9 Burst results for "Surat family"
"surat family" Discussed on Encyclopedia Womannica
"Hello from wonder media network. I'm jenny kaplan and this is encyclopedia will manteca if you're just tuning in welcome every weekday were sharing the story of a woman from history who you may or may not know about but definitely should each month has been and for august. We're talking about villainous today. Let's head back to the civil war. Era united states are villainous was convicted of taking part in the conspiracy to assassinate president abraham lincoln. Let's talk about mary. Surat mary elizabeth jenkins born in waterloo maryland in eighteen twenty three. We don't know a whole lot about her early life but we do know that she was more highly educated many of her peers at the time that's because when mary was twelve years old her mom took her across the river to alexandria virginia to attend the catholic school when mary was seventeen she married john harrison sarah a landowner. Some sources described john as a sort of sketchy character. He was a heavy drinker and eventually found himself in significant debt. The couple moved to a mill near oxen hill maryland and had three kids two sons and a daughter in eighteen fifty two john purchased a big chunk of land and prince george's county and immediately started developing the property the two-storey who story structure that he developed became both a tavern and the surat family home. It was a central hub for the community and in eighteen fifty four the maryland maryland general assembly made its importance official it named the area surat's bill created new election district and chose the surat hotel was the polling station station the surat how serve locals of all sorts farmers politicians doctors and lawyers people went there to chat about politics and the growing tensions sends leading up to the civil war for awhile business was booming mary and john we're able to send all three of their kids to boarding school but john's drinking got worse and his debts grew in april eighteen sixty one the civil war began. Mary and her husband were confederate. Sympathizers and both of their sons worked for the southern forces the following year an eighteen sixty two john iraq collapsed and died their eldest eldest son. John junior returned to take over the family business and it was during his tenure that the tavern became a haven for confederates and confederate sympathizers in eighteen sixty four. Mary lease the tavern and hotel to surat spell local. John lloyd and moved to d._c. Where she turned town how she owned into a working boardinghouse mary's boarding house became the base for planning a conspiracy that would kill the u._s. President her our son john junior had taken up association with fellow confederate and well known actor. John wilkes booth the two along with a small group of additional conspirators made plans to assassinate president abraham lincoln and other members of his cabinet. John wilkes this booth shot. President abraham lincoln on april fourteenth eighteen sixty five just a few hours later police showed up at mary surat's boarding house looking for booth and i'm mary son john junior after booths assassination attempt succeeded. He further relied on mary's property. He tried to escape via the tavern in surat hot spell. Some sources say that mary helped supply booth with arms as he attempted his escape. She hit delivered a package for the conspirators to tavern mm proprietor. John lloyd early on the day of the assassination suggesting that booth stopover during his escape was premeditated by eleven thirty a._p._m. John wilkes booth run food with david herold and after picking up rifles in a bottle of whisky at a country inn owned by mary surat they headed south. John lloyd's part in the matter did marian. She was arrested along with about five others in connection to lincoln sauce initiative. Mary was charged with the betting being aiding counseling and harboring the other defendants. Her trial took place on may twelfth eighteen sixty five in front of a military commission. Mary said she was innocent. But witnesses disagreed john lloyd served as a witness for the prosecution he testified that mary had asked him to collect the noculars and guns prepared for john wilkes booth and another accomplice on the evening of the crime witnesses for the defense attempted to use the fact that mary was a deeply religious woman and described her as gentle on may twelfth eight defendants stood trial for the murder of abraham lincoln mussa wrought received a death sentence members of the military commission actually recommended that the president changed mary sentence from death to life life in prison but it didn't happen. Some accounts say he never got the message. The choice of military court over civilian court for mary's trial is still debated today a supreme court decision a year later may have invalidated the entire proceedings in fact. Mary son was not hanged when he was tried a oh. You're so later in civilian court. Mary surat exact role in the lincoln. Assassination isn't clear and the verdict is still debated by scholars to this day you tune in tomorrow for the story of our final villainous this month special special thanks to liz caplan my favorite sister and co-creator talk to you tomorrow <music> before we go a few words about another podcast. You might need a little creative inspiration checkout just at the beginning kickstarter podcast about how independent creators bring their ideas to light meet an artist touring the u._s. In a mobile tattoo shop for women a designer turning discarded plastic water bottles into chic. I losses and the creator of a new kind of dating app one inspired by personal ads in vintage lesbian coroda. Listen to the entire first season of just the beginning on apple podcasts spotify or wherever you find your favorite shows and be sure to subscribe subscribe to catch new episodes.
"surat family" Discussed on Female Criminals
"Dark. Will track the conspirators in the aftermath of the Lincoln assassination right after this. I never used to think about my children. I just swipe and go. Did you ever worry about the ingredients you were using and how it might affect your body for a long time? I didn't. That's when I realized I needed a safer alternative. I wanna tell you about the aluminum, free deodorant that changed the game for me Copari I like, oh, pari because it doesn't plug up your sweat glands and cover up odor like other brands. Xactly Copari fights odor with plant based actives like sage oil and coconut oil. Plus it's also free of silicone sulfates parabens GMO's and baking soda. So it's great for sensitive skin and Copari deodorant doesn't leave behind a sticky white residue. Just the sweet subtle scent of fresh coconut milk Kapar offers a money back guarantee. So there's no reason not to try it. Go to co, pari beauty dot com. 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The newest podcast from par cast tells electrifying crime stories, culminating in intense life or death negotiations don't wait subscribe to hostage. Now wherever you listen to podcasts. Now back to the story. Lincoln was still alive barely though half a dozen surgeons and doctors were brought to help him. It was clear almost from the onset that the president would die. The bullet was simply too deep to remove or so said the physicians by his side Lincoln probably would've lived after John Wilkes booth bullets slammed into his head, but the Keri got immediately after the shooting was deadly. That's according to professor of surgery. Dr. Richard Frazier, writing in the March issue of American heritage magazine Frazier said, the bulletin Lincoln's brain probably would not have killed him, but a young doctor who treated Lincoln in a house opposite Ford's theatre should never have gone fishing for the slug with his finger that action by Dr Charles Leo probably opened a blood vessel and expedited Lincoln's death in a certain way. The fact that the president was still alive and so many had gathered to help him aided booth in his getaway amidst the confusion and panic in just. For half an hour booth made his way to the navy yard bridge where he crossed into Maryland. Even though the bridge was off limits to civilians after nine PM. For some reason, the guard let him through the guard would also let David Herold cross an hour later booth and Herold made their way to marry Surat's tavern in Surat spill where they collected the guns and Benach Yalies Mary had stored there for them. They needed to move quickly to escape to the south. But by this point, boots, broken leg was killing him. He had ridden fifteen miles on it. There was only one place they could turn for help. Doctor Samuel Mudd. The man who had introduced John Wilkes booth to John. Sarah, junior in the first place lived nearby. They banged on his door and the doctor made quick work of splitting his leg and making crutches for him. But they were losing precious time in Washington DC. The police were already on the hunt for those who had killed the president and attacked secretary of state. Seward and they already knew where to start looking at two AM on April fifteenth. Eighteen sixty five police arrived to search Mary ceramics boarding house. There are thousand theories as to why her house was targeted. I, but the simple explanation seems to be that booth had committed the crime in the theater district in area where he and John junior were both well known. I witnesses told police that the men were often seen together. They're on top of that. The federal government and the police already had files on John junior for disloyalty. So it would have been a logical place to start. In either case, the police were simply there to follow the lead about John junior and question Mary about his whereabouts. She told them that John junior had been in Canada for the past two weeks. She casually withheld the fact that she had spoken with booth and left a package with his name on it at her tavern in Surat spill only the day before since it doesn't seem that. Mary and booth had met anywhere other than the boarding house that were no eyewitness reports connecting the two. So the police initially believed her story or at least they realized there wasn't enough evidence to accuse her of participating in the crime. Then at seven, twenty two AM on April fifteenth. Eighteen sixty five. Lincoln took his final breath ushering the north and America's allies across the world into a period of mourning. Just two and a half hours later. Andrew Johnson was sworn in as president of the United States. The men hunt for John Wilkes booth lasted twelve days. He earned a one hundred thousand dollar price on his head, and finally died in a firefight with the New York cavalry on April twenty-sixth. But Mary Surat's tale of woe was a much more protracted affair on April seventeenth eighteen sixty five. One of Mary's DC neighbors revealed to thorns that booth and his associates had. Visited Mary on the night of Lincoln's assassination, federal soldiers surrounded Mary's boarding house and began a thorough search. They found weapons and bullet molds and also pictures of booth and confederate president Jefferson Davis hidden behind family photographs. These things alone, however, were only circumstantial at that time buying a gun was as easy as buying eggs from the market booth was a known friend of John junior as well as popular celebrity. So it wasn't altogether that unusual for the Surat family to have a picture of him and being a confederate sympathizer was not now that the war was over a punishable offense. But then the police lucked into the discovery of a lifetime as they were arresting Mary and escorting her out of her boardinghouse a familiar face appeared at her door. The man wore a hat and facial hair to hide his face. But underneath the disguise was a man. Mary had seen dozens of times before. Lewis Powell, the co-conspirator who had attacked secretary of State, William h Seward as he lay in his bed. Police asked the man who was Powell replied that he was just a laborer hired to help the widow Surat with something in her home, a few feet away. Another police officer asked Mary if she knew the man at her door and she replied that she didn't, they're mismatched answers, prompted the officer to arrest Powell as well. This discrepancy would later be used against Mary in court to prove that she knew about and collaborated in the assassination plot when news of Lincoln's death and Mary's arrest reached l. Myra New York where John junior Surat was working as a confederate corier. He dropped everything and fled to Montreal. That's right. Mary's beloved son, the men who had introduced her to John Wilkes booth in the first place benched nearly without a trace leaving his mother to stand trial. Alone. He would later flee to the United Kingdom then to Rome, and finally to Egypt before he was successfully arrested two years later in eighteen sixty seven and return to the United States, but he would never see any time in prison for his part in the conspiracy against Lincoln Joan junior, waited until the statute of limitations against the Lincoln co-conspirators had lapsed before he talked about his part in the plot to kidnap Lincoln, even though he'd been away at the time of the assassination, his association in the kidnapping plot legally made him guilty in Lincoln's murder as well. Many historians believe that had John junior given himself up Mary Surat's punishment may have been severely reduced if not eliminated entirely. Instead Mary, Sarah and Samuel Mudd. The doctor who helped booth while he was trying to flee south were held in a private wing of old capitol prison where the supreme court is located in modern times. The other co conspirators were held on the ironclad ships, the Montauk and the Saugus. We're not sure why Marian Samuel Mudd were held in a different place from the others it could have to do with the lack of evidence of their active participation in the plot against Lincoln shortly after her forty second birthday in may of eighteen sixty five. Mary was transferred to the Washington arsenal. Her treatment while imprisoned suggests that at the time, the judicial system simply wasn't sure what to do with the female prisoner attached to such a violent and important crime. Her sill was larger than her co-conspirators and she was not handcuffed as they were, but there was debate about whether they should bind her head inside a padded canvas sack like the other prisoners to prevent her from attempting suicide. When she began her period, she was given a rocking chair and allowed to visit with twenty two year old daughter, Anna, but no medication to help her deal with the pain. The press were particularly Br. Title on Mary pictures were posted in the newspapers, criticizing her small mouth and dark eyes, which journalists concluded clearly proved. She was a criminal, the study of facial features, particularly as it relates to character. And morality is called physiognomy, a pseudoscience which sociologists biologists, psychologists and computer analysts have been struggling to prove and disprove for the past one hundred fifty years. However, the actual practice of physique Nemi finds its roots all the way back in ancient Greece. Aristotle adamantly believed that a person's moral character could be determined by studying their outward appearance in the early and mid eighteen hundreds the practice reached its peak of popularity. In the western world as physiognomy was used to abuse or prove the innocence of accused people in Victorian England and the United States. Mary was lambasted in the press for her appearance since so little of her story or history was known before her involvement. In the assassination plot against Lincoln many nineteenth century journalists had condemned her before evidence had even been brought against her in a court of law, speaking of court of law that galaxy of the actual circumstances of her trial are still widely debated today, particularly because the decision was made to try all eight people arrested in association with Lincoln's assassination by military tribunal instead. Of a civil court. This essentially meant that instead of being tried by a jury of their peers, they would be judged by military personnel who were acting both as judge and jury. The tribunal that would decide the fate of Mary Surat and the other men accused of conspiracy was made up of nine army officers who were legally allowed to dictate their own procedures for how the trial would be handled. Historian Edward steers junior believes the procedures were generally comparable to what the defendants would face in civil court. The major difference however is that unlike in a civil trial guilt only required a two-thirds majority, not a unanimous vote. The trial began on may ninth eighteen sixty five less than a month after the assassination, Mary Surat Lewis Powell, David Herold and George at Surat were charged in relation to the actual assassination plot against Lincoln while for others were charged association. Into the conspiracy. All eight suspects were tried together, but Mary, Sarah received small special treatments as the sole female defendant. While the other defendants were handcuffed throughout the trial, she was not. She also sat apart from the other defendants and was allowed to carry a fan and veiled bonnet to hide herself from view. But that's where the niceties ended. She was charged with aiding abetting counselling, harboring, and concealing, John Wilkes booth, and the other seven conspirators. She pled not guilty as did all of the other defendants. After this break will return to the trial of Mary Surat. Semi? Do you find it hard to find the right hair products used to? In fact, I had a shelf of half empty hair products because nothing I tried lived up to its promise, then I found living proof. What do you like so much about living proof? The main thing I like is that it works there award-winning dry shampoo actually cleans my hair. Unlike other brands that just masked oils and odors. I also use their no frizz, leaving conditioner and their flex hairspray, and they keep my hair looking healthy and stylish living proof is delivering results that you can see from across the room. Living proof is different from other brands because they approach the toughest beauty challenges with technology from MIT scientists. 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"surat family" Discussed on Female Criminals
"Then we'll take a closer look at Mary's plans after a quick break. Now back to the story by eighteen sixty four forty one year old, Mary, Sarah's family had been brought to the brink of financial ruin by her late husband's bad debts, the loss of John junior's position as postmaster and the civil war which sought to end the free slave labor. They depended on for their business and livelihood as the bloody civil war raged across swabs of the American east. Lincoln was also busy with his reelection campaign in eighteen sixty four, many on both sides of the Mason. Dixon line thought that the sheer brutality of the war would sway many voters to turn away from ABRAHAM LINCOLN that year. But the combined effect of the Union's victory in the battle of mobile bay in August eighteen sixty four and their capture of the city of Atlanta the next month secured Lincoln and. Support to win re-election a landslide victory on November eighth eighteen sixty four that same year Maryland declared slavery illegal. Finally, stripping the Surat family of its last unpaid laborers making it almost impossible to keep the various family businesses running and Surat's Ville. Mary began making plans on December. First eighteen sixty four. Mary moved her family and belongings out of Surat's Ville for good and into their townhouse in Washington d. c. she rented out her tavern and hotel to a former policeman named John Lloyd and began operating a boarding house out of her townhouse while she and her family still live there. On December twenty. Third eighteen sixty four. John Sarah junior met John Wilkes booth through their mutual friend. Doctor Samuel Mudd. All three men were sympathetic to the south's plight and booth like John junior was a member of the confederate secret service. John junior was soon pulled into booths plans to kidnap president, Lincoln booth hope to hold him ransom in exchange for the release of key confederate prisoners of war when booth and his co-conspirators needed a safe place to meet John junior, brought them home to marries boarding house. We should pause here to reiterate the controversy surrounding Mary Surat's role in the assassination of ABRAHAM LINCOLN, even today. Historians are still torn as to the extent of Mary's participation in the plot to kill Lincoln. Many people believe her an innocent bystander blind to the political rebellion that happened to be planned under her roof. Many. Others think that wall. She knew what was being discussed in her boardinghouse. She herself never played any major role in the murder of ABRAHAM LINCOLN. There are others, of course, who believes she knew and participated in everything. Historians, Kate Larsen, ROY Chamblee have noted that the choice to leave Surat Ville and moved to Washington DC was an unusual decision for Mary Surat to make since living in the city would have cost the family far more money than staying in Surat Ville. Other historians such as Jones. Conus have suggested that this proves Mary Surat's motivation for the move wasn't purely financial. But instead it was a strategic step in a confederate plot unfolding within the Surat household. Another piece of evidence suggesting Mary at least knew about the threat against the president occurred in January, eighteen sixty five while still working as a courier and spy for the confederates John junior transferred everything left to him after his father's death. To his mother's name, including titles and properties. If John junior had expressed plans to join the confederate army where his life would be endangered during battle, this decision might have made sense, but he had no intention of becoming a soldier. Instead, many historians believe he gave Mary his inheritance to protect her from a law that allows the government to seize the property and fortune of traitors. If they're arrested, there's no way of knowing whether Mary understood the implications of her sons transfer of property, but it's possible. She put it together and surmise that her son was in danger of being arrested for treason. Another unresolved matter is the peculiar nature of the tenants. Mary kept in her DC townhouse, Mary told friends and family. She would only accept border. She knew or recommendations from friends. She trusted. She could have done this to protect herself from union scrutiny since an untrustworthy border could reveal her confederate sympathies to the authorities, but many of the people she allowed to stay. In her house weren't just any southern sympathizers. They were friends, John junior made while working for the confederate secret service George at Surat and Lewis Powell both co conspirators, John Wilkes booth, and John Surat junior in their plot to kidnap Lincoln stayed in Mary's townhouse at various times throughout the winter and spring of eighteen sixty five. Another co conspirator David Herold also visited from meetings and while John Wilkes booth never lived in the townhouse, he visited frequently Mary's twenty two year old daughter. Anna was a numbered with booth. He was after all an enormously popular actor and celebrity at the time in an twist of fate, ABRAHAM LINCOLN was an enormous fan of booth as an actor and tried at various times to invite booth to the White House for dinner booth declined every time. He was too busy planning the kidnapping of his biggest fan. The plan to kidnap Lincoln stemmed from a recent decision by union general. Ulysses. S. grant to stop exchanging prisoners of war with the confederacy by denying the south, it's men. Eventually they would run out of soldiers when booth learned that Lincoln was going to attend to play at an area hospital on March seventeenth. Eighteen sixty five booth devised a plot to grab the president as he was leaving. It was not uncommon in the eighteen hundreds for presidents to travel without security. Booth believed he would simply be able to approach Lincoln stick a gun in his back and force him into a carriage. They could then use him as a bargaining chip to force the north to release southern prisoners in anticipation of the kidnapping, John junior, and the other co conspirators. Some of whom were living in Mary's boarding house at the time, hit supplies, weapons, and amunition in Mary's tavern in Surat Seville when March seventeenth finally came booth, hit by the play venue for hours poised to strike as Lincoln left in yet. Another odd twist of fate. However. Lincoln decided to skip the play to attend a ceremony at the national hotel where booth himself was living at the time, like ships passing in the night. The missed opportunity was a terrible blow to the conspirators. And then on April third eighteen sixty five, Robert Elise rendered the confederate army effectively ending the civil war for good all the booth. Mary and John juniors, hopes and dreams of a southern victory evaporated in a single day. Even worse Mary's oldest son, Isaac had been in Texas fighting for the confederates since the beginning of the war and Mary hadn't heard from him in months. There was no way of knowing if he had survived or whether confederate soldiers would be executed. Now that the war was over eight days later on April eleventh. Lincoln gave a speech at the White House both to celebrate the Union's victory and to announce his intentions to seek voting rights for freed black men across America. John Wilkes booth fumed. As he listened. He was furious that award that had cost an estimated six hundred twenty thousand lives was being celebrated as a victory for anyone standing in the crowd, watching the president speak booth turned to his co-conspirator. Lewis Powell and told him to shoot Lincoln dead on the spot. Powell refused afraid of the crowd's response. But boots wore that soon. He would run the president through psychologist and philosopher Eric from was among the first to coined the term group narcissism in which a person begins to identify so strongly with the group. He idealize is that he becomes aggressively protective of it to an obscene level. He is the group. So any resistance to what the group believes in is taken as a personal attack against him and all he holds dear irrational anger, hatred and violence against the groups perceived enemies seem justified. Exactly why booth grew so angry is debatable. Some historians believe booth originally chose to defend the south because of his fierce rivalry with his older brother, Edwin booth not to make light, but Edwin and John Wilkes booth were like the Hemsworth brothers of their age. Edwin booth was also an actor and by the eighteen sixties his star far out, shown that of his older brother, John research done by Nora to tone the booth families, letters and journals has revealed that the brothers were locked in a fierce battle against one another throughout their entire lives. As Edwin Starr rose. He became something of a poster boy for the union effort. When John's acting career stagnated in comparison to his brother, he committed to making a name for himself elsewhere in the confederacy. His personal narcissism eventually gave way to group narcissism. And eventually he brought John junior and Mary Surat into the fold of that narcissism. While Edwin was a star, John Wilkes booth was known to turn heads in a way few others could. He was a magnetic speaker and his rhetoric called others to listen. Other historians. However, note that booth was a white supremacist an entire war fought to end. The enslavement of African Americans might have been enough to fuel his group narcissism, and that of his co conspirators at the time. Many southern loyalists in the border states were looking for someone anyone to follow who captured the southern spirit. They feared. They had lost after Lincoln. Speech booth and Powell went to Mary's townhouse in the streets outside her door. Thousands of people were celebrating the defeat of the south and the end of the civil war. But the townhouses curtains were drawn tightly against the sun. Mary was in mourning devastated by the south's defeat and surrender that is until booth and Powell walked through the door. Booth gathered his co conspirators together and swore that there would be vengeance against the man. They blamed for the south's defeat the details of the conversation and whether or not Mary was involved in the meeting are unknown. What we do know is that John junior went north to New York to deliver messages to confederate agents while Mary hastened into her carriage and roads straight for her tavern in Surat Ville. She told her tenants that she was writing to Surat spill to collect a debt owed to her while in Surat Ville. However, she told John Lloyd, the policeman who was renting the tavern to get the family. Shooting irons ready to be picked up three days. Later on April fourteenth booth visited the theatre where the play our American cousin was performing and learned that ABRAHAM LINCOLN would attend that evening booth saw as the opportunity of a lifetime. He could finally correct the mistake he had made the month before when his kidnapping plot went awry booth left the theatre and went directly to marries DC townhouse. He spoke with her privately giving her a pair of Benach Yalies to take to her tavern and Surat's Ville booth also told his co, conspirators the details of his plan while he went to kill Lincoln at the theater, George at Surat would target vice president Andrew Johnson. While Lewis Powell struck out at secretary of State, William h Seward together, they could kill three high ranking officials in a single evening and throw the government into chaos Mary road back to Surat spill and drop the Benach yours. Off with John Lloyd repeating her request for him to get the shooting irons ready. There would be a death that night. And if all went according to booth and Mary's hopes the south might just rise again. Thanks
"surat family" Discussed on Female Criminals
"Afloat. Only three days after Lincoln's inauguration on March. Seventh eighteen sixty one Mary's nineteen year old son, Isaac enlisted in the newly formed confederate army and moved to Texas eventually becoming a cavalryman and fighting on horseback. It was a decision that would fully thrust the rest of the Surat's into the southern 'cause transforming political opinion into a family wide personal crusade. It seems necessary at this point to acknowledge that children learn their racial biases and political leanings from their parents. In the case of the Surat's who over tely identified themselves as pro southern in the years leading up to the civil war. It's clear that the reinforcement of owning slaves and living with parents who raise them to favor. The south led to is decision to fight for the confederacy. A two thousand twelve study at Harvard found that children learn to favor the political beliefs in racism of their. Parents at as early as three or four years old. Previous research had suggested that racism takes hold in Atta leci-. But this new Harvard study suggests that racism in particular is a very straightforward bias for parents to pass down to their young children. Political beliefs, however, are more of a mixed bag. Separate studies carried out by Cambridge and Stanford Heff found that while growing up with political parents, turn children into adults that cared about politics. It didn't guarantee that those children would agree with their parents, politics. The researchers found that the children raised by politically active parents sought out political conversations when they later left home, any type of political conversations. No matter the viewpoint. Essentially, the kids went looking for the same type of conversations. They'd had it home regardless of the content. As a result, they often became more receptive to different ideologies and opinions. In fact, the researchers found that the more intensely. Parents tried to turn their children into political mini me's. The more likely their kids were to rebel against their ideologies after leaving home. However, in the nineteenth century families often continued to live together long after children had grown into adults opportunities for the Surat children to be exposed to different ideologies were rare. It was much easier for them to accept the confederate viewpoint. That Lincoln's election was a danger to their way of life a little over a month. After Lincoln's election on April twelfth, eighteen sixty one. The southern United States split from the north beginning. One of the bloodiest wars in American history. Maryland was considered a border state positioned on the border between northern and southern territory. Its strategic position. Next to Washington DC meant that despite the overwhelming majority of the state citizens being pro confederacy, the union forcibly prevented Maryland from seceding soldiers. Were encamped there throughout the duration of the war and Marylanders were often forced to swear loyalty oaths before they were allowed to shop in certain places or vote in mid-year elections, even suspicions of disloyalty to the union could lose them, their jobs and their property. So many in Maryland began aiding the south any discreet way they could by harboring confederate agents, passing letters back and forth, or providing information. They overheard Mary's tavern and hotel became a halfway stop for confederate agents, including Thomas Nelson, Conrad one of confederate president Jefferson Davis's personal spies. Some historians wonder of Mary knew about the people who pass through businesses, let alone spoke with them since very little of Mary's surviving correspondence suggests she was participating in the confederate cause, however, it's difficult to imagine that she could have remained oblivious to the confederate agents frequenting her business, and she was certainly aware. That her seventeen year old son, John junior left college to become a corier for the confederate secret service in July eighteen sixty one. He was essentially a smuggler moving back and forth across the secession lines with money supplies and messages. Shortly after that, three hundred union soldiers marched into Surat Ville union agents on the hunt for disloyal border state. Citizens came knocking on Mary's door despite investigations into her tavern and hotel. There scare tactics didn't seem to work. The confederate spy network remained intact in Surat Ville throughout the war. The pressures on Mary both politically and as a business owner would rise even further in August eighteen sixty two. When her husband John died from a stroke at the age of forty nine, John junior, succeeded him as postmaster of the serrato post office on September tenth eighteen sixty two only a few days later. The union agents return to. Camp out in ceramics Ville firing nearby post masters for disloyalty, John junior escape scrutiny for almost a year. Until he tried to apply for a job at the union department of war in August, eighteen sixty three, possibly as part of a confederate espionage scheme. His application, dragged his family's loyalties under federal scrutiny at precisely the wrong time. His name had previously come up on a list of potential confederate quarriers as he travelled between Maryland and Virginia. Often, this was just circumstantial evidence, but the mere suggestion of disloyalty was enough to lose him his position as postmaster for disloyalty in November, eighteen sixty three causing even more financial problems for the Surat family. John juniors, contributions to the family were humbled to selling vegetables by the roadside debts were piling up more of the family's slaves fled north. It's curious to note that at the start of the civil war, slavery was still legal in Maryland, even though it was technically a northern state. By the time ABRAHAM LINCOLN was inaugurated. Seven states had already seceded from the union. Lincoln ran on a platform that supported freezing the practice of slavery as it existed, but barred, further expansion, two new states. He hoped this compromise would appease the south while eventually allowing slavery to die out on its own. Of course, the south saw the policy as a compromise that would strangle their economy over a longer period of time instead of just beheading it quickly. And Mary's family and businesses were certainly feeling that pressure, especially as their slaves fled. The resentment, the family already felt for the union was growing. Mary began to wonder if Lincoln had never been elected, perhaps their lives might have never fallen so low, but it did nothing to dwell on regrets of the past. Instead Mary turned her attention to possibilities for the future a future without that meddlesome northern troublemaker, ABRAHAM LINCOLN. Then
"surat family" Discussed on Female Criminals
"Back. He purchased two hundred acres of land at the epicenter of county traffic and used it to build an inn and tavern. Anyone who wanted to travel north into Washington DC had to pass along the road through his property, ensuring the Inwood never want for customers. The property was a quick success, but still it wasn't enough to reassure thirty year old Mary that John had changed drunken ways. She didn't want to go back to him only to once again, endure his angry tantrums, but there were two problems. Firstly, Mary couldn't stay at her cousin's home for much longer with three young mouths to feed her family was simply too much of a burden for her friends and family to support. The second problem was that as a married woman in nineteenth century America, her legal rights began and ended with her marriage certificate. Before we get into this. Please note, Vanessa is not a licensed psychologist or psychiatrist, but she's done a lot. Out of research for the show. Thank Sammy a massive study conducted by the university of Wisconsin. Law school tells us that marriage in the nineteenth century was legally and socially much different from our idea of marriage today in the nineteenth century, when a man and woman entered into a marriage, they were seeing legally and culturally as a single entity with certain expectations and duties placed on them as a couple no matter how they decided to live within the marriage. Essentially, they were no longer to separate people, but an organization permanently recognized by the state and judges in law enforcement were encouraged to enforce those legal and cultural rules upon married couples. If married couples were found to be living apart, for example, the courts could order them to live together. Again, divorce was extremely expensive and difficult to obtain, especially since Mary was a Catholic and would require additional permission from the church to divorce. Her husband. John knew this and he knew. As long as Mary was his wife. He had a great deal of legal leverage over her. Mary tried to move back onto what remained of John's family's property instead of moving into the new tavern with him. But as the legal owner of the estate, John sold the land she was living on finally, forcing Mary and the children to move back in with him in December of eighteen fifty three Mary didn't know it yet. But this was a decision that would change American history. We'll get back to the Surat families reunion after a quick break. Are you ready for the newest show coming to the park cast network. It's called hostage, and it tells the complicated stories behind the world's most intense hostage negotiations. Hosts Carter and Irma examined tactics used by the FBI's crisis, negotiation unit world governments, and even hostages. Parents highlighting the moments where things went tragically wrong as well as techniques that miraculously saved lives. Each episode explores the negotiations hidden from the public eye and the complex webs of movement needed to extract hostages safely in these life or death circumstances checkout the trailer. Some criminals use guns. Some use explosives. The worst criminals us hostages. One wrong word one wrong move, and the hostages are dead. Hostage. The newest podcast from par cast tells electrifying crime stories, culminating in intense life or death negotiations don't wait subscribe to hostage. Now, wherever you listen to podcasts, Vanessa, and I have some exciting news for you starting. Now you can listen to female criminals episodes that are older than six months completely ad free exclusively on Stitcher premium. We're always looking for ways to improve the listener experience. We found an amazing partner in Stitcher to bring you episodes. Ad free, six months after they're released. Again, this will only affect episodes older than six months. Nothing else will change. We'll still be releasing new female criminals episodes where ever you listen to podcasts for a free month trial go to Stitcher, premium dot com. Slash par cast and use promo code par cast that's Stitcher, premium dot com. Slash. Par cast and use promo code podcast. Now back to the story. In December eighteen fifty three Mary Surat and her three children moved back in with her husband, John in his new tavern in outside Washington DC setting aside the underhanded manipulative, legal tactics. John used to lure his family back. He seems to have attempted to do right by them once they were living together again with the remaining money from the sale of his family's land. John surprised Mary on December sixth, eighteen fifty three by buying a four thousand dollar townhouse at six o four h. street in Washington DC. It was a pretty grand gesture on John's part, four thousand dollars in eighteen fifty. Three would be about a hundred and thirty thousand today. No small sum considering the fire had destroyed almost all of their wealth two years before in the beginning, they use the townhouse as a second home in part to show off their wealth and to establish themselves as socialites in DC's inner circles. But John told Mary that he eventually hoped to us. It as a boarding house to bring in another source of income in eighteen fifty four. John expanded the tavern on his land into a hotel, which he called Surat's hotel and installed a post office in the tavern. By the end of the year, his businesses had attracted at least twelve families to settle in the area allowing John to officially designate the little blurb as village, which he called Surat spill. John became Surat's villes first postmaster a position that was quite respectable in its time in the late eighteen hundreds people often gathered at post offices to gossip and play cards, and the new post offices proximity to the tavern and hotel insured more customers for those businesses to John and Mary Surat had positioned themselves right at the center of the growing community. Many of the customers that visited their businesses were pro slavery and advocated protecting the way of life for southern Americans, which the Surat's consider themselves to be in the ten years. Leading up to the civil war. The Suraj families properties surely became a hotbed of discussion about slavery state's rights and succession. John used some of the profits from his new businesses to send their children now between the ages of eleven and fourteen to Catholic boarding schools and obvious attempt to reassure thirty one year old Mary that he had changed his ways for good between eighteen fifty four eighteen fifty seven, John expanded his business ventures even further to include granaries stables and tobacco curing houses. Things were looking up for the Surat family. Unfortunately, the stress of the new businesses reintroduced the pressures that had driven John to drink heavily before now, thirty four year old. Mary often found him so drunk. He could barely be woken with John out of commission. The running of all of these businesses then fell to marry in the families. Six slaves. Mary was now responsible for running a hotel tavern boarding house and several other businesses while still keeping house and raising three children. In one lighter, Mary implored a local priest to help her negotiate the tuition at her children's boarding schools. In her own words, she told him quote, as you know, dear father, it will all have to come through and by my own management and quote, she was on her own with no help incite debts began to accumulate forcing John to sell half of his landholdings to pay them off. He also sold four of the remaining slaves for petty cash. An act that was quite embarrassing at the time in Maryland society. John's drinking became so bad that he was seen in their tavern day and night on drunken display for the entire town to see by eighteen fifty eight thirty five year old. Mary began reaching out to local priests to help her shake some sense into her husband. She told them in confidence that John was never sober anymore, and she was embarrassed to visit friends. Isolating her further from the community research conducted by the university of Texas at Austin, has shown that the suppression of emotion, particularly repeated or cultural suppressions or those tied to a sense of moral or social duty can build up over time leading to an increase in aggression and even motion outbursts. This is something scientists refer to as the ego depletion effect. The longer a person has to repress how they feel the bigger the resulting outburst may be. This might go along way toward explaining the inner workings of a woman. Like Mary Surat, who had a family to protect and children to raise her life was a constant struggle as she attempted to keep her family together and her husband's businesses afloat during a time of deep social unrest. The civil war didn't Secondly spring up overnight. It was the final result of decades of mistrust, fear and dissatisfaction across the United States as evidenced by her later crimes. Mary was surely feeling the pressure of her turbulent deeply divided cultural atmosphere in eighteen sixty John and Mary's daughter seventeen year old. Anna was nearly finished with education at Catholic boarding school and her sixteen year old son. John junior had enrolled in Saint Charles college. Mary was forced to auction off moorland to pay for their educations and to keep their townhouse in Washington DC. The constant upkeep of the family's empire without her husband's help was starting to exhaust Mary at thirty. Seven years old Mary was entering what was considered an advanced age for the time and her family's future worried her constantly, a bigger crisis was looming just beyond the horizon for the strained family. A young hopeful lawyer in Illinois was beginning to make political waves as he traveled to New York to speak about a new America without slavery. On may ninth eighteen sixty ABRAHAM LINCOLN received his first endorsement to run for president of the United States. He was elected and inaugurated less than a year. Later on March fourth eighteen sixty one as news, trickled south to Maryland. It sent shivers through the spines of many Marylanders who relied on unpaid slave labor to maintain their fortunes and businesses. Thirty seven year old, Mary Surat, and her family were slave owning confederate sympathizers or in her own words, southern through and through for most white southerners. The moral atrocity of slavery was outweighed by the apparent necessity of slave labor to maintain their economic system. From Mary's perspective, the anti-slavery Lincoln's victory threatened their entire way of life. It came at the worst possible time for the family when they were in dire financial straits down to two slaves and selling off pieces of land. To keep their businesses afloat.
"surat family" Discussed on Female Criminals
"Life. In eighteen thirty nine. The school closed and sixteen year old Mary was sent home to Waterloo Maryland where she met and began courting a twenty six year old man named John Harrison Surat. It was very common in the early eighteen hundreds for men to be on average five years older than their wives. While the age gap between Mary and John was a bit wider than average. There were bigger factors that made John an odd choice of partner. He was known to be a bit of a drinker and had already fathered a child out of wedlock before meeting Mary. This would have been a serious red flag in the early eighteen hundreds. He was also an orphan who had been raised by a wealthy couple from Washington DC. His adoptive parents had biological children of their own. So he didn't expect to inherit much if any money or land from them for Mary, the educated daughter of a plantation owner. This wasn't exactly marrying up. Regardless after a year of courting seventeen year old, Mary convinced John to convert to Catholicism. The couple married in a Catholic service in August eighteen forty for at least the first three years of their marriage from eighteen forty to eighteen forty three. The couple enjoyed a honeymoon period in their new home. John bought and worked a mill, which provided a decent income when Mary was eighteen. She gave birth to their first son, Isaac in eighteen forty one. Their daughter, Anna followed in eighteen forty three by eighteen forty three. John had amassed enough money to buy two hundred thirty six acres of land from his adoptive father. Later in the year, he was able to purchase an additional one hundred nineteen acres after his father's death. The land was situated right on the Washington DC Maryland border and should have provided the family with a hefty amount of equity and security. Unfortunately, the couple never seems to have done much with the property which is unusual. Considering John had experience working on his family's farm growing up and had been successfully operating a mill for at least three years. This may have had something to do with an inability to afford slaves. At that time. It was common practice to purchase sleeve workers for your land because there was simply too much work on a large farm for one person or even a small family to do. John Surat may have been waiting until he could afford slaves to work the land, but other obligations got in the way shortly after the birth of their third and final child. John junior in eighteen forty four. There was added pressure from John's aging, adoptive mother to help her run the family farm, which was located inside the borders of Washington DC. It's unclear if this land was attached to the land he had bought from his father. John Mary and the family moved in with John's mother in eighteen forty five. She died on the few months later, leaving the remainder of his family's lands farms and seven slaves to John. It's unclear why she chose John as the sole inheritor of the family's estate instead of dividing among the children. But it was surely convenient for John and Mary. Unfortunately, the sizeable inheritance didn't bring the family closer together. John had always been a drinker, but his drinking escalated obscenely while he tried to run the family's farm between eighteen forty five and eighteen fifty one, he accumulated more and more debts he couldn't pay. He grew angry and violent toward Marian their children in letters. John wrote to his friends. He openly blamed his wife for his debts and his failures as a farmer to escape John's drinking and temper Mary turned her focus to fundraising for the building. A church nearby John openly resented this activity. He had converted to Catholicism, but he didn't understand or appreciate Mary's devotion only about ten years into their marriage, things were already going downhill. It seemed only a matter of time before the couple would go their separate ways. In eighteen fifty one six years after Marian, John inherited the family estate smoke woke the Surat family in the dead of night, John Mary and their three children rushed outside as flames, began to engulf their home by morning. There was nothing left, but Ashish as they checked the slave quarters, they discovered that one of their seven slaves had disappeared during the night, possibly setting the blaze to distract from his escape with the families. Farm burned to the ground. There was no reason left for Mary to keep living with her abusive alcoholic husband. John moved to Virginia to work for the orange and Alexandria, railroad while twenty eight year old, Mary happily spirited her children away and moved in with one of her cousins near her family's plantation in Waterloo Maryland. John, however, couldn't let the new arrangement stand for long. It's unclear whether he genuinely wanted to reunite with his family or. If the public shame of losing his property and family spurred him into action. But by the end of eighteen fifty three just two years after the blaze, John was taking steps to restore his wealth and win Mary back.
"surat family" Discussed on C-SPAN Radio
"The newspapers in birmingham mobile in huntsville the editorial includes the following quote proof beyond a reasonable doubt is a consideration for the courtroom not the ballotbox we believe these women character matters it's time that he and his party read the writing on the wall his candidacy is over his true character has been revealed it's time for the gop to remove its officials support and since he and his party can't assured the voters of alabama must you can read the full editorial at aol dot com last night in gadsden alabama the republican candidate right more along with his wife kayla responded to the latest charges against him dress what's been brought on television today or gloria allred than the client the she has about things i legibly be it only make it perfectly clear the paolo vanoli they know my character they know what have stood for the political world for over forty years dan i can tell you without hesitation is absolutely false i never did what she said i'd be it i don't even know the anything about her i don't even know where the restaurant years or was it if you look it situation you'll see that because i'm eleven points ahead or kindle of imports ahead this race being just twenty eight days all this is a political maneuver and has nothing to do with reality it's all about politics elect let my wife make few segments i've been married to this man for thirty two years we've been gathered for thirty three altogether he has never won tom lifted a finger to me he is the most gentle most con man i have ever known in my life godly he's in every standing in this community noted these are our church members they surat family base or our france these are people that know him just like i do these things are faults and its ugly is the ugliest politics than i've ever been in my life kayla more and her husband roy more responding to the latest allegations av woman who came forward claiming that she was assaulted by roy more back in the 1970s at the age of sixteen this observation.
"surat family" Discussed on WTMJ 620
"Two six two seven eight six sixty three sixty three yeah back i i've been mary to this man for thirty two years we've been together for thirty three altogether he has never won term lifted a finger to me he is the most gentle most con man that i have ever known in my life he's got like he's loving every everybody in this community notes it these are our church members they surat family thinks of our friends things the people that know him just like i do these things are false and it's ugly is the ugliest politics that i've ever been in my life or moore's wife kayla speaking out one eight six six five oh jimbo we go to abandon champaign illinois hello boom sure i'm calling in in response to the the last few college and i i just want my story um i turned thirty in about a month um i though eleven family my parents along great um uh about five years ago my mother revealed to all of us that she had been uh braved lost she was dating my father and qualified by father without the assailant it happened with somebody else nope she did not worth.
"surat family" Discussed on PRI's The World
"Police don't remember it like that when asked what it was like back then sergeant kris burley portland police public information officer called the detective who investigated throws murder for a first hand account the city recognize that there was an immediate issue that was coming about involving hate groups from the police point of view there was an overwhelming response oregon passed a landmark hate crime statute police found sarah's killers and the men were convicted then the founder of the southern poverty law center alabama civil rights attorney morris dees came to town with a novel new strategy to drain resources from hate groups by suing them these sued california kkk grand dragon tom metzker arguing metzker incited the man who killed serag these one and metzger was ordered to pay twelve million dollars at the time the most ever awarded in the heat case burley says during the trial police protected the judge jury and surat's family 24 hours a day and recognizing that there was a likelihood that other hate groups could come to support those that had killed mr serag but as for tracking white hate groups in general braley says police can only investigate if a crime spend commit it so the bureau couldn't always do what activist one it as law enforcement officials we might find the the words offensive but so much of the time what people say is protected by the first amendment things changed suddenly in 1994 when timothy mcveigh bombed the oklahoma city federal building the fbi made white hate groups a priority nakagawa says within a decade there was the perception the problem had been addressed funding for anti hate groups slowed the coalition for human dignity collapsed nakagawa another activist moved on to other organisations and other causes.