35 Burst results for "Thatcher"
"thatcher" Discussed on Uncommon Knowledge
"Gays having made the suggestion that the the coffin should not be only on carriage. She thought it quite excellent we come to a summing up. I wonder whether just another couple of questions but another another clip here and this is someone who honest. I almost certain the two of you must have known each other while you'll see. He's very much. Mrs thatcher side and yet she felt that she had to embellish it with a complete doctrine which she borrowed from the institute of economic affairs in about the the need for a market market solutions to every social problem. Now i'm paid for malka solutions where they apply but not every social problem does have a market solution and there are. There is a need for the maintenance of traditions in in education And in culture and in the law which are not traditions of free enterprise but much more conditions of some kind of collective renunciation the people of the state renunciation of one's own Individuality as what culture is partly so. And i think he wasn't sensitive to that aspect of things charles overwhelmed the doctrine the everything fit into an economic doctrine and she missed things as a result agree. I should say that was that. Was the lake. Roger scrutiny in an interview for years ago you did know you must have known. Because of course i did. I just written about him yesterday. She's love fox hunting other for the for the foundation of his starting in the united states but i'm roaches onto something but i think he exaggerates. Member is what. Mrs thatcher was up against the problem. She's trying to deal with as with all politicians. What are they trying to do with at the moment in which they gain a and what she was trying to deal with was too much socialism too much government interference in too much economic failure and therefore she had to talk about free markets individualism. Opportunity enterprise getting the state off the backs of the people and so on because that was the big issue at that moment and it didn't mean that that was all she was interested in. She had a strong sense of british tradition. She had a romantic who is accurate idea. Bushy history she loved the british forces. She understood the importance of social order. And the she had a strong idea of a christian social order and she had an idea of the beauty of our heritage and culture all things. There's rule things that roger himself admires. They all they're all in her. I think she's rather fascinating mixture over conservative conservative and radical conservative and both those things were sort of competing within her nature in a creative manner just a couple of final questions. Two decades of work charles two decades of work. And now it's done. What can i say what comes next for you. Which is of. I mean you right for the spectator right for the television. You're a busy man. I honestly i don't know how you were able to do all the writing on the side so to speak while you're working on the biography. Still in all you've got a big hole in your life. How do you intend to fill it. Just right now peter. I'm rather pleased to have a whole and actually doesn't seem as he doesn't seem as big a hole to me as as you might think because same seems to be going on the world's getting madden's returns to write about it and i'm not having time hanging heavily on my hands. I do have a theory about writing books. Which is if you wonder whether a book should be written. You probably shouldn't write it. You should any rising. 'cause you really must write it and i felt when i got the see store to open to write this book such an important story and such extrordinary access that it be mad not to rise to be wrong. I not looking to do another book for the sake of it or even because it might be a bit of fun. It's got to be really were set extraordinary because there have been very busy an editor over the years in a writer what i realized. Is that writing. A book is far more demanding than any of those other things. Because it's fundamentally say linley and you have to be so architect of an enormous structure when you call really why can't really make ground plan and and so I i've done that. And i very pleased and honored to have done it. And i'm not rushing to do meals out. I i see that. Mrs thatcher laid the foundation. All you had to do charles was built the cathedral on topic. It is a magnificent thing one last time. Just for the sheer pleasure of just a few more seconds of margaret thatcher six days before she leaves office a single currency is about the politics of europe. It is about a federal europe.
"thatcher" Discussed on Uncommon Knowledge
"This sort of direct relationship between mrs thatcher and millions of voters even when she didn't like her but still understood what she was talking about. It was very very important. That summer doesn't come through. She seems pretty. Cut off from reality in the crown and of course yes you'll political accounts that the crime gives his very much suspended if we version said as ludicrous scene when the man. Who got into the queen's bedroom sort of vagrant who goes in gives the book queen lecture labor party speech of the period about why mrs cetera say wicked and queen appears to agree with and says afterwards when somebody says the man's lunatic he's she's no no. He's the fool in king lear as a very wise somehow which the queen not interested in shakespeare. And doesn't like you read this or unreality they're right. I thought some of the stuff with the queen was well done that sort of the tension and unease between the two of this. What does that was right. But the rudeness was utterly wrong on both sides they would never literally never rude to another one of the things that people can't get hold of they always want in these dramas but the queen and mrs thatcher to have an audience never ever happened. Never literally no one specific point. mrs thatcher. Never would've asked the queen to dissolve parliament as she doesn't cry leak absurd bit when she's falling from office when she rushes to the patios and says please found that say that i didn't have to leave office. I mean why would mean by the way that wouldn't mean she didn't leave officer would probably she did but but it's just unthinkable hoping would never queen would never have agreed. Figures bilge by the way john settlement. Sorry was stick with parents moment. Longer chano sullivan made the point. The other day that the important relationship in the royal the queen mrs thatcher an an often uncomfortable relationship although respectful to return in a moment but that the queen mother and mrs thatcher understood each other and got on famously is that so that is correct yes. I think it's partly to do with different roles and the queen mother having been sort of todd since nineteen fifty two had a certain greater freedom. Where's the queen has to be an she particular feels his. I think it totally correct so it will be on of to be seen to favor one prime minister rather than another and she doesn't think that way obviously she might prefer one to another but she never ever discloses something which suggests A political view in any sort of partisan mana and so that that's part of the reserve all the time and we it was sort of obviously patriotic. And she thought that mrs actual restoring britain's greatness. I think of simple as that. I see charles. Can you final question about the palace. I think our listeners. Our viewers are going to be americans. Can you sum up you note that there were tensions between mrs thatcher and the queen but that mrs thatcher leaves office and the queen gives her the order of merit which is in the sovereign's personal gift. It's not given on anybody's advice later. She makes mrs thatcher of a what garter dame is that the way to put it garter night again. That's the highest honor in britain. Only twenty four seats and saint george's chapel. It's in the sovereign's personal gift. Yeah she attends mrs thatcher seventieth birthday celebration the queen attends mrs thatcher's eightieth birthday celebration. And then as you note you note all of this of course but then as you note the queen attends mrs thatcher's funeral the first time. The sovereign has attended the funeral the prime minister since the funeral of winston churchill. So it is clear that the queen had whatever the personal difficulties or awkward. Misses the queen. Esteems mrs thatcher very highly. Why do we care. Why in your system does it matter. Why did it matter to mrs thatcher. That the queen's lot. Just i guess what i'm saying explained the. This is twenty twenty one by the time most people see this and you and this ninety five ninety four ninety five year old lady still matters in britain why well partly for the basic constitutional reason that she's the head of state and she really fulfills that role as an ex officio and in pesonality and in head on jeopardy she represents continuity and trust and very few of us can remember any other way You know i'm sixty four. And i was born off to the queen came to the throne and I mean there's an extraordinary extraordinary Thing and mrs thatcher. A strong mona kissed the strong tradition is despite her in some ways revolutionary tendencies and it matter tremendously that respect. She felt for the queen's should be Understood by the public and She would worry about queens. Good opinion doesn't really bestow praise and she doesn't even list the she bestow criticism she's very she keeps it all in and so had for example. If she thinks it's a queen thinks dumb. You might be making a mistake. She will never say you'll make a mistake. She might say. Are you sure about his places it gets and you say you should. So she says a lot by saying very little the interesting thing about their relationship is unique and a bit of a short for both of them. The head of state and the head of government both women in almost completely man's world and it took a bit of getting used to on both sides. But you'll compete you right to come back to the respect. It was very important that the queen did things you said about the order of merit ghardaia so on and coming to the funeral only when she attended other than churchill's and a friend of mine spoke to her afterwards and said something about it was a wonderful funeral but did she did. Mrs torelli deserve the gun. Carriage should normally which carried her coffin known association victory in wool which was fiction. Boris mobile the falcons.
"thatcher" Discussed on Uncommon Knowledge
"And we said in so don regan. Walk down the hall to the oval office and where we could hear from the president himself and this is shortly after a myth. All right so yes. There's no doubt that's going on. And we speechwriters thought. The old man had gone soft on communism but is it. Isn't it also possible. That mrs thatcher she shared some of the honestly the confusion and naive. Gorbachev himself reagan's regencies all the way to the bottom of communism he knows the system cannot soviet. Communism cannot be reformed. Remove the gulag. Remove the iron fist and it will collapse whereas she really does seem to suppose that the soviet union the soviet communism itself could be reformed. Alright i now leave it to you to tell me why i'm wrong gesture anti somewhere. I don't think she really thought that. I think she really thought that soviet communism a reformed but i think she felt that they were winning to take up. The reagan phrase They the westwood winning and the company's losing and it was a due to manage the defeats of the communist royalva. Them let extreme violence break out. She was always very concerned by a reactionary communism that would hurt outdoor rejection. Nitty succeeded in the air after just obvious ninety-one and she wanted to miss orderly possible transition and she didn't want the russians kidding people in eastern europe or indeed. Anyway i see and so it was a sort of management is you. You feel that more. If you're live on the continent of europe than if you of course live way. Way in from way away from there in the united states. It didn't think it was a fundamental disagreement with reagan on that point that it was quite a big difference of degree. Right right okay. God europe nineteen seventy-three britain joins the european union or as it was at the time the european economic community with the support of margaret thatcher. Nine hundred eighty eight. Prime minister thatcher gives an address in bruges belgium during that speech. She says this of course is in herself alone. We have not successfully rolled back. The frontiers of the state in britain only to see them reimposed at a european level with european superstate exercising. A new dominance from brussels close quote in europe. You write this speech caused. This is your these are your words. Absolute horror between seventy three and eighty eight. Let changed and she goes to the european community veterans. She didn't like what she saw. She really never anything about foreign affairs. Until nineteen seventy nine when she became prime minister and then she had bruising four year negotiation about trying to get a budget rebate out of them. And this on rub into to soul about as a result of that and she never was a mad enthusiast for european community because she was worried about sovereignty but she felt it was an economic necessity and she thought it was useful in the cold war as communist alliance closer encounters with it made have more disillusioned but even in the bruges speech that you quote from. That's a eurosceptic speech but an end to european speech. She's not saying let's get the hell out of here. It's more trying to make a bigger better york. She says speech. We must never forget the prague budapest and also a great european cities which is throwing down a gauntlet to the soviets but also to the to europe to to the european community because they were germans johnson. These places there. She was saying bigger looser. Please let's not have more stadium. Let's have a looser alliance of democratic nations because you're right in the trajectory you at your question implied so that she gets more and more cross and by the time she left office in the end of nineteen ninety. She was very angry indeed because she didn't want to single currency that was being proposed. We can we come to that. I've got a clip this is this is prime minister's question time november twenty. Second nineteen ninety. She has already announced that she will stand down in the leadership contest and indeed on six days later on november twentieth. She leaves downing street for the last time. And in this clip. We here someone shout. She'll be governor and what he means as governor of the european central bank. You tell us whether she intends to continue her own personal fight against a single.
"thatcher" Discussed on Uncommon Knowledge
"Was that they really disagree about nuclear weapons. Yes can i. Can i come to that a bit. Because you know i just. It's frustrating to try to talk about the third volume of the huge work in which you so brilliant at portraiture which i'm getting. I'm listening some of that from you now. But the amazing thing is the way we've into this policy always remaining accessible straightforward clear and so forth but you cover a lot of policy. So can we just just almost as an example of the work in herself alone. Let me take you through. A couple of these differences between mrs thatcher and mrs reagan. If i may and just have you have you explicatives for us. So you cover the nine hundred six reykjavik summit between reagan and gorbachev in volume to her at her zenith briefly. Reagan and gorbachev close to agreeing to eliminate entire classes of nuclear weapons at which left mrs thatcher horrified and now to quote this volume herself alone possibility. That reagan might again offer to get rid of nuclear weapons without regard to soviet overwhelming superiority in conventional forces. Gnawed away at her. Mrs thatcher and reagan never converged in their ultimate vision. He retained his dream of a non-nuclear future. She never lost her faith in the nuclear deterrent. Can you spell that out for us by the way. Reagan was still. I think there's still a lingering reputation mistaken but reputation of reagan is a warmonger. Yeah yeah it's very fascinating. And i think it may be to do with something that she mrs. Reagan observed that. It was fundamentally optimistic and mrs socialists. So this is such a had a more. I think ultimate. She was optimistic that she because she believed in the power of freedom but she was very very alert to threats freedom and she did not think that once nuclear weapons had been invented. It was going to be taken off the face of the earth. And if that if it wasn't you had to have it. If you were an important power in the free world you had to have it. She really truly believed deterrence theory. Reagan i think that's not all the time but broadly speaking thought that it was so terrible. The prospect of the destruction of everything and everybody that you had to do everything you could to get rid of it and the ultimate could be down cool. Spotify's interested in strategic defense initiative. Which actually mrs thatcher came to support for more tattoo. And and that i think was the difference. It could have produced the most terrible ructions. It did produce some russians and the specific fish she had was britain and europe will be left in the lurch in a way that united states wouldn't be because i to not be subject to conventional invasion by the soviet union but we could have been so that was a big problem and she thought that reagan reykjavik. That was the worst moment for her and might sort of as as some people. I'm just sold the shop and plus everybody and condemned the world tour incredibly unstable situation but the point was that one. And why didn't this cools a real forty out between them and the answer is because they wanted the same thing. They wanted to win the cold war and they knew they were doing it together and they wanted to win it for the usual reasons all countries but also because they actually wanted the freedom of the countries of eastern europe and of the soviet union itself. They cared about the citizens of those places which normal geopolitics hadn't cared about much. And so they had a coma peppers and that sort of them through the whole thing. I want wanna come back to the policy differences between the two of them. Actually they differed on gorbachev to return to that. But you just touched on something that you that you elucidate in the book and you are argue that mrs thatcher is the first prime minister since churchill which means not at lii. Not heath not wilson. None of them not callahan. She's the first prime minister since churchill. You are you who really feels at a human level for the people of eastern europe. Yes i think that's definitely true and it very well. She actually hated communism fundamentally. She didn't just think you to a danger in the world order where this maybe a problem because soviet rather she did thing that she was very concerned indeed about that. This is an evil system. If you like. The reagan's phrase and evil empire and the world shouldn't continue like that and the fundamental reason why it was evil was its oppression of its own people even more than than the threats to other people and she particularly moved by that indicates of poland for which she had a very close affinity but actually true rulers countries and for the soviet people themselves. And that's why they responded to miss extraordinary scenes perhaps in her permit with those that took place in the eastern bloc when she visited multiple moscow hundred seven in poland in one thousand nine hundred eight. And actually i'll media And ukraine just before she left office enormous crowds huge huge sort of moving spectacle of people looking to her and sharing her and so ceo went allowed to in theory and.
"thatcher" Discussed on Uncommon Knowledge
"Margaret we. Our audience is going to be substantially americans. Let's just go straight to. What is likely to interest. Americans herself alone. Quote the coincidence of such like-minded occupants of the white house and ten downing street in power for eight years together had never happened before and has not happened. Since you don't mean to suggest that. Mrs thatcher and well let me just how would you compare the working relationship between margaret thatcher and ronald reagan as against say churchill. Fdr or later. George w bush and tony blair will one key. Difference was the friendship between margaret thatcher and reagan was forged in adversity. They met one another full years before she came into office and Five and a half years before he came into office he was out in wilderness. Actually he'd ceased to be governor california and he was running out for the nomination he didn't get in nine hundred and seventy six. She had just become leader of the conservative posse and so in these adverse times when their views on the cold war and their views about economics. were ready unfashionable. They met and they immediately hit it off. And they media saw how much they agreed and they like one another very contrasting personalities And then she wins. To four years later she becomes prime minister governor reagan ex-governor reagan telephones ten downing street to congratulate you on the switchboard went. Put him through because they didn't think he's important so he so he had to wait until a bit later when i think he sent a letter which got through to her and but that was a very interesting thing and of course. She was pleased that he hadn't been put through and so by the time he became president. She was already well advanced on her journey office which was proving extremely difficult at the beginning. And so you have the timing the friendship and the sheds views and then 'cause she won three elections and because new. Us president is alive more than two terms. She was actually the british prime minister for the whole of his time in office. And so this fdr churchill that was forged when they were both at the top pretty much. Yes fame with Ah bush and bush junior and bear hit something that went back and had much placed ideological impersonal affinity. Charles you quote frank carney who served in the final couple of years of the reagan administration as national security advisor and then secretary of defense. Here's frank carlucci. Wants ronald reagan. Got through the talking points in the issues. He wanted to tell jokes and have a light conversation. But margaret was constantly business. They seem to be talking past each other but in the end it all came together. Close quote how on earth did it all come together. I might i. I don't know if ever mentioned this. But bill clark once said to me he was national security advisor early in the administration and mrs in meetings in the oval office. Whenever she had something cross or difficult to say she would turn to him and say judge. Clark how could you have permitted this to happen. And then the and the and bill clark would look at. The president who was smiling of course was going on and he put. How did it all come together. They may have admired each other. But my goodness were they different kinds of people totally totally he very laid back very general Some would say almost lazy she Working flat out very serious. Not many jokes. Some charm all right but not many jokes and just very different she he she much the executive he more. The presidential figure it's to do with the disappearance systems of government. And but i think it was sort of complicity. They had i think they thought okay. We have to have the willies officials. They they matter in a way but actually we agree more even than we can say about a lot of things and we want to help one another. And that's what we're going to do and She had a ways of doing it. Which partly using feminine charm. Which i think is an important aspect of her story and she she had a sort of it. Sounds a bit explicit sexual attraction to run right. I didn't mean it was in any sort of naughty way. But she liked this tool impressive looking actor. She liked his mom and she's what he was the sort of classic american and she liked. He liked what he saw as a classic english lady margaret thatcher and there was definitely a sort of elegant flirtation now and a sort of almost an a private communication which was beyond officialdom thing. That was important. And you'll say knew how to run something past the system and she used her handbag to do that that she literally is to handbag to do that because she would have a few things in the bag which was suddenly come out and so nobody could know in advance what was coming and she'd bag and she's now what about this and the piece of paper would come was making a point or a quotation that she wanted and she'd wave something she'd read in the newspaper and and this was a way of getting around the system despite her attacked us in some ways in her sometimes fractious behavior is actually very good diplomat when she wanted to be she always did want with the president and she also very flattering and friendly to him and differential because he's a leader of the free world when she didn't agree my goodness she could make him feel it and the were several issues. That's and i think it's important. Because it shows the strength of their friendship to recognize that they had strong disagreement and one was about the falkand islands which they ever came and he backed britain's re-conquest ones about the american invasion of grenada. When he cut he cut her. Reagan cut her out of inflammation and she was extremely upset about that and it took a lot of work to bring that to get back together again at least told me that he was with. The president was with the president. When the call came through from mrs thatcher on grenada and the president literally went like this. She was she was at him at him so hot and heavy and he hung up and said to ed. Meese margaret was not happy. Yes we'll let that. was it very much. So and the of mended fences had to be mended. That and the big big one so big that people.
New Years Eve Festivities
"Happy new year listeners. We made it as finally less than twenty four hours left in the year. Twenty twenty if you're just joining us. Welcome i'm alistair myrddin. And this is superstitions a spotify original from podcast in this podcast we use short stories to explore the ways in which human beings interact with luck and fate in each episode. We peel back the layers of mystery surrounding peculiar rituals totems and practices. Today's episode is a very special one. C. you may not believe in santa claus leprechauns or the easter bunny. But new year's eve is the one holiday where everyone becomes a little superstitious because the future is uncertain and new year's eve is when we take a moment out of our lives to face that uncertainty head on according to cultures around the world. What you do on new year's eve will determine the trajectory of the next three hundred and sixty five days for good and ill. So maybe don't relax on this. Last day of twenty twenty after ruled a whole new year is at stake coming up. We'll see some practices from people around the globe and hope none of them drop the bowl. Time never stops it. Never waits never stand still for anyone throughout human history. We've given it to name a face a persona. Even cronos carla banged goon. Bang rune the knowns father time all these deeds he's only there to moscow truth. That time is the one thing that will remain forever out of human control when our story starts time is running out all over the world. It was already january. First in the area known as ut. C plus fourteen the earliest time zone senator earth but in the western hemisphere it was still december thirty first and all manner of hustling and bustling was afoot in. London beleaguered playwrights. Emily jordan would receive a parcel from her irish mother containing a single sprig of mistletoe. And a note saying. Please put this under your pillow when you go to sleep tonight. Emily knew what this charm was supposed to mean. It was a way to ensure a single woman found romance in the new year in atlanta georgia griffin. The hair murphy was also rushing out for some last-minute groceries. He found himself laying. Low the business partner darius who insisted they have collard greens and black-eyed peas. Dinner who was griffin to deny a southern tradition. Farther north america's central hub for new year's new york city was teeming with activity there. Ruth oltman gathered dozens and dozens of confetti poppers and blowers of various sizes. She was once told that noisemakers with scare off evil spirits and in her haunted brooklyn apartment complex. She wouldn't take any chances at the same time in midtown manhattan. A man named thatcher refused to loan out any money to his friends. He saw on a logistical online. That it was bad luck too low. Now money new year's eve it lonely guarantee they'll keep coming back to you for the rest of the year. Each of these individuals was engaged in different superstitious ritual. They followed wildly different rules. That had originated in different parts of the globe yet. They all had the same purpose to ensure good fortune of one form or another in the coming year. What none of these people realized indeed. What very few people understand is that it wasn't just their personal luck on the line. For new year's eve is special. It's a gateway in time a moments when all humanity takes a deep breath then walks hand in hand into the future and it's in moments like these that anything can happen
There Is Real Value In The 'Truthiness' Of Fictionalised History
"Fictionalized. History is essentially where you take something out of history and event or person and you sprinkle on a little bit of featuring a little bit of creative and poetic license if you like to try and make that story. More relatable more understandable more relevant to a modern audience perhaps and a great example of that would be some of these series. That you see on netflix or movies that you see on netflix. For example like the crown. Which is the story of the british royal family now. The current series has just recently launched. And it's cop the bit of flack for historical inaccuracies. And that's led to a conversation about the role of fictionalized history. Because in a way it's a lie. It's not a truth. But then the people who defend this version this autistic version is fictionalized of history. Will tell you that the truth is generally a failing nuance thing truth and reality of failing nuanced. And it's pretty hard to get those nuances across in maybe a ten episode series or two l. movie but by by adding a little creative round the story as low as it's true to the overall message it's actually a much better way to get that message across and to get a better understanding of the reality of history maybe the truth of history but the reality of history and it's something that i heard russell brand talking about today where he talked about the truthfulness which i think is a great would describe it because it's not strictly speaking. The truth is not the facts but it actually really is reality. Probably if it's done well and most people tend to say that this current series of the crown is still getting the overall message across. It's not necessarily the one hundred percent of the things that happened off. Factually correct about the truthfulness of it is still there. And i think the thing that they're coming across now is. The current series is about margaret thatcher. Times and princess diana's times which this people alive today still recall those events and so they poking holes in the history whereas the facts of the history whereas in previous episodes previous series. Sorry of the same show. They were talking so far back. That people weren't necessarily alive to question. So i think in a world of fake news. I think it's an interesting perspective. to think about. The truth innis of fictionalized history. Because if you really want to tell a story you've gotta get it relevant to today's audience. You've got to get the audience engaged. And i think a little bit of fiction around the facts is probably a good way to do it again. In light of the world the world of fake news that we live in that fake news era that has been created around us. I just think it's an interesting perspective on a friday.
The Crown season 4
"I am now joined by. Amanda dobbins our resident expert. Amanda thanks for joining me again. My pleasure your pleasure to watch these middle. Three episodes of the crown season four absolutely crushing. It this stuff. Is this really good. We're talking today about favorites fagin and taryn knowle's ands basically. It's the episode with all the kids. The episode with the guy breaks into the palace and the episode. Where charles and diana go to australia. And i have to say that i think four. I've seen a few people dating for here and there for some reason. Maybe because it's too too well kind of put too much of a bow on it. I think it's fucking extraordinary. Like if i i thought that favorites was a really like startling achievement in dramatic writing and just in terms of the amount of stuff that they burn through in the way that they bring all these characters. What did you. What did you think of that episode. I agree with you. And i have not seen any criticisms because i don't really consume social media anymore but anyone who thinks it's too neat or they put a bow on it. I guess find another show This is peter. Marin is a playwright. There is a lot of construction and intentional cinematic and exposition all dialogue and set pieces built into this. It's not. it's not that it's obvious but all of it is very crafted. So i agree with you that i thought episode four was tremendous in terms of the amount of like and setup that they managed to convey to you in a very effective way. Because we don't really know anything about two of the four children barely met any of them and has been kind of a side character and so there are four children who get their own scenes and moments and so you have to develop those characters. You have to develop the queen's relationship to all of them. You also have the margaret thatcher thematic connection of the of the children. And you're drying out a little bit about margaret thatcher's relationship to women as well which is an important larger thematic episode. And also you've got the falklands war. I mean it's and they do it definitely and i thought about something you say a lot. Which is the crown doesn't like doesn't waste a moment. They just pick the scenes they pick the lines. And you know everything you need to know. That is so hard and they nail it. I mean they do a lot of stuff that i think other shows would probably shy away from because it would feel too like they were showing you too many of their cards so i kept thinking about the scene between elizabeth and an you know they go riding out. This is the thing that they sort of both share this love of horses even though and is obviously phillips favorite. And that's like in the way that that gets conveyed in the beginning and their conversations heartbreaking you know like their conversation is legitimately breaking and i think you could look at what an says. She's like. I used to enjoy being the difficult on and scaring people and now i don't feel like have any control over that anymore and you could be like well like you might go your entire life and never have that level of self awareness. You know you may have to go through thirty years of therapy to find that out about yourself and this young woman just like sort of pops out off when confronted by her mother on iran day. But it's beautiful writing. It's just it's just like amazing writing. And i thought the performances specifically in that scene mostly because the three sons come off as absolute troll lords in this episode mean. Yeah but the scene in particular was was quite lovely thought. Listen i think that there are levels of emotional breakthrough and clarity in this. Show that it's never happened in real life and certainly have never happened in the uk and to anyone who is absolutely senior no country just a lot of time talking about salads in england too early because they get a lot of salad industry and how to their salads or just blue cheese and bacon their emotional relationships are blue cheese and bacon. Do they are not. They're not doing the the smart greens. Now i mean it's it's a tv show and we are projecting emotions and trying to figure out how these people felt about the facts that we know are true. That's what we think is so interesting about episode for which made me reflect a little bit of on the queen character in this season and an interesting thing is happening. We talked a little bit about this on the last episode. Where libya coleman is kind of popping out a little bit and coleman is one of the great actresses of time and also i find her personally hilarious so i think that that's great but i see moments where it nothing is on the page and it's just olivia colman giving it that sense of humor giving it that timing Or maybe even the character is being a little bit written to her strengths and that is also a little bit because the queen is not. i mean. she's not a side character but the way they're telling the story is about all of the other people and events who are kind of crowding into that character's life and how she's bouncing all of it but episode four is just it's about the queen and all of their writing it's character development that is in line with the past three seasons that we've seen and it's pretty extraordinary and i think libya coleman also does like a great job with the actual written script and the character and the reacting to like the horror show of her children. I mean they all are. Do you have a favorite of the four. Who is your favorite on the shore in real life. No on the show. I don't really i. It's shifted i think blassie's and it would have been charles and yeah and this season it's probably end. Although let me get to the end of it. I mean it's obviously not editor andrew. So yeah. I wanted to just quickly before we get into edward andrew charles. A little bit ask you you start this episode up. Did you expect the wedding. No if only because number one. I read some spoilers about how they don't show the wedding but i do also think in their when charles and diana yes yes. The most watched royal wedding. I think of all time. I i don't. I should have gotten this statistics. It was close to a billion people. Watch it. I mean that was everywhere and people taped it and watched it over and over again rate including me who. Dvr it when bbc america riera it before the wedding harry and meghan and it was part of their like twelve hour block of programming. I watched all of it i. It's pretty boring. They didn't really have their production values in one thousand nine hundred one that we expect from royal wedding now anyway but no. There was sort of finality to episode three and there was something intentional about the way they showed their rehearsal and kind of the real behind the scenes emotions where i was like. Okay this is an interesting choice and like this is what we're going to get and also i've seen it before was do because like they wouldn't be a lot of opportunity for people to be talking during that so unless there would be some fagin like wrinkle history that they wanted to explore not really sure what they would do their right. I mean it happened at such a scale that even it would defy the crown's siegi budget. I will say. I was surprised that diana disappeared for new episodes. We'll get episode five. But she is very briefly shown and she is heavily pregnant when she shown episode four. And she just won't come out of the room and in one way. That's really all you need to know. About how their marriage is going and how everything is you know how everything is is shaken out but on the other hand i was like uh this is a choice. Diana pretty popular. Yeah yeah no. I thought that the dow is interesting. Also the suggestion. That charles is starting to become under the influence of these gurus and like self help nutritionist. Which i didn't. I didn't know that about him. Oh yeah the the lawrence vander past reference. I only know about this from the tina brown book. But apparently he brought those books on their honeymoon and then tried to get diana who was twenty at the time of their wedding to read the books and discuss them over for dinner on their honeymoon. So that's how that went
Mariah Carey Excited About The Release Of The Crown Season 4
"Never actually endorses anything except for herself as we all know. But the crown Netflix actually sent her a promotional box of it looks like there's liquor in there, and I have a little video of her unboxing that gift. It's all about Margaret Thatcher and promoting Season four of the crown. Look at this. It's the crown, okay? So it's like the red box where the queen or the king gets the red box and I'm excited. They sent this to me. Thank you so much. Look what? Look at the attention to detail. I don't even know what he thinks is real. This is a moment. This is what they sent. In honor of season four. We wish to offer a rare glimpse into the iron Lady herself, Margaret Thatcher. This'll get edited. I know Look at this secret surprise of the Margaret Thatcher. Situation. Listen, I don't know what to say. If you haven't watched the crown, you are missing out. Go What Season one. Watch it through now. I don't even do this happy thing. I never do this. It's the best. I can't wait also. So good to see that she's really excited about the crown on you know who else is excited guys along with
What Biden's America could look like
"In much of the world and nowhere more. So than among america's allies joe biden's victory has come as a great relief under his presidency. There will be no more bullying and threats to leave. Nato america will stop treating the european union as a photo on trade or its own forces stationed in south korea as a protection racket in place of donald. Trump's wrecking bowl. Mr biden will offer an outstretched hand working over simply on global crises. From kuroda to climate change under mr trump america's favorability ratings in many allied countries sank to new lows. Mr biden promises to make america a beacon again a champion of lofty values and the defender of human rights leading as he puts it in his acceptance speech not only by the example of our pa but by the power of our example allies are central to mr biden's vision he rightly sees them as a multiplier of american influence tuning a country with a quarter of global. Gdp into a force with more than double that he is also a multilateral by instinct on his first day in office he will rejoin the paris agreement on climate change which america formerly left on november the fourth unlike mr trump. He believes it is better to lead the world health organization than to leave it. He will reinvigorate arms control a priority being to ensure order new. Start the last remaining. Nuclear pact with russia is extended beyond february the fifth he would like to rejoin the nuclear deal with iran that mr trump dumped if he can persuade the iranians to go back into compliance inevitably. America's friends have a long list of things they hope it will do as it reimburses global leadership the demand stretch from places and organizations. Mr trump has abused such as the un and allies like germany. Two parts of the world. He has ignored such as much of africa. And it will not be smooth traveling not all countries in our style jake for a return to obama era politics when america lead from behind and blood. It's red lines. Several countries on nato's front line with russia like the way defenses. Have been beefed up under mr trump and asian allies like how mr trump has confronted. China talked a free and open indo pacific and worked on the cloud with australia india and japan. Mr biden needs to prove that he will not turn soft. His priorities will be to quell virus and improve the economy on both counts. He can count on little support and much pushback. If the senate is under republican control as is likely such troubles at home have probably also exacerbated. The country's reluctance to take on more foreign burdens. Who can be sure that world-weary jacksonians will come galloping. Back in twenty twenty four. Perhaps even with mr trump in the saddle so rather than pile demand upon needed demand. America's allies should go out of their way to show that they have learned to pull their weight. Nato partners for example should not relax defense spending just because mr trump is no longer bullying them. Germany should pay heed to french. Average to build european defense capacity. there is scope to do so without undermining nato europeans could lend a big hand to france in these suheil in asia. The quad could keep deepening naval and other cooperation. Japan and south korea should restrain their feuding taiwan or to make a more serious contribution to its own defense. I should also work with america to repair the international order. They can support efforts to resist chinese or russian rule. Bending many countries will want to join mr biden's efforts at concerted carbon cutting mr biden will face a world full of problems but he will also start with strengths. Thanks to mr trump. He has sanctions on adversaries including iran and venezuela that he can use as chips and among friends he can seek to convert relief at renewed american engagement into stronger. Burden-sharing is allies would be wise to answer that call with enthusiasm. Finally how princess diana shaped british politics netflix's flagship series. The crown has done a fine job of telling the story of postwar britain through the prism of the monarchy. The previous series nephew is in the mid nineteen seventies mired in the miners strike and the three day week new one which began streaming on november fifteenth. Introduces us to two women. Who were destined to change the country in profound ways margaret thatcher and lady diana spencer lady thatcher made it clear from the first but she was in the business of changing the nation. They design a spencer was a bird of a very different feather. Shy girl who had failed all her o levels twice and had no interest in politics she was brought onto the national stage for the soaker of producing mail as to the throne yet. The country is still living with her political legacy as surely as it is with lady. Thatcher's princess diana's genius was to mix two of the most profound forces of modern politics emotion and anti elitism into a powerful populist cocktail. She was one of the modern masters of the politics of emotion. Feeling the people's pain just as they felt hers. She repeatedly outmaneuvered prince. Charles during long war of the wales's because she was willing to bare her soul in public interview with martin bashir of the bbc in november. Nineteen ninety-five is now the focus of controversy as her brother earl. Spencer claims that it was obtained under false pretenses using forged documents. Whatever the reason for it. The interview was a masterclass in emotional manipulation at one pivotal moment. Princess diana acknowledged that she would never be queen but hope that she would be queen of people's hearts. The princess used her mastery of the politics of feeling to turn himself into a champion of the people against the powerful. The people's princess in tony blair's raise she patronized charities that helped marginalized folks such as hiv patients and kept company with pop stars and celebrities rather than with the usual royal wax. Books the most memorable music at her funeral was not an historic him. But a song by elton john adapted for herbert originally written about another icon. Turn victim marilyn monroe. Anti elitism was directed. Not at the monarchy's wells. She happily lived in kensington palace and received a seventeen million pound. That's twenty three million dollar divorce. Settlement plus four hundred thousand pounds a year but added stunted emotional state the traditional deal to which royal side allow them to behave as they liked in crowded kings have almost always had mistresses because they marry her reasons of dynasty not compatibility so long as they behaved with decorum in public princess. Diana regarded this humbug. She succeeded in reconciling the most. Jarring of opposites despite being a top tier aristocrat. Her family the spencers. Look down on the windsors this german carpetbaggers. She was universally known as die. Her death in a car crash won her a spectacular posthumous victory against the royal court. It produced the greatest burst public lack remission. Britain has ever seen and led to widespread demands that the royal should display more emotion. As if the damn cheek could replace the stiff upper lip as the definition of britishness. What would really do the monarchy. Good show that they had grasped the lesson of diana's popularity and editorial in the independent thundered would be for the queen and the prince of wales to breakdown cry and hug one another on the steps of the abbey this saturday. Cincinnati death emotional. Populism has threaded through politics. Tony blair presented himself as the people's prime minister. He championed cool. Britannia surrounded himself with popstars and urged his staff to call me. Tony the next conservative prime minister call me. Dave cameron a distant relation of princess. Diana's adopted this combination of compassion signaling. Hugging hoodies is instead of cracking down on juvenile delinquents and studied informality relaxing and kitchen suppers replacing previous. Tory premier stiffness. Both men were responsible to that emotional. Populism interfere with the affairs of state domestic and foreign policy choices continued to be conducted according to the dictates of reason evidence brexit tears. By contrast follow the diana's script they appeal to the heart rather than the had to win their arguments. They used feelings of patriotism and resentment rather than facts about trade flows. They denounced the elites for trying to straight the wisdom of the people in much the same way as diana files denounce the palace for ignoring the people's emotions lay turned on the nation's core institutions. Parliament the civil service the supreme court when they suspected attempts to frustrate their wishes they succeeded in defeating the establishment in much the same way as princess diana had by claiming to stand for emotion rather than reason and the people rather than the elite alexander. Boris federal johnson has reconciled the opposites. He embodies justice. She did a card carrying member of the metropolitan elite. He has managed to sell himself as a man of the people as she was die. So he is. Boris the first series of the crown shows a young queen. Elizabeth studying water badgett's english constitution under the guidance of henry. Martin the vice provost of eton who kept a pet raven in a cage and address the on crisis gentlemen budgets. Great work distinguishes between the dignified branch of the constitution. The monarchy and the efficient branch elected politicians implicit in that distinction is badges perception. That emotions pose a dangerous threat to the proper conduct of politics. The monarchy provides a controlled lead for them thus enabling responsible people to get on with the difficult task of running the country by using people's feelings as the fuel for her astonishing career princess. Diana broke that safety valve britain will be living with the consequences of the emotional populism that she helped to release for years to come.
"thatcher" Discussed on The Current
"And margaret thatcher. Played by gillian anderson. This is from the new season. If the crown goal is to change this country from being dependent to self reliant and i think in that i am succeeding joblessness recession crises. It's dangerous games. Make enemies left right and center. Lot of one is comfortable with having enemy all you which. She truly comfortable margaret thatcher was. You truly comfortable with having enemies I think she was comfortable. I think she liked having enemies. Liked to have been confrontation. I mean i always say queen bee who liked to be surrounded by men and like to discuss an with them. She wasn't Leader who brought women with her. That's quite clear and also rumored left her in the queen never got on and i'm pretty sure they didn't. Will you be watching the crown when it premieres. Yes of course. I will read. There's already a lot of discussion about it in the press. And about how. Libya coleman who plays the queen the way her salute is it's to limp Some of the military is saying you know. Livia coleman should have held her hand up much more straight wrong. And i'm not bend it over bend over the hand so watch out for that when when we find on the inside Scoop on what. I should be watching for it. When i watched the crown on sunday june. Thank you very much. It's great to talk to you. Thank you for asking me. June purvis emeritus professor of women's and gender history at modern of modern britain. Pardon me at the university of portsmouth in the united kingdom talking about The crown and the legacy of margaret thatcher someone who she has studied extensively for more. Cbc podcasts go to cbc dot ca slash podcasts..
"thatcher" Discussed on WNYC 93.9 FM
"Where off her actions and how they relate to Other women in her universe than Potentially Margaret Thatcher was, for instance. Well, I appreciate that. And just one more question before you go now, you know, we were talking to Claire Foy when she started on the crown, and we talked a little bit about how the queen was sort of this unknowable person to her, and then She developed a great empathy for the queen through playing her. And you know, we were talking earlier about the complexity of playing someone like market Thatcher and how polarizing she was just too some I wonder if you could relate to that did play Margaret Thatcher perhaps give you more empathy for who she was as a person. I'm not sure if empathy is the right word. I would probably say and understanding for how she became the woman that she became She she was a self made woman. She she grew up in a very frugal household, and her father was a no alderman, And she helped in the Hay was a grocer, and she was a grocer's daughter, and she helped Shop, and and so she, um On. They were incredibly religious. It was a Methodist household. And so when, when you understand all of that, it's easier to understand where she's come from and how she got to the world that she created for herself. And so I think it's just it's understanding. It's not that it's not necessarily compassion. It's not necessarily empathy. I think you can understand how she became who she became Andre yet Still, you know, disagree with a lot of the things that she might have done, and yet at the same time, be impressed by her brain or her work ethic or the fact that she was a woman of stature at that particular time, so Yeah, she's she's She's complicated, and I think it's important to that The Syrians embraces All of her complexities well, and as it does throughout the whole series, Gillian Thank you so much for your time. Thank you. Gillian Anderson plays former UK Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher in the upcoming season of the Crown. Season. Four premieres Friday, November 15th on Netflix..
Kosovo's president resigns to face war crimes charges
"Cost of a president Hashim Thaci has resigned from office announcing a special court at The Hague was indicting him for war crimes. Mr Thatcher told a news conference he was stepping down so that he wouldn't face trial while serving as president. He said his resignation would protect the integrity of Kosovo and called on people to remain calm. Kosovo specialist Chambers has yet to respond to. Mr Thatcher's statement earlier this year had confirmed the prosecutors had issued an indictment but said an investigating judge still had the option to confirm or dismiss charges. Quarter's investigating allegations that former leaders of the Kosovo Liberation Army committed war crimes and crimes against humanity in the late 19 nineties. That's to BBC correspondent guide Deloney.
Kosovo's president resigns to face war crimes charges
"The president of Kosovo. Hashim Thaci has resigned after saying that a special Kosovo tribunal in the Hague had confirmed his indictment on war crimes charges. Here's our Balkans correspondent Guide alone E. Mr Thatcher told a news conference he was stepping down so that he wouldn't face trial while serving as president. He said his resignation would protect the integrity of Kosovo and called on people to remain calm. Kosovo specialist Chambers has yet to respond to. Mr Thatcher's statement earlier this year, had confirmed that prosecutors had issued an indictment but said an investigating judge still had the option to confirm or dismiss charges. Quarter's investigating allegations that former leaders of the Kosovo Liberation Army committed war crimes and crimes against humanity in the late 19
PJ ORourke and the search for the centre ground
"These last five years or so have been rough going for a lot of people. Among, them have been those who think of themselves as occupants more or less of the middle of the road, the zealous, the bipartisan the consider as of arguments on their own merits compromises count we all just get along is. So. Polarizing have these times being that even some of those who might in less crazed and Febrile Times have been considered ideological out lawyers appear suddenly reasonable. Special. Guest this week is PJ O'Rourke, the journalist foreign correspondent and satirist who made his name as a conservative contrarian in the nineteen eighty, thousand, nine, hundred, ninety s gleefully winding up the liberal subscribers of rolling stone and writing bestselling books including Republican, Party reptile give war a chance and peace kills a rock became if possibly despite himself, the favorite conservative of American liberals being about as much a liberal as American conservatives could stand. His latest book a cry from the farm middle dispatches from the divided land fines rourke. If not exactly standing afford history yelling stop. Then at least flailing gamely at the on rushing tide of dogmatic foolishness with the broom of measured reason and not once does he mangle metaphor nearly as grotesquely that this is the last episode of this program which will be broadcast before a rox fellow Americans make a fairly fundamental decision about what their politics is going to look like from here on can the centre-ground be retaken and is anyone still there? This is the foreign desk. The anarchistic Listrik point of view that is common at the end of the teens in the beginning of the twenties and on for those of us who matured very late. Reality shake you out of that I mean anybody who tells me are an anarchist I'll invite them to revisit Mogadishu with me. Let me show you what anarchy really means. Now non nealer hand is sort of like armed nitwit trump supporters. Maybe should have had a little goal at Northern Ireland back in the eighties. Where that road leads, if you WANNA take that road all the way down to the end of that road Belfast was. Enlightening experience as we're the Balkans and so and saw that light goes to mitigate. Once absolutism and certainly once anarchism knowle's. Page or you welcome to the foreign desk this episode may end up appearing as either the last signal before the ship sinks or the fanfare perhaps of some new door and we need to frame our conversation accordingly indeed find a middle ground which I think is appropriate to certainly the theme of Your New Book the title a cry from the Far Middle Does seem to book in Republican Party. Reptile from Nineteen eighty-seven to an extent. But the question is can the middle ground be made to sound atl sexy and exciting? No. I'm Sir Short Answer. Thank you for joining us. PJ. House that was a quick interview of Frank Answer and a One one been looking for a certain amount of honesty in politics. I just saw something the other day I saw the first honest yard sign that I have seen over here in the states this election campaign, it said settle for Biden. If it weren't for the pandemic I would've gone knocked on their door and give them the big. Hug. But is there a way you think that centrism can be made to sound at all exciting could there be a centrist party reptile. Yeah, it would be very tough, but you know it really I just want to go back to US fighting in our usual way I don't want to put an end to our quarrels with some sort of sweet and mushy kiss on both cheeks wall befriends from now on and forever no I want to go back to a good strong fight between the left and the right. Trouble is to fight has gotten away from the issues. You know the coral it's one of those things like a good old family feud. Coming from an enormous Irish family I am plenty familiar with us. A good family feud where the cause of the the anger is long forgotten and people are just screaming and yelling at each other and threatening each other and misbehaving. In general we want a period where the left and right really had to confront themselves. They had to confront the failure of communism, which is leftism taken to its greatest extreme. The left had to confront the failure of that Ed to confront the failure of their socialist economies in western Europe in in the UK and so on. The right had to then confront the fact that it was much less fund should be empower under Reagan and Thatcher. Then it was to be standing outside pressing your face against window making grievances and obscene gestures and turned out that the free market. Lovely thing though it is, it doesn't solve all our problems magically either so we had to fight that album. It's now been. So long ago since we had those substantive fights that we've forgotten how to argue. So my comparison I don't think actually put this in the book, but missing about sense is that. Are Put aglow arguments have ceased to be real political arguments about real issues as say, no, do we increase the scope of the national health improve its funding and operation or do we modify? It means tested? Give a little larger scope to the private sector Blah Blah. Blah Instead. It's one of those things and anybody who's been in a marriage or partnership it starts out with shall We re Slip Cover the SOFA and it ends up with, and then there was a woman you were flirting with that party in Nineteen ninety-one to which the other half of the partnership response I hate your mother I'd never settled out but I hate your mother, you know. And here we are
"thatcher" Discussed on Keep Calm and Cauliflower Cheese Podcast
"The journalist Peter Hitchens you as birth a bit again as noted in his mail and Sunday column that mrs. Thatcher reaction to an earlier period of beard growth in his part as far as mrs. Thatcher or lady Thatcher who sometimes had to injure me as a lowly member of the press pause on the flights that brought you never said anything you could just feel the Frozen disebut of disapproval emanating from her. Mrs. Thatcher famously band beards in a cabinet and John Selwyn Gummer a rare650 Tori with a bed had to shave his beard off before joining the cabinet. It is not known what the origins of mrs. Thatcher's hatred of birds was but it's sort that she felt that bears were strongly associated with Rebellion. And the political left a search of the Factor foundation are closed for the term beard produces not a single result the beard Liberation Front organize the keys flat said mrs. Thatcher divided Britain between the page even in a suit not have been nineteen. Ninety. Seven. Tony Blair's cabinet at the most beard since nineteen forty-five making the start more socially Progressive area era Blair himself was clean-shaven off the nest Boris Johnson. You never want to be it has returned to the dispatcher right Pocono phobia. So there we go. Mrs. Slaughter. Apparently. It really didn't like the hirsute. She didn't like the way the bids the bed at men the bearded lady's the bearded anybody. So while Wimbledon Olympics would postpone this year. It takes more than a pandemic to disrupt catering's Global sporting event. Philip Hollow bone. The town's MP was informed the commons that is annual World puddle jumping Championship will be held on line where competitors invited to send in videos their effing. Will be judged and height enthusiasm distance of Splash and the amount of mud that covers the participant a brilliant idea. Guess Jacob rees-mogg. Second mention a mr. Mold this show who revealed Thursday is a big fan of puddle jumping or tell them a dosis teller top their doses. I think I'm just going to call it puddle jumping because of his enthusiasm to Peppa Pig which often is a sport that pepper often plays a role in I think a number of my children would enjoy doing it very much. I hope it makes them where their galoshes all their Wellington Boots. So naughty naughty. Naughty Boris Becker bankrupt Boris Becker, the former champion of Wimbledon accused of hiding his Wimbledon trophies took us back ahead is Wimbledon championship trophies and Olympic gold medal from his bankruptcy trustees the court heard during the week. He's accused of concealing nine items of silverware.
"thatcher" Discussed on Encyclopedia Womannica
"At the age of Seventeen Margaret was admitted to Oxford Somerville College to study. Chemistry. Margaret's interest in conservative politics is also evident from a young age. Barred from joining the Oxford debate society, it didn't allow women at the time she became a member and then president of the Oxford University Conservative Association. Following graduation Margaret went on to pursue a master's degree in Chemistry and later worked as a chemical researcher. She also attended law school and was admitted to the bar with a specialty in patent tax law. When she was twenty three years old Margaret was selected to be a conservative candidate for parliament. While she lost both of her elections, Margaret gained media attention as a young woman running for office. A few later in nineteen, forty nine. She met Denis, Thatcher a well off businessman and decorated World War Two veteran. Later an August of nineteen fifty-three Margaret gave birth to twins mark and Carol. After. Several failed attempts Margaret. was finally elected to parliament in Nineteen fifty-nine. In nineteen seventy she was appointed to the cabinet position of Secretary for education under the conservative Prime Minister Edward Heath. She gained national attention her controversial campaign to end a free milk program for students. She argued that the money being used for the program could have more substantive effects elsewhere but the tabloids had a field day calling her thatcher, the milk snatcher. It caused such backlash that her husband recommended she retired from politics. But in nineteen seventy four and a move that seemed politically unwise Margaret put her name forward to be the leader of the Conservative Party. At the time British betting markets had the odds stacked against her fifty to one but Margaret prevailed and became the leader of the opposition party in nineteen. Seventy. Five. For the subsequent for years Margaret served as the figurehead of the Conservative Talk Party butting up against the Labor Party that controlled parliament. In this role, she espoused views on economic freedom. Limited government privatization of industry and individual liberty. Her views became known as Thatcherism and represented a stark departure from the postwar consensus around keynesianism which emphasized social welfare economic regulation. In Nineteen, seventy, nine, the Tory party was resoundingly voted into power. Margaret Thatcher was chosen as it's obvious leader and became the first female Prime Minister of Britain and the first woman to lead a major Western power in modern times. As. Prime Minister. Margaret set to work reshaping Britain's economy. She cut taxes and slash subsidies to struggling industries. She took on the National Union of Mineworkers and privatized hundreds of thousands of public jobs. Margaret gained international attention when Argentina invaded the Falkland Islands in Nineteen eighty-two. British colonizers lived on these remote islands long claimed by Argentina. Negotiations over the islands had been dragging for years and finally Argentine military decided to take the Falklands by force. Do you ask and other allies pushed for talks hoping to ward off bloody conflict But Margaret was uninterested in. Diplomatic. Solution. Instead. She ordered a Royal Navy fleet to the South Atlantic. The following ten week war took the lives of two hundred and fifty British troops and more than one thousand Argentinians. It cemented Margaret's reputation as a leader who would not be pushed around. Throughout. The nineteen eighties. Margaret worked closely with US President Ronald Reagan while very different in style the two shared worldview and supported each other's visions for government. Margaret's relationship with Reagan was influential and hastening the end of the cold. War. Margaret was one of the first world leaders to embrace the Soviet Union's new reform minded leader Mikhail. Gorbachev She helped facilitate conversations between Gorbachev and Reagan including the summit and Wreck Iceland in October of Nineteen eighty-six. At the meeting the leaders came very close to an agreement to ban nuclear weapons altogether. But at the last moment, the negotiations fell apart. Still, represented a meaningful step towards disarmament. In nineteen eighty-seven shortly after Margaret had been elected to a third term, the stock market crashed. Having secured reelection on an economy focused platform. Margaret suddenly found herself on unstable ground. A split arose within the Tory. Party. There were calls to tie the British pound to the more stable. German mark. Margaret disagreed vehemently, with this approach as she was wary of further integration with Europe. By one, thousand, nine, hundred, eighty, nine, Britain was in a recession and much of the blame was placed on Margaret. By November of nineteen ninety many of Margaret's original cabinet members had abandoned her and the Conservative Party moved to put a new leader in place. In. The first vote she falls short of the necessary majority needed to prevent a second vote. After initially proclaiming that she would fight to the end. Withdrew her name. A protege of hers John Major was elected six days later. Margaret remained a member of parliament until Nineteen ninety-two when she formerly retired. Out of office, Margaret remained vocal public figure. She toured the world drawing large crowds giving lectures on her conservative ideals. She was a vocal supporter of both president, George H George W Bush and British Prime Minister Tony Blair. Following a series of strokes Margaret Retired from public speaking in two, thousand and two. After a long quiet battle with Dementia Margaret passed away in twenty thirteen. She was eighty eight years old. Margaret Thatcher remains to this day one of the most divisive political figures of the twentieth century. Perhaps she would have wanted it that way because she wants said herself. I am not a consensus politician I am a conviction politician. All month, we're talking about politicians for more on why we're doing what we're doing. Check out our newsletter Manica Weekly. Follow us on facebook and Instagram at Encyclopedia Will Manica and follow me directly on twitter at Johnny M Kaplan. Special. Thanks to Liz. Caplan my favorite sister and Co Creator Talk to you tomorrow. Before we go I want to tell you about another show. I. Think you'll like change lab is a long form interview podcast that explores the transformative power of creativity hosted by Lauren 'em Buckman. The show was produced by Art Center College of design, a global leader in art and Design Education Change Lab tells extraordinary true stories about regular people living their life through the lens of creativity. It just began at seventh season, which is dedicated to amplifying black voices in A. Around creating concrete measurable. Toward more diverse and inclusive and designed community at art center and beyond. Subscribe listen and enjoy change lab wherever you get your podcasts..
Philadelphia Flyers, Canucks stave off elimination in NHL playoffs
"NHL playoffs. Second round action Flyers Avoid elimination with for three overtime win over the island is Scotland deflecting in the game winner. For Philadelphia, New York, There was a three to Siri's edge. Canucks there live, beating the Golden Knights to one Vancouver goalie Thatcher Denko first career playoff start. He has 42 saves in the wind leaves Patterson the game. When you go in the third period will be a game six. Vega still needs a serious three
Hanging with Nache Snow
"Hey. What's up and welcome to craft. Hang out I'm. ELISA CAPITAIN I'm Jesse Cats Greenberg. And I'm Lou Thatcher and let's hang up. Loop Lee. Now we're not gonNA, she's on mute. She wasn't. Here. Stupid. I. Wish I had a cow bell or something fun like a slide whistle. Lou. We've got to. Invest. tweets we. GotTa we gotTa have old school sound sound makers in the attic. We have from my own, Omega the nineteen in the nineteen fifties. They had these like New Year's Eve noisemakers. Those would have been great. was. Groggy. From there like the sound makers that. Yeah. Fun fact all right. Everybody. Last year, as you may remember, Jesse and I attended the makers conference craft -cation in California. And we met so many new friends. So one night, there was a bit of an east coaster meet up. and. I met a really cool crafter and fellow podcast with a show called studio seventy eight podcast, and she is fabulous and finally hanging with us right now. So please everyone. Let's give a warm craft hanging out. Welcome to New Shea Snow Welcome. So excited to be on your pie gas. You guys. Interviewed so many amazing guests on like I feel like honored. Show big time. Stop. So, let's just start off with the basics. Can you tell our craft? Reno's a little bit about who you are and what you do? Absolutely, my name's initiates now been a crafter for life since elementary school. My mom is a crafter to end up going to school for graphic design and my nine to five is billy me dealing with you know designers and web designers and all of that good stuff. Stuff. But on nights and weekends I, just loved to podcasts. Do My side hustles and I've had many many side hustles through the years. But I like making stuff just creating stuff and I'm just like you guys. I just love talking to people in sharing their stories and inspiring women to like pursue their passions be at full time or part time or all the time. So yeah, that's me in a nutshell. So. That podcast, you get to have lots of conversations with creatives and how does that inspire you? Oh. My goodness I mean, you know sometimes I feel like when I get off of an interview with him, like I need to step it up. Just. Wait a minute like, but it inspires me because you can throw around ideas because a lot of times you know people tell me like what marketing tips worked for them or how they ended up making connections in in order to get their Khumbu show line off, you know just started or maybe how they weren't. Initially, artists didn't go to school for design. But now they're like selling design in the narrow inspiring people to like just do what you love. Love in. So for me, I, feel like with each guest. I just pick up like a little tip a little trick, and it just inspires me to want to do more. You know some, that's super rats. I feel the same way with some of our guests. But okay, who's your favorite guest and Y ou? That's that's a hard one. That's a heroin. So if if any gas listened to listening to this and I don't name, you don't get offended. But I actually had her on for a second time. Her name is Nicole crowder. and. She's in the DC area with knee to, and recently she's actually just blown up but the pillow one. Yes. Mention Pillow, right? Yeah. Because she she does the meditation pillows and you know she first started out where she was, you know doing upholstery and teaching people how to upholster their old furniture in an her story. You know she talks about like working a nine to five. Then trying to do her love full-time, it didn't work out, went back to a nine to five, and then she started again when I first interviewed her and man she like learned from all the failures and then took what she learned and she's just being going going going and. And even when I interview her few months ago is wow. So just talking to her, I was so inspired, I love seeing her Kinda like blow up the last couple of months, and even how she did the meditation pillow, she initially was just giving them out for free because of cove nineteen everybody was going through a hard time and she was like, Hey, pay what you can, you can't pay anything. I'll I'll give these to you right analysis set, and this has become like heart of her business. So yes, she's like amazing.
Thatcherism and Reagonomics: lessons for economic recovery?
"Reaganomics shoot Australia's leaders today draw inspiration from the lady what the? Number is saying, is that he rather the Paul? Provided the Richmond Rich. And should we follow the great communicator commonsense told us that when you put a big tax on something that people will produce less of it. So, we cut the people's tax rates and the people produce more than ever before this week Treasury Freudenberg said the of free market policies associated with Margaret Thatcher and Ronald Reagan could help Australia recover from the COVID recision
Early climate prediction for 2020 'spot on'
"Climate Change forecasts issued decades ago made specific predictions on how much the earth would warm. One British team predicted. Global temperatures would rise half a degree Celsius from nineteen ninety two today. So how did that forecast turn out Jonathan? Watts is the guardians global environment editor. He's been tracking the British meteorological. Office climate forecasts hey. Jonathan welcome to climate cast high either get to be on. On the show, so the UK met Office Hadley Centre for climate. Science predicted in Nineteen, ninety that global temperatures would rise half a degree Celsius by this year by twenty twenty. How accurate was that forecast? Well, they just celebrated their thirtieth anniversary, and one of the things that they pointed out was that they go to spot on? The happy said to was setup to be on. On the cutting edge of climate, research, and the predictions have now been realized they were remarkably accurate, and what about Global Sea ice? You say they primarily focused on temperature, but as the years have gone by today's measurements, compared to predictions made in the last thirty years on Arctic Sea ice. If anything they'd been too conservative, they did not expect the ice melt as quickly as. As it has done at some numbers that they gave since the nineteen nineties are the yes, global temperatures won't buy Hoffa Degree Arctic Sea. Ice has shrunk by almost two million square kilometers. Sea Levels have risen by ten centimeters. Carbon Dioxide in the atmosphere has increased by sixty bucks per million so they they stress that we're living in a very different climate from the one. The that existed when this Hadley Centre started. Let's rewind back to Nineteen Ninety Jonathan. prime minister Margaret. Thatcher was considered a conservative. Did she support this work that the Hadley? Centre was doing on Climate Science Margaret. Thatcher was one of the most enthusiastic supporters of climate science. In the early days. She studied science Oxford University. She didn't need much convincing. There was a serious risk that that had to be face. She persuaded her Cabinet to put up the money. Will the Hadley Centre and she actually was there at the opening in her speech for the inauguration. She said they would be serious consequences of greenhouse gas emissions, and she said what they send to predict will affect at daily lives, governments and international organizations in every part of the weld, going to have to sit up and take notice and respond. How have the global climate predictions from the Hadley Centre from thirty years ago been received by you know both supporters and skeptics in the UK for the most part Britain does no cap, such a strong climate, skeptic movement as the US, and so there is widespread agreement in parliament in the public. Really. Serious action needs to be taken and I think highly sense the mets office. have a a part of the reason for that, because the very well respected it's, it's quite a conservative institution that these radical people they account so between bureaucrats and scientists. Very careful about the conduct predictions they make. And I think that has helped to convince a widespread of society that something needs to be
You like FaceID, even if I don't!
"Often you respond and that's great. Yesterday I spoke about my distaste for Apple's face ID uses biometrics open up access for iphones might take. It rarely ever works, and when you wear a mask, it never works, and that's my take. Several of you disagree with me. I'm Jefferson Graham. You're listening to talking, Tech. Thank you, Charles Thatcher, and others for reaching out on twitter, facebook and email now Charles finds face I D- D-. Every reliable and fast and says it works much better for him than touch ID might take again. Is the touch id you know where you put your finger on the home button was way more reliable. If nothing else it sure works while wearing a mask. To which pitcher says maybe having both methods woodwork best for everyone sounds good to me now. The photographer Brian Hawkins says that he always liked. Face ID up until now and the pandemic when it doesn't work with a mask quote I think it would be great if they would just make a phone that has an under display fingerprint reader in addition to face ide-, he says well the company one plus is already doing that on the new eight pro phone, and so a Samsung on the new galaxies. KEEP FACE ID? Lose the virus jokes Michael Markman from Seattle he adds quote. I only wear a mask when I'm shopping I'm not shopping all the time. In fact, I'm shopping just a small amount of time face idee is still great unquote. My friend Ed bag by a colleague from USA Today loves to argue with me so naturally. He weighs in favouring touch ID. He says the face I D works reliably most of the time even in the dark, and even when he's Dawning Shades, he contends that face ideas way more secure touch ID and he agrees with Charles
Oil gains, stocks rally on renewed recovery hopes
"Meanwhile stocks are up the S. P. jump more than one and a half percent after Lowe's and target reported sales that topped estimates the index plunged about one person the final hour yesterday after reports that cast doubt on the promise of a virus vaccine gains are broad with financials the industrial and energy groups leading check the markets every fifteen minutes throughout the trading day as B. five hundred is up one point seven percent of fifty the Dow is up one and a half percent up three hundred seventy three the nasdaq is up one and three quarters percent of a hundred sixty the ten year is down seven thirty seconds with the yield point seven one percent West Texas intermediate crude oil is up four point four percent at thirty three thirty six available comics gold is up a tenth of a percent to seventeen forty seven sixty an ounce the dollar yen stands at one oh seven forty eight the euro dollar nine eighty six the British pound a dollar twenty two sixty two Thatcher Bloomberg business
Boris Returns: British Prime Minister Returns to Work
"The British prime minister Boris Johnson is back at work on two two weeks convalescence following hospital treatment for coronavirus which included three days in intensive care his re emergence into public life comes at a time when there is pressure from within his own party I'm from business leaders to ease locked restrictions and reopen the economy but speaking outside his London residence number ten Downing Street Mr Johnson said he would resist that pressure the risk of a second outbreak was too great well I know it is tough I want to get this economy moving as fast as I can but I refuse to throw away all the efforts and the sacrifices of the British people and to risk a second major outbreak and huge loss of life and the overwhelming of the NHS what is because the Markham Rifkind a former British Foreign Secretary of served in the cabinets of Margaret Thatcher and John Major how significant in his view was Boris Johnson's return to work a Downing Street today well the government's work to perfectly well but it would say it's a very good coincidence in the sense that he is physically able to be back in the harness just as the government has to reach a decision on the fundamental question of the future of the lock out and whether we can ease the country's traditions of that is the sort of decision that really requires the prime minister's involvement as well as the cabinet as a whole do you see him as being a changed man in terms of his attitude towards the lockdown I mean he is said to it to be instinctively a libertarian and may be reluctantly embraced the lockdown but ten seems to have changed his mind I'm not sure that he's changed his mind and I think you you know you did never declared somebody with his views the same would apply to almost anyone who was prime minister is very reluctant to introduce a lock down which means the curtailment of people's civil liberties for an indefinite period of time that's a huge decision so I'm not surprised that there was a reluctance to do it until it became necessary once you've got it obviously the details different but the difficulties are not that different having got the status quo have beginning to see the policy working it's getting old in the right direction so you you then have to take that crucial decision and it's not an easy one so I'm not surprised that in his remarks today from ten Downing Street Hey he was reminding people we have to go but it gorgeous day he did not rule out of any early easing the law card I still believe that's what's likely to happen but he wanted to make sure that people just didn't assume that everything that was going to go back to normal it over the next few days of the next week because but undoubtedly his own experience of the corona virus must have changed his approach is attitude I'm not sure it would change his view on policy I am as a person of course you can find see your death in the in the in the face baited realize how your life's a tottering by somebody's uncertain their expectations without that having an impact on you as a customer but they they it if you've never got coronavirus the kind of decision you'd be having to take the day and my guess is is attitude to how we deal with it would not be very different to what we're saying there is that it would appear quite a debate going on within the Conservative Party as to the speed at which the actor lockdown should be eased well this is the big day out in the country is not peculiar to the Conservative Party are good members of parliament applies to all of us to price for you and me and every citizen of this country and now we are sitting most of the western countries I have begun a lot yeah I know in that case most of the day but with the the damage done by the virus began earlier I said since since not surprising there are beginning to ease up slightly earlier but the government said commitment at the moment is that the current restrictions continue for another ten days that is actually quite useful because over these ten days not in it does the government have the experience of what is happening in those countries that have already used to log in it also provides more time to be certain that the downward trend of the virus which we have seen now since April the eighth is continuing I may be going more slowly than we would like but it's all in the right direction will be another week closer to this be certain of that is the case and that's likely to be what happens but it also it it gives the government the time it needs to work out how you implement to the easing that they're almost certainly consider it I mean for example that people are getting back to work A. each industry is different as to the ways in which you can ensure social distancing what is going to be the best no people in terms of contact omitted with their families with the close friends is not just the in principle is that going to be eased but how could it be done what about the particular circumstances people mostly very very elderly people who are also people with serious illnesses are serious underlying health problems these are all issues of the to impact on the economy in matters of that kind so I'm not surprised you will want to take advantage of the next week Sir you remember some modicum of lady Thatcher's cabinet when the van health secretary Joe mole spoke of a move to a health care system based on private insurance similar to the American model it's seven it's difficult to imagine such an idea getting any traction today isn't it well yes but it was equally difficult in the government the just believe that was gonna happen and the government of John Major in which I served or the governments of the David Cameron or Theresa may we do have a healthy private sector in the relation to health it is a significant part of the health system but it also works very closely with an NHS indeed at this very moment quite a number of private hospitals are being used with their agreements by the NHS in order to quarantine people who have problems other than growing the virus from going into hospitals where they might get infected from the virus as well the former British Foreign Secretary Sir Malcolm Rifkind speaking to be before taking his daily constitutional walk in central
"thatcher" Discussed on Between The Lines
"Think illustrate y. He's a good leader in such times. You only need to think about the imaginable. We'll tentatives if this happened a year ago. We have had issues. May who's a very decent woman. But he would have been terribly depressing and an easy to have her in judge or if one had lost the last general election we would have had extreme. Left-wing EJECTOR MCCALL. Who's new sort of lead to so? I think we can thank our lucky stars. We've got him. Yes and I think in Venice to his political record he's never lost an election Certainly not if when you ran for mayor when he ran for the House how Sates Various House seats throughout he's Kalman's experienced meryl elections. You See London if it clearly but town bend. He won twice nevertheless which is a personal any hopefully the F. with the brexit success success in two thousand sixteen of course he had the landslide election last December and that arguably show is Boris can resonate with many traditional voters. What does that mean for the future of British conservatism? I mean how does a center right parties retain the support of lower income working class voters without sacrificing economic principles? Charles Moore that happened. Of course. That's exactly what happened with brexit because the lower middle class and working class voters are more patriotic. If you'd like to put it away then. The more highly educated voters and bricks appeal to them all and they felt very betrayed by a sort of a Labor party would should become almost empty position. It's attitudes and so that sort of the national strength of the Conservative Party came to the fore and there is a price for that. I think any prior to that. Which is that the same voters who voted for bricks at a great many of them will be more in favor of high public spending than a than a classical conservative. Would suppose that's an issue and I think we will continue on all of a sudden we will now with covert that high up expending however. I think it's sort of irreconcilable from a conservative point of view. People got very disillusioned with globalization since two as and donate crash and if we want free trade to continue to work which I hope to goodness we do do need to restore the basic confidence in the international institutions. That helped me things operate and think conservative. Tory point of view would say the way you do that building strong nations as the primary unit in all of this when a when a summation is confident he can make good deals and friendlier raisins with its with other nations and what went wrong with the EU and indeed the whole global order was wasn't stunned comp within the international institutions and that often flared from this at home so so the would be retreat from the world but to get your own house in order in order to the world. Better for example. What are we going to do about China? Brisson's weaknesses being exposed on this very much because of our Before it could be because of our while they contract. How much can the free Western World Unite and assert its practices? I lose and economic believe against China Semester. Challenge I think conservatives a better place with that the left but I didn't think the thinking has gone far enough yet. To what extent do British conservative ministers have doubts now about Boris Johnson's decision to allow while why into the Five G. Network? I think there was always a lot of anxiety. But it's in the reason that lobbies decision wasn't reversed was the perceived need to get on with who abandoned and there was no alternative that we was gonNA technical crap. I think now people would see it more politically and I. This is not a closed question at all I think people most most reluctant to have Y. You know getting anywhere close to privacy and to a national Secrets and this remains a very wide open issue. I think which will undoubtedly be looked at again highlights of China's behavior Kovic. And as you probably know Charles. The Australian government to nearly two years ago rejected the Y. bid to into the five G. Network. He my guess is Charles Moore. He's the biographer of Margaret Thatcher and Charles was scheduled to be in Sydney this month as a guest of the Ramsey Center for Western civilization. For obvious reasons. The trip has been postponed now. Talking about Western civilization. Charles there has been a backlash against Western culture on university campuses across America. Indeed Britain and Australia as it happens this month. April marks the two hundred fiftieth anniversary of captain. James Cook's trip to eastern Australia now. Before covered nineteen leftist activist groups. They were threatening to disrupt the commemoration on. The grounds of. The Cook was an imperialist in Vita. What do you make of these growing wave of historical revisionism this backlash against a Western culture particularly among the young well as a historian by trade? I think it's terribly misplaced. It's not the ones should be uncritical of one. Dentist as Bay Of course but the point of histories to understand what people do why they did it rather than just to strike attitudes about how wicked somebody was and we have our own traditions in our in civilization. It's possible tradition than positive civilization that are so critical but it should not be part of our traditions and civilization that we try to rip up Palestinians and and spit on it and we try the pass by the standards of the prison. The past will be found guilty every single time because values and messages change. I think that the the culture royal token badges fundamentally result of poor education. And it's been a pity that universities have been certainly in Britain to be in their response to it one of the things about the otherwise dismal experience of coverage. Is that some of these other more. Absurd manifestations of this stock thing of of really gone out of fashion people are getting serious again realizing that this nonsense and and feeling a greater reprints for their pasta history. Okay but what about socialism? Because if you look at the younger generation of Brits in date all the available polling evidence says the same thing about Australians and young Americans. They're not just skeptical of Western cultural though as you say that's fairly peripheral issue when you've got covered nineteen but they're increasingly supportive of socialism There's been plenty of polling evidence that show a clear majority of millennials. These young people born between the early eighties in the late nineties. They have a favorable view of socialism. Now Thatcher you'll subject once famously said the trouble was socialism's that you eventually run out of other people's Money Charles Moore. Yes well personally is subjective. I would say that socialism in Britain. It's recent high watermark in two thousand seventeen when Jeremy Corbyn led labor to a high. They don't really have to win. He led them too much. Lower Vote in plus election and he was trained by Boris Johnson. I think they said he was that way. But I think it's receding and I would feel quite confident about that actually but don't you think that in the wake of this covered nineteen crosses? There'll be more of an appetite for high levels of government spending and regulation perhaps even higher taxation. I'm not sure there'd be more of an appetite for it but there will be more of it. This is the unfortunate truth of the cost of living with the virus. So we will in that sense have a more state controlled society than before the hours. Personally regret that very much. But I didn't see a short term way out if however the lead by people who are not themselves socialists. I think that we have a better chance of not letting Socialist doctrines take over again. I think that's the way we are. I I feel that. The millennials that you've described these what you might call a boom phenomenon. A bit like green stuff is a booth phenomenon. You you strike these attitudes because you can afford it. You haven't got other things to worry about. And I think when when we realized that there's a real threat to our way of life which that is because of the virus because of the economic consequences of the virus then we tend to behave more sensibly..
BrainStuff Classics: Does 'Power Dressing' Actually Work?
"Brain stuff learn bomb here with a classic episode from our archives and from former host Christian savior this. This one was inspired by a book. Christian ran across about how to dress for success. It got him wondering can power dressing really make a difference socially or psychologically below their brain stuff. I'm Christian Sager and I've got a question for you. Do I look powerful. Well I I know you can't see me right now but I feel powerful. Some people even think that what you wear can produce this kind of confidence and who doesn't want to feel good about themselves. So what is this power dressing? And does it actually work well to answer that question? We have to take a trip to the smooth nineteen seventies when a guy named John Malloy came out with a series of books about dressing for success. He prescribed a uniform of sorts for both men and women. That would help them. Achieve Greatness in business professions for men Malloy recommended conservative business attire. That was high quality and fit well essentially a business suit in dark hue with a modest white shirt and a tie. Think Don Draper for women. He adapted this uniform. To include a skirted suit and a soft blouse with floppy or bowed. Neck pieces think Margaret Thatcher in order to achieve the kind of authority of the Iron Lady Malloy recommended. Women do two things. Don't look like a secretary and don't look too sexy. You couldn't wear waistcoats or contour jackets. Because they drew attention to the bust. Scarves were popular because they drew attention to the face and away from the breasts and floral prints and feminine colors like Salmon. Pink were out. But you didn't want to look to masculine either. Hence the skirt instead of trousers. This was the birth of power dressing and by the nineteen eighties. It became the way enterprising. Women learned to manage or limit the potential sexuality of their bodies and leave all that gross girl stuff like cooties at home but as they entered the corporate workforce in ever greater numbers. Some women wanted to modify this uniform while maintaining their professional appearance. One alternative model for breaking out of these fashion limitations was Princess Diana with her more glamorous outfits others were on TV and shows like dynasty designing women and Moonlighting enter broad shoulder pads wide lapels and a wider range of textures colors and accessories. Cut to the present day now. Most of these fashion fads have come and gone but you can still see their influence on politicians. For Example Take Hillary Clinton or Donald trump many of the tenets of power dressing are still employed. Today we just don't call it that anymore. But a twenty fifteen study reexamined the principles behind power dressing. It found that putting on formal clothing does indeed make us feel powerful and even makes us think differently. The authors of this study tested student participants in a series of experiments by rating their outfits and taking cognitive tests when the students switched out of sweat pants and into the kind of clothing. They thought they should wear to a job interview. The tests showed their cognitive processing became more abstract broader and holistic the authors. Also say that how often you actually wear. Formal clothes doesn't matter regardless of when you wear. These uniforms have become a symbol of power. There have been other studies into how clothing affects our cognition to for instance. When people wear white doctors coats
Plan to Cut U.S. Troops in West Africa Draws Criticism From Europe
"Look look first at NATO the the actual military chiefs of rich Jew shortly to convene in Brussels the United States brost hat chairman of the Joint Chiefs General Mark Milley has burned one interesting acting item on the agenda in advance prefiguring a potential drawdown of American forces in West Africa. This is extremely likely to prompt and unenthused response from France in particular which is extensively deployed a theater which it believes not without reason is a key frontline in the ongoing global campaign against Islamist extremism. Mary what's what's going on here. Won't use the United States Losing interest abruptly in West Africa. Well I think there are two reasons. one of them is because president trump is specially I think The top brass in American intelligence. They are very fixed on what they see As the future threat coming from China and that they are increasingly concentrating their resources looking in that direction the other thing and is that trump came to office and this is often forgotten Saying that he wanted to stop American engagement in in foreign wars. And this I think was one of the one of the reasons why he was elected. It was very popular policy For a lot of Americans and it remains so but right through his time as president trump has faced quite a lot of opposition from the top brass about cutting back on Americans abroad have been various attempts. He tried to pull Americans out of Afghanistan. The top brass objected. He tried to pull Americans out of Syria. Immediate media outcry from all the allies and saying he was betraying the Kurds. He tried to pull out of Iraq. Similar things West Africa could have basinas. Gene is a sort of slightly soft touch because the only people he's going to offend particularly by that again to be the French as we've seen well on the subject of the French being offended Jonathan they going to be aren't they and not without reason France already has four and a half thousand troops deployed in West Africa. There's two one hundred twenty more due to go shortly And it's not like they've been doing nothing night. They have found somebody to fight once they got there. Oh Yes yes. They've been very active. There and suffered suffered quite a few casualties as part of that. But also this fits for the Frans into a broader attempt by president. Emmanuel McCall to reset reset France's relationship with its former colonies in Africa lens going ahead on the economic front and on other fronts And and I think the question here is how much France wants to take responsibility for this region of the world how much it sees this. Moore's wars an international global Issue which the. US should continue to be involved with Mary. You made the accurate point. The trump's big pitch in two thousand sixteen was that he would bring troops home that America would not engage itself in pointless ridiculous interminable wars overseas etc.. He he probably does understand that the best pitchy can make this. November Is along the same lines. He he walked a very narrow path. Victory in two thousand sixteen but if he can go back the American people in two thousand twenty and say the economy's all right. I haven't started any stupid. That's probably his best shot. That being the case Do we wonder how nervous other NATO military chiefs are going to be the prospect of trump actually. Winning this thing is then possible that the arrest of NATO really has to stop thinking about the United States as the cornerstone of the alliance. Well I think that quite a lot of NATO but especially in the European Union That sense has really been strengthening. Ever since trump came to office there was quite a lot of diffidence Shall we say through the campaign. When trump seemed to cast aspersions on the future of NATO suggesting that it wasn't necessarily in US interest to Continue to be in NATO And you saw the Russians from that right across Europe but especially interestingly in Britain of course but also in eastern Central Europe where they see the United States and NATO in particular the protector. The A big protector of their security against Russia. Now it seems to me talk though Trump seemed to have been brought round a bit Um about the sort of survivability and relevance of NATO nonetheless that Trepidation in Europe remains and we've seen seen just in the last few days With a paper I think originating in the British military Where they say the new British government? When it does it's it's promised Security and defence review has got to look ahead to a time when the United States may and not be Engaged as it is in Europe and when the UK will have to look to being more autonomous in defense security terms and that is a complete rethink For All the British military your finds itself in classically horns Komo whatever cliche One canoes there on the one hand they want the United States to remain Invoke very very involved in NATO and if one is on his to be the main pair in NATO and supplier of troops And so on but at the same time particularly with trump in the White House. They don't want America to dominate dominate. When NATO is going so you get this whole debate about where is NATO? After the end of the Cold War Matt calls from about it being brain dead and having to rethink its future. Sure and so on. But you're has first of all to decide what role it sees for the United States and whether that allies with what trump things a couple. Let's move on now to the rare problem of what a retired. Pope should do with his time. Pope's usually leave the office of course only when recalled all to barracks by the omnipotent overlord but benedict the sixteenth bucked. This tradition in two thousand and thirteen when he handed in the big hat voluntarily since then benedict addict has mostly maintained inappropriate silence but he broke it a few weeks back to speak up in defense of priestly. Celibacy apparently concerned by reports that his successor Pope Francis Francis favored the church taking a more relaxed attitude. Will it now appears that Benedikt is walking it back. His name will be removed from future editions of the book in which he made his feelings known Mary. First of all It's obviously not possible to know the mind of a retired Pope Benedict the sixteenth sixteenth. But why would he be assuming that this point that anybody cares what he thinks. Well I think because he still has the rank this extraordinary sort of rank of Pope Emeritus America's extraordinary thing. I'm opposed America's you think he keeps on these credit card. Well that doesn't the hotel upgrade but by keeping the title even emeritus That puts tim effectively on a par with the current pope And I think that was always going to create difficulties and it's probably remarkable really that we haven't seen gene similar difficulties until now But I think that's also when you when you look at the two characters when you look at Pope Benedict as being What appeared a very reticent very theologically based very traditional minded German pope hope? And you look at Pope Francis who's latin-american And this in fact is where this whole troubles risen. Because he's talking about parts of the Amazon Wurzburg ver-very difficult priests. This argument is being going on for quite a long time as to whether if lifted the celibacy requirement. Then maybe it would be easier to find priests for those very remote remote areas But it does seem to me that in terms of character as well as in terms of everything else you're looking at two very different people and also a church which house has still a very strong conservative. Whatever the president pope says tries to do has a very very conservative lobby Maybe majority he I don't know and which you know finds it useful to appeal to the power of the Pope Emeritus. Jonathan an ice will confess to our listeners that I am not myself in especially accomplished a Catholic theologian. But you think I am. I'm hoping you know more about about this than I do. Just benedict the sixteenth quoted views on the issue in question itself. He says it doesn't seem possible to realize both vocations by which he meant the priesthood and marriage simultaneously. Now other married people in my experience have jobs boy. Is this one any different because When you become? I'm a priest as I understand it celibacy is part of your Decision to remove yourself from the material every every day human world and become somebody somewhat different Maria. I would like to expand this conundrum to the more general principle. Here which is which is what happens happens when people leave high office once you should that be the end of it once you are off the stage as it were should you therefore just shut up. Well I think One of the reasons may be the reason Currently for the continued existence of the House of Lords in the UK. is exactly I'm going to give a sort of position and role For people who have I think the current terminology is stepped back from public life But they can also make trouble even when they're in the Lord's even in what is regarded as subordinate position. vis-a-vis the comments I mean. We saw That Margaret Thatcher Entre gave her successor. John Major very hard time when he was in office And it's been I think it's quite difficult for people who've been to that extent engaged engaged on the front line Actually to say nothing when they see or seems to them that they're successor is behaving behaving such a foolish way when you suddenly become used to that and when you're still relatively young I mean that's the one has a number of quite young a young presidents prime ministers and so on retiring. Tony Blair Bill Clinton others who I think will find it very difficult just to say ongoing off to rotate long walks in the countryside. And say nothing I mean I. I'm sympathetic to that to an extent because it must be the heck of it adjustment from having the sort of the world hang. Hang on your every word to suddenly you know. Once you've sort of signed a piece of paper handed off nobody caring anymore but is there Jonathan away that you can do you. I guess constructive backseat driving. I mean I've just come back from Australia. Where our current Prime Minister Scott Morrison has been weathering? The bushfire crosses to a chorus of criticism. Some of it from one of his predecessors Kevin Rudd who broke with the protocol of differential respect and sank the Bhuttan with what unmistakably like relish the way that you can actually be helpful as a former officeholder. Yes I mean you can bring the wealth experience that you've had and good judgement judgement etcetera etcetera To to bear if your success was wanted of course they may not want they may not want somebody who was there and was perhaps more successful than them sitting on their shoulder the whole time so. It's very very difficult situation. I think you'd have a lot of ex-leader pitas find their way into leading a foundation for good works and so on but almost inevitably they get caught up in in what they used to do. I mean I think one of the one of the strongest conventions about not interfering not even commenting on your successor was in the United States. where past presidents were not not supposed supposed to say a word about their successor? But that's been broken barrack Obama who has been quite voluble On the subject of what he seizes uses the errors of Donald Trump's ways and on the one hand you know that's a lot of us who would say well you know good on him quite right for doing that on the other hand. I I think there's a very a very sensible place for this convention that says actually you should find something else to do or just imagine. Donald Trump defeated in November. I don't think he'll go silent silent.
The Falklands War Explained
"This episode is on the Falcons will and so we get straight into the Falklands war was a ten week. Undeclared war which we Argentina and the United Kingdom in one thousand nine hundred ninety two over two different territories in the south Atlanta the focus on islands territorial dependency which is south Georgia and South Sandwich Islands. The conflict guy on the second of I pro. When Argentine forces invaded occupied the focus ORLANDS? This was followed by invasion of south Georgia the next day in an attempt to establish the sovereignty claim them over on the fifth of April. The British government dispatched a naval task force to engage each week the Argentine navy and Air Force before making them in February so come the island. This conflict lasted seventy four days and ended with the Argentine surrender on the fourteenth for June. Were turning the islands to British control in total six forty nine auditorium military personnel. It's now on two hundred and fifty richest personnel and three folklore owners died during the hostilities. The conflict was a major episode. In the protracted dispute over the territory's sovereignty Argentina selected our maintains that they were Argentine find territory and Argentine government. That's characterizes military action as the reclamation of its territory the British government regard the action As an invasion of in crime colony since eighteen forty one the folkman islanders who had inhabited the island since the early nineteenth century with predominantly descendants of British cyclists and strongly favored which is shocking Leave estate officially declared war. Although both the government declared the islands of warzone hostilities was almost exclusively limited to the territories UNDIS- disputes and the area South Atlantic where Louis the conflict had a strong effect in both cultures and has been the subject various books articles films on songs uh-huh patriotic sentiment ran high in Argentina. But the outcome prompted large protests against the military government hastened its downfall in the United Kingdom the conservative government boasted by the successful outcome was reelected increased majority the following year the the cultural and political effects of the conflict have been less than the UK done in Argentina where it remains a common topic for discussion. Diplomatic diplomats relations between the United Kingdom and Argentina were restored in one thousand nine hundred nine fallen meeting Madrid a which the two governments issued the joint statement. No change in either country's position regarding the sovereignty of the Falkland Islands were made explicit in Nineteen ninety-four Argentina's in times claim to the territory was added to its constitution in the period leading up to the wall in particular perform transfer of power between the military dictators. General Jorge Raphael Videla and General Roberto Eduardo Viola late in March nineteen eighty see what Argentina have been in the midst of a devastating economic stagnation and large scale civil unrest against the military Giunta that been governor the country since nineteen seventy six in December. One thousand nine hundred what there was a change in the audit time military regime bringing to office. It's a new GENTA headed by General Leopoldo Galtieri Acting President and Averick Adele Lameta an admiral. George Weah was the main architect and supporter of military solution for the long standing claim over the islands calculating and that the United Kingdom would never respond militarily by opt-in for military action the Galateri government hoped to mobilized choice along standard patriotic feelings of Argentines towards the islands. Their star the public attention from the country's current economic problems on the regime's James Ongoing Human rights violations of the dirty war such actions would also boast a dwindling legitimacy the new space last preceding speculated on a step-by-step plan beginning with cutting off supplies to the island and direct actions slate to nine thousand nine hundred two if the UN talks were fruitless ongoing tension between the couteau countries over islands increased the online from March where Military Group of Argentine scrap metal merchants. They actually infiltrated by Argentine Marines raised as the Argentine flag at South Georgia Island. A not that would like to be seen as the first offensive action in the war. The blow navy ice patrol vessel H- H must endure. It was dispatched from standing to South Georgia on the twentieth in response the Argentine Ministry Genta suspect in the UK would reinforce his Atlantic forces ordered the invasion of the fulcrum islands to be brought forward to the second-ranked The UK was initially taken by surprise by the Argentine attack on the South Atlantic islands. Despite repeated wouldn't wooden royal naval captain Nicholas Barker it commanded. They're enjoying anivers- Balka believed that the Defense Secretary John Not Nineteen Nineteen eighty-one review in which knots described plans to rejoin the joins. The Yolk case only naval presence in the in the South Atlantic at center signal not Argentines that UK was unwilling would soon be unable to defend his territories subjects in the Falkland Islands on the Second Night Nineteen eight thousand nine hundred. The Argentine forces mounted on Fabius London's known as Operation Rosario on the Falkland Islands the invasion was met with nominal defense organized by full. Didn't governor Sir. Rex Hunt giving command to Major. Might Norman of the Royal Marines brings the events invasion included end of life. Talent commander Admiral Sanchez supply. Thomas I'm fabulous commanders. Group the attack on Moody Brook Barracks. The engagement between troops of Hugo Santelli on bill trip at Stanley on the final engagement and surrender government. Government has worthy invasion. I reach the U. K.. From auditing solstice. A minister defense operative in London had a short tally tax. Conversation with Governor. Hunt's telex operation confirmed that Argentines on the island and in control later that day BBC journalists Lorrimore Golez spoke with an Orlando at goose green via average rage of who confirmed the presence of a large oftentimes entire fleet and the Argentine forces had taken control of the island richest military operations in the Fulcrum Wolf were given the code thing Operation Culpa and the commander of the Task Force was Melissa. John fieldhouse operations lasted from first of all April nineteen thousand nine hundred to the twentieth of June nineteen ninety two. The British undertook a series of military operations as a means of recapturing the fortunes from Argentine Argentine occupation the British royalty taken prior in second April invasion in response to the events on South Georgia the submarines henchman splendid and H- H Mess Fox and was ordered to South to south on twenty nine March whereas the store ship Royal Flea Cle- exonerate for Austin was dispatched from the western Mediterranean H Messengers North Carrington. I wish to send a third submarine but his decision with deferred due to concerns about the impact on operational commitments coincidentally on the second of March suckering suckering hikmet superb after broke up and it was just seemed was in the press to be heading south that has been since been speculation. The effect effect these reports were panic. The Argentine Genta into invading the Falkland Islands before nuclear powered submarines could be deployed the following day. Join a crisis. Meeting headed by Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. The Chief of Naval Staff at Henry Leach advise that quote written could send Taskforce Skip. The islands were invaded and on the first April sent orders to a royal naval force. CARRINA LENA exercises in the Mediterranean to provide south-south Phony invasion on the second of April after emergency meeting of the cabinet approval was given to form a task force to retake the islands. This was backed in an emergency session of the House of Commons. The next day on the six by the British government set up a war cabinet to provide today political oversight the campaign this was the CRISCO instrument crisis-management to the British with his remittance to keep under review political or military development relating to the South Atlantic and to report as necessary to Defense Overseas Policy Committee. The Wall Cabinet Matt at least daily until it was dissolved on the twelfth of August although Margaret Thatcher is described as dominating the wool cabinet Lawrence Friedman notes in the official history of the Falkland Islands Campaign that she did not know opposition without concern of however wants a decision was reached. She did not look back and quote on the evening of April. The United Kingdom's nation's ambassador possums for a drop. The president of the United Nations Gertie Council the resolution which condemned hostilities in the media. Argentine ritual from the island was adopted by the council the following day as United Nations. WHO's not council resolution five? Oh two which passed with ten votes in simple when against ends up stations. China the Soviet Union potent UK receive fervor political support from members members countries the Commonwealth of Nations and the European Economic Community Australia Canada New Zealand withdrew that diplomats from bodice Ariz the e say also provided economic support by imposing economic sanctions on Argentina. Auden itself was politically literally backed by a majority of countries in Latin America of crucially knocked chilly and also some members of the Non Aligned Movement. The New Zealand government expelled the Argentine ambassador following the invasion Prime Minister Rob Dune was in London. When will grow finding an opinion piece published in science? He said quote the military rulers of Argentina must not be appeased. New Zealand will back Britain all the way and unquote will cost in on BBC World Service. He told the focus islands. This quote this robot mode do we all think Commu Given our full support total to the British government isn't this endeavors to rectify the situation. Get rid of the people invaded your Country Country Unquote on the twenty for May nine hundred eighty two. He announced that New Zealand would make H. M. S.. Concentrate prey lead. The class frigate valuable to use when the British were could fit to release royal. Navy vessels from the Falcons in the House of Commons almonds. Afterwards Margaret Thatcher said quote the New Zealand government and people have absolutely magnificent in support of this country and the Falkland Islanders just for the rule of liberty of law and quote the French president. Francois Mitterrand declared embargo home. Frenchamn sows thousand assistance to Argentina. In addition from allowed UK act craft warships use of his poor field facilities. That car in Senegal Frans provided dismisal aircraft training. So that Harry pilots could be trained against the French aircraft used by Argentina Intelligence also cooperated with Britain to prevent Argentina from containing more exit missiles on the international market. Kim a two thousand two interview in reference to the support John Not then defense secretary at disquiet France. At Britain's quote greatest tally in two thousand twelve. He came to light that wall. This poll was taken place. A French technical team employed by docile and already in Argentina remained death throughout the world. Despite presidential decree the team had provided material support to the Argentines identify and fixing faults in exit missile launchers. John Not set the unknown. The French team was that beset. It's what was thought. Be Not of any the important and advised that French government denied any knowledge the time that the tech teams that in contrast French intelligence officer maintained a team was that it was in intelligence gathering capacity. Joel not that asked if he regretted his surly praised. The French said he's the French. were quote the excess and always have been an quote. The Sierra Leone government allowed task for ships to refuel preterm. BBC Ten transport aircraft landed on Joel in the Gambia Umbria flight between the UK and Ascension Islands. The United States was concerned. A protracted conflict with the Soviet Union Argentina's Argentina's side and initially tried to meet yet then to the conflict through shuttle diplomats however when Argentina refused the US peace over rituals US Secretary of State Alexander. Hey announced that. The United States would prohibit sale arms to Argentina and provide material support richest operations rations both houses the US Congress passed resolutions supporting us. Parchin sided with the United Kingdom. The into and you S. provided United Kingdom with Sidewinder missiles for use by the Harrier jets President Ronald Reagan approved Royal Navy's Request to borrow the sea curry capable amphibious assault ship. US Awad Jima. If the British lost aircraft carrier the United States Navy developed a plan to help the richest man that Shit with American military contractors likely retired sailors with knowledge of a Jima Systems
"thatcher" Discussed on Historical Figures
"Welcome to thirty a._m. He entered the ceylon kallay the square room where she lived. The gallery.
"thatcher" Discussed on Historical Figures
"The She much like edward heath before or her saw what was coming. She called her cabinet members into her office one by one and ask them straight out. Do you still support me. The the answer from each of them was a resounding albeit respectful. No she withdrew herself from the leadership ballot on november twenty second and ended her political career with fiery speech in parliament summing up her accomplishments to both the labor opposition and the tories who just opposed her. She was succeeded by prime minister john major on the twenty eighth of november nineteen ninety margaret never really got over being thrown out of her office. She spent the rest of her years relatively quietly but was bitter and resentful of how she exited her work in government she she wrote her memoirs and held speaking engagements her daughter carol wrote a biography of dennis stature in nineteen ninety six while the biography mostly chronicled how dennis kept saying well margaret was running the country. It was also hugely critical of margaret as mother margaret died in two thousand thirteen at at the age of eighty seven after a stroke she had a huge state funeral which was accompanied by raucous street parties celebrating her death the week she died the song ding dong the which is dead from the wizard of oz hit number two on the u._k. Singles chart harsh obviously flea in her life and death. She was divisive while nobody can deny that margaret thatcher transformed the country and counteracted the economic decline that transformation mation also obliterated the mining communities in the u._k. Turned england from an industrial economy to a hub of international stock trading and pave the way for the skepticism of europe that eventually led to votes authorizing brexit margaret thatcher took power in great britain during a time when the country's people and and it's government were becoming increasingly divided across the political spectrum. She embodied this fractured country taking extreme actions that depending ending on who you ask either saved or doomed britain we'll leave you with the words of bard college professor richard aldous regarding the divisive legacy margaret thatcher. Thanks for tuning in to historical figures. We will be back in two weeks with a new episode. You can find all previous episodes of historical figures as well as all of our casts other shows on spotify and anywhere else else you listen to podcasts several you asked how to help us if you enjoy the show. The best way to help is to leave a five star review and don't forget to follow us on facebook and instagram. I'm at podcast and twitter at podcast network. We'll see you next time. Historical figures was created by max cutler. It is a production of cutler media and is part of the podcast network. It is produced by maxon ron cutler sound design by paul libeskind with production assistance by ron shapiro and paul moller additional production assistance by maggie admire and carleen madden. This episode of historical figures was written by alex whiskey in stars vanessa richardson and carter roy as.
"thatcher" Discussed on Historical Figures
"Keep the working class employed by the end of the nineteen fifties. Though unemployment was climbing and the labor government's attempts at keeping the money flowing in the workforce strong were faltering this. This was one of the factors that led to the conservative victory in nineteen fifty nine and put margaret into parliament. She was scheduled to speak in front of parliamentary a few months after her appointment on february fifth nineteen sixty margaret introduced a bill to restrict the power of labor unions by forcing them to allow press said their meetings in doing so the government would have a better idea of what the unions were planning. Her speech was a template for the rest of her political career earlier. She was poised in command of the issues but also strict demanding and completely hostile to her opponent which in this case were or the unions. The reaction in the house of commons was positive charlie panel a labor m._p. Who opposed the bill still noted specifically margaret's quote rather beautiful maiden speech and tory m p w f deedes praised margaret's courage in laying hands on such a bill even those those who are against margaret on the issue respected her goal for presenting it as her first act in parliament. The press were equally enthused to quote the sunday dispatch batch shortly after her speech fame and margaret thatcher made friends prime minister macmillan assigned margaret the parliamentary elementary secretary to the minister of pensions and insurance a low position that was traditionally reserved for women representatives. The job wasn't glamorous but margaret margaret took it as an opportunity she continued to learn about the inner workings of government and how spending was allocated however in nineteen sixty four power swung back to the labor party. There hadn't been much movement on the economic front and apparently the voters were more inclined to see labour. Try out some new solutions. Sion's margaret retained her seat in finchley but she wouldn't be able to spearhead legislation while labor was in power but just because she was now in the opposition didn't didn't mean that her life was any less busy at this same time. Dennis suffered a nervous breakdown. Dennis was fifty years old and felt responsible responsible for keeping both margaret and his family in good financial straights a pressure that ended up too much for him. He essentially disappeared to south africa for two to months to recuperate leaving margaret to handle her precarious political position on her own. Well dennis never officially said that margaret's career and the sudden change it took was responsible for his breakdown. Margaret's daughter carol feels that dennis dealt with the stresses of politics far worse than margaret ever did he was exhausted but according to carol he didn't like every aspect of being married to a politician. Dennis's sudden departure took a toll on margaret who began to feel very isolated and fearful. She was a member of a political party that was out of power and now her husband had seemingly left her. It was a stressful time. Dennis eventually returned from south africa sold is business and accepted cushy position on the board of directors of an oil and chemical company. There was guaranteed to keep his family in a good financial position with dennis back and in good standing margaret was able to refocus on her career career she served in six different shadow posts over the next six years working in treasury affairs housing and land fuel and power transport transport and education. This was actually an opportunity in disguise. These shadow posts exposed margaret several levels of national government which was able to learn about without the added pressure of making decisions since the tories were the minority. They didn't have any power to control policies. They could only protest them and margaret use this time to get very very good at protesting. She wasn't afraid to pick a fight with anyone who opposed her from either party. This fascinated many in the house of commons who were used to members toeing the party line. Margaret gained a reputation tation for being tough determined and well a little mean whether that reputation is embroiled in sexism or not is up for debate. The tory leader edward heath was considered an affable in diplomatic figure which put him constantly at odds with margaret's fiery determination though they were members of the same party. He made no secret of his distaste for her. He dragged his feet on any promotion. She demanded worrying that the higher shiro's arose the harder it would be to kick her out when she became too much to deal with heath and the tories retook the power after an election in june nineteen seventy wendy by then it was seen as regressive to have an all-male cabinet and despite heath's misgivings about margaret. He begrudgingly made her his secretary secretary of education. This was seen as a cabinet position that was the most feminine and oddly despite her small government leanings margaret regularly early wanted more money for education most of margaret's education policy stuck to those established by the labor government mostly due to public opinion favouring favoring labor strategy on one of the few occasions where she bucked the conventional wisdom of the department. She became embroiled in her first controversy wall. She sought more money for education. As a whole margaret also attempted to be thrifty with government spending she proposed ending a program that provided free the milk to schoolchildren after learning she could save eight million pounds by doing so shockingly. This was not a popular idea. The backlash was swift and immediate the british press dubbed her the most unpopular woman in britain and the very catchy mrs thatcher the milk snatcher ouch it definitely painted her and supremely negative light. Prime minister heath almost fired her over it. Margaret was so distraught by the public backlash that dentist suggested she cut her losses and quit politics altogether but she toughened up and later blamed her staff for not warning her of the possible backlash. The whole debacle seemed to vindicate heath who assumed the scandal would be enough to curb margaret's career margaret not willing to bend kept her head down and worked quietly as education secretary during the following years edward heath story government went weathered its own series of political tax. There was a devastating miners strike in one thousand nine hundred seventy. Two and wages were in such danger of sinking that many businesses businesses started operating only three days a week so that wages didn't bankrupt them. Heath eventually caved to the miners demands and the unions pushed for higher and higher wages driving inflation up to ten percent by nineteen seventy four. It seemed like he was over. A barrel. Margaret publicly stood by the prime minister and the party although she spoke harshly against heath's concessions in private heath finally called an election in nineteen seventy four and the tories were soundly defeated while margaret retained her seat. The tories were back to being the opposition party. Heath was offered the chance to step down from his position but he defied the rest of the party and continued to serve as conservative leader. The stage was set for an ultimatum and in february nineteen seventy five the tories made their move and called a challenge to try and vote heath out as tory party leader margaret sided sided with the rest of the party against heath and pinned her hopes on a friend sir keith joseph the perspective heir apparent to heath's position. However joseph removed himself from contention almost immediately after the challenge was called during a very public speech he said quote a high and and rising proportion of children are being born to mothers least fitted to bring children into the world. Some are of low intelligence most of low educational occasional attainment. They are unlikely to be able to give children the stable emotional background the consistent combination of love and firmness in other words. He called poor people stupid and evil. It didn't go over. Well and joseph quickly stepped down in his place. He suggested has to the tories vote for margaret. In the first vote of the leadership challenge margaret thatcher beat edward heath one thirty two one nineteen while margaret technically needed at least fifteen percent majority to win the leadership heath saw the writing on the wall and step down just like dat hat. Margaret thatcher was the leader of the conservative party margaret had always been a talented speaker as she prepared to accept the position she noted the monumental pressure that she knew was about to be pleased on her shoulders. Welder <unk> abilities away as i am to the door of number ten five on painting inside to pull bill the talk and prompt within the people of place in me and the thing in which i believe as sudden as her ascension to leadership was it wasn't without its drawbacks. The prevailing wisdom is that margaret only one because heath so despised in the party not because she was popular margaret had our work cut out for her but she relished the challenge. She began working with t._v. Producers to hone and cultivate her image she spoke out publicly and often against the soviet union who in response ran a newspaper article article dubbing her the iron lady a nickname that she adored and immediately adopted. It's definitely a better name than milk snatcher. In nineteen seventy eight a series of labor unions led strikes in a period later referred to as the winter of discontent during the strike sanitation public safety and ambulance work ceased and the labor government were just as over a barrel as prime minister. He had been a few years ago. Somehow unemployment was rising inflation was climbing and wages were dormant. It was a mess and the people of the u._k. Demanded mandat a solution margaret pressure colleagues to call an election during the campaign margaret attack labour party's performance in promise the usual tori platforms of free enterprise tax cuts and spending decreases. Here's some contemporary reporting including a quote from margaret commotion went on for most of the day with conservative leader margaret thatcher's leading the attack on mr callaghan and his labor government policies due to tell the two minutes dog offenses and undermine public confidence in the law uh failure of politics but which failed to debate didn't really sway anyone you want. The legislators were committed to their positions long before the vote was taken and as expected mr callaghan lost will now resign a name a date for a general election they can london labour finally conceded and held an election in one thousand nine hundred seventy nine which the tories soundly one margaret britt thatcher has the leader of the party became prime minister margaret took office on may fourth of that year and in her first speech as prime minister promised missed quote to replace discord with harmony error with truth doubt with faith and despair with hope through a combination of her own dogmatic work ethic per dedication to conservatism and some serious missteps by predecessors on both sides of the aisle margaret thatcher had become the first female prime minister of great britain at the age of fifty three within her first few months. She implemented a flagship policy any of her premiership the right to buy council houses. Essentially she enacted a law that gave five million tenants of government sponsored council homes the ability to buy out the homes from the government council homes were the british equivalent of public housing and margaret's legislation gave low income citizens the the chance to become homeowners at a reduced price while also reducing government overhead this was at the time a widely popular policy as as well as reflecting an element of the tory dream. Anyone who wanted to own house should be able to own one there were drawbacks but she did make affordable housing available margaret also quickly raised taxes on goods and services attempting to bring in more more revenue for the government so they could lower income taxes and get a handle on inflation and interest rates however the short term response was abysmal abysmal on employment climbed which was exacerbated by margaret allowing several struggling industries to fold rather than bailing them out as their predecessors right assessors had she saw england as a free market state and that meant survival of the fittest and industry with no regard for the welfare of the workers. The tories did not take this development very well. Margaret had campaigned on promises of saving the economy and within a few months it was cratering worse than it it had under labor. Margaret approval rating dropped to twenty three percent the lowest of any p._m. Up to that point pressure was on to renege on her policies as has unemployment climbed three hundred sixty four economists banded together to write a letter to the times of london promising that these extreme policies were going going to quote threaten england's social and political stability but margaret thatcher was defiant at the tory party conference in nineteen eighty. She made it clear with one of her. Most famous remarks you turn if you want to the lady's not for turning believing in her policies she would stay the course we'll explore the defining years of margaret thatcher's political career after this now back to the story as she was settling into her first term as britain's prime minister and contending with a turbulent economy margaret thatcher faced her first real test of leadership on april thirtieth nineteen eighty terrorists from the group known as the arabs of say storm the iranian embassy in london and took the staff there hostage. The terrorists held the hostages for six days. Thatcher ordered a team of s._a._s. Commandos commandos to deal with the gunman in the first ever operation that the s._a._s. carried out on british soil after breaching the embassy with explosives. The s._a._s. quickly regained control of the situation. Five of the six gunmen were killed in the raid. It was for the most part a success and engage margaret a reputation as a strong forceful leader. It even became a common theme for political cartoonists to draw margaret busting through windows guns blazing but her bolster reputation wouldn't do much good unless the economic situation improved which it thankfully started to economic growth was at four percent in nineteen eighty-one and inflation was steadily dropping margaret claimed in nineteen eighty one that the party was through the worst of it however even this wasn't enough to guarantee that margaret could stay in power much longer while inflation and interest rates were coming under control whole unemployment was still climbing reaching three million in nineteen eighty-two. If a general election or a vote of no confidence was called called margaret would be finished then margaret god incredibly lucky when argentina invaded britain more to be more specific specific. Argentina invaded a british colony. The falkland islands were a tiny holdover from britain's colonial days populated by about eighteen hundred people off the southeast coast of south america throughout the nineteen seventies britain had actually tried to give the islands back to argentina how ever the islanders liked being british citizens and refused any efforts to be returned to argentinian sovereignty in nineteen eighty-one in an effort to cut government spending margaret took the advice of our advisors in withdrew several warships from patrol in the area however argentina had recently been taken over by a dictatorial junta who were eager to prove their might eight the ships withdrawing from the falklands signaled they were ripe for the plucking and the islands fell under argentinian rule on april second nine hundred eighty two britain was immediately outraged and embarrassed by the argentinian invasion and many tories blamed matcher and her cabinet for leaving the islands vulnerable again. These are the same islands that they were trying to give back to the argentinians tinians only a few years ago. Then invasion is an invasion during these weeks. The reagan administration worked with the u._n. And attempted to sue for peace but margaret's government and the argentines both stood firm looking back. It's more than likely that margaret was counting on the argentinians to not back down after all a conflict would almost certainly result in a british victory which in turn would make margaret appear favorable to patriotic brits. That's exactly what happened on may fourth twenty british soldiers died after the argentinians sank a destroyer. The british retaliated by invading the island on may twenty first u._k. Won the day with relatively little bloodshed on the island. The war ended on june fourteenth. This was is arguably the greatest triumph of margaret's political career her approval rating soared to fifty nine percent by july nineteen eighty-two the highest i would ever climb the prevailing feeling in the country is that she had stood up against a bully and regained britain's honor on the world stage. Margaret margaret coasted towards a second term winning with a huge majority on june ninth nineteen eighty-three the landslide victory spurred margaret to keep pushing her mandate throughout nineteen eighty-four her supporters pointed to her victory as proof that the voters were obviously responding to her except that wasn't exactly the case despite the number of seats the tories won in the nineteen eighty-three election less than forty five percent of the country actually voted noted for her and her huge win was mostly due to the structure of the voting districts in terms of actual turnout. It was one of the weakest victories in british history tree. Still a win is a win and margaret took advantage of her new term in nineteen eighty four. She pushed for heavy privatization privatization of industries. These were industries that were propped up by both labour and tory governments to help keep people employed after the economic stagnation that came from world war two but margaret believed it was time for them to fend for themselves by the end of the following year. The previously public british telecom british gas and british airways had all been sold off to shareholders and standbys of industry where now in the hands of private investors this this immediately resulted in layoffs as the shareholder sought to maximize profits. Margaret also struck out harder against labor unions. She truly believed the path half to an economically strong. Britain was only achievable. If unions couldn't interfere with the growth of private industry should made headway in weakening the unions before four but now she was in a position to finally transform britain's relationship with organized labor. One of her major changes was altering a law regarding strikes likes now. If a union wanted to strike it was required to get permission from a majority of workers in the union which would guarantee less action. This combination asian of privatization and aggression against unions would culminate in one of the more torius events of thatcher's rule. The miners strike of nineteen eighty-four for most of the working class in the u._k. Especially in wales were minors but that industry had been flagging for decades whereas the previous administration had tried their best to keep the minds going. Margaret chose a different tactic. If the minds weren't making money they'd get shutdown. She proposed closing twenty unprofitable minds which would eliminate twenty thousand jobs. The miners naturally really weren't happy about this. The leader of the national union of mineworkers arthur scargill violated the law and called for a strike without polling his union. I i for the bulk of nineteen eighty-four the miners strike would dominate the news margaret as always stood firm against the descent she ordered a massive massive police presence to counter the picketing miners and these pickets regularly turned violent one notable event termed the battle of or grieve devolved into a pitched battle between thousands of miners and police spurred on when mounted police charged the miners fifty one miners and seventy epide- two police officers were injured during the strike over eleven thousand miners were arrested and most of them were fired from their jobs. The the strike raged on throughout nineteen eighty four with both margaret thatcher and arthur scargill refusing to budge in the meantime other tensions flared this time almost lethally during the tory party conference in october of that year margaret and her cabinet were staying at the grand hotel in brighton. <hes> margaret was awake at three a._m. October twelfth preparing her speech for the next morning in those early hours of the morning a bomb that had been planted in margaret's restroom detonated lasting a huge hole in several stories of the hotel by nothing but sheer luck doc margaret had been waiting outside of the bathroom. When the bomb went off pet. She'd been any closer to the restroom. She likely would have been killed. Five people were killed killed in the attack including a tory. M p in thirty one were injured. Margaret was escorted out and appeared in front of the press amir hour later her composed and poised. She went on to give her speech. The next morning as scheduled by all accounts margaret was completely unshaken in her memoirs. She recollect her mental state the morning after the bombing quote. The news was bad much worse than i had feared. I saw the news who's that roberta wakeham and anthony berry m._p. Were dead. I knew that i could not afford to let my emotions get control of me. I had to be mentally and physically physically fit for the day ahead the next day. The irish republican army took credit for the bombing the irish republican army or i._r._a. Worthy representatives of northern ireland who were currently in a bloody and protracted rebellion against centuries of british occupation when taking credit for the bombing in the i._r._a. Statement read mrs thatcher will now realise that britain cannot occupy our country and torture our prisoners and shoot our people bull in their own streets and get away with it today. We were unlucky but remember we only have to be lucky once you will have to be lucky key always give ireland peace and there will be no more war.
"thatcher" Discussed on Historical Figures
"Before we go any further we should do a quick rundown of the british political system. There are two houses in the british parliament lords and commons. The house of lords is filled by appointment whereas whereas commons is an elected body commons is generally where most legislation is debated there six hundred fifty elected members of parliament or m._p.'s. He's in commons. An election must be held every five years but a prime minister can call an election whenever they want. If your political party has the most seats in comments congratulations you're running the country. There are two major political parties in britain the left-wing labour party and the right wing conservative party more commonly known as the tories humorously. The name came from an old irish in salt meaning criminal. We'll let you draw your own conclusions about that. Each political critical party has its own leadership decided internally by their n._p.'s. If that party takes the majority in commons the leader becomes prime minister mr but at the party loses power the former prime minister still retains their leadership status within the party unless they resign or voted out on the other hand a sitting prime ministers own party may turn on them and remove them from power via a vote of no confidence while the position of prime minister has no term limits like an american presidency does the to check system of both party and population approval helps. Keep the position in check while nonconsecutive consecutive prime minister terms are possible. They are rare. The lack of term limits means that someone only leaves the position of prime minister if they are voted out generally generally the party's avoid putting someone fourth for the position who had already been voted out the one other main element worth noting is that each department of government like education education and health has shadow representatives which sadly isn't quite as cool as it sounds. It has a similar function to minority leadership in the u._s. Senate as in a group of representatives from the non-controlling party who are there to consult on policy while not having much power to influence. It would sort of be like if the the u._s. Secretary of state had another secretary of state sitting around and telling them they were doing everything wrong without really executing any policy. This was the system. I'm in which margaret thatcher would go on to make her mark. Margaret graduated from oxford in one thousand nine hundred forty seven with a degree in chemistry. We and immediately found work as a research chemist. She worked on projects such as improving the taste of certain screams that may sound like a dream job but but margaret wasn't happy with the work where her annual salary was fifty pounds less than her male counterparts and she was often promised promotions that never happened happened margaret new by then that are real passion was politics after working her oxford connections in the tories she was named the conservative candidate for the parliamentary seat representing the town of dartford in the nineteen fifty election. It was almost mathematically impossible that she would win. The tory leadership leadership weren't exactly setting up to fail but she was young and untested dartford was a historically labor district so the tory leadership wasn't risking losing anything by nominating margaret there plus she could learn how to work in politics at a ground level as she prepared for her first election margaret experienced -perienced one more personal milestone she met denis thatcher up perfect gentleman who was rich quiet and polite as denis. Dennis and margaret commenced their courtship. She was soundly defeated. In consecutive elections called in february nineteen fifty and october nineteen fifty one none despite the loss margaret made a name for herself. The media found her fascinating as both the youngest conservative candidate and a woman in politics she she lost but she also gained about six thousand voters that had supported labor in the last elections. After her second loss in dartford she married dennis in december nineteen fifty one and officially became margaret thatcher weil denis and margaret by all accounts cared for each other deeply their marriage also oh had more practical advantages dennis was wealthy and connected. He routinely interacted with england's business elite. Being dennis's wife gave margaret margaret certain air of respectability that she previously didn't have as a woman from humble town after marrying dennis margaret quitter job as a chemist in pursuit sued politics full-time enrolling in law school in nineteen fifty two and becoming a certified barrister. That's u._k. Term for a lawyer in december nineteen. I'm fifty three. She specialized in tax law which gave her the expertise to argue about economics on a national level towards the end of margaret's legal education. She also gave birth to twins mark and carol in august nineteen fifty. Three one popular or historical joke is that margaret had the twins on purpose a boy and a girl born at once for maximum efficiency joke or not efficiency was the doctrine in the thatcher household. Margaret had her career to worry about and had little interest in slowing down her ambitions for her new children dennis. Meanwhile you had a successful paint manufacturing business that kept him busy. Mark and carol were in the hands of nannies for most of their infancy and margaret and denis shuttled him off have to boarding school as soon as they could margaret's focus on her career was somewhat revolutionary for the time and she was outspoken about her beliefs that women should pursue sued the highest callings they could however she was always reluctant to frame herself as a role model. She knew the kind of person she needed to be if she wanted to succeed and she also knew that not. Everyone was cut out for that kind of life. She's quoted as saying it would be extremely difficult for a woman to make it to the top but with dennis's money and her growing reputation among the tories margaret was able to dedicate the next five years to lobbying for a better seat she might have a good chance of swinging a win and making it into parliament. Her persistence finally paid off in july nineteen fifty eight margaret was named the tory nominee for finchley officially was a london suburb that was a model for the england margaret envisioned rich full of new money and independently run business finchley was seen as a safe conservative seat but she still ran up the numbers winning four thousand more or votes than our party's predecessor in october nineteen fifty nine through hard work some lucky circumstances and an incredible determination margaret thatcher had finally been elected to parliament. She would be findlay's representative for over thirty years until nineteen ninety her political. Oh career was just getting started next. We'll see how margaret rose through the tories and became the face of modern conservative politics during some of the worst economic struggles england ever faced birthdays anniversaries the holidays. These are the important dates. Most people tend to remember but the park asked network remembers important dates in true crime history every day. My new show uh-huh today in true crime takes you back to the biggest events in true crime that happened each day in history whether the crime is infamous or just plan interesting. There's a crime story for every day of the year. August thirty first eighteen eighty eight jack the ripper commits his first murder october third nineteen eighteen ninety five o. J. simpson is acquitted. November nineteenth two thousand seventeen cult leader charles manson dies today in true crime. 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"thatcher" Discussed on Historical Figures
"Hi. I'm vanessa richardson in. I'm corduroy. Welcome to historical figures apar- cast original every other wednesday we discussed the different persons lasting historical impact unique unique personality and impression on the world around them are audio biographies cover big lives but we like to focus on little known facts today. We're discussing discussing margaret. Thatcher england's first female prime minister known to both supporters and detractors as the iron lady thatcher who was england's p._m. From nineteen seventy nine to nineteen ninety and was hugely influential in england's transition into a modern economic power thatcher's thatcher's conservative policies and her commitment to seeing them through transformed britain but according to some it also irrevocably destroyed the way the of life for most of the working class but we're not here to say whether thatcher was good or bad for britain rather we're going to look into how she rose from her small roots up up through the ranks of the male dominated british political scene and became one of the most powerful and controversial figures of the late twentieth century margaret old enough to handle a broom. Her father was particularly instrumental informing margaret's. It's worldview around the family dinner table. He would exclusively discuss politics and philosophy without any room for gossip or more trivial matters alfred a staunch conservative engaged in politics because he was resentful of the left leaning policies of the other local politicians who he saws interfering with the livelihood of business owners like himself true to his character. He didn't just speak out against policies. He disagreed with he ran for office office so that he could work to enact change alfred was also a methodist preacher local councillor alderman and eventually served as the town mayor in doing doing so he exposed margaret to the power of the political system and instilled in her the firm conservative belief that the government should not interfere with those trying into independently succeed as she grew up margaret came to model herself after her father even going so far as to devote her focus in school to more more male dominated subjects she had a knack for science and chemistry and earned distinction from her high school when she graduated in nineteen forty two at the age of seventeen her final report from the school was prophetic. Margaret is ambitious and deserves to do well and she took that to heart immediately set her sights on a lofty goal to attend england's prestigious oxford college. Margaret missed doubt on a scholarship which prompted her father to offer to pay her tuition. That's interesting given that much of margaret's political philosophy would stress the independence of individuals individuals. Perhaps she knew that accepting that help from her father would open the doors for her own political ambitions regardless margaret enrolled at oxford in nineteen forty thirty three to study chemistry. Margaret was by all accounts a decent student but she really excelled in her extracurricular activities namely. The oxford conservative association margaret came to lead this organization during her time at school becoming the second woman ever to do so the conservative association was was a prestigious club and its members often hobnobbed with the tory elite.
"thatcher" Discussed on The Majority Report with Sam Seder
"Washington. Get rid of everybody and field. Fly. You've got to still Terry. And apparently that constituent was onto something because he certainly didn't have the skill set. He was backing off the letter very quickly saying how he didn't write it. There were people there were other members in the dark hiding out who who were frayed that it was written. And then he goes on to compare Nancy Pelosi Tamargo Thatcher, which I think from an ideological standpoint is wrong and also from a historical standpoint what he discussed also wrong. And it didn't seem to do very well politically with his own constituents here he is. Someone told his. On the same difference. The foreign parliament. Terms. And. Not to be. Floor. Vote. Anyway. She went to the floor twisted arms. Hopes. Prime minister went on. And that's that's. That is the strangest first off what happened. Margaret Thatcher is our own party. She didn't have the votes amongst our own party. Nancy Pelosi clearly has the majority of Democrats in favor of her even prior to the opposition falling apart to the point where she's like almost orchestrated the opposition. Well, you need to hundred eighteen votes. She had the vast majority of democratic votes, even if she didn't get to to eighteen right Thatcher lost confidence her own party lost confident in her in. This instance, you're talking about maybe ten percent of the Democrats wanting to vote against her. So that analogy was wrong and just the analogy of like, and they got a new prime minister and everything was fine. Pretty dramatic change. Thatcher was hor- rugged fifth grade civics lesson really is. I'm gonna I'm gonna do something that hopefully, you won't pick up on. How condescending it is. As I tell you this story. My understanding is that year was booted because she wasn't pro Europe enough. Is that right? John Major typeset very possible. She wasn't moving into the twenty first century. All right. Let's play this. And then we'll we'll start taking some phone calls. Here. Let's take this. Let's take a phone. Call right now..
"thatcher" Discussed on WJR 760
"Don't we miss the margaret thatcher's of the world real leaders leaders a woman a real leader history is head real leaders who are women call the mayors another this michelle obama her comments where she looks out at members of congress and she sees color or the lack of color in her view she's no wonder we struggle no wonder we don't get along no wonder people don't trust us the perpetuation of this kind of hate and division is part of the problem we have in this country it's a big part of the problem we have in this country and she's part of it you're not allowed to say it oh no no no no she could win the presidency in she dresses so beautifully and has such magnificent ideas and she so articulate i'm sorry count me out qiao me out colorblind society that's what the civil rights movement was all about i know it because i i know of martin luther king had to say a colorblind society and yet all michelle obama and the radical left see his color color and some on the radical left our promoting the reset rotation of society i'm not even talking about the white supremacists course there oh i'm talking about radical leftists the derogatory phrases in terms they use when they talk about race it's just incredible to me it's the final hour of the show i get a move on some other issues you know general joseph done for it is you know general joseph joseph dumped for is he's the chairman of the joint chiefs of staff oh i laid out for you in some detail yesterday as have others the material breaches of.