2 Episode results for "Simon Sudbury"

35: "One-Stop Reality Escapes" Week

Feedback with EarBuds

11:09 min | 11 months ago

35: "One-Stop Reality Escapes" Week

"Hello and welcome to feedback with your butts. The podcast arm of Year Buds podcast collective I'm your host and the founder of ear Buds Ariel Nissim Black. This episode covers the week of June first through Fifth Twenty twenty I love it when a month starts on a Monday happy June. Thank you to this week's podcast and newsletter sponsors the Jordan Harbinger show and the future hindsight podcast we'll hear more from our sponsors later in the show ear buds podcast collective is listening movement. We send an email every Sunday that contains theme and five podcast episodes on that theme and each week's podcast picks are curated by a different person. Anyone can curate a-list. On this show, I'll share our five podcast episode recommendations of the week some information about our curator and some more information about the episodes. Then we'll also have some podcasts industry news from the inside podcasting newsletter, and we'll wrap it all up with some sponsor information and Patriot, shoutouts. First up are. Ear Buds podcast collective recommendations. This week's theme is one stop reality. Escapes the. Curator is Elena Fernandez. Collins who writes the audio dramatic newsletter. Here's why Elena chose this theme. Hi. My name is Elon and on this collins and themed shows is one stop reality escapes. Chose this theme because our consumption habits are necessarily changing, and then means sometimes you need a one time promise, and not a long term commitment. These episodes are escapes into fiction, the length of a movie or shorter. Here are the podcasts and episodes chosen by Elena along with short descriptions of each one. The first episode comes from the Big Luke podcast and it's called surfacing. It's thirty five minutes long. About this podcast. From QR RX Paul, Bay presents otherworldly stories from around the globe, every season feature, six distinct episodes, highlighting the strange, wonderful and often harrowing experiences of those living on the outer edges of the known world. In this episode, a Japanese Alma diver recounts the story of the love of her life through her daughter. The next episode comes from the sci-fi presents podcasts and is called CERBERUS REX. It's eighty four minutes law. In this audio drama Dr Annabella Korea a professor of astrophysics at Hawks More University travels upon request by a former colleague to well station, a research facility, performing experiments on a mystery of physics in an underground cave, a natural explorer Anna Russia's to view the phenomenon firsthand and accompanied by well station security slash containment officer. Benjamin Wynn guard is soon staring down at a marvel hidden deep, then not so deep. The next episode comes from the outliers podcast and is called. Sleep. It's twenty four minutes long. In this episode. Johanna for or cannot sleep. She is caught in the heat and fervor of the peasants revolt, as she joins the masses on their march to London, seeking an end to the poll tax in pursuit of justice. She leads a group into the Tower of London where they dragged Simon Sudbury to the executioner's block for a taste vengeance. The next episode comes trust from zero hours is called those familiar spirits. It's thirty six minutes long. In this episode, Seventeen, twenty, two in the American colonies, and the priest has his world turned upside down when a woman comes into the church, claiming to be a witch, and in possession of knowledge about the imminent end of the world. The last episode of the week comes from. Make believe, and it's called Bra. It's sixty one minutes long. This audio drama is a brave girls. Journey through the land of many monsters adapted from a Mexican Folk Tale by Nancy Garcia Loza. Those are the PODCASTS and episodes recommended by Atlanta Fernandez Collins for this week's theme. One Stop Reality Escapes. Each week in our newsletter which you can find and sign up for on our website ear buds podcast collective dot. Org are curator's have a chance to show off something they love. It can be a project a nonprofit anything. Here's what Elena wants us to know about. Elena writes fiction podcasts where my gateway into the medium, and in two thousand eighteen I started a newsletter just about fiction podcasting audio dramatic. If you're interested in getting more fiction, podcast, recommendations or reading essays, analyzing the fiction seen I've got you covered. Will Link to audio dramatic in the show notes. Follow along with the discussion of this week's podcast episodes by using the HASHTAG escape pods. Now for some podcast, Industry News. Each week we like to bring you pod news from the inside podcast newsletter written by skype pills Mary. I. Sky dropped a new episode of her podcast this week. The inside podcasting podcast featuring an interview with some very beloved podcasters, she interviews ear hustle hosts and Pulitzer Prize finalists Nigel poor and Alan. Woods your hustle tell stories about daily life in San Quentin prison. It's hosted by visual artists and San Quentin volunteer, nine poor and former prison inmate earl on woods, Antoine Williams, who also helped found the podcast. Is The show sound designer? In an incredible turn of events, former California governor Jerry Brown commuted sentences in two thousand eighteen, Crediting Orleans work on the podcast as a factor in the decision since. The Ear Hustle team has brought on new producers to tell stories from the inside while exploring new narratives on the outside. You can listen to Sky Interview Nigel and early on in her podcast. The inside podcasting podcast wherever you get your podcasts. I just said PODCASTS A lot. Next from inside podcasting a note from Kevin, thron he says. I'm a twenty six year old, blind, Malaysian and polymath as a Malaysian I live a multiracial racial life. I speak Tamil Malay- and the English language. I'm fascinated by technology, science, life, sound design and many more things. PODCASTS are a great medium to quench my thirst for knowledge, and to better understand life stories, and the world, due to a lack of oxygen inside my incubator I became blind before I realized I was form of life. My primary mode of learning is through touching and listening experiences I, learned Braille writing, and I love talking about Braille and its influence on my language understanding. cave-in further says accessibility is a design principle in practice insurance that your service and content are accessible to all regardless of disability, geography and social status accessibility should be as important as visual layout and workability. We are fortunate that the RSS Standard is a platform agnostic protocol meaning. We put it into any application, which supports the standard, and it becomes accessible to a screen reader. However, the rise of podcasts has triggered many new innovations and experiments, and it's critical that accessibility not be left out. cave-in continues to offer many ideas for web designers and podcast industry players to better understand the act of serving their blind users. More on this, you can head to inside dot. com slash podcasting and read this week's newsletter from Sky Pillsbury to learn more about what Kevin says. As always thank you to skype. Where you for creating inside podcasting, we'll be back next week with more podcast industry news. Sponsor time. Thank you to all our sponsors. You make this podcast and newsletter possible. If you want to become a sponsor, you can email us at ear. Buds podcast collective dot org. I from future hindsight, this episode is brought to you by the future hindsight podcast each week host meal at most interviews, activists and citizen change makers involved with justice, democracy and equality. Tune into their tenth season for expert takes on countering fake news, protecting ourselves online and staying hopeful in an uncertain future. Listen now. You're hindsight, DOT, com, or wherever you listen to podcasts. Next the Jordan Harbinger show imagine being part of a conversation with your favorite scientists, author performer and absorbing wisdom from the sharpest minds of our day you now have a front row seat to learn skills and strategies directly from masters of their craft, and hear stories from those who have lived them firsthand. Jordan will keep you entertained and learning tips from experts all over the world. Listen to the Jordan Harbinger show wherever you get your podcasts. Next we want to shout out our patriots. Thank you to all of our supporters. You really helps. Eliza Coal Corey Dan Jared Lee Michael the Retro Network Masha and Katie thank you all so much. You can also be a contributor. Yes, you and you get this nifty shoutout. GO TO PATRIOT DOT COM slash year buds podcast collective and sign up there for just two dollars a month. We're throwing a Combo. PODCAST networking event. Happy Hour on Thursday June fourth at six thirty PM Pacific Time Nine. Thirty eastern time. It's just a few days away. It's virtual. Of course so everyone can attend. We're going to be matching mentors with men teas, and then breaking into discussion groups based on topics of interest in the podcast. Industry. I've been missing in person podcast events living in la before the pandemic, there were so many podcasts happy hours, and it's weird. Both socially and because a lot of collaborations come from these person events. We're GONNA try to replicate that via this online event? I hope you can make it. For more information to sign up, go to ear. Buds podcast collective. Dot Org slash. That's buds podcast collective dot org slash events. That's all for today. Head to our social media to find links to the episodes that we mentioned were on twitter at ear buds, pod, call, and we're on instagram and facebook at ear. Buds podcast collective. You can sign up to receive our podcast. Recommendations email at ear. Buds podcast collective DOT ORG it goes out every Sunday night. We're currently in the process of putting up our entire newsletter archive on our website in order to find the beginnings of that archive go to ear. Buds podcast collective dot org slash podcast recommendations. We're slowly putting it together, but very soon we're going to have over one hundred and fifty lists of podcast recommendations for you to check back on. We've been doing this since February of two thousand seventeen and each week. We've recommended at least five podcasts, so there is a lot for you to catch up on. Again in order to find archives goes year. Buds podcast collective dot org, and then on the navigation. Bar Click podcast recommendations. This show is written and produced by me. It's edited mix and designed by Daniel Turret. Our newsletter is edited by ABC Leon Skiing Our theme music by Matt Sweet Oh. Thank you for tuning in tweet at us and let us know that you're an ear buddy. We'd love to hear from you. Catchy next time. Keep staying healthy staying safe staying away from people and of course listening to podcasts five.

Elena Fernandez Atlanta Fernandez Collins skype Fifth Twenty twenty founder Benjamin Wynn San Quentin Nigel poor Tower of London Pulitzer Prize Kevin California Simon Sudbury Nancy Garcia Loza Elon Johanna Bay London San Quentin la
Wat Tyler and the Uprising of 1381

Stuff You Missed in History Class

43:57 min | 11 months ago

Wat Tyler and the Uprising of 1381

"Brighten your day with an ice, cold starbucks, cold brew, smooth and refreshing. It might just be the little lift you need like a cool breeze on a sun soaked afternoon. Download the starbucks to order ahead. Hi I'm Tom. Colegio I'm a chef restaurateur, food, advocate and the host of the new podcast called citizens chef on iheartradio. People might turn on the news and see stories about the pandemic immigration our healthcare I see stories about food. On, this podcast will tour the political climate, looking for inroads the food wherever we can find him from the Labor to disaster relief listened to citizens chef, the I heart radio, APP, apple podcasts, or you get your podcasts. Welcome to stuff. You missed in history, Class A production of iheartradio. Hello and welcome to the PODCAST. I'm Tracy, Wilson and I'm Holly Fried what of kind of weird things to come out of the ongoing covid. Nineteen pandemic has been a phenomenon that I am liking to call bad takes about the black death. There are various articles, tweets and comments on our facebook page all about how the black death was a good thing, actually because sure. While it did kill as much as half of Europe, it also did everything from increasing wages to literally causing the renaissance. Medieval and early modern historians have done so much debunking of these ideas through tweets and blog posts and various op-eds and today we have a topic that really illustrates that there is not some kind of switch got flipped that magically turned to the black death into the renaissance. It's not like in a video game where you grind up a certain amount of experience, and then you unlocked the renaissance. It did not work that way. This incident has been known as what Tyler's rebellion and as the peasants revolt of thirteen eighty one today it is more often called the uprising of thirteen, eighty, one or the great rising and I. Just WanNa take a minute. I can imagine people listening to this episode and thinking that. Maybe we chose it because of parallels to the current situation where his there has been a lot of. Violence and destruction and property damage and some key in some cases deaths. Through this ongoing week of. Protests and violence that have been happening in the United States. This. Episode was actually written the week of May Eighteenth So, if people. See Parallels between this episode and what's currently happening? They are not something. We tried to pick as some kind of political statement. Right I also feel like we could do. An entire episode of this wasn't a magic switch. Yeah, right like there are a lot of the way that history has taught. Is that way where it's like this? Happen in a catalyzed this and. That's true to some extent, but it's not as though everything shifts gears suddenly. Low Progression well in one of the op-eds. That's that's really been focused on debunking. This whole idea says pretty clearly that a lot. Of AP, world history classes have really framed the idea that the black death caused the renaissance, but it's like a huge oversimplification. Yeah, it will become more clear as we get through this episode today. So we're not going to dwell on the details of the black death as an illness, but it is a necessary part of the context of this uprising. The black death was really one piece of a larger pandemic, the second plague pandemic, which progress through Asia. Europe and Africa in waves from the fourteenth, the eighteenth centuries the term, the black death was coined in the eighteenth century to describe the plague that moved from eastern or Central Asia through Europe the Mediterranean and northern Africa between thirteen, forty, six and thirteen, fifty, three of the black death, was truly catastrophic, at least a third of the population of Europe died, and it was possibly as much as half in some specific regions that was as much as eighty percent. Today's episode is really focused on England and England's population. Before the black death had been about sixty thousand people afterward, it was half that although some of that drop came from people who fled to other parts of Europe to try to escape the plague. Between Twenty and thirty percent of the English nobility died along with about forty five percent of the clergy, and between forty and seventy percent of the peasant class, and some cases, those numbers were even higher, and then the disease itself was just horrifying on top of having a high high mortality rate. It's progression wants somebody contracted. It was really gruesome because the plague recurred in waves over the course of several years. Years People also didn't know when it was over. It would seem as though the danger had passed only for another wave of illness to strike, and since there were other outbreaks of the plague in the decades after the black death ended, it took generations for the population to really start to recover England was largely agrarian, and the land was considered to belong to the monarch. The monarch granted land to the. The nobility in exchange for service, including providing soldiers or funding and a time of war, this exchange of land for some kind of service was replicated on the lower rungs of the social and economic ladder, and this went all the way down to free holders who owned or rented small amounts of land, and then the unfree tenants who were known as villains, bondsman or serfs, and they were legally obligated to work. Work for their landlord and subsist on a small plot that they kept for themselves, they were not free laborers. They were obligated to do this. In this land for service system. When a household's main tenant died, his son, or another air had to pay a fee to take his place in England for a baron that might be a hundred pounds for a peasant. It was typically the households best livestock animal. During the black death, so many English tenants died that landlords received more livestock than they could possibly take care of or use, and this was in spite of a livestock plague, that had previously killed many of these animals landlord sold off so any surplus animals that the market collapsed because the plague was the worst in the summer and a lot of areas there wasn't. Wasn't enough. Labor alive by the fall to harvest the crops that had been planted in the spring. This labor shortage led to food shortages. UNHARVESTED crops rotted in the fields in the similarly not like an video game analogy. There's just not a one to one correspondence between how many people it takes to harvest the food, and how many people that food will feed. In Normal Times. Medieval manors also tended to be relatively self contained with their own blacksmith, and their own bakeries are and their own mills, which tenants were obligated to us. If in a states only blacksmith or Miller brewer died, there might not be anybody to replace them or anybody else. He really knew how to do that work. Although the Medieval world wasn't exclusively Christian the Christian church was colossally powerful, High Place Church officials also held high ranking government, positions and high ranking nobles were often prominent in. In the church, aside from that religion was threaded through virtually every aspect of everyday life, but the black death started to undermine the church power because the disease spread so easily the most compassionate and most involved clergy, the ones who really tried to comfort and care for the sick and their families. They were among the plagues first victims in general, the clergy who survived were the ones who had not been doing that work. The plague also really devastated monastic communities where people lived in very close quarters. This caused such a huge labor shortage within the church that it had to relax its criteria for clergy, and that led to an influx of people who were more interested in the income or living that came with the position than actually carrying out a clergyman's duties. People became more distrustful of clergymen and of the Church and its involvement in everyday life, especially in the face of devastation, so immense that people wondered if God was punishing them. Aside from all of that in the black death, immediate aftermath, so many people had died, and so much had been disrupted that things turned into a state of near lawlessness, and this brings us to some of the things that have led people to argue that the black death was maybe a good thing, although none of them are all that straightforward. Before the black death, England was in the middle of a land crunch. In addition to an increasing population, leading up to the thirteenth century, people had divided their estates among their heirs, which resulted in people, holding smaller and smaller amounts of land, this led to shift to Primogeniture, in which the eldest son was the only one to inherit, but that shift couldn't really undo. What had happened in those earlier generations after the black death, though a lot of families are able to re consolidate their holdings among the people who survived and then in some cases to increase those holdings further through intermarriage with other neighboring families. People went from having a states that were just too small to be profitable to having ones that were actually lucrative again, people who had not been able to acquire land at all, because there just wasn't any were able to buy or rent these newly available parcels that said because of the labor shortage it wasn't uncommon for people to have trouble finding enough workers for these newly consolidated estates, also a landlord whose tenants had died or left, was no longer being paid rent, he was no longer collecting fees for the use of the manors. Mills are ovens if he couldn't find hired Labor to replace his previous workers, his crops went to waste, and his livestock went untended. With an excess of land in shortage of workers, many turned their attention from cultivated crops to livestock, which was leslie intensive. The massive labor shortage made it easier for surviving workers to negotiate better terms for themselves. People who were dissatisfied with their pay, or they're working or living conditions could find a different job on another manner, or they could move to a city or a town more easily. Tenant. Farmers are able to negotiate lower rents or to rent larger amounts of land that could, at least in theory yield a bigger income in general wages increased often by as much as fifty percent, and sometimes more than that, however in many cases, it probably wasn't that people were being paid more for the same work. People were working more to make up for the shortage of labor. The increase in incomes was also at least partially offset by rising inflation and higher prices on goods that were now in short supply. There's also the part where for the lowest paid people they sort of went for making not enough to live on to barely enough to live on two zero zero. People who moved from the country to the city after the black death generally had more opportunities available to them. Especially, because urban environment were dealing with their own labor, shortages trade guilds started shortening the links of their apprenticeship. Try to replenish their numbers, but this really meant there was also a big loss of knowledge, skill and quality among the various trades, and in some cases, the number of newcomers to the city's just outstripped the number of available jobs, causing these recent arrivals just become a drain on resources as a trend merchants fared better than rural landlords because their work didn't require the large labor force that agriculture did this was especially true is. Is Increasing wages and ongoing shifts in supply and demand allowed more people to buy better quality and luxury goods of course England's wealthiest classes saw all of this the increased freedom for workers, the rising wages, and the luxury goods, becoming more available to the masses as a threat, they tried to return things to the way they had been before the Plague Parliament passed the ordinance of laborers in thirteen, forty nine, and the statute of labourers, thirteen, fifty one to return wages to their pre pandemic levels, also to require able bodied men and women under the age of sixty to work, and to prevent people from moving to find different or better work. These statutes were not always enforced very well, but when they were, the focus was most often on the working people who were being paid more money. Not on the employers and the landlords who were hanged them. In thirteen sixty three parliament also passed a subsidiary law to try to keep the trappings of wealth only with the wealthy, so it was like the latest in a series of these laws, some of which had been back before the black death, so by the time of the thirteen eighty one uprising things are at least somewhat better for some of England's population, but in general, the people who had gained the most in the wake of the black death were the people. People who already had some wealth to start with too many working people? It had seemed like they were going to have meaningfully more money and opportunities, but thanks to things like shortages, other illness outbreaks and statute of laborers, those theoretical gains had disappeared or plateaued and England's poorest people. The serfs were still not free. We have not even talked about taxes yet and taxes were really the spark. That started this rebellion. We will get into that after a sponsor break. This episode of stuff you missed in history. Classes brought to you by Norton three sixty with lifelock. How you spend your time in what you listen to you is totally within your control, your personal information on the other hand that is another story because when you shop bank or Browse Online, your personal information gets out there, and you can lose control of it exposing you to Cybercrime, but you can get back essence of control over how to help protect yourself and your personal information. Thankfully, there's Norton three sixty with lifelock and all in one membership for your cyber. Cyber safety that gives you device security identity, theft protection of VPN for online privacy and more, plus if there's an identity theft related problem, they have agents who will work to fix it now. 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The black death took place during the warfare between England and France came to be known as the Hundred Years War, even though it was really a series of intermittent conflicts that played out over a span of one hundred sixteen years in England the primary way to raise money for war was three taxes, and at the time, the only acceptable reason to directly tax the population was to deal with an immediate threat to the realm. This meant that warfare and taxation were tightly linked in. In People's minds, so if the war was going badly for England, public opinion was more likely to blame corruption and ineptitude from parliament and royal advisers who had demanded their tax money rather than blaming the military. The Hundred Years War is generally noted as starting at thirteen thirty seven and England saw a series of victories and thirteen forties and fifties, but then the tide started to turn, France allied with Scotland and attacked parts of the English coast and started reclaiming territory that it had. Had previously ceded to England Francis Castilian. Allies also destroyed the English Fleet in Thirteen, seventy, two, an English forces on the ground in France suffered various setbacks after using a variety of taxation strategies to raise the money to pay for all of this parliament passed a poll tax in thirteen, seventy, seven that same year, the second, who was aged ten at the time, ascended to the throne after the death of his grandfather. Edward the third Richard's father who had been next in line for. For the throne had died the year before earlier taxes had been fractional taxes like their name suggests they were based on a fraction of how much someone's movable goods were worth. These were assessed at the community level based on how large and affluent the community was, and they left it up to each community to figure out who should pay what so at least in theory it was based on your ability to pay the tax, but the thirteen seventy seven poll tax was different. It was a flat rate of four pence per person required of everyone over the age of fourteen with the exception of beggars, even though everyone was paying the same amount regardless of how much money they had. This poll tax didn't seem all that agree just two people. Four pence was about the price of a dozen eggs. It was still more than a day's pay. For the Louis Pay. Laborers though England still needed more money, though in early thirteen, seventy eight parliament passed another fractional tax. That was do that February. Many towns were also required to build ships to bolster the English fleet, and since they had to pay for this themselves, this was perceived as yet another tax. Then thirteen seventy nine Charles v of France annexed the Duchy of Brittany and there was another poll tax to try to fund efforts to restore its independence. The second poll tax was on a sliding scale based on a person's profession with thirty three different professions listed at different tax rates. Anybody who wasn't a member of one of those professions was again taxed at four pence the government had gone to the Kings jewels and had secured loans from several towns, but combined with the poll tax this. This still wasn't enough. In part because of increasing tax evasion, and then the newly raised English fleet was scattered in a storm, and nearly twenty ships were wrecked. Another fractional tax followed this one frame alone. That would be repaid rather than an actual tax taxes had to be approved by parliament and parliament was not expected to be in session again for the next eighteen months, so people believe this tax, but really alone would be the last one for a while. Instead Parliament was summoned again in November thirteen, eighty, two once again, approve another poll tax to fund the ongoing war like the thirteen seventy seven tax. This poll tax was a flat rate. Every person over the age of fifteen was required to pay twelve pence or one shilling to add insult to injury. This tax was due in two installments the first at the end of February and the second at the beginning of June. There was not a lot of time to plan for that first payment, and since it was due toward the end of winter, it was also at the hardest time of year for rural people. It's possible that no tax would have possibly gone well at this point, but this tax was despised. It was three times as large as the previous flat rate tax, and for large households. It just added up to enormous amounts of money people. Doubt that the tax was really necessary. The king's uncle John of Gaunt Duke of Lancaster who was highly placed in the administration had asked for more tax revenue than the military budget really seemed to require people thought he was either lining his own with this money or using it to pay for his own ventures that weren't directly related to the military needs of the kingdom, so England's fed-up population sick of paying taxes just. Didn't. Tax evasion was widespread with as many as thirty to fifty percent of people, simply vanishing from the local tax rolls. People were like my widowed mother, not part of my household. Not Not GonNa name on there. When the government realized that the amount of money that had been collected was way less than they expected. They dispatched commissioners to investigate this rampant types of Asian investigations started in late, May, thirteen, eighty, one when John Hampton and Sir John Guilds. Berg arrived in Brentwood Essex which is northeast of London and his part of the Greater London metropolitan area today Bam was a justice of the peace, and when delegates from Brentwood and the surrounding communities arrived to meet with him they. They may have thought that he was there for the upcoming June court session when they learned that it was really a tax investigation. The delegates were angry, astonished Thomas Baker. fobbing insisted that everyone had paid already that they had a receipt from Banten saying so and that they would not be paying any more. When the commissioners ordered their guards to start making arrests, the delegates ran them out of town, armed with things like bows and arrows. Then the delegates returned to the. The fifteen or so towns and villages where they lived, and they started using a resistance including spreading the word into other nearby towns in Essex meanwhile, the unrest also spread into Kent June second was the day that the final tax payment was due. It was also the holiday of Whitsunday Pentecost on that day. People from at Least Forty Essex communities met in balking which is northeast of Brentwood and swore an oath to their 'cause. They also started plans to break radical priest. Priest John Ball out of prison ball preached on things, equality and the abolition of England's class structure. His ideas were considered heretical, and he had been excommunicated by the Archbishop of Canterbury. Ball had been incarcerated at an ecclesiastical prison on June. Seventh rebels and Kent named former soldier Walter Tyler known as what as their leader people from Essex and Kent then marched on London with the people of can't first converging on Canterbury and making their way to London via the pilgrimage road. At some point during all of this John Ball was broken out of prison, and his speeches to the rebels continued to advocate for a classless society, including the widely quoted quote when Adam delved and eve span, who then was a gentleman as we said at the top of the show for a long time, this was known as the peasants revolt. The word peasants generally conjures up an image of poor agricultural. Agricultural workers or landless people, and some of the people involved with their revolt. Definitely do fit that description, but there were also free tenants and small landholders, as well as clergy, apprentices and Tradespeople Thomas, Baker and Wat Tyler were as their name, suggests a Baker Tyler that doesn't necessarily mean the uprisings trades. People were all free, though there were definitely bakers in Tyler's and other workers who were classified as serfs. At the same time, some of the people involved were also relatively powerful people in their communities, including having previously served as assessors or constables or bailiffs women. We're also a huge part of the uprising both participants, and as targets of the taxes and policies that were being protested, and as had been the case with most of the other protests uprising and strikes that we have talked about on the show. Women were generally the ones who were making men's participation possible by making sure that the demonstrators stayed clothed and fed, as the uprising moved toward London, some of the nobility became involved and some of the city's merchants as well, and we will get into the uprising inland in after sponsor break. Support for stuff you missed in history. Class comes from our friends at rocket mortgage by quicken loans home. Today is so much more than it was yesterday, but it rocket mortgage home is still about you. During these challenging times where I'll experiencing the top priority at rocket mortgage is the health and safety of the communities they serve, and while things are changing quickly every day. One thing that will never change is their teams commitment to giving you the best mortgage experience possible. That's why if you need mortgage support. Their team of experts is there to answer questions and offer solutions. They understand the hardships happen and they are here. Here to help whether that means working with you to save money on your mortgage or finding a new way to navigate payments. If you have questions, team rocket mortgage has answers. They know how important your home is to you because you are important to them. If you need mortgage assistance, the home loan experts at rocket mortgage are available to help twenty four hours a day seven days a week from their home to yours. The team rocket mortgage is with you. Visit rocket mortgage dot com slash history to learn more call for cost, information and conditions equal housing lender licensed in all fifty states nmlsconsumeraccess.org dot org number thirty thirty. In this episode of stuff you missed in history. Classes brought to you by bounty. I did a real smart thing recently. I've been cooking a lot more since I've been home. We ordered some sauce and the little plastic stopper that kind of portions out droplets into your stuff was somehow messed up like it just wasn't working properly so I took it off, and I said to my husband I have to remember that I took this off so I don't throw soy sauce around the kitchen when I am next making recipe. And what do you think happened the next time I? Use this always sauce I. It was like an Olympic sport. I. Don't know what I was doing in trying to like quickly. Whip it from the bottle into the dish. I was making it went F- burry wear. Thankfully, we had bounty on hand to clean up that mess and actually I probably left the kitchen, a little bit cleaner than I walked into it with, and that is all thanks to bounty. If you're worried about supplies, rest assured bounty is producing and shipping at a record high level, so they are really really working to get on the shelves, so you can use it bounty, the quicker picker upper. That late May incident in Brentwood had ended with John Bam and the other commissioners being run out of town, and although the commissioners said that the delegates had been pursuing them with the intent to kill them, it seems as though everyone escaped without injury, but as uprising progressed in the early June of thirteen, eighty, one things became increasingly violent all over south east England people attacked manners, Abbes in the homes of sheriff's s cheaters and other officials. Handled various matters related to what we described today as the feudal system that includes collecting of the fee after the death of attendant, and yes, that is the etymology of the term cheater. Rebels burned records including tax records and documentation of people serfdom in Cambridge, a woman named Marjorie star was described as throwing the ashes of these burn documents into the wind, saying away with the learning of clerks away with it, some of the chroniclers who wrote about this uprising in the fourteenth century, framed all of this as the product of the rebels, willful ignorance and illiteracy but it. It was really a coordinated effort carried out by the residents of communities all over England, especially in the southeast to destroy all the written records of a system that they felt was oppressive and corrupt, if there was no record of their taxation and their bondage and their rents, or all the other expenses and commitments that were associated with their lives than they could be free of it. Documents were seized or destroyed and more than a hundred and fifty places around England this also went beyond property destruction on June tenth a mob and Essex Killed Cheater. John you'll before burning his records that same day the king's minister started attempting to negotiate with the rebels who were demanding an audience with the king by June twelfth as many as thirty thousand people had encamped at black heath, which part of London today and the King's court had moved from the Palace of Westminster into the Tower of London out of fear for their own safety outside of London crowds from Essex, and Suffolk had ransacked the home of Henry English. English, which was in Bird Brooke and Richard Lyons, which was enlisted in English, was the sheriff of Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire, and lions was a widely hated merchant and financier, the assembled forces from Kent Essex and Suffolk. Vastly outnumbered the Kings available army, so the King agreed to negotiate with the rebels. He traveled down the Thames by boat to meet them, but once he arrived at the meeting point. It was decided that it was just too dangerous for him to go ashore. This of course stoked the rebels, anger and resentment, and at some point on June thirteenth somebody it is not clear who opened the gates of London to the? Crowd once inside. They burned Savoy Palace. which was the home of John of gaunt, they also looted and burned the homes of other prominent officials as well as the buildings that were situated along London Bridge on June, fourteen, th the king met with Watt, Tyler, and men from Essex at Mile, end tyler presented the king with a series of demands including the abolition of serfdom. Community Self Governance execution of several widely hated public officials, who he described as traders and general amnesty of the rebels. There are various interpretations of the King's response. Either his youthful inexperience meant that he wasn't a very good negotiator, or he really did feel some sympathy for the rebels. He also might've have felt like. There was no other option because these rebels vastly outnumbered his army and had done all kinds of destruction and kill people. He made some really really sweeping promises including that he would abolish serfdom and forced labor that he would bring these so-called traitors to justice, which includes some people that were high up within his own court, and that he would issue a blanket pardon for anybody who had participated in the uprising, the king gave tyler signed charters that granted the serfs their freedom, however, as that was happening, other rebels broke into the Tower of London. The future. King, Henry the. The fourth was protected by hiding him in the cupboard. The rebels captured and beheaded several prominent people one was Simon Sudbury, who was both the Archbishop of Canterbury that was the one who had excommunicated. John Ball who you mentioned earlier and the Chancellor of England another was Lord High Treasurer of England Robert. Hales who is also the admiral of the West and Grand Prior of the Knights of Malta. Their heads were reportedly put on display and paraded around London. Among, others John, leg a royal sergeant at arms, was also executed in some of the chronicles of this event. He was described as putting his hands of teenage girls skirts under the pretense of determining if they were old enough to work. Richard Lyons was killed as well. The targets of this violence also went beyond the officials who were associated with taxes and serfdom and other issues that we're being protested. The mob focused on Fleming's were a widely hated ethnic group in London Flemish. Homes and businesses were targeted looted and burned, and roughly a hundred and forty Fleming's in London were massacred what tyler and the king met for a second time on June fifteenth. The goal was to persuade Tyler to. To get the rebels to disperse from London, Instead Tyler presented additional demands, including an end to tithing in a redistribution of wealth during a heated argument between Tyler and London Mayor William Walworth Tyler was stabbed probably by Walworth, but that is not entirely clear. The king at this point did something which is fascinating to me, which is that he rode out to the assembled Bob told them that he was their leader now and lead them out of town. Tyler was taken to the hospital of Saint Bartholomew where Walworth later went and killed him, while worth had also raised his own fighting force of about five thousand men, and he dispatched them to start putting down this rebellion with Tyler gone the government moved to put down the rebellion and aggressive and bloody effort that went on for weeks, hundreds of people were killed in fighting all around southeastern England. John Ball was captured on July thirteenth, and he was hanged drawn and. And quartered two days later, although the king had made a series of very broad promises to what tyler most of them were never carried out, he withdrew the charters that had given the serfs, their freedom on June twenty third, reportedly, saying villains Ye. ARE AND VILLAINS YE shall remain case. You're curious, just like as cheater is the etymology for cheat. This is where the word villains come from, so people thought the cheaters cheaters, and they thought the serfs were villains. He never carried out the other reforms he had promised in that meeting either the people who were believed to be ringleaders of this whole rebellion were rounded up. Some were hangs. Some were drawn and quartered, but after the executions were done, the king did order a general amnesty and amnesty records are one of the sources of information for who these rebels actually were and where they lived. At the same time, a lot of people took this as an opportunity to get a pardon for crimes. Committed either fearing that they might be accused of something later or just thinking that a documented pardon might be a useful thing to have in a time that was clearly so socially and politically chaotic. The only thing that this uprising really concretely achieved was that the government stopped pursuing this whole poll tax issue. At the same time, though this was England's first large popular uprisings so autumn, more intangible level, it demonstrates who everyone that's such. A thing was even possible. This kind of peasant uprising really was not unique to England in the fourteenth century, the same conditions that lead people in England to rise up existed in most of the rest of Europe as well. Popular Revolts, civil wars and other social unrest were widespread all across Europe from the thirteen hundred three, the fifteen hundreds a lot of the gains that the lower classes did see during these centuries were not simply because the black death had killed so many people it came out of this widespread unrest and violence, as is always the case with everything in history, this uprising has been interpreted and reinterpreted in the centuries since then. Even though the rebels destroyed a lot of the records of their own lives and personal histories the. Is Still Pretty Heavily documented through court records medieval chronicles and works of Literature, but all these sources have their own biases. The court records for example from a legal system that was innately biased against the defendants and the chroniclers who detailed the day to day occurrences if uprising often disagree with one another on the specific details, the chroniclers in general also didn't necessarily understand. Understand the people involved or what their grievances were. There are eight different accounts of the whole uprising, including the anonymous chronicle, which was probably written by Lynn Abbey. The chronicles of Henry Knighton who was an Augustinian Canon? The chronicles of Thomas. Walls Ingham who was a benedictine monk in the chronicles of Jean Francois who was a medieval poet court historian in general their lives. Lives were fairly removed from the people that they were writing about. And they lump the rebels together as uneducated peasants motivated by willful ignorance frazar characterized John Ball as mad, so we kicked off this episode by talking about bad takes about the black death, which sort of compressed the whole time line between the black death, and the renaissance, just skipping over centuries of unrest. Unrest and also something we didn't really get into in this episode. Imagining the renaissance as a time that was a lot better for working. People than the medieval period had been, which was not necessarily true at all, but they're both there's been some bad takes about thirteen eighty one rebellion, including that it literally inspired the French Revolution while there is some similarity between the. Focus, on freedom and equality, and the French Revolution Ideals of Liberty Equality Fraternity. I, guess, you could also make comparisons between the reign of terror, and the beheading of officials and parading their heads around London that idea just leap frogs. Four Hundred Years of history. Yeah! The cause and effect stuff that sometimes happens when discussing history, loses a little bit of track of timeline in nuance. Yeah I mean you can make lots of arguments about all kinds of things were like we see patterns in history when we look back on them or how one thing set conditions in place that made another thing more likely, but. The black death caused the renaissance. Really oversimplified Do you have a little bit of non over-simplified Listener Mail I I. Do I. This is from Aaron. An errand sent this wonderful email after our whole, MEC. Wasn't exactly a two parter, but we spent a week talking about whole Mecca practice babies. Erin writes hi Tracey and Holly. My high school had an infant lab class. This was an elective for those high schoolers seniors who were not parents, but for students like myself who had a baby at sixteen, it was mandatory. This class was a godsend for me. Obviously without it I probably would have had to drop out of high school. The class taught the young parents and students how to care for an infant and toddler. It was seen as a support to the parents and a cautionary tale to the other students. It covered topics like child development nutrition, educational play child safety stress. Management and And other life lessons it was fortunate because the teachers who taught the class were supportive, sweet and caring, and the students who also took care of my son were amazing, too, so my knowledge, they ended the program after we graduated in two thousand and two, because the program was seen as a crutch for teen parents, and not enough of a deterrent from teen pregnancy. I don't know what happened to the teen parents who came after me I hope they were able to find the support that they needed to finish highschool. As he mentioned this topic touches on so many other issues that won't drone on about here. Socio economic reform education intuition reform a woman's right to choose the foster care systems, etc, etc, all of these things play a part in endless political shell game that will continue costing the most vulnerable of more than just money but I digress, thank you for your clear concise presentation of this topic I never knew about practice babies, even though my son basically was one for two years. Stay safe, Aaron. PS attaches a picture of my son with one of his and my favorite student caregivers. He's twenty now and likes to joke that he liked high school so much the first time that he went back for more. Thank you so much Erin. We have gotten so many lovely impersonal emails about the the whole. Mc episodes and the practice baby episodes and I'm sure we will read more of them in the future. When I was in high school. Anybody who had a baby in highschool was sent to a different school. which when I started high school in our particular school system. It was called Optional Education. Terrible name. The school system rebranded it as independence high school and it was like it was the high school where teenage parents went. As well as where like the kids that had been expelled from schools were able to go there to continue their educations. And I. Tried to go figure out like what's what's the school system? I grew up in doing now. Did Not. Get a great answer to that question. so anyway, thank you again. Erin for that wonderful email, and for the great picture If you'd like to write to us about this order podcast, rich history podcast at iheartradio dot com. We're also all over social media at missed in history. That's where you will find our facebook twitter, pinterest and instagram. And you can subscribe to our show on Apple podcast the iheartradio APP and anywhere else you get podcasts. Stuff you missed in history classes, the production of iheartradio for more podcasts iheartradio visit the iheartradio, APP apple podcasts or wherever you listen to your favorite shows. Thinking about adding popular music to your platform or APP to power new music, features and filters concerned that it's too hard and expensive to license and integrate music meet Song Clip. The first ever social. Music Api Song Clip is an easy and cost effective solution for bringing fully compliant popular music to your platform through an easy to integrate and fully customizable API visit Song Clip Dot Com to learn more today. I'm Katie couric I'm? John I'm an award winning journalists. If I do say so, myself am a hot to trot trailblazing marketing executive and we're very confident. We wanted to combine those as business and branding expertise with Katie's natural curiosity to create a podcast responding to this moment in time, welcome tobacco Biz with Katie and bows each week will interview innovators, creators, and CEO's to find out. How are pandemic present will forever change. Change the business of tech can media travel and leisure, education, sports, fashion and pop culture, because in many ways, this has been a really dark time, but it's also a time for reassessing recalibrating and finding the light. We're doing ten episodes and you can catch them thirty, so listen to back to Biz with Kadian bows on the iheartradio APP apple podcasts, or where ever you get your favorite shows.

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