just a moment on our tour here. I've noticed a couple of questions in the chat pop up and to clarify or folks the visuals that are being shown on our slides alternate between a picture of the tactile map which shows that the basically the outside of the fort kind of a bird's eye view and then every other picture is a photo of the overriding that we're mench so we'll be and our next stop on. This tour is the first store. Which is the next building to the west or to the left of the indian trade shop and hospital. Excuse raids let's go into the first or and when we close the door behind us this building is dimly lit by a few lanterns that hang from the this earth store is an enormous bomb wedding. Two story building with three sets of large double doors at the front. We've entered through the first store and we'll find ourselves in a replica of a warehouse. This is where. I would have been processed or shipment to england. There are many in piles and wound from the ceiling and in a large for press to date is reconstructed building also houses. The national parts collections storage facility and archaeology lab. Next going to head from the south side. Which is the bottom of your mouth to the northwest corner of the fort use any available pathway to make your way to a circular shaped building touching the top left corner of the fort as we approached the best and we will hear the loud boom. Now we are entering the bastion tower. The northwest corner before it into the stocky wall at the top of the best friend is a metal weathervane. With a beaver design we will climb up several flights of stairs to room at the top with several cannons and windows overlooking to fort and columbia river a bastion may cannons. Were used to ceremonially. Welcome incoming ships rather than for defense right as we exit the bastion. Please follow the path leaving the bastion as it bends to the east to. You're right the first building you encounter on the north or above the pathway is the carpenter shop inside the carpenter shop Hear the sounds of carpenters sawing. Wood fail become to this to one story. Wooden building the herbandez shop inside our tables and shelves full of woodworking tools. Here the carpenters at the fort made furniture arm tools heart and building fixtures or next stop is to the east or to the right and slightly south of the carpenter shop use the pathway. That heads down or south and to the right until you find two buildings whose corners touch each other the larger of these buildings the bottom less building the counting house as we approach the counting house. We will hear music. That reminds us of the fact that this building served as a place for word and sometimes for entertainment Counting house is a square building painted. White over its front. Door is the official seal the hudson's bay company which are house to dear holding a crest everts on it and the motto pro page. Utm which is latin or appelt or a skin when we walk inside. We find a large room with walls. Painted a brilliant balloon. This room has several tall bests with slanted. Tops with affords clerks kept of all the imports and exports managed by this for trade post. A huge iron safe in this room. Held the money valuables at. The back of this room is a whole that. The smaller room with museum exhibits about archaeology and a bedroom. That replicates the room used royal navy captain bailey on his periodic visits to port captain. Bailey would sometimes hosts small parties when he hit in the counting house leaving the counting house. You will get off of the hash flying walkways and head around the right side of the building to this building. That touches the northeast or top rate quarter. This is the jail and as we enter. The jail listened by the sounds of the chains used to straighten prisoners county house. Just to the east northeast of it is the orcs jail. This is a small square wooden building. The door has a tiny barred window in it but unlike the other buildings in before there are no other windows the insight is almost empty except for events and here those who broke the rules of the husband's company. This concludes our walking tour of been cooper from jail. You could head south to get back to. The walking pass turned east or two year right and continue to the first intersecting halfway. Turn north or to the left to find the main entrance to the park where we began think. Meghan are we having a trivia game. Yeah this is this. Is amy speaking. Thank you so much. Mr lowery miss megan huff. Thank you very much for the walking tour. We do appreciate that. There are people with many different accents. Needs on the line who were sometimes following along with their fingers following along with their ears or following along with their is as we took the tour around the site. I love that superintendent. Tracy fortman also mentioned that as you go into these places. There are strong snows. Some of you love the sound of the cannon at eight year old. Who was saying. Wow i really loved bet. Sound and tracy was mentioning. How people love to go up into the bastion which housed the cannon that The ceremonial cannon set were launched during during times of making announcements that ships. Were coming in or going out on behalf of the company so now we are going to have a trivia game and leeann is going to read the trivia questions allowed. They will appear on a sny eight and then you will have a chance to answer those questions to vote on those using the polling feature. So let's see how well you do at. She will also describe what what how people answered the questions. So be sure you could participate in some some said They love monty. Love birds in the fire. Sounds those were very cool. Sounds okay leeann. Are we ready for the year. Ready to go to the next slide. Alright so megan. Let's go to the next side. Okay listen to this sound clip from curator megan's tour of fort vancouver. What item makes the sound. Let me give your choices. So you can hear it. Is it a blacksmiths anvil. That's a be a carpenter saw. See the ceremonial cannon or d. The cash register at the context station. Okay you can put a letter or word in the chat or you can use the poll. Was it a blacksmith's anvil a be a carpenter. Saw see the ceremonial cannon or d. A cash register at the context station. Oh i see lots of answers also coming into the chat. I'm seeing lots of saw or the letter b. Let's look at what our poll says. It's okay if you couldn't get to even in the poll. Almost everyone said a carpenter saw where they right. Megan very entry. Tracy also mentioned this. Is amy speaking. What kind of smell would you have smelled in the carpenters room in the carpenter station would have definitely been this mode sawdust. Dustin would raise which might have everyone earthy smell some are saying right. It might have been a sweet. Woody smell in the carpenter's station. Great all right next question. Okay question number to listen to the sound together from curator megan's tour of fort vancouver. What area of the fort is this sound associated with. Is it a the garden. Be the bake house. See the jail or d. e. the blacksmiths shop. We've got lots coming in lots of a garden in the chat. Let's see if they're the same as what's coming in the poll in the end it and share. Wow ninety three percents said the garden how they do most okay. We're getting ready for question number. Three in the tour there were some words used that we don't hear as off it and modern types. What do you think the word scullery meets. Where is the scullery at fort. Vancouver to choose the most correct answer. A a scullery is a garden. Shed that we would find a garden. Be a scullery is a cash register that we would find the fort's counting house see a scullery as a place for washing dishes. That would be found in the fort's kitchen d a scullery as a place that holds the ceremonial cannon Couple different choices coming in the chat. Still him a couple of different choices still in the chat. I'm going to end the poll. We'll see what the says because the chat was kind of all over the place so in the poll. It looks like see was chosen. The quite a few chose d. c. Was the washing dishes in the big house and d. was the place that holds the ceremonial cannon. And that's about what i was seeing in the chat. What's the right answer already answer. Is that the speller is a place for washing dishes in the kitchen and we will say that when i was young probably about twelve or thirteen i volunteered at an event f. Main tuber is before. I worked there and i was in the kitchen in the scullery washing dishes at it was very hard it made me appreciate dishwashers hard. Work to wash dishes. I said this is absolutely right. Amy speaking here. You've heard the term when you read about a scullery maid will now you'll know what a scullery maid is. Usually a woman worked in the kitchen washing dishes and that was a big task. Thanks for sharing that here. Either meghan okay question. Four other word that curator making used was bastion. What is a bastion is a the chief. Factors house was also called the best. Be a three story. -tary or signaling tower see a small jail used to detain rule breakers criminals or d a one or two room cabin were employee's of the hudson's bay company lived lots of answers coming into chat variety of though starting to see more pe- in the chat aboard the poll. A few more minutes seconds. Okay let's end it and share. Most people picked be a three storey military tower. Correct that is correct. And after a number at some words a bastion might used for military purposes for being cooper was not a military ford so For being couvert the was mostly used for welcoming other ships and signaling signaling tower part about question five okay. Finally a another word you heard. Today is the word palisade based on the tour of the four. You just listen to. What does the word palisade me. A a a place. Where maritime travelers purchase seabiscuit be a three storey military tower see a small jail used to detain rule breakers and criminals d offense of wooden stakes tree trunks fixed in the ground forming an enclosure or defense. Palisade got a few choices in the chat. Okay come in now and the pole. It looks like most of you said d. out wooden stakes tree trunks. Extend the ground forming an enclosure or fats where they right that is spreads and it's a little bit tricky as you may have also heard me say stockade wall And you may hear our books from the national parks a policy aid or soccer. He'd while but it means the same thing that that fence that goes all the way around the fourth. Well done everybody. This is amy. Thank you so much for playing that fantastic trivia game for listening to the sounds. Thank you for adding the sounds curator meghan to imported tour. We did have some feedback that for some people who don't have their maps with them that some times following along on the map was challenging. We have maybe just one minute or two minutes for a couple of questions. I will kick us off with One quick question and it relates to the orientation using the math the bastion that the military or ceremonial tower where the cannon was curator megan. What shape is that. Is that a hexagon shape. Or is it an octagon. I couldn't figure out that it's that that high part of the tower that's very distinctive on the ford. It has a really interesting shape and position. Can you talk about the shape of the bastion. It does have a you that. I'm not sure a hexagon an arctic. What if my Other national park folks by added in the chat the answer to that question but it is not perfectly bound it has It does have sites to it. It looks this is a looks kind of like a hexagon to me. So we have some questions coming in to the chat at somewhat is answering. It is an octagon and on top. There's a square on the bottom. This is wonderful okay. So we're going to read the questions allowed A question from a third grader is. How big are the canons. I am also gonna feel prevent up to my staff as well. I'm not a candidate for and while they answer that i did see that There was a question about the fence was original that house sater's talking while and that is It is not a provisional. The fort was rebuilt. It was burned down in eighteen sixties. After the hudson's bay company had last when this area became part of the united states. The british hudson's bay company went up to canada and the four was abandoned at this area. Became part of barrett's and eventually the was burned down. And it was rebuilt in the nineteen sixties and seventies but it was rebuilt on the archaeological footprint of the original fort. So where do you see. Fort benning uber today is a building footprint is yes so where you know. You're in your house. Where your house is that sort of the footprint of the house. When they did the archaeological excavations of the fort they were able to find out where where all the buildings were where the palace wall was and they reconstructed it just was and see that bob cromwell who is One of our archaeologists commented are in the chat about the the cannon size. So i can can read that the best he says. The barrels are about five feet long and the carriages are bad. The carriages what the canons sits on so the barrel is the metal part of the canon. That's about five feet long. Some of you might be about five feet tall so you can imagine and the carriages are the wooden things that the metal cannon sits on and the carriages are about three feet by four feet at about two feet tall. So they're they're pretty big all right. That's all the questions we have for this time. We're about to go into a break but before we do that. Thank you again curator. Meghan and mr lowery. For your time we will be breaking out into different rooms where you can ask more questions about the candidates. About the work of blacksmiths. You may be on that specific tour. I did want to tell you that we're going to have a ten minute break now because everyone needs a short break before we come back together. Half of you will be staying in this room in this particular zoom room. We will be talking about the garden and the bay house. You will be taking a tour of the garden. And the bake house and the staff from fort vancouver as well as jeff older at mr lowery's classes from the washington state so for the plied will be leading you through that tour so if you can follow along if you need the specific room for the blacksmith and the firm that is in a different zoom link and that has been put into the Pod you can find it there. You should also be able to find it in your email. Some of you will not be going into that room. You will stay in the garden and bake shop area for that tour but for those. That are going into the blacksmith for room lease go through that link. We will now take a ten minute. Break what i'm going to do on my screen show you quickly our agendas. So i am. Actually our our mobility matters website. We have gotten through our opening and welcome. We have taken artur with mr lowery ensure eater begging you have played your game. We are now on a ten minute break and then we will come back together either in this room or in the other link or the tours of the historic guarded and bake house blacksmith shop at first or where we will have a tours. Interactions with with the curator's opportunities to ask more questions and to explored using your maps. Okay for those of you that did not receive maps or artifacts. In time we did want to draw everyone's attention. There is a resources tab on our website which allows you to download the files should print on swell paper or on embossing the tactile maps to print the three d. printed floor plants but there are some other cool sounds on this site. Midi view enjoyed the sounds there. The described videos audio described brochure. There are sounds of cannons and sounds of birds many things to explore and some information about sowing or planting the seeds that you received so. Please don't think that you only have the opportunity to to this time to tour the site you can also continued touring with your parents teachers after this special virtual event all right we are now on break in. I will see you at ten ten back in this room or in the other room. For the blacksmith ad firm room to okay ten minute break starting now and amy. I of pause the recording. Because we do not make recorded ten minute break The person who wrote to me saying that they have an attendee who cannot find their link. I can't push that. I can only push it to panelists. So they're going to have to lean on a friend or or grab aamir megan to send that to the person. I can't do those a student of some sort. And i am going to take my bathroom break and i'll be right back. Thank you the interpreter sir on on break now. Also thank you attributing team still a question. Go ahead charles. Police find that we are not backstage right now and all the attendees from ability matters will be listening in as well okay. Do i leave the meeting. I'm confused about that. Wwl presenters charles. Mica xinle and tori will all be this. Zoom link and go to your presenters from any campbell forward the next generation charles. Okay i am back here. Hi fi at this is leeann. What should need I wanted to a if you heard any background noise. Robust students on. I think that was me. If so i probably buick you which is something i can do if i'm thinking there's background noise coming but otherwise i don't think we heard much during the break recently. Oh that i don't know. I went and use the restroom. I'm going to answer few questions in the chat. Now a janet. How do you know what you're to go to your individual who received a paper work or Or or above gift box type thing. Then your your math will tell you. If you're the for room or the blacksmith room you're going to the other room. Check your email from becky thank you. That is helpful if you are a wsb student. If you received an email from amy campbell you need to use that to go to the other room. Hey sophia you can you now. You know how okay. Go ahead and mute for now until we get going and catch anyone who seven problems so martha if you are not sure. Did you have a teacher register you. If you're not sure what true you are. Welcome to stay in this room. That is okay. This is amy. That's exactly right. If you're not sure or you can't find the email you can just stay in. this room. Is room will be touring the garden and the bake house and then everyone will come back into this main room for the ending program which will be talking about career at national parks can. Yes amy any. Attendee is muted and has their video off it does not have the ability to turn them on. Only the panelists. Do only the presenters. Do some of our presenters are students. So sometimes it'll get a little confusing. Fewer inherited provide closed captioning. We should have switched People so i'm looking for you to give you that control. Hello again everyone. I am looking for our close caption provider. If you are the closed caption provider. Please either type something in the chat. Arrays your digital hand holly. Will i be turning this over to you or to amy. This is amy hoping supporting with the garden in bay counts. Take an leeann. I did share with you the The script that the students will be using. I believe that adam. Amin said nobody here in this room. Supporting the students from wsb as well as from the national park centre. So out of you have the script with students and can help with prompting. While i do the slides do. I'll be showing the slides. Okay perfect great. We'll come started to get hold on. I was going to start your recorded against a hold on great. This is amy parker speaking from portland state university. Welcome back and we are in the garden tour room as well as the tour of the bake house. This is what the next portion of the agenda is. If you are wanting to be in the first firm room a blacksmith. Please look at the chat pod. Several people have posted that zoom link. If you're wanting to be on that portion of the tour as laura said in the chaffetz she receives some tea and she had some people receive seats if you receive tea or seeds or things like that those are artifacts that go with the garden room and a bake house so you are in the right space and you are welcome. If you couldn't get over to the other room you're still in for a treat. I will turn this over to mr lau. I'm sorry mr bowlers class. Who will be presenting the guarded. I will get the slides up at. Adam will be supporting the team. Who is is reading for this portion. Thank you whenever. You're ready mr bowler whenever your team is ready. You in fulfilled. I start now. Please turn on your camera. Hello everyone welcome to the demonstration garden at fort vancouver. My name is sophia. And today. Brigitte you and i will be reviewing the fort vancouver gardens we are all in the horticulture class at the washington state school for the blind and are here. We're the lane dorset from the national park service to start. We are going to show you a short video. Introducing the garden at fort vancouver. The video is audio described. If you have any questions about the video or anything else cover today please. Type them in the chat exploit scanned by warriors. What you've gone so we have that check box a when you share screen check or i'm sorry this is aiming i won't be the video just one moment enticed by the signature fragrances ties us heritage gov is of the that were originally grow in fort acne. Eighteen hundreds deserves decisional typists and saving and often exchanging pengzi's gye a strategically ponti a companion to vegetables to pollinators while dissuaded. Down as you get closer to the south. Jeff is the sound working. Yes okay thank you go off trysts as over the off and serves as support to a tunnel of hawks stint. Rubber continuing southward will further another off. Trust i spent most of wonderfully fragrant. Roses careful purposeful design of the is still down sensation similar to the original dogs and is unveiling record. The days when the fourth gardens sustained people well beyond the house eagles of settlement of eighteen hundreds forward video games with god motiur nazi funk. Discussing today's heritage gone with of the forks. North one of birds google posts and in front of his of lots of flowers bloom changes to images of heritage garden festival down rendering of what historic vote like with a large Which is a rose garden area so holes volunteer garden carrying a basket. Down the main off on sums day before the background garden. Today is a half acre garden. And it's located in the wrong spot where the garden was was on the other side of the roadway which is one hundred percent accurate. The garden in the eighteen forties was approximately seven to eight acres and it ran all the way out to the orchard. Today's garden is over. Half an acre is designed to the same principles that the garden was. The past aren't nearly as wide because the past in the original garden were wide enough to have reawakened down with With water water the garden are password scarred and represents exactly what they did and grew in a garden in the eighteen. Forty s those. He takes from basket according to call that a large data if you hold sees as we also see a colored sketch of root servers in the eighteen hundreds when she tells us about tobacco. There's an image of a green tobacco leaf that we see in between stacked bales of beaver. Pelts so what also here for you that we've just recently dug up the potatoes and corn. Which is coming on right now and the potatoes. We'll be kept in the root cellars. They got here they even have. One root cellar was hot a potato cellar that they would store the potatoes. In throughout the winter months was located alongside the roadway here and corn. We often think of nice fresh ears of corn. They would have the freshman ward but they would also do parched corn or roasted corn or dried corn. Which would then be milled and use for all types of porridge of corn bread. And just a meal that they would have to put into there to make cakes or things like that with another couple of interesting things that we grow in the guard and is an echo on or tobacco document. Golfing did grow it here. It was well known that they would dry. The tobacco leaves and in between the bales of the beaver pelts when they were shook him back to england to make beaver hats. It prevented the insects from eating holes in the pels. Were make a useless. When they got to england now we see a great causal with other pedals than some white fluffy on comb on public. while that's he picks A photo shows this mauve colored fizzle in bloom then. Pinky red gov pomegranate fruit blackish figs quince on. It's another interesting thing that we grow in the gardens. Cotton of most people have never seen hot and growing. Unless you live in the south or the south west But we've grown it. Dr mclaughlin grew it and we wanted to stay accurate to what he grew We've had some success in some years. We haven't just as all farming and gardening is some other interesting things we have on. The property is car june Which is this'll this'll family. And we would eat the stock or the spine of the leaf and not necessarily the choke like you. Think of an artichoke. Although there are in the same family we also have pomegranates. pomegranates in the garden. We have fig trees in the garden with figs on them that they had we had quences that were very very common in europe in the eighteen hundreds. Most people don't know what they are. There's also an apple or pear or something like that but we do use them been demonstrated in historical kitchen to of hops. Nancy mentions next is an office way. Overpaid parv off formed chiefly from off which then see in but about two hour followed by a photo of of sliced white. Bread came through the garden today. He walked through the tunnel of hops. And the hawks are just getting to flower nail and they'll be ripening of at probably about two weeks. It was used in distilling in also eleven or we have tested and used it to make eleven such as Sour dough for making bread As like a yeast and it works very well. Economy gives it a just a tiny bit of almost a beer taste to the bread. Okay great. that's the video. Yeah so Away everyone I'm an archaeologist with the national park service and the garden is one of my favorite places to spend one of my favorite places to investigate Oregon's check right now and see. I don't see that there's any questions in the chat right now and we'll try to keep up with that and If there are questions. So the're bridget and Hopefully we'll be able to help with those. So i guess we need to. I still don't see any questions so we need to show okay. We are showing On the screen the garden tactile map. If you receive the tactile learning hip for your today's tour please take out this three d. printed tactile map of the garden. It's long and skinny tattle. we're gonna go through. It would have orient yourself direct of for north and south so follow along find the arrow in the corner that protrudes out and hold the plastic tactile map so that the raised aero is pointed in the direction you are facing the furthest right quarter from you you have now oriented yourself to the north on your tactile ma. So south is the opposite at the bottom end toward you with west to the left and east to the right as you may have noticed. the garden. Area is divided in half lengthwise by the middle garden path which runs straight north and south and through the north and south access points to the garden shortsighted. Pass that end you the outside edges of the garden east and west outward from the middle garden path. These smaller site paths. Divide the garden into sixteen larger planting area hs or plots and give gardeners access to the plants within each fought it to plots to the north are designed with circular. Pass which you should be able to to feel on your map. You can find the rectangular branch benches on your tactile map which are located at the north and south ends of the garden. At the north end of the garden. You will find entry shrubs on your mouth. They are around and pointed at lying. Both sides of the middle path year. The benches at the south end of their matt is a would post in the center of the middle. Pass a good landmark with benches on both sides on the outside of the garden along. The east side are to compost areas and a garden. Shed those are not included on your map as you leave the garden south end at the bottom. The middle path joins into east-west half that leads short walk west to the left to the fort entrance all of which is depicted on your okay. Now we're here. From the garden contained fruit trees financial flowers and herbs. Food was scared and difficult to come by early. Saga lurs even with provisions fraught with some an west trading with native americans for game fish rubes and very often mclaughlin's gardens were protected and highly value to visitors were either invited or given permission to walk within the gardening area. The hudson's bay come from the us oxides to certain foods as a way to maintain professional and social status and authority for the most part the produce of the garden wise us allies by not elite company officers. Their families that lived inside the fort. An to god's visiting the four but not to the fourth libraries not mclaughlin new. Not the ford survival depended on its capacity to be highly productive. Not reliant on expensive goods from england. Thanks akili castle okay. In the first few years the court was successful growing crops of potatoes beans corn peas of cereal crops wheat barley and notes. The garden began to flourish with pumpkins. Squashes beets cucumbers cava ges tomatoes carrots. Onions turn next radishes melon strawberries berries black jack blackberries raspberries gooseberries broccoli lettuce. Onions mustard grapes. Lemon law clover and even cotton plants grown to not only feed the residents but to even see the livestock as the years progressed orchards of apples pears cherries apricots quences pomegranates plums nectarines peaches and figs brown as custody mary and the gardens of england sections of ornamental flowers and medicinal herbs were planted with asters marigolds than niyaz rag wards roses dahlia's pansy and native yuro Okay bridget's turn bridget. I wouldn't be british part so today's garden demonstrates meaning sustainable practices that were used several centuries ago mr be needed. Write only been fine boy reconverted. Today's guarding demonstrates ninety sustainable practices. That were used. Several centuries ago saw four vancouver out quotes are still route relevance and environmentally. I'll be today. The larger historical bargain was invited into separate are separate areas for plants by designing the garvan space. This way dr mclaughlin was able to select and strategically grew plans based on plant needs for soil. Compensation watering amount of sun. And pollination bridget low again so native plants the plant existing before the settlers arrived or sometimes used by the settlers for food and medicine. Native plants are adapted to the climate and provide less aqui in water while attracting local birds and insects such as eased for pollination today. We should try to integrate native plants around our homes when possible using knowledge of which plants were better companions to the more vulnerable plants gardeners were able to ward off. Problem insects while attracting beneficial ones crops. Such as beets cabbage and potatoes retain their quality over a long period of time. Farmers rotated crops allowing time for soil to recover referred to his fallow and use livestock manure to compost and fertilize the soil. Before residents composted food straps garden waste manure fish carcasses and so forth to add an array of vital nutrients back into the gardens soil straw fallen tree leaves and natural compost reviews to mulch soil beds and protect plants from winter. Frosts today we should today. We should use natural Gives and avoid using chemical pest control and chemical fertilizers. these chemicals can pollute waterways arm. Animals burn crops. Increase air pollution. Acidify the soil and deplete soil of minerals. Early settlers worked with the natural resources to them to be self sustaining to meet their needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. So now we're going to do a group activity and i would like to have three different people in our audience. Try to name one. Sustainable practice used in. The historical garden is also used today. You could put this in your answers in chop. Let's see the answers yet in a few minutes out. Here's a good one rotate. The garden beds. I see natural fertilization. the soil livestock manure someone else to repeat the question. So i'm going to do that. Dame one sustainable practice used in historical garden that is also used. Today tro composting fish. Carcasses letting the soil life fallow robin different using different crops. Which is crop rotation worms. That's interesting wasn't mentioned. But it's a definitely a good bit answer compost kalpa so everyone has several great answers so now sofia is going to discuss the artifacts of and you're on Sophia can see you but we there you go overboard now we can hear you. Thank you go ahead. We will conclude our visit to the garden today by talking about the artifacts that many of you received in your learning kits that fourth thank hoover plants native to the area were used for food medicine. Seeds were introduced at the fort from london and were planted and the garden. Seeds for farming were distributed to passing families traveling the oregon trail on their way to start their own homesteads formed. Hoover would share their seeds with several hours. Road were year fans. Pittsburgh barton of having quality seed was extremely important to settlers at and they carefully saved planted unshared seeds in the spirit and tradition of the words birds. We also have been practicing seed saving and wish to share with. You are authentic old fashion. Seeds from plants raise in. The courts garnered in here for them. He them dry until you are ready to plant them when you are ready refer to directions included with their seats so you may help carry on the tradition of four vancouver man. You have a successful yield safiya. We're going to look at some pictures of flowers and vegetables. I have marigolds. Bright yellow and orange and reddish flowers. They are a good companion plant for several other types of vegetables keeps the insects. Don't like the smell of them so they stay away next picture. User are holly hearts stems with light medium and dark pink blossoms therapa. They were popular Flower in a gardens and cartoon was mentioned by nancy. And the video on artichoke like plant. There were eight eight yardage joke. Say eight the new shoots stems as they came out of the brown next. We have blue cocoa cole. Beans a generally did not eat Vegetables raw redo like salads now with they generally could offend so these beans would have been dried and stored and Saved for a consumption during the winter or they may have been pickled to save over the winter. This is A photo of pink and red poppies. We know that California poppies growing in the garden those that launch orange puppies common poppies sweet. William was another Popular cottage garden or colonial garden. Plant blossoms pattern with bursts of whites pinks and reds cowpeas black-eyed peas With dark marks along the one foot length of the being being pods and being that are reddish or white both were dark spots and again needs would have been primarily dried and stored. This is a picture of green bean pods. That produced whitish scenes with dark spots. Tigers lack valentine rattlesnake or three different varieties of green games. Okay so what happened with the vegetables from the garden. The fruits from your turns and the grains from the field crops. Many different jobs at the fort contributed to making available foods and ingredients that the bakers used to prepare their baked dishes and the cooks and the chief factors kitchen used to feed the many officers clerks guests. A lot of the labor in the garden and fields was provided by local indigenous. People sometimes whole families would come to work allowing them to trade for items. In the hudson's bay company's indian trade shop farmers gardeners seeds been other laborers would manage the garden orchard in fields. They would be plowing sowing watering spreading compost and caring for plants so they would grow steersman farmers other laborers with ten livestock. It would fertilized soil and replenish nutrients. Tradesmen such as blacksmiths and carpenters would make or repair farm equipment skilled laborers around the flour mill which was used to refine the wheat barley enquiring into flowers and corn meals after harvesting there would be cutting bundling transporting processing and even packaging and storing. There will always jobs that needed attention. I don't know if we have time just for questions from the talent samy speaking. We actually running a little bit short on time so we can move into the big house now. Thank you sophia kiely. Bridget thank you with lane or your leadership and if it is okay to go off you it is okay to go off camera now. Go on youtube while we get megan jake henry on to lead the next portion of the tour and if you have questions at the end you may have questions about the gordon. Were bake house at the end of. We want to give time for the next team. Okay whenever the team is ready to start the tour of the bake house. I will advance the slides and play the video when you are ready. One in welcome to the bay cast out for vancouver. My name is jake in. This is my classmate in the pacific. Northwest is three class at washington. State's will together with megan of a curator from the national park service. We will be your tour guides for the next twenty five minutes. Logan everyone everyone you start going to show. A short video introduced vague videos on. Dodged if you have any questions off of the national public today still view of the big house. Single-story building a adult roof and the clemson. How dole writes most of the city of shows a five kuba. Staffer identified as range of ryan sitting wooden table. It's like the big house which features log free column various cooking insurance and assortment of other historical such as lanterns and barrels. All the table is alone was a paddle free. Seabiscuit sincerely state. You still inches are shown to go straight points. This building is called the big house it was used to big large quantities of seabiscuit. Gets also known as hard tack for the people who lived and worked in remote areas like vancouver. Finding enough food was an ongoing problem. Especially in the first years after trading post was established in the hundreds shows overview. Start with richard stockade protected. Many buildings inside there are other buildings strewn around outside of how to save wounds of since when been through was established making twenty five it was an abundance of wildlife on land and in the columbia river other. There were no shots or stores or places to order food and the fourth did not get into this so establishing the land was one of the first things for seabiscuit. Showed said onto a wooden table to show the first as a ship off the river. The second is to characters interacted with each other whereas this little back to shoulders alluded those skits provided basic nourishment. Some ninety four employees those who work near the ford those who worked at one of the small trading posts in remote areas the ship's crew to sail back and forth from england living i and bringing back suffice. They're also employees are small ships. That was up and down the pacific coast hunting and trading for i long as the seabiscuit is drive. It will ask them. Definitely the sea biscuit has big properly. It is as hard as a brick allergies. Something so hard. It was soak it in a cup of tea or added to soup. Or if that animal. Fats the biscuit Fried full biscuits should those. They also give a book with a costumed. Show making the five for the biscuits to be cooked. Then the muck used to rake codes of a sea biscuit by voted using a few but see into the makes me biscuits. a harvard. Fire was built in front of each ten foot by put oven. Once their pitchers reached the high court with fever. Move with a break. All the brooker. I've been floor was then swapped team with a wet rag on a whole of a scuffle. The firstly form don't be placed in the event with appeal. It would take for three hours video tapes in quick succession addressee. Feel we've raincoats of the we'd stalks. The heavily forested area a tree hill in the full shola with weights breaking obviously till fog images of people of the first showing a lot of the whole of social causes coaches. Gather together in fort stock. Act the second photograph of dr john book. You wanted to start a farm. What natural resources would you need a mild climate. That wasn't too hot or too cold rain rich soil to grow crops and trees. That could use the bill. Barnes fences houses. This area had all of those things including the columbia river that not only provided fresh food and water but also means of transportation or vancouver is only one hundred miles from the pacific ocean so ships from all over the world can sell thank you and trade for business applies by eighteen forty five farming and agriculture was a major part of the work at for hoover and most of the employees worked on the farm rather than in the for trade farm production contributed to the prophets. Well i'll think to reduce the amount of food that was brought in from elsewhere. In addition north thousands of settlers in the area that needed food and supplies is establish their farms. Dr john mclaughlin held many hungry. American settlers is day right. You're from oregon trip right and that includes the video meghan anything you would like to add or do we have any questions in the track so i just want to emphasize that the big house was such an important building of the ford. The people who worked at for being cougar. Who were called servants of the hudson stay company relied on biscuits fake house as part of their rations and in the in a chat acce- lane but a bit explanation of of the rations. Which is what a hudson's bay company. Employees will gut to feed themselves and their families mostly themselves and the basis daily ration for each servant in eighteen forty one included one and a half pounds a biscuit and on top about seed biscuits were provided to visiting ships for trappers handing out on traveling expeditions. Because would have been producing tons and tons of food to people to work here. Okay if you receive a tattle any kit today to take out the three to four point of the day chats image of the floor plan model and a photograph of the inside of the bishops. When you have here floor pool ready all still that. The diamond shaped area in the top rate coroner is pointing to your left. The arrows indicate wipe direction is not but we will be looking at this room as if we are facing east. The main feature. This room is at the top of thirty model. Next era these are the brick ovens may couch. There is arch at the base on the island. By a tile floor rate books fires of of the fire. The biscuits are few other things to point on your three year model. The entrance to the building is on the west wall. Closest to you represented by a raise rectangle on either side of the door represent windows. The bay cast is to start building and you can find the location of the stairs to the second floor. Near the north wombs monolith. A large work table is near the center of the room in two large storage unit. Used for flower set in the bottom right or south western corner. Megan could you tell us a little a little more about the work that was done in this room. Four so in this bill. Three to four bakers work bong hours in front of these massive twin ovens preparing bread and biscuit or hundreds of company employees. The ovens needed to be stoked intended around the car to ensure a consistent baking temperature so today we can set our oven or three hundred fifty degrees or whatever we need but back then they needed to work to maintain that temperature for things to fake properly. And it's possible that at least one of the bakers lived in the buildings addict to make sure the big house will always operating just as fakers to today of acres again. Were very early in the morning. In order to get any levin bread time to rise anything they are usually to the couch today by talking about the artifacts that many see city of each article painting portland season of the shed on three. Some of you received teeth beckett in a small paper honolulu filled with one ounce of loose tea or at least leaf tea as well as the heaton which is a metal fill which is a metal pin filled with twenty individual teabags. Megan can you tell us any more about these artifacts in where they can absolutely so here. We have a as you heard already a few different kinds of teas loose leaf tea bags. And you re remember from video. That seabiscuit made innovate house. Were very hard. And you might have remembered hearing the word heart tap which is another word i e biscuits. So they were. They were very hard and difficult to eat lane and not very good to eat so they would offend soaked in teed soup or greece to help soften or an flavor them and you might also remember. I might have been in the video. That seabiscuit are just made of flour and waters which isn't very young me so adding them to t- like the teas that you receive a summer of you or soup with help them a little bit of flavor he was also a very popular drink. Effort been cooper and archaeologists here often find of teacups and saucers that were left behind and buried underground. We are nearing the end. The largest health what we have any file flashing images wonder folks are up. Guys this is amy. I will look at the chat and read questions. There was a question about pre heating ovens. That was a really good question about maintaining a consistent temperature. A question is. I wonder if pisses where a tradition that we get were crackers or bread or mixed into soup where that comes from and another question is how did the the rations correlate with the work that was done. Could you talk a little bit about those elements of temperature needed for banking and our traditions around soaking crackers. Or read in soup. Meghan for in elaine of jump into. I'm not sure how long event starting therapist rolling up to see the original question. How long it would take to. Preheat the oven in the morning. Elaine you know anything about that. It took several years. As i don't know the exact time but you know i would think as much as six hours maybe longer to predate the ovens since they would many would remove the fine air so that they could big the big the breads and biscuits. They can kind of get sense. You know if it takes that. Long to preheat you. Don't wanna let the fire go out right. So that's why you need that a constant attention on that that oven and then in for you know dipping crackers into su. I'm not sure this is that comes from. But you know if you mix if you don't have a very young very good soup with a lot of ingredients putting crackers in it withhold. Make it a little harder muira and a little more philly too so that might also be part of why we add crackers and biscuits and binny's like that to suit. There was also a question. This is abc about rationing. What was the ration that laborers received it. We know that food was a really important factor as to why people chose to work. If we're been cooper yes Intern trying looking through the chat. Because elaine a good. I had put an answer. Getting there for the has been another question about rushton's asleep time. Yes let's go ahead and answer and also it's really good if you're answering questions to to sometimes reiterate your answers because not everyone has the chance to scan all of those responses. It's hopeful for the interpreters. Well thank you. So the question is did rations correlate with your work as far as the different levels of laborers or servants at the ford and the the rations were fairly standardized. Everybody all of the servants received the same ration. There's nothing in the records that indicate that people receive different things obviously as we mentioned in the garden Room the officers of the company and their families were eight a different diet than what the service but to answer the question. The servants all received the same ration. Assuming there was enough. You know as a as i mentioned the rashes change depending on what was available so it may be the case that you know if people would get court flour and so people would get reap flower just because of what was available so it's great it now. We do have some time for questions about the garden so if there have been questions about the garden or would like some time to discuss the garden as well as the bay counts. I like the way that the two teams decided the garden and the bake house together right because what should grow in the garden went right into the bake house for preparing for food so we do have time for that. Are there any questions that folks have about the garden or other questions about be caps. Megan i see a question about Okay so it was answered tests. Answer how do they keep the other hot. Without a fire commented the bricks in the ovens are made from one hold of he be easier to make it in a fire. I assume they're referring to bread you to talk about that. Megan like a a cake or something Hi guys i answered that. When to just a comment that the fire might char or burn biscuits by cooking them too quickly but the heat from the bricks that the oven is made from is constant and therefore very good for baking. Hope that helps. Thanks of into that that their grandfather us eat heart attack the end. Though with butter and soup we had some questions about the pollinators. Which flowers attracted the pollinators again. Okay pretty much all plants that flower. The purpose of the flower is to attract pollinators most garden plants. Such as flowers and vegetables are what we call insect pollinated of as opposed to grains and corn. Which are wind. Pollinated the win distributes the pollen and Fertilizes urnov fertilizes such But yes stance at the question. I couldn't possibly have all the flowers because they're all insect pollinated in the garden. I read that in. Europe was very common to have a lot of flower gardens. Contract is well and he. Leonard trestle yes to fertilize the plants. Which will help reduce ask will allow the plants seeds and fruits and other plants. So it's very important function of those question scare unless sorry if there's anything else about leaders mr super well beeson generals there are. There are other types of bees. Only also yes any beezer definitely the best of it or the question is what was on the second floor of the bay and the answer is that we don't completely down but From the records and when the reconstructed the bake house they looked at you. Know what big houses at forts look like. And what's been written about the for hoover big house and big thing. Perhaps that it was it might have been a leading orders or of at least a temporary quarters In that second story but in the modern reconstruction it is is storage area. In case you're wondering. And then i see another question here. That's how long did it take to build the modern day replica of the fort. And i guess i would answer that. It's not quite done yet. You know we don't have already construction of the fort that was there. In the nineteen hundreds of it began in the nineteen sixties with stockade in the chief factors house and the will be out into over the years as the national park. Service service for this place. Here's a question about this. Is amy about the the honeybees driving out the native bees. Does anyone know about this. Particular type of fees at air interactions well. I arrived out here in the pacific northwest with a settlers Not so much. With the hudson's bay company but lucy people were coming over from the united states coming out west and i don't think there's been a problem with the honey bees Kind of choking out. The native bees honeybees are pretty well contained and they kind of stay in their own space and do their little their do their jobs and they don't produce Expand in their population like some other insights might do so. It's something that i've specifically researched that. I don't believe that there's been any problem. This is amy. We have a few more minutes left before we transition back to our main room. It actually everyone in this room will stay right where they are. I had a question about Things that i've seen that certain volunteer gardeners still maintain the garden and actually volunteer bakers. May help recreate the heart attack. Or the the bread that was created Can you talk a little bit about what your volunteers today. And why that's important. Yes we do. It's mostly at our events. Like campers and candlelight which is a big event that we have every september where there isn't a global pandemic took a tracy mentioned the inr introduction so during special events so we do have volunteers. Who sometimes we'll fire up the ovens at an unbalanced straight and making her pet biscuits and this is amy. I actually saw some people. Using some historic practices like mulching. Mulching leaves grinding them up and putting the garden to bed just before before winter. Is there any comments. You can make about the practices that your volunteers still engaging laying gardeners really try very hard and drew very good job of making sure that they use methods that were employed during the hudson's bay company period. So they're doing the same things in the garden growing the same things and processing the foods out of the garden. Same way that the hudson up and he would have done very cool and one last really important question was about the indigenous peoples and tribes. They asked if such people came to the fore by choice and what was their roles. What were their roles at the fort yes. There were native people coming from all over north america including a lot of free and your new schone people coming to the north west work at for trade posts including four bird. There were also need to people from tribes throughout the northwest. Who would come to forbid over to work as well And indigenous people native hawaiians coming all the way from hawaii to work effort flavor as well so it was It was a job that was available and that s interested. It's something was for sure so it was something that people chose to do to engage a trade with a lot of cultures. Thank you very much for that. Wonderful question is is amy speaking about the different ethnicities and people. It was truly a multi cultural place a lot of intersections between cultures and a lot of learning. That probably was shared that maybe we still don't even recognize what was learned from indigenous peoples. And there's a lot of information being shared in the chapada about the chennault of clicking tat. Nation's air is more information on the fort vancouver website and what. I'm showing right now by choice. Is that our agenda is pointing us back into this main room where you are right now. We are going to transition in actually talk a little bit about careers at the ford. So we're gonna just take a moment here and pause. It makes sure that tracy and meghan and and tessa elaine alex doug and bomb from fort vancouver are back with us. We're going to have a little bit of a panel session with them to talk about their careers. So thank you very much to mr bowler's class at mr lowery's class really excellent job in helping guide the tour of the garden and big house all right so leeann can you tell me when we're back together and and ready to go hello. This is leeann. The other group ended a few minutes ago on. They've started rolling back in. So i just need to know who i need to highlight. So we'll be ready to go wonderful. So this is amy. We are highlighting. Just the folks at fort vancouver right now. I'm actually only gonna stay on camera for just did because i'm helping facilitate some questions so if you are not speaking. Let's go ahead and go off camera and stay on youtube. Please thank you so much. Where allowing doug and meghan tests. Tracy alex bob to come back With us now. Our special host from fort vancouver. They will be speaking terrorists in an answering questions about their jobs. Okay we do want to close and also say to those that were not able to attend both rooms. This these sessions will be recorded. You are also able to look at our website and hopefully learn about the other stations that you were not able to visit because of time all right. Let's go ahead and get started with our next section in the the agenda for vancouver staff you have been so wonderful to work with so delightful so easy so welcoming. We felt like this mobility matters. It was such a nice opportunity to work with you because of your emphasis on inclusion and accessibility and she were interested in making your fort in making this site this historic treasure More available to everyone so we appreciate that even during the pandemic more willing to share your time with us in open us up to your expertise and spent time with our teams and co creating event. But i'll be honest with you a lot of us including me. Don't really fully understand all of your different roles. We hear words like archaeologist and curator in ranger superintendent rounds keeper. We don't really know what all of those entail and we also know that people with visual impairments as well as the interested in careers with you an understanding more about something that make their curiosity a peak pinterest so let me go around and just ask some questions and maybe we'll i'll call on you intern but certainly just talk about your lives. In what interested you. Tracy whip start with you. How did you get interested in it being a doing weapon you do at the ford. And what is the superintendent. What does that really mean. Sorry thank you amy So i'm the superintendent for fake hoover. National stork site. And i'm responsible for ensuring that we do the best job we can in she this national park It's like running a city and so we are responsible for maintaining the buildings but the long arms had convinced faces obviously at our site. Archaeology is a very important part as well as a collection for many parts of the park a history had a chance to the point where public servants work for the federal government. And so we are here to serve the american people and also that many visitors who come from around the world to see or ankles so my job is to work with my And all the staff or fake puberty as well as about three hundred volunteers who support us and we have. I think about seventy five partners so it really takes a team of people working together to do what we do To do the best job that we do it for inquiry it's part of the national marxist and a little bit about me is young was didn't really know what i wanted to be when i grew up and i think that's the case with a lot of people and so I came to this as mice as a career by happenstance by. It was a wonderful opportunity for me in that way to my track. Bike trail follows skip. Here was really quite wonderful. And i've never worked for another organization within national friction. So i hope that helps. What did you study. this is amy. Where did you go to college. And what did what were your interests so I went to school. I went to college in graduate school. I also got an A b. a and a masters of arts degree and it was in public administration political science. I actually grew up overseas. And so i learned about being american from A far and when we were able to come home and for the summer vacations my parents often took us to national. Parks are but i was actually on my way to keep coming in league with the foreign service and when i was in graduate school my chairman suggested i apply for a summer graduate position with the national park service To be a policy or program in. I was selected to that position in that started my career with keystone much tracy. That was really great. Let's let's go to some others. What is a curator. Megan and how did you get interested in this. What did you study. Richard grow up or as a curator in the national park service. Is someone among who cares or easy and collection so that come from archaeology or that are donated by members of the public so caring those historic items and also make exhibits and sharon. The items with the public is they. Don't do a ton of good stored away. We want to share them online or exhibits Things like that so that's also part of the job. I grew up with the national park service. My parents were park rangers. Might first home was in a gover. National parks service housing. The grand canyon. Eat so i kind of always been around. And when i got to college i went to the university of washington. And i got a bachelor's degree in history and artistry and i've i got a master's degree in museology which is what the university of washington calls us studies and there are lots of different museum studies all around the country museum studies programs including in the northwest set at the university of washington. So that's where. I ended up and then Tesla's snatched me up. When i graduated and i've been here ever since you all seem really connected in close like a great team to work together to set. Let's go to you in and talk about your role within the party in your journey. Sure So i'm tussle langford and i am the cultural resources program manager Which can be a bit of a mouthful but it basically means that. I help with running the office. That protects and shares cultural resources. So things like archaeology museum collections landscapes and historic buildings etc So i have degrees in cultural anthropology Both my undergraduate and graduate work. was in anthropology and then i have a graduate certificate in museum collection. Care i. I'm here to tell you that it's never too early to start showing your interest in national parks Along with my mother. I started volunteering at fort vancouver as a teenager I think i was fourteen or fifteen So i was one. I grew up in vancouver. And i was just kind of one that was dedicated to being at the fort from an early age. does a seasonal and different jobs. And then after. I graduated from graduate school. I was able to become employed. Here i love. The trump is sizing that. It's not too early and for people that are online listening to this. This is why the wanted to share this with you is because it isn't too early for you to be thinking about your interest in volunteering your interest in careers. So we'll have time for questions at the end is well. Let's go to elaine. Who did such a nice job talking about the garden. You have a different role. It's a different title urine geologist. Is that right. That's correct I've been archaeologist with bark service for twelve thirteen years actually on staff and i was a research assistant during my time as a graduate student At the fort. Also and i have currently have a master's degree in anthropology. Archaeology is the discipline of anthropology. And i actually. I the path that i followed in order to be within working for the park service was through my schooling The park service has programs that partnered with students in universities to provide liza such as i was a research assistant and then you can also transition into a job with the park service through through that system. So that was how i managed to come to order for vancouver. This is actually my second career for many years. I was a graphic designer and I was tired of sitting into computer and felt like. I got doug what i wanted to do with that so and i'd always been interested in history and i thought archaeology with get away from the computer which was a little naive on my part but and then So debbie out in the field and address my lovers history so that was why how. I manage to make the switch from via graphic designers archaeologists. So i'm actually canadian So i kind of had a connection to the ford in that way So so. I really enjoy working here. I focused on landscapes. Which is how. I ended up doing my master's thesis on archaeological research of the garden at for vancouver. So i think that's that's basically a land has a story to tell us doesn't work very interesting but really back you know. In the earlier centuries people stood most of the time outside. And i'm interested in what they were doing outside those buildings so sure and i left a discussion about the river commie river in what it what role it played at. The ford is so critical for transportation and food and water up so those are all of the rivers in the area were they were the easiest way to transform them people goods so fascinating still still so useful today still so vital for all of us. Let's go to bob bob. Talk about your work with the blacksmith. Is that the the even that she worked with most costly for this event well over the last few years. I've rotated out of archaeology and back into it. I i was the arts chief of interpretation for a few years and when i was in that role in working with their interpreters had lover tears. I actually got to spend some time in the blacksmith shop. Then minimally learn how to be a blacksmith. I can i can actually operate the forge and get some iron houghton's hurts pounding away it. I don't think i can make a little more time in there But actually that's that was a fascinating thing. Because i've always looked at the blacksmith shop from the perspective as an archaeologist looking at the artifacts evan recovered there and you know analyzing artifacts but it's something entirely new who when you actually get the experience of what it was like to try and make these things out of iron and the process of blacksmith and that's a fascinating rose archaeologist. We actually ought experimental archaeology trying to replicate how people did things in the past and there is nothing like that hands on experience on doing something like that It's a wonderful thing about working for vancouver where we have this reconstruction that's based upon elements of the past where you can get the full picture. You can actually go back and try and get that experience okay. How were these things made how to make these things out of they do these things in some of the fun things at some of our volunteer archaeologist get to do. They spend time in an archaeological collection at they look at artifacts that were recovered. That were made by blacksmiths. In the past and then kate and oftentimes. It's even allowed us as archaeologists to better identify. Thanks because oftentimes we only get broken. Bits of things from the past. And so you know having those volunteers who are skilled as laxness they can look at those broken bits and try and replicate them. Sometimes they've been able to identify things that were previously identified so that can be a really fun experience. And i'm really thrilled. I've been able to spend time in the blacksmith shop shopping to get back to it in the future here. Of course it had a little shoulder injury. The last year and a half. But it's coming back to where i look forward to maybe doing some more volunteering at the blacks myself. Future facts really. Do tell us a story. Where did you grow up in. How did you get interested in becoming an archaeologist. Hikaru not too far from here. A little town called albany oregon and actually growing up in high school and then putting my way through college. I went to oregon state university. I worked on a grassy of all things and so actually. I was out plowing a field one day and i'm clogged up by aero set went back and took a look eh. Behold there was this rusty iron an actual iron for hurting clothing. Rickel sad irons and They're big cast of iron and they would actually eat it up on a stove then you would eat them up Use them as an iron on clothing and so at the end of the day. I mentioned the farmer inside. I know i've found this. This really rusty iron and i looked across the field right plowed and there was just sparkling bits of glass and pottery and all sorts of things out. There he goes. Oh yeah that was. My great grandfather's house was where we homestead that's an eighteen fifty thousand it burned when i was a kid. Right is yeah we plow over out and it just kind of caught my imagination. It's like you know not so long ago there was a house here. People living here. And i'd always been interested in history. I have a bad through degree in history. But i took an elective in historic archaeology. And it just really caught my imagination and actually started work on hudson's bay company sites at a site called shampoo. We state park which was actually settled by former employees of the hudson's bay company from fort vancouver who settled down in the valley so that caught my imagination as an archaeologist and became a goal to be an archaeologist at fort vancouver and there's days i still can't believe i have had this opportunity. I've been doing it for over. Twenty years. great thank you so much blitz goto Please share a little bit about your professional journey in the work that you do. So i grew up in the southwest and my mother was born and raised in gallup new mexico and so we would visit my grandmother gallup and my grandmother who is immigrant from loved indians and she loved going out on the reservation at ruins and we would go to all the different south western monuments like kenya shea grand canyon and all of the different national park service sites that were around gallup and so i was doomed from an early age to go into archaeology I wound up in pennsylvania. My dad was an engineer and we visited all the colonial sites and battlefields out in the east coast. And so. When i went into college i went and got a bachelors in anthropology with specialty in archaeology and then i went ahead and got a masters and a phd was at university of arizona. And i wound up in the pacific northwest arm and I i worked in a field called cultural resources management and that's in the private sector in awhile i had my own company and we would Study problems that had to do with developing areas for either roads or subdivisions to make sure that there weren't any archaeological sites gary historic sites or indian sites or union burial grounds. That would be a problem for the development and so i did a lot of that now in the park service i am. I work at the regional office. I do some of my work at fort vancouver. But i also work on historic sites in archaeological sites and other sorts of cultural resources throughout the west including a wii and the island territories. So one day. I might be looking at a chinese railroad workers camp in the high sierras and the next day. I might be looking at a ritual corey out in japan. So it's It's really quite a diverse job. And i really love. It also mentioned that. I work with many different cultural resources professionals. He all like curator's like megan Intesa archaeologists obviously but also people that look at historic structures user called historical architects and they specialize in how preserve old buildings. I also work with cultural landscape architects. People that are very interested in preserving old landscapes historic trees plantings around historic buildings. That sort of thing. So i also worked with historians and archivists Instilled there's a whole range of fields just dedicated to preserving these really important parts of our our past that's important it's so vital. Our past is not really override. It connects to our present and it helps us make decisions in the future and hopefully learn about who we want to be in the future from the past and we know that several folks got to Leave but we also want to leave some time for questions. Let's quickly go to alex. Alex tells us about your job at the ford in about your journey to tune to what you do we'll Outer of zulia vendor a forbade I grew up in california and my parents. At the time i was about four years old and they just always love instruction building and that ends started studying in stark reservation. I gotta scream cream of his his his arranged and then back to school after that associates long no way around study construction management ended up your and just love the preserving a fabric bill acids. So that's what i do here. It's a healthy old buildings as bartlett slowly manager. My world is different than you're wearing the goya's operations maintenance so under sloss for for the day-to-day operations of all buildings and facilities grounds of art. Some in also says the word nigger art so making sure that our bergen are the water. Or maybe you're doing such a fabulous job. Let me just say to to be open to the community to be learning to be partnering with the community. It's off it's always a journey right. Just like operations and maintenance. Oem an orientation mobility. Were still always learning new ways to to do that to do that. Work and it is operations and maintenance is really really important. I want to encourage everyone who hasn't had a chance to visit fort. Vancouver when this pandemic it's passed us when we are all vaccinated or more closely vaccinated for you to make the trip actually. Go see the grounds that alex's describing in that everyone is describing we're gonna take about ten minutes now and open it up to your questions. There was a question specifically for bob about some of the items that he may have have made so. I'm going to scan quickly. But if i've missed a question leeann please feel free to read it out loud to the panelists bob. I texted enhancer back that i am not skilled enough yet to actually make something useful. Actually my best. I've only really spent about ten hours before. Ge's total so i did make a very crude nail but I wouldn't trust. It's actually much of anything together. I need a little more. It's actually a lot more time. In the bicycle shops make something useful. It would be interesting to like make a hand trowel for excavation or something like that in the bucks shop but i think i'm going to have to work up to that all right. Thank you bob. There's a question about hunting and fishing in the winter and the preservation of rations for year. Round your round preservation. Is there anyone that would like to comment on on sustenance on hunting and fishing and practices that you're aware of it's the question thinking of i just keyed in response to that Because they as it's the right one that they were asking people were just wait it out and what. It indicated was the hudson's bay company provided rations all year round. And that's why it was so important to why they focused so much on foods that would preserve through the winter when dried beans and dried corn. Things like that and dried system So so they. Labor is provided with rations all winter long but then hugging the climate is fairly. You know say balmy but Pleasanton the pacific northwest and hunting and fishing critic continued all winter long. Also so so. There was a wasn't really a waiting it out. There was food available. Amy one of the questions that came on very early on was when we took our walking tour around the fort and saw the buildings. One of the questions is why arthur very many buildings in the middle. They seem to be on the on the outer edges. I can take that off. This is doug at the height of the fort actually had two courtyards in the middle in that was used for outdoor activities and then the main buildings were gathered around those courtyards and so In front of the first store for example they would use that outdoor area to bring out the first to beat them like little rug to get all the dust off into make sure that they were aired out and so they would be used utilizing that courtyard space for a variety of activities question There was a question about more of the gardening practices if some additional comments can be made about the usefulness of those gardening practices today. Elaine I suppose they must be referring to the sustainability practices. Think okay Yeah they're they're. It's as they relocated when you're talking about the garden It's very important actually to if you are going to be using the land to try to use it in a way. That is sustainable. We have plenty of evidence that shows that the methods that we've been using adding chemicals and and Things like that are not good for the planet so if everybody could make an effort of their to do things not just gardening but many things in the sustainable fashion that will help to protect the planet. Everyone really in that vein. Aaron hedda questioned about wanted people to with their waste garbage. It went into the garden after the had gone to a certain amount of processing and plus. Doug might be better for this. This is his specialty. But people didn't generate nears which garbage as we do now so over to you so You know all archaeologists aren't really in waste because that's what is left behind after people leave so The refuse piles of the hudson's bay company inside the fort was right behind the buildings and just dumped it out of doors and windows. sewage They had a thing called a privy and that was an outdoor out. House out house Which was rain from the buildings he would have been right on the edges of palisade. And that's where people would have Conduct the bathroom and it was just basically a hole dug in the ground And they had a special type of ceramic container inside the houses. It kind of looks like a soup tureen. But you would never wanna have soup out of it. It's called a chamber pot in that chamber. Pot would've been used for people. They was late at night and they had to get up into the bathroom. They would go in the chamber pot and then someone in the morning would come and dump that stuff in the privy part of life. This is amy life and it's part of recycling too. So thank you for answering that question. There's been a couple of questions about this. This life of blacksmith. I think the blacksmith role is kind of fascinating for a lot of people who attended today The one question was what two blacksmith skit breaks. Did they did they ever earn some time. And maybe if someone could describe kind of what the day in. The life of a blacksmith was and i know in one of your videos. That talks about that. Being a blacksmith wasn't attractive job because of the benefits and the foods that people would have access to as part of their payment. I can try and take this loan. So i kind of talked about this event. Also during the breakout session. Compared to today i think a lot of people would think. Being a blacksmith is a hard way of life right he would be was very physically demanding. You're hammering on ir. You're standing next to a hot forge all day The evidence is the blacks messier for vancouver. Probably doing about twelve hours of work a day. They did get breaks. All the employees got a breaks. Actually a tea breaks as well as a lunch. A formal lunch break. We really don't know about time off other than during the holiday season. Spend christmas and new year's almost everybody at for vancouver got almost streak off and a really through elaborate parties and had dances and took us rate work and the company would have directed what the blackness were making You know there was a need for access for trade than they would set up the blacksmiths and tell them hey we assets of the might be making accidents for a street week as they're building up towards the brigade season we need more of you know beaver traps so suddenly the that's what they're having to make probably for weeks on end is just fever traps and again it just depended on what the was. Oh we're going to construct a new building. We need door hardware right. So they're going to be making strap inches and thimbles or nails. Sometimes they would have to make nails other. The evidence is a lot of nails were actually shipped in remanufactured from england. So you know if. I'm sure it was repetitive. Work because again. It's like the company needs axe heads. So you'd for a week or two. You might just be making dozens. Max so it might get kind of tedious because you're getting the same thing over and over and over again but again let's during the winter it was colder then it is now named. We have mobile changed. What's interesting is the columbia river used to freeze over almost every winter. You could literally walk across the ice and it's almost a mile wide year for vancouver so it definitely was cold in the winter and it rained all the time or snow of being inside next to a hot forge was probably a pretty nice perk of the job winter but as i mentioned during the breakout session a fits july and august and it's in the eighties or nineties. You know it's. It's gonna be a hot job because you're standing next to a very hot for so it kind of depended on the season as to how nice it was in the blast shop. So there are a lot of pluses and minuses. To being a blacksmith. Just like almost any job. You could think so much for this wonderful panel discussion of your jobs and your roles at this point in time. I know there are dozens and dozens more questions. We will try to answer some of those questions off line and via email for you. We also want to direct you back to the fort vancouver website if becky could post the fort vancouver website the mobility matters website also has some of those sound clips and directions for sowing your seeds if you got seeds from us other Videos will be posted there for you to watch again. That's another important thing. That i want to mention before we go over to our sponsors. It is really important to us to hear from you about what you thought of this event because we're learning to at the university about how to host more accessible events how to be more inclusive of our community so we would love to hear your feedback on this event using a survey and becky is going to post that survey in the chat hot you will also receive an email. Please take a minute or two in complete that survey because they're really helps us learn about how to make the world a little more inclusive will share those results of the survey with our partners at fort vancouver to they're very interested in in supporting accessibility and inclusion in this last portion of the event we're going to hear from some of our sponsors liked to turn it over i two tracy said she's here with us As one of our lead sponsors who donated so much occur staff time and resources to supporting us Tracy you also shared some resources about employment that we posted on our website employment with the national park system that we wanted to make sure that everyone from across the country from the uk or where these employment opportunities. Tracy thank you amy. I'll be brief. I just want to know on behalf of the national park service in portland fever national historic site. Are we feel privileged to be part of this. Today he is really a wonderful experience. the the staff here We got to meet some of them here. This virtual online offering I hope that you all can make it to the national park in visit us in if not at four in coober another national park in the national park system. It's so important. I like to say that Who we are as people as americans. It's reflected in our national parks. National parks are the excuse me parks when you go to like the grand canyon go. Ooh that's really big there Or you sumati yellowstone the everglades whether alligators And of course. The like no rushmore. Women's rights there so many places to go and I think there's something for everyone in a national park so please take that offer you last year any to now it's been really tough because of the pandemic but this will pass and we will be able to gather together and i just love. She's on that fort vancouver's Doors are always open and welcoming year to comments in time with us and this is the beginning. I've shared with amy scott began. We're here we're committed We walked to do the best job. He can serving all our visitors. And so this is just a tremendous in thank you. We've tried to partner at a couple of other things And we're gonna keep doing that. And i hope that we'll be able to interact with in the future. So thank you very much and we really really appreciate this. I see that tina is here. Tracy traveling we are. We are those are. That's music to my ears that we will that we will continue to partner with you. Thank you so very much. For sharing the beautiful part of of america that we can be proud of which is a multicultural multi-cultural and rich and diverse history that we share Tina ankle is our associate dean at the college of education. And also someone who's very passionate about inclusion as a rehabilitation his in in counseling and she's here to welcome you and say a few words about our college of education at portland state university. Thank you all for having me On behalf of the college of education. I just wanna thank He parker and all of the faculty and staff and the department of special education at psu notes so much time and energy and effort goes into this wonderful conference and i have been fortunate enough to attended person. I think the first year when it was held in the college and Sent some of my alumnis from the rehabilitation counseling program to participate. So i just want to thank you and for the work that you're doing. That's so important for community access and inclusion for all all people just to have that universal ability to participate in mobility is of central tibet. And i'm very passionate about access to of work workforce and i studied career development. And without that i mean we see transportation across the world really is one of the number one barriers to be able to participate in the in the workforce. So the work that you all are doing is critical to that. I appreciate your vision and your commitment to this. And i'm so honored that the college of education is able to do this work with you in a very small way to through partnership thank you. Let's go now to our partners at another portland state university before we go to our partners at american printing house for the blindly and my partner in crime and hosting this event today Would molly please come online. And share a few words about the work of the digital cities testbed senator who supported are interpreting the ports today very committed to inclusion as well. And you so much a b. m. to everybody and congratulations to dr. Amy parker mr steve. Lowery curator megan mr-leinen guerrillas. Sorry if i'm mispronouncing your last name. All the interpreters captures in teachers and everyone who helped make this possible today especially the students. It was so exciting to see people from all over the country here. I've worked with one of the sponsors of this event called the digital city testbed center on and that is a program at portland state university. One of the things we do is to look at. How new technology can help people with disabilities get around cities safely and easily stuff like an app on your phone that shows or tells you to get somewhere or different kinds of signs that tell you where you are. We were pa- community members in portland oregon as well as teachers at portland. State university feeding. Dr amy perk. I'm sure some of your familiar with the phrase. Nothing about us without us. This means that people with disabilities should always be involved in developing the tools. That are supposed to help them. In a dc t see. We believe that working with the community is super important. So thank you for your participation. today we're so happy to support this event. I thought the tour was off. Some and i hope that other national parks will work on developing tourist. Like this one is the thank you molly. We could not have done this event. Holly doctor holly lawson whose on screen with me. Who helped coordinate this event with me at who helped lead the three d. printing team that sent out all three d. printed models We could not have done this without you. The end and without the american printing house for the blind to help purchase the supplies from the gift shop that went out to everyone who helped with the captioning for today. Who helped host with this wonderful room and who also helped semi a message and be more inclusive so that we can truly have a representation from united states. I mean that's really wicked. Cool right so talk to us about your work in sure. One of the things that i just wanted to say is the american. Printing house for the blind has been around a very long time and so those students out there. If that sounds familiar it might have been written on. Some of your books could be written on some of the materials. You're using some of the electric devices you might use. So that's probably why it sounds familiar. But you don't usually hear from us. So i wanted to let you know. That's why it sounds a little bit familiar. We've been hosting actually learning activities for students three days a week now in the east coast time from three to four. You get to do the on figuring out what time that is in your time zone. And you're welcome to join us live or you can feel free to catch the recordings on our youtube channel. These are built for people who don't see or don't see it all so lots of description. Lots of words but it is always captioned for that need. that's worked. That's just a little taste of some of the things we have for. Students ought to the equipment and books for you as well. And then. if you're an educator out there realize we have professional development available to you to we have professional development. That's live where you can actually get in there and ask questions and then we also have a synchronous instruction on a learning management system so you can continue to learn this partnership was wonderful. It allowed us to reach many people in different walks of life. And i truly am looking forward to the opportunity to maybe tour a different fort or historical landmark again and make it a truly accessible experience. So thank you for inviting me and our wonderful team at a p h. Along amy absolutely so pleased to complete your surveys. We also thanked the washington state. School for the blind. Mr lowery mr bowler in all of the students who participated today in shared your expertise. They were co creators with us at wsb chose not to say some final words of but we do think scott mccollum and we think sean the cormick from washington state school for the blind for their leadership in the support of their staff and students for participating today. Please do complete the survey. We are ahead of schedule. We are finishing our time ahead of schedule. Also thanks to our portland state. University students who engaged in three d. printing project sometimes trying to print Twelve floor plans day. They were doing that. Dr holly lawson sent out reprinted machines to use so that our students could create that do visit our website. You have access to those files at access to many other cool things. There are eight years later. Everybody thanks for your time. I want to say thank you to our interpreters and those that provided are closed captioning. It truly makes it an an environment where everyone is included. Qadir thank you. Wsb student is. This is the end of this section and Your possibility your teacher has asked for you to join a different link at two pm just for you. You have wonderful words in the chat. You rocked it so great if you are listening for something called an a. c. r. e. p. code if you know what it is off on their good catch jeff healey aided by henry thank you. Hi how they keep coming back over on a friday afternoon rica. first of all. I just want to say regarding the event. Congratulations henry. keeley have heard already from so many people how How pleased they were how much they enjoyed the event in a major leadership. So thank you very much for being for stepping out and for trying something new for helping the event will so we've got Charles that's coming in you. Go and turn your microphone long becky. I think we could probably just stay in the same room you'd like to. Should we wait a few more minutes for others to come in to see if they will just still still early. You know maybe a couple of minutes. We could maybe accurate two more minutes. And then it's also henry and charles. We appreciate you all coming on time through. I respect your time to get you started. Yeah and then that thing If you wanted to put some vicinity breakout room we could go ahead and start so hickey. Leeann henry and charles could go ahead and start on time if you wanted to. Okay yeah that way here. You're getting your commitment over with we. Respect your time so Becky did you want me to stay in the main room and for you to go in the break number or do you want a direct me into the breakout room with qiwei at returns either way. Let me never assigned a break- room singing a questions ready to. I have the questions ready. I'm ready to go well. Maybe i'll put you in there and then we'll join or you'll stay in this main ornamental. No one else comes. Then you'll come out over oral. Close a breakout room and then walked his back. Okay we'll while the recording. We just don't want to mess up with a record okay. I'm just not sure if we can all leave. The main room comes comes tori tori. Hi four that story. Yeah amy what do you think should we all. Just start in this room at this point or we could split into two and two and headed start. We'll go ahead and start in this room. Sounds good whoop. Everybody's everybody's freddie just to roll on he should i. Should i go ahead and start than key. Want me to kick it off or do to stir What we have this intro to read through. I could do that kick off the questions. All right buddy. My name's becky. I'ma psu students. And i hoped to organize mobility matters. I wanna i thank you all for participating. I think it went really well. And i was really impressed with your student. Leadership So thank you for agreeing to participate in today's focus group discussion as you know your parent or guardian received reviewed the consent form for this project. And you also received the assent form and you both agree that it's fine. Free to join the discussion. The purpose of this study is to explore what promote student access. Engagement self-determination in enjoyment during the virtual field trip. We just have six questions for the group and we think that our conversation will last thirty to forty five minutes. So it's your choice to answer or not answer any questions if we start the purpose group and you change your mind about participating. You're welcome to stop. We're going to record the meetings so we can write down. The ideas from the discussion and the recording will not be shared outside of the research team. So that's mean. This study focuses on your learning experiences at the virtual field trip is considered to be low risk. Study because the topic of the research is not sensitive or controversial in. Ray we'll do our best to protect your confidentiality by not using your names in our work in keeping information from our focus group on a bus protected server a if you have any questions before or after the focus group. You're welcome to ask them any questions at this time before. We s Speaking right now tori. So why did you guys decide to set this focus. Group of this is amy. I love that question. The whole thing that we're studying here with this This focus group is really your perspectives as leaders. So we wanted. We want to understand from your perspective as students. What you learned about yourself and what you think was effective about the experience. Okay okay sounds good. Okay any other questions okay. We'll we'll go ahead and start recording so that we don't miss anything that you say and thank you reported. Okay so the first question for you guys is describe your role at the virtual field trip afford vancouver. Torey go ahead torie role in the fort. Vancouver virtual Was a tour guide of the bat. Snus loan to a god. Bathhouse charles. Charles go ahead. I was a tour guide for the first store. The tune account for the garden for the historic garden keeley. You know what's so amazing is all four stations are represented by the force for student leaders. Who are here. I am so excited. Thank you very much. Verdy entered the first question and the second question goes along with that and it just slipped away from my screen becky. Do you have the second question. The second question is what did you learn about fort vancouver by helping to boost this event tori go ahead tori between i learned from this is that it's okay to be nervous neon the floor. The blacksmith shop is instead of wood so nothing taxes on fire and i was definitely nervous before the event are. Go ahead charles. The scene i learned is that i should will like tori. I should always so confident in myself. And i did feel confident and that a lot of the tool another thing is a. The tools are going to recover. I learned that they were all made by hands. A like i at the blackfish shop and that in like a like a week four week. Straits alexis axes. That's once they learned that would add up to twelve word that Wake the tower at the top left of on your way picture of the four vancouver power. I assume that like they shoot a like china's boy on the jersey of announcements that shift for going into now that's been ashdod ki. Ay y different ways saw people use to make their gardens. Sustainable thank you kelly. Yes and i really appreciate that that you were all very brave and stepping out as tory said feeling nervous. That's something that that everyone who was involved. I'm sure even your teachers felt a little nervous about helping hosts such a big online event. So that's really normal and It is something that you can be very proud of that. She a resisted the third question. You're already rocking through. The questions is what did you learn about yourself or others on the team. Through this process of helping hosts the event tori tori. I learned to be confident. Is usually what i of audience sometimes give a little nervous. That's a great thing to learn. As i'd be like kind of weird subtypes defense not at all. I think very humid because there. Thank you tori other. charles charles. I learned to be patient. During the event blurting states out excited to be stick bright so giving yourself more time to pause before responding. Yes yeah that's how it is with me too great others. What did you learn about yourself or others. Through the process of helping host the event which is an atlantic awesome. Okay keeley you want to answer anything about that question or different for all different finery I learned about myself that That i can. I can do a lot of stuff like a great great. Yes it does take practice to to try new things out at take on new roles league. You were saying something about that. We're all doing tanga processing. You sure this this learning about others to keely that people are all different in that. They have different strengths. One nice okay. Where it onto the fourth question. Then in your opinion what were the most successful parts of the event and why charles sure most successful vent in my opinion was probably when i spoke late cart like i did that pretty well and i felt like i had crisis it a lot and i felt like the practice had paid off healthy so Credited towards a great feeling. Go ahead. Torie well for me. It was that i was confident and they did pretty well speaking or i think he did too. I think a lot of people said that about about all of the student leaders that they were impressed with Your confidence and speaking yet. I is like okay and i think this question too is also about any other parts of the event that you felt were successful not just your role. Although your role is very important but What other parts of the event that you thought were successful Can you give them a couple of reminders of some examples of saints. Oh sure mr lowery. Yeah so we. During the event you heard an introduction from tracy's superintendent that the word inch talked about with was and then megan and i to tour with the tactile out that you had a copy of You also had other things in your learning kits like those artifacts and the three d. printed floor plans of writer i think citing materials easily. What's successful Say vermont story. We were just all husks too late space to finish your thought. Okay oh i in my opinion is that on what i saw here when i was practicing it to all the naturally doing it because like for me i feel like it's easier just by myself instead of implantable whole crowd my i think what will will worry. I agree with that too. are each building. Want to learn a little bit about insurance of buildings it makes you want it to or the support now. Doesn't it when we go in there. Better weather and check all the stuff out. Pretty young before for Skills camp It was tori. Who said that an incident fact. Is i for before birth and moved to to go to school advocates will put a blind eye flirted. Only those important be amazing like we may have lost any. Yeah so i'll jump in. So were there any other things like that. Mr lowery brought up the materials or the different arts of the parts of this slower. You like the different stations. Yeah any of the materials that you received addicts tale increase. Something really quick sure is through speaking by the way to go out in the you know slide show for the two-round before it was kind of loud three right while noises. I saw someone else comments in the chat that that was very loud. I put in the chat. That i write voices i understand. They have really good hearing make it clear to understand helping to lead out. Yeah thrilled got lost about loss. I wasn't following along with pre fast. It did were you saying something. Heavily count stood. How maquette lenovo clear when the math. What about those three d. printed floor plans without. I've thought those critical come right. Okay let's move onto number five two more questions so this one is in your opinion. What parts of the event weren't as successful or could have been improved her to trying to sing o charles who had an opinion kind of went a little long so maybe we could have shortened it and not did the sponsors that have been idea like Like once we lakewood astor the question after the panel by tens. The rangers Goodies it Likes well thank you. Everybody for joining us. Data circle for hoover brian to stop there. We agreed definitely agree. Yeah you thought it was a little long to tori. Select break in the middle. Yeah for me was almost fall asleep. I got a headache near the end. I had to get up for seconds to dislodge around waco ideas about what could have been improved. Tores while sounds great. But maybe the person who's the slides lake turn down the volume a little bit. And i thought there could have been like a more towns like my personal like my personal and i was like i will allow the fire in most was one. Oh i thought about other thing baby when you during the walking tour. Maybe she'll be inside of the building as you show the exterior Syria i agree. I agree with that. Did you have any thoughts about what could have been improving the interior too. The building not just the outside idea right. Well we have one more question okay. Good number six. How might you use what you learned during this experience in the picture story. Go ahead torie when Be more confident to an ideal more hosting things If we ever do like cysts again. I can always take lights since i learned during this and apply them to to this again to like The local of redo the mobility matters again. I could do something like that. Like a playa to save same learned. Yeah he missed. A larry question. Do we do this every year. Or is this just a new thing started re up until last year. We've always taken our pacific history class on a busy field trip to the ford and we did go last year in the fall before schools dismissed. But this is the first year that we've tried anything. Virtual like this in really it. Was you know through the leadership of psu. In collaboration with a lot of folks that we were able to pull together this like big and comprehensive of a of a virtual tour so yes it's brand new for me all of us this year right anyone else have anything else. You wanted to add to that last question. How might be what you learned during this experience in the super off this amy i got cut off from the internet. Can you hear me. okay. Yes yes federal tori speaking. Hey tori So i had a question maybe has a follow up about careers or opportunities for jobs or volunteering or what she might use in the future. Could you talk a little bit about anything that comes to mind in that regard issue. Learn anything about archaeology or yeah. I wanna be tennessee. Guests set kinda ties endless archaeology on some kind of scientists. Not a archaeologists. Oh and even know Covert going on and everything i saw of. I thought the virtual tour for coverage still weren't really well even though coke charles. Charles i wanna be zoologist when i grow up and i could I could always work for the national park service as woah gist. I want to be a chemist Involved you know randall. We're talking about that. Well i think. Chemistry is involved in archaeology. Tories i do. I think that maybe is. They uncover those fragments of artifacts of historical pieces. That they probably have to use a special procedures there. There may be some other connections with chemistry and zoology charles. That's that is a real interest. The national park does. Many national parks have extensive wildlife living on them land bison of goat's That is not out of the question of. Hey is there anything that you learned about jobs that you can think of that. That comes to your mind park service. The park service curled and tracy fortman actually started by volunteering during the summer. May try that sometime and see what it's like to help with. When the year is that they do with the fragments. Then i like him sees actually like for it. Put a lincoln that for you. It's a little youtube video about how carbon dating works. Which is a direct tie where you would use chemistry archaeological setting. We'll i tapped lincoln. I'm gonna watch the video after this girl you know so i. This is a be speaking. I know that you were saying that. The the ending part was maybe a little drying with the ranger speaking. But i know that that was the part that they wanted to share about their so. If we could make up a little more interesting in the or that we could take your point as leaders about having a little bit of a break so that people can rest their eyes and go to the bathroom and just stretch run talk about careers that might have made it better or easier. Nats for sure definitely definitely taken the of well. Thank you very much for your time. Is there anything else you'd like to share with us. Anything that that comes to mind that you'd like to share. Well when benn of these. That i have my tonsils and adenoids removed when i was ten almost eleven in the first grade. Yes this is Lx henry's father so this is for all the student leaders at y'all work hard practice and henry night practiced on the reading and Views pretty nervous. I was nervous of a little bit nervous but you all practice and were very successful in two very large group of people. How do you think this experience might make it easier for you. In the future to even present in more information and healthshare learning experiences to other groups even after covid women minutes each other. And that's a really hard one. I'm sorry to say but that is true. I was really nervous to practice alike. I practice that in my head by there could be like groups of out. Mommy people other times. That's true that's true vakili to see that it would be a smaller audience. This was with a lot of people. I think you also made. We heard back from some people who said that their favorite part of the event was you. You all yes was years that maybe maybe because use chaired and you were brave and didn't let your fears overcome your ability to participate that other kids may be inspired to take on leadership roles. That's that's i think. That's a huge. I think your your sweats. And you're being nervous really. Being a leader means being responsible being viable needs collaborating with your peers and it also means reflecting back on on how things went during now demonstrating really good leadership skills also i put link to volunteering more about the national park service in tap on that you all are now known no leaders with the folks at least at our local national park service office and so i'm so happy with them. They're welcome you. Write your network. I look loves to help out in the national park service sunday because then help you know with artifacts. Did you know that special process. There's it sounds like we got her question. So we close to wrapping up end before any becky and of us today. The students that are here. I wanted to share with you. Some feedback that mr i received after the event mr hallam is our superintendent was there. They were concerned. Mr maccormick was there. A lot of your fellow. Students were there as participants. So the mr mccollum civically said mr bean i e mail and so i think it's good for us to share that with you moved parts of this also. Forgive me if i got a pause detail. At today's effort from ability matters was truly exceptional said. Each student did an amazing job with their part in couldn't be more proud student. Voice is something that we all are always looking to center in our work in this effort provided authentic opportunity for that and on a national scale. I appreciate that. Our students were meters in this work. Is i hope that you have a wonderful weekend. I know that. I will because of what our students demonstrated today. Smile a lot by the way that it's bad of legal. Think how you inspire your fellow students. Also all right. Well thank you all very very much. We will follow up with mr lowry. And mr be after this event. This is amy speaking. But becky and i are very honored to have this time with us. Thank you for spending your time with us and sharing your insights as student leaders. Thanks for my everybody later. Remove recording has stopped across the islands on keiichi. Mb and this is your source for breaking news in the morning news now sunrise. Have breaking news to report out of compton california. Here's a live. Look at a few fire. That is raging right now. This is an an industrial area flames and several structures at least eight houses. I'm sorry eight buses. No injuries reported so far. It's not clear exactly what caused it. We'll keep you posted. I in fda panel decides today on whether to recommend the johnson and johnson vaccine who would benefit the most from the one dose shots approval department of homeland wants to buy this large property and beach. Now once input. On what to do with it. Casey llamas live with more on that proposal and a man is shot while walking dogs belonging to lady gaga. Now there's a massive reward for the return of the superstars beloved pets witnesses share. What happened in the attack and what they saw. Meanwhile wendy yesterday to be windy day but a little less. Yeah you're right. The winds are expected to ease up someone tonight but just a little bit. Still going to be brisk and breezy and pick up again. On saturday night. There will be some passing showers but another disturbance moving towards maui and the big island could trigger some thunderstorms there tomorrow and the east swells generated by those strong winds continues so the high surf advisory continues are going to be a little bit of something something with regard to sell schwarzer. So that wind advisory extended until tonight for parts of maui county parts of the big island those areas shaded in yellow could get gusts upwards of forty five miles an hour that could lead to down trees. Maybe even some spotty thunderstorms we'll have a closer look at it. Seventy forecasts coming up in a few minutes. Now let's see what's going on out in the roads lacey and problem to tell you about. We've got us power outage over in the white nine unequally areas in west who just under forty customers are impacted so far. I've been checking in on. Some of the traffic lights are working. But if for some reason it goes out treated as an elway stop traffic flow as you had tombaugh that's whooping nicely right here through nanakuli and all the way onto the h one freeway also. We now have the zipper open at the managers drive. Overpass enlight killing so smooth. Drive this morning as you're heading in from the west and taking a look at the map no other hotspots to tell you about that. Then things that courses at thanks a lot guys. It's bubble one right now the. Us could have its third cova vaccine very soon and fda panel will vote on whether to recommend johnson and johnson's one shot vaccine today. If the committee votes in favor of the vaccine it will likely get full approval. The single dose vaccine is sixty six percent effective against the virus. While that is lower than pfizer and madonna. Here a couple of things to consider. Johnson and johnson's vaccine is a hundred percent effective against hospitalizations and deaths experts. Say that is what is really important here. It has also been tested against some of the variant strains if given emergency authorization today health officials. Tell us that. The one shot vaccine could be in hawaii as soon as next week. It is well suited for homebound people. Those in rural areas inmates the homeless and high school and college students a new shot. That's effective i would take. Most of my friends do agree that we should be getting the vaccine as soon as possible. A third major vaccine also means that the state in hospitals can open up more clinics experts. Say that by. May the state could be giving out a hundred thousand shots every week. Having today's state lawmakers will hold an informational briefing on what he's vaccine plan. There will be updates from the state department of health on vaccine distribution availability for those seventy and older and more details on as one c of the state's plan. That briefing is going to be streamed live at one pm. You can find it on the hawaii. Senate youtube page. January was another dismal tourism month dampened by quarantine. And it wasn't just here. Howard is here to explain powered morning guys. Even as hawaii sought to safely ease quarantine rules west coast. Jurisdictions went the other way seattle and portland recommended ten days self quarantine for residents returning from trips san francisco and los angeles required visitors down eighty percent from last year. Coli down more than ninety six percent the naval facilities engineering command pearl awards a california based construction venture forty two million dollars in business to build a better missile base on guam same location better infrastructure and mississippi based vertex twenty five million on work on airborne threats simulator. Some of that work to be done on kauai. The biden plan for a fifteen dollar. Minimum wage could founder in the senate. The neutral parliamentarian says senate rules do not allow putting in cova dade. The house expects a vote on colvin stimulus today. And i'm reading that the house vote will still include the minimum wage which means the bill cannot possibly pass the senate the way it's being written on wall street this morning. The dow is down more than two hundred points guys. Thanks department of homeland is seeking beneficiary input on what to do with an eighty acre piece of land at a beach. Rtc line is live this morning with more on this. Hey casey hey. Good morning guys. This is the old pacific nami warning center here in ever that eighty acre parcel of land that you're talking about acquiring it would use up a ten million dollars of a sixteen point nine million dollar credit that the hawaiian homelands trust has with the federal government. First morning though we're taking a closer look at the weightless for housing through the dhl beneficiary study was released last month showing just how long people are waiting in. Why we'll dig into why in just a moment but first here are some of the numbers. Twenty one percent of beneficiaries has spent more than thirty years on a list. Nineteen percent twenty one to thirty years and eleven percent of waiting sixteen to twenty years. That means more than half have been waiting for more than fifteen years. Most of the people on the list are fifty five and older. They make up more than sixty nine percent. Forty nine percent. Turn down an award more than once. Twenty-seven percent turned down an award. Once and twenty four percent have never turned down an award from. Dhl there on the wait list. That does not mean that they were never offered housing. In fact at least forty nine percent say they've turned down an offer more than ones but d. h. l. officials say that number could be higher because survey respondents might have been confused about understanding when they've been offered an award here are some of the reasons they said for declining offers. Keep in mind that more than one choice was allowed. And that's why the total above one hundred percent fifty one percent didn't like the location thirty five percent say they were simply not ready. Twenty five percent. Say they didn't have enough money for the down. Payment twenty two percent were worried they would need to find a new job. Fifteen percent said their income was too low to qualify for the mortgage for that property. Eleven percent said the housing prices were too high. Nine percent said they would have to relocate finding a job eight percent said they didn't like the unit that was offered a dha each l. Spokesperson said that one of the challenges they face rewarding locations is that they can only build where they have. The land plus a lot of people are unwilling to move. Say if you live in koneohe. Hey moving to nanakuli might be a problem because you have roots on the windward side. He also points out. The beneficiaries would not have to move islands. They can get on the wait list and wait for the island of their choice. So we're going to have a lot to discuss. I know that was a lot of numbers to throw you. We'll be speaking with the chair. The deputy chair from the about this piece of land and a lot of other really important topics stick with us throughout the morning. Johnson right. All right thanks casey. Fresh produce protein in milk. That's all going to be given out to about five hundred families in kabul today the salvation army is holding a food distribution event at the kroc center that is from ten. Am through eleven. Thirty am lady gaga has offered a half a million dollar reward to get her dogs back this morning. We have new footage of the moment. Those dogs were stolen and the men. Walking the dogs were shot. Two suspects were involved. You're going to see how this went down coming up. I though native hawaiians wanting more say in the management of monica there are two bills in the state legislature. That would give it to them. We look for that next guy aggressive. Sixty five degrees in hilo. That's one of the coldest spots of all the reporting stations and not as windy there. But make no mistake about it. There are parts of the big island getting rousted by those strong and gusty winds and that will likely continue for the next several days. We'll have more on that coming up.

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