12 Burst results for "Southern African Development Community"

"southern african development community" Discussed on Monocle 24: The Foreign Desk

Monocle 24: The Foreign Desk

05:29 min | 1 year ago

"southern african development community" Discussed on Monocle 24: The Foreign Desk

"Room was born among other reasons that were given during that period. When zambia was a one party state with kind of calendars it's absolutely unchallengeable. Supreme authority was much resistance to a more any worry that he turned into a bit of an autocrat. At some point there was a feeling among zambians that you had become or was moving towards autocracy and not allowing us to come in and therefore because of that other political parties began to image the foam which buddies witching affirmed now before the formation of real quick. His there was some kind of resistance on the part of unique to allow the political parties. But when the pressure grew president kaunda decided to amend the constitution to allow other capacities. Be from how is kind of the thought of now by. Zambians is generally seen as this heroic figure who subsequent presidents have struggled to create an identity in the shadow of or is very much thought of as yesterday's mine when the one came those a lot of feeling that he was a dictator so when the movement came to one elections you kind of seen as a piss on that had not done what zambians wanted however with time microsoft that came there was kind of rebuilding people begun to look at counter as best on who had built a strong foundation for uniting zambia. Now we see that through that process including up to the time when we're having elections in august. He said there was. That is very strong. Feeling talking about wayne. Bunch to uniting zambia and cutting and exciting what it called a stood before the united seven to three ethnic groups so now especially after congress death this strong of beliefs and feeling that his one piss on among the politics the business in this country who are united this country. When you listen to people talk they are looking at gonda not to scare as a bill that built the foundation for building a strong zambia. How does it strike you. That zambia's trajectory since independence has been different from say zimbabwe or mozambique malawi tanzania. And how would you account for those differences. During the era of gona from the time that the country become independent nineteen sixty four cone was among the leaders who said they needed to support the independence of the other countries. That were still under. Colonial therefore zambia becoming how on the country where must if you just were fighting for independence in angola south west africa namibia today. Mozambique where all hosted in zambia. Now zambians also where encouraged guides to support as that. We're fighting now. That also had a telling effect on the economy because of that support but it could be explained. People understood why there's such mission was wearing that way of that somebody there for because it is what the other countries despite being ill android. Can't it became to be seen as a symbol of uniting zambians. By uniting the people individual is because of that that zambia became that founding mission of what was known as the frontline states fighting and supporting the freedom of other countries and from the frontline states that we begin to see the development and growth of the southern african development community today. and because of that our mission surrounding zambia. If always looked at zambia as one of the leading missions in uniting nor jesse zambians but the people in the region as a whole do you think that zombie is still fills that role or could fill that role again. They're certainly being a lot of commentary by opposition leaders in some of those neighboring countries notably tanzania and zimbabwe that they do see president hawkeye. India had tralima as something of an inspiration in something of a potential role model..

zambia kaunda Supreme authority united seven Mozambique south west africa wayne malawi tanzania microsoft zimbabwe congress angola namibia jesse zambians tralima India
"southern african development community" Discussed on The President's Inbox

The President's Inbox

03:02 min | 1 year ago

"southern african development community" Discussed on The President's Inbox

"Welcome to the president's inbox and see if our podcast about the foreign policy challenges facing the united states. I'm jim lindsey director studies at the council on foreign relations. This week's topic is ethiopia's civil war. With being discussed the fighting in northern ethiopia between federal government forces in regional tigray enforces is michelle gavin. Michelle is senior fellow for africa studies at the council. She was previously managing director of the center from two thousand eleven to two thousand fourteen. She was us ambassador botswana where she served concurrently as the us representative to the southern african development community before that michelle was a special assistant to president barack obama in the senior director for africa on the staff of the national security council michelle. Thanks you being here. Thanks so much for having michelle. Afghanistan is dominated news. As we're speaking so i think a lot of people haven't heard or followed what's been happening in ethiopia. Maybe we could just start by laying out for us. How things currently stand in ethiopia. Sure well unfortunately the situation ethiopia has really gone from bad to worse so fighting that began last november between the two gray enforces in the state of tigray in ethiopia and federal government forces very quickly brought in additional armed groups that would be military of country of eritrea. But also some emperor militia what we have now are even more actors even more armed groups involved in the fighting and we have a geographics sort of expansion of the conflict beyond the borders of tigray itself into a far and amhara states that border on tigray so essentially you have more armed elements in the mix fighting over a larger swath of territory the humanitarian crisis. Which is captured so much of the world's attention persists and in some ways has gotten worse as the sort of chokepoints for bringing food and other types of assistance to people in need have essentially narrowed down to one. There is one way that we're getting humanitarian assistance to tigray and it's not getting in fast enough with talk about how we got to the stage later. We can talk about where we're likely to go. Potential for diplomatic mediation the rest. But i'm trying to understand why the fighting broke out in the first place. Now ethiopia's the country of roughly one hundred ten million people. I have seen estimates that ethiopia has as many as ninety different ethnic groups tigray estate in northern part of ethiopia tigrayans constitute about five percent of the ethiopian population. How is we ended up in a situation which such a small group of people is in a battle with the central government. Well you have to step back in ethiopian history. A bit history is going to be love history on the presence. Inbox great stuff..

ethiopia michelle tigray jim lindsey michelle gavin council on foreign relations africa united states southern african development c amhara national security council botswana barack obama eritrea Afghanistan central government
"southern african development community" Discussed on The World: Latest Edition

The World: Latest Edition

06:51 min | 1 year ago

"southern african development community" Discussed on The World: Latest Edition

"I'm marco werman. You're with the world many governments across the globe or fighting insurgencies right now in mozambique in southern africa. They've been struggling to contain a rebellion for four long years. Thousands of died. Hundreds of thousands of people have been displaced in northern mozambique in the province of kabo delgado but there is hope that the tide may be turning. Here's the world. Africa correspondent halima condie earlier. This week the anthem of mozambique played on a windy afternoon in pemba. The capital of the kabul delgado province. It marked the launch of a new peacekeeping mission by the southern african development community. Sadeq as it's known is an organization of sixteen african nations. It's sending about fifteen hundred soldiers to help. Mozambique fight a years long. Insurgency major general alani monaci from south africa up described the mission this way to support republic of mozambique to combat acts of terrorism and violent extremism by neutralizing threats to region or to create a sexual environment. This is a turning point for mozambique. The country has been reluctant to accept help and has denied the scope of the problem. Robert wrestling is the ceo of panja. Risk an intelligence company. He is based in south africa. They have been reluctant to do sir one because a homegrown insurgency in the ruling party's home province is deeply embarrassing and has huge political and symbolic reputational damage to its. But that's changing. As attacks in the region have continued last month when thousand troops from rwanda arrived in coupled gado this week the us announced it would train when hundred mozambican commandos rangers. The extra support appears to be making a difference already this week. Mozambican and rwandan forces freed the town of modem boy depri- from insurgents. He was attacked last year. Mozambican general cristovao. Arthur chu may spoke with reporters about who these insurgents are very some was becomes. Does onions somalian's drc and other country who lead this group. But how has it terrorists. Still there are a lot of unknowns about the insurgency in northern mozambique. The region is predominantly muslim and earlier. This year the. Us government said the militants are tied to isis but many experts still are not so sure. Here's bustling analyst. I very much doubt and this is also backed up with very little evidence at the moment that there are strong ties into himself ideology leadership recruitment funding supply between the disparity insurgency northern mozambique and different parts of islamic state in africa. Beyond that one thing is clear about this insurgency. It's been deadly and destructive. Here's mozambican general. Row arthur tschumi again. The acute people destroyed infrastructure. If you go around you will see what they want. They don't want people living in peace. Many people in kabul delgado are happy to see the arrival of international troops. Here's one man. Speaking to rwandan state media from palma a town that was decimated in a deadly attack. Back in march via gigi show we're wand and troops. He said are bringing peace now. He wants to bring his family home but tonight. A machado a senior researcher with human rights. Watch caution what. We would one day on me to do at this stage. That is to make sure that the air is completely safe before they allow in grades anyone to return home. Machado says that the government needs to investigate alleged human rights abuses committed by the mozambican security forces against civilians. They had relatives that way. In force disappeared betrays devastated all ill-treated or beaten by security forces. All somebody executed as more troops arrive in mozambique to fight the insurgents machado says human rights needs to be a top priority for the world. I'm halima condie in nairobi this week. The biden administration turned its sights on a favourite target for american presidents opec the organization of the petroleum. Exporting countries opec controls more than eighty percent of the oil reserves on the planet. President biden wants to thirteen opec nations to pump out. more oil. biden is making the play at the same time that americans are dealing with high prices at the pump and as a us is resistant to tap into its reserves to unpack the global oil game. We're joined by ellen. Walled with the atlantic council global energy center. She joins us from jacksonville florida. How is opec responding to the biden administrations criticisms and demands to increase output ellen. Opaque hasn't issued a formal response. But there were some comments from opec delegates from. They basically amounted to our market analyses. We don't really see a need for more oil right now. So which is basically what you're saying. No we're not going to pump more. We already have plans to pump more oil. In fact we're not gonna put more than than we planned and don't know what you're talking about. And how does the white house does it see that. That increase output is satisfactory. Well it seems like they don't think that this increased output satisfactory but in in effect opec is going to be increasing its production by four hundred thousand barrels. A day each month from now through december and probably farther into twenty twenty two. So it's really kind of confusing as to why the biden registration is pressing opec for even more oil now where they already have plans to increase it wrote so opec does get a lot of criticism from the white house when gas prices are high. Here is this criticism of opec fair. It's not all pex fault in this case and gasoline prices in the united states aren't just a factor of opec they're mostly a factor of of oil prices but there is more that goes into it so for example last year or in say february of twenty twenty. The us was pumping thirteen million barrels. A day of oil now republican much closer to eleven and that extra two million barrels. A day doesn't seem like it's coming back. And a lot of that is due to policies that the administration has put in place that discouraged producers from expanding production domestically. So why do you think the. Us president is saying opec needs to help. What's the rhetoric about..

mozambique halima condie opec marco werman kabo delgado Sadeq alani monaci Robert wrestling panja kabul Arthur chu south africa southern african development c arthur tschumi pemba machado africa biden administration rwanda
"southern african development community" Discussed on NPR News Now

NPR News Now

04:34 min | 1 year ago

"southern african development community" Discussed on NPR News Now

"Approaching doctors are warning that a growing number of kids or getting sick with covert nineteen. Hundreds of cases have been reported in the atlanta area. Where the school years already begun and in new orleans. Dr mark klein at the children's hospital says a record number of kids are being hospitalized with any of them too young to receive the vaccine. We need adults to step up. If if they're not going to get the vaccine to protect their own health they should do it for their families and for these young children who are the most vulnerable among us Fourth wave of infections is being driven by the delta variant. But klein says it's not yet clear delta's more dangerous to children. A top aide for new york governor. Andrew cuomo has abruptly resigned. Melissa to rose issued a statement last night in brian. Man reports pressure on cuomo to step aside continues to grow following release of an investigation. Finding he sexually harassed women on his staff. Melissa de rosa was one of andrew cuomo's most visible and most influential aides report by the state attorney general alleges she played a leading role retaliating against one of the women who spoke publicly about cuomo's sexual behavior in a statement to rosette didn't address that charge. She said it had been her greatest honor to work for new york state. Her departure comes as political support for cuomo continues to unravel the state. Agee's investigation released last week. Detailed sexual improprieties by the democratic governor against eleven women allegations. Cuomo has denied members of the state assembly's judiciary committee meet today to move forward with an impeachment. Probe brian man. Npr news new york united nations out this morning with a strongly-worded reports on climate change. The report says heat waves droughts and torrential rains will only become more frequent and extreme as earthworms report written by the world's top climate scientists comes as wildfires rage in western states and greasy forced thousands from their homes over the past week. The rwandan military says its soldiers. Last month helped the mozambican army drive out islamic state affiliated insurgents who had overrun an important port town. He's muffin deco reports from harari. On the nearly four year fight against the insurgents they islamic state's affiliated insurgents captured most symbo depri- last august in march they to cova poma another coastal town but the claims to have since pushed the insurgents out of the town the mozambican armed forces and for a mess. Mary's if struggled to regain control of kabul delgada since the surgeons i struck in two thousand seventeen in addition to wander member countries of the southern african development community who agreed to send a regional force to mozambique have started sending troops to the country for npr news. Im ish windy quite in adding. And you're listening to npr. Senate is still working to push that roughly one trillion dollar infrastructure package final passage clear another hurdle last night. Eighteen republicans joined democrats and invoking. What's known as cloture. A final vote could come as early as tomorrow morning. Meanwhile senate democrats have just unveiled their three and a half trillion dollar budget proposal. They want to pass without republican support. Thousands of people are attending a ten day music festival in northeastern pennsylvania. It's taking place in an area with a high rate of cove in nineteen spread and has meghan frank with member station w. lv are reports. Few festival goers are wearing masks music is billed as the nation's largest free outdoor music festival over the weekend the majority of music fans showed up without masks to shows in northampton county where cova case rates have doubled in the last week but attendees like lauren. I in her boyfriend see. They're not worried. Yeah we're both vaccine. And i think all the people that we care about our vaccinated so we feel good about being out and about some public health. Experts are concerned. The festival could cause cova outbreaks. Fest organizers recommend people mask up at indoor events but there's no mask mandate in place for npr news. i'm megan franke in bethlehem financial markets mixed ahead of the opening bell on wall street. The major markets in europe largely down in monday trading but stocks in shanghai and hong kong advanced trading was in asia today the markets in japan and singapore closed for a holiday on trial. Snyder npr news..

cuomo Dr mark klein children's hospital andrew cuomo Melissa de rosa brian man new york mozambican army harari cova poma npr news Npr kabul delgada Agee rosette klein new orleans atlanta Cuomo
"southern african development community" Discussed on Monocle 24: The Globalist

Monocle 24: The Globalist

09:56 min | 1 year ago

"southern african development community" Discussed on Monocle 24: The Globalist

"He and they've won chain dolls and fifty two medals even all that. You can't exactly say they not here with the success. Right likes that. Karen pender in tokyo. Thanks very much indeed. You're listening to the globalist on monocle. Twenty-four with me georgina. Godwin and let's continue now. Is today's newspapers. So joining me from osceola exterior is emily. Who's program coordinator for peace mediation at zurich. Good morning to you. Thanks for for joining us. We're looking at vaccination rates in switzerland to begin with. Tell us more. Good morning georgina. So targets and seiger reports and vaccination rates in switzerland and elsewhere in the world and they note that as of yesterday approximately fifty five percent of this population had been vaccinated at least once which represents in fact the lowest percentage in western and southern europe so the eu average is around sixty percent which is higher than even the most vaccine friendly. If you will canton of zurich in switzerland where around fifty eight percent happy vaccinated. So switzerland's vaccination campaign peaked On june tenth when around ninety two thousand doses were administered Per day and since then. That number has dropped Quite drastically by around eighty percent to around twenty thousand doses per day. And why do we know why. I mean what explains that. Low percentage So there are a few reasons. The article points through and So i a cultural one. App has perhaps the least likely one but they are large immigrant communities in switzerland Particularly from the balkans where you see some of the lowest vaccination rates in europe Partly due to a widespread pabst deep-seated mistrust them in state power but the second and perhaps more compelling reason in switzerland is The swiss people's party and other sentiments in switzerland against vaccination so There's another piece in targets on tiger the points to fifty one percent of Swiss people party voters not wanting to get vaccinated which is significantly higher than the second highest percentage. Which is among the greens at around eighteen percent. And this is comes as no surprise to. I think swiss audiences who followed some public discourse and even witness say the federal councillor william our himself from as volpe saying that he doesn't need the second shot because he's quote unquote tough enough now. The third reason just very briefly they point to in. This article is the lack of incentives in switzerland. So the scientific task force has in fact recommended At the government to providing a further incentives for people to get vaccinated at the moment one does not really need to show their kovic certificate too often in switzerland. Say to enter a restaurant or theater or cinema. Whereas we've seen initiatives like his work relatively well in france or in the united kingdom. What about getting in and out switzerland. Because i try to attend for for a work thing a few weeks ago and was up so even though we appeal to the ministry and zone was absolutely not allowed in so If you have gotten your two shots or you've recovered From covert and got any first shot. you should be allowed to enter switzerland If you have not been vaccinated you need to have very legitimate. Reason beat for work reasons for medical reasons. In order to enter switzerland and this has to be assessed by the state secretary yet for migration and again It's up to their discretion to determine whether your reason for entering. Switzerland is important. Enough light okay. Well let's go to a completely different parts of the world an a different story. This is the f. t. And it's buried inside the papers page four and it's about rwanda sending troops to mozambique. Just tell us more about this verb. I what is happening in. Cuba del gado. Which is the the northern province of of mozambique. That's right so There's an ongoing conflict if you will in the northern province of capo delgardo in mozambican. This is one of the poorest regions of mozambique yet. It's the area where you have. Multi billion dollar gas reserves. And you've had mold multinational corporations active in developing project in this region So a local al-shabab militia group with relatively loose ties to the islamic state or is has been active Since twenty seventeen and this conflict has in fact been escalating so in two thousand twenty. You had around seventeen hundred deaths which was compared to around two hundred a year Two years earlier in two thousand eighteen So there's been a lot of pressure on the mozambican government to accept Help From regional and international Partners especially since an attack Back in march in the coastal town of palma which really forced the french energy giant total shutdown. It's natural gas project in the region. So now ruanda has dispatcher. One thousand strong brigade of policemen police and soldiers to this region Along with a contingency from the southern african development community or saddik Which has deployed multinational force and this represents one of the first times that ruined Is active beyond its immediate. Let's say region of Concern when it comes to security so eastern. Drc uganda or burundi. So why is poor. Tagami rhonda keen on helping mozambique. What's in it for him so there are few a different assessments of the situation. One is perhaps a financial one So sending Troops can be if it's paid for by others lucrative however for instance. The french have Come out to say that they have not footed the bill for the ruined and deployment even if their fringe of course economic interests in this region. But perhaps the more convincing argument is an interest by polka gourmet to really project the power image in the region. And he's done this already previously by deploying various peacekeepers i believe rhonda continues to be the third largest contributor to peace-keeping missions worldwide again. It comes to An image a political image a question in the region and more broadly internationally. I would point. Listen here to On meet the rightist program where there's a wonderful book called do not disturb By michaela wrong who actually challenges the conventional narrative about pool. Kagami is the great savior of ruanda And just puts a different spin on that very interesting. If that's a part of the world that that The that piques your interest Let's move on now to a finnish newspaper. And what they're saying about italy that's right so we've Many of us probably have heard about The attack on. It systems of the company that manages the kobe. Nineteen vaccination appointment booking system in the region of lazio in italy which is the most popular one of the most populous regions into country. Would around six a million inhabitants. on sunday. they had to shut down the system due to Cyber attack and This of course in a time of vaccination roller being of utmost importance is A drastic concern To the authorities so the regional health counselor alessio d'amato called this attack prince. Most serious cyber attack ever carried out on an italian public and in administration They're expected to be up and running again on thursday but they've launched an investigation to really see Who's behind this attack. And how could this be prevented in the future. And what does it tell us about. Broader implications for cybersecurity. That's an interesting question georgina. I think we've witnessed several Let's say high profile attacks this year cyber-attacks we've witnessed a colonial pipeline in the us and more recently. And i was also here in monaco. Talking about this when Five hundred supermarkets in sweden had to shut down because they're tills just stopped working and this was because of an attack on a software supplier in florida. And i think this comes down to the question of supply chain attack so no longer do ahead to hackers have to attack just one company to Attack the company in question would rather they can attack a supplier and claim multiple victims. Not just in that county. But around the world and we witness in italy as well With a company providing the service of a booking system being attacked and this impacting a whole region and their healthcare system and then finally very quick look at. I suppose what would be now deemed as vintage or antique video games making millions. That's right so housing in santa monica reports On auctions of video games are being rather successful so in a couple of weeks ago in mid july made a new record The heritage auctions house In the us sold a nineteen ninety-six super. Mario sixty four game for one point five million. Us dollars so this was the first time ever video game was sold for more than a million dollars and the previous record had been said just a couple of days earlier when the legend of zelda game had been sold for around eight hundred seventy thousand.

switzerland georgina mozambique Karen pender zurich swiss people's party Swiss people party Cuba del capo delgardo shabab militia group osceola europe Godwin mozambican government
"southern african development community" Discussed on The World Next Week

The World Next Week

08:50 min | 1 year ago

"southern african development community" Discussed on The World Next Week

"Org and on itunes podcast channel religion in foreign policy as always see if our takes no institutional institutional positions on matters of policy. We're delighted to have ambassador. Michelle gavin with us today to talk about the conflict in ethiopia's ethiopia's tigray region. Michelle gavin is currently senior fellow for africa studies at the council on foreign relations. She was formerly the managing director of the africa center. A multidisciplinary institution dedicated to increasing understanding of contemporary africa and prior to distinguished career in the government from two dozen eleven to two thousand fourteen ambassador. Gammon was the ambassador to botswana and served concurrently as a us representative to the southern african development community. She also served part that President obama and the senior director for africa at the national security council and before joining the obama administration ambassador gavin was an international affairs fellow and adjunct fellow for africa at the afar. So michelle. thank you for being with us today. it would be great if you could provide us with an overview of the conflict in tigray region of ethiopia. And talk about what's led up to it and policy recommendations as you see a what we can be doing here From the us vantage point or will thank you so much for inviting me to join you today and thanks to everyone is taking time to engage with this issue which is wine that genuinely does keep me up at night And i think is is keeping a lot of people so this is a conflict that broke out last november but had frankly been along time coming. The ethiopian state had for a decade been governed by a coalition a coalition of political parties. But there was one group that was kind of first among equals that was dominant in this ruling coalition and that was the tepe elf and the tigrayan people's liberation front at so the to which make up about six percent More or less of ethiopia's population there is a theo. Pia is a federation so there are states demarcated on maps with a different kind of local government and sometimes local defense forces as well. The tigrayans had been kind of dominated. Federally intel really at the rise of the current prime minister. Vip prime minister. Abby op-ed who is not great in he is a from is a romo ethnically although his background is is mixed which is true of many ethiopians and also a mixed religious background. Interestingly his father's slim his mother in ethiopia orthodox christian himself is pentecostal so as president. Excuse me prime minister. Abby a Power kind of reform agenda because indian all observers inside and outside ethiopia agreed at that time the ethiopian state wasn't really working. There was a great deal of popular dissatisfaction with the federal government with the center. A lot of political contestation and so he unveiled a reform agenda much of which was celebrated domestically and internationally designed open up political space in the country but part of the reform involved and eliminating some of the kind of preferences and the the sort of first among equals role of the left. So you have to gray in a senior to grains who had long enjoyed very influential roles in politics but also in the economy in the military Finding at some of that power being stripped away and it set up at a fairly antagonistic relationship now over time at the prime minister's reform agenda stalled in some areas. They're still a great deal of discontent in contestation. any theo. Pia aside from in tigray but things really came to a head with the grants around the question of elections so ethiopia in june just completed elections but those elections had been delayed so be original. Election date was postponed because of cova nineteen and the difficulty of of campaigning of organizing the midst of a pandemic. the grands chose to go ahead with elections in their region in defiance of federal authorities. And this really kind of set up a standoff and then the it was you know both sides were clearly mobilizing forces for actual conflict that the spark that lit the tinder was a preemptive attack on the part of two grey enforces on some federal forces in the area. And then what you had was a a devastatingly costly conflict where you ended up with four different armed groups. A in the mix in tigray and civilians suffering. You had the federal ethiopian forces you had the two grain forces pushing back but aligned with those federal forces and very much complicating the picture you had eritrean forces who crossed the border to to support prime minister abbey in this campaign against a teepee aleph and worryingly you had militia forces from 'em hara another very large ethnic group in the country who claim. Some of the land that on maps had been considered not so this devastating conflict which has been accompanied by clear mass atrocities Use of sexual violence as a weapon. Refugees have been attacked health. Care centers have been deliberately destroyed which is a war crime across have been deliberately destroyed and in fact hundreds of thousands of two grains are now living in fan conditions. people have begun to die Because of famine it's a man made famine in tigray. So you have the conflict you have atrocity crimes and you have this devastating lack of food and access to healthcare. We're almost there. Were almost up to the president but something very interesting happened last month. Where essentially the two grands who a more or less have been fighting as a guerrilla force You know they kind of those who weren't immediately killed or captured kind of melted away regrouped in the mountains at the trains ended up reclaiming a great deal of territory from the federal forces. Federal forces then withdrew from the two grain capital for most of tigray and prime minister. Abby announced a unilateral ceasefire. It didn't really meet it. Didn't look like what ceasefires usually look like right with arrangements for communitarian access etcetera but there was this kind of Inflection point in the conflict outwear appear the to grandparents had gained an upper hand. The ethiopian federal forces withdrew with rain did not accept at a ceasefire unconditionally. They wanted the or trans out. They wanted those emperor militia out. Essentially the ceasefire is gone now. A fighting has resumed and has in fact spilled out of teague right into a neighboring region..

ethiopia Michelle gavin tigray africa africa center obama administration Abby southern african development c council on foreign relations Gammon national security council botswana gavin Pia President obama romo michelle us
"southern african development community" Discussed on CFR On the Record

CFR On the Record

03:11 min | 1 year ago

"southern african development community" Discussed on CFR On the Record

"This event is presented by the council on foreign relations. Welcome to the council on foreign relations social justice in foreign policy webinar series. I marina asking vice president for the national program and outreach you'll see afar as a reminder this webinar is on the record and the audio video and transcript will be made available on our website see if our dot org and on itunes podcast channel religion in foreign policy as always see if our takes no institutional institutional positions on matters of policy. We're delighted to have ambassador. Michelle gavin with us today to talk about the conflict in ethiopia's ethiopia's tigray region. Michelle gavin is currently senior fellow for africa studies at the council on foreign relations. She was formerly the managing director of the africa center. A multidisciplinary institution dedicated to increasing understanding of contemporary africa and prior to distinguished career in the government from two dozen eleven to two thousand fourteen ambassador. Gavin was the ambassador to botswana and served concurrently as a us representative to the southern african development community. She also served part that President obama and the senior director for africa at the national security council and before joining the obama administration ambassador gavin was an international affairs fellow and adjunct fellow for africa at the afar. So michelle. thank you for being with us today. it would be great if you could provide us with an overview of the conflict in the tigray region of ethiopia. And talk about what's led up to it and policy recommendations as you see a what we can be doing here From the us vantage point or will thank you so much for inviting me to join you today and thanks to everyone. Who's taking time to engage with this issue. Which is wine that genuinely does. Keep me up at night And i think is is keeping a lot of people so this is a conflict that broke out last november but had frankly been along time coming. The ethiopian state had for a decade been governed by a coalition a coalition of political parties. But there was one group that was kind of first among equals that was dominant in this ruling coalition and that was the tepe elf and the tigrayan people's liberation front at so the the to which make up about six percent More or less of ideo pius population. There is a theo. Pia is a federation so there are states demarcated on maps with a different kind of local government and sometimes local defense forces as well. The tigrayans had been kind of dominated. Federally intel really..

Michelle gavin council on foreign relations s council on foreign relations ethiopia africa tigray africa center obama administration marina southern african development c national security council botswana Gavin gavin President obama michelle us Pia intel
"southern african development community" Discussed on The Lawfare Podcast

The Lawfare Podcast

10:51 min | 1 year ago

"southern african development community" Discussed on The Lawfare Podcast

"Let's turn to the big boy on the block in the southern part of the continent which of course south africa in your episode on south africa. You address both some of the long standing issues that have continued to linger from the united states constructive engagement policy into the nineteen eighties but then some of the more recent crises that involves particular leaders. And i'm wondering if you can contextualized for us where south africa is in. Just how much of a priority. The biden administration policy wise should be putting on the new leadership in south africa versus building in civil society or trying to tackle both south. Africa is an extraordinary part country in sub saharan africa. And in the world right. It's a member of the g twenty. It's important voice in the g. Seventy seven it's the second largest economy It's often on the un security council. It's often having key positions within the african union and the relationship as we described it and we talked to embassador michelle gavin who had been president obama's first senior director at the white house. The relationship is often what we say is cordial but not close. And there's a lot of prickliness about that relationship. So i'll make one point at the top and then i can talk about the current leaders. The point that i'm just adamant about is that you don't get to pick and choose which countries you like In you are going to deal with. Just because they're practically and i feel like for for the last couple of administrations because south africa is difficult. It has a very strong view of itself in it. you know isn't a big fan of whoever's the hegemonic power globally that we've kind of thrown our hands up with them and that's not a luxury that we have in india right. That's not a luxury that we allow ourselves in other major countries. So the first is that we've got to do. South africa's consequential country period. But the interesting thing is that we have a moment of an opportunity. Here south africa's last president. Jacob zuma was very corrupt. He's actually now just going to jail essentially contempt because he wouldn't appear at his trials around these corruptions and his successor. Sierra rama poza. I think is one of our best openings for a strong and more vibrant and were productive relationship serum poza is kind of the best of all worlds You know career. Anc guy of the party and he was in the labor movement's early in his career. He helped negotiate the end of apartheid and then he went into business so he started represents all of the different facets of a very complicated party which is the anc. He has been a vocal actor when it comes to cova nineteen and dealing with the crisis both in terms of his own country but making sure that other countries have debt relief or that they get their fair share of vaccine so he's incredibly important for the us. and i'm i'm hopeful that the biden administration will take him seriously in a way that i think previous administrations just found south africans to be too frustrating. We had i think a better partner cyril ramaphosa but even when things are gonna get a little sticky and they will. That's what happens that we need to persevere. Good news is president. Biden has talked to a rama poza once on the phone. In between his election and inauguration president biden's election nomination inauguration and then he had pull aside with him recently at the g seven. And that's you know. There are a few african leader so far that have gotten that kind of attention from the white house. I know that you're trying to to focus on the bilateral relationships between the us and each individual country. But i have to ask when it comes to some of the countries down in the southern part of the continent whether it is maybe our malawi but even east martini through botswana zimbabwe. How much do the policies of the united states toward these countries really rely on how south africa itself is evolving and relating to the us. I think they absolutely do. First of all let's talk about Economic investment most us companies in the ranges anywhere from six hundred eight hundred are based in south africa but have a regional new. So that's their headquarters in south africa. And they're launching pads to engage with the other countries that we just mentioned We look towards south africa. As the most important country in the regional body known as sadak the southern african development community to shape responses to whatever the crisis jurors south africa is right now playing a really critical role in the sadeq response to the insurgency in northern mozambique south africa. Your dominates many of their neighbors economies. Some of their currencies are tied to the rain. And which is south africa's main currency or the Depend on the technical know-how of south african nationals. So you have to look at south africa as south africa but then you have to think about its economic security and political influence in the southern african region. I but then again sort of across the continent and then again at the global level. Because if you're gonna want an african perspective on a global challenge right whether that's internet privacy or climate change or even thinking about strategic competition. The south african voices going to hold a lot of weight in. It's going to be representative. Maybe not every country in africa loves that but it will represent many african views. We've discussed before and certainly nothing. In recent months has changed this perhaps even accelerated it that one of the primary prizms through which us policy makers c. sub saharan africa in the countries within it is the prism of great power competition with russia and in particular with china. One of the fascinating episodes of forty nine that i listened to was the one on angola because one of the points that you in conversation with with nicole in your guests make is that angola could actually play a really interesting role here because the chinese influence in particular Russian as well. They manifest themselves differently in each country but in the end goal in case. You've got some inroads. There that could provide the us and actual opportunity to use angola almost as a go-between with russia in china concerning issues related to potential conflict. And at least tension in the continent talk through that a little bit. What could angola serve in this regard in. Is that a model for anyone else in africa. Yeah really interesting. Parallels here to both namibia into south africa. But here's a country where we were on the wrong side of history again. Supporting the rebel group unita Whereas the current government the mp l. a. had the backing of cuba. Russia took us very long time until the end of the cold war to have a strong relationship in fact radioman have an embassy. Cnn gola until the nineties and the relationship with the longtime leader He had been in power since nineteen. Seventy nine was again. Maybe not even cordial just cold. But the new president azul lawrence o. Came to power in two thousand seventeen kinda surprised everyone by a throwing. A many of the dos santos family into jail for corruption and saying very affirmatively that he wants a strong relationship with the united states and so far. He's doing many of the things that we would want to see in goal in terms of anti-corruption at least pledges of of diversifying the economy. Being a little stronger on on foreign policy engaging his predecessor hadn't and so the thing that i that i think is really interesting about angola is that because of its history with the russians with the cubans and china's a huge trading partner for them particularly terms of their oil sector. Is that when things get heated. What is the opportunity for a country like angola to serve as an interlocutor. A safe space. I guess it's one of my big things about africa policy. Dave is that africa policy. Seems to be just for. Africa policymakers right. And that's again something that i think is unique and unfair exceptional and productive. How do we integrate the foreign policy towards sub saharan africa in a global perspective. And when we're talking about great power competition. It shouldn't be just about constraining china's maligned influence on the continent. It should be thinking about how african countries can help us. lower the temperature address. Some of these challenges. I one of the things that i would like to see. African governments do. And maybe this won't be angola. Maybe this'll be a country like ghana. For example or kenya is not just say. We don't wanna choose but to say affirmatively. These are the things that we expect from our foreign partners. China otherwise and create a set of standards around transparency environmental protection and trade and investment lending. Then we can go and say we're gonna buy buy them beijing your move and so. This is the kind of ways that i think that african countries can play a critical role in great power competition and actually helped shape the battlespace so to speak building on that. Which countries in africa do you think are to put it bluntly underperforming internationally. And by that. I mean which countries do you think with the right motivation and the right encouragement from the biden administration could be playing a more productive role in international organizations with peacekeeping missions with global economic institutions. And in a sense starting to punch at their wait outside of the continent itself. Yeah great question. Let me talk about a little bit about Who is already punching above their weight. Or maybe just share with your your listeners. How many africans are now in key positions in global institutions. You may know that the head of the. who is dr ted dress and ethiopian. You may be aware that the head of the wto.

south africa biden administration angola saharan africa united states michelle gavin Sierra rama poza poza Anc cyril ramaphosa sadak africa african union un security council Jacob zuma sub saharan cova Africa china white house
"southern african development community" Discussed on The World Next Week

The World Next Week

07:49 min | 1 year ago

"southern african development community" Discussed on The World Next Week

"This event is presented by the council on foreign relations. Welcome everybody welcome to this castle in our relations virtual roundtable on major power rivalry in africa. thank you for joining us today for those who don't know me. I'm post says senior fellow for conflict prevention council and directorates center fall preventive action. Today's roundtable is the latest in a series of meetings. We all night on implications of growing strategic competition between the major powers and specific regions which is being made possible by generous grant from the carnegie corporation of new york. Some of you may eventually tuned into early roundtables that we held on the middle east and asia. Today we're gonna focus on africa with a particular focus. I think on china's going presence and influence on the confident but we also going to look at other parents. Well we have two excellent Speak with us to discuss these issues with us. Let me first introduce michelle gavin. She is senior fellow. Africa's studies year at the council. She has many years of government service focusing on africa. I on capitol hill as an aide to send two senators russ final in kansas saw followed by stints at the nfc for africa in the obama administration off that she was appointed as us ambassador devout swan era where she concurrently served as u s representative to sack the southern african development community before joining the cat so she also headed up the africa center in new york. I would also be remiss in not mentioning that. She's just authored a report on major power rivalry in africa. Full of the council on that is available on the council's websites. And i commend you to read that. She has joined today by kobo. Who likes to go by just zoo. Thank you for that Dr globo he is the head of the wits school of governance at the university of Around in south africa where he joins us today. He was formerly in associate professor of strategy international business at ovitz business skull if all joining wits he co founded the center for the study of governance innovation at the university of pretoria in south africa and became its deputy director between twenty twelve in two thousand. Fourteen mizzou is also a member of the presidential economic advisory council in south africa. Having previously said is headed the division responsible for south africa's trade policy at the department of trade and industry. Welcome and thank you both for being with us today. So his typical tables. I'm going to engage in about thirty minutes of Discussion without fake us. And then i'm gonna open it up full. Qna from those attending the su- just reminded the meeting is on the recold will be recorded and posted on our website at a later date. Okay so why. don't we get started. Let me turn to you first. Michelle if you could just sort of set. The scene for awesome if a sense of how this rivalry. That's the right term for. It is is shaping up today in africa who the main axes over chinese one of the principal goals. What are they trying to accomplish. Points in contention if you could just sort of set sentencing for us. I sure i can try my best at. Thanks so much for having me. I think that you know to sort of contextualized this argument. That's very much part of kind of the mainstream debate about us. Africa policy right now of major power rivalry. What's important is is to understand that the rest of the world right is keenly aware of the importance of africa strategy writ large for a host of reasons for strategic reasons for economic reasons and but there has been kind of a trend in the us foreign policy community to think about africa as a sort of a place apart from maybe the most pressing foreign policy priorities at the time. I don't think that's the way the rest of the world Tends to see the continent. And so i think that's kind of an important backdrop when when we think about how the us engages this debate today at because you do have a really a host of actors with very active strategies seeking access seeking influence on the african continent and the the to clearly most at influential most sweeping in scope are the us and china but obviously european union has a very long standing complex deep and significant relationship with african states. You have the increase activity of gulf factors Not just in the horn of africa but certainly most prominently in the horn. At for many years. Japan has worked hard to try a establish a robust partnership with a number of african states. India plays a role. So this is. It's very much a global community right seeking seeking fruitful partnerships. What's interesting. I think this debate right now in the us is that you had starting with the trump administration is very express articulation that major power rivalry particularly rivalry with china. Although russia was was a part of this agenda as well should be kind of the dominant lens through which we understand our engagement on the continent and this was made sort of expressly clear national security strategy. But it's it's in some ways carried over into the biden administration was very different in many respects from the trump administration. But if you look at even the confirmation processes principles in the the biden administration. I'm you see this very deliberate and purposeful articulation of the notion. That at chinese influence in africa is problematic is sometimes even malevolent and that the us must work to counter growing chinese influence. All of the chinese are incredibly influential on the continent. The point i try making in the paper and then something. I'd like to talk about today. Is is naked at this is untrue. The chinese have for decades right had a a sweeping and complex engagement strategy that is.

michelle gavin Michelle africa today Fourteen Today two thousand south africa kansas twenty twelve globo trump Africa two senators asia Japan both ovitz business skull chinese kobo
"southern african development community" Discussed on CFR On the Record

CFR On the Record

03:20 min | 1 year ago

"southern african development community" Discussed on CFR On the Record

"This event is presented by the council on foreign relations. Welcome everybody welcome to this castle in our relations virtual roundtable on major power rivalry in africa. thank you for joining us today for those who don't know me. I'm post says senior fellow for conflict prevention council and directorates center fall preventive action. Today's roundtable is the latest in a series of meetings. We all night on implications of growing strategic competition between the major powers and specific regions which is being made possible by generous grant from the carnegie corporation of new york. Some of you may eventually tuned into early roundtables that we held on the middle east and asia. Today we're gonna focus on africa with a particular focus. I think on china's going presence and influence on the confident but we also going to look at other parents as well. We have two excellent Speak with us to discuss these issues with us. Let me first introduce michelle gavin. She is senior fellow. Africa's studies here at the council. She has many years of government service focusing on africa. I on capitol hill as an to senators russ final in kansas saw followed by stints at the nfc for africa in the obama administration off that she was appointed as us ambassador devout swan era where she concurrently served as u s representative to sack the southern african development community before joining the cat so she also headed up the africa center in new york. I would also be remiss in not mentioning that. She's just authored a report on major power rivalry in africa. Full of the council on that is available on the council's websites. And i commend you to read that. She has joined today by kobo. Who likes to go by just zoo. Thank you for that Dr globo he is the head of the wits school of governance at the university of Around in south africa where he joins us today. He was formerly in associate professor of strategy international business at ovitz business skull if all joining wits he co founded the center for the study of governments innovation at the university of pretoria in south africa and became its deputy director between twenty twelve in two thousand. Fourteen mizzou is also a member of the presidential economic advisory council in south africa. Having previously said is headed the division responsible for south africa's trade policy at the department of trade and industry. Welcome and thank you both for being with us today. So his typical roundtables. I'm going to engage in about thirty minutes of Discussion without to fake us. And then i'm gonna open it up full. Qna from those attending the su- just reminded the meeting is on the recold will be recorded and posted on our website at a later date..

michelle gavin africa today Today Fourteen twenty twelve south africa globo two thousand kansas Africa asia both ovitz business skull kobo new york university of pretoria china first carnegie corporation
"southern african development community" Discussed on KQED Radio

KQED Radio

08:21 min | 2 years ago

"southern african development community" Discussed on KQED Radio

"Album. On who started this off our government there has asked the European Union for support inducting the three along Islamist insurgency in the northern province off Carbo Delgado. The violence has increased this year with insurgents are talking important towns at least 1500 people have been killed and an estimated quarter of a million have had to flee their homes to discuss this issue. We spoke of Unger, director off the Center for Democracy on Development in Maputo. I started off by asking him why the Muslim become government was turning to the you for support. That is important. It has to be in the studio that government submitted that request to the U A day before you discussed the situation ofthe human rights abused in caboodle God, so in a sense, there's the request itself. But there is a political issue off preempting right? Why not turn to the Southern African Development Community? Sadako Even the African Union? Why go all the way to Brussels is exactly what I'm saying. There is an East request. But there is also an issue off preempting the situation off being exposed as violations ofthe human rights. And in fact, we have been calling for Muslim beak to use Sadiq and in reality Muslim because chairing the Sadik now And he could use that to get support both from the subject and you, But that is not happening. I don't understand what you mean. When you say that the exposure What do you mean by that There is on DH serious off human rights violations in Kabul, Delgado and you was going to discuss the Mozambique situation. So they have anticipated to serve make that request. Right? And the EU was to come in at all. What sort of help would it provide? That can give some logistical support. And also they could give and some sort ofthe merely three training, Teo. The Muslim big military capacity on from what you're saying human rights violations taking which form on Who do you say, is responsible for those violations, their number off a Matis videos showing shocking abuse off human rights by the state Defense forces, and there's also Grotesque and actions against villians by the insurgents. So it is by both sides. At the moment. The situation is escalation ofthe conflict. This collision off fighting with continuous attacks into communities by the insurgents. And with that happening, communities have to flee. Now there is about 3000 I d peas as gutted around the capital city off member and the Northern province off Nampula and some of the people refugee into Tanzania, right? He's being internally displaced people now. For people who are in Maputo. Do you think they consider the issues in Ah Delgado as part of their problem, definitely, Capital goddess part of Mapo, too, And that problem is very much a viewed as a national problem, not only because it's the sovereignty that is being attacked, but also and importantly, is because this insurgency He's sitting in between the Mozambique people to harness the potential that is out there from the wealthy class guys results that is out there. A general of Unger, director of the Center for Democracy and Development in Maputo was a big Now. Dr. Shaw is a former cardiologists based in Nigeria, who sent 2013 in the chair of the Rotary International's polio eradication program. We just played a crucial role in the eradication of polio in Africa, with Nigeria being officially declared. Three of the virus that was just on the 25th of August off this year, well in recognition off his contribution to the global efforts to clear polio doctor Fanshaw has just been named in the time magazine list off the 100 most influential people across the globe and he joins us now from Vegas. Good morning to you, Dr Financial. Thank you very much. Joining us on congratulations. Thank you very much for having me And can I ask when that day came on the 25th of August after all these years, more than seven years? That you've been involved. Obviously, it's been decades that Nigeria's been fighting this actually hear that Nigeria's polio free. What did that mean? It meant, you know that. Finally we have been able to lead not only an idea, but the continent of Africa. Who region of the world polio virus. It means investors. No child again is being paralyzed by the work of the virus. So It's dream come true for the world we set out to do you know, three decades ago. Concerned and yet it hasn't been easy has it? I mean, I know you faced in 90, especially in the north of Nigeria, the same kind of challenges that we've been hearing this morning that are facing medics in Afghanistan in Pakistan, where you have to overturn superstitions and wide held beliefs by certain people that their dangers in the polio vaccine. Yes, There's always this issue of communication on DH. We we have gradually over the has been able to overcome that, you know. Between people's perception of the reality when they see that actually the vaccine works on this stop seeing and each I've been paralyzed in the environment by the polio virus us against what they used to see before. The insurgency also played the role in the whole system apart. And how did you do that? You say battling on the one hand the insurgency but also badly and and sending the virus or the sending the immunization to those areas and administering it during conflict, But also when you're dealing with The challenge of people who don't believe in the vaccine people who were making a concerted effort to put out propaganda disputing it. So when people in Pakistan a hearing that What do you tell them? How did you come back? Well, they have started in the same upon that we stopped her. We're not to refashion our communication strategy. Excuse me, but by using the traditional little ship that are very close to the people. On every level, you know, communities, this people their leaders. Traditionally, this people they know will not miss list them. And so you know, with the coming together of the traditional leadership Come by the government we've had the traditionally does counsel for immunization and polio. They were a major game changer in changing the attitude of people towards the or a polio vaccine. On. That was a tremendous opportunity for us to get to every nook and cranny of the country and have you know the child get there a polio vaccine, So a communication a reassurance was very important and it worked. And what difference will this recognition five Time magazine make? Because I know you and your other vote tree club members would go farm wide about.

polio vaccine Nigeria polio Maputo European Union Ah Delgado Unger Time magazine Mozambique Carbo Delgado director Center for Democracy and Devel Pakistan Center for Democracy on Develo Southern African Development C African Union Brussels Africa Sadiq
"southern african development community" Discussed on KQED Radio

KQED Radio

06:11 min | 2 years ago

"southern african development community" Discussed on KQED Radio

"In Mozambique, the Corona virus has been more or less kept under control. Mozambique has another crisis. It's also keeping its eyes on the threat of terrorism. Last week, a militant group linked to Isis attacked a port town in the northern part of Mozambique. The world's Halima Condi has that story. The attack and Muslim boy depraved wasn't the first. The port town sits in the province of Capo Delgado in northern Mozambique. In recent years, the region has experienced growing attacks by militants. Things escalated last week, not the provincial. That's most in peaks. Minister of Defense Jamie Netto. He said militants disguised as civilians entered Muslim boy Laia. They murdered civilians and attacked the nearby port taking it over, according to local media. Martin is with the Institute for Security Studies in neighboring South Africa is extremely worrisome because what this signifies is that the government has lost control intense off its handing off the crisis. At the heart of the crisis is a group known as Al Rahmah. They've been attacking this part of northern Mozambique for years. The violence has displaced thousands of people's even forced some NGO offices to suspend services. But it's unclear what the group wants use. If Adam is a historian in Mozambique, he's been tracking the new group when they started. Basically, they were yout. They didn't work they sold in the markets. Adam says there are a number of factors contributing to the rise of the group. There's a lot of poverty and young people out of work. It's causing a lot of frustration, especially while there are big mining and natural gas projects in the area, making millions and profits projects that haven't improved the lives of locals they were expelled from the land of the many they were paid for the land was not what they were expecting and what they want. Adam says All of this has contributed to what has become an armed insurgency in the north with militants that are well armed. They get a lot of freaky meant and so on from book they robe from the army. There are also growing concerns about the group's international ties in one video, believed to be from earlier this year. Shows armed militants in cargo. Delgado dressed in army fatigues, Bandeira, They're holding a flag of the Islamic state. There are Isis affiliates in some parts of Africa, but it's unclear what that means for Mozambique. Major General Dagon. Anderson leads the U. S Special Operations Command Africa he recently spoke about he's concerns during a press conference. We're looking at assessing what's happening in northern Mozambique UPIN the cobbled Agata region, so we are concerned with it because we do believe that there is a local issue. There are local agreements that is now Being leveraged by Islamic state in particular general, Anderson said the extent of the Isis connection in northern Mozambique is still unclear. Marchionni we of the Institute for Security Studies says the insurgency should be considered an international problem. Fighters from neighboring countries have reportedly joined the group. The way it is going now it will become a regional crisis that will affect for their country's inside in Africa. Mozambique has tried to stem the insurgency with military forthe deploying soldiers and setting up roadblocks that hasn't worked so far. Plus, the security forces have been accused of human rights abuses, killing people thought to be members of the group or assisting them. It's become nearly impossible for researchers and journalist to even visit the caboodle Gotto province warns the government's approach could backfire. If we don't go in there to protect human rights. There's going to be a backlash. Any division. No matter how good he might be. There's going to be headed that flash and that backlash is what feeds the insurgent. He says. Museum Vic needs international support, especially from its neighbours. On Monday, the Southern African Development Community, which is the region's political body, said it would help Mozambique as it confronts the terrorism and violent attacks. But they didn't say when that help would come or what it would be for the world. I'm Halima Condi. Coming up on the show. After the break. It's the size of a mouse with a trunk that makes it a relative of the elephants. Scientist spotted for the first time in half a century. You're listening to the world. For parents who can't work because their kids are learning at home. Emergency unemployment benefits could help. But there are some questions. What exactly happens when schools are only opened for maybe half of the week? Can people still get their benefits or not? Risdon reading, writing and making sense of anything else? Next time on marketplace? Here. Marketplace this afternoon at four o'clock here on.

Mozambique Halima Condi Adam Institute for Security Studies Africa Isis Capo Delgado Jamie Netto Al Rahmah South Africa Anderson Delgado U. S Special Operations Comman Southern African Development C Museum Vic Martin