20 Episode results for "W. G. UC"
George Frederick Handel 4: Music by Royalty and Nobility
"Hello I'm Naomi Lewin welcome to classics for Kids George. Frederic Handel wrote his water music. For the King of England. Most aristocrats, members of the nobility hired composers to write music for them, but some kings and nobles actually wrote music themselves search. Henry the eighth. Another King of England is famous for having married six wives, not all at once of course, and for cutting the heads off a couple of them when Henry the eighth wasn't busy, getting married, divorced or widowed or ruling England. He liked to compose. In fifteen, forty, seven, the year Henry. The eighth died Ivan. The terrible became czar the Russian equivalent of King. They called him terrible because of what he did to some of the people in his country, not because of the way he wrote music. Several centuries before Ivan the terrible in what we now know as Spain Alfonso. The tenth also called Alfonso and Sabio or The wise was King of Castilla and Leon. Funds was also a poet and musician who put together a huge collection of music in praise of the Virgin Mary some of which he composed. In the Middle Ages, there were plenty of composers from noble families in France. They were called troubadours, bears, and in German speaking countries. They were known as menacing singers. All of them wrote songs about love like this one by Tyrolean. Night named Uh spot pond Bolkenstein. Off! Season Europe have changed a lot down through history. None of today's European countries look the way they used to one part of. Germany used to be known as pressure and one of the Kings of Prussia was Frederick the Great. Frederick was great at two things, making his kingdom bigger through politics and wars and playing the flute. He never went anywhere including into battle without his flute. Frederick hired a lot of great composers for his court. Anti also did some composing himself. One of Frederick the nephews Prince Louis. Ferdinand of Prussia was also a composer. He wrote this tune. And Austrian archduke Rudolf turned it into a set of variations. archduke Rudolf was much more famous for music that other composers dedicated to him like Beethoven's Archduke trio. Hildegard! Fund. Bingen was born over nine hundred years ago near the of Bingen Germany she wasn't a countess or a duchess or a queen. She was a nun, but she came from a noble family. Hildegard being was famous for much more than her religious work. She wrote books on medicine and she wrote poetry and music. There was a time when it was not cool to be a composer unless he were king. In which case anything you did was cool. 'cause you were the king. In the eighteenth century, composers were servants, and no member of the nobility wanted to be confused with a servant, a Dutch nobleman account with the unique name of UNICO Ville hln. bocinov liked to write music, but he didn't want anyone to know about it. When a publisher asked to prints of the counts concertos, he said okay, but only if you don't put my name on them, it took music historians a long time to figure out who had composed the anonymous concertos. I'm Naomi Lewin. I write classics per kids and produce it at W. G. UC Cincinnati with Tim Linter and Bruce LS. Please join me again for more classics for kids.
Franz Joseph Haydn 3: The Farewell Symphony
"Welcome to classics for kids. I'm Naomi Lewin. If the story of frontiers of Haydn's farewell symphony were a fairytale, it would start out once upon a time. But this is a true story. When Haydn worked as music, director and composer, for prince nNcholas Eszterhas e every year at soon as the weather turned nice the entire household packed up and moved to the summer palace, even though the summer palace named Eszterhas was big and beautiful. It wasn't quite big enough for everyone the prince since he was the prince brought his whole family and invited lots of guests. But the musicians in the court orchestra who were considered servants weren't allowed to bring their wives and children to the summer palace needless to say they weren't too thrilled about that. One year it stayed warm long into the fall and prince nNcholas didn't leave the summer palace. It got to be November and the prince showed no sign of heading back to the Anna where all the musicians families were waiting. The orchestra members went to their director Haydn and asked him to do something Haydn, who loved to good joke, and got along very well with his boss. The prince came up with a very clever idea. The next concert for prince nNcholas featured a new symphony by Haydn his forty fifth the first three movements or sections of the peace were perfectly normal, and so was the beginning of the last movement. Then there was a pause and a complete change of melody and mood. All of a sudden, in the middle of the music, two of the orchestra members and Oba withstand a horn player stood up blew out the candles, lighting their music, stands and left the stage. Then more wind instruments took off. I the soonest don't listen for him anymore. He's gone. Pretty soon. The other oboe est left to before letting the double bass player go heightened gave him a nice solo. But then the double bass left. And so did the cello which made the orchestra Sam pretty puny? By the time three more instruments took off there were only two violinists Haydn and one other man onstage playing. Fortunately, prince nNcholas thought having musicians say farewell during a symphony was very amusing. And he took the hint the next day they all headed for home in Haydn's. Farewell symphony and many other Haydn symphonies. The third movement is a minuet next week. More about the minuet and how it migrated from the dance floor to the concert hall. I'm Naomi Lewin. My right classics for kids and produce it with Tim Lander at W. G UC Cincinnati. Please join me again for more classics for kids.
Johann Sebastian Bach 4: The Story of the Brandenburg Concertos
"Hello I'm Naomi. Lewin welcomed the classics for kids. That's the opening to the fifth of six Brandenburg Concertos by Johann Sebastian Bach. Why start with number five well first of all the concerto numbers don't really have anything to do with the order in which. Bach wrote them. The Fifth Brandenburg Concerto features a Harpsichord and the story of the Brandenburg concertos begins with a trip. That Johann Sebastian Bach took to pick out a new HARPSICHORD for the prince whose court orchestra he conducted. There are actually three solo instruments in the Brandenburg Concerto number five Harpsichord violin and flute. The harpsichord is an ancestor of the piano. But as you can hear it doesn't sound the same. That's because Harpsichord strings are plucked by teeny tiny. Quills in a piano. The sound is made by hitting the strings with small felt covered hammers. Here's a spot where the harpsichord plays alone. So you can hear it while he was on his trip looking at Harpsichord he met Chris. Jon Ludvig the Margrave of the province. That's like a state of Brandenburg. Margrave is a fancy title. They used to give to military governors of German provinces. The margrave of Brandenburg had his own orchestra and when he found out. Bach was a composer. He said he wouldn't mind hearing some of his work. Only own okay. There's the Brandenburg Concerto number one. It has a really huge group of Solo instruments. Seven in all Bach was thrilled that the Margrave was interested in his music. He thought there might be a good job prospect for him in Brandenburg so he pulled together a set of concertos mostly stuff he'd already written for the orchestra he conducted and sent them off with a very flowery letter to the Margrave the Brandenburg Concerto Number. Three IS FOR THREE SETS OF STRING. Instruments Violins violas and cellos. It's a good thing. Bach didn't hold his breath waiting for an answer from the margrave because he never got one in fact the margrave probably never even looked at these beautiful concertos. What A DOOFUS. Part of the problem may have been that his orchestra wasn't as big as the one baulk road them for so the Margaret didn't have the musicians to play them but he could have at least sent a thank you note. That's the six Brandenburg Concerto. It's also just for strings given the Margrave of Brandenburg's rudeness. You can bet that. Bach didn't name his concertos Brandenburg years. After he died one of Bach's biographers attached the name to them and obviously it stuck Bach called his pieces concertos for a variety of instruments which is a pretty good description since each one is written a different instrumental combination. The Brandenburg Concerto Number. Four has a small group of soloists two flutes or recorders and a violin. It's the violin that really gets to show off especially towards the end of the peace. The Selo Group in Bach's Brandenburg Concerto number two consists of four very different instruments trumpet Flute Oboe and Violin. See if you can pick them out. I'm ruin I write classics for Kids and produce it at W. G. UC Cincinnati with. Tim Lender and Bruce Ellis. Please join me again for more classics for kids.
Franz Joseph Haydn 2: Father of the Symphony
"I'm Naomi Lewin. Welcome to classics for kids FRANZ Joseph Haydn never had any children. But that didn't stop people from turning him into a dad musicians, who worked for Haydn were so fond of him that they called him Papa Haydn and we know Haydn as the father of the symphony. Hi, may not have been the first person to compose symphonies, but he wrote over a hundred of them more than anyone else, and he helped the symphony grow up because he spent most of his career cut off from the rest of the world composing for the Esterhazy family has heightened himself said he had only his own imagination to depend on. So he could experiment and do what he liked. That's high military symphony named for the drums, triangle and cymbals. He used in it for some reason. A lot of Haydn symphonies wound up with nicknames soon after he went to work for the Eszterhas. He's the prince he served suggested that Haydn write a series of pieces, like on Tonio vivaldi's four seasons. But named for times of day, instead, so Haydn called his symphonies six seven and eight morning, noon and evening in his evening symphony. Haydn borrowed these idea of putting a thunderstorm into the music. Two of Haydn symphonies have animal nicknames. The symphony number eighty two is known as the bear because the last movement reminded people of the kind of music played for a dancing bear. And the next symphony number eighty three is called the hen, because two different instruments, make clucking sounds, I the bio Linz. And then the oboe. Haydn's imperials Anthony, his fifty third was a huge hit in London. Paris, and Germany, the second movement was so popular that someone even wrote words to turn it into a song when they put up a statue of high in his hometown. They carved the music from the second movement of the imperial symphony on it. Sometimes the nickname of a heightened symphony is very obvious, like number one, a one called the clock. But sometimes you have to work hard to hear the reason for the nickname. Do you like Pailin drums, you know, words or sentences that read the same forwards and backwards like a man a plan, a canal Panama heightened symphony number forty seven is called the Pailin Rome, because Haydn put a musical, Pailin, Rome, into it. Exactly. The same music is played forwards and then backwards listen closely. Pretty cool. There are also Haydn symphonies named for places the Paris London and Oxford symphonies for a chandelier that fell didn't hurt anyone that's the miracle symphony. And there's even a fire symphony one of the most interesting nicknames farewell is attached to hide and symphony number forty five. I'm Naomi Lewin. I write classics kids and produce it at W. G UC Cincinnati. With Tim lantern and Bruce Ellis. Please join me again for more classics for kids.
Giuseppe Verdi 4: What's it like to be an Opera Singer?
"Welcome to classics for kids. I'm Naomi Lewin. Can you imagine what it would be like to sing opera and be famous all over the world? When Denise graves was a kid in Washington DC. She never dreamed. That's what she would do when she grew up. I come from a family of music lovers and singers, and I was the Shaya st- member of my family, and I was always the one who was grasping onto my mother's skirt, you know. But I loved music I loved the freedom in that. Off. Yeah. Denise came from a very strict religious household. The only kind of music they saying or listen to was gospel in school. Her music, teacher noticed, how well she sang and suggested that she auditioned for the Duke Ellington, high school of the performing arts, that's when Denise discovered a whole new musical world for the first time in my life. I heard classical music, I heard symphonic works heard operatic, Arias, even jazz and folk music. I was mesmerized it spoke to me, and I thought I found what I'm supposed to do in my life. Denise had never seen an opera until she was fifteen and went on a school field trip. And we got to hear real live. Opera singers in a real live off on these territories, costumes, and some of them chat with us afterwards at just was there with my mouth wide open at this other world, but Denise never dreamed that she could be an opera singer until my girlfriend found a recording of leontyne price singing, Pechiney Arias. And she came to me, one dance Denise you've got to come with me to the music library. I just heard this woman sane. And you won't believe this sound and we went to the library in we listened to that recording until they kicked us out of there. And here was woman, this African American woman who looked like us, and she was seeing the strange thing called opera and we were in love. And we thought she could do we could do. And we made we shook that they this is what we're going to do. Denise took voice lessons worked hard and continued to listen to recordings, my voice teacher was teaching me. What the meaning of Lagarto singing, what is connecting one note to the next. And he said, Denise I want you to take this recording home and notice how she connects one note to the net. And I really think that did it. I mean I listen to the recording until everybody in the house was screaming. Give us a break. I mean night and day night and day and I fell in love hopelessly. One of the things that make learning to sing so hard is that you can't pick up or touch your instrument. The way you can, if you play something like violin, or piano, when she first started learning, how her instrument worked, Denise couldn't imagine how anyone could sing so loud without a microphone. But Finally, I felt powerful when I was able to make a big sound come out of my body that was supported by my body was created by my body. That. Now Denise graves can't imagine being anything. But an opera singer she loves learning new music, and playing you opera characters. When I walk into a theater, as Denise and I leave out as Carmen, getting to be these different personalities. That's really fun. When you see yourself transform I feel different, I do, when they put the costumes on you, and they put the Whigs on any change. Look of your face, and I don't feel like myself. I think my goodness, who this. I remember the first couple times that I was doing Carmen after got out of my fake eyelashes and my wig, and my costumes, and I stood in the mirror. I thought gee that other girl was much more fun than I liked her better just like when she was in high school. Denise graves still listens to all kinds of music in my CD player at home. There's definitely classical music. There's definitely opera symphonic works. But there's also blues jazz. You know, I still listen to gospel music, I love some of the pop divas that are out there. These days, the beat of the music, gives me energy when I'm on the treadmill and that sort of thing, and then other times, I listened to vanity. Triumphal March from Giuseppi Berties opera Aida, one of the operas that Denise graves loves to sing the triumphal March is one of those pieces that has become famous all by itself, even outside of the opera Aida next week on classics for kids music. That's so well known without the opera, it was written for that people have almost forgotten. It came from an opera, I'm Naomi Lewin. I write classics for kids and produce it with Tim Lander at W. G UC Cincinnati. Please join me again for more classics for kids.
Gioachino Rossini 1: About Gioachino Rossini
"Welcome to classics for kids. I'm Naomi Lewin. By the time. Giocchino Rossini died. He was seventy six years old but he only had eighteen birthdays. That's because Rossini was born in leap year on February twenty-ninth uh French horn was just one of the instruments. Rossini's father played as official town. Trumpeter in pays Idaho Italy where Seaney was born. Both Rossini's parents were or musicians. His mother was an opera singer which probably had a big influence on his choice of profession When he was a kid Rossini had a beautiful voice to his father taught him to play the horn and he also played piano and Violin at the age of twelve twelve? Rossini wrote a set of core tests for four string instruments. The first time they were performed he played the second violin. Part Rossini's first job as a teenager was coaching singers and playing keyboard instruments for an opera company. By the time he was twenty one in years. He's not in birthdays. Rossini composed ten operas. He wrote seven of those operas in less than a year and a half then. Rossini came out with the opera that what made him an international superstar And an Aria area is what you call a solo song in an opera and that Aria from Rossini's opera Tancredi was so popular that everyone in Italy whistled and hummed it from gondoliers in the boats on canals in Venice to people sitting in jury boxes. So we're seeing reused the tune for a set of variations Because he composed so many operas in such a short time. Rossini actually early recycled a lot of material especially his overtures for instance Rossini Pin this overture on three different operas the first two flopped at the the last one was a huge hit. You've probably heard the overture to the barber of Seville in cartoons or commercials and you probably know the partner of me. He Oh ooh. Even though the barber of Seville is Rossini's best known most performed opera. It's opening night. Did Not go. Yeah well another composer already written an opera. Based on the play the barber of Seville so fans of his opera who didn't think the world was big enough for two Barbara of Seville came to Opera Tabu then during the performance. One Singer had trouble with a guitar. He was supposed to play and another singer trip and wound up with a bloody nose but no one paid any attention to them after a cat wandered onstage. Needless to say there's no part in the Barbara of Seville for a cat but eventually Rossini did write a duet for two cats. Yeah Wow Rossini. Any wasn't enormously successful composer he wrote forty operas in under twenty years and then when he was just thirty seven years old he quit but he went out with a bang. His last opera was about the Swiss hero William Towel next week. I'll use Rossini's music to tell you a story. The Story of William Tell I'm Naomi Lewin. I write classics for kids and produce it with Tim. Latter at W. G. UC Cincinnati. Please join me again next time for more classics for Kids Kids.
Gioachino Rossini 4: Weather in Music
"I'm Naomi Lewin welcomed classics for kids. Gioacchino Rossini was famous for his musical thunderstorms. He put a great one into his barber of Seville overture. Rossini put thunderstorms into several of his operas before they were movies with spaceships and dinosaurs musical. Thunderstorms were state of the art entertainment special effects so composers love to use them. Probably the most famous musical thunderstorm by someone other than Rossini is the one Ludwik on Beethoven put into his symphony number six after the thunder and lightning in that ferocious storm. The Sun comes out and you can just feel everything dry off and warm up In a set of symphonies. He called morning noon and evening. Frontiers of Haydn included a thunderstorm in the last movement of evening his symphony number eight. There's a lot of weather especially thunderstorm activity in Antonio Vivaldi's four seasons but Vivaldi wrote another concerto called storm at sea in which you can hear the waves being whipped up by the wind and rain lose one of the most famous circus. Marches is thunder and blazes. Boulos Food Chick. The thunder stuff comes at the very beginning. Henry fillmore wrote a march called Rolling Thunder. There was a composer in John Fields. Day who wrote a piano concerto called the storm so field decided to top him with a concerto called. The fire caused by the storm. Sure not only does field have thunder and rain. You can also hear the fire exploding. When Richard Strauss put a thunderstorm into his Alpine symphony he went all out. Strauss included parts for a wind machine and a thunder sheet a large piece of flexible metal. That you shake to make the sound of thunder. Even voices can imitate a thunderstorm in his saint. Matthew Passion Johann Sebastian Bach has a double chorus saying the German words. Blitzer and Donna. But this has nothing to do with reindeer. Blitzer and Donna are German for lightning and thunder. Just listen to how Bach uses the voices to make those words sound like lightning flashes and thunder crashes of course the mother of all musical thunderstorms is the one Gioacchino. Rossini put into the William. Tell overture I'm Naomi ruined. I write classics for Kids and produce it at W. G. UC Cincinnati. With Tim. Linter and Bruce Ellis. Please join me again for more classics for kids.
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov 2: The Tale of Tsar Saltan
"Hello welcome to classics for kids. I'm Naomi Lewin. Nicolai Ski Korsakov wrote the flight of the Bumblebee for an opera called the tale of czar. Salt on actually. That's just the Reader's digest abridged version of the title. The full Monty is the legend of Czar Sultan of his son. The famous end mighty hero Prince Vida Sultana Vich and of the Beautiful Swan Princess and at that title weren't enough. The plot is one of the most complicated in all of opera them. And that's saying the tale of our salt on is based on the story by the Great Russian poet. Alexander Pushkin once upon a time. Three sisters sat around discussing what they would do if they were married to the czar. That's Russian for ruler of the country. The first sister said she would make a huge feast. The second sister said she would weave beautiful cloth and the third sister said she would. Bears are salt a strong braves. The was listening in on the conversation and promptly married the sister who said she'd bear him a son then he told the feasts sister she could be the Palace. Cook and the cloth sister that she could be the royal weaver. They were not amused pretty soon. The newly married Zarina or Mrs Czar was expecting a child but before the baby was born her husband had to go off to war after the czar left Arina had a baby boy known as the Czarevich or son of Czar. The CZARINA sent her husband a message saying that they'd had a beautiful healthy son but her jealous sisters substituted a different message saying that she'd given birth to a monster when he heard that the czar was very unhappy and sent back a message saying not to do anything until he got home but the sisters intercepted that message to and substituted one saying that the arena and her son should be put into a barrel and thrown into the sea because this is a fairy tale not only did they survive but the boy actually grew up hour by hour as the barrel tossed on the water when mother and son washed ashore on an island. The first thing is our did was saved the life of an enchanted swan the swan him by making a beautiful city appear and Prince V. Don as the Czarevich was now known became ruler of that city by now. You're probably saying I thought there was supposed to be a flying. Be Somewhere in this story so far. The only thing with wings has been an enchanted swan well to make a long story not quite as long. Some people who traveled through Prince Vidalia City told him about SARS saw Tun's kingdom and czar south on heard from those same travelers about the amazing place where Prince Don lived so each of them really wanted to visit the other Prince v known got their first with help from the enchanted swan who let him pay three visits in disguise. I as a mosquito them as a fly and then you guessed it as a B. When's our salt on got to visit the Prince? He was delighted to see his long lost son. And all the miraculous things inference Vidalia city there was a squirrel that old emerald nuts out of golden shells a band of thirty three nights that marched out of the ocean in shining armor and a princess. More beautiful than the sun with moonlight in her hair and starlight in her face Of course the princess was the enchanted swan freed from her spell and changed back to a human being naturally she and the Prince got married and lived happily ever after next week on classics for Kids Payments Music from other Russian operas. I'm Naomi Lewin. I write classics for Kids and produce it with ten at W. G. UC Cincinnati. Please join me next time for more classics for kids.
George Gershwin 4: Jazz in Classical Music
"Welcome to classics for Kids I'm Naomi Lewin. RHAPSODY in blue. The name that IRA Gershwin suggested to his brother. George is perfect for a piece of classical music. That uses Jazz George. Gershwin wrote a lot of classical music that uses jazz. Jazz the word blue refers to changing some of the notes of musical scale to blur the lines between major. And Minor. George Gershwin wasn't the only classical composer to put jazz his music. He wasn't even the first. French composer Darius Milhaud Love Jazz. He used different kinds of in different pieces. Neo wrote leboeuf's your Twat French. For the Hawks on the roof under the influence of a trip to Brazil then he studied American jazz and started using it to a lot of European composers were intrigued by American jazz, Maurice rebel, but composer who wouldn't let Gershwin study with him because he didn't want to corrupt, his music wrote a piano concerto. That sounded a lot like Gershwin. Russian composers got into the to when the Soviet Union held an official competition to raise the level of jazz in the country. Dmitri Shostakovich wrote his first jazz. After they organized an official. Soviet state jazz orchestra. Shostakovich wrote another jazz suite Russian composer eager. Stravinsky love jazz to his Ebony. Concerto is for clarinet and jazz band. Stravinsky wrote it for Woody Herman and his thundering herd. The clarinet soloist on that recording is Benny. Goodman and American musician, who back and forth between popular and classical music, just like George Gershwin another American. Who did that was Leonard Bernstein. This is from his ballet fancy free. In addition to classical composers who put jazz into their music, there are jazz composers who wrote for the Symphony Orchestra one of the greatest jazz musicians ever was Edward Kennedy Ellington better known as Duke. Duke Ellington composed pieces for the concert hall and the Ballet Stage including this one three black kings. I don't know why so many jazz performers have interesting nicknames, but they do chick. Corea was born Anthony Armando Korea after he fell in love with Mozart's piano concertos. Chick Corea wrote one of his own. Now back to the piece that got US started on jazz in classical music, the rhapsody in blue by George Gershwin. I'm Naomi Lewin I, write classics, kids and produce it with Tim Lander at W. G. UC Cincinnati. Please join me next time for more classics for kids.
Franz Joseph Haydn 1: About Franz Joseph Haydn
"Hello, welcome to classics for kids. I may owe Lewin. I'm sure you've heard stories about composers starving in addicts who died poor as church mice. And then only became famous after they were gone. Well, that's definitely not what happened to fronts. Yosef haydn. Heiden was born on March thirty first seventeen thirty two in the tiny Austrian town of role how his father was a Wheelwright. He made huge wooden wheels, and wagons. And his mother was a cook. When the Haydn's notice that their oldest son was musical. They sent him to study with a relative who was acquired director and learn to sing and to play violin. And keyboard instruments. When hiking was eight he went off to the big city of Vienna to become a choirboy at Saint Stephen's cathedral. The original Vienna, Boys, Choir his brother, Michael, followed close behind Michael was a bigger star in the choir than his brother, but he wasn't a bigger practical joker. One of their fellow students wore his long hair in a ponytail and as a joke. Haydn snipped, it off the choir director was not amused. He used that as an excuse to get rid of Haydn, who was actually getting too old, for the choir, because his voice had changed all his life, Haydn continued to love jokes and put them into his music. For eight years, Haydn, did spend time in an attic apartment, eking out a living giving music lessons hoping that one day, his prince would come and he did prince Paul on Esterhazy of ember of a very rich very powerful family of Hungarian nobles invited Haydn to work for him. Prince Paul antone loved music. He played several instruments and kept his own choir and orchestra to entertain his guests and himself. When Paul Anton died, nNcholas Eszterhas, he became the prince prince nNcholas like music, even more than his brother. And he especially loved opera. He built a magnificent new summer palace. And had them put an opera theater into it. So heightened began to write operas for the prince including one that start a sea monster. I miss most famous for writing string quartets and symphonies more about the symphonies next week string quartets began by a happy accident or so the story goes one day, Haydn, and three other musicians were invited to play at the home of a rich baron. The baron asked Haydn to write a piece for the instruments. They brought with them to violins violas and cellos, heightened took that combination and ran with it. Hiding road sixty eight string quartets some say eighty three one of them got nicknamed emperor after Haydn put his him to the Austrian emperor in it that tune is now used for the German national anthem. Heightened spent over thirty years in one small corner of Europe serving as music director for the Eszterhas e family, but thanks to publishing. His music was known all over the continent. When nNcholas Eszterhas he died the next prince wasn't interested in music. He got rid of the orchestra and Haydn retired. Then a man showed up at his door and announced IM Solomon from London, and I have come to fetch you Johann, PETA's alleman was a German born violinist who ran a concert series in England. He brought hiding there twice. Each time he went to London, Haydn composed, and new set of symphonies. He was amazed that everyone wanted to take him out to dinner and that all the English newspapers wanted to interview him at the end of his life. Haydn was both rich and famous and had gotten along well with his employer pretty unusual for a composer, next time on classics for kids, more Haydn symphonies. I'm Naomi Lewin. I ride classics for kids and produce it with Tim. Linter. W. G UC Cincinnati. Please join me again for classics for kids.
Johann Strauss, Jr. 2: Other Members of the Strauss Family
"I'm Naomi Lewin. Welcome to classics for kids. This month's composer Johann Strauss junior was a member of a musical family that entertained the entire city of Vienna for much of the Nineteenth Century Johann Strauss junior's junior's father also named Johann Strauss was born in the tavern that his parents owned and ran Strauss senior was fascinated by the musicians who worked in the tavern when he started playing violin I in someone else's dance orchestra and then he started his own orchestra eventually. Johann Strauss had quite a few orchestras with his name on them. Since everyone wanted the higher the official Johann Strauss orchestra and Strauss had groups performing all over Vienna on the same night he always showed up to conduct a few numbers with each one making them all official Johann Strauss Orchestra Johann Strauss senior had some. I'm very good business ideas. Even if he never seemed to have any money he took his stance orchestra on tour something no one had ever done before and when the orchestra wasn't the playing for dances or touring Strauss held outdoor concerts in Vienna on those concerts he also programmed music from popular symphonies and Apperance Johann Strauss senior had a very interesting way of leading leading an orchestra which his son Johan Junior adopted two. They didn't use a baton the little wand most conductors wave to beat time and keep the orchestra together together instead the Strauss's played violin along with the orchestra but they played standing up using their violin bows and the swaying of their bodies. He's to conduct in the next oldest brother. After Johann Junior was Yosef Straus Joseph followed in his older brother's footsteps by not going into the profession. His father chose for him in his case. The military at first Joseph Awesome Strauss became an architect but he also published two math books wrote poetry and plays and invented a street cleaning machine for the city of Vienna of course he was also very musical. He played piano and sang one year. When Johann Strauss junior got very sick he convinced his brother Joseph take over the orchestra for a while that was it Joseph Strauss was now in the family business. Joseph Johann Strauss junior junior also wrote music together. This POLKA is by both of them and then there was the youngest brother Edward Strauss he he was very good at languages and plan to go into the foreign service but he was also good at playing the harp the piano the violin and you guessed it he wound conducting and composing for the Strauss Orchestra to every once in a while all three Strauss brothers teamed up to write a piece of music but Edwards Strauss was very jealous Ellis of his oldest brother who was clearly the most talented of all the Strauss's when Johann Strauss junior died Edward Strauss built a huge fire and burned all of his brothers unpublished music. No one knows how many Strauss waltzes marches and pocos went up in flames. That's the trick Trach Polka by Johann Strauss junior one of the pieces that fortunately did not go up in flames. Both Johann Strauss's junior and senior were known as the waltz king the wants itself was King of music and Vienna during their lifetimes and next week's classics for kids. Show is all all about the waltz. I may only Lewin. I write classics for kids and produce it with Tim Lander at W. G. UC's Cincinnati. I hope you can join me again for more classics for kids.
Scott Joplin 2: Ragtime Music
"Hello, welcome to classics for kids. I'm Naomi Lewin when ragtime music, I became popular in the early nineteen hundreds people called it, vulgar, filthy, and all kinds of horrible names that have since been pinned on other popular music. Ragtime was originally played in bars, saloons and other places people looked down on. So they associated the music with the surroundings, but Pano rags are pretty innocent. They follow almost the same form as marches usually there's a little introduction. Then comes the first tune or theme. That theme repeats. And then comes the second theme, which also repeats. If you call the first tune a and the second tune be so far we have a BB to themes both repeated, but if you're expecting CC to follow you're going to have to wait. Recognize that it's the eight theme back again. But this time, it doesn't repeat. So after a BB a we finally get to see. Then the c team repeats making a BB a CC. What do you think is going to happen next? That's the fourth end final team it repeats to which makes the form of a rag a B A C C DD ragtime music is syncopated. That means the accents in the melody are shifted away from the strong beats in the baseline underneath making a ragged sound. It may originally have been called ragged time. The word rag also means t's and ragtime music loves to tease you with unexpected rhythms and notes ragtime combined African rhythms brought to the United States by slaves with musical forms. Brought here from Europe. So it's truly African American. Tom Turpin was known as the father of Saint Louis ragtime. His Harlem rag was the first ragtime composition published in the United States by a black composer, a ragtime composer who actually performed in Harlem in New York City was James Reese, Europe, James Europe. Also, brought ragtime to the continent of Europe as a Lieutenant in World War One he directed a band for the first African American troops said to France. Another famous ragtime composer grew up in Baltimore UB. Blake was the son of former slaves. His first rag was originally called sounds of Africa. Then he changed the title to Charleston rag. Tom Turpin may have been the father of Saint Louis rag. But there were three composers known as the ponders of ragtime music, period. Number two was a student of Scott Joplin's called James, Scott. Who wrote the great Scott rag? He's opposing the peace after himself or after his teacher. By the time, the third father, brag time came along rags were not just being composed by African Americans. Joseph lamb was white. He taught himself to play by watching his sister's practice the piano. Of course, the most famous of all rags by the first father of ragtime, Scott Joplin his maple leaf rag. I may OMI Lewin. I right. Plus, it's for kids and produce it with Tim Linter at W G UC Cincinnati, please join me next time for classical music made famous by the movies on classics for kids.
Zoltan Kodaly 1: About Zoltan Kodaly
"Hello, welcome to classics for kids. I'm Naomi Lewin. Have you ever taught yourself to do something by reading a book, maybe a magic trick or a card game or playing cello? Sultan code is. Parents played violin and piano. They taught him those instruments, but he really wanted to play the cello. So he sent away for a book and taught himself. I was born in Hungary in eighteen eighty two in the town of catch commit in Hungarian like Chinese you say your last name, first code is Olten. Kodi was also very good at languages. So when he went off to college he studied three different things at once at the university in Budapest the capital of Hungary. He majored in Hungarian and German at the same time Kodi enrolled at the academy of music. That's where he met fellow Hungarian. Composer Bela Bartok it turned out that they had a common passion, Hungary in folk music. When code. I was a kid his father worked as a station master for the railroad. So he got transferred a lot every time the family moved to a new town in Hungary, Hodi, her different folk music and fascinated him in college code and Bartok's started traveling all over the country collecting folksongs and writing them down. In addition to studying, his native, folk music code. I wanted to learn about classical music and other countries. So after he graduated from music school, he visited Berlin and Paris, thanks to money from a prize winning composition. He wrote. Kodi came home with French music in his suitcase, but Hungary and music on his mind in the early twentieth. Century, Hungary, was still under Austrian control. So Hungarian classical music sounded a lot like Austrian music serious Hungarian musicians thought it was ridiculous. When Kodi said, they're folk music was important, but he insisted that Hungarian classical music should have Hungary in roots. Kodi continued to hunt down music in far flung corners of his country. Not only did he publish thousands of Hungrian Soames the used folk melodies and rhythms in his composition. After a while Kodi realized that the way to get hung areas to take pride in their music was to make them understand it by learning to read and write music the way, they learn to read and write words since code. I thought singing was the most direct form of music. He based his system of teaching the Kodi method on vocal music. In addition to Hungarian music, Zoltan Kodi, loved Hungarian legends. He wrote a whole opera about the toll tales told by a man named purry Yanna. Next week here. The entire story of how Yano sh I'm Naomi Lewin. I write classics for kids and produce it with Tim Linter at W G UC Cincinnati, please join me next time from war classics for kids.
Georg Philipp Telemann 3: Self-Taught Composers
"Hello. I'm Naomi Lewin. Welcome to classics for kids. Garrick Phillip Telemann never studied composition. He taught himself. How to write music turns out that's not so unusual. A lot of composers taught themselves. As a kid Edward elgar wrote music for a play that members of his family put onto entertain each other elgar never had any music instruction other than instrument lessons, but he wound up making a very good living as a composer. When Nikolai rimsky-korsakov was in the Russian naval academy. He met up with mealy Bollock ringleader of a group of Russian composers Rynski Korsakov thought that Bella cure. Ed had taught him how to compose. But after he was hired to teach composition at the Saint Petersburg, conservatory rimsky-korsakov's suddenly realized how little he actually knew about it. So he got some books and studied hard always managing to keep just one lesson ahead of what he was teaching his students. After he'd gotten started on his composing career Francie spoon. I got a few pointers about writing music from his teacher, but Poulenc was mostly self taught. African American composer. Scott Joplin was the son of freed slave Joplin figured out. How to play the piano all by himself, and he also figured out how to write the NO rags? Scott Joplin did eventually take college classes in music, so that he could fulfill his dream of writing an opera when American composer, Amy beach was three years old. She taught herself to read when she was four. She started writing piano pieces in her head finally any beach went to a composition teacher. But all he did was show her how to teach herself by studying the work of other great composers. Someone else who believed in studying the work of other great composers was Johann Sebastian Bach. Learn composition from his family members. He came from a long line of musicians who handed down the profession from poverty to sun. But the concerto was pretty new in box day. So he taught himself to write concertos by studying on Tonio vivaldi's music. Twentieth. Century Brazilian composer, Etabe LA Noche was a big Bach fan when nobody was a kid. His father took him to concerts and quizzed him about the music. He was listening to what are those instruments who wrote that piece eventually below Bush became fascinated with Brazilian folk music and ran off to perform with street musicians, then below Bush found a connection between Brazilian music and Johann Sebastian Bach. He wrote a whole set of pieces based on that connection. By the time. George Gershwin finally got around to taking composition lessons. He was in his mid twenties, and he was already famous for writing popular songs, which he figured out how to do all by himself. There's a story that Gershwin asked to famous composers MAURICE rebel and eagles Stravinsky if he could study with them, but they both said no because they really liked his music and thought he was doing just fine without their help. And of course, someone else who started writing music as a kid without the help of composition lessons was this month's composer, Georg Philipp Telemann. That's the jig from Gail Phillip Telemann sweet indeed next week on classics for kids. The Jake is up. I'm Naomi Lewin. I write classics for kids and produce it with Tim Lander at W G UC Cincinnati, please join me for a program of Jake's next time on classics for kids.
Frederic Chopin 4: Famous Pianist-Composers
"Hello. I'm Naomi Lewin. Welcome to classics for kids. Since we can't hear Frederic Chopin play. We think mostly as a composer. But from the time Chopin was a child audiences love to hear him play the piano, a lot of composers, I became famous at the keyboard. Johann Sebastian box. First job was a church organist. And that's how many people in his day thought of him an organist and choir director, who did what was expected of him writing music for church services. For awhile box spent time conducting a court orchestra and playing harpsichord for prince plenty of composers played keyboard for royalty like Francois coop around. Coop around Rhode for the harpsichord, an ancestor of the piano, a harpsichord was the instrument that both days Mozart started out playing as a child when he performed for royalty. But by the end of his life Mozart was playing the piano. Mozart could play just about anyone under the keyboard long before people knew what a genius Ludwik fund Beethoven was as a composer. They were thrilled with how he played the piano. It's interesting that today pianist mostly perform using by other people audiences used to expect pianists to play the latest Buzek. They had written fronts list was an amazing showman at the piano. He loved to dazzle people to compose music that showed off his play. Fronts list wrote music that reflected his native country, Hungary, other pianist composers put their roots into their music to like Spaniard Isaq of he made the piano imitate the guitar. Why we're on the subject of PNO's pretending to be other instruments. Louis Moreau Gottschalk the first American pianists to become famous in Europe used his instrument to imitate the banjo. There was a nineteenth century pianist composer who invented the short piece called the knock term Joan field was born in Ireland, but he spent most of his career in Russia. last of the great keenest composers was Circe Rachmaninoff off lived long enough into the twentieth century to make recordings some of them for con Edison. And some of them on paper rolls for player pianos. Some pianists didn't necessarily compose, but they did make arrangements of other people's music when blood Amir Horowitz played his version of the stars and stripes forever. No, most sanded like John Philip Sousa's in Kyler band was on stage. I'm Naomi Lewin. I write classics for kids and produce it with Tim Lander at W G UC Cincinnati. Please join me again for more classics for kids.
Zoltan Kodaly 2: The Story of Hary Janos
"Welcome to classics for kids. I may OMI Lewin. Can you imagine what a musical sneeze would sound like? Soltan Kodi started off his opera. Hurry Yaish with a musical sneeze. That's because there's a Hungarian superstition that if you sneeze while you're telling a story. It must be true Haryana was a real person. But he told real walkers big fat lies since last names. Come first in Hungarian. We would call him Yaish, Harry Yano, she's Hungarian for John. Back win, Hungary was a part of Austria Haryana's fought in the Austrian army against Napoleon Hari was a private the lowest rank there is. But once he got out of the army, he became a legend in his own mind. First Hari claimed that he had rescued the Austrian emperors daughter and to thank him. She whisked him off to Vienna. Where she lived in a castle with a wonderful musical clock. Backing his village. Hurry had been engaged to a very nice, Hungary and girl who followed him to be Enna. The two of them wonder how they're ever going to get home again, and for that part of the opera Zoltan code. I used real Hungarian folk music and folk instruments. That twangy instrument you here is a symbol spelled C. I M B A L O M. The symbol is a very close. Relative of the hammered dulcimer, which turns up in a lot of American folk music. Meanwhile, back at the Viennese ranch or castle Napoleon's army arise. I'm pretty sure the guys who wrote the music for the wizard of Oz movie had heard her Yano sh when Napoleon himself shows up. You can tell by the tiny echo of the French national anthem in the music. According to her Janas, he singlehandedly defeated Napoleon and sent him. Crawling back to France. After that. There was great rejoicing with affair, boom. Coche an old Hungarian dance meant to get young men interested in joining the army. Since that dance is based on Hungarian folk music. You can hear the symbol in there. Again, twang away finally the Austrian emperor and members of his court appear. At that point, Harry could have married the empress or so he said, but instead he decided to go back to his girlfriend and his village where he spent the rest of his life as a Potter which would make him Harry Potter. Next week on classics for kids. Other classical composers who used folk music. I'm Naomi Lewin. I write classics for kids and produce it with Tim Linter at W G UC Cincinnati, please. Join me next time for borrowed folk music on classics for kids.
Felix Mendelssohn 4: Child Prodigy Composers
"I'm Naomi Lewin. Welcome to classics for kids. Helix Mendelssohn was a child prodigy and extremely talented kid at a very young age. He was a really good pianist. And when he was ten, he wrote his first music, but other composers started even earlier. Both Amadeus Mozart was already performing for oil tea all over Europe. When he was five, his father saw to that. Mozart also started composing when he was five, but it took him until he was eight to write his first symphony. When Ludwig van Beethoven's father realized how talented his son was, he thought of sending him out on concert tours to that never happened. But by the time, Beethoven was a teenager. He was supporting his family by working as a court musician. when Mozart grew up, he was so impressed with another talented kid, Johann Nepomuk, homo, that he invited home to live with his family and study with him. Exactly half a century to the day after Mozart's birthday, a composer known as the Spanish. Mozart was born. Unfortunately, one, they add yoga died when he was still a teenager, having written some chamber music, a symphony, and opera. Another Spaniard who got an early start was Isaq Obame if he began playing the piano in public at four and passed the exam to get into the Paris conservatory at six. When Bates was thirteen, he stowed away on a ship headed for South America. He worked his way up to North America and back to Spain, giving concerts. music was just one of the things that Camille sauce did. Well, when he was a kid, then later in life also wrote plays and poems. And he was good at math and science, especially astronomy and geology for which he collected fossils. When he was eleven years old, Eric, both gun Korngold composed Abell a as a teenager. He had two operas performed later on in life. Corrigo wound up, writing film music in Hollywood. No one even dreamed that there would be a place called Hollywood. Let alone movies to write music for when Louis Claude dot com was born in Paris in sixteen ninety four at the age of six dot com for formed for king Louis. The fourteenth of France. Louis towed dot com. Got lessons from his godmother in these cloud, Jackie gear. Who was a child prodigy herself more about her next week on a show about women composers. I'm Naomi Lewin. I write classics for kids and produce it with Tim Lander at w. g. UC Cincinnati. Please join me again for more classics for kids.
Ralph Vaughan Williams 3: Turn of the 20th Century English Composers
"Hello I'm Naomi Lewin. Welcome to classics for Kids Refund Williams arrived on the scene. Just as a definite English sound for classical music was being established when Vaughan Williams studied at the Royal Conservatory of Music in London. There were three main composer teachers. There Sir Arthur Sullivan. Never thought people took him seriously enough as a composer. Sullivan didn't consider the operas. Says he wrote with William S Gilbert to be that great but today people still love them. Sullivan was one of the people on Williams studied with another. There was a man with a name that couldn't sound more English. Charles Hubert Hastings Perry the third composer at the Royal Conservatory in London. While von Williams was there was actually an Irishman Charles Stanford Vaughan Williams also really admired Edward Elgar's music and wanted to work with him but Elgar didn't teach the conservatory and wouldn't take him on as a student. So Vaughan Williams learned from Elgar by studying his music at the library According to Vaughan Williams a a composer who was his best friend also had the greatest influence on his music. Gustav Holst and one Williams met while they were both students at the Conservatory and they stayed close for the rest of their lives. Gustav Holst got his name through Swedish ancestors but he was English through and through Host and Yvonne Williams both collected folk music and used it in their classical music. Another composer. Who did that was George Butterworth. He died young fighting waiting for England in world. War One When it came to collecting thing English folksongs. It was hard to top Percy Grainger for enthusiasm. Then he wasn't. Even English Ranger was born in Australia and wound up in America but his music is very British. Another English composer from around this time. Sounds like he might attended hogwarts with Harry Potter. Peter Warlock actually Peter. Warlock wasn't his real name. It was a pen name. The name under which he published his music. His real name was Philip. Heseltine and this is by composer who studied with John. Williams Gordon Jacob. The Rape Vaughan Williams taught English composers studied with English composers and used English folk music in his pieces. Like the fantasia on Green Sleeves Music by Rape Vaughan Williams the fantasia on green sleeves which is of course also the tune for the Christmas Carol. What child is this next week. Other classical music that features Christmas carols and I'm Naomi Lewin. I write classics for kids and produce it with Tim. Lander at W. G. UC in Cincinnati. Please join me again for more classics for kids.
Ralph Vaughan Williams 4: Christmas Carols in Classical Music
"Hello I'm Naomi. Lewin welcomed the classics for kids. Kids this weekend celebration of the Christmas season some classical compositions that have Christmas carols in them. Not all pieces. That use Christmas Ms Carols were meant to be played at Christmas time when he composed music for a play called Lila's the woman from ro a city in France. George borrowed an old French Christmas. Carol called the March of the three kings the three kings feature in another piece that uses a Christmas Carol Auto Reno you know risky composed a musical description of three paintings by Italian renaissance artist. Sandro Botticelli one of those paintings is the adoration of the Maj I in addition to the Gye the three kings. The painting shows a huge crowd gathered to admire the baby. Jesus to set the scene recipe gay quotes the old church chant. Benny Benny Emanuel which you know as the Carroll O.. Come oh come Emmanuel The Germans have a Christmas Carol Lullaby in which Mary Sings. Joseph Dearest Joseph Mine asking for help rocking rocking the baby. Jesus to sleep. Yohannes Brahms used a bit of that Carol. To open a song he wrote in honor of another baby the son of his good friend. Joseph or four Yosef in German Yawkey Brahms like the inside joke the to Joseph's and he liked the wonderful tune which he gave to the viola walk Otto Nicolai put the Carol from human known in English as from heaven above to Earth High Com into his Christmas overture and Johann. Sebastian Bach used that Carol in a set of organ variations. There's also a Christmas carol with music by Ahah classical composer. Even though that's not what he originally intended for Felix Mendelssohn wrote a Song Celebrating Yohannes Gutenberg. The man who invented invented the movable type printing press but Mendelssohn didn't like the words to the song which were by somebody else so he told his publisher to find another use for his music music. He thought it might be good for weddings but not for anything. Really religious. After Mendelssohn died someone in England discovered that the music like went perfectly with a poem by Charles Wesley. The brother of John Wesley who founded methodism. Ah it just about the same time. As Hark the the Herald Angels Sing God attached to Mendelssohn music. Another Englishman came up with christmasy words for the old Folk Song Green Sleeves William Chatterton winn-dixie wrote what child is this in the middle of the Nineteenth Century Rate Fund Williams composed his fantasia on Green Sleeves in the twentieth century. So he he probably knew that the piece would get played a lot at this time of year and the fantasia on green sleeves by rape on Williams. I'm Naomi Lewin. I write classics for kids and produce it with Tim. Lander at W. G. UC Cincinnati. I hope you're having a good holiday season. Please join me next year. That is next week for more classics for Kids Okay.
Franz Joseph Haydn 5: Patriotic Songs By Classical Composers
"Hello. I'm Naomi Lewin. Welcome to classics for kids. You probably recognize that June as America Mike country. Tis of the but we wrote it from the national anthem of the United Kingdom of England and Northern Ireland which is God save the Queen or king depending on who's on the throne at the time in the seventeen ninety s when Yosef Haydn visited England the king was George the third, the British ruler who lost the American colonies in the revolutionary war Heiden was so impressed with the song. God save the king that when he got back home to Austria. He wrote an anthem for his country. The tune to Haydn's anthem. God save fronts. The emperor in German got Constand Kaisa was so good that Haydn put it into one of his string quartets, which is known as the emperor portend. For a while Haydn's. Tune was the national anthem of Austria now, it's used with different words as the German national anthem. It's no surprise that Haydn discovered. The power of patriotic music in England English classical composers have written a lot of patriotic songs. Thomas. Arn composed rule Britannia in seventeen. Forty for a mask. M. A. S. Q U E, an elaborate, theatrical production full of music, dance singing and acting rule Britannia called on pretty quickly. Because at the time England was fighting the war of Jenkin's ear. I'm not kidding. That's what it was called almost two centuries later right after the first World War. Gustav Holst adapted music from Jupiter. One of the planets in his suite the planets to the patriotic poem. I vowed to the my country. Yet, another Englishman Edward elgar turned part of his pomp and circumstance March number one into a coronation. Ode for King, Edward the seventh King Edward had mentioned that he thought the March would make a good song, if you're a composer, and the king makes us adjusting, you usually pay attention. People in England love to sing land of hope and glory, at concerts, and at soccer games in Italy. Opera is almost as popular as sports Italian, composer, Sepe, Verity was highly patriotic, and highly political in Verdi's opera buco. There's a chorus of captive Hebrew slaves singing about home much. They miss their country's so beautiful and lost. They're D wrote a book go in the eighteen thirties when Italy was under Austrian rule. So the chorus really struck a chord with a talion 's they felt very was talking about their country's so beautiful and lost, and the chorus vob pin, Seattle became an unofficial Italian national anthem. Around the turn of the twentieth century when Finland was under Russian rule. Finnish composer, Joan Sibelius wrote Finlandia for an event protesting Russian censorship of the Finnish press, forty years later, Sibelius took the part of Finlandia that sounds like a him and turned it into an actual him. The Finlandia him is another unofficial. National anthem. American composer, John Phillips Sousa got into the act, too with lyrics to his most famous March. The stars and stripes forever Sousa, did not write three cheers for the red white and blue or be kind to your web footed friends. He did right Herrera for the flag of the free may. It wave as our standard forever. The real words to the stars and stripes forever by John Phillips Sousa. I'm mayo me Lewin. I write classics for kids and produce it at W G UC Cincinnati with Tim lender and Bruce Ellis. Please join me again for more classics for kids.