35 Burst results for "Superhumans"
The Australian ABC adds shows to Spotify
"Australia's largest podcast to the abc is to put twenty three of its most popular podcasts. Spotify six month trial. Abc's calf dwyer told us it's a big opportunity for the and we're really excited to reach audiences that might not find us on other platforms. If we were thinking would have recorded her saying that. Because that apparently is how podcasts work anyway in total the broadcast which is government. Funded has more than one hundred and seventy-five shows on monday. The total number of podcasts. In podcast hit one point six million. According to my podcast reviews in october ninety seven thousand podcast added and fourteen thousand removed from apple's directory. As spotify apparently investigates podcast subscriptions luminary is moving into their home country. It's now available in sweden as well as denmark norway and finland for ninety-nine crowns or nine one thousand nine a month so hedin is one of the top five countries for podcast listening according to research calling. Us and uk students. Spotify wants you. They've launched nextwave search for emerging voices. Who will shape the future of podcasting and culture. You'll get a three month trial of sound trap for storytellers. spotify online. Editing service and to take part in a virtual podcast seminar hosted by podcast jack mate. And if you're a young canadian you shouldn't feel left out either a the hot docs podcast career. Accelerator has been announced it. Offers new canadian podcasters between eight hundred and thirty four chance to grow their skills gain invaluable industry knowledge and make lifetime connections at the hot. Docs podcast festival. It's free to take part. The bbc has added incomplete statistics about their podcasts. Over the last quarter they say that data platforms other than bbc's hounds isn't available so no figures for third party global downloads for this period. Perhaps if you're a programmer report into the bbc because sans if they need you beasley media group has added its podcasts and radio stations to enter calms radio dot com platform. The broadcaster has been focused on local. Podcasting initiatives podcast movement is shared a few virtual networking sessions on their website. At a new yellow tag microphone comes complete with other bits of professionally produced audio to courtesy of audio imaging company benz town. This is p. r. Yes live from washington is. Sp are superhuman public radio. But i really understand what's going on but we were sent a press release which looks kind of super important. You'll find it links from our show notes and our newsletter today and also would like to recommend this. this is the osmania reports. My name stand barris. The ause media report looks at the media in australia and beyond i was a special guest last week. But you say this week because this week is looking at the australian radio industry instead
The Daily Show & What The Constitution Means To Me: Kids In America
"First Up, we have two correspondents from comedy central's the daily show with Trevor Noah. They are taking a break from election coverage to come play some games. We have first time guest Michael Kosta who used to be a professional tennis player and Return Guest Ronnie Chang. WHO's currently it Australia Michael Roddy. Welcome to ask me another. Five. Thanks for having. US Surani you are in the future right with the time zone. Australia. Is there anything you need to tell US Ronnie? Yeah just wear mask. For the future of. where? Are you up anyway because of time are you adjusted the time or did you stay up late? Anyway I actually did wake up I was like God you went to sleep woke up again Yeah. No, it's okay. It's. Like I said, my whole thing is I don't even know what I'm just. I'm awake win someone emails me to be awake. All of Ronnie's email subjects are be awake now. So Michael I. Know this is very timely I know to say you used to be a tennis player is it understatement? You were you were a professional tennis player you've written a book about it. You have a podcast called tennis anyone what did you think about the US Open this year I have been completely astonished and proud That tennis has figured out a way to still hold its most major tournaments. I mean they US Open. Was Amazing. You watched world class tennis with zero fans. Yes. which by the way as someone goes to the US Open A lot I love. No fans because New, York fans are the worst. On their phone, they're all. So you it was I was very impressed. I thought I thought tennis has done a great job with it. Do you think some of the pro players were affected by not having the crowd? Yeah I. Mean it definitely helps the underdog. Yeah. Serena Williams is used to playing in front of Twenty, two thousand people. I was used to playing in front of one person two people so. When you're at the low low low and I never even in a tournament like the US Open. But you know you're more comfortable when there's not a lot of people around. So I thought it helped the underdog, but is there a better sport for social distancing then tennis seventy six feet away? Okay we have a couple of great games for you. Yes. Doing let's do it I'd love to play. Okay. So this is a true or false quiz about video games I know speaks to Ronnie's expertise because the last time you on the show we played into the fact that you like rebuilding intendo positions. All right. I mean I'm not even a video game Guy Competitive Michael. Yeah I was GONNA be the guy who invented Nintendo yeah. Okay. So what we're GONNA do is we're gonNA describe something you can do in a famous video game and you just have to tell us if it's true or something we made up running. The first one is for you great in the winter series, you play a superhuman monster slayer named Garrelt and after eight night out on the town, you can even get a regrettable drunk tattoo true or false while. I I know this game actually. Henry Cavill is the actor who plays this guy in the TV. Series of this, I think they were trying to do like. Game of thrones before video games or something that's the tone I'm going to get. So smoked in this game are you? Strap Extra Trivia. Yeah I can't play any of these games. I just know a lot of enough about them. I think and I'm going to go with true. That is correct. All right Michael. This one is for you in the long awaited Gritty Zombie game the last of US part too. You can pull out your trusty Qatar and strum a dorm room cover of wonderwall. I don't believe that. The video game companies would pay the royalties for wonderwall over and over and over again, and because I'm first time get on here I. Think you're GonNa give me a simple one right out of the gay. I'm going with. False your reasoning is incredibly sound. However it is. Actually it is actually. Lie here's the here's the tricky part is that you can choose between six chords. So don't actually license the song. You just have the cords all and wonderwall as one of the many songs you can play. Hasn't figured out how to license the cords. I try I try to patent C. Minor, but they wouldn't let me do it. Ronnie in two thousand and twenty trendiest game animal crossing. New Horizons you can make a Faustian bargain for your soul with a blue goat named Sherp actually over the pandemic I, was hanging out with someone who was playing a ton of animal crossing. So again, a game which I never played myself but in all my time talking my friend talking at me about animal crossing. Anything a gold or making a bargain with the devil in the game. So I'M GONNA go with false on that one at is correct. I Love I. Love. You were just sort of absorbing all of this information about video games even though you're not playing these. You're up on the news now I was talking to. Michael this. Is the last question in the charming farm simulator Star Valley Watch the seasons change and date various residents of your tiny town. But if you're not careful, you can also violate the Geneva Convention on at least two separate counts. Should you be able to simulate dating and a video game? Anyway. I know any of the stipulations of the Geneva Convention? Ask. This question. I I you're working it out you're. Talking I love this I. Love this. Thinking today's Day. It's probably best if you don't on aren't able to date within a video game, I'm saying false to your B s comment Jonathan. Lab. Sorry.
Trivia With The Daily Show Correspondents
"First Up, we have two correspondents from comedy central's the daily show with Trevor Noah. They are taking a break from election coverage to come play some games. We have first time guest Michael Kosta who used to be a professional tennis player and Return Guest Ronnie Chang. WHO's currently it Australia Michael Roddy. Welcome to ask me another. Five. Thanks for having. US Surani you are in the future right with the time zone. Australia. Is there anything you need to tell US Ronnie? Yeah just wear mask. For the future of. where? Are you up anyway because of time are you adjusted the time or did you stay up late? Anyway I actually did wake up I was like God you went to sleep woke up again Yeah. No, it's okay. It's. Like I said, my whole thing is I don't even know what I'm just. I'm awake win someone emails me to be awake. All of Ronnie's email subjects are be awake now. So Michael I. Know this is very timely I know to say you used to be a tennis player is it understatement? You were you were a professional tennis player you've written a book about it. You have a podcast called tennis anyone what did you think about the US Open this year I have been completely astonished and proud That tennis has figured out a way to still hold its most major tournaments. I mean they US Open. Was Amazing. You watched world class tennis with zero fans. Yes. which by the way as someone goes to the US Open A lot I love. No fans because New, York fans are the worst. On their phone, they're all. So you it was I was very impressed. I thought I thought tennis has done a great job with it. Do you think some of the pro players were affected by not having the crowd? Yeah I. Mean it definitely helps the underdog. Yeah. Serena Williams is used to playing in front of Twenty, two thousand people. I was used to playing in front of one person two people so. When you're at the low low low and I never even in a tournament like the US Open. But you know you're more comfortable when there's not a lot of people around. So I thought it helped the underdog, but is there a better sport for social distancing then tennis seventy six feet away? Okay we have a couple of great games for you. Yes. Doing let's do it I'd love to play. Okay. So this is a true or false quiz about video games I know speaks to Ronnie's expertise because the last time you on the show we played into the fact that you like rebuilding intendo positions. All right. I mean I'm not even a video game Guy Competitive Michael. Yeah I was GONNA be the guy who invented Nintendo yeah. Okay. So what we're GONNA do is we're gonNA describe something you can do in a famous video game and you just have to tell us if it's true or something we made up running. The first one is for you great in the winter series, you play a superhuman monster slayer named Garrelt and after eight night out on the town, you can even get a regrettable drunk tattoo true or false while. I I know this game actually. Henry Cavill is the actor who plays this guy in the TV. Series of this, I think they were trying to do like. Game of thrones before video games or something that's the tone I'm going to get. So smoked in this game are you? Strap Extra Trivia. Yeah I can't play any of these games. I just know a lot of enough about them. I think and I'm going to go with true. That is correct. All right Michael. This one is for you in the long awaited Gritty Zombie game the last of US part too. You can pull out your trusty Qatar and strum a dorm room cover of wonderwall. I don't believe that. The video game companies would pay the royalties for wonderwall over and over and over again, and because I'm first time get on here I. Think you're GonNa give me a simple one right out of the gay. I'm going with. False your reasoning is incredibly sound. However it is. Actually it is actually. Lie here's the here's the tricky part is that you can choose between six chords. So don't actually license the song. You just have the cords all and wonderwall as one of the many songs you can play. Hasn't figured out how to license the cords. I try I try to patent C. Minor, but they wouldn't let me do it. Ronnie in two thousand and twenty trendiest game animal crossing. New Horizons you can make a Faustian bargain for your soul with a blue goat named Sherp actually over the pandemic I, was hanging out with someone who was playing a ton of animal crossing. So again, a game which I never played myself but in all my time talking my friend talking at me about animal crossing. Anything a gold or making a bargain with the devil in the game. So I'M GONNA go with false on that one
"superhumans" Discussed on Software Engineering Daily
"So I actually think we can do better than that's going to reveal exactly how but positive how we plan to do it is by leveraging weather simply because the stuff isn't easy, you call to run machine learning the very least influence muddles on hardware and to do it fast and you got to do it in a way that doesn't impeach typing. One of the things that might actually do is not right this Java scripts, how written most of the rest of our APPS but actually APPS work with existing Java libraries or Russet. Really, anyway that you want them compile it down so that it will work my percents. Fascinating as far as the competition with g mail I wonder, can you compete with Google's kind of economies of scale and what they can do with the for example, the smart auto completely the smart auto complete Google is kind of a killer feature. I wonder if you can replicate that. I think we can I don't think we could individually as an organization, but it's so obviously beneficial and I would actually argue it's more beneficial. This is what I personally find in Google docs competitive an email. But it's it's such an obviously good idea that I can think off the top of my head five startups working on it right now and I'm also an active angel investor. So it's something that I pay very close attention to. Stay close to. Think that's an especially given the advances that GP three has made and will working closely with open as well. I think that's in a fairly short period of time. It might be a year or two that will be libraries widely available to do that kind of thing probably actually going to rewind thought not library syllabi services I think that this stuff is hard enough from requires venture capital you'll have to pay for it, but it is totally feasible that this will become integrates people in the order of magnitude of years. Sea. Think this'll be available as a service and you can just import library or something like I. said I know Yeah. At least five teams Wokingham precisely event. Fantastic what else? What? What's the biggest engineering problem you had to solve and building superhuman? Biggest engineering problem that have been so so many. I'll tell you a fun story of when it was particularly hard to debunk. Something Bookstore is always fun. So for example, in order to power our blazingly fast search, we index emails using sequel, which some folks might know is it's actually a sequel lights database built into chrome. Turns, out, we are basically the only production user of this I think in the world according to the currency at scale. In other words, an extremely each attack bug in the full text search a sequel lights back crashed if certain specific requirements were met, and this was very hard to track down because the database has a very specific state in particular dive into the example just because you had to have unbalanced search. Trees unbalanced in such a way where the adjacent node was facts null. So you'd have to have an index with let's say a lot of words starting with a non starting with the letter b but some starting with the let's see such that when you insert new words would starting would let it tries to split the a node because they notice got too big but because he doesn't exist guess what it's votes and This was happening to hundreds of our customers. Every single day because chrome had updated the version of sequel like the. US and then our CTO Conrad competed feats that is truly heroic working feverishly morning all the way through nights I'm not even sure if he slept properly through one weekend, he jumped into superhuman the code base found out that the issue takes us there jumps into chrome the code base found out that the. Issue didn't exist there jumped into sequel light. The code base gets bisected himself all the way through the recent commits, and by the way, this software was extremely widely uses super battle tested and found the single errands line that was causing this crash. He then reproduced it locally wrote some tests submitted. A patch sequel is accepted the patch updated that code. We picked the team updated US sequel light they released that new code. That code with comrades fix is running in every instance of chrome around the world. So sometimes, the bug is not in your code. It's in somebody else's, and in this case, the book was not. Non Human wasn't even in chrome but we fixed it nevertheless not just the kind of thing you have to do if you're serious about quality. Interesting we'll any other parts of superhuman that that we haven't really explored much detail. Engineering wise. Sure does this GonNa be quite a few what kinds of things would you like to go into? Technical things distributed systems. Yeah Guy, any distributed systems stories? Not, really I'm sure we have. It's probably a little bit further away from what I personally get involved with. I'll tell you another web sequel story just because it sort of top of mind having having talked through all of that like I mentioned we are. As far as we know according to the chrome team, the only production, our web sequel at scale. And there was a point in time where they did not know that and so they were actually planning to remove sequel from. Chrome. To the extent that they had removed it from upstream versions of chrome before it hit production but in Canarian. And this caused a considerable degree of panic inside of concealment..
The Return of Playoff Rondo
"So Bill Game One against Houston was Rozan rondos first game nearly six months. Can you break down everything that he went through with injuries? Yeah. It was interesting because this is a guy who has been slowly it feels like kind of breaking down as he's gotten older he had two broken fingers on his right hand last year his first year with the Lakers. This year he had a calf injury. He had an aversion fracture in his right ring finger and this is all before we get to March and the shutdown from the pandemic. So the Lakers are off for four months they go to. ORLANDO. Rajon Rondo is with the team their first practice inside the bubble Lakers guard Rajon Rondo has suffered a broken right thumb in. He's expected to return to full basketball activities in six to eight weeks, he's going to undergo surgery to repair the fact fracture this week. So he leaves the bubble has surgery. He's out for another six weeks or so the Lakers have a first round series against the Blazers Rondo, comes back to the bubble and is actually cleared to play for game three against the Portland Trailblazers, he's on the court getting ready. For that Game Rondo was listed as active tonight for the Lakers but was a late scratch with back spasms that happened. So, by the time, we got to game one of the second round against the rockets. There was kind of this sense of porcelain Rondo forget about it what level, but is he just going to be healthy enough to play and be able to stay healthy to make a contribution to this team? What does he had to say about all of these injuries he basically downplayed the injuries and said that these are the sorts of things that are going to frustrate. Anyone was very frustrating injury and step back I'm my career fourteen years have. Everything happens for a reason. Obsolete man says talks we. Still for the moment but the timing of this latest injury, the broken thumb and the back spasms I think particularly frustrating for him because this is a guy whose entire reputation and career is built on playoff performance on being a guy who really ramps it up in the postseason. Early, in his career uses a second your point guard with the Celtics out of Kentucky playing with Kevin Garnett and Ray Allen and Paul. Pierce and he ended up playing an instrumental role. You remember the two thousand, eight finals against the Lakers decisive blowout game. You know he had twenty one points against Kobe Bryant and the Lakers twenty one point seven rebounds eight assists six steals to give the Celtics a championship for that story franchises nearly ovation barrage. You've seen it win Lebron was in Miami. If you remember game three of these conference semi finals Rondo dislocated his elbow. Oh. Wow. Left arm hyper-extended boy. Didn't see it on that I replay certainly. Saw It there. When back to the locker room pop back in came back onto the court to help the Celtics with game. Time is pad. Rajon Rondo expired the crowd rare Boston. We've seen it time and time again in his career in these big moments, it's not superhuman. But when you take a player who is seen as a high level, but not superstar player can a hitting that superstar switch when the playoffs come then obviously a legend starts to grow. And for him did have another injury right when the Lakers were expecting to get him at his best was extremely frustrating. But the timing actually ended up working out he made it back for the second round series against the rockets and as we've seen was really no worse for the wear the Lakers got blown out by the rockets in game one. They're all going to be in a good mood tonight as the Houston Rockets when it one twelve to ninety seven. But after that, they rattled off four straight wins how much credit do you think Rondo deserves further taking that series. So easily I think you could make an argument that without Rajon Rondo certainly that the Lakers wouldn't have off the next four wins, but he was instrumental in games two and three and four also, but specifically games two and three with his performance in the fourth quarter game too. He knocked down a late jump shot to kind of hold off the rockets and what was a close game Rondo two. Point jump shot that's Rajon Rondo with a bucket right there ten points nine assists for Rondo and then engaged three. He was actually the guy who is Lebron James on the bench to start the fourth quarter in what was a close game at the start of that period he either scored or assisted on Lakers I eight possessions of that quarter to help kind of turn what had been another tight close game into a rout for the Lakers. Rondo. He'll three and Rondo hits another one largest laker lead tonight Rondo has. Been Spectacular and a nice Lee for Kuzma. This is sort of how his reputation has been built. But this also is kind of out of line with the way he's played for the Lakers over his first two years. He hasn't been the guy who has come up in the big moments or been clutch. You've seen the decline of a player who's in his mid thirties and has been in the League for fourteen years, but there has always been this belief from the Lakers that when the playoffs come that he. Would step up and have those sort of vintage Rondo performances and so what you saw was sort of this return to form that the Lakers have always promised would be there and you saw not only offensively. But also defensively when Houston started to make runs, it was Rajon Rondo who was picking up James Harden full court and pestering him into turnovers they double team Arden and get a steal and another round of bucket. That's a ten old laker run hard was trying to go behind the back Rondo was right there. In both game two in game three second-half possessions where rondos picking up James Harden. The former MVP of the league, hounding him into a turnover, taking his pocket and going the other way for layup that completely shifted momentum and those both are Lakers win. So when you look at what Rondo did in those two games, I, think you could easily say that the Lakers could have been down two. Oh, two one in the series instead of kind of romping to a five game series victory.
Hollywood Mourns Chadwick Boseman: ‘This Is a Crushing Blow’
"For a Hollywood star have secretly battled colon cancer for four years, all while continuing to work, keeping his treatments. A surgery is private. We may have played a superhero, but Chadwick Boseman must have had superhuman strength to keep on working. You know him, of course as Black Panther, among other things in for playing Jackie Robinson in the movie 42 Chadwick Boseman dead at the age of 43 Reactions are just pouring in Hollywood is stunt actor and director Jordan Peele, speaking for many when he wrote on Twitter quote, this is a crushing blow, referring to the shocking news Friday night the Chadwick Boseman had died. Jimmie Foxx writes that toe lose this beautiful black king renders me weak. Bozeman's Last tweet was a picture of him in Democratic VP candidate Kamala Harris. She tweets that she's heartbroken and her fellow Howard University, Bison was brilliant, kind. Learned and humble. He left too early, but his life made a difference. Correspondent
Happiness is Like Shopping For a New Home
"Now let me ask you a question. Have you ever found yourself? Meandering around had an idea. And then kind of went off after Kana sort of and it well okay. Let me get to the story here. So my daughter. Looking for a home I've been looking for a home over the past couple of years not right now on a world where I am right now but it had a couple of folks who have called me recently, they're looking for homes as well. Something to do with the interest rates the way they are being seriously low and folks are moving around. So a friend call me and she had been living in her forever home for two years that was about it. And I listen really closely about what was happening about what was going on and everything she was going through and just smiled. I. Smiled have you ever done that have you ever heard somebody and you're like? I have heard the story like ten thousand times before maybe more importantly, you've lived about ten thousand times before. and. That's exactly what I heard and this wisdom was coming to my mind. We call it Scott logic around here. The wisdom was this. I just one thing. Whether it's home. Whether it's getting happiness or just about anything else in the world, it always seems to go on way. It happens it. Why is that? I had I know the answer that I too. I thought for a minute I was going to stop myself but occasionally I surprised myself. Or human. It's a very complicated world, and if you're like me, it's very complicated. Mind that inhabits your head. or human the wind blows humidity goes up and down the rain comes down the sunshines and then we gotta go what am I gonNa do with all this stuff I got a yard demo. It's confusing. Isn't it sometimes? So, it's just human. So just accepted as being human but Scott Superhuman maximizing human potential sure yard, but you're still human. After a long week, even superhumans get tired and have a beer on Friday night. Or Two. But sometimes, you want something different, right? An idea pops into your head. And you don't WanNa sit there on the fence and drivers crazy 'cause you got three choices you know that right? Longtime ago if an idea pops into your head, you're either GonNa go do something about it. You're not going to do anything about it. Or you'RE GONNA send the middle and go what am I gonna about it. The first two are cool because either you do it or you don't the one in the middle will drive you crazy. But what happens is people get an idea how it's in my head. Now it's lingering around there right side talking to you all the time. You may not know what you mean by you want something different. You're the boss of you right. And since you're the boss you I know you said things and thought things before you really don't know what the hell you talking about. Listen I I'm like you I really don't specifically know what I mean by that. I will tell you having done what I've been for very long time when people call me and their specific about what they want. It's really cool because it's either really okay. I shouldn't say this but you know sometimes you hear people specifically like, what are you thinking? But at least we have a starting point. Or maybe sometimes it Massa great idea. Go do just like that. But when they're in the middle kind of meander around, they don't really know what they mean by that. That's Kinda hard to do. So this is the trajectory the here's what happens when when you are out there. This is why happiness is kind of like shopping for a new home. You want some different. But you don't know quite what it means. When you say that? then. What happens? You settle into. I'll I'll know when I see it mode and what do you do you start exploring? You'd out there I love that part. and. Then your search becomes all consuming it's like buying a house. If you've ever shopped for a home, you know it's like, why have no really idea what I want? I don't even know where I wanna be not really sure exactly how much I could afford I'm not sure how much space I need I. Don't Know How long I'm GonNa live. There are the schools good and everything else. I don't even know by God. There's nothing on the market those sellers they went all the money in the world I don't have that I'm giving up now. Tell me I'm not right on that one. Your search becomes so time consuming. You start to get stressed out a lot when you're going after your dreams by the way. And what do you do? Most people stop. But then something happens you're stopping you're. Not GonNa Change Darn thing I don't care what I was thinking even though I didn't know what I was thinking I'm not going anywhere I'm stopping because you know why I don't even know what I was looking for, and now it's all stressing me out. I can't do this anymore and then suddenly Tam perfectly the perfect opportunity. The fill in the blank perfect house perfect happiness perfect job perfect whatever the thing that you were looking for even though you didn't know what you're looking for. It shows up and you. Cool see I can see now that's what happens next.
Gotham Knights doesn't have Batman in it and Suicide Squad
"Gotham Knights is the next game from the developer behind Batman Arkham. And Batman isn't in it? DC held its massive DC fan dome event this weekend where they shared all kinds of panels and trailers for DC related stuff. They talked about wonder woman nineteen eighty-four, which looks cool and the Snyder cut of Justice League which look you know I am ecstatic for you. If you're excited about that I don't think making that movie longer it's going to make it any better, but you know that has nothing. To do with video games. They also showed a trailer for the Robert Patents and Matt Reeves Batman Movie, which I thought looked pretty great. I'm excited for that. But the most exciting news for me was learning about what WB Montreal was working on and learning a lot more about rock steadies suicide squad game. So finally, officially, WB Montreal revealed it is working on a game called Gotham knights the trailer for the. Game Open with a newscast revealing that Bruce Wayne is dead and then a cut to a video. Batman had recorded in case of his death and what needed to be done in his absence, and then we got to see back girl night wing Red Hood and Robin basically stepping it up to be the new protectors of Gotham from there it looked a lot like a Batman Arkham game which I am. Saying as a complement, each of the four heroes appears to have a distinct set of abilities and are able to drive bat cycles around Gotham. Bad girl seems perhaps the closest to playing as Batman. As we know him in the Arkham Games, a brawler uses a zip line to move around night wing was playable on a few occasions in the Batman Arkham Games and he looks similar here uses batons as weapons. Red Hood. Who sometimes bad guy. But seems to be a good guy in this instance uses guns. He is former Robin Jason Todd who was resurrected, and now you know very angry general. And finally, we saw robin the Tim Drake version. Of Robin, who appears to use a lot of tech gadgets I was certain. We were looking at Damian Wayne Bruce Wayne's biological son during the trailer who is Robin in the current Comic Book Canon. But after the fact, it was made pretty clear that this is Tim Drake. The trailer ended with a tease we have been expecting for long time with the Court of owls taking center stage. We saw familiar locations from the Court of Appeals, comics people wearing court of appeals, masks, and hundreds of coffins that store the immortal superhumans at the Court of Appeals tends to use to do its dirty work. After the trailer premiered, they showed about seven minutes of Gameplay. The game play footage took place about a dozen hours into the game and focused on a part of the story revolving around Mr Freeze we saw back girl wearing a different costume than what was shown in the trailer running around the city, zipping up to rooftops and attacking enemies from above Robin joined her similarly wearing a different outfit than the one seen in the trailer, and they made their way into Mr Freezes. Fort I guess you could say where he had this crazy weather machine going multiple approaches to taking out enemies were shown bat girl was more of a brawler uninterested in a stealthy approach but robin was shown sneaking up on enemies Alford called the duo to give them advice and we also saw and bat girl team up for a single attack it culminated with a boss fight confrontation Mr freeze before too much progress could be made against him. The video came to a close the game going to be an up to two player coop game and will apparently have lots of leveling up options over the course of the game and enemies will level up with you. Implication is you tackle things just about any order as a result if you're level five when you fight freeze, he's level five. But if you love of fifteen, then he is little fifteen in that changes things. Afterward. Zachary Levi. She's Zam himself asked WB Montreal a few questions. They didn't offer a whole lot of additional information. They did say the mystery is bigger than the court of owls though and later it was also confirmed that the game is separate from the Arkham universe it's a standalone new Batman Universe the game is planned for next year I love the narrative conceit of Batman being dead I. Hope they lean into that and it's not just a big endgame twist that he's been alive the whole time I, liked the. Idea of that crew of four trying to figure out how to protect Gotham without Batman I. think that's really cool I. also love the Look of writing the bat cycle through the city and how at least at this point it it does look close to Arkham game play.
What is Judaisms view of Jesus?
"As. We take a look at the Jewish view of Jesus Christ. There is one thing that we know for sure and that is that Judaism does not believe that Christ is the Jewish Messiah. In fact, they believe that is just a fable created by Christianity. Now much of what we see about the Jewish Messiah is from the talent and remember that the time it was something that was written after the time of Christ, and we mentioned in an earlier rap report that it was something that was a redacted work. So therefore, they would edit the later writings of the town would from the earlier and so much of it. Is Responsive and reactionary to the view that Jesus was the Messiah they're reacting to Christianity. Now, they believed that this person who was to be Messiah was known from before the time began, but they believe he was just a human being a human being who is divinely appointed to carry out a special task. They do not believe that he's any supernatural or superhuman deliver. So the one thing that they're all unanimous about when it comes to the comet in all the rabbis is that they are convinced that Jesus Christ could not have been the Messiah. That's one thing. They all seem to agree that there seems to be some differences of who the Messiah would be. and. This is an important point. The differentiates Christianity from Judaism if you won't get more where you can get my book, what do they believe? What do they believe dot com
[AI Futures] Steps Towards International AI Governance - with Futurist David Wood
"So David where I thought we'd start off here is around this broad topic of the governance of artificial intelligence I. think that there's concerns about the near-term around security privacy. There's longer term concerns about becoming more powerful people are thinking about should there be just regional surveys of governing technologies or or is it prudent to really think about global governance GM stance or way that you like to frame that problem? I'm all in favor of some local experimentation I. Think it's appropriate to have some things out to not obvious in advance that we can. Off. The Bat first time get a complete system of regulation. Correct. So I'm in favor of different parts of the globe whether it's the EU whether it's America whether it's China experimenting with a view to. Seeing which rules make more sense which rules viable. However, it has to be a stepping stone to watson envisioned global agreement because people will not surely be loath to commit themselves to that restrictions nationally locally if they perceive thought competition is going to be able to walk without these restrictions and get potential advantage. So we have to move into coast to international agreements to. Many people people are. Fearful of the any prospect of global government they feel that it's going to be d'italia -tarian or inch to wants the. Taliban. But what I will say is that we already have examples of global governance of various things. We have a sports organizations which managed to reach agreement on how the soccer football. World Cup is played. The Olympics Organization makes lots of agreements even though the constituent. Nations have lots of different political viewpoints and lots of different makeup. So there are examples of how useful agreements can be reached even between the ideological opponents. That's what we have to build on. I. Like the idea of local experimentation. It does indeed feel very hard to take a directly to the top okay world. Here's the page we're going to be on in terms of how data's treated or what is allowed to do or not allowed to do that Cetera. How do you see that playing out in terms of? Relative, near-term thinking about obviously the EU is they have their GDP are rules that are coming out. You see new sort of waves of these rules emerging in different countries than some observation by the global community as to how are they shaking out their implications for private sector innovation whether implications for human rights where implications elsewhere and then being able to use those as the experiments to build something more global. Exactly, right and the GDP aw in the EU is very important case point most people of mixed views about the actual implementation we often think, wow, this is clunky. This is A. This is poorly done on the the hind. We have sympathy towards what the rules are trying to do, and we say, yes, it is appropriate. Thought is the right to have an explanation. It's appropriate for people to understand how the data's being used and so on. So we can see that the intent is Goud. If maybe not. One hundred percent in agreement, but it's a starting point, but it is not something that's done once and then finished on the contrary. It's part of what should be an ongoing sequence my lendings in the Business World I spent twenty five years in the mobile technology and smartphones industry that was an industry in which there was a great deal of rapid change, their surprises of a new entrance of disappointments of things going wrong and. Then things going overwhelmingly right. My key lesson from all of that is the importance of agility the flexibility. Of course, you can set the overall long term direction, but you must stay get to that overall target in stages interim as moll steps, a new must be ready to your plan based on what you have lent in what new things become clear that were less clear L. ear on that face so we will get their stage-by-stage. I think politics the world of politics often seems almost like a domain were that innovation where in the private sector let's say is rampant stood to be the only game town isn't the only real game in town in politics to some degree because experimenting with fifty counties in Wisconsin, about how we're going to manage healthcare bills is really hard to do and seems somewhat viable as opposed to. Some big change for the whole state of the whole country and it just Kinda. Gets rolled out. Is there a way to sort foster a greater degree of this experimentation because it feels like at least historically, there have been limits to seeing politics as part of this iteration learning it's more of just clunking inevitability. It's not seen as maybe the global community is not look to aggregate policy as a way for us all to learn for us all to move forward. So ready to encourage that mindset in that learning like you saw in the private sector. One problem with politics is people really like to admit that they will wrong stu really like to have something a defied with them as being a failure whereas in business more people are willing to shrug and say, yes, dot to didn't walk as I expected and you know what analogy I'm wiser. And Business we talk about failing smart failing fast and feeling forward and it sounds like buzzwords. But all three of these things means something particular failing forward in particular means that you don't try and move on quickly and did deny the you ever were associated with such an experiment you say, well, here's what you've learned from it and you use that as a starting point for the next round of experiments but they politicians like to present themselves and we often as voters like to see all politicians is A. Superhuman Infallible Vegas and we need to have a much more human understanding of how politics works. So that's one thing that will help. A second thing that will help is more of a coalition that mentality rather than two different groups WanNa. The right and the other the laughed the Republicans at the Democrats or whatever politics is in my view much healthier when there are multiple different parties involved and where it's quite easy for people to move from one party to another as their owner. Viewpoint changes evolves over the time. So sadly, when two different blocks very adversarial. Limits the ability to have more meaningful and useful discussion. It pushes into their role in mental state as well. It puts into this tribal frame in which we often don't want to say something we think is true because it might be embarrassing for offsides. So instead, we latch onto something that makes the other side look stupid even though we may not fully believe it. So it's a very bad way of having a proper. Discussion. So sometimes I talk about we need more than just democracy. We need a super democracy. We need to learn how to have these discussions in a way that We're happy to admit that we've been wrong with hoppy to admit we've changed our mind after all to court the Economist John Maynard Keynes though he may not actually have said this when the exchange I changed my mind, the
"superhumans" Discussed on Capes and Lunatics
"Where they suggest six thing was killed by Dr. Like Don't believe any of them. You might have took his arm. We didn't take thing. Head cannon forever. So yet, so in this book we have essentially. Elizabeth I! Love about this because we essentially reestablish the future, foundation. because. They're the first family that is what the fantastic for is it a family? And it is a family that adopts. Crazy orphans in. An somehow makes way more wholesome known Bruce Wayne. Does it so anyway so like I was saying With Empire Scientists Point Number Zero. What is really fascinating about it? Is that the fantastic four are a family and they are adapting in. This new group of Superhumans, because of course if you read this book so okay if you haven't read the book. Spoiler for the book. We open up with a with essentially. The grandmaster sister. And you know you've been waiting for all. This is her first appearance or not. We have the profiteer I love her. She's awesome. She is A. She is essentially. A businesswoman all about the business how to make money. And essentially she is created a situation where the crease grow war. will go on forever. Stamps expressly because. As it turns out.
Grant Imahara, longtime "MythBusters" co-host, has died at 49
"Star Grant Imahara has died, according to several reports. The great thing about this test is that the characters are superhuman, not supernatural. They're not vampires. They don't use magic. They don't have telekinetic powers costar Adam Savage tweeted that Grant was a truly brilliant engineer artist in performer, but also a generous, easy going and gentle person. Grant Imahara was 49.
Why has North Korea stopped talking to South Korea?
"We should probably acknowledge upfront. The North Korea throwing a massive tantrum about something or other is as shocking headlines. Go up there with Sun rises. The Democratic People's Republic is indeed readily imagine as a vast fortified Kat. It's missile launchers as angrily flung toys, its occupant, a child who's upbringing was rarely punctuated by the. None. So this week's announcement that north. Korea has abruptly severed all communications with South Korea may seem like no big deal. It may even be no big deal, and yes, these caveats are being inserted up the top, just in case North Korea just as abruptly decided to end it sulk while this explaining is still current. At issue? This time is the pretty long standing practice of defectors who have fled North Korea for. South Korea and activists sympathetic to them of drifting balloons across the inaccurately named demilitarized zone which separates the two countries. The balloons generally carry anti-regime messages, but also also born chocolate bars, US dollar notes and advertisements for the joys and benefits of treacherous, warm, mugging capitalist revisionism. She never. We have made a miniature version of the New Testament and we are sending these over by using balloons. Last year, we sent about sixty thousand copies disabled. We're going to send about seventy thousand copies. To. Don Those pudding recently that. To. In fairness to North Korea, which is not a phrase. One authors often. North Korea does have a case. If your neighbor continually floated blimps over your share fence, which scattered pamphlets declaring that you'll loan was tatty in your bird box was ugly. You'd likely scratch them off your Christmas card list as well. There's also the fact that until as recently as two thousand eighteen. South Korea operated immense banks of loudspeakers along the border which broadcast among other things deafening decibels of K pop into North Korea. In this specific context, the keeping of Kim Jong Hoon thumb off. The Big Red Button appears an active superhuman restraint. That aside, however North Korea has never been famous for its sense of proportion in much the same way that South Korea has never been famous for its non annoying pop music and Pyongyang's response to the balloon issue has been characteristically vituperative. Roden Sinmun the official newspaper of the Central Committee of the workers. Party of Korea and a journal which can be safely seemed to be accurately. Reflecting Pyongyang's thinking has called the balloon senders disgusting riffraff rubbish like Mongrel dogs and human scum has said that the tolerance of their behavior by South Korean authorities has aroused out dismay that one may have lost a few degrees of each and translation and menaced vote. showed them how much price they out to be forced to pay for hurting the holiest. And emotions of our people. There's yards more of this sort of stuff if you're a bit start for distraction. The practical implications of North Korea's latest strop as follows the twice daily calls to the Cross Board Liaison Office in the border city of case Song will cease. No more balling sniffling puppet of American imperial thuggery. How's IT hanging? The channels which allowed the military's of the two Koreas to communicate with each other will also be closed. These strategic upshot of all this from north. Korea's perspective is a little hard to glean. The balloon offensive is not new indeed has been going on for a while. North Korea is clearly choosing to make a thing of it, and as invariably the case with people prone to making a thing of things. If it wasn't this, it'd be something else. In this instance, the significant aspects may not be so much the what as the WHO, or whom whichever is correct, one of the signatures on the new no speaks policy. Was that of Kim Yo Jong increasingly prominent sister of Kim Jong UN, long thought of as a sort of executive assistant to her brother. These last few months have seen Commute Jong increasingly framed as a policymaker, and perhaps given the recurrent speculation about Kim Jong UN's health, they future leader North Korea may be trying to get North Koreans and the rest of the world used to her. And all this could be a pretty standard north. Korean play create. Crisis Demaim concession declare victory, and it's a standard play because it works in diplomacy is in life, the reasonable often defer to the unreasonable as long as it will persuade them to shut up. South Korea has already and with an
Soul Care with Jen Hatmaker
"Our guest today is a gen hat maker. Jen Welcome to forever thirty five. Oh my gosh well. I am just delighted to be her girls. Thank you for having me. We'RE GONNA kick off with your biogen. Is the author of twelve books. That's a lot of books most recently beers and full of fire the guide to be inglorious you jen is also the Creator and happy host. The award winning four the love podcast with John Hat maker. Delighted curator the Jed hat maker Book Club and sought after Speaker who tours the country year speaking to women and she and her husband Brandon founded the legacy collective and they also starred in the very popular series. My big family renovation and your big family renovation. Tv is a mom to five and a resident of Austin Texas where she and her family are helping to keep Austin weird there. It is that there is you got it so go ahead hit a sorry this is this is our talking over each other moment. Doing the podcast remotely. Well Jen worth. Were thrilled to have you. Your book was very timely and touching read it also very funny man there. There were a lot of flagged in folded pages for me personally From and you know we have a question a kick things off with about radical empathy and care because right now especially in our communities things are. There's so much upheaval. So what what does that look like? Do you think within our families and also our communities with people who we may not actually no. It's just such a weird time right now and I one thing that we're sort of figuring out over here at our household is that just living through such an unprecedented moment. Where all of our most of our regular tools are not at our disposal in our communities are activities school. Tra- all the things that we normally do that apart our regular rhythms which keeps his kind of healthy and connected and was virtually all of those guys. You know it's occurred to us that we have to. We can't use the old program in this in this current day and so these times are kind of calling for different measures kind of extraordinary measures when it comes to like mental care and soul care in And so we are. We kind of said in our family guys. Let's get really serious and really specific about what is hard right now. What is hurting? What are we disappointed about? Let's name it. Let's put on the table. Let's not start burying this and then try to just shellac over it and then let's really figure out. How can we meet that? Need in a different way How can we address that pain in the ways that we can address that pain right now and so you know rather than just kind of hoping that somehow soul care and mental care are despoiling? Landon our labs. We're dialing in really hard to every member of the family because we're all really different. You know we've got just so many people here you guys just so many people and and we are all enormous personalities like nobody is quiet in this family. Everybody has huge feelings tons of emotions. Billions of words And so a lot of emotional labor right now not just to figure out what I need a what everybody in the house days is just what it isn't. It's the strangest time in the world. Yes yes and you think you said on a podcast you you live in a small house and you have four kids at home. Yes somebody helped me like who will help me like we live in. A house was built in nineteen eight. So first of all it's just a little old rambling thing and yes We also have to seniors in the house right now. So we've got in college in a senior in high school and so our senior in college packed for five days to come home for spring break and he has not left five days for the staff and so he's here and which is shoved everybody like in every corner right now and in many just managing all those disappointments all those rites of passages that both seniors or missing out on such a bummer. Such a bummer. And this is one thing I told my kids and I'm telling the women in my community to which is jest. I love how my girlfriend? Kristen Howard She's like this is not a good time to sign ourselves up as competitors in the hardship Olympics. Lying really mean like coups hard is harder who status sadder It's just a terrible gain because you know we've got friends with people in a hospital with Kovin but then I've got a senior who doesn't have a prom and their book. It's all sad sad the person so I don't like the competition of who actually gets to say that they're disappointed or sad or afraid or they feel cheated. I also don't like the audible. A picks who is crushing Corentin. Best can't like I'm losing both of those games and I just don't think I don't think they serve US right now. And so I'm really just drawn to superhuman people right. Now that I find vulnerability in and honesty and truth telling trying to be that person to neither rustling people through their pain or fear or diminishing it and also not You heading on display. Like the highlight. Reel of everything. That's right because we're working hard on those things too. I think let's just find this really deeply human path through this together and I think that's really good for everybody.
"superhumans" Discussed on The Lead
"So David the backdrop for this whole series. This whole nine hundred ninety seven ninety eight season. Is this rare situation right. The Bulls have a dynasty and they know that winter lose. This is the end. Ninety Ninety eight cross already said the beginning season and he was never going to be the coach so when it was the last dance it was the last dance. We knew they weren't going to keep your team now from the outside looking in you go well. Look I mean. Look like they could still win another one. So why on Earth wouldn't you at least try? I mean even if you don't get there right I mean so in that sense. Ninety eight was very odd because you looked at this team and you thought it was still vital enough that if they tinkered with a little bit and added some pieces the following year they should still be able to compete. I mean they've got Jordan Pippen. They got Phil Jackson. What else do they really need? You know so that whole year while you knew kind of academically that it was going this was going to be it. You Still Kinda thought emotionally but is it. Somebody's GONNA stand up and go. You know what? Let's try it one more time. Let's just see somebody's going to overrule Jerry? Krause right and as it turns out there was only one guy that could do that. It was Jerry Reinsdorf. And he didn't do it for whatever reason and. I know he's one around telling people that he offered fill the job back after the six championship. I offered them the opportunity to come back. Earned the chance the opportunity to come back regardless of was said before now. But that's nonsense. I mean you're the owner of the team. If you want Michael Jordan back you say Michael Jordan's coming back and you know the circumstance that's going to bring Michael Jordan back in. That's bringing Phil Jackson back. So you go to the gym and say Phil's coming back next year figure it out. Hold a press conference to say. I Know My. Gm said that this is going to be fills last year of overruled him. I won't do that publicly so that everybody knows you're doing you don't do it. Fifteen years after the fact you know so they wanted it over. And that's what happened. Jerry Krause the Bulls. Gm definitely comes across as the villain the villain of the. But do you think that Jerry? Reinsdorf the Bulls owner got off a little easy absolutely absolutely got off. Easy owners can do whatever they want with the team. It's their team. They paid the money. These teams are incredibly expensive and they can do whatever they want. They can fire a coach every year and bring a new coach in or they can hire one coach and came for twenty years. It's their team so own that right literally and figuratively owned that if your GM is being recalcitrant and you WanNa bring the team back get a new GM. You know what I mean like. This isn't hard. Come on big boy sports. You know what I mean. So that's why think reinsdorf gets a pass and I said that while Kraus was alive. I've said since he passed I've written about it before he died have written about it since he died that his job was to take shit for Jerry Reinsdorf. That was his job. You often hear the idea that athletes want to leave the game. When they're at the absolute top and Jordan said something different than that in the final episode of the series then satisfying to leave at your peak. No or is it madden to leaving your is maddening because I felt like could winter a really believe that like all? Great Competitors Season Denial. He convinces himself that he could figure out a way to keep winning. You know it's the same thing that drove Mohammed Ali to fight Larry Holmes when everybody said what are you doing? You're nuts. You can't be Larry Holmes in you figure it out. I'll figure it out in the ring you know and so the great ones always think they can figure it out you know and I'm sure there's a part of him that really believes it you know. He said something very telling near the end. My Passion on the Basketball Court should have been in fiction. Because that's how tried to play. I play for them with hope. Start.
Gender Inequality and Women in the Workplace
"Take a look around you on any given day and it won't take long to notice. Women don't have equal rights but there's one place where we find some of the more shocking examples that's at work statistics candidates with its latest numbers on the gender wage gap college and university graduates. Who are men earned more on average than their female counterparts worth eighty two percent of Canadian women viewed as over bearing if they had a strong opinion at work but on the flip side to that it's eighty seven percent felt men who expressed strong opinions at work are viewed as leaders and confident woman. Now hold twenty. Four percent of senior management positions globally. Those numbers are important because workplace. Equality is what's generally used to measure women's progress and the progress we've made can't be ignored but women still don't earn or own as much as their male counterparts and those positions at the very top of the power structure. Women rarely occupied them even when they do. The same challenges persist this is despite messages of empowerment being touted globally despite women being encouraged to have more confidence and to own their own careers. So what's stopping us from getting to the top and staying there? And how do we change it? I'm Stephanie Phillips in for Jordan Heath Rawlings. This is the big story. Laurent mckeon is the author of no more nice girls a book about gender and power. An excerpt from her book recently appeared in the Walrus island so when we look at statistics of women in power in positions of power in Canada however we represented at the top Not Very well in fact in a lot of industries and spheres of public life We're not really represented at all and I think what makes it. Even more depressing is that you can see the disparity between representations sort of at the middle bottom where women are represented and then when we get to the top you know and they're not so for example thirty eight percent of all. Mba Students in Canada are women which is not parody but is okay but then when you look at Executive positions in Canada fewer than ten percent of women occupy those positions. So we start to see the disparity when we look at government has vote. We are represented among half of the voting population But then you get to the level of MP's for example we see that the number hovers around like twenty five thirty percent of most years and we look historically and only eleven percent of premiers in Canada. Have been women so you know it just once you get to the top. It's like where are we? We're not really there at all. So eleven percent. How many premieres is that actually? Eleven Eleven Hodel not even present so eleven total and the I was not elected until nineteen ninety one and one hundred and fifty years. Yeah those are kind of depressing numbers. So what happens when women do get to the top? Yeah I think we believe that wants women get to the top. You know. We're at the top and we will have the you know the power that we fought for for the C. O. You know we will run the company. People will listen to us. We'll stop having to deal with maybe all the B. S. that we dealt with When we were working our way up but that's not true. We have this idea of a glass ceiling and you know we shut her through it and then we are on the other side but we're not thinking about all the broken glass but still there once we shatter and in fact the stats. Here are pretty depressing. As well. We know that once women occupy the C. Suite their pickup actually widens to sixty eight cents For every dollar a man earns from I believe seventy eight or seventy nine so it. It dips earlier and on top of that. We also know that women like women. Ceo's are significantly more likely to be fired forty five percent more likely to be fired even when they're doing well like especially when they're doing well because it's like oh like well now's the time to get the white dude back in here like you know. Now we can You know really. Innovate and exciting. Again women are also far more likely to get hired when a company is in crisis. So it's forty percent of women are hired when a company is crisis versus twenty percent of men and we could say. Well that's great. That's because we trust women when companies in crisis but is actually a research shows that is actually because it's easier to blame women when things don't turn around and it's easier to replace them when they do so. There's this white savior effect where women people of color are often replaced by the white savior. Who Comes in and saves the company from you know the disaster that they put it in and it's all just smoke and mirrors to kind of maintain the power balances that were used to. Can you talk about more of the double standard between women and men when they're in the are in positions of power? Yeah a lot of women that I spoke to and and the research but you know women that spoke to feel that. They're kind of in the situation where they can't win. And it's sort of this double expectation Particularly when your power and the idea that you're supposed to be nice but not too nice and you're supposed to be you know a boss but not bossie or else you might get called another be word that is not as flattering You know they're supposed to be attractive but not too sexual authoritative but not mean and it kind of just swings back and forth until you're like well. What am I supposed to be like? You know I'm you can't win and you're left to follow this very narrow tightrope that is incredibly easy to fall off of. Yeah it's I think you described it as superhuman almost in your writing right yeah. It's the standards set like no one can live up to that. And you know we've found that when you inevitably don't live up to this impossible standard your judge so much more harshly Then men are in a working environment so I wanted to talk about the pedestrian bridge that collapsed at Florida International University. Can you can you tell me about a bit about that story? Yeah so it was a real story. Yes which and why emphasize that will become important in. Just a few seconds so in twenty eighteen other bridge collapsed and six people died and out of that real horrible incident Sort of this myth grew online until people believed it and it was the mid that an all women engineering team built the bridge and people created fake news actual fake news that spread and they cribbed all of these photos from the actual company that was responsible but from their international women's Day posts so they just pretended and made all these fake sites and links so that it looked like only women worked out the company. Wow and then a lot of people would say like well. That's what happens when you hire female engineers. No wonder they aren't in stem and it wasn't just on the Internet. I would hear this story repeated to me more than a year later or just regular people be like. That's not true. It's not what happened but it shows. I think the power of the kind of societal Gulab. That women are not competent in certain fields in particular he feels that are historically male dominated. I mean this is not the only time women have been blamed for something. That isn't their fault wire. Wire women the scapegoat when things go wrong. You know. I think that were just kind of we're primed for it in a lot of ways like as a society were primed to blame women. We blame mothers when kids do something bad and we you know wives when husbands. Do something bad you know. It's always the story of like well. What did she do to make him do that? You know that kind of a narrative that has persisted in politics and pop culture. You know we look back at history and literature. We're just so predisposed to do it when someone nudges us there we go the whole way. And then how does that play out for women? Who are in positions of power. What does that look like at the top were often really adverse to the idea of women in power and you know for a lot of people that I spoke to who you know started thinking about this or maybe changed the way. They approached power and leadership for them. A big moment in history was Hillary Clinton's loss and the polls expected that she was going to come out ahead. You know everyone thought it would be okay. Even though is seeing the herring that she took in the press and sort of the the hate that was happening on social media and and then you know she just became like this ultimate person. Who CAN'T DO ANYTHING RIGHT? You know. It was criticized when she got emotional. She was criticized when she was powerful. Choose was criticized for what she was wearing issues to five hundred masculine and she wasn't perfect of course but she became This symbol for everything like we don't like about women in power and when they get to the top they topple you know they become such a target That people just work very hard to take them down right. So can you explain the he skilled? She's lucky phenomenon. Yeah there's this phenomenon that researchers I've done what you just said that he's skilled. She's lucky and is this tendency that we have to would may look at men and women empower you know and whether that's in a very public position or maybe just like in in our own small company were man's promoted or women has been promoted and we tend to fall back into these very stereotypical traditional narratives. Which are like well. He got there because he's so good at this one account or he really killed this project and of course he deserves to be there and if it's a woman we say well she's lucky is probably because she's attractive or you know she was really nice to the boss or like and it. Kinda just goes from there. But it's not just other people that follow this narrative women fall into this narrative. Allot to you'll hear and that's part of how the term got coined because you'll hear a lot of women. Researchers have heard a lot of women that they interviewed like. Ceo's people in powerful positions when they're asked how they got there. Just had this like really lucky break. I was really lucky to be in the right place at the right time and you know kind of fell my way when I got really lucky with this one piece of success we ha- we buy into the narrative to in it. It perpetuates it. Gotcha I WANNA get more into that in a bid but I. I don't want to ignore the intersection of race and gender here so what happens to a woman of color who has the same qualifications as an a woman with a so called white name? Who's applying for the same job right? Power is so layered and our perceptions of power and who deserves to be empower and who's skilled and not lucky really becomes more complicated
Who Is Isaac Levido?
"At the end of this month. The United Kingdom will leave the European Union and in so doing fulfill the key election pledge of conservative prime minister. Boris Johnson. To you get brexit done. We have followed that. He's paralyzed blocked. Dinner Lean capable of functioning as Anaconda that swallowed the neither moving one way on the other. He's lean except of course that brexit will not get done on January thirty first Brexit exit will not get close to done on January thirty first if and when Brexit can truly be said to have got done it will be still further pointless tedious Diaz wasted years from now but none of this matters to the Prime Minister and party. Who promised to do it? What does matter at least to them is that they won a thumping majority in last month's general election for that the Tories Oak considerable thanks and have doubtless already paid considerable? Money to a rashly officially beaded thirty something from Port Macquarie New South Wales who served as the Party's campaign director. His name is Isaac Lovato. It is. It's always hard to know how much credit to extend to such figures. Strategists spin-doctors string-pullers special advisers. It seems reasonable to assume the people capable of subtly manipulating public opinion in favor of their paymasters Also able to cunningly inflate their own reputation for being able to do so but there is little doubt that Levino presently basks in the warmest regard of the recently returned conservatives Dominic Cummings Boris orest Johnson's senior adviser and a man not known for self deprecation in much. The same way that circles are not known for being square has described Libido As a hundred times better at running campaigns than me so who exactly is is a collado and how did he get here. La Vida learned his trade from his fellow. Australian Lynton Crosby a veteran political strategist. Who has made something of a speciality of coordinating somewhat belligerent and populist campaigns for parties wrightwood of center in Australia and elsewhere though crosby's record in the UK is not one of unalloyed success excess? He did twice help. Boris Johnson get elected mayor of London no small accomplishment in a city not generally hospitable to conservatives Isaac veto worked on Crosby's twenty seventeen general election campaign for Theresa May an enduring. Listen perhaps in what not to do as a nation. We face the most important potent five years. I can remember. That is why I took the decision to call a general election so that we have a strong and stable leadership we need old to see us through brexit and beyond but La Vida made his name properly back in Australia in two thousand eighteen where he served as deputy director of the Liberal Party party. Australia's annoyingly named Conservative Party in May two thousand nineteen the Liberals led by incumbent. Prime Minister Scott Morrison steeled themselves also a general election which nobody believed they could win. With the apparent exception of Isaac La Vida veto helped create a strategy which relied on a ruthless roofless focus on the merits of the prime minister such as they were the shortcomings of the opposition leader and brutally simple messaging. It was a template readily adaptable optimal to Boris Johnson. Jeremy Corbyn and getting brexit done as is proper for a habit to of the shadows. LA- Vito has done little press press and let little be known about him. The impression conveyed by colleagues however is far from that of a fire breathing bully reports to Picton Ernest. Decisive voices won't see working eighteen hour days and maintaining a clear focus on what is required for victory undistracted by the gaffes bloopers or short circuits of the candidate which in a campaign for Boris Johnson must require a superhuman serenity libido and his pair of young New Zealander Digital Gurus. Ben guerin and Sean topping also understood that social media campaigns need to be effective rather than outwardly sophisticated. They were clearly on embarrassed to be seen pushing what looked to anybody but angry. Daily Mail reading pensioners like absurd amateurish. Nonsense Libido was not however shy about removing other senior Tories from the spotlight. At the end of Shepherd's Crook early in the campaign at related would housing and Mannequin Jacob. Rees Mogg intoned some ill-advised remarks about the victims of the two thousand seventeen grenfell tower disaster. I think if either of us were in a fire whatever the brigade said we would leave the burning building. It just seems the common sense thing to do and it is such a tragedy that that didn't happen but I didn't do with race or class. Rees MOGG has has bailey been heard from since and for that much. Even the most ardent remainder should extend Isaac La Vida Victory Chewed
"superhumans" Discussed on PodcastDetroit.com
"To the sound reflected off awesome so he can walk around with a cane. He can ride his bike along. The street unfortunately apparently could not detect the cancer that was growing in his body and so he died in two thousand nine at the age of sixteen. Wow Age of what sixteenth. 'cause I'm looking at a picture of him. He looks like he's forty. He was came gene. Jesus died sixteen. WILL ECHO location time. There's Calvin Heaton H.. Well looks like your standard. Thank you sir. So then you've gone cut Tim Cridland. WHO's a gentleman who has and this is another chilly evolutionary? But he's trained himself years to overcome any use this talent to now entertain people performing under the stage name Zamora the torture King. He routinely sticks skewers through his face and limbs inspire swallows swords and constantly cut in half with a broad soared. Deadpool but none of it. I don't know if you'll any that he's probably just. There is a genetic. There is a genetic condition. It's also super rare. Where but Yeah we're my were. My mom works. There was a kid that like they had to like. Watch like a hawk because they would injure themselves and just be like no train. Yeah you said he trained for the shop mattering natural ability for Rei. Oh yes so there are people that ball eastern mystics. Is I think the way they used to call it. That would train to not feel right heel pain and they would move the pain organs to different parts of their body. Also certain things that you do you look at it goes. That's gotTa hurt. That doesn't what I was in college. College there was a one of our guys who basically the head chef of the cafeteria worked in. When I was putting myself in college he and his girlfriend liked to go oh to events where they would put hooks through your skin data suspension? Yes you don't feel it. You don't feel it when young and I've never done it but I'm saying erased events that have done it and go wait really don't because it's going going through. Yeah no no. I'm not going to do it but no our mind looks at it and goes you have hooks through your skin. That obviously hurts. I just takes us to look. He's he's also known as much Mr Daul. Aw so this land. So he's he's like his arch enemy because dude can literally eat up. He can eat. CUT BICYCLES ICICLES shopping carts electronics glass. This guy was on police. Believe it or not He was he even ate a small airplane even as small air. It took him two years to finish the meals. I know you gotta eat the Grizzle.
Strategies for Eating Healthier
"Hello and welcome to the nutrition diva podcast. I'm your host Monica Rheingau and week I'm reviewing some brand new research on the types of strategies that are most effective in changing people's behavior for the better so if you've ever struggled to change the each season of knowing host Christie West Guard will take you for an inside look at an iconic entertainer the first season is all about Robin Williams in this short eight episode autobiography you'll hear never before heard interviews from people who worked with Robin and knew him best and you'll hear from comedians like Gilbert Gottfried and Chris get hard about how Robin inspired them to push the boundaries of comedy listen for a moving portrait of an unforgettable icon just search for knowing colon robin Liam's on your favorite podcast APP could your eating habits be a little better well you're in good company despite decades of haranguing by parents health professionals government agencies and podcasters the average American is still taking in too much sugar too many highly processed foods and too few fruits and vegetables we're taking in too many calories and too few nutrients as a result we tend to be both overweight and undernourished the causes of these dietary indiscretions are well documented the proliferation of cheap high-calorie Hyper Palatable Food and beverages as well as the normalization of huge portion sizes and constant snacking have created an environment and culture in which it takes superhuman hurt and willpower to not overeat the question is how do we change all this put calories on restaurant menus hide the ice cream in the the freezer served dinner on smaller dinner plates post healthy eating messages and cafeterias break rooms and on our refrigerators at home you name it someone has tried it and many of these strategies work at least a little but are any of them really making a dent what are the most effective ways to encourage healthy behaviors that will ultimately result in improved health a pair of French researchers Roman KC and Pierre Shangdong set out to find out the identified ninety six different research studies that employed various strategies for nudging people toward healthy choices and they compared there else to determine which seemed to be the most effective for this particular study the researchers calculated how each nudge impacted total calorie intake. now. Admittedly reducing calories is not the only way that a nudge might improve your nutrition but with obesity being such a primary concern it's certainly relevant and this metric does allow us to compare the effects of a lot of different types of interventions a nudge in this case was defined as any that altered people's behaviors without outright forbidding something or using economic incentives for example if an employer wanted to incur urge their employees to drink less soda and more water they could remove all the soda from the vending machines or double the price of the soda so that the bottled water it was much cheaper but neither one of those would be nudges a nudge is something that influences the choices that you make or in the language of the researchers alters the choice architecture without removing your ability to make or afford a different choice and the researchers found that none She's divided themselves into three categories cognitive strategies try to affect what you know they aim to make you think a bit more before making yourself election or taking a bite cognitive nudges include things like adding calorie counts to restaurant menus or in the case of our employer who wants their employees to drink less soda a cognitive nudge might be to hang a poster next to the soda machine showing how much sugar is in a twenty ounce bottle of soda and other type of cognitive nudge is using logos or icons to identify healthier choices so putting a heart icon on high fiber cereals or a little Broccoli icon next to lower calorie menu items would both be examples of this type of nudge over the past tanner twenty years a lot of energy and money has been invested in cognitive dodges like adding calorie counts two menus and changing the way calories are displayed unpackaged foods unfortunately of all the three types of ages. Cognitive strategies are the least impactful in terms of average impact on calorie intake cognitive nudges reduced typical intake by about six fifty four calories per day the second category of nudges our affective strategies these try to change the way you feel about food or behavior without necessarily changing what you know affect of nudges include applying appealing words and images to healthy choices instead of offering you aside of carrots I might offer you citrus infused glazed spring carrots on a menu I might include beautiful photographs of the Salads but not the fried foods another type of affect of nudge is known as the healthy eating call this is when a sign or a server suggests that a certain choice is more desirable would you like to split a desert with the table or we can substitute a salad for the fries if you prefer or are pasta also comes in half portions instead of trying to inform you about the nutritional attributes of a food affect of strategies focused on making certain foods more desirable or influencing how you feel about a certain choice these appeals to the senses the emotions are somewhat more effective than appeals to reason in terms of reducing calorie intake affect nudges are almost twice as impactful as cognitive ones reducing energy intake by about one hundred thirty calories a day or about seven point five percent as you may have guessed by now the third category of nudges turned out to be the most effective of all and tell you all about what that was right after this break to thank our sponsors support for today's show comes from bare minerals creators of clean beauty bare minimum else believes in pure formulation and uncompromising performance they believe that make up and skin care should make your skin better not just better looking bare minerals damn the clean beauty revolution in nineteen ninety-five with their best selling original foundation it offers creamy lightweight coverage that's naturally luminous the clean formula things only five ingredients all minerals including non-chemical SPF protection it's makeup so pure you can sleep in it the bare mineral formula those are clean without compromise and they're all one hundred percent cruelty free so upgrade to clean beauty products use the foundation finder at bare minerals dot com to find perfect match and first time customers get fifteen percent off with the Promo Code diva that's bare minerals dot com Promo code diva for fifteen percent off your first just bare minerals the power of good today's episode was also supported by molecule molecule is re imagining the future of clean air starting with the air purifier molecule destroys indoor air pollutants at a molecular level removing them from the air that you breathe the technology has been verified by science but most importantly it's been tested by real people molecule has offered asthma and allergy sufferers around the country and all new experience one moore even said she was able to breathe through her nose for the first time in fifteen years and now molecule offers their breakthrough pico technology across a wide range of advocation solutions for your entire home for ten percent off your first order of an air purifier visit molecule dot com and enter diva ten checkout that's M. O. L. E. K. U. L. E. Dot Com and your code is diva ten the third category of nudges our behavioral strategies these try to change what you do without necessarily affecting what you know or what you feel in fact behavioral nudges can function without you even being aware of them one popular category of behavioral nudge is making the healthy choice the easy choice for example placing green salads in convenient grab and go containers at the center of the store but having the fried chicken in the back of the store we have to wait in line line for a Deli worker to quit it in a container for you another example of this type of behavioral nudge is to put the vegetables and the grilled salmon and other healthy items beginning of a buffet line and the less nutritious items like biscuits or macaroni and cheese at the end when you have less room on your plate third category of behavioral nudges is to use smaller plates and containers for calorie dense foods like pasta chips or soda and larger plates and containers healthier lower calorie dishes like salads vegetables water and cut fruit as you've probably anticipated the behavioral nudges were the most effective of all overall they reduced calorie intake by more than two hundred calories or twelve percent and in particular changing the size of the portions and the Oh now have been where we've been investing most of our resources it turns out that when it comes to making healthier choices knowing more doesn't always translate into doing better but we are powerfully impacted by ease and convenience
What BERT is Not
"Need of psycholinguistics diagnostics language models but before we get directly into that I'd love to know a little bit about your background and especially what someone in the linguistics department thinks about all the things that one might classify as computer science every bit of a diverse interdisciplinary background I originally was indicated in linguistics and Psychology Human Governor Science I worked in neuro imaging and after getting my PhD I moved fairly heavily into the computer fiction and computational modeling of commission as well I am a linguist but I have a perspective that definitely has spent a lot of time within the middle of what's going on in NLP for the past five or ten years my perspective is is quite interdisciplinary in that regard will five or ten years has been kind of magic time period in NLP much of that did you anticipate when you started this journey. I don't know that I could have antipated it when I started I was really just getting my sea legs and getting a sense of what was I think it's definitely been very exciting to see what is happening with the rise of deep learning with the rise of models like bird that make use of pre-training have very impressive perform prince across a wide range of tasks but what's also exciting for people who like myself are interested in better understanding how these models work is the challenge of taking blackbox very complex models like these end trying to find ways to illuminate what's going on inside of them and also to find effective ways of assessing how good they really are at what we might think of it is language understanding he's been coming up internally with some of its own diagnostics as you mentioned a lot of those benchmark tests but how many of the tools we be overlooking or ones that the linguistics world already has that we ought to be applying it's not to say that the diagnostics that already exist within an LP are not valuable of course and there are many people already in NLP who have been turning to linguistic type linguistic diagnostic subtypes. But yeah absolutely I think what you're getting at is as we find in this paper there are a lot of very valuable characteristics to tests from psycholinguistics because of the fact that cycling West in cognitive scientists engage have spent many many decades already studying blackbox system namely the brain to try to understand what it is representing language at the given time in how it's doing that better understanding those underlying mechanisms so there's a lot of potential there for drying that area that has been designed to carefully target these types of questions and applying them to talk system like in NLP system deep learning system to try to ask similar types of questions about what those systems no speak so most of the headlines about brag about all of these benchmarks breaking out of box can you tell me a little bit about some of the benchmarks that it struggling with there are a variety of different bird has been tested on many many many different benchmarks and I'm certainly not familiar with all of the different tasks that it's been tried on but there are certainly I think some of the most striking results that people have shown tend to be those were they test with adversarial inputs such as bird is not able to respond effectively to those types of inputs or show that despite the fact that bird is performing quite well on the benchmark on its face if you show how the model is really solving that problem it ends up being that it's exploiting cues in the benchmark that allow it to perform well without really surly needing the types of information that benchmark is designed really to test for so you have examples for instance like despite the fact that bird has performed very well on Intel mark if you tested on examples that exploit cues that the researchers hypothesized may be what the the model is is in fact using they show that they can get the model down to about zero percent accuracy by exploiting the types of cues in using them against Bert. I definitely want to unpack a lot more of the challenges you put two birds before we get deep into that I want to give it one more compliment as you point out in the paper it does have a very strong association for nouns with a hyper names for those all of us who don't have our linguistics definitions ready at hand could you share what that is and how demonstrates itself hyper names represent a higher level Gauri that a given noun as part of for instance a robin is a bird and a a poodle is a dog one of the surprising areas that burt was kind of failing was an understanding negation could you give a quick example of that one of the most striking results that we found was that burt failed completely to show a generalized full understanding of the meaning of negation within the context of the sensitivity tests that we applied we had sentences like a robin is a and then we look it how burt would do in predicting the next word and what probabilities it would assigned to different words in that context we also added negation we said Robin is not a so once you add a not there is not a blank the true continuations reverse because the things that robin is not the opposite of thinks that robin is and humans obviously know this and this is what constitutes an understanding of negation knowing how it changes the proper continuations what we found with Bert intesting it's assignment of ability to words is that if we compared its probability assignment to a word that was a true continuation with the negation with a word that was true continuation without the nation it I heard the word that was the true continuation without the negation in both cases so to give a specific example if you give it a robin is a and then you see how much likes the word food versus how much it looks the word tree it always prefers the word bird even if it's creating a sentence that's untrue like a robin is not a bird so I would call all that a rather simple example almost probably one a young child would be capable of filling in this conundrum because bird on one hand is awesome it's certain asks but then surprising to me that fails on this one I mean maybe I could understand it from an point of view but it seems like an easy task to a human where does this leave you you in in your perception of how advanced or a on the path towards Agi something like bird is absolutely. I think that it's an important sanity check in it's a useful type of thing to be able to identify because of the fact that bird does perform so spectacularly well in so many benchmarks sometimes with superhuman performance it leads us to really need to wonder how good is this model really if we can't find limitations to the model has it really solved natural language processing has really reached superhuman level language understanding I think the most researchers are fairly clear on the fact that this is not the case in that this is a limitation in our benchmarks but it's very useful to be able to identify a very basic limitation like this and it's limitation that makes a lot of sense if you think about the way that these models are trained as I mentioned in the paper if you think about language models they're trained to be able to predict words in context that's their job and with negation there's not necessarily a clear prediction that you can get from a sentence like a robin is not a very very many things that robin is not so that makes perfect sense that language model might struggle with picking up on a meaning like that so being able to find a limitation like this one that we can explain fairly straightforwardly given the way these models work kind of helps us does ground ourselves in his the beginning I hope of many more clarifications that will be able to find in terms of the linguistic capacities that these models really have in tandem of course people are working on examining the benchmarks that we have identifying which accused burt is exploiting in and things it really is actually able to use in a in a deep way from having learned that linguistic capacity during pre-training
Another day, another huge Pixel 4XL leak (The Daily Charge, 9/12/2019)
"Today on the daily charge spotify knows where you live intendo switches new fitness accessories and holy guacamole the Google Pixel four has leaked again daily charged. It's Thursday September twelfth actor Ktar on Alfred and here today story. You're not gonNA believe this guy's the Google Pixel four has apparently leaked again. I'm talking about photos that look like they were taking on a potato one videos in HD the other is in four K we get full looks at the white one black one and the coral version of the four XL L. The colors are limited limited to the back panel. The edges in front are black. That's Square camera. Bump is black on all three so you're going to see it. At the end of one video we get to see a full info on the camera hardware and camera samples night sights seems to be better on the four. Xl The four K. video showed up the phone and we get suspects inside is a snapdragon fifty five processor with six gigs of Ram Alfred. Do you think these videos are the real deal or is this one giant elaborate hoax folks. I mean if it's the latter this gives a lot more attention to the pixel for than I've ever cared about rather than I would hope that some companies smart enough out there to do like some kind on a guerrilla marketing campaign as opposed to come to our event everybody where everyone will be carefully tailored at I. This is a much better approach. More companies should take notice and just have it leak out every time I would love to see a reveal video at the pixel four reveal where they actually like remove the backdrop all these leaked videos like Google offices just kind of goofing around because that would be kind of a new way to get attention because these leaks are piling up. He says he just really bad photos and far away video radio but these things are full on almost tours of the devices. I'm getting a lot more attention than the actual event like happen. I welcomed welcome this new version of hyper training. This is what you want. Yes just do that. Don't make people fly across the country and commandeered dumb events and then have bloggers clapped there for no reason reason the event is rumored to be October fifteenth so we've got a month is three days of that just just do one intendo directors with like the videos just everything then ten rows and do that for their events. France they don't even they barely show up to eighty three definitely a different approach. Maybe we'll find out this is all Google's doing next up. spotify is now asking for location occasion data from its users seems kind of strange for a music APP Alfred. You wrote the story. What can you tell us yeah so spotify started on September fifth basically weekly asking for location data. If you're on a family plan so that's the family plan is fifteen dollars for six people and they wanna do that to avoid abuse because they they think that families should all you have to be under one roof for the family plan but for spotify yeah for six people can say hey we're family. If you go to college and you're part of a family take away spotify said you can use our our student plan for that so they they want it specifically for people in the same house why I asked about you know because like obviously really not all families like live together all the time but they they are worried about people who pretend to be families and say like hey our family only pay like two fifty for spotify instead of what it's like ten dollars a month instead if if you're paying for like normal premium so they're worried about abuse like that the problem with privacy the concerns is spotify and it's fine print says they'll be checking from time to time not exactly saying when they're going to be checking for your location data which has some people riled up about you know. Why do you really need my location like more than once or anything like that. So what if you accept the location data thing in the beginning and then you turn off the location settings for that APP spotify stop working at some point. It's unclear so they in terms of services. They said they cancel it if they suspect effect any kind of fraud or abuse but it doesn't really mention like how often they're gonna be policing it or anything like that. Sounds strange got to define a family under a roof. I think I've the court cases about this. This is a whole other mess thank spotify at finally. Nintendo announced new accessories for the Nintendo switch. One is called the Rincon. The other is called leg strap attach joy. CONSTA- both then you strap on the leg strapped hold the Rincon. This is how you control the new ring fit adventure game to move in the game you jog in place other functions use the Rincon. The accessories will be sold with the game as a bundle and it's coming October. Alfred wasn't intendo always want people to get up off the couch. I think because Nintendo wants to be the new tai-bo they WANNA billy. I was just watching that video and look at that like I'm. I'm expecting you know workout. DVD's training videos they're gonNA raise a whole army of buff kids like based off Nintendo switch either that or they they are super into getting kinky like you've seen the strap I mean come on guys yeah so when it comes to Nintendo getting into buff children as you put it. They've tried this with the we and we had an army of super children that happened and then the we you that tanked. There's six superhumans yes. They could have had it if if people actually bought the we you it seems Nintendo hasn't tried to do this kind of motion control back on the switch yet because it was really popular on the we it was good on the we you even that that was not very well selling console. You think this is going to be the start of more of these motion based Games back on the switch they did. I mean one of the first Games was one to switch where a lot of it was motion control. They had that like like wild west shooting game and the cow milking one fitness games not so much by I think it'll be more of like a one and done with this one. I don't think it'll be like lavaux where they're like releasing like multiple versions of every now and then which is another way that they've been trying to use. He's like motion sensor stuff the ringling it seems kind of weird. I want to know how much cost like if it's pretty cheap I can imagine it taking off in a way but the way it is now. I I don't really know I'm looking at these things. These devices just seems like all right. Can I use this with a switch late probably not unless I get another set of joy cons also so who's GonNa try a fitness game on a five inch also. Just give us another weep taxing like what everyone I want us. We sports resort back yeah. That's what I want. Make it happen but the daily charge which I might as actor I'm Alfred. Thanks for joining us.
Elon Musk hopes to put a computer chip in your brain
"Buddy Elon Musk because it's always fun to talk about Elon Musk and this time the man wants to put a computer in your brain this past Tuesday Tuesday night at a presentation at the California Academy of Sciences Elon Musk announced the first initiative from his company called Neuro Link and guys. It's GonNa blow your minds got it okay. Here's what it it's it's a tiny computer chip that musk envisions will be stitched to our brains by a robot Adam Rogers our colleague at wired covered this for us and he has all the details. Adam writes that the chip is custom built to receive and process the electrical action potentials that signal activity in the neurons in your brain then the chip is connected to wires that embedded to your brain tissues received these spikes and a robotic sewing machine is what puts those wires there with quote unquote enviable precision. So what does this actually supposed to do. Basically it would turn your brains activity to machine readable code that a computer can understand and when you think about it there are lots of noble or helpful ways in which this could be used as Adam points out <hes> even if this does seem like the neural lace of science fiction nightmares it's like you could. I don't know something like this could help a blind person see or could help person control their prosthetic from their mind. The thing is though that this is going to inevitably take a while musk says he hopes to have this in a human patient by the end of next year. Lots of tests are going to happen. I other companies like facebook have been working on some kind of mine. Reading Technology Darpa has been funding brain computer interface research since the nineteen seventies <hes> now Adam does point out that the neural inc product revealed by musk does take this a seemingly different technical direction in some way but I think is if to say it might still be awhile before we see some effort like this come to fruition yeah and this estimation that he's going to have this in in human clinical trials within the next year seems completely bogus completely completely it was interesting to see at this event yuan announced that they had begun work in primates studies and the seemed to not just surprise the audience but in fact his team who seemed a bit like Whoa were. We supposed to talk about that <hes> because up until this point they've done some studies in rodents which you know any science reporter will tell you doesn't really show a lot about efficacy or safety <hes> so it seems like the timeline of the trials is very very off but what I find so interesting about neural link. Is that like many other <hes> Breen computer interface start ups Yulon's idea is that this isn't ultimately four people who are dealing with brain injuries right. He has his idea that originally it will be used for people who have paralysis or perhaps people who are quadriplegics just sort of connect parts of their brains that have become disconnected from the rest of their body but ultimately he sees this as a way to make us superhuman away way to tap into the brain as like a human A._p._i..
"superhumans" Discussed on The Naked Scientists
"Suddenly sounds stressful. We've had this excellent suggestion from Evan. You're on forum who said could've propeller plane with its lowest speed be more maneuverable for flying into the eye of a hurricane. But what the experts think Dr Anna young of the Witter Lebar tree at the university of Cambridge specializes in gas turbine, era dynamics. Well, there are two different types of that craft engine. The smallest low-tech coughed have a propeller powered by piston in much like the engine in your call the problem with these engines is that they hope fly very high over. Fos so most planes, a pound by Toubon engines, and what we call jet engines, the Jess engine, then has a couple of different types tub appropes whether Toubon engine power propeller and tub funds where the tub on powers of fun. You'd normally see tub I found on the large passenger plane on tub, I pro- pull a small plane. So both by props antibi- funds. Get that power for Toubon is just in the case of tub. I pro- it powers propeller in front of the engine. And in the tub, I found it was a fun inside the engine. So what about planes used for research into hurricanes to they use tebow props tab? I fans a lot of the plane used the hurricane measurements have Taiba pro pensions. So they do have tensions. They just don't have tub. I found engines the reason Taiba props used those planes is simply then more efficient flight speeds. You don't need to fly a false when you're just doing short domestic flight, and that's the same. When you popping into your local hurricane. If you flying through a hurricane the advantage of flying slow is that you can spend longer inside the hurricane taking measurements. There is also safety on Jin, not flying more slowly stop it safer when you're being bashed about by the wind, but there's also a second benefit of using tap. I prop engine in a really gusty environment like a hurricane. And that is that the propulsion from the propeller is independent of the power created by the tug on engine. This is important because really big gusts or side-winds can cause the propeller Letaba probe will the fan in the tub. I found to stole so mainly hurricane scientists. He's tub crops because that better suited for the kind of flight space. They won't but there is also a potential safety voltage. They you have it. No need to get in a spin next time. We'll be fetching the onset of this question from Dottie. If you look at a great day, and then you look at Chihuahua. They also different. Do we know if a great day meeting Chihuahua recognize it as a -nother dog? Well, let's like winnow barking up the wrong tree with that one. If you know the answer get in, touch, it's Chris out the neck. It's onto Komi can also rush on our forum Nike scientists dot com for slash forum or tweet at Nike scientists now before we leave you this week. We'd just like to bring up odd. Dona drive. We're trying to raise fifty thousand pounds by Christmas to support the program on it's hard working stuff. So we've got to three thousand pounds or thereabouts. And we let very big thank you to some special people. They are pull Peter David water Simon Daniel, Jeff, Bruce, Don, Rick. They were biggest say fall. Thank you very much. Indeed, we're really grateful, and as a special treat, we'll say one lucky person he donates this week copy of Roan hoop is new book
"superhumans" Discussed on The Naked Scientists
"So you have a little tent in the middle of the track. You can cruel off go into the tent and then just get up and carry on running. So they basically have a few hours sleep now. And again, and the winner is the person who's run. In the furthest in six days, and she ran three hundred seventy miles more than fourteen marathons. Yeah, apps strode me. And you'd won't pasta on the street. And you wouldn't think there's a superhuman? And this is what I think Sommese mouth. She's not like a superhuman. We might think from the COMEX that she has this incredible in a fire and kind of meditative power that makes a carry on. She just keeps going to spend six days in the ten. So yeah. What really can you nail down make someone a superhuman? They will tend to have a sense of optimism, and a can do attitude, and it kind of dedication to what they do. And they love what they do as well. So for the rest of us trying to think how can I be a bit battery my life. Really good thing is not to do things. You don't really love. It sounds stupid. But I think of do things we don't love we might stay in jobs. We don't love or play an instrument or do sport that we don't really love it doesn't suit us. So I think the take. Messy really is to find something you actually really liked doing. Because all the people I met who got to the top of the game who the best in the world that that particular trait or -bility they really love that doing. And I think that's a great Tyco message. Right. So yeah, not like me if I wanted to become superpower just do something. I love yet. Do something you love. Okay. Let's limit hit. You know, we you might not become superhuman that you'll certainly get better something it's the same in athletics. The people who get gold medals often. They've tried many different sports at an early age before they find the one that they've actually gone to become a medallist for the ones don't get medals tended to be ones who specialized earlier in a sport. And didn't try other sports as they were growing up and training. So try different things. And till you find the one that's right for you. Would you say that there is a genetic component? I don't think I would ever be good at the high jump, for example. Well, yeah, I mean for something like the high. Jump told people a better an is this a big genetic component to height, but more generally the absolutely as genetic component to expertise. You're gonna need a genetic leg-up. And what's also interesting is it turns out from genetic studies we've found now, but the amount people practice something by itself is genetic. We know people who've got real fire in that that it real dedication. They get up in the morning doing something. They learned something. They don't give up that kind of attitude self seems to have a genetic component. And given that there is this genetic component. Given that humanity is constantly pushing ourselves doing these crazy things running six days. Do you think that with as a species getting more more super? Makes sense. Yeah. I do we we all we all getting better. If you look say what the average person could do a hundred or two hundred years ago with Besson now, we're getting incrementally better. And I think there's a lot more potential left Innis. There's a lot more things we can do a lot more. So I think what's what's really interesting with by far from the end of fulfilling our potential as a species loads more we can do. So no need for crisp tackle anything. Like that. Just do what you love and become a superhuman in your own special way. Thank you so much to all of us superstar guests this week. That was right when Hooper Kevin more, bobbers hockey and sorry Bowers and to finish this week. It's time for question of the week over to Eva Higginbotham who's been having a will this one. Hello, make it scientists Weinstein's. My question to the team as why jet engines, the type you see on almost every commercial airplane with the large Ford facing fan blades are not used on the airplanes that's sent to investigate hurricanes. These still use propellers will be that. These may be driven in some way by jet engine is it that propeller engines are safe AIG high stress situations well flying into a hurricane..
"superhumans" Discussed on The Naked Scientists
"The have been a few examples no in humans, but you sort of occasionally see these stories, so I think there was one awhile ago about and cats where they put these green fluorescent protein from jellyfish into cats. It was a proof of principal study. Really? And there is a scientific use for that kind of technology going. Kittens is probably not the actual output that you want in terms of humans. I think it's going to be a little bit more complicated than that. I think there are many men who'd like to look Tapie McGuire. I don't think we're going to get that just yet in you going to be swinging from building to building maybe more Jeff Goldblum fly. Do you think there's a also risk with this? We don't know what sits in the gene pool because then may well be traits in the gene pool the face value. Look initially disadvantageous, but then when considered in other circumstances may carry a benefit, and I'm thinking, for instance, the cystic fibrosis, gene, we now understand carriers of that low risk of catching diseases like typhoid, and if we were to screen out everybody, here's a carrier cystic fibrosis, we would potentially not have that resistance against typhoid. It's one example of many. But is that a danger? If we if we go thinking what we want all these traits. Actually, we might be losing some very important ones. I think that's absolutely right, jeans, and genetics are very complicated network and say while we can identify one gene is having an impact on something. If you start changing, it may have downstream effects, we on currently where of and so I think while they will be some cases where the trade off is is worth it in terms of enhancement. I think it's It's a way. always going to be complication that you're always gonna have these side effects that you you don't. But if you won't, but yet we started with a clip of that person injecting themselves with Krista, maybe not the best idea. They have a habit and Kevin let depend you back in here because you experimented on yourself. Essentially what you notice about that. Like, how did you feel about trying something out for the first time on your body? It's dangerous and one of the reasons for drawing on myself was in case something went wrong. If it goes right of goes Babel's. I everyone knew you'd be able to do this. If it goes wrong than people's I wasn't need yet. Getting it wrong that but also I wanted to experience if myself that was important as well, you comfortable with this Bubba. Well, it's always a worry when people are experimenting on themselves. I mean, obviously, Kevin took the procedure to go through ethics and so forth. But a lot of people who are essentially putting themselves online doing these things don't go through those sorts of procedures. And also, I mean, I. Find you know with people Frincis since buying these cognitive enhancing smart drugs. Buying them over the internet. You really don't know what you're buying it could be anything size advise. But the reason I offered that is because people are using the drugs. That's because they regard them as pretty much Derrida will once things start become liable Kevin's doing a bit more Deridder people were just start doing that too. And they said will end up with mental importance drug implants movie doing crisper s time. Well, you know, I'm I'm all for safe enhancement, but on the other hand as we discussed one also wants to look at what the drive is office -ociety..
"superhumans" Discussed on The Naked Scientists
"Stick around. We'll be coming back to you later in the program. Listen to this. This is reg. Modify muscle, g jeans. Gimme bigger muscles. The nationally hurt that much. All right there. We go. We have with the sarin bows is the policy late the Wellcome. Trust Sanger institute. What's she going on there? This is a man who decided to inject himself with crisper, which is Jeanine medicine tool in order chain Hanff is muscle function. I think it was pretty much bit of a gimmick to be honest, but it certainly trying to some attention. And I think it really actively demonstrated. How easy it is to do. This technology uses technology yourself what she is the technology. And how does it work crisper is actually a bacterial system makes the latest in a long line of genome editing tool? So scientists have been able to change the DNA organisms for many as really since the seventies. But they discover a of this bacterial system has really been a game changer. So it allows scientists very accurately target gene make change right? Precisely. And it's really easy to use as well is it reliable? Does it roll it is reliable? But it also does guy wrong. So there is a big discussion about of target fact. So when you space be tugged Gina how many times accidentally hits another, gene. And that seems to vary depending on what exactly is trying to. So what could we do it? They options limitless. But the moment really interested in treating disease. So we've already had some patients that have had this done to them. So there was Leyla who had eleven month old baby who had leukemia who this was actually a sort of pre cast crisper, but it was very much the same day, and they treat Teleki me with that. And she's still in remission, which is great. We've also had some patients who actually edited to be more resistant to the HIV infection that they had that we've discussed diseases fixing those. But this program is very much about how we could enhance what we've already starting with the healthy state making it better. So how might this technology employed today? That well, we've already seen someone trying to enhance their muscles in theory. They're also things so intelligence and cognitive abilities. That potentially is an area where people are interested. There's obviously strength. There is a lot of fancy speculation there about what you can do. I think probably a little bit still very much fantasy. 'cause it's it's tricky isn't it because something like a single gene trait that I can see in theory, how you could change but intelligence and things like height as far as I'm aware that the massive massive interaction between loads of different genes that we don't even really understand yet. So do you think will ever be able to sort of boost intelligence on intelligence point? I think it depends what you mean say there was this recent article about an IQ and debility to identify the genes involved Nike and effectively predict someone's like you and therefore the screening of MBA's, I he's not particularly right measurement of anything very much. Donald trump. Claims to have an IQ of one sixty that doesn't necessarily favor much..
"superhumans" Discussed on The Naked Scientists
"I think another example I went to Columbia University in the US we plug my nervous system into the internet link back to a robot hand, which was in in England in reading what I actually did. I move my hand, but my Brian signals which were picking up a from nervous system was sent across the internet to move the robot and which was in England. And then when the hand grit up Jack signals were sent back from the fingertips in England to stimulate my nervous system in New York. So I could feel how much force the hung was applying on another continent. That's madness. But what about if you're linking yourself up with technology? What about someone hacking your nervous system? Does that were you doing? Well, it didn't from the research point of view. I mean, we did. But my nervous system actually had an IP address. Particular experiment, but we had security in the sense that we didn't tell anybody what we were doing. I mean, clearly if we're looking ahead for this in a general sense clearly than security would be much much more important thing. So we wouldn't want to allow hacking as we might do into our Bank accounts and things like that nowadays, they kind of ways might you be able to enhance yourself with technology. If we're looking at Brian implants, thank clearly you can link your brain directly with an artificial intelligence system and gain all sorts of things from that. I mean, we know human memory is not that wonderful, particularly as you get older, we got all sorts of problems with it. But computer memory, it goes can be absolutely fantastic, extremely accurate and so on so the possibility of simply not remembering anything in your own Brian sourcing, the whole lot too much more accurate, but instantly accessible source Why one. not I'm interested to hear? How far you go in theory. Kevin. I mean, you're talking about sort of mental enhancements what about something? Like, I dunno superpower. Byron calm and things. Like that. Would does that sound right to you as well. Willing awhile already, HUD that so, you know, something I've experienced in terms of connecting from my own nervous system to robot on from that though. I mean when you start connecting the nervous system in your brain up to the outside world, it doesn't have to be arms and legs. And so on that you connect tone, you can have buildings you can have vehicle so your body which can be separate from your Bryant as long as it's connected via the nervous system our network. Your body can be whatever you wanted to be whatever the network takes you to what's next on your wishlist? Kevin j just wondering what let to connect up next the familiar. The big one is communicating. Bryant O'Brien I would love to take part in the first sought communication. Experiment. It's a very risky business because switching the switch to connect to Brian's together. What exactly is going to happen? But I just have a hunch. I believe that we are going to be able to communicate just by thinking. And I would love to be one of the first people to touch that out. They really interested to hear what you do next. Thank you very much into.
"superhumans" Discussed on The Naked Scientists
"This is going on in Silicon Valley and places, and that's another drug that's affecting the brain in different ways as well. So there on new experimentation going on. But unfortunately, not with pharmaceutical companies are not developing too, many of these new cognitive enhancing drugs, which is a shame. Because really my research has to do with trying to improve cognition for people with psychiatric disorders, and Alzheimer's disease and brain injury and thinking of jobs like being a pilot being a doctor, do you think in the future just been like a matter, of course, for these people to just take something that makes them more efficient that jobs? What we I need the long term, safety and efficiency studies in healthy people because we don't have those. But if the drug is shown to be safe ineffective for a healthy person to take it may be better than caffeine. So I did a study with Laura Daza Imperial College. And he wanted to look at sleep deprived? Doctors because a lot of his doctors have to operate at night. They take a lot of coffee to get the caffeine. We heard about caffeine is a booster. But the trouble is then they get a hand term because that's a very common side effect of caffeine. So MMMM final may be a better cognitive enhancing drug awake, alerting agent for doctors to us. But we really need those studies. I I'm really quite concerned about some of the very young people, you know, people under twenty four twenty five years of age to using these drugs because we know our brains still in development. So there's one thing to use these drugs as an adult way, your brain is fully developed, but if you still got this essentially, the adolescent brain, which is in development, what are the effects of putting a drug into a healthy normal developing brain, Barbara Saha can is staying with us throughout the program. Thanks very much for that Barbara will return to her and just a moment. But first someone else who puts things into his body. Real clarify. Not. Yes. That was pharmacies. But thinking about a superhero light good old Tony stark, aka I on Mon. He's just a regular guy who uses technology to fly around. And but now which by someone who as far as I know didn't fly into the shoe, but does hold the incredible title of the world's fast cyborg. Kevin warrick. Welcome to the program. Please explain to us. How are you? A cyborg to implants, the first is a fairly simple one that quite a few people now, which is an identification implant. So with that as I was able to move are my building the computer could recognize where I was an it opened doors for me switched on light said Hello things like that. So that was the first one. But I think what Baba's been talking about is the chemical aspect particularly of the human Brian and how can affect them because the Brian is electro chemical, and I really looking at the electrical side of things and. Technologically linked yourself to another person as well happen to remind wife. Yes. Yeah. We wanted to show doted if you talking earlier about communication, and what we did my wife had electrodes pushed in her nervous system. I'm we linked our nervous systems together. So every time she closed hand, my brain gotta pulse. So it was like a telegraphic communication directly between our nervous systems. And clearly what we're looking at is the future of communication is linking not just nervous systems together, but Brian's together, so we'll be able to communicate not in this antiquated. Why that you know Scholley now we can stop moving on us. Humans and Hans selves and start communicating electrically directly Brian to Bryan man that sounds quite romantic both save potentially. Experienced ultra sonic input. What we're looking at humans sense the world in a very limited way. We miss most of what's going on around us because we don't sense it. But we can do in the future with the technology. I was using. I was able to send ultrasonic which is like a distance like a bat sense is the will Brian's brilliant. They adult they can take on new signals in that way says well as tiny stuggles say Batman. Real real tiny stock. You know characters this is doing it for real science has gone further than than some of these characters..
"superhumans" Discussed on The Naked Scientists
"Even as a healthy person you can often be performing lower lower than should. But these drugs will actually improve performance and people who for instance, Cambridge graduates, so you can get improved performance and people who are not sleep deprived. And who are actually very high intelligence over things you've described symptoms of an over busy lifestyle. Burning the candle both ends approach to live a way not just giving ourselves another crutch today. No, I couldn't agree with you more. I mean, we really have to think of this as a society we all be pill poppers in the future. Just so that we can get in. In a bit more work. Stay awake and alert for longer and be competitive with somebody else who's working alongside us, and and so forth. I mean, there are really great ways such as exercise to enhance your cognition that really boosts, your cognition. It improves your mood, and it's very good for your physical health. So really we should be doing things like taking exercise may be doing. A lifelong learning course or something else. Interesting. Like that woman is you about is that we may find ourselves in a situation Melissa to society where you've got people who are chemically enhanced now turn up for their exams at university having pulled all nighters for three weeks beforehand, and they'll be at the top of their game because they're popping pills quite legitimately. Whereas someone who takes the same approach to exams that the athletics and typing association type to sport, which is that you should not chemically type e about we're gonna ban you if you do those people turned up with a clean sheet. They haven't done any sort of thing going to perform less, well, not because they're less able but they've got few drugs on vote. Well, that's a really good point. I mean, sometimes when I'm lecturing to students about these issues students will come up afterwards. And they say, you know, I don't wanna take these drugs, but I feel pressure put upon may the sort of coercion to take these drugs because I can see how the people passing them around in the library. And I'll feel disadvantage if I don't take them. And we know that even a small ten percent approve -ment in a memory score could lead to a higher level greater degree class. So we have to think about this very carefully. Sounds like these drugs can have quite a big impact on how Welsomer does. But where where Mike feature with scientific improvements like the film limitless and Lucy, I think they put one pill and become super Stein straightaway will ever be possible. Do you think? Well, already the affects what we call mild to moderate. So moderate affect is really very good for a healthy person to get up to that level of improvement. So sometimes ten to forty percent improvement. So that's that's really very good for these drugs that we already have like Ritalin methylphenidate and Madonna Fennell. But other people are looking at sort of enhancing creativity. And they're looking at microdosing with LS state..
"superhumans" Discussed on The Naked Scientists
"Is it a bird is it a plane or is it a crisper in spot cyborg on steroids? We're finding out how with the help of modern technology humanity can potentially become superhuman. The twelfth of November, sadly, the passing of one of the biggest names in the world of superheroes. Stanley was the genius behind Spiderman the hulk the X men and many many more. He inspired people to look at what humanity could become and this week. We're asking science can help us along the way, what are the ethical questions? Unscientific barriers that awaits us before we can create humanity 2.0, and we're joined by a super stop Hannele. We've got bobbers a hockey and who is a nearest scientists at Cambridge University and an expert in smart drugs. Kevin work who is a robotics and Cybernetics research Coventry university and visiting professor at the university of reading he's also the world's first cyborg, and we've also been joined by sorry and Bowers who's policy lead at Wellcome Trust Sanger institute, and she'll be talking about. Genetic engineering now, they're potentially three ways to enhance humanity that we're going to explore this week their technology genetic engineering, but we're going to begin with drugs. Now, we will modify cells with drugs to some extent caffeine, for instance, gets out of bed in the morning, especially if you're Christmas or Georgia mills alcohol tends to make us very chatty anabolic steroids by some people to bulk up, so Bob really or commenting human type is not a new thing when it comes to drugs, but you'll look in particular type of drugs in this case these drugs that change out brains. That's right. So human enhancement is something that people strive for for a long time in different forms of it as you pointed out, but cognitive enhancement is something that's really quite topical now and seems to be on the increase so people are taking smart drugs. Cognitive enhancing drugs to do better at work get into better, universities and just improve themselves. What all the drugs in question. So two of the most common..
"superhumans" Discussed on The Naked Scientists
"You're gonna need make tons to measure the number of groans property issuing from the audience right now, we heard that Georgia. Now the ability to discuss what happened yesterday or even week is subtle really important cornerstone of language, but we don't know when or how this ability to react to something historical actually came about. But this week scientists announced they've discovered that one of our closest relatives also has this ability and Georgia has been to the jungle to find out which one. If you down to the jungles of deepest, darkest macho what might you see Sean bat pygmy elephant, perhaps a scientist Hulan around under a stroke blanket, pretending to be Tiga remaining. That's exactly what Audran la- Myra and his team at the university of Saint Andrews were doing, but I promise you that is a reason they were trying to find out more about perhaps a much is most famous inhabitant and I'll close cousin leering atten-. I'm looking at renting calls as living models of the precursor system of language language, financially transformed. Our species transmits information in all age, but we have very little clues of how did this happen? How did such a new powerful system emerged within our own lineage orangutangs provide a really interesting case where we can go back and use their vocal behavior as models for what may have happened within our only Adriano and his team went to the fact finding mission to Borneo and Sumatra to find out what kinds of crews make? But as one problem orangutans onto latch. Chatty. I've spent many days with the microphone over my head waiting for them to say something, and I would go back to camp with with no recording to speak of what to do the team had an idea. What if they could get them to make an alarm cool by showing them, what appeared to be one of that predators like tiger or leopard? Yes. So typically was me walking on all fours, and then we had sheets covering, and then it was the pattern of the sheets that differed between different types of predator that we wanted to simulate and you know, I was the lead author. So I had to take the big role. Disguise apparently seem to the orange Tang's behave nervously climbing away near Nateing. But but we were not getting any vocal responses, which was confusing at first to our surprise. It was only minutes later up to twenty minutes later, actually that the female star to engage in vocal responses. And so we knew that there was something odd about the whole situation. So why wait for minutes before making a distress cool? You wouldn't want to respond in the presence of the tiger. And therefore incur the risk of an attack at that moment on the other hand because they could have simply remained silence forever. Otherwise, the infant would have never properly. Understood that what just happened was a dangerous event. And so they are waiting to being safety to inform their infant's about the danger. Does this that delaying cool? What does this tell us about rhino tons? So far, there's this saying that any most typically communicates while being stuck in the presence, what this shows is that they actually can dissociate this and therefore KOMO. Unicating information about something that is not happening in the here in the now, and this is a characterizing feature of language across all the world's languages. We are constantly speaking of things that are not here now. So this tries language, and yet there were so far no examples in mammals or within the private order saying this is kind of a really important stepping stone in advance of language to be able to talk about things on what's right in front of his right now. Absolutely. I think it really becomes powerful. Because the information that you can start actually reporting on entrance meeting really expense in all their actions. Right because then you can refer to things in the past you can refer things into the future. And so to cross this threshold is terribly important. And I think we really start to have a lot of the ingredients that we see in language coming together within one of. Of our stroll lineages in now, we can really start seeing how they may have interacted, and therefore how could they have passed that threshold and really started something that we could potentially call the proto language a system that really became the foreigner of language..
"superhumans" Discussed on The Naked Scientists
"This is the naked scientists with me George mills I'm Chris Smith still to come on the show arena. Tana found to possess a cornerstone for the basis of language and humanity. Two point tire. Can we become superhuman? But I the meat industry is one of the worst producers of greenhouse gases globally. And what feeds this industry is that the average western east about the run bodyweight in meet every year an ally. Some people have cut that consumption organ vegetarian to reduce their impact. Most people remain staunch carnivals sa- can science help with us is Mark cotta. He's from Cambridge University and his PI of Cambridge spinout. Elps Biomed I'm one of that technologies may be able to help. So what have you done here? What's new hair mid-century in my condemning lab, we generated a new approach of making very consistent batches of cells. Right. And what has that got to do with the meat industry? What I didn't know until recently view was to create cells that we can use to study. Human diseases, and one of the cells that we generated really at approve of principal was a muscle cell. So some individuals in the who are interested in college at meat thought. This might be playable to their problem, which is basically trying to create muscle and fat, right? Which is what you would find in your lovely. That's correct. So you're taking the cow or no out of the equation. But the growing it chopping it up and eating it bet you'll sort of taking out the middleman and taking stem cells, and hopefully turning that into a bugassault how would that work? So basically, we treat themselves as the how were the energy is really a computer. If you run a new program on a computer, you get a new function. If you run a new program in a cell, you can switch the identity of that. So into new cell type the little contribution that we made was to make this very robust process. So we can turn all stem cells in culture into a muscle or fat. So a neuron. What we did is we using gene editing technology Crispus to bury the program in the DNA of the cell. And then once we want we can turn it on and the entire population cells will switch into a new cell type. Do you think people will take this up as a new form of meeting for my own experience? I was very alien concept to me, but to be honest, it makes such a lot of sense. I as the ethics we grow at cow and cow really is a complex organism which Hazel little bit like us as well. And what you do at the end. Is you chop it up, and you just take the muscles. So I think that's quite berry to be honest. The other thing is it has health implications. You can actually optimize the meat. So that we can take out some of the fatty acids that might be damaging you, and you can get rid of a lot of the anti-biotics that are currently used for farming. And the third fact, of course, the environmental issues it takes a lot of. Of energy to raise a cow. And then harvest it will it scale mall. Can you grow enough cells to feed seven point five billion people and possibly ten billion? But twenty fifty Salvato order, you definitely are right. The skate up will be the biggest challenge there. But if you think about the base the population that we use which stem cells, they really grow incredibly fast. And so if you put them into the right context, the models that I've seen suggests that you could do that in effect, for example, if wanted to go to Mars, it's the only option have some meat how does she resort cannibalism? Of course. Speaking of which for any animal in theory. Yes. I mean, if you know the transcription of program that controls a muffler fats in that species should be perfect achievable. When do you think we might see this in the show, could you guess on how long it might take? I don't know. I think they're in. Beijing is to create the first burgers within three or four years. And of course, then the real challenges of scale will kick in someone who is often called the world's worst vegetarian. I really look forward. Thank you very much much quota from Cambridge University and Elvis Biomet. Speaking of meets the last time you actually weighing out your pork chops..
"superhumans" Discussed on The Naked Scientists
"Sperm that have damaged DNA also have fertility and indeed pregnancy problems, for example in humans, but we haven't actually shown yet what the mechanism is that this trans generational damage occurs by and what's about the impacts. If we see in these reproductive issues and climate change affecting male fertility. What impact could that have? Well. Guess if you'll thinking from a diversity perspective, it could be a pretty big impact. Because if you can't reproduce, you'll population viability is not very good. So we shown under control conditions that sperm sensitivity could lead to population. Declines we're seeing in the natural environment. But we really want to pin that down more closely. We're planning to do that both in the lab at population level, and maybe to try and take that to the field as well. And have a look at it in insects on the more field relevant conditions. We'd like to know whether populations can adapt evolutionary to changes in the climate and how quickly they can adapt. And of course, we'd really like to understand what the mechanism that is leading to that trans generational damage because that could have relevance for a lot of species, including our own some very interesting and concerning findings that was mutt. Gauge from the university of East Anglia, and that study has just been published in nature communications, the nineteen Ninety-two book metaphor MAs women are from Venus was the best seller for US, author John. Gray now, admittedly. It was all about relationships. But its core was the claim that males and females think differently. Put in another way psychologists have suggested into theories that women tend to be better empathizes men tend to be better system is is and assistant people tend to have a brain this an extreme example of the male type, but those claims were based on studies at fewer than one hundred people. So now, scientists have repeated the analysis on a very large sample, but what did they find Farren warrior is one of the authors on the new study? These Terry's look at how men and women think about certain things. So the first year is called the empathizing system. I think Terry of sex differences, and according to this Kerry, we can look at two particular, domains empathy, which is the ability to recognize what someone is thinking of feeling and the other one is called system. I thing identifying and recognizing. Patterns what Sterry suggest that men on average are better than women on system icing and men on average of at on empathizing the second theory deals with autistic individuals autism is new developmental condition where individuals typically have difficulties in social interactions and unusually restricted interests this theory, which is called the extreme male brain theory of autism suggest that autistic individuals tend to be better at systemized thing, and for it empathy competitive population. So what did you set out to test? So the previous studies had examined these to Terry's using relatively small sample sizes. We wanted to see how Rupert these results are. So we data from approximately six hundred fifty thousand individuals which also include a data from thirty six thousand individuals who had been diagnosed with autism and all of them failed out these measures of. Of empathy and system icing. Can you just explain how to work out? How empathic I am. How do you work out? What extent I system is one way is he a self report measure which ask questions like how much do you agree or disagree with particular statements? So statement include people have often told me that what I say is rude in this particular study, we use ten such questions. Similarly, we use ten such questions which map self-reported system icing questions like I often notice mall. Details that other people don't now bringing the party enormous numbers of people that you've been up to study you say it's more than six hundred fifty thousand been studied, isn't it? What trends emerge? Well, what we see is that on average typical man school slightly higher. But statistically significantly higher than typical women on the self report measure of system icing and typical women on average scores likely higher. Than typical men on the self report measure, of empathy when we take in a bit deeper and look at autistic individuals with that on average autistic individuals, regardless of their sex tend to score higher on this test of system icing and tend to score slightly lower on this measure of empathy competitive population..
"superhumans" Discussed on The Naked Scientists
"I up with rising. Global temperatures heatwaves are becoming more frequent and more intense. But what impact is this having on the plants and insects all around us as the temperature of our planet goes up by a diversity tends to fool, but researchers have been stumped as to why. Now a team at the university of East Anglia have found just like tight pants about for boys heat waves can compromise. Sperm counts in insects is e Clark heard how from my gauge. So we'll oh there's been a lot of research looking at warm-blooded species in how heat can impact on male fertility and stone function. There's been very little were looking at cold-blooded species like insects, for example, which we thought was quite a knowledge gap because most of our diversity on our planet is cold blooded. They may even be more sensitive to environmental temperature change because they're in core body temperature will change as the external thermal environment changes as well. What did you find looking at these cold blooded species? And we're interested in how experimentally induced wave conditions impacted on reproductive, performance and reproductive biology, which is a beetle because first of all it's an insect a quarter of insects beetles. So what we did was we quite simply took adult, male and female beetles, and we expose them to simulated heat-wave conditions heat. Wave conditions were those are widely accepted as a definition of a heat wave, which is when the normal temperature rises by five degrees four five days. And then what we found was that male fertility or male reproductive output declined markedly with heat wave exposure so one heat wave about hard a male's reproductive performance when we gave miles a second heat wave basically became sterile. What about female toes? What did you see there? So the females were in themselves resistant to heat wave. So if you heat wave of female veto, and then Mehta to a male who hasn't been heat wave. She's fine. Her reproductive output is the same as if she's never experienced a heat wave. But if you make the female, so she's got mature inseminated sperm in her sperm storage organs, which most female insects have then she suffered as a consequence of heat waves. So somehow the heat waves at damaging the spoon that she has stored insider, and then we see about a thirty percent decline in a female subsequent facility say they essentially they'll meet with a male. They store the sperm as as when they like. But if they experienced a heat wave, the female isn't really affected, but that span that she's carrying is Bess right? But what we also found was a trans generational impact of heat wave. So if you're an offspring born from a dad who experienced a heat wave or indeed from a sperm we found a lifespan cut in those offspring. So they lived about twenty percent shorter than offspring whose dads sperm never experienced a heat wave. And if you're a son from. Dad or sperm that experienced a heat? You'll reproductive potential. Also was reduced gosh. And do you know what is actually going on in not reproductive biology to 'cause this affect we don't the moment. But our prime suspect is DNA damage. We know that heat can damage DNA inside sperm, and we know that.
"superhumans" Discussed on The Fandom Podcast
"There's one more thing that I thought was hilarious. Is there was this ridiculous? Reality TV show. We talked about reality TV. On this episode. There were a couple that he was involved in this one specifically still it's still it's the most stupid thing ever. But there was a reality TV show called who wants to be a superhero, and they literally found just actors and actresses that had a persona. You know, real life people. And then they put them in ridiculous situations where they would like have to save things and Stanley was involved. And literally the only thing he do is pop up on a camera and be like you need to do this. And this is the quest- today. We're going to put you in a suit and have tack dogs from the police attack you and you have to get across the, you know, the lawn and see if you can beat these dogs. Good job Excelsior. And the thing. That's about what it was. That's literally what the show was. But the thing that I loved about it is there was a guy that started at the very beginning. I miss totally scripted the whole thing. Right. Hey, hey. Hey, no. Or at least. Big Bertha big Bertha one then being fair and square. But, but the the thing that I thought was the most like awesome was that they had a guy who was kind of just this oddball. And he was the first person to get out and then like halfway through the series. They had him come back as a villain because he was so mad, and I was just like that is totally what come on. This is awesome. It was the most ridiculous show ever. But like, I just loved it. Because of it, you know, and then there was Stanley's real superhumans or real what is it Stanley superhumans where he actually went out and found people that could do amazing things. Like, I remember in the first episode. They found a man who could literally like touch a hot plate and then plus. Like put his finger in a socket, and he wouldn't get electrocuted. And he would like charge up the hot plate. And like bendable people like a guy that was so like flexible, you can bend the host. Yeah. He was the host of that show that he just go find people that can do amazing things. Like, there's a guy that could just bend a wrench because of the way his muscles where just Benda nettle wrench in half. And it was kind of the same where his his interactions with Stanley. We're all like over Skype that was like all the all the Stanley had to do with that. But it was it was Stanley event his name. His name was on it. I watched it. That's exactly exactly. That's why people watch that. Yeah. Speaking of talking to Stanley over Skype. That's probably my favorite memory with Stanley. Over the past few years. His health has been failing. He's had a lot of issues with going to he had a lot of issues going to conventions and things like that that he'd scheduled and one of the conventions he had to cancel on was fan ex in March of two thousand seventeen and I just remember him canceling and everyone being so disappointed and then the next morning before our staff meeting, I got grabbed by the guy who's overall the paneling and said we need to figure something out now. And apparently Stanley said, yeah, we can we can do we can do a Skype call we can do that. And the people backstage they had a lot of. But they didn't have all the equipment they needed. And it just happened to be that in my I have the other half that they needed. And then I was able to get the salt palace to work with us to to help us have more reliable internet backstage. So that we can have a reliable Skype. Call and that was pretty and Stanley. It was on video you should think brand. Yep. Yep. That's what I'm saying. That's what I'm saying. Because nobody else could have gone out and gotten that consumer grade hardware that I happen to have. I'm more no-one outs. Pro they're less people who had the knowledge of what to do because I would. Okay. We need we want to do a Skype call Stanley. What can you do? I pray. Here's my phone on that. What's what's his Email? Apple up on my phone. I guess. Yeah. We'll zoom the camera in on my phone, and we'll make that work..