35 Burst results for "Tobacco"
US says oil, gas sales damage climate — but won't stop them
"A congressional committee wants to know whether the oil industry concealed evidence about the dangers of climate change the house oversight committee issued subpoenas to chevron shell BP America Exxon Mobil the American petroleum institute and the U. S. chamber of commerce this follows a hearing last week in which top oil executives denied that they deliberately misled the public about the risks of global warming several lawmakers compared last week's hearing to a session with tobacco executives who once famously testified they didn't believe nicotine was addictive the committee's chair Democrat Carolyn Maloney says the companies have not turned over documents they need Republicans on the committee accused Democrats of partisan theater ExxonMobil CEO Darren woods testified that his company's public statements on climate have always been truthful fact based inconsistent with mainstream climate science Jennifer
FDA authorizes first e-cigarettes, cites benefit for smokers
"Called Buse and it's made by RJ Reynolds the FDA says Buse helped smokers to either quit or significantly reduce their use of cigarettes this is part of an attempt to bring scientific scrutiny to the multi billion dollar Peiping industry after years of delays last month the agency said it had rejected applications for more than a million E. cigarettes and related products mainly because of their potential appeal to underage teenagers no decisions have been made yet on the market leader jul the FDA's decision only applies to views is refillable solar power device and its tobacco flavored nicotine cartridge at Donahue Washington
Free Beacon Reports Democrat Budget Proposal Increases Taxes on Lower Class
"There are huge tax increases in this apparently proposed bill targeting the poor and the lower middle class As explained in the free Beacon a great site the Democrats budget proposal relies on a $100 billion tax hike that disproportionately targets the poor Lines the pockets of organized crime and increases inequality The plan doubles the federal tax on cigarettes Which would break Joe Biden's promise to raise taxes only on those earning more than 400,000 Households with an income of 35,000 or less smoke at three times the rate of households with incomes of more than $100,000 a year Richard meringue say 27 year veteran of the bureau of alcohol tobacco firearms and explosives who worked on gang violence at a tobacco tax increase will punish vulnerable communities Your punishing lower income people which the administration promised a Whitney said you're punishing the police departments I want to push towards reform You're punishing the states or organizations that truly have the tobacco harm reduction strategy to keep it out of the hands of kids and criminals You can not have a healthy community that's not safe A tobacco tax hike would put a dent in the state economies that rely on tobacco production And it goes on And so there's actually more than this It's more than cigarettes There's a massive increase should your children inherit property They want to lower the cap to three and a half $1 million that you can give in terms of gifts Or upon death to anybody and everybody They aggregated So if you have a small business you're not even that liquid maybe you pull down a hundred 153 100,000 a year but you keep pouring your assets into the business to grow in and sustain it And you die and it's for a $7 million a year Well guess what Anything over $3.5 million a year is going to be taxed at almost
"tobacco" Discussed on Energy Thinks with Tisha Schuller
"I think under ministration. We're going to see not just disclosure laws but requirements to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and. That's gonna happen across the world so it's not just one jurisdiction but multiple jurisdictions and so if any of those signals weren't heard they should be heard now because it's really time for The sustainability guy who may be working on a couple of awards in reports. Nice to do stuff to be invited into. The cease weighed about just to understand. What are the data. Where are we heading and then to really get into some strategic level conversations about how energy companies can switch and change. And this is a very very you know like i said existential change for these companies and it may be a terrible analogy but i'll use it anyway Think about what you know. Tobacco went about ten years ago You know twenty years ago now. But they're still selling tobacco rights. People are still using it. You know you're advocating in making you're making a product that you're advocating against Which is a really really difficult thing to do so to go through that kind of mental shift and then go through it on a strategic level where we actually planning out your investments is is a big big change that i think most companies haven't even encountered yet but as we mentioned the first question they're being forced to and so rather than being forced to by others. I think it's now time to really go on that. Strategic retreat brings some directors. Bring the board together and start having those conversations. I think you're you're really laying out the difference between a force reactive strategy which worry have observed. How how that goes and A proactive strategy particularly for companies. Who are maybe smaller. And and more of a Perhaps less exposure because they're midstream. Oil pipeline company the time to be thinking about the rule in the energy future as opposed to waiting for investors plus regulation plus public opposition to make operations impossible..
Understanding the Role of the South African Medical Research Council
"Professor charles parry is the head of alcohol and drug unit of the south african health medical research council this organization reports directly into the department of health and has the overall goal to improve the health. That's the nation began king professor power to introduce himself a thank you. I live in kicked on south africa. My job. I'm the head of the southern research council alcohol tobacco and other drug research unit. I married. I have a son and daughter and i live in point and kick tom and for fun. I am long distance runner so or five times week. Either road running on the mountain. So that's what. I i do to keep felons in my life while you're in a beautiful possible to running on. I'll look at the on the promenade. So this organization that you've been working for thirty years. I thought it was so long about. What are the objects you so of the south african research council the medical research cobbler spurs was modeled. After the british. Emma's see so we have intramural research units and extramural units or tweet funded at universities and refund fund. What will self initiated research. It's it's a funding agency. And it was a conducts research and there are about lebanon twelve different intramural units to focusing on noncommunicable diseases infectious diseases burden of disease. And i hit up one looking at alcohol tobacco and other drug use and that we we're very very active in south africa. The the aim is really to improve the health of the nation. We we're set up by parliamentary grant so we also to parliament and we report to the the ministry of health
Research Shows It’s Never Too Late for Cancer Patients To Quit Smoking
"New research by the World Health Organization shows when cancer patients stop smoking they heal faster experience fewer side effects from treatment and lower the chances of tumors returning doctor Mike Fiori the director of the center for tobacco research and intervention at the university of Wisconsin school of medicine and public health says it's never too late for patients to quit we now call smoking cessation S. fourth hello our cancer care along with chemotherapy surgery and radiation therapy quitting smoking has almost an equal impact is those other approaches a twenty seven million dollar national Cancer Institute program is helping fifty three cancer centers integrate tobacco treatment into care I'm surely after
Tobacco CEO Sees End to Cigarettes in Britain in 10 Years
"A tobacco company CEO is talking about the end of cigarettes in Britain yes the culture because the CEO of Philip Morris international the company that makes Marlboro cigarettes for overseas sales and was spun off from the tobacco company Altria in two thousand eight to focus on sales in emerging markets he's quoted in British outlet mail on Sunday saying the tobacco company foresees an end to its sales of traditional cigarettes in Britain within ten years asked if Philip Morris will stop selling cigarettes in the U. K. within that time he was quoted as saying absolutely check says the company's Marlboro brand will disappear from Britain for years Philip Morris's set its future shifting to electronic devices the British government has said it wants to end smoking in England by twenty thirty I'm Jennifer king
Does the Landmark Opioid Settlement Do Enough to Help?
"We just mentioned the opioid epidemic. This week, four of the world's biggest healthcare companies, including Johnson and Johnson reached $26 billion settlement for their role in the opioid crisis. These corporations made and distributed huge quantities of prescription pain pills at a time when addiction and overdose rates in the U. S were surging. So what happens now? NPR correspondent Brian Mann reports full time on addiction and is with us now to walk us through this complicated deal, Brian. Welcome. Thank you so much for joining us. Thanks for having me first. Could you just go over the main points of the settlement? You know these companies the drug maker Johnson and Johnson and also these three big drug wholesalers, AmerisourceBergen, Cardinal Health and McKesson They've agreed to pay a maximum amount of $26 billion, And as part of that agreement, a huge percentage of the money will go to drug treatment programs and social service programs. Health care things like that, and negotiators say this is a big improvement over the tobacco settlement of the 19 nineties. Where, if you remember, a lot of the money has been siphoned away by governments for other things not used to reduce smoking. So this money would be paid out over 17 years, and supporters say that will mean a steady stream of funding for programs that might help with this long term process of ending. This devastating public health crisis. Now two states Washington State in West Virginia, have already announced that they won't sign on to this national settlement and the city of Philadelphia has also rejected it. Why, Why is that? Is there something that they say is missing? Yeah, For one thing, there's no admission of wrongdoing by these companies or their executives, You know, as part of this wave of lawsuits against these corporations that got deep into the opioid business. We've learned factual details about how they flooded communities with pain pills. They kept growing that drug pipeline even as addiction rates and deaths grew. Internal documents from some of these firms showed that at times executives joked about the people suffering addiction. And a lot of these officials who reject this
Food Addiction Is Solvable
"I'm excited to talk to you. Because we're going to a place where people are trying to lose the quarantine fifteen kind of eating. Whatever over the lockdown months and people's relationship with food right now is probably at a very pivotal moment. So one thing as someone who like. I've struggled both with weight. Probably most of my life and my relationship with food and i also struggled with the idea of food addiction as it feels impossible to be addicted to something that your body needs and you talk about this in your book hook. Yes so being addicted to food was a really good thing for most of our existence or forebears putting on body. Fat was a really good thing because in enabled our brains to grow and able to speak with your hard times and have more offspring which is kind of what life is all about right but the problem is the nature of our food was changed so dramatically by the food companies in the last fifty years. That suddenly what was really good for us became really problematic. How would you define addiction. And why food can be addictive despite us having to eat to live. I spent time with evolutionary biologists for this book because it was really kind of trying to figure out is is addiction. Really kind of the right word. And is it really fair to compare you. Twinkies and oreo cookies was cigarettes and alcohol and even some drugs and so spending time though with these biologists i came full circle. And now i'm convinced at anyway. Food products are even more problematic. There is some precedents to the food. Industry called the tobacco industry for decades. It vehemently denied that smoking was addictive. Writer put all scientists who work on added. It's it's it's lobbyists and it stops your officials in its cetera. Well in two thousand something really fascinating happened. Which is at philip. Morris completely flipped around and said okay. You've got us. Smoking is in fact addictive with throwing in the towel on that. What was so interesting about the for me. Is that philip. Morris at the time was also the single largest manufacturer of processed food through its purchase of the old company general foods and then craft and then nabisco which made oreo cookies and that's same year. The ceo of the company was asked to define addiction in some legal proceedings. His well
Fifty Years in the 'Baccer Field
"An issue little k- betray here. You see that retire Forty fad When i won't say do enslow one. Ats would when you make a rash waller. So i know. I've had four people didn't heed do you ever did you ever grow. Tobacco did what did you do. The backer i growed barely in and i grow feels really. You grew commercial. Yeah yeah i. That's what i'd done farming besides my tobacco. That's the voice of mr roy. Clark not to be confused with the roy clark from the show he hall this. Roy clark lives in county in eastern tennessee in the heart of the smoky mountains which is arranged inside appalachian range east of his front porch. You can see. The high ridge line border of north carolina into the north. You'll hear the intermittent sound and muffled barks of his hounds. I've never seen mr roy. Not wear overalls. It seems he has an everyday pair and is going out pair. The ladder looking sharp in new. Mr roy looks like he could be from ireland in his younger years. His hair was red. But now it's faded shade of grey and white he seventy two old and he's living relic of times past. And you have to take my word for this. He's a bear hunter amongst bear hunters. He's dedicated his life to raising training and hunting bear hounds. He has a rich history with the american plot. Hound a breed of big game. Dog endemic to the appalachians.
The Story of the Bloody Benders: America's First Serial Killer Family
"Eighteen seventy one. The family built a small one room. Cabin a barn corral. Doug well inside the cabin. The area was partitioned with a large canvas. Creating living quarters in the back and a small in store in the front accrued sign was hung above the front door that advertised groceries supplies like gunpowder food liquor and tobacco. It also sold hot meals and provided rooms for the night to transient strangers but again not for shadow. This too hard the transients were not the ones to be afraid of the people that stayed at the in on their way to start a new life. Move by land. Whatever we're usually carrying you know some cash on them. Maybe their life savings and they began to go missing. When friends and family started looking for them they could trace them as far as the big hill country of southeast kansas before the trail went cold. These first few missing travelers. Were like you know no big deal. This is the wild west people. Go missing all the time. Travel at your own risk but as more time pass. The disappearances became more frequent by eighteen. Seventy three rumor had it that you did not want to travel the south kansas trails when rumors got even bigger about seventy five people from the community gathered to see what can be done about their bad reputation. Both bender men were in attendance. The meeting began by talking through the people that were reported missing including a well known. Doctor named william york. The group decided to search every farmstead in the area. Most the ten days really involved really wanted to get to the bottom of it and volunteer to have their farm searched. The benders kept quiet sometime later. A neighbor of the vendors notice that the bender in was abandoned and their farm animals. Were dying a search party was soon formed which included the missing. Doctor york's brother when the men arrived at the property. They found the cabin pretty empty. The also noticed a terrible smell but the most concerning thing. The men noticed was adore nailed completely. Shut on the floor of the cabin. The men of the community pride the door open and found a six foot deep bloody hole the source of the odour. There was nothing else in the whole though then. The search party decided to physically move the entire cabin to do a more thorough search underneath but they found nothing. They kept digging around the cabin especially in the nearby vegetable garden the orchard. It was there that they found the first body buried face down. Its feet barely covered in. Its shallow grave. It was dr william york. His skull crushed throat cut.
Azerbaijan GP Practice Results as Perez, Verstappen Dominate P1 and P2
"This weekend. Formula one returns tobacco azerbaijan. And a wreck has topped the timesheets. Embrace sessions with max In the one and sergio perez fosters imitate to optimizing back year. The drivers wreath minyard's themselves with the track and clearly trying to determine whether they could push by how much with multiple causes ended up for me escape birds and also a few spins but in max zappin set the fastest time. The one minute forty three point. One four eight of the soft followed by the ferraris of show class and call signs. Daniel ricardo had a good session finishing p five while source spin from his teammate london. Norris but fortunately there was no damage later in the day. Sergio perez the times with one for two point one in f. to attend ahead of his teammate. With staffan by bicol assigns. A red flag was brought out when nicholas the. Tv's call came to a stop to to the engine overheating. i'm not signal at the end of his session. Despite setting solid times throughout the day charlotte took a trip into the barriers at ten fifteen which resulted in him. Losing the front wing and bringing out the safety car an usa interrupting the software runs a face behind him. Offer disappointing weekend in monaco. Things want looking great for mercedes today with lewis hamilton. Even coming on the ray j during the second session of the day saying but he doesn't know what the time is an f. p. one hamilton finish p. seven and voucher us ten whilst. Fb to neither mercedes made into the top ten how much and finishing p eleven a second over pace of such a peres while tasks was down in peace
Why Loira Limbal Spotlights Invisible People in Her New Film
"Director and producer laden knows the power of showing rather than telling her newest verite film through the night. Almost three working moms was lives all intersect at a twenty four hour daycare center. It is a compelling portrait of the care economy and the love and strength is demanded of working moms lord. I thank you so much for doing. This is my pleasure. Thank you for having me a watched. The doc i loved it i cried. I think this entire pandemic has just brought into focus. What what moms are up against. What caretakers are up against the amount that we rely on our caretakers in order to build our own career. So i don't know that this documentary could have come at a better time Kind words means alive. It does it really. Does you know you have to think i. I haven't seen the film with audiences who were supposed to premiere beckham last april and tobacco's cancelled so i have yet to see the woman audience so every time someone shares. Do you know their thoughts about the shown in mike holding onto that feedback for dear life because all i have to go on and the answer of the timing is just sort of ironic and serendipitous all the things combined because we started working on the film and twenty sixteen so it really was long before coded were wanted to highlight the importance of the people in the shown their lives their labor because it was already over loved in undervalued and then with the pandemic which is really need of it fair for everyone to see.
"tobacco" Discussed on EDMlivesets & Podcasts
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"tobacco" Discussed on EDMlivesets & Podcasts
"And on a third I'm fine baby museum. Thank you get his head thanking him. he'll go.
The Deaths of Dennis and Norma Woodruff
"On october. Eighteenth two thousand five in royse city. Texas todd williams had been called to the home of empty nesters. Dennis normal woodruff to perform a welfare check. No one including the couple's college age children had heard from the woodruff's in two days. This was very unusual and the family was concerned when tot arrived everything on the property looked normal. He tried the doors but they were locked from the inside. Todd was told to check on. Dennis enormou- by any means necessary. So he broke into a window and forced his way into the house. What he saw shook him to the core. There were dennis. And norma sitting on the sofa with a soupy black blood pooling between their bodies. They had been shot and stabbed multiple times. The couple was propped up like to slaughtered rag dolls. There was no sign of a struggle. No signs of a break-in norma's hand was dangling over her head like a broken branch while dennis still had his tobacco spit. Cup clutched in the palm of his lap. The tv was on flashing light onto the cardboard box. That denison norma were using as a makeshift coffee table. The small town of royse city and never seen a homicide this brutal and senseless before
FDA Moves to Ban Menthol Cigarettes and Flavored Tobacco Products
"Light up plans are underway by the Food and Drug Administration to ban menthol flavored cigarettes and all flavored cigars more from Kathy Foster. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Smoking is the leading cause of preventable death in the U. S. And One study, conducted by the Food and Drug Administration found that a ban on mental cigarettes could potentially save more than 630,000 lives by 2050 acting FDA Commissioner Janet Woodcock says Because of that, the next year the FDA plans to work toward issuing tobacco products standards that will be in mental and cigarettes. And ban all flavors, including mental in cigars, Woodcock says banning mental the last allowable flavor and banning all flavors in cigars will help save lives, adding methanol acts like a drug when smoked aesthetic properties and qualities that help mask the harshness and irritation of tobacco smoke. Flavored tobacco, including flavors found in some cigars and cigarillos make smoking more appealing by reducing initial aversive responses, according to the latest available statistics released by the CDC. More than a third of all cigarettes sold in the United States were mental flavored. Studies also show that methanol can especially believe young people to become regular smokers, since the flavors may make it easier for beginners to try tobacco. Furthermore, FDA tobacco products Director Mitch Zeller says this Right. The tremendous progress made getting people to stop smoking over the past 55 years. The progress has not been experienced by everyone. Equally. 85% of all black smokers use mental cigarettes. Compared to just 30% of white smokers. And while we've seen declines and mental cigarette use among non Hispanic white use, we have not seen the same declines. And youth from communities of color. The potential band would only apply to keep the products off the market but would not apply to individual possession or use the tobacco industry and its allies are making it clear they plan to put up a challenge. And while the FDA hopes to have the band in place within the next year, it must first go through at number of hurdles, including legal challenges, public comment and even the White House
Biden Administration reportedly considering nicotine reduction
"The biden administration is weighing whether to require tobacco companies to reduce nicotine levels in cigarettes. That's according to the wall street journal reports that nicotine would have to be reduced to minimally addictive levels. The administration is reportedly also considering a ban on menthol
Biden nominates gun control advocate David Chipman to lead ATF
"Naming a long time gun control advocate David Chipman to head the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives. NPR's Scott Tetro explains. Biden is also announcing new regulations on gun sales. Biden announced to new regulations. One curbing the sale of kids used to make homemade guns so called ghost guns that black serial numbers and are difficult to track. And the second cracking down on extensions that turned handguns into rifle like weapons. Whether Congress acts or not. I'm gonna use all the resource at my disposal Is president keep the American people safe from gun violence. But there's much more the Congress can do. Help that effort. They could do it right now. Biding his urging lawmakers to ban assault style weapons, close background, check loopholes and eliminate immunity protections for gun manufacturers. Scott Tetro
Biden to Unveil Long-Awaited Executive Action on Guns
"My from NPR news. I'm Korova Coleman. President Biden is expected to issue executive actions intended to reduce gun violence. One action will regulate certain weapons kids bought online that don't require background checks. Another would regulate certain equipment that effectively turns pistols into a kind of rifle. NPR's Tamara Keith says Biden will also today nominate a new leader for the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives. His choices. David Chipman, He's a senior adviser to the gun safety group Giffords. He was also an A T F agent for 25 years and a top choice for gun safety advocates. This role is important have filled because you need a Senate confirmed a T F
President Biden To Take Executive Action On Gun Violence Prevention
"Announce several administrative actions to reduce gun violence as NPR's Tamara Keith reports. Biden was under pressure to act after to mass shootings. Last month, Biden is expected to announce the Justice Department will begin the process of regulating so called ghost guns, weapons kids, They can be purchased without a background check and are hard to trace when used in a crime. President is also expected to nominate former A T F agent and gun safety advocate David Chipman to lead the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives. Ah White House officials said These are first steps and Biden will continue to urge Congress to pass tougher gun laws. Gun Violence prevention advocates are praising the nomination and expected executive actions, while a top congressional Republican called it an attempt to trample Second Amendment rights by executive Fiat. Tamara Keith. NPR NEWS Federal health officials
"tobacco" Discussed on The Syndicated Pipe Club
"Character. I mean the line win win. They're just about to take the. Were getting ready to take off of zuko ship in qatar is just accidentally froze them to the deck. Sign up for this magic one hundred. Simple guy with a boomerang. That's basically his character kind of wrapped up in a nice little catchphrase but ultimately he he grows into the role and into the Now his what does on center around him and more than You know stands on his own but we still have a ways to get there at least in the in the end you know. We'll we'll get there Zoo gordon get as much characterization less episode us more kind of stamped playing villain but you know at least you get to see. And he's definitely determined to get the avatar and but at the same time is honorable the sunset and offered himself up and said If i go with you will you eat village alone. And he opposes his work for sure. That's one thing that is always throughout the throughout the entirety of these series. A big thing with zuko is his honor. He'd.
"tobacco" Discussed on The Syndicated Pipe Club
"tobacco" Discussed on CRUSADE Channel Previews
"Let's go live to I guess Tampa Florida, we Tampa today Jared Nocera in Miami let's go. Let's go live to Miami Florida, and for the scar guys show jared and Mike and Mike Jared Jared live in Miami and Jarrett is as we discovered not only is he a scar guy but he is also a stone worker or stone craftsman. We'll talk a little bit about that and as I learned in meeting jared in Saint Louis three weeks ago makes a trick every year and stay in lives in Spain in. Madrid for three months out of the year what did you tell people why go to Spain every year what do you do there? So I have a connection with Spain just through the love of it after traveling Mike and I was given the opportunity to go to Spain for a couple of months every year and That's what I do for what purpose well, trying to build a few different entrepreneurial ideas over there one with travel and one that has to do with with some historic matters especially that sets in the in the political front today in Spain. So other than just loving it too I I've done I've done cigar work over there, and that's actually how I originally did my move into into Europe there now. Are you doing any stone restoration when you go to Spain. No, only private stuff every once in a while with A. Church or chapel or something like that but it's not my business fronts. Not there my stonework, just what I've been doing as a as vocation professionally for some time. So in Spain, it's kind of. spending time there and the and the cigars more than anything. Okay so Tell. People. That maybe have may have not been to Spain lately. So did the Spanish smoke your? Own African Cameroon Tobacco's they smoke South American today smoke Dick Arague win or tobacco plantations in. Spain. no longer. You know you you do have in Seville you do have in in Seville a my Orca, you have some of the oldest tobacco warehouses on earth people don't realize that that after tobacco was brought back to the to the beautifully gilded empire. A real business. So you these these factories, these warehouses dating back to the sixteen hundreds. in fact, it's the oldest history that we have of tobacco storage, tobacco manufacturing That's all in Spain. But today cigars are very, very tough to difficult market getting them into Spain you have to really under price your cigar just to get him in the country. It's very kind of mafioso business there. Spaniards love cigarettes ash, what they smoke. A whole ton of six. So cigars though if Europe Europe has a very, Europe has a very existing class class kinda demographics for the cigar. So Europe, you're GONNA see your higher end or your middle class upper middle class into your high class people smoking cigars in general in Europe Germany it starts opening up a lot like the US where the cigar for everyone But Spain very much. So it's it's pricey product and you know. They. Don't have available in in a good enough income streams to to really go out enjoy cigar. Unfortunately it's pretty unfortunate. So I am smoking a war zone by by Erik Espinosa now, this key causes a war zone because of the Christina warzone I believe a couple of warzone at that he based on. All right, you know Eric. Do Know Eric and the war zone. Also, he he's he pays tribute to to military..
"tobacco" Discussed on Applesauce & Horsefeathers
"That and then that's all I had time. Yeah I didn't have time to look into onto the amount of money that was a warrior. Yeah I wish I knew how much anyway this is. All that all that money millions and millions liens a day spent that could be spent on our healthcare. Yep that could cover so an so one of the stuff that we talked about was all health related and just briefly. I saw That thinking about trees that are cut down for this as well. So it's environmentally like there's the whole environmental stuff that's put on this to like cigarette butts. This is the tobacco-free California Oregon Cigarette Butts. The number. One item picked up on California roadways. Oh who again. I'm yet that makes as sat and like all the toxins that are reaching into the ground because of these because in the water. They're not biodegradable. Will now so off that we are killing killing killing killing everything first ourselves really Yep In when they said in many countries in space you know mostly in developing countries the Wood is burnt to cure the tobacco and it's estimated that one trees burnt for every three hundred cigarettes so billions of trees are being cut down every year for cigarettes. I understand that it's really. It's tough to quit but if you're a smoker squint I I understand but what. ooh We get the tar but just I just do it Yeah I mean the I always see the health benefits from win you the moment you stop like what how much more air you're getting and then Like two weeks out. This is what happens and three months out. This is this is how much better you're doing a you know to a few years out. I've seen I'll plus an effort does second hand. Smoke is assuming nimble that don't even smoke to go. After an apartment there is going through the vents. And you had somebody who lived above us for for a year or two and every time I went into the hall bathroom I could smell I not every time but I could tell that. Somebody's is up there smoking in the bathroom and I just want it. I'm just I'm I'm. I'm not bragging but I wanted to say top. Smoking in it comes down here. I don't want it yeah It's it's such a terrible smell but yet a Pantley and I may wrong us. But apparently they're still still denying that secondhand smoke is dangerous didn't Somebody died of secondhand smoke. That wasn't a smoker really. Only recently I mean I know it happens all the time but yeah man it must be around at a lot. I think it was a singer and they never smoked. But they were in bars and stuff. Ya Let's do you remember in restaurants. They had the smoking in the non in the nonsmoking airplane. Jeez to base smoking area hope Hospitals everywhere us will the smoke everywhere. Yeah but the restaurants it would be like. Do you regret cracker barrel. I'm sure I have been there the roadside once. They're so fun. They've got like like the country store in the ones with the rocking chairs. On the poor genius out there rock on the board for Awhile. And but they're the divider Peter was basically just this What is the the ladder the ladder hysterical physically? What it is we used to The person the Not Ajami the guy I was with when I was in my early twenties and some friends of ours. They were smokers the to the other couple and the guy I was with. I don't even once as name We'll just call him poop face boo-boo face. He smokes occasionally as well but they would always want to sit in the smoking section and but as soon as the people asked us I would pipe I would just pipe up on. Demand is a non-smoking and so they got on me once they were like. I mean we'd like to. Why can't we sit in the smoking's I'd read review inertia? I like it. No I'm not GonNa sit in the smoking. That's not that's really not fair. Yes nonsmokers to have to sit in among at me. Because it's just it's horrible. I think it's worse that then. Smokers having said in the nonsmoking section. You know what go outside new you at yes but you have just banned smoking in Disneyland these to have smoking sections and I think they just took them out. I know that strollers like massive stroller. She can still do double stroller but they had like the massive ones. I think the people people run over people damn installers. Oh my God tiny stores. And they've got these strollers for Moore. I understand I also understand that you can't you don't always have a choice but just stop it. Stop Smoking and the Savak with your damned strollers rollers stuff stroll. No Oh you see on the corner with a sign stop strollers now now. He's the dam stroller per grade. That's so funny bill. Megan is so are any so that's tobacco tobacco in a in a nutshell to BECO- Shell and tobacco in a yeah we could go on and on but we'll put some links to some million. I'll use nuisance that that link to all the quotes that he said that about you know basically admitting everything and then coming out and saying something different jackass. It's infuriating Yup salona stuff. Oh my gosh I understand why people get angry and stay. Angry began so much and just as I so much crap is just. It's hard to and we're kind of just now in the past few years understanding more. Maybe you always Dan. 'cause you're an amazing person but I I mean I. I wasn't unaware but my eyes weren't really opened to the injustices. And how prevalent it really is out there Now I I see it. Yeah so I think it's it's with you know when you finally learn about it you can do WanNa two things. You can continue forever I or justify I. It's not that bad or I don't do that or Not Mean right yeah. It's not all men no because I know one personal outweigh so you know so. Yeah easy to To be comfortable as opposed to be uncomfortable but winner when do you become complicit it in it you know what what is that line yacht ignoring it not saying anything not doing anything about it. I kind of think that's some complicity. Yeah Yeah Oh you do we gotta stuff yeah. I didn't write down. I only wrote down elicit I wrote down some things and then I started to circle some assurance that I had in my knows. What do you got Okay so I have stained glass Charcoal Native Americans Leo the African Colonial America Healthcare at Francis the seconds seconds Catherine Domenici Demerit. Johnny go sir. Francis Bacon. John Hawkins Roanoke Roanoke Koloni. Let's see here John. Ralph Slavery Slavery Even EXCA- NEOM. I am mentioned him out this book. By the way Stanford the beginning is the is a national book award winner is really good. It's still very much in the beginning of it. Pocahontas Farmhouses Christopher Columbus houses Christopher Columbus Yeah reservatrol reservatrol trill Moose Frisa vitral right. Yes I duNno if Marxism would be a thing because I I mentioned neo neo Marxist study. I don't know that can be considered the Chesapeake area which I guess is different from colonial American America. It I I must say so. We can go into big too big tobacco. The companies themselves. shaking her head back. What did you you write them? Noah I got all that you listed all the ones that are down. Okay so pick your top two. Oh my Gosh Oh Lordy And then pick a third just just in case he would. I don't know I have to. Okay let's see if either of those match okay. What are your new for stained glass Charcoal I know I have not colonial America and healthcare. Okay let's third what is yours. I didn't have that one yet. Will you have to pick one to see if not then we're doomed and we're going to have to pick one okay. I tale everything nice so just because when you let him use to you okay. What's number three poke haunt conscious? It is it makes sense going from tobacco to you Pocahontas. All right.
"tobacco" Discussed on Applesauce & Horsefeathers
"Bug. Yes oh a steady not letting you in the office. In seventeen thirty thirty the first American Tobacco companies opened in Virginia. Seventeen ninety one British doctors find that snuff snuff increased risk of nose cancer. Oh Wow yeah interesting. so that was seventeen ninety one. They already now. That that Maybe maybe this is the best Okay I also wrote a note page thirty eight so I am actually. I'm currently reading being this. Wonderful Book called stamped from the beginning by Hebron X.. Kennedy I bought this a couple years ago and an I am just just now starting at mostly because he wrote a second book in the amount of time and I figure I should uphold my end of the bargain. The books He's a professor of history and international relations and the founding director of the anti-racist Research and Policy Center at American University listening to the book that just came out is I think how to be an anti-racist he's a fascinating guy and so so. This book is stemmed from the beginning. The definitive history of racist ideas in America so on page thirty eight as I was reading I came came across some information about tobacco. let's see John. Pori was a translator of Leo. The Africans Book into English Leo. The African was an African who wrote a book about slavery and and Africans but he was in in line with what the Europeans were were saying about. How they're they're they're not as good or not as smart right and they're you know so he was for it this Guy Leo Anyway so John Corey translated his book into English? He was the cousin dozen of the Virginia Governor George Louis yearly and he went to Jamestown in sixteen nineteen to serve as his secretary acker Terry July Thirtieth Sixteen nineteen yearly started the or convened the inaugural meeting of elected politicians in colonial to a group that included Thomas. Jefferson's great grandfather these lawmakers named John Pori their speaker and he he became colonial America's first legislative leader so the guy who defended Kerr Syrian and shoot. I forgot what curse theory chance. Oh cursory said that they. The Africans were cursed and own the criteria comes from thirty two river all of us Noah. Noah's Ark no of the ARC and his sons one of them supposedly was cursed and turned black. And all of. That's where all the black people come from justed. They're cursed so this guy and and Leo. The African is defending that as John Dory so he was the Our America's first legislative leader setting the standard right away. He set the price of America's first cash crop tobacco. Oh and recognize the need for Labor to grow it so when when the Angolans bound for slavery avery arrived in August. They were right on time He. Yeah yeah so I found. There's a lot more in this in this book but I yeah so that's kind of that's kind of where we are and who were who were dealing with. In the eighteenth century African slave the African slave population of the Chesapeake area chesapeake colonies which was Delaware Maryland. Virginia there was one hundred thousand to one million what there was one hundred thousand. The population is a million see. I don't understand my notes. I think there was the population. Total was a million only an estimated and the African slave population was one hundred thousand So it was no. That's not right anyway. The arrogance Labor Labor Relations was forty percent the total population of the chesapeake colonies. Four percent. They were no oh longer imported. After seventeen seventy five heart tobacco it. It's really tough process just from beginning to end planting harvesting carrying packaging. So you really needed. You really need to be strong. And but they've just got these people going do constantly going. It's not like they get breaks or time off our anything. They're just constantly going going going going for all of this. Oh there's a book called. By historian Allan Kulikov its Neo Marxist study that explains winds the racial caste system. I thought that it would be interesting. It's out of print that you can probably find somewhere. It's called tobacco and slaves the development of southern cultures in the Chesapeake sixteen eighty to eighteen hundred. That would be an interesting interesting book. And that's us. That's what I got for. The history took me sites. Seems like I didn't get anything but that's easy. This is what we're going to do. We're going to have to keep you writing. She's she's pointing to time. Look seats that we were talking about the mom. I guess the tobacco go industry heavily targets. Obviously still now. The African Americans With mostly the menthol products and apparently seventy eighty percent of african-american smokers prefer menthol really cigarettes. Yep and Menthol is harder to quit and more addictive really than regular cigarettes. Yeah it's interesting. It's every aspect of everything that I read all targeted to keep people down Particular Yell Saint like every everything that we do. People don't understand their role. I'm not not. This is a post racist world now. We are everything. Wreath is targeted Everything can just about everything can be boiled down to radio. According to the CDC Smoking Related Illness Homeless Kills More black-americans than car crashes AIDS murders and drug and alcohol abuse combined. Whoa yeah did you read? How many people smoking kills every year? No WE DID I. I didn't read any of that. I know I read a little a bit about how much they spend on marketing about. Twenty six million dollars each day. Each that was in twenty sixteen for Cigarette and smokeless Tobacco Echo Company's hitting me. Yeah eight point. Seven billion dollars alone cigarette advertising and promotion in the US A year. Oh I'm sorry. Eighteen point eight point. Seven billion is a cigarette advertising and then Tobacco alone is nine point five billion and the US and is at per year every year and that was an thome sixteen numbers that's insane that is insane yet C. C. has. Oh tell honor information on oh right backing so Tori healthcare. Listen if that's the amount that they're spending on marketing marketing. Yeah what are they making at. Look that up. That's surely just marketing budget. Yeah I mean that's why that's why they kept everything covered for Decades I heard it's really. That's when you get money out of politics. I am Yup totally like lobbyists and stuff. No they're they're they're not the ones who need to make our laws they paying to make our laws. Yeah and it's infuriating. Also people with lower socioeconomic the economic status are more likely to use tobacco Why do you think that is I think education I think targeting the ADS and targeting? 'cause they do they target people. There's an interesting site and get enough time to research all this. But it's called tobacco-free in California tobacco-free see a And they have a ton of really interesting things about different areas that they target research using research shows that it often targets advertising to lower income neighborhoods and there is a higher density of tobacco retailers in low income neighborhoods than And they typically like they cater all of their of course they do they cater whatever tasting is in every industry. I guess but They they have historically targeted women with lower socioeconomic status with like coupons and discounts and direct mail coupons So that they take each group in target get this. What all advertising as though I mean shampoo does that they target specific nick groups groups? I mean everything is our podcast is I mean we don't specifically targeted to people. But I mean there's a target group for us there's a difference we didn't go research and go okay. We need to specifically talk about this to Roy income people at work. That's a very different. Yeah Yeah we might appeal to different people. But we're not. We're not marketing marketing. And targeting right is doing things to yeah. Yeah Man They were targeting two children they night it for a long time totally busted with that yet they did and I may have quote on that four or five kids who abused tobacco started with a flavor. Product This also came from tobacco fleecy a close to they say like vape the e cigarettes oh now flavors Yeah and they stopped allowing flavored tobacco except except for Menthol. It has been specifically left out really So you can still use menthol cigarettes. But you can't do other flavors like used to be able to were there flavors cigarettes not vapes cigarette cigarettes Ramey. Yeah what flavors and are no we look. I mean I know cloves but that wasn't that wasn't tobacco as it or it didn't have nicotine in it the gateway cigarette. bryce something that I don't know who smoke those but mostly like teenagers. I think I remember my my aunt's smoked those a little bit couple of my aunts who are younger aunts. They're they're not that much older than I am in two thousand seven hundred. Look this up right now. Public Health Law Center two thousand seven main became the first state to pass a law banning flavored cigarettes and cigars in two thousand seven. Oh Oh I you know. I haven't seen examples of market a new flavor cherry blackberry peach chocolate line mintoff Vanilla Rum Margarita and pineapple. So yeah that's for US says the same same public audiences twenty percent of US smokers between the ages of seventeen and nineteen in the. US reported using flavored tobacco products. Then the last thirty days compared to six percents adult so that was okay targeted more. Yeah I did once smoke a chocolate cigar. I couldn't really taste you. You know. Tell the difference and now I'm Kinda like Scott some chocolate gopher turn the lights low and just have a nice quiet evening with Scotch and chocolate Here are okay so tobacco the tobacco industry so here. Here's some information from those documents that I was talking about earlier that were released and contain revealing quotes. Like they've understood the carcinogenic nature since the nineteen eighteen fifty s but they denied it Here are some some facts about it. And then I'll get some quotes Sabet understood the carcinogenic nature since the nineteen fifties in the nineteen sixties. They understood that nicotine was addictive. But it's a crucial selling point and they denied lied addictiveness until recently not sure what recently means but so I think probably within the past ten years this has been going one on for awhile ads only two. Oh there they say. ADS are only to fight for brands. Share and it doesn't increase consumption Shen which research shows otherwise so they're saying the L. The ads aren't bringing in more customers. It's just that all the different brands. Iran's have stuff so we have to put our ads out there too. So that's what they're claiming They recognized that. The product is a drug delivery revis and denied secondhand smoke. And well so here are some. Oh I did find the annual global dental allow Four million by twenty thirty ten each. It'll be ten million a year. Choose if things things don't change okay so nineteen fifty-three they here's a quote from them. Studies of clinical data tend to confirm relationship Asian ship between heavy and prolonged tobacco smoking and the incidence of cancer of lung the companies were advised. Quote get the industry three out of this hole and in the. There's a frank statement to cigarette smokers. So they came out with this statement and they say even even though they knew that it causes it can cause cancer and they were told to get. Get us out of this So they say it's many possible causes no agreement cement among authorities on cause and no proof that it smoking and that the validity of Statistics are questioned by numerous scientists that was nineteen fifty four. An early draft of that statement had this struck out we will never produce and market a product shown to be the cause of any serious human ailment. The committee will undertake to keep the public informed of such facts as made as may be he developed relating to cigarette smoking and health and other pertinent matters. They struck not out while of the statement shopping that was not include. Yes exactly I found Philip Morris to be particularly egregious. Oh Philip Morris in in history studying the history of it came up. I didn't see what year they F- they first started. And I kinda wanted to look in a go into that whole thing so anyway in nineteen fifty. Eight evidence was building about lung cancer so they said if somebody had the intestinal fortitude fortitude If somebody had quote the intestinal fortitude to jump on the other side of the fence admitting that cigarettes are hazardous. Here's another quote a quote within a quote. Just look what a wealth of ammunition would be at his disposal to attack the other companies. Who did not have safe? Cigarettes is always always about money Yulia. It's always everything about money..
"tobacco" Discussed on Applesauce & Horsefeathers
"Marius he would he be Francois. And his and Francis it's a second mother Who Hath Rhonda Medici. I was thought it was MEDICI. But I think it's MEDICI Catherine Minhaj him the pans on wary. Sorry you put your fossas. Syllabus emphasis emphases Anyway so started cultivating it in fifteen sixty and they called it Called them Arab Eb Della Han which which is the queen's Herbs Ma And then John Hawkins brought the seeds to England Slit see smoking was mentioned as a fifteen seventy three raleigh brought. Oh my God these notes. There's like no periods or anything like what so. This is what I have smoking. Mentioned as a fifteen seventy three Raleigh brought I Virginia Tobacco from roanoke colony. I guess that's one thought. So I guess he he brought them over going back to the fifteen hundred tell you or did you mention that It was observed that the native American populations used it to wait in their teeth. No tooth base. Yeah they did with Chalk or lime on it may have been used to white. Oh the toothpaste nice. So they also had better teeth than the Europeans came over. Yeah these are lot I I didn't I didn't right now. They use it for a lot of different things. It's before before they started smoking at even. Oh Yeah it's still used in India. powdered tobacco to rubbed on the teeth in toothpaste is marketed commercially. Really Yeah No Bueno while now. They're doing charcoal that whole thing. Oh yeah toothpaste and charcoal everything. Chuckle the amount but the thing is like with most of everything that they do. The research on issue needs so much of whatever it is and then people glomming onto it and they're like. Oh Jerko masks this CEOS'd chuckle reservatrol or whatever. It is fine as resveratrol might be restored. No I miss financing's housing's all the time he tells so so hard to know. Like what is I. Don't know where everyone just glommed onto onto something. They read one thing real quick. And that's all the new rage in new Yemen user and Yup New Turner Dr Burner Garner dern okay. We obviously we're going to be cutting a bunch of the now. Importing tobacco to England was controversial. James James I of England and the fifth of Scotland or six Scott Anyway so this is after after a Queen Elizabeth SA- James Averse. He wrote something called a counterblast to tobacco and in it. He said quote a custom loathsome to the eye hateful to the nose harmful to the brain dangerous to the lungs. Wow Yeah ah so. That was in the sixteenth century that he said that and it reminds me of an old. AFN COMMERCIAL AF EH armed forces network which which is Like a TV station. You get overseas if you're stationed overseas. So F N had they make commercials and their hysterical because there some of them aren't just bad and others are meant to be bad and they're so funny but this one was Queen Elizabeth and I think Walter Raleigh coming in and and she's like what have you brought me from the new world. I bring you tobacco and it's like these dried tobacco leaves and she's like what is it. You Chew it Madam and Blah Blah Blah and. He's like chewing it and and an and she looks. She's like that's disgusting so it's his hoping on like not smoking or something so it just reminded me in that But interesting that he He didn't get yeah at all and yet he and he thought he was right. Eight about about all of that too and so they imposed heavy tariffs in England but there was still strong on demand But other places in Europe didn't didn't have such difficulties so they smokey smoker sens. It's a lot Have a friend who went to Amsterdam. And she said people the amount of smoke or the horrible like walking around because everyone's smoke smoke smoke smoke. Yeah there is such a big difference now am going overseas than than there was like fifteen fifteen twenty years ago because yes smoke is everywhere and you could smoke everywhere. But now they've enacted a lot of the same laws we have so it's it's just it's not it's not permeating everything like your clothes and your hair and sometimes I'd come home and just put For for breeze. I spray for Breezy. My Hair Oh my oh but it's so much better now. Yeah but I think European and British people tend to start smoking a lot earlier like as teenagers. I don't and I don't know how prevalent that is. It's over here. Obviously some some kids do but I don't know if it's the norm I didn't look into any any stats. Yeah but so. What do you have won't go finish the history okay? We'll finish the hitter during that will more onto miscellaneous when I go into history I I mean I go okay hang on let me Lou Holtz. Okay Yeah Yeah. Okay whipped the sixteen twenty s the colonists traded with Chesapeake tribes they tobacco for Natural Resources and there was also used as currency. See for certain things like fines taxes licenses which I found interesting The I'm here on. The increasing demand in Europe fueled the slave trade in tobacco needed a lot of land A lot of land and indentured servants were promised land in their contracts a wench once. They're you know period Servitude was over. They were promised to have you know a parcel of of land. But people didn't WANNA give their land up. They wanted to to keep for themselves so they can make all the money so indentured. Servitude was not economically viable and they'd they needed people to work long hours for free With nothing given at the end of it or ever ever yeah so in wait a second. mm-hmm we okay. So I have up above. I have like seventeen hundred. This happened Bu- but then down here. I have early seventeenth century. So let's go there so we gave Louis on a timeline. Oh it was called in in the early seventeenth century. It was called Brown gold. Yeah and then. I have a little bit on John. John Ralph in sixteen o nine. You might know him as the man who married book on his Yeah so he in Jamestown he was the first settler who was successful to raise tobacco for commercial use. And that's how he made his fortune he married Pocahontas went back to England she died. I think in fact I I think she got she got sick. She caught something she got sick scarlet fever or something like that and died and is was buried. There I know seems like Anyway he went back to Jamestown to improve the quality of the tobacco and sixteen twenty. He had forty thousand awesome pounds of tobacco ships to England. Is this no see. It's fun Nissim it. Well it's just so everywhere so Virginia was the for I call any type of first black slaves in sixteen nineteen slept four hundred years ago this year and Actually The New York Times has really great. I on if view it call it a piece but it's called six six hundred nineteen. Yeah that AL thing and it goes into the history where we are now has a whole whole bunch of essays and just it's really fascinating to to look through but four hundred years ago. I think this August this past August I and it was a Dutch ship. Okay let me go up to these notes before I forget so in seventeen hundred. Enslaved Africans were forced to work plantations of. This was a timeline. I found on I think an African American history site or museum. Am Site I will host that on the.
"tobacco" Discussed on Applesauce & Horsefeathers
"Woo Woo where whereas the they were Not made by. No tiffany was an. They'd suspected this for a while because it didn't it wasn't it. Didn't look like tiffany stained glass. It didn't look the way that He or the company made stained glass like that. I think I think there were bubbles and they. I didn't think that's part of what they so. Somebody has been looking into this for a few years. Yeah so this was so pray step back but this before they found the envelope. Yeah so the envelope was from a Pacific American decorative company and that was a glasswork company and that was is what was found in the winchester ester mystery house yes so they think that maybe they did that. Will they found out before because they were trying to figure out who did the stained glass and They had this one historian look into stained glass companies and people in the area and they traced it to one particular gentleman and they were like ninety nine percents shore and they came out he came out with and he's like this is who made it a week later and they they opened up the wall to they were redoing something and they apparently haven't ever really opened up the walls like that and that fell that fell out so it it confirmed his thing yet. But they're still some of the tour guides are still saying tiffany glass he said so we on again on that uh-huh but that was cool that we yeah. I love a things that are found in walls. I get so excited when when I hear stories about out People read redoing houses or whatever and they find all this great stuff. I'm also jealous. They find I mean letters. Listen clothing and all sorts of people put stuff in walls specifically for men find him later when they yeah I may get redone or We have some friends who redid part It's like an eighteenth century farmhouse in Connecticut And they added to it it a little bit. They stop the original part they they were doing something on the walls and they came to This would and Had written on it I think the name and the year that the house was made so so they have it as a little cutout now in their the walls and kind of framed that oh how sweet yeah. I love stuff like that just so if you have any stories or examples examples or if this has happened to you send them talented atom. I WanNa see I love stuff like that Yeah on that stuff's amazing yeah. Old Farmhouses are great. They are old houses genta houses yeah speaking got old Kansas history. Let's give us some history. Oh here's here's the thing sages so proud of me. I decided to go back to writing out my notes and remembered why I don't like it is my hand hurts because I'm trying to rights so fast and then my handwriting looks so bad. Heart of for me of the fun of writing down is that there are words. I can't read in handwriting and it's an adventure. It is an adventure. The other thing is organizing it. It's hard to 'cause I can afterwards. Just move things around if I have it on. This is why I don't like it because it organized which is funny. 'cause hoc- like things organized. Well this'll be interesting and on shorter because I don't have. I don't have as much so sir. I can hear the audience go back to the shoulder but don't complain. You learned a lot tobacco. Also I WANNA know Tabacchi Wacky Tabacchi. Isn't that pot wacky baggy pot is it. I don't know and Tabacchi if you say it like that the racist. I didn't look it up. So it is. We're so sorry we policies now I will. I will look that if I thought Wacky Tabacchi was you're probably about for pot but if you say Tabacchi is that racist. I don't know oh I suit. You're saying yeah 'cause maybe who knows like people who started maybe white people started. Why is he saying everything? We pretty much do that. May Be totally upset when I was Researching just how they target their marketing tobacco companies. He's Okay so I didn't get I really WANNA too but ran out of time and was hoping you it so it sounds like you did but one thing saying I found. I was amazed at it is I found some and we'll talk about this later. But I found some industry treat documents that were released through litigation and whistleblowers ooh hundred revealing quotes from from big tobacco. Shot Okay yes. So I've got a couple of things I mean. This was pages and pages and pages and I was at the end so I could. I wanted to only get a little bit just to show how why they got the name. No they didn't get mad back. It's big tobacco tobacco. Why they got the name bad tobacco starting happening now? Oh my God so yes anyway. But Oh happy be Indigenous Peoples Day. This is being released on On Monday the fourteenth of October Yeah hey indigenous. Peoples Day. Although it's not it's only called that in a few places everywhere else. It's called Columbus Day for Christopher Columbus Aw Christopher Yeah we grew I mean you grow up thinking oh he discovered America first of all. He didn't and I guess they Kinda Diana. Don't tell you that it but you're made to believe that he's the one who discovered America and Oh he did all these great things and that editor and then you grow up and you start reading more about got it. And you're like oh he not so good holy cranky. Yeah the some bad stuff really bad stuff. Yeah which is why people are trying trying to get the name changed from Columbus Day to indigenous peoples type. Yes A tiny city in Oklahoma that I used to live in. I don't remember I was a baby. It's called Anadarko and dark. Oklahoma is one of the few places that has it as indigenous people say which makes sense because there's a big native American population. They're Nice. Yeah all right so tobacco was only found in the Americas. I was sorry I paused because as I was trying to think I'm like well. This is an odd segue and and just went on so it was only found in the Americas possibly the about six thousand B C. They first started cultivating it and I found somewhere. And I did save all Mein links and everything so I can share those one b. c. e. is when they possibly started to smoke it but usually it was used for dressing wounds A poll to like police or as a painkiller. That you know used medicinally or ceremonial Ceremonial Oh purposes by native Americans and also trading That was yup. Yeah do you have anything Not Well I did too. I did and find. I think this was on good old wicky That tobacco was originally used by the eastern tribes and then the Western tribes used it. But mixed I it with other herbs interesting. Yeah is I do I kind of research on that. But how can what is the east by that. Is that how they got I Oscar. I don't know I wonder if that's even mixed with tobacco that there are over sixty species of the nicotine plant nicotine really and most are indigenous to the Americas America. Yeah but they said a couple are to Australia. Interesting refuse species are really the it wasn't brought over. It was slow the that the plants now are. Oh the house too. Yeah Yeah Right. Yeah so yeah. It was only found here which is interesting on a few are native to Australia. A few are actually native. Oh All right yeah so On the fifteenth of October Fourteen Fourteen hundred ninety the to Columbus sailed the ocean blue but that October fifteenth. which is tomorrow once? You're if you're listening to this on the day we release is it Columbus was offered dried. Tobacco leaves For the first time and he brought some leaves and seeds back with him when he we're going to skip a lot of global site. Did you find this on the Journal of Royal Society for Medicine No. I don't think I did that was on there too. I tried to find a lot of I was looking for something specific. I was looking for more history history on the enslaved people the enslaved African which I found a little bit more difficult not I mean I was finding it but it a lot of sources weren't delving into it as much as I would as much as I just wanted to. Yeah glossing over yet at Mo I mean not really glossing over but because I guess when you get to slavery it's I wanted to on tobacco and slavery but I did end up. I'm finding quite a bit. So yeah and I. We have to get rid Columbus so he brought the leaves and the seats back but I I found a way to second see this as I see my notes are all I. I've got colored eras and stuff to try to help me out here and I don't know which ones went. Oh okay backing up the native Americans. When they use them for ceremonies they considered tobacco acco as a gift from the Creator? Did you see this. No they It's a gift from the Creator and the smoke is carrying the thoughts and prayers to the spirits. Oh yeah I thought that was really. That was neat. The thoughts and prayers. You know the person person using it so I liked that okay anyway. Columbus so of the four plants that Columbus and his crew brought back with them maize potato radio tomato and tobacco. Only one of them is used in every country tobacco. Oh an interesting. That is okay. So when he bought them at most Europeans still didn't get their first taste. Until the mid Sixteenth Century there are bunch of adventurers and diplomats who popularized arised it in their writings and And everything one such adventurer was Shaw Nico which is where we get get the name Nicotine Nicotine No. What was the plant nickel titanium nicotine nicotine? Nicotine Ya jaw Miekel and I didn't delve too much. Tammy but oh I would like to point out that in sixteen ten Sir Francis Bacon whom we've mentioned again vic and again We've mentioned him before. He noted the difficulties of quitting back in sixteen ten. Oh wow so that's amazing. Yeah but wasn't innate didn't really I don't know I read to merge so I had a problem I always have problems. Where do we start? How much time do y'all have problems? I started researching and then I had to stop and then I started researching and then I had to stop and then I started researching and then I had to stop so I have no idea. None of my frog house are consistent current assistant and then I would read something like I think i read something something about when they started to do research on that On its effects. I didn't write it down because apparently ahead to stop and then came back to it later so is really being. I read something about that as well. It started earlier that like in a different century. Right were they started kind of looking into it. It'd be interesting to see like what the tobacco company has covered up. Oh I mean we know. We know they've covered a lot lot. And I will get into some leader. Get go up. Oh my gosh okay. So this Nico Guy he sent leaves leaves for snuff to Francis the.
"tobacco" Discussed on Applesauce & Horsefeathers
"The interest in everything and Navarine Massa the I'll write abaco tobacco so when I did research I didn't set out to look for all the damaging things about out tobacco Because I thought that would be everywhere right and it is. I thought you were going to say but I ended up doing that anyway. Array did you Tried to find some different things about it and yeah mostly. There's there's not a lot I mean unless you go into native American ceremonies and you know went. Tobacco was used for for other. If things and it's still a little bit good the a little bit I mean you know I started with history so.
"tobacco" Discussed on CritterCast
"In one cat again yeah yeah <hes> yeah there that gray brown color and then when they hit the adult stage <hes> people don't consider them pests because they're actually feeding on nectar at that point okay and they prefer honeysuckle and what was the other one petunia plant <hes> honeysuckle and tuna so lovely yeah and they don't and their appetite goes way down because they're not growing. They're not prepping to just like turn into a whole new creature right right. They have to eat a lot. Yeah literally go into this ugly little cocoon and emerge completely different animals. It's insane. Insects are crazy really who who came up with a system right. What the hack evolution like with meal why it made a little more sense like the mealworm is kind of like the egg then it you know and then it's a beetle so they sell legs exile while the ratings but like literally go from some weird a little worming thing 'cause they are caterpillars and they do move caterpillar yeah but they they look kind of more or like worm yeah and then they come out as like honk honk in moths fis- insane. I think this is why i've always really kinda liked malls and butterflies because yeah that's just so extra yeah. I heard i've always been a big fan of moths because they're just like the butterflies ugly cousins. I'm like you got to root for their late to them. Yeah yes. I can really do though like i don't have to be a butterfly okay i emerged in like i just they didn't get that far. They just didn't want to be pretty. I have wings. I can still fly and what's really cool about because they because they drink nectar they have. I have a really cool ability to kind of like float flutter there. Oh my coming break a hummingbird yeah so there is there is a different species of horn worm that is i think it's called like the hummingbird hormone allows when they are the hummingbird moth yeah and it's because they literally will just hoover. There's a different different word. I have written down somewhere. I'm too lazy to look for l._a. Yeah cool. You could see it like yeah in there. In mid air wow doing a thing so they are sexually diamorphine as adults okay which i did not know what that meant yeah huddle. Look it up and i was like okay cool. It's nothing extra cool. It just means that they saw it is binary. They have the two sexes male and female not only they have different sexual organs but they also have extra physical differences so oh the males have broader antennae and they have class bers which it i had to look through no. It's basically a bug dick like i. I would hope so yeah yeah. I looked at a picture and i was like okay so it's just a bug. Today i get it now. It's for inserting sperm right so that's one hundred percent one this. Yes okay <hes> this. This fact annoys me. You can guess it's about meeting guest guest back. That annoys me okay. It's either well. She can't die right away because she got legs. She doesn't have to lay eggs. This is true. She die right away. So females have one week to grow up up after they what after the emerging adult leak and then they are ready to mate how do so once they do so once they may have once females mate once this this is guess how many times males mate how many as much as they want well until they die many many many times literally the wikipedia articles at many many times. How are they finding. All these ladies. I i would guess that there's probably ably more females born than males but it's not temperature control. Wow i am lodging a complaint with the official society..
"tobacco" Discussed on CritterCast
"Wait they have a bad reputation. Yes they are like commonly known as terrible pests marvel stage because they have great voracious appetite yesterday from multiple sources and if they like if they we're in a say a tobacco field and they were unchecked and nobody using status or anything they would they would ruin an entire crop doubt doubt to horn worms can ruin a a healthy tomato plant in like a week just to two of them. I want a healthy full grown tomato plant wow so that's why gardeners and when they see backyard yards or farmers like when i was thinking that it was just tobacco i was like i mean it so wrong. Tobacco tobacco has other purposes to in other purpose yeah but they also will get into anything. They'll grow faster and eat more. <hes> of tobacco in tomato plants and plants were not family but they will will eat anything they don't touch tomatoes bitches and they'll potato plants. No i know i need to i know and the reason that the reason that people hate them so so much so they'll eat all the top lease and they'll poop on all the bottom leave so totally ruin the whole thing right like they don't eat the whole thing but they ruin the rain so i heard i know i kind of like oh yeah. People are not fans of the of the larva. This wouldn't be so much of a problem with people kept more like aches knicks and other sorts of things in their in their gardens. Yes snakes. Don't really horn rooms do frogs sometimes small mammals and birds do often often smaller reptile shore that birthday awesome have some pretty intense defense mechanism so we'll talk about..
"tobacco" Discussed on CritterCast
"We'll tell you why those caritas uh-huh uh-huh and there's tons more created that build <music> that's literally the best theme song ever been created. I'm so glad that we're so happy with the theme song but we we have to keep our old theme song somehow in some form because i love it so much i know but it's not like it's just not even the same vibe anymore. It's it's not it's true. Maybe maybe for blake special extra things or maybe for introductions for our videos or something we can yeah run it real quickly. Yeah i try to come up like to keep a lot all of the stuff. I had the nature track going still and i had the the drumbeat going but it just didn't match and i. I don't know i just went crazy. I think this is fantastic. Just so everybody listening knows corinna completely invented by herself. This is what we call songwriting. It was amazing. Yes yes i am i will you said somebody. Was it lisa that asked you yeah yeah so actually on our last episode. Yes you saying a little a little bit of the mummy barbara manatee song mony yeah. It's called endangered love from veggietales standard love. Some of y'all really loved loved it. Look it up yeah so so we got a lot of feedback that there needed to be more songs which like fair so so i went and wrote a new theme song. That was an extended version and i thought wonderful is good. I obviously shout out to our manatees. 'cause i feel like people really loved are mandatory episode which is great also uh-huh people really love manatees but all the feedback about loving music in our podcast. It's so funny 'cause a when we we're going to start this podcast guy. We're going to incorporate like little bits of songs and karaoke 'cause it was gonna be critters and karaoke or critters cookies and curiosity either. I would have been a lot. It would have been a lot yeah. I think i'm really really glad we cut the cookies out yeah. I wasn't so glad that we cut the music. I've always missing music and it's always been there in some tiny former other yeah so we're not like we're not bringing winging it back like crazy full force. I wanna wrote a new theme song because i thought we would like that and then when i was thinking of okay it's my turn to research an animal. I wanted to do when and had a song that went with it so that way could enjoy it. Is there a horn. Were not because here's the point. I was like okay. We haven't done in a while and there's lots talking about butterflies butterfly yeah like you can't we can't do an episode on butterflies as if it was like no one animal. That's how i was started out doing this show but we have learned much better. We have learned to be more specific apt to be spreading. We'll just have no time to know and so then when i was like well what what what butterfly could i pick and i was going to do a monarch butterfly because those are like our butterfly area but then i thought that's it's new base that well then i was like i don't know i just don't warm core feeling it and then i thought about the fact that we'd had a recent running with a horn worm and twas time. It was traumatizing. We needed to process it. Was it was a lot so i'll talk about it. In more. We're definitely later but horn worms. We give our reptiles as an occasional treat food. They're not highly nutritious as feeder insects. We talked about meal worms. That's more more of a staple yet. I feed. I reptiles but i do feed them. Worms and most of our reptiles go crazy. They love horn worms which is great when it's winter and everybody's in that kind of pseudo permission yeah yeah..
"tobacco" Discussed on CritterCast
"Old. Honking moths fish is insane. I think this is why i've always really kinda liked malls and butterflies because yeah that's just so extra yeah. I heard i've always been a big fan of moths because they're just like the butterflies ugly cousins and like you got to root for their late to them yeah. Yes i really do though like i don't have to be a butterfly okay i emerged in like i just they didn't get that far. They just didn't want to be pretty. I have wings. I can still fly and what's really cool about because they because they drink nectar they have. I have a really cool ability to kind of like float flutter there. Oh my coming break a hummingbird yeah so there is there is a different species of horn worm that is i think it's called like the hummingbird hormone allows when they are the hummingbird moth yeah and it's because they literally will just hoover. There's a different different word. I have written down somewhere. I'm too lazy to look for l._a. Yeah cool you could see it like yeah in there. In mid air wow doing a thing so they are sexually diamorphine as adults okay which i did not know what that meant yeah. Look it up and i was like okay cool. It's nothing extra cool. It just means that they saw it is binary. They have their two sexes male and female not only they have different sexual organs but they also have extra physical differences so oh the males have broader antennae and they have class bers which it i had to look through no. It's basically a bug dick like i would hope so yeah. Yeah i looked at a picture and i was like okay so it's just a bug. Today i get it now. It's for inserting sperm right so that's one hundred percent one this. Yes okay <hes> this. This fact annoys me. You can guess it's about meeting guest guest back. That annoys me okay. It's either well. She can't die right away because she got legs. She doesn't have to lay eggs. This is true. She die right away. So females have one week to grow up up after they what after the emerging adult leak and then they are ready to mate how do so once they do so once they may have once females mate once this this is guess how many times males mate how many as much as they want well until they die many many many times literally the wikipedia articles at many many times. How are they finding. All these ladies. I i would guess that there's probably ably more females born than males but it's not temperature control. Wow i am lodging a complaint with the official society. Let's say i literally wrote males may as much as they want you because the females they will mate and then they will their eggs fertilized. They'll go lay their eggs and then they'll continue eating until they they just like they don't make again but they don't die like right after no but it does spend most of their energy and so they will die pretty soon after that it's not like i'm dying as i'm laying them but like wow oh they can't i mean at least a little better than octopuses who literally like the females give literally wither away protecting their nose goes. Yeah nature is not kind to females. I mean there are other situations were reversed so that s black widows into that episode how minister point of view. I'll have to go listen to that. After this as a pallet cleanser yes for the for the feminist and all of us black widows are there for you. That's right mating can take several hours hours wit..
"tobacco" Discussed on CritterCast
"About. I'm so excited ahead. I know he's like there's so much going on here. It was a little hard to dig up information but like once you got into their like there was because there's a lot of scientific studies studies so there's a lot of information there so after they have all those five stars and they they will they have kind of like pre pupa i stage two and a lot of people think they get mistaken for dead caterpillars they'll shrink down and kind of shrivel right for the pupae of course and when they pupae they look dumb. Let me tell you it's not like they don't look like you know when you think of a christmas note. They look like little turn sounds like it should be a little hard brown shirts like what else i know <hes> gross their their pupa stage usually lasts about eighteen in days so it's a big chunk of their yeah that's intense. That's that's almost three weeks yeah and they only live about one to two months. Yeah a baby's yeah mon. It's it it like the eighteen days is what they do in a lab so like in the wild it may not be that long right they go into a pupa assume though they can if they have each a shorter like day night cycles if they have like twelve hours twelve hours of darkness yeah they will go into into basically like a like a coma type pupa stage that can last for months. Oh schilling they're raising a lab. They should get more like seventeen hours a and seven hours of darkness everything regular okay if like they were in an area where for some reason they had a shorter day they would just get very confused uh-huh like a fake hibernation yeah okay which is crazy but also that's the the light cycle that we give away during is we give them a twelve hour cycle which is like not how nature works saying. We don't have twelve hours of darkness. I don't know why we do this like we do on onto days a year and that's it guys but then when they when they come out of their pupa stage i wrote down the fun word heard explosion for emerging as an adult it clean you turn eighteen. We should throw a closure parties. I love it as as we become adults. In this world i now when they emerge as adults. They are let me tell you firsthand kind of like a mottled grey brown around pretty typical mosque color meant to blend in there not butterfly right. Hey <hes> they've thin wings but when they're all spread out they have a wingspan been about one hundred millimeters up to one hundred so that's like almost the size of my palm yeah there so this whole this whole family we of malls are moderate to large. Yeah i guess so that's how they categorize the on big big honking thing yeah. We're gonna put them all. In one cat again yeah yeah <hes> yeah there that gray brown color and then when they hit the adult stage <hes> people don't consider them pests because they're actually feeding on nectar at that point okay and they prefer honeysuckle and what was the other one petunia plant <hes> honeysuckle and tunisia so lovely yeah and they don't and their appetite goes way down because they're not growing. They're not prepping to just like turn into a whole new creature right right. They have to eat a lot. Yeah literally go into this ugly little cocoon and emerge completely different animals. It's insane. Insects are crazy really who who came up with the system right. What the hack evolution like with meal why it made a little more sense like the mealworm is kind of like the egg then it you know and then it's a beetle so you know they have legs existed while the ratings but like literally go from some weird a little worming thing 'cause they are caterpillars and they do move caterpillar yeah but they kind of more or like worm yeah and then they come out as like honk big old..
"tobacco" Discussed on CritterCast
"We'll tell you why those caritas uh-huh uh-huh and there's tons more created that build <music> but literally the best theme song ever been created. I'm so glad that we're so happy with the theme song but we we have to keep our old theme song somehow in some form because i love it so much i know but it's not like it's just not even the same vibe anymore. It's it's not it's true. Maybe maybe for blake special extra things or maybe for introductions for our videos or something we can yeah run it real quickly. Yeah i try to come up like to keep a lot all of the stuff. I had the nature track going still and i had the the drumbeat going but it just didn't match and i. I don't know i just went crazy. I think this is fantastic. Just so everybody listening knows corinna completely invented by herself. This is what we call songwriting. It was amazing. Yes yes i am i will you said somebody. Was it lisa that asked you yeah yeah so actually on our last episode. Yes you saying a little a little bit of the mummy barbara manatee song mony yeah. It's called endangered love from veggietales standard love. Some of y'all really loved loved it. Look it up yeah so so we got a lot of feedback that there needed to be more songs which like fair so so i went and wrote a new theme song. That was an extended version and i thought wonderful is good. I obviously shout out to our manatees. 'cause i feel like people really loved are mandatory episode which is great also. Oh people really love manatees but all the feedback about loving music in our podcast. It's so funny 'cause a when we we're going to start this podcast guy. We're going to incorporate like little bits of songs and karaoke 'cause it was gonna be critters and karaoke or critters cookies and curiosity either. I would have been a lot. It would have been a lot yeah. I think i'm really really glad we cut the cookies out yeah. I wasn't so glad that we cut the music. I've always missing music and it's always been there in some tiny former other yeah so we're not like we're not bringing winging it back like crazy full force. I wanna wrote a new theme song because i thought we would like that and then when i was thinking of okay it's my turn to research an animal. I wanted to do when and had a song that went with it so that way could enjoy it. Is there a horn. Were not because here's the point. I was like okay. We haven't done in a while and there's lots the song's about butterflies butterfly yeah like you can't. We can't do an episode on butterflies as if it was like no one animal. That's how i was started out doing this show but we have learned much better. We have learned to be more specific apt to be spreading. We'll just have no time to know and so then when i was like well what what what butterfly could i pick and i was going to do a monarch butterfly because those are like our butterfly area but then i thought that's it's new base that well then i was like i don't know i just don't warm core feeling it and then i thought about the fact that we'd had a recent running with a horn worm and twas time. It was traumatizing. We needed to process it. Was it was a lot so i'll talk about it. In more. We're definitely later but horn worms. We give our reptiles as an occasional treat food. They're not highly nutritious as feeder insects. We talked about meal worms. That's more more of a staple yet. I feed. I reptiles but i do feed them. Worms and most of our reptiles go crazy. They love horn worms which is great when it's winter and everybody's in that kind of pseudo permission yeah yeah..