35 Burst results for "Stalin"
Carolina tops Lightning 4-1, tied atop Central Division
"Nino Niederreiter Jordan Stalin Steven Lorentz scored second period goals to lead the hurricanes to a four one victory over the lightning the game was scoreless until Niederreiter install scored twenty five seconds apart midway through the middle period Alex the delicate which stopped twenty six shots for the victory allowing only a goal by breaking point will most likely have to go through these guys in one way or the other come playoff time so anytime you can kind of like you know being a little bit and at least I think we even up the series was among the year gone and that way you know we have been on on the conference so we can hang with these guys are great that's Leschi finished with thirty two saves for the bulls who are three points behind the Panthers and hurricanes for the central division lead with ten games remaining I'm Dave Ferrie
Only in Hollywood
"There's a soviet film from nineteen seventy five called hedgehog in the fog. It's only ten minutes long. It's been called the best animated film of all time for the You're at your committee. Runco she said. I know surgeries now truly. Actually russian animation is a kind of an art. Form the cartoons. They're they're made without the restrictions that your typical american cartoons are like they don't have to be twenty six minutes long space for commercials didn't have to have these continuation of a story. Once the episode this over backing the soviet russia the cartoons were made purely as a way to sort of entertain the kids of course but also as a kind of as kind of arts. They were only as long as they needed to be. The only told the story the way it ought to be told without anything else. And i think people who have seen them. They would easily agree with my statements. It's really something to be seen in may of nineteen twenty eight. Mickey mouse was introduced by walt disney within a few years. Disney animation's were so popular that they're being shown around the world including at a film festival in moscow in nineteen thirty three soviet viewers including joseph stalin fell in love the slogan. Give us a soviet. Mickey mouse became popular and three years later in nineteen thirty six the animation studio so use multiple opened in moscow. A version of it still exists today and many of the films are admired for their sophistication and lack violence as one director. Put it in our films. There's always been less aggression. We stake darla not on action but on psychology humor and a dialogue with the viewer. It came out of the tradition of russian folktales hedgehog in the fog follows a worried seeming hedgehog who gets lost in a thick fog. He surprised by all the animals. He encounters who he writes a fish even by the end when he safe. It doesn't feel like a happy ending definitely not a disney ending in the final frames. The hedgehog is still anxious
The Hitler Haggadah with Jonnie Schnytzer
"Joined today by johnny schnitzer to talk about the hitler. Haga a nineteen forty-three judeo arabic haggadah. Which tells the story of the holocaust the second world war and the allied landing in north africa through the passover seder. Johnny schnitzer is a phd candidate at bar. Ilan university with a focus on medieval kabbalah. His dissertation is focused on the fourteenth century. Kabul list rabbi. Joseph ben shallow ashkenazi and johnny is also preparing a critical edition of ashkenazis. Commentary on sefer itsy raw. Johnny also edited an english edition of the etc. Which we're going to be talking about today. The hitler etc is such a fascinating text in many ways even just the title is jarring. And you might think how can you use. Hitler's name in the title of this traditional jewish text and it draws you in to a tremendous piece of moroccan jewish history that reworked the traditional passover story to tell us about the experience of north african jews in the holocaust. I hope you enjoyed our conversation. Where we're going to dive into this text and think about how it can broaden our understanding of the holocaust to include the middle east and north africa in that story and also where we think through the important relationship between jewish roots and holidays with history and historical memory. Thanks for tuning in high johnny. Welcome to the podcast. Thanks so much for joining us to talk about your book that you added. Thank you for inviting me. Lovely to be here. Absolute think this is such a fascinating text. Can you maybe tell us a little bit about it in other words like what is it that makes this different from all other hug adults. I think there are sort of two bombs that this text drops upon any re- debt guest that sort of feast there is on the hit laga and the first one of course is the title and this is what got me interested in this from the outset and that is this sort of sporadic this who has the chutzpah to do this at taking a jewish texts calling it the hit laga. That's the sort of bomb number one. Because you're not even sure what this is about. Who wrote this. But you know one thing you know that the author who is anonymous and we'll touch upon them in a moment takes to keywords. That every juneau's today every jew does not need to google almost haggadah writer passover passover eve where we read the haggadah we all come and we eat together and he takes haggadah and he connects to the other. Keyword that we all know about for a very separate horrific connotation. That's hitler and he puts it together. The first bomb is who has the chutzpah to perpetrate a text. And give it the title. Hit laga taking one of the most sacred texts and connecting it to one of the biggest mom's area if you like in jewish history and then you open the text and you realize that author has done something absolutely fascinating he is done with. The sages have asked us to do generation after generation and that is to see ourselves as if we left egypt red. It's to reenact. Redemptions to reenact. God saving the jewish people taking us out. And what does he do. He takes the structure of the storytelling bit of the haggadah. Right on passover. Eve we have the ceremony we have the blessings and then we reached the mortgage section the mugged section to section where we meant to mcgee. We meant to tell the story. That's what is about right. We tell story we tell the story of redemption. This also explains why passovers become right. This trend of everyone bringing own hug dot. Everyone bringing their own stories. Because it's all about bringing together different pieces of the puzzle. Creating this beautifully rich mosaic. So he takes the traditional structure of the haggadah which tells us about how we were taken out of egypt and it tells us about these different characters. Rabbinic figures leaving two thousand years ago. The told us to do this and told us to do that. And he takes out the content and fills it with a new content whereby he tells the story of the holocaust of world war two of the allied victory of the ex pows over nazi germany. And hitler and mussolini's italy he tells us the story of his generation rights yossi who has something to tell us in the traditional said. There's something about how. How would you meant to do something. All of a sudden becomes the speech of the dictator iosif stalin when we told them the haggadah that i god and not an angel. Not anyone else is going to take you. The jewish people out of egypt suddenly becomes. I shall the goal. I not level not the right none of none of the other vichy high commanding general's. I shall the goal which already tells us right. This is what's fascinating in the hitler etc and this is the second bomb if the first bomb is the title. We still don't know what it's about. The second bomb is when you discover that this was written by an anonymous jew living in robots morocco probably towards the end of nineteen forty-three as a result possibly inspired by operation torch. The allied operation led by the us on the shores of casablanca and algiers. And everything changes all of a sudden this jew living in morocco. Who's lived under a regime whether anti jewish laws jews around him have lost their jobs. Jews around you can't get a jewish education you become by night a second-grade citizen and so out author. It almost seems as if he's taking a text which it's time to write it when we don't yet know the ending. He doesn't yet know about the horrific six million who are being murdered. He doesn't know about concentration camps in poland. But he knows he wants to do something horrific any also is living in a time where his life has changed for some years and as a result of the allied victory he suddenly possibly is inspired and sees. I get the exodus. The story i meant to be telling i meant to take the passover haggadah until the story that i see and that's how the allies beat the excess power. And how in fact you know retelling the story of exodus mine new-fangled version. I think that the text itself is amazing in the ways in which it on. The one hand utilizes the story of passover very explicitly very specifically in when he talks. About how hitler. Enslaved the jews but also like you mentioned the way in which some of the characteristic aspects of the traditional aspects are transfigured and transformed new. Whether we're talking about the parable of the four sons the for children or the different rabbis plagues. What are some of the really interesting things that are happening in this text that really are utilizing the passover story itself and also the the characteristic aspects of the passover seder that people who read attritional seder would be familiar with but they give it new meaning in this context. If we take right this this idea of the four sons four daughters any jewish figure that we look at it and we want to understand. What is it the sort of a heart of their teachings you know. One of the tricks is to see if they wrote a commentary on the haggadah. What do they do with these. Four boys of for doors. What do they symbolize. And in the case of the hit da it takes us back in time to a sort of moroccan viewpoint of the the north african campaign. And so who is the wise son now. You know it's going to be an allied power. But you're not sure that england or is it america and you'll told the the wise son is england right. The royal air force acts cleverly. He's clearly impressed he he is probably the razzie stance radio. He knows about the bombings. He knows about montgomery and then we move onto the russia. The russia we know can only be one person. That's clearly hitler. Hitler the evil one. He knows that he's a know he. He's torturing the jewish people and yet it's interesting that if you read through the at that we're not quite sure what's going on in europe right off a thinks that there is a concentration camp in berlin so we're not yet show what's going on in the world and our author doesn't yet. Nobody knows that he clearly is evil that he's plotting against the jews there wearing yellow badges which also is interesting. Because we're not sure. If he's referring to the yellow badges of jews in europe or the yellow badges of jews in certain places in north africa and then who is the tam. The time is interesting. Because tom can both mean in hebrew complete simpleton the thomas america and then shane no. You're dillashaw and who doesn't know how to ask questions. The classic version says the fourth son is the son who doesn't know how to ask questions. The newfangled version is and mussalini. Who isn't with the avowed woods and this is very interesting because when i was speaking to holocaust survivors. Oh you know this. Sort of all degeneration and i spoke to people from algeria from tunisia morocco across the board there was a nickname from cellini mar. He was the donkey he was the s. This resonates with this passage whims lead author decides to change it. And say it's not. He doesn't ask question it's that we don't even wanna talk about
"stalin" Discussed on This American President
"In that time stalin was a particular rival trotsky and eventually when lennon became incapacitated and certainly after lennon died tribes as stalin with those other former comrades of lenin to isolate trotsky they were afraid trotsky too powerful to popular head of the army isolate him remove him from his positions and eventually drive him into exile. There's a fascinating quote where you cite. That were molotov compares lenin and stalin and he said quote in our party. I consider lennon alone to genius. Lennon was superior stalin but no one could surpass stalin as a practical worker party organizer. It's very fascinating that stalin. Who was very different from lennon would come to be his successor. Certainly that is correct. So we know in among marxist party in that marxist party among communists there were theorists and practitioners practically entailed tiki in russian. Stalin was a practic. He was pragmatic party worker. There's a kind of anecdote which is not true. Where lennon says I need someone to go out do such and such a thing and trust he says. Oh i'd love to do it by blood you middle each but you know. I have to write my book on literature and revolution and stalin said. I'll do it. I mean he knew he would have made a great mafia boss or even a chief executive of corporation. He knew how to play the system how to use his advantages his talents. He had feet on the ground. He was practical okay. He wasn't as sophisticated in marxist theory as lennon or a trotsky or hot or other bolsheviks but he he was a tremendous organizer and multi gets it right in the quote that you mentioned and so. He's the one that succeeds within the party. He's the one who gathers people around him. He could express complex issues in very simple focused often very dull language. What does a good politician need sophisticated analyses or simple what we would call you. Know a soundbite of points of view. Just watch the debates now going on and you see that. That's what works. The bumper sticker slogans bumper stickers. Yeah so you. Cover a lot of stalin's private life and there was his first wife. I think it's e cathrine for need. Is that right was i. I needs okay. Could you talk about those relationships. In his private life the ones.
Huberdeau scores in OT, lifts Panthers past Hurricanes 4-3
"Jennifer Hooper does second goal of the game completed the Panthers for three overtime win over the hurricanes who were to open the scoring and added an assist before his seventh goal of the season sealed the win at two twenty nine of O. T. Alex Wennberg in U. haul let me go also scored as the Panthers improved to ten to one to one point ahead of Carolina and Tampa Bay for the central division lead Jordan Stalin Sebastian aho tallied in the first period and it's a tragic added a third period goal for the hurricanes I'm Dave very
Considering German Jewrys History And Legacy With Jay Geller
"Welcome to jewish history matters. I'm jason la steak and jay. Geller is joining me on the podcast today to talk about his book. The show alums a history of the german jewish bourgeoisie from emancipation to destruction. It's a fantastic book. That tells the story of german jewry as a whole through the history of one family and in particular the four scholem brothers each of whom followed their own political and historical path gerhard or gershom scholem the zionist who is most widely known for his scholarship on jewish mysticism alongside. His brothers. varner the communist. Reinhold the nationalist and eric the liberal. It's a multilayered approach towards thinking about jews in germany as well as the broader possibilities of history and its contingency the scholem brothers really showcase the myriad possibilities for political and cultural activity of jews in germany prior to the second world war as well as the different outcomes of the jews in germany verner was murdered by the nazis at involed gershom immigrated to palestine and eric and reinhold made their way toss. Australia altogether sketches the outlines of the german jewish cultural and political millea as the diaspora of the jews of germany after the holocaust and so the scholem family is simultaneously an eminent middle class. Jewish berlin family and at the same time. It's also distinctly normal quotidian every day it showcases through this microcosm the whole story of choose in germany in the lead up to the second world war and the holocaust as well as aftermath jay. Geller is the samuel rosenthal professor of judaic studies at case western reserve university's department of history in addition to the show alums which will talk about. Today he has also written jews in post holocaust. Germany nineteen forty five to nineteen fifty three. I'm so excited that jay is able to join us on the podcast today to discuss the show alums and german jewish history in the largest terms the book and the issues that it raises helps us to think through both the history of jews in germany as well as the legacy of german jewish culture on a wider scale. Thanks for listening in. Welcome to the podcast. Thanks thanks for having me. This book is is such a fascinating. Approach the micro history really that is focusing on the four scholem brothers. You know obviously gershom. Scholem is definitely the most well known of these figures who are studying you as a major figure in jewish intellectual history jewish scholarship. But i think that part of what you've done here which is so interesting is to bring forward a handful of people who each represent different pathways through german jewish history and this really illuminates a lot of important issues. Do you maybe want to explain briefly about these different trajectories About these different figures in the show family and what they represent in the eighteen ninety s arthur bitty show-me who are the owners of a print shop berlin had four sons reinhold arish varner and gerhard litter known gershom and in time they viewed the travails of german society and experience the ambiguities of not the difficulties of german jewelry and they chose for different political paths. Brian whole the oldest was a national liberal or right liberal. Eric was a liberal democrat or a left liberal van was a social democrat and later became a communist in gershom of course was zionist so in this one family among these four brothers we see four political paths taken by german jewry in the first decades of the twentieth century raven. These weren't the only pads but they were by far the most common covering most of the political spectrum verner began his career as a socialist but he joined the communist party at the time of the The merger of the independent social democratic party but the communist party and he quickly rose to become the second most powerful member of the german communist party. He was a personal rival of of stalin and the stalinist clique in german communism in the mid nineteen twenty s when stalinist is attempting to take over the other communist parties in the commoner
The Case Of Nicholas Barclay
"Three years and full month earlier. Thirteen year. Old nicholas lie left. He's family san antonio home in frustration with a reputation for being troubled. Pain nicholas frequently skipped school and when he did attend he was often in trouble for being disruptive he's home life was equally unstable single mother. Beverly dullah was a high functioning heroin addict who worked seven nights a week at a local donuts door to provide for her family. Nikola softened lashed out at beverly heating and cursing at her and the police had been called out on a number of occasions to breakout arguments in an attempt to control nicholas outbursts. Beverly asked geraldo son. Nikolas brought by jason to move in having jason dair initially diffused tension between bedi nicholas. But as tom went by jason who was in his early twenties and also struggling with drug addiction came caught up in the family. Fighting dare arguments could be heard from neighbouring properties on june thirteen nineteen ninety-four nicholas decided to blow off some steam. After a fought with these mother bus shooting a few hoops at the local park. He had a law on his mind. He already had a juvenile record and was due to faces sentencing. Hearing the following day this was to address a racing event in which he had broken into a convenience store and stalin a pair of tennis shoes. One possible outcome of the hearing was that nicholas could be placed in a group arm a prospect that greatly distressed him before nicholas left pressed the fog dollar bill into. He's hand her only instructions with him to be back home for dinner shea then retired to bed to sleep in preparation for her not shift. That work light that afternoon. The phone rang at the house. Jason answered was nicholas asking if these mother could pick him up from the park. Jason told nicholas that beverly was still sleeping and he'd have to walk time nicholas. Barklay never made it home for dinner that night the next morning following not shift at the donuts door. Beverly reported nicholas missing to local. Police nicholas had a history of running away from home and the offices were initially unconcerned by his disappearance. They speculated that nicholas was avoiding he sentencing hearing and reassured beverly that he would likely show up after a few days as he had done in the past. Beverly couldn't shake the feeling that something more was amiss. Shea and nicholas is older siblings jason and sister carey when about the neighborhood putting up flyers and knocking in the hopes someone had seen the blonde haired blue wad slim. Tain police interviewed beverly's baugh who told of the many arguments shea heard coming from the house particularly after jason had moved back in with nicholas and his mother wakes passed with no lades. Nicholas's disappearance gained little media attention. He's family felt that authorities had minimal interest in trying to locate the missing tain diagnosed with attention deficit disorder and naturally trusting of strangers. Beverly thought that nicholas smart have accepted a lift home with an unknown person and met with foul play. She spoke of her sons loving nature. Anyone who would listen hoping to sway the local perception that he was unruly teenager. She remembered how affectionate hey could bay and thought about. He's taught warm hug often three and a half months off his disappearance a small glimmer of hope that nicholas barklay was alive and well presented itself. Jason was returning home one afternoon when he saw nicholas trying to break into the garage of their low set modest brick family. Time when nicholas court saw jason Disappearing down the straight jason. Find the local police and an was dispatched to the house Hey conducted a search of the premises and the straight blocks surrounding time but could find no sign of nicholas despite this promising laid there were no further sightings and the case turned code as the months. Dis went by nicholas. Family came to the conclusion that he had most likely died. Had he been alive they were certain he would have reached out to them.
Ariel Pink Dropped by Label After Attending Peaceful Trump Rally
"Tucker Carlson last night had a musician on The guy. Is fairly popular musician. His name eludes me now, but it's not enough critical, although I would like to help him out. And He went to the rally. Then went home what went to his hotel to take a map? He never set foot in the U. S. Capitol. But it was it was Publicized because he's a public figure is a musician. Publicized that he was at the rally. And the mob. The real mob came out against the Realty? Yes, Ariel pink. That is correct. And the mob went after the company that pays him. Of their payroll, too. To be musician. And they were attacked and death threats came And they let him go. He has no income. Now he attended a peaceful rally. If you attend a peaceful rally for the right You whatever people conduce to ruin your life to destroy your income and your name they will do. This is unprecedented. Unprecedented. Maybe maybe it was There was a brief period when this was what happened to active Communists. People who supported Stalin. Second greatest mass murderer in history, the first greatest being male. In terms of numbers. Well. Stalin, Hitler.
XRVision firm claims Antifa infiltrated protesters who stormed The capitol
"Apparently facial recognition facial recognition for also claimed antifa infiltrated trump protesters boy. A retired military officer told the washington times that the firm x. our vision used it software to do facial recognition protesters and matched to philadelphia antifa members to two men inside the senate source provided the photo match To the times should have also sent that to the post. Of course post wouldn't do anything with it right. so why would you boyce time one. Has it tattooed that indicates. He's a stalinist sympathiser there. That sounds like your typical trump supporter. Didn't it oh totally right. You'll love trump and you'll love joseph stalin. I mean who among us jeffey woods. oh among us antifa promotes anarchy through violence. And watch the end of america in favor of a stolen estate normal no more. Usa at all is one of their protest chants x. our vision has also identified another man. Who while not known to have antifa links. Is someone who shows up at climate and black lives matter protests in the west so it definitely had people there
Trump posts unedited '60 Minutes' interview before it airs
"Trump posting his full interview with CBS's 60 Minutes ahead of its scheduled airtime on Sunday. After he walked out on the interview with journalist Leslie Stall, the president posted the nearly 40 minutes sit down to his Facebook page with the caption look. Att, the bias, hatred and rudeness on behalf of 60 Minutes and CBS. In audio coming from the White House camera. Stalin President Trump can be heard exchanging words before the interview began to be fair. And they're Lesley Stahl is asking the president. Are you ready for some tough questions? And he said, Just be fair.
"stalin" Discussed on Matt D’Elia Is Confused
"That was so cute. So, kidnap -able this never would've happened. What were you thinking of a kid? So cute. The logic. fucking logic. Speaking of logic I got one more Play this guy's ship before to Dave Dow. Dave Dobbin. Myer. Because there's this whole thing now where because trump has been for months book and for Shit Against Joe Biden. which it's hard to believe. That there isn't anything in his forty seven year career that can really stick. For the trump campaign to against. They tried the burris machine they tried with hunter, they couldn't try with his. Accusations of. Sexual misconduct because trump has. Thirty and thousand times more accusations of that Shit. So the the kind of ended up nothing. Except the socialist communist argument which is fucking. Ludicrous. Because look at Joe Biden listening to Joe Biden. But now 'cause I, got nothing and they're desperate they're sliding back in the polls. To bring back up the Hillary Clinton Shit. As if she has anything to do with this twenty twenty election. But what a surprise, all the fucking toadies all the please. Toward. please. And trump's been tweeting crazy, ass mother fuckers to so these mother is GonNa Chance. So all the please. Don't have. tweet. Are fucking churn and shit out some Anti Hillary should. To make their fucking dear leader happy. Pure cult, of personality shit. Peer Stalin ship. Anyway. Here's what David Meyer had to say now that Hillary's backup in the news, which is just I take a second here and talk about how fucking stupid that is. She's a citizen and was running for president four years ago. Another trump campaign is trying. To smear her because they can't smear Biden. And wouldn't you know it motherfuckers like radical right wing activist, David, Dobbin Myer? Are laughing at the fuck up. For for fucking peso reasons. So. Here's here's Mr Fucking Days of love is discipline.
The Strip Search Scam
"McDonald's employees who worked double shift were given a free meal to taught the Niveau. Laura took a short break to wait before returning behind the counter. Also working that not was fifty, one year old Donna. Summer's one of the restaurants assistant manages. Like Laura some as was relatively new to the franchise. She had been working there for about eight months. Just as Laura returned to serving customers, the restaurants phone rang at full fifty six am. Some has answered it. On the other end was a man who identified himself as a police officer named officer? Scot. Officer Scott explained that, hey, had McDonald's corporate on another lawn as well as the latest students the store's manager. He was calling because a child who had banning the restaurant earlier had her coin purse stolen. The culprit was believed to be one of some employees as. Hey provided a physical description of the suspect young watt and fame ow with a petite build and dark hair. She was wearing McDonald's uniform. Officer Scot also described a tie that the suspect was wearing. Some is immediately thought of Laura. Flach. Aw. Even. Though her work record was exemplary, she'd fit the suspect's description. Perfectly. While leaving office the Scott waiting on the phone. Some is beyond Laura and asked her to accompany her to the manages office at the back of the restaurant. The small krant room had a tiled floor with a desk and account top running against opposing wools. This services were crowded with a computer and various items of stationery. Filing cabinet sat to one side and boxes were stacked behind the bench. Perched up I in the ceiling was the say, Tei? Camera. Some has led to Laura into the manager's office before locking the door behind them. She then informed the Laura that police officer had accused her of rubbing cast them a-. Shocked Laura immediately protested her innocence telling her. Dona of never done anything wrong I could never steal. Some has responded that a police officer had described Laura as the person responsible. Officer Scott was still waiting on the fine. Some is switched between speaking to him and Laura. Officer Scott informed some as that Laura had two choices. She could either submit to a search for the Stalin purse the Ben and there Oh, she could wait until an officer came to arrest her and undergo a search at the police station. Upon learning of her options, Laura started to cry and begged to be taken to the police station. So the matter could be cleared that. Some as handed the phone to Laura who spoke to office got herself. After doing. So Laura, great to be searched on the spot. Offices Scott issued instructions to summers who in turn relayed them to Laura I Laura was asked to empty her pockets. She did so without complaint. After handing IVA KS and herself Iron Laura revealed there was no stolen purse in her pockets. Office gone suspected at the autumn could be hidden underneath Laura's clothing and ordered her to undress. But this time another assistant manager named Kim Dockery arrived to stop work. Kim. was set to replace some as for the evening shift. Upon, discovering what was happening in the manages office came off to what was going on. Some has refused to say at office a Scott's command.
The rise of Poland's far right has important lessons for Americans
"Of Donald J. Trump. We in the United States have become accustomed to a degree of fabulous. Um I've done more for black Americans than anybody. With the possible exception of Abraham Lincoln, the president, self aggrandizement provides the framework for his alternate reality. We have one of the lowest mortality rate way had 900 Deaths in a single day. You have the numbers place because I heard we had the best mortality number one low mortality, right? We are being given something I can't recall in my lifetime, a choice of realities. One that is mostly regarded as evidence based and one that you might call faith based that faith being in Mr Trump In either case, you have a sizable cohort to back you up. Truth has been displaced in many quarters by rage and fear. Over the past four months, we've had many opportunities to observe the impact of paranoia. When deployed by a fantasist in the White House in Arizona Man died after taking Clara Quien, his wife said that they heard about it from Trump's briefings. Are you gonna allow the government to tell you you have to wear a mask? Some believe these mask orders go against their freedoms will protect. All right, I will know asked me and I will not pay for antibiotics. Conspiracies of Sena numbers swell on Facebook and doctors warn, if left unchecked, they could undermine an effective vaccine. The death toll from the Corona virus pandemic has surpassed 150,000 in the United States. That's the highest number of fatalities in any nation by far. And accounts for nearly 1/4 of the recorded global. Told immediately after the 2016 election, I spoke with New York ER writer Masha Gessen, who, after having lived long under Vladimir Putin had some advice for anxious Americans trying to navigate the so called new normal. She explained that for the would be authoritarian, the lying is the point that the ability to create a reality flagrantly staring down conspicuous fact. Is a crucial component of building and sustaining power. And last fall boxes, David Roberts noted bluntly, where such a strategy left unchecked, could lead this sort of cultish, increasingly authoritarian movement takes over the country. In Russia and Turkey and Poland. Right's a disturbingly longer and longer list. We see countries that we thought were democracies devolve into this. In the U. S. So much has happened in the last few years that we thought would never happen. I think we should really loosen up our imaginations as to what can happen when a movement that is convinced that everything it knows and loves is in danger of falling apart movements that's thinking like that unconnected anymore to fax or reality. And got its hands on the power of the federal government is the basic recipe for democracy is falling apart. And so last fall on, the media producer Leia Feder reported on one of those places Poland, a young democracy teetering on unstable ground and where it's far right Nationalist government is intent on rewriting the nation's painful history. For almost a decade, Poland has been in the grip of a conspiracy theory what really happened when a plane crashed in a forest in western Russia, killing Poland's president and dozens of other government officials. The plane had been on route to commemorate another Polish tragedy, a massacre that had occurred in the very same location in 1940. 1973 documentary explored the mystery While the German army is advancing from the West, the Soviets crossed Poland's eastern front court in a method of Polish army collapsed, Um, surrendered. The victors, divided the country down the middle and imprisoned every soldier they captured. Russia took a 215,000 Poland officer Corps were never seen alive again. Many. What die near Smolensk, in a forest called catching after decades of opacity and suspicion on investigation in the early nineties, confirmed finally, that it was not Hitler. But Stalin, who had ordered the massacre. And so when, on April 10th 2010 a delegation of 96 Polish politicians and officials traveled from Warsaw to Smolensk. It was in service of remembrance and reconciliation. But what happened instead compounded the national pain. Poland's prime minister burst into tears when he heard the news today that his country's president was killed in a plane crash pilot tried to land in a thick fog at least twice missing the runway. And ignoring the control tower's direction to divert to another city. Not just losing the president of that country. The first lady, the ahead of the army chief of staff, the National Security Office head deputy Parliament speaker, the deputy foreign minister. It was a devastating national tragedy. What's more, the symbolic layering was undeniable. Ah, longstanding tragedy finally solved and a new one appears in its place. And yet, in the immediate moments and days after the crash, there was a kind of common shock. An Applebaum is a journalist and academic beast in Warsaw At the time of the 2010 crash, her husband was minister of foreign affairs in the Polish government, and there was pretty straightforward reporting. About what had happened. What was immediately clear There were people on the ground who saw the crash. So there was a kind of concensus initially about what had happened that it was a terrible Accident and that you know many people of value to the nation had died. But the story started to shift is the investigation into the crash proceeded. Investigators say pilot error was mostly to blame. It became clear that one of the causes of the crash was the fact that the pilots were under pressure to land. The president's delegation had arrived late for the plane. They were running behind schedule as they got closer to smell lens, which was even really an airport. It was a kind of airstrip in the forest. They began to be worried about the fog and the pilots weren't sure they could make the narrow landing. But according to black box recordings, Polish President Lech Kaczynski, head of the opposition party directed the pilots to do it was meant to be the launch of his reelection campaign. So there were cameras there which he knew, and he was very anxious to go under pressure, the pilots tried to make the landing. Instead, they hit a tree, killing all 96 people on board. The president's twin brother, the head of the nationalist right political party in Poland, same parties, the president He didn't like this story. It made the president look bad, more to the point. This is a terrible crash very near to a place where a Nurlita generation of poles were murdered by the Soviet state. Because of that eeriness. People immediately began to speculate that there was actually a different, deeper story that perhaps the Russians caused the crash. Perhaps there was a bomb on the plane. And conspiracy theories began to proliferate online. The president's brother, Nijinsky began openly alluding to them. Kaczynskis Law and Justice Party made unraveling the Smolensk conspiracy. It's key campaign promise once you had bought into their idea that there is a secret conspiracy, possibly involving the Polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk. Possibly involving the Russians, and that lots of people high up in the state were implicated in some great big secret plot to kill the president. If you believe that Then you can believe a lot of other things. The point was to get people to believe in a kind of alternative reality to doubt institutions to doubt that the government was telling them the truth, and that was absolutely an attempt to help win an election, But it did more than carve out a new electorate. It created new divides in Polish society. Where one's Polish politics were split between Communists and anti communists around economic policy. Now it was over a vision of history. It was how you see Poland's place in the world. And whether you think secret dark forces air trying to undermine your country and whether you know you need to elect a government of Patriots in order to make sure that doesn't happen. Where you fell on that dividing line affected how you would vote and how you would understand politics for the next several years, And so when line justice one in 2015 it spawned a new kind of power a power based on the willingness to embrace the myth. They fired large numbers of Polish civil servants. Polish members of the foreign service. All kinds of people who work for the government also leaders and board members of state companies and they replaced all of them with people whom they were sure we're loyal. And one element of the loyalty test was belief in this Molinski myth. Smolinski conspiracy implied that there were dark, mysterious forces continuing to try to manipulate and undermine the Polish nation. It also drawn the larger story of a Poland continually attacked by outsiders and the valiant Polish resistance to threats past and present line Justice Road that narrative electoral victory. And then wrote its electoral victory to further consolidation of that narrative in service of Polish nationalism.
The rise of Poland's far right has important lessons for Americans
"Election of Donald J. Trump. We in the United States have become accustomed to a degree of fabulous. Um I've done more for black Americans than anybody. With the possible exception of Abraham Lincoln, the president, self aggrandizement provides the framework for his alternate reality. We have one of the lowest mortality rate way had 900 Deaths in a single day. You have the numbers place because I heard we had the best mortality number one low mortality, right? We are being given something I can't recall in my lifetime, a choice of realities. One that is mostly regarded as evidence based and one that you might call faith based that faith being in Mr Trump In either case, you have a sizable cohort to back you up. Truth has been displaced in many quarters by rage and fear. Over the past four months, we've had many opportunities to observe the impact of paranoia. When deployed by a fantasist in the White House in Arizona Man died after taking Clara Quien, his wife said that they heard about it from Trump's briefings. Are you gonna allow the government to tell you you have to wear a mask? Some believe these mask orders go against their freedoms will protect. All right, I will know asked me and I will not pay for antibiotics. Conspiracies of Sena numbers swell on Facebook and doctors warn, if left unchecked, they could undermine an effective vaccine. The death toll from the Corona virus pandemic has surpassed 150,000 in the United States. That's the highest number of fatalities in any nation by far. And accounts for nearly 1/4 of the recorded global. Told immediately after the 2016 election, I spoke with New York ER writer Masha Gessen, who, after having lived long under Vladimir Putin had some advice for anxious Americans trying to navigate the so called new normal. She explained that for the would be authoritarian, the lying is the point that the ability to create a reality flagrantly staring down conspicuous fact. Is a crucial component of building and sustaining power. And last fall boxes, David Roberts noted bluntly, where such a strategy left unchecked, could lead this sort of cultish, increasingly authoritarian movement takes over the country. In Russia and Turkey and Poland. Right's a disturbingly longer and longer list. We see countries that we thought were democracies devolve into this. In the U. S. So much has happened in the last few years that we thought would never happen. I think we should really loosen up our imaginations as to what can happen when a movement that is convinced that everything it knows and loves is in danger of falling apart movements that's thinking like that unconnected anymore to fax or reality. And got its hands on the power of the federal government is the basic recipe for democracy is falling apart. And so last fall on, the media producer Leia Feder reported on one of those places Poland, a young democracy teetering on unstable ground and where it's far right Nationalist government is intent on rewriting the nation's painful history. For almost a decade, Poland has been in the grip of a conspiracy theory what really happened when a plane crashed in a forest in western Russia, killing Poland's president and dozens of other government officials. The plane had been on route to commemorate another Polish tragedy, a massacre that had occurred in the very same location in 1940. 1973 documentary explored the mystery While the German army is advancing from the West, the Soviets crossed Poland's eastern front court in a method of Polish army collapsed, Um, surrendered. The victors, divided the country down the middle and imprisoned every soldier they captured. Russia took a 215,000 Poland officer Corps were never seen alive again. Many. What die near Smolensk, in a forest called catching after decades of opacity and suspicion on investigation in the early nineties, confirmed finally, that it was not Hitler. But Stalin, who had ordered the massacre. And so when, on April 10th 2010 a delegation of 96 Polish politicians and officials traveled from Warsaw to Smolensk. It was in service of remembrance and reconciliation. But what happened instead compounded the national pain. Poland's prime minister burst into tears when he heard the news today that his country's president was killed in a plane crash pilot tried to land in a thick fog at least twice missing the runway. And ignoring the control tower's direction to divert to another city. Not just losing the president of that country. The first lady, the ahead of the army chief of staff, the National Security Office head deputy Parliament speaker, the deputy foreign minister. It was a devastating national tragedy. What's more, the symbolic layering was undeniable. Ah, longstanding tragedy finally solved and a new one appears in its place. And yet, in the immediate moments and days after the crash, there was a kind of common shock. An Applebaum is a journalist and academic beast in Warsaw At the time of the 2010 crash, her husband was minister of foreign affairs in the Polish government, and there was pretty straightforward reporting. About what had happened. What was immediately clear There were people on the ground who saw the crash. So there was a kind of concensus initially about what had happened that it was a terrible Accident and that you know many people of value to the nation had died. But the story started to shift is the investigation into the crash proceeded. Investigators say pilot error was mostly to blame. It became clear that one of the causes of the crash was the fact that the pilots were under pressure to land. The president's delegation had arrived late for the plane. They were running behind schedule as they got closer to smell lens, which was even really an airport. It was a kind of airstrip in the forest. They began to be worried about the fog and the pilots weren't sure they could make the narrow landing. But according to black box recordings, Polish President Lech Kaczynski, head of the opposition party directed the pilots to do it was meant to be the launch of his reelection campaign. So there were cameras there which he knew, and he was very anxious to go under pressure, the pilots tried to make the landing. Instead, they hit a tree, killing all 96 people on board. The president's twin brother, the head of the nationalist right political party in Poland, same parties, the president He didn't like this story. It made the president look bad, more to the point. This is a terrible crash very near to a place where a Nurlita generation of poles were murdered by the Soviet state. Because of that eeriness. People immediately began to speculate that there was actually a different, deeper story that perhaps the Russians caused the crash. Perhaps there was a bomb on the plane. And conspiracy theories began to proliferate online. The president's brother, Nijinsky began openly alluding to them. Kaczynskis Law and Justice Party made unraveling the Smolensk conspiracy. It's key campaign promise once you had bought into their idea that there is a secret conspiracy, possibly involving the Polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk. Possibly involving the Russians, and that lots of people high up in the state were implicated in some great big secret plot to kill the president. If you believe that Then you can believe a lot of other things. The point was to get people to believe in a kind of alternative reality to doubt institutions to doubt that the government was telling them the truth, and that was absolutely an attempt to help win an election, But it did more than carve out a new electorate. It created new divides in Polish society. Where one's Polish politics were split between Communists and anti communists around economic policy. Now it was over a vision of history. It was how you see Poland's place in the world. And whether you think secret dark forces air trying to undermine your country and whether you know you need to elect a government of Patriots in order to make sure that doesn't happen. Where you fell on that dividing line affected how you would vote and how you would understand politics for the next several years, And so when line justice one in 2015 it spawned a new kind of power a power based on the willingness to embrace the myth. They fired large numbers of Polish civil servants. Polish members of the foreign service. All kinds of people who work for the government also leaders and board members of state companies and they replaced all of them with people whom they were sure we're loyal. And one element of the loyalty test was belief in this Molinski myth. Smolinski conspiracy implied that there were dark, mysterious forces continuing to try to manipulate and undermine the Polish nation. It also drawn the larger story of a Poland continually attacked by outsiders and the valiant Polish resistance to threats past and present line Justice Road that narrative electoral victory. And then wrote its electoral victory to further consolidation of that narrative in service of Polish nationalism.
Alex Halberstadt: "Young Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Memoir and a Reckoning"
"In the course of my reading. I found a recently published book by a writer who frequently appears in The New Yorker New York magazine in many of the glossies. He's a wonderful writer. His name is Alex. how number stat? He was born in the Soviet Union when it was the Soviet Union and he's written. A cross between memoir and history called Young Heroes of the Soviet Union. Since I, am myself of Russian descent and I know some little about what it was like to grow. Walk in the Soviet Union. I found the book. Fascinating. When learned. In its first stone ten pages. Than Alex Humber stance grandfather was one of Stalin's personal bodyguards. That he in this book would travel to the Soviet Union. To meet this previously, UNMET! This grandfather once combed his hair and gave him a bath. How old were you? Then I was three months old Michael. and. You had barely spent time with your biological father because he stayed in the Soviet Union while you and your mother and your mother's parents came to America. Yes, that's right, Michael? How old were you then? I was nine years old. And where did you lands? How did it go? Well we left Moscow in the fall of nineteen, seventy nine, and after about six months Austria in Italy. We ended up in Queens County New York. In addition to all the other things. I have in common with the writer of the spoke Alex. Halberstadt I grew up in Queens to not the same part of Queens and you grew up in the projects. Yes, I did I grew up in the ravens, wood houses, which were part of New York City public housing. Your family was helped to America by an agency. Whose what would you call it? Specialties central issue was helping Russian Jews to leave Russia. Yes, that's correct. It was called highest the Hebrew International Aid Society, and it's still it's still going strong and actually doing a lot of activism right now, behalf of immigrants and refugees now. Wake my audience up. What is it like for? Alex Halberstadt to wake up and find himself in America having grown up near to Moscow. was. It was wonderful. I'M NOT GONNA lie, you know as as a nine and ten year old I thought America was amazing. It was every every kid's dream. You know unlimited consumer goods based. Professional wrestling on television now it was really it was. It was a wonderland. You grew up. In Russia what did the Russian novel mean to you control? It was a huge. Influence on my life does go ski in particular but Tolstoy, so tell me about your relation to the Great Russian literature. I think my relationship was a little ambivalent I tried to read. And I think, I have read most of tolstoy industy upscale entered. In, Russia which took. Eventually started to take a lot longer than it did in English and I loved reading those books. But it kind of you know. I found that also a little confusing because it kind of. I think in some ways overlapped with my experience of having grown up in Russia and kind of taught me about kind of the version of Russia that I was that I only got to know through books. I lived there in the nineteen seventies during the heyday of Soviet Union. You know surrounded by. Socialist realism and this was kind of a rush that I was only getting to know through books innocent I? Think one the things that fascinates me about your book young. Heroes of the Soviet Union it's an memo R- and reckoning the subtitles The You Come. To consciousness. After the death of what I was taught growing up was the great solve fullness of Russia. The Soviet Union. With the secret police and the thongs. parentally, your grandfather was a murderous thug. he certainly was. Who was himself. Murdering Jews and the other so headed your family. Your mother's side was Jewish. Yes, yes, so what happens then to the Russians so? The Russian soul. Well, you know it's funny. A part of writing this book was kind of trying to reckon a I think it's subtitled reckoning because. It was an attempt to reckon with what that country means. WHOA, how Howard was formed, and it's also a nation of readers, a nation of people who? Love jokes anecdotes, and you know they are indeed a very soulful. People, but also simultaneously it is a country that has an uninterrupted history of despotism of cruelty of. Secret Police of. The government that treats its people essentially as vassals, and you know so it is, it is a very. Confusing and ambivalent legacy, you
Firefighters Quickly Quell Shed Fire in Mid-City Area of Los Angeles
"Out a shed fire in the mid city community. The fire broke out shortly before 11 this morning on West PICO Boulevard. Smoke filled a one story role of commercial buildings because of the detached shed in the back. But if I wre officials say the fire did not spread into the building that settle Stalin
Referendum In Russia Passes, Allowing Putin To Remain President Until 2036
"The Kremlin said Russians had shown how much they trusted. President Vladimir Putin with a nationwide vote that gave him the right to run for two more times while people wondered on Thursday whether he really would stay on another sixteen years, announcing final results of the week long votes, officials said nearly seventy eight percent of voters had backed changes to the constitution, allowing Putin who's fourth term as president ends in twenty, twenty, four to run for two more back to back six year terms. This means the sixty seven year old former KGB officer, who has ruled Russia, over two decades as either. Either President or prime. Minister could be in power until he's eighty. Three go loss say non governmental organization that monitors elections said it had recorded numerous irregularities during the vote, including ballot, stuffing and widespread cases of employers, forcing staff to cost a ballot already the longest serving leader in modern Russian history since Joseph Stalin Putin has said he has yet to decide on his political future, but wanted officials to avoid getting distracted by the question of who one day might succeed him. Opposition activists have called the vote illegitimate and said it was designed to legalize a Putin presidency for life. Only, one of Russia's eighty-five regions, remote nenets was recorded as having voted against the constitutional changes amid discontent there over a plan to merge it with another region.
Pelosi pushes for removal of Confederate statues
"House speaker Nancy Pelosi on Wednesday demanded the removal of Confederate statues occupying the U. S. capitol has remained silent on her father's role in overseeing the dedication of the Stonewall Jackson and Robert E. Lee monuments while serving as Baltimore's mayor in nineteen forty eight now face a true Stalin's revolution Nancy Pelosi would be called to account because her blood was involved in promoting the confederacy doesn't matter she was or not that's your blood that's one generation ago she hasn't even been confronted by the media on this hasn't even been confronted except by Breitbart posted this week formally requested the removal of Confederate statues occupying the U. S. capitol dismissing them as monuments to men who advocated cruelty and barbarism to achieve such a plainly racist and the demand comes as angry protesters across the nation take matters into their own hands vandalizing in some cases beheading statues and monuments memorializing the civil war era and beyond I'm surprised they don't have a guillotine as I've said before the halls of Congress or the very heart of our democracy the statues in the capitol should embody our highest ideals as Americans expressing who we are and who we aspire to be as a nation Pelosi said in her letter to committee chair Roy blunt and vice chairs Alaska monuments to men who advocated cruelty and barbarism to achieve such a plainly races center grotesque affronts to the ideals she said our ideals their statues pay homage to hate not heritage they must be removed well then her father's a real SOB he's a real **** he's a real racist and a hater Thomas Dallesandro that's her maiden name oversaw the dedication of such a statue in Baltimore's Wyman park the Stonewall Jackson and Robert E. Lee monument is mayor of the city in nineteen forty eight mark that's way back in nineteen for who cares we're going way back to three hundred years now at the time the speaker's father said people can look to Jackson Lee's lives as inspiration and urged Americans to emulate Jackson's example and stand like a stone wall against aggression in any form that would seek to destroy the liberty of the world he said what was wanted to found the north and south fighting for a common cause the general ship in military science displayed by these two great men in the war between the states lived on and were applied in the military's plans of our nation in Europe and the Pacific areas he's right about that Alexander said of the dedication the Baltimore sun continued today with our nation beset he said by subversive groups of propaganda which seeks to destroy our national unity we look for inspiration to the lives of Leah Jackson to remind us to be resolute determined in preserving our sacred institutions and goes on city crews remove the statue in August twenty seventeen on the direction of the city council close his office did not respond to Breitbart's request for comment on the
"stalin" Discussed on Blind History
"Could you position installing start to feel it, but I think the timing was incredible because Lennon started I think he had three strokes, and you'd really had his first stroke and linens wafts started to speak out against Arslan. And installing phoned her and colder syphilitic whole a to. The phone. And Linen heard about this, and they basically said to him. Look if you do not apologize and make things clear. I think it's the end of the line between you and me and the next day he basically at the worst stroke, and died just off of it and I think stolen spent a bit of Tom. Making Shea squashed that discussion, it's famously been recorded that Stalin and crew Skyer who is linens? Wife were not best of friends, and she actually released a whole lot of linens letters, which purport to say that Stalin is not a great guys got bad manners to coast. He's too rough. He's vulgar. He's rude and that he shouldn't lead. But a lot of people say that she might have written these letters I think in the end they have lost and unfortunately. If you didn't have a good relationship with Stalin, you're dead and nothing gets. You ended up like that, so he took over then often linen, but it was by no means an easy job because he had to make alliances with some dodgy people, and then break those alliances later on ultimately with the goal of establishing himself at the center of things he was not interested in. You know a communal decision making body. He wanted to make the. You're one hundred percent. A dictators, what is the was and I think it was quite easy. Because Trotsky was looking at the mocks collective in the whole world, it started with sanctity supporters. Look, we're looking at. It decided union and say he got strong. Support Trotsky didn't get the support that he thought he would get him in Lenin's wife Tipper Party and try to go against Stalin. And that was the ultimate demise of Trotsky. He was sent into exile later on Stalin Sin Somebody to met him with. Another famous death but I do WANNA breeze quickly through the years before World War Two, because that's what's stunning, really came to aggregate immense power around himself, but he went through a number of crises I mean the one that's most well known as that feminine and the collectivization of farming where he murdered the cool lax and the great terror as it's cold also. Also, which was the execution of some seven hundred thousand people who we know about? There are many more that we don't know about. Their mass graves all over Russia of people who he called detractors need liberals..
Leon Trotsky assassination attempt - May 24, 1940
"APP on Apple podcasts. Or wherever you get your podcast. This Day in history class is a production of iheartradio. Hey y'all I'm eaves and welcome to this day in History Class. A podcast for people who could never know enough about history today is may twenty fourth twenty twenty. The Day was may twenty fourth nineteen forty Mexican artists. W fosse GAYDOS and Stalinist agent. Gula Vich along with a crew of hitmen attempted to donate Leon Trotsky Trotsky was a Soviet revolutionary and Marxist threats who was a leading figure in the Bolshevik movement under Vladimir Lenin after Lennon died in nineteen twenty four and Joseph. Stalin rose to power in the Communist Party in Soviet Union Chomsky emerged. As one of Stalin's main critics and opponents Trotsky was against the increasingly bureaucratic Soviet state and called for more democracy in the Communist Party. He thought that the Stalinist policy of socialism and one country would hinder efforts for World Revolution in Nineteen Twenty Five. Trotsky was removed from his post in the war commissariat. The next year he was dropped from the Polit Bureau and in nineteen twenty seven he and his supporters were expelled from the Communist Party. In January of Nineteen Twenty eight Trotsky was exiled to a tie and Soviet Central Asia. He lived there for a year before he his wife and their son were expelled from the Soviet Union and sent to Turkey but he continued to write and criticize Stalin as well as people who had opposed Stalin but has settled for the regime. Trotsky settled on the Turkey island of principle where he stayed for four years. He completed his autobiography and his three volume history of the Russian revolution some of his supporters volunteer to serve as his bodyguards but in nineteen three Chomsky and his family were offered asylum in France soon enough. He was no longer welcome in France either and he moved to Norway then Mexico where he had been granted asylum skis settled in Koya con area of Mexico City at the Blue House the home of painter Diego Rivera and free to Carlo and he continued to write completing the revolution betrayed in one thousand nine hundred eighty six but in a series of trials in the late. Nineteen thirties many so-called old bolsheviks were found guilty of treason and imprisoned or executed many of the defendants confessed to having plotted with Trotsky to kill Stalin and other Soviet leaders Trotsky was found guilty of treason in absentia and sentenced to death on May twenty fourth. Nineteen forty Stalinist agent. Iosif Grigorovich
Who Was Karl Marx, and What Were His Philosophies?
"With glance at Karl. Marx's curriculum vitae says a lot economist philosopher journalist sociologist political theorist historian. Add to that socialist communist in the original meaning of the word and revolutionary and. That's just a start. Karl Heinrich Marx was one of the most respected minds of the nineteenth century. His meditations on how societies work and how they should work have informed and challenged humans for more than one hundred and fifty years. Yet to the uninitiated marks may be only a bushy mugged symbol of revolution the father of communism the hater of capitalism. He's considered by many especially in the West as the man whose ideas spurred authoritarian communist regimes in Russia China and beyond that again is selling the man short. Because it's not entirely right in his book Karl Marx. A nineteenth century life author. Jonathan Sperber wrote viewed positively. Marks is a far seeing profit social and economic developments an advocate of the emancipatory transformation of state and society from a negative point. Marks is one of those most responsible for the pernicious and features of the modern world. If nothing else marks was a keen observer of the human condition he was deep finger with bold ideas about how to make life better we spoke with Lawrence Talmon who teaches a course on marks and philosophy at the University of Chicago and is the CO author of a chapter on Marx and Marxism in the rootlets. Handbook of philosophy and Relativism domine said Marx himself was first and foremost kind of scientist. He was a student of reality but he himself struggled throughout the course of his career. How exactly to put his ideas to politics. It's important to note that despite his one time lofty standing in what was then the Soviet Union marks was born in tier in the Kingdom of Prussia in eighteen eighteen. That's what's now known. As the Rheinland area of western Germany. After the failed German Revolution of Eighteen. Forty eight marks fled to London where he eventually died in eighteen eighty three. He's buried beneath a large tomb in London's highgate cemetery. Inscribed with the words workers of all lands unite but marks grew up privileged the son of well off and liberal parents in an ancient town that had been racked for decades before his birth by Warren Revolution that upheaval cultural religious and political shaped his parents and was a big part of young. Marx's upbringing later marks attended universities studying law and philosophy where he became engaged to and later married a Prussian baroness it was well studied philosophy and law that marks introduced the works of German Philosopher Yard Ville Helm Friedrich. Hegel whose ideas he used to later. Form his take on Communism Marx began a career. As journalists early twenties writing for radical newspapers in Cologne and Paris the route he consorted with other liberal minded philosophers and by his mid twenties met and collaborated with one of the major influences in his life. Friedrich Engels it was angles who convinced marks that societies working class would be the instrument to fuel revolutions and bring about a more fair and just society in eighteen forty eight the to published a pamphlet. That would be the basis for a new political movement. The communist manifesto in eighteen eighty three after Marx's death engels summed up the main idea in the communist manifesto like this quote that economic production and the structure of society of every stoorikhel epoch necessarily arising therefrom constitute the foundation for the political and intellectual history of that epoch the consequently ever since the dissolution of the primeval communal ownership of land. All history has been a history of class struggles of struggles between exploited and exploiting between dominated and dominating classes at various stages of social evolution. That this struggle however has now reached a stage where the exploited and oppressed class. The proletariat can no longer emancipate itself from the class which exploits and oppresses it. The bourgeoisie without at the same time forever. Freeing the whole of society exploitation oppression and class struggles domine explained marks was always concerned to understand the real underlying causes of social phenomenon the events and institutions that kind of shape the social world marks wanted to kind of dig down beneath the appearances and see what was really going on early on in his career. He thought that the best arena to do that in was philosophy and then as time went on he transitioned more into the social sciences. What's most important about marks is that he very much had a kind of engineering mentality about society he wanted to know. What makes it work? And how if we want to change it do we change it. What are the levers that we have to pull? Marx's eighteen forty seven economics work capital a critique of political economy a takedown of capitalism that decried the exploitation of the working class crystallized debate one that continues today between the West's ruling social and economic theory capitalism and Marx's idea of communism too many. It's a fight that hits rich versus poor bourgeoisie versus proletariate ruling class versus workers. And it's even more than that to those who debate it. It's right versus wrong. An argument about the best path to a perfect society. But that of course is very simplistic and doesn't get Marx's thinking right the Allman said above all else the association the people have with marks is that he some Utopian Pie in the sky dreaming a perfect world that is free of all the nastiness we live in now really that couldn't be further from the truth. Marks had a kind of engineering mindset. He was probably of all the major figures in the history of political thought the most practical the most realistic he was the most concerned with what is really possible. In the real world what marks to find as communism boiled down society that produces goods only for human need not for profit and in which there is no master slave royalty peasants owner worker relationship and therefore no need to overthrow. Anybody certainly clashes with the materialism of capitalism. But it's a long way from what many today see is communism to after the Russian revolution of nineteen seventeen and later under Joseph Stalin's reign some of Marx's ideas along with those of Ladimir Lennon were used to build a new empire. Millions were killed along the way similarly millions died in China under the rule of Mao. Zedong's Communist Party domine acknowledged. It's hard to even talk about what marks out of communism without dragging in all the weight from Soviet Russia and Communist China and obviously a lot of people hold marks responsible for that or -tarian rules like Stalin's and malls were not what Marx had in. Mind it's important to note too. That Marx did not hate capitalism. He actually saw some virtue in the system. He saw it as a necessary precursor to communism and he envisioned some of the technological challenges automation unseating workers for example. That are true today. Domine explained marks was very impressed with the kind of progressive character of capitalism by forcing people from all different walks of life into the same workplaces capitalism. Kind of breaks down. The old divides between communities and so things like race and gender religion. Divide people less. The more people are forced to see each other as equals in the workplace. Marks recognized marveled at the economical and technical growth the capitalism begets and saw it as an improvement from previous societies. Later in life. Domin says mark suggested that a growth capitalism might be a way to move toward communism instead of all out revolution but he still saw communism with no master slave dynamic as the end goal in that way and in others. Marx's idea of communism was far from the atrocities that have been committed in the name of communism elsewhere and his ideas are still perhaps strangely many a beacon and a search for a better way of life in that this practical and deep thinker of the nineteenth century still has relevance in today's world. Dahlman said marks was so committed to giving a kind of rational criticism of everything not just the enemy but to himself in everything he was willing to criticize the old modes of life and show how capitalism kind of improved on them but he was also willing to criticize capitalism and show how we could foresee improvement coming in the future. That is still hopeful vision.
"stalin" Discussed on Behind the Bastards
"To make his own study group dedicated to fucking shit up as well as reading the first outlet for his youthful rage would be a particularly aggressive seminary priest nickname black spot for a hideous molen his head in eighteen ninety seven dollar had. I've been caught thirteen times reading banned books and as a result blackspot launched a crusade to break up the secret reading circles. He would search boys footlockers dirty laundry. Over the Muncie grew obsessed assessed with catching Stalin. And I'M GONNA quote again from young stolen at prayers. The boys had the Bible Open on their desks and red marks plucking off the sage of Russian Marxism on their knees in the courtyard stirred a huge pile of firewood. In which Stalin Era Micheli would hide. The band works in where they would sit and read them. She'd say who's blackspot waited for this and then and sprang out to catch them but they manage to drop the books into the logs. We were locked up in the detention cell at one sitting late into the evening and darkness without food but hunger maintenance rebellious. We banged on the doors until the among brought us something to eat. Stolen grew his hair out long as an act of protest deliberately targeting blackspot when the priest demanded he cut it. Stalin thumbed his nose at the man. This prompted the priests to to crack down harder and one night. He finally succeeded in catching the reading circle in the act writing filthy jokes in a notebook. The priests leapt into the room and grabbed the journal out of Stalin's hand and Young Stalin. Stalin refused to give it up and they wound up fighting over the book. The priest one black spot march stolen back to his room and force the boys to soak their journal with Wax and light it on fire after this he continued stocking stolen catching him again. A few nights later reading forbidden books. This was enough to get a letter sent home to kick a who road to immediately to talk with her son. They had what Joseph called their first argument over this at one point told him my son. You're my only child. Don't kill me. How will you be able to defeat Emperor Nicholas the second? Leave that to those who have brothers and sisters hurt by his mother's pain and fear. Joseph a shared her that he was not a rebel called this his first lying. Yeah Yeah Yeah it was. Joseph's behavior continued to degrade and his grades finally slipped to. He was still one of the best students at the seminary but was no longer at the top top of the class seminary journals note that he declared himself. An atheist refused to pray talked in class and would not take his hat off as a sign of respect to the monks he received eleven mornings things in the space of a few days which prompted blackspot and his fellow priests to searches possessions Yeah so he's he's he's You could say the acting out at this year I mean he's being radical yeah he's he's been radicalized that he's acting out. Yeah so this this all kind of comes to a head with you. Know sort of a fight between Stalin and this monk the blackspot who is like his his like really the guy who pushes stolen stolen out of you know what might be considered a normal path in life and kind of on this revolutionary course. His head was leading them there but this is the guy that he sort of love binds all of those feelings of frustration. Up In right. It's like yeah you go to college and you read and learn and you like find these groups of people people but you don't have. Yeah this sort of like this. You like uniting figure. Yeah pushes you. Yeah even Farther Abashidze the blackspot this this this priest kind of becomes the symbol of everything. That's wrong with society right. Yeah and I'm going to quote one more time. The Book Young Stalin about sort of the last fight they have in the seminary. They sprinted back into the seminary just in time to see the Inspector Force Open Stalin's trunk and find some Forbidden Works Wchs Abashidze grabbed them and triumphantly bearing his prize up the stairs. When one of the group charged in Ram the monk almost loosening his grip on the books but blackspot held on valiantly the boys jumped on him and knocked the volumes out of his hands Stalin himself ran up seize the books and took to his heels? He was banned from visiting town and cal and his friend who had charged them. Priest was expelled yet. Ironically so-so schoolwork seemed to improve. He received very good for us for most subjects in a five for logic even now we still enjoyed his history lessons indeed. He so liked his history teacher feature the only seminary teacher. He admired that he later took the trouble to save his life. Meanwhile the blackspot had lost control of Stalin but could not restrain his own obsessive pursuit of this malcontent. They were getting closer to the breaking point. The monk crept up on him and peaked at him reading yet. Another Forbidden Book. He then pounced taking the book from him but Stalin simply wrenched it out of his hands to the amazement of the other boys ways within rent on reading it. Abashidze was shocked. Don't you know who I am. He shouted stolen rubbed his eyes and said I see the black spot and nothing else he had crossed the line. Um Yeah. Joseph was expelled in May of eighteen ninety nine. The official cause was non-appearance at exams. But this is not entirely accurate for years. Josefa claim that he'd been expelled old from Marxist propaganda his mother however claimed that he'd been taken out of school against his will by her when he caught pneumonia. But the real cost seems to be more painful than either of these the blackspot spot raise the tuition rates. Just high enough that he could no longer afford to pay for Joseph to stay enrolled in. This seems to be what forced him out of seminary interest but this it was not a great tragedy for Young Stalin. He long ago decided he was never going to become a priest. According to Sebastian Montefiore blackspot had perversely turned Stalin into an atheist Marxist exist and taught him exactly the repressive tactics surveillance spying invasion of inner life violation of feelings and Stalin's own words that he would recreate and his Soviet police state. And that cody takes us up to Stalin's adulthood. Oh what fun hood baby. Yeah a little baby Joe. Doing crimes learning lessons having Shit right having secret clubs. Yeah Seger Club Book Club eating eaten up teachers. More enemy is pre putting on his fight close but getting getting kidnapped a couple couple of times kidnapped more times than any of the other students. We've talked subjects. We've talked about. He really got kidnapped a lot. Well and I mean you you know usually get kidnapped once and that's Kinda that's that's the one Did Shit Yeah Cody. Change your opinion of our old buddy Jay install at all. I wouldn't say it's changed. I would say it's more robust. Some illuminations yeah Yeah I mean sort of every step of the way like Oh yeah that makes sense okay. He took that he took that with them. Carried that with them for a long that one stayed with them while sort of every action he took in every action taken against like. Yep All right there you go that's yeah very illuminating. cushite cushite Cool Shit Well County has convinced you to start your own. Marxist Utopia in the steps of Russia convinced me more. Yeah We're GONNA fight days. We're GONNA just going to be fight kidnapping children. I learned the opposite lesson. There are that I've learned. That can having good so it is good. This is always been a pro kidnapping pod okay. That's okay I didn't I didn't I didn't want to presume so no sophie. We're we're sponsored by the concept of kidnapping right. I mean yes sir. Number one sponsors the concept of kidnap from code do it code good excellent. Do It exclamation point x Ray Promo Code Kidnapping at the new APP kidnapper with Nowy. Take the children dot com take children DOT COM. Oh boy cody you WanNa plug you plug. Ables can't wait and so I won't do it now Yeah got a show called. Got Some more news. You can check it out on Youtube We got a twitter. My personal twitter's Dr. Patrick Cody We've PODCAST COZ Katie. Stole even more news going another podcast with Mike Katie. Stole and other Co host Robert Evans called worst year. Ever on and good. It's pretty good It's terrible in terms of The subject matter and the time in which it's recorded And Yeah our Patriot. Dot Com more news. Want to support that and I don't know what's up guys. How you doing in the Democrats are losing the impeachment as we speak because the Democrats are losers? Ah Yeah the Democrats what. Joseph Stalin wouldn't have done is taken no for an answer from Congress. But that's not a good thing in reaction maybe not something they should do so by the time. This episode comes out on Thursday because the Senate's voting on Wednesday the biggest losers a bunch of losers lost the the witness vote today. Our only hope is that the corona virus makes it into a really nice. DC Steakhouse MHM Congress a little bit like this other things that can happen. nope that don't involve that. Is it feel like I feel like that happens in this spread more. Maybe maybe it won't be contained to just a few members of Congress that we wanted to go away. NOPE nope all right. That's IT Promo Promo Code and your only hope is to listen to more behind the bastards. You can find us on the Internet along with the sources for this episode at behind the Bastards Dot Com. you can find me on twitter at I right okay. You can find us on twitter and Instagram at Bastards Pot You know that's the that's the episode out into the world and remember the most important lesson of Joseph Stalin regularly fistfight. All of your neighbors then catapulted cow the catapult the hell out of the cow. Wait wait I'm Brooke shooter. I'm America's number one gossip columnist. I want to tell you about my new celebrity. podcast Naughty but nice with rob shooter every Monday Monday through Thursday. I'll be joined by some of my fellow gossip reporters and maybe even a celebrity or to to serve up the freshest T. Listen and subscribe on the iheartradio APP apple podcasts. Or wherever you get your favorite shows available now from Iheart a new series presented by t mobile for business the restless ones join me. Jonathan Strickland as I explore the coming technological revolution with the restless business leaders who stand right on the cutting edge. They know there is a better way to get things done and they are ready. Curious excited cited for the next technological innovation to unlock their vision of the future in each episode. We'll learn more from the restless ones themselves and dive deep into how the five Oh gee. Revolution could enable their teams to thrive. The restless ones is now available on the iheartradio APP. Or wherever you listen to podcasts..
"stalin" Discussed on Historical Figures
"Some believe it was poison slipped into his evening wine. We may never know for sure. But on that day in early March, the tyranny of Joseph Stalin was over. He died at seventy three over but not forgotten. He contributed to a legacy of tyranny that would shape the world in many ways, the red scare and McCarthyism from nineteen fifty to nineteen fifty four turn the United States upside down as people were accused of being communists. This resulted in the persecution of several individuals. It was a modern day, witch hunt. Stalin's involvement and Korea's political affairs contributed to the Korean war communism which she had helped expand spread in many nations and we can't forget about his death count. It is estimated that due to Stalin's labour camps, the great famine and his ordered execution. He's responsible for at least twenty million deaths, but historians have calculated his number of victims, meaning those not only killed, but also those exiled or deported at more like forty million. That number is unbelievable, and perhaps even overlooked. It seems that Stalin's crimes are often overshadowed by Hitler and his atrocities considering the happened around the same time overshadowed maybe, but not to be ignored Timothy Snyder in an article from the New York review posed the question who was worse Hitler stolen at the top of the article. He answers with this quote, Hitler was worse because his regime propagate. It'd the unprecedented horror of the holocaust, the attempt to a radical, an entire people on racial grounds. Yet Stalin was also worse because his regime killed far far more people, tens of millions. It was often claimed in the endless waste of the gulag in quote, it's nearly impossible to come to a conclusion because of the scope and depth of the atrocities. No answer could ever be satisfying when you're discussing so many innocent lives lost due to one man's inability to look past his nightmares of conspiracy as Stalin said, quote, I trust no one, not even myself..
"stalin" Discussed on Historical Figures
"Soon after US president, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, British Prime minister Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin met in Crimea to discuss the state of the world post war. The three came to the agreement that after Germany's official surrender, they would divide up the nation into fours zones. Each country plus France would occupy one of those zones to establish social and economic unity. Postwar. However, all four nations knew where the power lay Germany's capital city Berlin. Whoever took control of that would have the most control over Germany at the conference. Stalin agreed to allow. Free elections in Poland, which would reflect a more democratic government. When World War Two came to a close in Europe US president, Harry s Truman who succeeded FDR after his death gave a speech announcing the good news, solemn glorious. Our. Has had live to witness this day generalizing har- informs me that the forces of Germany has surrender to the United Nations, flags of freedom, fly all over Europe. Another meeting between the three nations took place in San Francisco in April, and this resulted in plans for the creation of the United Nations which was formed in October of nineteen forty five. The goal of the United Nations to establish and maintain peace and security fight for human rights and help resolve international economic social and political conflicts. By this point, Truman and Churchill were not happy with Stalin's actions. He had broken his promise of free elections in Poland. As tensions rose American and British ties to the Soviet Union began to disintegrate. This was the start of the Cold War America's approach. For preventing stolen expansionism and hostile takeover was deemed containment. Nineteen forty eight stolen tried to take full control over Berlin with military force, stall and trap the citizens inside the city. The US responded by airlifting supplies. So Stalin decided to try and one of them again, desiring to become the world's one and only superpower in began the construction of an atom bomb to rival that of the US q.. The famous arms race after the Soviets tested their bomb in nineteen forty, nine president, Truman sanctioned the creation of an incredibly destructive atomic bomb. In response, the hydrogen bomb, this began the tents and terrifying threat of nuclear destruction. The potential for third World War living in a state of constant fear. People built bomb shelters and had plans in place in the event of nuclear war. At any moment, the decimation of the world could commence. It was an anxiety ridden time for the world and especially for Joseph Stalin by nineteen fifty three, the seventy three year olds health began to decline with his paranoia. On the rise, he rejected his doctor's orders to rest more and work less so much so that he had his doctor arrested for even suggesting it stolen surrounded himself with a tight knit group of advisers. If he got the slightest whiff of suspicion, he would have no problem removing them from their posts or worse, and he made sure they were aware of that paranoia and suspicion became Stalin's default status, and he was planning another purge similar to that which occurred in the nineteen thirties, this concerned his advisors, they may have questioned Stalin's ability to continue leading the Soviet Union. On the night of February twenty eighth nineteen fifty three stolen summoned his men, including LeBron Lavrinic Beria the head of the secret police and Nikita Khrushchev of valued member of Stalin's inner circle. They watched a movie had a meal and discussed plans for extracting confessions from suspicious individuals. They finished around five or six in the morning crew shift later recalled quote, we said goodbye to comrade Stalin and departed. A remember that when we were in the entrance hall, Stalin came out as usual to see us off. It was in a jocular mood and joked a lot. We left in good spirits. Those dinners did not always end on a happy note the next day, none of the inner circle had heard from Stalin. It wasn't until ten thirty in the evening that someone went to check on him either a guard or a maid entered his private quarters to check stolen was on the floor in his pajamas lying. In a pool of his own urine. He wasn't moving. Doctors were eventually called and they found that Stalin was unresponsive. It appeared. He had suffered a stroke, but he was still alive for now. But on March fifth, nineteen Fifty-three stone began vomiting blood from stomach hemorrhage. He died soon after what would have caused the bleeding in his stomach..
"stalin" Discussed on Historical Figures
"Despot in town or near town. A man who would go down in history as the most notorious dictator to ever live Adolf Hitler. Stalin was watching Hitler at his actions closely. He used him as a model for leadership. He liked how Hitler manipulated the population and eliminated political opponents, and he saw how successfully Germany invaded Austria and Czechoslovakia acting out of fear or perhaps just being proactive stolen decided to ally with Hitler. He expected to gain territory the Baltics and half of Poland. The Soviet Union and Germany signed nonaggression pact in August of nineteen thirty nine in the summer of nineteen forty. The Nazi troops were in full swing and actively taking over Europe and Hitler got greedy. We'll return to our story in just a moment from the park cast network. And now back to the story sixty three year old. Joseph Stalin was allied with Nazi Germany in nineteen forty one towards the middle of World War Two. He. He genuinely believed that they were both fighting on the same side. There were suspicions that the Germans would invade the Soviet Union. Next by Stalin didn't consider this a real threat. They had the peace pact, but on June twenty. Second nineteen forty one German troops crossed into Russian territory. Stalin's interpreter at the time later recalled how quiet stolen became when he heard the news, he was shocked speechless. It didn't take long for Russian cities to fall under attack Stalin had spent so much time and energy purging the military of its leaders and commanders that there were not enough forces for the Soviet Union to defend itself. And then the war became especially personal for stolen German troops captured his firstborn son Yakov, who is serving in the Red Army. He was now thirty six years old. Once the Germans discovered who he was they told stolen. They would return Yaacov alive in exchange for one of their own prisoners of war. Frederick Paulo. Who's a German field marshal if stolen said, yes, he would have his son back, but what was his answer? Quote, I will not trade a martial for a Lieutenant. One theory as to why stall in didn't trade Paulos for his son was because of the damaging precedent. It might start if stolen traded a German military leader for his son. What about all the other Russian sons who were prisoners of war right at may have been easier to avoid the trade completely, which is what Stalin did as cold and calculating as it was. By this point, it seemed that Stalin's heart had become so hardened, not even the potential death of his son could soften it and it didn't on April fourteenth nineteen. Forty-three German troops shot Yaacov at the internment camp. They claim they shot him as he was trying to escape, but it's more likely that they executed him. Yakub had tried to kill himself several years earlier, but only ended up with a wound. Now, Stalin's firstborn. Son was dead and Stalin had crossed the point of no return. Meanwhile, sixteen year old, spent Lana had fallen in love with Alexia cobbler, a Jewish filmmaker more than twice her age Stalin sent cobbler to a labor camp earnings fed lawn as rage. His family was falling apart at the seams as World War Two raged on stolen, became disappointed with his troops. He said his sights on protecting one city in particular, the city named for him. Stalingrad German troops were already initiating takeover. And if they were successful, it would cut off Soviet transport to the south. Plus this was stolen city. If it fell in the hands of Hitler, it would be a loss on many levels. So Stalin had to protect it. But German bombs were coming down from the sky and tearing through buildings and monuments. There was no better time for a counter-offensive. The Soviet Union had plan codename operation, urine as the attack shocked the German troops by destroying the weaker flanks. This was a major turning point during the battle of Stalingrad something no one could have expected and overtime. This offensive began to tear down the German forces, but retreat was not an option for Hitler. So he ordered his men to remain and fight yet. There was one thing he hadn't anticipated the harsh Russian winter. To make matters worse. Nazi troops were low on food and medical supplies, which weaken their forces considerably on February second nineteen, forty-three German troops, surrendered to the Soviets Stalingrad was back in the hands of its people that battle change the course of the war..
"stalin" Discussed on Historical Figures
"To increase coal production by one hundred eleven percent iron production by two hundred percents in electric power production by three hundred thirty, five percent other some numbers. His justification for this. If the Soviet Union did not industrialize rapidly, it would be defenseless against western capitalist countries. There's more Stalin plan to motivate workers with a controversial caveat labors would no longer receive equal pay. Instead, the harder a man worked. The more he was rewarded. How was this measured by the output of product? This differed from the previously established principle that all men contribute to the workforce and receive the same amount for doing. So to make matters worse, the food shortage became an even larger problem and stolen began enforcing collectivisation in which individual funds were consolidated into government farms, Stalin blame the peasants for the shortage, accusing them of hoarding grain and ordered communist members to raid the rural areas and bring back as much grain as they could. He instituted a. See that required peasant farmers to hand over their extra grain. The coup lacks a group of wealthy farmers who owned land and could afford to hire help resisted Stalin's law. And so he considered them enemies of the state. This however, did not solve the food shortage so stolen called for something even more drastic. He ordered the destruction and the cool ax as a class stolen divided the cool axe into three groups which would determine their fate deportation, imprisonment or death. Regarding this policy stolen actually wrote quote, we must break the back of the peasantry because of this millions of peasants and farmers, starved and event, which was deemed the great famine. It was so horrible that some even turn to cannibalism after the cool act deportations began opposition against stall and his policy became rampant. One of these opponents was martinian recruiting who organized a group in Moscow this group set their sights on removing stolen from leadership review, ten even went further writing a manifesto opposing stolen and seeking democracy that reflected the political system of the west. As you may have guessed this greatly angered Stalin he called for the man's execution because of this stall on and his protege, Syria cure offs relationship began to change because key off argued openly against the death penalty in nineteen thirty to fifty three year old Stalin had rootin- arrested expelled from the communist party and sentenced to ten years in prison. He couldn't get the support from his base for the execution that same year during a political gathering on November ninth nineteen thirty to Stalin's young wife. Dedaj criticized Stalin's policies in front of several of his colleagues stolen then began flicking cigarettes at her. Perhaps a warning that something worse might becoming or maybe he just intended to humiliate her. She eventually left the table and returned to her room. There. She ended her life. She was thirty one years old Nme has made claims that Stalin had actually killed his wife, but that was never confirmed for the accusation. The made received three years imprisonment, eleven year old Vassili and six year olds. Spent Lana took their mother's death pretty hard, spent long, especially she felt a real sense of abandonment in part because she no longer had the affection and support of her father, his quest for alternate control of the Soviet Union consumed him. In may of nineteen thirty four. He commanded the central committee of the communist party to rewrite Russian history to make Russians proud of their heritage which meant changing the truth about how the people felt about czarist oppression. He had schoolbooks rewritten to exclude the rebellions in general social Malays of the people, but it was also to make Stalin look good. This is when the propaganda began in the Soviet Union, massive posters and portrait's of Stalin line the streets. He appeared in newspapers every day. The man was portrayed as a savior of his people, a God. Even he took credit for the revolution, providing for the needs of his people and protecting them from the corruption of the west. In a nutshell, Stalin didn't agree with the west democratic policies. He wanted more control over his nation, which is probably one of the reasons he arranged the formation of the n. cave e. d. the new car. Communist secret police. This organization would carry out any and all of Stalin's commands, however heinous in invasive they were. But would he go as far as assoiation perhaps the people responded well to Stalin's former protege, gay cure off his eloquence, enthralled them Stalin did not have the same effect and he felt threatened by this..
"stalin" Discussed on Historical Figures
"Joseph Stalin, you know, the name, it reverberates with gravitas and also terror. The man was a Russian Bolshevik. Revolutionary turned politician who ruled the Soviet Union from nineteen twenty five to nineteen fifty three. The year he died. Stalin was depicted on posters as broad shouldered and big boned towering even a dark, mysterious, powerful juggernaut. But would you believe that he was actually only five feet four inches? That's crazy crazy, but true and one of his arms was shorter than the other due to a childhood injury where he was hit by a carriage, his face forever. Pockmarked by smallpox cars was rugged, terrain. That surrounded what some have referred to as tiger is and who could ignore that thick bushy moustache above a stern and rigid upper lip. I know I never can, but there's more to Joseph Stalin than his mustache and his falsely intimidating stature. Much more. He was a prisoner many times throughout his life and an exile. He was a devoted and tunnel vision revolutionary fighting for communism and against czarist rule. But he was also a dictator and murderer. Many times over these are all accurate and defining words for the various stages of his life and political career. But now let's get to know the man behind the red curtain. In order to do that. We must look at the world into which he came. The year was eighteen seventy nine. Russia was the largest country in the world with a landmass larger than the United States and Europe combined Russia's borders, included the Ukraine, extending all the way to Siberia. It was under the rule of czar. Alexander the third of the famous Romanoff dynasty which had been in power for around three hundred years, like all royalty, he and his family lived a rich and privileged life, but ninety percent of the population, sadly did not. The country was mostly made up of peasants and lower class workers, earning meager wages and living in simple villages. One of these villages was the town of Gori in the province of Georgia on December twenty. First in a modest house on a stretch of rural land. A baby was born his name Josef Dzhugashvili. Try saying that three times fast. It's not easy. I'm sure his mother. Ekaterina eighteen at the time of his birth was a housewife and washer. She had married at the young age of fourteen and had three children before Joseph, but they had all passed away during infancy..
"stalin" Discussed on Uncommon Knowledge
"Brief sure blunders mistakes limited horizons but he was able to do it he was a dictator of immense aptitude and they saw that firsthand that he was advancing the cause he had no harum few mistresses he was utterly devoted to the destruction of capitalism sure a big story is what how what the costs are the tremendous costs of eliminating markets and private property and how what we think would some left this is the solution is worse elimination of markets in property doesn't get you to freedom that's part of the story but for stalin it was necessary historically for those around him they share that view with him and they were in off his power i am also i don't have very much admirations for stalin many ways he was this murderous mendacious murderous amended are to to interview begin to describe what he's like but if you're interested in paul you're interested in how powers accumulated an exercise what the consequences the subject of stalin is just unbelievably deep it's bottomless i've learned so many lessons about power evil power power that kills when power that also was motivated by ideals and those around him look like opportunists cynics but they too believe in this dream of a better world it was a false god full street and the world wasn't better and we know that now and some of them figured that out along the way but in the meantime this guy stalin was carrying all of this on his back stephen kotkin the all author of winning for hitler nineteen twenty nine thousand nine hundred forty one thank you for part two of our conversation by the way i said that was less questions not what's the publication date of all three you will right the previous question was the last stephen thank you thank you for uncommon knowledge and the hoover institution i'm peter robinson.
"stalin" Discussed on Uncommon Knowledge
"And and if he doesn't the troops will invade so the black male theory so let me capture stone so the book the book ends i have one more which is dear to me because i really want to hear what you have to say about i want to get to one last question in part two of our conversation with the book ends is wonderful part from anything else highly dramatic but in the collectivisation part and then the section on the great terror you be you can begin to get the feeling that this man is just on but but as the book closes and he's confused by the german disinformation and he's believing what he wants to believe yes you see a human being uncertain well trapped so to speak but his own patterns of thought yes he's not i'm not and he's about to real as volumes three otis but here my last my last couple of questions about volume to stalin waiting for hitler question he pushes the country through famine collectivisation then comes the great terror when he eliminates over eight hundred thousand kills over eight hundred thousands people who are with him is how does he do it at the human level and i have two two two specific examples yeah just love molotov molotovs own wife is arrested and she sent into turn legs l and she stays there until stalin dies stalin keeps her in internal exo viacheslav molotov remained stall loyal to stalin's and to stalin's memory molotov is one of the last of the old bolsheviks to die he lives until nineteen ninetysix and never utters a word of regret or disloyalty to joseph stalin you're right stalin's personal assistant the one who sits in the room controls was going to go into see him shiv thank you for pronouncing it alexander post scroll bishop you got it stalin permits his wife ro schoolby chefs wife to be imprisoned and executed and post shiv remains loyal to stalin during the second world war he's working twenty hours a day with and again he dies dies in the sixties as i recall not a word of regret not avoided disloyalty this is just incomprehensible how is to us it's very difficult to understand but let's remember once again stalin is a communist he's midwife ing historical necessity he doesn't have time nor should he the vote himself to worries about morality pangs of conscience individual victims who will forgive him if if the revolution is overthrown we will forgive him if he fails to build a communist state he will be guilty before history for having failed in his stoorikhel duty so everything becomes subsumed to this and mass murder becomes justified because it's part of the movement of history and the supposed greater good of humanity we don't have any documents that show second thoughts that show stalin wondering if he should have killed so many people or feeling guilt about the peasants who start the documents we have and they're very voluminous are about stalin not wanting to fall short in building a great communist power and being angry at those who criticized him for doing so his minions they weren't off him stalin had capabilities that they didn't have he had a diligence he worked long hours he read hundreds of documents day he was in charge of culture the economy the political regime international relations imagine if you will responsible for washington dc new york city in hollywood all at the same time one purse and he was able to put in the time to be on top of his.
"stalin" Discussed on Uncommon Knowledge
"The most troops it had the most tanks and planes not all of them however were up to date heart of soviet militarization because it had started so early in the early nineteen thirties was that they had an obsolete tank park and obsolete planes meaning they had been built years earlier the technology had improved but they still had those older ones in their tank park or on their airfields nonetheless he had prepared to fight a war however he was afraid he was afraid of the german army he had watched them overrun poland overrun like you said the low countries and then smash france six weeks rance fell here stalin's thinking the germans are gonna beat come embroiled in a war in the west after world war one lasted for years in a couple of months the idea that this would happen in six weeks that a great power like france france was great power with gigantic military and great technology the idea that france would full so quickly was really unthinkable stall so things had shifted on him and the pact was no longer as brilliant after the fall of france the entire thing was predicated on all the capitalists remaining at war for a long period of time destroying each other but instead the germans destroyed their french enemy and we're still fully intact and began to move their troops to the eastern border with the soviet union let's remember when stalin's borders moved west in all that land he acquired the result was now a border with nazi germany and the german build up was bright it was impossible to conceal and soviet intelligence reported on the build up the storing of gasoline near the border the movement of tanks towards the border the number of troops up and down the board uses information stolen was receiving you have you have a document photocopy document here where stalling receives an intelligence report that there's trouble coming that the germans are moving and he writes across it in the top you can send this tell this your your officer that this send it to his and then there's a expletive mother yeah this he's not this is not information disinflation one of the things about intelligence is that it's always contaminated with information which is not true known as this information right so we sweep up electronically everything imaginable in russia today and we think that that electron ix avalance of their cell phones in their internet and their landlines we think that that's firsthand knowledge but the russians are deliberately pudding false information into that stream in order to confuse us and a little bit of disinformation can distract from accurate information that you've acquired so this is what the nazis did to stalin his well they inserted obviously full information into the intelligence so he was getting unbelievably good intelligence dolon was but it was contaminated by falsehoods that he could recognize and so this led him to disbelieve the veracity of the entire report he couldn't pick out what was the distant for mation and what was the accurate information this contamination process was extremely successful on the german side moreover the germans planted fake stories that were plausible knowing stalin psychology how to explain the troop buildup the first explanation was that it was there on the soviet eastern border in southeastern europe in order to attack british positions in the middle east because the british had still not capitulated they couldn't dislodge nazi germany from the continent from the occupation of france but the germans couldn't invade across the channel so the british were holding out so the germans told stalin by implanting the information let's remember the soviets had the best spy network in the world which the germans suspect it and so by allowing whispering of information they knew that it would get back to stalin so they told stalin that those troops in southeastern europe on his border or not to attack him but they were to attack the british positions in the middle east on the mine force british capitulation that way then they came up with a second story the second story was that all there won't be an invasion there's gonna be blackmail the troops are there to intimidate so that hitler can get what he wants without fighting so for example he wants ukraine stalin will have the hand over the breadbasket an industry of ukraine.
"stalin" Discussed on Uncommon Knowledge
"Cleared war on nazi germany so stalin head his intro imperialist war it couldn't have been more brilliant from his point of view he would gain just as you rightfully said new territories which czarist empire had controlled but he had lost the soviet union had lost during the revolution and civil war they became independent the three baltic countries part of poland that part of what became romanian known as bessarabia he recovered all those territories moreover there was an economic dimension to the pact whereby stalin would trade raw materials like grain and oil and manganese and other minerals metals to nazi germany in exchange for the latest prototype so the best weapons germany was producing so stalin was getting a corn acopia of machine tools armaments which he could then reproduce in his own factories reverse engineer sometimes even got the blueprints and he didn't have to reverse engineer so the pact was extremely beneficial to stalin hitler had given up his leverage in negotiation he wanted to invade poland and britain france had said that they would defend poland sovereignty so hitler was facing the possibility of a coalition against himself of britain france on one side and the soviet union on the other which would have been a two front war so hitler desperately needed to eliminate that possibility and he gave stalin of wonderful neil stalin essentially dictated terms the big gain of all the gains was that france and britain became the object of nazi invasion of nazi warfare so stalin looked like he won in the packed a great geopolitical victory and so from communist point of view peter it does make sense preventing the all capitals coalition turning the capitalist war against themselves and then standing on the sidelines waiting to benefit because the destruction will enable a socialist revolution in the west hitler moves west he invades he goes through belgium he takes france drives the british expeditionary the movie dunkirk presents that retreat across english channels great british victory in fact it was a retreat been driven from the continent of europe but then the game the game shifts at least hitler's thinking shifts and he decides he's going to open a second front after all and of course as we know this book this book ends on june twenty first nineteen forty four deep into the night hours just a few hours before the nazis invade which was chris will open volumes three we want that volume quickly please so we know as we read this book we know what's going to happen this nazis going to put three million troops against the soviet union there three different going to go to drive to the self drive straight at moscow they'll drive up toward leningrad and stalin will real and real and real and twenty million soviets are going to die in this conflict we know all that with this book shows is that stalin misses all the signals we know what's going to happen he misses the signals close again it's absolutely fascinating and thrilling although disley annoying that you can't turn the page and get onto the invasion we have to wait for volume three but you close with the night before the invasion and you make the german invasion of the soviet union and you make the point stalin his almost grudgingly his commanders see all kinds of german activity and he grudgingly permits the commanders to to raise the combat readiness of his troops but under strict instructions to avoid anything that might serve as a provocation for the nazis and a few hours after the germans give the signal to deploy and begin the invasion there's a soviet train that crosses the border carrying supplies for the germans how did stalin miss it we have to remember that's a great question and it's very difficult we have to remember though that stalin built a military power he spent a lot of time in his office known as the little corner inside the kremlin meeting with fficials about military factories about new arm man's about the latest and the greatest tanks and planes and artillery and even small arms and so he had prepared this was the greatest military in signs of any the soviet military in nineteen forty one in history and had.
"stalin" Discussed on Uncommon Knowledge
"And much of the rest of the thirties stalin is competing with chamberlain or hitler's good graces explain that these we have to go back momentarily briefly to recite treaty of nineteen nineteen which is the treaty the main treaties not the only one semaine treaty from world war one and that treaty is harsh punitive treaty towards germany which is labeled the aggressor in the first world war and has to pay punitive damages and many restrictions put on germany the size of its army is very small can't have this can't have that the soviet union is not a party to the treaty at all they don't even invite them to the treaty negotiations so you have this anomalous moment the only time post bismarck since the unification of germany that both germany and russia are flat on their back that's why the british and the french along with the americans are able to impose this for side treaty on germany without any russian participation this treaty can't last even if the british and the french have the willpower to enforce it it's gonna come at some time it's going to happen that germany and or russia rises up from it's back again and becomes a power it so happened that both of them germany and russia has the soviet became great powers again within a single generation so here's the problem what do you do with the treaty that was imposed at this anomalous time and now you have these two great powers that were either not part of the treaty at all or were the object of the tree and they want to revise the treaty so the british spend the entire into war period attempting to revise their own verse i trading the french are opposed to the revision and this complicates the factor the french live next to germany and suffered most of the damage of world war one which was fought not on british soil on french soil and then hitler comes into the picture in nineteen thirty three and further complicates the story because he begins to violate the verse i restrictions and what are the british gonna do they themselves have been trying to get germany inside a european security agreement a kind of new deal where germany is motivated to be part of this they're incentivized the behave properly and help opole.
"stalin" Discussed on Uncommon Knowledge
"One thousand nine hundred eighty nine hundred twenty nine thirty it gets lucky rain is good the conditions are good there's a first ever collectivisation there's a there's a lucky harvest but then you get to three bad harvests in a row famine five to seven million people starve to death yes another fifty to seventy million are malnourished they starve with somehow survive yes in the kazahkh region where the form of life had been nomadic yes now under collectivisation they're tied to the land of fifth of of the population dies and in the ukraine again it's village after village after village simply starves to death yes and within the police bureau what's happening people are saying comrade stalin i told that we have a catastrophe here does what how does he manage to hold it together and work through this charnel house that he's looking into which he's turned the also astonishing the famine is very substantial it's in more months in the polar north it's in georgia in the semi tropical south it's in parts of siberia the ethnic causa population about a third of the ethnic cossack population parishes in that's just an astonishing number the whole wheat belt which is the richest soil the best part of the country's economy before this the whole wheat belt suffers mass starvation and mass death when thinking of that as southern russia ukraine the coupon for example the don river israeli horrific and stalin is getting reports about this now he's making some concessions for example he reduces the quotas the delivery quotas of how much grain each region is supposed to give to the state their grudging concessions too little too late but he does concede he allows some food aid to be reduced to be taken from the warehouses and spread to the famine areas once again grudgingly too little too late but he knows the catastrophe is happening he's got quite a lot of information about he doesn't know the exact size of the harvest because the officials are over estimating it so he actually thinks there's more grain in the country than there is this is something that most of the historian griffey has missed but anyway a bunch of officials begin to whisper that this guy stalin is ruining the revolution they weren't anticommunist they were communists but they feared for communism's fate and they whispered and they gathered in some of them actually wrote a treatise about the horrors of stalin's dictatorship the regime being what it was people informed behind the backs of those were whispering the whispers were arrested and sentenced for essentially political crimes for speaking the truth and stalin survived he survived because his inner circle closed ranks around him out big roughly are we talking about a dozen people in this yes dozen we're talking about of a little bit around the dozen a little bit fewer and they saw that despite the catastrophe that was unfolding that none of them could lead the country they saw stalin was able to carry this regime on his back deal with international relations yield with the culture deal with the secret police stalin had tremendous.
"stalin" Discussed on Timesuck with Dan Cummins
"So here's how those purchase worked for the first trials of stalin's 'great purge stalin would force public trials on people he hedy brought kind of trumped up charges against and people who you know he was concerned about rebelling prior to trial they be tortured other families will be threatened air they'd be interrogated until quote unquote confessions were signed and then they're admission of guilt will be paraded in the trials were you know did she pure propaganda just for show stone wish saving the country from another war at the hands of treasonous rebels who wanted to destroy their beautiful nation full of all this bountiful drain after a few initial public trials private trials and continue at length now we're torture threats you go on to get those professions many of the criminals us started a as old prominent bolsheviks that stalin just needed out of the way stalin's secret police led the way for this under his very watchful eye and effectively just a limited anyone who may have thought anything challenging earth a thought about challenging him and all this happened in two short years from nineteen thirty six to nineteen thirty eight the the big part these purchase first on his crew came after deal bolsheviks than the military officials than government officials the moved on to wealthy farmers artists intellectuals foreigners minority scientists anyone that pistol enough you know or or pissed off member of a secret police in the end he killed or imprisoned everyone in this country who could have radically most helped him lead to success his extreme paranoia just deleted experts in academia agriculture military crippling his own goals the official number of purge victims stands at one million five hundred forty thousand three hundred sixty six detained person of which whom six hundred eighty one thousand six hundred ninety two were shot an average of one thousand executions a day of various historians claim that the real number of victims could be twice that much as so much killing so much killing the first purse trial was in august nineteen thirty six three prominent bolsheviks who helped in the october revolution mic guys who helped get fuck installing into power and thirteen codefense were accused of joining leon trotsky in creating a terrorist organization to unseat stalin and stalin pinned assassinations onem was telling probably likely been involved in himself actual actually.
"stalin" Discussed on Timesuck with Dan Cummins
"Is is grew a stalin's group organizes and has their biggest heist steals a two hundred fifty thousand rebels uh or robles excuse me i guess i was george georgian monetary unit or three hundred forty one thousand rubles equivalent to around three point eight six million dollars in a two thousand seventeen now two thousand eighteen money being transported to the imperial bank at lot a no one knows whether stalin took part in the actual execution of the attack in the highest which has team lobbed grenades at the bank stage coach and has mounted escort from the tops of nearby buildings opened fire on guards killed up to forty guards and some civilians as well as number of horses according to contemporary reports so you know forty plus people die but none of from his group so uh win for stalling man that's like i don't know if you remember that will movie heat with uh oh man it was it it was a dhaka doc holiday from a bell kilmer area is one of her vouch hormones within like big shootouts the staff he's bank robbers the segment he was doing that real life okay some interested party members their angry about the bigger you know robbery confrimed valid the attack but he denies it all and then stolen has to grieve a death that affects him greatly his new bride cato contracts typhus dis on november 22nd ninety no seven and he is beside himself so much to other friends worry he will commit suicide and watch them closely he loses composure throws himself on kedo's coffin before he sees a secret police approach and his wife's funeral escapes unable to give his son a normal life due to the whole wanted by the government situations in he he leaves his son in the care of kedo's family eire's wellknown quote about the event nobody could believe sosa was so wounded the funeral was held at the church where they had married stalin palin tearful spoke to joseph you're initially another childhood friend this creature he said gesturing at the open coffin softened my heart of stone she died in with her dyed my last warm feelings for humanity.