21 Burst results for "Valley Forge"
"valley forge" Discussed on American Revolution Podcast
"Recommendation is the drill master of valley forge. The baron bunch toibin and the making of the american army by paul la carte. This biography gives some background on his early years but focuses on the generals years in the continental army at about three hundred pages not counting notes and index. It gets into pretty good detail about the man and his contribution to the american cause the author. Paul lockhart published the book in two thousand eight. Professor la carte teaches history at wright state university in ohio and has written a number of other books on warfare in sixteenth and seventeenth century europe as well as a book on bunker hill. So if you want to read more about punch toibin you may wanna get the drill master of valley forge for my online recommendation. I'm going to recommend von storylines army manual. It's called regulations for the order and discipline of the troops of the united states. A store continued to make changes to this manual. Both during and after the war the version i found is from seventeen ninety four. It's not exactly riveting reading but if you're a reenactor or just want to understand. Better drill worked in the revolutionary war. This manual is a good primary resource. You can search for the online document on archive dot org just search for the title regulations for the order and discipline of the troops of the united states. But of course the easier ways probably just used direct link on my website. Remember if you're listening to this and looking at up the week of the release of this episode you can find it right at the top of the website. If you're looking later. I have a link to a list of former online recommendations. And you just look up the recommendation for this week. And there's a direct link there also for the blog episode. i include a link there as well. So you can just go to the blog episode and click on the link to go to the online resource. My blog of course is at blog dot m. rev podcasts dot com. If you would prefer to have a paper copy of the manual rather than just read it online. I've also included an amazon linked to buy a hard copy of the manual. And you can find that also at the bottom of the blog episode. Remember that if you click on any of my amazon links you help benefit this podcast. As i get a small commission from amazon at no additional cost.
"valley forge" Discussed on American Revolution Podcast
"Summarize thousands of pages of reports and rebutted the attacks made against Washington by the delegates and others outside the army. An attack, the incompetence of the commissary and quartermaster departments. It further proposed a guarantee of half pay for life to encourage officers to remain with the continental army. Many officers were just as fed up with their men and were seriously considering just resigning and going home. The report also proposed a military draft to require state militia to serve one year stints in the continental army. With a twenty, five dollar reenlistment bonuses to be paid for a second year it also suggested the use of more free blacks in the army as well as greater use of allied native Americans. In summary, it laid out the desperate plate of the army and suggested the solutions necessary to build a more professional and functioning. Washington's presentation to the committee. All this impress the delegates who were struck by the plight of the army's lack of resources and by Washington's continued willingness to submit to civilian authority. Even when these civilians were not providing his men with the necessities of life. Washington's calls for a more professional army when against the revolutionary notions that a standing army was always a mark of tyranny and that militia should always be sufficient. Washington however made clear that such an army was a necessity. And that unlike other standing armies in history, his army would always remain subject to the civilian leaders in Congress. The committee spent several weeks at Valley forge meeting with Washington, and inspecting the army. When they returned to York in February they recommended passage of most of Washington's suggestions. Meanwhile, Washington struggle to keep his army alive would only continue. Next week, we're going to head over to France to discuss the first treaties recognizing the US as an independent nation. Hey thanks for joining the American Revolution podcast after show. Thanks to train aunts George Davis for their continued support at the Zander Hamilton glove level on Patriot on..
"valley forge" Discussed on American Revolution Podcast
"I am now convinced beyond a doubt that unless some great and capital change suddenly takes place. This army must inevitably be reduced to one or other of these three things starve, dissolve or disperse in order to obtain subsistence in the manner they can. Rest assured sir. This is not an exaggerated picture and that I have abundant reason to support what I say. The former continental quartermaster General Mifflin resigned in September. He had been responsible for obtaining food for the continental army. But Congress then appointed him to the board of war along with General Gates as I discussed last week. For several months the army had no quartermaster. No one wanted this thankless job. Over the winter the board of war under Horatio Gates and former quartermaster Mifflin convince Congress to put the responsibility under the board's control and take it away from the military. This was part of the larger effort to grant the board all Strategic Authority, and to let Gates Order Washington around. Rather than develop his own strategy Washington would simply implement gates. In the face of this threat Washington, Forrest General Nathaniel Greene to take the job as quartermaster general. Over Greenspan really strong objections. Quartermaster. Was A thankless job. There was never enough food nor money to buy food. Even if the quartermaster somehow did get the food, it was not going to result in praise or promotion the way winning a battle would but green had a good reputation in Congress. And his appointment helped Washington to defeat Gates's plan to take more control of the army. Washington also ordered that Pickett's guard the roads into Philadelphia. Any civilians trying to take food to sell to the British would have it confiscated and seized by the army. Lawrence suggested to Washington that he go beyond that and begin commandeering food from local farmers forcing them to take the worthless paper continental dollars in exchange Washington largely resisted this idea knowing that it would just turn the locals against the army. Of course, the continental army was not the only army looking for. Parisian's to get them through the winter. The same week that the continentals marched into valley forge general how deployed eight, thousand British and Hessian soldiers across a pontoon bridge erected across the.
On The Verge
"Good morning to you, my friend Care Bradley coming to Hugh for my morning Walk One more time here valley forge park spectacular morning. I feel so blessed to be able to get out early and. And pull in this era and allow these. Trees to center me and ground me and stabilized me for the work day ahead. So. Wonderful to Kinda beat the day in get out and up. I hope that these walks don't interfere with my, messages? If you feel like it's just too much for me to be walking and talking then let me know Hey Keira sit still will you? I'm happy to do. Today. I WanNa talk to you about the word verge. You may know this already have maybe if you've been following me or read my book on the verge or maybe come to my yoga, Studio Verge Yoga, you may know the story but. I think it's an important one to. To remind you of. And remind me of and that is that the verge averge is a boundary. It's an edge. And it's on the edge. That we change and grow. Being out there on the verge now unfortunately. The expression on the vert. has is used so often in the negative on the verge of a nervous breakdown if you remember that movie. Women on the verge our. Country is on the verge of collapse right but I see it as different. I see it as being. On the edge of change where growth. And flourishing happens. So years ago many many years. My husband went down to the Ecuador to the Amazon and he spent a few weeks with an indigenous tribe. And he? When it came back he told me the story how they would be. Going down these tributaries in. in a canoe CA dugout tree bark right tree trunk. And they would stop. At certain places along the way and they've been pause there. And maybe have a snack or water, but it was at these places where the indigenous. People that he was with would pause to almost pray. And these places these edges of land where to trip tributaries came together is called a verge. and. It's they are on the verge. Research shows animal life and wildlife? Thrive. There on the edge on the boundary where ecosystems come together. There is flourishing. There is thriving. And when I heard that term many many years ago. I thought Oh, my Gosh, I wanNA live on verge. I WANNA live there. I want to know what it feels like to be on the edge of change. To. Be Right there at the precipice of growth in challenge. And so I. named. My Yoga Center in two thousand and four Verge Yoga. For that reason to create a space where people can flourish and thrive. Just. Like that place there on the Amazon. So so much of what I do. And why do it is to? Live right there on the edge. These morning messages for me or Averge 'cause I just go for it. Right. I don't know what's coming out of my mouth I have an idea direction and then then I just write it. Because I trust that right there on the edge. is where I'm going. I may fumble, but it's where growth is happening. So where are the verges in your life? Where do you live on the verge? How do you live on the verge? We can do it mentally. A mental practice, we can do it emotionally immolation ship. Right. Our relationships can be verges where we are called to step up to open up to accept to allow. Or to challenge and physically, of course, we can challenge ourselves physically right there on the verge. Not, blasting ourselves out of the water but just enough so that we start to feel the tremble we start to feel that aliveness and it's they're on the verge my friend where we feel most alive. And this is what I based my whole book on its honestly what I've based my whole professional life on and it's where I live personally I wanna live on the verge and I wanna live on the verge with others. It's it's really part of the makeup of my my new mental wellness business. Where we partners? Are Living Together. In In the space where we are growing tremendously. Where we are thriving and listen if you WANNA work with me. Just reach out that's all you have to do. DM or email and Let's talk about how we live on the verge together. If you have your own verges, let me know I wanNA hear. Where you live on the Verge And let's do that because this is where we come alive when I come alive, you come alive. When you come alive, you help others come alive. and. My Gosh we all need that right
MORNING MESSAGE | Its a Privilege
"What an extraordinary privilege it has to be alive in this moment. It is almost overwhelming. How carefully we have been chosen. To be awake and alive right now. I sit with you today my friend in Valley Forge Park where I am most mornings for a walk. Where I find so much inspiration from the natural world. The Woods in the grass and the birds. And it just struck me today. and. It has in the past but I don't think I've been able to verbalize it what a privilege. It is to be experiencing this massive massive change. In Our world. And the amazing thing is it's not just one of us. It is all of us. All of us are being stirred awake. All of us are being disrupted. Every single one of us. Has Been inconvenienced in. Some way. Of course, more some more than others. But in some way, inconvenienced world's changed routines completely thrown out. Own My. Gosh. And so I as I sit with this almost too big. Too Big a statement to really. Hold in my little being. As I, sit with this, I just. I. Just. I'm compelled. To. Commit myself. To not wasting time looking backward. To not wasting my time trying to make things the way they were. But to allow myself. To step forward. Step by step. On new ground. In. New Territory. In uncomfortable and unfamiliar. Realms of being. How you. Now, this may be like Cara. You're just a little too out there. And I know that sometimes I go. And I mean not make sense. But I, I have a feeling. That, if it's my soul speaking to me. I'm able to speak it then perhaps it will speak to your soul. Beneath Your Thinking right now. So, there it is. May We not look backwards? May We recognize the privilege of being alive right now. Maybe, we just hold that. For, whatever it means in this moment, put it in your pocket. and carry it with you into your day. And perhaps it'll. Whisper to you and your ear and make sense to you at some point today tomorrow next week next year. It's a privilege for to be experiencing the massive disruption of our collective consciousness if we hold on too tight to the way things were. We may miss the opportunity to express ourselves in our own unique way. Right now. And that expression comes through in an infinite number of ways. I can't tell you what your expression is. It could be just the way you drive your car and I seriously mean. To teach others how to be more mindful. It could be in the way that you that you. Run a meeting, it could be in the way that you care for your child. We each of us have a unique. Divine expression. A creative intelligence. That is just Poking at the. Door. and. So in this time at this time in this moment. Can you just sit with that and trust? Your expression is ready. It's ready to come out and if you been doing it, it's ready to come out even more even more boldly uniquely. Even more spontaneously as I spoke of yesterday. So recognized the privilege. The profound -ness of what we are living through. Check it out if you continue to turn backward. And try to put things in order the way they used to be there's no order. Allow yourself the freedom. And step into your courage. To Walk. Into the unknown uncertain unfamiliar. Territory.
Glimpsing Aliveness With Cara Bradley
"It. Could warning from my? Hike. On Valley, Forge Mountain actually mount misery I am on Mount Misery in Valley Forge Park. I've been wanting to do this just to grab my voice recorder and come and do something spontaneous with you for a while. So thank you for joining in with these morning messages. They are have been for me just an UN leaching of creativity spontaneity Tearing US I said yesterday and a lot of God a lot of like, ouch. Do I really want to put that out there who listen? Maybe you can hear the water as a Britt. Creek here. So what came to me today was to chat with you a little bit about aliveness. And about glimpsing aliveness. All of the things that I talk about a really coming at awakening. Awaking- awakening out of your busy thinking mind so that you can directly experience the brilliance of your life. And we take different turns. We look at this this gem from different angles, and so that's why why it may seem sometimes like I am jumping around. But really what we're doing is we're just changing perspective because there's no one path. There are infinite number of paths to waking up out of the the dream state of your mind. So. Being in nature for me. Is One of those paths that I take daily that I have to take daily because it it plugs me into. My sense of aliveness like nothing else I mean there's other things. But A, but nature's just so predictable. So glimpsing aliveness is simply. Allowing yourself to be with what is. To be with the gravel beneath your feet in the green around you in the sunlight peeking through the forest and the smell of summer the sounds of birds without having to. Label anything without having to. Analyze anything but you just start to melt or Mesh with the moment as it's unfolding. This is the process of awakening. And we've all had these moments. Every, single one of us if you've never sat down to meditate, it doesn't matter. You've had this experience. And I just want to encourage you to develop this capacity. To glimpse your own aliveness. To pause moment to moment so that you can. Hang out in the experience as it arises as it emerges. and. So it may be through music cooking may be through yoga. May Be on your run Maybe be in your car by yourself who knows. It can happen an infinite number of ways. When we start to pay attention to the glimpses of aliveness I talk about this I write about this a lot my book, and it's really informed my life just just recognizing glimpses. Moment to moment sometimes, we get caught in the thick of our mind. oftentimes we caught. In the thick of our mind to the news feed and what the world is kind of. Barrage us with. But then there are those cracks in the wall right Leonard Cohen says, that's where the light shines through there are those moments between moments. There are those precious. the the smell of coffee, the the site of Sun hitting the top of the trees you know the catching of somebody's is holding it there. The these are glimpses beyond the veil. Beyond. The veil of the thinking busy judging doubting fearing mind. And so I offer you a piece of my walk here as I. Look around. Bucks playing around. I hear the birds water and. You know it's just to be with that's it. Nothing. Special nothing profound. This is our birthright. It's our birthright. To recognize our own aliveness in the life force that moves through us. So. How do you glimpse aliveness? and. Once you start noticing you're gonNA start noticing more. And once you start noticing it more. then. The these moments. Start to if you're lucky start to lengthen. And the duration of these glimpses. Start. To. Become longer. And it's then in these glimpses in in a longer glimpse that you start to really hear. Your Voice. Your source, your source intelligence come through.
"valley forge" Discussed on WTMJ 620
"Very important to the survival of the revolution the legends of fair foot soldiers leaving bloody footprints in the snow or non fiction the tales of starvation disease malnutrition and exposure at Valley Forge in the winter of seventeen seventy are not exaggerations one soldier reported seeing the dead bodies so covered with lice that it was thought the lights alone killed even after makeshift cabins are built in the manner out of the freezing wind and snow each century still has the tools from his book made before his term so it is a clean there was one thing not lacking in the American camps it is calculated that rebel troops are consuming a bottle a day for men one Englishman six fire Washington goes before his troops and offers about to all who stepped forward and re enlist the drums rolled no one step forward Washington couldn't believe he was dismayed he was he was shot his desperate so he marched up and down the line banking pleading cajoling his men to stay telling them to fit the future of America rested with them the drums rolled again this time one man stepped out two men stepped out at the end everyone who could stayed on complete he could inspire his men they admired him he looked the.
"valley forge" Discussed on 77WABC Radio
"In the middle of this horrible winter at Valley Forge as this legend the crops up I legend one day there's a quicker tore his name's Isaac pots and he's walking through the woods and here's what he writes in that woods pointing to a close in view I heard a plaintive sound as of a man of prayer I type my horse was sampling and went quietly into the woods and to my astonishment I saw the great George Washington on his knees alone with his sword on one side is cocked hat on the other is a prayer to the god of the army's beseeching to impose with his divine aid as it was a crisis and the cause of the country and of humanity and of the world such a pair I never heard from the lips of man I left him alone praying I went home and told my wife I saw site and heard today when I never saw or heard before and just related to her when I'd seen and heard observed we never thought a man could be a soldier and a Christian but if there is one in the world it is Washington she was also astonished we thought was the cause of god in America could prevail he then put me out his right hand side I turned right about became awake meaning he started backing American cost Washington told his aides that he would share in the hearts of them partake of every inconvenience and he did by the time the army left Valley Forge they're actually better provision and trained and they'd ever been before when they did leave there's an incident that occurred to deepen the myth of Washington Washington's forces sought to harass the army of general Henry Clinton was heading from Philadelphia to New York Washington center had general Charles lead to leave the fighting any told Lee told Clinton in place until Washington's entire army could arrive instead we were treated Washington apparently cursed not so viciously the general Charles Scott said quote the leaves shook on the free Washington into personal command of the troops according to Lafayette he said that Washington's personal presence stop their tree Alexander Hamilton we will recall from the musical as well as history Washington's top aide said other officers have great near in performing their parts well but he directed the whole with the skill of a master workman the British end up playing for your Washington had a much needed victory and there's another hard winter general Benedict Arnold the trade young Republican fled to the side of the British Washington had to execute a British spy major John Andre was executed after the British refused to trade Benedict Arnold fort John Andre if you ever watch the AMC series turn it's a really good job of portraying what happened there I now Washington RD despaired of taking back New York instead he decided to unite with French forces and capture the British Army at Yorktown which was the Southern Command general Cornwallis the commander your town I've been running roughshod through the south of corn Wallace decided big mistake the whole the whole up on the peninsula of York in James river's I wait for reinforcements and if they're the Washington strikes the siege of Yorktown ends with the surrender of some seven thousand British troops on October nineteenth seventeen eighty one and people think that ended the war it didn't work continued for another two years but the momentum was now in Washington favor and he would need it because by seventeen eighty three Washington's officers we're tired of being in the Continental Army they're sick of the Congress which refused to pay them on time and he refused them back pay is off there's actually began to circulate a letter at Newburgh New York they plan to send to Congress announcing a revolt against the Continental Congress right as the Americans were about to win the war and this is one Washington stepped in again the first issues in order for betting on section meetings and then he calls his own for March fifteenth seventeen eighty three and there he ripped into the officer said gentleman I do not own a summons an attempt has been made to continue together how inconsistent with the rules of propriety hell on military then begs officers the place of full confidence in the purity of the intentions of Congress and then came one of the most famous Washington moments he reaches into the breast pocket to read is written to read a letter he's received from Congress and he takes out his spectacles and fumbles with them and then one most famous lines in American history he's a gentleman you must pardon me I've grown old in the service of my country and now find that I'm going blind Yasser start crying everybody recognizes the Washington is give his entire life for this and the mutiny dissolves where it's hard to tell the rest of the story of George Washington you're listening to venture WABC traffic.
"valley forge" Discussed on WTVN
"Dot com some animal news this morning the story of Jim a Triano he says he was riding on Valley Forge road in western PA when he crashed into a black bear who happened to be eating berries at the side of the road now I don't know how you don't see a black bear in your way but he didn't he said he suffered some road rash and a broken finger pluses bike completely demolished it's unclear if the bear which fled the scene at any injuries squirrels getting aggressive in one New York City park battery Park City authority there posted signs in Rockefeller park warning visitors not to feed the squirrels there's been a series of biting and scratching incidents New York City parks department says feeding squirrels make some less afraid of humans good news is none of the city's squirrels have tested positive for rabies and that you may have heard that one regular year is equal to seven dog years right well it's it's not entirely true veterinarian Jesse Grady writes that the logic behind the idea is that people observe that with optimal health care an average size medium dog would on average live about one seventh as long as it's human older the issue here is that not every dog fits that criteria Brady says dogs and cats age different not just from people but from each other as well it's partly based on breed and characteristic and size these days the American animal hospital association says canine life stages guidelines divides dogs in the six categories puppy junior adult mature senior geriatric Grady says lining up canine in human development milestones over the course of the average life expectancy can help you figure out roughly where in your life in your animal is can also ask your vet who can let you know about health recommendations that go along with like stage that your pet is in Tom just how you're feeling this morning are you feeling more puppy junior adult mature senior or geriatric I had a feeling that was your answer eight thirty years traffic and weather we.
Trump claims Americans 'took the airports' in War of Independence - over a century before first flight
"The president credited George Washington's troops with seizing airports in the eighteenth century the Continental Army suffered a bitter winter of Valley Forge found glory across the waters of the Delaware and seize victory from corn Wallace of your ten our army man there it ran the ramparts it took over the airport the airport to the first airport in the U. S. didn't open until
"valley forge" Discussed on The Art of Manliness
"Many many times, but if it hadn't been for von Steuben who by the way wrote the manual the us army war college, and it was in use for fifty years after valley fort if it hadn't been for the likes of on Steuben, teaching these men how to fight like professionals there never would have been that who are these guys moment. And if if you wanna roll into the end, I there's there's just a great story about the end. I don't know where we are. And no here, and I apologize. No, you're fine. As as being like, yeah. Let's roll into the end. So how did this? How had are how did this end? All right. Well, we're talking about you know, here comes the army comes to continental army marching to meet the British near mom courthouse. Town of mom courthouse in quickstep, William turn all von Steuben stewing who are these guys. But Washington had made one mistake that day he had put another general in charge of the attack. On a British and he was bringing up the relief in the rear, the other general who'd been appealed w for the last sixteen months didn't realize that the men he was leading where changed troops. He thought he was still eating the right tag for seventeen seventy six and at the first hint of British opposition. He called a retreat by the time Washington. Guests to the frontline soldiers are retreating in an orderly fashion. Thanks to our job and they're not running for their lives. But they're retreating for the first time ever among his aides among his close associates among his favorite generals. They had never seen the stoic. George, Washington explorer. He explodes on the front frontline Kohl's over the General Charles the put in charge of the attack. What is the meaning of this? You pull true what is the meaning of this get to the back? I just missed you to the back Washington takes over the lead of the attacks. But I he's gotta turn his troops. So he's riding up and down the front lines trying to halt. This orderly retreat. He's on this big white charger. It was a stifling blistering day over one hundred degrees at one point the horse just collapsed beneath him died of eat exhaustion. He takes the reins of another horse. And he's riding up and down trying to turn this retreat into an attack of his own by now, he can say across a Swail mile and a half away a sea of red as approaching ten thousand Redcoats have doffed their tax in they're attacking in a in a in a bayonet short. The British artillery were close enough that the grape shot is wizened by Washington accountable land yards from where he's sitting on his horse splattering human his horse with mud and yet. He's riding up and down. Will you fight with me? Not what you fight for me. Will you fight with me? Sword is extended his right hand. He's pointing towards the sea of red coming closer and closer. Will you fight with me and finally the soldier stopped and they turned and they answered in. In unison. And Brett if you want to know what they answered you're gonna have to read the book. Okay. I love it, Bob. This has been a great conversation where can people go to learn more about the book? You know, I've a website my co author Tom Clayton hasn't website. But it just can never go wrong. If you went to Amazon dot com and typed in Bob Drewery page. It would probably give you everything you need fantastic. Bob dreary. Always a pleasure. Thanks for coming on. Brett. Thank you. I always have fun when I talk with you might guess Bob jury. He's the co author of the book Valley Forge on Amazon dot com and bookstores everywhere you can find out more about his work at our f x Drewery dot com. Or you can check out our show notes at AOL dot IS slash valley. Forge refined links to resources ring delve deeper into this topic..
"valley forge" Discussed on The Art of Manliness
"He was fluent in French German. But and translate he even he brought a French shift Develey, the guy quit after forty eight houses did not know this not for me. But. What really intrigued me about von Steuben was he also arrived at Valley Forge with a resume. That was doctored up than the mayo clinic. Now, I'll step back to explain that on Steuben had risen to the rank of captain in Frederick, the greats Prussian army now, of course, Frederick the great at the time was the most renowned military commander in the western world and his Prussian army, although small was the most feared they used to say that Frederick the great at an army with the country as opposed to a country with an army on Steuben had learned under Frederick, the great something that no other western officer had not in France, not Poland Britain, Italy, certainly not the continental army United States, and that was Frederick the great made his officers live eat and breathe with the enlisted get down in the muck and mire with them. All the other armies thought the officers that were. This was below offer station we leave that to the sergeants corporals NCO on stupid knew how to drill army. So when he kinda shows up in France in the counter version once again, Amanda Frenchman in the middle of a lot of this introduces them to Franklin, and Silas Deane now, of course, their initial reaction is a crush now. Now, no, we're already getting screaming letters from Washington. Not to send any more of these mercenaries he soldiers fortune over to the United States. But it only took a few interviews with on Stoobant ale. Chatted in French for them to realize Franklin, especially this is just the man that washing the needs to turn his disparate conglomeration of militias into a well oiled fighting machine. He knows what he's doing knows how to train knows how to drill, but he dean of Jan got together. And he's said, what are we gonna do? Those only captain Washington's rejecting the generals were sunny over. So suddenly. On students captain's bars recklessly disappeared from shoulder and replaced by general stars. And he became inspector general of Frederick degrades, crush Rb. Which of course, he never was. And he became a principal aide to camp to Frederick the great for over decade, of course, which he never did. But this is the way that they figure they can get him into the states later on when it gets exposed will figure it out. But for now, let's get him over and sure enough he shows up within his first week at valley. Forge the enlisted men junior officers, and even the American generals who are very suspicious of foreigners. He's ingratiated himself to every one of them is first week. He's writing memos to Washington, you cannot have your latrines run willy nilly through the bread baking of territory, you gotta put him on the other side of the hell you let's grade the roads in front of the huts through two thousand hunts. They built a Valley Forge let's grade those roads and give them Reggie. Mental names to give the soldiers sense of professionalism within days Washington had told all his other officers. Do not train your men the training is gonna come from this Prussian Washington gave on stupid his personal guard fifty men chosen other fifty men from the states that were Representative alley Ford and said to student trainings one hundred men and then spread them out throughout the army as your sub traitors. So everyday von Steuben would take these one hundred men out on the debris onto the prayed ground valley. Forge and the other soldiers didn't have a lot to do. So there's thousands of lined up in a square and square watching stupid and action. And sure enough on Steuben would get down on his rather large gut in a muck in the mire teach them how to read to rain or pick up heat. He doffed his coat and throw away is riding crop pick up a musket CHOGM the proper way to put to put a bayonet in. Somebody's gut and then twisted the men took to this like never before. And this is the other one of the many reasons why I love on stupid. He was of prickly for detail use brushing expect and when someone made a mistake or did something wrong, or somehow incurred von Steuben Zeier as I said before he had no English French German will Washington had assigned Lafayette and Lawrence as his translators..
"valley forge" Discussed on The Art of Manliness
"And then he was actually Heroux ick Germantown defeat of Germantown if we have won that battle. I think more people would know about John Laurens, but you know, there's so much about John Laurens story arc in a book that I could go to here today. But let me just say the reason I call them the founding father you never heard of was because late in the war when Washington had finally Hamilton Lawrence. They were always pleading re released me from my inkwell. That's what they called being Washington's aide to camp released me from my inkwell late in the war when Washington at finally given Hamilton and Lawrence command arms down, South Carolina outside. It was his home kind of Charles, and he was down in sickbed. Suffering from malaria, and he had heard got word that the British were sending far party out of the city. Brett, this was months from the end of the war. It was mere weeks before the British would evacuate Charleston, but Lawrence it's out of bed shaking with malaria determined to look for fight with foraging party. He leads a company of men, and as he's looking for squad British gap spots, they shoot him out shoot him off his horse out of the saddle in east dead. He's delegated of twenty seven. It's just I am certain from everything I've read no about John Lawrence that he would have been President George Washington's for secretary of state. But anyway, we're getting way head of ourselves here. Let me just go back to saying that it was the young men as Washington felt the weight of the world on his soldiers at at his headquarters in valley Fords at the Potts house. What came to be known as the podcast. It was rented from Quaker named pots it was Lawrence and. Lafayette and Hamilton who Boyd him in his darkest time, and you mentioned at the onset of our conversation. You're about Washington praying in the snowy glade down on his knees. Tom, and I as we right have come to the conclusion that this is an apocryphal story. Washington was not very religious, man. He sometimes attended like Jefferson was depressed, and he sometimes attended a million services, but he always left before the communion and. There's just because the story came out over half a century later. It's not sourced. Well, we just can't believe that Washington went off by himself into the woods valley. Forge and got down on his knees in snow and prayed to God to help him persevere and keep his army together. But that painting, which you know, everyone has seen it circulate so much Washington on his knees. It is symbolic of how Washington felt that winter. So in that sense had he been a religious man, he probably would have done that just did it in his own way. And once again, it was the youngsters, you know, our veterans Lafayette's wounded, but it was the youngsters Tom. And I call them that really Boyd this man, and his deepest darkest hour a hell on was the continental army hold up at valley. Forge precisely six months six Mondays slogged it there. On December nineteenth seventeen seventy seven and they marched out. And there's a difference. When I say slogging marks a marched out on June nineteenth seventeen seventy eight when the difference like what happened to the army while they're in Valley Forge that because like after valley forged things change for the continental army. Right. It went toward the started winning. So what happens Ali Ford's started that sort of precipitated that I think we can't put it all on his soldiers shoulders our shoulders, but I told you before John Lawrence. Of course, Washington is my favorite character in the book. John Lawrence might be one of my favorites. But my favorite secondary protagonists in this book is the baron Friedrich Wilhelm Ludolf Gerhard Augustin on stolen baron von student. It would be this guy was colorful as named Brett he robbed Valley Forge in late February in his sleigh pulled pulled by team. Coal black pass showed on horses. He had purchased in France just to make a good impression on of course. Purchase the horses. Aboard money was dead. Flat broke the sleigh was Dohrn with twenty four Jingle Bells. Steuben himself had a silk tuna gone still officers tunic to horse pistols and his holster on either hip and his pocket greyhound as are sitting in his lap. He was a big, man. He was a young man wants Deuba was it has mid forties. And he was a it was an ample man sow, shall we say an in his trail was his retinue of servants in aide decamp, and translators he had no English..
"valley forge" Discussed on The Art of Manliness
"He was walking type is on the one hand. He couldn't have Lafayette killed because oh the greatest Frenchman in the United States is now dead note. We're not gonna fight this war for you. That's what the king would say. And on the other hand he needed Lafayette. He couldn't really stop him. I think at one point he said he wrote to the to Henry Lawrence, the president of the continent's congress. He said, I've tried my best the man lives to be in the way of danger putting him in charge of day. Whatever happens happen. Let's let the chips fall where they may. So finally, of course, Lafayette's. Import tuning to to the on to the king. It did bring the French into the war in February of seventeen seventy eight although given vagaries of ocean travel. It's time no win in America. Would know that for months? So there was that aspect of that person is inner circle that kind of booed him up and played political roles. Well, you mentioned John Laurence says forgotten founding father tells about this guy, and what role did he play in Washington circle? He is. Well, of course, Washington my favorite character the book, I just, you You know, know. we tend to look at Washington, or when we think of Washington, I know getting off your question. I promise I'll get right back. Let's get back. Talk about Washington. We think of him like coming out of the womb in his in the portrait jets on the one dollar Bill and Washington was a. A very human, man. He had his yet his weaknesses. He had his yet his doubts about himself. That's why these these kids we would call many had around him Lafayette Hamilton. I mean, there were other seventeen of Olinda three bedroom form house on north west corner Valley Forge that Washington and made his headquarters and among them were John Lawrence Twenty-three-year-old, John Laurens. You're right. He's one of my favorite characters in the book. Lawrence had been studying. He was the son of Henry Lawrence who succeeded? John Hancock as president of the continental congress in seventeen seventy seven the Lawrence's were a big, South Carolina family, in fact, had made their money on slavery and relearn own the biggest slave house in South Carolina. John was studying law in London after having received his university degree in Geneva. When war broke out the United States much to his father's chagrin. Immediately rushed back volunteers. Ervices Washington like this man to and so did Hamilton Alexander Hamilton, John Lawrence became fast, friends. They became the best difference finishing each other's sentences. And at one point I mean during brandy wine creek much to once again, his father, chagrin Lawrence showed his military ability..
"valley forge" Discussed on The Art of Manliness
"On US orders as well as flexible payment options right now if you purchase two wedding rings. So if you're thinking about getting married if you purchase two wedding rings from brilliant earth. You'll include complementary pair of diamond earrings in your order this offer only lasts until the end of the year. So head to brilliant earth dot com slash manliness to see terms and details again, brilliant earth dot com slash manliness. And now back to the show. So I mean, Washington's basically just haven't held at time right now, he's faced these defeats his army is about to fall apart. So what I loved about the book as you described his inner circle these characters that kind of booted him up and the one the one that really stuck at me. We started talking we'd be in the show talking about yet. I mean, I knew of him, but I didn't know much about him until I read the book, and I made me like fall in love with this guy. This guy sounded amazing who's nineteen years old to tell us how did this aristocratic French kid, basically ended up being Washington's basically kind of Dopp good, son? Well. L commonly contend in our book Valley Forge that the shared core values that men like Lafayette Hamilton. Greene mad, Anthony, Wayne, and John Laurens their share chord. Core of values was the most productive generation of statesmen at the United States has ever produced. We say this knowing full well about Lincoln's team of rivals and FDR's kitchen cabinet. But these men stood out. I believe out. Don't forget was it sounds it's easy to be sarcastic about this now, but this was another era and these were idealists, and there was none more ideal in the Marquis Lafayette when he arrived in the United States in August of seventeen seventy seven as you said he was nineteen years old. He he turned twenty around the time of the brandy one. He wanted to fight he at read about American ideals, and he believed that he could. Fight in this war and take that ideology back to France with him and Washington who for the most part hate it. The foreign mercenaries have been Franklin and his associate Silas Deane to American diplomats in Paris. They were sending all these. I love this words, he wrote to my read the letters stop, sending me these pump. And Jay's a good word is fallen into disuse, but these were predominantly Frenchman, and it came over with no English, and they expected to be handed a general sash the moment, they set foot on United States soil and Washington just had no use for these people. But Lafayette was different think Washington saw some of his younger self in Lafayette in the food. She has for the battlefield honors because Washington was very much that way in his younger days during the with the seven years war, which we called the French and Indian war and there was something about Lafayette. Help at Lafayette was the only man washing. It was a toll man who was six three at a time. When I guess the average high was maybe five nine and Lafayette was toll enough using only look Washington in the eye and Washington there was a double edged sword with Lafayette, not only did he personally. Come to consider him, his surrogate son don't wash to trial was he had a yet a stepson Jackie Custos with Martha custody, but he had no children of his own Lafayette was about the right age for him to have been George Washington, son. And I'll give you a perfect anecdote at the battle of brandy wine creek win took a bullet hole musket ball in his leg. Washington sought out the surgeons attending to Lafayette at treat him as you would my own son. Now, there's that there's that personal connection between the two, but there's also Washington as I said before was learning to become a canny political atom. And he knew that Lafayette was writing back to France about the American struggle for independence, especially to the French Foreign Minister the count division who had the ear of the boy king. Louis extent would go a long way to bringing friendship France into the war. He needed Lafayette. A heat with..
"valley forge" Discussed on The Art of Manliness
"But it kinda shocked people when I mentioned it in my presentation did breakfast esque you. Well, yes, of course, you know, because you're the book, but nobody seems realize there were seven hundred fifty black soldiers at Valley Forge now they were all freemen, many of them have been born Freeman others had been slaves on New England plantations their owners were giving compensation and these men were formed into talian, and they fought for Roche ously and the deal was if you'll fight was indoor contract for the duration of the war. We will we will free you afterwards. And Rhode Island was the first state to do this and when politicians generals from Connecticut and Massachusetts saw. How ferociously these black soldiers for they said we have to do ourselves. And this was the last time until the Korean war that black American soldiers fought side by side with white American soldiers. Yes, there were black units in World War, Two key airman, but they were segregated. This was the last integrated American army until career. That's that's great. That's a did not know that have until I read the book, we're gonna take break. For your words. More sponsors are life insurance, deeply unfunny topic because you have to think about your own death when you contemplate life insurance and most people don't like thinking about death, and they definitely don't like thinking about insurance, but actually having life insurance feels great because, you know, your loved ones taken care of if in the event, you die and getting that peace of mind doesn't need to be complicated policy. Gina's easy way to get life insurance in minutes. You can compare quotes from top insurance to find the coverage. You need at a price. You can afford from there. You can apply online and the unbiased visors at policy genius will handle all the red tape and policy jeans doesn't make life insurance easy. Whether you're shopping for disability insurance track your income homeowners. Insurance auto insurance. They can help you get covered fast been intimidated or frustrated by insurance in the past give policy genius. A try just go to policy genius dot com. To your quotes in apply in minutes. You can do the whole thing on your phone right now, unless you're driving don't do that. So good a policy genius dot com. Policy. Genius the easy way to compare in by life insurance, also by proper cloth finding address that fits is nearly impossible. Something always off the collar of the sleeves of the shirts just to billowy or too tight. Thankfully, ordering a custom fit shirt has never been easier with proper cloth. At propercloth dot com. You can easily credit customer size in seconds, just by answering. Ten simple questions. No tape measure required. First off not only can you get a custom fitted shirt, you can customize shirt. However, you want choose from over twenty caller styles. Ten customers and five hundred fabric styles from classic to business casual to completely customize your shirt and get the style. You want a team? At propercloth works. The best fabric Bruce around the world. And only by fabrics that meet their high quality expectations and each one of the shirts goes through an extensive quality control testing, the absolute best quality and craftsmanship. All proper cloth guarantees perfect fit me that if somehow you're sure doesn't fit you perfectly. When you get it. They will remake it for free. The whole process is risk free. This is the future shirts people. Go to propercloth dot com slash manliness today. Enter gift code manliness to save twenty dollars on your first shirt. Again, propercloth dot com slash manliness gift code manliness to save twenty dollars on your first custom made to measure shirt and finally, by brilliant earth. Brilliant earth is the global leader in ethically sourced, fine, jewelry, and the destination. Crane your own customer. Gauging simply go to brilliant earth dot com, pick variety of ethically sourced, diamonds gemstones, precious metals and styles. Brilliant earth masters bring the life conic designs, exceptional craftsmanship, inequality in every piece of your customer or pick from either exclusive unique jewelry designs, they've also got vintage rings. That's when you wanna do as well, as Iran's bracelets necklaces, their passionate about cultivating more stable jewelry industry above and beyond the industry. Standard by offering beyond conflict free diamonds along with fine jewelry crafted from recycled precious metals, a steady serves the hallmark of brilliant earth. So the offer free shipping returns..
"valley forge" Discussed on The Art of Manliness
"Continental congress back in York and Washington was so close to turning things around when I don't know if you wanna talk about Saratoga, but as all these losses were piling up during the Pennsylvania campaign random on creek Paoli Germantown a in a little hamlet in upstate New York. A hamlet of Saratoga the American general Horatio gates defeats the British general gentleman. Johnny Burgoyne captures five thousand Redcoats heavens, including twenty three generals. Now gates, of course, he's hailed by the John Adams click. This is the man to replace Washington gates was fine with that. He was a political animal. He was he was British born he had fought for the British during the French and Indian war and after the British one that were he had settled in the states on an estate of Jinya. And when rebellion broke out the American rebellion broke out gates cast his lot with the colony. Which were now states. He went to boss. He expected to be named commander in chief and was quite peeved when Washington was chosen as the compromise candidate gates, considered Washington middle gentry fox-hunting Virginian country, bumpkin more or less so now gate seizes chance and he takes logic in York. And he begins lobbying the delegates there on your man. Make me commander and chief. But because there were so few congressman York, they could not get a majority. So they did the next best thing they gifted general gates by making president of the board of war. Now previously the American board of war had been kind of a bureaucratic political position. What are we gonna do the POW's how we're gonna get wagon wheels? Made where we're going to purchase arms, but gate turns it around and suddenly he's giving orders to the field. You don't do this. That's way out of line. It was public slap in the face Washington and the Dana mall came. When gates named his friend, the Irish-born, French of Thomas Conway as inspector general of the continental army. This was way out a leak Washington was the only man to name is he was it was in protocol that the commander in chief names inspector general, not some president of the board a war, but Washington once again takes his very public slap in the face with equality, and he knows what gates doesn't know. What Adams doesn't know what none of the New England faction? Oh is that without his physical and emotional presence at valley? Forge this army this continental army of ours fall apart and suddenly the delegates out at the camp committee that went to Valley Forge they are starting to realize this too. It's only Washington's preternatural sense of will. It's only the loyalty that these soldiers have to their commander in chief that keeping his army together and get me wrong. There were plenty their scores. Hundreds of desertions men just saying we can't take. This anymore. Albums will some of the diaries and journals we read bread, I remember, it was Joseph plumb Martin. He was like Zely the revolution. He was everywhere. At one point. He wrote in his diary. Oh, yes. I think it was thanksgiving e continental congress had declared a day of thanksgiving for gates victory. It's our toga. And he said, oh, we were served a hearty lamb stew with onions and carrots cabbage and hickory nuts without the lamb stewed, the onions carrots cabbage, the hickory nuts. Instead, they were issued a Gill of vinegar ward of scurvy and Gil of rice. I mean his army was in bad shape, and the delegates at belly forger beginning to realize only Washington can keep this army together that was a very long winded answer to your question. I apologize. No. No, no. It's a great story. So basically, they were they're punting down in valley. Forge for the winter after these defeats at brandy wine in Germantown says in Pennsylvania. So this raise the question, why were things so bad? Why why were there men who are naked no shoes in the winter during valley Valley Forge just as the nascent United States did not know how to set up an army? We're no clue how to put an army together. In fact, most the congressman did not want standing army. They thought they could they could defeat the greatest the greatest empire on earth Bill terribly with the bunch of disparate militiamen..
"valley forge" Discussed on The Art of Manliness
"He came this close Brett they were so close to routing the British and in the last minute is fog rolled in the American militia started shooting at each other. It was just a mess. A giant mess of friendly fire which gave the British enough time gave general Cornwallis in time to get out of Philadelphia with reinforcements for half. And they turned what looked for sure. Like it was going to be a continental victory into this rousing route of retreat. So now Washington's over three in the west, of course, when the British took Philadelphia, the continental congress, such as they were abandoned the city and most of them went back to their their own districts, but a small core at if anyone point between eighteen and twenty three delegates took over the courthouse in the inland. Philadelphia town of York and now the whispers that I spoke about about Washington, they're they're full blown roar. John Adams wants him out, Dr Benjamin rush and Slovenia surgeon, very respective and signer of the declaration of independence. He writes, an anonymous screed calling Washington a full blown dictator with no military skills. Now, there's a courses turned into a pamphlet it circulated up and down the east coast. Roll the colonies Patrick Henry. As a matter of fact, he saw the original. And he writes, the Washington he said this is Benjamin Russia's hand. Right. I just want you to know the kind of statesmen kinda heavy hitters you're up against once you out and Washington oddly enough, he was a great militia commander and if tree commander, but he knew nothing about cavalry tactics for about a about military, engineering or bad artillery. So when he was named commander in chief. He ran out, but all these books about how does this work? So now, he was not only learning how to be a military commander. He was learning. How to be a savvy politician if the knives are out for me, I'm gonna turn I'm gonna turn the situation around to make knives out for them. So when he did was he didn't respond to rush right away. Instead, he asked congress in York, the delegates were there, can you said the commission out here unin inspection tour. I want you to see what's happening out here. And when the five delegates who eventually arrived Valley Forge saw the condition of the army, right? When I'm saying, naked or half bacon. I'm not talking metaphorically foreign officers who came to Valley Forge. Either. Volunteer to fight for the Americans or observe were shocked to see continental centuries naked under a ratty blanket. Barefoot standing on their hats in the snow or the freezing muck. I mean this army was on the on the verge as Washington wrote to congress of starving dissolving dispersing when these five delegates Valley Forge they were. So embarrassed started taking off their own shoes and Eum two soldiers. So now Washington starts manipulating what came to me known as the camp committee these five delegates and without them really knowing they're putting into action everything that Washington wants every day. He sends over one of his young aids props to John Lawrence Alexander Hamilton, and controlling and kind of putting into mind. Oh, God, we need food. Washington's not an autocrat is the only thing keeping his army together, which effect was true. So it was almost like the tail sorted wagging. The dog the five delegates to the camp committee began wagging the dog of..
"valley forge" Discussed on The Art of Manliness
"No other Valley Forge articles or books before. And maybe we can talk about that later. But I just thought that was a that was a nice aside that we got this French-Speaking kid to go to our workforce. So I think for people to understand Valley Forge in its importance yet understand what was going on with the war leading up to it. So what point did you take up the story? We pick it up in August of seventeen seventy seven with George Washington marching the continental army through down market street in Philadelphia show force a back up a little bit. What had happened previous to where we begin to book Washington as as you probably know he was a compromise candidate for the commander in chief of the continental army all of New England firebrands John Adams Sam Adams, James Lavelle. They knew that if they were going to take on the most powerful powerful empire in the world. They needed Virginia. The former colony Virginia. Now, the state of Virginia in the fault. It was the most populous state was the largest state. It was a richest state. So as a compromise. They plucked George Washington who had. Been a successful militia commander fighting alongside the British during the French and Indian war, and they made him commander and chief now this pissed off a lot of people and John Adams was never really sold on George Washington. Fact, he quipped the only reasons commander in chief is because he's tallest man in any room, he walks. So when Washington drove in seventy six when Washington drove the British out of Boston feather in his cap. But then things started to go wrong. He lost New York. The battle Brooklyn heights the battle White Plains the battle of Harlem heights, and he was basically just driven out of New York this tail between his legs and the whispers about Washington in Philadelphia where the continental congress was meeting. They started to get a little bit louder with then Washington quelled that with this apprise attack in seventy seven seventy six on Trenton in the mop up duty at Princeton that kinda bought him some time, but. Come what they call back, then the fighting season of seventeen seventy seven when general how commander of all British forces in the United States. He was the one who driven Washington out of New York. He and his brother Lord, Richard. How who was in charge of the Royal Navy? They decided to make their move on Philadelphia. Which was of course, the nascent capital of the United States and throughout that late summer early full campaign general how flummoxed Washington general Washington at every single turn. There was the battle of brandy. One creek where Washington chose a spot on a creek that was more like a river try to turn back the British from capturing Philadelphia. And instead general how ran an all night flanking maneuver, and he came back Hume's came back around behind Washington. And if only for the the covering movements of two of Washington's homegrown generals, Nathaniel Greene from Rhode Island and Pennsylvania's own Anthony way later became known as mad talk. If it was. Int- for they're covering movement. Almost Seidel the continental army would have been annihilated or captured so ten days after brandy. One creek Washington has sent general Wayne with a brigade of American soldiers shadow the British as they move towards Philadelphia. Maybe you can come. You can relate a me another place where we can attack them. But we made the mistake of staying one night too long and this plateau in the township of Paoli Pennsylvania not far by the way for valley. Forge how got wind of Wayne where he was local Tories led him there, and he ordered a midnight, bayonet attack on Wayne's sleeping, soldiers and. General he put in charge. No, Flint grey. They called him. General Charles clay, gray, G, R E Y. He had ordered his soldiers. A reason got the nickname. No, Flint, take your flit locks out of your Brown. Best muskets strictly bayonets and be no-quarter over two hundred Americans were massacred it became known as the Paoli Bhaskar massacred in their tents in their sleep. And then finally shortly after that when Washington tried one last ditch effort to take back Philadelphia at what became known as the battle of Germantown..
"valley forge" Discussed on The Art of Manliness
"Right. Jury. Welcome back to the show brash. It's great to be back. Thanks had fun time. As you win. We did lucky six looking forward to the same for Valley Forge the threat. So you got a new book out Valley Forge now this is interesting. It's just like an iconic moment in American revolutionary history. I think all of us has seen the the painting of Washington praying. We'll talk about that you're in a bit. But what got you thinking about valley? Forge in writing writing the history of this event in such great detail. Frankly, it was a family affair believe it or not I have a twenty year old twenty one year old is twenty one now son Liam Antoine with hyphen and his mother's French and Liam one has been is a dual citizen. He's been bilingual since infancy. He's in university of the UK now speaks for different languages, but one Daggs was six or seven years ago. He was thirteen or fourteen we're down on my wife's house outside of Philadelphia for holiday was Christmas. And I heard this kerfluffle. In the next room in the TV room. And I went as I was walking towards my son is kinda stopping out. I said what's wrong, son? And he said, my wife's brother had made a crack about the United States bailing France at a two world wars and my son shot back at him. Oh, yeah. If it wasn't for the marquee Lafayette in the French army, you'd be Canada right now, there wouldn't even be United States. And not only was I proud of my early team. Some for standing up to this forty year old man Brennan was like a light bulb off over my head off yet during the revolution. What a great book. And so I got a hold of my co author Tom clay when we both agree. We are just finishing up our red club book, the heart of everything that is we had already committed to the World War Two book six six but Lafayette was in the queue he was next online. And of course, as we were working on lucky six the inestimable, Sarah Val, terrific writer. She came out with her book Lafayette in this somewhat. United States so alas there goes that idea down the tubes. What's find something else? But Tom stopped me. Tom Clave, my co author and he said hold on a second. I just been doing some perfunctory research on laugh at what do you know about valley? Forge and I kind of answer at an ice was what most Americans learned in civics class or social studies or if grade history. A lot of freezing half naked men starving to death. And as you put it kind of Washington in the portrait's, he's sitting on a big white horse watching them store today. And and Tom said there, I think there might be a lot more to that winter of seventeen seventy seven seven seven eight than meets the eye that most Americans know about so by this time, I done a little research on my own and this was three February's ago. Two thousand fifteen I made an appointment with the park service's chief Valley Forge his story. And Brad I spent the day with Mitro Valley Forge and we did a walking tour for the entire day. And what I learned just in that day when I got home. I was so excited at coke live. And I said we have a book we have a book. No one no American knows the half of what was going on. If alley fork. So that's how the concept came about. So to speak a love it started with your son. Fantastic. We'll get want. In fact, I you we used to you'll see on the book. We it says contemporaneous materials materials never used before. We hired my son to go into the French archives. And find out some stuff that's been in..
"valley forge" Discussed on KGO 810
"Fraser's new book is twin biography of the Washington, George and Martha's their marriage what we have given that Martha burn the letters after George's death. So we have glimpses and their pieces and there large reflections of their friends of their correspondence. But Martha war has many admirers, and we have points of view of Martha going off to war, George I ghost Cambridge to take command of what there is of the continental army arising and Martha follows him to Cambridge floor. I like the fact that I didn't anticipate that this very proper and petite woman from new Kent County would go off to to be with the boss Tonia this with those rascals who were causing all the trouble in the north. And then she would follow him to New York and be with the Dutch. And then she would follow him to Philadelphia and be with the Quakers. She was. Remarkably adventurous, given the distances and the troubles. And the weather of those ages was that a discovery to her as well, do we know if she if she thought she was up to this? Or what was it an accident that she found out that she was this bold? I think I think both she and Washington was surprised to discover the she was this bold because she'd been very fistful children's lives when they were young shoot not only to be away from them. And the idea that he would be there Valley Forge that in the hardship of the terrible winter Morris time, I think it was a revelation to both of them. And I think she really glued with tried to be the with him. And I think it was also I I wouldn't say it was a necessity. But he did not come back for the is the Warwick to mount Vernon except for. A few days in seventeen eighty one and. It was for them to be together. It was to go. But I don't think she and dissipated at the beginning of the wall that she would go a tool, but of course, they didn't anticipate the the war would be eight years long. Many people do finish by Christmas. They were they held tables. They would send out invitations. I have the copy this one from Flora's book the this evening, February first the general and MRs Washington present their compliments Colonel Knox and lady and begged the favor of their company. So they were sending out dinner invitations and Martha then becomes what you'd have to say is the proto first lady, she's the generals lady, but she's organizing the senior officers and the junior officers in a court fashion. Absolutely. And there are these young a d. Include act onto Hamilton coast, but many others, and they all these young men, and they effectively good kept. Spirits a kept up by mouth. She's the only woman generally at. Quotas all the way through until the fighting stones. Lucie knocks. We've mentioned Henry Knox. His wife is a moth sticker, but is not always that many of these wives younger and giving birth all looking after children elsewhere, and so more threes keeping up the spirits of Washington, and a few stake keeping this people on the table. I mean, they they host these dinners in lock have been dining rooms, which the God put put up at valley. Forge it's say keep this this. Sodas state if you like and the reason for that I would say it's important for Washington to entertain Nonni members of congress congressional committees members of different members of the states commit to the foreign envoys who come and, of course, it's very important, the the French should come and should see that the Americans all an fighting force and a fighting fools who. They should support. And there are more Phyllis entertainment, given almost late. Medieval tournaments in these fields in New Jersey at headquarters at Middlebrook and bowl. Just to put on a good show for the French the entertainment in consists of taking care and feeding the army, which is always outra outmanned, and always outgunned and doesn't have enough money in his tattered in his volunteer. People are showing up. However, I learned from floor for the first time that the correspondence at the time. We're looking for a rule for women of the patriots. This new idea of being a Republican democrat somebody who wanted to devote themselves to the democracy. This is after the declaration of independence, and one recommendation was that they model themselves after the Roman republic's women. And and that was that was of course, Adams's idea John Adams without Adam. But Martha was completely not ready for that. Did she did she push that away? Or was it just her style? Then everybody had to agree that she was a simple person was not going to be a Roman lady. I think that it was you know, he she left. People like intellectual women mercy Otis Warren Abigail Adams to follow these these these ideas, she remained Virginia matron Virginian matron who was an im-. Consumers hostess, and and someone who was warm who knew how to. Lighten the load lights in the mood. And that's what she's so as always she was the to support. The general as he was pulled in and in the wall. She was always referred to as lady Washington, which was no one quite knew they wanted some title to express the respect for let's go to let's go to Valley Forge because I grew up near valley often camp there for the boy scouts, and we were told stories about Martha and George, and you tell us you give a picture of Martha arriving at Valley Forge especially in the little house a little too floor house that they lived in. And the conditions were severely severely dangerous. Severely dangerous. They were starving. And there was always the danger of pandemic in to the end, and she'd been inoculated from the smallpox earlier when she'd been in Philadelphia, but still that's not enough given typhus and malaria and yellow fever and all the other threats and yet she lives upstairs from this camp where there are hundreds dying every week. It's remarkable that she survived that and the George Washington. To take that risk. Yes. I mean, the the disease as you say Valley Forge not any splits the cry going up, no bread. Souljah because they were stopping they would living on a flower. But but as an it was no money clothes. They were doing God UTM kids without shoes without britches. But as you say, it was the disease, which was frightening and the numbers at Valley Forge, but. Extraordinary. It was the. Disease carried off during the war with the most. Men, and it was extraordinary in the sense the way that as soon as he got into winter quarters every. One of the eight years of war. He sent regardless of the you mentioned Joan earlier, the journeys she would make which through ice and snow and and. And he. Route to family and friends and. Has grandchild might be being born. And she said if the general calls, I must go and go she did she survived. She survived Valley Forge, but that is the midpoint of the war. The conditions. Do not improve the following year. We come into again the army is tattered, and it's bouncing around in the general Philadelphia area and a note here flora because we've gone too quickly. There are many relatives. There are many children being born and dying. Their husbands being carried away wise being carried away Martha is maintaining morning felt like she never was out of black the way it goes the way these many people die around her all the time. And and that loss of her daughter you at that point was deep distress. And we know she's going to lose more ahead of us here in seventy eight. But was she was she significant for George Washington because she was a rock. She didn't die. He he he had nothing else to. Count on from what I can see around him people were being carried off all the time. People being carried out and. And. Knew that the the the strain of at all points. Is com. Writing to always being the servant of congress writing to president pan-caucasus might be the congressional president of the of that year and at all points, even when djing on action, which he knew was absolutely vital for the campaign. Always finished. I am of course, the just congress, and we'll be guided and that was an amazing thing, but he did keeping all meet together while. At all points. That the military was subservient to the civil government and Lhasa. I think was. Just known so long. They had been such a unit together for so long. And and. Some of these new military associates. Henry Sanyo green, others men of enormous talent and became friends. They know on had that bond with him. And no one really understood how confident Washington was in a in a politician, and he would write when all about me sleeping. I li- tossed by indecision, he mishit indecision. And and. Times when when indecision lost him a military position. Let's go. Let's go to.