17 Burst results for "Victor gal"

"victor gal" Discussed on KQED Radio

KQED Radio

05:16 min | 11 hrs ago

"victor gal" Discussed on KQED Radio

"Lawmakers are holding their annual National People's Congress. The forum where the big decisions are announced, if not always made. Things is where last year a new security law for Hong Kong, which critics say is being used to stifle dissent, was made public. This time, it's been announced that Hong Kong electoral system will be overhauled to, in the words of a senior official make sure Patriots are in charge. He was accompanied by the Chinese Premier Li Cho Chang, warning the world against interfering in Hong Kong. The mall. I spoke to Victor Gala, former Chinese diplomat and vice president of the Center for China and Globalization, I think tank closely affiliated with the Chinese government. Hong Kong is an integral part of China. China resumed the exercise of its sovereignty over Hong Kong ever since July. The 1st 1997 and China operates Hong Kong under the one country, two systems principle, which will remain in effect up to 2047. China cares about Hong Kong very much. And China. Hong Kong economies are very much integrated together. I think two men in blue of law in Hong Kong and democracy and to maintain Hong Kong is a vibrant economy is very Important for mainland China as well as for Hong Kong and for the rest of the world. We want to see peace and stability and rule of law prevailing Hong Kong We do not want to see chaos and sabotage and unlawful gatherings and protests. Prevailed in Hong Kong. You mentioned that the word democracy and yet if we're to believe local reporting, the elections are to be deferred once again, perhaps the September 2022 that doesn't sound a particular commitment to democracy. Well. Democracy has different forms in different countries. For example, in the United States, people have never in history directly elected is president in the United Kingdom, where you are from the British people never had the chance to directly elect their prime minister. So democracy does not have one single form and formula and I think Hong Kong is a democracy. People do cherish their democratic rights. Demonstrations and protests salons. They are legal happened very frequently in Hong Kong. You have freedom of press freedom of education, etcetera. Yes, the National security law in which large numbers of the pro democracy campaigners are in jail or have fled Hong Kong in fear for their their liberty. Would say for any control jurisdiction. There is a national security of law aspect to it. And when the British were ruling Hong Kong up to June 30 1997, the British actually had its national security operations in Hong Kong. When they came out of Hong Kong. They brought many of these operatives. Out of Hong Kong back to the United Kingdom. So we're talking about Hong Kong that we're talking about a generation of people who are keen on a different way of form of governance that keen on going to the streets. They're keen on taking part in elections and all these things have bean blocked by the authorities. No, I don't think so. I think elections in Hong Kong very vibrant. You have more than 20 different political parties. Can you believe it? For Hong Kong, which is strong on Lee having a population of about eight million people, so I hope democracy will prevail, but democracy will be established on rule of law. Other than by violating rule of law. And I think how the chief executive in Hong Kong will eventually be elected and handled. That's purely a matter for Hong Kong people in consult a shin with the central government in Beijing. Yes, if you look at some of the changes being mooted, for example. The size of the Legislative Council increased yes, from the outside that might look more put more role for democracy, more people in power to make decisions and yet The proportion of those directly elected by the people will be reduced. It's actually a way of constraining democracy. Allow me to disagree with how you characterized this situation. Looking again at the UK situation have the upper house the House of the Lord. You have the Lower house, The House of Commons. You never have direct election for members of the House of Lords for all these hundreds of years. And this is the real busy in UK, which is very different from the reality in Hong Kong. Now Hong Kong need to figure out its own way off how democracy will be protected and defended them promoted and how it's rule of law will be maintained. The king is maintaining stability. Rather than throwing Hong Kong into chaos or anarchy. That's the biggest challenge the people and the government in Hong Kong are faced with right now, so it's a victor gal form a Chinese diplomat diplomat and the vice president of the Center for China and Globalization. Pope Francis is expected to.

United Kingdom Victor Gala United States September 2022 Center for China and Globaliza House of Lords Pope Francis last year Beijing June House of Commons UK Li Cho Chang Lee July National People's Congress one country 2047 two men about eight million people
"victor gal" Discussed on WNYC 93.9 FM

WNYC 93.9 FM

10:27 min | 1 year ago

"victor gal" Discussed on WNYC 93.9 FM

"Past the hour let's go to Hong Kong now and its leader chief executive Carrie lam has warned anti government protest is not to push the city into quote and a base but miss lamb gave up what was an unusual press conference she appeared emotional she cold on protest is to put aside their differences her reaction came off that yes another us or the tense weekend in succession of demonstrations in Hong Kong apple was shut down by the protest as hundreds of them occupied the main terminal that now left but there is still delays and cancellations I'm in the press conference Carrie lam came under stiff questioning but she defended the police's actions in particular the police have had a very difficult time in the last two months to enforce the law and to ensure law and order in Hong Kong the police have very rigid and stringent guidelines in the use of appropriate force and that requires the lowest level of force in dealing with those situations the police behavior has become one of the issues brought up constantly by the protesters in the background of course is this extradition law which caused great controversy brought forward by Carrie lam then withdrawn but not completely killed but speak about the situation I was Victor gal once again welcome back to the program Victor former Chinese diplomats and behind the center for China and globalization respected think tank based in Beijing first off with some of the language I think so welcome back some of the languages being used now people talking of terra rather than protest as well at what point does the central government in Beijing lose patience somewhat will let look like what do you need to what is happening in Hong Kong is no longer a peaceful demonstrations all protests the ball a lot of violence Kael's attacks on the police and it is as the central government here in Beijing has labeled it and I think this is a very dangerous situation is reaching a tipping point as far as the central government in Beijing is concerned I think it will strictly abide by the route one country two systems individual defendant basically all you call and the goal is to make sure that peace and stability and low all come back to haunt call and how to achieve this I think it will require many things including for example expressing full confidence fall Carrie lam and their government as well as the police force in Hong Kong and also making all the preparations just to be ready to stepping whenever it is necessary and the moment I think the Hong Kong government on the Kerry lab is folly catching the full trust all the central government and the walk point four billion Chinese people on the mainland we fully trust the government to do the job and bring home call back to okay all that and mall the use of the word terra I mean I'm going to pick you up on that victim because surely the people who have suffered any violence all the protest as I think anyone who's watched this I mean you couldn't you we can disagree and I'm sure we would to disagree and argue back and forth about who is responsible for violence but in all these protests three months no one has died this isn't terra as we normally talk about it when Beijing uses that kind of phrase what are they preparing for well first of all are there are physical attacks on the police forces are performing duty in Hong Kong then according to recalls the police falls in Hong Kong has discovered a large trolls all firearms explosives stored away de connect you with the violence in Hong Kong and then some of the writers have no qualms in throwing petrol bombs and the cookies causing injury and attached to the properties so I think if we call this number behind it this is not true central government has warned that it is getting Mormon Coles and closer to terra and we need to be fully aware of the danger also terra being struck here in Hong Kong and eventually as Carrie lam sets up probably the situation in Hong Kong may be pushed into the abyss well I want to thank you once again for coming on the to the to go on the line from Beijing pictures one of those who runs the center for China and globalization for much Chinese diplomat you're listening to Newsday on the BBC world service Lawrence in China with you this morning some news just in the former president of Kyrgyzstan I must back up somebody have has been charged with murder and plotting a coup the prosecutor general said Mr somebody have had been accused of killing a special forces officer as well as taking hostages and unlawfully carrying a weapon during a recent attempt at to arrest him at his heavily guarded compound let's get sport now about the canyon and the merry wives of playing singles at the US open even though he completed a match at the Cincinnati masters event being beaten in straight sets by Richard Gasquet he says he needs a bit more much time before he knows he's ready for five sectors of a grand slam coming back from the hip operation of course other stories promoter Eddie Hearn is defended agreeing to host the Anthony Joshua and the rooster and you're very much in Saudi Arabia saying it could change boxing forever and he insists Ruiz has signed for the fight despite the unified world heavyweight champion not sharing any details on social media since it was announced last Friday and Gulf Europe's Solheim Cup team very much against the United States will include well number six hundred and twenty shoes I'm practicing given a wild card pick for her nice intercontinental competition despite playing only two tournaments in the last year and we've been hearing this morning from the man who's trying to turn around Simba tons in its biggest football club so that it can make a serious challenge across Africa mode to cheat now it's forty nine percent of Simba's put mail in millions of dollars he's changed the club structure and he's trying to reconnect the team with the fans of the many of them lost interest we had from him how fanatic are telling us what's been achieved at Cimber in eighteen months I remember they have been bringing in tens of thousands of supporters to recent games and I made the quarterfinals of the champions league last season he says what they're doing can have a much wider impact starting with their local rivals young Africans younger as then basically bike by improving Simba we improving Gallagher moving Galgo we improving the leak all stars in here and you do see also in the in the charm and we forced after thirty nine years forty five a couple of nations this is or was partly instigated by symbol sports club and I believe Simba sports clubs not only building the rivals and also giving confidence in clubs that are in the future when you have a good local teams then you will have fun tastic national team and that is weird okay as would be able to come to Europe except exceptional if you if you look at what you've done in in December and in and in Tanzania and then you look around the rest of his or large parts of subsaharan Africa in particular you've built your model in part based on what you soar in North Africa with some Alec yes do you think that clubs in Nigeria or Kenya or DR Congo or at least you know large parts of the continent should look at what you have done we already been approached you know from clubs from allow reforms Ambia from Kenya like gore my love the baby club and they want to come and study structure how we've done it you know hall was system works so the order now want to emulate and and I hope you know it kind of changes at the whole system off running football in this region that's my day to chairman and major investor intention is Simba sports club on what he's doing to change his club and therefore might changes in football across East Africa ambience spot today eighteen thirty GMT thanks bye see Medicaid the Australian government is donating three hundred and forty million dollars to Pacific island nations at risk from rising sea levels and climate change the low lying islands are at at rice in the firing line when it comes to climate change and its associated rise in sea levels Matt Davis were business staff is here Matt well this money actually make any difference my account heard can it's about a group of hate to the small Pacific islands has said that it'll amounts to nothing if Australia itself doesn't know its own carbon emissions the idea is that this home for million Australian dollars goes towards renewable energy projects and disaster relief throughout the Pacific but to release prime minister has said that putting all this money on the table doesn't actually creates an excuse not to do the right thing which is cutting emissions and in his words not opening new coal mines Australia's prime minister Scott Morrison so that when it comes to emissions his country would smash it's twenty twenty Kyoto commitments and meet its Paris agreement targets and it's the Pacific islands that are really a threat here yes if globe the woman continues and sea levels rise Kerry Patsy and Tuvalu on and risk of literally being submerged there's a kind of mantra among climate change activists in the Pacific one point five to stay alive that means limiting a rise in global temperatures to one point five degrees above where they are now anything above that and we're looking at a potentially catastrophic rise in sea levels between one and four feet at three feet Majuro the capital of the Marshall Islands is largely gone and it's not just rising sea levels climate change means more powerful typhoons in the Pacific which could spell disaster for these islands of basically Australia is expected to take the lead on this but as with all these emissions targets if the most industrialized world keeps missing targets when it comes to environmental disasters and so on Hoffa billion dollars will be a drop in the ocean literally.

Hong Kong Carrie lam chief executive forty million dollars forty nine percent thirty nine years billion dollars eighteen months five degrees three months three feet two months four feet
"victor gal" Discussed on KQED Radio

KQED Radio

13:34 min | 2 years ago

"victor gal" Discussed on KQED Radio

"Hard talk on the BBC World Service with me Steven sack. My guess today is at a ringside seat from which to observe arguably the greatest geopolitical shift of the last fifty years, the remarkable rise of China as a global economic and strategic. Superpower victim gal was lucky enough to be in the first class of Chinese students to be allowed to study at university. After the dog is of mouse, cultural revolution. He studied English. His abilities got him a job as interpreter for the architect of China's post Mao economic resurgence Deng Xiaoping gal was there as Deng met. Reagan Thatcher and other world leaders and delivered. His message of reform and economic cooperation much has happened since then thirty years ago, the suppression of the pro democracy movement and tenement square revealed the determination of the communist. Party to maintain its iron grip on power. China's economic miracle has continued to unfold, but the country's current president Xi Jinping is pursuing a mall of for a -tarian, nationalist agenda. Both at home and abroad. Victor gal is now a well-connected think tank analysts in Beijing his country preparing to fight and win a battle for global supremacy. Well, he joins me now, Victor gal welcome to haunt took. Thank you for having me as I just observed. It is thirty years this year since the suppression of those tenement square pro-democracy protests much has changed in economic terms over the past thirty years, but not so much politically the communist party still has a tight grip on power. You surprised by the lack of political change? Well, first of all, you're right. It is the year anniversary of the very unfortunate. Event in chemist square. However, it is also fortieth year anniversary for China's opening up to the outside world reform, and I would say ever since then GOP China has been in the direction of reform and opening to the outside world. And that's the only reason we can explain why there is so much transformation in China. But I asked you, whether you were surprised awesome prize by the lack of fundamental political change, the supremacy of the communist party, the one party system is in place today, and appears to be as strong as it ever was. Well, yes, the rule by the communist party of China is indeed a reality people in China need to live with that reality and people in the rest of the world would also need to live with the reality. But that doesn't mean that the reform political reform in particular is not moving forward. I think we are talking about the changing China almost on the daily basis. I see very little evidence of reform. If one is talking about a progressive sort of reform a loosening of the control of the party. In fact, one could say that under president Xi Jinping, we see a very different trend trend toward strongman rule and authoritarianism. Well, it depends on how you look at the situation in China. For example, internet usage is widespread. And we're talking about more than one billion people using smart fall and internet connection, for example, and people keep talking with each other bouncing off ideas of all kinds, and generally speaking there is no problem with that. Of course, there is a short list of read bible issues that the government does not while the people that again because the BBC, for example, is online news of is blocked in China, you know, much better than I that the repressive level of censorship in China. Far from loosening is tightening says his Europe does exist. In China, and it impacts on BBC and couple of other international news media's I consider that as unfortunate. And hopefully, eventually there will be less as ship leading towards no censorship at all. And I really hope there will be a day where people in China can freely watch BBC and others, for example. It is interesting to me your personal background because you with your gift to the English language were chosen as a young man to be one of the interpreters for Deng Xiaoping, you're side, some of the most important meetings held with Ronald Reagan, Margaret, Thatcher, and others. So you have a long history of looking very closely at the Chinese leadership, you say that you see continuity between Deng Xiaoping, and she Jinping many China experts around the world see a departure. I'm going to quote to you. Kevin Rudd, the Chinese-speaking form. Australian Prime minister who says that she Jinping represents a clear departure from Deng Xiaoping's offered Oxy which was his quote, hide your strength by your time. I never take the lead Xi Jinping on the international stage. Very different. It is true that looking for things helping as his illusion tip. It was the highlight of my career, and I've benefited from that experience ever since I would say China has changed profoundly over the pasta thirty or forty years and China today is a much larger much more impactful and powerful country than under jumping. However, regardless of the fact that there are people in China, and especially out of China talk differently about Xi Jinping, I think she Jinping and the current leadership of China are still moving in the same direction of reform and opening to the outside world using this word reform. And I guess I keep challenging you. How can you cost it as reform the degree to which Xi Jinping is recreating what looks to many like a cult of personality? He's investing power not just in the centralized communist party. But in himself and his closest associates that surely is reminiscent of now first of all personality cult doesn't work in China. Then it will not be helpful for anyone in China, including president Xi Jinping on the other hand. I think a stronger leader a more centralized leadership, given China's segments disease and challenges today may not be a bad thing for China. So it really depends on whether we look more profoundly into the realities in China realities in China know, well because you live there. I mean, for example, this new app that many millions of Chinese I've been required to download the news in the last few months. The study the great nation app, and it is devoted. Let's be honest to promoting the image of she Jinping a very respected academic. Have you downloaded and then filled in the study the great nation app. Personally. I have not downloaded this app at all. All Secondly, I would say that the fact that there are more than one hundred Xi Jinping fault. Institutions research academy is being set up in recent years. Probably more reflect the emotions of the leaders on the second tier or even third tier who really want to create the impression that they really love Xi Jinping. For example, rather than the personal preferences of president Xi Jinping himself the way in which you get points for showing your knowledge of she Jinping in his greatness. It's part of a much bigger picture, isn't it in which the Chinese government is using its dominant presence online in China to survey all monitor and indeed judge the citizens of the country, and the government is going to launch this national Social Credit system, you happy to live in that kind of country. First of all, I think a monitoring by the government of the social behavior of the people. Does exist in China that all quite a few aspects of that which I personally do not like two hundred million surveillance cameras more than four times as many as in the United States in a says in China, if you walk around it cetera, you'll be monitored. And that's for sure however on the other hand allow me to emphasize one point I think the overall priority all such more than three is due to make the society, safer most stable, then well, sometimes it could be very intrusive, sometimes a impacts on people's privacy cetera. It's like a choice between two evils and the government in China. Apparently choose the so called lesser evil to follow. Eventually, I hope the government can be more sophisticated in achieving their goals of anti-terrorism antic- stream ISM anti-separatism, for example, and people can have a freer atmosphere to operate in. And they can view for example websites from. Abroad. I'll watch BBC for example. I believe one day that they will come. Yes. I just wonder why you think it is not coming right now. And why China is building this extraordinary infrastructure of what can only be described as a big brother society. Why do you think it is doing today in the sense? Yes, indeed. Especially with internet technologies, for example, the government can achieve much higher efficiency Iman eter in the society. However, as I just know mation that overall prevailing priority is still to prevent for example, the country plunging into instability or allowing terrorism to prevail in China. The rationale is one based on fear and insecurity fear of its own people, I suppose, but would that go through to the business sector as well. I noticed that the the leading analyst of China, Elizabeth economy who works at the council on foreign relations in the United States has looked very closely at the degree to which the communist party is intruding more and more into private enterprises into private businesses that they are demanding now to see exactly what is happening have seats inside the controlling boards of many different private businesses. Is that also based on fear fear of the private sector of fear is the word you use? However, I would say men taking stability has always been a pillar of what shopping talked about in achieving great transformation in China. And of course, the government sometimes have different interpretations definition of stability. However, I think the motivation is more overriding motive. Vacation for maintaining stability. It's not a fear of instability. It's driving force for maintaining stability. What about one of the most basic human rights of all that is the freedom to express yourself? You work for a leading think tank in Beijing. You are a man who goes to conferences around the world to express your opinion of what's happening in China. But the truth is you're not as a Chinese citizen free to express all of your Ford's about what is happening in your country. I agree with the underlying presumption of your question that is indeed there is more restriction in expressing yourself. All make he'll speech is it cetera in China. And I would say that's the reality. The government is very strict about certain shortlist of red button issues, for example. And they basically insist that you should not even talk about it or otherwise, you probably will find yourself in difficulty. So you you tread a delicate line. I'm sure you read the paper written by chew Chan ruin the leading academic Jin Choi university last year in which he wrote quote people nationwide, including the entire bureaucratic elite feel once more lost in uncertainty about the direction of our country and about their own personal security and this rising Zion. He has spread into a degree of panic throughout Chinese society. A deeply critical article about the authoritarian ISM that he sees in. She jinping. Did you read it? I think express us like this very much exaggerated to why. Let's get. I'm just interested in your freedom to talk to me about sentiment. Like that. Did you read it? Yes. You did. There are more expressions like that in China, especially on the social media. It's not surprising because we're having a population of one point four billion and lots of scholars or economics, for example, feel threatened in that kind of environment. It is true. However, I will say personally, I would more emphasize the more positive side, but we'll get to that a minute. But you you say it's not surprising that you can read this stuff. It actually is very surprising because of the risks people run every time they declare the disagreement with the party line and particularly with Xi Jinping himself the academic. I just quoted has since been suspended by his university. We know that reporters without borders issued a new report in which China is now one hundred sixty seven out of one hundred eighty countries in the world and. Terms of press freedom, we know that fifty or more journalists are currently imprisoned for their writings and their dissident words. So you live in a country where for you as an independent intellectual life is extraordinarily risky if.

China Xi Jinping communist party president Deng Xiaoping BBC Beijing Jinping Reagan Thatcher Victor gal Europe United States Kevin Rudd Steven sack Chinese government Ford Ronald Reagan Iman eter
"victor gal" Discussed on World News Analysis

World News Analysis

01:48 min | 2 years ago

"victor gal" Discussed on World News Analysis

"John himself as well as as represented by him, the Chinese leadership as a whole in terms of understanding the real crux of the better in China US relations. I think is very courage in that the Chinese leadership is very fully convinced that a nothing fundamentally wrong will happen between China the United States causing resulting in that decoupling of China US rations after all China US relations are very much intertwined with each other and the two economies are very much interconnected with each other and trying to achieve completed de-coupling will first of all not be possible for Secondly, it will be hugely damaging to the fundamental interest of the American people to start with but also of those will be damaging to the Chinese people. And therefore, I hope they'll be no one, really. Out of their decency or out of their mind in trying to pursue such a fraud the policy of trying to decouple the economy's all the society at large in China with that of the United States. It's a mission impossible. I think the better way as the Chinese leaders have described again, again is that whether you like it on China and the United States will need to learn how to get along with each other. Thank you very much. Unfortunately, that's all the time. We have for this edition of our panel. And I wanna thank our guests current affairs commentator, Victor gal and Mike appears Zurich insurance group professor of risk and finance at its university. And don't forget you can't download our podcast by searching for world news analysis. I'm so we have nice weekend..

China United States Victor gal John fraud professor Mike
"victor gal" Discussed on World News Analysis

World News Analysis

04:00 min | 2 years ago

"victor gal" Discussed on World News Analysis

"The from the Bush administration and above this the two previous intimacy in the United States has investor law and thinking that to a kind of strategic partnership with with with ING Trump has Titian. I think after take took over certainly I think continue to pursue kind of strategy to build up the relationship. But as we all know that this ministration that president Ciampi in particular, also pursues kind amac's versed doctrine and placing prime minister in president President Trump himself, particularly I think. Very much focusing on trade deficit. So for the pasta too. Yes. And the more this by the talks between the two countries on how to narrow address that the deficit. It seems that the United States the very much unhappy of frustrated about the slow or no progress of reaching that kind of compromise compromise. That's exactly is think the the statement by the UNHCR's this too seems out the India has failed to provide the kind of short insist for for u s with equitable and reasonable excess to the market, by the way, the markets of India is very much icing attractive for for United States. So I think by terminate by announcing the termination of the the yes p it's such an amazing to stay hopes that the impose more. Scher to to force India to change the policy secure much, Dr own for your time this evening, we've been talking with Dr roaming, west president and a senior research fellow at the China Institute of international studies coming up in other Canadian minister quits over the essence e level scandal. You're listening today. I'm eat will be back in a minute. I am on Koch idea. I teach at the university in today has organized its programs, and it says on bringing in a lot of us from all over. It is an extremely good platform for information and analysis than I wish all success in the future. Huber listening to today. A second member of Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau cabinet has resigned a scandal. Connecting the prime minister to the late Libyan leader more Qaddafi now has Canadians questioning whether their Justice system can operate independent of government influence. I Canada's former attorney general resigned last week. She claimed that Trudeau and his team interfered with presecution of a Canadian firm accused of funneling money to the family. The attorney general set chewed up pressure pressured her to reach a settlement with that Montreal-based affirm known as SNC level white doing so would would save thousands of jobs. The prime minister is said about claimed now this week. The president of Canada's treasury board has quit Trudeau's cabinet to protest his alleged meddling in that case these two resignations suggest full out within Trudeau government is gaining momentum. And the S pressure to the prime. Minister who's losing public support about whether the Justice system can remain independent now. Join us on the phone Victor gal our current affairs commentator, so Victor, how can Canadians expect the course to operate fairly given the attorney general's claim that Trudeau tried to influence the outcome of a case. I mean does this alleged interference rise to the level of obstruction of Justice?.

prime minister Justin Trudeau president United States India ING Trump Trump attorney UNHCR Ciampi amac Canada Victor Scher Koch Huber SNC Qaddafi
"victor gal" Discussed on The Science Show

The Science Show

03:25 min | 2 years ago

"victor gal" Discussed on The Science Show

"Result. The truth is often leads to the worst. How was building on the work of the mathematicians Johnny von Neumann, John Nash, both of them worked in the Princeton institute for advanced study home to such luminaries as Alba Stein for Norman invented game theory, which tells us the optimum logical strategies using social situations. Nash, the anti hero in the film, A Beautiful Mind showed optimum strategies can land us in distinctly, non optimal traps. The tragedy of the Commons is a major example, what Norman Nash could both be quite funny and self deprecating for Norman was hung Aaron and he wants to find the Hungarian a someone who could enter a revolving door behind you and come out in front when Iraq Nashes a bitch URI for the guardian newspaper. I mentioned his fight with mental illness and came across a quote where he said mathematicians comparatively sane as a group. It is the people who study logic that are not so saying, but study logic we must and find some way out of the paradoxes that can lead to paradoxes where some interest volving door at the back, but through the pursuit of self interest. Come out in front that is until everyone knows cotton's onto their strategy on the door gets insanely jammed in the crush, this is essentially what could happen with Antarctic Treaty. And with many of the other serious global problems that confront us cooperation could get us out of many of the messes, but only if we all agree to cooperate. Unfortunately, I'd only takes a few to pursue their narrow self interest for the cooperation to collapse. And when it does all those driven to pursue their interests out of self protection and things soon get out of hand. That's when we see the collapse of ecosystems and the collapse of societies as as happening with increasing frequency around the world. What can we do about it big financial institutions? My hold an important key research is led by Victor gal from the Stockholm resilience institute of recently shown, these institutions between them have the as yet unrealized ability to direct investments to bolster or undermined the earth's climate on ecological systems. So investors in this institution's and those in control need to be fully informed about the consequences of the company's activities both for the world and for their own long-term prophets and made to realize the pow they ultimately hold. But it is people like you science show listeners who matter most you're not on the interested in science knows ramifications. But you also value science under enthusiastic about it. I believe our best chance for secure future. Indeed for any future at all as to transmit that enthusiasm and sense of value to act as catalysts, so that spreads through the wider community displacing, and washing aside, supposedly practical, but in the long-term, very impractical considerations that way so much with politicians and business people let's begin with the antibiotic treaty and environmental protocol, Australia has a stake and a vote by leading politicians know, how important that vote might be as an investment for future. We'd be making a good start Lynn Fischer Xia sorrow now in physics at the university of Bristol. Congratulations to you with your A m..

Norman Nash John Nash Johnny von Neumann Lynn Fischer Xia Stockholm resilience institute Princeton institute Alba Stein Aaron Iraq Nashes university of Bristol Australia cotton
"victor gal" Discussed on WNYC 93.9 FM

WNYC 93.9 FM

15:56 min | 2 years ago

"victor gal" Discussed on WNYC 93.9 FM

"India make history by entering a prominent Hindu shrine. They've been banned from for decades that given those who oppose them their victory may be a dangerous one. I'm worried about their safety. They might be killed. They will turn them today. What kind of do we have this moment on China's social revolution a credit system that rewards good behavior, but alarms, many, I the news. BBC news. I'm John shea police in southern India have used tear gas and water cannons. Dispersed right-wing protesters who angry that's two women have worshipped at a high profile shrine the Asaba Ramallah temple in Kerala is at the center of a bitter dispute between conservatives and liberals last September a court ruling struck down the temples longstanding ban on all women of menstruating age, the months protesters continued to prevent women from answering early on Wednesday to women in their forty s visited the shrine in darkness, the rights activist Trump decides says it's a triumph for women. I shall Brima. Lemme the entry of women in the temporal today is a historic win for us. It's a victory for equality, and it's a victory for women. Because after the verdict of the supreme court, the protesters were opposing the entry of women and today that protest has become unsuccessful priests later conducted what they called a purification ritual. Will the president of Italy's national health research organization? Valter Ricciardi says he resigned last month because of what he called anti-scientific government policies. Gems rentals has the details. Professor Walter Ricciardi accuses at least populous government of supporting anti scientific policies in an interview with the Korea de LA Serra newspaper. Professor charity said that populists in general have great difficulty interacting with science. He was scathing about the Italian administration's attitude towards vaccinations. He criticized the deputy prime minister Matteo Salvini who has publicly questioned the need for obligatory. Vaccination programmes official sources in southern Afghanistan. Say Taliban militants have carried out an attack on an Afghan army base by tunneling under it and detonating explosives officials said six members of the security forces died only, our trustee reports this is not the first. The Taliban have used tunnels to carry out attacks. But at eight hundred meters in length, this is unprecedented. It must have taken at least a month to complete and questions have been raised as to how the army base in question failed to notice it can the police have long criticized the national army for not taking the fight to the Taliban. That failure argue has resulted in the fall of five big bases in Kandahar province last year alone. Danish police say six people have been killed in a train accident on the great belt bridge linking the islands of Zeeland and sixteen others were injured. The victims were on board. A passenger train bound for Copenhagen. Investigators say the accident was most likely caused by an empty trailer from a passing freight train, which I the heads. The passenger train or fell on the tracks in front of it. The bridge has been closed to rail traffic wealth news from the BBC. This is WNYC in New York. I'm shumita Basu thirty five degrees right now, kind of cloudy skies over New York going up to forty one degrees this afternoon. Governor Andrew Cuomo was sworn in for a third time last night on Ellis Island. He pledged to make New York a beacon of progressivism and a paragon of social unity in a time of deep national divisions. WNYC's Fred mogul reports the imagery wasn't subtle in the great historic hall that welcomed millions of immigrants almost had political leaders in Washington are betraying the legacy of E pluribus Unum or out of many one the easiest target to blame is always the people who are different the answer. Cuomo said is for New York to promote tolerance, bypassing what he called the most progressive agenda. This state has ever seen with items like criminal Justice reform expanded voting access that are backed by the democratic majorities in the assembly and the state Senate hundreds of people flocked to Coney Island to Wade in the unseasonably warm waters for the annual polar bear plunge yesterday. The one hundred fifteen. Running of the event is usually much as much of an endurance challenge as it is a celebration of the new year, but with temperatures in the high fifties Gotham missed photographer, Scott Lynch says organizers were surprised to see how many people showed up for the swim officials actually had to yell at people to get out of the way out of the water because you know, wave after way wanted to get in and there were some clogging up with shorelines. Lynch says about four times as many people took the plunge this year than at the start of twenty eighteen which if you'll remember temperatures was just around seventeen degrees. The event goes back to nineteen o three and raises money for various charities. It will be partly sunny today. We'll hit a high of forty seven degrees right now. Thirty six degrees in New York at nine oh six. Hello. I'm Rosa Ekvall. Welcome to NewsHour from the BBC World Service. It comes to you live from our studios in central London. We begin today with a conflict that is decades old between China and the Republic of China also known as Taiwan. It's leaped onto the top of the news agenda because of a speech made by the Chinese president Xi Jinping the speech was made to Mark forty years since Beijing ended the military bombardment of Taiwanese controlled islands off the mainland to focus instead on diplomacy. This shot against the bows. Ratchets up the pressure on Taiwan's pro self rule government China claims Taiwan as its territory in his speech, president she said Taiwan's separation from the mainland was a historic wound. That must be healed to complete what he referred to as the Chinese dream. We are willing to use the greatest sincerity and trial very best to strive for the prospect of peaceful reunification because to realize reunification through peaceful methods is most beneficial to our cross-strait compatriots and the whole Chinese nation. We do not promise to renounce the use of force and reserve the option to use all necessary measures. President. She warned that unification of Taiwan with China was inevitable and any attempt by Taiwan to assert its independence could be met with force. Dumbo? The vast majority of Taiwan compatriots, regardless of which political party, religion or social class. They are in or whether they are soldiers or civilians or with region, they are in should be clearly aware that Taiwan independence can only lead. Taiwan to a great disaster. Well, for her part, the Taiwanese president signing one said the island will never accept reunification with China under the terms offered by Beijing king here in town. The Tampa today's speech by China's leader has confirmed out doubts here. I want to reiterate that Taiwan will never accept one country two systems, the majority of the Taiwanese public also resolutely oppose one country two systems. This is the Taiwan consensus. Well, I've been speaking to Victor gal chairman of the China energy Security Institute and a supporter of president cheese policy towards Taiwan. He gave me his assessment of Beijing's message, president Xi Jinping today in Beijing made a very important and landmark speech, he not only talked about what has happened over the past forty years seeings mainland. China made this direct message to the compatriots in Taiwan in one thousand nine hundred seventy nine but also outlined what mainland China wanted to achieve in promoting peaceful reunification of motherland of particular importance is the proposal he put on the table to start cross-strait democratic process of consolidation involving political parties and people well recognized in the society in mainland China as well as in Taiwan. This will be the begin. Inning of a process yet to be fully unfolding leading eventually towards peaceful reunification of China. That's pretty optimistic given the response from president Cy in win. Who has clearly said that there is no way that reunification is on the table. Indeed. She says that China's attempts to interfere in Taiwan's internal politics is her greatest challenge. It's very obvious that mistrial. One has consistently been a false promoting Taiwan independence, and the reason results of the regional elections in Taiwan or these spoke very clearly about where the people in Taiwan want to choose for example, DP the ruling party right now in Taiwan lost many seats in the local elections. They now only account for about twenty percent of the local governments seem different pas of Taiwan. Whereas K. AM t the opposition party now occupied up to about seventy percent of the local government seats. So I think the people in Taiwan spoke very loudly and tell you one should listen to the fundamental demand of the people in Taiwan for peace and non confrontation with mainland China. Regardless of what you say about the way in which the votes have gone in local elections. She is still the president. And when president she talks about asserting China's right to use military force against foreign powers that intervene in the issue of independence for the country. He's clearly targeting Washington, isn't he first of all it doesn't matter where or how mistrial we'll we'll stand on such important issues as peaceful reunification of China, even leaders of DP sometimes said that DP is not a party of mysterious and TPP is not a party advocating for Taiwan. Taiwan independence. So I think tie really need to understand what's going on in and should have no doubt as to where at how mainland China is concerned. I think Jinping for the first time very. Clearly spelled out the terms of the use of false. He said the use of false cannot be excluded. But it's not targeting the people in Taiwan. It will be targeting at certain country, which has to interfere in the internal affairs of China involving Taiwan, for example. To Washington is it I think you can run through a process of illumination and eliminate a wad the ninety nine countries in the world leaving whichever country you'll still have on your shortlist in June, the United States dedicated a two hundred and fifty million pound budget for an unofficial embassy in Taipei. There clearly is a shift in the way in which the United States feels that it can counter China's military the extent to which China negotiates, how strong it is militarily in the region. First of all, it is the official consistent US government policy that there is only one China Taiwan is part of China. That's for sure Secondly, the United States has been violating or deviating from its three principals they signed with mainland China about how they need to govern their relations with Taiwan by pushing the edge of the envelope. They keep sending more weapons to Taiwan. They keep stepping up their relations with Taiwan. They want to hijack Taiwan as a palm in U S is strategic arms wrestling with mainland China. No one in China, including both sides of the Taiwan Strait want to have the interference of the United States in the Taiwan matter, and no I want to become a pawn of the United States in dealing with cross-strait relations. I think the United States will do whatever they want to do but philosophically speaking, let me emphasize this point, I have serious doubts as to whether the United States has any political will or commitment to share American plot for the sake of Taiwan. That was Victor gal. Speaking to me earlier, let's hear now some views of people on the streets of Taipei today. If China wasn't a communist one party state, maybe under certain conditions. We could consider unification. But if the other side is still a communist one party state. We can't accept it. Otherwise, we'll be like Hong Kong, Tony one country two systems. The fact is we are not one country Taiwan is Taiwan. People's Republic of China is the People's Republic of China. We aren't to systems we are two countries. You go to the sovereign country is because of events in the past the split up by sites, we want unification, just peaceful homeo- pin down to your heart. Some views from the streets of Taipei today. Let's speak to Brian Hugh in Taiwan. A former student activist with the so-called sunflower movement which back in two thousand fourteen occupied parliament in Taipei for several weeks, sparking the largest anti-china demonstration in years. He's currently the editor of new bloom at Taipei based magazine in favor of independence from China. What's your view of what you've heard of president, Xi speech? It does seem like there is nothing new in the speech, which is quite interesting on the one hand China claims that it is peaceful and how for vacation while at the same time. It's still offers the federal force that we will come in wipe you out if you try to pursue any independent course of action seating claims again that there's a China dream, which is fair for chain talent in China. And again, hold up this notion of one country two systems. Yeah. What is interesting is that he is still playing to this. Despite the fact that Evelyn Holcombe you've seen the curation of democratic freedoms with parties being bad people not being allowed to run killed being removed from office after having one office and imprisoned for protesting or even as running for office, and in the pursuit of democratic politics. And I think people tell unaware of this it is it not true, though, that many people prefer the middle ground in in Taiwan as opposed to having to choose between independence or eventual reunification with China. I think that's right. There's the fear that if there's now a declaration of independence that will become provocative China. China will have used that excuse I wait attack. That's why there's this kind of cling to the status quo trying to navigate both sides without losing specifically in one direction in a matter of independence, which provokes China to attack but without trying to move in unification either..

Taiwan president China China Taiwan Taipei Republic of China Taiwan Strait Xi Jinping hand China BBC Taliban People's Republic of China Governor Andrew Cuomo China energy Security Institut Beijing United States New York Brima WNYC India
"victor gal" Discussed on CBS Sunday Morning with Jane Pauley

CBS Sunday Morning with Jane Pauley

05:14 min | 2 years ago

"victor gal" Discussed on CBS Sunday Morning with Jane Pauley

"Prince, Mohammad bin Salman, rain inside. The kingdom criticism is squashed. Not. So in Israel, where Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is facing very public pressure. There are police recommendations to indict him on bribery, obstruction of Justice in several counts. So in terms of is rarely politics. I see a very tumultuous year. Tumultuous word that certainly applies in Syria. And that was before President Trump's decision to pull American forces out of the country Syrian president Bush out has gained background from rebels as we witnessed firsthand. We are here inside eastern Gutu. This is the front line of this war here in Syria right now and Syrian troops. Have just told us that they are fighting one of the main opposition groups that is just over there. But it was in the northern city of Aleppo where we get a glimpse of how some Syrians would like to see twenty nineteen and beyond by looking back. This is reminiscent of another time. The great time before the war. An evening of music and peace aside of the Middle East to rarely seen. This is Ben Tracy in Asia where a little bit of history may be repeating itself in twenty nineteen after meeting North Korean leader, Kim Jong Hoon for the first time in Singapore. This past summer, President Trump says he's ready for round two. Gould of a second summit is to get North Korea to finally start taking steps towards denuclearization. North Korea did not launch a single missile in twenty eight teen or conduct any no nuclear tests. We were there in may when they claim to destroy their main nuclear testing site. This is where they have conducted five of their six nuclear tests over the last couple of years, and you can see they have now strung explosives in there. They plan to blow this up. So they can no longer use. But North Korea has not allowed international inspectors to verify that this site is actually unusable despite saying it would and satellite images show that Kim Jong UN's regime is still rapidly developing its nuclear weapons program, they think they can out spot the Americas in this regard, Victor gal is an expert on international relations in Beijing in twenty nineteen. Do you think we'll actually see concrete steps taken by North Korea to give up its weapons? It's highly doubtful. As far as denuclearization is concerned. I don't think there's any concrete sign that is will move in the right direction. This seem could be said for the relationship between the US and China, the world's two largest economies remain. Locked in a bitter trade war, though sides are now trying to defuse tensions before March. First deadline with a US is threatening to impose even higher tariffs on Chinese goods twenty nine hundred zero. We're going to find out whether or not this is just a trade war, the beginning of a Cold War or worse. Sean Ryan runs the China market research group in Shanghai. He says the Chinese government may not view this as a simple trade war. But rather the United States trying to contain China's rise. Twenty nineteen seventy th anniversary of the communist party's takeover and president Xi Jinping will want to project strength. I'm very concerned about Trump under estimating the resolve of president Xi to demonstrate to the world that China's now arrival superpower to the United States as for Japan. Come April, Emperor Akihito will become the first Japanese emperor to abdicate in two hundred years at age eighty five. He's handing the reins to his eldest, son. A peaceful changing of the guard in the world's oldest continuous hereditary. Monarchy. This is Charlie Dagda in London. Brexit didn't know bricks a good Brexit for the country. Brexit that word that dominated debate in Britain in two thousand eighteen will define its future. In two thousand nineteen Prime Minister Theresa may faces a March deadline to broker the UK's exit from the European Union after fending off a no confidence vote from position leader, Jeremy Corbyn. Meaningful data in one thousand nine thousand nineteen when we leave European. Crossed the English channel. French president. Emmanuel Macron is facing his own crisis. Paris has become a city under siege. With protesters squaring off against riot police over a few tax hike every now and then a group of rowdy. Demonstrators will try to burst out into the side streets and avenues near met. With a wall of riot. Police the so-called yellow vest. Protesters have growing list of demands which includes Macron's resignation..

North Korea President Trump China United States president Syria Prime Minister Benjamin Netany Emperor Akihito Emmanuel Macron denuclearization Kim Jong UN Israel Brexit bribery Middle East Aleppo Kim Jong Hoon Gutu
"victor gal" Discussed on World News Analysis

World News Analysis

05:36 min | 2 years ago

"victor gal" Discussed on World News Analysis

"Of the center for China anti-globalization channels chance visiting professor of the law school of management of Peking university. Also at down professor up tuck school of business at Dartmouth this year marks the fortieth anniversary of China's reform and opening up which ushered in a new stage development and wrote about China's growth miracle from rural areas to cities from pilot programs to nationwide projects from economic restructuring to the comprehensive deepening reform the past for decades witness at think progress, and he story leaves a from an old country. China has grown into the world's second largest economy, the largest industrial producer, the largest trader goods and the holder of the largest foreign exchange. Reserves. We're gonna take a short break here in the next in the next half will continue our discussion about China's reform and opening up. We can talk about economic reform and also China's approach of opening itself to the rest of the world. We'll be back in a minute. You're listening to today we're discussing China's reform and opening up in this episode what's being achieve how it's been done. And also their implications to China and the whole world the panel is Michael powers Zurich insurance group professor of risk and finance and seen y university Victor gal vice president of the center for China anti-globalization Giles chance visiting professor of the school of management of Peking, university and adjunct professor of tuck school of business at Dartmouth. If you wanna listen to this episode, again, we're catch up on other topics. Download our podcast world news analysis. So in the next half that's move onto economic reform. The general economic reform in the beginning of the program. We mentioned several quite phenomena numbers winning comes to micro the micro economy of China. How is being change and from the perspective of people's daily lives? We know back then there were ration coupons. Ration coupons issued to residents for the purchase of search in foodstuffs, including grain flour rise oil need as well as household items like clothing television bicycle and also there were four essential household items that almost every Chinese household aspire to possess in the early nineteen eighties. They wore wrist watch a bicycle sewing machine and radio set. So that sounds like ancient history, but apparently, let's just one generation ago. So this country chose a unique path to develop a commie and making a self the second largest economy in the world, the path called socialist market economy with Chinese Kurt Terrific's, so Victor, how would you define this socialist market economy with Chinese Kurt terrific? Why is this definition important for the economic reforming China? Well. Mentioned forty years ago. China was locked up in this huge ideological box. People kept debating to whether something was capitalist versus socialist. China tend to believe that time that whatever that was capitalist was doomed to fade that whatever that is. Socialist is a recipe for great success. The reality is just the opposite China manage to achieve the highest level of egalitarian. I mean human history possibly, but it was he got terrorism of poverty. Everyone was equally poor a their fall one major task for China is decide which ideological outlook you need to adopt. And then jumping basically says socialism does not mean poverty, if socialism generous in poverty, something must be wrong. And he would say that must be a way that socialism will generate wealth. Throughout of them poverty. And therefore, he basically emphasize that China need to reform and China need to be flexible and the system that China need to follow is what he called socialism with Chinese characteristics. And it's very important to to focus on these Tanis Ristic's because I think these have been all enabled us to whatever that will work, whatever that kept promotes productivity and efficiency could be pumped that added to the societas of that China was following so socialism and socialist marketing with China's cut the Ristic's became an immense painting false became a big enabler, and the Chinese people the county's companies channels system emancipated from the ideological burdens and liabilities and stop it to Grady to all kinds of experiment at the real test that they will. Interested. The is always whether this is good fall developed economy. Whether these good to improve Levi's that is whether this is good to bring a better lives to the people, for example. And I think this is truly the faces of the liberating falls in China over the past faulty. Yes. And invis- overall context, I think China was ego to love on the rest of the world at whatever practices. Although how experiences that would do things better than what we hear in China?.

China visiting professor tuck school professor Peking university Dartmouth school of management of Peking adjunct professor Levi Kurt Terrific producer Tanis Ristic vice president Michael Victor Grady forty years
"victor gal" Discussed on World News Analysis

World News Analysis

05:08 min | 2 years ago

"victor gal" Discussed on World News Analysis

"So so I it took many steps in many trials to get to the state where we are today. And and I think that that if one compare. There's that to what happened in some of the other transitional economies when really sees how the the the model that was that was put forward by Deng Xiaoping and carried carried out by the people in the government at the time was quite remarkable. So another major achievements. When we talk about the changes taking place in the countryside is power TV station, which is widely recognized as achievements of China in the past few decades. So Giles how about this? I guess something particular right must have been done beyond making people like making the pie bigger for everyone. Because I think we can argue a power to alleviate is not just about economic growth, but also about like distribution where social safety NASA things like that. Yes. I think being down by the government's allows for years and taking that shave to improve the situation of some of the foul faces. But I think also the market has played a role because I think that speech, I really have Dacians being the migrant workers traveling to western China into the role they knew economic areas like shins, and then shot high impact these Mike because of really built Shanghai Beijing all the buildings you see now like Jim on's full in Shaan in Beijing onions and and gun Joe may constructed by these people travel hundreds of miles to work and then went back again. So I think that's a. Oppose taking back with them. Hopefully, anyway, the money when shaping paid waking on these consumption Cise and also in the factories, they exporting which develop tensions then. So I think that's important him anything baule-bete in some of the poor. What's in central China? I can just coming on the show, but that's my basic figures. And I think in the two thousands the in the world, our is I think that no one had a call, and I know how to call, and I think any about fifty forty percent of families had a refrigerator, and if you look at the figures relationship because I could get two thousand sixteen every Royal family not have a refrigerator and about four percent have a car. So I think that tells you, you know, housing different compass improvement or has been in the last. All nations. I just mentioned the by successful relevant of gender is really joint venture collaborations between local governments and private on the nose any meek Chinese way with ideas from local villages and towns. Goodson people together with local government officials and together they somebody not brain on events apply to make things and TCL example, by large television company in Chinese company is a result of a ton of any Paul, and there are many many others. And I think this is another a market driven opportunity driven success story behind me of poverty, so about power to alleviate Giles what still needed to I mean to finish this last mile because we heard that the Chinese government promise to end extreme power t by the year of twenty twenty. Well, I think they've done. I think parts of China, which you guys in south western sample. I love the minorities and Trump province northeast northwest some of the front so the more economic growth having haven't extended strong as as they have out of. I think the government needs to do more. And I think they have to redistribute some of the profits and gains and should be made all this, and you Sean Heinsohn. You can just see I've just come back from Lungi and the money, you know, the wealth going Jay's is fantastic. It's rich a capita that many times in Britain like for example. And so some of that money needs to be taken an invested. But putting to the poor our is I think a lot down in structure, the more could be done by the government on that. Thanks. In this episode where discussing China's reform and opening up for two years. So on what's being achieved house being done? And also their implications to China and world, we're joined by Michael powers Zurich insurance group, professor of risk and financing university. Victor gal vice president.

China Deng Xiaoping Giles Joe Chinese government NASA twenty twenty Sean Heinsohn Shanghai Beijing vice president Goodson Paul Beijing Dacians Shaan Lungi Britain Mike Jim
"victor gal" Discussed on World News Analysis

World News Analysis

06:19 min | 2 years ago

"victor gal" Discussed on World News Analysis

"Why mainly because why are people in the ass tickly participated in these people's come, you experiment? Productivity plummeted, and there was a great scarcity of IRA touto produce mainly because a low level of productivity and. I think the Chinese communists at adad and what to do with this. That was the big issue. And I think the experiment in way by thousand also Chinese farmers at risk to their own lives. For example, try to divide up the land and adopt a responsibilities system based on their own personal or household production. I really was designed to break away from the people's coming system. And when this experiment surfaced, the provincial leadership in our way, and eventually the central government leadership in Beijing had by the job being not only did not oppose them. But actually encouraged this experiment and waited to see how is experiment will result in. Result and eventually upon seeing the success of experiment decided to expand them on the national level. And allow me to mention one point to conduct agricultural reform against the people's communist background was relatively easy compared with urban industrial reform Benny because in the Chinese countryside at time the system was ready Tivoli primitive for the people's commune. And you actually did not have lots scale industrialized production, all scientific and research facilities, all logistics, for example, and therefore divide up the land and the means of production was relatively simple and straightforward. And also the household basis was very natural unit. You do not need to argue about this and you need to corner. Basically, a family became. A natural unit of production at that time. So when agricultural reform based on what we call household responsibilities system started in the countryside. It really took all very quickly. It's spread from one village in our province to the four corners of the Chinese countryside within just a couple of years and the people's call him that were dominated in Chinese countryside for a decade of more than one or two decades. For example, say play this integrated giving way to a new landscape of agriculture production based on household responsibility in China and the Chinese economic reform not only started in the countryside, but really poor fruit in the countryside, and the Chinese farmers were the first generation of the Chinese people who really taste it. That sweet fruits of the political and economic reform in China. And eventually the great result started to spread to the urban industrial reform. So another side of the Royal reform is add millions of people from countryside and moving to cities. So that's Arben as Asian like Victor gal mansion urbanism nation urban development is much complicated compared with rural reform so about Arben ization, Michael how do you see the implications of rule reform to other parts of the Chinese Connie? And also, what would you say are the major approach for Chinese policy makers deal with this dramatic organization process? I think as Victor noted it it was easier there because of just because of the setting the cultural setting the small family units are and the the ability to break the collective farms into. Smaller units a made reform the countryside easier. I think that that one had to go through the gover- the government and the people of China head to go through a number of different trials in order to to get where we are today with the mixed economy of private companies stayed on enterprises on there to begin with basically one thing I do think it's important that we know is that in this process of sort of feeling things from the bottom up and reforming from the bottom up chesting out testing out. What works what doesn't work, and and then going and encouraging government officials to support those those those methods that work of China took a very different path from the transitional Connie's of the former Soviet countries and the eastern bloc in Europe. I'm in which many transitions were occurred almost overnight. And there was there was chaos. There was great decline in in economic growth or actually decline in in the economy as a whole there was opportunity for a tremendous corruption cronyism and so forth to creep in China didn't have these problems because it it took things gradually and in the context of urbanism nation and the manufacturing sector there. There were as as I said there were experiments there were special economic zones, especially in certain cities in the south at one time the People's Liberation Army was involved in businesses and later time LA today that was prohibited..

China People's Liberation Army Victor gal mansion Beijing cronyism Europe Benny Connie Victor Tivoli Arben ization LA Michael two decades
"victor gal" Discussed on World News Analysis

World News Analysis

02:44 min | 2 years ago

"victor gal" Discussed on World News Analysis

"You're listening to today. I'm Swe ZIM park on the journey of reform and opening-up forty years ago. China has transformed itself into the world psychologically Konomi bringing tremendous changes to people's lives and global economy over the past four decades, China's import and export of goods have increased by almost two hundred times those of services by nearly one hundred fifty times the emerging economy has seen over two trillion US dollars of foreign investment during that period. China has also become the world's largest trader of goods the biggest tour is a market and a major trading partner with over one hundred and thirty countries from nineteen seventy eight to twenty seventeen China's per capita disposal income grew by over twenty two times about seven hundred and forty million people were lift out of power and a number of jobs. Created was doubled. Meantime since reform and opening up China has played increasingly. Active and responsible row in such global issues as improving economic governance, supporting other developing countries and tackling the financial crisis the belt road initiative proposed by China five years ago has grown into a platform for all parties to share paternity and pursue common development over one hundred and forty countries and international organizations have signed Biard, I cooperation documents with China. So in this episode would discuss China's reform and opening up forty years on was being achieved how it's been done and also their implications to China and warlord the panel is Michael powers Zurich insurance group professor of risk and finance at a single university. Victor gal vice president of the center for China and globalization gels chance visiting professor of the school of management Peking, university at junk professor of tuck school of business at Dartmouth. If you wanna listen to this episode, again, we're catch up on other topics. Download our podcast. World news analysis. So that's begin with a general question. What is China's reform an opening up all about we know China's people and China watchers around the world that must be familiar with those terms like seeking the truth from facts crossing the river by feeling the stones or the white cat. Black cat metaphor by Deng Xiaoping. But I guess some of your listeners want to know more details about were really happened back then. So there live today is very much different from the life of their father generation with they were young as Victor that's begin with you from your only experience in everyday life and also career life. What's China's reform and opening up old about what's changed since the reform and opening up forty years ago. Well, thank you very much full.

China Swe ZIM park Victor professor Deng Xiaoping visiting professor US Konomi tuck school Biard school of management Peking vice president partner Michael Dartmouth forty years four decades
"victor gal" Discussed on World News Analysis

World News Analysis

06:05 min | 2 years ago

"victor gal" Discussed on World News Analysis

"Jonah's vice-foreign minister low you chin has urgently summoned the US ambassador to China Terry Branstad on Sunday to make an official protest against a detention of Milwaukee. Joe the chief financial officer of while way by the Canadian authorities requests of the US. Authorities low said what the US has done has serious. Violated the legal and legitimate rights and interests of the Chinese citizen Jonah firmly opposes this wrongdoing and strongly urges the US side to pay sincere attention to China's so lem position and was stroll moans arrest warrant for more on the incident. Earlier Hedda talk with Victor gal current affairs commentator and vice president of sooner for China and cobras -ation reaching into another country to pretend a citizen of a third country on sections violations has cases like this ever happened before. Such cases ready happened before for several reasons. One is that wrong. Sanctions have been very controversial the United States it self. I joined the international agreement on Iran of the so-called of six plus one agreement for example, then on the President Donald Trump, the United States withdrew and of the other countries including China Russia Britain, France, Germany and Iran, stick to the original agreement. So whether the US commitment and all the sanctions valid on all such remains very questionable. Secondly such long jurisdiction that is to apply. One's own a law in the jurisdiction of another country involving extradition itself is highly controversial. Oil, and it's a very inefficient and very time consuming. So I would say this is a truly a very rare case. Now having said that allow me to emphasize I personally believe this is a political persecution. Not only of Madame among herself. But also of while we as a company because ultimately, the real reason is not a violation of laws or violations of sanctions, for example, the real reason for the United States do this is they really do not want to see hallway Abry as a normal company. They want to disrupt while ways operations so that while way will not be the leading five G telecommunication company in the world. And this is the crux of the matter all the others are basically just fabrications that the come up with in order to achieve this. You really of while we this is very of normal, and this is very dangerous because you're talking about abusing all misusing your own legal power to achieve a commercial goal. Well, you've mentioned the was called the long arm jurisdiction. And seems that it is not the first time for the United States to using such a long arm jurisdiction which enables to practice extra territorial law enforcement. What do you make of such practices as I mentioned, which is a very dangerous along on has several time manages to it. For example, if there is a case involving felony, for example, murder or other a very heinous crimes, for example, and the law enforcement company of one country wants to assert is jurisdiction and hand they element physically in the presence or another country. Sometimes they do that. But normally the also use INTERPOL if the two countries. I have extradition arrangement. They need to be very careful, and they need really to demonstrate the level of evidence that they have against the other side now in this particular case allow me to emphasize first of all there is no indication of serious crimes involved, for example, felony murder all killing of a person involved. Secondly, for example, it's very much of a commercial nature, and it is involving very controversial and situation with no international consensus and further the person might among in this particular case involved is in transit. She is she wants in the international section of the Vancouver international airport. Literally, she should eat your all the freedom and liberty as. The person flying from one place to another purely transiting through Vancouver. So I think in this case, it's the only the only just long arm is the very m very dangerous application of long in nam lethal non-dangerous situation involving commercial nature rather than criminal nature, or example, in this particular case threatening human lives, for example, and this is truly disturbing. Well, just now you use the term political prosecution, and we know that US national security advisor John Barton said in an interview while way and other Janis tech giant's would be a major subject of discussion between US and China on trade on their training because of their alleged practices of using still in US technology..

United States China Jonah Vancouver international airpor murder Terry Branstad Milwaukee chief financial officer Vancouver Joe Donald Trump vice president official Hedda G telecommunication Abry Iran INTERPOL President
"victor gal" Discussed on World News Analysis

World News Analysis

05:29 min | 2 years ago

"victor gal" Discussed on World News Analysis

"Set of created the world's first genetically outer Twain's, this has sparked ethical concerns and waves of criticism around the world. The national health commission says is calling a local health authorities to. Release information to the public the research led by an associate professor of the feather university of science and technology. A set of outer the five gene of twins. Born earlier this month in China, the CR five, gene, researchers outer is the main receptor in the human body for HIV the virus that causes aids. The university says in a statement that is deeply shocked by the experiment and beliefs the work seriously violets academic ethics and norms the ethics committee, enter the health and family planning commission of Shenzhen, which is in charge of reviewing and approving biological and medical research concerning ethical issues denies having received an application were approving the experiment over one hundred Chinese scientists have signed a joint statement in calling the experiment crazy and fair to other researchers who stick to the moral bottom line. That's our Kerr. Affairs, commentators money, and Victor gal. So the main argument of the researcher is that he argue what's wrong if we can make a HIV positive couple happy by doing this by tweaking part of our Jeanne DNA to make healthy babies, so Victor, how do you see his argument? Having me this whole sold is very controversial both in China as. In the world. And generally speaking has been widely condemned because it's craned that this episode has violated the international moms prohibiting such experiments without going through. Process. And I believe on the one hand scientists have the right to conductive pastime typic- research on the other hand mankind as a whole new to make a moral and ethical choice. That is we need to know what things we cannot do without really plunging mankind into area all also into and abyss. And this particular episode exactly an example in case that is such experiment with mankind. As a whole will be faced with consequences that we do not down the dent. And with for example, eventually you will create situation that will lead mankind and the world as a whole into great type and and deaf all my own. Opinion. Is that definitely we need to be very strict. And this scientist anticipate Kate violated the rules in China's well as international consensus and into condemned. Right. So one thing I can think of is that it's even possible to prove that this project success at all, for example. How about the possibility of the twin girls never being exposed to HIV risk activities. Any minutes how to analyst resolves so money. What's your take on this? I think making a couple happy at the cost of throwing the home in conned humankind, integrate uncertainty and even danger is on ethical, definitely. So all the words that we, you know, received from social media or either other media is crazy shock panic, reckless. You know, all these negative things in my personal opinion is also successful own not is yet to judge because. Even the incident itself, we need to verify whether it's true or not whether it's a hoax, so not. But when human kind Stu talking about GM food, we haven't settled with GM food the safety of Jin GM food, and then we are talking about GM, genetically modified modified or edited set of DNA human beings. So it's when I thought of when Dolly the sheep came out years and years ago, the whole mankind came to a consensus that we cannot clone people that is the consensus that we have reached and this DNA editing the home in can't has a consensus. So it's not a breakthrough in science. It's a technically attainable. And doable saying, but now that's the first step right progress needs to be made. And I also believe scientists have this right? To explore to make breakthroughs in science. But that's the first step. It's already there. Right. We can edit DNA now. And now it's in the second step that is the ethical, you know, check, and we're still in the process, and we haven't got on so yet and this individual decided to do something this outrageous..

China Victor gal scientist HIV GM researcher feather university of science associate professor Jin GM Shenzhen Kerr analyst Dolly Jeanne Kate Stu one hand
"victor gal" Discussed on WBSM 1420

WBSM 1420

01:34 min | 3 years ago

"victor gal" Discussed on WBSM 1420

"He bears responsibility as does as macnamara jeremiah sullivan william weld everybody was in that office knew what was going on would bolger and the other part of this is when john conley got charged they brought up a guy from new haven by the name of john durham john durham was a special prosecutor to go to prosecute conley within fifteen minutes of being in that office he found the fbi records that exonerated salvatti limone greco into meal and immediately called victor garo to give him the news so that information was in the us attorney's office for forty years and they knew about and durham founded durham founded and he he called victor gal joe salvatti's attorney and immediately gave it to him and then the process led to the release of lemani and the vati as early as nineteen seventythree and i tweeted out excerpts from the book there was a book called my life in the mafia by bennie teresa he was like an associate of a demilio basically and he he laid out the whole frame in one thousand nine hundred seventy three in a book there wasn't a vanity press book was published by irreputable new york publisher nobody ever sued vinnie teresa nobody ever disputed his facts and he said they were framed so i mean i yeah i i mean i remember reading it as a kid in college you know and i mean everybody else and they go around saying.

john conley john durham prosecutor victor garo us attorney joe salvatti bennie teresa jeremiah sullivan william weld bolger fbi durham irreputable new york publisher vinnie teresa fifteen minutes forty years
"victor gal" Discussed on BBC Radio 4

BBC Radio 4

01:37 min | 3 years ago

"victor gal" Discussed on BBC Radio 4

"Chinese authorities that he spent three days in beijing all this advance a plan summits with the south korean leader and with president donald trump in the weeks and months to come stop i laura bicker our correspondent in the south korean capital seoul how is this news playing that laura well i think they were taken a little by surprise here i although many had expected kim jong un to visit china after all if he was going to step into the global summit arena he wanted a an ally in his corner and his main ally for many years has been china to things that they will take away from the state reports of the meeting first of all that commitment to denuclearization which south korea had haired i handed a meeting in pyongyang and reported to the world well now that that that's been corroborated and second of all the meeting with donald trump the meeting with the united states again that was mentioned in the state report that came out of beijing so south korea's sitting there going look we told you he was committed to denuclearization he told you he was wanting to to meet the us so now we just have to wait and see what comes out of it i think couple of thoughts about the dini claire is asian his father made the same promise to china and reneged on that promise so it doesn't necessarily mean that denuclearization follows laura bicker thank you and so let's speak now to victor gal the former diplomat and chinese government advisor who's no vice president at the center for china and globalization.

donald trump seoul laura kim jong un china pyongyang united states claire vice president beijing president south korea chinese government advisor three days
"victor gal" Discussed on News & Talk 1380 WAOK

News & Talk 1380 WAOK

01:48 min | 3 years ago

"victor gal" Discussed on News & Talk 1380 WAOK

"Yesterday the kamerhe sleep well it and i have no concerns about this jay buhner rhetoric of the last few days but former chinese diplomat victor gals says trump has hurt us credibility with that statement hesitant on the trump statement calling for wall unprecedented fire and a few nuri is not constructive tools the final achievement of the goal of denuclearization on the korean peninsula north korea organized a rally today the show support for the rejection of the latest round of un sanctions tens of thousands of people back to square downtown yang following a familiar format speeches from a balcony with the people below standing in organized rose fbi agents have searched a home owned by president trump's former campaign chairman here's the ap's mike campaign a spokesman for paul manafort says the agents served a search warrant at manafort home adding that manafort cooperated with the agents as he has quote unquote consistently done an manafort has been the subject of a longstanding fbi investigation into his dealings in ukraine and work for their country's former president viktor yanukovych special counsel robert muller also is investigating manafort as part of his probe into russia's meddling in the 2016 election and any possible collusion with trump associates manafort has denied any wrongdoing on my campaign how kentucky man and his transgender wife are suing amazon claiming they endured discrimination and harassment during a year as coworkers at an amazon warehouse in northern kentucky a lawyer working with them says the cases notable in part because amazon has a record a strong strongly supporting gay and transgender rights on wall street the dow is down forty four this is ap radio news.

amazon ap harassment special counsel viktor yanukovych president manafort fbi jay buhner kentucky victor gals robert muller ukraine search warrant paul manafort chairman president trump north korea nuri