35 Burst results for "Tigray"
US warns pilots of weapon fire as war nears Ethiopia capital
"Of Africa's busiest airports could be in danger pilots were warned that planes operating it bowl at ports could be struck by weapon fire from fighting the ATA because capital the advisory by the Federal Aviation Administration says the threat comes from ongoing clashes between Ethiopian forces and fighters from the northern Tigray region while CFA admit there has been no disruption so far they believe the rest to approaching and departing pains could increase if the Tigray finances and cycle the capital thousands have died in the fighting in the past year any TA pia I'm
Pope decries Ethiopia's humanitarian crisis, urges dialogue
"Pope Francis has decried the recent situation in Ethiopia and has pressed for dialogue over war total weekly dance that some people just read that he was worried about the country which has shaken my conduct every year the warning if UPS north Tigray region has killed thousands of people millions more have been displaced leaving many struggling with severe hunger the U. N. security council has called an end to the fighting it has also requested access to areas of the country for humanitarian aid to tackle the hunger crisis I'm Karen
Several Ethiopian armed opposition groups to form alliance
"Ethiopia's Tigray forces adjoining all the armed groups to form an alliance against prime minister admits after a year of war that has killed thousands of people the new union include Citigroup forces as well as the aroma Liberation Army and seven all the groups from around the country the alliance now known as the United front of Ethiopian federalist forces was signed into being in Washington organizers say the group will be both political and military with the aim of deposing prime minister Abiye admits to seek a political transition after a year of devastating war US special envoy Jeffrey Feltman this meeting with officials in the European capital amid calls for an immediate ceasefire and talks I'm Karen Thomas
"tigray" Discussed on Bro History
"Wants to peddle the idea of getting involved again by you know getting involved in another war by a showing this like sad story of a small ethnic group being bullied by two countries on both sides of it is that may be it like. They're trying to yeah. They're trying to get people to like stomach. The idea of. Us intervention by playing up in the tigray inside here. Here's the thing. here's the thing though. I the american public would not buy into this war like it is just so like i was saying earlier. I think americans probably kind of a associate every single african conflict into one new into one conflict. They can that they remember. They probably think of like this as an extension of the rwandan genocides. Just going to say that. Yeah we the that. Probably oh that kind of like their wand in genocide honestly if i was talking to any of my friends this and i was like hey man like going on european. Oh is it like who not like. They would think that that They can totally conflate this with something with something else so. I don't think that selling americans that you need to Intervene on in this conflict. I think would Would not go well. And i don't think joe biden has any interest in getting involved in this late. Joe biden has basically said some stuff like this needs to stop. And i think he's meeting with with with kenya for enough for some peace conference. I'm not sure what day it is. I think it's coming up this week. Actually this episode quote from this episode is gonna come on sunday and we're recording this on wednesday the thirteenth right. Yeah so this is going to be like five days. He's gonna come out like five days after record this who knows what can change however it is. I don't i don't think biden really cares like we just pulled out of out of gaffe ghanistan. There's definitely a wing of the state department that is fatigued by this. And there's like wool deal. It looks like might be just trying to pull the you know the sanctions card here. Because he said yeah he's just like what can i do. Say the thing that i care about this but not really doing anything right okay. Fine sanctions ray. So he actually That the the humanitarian crisis in the human rights crisis in ethiopia is an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of the united states which is interesting language in general. You know So he's he's noting that it is a threat to national security intimate. Maybe he's just placating the the war hawks back at home but the the things that they're doing about it is putting in place mechanisms to impose sanctions on individuals and entities. Engaged in the war and abuses. Which is so broad right. So there's that.
"tigray" Discussed on Bro History
"The us government has with the tigray leadership because We worked with them extensively during the war and terror and we had a relationship. Then i mean susan. Rice apparently had a really really close relationship. A relationship with with the nawab. So it's it's There's interesting dynamics. It might just be because the people in the state department just are kind of friendly with the people from From tigray and that could be it. I mean so. I if i can offer my take. I think it's kind of easy to to. It's an easy story to sell to the american public. That oh look at this. Well no no one's from america's listening known cares well. Well that's why i was so surprised. Maybe we can you know. Get back to how we started the show in the first place because they're starting to introduce this to the people right this. Cnn segment was the first major. Like inroad there And actually before. I forget my take on it and talk about some of this stuff. Let's let's let's go a little deeper into that. That story so going back to the beginning apparently how ethiopia Their government used their their countries. Flagship commercial airline and that's Ethiopian airlines to shuttle weapons to and from you know a eritrea during that that crisis last year and this happened Apparently across multiple ethiopian airlines planes and flights in november Twenty twenty during the first couple of weeks of the conflict and and honestly. I wish we could have gotten that scoop when we were covering last year. Because it's is a really fascinating story I just wanna start by saying that smuggling weapons on civilian aircraft is a violation of international aviation law. And there is a million reasons. Why it's a violation of bird'll it's a bird law you know you don't wanna fuck with birds no aviation law international aviation. There's a million reasons. Why but i think the biggest reason why you. You don't want why the international community doesn't want states to be transporting weaponry with civilian aircraft is because you don't want to state thinking that any civilian aircraft is fair game because weapons may be on board. It would be total disaster. So they think about like a sinking of the lusitania even though we definitely had weapons on there. But you know what. I'm saying right so the reason why it's it's against the rules is because we don't want any stating civilians at risk. Sorry as putting civilians at risk exactly right and and even even if it puts them at risk regardless if there's weapons on board or not so that's why these roseanne place and for the most part people follow him and what was interesting about. This is that you know. It's a fair role. I would say their arms right like don't do that. Don't don't smuggle arms with commercial. Airlines is a not a is a. It's a regulation that i don't find unreasonable..
"tigray" Discussed on Bro History
"Where they have and russia to the east in france and england the west so they they're kind of locked an also copious landlocked by the way right. Well tigray now. It kind of makes you think though is that why. Ibm had won the nobel peace prize for creating a military alliance against dplf. I mean you could. You could that you can make that connection. I think i think you the the folks that probably awarded him. The nobelpeaceprize was saying like oh. They're looking at it. From the perspective of the border wars that were occurring between the two countries airtran ethiopia. And they're like okay. Well if they're gonna shake hands and be cool about it. That's fine but i think obviously there will maybe not obviously but at least. I think you're hinting at that. There was some alterior motives And that was primarily the tigray and like aligning themselves together against the tigray. So if you do a good thing about a good thing you know well look what we're at right now. We're at another war right. in that. In that that nobel peace prize at military alliance is one of the ultimate causes for this war. That's going on right now That that alliance between a med obvious madden and Irretrievable is what has caused a pill t. p. l. f. to Get really upset now. The present day conflict begins with hot win. Ibm ed he cancels. Parliamentary elections in september twenty twenty Allegedly due to cove in nineteen right allegedly was it due to cove in nineteen. I don't know other countries have had elections. The united states had elections vol's elections. Maybe they don't maybe they didn't have passes. Maybe they didn't have the capacity to you. Mail in ballots. Maybe they didn't have the capacity. Seems like it'd be a fucking portion power grab. Yep now the t. p. l. f was like what now. That's we know this game. This is something that we would have done this. We would have done something like this right. So what they do. Is they organize their own. Elections and tigray rip in tigray region that were not recognized by the central government and as Abi tried to sir control over the the region On november third of last year.
"tigray" Discussed on Bro History
"In theory the goal was and the suppressive centralized control the state. Because you know there's different regions that are pretty ethnically-based so why not let them have some level of autonomy from that centralized state snow lost. Maintaining kind of a cohesive unit right exactly so we'll have a state but you know we'll everyone every ethnic zone will have its own kind of autonomy and you know they can do what they want and have their own laws and customs and things like that. Meanwhile so no one could be Completely oppressed if the wrong person gets into the becomes president minister at the point of the whole war in the first place because you know the they were suppressing the irritations in the first place and they were suppressing tigray and so in that respect. It's kinda justified and and like a good idea on paper. Yes well what happens is different. Not that yeah but ends up happening. It's not a success story so soon after all right so let me bring this back. The tigray regions they experience a disproportionate amount of economic growth and development when compared to the other ethiopian provinces So you're y soon so soon after coming to power the eprdf. They established the endowment fund for the rehabilitation of tigray which basically distributed large amount of ethiopian capital. An international aid directly to the tigray region At the expense of other regions in the country and as a result tigray had experienced a radical amount of commercial growth while other regions. Were basically just stagnating degrade is everyone. There has a higher. Most people there have a higher income. It's usually more educated There's like a larger the the the the financial Standing is much better in tigray who builds a standard of living is much higher in tigray than the rest of ethiopia now Essentially what really happens. That ethiopia was ruled by a to grain. Cabal that used a state to enrich themselves. Here's where we go. This is where we're going to get the the bad vata letters so yeah basically it was a cabal that was used central to enrich certain parts of the country and and and themselves They're using the government like a piggy bank and what they have been accused of is creating ethnic caste system with the tigray gray on top. Of what what they've also been accused of is that so in the constitution of youth pia. There's succession clause now. What they are said to have done is that they put that clause in there so they could use the power of the central government in order to loot ethiopia's resources and use the ethiopian military to expand the borders of tigray. and then eventually succeed from ethiopia. great so she's basically that's one of the land grab cash. They've been accused of yet. Like you landed cash. Grab bounce once you know they. They've looted enough resources now. The father of this system was Melissa wally or pronounce mealey's in wally and he was a ethiopia's democratically..
"tigray" Discussed on Bro History
"That But the dplf in in the epl f. They were brothers in arms against the communist dirge. they were also both leftist groups too. So they're all marxist-leninist groups so it shows that you can really different brand yourself along anything But i believe the the epl fda eventually turned into maoism so they leave the marxist leninist philosophy and they revert to maoism. But i guess that's a whole different can of worms So the epl f the irretrievable nationalist. They ended up working with the t. p. l. f. in they originally are the ones who are arming. In their training. The tigray nationalist in ethiopia. So they trained. Dplf now the ethiopian civil war that breaks out in the nineteen eighties. It was incredibly brutal. I think westerners look at african conflicts as guys running around with machetes chopping people's hands off. This wasn't the case at all. These were two highly trained armies With russian migs had armored divisions it was a brutal world war. Two tight modern conflict and You know almost two million people were killed. If you include the famine that started due to the war but to oversimplify this the t p l f. so the the armed resistance movement of tigray became the successors of the state of ethiopia after the war was won in nineteen ninety one. So they're the government comes into place after the communist dirge 'cause they want and they took over yes meanwhile the p. l. f. they succeed from ethiopia and they create their own state by nineteen ninety-three. So that makes a follow me right now. Yeah totally so The Era trans and the tigrayans fight a war against the Communist dirge of of most of ethiopia. And they win the grand. They're both they're both leftist groups to write episodes and the are both marxist type like leftist groups right so just to make it more just different brands. Right the different brands. And so they fight this war and they win So but the tigrayans takeover ethiopia and the eritreans bounce. They're like we're going to do our own thing. We're gonna make our own country Exactly cool so caught up all right. So the union between the t. l. f. and the other political coalitions of ethiopia because there's other coalitions in ethiopia. There's only six percent of the population right so that union is called the ethiopian people's revolutionary democratic front. All right say that three times really fast in the ep. Deem or d. f. the epa the eprdf the eprdf. So would they do. They set up a federal government. Or excuse me. A federal republic and the constitution of this new government established an ethnic federal system that gave ethnic groups autonomy from the centralized state. So this was called ethnic federalism.
"tigray" Discussed on Bro History
"But it was really It was unprecedented at the time that this african nation stood up to arts african countries stood up to you. Know a western imperial power But after world war two. Eritrea became a protectorate of the british. And it's eventually annexed by the ethiopian empire nineteen sixty two and it imposes edicts to suppress the iranian language and its national identity which leads to the creation of the eurotree liberation front so the e. p. l. f. Give me a lot of acronyms in this. By the way a lot of acronyms that's episode so just bear with us but the ep l. f. the eritrean liberation front. You may be asking yourself what the hell did have to do. With the with tigray in ethiopia. It will make sense when we're done. So this was an irretrievable. Independence movement so in nineteen seventy four. The emperor of ethiopia has overthrown by a communist military. Giunta called the dirge so the dirge communist basically military dictatorship that control the country for about seventeen years from nineteen seventy four nineteen ninety one but when the dirge takes over It's sparks out it all out war Sparks out between Irretrievable nationalist in the ethiopian military so that urge meanwhile the ethnic t to grands in northern ethiopia They were also frustrated by the concentration of Government power in the south so they formed the tigray people's liberation front so the t p l f not to be confused with company f. So two different and right now. They're both at war with each other. So it makes it even more confusing Your tree inter now. They invaded tigray. And they're involved in this war right but at this time they were friends We're also makes us more interesting in more. Confusing is that I'm not one hundred percent sure of this true or not. i'm sure other people will claim as is different. But from what. I've read tigrayans. The your trends are very similar. Ethnically and linguistically In many consider them the same ethnic group so. I'm just saying that. I've heard that i'm not saying that. As a factor. Not because i'm not. I don't know enough about the ethnicity of the vip to make that claim also far be it from us to tell people what they identify as. So so.
"tigray" Discussed on Bro History
"I thought that was going to be an interesting story. And and people were just like either they loved it or they hated it depending on what side. They felt like they were on. Yeah but mean. I'm not gonna pretend to know. Everything about the the history of ethiopia. But i mean i just wanna talk this out and see here what you think. And maybe this won't courage some people to do some extra research on their own yom but to give you kind of a brief background. So right now in northern ethiopia. There's a war going on. Between the youth. Ethiopian government and tigray tigray is a northern province in ethiopia. And right now We have a situation where it looks like. Thousands of civilians have been killed and almost tune in two million people have been forced from their homes and One point eight million people are on the brink of famine and these are our u n numbers The un tends to use large numbers And of course there are a lot of accounts of systemic rape and atrocities being committed by both sides of the conflict and it was interesting because last week when we were doing our episode on the cia and we were talking about cia airlines. Now you had mentioned to me that you just read the story on on cnn. They did this investigative piece on How i guess european airlines has actually smuggling weapons across the country right. Yep yep so like a couple of days ago like like. I was saying i turn on cnn out of boredom Just to see what. The mainstream was trying to peddle these days. In actually to my surprise they spend an entire twenty minutes segment. Not discussing cova or the pullout in afghanistan or the january capital riots or donald trump. Look at all and instead they use that time to bring up this topic. And i thought that this would be something that you'd only here on a show of like ours and of course it was on the ethiopian war tigray region and while i was pretty surprised to hear about this unseen and i think it took me like two minutes to figure out where we're going with it so like the. I think the idea that they were trying to push the a. We're out of afghanistan time to pivot to the next war. At least that's the way that it felt like. It was framed on the tv but they did put out a really interesting article that i did go ahead and read and i definitely want to talk about in the show but you know i i mean as far as wars go expect taiwan by now but it was kind of an interesting twist so anyway they they ran this segment. And you know it was about that as you said ethiopian airlines was being used to ferry some weapons during the conflict which has been going on over the last year or so and that of course is against international law and it's problematic for a lotteries and as you also pointed out. This was around the same time that we were doing. The research for the cia For our last episode. And you know we talked about air america and how they were doing..
Biden Threatens New Ethiopia Sanctions as Tigray War Widens
"Today. President joe biden signed an executive order authorizing broad sanctions against ethiopian and allied forces involved in the ongoing conflict in ethiopia. The new order does not immediately impose sanctions but it says it will if the parties don't start to negotiate a ceasefire and allow for humanitarian access. The white house is looking to see action in weeks not months. The situation in tigray has become dire. Cnn has uncovered evidence of mass detention sexual violence and horrific killings hundreds of thousands face famine and humanitarian access has been largely cut off. Cnn's nema l. bagger who has reported expensively on the abuses has more on the situation for months now we have been investigating atrocities committed by ethiopian and allied forces into gray. It's clear to us this marks. A new chapter in the ethnic cleansing of the region escapees eye witnesses from the if you open. Border town of hamadeh described to us a renewed campaign of mass incarcerations and executions the numbers. That that's telling us are extraordinary. We're talking about possibly over ten thousand people detained just for being today and they say.
Mental Health Counselling for Displaced Kids in Tigray
"To this week's interview era chance to hear from tigray where spiraling conflict that started last november between ethiopian government forces and separatists has created a humanitarian catastrophe in the north the country. As ever it's the women and children who've suffered most after fleeing for their lives in many cases imagine the impact on young minds on the ground to help them in sheera our mental health counselors from the un's migration agency. I am for the latest. I spoke to media officer cave away. From the international organization for migration in ethiopia. And here she is now if you can imagine them. Im have set up a mental health and psychosocial support clinic in one of the adp sides and overcrowded. Either beside insurer and next to it is an. Im fixed clinic as well which provide medical concentate calls notations other pharmacy and other services by different medical professionals. That's not only just the idp's but also the host communities within this id besides so these are internally displaced people so i no we do fall into acronyms at the united nations but these return displaced people from the tieger conflict. What's the latest from sheera. I'm not sure when you were lost there. But what can you tell us about. How many people have been displaced so far from this conflict in northern ethiopia. Yes the based in. Iom's latest displacement tracking matrix or dtm as we call it We do emergency site assessment. And we're already around six. And on this latest round which i believe covers some the whole month of may we have identified nearly two million internally displaced persons intake dry and neighboring regions of degray amara and afar so that is From two months ago so you can imagine that it is probably more than two million at the moment
Ethiopia Calls "All Capable" Citizens to Fight in Tigray War
"Ethiopia's government on tuesday summoned all capable citizens to war urging them to join the country's military to stop resurgent forces from the embattled tigray region once and for all the call to arms is an ominous sign that all of ethiopia's one hundred ten million people of being drawn into a conflict that prime minister abi ahmed a nobel peace prize winner once declared would be over within weeks. The deadly fighting has now spread beyond tigray into neighboring regions. tuesday's announcement effectively ends. The unilateral ceasefire. The government declared in june as its military retreated from tigray it. He's also almost certain to magnify the toll of a nine month. War that does led to the massacre of thousands widespread gang rapes and displacement of entire communities mostly to gran hundreds of thousands of people in tigray now face famine conditions in the world's worst hunger crisis in a decade the prime minister's summons chilled to grains even outside to gray with the statement calling on all ethiopians to be the is and is of the country in order to track down and expose spies and agents of the tigray forces witnesses and lawyers have said thousands of tigrayans already have been detained during the conflict for their identity alone.
"tigray" Discussed on The World: Latest Edition
"Others imposing fresh sanctions on bellarusse putting the squeeze on strongman alexander lushenko but how much does sanctions actually squeeze their targets. You're not going to snap your fingers impose sanctions and then see some dictator. Throw of potenza. And say i surrender. That's not how it works. Also a triple threat in myanmar political instability covert and hunger. We did a survey. In the poorest areas of yang-gon ninety percent of the people had to borrow money just to buy food. i'm marco werman and observant muslim women in turkey are making a fashion statement with their jobs. Because for us as a huge arby's it's the only thing that is showing the jobs. Bright colors and styles or what become legend most in istanbul these days all of that and more today. You're on the world. i'm marco werman. You're with the world. Thank you for being here for months. Now we've been following the situation in northern ethiopia's tigray region today. The conflict took yet another alarming. Turn the central government abbas now calling on all capable ethiopians to join the military and fight to grind rebels. Alex the wall is following these developments. Closely is the executive director of the world peace foundation and joins us today from london. What is your reaction to the ethiopian. Government calling civilians to fight the to grind. So what does that signal to you. It's a sign of desperation. The to grind defense force has inflicted a succession of military defeats on the ethiopian government. Such that it is in a commanding military position but rather than do what one would hope which is at this point. Seek peak is seeking negotiated settlement. Prime minister i'll be outmanned is doing everything. He can to avoid the inevitable so he is courting full mass mobilization which really has no serious prospect turning the military tied its own for heath europeans to kill each other in larger numbers. Wasn't there a ceasefire in this conflict. There was no she's filed. The government announced a ceasefire when it had been driven out of tyrod but in the next breath the government said we will siege tick ride. We will not let any humanitarian aid in an hunger is the main weapon that they've been using in this war so a so-called ceasefire that did not desist from using starvation as a weapon was not very meaning. Alex do you think there's any appetite ethiopia for full scale conflict. I mean do you expect civilians of military age to actually heed the call of government. Well what has been happening has been some have been heating the core of the government and what is instead of the regular arming fighting against the tig ryan forces that turnaround resistance a whole host of different ethnic militia have been called up but in many cases these ethnic militia have been fighting one another rather than finding the tick ryan resistance. So this really is. I'm afraid is a recipe for the fragmentation that complete collapse of Theo pia as a as a viable political entertain the document calls on ethiopians to fight what referred to as to grind terrorists. Are you concerned that this call to aggression could spread to grant civilians. My worry air would be the large number of crohn's who live in samba. The capital city and and other parts of ethiopia who have been Tenny it by the public statements of the prime minister and other leading officials. most recently. They called the weeds to be uprooted or cancer in the state and these calls for violence against an ethnic group smack of of genocidal incitement. It's very very worrying. This national call document really seems to mark another stunning turnaround for prime minister. Ahmed a man who won the nobel peace prize in two thousand nineteen. Where do you think ethiopia and its leader miscalculated in their dealings with two grinds. I think prime minister amit was always misrepresented. Yes that would genuine democratic reforms that were absolutely necessary when he took office but it all seems to have gone to his head and so i think he grossly overestimated what he could achieve and ended up being really in in a bubble of make believe of alternative reality which has led him into a war leading into authorizing the most terrible atrocities. Finally i just want to follow up. How has prime minister appointed blame on the us. Or problems in ethiopia. What he is saying is that the united states is leading a coalition to misrepresent. What is going on in the country to invent stories about starvation about atrocities about war and to impose a solution that He and by implication the ethiopian people do not like it's frankly an absurd setup claims but it does resonate with a particular brand of his followers who seemed to be committed in a very diehard manner to his very particular vision of the future of ethiopia. Alex walls the executive director of the world peace foundation. He's been speaking with us from london. Thank you very much. You are very welcome. When the world economy ground to a halt last year many workers learned exactly what essential meant for bus drivers doctors in grocery workers to name just a few working from home with mostly not an option also on the list was at us own in mexico a partnership between the us and mexico got thousands of these workers vaccinated this summer but some worry. That won't be enough the world. Daisy contrasts has our story..
"tigray" Discussed on Monocle 24: The Foreign Desk
"I also accept this award. On behalf of africans and citizens of the world for whom the rim of peace has often turned into a nightmare of wall. The have been one or two instances of a person making the transition from some variety of warlord to nobel peace laureate be amid prime minister of ethiopia may be journeying in the opposite direction i call upon the international community to join me and my fellow ethiopians in our inspired efforts of building in peace and prosperity in the horn of africa. I'm at won the nobel peace prize in two thousand nineteen barely a year after becoming prime minister for his efforts to resolve. Ethiopia's simmering border conflict with eritrea a former province of ethiopia which spent decades fighting. Its way out which won independence in nineteen ninety one and has since become a cloistered paranoid east african north korea. It is barely eighteen months. Since our armored accepted the nobel peace going adam breaking the lofty ideals customary on such occasions biz is a liberal of love. Sustaining piece is hard work yet. We must trish a nurture it a few to make war but it takes a village and a nation to build peace. His ethiopia now finds itself well and truly at war this time with itself earlier this week officials on sudan side of its border with ethiopia said that dozens of bodies had been recovered from the river. Between the two countries sudan calls it the settee ethiopia. The takeshi the dead appeared to be people who had either fled the fighting in ethiopia's tigray province or killed during it it is not the first atrocity reported during recent violence in ethiopia. It seems unlikely to be the last and concern is accelerating as to just how grim this might yet get disturbing videos which appear to show. The killing of unarmed civilians in northern ethiopia by people apparently dressed in ethiopian army uniform have been obtained by the bbc. Ahmed is the first ethiopian. Lead to hail from ethiopia's largest ethnic group the oromo prior to his arrival in power ethiopia's politics had long been dominated by two grands who despite comprising just six or seven percent of the country's one hundred twelve million people had not taken their relegation to the margins equitably lost september two gray went ahead with a regional election in defiance of pandemic related postponement of national polls. It was an amid took it. He ordered a suspension of federal funds militia attached to the dominant to gray and party. The tigray people's liberation front looted weapons from ethiopian army bases lost november amid ordered ethiopia's army to pursue a short shop and exemplary resolution to attention which clearly vexed him ethiopia's former foes in eritrea also sent troops into tigray a number of small scale celebrations were captured on social media. Here pro government. Militiamen wave their weapons in western tigray. And a government spokesman said the capital mckelway had been taken with a minimum of fuss things initially appeared to be proceeding more or less. According to mids wishes ethiopia's federal forces took the tegray in capital mckelway. Within a few weeks. And ahmed breezily declared operations over and ethiopia's government began the work of denying or including plentiful and plausible reports of hideous atrocities by ethiopian troops and the eritrean allies but the teepee l. f. having begun life in the nineteen seventies as a guerrilla insurgency became one again after a rebrand as the tigray defense forces. They took the fight back to the ethiopians. The tdf recaptured mccully. In june. the. Ahmed cold a unilateral ceasefire withdrew federal troops from tigray and seemed to be hoping that the tdf would be content to call it a draw. The tdf appeared however to have more expansive ideas equipped partly with kit abandoned by the retreating ethiopians. Their troops marched south into 'em horror and east into far the later expedition.
UN: 100,000 Children in Ethiopia's Tigray Face Deadly Hunger
"The U. N.'s a children's agency says more than one hundred thousand children in Ethiopia's embattled Tigray region could face a serious threats in the coming year UNICEF warns the region's children risk the most extreme life threatening form of malnutrition over the coming months as humanitarian aid remains blocked from the region of some six million people the estimate is a ten fold increase over the usual caseload in Tigray officials from the U. N. and U. S. the visiting Ethiopia over the coming days to press the government to lift what Washington cools the siege of Tigray some two hundred food laden trucks a stock well the only remaining road into the region I'm Charles de Ledesma
"tigray" Discussed on The World Next Week
"Org and on itunes podcast channel religion in foreign policy as always see if our takes no institutional institutional positions on matters of policy. We're delighted to have ambassador. Michelle gavin with us today to talk about the conflict in ethiopia's ethiopia's tigray region. Michelle gavin is currently senior fellow for africa studies at the council on foreign relations. She was formerly the managing director of the africa center. A multidisciplinary institution dedicated to increasing understanding of contemporary africa and prior to distinguished career in the government from two dozen eleven to two thousand fourteen ambassador. Gammon was the ambassador to botswana and served concurrently as a us representative to the southern african development community. She also served part that President obama and the senior director for africa at the national security council and before joining the obama administration ambassador gavin was an international affairs fellow and adjunct fellow for africa at the afar. So michelle. thank you for being with us today. it would be great if you could provide us with an overview of the conflict in tigray region of ethiopia. And talk about what's led up to it and policy recommendations as you see a what we can be doing here From the us vantage point or will thank you so much for inviting me to join you today and thanks to everyone is taking time to engage with this issue which is wine that genuinely does keep me up at night And i think is is keeping a lot of people so this is a conflict that broke out last november but had frankly been along time coming. The ethiopian state had for a decade been governed by a coalition a coalition of political parties. But there was one group that was kind of first among equals that was dominant in this ruling coalition and that was the tepe elf and the tigrayan people's liberation front at so the to which make up about six percent More or less of ethiopia's population there is a theo. Pia is a federation so there are states demarcated on maps with a different kind of local government and sometimes local defense forces as well. The tigrayans had been kind of dominated. Federally intel really at the rise of the current prime minister. Vip prime minister. Abby op-ed who is not great in he is a from is a romo ethnically although his background is is mixed which is true of many ethiopians and also a mixed religious background. Interestingly his father's slim his mother in ethiopia orthodox christian himself is pentecostal so as president. Excuse me prime minister. Abby a Power kind of reform agenda because indian all observers inside and outside ethiopia agreed at that time the ethiopian state wasn't really working. There was a great deal of popular dissatisfaction with the federal government with the center. A lot of political contestation and so he unveiled a reform agenda much of which was celebrated domestically and internationally designed open up political space in the country but part of the reform involved and eliminating some of the kind of preferences and the the sort of first among equals role of the left. So you have to gray in a senior to grains who had long enjoyed very influential roles in politics but also in the economy in the military Finding at some of that power being stripped away and it set up at a fairly antagonistic relationship now over time at the prime minister's reform agenda stalled in some areas. They're still a great deal of discontent in contestation. any theo. Pia aside from in tigray but things really came to a head with the grants around the question of elections so ethiopia in june just completed elections but those elections had been delayed so be original. Election date was postponed because of cova nineteen and the difficulty of of campaigning of organizing the midst of a pandemic. the grands chose to go ahead with elections in their region in defiance of federal authorities. And this really kind of set up a standoff and then the it was you know both sides were clearly mobilizing forces for actual conflict that the spark that lit the tinder was a preemptive attack on the part of two grey enforces on some federal forces in the area. And then what you had was a a devastatingly costly conflict where you ended up with four different armed groups. A in the mix in tigray and civilians suffering. You had the federal ethiopian forces you had the two grain forces pushing back but aligned with those federal forces and very much complicating the picture you had eritrean forces who crossed the border to to support prime minister abbey in this campaign against a teepee aleph and worryingly you had militia forces from 'em hara another very large ethnic group in the country who claim. Some of the land that on maps had been considered not so this devastating conflict which has been accompanied by clear mass atrocities Use of sexual violence as a weapon. Refugees have been attacked health. Care centers have been deliberately destroyed which is a war crime across have been deliberately destroyed and in fact hundreds of thousands of two grains are now living in fan conditions. people have begun to die Because of famine it's a man made famine in tigray. So you have the conflict you have atrocity crimes and you have this devastating lack of food and access to healthcare. We're almost there. Were almost up to the president but something very interesting happened last month. Where essentially the two grands who a more or less have been fighting as a guerrilla force You know they kind of those who weren't immediately killed or captured kind of melted away regrouped in the mountains at the trains ended up reclaiming a great deal of territory from the federal forces. Federal forces then withdrew from the two grain capital for most of tigray and prime minister. Abby announced a unilateral ceasefire. It didn't really meet it. Didn't look like what ceasefires usually look like right with arrangements for communitarian access etcetera but there was this kind of Inflection point in the conflict outwear appear the to grandparents had gained an upper hand. The ethiopian federal forces withdrew with rain did not accept at a ceasefire unconditionally. They wanted the or trans out. They wanted those emperor militia out. Essentially the ceasefire is gone now. A fighting has resumed and has in fact spilled out of teague right into a neighboring region..
Ethiopia's Tigray Crisis: Fleeing for Fear of New Ethnic Conflict
"The BBC is heard fresh reports of ethnic cleansing integrate T grain forces are continuing to extend their control of the region, prompting the Ethiopian government to abandon a unilateral ceasefire. More fighting is now expected in the west of Tigre, an area close to the water with Sudan from where our Africa correspondent Andrew Harding reports. Doing nothing for a young man is struggling to swim across the fast flowing Brown River. He's escaping the conflict into great Safely across the 18 year old tells us he was chased by another ethnic group, The, Um Harris, whose malicious still control this corner of Western to be able to get them. They know you were two grand. They kill or arrest you, He says the militias are everywhere. Within hours, I meet another group of four teenagers who just made the same journey. Some armed soldiers come home to home and they registered their means, and they sold them to leave home. Militia militia and their militias. I'm harem. Alicia's Yes, I'm on a mission. They gave us two days to leave home to to get out of former because we are immigrants. Like many others, these youngsters are fleeing Ethiopia's fast changing war into gray, a war that seemed to be winding down. That could well be just getting started. They've all ended up here on the far side of the river in neighbouring Sudan. The isolated Sudanese farming town of Hyundai at a Tigre and doctor is busy treating more new arrivals. Doctor terrorists to Farrah fled across the border last year. Now he sees clear signs. Of an upsurge of ethnic violence. So there is there is a new search of mass arrest. Thousands of people have been held in camps and with no food and no water, and particularly, they were being told that they are going to be punished by Hank punished by hunger and staffed. Word by
Tigray Officials and Fighters Return to Capital
"After months of fear in the city keyboard by Ethiopian soldiers and forces from neighboring Eritrea who pursued the Tigray regional leaders crowds of Mikayla residents of rush to the local security bureaus to sign up to fight me Kaylee residents will be buoyed by the striking sight along parade of Ethiopian soldiers now held as prisoners of war and by two great leaders and soldiers in the city again well the two great forces now control large areas the region has remained largely cut off from the world with transport and communications links severed all blocked off to months of looting and destruction the U. N. is still highly concerned about the fate of millions of civilians as food run short amid famine conditions I'm Charles Taylor this month
"tigray" Discussed on Was jetzt?
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"tigray" Discussed on Was jetzt?
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"tigray" Discussed on Was jetzt?
Ethiopia denies trying to 'suffocate' Tigray region
"Ethiopia has denied to trying to fulfill the Tigray region by denying access and aid Ethiopia's government has rejected accusations is trying to suffocate the Tigray people by denying them urgently needed food and other aid even as transport and communications links remain seventh in the region the country's foreign minister spoke to reporters a day off to a bridge that's crucial for accessing much of the area was destroyed and the U. N. indicated that special forces from the neighboring Amhara region were to blame I'm horrible authorities about keepod western Tigray a full start hundreds of thousands of ethnic two grands I'm Charles the last month
Tigray Fighters in Ethiopia Reject Cease-Fire as 'Sick Joke'
"Now retaking parts of Ethiopia's Tigre region will pursue soldiers from neighbouring Eritrea back into their country and chase Ethiopian forces back to the capital Addis Ababa. If that's what it takes to weaken their military powers as a conflict that has killed thousands of civilians looks certain to continue. In an interview with the Associated Press spokesman Get it You read a says that the to gray enforces will stop at nothing. To deliberate every square inch of the Tigre region of six million people, nearly eight months after fighting erupted between the tea Great forces and Ethiopian soldiers backed by Eritrea. He rejected the unilateral ceasefire Ethiopia's government declared yesterday as a sick joke and accused Ethiopia of long denying humanitarian aid to the two grands that now pretends to care about. Ethiopia declared the unilateral ceasefire as its soldiers and handpicked regional interim administration fled the Tigre regional capital. Following some of the fiercest fighting of the war. The comments were sure to bring new alarm from the United States, United Nations and others who have pressed for an end of the fighting in Africa's second most populous country. It has sent hundreds of thousands of two grains into the world's worst famine crisis in a decade. Coletta Guangzhou be reports from Addis Ababa The Ethiopian government says it has decided to implement a ceasefire in its northern region to allow farmers to till their land and return life to normal. See after months of displacement. However, the two great defense forces says it has taken back control of the region. It says its forces have forced Ethiopian troops out of my Kelly and it has shown no interest in being part of the ceasefire declared by the government of Prime Minister A. B Ahmed. The United Nations says over four million people have been affected by the conflict and are in need of emergency assistance, of which one million Are internally
Ethiopia Declares Immediate, Unilateral Cease-Fire in Tigray
"Ethiopia's government has declared an immediate unilateral ceasefire in its Tigray region often eighty eight months off deadly conflict as Tigray fighters occupied the regional capital if if his statement was carried by state media shortly after the Tigray interim administration led the regional capital to Kaylee I'm cool for a ceasefire on humanitarian grounds so that desperately needed aid could be delivered meanwhile city residents cheered the return of Tigray rebel forces well the Ethiopian government soldiers retreated the C. spot could calm a war was destabilized Africa's second most populous country on Monday the US UK and Ireland cool cool an emergency open meeting of the security council over the Africa crisis I'm Charles at the last month
Witnesses Say Airstrike in Ethiopia's Tigray Kills Dozens
"A deadly airstrike has hit a busy market in a village in Ethiopia's northern Tigray killing dozens medics into gray's regional capital have told the Associated Press they were unable to confirm how many people were killed but one doctor said health workers at the scene reported more than eighty civilian deaths the conflict began in November when Ethiopian forces supported by those from neighboring Eritrea issued to graze former leaders the stopper with an international aid group who had spoken with a colleague at the scene since it was horrific we don't know if the jets will coming from Ethiopia or Eritrea they're still looking for bodies by hand I'm Charles the last month
Voting Underway in Ethiopia
"When ethiopia's prime minister abe hamad first came to power. He framed himself as the leader of law and order. Who would clear the way for the country's first free and fair elections well today. Millions of ethiopians will last had the chance to vote in parliamentary poll. But the twice delayed election is taking place amid raging famine and a devastating civil war in the northern tigray region. Well i'm joined now by. Mary harper the bbc's africa editor. Mary thanks for coming on. Millions are indeed going to the polls today. but it's certainly not the whole country. Why isn't everyone voting. Yes about a fifth of the constituencies in ethiopia are not holding elections today including a as you mentioned the whole of the tigray region which has been in a state of civil war since november last year. But even though the tigray has got the main kind of media interest and international focus because the situation there is so gruesome and basically hungary's being used as a weapon of war. There are lots of other parts of ethiopia. Weather's been ethnic insecurity Really over the last few years. Since the prime minister abe met came to power so people have been unable to vote in those regions as well which stretch across many different parts of ethiopia
"tigray" Discussed on First Person
"I tink the most effective way is Contacting particularly american see in america have a very important role player contacting local or their congress in representatives and senators is a great help dole that have bischel influence if they can make that public. is also immensely important news important contribution Anyone else. I think as much as you can. You can draw attention to this on social media and End in the way you can that's These are great contributions. think but the most important is actually Talked to local representatives. And i know that you've been very active twitter. Sharing information about what's happening are there particular hashtags on twitter that you think our listeners should be following the main one is to grudge genocide. That's the one everyone is using. And if you follow that and if you follow Some advocacy groups like too hot. That's h. a. T. and we will keep yourself updated on now on the latest on that front great. Thank you so much for your timeless. This can for sharing your insights with our listeners. Thank you so much for having me on. That was episode. One hundred seventeen the genocide in tigray ethiopia from africa. My thanks to kimmy dion rachel beatty ridell ufa ohama africa africa for sharing their podcast with us. And that's all for foreign policy playlist this week. If you liked what you heard please subscribe and if you want to suggest a great podcast please email us at podcast at farm policy dot com. The show is hosted by me. Amy mckinnon is produced by zone peres. Rob sachs and rosie julian our executive producer. Podcasts is done ephron..
"tigray" Discussed on First Person
"Their partisan history in this conflict so initially in the war The african union commission chair mussa foggy embrace the war. Very overtly justifying saying that this was within the sovereign rights of each to crush the rebellion in the north as he called it and this i think was problematic for many reasons. First of all this was not a domestic affair. The involvement of which makes any international conflict. Secondly the mass atrocities being committed also means that one cannot hide this under the concept of of sovereignty and the african union. I think was a the actor that had the biggest moral responsibility was the closest and could potentially be the most effective in Stopping the conflict early on november but instead will sell funky embraced the war and and encouraged to continue with his conflict. Now this i don't think african union would have done this with any other country in africa. African union has a long history of treating it differently. Doesn't i can recall a moment where it's actually confronted with your balance human rights and democratic deficiencies and many people attribute this to the fact that african union's headquarters is in is in addis ababa in that yes in that gives them leverage that other african countries do not have so based on this history. We it we would be a very unreasonable and to involve an actor that has so Vocally embraced one side in the conflict to be involved in the investigation and the same problem with the same problem applies to the human rights commission. The commissioner don beca has since it's been appointed by abi as as a as commissioner has displayed a very selective in almost curated reporting pattern when it comes to human rights violations in job on some of the patterns that we see our that the human rights commission is very quick to investigate cases that the government can use for propaganda purposes so there was a massacre in them. A place called my cadre. I few weeks into the war and it took the human rights commission just a couple of days to send a team at that the massacre and within two weeks they concluded that the perpetrators were two grand side in the government. Used this as a As a propaganda tool to mobilize people for the war on the other hand there was a major massacre in axiom that has been fairly well covered by human rights. Watch and amnesty and so forth in which hundreds of people were massacred For several days by chinese troops. I think it was a late november. Now this was you know. A lot of people are talking about this weight of evidence. This had happened early on but this was ignored by the japan. Human rights commission until amnesty international made a report about this in february in which case after that happened. They immediately said that they would investigate. And this is The pattern in which lead up numerous commission has been rating the reports that it may produce in order to cover up or benefit government could wrapping up the global economy be as simple as one change empowering women in the workplace studies have shown countries could potentially increase economic growth by more than twenty five percent. Why isn't it happening to get there. You have to look at what's wrong with the system. I am rita nine in. And i'm excited to share you the hidden economics of remarkable women. A new podcast from foreign policy sharing stories of women creating change through economic empowerment. We'll go to kenya to see how a new approach to franchising. Childcare centers is changing the lives of both mothers and female entrepreneurs make if we can start framing as an economic issue but childcare will lease this potential for women to birth weaken boost the economy in india. Ah push to bring more visibility to women working informally or under the table creating pressure to provide benefits and security. These women did not. Is the evidence early to showcase. What's really happening. I didn't gonda. Women are finding greater economic freedom by pooling their money and finding strength is a group and challenging gender dynamics within their own homes. What was amazing. Was that over. The course of these hustled dialogues. They saw tangible changes in men's savings behavior and men's communication critical analysis ideas for emerging stronger and stories of perseverance from real women around the globe. Please subscribe to foreign policies. Hero the hidden economics of remarkable women. A new podcast with support of the bill and melinda gates foundation. Find it wherever you get your podcasts. So we're now talking in may which is three months after these reports of what happened in action have been public in has the the opium human rights commission written any issued any report. Nothing substantial So do you know the moment. They cannot hide atrocities anymore. They sort of halfway recognize. These atrocities have have have taken place in. They say that they went to look into it. So for example my cadre which they concluded were committed by grants exclusively in now in november. Now they tell us that They've also come across evidence that suggests that the government was also involved that the hira militias were involved and this is six seven months later and apparently they've been sitting on this information but not reported it so it's very After it's a very sophisticated. Pr machinery that. They're running because they managed to produce just to be seen.
"tigray" Discussed on FP's The Editor's Roundtable (The E.R.)
"Initially in the war The african union commission chair mussa foggy embrace the war mary. Overtly justifying saying that this was within the sovereign rights of each to crush the rebellion in the north as he called it and this i think was problematic for many reasons. First of all this was not a domestic affair. The involvement of which makes any international conflict. Secondly the mass atrocities being committed also means that one cannot hide this under the concept of of sovereignty and the african union. I think was a the actor that had the biggest moral responsibility was the closest and could potentially be the most effective in Stopping the conflict early on november but instead sell funky embraced the war and and encouraged to continue with his conflict. Now this i don't think african union would have done this with any other country in africa. African union has a long history of treating it differently. Doesn't i can recall a moment. Drowsy subsistence where it's actually confronted with your balance human rights and democratic deficiencies and many people attribute this.
"tigray" Discussed on The Daily
"So it sounds like this is really above and beyond anything. Anyone expected this new leader to produce absolutely and then at the end of two thousand nineteen after just eighteen months in power. I now call upon the noble peace prize laureate of twenty nine teen to come forward and give his nobel lecture prime minister nobel peace prize comes knocking and they award the most prestigious prize to be armored. I am honored to be here with you. Today and grateful wage in nobel committee in recognition of the peace deal with eritrea. We have released all political prisoners. Have shutdown attention facilities where torture and human rights abuses took place but also for his domestic reforms at home and for helping to turn ethiopia into this country that suddenly hope for the region and indeed for the continent we are creating. that is second to none and it's gone off rhythms of expression while the nobel peace prize. That is quite an honor. It was amazing. So low login nagging monday king of auto piece.
Humanitarian Crisis in Ethiopia's Tigray At "Tipping Point"
"We start today here in africa. Tens of thousands of malnourished children are at risk of dying in ethiopia is to gray region. That's according to the united nations and humanitarian groups. Working in the area. Tommy thompson is emergency coordinator for the world food program. This is a crisis of certainly food security. But it's really a crisis of access protection issues preventing us from doing work it's rewire it's an incredibly dangerous environment for. I'll be working out. There have been mind. Humanitarian have been killed thus far on every day. We have our chain senses. The ngos partners everybody who's trying to operate north find themselves challenged checkpoints. They're increasingly hostile on in some of these checkpoints. We have our beneficiaries having the things that are given luton for men if opium prime minister abby amid sent government forces into tegray in november to disarm leaders of the tegray people's liberation front. He blamed the group for attacks on army camps but international watchdog groups accused government forces of widespread atrocities against civilians and now humanitarian agencies say ethiopian forces and troops from neighbouring area. Tra are keeping relief shipments out of the region the un estimates more than a quarter million people into gray now face famine conditions.
In Tigray, Food Is Often a Weapon of War as Famine Looms
"Start with Ethiopia because a major news survey led by the United Nations says the 350,000 people in the Tigray region of Ethiopia are now living in a state of catastrophe with entire region and millions of people at risk of famine in the next few months if fighting escalates. Indeed, the UN's humanitarian chief, Mark Lo Kok, insists family is happening now already integrate. The BBC heard from some of those facing a dire situation funky with we were hiding and living in a cave for more than three months because of the war, we will only eating roasted barley. Six people died and we had to bury them during the evening as it was not possible to do it during the day. Um, shut down. There were about 20 of them. They gathered around my house and thrashed. All my crops have nightmares of my house from before it was burned and we had to flee to another area. They kept getting closer, burning all the harvested crops and straw. They burned everything I had No, my shoot. When are we doing? While the Ethiopian government has disputed the U. N led survey's findings, saying there are no food shortages, but some limited problems with
UN: Famine Is Imminent in Ethiopia's Embattled Tigray Region
"The United Nations says famine is imminent in Ethiopia's embattled Tigray region and in the country's north the U. N.'s humanitarian chief mark Lowcock warns the service that hundreds of thousands of people or more will die he says degraded calling me this be destroyed along with businesses crops on farms and the international community needs to really step up including through the provision of money no one knows how many thousands of civilians or combatants have been killed six months of political tensions between Ethiopian president update on his government and the Tigray leaders who once dominated Ethiopia's government exploded into war last November I'm Charles de Ledesma
Ethiopian Orthodox Church Patriarch Condemns Tigray 'Genocide'
"Get his message out of Ethiopia at last week in here, his words Robin is here by that action based you appear today all over Ethiopia and in T dry in particular many barbarism have been conducted. I tried several times to say this. But all my messages have been blocked till now. I haven't had the opportunity to get my message out through the media. It's clear that the problem is everywhere, including a romir bench angle, a sure rob it and so on. But what is happening in T dry is the worst brutality and cruelty. What's happening is the carnage of people, particularly the killing of innocents. God will judge everything. But people are dying, dying terribly. Women are being raped and they are in pain. The men who died. Ah, luckier than these women who are suffering churches are being destroyed in Merriam dangling. It's not the fault off the tee, bright people The whole world should know this. And now they do the strongly worded accusation of genocide from the head of Ethiopia's Orthodox Church. These air his first public comments on the war from the elderly Patriarca Boonie Mattias, who's from the Tigre region himself as he addresses millions of followers and the international community. The video is