35 Burst results for "Two Degrees Celsius"

Hot Air: Emissions Reduction

The Economist: The Intelligence

01:57 min | 4 months ago

Hot Air: Emissions Reduction

"The world. Is it a climate crisis addressing it will require coordinated action by governments around the world to avoid the worst effects of climate change. It's necessary to limit global warming to well below two degrees celsius and ideally one and a half degree celsius relative to preindustrial temperatures in two thousand fifteen hundred and ninety seven countries signed the paris climate agreement and agreed to do just that central to that plan is for the world to reach net zero emissions by the middle of the century. It's a pledge that many world leaders have now signed up to. Let's make it our collective commitment to get to net zero by two thousand fifty hundred renewable energy by twenty fifty asia oca- they'll do think on our journey to net zero twenty five zero emissions by no later in twenty-fifty today the international energy agency the world's energy watchdog published report. It gave its verdict on what it would take to meet that twenty fifty target so the ira have laid out one of the first ever road maps to how wealth might get to net zero emissions by twenty fifty. She's looking at the kind of policies that would have to underpin countries climate change pledges ritual. Jobs writes about climate change for the economist is a very very ambitious path. They say that is achieved. Wu is narrow but it is theoretically possible but it would have to take absolutely everything from all countries in the world starting right now and what does it mean to throw everything at the problem. So the is advocating for a massive shift towards renewable energy by comparison twenty twenty record year for renewable energy being added to the mix two hundred and eighty extra gigawatts. You would have to do four times that amount every year between now and twenty thirty events chance of getting towards net zero emissions by twenty fifty dot is roughly the equivalent of installing the world's largest park every day

International Energy Agency Th Paris Asia IRA WU Jobs
Despite Tensions, U.S. And China Agree to Work Together on Climate Change

The Splendid Table

00:54 sec | 5 months ago

Despite Tensions, U.S. And China Agree to Work Together on Climate Change

"Had pledged to cooperate with each other to tackle climate change. They released a joint statement today after a last minute meeting between the climate on voice of both countries and Shanghai. Over the last three days. NPR's Emily Fang reports on the pledge amid tensions the US China relationship, the U. S envoy, John Kerry, met his Chinese counterpart, CIA journal PLA. They agreed the two countries were quote firmly committed to working with each other to keep global temperatures from rising another two degrees Celsius, as outlined in the Paris agreement to which both countries Air Party China and the U. S also said they would release more detailed strategies for achieving carbon neutrality. The U. S wants to cut carbon emissions to half of 2005 levels by 2030. China wants to be completely carbon neutral by 2060. President. Bidet is hosting an online climate summit for 40 World leaders next week. It is unclear of Chinese leader Xi Jingping will join

Emily Fang U. Air Party China NPR John Kerry Shanghai PLA CIA Paris United States Xi Jingping
Tesla cars can be bought in Bitcoin

Techmeme Ride Home

01:22 min | 6 months ago

Tesla cars can be bought in Bitcoin

"Hey you can now buy a tesla with coin. Only in the us for now but coming to everyone later this year pudding cnbc in order to accept the payment. Musk said tesla is using internal and open source software. He added that tesla quote operates. Bitcoin not directly and quote nodes are computers on bitcoin's network that work to verify transactions and avoid the cryptocurrency from being spent twice tesla's image as an environmentally friendly car company sits at odds with the bitcoin networks colossal carbon footprint researchers at the university of cambridge found that it uses more electricity on an annual basis than the whole of argentina. A twenty eighteen paper published in nature arguably the most prestigious academic journal in the world found that bitcoin emissions alone could push global warming above two degrees celsius and quote. So there's that also. I guess my only question is given the to me. M- religions de monster ones of tesla investing and join investing. Who is the bigger winner in terms of bull case scenario from this news actually though i have another question. Wouldn't you feel silly. Spending bitcoin to buy a car only to see bitcoin potentially three or five or ten x in a few years. Time like who would do this.

Tesla Bitcoin Musk Cnbc University Of Cambridge Argentina United States
Rejoining the Paris Agreement of 2015

Scuba Shack Radio

06:06 min | 8 months ago

Rejoining the Paris Agreement of 2015

"Last month december. Two thousand twenty. The paris agreement celebrated its fifth anniversary. Unfortunately the united states of america really wasn't part of the celebration given our withdraw effective in november of two thousand and twenty two thousand and fifteen seem so long ago and the world in the united states has changed so much since then from what has been reported we are poised to rejoin the paris agreement with the transition to president biden's administration wonder just how easy it is to rejoin. I hope it's as easy to rejoin as it was to withdraw. So what exactly is the paris agreement and why is it so important. I'm a little embarrassed to say that. I really didn't know that much about it. Which meant i needed to understand. Is treaty a lot more first off. Yes it is a treaty a legally binding international treaty that was executed in paris on december twelfth. Two thousand and fifteen now. It was executed by the parties of the united nations framework convention on climate. Change or you an fcc now the un fcc was established in one thousand nine hundred ninety two and it was originally based in geneva switzerland since nine hundred ninety five is located in bonn germany. It has a staff of four hundred and fifty people from over one hundred countries. The executive secretary of the un fcc is patricia. Espinosa of mexico. And she is held this position since two thousand and sixteen if you go to the un fcc website you can click on the paris agreement tab at the top from there you can view a short two minute video about the agreement. You can also access the actual agreement. Which is what i did. It's not a huge document. It's only twenty five pages long and consists of twenty nine articles. Article two sets the goal specifically article two paragraph one ace states the agreement in enhancing the implementation of the convention including ex objectives aims to strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change in the context of sustainable development and efforts to eradicate poverty including by holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below two degrees celsius above pre industrial levels and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to one point five degrees centigrade above pre industrial levels article. You also states that we need to do this. In a way that does not threaten food. Production and making finance flow supporting low greenhouse emission gas and climate resistant development. The cornerstone article says that this agreement will be implemented to reflect equity and the principles of common but differentiated responsibilities based on national circumstances. Now that's pretty powerful to me. That means wealthy. Powerful nations should be the leaders. The treaty works on five year cycles. And we just completed the first cycle now in this first cycle the country's established what is called their nationally determined contributions or nbc's and that's what each nation is committing to do to reduce global warming. You can actually go. To the registry of nbc's it states that one hundred ninety countries have submitted their first nbc including the united states. Although that first one was submitted. September second two thousand and sixteen and at eight parties have already submitted their second. The united states go back then was to be seventeen percent below two thousand five emissions by twenty twenty and twenty six to twenty eight percent below the two thousand and five emissions by twenty twenty five it stated that are targets were fair but ambitious. I think the overarching theme of the agreement was that we were all in this together. Developed countries have to help developing countries. Everyone has to play their part. Perhaps this is the idea that we're all in this together is why the. Us gave notice to the secretary. General of the united nations that the usa would withdraw and he gave that notice on november. Fourth two thousand and nineteen with the effective withdrawal date of four november. Two thousand and twenty. How ironic or dubious that. This date was right around our presidential election. I guess the good news is we haven't been gone that long and we can again be a part of this more good news. Is that for the first time. In two thousand and twenty. The un climate conference started to have a dialogue about the ocean and in twenty twenty. One there is a push to get ocean-based climate solutions into the paris agreement. Not so good news. However is that the international maritime organization. Or i am oh who represent the shipping industry is backtracking on their commitments to put this into context the shipping industry emit as much greenhouse gas gases as the sixth largest countries emissions. So it's not trivial. So how close out this segment again. By stating that. I am encouraged with the very real aspect that the united states will again rejoin the paris agreement and we will renew our commitment towards addressing climate. Change

Paris FCC President Biden United States NBC Espinosa United Nations Bonn Geneva Patricia Switzerland Germany Mexico International Maritime Organiz
NRDC's Dr. Vijay Limaye Discusses Measuring the Health-Related Costs of the Climate Crisis

The Healthcare Policy Podcast

05:35 min | 9 months ago

NRDC's Dr. Vijay Limaye Discusses Measuring the Health-Related Costs of the Climate Crisis

"To the healthcare policy. Podcast i'm the host. David intra cosso with me today to discuss the climate crisis related health. Costs is dr. vj lemay climate and health scientists at the national resources. Defense council center. Dr lemay welcome to the program. Thank you dr maze by is of course posted on the podcast website on background. Twenty twenty set another global warming record this past year tight twenty sixteen as the hottest record year and strikingly warmer than twenty nineteen. For example average temperatures in some parts of the arctic last year were more than six degrees celsius higher than the twenty one thousand nine hundred eighty one to two thousand ten baseline average per no at twenty twenty seven. Us record with twenty two one billion dollar plus climate disasters. The previous record was sixteen and twenty seventeen toiling in some ninety. Five billion dollars in damages are more than double the forty one year average of forty five billion seventy events were linked to hurricanes and tropical storms concerning wildfires california suffered over ten million acres burned more than double the previous record set in twenty eighteen at four million acres adverse health effects caused by climate crisis. Events are on bounce well known for example in two thousand sixteen. The government published the impacts of climate change on human health in the us. And i recently cited lance and twenty twenty countdown on health report that concluded in part quote the world has already warned by one point. Two degrees celsius resulting in profound immediate and worsening health effects close quote nevertheless response. By thorough policymakers. Along with the health care industry remains far beyond inadequate. The best the recent congress recently concluded congress can do as produce a five hundred fifty page climate crisis report that drew no connection between the climate crisis and related effects. Imposed on medicare medicaid beneficiaries. Do likely in part to the fact. That neither med pack or mac. Pack independent gresham commissions given broad authority to address issues affecting. These programs has never addressed much less mentioned the climate crisis with me again to discuss climate crisis related. Health costs is the national resource. Defense counsels dr. vj lemay so at that As background vj. Let me begin by asking. If you can briefly describe the nrdc signed centers work shirt and. Thank you david for the invitation to speak with you and your listeners. I work at nbc. The natural resources defense council we are a profit organization working really to stay guard the earth. it's people plants animals and the natural systems on which we all rely. We combine the power of more than three million at rdc members across the country with the expertise of about seven hundred staffers that scientists like me but also lawyers policy advocates who are working together to protect clean air clean water and the natural systems on which we all depend so i work in the science center at entity see and science release the foundation of our work to protect people in the environment. We worked to understand environmental and human health problems working in interdisciplinary spaces in some of the work that we'll talk about today. In terms of connecting the dots between climate change in house is really the focus of my work. And i just have to say you know this period unprecedented on the scientific enterprise. It's more important than ever that we recognize the value that science brings to society and helping us to confront respond to some of these. Really urgent threats thank you. I appreciate that last point As we are well aware. Let me go to you recently. Published an article To your credit in health affairs Last month last month december issue was a theme issue on the climate crisis. I should say a health affairs polishes. Nineteen eighty-three had never previously addressed. Or excuse me. Nineteen one had never previously addressed this subject So again a -gratulations. Your article with your colleagues was titled estimating the cost of action and the economic benefits of addressing. The health harms of climate. Change But i wanna ask you specifically about that because you wrote in this essay quote unquote. There is currently a knowledge gap that must be addressed for more complete understanding of climate change related exposure response relationship. So explain to me what this knowledge gap is. Sure you know in your setup remarks. You mentioned the huge toll that climate and weather disasters inflicted on the united states last year. About ninety five billion dollars by the federal governments fresh estimate and well that's a staggering number as a health scientist. I'm an epidemiologist. I look at that figure and i wonder what's not included and the truth is that when our federal government is tracking the damage the climate change in reports like the billion dollar disaster list. It's actually not accounting for tremendous profound and sometimes irreversible damage to human house so there is a huge missing component. We think about the continuing and mounting costs of inaction on the climate crisis

Vj Lemay David Intra Defense Council Center Dr Lemay Dr Maze Natural Resources Defense Coun Gresham Commissions Given Broa Congress Arctic United States Lance RDC Medicare Drew
2020 on track to be one of the 3 warmest years on record

SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

00:29 sec | 10 months ago

2020 on track to be one of the 3 warmest years on record

"It now looks like twenty twenty s on track become one of the world's warmest years on record a new report by the world meteorological society shows that the global mean temperature for january three to october. Twenty twenty was around one point two degrees celsius above preindustrial levels. The report also states that two thousand eleven to twenty twenty. We'll be the warmest decade on record with the warmest. Six years on record all occurring since twenty fifteen.

World Meteorological Society
Trump slams global climate agreement Biden intends to rejoin

THE NEWS with Anthony Davis

02:43 min | 10 months ago

Trump slams global climate agreement Biden intends to rejoin

"Donald trump rallied against the paris climate accord on sunday telling world leaders at a virtual summit that the agreement was designed to cripple the us economy. Not save the planet to protect american workers. I withdrew the united states from the unfair and one sided paris. Climate accord a very unfair act for the united states. Trump said video from the white house to the group of twenty summit hosted by saudi arabia. He's comments came during a discussion among the world's largest economies on safeguarding. The earth president-elect. Joe biden who takes office in january has said he will rejoin the global pact that the us helped forge five years ago trump contended. The international accord was not designed to save the environment. It was designed to kill the american economy. It is not clear whether trump has even read the paris. Climate accord trump. Who has worked to undo. Most of president barack obama's efforts to fight climate change said that since withdrawing from the climate agreement the us has reduced carbon emissions more than any nation. That is true but it's not that remarkable with its giant economy. The us has far more roar emissions of climate damaging carbon dioxide to cut than any other country except china a more telling measure of progress in various countries is to look at what percentage of emissions country has cut since two thousand five. The united states hasn't been even in the top ten. In percentage of greenhouse gas emission reductions more than one hundred and eighteen nations have ratified the accord which aims to keep the increase in average temperatures worldwide well below two degrees celsius and ideally no more than one point five degrees compared with pre industrial levels scientists. Say that any rise beyond two degrees celsius could have a devastating impact on large parts of the world raising sea levels stoking tropical storms and worsening droughts and floods. The us formally exited the paris pact on november fourth. On saturday the us formally left the open skies treaty which permits thirty plus nations to conduct unarmed observation. Flights over each other's territory. Those overflights set up decades ago to promote trust and avert conflict during the discussions at the climate session. President xi jinping of china the world's largest emitter said the g twenty should continue to take the lead in tackling climate change and push for the full implementation of the paris accord

United States Paris Donald Trump Joe Biden Saudi Arabia White House President Barack Obama China President Xi Jinping
Twenty years of climate extremes

The Science Show

06:35 min | 10 months ago

Twenty years of climate extremes

"The year two thousand and twenty was always going to be a tantalizing horizon for future thinkers even at symmetry conjures the clear-sightedness and precision of twenty twenty vision. Too which policymakers in resist manages. Always aspire twenty years ago. Most of southern australia was still in the group of the millenium drought. The dry conditions broke records around the nation. Perth stems where their lowest. Since the first world war and the southeast of the country was on its way to the dryest shania period since recordkeeping began as the bureau of meteorology. Put it at the time. This was the nation's first climate change drought. That observation came hot. On the heels of the third assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change which made headlines around the world with this conclusion that there is new and stronger evidence that most of the global warming observed over the last fifty years is attributable to human activities if suburban households become complacent about the household woody's than the drought was a wakeup call across the nation. Education campaigns and water saving devices joined water restrictions in an effort to ease pressure on limited urban water supplies in melbourne for instance the voluntary target. One five five campaign aimed more than half the daily water consumption of residents by encouraging shorter showers while imposing strict limits on watering gardens washing the car. Brisbane went even further aiming to reduce residential would consumption to one hundred and forty liters of water per person per day. The rain water tank in grey water. Recycling became suburban. Must haves offering the means to keep gardens green in trying conditions as the damn levels so lower and lower state governments turned desalination with perth leading the way in two thousand six a prospect that was unthinkable just a decade earlier other states took notice and before long desalination plants were on the drawing board for the gold coast sydney melbourne and adelaide. But for the most part by the time those projects were completed. The rains had returned to the east coast and the plants built. There were dismissed as wipe elephants journalist. Chris noticed this change in the weather himself as he reflected in the updated edition of his book on the murray darling basin in two thousand and ten browsing through his local bookshop. He'd realized that he's book. The river somehow migrated from the environment and ecology section where. It's just six months ago to a new place on the history shows even so this record linear rainfall that broke the millenium. Drought did not turn back the clock. A drying trend continued across the south of the continent particularly in the southwest. Where winter rains had been in decline since the nineteen seventies julian part to human induced climate change indeed while eastern australia record high levels of rainfall in late twenty ten and in twenty eleven perth and much of southwestern austrailia experienced record dry weather. This is just some of the challenges of planning for both climate variability and climate change on a continent of extremes. It's been looking ahead into the future. That's being one of the ways in which ustralian have long tried to come to terms with this continent of extreme climate variability in twenty eleven. The climate commission released its first report declaring that australia was facing the critical decade back. Then of course. The climate commission was a federal government body established under the gillard government but it was dissolved under the abbott government. Soon after its election in two thousand thirteen the decade to twenty twenty. The climate commission's report argued was critical in terms of meeting the two degrees celsius guardrail by curbing emissions of carbon dioxide in the decade to twenty twenty global emissions had to be well on track to reaching by twenty fifty to limit the planet's warming taking the temperature on the nation's progress towards this goal in twenty seventeen the climate council the independent body that rose from the ashes of the climate commission declared that australia was now known as global climate lagged already the concentration of carbon dioxide emissions had tipped over four hundred parts per million higher than at any other time for millions of us and the planet's temperature was over one degree higher than temperatures before the industrial revolution of the eighteenth century. The report warned that the window of opportunity to limit worsening climate impacts is closing and already climate events were getting worse pointing not only to bush fires and hate waves but also to drought and drying across the south of the continent. Just as the gun. I report of two thousand. Eight and countless other scientific studies had predicted two thousand and nineteen was the driest year since records began in one thousand nine hundred and it was the country's warmest year in fact all these since two thousand thirteen are among the ten warmest on record australia. The impact of climate changes lead to longer more intense fire seasons and an increase in the average number of elevated fire weather days as measured by the forest fire danger index twenty nine thousand nine so the highest cumulated index on record fires have burned before an australian but never like those we saw over the summer. It's called comfort knowing that this disaster was nice surprise after all the two thousand eight garner report warned that fire seasons will start earlier and the slightly lighter and generally be more intense. This effect increases over time but should be directly observable by twenty twenty in another ten to twenty years time 2019 white. Be so unusual. Although this use emissions might be lower thanks to the covid lockdowns and the air might be cleaner. The concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere like carbon dioxide continues to rise and the period two thousand sixteen to twenty twenty looks set to be the warmest five year period on record. Unfortunately a few months of slowing down can't make up for the decades upon decades of greenhouse gas emissions that have accumulated in the atmosphere. He street is weighing heavily on the planet's climate future.

Bureau Of Meteorology Climate Commission Southern Australia Melbourne Southwestern Austrailia Perth Intergovernmental Panel On Cli Abbott Government Eastern Australia Brisbane Australia Adelaide Gillard Government
10 years to transform the future of humanity -- or destabilize the planet

TED Talks Daily

05:18 min | 1 year ago

10 years to transform the future of humanity -- or destabilize the planet

"Ten years is a long time for US humans on Earth. Ten turns around the Sun. When I was on the Ted. Stage a decade ago I, talked about planetary boundaries that keep our planet in a state that allowed humanity to prosper. The main point is that once you transgress won the risks, start multiplying the planetary boundaries are all deeply connected but climate alongside bio-diversity, our core boundaries they impact on all others. Back then we really thought we had more time. The warning lights were on absolutely, but no unstoppable change had been triggered. Since mytalk, we have increasing evidence that we are rapidly moving away from the safe operating space for humanity on earth, climate has reached a global crisis point. We have now had ten years of record breaking climate extremes, fires blazing, Australia set area California, and the Amazon floods in China Bangladesh and India. During heatwaves across the entire northern, hemisphere we risk crossing tipping points that shift the planet from being our best resilient friend dampening are impacts to start working against US amplifying the heat. For the first time, we are forced to consider the real risk of destabilizing the entire planet. Our children can see this they are walking out of school to demand action looking with disbelief at our inability to deviate away for potentially catastrophic risks. The next ten years to twenty thirty must see the most profound transformation. The world has ever known. This is our mission. This is the countdown. When my scientific colleagues summarized about a decade ago for the first time, the state of knowledge on climate tipping points just one place had strong evidence that it was on a sears downward spiral. Arctic Sea ice. Other tipping points were long way off fifty four hundred turns around the Sun. Just. Last year, we revisited these systems in I got the shock of my career. We are only a few decades away from an Arctic without since summer in. Permafrost is now thawing at dramatic. Scales Greenland is losing trillions of tons of ice and may be approaching a tipping point. The great force of the North are burning with plumes of smoke, the size of Europe. Atlantic Ocean circulation is slowing the Amazon rainforest is weakening and may start emitting carbon within fifteen years. Half of the Coral Great Guy Wreath has died west Antarctica may have crossed the tipping point already today, and now the most solid of glaciers on earth east Antarctica parts of it are becoming unstable. Nine out of the fifteen big biophysical systems that regulate climate are now on the move showing worrying signs of decline in potentially approaching tipping points. Tipping Points Bring Three threats I sea level rise, we can already expect up to one meter this century. This will endanger the homes of two, hundred million people. But when we add the melting is from Antarctica and greenland into the equation, this might lead to a two meter rise. But it won't stop there. It will keep on getting worse. Second if our carbon stores like permafrost enforced flipped to belching carbon, then this makes the job of stabilizing temperatures so much harder and third these systems are all linked like dominoes. If you cross one tipping point, you lurch closer to others. Let's stop for a moment and look at where we are. The foundation of our civilization is a stable climate and the rich diversity of life everything I mean everything is based on this civilization has thrived and a goldilocks zone not too hot not too cold. This is what we have had for ten thousand years since we left the last ice age. Let's zoom out a little here three million years. Temperatures have never broken through the two degree Celsius limit. Earth has self regulated within a very narrow range of plus two degrees in a warm into glacial minus four degrees. Defy. Sage. Now we are following path that would take us to a three to four degree world. In just three generations, we would be rewinding the climate clock, not one, million, not two million, but five to ten million years we are drifting towards hothouse earth. For. Each one degree rise one billion people will be forced to live in conditions that we today largely consider uninhabitable. This is not a climate emergency. It is a planetary emergency. My fear is not that Earth will fall over a cliff on the first of January twenty thirty. My fear is that we press unstoppable buttons in the Earth System.

Antarctica Amazon Earth System India United States Arctic Sea Europe Greenland Australia California China Bangladesh
What Is The Future Of The Oil Industry?

Environment: NPR

03:54 min | 1 year ago

What Is The Future Of The Oil Industry?

"Oil, and gas powered a century of economic growth and damaged the planet's climate in the process which leaves the oil and gas industry in an existential panic in the short term, demand is down because of the pandemic in the long term. Well, there are two new reports out offering very different visions of the future NPR's Cumulus Domino ski covers energy and joins us now hi Camilla. Tell us about these two new reports where are they coming from? Yes, so they offer very divergent perspectives and let's start with the idea that oil will come roaring back. This is assuming that once the pandemic is over, someday, it will be over and the economy will recover oil will come back a demand will be there. The developing world is GONNA guzzle more and more of it back to business as usual. This is the view that was laid out by OPEC, cartel of oil exporting countries in their annual report called the Wu. then. Yeah the WOO WOO oil. Then there's different version of the future that was laid out by the International Energy Agency which a very influential group they said maybe that happens, but maybe the world takes action on climate change and if appropriate action is taken, oil demand could start going down and might even have peaked already. So is the main divergence in these two reports the assumptions about whether the world will take climate change seriously and to to slow it down. Yeah. That's the fundamental disagreement in this debate has been around for a long time while the World Act aggressively when will that happen? When will oil peak but right now this pandemic, which is you know we use the word unprecedented so much but something unprecedented has happened. There's a dramatic drop in demand for oil massive job losses across the sector, and that has made some people wonder could something else unprecedented happened? Could this unusual moment lead to an unusual level of action from world? Governments Arrive Faster or are you OPEC and you look at this and say the pandemic is just a blip and we'll be back to normal once it's over I'll note to there's there's one thing that both sides and pretty much everybody agrees on which is that the current pledges, the policies that are in place from world governments now are not enough to keep global warming at the two degrees Celsius that was committed to Paris or to shift the world meaningfully away from relying primarily on oil. So. That would require a huge transition from from what's currently happening or oil companies making those kinds of transitions i? Mean they have to make decisions today based on which one of these two futures they think is the most likely, right? Yeah. Absolutely, and you can see that split playing out a company's just to take two examples Exxon is doubling down on fossil. Fuels predicting a future in which there is still robust demand for gas and they. They'll be there to meet it meanwhile BP formerly British Petroleum they're they're projecting the world might be moving really aggressively and in they want to be there pivoting renewables trying to figure out how to make money money on a world that's transitioning away from their core product Some investors Nicole about so companies right now are placing their bets betting everything on which version of the world they think is more likely. It's hard to imagine any higher stakes here not only the future of those massive companies but like the future of the planet potentially literally I mean Exxon is right on the future is a lot like the present we're. Burning lots of oil which has had the disastrous climate consequences that we see unfolding and if BP and a lot of European super majors are correct. Then governments around the world might penalize carbon emissions, promote renewables. It would mean huge shifts in the energy industry, but it would help prevent the worst impacts for the planet like you said, NPR's Domino Ski. Thank

Opec NPR Exxon British Petroleum International Energy Agency Camilla Domino Ski Paris WU. Nicole
Humans Have Caused the Most Dramatic Climate Change in 3 Million Years

The Science Show

11:14 min | 1 year ago

Humans Have Caused the Most Dramatic Climate Change in 3 Million Years

"Recently Assad with some research colleagues at the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, a look at a brand new science article in which are climate model for the first time had recreated the climate on earth over the last three million years, which covers the entire geological pleistocene epoch. The Pleistocene is so important as it constitutes a point of reference for life on. Earth. Because although sure our planet has existed for four point, five, billion years it's only in the last million years. That earth has looked at least roughly in the way as we know it, the continents were roughly where they are today. The North and South Poles were covered with ice. The atmosphere had a similar chemical composition to what we have today. Planet, Earth. Our earth has only existed for three million years. All, comparisons further back in time are quite meaningless. And the manuscript I hold in my hand is not just reaching. My brain is also striking straight into my heart. A deep humility settles in when look at the graph showing the variations in mean global temperature on earth over the past three, million years it shows that we have never throughout the whole plasticine exceeded two degrees global warming compared to our pre industrial average temperature of approximately fourteen degrees. Never. This means that Earth despite all the stresses and natural shocks from fluctuations and Solar Radiation Volcanic eruptions, asteroid impacts and earthquakes has regulated itself within an incredibly narrow range minus four degrees. Celsius were in deep ice age plus two degree Celsius. We're in a warm interglacial period lasting three million years. It's absolutely incredible. Especially since we know why. It's earth's ability to self regulate the ability of the oceans to absorb and store heat the ability of the ice sheets to reflect solar radiation the ability of the forests to absorb carbon dioxide and the ability to be a safe and store greenhouse gases. The planet is a biophysical self playing piano whose music sheet stays. Within the minus four plus to scale. If that is not caused for humidity than I do not know what humidity is. And a deep concern in hundred and fifty years. In the geological blink of an eye, we risk now tearing this Planetary Symphony to shreds. Let that sink in. The global average temperature is now changing hundred and seventy times faster than over the last seven thousand years and it's doing. So in the wrong direction upwards when the current orbital forcing meaning are distance to the sun and the current low level of solar activity means that the temperature should in fact, be slowing down. You don't have to be a physicist to understand that we have a problem. Climate skeptics like to argue that historically the climate has fluctuated so much. So why shouldn't it be fluctuating now? Obviously. It fluctuates. But we are now racing towards plus three to plus four degrees warming. Sceptics like to bring up the little ice age the time when Swedish King Call The tenth Gustav Marched His army across the deep frozen great belt and the little belt in sixteen fifty eight to beat the Danes or that the vikings grew grapes in Greenland during the medieval warm period. Yes. Of course, this is true but it all occurred within the natural boundaries of minus four and plus two degrees. And it's here within this sweet spot that we must remain for our own sakes and our future? In August two, thousand, eighteen at the peak of that year's drought and fires in Sweden and Europe. We published a scientific paper where we tried to establish whether we are at risk of pushing the entire planet away from its current state of equilibrium, the Holocene epoch where we have been since the last ice age. This is fundamental. Our Planet Earth can be in three different states. It can be in a deep ice age as it was twenty thousand years ago with large is. Extending over the northern and Southern Hemisphere with over two kilometers of ice above our heads here in Sweden an ice extending as far south as Berlin. This is an equilibrium state as it is not only lower solar radiation that keeps earth in an ice age. It is also the feedbacks caused by ice. As the ice sheets grow earth gets whiter, which means that more more incoming heat from the sun is reflected back to space more ice means it gets colder which means even more is and suddenly you have a self reinforcing mechanism. This is what makes an ice age and equilibrium earth remains. They're not only because of the external forces from the sun but also thanks to these inbuilt biophysical processes in this case, the color of ice. Earth can also be in an interglacial an intermediate state, which is what we have today where was still have permanent is sites at the polls and we have glaciers on land and the biosphere with forests, grasslands, and lakes roughly as Earth as we know it. It is these two equilibrium states and only these two states that the planet has been over the last three million years that is during the entire Pleistocene. But then there is a third state when earth tips over from self cooling feedback loops to self heating feedback loops, which leads to an inevitable journey to becoming a hot tropical planet that is four, five, six, potentially seven, eight degrees warmer than today where in principle, all the ice has gone and the surface of the ocean is more than fifty meters higher than it is today and where the conditions for live is fundamentally different all over the entire planet. This is what we call hothouse earth. Or Highs Zaid hot time in German where the article when we published it drew so much attention doing this burning heat wave in the summer of twenty eighteen that highs Zaid was chosen as the word of the year in Germany. In this research, we tried for the first time to identify the global mean temperature at which we are in danger of tipping over from our current state, the Holocene interglacial, and embarking on a journey that would inevitably take us to highlight our conclusion is that we cannot exclude that the planetary threshold. The tipping point where we kickoff unstoppable processes of self amplified warming is at two degrees. Bear in mind we are today at one point one very mind were moving fast along a path that reaches one point five in potentially only twenty, thirty years and two degrees in forty fifty years. This is one I would argue of the biggest. Challenges of all to test whether we are right. Can the planet cope with or Canet not cope with higher temperatures than two degrees? But. My conclusion based on the knowledge we have today is that the planetary threshold to avoid triggering high Zaid is most likely at two degrees. Of course, it's not so that Earth will fall off a cliff at two degrees. The risk is rather that we would then pass a threshold where the shift towards hindsight would become unstoppable. In other words, we face an urgency at the timeframe whether we pushed the on button on not triggering stoppable warming is within the next few decades meaning essentially. Now, if we pressed the UNBUTTON and kick off the great planetary machinery with feedback loops causing self warming, then the full impacts may play out over three four, five, hundred years before we reach a new equilibrium state hothouse. A planet with over ten meters, sea level rise temperatures, and extreme droughts, floods, and heatwaves making large parts of earth uninhabitable a planet we do not want a planet that cannot support US humans. This requires from us that we understand two different time horizons. The short term time of commitment. When do we push the unbutton but then also the long term time horizon when we have the full impact hitting on people these are different but ethically, I would argue only the trigger moment counts, we cannot leave a damaged planet beyond repair to future generations. So to summarize the decisive moment when we press don't press the button lies within the next ten to twenty years. With consequences for all future generations a moral, bum. Are High site article concluded that degree Celsius is our ultimate planetary threshold that we need to stay away from. This article actually came out six months before our climate modeling showed that we've never exceeded two degrees throughout the whole pleistocene, the last three million years. In Two thousand nine, our planetary boundaries size showed that one point five degrees is a boundary we should not transgress because then we enter a danger zone of uncertainty. So perhaps you do understand my feeling a deep concern of humility in the face of our latest scientific findings, which really only says, one thing tipping points are real and if they're crossed, they lead to unstoppable changes, which requires a new relationship between us and our planet, and that we realize that we are facing a new ethics. What we do today will determine the future on earth for all our children and their children.

Zaid Sweden Potsdam Institute For Climate Assad Physicist Holocene Europe Gustav Vikings United States Canet Southern Hemisphere Germany Berlin
Heaven's Police Arrest God For Leaving Kids In Overheating Planet

The Topical

01:06 min | 1 year ago

Heaven's Police Arrest God For Leaving Kids In Overheating Planet

"Lord God the Father Almighty Creator of Heaven and Earth sits in custody awaiting trial today. After it was discovered, he had left all of his seven and a half billion children unattended in an overheating planet authorities said that our Lord and Savior's precious children were trapped on the planet for possibly up to one hundred years as Earth's temperature rose to catastrophic levels OPR's thaddeus loss joins. US from the Celestial Realm of Heaven. Just outside the courthouse gates were God is being held low Thaddeus. Thanks for having me Leslie. Then he is how did authorities find out about this negligence from the Almighty according to an official report? A and authorities were alerted after hearing horrifying screams and piercing sounds of thousands of natural disasters Aminata from the planet at a deafening pitch early. This morning while just how bad was the temperature inside planet or or reportedly all of God's children were left alone long enough for the temperature of the Earth to rise from negative zero point two degrees Celsius to a dangerous one degree Celsius authorities say if they were left alone long enough for the temperature to increase in additional degree or to all of the Almighty's precious. Children. Would have drowned or starved to death in likely food and Water War by twenty one, twenty disaster averted. There

United States Leslie Official
UN agency laments northern summer's 'deep wound' to Earth's ice cover

UN News

01:02 min | 1 year ago

UN agency laments northern summer's 'deep wound' to Earth's ice cover

"Climate warming in the Arctic has caused tremendous diminish over the summer months and the European of suffered to you and weather experts said on Tuesday in an update to coincide with the start of autumn in the northern. Hemisphere. The World Meteorological Organization WMO reported major impacts on ice shelves and. Heat records in the polar region included one on Norway's Svalbard archipelago the town of Longyearbyen hit twenty one point seven degrees Celsius seventy, one degrees Fahrenheit on the twenty fifth of July shattering the previous record had stood for forty one years also this summer the UN agency noted that an eighty one kilometer square portion of the milne ice shelf broke off producing the total area by forty-three percent. Warm conditions have also been seen in the European. Alps. The UN agency said with similar consequences temperatures in the absolute fact increased by two degrees, Celsius twentieth century, and the damage that this caused has been amplified by decrease in Snow Ice Cover, which has revealed Daca Rox that absorb more Saudi radiation.

UN WMO Longyearbyen Arctic Norway
Minnesota's boreal forest is a climate change hot spot

Climate Cast

03:49 min | 1 year ago

Minnesota's boreal forest is a climate change hot spot

"As climate change unfolds we're learning that warming is uneven temperature records show distinct climate change hotspots, and northern Minnesota's among the fastest warming areas on the planet. Minnesota's iron range and Canadian border counties have worn more than two degrees, Celsius or three point six degrees Fahrenheit since eighteen ninety-five. That's twice as fast as the twin cities and the global average of about one degree Celsius. How is that changing Minnesota's Flores Lee? Froehlich directs the University of Minnesota Center for forced ecology. Highly Hi, fall good to be with you. How quickly do force react to that kind of temperature change there already reacting the seedlings of Red Maple and Northern Red Oak. And a few other species of trees are already spreading in places like the boundary waters that is enough of a temperature rise that those species which are from southern Minnesota in central Minnesota are moving into what we call the boreal zone, which is the very northern part of Minnesota. Where normally it would be so cold that you wouldn't have anything other than Birch and Aspen and conifers like spruce, and for let's say I'm traveling up in northern. MINNESOTA. What should people look for to see the forest changing? Well if you drive the highway. From Virginia to Ili. Say in mid September. You will see a lot more red there because red maple has expanded quite dramatically there does that mean it's a less favourable environment for the coniferous trees also, we don't think so not yet. That hasn't gotten warm enough to start reducing the growth or to kill the conifers but we do know that if it does warm up another degree Celsius, we might start seeing mortality and reduced growth those coniferous trees when I travel up north I the a lot of these dead birch stands across northern Minnesota. Is there a climate connection there? Yes. There is a climate connection. Now Paper Birch is very sensitive in this case to warming soil temperatures in summer. So just the fact that springs are a little earlier and falls are a little later means that the soil has more time to warm up during the summer and you combine that even with mild to moderate droughts like we had several of between two thousand and two, thousand and ten, and you get a Lotta root damage do these changing forests affect our lakes in Minnesota yes. with fewer conifers and more deciduous trees. The chemistry of the water that percolates through the soil and end of the lake will be different because. The full edge when it falls off, the trees is less acidic for things like Maple and oak that would be for spruce and for so the chemistry of the water will be different. Probably that will lead to more nutrients in the lake and US in a small enhancement of the amount of algae and so on that what grow in the lake in your work as you look ahead, what forest trends will you be watching for the next five to ten years and beyond? Well, we'll be watching the sea of. The maples and oaks continue into invade. The boreal forest will also be looking for wildlife species like deer and Bobcat, will they continue to move in and replace Moose and links? There are also somewhat climate dependent So a lot of interesting things to watch for

Minnesota University Of Minnesota Center United States Birch Paper Birch Flores Lee Forest Trends Froehlich Virginia ILI
Pricing Our Climate

Why It Matters

03:52 min | 1 year ago

Pricing Our Climate

"So do you think you can give us some of the big climate updates for the last year? Because twenty twenty has been a bit of a rough one and I think that a lot of people have been distracted from the long term. Twenty twenty has been talked about in the last few years by a lot of climate experts as are really important year. It's the point at which we would expect to start saying emissions decline. My name is Kate. McKenzie, I write a column for Bloomberg Grain I. Also advise organizations that are working towards a the Paris agreement goals in all kinds of capacities. So we sometimes call that bending the curve because you'll emissions have been increasing most years for obviously a many many decades now, and that's the first thing that needs to changes that annual growth rate needs to really end and start reversing at a fairly steep right because there's obviously a lot less air travel and certain other kinds of transit in particular and activity. Obviously, emissions are down this year. It's not really clear whether that's going to be permanent and it's not clear at what point you know that might rebound, and again, we don't want a lot of these particular changes to be permanent because they're so harmful. To cut those missions and otherwise. I we on the right. Track. There's a lot of encouraging signs, but there's also a lot of causes for concern, the overall emissions trajectory. If you kind of plotted out on todd, it's still not on a pathway that we should be on. There's also I. Guess Questions about the international process and the extent to which countries are meeting their commitments under the Paris Agreement to target a cut in their missions, and whether they're actually doing that quickly enough and keeping up with the schedule to be UN climate meeting that usually takes place at the end of the year is postponed this year until late next year but that process is still. Continuing in the background where countries are still being asked to look at their emissions plans look at their long term plans and talk about how they're actually planning to cut their emissions to get to nine zero by twenty fifty. All right. So it sounds like we still have a lot of work to do you know can't shouldn't. On a pandemic to get us to do the right thing for the environment definitely not. Even before we were grappling with a public health crisis, the United States was moving away from important climate initiatives at the end of twenty nineteen, the trump administration formally announced that it would withdraw the US from the Paris agreement abandoning nearly two hundred countries that have pledged to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Many experts feel that this agreement is the world's last and best shot at keeping the globe from reaching the temperature of no return, a two degree Celsius increase from pre industrial levels. A big part of the administration's rationale for leaving the agreement was that it presented a threat to the US economy. This argument has struck many economists and climate scientists is misguided given the dire economic threats of climate change itself. So, there's two main ways to think about climate change in financial markets. If you think about things that you earn or things that can be bought and sold on financial markets, these can be affected in two main ways by climate change one is as the world moves away from what we call a carbon intensive economy companies and assets that have assumed that that warrant happen will value. The best example I suppose would be something like coal fired power

Paris Twenty Twenty United States Kate UN Mckenzie Bloomberg Todd
Will Covid-19 have a lasting impact on the environment?

Coronavirus Daily

04:40 min | 1 year ago

Will Covid-19 have a lasting impact on the environment?

"The pandemic hit air travel in the US is down ninety five percent the morning rush hour. Traffic report has become unnecessary. Many of you are asking what impact this is having on the environment. So Lauren. Summer is with us. She covers climate change for NPR. And it's good to have you back. Lauren Hi Ari. Let's start with a question that a lot of listeners have asked this one comes from Walker in Ames Iowa the oil consumption due to know car travel and almost no air travel must be much less. Is this lack of carbon dioxide production low enough to meet the goals of the Paris accord is more than enough just to remind listeners? The goals of the Paris accord that was to keep global temperatures from going up two degrees Celsius with an aim of less than one point five degrees Celsius. What's the impact of this slowdown of the global economy? Lauren yeah so as you might expect is having an effect on global carbon emissions largely because demand for oil and coal has really fallen and this is all over not just the US. So scientists are starting to put out studies projecting. What would this look like by the end of the year? If this activity continues you know we all stay locked down a little bit and they're coming up with maybe an eight percent drop in carbon emissions for this year now okay. That would actually be unprecedented. I know it maybe sounds like a small number. That's bigger than the drops during the last recession or during World War Two. But here's the thing that is about. The level scientists save world needs to be cutting emissions every year until twenty thirty to avoid the worst impacts of climate change. That's you know that one point five degrees Celsius that you mentioned and I think scientists are also pointing out shutting down. The economy is not the way to reach. Those long-term emission cuts right. It's these bigger emissions changes like switching to renewable energy. Okay we got a lot of questions. Also about some of the short-term environmental impacts of the pandemic. This one comes from Lois in Raleigh North Carolina. Beautiful spring filled with crystal clear. Low humidity days here in North Carolina because having fewer cars on the road or the factories closed affect the weather but about the global shut down factories. Might that be affecting the weather. Here I've heard a lot of people wondering about this actually clearer. It is yes in a lot of cities gotten cleaner. People are driving less in some cities. I mean car. Traffic is down forty fifty percent. Planes are not flying either so that's actually helped improve local air quality but it is very important to say. The weather plays a huge role in your local air pollution. So if it rains you know it clears the air and the spring typically is not like the summer. It's not our worst season for air pollution. Other places actually though haven't really seen much of a drop because there are things like factories and refineries that are still emitting and trucks are still on. The Roads. Goods are still being delivered to stores. I understand you've been talking with some scientists who are studying the effect of having so few cars on the road and the what are they trying to understand exactly. Yeah I mean. This is a particular interest in cities that have really problematic air and in those cities. They have to try to figure out. What can we change to improve air quality? I mean this is actually kind of just a real world test of that one. Scientists told me that this would be like if in Los Angeles for example. A third of the cars on the road were switched to all electric cars. They don't burn gasoline. They get electricity and in California. A lot of that comes from solar and renewable. So it's cleaner. We have one listener. Who wants to know whether this pandemic could cause environmental damage? The here's Valerie in Arizona. We hear a lot about the air pollution being reduced but not much about the increased fast action Styrofoam especially in food service. What about the possible negative effects on the environment from the Corona virus? That's a good point. All of these restaurants that have switched to delivery or takeout. That's a lot of plastic. Yeah I think people are seeing a lot more containers. People are also seen masks and plastic gloves kind of thrown on the grounds. The pandemic is affecting our efforts to reduce plastic. Waste for example California. Just put a sixty day pause on. Its plastic bag ban. And that's out of concern for frontline workers right. They're the ones that are handling people's reusable grocery bags when they bring them into the store. Starbucks also is is not refilling those reusable coffee mugs for that same reason. It's about reducing exposure environmental groups. They've been largely supportive of these temporary measures because people's lives are on the line but I think they're keeping a close eye to make sure that these are actually just temporary measures and these larger initiatives to reduce plastic waste comeback at some point

Lauren United States California Paris NPR Raleigh North Carolina Starbucks North Carolina Los Angeles Iowa Walker
How The Coronavirus Pandemic Is Affecting Environment

Environment: NPR

07:50 min | 1 year ago

How The Coronavirus Pandemic Is Affecting Environment

"Since the pandemic hit air travel in the. Us is down ninety five percent the morning rush hour. Traffic report has become a necessary. Many of you are asking what impact all this is having on the environment. So Lauren summer is with us. She covers climate change for NPR. And it's good to have you back. Lauren Hi Ari. Let's start with a question that a lot of listeners have asked this one comes from Walker in Ames Iowa the oil consumption due to know car travel and almost no air travel must be much less. Is this lack of carbon dioxide production low enough to meet the goals of the Paris accord is more than enough just to remind listeners? The goals of the Paris accord that was to keep global temperatures from going up two degrees Celsius with an aim of less than one point five degrees Celsius What's the impact of this slowdown of the global economy? Lorne yes so as you might expect. It is having effect on global carbon emissions largely because demand for oil and coal has really fallen. And this is all over not just a US right. I mean so. Scientists are starting to put out studies projecting. What would this look like by the end of the year? If activity continues you know we all stay locked down a little bit and they're coming up with maybe an eight percent drop in carbon emissions For this year now okay. That would actually be unprecedented. I know it sounds like a small number. That's bigger than the drops during the last recession or World War Two But here's the thing that is about the level scientists save. The world needs to be cutting emissions every year until twenty thirty to avoid the worst impacts of climate change. That's you know that one point five degrees Celsius that you mentioned and I think scientists are also pointing out you know shutting down. The economy is not the way to kind of reach. Those long-term emission cuts right right. These bigger and missions changes like switch to renewable energy. Okay we got a lot of questions. Also about some of the short-term environmental impacts of the pandemic. This one comes from Lois in Raleigh North Carolina. This is the most beautiful spring filled with crystal clear low humidity days here in. North Carolina is having fewer cars on the road or the factories closed affect the weather brought about the global shut down factories. Might that be affecting the weather here. I've heard a lot of people wondering about this actually clearer. It is yes in a lot of cities it's gotten cleaner you know. People are driving less in some cities. I mean car. Traffic is down. Forty fifty percents. Planes are not flying either. So that's actually helped improve local air quality But it is very important to say. The weather plays a huge role in your local air pollution. So if it rains you know it clears the air and the spring typically is not like the summer. It's not our worst season for air pollution. Other places actually though haven't really seen much of a drop because there are things like factories and refineries that are still emitting and you know trucks are still on the roads. Goods are still being delivered to stores. Right I understand you've been talking with some scientists who are studying the effect of having so few cars on the road and the well. What are they trying to understand? Exactly yeah I mean. This is a particular interest in cities that have really problematic air and in those cities you know. They have to try to figure out. What can we change to improve air quality? I mean this is actually kind of just a real world test of that one. Scientists told me that you know this would be like if in Los Angeles for example. A third of the cars on the road were switched to all electric cars. Don't burn gasoline. They get electricity and in California. A lot of that comes from solar and renewable. So it's cleaner. We have one listener. Who wants to know whether this pandemic environmental damage? Here's Valerie in Arizona. We hear a lot about the air pollution being reduced but not much about the increase fiction styrofoam especially in food service. What about the possible? Negative effects on the environment from Corona virus. That's a good point. All these restaurants that have switched to delivery or takeout. That's a lot of plastic. Yeah I think people are seeing a lot more containers. People are also seeing masks and plastic gloves kind of thrown on the grounds. I think the pandemic is affecting our efforts to reduce plastic waste For Example California. Just put a sixty day pause on its plastic bag ban and that's out of concern for frontline workers right. They're the ones that are handling people's reusable grocery bags when they bring them into the store. Starbucks also is is not refilling those reusable coffee mugs for that same reason. It's about reducing exposure and are groups. You know they've been largely supportive of these temporary measures because people's lives are on the line but I think they're keeping a close eye to make sure that these are actually temporary measures. Right and these larger initiatives to reduce plastic waste kind of comeback at some point if you have a question for NPR's Lawrence Somerset to us at NPR dot org slash national conversation or on twitter use the HASHTAG NPR conversation and our next listener question comes from Laura Intel Keaton Alaska. What effect is this virus having on? Wildlife? I'm thinking of the fact that there's less people out and about and that means there's more room for wildlife I've seen some photos of a Lotta ducks resting in a parking lot while bores and sheep walking down the street. There's a lot of this on social media. Is it just that were home more? So we see the animals more or the animals actually coming out in places that they didn't ordinarily yeah. I mean that's hard to tell right. A lot of us are kind of just looking out the window. Maybe seeing things we didn't see before but some of it is a hoax. Right on social media you know. Maybe you saw those dolphins that were. They weren't actually there. Yeah I'm sorry about that but this they're actually real effects. Scientists are trying to study. You know I spoke to one wildlife rescue center in California. That said you know right now. It's seal and sea lion pumping season. You know every year some pups are concerned because of human interference like people or maybe dogs getting too close and so they're kind of that this year they merely a reprieve for them because some beaches are closed Another really good example is Wales. There's just less shipping traffic right now. And so. The oceans are less and wheels are very sensitive to sound. It's actually Something scientists after nine eleven because there was also a drop in shipping traffic and scientists could actually measure that stress hormones in right. Whales went down during that time period. Interesting we got a question about what's happening to environmental regulations during the pandemic Mike in Portland writes to the EPA suspended environmental rules so companies. Don't have to follow them any longer. Lauren Bizarre Policy Change while everyone was focused on the disease. Yeah in in March the EPA announced that it would not be finding companies if they failed to report their pollution data during the pandemic so an example of this might be that a refinery is reporting. It's air emissions to make sure that they're complying with Federal Clean Air Laws. The agency said that this needed to happen. Because the pandemic is making it harder for staff to collect the safety data and and do social distancing at the same time environmental groups really push back quite strongly. They felt this was too broad. It sent a message to industries. That maybe they would have the freedom to break environmental laws if no one was really checking during this time period just on our final moments so many of the changes were talking about depend on social distancing when the economy returns to something like normal are the gains. We've seen going to be reversed right so we all are starting to get back in our cars and fly. Go back to work industries ramping. Up You expect these of short-term Games are going to go away. I think there's some hope that the behavioral change though like maybe we'll all work from home it's possible. Npr Science correspondent Lawrence Summer. Thanks for answering these questions tonight. Thanks

California NPR Lauren Summer Paris EPA United States Raleigh North Carolina Iowa North Carolina Walker Starbucks Los Angeles
Where Did The Coronavirus Start? Virus Hunters Find Clues In Bats

Short Wave

06:46 min | 1 year ago

Where Did The Coronavirus Start? Virus Hunters Find Clues In Bats

"All Right Emily Kuang Wave Reporter. Animal Lover Unabashed Animal Lover. It's true you and I both know that bats are amazing. That is not up for dispute on shortwave. They're important for pollinating flowers dispersing seeds. They catch bugs the same ones that bite us and eat up some of our crops but bats also harbor some of the toughest known zoonotic diseases. That's right the rabies virus the Marburg virus the Hendra and Nipah viruses. The Abullah virus outbreak in West Africa was traced to a bat colony. All these viruses find what's called a natural reservoir in bats meaning the viruses live in that host without harming it. Do We know why that is? It's a very interesting question so I used to say a million dollar question now as as a billion dollar question Lynn Fouling says it might have to do with the fact that bats are the only mammal that's adapted for flight because during flight. The body temperature goes to up to all the way to forty two degrees. That's super high. Forty two degrees Celsius is almost one hundred eight degrees Fahrenheit and their heartbeat goes up to a thousand beats per minute. They're burning a ton of energy flying several hours a day and this creates toxic free radicals that damage their cells but Linda's research has shown that bats have also evolved this ability to repair and minimize that cellular damage. Kind of counterstrike and those same defensive. Abilities may help them not only tolerate flight but also to fight infectious diseases in a way that the human body simply cannot so the essentially. Have this like super effective? Immune response rights so while our immune systems can get overwhelmed from fending off these viruses. He thinks bats don't our hypothesis is best has evolved. A different method is to get the balanced right for defense and Torrance and that famous virus to live peacefully with Bass and they're able to safely house these viruses in their bodies and not get sick from them. Got It so. Let's talk about why scientists think this particular corona virus could have come from bats. Well they got a big clue from the start so in early. January Chinese scientists were able to quickly sequence the viruses entire genome and then they published it online from that scientists begin to study the virus in-depth and around this time researchers at Wuhan Institute of Raji in China compared its genome to a library of known viruses right and found a ninety six percent match with Corona virus samples taken from Horseshoe Bats in Union. Yes the same kinds of bats that were natural reservoirs for the original SARS virus that broke out in two thousand three and this led them to believe that this new corona virus likely came from bats to right and from a genetic standpoint ninety six percent match. Sounds like a lot but that four percent can make a big difference exactly that that four percent difference is actually a pretty wide distance in evolutionary timing. It could be even decades. This is Robert Gary Ablett at Tulane University. And while that one paper says there's a ninety six percent match with bats that extra four percent to him suggests some other viral material may have gotten mixed in from another animal and that other animal could have even transmitted the virus to humans right. This is called an intermediate host or an in-between host correct. But when it comes to this corona virus scientists aren't sure if there was an intermediate host between bats and humans and if so they're not sure what the intermediate host could be. There are theories Robert and fellow. Researchers have hypothesized. This virus could be a blend of viruses from two different animals bats and something else. An early scientific studies suggest it could be this animal called Penguin this scaly ant eater vulnerable to illegal wildlife trade and virus penguins or some other animal. That has a similar receptor binding domain. So to buyers getting together recombining to make up a new Sars KOGI team but the important point to all this is that virus hunters haven't come to a definitive conclusion about the chain of transmission from animals to humans about the involvement of penguins and baths or any other host animal. Not on the level of proof. They need right like the genetic level. Yes we don't know definitively which animal or animals this came from. It will take time to figure out but we do know. This came from animals a bunch of scientists in mid-february publish this big letter in the Journal. Lancet saying evidence overwhelmingly points to wildlife as the origin for this corona virus. And Roberts stands by that too. I can tell you that this is a product of nature. It's not a virus. That has arisen in a laboratory by any scientists purposely manipulating something that that was then released onto a cup like that. That just didn't happen. Because if you look at the actual genome which Robert has done the evidence. Isn't there okay so you said earlier. While speaking to the researcher in Singapore that it took a decade to find out the actual origin of the virus that causes SARS the original SARS. Do we know how long it could take to figure out where this new corona virus came from. Oh Mattie I wished I had an answer for you. We don't it all depends on funding and resources. Doesn't it all gone and time like I keep saying? Throughout this whole episode investment in virus hunting right expanding the zoonotic studies to figure out the transmission chain between animals and people. Because if we know that we are armed with information that can help us. Prevent future outbreaks. Peter doc he's the President of the US based nonprofit ego health alliance and he says that even if bats are the likely origin they are not to blame. It's no but's it's uh it's it's and what we do to Bass that drives this. Pandemic risks like wildlife trade and Food and agriculture practices or are close proximity to animals in densely populated areas one of the poster things about funding that. We're actually behind. These pandemics is that gives those the power to do something about it. We don't need to get rid about. We don't need to do anything with that. We've just got to leave them alone. Let me get on doing the good. They do flipping around at night

Robert Gary Ablett Researcher Marburg Emily Kuang Sars Hendra Reporter Lynn Fouling Wuhan Institute Of Raji West Africa Linda Torrance Lancet Kogi Union Mattie Tulane University Singapore United States
"two degrees celsius" Discussed on WNYC 93.9 FM

WNYC 93.9 FM

01:35 min | 1 year ago

"two degrees celsius" Discussed on WNYC 93.9 FM

"Are expected to focus on helping to bring an end to years of war in Libya on the east coast of Australia New South Wales and Queensland the facing potentially life threatening flash flooding after heavy rain full continued for a third day a dozen fires are also burning in Western Australia with temperatures will cost to reach forty two degrees Celsius and Swiss faces a taking part in a referendum on whether to make discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and identity punishable by law if approved the needle would wind in the existing legislation covering race and religion opponents say the proposals are fake and that's the latest BBC knees welcome to you're listening to the documentary on the BBC world service I'm Sandra Campo cunning and everything else is coming if you conjure up an image of the quintessential American diner Tony's free help grow would be it it opened its doors in nineteen forty seven long and narrow it has only knowing foods and seventeen seats around the counter where you can watch the cuts preside over a constant flow of eggs potatoes bacon and much else.

Libya South Wales Queensland Western Australia Sandra Campo Australia BBC
"two degrees celsius" Discussed on News Radio 810 WGY

News Radio 810 WGY

02:44 min | 2 years ago

"two degrees celsius" Discussed on News Radio 810 WGY

"Through the over factor I I choose I still recall I I I choose I choose stuff that's the same talking about unless he means what else he meant right when she said that is moral truth the matters not factual truth which was in a in and of itself Joe Biden is well known for for all of the the stuff that trump says Joe Biden has a lot of gaps of his own and then there his policies so right now he's basically running on I'm not trump trump is made from his bad bad Orangemen bad both for me and honestly not a terrible campaign in fact is from has low approval ratings by poll numbers people don't like his personality but then you get to Joe Biden's actual policy and Joe Biden's actual policy is just garbine geo so for example he was asked what your first move would be as president of the United States is it does on C. span into more in Iowa and here was Joe Biden's ridiculous answer you know I love the fact that there is no global warming you all know that out here in Iowa you know it doesn't exist I heard a former today on the TV who's a Republican so well I don't think it's caused by you was but I have a problem I have a problem well there's a big problem this is the existential threat to the United States to the world and it's real and is not is not yes the dog L. eleven years we got about ten years before we lose the opportunity to stop there rose that's occurring now it's real first thing I would do as president on stage I rejoined the Paris climate accord which I helped put together yeah no not gonna happen okay so the reason it's not gonna happen the Paris climate accord originally their goal is to keep the increasing global average temperature to below two degrees Celsius it's not gonna happen not going to happen it's not just going to make it's going to at noble prize in economics literally nor house not a thing and we should also note that the Paris climate accord were voluntary there were no enforcement mechanisms China and India signed they then proceeded to blow out their their carbon emissions United States did not sign a we are the world's global leader in reductions in carbon emissions since two thousand fifteen so there's that also Joe Biden was asked at some point today what he would do to fight China like what do you do to stand up to Chinese that I get them back in the Paris climate accord you mean the voluntary chords they sign and then didn't abide by those ones they add that's just great job that thanks thanks for that Joe a little while we'll get you more from Joe Biden on the campaign trail plus will also be getting two AOC offering advice to the media in just a minute when we talk about what occurs the former acting Attorney General of the United States will ask him about how to prosecute white.

two degrees Celsius eleven years ten years
"two degrees celsius" Discussed on The Interchange

The Interchange

02:00 min | 2 years ago

"two degrees celsius" Discussed on The Interchange

"Will change and were going to try to incorporate what we believe to be the most likely changes though there's no guarantee that these changes occur so it's kind of a middle ground and that's swear forecast lie from you know ecuador has one of these bp has one of these exxon has one of these and then the third group is be what they called the ambitious climate scenarios in most of them what's happening here is either scenario is saying well what would it take for us to go beyond the paris agreement or what would it take for us to limit global temperature rise to two degrees celsius or lower end so this is not saying you're the we think will happen but it's like this is what it would take to get to a certain point and that's why for example you and i on this podcast before i've spent a whole episode talking about the shell sky scenario this is an ambitious climate scenario so they fallen to those three groups and it's it's important to remember that because and we talk about variability is in the forecast you know a lot of that is coming from the difference in these assumptions will things largely continuous have or will we you know take on a really ambitious challenge like two degrees celsius well i think it helpful exercise take a look get scenarios modeled in two thousand eleven around the turn of the decade and compare them to the scenarios that we see now so shell what jumps out to you when you consider the differences between how people were thinking about changes in the energy sector in two thousand eleven vs today actually i thought you know when i saw the headline so that section of thinking okay so what is it likely with the forecast have shown twenty eleven and how would they likely have changed through today an i you know i think be obvious assumption would have been well in two thousand eleven we didn't know for example how much the shell gas boom with is going to impact the market in the long term we certainly didn't know how cheap renewables would become we didn't know how rapid decline of.

ecuador exxon paris two degrees celsius
"two degrees celsius" Discussed on Newsradio 970 WFLA

Newsradio 970 WFLA

05:04 min | 2 years ago

"two degrees celsius" Discussed on Newsradio 970 WFLA

"Eight six six five four five ninety five ninety five eleven after seven on a._m. tampa bay and we've got don in clearwater who's got a comment to make on the raise and what are your thoughts on that don hey good morning guys morning i have two little more important than the last night's debate what is this going to do for the rage residency if they go half a season in montreal How do you mean their residency? Oh, yeah. have different places to live oh yeah we talked about that they have to have two homes they'd have to course fly between the two locations And maybe dual dual citizenship as well. Have to become. too much trouble yeah the i don't i i don't see that working although again the big group in montreal with a lot of books talking about maybe building the stadium forum down here and how this soul certainly workout and we'll just have to see if that's the case but in the meantime oh on a check what we got on the blog here what's trending Here's what's trending with Natalie. natalie i see that at a couple of things already here like one old wives tale that aren't true yeah there's a whole list and i was pretty shocked because some of these growing up i was definitely told that are not actually real so it's a good list and am glad to say that the gum that is in my stomach is not stored there forever so it is it is lying to you why is it called the few why are they called old wives tales now that i can't i maybe just because they've been around awhile test down the gossip going on between the the wives it's a woman thing it's a woman thing yeah that's i've got this thing if i can find it here on well i don't want did with it now but it was a thing on why it's better to be a guy funding just tell us well ahead of fifty of them here i don't know what i did with the darn thing well i know i got it but i'll have to find that here a little later here's my thing from harvey macular he said or avar raise and i shall long time ago it'd be charlotte or vegas but twenty twenty seven is still a long way away and tina cook our other listener should note about the drinking game we were talking about every time you heard impeachment or impeach that will hear that last night at all a no they stayed away from i don't remember hearing impeach but they did for the most part they did not mention trump as many times i thought they would she added not just impeach but how about free that was something there and then also somebody added what about we'd be hammered essentially if they put a climate change in their that if climate change is put into the drinking game you'd be drunk as well oh yeah here's an example of how drunk you'd be if all of us does all that we can then we're gonna be able to keep this planet from warming another two degrees celsius and ensure that we match this country can do in live up to our thomas and our potential our towns are burning for feels are flooding miami's is inundated we have to understand this is a climate crisis and emergency our towns are burning found this thing here finally that men are happier people because first of all your last name stays put then you definitely don't have to have a hyphenated name the garage is all yours wedding plans take care of themselves chocolates just another snack you can never be pregnant well that's true i'd hate to have to go through that you can wear white t shirt to a water park or no shirt at all Car mechanics? Tell you the truth. the world is your urinal while it goes on like that will get around to some of the other stuff here in a little while anyway it's seven fifteen and right now we go to the store to eight weather center meteorologist lease span and hope we're not going to have another record high today you better hope a little harder ninety five today that record is ninety five yesterday we hit ninety seven that didn't even break the record of ninety eight so today we're going to have a right at that mid ninety record heat kinda day thankfully though as the week continues the rain chances get a little bit better we do go down to ninety three tomorrow down to ninety on saturday but this has been an oppressively hot week has a my car had one hundred on it for the first time yesterday i'll tell you what it was steamy for sure on doubtedly it's sixteen after seven and by the way our website is.

montreal tampa bay clearwater two degrees celsius
"two degrees celsius" Discussed on KLIF 570 AM

KLIF 570 AM

01:44 min | 2 years ago

"two degrees celsius" Discussed on KLIF 570 AM

"For greenhouse gas emissions. And that's just a fancy way of saying. You know, what increases are we going to expect from a doubling of CO two emission to the atmosphere, and there's a lot of climate literature that says it's closer to one and a half to two degrees celsius. And then there's other literature that says it's greater than that. But if it's the one and a half to two degrees celsius we're going to be in a slow warming period where it's really not all that bad. And we're actually, you know for the foreseeable. You know few decades, we're going to see more benefits from a warmer world in in greater agricultural yields yields and those types of activities from increased greenhouse gas emissions. I think when it gets to be a problem we need to look at policies that are outside the box of simply regulating CO two in greenhouse gas emissions. Because if you look at climate change, and you say it's a collective action problem, then you're talking about something that that takes global action to actually reduce greenhouse gas emissions and the developing world there priority is the gain access to affordable reliable power. And right now that means using a lot of fossil fuels cold natural gas and oil. So if you want them to do something else you need to develop low cost alternatives. We can do that with with increase natural gas, replacing coal. We can do that with more nuclear power, for instance. But it it's going to be market driven innovations that help reduce those costs for the developing world, Nick when you look at the amount of rhetoric to trans global warming on both sides. It seems like on the left. It's all alarmism. It's people like ANC claiming that the world is basically over inside of twelve years and then on the right? You do have people who say the climate change isn't happening at all. How should the right talk.

ANC Nick two degrees celsius twelve years
"two degrees celsius" Discussed on Newsradio 970 WFLA

Newsradio 970 WFLA

01:46 min | 2 years ago

"two degrees celsius" Discussed on Newsradio 970 WFLA

"There is no massive climate change that man is responsible for. I had dinner with some people last night. Saturday night. Pardon me. Who were fervent believers in it? And one of the guys at the table knew I wasn't. So this guy decided to start stirring, the excrement rush air doesn't really believe in climate change. Everybody. What what? Okay. That's true. I don't think it's manufactured manmade climate change. Let me ask all of you a personal question. If you're in the administration, pick your favorite, let's say Hillary Clinton's president and you're in the cabinet. She calls you in. And she says, we're we're running the risk of freezing we need to warm the climate, and we need to warm it by one or two degrees celsius in fifty years. What would any of you do? I got no answers. I got stairs. Staring at me. I had no takers. So I tried to different way. Okay. Let's say that it's fifty years from now. And we've got a cool it down. What would you do? No answers. No, takers. Point being the people these were adults to people that believe it can't even tell you why it's happening. They can't tell you how it's happening. And they can't tell you what they would do to stop it other than what they hear their political heroes say. And then when they I said, you really think that if you give up your private jet in your SUV that we're going.

Hillary Clinton president fifty years two degrees celsius
"two degrees celsius" Discussed on KNST AM 790

KNST AM 790

02:27 min | 2 years ago

"two degrees celsius" Discussed on KNST AM 790

"There is no massive climate change that man is responsible for. I had dinner with some people last night. Saturday night. Pardon me. Who referred believers in it? And one of the guys at the table knew I wasn't. So this guy decided to start stirring, the excrement. We don't rush share doesn't really believe in climate change everybody. What what? So. I said. Okay. That's true. I don't think it's manufactured manmade climate change. Let me ask all of you a personal question. If you're in the administration, pick your favorite presents a Hillary Clinton's president and you're in the cabinet. She calls you in. And she says we're we're running the risk. Of freezing we need to warm the climate, and we need to warm it by one or two degrees celsius in fifty years. What would any of you do? I got no answers. I got stairs. Staring at me. I had no takers. So I tried to different way. Okay. Let's say that it's fifty years from now. And we've got a cool it down. What would you do? No answers. No, takers. Point being the people these were adults, the people that believe it can't even tell you why it's happening. They can't tell you how it's happening. And they can't tell you what they would do to stop it other than what they hear their political heroes say. And then when I said, you really think that if you give up your private jet in your SUV that we're going to cool the planet. Well, no, not justified do. Okay. Well, we stopped flying airplanes. Are we gonna really lower the overall temperature of the point? Well, they will not say it. It's like gun control. Okay. You want to get rid of all guns? Join me, let's go out central park. Let's find every illegal gun there and take them away. If you'll join me doing that. Maybe we can talk not one taker. Most of the people that believe this crap. Can't even tell you why they believe it, nor what's happening nor what's causing it. It's like a religious article of faith and nothing else..

Hillary Clinton president fifty years two degrees celsius
"two degrees celsius" Discussed on Newsradio 970 WFLA

Newsradio 970 WFLA

02:27 min | 2 years ago

"two degrees celsius" Discussed on Newsradio 970 WFLA

"There is no massive climate change that man is responsible for. I had dinner with some people last night. Saturday night party. Who were firm believers in it? And one of the guys at the table knew I wasn't. So this guy decided to start stirring, the excrement. We don't rush air doesn't really believe in climate change. Everybody. What what? So. I said, okay. That's true. I don't think it's manufactured madman climate change me. Ask all of you a personal question. If you're in the administration, pick your favorite, let's say Hillary Clinton's president and you're in the cabinet. She calls you in. And she says we're we're running the risk. A freezing we need to warm the climate, and we need to warm it by one or two degrees celsius in fifty years. What would any of you do? I got no answers. I got stairs. Staring at me. I had no takers. So I tried it a different way. Okay. Let's say that it's fifty years from now. And we've got a cool it down. What would you do know answers? No, takers. Point being the people these were adults, the people that believe it can't even tell you why it's happening. They can't tell you how it's happening. And they can't tell you what they would do to stop it other than what they hear their political heroes say. And then when I said, you really think that if you give up your private jet in your SUV that we're going to cool the planet. Well, no, not justified do. Okay. Let's stop flying all airplanes. Are we going to really lower the overall temperature of the point? They will not say it. It's like gun control. Okay. You want to get rid of all guns? Join me, let's go out central park. Let's find every illegal gun there and take them away. And if you'll join me doing that, maybe we can talk not one taker. Most of the people who believe this crap. Can't even tell you why they believe it, nor what's happening nor what's causing it. It's like a religious article of faith and nothing else..

Hillary Clinton president fifty years two degrees celsius
"two degrees celsius" Discussed on WTVN

WTVN

02:27 min | 2 years ago

"two degrees celsius" Discussed on WTVN

"There is no massive climate change that man is responsible for. I had dinner with some people last night. Saturday night. Pardon me. Hoover, fervent believers in it. And one of the guys at the table knew I wasn't. So this guy decided to start stirring, the excrement. We don't rush air doesn't really believe in climate change everybody. What what? So. I said. Okay. That's true. I don't think it's manufactured manmade climate change. Let me ask all of you a personal question. If you're in the administration, pick your favorite presents say Hillary Clinton's president and you're in the cabinet. She calls you in. And she says we're we're running the risk. A freezing we need to warm the climate, and we need to warm it by one or two degrees celsius in fifty years. What would any of you do? I got no answers. I got stairs. Staring at me. I had no takers. So I tried it a different way. Okay. Let's say that it's fifty years from now. And we've got a cool it down. What would you do know answers? No, takers. Point being the people these were adults, the people that believe it can't even tell you why it's happening. They can't tell you how it's happening. And they can't tell you what they would do to stop it other than what they hear their political heroes say. And then when I said, you really think that if you give up your private jet in your SUV that we're going to cool the planet. Well, no, not just divide do. Okay. Let's me we flying all airplanes. Are we going to really lower the overall temperature of the point? Well, they will not say it. It's like gun control. Okay. You want to get rid of all guns? Join me, let's go out central park. Let's find every illegal gun there and take them away. And if you'll join me doing that, maybe we can talk not one taker. Most of the people who believe this crap. Can't even tell you why they believe it, nor what's happening nor what's causing it. It's like a religious article of faith and nothing else..

Hillary Clinton Hoover president fifty years two degrees celsius
"two degrees celsius" Discussed on News Radio 810 WGY

News Radio 810 WGY

02:18 min | 2 years ago

"two degrees celsius" Discussed on News Radio 810 WGY

"There is no massive climate change that man is responsible for I had dinner with some people last night. Saturday night, pardon me who refurbished believers in it. And one of the guys at the table knew I wasn't. So this guy decided to start stirring, the excrement. We don't rush doesn't really believe in climate change everybody. What what? So. I said. Okay. That's true. I don't let it gets manufactured manmade climate change me ask all of you a personal question. If you're in the administration, pick your favorite presidency, Hillary Clinton's president and you're in the cabinet. She calls you in. And she says we're we're running the risk. A freezing we need to warm the climate, and we need to warm it by one or two degrees celsius in fifty years. What would any of you do? I got no answers. I got stairs. Staring at me. I had no takers. So I tried it a different way. Okay. Let's say that it's fifty years from now. And we've got a cool it down. What would you do? No answers. No, takers. Point being the people. These were the people that believe it can't even tell you why it's happening. They can't tell you how it's happening. And they can't tell you what they would do to stop it other than what they hear their political heroes say. And then when I said, you really think you give up your private jet in your SUV that we're going to cool the planet. Well, no, not just divide. Do woke somebody stopped flying all airplanes. Are we going to really lower overall temperature of the point? Well, they will not say it. It's like gun control. Okay. You want to get rid of all guns? Join me, let's go out central park. Let's find every legal gun there and take them away. And if you'll join me doing that, maybe we can talk not one taker. Most of the people who believe this crap. Can't even tell you why they believe it, nor what's happening nor what's causing it. It's like a religious article of faith and nothing else..

Hillary Clinton president fifty years two degrees celsius
"two degrees celsius" Discussed on UN News

UN News

04:18 min | 2 years ago

"two degrees celsius" Discussed on UN News

"Yes. We'll be demanding much more in terms of results visibility of it. And I think here everybody will be able to demand of the UN at the country level. But also of the when he reports annually the results exactly what you get for the money. We invested in development. And I think this is exciting because it is bringing on new partners. But it's demanding more of us. And why not that's what we work for. This is helping the poor. This is going to register difference across the whole social spectrum close. It's about leaving no one behind and we have to define country by country who those no one's, Aw and targeted investments on them and make sure that they apart of this development, and that the so many root causes that we speak about that invariably. Get us a reaction that is conflict that is a humanitarian crisis that is a lack of respect for human rights doesn't ever happen. Again. We have to always work two zero R commodities hope, and that's what we're going to do in terms of trying to implement the development gender. That was Matt wells speaking with the UN's Amina Mohammed on what the UN reform plan means for putting SDG's one of our favorite acronyms into action. Now, let's jump to what are you in chief? Antonio Gutierrez has called the defining issue of our time back in twenty fifteen when the Paris climate agreement was signed almost all nations agreed to come together to limit global warming. Below two degrees celsius. Ideally to keep it below one point five degrees in October a watershed report by the intergovernmental panel on climate change. I p c calculated the effects of one point five and two degrees celsius rises in global temperatures Connor Lennon reported on the risks outlined by some of the scientists and authors of the report wolf difference does Hoffa degree make back when the Paris climate agreement was signed by world leaders in twenty fifteen there wasn't a clear on to that question. So the scientists of the intergovernmental panel climate change or IPCC which provides governments with scientific objective information was toast with coming up with one. I know Monday at a press conference in Inchon, South Korea. It was released we wait invited to these people. Two years ago because there was not enough knowledge this up the differences between noble fun and two degrees. And I'm impressed by the amount of new knowledge six thousand publications assist in the report, and what comes out is a clear benefit in limiting women to one point five compared to two degrees to vote multiple risks. And I want to stress risks associated for instance, with heatwaves heavy rainfall advance trout in many regions scientist and co chair of the report Valerie Masson much on the task accomplished by the IPC. The organization was keen to highlight the benefits of keeping quotable me to one point five degrees and of creating a code Amies that benefit all without harming the environment. Here is host only the chair of the IPC and co chair of the report Prieta, she Shukla climate change is occurring ready and affecting people systems and ivory. All around the world. The every degree of warming matters. And there's tremendous benefit limiting to at one point five degree searchers in terms of erotic aiding poverty, as well as Jiming, sustainable development report casts into the very exhaustively star, the the issues if I had to say one is that how are we going to come out of fossil fuels the question often asked of the various policies Obita Gatien of Lamichhane this support. Is addressing this issue? The question is not out the mitigation of the emissions. But the question is about how would leaving on this on it becomes more sustainable, and that sustainable development would become an anchor for the climate change as opposed to climate change is kind of hindrance to below man. So how do we make this happen?.

UN Paris Valerie Masson IPC Inchon IPCC South Korea Antonio Gutierrez Amina Mohammed Obita Gatien Jiming Matt wells Connor Lennon scientist SDG
"two degrees celsius" Discussed on TechStuff

TechStuff

01:57 min | 3 years ago

"two degrees celsius" Discussed on TechStuff

"Annual low temperature and Phoenix is sixty three point four degrees Fahrenheit, which is about seventeen point four degrees celsius even in the coldest month of the year for Phoenix, which is December the average low is forty five degrees Fahrenheit or seven point two degrees celsius which is chilly for someone like me who grew up in the southeast. I might wanna wear a jacket maybe even a light coat, but it's not freezing. Right. You haven't dropped below the temperature of freezing the likelihood that the driverless cars and Phoenix Arizona would encounter conditions like ice or snow is very low not impossible, but very unlikely. So you could argue the rolling out a driverless car service in Phoenix is like riding a bike with training wheels. On the other hand, it makes way more sense to me to start off in areas. Where conditions are pretty consistent. So that you can continue to gather information about driving conditions, and driver behaviors and work with that knowledge and build it into future algorithms and improvements that might mean, we'll see a very gradual rollout of autonomous car technology in cities that are most amenable to it. Let's say so it might be a very control out. And it might be a long time before we see it everywhere. Now, I think I'm going to close with one other big point there. Tons more that I could talk about obviously. But the one I went to talk about here another warning is I just mentioned the idea Waymo gathering useful information from the driverless car service. It's it's launching and Phoenix. But that also ties into information about us as potential customers. Waymo is part of alphabet alphabets the holding company for Google Google is ultimately in the business of information. So

Phoenix Phoenix Arizona Google forty five degrees Fahrenheit four degrees Fahrenheit four degrees celsius two degrees celsius
"two degrees celsius" Discussed on This Week in Science

This Week in Science

02:09 min | 3 years ago

"two degrees celsius" Discussed on This Week in Science

"To warmer summers. So used state level measures of agriculture productivity that capture how inputs the inputs. Being things like seeds feed fertilizer, herbicides are converted into economic outputs the stuff, what's they got out of it. Researchers mapped that information against fifty years worth of climate data nineteen sixty two thousand four and seeing what would happen if whether it was treated as an additional input to that data set. So the results showed in esscalation of climate sensitivity in the midwest. In the periods of nineteen sixty nine hundred seventy s and so it was a two degree celsius rise in temperature during the summer resulted in eleven percent drop in productivity. So that's pretty significant. It's it's it's a multiplier you get to degrees. Get eleven percent drop after nineteen eighty three the same additional rise in temperature caused productivity to drop twenty nine percent to now you have like this. You're watching this scale, and it's increasing the negative effect with the same rise in temperature. While these damaging summer conditions only occurred six percent of the time researchers indicate that an additional one percent. So she's warming would more than quadruple their frequency. So it's not just present of the negative output would quadruple the frequency of the negative vent to roughly and their estimate once every four years so with with climate change with the like only one or two degrees sort of conversation. I always kind of talk about fevers. Hey, so like your body temperature is ninety eight degrees issue ninety nine one hundred. You're not gonna feel too good. You might go home early from work.

eleven percent ninety eight degrees twenty nine percent fifty years one percent six percent two degrees four years two degree
"two degrees celsius" Discussed on Global News Podcast

Global News Podcast

01:43 min | 3 years ago

"two degrees celsius" Discussed on Global News Podcast

"Eating the surrounding of offering city is a key step in turkey's sevenweek operation in northern syria ended ousting the kurdish wipe jiemilli shift from the region turkey sees the white pg as terrorists it remains unclear what's turkey's next move will be some say onkar will be content to lay siege to afrin for some time and allow civilians to leave to avoid a high casualty offensive in another development the turkish foreign minister mabel choshi all the said a deal had been reached with washington for the kurdish why pg to leave the town of manage the roadmap for this is to be finalized later this month he said those selling garrett reporting from turkey tiger sharks like to swim in waters at around twenty two degrees celsius we know this because scientists have carried out a study to establish the exact water temperature they most favor so why does this matter will the researchers say that shock populations might shift range as the oceans heat up potentially bringing them into greater conflict with humans are signs correspondent helen briggs expect our saunderson my sharks are cold blooded animals their body temperature matches the water around them this means that they go into like a particular temperature particular coastal water temperature and likely to stay in waters at this temperature at one of the research is doctor nncholas pain he told me what they'd found when these animals are in a temperature of about twenty two degrees the body activity levels are highest and i seem to be most abundant there's more of those animals at that temperature study suggests that.

turkey syria mabel choshi washington garrett helen briggs afrin twenty two degrees celsius twenty two degrees sevenweek
"two degrees celsius" Discussed on Global News Podcast

Global News Podcast

01:43 min | 3 years ago

"two degrees celsius" Discussed on Global News Podcast

"Eating the surrounding of offering city is a key step in turkey's sevenweek operation in northern syria ended ousting the kurdish wipe jiemilli shift from the region turkey sees the white pg as terrorists it remains unclear what's turkey's next move will be some say onkar will be content to lay siege to afrin for some time and allow civilians to leave to avoid a high casualty offensive in another development the turkish foreign minister mabel choshi all the said a deal had been reached with washington for the kurdish why pg to leave the town of manage the roadmap for this is to be finalized later this month he said those selling garrett reporting from turkey tiger sharks like to swim in waters at around twenty two degrees celsius we know this because scientists have carried out a study to establish the exact water temperature they most favor so why does this matter will the researchers say that shock populations might shift range as the oceans heat up potentially bringing them into greater conflict with humans are signs correspondent helen briggs expect our saunderson my sharks are cold blooded animals their body temperature matches the water around them this means that they go into like a particular temperature particular coastal water temperature and likely to stay in waters at this temperature at one of the research is doctor nncholas pain he told me what they'd found when these animals are in a temperature of about twenty two degrees the body activity levels are highest and i seem to be most abundant there's more of those animals at that temperature study suggests that.

turkey syria mabel choshi washington garrett helen briggs afrin twenty two degrees celsius twenty two degrees sevenweek
"two degrees celsius" Discussed on VIBES-LIVE

VIBES-LIVE

01:38 min | 4 years ago

"two degrees celsius" Discussed on VIBES-LIVE

"Or ben and jerry's or put this product against this product they're both modified milk products and i'm also put these two products with the milky cream sidebyside and there were in the new comparible all four and you're gonna be shocked at wear the boom in a boom boom see god all right scream laid out we've got our our talks behind interest in front of it it's just after adm in the morning right now i think the house is twenty two degrees celsius so it shouldn't take very much time for that the melt at all but we are going to leave this for the whole day so i'm going to come back this evening and we're going to look at what we've got going on here and you're just going to be appalled by it and i also want to point out as well the oriole his cream it comes with a safety tab rate there that you have to bust open the ice cream so that's great the friars ice cream comes with nothing so there's a lot of freaky stuff that goes on there's a lot of disgruntled people that work in polices that they shouldn't be in will just pump the top and have director direct access to what the consumers can eat and the top doesn't even fit very well like it's this sheep each cheapo little frequent cav i don't think that's rate the scot spurned plastic the filled on the.

the house ben jerry director twenty two degrees celsius milk
"two degrees celsius" Discussed on VIBES-LIVE

VIBES-LIVE

01:39 min | 4 years ago

"two degrees celsius" Discussed on VIBES-LIVE

"In the or ben and jerry's or put this product against this products they're both modified milk products and i'm also put these two products with the milky cream sidebyside and then we're gonna do comparable all four and you're going to be shocked at where we lay uh the boom in mm ooh mm so now you are extremely note we've got our our talks behind interest in front of it it's just after eight am in the morning right now i think the house is twenty two degrees celsius so it should take very much time for that the melt at all but we are going to leave this for the whole day so i'm gonna come back this evening and we're going to look at what we've got going on here and you're just going to be appalled by it and i also want to point out as well the coriolis cream it comes with a safety tab rate there that you have the bus to open the ice cream so that's great the prior's ice cream comes with nothing so you know there's a lot of freaky stuff that goes on long disgruntled people that work in places that they shouldn't be in will just pump the top and have director direct access to what the consumers going to eat and the top doesn't even fit very well like it's this sheep each cheapo little freedom calf i think that's rate the scotsman plastic the filter.

jerry the house ben director twenty two degrees celsius milk