25 Burst results for "West Indies"
Based On a True Story
"west indies" Discussed on Based On a True Story
"Since it is in the title of the first movie, I want to ask about the black pearl as a ship. And according to the movie, there are two very fast ships, the navy ship is called the interceptor. And it said to be the fastest ship. But then there's the black pearl that gains on her and of course there seems to be some Supernatural boost that the pearl has in the movie. But for ships like we see in the movie, how fast are we talking? How fast would they go? Oh, they're pretty fast for age of sale. I mean, a frigate under, I mean, it depends on the conditions you're in, right? Whether you're sailing into the wind, the winds behind you, you know, the points of sale, how fast is the wind, is your ship in good shape, but a top speed of a warship like a frigate, a pretty flexible one, might be about 14 knots you're talking, what? 15 miles an hour sort of thing. And a huge ship, like a man of a ship of the line, with multiple decks of cannon that weren't exactly designed to be flexible. They were designed for those gentlemanly battles, right? Where you line up your ships and sail by and shoot at each other, sort of floating fortresses. They might make 12 knots and exactly the right conditions. Your typical merchant vessels you're talking 8 or 9 knots or ten miles an hour sort of thing. Sounds pretty slow, I know when you think about it in terms of vessels without Ford motors. But that's a pretty good clip for a large ship. In that era, but yeah, you're not moving at the speed of the 21st century for sure. Not a speedboat. In the second movie, dead man's chest. One of the major plot points around the East India trading company. Was that a real company? It was. I mean, East India trading company in the movies is cast like a vast, you know, like the company in the aliens movies. And it seems to control everything and everyone in it controls imperial trade and maybe the government. Yeah, yeah. That's pretty much what the East India Company was, both the English and later British East India Company and its Dutch rival, the Dutch East India Company, were these vast global trading companies that acted like empires into themselves at its height, the British East India Company had an army of like 200,000 people of its own. Which was like twice the size of Britain's actual army. And they, in effect, would rise to become, they controlled their own empire, including large swaths of India, were actually owned by the company rather than anybody else. And they were trading all over the world with fantastical profits. And of course, had enormous political power back in England. So in that sense, they're describing the East India Company correctly as being your sort of nemesis in the film, except for the fact that it's the East India Company and its charter granted it a monopoly of trade with the Indian Ocean theater, the East Indies and India. So they actually weren't allowed during the era of piracy to be trading in the Americas at all in the West Indies would be what the Caribbean would have been called then. They would be prohibited from it. So they had no involvement in no influence directly over American affairs until the 1770s like the period of the American Revolution when they were granted a dispensation to trade tea, one of the big things you were going to India for was to collect T, which was all the rage in England, and they were allowed finally to trade with the American colonies to trade T specifically, but they actually had to stop in England first, even to do that. So that's why we think of the East India Company when we think of the Boston Tea Party because in fact, those were East India Company vessels that they were tossing the tea off. But you go back 60 years earlier to the era of the pirates and East India Company vessels would have been there at all. Although I understand why Disney looking around for a giant corporate Borg nemesis might pick that name. There wasn't an equivalent Borg like that operating in the Americas. The biggest, you know, the royal Africa company, which was trading slaves in the triangle trade, taking enslaved people, taking trade goods and manufacturers in England, doing the first leg of their triangle trade to Africa to trade the slave forts to get their human cargoes and then in this horrible middle passage, the second leg go to the Caribbean and the West Indies to sell their cargo at slave markets. And then loaded with treasure and goodies from that, the proceeds of that would sail back to England. That was the triangle trade. But even then, the royal Africa company, while it was making incredible amounts of money, they weren't, it wasn't like they owned the West Indies colonies. They didn't have any direct political influence, although they were important. Economic factor in the slave societies of the English West Indies and what would become the American south Carolinas and Georgia and Virginia. But Jamaica, Barbados, the leeward islands colony and all those were very much tangled up in the trade with the royal Africa company. Okay. Well, it makes sense though. I mean, the impression that I get from the movie with the East India trading company. And of course, the representative is lord cutler Beckett, he's just kind of the evil villain, right? And I get the impression that there's a lot of corruption. And it sounds like if there's a company that was that huge and had that much political power and military power, it sounds like two that there must have been some corruption going on as well. You just assume that that's going to be a thing. Would that be correct? Oh, yes. I mean, the East India Company, the people involved were could be very corrupt and self serving. So were the governors at the time period throughout the Americas. It was when Henry Avery, this pirate from the 1690s, whose exploits would inspire the great Caribbean pirate outbreak of the early 1700s. He basically was wanted all over the world because he'd messed with the East India Company. He had gone into the Indian. He and his crew had mutinied for good reason on their English vessel seized control that and sailed into the Indian Ocean and decided to try to raid the most important figure in India, the grand mogul of India's treasure ship, as it was returning from Mecca from the pilgrimage. Loaded with treasure and family members of the mogul and his wives and they raped and pillaged and stole the ship and killed lots of people. And this was terrible. The grand mogul video was furious, the East India Company, a lot of their people were arrested. They were threats. They would put them to death or kick the East India Company out of India at the time. So it was a huge disaster. So there's an all points pulled in to catch this guy. It's like the first time that the East India Company and the Royal Navy and everybody were all trying to chase the same guy. So where does he go? He goes around the world, speaks away, you know, everyone's chasing for me in the end the ocean. He went all the way around to the Caribbean to NASA on The Bahamas and just shows up and says, oh yeah, my name is Henry bridgeman and I've got this giant vessel that looks like an Arab treasure ship, but no, it's not really. I'll give it to you. And I'll give you a whole mess of the treasure. And in exchange for a small issue. He basically fences his goods to the British governor in Nassau in The Bahamas and the English governor and then say his men break up and sail around and some of them go up to Philadelphia. And one of them marries the daughter of the governor of Pennsylvania, right? So that's how corrupted as the most wanted person in the whole world turns out to be kind of trading as goods wink wink nudge nudge with the governors themselves. So yes, I mean, East India Company, but true and true, a lot of people were self dealing in that era, the governor of Virginia, in the great piracy or Alexander spotswood. Set up a bunch of dummy companies to basically give himself a vast funeral preserve of land. Through sort of blind trusts and stuff, which was the name of spotsylvania county and still is after himself in Virginia. He just kind of corruption was very, very common and the East India Company would have been no exception. Wow. Wow. Changing gears a little bit. Still in dead man's chest, another big concept that we see in that movie is Davy Jones locker. Was
Black History Year
"west indies" Discussed on Black History Year
"First, they took him to the West Indies, and then they shipped him to America, where he was sold to a sea captain. Equiano disgusted and terrified by enslavement, knew that the world needed to hear his story. They needed to know about the cruelty. But how? He educated himself despite enslavement. And eventually bought his freedom. Equiano then moved to Britain and it was there that he wrote the first book of its kind. The slave narrative. It exposed slavery for what it was, and transformed the institution. His book was an instant success in the first edition sold out almost immediately. Translated into many languages, it opened eyes across the world. It was even a contributing factor in the slave trade act of 1807, which officially banned the slave trade in Britain. Equiano was able to convey the horrific realities of slavery with honesty and reflect that back into the world. We must also continue to create language to discuss anti black violence and the realities of our lives. Telling the truth matters. In order to move toward the future, you've got to look to the past and learn the black history that you didn't get in school. That's it for this week's two minute black history, thanks for tuning in. If you want to.
Black Mental Health Podcast
"west indies" Discussed on Black Mental Health Podcast
"There's only so many therapists. There's actually only 30 license therapists for every 100,000 people in just the United States. And 30 people couldn't possibly service a 100,000 people, right? And those numbers were pre pandemic. And it's only exploded ever since then. So I think we're going to see the mental health space shift in more people like survivors, more people who are guides, life coaches, and leaders who are taking on the task of helping people along their journey through the expertise that they have through the life events that they've lived and what they've learned. And I also think with the rising cost of health insurance, people were going to see the health tech landscape change in these type of subscription based health services, where people are willing to pay $20 a month for something versus hundreds of dollars a month for health insurance and that they never use, right? And services that they never take advantage of. So I think it's going to shift in that regard. And I also think that we're also going to start seeing these platforms like mental happy servicing different countries and different languages, which is really something that we're hoping to do very soon. And that's actually what I was going to ask you next because even with my podcast, I of course wanted to interview the black community and I'm coming from Philadelphia, so I'm Philadelphia based hood story. Whatever the case may be, right? But then I'm realizing black is just not Philadelphia in the hood black is all over. We got a Canadian experience. We have an actual African experience. I'm a first generation American, so a Caribbean experience. Me too. And so I'm thinking about, all right, maybe I need to start bringing more of them so that we can have the conversation. Where does mental happy fall in that when you say different languages, like how do you see the platform evolving in that capacity? Yeah, that's a great point. I'm also first generation born here in the United States. My parents are originally from Haiti. And so I definitely have that West Indies. Right, right. And yeah, I think what I'd like to do and how mental have fits in that is that I like to look at people's backgrounds and experiences on the platform. I think the more diverse a group leaders that we have, I think, when we, when we have a broad representation of black, right, not just black here in America, but all the diasporas when we have a broad representation of LatinX and Spanish, a broader Asian community, LGBTQ community, trans community. I think the more we can have as many support group leaders look like the people
"west indies" Discussed on Revision Path
"Studio one woman show called area by design here and turned out into bagel. And I primarily work on branding identity projects apart from that. I am a part time lecture for design at the university of West Indies and Augustine, which is hand turned out. There might be other things I'm forgetting that I do, but we can get to that. How is the year been treating you so far? It's been interesting. I feel like 20 22 has started kind of with a bung. In a different way. I mean, things are changing with the pandemic, but then World War three question mark. I feel like a lot of stuff was just happening globally. And I don't know about you, but as a creator, all of those things kind of impact me a little bit. I feel like because of the way to the tool that can take on mentally consuming all of the information all the time, it kind of puts a tool on things. But apart from those obvious things, the air started actually with me doing a lot more than I planned on doing. I ended up being a creative director at a local agency here working on rolling out some digital products, and then that got paused due to a pause and investment. So there was a lot of shifting happening where I went from working on external products to focusing more on ear by design instead of juggling the two. I feel like that was a mouthful of your very simple question. But that's all the year has been doing for me. Yeah, it's interesting about as you kind of alluded to about World War three. And I promise for folks listening, this is not a political podcast, but I've been kind of keeping my eye just I watched the news every now and then just to kind of get a sense of what's happening..
Monocle 24: The Briefing
"west indies" Discussed on Monocle 24: The Briefing
"Pandemic with very, very, very top down ways, very that didn't go down well with the public nationally and here in March either and especially specifically here. There was there is a lot of resentment here on the way France imposed mandatory vaccination for the for the health healthcare personnel and there's a mixture of resentment for his pilot for Macron's policies that were perceived as being neoliberal and in frustration with the way that the pandemic was handled here. So part of this from what I understand is this tradition of voting for the left, part of it is also perhaps a certain amount of an anti colonialism or also a rejection sort of rules being imposed by Paris. Is that right? I mean, is there an increasing anti colonialism building I suppose in Martinique? Well, anti colonialism is definitely a component of how politics is understood here and it's done and understood. It's done locally and is understood by the local voters towards Paris. But it has many different effects. Anti colonialism is one of the reasons why votes for the far right have been traditionally very low here because that's because the far right is perceived here as a movement that is also nostalgic on France's colonial greatness empire and this is of course obviously very unpopular here because Martinique is a former French colony with this history of slavery and all that. So the far right had hard time reaching voters here because of that perception and now on the other hand, yes, a Macron has been perceived as a president that was very aloof, very Parisian. The last time he came to the French West Indies that was four years ago and during this campaign, he didn't send any of his senior ministers to visit not just Martinique, but also the neighboring French territories like Luke and saint Mary and stuff. Between us, we have more than 1 million French citizens living here. So and there's very territories. So yes, so there's this perception that the way the state imposed some of the policies here based mostly during the pandemic, for many voters, they had had colonial undertones and that doesn't go down well. Well, it will be interesting to see what happens on Sunday in the West Indies as well. Thank you very much, Jean Michel that was lemon Jean Michel o'dwyer in Martinique. You are listening to the briefing here on Monica 24..
The Mad Mamluks
"west indies" Discussed on The Mad Mamluks
"And so what I'm saying is that if your child is above breastfeeding age and above maturity, tender age, you should be or she should be going with the father. And this is the wisdom in this absolutely. It's difficult for a man to undertake another responsibility, especially when he knows in the future that I have to worry about inheriting that story about other things like this and it's not the responsibility of the state. Exactly. Stay away from issues of faith. And this is one of the ways that Islam actually protected the women that it gave the responsibility to the male that if you were to commit to a woman, the repercussion of the view well, look at the black community. Black folks, right? It was a very strong community back in the early 80s with the for our case, it was the African Caribbean community, right? Later on, it's the divorce rates rocketed. And I'm sure it's similar in the black community, African American community. You hear it all the time from folks like Kevin Samuels and other very right wing, not right-wing but conservative thinkers, like Thomas sewell and others like that. They talk about the black family being very strong divorce rates, family rates, marriage rates are up at 70 80%. The interestingly, in my marriage events, right when we just had the African Caribbean community event, guess how many brothers turned up? It was a free event. It was a free event. 5. How many ladies turned up? 30, 40? Yeah, about 34. That's a 40, 45. For 5 guys, for 5 guys. And these were Nigerian ladies, these ladies from the West Indies, these ladies who were mixed heritage, though, not only that, they were Arab women, Sudanese women. Because the desi community and the Arab community generally don't look at them. You know, the interface, right? Yeah. Yes. The racism in our we see in our marriage events is unbelievable..
Talking Biotech Podcast
"west indies" Discussed on Talking Biotech Podcast
"I mean, from our perspective, we have a mapping population we planted out in the last we have a couple replacement trees going out now, but basically the majority of the trees are two to three years old. And with that mapping population, the goal is to generate markers for tree architecture as we talked about. So actually one of the postdocs who worked at that project was coming up with ways of phenotyping for angle of seedling growth and lignin content and things like that. So yeah, you know, markers, I think we can once the trees are old enough to start flowering. We can look for a flower type markers. You know, if I was going to plant out, like I said, we'd like to focus on B flower types. So, you know, if I knew that we had 80% B flower types in our cohort, we're planting out to get our next selections. Well, that's more efficient. So yeah, markers just a selection is something that we are on the cusp of, I think. Well, what we didn't really touch on, we talked about traditional breeding we haven't talked about transgenic technology as being applied to avocado. And there's one low hanging fruit, if you will. It seems like that the best target in the world would be to knock out the polyphenol oxidase gene like they did in the Arctic apple. Because if you could have non browning guacamole or longer stealth life of a kind of avocado. That would be such a game changer. Is there anybody doing this? I think there is a group up in the Davis area that is doing that. I know, I think they work on multiple crops trying to knock that out. So there are people working on that. And you're right, that is an easy fix. I would add that if you look at some of the stuff we have, it does not Brown as fast as has. And so has, I mean, people talk about browning avocados. Well, has, I mean, it's better than some of the ones that were before it, but I would say basically everything we have in our elite selections from what's released already, like German lamb house or especially surprise. To our new number varieties, they all brown much more slowly than us. Yeah, excellent point, because I had won the switch. I don't know where it came from or what it was. I actually picked it up off the cart in front of the post harvest lab at work. They were getting ready to get rid of them. But this one was wonderful. It was big. It was like one of the big West Indies, but it didn't turn brown at all. I had to ask the question. Yeah, no, there's a lot. I mean, there's some that are worse. I mean, there's a couple of varieties like you cut them open and within 5 minutes they're Brown. But we built away from those. So I think our pool are genetic pool for what we're using to improve them..
The Book Review
"west indies" Discussed on The Book Review
"All of which went for nothing. He had a genius for putting money into the wrong places. If light horse Harry Lee was alive today, he'd been recommending that people invest in ski resorts in Bangladesh. And he burned through the cache of his first wife. He burned through the cache of his second wife, and then not just financial lack of foresight. Political lack of foresight. He's a federalist. He antagonizes the jeffersonians in his own state. And he ends up being beaten by a political mob with an inch of his life. And after that, he simply takes off a leaves his family goes to the West Indies, he never comes back to see his family again. He makes landfall in America in 1818, but he's dying of cancer when he does it. He dies two weeks after he arrives on the Georgia coast. Robert E. Lee last sees his father when he's 6 years old. And after that, light horse Harry is a name. There is no trauma. Quite so heartbreaking. As the loss of a parent, before the beginning of adolescence, and Robert E. Lee had to deal with that, and that hangs over him all of his life, and you can see it in two curious ways. One is in all that correspondence that I was talking about. Until 1861, he never talks about his father. Whenever he's introduced in larger society, everyone's introducing him as the son of light horse Harry. But he never writes about his father, never visits his father's grave. That doesn't change until 1861, 1862 when Lee is finally coming into his own. Oh, at that point, we're talking about a man who's in his 50s. And it's only then. Only then, that he finally pays a visit to his father's grave. But I think there was a large burning hole in Robert E. Lee, that was a vacuum created by the absence of light horse Harry Lee, and I think that explains in large measure why Robert E. Lee is such a perfectionist. He's so demanding of himself. He's so demanding of other people. And I think it's because what he really is playing for is a kind of redemptive perfectionism. He's going to do right with his father did wrong..
GEMS with Genesis Amaris Kemp
"west indies" Discussed on GEMS with Genesis Amaris Kemp
"I mean what do you see for yourself now. I definitely want to travel worldwide. I'm talking about my books talking about diversity equity and inclusion build my visionary coaching business up. Because i truly believe that. I have been given a gift to really talk to people and inspire people to get outside of that. They may be in once they know who they are. They're not gonna fall victim to who everyone says that they aren't and i would love to just give back to the community back home in the caribbean because i am caribbean and south american. I'm at afro latina. And just to go back and really get to see where my dad was from. A how and really submerge myself in the culture and not be so americanized because i'm first generation american and then where my mom's from she's caribbean. She's from them to end the gravity. So the west indies. Just a really by property down there and build it up because sometimes those people want to leave but they may not necessarily have the opportunity to come here or they may feel like oh. I can't leave my roommate. Go somewhere unfamiliar so. I definitely want to give them a sense of america and then me really learn more about my culture where i came from and excetera so those are some. Why foles that. I have where i see myself. And i love to travel. So that's one reason. I wanna go worldwide for the world to set a big beautiful place and just being in one spot is not going to afford you ability to expand your knowledge. You're not gonna connect with other people who are different from you and you're not gonna try all those yummy foods says i'm a foodie also whenever i go to different places in i travel pre pandemic on lied to try with unique to that place that i man and i really liked to understand not just the tourists but the locals because sometimes they don't they only show you what they what makes it seem glamorous but no where the locals are. Tell me what the foods are. What are the shortcuts and all that stuff. So that's me y'all.
The Eric Metaxas Show
"west indies" Discussed on The Eric Metaxas Show
"And that's the beginning so is presented in isolation as uniquely american practice. That's particularly horrific. And i also compare it to practices of slavery in africa and other parts of the globe to show that slavery was a bad thing but it was a bad thing in all places. So that's where you start in smearing this country by presenting it falsely. In that way. I mean we have to say this just in case anybody doesn't know in my book. I learned this when i was writing my book. About william wilberforce. Amazing grace that black africans enslaved black africans black africans then sold enslaved black africans to white english people who took them down to the west indies. Back in time. Just as you said the egyptians and slaved the hebrews well. We don't say that you know that was egyptian supremacy. We recognize it as what we know. It is it's original sin. We are broken sinners and this is what people have done to other people since the beginning of time. So why do you think that people pushing things like the sixty nineteen project have such an animus against america that they would distort that and make it sound as though slavery was invented by white people four hundred years ago which we know it was not right well lennon.
My Family Thinks I'm Crazy
"west indies" Discussed on My Family Thinks I'm Crazy
"Because my wife and i are trying to maybe get out of this area you know. We're very close to suburban trafficky loud everything but from massachusetts. I mean i don't know how close you are to boston or braintree and not minutes. That so you're familiar enough with that whole center of like intelligencia type energy and like oh. Yeah you're in boston. I feel so out of place man. Even though it's been my home city my whole life. You know i'm like you. I prefer a mountain. Yeah and here in connecticut. I mean we have hartford new haven both interesting places. New haven obviously yale university. Hartford has some interesting schools as well. But there's you know a lot of energy. That's really been coming up more and more with this whole kobe. Thing the medical nonsense which we don't need to get into all that 'cause i'm definitely not an expert but i'll reserve to you know what the what the women say my body my choice at the end of the day. That's what i go with for that one. But i've been kind of like making the establishment on my podcast. That like i'll only talk about those things from a like an objective archetypal position. I no longer want to get into the nitty gritty of all the headlines. That keep coming out in the new parts of this. That are getting scarier or more threatening. I can deal with off the air. Because i don't want to give that out My audience. I don't wanna give that to my guest and you know it's yeah you mentioned that and that's exactly what i just heard from someone who signed up for the patriots today. They said i'll the positive vibe of your show. And i'm like well we don't talk about the news. We have guests on. We asked them how they got into this stuff. And then the ball rolls from there. You know that's like how. That's a good format. I think there's other formats but yeah that's like another thing i do with all night is like figure out how pod the art of podcasting and how you know someone starting can be successful or how someone who's already been doing it for a while can be more successful and you know that connecting back to the other point that i wanted to to make an and maybe turned into a question for you is like shirt you know being in connecticut. I've noticed like the connecticut river obviously is a big part of the state. But there's so many things that were invented in connecticut from the first helicopter flight to the first submarine The first newspaper the first portable typewriter the first cotton gin the first lollipop. You know like just all over the map like the hamburgers with apparently have the best pizza you know so like looking into your own local area you can find a lot of these little facts that will add up to something maybe not much at first. You might be like you know. What is this like a of roadside attraction. Type thing it out. What's the what's the point. It's nostalgic cool great but what. i'm starting to realize. Thanks my friend. Michael one is like once you learn about the mystery that there is behind the history of the place you were born so many things. Start to get piece together like we were just in old saybrook connecticut. Yesterday i noticed there's an old map and it said that the west indies warehouse was in old saybrook. Now you raise your eyebrows. 'cause you're like west indies. That sounds like dutch. east indies. Sure does and there was a dutch. West indies company. That was very similar to the dutch..
My Family Thinks I'm Crazy
"west indies" Discussed on My Family Thinks I'm Crazy
"But yeah that's like another thing i do with all media night is like figure out how pied the art of podcasting and how you know someone starting can be successful or how someone who's already been doing it for a while can be more successful. And you know that connecting back to the other point that i wanted to to make and maybe turned into a question for you is like shirt you know being in connecticut. I've noticed like the connecticut river obviously is a big part of the state. But there's so many things that were invented in connecticut from the first helicopter flight took the first submarine the first newspaper the first portable typewriter the first cotton gin the first lollipop. You know like just all over the map like the hamburgers with apparently have the best pizza looking into your own local area. You can find a lot of these little facts that it'll add up to something maybe not much at first. You might be like what are you. What is this like a of roadside attraction type thing you know what's the point. It's nostalgic cool great but what i'm starting to realize. Thanks some my friend mike. Alana's is like once you learn about the mystery that there is behind the history of the place. You're born so many things start to get piece together like we were just in old saybrook connecticut yesterday that i noticed there's an old map and it said that the west indies warehouse was in old saybrook. Now you raise your eyebrows. Because you're like west indies that sounding dutch east indies. Sure does and there was a dutch. West indies company. That was very similar to the dutch. East indies company and that those companies were very much involved with the founding of yale university skull and bones as a part of yale university. George w bush. His father were both in his grandfather. All three members of skull and bones so the symbolism the significance. It's there now how that even connects right. There's a college in old in yale. Call saybrook college. I'm back in the day before. Yale university was created in new haven. It was started in branford. Which is in between new haven and old saybrook and a lot of these names of places. Were not the same as they were. You know today like people don't realize that sometimes a county becomes a town or a town becomes a county or a town gets renamed or borough becomes the whole town. You know. there's all these little things that happened in history that add up to a larger story. One piece of information which home again for listener could help me out with this. This would be mazing. But i thought there is an episode of the higher side chats which i lost track of. It talked about a connecticut governor. Who was once an alchemist. I'm like wow so there. A connecticut governor at some point in the eighteen. Hundreds was practicing alchemy. Or maybe even further back but you know these are the little pieces of information that we can all like understand and then that can create an experience like what happened to me yesterday so we talked about the snake right. Well we saw that snake as we adventuring around a place called maka moody's state part now mock mood is state. Park is historically Word moc moody's and indian word. A native american word that means place of angry god or or angry noise you know something to do with loud angry noise..
Tracing The Path
How the Post Office Grew America
"Story starts with the crown post post office of the british crown. The thirteen colonies were quite isolated and independent of each other. Few people had relatives or friends at the other colonies thus neither male nor good roads connecting them were important. Thirteen drivers freedom in how this letter was too many places to send it now. It's a different story in the beginning. The only real mail that was sent or received was to the uk but without a post office sending things and receiving them was problematic. The first colony to request to remedy for this problem was massachusetts bay on november fifth. Sixteen thirty nine. The general court of that colony directed that richard fairbanks has tavern would be where letters were delivered and picked up giving richard one cent for each letter. Managed in the new netherland. Coney the dutch west indies company. Who ran the colony made a similar determination. They constructed a box at the port for letters to be picked up and mailed but there was no general consensus or common interest among the colonies to take it any further and the only times. The problem came to a head as when the colonies faced a common emmy but had no roads or male to aid in their communication. It wasn't until the reign of william the third new england in sixteen ninety that any sort of postal system was established williams. Third had assessed. His call is which had now grown to two hundred thousand people and decided he wanted to have postal communication between massachusetts pennsylvania and new york. He had some roads built but didn't send money to do much more than that. But in seventeen fifty three all would change. Benjamin franklin became the postmaster for the crown post and philadelphia.
The Audio Long Read
"west indies" Discussed on The Audio Long Read
"Not only for the age of reason and the enlightenment but for the rise of capitalism to the power of to keep us awake and alert to stem the natural tide of exhaustion freed us from the circadian rhythms of our biology and so along with the advent of artificial light open the frontier of night to the possibilities of work. What caffeine did for clarkson intellectuals t would soon do for the english working class indeed. It was t- from the east indies heavily sweetened with sugar from the west indies that fueled the industrial revolution. We think of england as a tea culture but coffee. Initially the cheaper beverage by far dominated at first soon after the british east india company began trading with china. Cheap t flooded england a beverage that only the well-to-do could afford to drink in seventeen hundred was by eighteen hundred consumed by virtually everyone from the society matron to the factory worker to supply. This demand required an imperialist enterprise of enormous scale brutality especially after the british decided it would be more profitable to turn india. Its colony into a t. producer than to buy tea from the chinese. This required first stealing the secrets of tea. Production from the chinese a mission accomplished by the renowned scott's botanist and plant explorer robert fortune disguised as a mandarin seizing land from the peasant farmers in assam where tieger grew wild and then forcing the farmers into servitude. Picking tea leaves from dawn-to-dusk. The introduction of t to the west was all about exploitation the extraction of surplus value from labor not only in its production in india in its consumption by the british as well. T- allowed the british working class to endure long shifts brutal working conditions and more or less constant hunger. The caffeine helped quiet the hunger pangs and the sugar in it became a crucial source of calories from a strictly nutritional standpoint workers would have been better off sticking with beer. The caffeine in tea helped create a new kind of worker. One better adapted to the rule of the machine. It is difficult to imagine an industrial revolution without it. So how exactly does coffee and caffeine. More generally make us more energetic efficient and faster. How could this little molecule possibly supply the human body energy without calories could caffeine be the.
Active Church Podcast
"west indies" Discussed on Active Church Podcast
"These two young men were convinced that the lord had said this is what you're called to do as they were getting ready to leave monrovia with their friends and family church members all on the pier and they were selling off to voyage to the west indies selling off into their future to be enslaved to serve a people group that they'd never met. Here's what they said to their loved ones while they were standing on the edge of that. Peer here's the shouted. This is crazy. May the lamb. That was slain. Received the reward of his suffering. Don't weep for us. Just give all the glory. They said it's not about us. It's about the slain lamb. Let him receive all the glory of his suffering. Could you imagine what it was like when those two young men made it to heaven. Could you imagine the uproar when people when they walked into the kingdom and god says well done good and faithful. They wasn't about then they weren't doing. Hey look at us. Look what we're doing. There's no no receive the reward of his suffering. That would become the saying of arabian missions for years to come in to this day. They were the per capita. The most influential movement that sent out mission they sent out more missionaries globally to preach the gospel to unreached people groups per capita than any other movement or denomination on the planet. It's not about us number. Three volunteers keep score servants. Make sacrifices if you keep score has a servant. You're gonna get real upset. There's not enough. Thank yous there's not enough people seeing what you do you give. No one sees that something you guys are like give online. It's okay like the bucket would pass and you'd be like i give online at school. Some of you do things that no one sees. Can i say thank you. But here's here's the cool part the reason why you do it isn't so someone will say thank you and pat you on the back. You say you're doing it for god but tell you something. Volunteers will say no i. I did this thing. No one even acknowledged me. I'm telling you guys there's going to be days where no one sees what you do dude. Anyways david was a king that went in lead. God's people israel he led the people so well but can i tell you the reason why he was anointed king was because he had a heart that was after god not after seeking man's approval and when he went after goliath people don't realize that we he the reason he could sling that stone and kill goliath on that day. The man from gad. The reason why he could do that was because day in day out he was out in the in the shepherd fields taking care of sheep fighting fighting bears fighting away. He's like hey. I've taken out the bear and line. I could take out this big do here. He had a private victories before he had public adoration. Do you understand it needs. You need to do some things that no one sees before you could do the things that everyone sees that god works its faithfulness. The little and then you'll be faithful with much. I'm just speaking anyone this morning..
"west indies" Discussed on Occupied
"And i wanted to some of the information for patients science so i brought in some awareness of aspects of social assistance policy that shape and perpetuate inequity which leads occupational justice for living in poverty social assistance policies promote occupations associated with entering the labor force other occupational policies which are possibilities which are tied to positive health and wellbeing are neglected such as neat. Leisure self care and community. Participation occupational can further explored this form of occupational marginalization and can take an active stand to bring up questions of justice participation and i did st which all become for fronted in poor populations. We also can play a role in raising the consciousness about the need to acknowledge the wide range of occupations including those that are that are culturally specific as well as the right for every citizen to be able to fully participate in society. But where are we then. So when occupational science. I started a have to acknowledge that in the literature ultimate ways of doing and being that diverge from john hegemonic white milk last year american conceptualization continue to be underrepresented Historically it has been connected by what researchers but continue but discontinues occupation was characterized as active purposeful end and and meaningful as well as contributing to construction expressions of self identity which reflects an a western understanding of healthy an ideal way of life. This conceptualization is intuitively understood by the majority of western occupational science as the lines with their own understandings experiences of the world. And if we think about this. Concept occupation reflects only the perspective of a minority of the global population so recent publications in the journal of occupational science such as begin twenty twenty and johnson lavishly calls have acknowledged lack of diversity in occupational science. Begin calls for anti-racism Focusing occupational surnames through fundamental change to the institutionalize whiteness that pervades western societies and is rooted in histories of colonial racism and slavery johnson elaborately call for a more nuanced critical inquiry and reconceptualise of occupation as a site where racism is an in estate however it is further acknowledged that the paucity of voices from non white racial and cultural groups limits. The possibilities for anti-racists responsiveness in scholarship. Ship ma ma delays challenges the disciplined to undertake research that challenges acknowledges and celebrates diversity in which people live and due to represent the plurality of life experiences. And if i think the ball publishing my own work. I wish that i actually acknowledge the cultural and racial differences in the experiences of receiving social assistance. Which i didn't even though the majority of my participants were black. I didn't even state that in my in my thesis. I did but in my publications. I did it. And that is. Because i didn't have the guidance or even understanding then to to realize or to even know that that is an important consideration that should be taken in any research that is being done. So where do i belong. I recognize my own status of being an immigrant woman and belonging to a racial minority group directly influences. How i see the world as a black woman. I have to think about how my perception of race may influence interactions with participants. What i do research and how participants perception of me may influence how their interact with me. So in my research i automatically stood cultural. References of participants from the west indies caribbean because of similarities and was better able to engage in conversation based on my own experiences as a bike caulk occupational science researcher witnessing occupational science sciences prioritization of research that moves beyond a western paradigm and the head john hegemonic white discourse and the encouragement of perspective from research is located outside. The western context has been encouraging but as a bypass researcher researchers located within a culturally heterogeneous and globally intercut interconnected western society. I feel the need to bleed bear. The knowledge production processes within occupational science and engage in critical reflection on the nature of the knowledge. Why what an whose knowledge as well as the production of knowledge how and by whom within the always discipline by centralizing race culture ethnicity and experimental knowledge. All a person of color. People of color. Like myself so i end with this for always discourse to reflect the diverse situated nature of occupation. There is a need to be critically reflective of what we do what we choose not to report on her. We train our scholarly gays who is protected and not protected as we do our work. If you liked this episode and want to check out more head over to occupy podcasts dot com. We'll such occupied podcast and your favorite podcast app. If you have or reflections on the toughest discuss today please to get in contact. We'd love to hear from me. And lastly if you've got some value from this and want to help us out like subscribe share it with a friend remember. Be good to yourself. Good to others and always keep occupied.
"west indies" Discussed on Conspiracy Theories
"Franklin carved himself a reputation as a distinguished gentlemen now only needed was a wife to keep him honest and add to his wholesome image but franklin kept getting in his own way the more commercial success he saw the harder it was for him to follow his own plan for future conduct before long he backslid into old habits like sleeping with women from lower social classes who he considered unsuitable for marriage. Franklin's seemed well aware of his own hypocrisy even while he slept around. He wrote about his disdain for quote low women and quote he complained. They were expensive arm. Candy and they'd become inconvenient when they got pregnant in other words franklin wrote a lot about relationships but he wasn't all that invested in monogamy or marriage which makes it pretty astonishing that in seventeen thirty franklin somehow reconciled with his former fiancee deborah. It's not clear if they actually fell back in love or if they're a union was for some other reason. It may have been that. Franklin wanted a way to help shore up his reputation because he was about to become a father soon after he reunited with. Deborah franklin's illegitimate child. William was born. The mother's identity never became public knowledge. But she probably wasn't deborah. It's hard to say for sure because deborah and franklin had a complicated relationship. They lived as though they were married. Which wasn't exactly true after their first broken engagement. Deborah had wed another man who ran away to the west indies never filed for divorce since bigamy was illegal. The franklin's kept quiet about deborah's past nonetheless. Rumors began to fly about their marriage and their alleged son. It didn't take long for people to realize that william was too old to have been conceived before franklin endeavors alleged wedding and complicating matters. Even further franklin refused to say.
Bring Me Chocolate Or Bring Me Dead Stuff
"All right emily kwong lay some of that chocolate goodness on me. You got it because chocolate is the true meaning of valentine's day only chocolate. This pure can be this. So i love you but lactose intolerant. Why are you doing this to me. I thought about this. The thing that gives chocolate. Its flavor is dairy free. Did you know cocoa comes from a fruit that grows these amazing looking multicolored cacao pods and i was. Cd's read things hanging from the trees. While what are these things. This is food scientists. Darren ostrom suka at the cocoa research center at the university of the west indies. Speaking with simmons safety and our friends at life kit about his fascination with cacao pods. It's like it's like a football shape. Fruit it can be smooth. It can be wate. it can have ridges. Darren saw these pods all over the place. Growing up in trinidad and tobago. They grow on the couch. Frey or theobroma cacao in under story crop of the tropical rainforest meaning they grow pretty close to the ground and the exterior of these pods is hard like it's tough but not so tough that critters can't break it open to go on a little cow binge correct if i was a squirrel. This would be what i would do. I mean absolutely. Darren breaks open a pod with a special tool kind of like a dull michigan it resists when gives time what it feels very satisfying on. Then when you twist the blade you hear a sort of crunch on you see opening insite describes the inside of the pod like a sticky cobwebs it has rows of caucases which he calls beans covered in this gummy white pulp called musa delicious mm-hmm usage and the aroma hits immediately. I'm spending my and it smells. Citrusy like like citrus flowers. It's like a subtle perfume Yeah there's so much flavor potential in these cacao beans at this point once the pot is opened fermentation begins so after. The seeds are removed from the pod. They're collected and transported to an area where they can ferment for days. Yeah and naturally occurring microbes breakdown. Those beans unlock their flavor notes. I i did not know that. Quang i mean for meditation gotta love it. Kind of sounds like like wine a little bit. Maybe a little bit. Yeah kinda if you think of cacao beans grapes and the tastes does reflect the ecosystem from which it came. The beans are then sorted roasted and sold to chocolate-makers to become the chocolate. You know and love. it can be fruity. it can be floral. It can be bright. So i like to think of a flavor profile that cuckoo offense to be like a good piece of music is we. What makes a good piece of chocolate is a harmonious 'presentation of flavor notes that in balance with each other at the coco research centre. He works on the level of genetics and with farmers to optimizing flavor and adopting their crops to climate change and disease. Darren even works with the cacao. Farm used to pass as a child. Chocolate is something he just can't stay away from is like with ocala. Florida is she. You can check out anytime you want. But you've been the relieve gets on the skin and it becomes your positive your consciousness so for me. I don't really work at a job. I work at
"west indies" Discussed on REAL 92.3
"Who or whatever they're called Captain. Yeah. We had to cut the other part. I was sorry about that. Yeah, just crazy. You know, I had to dump on it. I had the devil of it. But you have Ah, Bulldog or something like that. Alrighty, man. Yes. Yeah. Yeah, We definitely got it. Marissa, I think my time of talking to you is now up. Because you actually you drop the s bahn. Alright? Even her dog was like you can't say that on here. They do say that like owners look like their dogs. Right? So did you look like you're gonna bring her back home right when I'm turning down Marisa? Yes. Do you look like your dog? No already, do you? Hey, look like a gang of dogs. You said Marisa Oh, Joe man she want. Oh, the smarter notes in the picture. You're done, man. You look like your dog. Do you look like Lucy? Oh, my gosh. Made! Damn! She blew him up. Oh, man started. I was laughing like that should laugh over family like that. So must be help me. But you know what? That was hilarious and awesome. And I already brought her down. We got a You want to go back to him? Oh, and face for more for you Should you should have left well enough alone. You know that saying Quit while you're behind. All right, it hit us up, man. Why do dogs like women better Do dogs like women Better hit us up 8662468923 Big boys neighborhoods, he told you By the way, she weren't always put me first. Hey, I'm not Bill Bramble. Sway that the best song, huh? Drop on the floor in is getting nasty. He ain't keeping his hands above my cheese. I've got something to give him And if he asks me, I'm not feeling up, baby. I love you asked me fat it. In fact, she got good. You sit on my lap. Give it I'm I have to fly to make you know. So maybe to Japan soccer headed like to meet you Roll. You know, I've got a dumb it down satellite Rianna books, You singing legs run to town. I love her. She's a free I promise. If I could have seven days week face from the Middle East from the West Indies soul about my body Rest in peace Got me. What do you know why I got cameras, she said we should blob. I know she got stand up, she said. Start job like the westward. E always put me first. Hey, I'm not been around, but a swell You got the best song, huh? Yeah. Trip on the floor in is getting nasty. He ain't keeping his hands above my allergies. I does something that give him And if he asks, I'm not feeling the baby. I let him guess. Let me up. Let me up. Let me up. I've just seen the whole world and then knowing that how does US bank rose dank, bro? There really is a lot of us. I'll be hoping that it's love, but it really just be the less anything for rush Now it's Van Nuys on a touchdown. It's a cold world. Get a bus down. How you get my mom before my body and my trust now, he said, like this to show that he thinks that we should know. I think I'm gonna break him is gonna be quick. You know, I read that till I get seasick. Wait. You loved it took that mess. But don't put it on passing. Now. I got the gypsy in the power If you add the westward, right, always put me first. Hey, I'm not been a problem, but it's way that the best song, huh? Yeah, drop on the floor and it's getting nasty. He ain't keeping his hands above my chief..
Politicians, Constance Baker Motley
"Hello from Wonder Media Network I'm Jenny Kaplan and this is encyclopedia Britannica. Today's politicians but most of her life fighting for civil rights, she put her life at risk to change the course of American history, but she's often left out of history books. Let's talk about Constance Baker Motley. Constance Baker Motley was born on September fourteenth nineteen, forty one in new haven connecticut she was one of twelve children born to working class immigrant parents from the West indies. Constance. Was a bright child who grew up attending integrated schools and quickly fell in love with reading. She didn't learn much about black history in school. But what she did learn about civil rights leaders inspired her she decided she wanted to become a lawyer, but constance couldn't afford higher education. She took a job as a maid for a while before moving on to work for the National Youth Administration an organization focused on providing work an educational opportunities for young adults. Constance was giving a speech at a local community center one evening when her oratory skills impressed a wealthy white philanthropist. He, offered to pay for constants college tuition. So in nineteen, forty, one constance began attending college at Fisk University in Nashville. She later wrote that the train ride down to Tennessee was the first time she experienced overt racism and Jim Crow laws after being forced to ride in a broken down segregated train car, it was a perspective changing moment for constance two years into her attendance at Fisk Constance transferred to New York University and finished her bachelor's degree in economics. Then in nineteen, forty, four constance became the first black woman to be accepted to Columbia law school. After graduating from Columbia in nineteen, forty, six constants worked for the NWC peas legal staff under Thurgood. Marshall who later became a court justice over the course of her work at the N. double ACP constance assisted with almost sixty cases that ended up reaching the Supreme Court. She also personally argued ten supreme court cases and one nine. Constance is work integrated multiple southern state universities putting her toe-to-toe with racist governors determined to bar black students from schools. She also helped protect the right to peaceful protests and opened up parks for. Black. Americans. She did all that despite the sexism and racism personally experienced during her legal career. Some judges actually turned their backs on her and refused to hear her speak. But Constance didn't let others biopsies bar her from success. Her work made her a key player in the civil rights movement and she even occasionally represented Dr. Martin? Luther. King Junior. Constance was constantly in danger when she was working in the south racists threatened her life and the lives of other prominent figures in the black community constance was barred from staying in hotels. So she had to stay with local activists, but even that didn't make her feel completely safe her friend Mississippi civil rights leader Medgar. Evers. was murdered his own driveway. So in nineteen, sixty, five constance left her work in the south and moved back to New York City. Shortly thereafter, she became the first black woman to serve in the New York State Senate. She was also elected president of the borough of Manhattan which made her the first woman in that role. During her time as a politician constance focused on raising up under served communities in the city like Harlem and East Harlem in nineteen sixty, six president Lyndon Johnson appointed constance to the US. District Court in the southern district
This Day in History Class
Walter Rodney Was Way Ahead of His Time
"Day was March twenty third nineteen forty two Guyanese historian and activist. Walter Rodney was born. He's remembered for his scholarship and activism concerning the working class and black people around the world. Rodney was born to Edward in Pauline Rodney in Georgetown British Guyana or Present Day Guyana British. Guyana was a colony that was part of the British West indies after World War. Two there were increasing demands for political independence in Guyana. The People's Progressive Party a left wing political party formed in the early nineteen fifties in the colony. Rodney's perspective developed in the midst of this rising anti colonial sentiment during that decade rotten distributed people's Progressive Party manifestos began attending Queens College. A high school in Guyana. There he edited the school's newspaper and participated in the debate society. He graduated in Nineteen Sixty and won a scholarship to the university. College of the West indies. He graduated with a degree in history in nineteen sixty three. He went on to attend the University of London where he got a doctorate in African history. His thesis was called a history of the Upper Guinea coast. Fifteen forty five to eighteen hundred in England. Rodney continued to recognize how scholarship divorced history from politics brought and he took a job as a lecturer in Tanzania but he left to teach at the University of the West indies in Jamaica there he taught African history highlighting the importance of Africa and Caribbean history and the impact of historical resistance against slavery and colonialism. He advocated for the Working Class and criticized the government's policies he gave lectures to marginalized groups in Jamaica and became a key figure in the black power movement after he went to the black riders conference in Montreal. In nineteen sixty eight Rodney was declared persona non grata by the Jamaican government and banned from returning to the country. People protested his banning but he continued to speak out on the repression of darker. Jamaicans he taught in Tanzania for a few years publishing his best known work. How Europe underdeveloped Africa but in one thousand nine hundred eighty four? He returned to Guyana which had gained independence in nineteen sixty six to take a position as a professor of history at the University of Guyana. Though his appointment to the university was revoked he stayed in Guyana and he became a leader of the working people. A political group formed in the nineteen seventies and opposition to the regime of Prime Minister Forbes Burnham Rodney gave lectures in Jamaica Europe and the US and he continued his vocal resistance to burn them as the government proceeded to sponsor police rates and beatings and July of Nineteen seventy-nine. He and seven other people were arrested after two government offices were burned down. He faced charges of arson but was acquitted though he and his peers faced persecution. He maintained his criticism of the government and the Constitution but on June thirteenth nineteen eighty. Rodney died in a bomb explosion. The bomb was allegedly given to him by someone and the guy in a defense force is suspected that the assassination was orchestrated by Burnham. Rodney was survived by his wife and three children. Some of his works were published
Coming Out Stories
Oscar's Coming Out Story
"How identify is constantly evolving? Rarely but at the moment I'm identify as Trans Masculine Non Binary Sexuality was. I pretty much identifies Pan sexual but I D- tend to bisexual just for the ease of not having conversation about said Pharaoh Enough. So what did he say? Non Binary e dressing and looking Clint David's up and some days you feel more feminine. No I think it's important for people to realize whether they're feeling in particular nor that identity is really an internal thing not necessarily how you how you look to other people for me. A non binary is is that You see gender on a spectrum which is basically how I've always thought of gender and so nobody is absolutely mild or absolutely female. There's always a mix of the two and there's also the complication that gender is on some are also Collection of ideas about how you look or act to other people so I feel like me a lot of the time sometimes I. I feel more of the old me that I feel of the new me. I mean it's very it's a very complicated question basically also like as I got older the idea that I am me in isolation to the world is a bit ridiculous no like I M E in contact with people and situations at any given moment so my identity is as fluid as my gender. And you've had quite a few coming out stories. I've had a series of coming out stories so initially came out as a lesbian as I was growing up. There was very little language or or information about identities other than heterosexual binary gender identities. Tell us where when you were growing up. Well I was born in the seventy s So I grew up in the seventies and eighties ninety s and two thousand and still growing up but I was born in the Midlands in in the Cayenne. When I was about four we moved to Trinidad in the West indies. Which is what my father's from okay. And what was it like spending your formative years and you childhood really in the Carribean. It was in many ways idyllic. It's a beautiful island and it's possibly one of the few places in the world which really celebrates of mixed race identity obviously are mixed race. Many many different ethnicities and Trinidad is one of the few places I've been genuinely celebrate slap. That's good but do they understand gay people because initially you were you were growing up. As a woman came out as lesbian. He added that fail. Yeah I mean I didn't really come out until after I left Trinidad because I was eleven when I left my mom brought back to the UK. I mean I was just touching on the edges of it so when I was in Trinidad we started to have the first sort of stories coming out about the AIDS crisis. I remember that happening and that was probably the first time I'd ever really come into contact with the idea that a man could love a man and a woman could love woman. It was a confusing and also exciting time because I was starting to recognize something of myself in the stories of the people that I was hearing about. But also there's the slight terrible thing happening and essentially this like lots of rhetoric about whether or not. This was something that was supposed to happen if it was a good thing or you know like did God. God punishing gays that kind of stuff and was it. Was it quite homophobic place? Then we'll turn it out Been changing of the last few years is like a head. I pride last year two years ago. The groups who are campaigning for rights. Lgbt plus rights in that country of very vocal and getting a lot of coverage so those very positive but it is a very conservative religious country in the sense that there are lots of very vocal strongly opinionated mainly Christian groups. It's a hotbed of activity for moments and seventh day. Adventists Evangelical Christians who come to do the mission circle missionary. So they're very like the very active dumber. So what was it like going to school in Canada then? It was intense very intense educational program that pushes kids along. It was a difficult time mainly because I was bullied a lot in school for being different as they saw our very masculine girl. He hung around with boys and Didn't really do lots of girl stuff which made me Different did they. Yeah I mean a lot of it was just like a teasing girls. Say things to make me feel like I didn't really fit in or like wasn't doing go right. Anna there was some physical comments and but men mainly was too slight low level humiliation that kind of stuff so sort of processing the fact that he gave you thought. Well Yeah I mean I. I knew I was different. A neo wasn't acting the same way that girls actives but also At that point I hadn't really got the language for a lot of what I how I was identifying. So so you wouldn't necessarily questioning agenda at that point away. Yeah well I was questioning my gender from from with Tommy was a child so I basically I thought I was a boy up until 'cause I as I start to hit school. I had to wear a dress. 'cause I was a girl And up until that point I didn't have to. My mom has no real. She's not strongly set in her generals. The associate she identified herself as a Tomboy when she grew up. She wanted to be a cowboy riding high. Was it when you have to suddenly wear a dress. Then I imagined that was horrific. It was yeah boy shorts underneath my dresses. Go as a way of protecting myself but yeah hated it and also like when I was teased for being in address that was like even more upsetting because it was already vulnerable in address and then I was being made fun of because I was wearing a dress. Did you feel like you were just wearing the wrong clothes when he wore dress? Yes basically Oscar. You're just lucky. Didn't mind mother because I didn't ask Oh uniform. And My mother invented this thing called Dress Tuesdays and she just make me where we address on a Tuesday. I did run on high out really early. And then you didn't wear a dress Carolina absolutely. Yeah I mean I had to wear a dress as my school uniform. So just sucked up. That's what I did. I had to address my first holy communion that was horrific. I mean I only wore it because my mom made it but it was like. Oh it was terrible terrible time and then. I had one dress that had to wear. I think goes on my six birthday and I think that was probably the last time. My mom made me wear dress. She made me wear for my sex birthday party. E and it it was like horrible so yeah. That was the last time she made me do it. Outside of required parameters. I think the first time that you sort of expressed any of this because it was your mom that I come out to. Isn't it? Yeah in terms of sexuality came out quite early so as I moved to the UK was probably like twelve thirty you. She's okay without his like you're part of the family you know that's no it's not. GonNa Change and what about you that my dad was? Okay about Basically my mom told him. I think it's quite amazing. They probably don't see. She went with like hard news off. News is Basically it was like your door is addicted to drugs and she's a lesbian and my dad was like I don't care who. She sleeps with as long as she gets off. The drugs is ready. Basically the the outer now all scattered. I'm guessing at the time that was quite stressful for you and your family about the addiction. Side of things go into substance abuse at a very young age Just about eleven twelve years old. Yeah I basically got into dogs when I came back to the UK. So I came back from what was a very strict conservative school environment where you like stood when they teaches torture you and me entered and left the room to a high school in a one of the more challenging parts of London where kids would throw things at the teacher and tell them to piss off in that sort of stuff so it was. It was a huge culture shock for me and also like just coming into the UK with the levels of segregation and racism that existed compared to the country. That are just come from. That was also heat shock but I came over. I made some friends and within the first year we started experimenting with drugs and stuff so looking back on it now I see. It is a way of coping with what was going on But it didn't it wasn't in any way helpful to me. What were you doing mom asking the short answer to that is whatever. I could get my hands on. I guess in terms of long term use consistent long-term use. It was mainly Paul but there were also other drugs or substances. 'cause I went all drugs involved in that usage through from about up until the age of about the tea when I decided I just couldn't do the study more where I was just using stuff to nominate cope with what was going on drinking as well. No I'm not a fan of alcohol really lucky that way. I don't I don't really drink. So what was eventually made? You think account live like this anymore. I'd been homeless a couple of times and I was staying at my exes flat. She got a place and I just spent a year with a sort of extreme. Kind of Agra phobia had been really depressed and lots and lots of mental health issues and I spent about a year on the sofa refusing to leave the flat and I was basically waiting to die at that point and And I just had this moment where I asked myself radio. Honestly if you were going to die right now would you? Would you just let yourself go and the answer was now? I would try and stay alive and so I thought well if that's true if I really WanNa live them. I should just Kinda try and do that. And that was the start of a very long journey out of mental health in the BC. She's drug abuse issues. And you think all of that was because he was struggling with your sexuality or your gender identity or both Sexuality was never really an issue for me. I always saw that as a soft a software out. My gender identity struggled with a lot more. The first time I tried to broach the subject with my mom. My mom is usually the person I talked to. My Dad's not very like conversational. I just seen a documentary about a trance guy who was going to Amsterdam for the first so of surgeries that they were offering female-to-male people and I was just like wow. That's me you know and I tried to tell my mom and she was. She was freaked out. Boy Boy. I remember her saying what what kind of life you're going to have and I was like so affected by her reaction. The I stack tracked and kept secret which I'd been doing anyway pretty much by whole life and so I just went back to being lesbian for About the twentieth years so I came out again at the five is lesbian. I had my moments. I probably would have been a good lesbian if I wanted to be one. If I'd wanted to stay that way I mean you know like there's a certain amount of Kudos that comes with being a butch woman. There's definitely a market of attraction that people you know women find attractive and I was like well. Maybe I don't know it wasn't able to sort of engage with a as much maybe to have taken advantage of that but you had girlfriends yeah had girlfriends. Yeah so I may have been a good lesbian.
This Day in History Class
On This Day in History: Tula, Leader of the Curacao Slave Revolt, Was Executed
"Seventeen ninety five to a leader of the cure so slave revolt was executed cure so is an island in the Caribbean sea the air walk indigenous peoples from South America. are thought to have moved to the island many hundreds of years ago in fourteen ninety nine. Spaniard Alonzo `Hada arrived on the island with an expedition addition marking the first time Europeans visited curious though the Spanish then colonized the island which at that time was inhabited by the do joe a coastal type of air walk people the Spanish enslave the cockatiels incent them to Hispaniola but by sixteen thirty four the Dutch coach occupied the island cures though was a major port of trade for the Dutch west India company that included the trade of enslaved people which was the the main business of the island most of enslaved Africans who came through we're bought and sold and cure so and were taken to other islands in the Dutch west indies in Spanish colonies. Some of those enslaved Africans did remain on the island and worked on plantations. There was a large number for of enslaved people on the island but there were also many menu missions and many free people of Color and black people also lived in cure so and some of them even even owned enslaved people. They're worse labor volts incur- so in the eighteenth century including minor ones in seventeen sixteen seventeen fifty and seventeen seventy four one of the most significant revolts incur- so's history is the one that began on August seventeenth seventeen ninety five about fifty enslaved. People who worked on the plantation refused to work and went to nearby plantations together more supporters. There were several reasons that the unrest among enslaved people have reached this point Dutch planters were imposing more restrictions on enslaved people to increase productivity and profit they forced enslaved people to work on Sundays and they hired enslaved people out to others slave owners also collectively punished enslaved enslaved people for the offense of a single person on top of the conflict swelling around those changes in slave people and curious though also received word of the anti slavery and anti colonial uprisings in the French colony Asano monk or present day Haiti as well as the defeat of the Dutch by French revolutionary forces in seventeen ninety five as revolts and conspiracies took place in the French and Spanish Caribbean the spirit of revolution spread throughout the region and enslaved man named to reportedly knew about the French and Haitian revolutions and spoke about them to Louis Mercier Bastian and car Pata and pays relic. How were all instrumental in the revolt is not clear whether the revolt was the result of a planned conspiracy or happened spontaneously painlessly but the strike on the net plantation turned into a widespread revolt at its height the revolt involved about two thousand enslaved people out of the twelve thousand who lived on the island some free black people and maroons or fugitives who live in independent communities also joined the revolt against the colonists at first colonial authorities turned to a Roman Catholic priest named Father Shink to help with negotiations but revolt leaders did not budge on their calls for freedom negotiations failed the Dutch decided to use armed force and turned to white colored and black militias to suppress the rebellion. The insurgents claimed that support would be arriving from Saddam but by late September the revolt had been suppressed pressed the leaders of the rebellion including Tula mercy and carpet had been captured to white people have been killed while around one hundred under enslaved people were murdered. Tula was tortured on the rack and forced to confess that he planned to kill all white people incur- so and then he was executed suited other revolt leaders were also put to brutal death after the revolt colonial authorities made efforts to roll back some of the harsh labor practices. This is imposed on enslaved people that led to the rebellion though there was a little anti slavery resistance incur- so in the years after the seventeen ninety five revolt there weren't many major slave revolts on the island throughout the nineteenth century. Slavery was abolished and cure so in eighteen sixty three. I'm
Weekend Edition Sunday
Nobel-winning author V.S. Naipaul dead at 85
"Naipaul winner of. The Nobel prize has died the Eighty-five-year-old author was at his home in London perhaps best known for his. Novel bend in the river Naipaul, was a controversial figure, in, the. Literary world NPR's, Lynn neary has this remembrance by all accounts vs Naipaul was not an, easy, man his biographer Patrick Francis Naipaul set, high standards for himself and he expected as much from others the it. A waiter in a restaurant a fellow writer or an entire country Naipaul did not hold back his criticism when he felt it. Was deserved if you think of the first line of his book. Abandoned the, reverts the. World is what it, is and his view was that. You looked things straight on it looked at them dead, on and you told the truth as you saw it as you perceived. It and, if that was going to distress and upset people then, so be it Naipaul's relationship with his birthplace Trinidad was nothing if not complicated, his grandparents emigrated They're from India as indentured servants Naipaul has said he thought it was a mistake that he was born. There French believes he probably meant that as a joke but here's how Naipaul described Trinidad in nineteen Ninety-four. NPR interview after the destruction of, the aboriginal people Wilderness and then. On. That ruinous late in the eighteenth century then began to, be created a plantation and, I fear that is how we have to think of the place, it can't be country in the way you would think of. Being a country or Turkey be your country Naipaul's early. Novels give, a warm and humorous view of Trinidad. A house for Mr., Biswas which some consider his best book was based on his father's, life but Naipaul, didn't wanna get trapped and Trinidad like. His father so he sought and won. A scholarship to Oxford biographer French says Naipaul's early years in Britain were difficult he suffered from depression poverty and. Loneliness to arrive in that setting. With very little money very little security the racial prejudices of the nineteen fifties that was was quite tough for him and probably. The toughest time of all was after he left Oxford and he really didn't know what to do And he was so short. Of. Money that he was he was he got ill he, didn't have enough to eat, he had nowhere to stay if such a difficult period I don't, want to to be reminded of it I prefer to deal. With it and imagination when a collection of his letters. Was published, in two thousand nine Paul told NPR. He did not believe, in wallowing in the intense emotions of those early experiences instead he, used his writing, to work through those feelings what happens. With with pain is really time does. Heal it and one deals with in the end with an abstraction to be reminded of the week to week Difficulties, are those times it'd be too much for me actually in his later years Naipaul live comfortably, with his second wife in the English countryside he was. A highly respected writer winner. Of the Nobel prize in literature. Still he always seemed to. Be a man caught between, two worlds the world of the colonizer and those. Who are communist and has views on the. Formerly communist could be harsh but French says it is the tension. Between those two worlds that whole Naipaul's writing I think that if you've you've come out of. Something, close to slavery you've grown up in the colony. You are of Indian origin but you come from the West. Indies and then you turn up in the nineteen fifties in Oxford new make your home in England You are from the most complex triangulate background possible and out. Of that distinctive experience he created, extraordinary works fictional non fiction sometimes it has. Seemed that my pulse caustic pen and pension for controversy would, overshadow his accomplishments as a writer but biographer Patrick French believes those moments are short lived in the long term, he says I have no doubt that people will be reading his books for for. Decades and centuries to come, in the end French thinks that my Paul, was satisfied with his life but. Never self-satisfied for VS Naipaul, the world was a provocative place there was always something else to be said something else to be written,
John Bloom, Fifteen Year and Two Decades discussed on Morning Edition
"I'm john bloom in for this week's global business i've put on my hiking boots to join the world of digital new computer wiz who can work anywhere any time so long as they have laptop and wifi it's good lifestyle here been what's going to stadium i really quite enjoy freedom of traveling generally coating fixing but how do you control or even tax workers who can write computer code in china or build websites in the west indies gilpin you computer stopped working you're actually so there's no legal framework in any country in the world to support the lifestyle which is ridiculous because we had millions of people who are highly skilled talent moving around and working with this new lifestyle do digital nomads represent the future of work or are they a threat to nation states find out in global business after the news bbc news i'm john shea thousands of people have thronged addis ababa's main thoroughfare to greet eritrea's president asya of his three day visit to ethiopia comes less than a week after the two neighbors declared an end to a two decade long conflict emmanuel reports on a rival president i say well received by host ethiopian prime minister abbey made and dozens of cultural dances and a brass band performed for him as you walk the red carpet his visit comes just days after that of the prime minister arbitrary chair where the two leaders signed a landmark deal restoring diplomatic and trade relations the also agreed to resume flights between the countries and pledged to fully implement the decision of a un buck buller commission that that the town of the conflict was part of a chair on sunday mysterious will officially open they reach an embassy in which was shut down two decades ago former leaders from the farc rebel group in colombia have appeared at a special tribunal described as a historic event which could help heal the wounds of for fifty year conflict the head of the faulk rodriguez donyo also timoshenko asked for forgiveness for kidnappings carried out by the group and for the pain and suffering of many families families in mastering in western pakistan are burying their dead killed on friday and one of the country's worst ever militant attacks the islamic state group says it carried out the attack so kamani reports this is one of the deadliest attacks by militants in pakistan's history it targeted an election rally of a local politician in the town of mustang he was amongst those killed the previous set of elections in pakistan were overshadowed by the threat of violence the number of parties unable to campaign in the past few years security has greatly improved in pakistan but this week has seen a spate of attacks targeting local politicians officials in western afghanistan so at least seventeen troops have been killed in a taliban attack on an army base in farah province a local officials said four soldiers were wounded in the overnight attack in the district of boban luke israel has carried out a fresh wave of strikes on the gaza strip it said it was responding to over thirty tara act on the gaza perimeter tom bateman reports from jerusalem israeli fighter jets bombed a tunnel dug by militants in the southern gaza strip as well as military compounds israel said there had been thirty one launches mostly of mortar shells from gaza airstrikes came in between those volleys on friday is rarely soldiers shot dead a fifteen year old boy during fresh protests at the gaza perimeter fence bringing the number of palestinians killed buys rayleigh troops to more than one hundred thirty since march israel said the strikes were also in response to the daily arson attacks launched from gaza using kites and balloons well news from the bbc the trial of boys rescued from a flooded cave complex in northern thailand are expected to be released from hospital next thursday johnson reports the discharge date was revealed at the ministry of health press conference during which a new video of the recovering team was also shown to journalists in the short film the boys are seen sitting in their hospital beds during pictures i'm in good health now thanks for saving me one of the boys says tire thirties now say the team and their families need to prepare for the media attention they will receive when they leave the.