35 Burst results for "Voyager"
"voyager" Discussed on Beam Me Up: A Star Trek Podcast
"This episode would have been kind of just a an average free free and a half star and deal the very fine will scene and the janeway confrontation with the clown is tremendous an really kind of just. How much higher just unite. Jane not gonna take shit. She's not and i think surfing is a really good episode. It's really atmospheric Go some really good. Guess quite an interesting almost ingenious resolutions. The story however i can also understand why people don't like the episode. I i can. I get it. I get it. I can't vocalise it. But i just know why people would like it. I don't think it belongs on the watchlist. Fair fair enough. I don i would. I might move it up to extra viewings Just because you're right about the whole janeway thing. I've often said that. I've always thought that janeway is the most bad ass of all the captains many like if you come after one of her people she she goes. I mean mama bear like like not even even cisco would be like you'll calm it down like chill. I think i think this is the. I think this episode cement that do you know that is an earned reputation. Yeah she is fiercely loyal to absolutely like i even saw a picture of kate mulgrew the other day wearing a shirt from the voyager documentary. They're trying to make wearing the shirt of herself like with the gun from macrocosm. Get off my share. Whatever you know the j. like you know. She goes full on rambo and that edges. You know you're right. She does that in this episode with that clown like. Don't day she has that gravelly voice that just it's great this will the clown is essentially amount of is is deaf in that episode. And if you think that she goes toe to toe with death and she wins. I'm not messing around with jiang. Wei away i you. I really really really want to like re-cut. Voyager as a horror show like make like a ten fifteen minute like movie where you just make it a little darker less than the light on it a little bit and and put some new music under being roya gyp. But you'll never sleep again right. Man man speaking of horror show to fix episode twenty four to collect merge into one person.
Ojibwe Historian Discusses the Problem With America's National Parks
"This week. A conversation between tracy hunt and david troyer about how to make america's best idea better. I'm julie longoria. This is the experiment. A show about our unfinished country. David grew up on the leech. Lake reservation in northern minnesota. It's near what they call the mississippi headwaters region and it's about one hundred miles from the border with canada. The border lakes are basically how we travel and have traveled for centuries for generations. Native people would use these waters to visit each other and trade among different villages. It's basically a highway a watery highway and when he was growing up a new national park called voyagers was opening up right near there. Basically the part was plopped down in our yard. And david says that's the way a lot of national parks were created all throughout history. You know i think. Many americans imagine these national parks are made out of these. Untouched pristine natural landscapes. That's not true. People were living there. I like glacier. National park was established. Exactly a black homelands and the black feet reservation. Boundary was pushed off of what became glacier so they took the land directly away from black. Beat the black. People weren't allowed to hunt or fish or trap or harvest timber or worship within the confines of glacier the parks were set up in such a way as to deprive native people of our homelands and our treaty rights. The parks were just another way of taking. At least from native people.
Cruises You Must Book Far In Advance
"I'm gary beverage. This is another by cruising tips for travelers. The first cruiser should book way in advance at fact as soon as it goes on sale is if there's a new ship or even a new cruise line entering the market i've been for example at naming ceremonies of seaborne ships and i have met people there that every single maiden voyage off a seaborne ship there are people that will absolutely go on new ships so whenever a big new ship comes along so celebrity when they launched edge. Apex that whole new class of ship in twenty twenty virgin voyagers with scarlet. Lady call launching a new cruise line so whenever this new ships is loss of interest around being the very first person to go on the same with cruise lines so absolutely if a new ship coming in it's favorite cruise line book. As soon as it goes on sale you'll have to find it gets sold out within minutes or hours. The second one is the absolute opposite and when ships are going out of service one of the most famous and hardest to get was when the queen elizabeth. The second went out of service and sold into that was chock full but also recently saga cruises as they got rid of all their old ships and put an entirely new fleet. Those cruises the final cruise ships. They were taken out of service completely. Sold out and were impossible to get on those ships. So you'll find when ships get out of service or they're being silent another lie. That's an absolute time. You want to book as soon as it goes on sale
Who Will Be Banned From Cruising When Restarts?
"Unwittingly and very easily added to that crews ban list crews boundless that has got longer due to post pandemic cruising rules. I'm gary bambridge. And i'm going to share with you. The nine ways you can be banned from cruising. Let's start with three new bands that will apply basically because of all the post pandemic cruising rules not having a code. Vaccination will like it or not mean. You're likely to be banned from some. If not eventually all almost cruising although it still evolving your light banned from cruising without a vaccine in the following situations first of all you want to work as crew on the ship or even work as guest speaker entertainer or even talk guide. More lines are making this a condition of employment with royal carribean group norwegian cruise groups. One lennick victory and american steamboat. Already saying that this is going to be the case and other lines are actively discussing it. Secondly if you want to cruise lines that have made a requirement for passes so far that includes at the time of according crystal cruises saga cruises american steamboat and victory cruz. Who have an older passenger profile. No-doubt more cruise lines will follow. Thirdly if you're cruise 'cause on any country that requires a vaccination as a condition of entry. This in my view is inevitable and this is going to become much more widespread in cruising. We're seeing many countries in the european area like greece spain and cyprus there pushing for all of the eu to adopt the rule. They already put in place to allow people in without containing and putting no limits on exploring if you've had a vaccine linked to that irrespective of what happens on vaccines cova. Testing is a key part of the returned crews protocols and looks like it will be that for a while. You will be bad if you test positive before boarding of course but also importantly you will also be banned from cruising if you've been in close contact with anyone testing positive for fourteen days before the crews and that's according to various updated crews contracts that i've read and seen so far another new band has come into place through the return to cruise protocols where lies are building into the cruise terms conditions and contracts. The right that they can ban anyone who breaks any of the new guidelines and rules that are being put in place. You agree to these rules. When you book your cruise you ultimately agree to the cruise contracts so for example in the carribean cruise contract. It now says the following quote this any non-compliance by passenger or members of passengers traveling party with carriers coveting policies and procedures shall be grounds for refusal to board refusal to re board after going ashore. Quarantine onboard the vessel disembarkation reporting to cover mental or health authorities or steps deemed necessary so pretty strong ruling. So if you don't wear masks for example you're not honest in the health. Screenings you wander off the cruise line excursions. Your refused to go and do the onboard temperature checks or testing maintaining social distancing steam to the capacity limited venues staying current cavern of asked to do so. And all those kind of things you will be banned and without compensation so now. Let's look at the six other reasons beyond those new rules. We could find yourself subject to accrues ban. Now you can't be banned for simply the wrong age i will. There are a number of adult only cruise lines which banned travelers that are basically two young which is unusual but true so for example saga cruises requires their passengers to be over. Fifty years of age virgin voyagers required guests to be over eighteen and pino crews has some ships for example in their fleet that early open to of eighteenth and so on secondly lines actually banned people under eighteen or twenty one out of the us and canada travelling without an adult now. There are some exceptions to this. So for example. If you're a couple and your age sixteen eighteen or sixteen to twenty one in the case of the united states are married and could prove it when booking. You're allowed to travel or in fact if you're under eighteen or twenty-one and in the military you're able to travel without an adult is also with noting that most lines banned under eighteen hundred twenty once again in the us from sharing a cab with someone also under those ages and the way you get around. That is the adults. You have to be an adjoining cabin next door or right across the hall lines also banned people under eighteen again under twenty one from the. Us her not traveling with their parents or legal guardian without any sort of written permission and also have been banned from taking part in cruises in the us which are quite the cdc as part of their framework for return of cruising but again. That's kind of a bit of an exception now. Thirdly although it varies a little bit byline many band babies age six months or less for shorter cruises and the sheet increases to twelve months or longer for exotic cruises like transatlantic crossings sending any crews. That has three or more consecutive days. Bands kids twelve months or younger in a really obvious one and not surprisingly if you create trouble act in a dangerous way. Break the law or threaten or abuse a crew. You will also be banned by the line and for life. So for example there have been passes. Who'd been trying to create crazy social media viral shots by doing stupid things like climbing of railings. Climb between cabins. They've been banned for life or carribean australian group. Mass brawl on carnival. They were disembarked and they banned for life passes have even been bad after being caught mugging drugs on the ships and other kinds of tax so basically being bad being causing trouble you will be banned one thing. I haven't been able to find out though is if the lion's share that information and if you're then banned by everyone will just that line. Pregnant women are also on the banned list. Anyone who enters a twenty four weeks of pregnancy during the cruise is also bad and this is because the medical team to have no expertise in pregnancy and childbirth however. The band does not always apply for river cruising. So if you are getting later your pregnancy or we'll be late in your pregnancy and your decrease that could be an option. This of course is because river. Cruise ships are always close to medical care and hospitals. The lines also hold the rights and their contracts to deny boarding and banu if you try and bring a pretty wide range of items on board so that includes recreation drugs guns stun devices knives explosive devices swords or the ultimate could be used as a weapon fireworks drones hover boards balloons and it goes on and on but in practice other than for illegal items like recreational drugs. The lies are more like confiscate them. And hold them until the end of the cruise. But beware backpacking choices particularly recreational drugs. Could have you banned. The cruise lines have pretty few bands or exclusions for medical conditions and they are able to accommodate most with notice although they do say in the contracts. And i'm going to quote this. You must ensure that you are medically and physically fit for travel and that such traveling will not endanger yourself or anyone else so you do need to check before boarding as they may required to do things like higher cookman cabin if you need any own let you travel with all bring a carrot assist you and some also restrict or limit support dogs other than guides visually impaired guests. So it's a bit of a mindful that you need to check around the cruise contracts. Say things again. On a quote this guess affected by a disability or medical condition must be self sufficient or travel with someone you can provide all the necessary assistance. So if you can't do that you will be banned
"voyager" Discussed on Beam Me Up: A Star Trek Podcast
"Final frontier. This is about saving the few humanitarian. This huge victory could not emotion another episode of beam. Me up a star trek podcast. I'm brennan allen. And i've seen every episode of star trek like forty seven times and i'm matt sonnenburg and this is my first time through the series and this is the show where you're on a mission to introduce as many people to the star trek universe in this case the delta quadrant of that universe by watching the most important episodes that deal with the lord the history and the timeless message of star trek. Today i think we're dealing with the lore of it. Mostly i think makes a lotta sense and i'm gonna let you know that you need to go over to apple. Itunes podcast racer wherever you like. Go leave us a rating and review. Go over to apple. Gordon pod chaser wherever you want and leave us rating and review. That's all there is to it. Simple as that heard the man. Today's episode is episode two of star trek voyager entitled para lax. Or as. i like to call it. Did he just say the voyager in case you don't you don't remember didn't watch this when i. This is the episode where the voyager voyager comes to the aid of a ship cotonou singularity event horizon only to discover that the trapped ship is in fact themselves and oh yeah blonde has to break a few noses to become the chief engineer in the process before we get into the recap of this episode. I will give you a chance to give us your overall thoughts in reactions to star trek. Voyager episode two paralympics wasn't the only one who had these thoughts and concerns. They had dressed my thoughts and concerns in episode. Two so Yeah that's where we're going with this and like you said. This is definitely more about the lower because i i was sitting here thinking. I'm like this doesn't seem like a big not even a real big star trek message episode. -sarily right it definitely felt like oh. These are the questions i was asking last.
"voyager" Discussed on Beam Me Up: A Star Trek Podcast
"They did not stick to that now. The new nobody aca that regretted throwing that number out there. Like no we need torpedoes. We're we're doing this. Yeah yeah it's it's it's a rather funny. It's funny when you just sort of tv it. It is what it is. Whatever the internet do yourself apart just exactly exactly at. That's good that's good but yeah man that's that's it this is this is the show the show at least for now and i'm not going to answer a single question that you asked i know home and then do other stuff. What's going on with the my key as they're going into it. Yeah yeah. I liked that. It's unexpected from what you thought going into it. It's an unexpected. I can live with at least fair enough. Like i'm excited to see where this goes. And and what what they end up doing with it. It's just if anyone had asked me before. What is the main plot of star trek. Voyager you immunizations asked like season one or whether it's like i don't know how long this last i i would not have been to tell you any this sure at. They are stranded away from the adamy of way from the federation. I knew zero this. It's great from a production standpoint though right in a story standpoint. Because you're free of everything else like you to greeley truly create everything you're doing. I do want to say this though you did ask this question. Why stay with starfleet rules. Yeah okay. I think this was something that even kirk talked about. Back when we did corp might maneuver maybe balance of terror. One of those wow. I've mentioned both those episodes twice in this episode. But basically kerr. I i wanna say it was corporate maneuver kirk. Basically says it some ways like we now get a chance to see if whether our high-sounding words mean anything. The idea of starfleet starfleet principles is not just a set of rules of how you live doing. don't it is an ideal live yet is a philosophy. You're not mean and get but my point being in particular when you don't have a pure starfleet crew anymore right. That's gonna be the challenge and ause problems. Yes it is and then like you said when you start encountering other cultures do your words mean anything. Yes that is going to be the question. But i mean might you would think more than anyone it. Meanwhile janeway would try to pull that captain bright. That's that's our job. that's what that's how. She made it that far. She believes in the system But i'd say anybody below her. She doesn't have her original first officer. No like paris like screw things up before he even graduated right but got kicked out of the cabinet me. Yeah so i mean i. I wouldn't even expect him to fully be on board with everything that's going on..
"voyager" Discussed on Beam Me Up: A Star Trek Podcast
"The things we knew at the same time. You don't have ties to starfleet and the academy and people to send you on missions and admiral other people. You can admirals people to to check in with and like if you don't have all that stuff. Why do you still need to follow all the starfleet and what's to stop the the key that you're bringing on board from in Mutiny like who's going to come and rescue you. You're on your own. I mean you had find. They're outnumbered like one hundred forty two three or to. actually. I guess because one of them was undercover. Only three that we met. There's there's a whole. I'll let you know there's a lot more monarchy that were like in the lower deck's of that ship like to to coach. Wasn't that big. Ship was already lot smaller than voyager eastern name. But because like when i that was the first ship we saw. Go up against the ks on ship on my wall. That's tiny and then. They showed voyager next to a two. Oh you look tiny too. But i mean bigger than the ship but still tiny compared to kaysone. Anyway there's felt more like a shuttle or something because like they're quote unquote bridge. If you even want to call it that it did look like when those shots would get in a shuttle dick. Three people fit there. It's all there was it wasn't it reminded me. I hate to cross lines again but like of an x wing or something. A small ship like that that just holds a couple of people. Go out battles. You're a fighter ship. You yeah so utah. They're more people on their does surprise me a little bit but i guess it's good information to have and then tha around this out. We fill in the holes in the voyager roster. Everybody that died previously. It's like okay. We need to fill these holes sir. What is paris's actual. Like feel commissioner lieutenant but like is he navigation guests. I mean he would be. He would be command division so You know as a pilot. that's right. He was a pilot was kind of the officer is what he is the officer. So okay And then yeah new cast. It'll be interesting to see how they integrate they kind of outlined it but still curious to see how they actually use them. Right so yeah. They're stuck out here for a while. i like. I say i'm guessing minimum of one season potentially the whole series on our but already made some friends and some enemies right just just just so you know Y y you were just talking there for a little bit. Sorry for wasn't responding. I was actually looking at the crew manifest four. Voyager count is correct they have twenty one machi crew members. Not counting to walk if you count to twenty two but to ox not really monkeys starfleet. So there's twenty two crew members now. how many how. Many voyager starfleet crew members died coming over. I think they said about half. Here's what here's one of the funny things. Maybe i'll show this to you on day. One of the things they say at some point i don't think they said it in this particular episode but they said they only have like thirty three photon torpedo is left or something like that right. Yeah okay. obviously they're not near starfleet. They're not getting resupplied. Photon torpedoes anytime soon. There's a youtube video that goes through and takes all of the photon torpedo shots throughout the course of the series and it runs up to like one hundred seventy something like that..
"voyager" Discussed on Beam Me Up: A Star Trek Podcast
"The aqap only live nine years underground and they have sole access to the water on the planet. Sometimes one will sneak up to the surface like that one over there who just appeared behind helix. So if there's a way out there's also got to be away in it. Turns into an old west style shootout at grabs. The girl and the crew makes their escape and turns out. That girl is neil xs girlfriend on all so if i understand this correctly neil brought them there specifically to get cast your no intention of actually finding the compo. They're finding a way into planet hundred percent like like he was just there for one hundred percent. I don't want to make sure i wasn't crazy. Yeah neil totally using them yup absolutely. It's like hey. I haven't army now. You have guns. let's go And he's kinda lucky they made it out 'cause they they were outmanned for a little while when they didn't didn't know what they were there for. Yeah i w-. I might have been a lot more mad at nea. Likes than the way captain janeway and others were when we finally got back like i can understand but look i get it but you put my crew in danger. This is not why we're here pleaded off pretty well. Well they're down on the planet like he attempted to to find a way to the akaba but as soon as back to the ship and he was like wait. You know her. It's like because it clicked as soon as they got back to the ship. And and he's like i told you i come back for you like right. Then and there you know janeway snapped up like he's not a member of the crew. You don't have to protect him Well down with the okapi. Heron bolanos are still plotting their escape. We learned from one of the accomplish that the caretaker is acting a little funny. He's been tripling the power that he sends them. Also there are some ancient tunnels that still exist for an escape. But that's very hard and very dangerous. Meanwhile back on the ship the crew. Voyager and the ship plus nixon casts are working on getting their people back starting with the site at the underground turns out there too late aaron bilotta of already begun their escape plopped plot. Yep lots apply here. Jap moon things forward. The the the one thing i found. I'd like the they even had to rush things a little bit. Because they're like well we're we're gonna have to find a breach in the in the security field star scanning for one and then right away in the next scene there inside the there may have been a slight beaming sound effect..
"voyager" Discussed on Beam Me Up: A Star Trek Podcast
"As my star trek so here's the story. Here's the story behind it. I was living overseas at the time. Never watched star trek at all. I was a full grown adult graduated. College right Met a girl. While i was over there was living jewish. She do what she was grand. I did. I did she. She was pretty pretty pretty nifty. I liked her a lot at the time but we were in the country that did not speak english as its first language really didn't even speak it as a second language. It just didn't speak english so the only way that i could watch any. Tv was basically to at the time. Rent these new things called. Dvd's your age brands where they were just starting to put them out as as seasons. Dvd's of we had movies for a while but you could suddenly start doing tv shows right. And she was a big fan of star trek star trek. Now there was military base american military so we could get the the american show and they are the american channels from that they had some some star trek on that and voyager was one of the ones. That was airing at the time. And she's and she she's. I'm not getting into star trek. How does john get star trek home and do that. They should listen. Listen here's what you should do watch. Voyager because voyager is the only one of the ones that had been out because voyager was airing at this time to like it was in the tail end of its era of. Its airing okay. Voyager was the only one that had like a continual story thread the episode. Stand on their own for the most part but there is going and you know it now matt. It's the journey home get flung to the other side. There's the thread carry have got that talk. We'll talk about that. But that carries through and wash that so i said okay fine. I started watching it. I got into it wound up watching deep space nine. And then i watched and i went backwards through the series and i'll watch t. and g. and at that point enterprise. It started coming on television. So i started watching enterprise when it was fresh on tv had finished watching voyager while it was while it was still airing yeah and then went back s and got hooked in all these years later. That girl is gone and out of my life. I have since another girl. We fell in love and we got married. She was not a trekkie matt. Yeah and i really wanted her to start watching star trek and she said no. Don't wanna watch star trek. And i said you know what you should do. You should start with voyager..
"voyager" Discussed on Beam Me Up: A Star Trek Podcast
"It'll it'll brighten up a little bit but it puts spin on those episodes. It's put it that way. But you but you you have like that that really i feel like as somebody who's watched the whole of voyager and the journey home in in the though where does voyager real where. We're going to invest in with matt and to me. I just sat back and went. I'm not. I don't know if the phages enough but it's incredibly interesting like i really like the storyline. So i get give them give me another reason to to move it up because i really want to. I don't know if i can. So i don't disagree in summarily about putting this one on xtra feeling. Obviously we're not obviously faces down the line in our list but these these two episodes are connected so my my thing with faces is Not see i think. I think faces would be a good one for a new watch. Because it's a lot of character development for lana man her inner demons and you know seeing more the klingon side the now that works for her and her inner demons like dealing with human side and the loss of strength and all of that so like i. I don't know there's some piece of me that wants you to put faces either in the list or an extra viewing sure so i would say Yeah i would say having watched both of those whether you keep do a podcast on them or whether they're just extra billing for him either way i don't care i think they're i think they're great episodes to be watched now see. Here's the thing with that. There is an episode not too long ago that we did in the next generation. Where said i know nine where i said. I intended for you to watch this as extra viewing but then i was going to require you to watch it and do it anyway. Because we do record those extra viewing episodes that he does We do that for our guys who are interested in you..
"voyager" Discussed on Beam Me Up: A Star Trek Podcast
"Episode after everything else going on around it kind of like in in a season two of next generation we did episode called the child which is where diana gets pregnant by some starving like some energy beam. It had that that was no reason why we watch that episode. It wasn't a fantastic episode but there was so much that was happening to kick off season too. I couldn't just be. Hey here's one thing like it was this and then oh yeah and this and george now the chief engineer and beverly gone and now. There's a new doctrine. Oh yeah that doctor's name is dr polaski and oh yeah now warf is is the new chief security officer like there was just all this data in a sentence. Exactly exactly so. I think that's where. I'm gonna land with paradox so i i'm glad to hear you agree with me that this is really the getting into what voyager is and so let's move on to episode four time and again investigating a planet just devastated by poul-erik explosion jane peres engulfed in a sub space fracture and transported in time to before the accident. What do you think here. yeah. I had this one. Down as non essential yuppie to me to this is one of those like there are some episodes that i watch and i'm like oh those better than i remember it like in my head. I didn't like that one as much as i really did this to me. I think is always reverse. Like i think i like it in my head and then i watch and i'm like yeah. Yeah yeah. I'm honestly when you were saying that. Like all the episode of voyager off i went in my head. It's not one if i'm doing a rewatch. Voyager i'm not skipping this episode like there there is no episode that's bad enough in voyager that i'm like i'm not watching that episode again shore. I'll watch it but it's not. It's not one that i'm i'm saying..
"voyager" Discussed on Beam Me Up: A Star Trek Podcast
"Final frontier gins. This is about saving the few humanitarian. This huge victory graduate of course of action is not emotional who come to a very special supplemental episode of star trek of a star trek. Podcast that is called. Be me up a star trek. Podcast folks that is what happens when i have the notes scripted out directly in front of me i am in your host and as you may notice. I'm here all by myself today. I'm here by myself. Today because this is a supplemental episode. That matt's not allowed to watch so matt if you turn this on turn it off. You're not allowed to watch you know you don't know anything about what's happening. This doesn't exist in your world shoe. Go away go away for everybody else out there. Welcome this is our picking the episodes supplemental show where we are now talking about. Voyager season one. It is coming up very fast upon us. And i am super excited to get your. Voyager was my star trek. It was my entry point into the star trek universe. And i couldn't be more excited to share it with matt and i'm approaching it with a little bit of trepidation as i'm looking at which episodes are the ones that he's going to watch. I have to confess. I probably a little bit more biased towards these episodes. Because it's it's it's what i consider my trek. I really love voyager. I pretty much every episode. Even the bad ones truth be told. I do that star trek anyway like as a whole but this particular series. This one's going to be tough for me. The last couple of seasons though as we've entered into a new season of doing this show you guys that have been following this for any amount of time. No that that instead of me. Going into a whole and figuring this out on my own for matt. What i've started doing is inviting in new people and getting to meet some new friends and and make some connections with other star trek podcasters..
What Is Festooning
"Including extras on nasa spacecraft dates back to early space ventures officially called festoon ing pioneer ten and eleven carried a plaque depicting a man and a woman for distant space ferrers who might encounter the spacecraft one day voyager one and to carry the golden record for a similar purpose communicating the diversity of our world the gold plated copper disc contains sounds made by surf wind and thunder spoken greetings from earth. People and an eclectic collection of music metal from the wreckage of the twin towers on nine eleven was installed on the mars rovers spirit and opportunity a nineteen o. Nine penny aboard. The curiosity rover commemorated the one hundredth anniversary of the lincoln penny and gave a nod. Geologists who often use a pen for scale when analyzing images of rocks scientists actually use that penny as a calibration target to check the settings on one of the rovers cameras from playful to practical these artistic embellishments. Tell the story of the inhabitants of earth who reached for the stars
'Sisters With Transistors': Pioneers Of Electronic Music
"Musical instruments that produce sound by using electronic circuitry bore the names of male inventors, and they were popularized by male artists. It is Allyson McCabe reports. Women were and still are at the forefront with a new documentary. They're finally getting their due in the 19 twenties, the Russian physicist Leon Thurman, debuted and electronic instrument that could be played without any physical contact. Musician stood in front of a box and wave their hands over antennas summoning otherworldly sounds seemingly from thin air. Experiment might have been a passing novelty, if not for the late Clara Rock quarry Ah, virtuoso who, well concert hall audiences and helped refine the instruments design music. It was not suspected, as she recalled in the 1992 interview with public radio station W Q. X are there was no way of breaking the sound. You couldn't make the cut that you couldn't make separation. All I had to do is inspire him that I needed. Frogmore is just one in a long line of women who change the shape and sound of modern music, says filmmaker Lisa Robin er. When most people think of electronic music in most cases, they'll picture men pushing the buttons knobs in the boundaries. So one of the things that really drew me to the story was that this was a story of women being enabled by new technology robbers. New documentary sisters with transistors celebrates their achievements spotlighting pioneers such as Daphne or, UM, who was hired as a studio engineer by the BBC in the 19 forties, while men were off fighting in the war after hours or, um, began recording and manipulating sounds on magnetic tape. Man. Her experiments led to the co founding of the BBC's Radio Franek Workshop, which also provided a platform for Delia Derbyshire. She crafted sounds for hundreds of BBC programs, including the iconic theme music for the TV side by Syria's doctor who which debuted in 1963. Five years later, Wendy Carlos took the first commercially available keyboard base of the Sizer to the general public. She introduced the instrument she helped Robert Mode design on her album switched on Bach, which sold more than a million copies. At the same time, female composers continued working on their own music. Juilliard trained Laurie Spiegel says Elektronik Instruments helped them bypass creative and professional obstacles and give voice to their compositions themselves. It was like looking the way a painter or a writer works. You were working on the actual work itself. You were being a piece of music out of sound that you could then play for somebody else. Instead of just having a piece of paper that you then needed someone else to go and perform. As a researcher at Bell Labs in the 19 seventies, Spiegel made music using experimental computer systems and complex algorithms to generate entirely new sounds. 1977 Spiegel's work was included on the Voyager golden record launched into space to represent all of humankind. That, she says the achievements of women have often gone on recognized early computer programmers very often where women because it was considered clerical. Then when they began to be called computer science, then it was suddenly totally men, and it was for gotten their women involved in your early days of computers. History of women has been a story of silence. Of breaking through the silence. We shall not be rubbed any longer. It's beautiful noise. Sisters with transistors is narrated by Laurie Anderson in 1977. Anderson debuted the tape Bow Violin, which allowed her to create her own performance art. In the 19 eighties, Anderson modified her Elektronik Trump set turning her body into an instrument. We gotta Lynn Drum machine and it was broken. And so I took it apart. And I thought, Well, what if you sold it into a suit? You know on your views to the various drum pads, specially For today's pioneers. Electronic music isn't just music. It's also a tool to break down barriers, says composer Yvette Janine Jackson. My creative journey with electronic music.
"voyager" Discussed on Sci-Fi Talk
"My shower is an octogenarian. Will he's running around fighting the bowl saving the day. They would've loved you town where he said you know. We managed to get some things through that. Nobody should expect too. That's funny that's great. Thanks so much for for being on the podcast and really helping to revisit star trek. Voyager in this really looks like a really fascinating book Star trek voyager. A celebration and yes. We celebrate voyager and it certainly belongs in the star trek canon and universe. I have to ask you before we do go. What's up for you next. i'm well. I'm busy man We have a massive both. Live the enterprise. Dave you coming out of beautiful thing. It's it's a big deal. it's a big projects. Thank you a couple of years. And it's not the cheapest thing in the world but i think it likes that kind of thing it'd be really happy with it. Oh yeah we have ships coming up from pecans. Nice every season trae In terms of folks. We've got a device. Nine illustrates ambush february Just go to light a wet from january of the cacao yards at the moment Again we do a ton of the stuff. I mean we do guys bustos. Hey joe big build up costs for those chips. The all ville yeah expanse coming into this year back home tv yes. So that's another one from the past. We as it is busy. People magical at sounds really really cool. Thanks so much again and best of luck to you. Stay safe during this craziness and on youtube. It's daily daily process and thank you all for listening to sci-fi talk and in particular talking about star. Trek juror celebration till next time. This is ethan phillips from star trek voyager and you are listening to sifi talk..
How the Wolves Change the Forest
"Literally get down on our hands and knees and starts slowly sifting through the leaf litter looking for bissett hair or a little chunk of bill. Tom gabel is tracking predator. In fact he's tracking pack of them. Oh it's very much like a crime scene investigation since twenty fifteen the university of minnesota conservation. Biologists has used gps collars to track thirty wolves inside voyageurs national park. Those callers lead gable and his team to kill sites and they're amid the leaf litter were bloodied bits of fern bone clues about how wolves the ecosystems they live and hunt and kill in. The long-term study is in a way. A quest to broaden a science story that goes back twenty five years for wildlife ecologists the story of the reintroduction of wolves to the greater yellowstone ecosystem on january twelfth. Nineteen ninety-five has become canonical. The story goes something like this. As the elk grew to fear the wolves they changed where and how they foraged that gave willows cottonwoods and aspens a better chance to grow near streams it also meant more riverside berries for foraging grizzly bears and lead to alterations in the flow of those streams. Sending water in new directions. Wolves out compete coyotes for access to pray so coyote populations plummeted which led to a rise in fox rabbit and ground nesting bird numbers and so on ecologists called this row of biological domino's a trophic cascade regard with your inclination. I think it's hard not to be like. Wow this is amazing right if that is true. That's really incredible. New findings cast some doubt on the idea that wolves primarily regulate the greater yellowstone ecosystem through fear and intimidation and regardless of the situation. They're very little. Research has been conducted on this question. In ecosystems that don't resemble the mountains and grasslands of yellowstone which brings us back to the boreal forests of northern minnesota. The ground that tom gabel and his team have been crawling over the last few years during the winter. Wolves work together to kill large prey. Like dear but gable found than in warmer ice free months wolves focus on smaller prey like newborn dear funds and especially beavers and. That's where things get really interesting for the ecosystem. Wolves by trading on dispersing beavers alter where wetlands are created. If a young beaver gets killed after leaving home it will never have a chance to build a new dam even if it had started construction before becoming a wolf lunch. The damn will remain unfinished. End fall into disrepair beavers are ecosystem engineers so when a wolf kills one it can have a big impact because they prevent beavers from converting a forest into a wetland and in that regard wolves are unconnected to all of the ecological processes that are associated with wetlands and beaver ponds. Ecologists have long assumed that predators can influence their ecosystems in two main ways one is through fear and intimidation like in the yellowstone story. The second is through direct. Killing the voyagers will offer up a third possibility. The park and the forest surrounding it have more than seven thousand beaver. Ponds gable estimates that wolves have a direct impact each year on around eighty eight of them. That's a mere one and a quarter percent affected so it's hard to argue that wolves responsible for reshaping the ecosystem in the broadest sense. But it's equally hard to deny that. They helped to maintain a diversity of habitats landscape.
Darwin notebooks reported stolen from Cambridge library
"Of two of Charles Darwin's notebooks to police 20 years after they went missing. One of them contains his famous tree of life sketch, which demonstrated part of his thinking on the origin of species. Curator is now believe they were stolen. I've been speaking to Dr Jessica Gardner. She's university's library. And she told me first more about the notebooks. Well, these over really precious that the handwritten notebooks assed part of a much bigger archive. The university likely of Cambridge, holds the largest archive, the child, stolen manuscripts and books anywhere in the world. These two notebooks are part of sequence. That were written in 18 37 18 38 after Darwin had returned from Voyager's Neech, Miss people, then known as the transmutation of books, and they're part of his developing ideas, which lead 20 years later to the publication upon the origin of species on what's really significant about one of these two notebooks is that contains a seminal sketch. It's probably just about two inches tall, absolutely tiny doughnuts, The tree of life and this is the first sketch. But Darwin then went on to rework another sketches and writing as part is thinking, too. Warts on the speed on the origin of species s. So I'm looking at the picture of it s so it is just very small with the tree of life picture and then just some writing on the side, and I suppose it's also just the writing his own handwriting that is also so powerful. It really is. I mean, it's magical life. I've worked my whole career in the preservation of cultural heritage and Coming to Cambridge working the Darwin papers that was, you know, really a combination of a career for me, so I am absolutely devastated by what has happened. It's really, really special to see his handwriting. We hold over 1000 letters to and from Darwin and many other notebooks, drafts all of his of his books. But these two notebooks are very special. We have published the digital versions fully online, the Web site so anyone can see what is in contained in his own handwriting online, But we know that's not the same. Missy ritual objects, and that's what we want to cover for the world. I understand that you want your focus to be on recovering these items, but it will strike people as strange that for 20 years you were just relying on them. Not you personally, but Cambridge University was relying on them just to turn up. Well, today of you very clear. Our protocols are absolutely clear. That if anything like this happened again, and I've taken considerable measures to help ensure that it does not. We would report to the police immediately, as well as juniors wide scale searches. Left hadn't been ruled in as a possibility at the outset, and I don't want to apportion blame to my predecessors. But I do take responsibility today and that responsibility has led me to report to the police and to Move as openly as possible who his public appeal, which is wider possibles audience to reach the recovery. I mean, these note pads are worth millions of dollars, aren't they? So so that the likelihood off somebody coming forward would really be dependent on somebody being interested in restoring them to their original place? But you can argue, and you can imagine, can't you that there are going to be people who if they do have it and no now what? They're worse that it could go in a different direction. Well, there isn't No way These notebooks could be sold on the open market. And that's bean one of the ways in which we have spent time listening and gaining expertise. My colleagues in the international book Trade, So You know this is where there are examples where consciences of pricked or just some information that leads to the next bit of fact that we hope will lead to the recovery. They can't be sold on the open market there too well known their provinces to unknown. Darwin is highly collectible. We know that But I also travel hopefully, in the goodness that someone will hear this and think I know something. Let's try and return. That's the world could benefit from it in the public domain. Not Jessica Gardner, the librarian at Cambridge University.
SPACE WEEK: Every Moon, Ranked
"Too small notes before we hit you with some hot moon takes one. Obviously, we're not talking about all one hundred and fifty moons. We picked handful from the top ten, and then we'll do a lightning round on some others. All of these bodies meet the technical definition of Moon meaning they orbit an asteroid or a planet, not the Sun. Second Note. Jennifer's list also includes a few of what NASA calls provisional moons. These are bodies that are kind of, let's say unofficial maybe haven't been studied that well or confirmed yet. Yeah. So. I want to add that the scientists that I spoke to. They said that they're probably way more moons out there that we haven't even discovered yet. Well. So cool. Okay. All right. So number ten on your list diddy moon yet say, yes is did he moon? So, did he moon it's not circling a planet. It is actually circling an asteroid it. It is very tiny. It's about five hundred, twenty, four feet in diameter and it's orbiting. The asteroid diddy. Moss in it's it's kind of part of a very cool future NASA mission, right? Yes. So did he moon is part of a really important the item mission and the item mission is like this cosmic dress rehearsal basically, NASA wants to send a spacecraft to slam into diddy moon and knock it off course. Now I know what you're thinking. It sounds pretty familiar and yes, it is essentially the plot of Armageddon. Show me. But it's a really really important mission in it's going to help us test one of the ways that we think we might be able to potentially deflect a hazardous object that might be pearling towards earth. So cool. Okay. Number six called by one expert you talk to the most underrated moon in the solar system orbiting Jupiter Ganymede Ganymede. Ganymede is such a fascinating world Ganymede is the largest moon in our solar system. It's actually larger than Mercury Ganymede is also the only moon that we've known to have a magnetosphere. Cool. Earth has a magnetosphere and it's essentially this covering this kind of magnetic shell that we have of charged particles and what it does. It actually protects us from harmful radiation. So there's tons of radiation that's generated by the sun and from interstellar space, and that magnetosphere protects us it's potentially allowed life to form. Can I tell you that I am horrified to report I thought Ganymede was a made up moon Scifi show the expanse. Oh. Yes on that. Farm on Ganymede and I'm like it was a fun made up plays I love that shout the expanse it's a great show. Yeah no can't meet is just so fascinating. So number four on your list orbiting Neptune. Triton. Yes. Triton is an absolute misfit. First of all I will say it looks just like a cantaloupe if you look at the picture. How was ranked keep going I, mean, that is, of course, the important feature. But really, what's cool about Triton is that it's essentially this kind of Pluto sized object that we believe has been captured by Neptune and now orbits the planet and temperatures on Triton and we we know this thanks to the voyager two spacecraft but temperatures on Triton have dipped as low as minus three hundred ninety one degrees Fahrenheit. Super Cold Nope nope. nope. nope things. But it's partially because it's got like this ice covered surface right and that reflects a ton of the light that it receives that it's by. Yeah absolutely. That's that's another really weird thing about Tritan on it has what's called an incredibly high Albedo. So that's basically a measurement of how much late a body reflects. and. Triton's is actually really high. It reflects about seventy percent of the sunlight. It receives I'm like in Triton I'm going to be honest with you Ganymede. But I'm like Triton right now array. Okay. Time for the top three Jennifer. Are you prepared I? Think so bronze-medal orbiting Saturn Moon. That contains the big four ingredients for life hydrogen carbon nitrogen and oxygen enceladus. Yeah. So enceladus is absolutely fascinating moon. So the Cassini mission when it arrived to observe Saturn's moons, it noticed that there were jets spewing out of ENCELADUS, right? So they actually took a detour and had Cassini swing through those jets to collect samples of that liquid into turned out to be liquid water right? I remember when that happened that was wild. That was like a big deal. Yes. Absolutely, and so it really spurred a lot of interest in enceladus. Of course, we love Europa. But enceladus is really this kind of new and exciting moon and you know as you mentioned, it has the big four ingredients for life. That's really just an incredible sign that this might be one of the places where we find life. Okay. Number two on the list orbiting Jupiter lot of Okano's and some lightning. I oh. Yes. So I will admit that I have some volcanic. I really love of volcanoes. Thank you for disclosing that conflict of interest Jennifer I have to be I have to be honest. I'm anyone who knows me knows that I absolutely love volcanoes. So naturally, I O, which is the most volcanically active body in our solar system would have to take second there are over four hundred volcanoes on the surface of Iowa and they spew jets of. Lava hundreds of miles and two space. It's really incredible. Okay. So this is the wildest thing about Iot to me is that I owe can generate like true current. Yes. So of all of the Galilee and moons of Jupiter, Iowa's actually the closest to Jupiter and so sweeps through its magnetic field and that causes it to create this electric current it can generate. As much as three million amperes, and actually this jolt of electricity is then shot back to Jupiter and it creates lightning in the planet's. Fear I mean, that's cooler than the volcanoes. Some some people would say that. Yes. Okay. Your number one moon Jennifer orbiting. Saturn. A Moon I could walk on with potentially nothing more than an oxygen. Mask Titan. So Titan. Is. The only other place that we've observed so far that has a thick substantial atmosphere. So our atmosphere of course is. Critical for life here on earth and tighten, it has a similar has a sort of similar atmospheric also mostly composed of nitrogen but the second most common gas in the atmosphere is actually methane. So right. So instead of like US having oxygen the next most abundant compound in that moons atmosphere in Titan's atmosphere is methane. Yeah. Absolutely, and you think about Earth, we have a water on earth all. Three phases of water on earth. So there's liquid and gas and ice but on Titan you have liquid methane on the surface, which is really really incredible. It's the only other body in the solar system that we've observed to have liquid on its surface, and these are rivers and lakes and seas of methane and ethane part of the reason why it's got this like, orange Gooby Hayes, around the moon. Yes. So Essay in the methane on those hydrocarbons, that kind of creates it's it's really this I feel like it's really beautiful. It's this kind of soft orangish glow. So it looks a little bit fuzzy whereas other moons that don't have an atmosphere they. They look very sharp but this is very, it's a very muted known. It's. Yeah. Beautiful I think. Yeah. So. Before we go Jennifer we had to leave out a of sweet moons. So we're GONNA do lightning round. I'm going to mention a moon from your list and you give us one moon. Moon Pinions, but moon fax perfect. That sounds great. Okay. Number Forty, one Jupiter's moon ammonia. Yes. So a Mafia is actually the object in our solar system and we aren't one hundred percent. Sure. Why beautiful reds my favorite coloreds promoted to thirty one. Okay Number Twenty Jupiter's Moon Callisto. So Callisto is thought to have the. Surface in the entire solar system. Pretty Sweet. Okay. Number eighteen and nineteen combined also Saturn Moons Atlas and Pan. Atlas and Pan Look like giant Ravioli with aerial around their equator. It's so much fun. Okay. Number Thirteen one of the two moons around Mars Phobos some phobos is a giant rubble pile on track to either fling itself into Mars or split apart in orbit on some missions. Actually proposed a pit stop on the tiny moon on our way to the Red Planet love it. Okay. Number Eleven, Maranda orbiting Uranus. So Miranda is home to Verona Rupe. It's the tallest cliff in the solar system. If you fell off its edge, you would have time to read the newspaper before you hit the ground. Okay.
Scientists discover Pasmoid from Voyager 2 data
"Than three decades after the fly by scientists inspecting voyager, two's data have discovered one more secret about an icy world. This is innovation now eight and one half years into its grand tour of the solar. System. Nasr's voyager to Matt Icy Cold Uranus over the next few hours voyager two collected information that revealed to new rings, Eleven, new moons, and bitter cold temperatures that fell below minus three hundred, fifty degrees Fahrenheit unbeknownst at the time voyager had flown through plasma. Lloyd. A giant magnetic bubble that may have been whisking urine is's atmosphere out to space planetary. Atmospheres all over the solar system are leaking into space even Earth's atmosphere leaks little the effects on a human timescale are tiny. It took four billion years of leakage for Mars to become the dry planet is today but the newly discovered plasma blood could be the dominant way urine US sheds its atmosphere at a faster rate, and this new information from the old fly by is making scientists wonder just how the seventh planet may have changed over time
Volcanoes of Life
"Hey welcome to stuff to blow your mind. My name is Robert Lamb, and I'm Joe McCormack in today, we're going to be talking about something that I've been thinking about doing an episode on for a while ever since I read an article while back that really interested me, and that is the surprising and kind of counterintuitive link that has been proposed by many geologists now between life as we know it. It on earth and the fires of Mount Doom, specifically, the the most violent and scary of geologic processes like volcanic eruptions on the movement of tectonic plates. Yeah. This is a great topic to get into. We kind of had a I guess a preamble to this a couple of episodes ago when we were talking about eggs and we talked about the volcano birds and the idea of a volcano being seeming. Almost. Paradoxically to be something that can nourish. As opposed to something. That's just a purely destructive force. Oh, I. didn't think about that comparison at all. But yeah, the the way that the volcanic sand babysits the egg for for the megapode so that it can just run off and do its own thing. Yeah. Raised by a volcano. But so I thought a great place to start here might be with a brief reading from volusia. It is a famous old norse epic poem from the collection that is known as the Poetic Edda. Now, this is a synonymous work. The author is unknown, but the volusia tells the story of the norse Gods culminating in their destruction in the fiery doom of Ragnarok can I'm just GonNa read a couple of Quad trains here. In Anger Smites, the water of the earth forth from their homes must all men flee nine paces fares the son of Jurgen and slain by the serpent fearless. He sinks the Sun. Turns Black Earth sinks in the see the hot stores down from heaven or world fierce gross. The steam and the life feeding flame till fire leaps high about heaven, itself Nice and one fun thing about this poem. It's bit of Tolkien Trivia Robert Tell me if you've heard this before, but the name of the wizard Gandalf that first appeared in Tolkien's. Tolkien's the Hobbit and then of course, the best character in Lord of the Rings, the name of Gandalf comes from the Veloce token, actually borrowed the name from a section known as the tally of the dwarves from this epic poem. Originally, he was going to apply it to the character in the Hobbit, who became thorn oaken shield the leader of the Dwarf Party. But then he decided later on that, it made more sense to apply the name of Gandalf. The wizard. I think because again, Dal means something like magic staff l.. and. I think he made the right choice like, Gandalf. That makes more sense for the wizard than for Thorin. Think. So but cool thing that happens in this poem sort of part of the RAGNAROK. Myth is that there is a rebirth that follows this fiery doom know after the fire leaps high heaven and the Kingdom of the Gods is destroyed. Earth is not just left in cinders instead, there is a renewal from the fire and the author writes now do I see the earth new Rizal Green from the waves again, the cataracts fall and the Eagle flies and And Fish, he catches beneath the cliffs. So there's this great link between Fiery Cataclysm and rebirth and renewal of life in norse mythology, and and of course, you know these are symbolic elements. I'm not suggesting that they had some kind of scientific insight with this is something that I think is taken as a metaphor largely about human life itself, but coincidentally, it ends up kind of ringing true with things. We're finding out about geology and nature. Well, it's something you see in a lot of different mythological cycles, right I. mean you see it in Hindu mythology? In. Various. American mythologies. Thinking about. Meslin. South America in particular society that things will rise things will fall that there will be cataclysm that whole world will be destroyed, but new worlds will rise out of them and have risen out of them before. Yeah. I was thinking about themes of fiery eruption in the greening of the earth together or sort of a creator destroyer duality. One that came to my mind that that I thought, you might know something about because I know I've heard you talk about Hawaiian mythology before was the Palay myth. Yeah. Yeah. The Hawaiian got his Palay is an interesting example, a deity of fire and Volkan Ism I was reading a book titled Pay Volcano Goddess. Goddess of Hawaii by H are low nemo, and he points out that when Polynesian voyagers I arrived in Hawaii, they brought their gods with
Our Place in Space
"Hello and welcome to misinformation, a Trivia podcasts for ladies and gents who have cooled Trivia and sticking it to join teams at pub quiz where your hosts I'm Lauren in I'm Julia Hey Schule hi, Laurin. We are just were like cranking through some episodes lately. We've been like recording a bunch of Italian. This is our. This is our finishing episode for this recording. And I figured you know what? We haven't touched on space in a while you know. I did that long series about dads and space. Aged MOMS Mason to the mission to Mars like I'm going to go back. To back to the beginning, WE'RE GONNA go back to the beginning, and even though you fear it, even though I fear it. It's like you know like that's why they why women love stories about serial killers, because ultimately we are the ones who will probably be murdered by a serial killer, just like statistically, so you have to face that fear and somehow love it. Together hair your brain. Get to know your enemy. Know your enemy exactly you gotTa. Know your enemy, so my enemy is space. I am at a constant battle with space and I know I'll lose on. Aren't we all time and space so today? I've decided to go back to the beginning. Go get like some elementary level info and today. We're GONNA. Talk about the solar system. Did you build a model for this sir, Oh, no, I should have model. Scrap. Is Episode Comeback When you alcon back? Steve has a model. He'll make a full like. One of those rotating. Oh, yeah, own. An oratory. Ory himself. He's GonNa. He's GonNa. WanNa. Make an ordinary, so you're welcome. Yeah, thanks! It's going to be my whole upstairs anyway. So just as an FYI, I I will not be touching on earth because we live here. You know what earth is A. And also I've already done an episode on Mars. So we'll just be doing the rest of the solar system to. Be going in order. To begin with. What is the solar system? The planetary system we call home is located in outer spiral arm of the Milky Way Galaxy. That's our neighborhood. Our solar system consists of our star. The Sun and everything bound to it by gravity. The planets mercury Venus, Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus and Neptune as well as dwarf planets, such as Pluto dozens of moons and millions of asteroids, comets and meteoroid. The solar system also includes the Kuyper belt that lies past Neptune's orbit, which way back there. This is a sparsely occupied ring of bodies, almost all smaller than the most popular Kuyper. Bell Object, which is Dorf Planet Pluto and we will talk about him in a minute. The most popular, the most popular of the Kuyper belt objects. So beyond the fringes of the Kuyper belt is the or cloud. This junk, yes, the worked cloud over RT cloud. This giant spherical shell surrounds our solar system like a big old bubble. And it has never been directly observed, but its existence is predicted based on mathematical models and observations comments that likely originate from there. So. The or cloud is made of icy pieces of space debris, the sizes of mountains and sometimes larger orbiting our son as far as one point six light years away. This shell of material is thick extending from five thousand astronomical units to one hundred thousand astronomical units, so an astronomical unit just for Reference One Astronomical Unit or AU is the distance from the sun to the earth. And that is about ninety three million miles or one hundred and fifty million kilometers. So one astronomical unit is ninety three million miles so. The ORT cloud is anywhere from five thousand, two hundred thousand astronomical units, so it's enormous. God I. Don't think about okay. The ordered cloud is also the boundary of the Sun's Gravitational influence where orbiting objects can turn around and return closer to our son. So that's that's the extent of how far the sun's gravity pull. Goes, to. The Sun's helium fear doesn't extend quite as far so that's like how far the light can travel from the sun. healers the bubble created by the solar wind, which is a stream of electrically charged gas, blowing outward from the sun in all directions, so it's like the soup that the sun is like floating that creates. The boundary where the solar wind is abruptly slowed by pressure from interstellar gases is called the termination shock, so it's like the edge of the bubble. Okay where it crosses into it. this edge occurs between eighty one hundred astronomical units, so that's the outer boundary of the Helius fear. And I've mentioned this before, but to NASA, spacecraft launched in seventy seven have crossed the termination shock, voyager, one and two thousand four in Voyager, two in two thousand seven. for more on that checkout episodes thirty five moms and space for the voyager program. It's good.
Every Moon, Ranked
"Too small notes before we hit you with some hot moon takes one. Obviously we're not talking about all one hundred fifty eight moons. We picked a handful from the top ten and then we'll do a lightning round on some others. All of these bodies meet the technical definition of Moon meaning they orbit an asteroid or planet not the Sun Second Note. Jennifer's list also includes a few of what NASA calls provisional moons. These are bodies that are kind of let's say unofficial maybe haven't been studied that well or confirmed yet. Yeah and so I wanna add that the scientists that I spoke to. They said that they're probably way more. Moons out there that we haven't even discovered yet well so cool okay all right so number ten on your list. Diddy moon yet. That how I say where is did he moon So did he moon. It's not circling a planet. It is actually circling an asteroid wall. It is very tiny. It's about five hundred twenty four feet in diameter and it's orbiting The Asteroid Diddy Moss in. It's it's kind of part of a very cool future NASA mission right. Yes so did he. Moon is part of a really important mission. The item mission and the item mission is like this. 'cause MIK dress rehearsal. Basically NASA wants to send a spacecraft to slam into Diddy Moon. And knock it off course now. I know you're thinking it sounds pretty familiar. And yes. It is essentially the plot of Armageddon Shiny. But it's a really really important mission in. It's going to help us. Test one of the ways that we think we might be able to potentially deflect a hazardous object that might be hurdling towards earth. So cool okay. Number six called by one expert you talk to the most underrated moon. In the solar system orbiting Jupiter Ganymede. Ganymede Ganymede is such a fascinating world. Ganymede is the largest moon in our solar system. It's actually larger than mercury. Ganymede is also the only moon that we've known to have a magnetosphere cool earth has a magnetosphere and it's essentially this covering this kind of magnetic shell that we have of charged particles and what it does is it actually protects us from harmful radiation. So there's tons of radiation that's generated by the sun and from interstellar space and that magnetosphere protects us. It's potentially allowed life to form. Can I tell you that I am horrified to report that I thought Ganymede was a made up? Moon Sci fi show the expanse oh yes farm on Ganymede and I'm like Oh that's a fun made up plays. I love that shout to the expanse. It's a great show. Yeah Gimme that is just so fascinating. So number four on your list orbiting Neptune Triton. Yes the training is an absolute misfit. First of all I will say it looks just like a cantaloupe. If you look at the picture was ranked keep going. I mean that is of course the important feature but really what's cool about Triton is that it's essentially this kind of Pluto sized objects that we believe has been captured by Neptune and now orbits the planet And temperatures on Triton. And we we know this. Thanks to the. Voyager two spacecraft but temperatures on Triton have dipped as low as minus three hundred ninety one degrees Fahrenheit super cold. Nope no thanks. No but it's partially because it's got like this ice covered surface right. And that reflects a ton of the light that it receives is that it's fine. Yeah absolutely. That's that's another really weird thing about Tritan. It has what's called an incredibly high Albedo. So that's basically a measurement of how much light a body reflects and Triton's is actually really high. It reflects about seventy percent of the sunlight. It receives. I'm like in Triton. I'm going to be honest with you. Got a good at it. But I'm like Triton right now all right okay time for the top three Jennifer. Are you prepared? I think so. Bronze-medal orbiting Saturn Moon that contains the big four ingredients for life. Hydrogen Carbon Nitrogen and oxygen enceladus. Yes so enceladus is an absolutely fascinating moon so the Cassini mission when it arrived to observe Saturn's moons it noticed that there were spewing out of enceladus so they actually took a detour and had Cassini swing through those jets to collect samples of that Liquid into turned out to be liquid water right. I remember when that happened. That was wild. That was like a big deal. Yes absolutely and so it really spurred a lot of interest in enceladus of course we love Europa but enceladus really this kind of new and exciting moon and as you mentioned it has the big four ingredients for life. That's really just an incredible sign that this might be one of the places where we find life okay number two on the list orbiting Jupiter. Lot of okay knows and some lightning I. Oh yes so. I will admit that I have some volcanic bias. I really love volcanoes. Thank you for disclosing that conflict of Interest Jennifer. I have to be. I have to be honest. I'm anyone who knows me knows that. I absolutely love volcanoes so naturally I o which is the most volcanically active body in our solar system would have to take second. There are over four hundred volcanoes on the surface of I O and they spew jets of lava hundreds of miles into space. It's really incredible. Okay so this is. The wildest thing about Iot to me is that I. A- can generate like an electric current yes so of all of the gala land moons of Jupiter is actually the closest to Jupiter and so it sweeps through its magnetic field and that causes it to create this electric current and can generate as much as three million amperes and actually this jolt of electricity is then shot back to Jupiter and it creates lightning in the planet's upper atmosphere. I mean that's cooler than the volcanoes. Some some people would say that. Yes okay your number one moon Jennifer orbiting Saturn a moon. I could walk on with potentially nothing. More than an Oxygen Mask Titan. Yeah so titan actually is the only other place that we've observed so far that has a thick substantial atmosphere so our atmosphere of course is critical for life here. On Earth and tighten it has a similar has a sort of similar atmosphere. It's also mostly composed of nitrogen but the second most common gas. Indie atmosphere is actually methane. So right so instead of like us. Having oxygen the next most abundant compound in that moons atmosphere. In Titan's atmosphere is methane. Yeah absolutely and you think about Earth. We have a water on earth we have all three phases of water on our southern liquid and gas and ice but on Titan you have liquid methane on the surface which is really really incredible. It's the only other body in the solar system that we've observed to have liquid on its surface and these are rivers and lakes and seas of methane.
Voyager 2 spacecraft is going solo for the next 11 months
"Case this is more related to NASA Boeing starliner spacecraft will not be carrying astronauts anytime soon after a test flight two months ago NASA is conducting an investigation into faulty aspects of the spacecraft the test flight ended early after quote a potentially catastrophic software error W. vero NASA's associate administrator for human exploration and mission operations told reporters quote we could have lost a spacecraft twice during this mission so clearly this was a close call Mastin that's investigation calls for Boeing to make sixty one corrective action actions toward the starliner in up to close up to forty nine gaps in their testing for Caesar procedure NASA plans to him embed their own software experts into Boeing's team to oversee the work the next test mission for the starliner is likely to be months away and then there's more news with the seven three seven and F. A. A. but this time it's with the seven three seven Mexican Gressel committee says Boeing's culture of concealment and poor federal oversight contributed to the two seven three seven Max crashes car radios Diane do th Wyler has more details the house transportation committee's preliminary report indicates more than one thing went wrong in the two crashes that killed three hundred and forty six people but the new flight control system does appear to have played a key role it pushed the plane's nose is down after faulty sensor readings the report goes on to say Boeing downplayed how critical the seven thirty seven Max flight control system is for the plane safety additionally it states Boeing had undue influence over the Federal Aviation Administration and that FAA managers rejected seven thirty seven Max safety issues raised by their own
Johann Sebastian Bach 1: About Johann Sebastian Bach
"One of your parents doctor or lawyer and maybe as far back as they can remember everyone in their family has gone into the same profession while that's how it was with the Bach family all of them were musicians Johann. That's German for John. Sebastian Bach was born in sixteen eighty. Five in the German town of is enough. His father was the official town musician. There by the time was ten. Both his parents had died so he went to live with his older brother. Who was also a musician? Of course Johann Sebastian. Bach turned out to have very fleet fingers. He played a mean violin and by the time he was eighteen. He had a job as an organist. Bach held three main jobs over the course of his life. You can tell where he was working by. What kind of music? He wrote the first box. Big Jobs was official. Court organist for the Duke of Weimar so a lot of box great organ. Music comes from early on in his career. That Weimar job also had box serving as concert master. The head Honcho violinist of the Duke's orchestra when the Duke of Weimar decided not to make him conductor of the Orchestra. Bach was pretty unhappy. Then a visiting prince offered a job directing his orchestra but when Bach tried to quit his job in Weimar. The dukes said no way he even threw in jail for a month to try and make its point but it didn't work when Bach got out of jail. He headed straight to the town of curtain to work for the prince the prince had a wonderful orchestra so Bach wrote lots of instrumental music. While he was in curtain eventually balk moved onto his last job at the Saint. Thomas Lutheran Church. In the city of Leipzig. His title was cantor. That's what they called the choir and music director and it was a huge job box trained singers organized music for several churches in town and for the University of Leipzig and he composed new music every week for services at the Saint Thomas Church most of Bach's great choral music was written in Leipzig the choir at the Saint Thomas. Church still performs box music every week. One of the coolest things I ever got to do was sit in the church where Bach worked and listen to the choir sing. His music while Bach was alive. No one outside the towns in Germany where he worked had heard of him and people thought of him as just another working musician after he died people pretty much forgot about him until a century later when another composer Felix Mendelssohn dug out some of Bach's music and performed it after that the whole world recognized what a genius had been and Faulk may even be recognized beyond this world in nineteen seventy seven scientists sent the unmanned voyager spacecraft off to explore the galaxy. They put examples of the best that planet Earth had to offer on board and one of those examples was a recording of Johann Sebastian box. Brandenburg Concerto number.
Jason Brown on Automating Your Financial Life
"Hello and welcome. I'm nick and this is moving up a podcast about secrets to success. Struggles along the way in life in general then the pod Jason Brown down the CO founder and CEO Tally. If you don't know a tally is that oh man. You're really going to enjoy hearing this conversation but quickly. The gist is that it's an automated finance platform. That can do some pretty incredible things and really just hearing Jason Talk about what the future of consumer finances is so intriguing rigging okay. That's all for me. Let's get into the conversation with Jason Jason Slocum. Welcome to the PODCAST. Thanks for having me. We're we're in this weird room at money twenty twenty. I'm glad you found it. Three or six is nice and quiet so all we got that and I just mistakenly said you were an la guy. But your San Francisco are you. Are you from San Francisco. Is that what you grew up. I grew up in a little ski town in Colorado called Breckenridge who grew up in Brook Park City. Oh No kidding I actually prefer park city to Breckenridge so Nothing to complain about Breckenridge but it's a lot a lot faster to get to park city. So that's what proxy has going all the places in Colorado and Sun Valley in Miami and stuff are prettier than park city because they're more remote but easy to get to it is records is a cuter town though. Oh Yeah I mean. That's everything about the Callao towns prettier better everything. Actually all has is the easy to get to. Oh well has more than that but for the I was a good to talk to another mountain. Did we actually have a long comment. I've actually had several not several zero but like three or four other people on the podcast that we uncovered the same thing. Then like you're kind of bonded actually one of the five founders. FACEBOOK Grew up in Sun Valley located. No kidding wow were you on the scheme in high school and I mean pre high school I would ask and then I'm sure with you. It's going to be really serious about school or are you. It sounds like you guys have a winner school. We can go to school all summer. Long have the winter or summer. We did not but I think in steamboat. They did. That's where a lot of Olympians came from but one of the one of the guys on my ski team I went to the Olympic. So it was it was it was still pretty Hardcore data is awesome dickey missing. Yeah I did but it was cross country so proper entry. Yeah freestyle cross-country. It's the it's the kind of skiing you see in the Olympics where they're like skating That was okay see. I don't I don't know anyone that in proxy that that does that kind of scheme. Yeah it was. It was the kids because you have to wear SPANDEX. I love it and of course sucks. Thank you these tally. Sorry for those of you. That are listening if you If you download the tally APP which is fully automated manager. The core experience is the home screaming. And it's actually really a picture of a person sitting drinking coffee with their feet on the table and I wearing socks going no sock. Yeah wearing these socks and so we We've built An automated platform that can do financial thinking financial work for you and we have to financial jobs. We do Which is have my credit card debt and then set money aside for me so are are kind of ethos? Is We set very high bar for what automation means. It's not recommendations it's not advice. It's actually doing the thinking and the work so so that you can have your feet on the table. So everybody at tally. When you join you get you? Get a pair of tally sucks. I love it and we got into a little bit of of of tally there. But like let's let's start earlier in the background. Like where do you up in cool. Ski Town Kid You WanNa like go to a big city for college like I want to do. What's going through your mind? Will it was for me. Actually I had always wanted to be an entrepreneur actually I've a little flyer that my mom saved. She showed me a couple years ago but I went door to door offering would stacking and poop scooping services when I was nine and actually when I was a freshman in college I started my first company which I ended up growing to four hundred employees dot. I built a one of the largest residential house painting companies in Massachusetts so I actually moved moved to To Boston to start this company. Anthony as a teenager and that company got acquired and I built a a couple of other companies thereafter. So I've just always been in love with the idea of You know taking an idea that you're passionate about from scratch and turning it into something and At least for me tally is the thing that's been closest to my heart. Because growing up there was just a lot of There's a lot of anxiety in our household around money and my mom in particular. Is this really dynamic eccentric. SMART person she works. It's really hard. Runs her own business and despite all of that She just there's just a lot of A lot of financial financial stress and she really hasn't been able to reach Chennai ever financial goals. So I was just like man. I want to build a service. That's capable of taking the load off of people and allow them to live their lives lives and so my mom. She's an exercise and she's a Ravi again. It's like you do all that okay and we're GONNA pay all your bills and manage everything for you just like if you had like a team of five. I people working for you and I want to build that into software so that we cannot take take all that All that off of off of the human experience plate and allow people to just do what they love right so this is an interesting kind of play. I always get to it so you grew up in an entrepreneurial family like this was instilled in you from from day one it was never. I'M GONNA go work for some big bank or something you know any my parents were Were Very Encouraging that we we should charter on path. And Actually I was home schooled for the first All the way through sixth grade and end you know I mean even my mom. She's like. Hey what do you Wanna learn and I was like well. I WANNA learn about taxidermy. She's like okay so she went through the yellow pages and cold. Called taxidermists is and found one that would let us camp out in their workshop for a a week or so and like we'd go there and you learn about the taxidermy business in all the chemicals they use and everything things so it was just this idea of. Hey the world is your oyster. You just have to be willing to go you know make phone call or knock on the door and go explore and you can learn anything. You want You just have to be willing to go after it so Feel really really fortunate. It's really empowering way to to educate here's some crappy don't Wanna learn learn it memorize. Yeah like learns actually care about exactly and it's just that that intrinsic motivation. My parents were always. It was all about curiosity and chasing your curiosity so for me. I was never at a point where I dreaded school like I always like. I couldn't wait to go to school like me when I hear my friends talking about. Like the next game of thrones. I haven't watched that here. It's over but when they were talking about the next episode that excitement and anticipation. That's kind of what I felt going to school because I was like. What am I gonNA learn? And what new ideas am I gonNA the House. Oh yeah that was definitely thanks to my parents okay. So then. What's the start of this of this house painting company? Yeah it was just I mean when you're eighteen years old old end Wanting to start a business I was like. Hey I want to do something. That will require a lot of employees because I really wanted to learn about leadership and I wanted to learn about on just like the actual people side of running a business and so that seemed like an accessible thing for me and the first year I had about Fifty employees and then ended up going from there to About four hundred when I sold the company and honestly I mean I I did eventually get an NBA from University of Chicago. But I learned more in those couple years running house painting business than I. I haven't any other point in my life and just just a complete crash course in you. Know recruiting in hiring firing managing on challenging situations on creating a management structure. All all of that was It was just this really really stressful. Suppose the most stressful point in my life but it was the place where I got A. I don't know if you've heard of the ten thousand arose but I I got a good chunk of my ten thousand hours of of building. It managing a company in the in College Shar so you started it in Colorado or Massachusetts in Massachusetts so I ended up going to school Boston University and I went the two classes at Bu but other than that. I was working the entire time. So I don't know a single person from view at least that did you graduate. I did I'm a buckner so I I graduated highest honors but literally. I'd be sitting in the back. I'd have my laptop open. I'm like sending emails like dealing with issues. And then I'd have my notebook on the other side taking notes so it was a very multitasking signs. Do you regret that. I do not I did go to business school for the reason that I wanted in intellectual vacation and when I was in business school I really enjoyed myself. I worked at a venture capital firm. I wanted to. I thought for a little bit I wanted to be a VC. But I realized that. I'm an operator Raider. But I took like a machine learning courses like I just went like super deep in finance and I just had a blast in college or I'm sorry and business school so I made up a little little bit for the sacrifice. Is The path Painting Company Sell Painting Company business. School no I started a new company after the painting company when I graduated. And we It's called Bass Dot Com and We ended up Boo Shopping the company. All the way till seven years in The only money we took was twenty twenty million for maybe S. capital partners after it was already very successful and You know kind of more to the private equity stage but we actually actually wrote our own screen sharing software so this was way way back in the day and what our vision was is that you know. This was in the birth of spyware and like people's computers were constantly having issues so he said we want to have a PC care subscription service so that any normal consumer Ken Press a button and have remote tech support instantly without having to talk anybody and then every quarter. Our our technicians would remote into the computer and maintain it to prevent issues like changing oil in the car. And so that was our our brain child right out of college in down built that up and then I was like. Hey you know what I. It's been a lot of hard work. I WANNA go take this vacation Chicago and it was. It was wonderful two years. That's actually where I met my co-founder from next to company so awesome and so you said you intern. During between years one and two the I did YEP in Chicago. Ah note was in Silicon Valley so there's a A Pacific Northwest Venture capital firm. They do a series they investing called Voyager capital and. I actually really was just supposed to intern. But they kept. Were having me look at deals and do work when I went back to Chicago. Yeah so it really taught me a lot. I learned a lot about fundraising and how bad most pitchers are. I learned how painful it is to be on that side of the table when pitches a really bad And I also learned that. It's I mean no offense to anybody who is a V. V. C. but it's a very passive sort of world you're like you're trying to identify and pick value creators but you're not like creating value yourself in for for at least my disposition. I just love
An Introduction to Star Trek: Picard
"We're GonNa talk about everything we know about the card series to date and talk a little bit about Picard the character and provide even a little primer as far as if you want to go back in and reacquaint yourself with the character we can give view a few episodes to pick from and of course if you have? CBS All access. You have access to the full star Trek Universe at least as far as the small screen green is concerned. And I'm really loving the chance to get back in here and revisit some of this show that I haven't watched it's probably been ten years since my last. Tng Oh gee rewatch so. It's nice to have it fresh in my mind. Yeah so just to clarify busy. I mean this will be the first of a few prepaid card a podcast. We're doing I would say people looking for speculation as to you know who are these new characters were seeing. What do the trailer show? I think it's safe to say we'll probably touch upon it but I think it'd be better. It'd be covered in its own separate pot castle in a couple of weeks. This is more so podcast for like. Hey Do you know who John Luc Picard is. Do you remember win. Romulus was destroyed. Who the hell seven of nine this is? Sort of like a cannon catch up to get people either reacquainted or caught up for the first time with what exactly these characters are bringing that we know of before we move forward with characters old and new I guess to start I mean before we even get into anything with with what we know of Joel mccower and the characters around him he jesse talked about manifesting. This so what are your thoughts when you initially found out because there are obviously rumblings blinks about it Patrick Stewart announced. I think in Vegas a couple years ago that it was a thing. We got trailers over the course of twenty nineteen. So what did you think about this actually becoming a reality Eh. Well this is like every fan's dream I think there's nobody out there that puts picard at the bottom of their captain rankings. Out He is. The most is the most fun I think the most layered of the captains the I think he's definitely the captain where there's the most territory left to explore. And and I think the place we left him was so tantalizing like whichever playing you WANNA say. We really left him on whether it's the future. Richard Echoes that we saw in the final episode of Star Trek Next Generation. Or whether it's where we left off in the last movie back in two thousand and two and and Mike I know you were in kindergarten or something so you may not be that I. I was in seventh grade. Thank you very much definitely not in the mood to sit down for two hour long star Trek movies at that point but you know uh not not a not a little bit of a baby in the bork incubator. A little bit more of an adolescent. That's an all right. All right fair enough. You knew the Star Trek existed in was a thing exactly. Yeah and I would say that at that point. That was also so what that was when we were nearing the end. I think we're already a couple years removed from the D. S. nine voyager double feature creature feature so ah it definitely was like star. Trek was in the atmosphere but considering that I was born during season three of next generation I can't say that Picard. Even from Star Trek Perspective was top of mind for my twelve year old brain. It's true and I think twelve is probably also the wrong age to start formulating your final star trek opinions. Even if you do grow up with it. Yeah that's very true unless maybe if you place my memory in a satellite that allows it to live out for the next thirty five years really formulate my thoughts on him. Yeah Yeah Well I love I love it. We when they play fast and loose with the human consciousness as we'll talk about when we start breaking down some of our favorite card episodes I think that will it became apparent. Yeah I mean this. I can't believe we're talking about. There's like this is crazy because not only is this a star Trek nerds dream come true but it also at least from what I had heard for a while Patrick Stewart got to the point. Where like he was didn't even want to acknowledge Picard? Like there was a rumor. I I think in Hollywood that like. Hey if you're working with Patrick Stewart on a project don't mention John Luc Picard of the next generation. Because he won't be happy with it. I think for a while he felt like actually actually bit contrary to your point. He felt like his character's journey had come to an end. He felt that book was closed. But I guess he's been giving interviews obviously in the past year and he said that getting to experience how much the next generation specifically meant to a hole for lack of a better term generation of people. I think touch them in a way that made him genuinely want to revisit the character which makes me happy and from what I've seen in terms of all the preseason press he's been doing he seems to just be having the time of his life life which makes me very happy. It's not necessarily dragging Harrison Ford onto the set of the force awakens. And you know making him go through the motions again. This is someone who is genuinely invested. Did in going back to the character are living in an era of peak nostalgia. I feel like everything is a reboot of everything nowadays Yeah I think. I think you're right about Patrick. Stewart kind of wanting to distance himself from card for a very long time and I think even at the point when he began playing card. I think I think the character played by Alan Rickman and Galaxy Quest. We all agree. That is kind of making fun of Patrick Stewart to some. Yeah even though he's supposed to be I think the science it's officers. so He's more of like the spock or type. I think the fact that this is this like like you said this. This master Thespian. WHO's been beleaguered to have to give off all of these over the top lines and also SCIENC- terms that don't make a lot of sense and repetition? That's just been what we all imagined. Jamais Patrick Stewart was thinking through. So yeah I mean it's very clear. What sort of his perspective isn't that also reflected in the character as well? We'll get a bit into it but obviously popcorn a huge departure from a captain like Kirk who had experience from the original series. And I think that's very very much due not just the different natures of William Shatner and Patrick Stewart in terms of the way they just sort of compose themselves. I think it's also it's a difference between tween how seriously the show took itself because I think star trek the original series probably didn't necessarily take itself super seriously as it was being formulated plated. It's very imaginative. Show to be sure but I think there's there's always like a little bit of self awareness and then I remember I was very young when Star Trek the next generation premiered and I remember being struck by you know little eight year old me watching this show thinking this takes itself much more seriously and it's kind of. It's a double edged sword because I think next generation was able to explore some themes that original series series star Trek attempted to certainly was groundbreaking for its time. But there's a lot more gravitas especially the early season episodes episodes where they're really trying to feel out exactly how serious they could be in the swing in the wrong direction a few times and I think you get you get this starship led by this very serious captain at times like I think picard strikes me as someone who's he's much more even tempered and he takes his position position like he's having a lot less fun in the very beginning at least yeah. It's sort of like this is a very loose sketch. But he served the bird to Kirk Ernie right where he definitely seems to be a bit more like fun free shirl ago sleep with some Orion women and look we'll definitely get into some adventures that picard had both romantically frantically and otherwise. But I totally agree with you. He walked in like vary by the books. He's very good. There's a reason why he has a maneuver named dafter him when he had with the previous starship that he had worked for but he seems someone who like you said was a very sobering presence and I think that really you not only set the tone for the ship but also for the show
"voyager" Discussed on KSFO-AM
"Twenty twenty Chrysler Voyager Voyager mini van one a five star rating from NHTSA and you can read an article about Ford making their new hybrid SUVs noisier yes with an when we talk about this for years because I kind of made fun of it some years ago that you know they're there if I have written there so quiet there so peaceful to drive same thing with our electrics you know just hit a little bit of the winds then it's just wonderful but now they're gonna have to no he's in case they are people who have I. issues blind people primarily well or just basically pedestrians that might not hear a car or are looking down at the file all really yeah I think that had to happen I think so so we'll see I'm interested here I I would like I would like to have my choice of the noises yeah you know I mean you don't want to sound like a rain for art and then I think a machine down the sound would be reasonably effective about or for our a wide open yeah yeah big German shepherd Cheryl receded California Cheryl I love receded California what a beautiful beautiful place question about well I have to get out well there was a hundred thousand miles but I want something I want to get something that they will be better and I told how does this year the hybrid next year and your card I want to make sure this never happens what does a black and right I don't know your friends are which is better right it would be better deal that better.
Live at Amazon Re:MARS Interview with Tom Soderstrom, Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)
"Here at the Amazon remorse conference which is going on between June third and seventh in Las Vegas two thousand nine hundred and that is and for those who they're not aware of the Mars conference it actually stands for machine learning automation robotics and space of course being focused on artificial intelligence and it's broad applications focused on those first three letters mostly machine learning mation and robotics components and as part of that we are thrilled and excited to have today as our special guest Tom Sodas trump who is the chief technology and innovation officer at NASA jet potion laboratory hi Tom Thank you so much for joining us on the podcast today well thank you for having me this is a true pleasure and an honor yeah thank you so much for joining us today we'd like to start by having introduce yourself to our listeners and tell them a bit about your background and your current role at NASA my role is really to try to predict the future and in future today so it's really if you can we've created an innovation experience center where we go into this room to experience the future today and with that is all about is trying to understand what technology waves are ready to be served and which ones are worthy to be surfed and if we serve them can we have an impact to JPL NASA and really any enterprise and we're from California so were surfer dudes that's our metaphor yeah as a matter of fact yeah we heard you give a talk at the Keno on Wednesday here at the conference and for our listeners who were not able to make that show maybe you can give us a little bit of a recap of what you talked about some of the insights that you have at Nasa Jpl certainly the talk title was too Walker Thais Mars and this was playing words Mars in this context means machine learning automation robotics and space and of course we care a lot about the planet Mars so democratizing means two things that means surfing these technology waves that makes it available to people so that's the other part having everyone participate in answering the questions that NASA is answering like is there life in space are we alone if we one day needed to export humanity would we have a place to go and where do the universe comes from where is it going these are big questions that affect all of us and therefore all of that should be involving solving them so democratizing Mars means to make the Algorithms make it available make data available so that future explorers can stand on the shoulders of giants not in years or decades but in minutes and right now as I know that this event is all about machine learning and ai but so in your talk you didn't touch upon that much can you tell our listeners some examples about how Jay is using a I certainly did I gave a few examples of a but very few because the conference is full of really good examples of ai the one I gave was about predictive maintenance so we use today we have satellites around Earth and in deep space and we want to see if they're about to go wrong so you use machine learning and take the previous tracks or orbits US training data and then we now take the actual data as news around machine learning algorithms to see things on wrong if they're going wrong then what we do is we visualize it for the people so that the people are still in the low so we intelligent assistance rather than artificial intelligence. I A rather than and that's been very successful we're finding just about all the anomalies that people found we tested and now some that people didn't find that's great you know we talk about ai as seven patterns of a until predictive analytics is one of them and we do know that NASA is doing a lot of predictive analytics so I appreciate that example that you're with us because we talk about that a lot and I don't think that some of our listeners understand or know just how how much NASA is using predictive analytics so the example with the satellite was great can you talk to us about other ways that you're using it as well so in other one predicted maintenance is so if you think about what NASA and JPL does we track spacecraft in all of our solar system and beyond actually on this sort of system so to do that as the earth rotates you have to have antenna farms that can understand and listen to our spacecraft talk to them wherever this baseball Dr for instance voyager it takes almost forty hours to get a signal out back so the space Antonio that Central Command another antenna will receive well those antennas are in very high demand so you need to understand what maintenance do we need to do so we're using a lot of ai to say what looks like it was going to break we hope you're enjoying this podcast and sorry for the brief interruption Kakinada not only produces the AI podcast listening to right now but we also generate research and advisory to help companies make sense of AI cognitive technologies we also run the most authoritative vendor neutral she learning training and certification on the market if you're looking to make a reality for your organization are a three-day cog lick training is for you if you're interested in attending confined pricing and registration on our website at cognreznick dot com will also provide a link in the show notes we've met many of our podcast listeners in our classes and we hope that we'll see are you there as well now back to the podcast who's going to break we'll use another antenna and take it off line for a little bit and that's one good example that can then be democratized two trains automobiles airplanes cars just as we can learn from their methods to make our machine learning better so I know that you know we talked about some of these applications of around predictive analytics and some of these other things that you're doing at NASA JPL but maybe you could talk about some of the broader things because NASA is involved only in stuff that's orbiting other plans but right here at home as well so maybe you could talk about how he is being applied in space both on other planets and right here orbiting our own perfect why don't we start with home the homeless where the hardest and there's a lot of things happening what we do at NASA is to look at Earth from space and you get a very different perspective so we have a lot of satellites orbiting Earth they take around ninety minutes to get around and for instance one good use case of AI is detect forest fires so they're looking and all of a sudden let's see they see a plume and it looks like a forest fire they can then re target another satellite too zoom in and then trigger the fire department to respond to so that is really about an autonomous swarm of satellites working on the human behalf another one is to take in all of we're sending a lot of satellites out to look at water so we understand the water pattern we understand that the ice melting pattern so we can do machine learning on that and let people know with real data what's happening and neither one is predicting Salamis hurricanes floods droughts all of that it's all about looking at massive amounts of data and analyzing it and looking for patterns and giving you a heads up warning happening so those are some easy if I can say that use cases another one anyway so that's enough about earth for now space so are farthest craft voyager it's about roughly fifteen billion miles away with a B and we have a lot of space craft in between we have spacecraft on Mars awesome Mars is the Mars Curiosity Rover for example is driving a Mars and finds it looks for rocks that we have pre identified it also has a I running on it that is looking for interesting rocks so it has so it finds one of those and it takes naps a picture of it and then if it has enough energy and depending on what else it needs to do then it sends that serves as an intelligent digital assistant to the human to catch the things that we missed so that's one example of
NASA ScienceCast 302: Eye on Neptune
"It is an ice giant planet of monster storms and a recluse rarely seen however on the night of September ninth the planet Neptune will be at opposition their yearly event were earth passes directly between Wayne Neptune and our son Sky watchers and astronomers will take the opportunity to observe this planet that is invisible to the make it I but that scientists ientist would love to see more clearly when it is near opposition. Neptune reaches its highest point in the sky around midnight. This makes evenings in September the best time to grab your telescope or high-powered Benach healers and use the sky chart or sky watching software to view this planet that is thirty times farther from the Sun Than Earth when you find this elusive planet that appears as a mere dot in most amateur telescopes jobs remember that you're actually viewing a planet with a thick atmosphere that is composed of massive amounts of hydrogen and helium with traces of other gases dances that atmosphere surrounds a solid interior of rock and a warm mantle of dense fluid deep beneath the clouds. This is opposition event also comes just after the thirtieth anniversary of the void your two spacecrafts fly by the planet in nineteen eighty nine voyager two provided headed our closest glimpse of Neptune passing about three thousand miles or about five thousand kilometers above its North Pole the pictures voyager to send back gave scientists a new snapshot of weather in the extreme including a dark and violent vortex that look similar to the great red spot brought on Jupiter since then observatories such as the Hubble Space Telescope have given us additional observations of the planet from afar NASA the scientists have learned for instance that unlike Jupiter the Neptune vortex disappears for a time and then similar storms appear later scientists scientists have determined that Neptune has seasons such as those on earth but that these are much longer spanning decades instead of months by studying being the seasons on a continual basis scientists looked to gain a better understanding of the similarities and differences of atmospheres on other planets including in right here on earth so consider taking a look at the ice giant Planet Neptune in September and you'll see why it captures the imagination of so many many scientists and astronomers grab your telescope step outside and enjoy the view
"voyager" Discussed on CarStuff
"I said it was a plymouth voyager rate of somewhere along the way during restoration that plymouth voyager turned into a dodge caravan whoever restored it rebadged it so mad at you've got to remember now plymouth went defunct in the year of two thousand yen on i believe mid mid june are midyear two thousand one uh so somebody made the decision when they're restoring this and i don't know if this is to avoid some uncomfortable you know conversations at the at the uh as muzzy amid you know as as to why you know you'll make plus the plymouth brand any more high that i'm guessing that's it but they changed it over by you don't just making simple changes like badges and the grill in the wheel covers in you know dodged trim is what they added really plymouth voyager so how interesting that it like it is like rewriting history i guess so when you see that first minivan wherever it is now i don't know who owns that are you know where it's where it's been held but um no that that was originally a plymouth voyager from 1984 not a dodge caravan so we're yeah and i think there's one at the smithsonian i don't know if that's the at that may be the first what maybe they donated it to this smithsonian guess of mistaken identity but there is an early 1984 minivan chrysler many than a some sort i don't know if that's the one yet it's in the smithsonian you know the the automation or the transportation museum some asia write them a letter they don't know i don't nobody knows i mean i found the story somewhere else on short on the all par site if you wanna look it up they curator of the smithsonian know what's in there exist i think they have should have a pretty good idea i would think so ben okay so it unless you have other material on the unemploy chrysler minivans are particularly that era minivan i'd like to kind of move onto the modern era and just in brief really like what sure what was the late the last time you were in a minivan and how recent do you think i just ballpark how how like what malaya was.
"voyager" Discussed on Science Friday
"Eight tracked taper quarter on it and all hit a look back with us on four decades is caroline porco planetary scientist former member of the voyager imaging team she joins us a number if she's been on our show number of times welcome to science friday looking better for having me alfatlawi you're welcome i'm i have to say for started that he can't believe we we got everything we did from voyager and those crafts over a recording an a track tape does it have unfilled and blow your mind yes it does we're on my mind and though for me the best thing about this anniversary and to celebration that everyone seems to be making of it is just to have the opportunity to spend some time remembering what we all accomplished so long ago with so very little well let's talk about that set the scene for as what did we know about the outer planets at that time when voyager was conceived in launched and what did we learn well we know as i just said we knew very little and that swept webster so remarkable to m'hidi pure remember uh we even knew very little about youth and saturn i mean we you know we didn't know there how they were structured uh rotation rates at least for saturn were not clear uh composition was an entirely different matter we knew nothing about what oh we were eventually going to find in the wings that saturn uh and then as far as uranus and neptune go that was the hinterlands even in the most powerful telescopes on the earth they would just these fuzzy little dots or at most a little little blog of blue uh and not much else was known maybe we knew a moon or two uh so it was really it was really venturing into uncharted territories and this is what is so.
"voyager" Discussed on Science Friday
"They're still gonna make receive risky decisions um and that is especially the case when teens don't have the that information that i was just mentioning available to them when they're making a decision under ambiguous circumstances uh they're going to be more risky than adults 'cause they're going to want that experience it's are going to be true by cricket academy holler science friday's assistant producer up next to voyager gave us never before seen looks at a theater planets and now it to its in its 40th year can you believe that gush and 19 1989 i was watching neptune all night though to avoid your was going by exploring space beyond the solar system it is the farthest man made object we're going to talk about it right after this break this is science friday i'm ira plato when you think of nastase voyager mission you may i think of the golden record do you remember that that phonograph recording being carried to tell elina agencies who win where we honor or you may think of the 1990 portrait voyager one shot of our entire solar system which carl sagan famously opined all that lootah that's where everyone you know everyone you ever heard of every human being who ever lived lived up their lives the very small stage in a great cosmic arena but voyager also brought us the first close abuse of uranus and neptune showed us spoke features in the rings of saturn and details of jupiter storm that we had never seen before and never imagined voyager image dio is volcanic plumes the potential for life fund enceladus and tighten and voyager is turning forty this year yeah and there are actually two voyager spacecraft drew voyager2 launched an august 20th nineteen 77 voyager one closely behind it on september fifth and voyager one is the most distant manmade object from earth.
"voyager" Discussed on Liftoff
"Each craft carries a copy of the voyager golden record this is a think as far as like a spacecraft from the sixty seven is aid in eighties some of them blend together but the golden records really help voyager again build that legacy their gold plated copper record twelve inches in diameter and they contain sounds and images up selected to portray the diversity of life and culture on earth and the ideas that if these things are ever scooped up at some point in the future by intelligent enough extra terrestrial life or even future humans who may find them i guess the contents can we played back and and tell a story about what earth was like prime of launch an of among the it's funny because chuck berry just died a few weeks ago and yeah i saw several people who i followers scientists point out that johnny b good is on the golden record and so chest burial music will be you know it's far out in space and we'll be traveling far far into space for a long time to come the the contents respected by nasa headed by committee chaired by carl sagan so he he noted that that it was basically launching a bottle into the cosmic ocean and he thought that the contents elected was hopeful about life on this planet and he viewed it as a time capsule right that that no matter what happens on earth these these gold records be hurtling their way through space.
"voyager" Discussed on Liftoff
"Right so so a for voyager pioneer ten flew by jupiter and nineteen seventy three pioneer eleven flew by jupiter and saturn in nineteen seventy four nineteen seventy nine so that's it that's those were our views we had some issues we knew some things but that was all we had to go on in terms of these systems and so voyager we were counting on the voyagers to give us way more detail about jupiter saturn and they did the lake became they came through when it was not until i got lay on casino that we really got even more detail these were the cause those got to live in the systems but these were you talk about economical right if you can fly by two three four planets we want prove that is that pretty awesome even though you can hang around very long so they were making based on very limited observations in the fly bys of the pioneers to get to voyagers the next step so let's talk about the spacecraft a little bit as you alluded to they are identical so it's not like voyager you wanted to have slightly different overlapping skill sets they are they are they are twins each carried eleven instruments you had cameras looking at the infrared spectrum ultraviolet light tools to observe radio signals measure energy foxes and the ability to study i on electron distributions so a bunch of stuff on here over time a these have been turned off when you get to a communications are made with a high gain internet if you see a picture of these things the antenna is is by far the.
"voyager" Discussed on Liftoff
"Seeing a idaho and it's volcanic activity now first time of close all those were were were basically mysteries right there little dots and then voyager introduced us to the moons of jupiter which are so interesting but they they used to just be kind of not that we didn't know as much about them before voyager to discovered urinalysis magnetic field and ten additional moons at the planet and six moods neptune and up to three ring system so stuff that we just couldn't see from our vantage point here on earth for the first time unfolded through the lens of wager void to launch first alec we talked about it was designed is trajectory was designed to fly by four planets voyager one launched a after two but with a shorter and faster trajectory its its mission a big difference here is that voyager one was designed to fly by saturn moon tightened which has a dense atmosphere it is really a world into itself and the idea was get to duplicate saturn say this moon but that of course change voyager one couldn't see uranus neptune it's a to to forget to basically the turn they had a make to get to tighten but out the clip dick and and basically ended its planetary science mission yeah but i i love the foresight here to call the mission's by the number in which the public would receive data.