8 Burst results for "Suwit"
"suwit" Discussed on Harvesting Nature’s Wild Fish and Game Podcast
"He's on that mexican food kick And i cannot do like i i. I love hank. Shaw recipes And but i can't follow like with some of the chipotle peppers and things like that. I'm always having to adjust stuff like that. And and keep my family in mind so and then i can just add stuff on the side. You know extra peppers and spice suwit's so out of out of all the cookbooks that eve browsed which one stands out is like i like this. One the m- My favorite yeah. Yeah we'll sit a field. Ooh nice yes. That is awesome. Yeah jesse gifts. that's my that's my current favourite. One absolutely have you ever have you. Preordered the hog book No and i and i went on that website. there's the one that was advertised on the medium Then i went on there and i I you know it's tag season right now. So all my Available funding is Is waiting to see on tags. But but now. I just got my north dakota l. tag for five dollars. Oh yeah congrats for that. That's all right well. I yes when north dakota so it's a once in a lifetime For your tag and whether you get it or not you get once in a lifetime tag. But a bowl tag in the unit that i applied for and this is this is out by madura like in the badlands were theodore roosevelt hunted elk. And that's where i wanna hunt elk and and we camp out there and i'm and i'm very familiar with the area And i hunt deer and antelope south of this but It's a one percent chance to get a bowl tag and every year you start over like there's not preference points bonus points and when it's when it comes to moose bighorn sheep and elk in north dakota it's resonant only it's you start over every year you know It your it's..
"suwit" Discussed on SuperHero Homies!
"That's the reason i compared to franken. Yeah he's a he's he's homely like his. His mother loves them very much. Having earlier i use the term crooked note. You know like the crook knows that the like almost beak esque form of it you see it a lot in the suwit's and things to An on a few of the panels not many people have that and it starts like middle of his forehead. Exactly goes like almost all the way down to all the way down. Yeah i guess yeah. Plate mill helmet built right. Yeah and you come in and on this early okay. We're watching the movie and that is about the The prosthetics and the make put. Because that's that's mickey rourke it was hanging like that is mickey rourke guys who was playing More of and it's like if i didn't already know that going into the movie i don't know that i would have known it Just watching it off the cuff spot on. Yeah so like the makeup and prosthetics for stephanie. On point but anyway after having the night of his life he says wigs about three hours later and he's shooting up. Oh there's a great yeah. That's the perfect solution. That is right there. No that's right there. it's like franks was. The ugliest is do that art. Is your i needed. Somebody who can believe can do this. Shit he's about did cathy. Head cut a two by four. You can cut it. But he's a very hard man you can tell. He's he's stocky. he's he's big. He's got a a really big build. This guy who can take some hits and give them to. You can tell by looking at him but he realizes that goldies dead complimenting her frame and you know everything. He loves about her He realized that dead and that that was kind of soda. Appreciate it and that is like the lack of reaction. He had to seeing her dad like on the inside. Of course it to her mother that she was dead but hourly even though it was literally just him in the room at this time he never he never showed any sign of freaking out he exist. What happened thought about how could it happen. And then realize he needed to go. And i think that's like a solo character eq- about the type of person dealing with. Yeah.
"suwit" Discussed on Stuff To Blow Your Mind
"Right we're back. You know. Another comparison between the men in black experience tradition and other types of paranormal experiences. People tend to have is experiences that are commonly associated with With sleep related episodes like the shadow people. Yeah this is a. This is an interesting topic. I think I discussed on much older episode of stuff to blow your mind but it seemed appropriate to bring it back up here Basically it all hinges on a two thousand six study. Swiss study that was published in the Journal. Nature about a possible connection between various shadow people experiences and Something actually going on inside the brain. Now what exactly are these shadow? People experiences like so basically. It's the it's it's not so much a full-on men in black zero. I saw a weird man in a black suit standing in You know knocked on my door and we talked and he told me not to tell anyone about flying saucers. Nothing like that. But it's more of a symptom that's been reported for awhile by a psychiatric neurological patients where there is a feeling. There's a sense of a dark figure. Say in the room with you like looming over your bed And in fact. That's there in the men in black traditions onto some of these reports mention that like people who had encounters with them. Sometimes they'd be standing there over their bed. Yeah looming over your like a ring raith right so the researchers in this day then. They made the discovery evaluating a psychologically normal twenty two year old woman for surgical treatment of epilepsy and when they electrically stimulated your brains left temporal parietal junction or PJ. They repeatedly gave She repeatedly had the sensation of the lurking shadow in her presence. Like a shadow man and she's she received this shadow person just behind her interfering with her attempts to read a book when the researchers stimulated her in a seated position she perceived herself to be seated in the entities lap quote he was clasping her in his arms which she described as an unpleasant feeling so essentially was seem to have been taken places. She was observing her own body the whole time but as the J. concerns self processing so other distinction and multi sensory body Integration Info. The electrical stimulation caused her to attribute her own actions to an alien other in a similar distortion. Maybe a work in various other Psychiatric manifestations of alien entities You know anything that involves there being enough some other being in your room be at a an alien a demon a man in black spirit of ferry etc so the the researchers per proposed that electrical stimulation of this area in the patient disturbed multi sensory and and since oh motor integration of information with respect to her body leading to the appearance of a first rank symptom of schizophrenia and a person with no psychiatric history. And it's notable here that the hyperactivity in the temporal parietal cortex of patients with schizophrenia may lead to the MIS attribution of their own actions to other people So we see you know related situation there seems like another. I mean this is a more clinical type of condition but related to the milder version. I talked about earlier. How you know th there appears to be sometimes just contagion between what's going on in one brain subsystem in another brain subsystem at the actions that you see other people do. Maybe you attribute your own thoughts to your imagination of someone else's mind you think they're thinking whatever you're thinking or You you blur the lines between imagination and memory. Absolutely so I don't present this. As is the answer for shadow people experiences or certainly for men in black because there are various reasons that one might hallucinate. Misra member of engage in any of these these situations. We've discussed Oliver Sacks in his book. Loose nations specifically calls out Hypno- pompey hallucinations Whose nations that. We have coming out of sleep He he's describes as a source of malevolent entity perception. So it could certainly be one of the reasons it play but then again to go back to. We were talking about earlier. Something like men in black. It's not just people having having an experience and then reporting it. Also other people interpreting a bits of that experience and people creating things feeding fantasy inside by etc. that gets up becoming a part of other people's Hallucinations and other people's interpretations of eliminations. So you know it's it's not happening in a vacuum yeah interesting. I was reading an article from slate because so I was wondering okay. Do men in black encounters still really happen? Yeah read about them from the Twentieth Century From the nineteen fifties and sixties through the eighties nineties. And I I was like I haven't really encountered a claim of a men in black encounter or experience that That happened in in recent decades. What's going on there so I looked this up and I did find an article. I found an article in slate by Sheherazade from two thousand twelve about whether men in black sightings still happen Because most of the stories you run into tend to be older and so the author in this article asked Ufologist Jerome Clark. Who's mentioned in Roy Suwit's article whether people still report men in black encounters these days. Apparently the reports have quote tapered off significantly in the fifteen years since original men in black movie was released that did it but Clark insists. He does not think that the film had anything to do with that instead he attributed to a lack of investigation into the issue in recent years especially since the passing of the U. Afoul just John Keel. Who apparently catalogued a lot of these experiences? did a lot of this kind of research by research and investigation. We're talking about continually writing about it and keeping the idea live in ufo enthusiasts communities and publications. But I think also like collecting other people's experience. Yeah so on the other hand The British ufologist Nick redfern insists that men in black encounters do still happen as chronicled in his book. The real men in black in two thousand eleven. I don't know if that's trying to cash in on a movie tie in But personally I would say despite what Clark says I would tend to wonder if the movie men in black does have something to do the decline in men in black reports. I think this could be sort of inverse to what often happens where UFO sightings seem correlated with like flying saucers science fiction and elements of these alien encounters sometimes seem to correlate with elements that show up in fiction over time. I wonder if this inverse correlation if it is actually there I mean I don't know but I wonder if this inverse correlation is there if it might have to do with the fact that the men in black movies are comedies like that. Make the idea funny and more than more so than that. Because certainly we've have funny. Ufo and funny alien movies that have come out over the years. He certainly wasn't the case where Earth girls are easy. Killed off the idea of alien abductions but you still have a mix right. You have serious films and scary films in films that clearly are made by people who want to believe whereas the men in black films are really. I it outside of those other those earlier men in black films that I mentioned in the x files episode it in various sprinklings of men in black lower and other a pictures and shows. I can't think of anything that's really served as a counterbalance to the men in black comedy movies you know like if we just had one like deadly serious fire in the sky esque men in black film. That would have done a lot. Perhaps to keep it going boy. What about the Eric Roberts movie? Oh well that was. What ninety seven though. Yeah Yeah so. It came out of the wrong time so you might have had balance initially but then what happened with men in black two came out in three or the in the upcoming. I think the next one is the fourth one. I could be wrong but really. There's a whole. I think I'm asking you for the second time in this episode making another at least four so I only saw the first one of the movies but I remember being gross in that way like especially late. Nineties movies were grows for a time of Like CGI SNOT and slime. A lot of mucus. Am I wrong now? There was a there is a lot of gross stuff in it because the the villain was was a roach like essentially large roach in a human costume wearing a human skin. There are a lot of gross Sight gags involving that character E- I think I did send you a link to where I found the men in black feature film novelization. Oh yeah well I guess they would have been one of those given the timeframe and and the you know the scale of the film man. That's gotTa be like the ultimate movie novelization. I'd would not have imagined could happen and yet it did. You know I would love to hear from anyone out there first of all if you've seen any of these other men in black film nominee not the comedy Sequel Nineteen ninety-seven film or the the earlier film. And you have any insight on them. I'd also hear from anybody who read the original comic books. Like what were they like They are the fans are there are fans of the original men in black comics. And if they are do they how do they feel about the film's I'm always interested? In the whole particular franchise involves like that for that matter. If anyone out there has had experiences with you know with men in black or UFO's you know we would. We would love to hear from me. I'll promise that if you we ride in with your accounts we will not Make Fun of you we will. You know skeptically An enthusiastic approach it as we always do sure. Yeah all right well. That's it for this episode. If you want to check out other episodes of stuff to blow your mind some of the various other Sort of paranormal episodes. We've recorded over the years..
"suwit" Discussed on Stuff To Blow Your Mind
"Right we're back. You know another comparison between the men in black experience, tradition and other types of paranormal experiences. People tend to have. Is Experiences that are commonly associated with with sleep related episodes. Like the shadow people yeah, this is a this is an interesting topic. I think I discussed on much older episode of stuff to blow your mind, but it seemed appropriate to bring it back up here Basically it all hinges on a two thousand six study Swiss study that was published in the Journal, nature, about a possible connection between various shadow people. Experiences and something actually going on inside the brain now. What exactly are these shadow? People experiences like so. Basically, it's the it's. It's not so much. A full-on men in black zero I saw a weird man in a black suit standing in You know knocked on my door and we talked, and he told me not to tell anyone about flying saucers. Nothing like that, but it's more of A. Symptom that's been reported for awhile by a psychiatric in your logical patients. Where there is a feeling, there's a sense of a dark figure. Say in the room with you like looming over your bed. and in fact that's there in the men in black traditions onto some of these reports mention that like people who had encounters with them. Sometimes they'd be standing there over their bed. Yeah, looming over your like a ring raith right. So the researchers in this day, then they made the discovery evaluating a psychologically normal twenty two year, old woman for surgical treatment of epilepsy, and when they electrically stimulated, your brains left temporal parietal junction or t PJ. They repeatedly gave She repeatedly had the sensation of the lurking shadow in her presence like a shadow man. And she's. She received this shadow person just behind her, interfering with her attempts to read a book when the researchers stimulated her in a seated position, she perceived herself to be seated in the entities lap. Quote. He was clasping her in his arms, which she described as an unpleasant feeling, so essentially was seem to have been taken place. She was observing her own body the whole time, but as the J. Concerns, self processing, so other distinction and multi sensory body Integration Info. The electrical stimulation caused her to attribute her own actions to an alien other. In a similar disortion, maybe a work in various other psychiatric. MANIFESTATIONS OF ALIEN ENTITIES! Anything that involves their being enough some other being in your room be at a an alien, a demon, a man in black spirit of ferry, etc, so the the researchers per proposed that electrical stimulation of this area in the patient, disturbed multi sensory, and and since Oh, motor integration of information with respect to her body. Leading to the appearance of a first rank symptom of schizophrenia and a person with no psychiatric history, and it's notable here that the hyperactivity in the temporal parietal cortex of patients with schizophrenia may lead to the MIS attribution of their own actions to other people so we see you know related situation there. Seems like another I mean. This is a more clinical type of condition but Related to the milder version. I talked about earlier. How you know th there appears to be sometimes just contagion between what's going on in one brain subsystem in another brain subsystem. At the actions that you see other people do maybe you attribute your own thoughts to your imagination of someone else's mind. You think they're thinking whatever you're thinking or you. You Blur the lines between imagination and memory. Absolutely so I don't present this as is the answer for Shadow, people, experiences, or certainly for men in black. Because, there are various reasons that one might hallucinate MISRA member of engage in any of these these situations we've discussed. Oliver Sacks in his book. Loose nations specifically calls out. hypno-, pompey hallucinations whose nations that we have coming out of sleep. he he's describes as a source of malevolent entity perception. So it could certainly be one of the reasons it play, but then again. To go back to. We were talking about earlier. Something like men in black. It's not just people having having an experience and then reporting it also other people interpreting a bits of that experience and people, creating things feeding fantasy and sci fi, etc, that gets up becoming a part of other people's Hallucinations and other people's interpretations of Eliminations, so it's not happening in a vacuum. Yeah, interesting I was reading an article. From slate, because so I was wondering okay. Do men in black encounters still really happen? Yeah, read about them from the twentieth. Century from the nineteen fifties and sixties through the eighties and nineties and I I was like I haven't really encountered a claim of a men in black encounter or experience. That that happened in in recent decades. What's going on there so I looked this up and I did find an article found an article in slate by Atia, Harris from two thousand twelve, about whether men in black sightings still happen because most of the stories you run into, tend to be older, and so the author in this article asked ufologist Jerome Clark, who's mentioned in a Roy Suwit's article whether people still report men in black encounters these days. Apparently, the reports have quote tapered off significantly in the fifteen years since original men in black movie was released. That did it. But Clark insists he does not think that the film had anything to do with that. Instead he attributed to a lack of investigation into the issue in recent years, especially since the passing of the ufologist John a Keel, who apparently catalogued a lot of these experiences did a lot of this kind of research by research and investigation. We're talking about continually writing about it and keeping the idea live in UFO. ENTHUSIASTS, communities and publications, but I think also like collecting other people's experience. Yeah. So on the other hand the British ufologist Nick. redfern insists that men in black encounters do still happen as chronicled in his book, the real men in black in two thousand eleven I don't know if that's trying to cash in on a movie tie in but personally I would say despite what Clark says I would tend to wonder if the movie men in black have something to do.
"suwit" Discussed on WTMJ 620
"In his front foyer. I think who was not good bed thing when trees go down, even worse when they hit things on the way to gravity or to ground. So that's good in the ground Suwit guessing, a lot of these trees, maybe have your roots that. Don't go very deep. There's nothing to hold them in. All right. Over the go. But yeah got weird yesterday. It's going to get up to eighty on Thursday. That is also game five bucks remers hall. It's going to be nuts, eighty degrees, and he can wear your cool. Lots you can. This giving the first time we're going to be hitting eighty degrees around here since October ninth when it got up to eighty four, that's a long while and going through those months, the rest of October November, December January February March April going through, they're looking for an eighty whole lot of seventies either. I was gonna say or even fifties can't I mean April that worry March I it was just awful. On number November two. And usually at least you get a little blip Belichick in their knows all forties. Fifties awful thirty sometimes so yeah. People are just gonna flip their you know what confers when we get up to eighty degrees. Celebrate have fun. Maybe the bucks. Bring it on home to eight fourteen at WTMJ Burs, three, sixty with Trudel sentinels time hundred court next WTMJ I put off replacing my old inefficient windows for years. It can be tricky hiring contractors using the best windows and getting them properly installed I wanted to job done fast. And I wanted it done right. So I called the.
"suwit" Discussed on KSFO-AM
"Was saying nice. You know, I've not for visitors. Having a nice day, and I've been there, and he's going to an exhibition of nice sculptures in department of the ocean has been great infants of marketing, but never a way to resolve the problem of the Rick. Because one of the juicy when just look at these days that assist their full of algae. And this is for decision. They shouldn't be there. When it we realize this habit that we if fable or they'll Danny growth in the treatment of the unit production. So we changed it. The system is set to accommodate the look of biomass organic carbon. And then the community also changes the opportunity species have taking over the plays in the northern power Bill. This state income full wool the situation in these cigarettes at this terrible and also just septic already some effects indigo community in the seventy s the place is paradise or say, beautiful beautiful magnificent place. The amount of Christopher offer is huge is too high and was not balanced with adequate control. All of Suwit's and all these products of facility and Patel's, and there's no Terry Fiszman for this. So they say huge participation of the ocean. And then they they level of environmental deterioration is serious. Economical pressure is huge. The level of investment and of the interest economic interest here is huge. So he's very difficult for any country. Also for Mexico. To defend their, you know, not real environmental from displeasure that.
"suwit" Discussed on WJR 760
"Mccone county public works Commissioner, Candace Miller and congresswoman Debbie Dingle. Welcome back to their Frank Beckmann show. And as we said in the intro, I'm Candace Miller, and Debbie Dingle. We are sitting in for Frank. We're delighted to do. So we've had a great lineup so far gonna continue here with with the guest who's a longtime friend of mine. He's Jim weekly who's the president of lake carriers association. And this is our our freighter friends. Good morning, Jim. Thanks for joining us. Just by way of intro. Jim was twenty three years in the coastguard retired as a commander. He went to the academy. They represent a association represents thirteen different companies that all operate on the Great Lakes here and freighters are such a critical. Component of our whole economy economics, not just for the Great Lakes basin. But throughout this region the nation as well, everything that you carry there. But I thought I'd start off. Because I I heard the president last night talking about his commitment to to rebuilding is such a necessary thing up at the c locks there. And I know he just opened the Soo locks open it for the season. So this is an issue that has been near and dear to your heart and your association and everybody involved in Great Lakes shipping. So Jim, maybe we could just start by talking about that issue. Yes, ma'am. I'm very excited. In fact, I would say for the first time in my career. I believe that the replacement lock at the C. We'll be built as many of your listeners know it was authorized in nineteen eighty six and every nineteen years has been a new lock built there. There hasn't been a new one built there since sixty eight sixty nine so it's time. There was a fantastic report written by the department of homeland security talking about how critical it is eleven million Americans would be unemployed without that lock. And given the president and the administration credit. He's committed also though, I should say, you know, it really took congressional intervention to force the core to re look at some a flawed study. They did. And that was a key point. So I, you know, yourself you're involved when you were in congress. Carl Levin was key. Dan vanished. Jack was a contract at the time. But the bottom line is I believe for the first time we're going to have a new locker to sue. Well, in you know, that was a very bipartisan issue, I would say that this delegation, even working with governor Snyder and his two terms of office worked very hard to get this investment done. It's good news. And it was good to hear him go to the president go to Grand Rapids and talk about that s night too. But you know, I want to I grew up in Saint Clair. I used to watch the freighters I keep track of who went by each day. I could talk to them so many people we love the freighters and the freighter watching seasons beginning in earnest, I might also say that my favorite thing was that inner tube and getting in the wake of the freighter. They did today. But it is still my if I wanna relax I would love to do any given day, you'll find people at Belle isle. All along the Detroit river port Huron, Saint Clair marine city all the way down going back. Tell us some of what might be new for two thousand nineteen that people might see as they're watching the freighters go back. Well, I should give a shot up to my good friends. We finally call them and they call themselves the boat nerds. They really are some of the boat nerds understand and know the history of our industry better than I do and God bless him for it. And we appreciate their support and their interest. So I guess some of the new things for the season. We're we're actually kind of off to a late start because of the ice. You're not seeing it in your neck of the woods, but up at the Suwit's it's pretty rough. So that's been a delay. You know, a lot of the changes, you're not gonna see because their internal to the ships. We've had some, you know, reengineering work. A lot of our ships are carrying exhaust gas scrubbers to clean up the emissions and get them in compliance with some new regulations that are coming into into into play. We as a rule spend about sixty to one hundred million dollars a year and winter maintenance this year, we're in the seventy million dollar range. It's usually more if there's an engine overhaul. So you know, there's the ship. Some of them are going to be sporting new paint. Jobs, but other than that, you know, I it steady as she goes. But lots opportunities for good freighter watching. Yeah, you know, Jim, I appreciate you talking about sort of retrofitting all of your fleet there for emission controls and other kinds of things I think it's important to note, how environmentally sensitive your fleet is. And in your member ships really are because I know you, and I have worked, for instance, a lot and congresswoman Dingle as well. And everybody about invasive species and always pointed out to people, you know, the thing that brings the invasive species into the basin is the salty so the ocean freighters, but the Great Lakes freighters. I mean, you might move them from one side of the state to the other. But you're you really you don't bring in invasive species. And so I think I think it's important to note of what a great environmental conscience the industry does have. Yes, ma'am effect. I always like to point out. You know, we live here. You know, a lot of our sailors are great, hunters and great fishermen. So you know, we care not just about the environment. But specifically the Great Lakes environment. We you know, we drink it. We recreate in it and you're exactly right. We've been on the forefront of calling for you know, prevention prevention prevention is the answer to invasive species once they get in the Great Lakes or sixty four different vectors that USGS tracks that can move them around. Once it gets in. It's a challenge. One of our ships from an environmental perspective can move the same amount of cargo is about three thousand trucks about seven hundred railcars. So you know, we can move a ton of cargo the six hundred miles from Duluth to the Detroit area on a single gallon of fuel. Cool. So if you could use that efficiency in a truck you could literally power dump truck with a five horsepower outboard or five horse power lawnmower engine. That's how efficient it is to move something that's floating on the water as it is to roll it on a land-based mode of transportation. Well, Jim, I could talk to you forever because talking to you is a memory of my childhood, and I love the freighters, but to time on this show Shogo so quickly. So I hope I get to see you over this summer, and I'll be both candidates, and I will be watching the freighters, and we thank you for being on the show this morning. And I'm glad spring is here and summer around the corner. And I hope it's a good season in Jim. I wanna thank you as well. And just for our listeners as we've mentioned earlier, I sit on the Great Lakes commission, and Jim is also a member of the Great Lakes commission. So Jim I'll see at our next annual meeting. I think it's. An Arbor pretty it's coming up. I know it's on my schedule. But anyway. Appreciate your participation in that as well. And thanks so much for joining us. Yes, ma'am. Thank you both ladies. And if I may give a quick shot out to Carswell dingo and thank her for being willing to serve as one of the new co chairs for the Great Lakes congressional task force. That's a really important role in and we appreciate your service. I'm excited about it and Candice now we're together. And if you guys vite me, I'll come be a listener at your next commission meeting. Oh, that'd be great. We'd love to have you. But now it's time for a KOMO. Let's say you just bought a house bad news is your one step closer to becoming your parents. You'll probably multiple ask if anybody noticed you mowed the lawn. Tell people to stay off the lawn compare it to your neighbor's lawn and complained about having multiple on again..
"suwit" Discussed on Democracy Now! Audio
"I spend it from my block at them. Mitigated city code is lacking load any minute this rock and roll back. Roll leave in just dance that not read them. Predicament. I'm born and bred in ten minutes. What? My heard when you within the music in the move. Chains across the faith reads free when the street name hoops, wait a minute streets have no name and the drain of Suwit's new how to hate. It Bruin come Comey. Tuck fin the penis. So what difference does it make entertain through it some mixing sniff, and she got a gun, but could have been the model or physician. Which reminds me? Amalia by Qena. This is democracy. Now democracy now dot org. The Warren peace report, I mean me Goodman with Juan Gonzalez how to hide an empire whose three of the greater United States. That's the title of stunning. New book looking at a part of the US is often overlooked the nation's overseas. Territories from point though, he co two waamp former territories like, the Philippines, and it's hundreds of military bases. Scattered across the globe historian Daniel, Emma, var- rights and his new book at various times. The inhabitants of the US empire have been shot shelled starved intern dispossessed tortured and experimented on what they haven't been. Vying large is seeing he writes Daniel for is associate professor of history at Northwestern University in Chicago, he joins us from Chicago. Welcome to democracy. Now. It's great to have you with us. Why don't you start with the title how to hide an empire? How do you do it? And. What history of the greater United States means? Yeah. So when a lot of people think about the United States people who live in the US mainland people outside of the United States. They think of the contiguous blob, that's a familiar shape. But of course, those aren't the borders of the country, and actually they've only been the borders of the country for three years of US history. So what I tried to do is write a history of the greater United States of the full area over which the United States claims jurisdiction. But what I found is. I was reading that was how frequently people on the mainland and often political leaders had an inaccurate view of their own country's borders, or at least had a very clear sense that the contiguous part of the United States, the states was the part that mattered and the territories we're sort of peripheral often regarded in or not fully understood and left to dwindle as sacrifice owns or places that could be used for medical experiments, and that sort of thing. So my goal is to try to tell you history with all the territories part of the story. Well, professor MFL one of the things that you raise. Really the question of the the creation of empire did not really begin. When it's most histories talk about it with the Spanish American more eighteen ninety eight but you go earlier into the colonization across the west, really. And you note that the constitution doesn't have a whole lot to say about what happens to territories that are not states except for the territorial clause. But that the northwest ordinance played a big role in shaping. How do you netted states would expand? Could you talk about that? Yes. Sure. So the name of the country from the get-go was the United States of America. But from the first day of the country's history from the first day when the United States received its independence from Britain. It wasn't a union of states. It was an amalgamation of states and territories there wasn't a lot of guidance in the constitution about what was to be done with. Territories. But ultimately, they're under the power of congress northwest ordinance, set a pattern whereby. Territories could be upgraded to states, but two things notable about that pattern. First of all in order to be upgraded to states, according to the northwest ordinance. They had to be populated by white people. So the idea was that non white populations within them wouldn't really count. And it wasn't until the territory speed were sufficiently populated by white people that they would be accepted estates. The other really important thing to realize is that's just a guidance. Congress can do whatever it wants. And it has done whatever it wanted has held. Territories back from statehood, often for decades, Oklahoma took more than a century before it became a state, and it is promoted others statehood quickly, usually just as a wave sort of creating the borders of the country of deciding who's in and who's out, and you mentioned Oklahoma. There was an attempt are in the early nineteen hundreds to create a state called sequoia parts of what is now. Oklahoma talk about that. And the reason why that never happened. That's right. So Oklahoma used to be called Indian country or. Territory that was its legal name on and that territory used to be enormous forty six percent of the country when it was initially established. And then it was fairly quickly whittled down into the borders of present Ahah Homa and right at the end of this process sort of compressed, you know, group of of various Indian polities, try to create a state out of what was then eastern Oklahoma and called sequoia, it wouldn't be an all Indian state or all native American state, it would be mixed. But their hope was that at least they'd have sufficient population to have a governing majority within it. They applied for statehood. They rejected for statehood. And instead sequoia was absorbed into the white majority state of Oklahoma, professor of our talk about why you begin with the bombing of Pearl Harbor and take us through what are now called well various things, but territories what we're called colonies and the language changed but start with Pearl Harbor. Yeah. It's such an extraordinary moment because it's one of the most familiar moments in US history. And when most people of the United States think about Pearl Harbor what they think about is Japan attacked the United States and attacked it by bombing Pearl Harbor, and that drew the United States into the war. And that was the only time that the United States was directly attacked in the war. But of course, what actually happened is. It wasn't just Hawaii that Japan was attacking Japan was launching attack on the United States is Pacific. Territories as well. As Britain's Pacific territories in Thailand, so near-simultaneous attack. This all happened within hours Japanese attacked, the Philippines, Guam wake island and Hawaii and the attack on the Philippines. Militarily was just as bad as the attack on Hawaii. And for that reason, it was unclear to reporters initially how to say what happens if you look at the early newspapers that, you know, some them say the Japanese attack. Philippines. Guam others say Japanese attacked the Philippines in Hawaii that notion that the Philippines in Hawaii were really important targets to emphasize. That's how it appears Eleanor Roosevelt's for speech. That's how it appears in a draft of the pro harbor speech that FDR's undersecretary of state route. And that's how it appeared enough to yards own first draft of the speech emphasizing both targets, but what's amazing is that you can see FDR going thinking through that thinking for the implications of trying to explain to the country that the Philippines have been attacked, and this was caused for the United States to go to war. And it seems to me that he's quite clearly uncomfortable with that implication worrying whether an attack on the Philippines, really count as a cause for war in the United States. And we have a lot of opinion polls from the time which adjusts that most people who are living in the US mainland. Didn't wanna see the US military come to the defense of the far western territories of the United States, like the Philippines Guam. So what if the are did is to? Things. First of all crossed out prominent references to the Philippines, and just focus it on Hawaii who I was also territory not a state, but it had significantly larger white population, and it was closer to the mainland. And then even then it seems like he felt a little nervous that about whether Hawaii would count as the United States for the purposes of rallying the nation to war and indeed opinion policy just that only fifty five percent of the country thought, the US military should defend the territory of Hawaii in the case of war. So he inserted the word American in his descriptors. So it's not just the Japanese bomb as it initially said in his speech the island of y who but that bomb the American island of a who. So you can see what he's doing is trying to round Hawaii up to American in the Philippines. Guam kind of guards his too far gone and just takes them out from prominent references of the speech tux, the back, and I think it has a lot to do with. Why a lot of people in the United States today. Don't realize. Is that that attack was not just on Hawaii alone? And it's a real pity that they don't realize it because the attack on Pearl Harbor was just that it was an attack the Japanese never came back. It was militarily damaging, but it didn't result in Hawaii being invaded. That's not true of the Philippines, Guam awake island all of which were attacked of which were conquered populations. We're interns, the occupation of the Philippines, by Japan was an absolutely brutal affair, the occupation. And the subsequent US reconquest of the Philippines. We think killed, you know, maybe a million a half people as best we can tell which is two times the number of people who died in the civil war. That's the bloodiest event that ever happened on US soil, and that's barely in the US history. Textbooks and fell paints became independent in nineteen forty six from the United States, people might Gus right to know. It's so recent. Yeah, I found that I would talk to people with PHD's in US. And I would just say if they didn't study the colonies, I'd say, you know, do you know, what the largest colony that the United States has held and what decade it became independent? And I got a lot of people who were scratching their heads. Because it's not usually emphasize when we talk about US history. We often talk about US empire in a sort of broader and more diffuse cents. But surprisingly a lot of US Estonians. Don't have a lot of knowledge about the actual colonies themselves. Well, in terms of the the independence of the Philippines in nineteen forty six. This whole issue of which territories became states versus which were held as territories or became independent really pivoted around than you mentioned it in your book, a group of supreme court decisions that are rarely studied these days. The insular cases in the early nineteen hundreds that determined which were incorporated versus unincorporated. Territories. Could you talk about that significance of those decisions for the? The justifying an American empire. Yeah. So after the United States in a sort of imperial shopping spree acquired a number of large populated colonies to Philippines, Puerto Rico, Hawaii Guam. The supreme court had to figure out where these places stood within the fabric of the nation their part of the United States. But does that mean Filipinos can vote for the president does that mean, they're covered by the constitution? It wasn't clear. And there were a lot of arguments about it. So supreme court alternately came down with this that the constitution applies to the United States. It's the law of the lands, but some of the territories, namely, the ones that have been acquired from Spain, so Puerto Rico, Guam Philippines, and this would also extend to American someo and later to the US Virgin Islands and other places that those were not part of the lands. So the constitution applies to land. But these are not part of the United States in a constitutional sense, and therefore they're possessed by the United States. They're the United States in compasses them within its borders. But it's constitution doesn't fully stent to them. Some of the territories Hawaii Alaska which had large. White settler populations who are deemed to be incorporated. Meaning that on the constitution would extend to them. And that seemed to make them more eligible for statehood. But even in those cases, it wasn't entirely clear in the early part of the twentieth century that Hawaii or Alaska would ever become states. And in fact, there was a lot of racist resistance in the US mainland. The notion that people from Hawaii might get to vote on federal laws. In your show, tune apps of the United States, one of just the mainland United States, the other a with all of the territories included the captions read, they told you it was this. But it's this and explain the significance of this. And how this fits into the math of US military bases around the world. The US has what something like around eight hundred overseas military bases by comparison. Russia has nine most countries. Have none. That's right. So I found that in writing this book. Well, first of all I had to learn how to make maps because I wanted to see the United States differently than I'd been added presented to me. I grew up in Pennsylvania at no point in my education. Did I see a map of the United States that had Puerto Rico on it Puerto Rico has been part of the United States since eighteen ninety nine. And so I wanted to just try to imagine the country differently to see differently to map it differently. And so I did one thing I did was an equal area projection showing all the territory of the United States. And what's remarkable this map was from nineteen forty? What's remarkable is how much just physical landmass of the United States? Was that that point in overseas? Territories Alaska, Hawaii, the Philippines, and you can do. A similarly surprising map today. The parts of the United States that are not states. Don't take up as much land area today, but the United States controls. Hundreds of specks of land on islands in foreign countries. And it's really easy. Not to think about that. If you take all that land, and you mash it all together, it probably adds up to less than the area of Connecticut. It's not a lot of space, but boys that land area important both for the US military and also for all the countries and people live right around that land and have to deal with outposts of the United States that are peppered throughout the world. Avar we're going to break then come back to this discussion professor in Avar teaches history at Northwestern University. His new book how to hide an empire history of the greater United States back with him in a minute.