1 Episode results for "Sima Nagasaki"
That history should not repeat: Hiroshimas storytellers
"This. Economist podcast is sponsored by Mastercard. Working with national regional and local governments around the world. Mastercard is committed to make the digital economy. What for everyone? Everywhere. Learn more at digital nation. Dot. Economist. Dot Com. Hello and welcome to the intelligence on economist Radio I'm your host Jason Palmer. Every weekday, we provide a fresh perspective on the events shaping your world. For? Twenty, six years, one man has led the Eastern European country of. Belarus. Alexander Lukashenko. But he's bungled response to covid. Nineteen turns out. Vodka doesn't cure it. Now, he faces an unexpected and wildly popular challenger in Sunday's election. And horror movies have long hung plots, the tools of communication, think of the television and poltergeist or the calls are coming from inside the house. So. It's no surprise that there's a new flick in which zoom plays a role. But these creepy. I up though. Seventy, five years ago, this week, the B twenty, nine, bomber, Nola gay dropped little boy, the world's first use of an atomic weapon. At Eight fifteen in the morning of August six Japanese time. The first atomic thumb has done enemy talk. It detonated over. Hiroshima immediately killing around one hundred and forty. Thousand People I'm was aimed to explode about zero point. In the city at the junction of. Untold River. Three days later, another stroke sake. As Japan marks the anniversary, it hopes to keep the wartime memories alive using the stories of people who survived the attacks. On all. Holland. But the average age of survivors is now over eighty three. But those. This'll be the last chance to hear from those witnesses during a major anniversary. August sixth nineteen forty five was supposed to be a day off for seventeen year old. Takeo to Toco. No Snyder is the economists Tokyo Bureau chief. She had made plans to meet two girlfriends at eight fifteen owning at a train station on the west side of Shema. She was running late, and then she stepped outside, she saw flash and heard a bang. Which you regained consciousness, she found herself lying thirty meters away a mushroom cloud rising over the city. People with charts skin peeling from their arms rushing over a nearby hillside. Mr K. Ohka left's to look for her mother. and. Found rivers filled with bodies took her six days to locate her mom who is still miraculously alive. Mom lived for another twenty two years. We stuck ohka became a prominent voice amongst the hypocrisy shower, atomic bomb survivors, atomic sufferers. Telling Her story abroad many times in hopes of preventing atomic bombs from ever being used again. I heard this tale from her daughter. He got no. Mario. Who's part of a fascinating unique project underway in both your Sima Nagasaki to help preserve the stories, of Hypoxia, for generations to come to, how does this project work? So there are still some hundred and thirty thousand living. inbox. Amiss. Gone. But their average age is now over eighty three and the number who can tell their stories publicly is declining drastically. Just. You got the fact that could have done this. So the city government's in both fishermen sake have been recruiting scores of volunteers like music Otieno to become what they call dense Shosha or legacies successors. These are essentially memory keepers, people who learned the stories of the hypoxia down to the most gruesome details in order to be able to retell them with power and veracity for years into the future do. So the volunteers in, Hiroshima, have to go through a rather rigorous course, three years of study training discussion with hypoxia before they're allowed to retell the stories in public. Ms Higashi, no is somewhat unusual in that. She inherited own story, most of the Dan Shosha, take on a stranger's burden. And it simply because that's that generation of of survivors passing that the these city governments have started this program. Yeah, it is. It's really reflective of the anxiety that many people in here, C.`mon, Nagasaki and throughout Japan feel about fading wartime memories I'm what will happen. Once this generation firsthand witnesses passes away the city governments and the peace museums. Atomic bomb museums in both cities have been collecting and recording testimony for many years. But this then social program is away, they hope to preserve these memories in living form to retain the emotional impact. The comes from searing these stories from another human being. and. So where does this fit in with the the wider of up the bombing of of the war in Japan? For Japan, the Hiroshima Experience became central to wartime memory and park has some scholars have argued because it allows victim narrative to dominate shifting the focus away from the atrocities Japanese soldiers committed abroad in Asia and the Pacific certainly oaks in China and Korea have bristled at the lack of context that some of the retailing's of the aroma and Nagasaki experiences or trey. and. If you look at Japan today, it's of course, wrestling a new with the legacy of the Second World War and its aftermath in particular the constitution that America imposed on Japan after the war, which renounces war bars Japan from maintaining armed forces. In practice, Japan does maintain a powerful military which it calls the Self Defense Forces and its Prime Minister Obey Shinzo years has hoped to change the constitution to revise the constitution in order to make explicit that Japan's military is constitutional and and perhaps to expand the limits of what they're allowed to do. Curiously, the public still supports maintaining the postwar constitution. So in short pacifism is still deep seated in today's Japan. and. What about the the the effort of auction others to to learn the lessons of the second. World War d? How does nuclear non-proliferation look at this stage from where you are. Well. This is another source for concern. Of course, non-proliferation efforts in recent years have been faltering just this January. The Bulletin of Atomic Scientists. It's doomsday clock. It's subjective measure of our proximity to self-annihilation closer to midnight than anytime since its establishment in one, thousand, nine, hundred, eighty, seven, the hawks are are pleased and take solace in the signing of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in two, thousand, seventeen, it invokes there unacceptable suffering in its preamble and a nod to how the memory of interesting Nagasaki continues to shape non-proliferation efforts globally yet at the same time, no country with nuclear weapons has signed up to that treaty neither has Japan in fact, which shelters under America's nuclear umbrella. And, and how does that sit with Hypoxia at this stage at this anniversary being marked. I spoke with US Akihiko the governor of the prefecture, and he expressed the view that I heard from many others both your seem sake, which was a wish that Japan would use its moral authority as the only victim of atomic weapons to push harder for their abolition. The hypocrisy. Have Long gramps and spoken about abolishing the bomb before the last houses away. Just to make the do. You call. You can. That's unlikely. But the hypocrisy hope that their stories at the very least. Deter the world from ever using his weapons again. Thank you very much for your time. Thank you very much for having me. Right, now, small businesses have to be more efficient than ever, and that means every higher is critical. Indeed is here to help indeed, Dot com the number one job site in the world because they get you the best people fast only pay for what you need can pause your account at anytime, and there are no long term contracts right now indeed is offering our listeners a free seventy, five dollars credit to boost the visibility of your job post at indeed dot com slash Intel indeed dot com slash I n. t. e. l. terms conditions apply offer valid through September thirtieth This Sunday. Voters go to the polls in Belarus the incumbent President Alexander Lukashenko has been in power for twenty six years. In that time, he's won four elections each by a huge margin and each amid allegations of vote-rigging. The former director of a Soviet collective farm is often branded as Europe's last dictator. But this time. Mr Lukashenko has an unlikely challenger. Not long ago, presidential candidate Svetlana ticket off sky was working as a teacher. Now, she represents the greatest risk yet to Mr Lukashenko's rule. It's going to be basically the biggest test of Alexander. Lukashenko's twenty, six years in politics bundling von Radio is the economists, road. Europe correspondent, and it's based in Berlin. It could be the beginning of the end of his rule. But at the moment, it's anybody's guess, but it's certainly the most difficult time office quota century of. And what has quarter-century been like, what? What, what he is he is he like as a prelude. When he's often referred to as Europe's last dictator. So he is an authoritarian ruler. He used to be very close to Moscow, but they had a falling out recently, he is basically a figure of another era used to run a state farm in Soviet times. I mean, he's basically an old communist who is now in Pala but hasn't quite adapted to new. Times, you said that this election could spell the end of his power. Why do you think he might be in trouble here? So the current wave of discontent is fueled by several things. Festival is of course, his long. With a veteran rule that has made people unhappy for longtime, but in addition to that Lukashenko has mishandled the covert nineteen pandemic by simply trying to ignore it. He advised people to sit on a tractor, bring Wocka or go to the sojourner to fend off the virus, and that hasn't gone down while the particular at the moment because the rate of infection rising and ironically Lukashenko himself is ill UN contracted the virus. So people are worried. Worried obviously, and they're very unhappy about the way he handled the crisis. The economy is also doing badly in has done badly for a long time. The average salary in Belarus is a much lower than say in the Baltic states or in other countries in the region and people are very unhappy about that into who is it that he's running against Lukashenko is running against said, Lonard, Tikhonov Skyer. Lena weekend will do moving of the small. Hours, who is the wife of a Popular Youtube and SAG eighty ski. Host, been in jail since May charged with plotting mass disturbances. But of course, the reason he was put in chain that he was a serious challenger of Lukashenko's food. So. She is just basically running in his stead. There were two other. But Lukashenko has driven them out of the country. So she is the remaining challenger and she is backed by two other women. One used to be the campaign manager of one of Lukashenko's rivals, and the other one is actually also a wife. So at this rally staff three women on Stage three young women, and they've proven to be very popular even though they have basically no experience in campaigning, but they've done really well, and why is that then why are they popular? Well impact because they are very good at expressing the popular discontent new vegetable. Foods back. To load. And because say come across very genuine mistaken of skies platform is actually a single issue platform. She wants a free and fair election and she's not interested in staying in power in the term. Actually, she basically put the date limit on how long she wants to stay, which is six months, and after that, she wants to go back to her two children and frying couplets at home. I mean, it sounds as if it's already been kind of a strange election season. Yes. It's been a very unusual election campaign and not only because of these three women who now plays such a prominent role. But also because of Moscow's most guys, the big brother always talking in the background. But this time, the relationship with the big brother is full of tension and not long ago. Thirty three. Were arrested under murky circumstances. They claim to be unholiday, but apparently, they did nothing Russians usually do when the unholiday light, which is drinking and visiting amusement establishments, and so bins assumed that they had some darker motives. The Russian foreign minister said, there's no proof that these men were in the service of Moscow and said, they were just simply in transit, but it's I don't think that's generally believed in veterans. Why would there be malign influence from Russia there? Well. Well Russia, and was used to be very close but a change in Russian taxation policy. This year oil policy led to a disagreement between Moscow and men's, and also Russia tried to integrate Belarus's economy more closely with its economy and Lukashenka. Resisted that the tension started with disagreements over the economy and then they escalated to told, do you think that Mr Lubango is genuinely in trouble here? Do you think he faces a genuine chance of defeat on Sunday? I think Mr Lukashenko isn't trouble for two reasons. First of all, he seems to be sicker than he says, he is basic. said he was a symptomatic but I, think he's displaying fairly severe symptoms off the Kobe nineteen pandemic. The other is he would probably raise elections again and he will win them on Sunday I. Think it might even be a landslide victory as it has been in the past. But as in the past, there have been accusations of fraud and track downs, and that's likely to happen. Again, only if he wins as we think he will on the day after or maybe even on the date set by possibly on the day after they'd be mass demonstrations, possibly a general strike and mass unrest, and the outcome of that is uncertain. So I think for the first time in his quarter century and PA. Lukashenko's in real trouble. In. Thanks very much for your time Tyson. During lockdowns and even after they've been lifted socializing is very different this year. From baby showers to church services from quarantine to pub quizzes far from a pub, everyone has become accustomed to zoom. Over the last few months, we've all got used to zoom a technology which we can video conference our friends, or attend work meetings. John Please Dale writes about culture for the Economist. However, what people aren't expecting is to encounter a demonic child in one of these zoom butlers. My hands to be really shaking. The Young Horror Director Rob Savage decided to use the opportunity to do something unique pranking a group of his friends during a conference call. Oh, my God. So the natural progression was to use this as inspiration for feature film, and how did this prank work? He only just moved into a new house and he had heard noises coming from the attic. It became a kind of running joke with his friends. So while he was on a zoom call to his friends, he decided that he would go and explore in the attic. that. Can I take rope? It's definitely. It's definitely. Filming himself, going up towards a status. But there's a certain point. He cuts from the footage from his phone to a pre filmed clip from Spanish horror movie called wreck. On, horrified all his friends. Told me when I spoke to him. funnily, enough other zoom all about the experience I spent a couple of days figuring out how I'd do it and I ended up building like a little contraption so that I could like very sneakily go from live zoom and I put my hand in front of in front of in front of the camera and placed it in this little dicky that I built to be perfectly framed on my laptop screen. So seemless. Mature into it, but it ended up being what it was, which was a bit of a viral thing. To there's a film based on this. What's it about the film is about six friends who get together for a seance during lockdown. So it's very much set in the here, and now as you can imagine, things don't go. As planned. The whole film takes place on. Zoom, and all we see is essentially a desktop. So there's no footage outside of that frame. To. Fat. decided that he would go and he would make the film independently and he would use the people who are on the original prank. A lot of his friends work in the film industry or Knox physically together, but there's no reason why? Can't communicate spoke the Internet. Manager involved people who do video facts who do stunt work and special effects so that they could come together and collaborate on the project. Obviously, because of the lockdown nobody was allowed to actually meet to go to other people's houses or to set things up. So the actors themselves had to do their own makeup that the houses became the sets. Special Effects had to be done by the actors and rob himself. Himself had to direct them remotely. We kind of worked out a backbone for the story and then I knew we were going to riff a lot on top of it. So I was basically sit on these zoom calls hidden and every. So often if something was trailing off I just I, just unmet myself. When I go back to that, again, I'll try this throw out, prompts to them. So a lot of. Of It. I was kind of directing on the car. So does it work as a conceit or does it feel gimmicky to you? Know I absolutely works? I. Think. Hunter is always had a history of pushing the technology we use to communicate. You could see this as far back as Dracula, which is novel couldn't have been written without an idea of an internationally working postal system and telephone system and then you. You move that forward to more recently in the Blair witch project to come cold is cheap video-filming. So I don't think it's all communicate and I'm fat I. Think Rob uses the technology really wittily, very, very funny how he uses things like the the forty minute free time limit for instance of virtual backgrounds that people use, but even more than the technology i. think what is spot on about his film? What? It really had a huge positive reaction has been the fact that really captures that sort of strange intimacy that we get from zoom calls. You know seeing people in that pajamas seeing that where they live when they haven't tidied up and having them talk to each other in a group context, rather than one on one I, mean it has to be said, we are ourselves speaking on Zoom right now does the movie kind of give you the? He be about using zoom look? I'm not a particularly superstitious person, but I have actually been. Noise. Coming from. The upstairs I think from the attic. Could you wait a SEC? I'll just go check. John. Johnny. That's all for this episode of the Intelligence. If you like us give us a rating on Apple podcasts and you can subscribe to the economist at economists. Dot Com slash intelligence offer. See you back here on Monday.