35 Burst results for "Walter"

Women settle suit alleging Liberty University mishandled assault cases

AP News Radio

00:34 sec | 5 d ago

Women settle suit alleging Liberty University mishandled assault cases

"A a a a settlement settlement settlement settlement has has has has been been been been reached reached reached reached in in in in a a a a lawsuit lawsuit lawsuit lawsuit twelve twelve twelve twelve women women women women brought brought brought brought last last last last summer summer summer summer against against against against liberty liberty liberty liberty university university university university accusing accusing accusing accusing the the the the Christian Christian Christian Christian institution institution institution institution of of of of mis mis mis mis handling handling handling handling cases cases cases cases of of of of sexual sexual sexual sexual assault assault assault assault and and and and harassment harassment harassment harassment the the the the development development development development comes comes comes comes as as as as the the the the private private private private evangelical evangelical evangelical evangelical school school school school in in in in Lynchburg Lynchburg Lynchburg Lynchburg Virginia Virginia Virginia Virginia faces faces faces faces continued continued continued continued scrutiny scrutiny scrutiny scrutiny over over over over its its its its handling handling handling handling of of of of sex sex sex sex assault assault assault assault cases cases cases cases some some some some plaintiffs plaintiffs plaintiffs plaintiffs in in in in the the the the lawsuit lawsuit lawsuit lawsuit described described described described being being being being raped raped raped raped or or or or sexually sexually sexually sexually harassed harassed harassed harassed and and and and having having having having their their their their cases cases cases cases mishandled mishandled mishandled mishandled or or or or effectively effectively effectively effectively ignored ignored ignored ignored the the the the school school school school recently recently recently recently acknowledged acknowledged acknowledged acknowledged that that that that the the the the U. U. U. U. S. S. S. S. department department department department of of of of education education education education is is is is reviewing reviewing reviewing reviewing its its its its compliance compliance compliance compliance with with with with requirements requirements requirements requirements to to to to maintain maintain maintain maintain and and and and disclose disclose disclose disclose crime crime crime crime statistics statistics statistics statistics and and and and security security security security information information information information I I I I Walter Walter Walter Walter Ratliff Ratliff Ratliff Ratliff

Lynchburg Liberty Liberty Liberty Libert Virginia Christian Christian Christian Sexual Assault Assault Assault Evangelical Evangelical Evange Sex Assault Assault Assault As School School School School U. U. U. U. S. S. S. S. Depart Walter Walter Walter Walter Ra
Fire-ravaged New Mexico villages cling to faith, ‘querencia’

AP News Radio

00:42 sec | Last week

Fire-ravaged New Mexico villages cling to faith, ‘querencia’

"As as as as the the the the largest largest largest largest wildfire wildfire wildfire wildfire burning burning burning burning in in in in the the the the U. U. U. U. S. S. S. S. marches marches marches marches across across across across northern northern northern northern New New New New Mexico Mexico Mexico Mexico residents residents residents residents have have have have been been been been guided guided guided guided by by by by their their their their faith faith faith faith their their their their connection connection connection connection to to to to each each each each other other other other and and and and the the the the land land land land the the the the fire fire fire fire has has has has burned burned burned burned hundreds hundreds hundreds hundreds of of of of square square square square miles miles miles miles destroying destroying destroying destroying dozens dozens dozens dozens of of of of homes homes homes homes and and and and largely largely largely largely Hispanic Hispanic Hispanic Hispanic working working working working class class class class neighborhoods neighborhoods neighborhoods neighborhoods and and and and forcing forcing forcing forcing thousands thousands thousands thousands to to to to evacuate evacuate evacuate evacuate faith faith faith faith is is is is infused infused infused infused in in in in homes homes homes homes across across across across the the the the New New New New Mexico Mexico Mexico Mexico mountains mountains mountains mountains elected elected elected elected officials officials officials officials and and and and fire fire fire fire managers managers managers managers frequently frequently frequently frequently credited credited credited credited prayer prayer prayer prayer when when when when winds winds winds winds calmed calmed calmed calmed enough enough enough enough to to to to allow allow allow allow firefighters firefighters firefighters firefighters to to to to battle battle battle battle the the the the blazes blazes blazes blazes residents residents residents residents here here here here pleaded pleaded pleaded pleaded with with with with god god god god for for for for intervention intervention intervention intervention in in in in the the the the form form form form of of of of rain rain rain rain and and and and calm calm calm calm winds winds winds winds and and and and they've they've they've they've invoked invoked invoked invoked the the the the virgin virgin virgin virgin Mary Mary Mary Mary and and and and the the the the patron patron patron patron saints saints saints saints of of of of firefighters firefighters firefighters firefighters conditions conditions conditions conditions are are are are expected expected expected expected to to to to worsen worsen worsen worsen over over over over the the the the weekend weekend weekend weekend with with with with consecutive consecutive consecutive consecutive days days days days of of of of high high high high winds winds winds winds I'm I'm I'm I'm Walter Walter Walter Walter Ratliff Ratliff Ratliff Ratliff

New New New New Mexico Mexico Square Square Square Square Mountains Mountains Mountains U. Virgin Virgin Virgin Virgin Mary Mary Mary Mary Saints Saints Saints Saints Walter Walter Walter Walter Ra
Cardinal: Pope OK'd spending 1M euros to free kidnapped nun

AP News Radio

00:38 sec | Last week

Cardinal: Pope OK'd spending 1M euros to free kidnapped nun

"The the the the cardinal cardinal cardinal cardinal has has has has testified testified testified testified the the the the pope pope pope pope Francis Francis Francis Francis authorize authorize authorize authorize spending spending spending spending up up up up to to to to one one one one million million million million euros euros euros euros to to to to free free free free a a a a Colombian Colombian Colombian Colombian nun nun nun nun kidnapped kidnapped kidnapped kidnapped by by by by a a a a cable cable cable cable linked linked linked linked militants militants militants militants in in in in Mali Mali Mali Mali the the the the spending spending spending spending included included included included hiring hiring hiring hiring a a a a British British British British security security security security firm firm firm firm to to to to find find find find the the the the nun nun nun nun and and and and secure secure secure secure her her her her freedom freedom freedom freedom the the the the cardinals cardinals cardinals cardinals bombshell bombshell bombshell bombshell testimony testimony testimony testimony could could could could pose pose pose pose serious serious serious serious security security security security implications implications implications implications for for for for the the the the Vatican Vatican Vatican Vatican since since since since he he he he provided provided provided provided evidence evidence evidence evidence that that that that the the the the pope pope pope pope was was was was apparently apparently apparently apparently willing willing willing willing to to to to pay pay pay pay at at at at least least least least some some some some ransom ransom ransom ransom to to to to Islamic Islamic Islamic Islamic militants militants militants militants to to to to free free free free the the the the nun nun nun nun she she she she was was was was eventually eventually eventually eventually let let let let go go go go last last last last year year year year ransom ransom ransom ransom payments payments payments payments are are are are rarely rarely rarely rarely if if if if ever ever ever ever confirmed confirmed confirmed confirmed precisely precisely precisely precisely to to to to dissuade dissuade dissuade dissuade future future future future kidnappings kidnappings kidnappings kidnappings the the the the cardinals cardinals cardinals cardinals testimony testimony testimony testimony was was was was part part part part of of of of the the the the Vatican's Vatican's Vatican's Vatican's big big big big financial financial financial financial fraud fraud fraud fraud trial trial trial trial in in in in which which which which he he he he is is is is a a a a defendant defendant defendant defendant I'm I'm I'm I'm Walter Walter Walter Walter Ratliff Ratliff Ratliff Ratliff

Mali Cardinals Cardinals Cardinal Cardinal Cardinal Car Pope Pope Pope Pope Francis Fr Vatican Vatican Vatican Pope Pope Vatican's Vatican's Vatican's Cardinals Walter Walter Walter Walter Ra
Pope's Ukraine diplomacy a political and spiritual tightrope

AP News Radio

00:40 sec | Last week

Pope's Ukraine diplomacy a political and spiritual tightrope

"Pope pope pope pope Francis Francis Francis Francis hasn't hasn't hasn't hasn't made made made made much much much much of of of of a a a a diplomatic diplomatic diplomatic diplomatic mark mark mark mark in in in in Russia's Russia's Russia's Russia's war war war war in in in in Ukraine Ukraine Ukraine Ukraine his his his his appeals appeals appeals appeals for for for for a a a a truce truce truce truce have have have have gone gone gone gone unheeded unheeded unheeded unheeded and and and and as as as as planned planned planned planned meeting meeting meeting meeting with with with with the the the the head head head head of of of of the the the the Russian Russian Russian Russian Orthodox Orthodox Orthodox Orthodox Church Church Church Church was was was was called called called called off off off off while while while while the the the the long long long long list list list list of of of of diplomatic diplomatic diplomatic diplomatic dead dead dead dead ends ends ends ends would would would would appear appear appear appear discouraging discouraging discouraging discouraging it's it's it's it's par par par par for for for for the the the the course course course course for for for for the the the the Vatican's Vatican's Vatican's Vatican's unique unique unique unique brand brand brand brand of of of of diplomacy diplomacy diplomacy diplomacy it's it's it's it's a a a a policy policy policy policy that that that that straddles straddles straddles straddles geopolitical geopolitical geopolitical geopolitical realities realities realities realities with with with with spiritual spiritual spiritual spiritual priorities priorities priorities priorities even even even even when when when when they're they're they're they're at at at at odds odds odds odds with with with with one one one one another another another another Francis Francis Francis Francis has has has has called called called called for for for for peace peace peace peace in in in in Ukraine Ukraine Ukraine Ukraine and and and and send send send send cardinals cardinals cardinals cardinals with with with with humanitarian humanitarian humanitarian humanitarian aid aid aid aid but but but but he he he he is is is is also also also also kept kept kept kept alive alive alive alive the the the the holy holy holy holy see's see's see's see's goal goal goal goal of of of of healing healing healing healing relations relations relations relations with with with with the the the the Russian Russian Russian Russian Orthodox Orthodox Orthodox Orthodox Church Church Church Church even even even even as as as as its its its its leader leader leader leader faces faces faces faces sanctions sanctions sanctions sanctions for for for for justifying justifying justifying justifying the the the the war war war war on on on on spiritual spiritual spiritual spiritual grounds grounds grounds grounds I I I I Walter Walter Walter Walter Ratliff Ratliff Ratliff Ratliff

Ukraine Russia Pope Pope Pope Pope Francis Fr Mark Mark Mark Mark Orthodox Church Church Church Vatican's Vatican's Vatican's Cardinals Francis Francis Francis Franci Walter Walter Walter Walter Ra
Supreme Court rules against Boston in Christian flag case

AP News Radio

00:41 sec | 2 weeks ago

Supreme Court rules against Boston in Christian flag case

"The the the the U. U. U. U. S. S. S. S. Supreme Supreme Supreme Supreme Court Court Court Court ruled ruled ruled ruled unanimously unanimously unanimously unanimously that that that that Boston Boston Boston Boston violated violated violated violated the the the the free free free free speech speech speech speech rights rights rights rights of of of of a a a a conservative conservative conservative conservative activist activist activist activist when when when when it it it it refused refused refused refused his his his his request request request request to to to to fly fly fly fly Christian Christian Christian Christian flag flag flag flag on on on on the the the the flag flag flag flag pole pole pole pole outside outside outside outside city city city city hall hall hall hall justice justice justice justice Stephen Stephen Stephen Stephen Bryer Bryer Bryer Bryer wrote wrote wrote wrote for for for for the the the the court court court court that that that that the the the the city city city city discriminated discriminated discriminated discriminated against against against against the the the the activist activist activist activist because because because because of of of of his his his his religious religious religious religious viewpoint viewpoint viewpoint viewpoint the the the the city city city city had had had had approved approved approved approved two two two two hundred hundred hundred hundred eighty eighty eighty eighty four four four four consecutive consecutive consecutive consecutive applications applications applications applications to to to to fly fly fly fly flags flags flags flags before before before before it it it it rejected rejected rejected rejected the the the the activists activists activists activists request request request request because because because because it it it it was was was was a a a a Christian Christian Christian Christian flag flag flag flag prior prior prior prior wrote wrote wrote wrote that that that that the the the the case case case case hinged hinged hinged hinged on on on on whether whether whether whether the the the the flag flag flag flag flying flying flying flying is is is is an an an an act act act act of of of of the the the the government government government government in in in in which which which which Boston Boston Boston Boston can can can can do do do do whatever whatever whatever whatever it it it it wants wants wants wants or or or or private private private private parties parties parties parties the the the the city city city city has has has has said said said said that that that that if if if if I I I I lost lost lost lost the the the the Supreme Supreme Supreme Supreme Court Court Court Court case case case case it it it it would would would would probably probably probably probably changes changes changes changes policy policy policy policy to to to to take take take take more more more more control control control control of of of of what what what what flags flags flags flags fly fly fly fly I'm I'm I'm I'm Walter Walter Walter Walter Ratliff Ratliff Ratliff Ratliff

Boston U. U. U. U. S. S. S. S. Suprem Hall Hall Hall Hall Stephen Stephen Stephen Stephe Court Court Court Court Government Government Governme Supreme Supreme Supreme Suprem Walter Walter Walter Walter Ra
Vatican trial places pope, top aide at center of London deal

AP News Radio

00:39 sec | 2 weeks ago

Vatican trial places pope, top aide at center of London deal

"The the the the former former former former director director director director of of of of the the the the Vatican's Vatican's Vatican's Vatican's financial financial financial financial watchdog watchdog watchdog watchdog agency agency agency agency has has has has testified testified testified testified the the the the pope pope pope pope Francis Francis Francis Francis asked asked asked asked him him him him to to to to get get get get full full full full control control control control of of of of a a a a London London London London property property property property at at at at the the the the center center center center of of of of a a a a Vatican Vatican Vatican Vatican financial financial financial financial trial trial trial trial the the the the testimony testimony testimony testimony once once once once again again again again put put put put the the the the pope pope pope pope and and and and his his his his top top top top deputies deputies deputies deputies in in in in the the the the spotlight spotlight spotlight spotlight for for for for their their their their roles roles roles roles in in in in the the the the problematic problematic problematic problematic deal deal deal deal Vatican Vatican Vatican Vatican prosecutors prosecutors prosecutors prosecutors have have have have accused accused accused accused brokers brokers brokers brokers and and and and Vatican Vatican Vatican Vatican officials officials officials officials of of of of policing policing policing policing the the the the holy holy holy holy city city city city of of of of millions millions millions millions of of of of euros euros euros euros in in in in fees fees fees fees and and and and then then then then extorting extorting extorting extorting the the the the Vatican Vatican Vatican Vatican of of of of fifteen fifteen fifteen fifteen million million million million euros euros euros euros to to to to get get get get full full full full control control control control of of of of the the the the property property property property the the the the Vatican Vatican Vatican Vatican official official official official accused accused accused accused of of of of abusing abusing abusing abusing his his his his office office office office testified testified testified testified he he he he didn't didn't didn't didn't have have have have the the the the authority authority authority authority to to to to block block block block the the the the fifteen fifteen fifteen fifteen million million million million euro euro euro euro payment payment payment payment nor nor nor nor sufficient sufficient sufficient sufficient evidence evidence evidence evidence to to to to flag flag flag flag it it it it to to to to Vatican Vatican Vatican Vatican prosecutors prosecutors prosecutors prosecutors as as as as suspicious suspicious suspicious suspicious I I I I Walter Walter Walter Walter Ratliff Ratliff Ratliff Ratliff

Vatican Vatican Vatican Vatica London Vatican's Vatican's Vatican's Pope Pope Pope Pope Francis Fr Center Center Center Center Of Pope Pope Holy City City City Walter Walter Walter Walter Ra
Activist's self-immolation stirs questions on faith, protest

AP News Radio

00:47 sec | 3 weeks ago

Activist's self-immolation stirs questions on faith, protest

"An an an an activist activist activist activist self self self self immolation immolation immolation immolation is is is is stirring stirring stirring stirring questions questions questions questions about about about about faith faith faith faith in in in in protest protest protest protest last last last last Friday Friday Friday Friday on on on on Earth Earth Earth Earth Day Day Day Day a a a a fifty fifty fifty fifty year year year year old old old old photographer photographer photographer photographer and and and and climate climate climate climate change change change change activists activists activists activists name name name name when when when when Bruce Bruce Bruce Bruce set set set set himself himself himself himself on on on on fire fire fire fire outside outside outside outside the the the the U. U. U. U. S. S. S. S. Supreme Supreme Supreme Supreme Court Court Court Court as as as as in in in in Buddhist Buddhist Buddhist Buddhist priest priest priest priest who who who who described described described described herself herself herself herself as as as as Bruce's Bruce's Bruce's Bruce's friend friend friend friend said said said said he he he he had had had had been been been been planning planning planning planning the the the the act act act act for for for for at at at at least least least least a a a a year year year year the the the the act act act act by by by by the the the the Colorado Colorado Colorado Colorado man man man man who who who who was was was was Buddhist Buddhist Buddhist Buddhist was was was was reminiscent reminiscent reminiscent reminiscent of of of of a a a a Vietnamese Vietnamese Vietnamese Vietnamese monks monks monks monks self self self self immolation immolation immolation immolation in in in in nineteen nineteen nineteen nineteen sixty sixty sixty sixty three three three three protesting protesting protesting protesting an an an an oppressive oppressive oppressive oppressive regime regime regime regime experts experts experts experts say say say say Buddhism Buddhism Buddhism Buddhism doesn't doesn't doesn't doesn't condone condone condone condone self self self self sacrifice sacrifice sacrifice sacrifice but but but but they they they they say say say say it's it's it's it's position position position position is is is is more more more more complex complex complex complex when when when when the the the the motivation motivation motivation motivation is is is is lofty lofty lofty lofty or or or or altruistic altruistic altruistic altruistic one one one one of of of of Bruce's Bruce's Bruce's Bruce's friends friends friends friends wrote wrote wrote wrote an an an an emotional emotional emotional emotional post post post post on on on on Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter saying saying saying saying his his his his self self self self immolation immolation immolation immolation was was was was not not not not suicide suicide suicide suicide but but but but a a a a deeply deeply deeply deeply fearless fearless fearless fearless act act act act of of of of compassion compassion compassion compassion to to to to bring bring bring bring attention attention attention attention to to to to the the the the climate climate climate climate crisis crisis crisis crisis I'm I'm I'm I'm Walter Walter Walter Walter Ratliff Ratliff Ratliff Ratliff

Bruce Bruce Bruce Bruce Bruce Colorado U. U. U. U. S. S. S. S. Suprem Twitter Walter Walter Walter Walter Ra
Inflation drives up Passover food prices for US Jews

AP News Radio

00:41 sec | 3 weeks ago

Inflation drives up Passover food prices for US Jews

"Some some some some American American American American Jewish Jewish Jewish Jewish families families families families observing observing observing observing Passover Passover Passover Passover are are are are struggling struggling struggling struggling to to to to pay pay pay pay for for for for traditional traditional traditional traditional holiday holiday holiday holiday foods foods foods foods as as as as soaring soaring soaring soaring inflation inflation inflation inflation drives drives drives drives up up up up prices prices prices prices during during during during one one one one of of of of the the the the most most most most important important important important Jewish Jewish Jewish Jewish holidays holidays holidays holidays food food food food prices prices prices prices rose rose rose rose ten ten ten ten percent percent percent percent in in in in March March March March on on on on a a a a year year year year by by by by year year year year basis basis basis basis driven driven driven driven by by by by high high high high costs costs costs costs for for for for poultry poultry poultry poultry fish fish fish fish eggs eggs eggs eggs beef beef beef beef and and and and other other other other meats meats meats meats it's it's it's it's the the the the largest largest largest largest increase increase increase increase in in in in forty forty forty forty one one one one years years years years the the the the reasons reasons reasons reasons for for for for the the the the surge surge surge surge include include include include supply supply supply supply chain chain chain chain snags snags snags snags unfavorable unfavorable unfavorable unfavorable weather weather weather weather and and and and rising rising rising rising energy energy energy energy prices prices prices prices the the the the met met met met council council council council runs runs runs runs the the the the country's country's country's country's largest largest largest largest kosher kosher kosher kosher food food food food pantry pantry pantry pantry it it it it expects expects expects expects to to to to supply supply supply supply nearly nearly nearly nearly three three three three million million million million pounds pounds pounds pounds of of of of food food food food and and and and Passover Passover Passover Passover packages packages packages packages to to to to Jews Jews Jews Jews in in in in New New New New York York York York and and and and New New New New Jersey Jersey Jersey Jersey this this this this year year year year its its its its executive executive executive executive director director director director says says says says it it it it has has has has never never never never experienced experienced experienced experienced such such such such a a a a challenge challenge challenge challenge in in in in fifty fifty fifty fifty years years years years I'm I'm I'm I'm Walter Walter Walter Walter Ratliff Ratliff Ratliff Ratliff

Council Council Council Counci Kosher Kosher Kosher Kosher Fo New New New New York York York New New New New Jersey Jersey Walter Walter Walter Walter Ratliff Ratliff
EXPLAINER: Why Mideast tensions are soaring yet again

AP News Radio

00:46 sec | 3 weeks ago

EXPLAINER: Why Mideast tensions are soaring yet again

"Mideast Mideast Mideast Mideast tensions tensions tensions tensions are are are are soaring soaring soaring soaring again again again again here's here's here's here's why why why why tens tens tens tens of of of of thousands thousands thousands thousands were were were were expected expected expected expected in in in in Jerusalem Jerusalem Jerusalem Jerusalem for for for for the the the the first first first first time time time time since since since since the the the the pandemic pandemic pandemic pandemic during during during during a a a a rare rare rare rare confluence confluence confluence confluence of of of of major major major major Jewish Jewish Jewish Jewish Christian Christian Christian Christian and and and and Muslim Muslim Muslim Muslim holidays holidays holidays holidays Israeli Israeli Israeli Israeli and and and and Palestinian Palestinian Palestinian Palestinian leaders leaders leaders leaders discussed discussed discussed discussed how how how how to to to to calm calm calm calm tensions tensions tensions tensions but but but but Israel Israel Israel Israel has has has has seen seen seen seen the the the the deadly deadly deadly deadly a a a a string string string string of of of of attacks attacks attacks attacks in in in in years years years years clashes clashes clashes clashes erupted erupted erupted erupted on on on on April April April April fifteenth fifteenth fifteenth fifteenth at at at at the the the the all all all all Aqsa Aqsa Aqsa Aqsa mosque mosque mosque mosque compound compound compound compound in in in in Jerusalem's Jerusalem's Jerusalem's Jerusalem's old old old old city city city city the the the the third third third third holiest holiest holiest holiest site site site site in in in in Islam Islam Islam Islam and and and and the the the the holiest holiest holiest holiest for for for for Jews Jews Jews Jews who who who who referred referred referred referred to to to to it it it it as as as as the the the the Temple Temple Temple Temple Mount Mount Mount Mount has has has has been been been been ground ground ground ground zero zero zero zero for for for for several several several several outbreaks outbreaks outbreaks outbreaks of of of of violence violence violence violence Palestinians Palestinians Palestinians Palestinians view view view view regular regular regular regular visits visits visits visits by by by by nationalist nationalist nationalist nationalist and and and and religious religious religious religious Jews Jews Jews Jews as as as as a a a a provocation provocation provocation provocation and and and and a a a a possible possible possible possible prelude prelude prelude prelude to to to to Israel Israel Israel Israel taking taking taking taking over over over over the the the the site site site site Israeli Israeli Israeli Israeli authorities authorities authorities authorities say say say say they they they they are are are are committed committed committed committed to to to to maintaining maintaining maintaining maintaining the the the the status status status status quo quo quo quo I'm I'm I'm I'm Walter Walter Walter Walter Ratliff Ratliff Ratliff Ratliff

Jerusalem Israel Aqsa Aqsa Aqsa Aqsa Mosque Mos City City City City Temple Temple Temple Temple Mo Walter Walter Walter Walter Ra
For churches hit by disasters, Easter brings promise of hope

AP News Radio

00:37 sec | Last month

For churches hit by disasters, Easter brings promise of hope

"Easter's Easter's Easter's Easter's message message message message of of of of renewal renewal renewal renewal will will will will be be be be especially especially especially especially poignant poignant poignant poignant this this this this year year year year for for for for poor poor poor poor U. U. U. U. S. S. S. S. congregations congregations congregations congregations rebounding rebounding rebounding rebounding from from from from disasters disasters disasters disasters over over over over the the the the past past past past year year year year a a a a tornado tornado tornado tornado destroyed destroyed destroyed destroyed one one one one church church church church in in in in Kentucky Kentucky Kentucky Kentucky ablaze ablaze ablaze ablaze gathered gathered gathered gathered another another another another in in in in New New New New York York York York City City City City the the the the middle middle middle middle collegiate collegiate collegiate collegiate church church church church burned burned burned burned last last last last December December December December now now now now they're they're they're they're worshipping worshipping worshipping worshipping in in in in a a a a local local local local synagogue synagogue synagogue synagogue hurricane hurricane hurricane hurricane ida ida ida ida shattered shattered shattered shattered a a a a church church church church when when when when the the the the storm storm storm storm hit hit hit hit the the the the Louisiana Louisiana Louisiana Louisiana coast coast coast coast and and and and the the the the most most most most destructive destructive destructive destructive wildfire wildfire wildfire wildfire in in in in Colorado Colorado Colorado Colorado history history history history filled filled filled filled another another another another with with with with smoke smoke smoke smoke and and and and ash ash ash ash for for for for the the the the pastors pastors pastors pastors Easter's Easter's Easter's Easter's promise promise promise promise of of of of hope hope hope hope couldn't couldn't couldn't couldn't be be be be more more more more timely timely timely timely as as as as the the the the resilient resilient resilient resilient congregations congregations congregations congregations come come come come to to to to terms terms terms terms with with with with what what what what happened happened happened happened and and and and prepare prepare prepare prepare for for for for what's what's what's what's next next next next I'm I'm I'm I'm Walter Walter Walter Walter Ratliff Ratliff Ratliff Ratliff

Kentucky U. U. U. U. S. S. S. S. Tornado Tornado Tornado Tornad Church Church Church Church New New New New York York York York City City City City Middle Middle Middle Middle Co Hurricane Hurricane Hurricane Colorado Storm Storm Storm Storm Louisiana Louisiana Louisiana Walter Walter Walter Walter Ra
Ukraine upset by Vatican inviting Russian to carry cross

AP News Radio

00:32 sec | Last month

Ukraine upset by Vatican inviting Russian to carry cross

"The the the the Vatican Vatican Vatican Vatican is is is is planning planning planning planning to to to to have have have have a a a a Russian Russian Russian Russian and and and and Ukrainian Ukrainian Ukrainian Ukrainian woman woman woman woman Kerry Kerry Kerry Kerry across across across across together together together together during during during during a a a a Good Good Good Good Friday Friday Friday Friday procession procession procession procession the the the the women women women women are are are are both both both both nurses nurses nurses nurses who who who who work work work work together together together together ready ready ready ready Rome Rome Rome Rome hospital hospital hospital hospital the the the the Ukrainian Ukrainian Ukrainian Ukrainian ambassador ambassador ambassador ambassador to to to to the the the the holy holy holy holy see see see see blasted blasted blasted blasted the the the the choice choice choice choice given given given given Russia's Russia's Russia's Russia's invasion invasion invasion invasion and and and and war war war war in in in in Ukraine Ukraine Ukraine Ukraine the the the the Catholic Catholic Catholic Catholic archbishop archbishop archbishop archbishop in in in in Kiev Kiev Kiev Kiev says says says says the the the the message message message message is is is is ambiguous ambiguous ambiguous ambiguous and and and and doesn't doesn't doesn't doesn't take take take take into into into into context context context context Russian Russian Russian Russian military military military military aggression aggression aggression aggression in in in in the the the the country country country country pope pope pope pope Francis Francis Francis Francis has has has has pressed pressed pressed pressed for for for for an an an an Easter Easter Easter Easter ceasefire ceasefire ceasefire ceasefire in in in in Ukraine Ukraine Ukraine Ukraine the the the the torch torch torch torch lit lit lit lit procession procession procession procession at at at at Rome's Rome's Rome's Rome's Coliseum Coliseum Coliseum Coliseum is is is is a a a a traditional traditional traditional traditional part part part part of of of of the the the the pope's pope's pope's pope's Holy Holy Holy Holy Week Week Week Week observances observances observances observances hi hi hi hi Walter Walter Walter Walter Ratliff Ratliff Ratliff Ratliff

Ukraine Vatican Vatican Vatican Vatica Kiev Kerry Kerry Kerry Kerry Russia Rome Rome Rome Rome Hospital H Catholic Catholic Catholic Cat Pope Pope Pope Pope Francis Fr Rome Coliseum Coliseum Coliseum Col Walter Walter Walter Walter Ra
Top US Commander in Europe Says Biden Failed to 'Deter' Putin

The Charlie Kirk Show

01:41 min | Last month

Top US Commander in Europe Says Biden Failed to 'Deter' Putin

"To kind of finish this whole topic that we were talking about before we had Don Junior on from MXM news. Which is quote the head of the U.S. European command admits Biden's plan to stop Russia's invasion of Ukraine was worthless. Quote, I can't argue with your conclusions. So said general Todd Walters head of the United States, European command and NATO supreme allied commander in agreement with Joe Biden's threat of sanctions that deter Vladimir Putin from launching an invasion against Ukraine was a failure. Walters made the admission on Wednesday during testimony for the House armed services committee on a continuing war in Ukraine and its quote overarching effect on United States and NATO. The best way to have prevented an invasion and a war and with it, the refugees and with it all of the problems associated would have been to embrace American energy. The real victims here are the Ukrainian people. The Ukrainian people, millions of them. Are fleeing Ukraine to Poland and other neighboring countries. And they're unfortunately being used as pawns by this entire by the regime of both sides, by the way. Reports are suggesting that Russia has committed 70 to 75% of its entire military to the war. After failing to achieve its original agent objective, so there's one of two things that are happening either the western press is totally off base here not telling the truth or Russia's military is nowhere near as powerful. As it was, not even close as powerful as we thought it would be.

European Command Ukraine Don Junior Mxm News Todd Walters House Armed Services Committee Nato Russia Biden Joe Biden Vladimir Putin United States Walters Poland
Holocaust survivors flee from Ukraine to Germany for safety

AP News Radio

00:39 sec | Last month

Holocaust survivors flee from Ukraine to Germany for safety

"When the bombs started falling in Ukraine last month some elderly Ukrainian Jews felt the same panic they suffered as children fleeing the **** now in an unexpected twist of history Jewish organizations are evacuating dozens of Jews from Ukraine to countries including Germany groups involved in the evacuation say around five hundred Holocaust survivors in Ukraine are especially in need of help because of their ailing health despite the challenges the group says their evacuation is a top priority it's a highly difficult and complex operation to transport such frail people out of Ukraine or constant shelling and artillery fire makes any evacuation very dangerous I'm Walter Ratliff

Ukraine Germany Walter Ratliff
Russian talking point: Blaming US for Ukraine church split

AP News Radio

00:39 sec | 2 months ago

Russian talking point: Blaming US for Ukraine church split

"Russia claims that foreign actors have encroached on its religious turf in Ukraine even alleging the United States helped instigate an eastern orthodox schism there Moscow patriarch Correo head of the Russian Orthodox Church said both the west and a rival patriarch we're pursuing the same end of seeking to weaken Russia experts say the conflict in Ukraine isn't a religious war but it has a religious dimension disputes over church authority in Ukraine reach back hundreds of years the Ukrainian orthodox church was recognized as independent as recently as twenty nineteen many Ukrainian orthodox remain loyal to the Moscow branch of the church but that loyalty is now breaking down in response to the Russian invasion I'm Walter Ratliff

Patriarch Correo Ukraine Russia Russian Orthodox Church Moscow United States Ukrainian Orthodox Church Walter Ratliff
Fewer Choices (MM #4017)

The Mason Minute

01:00 min | 2 months ago

Fewer Choices (MM #4017)

"The NASA minute. With Kevin mason. Many people complain about the news media and saying there's more bias than ever before. And we were better off when we had fewer choices. You know, back in the days when we had three TV channels, ABC, CBS NBC. You had, of course, Walter Cronkite, number one, rated on CBS. The Huntley Brinkley report for a long time on NBC. And since I wasn't an ABC watcher, I think it was Howard K Smith back in the day. They had a lot of news anchors on ABC. They were always the third place team. But the one thing people say about the news media back then has everybody was basically reporting the same news. It was just a matter of which personality you liked more. It was fair. It was unbiased. Things changed when CNN came around because we had news 24 hours a day. Then of course you get Fox News and MSNBC, each with their own spin on the news. And it's not about wanting to be biased. It's about finding an audience. You're basically looking for ratings, so therefore you target a segment of the population, you know, will like what you do. It's never going to change. You just have to want to be unbiased. Can you really do that?

Mason Minute Kevin Mason Baby Boomers Life Culture Society Musings ABC Huntley Brinkley Howard K Smith CBS NBC Walter Cronkite Nasa CNN Msnbc Fox News
Fewer Choices (MM #4017)

The Mason Minute

01:00 min | 2 months ago

Fewer Choices (MM #4017)

"The NASA minute. With Kevin mason. Many people complain about the news media and saying there's more bias than ever before. And we were better off when we had fewer choices. You know, back in the days when we had three TV channels, ABC, CBS NBC. You had, of course, Walter Cronkite, number one, rated on CBS. The Huntley Brinkley report for a long time on NBC. And since I wasn't an ABC watcher, I think it was Howard K Smith back in the day. They had a lot of news anchors on ABC. They were always the third place team. But the one thing people say about the news media back then has everybody was basically reporting the same news. It was just a matter of which personality you liked more. It was fair. It was unbiased. Things changed when CNN came around because we had news 24 hours a day. Then of course you get Fox News and MSNBC, each with their own spin on the news. And it's not about wanting to be biased. It's about finding an audience. You're basically looking for ratings, so therefore you target a segment of the population, you know, will like what you do. It's never going to change. You just have to want to be unbiased. Can you really do that?

Mason Minute Kevin Mason Baby Boomers Life Culture Society Musings ABC Huntley Brinkley Howard K Smith CBS NBC Walter Cronkite Nasa CNN Msnbc Fox News
Fewer Choices (MM #4017)

The Mason Minute

01:00 min | 2 months ago

Fewer Choices (MM #4017)

"The NASA minute. With Kevin mason. Many people complain about the news media and saying there's more bias than ever before. And we were better off when we had fewer choices. You know, back in the days when we had three TV channels, ABC, CBS NBC. You had, of course, Walter Cronkite, number one, rated on CBS. The Huntley Brinkley report for a long time on NBC. And since I wasn't an ABC watcher, I think it was Howard K Smith back in the day. They had a lot of news anchors on ABC. They were always the third place team. But the one thing people say about the news media back then has everybody was basically reporting the same news. It was just a matter of which personality you liked more. It was fair. It was unbiased. Things changed when CNN came around because we had news 24 hours a day. Then of course you get Fox News and MSNBC, each with their own spin on the news. And it's not about wanting to be biased. It's about finding an audience. You're basically looking for ratings, so therefore you target a segment of the population, you know, will like what you do. It's never going to change. You just have to want to be unbiased. Can you really do that?

Mason Minute Kevin Mason Baby Boomers Life Culture Society Musings ABC Huntley Brinkley Howard K Smith CBS NBC Walter Cronkite Nasa CNN Msnbc Fox News
High court rejects case of Christian group, bisexual lawyer

AP News Radio

00:37 sec | 2 months ago

High court rejects case of Christian group, bisexual lawyer

"The Supreme Court says it won't review the case of a Christian organization that was sued after declining to hire a bisexual lawyer who applied for a job the case involves the union gospel mission in Seattle Washington an attorney Matthew woods argues that the organization violated state law by discriminating against him on the basis of his sexual orientation a lower court let the case go forward and the High Court has now said it won't intervene to justices Samuel Alito and Clarence Thomas agreed with the decision not to hear the case at this stage however they said the day may soon come when the court needs to confront the issue the case presents I Walter Ratliff

Matthew Woods Union Gospel Mission Supreme Court Seattle Washington Samuel Alito High Court Clarence Thomas Walter Ratliff
"walter" Discussed on Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson

Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson

05:36 min | 9 months ago

"walter" Discussed on Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson

"Ninety four. He built america's largest power plants in chicago. A few years later insult became the president of commonwealth edison and created the country's largest utility. And what he realized. Is that if you wanna stay in business making electricity. What you need is a massive customer base that is going to use electricity twenty four hours a day. He had to actively seek manufacturing facilities. That would use electricity in the middle of the day It was this that insult understood. Not only that intial also needed to find a way to sell electricity at night into the working class. And oddly enough. It was the invention of a then novel kitchen appliance. That helped him do it. The electric refrigerator which is designed and marketed. Ferociously as a way of using electricity at nighttime otherwise you could just turn the system off and so the electric refrigerator then becomes an answer to the coal burning power plant. These two things are linked technologically in order to make a grid which is profitable and sensible for a company to row so he gave us the grid but he also gave us new tilleke system by the end of the nineteen twenties. Samuel insoles utilities serve more than four million customers in thirty two states and were valued at nearly three billion dollars for his business. Empire didn't survive the great depression but his business model endured bigger was better and rather than fight. Government regulation like most industry leaders at the time. Insul- welcomed it. Peter has so that was the other idea that unsal as you mentioned came up with the idea. Well this is like a public good. Doesn't make more sense to have monopolies and that's where there was that grand bargain life. Yes you can have monopolies. But you'll be totally regulated by state regulators and they will set your rates of return so we went started off with a totally competitive. Anyone bills your own power system. Sort of micro grid model to this large centralized bigger is better model. The grand bargain served america. Well for much of the twentieth century massive power plants generated all cheap electricity. a booming economy could use. But it wasn't built to last. The existing electric grid was built. You know fifty to one hundred years ago with one particular architecture in mind brian. Hannigan is president and ceo of holy cross energy a colorado based rural electric utility the grid than existed to take the power output from these large central power plants and distributed out to the areas where people were living in consuming power so as kind of like a one way interstate highway at along the transmission system and a set of side roads state highway system if you will for a distribution utility like holy cross to bring it to the homes and the businesses in the area and thou works really fine as long as your customers on. The receiving end are passive. And they don't really ask for much more than the lights on and the rates low and the proverbial warm shower and cold beer but once those consumers start actively generating their own power with solar on their rooftops or a wind in their communities. Then we start to have an issue were that one way distribution system that one way highway is now subject to two way traffic. It was announced today. The gas sunday will go into effect as of next month. The shift from a one way to a two way. Electrical grid began in the nineteen seventy. We're in an energy crisis now and will be for some time to come. All we can do is the opec oil embargo of nine thousand. Nine hundred. Seventy three caused a dramatic rise in the price of oil and although energy from renewable sources was still considerably more expensive than fossil fuels. The gap was beginning to narrow at the same time. Washington began unraveling the grand bargain by deregulating. The energy market for the first time utilities were required to pay a market price for electricity generated by their customers balki. So you could build a little dam on river at if you could prove that you made electricity of that damn for less money than the utility would have paid to make it. They were required by federal law to buy that electricity from you and this was a tiny crack. Tiny tiny tiny crack in the utility system. And it's that crack which has grown and grown and grown and grown and grown until today it seems perfectly normal to us that somebody could actually put solar panels on their roofs And make electricity and sell it back to the grid. So that was the shift in the nineteen seventies.

commonwealth edison unsal holy cross energy america chicago Samuel Hannigan depression Peter brian colorado balki opec Washington
"walter" Discussed on Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson

Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson

08:22 min | 9 months ago

"walter" Discussed on Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson

"I'm walter isaacson and you're listening to trail blazers an original podcast from dell technologies the energy here within this universe on this planet americal electricity plants constant quest for new ways to harness and make use of energy resources. Transmission mind is from mendes power former banks your energy charging through the atmosphere at your fingertips. Most americans don't think much about the electrical grid. We see the poles and wires that line our street but we don't think about the thousands of power plants the millions of miles of high voltage lines. And all the distribution transformers that make up the american electrical grid the fact that we don't think a lot about it is a sign of it's incredible success for more than a hundred years. The grid has been the backbone of american economic prosperity is reliably deliver electrcity to our homes factories and offices and that's a remarkable achievement because delivering electricity is a very tricky business. 'electricity is a force electromagnetic force. And that means that there isn't anything else like it in our world gretchen. Balki is the author of the book. The grid the fraying liars between americans and our energy future. It just doesn't do anything that anything else does. It doesn't run downhill. doesn't trickle out of an outlet like water would even though we tend to think of in terms of water. Another problem is that it's lethal so that means you can't touch it and there's also not so many things in our world that we interact with so intimately as we do with electricity that we can't actually ever come into contact with and there's another important quality of electricity that makes it different from just about any other product you can think of off can't save it up and use it later. The only place you can kind of control it is in how fast how much you make of it. But the second it's made it's delivered. It's very hard to imagine how we could have. I think thirty six thousand different utilities on a single grid delivering this thing that if you go to the bathroom in the middle of the night and turn the light on the light actually goes on is just beyond conception that we do that but we do do it and we have been making that system work for over a century in fact the national academy of engineering name the electrical grid the greatest engineering achievement of the twentieth century. But the grid might never have been bill if it were not for two remarkable trailblazers who each had radically different ideas. About the future of electricity. There are few inventors more famous than thomas. Edison edison filed more than one thousand patents and is credited with inventing the phonograph the automatic telegraph and the carbon telephone just to name a few but without a doubt one device stand above the rest as his most well-known invented the incandescent lightbulb finding a way to generate and transmit electricity to those bulbs was a logical next step so in eighteen eighty two. He opened his first power plant on pearl street in new york city. The system that edison came up with was very very small. And so you made a usually with coal sometimes with river water. You made electricity and then you would send it at most about a mile and then if you wanted to do it further than that you then had to build a separate grid so if you wanted to move a streetcar you needed a particular grid and you had to keep extending that system with little more little coal. Fire power plants and what that meant. Is that this edison idea. It was great for something. Like lighting downtown's like a main street or lighting of brewery lighting. A rich man's house. These are the kinds of things that electricity was four in eighteen. Ninety s the electricity that at is generated was transmitted by a system known as direct current or dc but dc had its limitations inter. Edison's great rival. Nikola tesla tesla is an interesting character. He sort of like Was the original mad scientists. Peter asmus is the research director the consulting firm guide house insights pictures of tesla. He viewed electricity is like this magical substance. He wanted to be free and so he wasn't really a business man. Whereas edison was the flip side of that tesla got a job with edison machine works in eighteen eighty four. Shortly after arriving in america from croatia he worked on edison's dc generators but he never shared his bosses doozy azam for the technology back. Then the problem with dc is that it couldn't be transmitted over long distances and so it worked with these small micro grids but as people wanted more electricity and cities grew. It wasn't really compatible with that instead. Tesla believe the future lay in alternating current or acey unlike dc with a current runs at a constant voltage in only one direction. Ac could travel over long distances without losing much strength. This meant power. Plants could be larger fewer in number and cheaper dr array. Ac versus dc. The battle for electrical supremacy was on. It was a vicious deeply personal war that occasionally sank to the level of the absurd in order to demonstrate the dangers of ac edison stage public electrocutions of stray animals even arranged for alternating current to be used first time. A convicted murderer was put to death in the electric chair in the end. Ac simply made too much sets eventually won the current but there was still another piece of egocentricity puzzle that needed to be solved. People still didn't know how to make money selling electricity and here. Edison emerged victorious. He came up with the idea of charging per kilowatt hour basically per consumption. And that's the basis of of the modern electricity industry. In fact it was also addison who put meters in homes to monitor electricity use but in the eighteen ninety s only wealthy people had electricity in their homes and they only used it for a few hours a day in the evening. Addison struggled to figure out how to turn electricity into a profitable business. The change that mattered was understanding that you could sell electricity to poor people and make a profit gretchen. Balki says it was edison's chief. Engineer samuel insole who. I understood that. Electricity required economies of scale so in eighteen.

dell technologies Balki walter isaacson Edison edison blazers Tesla gretchen national academy of engineerin Nikola tesla tesla Peter asmus Whereas edison edison machine acey unlike dc edison thomas new york city Edison croatia america
"walter" Discussed on Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson

Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson

01:54 min | 10 months ago

"walter" Discussed on Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson

"We want actually to take a slice of their often noon digital time that slice of time where they're either watching youtube were playing shooting games etcetera and actually have them read. Books developed the love of reading play educational games so book full is meant to take part of that digital entertainment time and not part of the traditional reading time whether it's a baby formula or augmented reality kids books parents have and always will use technology to help raise their children. But that doesn't mean we shouldn't be critical of the technology we used especially when it comes to parenting parenting and child development. Innovators of helped us. Adapt to linking village but technology will never be the answer to the question. How do i raise my child. Well if you think that the most important characteristics of a community you'll probably make a list of things like support encouragement wisdom respect and love. These were also the things parents need. Most as they figure out had raised their kids most of us will never live in a traditional village but as a world changes. It's important to remember that the village can change to. We just need a little help. B- building and is doctor. Spock said a bit of common sense to. I'm walter isaacson and you've been listening to trail blazers original podcast from dell technologies. If you'd like to learn more about any of the guests on today's show visit dell technologies dot com slash trailblazers. Thanks for listening..

youtube dell technologies walter isaacson Spock blazers
"walter" Discussed on Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson

Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson

02:21 min | 10 months ago

"walter" Discussed on Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson

"Who saw that we looked at that type of optimization said wow that looks pretty good. The future of snack flavors may come as much from software as from the kitchen. But the truth is snack. Foods have always been on the forefront of gastronomic innovation flavor. Historian nadia baron. Stain s. snack is sort of a place where people feel comfortable going for flavor experimentation to try something new to try something that really tastes different. Sects are sort of priming palettes to expect more. And i think that you see this playing out not just among you know. Snack food eaters but everywhere that people care about food in culture whether we're talking about fast food or some hot new restaurant. People have have sort of become these flavors seekers and the kind of sensory intense personalized distinctive sensory experience provided by commercial snack. Foods have sort of allowed us to begin imagining in this way. Snacking isn't going away if anything it surging with some figures showing a sixty percent increase in the purchase of snack food during covert and. We'll are buying more nutritious alternatives blockbuster products such as cheetos door. Rita's have seen the largest upticks in sales snack. Food will always be a little bit of a guilty pleasure put. The future holds the promise of alternatives. That are healthy and delicious while featuring flavor combinations at most of us could never imagine and that's a tasty prospect. I'm walter isaacson and you've been listening to trail blazers and original podcast from dell technologies. If you'd like to learn more about any of the guests in today's episode please visit dell technologies dot com slash trailblazers. Thanks for.

nadia baron Rita dell technologies walter isaacson blazers
"walter" Discussed on Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson

Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson

01:58 min | 10 months ago

"walter" Discussed on Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson

"Yeah it's a sunny day. In minority puck california in the mid nineteen twenties and loris gutter is giving her employees. Some homework as clock out of the day. Scott is up. Plucking entrepreneur is recently decided to start selling snacks to motorists at her husband's gestation. Soon after starting this new venture she realizes that a relatively new gastronomic innovation the salty crispy irresistible potato chip is a best seller. But that's where the problem begins. Potato chips are sold out of large wooden barrels. They're handy for storage but not so great for keeping them fresh. The chips tastes great straight out of the friar but after a couple of hours in a wood barrel. They become soggy. Losing that signature. Crunch that makes them so satisfying to eat so scuttled makes what seems like a practical decision. But unbeknownst to her we'll have a huge impact on the way people eat for decades to come when her employees are done for the day. Scudder sent them home with sheets of wax paper and instructs them to fold an iron the wax sheets into flat bags when they come back to work. The following day scudder wraps a fresh batch of chips and h bag. The wax paper has the miraculous effect of keeping the chips perfectly and as delicious as the moment there fry. They're a huge success. And because chips keep their crunch scudder decides the brand them the noisiest chips in the world.

loris gutter Scott california Scudder scudder
"walter" Discussed on Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson

Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson

05:57 min | 11 months ago

"walter" Discussed on Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson

"Moderna. The thing that jumped out to me was This idea that. If if messenger are rene could be harnessed to make medicines and vaccines that it would be very much an information technology at a major transformation. How we think about making medicines. This is dr steven hogue. He's the president of moderna hogue. And the folks that madonna believe. The technology has the potential to revolutionize not just the development of vaccines but therapeutic drugs as well because what messenger ordinary aruna is is. It's just a way to send instructions to a cell in the body To make a protein and that meant that if you could crack the code if you will if you could find a way to produce messenger are and get it into cells and cause them to make proteins that you would be able to do nearly limitless number of things because You just need to change the instructions as opposed to change everything about the vaccine or about the medicine which is the traditional way that they've been developed and that idea eh. Just was captivating. When madonna was founded in two thousand ten the company was primarily interested in using mri to develop therapeutics but it quickly shifted. Its focus to vaccines in fact by the time. News began to filter out of china about a new corona virus. Madonna had already used. 'em are anna in nine successful trials for different vaccines. That's why hogue says. The company was confident that they're covid nineteen vaccine would work but it still needed to go through clinical trials and approval by regulators. And i will never forget the moment that the independent data safety monitoring board allowed myself. And was actually. Dr fauci was there as well We were allowed into their virtual meeting room and they read out the results and that the vaccine was ninety. Four percent effective far far beyond. I think are sumptious going into that. That read out that you just this incredible sense of elation and little bit of pride but just joy that That all of this work the last eight years and particularly everything that happened in twenty twenty was going to pay off in and that we were going to be able to stop this. Pandemic developing a safe and effective vaccine in less than a year is an extraordinary accomplishment. The previous record was four years. And we've only begun to tap the potential of mri may moderna has now turned. Its attention back to the vaccines. It was developing before covid nineteen came along including avian flu and the virus. But it's a vaccine that can treat cancer after already developed that has long been the holy grail for researchers most infectious diseases have a limited number of variations but every cancer tumor is different. So how can you develop a vaccine for a disease with such a high degree of personalization. Hogue is convinced that it's now possible using mri may. It's a really unique approach. It is a personalized cancer vaccine. So we actually make aren't vaccine for each individual individually based on their cancer. And so what you do. Is you take a biopsy of their cancer and you figure out what's the what does that cancer look like. What are the mutations that that cancer has and then we turn those mutations into a vaccine that specifically drives an immune response to those mutations and give that back to the individual think of it as as really just strengthening the immune response or helping to teach the immune system what the cancer looks like and one of the great things about a software like technology. Like messenger irony is that we really are able to create an individualized vaccine using the same technology. Just by copying pasting your information into it and it's the same technology really that we use to create a billion doses of corona virus vaccine. There's no question that has radically changed the future a vaccine science. There's no hope for diseases like cancer that once seemed impervious to vaccines. Researchers are also working on a universal vaccine for influenza and for rare genetic diseases. Such as cystic fibrosis caused by dysfunctional deficient proteins. But if two hundred years of vaccine research as taught us anything is that. There's no place for overconfidence. The next pathogen that comes along maybe even more deadly more elusive than we've encountered before the good news is that we will now go into the next battle better armed and ever before. I'm walter isaacson and you've been listening to trail blazers an original podcast from dell technologies. If you'd like to learn more about the guests and today's episode please visit dell technologies dot com slash trail blazers. Thanks for listening..

dr steven hogue moderna hogue cancer madonna Dr fauci Moderna aruna rene cancer tumor hogue Madonna anna influenza Hogue china infectious diseases cystic fibrosis dell technologies walter isaacson
"walter" Discussed on Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson

Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson

03:24 min | 11 months ago

"walter" Discussed on Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson

"Tobruk twelve seventeen. Sixty eight and russia's catherine the great is that the imperial palace in saint petersburg. The empress is nervous. And so as an english doctor named thomas dimsdale. He's been brought to russia to perform a risky and unusual procedure. A smallpox epidemic has infiltrated the russian kingdom and killed twenty thousand of her siberian subjects. So catherine a great advocate of science and technology has beckoned dimsdale and volunteered to undergo a new treatment. She hopes it will not only prevent her from contracting the deadly disease but also inspire trust in modern medicine dimsdale cut small slices and catherine's arm and then grind some pustules containing the smallpox virus into wound. What could possibly go wrong. Well for one thing. The empress could wind up getting smallpox. A disease. That at the time killed about a third of everyone who contracted it and even of katherine survives. She might end up like most smallpox survivors pockmarked and disfigured for life. The procedure is called very elation. The idea is as simple as it is. Bizarre intentionally infect a healthy person with a weakened version of a pathogen so that person can develop an immunity to the pathogen is performed the procedure thousands of times. But it's always rescued. Inject too much of the virus and a healthy person can become very ill inject too little and the body would fail to the desired immunity. Dimsdale is so nervous about performing this procedure. On the empress. He secretly arranged stagecoach to rush amount of saint petersburg in case things. Don't go as planned. Luckily the treatment is a success. Catherine develops a mild case of smallpox and has a full recovery in two weeks since that evening in russia smallpox has been a radical and vaccines have saved millions of lives and today vaccines against the covid. Nineteen virus quickly turning the tie against the pandemic that threatened to bring the world to its knees. The idea behind what. Thomas dimsdale did two hundred and fifty years ago in fact the body in order to save. It might sound counterintuitive but it's the foundation upon which vaccines have been built. Ever since but recent advancements in vaccine technology might just change the way we fight disease forever. I'm walter isaacson and you're listening to trail blazers and original pod gashing dell technologies. You're now inoculated. Isn't that great..

smallpox thomas dimsdale dimsdale russia catherine imperial palace saint petersburg Dimsdale katherine Thomas dimsdale petersburg Catherine walter isaacson dell technologies blazers
"walter" Discussed on thebuzzr pod

thebuzzr pod

02:11 min | 1 year ago

"walter" Discussed on thebuzzr pod

"Vacation right about now. I'm back a was just waiting for this music. Sit to pay off now with nothing. But pj's take off both the women's kids they saw and i tried to tell your illicit join the team. Watch every dream.

"walter" Discussed on Feast of Fun

Feast of Fun

05:39 min | 2 years ago

"walter" Discussed on Feast of Fun

"Am just kidding of course. I'm not Walter Marcado Way. Am I not talking to Walter? Fausto and mark from Feasta, fund, I, don't see that most hi mark. I Larry. How are you good? Thank you the new documentary on wall. Term Coddle Mutuel. Muto Amore is a sensation I. Don't think I've ever gotten this much emails and contacts and people asking us to have you back on to talk about Walter Matt again because I would say for me as a drag performer Walter Markle's been more influential than even Rupaul in my life. Oh, that's incredible. Because you and I are Gay Queer children from Puerto Rico who came of age in one, thousand, nine hundred eighty S. S, we watch. A lot of television and Walter was part of that kind of a regional television culture where every day he would give his astrological readings and I think watermark show for a lot of people who are not aware of. It was a lot longer like he had hours to fill, and he would do all kinds of crazy things that we didn't see in the documentary and one of them I just found on. Youtube is the filled up a bathtub with water and got up eastern European model. Katie to get inside it, and he's just starts dumping. Shavings Bal. Essential oils and he's telling her how she's GonNa get horny and our creativity is going to blossom, so people are asking the same question. They asked of Alexander Hamilton.

Walter Walter Matt Walter Marcado Walter Markle Youtube Muto Amore Katie Fausto Puerto Rico Alexander Hamilton Larry Feasta
"walter" Discussed on Feast of Fun

Feast of Fun

05:56 min | 2 years ago

"walter" Discussed on Feast of Fun

"Beyond the horizon and the terrorist plane I'm coming to visit you to give you Muto Motaung are more. Was Dead Dead. I can't believe it. I am just kidding of course. I'm not Walter Marcado Way Am I. Not Talking to Walter Now Fausto and mark from Feasta Fund I. Don't see that most hi mark. I Larry. How are you good? Thank you the new documentary on wall term. Coddle Mutuel Muto Amore is a sensation I. Don't think I've ever gotten this much emails and contacts and people asking us to have you back on to talk about Walter cow again because I would say for me as a drag performer Walter Markle's been more influential than even Rupaul in my life. Oh, that's incredible because you and I are Gay Queer children from Puerto Rico who came of age in one thousand, nine hundred eighty S. S We watch. A lot of television and Walter was part of that kind of a regional television culture where every day he would give his astrological readings and I think watermark show for a lot of people who are not aware of. It was a lot longer like he had hours to fill, and he would do all kinds of crazy things that we didn't see in the documentary and one of them I just found on. Youtube is the filled up a bathtub with water and got up Eastern European? Model Katie to get inside it, and he's just starts dumping. Wings Bal. Essential oils and he's telling her how she's GonNa. Get Horny, and our creativity is going to blossom, so people are asking the same question. They asked of Alexander Hamilton.

Walter Walter Now Fausto Mutuel Muto Amore Walter Marcado Walter Markle Muto Motaung Youtube Katie Puerto Rico Alexander Hamilton Larry
"walter" Discussed on The Takeaway

The Takeaway

05:05 min | 2 years ago

"walter" Discussed on The Takeaway

"This episode of politics with Amy Walter was taped on Friday. Morning may twenty ninth. It's politics with Amy Walter on the takeaway. It's good to have you with us. We're in the middle of pandemic that has cost more than one hundred thousand Americans their lives. The streets of Minneapolis are filled with anger. Over the death of a black man in police custody and protests are spreading across the country feels living out the WBZ gates poem the Second Coming a poem written a hundred years ago when the world also felt like it was coming apart torn by war and violence and a flu. Pandemic things fall apart center cameras but it also feels like we're trapped in suspended animation. We haven't left our immediate communities and months losing track of days and even months. There's an incredible sameness to our lives. Of course one of the things that continues on is politics more importantly in election. That is now just six months away. Campaigning like everything else in our world now looks different. Many.

Amy Walter flu Minneapolis
"walter" Discussed on WNYC 93.9 FM

WNYC 93.9 FM

03:16 min | 3 years ago

"walter" Discussed on WNYC 93.9 FM

"Walter Gropius and the birth of the highly influential bowel house movement, we meet the co creator of strictly come dancing, and Jack Ma the billionaire behind Alibaba. But one time a computer novice, I was so scared computer and my friends at just a search whatever you want to search. So I I I search of beer, there's no, they're inflammation on the internet from China. I knew summary BBC news with Nick Kelly, the Saudi government has condemned. What it described as sabotage attacks two of its oil tankers of the United Arab Emirates, the Saudi energy minister said the attacks caused significant damage to the ships one of which was about to make a delivery to the Arctic states. Prosecutors in Sweden Jusoh announced today whether or not they will reopen their investigation into a rape allegation against the WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange it comes weeks after Mistra saw. Orange was victim from the Ecuadorian embassy in London seven years after he sought refuge there to avoid extradition to Sweden voters in the Philippines. Taking part in midterm elections seen as a test of the popularity of president Rodrigo to say who came to power three years ago. The K battle is for control of the Senate. The authorities intra Lenka say they've temporarily blocked two series of social media networks of attacks on some mosques and Muslim owned businesses. The attacks happened in the northwestern town of Chiloe following a dispute which started on Facebook. We're talking soldiers in Lebanon picketing the entrance to the country's central Bank in protest proposed cuts to their pensions and benefits. It's part of a wider series of protests by public sector, employee's against the government's draft budget. The Peruvian government says fourteen police officers have been injured during clashes with dozens of angry villagers wants to Lynch a man suspected of killing two girls. Police use tick asked to disperse the large crowds in the southeastern town of the Hoyas who clashed with officers outside the police station where the man was being held and more than three hundred tiny pieces of human tissue from prisoners executed in the Nazi era. Lynn will be buried late today. The samples found in microscope slides that are property that belonged to an anatomy professor who collaborated with the Nazis. ABC news. Welcome back to two of the history. Our with max Poisson still to come the early years of Alibaba. The brain child of Jack Bonao, one of China's richest businessmen and the thinking behind strictly come downsizing. Now, a global TV success story that before that something a little bit more satiric as we take you back a hundred years to the launch of radical out school in Germany, which would have a huge impact on twentieth century architecture design, the bowel house school was founded by the architect. Walter Gropius and Lucy Benz has been listening to interviews with him from the BBC archive. Was always we have to do something. Together, we have to destroy the separations between painting and sculpture architecture, design and son. It's all one this is Walter Gropius gem.

Walter Gropius Alibaba China BBC Saudi government Jack Ma Orange United Arab Emirates Peruvian government Sweden Jusoh Julian Assange Lenka ABC Facebook Chiloe Jack Bonao Senate Nick Kelly
"walter" Discussed on Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson

Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson

06:10 min | 3 years ago

"walter" Discussed on Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson

"It was announced almost no one knew anything about it, even within the company. The project was hush hush. Kushenko was the design one of the iphone most important assets, the key board, and while the team didn't immediately know what that keyboard with look like they knew one thing every interaction would take place on a flat glass scream, there'd be no hardware. Keyboard by the popular blackberry phones dominated sales instead in total secrecy, the company had to develop an entirely new interface. When we were designing the software. We wanted the experience to be comfortable. And so we built in these little Ford Ince's and surest IX into the software to help you to figure out what it was that you probably wanted when you touch the screen and then give you that. So that the experience of using the iphone felt like the device was was on your side that it was with you that it was going to help you rather than hinder you every step of the way, then after years of laboring total secrecy. The team is Steve Jobs introduced the iphone at the MacWorld expo on January nine two thousand seven Ken Cassinga on the day of the announcement of the iphone in we. We were all worried that people were going to like what we did. We didn't really know the project was such a secret. And so few people I actually tried out what we had made that we weren't sure that the world as a whole would like what we did the secrecy on the project was so tight that. I didn't even know that it was going to be called the iphone until Steve Senate on stage. I simply didn't need to know. So I wasn't told. I mean, it gives you a sense of how much secrecy was. Oh up in what we were doing. And what the project culture was like that. He need not of word when it's first that gate apple sold. An astounding one point two billion iphone and the ripple effect were far region. Computers were no longer confined to our desk or even toted around in back bat, they want chain cables of wifi networks, having an iphone meant that anyone that have access to internet connected computing, power entire industries from photography to navigation to personal communication would disrupt. It. This was great news for apple but devastating for Nokia which saw the market share plummet as they struggled to keep up. The company's very survival was in question. But as did many times over one hundred and fifty years Nokia found a way to reshape itself jettisoning, it's old business model and embracing the connected future Nokia chairman restuffed so Las Ma today. Knock as a digital infrastructure company. We can deliver the world's most complicated or demanding and to networks, meaning that we factor all the components, both the hardware and software components for fixed line networks be they got Bor coaxial cable. Hoped? Ical wireless networks from do G to five G, and we are the only network infrastructure player in the world that delivers these networks on a global scale. Anybody who sends a bit to the internet an Email or what she's video will be using Nokia software and okay equipment for that bit to to travel where it needs to go anywhere in the world. And then a delightful bit of historical era when Nokia acquired telecommunications company Alcatel Lucent in twenty sixteen it came with the venerable sto kicking labs still going at it. A hundred years after it was founded still winning Nobel prizes. The telephone has come a long way in the century that took us from the vacuum to to the Dutch street, but underlying it all is I desire to reach out and connect with each other with the help of high speed high capacity network technologies such as LT in the upcoming five G were no longer restricted to just sending our voices around the world video college has gone from science fiction to being just as commonplace. As voice was a few short decades ago. Our hunger for communication drives the innovations that shape us as a society, and whatever comes next after voice, text and video. We'll certainly bring us even closer together. I'm Walter Isaacson. And you've been listening to trailblazer original podcast from Dell technologies. Yes. Thank you. Goodbye.

Nokia Steve Senate apple Kushenko Walter Isaacson Steve Jobs Ford Ince Alcatel Lucent Dell Ken Cassinga Las Ma chairman
"walter" Discussed on Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson

Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson

03:22 min | 3 years ago

"walter" Discussed on Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson

"Company that would bring mobile handsets to the mass was founded a decade before exander Graham, Bell's first phone, call Nokia began is a pulp mill in the town of temporary Fenland it produced rubber galoshes bicycle tires, and guess masks, it made telegraph cables personal computers and eventually mobile phone by the early nineteen ninety s Nokia saw that cell phone has the potential not just the reach of wealthy customers. But could truly be for the masses. The big thing that separate Nokia from the the rest of the companies in the business was that Tim. At the Microsoft, which had the dream of putting a PC on every desktop Nokia believed that everybody would be able to use a mobile handset. Reese dough see last Ma has been the chairman of Nokia since twenty twelve and many of the other companies felt that you know, there will be at most than thousand mobile phones in the world because they are so big on so expensive and actually need it for the rest of the population. Knock you believe that every single person would be able to use a mobile phone. With an emphasis on affordable fashionable phones Nokia corner, the market by the late nineteen ninety s it rang up billions in revenue every year, and the company was at the forefront of the mobile technology. We take for granted today. They later introduced games and cameras into the market, and what the drivers behind the development of network technologies like GSM and three Jay. No kids marketshare kept growing by two thousand six on thirty six percent of the world mobile device market. It seemed like nothing that the throne is communications. Until the next big thing burst on the market when I was introduced in the project, I actually signed a super secret special nondisclosure agreement without even knowing what I was committing to. Ken Kotida is a former apple engineer and the author of creative selection inside Apple's design process during the golden age of Steve Jobs. It's like this this this trite cliche Silicon Valley legend that you're invited into a project without knowing what it was. But yes, that's what it was like for me. I was asked to sign this paper. And it was only after I fixed my signature that I was told. Yes, we're making a cell phone, but the mid two thousand apple had a hit product on their hands the pocket-size Ibod music play selling in the millions. It had revived the flagging brand which had slumped in the nineteen nineties. Rumors surfaced that apple is planning to introduce a mobile phone based somehow on the I pop, but until the very day.

Nokia Apple Steve Jobs exander Graham Fenland Microsoft Ma Tim chairman Bell Ken Kotida Ibod Jay engineer thirty six percent mill
"walter" Discussed on Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson

Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson

02:02 min | 3 years ago

"walter" Discussed on Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson

"It really was you'd but the worst part is it weighed about a kill it weighed over two pounds the battery. Life was twenty minutes. You've talked for twenty minutes better run down. And I was not a problem because you couldn't hold up to pound ready for twenty minutes, you're Harvey failed before that happened. It didn't really matter that the Dinah tack was impossibly heavy because it wasn't made from mass consumption. It was meant to persuade the FCC that Motorola's idea of a mobile phone, which just as viable as AT and T so with the brick like prototype. They added to Neela counting on coverage in New York papers. They set up an ad-hoc cellular network near central part. People were amazed think of this is nineteen seventy they were they were know cordless phones, even so you're I am standing on the street. It's actually six avenue in New York talking on a anti-ltte phone, and you probably know about New Yorkers, they're very blase not easily affected. They look through people rather anthem. And there were people standing around amazed that we were standing there talking on a telephone out in the street. Motorola's gamble paid off and the Airways stayed open for competition. But it was another ten years before cell service came to America in our nest and remember those status symbol of car phones. Even they stuck around until the nineteen nineties, but the company that eventually brought mobile handsets to the world on a major scale was far from the American labs with the telephone network was I dreamed up. The.

New York Motorola Neela AT Harvey America FCC Airways twenty minutes two pounds ten years
"walter" Discussed on Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson

Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson

05:54 min | 3 years ago

"walter" Discussed on Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson

"Quantities of power. He also saw that the expensive breakable mechanical switches also needed a better solution. John gutten, so we have these two flawed technologies. Switches and tubes that are essential for the functioning phone system. But which don't really have any kind of replacement in the pipeline. Shortly after the second World War. Kelly developed the solid state group at bell labs to look into the potential of a relatively new technology. The semiconductor they focused on a material called germanium. It was a pain staking process. One of the physicists working. There would say, you know, just felt like we were groping Dr. But in nineteen forty seven to the physicist working on the solid state team, Walter Bratton and John bar dean took this tiny piece of germanium that had a very slight impurity in it. And they found that if they put two points into that slab germanium they could put a phone signal through that slight impurity that that small piece of germanium and they can amplify that phone signal significant something like sixteen to eighteen times. And they also found that they could switch it on. And. Off instantaneously. The device use a tiny amount of energy compared to vacuum tubes. And unlike the clunky switches, then in use by the phone company. These didn't have any breakable parts, and they will incredibly small the invention for which the scientists would eventually share the Nobel prize would be called the transistor. The transistor changed the way electron ICs were manufactured allowing for smaller less expensive and more powerful devices, the computer, as we know it would have been unthinkable if we were still relying on mechanical switches and vacuum tubes. The transistor's is probably the greatest invention of the twentieth century. And I think the only thing we might compare it to in terms of impact is the atomic bomb. It changed everything I think about electron IX in modern life and cry. Gated entirely new industries for everything from telecommunications to computing, and you've we've all used billions of transistors by the time we get to work, whether it's an our coffeemaker and our automobiles on our subway trains on our telephones. It's the essential and fundamental element of the electron engage without the pioneering works of AT and T in the scientists bell labs, the world of global communications as we know. It would never have come to be ironic -ly that very same company nearly killed the mobile phone. On a sunny day in early nineteen seventy three Martin Cooper. A Motorola engineer is standing on a corner near central park hordes of New Yorkers stare at him with curiosity. They are focused on the strange looking object in his hand about the size and weight of a brick is that a telephone. Here's martin. Well, we first of all believe that people are fundamentally view, you just think about it or the airport. Look at the freeway seems like everybody is not where they want to be everybody's going somewhere else. So the idea of having a telephone tied to the wall didn't make a great deal of sense to us. There was some mobile phones at the time that they would big wildly expensive. And worst of all totally unreliable AT and T had a solution. It happened to be one that fit very well with their own interests at that time in the nineteen sixty nine AT and T approached the Federal Communications Commission and told them that they had a new wonderful system they called so either. And that was going to solve this problem. All the to do was to give them the, Dan. And with seventy beggar spectrum they would use exclusively to provide a service. Yeah. States. In other words, they will promising to build out the mobile infrastructure in exchange for very convenient monopoly. Just like they did some six decades earlier. Understandably coober did not like this plan. Neither did he like AT and T vision for the mobile future which involved a small number of very expensive phones and ones that would not defend your hand. But rather in the trunk of a car so Cooper and his Motorola college took on the task of creating a truly hand-held mobile. Telephone it involved a bevy of challenges from communicating on a frequency band. Never used before to cramming hundreds of radio channel into a single handset dynamic portable. Empha- was about ten inches tall internet wide about forages deep and fence ounce, huge to my modern standard..

AT physicist Martin Cooper Motorola John gutten bell labs Nobel prize Dr. But Federal Communications Commiss Kelly Empha Walter Bratton Dan John bar dean engineer six decades ten inches
"walter" Discussed on Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson

Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson

05:25 min | 3 years ago

"walter" Discussed on Trailblazers with Walter Isaacson

"They had what's in in one room down the corridor and bell set up to speak into the mouthpiece two rooms away. And what's in was listening at the reception, and they were twang various tuning folks in that was working fine. And then suddenly what's in hurt. His boss say. Revista was please come here. And what was so excited that he rushed down to say, I hear you. I hear you to discover that what had happened was that bell had had spilt the assimilated water. That was part of the speaking tube all over his trousers and wanted Watson's help moping it up. But when he heard what had happened. He completely forgot about the stay on his pants, and they did a little war triumph. Belle's father in law rushed his application to the patent office. Amazingly. It was submitted only two hours before his closest competitor on July nineteenth eighteen seventy seven bell and his father in law. Founded the bell telephone company, it would eventually become the largest corporation in the world. We know it today by the name of the Dopp did eighteen ninety nine American Telephone and telegraph for AT and T one hundred and fifty years on it still telecommunication giant. But the business side never appealed to the inventor, in fact after he was done inventing. It Belden seem that interested in the telephone at all Charlotte, gray, actually, one of the things I found most amusing about bell was that. In fact, he refused to have a telephone in his study, he found it incredibly intrusive. He was a man who liked complete silence. When he was working thinking and was furious. If sub me a telephone rang. Despite his them Bevan's the telephone continue to take over the world, connecting millions of people in the decades following his invention and the company founded would go on to shape the world in unimaginable ways throughout the twentieth. Century in no, small part due to an extraordinary organization that bore his name bell labs. Forty years later on January twenty fifth nineteen fifteen in an office in New York Alexander Graham, Bell once again said his now famous line, Mr Watson, please come here. This time Watson wasn't just down the hall. It was across the country two thousand five hundred miles away in San Francisco long distance phone service was officially a reality in the early twentieth century AT and T controlled so much of the communications infrastructure that was fair to call it a monopoly. It was the largest company in the world. And you didn't want to mess around with them. They were aggressive. They were paranoid. John Goodman is the author of the idea factory. Now labs grade age of American. Avation? They were also by way of I think some contradiction incredibly innovative and in the mid nineteen twenties. They decided that they will consolidate all their engineers and scientists into a standalone laboratory, which they call bell telephone laboratories bell labs, which was sometimes called the crown jewel where the future of telecommunications was going to be created or invented. There was huge technological problems to solve for one. The challenge of making long distance calls. The first practical solution was the use a technology that had been around for decades the vacuum tube. Scientists at bell labs will is that these delicate glass devices held tremendous potential the vacuum tube could function as a very good amplifier under the right circumstances. They would run a phone call through these repeater tubes, which were in these repeater stations every hundred or hundred and fifty miles. So if you were calling from New York to San Francisco your phone, call would almost instantaneously pastor ten or twelve or fifteen repeater stations spaced along the country spaced along these phone lines that ran from coast to coast and could be carried with fidelity and with proper kind of content and volume from coast to coast the. Vacuum. Tubes. Had a downside. They're really hard to make. And they broke all the time. Into Mervin Kelly a one time middle manager in charge of the vacuum. Shop at bell labs. He became president of the organization and let it through some of its most significant technological breakthroughs from the time. He worked on the shop floor in the nineteen twenties. Kelly knew that had to be something that could replace the fragile devices that consume great.

bell bell labs Mr Watson AT New York Mervin Kelly San Francisco president Dopp Belle Bevan Belden idea factory John Goodman Charlotte Alexander Graham twenty fifth Forty years fifty years two hours