2 Episode results for "Tara Breath"
BONUS MINIPOD: The Child
"Hello and welcome back to another archives of Bella Bonus summary episode of Bite sized injection of tongue-in-cheek. Right into your ears if this isn't enough to satiate hunger for more listen to the full episode. If that's still not enough listen to other episodes of the podcast if you still want more and need to know what these characters and creatures look like head over to archives of Bila Dot com where there are hundreds of pages diving deep into the archives. Bella mythos also be sure to buy copy of a book on Amazon. There's so much more to come but right now. Let's focus on the newest addition to our delightful cruise through time in this magical world. I'm dillon fully. And this is archives of Sabella Beyond Our world there is love beyond our world there is more beyond our world there is life the our world there is Bella. It's the year forty eighty five by intra Bella equal to eighty five eighty on earth a troupe of dwarves journeying through the rainforest in the island of Adel are under attack. The only survivor of this massacre is a small baby known when the mysterious assailants try to capture her. A shock. Wave of magic erupts out of the baby. She is left in the forest. As night descends upon the Land Cavalry beside her dead mother. Baby you can suck it. We've got a new rugrats. In the ring folks not far away from where this baby has been left in the deep dark forest is a family of goblins led by Christos more. Sada justice works as a blacksmith. Just outside Fort Ruge Solis which has become a profitable trading post under the banner of the Republic fantasia. Solis is starting to fall into decline. Because there is another port on the island called Ortho controlled by the dwarfs this deep competition in the trade business and manufacture of goods does not endear goblins dwarf in folk and the two of them. Heaven tense rivalry. Trista is none too happy when day to be approached by a dwarf named Hogan asking about a troupe of his kind that is late to arrive Christos throws Hogan off his property. But it isn't until later on a trip into the dark rainforest in the dead of night with his son. That Trista IOS finds out. Exactly what happened to Hogan's door troop every one of the dwarves are dead except for the baby gnome? We met at the beginning of our story. Despite his prejudice against the Little People Trista takes the baby home. Trista has to keep the baby a secret from his wife Cora because she has no love for dwarf kind either. That secret is blown up. Like a stick of Dina might under it when the baby escapes. It appears right at the family's front door. Christos covers for himself by saying the BBC is human and not in fact a female doors. Cora tenderly takes the baby in her leathery green arms and names her Tara. But there's another surprise about Tara that the Goblin matriarch doesn't know. Tara is gifted child who cannot control her powers. Most of these powers showed themselves on Cora and Tristan is forced to watch in horror as his wife sprouts jelly blisters and huge ears. He's gotTa get rid of this kid immediately. Crystals rides into town in an effort to find hogue into take Tara instead. He finds that there has been a swell of murders town of not just dwarves but half lanes as well. It's highly likely that Hogan is dead the perpetrators of these crimes quickly and nounce themselves as Goblins at Newark rest. Berm chapter head of the Goblin Blacksmith. Guilt and his hulking. Orc ENFORCER BUS ORDINATE CHRISTOS OWN. People are killers and are searching for. Tara upon return to his homestead Trista learns that Cora knows exactly what is going on after all. It's her to miss the magical edition of a third arm and snake tongue. Cora is a monster on the inside at a monster on the outside as she orders her husband to dispose of Tara trips though has turned over a new leaf he devised Cora and cares for Tara himself casting aside his hatred for the award race. Once and for all Cora won't stand for this and sends were to soldiers stationed at Fort Ricca. Solis to come for Tara Breath. Burma and breath ordered arrive instead. Intent ON SLAUGHTERING. The CHILD THEY KIDNAP. Tara and set fire to the household. Corre knows she messed up. Big Time and cheers Christos on se. Gallops off to rescue Tara from the Goblins Clutches Christos is top of his game. When hit counts boom he decapitates bus slice? Respiratory gets an axe to the heart. Tara is saved the family adopts Tara as a daughter but this happy ending is short-lived when Hogan Returns Trista has no choice but to give up. Tara to her real father. It's a heartbreaking end but let me leave you with another nice little glimmer of hope you remember last episode where I did that. Cool little history lesson as Emmett that took place. In general Saint Tara's Academy of Magic and science are girl grows up to be not just a random gnome but to hang with the Pantheon of heroes and a legendary figure in her own right. That's all thanks to the kindness. Shown to her by a family of Goblins who rescued her from death while she rescued their hearts. That's it for this episode of Archives of about La speculate away at archives of Ability Dot Com. Send in those questions for a future mail bag. Every Rhode are carriers. Bella is available on spotify Apple Stitcher or wherever you get your podcasts. It is created hosted and produced by Dylan Foley with music by Garrett Ferris and audio blocks books are available on Amazon in e Book and paperback as always look outside of what is possible and think about what might be.
Israeli airstrikes escalate
"G seven leaders wrap up and head home leaving open questions about the u._s. and iran iran sitting down to talk about global markets in the middle of the u._s. Trade war with china. A small positive move in the market might reflect. Things aren't really really terrible. Terrible rather than things are really really really terrible. I'm marco werman. Climate activists were also at the g seven with a clear message to politicians. We need now nor blah. Blah no more speech between the action. Meanwhile the amazon continues to burn and indigenous people are alarmed also today space cried live really space crime imagine maybe someone rips a hole in someone else's face suit on the surface of mars and results in homicide. I will the court system operate those stories and more today. You're on the world. I'm marco werman and you're with the world. Thank thank you for joining us today. Lebanon's president is pointing the finger at israel and talking about a declaration of war. Meanwhile israeli troops on the northern border with lebanon are on high. I alert today because the iranian-backed lebanese militia hezbollah is threatening imminent military action. All this comes after reports of israeli drone strikes over the weekend inside inside lebanon israel has carried hundreds of air strikes next door inside syria since the civil war began there as well back in two thousand eleven but recent news reports point two israeli rayleigh involvement in attacks in lebanon and iraq as well a who'd erin is a professor of international relations at the university of haifa in israel <hes> a hoot aaron and what's going on here from israel's perspective and you see it as all part of the confrontation between israel and iran yes michael. You're absolutely correct. The fundamental effect is israel's efforts to try and curb iranian military buildup in the region. <hes> israel views iran is a threat. They're to other a specific context to the escalation. We're witnessing now. <hes> one is a political context. <hes> israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu is going to election september seventeenth seventeenth and one of his biggest selling tickets is images me secure the-the defender israel. There's also military context that israel defense forces takes a disproportionate role in military decision making so this is a multilevel game if you will so let me ask you about the political context context for a moment <hes> and <hes> benjamin netanyahu shoring up his mr security bona fides. I mean there. Is that national election just a few weeks away. Are you worried about a wag. The dog august factor that the attacks right now are politically motivated. I don't believe they're fully politically motivated. There is general consensus in israel including among the opposition that iran is a threat a moreover prime minister netanyahu contrary to his image has been very careful in the use of military force what he is is doing is taking a consensual military air force and trying to leverage it as much as he can politically but but why these attacks now i mean isn't iran the same central threat israel it. It was like last year there to developments that indeed warrant closer luke one is the expansion of attacks to iraq at israel does not take full responsibility disability off these by the way so that's also another efforts may be not to create casing the region. The second at which you referred to was in lebanon here. The details are not fully clear. It is something that was unprecedented. You're right. It's not exactly clear why now we're expanding to iraq. One put possibility is that israel's effort to contain the iranian syria had been generally successful and so de iranians are developing infrastructure in iraq and israel wants to expand their but but even even with israel not claiming responsibility. I mean the reports of israeli airstrikes in syria lebanon and iraq. I mean it all seems pretty. Provocative isn't israel the aggressor sure here so this gus to how do you define aggression. <hes> it's true i glance at israel took the action in attack targets in the region seen from israel however the slow build up of iranian military capabilities and support for its proxies in the region ease ease the aggression and therefore israelis merely responding to iranian encroachment so a tantalizing little glimmer <hes> at the g. seven today <hes> emmanuel macron announcing that there there could be a potential meeting between iran and the u._s. <hes> what are all these reports of attacks by israel across the mideast i mean how will that sidetracked and how will that impact u s israel relations so in first glance you know it's a destabilizing component is an escalation between the armed conflict within israel and iran's proxies in the region in which iranians get hurt from time to time iran may calculate that the deal with the u._s. is more important and therefore it tweet constrain any response by his bala or any of its other allies <hes> on the other hand the u._s. Macy israeli behavior is adding to the pressure. Uh on iran in the context of its negotiations with iran we know president trump is driven by transactional approach. Finally i would say israel oil and especially its defense establishment avai close to the u._s. and would be very careful to take any action. The challenges threatens american interests in the region ehud aaron with university of haifa in israel. Thanks very much for being with us today. Thank you for including me. Daycare china and the united states are in the midst of a serious serious trade war that much we know exactly where we're at is hard to figure out especially after contradictory statements from president trump over the last few days today we we heard this last night. Train people and say let's get back to the table so we'll be getting back to the table. Even that's not been confirmed firmed but it comes after trump called his chinese counterpart america's top enemy and he said he wants more tariffs even so that with of somewhat encouraging news in the trade war was enough to help lift the markets today michael klein teaches economics at the fletcher school at tufts university and editor of econo- fact dot org michael. What is your sense are the u._s. Lesson china heading back to the negotiating table. I think it's very hard to tell at this point because we've been whipsawed back and forth with contradictory information and in the pass the president has said things about trade deals being completed when in fact they weren't and we just don't know at this point. Why do you think the markets appear to be responding positively. You can't read too much into any small movement of the market. It looks much worse so people thought things are going to go really badly. Maybe there's a little bit more. Hope nope but again a small positive move in the market might reflect things are really really terrible rather than things aren't really really really tara breath. How does china see how much china hurting from the trade war is is the pain making them reconsider negotiations. Do you think there's evidence that the chinese economy is slowing down in the trade. War probably has something to do with that but the trade war doesn't help us really either <hes> inflicting pain on the world economy comes back to get us as well. You know a lot of people look at the white house and believe that nothing's going on but you know some people do believe that the white house has a strategy to try to separate the u._s. economy from the chinese chinese economy in terms of reducing interdependence for goods and services. Are you seeing that and do you think it's a good thing. I think that there is an effort to separates separates united states economy from china but i don't think that's a good thing international. Supply chains are so pervasive now that an effort to try to separate a country intrigue that has been an important part of international supply chain is going to be very disruptive for firms in the united states so finally house all this changing the chinese nineties perception of washington what is beijing right now not just the trump administration but what does beijing see with the u._s. Government more broadly. I think one thing to keep in mind is that beijing is not a unitary actor. There are different interest groups. There's the people's bank of china there's a trade group and so on and what they're seeing probably ably most prominently is the inconsistency in the policy and trying to figure out how to out with that inconsistency in some ways people might think that this this is a good thing but on the other hand the real problem with china has to do with things like intellectual property things that would have been much better address through a multi see national effort through for example the trans-pacific partnership but that was scuttled in the very first days of this administration. Are the chinese getting any more fluent with the inconsistency instances in washington. I don't think anyone is getting any more fluent with the inconsistency in washington by definition. The inconsistency is very difficult to follow michael klein professor of economics at tufts and editor of the contract dot o._r._g. Newsletter thank you thank you marco. What a long hot summer. This has been in many parts of the northern hemisphere here. Francis heatwaves also made headlines japan also suffered. He'd actually killed dozens of people there this summer and sent thousands more to the hospital. Lots of people in japan rely on air conditioning win temps sore but the settings on the a._c. And the way they use it that that might surprise you abigail leonard reports from tokyo summer in tokyo hot really hot and oppressively humid the other day when it was ninety eighty six and my weather app told me it felt like a hundred and eight. I took my kids to a water festival at the higo hosokawa public garden when we get there. A woman leads me inside to help me put on a yukata. It's sort of a casual lightweight. Kimono hot hot isn't it. She says right so now that we have our yukata fit. We're gonna go to the water ceremony so there's just a long row of people in beautiful flower yukata in there have buckets in front of them and these big ladles and they're taking the ladles and and throwing the water on the ground. It's actually really beautiful sort of like late afternoon. Light and big parking phrase of water children are doing a great job of getting the water everywhere premium. I'm a little bit wet grade. I think everything the name for this is due the ancient japanese tradition of spreading water on roads. It's an in front of homes to cool the air. It's been shown to lower the surface temperature by a couple of degrees. Here's koji ammonia who organized the event off they all night people follow air conditioning. He says but it does give a nice feeling of coolness. During the summer heat of course most japanese he's households do have air conditioning about ninety percent the same as the u._s. But it's you slightly differently here. I spoke with takashi obey from daikin industries. One of japan's largest air conditioner manufacturers show you pictures. He opens a catalog so i can see the most popular air conditioners in japan and in the u._s. Albridge points quality has these system. It's three ceiling mounted units one of the parents bedroom one in the kids room and one in the living room room and they're all separately controlled then. He shows me their most popular model in the u._s. Central air which cools the whole house japanese prefers separate units because because electrcity is more expensive here jefflin's be bull reich to a safer energy and save money so they use a <hes> separate room system. I have that kind of system in my tokyo apartment. You only cool the spacer using so. I'm setting it to seventy seventy five degrees. That's high for the u._s. Most americans keep their a. c. at seventy three or lower but that would be considered really cold in japan the government's official recommendation set your a._c. Two eighty two degrees. I asked obey the daikin rap about that. I'm gonna be it's a very <hes> sensitivities. Softy really loved to set a lower temperature. Yeah like eighty. Two degrees fahrenheit would seem very very warm. The stunned belene java yeah yeah for some japanese people american a._c. Culture can be surprising using gochi. Saga coochie works tokyo stock exchange and spent three years in new york. He's a busy guy so i had to catch him by phone. During his lunch break at his desk he told when he was freezing and his new york office to our brown gets blankets in the office. Yeah i mean i. I'm totally familiar with that cold air conditioned office. He says that would never happen in japan here. People think it's unhealthy to move between temperature extremes streams. There's a word for a summer cold or flu not sakasi which is thought to be caused by the stress of going from cold to hot air between indoor and outdoor fix. I guess that idea has roots in chinese medicine and you see it play out in all kinds of ways like water is served lukewarm even on the record breaking hot days. We've been having here this summer back. At the water festival. The ground is soaked opt but it's still sweltering the traditional methods. Give some relief just not enough for the world abigail leonard tokyo <music> coming up climate control on a planetary scale indigenous leaders in the amazon basin. Speak out about the wildfires there. I'm marco werman. You're with the world president. Emmanuel macron declared success at this year's g seven summit in south western france with plans for the burning amazon forest digital tax and iran and joint statement with president donald trump. He said the gathering was productive. Adoptive and efficient meanwhile french protesters in a neighboring city carried hundreds of official portraits of the french president turned upside down and sophie vitro. Gio is one of the organizers she says macron is guilty of inaction on climate change with this march our 'em was really to demonstrate that speeches is of our president defend. You'll not are far from the reality in terms of climate change here in france. I think a lot of people will be surprised to hear that because because often macron has been thought of as a leader who's very tough on climate change and bringing action ford. Where has he fallen short. In your opinion they are nice pitches but the solutions sion's on there we do have i would say correct targets for two thousand fifteen but since the paris agreement where signed for years ago all our indicators indicators are on the red marks we don't have enough local measures for turner innovation for development of transportation for instance very recently on <unk> agitation winning accent reduce the aerial transportation. We do need to have more rail transportation. We have solution that exists but the government adamant is never at the local level at national level taking the steps that we that has to be done to reduce our cabin gypsy the mission that are raising up in up in france and so we will never meet our nice objective in two thousand and fifty and so we need now no blah blah no more speech between the actions and the march itself is being called lamarche they portray the the portrait march because of the portraits of president macron that you were carrying while you're demonstrating holding them upside down. Where did this come from. And why are they necessary. We have decided to remove the threat from the town halls because of the legal recourses that had been made by in peace and other organization again french because the government is not doing enough for action to tackle the climate cents so we have this campaign of de coastal in my home so we have been taking more than one hundred and twenty portrait. We are on trial for that. They are more than eighteen trials that are taking place in french and your so called shame mccown. That's like takedown macaroni. You're literally doing it by taking these portraits off the walls they were stolen and you're going to trial for this. Is it worth it. Yes it is we. I think it is because we are demonstrating without violence. The coverage has been very good on sunday for the march or the nine hundred persons whether they're responding to our coal they came with certain empty frames. Yeah police did not entertain and we are capturing the the public attention. Notably president trump was not at that climate change breakout meeting at the g. seven and he's still downplaying the effects of climate change in furnish. Shouldn't you also be carrying hiring upside down trump portraits. Maybe we should if we can get some and so if he g._o. With nonprofit envy cup twenty one that helped organize is the protests in near the g. seven summit this weekend and sophie. Thanks a lot you're welcome. The amazon is still on fire today and the pressure there's growing on brazil's president geijer bolsonaro to take action one thing that did come out of the g seven summit in france world leaders pledged about twenty million dollars for emergency fund to fight the wildfires in brazil. The destruction is having a major impact on the indigenous people of the amazon region. Many indigenous leaders accused bolsonaro of of allowing farmers and ranchers to set the jungle on fire simply to push out indigenous groups well quantum. You'll has bama's orna commanded. Look at project in the southern brazilian cillian state of pot up leaders of the men crack. Nazi people shared a video on social media. That's been getting attention. It shows a gathering of indigenous people in traditional dress. If one of the women steps forward to say here while the world praise for the amazon we're going to resist for the forest for our children and our grandchildren reporters puerto shannon simms has been talking with indigenous leaders in the amazon from her base in rio de janeiro. Today she caught up with sonia guate- java one of the most high profile leaders in brazil. She said something really interesting that part of what makes the fire so damaging and so dangerous is because the environment of the amazon has already been degraded and so the forest that are being set on fire are already in fragments and it's already in the dry season in so you have a force that's already under threat being further threatened by these fires but he made little but essentially we knows man you came body so this is sonia guate- giada shannon. Tell us what she's saying. Yes she's saying that she knows it could be criminal the reason for the fires but she points out later that what she thinks it's also a real problem is the weakening of environmental laws and environmental forcement so she saying that part of the problem is that the environment itself is being degraded and the laws aren't be respected expected so these indigenous groups in brazil and the amazon like sonya's i mean they've been trying to get titles to their land like deeds. What did she tell you. These fires me for for those efforts. This is a struggle this been going on for decades in brazil for indigenous people to gain demarcation of their territory so what that means is essentially that they they are able to say this area from here to here to here to here. This is ours and we are in charge of this land. However sonia says the reality of that is that demarcation by the government means nothing thing unless the government is willing to enforce that though vase as us oh freak the political vehicle so what she's saying here is that the demarcation is not enough. She said that the government could be demarcating. Land that is not the land of the indigenous people believe is there in central territory but just another plot of land that the government is setting <unk> out to satisfy them so the struggle for land ownership clearly bound up also with the question of how to protect the forests of you also met a man name ajello mubarak. Oh moody luca's actually the name of his indigenous group what's his point of view on all this so he's actually in the area that upper top officials area which is a large river basin. That's fed into a river that feeds into the amazon river in so he is right there in the middle of all of these fires that are going on. He says they're fifteen hundred indigenous people in the area and he says they're being greatly impacted by the fires and also by the lack of protection by the federal government and he goes even further to to say that it's white people quote unquote those are his words that are invading the territory of his tribe and that all they want is peace so they can continue their lives. Debrosse goes in for that al qaeda guitar boise nodding your an addition to agilis concern about the federal government. He also has concerns about president fireable bolsonaro. Yeah what he's saying here is that he believes that the way that bolsonaro speaks about indigenous people actually harms the population and he says that he thinks that a a lot of white people have a bias against indigenous people. He says that they look at them funny because they speak their own language and he says that he thinks that that bias has been inflamed by bolsonaro denaro shannon. You also spoke with miguel up a ratio. He's an anthropologist who works in the amazon and he told you how this demarcation of indigenous lands giving indigenous groups titles title to this land. It's actually a tool to keep the amazon standing. Let's hear this what does employ properties on the road as the marquess shannon. What was he telling you though so what he is saying is that the best mechanism to protect the forest is actually demarcating land to indigenous people. He says that demarcated land has the lowest level of deforestation and so when you are giving the lancet indigenous people you're raising the chances that forests will stay standing reporters shannon sims in rio de janeiro on the amazon beat for us today. Thanks very much really appreciate it. Thank you shannon's reporting on how fires on indigenous lands are managed will appear in the atlantic. Take one of our reporting collaborators. You're listening to the world iranian students under financial pressure in the u._s. Each night and recheck the dollar and each morning that we wake up. We have to check a game. All of your plan changed to program. Change your life change when u._s. Sanctions on iran are part of your college college financial planning ahead. You're on the world's marco werman. You're with the world. We're a co production of the b._b._c. World service w. g._b._h. P._r._i. n._p._r. Wrecks the g. seven summit close today in biarritz france with talk about another possible summit a pretty unexpected acted one between president trump and iranian president hassan rubini trump said today he might meet with ronnie in the next few weeks. This is not trump's idea. It's the brainchild of french president emmanuel macron who is hosting the g seven at dong dong the macro told reporters today day that he met on the sidelines of the g seven with a surprise guest iran's foreign minister javad zarif mccraw said he also spoke with president ruhani on the phone and he told oh both ruhani ends arif that he believed a new nuclear deal between iran and the west can be reached the trump administration walk away from the old deal last year macro was oh speaking during a joint news conference with trump who was asked if he'd be willing to meet with iran's president if the circumstances were correct or the right i would certainly agree to that but in the meantime they have to be good players. You understand what that means and they can't do what they were saying. They're going to do because if they do that. They're going to be met with really very violent force with kevin o. choice so i think they're going to be good. I really think they'd like to have to tell you the president's done and an excellent job and we're gonna see how it all turns out. Maybe it works. Maybe it doesn't i say it all the time about everything maybe it works and maybe it doesn't whatever happens next between in washington and tehran. There's one group of people here in the u._s. That's under pressure because of that strained relationship and that's college students from iran travel restrictions make like it hard for iranian students to go home to see family the u._s. Around standoff is also upending their education plans in a financial way because of sanctions the world's barnett annette fidora's has been reporting on this impact on students that essentially means that they sometimes have trouble accessing their money from their bank accounts back home. That's the situation that one student that i talked to hussein. Moghni ran into when he first came into the u._s. It is very difficult. He was a lawyer in iran. He thought coming to the us would be great for his law practice. He wanted to study international trade law. He wanted to learn english. He made careful plans to make sure that he could afford his studies here in the u._s. But once he got here basically the relationship between the two countries started to sour so all of your plan change program change your life change and what exactly is so difficult. I mean can't they open a bank account here in the u._s. He's arabian students sure they can open a bank account here but the problem is transferring that money from iran to the u._s. and this all basically started because last year in two thousand eighteen the u._s. officially pulled out twenty fifteen nuclear deal that iran had with the u._s. and other countries and they impose economic sanctions so that means there there would be penalties for individuals banks and companies and governments who trade with iran and any sort of transaction that happens from the country to other financial institutions outside of it is deemed suspicious. So how many students are we talking about. Who are in this situation are there lots of iranian students in the u._s. The last ask count in the two thousand seventeen eighteen academic year was about twelve thousand iranian students. Historically iran has been one of the top sources of international national students to the u._s. A lot of our in graduate studies and are in engineering tack and the medical field's. They're actually filling some worker shortage especially in the medical fields and they're also lots of tech companies that were started by iranian students so if they can't access their bank accounts back in iran. How are they getting money. It's been pretty difficult. The currency in iran has plummeted because of these sanctions each night we checked the dollar hossain moghni and each morning we wake up we have to check again and it was terrible and essentially lee they're paying maybe five times more than what they had initially budgeted for according to one nonprofit that i talked to the public affairs alliance of iranian-americans americans they've been fielding hundreds of calls from iranian students who a lot of them have asked for scholarships or some kind of financial help so this nonprofit actually actually had to start a scholarship fund where people could apply to. There's also been crowdfunding. A lot of iranian students are crowdfunding for tuition money. The and also i've heard from several students who come up with these work arounds where essentially they would borrow money from iranian americans who are here in the u._s. Maybe maybe they're working already or they're already settled here in the u._s. And they are from those people and in their family members exchanged money back in iran it does seem seem all kinds of unsustainable those so i mean what recourse as soon as our they leaving or going back to iran. It's very hard to pinpoint. There aren't exact numbers on people leaving but we do know that in the last couple of years there have been less students being issued visas from onto the u._s. but i've also talked to who several students who are just afraid now that there's all these tensions and i think that weighs heavier on these runyon students so so i talked with another student who nudge afyon who is getting her post doc right now in carleton college in minnesota and she's done her dissertation and has permits hermits who do work and research on the middle east but you know she kinda voice this frustration we are very worried about anything about our families back back in iran and i see how i i don't even know what to call the sentiments this not knowing what is going to happen ten. That's the most frustrating thing so it's leaving a lot of students pretty isolated and just not sure about what the future holds the wolves burnett fidora's. Thanks very much for being with us talking about this. Thank you if you've never learned to swim. Just imagine how scary it would be as an adult to plunge into the water and try swimming for the first time now picture being stranded for days on end in a dinghy at sea while others around you struggle even perish because they don't know how to swim. That's happening to migrants making the journey and overcrowded boats from north africa to europe and one part of italy. There's now a school trying to teach teenage migrants how to to overcome their fear of the sea the world's orla barry reports. I'm in northeast sicily in messina a port city that surrounded by water. Many locals here depend on the sea to make a living for migrants who survive often traumatic boat journeys to get here. It's virtually impossible to escape. The water is omar from senegal. He's telling me about his boat. Journey from libya to messina china he was on board and inflatable boats that got into trouble on the open sea. Omar ended up being rescued by the humanitarian group s._o._s. mediterranean he he was fifteen his friend. Abraham from guinea tells me and my interpreter about his rescue at sea did everyone survive who was on the bose buddhism he so people drowning and he actually saw dead bodies floating around you. I'm talking to ibrahim and omar at cayo giulio. A nautical school in messina students here learn about maritime low and are trained to work in the maritime industry in two thousand seventeen. It opened did stores too young. Migrants teachers here soon realized there was a problem says principal maria switcher solo which has remained when they were trying to integrate them with the italian students here in school. They realized that they were a bit afraid of going into the because the associated with their correct sorry i'm travel so they tried to find a way to make them socialize with the italian students and <hes> also fight the fear of the seaford them that fear affects a lot of the migrants here maximus ajello a phys ed teacher at the school has become a legal guardian to a teenager from cameroon rune sedillo says the boy left his home at the age of thirteen. How did he get from cameroon to hear what was the journey do mound fu sue walkin from camera to libya and sorry walking walking walking through their desert alone on his own. Yes yes aw two libyan. Then forty five days waiting for the boat capsized not long after toward left libya and a rescue brought him to messina sedillo says the experience has had a profound effect on the teenager. He doesn't speak about this experience. Appearance berry said is is full of clouds. He told us that she will know. What's this experience. We'll be for him will never stops from his home. He would never have left if he knew what this experience would be that <hes> it was very difficult. Korean classes with the migrant students began slowly. The school discovered that not only did many of the teenagers not know how to swim some have barely been to school. Let old principles skill said they try to introduce them gently classes that involved going into the water the western isle of kabul they created a specific acidic curriculum for the migrants so that they could have specific classes for them to get acquainted to water in a playful way and just like the beginning with <hes> immersion classes does and later on swimming classes. It was scary. Learning to swim says ebrahim from kinney after what he had witnessed more me of course i was afraid but thanks wants to the kind advice from some people here at the school was able to slowly defy the this fears and try to swim as the students become more confident the water the school begins to teach them other skills like c._p._r. And later scuba diving the classes had an unexpected outcome which i find out when i ask go mark what he plans to do when he leaves school diploma communism his first goal is to graduate and then and after he wants to find a job and possibly the migrant rescue field. He actually wants to work for ngos like s._o._s. Mediterranean the one that rescued him under his friend like maybe beginning with a lifeguard job here insidious like just connected to rescue and people that seek them to migrants like omar dr have clearly overcome their fear of the water but this year italy began restricting the work of rescue vessels operating off its coast so maybe some time before <music> omar and his friends are able to put their newfound skills to work for the world. I'm more lavori messina sicily. We go now from this world into outer space. Nasa is investigating an american american astronaut who may have committed a crime in space accessing her estranged spouses bank account from the international space station. It definitely raises questions about other legal issues. Che's at arise when humans travel even live in space. Mark sundall is the director of the global space law center at cleveland state university. He says jurisdiction in space is actually pretty straightforward. We have a number of space treaties dating back to the sixties and seventies and those trees are very clear that the state of registry three that is whatever country launches the space object in the registers it done registered in the u._n. Has jurisdiction control over that object and in this case jason. I think we're talking about the american module of the international space station. It's clear that under that treaty the u._s. would have jurisdiction but i think come become the interesting part of this conversation is that it's the beginning of the conversation is a first potential crime remember or presumed innocent until proven guilty. Not these are among their americans finace but it's a first instance of potential crime in space. There will be others. Can you imagine scenarios where this could get complicated like like humans live or are even born in space like what countries would have jurisdiction whose law would be observed jurisdiction will be pretty clear. I think what will be more problematic. Automatic is enforcement of the law imagine a permanent colony on mars or the moon and there's a real crime. Maybe someone rips a hole in someone else's space suit on the surface of mars results in a homicide held the court system operate by skied but then hell penalties be be imposed. Will there be prisons are illegal prisons or will we will evolve into a new more suitable method of dealing with crimes. Those are big questions. <hes> brings back to the present day twenty nineteen. What's something that is already causing tension in space law right now right now. There are a collection of new we call them non traditional space activities the typical use of space which i was familiar with telecommunications remote sensing such as google earth a g._p._s. navigational systems now private companies and governments are doing things that never been done before such as the on on orbit refueling and repair of satellites <hes> mining extraction of natural resources private space stations being positioned both in the moon. Oh around the earth installations on the surface of other celestial bodies all of these things are new and we are developing regulations here in the united states to deal with them domestically to make sure that we comply with our international obligations to continually supervise are nationals in space but also internationally internationally there are very fascinating discussions going on which i'm involved to begin to create a regulatory framework for for instance asteroid marty and the extraction of water and ice on the moon well clearly space law is big enough field already that you run this entire academic center dedicated to it. I mean is the field big. And how busy are you extremely busy. There's a lot of activity and of course with the most recent wave ultra oriole royal activity and the advent reasonable rockets which lowers the barrier to achieving orbit an entire new space-age <hes> has been unleashed and we can only imagine what will happen in the coming years marks on doll the director of the global space law center and a law professor at cleveland state university. Thanks for being with us a pleasure you see plenty of them all through the former coal mining towns and valleys of wales in the west of the u._k. Derelict erlich chapels reminders of the old days when large numbers of locals went to church every week. It's been more than a century since the last big religious revival in the welsh countryside church attendance has dropped way down since the early nineteen hundreds now a retired minister is buying up some of these religious ruins and planning to reopen them as places of worship the b._b._c.'s rory carson reports aw when you think of the welsh valleys immediately think of music like this and many of the small villages and times in years gone by would have had their own voice choir one of the places where people would have come to the thing would have been in the chapels. I'm standing in harris one of those places in the welsh valleys which was a coal mining town and on the street where i'm i'm currently standing. There's a library done at the bottom. There is a post office a newsagents i'm wearing i looked to my left. There's this old grey tabernacle michael chapel these twelve concerts. Maybe say something in welsh sing song missing tremendous in the two chapels these bottle lavine. This chapel was closed. I was going to remain so until reverend. Roberts divy bought it as part of his mission to reopen at least a dozen also them which had previously been laughed to rack and ruin. This one bought last year opens once a week for a coffee morning. Remember remember and the chapel when it was opened got married. You get married here on. What do you remember that day. Was it the best the worst thing then they look down the aisle folks on robert sky who owns the chapel apple decided to give me a tour you notice there's no big organ assisted total one that was because they had this orchestra up in the gallery for many many any years when would that have been first chapel was in the eighteen seventy s and then it was enlarged to the size that you you see today in the eighteen ninety s nine thousand nine hundred four the welsh revival and that meant that places like this were packed. We've got evidence of evan roberts. The missionaries over revival coming here such a crowd that police lease had to be on duty outside to marshal them and so forth. Why did you start buying. I notice lots of chapels closing being being demolished being turned into other uses too standing tablet. I thought wow this is terrible and hear someone ought to do something about pitch at lord's to me well that someone should be you robert nigh yields. It was twelve chapels. Many of them are listed buildings meaning. They can't be developed in this current. One now it's old fashioned but wellman tea and robert is hoping for a revival now we can remain way the b._b._c.'s rory carson. They're reporting from the west of the u._k. Oak island lend barely a speck in the ocean less than a quarter square mile of land off the coast of nova scotia but it's a tourist destination with centuries of treasure hunting history oak island also a nickname hoax island as because no treasure has ever been found their local diver. Tony sampson talked to us from the boat he skippers he gives tours of the island to the tourists who come in from across the globe the treasure hunters naturally head for the money pit where the island's mystery started in seventeen ninety five the world's longest running a treasure hunt and crazy thing is we stood on what we're looking for. Legend hat says three men started digging on oak island and found a stone with a hidden message passage nine thousand feet below ground when they reach the ninety foot stone was believed to say forty feet below lies them two million pounds so whether that was pound pounds sterling a british treasury or pounds white. Nobody knows there's been coins found the last two hundred years this jewelry <hes> there's been artifacts. I think thank <hes> sort of every little boys from my point of view to go out and look for tricia in the hope of finding it historian richard jolt as has been debunking the mystery of of oak island for nearly three decades. He says dreams of finding treasure are not based in reality really okay. The the great survive trevor treasure legend of a lot of treasure legends that were running around the eastern united states and into canada in eighteenth and nineteenth adventure the documentary evidence yesterd- nothing was ever actually built their or buried there but that doesn't dissuade skipper sampson. He'll be on the island looking for treasure until until it is found. I believe that <hes> all through nova scotia here this treasure not just on islands but also in the ocean because ships from those days they didn't have obviously the fancy things we do now as far as g._p._s. and navigational pluses and sounders so i mean this. There's a reason they call this whole area around sable island nova scotia the graveyard of the atlantic and this isn't thousands of shipwrecks out here and and they continue searching even with virtually zero evidence to show for it i get the romance and the lure of a treasure hunt but facts facts facts facts are on my mind not just because that's our job as journalists but because this weekend someone left us who knew so well just how crucial facts are ken bater. Peter was a longtime editor here at the world. He died of cancer on saturday. Ken retired a number of years ago but we still remember him as a man of facts of good writing of principle. His defense of the fundamentals of journalism are still with us and you every day when we put out the show ken betas humor and calm under pressure sure are also part of our d._n._a. We're still very much. Batur is every day thank you. Can we miss you from the bill harris studios videos. I'm marco werman join us again tomorrow. Won't you <music> <hes>. The world is a co production shen of w. g. b. h. Boston the b._b._c. world service p._r._i. And pierre ex.