40 Burst results for "United"
Fresh update on "united" discussed on Queer as Fact
"Unlike, she moved to the US like. They've. Got Her pay in the US and spent much of her life teaching in the states, she was a sociologist by training at another like Black Caravan American feminist Audrey Gloria Cross pods a number of times, because by spike, the same conventions and went to the same conferences did nineteen eighty-one Gloria contacted to invite to speak at a women writers symposium. She was organizing in the Virgin Islands. Following this. The tree became close through work together on anti-apartheid activists, and as Gloria said a spark ignited. On. October Twenty Fifth Nineteen ninety-three United States invited order as family homeland of Granada. I can. I didn't even cash that data. So it's not like it's country Golden, and it does become its own country again after that I came in nineteen, seventy, four Granada became independent from Britain in Nineteen, seventy, nine like a local Communist Party seized power which have close ties with Cuba I see in nineteen ninety-three, that was some internal tensions in the ominous party between the like later and his deputy Minnesota, so they have arrangement similar to Ustralia this time. They had a prime minister under Governor General. Was, the representative for rid and the governor. General contacted the United. States for help united. States took help as what's invade. End came in basically. Margaret Thatcher was angry at Ronald.
South Africa exceeds UK in confirmed virus cases
"Africa has surpassed the United Kingdom in the number of confirmed Corona virus cases. This, according to that nation's health ministry. A cz well AST the rolling tally by Johns Hopkins University. South Africa now has just over 298,000 cases. That's the world's eighth highest number of confirmed cases, and it represents nearly half of all the confirmed cases on the African continent. A strict lock down had delayed the surgeon cases, but it's been loosened sense because of economic concerns, South Africa's president said this week the country faces the gravest crisis in the history of its democracy.
Fresh update on "united" discussed on Chip Franklin
"Just goes on and on and on. Oh, my God. He's he's just It's scary. Why Democrats? Can they win the Senate? Maybe. What would they do with it? If they got it? That's all Come out. Next on KGO Koven, 19 related deaths in America have surpassed 136,000. President Trump says the vaccine will be delivered in record breaking time. Different vaccines being studied right now. Many of which are looking really good. And we're ready to distribute the vaccine. When we get it. We're all set the nation's top infectious disease experts as the pandemic must be brought under control. Dr. Anthony Fauci, in a Georgetown University interview, says some regions are overwhelmed. Global serious situation is too serious situation in the United States, the United States being a very large country and very hetero genius, both geographically demographically in other ways. It's a mixed bag. Some areas of the country are doing really Quite well and others are being challenged. On Wall Street. The Dow Jones Industrial Average gained 557 points. The NASDAQ Up 98 man Kate's.
ICE reverses controversial rule for foreign students
"24 hours before it was to take effect. A controversial new federal rule that couldn't have forced thousands of international students out of the United States has been rescinded. Nice made the announcement this morning in a Boston courtroom where a lawsuit challenging the rule was getting underway. The rule would have required that foreign students attend classes in person, not online. This fall
Fresh update on "united" discussed on All Things Considered
"So obviously you have spent a long time thinking about Benjamin Tillman. How do you feel about All these monuments to this man. It's always struck me as bizarre, honestly, in the same way that monuments to property Lee or to the Confederacy generally have have struck me is bizarre. That people who so perfectly represent values and pathetic a ll to the ones The United States claims to stand for. Can be celebrated in public in the way that monuments another civic representations. Do. So honestly, it's just been kind of incredulity, but I think, as you said at the beginning we grew up with these things is wallpaper, and it takes this time and attention and energy to learn to see them as something other than wallpaper in tow. To see past the respectability and the bronze and the rest and actually understand that they're human stories being told Stephen Kantrowitz is a professor of history at the University of Wisconsin Madison. Thank you very much for helping us. Understand Who? This man Wass. It's my pleasure. You're listening to all things considered on W N. Y C. Research suggests that smoke from wildfires could make people more susceptible to Cove it 19 infection and make those infections more deadly. There's already fairly good evidence from China, Italy and one important study in the US We'll take a closer look at those studies as the wildfire season ramps up here in the United States. That story is coming up. Next stay tuned. What if the leader of a great nation was so in that an unpopular everybody knew his.
Cargo plane with aid crashes in Somalia, all crew survive
"2017 and three crew members have survived after a United Nations cargo plane crashed this morning at an airport in
Fresh "United" from 10 10 WINS 24 Hour News
"Family safe. During the Koven 19 pandemic visitors today it r b medical supply dot com r b medical supply dot com. Turning out mostly clear and comfortable tonight, says AC UA there alot of 69 then tomorrow over the hump. Wednesday we go sunny to partly cloudy with a high of 83 degrees tomorrow night. Much like tonight. Partly cloudy With a low of 68 then Thursday times of clouds and sun. It'll cloud up become more human to high near 80 degrees. With the shower thunderstorm possible late Thursday low near 70 and that'll tie on into Friday mostly cloudy and humid with a sour thunderstorm around Oh, hi again near 80 degrees right now. 82 degrees in Midtown. Good evening. I'm Larry Mullins wins News time at the tone. 7 30 Good evening. I'm Laurie Madden. Four more States, seven headed to the New York, New Jersey and Connecticut. Quarantine rules. Visitors from Minnesota. New Mexico, Ohio and Wisconsin. We'll have to quarantine for 14 days when arriving here in the tri state area, Delaware has been removed from the list. Governor Phil Murphy to very concerned again if we could control everything within our four walls that have the one thing that we are the United States of America and we have to look with Marie, with great concern on the surge is elsewhere. Good morning, America. Mayor de Blasio and First lady Shirley McRae announced.
US Army medical task force arrives in Houston to help fight coronavirus surge, officials say
"To to help help local local hospitals hospitals struggling struggling to to keep keep up up with with the the recent recent rise rise in in cases. cases. Dr Dr David David Per, Per, says says it'll it'll soon soon begin begin transferring transferring patients patients to an empty wing and United Methodist medicals are United Memorial Medical Center and set up another facility in the Willowbrook area. We're getting some support to open up 1/3 medical resort and the medical resorts remind you is a nursing home that has been vacated and is similar used to take care of patients who have been hospitalized and are improving and just aren't quite ready to go home. The city of Houston reported an additional 1500 positive cases over the weekend and eight additional death springing the city's death toll to 277. Thie, owner of Houston seen Arnold's brewing
Fresh update on "united" discussed on Tom and Curley
"Gives you rights in for in France and the United States, you mean well, that's a steel was when they stormed the prison, right? And we all got free. Didn't the French get freedom is beginning to revolution, and we all get a chance to think it was the most significant movement in probably 1000 years in Europe. And gave us Napoleon. But eventually things got around ST gave you rights. Right? Yes. Avi Villa Frantz and then in the United States. Those rights came from God. Yeah, but he was a mechanical god who didn't pay attention right back. We save Sirius Cash with our progressive home and auto bundle and use the money to buy a new boat already water. This is not a real testimonials. Sure, customers can save big money with progressive but not.
Serbia-Kosovo talks 'back on track
"Now Serbia has refused to recognize Kosovo's statehood since Kosovo unilaterally declared independence from Serbia in two thousand and eight, nearly a decade after a very bloody war dialogue between Belgrade and Prishtina began in two thousand eleven, producing some thirty agreements most of them, though a not observed, but after talks broke down a couple of years ago, the parties are communicating again with both the EU and the US weighing in well for more I'm joined by James, Kara Lindsay who's visiting professor at the NFC and author of the politics of recognition and engagement, e you, member-state relations with Kosovo James Let's begin with the US involvement. Where do we stand with this? Well. There was a lot of excitement that the united. States was getting involved in this process a couple of years ago. There was a sense Washington really wants it's gets are. Big International Agreement. This was going to be one of trump's moments of glory. That was going to get reelected. And so there was a lot of activity that was going on. By the United States role, the separate from the e U process switch continuing as you've noted since two thousand eleven. But recently it's basically collapsed in this collapse for number of reasons one because they would charges brought against the presidents of Kosovo. For War Crimes but also I think that we just up against the clock in the United States Rick. Grenell the US ambassador to Germany, who was handling this? It looks like he's going to be very involved in trump's reelection campaign, and as we know it less than four months to go before the US election. I, think the latest sellings way hand over to Europe is saying look I've. Got To be dealing with now, so the ball is very very certainly back in the European court now and there was a video summit on Friday chaired by the the the Cherry double-act Merckel macron. What what transpired? The the problem as Well. There's a whole range of problems. As again as you noted as being a range of agreements have been put in place over the past, a number of years most which haven't really been observed, but there's also been deep divisions within the European Union about what they want. Now there's been a number of proposals being coming forward a nice been suggestions that the President Sukasto vote and Serbia. Actually at one point very close to a deal, but controversially that would include some so the territorial swap and we know that Germany in actual fact Britain as well a very very opposed to this. The. Americans on the other hand seem to be open to the idea although they seem to be a rowing buckle now now. I'm so the probably essentially have is that we need a big picture secondments here and the Europeans have been pressing so small normalization agreements, which is all very well and good boots. As I'm saying I worked Cypress pathetic years, and these small agreements, a justice difficult to get into place, and even more typical in many ways to implement than actually spending time focusing on a big picture final deal, and so I think this is the real question about half now. Is it going to be back to try to get these piecemeal agreements that don't really work or all week in the focus on the big picture? Final settlements. Will really put this issue behind both Kosovo. and Serbia and of course that question becomes very urgent, because it looks as if the leaders of Serbia in Kosovo will meet face to face in Brussels later this week. Yes I'm I mean to be honest with you? I don't think anyone's really expecting that. We can see any big breakthroughs now. and I again. I'm I'm very very skeptical that you're really even knows what it wants. the IT could be a return to these sort of. These small bitsy talks which you don't get me wrong. These are important things that needs to be doubts which will make long foot for people in costumes survey much better. But like a Lotta people a my view is the you sold. If they were the big picture deal, anyway and so what you're doing is many ways wasting time on energy block treasurer on all these trying to get these small agreements, which in the end don't really get implemented because that fundamental big picture agreement so. I I think the big problem here is that it's it's. Europe's coming at the wrong way. I mean Europe officials as saying that resolution is the only way that Serbia and Kosovo seek to become members of the EU. Do you think that that's a big enough incentive? Well. I mean I. Get sent certainly in Kosovo there is. A growing realization something needs to be done so often. Votes Clayton dependency. The was that we go from. There was a we've got. The Americans behind US rebuilt the British the French recalled Germans. They're going to go out and tell. The world recognized Kosovo and in the first few years. That seems to be what was happening and we got to a point where about one, hundred ten or hundred thirteen of the one hundred ninety three members of the UN recognized. Kosovo But Russia and China refuse to recognize it, so that prevents full you and membership, but what we've seen in the past couple of years is Serbia's lobbied countries to withdraw that recognition of Kosovo is now recognized about ninety seven countries so I think in Prishtina this realization if we want to join the UN if we want to be a normal, fully accepted country on the world stage, we've got to reach a final deal with Belgrade. What is it that we? We can offer Belgrade. The Belgrade might be willing to accept. The trump is what it sink. President Sanctuary was willing to offer Belgrade's. The German said No. We're not willing to allow it to go that far because if you stop changing borders between Serbian, Kosovo. Even if this is consensual, you'll not problems north Macedonia and Bosnia so we we have a fundamental problem here of how we're going to deal with something that frankly speaking could be dealt with sally easily. If, there was sort of coincidence abuse amongst the Americans, the Europeans, subs and the Kosovo Albanians James. Thank you very much? Indeed, that's James Collins.
The Trump administration says foreign students must leave US if classes go online
"Donald Trump I ran for president. He's had a lot of racist and homophobic things about immigrants, and how he was going to build a wall to many of them out, he also said this. I want people to come into our country legally I WANNA have a big fat beautiful open door. A BIG FAT Beautiful Open Door for legal immigrants. That's how Donald Trump tried to convince the American, And the voters that it wasn't really about hating immigrants, it was just about the rule of law getting the so-called bad hombres out. If you recall Donald Trump has done many things, both during that election, and in the four years, since that made it really clear that he really is prejudice against immigrants of all stripes, or maybe of most stripes, and doesn't seem to care much about the rule of law, either but some level of welcome for immigrants, some level of acknowledgement that immigration is actually important to America's economy, if not its. Its values and traditions was mainstream republican consensus at the time as recently as last year, administration officials were still telling reporters. Trump actually wanted to increase the number of visas for highly skilled workers, but here's the thing Donald. Trump has repeatedly and emphatically slammed his big fat beautiful door in the faces of those same immigrants that his party once tried to make exceptions for the latest example is the trump administration's announcement of a new policy for international students who study at an American College and who studies have moved online during the pandemic. Pandemic, the trump administration essentially told those students to go back to where they came from revoking their right to stay in the United States. The decision doesn't just end the lives of those international students. It's another discouragement of them to study and potentially build their lives in America. We're shutting the door on some of the world's best and brightest minds, giving up on their contributions to American business to research, innovation and society, now and down the Road Harvard Law School Professor Vivek Wadhwa writes that the effective pushing these students away will quote. Quote likely be an exodus of academic talent to schools in Europe or elsewhere and intellectual catastrophe of historic proportions with long-term economic ramifications. There is so much at stake in this move by the president for the students for the universities, and for all of us that today the attorneys General of Sixteen. States and DC joined the age of Massachusetts ensuing the administration to try and stop the policy. They're asking Federal Court in Boston to block. The policy is the case moves forward no word yet, but as Rachel says watch this
Trump Aides Rule Out Ending Hong Kong Dollar Peg as Punishment
"Bloomberg is being told that top advisers to President Trump ruling out undermining the Hong Kong dollar to punish China for its tightening grip on the city quite as AIDS and the State Department had weighed limiting bank access to U. S dollars to strike back at Beijing but dropped that idea offered failed gunner enough support. So she's saying that would be hard to implement and As you could wind up hurting United States itself.
China announces retaliatory sanctions against Marco Rubio and Ted Cruz
"Is announcing sanctions against US officials They target US Congressional Executive Commission on China. Which includes Marco Rubio and Ted Cruz. The move was a response to U. S sanctions over changes treatment of religious and ethnic minorities in a Chinese province. The sanctions by the United States were imposed on Friday. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo says the country could not stand idly by as the Communist Chinese party carries out human rights abuses. His words And the
Los Angeles and San Diego Schools to Go Online-Only in The Fall
"Very eventful day in Southern California has experience with this pandemic, and it's affecting Ella USD. It's remarkable I I was listening to the mayor's news conference a little bit earlier, and he made in aside essentially saying that the number of cases in L. A county positive cases in L. A county of covert 19 now outstrip all of Canada and that if L a county were its own country, it would rank 20th in the world in terms of infection, And that is a remarkable statistic When you consider also the second largest school district in the country, Of course, Ella ust resides here in L. A county. And the planners and the officials for the school district have been wrestling with what to do when August 18th arrives that, of course, the first day of the new academic year and the speculation had been that perhaps we would see some sort of a blend of online and in person instruction. So you know, maybe you would have half the class show up on Tuesday. Wednesday Thursday and the other half of the class show up on Monday and Friday. And the other half. That's not there maybe is online and you know, you just kind of makes things up to at least get the kids on campus because what we have found is that a staggering number of students when it's online instruction on Lee just do not engage for a lot of reasons out there that we don't have time to get into. So the assumption was, we would see some sort of blend like that. Then. Last week, the California Teachers Association, the United Teachers Los Angeles, the chapter basically of Sita, here and down in Los Angeles, came out. They said. We don't want any in person classes because of what we've seen over the last 4 to 5 weeks. This massive surge again this resumption of cases in L. A county and they made their case for online only instruction and AH, l ust being the second largest and not to mention also San Diego coming out in a joint statement this morning, saying, We're going to start the year with online on Ly instruction, which is Major development when you talk about the number of other districts that were waiting for a big one, like Ella to make a move like that we're going to start to see a lot of dominoes fall not only in California, but I would presume in other states. They're seeing a tick up in cases like Arizona in Texas and Florida, Georgia and all these other places, right for all the reasons you mentioned. And the first that you did mention, which is that we're the second largest school district in America. I think this is exactly right. There were the litmus test and it might be the strategy that a lot of other municipalities through the country imposed, But obviously the problems extend into well OK, so now these kids were home, so they have to have some supervision at home. And you have parents who or other, you know, kind of health care rather a childcare situations that are going to have to evolve TTO handle. These kids were now at home. I mean, there seemed to be complexities here. I'm not suggesting that these policy makers have to address all of them in the moment. I understand that there is trying to handle the classroom problem, but the other problems seem substantial. Yeah, That's the I mean, you hit on the right The complexity off the cova. 19 pandemic is one that a singular entity like Elio Stas. Biggest, it is cannot deal with on its own, because the tentacles off Cove it stretching to every little facet of our lives. Right now, That's what we're discovering Mohr and Mohr. So you know you can't restart the economy until you get kids back in classes, But you can't get kids back in classes until you have the testing in the tracing to understand where this disease is cropping up. And being able to cut off that tentacle so that ah, classroom is safe. Not for a teacher. So that a Boston safe enough for the students and for the driver so that the lunch line is safe enough for the lunch lady, You know, it's not just about the kids. It's about everyone. Those kids come in contact with and for just a singular high school. You're talking about hundreds of thousands of context that permeate from that school. And if you want to do testing if you want to do tracing in every single school, Austin Beauty brought this up the superintendent. Avella USD this morning, he said. If you want to do it in every single school across the country, you're talking about $15 billion in order to set up that program. But the federal government has been absent of leadership in this issue. And because of that, it's made it even more difficult for local school districts to come to a solution come to a decision, which is part of the reason why here we are 56 weeks out from the start of the school year and just now really coming to grips with the fact that the kids are not going to be headed back to school, and Mom and Dad may not be able to go back to work, and that We'll have further repercussions in the economy. As we move forward, Christian Carlo is with us. I want to continue this conversation. But I want to ask you if there was any indication as to what the classroom would look like. I mean, with the virtual classroom would look like I mean how they've shut this shop. Clearly they given it, some thought. So there's so much more to the story if we're going to go to an online experience as soon as August 18th It's going to affect so many kids in so many families. As we said, I mean, the numbers are overwhelming. I mean, there are on top of the Million's just what is the actual number of kids enrolled in L. A is doing Had it here. It's ah, It's a huge, huge number. But there it is. It's 1/2 a 1,000,000 K through 12 students, about 75,000 employees. On DH. So you're dealing with this, these people and as as Christians, saying they interlock in so many different ways, and all those ways exposed these people to some risks, So
Have Man United Improved Under Solskjaer?
"Craig and frank with US Craig. What happens to you and I said? Well first and foremost. Why it can play in the chat league, because the Court of Arbitration for sport overwhelmed ruling. Now you go! We went into the intricacies and say. Think well I don't think anybody's really interested in the factors that can play. So, annual. Mean Franken segments. I'm no bottle. Convenient if you like no right I. I thought. Were good for the point. You know we know. Got The call. But he started so sloppily and I was. I was really impressed. Foster fifteen twenty minutes walk. Ralph has say that with what he's working with with the budget with the place called the way the press. They really pasta, and they were good for the lead. Listen to to Sucker Punch of two or three minutes reunited with some quality. We saw Paul Pogba Leon needing a kick up these box me sleeping possession a couple of times I've got caught for one of the goals. I thought I thought they kept plugging up to know a strong that the star. The strong finish all be inactive down. To ten men with the head injury to two young Williams wasn't ideal, but it couldn't defend the call now. And so therefore, we were not deserving island thing of taking all three points at home this. Is Craig mentioned once. You've got those two goals united. Franco well that's done and dusted united going to go on and win this game. Yeah True I. Think it was the end of the story and. Was quite unfortunately for Saas on, because seeing the the hard work, they made no and the they went through to maybe try to get at least. Withdraw off time. They were two, two, two, two, one at halftime and I think when mentioned decided to finally play the should that they were better than the saints for the second half same problem. Still Sloppy and at the end of the day you know. You always have the risks to to see the. Getting goal, and then seeing you getting outside the stadium withdraw and these up very unfortunately, because we didn't got injured the play ten against eleven the last. Let's say seven eight minutes and kick, but you have to be strong. You have to your more experience. You WanNA reach the chimpanzee next season. You shouldn't consider goal on the corner. Kick if you want to if you want. Everybody thinks that's going to deserve to be in the chimpanzee. That's really two points relaxed stupidly from from Manchester United at the of the game. Done seems to be a law. People recently have gone tidal wave of all souls Lavin. And whilst they have. IMPROVED THERE'S NO DOUBT ABOUT The Bar was extremely low. There's an argument to be, said the F. as hotter manager, they might have already knew Detroit for and be in possession of trying to chase teams down. Let let me just give you some facts off. The back of the the lockdown. Enough talked this. They've only had one team. That's not in the bottom half of the league, and that Sheffield United today interest and start from. Leslie the Skykomish who's on the feed calms tonight with Jim Bergman. He said we must remember. Prior to this game. Points return and Premier League history on Chop without the fifty four points behind Liverpool. Last year, they finished two points behind the league champions. Manchester City some point out to me Ho this is a superb progression under only gonNa Solska, and as I said, some of the footballs been better, but we must, we must remember the V. could have been in the top four nil dawn with that scored hide behind the manager in charge, not setting fair four points behind Liverpool and scrambling around to get results against teams in the bottom half. The League that that's that's not opinion. That's fact you've got Kim credit for what he's done over the last few months early, Craig. But in a league season is over a few months that don't don't think the twitter crowed. A league season he's been in there. Before Christmas the year before you had the January transfer window at the summer transfer window. His second year in the job. We're talking about a full season. They are fifty four points of the league leaders. That's more than they. We're off Manchester City when the championship last season and I repeat the second points return and their premier league history to this before the game tonight. Tell me why it's a reason to be separate cited above Manchester. United I would be concerned that with him at the helm right with the hail golsby be able to negate the amount of points next seasonal decision after that. That does worry I would have United Fund not coming up here. All this is the greatest thing ever look at the results forgetting looking league table. Look at five bucks look at previous seasons. This is the worst they've been. In the last Chris Seasons in terms of the gap, even before source was the job marina wasn't that far behind on goal wasn't as far behind. That's factual.
Gun Violence Spikes in NYC, Intensifying Debate Over Policing
"A New York. City has experienced a surge in violent crime in recent weeks, including a two hundred percent increase in shootings between June, fifteenth and July second of this year, a compared the same time in two thousand and nineteen over the July fourth holiday weekend, sixty four people were shot. Eleven died when we're gunshot wounds and the last four weeks New York. City has seen an increase in shootings. Compared to last year, there was one especially. especially heartbreaking shooting on video of a father gunned down in broad daylight while walking hand in hand the six year old daughter, the Bronx, but it isn't just gun violence troubling the big apple in the past two weeks, there was a grisly knife attack in the subway and a stabbing in Brooklyn, following the George Floyd protest against police brutality. You were police department disbanded. It's plain clothes unit, which has been involved in a disproportionate number of fatal officer involved shootings last week at NYPD captured a video, mocking the new overly cautious policing tactics being implemented in New York City a following the nationwide protests against police brutality in. In early June New York City Mayor Bill Blogs, you announced. He's moving resources from the NYPD to youth and social services as part of our city's budget. Mayor de Blasio proposes cutting nearly one billion dollars, and then PD are presentative. Alexandria Cossio Cortez scoffed at the proposal calling it a disingenuous illusion thing. defunding police means defunding police on Thursday during virtual townhall because you cortes talked about the uptick crime in new. York City, pointing out constant new NYPD hasn't happened yet, and there's still an increase in crime, a proposed theories for the crimewave and asked do we think has to do with the fact that there's record unemployment. Unemployment, in the United States right now as she continue the fact that people are at a level of economic desperation, we have not seen since the great recession and the Democratic Socialists hypothesize the increase in York City. Violence could stem from Renton demands and people shoplifting bread. Maybe this has to do with the fact that people aren't paying their rent and are scared to pay the rent. She said, and so they go out, and they need to feed their child, and they don't have money, so you maybe have to. They're putting the position. They feel like they either need to shoplift some bread or go hungry that nights. Okay so let's break this down Carrie. Did she offer any information? Suggesting the shoplifting of bread is on the rise. No no, she did not. Offer any information or proof that people are being evicted McCain pay their rent now. Okay so I've got Dr Carson on today. He the Hudsucker secretary as you know, and he's the one who talks about foreclosures and Ranson evictions and stuff like that, and of course as you know because you're a smart news person of fifty, some odd years old. You know that there had been abatements for people paying rent or getting addicted or getting foreclosed on right. They literally can't be evicted, or it'd be foreclosed on under the rules. Put Out by Hud Housing Urban Development. Run by Secretary Ben. Carson, so we don't have any proof because it isn't happening. People are being shot and killed in the streets of New York. It's. It's not over buying bread or not for stealing bread, but there's no proof of anybody shoplifting more bread in new. York, so that's unverified and probably untrue, and there's certainly no proof of people being evicted or being foreclosed on because there are rules in place protecting people right now, but I guess the broader question along with why the beep is this person in Congress? Has To be wife. She saying it. Because it's also ally that there has been no defunding or disbanding a police in new. York 'cause you just said if the the crime unit has been disbanded. The Crime Unit that actually was on top of the most violent crimes, and stopping is no longer there, therefore the violent criminals who are not stealing bread. Are Out there, killing each other and killing innocent people, so your thoughts on this. Would you hear this this dolt this? Dope. AFC saying such stupid things what goes through your mind
Coronavirus: America's Life Change
"Need to go to the Daily Star. There's very good article There was written on the Daily Star's website okay. And I was reading this morning. And basically the headline says you ready for two years of the corona virus. because that's basically what's in store for us here in America? Americans life America's life change. I think is the title of the story. So. There are people predicting. You're going to have about two years. Of this corona virus and. Are you ready to change your lifestyle? And that's basically what the article is about. We've already changed styles. You you. You USA is the hardest hit. According to the corona virus in the stats in the world. Now. I have a theory on that personally. I don't know if I'm right. I don't know if I'm wrong. 'cause I don't know anything anymore. But. The reason that the United States they say is the hardest hit with the corona virus. Is probably because we're the most honest. Not that we're honest. But we're the most honest. If you think by any stretch of the imagination. That we have more cases of the coronavirus than any other country. I think you have a screw loose. But that's what the stats say. So the United States has been the hardest hit, but I think the United States is the most honest when it comes revealing. cases of the corona virus and testing. And also. I think the United States some of. The numbers they say are phony I. Don't know if they're phony or not. Not a words. If you test positive for the Corona Virus you have to quarantine and this and that, and then you have to test negative, and then you test two or three more times each time you test, you're considered a case. Sold, there's. People that have tested three or four times. It's the same person, not one case they come. There's four cases because they tested four-times positive for the virus. Bruno's if that's true. Who knows if it's not? They also say there's this thing of dying with the Corona virus dying from the corona virus. Who knows if that's true? We don't here's the problem. Even if you think you know you don't know. You don't know anymore. There is so much misinformation, not only in this country, but in the world. Is Crazy I mean. How many people does China half one point four billion? BILLION BILLION A. Billion and we have more cases of the coronavirus than China does by far. Yes. Okay You want to believe that right now. But there's people that will, but anyway if you go to the Daily Star getting way behind your, you need to read this article. And I'll talk about when we come back. We gotta take a break here, but. If this lasts for two years, the life change of. Is going to be unbelievable. It's going to be unbelievable.
Southwestern U.S. swelters in heat wave
"Of the country. It's very hot today, Meteorologist Josh Y. Says. Death Valley, California was 128 on Sunday have been in the grip of a very significant heat wave. Mostly across southwestern of south central part of the United States, and over the last several days, a lot of high temperature records daily records have been set Some spots in the south registered temperatures approaching 110 degrees. The Heat's forecast to move north and he's spreading 100 degree plus temperatures across the Ohio Valley and into the mid Atlantic
3 missions to Mars launch in late July, from NASA, China, and UAE
"The United Arab Emirates will launch its robotic mission from Japan on Wednesday. A Celeste feel weather station of sorts. China's mission is scheduled for launch July 23rd and the U. S launches its new Mars Rover perseverance July 30th from Cape Canaveral. Timing of all three is not a coincidence. The planets are aligned perfectly for minimal travel time and to save fuel. All three spacecraft should get to Mars in
Atlanta Black Radio Stations Come Together for Black Radio United For The Vote
"T L for the first time ever news and tall 13 80 Praise 1025 and kiss 104.1 are teaming up. We are black radio, you nine it for the vote. The goal of black radio United for the vote is to register black voters across metro Atlanta and to get them to the polls on Election Day. As well as encouraging them to participate in the 2020 senses. Black radio, You're 90 for the vote is partnering with the Urban League of Greater Atlanta and it's a fil against to make these goals a reality. So each month through September, begetting on July 23rd Participating radio stations will dedicate a full day of on air programming toe educate to inform and inspire Atlanta's black community toe registered to vote. Check your current registration status and participate in the 2020 senses. For more information. Make sure you go to W A. Okay? Dot com Head salt Black radio. We are united for the vote.
Affirmation to Manage Stress
"This is episode one thousand, thirty, two of the daily Meditation Podcast I'm Mary Medically and here you are getting ready to give yourself a little more peace, energy and clarity. How are you doing today? Just stop for a moment and think about how you're doing. and. Consider the challenge you have this week. which is to stress less to notice each day some area of your life where you'd like to reduce stress and think of one way you could. Decrease stress for yourself. When you're undergoing a lot of stress especially. Chronic or acute types of stress. You often can feel as though this is just your pace. You don't even realize that you're under so much stress. So this week for you to begin to slow down and just. Become aware of how you're doing and to become aware of your stress level. And to become aware of what's causing your stress. So, this is what I hope. You will find yourself doing each day this week. Now I WANNA share with you that I am over on instagram quite a bit these days actually every day where I share a little more insight, he could be a video to start your day or one to injure day. And also, there's a guide for you there. That has all the weeks meditation techniques including the breathing technique the mood draw the affirmation. All the techniques I share with. You are right there on instagram. So you also know that the full guided thirty minute meditations are on the SIP and meditation. APP You can try that APP for two weeks. Free access to over two thousand guided meditations including weekly Journal, so you would get a stress less journal for this week and also your own downloadable printable guide for yourself. This is for you if you want to go a little more deeply into meditation. For you here now you may be settled down getting ready to meditate or going about your day doing the meditation techniques I share with you during the busiest part of your day. It's all good. And I want also share with you a little insight about some research. That I found in regard to stress, you can imagine the amount of research there is. For such a subject. Well, you may be interested to know that the top stress is the death of a loved one. Divorce! Losing a job. Losing, your health. And moving those are the top. Universal types of stressors. Well in the United States where I live and in many westernized countries. But especially in the US research shows that the top stressor. Is Money. Worrying about having enough money so. You might think about money in relation to the stress. You are experiencing. You might have a great job and security, and so you're feeling pretty secure with money, but maybe you don't really follow a budget to well, or you feel like someone in your family squanders money, or maybe you feel like you squander money. You just don't have a good hold or good grasp on your budget. You might be out of work and with the uncertainty with. The economy and many other aspects of the world these days you could be having a lot of fear and anxiety in regard to money I know that is definitely a top stressor today. So I have for you a meditation technique. It's Monday I always start every Monday with an affirmation. And your affirmation is now is my time, and affirmation is a positive statement focused on an intention. So. Your intention is to reduce your stress two stress less this week.
Is It a Good Time to Start a Marketing Agency
"Welcome to another episode of Marketing School I'm Eric Su and I'm Neil Patel and today we're gonNA. Talk about if it's a good time to start a marketing agency so right now just to give context for everyone we're in the middle of covert, and we are in the middle of riots and protests right now the united. States at least so you have a lot going on, so neil I'll go to you I. Do you think it's a good time? Why or why not? So whether? It's a bad economy? Good economy, a recession, or there's things that you. You can't control. It's life i. do believe overtime things do go back to normal. You know specifically I'm talking about things I it. Where eventually go away so I believe anytime is a good time to start a business. As long as you think you can provide value critic product, critic, good service, you know even though there's a lot of people who aren't spending money. There always is other people who are spending money. Can you get to make an you generate sales to neal's point? There's people that are doing really well right now. There's people that have been. been absolutely crushed. The people that are doing well right now are spending while I'll give you an example. You know if you're running a of streaming business right now. You're probably doing better right now. If you're doing online education, you're probably doing better right now. Depending on what you sell, if you're P, you're probably doing better right now. So all that to say is at a time where the biggest agencies in the World Command, the largest budgets, big contracts, and all that a lot of people that are working with these large agencies they don't necessarily want to. To! Pay those dollars anymore. They want an opportunity to work with smaller shops. And this is your opportunity to to prove yourself, and if you're willing to craft a really good offer and get your foot in the door where you're not necessarily going to charge a lot of money up front, but you're GonNa get all these. You know smaller deals with larger companies. When you know, they can pay a lot later. You establish that relationship you take advantage of the Times right now, 'cause. They're also looking to shop for a deal. So you know, here's your chance. and. You Know Eric I know you deal with a lot of agencies in your agency accelerated permanent. Lot of them are starting up right now in trying to grow. What are you seeing? Are People doing well right now or they struggling right now and mentioned that there's always people spending money, but what of the results people are getting right now? Okay, so that's what I was amazed all these people. People that are willing to pay for the agency accelerator program right now looking. They're looking to grow because our businesses are thriving, so we had this one individual. He's based in the UK and they focused on smaller businesses side five clients last week. They just make a couple of tweaks. Another growing faster and then there's people that are looking to to that are looking to make a change in. In their business, because one person was focused on hospitality, and that's been totally decimated, but he's changing his business model right now and all of a sudden he's. He's getting more clients so I would say the people that were working with right now is it's maybe not the best apples is because these are people that are doing well. That are investing in this. So that's the caveat I say but. But they are looking to be aggressive, and they are looking to grow, and they do see a lot of people reaching out to them for different various services that that they have I. Think again. Going back to the point is during a downturn right now. I think it's a perfect time to start a business. It's a perfect time to learn and make mistakes where it's not going to be. A big issue. If you make these mistakes, put it that way so. Now for the people because they're probably are people that you've seen. I don't know as many agencies as you, but you've probably seen. People also drop in revenue due to Kobe I know we have and we lost clients lost a lot of stuff that wouldn't have happened if covid wasn't around, you know even though people are losing revenue right now. How are you seeing agency? Survive right now in. What are you seeing them due to grow right now this environment. Yeah, so they're changing up their offering, so for example anybody that has an events type of agency. They've switched over the virtual, and it's not the same original revenue that they had before because live events. You make a lot more because they cost a lot more, but at least they can recover some revenue and name of the game with businesses to survive. They need to survive and need to be able to hold through this and you know they'll be good to go other people I can tell you some are. Are pivoting into product services like a lower tier. Maybe it's not the original pricing been finding a lot of people are actually taking them up on it, so I think this really applies for business across the board I. Think if you are adaptable and you can make changes quickly. You don't just sit there I think you're going to be fine at the end of the day, but if you complain about it and you blame people I near. You're out there. Doing stupid things than you're GONNA be in trouble. And then, if you yourself were to credit agency right now, and you didn't have your brand your traffic. What would you do to get going and generate your first client if not your first three clients? Yeah. I mean I've done this before us. I'll go right back to that in a second, but I do want to say to everyone. There's a tool out there called startup runway dot io, so depending on what size your at right now if you have a couple employs a couple contractors I. I do think it's really important freedom map out a three scenarios, so if you are able to remain flat suit money revenue drops, or if you dropped twenty five percent, and if you draw fifty percent, it's GonNa. Show you how many months of runway you have left, and that runway is basically going to guide you and that's going to help. Spur you tack Shen or spirit you into action so to your question Neil. If I were starting out today and turn it back over to you. I know Brad. Nobody knows why I'm back in the day. When I first started, I was worthy attention was so I knew a lot of people were hanging on on asking Seo. Questions I think to saturated now, but now the question have to ask yourself is where all these people hanging out now. If I know my target market is hanging out on link, okay, can I make link did reach out to these people Lincoln. If they're hanging out on, you know in other areas like facebook groups. That I'M GONNA go over there, so I'm going to. To Go to where the attention is, I am going to be posting content at the same time. What happens is even right now with Lincoln. When people engage with me, I look at all the titles that engaged with me, and sometimes my team has access Wellington dill. Look at the titles as well and they'll be okay. This guy looks I might want to work with. I'm going to add him and I'm going to engage with him, and then that way you end up building relationship, and that's a really good way to build your client list so. Go any final words will turn over to you. What would you do I? Would go pick a niche I would then go and go to crunch base with for all the funded companies within the niche had a breakdown everything that they're doing wrong and tell them how they can fix it and breakdown step-by-step in hopes that some of them hire me because they could just in theory, they're venture funded. They needed to get results faster. So why wouldn't they pay me?
The Skeptics Guide For Wearing Masks
"Roll come to this country. The Universe today is Wednesday July eighth twenty twenty, and this is your host. Steven Novella joining me this week or Bob Novella, everybody, Cara, Santa, Maria, howdy, and Jane, Novella Hey guys I've been. Bernstein is out this week. Is Neck deep in other people's taxes. Guys Do. You know what he's. He had like a weird like mid tax break which he's never had before. Pick about it right? Yeah I, think everybody did. Last night. So like screw this finishing this crap I hate it and also I think the thing. Is Nobody really knew what was going to happen, but a lot of people got hit super hard, which is why the tax deadline was pushed back so they're like I can't afford to pay my taxes right now, but maybe come July all be in better place financially. Unfortunately, a lot of people are even worse place financially now. There's just kind of kicking. The can down the road speaking of that Steve What are the latest numbers are not good. You know especially in the United States so worldwide. We've surpassed twelve million cases with over five hundred and fifty thousand deaths. In the U, s where over three million cases and Around, one hundred thirty thousand deaths, at least that number's always because probably more. And you know it's just in the US just exactly what we warned about. We're seeing the second hump in the first wave and the greatest number of new cases per day is happening right now. This is a greater surge than we had back in March and April, and this is what we talked about. What happens when we start to open up what happens if then cases start to surge again, what will be? Do you know people have lockdown fatigue? The economy's already taken a big hit from the first lockdown. Some states opened up too quickly. They didn't do it properly with enough testing and contact tracing. And now we're seeing this really bad second wave and the sad thing is. They're having to do it kind of haphazardly like they're the states where they said. Okay we want to reopen, so they never really fully lockdown or they did, but they only stayed lockdown for like two weeks, and then they were like okay bars. We got to reopen. We got to get the economy going. And now the cases are just bananas out of Control and so they're doing this like quick quick. Quick your mask back on, and it's kind of like it's haphazard. It's not clean. It doesn't feel as controlled. And I think that's where things really do. Fall through the cracks, and then, of course we have this whole. Political Anti Mask Movement. That does seem to correlate with some of the same states where we're seeing these spikes. We definitely see in California. I mean you know in more conservative districts, but there are sort of marbled in California, so I definitely hear it even in L. A., it's not as common but. Not that Far Away San Bernardino County's very close, and you see the people. Holding angry signs and it's just. Did you guys hear that they did? A study showed that if they mandated mask you have. Made it pretty much requirement? Everyone wearing masks in public that they could save forty five thousand lives over the course of I'm not sure what the course of the period the period of time would be I think like three or four months. Five thousand I mean if that number that was that was fairly solid number. Would what else would you need but like okay, then we're. We're doing this. You have to wear a mask in public period. Almost the Vietnam War right there. Yeah, no more was fifteen thousand so imagine we could save the same number of lives lost over ten years the Vietnam War just by wearing I think it's such a profound number that we're not even equipped intellectually to really understand that that much right like I don't know forty thousand people I can't picture forty five thousand people sitting in a room I don't know what that looks like. I look like a baseball football stadium. Wouldn't that be roughly? Park, speech larger than the student body of my Alma Mater and speaking of masks. Study this week very that people might be interested in, so they just compared different types of masks, and how well they work, and of course the ones that you think should work the best do right so the ninety nine masks supposed to stop ninety nine percent of the virus were the best followed by end ninety five of course block, Ninety five percent of the virus, and their tests show that those numbers roughly accurate. And then followed by surgical masks, so they were the next, so those are the ones that healthcare workers are using, and they do work the best for the homemade ones they said was the best so actually interestingly, using vacuum cleaner filters was the best like homemade option. Just make a little pocket in your mask. You put those filters in there, and you can replace them like if they get moisture used. And that was the best using any kind of a close. We've. tight-knit cotton was good. They said what did not work is wearing. A scarf doesn't really do much to the only a slightly better than no mascot, all or a t shirt like pulling a t shirt up over. Your face doesn't work very much at all either so stick with the. multi-player cotton, and if you put a filter
"united" Discussed on The Political History of the United States
"Hello and welcome to the political history of the United States. Episode two point ten. The Gloucester petition. Throughout the month of June sixteenth, seventy six events in Virginia head moved from a simmering discontent to open rebellion. The purchases and the governor had reluctantly acquiesced to the demands of General Bacon and his men mostly because they were at gun point, and it was either do that or die. By the end of June however conditions outside of Jamestown meant that big, and had to retreat from the capital as soon as bacon was gone Berkeley dissolve the Jude Assembly, back in Jamestown governor, Berkeley and members of the assembly were undoubtedly shaken by the events of the past month Berkeley's power had been tested in every conceivable way, and beyond not playing Charles the first two. Bacon Oliver Cromwell or in other words escaping the month with his head, still attached to his shoulders, Berkeley had seen nothing but a devastating series of losses. The immediate attacks were a somewhat welcome reprieve for those inside of Jamestown as it brought them time to breathe, then reassessed their position. I say somewhat because it is important to note that the attacks that drove bake it out of town, not exactly out on the frontier. The attacks occurred about thirty miles away from Jamestown. New Kent. To give an idea of distance. You can't is located about halfway between Jamestown and Modern Day.
"united" Discussed on The Political History of the United States
"It is not until sixteen fifty eight. That claiborne is kicked off the island for good as an interesting side. Note Virginia. Continue you to officially hold the position that the island was their territory right up until seventeen seventy six after Baltimore seized Kent Island in Sixteen thirty five the call it is there were going to want their do representation in the legislature however due to the location on the island getting to the assembly at Saint. Mary's was difficult about a practical level. This leads the colonists on the island who said a representative to put forth their interests instead of them trying to personally make it to the assembly. This of course really had become the story across the colonies we see representative assembly spread throughout the colonial United States. As we move on in our story. Sorry we are going to continue to see the growth and evolution of the representative form of government. which eventually is going to accumulate in the continental congress? Interestingly interestingly in this case one of the first acts we see past and one that Baltimore intelligently wasn't about the veto wasn't oath of loyalty towards Charles. The first the concern in England is that the Connie's were going to become a haven for radicals which is something that the Maryland contests hoped to avoid. I mentioned this because we are obviously looking for trends here. That are going to explain the road to the revolution however this does as a reminder that in these sixteen forty s independence just isn't and something that was on their radar. As was the case in Virginia Maryland quickly grew into an area dominated by colonists who owned large tracts of wind with an economy centered centered around tobacco likewise it wasn't sixteen o seven anymore and the colonist understood that well profits are wonderful. Rowing food is also something that's probably probably worth doing. Colonist now had decades of knowledge from Jamestown out their disposal and Marylin quickly thrived. Things did become far more tenuous during the early part of the sixteen forties however Leonard Calvert did return to England during sixteen forty two in. What was the early phases of the English? Civil Wars with Baltimore mood was seemingly to Charles unable to get his correspondence across the Atlantic and Leonard. Having trouble back home Maryland was essentially left without any any meaningful leadership with anti-catholic sediments or any high people were quick to take advantage of the situation with Baltimore and his brother Leonard Calvert now all the way across the Atlantic there was a vacuum that suddenly appeared in Maryland's leadership inside of Maryland. It was Richard Ingle a columnist tobacco trader who decided to step into the void. ingle quickly Saint Mary's in the name of the Protestants instance. Also and I'm guessing. This does not come with much shock. William Claiborne seized on this opportunity and quickly retook. Kent Island something that he wasted exactly zero seconds. Doing it would take nearly two years for a Leonard to regain full control over the colony and he would only actually manage energy with help from governor Berkeley Virginia the period of infighting between the Catholics and the Protestants that occurred in the colony over the two year period made Baltimore. I realized that change was needed. The answer came in the form of a document promising religious toleration in the colony the act concerning religion did had several things I m most importantly it was a method whereby Baltimore could prove that he was not an enemy to the now post civil war only Protestant England and sixteen forty nine was not a wonderful time to be at the head of a supposed Catholic haven. That was the kind of thing that would draw unwanted attention towards Baltimore in this bill therefore promise that his colony would offer full religious tolerance to Christians which was meant to pacify parliament that this was not a Catholic colony money at the same time however there was pragmatic reasons for this as well. Maryland never really became the Catholic refuge that Baltimore had intended and it had always been overwhelmingly Protestant this act on. His face was meant to protect the minority group within the colony. What really however made at this age master stroke of genius is that the Catholics were in fact that minority group? It was always the Protestants who had been the majority. What Baltimore two more was able to do? Here was passive act where he was seemingly giving lip service to protecting the rights of the Protestants well in actuality protecting the rights of that minority ignored group of Catholics. The situation in Maryland would grow more muddled during the sixteen fifty s when the English forces came and attempted to seize control of Virginia in Virginia. If you recall from season had remained steadfast in their loyalty to Charles the first and upon his death to house Stewart while the loyalties of Maryland Maryland were more ambiguous than what was going on in Virginia Maryland unfortunately was just in the wrong place at the wrong time combined. With an influx of puritans he inauguration under the newly enacted act considering religion Maryland quickly fell under control. Baltimore was able to maintain authority and portions of the colony. While puritans ends seeking to form a society like New England controlled the rest. Baltimore eventually made his pleas for help to Oliver Cromwell personally Krummel. Obviously Fli was aware that he had to keep the major lords of England. Happy and had little interesting getting on the wrong side of Baltimore. He was tired of war and was not terribly interested in starting and another one at the same time cromwell appeared in himself you. The American periods as often acting excessively a compromise was eventually reached which saw crumble reinstate Baltimore into power while at the same time getting Baltimore to agree to a full pardon for those who had seized the colony as a result the Maryland. Puritans begrudgingly accepted the act concerning religion politically. This is how the situation is going to stay for. The near future Maryland Maryland would remain tolerant of all Christian religions and would manage to avoid becoming a period in haven at the same time however Maryland never does become the Catholic half the colony either. Protestants always outnumbered the Catholics by a relatively large margin. Okay with that. I think we have Maryland on solid footing that we can move forward in our story and not be totally lost when we return there in time with this mistake remedied. We can move forward and spend the next next few episodes introducing the Carolinas. So I will see you all back. You're in two weeks time and we will dive into the Carolinas and get another colony about its feet. I appreciate you all listening and I will see you back here in two.
"united" Discussed on The Political History of the United States
"However the events over the martyrdom of the quakers in Massachusetts was something that went over that line and brought royal attention down onto the colony in a way that they had not previously seen at the same time that the puritans were busy persecuting the quakers in Massachusetts back in England? We are at the very beginning of the restoration era. The restoration is where following the death of Oliver Cromwell. The decision is made the best person to rule. England is the exiled hillside of Charles. The first the aptly named Charles the second in sixteen sixty four in response to these events as well as needing to reestablish average Charles the seconds role in the colony a royal commission was sent a Massachusetts in order to get a handle on what was going on inside of that colony. Now now to be clear there were other concerns that the crown had about the affairs of the colonies especially when it came concerns over customs dues beyond that the crowned and was aware that Massachusetts was essentially marching to the beat of its own drummer and had been ever since that charter allowed the headquarters of Massachusetts to be setup inside of the colony as opposed to back in England. In fact the primary reason for the commission had been that when Charles the second was restored as king he replaced four demands upon the Citizens Charles however was certainly interested in getting some insight into the behavior of the colonists in Massachusetts as to do the colonies and not just Massachusetts but all the colonies Charles. The second was demanding for things. These things include in oath of allegiance is to Charles a promise to prosecute regicide in the colony in agreement that anybody using the book of common prayers received the sacrament or in other words a pledge edge to support any Anglicans inside the colony and Leslie in agreement to extend the vote all Freeman. As to that last condition there was some wiggle room in the wording specifically mentioned that the person must be Orthodox religion plus a requirement that they be a competent to states. This gives the colonists the ability to go in with an interpretation reputation that was probably more than with Charles. The second intended in practice. It meant that there was no serious threat to maintaining the status quo in terms appeared in his Yemeni Minnie. For Connecticut Rhode Island amplify the decision was easy enough and the three colonies accepted the terms in front of them. It is worth noting as well that indicate did use. I use this moment to curry favor with the king and ultimately got their charter not only made official but was also able to have the new haven colony included under the Connecticut Ticket Charter Massachusetts however had other plans. Well the execution of the Boston martyrs did play into the dispatch of the commissioners the bigger concern turn four Charles admittedly was getting the colonies to accept the restoration and get back on board and quickly Charles. The second even goes Jose step further telling those commissioners that they were allowed to bend on these things just get Massachusetts back on board so why the hurry well by this point there is real concern over a war with Holland and the proximity of New England to the Dutch New Netherlands meant that Massachusetts really needed to get with the program program right now needing to get Massachusetts to play ball here Charles. The second tried basically everything he could eat offered to reconfirm their charter to which the colonial government said that was unnecessary as their charter. Already had sufficient authority. The commissioners despite their efforts proved unsuccessful in their endeavors whatever's rather than accepting the commissioners offers a Massachusetts General Court actually petitioned the king to recall the commissioners in the follow sixteen sixty four. You're not long. After their arrival playing their cards correctly. LAKOTA answer back that such restrictions on the religion might make them look to relocating their colony elsewhere and ditching the English altogether. And Hey you know who would make a good ally. That's right the Dutch the same same Dutch you Charles. The second was actively getting worried about going to war with now. Ultimately the PURITANS did make minor changes to their franchise law to be fair the changes to the franchise lot were basically just a sham. The beard is did so in such a way that it just extended the vote two-three additional. Oh people so yes. This is not exactly major enfranchisement of the colony the church still reigns supreme. Unfortunately for Charles the second and more specifically his his commissioners a war with the Dutch was looming and this was about as good as he was going to get. The crown needed some kind of assurance that Massachusetts wasn't going to jump ship to the Dutch and this was as close to that as they were going to get. The colony is going to survive the events of sixteen sixty four with with minimal damage. Done at least on the surface however the long term effects for the Connie were catastrophic and will be the subject for many many of the episodes this season as you can see the persecution of the bow some martyrs was not the only concern for the English even without the persecution. There there is a good chance that the royal commissioners would have been sent over from London anyway however with concerns over the actions of the puritans still high AMANITA. Charles Charles the second to get an agreement in place sending the commissioners over made sense. Not only could they get the necessary agreement with the Massachusetts colony but getting some is on the ground and trying to rein in the excesses of the Communist was desirable as well what begins in sixteen sixty four is going to end up up being a fight that would last for the next twenty five years as the crown would fix their gaze on the increasingly worrisome independence being exercised in Massachusetts well sixteen sixty four itself was relatively uneventful and anticlimactic. It got the snowball rolling that is going to morph into a full avalanche in the coming coming decades as we are going to see throughout the season the next twenty five years are going to be a continual struggle for the king to reign in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. The and successes much of that struggle really gets kicked off here in the shadow of the commissioners and the execution of the quakers in Boston. Aside from uh-huh formal investigations in Royal Commissioners. The immediate effect in Boston is going to simply serve as yet. Another example of the seat of religious intolerance prince inside that community Massachusetts was going to remain a puritan colony for the foreseeable future. The idea of letting in outside groups groups was completely out of the question. At this point quaker ISM is therefore going to remain something that is relatively minor for those first early years. There was tolerance in Rhode Rhode Island but outside of that being quicker was a very dangerous undertaking. It is worth noting. The quakers were not going to be quick to forget the events that took place in Massachusetts during the Sixteen Sixty S. We're going to see later. The season how the quakers respond to the formation of the dominion of New England in light that it would serve to destroy Stroz Puritan powerbase inside of Massachusetts. This is however east story for another day. The quakers are going to see their population remained fairly minimal for the next few decades in North America. It is not going to be until the sixteen eighty s when the population of the quakers is Gwen to rapidly expand throughout the North American colonies. That is going to be directly connected with the founding of Pennsylvania and the coming of William Penn this is to of course going to be a major discussion discussion point however since we are going to be devoting several episodes to this. I'm going to hold off on going. Any further audit for right now. Suffice it to say though William William Penn is going to play a big role in our season so we are going to be coming back and spending a good chunk of time with him. Next time I am going to remedy a mistake that I admittedly made during the first season specifically we are going to turn the clock all the way back to sixteen thirty two and address the founding of the Maryland Colony. So until next time I hope you all have a great two weeks and I will see you back here then to discuss the founding of Maryland.
"united" Discussed on The Political History of the United States
"Hello and welcome to the political history of the United added States episode two point one. The quakers welcome back to the political history. Three of the United States less than we focused our efforts on the colonial origin story. We examined the reasons why the English were seeking to form North American colonies. The first settlers were generally what kind of face they met this season. We are coming into a much different situation. The colonies are more stable. They're growing in life though still far from easy is far less treacherous than let's say Jamestown in sixteen o nine before we go any further. I want to take just a moment to welcome any new listeners listeners. Who are making this their first episode for those of you who fall into this camp? I want to advise you that this would be a good place to pause this episode and go back now. Of course. Yeah I would encourage you to listen to all thirty two episodes of season however if that just isn't what you're looking for at least checkout episodes one point thirty one and one point thirty two which are season in review during those episodes I give an overview of the things we have talked about and discussed the major themes that came up throughout the course source of the first season. It should help. Make sure that you're caught up with all the things that we will be discussing this season. I also want to mention before we move any further that I have made a couple of changes. Take the audio setup. Now the good news is that with sometime. I do think the audio start Saudi la better. The problem however is that I'm learning how to use all of this new equipment on the fly. Well I believe that over the next few episodes you will start to notice incremental improvements. Please be aware that there may be the occasional audio audio gaffe and I am working on it. If the first season of the show was about the con- he's been established and moving towards stability. This season is going to be starkly. Starkly different the period following the restoration of the Stuart Monarchy in the sixteen sixty s up until the glorious revolution is a period of great turmoil in English. North America America we are going to see. Colonial revolts against the corrupt government in Virginia. During bigots rebellion we are going to look at King Philip's war Massachusetts and the long term consequences of that war we will look at the increasing fears attempts to get control of Massachusetts as the colony becomes dangerously. Asleep independent this period of uprisings is going to lead to the question that is going to come up from time to time. What is the role of the North American colonies in the greater English Empire? This question is going to become a core concern for several generations and will ultimately be a question being asked based on the eve of the American revolution beyond the colony's experiencing serious and often violent growing pains the colonies are going to continue to grow and change during during the season. We are going to see new. Connie sprout up specifically in Carolina in Pennsylvania to the North New Netherland is going to get captured by the English this season. AH WE'LL BECOME NEW YORK. All of this is going on under the backdrop of increasing tension in the colonies as well as back home in England. We spent much of last season looking at the different groups that emerged in came to form the American colonies this week to start off the brand new season. We are going to do you. Something radical and look at a group of people who came over to the American colonies and became part of the fabric of colonial America. Okay so we are not not really going to be doing anything much different today than what we did. All of last season the new group that we are going to introduce today which you probably figured out from the episode title. Real are the quakers just as the puritans came to define life New England. The quakers are going to help define the story of the middle colonies and their experience so without further ado. Let's dive into the quakers. The first question that we must answer is what. The heck is a quaker following the end of the English English civil war. There was a set in proliferation of religious groups. Throughout England the sudden appearance of different religious groups was the result of William Laud being removed from power our and the puritans in parliament taking control of England drain the years of Charles. The first personal rule religious persecution in England was high well the puritans bore or the brunt of it largely due to their prominence inside of parliament there were other groups that existed on the fringe of society not wanting to come into the open due to the very a real risk of persecution. They largely remained small and quiet drain the years before the English civil wars following the civil wars however much of the immediate risk of persecution persecution diminished which allow these various groups to emerge from the shadows. This isn't necessarily to say that. They found themselves welcomed with open arms. The puritans now control the government however will they still found themselves generally disliked and not trusted by those empower persecution. At least I was less of a concern. Keep in mind though that we are talking about ingle improper right now and not the American colonies more on that later today day. Among these new religious leaders was a young man from lyster. Shire England named George Fox Board in Sixteen Twenty four bucks grew up up any world dominated by religious persecution political strife and eventually civil war Leicester Shire itself was a heavily puritan part of England during during this era something that undoubtedly affected young Fox. George Fox would have been a child throughout much of the persecution being carried out by laude and would have been a teenager and young adult during the civil wars with this new found freedom box felt free to pursue his own particular brand of protestantism his Originally known as the Religious Society of friends which would become better known as the quakers now there are several versions out there of Y. Hey this group ended up being called the quakers however the most repeated version I kept coming across. Is that the followers of the Religious Society of friends would often uncontrollably ably shake during their religious experiences and that the term quakers is referring to that regardless of the origins of the term the quakers were one of numerous new religious sects spreading throughout England. The quakers were in extreme version of the Protestants and in some key ways held much more in common with the periods or example. Both groups were desperately see name. More pure form of Christianity both wanted to do away with with the perceived decadence of the Catholic Church especially as they saw its influence in the Anglican Church. However before you go thinking that the quakers and the puritans make good bedfellows there is a very key difference that is going to all but ensured that the two groups would remain on very different sides of the fence the periods? If you recall believed that predetermination meant that God had selected those to be saved from birth. Nothing you could do on earth could change that outcome quakers on the any other hand believed that everybody could be saved as people all possess the inner light of God. quakers believed that the pathway to salvation was through an individual's Joel's own goodness and the communal prayer of the greater group. They did not therefore believe in the importance of any kind of formal priesthood Bazzi Churches or even the Bible after all who needs the Bible when they already possess the inner light of God now if the periods had been NCAA more pure version of the church this is like tenfold pass. That quakers viewed any kind of formal religious strictures as being not only a necessary but directly contrary to their own practices quakers with their belief in their own. Goodness being paramount refused to kill people even in self defense as that detracted directly from their goodness going a step further. They also refuse to pay taxes for the communal defense as they wanted nothing to to do with the death of another. Furthermore they wouldn't take an oath on a Bible as it made for the insinuation that when they were not swearing on the Bible that they were lying and just to make things so much easier for their eventual persecutors. They went around wearing all black so they were easy to identify. These beliefs were shocking to just about everybody outside of their congregation and made the quakers ripe targets for persecution. The puritans were always wanting a more simple apple church brief from the decades. They saw the roaming church however abandoning texts like the Bible. How much of the legal system in Massachusetts was based based on Biblical Law? And here's a group that is just going to bypass that altogether this is all very direct affront to everything that they were trying to do in new eland when winthrop wrote about a city on the hill. A deviation like the quakers were certainly not part of the equation now normally. This is where I would dive of into the reasons about why the quakers decided to come to colonial America. But I'm going to hold off on that for now. I want to continue to explore the early relationship between the quakers and the puritans because I think it tells us a whole lot more about the situation in the early years of New England plus the number of quakers is going to remain relatively relatively low initially down the road a bit when we come to William Penn anymore substantial immigration into Pennsylvania. We will discuss the reasons behind the immigration Lee initial settlement of quakers in the colonial United States was in Massachusetts. We are going to focus on this today and discussed the relationship between those early early quakers and the members of the Bay Colony Church. This relationship is going to prove to be a very good glimpse into the religious situation in New England and is ultimately going going to help lay the foundation for many of the struggles that we're going to see happen in New England over the next fifty years if you listened at all last season when you know that Massachusetts is not really known for its religious freedom and expression and that it is a trend. That is not going to improve any time soon soon. You things better illustrate the feelings of the puritans towards the quakers more than a situation occurring with the con- Mary dire very dire was born sometime in the early seventeenth century and married a wealthy man from London. Named William Dyer in sixteen thirty five a couple immigrated to Massachusetts. Mary was is no stranger to controversy and would become a subject of both scored and interest borrowing her giving birth to a stillborn child that has become known as Mary. Divers Monster John winthrop gives us this lovely description of the child which he apparently got from a midwife. It was a woman child. Stillborn warn about two months before the just time having had just a few hours before it came helping till she turned it it was of ordinary bigness. It had a face but no head. The ear stood upon the shoulders. And we're like an eighths. It had no forehead but over the eyes four horns hard and sharp two of them were above the one inch long. The other two shorter the ice dining out and the mouth. Also the nose hooked upward all over the beast and back full of Sharp Prix's scales like a thorn back the naval and all the belly with the distinction of the Sax were where the back should be in the back of the hips before where the belly should have been behind between the.
"united" Discussed on The Political History of the United States
"Hello and welcome to the political past several episodes I have mentioned the tribe and the growing workloads that had begun to dominate New England this week it is time for us to get down into the war and examining conflict we'll come to long defined the relationship between the English New England and the local Indian tribes this war stands out as the first major engagement we see between the native aircraft and the English in New England well there was that incident between the Plymouth colony and the massacre it was a gusset that remains an isolated incident and never developed into a full fledged war like we're going to see breakout in sixteen thirty six the end of the war will also mark a relatively long term peace between the native American and the English which would last for nearly forty years until the outbreak of King Philip's war by and large the relationship between the native Americans and the English Massachusetts was A decent things weren't perfect recall miles standish and the weather gusset incident however what came out of West Agus it was widespread distrust of the pilgrims trade was affected and nobody really wanted anything to do with them what didn't do however was spur on any future reprisals conflicts certainly nothing like the sixteen twenty two massacre in Jamestown had ever occurred following the West gusset incident the local Indians never really seen taking a very aggressive stance towards settlers and for the most part a peaceful issue ship for him during the first decade and a half throughout New England well we can debate why the call in New England had so much better relationships with the Indians than down Jamestown Naronha down to a single thing is going to be impossible however you can point to the fact that in New England there is not a person anywhere near as powerful as say powered or Shinkin up in the years before the programs a devastating series of disease had absolutely ravaged the New England tribes these diseases simply decimated them this would have been a huge deal for the English rush because the New England tribes were nowhere near Prime fighting shape there is no definitive answer of when the nation moved into New England however there is some evidence pointing to the they may have been relative newcomers to the region we know for example that none of the other Indian nations in the region were terribly anxious to come to their aid during the war and in fact in many cases of banded together with the English to fight against the tribe if you recall from last time the river tribes in Connecticut had been anxious enough that they asked the English to come settle along the river likely as a check against growing aggression from the quotes tensions would however begin to rise in sixteen thirty four amongst English the Captain Johnston was murdered by the Watts the tread claimed that this was done in retribution for a Dutch murder of one of their shaman stone was English at Dutch however that might have been something lost upon the quotes this is an interesting position for the request to have taken in many ways as we will see in a moment there might have been some truth to the idea that quads didn't want to face the fury of the English and that this accidental killing story is just that a story this gets us to the yeah that is important here that we are careful not to make mistakes and quit stone and his actions on the same mission where stone was killed he had taken to quash his hostages enforce them to act as navigators it was the night that he took the hostages that a group of quads boarded stones ship free the hostages and then killed stone and some of his men touch it's largely a secondary point stone had taken quite sausage and regardless of the motivation of Quatz be a mission for rescue retribution stone and his men were now dead either way at this point we are now left with a dead colonist an-and upset leadership group back in Massachusetts even in the best of times there was always a layer of nerves when it came to dealing with the Indians ever since the sixteen twenty two massacre in Jamestown colonists remained acutely aware of the dangers of native population since way back in episode eighteen when we were talking about Plymouth during the sixteen twenty s I talked about John Oldham if you recall John Oldham was seen as a rabble rouser and Plymouth eventually he was accused by William Bradford of working with the Minister John Linford to undermine and destroy the Plymouth Government Oldham was literally chased out breath well people attempted to beat him with the butts of their muskets I had promised that in that episode Oldham would make one more appearance in this podcast just to quickly die if you have been sitting around for the past six episodes wondering when I was going to get back to John Oldham and his death well the time is now upon us following being chased from Plymouth Tom had managed to become a respected member in the Bay Connie aunt seems to have done rather well for himself having established himself as a well respected trader the English were already upset that the quotes had failed to turn over two stones murderers and this goes along with additional tensions that had really formed in the past few years as a result of the European expansion the mystic river valley of the southeastern portion of Connecticut with the because failing to turn over captain stones murderers things were quickly spiral rolling out of control a fever pitch was reached in May of Sixteen thirty six a May twentieth trader named John Gap Spotted Oldham's boat which was being swarmed with Indians Oldham had been traveling on a training mission with the Narragansett when his boat was attacked according to the account later from Gallup he autumn's very recently killed body Gallup described a grisly scene not only with Oldham debt but the evidence was that the Indians had attempted to cut off his limbs here is where everybody comes to a crossroads a May Twentieth Sixteen thirty six but day that Oldham was killed were with because it was looking increasingly likely a clue that imminent comes from Lieutenant Lying Gardner Gerner was the first commander of Fort Saybrook for Saybrook is located along the southern coast of Connecticut Gerner early so you're in sixteen thirty six had baked the bay colony to exercise leniency and not go out and do something to provoke war with the Quatz at least until he could finish his vacation as he felt that his location at the furthest point of the Connecticut River would make him a prime target for fighting which ultimately would be correct about the these warnings were issued before the Oldham killing this means that by the time John Oldham was killed were was already looking like a likely outcome the problem however is is that there is very little evidence to show that Oldham had been killed by the Quad tribe even at the time there were a lot of people who felt that the evidence implicating the quotes in the murderer was weak at best decisions therefore had to be made on if they were going to place the blame on the because and use it as justification for what already seemed like an inevitable war the evidence actually suggests that the murder was carried out by the NARRAGANSETT S- informants among the tri point to the Narragansett says being the culprits and it does seem that a year or so after the killing a minor chief was put to death by the Greater Narragansett tribe for being the leader in the killing of Oldham the problem here is that despite the truth being that the quad probably had nothing at all to do with the death of Oldham they English were angry and they wanted revenge the PA- quads were already causing enough problems for the English and right or wrong the English now had their justification for war the question now becomes why did the English come looking for a fight if as many sources suggest the cause of the quart was largely protect jewel. Why did the English want to pick the fight in the first place to answer this the first question is to figure out why Eldon found himself in a position like this during the sixteen thirty s a bitter rivalry emerged between the NARRAGANSETT and the quotes as a major trader oh sides would have covered a working with all them and more importantly wanted to assure that Oldham didn't switch sides and help the enemy if the information we have is correct and it was aerob- Narragansett who killed all them who was at the time trading with them it is possible that the Narragansett it's believed that Oldham had or was planning to switch side to the quads regardless it is important to remember that for the Narragansett their biggest rival was the book what's getting the English to ally with them during the war was boom that could potentially pay huge dividends in the future they could effectively eliminate one of their hated rivals the Narragansett it's were also working with a pretty amount of cover here it was hard for the colonial leadership to believe that the Narragansett would set out on some grand conspiracy to kill one of their most valued trading partners mm-hmm was worth a lot to the Narragansett economically on the surface at least killing him made little sense they would eliminate a close trading partner while at the same time bringing the bank the anger to their doorstep the biggest question therefore is how does all of this ultimately fell upon the shoulders of the quotes well for one thing the English disliked the quads more than disliked the Narragansett for the English eight war would provide them with the opportunity to further cement their place in New England a chance to show the natives the might of year Qian style warfare regardless of who they fought the message wouldn't be lost on anybody the English lacked the manpower for a two front war against both the there weren't enemy that had more value in terms of the villages and wealth that they possessed the quads were any more strategic location for the English as well defeating the so in one corner you have a harder fight with less sizeable wealth available and not sitting in a strategic position that the English cared about nearly as much in the other corner you had a tribe that was universally hated by the other trump's new England they had more wealth to capture and they held important strategic point for the English to check dot expansion now of course it's not going to be as cut and dry as the English settlers just declaring war is that the Massachusetts Bay Colony formed the standing council which was responsible for all military matters under the leadership of John winthrop junior the son of John with rope and ultimatum was given to the quotes the quads had to predictably hand over the killers of captain stone at the same time there was a demand for a greater amount of tribute to be paid the this generally reflected a sixteen thirty four treaty which was put into place after the killing of captain stone except this time there was more tribute involved the quads predictably ignored these demands and one month after the ultimatum of his shoot the opening salvos of Qua- war were fired fighting began on August twenty fifth sixteen thirty six is located off the eastern shore of Long Island roughly sitting a straight line away between the point of Montauk Martha's vineyard the second in command was kept in jail underhill who was kind enough to leave behind a history of his involvement underhill makes clear that these strike on block island was to seek retribution Oldham the first strike involved awesome ninety Englishman who struck the island with vengeance in strict kill all native mills this plays out like a scorched earth campaign the English only she managed to kill around a dozen men but they were able to burn villages and creating general havoc most of the Indians had fled into the woods rather than trying to engage with the English the.
"united" Discussed on The Political History of the United States
"The Mayflower Christopher Jones died, the Mayflower now without a captain spend the next two years sitting in a harbor, slowly rotting away in sixteen twenty four the ship was in. Such bad condition that it was basically worthless. And that is the last thing we ever hear about the Mayflower at this point, the ship at best was worth nothing more than some scrap. The record is unclear of what actually ever happened to the ship. But it seems like a good bet that the trip to France, sixteen twenty one was the final voyage for one of the most famous ships in American history to finish up today. I want to also go ahead and address the first thanksgiving, I would be remiss if I didn't at least mention this as it is something that is so closely tied to the legend, that has grown around the pilgrims. I'm not gonna spend a ton of time on this, because modestly really doesn't matter for our story at all. However, because thinks is such a huge part of the story of the pilgrims. Let's go ahead and spend the final minutes today on it on Thursday, November the twenty second sixteen twenty one the pilgrims and the Indians celebrated their first thanksgiving earlier in the day there was a community football game with the Indians defeated the pilgrims. Twenty one to eighteen on a last minute field goal by some ascent following the game. The entire group said down to a large dinner after some tense moments debating the benefits of white meat over dark me. Things went ahead and settled down. It was a great meal. There were four different kinds of pie and both types of cranberry sauce when John Billington, totally mildly inappropriate story dreamed hitter. Everybody was so joyful that they nervously just left it off and said it was unable jumping, John. So there you go. That is the story of the first things giving. Okay. So obviously, none of that is true. The event that is widely regarded today as the famous thanksgiving took place. Sometime in the fall probably between October and early November. Also, V members of the Mayflower, plus around ninety of Massachusetts, people got together for an end of harvest feast, the event lasted for three days and was basically a long ongoing feast really there, wasn't a ten more to it. There was a success harvest the Indians. It helped and. So a feast was held face giving, as we know it began to appear more and more during the revolutionary era. There have been periodically times of thanksgiving before that. And that actually goes back to England, but in event resembling with those of us in the United States, this thanksgiving began with Washington in seventeen eighty nine and even after seventeen Eighty-nine thanksgiving, wasn't really a yearly celebration, but rather something that was occasionally called sometimes more than once per year. These events were often called to celebrate major events in the young nation's history. And it wasn't until during this of war that, then president Lincoln may thinks giving into the federal holiday that we all know and love today. So there you have it. The very basic story of the first things giving next time we are going to begin looking at the political developments during the first years in Plymouth. We have already covered the Mayflower compact and today, the beginning of diplomacy with the local Indian tribes, next time I want to begin looking at the government. Stretchers that were put in place in those first years and the long term repercussions of those systems. So until then have a good two weeks. And I will see you back here to continue our trip through Plymouth..
"united" Discussed on The Political History of the United States
"Hello, and welcome to the political history of the United States, episode one point seventeen the beginnings of diplomacy. By the end of the first winter implement the pilgrims had seen roughly half of their company die over with winter giving way to spring. Thankfully for the pilgrims in early spring. We begin to see their fortunes, change this week. We're going to look at the end of the winter and the emergence of early diplomacy between the Plymouth, and the local Indian tribes specifically, I want to spend some time lane out, who these groups were the formation of diplomatic relationships between them and the colonists. And finally, compare this to the situation that we had seen previously Jamestown, these differences are going to be a major reason why the New England colony thrives N Jamestown struggles as brutal as that first winter, New England must have seemed the colonists, it actually turns out to have been a relatively mild winter, now I get that you're probably grumbling that I've set it up for some epic winter for the past few weeks. But let me explain for the pilgrims. This was a brutal winter conditions in Plymouth were far harsher than what they had ever. Expected in either England or during their time in Holland. The pilgrim's Plymouth were surviving a New England winter short of plaza with inadequate shelter while there are absolutely going to be worse winters in the future. The pilgrims don't know that yet. And right now they only know what the first one was like. And during the first two months half of their numbers died by the beginning of March sixteen twenty one the winter had begun to subside this abnormally early into the winter provided a much-needed bit of relief for the colonists and likely help keep their death totals from reaching those senior in the first year in Jamestown as the winter gave way to the spring, the main question about the future of the colony turned to the Indian question during a meeting ironically military matters in the middle of February, two Indians were spotted on your by Watson's hill. What is it appears to have been odd standoff between the two groups the pilgrims led by miles, Standish dot their muskets, and then both sides, basically hung out, signaling the other two come over Standish finally? Decided to give in and head across the river himself remediate. However, at this point the news decided that they wanted nothing to do with it. And they were the ones who took off clearly, this must have been concerning for the pilgrims and the decision was made that they should probably speed up the process of getting the guns quickly, mounted upon the hill. The following month drain, another military meeting the situation is going to go ahead and repeat itself. Appearing, first on Watson's hill, a lone Indian was spotted over, there would be no staring this time as the Indians were moving towards the colony. His arrival is detailed in the publication more relation and will have not quoted from worth relation directly yet. I have been using it periodically during these episodes, just a little background on the book. This is another one of our major primary sources that we have from those early days in Plymouth, the other appears to been a collaboration between Edward Winslow who was the primary author and who else other than William Bradford worth relation describes this meeting in the following manner, and Wilkes we busied ourselves here about we were interrupted again for their percent himself a savage, which caused alarm. He very boldly came all alone along the houses straight to the rendezvous where we intercepted him not suffering him to go in as undoubtably. He would out of his boldness. He saluted us in English and betas us, welcome for he learned some broken English among the Englishman that came to fish at Masha gone, and new by name, most of the captains commanders masters that usually came. He was a man free speech, so far is he could express his mind, and of a c- mean carriage. We questioned him of many things he was the first savage. We could meet with all. This particular Indian went by the name of SAMA set some of that was a shaman, or chief of another New England tramp located up in modern day main, some contributed his English skills to interactions with English fishermen, who would frequent his territory most. Interestingly, he informed the pilgrims that another man named gaunt who live nearby and he was very well versed in English himself. Zealous, it was acting as a foreign diplomat here, the first of the local, tribes in the Plymouth area to attempt contact or the wop Noah people who were being led by mass, wait messes, wait understood the dangers, and the advantage of the Englishman. And he was interested in formulating, some kind of an agreement set was the man sent to open to go Sheen's initially the question for mouse's was much the same as the question poison the early years for power, what to do about the English dilemma muscles pad few options. He could attack the English and eliminate them that way much is powered. And had he had. Perio- numbers. And the spite the better weapons possessed by the English, he probably would have been successful in that endeavor, he could completely ignore the English and leave them to their own devices this well have been the most dangerous of the options, unless the English manage to diet on their own. They were going to spread lead Beth this weight without any kind of an ally. The final option is that he could see alliance with the English this as we saw Jamestown came with his own set of very real dangers helping Massa soit make this very important decision with squander squinted was a member of the protects tribe, which lived in and around the Plymouth area. Little is known about his early life. However, it appears that he was captured and taken forcibly back to Spain in sixteen fourteen by the English explorer Thomas hunt. S- Quanta was initially sold into bondage, however, was able to escape his captivity and returned to North American sixteen nineteen well, this was unfortunate for squad, tow. It was a fortunate break for the English. Squander was quick to advocate against war with the pilgrims now. To be clear. It's gonna was not some high minded pacifist, rather, he recognized that the English had weapons weapons that would make any potential attack very, very costly. It is inputting understand that will muscles. Wait, did outnumber the fifty or so English heat was not sitting on top of something like the power and confederacy. Costly losses could mean that his Indian rivals would gain an advantage against him something that he was likely less than interested in causing Scotto also seem to advocate that the English also held a verbiage. Trump card disease Skonto council that the English not only carry disease with them, but they were able to control it and apply it as a weapon at will, and I can't find a source that delves into how Searcy wasn't that belief. But in some ways, it does make sense Scotto nor the English had any clue about concepts, like how Z spreads or immunity from his perspective, probably did look like the English could release diseases upon demand after all, when diseases start spreading it was always the Indians, who. For the most knowing this, it really isn't difficult to see why he would have believe that was deployable as a weapon finally consider that amongst the tribes in the Cape Cod region Europeans were not anything new for them. These were not an alien people. And in fact, Europeans had been coming to the region for a while, at this point. We'll not establishing settlements. They work coming for the purpose of exploiting. The extremely productive fishing industry off the Cape with these things of mine mass decided that the English were probably going to be better allies than they were enemies, despite understanding that squander understood the language and English, General Mattis, wait, really didn't like or trust the guy. So instead of taking the risk in settings Cuanto initially just to let him stab him in the back. He instead just have sat make that first visit and this makes sense Scotto had a much better command of the language if he wanted to stab method in the back end for his own agreement with the English. At least had a chance Samson had limited command of the English language and really just enough for some basic communication. This makes him much less risky. Especially on a first contact. However, after that first contact when it became clear that real diplomacy was going to be required. Scotto was the only serious option for mass oy. He knew the language me new the customs, and he knew that he was going to have to be mass Zoe's guy about a week after that first contact from set a large delegation of India's made their way into the colony. Among the members of this five person group worse, Quanta, and Somerset initial conversations between gone in the pilgrims, were mostly filled with pleasantries, and then a period where both sides, wax poetically about the locations in England that both parties have been to with a common bond established it was time to get down to business after their initial conversations Scotto inform the pilgrims that meth wait wanted to come visit them and that he would appear shortly. Sure enough, as though this was planned message appeared on nearby Watson's hill, message also didn't come alone. He was accompanied by a large number of. Warriors and this was likely to accomplish too. It's the first is obvious. He wants to remind the pilgrims not to get any funny ideas, it actually tried to do something stupid beyond that, though, there was a much deeper, meaning this is clearly issue of force a not so subtle reminder that the pilgrims really didn't have the option of they wanted to make a piece. It was a requirement gun cannon disease aside messes, way wanted to make his advantage clear. He had enough men that even with superior weapons. The English were always going to be at a very clear disadvantage. It was decided that Edward Winslow would be the messenger for the pilgrims. And he would be the first meet mass. Wait personally. The nice thing about this is that was was the co author of more relation and will he didn't write this portion of the journal, we know that he was working with Bradford who did write it down. So what do we know about this meeting in the situation? I can't really do much than just share the words of the people who were there. So we are willing to look at the description of the meeting. Damore Thracian are Messager made a speech into him that kings James saluted him with words of love and peace and did accept him as a friend and ally. And that our governor decided to see him and two truck with him and to confirm a piece with him as his next neighbor. He liked twelve the speech and held it attentively though. The interpreters did not express it, well after he had eaten and drunk himself and giving the rest of his company, he looked upon our messengers, sort an armor, which he had on with intimation of his desire to buy it. But on the other side are messenger showed his unwillingness to part with it. In the end, he left him in the custody of Quanta, Quinta his brother and came over the brook and some twenty min following him leaving all their bows, and arrows behind them. We kept six or seven hostages for our messenger, captain, Standish and master Williamson, met the king at the broke with half a dozen musketeers. They saluted him and he them. So one going over the one on the other side and the other side. On the other conducted him to the house, and then into the building where we place, a green rug and three or four cushions than instantly came our governor with drum, and trumpet after him and a few more musketeers after salutations, our governor kissing, his hand, the king kissed him and see sat down the governor called for some strong water and drunk to him. And he drink a great drought. Then made him sweat all the while after he called for a little fresh meat, which the king did eat willingly and to give his followers. Okay. So there's a lot to impact your so let's just go ahead and move through this, and see what we can get out of it. The first thing that really comes into focus here is the diplomatic posturing, the English take their time making opening statements and try to put on what appears to be a bit of pageantry for the Indians wins opens with a speech about love and peace and expresses his hope not to make war, but rather make a lasting peace..
"united" Discussed on The Political History of the United States
"For a younger public like the United States. There was genuine concern seeing where small r republicanism can lead. So it a time where the French were basically horrifying everybody Wilson was interested in moving the narrative away from the French version of democracy and something more in line with the ideals of John Locke John Quincy Adams would pick up the mantle of Wilson. And we'll continue to retake the narrative of the compact after being asked to speak in Plymouth on founders day Quincy Adams lead with the importance of the compact Quincy Adams was interested in taking the compact and Lena back to the days of Anglo Saxon England as something more peer he described the Norman conquerors as being tyrants in this movie is able to connect the. Compact back to English roots hence moving away from her. So and yet at the same time he manages to avoid Lincoln it to something directly British in nature, obviously, not wanting to give them that propaganda vantage back with compact later, the Mayflower compact is going to become a core piece of the Whigs anti Jacksonian rhetoric. We're going to cover all this in depth Zo don't stress too much right now about this. I'm just trying to gloss over to give you an idea of what's going on. To sum all of this up. This answer is this. The Mayflower compact finds it's important because different factions both domestic at abroad sought to use it as a tool of propaganda. The British wanted to use the compact further own purposes to show that the original pilgrims had actually been highly loyal supporters of the crown the Americans on the other hand wanted to show that the pilgrims were something entirely different. The contact was used to argue for different types of democracy, specifically as a tool to distance the young nation from the French form of democracy that had ended up embroiling Franson revolution. And then later it was used to rally gets Jacksonian ISM in the Mayflower compact became currency in this war of propaganda throughout this process. The Mayflower compact ended up becoming much more than it actually wasn't reality. The reputation remains to this day. The Mayflower compact continues to sit in a position where it is often taught as being an early example of. Constitutionalism. That is going to come to define the United States later on the last several minutes of this podcast of basically been a sneak peek at what will make significant chunk of future seasons. So don't stress too much about following along with the different political views or the different political philosophy. This is all incredibly interesting and truth be told is the driving force. Behind wise started this podcast in the first place. We are going to spend eight ton of time talking about the political views in place right after the formation of the United States. In fact, I suspect that we are going to spend nearly an entire season discussing these topics. So if you have absolutely no clue why the Whigs are anti Jacksonian just hang with me. I promise we're going to get there today was just a situation where I wanted to introduce where the mythology of the Mayflower compact formed, and it required me to jump ahead a little bit in our story. The Mayflower compact continues to stand as one of the key political documents in United States history. In so many ways it is presented as that first shot in what would come to define New England as the revolution approached. However, the reality is that the compact it self was really something that was created to ensure some level of cooperation in the new colony and solve several of the problems that the passengers had vowed upon landing outside the patent. The compact is a testament to the cooperation of the groups that did not see eye to eye. However, the comments are viable trumped everything as an opening salvo of radicalism in New England. The Mayflower compact does fall short the legend of the document is even born into Loyd eighteenth and early nineteenth century when multiple sides attempted to seize on the compact for propaganda reasons, it is through this battle to control the narrative of what the Mayflower compact actually meant that the compact itself is going to become part of the origin story of the future United States. And that is a position that it continues to hold up to this day and will likely. Continue to hold into the future. Next time. We are going to settle down in the new Khania Plymouth and look at what those first early years brought so with that I will see you back here in two weeks time when we usher are pilgrims off of the ship and onto the shores of Plymouth until then I hope you have a fantastic two weeks. And I appreciate all you who've taken the time to tune in. And listen to this podcast. Thank you.
"united" Discussed on The Political History of the United States
"Hello. And welcome to the political history of the United States episode one point fifteen the Mayflower combat. Picking up from where we last left off two weeks ago, we had left our settlers hanging out as they began their journey across the Atlantic. This week we are going to pick up with our pilgrims as they make their way across the Atlantic to their new homes, we are gonna spend much of this week focusing on what is often seen as one of the first political documents formed in the North American colonies, specifically the Mayflower compact, the Mayflower compact is often portrayed as this early example of the democratic ideals that will come to find the struggles of the future United States today. I'm gonna focus on some of those early politics amongst the pilgrims. We are going to spend some time looking at the myth of the Mayflower compact and how it is portrayed today. We are going to look at the document itself. And what it did in reality. Finally, we're going to turn back to the Mayflower compact and tried to dissect where the legend surrounded it actually comes from. So then without further delay. Let's just dive right back into our story. Every single year thousands of American school children. Learn about the Mayflower typically around thanksgiving time, we'll Jamestown did proceed Plymouth buy some thirty years. It is the Mayflower that is often presented as being that inaugural trip to the new world for journey that is so central to the majority of the United States. We know shockingly little about it. In fact, most everything that we know about the journey itself comes from William Bradford's writing. And even then Bradford himself is surprisingly quiet on the journey. Ran into the conditions onboard. Bradford does make a brief mention of the combined group now aboard the Mayflower before discussing the general health aboard the ship. There is a mention this. He cygnus was a constant problem and Bradford as always takes the time to tell a charming tale of these special work of God's providence. I'm just gonna go ahead and quote Bradford directly here because frankly, he tells the story better than I ever could. And just a note, you might notice that over the next couple episodes. There is going to be a sharp. Crease in me reading quotes. This isn't really something. I plan to do long term. But when it comes to Plymouth, we are lucky enough to have two excellent primary sources we have Bradford's of Plymouth plantation, which is what I'm about to quote from. And we also have Bradford and Edward winslow's writing in more relations. So as I said don't be shocked when you start hearing an increasing number of quotes for me. I don't think this is going to be long term kind of deal. But let's use what we've got. Okay. Returning to William Bradford talking about conditions on the Mayflower. He says it was a proud and very profane. Young man, one of the seamen a lessee able body which made him all the more haunting e would always become acting on the poor people in their cygnus, cursing them daily with grievous exhortations and did not let to tell them that he hoped to help cast half of them overboard before they came to their journeys in and to make Mary with what they have. And if they were jelly reproved, he would curse and swear most. Bitterly. But it please God before they came half seas over to this young man with a grievous disease of which he died in a desperate manner. And so was himself. The first was thrown overboard, thus his curses light on his own head. And it was an astonishment to all his fellows for they noted. It it had to be the just hand of God upon him. So yeah, that's pretty uplifting story, I bring it up for a couple of reasons I it does give some insight into the state of things aboard the Mayflower. It clues us in that. There was some amount of disease on board. And that death was an actual risk. It's also a good insight into the group itself and gives a working idea of the inner thoughts of Bradford all in all gives us at least some picture of life and the tensions aboard the Mayflower beyond. Just some joyous. Talk of the ships leading jerk getting sick dine in being thrown overboard. Braford? Would also write about what you would probably expect. There's a lot of talk about the dangerous crosswinds seasick. Kness and the general misery that existed onboard Bradford routinely writes about how the settlers survived and kept going forward in the name of God. It is interesting to note that for the most part there isn't much talk about widespread, death and disease. So well, we know that at least one guy did succumb to illness. And it is probably not out of the question that the conditions on board were unless insanitary there does not really seem to be a widespread dying be on. However, there really isn't a ten that we know about the journey itself. Bradford spends only two pages reading about the Mayflower. However through him. We do get an idea of those conditions on November sixteen twenty the Mayflower encountered Cape Cod. Cape Cod was not in a no place upon its discovery. John Smith had founded and named Cape James, however, by the time pilgrim, Scott there the Cape Cod. Name was pretty much accepted. Fishermen had named the area for the large number of cod in the valuable fishing waters. Right off the coast, the journey full had taken sixty. Five days and had landed the pilgrims just in time to face a potential New England winter the first problem that the pilgrims had upon arriving is that they were in the wrong place. Now originally they had planned to set up camp closer to the mouth of the Hudson. Hosver they were a ways north of that. In fact, the settlers were moving towards the Hudson because they didn't actually hold a pattern to settle land in Cape Cod. The ship's captain Christopher Jones recognizing. This fact did attempt to make his way south to the mouth of the Hudson where they were supposed to be however would conditions of the passengers now declining dangerous and uncharted shores and uncooperative wind Jones made the call to return and settle Cape Cod to say that these settlers were upset about
"united" Discussed on The Political History of the United States
"Hello. And welcome to the political history of the United States episode one point thirteen medical changes. This is our seventh episode dealing with Jamestown. And I don't know about you guys. But I am ready to move on to different frontiers. The good news is that after this week. That is just what we are going to do however before we can leave Jamestown for good. We need to go back and look at the developments in the colony politically as the colony begins to rapidly grow. The political situation begins to change we see the first forms of government. Come to the colony dri. This period, we are going to discuss the reasons for this. And what it meant for Virginia's a whole following the massacre of sixteen twenty two future. The Virginia company would quickly be drawn into question and by sixteen twenty four the company would meet its ultimate int-. We are going to discuss the change from the Virginia company to the crown Connie with that means for the future of the colony and the future of English colonization. By the end of today, we will be in a position to leave Jamestown behind no longer the struggling colony that we have seen through much of these episodes. But rather a self sufficient Connie that would provide the early base of power in the English North American colonies. We have discussed previously that following the starving time. We see a period of near Marshall oughta go ver in Virginia. We talked about this. If you weeks back when we saw that these new laws have been put into place over with time. A somewhat more relaxed attitudes spread throughout the colony following the end of the first Anglo powder war things Virginia had become relatively peaceful and prosperous for the English with the college being on more stable footing, it proved to be much easier to back down from the previously. Strict rules when Samuel Argyle arrived in the colony take his turn as governor in sixteen seventeen he found that the colony head once again become neglected our goal tried to retain control and issued a new set of stricter laws now over the colonists. Quickly showed their dislike for this following a period of drought after his arrival colonists begin launching accusations at Argyll for embezzling from the stores. Not wanting to let things get out of control yet. Again, the English sent Lord Delaware back free second time, Lord, Delaware, despite all of his efforts really never found that North America agreed with him that much this. I'm however instead of remaining sickly his time in the colony Lord, Delaware, which is go ahead and die on the journey over despite these problems, However, James him was continuing to thrive during this time when captain Yardley return for his second stint, his clone you'll governor and he had been the one who had been replaced by our goal in the first place. The Connie was getting ready to enter into a period of massive growth by this point. The view of the clinic had changed Jason was no longer seen as a place that was simply there to split the local resources of Jamestown become an outpost of England located in the foreign land no longer satisfied with economic gain alone. Virginia was a foothold on the new world a springboard for the English into further endeavors and colonization. One of the problems of the Connie, however, is that his become apparent by the middle part of the sixteen teens that despite relative stability within the colony the population had begun to stagnate is sixteen sixteen there were only three hundred twenty four people living in the colony which is actually slightly down from the years before in sixteen eleven part of the problem is that while the colony had become much more stable. That's the -bility came at the expense of harsh rule from Thomas gates. This means that the stability of the colony was coming at the expense of these harsh living conditions. We have talked about the new laws in the colony and that the colony was essentially under martial law, and it's probably not too shocking that this isn't something that anybody was super excited about the colony was also at this time facing a labour crisis the injured servants who had come over back in sixteen o seven. We're now the end of their period denture. Well, not everybody. I as we move past sixteen fourteen more and more people will begin to earn their freedom. This. This poses a serious issue for the Virginia company, therefore as they are going to face crisis and making sure that people remained within the colony and in just head back to England. A secondary problem existed in the system that the English put in place in sixteen twelve to try to drive more people into the colony in the first place. If you recall in sixteen twelve by making minimum investment in the colony you could have one hundred acres of land. The problem though, is that the Virginia company didn't really have the land offer to fix this problem. The Virginia company turned Edwin send us send us had been one of the initial investors in the Virginia company, and though he would never personally come to Virginia. He always strapped to support the colony from the ground back in London. Well, go any was certainly more stable the task fell to set is to take the Connie to its next face to do this send us hope to make the population of Jamestown more self sustaining send us believe that by increasing the number of people in the colony that it would also move the Connie closer to financial security. Well, stability existed profitability was still. A serious issue for the Virginia company tobacco had become their cash crop. But maintaining the colony was still not really a profitable endeavor. Now, send us knew that the Virginia company did not have the financial ability to entice people to come to colony. Instead, what he did was offer those willing to travel to Virginia special administrative and judicial rights, send us was also actively trying to change the balance in the colony today, the colony has been overwhelmingly male under the leadership of sadness, you start to see more women make their way to the colony. Likewise, Santa's also increased the number of artisans coming over to the colony the hope was that by diversifying the colony's population. You're going to be able to draw even more settlers there. The most influential change during this time. However was the introduction of the Virginia head right system knowing that the shareholders in the company needed some kind of benefit as cash dividends weren't really in the cars at the moment sends introduced the concept of the head right in Virginia. The head rate system instead of being a dividend in cash would provide colonists with a dividend of one hundred acres of land for those who had come to the colony since sixteen sixteen at their own expense. A grant would be given a fifty acres plus an additional fifty acres for each person. They pay to come across the Atlantic as an effort to increase the holdings of the Virginia company. The decision was made that the Len given out would be unplugged separated by approximately ten miles now recall from last week. This is going to be a really big deal. When we start talking about the massacre of sixteen twenty two if you'll recall the distance between the plus is going to make the attack by shakin. Oh that much. More devastating with the growing number of land claims. The decision was also made advant the call into four boroughs.
"united" Discussed on The Political History of the United States
"Hello. And welcome to the political history of the United States episode one point twelve the collapse of the power didn't confederacy. We've always begin this week. I want to take a quick moment to correct the mistake that I had made last week f you very end of the last episode. I had made a comment in literally the last sentence of the episode that we were going to address the powered and Indians fighting the Virginia Indians this week. That is not what we're going to talk about. We're going to talk about the powder and tribes facing off against the Virginia settlers, not the Indian. So that was a mistake on my part. And I am very sorry for that. We have spent nearly three months in Virginia and between this episode and our next episode. We are going to get ourselves into a place where we can leave our Virginia settlers to their own devices for a while. After this week. We are going to move our story north to New England and begin our examination into the Puritans. But before we can do that we need to look at the changes in the colony as they close out the teens and move through the sixteen twenty's less weekly. So importance of tobacco at help secure the future of the colony. We talked about changes to the law them, the colony and much more th-wa tearing direction, but did help cure some of the critical problems from the early years of Jamestown. Like, we saw the importance of the peace between the English and the power to people following sixteen thirteen well, the colony enjoyed its first period of relative stability during this time. The stability is not something that's going to last forever. The Ghani is no longer in danger of failing. However that does not mean this struggles don't still exist. This is going to be exemplified by the powered in sixteen eighteen as we will discuss while powered and had pursued repulsive containment his brother opus shinkin, oh is going to take a much more aggressive stance towards the English settlers. This is going to lead us to an event that would forever change the relationship between the English and the Indians specifically the massacre of sixteen twenty two as you will see throughout today. This is going to be an event that is going to have a profound impact all McCollum moving forward as well. As for the future of the Virginia company following the massacre, the dynamics between the powder and people and the English will never return to what they want had been the powder and trips were clearly in a place of decline, whereas English were settling growing at an extraordinary rate. All of this is going to automatically lead us to the collapse of the once powerful pouting confederacy today that is the story I plan to tell and this episode is going to wrap up the portion of our story dealing with the powered and people following the end of the first Anglo powder war sixteen thirteen relations between the English and the Indians had begun to improve. It is through this piece of the English grabble to begin expanding outward and focus on growing crops such as tobacco beyond the usefulness of p. However, powered and had always taken a pragmatic view of the English poet recognized the importance of good relations with the English as they could operate as a check against his enemies, and we have discussed this as some depth already. If you recall, this is a relationship that helps explain why powder was willing to assist the English with food in the first place. However by this time, you may have noticed that powdered has been part of our story for a really long time. We started talking about him back when we discussed Roanoke from the moment of the first settlers Leonard in sixteen seven powered and have been a defining factor for the colony. It is not a coincidence that drained terrible winter of sixty nine sixteen ten Paladin had chosen not to provide the colony with food despite this over powder had never really been bent on the destruction of the English. He appears to understood the power of the English and had wanted to gain them as an ally for his own use. Pouted had yes sought to contain. However, he never thought to destroy. But as I mentioned above pounded is no longer a young, man. And in April of sixty eighteen powder was in his early seventies. After decades in power. It is time for pound into leave our story drain April of sixteen eighteen powder and dies following the powered in the confederacy came under the leadership of his brother over shank it out over shinkin was not pout in which is something that is going to become appeared in the years to cop or as pellet and had been pursuing a policy of containment over shinkin show, a staunchly against English expansion and still had hopes of driving them out of Jing entirely. If you'll recall from few weeks ago, we had discussed the possibility that ocean can was actually gone the ways the same on the ways they gave out in the advice that he should kill all the English the same down the wheezy would take place in that slaughter of the Jesse wits years before. Now, you have no idea what I'm talking about. Please go check out. Episode one point six for some more information on this. But the quick explanation is that there is some thought that Don the weekend.
"united" Discussed on The Political History of the United States
"Hello. And welcome to the political history of the United States episode. One point ten the starving time. Less time. We left off discussing those first several years of the Jamestown colony the first several years were conflated inside a majority of the new settlers die due to the harsh conditions and at the same time the relationship between the settlers and local powered and Indians was tented best and downright hostile at worst. By the new sixty-nine? The Connie was approaching what will become the single worst time in the history of the Jimmy Connie up to that date today. This period has become known as the starving time, and is going to signify the low Mark for the colony John Smith by the same had left the colony and relations with powered into becomes so bad that is John Ratcliffe skinned alive in December of sixty nine combined with the ongoing issues of survey shin disease is going to see the population of the colony plummet the stirring time very nearly marks. The end of the Jamestown colony the colonists. At one point abandoned, the colony and make their way to ships having had enough trying to survive in Virginia. Of course today, we know that they don't end up actually leaving in fact, following the speed the colony will very slowly at times, turn the corner and begin moving towards something that resembles viable settlement for today. We are going to spend our time looking at the starving time. Specifically, I wanna look at three primary aspects. I we're. Going to look at the traditional telling of the story of that winter of sixty-nine sixteen ten what were the causes? How bad did it get and how did it? Resolve second. We are going to discuss the realities of the starving time. I plan on looking at the question of how accurate is that traditional telling? And what problems may exist with it? Finally, we're going to look at the end result. The starving time is going to have a major effect on the colony in a number of ways, and we are going to examine how these changes moving. Forward are going to completely change the direction of the Regina company and the colony as a whole. I want to start this week by looking at the winter of sixty-nine sixteen ten we're going to Japan by looking at that traditional telling before doubling back looking at some of the causes in many ways is difficult to get a great idea of what occurred during that winter the sources during the timer thin, and there is something to be said about a sense of cessation. Listen that's going to creep into the eventual telling of the event on the ground. The best source is going to be the colonies acting President George Percy Percy would write about the surveys in the terrible conditions at Jamestown during that winter. I'm going to read a quote from perceives book a true relation of the proceedings and occurrences of moment, which have happened emerging from the time, sir. Thomas gates was shipwrecked Bermuda anno sixteen o nine until my departure out of the country, which was anno domini sixteen twelve and yeah, that's an awesome book title sound super exciting, quote is as follows now all of us are Jamestown began feeling that sharp prick of hunger, which no. Man, truly describe, but which he have tasted the bitterness. They're up a world of miseries and suit as the sequel will express to you in so much that some to satisfy their hunger. Have rubbed the store for which I have caused them to be executed then having fed upon the horses and other beasts long as they lasted we were glad to make shift with vermin as dogs, cats, and rats, and mice always fish that came to net to satisfy the cruel hunger. As the boot shoes or any other leather some could come by. And those being spent in devoured somewhere force to search the woods feed upon serpents and snakes and to dig the earth for wild and unknown routes where many of our men were cut off and slain by the savages and now famine beginning to ghastly impale in every face that was nothing to be spared to maintain life and to do those things which seem incredible as to dig up dead corpses out of graves into eat them and. Some have looked up the blood which have fallen from their week fellows and amongst the rest. This was the most lamentable that one of our colony murdered his wife rip the child out of her womb and threw it into the river. And after that chop the other pieces salted her for his food. The same not being discovered before he had eaten her thereof for the cruel. Inhumane fact, I judged him to be executed the knowledge of the debate enforce from him by torture having hung by his thumbs with the weight at his feet a quarter of an hour before he would confess the same. George Percy was the best source on the ground at the time. Other information we get from the events come from John Smith's writings and sixteen twenty four. And in a moment, I'm going to share this account with you. But I wanna give a pair of warnings on it. I I Jon Smith left a few months earlier in the fall of sixty nine. So he was back in England in the winter of sixty nine sixteen ten rolled. Round. Likewise. He is writing this account is sixteen twenty four a full fourteen years after the events actually took place. Now, we're gonna talk more in a few minutes about the problems with the sources, including Smith. But it's something that I wanna be front about Smith wrote in the general history of Regina New England in the summer isles that neigh so great was our famine that a savage we Slough Mberi the poor sort took him up again and ate him. And so did divers one another boiled stewed with roots and herbs and amongst the rest to kill his wife powdered her and eat him part of her before it was known for which he was executed as he will deserved now. Whether she was better roasted boiled or carbonaro, I do not know, but of such a dishes, powdered wife, I have never heard of this was that time which still to this day. We call the starving time. It were to vile to say and scarce to be believed what we endured. But the Cajun was our own for want of providence industry and government and not the Baroness and defect of the country. As is generally supposed for till then in three years for the numbers were landed us, we have never from England provision efficient for six months, though, it seemed by the Bill of lading sufficient sent us such a glut is the seat and said goodfellas the Mariners we as little tasted of great proportions cintas as they of our want miseries yet notwithstanding the ever over swayed and ruled the business though, we endured all that is said and chiefly lived on what this good country naturally. Afforded yet. Had we been even paradise itself with these governors. It would not have been much better with us yet. There was amongst us. Who had they been the government as kept Smith appointed? But that they could not maintain. It would surely have. Kept us from those extremes of misery this intend as more would have supplanted us all with death before we go any further. If you're wondering what does just myth mean when he asked was carbonaro that translates roughly into what she barbecued. So yes, that would in fact be just a little bit of cannibalism humor from our good friend John's Smith between the accounts of Smith emptied is possible to get a sense of devastation that the winter of sixty nine sixteen
"united" Discussed on The Political History of the United States
"The. Hello. And welcome to the political history of the United States has one point eight relations the powered hin confederacy. Drain are episode last week we discussed the fact that upon landing on the Chesapeake the English that alerts come into one of the most densely inhabited areas along the eastern coast this week. I wanna turn our attention to who these people are, and what effect her they wouldn't have on the early years of the North American English colonies. I would like to focus primarily on three questions as a move through this week. The first question is to answer who the powered people were what their lifestyle was like, and what they were hoping to achieve in their interactions with English Patton was an opportunist. And will he certainly had reservations regarding the European settlers? He was also interested in how he could turn his situation into his advantage. The second question this week is what were the expectations of the English whereas poet and was seeking away to turn the English people into his advantage. The English come with a much different outlook, even before they left England. There was an expectation that the Lowell Indian people were going to be required to help them survive, especially during those first early years, this is a lesson that they hid learn from their Roanoke colony the advantage that the English sought to extract their for survival. Both from starvation as well from the danger posed by more hostile tribes. The final thing that we are going to look at is the ultimate relationship that emerges between the powder and people and the English. What emerges is going to be a decades long rivalry and warfare? That is going to lead to significant losses for both sides. Ultimately, even without this podcast. I'm sure everybody listening knows how the story's going to end in sixteen seven the pouting confederacy may have numbered as many as twenty six thousand members by sixteen sixty nine there are just two thousand people left in the remnants of what had once been this great confederacy during that same period, the English. See their numbers increase from the hundred and four original settlers to nearly forty one thousand people despite their initial struggles the English are not just going to survive. They are going to thrive. The powered and people are never going to recover. To begin this episode. We're going to start by looking at the powder and people specifically the pouting confederacy was a group of approximately thirty two tribes who came together under the rule of paramount chief named and I am so completely sorry for probably butchering this walk who Sinica whom the English are going to call Paladin and from this point forward. I will as well Paladin ruled his empire from village along the York river specific numbers on how many members of the powered and tribes vary. However, the numbers I found all generally fall between fourteen thousand and twenty six thousand with twenty four thousand being the most common population size that I come across the pellet and people should a common Elgon Queen language, the drives tended to live in small villages of typically about three hundred people each and these villages are going to be scattered throughout the entire Virginia area and generally consist of twenty to thirty buildings the villages were almost always temporary as Trump's maintained a largely nomadic lifestyle. After several years of farming the same plot the nutrients in the soil will become exhausted at which point the tribe would up and move to a new location. For the Pellett and tribes life consisted of the following during the spring men was been their time hunting and fishing by the time summer had rolled around efforts switched to farming with the main crops being beans inmates with the fall rolling around. They would then again turn back towards hunting deer being the primary protein source. The women of the tribe would spin the fall searching out other edible items such as roots nuts and berries during the winter the primary objective of the tribes was simply to survive during the winter into the early spring. The Trump's woods of cysts off the previous year's harvest, unlike in European society, the idea of social status exempting from work is not something that was present amongst about people, regardless of who you were what your position the try was you worked the division of labor. Instead, they'll strictly long gender lines. The downside of this for the local tribes is that they did experience. Periods of. Food shortages in unexpectedly long winter. For instance, that pushback the beginning of the spring hunting and harvest season could be particularly devastating food supplies were already going to be running low due to their nomadic lifestyle. It would have been abnormal for them to have much in the way of excess that they could rely on should a year. Not produce the desired yield. It is this that is going to make the groups particularly susceptible to famine train among the tribes was limited though, not unusual. A secondary consequence of living in a Matic lifestyle is that the accumulation of property would make little sense having to move around often personal property and goods with serve as nothing more than a hindrance. It's going to slow them down. Therefore, unlike in European societies where trade was largely based on electric goods. This is not the case amongst the tribes. It said what's more common is low scale trading of small portable items instead of larger luxury goods in further contrast with European society where? Flexible structures existed that division of labor. Amongst the native American people with far more simple men hunted. Fished and cleared the labs for the crops. The women cultivated those cops gather nuts and berries and looked after the home. And the village the division of labor strictly along gender lines means that unlike in Europe there was little in the way of specialization or craftsmanship. It would be incorrect to attempt of you the powder and confederacy in the same way that we've you a nation today for pouted his goal was to find a mini away to unite the villages under his control the most Conaway to accomplish. This task was either to replace defeated chief of another tribe with a blood relative of his own or if that was an option, they would adopt the defeated chief and make him part
"united" Discussed on The Political History of the United States
"Welcome to the political history of the United States at one point seven Jamestown beginnings. Good news guys after spending the first several weeks messing around in the always intrigued world of sixteenth century Europe. It is finally time to get to the real story as much fun as we've had bouncing around through the political economic and religious changes Europe. We are finally ready to begin looking at the first group of English settlers to cross the Atlantic and settle in Jamestown before we get into that. However, I wanna give a rundown of what the foreseeable future the podcast is going to look like the popular story of the United States is that of a ragtag bunch of colonies that join together to fight the mighty British army. However, that is something that doesn't really exist right away. The first colony should be seen as more of a collection of independent knows acting separately from each other. In order to approach this. I plan to work through the colonies one by one looking at the unique factors each specific group making their way to America. I think dressing the major colonies one at a time is going to be the most effective way for me to move through the rest of the season. The general plan is to move through each colony and get it up to read around sixteen fifty before moving onto the next after moving through the colonies, I will have a few episodes to tie everything together and address a few other subjects that I wanna hit that is going to basically take us to the end of the first season. Now with all that said we are going to begin this week with the first of several episodes looking at that first colony founded in sixteen seven Jamestown would become the first permanent English colony in the Americas. For thirteen years Jamestown stood alone as the only English settlement in America before the Puritans. Join them with their settlement in Plymouth. The founding of Jamestown is a story of failure. Misery death starvation or an ultimately after facing cataclysm after cataclysm a moderate amount of success. The story of Jamestown is one that will see the con- you become the largest tobacco export or in Europe. But only after surviving disease and war with the Indians and starving that became so severe that. The people were forced to turn to cannibalism. These are just a few of the things that we are going to explore over the next several episodes and today, we are going to begin the lane the groundwork for all of that. Everybody in the United States is taught that the pilgrims. Spoiler alert, by the way travel across the Atlantic to the Americas to avoid religious persecution in many ways, this is held up as a banner establishing the freedoms that would become synonymous with the future. United states. The decision to go to James is fueled by the single most common denominator in all of colonization the hope of funding riches. To begin this week. I want to look at the reasons why people suddenly found themselves boarding ships in heading across the Atlantic. What were their motivations? What were they looking for by looking at what motivated the first settlers to good Virginia is going to tell us a lot about the colony and its future. And this is going to be something we keep coming back to future episodes as we move through the history of James ten in Virginia as a whole today when people look back on the history of the United States. There seems to be a tendency to focus more on the pilgrims, the founders of Plymouth, then there are the founders of Jamestown. In fact, there seems to be among many, a general belief that the pilgrims came across on the Mayflower were the first to settle the future United States, and yet Lino that not to be true for Gina had been settled more than a decade before and affect by sixteen twenty was well on its way towards stability. The question therefore becomes why is Jamestown often forgotten when we look at the establishment of the English colonies in North America. That is one of the questions we are going to be looking at over the next several weeks as we explore Jamestown. What makes the Jamestown settlers different than the New England settlers? To begin this week. I wanna start to look at the conditions under which Jamestown was founded. And who the settlers were last week we discussed English attempts to colonize North America at the Roanoke Connie, well that colony mysteriously disappeared. Also, marked the end of English colonization efforts up until sixteen o seven or the failure of the Roanoke. Colony may have had some minimal effect on the future colonization of North America. The real issue was going to be ongoing English Spanish war the war between England Spain had been a pretty good job of depleting English treasury. However would James the first now empower he quickly brought an into the war with the Spanish through the treaty of London. This means that the funds needed to launch a colonization effort were at last available following the end of the war. There was also a new reality for the English came two privateer. If you recall from episode one point three privateer in was tantamount to state sponsored piracy this become a big deal in the sixteenth century as Spanish. Out to such a huge lead in establishing thriving and more importantly profitable colonies in the Americas. Less time we talked about the devastating effect that privateer in had on the Spanish the easier solution for European powers that were not the Spanish Portuguese listed, turn towards private teary. Instead of forming your own colonies you'd instead attacked the Spanish ships still their goods and sell them as your own backing Europe, the English had just finished up a war with Spain and knew the continued use of private jeering was likely to lead to another war. So specifically in the treaty of lended, what of the requirements from Spain wasn't agreement that England would back off of their privateer practices, at least to get the Spanish be effective. Inappropriate against the Spanish merchants did not reduce however English interest in the potential profit and the items to be found in the Americas. The logical solution therefore was for the. English to auntie colonization effort of their own. As mentioned above with the war over there was a sensor plus a funds in England. This is not to mention that with the war over. There was now the manpower necessary for colonization efforts to be made the end of the were also means that the English had the ability to branch out keep in mind that one of the consequences of the first Benesch armada was that it prevented the English efforts to resupply. Their colony in Roanoke with the war over. However, this concern has been completely mitigated. Economically desire to colonize. The Americas will grow quickly in the years following the end of the war. Shortly. After the end of the war, you begin to see the first joint stock companies for the specific purpose of colonizing, the Americas for these companies are going to spring up with the stated intent of going to the Americas fighting the abundant natural resources and sending them back to England hopefully for profit. Colonisation was inexpensive undertaking to say, the least, and this is going to help lead to the rise of these joint stock companies, it joint-stock company is simply a type of corporation were several investors come together pool their money in order to fund expedition, this has obvious advantages over a single or otherwise small group of investors. It was really expensive to start a colony, and it's always gonna be a long term game. While obviously everybody hope that the new Connie would be founded by the city of gold and conquer the natives all within a couple of weeks. The investors know that this is not a realistic expectation. And beyond that, it was not a huge secret that establishing colonies was a task that came with considerable risk the English investors at a minimum would have been aware of earlier colonization efforts at Roanoke, and what happened there investors would have likely. Understood the profit was going to be slow in coming and knew they should not expect a quick return with this mind. The emergence of the joint stock company makes sense. A joint-stock company is made up of a large group of investors, which means that the risk is going to be more spread out the advantage for the colony is that by having more investors. There is going to be far greater source of resources available which in turn gives the Connie a better chance serving. For the individual investor. There was some real risk involved colonies had been lost previously. And there was no promise of these colonies would survive. However, the hope was that this could be a long term investment. And that if the Connie disavow live, there would be a significant amount of profit on the other side in sixteen six King James issued a Royal charter for the formation of two joint stock companies. These companies were the north Virginia company of London and these south Virginia company of London. The companies were giving a man to make habitation into that part of America, commonly called Virginia.
"united" Discussed on ESPN FC
"All the papers in England, but will never camps in the United again, buying ball that you'll never count in United. Again, these were only the early editions of the papers so much made of that defeat. Of course, in the Caravelle. Voice. Obviously, we talked about said. What happens now? Well, some of the papers off the saying they still Marino just wants to go. That's it. He just wants wants out because what with them? So Craig, a tweet would needs to do something. What does he need to do science. The monitored against the plea or file the manager, right. And if you do one thing or another cutlet goal, let s continued to rumble. And he did though tonight because he alluded to the fact that you know you're not won all these trophies as Marino. It sounded like he was taking Marino signed this before all this chemo result, which is co. But the ball have to the ball off to make some sort of a statement to their manager. Lacombe. Yeah, I think Joe's. What'd you think's going to happen here? And he's gonna happen soon. I think. Yeah, I think what he's right. It's Marie-Noelle third season syndrome, though. Everybody's tired, everybody's tied him everybody side of of blaming the players. The players are tired. I think people are the clever tired of him as well. And I just, I just can't think he can finish from renewal United. That's why I think someone it would cost them money, but they have the money available. If we much better for much of the United marina was gone. The thing is for me and yes would what doesn't just say something on something with some kind of thority, but he he's never really established other. He doesn't come across as kind of pushing. So even if he does say something, even if he does make a statement in the some by give any money to spend. That's a statement. My my my thing is if you have somebody that in that kind of position on this is going on in gestion, you need a strongly taking on the trouble is he does not have the thirty. Anybody takes him seriously at all. This feud is dragging the club down, dragging the rest of the plays down as well. I mean, you know, you see the performance against Dhabi candy home. I suggested that losing the Calabro and he's not the end of the world. But what end of the world is a bunch of players who I think are on the side of Pablo. Go state Nikko Craig, Shirley, Shackleton slow Juliana wrong. Thank you very much. Just.
"united" Discussed on ESPN FC
"Welcome insulate sedition of ESPN AFC on down Thomas, my Craig Burley, Stevie nickel and shaggy his Juliana wrong. We'll be with us shortly to give all the latest on the fallout between poor Ponca and Josie marina. But we do as we start the show with Mance United action. They would say on county in the Caravelle Cup, United fairness, strong sidelocks of Lukaku sawing up, and they would take the lead early on through my mind's. However, Dhabi county would get themselves back into the game, United reduced the ten men. They were to Darby going into the ninety. Fifth minute for Laney, though saved that they will materially United with the equalizer forcing penalties. Both teams scored opening seven penalties. In the end, it was down to Phil Jones is central defender though, had his penalty, save. So Manchester United outs of the Caravelle Cup Dhabi county advancing. This continues trend doesn't take a look at his record of late in the League Cup. They seem to either get knocked out by lower league opposition all go on to win the whole thing. Of course, this very much takes the books of them advancing out of the competition. Thanks defeat from team. You would expect them to beat Craig. How about you? A big deal is this I do think is a big deal bearing remained the poisonous around Old Trafford at the moment that the continue continuous public squabbling as publics all very public, something that manages and clubs don't really like or plans, but demand for everybody. And then of course, the news before the game only a couple before the that Marino was quite happy was never going to cut in the side of the gin so not sense. It's a big deal because the last thing marina needed was championships aide. A young. Championship save her by the way and you should starts. You didn't show the starts, some of the show. Dominate the stops throughout the game. Darby dominated for long periods, protecting the second half deplete whale for long periods. Young site, the created chances played football against a team of national players, not the first team, but a team of international footballers. She's shocking. This is just think the whole thing, United poisonous, big deal. Save, not as big as as Craig, no big deal in the league cups kind of point. It doesn't help as hell rate. Now the you'll lose to become whole, really. But let's look at a picture. What difference is going to make them go to me as the on the periphery will not a game, an extra in the League Cup because the road shoulder, MAs, if they beat down because the five, nil, we wouldn't be saying all the words and every figured huge Dale. Asian doesn't help the situation. The actual result for Manchester United club, their stature complained in the Champions League going onto the carbo Cup should not be a big deal, but given the toxically Iran Manchester United, right? No, given what I think there need to put together a decent run. You get a good run. You get a good result against young boys. You come back home, you followed up with the polish. Now you looking for something to build on all the headlines about Josie marina on Paul by what has been said, and what hasn't just put together a decent performance in a decent result. And you get a championship team at home to do that when you need a good performance and result, and this is what you get, and as much as you go down to ten men, Craig check the stats. When Romero went off Dhabi would dominate the possession at that point ready as well at all. Trafford ho. When have we sat here and said that about anybody, let alone a championship team coming to Trafford dominating possession. I'm being. The better of the two teams. Now Lawson failures in charge side. Which is fine. It's signed with trying when you win in the league and you're competing in Champions League when you struggling on you looking to put together a decent run, you need these just you want you take a win any. How would comes on. Fortunately, aside from from young boys, I'm not sure Liverpool Setia love oppo, love appeal a plane tomorrow mindset. You love one of these teams at the moment lost, we would political, and while this Carol can concentrate unless stuff, that's the last thing that he needed was more negatives around in the negativity..
"united" Discussed on ESPN FC
"You might just united how do you play this does he doesn't have any contract i don't think he put too early those uh you know f online tissue native uh i think i definitely we'd see ho this season plays out will the end up and consider the money spent they should be they should be no no worse than second real that's where they should be uh i don't think is particularly put manchester united in a good light uh from all this shit on again's off the field so you know if if they can't get it done on the field unless you shoot a desperate to divert and give them give him a new contract jeff yet but i think the puk bassanha i'm chas lukaku shine and it is a incensed is sensitive marine one would back in you but too we need some continuity here we'll just been through a couple of monitors off the bucking ferguson you see vis gray shall we are hoping thanking that you're going to push through and we're going to be back at the top of the tree again i mean not can be the only thing is continuity see the right man for that thank you you look at you with manchester united shirt my mind jesse united an attack although attack and say the week city plea no we liverpool play matches united annoy and it will cost to the inter were close to the so you know i'm not a shooter manchester united i keep this guy iran i want to get back to open attack in flawed entertain and football.