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Inside Europe: 11.01.2019
The w. Inside here. Hello, I'm kief Walker in Bonn, Germany. You're listening to inside Europe on today's program, the trial of a deadly terror attack on a Jewish museum opens in Belgium, also high level corruption in Poland for the ruling party, which continues to replace public administration and now Bank officials with its own nominees. The overriding goal appears to be completely overhaul elite, even if it means giving the children of top politicians jobs in financial agencies and other institutions more vast coming up and one of the largest data leaks and Germany's history leaves politicians exposed unclaimed. French authors says women over fifty are too old for love they stories and more coming up on inside Europe. Four years ago Belgium was struck by the first terrorist attack from a suspected returned. Former Pfizer that the as Lama state. The suspect in the killing of four people, Brussels. Jewish museum went on trial in Brussels on Thursday Teri Schultz has more I go fully who deaf recalls exactly how she found out. The Brussels Jewish museum had suffered a deadly attack may twenty fourth twenty fourteen. It was a Sunday. And India, my father called me to say, well, you sit down, you know. You know with my family. Everything is fine. What happened? And so he told me that he heard that. There was a shooting on the streets of the museum follicle deaf rush downtown where she soon learned the shooting was not on the street. But in the museum that two of our colleagues had been shot along with to museum visitors. The murders took only eighty two seconds all caught on closer camera with the gunman calmly shooting his victims than putting the weapons in a duffel bag and walking out the door disappearing into the crowd. Belgian foreign minister the lenders happened to be one of the first on the scene. He saw the first victims on the ground and called emergency services. Vendors told me that day had a big impact on impersonal, many, every balls and documents. Defend their actions, all different conflict. But when you're out there is totally different emotion. Deaf agrees. It was the worst of times that brought out some of the best in society. Well, kind of changed for us. We're not on the Jewish community the whole operation of parcels gather people came and they put some flowers in front of museums light, the candle people gather, it was very moving people want to stand up against the terror arcades terrorism altogether. That shooter is believed to be many moosh. The French national was picked up six days after the killing on a bus in France still carrying what are believed to be the murder weapons. Lots of munition and a videotaped confession pledging more bloodshed on behalf of the terrorist group Islam estate, which he's believed to have served in Syria for at least a year French journalists taken hostage in Syria in twenty thirteen and later, freed identified new moosh as one of their jailers. Torturers their moose then allegedly came back to Europe the institute's Thomas Renard explains why new moosh is an important figure. He was not among the very first one to leave Europe for Saran Iraq. But he was certainly in the first waves, and that sort of allowed him to to go relatively high would say in the organization of the state in Saran Iraq in those days, and he did have a relatively I would say important place in that organization as a Frank as European. He was part of that relatively limited group of very dangerous very committed European Frank fighters who have been involved in this series of attacks that have struck Europe between two thousand fourteen and two thousand and sixteen initial face trial later in France for his role in the hostage taking of the journalists. One of the other men the identified from Syria ended up being. One of those who allegedly carried out the attacks on the Brussels subway and airport in March twenty sixteen moosh also has a co-defendant an acquaintance from his earlier criminal days in France accused of being as weapons dealer. Thomas Renard says terrorism experts will be studying this trial closely, it's very important trial. Because it's the first trial of returning Frank fighter here in Europe. It's the first attack committed by someone who came back from Iran, Iraq. And so it does matter not only symbolically, but also to to better understand what his trajectory was what his motives were. And also to bring some light on this phenomenon. That was rather new at least in in this extent, not only for Belgium. But for the rest of Europe, PASCAL felt like had death who has become the director of the museum says the Jewish community will be watching closely to still full of sorrow for their losses. But also pride in. Their games for the next week would be very difficult and painful for everyone here, of course. But then we think about all what we've done since the attack and all the new projects that we have for the coming weeks and months, she's talking about the very busy program. The museum keeps up full of exhibits and special events, integrating different communities in Brussels. She says the museum has thousands more visitors now than before the attacks. Most of those people are non-jewish and many are Muslim as part of a deliberate post-attack outreach by both communities, and we know that we are on the way. And the Justice would be done the trial's expected to run through the end of February. And if convicted moosh faces life in prison Teri Schultz d-w at the palace of Justice in Brussels. In Europe comes to you from d-w in Bonn, Germany. You can listen again all download the podcast at d-w dot com slash insight Europe, where also on soundcloud, and I tunes. Hundreds of politicians from across the political spectrum have had their personal details. Confidential emails on private shots published online after days league Germany's digital defense agency has been investigating and d-w political and security correspondent Thomas Sparrow has been following the story. Hello thomas. Hello Nash to be with you. Welcome back who was hacked. Well, I lot many many politicians were hack not only politicians also prominent journalists, for example, among those who were affected Chancellor Angela Merkel. It seems that her Email address and various letters to and from the chancellor where also published one important exception is that it seems that members of the far-right alternative for Germany were not affected so basically traditions from all major parties where affected except for the A F D. It's still unclear why exactly the FDA was not affected that something that probably. Investigators are looking into they're also looking into political affiliation of the person, they believe was behind the hack on how did this happen? That is the big question. We're talking here about a twenty year old someone who was still living with his parents who were still studying someone who apparently had no training in computer science and taught himself the necessary skills to take this information that twenty year old man from the western German state of Hesse was found by police. Police spoke to him he according to police confessed a lot and gave them valuable information. And obviously they're still trying to look at some of the other information that they have been able to gather because even though now police think they know who was behind this. There are still many questions as to how this could happen. And what is all means for Germany's infrastructure digital infrastructure and also how petition going to react to all of this. What less? Will be learned. It'll be interesting to see that how they implemented any measures now already to prevent this from happening again. Well, some politicians have even gone as far as deleting the accountant social media that was a case, for example of over habit. One of the leaders of the of the greens as far as the government is concerned what they have been looking into is whether there is a need to change laws to amend any laws and make them in any way. Strict that's something that the government has announced obviously along processes that. They won't just do right now on something else that they have been pointing out, and I think that's important for all of us for all users of social media, not only politicians, but everyone else is that people have to deal with their information carefully. They have to deal with it in a different way. That's they have been telling traditions that if they're going to publish information on nine or even if they're not going to publish information on nine they have to be very careful and act responsibly because there are people, and as we saw in this case a twenty year old who without specific knowledge Justice. Himself. How to do it manager? Take valuable information from them. However, we're talking mostly about private information. So telephone numbers credit card. Details photographs private conversations authorities were very quick to point out that this does not mean a new security situation. All these these developments and not necessarily important, obviously. Because of the people acted on the information that was taken, but it's not necessarily information that is important for the security of the country. In fact, they also stress that according to what they knew the government networks had not been affected. Exactly. What can we do like us ordinary people? How can we improve our security is anything we can do to stop our private messages being hacked, unread and distributed. I think the key element. There is to be more conscious of what we share what we don't share. And how we deal with our information on nine in the knowledge that there are people as we've seen in this case guy that can easily take information on publish it on nine. So you changing passwords, for example. Regularly being much more aware of what we post and how we posted our how would you with that information in different platforms or nine I think that's one of the key messages that we can take from this. This is not only for the government to resolve into find answers. Those for the users to deal. More responsibly. We'll information that we have available Thomas Sparrow DWI political security correspondent, thanks for joining us on inside Europe. My pleasure still to come the report on high level corruption in Poland. We were talking about earlier for the ruling party, which continues to replace public administration and now Bank officials with its own nominees. The overriding goal appears to be to completely overhaul elite, even if it means giving the children of top bulletins jobs in financial agencies and other institutions more vast coming up on claimed French authors says women over fifty are too old for love. I'm Keith Walker in Bonn, Germany your. Listening to inside Europe. Poland's ruling law and Justice party came to power three years ago on a populist anti corruption ticket but last month after a series of high level corruption scandals the country's opposition called for a vote of no confidence in the government saying it condones, nepotism cronyism and shady behind the scene deals vote failed given the parties large parliamentary majority, but observers wonder how the scandals may affect the ruling party's future ahead of elections later this year from Warsaw Yu-lian Beranek ports. This is a secret recording of conversation between the head of the national financial supervisor and the owner of a major Bank. It sends shockwaves through pollen last month in it. The official is demanding ten million euro bribe from the founder of getting Bank, which had developed serious liquidity problems to prevent the state from expropriating it the corrupt official turned out to be the nominee of national Bank of Poland governor, Adam Lipinski who may have known about the bribe as the scandal unfolded LaPierre ski controversial ask for the state to control media coverage of the affair ostensibly to prevent possible market stability. It also emerged that he had given to unqualified women dubbed glow. Pinski's angels by opposition media jobs. The Bank with salaries as high as those of the German Chancellor and the British Prime minister revelations about the number of other cases of high level nepotism involving the children of ruling party MP's followed. On winning the generally lection back in twenty fifteen nationalist leader, gyros of Catrine ski made an anti corruption drive, the centerpiece of policies, this was highlighted in the election anthem of his party, which is significantly called law and Justice. Doc. Perfect for nominal in Poland, which can be seen as the mother of all injustices. I'm talking about corruption. Nepotism cronyism. They've spread across the country to an unprecedented extent successive governments have turned blind eye to this since the fall of communism. We intend to stop the rot before it gets out of control. But here on the streets of Walsall all this must know sound pretty hollow to nationalist voters, like fifty something years Datta. She's bitterly disappointed that the law injustice bounty hasn't lived up to its promises I'm fed up with what what has been happening recently those scandals. I have observed some impudence people feeling to free acting for their own good, and I was really astounded. I would like them to act according to their name right away and Justice, right? Both for the ruling party, which continues to replace public administration. And now Bank officials with its own AMIS. The overriding goal appears to be to completely overhaul Arlen elite. Even if it means giving the children of top politicians jobs in finance religion, seasoned other institutions government spokeswoman up cheese. Scott brush yourself the opposition's 'cause Asians of nepotism strategy so more this don't children of our parties polish. Nations are bright and well educated they can speak foreign languages, and they make their own choices in life. They genuinely don't need the help of their moms and dads this. What are we supposed to do send these people to a desert island field position says the government is guilty of double standards, but the long term consequences for the low injustice party of service finance minister in the former liberal government. The question is what is the order of magnitude of the hypocrisy the corruption and the thing that interests me about this vocalism, and how it's going to evolve vote is seeing corruption the mung politicians and then voting against it. There's a reaction and people dislikes the populist as much as they dislike the elites before there is a clear mobilization of the anti-populist electorate. It's coming from this thing with European. Laments elections coming up in spring and national elections shield of y'all tomb. It will be interesting to see whether support for the nationalist party will be dented by these recent scandals for the time being opinion polls, give the ruling party comfortable lead over the fragmented opposition Yuli unbear- d-w also on Walker in Bonn, Germany. This is inside Europe on acclaimed author in France has stirred outrage and amusement by declaring women over fifty are too old for love at least. That's as far as he's concerned, whatever happened to the French art of seduction, Lisa Bryant takes a look from Paris. For many France is the indisputable capital of romance, French lovers. French kisses French liaisons, they've all helped to burnish the nation's credentials. The French-Language gave us words like a fair thumb foot. And of course, pummeled the Frenchaccent was even voted the sexiest in the world. But for some love has an expiration date. And it's over fifty when it comes to women. Food. At least that's of you, a French author yon mocks who happens to be fifty himself. But he says he cannot love women his own age or older. They're invisible walks told women's magazine Mahy clear, the body of twenty five year old women is extraordinary. The body of fifty year old one is not wax is not backing down on his controversial remarks here he is on French radio this week admitting. He's a prisoner of his tastes, especially for young Asian women. The whole. I don't regret my remarks because they're purely personal like a love who I want, and I don't have to reply to court when it comes to taste his defiance may have fueled. The explosion of outrage in mockery, not to mention photos of over fifty bucks and other suggestive body parts on social media. Just one year and fourteen days left to sleep with yon walks. French comic, marina, FOSS lamented in a joking tweet. Former French president pulse while alone ex-girlfriend valley, clear Weller who at fifty three is clearly out of the running posted a topless cartoon of herself dedicated to the author. She shook. So we can. For her part over fifty radio humorous on home enough broke down. Crying would terrible us. She lamented. I'm not sure I'll get over it. And my buddy wasn't even great at twenty five salty. Salty Negra club the shock district permits regular manure even Miss France. Who has a ways to go before hitting the half century? Mark has waited to the controversy. Well, everyone's tastes personal Vilem. Shove told French TV walks has a problem in expressing his in fact, the authors tastes seem to fly in the face of French tradition. Think back to Napoleon's Josephine six years older than the emperor. The only thing that came between us was my debts. She was quoted as saying certainly not his manhood and consider some of today's French superstars Kathleen do nerve. So if you must sue Juliet be nourish all well past their apparent prime or Monica Baluchi who became a JAMES BOND girl at fifty and what about France's first lady plead my comb more than two decades older than the president older women have long been seen as. Cool. I think the women of fifty good lovely. The don't have the problems of being pregnant most of them are very open known that they couldn't be wonderful teacher. So you'll love us. Then he did on is an author in left coach who has launched a number of which he calls left cafes around the world. She thinks what's is airgun rude. But in her experience, he's not the only one looking for a younger partner. So are his female counterparts. Most of the time. I want me to not as as son but in the late thirty early forties. It's not a cold for for sex of Youngblood beyond. The fact of looking for someone who makes you believe you are still going. It's small about building a relationship for women with someone younger and sunny, but often and says the men eventually find women their own age. They learned a lot about. Love from their older partners who are often devastated by the split sociologist. Janine masseuse level has authored two studies about sexual life in France despite their historic reputation for romance. She says today's French are much more liberty to express themselves than their predecessors. President stall mayor lovers very important to them. But for many people, it's about pleasure. Desire and consent. Not conventions are religious limits listens level believes mocks as being provocative to stir up, publicity, and the author admits sales for his latest book have soared only a few personalities has spoken out in walks as defense, but sexologist and Psychoanalyst's clean blow. Not spoke only about his personal tastes. She believes the metoo movement against sexual violence has cowed possible supporters, especially men he victim. Okay. Connecticut's one. If actress Catherine Deneuve said men of my age pathetic. And I only like the young Apollo's. There wouldn't be a male backlash because they're already in the hot seat with the metoo movement. And despite the reputation of Latin lovers blown Belise French are essentially like everyone. Else to Gucci DOT. There's a whole culture of eroticism throughout French history. There have been great events around love and sexuality still. There's little dispute that many women over fifty are not missing out on love. Even if their next partner will not be yon walks again sociologist Mosul level vary. We see that women of that age have rich love and sex lives. Then not at all in the same situation as their mothers and grandmothers were today. Women of a fifty a young in than looks, and then lifestyles Lucy's level has an eight year old friend who is elegant in vibrant and looks much younger than her age. She's been having an affair for twenty years asked how she's kept her youthful. Looks her reply with simple making love three times a week. Lisa Bryant, d-w Paris. If you like to contact the show, we would love to hear from you. Our Email address is Europe D W dot com. This is inside Europe. And I'm Keith Walker and bomb Germany. This is inside Europe. And I'm Keith Walker and Bonn, Germany coming up in the next half an hour Finland is at the cutting edge of so-called, smart technology. We've as at one of its smart cities Helsinki to find out more when you're leaving you just push one button and switch of all the extra energy. I would placations you can also if you're coming. I k thing and you're feeling cold and you want to go to sauna on your way back to home. Just switch your so now on it will be ready when your whole easy for you to say if I had a sauna also on the show cash-strapped Greece resorts to crowdfunding to bolster its naval defenses. They story his on war coming up on inside Europe. From bonn. Gemini, you're listening inside here. The capital of Finland Helsinki has become something of a lab for smart city experiments, one of its districts fishing port is fast becoming the epitome of smart city living. It has unintelligent power grid and an underground waste system. Which also magically removes rubbish and channels at to a collection points, which is very clever if you want to turn your heating on or your coffee machine off, there's an up for us. Not just for the hip and young even senior citizens are at the cutting edge of smart technology as Mikhail Franson discovers has reported on smart cities and Finland as presented by Connor Dylan. That's our what the subway arrives right on time. Maya beckstrom steps aboard and takes off her gloves. It's a cold day in Helsinki Finland's capital. Maya is on her way to Toma the fishing port. The young woman works for forum Varia m- the city agency, which is tasked with making Helsinki fit for the digital age. She smiles apart from the water, there's not much left of what used to be the old fishing port today where fishermen once used to tie up their boats and go ashore to sell their catch. A new smart city quarter is being built a joint effort by the city and private investors, which will cost around five and a half million euros. By twenty thirty twenty five thousand people are expected to live in the old harbour district three thousand have already moved in Maya looks at her cell phone. It's about half past eleven and in a few minutes. She's going to see Rita a color Sodom veteran mile walks along the sidewalk and then stops in front of a multi-storey building. It doesn't look all that spectacular from the outside. But behind the red brick walls. This building boasts lots of high-tech equipment when you're leaving you just push one button and switch of all the extra energy application. You can also put your for example, soul on if you're coming from skiing or ice skating, and you're feeling cold and you want to go to sauna so on your way back to home. Just switch your so now on it will be ready when your home. Are if you're worried about leaving the kettle or the coffee machine on so you can check did you do that? And it's also a nice example, I heard from the researcher who was studying the people and the energy system like how they use it. It's so there was this couple who made jokes like if your home your partner in the bussey puts the lights off. Maya has been interested in four years. She wrote her thesis on the area as a case study of neighborhood, which has undergone radical change from a run down and dilapidated part of town to a high tech district where people are trying out new things for many years. It was kind of adventure. When you tried to find this activities, for example, there was and still is a cafe that was set up in the Remo most Ramones point, which gives you a very different into the city centre. And I remember going there and be like, wow. What have you? It's the whole new angle. So the tests have changed, and I think the city really tries to open more for citizen driven functions. Rita welcomes the door and wherever claims that Finnish. People tend to hide their feelings has not met Rita Kelly arena. She for one is pretty straightforward and very outspoken. We got out. She's a pioneer. She says not a veteran before. Mayan knows what's going on Rita has already disappeared into the study. A whom it Vasa poster is hanging to the right of her desk. And it reads in English imagine tomorrow's world. That's what all of this is about imagining the world of tomorrow. Wanted. The man on don't allow tunnel to imagining the world of tomorrow looking into the future. That's the motto of my life. I always look ahead. It makes no sense to be nostalgic about the good old times. I live for the future. Lord ella? Amherst. That's also why I moved to Sutton. Something new is being created here. And I can be part of it. That's great. That's actually the time McDonnell lock Davidson. This her curiosity is what prompted Rita to move to sorta five years ago that and these social housing policy in Helsinki. The so called sixty forty rule applies sixty percent of new development is available to the private housing market. While forty percent is reserved for people like Rita who. Although they do earn a decent living. Don't have a million and a half euros to spend on a townhouse. She pays six hundred thirty euros a month in rent for her sixty square meter apartment. Electrically internet and garbage collection are included the fifty eight year old chicks her head garbage collection. How old fashioned would that be? The smart city is way ahead in Tema. The garbage is automatically sucked through underground pipes to a collection point. That's bother. Bother mortal at Delman, we the people who live here have a say on how this area develops. I took part in three studies, including one about senior citizens. The university of Helsinki has developed a program that helps older people stay active. It was quite interesting. But the best study was the one they did on the new shopping center, and the people who run it asked me what I think of the plans it took a whole hour. They came back the next day to say, thanks for my import. That was very nice won't be don't there is your thirty year. Read it gives the visitors a tour of her apartment the decoration in her bathroom is quite special. Oh. Live my life. The walls are plastered from top to bottom with photographs newspaper clippings and souvenirs in the top left is an article from the nineties. It's a portrait of Rita titled the hermit that was published in a paper. It was written while she lived in an old guard house at an amusement park in Helsinki for almost twenty years on the right hand wall. There's a yellowed strip of paper. It turns out to be a ticket to the coma shy or opera house in east Berlin from a performance in the nineteen eighties. At that time Rita was working for a public radio station today. She's still doing radio shows online. Four hours of non stop Christmas carols three hundred sixty five days a year. This is only possible on you, Lou radio redes- Christmas radio station. She probably tells us that she has a million listeners online and one hundred and ten thousand fans on Facebook my effort of glances at her cell phone. She likes talking to Rita, but she has to head to her next appointment now. Finding your way around in Cossutta is quick and easy. Everything is fairly close by thanks to the smart infrastructure. Residents should save about an hour every day at least that's the idea of these smart city project. Leinna fought era is already waiting for Maya at the entrance to herself managed retirement home. It's called Koteishat Tema, which means homeport. There are sixty three apartments here and eighty four residents mostly women all of them tech enthusiasts. Leinna is the chairwoman of the association of active seniors information system, and we can manage it from our own computer and cell phone here. Also began the big touchscreen next to the elevator acts like a bulletin board. Here residents can log in with their smartphones and get up to date on what's going on. Or they can do it directly on the board. They can check to see which group is meeting where and when or what's on the menu today. Leinna a retired real estate agent taps the food button. The display tells her that cabbage stew is on. The menu today in the cafeteria, the other smart house and everybody here used a own computer, still we are this generation that we have to use these things already in working life. We have just one person here who don't want to use Email. Leinna. And the other residents are all very tech savvy, and they organize everything themselves from the shopping to the cooking and the cleaning. I show you our kitchen. It's very professional began not go inside because you cannot go with with those. That kitchen from that. The kitchen indeed looks very professional. There are speckling stainless steel cookers and automatic shutters at the counter of the cafeteria Leinna and the other residents had a say in how it was designed before they moved in two and a half years ago, they tried out furniture and a quick to fit it out the way they wanted from stoves glasses to chairs she laughs and says they tried some eighty different kinds of chairs before they were settled on the model. That's now used in the cafeteria. I'm sorry. I'm sorry. My granddaughter is coming. I have to open. Of course, her granddaughter. Leinna almost forgot her. Heidi is a teenager her schools on vacation, and she's spending the rest of the day with her grandmother later, they want to play cards and the Heidi comes by frequently to see her granny the teenager likes it here. She can go to the library and browse magazines or surf the web and listen to Spotify as long as she likes. Nobody scolds her here and she likes talking to the residents. They always have time for a chat. And of course, she likes being with her grandmother Leinna who made a conscious decision to move to a shared flat. I don't want to be all alone. I saw by my my my own mother who lived in the one family house in Espo if thinki- lameta from Helsinki, and she was so alone. Cheever so lonely there her last five years by very very miserable. Because. Of the loneliness. I don't want that alone. And I'm alone because my husband died two thousand seven, and that's that's why I wanted to come to the house where I have people around me. Lina walks along the hallway checking her smartphone. She's got laundry service today and explains that residents will soon get a smartphone app to control the washing machines, even from outside the house. That's very useful. Leinna says. My Linh her friend on the seventh floor is also looking forward to playing cards. My Len paid two hundred seventy thousand euros for the apartment here. It's about sixty square meters. And it's decorated with colorful Mari mecca cookie jars pillows and covers these spectacular view of the bay is free. And so is a variety of activities. The residents can take part in. There's a lot going on in this house. If you have Bharti's day should finish at ten o'clock in the evening as somebody through four in the morning, and that's also a big conflict. It's I was nuts. Yes. I still have one. Senior citizens who enjoy spending their nights partying Maya likes to hear these kinds of stories. The young scientist is back at the headquarters of forum barium, not far from the esplanade and esplanade in downtown Helsinki, smart city is functional and sustainable, this is the city of the future says maya's boss there Musto than most people in Helsinki agree, hasn't reputational smart city extra dates back. I've six seven years as we on one of the forerunners of open data, and from my point of view of the biggest accomplishment that will have gained through open data is that the city governance has become totally transparent, and for all the citizens, and there's almost real time of AOL ability of all this and making documents and also planning documents for the people, and they're kind of easy ways to find those in the internet. And so in that sense. There's so much more discussion on direct communication between the civil servants politics with the citizens. Vera, and her team are constantly working on new ideas to make Helsinki smarter. She points to the screen of her laptop this idea, she says works more or less like Airbnb using the app public or private owners can rent out areas. Anything from schools to saunas to libraries this way. The spaces are never left empty it sounded like a clever idea, but unfortunately, it turned out to be a flop find many things that do not work, and that's really the purpose of doing those kind of get the able to kind of accident rate the development of better services, better fit in the environment and benefit in that user needs. For instance, in Kossuth among we have tried out many sharing economy services at the moment. The for instance, one container where people can very cheaply rent any kind of tools. They may need in the homes like drills of very high quality vacuum. Generous for days sofas and things like that. It's a cheap service will available easy to use and still is not very much used. So that's kind of question that the request big behavioral chains, we don't have neighborhood culture, very strong here at the moment that people would ring the doorbell of they neighbors and ask anything it has somehow vanished. And maybe that's also something that in a bit longer on new technologies and kind of could bring back in a way on another. But it takes time it all comes down to trial and error almost one in three of color. Saw Thomas three thousand inhabitants have participated in studies and experiments including filling out questionnaires and taking part in discussions about the future of their district us our innovation lab, and we want to engage people there in doing things together with companies and and city on NGOs, and researchers and. Like kind of make people really to participate in what they are doing getting hands on the new possibilities or smart cities. And so we have created their ways for people to participate in our Pollock projects and experimentation projects that take forward smart city solutions, like smart, parking or smart lightning. And at the moment, we actually work into school provide a better solutions for the teachers and students. It's being more school. Yeah. They want to be smart in Cossutta Mus school of the future as well. For Yuka e Halloween the young principle. There is no question. That smart technology must be a part of the education system information. It's everywhere for we we use of technology, and we don't have to learn inside the school. We gotta go outside the school on unused technology and also that we get lots of information from this building. We will have some sensors. We don't have it yet. But there will be some saying that they can have information from this building, and they can use it for learning. For example, we have solar panels on the roof. So maybe next year, we will get some information about solar panels how the sun is shining helmets. Actress city will get from the sun. And then we can learn something about one running space. Not very traditional. So there's been backs on on all the tables are will. So it's easy to move on. Instead of chairs there are big beanbags and instead of classrooms. There are open learning spaces in many aspects this elementary school in Tema is different from other schools. We believe that we are learning for life who are learning twenty-first-century skills. So it's more about learning the skills than, you know, just the information and the knowledge because we believe it's already there you have to be more critical and learn how to solve problems together. And that's the idea and this this basis our crate for teamwork and Yuka sits down in the staffroom. He still has some paperwork. He needs to take care of. There are no assigned workspaces for teachers here. People sit down wherever there's room some of you because older colleagues find this. Bit hard to get used to his nine year old daughter Elsie on the other hand thinks it's great my kids school is very traditional. They have owned desks and straight lines, and it's very traditional school. And she always thinks why don't we have been backs? It's not just in Helsinki Tempera Finland's third. Most populous city is located a two hour drive. North of Helsinki topper is called the Manchester of Finland and the smart city concept plays an important role here too. All this. Able Peckham minister likes to welcome visitors outside the train station to present his electric information project. But today, it's minus twenty degrees celsius and too cold. Even for Pekka. So he needs the visitors inside the station. Cafe it looks like a film set by Finnish director, Ocoee, Kerris Mekki? The chairs the curtains a few guests, everything has a retro vibe. But don't be fooled Tomba is anything but retro. There's a good place for companies thought ups on big on Pekka says that Tomba was a head of Helsinki in developing concepts for the future, and he jokes that his city was already a hub for the internet of things before the concept was ever talked about in the capital. And of course, the city's cooperate for instance, when it comes to improving their digital information systems. Galling almost every day and say in for my son, helping it's like acting that goes themselves. It's really nice to work on. It's working fine. He like many other finish IT specialists once worked for the mobile giant Nokia. We have thought at the possibilities where we could put in for strains. Yeah. People coming from these door when they are coming from the train and coming Hammond gotta which is the main street so this locates on this definite. Joe base vehicle couldn't use that. But maybe this here probably will fly in one one case I ought to. And then think about the phone that what what is the perfect match for the like tourists, and citizens, and it could be sold that in some locations. We are showing more like information to raise than some locations. More information for citizens. Pekka is back in the main hall of the train station. He's looking forward to packing his bags to leave Finland to go on vacation to Gare real got. I beyond grows. It'd be. No by twin plus third even in a smart city. Technology is no use against icy temperatures. He says. That report by me. High Alfredsson was presented by Connor Dylan coming in just a moment cash strapped Greece resorts to crowdfunding to bolster its naval defenses. I'm Keith Wilbur in Bonn, Germany. This is inside Europe. Greece has left wing governmental, Alexis sip processes strapped for cash, and it's turning to taxpayers for donations. Yeah. Grace wants to both stir. It's ling- naval defenses against Turkey and buy new state of the art frigates. The scheme is unprecedented. And it's given rise to some wash over the base as the Sava reports. Many. Greeks are refusing to pitch in saying any nation would be a waste of money for a country in dire financial straits. It's the latest quickey plan by the country's eccentric defense minister honors come in. And it was contrived after plans failed earlier this year to Lisa pair of battleships from France facing growing arms race with Turkey Greece's desperately seeking to upgrade its forces boosting the capabilities of its existing fleet of about a, duh. Dozen outdated frigates under the crowdfunding plan, Athens hopes to purchase to mid-size worships, which the government is already negotiating with the French. In of all group. The cost is estimated at around two billion euros for the two frigates and especial fund has been set up for the donations to promote the crowd funding scheme. Mr. menaces promised to be the first pitch in handing over his January paycheck to the Greek navy, but the minister is banking on a bigger nationwide response. He wants rich shipowners and struggling Greeks alike to give whatever they can from whatever surplus. They have left from their earnings Greece's last. Major defense procurement took place in two thousand and three when the then socialist government upgraded the country's fleet with six frigates, but strangled by financial crisis of nearly a decade. Chris took a sledgehammer to the country's defence budget in twenty ten blocking purchases while. Slashing spending by some forty percent. Pots been so severe that at the height of the Greek recession. Dozens of navy ships were left without few supplies to conduct exercises and patrols in the Jin. The air force also was left barrow spare parts and engine repairs for its prized F16. jet fighters, Greece's slash defence budget of six billion remains among the highest with a NATO, but there isn't much money left to buy new and desperately needed quit -ment to upgrade. The navy's capabilities rival Turkey spends three times more and with Ankara continuously challenging Greece's writes in the Jian even threatening it with war. Mister manners hopes. The crowdfunding plan can provide a solution to Greece's defence woes Turkey has long challenged Greek ownership of at least eighteen miles in the gene. See although both members of NATO Greece and Turkey came to the brink of war in nineteen ninety six. Of a competing claims to barren outcrop in habit. Only by goats Robertson sheep in recent months Onkar, his threaten to wage war with Greece. If it presses ahead with plans to take greater control of the Jin extending its territorial waters to twelve mile range tensions between the rival states of also flared recently over drilling rights in the southeast Mediterranean off the coast of Cyprus, which Turkish troops invaded in nineteen seventy four leaving the island divided everson's whether Greece will be able to catch up Turkey's arms drive remains unclear but until then Mr. amenaces crowdfunding plan is proving a tough sow, and it's not because Greeks are resisting the national 'cause as it's being called. But they simply have no money to spare. They are saddled with the highest taxes in Europe and have been strangled with urgent payments imposed during the recession to pay down the country's massive debt. More than half, the country's taxpayers have gone broke with their homes in acids. Increasingly confiscated by the state because of rising rates of unpaid debts to the state several Greeks also seem reluctant to donate fearing, a new show of money laundering and corruption scandals that drove up the countries that decades ago leading to the existing financial crisis. Most Greeks is spoke to this week said they simply wanted the money to go to other resources to support Greeks who've lost their jobs and social services that have disappeared throughout the financial crisis with such a poor reception. The Greek government may have no other option than to look. Elsewhere for agent defense. Funds on oppa d-w Athens on fit for today. The program is produced with help from Helen Seaney. Find technician is Christoph Gruber. And I'm Keith Walker Frank you listening. You can also subscribe to the pub cast of the show. On signed CLYDE on Spotify. I tunes inside Europe comes from Germany's international broadcaster deep w in Bonn.
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Inside Europe 25.10.2018
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AP One Minute Headlines Nov 05 2018 15:00 (EST)
Trump's final campaign. Swing before. Tomorrow. I'm to Maguire. The AP news President Trump is in Cleveland his first three rally today for GOP candidates ahead of tomorrow's midterm elections. Trump out the economy is he calls for voters to back. Mike dewine for governor of Ohio. The people of Ohio are going to elect Mike dewine at a Republican congress. Keep America's economic boom surging full speed ahead. Trump campaign this afternoon and tonight in Indiana and Missouri, the Trump administration's new sanctions on Iran exempt, eight major importers of Iranian oil secretary state, Mike Pompeo, say says they included Lee Greece Turkey, India Japan, South Korea, Taiwan and China responsible to specific circumstances and to ensure a well supplied oil market Iran's amassador, the UN says the sanctions violate a unanimous Security Council resolution backing the twenty fifteen nuclear agreement. I'm Tim Maguire.
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