18 Burst results for "Tritium"
"tritium" Discussed on Heartland Radio 2.0
"Later wonder woman but I love Berlin. Three was the first one I has historical. I'm definitely going to Black Panther Black Panther deadpool in the dark knight really dead spider-man. Awesome deadpool over endgame. Yeah need a laugh we kind of. What did you say Spiderman twos fucking awesome? That's that's a real I Chris. Kirsten dunst dumps him out. Well you could argue in the first one which they do the upside down kiss she is nipping out. Big Messy but you know. I think I'm going. Endgame Dark Knight and Yeah GimMe Spiderman two. Who's the villain in Spiderman to fucking doc? Okay that's what I thought. That's a good one. I got tritium whose talk played by. Alfred Molina incredible Donna go dark knight and game. And I'll say deadpool I I kind of went Black Panther good that dark knight and game and I know this is. This is my turn some heads. I'm GONNA take Logan. I like good movie. I was thinking about taking jobs. But we got the dark knight so you don't eat double down on either picky three peak. What Keane clearly you know where I stand. As far as that argument goes feed me. Logan unbelievable that the one with Japan. No were trying.
"tritium" Discussed on Stuff You Should Know
"So chuck. We're talking about nuclear fusion and there's it's actually surprisingly understandable at its most basic core. Yeah you're fusing Adams is not the hardest thing in the world to wrap your head around. Yeah so with vision. We're splitting atoms. You're taking an atom and you're splitting its nuclei apart. You're splitting the neutrons and the protons apart from one another and when you do that one of the four fundamental forces electromagnetic force pushes them away and you get this burst of energy with fusion. You're taking nuclei from different atoms. You're taking protons and neutrons and your smashing them together. And when you do that you're unleashing what's called the strong force which appropriately enough is stronger than electromagnetic force which is why nuclear fusion yields more energy than nuclear fission. Yeah Einstein himself said you know each time. He smashed these things together. You'RE GONNA lose a little bit of mass and that little bit of mass is a ton of energy as it turns out that's right. The famous equals MC squared. Yeah and I don't think he realizes in nineteen zero five or maybe Einstein probably did yeah. Einstein probably did I will see did. Yeah so the problem is even though it is very easy to smash protons together There's a tremendous amount of resistance to that smashing together. They don't WanNa Smash Together. No because it's just like if you take a magnet to magnets. Yeah and you put the positive polls toward one another. They repel one another right. Yeah same thing. That's that's the same principle on an atomic level too. If you take protons which are positively charged particles and try to put them together they repel one another and the closer you get them together the stronger the the repellent force is the electromagnetic force right but if you can get them close enough. The electromagnetic force is overcome by that strong force the strong nuclear force and become bound together because the strong force is that one of those four fundamental forces of the universe and that is the force that keeps atoms together and that is the that force is stronger than the force that repels like charged particles. Yeah and when you talk about close they need to be within one time. Ten to the negative fifteen meters of one another right. So if you'll indulge me sure you're gonna read a bunch of zero point. Zero zero zero zero zero zero zero zero zero zero zero zero zero zero one meters apart. Afraid That's how closely have to be that's right To get them to accept one another into fuse. I've had the theory that if they they're not using because they think they're going to be made into a bomb and if we told them that creating energy they might be more willing to fuse together. Yeah because protons are piece Knicks. Everybody knows that sure. So when when they do fuse together right when you do cross that threshold. Strong force takes over and overcomes the electromagnetic force Like we said a a tremendous amount of energy is released and it's released in part in the form of neutrinos neutrons right which are right neutral particles which suddenly start carrying a tremendous amount of kinetic energy. So let's say you have One atom you got another atom and they're both like I'm not getting close to you. We're not going to get to okay. We got together. Yes that forced that that mass that's displaced is transferred through the neutron gets kicked off of the atom right. Yeah and is carried out now. Neutron doesn't have any kind of positive or negative charge it's neutral so neutron which means that it can pass through the very electro magnetic fields that are keeping this plasma where this reaction is taking place together. Once that happens. Chuck it can go out to what's called the blanket wall in a thermonuclear reactor. Warm it and that he is transferred into a water cooling system. The waters warmed up turned steam which generates a moves the turbine and then all of a sudden the turbines producing electricity. Yeah it's funny. How just it gets so complex but all you're still trying to do is create steam turbine. It's like hooking the I assess up to horse move it over there so there are a few types of fusion reactions The ultimate goal right. Now what we can do on a small-scale is what's called a Deterioration tritium reaction. Yeah that's the one that we can currently achieve. That's one atom of deteriorate and one atom of tritium combining to form a helium four atom and a neutron. Yeah the ultimate goal. I mean that's good and that'll create a lot of energy. But there are a few downsides. Tritium is radioactive for one Do you have to mine it from lithium? Yeah Lithium's fairly rare sure The ultimate goal is to to reach duty tyrian reactions which is to deteriorate. Atoms combining to form that helium. Three and a neutron. And you can get that from the seawater it's abundant Almost limitless And I couldn't find this but I think clean water can be a residual effect of this. Am I wrong? I don't know if it's if well you probably not injecting water but to get the deterioration. Nah I mean desalination plants. Are they key to the future as far as supplying the world with fresh water? Yeah I thought I saw somewhere where it was an actual byproduct but all right. Yeah but then I couldn't find it so I'm not sure if that's right or you know what you just jog my memory. I feel like in a hydrogen powered car water is one of the byproducts to maybe. So yeah all right. Don't quote me on that though The very least it's a great way to create energy right and you also can get Tritium from helium. I believe so even now with the the deteriorate tritium reactions that were working on. There's there's already a. There's a a work around you know like you can create a thermonuclear reactor. That's a breeding reactor to where the byproduct helium can be used to harvest more of the fuel you're using tritium in. Aren't we running low on helium? We are which is like remember when we were talking about in the the dirigible Zeppelin which one was it. How blimp work. Yeah and then a long time ago. We did one on Well the Mars Marcher yes. There is very clearly Helium shortage in the idea that we're just using it for party balloons rather than this is scary. Yeah and don't be confused. We say things like deterioration it sounds super complex. All that is hydrogen with an extra neutron. Yes an isotope yeah. So there's three isotopes of hydrogen and they're all still the same element. They're all still Hydrogen but they have different configurations as far as their neutrons go. So premium is a hydrogen isotope with one Proton in no neutrons deterioration is a hydrogen isotope with one proton and one neutron and tritium is a hydrogen isotope with one Proton and two neutrons. And like you said tritium is radioactive but the beauty of it is you need very very very little of it to to fuel a nuclear reactor and it becomes a stable helium a non radioactive helium in the reactor. So you don't have this leftover radioactive fuel also think they said there's an it'd be equivalent of the radiation we just see every day and walking around on the street right. Yes the background radiation. I believe I saw that too. The thing is is the parts to the nuclear reactor themselves will become irradiated over time. Apparently though compared to the kind of radio activity that's generated from nuclear vision This stuff you could just disassemble embarrassing. The desert for one Hundred Years. Go back and dig backup and it'll be totally inactivated so it it's the stuff that is radioactive extraordinarily manageable. Yeah it is in Like I said we don't WanNa make it sound like this is perfect there is They do predict the short to medium-term radioactive waste problem. And they say that's due to activation of the structural materials right the actual thermonuclear device itself. Yeah and while you don't need much tritium Even a few grams of tritium is problematic. But hopefully you know there's no accident although they say accidents with these If you just turn the power off it stops everything. It's not like a chain reaction can occur like vision Reactor there's not out of your control meltdown. Which also if you want to know more about that goes into our. How Nuclear Meltdowns Work Episode that was pretty good. We really sit right. After Fukushima but it applies to all vision reactors strike so the goal is ultimately deteriorate deteriorate reactions. Where you're clear whether it does and the reason why is again it's abundant fuel. You can get it from desalinating seawater and then Secondly it's radioactive at any point so it wouldn't make the the Thermo Nuclear Reactor itself radioactive..
"tritium" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary
"A new measurement women for the mess of the most common particle in the universe NASA finds the wreckage of India's crash Lunar Lander at it's all systems go for the launch of shops. All that and more coming up on space time. Welcome to space time. We'd Stewart Gary. Scientists have set a new upper limit for the mass of the Neutrino the most common particle in the universe. The new results indicate the train. I must have amassed list on one point. One Electron Volts. An Electron volt is a basic unit of particle energy. Angie the amount of energy gained or lost by a single electron accelerating from rest through an electric potential difference of one volt in a vacuum which is exactly one point. Six Zero two by ten of the modest nineteen jewel and thanks to Albert. Einstein's famous mass energy equivalence equation equals MC squared that. He's energy energy. Was Mass Times the speed of light. Squared the electron volt is also a unit of mass in physics and astronomy measuring the mass of this tiny particle. Could one to to answer some really big questions about the cosmos including Anti Madda the Big Bang origin of the universe and our cosmological issues. The findings reported in the Journal Physical Review Letters and on the pre press physics website. I cough dot. Org have have the previous limit of two electron volts obtains her direct measurements of Neutrino mass neutrinos at Elementary Subatomic particles generated through radioactive decay and stars in Supernova in nuclear explosions particle accelerators generators and atomic reactors. Then you train are so named because it's electrically neutral and because its rest. Mass is so small. It was long thought to be zero and having almost no mess. Means Neutrinos a capable of being accelerated to almost the speed of light neutrinos coming three known types or flavors electron neutrinos me on Neutrinos Tau Neutrinos H with their own specific properties. It seems each of the three Neutrino flavors is made up of a quantum mixture of three species so for example particular town you Trina with content. Bits of all freeman species. And there's different mess species allowing you to oscillate between the three flavors. For example an electron neutrinos produced through Beta decay. Reaction could interact in a distant detector as a meal town. You trainer. Interestingly although they have no electric charge neutrinos to have their own corresponding antimatter. Counterparts identified by the opposite Shirelles Shirelles. Handedness you Trina interact with other matter. Only through gravity and through the weak nuclear force in fact there so quickly interactive that several trillion capacity three Ryan now with that you even noticing researchers at the car through Tritium Neutrino collaboration in Germany determined that neutrinos mass must be less than one point one electron volts or five hundred thousand times less than electrons mass but analyzing the Beta decay of tritium a radioactive hydrogen isotope. which emitted in an electron any trainer by measuring the emitted electrons energies? It allows the authors to estimate the neutrinos masses. Well you all the space time time coming up next the wreckage from India's crash Luna Landa finally found at it's all systems go for the launch of chips now slated for December seventeen. Seventeen all that and more still to come on Space Time Nassar is found the remains of India's ill-fated Vikram Lunar Lander which crashed under the surface of the moon during a failed landing attempt back in September images taken. You can buy Nassar's lunar reconnaissance orbiter show the spacecraft's wreckage spurred over lunch debris field with pat scattered over almost two dozen locations spanning several kilometres. The discovery contradicts Indian mission managers. who had early claim that? Identify the location of the lander saying it was still in one piece but tilted at an angle. All the discovery of the shattered remains dispersed over several kilometres shows. That information was badly wrong. Vikram was fundable. The Indian Space Research Organizations Change Ray into lunar orbiter Chandra in two was launched back in July from the strategic one space it from the Bay of Bengal cursed by the nation's most powerful awful rocket that GSLV Mach three that mission achieved Lunar Orbit Insertion on August twenty deploying the Vikram land on September. The Sixth Vikram then began again. A fifteen minute descent to the surface aiming for attached down near the lunar South Pole around seventy degrees south latitude. Once on the ground it would spend spent a full lunar day. Approximately two earthquakes undertaking a range of scientific experiments. It would also deploy small six wheeled rover which will explore the surrounding landscape. However as the land of continued its descent it suddenly began deviating off course? At an altitude of two point one kilometers and then went silent highland the file telemetry readings show victims. Vertical velocity was fifty eight made it two hundred and ten kilometers per hour at an altitude of about three hundred and thirty maters now. That's unusually fast. Considering the ideal touchdown velocity was meant to be about two meters per second or seven point two kilometers per hour. Now all of this suggests that something had already gone fatally wrong by that point. Despite numerous attempts no further contact was made with the land or or it's rover India's. His Failure Analysis Committee let it concluded that the crash was most likely caused by some sort of software glitch. You're listening the space time still to come. And we'll take a look at the December solstice and the Rock Comet fate on which is about to provide its annual chimneys. Meteo shower all that and more still to come on space time okay. Let's take a break from show now for a word from our sponsor the great right courses plus sometimes we all need to take a break from that constant use cycle and that's where the great courses plus comes in not only is. Is it a great escape..
Weird Issues: Are comets asteroids or are asteroids comets?
"Used to be so simple. Comets were snowballs from the outer solar system and asteroids rocks walks from the inner solar system. But now everything's all shades of gray. STRANA found asteroids have behavioral comets and college the behave like Asteroids Pamela. Make sense of this for him. It's a continuum of objects that simply want to mock with our desire to name mm-hmm everything let's face it. Human beings like to put things in boxes and and this is a problem for us when it comes to the solar system because we used to think it was so easy we had trust real world. We had gas giants we we had asteroids. We had icy things and and it's all falling apart as we've discovered that well somewhere between the icy things in the asteroid. Things is a continual. And there's there's no discrete gap or anything no set the technical term icy things and asteroid things. Technically it's comet or send tour or Kuyper belt object depending on where they are and then of course the cloud. We need to stop naming things based on where they're located located right or just like trying to classify them don't judge just that's just gonNA drive yourself crazy so and then they're gonNA set off a debate on the Internet where people are going to yell at each other about whether poodles planet or not. And we're still going to have to hear about it now however the classic we're just GonNa go with Planet Classic Play Planet Classic. Okay all right so so then back. In the olden days of your What was an asteroid? It was a dry rocky. Object like killed the dinosaurs awards and exists in the asteroid belt. That in general is made of metals of carbons of silicates and and is dry. That was wrapped is where we started. Asteroids that you've got the the ones that are near the earth we've got the ones as you said in the main asteroid belt and then we've got the trojans interesting side note. Did you know that. There is roughly in the same order of magnitude as many objects in Jupiter's Trojan Asteroid Area as in the main asteroid. Bill Lloyd didn't that's is you know that either the I know until I was doing an episode about it in other the words the solar system has second asteroid belt. And you didn't even know about it. I mean we all knew the trojans were there but we didn't know that they work and they're not even third third. They're really just to clouds that Leonie Trail Jupiter like like yeah parade on procession around our solar I system and yet there is as many objects roughly as in the main asteroid belt. So anyway interesting thing I just discovered So okay so so. Asteroid Rock Metal Draw S.. What's a comet? Eight comment is a Blob of mostly Isis. So so here you have. Water is nitrogen ice dry ice isis. Things that can be liquids. It's Things that will become gassy tails and we knew that mixed in with that was some gravelly bets but it was considered to be mostly Salihi ice and cold Gucci does a great of she does a great science show where she will make a comment with yes and and and this is something that that astronomers have been doing for ages because you can get all of the ingredients to make a comment in a bowl pretty much. It's from your local grocery store. If your local grocery store happens to have dry ice and I it's just a little bit of Corn Syrup a little bit of molasses lassus dry some water some ammonia and then you grab a handful of dirt from the art right and that's a comet and so it's pretty pretty clear right like obviously one is a chunk of rock and metal rock or metal rock and metal rock or metal at the other is a chunk of water with maybe a little bit of dirt thrown in meet both in volatile ICES. When did this categorization and start to go off the rails? What some discoveries that were made that made this clearly problematic? Well one one of the problems was simply the story we had told ourselves about. Our solar system turned out to be wrong and one of the stories that we told ourselves about our solar system. was that all of the water. We have all all of the earth's oceans came to us through the bombardment of comets on the surface of our world but when we started looking at the composition position accommodates the waters that comets are made of. Don't match the water that we have here on earth so there is a sudden w T.F. If water what's wrong with you and a realization that all the water we've got had to come from somewhere else now. It didn't end there it. It never ends that simply said but but just like just before you move on so we know Oh that like based on whatever the deterioration the tritium is the ratios of of what are the kinds of hydrogen involve are involved in making water ready the ratio Samyong comments right and so. Have you sample the water in the earth's oceans and then you look at the samples that had been done in in looking at comet. They don't match perfectly. I mean obviously they both have water in them. But but it's like the initial recipe doesn't seem to match so it's to the comments couldn't have been the source of all of an and in fact having looked at multiple comets. It's if our water came from the as we so far seeing them typical comments. It still doesn't work so it it. It can't even be like the smallest fraction of our water. Came from comments So yeah it's not comments. Okay so the so then. We have a clue but that doesn't mean anything right just means that the water came from somewhere else. Maybe it was formed in place as the earth formed and then maybe it was a part of underground and in welled up over time as the Earth Glenham models. That's out there. But that's no longer the dominant model because we have another Attacker that has been identified. It's it's been realized that asteroids have water in fact they appear to have a lot of water and big astros like series may even have subsurface sees of water right so within how was how were these discoveries made well. It's it's been a whole combination of looking at nearer by asteroid looking things and realizing shoot. These are actually active. They actually periodically spray material outwards and thinking. Well some of them were just going to call. I'm dead comments. We're going to refer to these objects that clearly used to be comets. Their orbits change they got crusted over with stuff will blame them on being former comets comets and about works to a point but then we started doing things like sending probes out to visit asteroids and when we got to series. We saw cry of alcoholism going on there are massive features on series that appeared to be former role. Kano's that have now begun to slump and there's at least one. What appears to be still active volcano in place in the bottom of a crater and these this is salty stuff that's getting sprayed up and then settling down and crusting over the volcano that that it is
"tritium" Discussed on Progressive Talk 1350 AM
"Day to day experience. So I you're hydrogen has a boiling point of minus two hundred fifty two point nine degrees celsius. That's minus four hundred twenty three point two degrees Fahrenheit. That means anything warmer than that extremely cold temperature will cause hydrogen to boil off into a gas to make hydrogen a liquid you would have to cool it down to thirty three Kelvin zero Kelvin, represents absolute zero. That's when you essentially have no molecular movement at all absolute zero is colder than empty space, which is somewhere around two point seven Kelvin so thirty three Kelvin is toasty in comparison. But it still colder than anything gonna find occurring naturally on our planet. So on earth. Unpressurised pure hydrogen is going to be in gas form. And this is a problem because hydrogen is also the lightest element, the heavier elements. Earth's atmosphere will push down. And hydrogen will move up higher and higher until actually escapes. Earth's gravity. So pure hydrogen will float off into space, capturing hydrogen from the atmosphere isn't really a practical solution because of this. So hydrogen also has a strong tendency to bond with other elements and that's really another very important thing, so we can get to hydrogen here on earth, but it's bonded to other stuff, like two hydrogens can bond with an oxygen atom and form water, h two o so more on that in a bit as that's key to the challenge of making a working hydrogen economy is figuring out how to get hydrogen out of these compounds and elements and things not elements. But, you know, mixtures so there are three common isotopes of hydrogen, the ordinary boring pure hydrogen that we tend to talk about. Is called program, and that consists of one proton that is orbited by one electron. So the nucleus of pure hydrogen program. Isotopes is just a proton, then you have deteriorated that one adds a neutron to the nucleus soon. I've got one proton one neutron in the nucleus, orbited by one electron then you have tritium that's a radioactive isotope, and it has a nucleus with one proton, and two neutrons orbited by a single electron, this stuff does occasionally form earth's atmosphere, when cosmic rays interact with the air, but it has a pretty darn short half life. It's just a half life of twelve point three years. So when you pair that with the fact that it's superlight subtle of actually float off into space. It's also very uncommon for cosmic Ray interactions. They aren't super commonplace. There's very little chance for any significant amount of tritium to accumulate in the atmosphere before it decays back in sixteen. Seventy one a philosopher and intellectual named Robert Boyle was doing some exploratory research. He was using iron and dipping it into different types of acid, and he saw that the reaction in one of these combinations produce some bubbles, some gas many folks will call the father of chemistry, but this point his observe, -ation mostly just consisted of gas man in no anything..
"tritium" Discussed on The Naked Scientists
"The new treatments become available. Which is frustrating thing thing. The thank you very much for opening that dole for everyone worldwide anyway and opening a door on what you did in the nine thousand nine hundred thousand is pledged to have you. Thank you very much. We'll. We're going to move back to the bottle of the best snow and over to Luke. So I think one of the big changes we've had as a result of the the crisis we've faced with antibiotic resistance is starting to think differently about how we treat bacterial infections as it is two ways that that happens. So one transpositions where we give good books to fight the bad books. Right. And and trying to harness the good bugs in their microbiome as a way to stop infections, but also many odor disorders metabolic disorders can be affected by the microbiome. And so this approach of using good books is one of our major advances who have did we figure? So it was a good idea in the first place. It sounds as if a three year old could have come up with it. If you have a problem with your your good, let's take poof from a healthy person and give it to you. Maybe it'll make you better. And the reality is a lot of our treatment. At the moment. They are kind of crude to some extent because it is the simplest thought it was really only when we started to discover the complexity of the communities of of microbes that live in our goods that we started to think that this was even option, but at the moment, most of the treatments just take poo from a healthy person and grow the bacteria up from them. And then use basically a nasal DOD shoob so chew book true the nose and down into the small intestine to infuse the full community of bacteria in. But now, there's a lot more refinement. So we're starting to figure out well, which individual microbes are actually having these affect plus stadium dip seal faction, c diff a lot of you will have heard of three important hospital acquired infection kills a lot of people who come in for treatment with concert because their microbiome gets depleted by anti-biotics. And then they get infected we know the book in good Pooh that helps protect against that. It's another closely related. Species plus tritium Sinden 's that modifies are bile acids into secondary by lasts and those till c diff so it kind of works like a beaver dam plus tritium sin lives, very high up in our digestive system and converts are bylaws and lower down that suppressant seed if and very briefly is there anything else we can do to protect our books. Transfusions yet. We can we can try to eat healthy varied diet. One of the best things we can do to maintain our microbiome is varying our diet. And if we eat the same things all the time, the same books are going to grow more and more. And it'll be less diverse than otherwise. Yeah. That's one of the biggest things we can do more and more probiotics. That are useful. But you need to do your research on them. A lot of them are kind of pseudoscientific and there's not much evidence behind so. But there are some good probiotics out there. All I think it's probably the ultimate case of don't try this at home. Yes. Yes. Do not try do. Not try fecal transplantation yourself at home. There's been people who've ended up with infections as a result. Dr people who tried to do this. I do not recommend it this banks of healthy feces available to to be used for this brilliant. Thank you. Well from a best to another bizarre. Sophie, what if you go in you'll museum you'd like to volunteer. That's particularly bizarre. Yes. So I'd like to volunteer. The PETA scope has anyone heard of a PETA scope for one or two people Notting knowingly Notting a pedestal was also known as an x Ray fluoroscope..
"tritium" Discussed on Pet Life Radio
"Campylobacter cost tritium, and then we delved into just how important hand hygiene is which everyone knows it is. But we delve down into it and talked about the certain times where it should be the top priority. And then, of course, the big Kahuna, which is cleaning and disinfection and how to separate both of those to remove the organic material the dirt. And then make sure using that disinfection the way that it's instructed to do which is contact time. You gotta let it sit there. So it can work its magic. And then of course, we talked about carpets and and also betting to we definitely covered a lot of ground. But I think the last bullet point we talked about which is probably the. Most important one is how do we make sure we clean, but keep our pets safe? Read those labels. Make sure it has a lot of pets safe language on there. And make sure you rinse off that disinfection. So that you don't have that issue. Like, I had where a patient of mine. A boxer was licking the floor after had been cleaned with a disinfection and had a lot of floral alteration and a lot of your mouth. So we covered tons of ground today. I just want to go back and religion to all of it podcast family. Thank you so much for joining me during this episode. There'll be more exciting episodes with more incredible illustrious guests like Dr west of unsold. Until next time. We'll get a chance to talk again. And just remember there's nothing stronger than the human animal bond. Let's talk pets every week on demand only on live radio dot com. County yesterday,.
"tritium" Discussed on TechStuff
"Really a practical solution because of this. So hydrogen also has a strong tendency to bond with other elements, and that's really another very important thing. So we can get to hydrogen here on earth, but it's bonded to other stuff. Like two hydrogens can bond with an oxygen atom and form water h two o so more on that in a bit. As that's key to the challenge of making a working, hydrogen economy is figuring out how to get hydrogen out of these compounds and elements and things not elements, but you know, mixtures so there are three common isotopes of hydrogen the ordinary boring pure hydrogen that we tend to talk about is. Called program and that consists of one proton that is orbited by one electron. So the nucleus of pure hydrogen program. Isotopes is just a proton then you have deterioration that went adds a neutron to the nucleus. So now, you've got one proton one neutron in the nucleus orbited by one electron. Then you have tritium that's a radioactive isotope, and it has a nucleus with one proton and two neutrons orbited by a single electron. This stuff does occasionally form in earth's atmosphere when cosmic rays interact with the air, but it has a pretty darn short half life. It's just a half life of twelve point three years. So when you pair that with the fact that it's superlight subtle eventually float off into space. It's also very uncommon for cosmic Ray interactions. They aren't super commonplace. There's very little chance for any. -nificant amount of tritium to accumulate in the atmosphere before it decays back in sixteen. Seventy one a philosopher, an intellectual named Robert Boyle was doing some exploratory research he was using iron and dipping it into different types of acid. And he saw that the reaction in one of these combinations produced some bubbles some gas many folks will call boil the father of chemistry, but at this point his observation mostly just consisted of it's a gas man in..
"tritium" Discussed on The Jump
"He said, you do whatever you need to do, whatever resources you need, whatever changes you need to make at any level. I trust you, you do it. And in fact, when I laid out my one hundred day plan very early on, he didn't even want to see it. He said, I trust you, okay, but isn't it got into this position in the first place? So shouldn't you say yes, I wanna see it. I wanna see everything. The difference was that I really interview tritium right? Was there in just continue. I get the chance to talk to sets and I've sat met with sit more times in the seven months than I did in the first fifteen years. And so we got to talk a lot and but it was one after the talking that her hundred plan came to fruition. And in fact, we put a basketball court literally in our office and people laugh at it. And I don't know if Mark really knows this, but that basketball court was really for. Mark and to send him a message. We are the basketball team too, and so we're going to invest in this to just like you told us because the employee's complained a lot that they never saw him well. So we put the court there too, and said, okay, he when he comes in here, he'll come in court and so he can, you know, make a few baskets hang out with Suzy you to know that because he wasn't there, but it's different. It's very different now, and it's significant by the joking around it's significant because I think the same way people will come on how did he not know about a lot of the stuff when they read this report, but you're telling me there's so much separation with their separation. And also if you if you complain a few times and nothing happens, you stop complaining..
"tritium" Discussed on TechStuff
"On your power investment. That sounds pretty sweet, but eyder itself will not produce electricity at least not. I anyway, it's meant to be a research facility for the design. On and testing of fusion technologies. Now, if it were a fusion power facility and it was beyond research and development, the thermal energy generated from the fusion reaction would be used again to heat water into steam and push steam turbines just like a nuclear fission reactor, or even a coal power plant does though be really, really good at this because it would be producing so much energy. You could heat up a lot more water. You could drive more steam turbines than other forms of steam turbine generators. And so you could generate quite a bit of electricity from the amount of energy you are producing through these reactions in addition, because we're pretty sure we're limited to deter Tyrian tritium reactions. I would also serve as a test facility to look at the feasability of creating tritium breeder reactors. So a breeder reactor creates the materials you need for a different type of reaction. So the. Actor is in what is called a vacuum vessel, and that vacuum vessel will have lithium, blankets lining, the inside of it. And those blankets will actually absorb energy given off by this reactor during the fusion process. And as a result, when you bomb lithium with radioactive energy, essentially it produces tritium. So that way you could actually create part of the fuel. You need for future reactions as a byproduct of this process, and then you keep on going. But that's magnetic confinement. There's actually another way we could use to keep plasma confined, so that fusion reactions can occur and that is called an national confinement that one uses ion beams or laser beams to confine and squeeze the plasma. The national ignition facility at Lawrence Livermore laboratory in the United States uses that methodology and the. NIF reactor would use one hundred ninety two different laser beams to focus on a single point and it's inside a chamber. You've got this big chamber called the whole Rahm h. o. h. l. r. a. UM is the spelling for that and the chambers specifically designed for radiant energy that chambers, ten meters in diameter. It's pretty big. So what happens at the one focal point where all those lasers are aimed at? Well, that point will sit a tiny pellet of deterioration tritium and it's encased in a plastic cylinder. The one hundred ninety two laser beams.
"tritium" Discussed on TechStuff
"That doesn't involve irradiating other stuff. So I don't recommend taking it on as a DIY project. Also, tritium itself is radioactive as a half life of about ten years. So tritium is while deteriorate is not radioactive tritium is fusion, reactors would probably have to rely upon deterioration tritium reactions which would create a helium, four atom and a neutron. Now, if we could manage duty duty reactions, just fusing to deteriorate atoms together Dowd be for the best because that would produce a helium, three isotope plus a neutron and the results would be preferable to the deteriorate tritium because deterioration occurs naturally unearth means we don't have to make it. We can actually harvest it from the oceans. If we wanted to plus do Tyrian isn't reactive, tritium is. And the reaction would. Yield more energy than a deterioration tritium reaction. But on the downside, the amount of energy we would need to initiate a deteriorate. Deteriorate reaction is so great that it is prohibitive right now in possibly always will be. We just don't have the capability of creating that helium four by the way consists of two protons and two neutrons. Helium three is nice Tope. The only has one neutron with those two protons. So where's the problem? We know what's happening with Uson, but why can't we make it a reliable react? Or why can't we make a fusion reactor right now that produces more energy than it requires to operate l. I, you have to create the conditions that allow fusion to happen in the first place. Fusing nuclei together means you have to overcome the repulsive force you encounter when you try to smush together to particles with the same charge and by repulsive. I don't mean they're disgusting. I mean they repel each other. Like if you take..
"tritium" Discussed on Le Show
"Substances have been left unresolved from treated water at the crippled Phuc plant Cording to Kyodo news. The government TEPCO have faced the pressing need of dispose, disposing, such treated water now can tanks. One option is dumped into the sea. Of course it is tricky. Miss post, little risk to human health. The water does have tritium in it. If the plan goes through that water will be diluted lowering the levels of other radio, active materials before being discharged. But local fishermen and residents are worried about the water discharged, a government panel, debating how to deal with water has focused on the tritium not other radioactive substances. Like for example, I had I twenty one twenty nine a maximum sixty. Two becquerels per liter is. Found in the water far higher than the nine Becker legal limit that water filtered by the advanced liquid processing system parents. It's not advanced enough, not processing enough that's system is used to remove various types of radioactive materials. You'll be interested to know Ray I'd I'd I on one twenty nine has a half life of only fifteen point seventy million years stick around. TEPCO also detected a maximum ninety. Two becquerels of Rufina one. Oh six. That's shy. The legal limit of one hundred as well as fifty. Nine becquerels of techniques them ninety nine against the limit of thousand. Water has been injected as you know to keep the fuel in the damaged nuclear plants cool. But then the water becomes extremely toxic. Water is filtered tarred for tritium to be filtered trim refuses to be filtered around nine how much water because we're we're, we have all the water in the world, right? Nine hundred twenty thousand tonnes of tritium continue waters in some six hundred eighty tanks at Phuc TEPCO says it is not check the concentration of radioactive materials in each tank. You know, one tank you seen one tank you seen him all the government is examined examined multiple options to dispose of the tainted water, including the release of it into the sea, the atmosphere and the geographical layers come on guys, shoot it into space and be done with it. Mandatory steps to respond to possible terrorist attack. Other safety measures will cost eleven Japanese nuclear plant operators at least forty billion dollars because nucleus so cheap. That's according to an Esa. He Shimbun study the soaring outlays undermine a government claimed that nuclear energy will be the cheapest source of power in twenty thirty costs will increase year by year operators are obliged to strengthen their facilities to withstand a terrorist attack within five years of clearing more stringent regulations that were imposed by the regulators following Phuc regulations, limiting whether you can restart your plan..
"tritium" Discussed on TechStuff
"But typically in thermonuclear weapon, we're talking about hydrogen and hydrogen has different isotopes, right? There's deterioration and tritium. Yes, and this is all talk. Normally a hydrogen atom just has the one proton. Yes. But if you add the, if you start adding neutrons, then you get you. Deteriorate and tritium and deterioration is stable. If you have a deterioration Adam, it's stable. It's not going to decay. You can actually create water with deteriorating, but it will in enough in large enough amounts UTM it's toxic. So it's not something you want to have around you. Tritium is that heavy-water is that heavy? I, you know what? I couldn't tell you. All I remember about heavy-water is from Batman. TV show it would it went pretty sure that's not very, but then you think, you know it would make sense in a sense because you've got the neutron added, which means that the actual adamant self is heavier between any molecule created out of that atom that would take the place of the normal isotope or the the, the the, the natural state of that atom would be intern heavier, sorry, you can keep talking. This is one of those times when something didn't click to me until we were actually talking about it and I'll I'll see if I can find something man. I'm not a nuclear physicist, so I honestly can't answer all those questions off. Tom ahead but tritium is not stable. It will. It will decay rela relatively quickly. So it's a bit of a challenge. But what? What is it Chris? You? Yes, right. D two, oh deterioration. It's water made with deterioration. There you go. And so trying to create a fusion bomb is a little bit tricky because. Tritium is one of those elements that is typically used in these, but it is not. It's not easy to store and it's got a very short half life. So. So if you have this problem with storage and how do you keep tritium stable so that you can have fusion reaction in order to start off the vision that's going to ultimately lead to this destructive force? Yes. Scientists came up with a a fairly creative solution. I, they created a lithium rate, which is a solid compound, and it does not have the problem of undergoing radioactive decay at room temperatures. Normal temperatures or even, you know, warm will operate temperatures of nuclear bomb until you that needed. We've got a bit more to say about how nuclear weapons work. But before we jump into that last segment, let's take another quick break to thank our sponsor. Hey, guys, how did you sleep last night? I find that if I don't get the right number of Z's I am just not effective at what I do. I need a nice full night's sleep in order to do my job. Well, one solution to having rough night's sleep is getting a new mattress. And that brings us to our sponsor purple mattress..
"tritium" Discussed on Bad Science
"Fusion an reaction deterioration fusion reaction yeah i'm a scientist nice scientists yeah so does that make sense is that how that will work yeah yeah so you can actually fuse anything together any kinds of atoms together you just need that much energy we pick hydrogen because it's the lightest element so it's supposedly the easiest to fuse and deterioration with that is is an isotope of hydrogen so there's basically an extra neutron it's heavy hydrogen hydrogen and yet you can definitely d d fusion where you fuse to deteriorate atoms together is a very energetic source actually do we use that for anything now yeah we we actually do defusion fusion in the lab at the niff and if you count the number of neutrons i come out you know exactly the number of fusion reactions that happen the other type of fusion we actually do deteriorate tritium trillion with tritium yeah new vocab word new word it's actually slightly heavier than determine because there's two neutrons in the nucleus instead of just one and deteriora tritium releases actually slightly more energy and it's actually a little bit easier actually i take that back it's not easier initiating but it generates more energy than the deed as so booker true name tritium to review that's what i said and are there real world applications have can does this happen somewhere there's a number of real world applications besides just energy as clean energy we have deteriorated tritium inside our nuclear weapons fantastic so you only for you went there well i mean these sound really cool and clean and so why don't you know planes and cars and all of this like are we going to transition at some point to this kind of thing or because from what i understand the way that my car runs is not clean and it's expensive and i hate it so how far are we from something else and what would it be question mark well we have to demonstrate it in the laboratory i mean we have to do that once and never been done what do you mean so we do fusion on a daily basis and using all our lasers we easily get ten to this more than ten to the sixteen reactions each time we do an implosion but that doesn't mean we're actually generating enough energy out it's not more than we put in so it's not an efficient cycle yet ochre yeah so we still got to work on that and until we do that can't say can't see it in your car anytime san also unless you want to drive around if for now i mean really big car it'd be down yeah jacuzzi in there and dance floor apartment building yeah rented i love it that's true radiation being waste from these reactions is that does that make sense what i said yeah i mean for us that the byproduct from a deteriorate tritium fusion reaction is helium helium and energy that's why it's claimed that and that's why there isn't any higher higher level nuclear waste where where does that come in one is that a worry that comes in with fishing oh vision look everything's a problem with vision and primarily it's because when you break down your heavy element the other elements that you have that it breaks into may not be super stable still be radioactive still producing energetic stuff that's coming out and you have to do something with it that's the waste so imagining waitress i mean yes far as i know bed i'm making up as we think of a uranium think of a hydrogen atom it's just like one little balloon right is this one and so we.
"tritium" Discussed on Around the Horn
"Out him liked it better the second heard it to hill it's the point showed up to breaking your chain on a slide leaving diamonds on the diamond you're gonna make the automated fine to keep the situation here because that's that's not even cesspit that's that's verified up yeah i've totally would make that argument and i would say that everyone watching that who's lost at erie just felt that on guttural level we know what happens that's why you have to be careful about wearing that kind of jewelry in this kind of gay that you find it you keep it i've never lost i've never owned a diamond but you tell me if you drop the dime airing some out fell out of here and i pick it up it's my i'm good you told me you're okay with that that's wearing doing play baseball i what i get somebody lost the diamond once it was attached to an engagement ring found its way outside the bathroom laguardia airports bill the end of winter circle like a lot of people watch the nfl draft i was very happy to see ryan say's ear make an appearance as a little uncomfortable in some regards as you have some young man there who are about to enter their nfl professional lives and then they see what can happen i thought the pittsburgh steelers though did a very classy thing they convert it a ryan shazier two thousand eighteen salary into giving basically so it's good to see that they're being classing tritium their best players as well as.
"tritium" Discussed on Mac Power Users
"So that i think i can talk about it here on the show so how the i'm i take a i i use the forecast view quite a bit you know see what's do now what's coming up my guess of the forecast you for you now is completely useless then not necessarily you don't have any dates i think well no because there are certain things that do have dates on them still and um like igf flag tasks are the ones that are more important than others that's the only level priority i need is one level so i use flags and some of those i will defer out to a future like all have a flag task today that says called his lawyer about that settlement agreement and i know that i just sent him selma growing yesterday i'm going to give him a couple days off all defer it out two days and that will show up in the um and the forecast mode in that way but you know the other projects that don't have a priority attached to them aren't going to be tracked in that way so i make sense yeah it does just seems like a lot less now there yeah exactly when you go through omni focus to see what you have to do but what are you looking for now are you looking for context are you looking at to me it seems like now you're going to have to look at a lot more places to figure out exactly what it is you need to do so are you having to be more proactive about going through and making yourself a hit list of things to do each each day in how do you figure out exactly what your priority list is of things to tackle flow the priority list is anything that's flagged is a priority and i use flags more often than i was doing it before because of this but it's not a ridiculous amount of flags probably across my entire library i have maybe sixty flagged items and some of them will have deferred a weeks or months away but their super important when they show up for me so in that way i'm using the flagged items tritium same way treated everything before.
"tritium" Discussed on Science in Action
"That they most likely have been producing tritium and in fact the north koreans they often signals things you you never quite know exactly how does take their pronouncement because many of them have a lot of propaganda associated with them but they gave the first indications of having been since fusion reaction in two thousand ten and then they told us in two thousand sixteen that that test was a hydrogen bomb in it could quite possibly have been one of these goose that fishing bombs but for the boost the deficient bonds as well as the hydrogen bombs you need to you and yes they have the capability to make tritium and particularly the way that you produce tritium is you start with lithium6 due to ride in other words a hydrogen isotope compound of lithium and you put that in the reactor and that will make the trip for you and we concluded a year or so ago that they have been able to do that they'd most likely not produce tritium tom he's been impressed by the atom bomb was invented either america because boss country with brazil's and huge amounts of talent none of which supplied to north korea mullahs concepts of an and boom was invented by two german immigrants to the uk africian pose in the first pels memoranda but carry it through two mummy oh you obscenity county three but the point i'm trying to make here is that the brain power behind it doesn't require you know the resources of estates to come up with the original idea and of course not so where do you been done full north korea they know it's possible on because in the times of the soviets north korea relationship before soviet union became the rush renowned love the north korean nuclear scientists and engineers will have trained at russian institutes the best of north korean scientists and engineers we have no reason to think there'll be worse than anybody else yes north korea's national resources are limited but if he prioritise this over anything else if you put his top of the pile than there's no reason why the resources that you need couldn't be that is one thing to set off a bomb in a case some way and make things rattle is another thing too sets off.
"tritium" Discussed on No Such Thing As A Fish
"And she masing person and they did a broadcast between the international space station and the white house the oval office so trump in vancouver and another astronaut was vancouver everywhere she tritium parts and she was going to fly the thing he so there was a chance that was going on between them and you could see both at the same time ends there was this moment which there will be confused about the not sure if trump was joking they were talking about he said what are we gonna get to mars and peggy said well we're we're doing all these amazing of research up here and down on earth and we think by twenty thirty years we could start getting too and he says no i think we need to do in my first term it'd be disappointing of his and my second term but that still okay and so she was like and but then people at nasser like did was like a jfk moment that he didn't mean that we have to do we have to get to mars threeyear but we would but we've got nothing to where it was weird broadcast appoints or what's most of it trump just suddenly gets bored issues looks quite board talking to astronauts in space and he also looks like he's thinking i wonder what studio in hollywood there filming the said like i imagine he's a honeymoon land and higher at each as the you know there i know you guys they she discussed the thing didn't they he asked about how you way which with the trump era thing with the us.