35 Burst results for "Volcano"

Hawaii's Big Island gets warning as huge volcano rumbles

AP News Radio

00:42 sec | Last month

Hawaii's Big Island gets warning as huge volcano rumbles

"Residents of Hawaii's big island are being warned that the huge mauna loa volcano sending signals that it could erupt I Norman hall Mauna loa is the world's largest active volcano at last erupted in 1984 experts say its inflating with magma there has been a substantial spike in seismic activity in recent weeks It's believed the additional earthquakes are occurring because more magma flowing into mauna loa's summit reservoir system geologist Frank trousdale says big island residents living near vent should be prepared to move within hours others have weeks or months So you have to recognize where you live how quickly lava flows can arrive in your area Makes up 51% of the Hawaii island landmass By Norman hall

Norman Hall Frank Trousdale Hawaii Earthquakes Hawaii Island
"volcano" Discussed on Short Wave

Short Wave

05:03 min | 3 months ago

"volcano" Discussed on Short Wave

"Much stuff are we talking? Well, I had the same question. I called up somebody who does this work. Rebecca Kramer is a geophysicist with the cascades volcano observatory. And she described field work like this. There are stinging nettles. There are tripping hazards, there are just all sorts of things that want to break your ankle. And the batteries that we use for these sites weigh about 70 pounds a piece. And those 70 pound batteries, there can be like ten of them per station. Each station can have as much as 2000 pounds of gear. And it's like a two day hike to get to the site. So it's not practical to hike them in. All right, I see some of the drawbacks to putting up one of these stations. Can one suffice just having one on glacier peak? Well, it's a really good question, and that's one of the points that the conservationists make. But the scientists say it's not enough. It's not high enough resolution because you're looking for something in three dimensional space. You're looking for where these earthquakes are underneath the mountain where they're moving that kind of stuff. And to get a really good picture of what's happening under the earth, you kind of need an array of these things. If you and I are standing on opposite flanks of the volcano. And there's an earthquake. Say you feel it two seconds later. Can you give me a call? And you're like, hey, there's an earthquake. Maybe I don't feel it till ten seconds later. So knowing that it took ten seconds to get to me, you can start to say, okay, well, it couldn't have come from here here, here. We start to narrow down the location. And, you know, we can get a lot of information with three, but four is really what we consider our minimum. So the wilderness act does have some provisions for protecting public safety. And honestly, this is just like a tension that happens all over the place unprotected lands. This tradeoff between science and conservation. And so in this case, it just comes down to whether the data about what's happening underground is worth the marks that you leave up above ground. And John Major, that volcanologist says those marks are pretty light. We're very sensitive to the fact that we're putting some of this instrumentation in areas that people consider sacred. But the impact that we have on the wilderness is really very small. So they kind of won their case because just this summer, the forest service finally approved the application to add these four monitors to glacier peak. So next summer, the hike in still, the choppers just bring gear. They'll get to work. And it sounds like they stand to learn a lot. Just going back to the volcano chatter you mentioned at the beginning, I love that metaphor, how each volcano kind of has its own way of speaking. This is going to be like one big wiretap on glacier peaks, gossip. Yeah, totally, totally. And how does this affect how you feel about Mount Rainier, just knowing this science is in motion? You know, it does comfort me in some way that these things aren't just like black boxes that are totally unpredictable. I mean, I like to think about learning their language. Rebecca Kramer, the field scientists that I talked to. She said that for her there's just something visceral about these gigantic forces that are at work just below the surface. How just massive compared to anything we can comprehend. And yet, we have tools that let us start to get a picture of it. And so we get these windows into this huge planet under our feet and all its crazy processes and it becomes less terrifying and more beautiful. Gabriel, thank you so much for bringing us this reporting and telling us about the volcanos in your backyard. Very much my pleasure, Italy. And for you short waiver, keep checking your feed every Friday this summer for more stories about science and public lands. And you can see pictures of glacier peak from this episode at our website at NPR dot org. This volcanic explosion was produced by burleigh McCoy, edited by Rebecca Ramirez, and fact checked by Rachel Carlson. The audio engineer was Natasha branch. Gisele Grayson is our senior supervising

Rebecca Kramer cascades volcano observatory earthquake nettles glacier peak John Major Mount Rainier Gabriel burleigh McCoy Italy Rebecca Ramirez NPR Rachel Carlson Natasha branch Gisele Grayson
Anne Heche dies of crash injuries after life support removed

AP News Radio

00:52 sec | 3 months ago

Anne Heche dies of crash injuries after life support removed

"Emmy winning film and TV actor and heche died Sunday following a car crash on August 5th Heche first came to prominence on the NBC soap opera another world from 1987 to 1991 winning a Daytime Emmy Award In 1997 alone she was in the movie's Donnie brasco and volcano and was part of the ensemble cast in the original I know what you did last summer in 2000 following a breakup with Ellen DeGeneres Haitian experienced a very public breakdown in later spoke candidly about her mental health struggles She joked about her own checkered past with relationships as she talked about playing a life coach in the TV dramedy men in trees Clearly I have never had a life coach You know I stumbled through and made so many mistakes I'm pretty good with where I am Heche was 53 I'm Donna water

Heche Emmy Donnie Brasco Emmy Award NBC Ellen Degeneres Donna
Mike Lindell Is on a Mission to Halt Voting Machine Usage

The Eric Metaxas Show

01:51 min | 4 months ago

Mike Lindell Is on a Mission to Halt Voting Machine Usage

"You're just sharing a volcano of information as you normally do. But I go around the country and people, you know, like me, I guess, you know, they're hopeful because they want to see America saved. They want to see this back on track as an actually free country where we the people get to decide. But it's hard for some people not to be cynical or at least a little bit depressed about whether we're going to get through this because if you watched 2000 mules, if you've been tracking all this stuff, you've been doing, you think, when are we going to kind of get to the bottom of it? When is something going to be done? What is your sense of what is possible for us to do with this kind of stuff? Well, I'll tell you where we're at if we don't get rid of all the machines. It's over forever. We're just, it's done. It's done. We never get your country back because like other countries where they've had machines once the bad people get in power. And with these machines and electronics, they're never going to vote them out. Therefore, it's you're stuck. Like your Venezuela is your Australia as your Canada. It's over. Well, now here we have great things, so because there's a couple of things. One is the sheriffs and the judges. Let's just combine them too. You brought up 2000 meals. I was just in Las Vegas and we had a sheriff's association meeting with all the sheriffs and we got the word out to all the show. What they can do. A lot of the things when we have our summit on August 20th and 21st is educating the whole world in the United States and educator, what can be done and what we are doing. The sheriffs have so much power in their counties. They can prosecute and they go, well, like the Racine county sheriff in Wisconsin. He proud screw went after them, but once again, the judges shut it down. And this is, this was over a year ago.

America Venezuela Australia Canada Las Vegas Racine County Wisconsin
U.S. tourist trying to take selfie falls into crater of Mount Vesuvius

AP News Radio

00:53 sec | 4 months ago

U.S. tourist trying to take selfie falls into crater of Mount Vesuvius

"An American tourist has had to be rescued on Mount Vesuvius near Naples after he apparently slipped into the Italian volcano's crater while trying to recover his fallen cell phone Authorities say the tourist and family members had gone off the authorized path to get closer to the crater on Saturday afternoon a apparently to take a selfie for volcano guides had responded quickly after one notice the tourists had fallen into the crater and was in serious difficulty They lowered a rope 50 feet down pulled the tourist out and provided initial first aid part police then arrived and brought the American to the police station to file the complaint Mount Vesuvius which erupted in AD 79 and devastated the nearby town of Pompeii is a popular spot for hiking

Italian Volcano Mount Vesuvius Naples Pompeii
Three Takeaways From the June 14 Primary Elections

The Dan Bongino Show

01:57 min | 5 months ago

Three Takeaways From the June 14 Primary Elections

"So last night I'm going into my three takeaways from the show From the election excuse me last night My three big takeaways opening segment was about takeaway number one how to handle the Trump endorsement or or the lack thereof Again don't lose your mind Don't do an Adam kinzinger at least Cheney Adam kinzinger again attacking the capitol police has worked today and the guy's just disgusting I mean he's just a chump in a coward Kensinger Cheney just as bad just awful people Don't lose your mind Take the Nancy mace kem approach and say I wish I got the endorsement I didn't I support the Trump agenda was and maybe going forward and that's how you stay and stay in office It's really that simple Take away number two The most important one The earthquake last night sent through the Democrats long-term election strategery is hard to explain to you It's hard to explain in words how important this is You know I was saying earlier in the podcast how I remember in these anthropology evolutionary biology kind of courses right I used to take that I love There was this concept of punctuated equilibrium not to get too deep in the weeds because I don't remember the weeds that well myself I just remember being fascinated by this It's this idea that species evolve gradually and gradually over time and you can see it in a fossil record right As you dig and dig and dig And then all of a sudden boom Some crazy event happens whatever A volcano explodes a Krakatoa like event and asteroid or a comet hits earth And next thing you know you see this massive change in species It's like this Ellie from that movie deep impact and extinction level event And it changes everything The species changed the composition of life on earth changes Now little dramatic that example but I'm telling you what's happening right now with the Hispanic voters You got it With the Hispanic voters thank you What's happening with Hispanic voters across the country Is that level of Ellie for the Democrats and extinction level event

Adam Kinzinger Cheney Adam Kinzinger Kensinger Cheney Capitol Police Earthquake Ellie
The Rage Coming From Leftist Karine Jean-Pierre

The Dan Bongino Show

01:54 min | 6 months ago

The Rage Coming From Leftist Karine Jean-Pierre

"Here's the new White House incoming press secretary Karine Jean Pierre Karine Jean Pierre is the press secretary again like Nancy Pelosi's Speaker of the House for the United States Here's Kareem John Pierre who is the press secretary for the EOP executive office of the presidency Here she is again calling everyone under the sun she can erase Keep in mind she works for you the entire country And tell me again how the rage emanates only from the right Check this out Racism sexism misogyny all of that homophobia xenophobia We connected to Donald Trump but it existed before Donald Trump Fox News was racist before coronavirus They are racist during the coronavirus Fox News will be racist after the coronavirus Racism was here before Donald Trump and his sadly it will be here after Donald Trump It walks like a racist talks like a racist acts like a racist It is a racist And we have a racist president in The White House Who really pushes his racism like a peacock Donald Trump is the first president to have purposefully had made has made racism the center of his of his campaign of his administration clearly I think Donald Trump wants to get rid of legal immigration and it's because of people who come from Brown and black countries he might do away with DACA which is another moral line that he would be crossing which is something that would be enforcing advancing some white supremacy agenda Donald Trump was a white supremacist in 2011 when he decided to be the grand wizard of the birth of movement Birtherism which is inherently racist They want to put up these awful voter registration voter suppression laws which is racism to make it difficult for people of color to vote In voter suppression is racism That's exactly what it is So where's all the anger coming from You sure this is all emanating from some rage volcano on the right because it certainly sounds like the angry people are on the left

Donald Trump Karine Jean Pierre Karine Jean Kareem John Pierre White House EOP Nancy Pelosi Daca Fox News United States House Brown
Frank Turek Describes How 'Lord of the Rings' Points to God

The Eric Metaxas Show

01:31 min | 7 months ago

Frank Turek Describes How 'Lord of the Rings' Points to God

"Let's talk about Lord of the Rings. Have you seen lord of the things? I haven't seen it. But the orcs scared me. So I was my face was in the cushions for most. The orcs are like the wicked witch and Wizard of Oz, right? Yeah, you don't want to. But think about the biggest heroes in Lord of the Rings are the weakest characters. I mean, Sam and Frodo are three foot hobbits who would rather stay in the Shire eat 7 meals a day and drink beer. They're not the kind of people that are going to save middle earth from Sauron. They're just not going to do it, but they're the ones that do it. Why? Because Tolkien being a Christian said, when you're weak, you are strong. And so Sam and Frodo had to had to rely on others to help them in order to pull off the unthinkable that they were going to get through more door and put the ring in the volcano and all that. And somehow they did it because when they were weak, they relied on others. Well, I guess I should say, I'm not surprised that J.R.R. Tolkien would write this epic fantasy that would point to God. But it's worth talking about that more and then talking about the movies, the stories that were not written by Tolkien, which is, to me, it's even more fascinating because he got this stuff as he was doing it. I think a lot of these Hollywood screenwriters, they don't have a clue that when you tell a good story, you kind of can't help point to

Frodo SAM Tolkien J.R.R. Tolkien Hollywood
Author Jim Denison on His New Book "The Coming Tsunami"

The Eric Metaxas Show

01:56 min | 9 months ago

Author Jim Denison on His New Book "The Coming Tsunami"

"Show. I'm holding in my hand a book. But I hold a lot of books in my hands. This one, however, has a disturbing title. It's called the coming tsunami, why Christians are labeled intolerant, irrelevant, oppressive, and dangerous, and how we can turn the tide. Normally I would dismiss a book like this. But then I realized it's written by somebody that I actually like. And I would love to talk to him about this. Because there's some people that have these views and they say, oh, it's all going to hell and let's just hide in our caves. And then there are people that actually think more deeply about this. The author of this book is one of them. My friend doctor Jim dennison is my guest. Jim, welcome. Eric, I'm glad to be on with you today. Thanks for the privilege of the conversation and I'm glad you didn't justice miss the book as you obviously could have, and I would have as well. Had I received it in the mail also. Because a lot of people have this view and they have a bad, they have a bad take on it because I know you. I just get cheered up just by talking to you. So even talking about something like this. So yeah, first of all, talk us through how you get to that to that title. Yeah, you bet. So a tsunami is a tidal wave you can see caused by underwater forces you can't see. Usually the earthquakes about 80% of the time underwater earthquakes can be an underwater volcano as we saw recently in the South Pacific. It could be a mudslide meteor. Well, I'm claiming that there's a rising tide of opposition, cultural opposition in America, the Christians have not seen in American history. But it's always too soon to give up on God. There are ways to turn this tide. There are hopeful, redemptive things we can do if we know why this is happening. So for underwater earthquakes that are causing the tsunami we can see, the book explains what each of those are and explains redemptive ways that we can be used to make a difference before it's too

Jim Dennison Eric JIM South Pacific America
Deadly Colorado blaze renews focus on underground coal fires

AP News Radio

00:58 sec | 10 months ago

Deadly Colorado blaze renews focus on underground coal fires

"Investigators investigators investigators investigators trying trying trying trying to to to to determine determine determine determine the the the the cause cause cause cause of of of of last last last last month's month's month's month's devastating devastating devastating devastating wildfires wildfires wildfires wildfires in in in in Colorado Colorado Colorado Colorado are are are are looking looking looking looking at at at at a a a a possible possible possible possible link link link link to to to to underground underground underground underground coal coal coal coal fires fires fires fires hi hi hi hi Ben Ben Ben Ben Thomas Thomas Thomas Thomas with with with with details details details details a a a a fire fire fire fire raging raging raging raging in in in in an an an an underground underground underground underground Colorado Colorado Colorado Colorado coal coal coal coal field field field field in in in in eighteen eighteen eighteen eighteen eighty eighty eighty eighty three three three three cents cents cents cents so so so so much much much much smoke smoke smoke smoke pouring pouring pouring pouring from from from from cracks cracks cracks cracks in in in in the the the the ground ground ground ground that that that that the the the the scene scene scene scene was was was was likened likened likened likened to to to to burning burning burning burning volcanoes volcanoes volcanoes volcanoes the the the the state's state's state's state's first first first first mining mining mining mining inspector inspector inspector inspector dean dean dean dean the the the the blaze blaze blaze blaze impossible impossible impossible impossible to to to to extinguish extinguish extinguish extinguish nearly nearly nearly nearly one one one one hundred hundred hundred hundred and and and and forty forty forty forty years years years years later later later later to to to to fire fire fire fire still still still still smolder smolder smolder smolder in in in in that that that that now now now now abandoned abandoned abandoned abandoned coal coal coal coal field field field field near near near near boulder boulder boulder boulder the the the the same same same same area area area area where where where where the the the the December December December December wildfire wildfire wildfire wildfire destroyed destroyed destroyed destroyed more more more more than than than than one one one one thousand thousand thousand thousand homes homes homes homes and and and and buildings buildings buildings buildings and and and and killed killed killed killed at at at at least least least least one one one one person person person person U. U. U. U. S. S. S. S. officials officials officials officials attracting attracting attracting attracting more more more more than than than than two two two two hundred hundred hundred hundred such such such such mine mine mine mine fires fires fires fires in in in in more more more more than than than than a a a a dozen dozen dozen dozen states states states states but but but but boulder boulder boulder boulder county county county county officials officials officials officials say say say say abandoned abandoned abandoned abandoned coal coal coal coal mines mines mines mines are are are are just just just just one one one one of of of of several several several several possible possible possible possible causes causes causes causes which which which which also also also also include include include include power power power power lines lines lines lines in in in in human human human human activity activity activity activity I'm I'm I'm I'm Ben Ben Ben Ben Thomas Thomas Thomas Thomas

Colorado Boulder Ben Ben Ben Ben Thomas Thomas Inspector Inspector Inspector Coal Field Field Field Field Boulder County County County C
First aid flights arrive in Tonga after big volcano eruption

AP News Radio

00:48 sec | 11 months ago

First aid flights arrive in Tonga after big volcano eruption

"The the the the first first first first flights flights flights flights carrying carrying carrying carrying fresh fresh fresh fresh water water water water and and and and other other other other aid aid aid aid to to to to Tonga Tonga Tonga Tonga finally finally finally finally have have have have arrived arrived arrived arrived after after after after the the the the Pacific Pacific Pacific Pacific nation's nation's nation's nation's main main main main airport airport airport airport runway runway runway runway was was was was cleared cleared cleared cleared of of of of ash ash ash ash left left left left behind behind behind behind a a a a huge huge huge huge volcanic volcanic volcanic volcanic eruption eruption eruption eruption New New New New Zealand Zealand Zealand Zealand and and and and Australia Australia Australia Australia each each each each sentiment sentiment sentiment sentiment at at at at three three three three transport transport transport transport planes planes planes planes carrying carrying carrying carrying water water water water containers containers containers containers kits kits kits kits for for for for temporary temporary temporary temporary shelters shelters shelters shelters generators generators generators generators hygiene hygiene hygiene hygiene supplies supplies supplies supplies and and and and communications communications communications communications equipment equipment equipment equipment the the the the Australian Australian Australian Australian plane plane plane plane also also also also had had had had a a a a special special special special sweeper sweeper sweeper sweeper to to to to help help help help keep keep keep keep the the the the runway runway runway runway clear clear clear clear U. U. U. U. N. N. N. N. humanitarian humanitarian humanitarian humanitarian officials officials officials officials report report report report more more more more than than than than eighty eighty eighty eighty percent percent percent percent of of of of Tonga's Tonga's Tonga's Tonga's population population population population could could could could be be be be impacted impacted impacted impacted by by by by the the the the volcano's volcano's volcano's volcano's eruption eruption eruption eruption with with with with homes homes homes homes destroyed destroyed destroyed destroyed and and and and drinking drinking drinking drinking water water water water polluted polluted polluted polluted by by by by the the the the action action action action as as as as well well well well a a a a single single single single fiber fiber fiber fiber optic optic optic optic cable cable cable cable that that that that connects connects connects connects Tongo Tongo Tongo Tongo with with with with the the the the world world world world was was was was like like like like Klay Klay Klay Klay seven seven seven seven I'm I'm I'm I'm Charles Charles Charles Charles de de de de Ledesma Ledesma Ledesma Ledesma

Tonga Australia Pacific Pacific Pacific Pacifi Zealand New New New New Zealand Tongo Tongo Tongo Tongo Klay Klay Klay Klay Charles Charles Charles Charle
Images reveal devastation inflicted on Tonga by volcano and tsunami

AP News Radio

00:45 sec | 11 months ago

Images reveal devastation inflicted on Tonga by volcano and tsunami

"Have have pulled pulled runway runway because because delayed delayed aid aid deliveries deliveries to to the the Pacific Pacific island island of of Tonga Tonga significant significant damage damage was was being being reported reported days days off off to to a a huge huge undersea undersea volcanic volcanic eruption eruption and and tsunami tsunami New New Zealand Zealand is is preparing preparing much much needed needed drinking drinking water water and and other other supplies supplies but but officials officials say say the the Irish Irish on on the the runway runway will will delay delay the the first first fight fight for for these these today today a a tiring tiring actually actually odd odd since since Saturday's Saturday's abruption abruption prevented prevented early early flights flights out out she's she's also also disrupting disrupting satellite satellite cools cools well well communication communication remains remains limited limited due due to to the the apparent apparent severing severing undersea undersea fiber fiber optic optic cable cable two two deaths deaths have have been been confirmed confirmed on on Tonga Tonga so so far far this this in in army army also also crossed crossed the the Pacific Pacific causing causing two two deaths deaths and and an an oil oil spill spill in in Peru Peru I'm I'm Charles Charles de de Ledesma Ledesma thick thick eyelash eyelash on on the the airport's airport's runway runway is is delayed delayed he he delivers delivers to to the the Pacific Pacific island island of of Tonga Tonga significant significant

Tonga Pacific Pacific Island Island Tsunami Tsunami New Zealand Zealand Army Army Pacific Pacific Peru Peru Charles Charles De De Ledesma
Volcano erupts in Pacific, islanders rush to escape tsunami

AP News Radio

00:34 sec | 11 months ago

Volcano erupts in Pacific, islanders rush to escape tsunami

"An an undersea undersea volcano volcano near near the the islands islands of of Tonga Tonga has has erupted erupted it's it's triggering triggering a a tsunami tsunami the the Pacific Pacific nation nation of of Tonga Tonga was was inundated inundated with with large large tsunami tsunami waves waves as as residents residents rushed rushed to to higher higher grounds grounds video video posted posted to to social social media media showed showed the the way way swirling swirling around around homes homes and and buildings buildings in in coastal coastal areas areas communication communication with with the the small small island island nation nation has has been been problematic problematic which which is is restricted restricted information information to to come come through through on on injuries injuries and and the the extent extent of of the the damage damage however however needs needs even even spinach spinach he he said said it it was was monitoring monitoring the the situation situation and and remained remained on on standby standby ready ready to to assist assist a a fost fost I'm I'm Karen Karen Thomas Thomas

Tonga Tsunami Tsunami Islands Islands Pacific Pacific Small Small Island Island Karen Karen Thomas Thomas
World Volcano Review-Volcano Intro and Wrap

AP News Radio

00:57 sec | 1 year ago

World Volcano Review-Volcano Intro and Wrap

"Twenty twenty twenty twenty one one was was a a very very busy busy year year for for people people who who monitor monitor volcanoes volcanoes the the two two eruptions eruptions that that got got the the most most media media attention attention were were in in Iceland Iceland and and La La Palma Palma in in Spain Spain and and Iceland Iceland superstructure superstructure manner manner and and since since the the thirteenth thirteenth century century I I think think Balkan Balkan allergy allergy professor professor Clive Clive Oppenheimer Oppenheimer at at the the university university of of Cambridge Cambridge says says the the Iceland Iceland volcano volcano has has a a history history if if we we look look at at the the last last ten ten thousand thousand years years or or so so they're they're interruptions interruptions that that decides decides that that lasted lasted for for a a century century or or more more that that volcano volcano has has it it caused caused a a lot lot of of damage damage Oppenheimer Oppenheimer says says it's it's a a different different story story on on the the island island of of La La Palma Palma in in Spain Spain so so the the nana nana plantations plantations being being inundated inundated with with lava lava very very very very sick sick plaza plaza it's it's just just burying burying everything everything what what is is the the volcanic volcanic outlook outlook for for twenty twenty twenty twenty two two some some of of the the old old old old faithfuls faithfuls the the million million names names like like Aetna Aetna and and strongly strongly that that they'll they'll they'll they'll continue continue doing doing nothing nothing with with more more dormant dormant volcanoes volcanoes coming coming to to life life I'm I'm a a Donahue Donahue

Iceland La La Palma Palma Oppenheimer Oppenheimer Spain Allergy Allergy Clive Clive University University Of Of Ca Iceland Iceland Volcano Volcano Plaza Plaza Aetna Aetna Donahue Donahue
27 still missing after Indonesia volcanic eruption kills 15

AP News Radio

00:46 sec | 1 year ago

27 still missing after Indonesia volcanic eruption kills 15

"Dozens dozens are are still still missing missing after after the the number number of of people people killed killed in in Indonesia Indonesia volcano volcano eruption eruption reaches reaches double double figures figures the the weather weather has has allowed allowed search search and and rescue rescue efforts efforts to to resume resume in in Indonesia Indonesia two two days days after after the the eruption eruption of of the the main main islands islands highest highest volcano volcano residence residence police police and and soldiers soldiers have have dug dug out out the the body body of of a a thirteen thirteen year year old old boy boy with with that that that that happens happens in in the the worst worst hit hit village village where where houses houses were were buried buried to to the the rooftops rooftops and and sound sound mind mind his his trucks trucks and and cars cars were were buried buried mount mount semi semi route route in in east east Java Java province province has has been been spewing spewing thick thick columns columns of of ash ash this this follows follows forty forty thousand thousand feet feet into into the the sky sky leaving leaving villages villages and and nearby nearby towns towns covered covered with with mud mud from from bill bill Koenig Koenig degree degree I'm I'm Charles Charles Taylor Taylor this this

Indonesia Main Islands Islands Volcano Volcano Mount Mount East East Java Java Bill Bill Koenig Koenig Charles Charles Taylor Taylor
 4 weeks on, no sign Spanish volcano eruption is close to end

AP News Radio

00:41 sec | 1 year ago

4 weeks on, no sign Spanish volcano eruption is close to end

"Lava continues to speak from a volcano on the Spanish island of La Palma full weeks off trip past began to run the volcano on one of the Spanish Canary islands just off the northwestern Africa is showing no sign that it's eruption is coming to an end as rivers of lava slowed the flow to the see the volcano has so far destroyed more than one thousand eight hundred buildings basically it's with private hands lucky however pointed out you Asians have helped to avoid casualties on the island of some eighty five thousand people around seven thousand people have had to leave their homes as the volcano continues to rumble and rule exacerbated by thousands of minor earthquakes I'm

Spanish Island Of La Palma Spanish Canary Islands Northwestern Africa
"volcano" Discussed on Conversations

Conversations

03:55 min | 1 year ago

"volcano" Discussed on Conversations

"This is an abc podcast. Nari is a singer songwriter. Nari based in australia now but she's grown up all over the region in new zealand. And in papa new guinea where she went to school on the volcanic island of rebel family and culture and music were all lodge of early life and family that came to the rescue in ninety four when the earth in rebel began to trimble below her feet and then a volcano exploded nearby throwing out ash and lava and then a second volcano erupted and everyone had to get up as fast as they could. Not as early loft wasn't always quite so volcanic some the happiest memories. Come from visiting the eastern highlands papa new guinea. The ancestral home of her family at the top of a mountain nari is blessed as a musician. We're the heavenly soulful voice.

Nari new guinea abc new zealand australia
Hawaii's Kilauea volcano erupts, lava fountains form in park

AP News Radio

00:53 sec | 1 year ago

Hawaii's Kilauea volcano erupts, lava fountains form in park

"The new eruption at Hawaii's kill away a volcano on the Big Island is drawing tourists killer where is one of the most active volcanoes on earth we like it when it's here in the park and it's somewhat of a safer option Jessica Perrin keen with the Hawaii volcanoes national park tells K. I. T. V. the area that is erupting is not close to where people can hike or drive that's not to assume that it's not hazardous overlooking is can be hazardous one of the biggest hazards right now with this volcano is that plume of gas coming out of it trails down wind from the eruption have been closed for years the eruption happened at a great time for David but not skits from Chicago its total luck because you know we're fascinated by volcanoes and you know the ball kind of creation and to actually be able to be here when it's going off is also I'm very keen says the volcanic gas could be a hazard for nearby communities on the Big Island depending on the direction of the wind I'm a Donahue

Jessica Perrin K. I. T. V. Big Island Hawaii Volcanoes National Park Hawaii Chicago David
"volcano" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

05:18 min | 1 year ago

"volcano" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

"There is limited to no space on station for additional science and it also helps cut down the amount of time the crew has to move payloads in and out of dragon for cirrus. Twenty three. there are three extended lah payloads launching with the mission and once stocked a fourth which is currently already on. The space station will be added to dragon. You can talk a little bit about the upgrades that have been made to dragon. The first is solar rays typically after separation we wait for sola race to unfurl from dragon this upgraded dragon has been redesigned and the solar rays has its panels built into the trunk section itself providing power during flight and while on board the station. Another upgrade is how we dock before we needed dragon into birth which is where a robotic arm from the international space station reaches out and grabs dragon and we'll attached to the international space station. Now dragging can thomas doc using a centerline camera and lighter which is an acronym for light detection and ranging and so this autonomous docking sequences. What dragon go through. In the short future as it continues to make its way towards the international space. Thanks racing confirmed dragon. Separating on top of the second stage the mission delivered almost two point two tons of cargo to the opening outpost including one thousand and forty six kilograms of scientific experiments. Four hundred eighty kilograms of crew supplies three hundred and thirty eight kilograms of technical way sixty nine kilograms of space walk equipment and twenty four kilograms of specialist brushing hot way the experiments flown aboard. The dragon include equipment to research the effects of microgravity in space radiation on the growth of bone tissue original diagnostics tests to capture images of the retinas of astronauts in order to monitor vision problems which space crews suffer known. The space associated neural oculus syndrome. As also the racks get high robotic dom which is designed to support crew activities in the nanna. Rex bishop baylock. Other experiments will test how the space environment affects the performance durability of materials and components which are being looked at us in future space missions. There's a new study looking at why some plants weren't metabolize specific compounds. Under the stress of micro gravity is also a research too easy drug delivery systems to replace those cumbersome infusion pumps and there's a bunch of experiments by groups of goals scouts involving plant growth and colonization and brine shrimp also abode sierras. Twenty-three rate small keep set satellites which will be released into orbit from the space station and these include the australian research council cova one satellite which is carrying four experimental payloads for the university of sydney..

international space station thomas doc Rex bishop baylock australian research council university of sydney
"volcano" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

04:35 min | 1 year ago

"volcano" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

"Seven aboard the international space station. One chamber pressures little has cleared sour. And it's currently headed to space in about fifteen seconds here. We're coming up on max q. This is where the vehicle will experience the highest amount of aerodynamic pressures and there was a call from execute she throttled down the merlin engines in preparation for that event. Coming up are five more events in rapid succession. Main engine cutoff stage separation. First stage flip second engine start one and then boost back. Burn on music began. Main engine cutoff. Also known as meco is where all nine. Md engines on the falcon nine. First stage will shut down. This is followed by stage separation or the separation of the first and second stages from there the first stage will flip to prepare it for re entry and landing a few minutes later and the merlin vacuum engine on the second stage while ignite to boost dragon to low earth orbit. That's also known as sas. Want the first stage then began. Its boost blackburn. That is the first of three burns needed to land on our grown ship today and cut off ignition. Respect up okay. Those were those five events. Main engine cutoff stage separation. The first performed to flip second-stage ignited its merlin vacuum engine. We're in the middle of that. First stage boost blackburn shutdown contras being produced by the first stage and that was to call out for the successful completion of our first of three burns on the stage. The twenty third commercial spy mission to the international space station for nasa. This spacex his twenty first mission this year and this is the cargo. Configuration dragon spacecraft acquisition of singular bermuda. You might be interested to know in order to get into space rock and has to do more than just go up actually has to go sideways. Really really fast at liftoff. Gravity is point straight down the rocket and as we ascend. We tilt the engines at turns rockets horizontally. Now we're still going up but we're also heading horizontally away from the launch pad in what we call a gravity turn to rocket typically needs to go about seven point five kilometers per second or seventeen thousand five hundred miles per hour horizontally in order to avoid being pulled back down to earth and get into orbit next event for today's mission is the reentry burn for the first stage. That's the second of three burns. This is where three of the merlin engines will reignite and this helps to slow down the stage as reenters. The upper parts of the earth's atmosphere and burn start up and there is the beginning of the entry burn three merlin engines have realit- in are currently slowing down these age. One burn shutdown awesome. That is the successful completion of the second burn. We are about sixty seconds. Away from landing. Vehicle is traveling about nine hundred miles an hour that's really puts into perspective that deceleration in the span of less than a minute will have reduced speed from the speed of a jet all the way down to zero as the rocket lands and again this is our brand new drone ship. A shortfall of gravitons. This is going to be the first time that we are making it. A landing attempt on it and it's currently perched out in the atlantic ocean waiting for that first stage booster to return it. They won leaning burn startup a single engine. The center engine engine number nine has realit- in.

international space station blackburn sas nasa atlantic ocean
"volcano" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

03:29 min | 1 year ago

"volcano" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

"That a region of northern mazda as arabia terra experienced quite literally thousands of super eruptions biggest volcanic eruptions known over a five hundred million year period. Some volcanoes produce eruption so powerful their release oceans of dust and toxic gases into the air locking out sunlight and changing planet's climate for decades by studying topography mineral composition of a portion of the arabia terra region of northern mas scientists divide evidence for thousands of eruptions and super eruptions many of which are the most violent volcanic explosions known spewing water vapor carbon dioxide and safa dockside into the air these explosions toll through the martian surface over five hundred million period about four billion years ago. The findings are reported in the general geophysical research letters. The study's lead author. Patrick wiley from this has got odd spaceflight. Centering greenbelt maryland. Says each of these eruptions would have had a significant climatic impact. The release gas could have made the atmosphere thicker or it could have block out the sun making the atmosphere colder. He says it means that mobile is of martian climate. We'll have some work to do to try and understand the impact of the super bowl. Cain 'as after blasting the equivalent of four hundred million olympic sized swimming pools of molten rocking gas through the surface and spreading a thick blanket of ash up to a thousand kilometers from the eruption site. The sipa volcano at the center of the eruption collapses down into the now empty magma chamber creating a giant hole. Coca-cola dera as we discussed in last week space time caldera's can be dozens of kilometers across the discovery of seven cold. There is arabian tara with the first science at this region once hosted volcanoes capable of super eruptions yet originally these holes with thought to be depressions left by asteroid impacts in the martian surface. Billions of years ago. It wasn't until twenty thirteen at a group of scientists. I proposed that these basins were in fact volcanic calderas. They notice. They went perfectly round. Like most impact craters and they had some science signifying collapse such as very deep flaws and benches of rock near the walls after meeting volcanologists while and colleagues looked for evidence of ash fallout using data from this mars reconnaissance orbiter. The team's analysis followed up on work by other scientists who had previously suggested that the minerals on the surface of arabia. Terra appear to be volcanic in origin. Meanwhile another research group upon hearing that the arabia terra basins could be called errors calculated way the ash from possible super eruptions in that region would have settled traveling down wind towards the east. It would thin out away from the center of the volcanoes. Or in this case the caldera's the team used images from mars reconnaissance orbiter to identify minerals on the surface. Looking in the walls of canyons and craters with the ash would have been carried by the wind. They identified volcanic minerals have been turned into claes by water then made three-dimensional topographic maps of arabia. Terra and by laying the mineral data over the topographical maps of the canyons and craters. The authors could see that the lays of ash will very well preserved in the mineral-rich deposits..

arabia Patrick wiley mazda greenbelt dera Cain maryland Coca cola swimming
Spanish volcano still packs a punch 5 days after eruption

AP News Radio

00:50 sec | 1 year ago

Spanish volcano still packs a punch 5 days after eruption

"Five days since it first erupted okay don't Spain's Canary Islands is still going strong the eruption on the island captrust financial is the active volcano produced loud explosions a huge ash cloud and cracked open any fish at that speed out little to Nava the emergency services managed to evacuate schools of people from three villages as seven thousand people have already had to leave their homes the prompt evacuations are credited with helping avoid casualties regional airline bins had temporarily halted flights to two huge ash cloud that rose almost four miles into the sky two men love a place about thirty three feet high have been destroying ordered now waking creating houses and farmland and infrastructure so far almost four hundred buildings have been destroyed on the island which is home to eighty five thousand people I'm Karen Thomas

Canary Islands Spain Karen Thomas
Lava spread raises fears of more damage on Spanish island

AP News Radio

00:47 sec | 1 year ago

Lava spread raises fears of more damage on Spanish island

"The advance of lava from a volcano eruption in Spain's Canary Islands has slowed significantly allowing time for some evacuees to retrieve belongings from homes that lay in its policy a giant river of lava slowed to thirteen feet per hour on Monday a day after the eruption on the island of La Palma it was moving at two thousand three hundred feet per hour authorities said as it slowed the lava grew thicker and in places it rose up to fifty feet high the lava now covers four hundred ten acres and has swallowed up around three hundred fifty homes authorities have been escorting small groups of residents to briefly it retrieve it more belongings before their homes it disappear under the lava I'm sorry a shockingly

Canary Islands La Palma Spain
"volcano" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

02:01 min | 1 year ago

"volcano" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

"From skeptical. Point of view maybe give up. Its them from australian skeptics. And that's the show for now. Space-time is available every monday wednesday and friday through apple podcasts. I tunes stitcher. google podcast. Haka casts spotify.

"volcano" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

06:07 min | 1 year ago

"volcano" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

"Australia. The united states in the united kingdom of entered into a new defense agreement designed to counter. What's euphemistically referred to as the growing military threats facing the pacific theater. That's a clear reference to china's massive military buildup which is included new spy satellites warships aircraft carriers submarines and nuclear missile silos. Then this china's threats to launch a preemptive nuclear strike on japan it's ongoing harassment of its neighbors around the south china sea which beijing now claims to be its own territory in the violation of international law the illegal annexation of hong kong threats to invade taiwan continuing border skirmishes with india human rights abuses in tibet the persecution the felon gong. Who are being used for forced organ harvesting and transplants and the alleged genocide of the muslim league is in concentration camps. The new australian united states in the united kingdom trilateral partnership with the unfortunate acronym of august will see australia boot eight nuclear powered submarines the nation's first in adelaide australian prime minister scott morrison the future of the indo pacific will impact all at futures to make these challenges to help deliver the security and stability originates. We must now take our partnership to a new level. And so friends orchises born a new enhanced trilateral security partnership between australia. The united kingdom and the united states a partnership where technology as scientists are industry at offense forces are all working together to deliver a safer and more secure region that ultimately benefits all orcas will also enhance out contribution to act growing network of partnerships in the pacific region and anzus amazon friends at bilateral strategic partners the quad five is countries and of course idea pacific family the first major initiative of orcas will be to deliver a nuclear powered submarine fleet for estrada. I've the next did months. We will work together to say to determine the best way for to achieve this. This will include an intense examination of what we need to do to exercise and nuclear stewardship responsibilities. Here in australia we intend to build these submarines in adelaide a strata in close cooperation with the united kingdom and the united states. Early reports suggest. The new subs will be based around the ten thousand. Tanya says virginia class if correct proportion will be through an s. Nine g nuclear reacted evolving forty thousand shaft horsepower with a smooth service. Speed of thirty five knots and a service life of around thirty three years in the current. Us configuration of the gt class or one hundred and fifteen meters long. Have a complement of one hundred and thirty four and fitted with twelve vertical launching tubes and four torpedo tubes. The other option is the slow eight thousand town ninety seven eight along. British stoop class whichever complement of ninety eight and around with six torpedo tubes. Astute uses the rolls royce. Pwi two core h nuclear reactor app but it has a shorter service life of around twenty five years. Well all the attention span on the new subs just as important is cameras. Decision to purchase tomahawk cruise missiles. I'm the new subs. And for their ages class destroyers the tall is a long range weapon. Powered by solid fueled rocket launch stage and a jet tischbein stage. It's currently used by birth. The united states navy and british role navy is originally developed in the seventies and eighties delivered. Wmd and later w eighty four thermonuclear warheads. Using what at the time was an advanced terrain following renovation system of course it's been extensively upgraded since those days and now relies on satellite navigation and read out early traffic radiation targeting systems in line with australia's non nuclear weapons proliferation treaty agreements. The australian tomahawks will carry four hundred fifty kilograms of conventional high explosives. And we'll have a range of over fifteen hundred kilometers. The new tomahawk deal comes on top of cameras. New strategy to develop significant sovereign guided missile manufacturing program cameras already paying a key role in the development of the next generation hypersonic missiles and is a partner in the us precision strike missile program. It's also purchasing you advanced. Agm one fifty eight. C long reign stealth missiles and is part of the standard missile. Six block. one program the walk. His partnership also see enhancing existing cooperation across new and emerging arenas including cyber applied quantum technologies and undersea capabilities. However the new agreement does mean scrapping the controversial in holly criticized ninety billion dollar twenty sixteen deal to build twelve lodge conventional french barracuda class attack. Submarines that's made paris very unhappy and the french have recalled their ambassadors to camera and washington in response. It seems now might be a good time to sign that deal with the french. Railway's sncf an awesome to build that long promised. Sydney to camera high-speed tgv rail line the one the politicians cape promising reelection but never quite get around to actually building a three hundred twenty kilometers per hour high speed line from author sydney south west. The camera will allow ninety minutes. City said it to city centre travel times in the process opening up vast new areas for sydney's ever growing residential housing market in fact making both sydney and camera don't worry suburbs of each other.

united kingdom australia us pacific theater indo pacific adelaide china scott morrison muslim league south china tibet british role navy taiwan beijing estrada hong kong japan
"volcano" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

05:57 min | 1 year ago

"volcano" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

"The period of maximum namic. Lesser the flight at supersonic up through the peer maximum dynamic pressure. Can we back up and one bravo the call out from space. That's one of the abort sequences that is a novel call. Everything continues to be good. Looks like a smooth ride for the crew. Were the on the second passing through. Acceleration continues to look nominal wage g limiting for. Jeez we're holding it there for the crew major event coming up we'll be main. Engine cutoff followed by stage. Separation looking at the second stage engine marzel of the second stage and meco has become back engine. Jeez there is united officially inspiration for fu are now underway to space is making its way back down to earth. The griffin's have popped out to assist with steering it will be making a landing attempt on our drone ship. Just read the instructions which is parked out and holding position in the atlantic ocean because signal. Bermuda dragon species trajectory nominal love to hear that call out trajectory from the past hundred kilometers position. Signal new hampshire next milestone for this mission is actually happening on the first stage. It's going to be performing a re entry burn. That's going to be coming up around the bus. Seven minute and thirty second mark. That burn is used to slow down the first stage for it. Reenters the denser parts of the atmosphere a few minutes later aero execute a landing burn and make an attempt to land on our drone ship. That's apparently in the atlantic ocean trig and spacex trajectory nominal propulsion engine. We just heard now is looking nominal nitrogen puffs helping to steer and guide vehicle basically spicer trajectory nominal basically has the attitude control for the vehicle as it makes its way back down to this mission will be orbiting earth for three days and they will be at an altitude of five hundred and seventy five kilometers. Which if i remember correctly on i you said that that is the distance from los angeles to the golden gate bridge. They're going to get there a lot. Faster the burns on the first stage again. This i had already separated from the second stage so the first is making its way back to earth trying to land and the second stage. Everything is going well. It is headed into orbit with the crew onboard stage twos and terminal good offstage to a terminal guidance. Where at the altitude. We're working the angular momentum. We need to get the right orbit. And if you're wandering cruise. Paul about three and a half jews right now on the first date fault. So in about fifteen seconds expecting shannon down the back to throttle down and coughed event called second engine cut off and wait for the confirmation of good orbit. At the same time the first stage will be getting landing and here we have the shocking engine nominal as the mission was the second flight for the resilience crew dragging captial and the third for the same falcon nine first stage. Booster the booster then. Successfully returned to earth landing on the drone ship. Just read the instructions which had been pre-positioned down range in the north atlantic ocean. Stay doin lining is because feeds dragon crew are in a nominal orbits. The capture was modified for this fly with the usual space station docking adapter replaced by a single monolithic. Dome glass window inspired by the space stations coppola module thereby allowing three hundred sixty degree views outside the resilience knows after the three and a half days but the court. It's splashdown successfully in the north atlantic ocean and were collected by the quick transport. Recovery vessel go navigator. The mission was the first all private orbital space tourists spaceflight the have the previous orbital flights carrying space tourists. They were all undertaken on russian government so us missions which also carried cosmonauts from the russian federal space agency and cosmos. space x. Flight comes in the wake of two recent sub orbital space tourism journeys one of which the blue origin. You ship it flight carrying billionaire. Jeff visas actually reach the one hundred kilometer high boundary which marks the beginning of space the other carrying billionaire adventurer richard branson abode the virgin galactic unity rocket plane achieved an altitude apogee of eighty six kilometers. Just fourteen k short of the start of space. The space x inspiration for flight was also the highest flags space tourism journey yet launched reaching an altitude of five hundred eighty five kilometers that one hundred sixty five kilometers higher than the average orbit with the international space station. The flight was organized to raise money. Food jude children's research hospital and it was funded by billionaire tech entrepreneur. Jared isaac men who acted as mission commander for the flight. This space time. Still the come. Australia goes nuclear within you. Trial actual defense deal with the united states and britain and later in the signs report the world has you covered nineteen variant with watching its code the mu variant and it's taking off big time in south america all that and more still to.

atlantic ocean Bermuda griffin golden gate bridge new hampshire russian federal space agency shannon los angeles Paul richard branson Food jude children's research Jeff Jared isaac united states
"volcano" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

03:16 min | 1 year ago

"volcano" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

"Works now. Commence that lockheed martin on the orion spacecraft they'll be used on the atom is three mission to return humans to the lunar surface. The last time people walked on the moon was apollo. Seventeen back in nineteen seventy two. The item is one orion capture which began construction in two thousand. Fifteen is now. Virtually complete and work on the rhine distant for use in the optimist to mission. It'll be the first to carry. A crew is also underway. Items one will be a three week. Unmanned test flight slated for launch to the moon later this year out of his two will carry for astronauts on an extended mission around the moon probably lasting about three weeks. Sometime in twenty twenty. Three technicians are completed world on. The bottom is three iran pressure vessel. That's the underlying frame for the airtight crew module at this stage adams three slated to carry four astronauts to the gateway luna space station. It doesn't exist yet but should be there by the time. The mission launches when they get the astronauts will transfer to a pre-position stalin. A lunar lander which would then take them down to the moon south pole for an extended visit with work underway on items three. It means lucky. Man a nasa and now shifting focus from the spacecraft's design development test and evaluation phase through to the production phase that development phase included the design review and refinement of the spacecraft it systems and testing one of the highlights the development phase was the exploration flight test one mission which flew an unmanned orion capsule and a four and a half hour flight aboard doda for heavy rocket beck in december twenty fourteen orion reached an altitude of five thousand eight hundred kilometers and speeds during the flight of eight thousand nine hundred meters per second it tested. A ryan's hates showed parachutes jettisoning components and onboard flight. Computers other key test designed to prove the launch abort system both on the pad and during the assent lucky. Martin is currently contract to build a minimum of sakes and maximum of twelve orion spacecraft. And yes there are twelve matching. Sos rockets being constructed as well. Hd orion crew modules will be made it to a european space agency built service module which are being built in europe and then shipped over to the states as well as the moon missions orion will also be used for long emissions to during the twenty thirty s however deep space transport stack will be added for the long duration journeys to the red planet base will include a habitat module providing additional room for crew and supplies as well as facilities with spacecraft maintenance mission communications exercise training personal recreation and propulsion systems. This space. Time still to come for space. Tourist undertaking three void in all of it. And we take a look at the new australian trilateral defense deal with the united states and britain ov- at most doda come.

gateway luna space station martin stalin adams iran nasa ryan Martin europe united states britain
"volcano" Discussed on Inquisikids Daily

Inquisikids Daily

05:31 min | 1 year ago

"volcano" Discussed on Inquisikids Daily

"Hi i'm luke and welcome to the crickets podcast. Our planet earth has so many interesting geological features there are tall mountains deep oceans lush rainforests and dry. Deserts it's truly amazing. Today we are going to learn about another remarkable one of these features. Volcanoes of volcano is a crack or opening in the crust of the earth. scientists call these openings vents gases ash and hot molten rock called magma erupt or gush out through the vent there are three different types of volcanoes. A strato volcano sometimes called a composite volcano a cinder cone. Volcano and a shield volcano. Each type is characterized by its shape and eruptions first. let's explore the straddle kato. This type of volcano is tall and conical or cone shaped resembling a mountain. It is made up of many layers of volcanic ash rocks like pumice and hardened lava lava is what scientists call magma wants. It flows out of the volcano. This type of volcano has two cycles. i do too. Intense pressure built up inside the volcano large amounts of fiery lava rocks gas and ash. Shoot violently up into the air from the mound. The lava that erupts from strata volcano is typically very thick so it does not flow very quickly instead it hardens on the sides of the volcano adding to it size once the intense pressure has been released by the eruption some of the lava forms a seal over the volcano is opening it. Is this ceiling. That leads to the second cycle with no for the pressure to be released. It begins to build up again setting the stage for the next eruption. Mount saint helen's located in washington state is a strato volcano. The volcano had been dormant or inactive since eighteen fifty seven when on may eighteenth nineteen eighty. It erupted in one of the largest and most violent volcanic events recorded in north america. The lava flowed as far as seventeen miles from the volcano. Thousands of animals were killed over two square miles of forests were destroyed and sadly fifty seven people died due to the eruption. The explosion was so massive that the high of mount saint helen's was reduced by around one thousand three hundred feet. There is not that significant eruption since but there have been several smaller ones as recently as nineteen ninety eight. The second type of volcano is this cinder cone volcano. These are the smallest and most common volcanoes they can be found worldwide and places including the united states australia peru japan the philippines just to name a few. These volcanoes are characterized by the bowl shaped crater at the top. The cone shaped form is made chiefly from rock. Fragments that have been spewed from the volcano. As it erupts cinder volcanoes erupt more frequently than other types however the eruptions do not tend to be significant nor cause much damage. One of the most notable cinder cone volcanoes is in mexico cuting began forming in nineteen forty three and grew to a height of one thousand two hundred feet as the lava accumulated around the vent. The volcano was active for about nine years raining ash. Over a one hundred square mile region the long eruption of power cuting allowed scientists ample time to study and learn more about cinder cone volcanoes. The last type of volcano is the shield volcano as the name indicates. These volcanoes are wide broad and low. The eruptions of shield volcanoes do not eject lavas high in the air as other volcanoes instead. The thinner lava runs. Easily down the low mound. Since the lava is thinner the flow is fast and this can be dangerous houses. Cars and anything in the lavas path can be swept up in the river of hot rock. Even miles from the volcano. Mount loa is an example of a shield volcano located on the big island of hawaii. Mouna loa is the largest active volcano on earth. Over fifty percent of the island is made up of the volcano manoa rises thirteen thousand six hundred seventy eight feet above sea level but what makes it so remarkable is that thirty thousand feet of the volcano is underwater. This gives manoa a height of over forty three thousand feet making it taller than.

Mount saint helen Volcano luke north america helen washington peru philippines japan australia united states Mount loa mexico Mouna loa volcano manoa
"volcano" Discussed on SciShow Tangents

SciShow Tangents

08:05 min | 1 year ago

"volcano" Discussed on SciShow Tangents

"Welcome back everybody. It's time for the fact off. Our panelists have both brought in science facts to present in an attempt to blow my mind after they have presented their facts. I will judge the facts and award hancocks anyway. I see fit and decide who goes first. I have for you a question. The eruption of mount tambora in present day indonesia was the most significant cause of the famous year without a summer when global temperatures were point four to point seven degrees celsius lower than normal and the entire northern hemisphere basically skipped a summer and instead experienced an agricultural disaster. What year did mount tambora erupt. This one i feel like is fairly common piece of trivia. I'm bad at numbers. I do remember that mary shelley. I think this is when she wrote frankenstein. Because okay and her other writer friends percy etc all went to highland and we're like oh let's just hang out here while the world is cold and bad cold and boring. Yeah old and boring and there's no food for anyone. Yeah let's write monster stories instead. So i'm thinking maybe like eighteen. Thirty is my guess so early for frankenstein's me. I'm thinking eighteen. Eighty this whole time even before the frankenstein thing which. I think you're exactly right that that's what it was but i wanna say the eighteen eighty will the answer. My friends is eighteen fifteen so this was a tricky question because the without a summer was eighteen. Sixteen but mount tambora erupted earlier than that. But it didn't really matter because neither of you were that close. It's only tricky. If you know actually know the answer at all yeah in fact. Dummies don't know trivial. Yeah i mean. I'll be very impressed for everyone out there who guest either fifteen or sixteen. Yeah right and if you did siri you get to decide. Who goes i. I'll go first so like we've been talking about. It's kind of easy to focus on the explosive or destructive nature of volcanoes but molten magma is a big part of my life on earth can exist for a lot of different reasons for example volcanic eruptions help replenish minerals on the earth surface and because lava solidifies into rock formations. These minerals can stick around and be utilized long after. A volcano has quieted down. Take mount elgon. A truly huge volcano on the uganda. Kenyan border that is estimated to be at least twenty four million years. Old scientists have classified it as extinct which just means that. We don't think there's been volcanic activity in over ten thousand years and we don't expect there to be any more but we've been wrong about exciting balkanize before words are fake but in any case even without magma erupting there's different kind of activity that has been going on this extinct volcano for thousands of years elephants mining cover of night herds of elephants journey into caves within mount elgon and scrape their against the volcanic rock chipping off sodium rich patches to eat. They're likely not getting enough minerals from the plants. They eat or water. They drink normally so they found this resource and pass down this tradition for generations. These ignatius rock caves probably started a small nooks graded by groundwater flow and collapse of the rock layers around ten thousand to twelve thousand years ago but elephants scraping and mining and eating. The rock likely played a major role in making them bigger. So they're known as the elephant caves of this planet is so dependent on how energy and nutrients move around. And i sometimes struggle to think about the importance of rocks and minerals and sustaining life. But it's clear that even dormant volcanoes help support life on earth over timespans longer than any human or anyone elephant can survive. Wow the elephant caves. That's why how far into these caves. Do they go not super super deep so some of the caves are one hundred fifty meters deep into the mountain at this point. That's very deep. Is it yeah. I was going like an elephant or too deep. No this has been happening for thousands of years so so yeah that's like four hundred ninety two feet. It's gotta be like pitch dark in there. But there's the good minerals. Oh my gosh. Wow that got significantly cooler. When i found out they go one hundred fifty meters deep and now i've seen pictures of them here and there's also tusk marks on the caves a- post pictures on patriotic because it's cool all right sam. It's a steep hill to climb. But what do you got for me. So in february nineteen forty-three farmer dea neo toledo was working in the fields of his farm and mishaan mexico. The farm was nestled in a fertile valley known as some of mexico's best farmland and he and his family were clearing the fields to get ready for the summer planting season when they noticed something not quite right so six foot wide one hundred and fifty foot long cracks had opened on a nearby hill. That was definitely not there before but it wasn't very deep and like it was nineteen forty-three and there's not much you can do about it and nineteen forty three can go call anybody about the big crack yard so they just kept working but then a little while later the ground started shaking and there had actually been like twenty earthquakes in the area over the previous few weeks and thunder like rumblings but again it was nineteen forty-three and nobody could google what was going on. So they're just like all right but this earthquake prompted dini's yo to look back up towards the recently discovered crack which had now swollen to become six foot high lump though a spitting out smoke ash anna sulphurous smell and that is when dini ceo and his family decided to get the heck out of there. And it's a good thing that they did because within twenty four hours the lump grown into one hundred and fifty foot tall cohen. that was shooting flames. Like three hundred feet in the air and spinning out walnut sized chunks of molten rock and by the end of the week. The newly foreign volcano was three hundred feet tall and had started. Seeping lava out of it. So how did this apocalyptic situation come about. Well the fertile valley where dnc. Oh farmed was located in the trans mexican volcanic belt which is a range of active volcanoes. That runs right across the middle of mexico pretty much and all the mineral rich ash that was shot out by the volcanoes over the previous thousands of years made great farming but it also meant your farm might be right on top of a volcanic vent so this particular erupted and what's called the stromboli leeann eruption which is kind of like a low powered type of eruption but it shoots out tons and tons and tons of little blobs of lava that cool in mid air and land on the ground is rocks and all these blobs pile up on top of each other to form what are called cinder cones which is how this volcano grew so quickly. It's called perr cunanan. So as the months pass and pair. Keaton continued to erupt. Scientists started showing up from all over the world to look at it. Journalists came from all over the world to documents it. And there's even like a hollywood film crew. They came and they shot home movie using the smoking volcano as a backdrop and that all sounds kind of fun and cool but by the time the movie was shooting there. The volcano has been erupting continuously for four years. Multiple villages had been evacuated and ten square miles of wa had seeped out of the base of the cinder cone and destroyed towns completely. So fortunately the volcanoes formation didn't kill anybody but all the ash in particular set of volcanoes shoots out during the russian bump into each other and they can generate enough static electricity to see form volcanic lightning and three people ended up being struck by volcanic lightning and killed running because there are so many people screwing around looking at this thing so finally in nineteen fifty two the volcano dormant and by that time the cinder cone was one thousand three hundred fifty three feet. Tall scientifically speaking pair. Q ten was the first time that scientists got to steady and record volcanoes canines entire life cycle from the initial eruption dormancy taking pictures video and measurements. That people still use to this day to like in their volcano research. Now it's a tourist attraction where you can hike up to and walk around the crater and you can see the stone bell towers of churches that were buried in the lava and upon abandoning his farm. It said that. Dna ceo pulido but a sign up near the base of the newly-formed volcano. That said this volcano is owned and operated by dionicio toledo.

mount tambora percy etc frankenstein mary shelley mount elgon dini mexico highland indonesia uganda dea toledo perr cunanan
"volcano" Discussed on SciShow Tangents

SciShow Tangents

01:34 min | 1 year ago

"volcano" Discussed on SciShow Tangents

"Round number three our final round. Is this a volcano or an airplane. i wish i didn't know so i could talk more about it her. Well that's interesting. Yeah this one seems like the softest of them all the mice chill noise for us. Yeah well i don't know. Was it pleasant. Her was to metallic you got metallic notes. And i feel like. I'm not a wine tasting. Where ever someone else says metallic notes. I don't like i did. I think. I mean myers could be deceiving me but like hank alluded to i feel like it. Almost has to be an airplane unless somebody's pawn a dastardly trick. Look it's totally possible. There's no nothing says that can't be all volcanoes. Well i'm far too traditional guests anything but this would be a airplane. I'm gonna go volcano. Just to stop mitigate means volcano is the brave one and the correct one house. They were the heck. What cressner volcano sometimes or trade. This was another infrasonic recordings from dr matosa. This time it was mount. Saint helen's two thousand five eruption not the big nineteen eighty-one and just for comparison. I've got for you a recording of an airplane taking off. This is posted on youtube by pediatrics. Aviation because they are not dissimilar.

myers hank dr matosa Saint helen youtube
"volcano" Discussed on SciShow Tangents

SciShow Tangents

04:06 min | 1 year ago

"volcano" Discussed on SciShow Tangents

"Threaten me so somebody very bumpy. What y'all think that volcano or is that airplane I'm gonna guess not having been on an airplane and several years later and not having stood near volcano. But i know that volcanoes are like bubbly and sometimes are accompanied by earthquakes and changing the ground and that does sound in my brain like what. The earthquake part like the bubbly earthquake. Part would sound like me. So i'm going to guess volcano to me. It sounds to regular to be something from mother earth. So i'm gonna guess airplane well. Serious corrected sam is not. That's not just a recording of erupting volcano. It is an underwater erupting volcano. Called n w rota dash one. Babbel's the recording with published by noah ocean exploration. It was made during a submarine ring of fire expedition in two thousand six which used to remotely operated vehicle called jason to explore submarine volcanoes along the mariana trench. It's it's Brother mission kevin and its other brother mission. Joel also of the project. Not actually those two are cool casual name for us exploration robot you mean noah like the nash notion louisiana atmospheric and not just like some guy named noah who run chase down. Rose like jason. Look at this. The researchers could use the vehicle remotely as the volcano built up. Its eruptive activity over a week of time. Releasing ash lava blocks and eventually glowing lava and they reported that it was easier to observe underwater volcanoes compared to land ones because the water dampens the movement of the rocks in the ash. So jason could just watch from a couple of meters away so that's really amazing. They also hooked up a portable underwater. Microphone called a hydrophone to record that dope audio that we just listen to round number two. Let's listen to this huh. Are what do you think that that volcano is that an aeroplane is there. Any type of airplane specifically it could be could be like a jet or a commercial airliner or it is a human made craft that flies through the air. Okay so to me. It sounded like if it was a volcano. It'd be like a flame theory volcano. It reminds me of the sound. We used to have a gas and let them matt would make when it would ignite kind of like a like an airy sound. So i'm going to guess airplane because it sounds airy but maybe it's like a really fiery volcano this to me sounds like the sound that somebody would listen to and then think oh i should make a game to make people guess whether this is a volcano on airplane keno. That sounds like an airplane is correct. It's sounds like an airplane. Recording of the tune gar rah wa volcano in ecuador erupted in two thousand and six recorded by dr robin matosa. Yada has been sped up six hundred times what we're really listening to is an infrasonic recording. That was to lake low for us to hear so volcanoes are very large and the creator of this volcano has a diameter of about three hundred four hundred meters and the sounds they emit are very large to with wavelength. That can reach hundreds of meters long. And those wavelengths put them in the infrasonic range which is below what is audible to us but that means the sound was can also travel really long distances allowing for researchers like dr matosa to record them already. I two or volcanoes but now he get to listen to round number three our final round. Is this a volcano or an airplane. i wish i didn't know so.

Babbel noah ocean earthquake jason mariana trench earthquakes sam Joel noah louisiana kevin dr robin matosa matt Yada ecuador dr matosa
"volcano" Discussed on SciShow Tangents

SciShow Tangents

04:07 min | 1 year ago

"volcano" Discussed on SciShow Tangents

"The world or layer of soot makes temps crash down and crops go kaput or undersea ridges. Newland is output. The earth isn't as still as we think underfoot the thing is this. Magma keeps our magnetic field flowing protecting our planet and giving heat to help life growing sane beauty in destruction go hand in hand is knowing that we're geology is kind of normal as we keep on ongoing. Our topic for the day is volcanoes. Sorry what's the volcano. So we have like a standard geological definition of volcano scratch their openings in the earth's crest where lava molten rock small chunks of rock steam. Other stuff under there erupt from it. So they can be a lot of different sizes. The lava can be a lot of different compositions. And sometimes it comes out explosively and sometimes it kinda like goups out like silly putty kind of but like the umbrella. Term of volcano includes things both on land and underwater like underwater vents where molten rock comes out and forms ridges or things like that but then in my brain the term starts getting a little weekly when you talk about like volcanoes that just emit steam because getting into like territory or like mud volcanoes or cry oh volcanoes on other planets which is like a water erupting code on the surface of a planet that we say is a volcano. But i don't think is the original flavor of vulgarity. Not really what we meant but look on other planets is is iraq. It is a mineral that a lot of things are made of. And then if it's like the whole if it's a planet of water and there's a crack and the water comes out. I don't know that's kind of lava right. And there's a aliens on those planets who are like those losers have volcanoes have molten rocks coming out and that doesn't count stupid right so as often as the case is a circumstance. Where as you look deeper things. Get a little confusing. The word volcano feels like it has got to have a cool origin story. I mean vulcan. Yeah it's very straightforward. So it comes from vulcan. The roman got fire the they. I applied volcano or like volcano to mount aetna. Because they thought it was where volkan the god did his four gene work. And then i had trouble find tracing back where volkan came from because it's not like they came up like they didn't just come up with a name being like we're going to call our god fire. Metalwork carl or stephen and so vulcan is possibly related to full gear meaning to flash so like full. Geant is a new word that i learned means break or dazzling and comes from a root word full gear from even further back route bell. Bhel which means to shine flash or burn. Have a word for that. Yeah well that means that. It is time to move onto the quiz portion of our show. This week i have a game for you because when it comes to learning about volcanoes is can be pretty useful. Various scientific instruments can be useful but ears can also be helpful so today we're going to highlight the volcanic music that scientists have recorded in a game of hear ye hear ye is. I'm gonna play you a piece of audio and you're going to have to guess if it is a volcano or if it is an airplane taking off scientists take audio of volcanoes gives them lots of useful data to compare and contrast different eruptions and actions that volcanoes undergo as a useful tool because seismology. But it sounds really rumbling. All right so now everybody. Let's listen to this. I sound and decide whether that is an airplane or a volcano. Threaten me so somebody very bumpy..

volkan Newland Metalwork carl Geant aetna iraq stephen
"volcano" Discussed on The Science Show

The Science Show

08:00 min | 1 year ago

"volcano" Discussed on The Science Show

"Last week we had looked on rare and useful metals and i promised to talk to the oxford geologist featured in the economist magazine. Who wants to drill down beneath volcanoes defined hot water packed with these metals renewable technologies and devices like your phones and e cars depend on them. So here's john. Blondie of oxford with what seems a challenging idea. How did you find. There was in fact this rich brine deep down well we got interested. In how volcanoes beliefs the giants or deposits ticket copy of its and the discovery of the brines debts of about two kilometers knee. Volcanoes came out of that research. Wade you look. I saw that. There's a reference to a volcano in new zealand. Yes so volcanoes. Ah well known for the hazards posed. They also afforded considerable bouncing may not volcano in new zealand white island. You're mentioning from sounds about a hundred tons. A year of straight apps the atmosphere four and a half kilograms of gold. The enos produce an awful of metal. Some of its discharge the atmosphere but gets trapped on the ground in these. Brian's will be talking about a the metals get tramped. The other thing about volcanoes coast with hamas. Sing at the same time is they. Produce lot of heats in geothermal power again in new zealand to rates way of producing zero. Co two energy to fuel the transitions low-carbon future so unbelievable bounty but up to four hundred degrees c when that be just too much to cope with so the challenge e robbins. That's the heart of the brine. The hubbard says the momento dissolves. So if you want to get more. Metals feel leader of brian. You need to have halt brine. Four hundred degrees sounds loss. It's a challenge. The frontier of geothermal drilling but with remembering that nineteen ninety-five japanese drilled into hot brines containing methods as the death of three and a half kilometers at the temperature of five hundred twenty degrees. So technology we to do. This is at least twenty five years old. He proving it's becoming less expensive but he's well within the reach of the industry. Is anyone doing it yet. No one's actually mining for brian's the new frontier. Gm was pulled super critical geothermal power their explorations going on again each panel so italy in tuscany drove into five hundred degree rock just a few months ago. The next challenge is to drilling to those rocks. Not just extracted heat but to get the bryans ass. That's an exciting challenge. It's not one. We comes to overcome. But it requires to think quite creatively about some of the materials and some of the ways league transport the brian the surface. Yes indeed well. Obviously copper is invaluable for the plans. We have for electric cars which have far more copper in them than do conventional internal combustion engine cars and the various e devices. We shall have in the future need lots and lots of copper but apart from that what other mineral or other rare earth's if you like are available through this brine well he's brian's are almost a who's who of superiority table of everything. So what we call the base metals like copper and zinc and manganese quite abundant. There are precious metals like gold and silver. There are some critical. Metals lithium is particularly abundant in these browns. But if you're asking me specifically about the rare earth elements lanthanides the neodymium cerium and so this is probably not the best place to be hunting for those. The concentrations tend to be quite low. I save is anyone doing it yet. Or even experimentally with the volcanoes themselves because obviously putting a cap on volcanoes very difficult thing but if this material landing nearby is that not a good source as well well actually. The best source is a question that the best source materials that the many volcanoes that have been drilled usually for geothermal reasons we recover coal. We've been hoovering up coal from around the world and tiny little droplets of briny fluid attracting crystals in madrid coal and that's what we analyzed. And that's how we know what's present debts in terms of actually drilling insure ryan lens next strutting the brian. That hasn't yet been done. And we're looking for funding to take this project to the next step identity. Fire taga volcano to than stopped drilling. But of course there are plenty of volcanoes is suggested in the article in the economist that in fact you get far more yield especially if coffer if you actually go to copper mines trouble. Is there any about ten of them left and they're being used up quite spectacularly but there are lots and lots of volcanoes and i would have thought you might have heard from several people who might be interested at the moment to take up this kind of industry. You'd be quite right. They economists article on the media coverage else wet. I wouldn't say my phone doesn't stop to ringing. But i've asked them interest. You quite writes about existing copper resources. Finding the really big minds is not easy. That limited to relatively few countries volcanoes are rather plentiful many countries. Don't have a big top of mind but do volcano. You may not be aware that's actually. In mainland europe fifteen countries have dolan's or active volcanoes could be amenable to this sort of mining so there are many mobile que nos than barat potential giant copper mines. And that's a big advantage. This method trouble is is very old landscape and we have fewer and we you'll not well endowed with volcanoes great country. Lots of other good stuff. But you're a bit light on volcanoes. Afraid it's interesting that new zealand just around the corner. Let's go plenty. Yes it's all a question of how close you onto a plate boundaries. Australia doesn't rise at the boundary of a place that you go to the north of australia new guinea there is a plate boundary there and also volcanoes in new guinea. You go to the east. So southeast downton museums aflaid boundary australia. South doesn't have an active play. Boundary of type gives rise. Volt gail with just south of the ring of fire ant way so there are plenty of the north. The ring of fire is pretty excellent. Place to be looking for volcanoes amenable to mining. Yes okay well. We've got phone calls coming in. what's the next stage. You have colleagues in science who backing you up as well. Lots of backing actually started as kinda crazy left field idea about five years ago and this is a project. It's cats on giving it's each turn. I expect to find something but rules out of further development but he just gets better and better so the next stage is. I'm looking for funding to starts exploring identifying taga volcanoes and drilling some polls most much to open minds as yet but just to test the viability of the concept in the field. And if you don't find the brine could use the grill anyway to get some of this energy that we need to address typically. That's a great question. What's kia is the the bounty from the metals and geothermal power may be of comparable value sir remains to be seen whether we talking about mines producing geothermal whether we're talking about geothermal plants to produce some metals. So it's win win. You see the whole and find well. It's all geothermal of mind. We've got metals but not that's abundance or we may actually find metals extract. Brian's but the geothermal power want what's mine toothy so you actually have two ways of winning incentives during volcanoes. I like win win. These days wishes up. thank you john. Bye bye jumbo. Bundy is royal society research professor at the department of earth sciences at oxford. So we shall see..

new zealand economist magazine brines oxford brian white island ryan lens Wade robbins hubbard giants hamas tuscany
"volcano" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

03:54 min | 1 year ago

"volcano" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

"So the star moving towards will have a spectra that will be slightly blue shift in the high frequencies showed a wave. Will the stein moving away from us. We'll have it spectra slightly red shift to lower frequencies longer wavelengths and so the two stars in the system can be separated by the doppler shift looking at about twenty degrees above the western horizon in the early evening is the fourth brightest celestial object in the sky the dog star sirius only the sun the moon and the planet venus look brighter to the northwest or ride of serious is another philly. Bright stock could press you on the brightest star in the constellation candidates. Mina the list dog in greek mythology kansas minor and candidates major iran's hunting dogs press yon is a binary star system comprising spit. You type main sequence white star pro ziana and the faint white will of companion press prescient bay main sequence stars of those undergoing hydrogen fusion into helium in they cause astronomers described stars in terms of special types customization system based on temperature and characteristics the hottest most massive in most luminous is expect your type of blue stars they followed by spectral type e blue white stars in spill type. Watched is special type. F wider szilard stars spectral type. Gao's stars that's her son fits in spectral type k aren stars and then the coolest and least massive of all stars a spectral type m red stars commonly referred to as red dwarfs eight spectral classification is also subdivided easy and numeric digit.

two stars about twenty degrees fourth brightest celestial kansas Gao evening venus greek
"volcano" Discussed on Bay Curious

Bay Curious

07:36 min | 1 year ago

"volcano" Discussed on Bay Curious

"More at sierra nevada dot com start hiking. Let's do the three of us set off up the main trail. It's a gorgeous day after some rain and the hillsides are a lovely green. I would describe it as a walk into history. Ten million years of history as we walk up and back in history. Michael is full of fun tidbits. We just saw white tailed. And there's red tailed. Hawks cooper's hawks. There's all different kinds of like when i was in outdoor educator. We used to say freddy fungus met alice algae and he took a liking to each other after twenty minutes of walking near the top of the trail. We took a hard turn their. We're walking around the other side of the mountain. Yeah we are. Yeah and we are going to be very close soon to where. The top of volcano was time we arrive. What i think is the volcano a steep. Drop off into a crater. But michael tells me. That's not the volcano people come here. Oh look there's a big deep pit there that was of also called derek. No that was. That was a mountain that was taken away. The pit was dug by mining companies. They used the rock to build bay area roads and other infrastructure but if the crater isn't the volcano where is it well. Michael says we're standing in. What would have been the middle of it right now. You would it be inside the volcano ten million years ago. It sounds really hot. I'd love to be able to be put in a time machine and taken there and to see any of the the lava were kind of the rocks or that. The smoke was coming out. At the time i kind of blows my mind. Think about it. Like we're standing in the middle of the volcano. It's amazing it's amazing to think about and yet most people have no idea that this exists ten million years ago these hills would have looked more like your typical volcano with a peak and lava flowing out of it. Now it doesn't look anything like that is at the top of the volcano. One time would have been just across the valley from what we're looking. It has eroded away. The volcano has tilted on. Its side it's on its side. No wonder it doesn't look like volcano to understand all this geology. I went to kimberly blizniuk. A professor of geology. At san jose state there is something called the mendocino. Triple junction geologists. Just call it that because of where they found it and the mendocino triple junction is right now. Currently off the coast of mendocino as the name suggests it's a place where three plate boundaries come together a triple junction. Ten million years ago. That junction used to be down here near the east bay. At sibley volcanic region. The three plates are colliding sliding past one another and overlapping. The place where they meet is like a t junction and there's a little hole that allows magma under the earth to bubble up that's called a slab window. It's the slab window where magma bursts up through the crust and form a volcano and what are now the east bay hills sibley volcanic regional preserve and it gets crazier over millions of years after lots of earthquakes. Moving tectonic plates and shifting pressure. The land began to full. that's hello ball keno got turned on its side. Bear with me here. The best way to think about it is if you take pages of a book and you squeeze them together magin one hand on the spine of a closed paperback book and the other hand on the opposite pages. Now squeeze the pressure coming from both sides forces one part and the other down and what happens is that the pages will fold into a bowl and a little arc. It looks like a sine wave at sibley. The pressure came from faults and the book and this analogy is the land. We get something called congressional. Deformation where we squeeze the earth because There's a lot of stress that's being transferred from a calaveras to the hayward fall as these folks are evolving and producing earthquakes. When you squeeze the land between these faults they start to fold and tilt back on the hiking trail at sibley preserve. I looked behind me and see the tallest peak around round top. It's a conical mountain and looks more like how i imagine. An extinct volcano would look but no it was the center of the volcano. It's really have to count imagine it right. It's really hard to imagine when geologists examined the rock that makes up round pop. They found a came from deep within the earth it was pushed up by thousands of earthquakes and lots of plate movement over millions of years. Rally top is being eroded away more slowly than the other mountains and that's why it looks kind of like it stands on its own and that's why people think it is the volcano. Well they're partly right. It was part of the volcano. The best evidence. I can see the volcano that once stood. Here are some really cool rocks. All those reminds you of a place in the south west. that's not california right because of that redder utah or like you're on mars or something very kind of alien landscape. But there's one more thing we haven't explored yet it really drops off Does so the bottom of the quarry is a labyrinth that was secretly built in one thousand. Nine hundred ninety. It's a dirt path lined with grass and volcanic rock the trail loops back on itself creating a big circle about fifty feet across at the center. People have left trinkets. It was a beautiful round spot already. It already felt sacred. It already felt so good there helena. Mozzarella is the woman behind the labyrinth at the bottom of the quarry what michael called the most famous labyrinth in the bay area. Thirty years ago. Helena lived near sibley and would hike there often with her pet goat together. They'd wandered down to the bottom of the quarry. One day she decided to build a labyrinth out of mud. Labyrinth is one of the oldest contemplative transformational tools that mankind used for centuries. I mean centuries old at mazes what you get lost in. This is a labyrinth. It's universal so there's one way in and one way out. It's a type of walking meditation. The bay area has many labyrinths including famous ones in grace cathedral and lands end. I just did it just to do it right. I just did it with mud. Didn't even think it was going to last that long and actually it has been there thirty years. The east bay regional parks district doesn't condone rogue labyrinth builders but this one has been there so long and tended with such care that they look the other way.

Helena california san jose thirty years mars Thirty years ago Michael michael one thousand thousands of earthquakes Ten million years ago ten million years ago Ten million years Nine hundred ninety three plates both sides twenty minutes three earth one way