35 Burst results for "Sierra Leone"
"sierra leone" Discussed on Make Sierra Leone Famous
"So we kind of we depart so we serve say yes. No join. We go back and what you found was that off the same sort of split that had occurred back home also occurred back here because you found amongst ourselves as students or people who supported the new status quo. Right, right, you know while some of us wanted to overturn it and I'm confined to the Dustbin, you know, and so it was really quite difficult. And so you had battles in Sierra Leone being fought in little Corners in London and Manchester and Liverpool where they were huge children and you know population job You know when they have this area, you know, I used to laugh when they would say there are ten thousand saarinen's in London when they have the August from there. Housing to page them to the different Beach. You have ten thousand people going to just that alone, you know, nevermind they don't mix politics, you know, and so you had a kind of faith in London and and and so we we fought the battles, you know with them and you know time is our enemy as as you say, but we thought and we tried to stay connected by as I said, he would go home at least I will go home at Christmas just so leave that connected, you know with friends or family and of course, you know, we had gone to his uncles and cousins who lived there off and so we were able to go back to work with the chat with them being able to feel connected to this country and there were always a dream that one day. I'm going to come back and surely if there's a kind of contract. You know just a whole bunch of people coming back. They will be this change, you know, and but it has not happened. It has not happened. Well. I'm going to stop there for today. Well 9. So for today on addition of make Sierra Leone famous with me your host Vicky Romo. Don't forget to subscribe to this podcast wherever you listen Tata..
"sierra leone" Discussed on Make Sierra Leone Famous
"But as part of a punishment he was given was to clean the teachers common room. And when he was there, he saw the end of term exam papers and he stole one of each and he went he went into a port town and he got them xeroxed. Wow to come and share mobile and I can tell you nobody spoke to him for the rest of the term. Nobody would even doubt the reason the reason I know this is because not only was my classmate but I was the only one who brought the taboo and did speak to him for the rest of the aesthetic or they would not speak to him. He was a pariah why because he had strong exam papers are CKC. This is no one you're going to make me cry because this is like It is so it's so insane where you fast-forward 30 years later. I don't have students protesting because often they they can't cheat on a because that is where we are now in Sierra Leone like it's just like I don't even have I don't have money. You know, we're going to have to do a part two of this conversation because this is fundamentally what is wrong with serum, you know, it is the absence of values Laurel courtside seats more, you know, like good home screaming, you know, because when those boys rejected those exam papers Choice wasn't because the middle so, I don't know if it was because of who they were as individuals and understanding why they were their birth. Is the purpose of an education and having integrity? That's even if nobody there for know me as an individual choice because because now in Sierra Leone the people who become a pariah are not the people who are corrupt and other people who steal and not the people who break the law and have no values the people who become a pariah the people who speak truth to power the people who have integrity the people who try to do the right thing. So imagine not what's happened. Is that like in your lifetime your country has gone from a place where young boys in boarding school have enough Integrity to stand for what's right off even just stand for what's right, but then to like say you are not one of us gets you because you do not represent the values that we have to where we are, New Jersey. Where we give Standing Ovation and we applaud and 8 and call those who steal from the states to enrich themselves and their family the honorables. Yes on.
"sierra leone" Discussed on Make Sierra Leone Famous
"There was something that was promised that was just social contract and off since their notes and died one could argue that that position social contract on the part of the government has gone from like 100 two- and we still haven't really gotten to a place where you can see. Okay. I see the only schedule me towards National Unity or peace and progress or or Justice even none of the values. I don't really like YouTube. Like justice not alone. You need to know this Freedom loaded. Let's move on back to your in the UK. Sierra Leone becomes a one-party States. You are a young adults off. When did you start kind of feeling that? Ah, what kinda is no more? What was what would you say would be the defining moments where you realize that like, I romanticized or that real cuz at some point it was real right idea of Sierra Leone has shifted in your mind. Yes, I mean, I think generally for me it was when we became a one-party State funding enough because we'd seen it happening as I said four or five maybe six other African countries and it had not been for any Noble reasons. And so the fact that we were not a one-party state was something that we felt quite proud of em, and we could almost most about and yet now here we so that moment when your heart sinks and you said something is lost that we will never get back and the fact that it endured for so long and all the uh, sort of inequalities that became then embedded in in, you know, I will no longer Rose to the top because of talent but because of pain that became sort of the modus operandi of of of the states and then by extension wage, Or businesses, you know because business is knew that if they drive they would get government contracts et cetera et cetera and and it became so open and it just became in quotes what people refer to assist them. You know, like you just you can part of this amorphous thing called the system which was sort of all-encompassing break and and it it seeped its way into education into the schools where you know pupils would expect to get exam papers from teacher. Yeah. Yeah. Yeah. I mean growing up when I went to I went to Christ the King College in pool one of my former classmates, I won't name him because he's passed away and he may not around to defend himself..
"sierra leone" Discussed on Make Sierra Leone Famous
"And now my father was a kind of he'd grown up Muslim name like the Army but he was although he could review the Quran. He was not practicing, you know, sometimes you have a conversation with a parent and it stays with you. I mean, I had never seen my father upset almost to the point of Tears until one day he came home and it was because he'd had an argument with other cabinet members because when they were in opposition on, guy had taken over from Milton and as we said, you know the kind of politics and the move and told of politics change there were always arresting people on on any nonsensical pretext they'd have to bail them out they have to go and then the case would be thrown out but it was depleting their funds and that was the Of course, so she had the bright idea say no. Now that we have power. And my father was a lawyer and he found this anathema. He said well, I don't know. This is what we campaigned against. I mean, can you believe that in the 1967 campaign? One of the songs that we were all singing was one party. We know one, you know, and because I had already made it claimed that I wanna get off and he would be system. Yeah, and he's so big he gave us legitimacy, right? Because it was a key concept. He said oh, so we stopped off and people can actually find the documents at the National Archives into in England. You can actually find documents that were filed to introduce it which which them to fail because they did not a large enough majority, you know before that election, but you know, so you you had this sense, you know, it's sort of going into the sort of seventies that birth Things were about to change as I said, you know, my father came home very upset that it had this argument over although just arrested and locked out for and we you know how long they haven't done anything, you know saying when I put him into you know, so he was very vindictive, you know that he wanted to really kind of, you know, get back at them in any way he could and so that was kind of seventies and so my father died in 1972 September 1972 and and I've said this, you know much as I loved him..
"sierra leone" Discussed on Make Sierra Leone Famous
"How red Freetown was every possible Avenue outside of Freetown people who have not over Lori's to block so that they would not take a Cat Stevens and the APC these new cabinet somewhere and kill them and get out of free time. The Soldiers Home stage the coup for themselves now trapped in Freedom. They could not get out of wow, even if they oh my God, that's crazy. And what was remarkable about it was completely spontaneous cuz think about it. This is the day before mobile phone. So who told me going to do this, he just happened, you know, and people went around telling people, you know, duties do that big burnt cars and use them as well. Okay, you know And of course you can actually those people were were themselves, you know overthrown and eventually, you know soldiers sent for Andrew Jackson Choy Smith II was actually on on a training course in England to come and Lead. Well, I think it was the Armed Forces or more physical job, but there was like that transition like kind of transition. Yeah. Yeah, and you know, dr. Smith came in with his own idea and so on but but really the coup. It had an and I've always said this when I was spoken to people. I've said that the person who it impacted the most was probably Chaka Stevens because he swore that we would never let that happen to him again, you know as yours as speaking with regards to like how the redness of the city right. I was just thinking I'm like, so this is how it happened because as his people come out to continuously defend you right and put themselves on the line against the Army for you when you come to power off or you can do whatever the hell you want. You can do anything you can do anything and then it's like you start to understand the excesses and the dead overly everything nest of you know, Siri another shock of Stevens, right? Cuz that's how you start. It's like Yeah, no, it's absolutely power up to the power. And and you know, what was interesting is that this is the thing that my father used to tell us and I can say this and Thursday available when which is remarkable when you consider that when he was a lawyer he had one of the most successful legal practices in the country and when he became a government Minister, I didn't steal. So what was remarkable was that he wanted to teach us certain lessons. And so even at the age of twelve we actually went out on the Electoral campaign within you know within the past several think and and our parents would always Include us in conversations with used to shock other adults when they would come, you know, and they wanted to talk politics and my dad used to make my mother they used to make us feel proud. They would say to these people when I know where to begin to that the intelligence and we talked to the you said he's like, oh Sela, you know, and so that made us proud because we were informed from the youngest age that I am a member..
"sierra leone" Discussed on Make Sierra Leone Famous
"And so he stood in Newton which is a fishing Village and and actually defeated the minister who was assisting m p r g o King and and so the reason I will never forget the call is because like everybody else. I mean, I'm sure you know that Slpp has never won free time. Yeah, and so free time was always a PC and and so on the day we all went out with who Donald get red. Daddy. The manage Fender is somehow when I say paint the town red. This was like metaphorically and and figuratively and actually everywhere. All you could see was a sea of red two people wearing red. And so we went to the State House on the day assuming that Chaka Stevens and his Minister and his new cabinet would be sworn in by Sir Henry Lightfoot Boston the governor general As the new uh new government because it would also have been the first time in sub-Saharan Africa that an opposition party had unseated a ninja government has never happened anywhere in in the kind of post-colonial era at that time. And so it was another first for Sierra Leone and you know, that's how it was reported around them. Well, we got there, you know the suite from state house right down to cottontree they talk not done yet. But make we take small music break with the musical sounds of Sierra Leone. Thursday and Thursday and we watch it off. Off off off off off. off off that's was Kabab Brothers with dewald or less now. We on the brothers camera and M foji released over six albums before they each went solo America by had a successful record career before passing away in two thousand and three and now make me go back to make sure I am famous Avenue. Actually, they change the name later and we found out there and of course my my those are our next door neighbor four or five dollars a way across does Bailey. He was my very good friend and we were the same age..
"sierra leone" Discussed on Make Sierra Leone Famous
"You do because you realize they okay I get something they want for me became may not get that that is education knowledge, but let me be able to be cable gets information when you realize say, you know able to that. You know, she don't say midnight you say okay. I'm not sorry, but people then they will be waiting me go able to do for mix and people they are so for building relationship with the letting-go table for coming home. Cindy Salon in we may not get not one of the things we also speak to your character. So you're not really really good, you know, really good memory, you know exemplary in my mind because you're not taking me because I know gets larger zero so you say I'm not gets box Mega see how I go able to do. So, I really think say you need for you. You're not take you know a m m p s c exam, but you said this call came back because of the kind investment where you make falafel and I mean after which one for us cuniff or waiting with some of the dangers of them with similar way, they humble Galaxy within our bond. P. We know they didn't chance for living wage. They really better in a society of a little be an intimate a while for bewitching that if the dangers then bonded people get the kids. What if you gotta go off? Five. I just got yourself off. And in order agreement promotes near at all, because the box in the way, they're not gonna be nine Lake weather Monday King Kong. From Monday night in business money making, then go, with speaking and gamble a moment. There's no set up bikini. Don't get better know what kind of game long as the now that's make another alarm at all. And back is if they get older delay 9:40. No matter too it's a bad day. Then go go bad no matter what. Do you need mama? Do that picking the I like you talk to her or can we enable believe we see the talk with him. A little too long. It will make sense, Not the community and will not be even other side or make, you know, get access to a gig tell me last question I asked. Would see that it seems to be kind seen that we sell a minute every day. We you see stay there until we tell and I mean, I understand say and you care for them and you want the birth. You're not able to call the lady apology. I hear something up off off. It connects also Ami Woman to Woman college and how important for gal picking. You don't see say it took example, fine self say although minalin and domick you today so Fidelity today, but if you learn you go pull minimum wage and that these guys so far all day so far you picking their nose of a game suffering go and find me at all days have to read a thousand women. They go through a Nolan book they talk to you know, get sober whatever little thing that we get. We are not once it again here is to make an emphatic in order to allow for me get other parties mistreats into the make phone and they play play any secrets were dead. He gets if you cancel alarm and make a maleficum in all believe other customers believe anything until I mean, I mean, I believe in between and that's not so into for me. I'm close to and believe in. Okay, thank you so much. If you just did join the program being applicable save the children gal ambassadress Masala today this conversation with indecent to home. They come to you from Radio 1 J 101.1 Tampa General District the southern province of Syria today. We did talk to the parents them off from Banda Pina and John the streets..
Two Youngstown State University students from Sierra Leone killed in car crash
"Youngstown State University are dead after their car wrecked on I 76 in Portage County last night. The Ohio State Highway Patrol says the driver Muktar Kamara, and one of his passengers were killed. The two other passengers were not seriously injured, all of them from Sierra Leone Grove City Man is
Interview with Winstina Hughes, Planner for the Maryland Dept of Transportation
"Welcome to Hallway Chat I'm Liam Dempsey. And I'm Tara Claes today we're joined by Weinstein Hughes when Stena is an assistant regional planner for the Maryland Department of transportation she created her first wordpress blog for a geographic information systems assignment and followed it soon after with one on community development and suburban planning. She has presented at Work Camp New York City work camp. US and Work Camp Austin. A wordpress meet up co organizer Weinstein a lead were camp new. York two, thousand eighteen. Welcome when Stena? We're so glad here. Thanks for having me. Tara. Thanks for having me. Lamb. I'm excited to join you wearing. So excited to defensive time with you. Can you tell us a little bit more about yourself? Okay. I can tell you. I'm a bit more about myself i. Grew up in northern Jersey in south orange. Maplewood. My family immigrated. From Sierra Leone West Africa And somehow they brought me back to Maryland. Settled initially I'm so I am living and working in, Baltimore? Fantastic there's there's a lot there about that. We could delve into but let me let me just talk a little bit about growing up there since he started with whole were you when you when you move from Sarah alone do you remember your your country of or you're young enough to not have any memory? I have. I have memories of playing in our backyard. Like the lush greenery of it. The red. The red dirt. Just. just kind of outside where we lived I remember just how bad it was. And I remember listening on to my dad calling. To see how I was just a memory of knowing that my parents weren't with me. And just really happy to hear his voice. And? When we moved here. This is. Really. where I grew out. Those are those those memories are of. I'm like a child and when we moved here, that's when things really start forming. That's when I'm you know I started thinking about just you know school like a as a kid. I. Think. We. You know when you're as young as four or five things are just kind of like impressions I'm but then we hit an age where we start understanding what's around us Andy Start. Having. A sense of the places where we're going and the people that were spending time with and when we immigrated here on that was the time where things really started in. No. Forming for me as a child and and. Being aware of the spaces I was in and you know. I grew up here in every part of who I am is really. The experience of being raised here in the states and Being raised in south. Orange Maplewood. have. You been back to Sierra Leone. I haven't been back. I'm one of those children but. That hasn't traveled back. Since I? I can't name. Do you have family there still though I do I do have aunts and uncles and I have cousins. That are from back home. And I have some cousins that have traveled here and they've gone back I'm. But I've I've lived here since since we came in, it's been continuous experience. Yeah. Thank you for sharing that your your story of coming to this country and growing up here. Tell us a little bit. Your experience Sir I think you talked about before we started recording about. Going to school to Grad, school and Can you tell us a little bit about your education background and your wordpress wordpress fits into that picture? Yes So you know you mentioned that I'm an assistant. Planner and I went to college for city planning. And I went to Grad school as well for for city planning sitting regional planning. And you know it's it's really a way of looking at the world. A WAY OF LOOKING And Identifying Spaces right areas that you can contribute to improve, and that's what I really love about. About what I studied and I really enjoy the work that I do currently. I, work for DOD and. Works specifically. With state highway and we see the tangible results of the projects that we work on. You know like when we go to meetings I'm and you know the individuals that we speak with. It's There's a real mess to it as opposed to. If I were in an office. kind of like. We spend a fair amount of time in the office, but it's not like a policy document I'm writing. You know it's like I can go and see where I work is I can listen. To understand what the needs are of of those who live in the communities. that. We that we go to and that's really what's always been exciting for me as a planner I did some community organizing work as well and? Not only that. I worked at a nonprofit in DC as an intern, and I had a chance to look at a Housing Trust Fund I had the chance to look at how they went about organizing around housing issues and an even organizing around immigration issues and and it's it's so exciting to work in a field that that hutchison all those different areas and it's died it's that fluid ness of of of the field working an infrastructure or working with community issues or working on. Economic Development. That led me to. Writing about. you know what I learned in school and then writing about it is really you know what really got me more involved within the word s community I that jess log but I'm that I wrote in college, and then when I graduated I started writing a blog on development. For Me Boyd and just in the process of all the positive experiences move me from just you know blogging on wordpress dot com to building my own sites. And then there's there's so much evolved from that as well. From writing to becoming a a meet up organizer in a work, Camp Speaker, and. You know just just all those those opportunities came from. From just you know blogging sharing my thoughts about. An area that I'm so passionate about that I'm so fortunate to work in.
"sierra leone" Discussed on Make Sierra Leone Famous
"Though. Before we talk about my bill, I'll eat some. Caveat named Commerce side caveat people, Families I. Didn't coma. This. Really. Mandingo. Kabbah. Kabbah. Do, do all conradi concentrated. Do. You how? Might. Have A. See Habit. Yet. We have welcome rain might have add up in a Meeting. Soon any. Good for Manhattan, at night MCI Madame by. One Guy. From Hong Kong. Now do much. Campaigning Gimme, GimMe Gimme. Early, for scum. Then, God. They WANNA anybody gun for. Not only. Name. I'm Kinda. Interesting. And so the fossil and we camotes now. Konkan. Guinea in talks. So we will not count on meet people yesterday talk to me and so begins to. Greg Gumbiner and joke you. It meets their. Name the MIC I mean get chief anymore doing chief nine. Now somebody caveat it. Pushes you shouldn't have. Come. She. Mutually. Gabriel. Doing Okay how am I really become the center of? The community. So who? Sent. Of. Petitions Center. there. Now Book and the right for free. Then, called in Ns as you put local. Local de. La Guardia Newark are from. Fabulous and then at gunpoint local. Candy. Because you don't Chew Mooch. Nancy put local. Local. Puts lock on in the first part of the imports. Now, for say, this is a port of transportation posts. Okay. Okay from. The. Newark. got. Billy Dan. RUTZ FOR FREE TIME So I make my living going. Center. Ninety Andy and I did not now. DC. Two GOTCHA. I I'm really. Okay. But I didn't happen or. Go Back Conran they're going to be the deceit. Local INDIKA. because. These it's Sir. That did. Well then TV then demanded. To their for new. Wife. Because keep keeping. So nine. then. had. Moved about 'em really. I see. So backspin the default. Because, we need this seats headquarters. Okay. Okay. But when the life mid. The MIC. Canoe. Boondi. Will Do. For who now feature. Come about. The dude move. Okay. So now dating might beneficiary name Komo. offsite cited Camacho they won't buffet you've been getting face. Let them he was. Much. Much. PUTTING GOVERNMENT That'd be doing she not. Saving needed I mean. That'd be the Best K. Okay. Okay. That makes sense. Tell me both and. By Suba on bolts the first one. With remember. Were Butch. As gender. Famous. Money. Then I've never let me man. Me a wonderful. Ninety. Kids for mountain. Case. Yes. Anything good and groundswell world's. Energy trump or she don't talk more don't. Lock Love Ninety. In. Best Wagon Andy. Andy. Andy were because of. Jokes gene. Nobody it would nagging tonight. Is Interesting, then after by Sudan Bolts snotty by Suba the second. up to know now under house met after the. Peggy. Throughout big. Okay. So the chiefs sensing move different family. Okay. Okay. Okay okay. Okay now tell me but D-. Language where people talk now Mike Billy. What's ide- language camotes. Let. S. So Gamaa. Go Loco. Then, come. So as I say Come, Komo come back. So it was shown age rating foster. Me Let me meet you. Out Nigerian drug. NAMIC. Jimmy local. Good, assume. Liba then Jim. Talking about on donates but make retakes small music break with the musical sounds of Sierra Leone..
"sierra leone" Discussed on Make Sierra Leone Famous
"Will be the biggest supposedly. Everyday do steals. Well. It was coming in. Science yes. No you know nine times. Yeah makes sense there's another one on the. S. Eighteen twenty nine wow. Because now. NO NO WAY They need rest the mortal remains, of Rev. Ran. William Rowland Peck Wesleyan, missionary this now it's and Wesleyan native of England who died in joyful hope of eternal life affectionately beloved and deeply regretted by distant parents and friends. ooh July third eighteen, twenty, nine, aged twenty, three years. Old. Monday we didn't to be able to because I mean we're all to regain his seat and for say where the at least the main comfort on behalf of for them because as we talked to this offer we but. Without all the modernisation that will get come all all-spanish guy safe you kindly seizing back. Please like it's a lot. Like malaria and then then me all waving by easy for people in kitchen disease on the to some say you don't catch on. You Pass on. These. Gentlemen die. You. Just seven years. Of Thirty didn't yeah. Yeah. Yeah Yeah. Interesting. That in. The. Church. The only church we get anybody pundit abusing. Maybe. On, a regular on a regular Sunday I'm guessing not all two hundred people show up how many people do it ranges I'm guessing for holidays, etc etc.. On a regular Sunday when you're and church harmony person as you have. Them. Okay. That's good. That's good. Oh be. Fairly Consistent shooting as well. Okay. So people send their children to church even if they can't come to church because they want them to have the word, it makes sense. It makes sense. Also Sierra Leone is a very young country sixty five percent of our population is under the age of thirty five. So it makes sense when you come to church, it's mostly young people because now we both cool. Well thank you so much for talking to us. It's been quite an educate. Well, nine dollars. So footsie today on addition of make Sierra Leone famous. We've me your host Viki Remo. Don't forget to subscribe to this podcast wherever you listen Totta..
"sierra leone" Discussed on Make Sierra Leone Famous
"It's like you didn't let. The structured sightsee for go begin like civilization all about eve. So that makes sense. Yeah. Melissa. Kills too busy. Missile walk-ins. So, you'll see the structure as it sees. Really. If you touch the wall with actually actually strong. Case today okay. Okay. Okay. Okay. Which means it's really solid then bill for last. Last name make to a large extent these men chuckling. Because over the years also want extension. We just Illinois quite attached to this right because this is the monuments. If you just take a look. At. You see until we see. Somebody. Dominantly dominant. From development with union come. Okay. Account Care Care Care. That's fantastic. Pews there as well. Some of these overtime but. The original. But then Piedad Eurasian one day we'd be mixed us to go along yeah you need to be able Move, you don't mind me. That's Independent. Take from the sheep. If you look at a coup peters. You know. said. Would we come up with? Okay let's walk over. Each. He's still in day. We actually killed skills. Okay now, as a monumental importance for as much as possible for retain the originally monumental when I'm denies all see now like somebody goes down on this this this process. So we'RE GONNA go butts in terms of like history we'd its. And of his stuck show in an architectural design, all building importance for he's out of the he see because that's how the story. Exactly. Information, however, windows us down. Of, course came in, with Abby. it was all wooden. Okay. Okay. Okay. Over. Of because we've got a little things. Do we in small modernisations in quite a while of course, of course, of course. Small modernisation from within the regional regional structure be. It's a large extent most of. Having to keep you to. Talk about donates but make takes mom music break with the musical sounds of Sierra Leone..
"sierra leone" Discussed on Make Sierra Leone Famous
"Define the me and we. Sang because. Now all. Go good if Mean City mini. Co Conoco! Cool, clear and so so. Limbaugh Fulla madding. Goulash ship Gianluca Kim in. We all know saloon, define. ME, any patty sign. We on a for define. The Me Patty sank. Don't count for Meets Daphne, Pratt's we actually in. College for Lambert's the Krio language and witty me. As a language so important, secure cultural identity and the clear community of Freetown who share the foreseen way for nobody but. De. Language is within the components that we make clear language, because most of we believe. See Kuna Lake just impeaching version of English. How you describe Witty Mick language the income outside the expression commodes primarily with ninety different team. There are parts that we go inside language. You. Know took Pidgin English. No to walk and. Now so it'd been begin within being there i. AM slave there we don't we come. But we didn't care. The people are in the midst that alone midday talk language. So we pick what from their other language would. Happen you talk and some Portuguese were. because. As I could be done. You can't get in that same. The current. And Sunday French word Dinna feel like a book coup. All kinds of the. Language Change over these twenty eight year romantic download your Dombi Sam and Sante out because Tim out in corona initial! And he seemed ward. No, mindy seventeen at English. Number one apart for the words. Audi language meek. Out. It took a winch mandate. Not like English June. We did talk Malek Their African language That's Mickey Different. Because if you're not in book, it begins. Who took you any schmolly again for? Understand little sweetie. Okay, let's do now well funny example. What somebody doing meets meets. You. For them puts new oversee. English. So this queue monster. They ask us if you ever England. One hundred. Ninety eight and transparency. is nothing here. and which must know, he's began for one. Is Has Never Been Ucla different. Which? I have not been yet not even for one. Never Been Yet So you see few different. Security. Not For language for insects and honored in is that. languaging. In was this seemingly this? Metaphor, get an. Enigma. We get. We get we on different. Okay, give me an example of maybe you've you've. Metaphor. Week. Okay fine. Why do you think the? Metaphor I'm for understand witting which you know you inspiration we make I mean. Will you go school England? College of course, not clear you. Right, but with him acute on now decide that for his language for you Whitney, inspire, you make you a bull of make you one for lights book to preserve and teach with me the importance to you. We'll be forced you on talk very funny, too. Because when England now nosy Minneapolis. and. Three because we are, we're not at that. We did not seen Matt settled. If you say Yo la CD describe. The other person black how it's! You. Know severe. Going here more Islami, Latin? We didn't get not there. Our Warwick see disputed passes the fast invented. That's. Who Now Leslie be number? So for that ended our for businesses, I want unity or identity and member Sakamoto an approach. That are be. So when I come back up, you called language Abigail. For, Anger Get now you and Talks Acute English. Do what is the English? We get reunion and you make me feel safe. And job gets no betsy. and. For should get onto. Koto, get you. Like, this. One, we. Ask the POSSE's. We're personality, which bench not booming. This and only. Settlements. Where all ninety put flooded. Possibly you'd. See! And isn't. Get. So will die. All, team. So. We didn't out for less our talk out into. A new. That's the assistant in now within the first one now, because Dan. Wants, black Monday, room or that person the need to. We possibly get your identity we get to. Not that. That's me. The deep culture and language any particular. Language because. Now foxy and those passenger. What's passengers maybe that ninety percent of sudden only joke? If minimum our doctor philosophy in. took US nuclear home. If we only talk the. Civil, now we go before five before passing through DC. Immunity Meena Meena. Go together a Salamander Oklahoma with modern as We go to. Our if we meet. She ship ship she been. Okay so. Wanting way. Very curious sports. Is that so mommy? Say Wait a minute. GO UP NOW SALOON! Them like me, Mama implants and then. The Mimi gun parts they can only speak two languages at home. Either you talked seemingly, or you talk English because they'd see in the not talk, Tim now owns. Land for come and now I will tell you. Lie says that Baku people ns alone, no matter what and then be the QC. Embrace Commu as de let men mode of communication, no matter which ethnic group with what do you think say, f-f-for or Kaczynski? beauts to displayed in Lake Guth of creole as this kind of national language. No no you me. Not Actually be Yagi. To for.
"sierra leone" Discussed on Make Sierra Leone Famous
"You have to Cordani forest. Forest on dot com to pollute of course of course when you are cooking. Even when we do you know like we have this cleaning. Every Saturday one of the terrible things that when people finish cleaning the Gaza, there Dorothy Bernard, which then causes more pollution, and you emit more carbon, and it's not. It's not good for. Even these particular projects here the red cobbling project. It's happening in Indonesia okay. I mean we'll already today the doing in Indonesia. Only which give to the particular. Product Indonesia. The Indonesian government has made it as. You would pay something like ecosystem. Right and your initial on that one is what happened in San. Okay you those that are using us be ecosystem salvage. Because the ups we should. We should, because then that those funds can go back in to. Use Right, to increase the capacity to make it easier for the people who do the work so I think that that's really I mean it's really important. Make Sierra Leone famous. The podcast is mixed and mastered by producer. Frank Vin Bob McEwen with support from the creative and talented seem over at the C. Marketing Company in Freetown and now Mick. We go back to make Sarah. Leone famous. This is seventy one thousand on. Seventy Okay forest. Okay, they want into. Green, okay, we'll, assault. La Goulash out is social. WILL ASSAULT IS? Okay which is what province? This one is in your own district this. Is In McNealy Chiefdom, okay, okay, we have the goal of central. Okay, we on this is lally. Okay, so we're Angola essential okay? So, up here, school on up, okay? Before its time, it was called expansion. Okay, yeah, because all the central was. Not Now he our exclusive central. Come along this access from here. From here. He is the boundary between the north okay. Okay, under central. Okay, so not start from this axis extending this. Okay? Yes, so this is! Not On, it's in the molly much okay Mama. Centra comprises of. Fought domes in Kenema district. So this is central. On by going. You Access Medina The coordinator usually. You can found monkeys via. Confound. On not peace but to us about this particular area. Its stomach elephants zoo, according area, and they pass another wildlife. Okay, this is the area you find your off all okay along the Amal Just this model revolt you. Swollen Liberia right. This is. On, you have on stream. Reverse within the IBM car. Talk about more by. The Vermont boy. All these rivers. In Here then we have another central here in central unless social which we call billable, okay and trust. Essential. Dishes found. Like One Thousand Five hundred mutants to the boundary line. Okay okay okay. Okay Funding Community Uses essentially wearing eastern. On. Rebuff US call you revolve. It's all you all revised in these particular forest in golf. Okay okay. Rebuff. You found out when. It's it's Ron Stone tool school central. Okay, all the yeah, they'll have delusions. REBA LOUIS ALL. These reverse is been named in. We have the call you revoke. Koi! Koi everybody. Financing Central. Bridge from crossed. Okay. Okay okay. Okay okay. This is how we live. Stream. On, you consider key or demaim sure. We lent their. Views activity to week plus to building community. Berman Kishan Lisa discovered Specie petits the phone hula new to science all right? Bye. To. Newly discovered. Species? It's a news. If. They're looking for names. I can suggest econolodge. Science okay okay. Right that's amazing. Sometimes you think you know we. We forget that we don't know everything as human right like there's always new things we have a new at about the world. Thank you so much. Well nine dollars so footsie on addition of make Sierra. Leone, famous. We've me your host Viki Remo. Don't forget to subscribe to this podcast wherever you listen Totta..
"sierra leone" Discussed on Make Sierra Leone Famous
"Welcome back to make Sierra Leone the moss conversations that explore history, culture and identity with me. Your host Vikki Remo. You can find previous episodes of our show on www dot, Viki remo dot com. That's www dot V. is c. k, I e R. E. M. E. DOT COM. And now mic the show beginning, yeah. Let You Choose. Know. Please, nobody's voiced. ownyouradhd Rossa Moody I sipped, so it's they're going to come back to. So bats would have on win. Whatever the? Tools, they Liberia parts. By deforest. Also, on the down the week, shall I make? We! See the increase in. Pasarell want up, let's. tablets this. Tablet one to please signify signified account. Where going to the ancients, grape sight of the Gola Asian groups site. On In front of you. This.
"sierra leone" Discussed on Make Sierra Leone Famous
"That was the sound of K. man with J. C. From Columba. With over two decades as an artist, Mohammad came on Sakho is a saloon pop music legend, his debut album. What you back had eight singles, all of them mega hits and now mick go back to make Sierra Leone famous. Lodged as it caught. Woman Berlanti Dislike this. If he one. Billion one million. Nine hundred bread dandy size one. We want ninety. Five on. Very. into. Was Not not come on liquid the along. Apple. Is On. Anything not forty goodness about that. You Want Jarvis you. Did you want the money you? Today good living from idms. Money Five, hundred, twenty twenty. They've often. Soon. Able. Commute. Sound. Found soon, let's see. It's like Doraemon facile. Took Merit. You. Them find them find spokeswoman. Would it make this all find? Janda voice this. More did. You know. One on one. Now, you wonder. If he. Got Beat. Judgment. This. Is Not Funny. Now. You don't go. Want big. Small. Very interesting. Discussions on it and make. It in okay, then them mechanically did make fine fine stick. Not. Just getting shaped nutty some law. Up on waste. Musician. The peach for the noise because me, finals have been out if any get notices. Next, level, Piano, you undertake PM. You get. Youthful Sabi Musique able make piano. GET FOR Frank said he notes. Denotes, the music are sweet Schwab make. This is fantastic. Offend Money Bela. Close. But these again me bikini own full. No smoke. SEEM SOUND! Looks. Okay. Want to four five, six, seven, eight, nine ten eleven twelve fifteen. Seventeen wanted. except. By twenty and his case, so this three more keys, okay, and then on the on. On that. Stand on the sun for me Kwon on the Stanford. Sick and then so. I guess you own like Goop you need. Balaji needed almost lucky philosophy while formula. Anybody who almost single you need, Valentini, download me when the one to. Two. Then by time. To. Get okay. I did not find. It on. Don't get wasted on. If you're not. Concerts he did. Too? Okay to have a full group like a full thinking about group. You need a minimum of two Jeez and then two sets of drummers, so we have three drummers and.
"sierra leone" Discussed on Make Sierra Leone Famous
"sierra leone" Discussed on Make Sierra Leone Famous
"Call. Because so we'll know can't join. To. Say You. To attain oil together I know, go mix. So nine, they send to presentative wine, Young Fellow Dr. Komo Glenn case of Seven Body. They better pandemic talk loud. Please spoke and want 'em. Gem Rules will not be Jornalismo very very. Journalists, now the spokesman did they send them? Go England for. Maybe we'll talk to the colonial government for signal. We want independence's, but only for. A constitution wriggle make we end the call. Owning gets some sort of autonomy. Then one day in. The. Turnham some ten like ten in fact tournament do not Nigeria. Nigeria independent teeth states into one was like a federal like if I dilution. Assumed that the people them. By lucon campus is I don't want a few names. Then Seth Media Push for both unfortunately. They to mandate. Nine Canine so by ten people go. For make. Dan Case now court to Privy Council. The works mundane then the range which the other. Representatives on this. Guy For. Get rid independence one call. Now for member, letting this opportunity for. The name. Now the settlers western area. Names. Not After. Sometime in. Eighteen in fact. Closely for all this independence when the passed the Protective Clay Shaw name it be one Kentucky and that tended people know the provinces then lightly begin then called them saloon years so. Some people say this career, you could do own the phone wells. Tell now. We Ninety Silo. Nesta lent to lent. Length, relent the. New! Talk donates but make we take small music. Break with the musical sounds of Sierra, Leone..
"sierra leone" Discussed on Make Sierra Leone Famous
"Now bad mind normal make people could see the Kyodo City and better. Not Ever in coach a winnow ever. See with better or that today. Wait. For Buffet of Maino, see within this hour. Then can show any what you will call. Discrimination now if you Sabi. Or you know. Of because the them, I mean the settlers. Importance. For Today I am talking to Mrs Cassandra Garber, who was born in Nineteen, twenty seven before most of our parents, their parents even thought of having. And I'm here to find out a little bit more about. A Freetown, their history, their culture, and where she thinks the. Krio, dumb or Krio Kingdom Creo. CREO dumb both locally and globally have to look forward to in the next. Fifty Years in the next hundred years. Thank you so much for coming on the show. What WHO's not coup? Yes, we will go talk. Yes dalliances, class descendants union parts of owner. I guess establish decree of Lake with initially established as the colony for free. Slot. Determine when. The people begin rely sucrose now we could. This homeland, but after some time of Kohl's when. People don't have come from the protect tomato. Up Line. And gradually. They encourage them. The people formed England medical. And served. Don't find out. Say the improvement to don't dare me. Entice the. Glad Defoe Cam Science and don't the shoe see. This -CCOMPLISH corner ninety the people them than the elders, and then at that time. Because Of this time Mindy, late forties early fifties. Then get together Salaheddin count to the in protest to the. Colonial government because right from the start. The arrangement was name. BC Wendy settlers than come one. NOVA SCOTIA MOUSE and Kanye. Then go free. Bought the. Coal? Or the bad philly, would. Get Sick. Black MANDL's still member safe for Kip we as slaves. Then No. Let's go and make the recall free. Well, the set of people were. Left a make a wiggle dialects and Then lucky because when Dan good did the established the. American government. Leaders, and learn no main stay. And so then gets down block the with Wendy which they loved into the subsoil. Start from scratch for be free Begona de Fredo. Make their life America. So neither freedom. We ancestors want within Kaya. But then. The. Governing goop with. The British government's me. For. For a! Lady sets last set to down then don't sin RC. Easy for them. For Them. LEX sleep out them, and all useful gets leave stood Dan. Refuse for lead to go so after some time of course. Quieted few people don't. The Standard in. About the beginning for for signal to sue for being too soon for. Many people know now. That's make boss of course. That part of Of the area would be freed slaves stemming go with. Them, And when the British government than the Koruna Government allies. So in the one that we don't the mainland. The, don't open for fate them. Begin for sort of. Exiled them will bonds. Also wants this man yeah so. They they they know able for comfortable. For. Opinion other people they don't want those. Minus in freedom. This so nine and set the form these settlers union so that they can get a loud voice for said no, this is what we want any for member say. This after World War Two. Now World War Two the plenty. cooed me. Young people may go overseas you remember say for. Folk young men in Volunteer Force for Women Guna the Air Force as volunteers or there's follow. And then people begin go. Overseas, so when don't be and? Then don't see the to food or mean. Say You get your rights? For you to. Comeback now, then I don't open their income. Begin all gather signal reform this union, the settlers junior. In that union deal when it reached to tem for. When the colonial governments don't begin this. I'd and talk about independence. I tend to the independence. brees media blow. Africa. Ghana, Nigeria the whole been a warm up their aim. All they want, they don't call. A. Name. Say All Right The. Coup leaders them realize for can't get the letter of talk with one voice informed the settlers union, and you will see then get them. And and publish all Whitney want and when then the talk with the politics with the. Government, said No. To know for we no want. To Go and start and you're. Then CEO to. Little. Disturbed last union people there. Then right from that Andy. Handed known the Pinch. We. Different for the pulled applying. The people are planned. Status. Then protected. We now.
Learning How to Forgive
"I don't subscribe to the idea people a- bad and I I don't subscribe to that because I believe that these inherent good in everyone. I think that crime It's all to be honest with you. Very relative What might be criminal in. Some communities are excused in other communities. Delia Muna was born in London and raised in Nigeria. Her mother is Nigerian and her father is from Sierra Leone. She went to college and Law School in the United States and then she became a public defender in Washington. Dc main motivation for me is that throughout my time as a public defender. I and as a Christian I operate from the presume that if Jesus swear on earth today he'd be a public defender. He was always defending people who were accused of various Nefarious activities Tax Collectors and you know Prostitutes and and and people that we will consider unsavory but as a public defender. I got to learn and appreciate that. Each person has a story and that my role as an advocate was to tell that story in a way that will shoot to the lead experiences to give voice to them I learned to appreciate the fact that but for the grace of God Right. and fat Human beings have the capacity for change today. We're talking about forgiveness. I'm phoebe judge. This is criminal I'd like to ask you about where you grew up in Nigeria and and how growing up. You saw forgiveness injustice Criminality in differently than than we do here right. So we're very very communal society and so compared to to the US where It seems that we exist in silos and a very much individual pull yourself up by your bootstraps sort of mentality in Nigeria we. It's sort of those mentality that if one person is going astray we all collectively are going astray. And so the idea is You know we rally people will rally around you to make sure that That you don't go astray and that if you do that there are resources particularly human resources to help you Sorta recalibrate Your life trajectory And that's really critically important. I guess it's kind of a flip the whole idea in on the head which is in other communities when someone does something bad it it looks bad upon the community. Exactly as opposed to here. Where if someone does something bad when this person must be intrinsically bad or evil and let's remove them from the society? Oh yes absolutely. You absolutely correct here. It's you did something you something that you did and in other communities. It's like well what? How did we fail? How could we have prevented this? And now that you have indeed some done something. What can we do to restore your humanity? What can we do to make sure that you become one of us The question becomes. When is enough enough? When is punishment enough? When can we say you have paid your dues? It's time to welcome you back into society because we still think you've got value. We still think there's much more that you can add to being a productive member of our community in two thousand eleven a twenty five year old woman Nimble Shonda Armstrong drove her car. Into New York's Hudson River with her three children inside later. Leshan to Armstrong's neighbors came forward and said they knew she was in trouble. The often heard yelling. Her landlord leader said that she asked him twice in six months to change the locks on her doors. Delia Luna wrote about Louis Armstrong and other women who'd committed similar crimes she asks how is it that American society bears no social responsibility to support. Its most vulnerable members. In raising their children she proposes that we watch out for each other not just watch each other but really look out and offer help as she says communities in Nigeria. Often do she writes. It's imperative that the legal system take steps to foster a sense of communal obligation towards the most vulnerable members of our society single mothers and their children in two thousand fifteen delia. Muna was made clinical professor of law at Harvard. The law school's first Nigerian professor. She's also the deputy director of Harvard's Criminal Justice Institute where Third Year Law Students under supervision. Essentially work is public defenders. We asked her to tell us about the cases that stay with her the most and she says it's the ones where children are charged with crimes. She told us about representing a nine year old girl and she was charged with assault with a dangerous weapon and she was charged because while Throwing ten from classroom. She picked up a book a textbook and threw it at a teacher. Miss the teacher. The book hit the wall The child was promptly taken to a The principal's office and when she got there she was then arrested put in handcuffs. She was transported at the back of a police car and brought to the courthouse. She had to be placed in isolation so in solitary because she was nine years old and I went into speak with her so she is tiny little person and I was trying to explain to her. What my role was as her attorney and advocate and she had no idea Just even process in what that meant and she looked at me and she said where's my grandmother. And when can she take me back to school and then she said to me? Do you have any food? I'm hungry and so there. I was trying to figure out how to advocate for this child. In light of the very serious thing that she'd been charged with I mean assault with a dangerous weapon. book But clearly this child at other issues that we're contributing to Her behavior in class that day and he really will have been a very cruel and capricious thing for the legal system to continue. Its prosecution of her. It's easy to forgive a child and to consider all the social factors in play in their behavior. It's not always so easy to forgive adult. Well that's correct I it's easy when you paint a picture of a very vulnerable child but what about those evil adults and evil men and women who do such terrible things well. The truth is A An an an evil adult or terrible adult just didn't You know pop from just didn't become that way. They've had most likely a terrible childhood A childhood where they will likely abused likely neglected. And so you have children who wants. That's happened to them will indeed grow up to be adults who then Commit crimes I don't ever believe that an adult just takes actions without something being the catalyst for whatever it is. They that they've done and so it might be easier to forgive a child but if you delve deeper into the experiences the lived experience of an adult I think it makes it easier to forgive them once. You understand what it is that they've been through The prism through which they view life and sort of. What's happened to them?
Disease patterns and planetary health
"Sars and Moore's Ebola in now corona link with animals what we call zoonosis. It's more complicated than animals simply spreading viruses and pathogens to humans. This bread is often less direct and can involve intermediate hosts and behaviors. But as I've talked this week with disease ecology experts they have increasingly blamed humans for our destruction of biodiversity this then creates ripe conditions for pathogens to come into contact with humans building roads deforestation mining logging farming with heavy water use population growth exotic vacations and heavy hunting have all played a role in these emerging epidemics around the world. Densely packed populations increasingly live in close proximity to bats and rats and birds and pets. This creates new opportunities for interactions for things to move from one species to another so does our tendency to capture exotic animals and put them in cages and ship them around the world to be used as pets or sold in wet markets and eventually be consumed as food all these activities disperse viruses that have existed for eons in one species often in one location and then spread them globally. Dr Brian Bird is a leading veterinarian. Epidemiologist and the associate director of UC Davis is one health institute he has worked on the front lines of the Ebola epidemic in Sierra Leone and other epidemics around the world. He has thought a great deal about these emerging epidemics at it quite clear that land use change and changing the environment chopping forest to plant crops. Things things of that nature are one of the leading risk factors for spillover buyers spillover of viruses from one species to another is increasingly common the CDC estimates that three quarters of new or emerging diseases that infect humans originating animals. It's not just exotic diseases like Corona Ebola and h one n one look at how we've destroyed forests to build American suburbs. This development disrupts the ecosystems enforces deer and rats and other animals to live in more densely packed areas or to venture outside of their normal habitat. This means that insects like ticks can more easily passed between animals. And then the ticks spread the bacteria borelli A- Bergdorf Ri- and there is a huge increase in line disease. Dr Bird reminds us that these changes have been going on since the industrial revolution. But he says that. Our interactions with that risk must change. We have to start to recognize that what we're doing as humanity in these wild areas is detrimental or taking the system out of balance into viruses. That all the other wildlife live in that ECO system and a sense of balance. It is this balance that has been ignored over the longer term solutions will start with awareness and hopefully that will lead to reason to action and more careful
Acclaimed 'Beasts of No Nation' Author, Uzodinma Iweala, on Science, Power, and Race
"Living on the time of the Cova epidemic or corona virus. I just read something that made me laugh because someone said something like the Covet Nineteen virus which came out of China's an intelligent. It's not like he bowl which is rather dumb virus now. Obviously bullet comes out of the continent of Africa just like just think about that framework and that construct and what has been printed in a major magazine virus from Africa dumb virus virus from China. Smart virus you know. I say this about the corona virus like virus had emerged in the Netherlands. Just think about the way it would have been reported from the outset. Think about what would have happened. If it had merged in on the continent of Africa and the American President Donald Trump has been gratuitously coaling sods cove to the virus behind the current covet non epidemic the Chinese virus. Let's be clear your respective of what species and what place a virus might have been forced to take the dean pandemics. Have NO ETHNICITY. Science tells us that medical history tells us that but as we're about to explore xenophobic conclusions drawn from scientific observations can have an enormous impact on the course of history and on people's lives while is a novelist. He's a doctor a filmmaker and a whole lot more in his early twenty while still in college studying literature. He wrote the critically acclaimed novel baseds of Nine Nation which tells the extraordinary story of a child soldier. A little boy recruited given again and sent to wage a war in two thousand fifteen. That book was turned into a film. Don't like really look into my eyes since my nose picking is because I can't be explaining myself and leaving a damn not like be I am leg. Oldman try to talk to me about movies variances. I saw this an idea there would is. It would seem that some sort of this on Devon all this. I also having us I was really lucky to have the opportunity to write that novel diving. Into the stories of child. Soldiers around the world but mostly specifically in countries like Sierra Leone and Liberia which had just kind of come out of their own internal conflicts at the time and then of course going back and talking with relatives. My parents my grandparents aunts and uncles great aunts and uncles about their time during the Nigerian civil war from nineteen sixty six really sixty seven three thousand nine hundred seventy and trying to understand not just what it's like to experience that kind of turmoil from the perspective of a child but also what. It's like to have everything that you thought. You knew that you understood blown open tournament and and unfortunately that's an all too common and all to universal subject after painting beasts of no nation Dima went on to train as a doctor right more books including speak no evil and Al kind of people. He worked for a time as well in health policy in Africa and today he's of the Africa Center in New York City. A storm speak at last year's will conference of Science. Journalists Center. Really wanted you to have the opportunity to he him too. So he joins us from the radio art studios in the heart of New York. You had such an interesting childhood. Born in Washington to Nigerian parents mother a former finance minister of Nigeria. And growing up. I get the sense that you very much spent time on on both continents and I'm curious to know. Have that shaped your sense of self as a as a boy and a young adult. My parents took it upon themselves to make sure that we could always get back to Nigeria. That this was to be so much a part of who we were growing up and it really did actually provide us with a really interesting way of seeing the world. You're not from one place near not from another place. You're from both places. It's kind of a glorious thing to be able to grow up knowing that there are multiple perspectives on everything in the world. What someone sees for example in the village that my grandparents grew up in is necessarily going to be from what somebody sees in suburban Washington? Dc things might be a little bit more difficult in Nigeria. But at the same time everybody is still living. I think that's something that a lot of people who only grow up saying in industrialized if we WANNA use that term or you know United States type or western context don't have and therefore very afraid of the wider world beyond. We just grew up not being afraid because of exposure and I think that's so important. Oh that's such a potent comment about FIA holding back so much dialogue and possibility in the world. Why a medical degree trying to be a doctor? Why did you save that time in your life as a part of any decision? I think there are multiple reasons for why you do something and not all of them are the most. I will freely admit that I did medicine because my dad's a doctor and you can kind of see okay. This is what a doctor does. You see the stethoscope. You see the medicines. It's already very concrete. You know in the little kids mind and as as the kid of African immigrants. There's this thing where you do. The practical like you become a doctor. You become a lawyer and then you think that the way that you have impact is through those practical professions. I think of course. There's this idea that doctors save people and that you can have a profound impact on on a person's life and so you know with all of that. It seemed like a natural choice. I think it became clear to me that one of the things that was missing was for me in full form. Was that creative output that flow and that ability to render the world as I saw an as sort of my talent allowed me to and I think one person can have an impact in multiple ways. Interestingly in many ways you work and your books have connected with how history in politics and in Dade Science and medicine in Western societies read and interpret and Judge View African bodies. If we think of the base of nomination also your your book. Our kind of people sharing stories from people living with HIV is in in Nigeria. That lenses interested you. It strikes me in house and I. I think you can't grow up in a black body and you can't occupy the space as an African person. Occupies space in this world is offering person or as a black person without thinking about the gains that is upon you because in in many ways that gains does and has adversely affected the lives that we all live both again in a very individual way and also on the macro level and so understanding. How black bodies move through space are interpreted? I think is something that's really important to me. And I say that not just from the Games of the other but also from the the way that we look at ourselves and this is where you presented last year at the World Conference of Science Journalists in Europe and gave extraordinary address on racism at the heart of modern science and medicine. What did you want that audience of journalists and scientists and? I was one of them in that room to think about to interrogate. I think oftentimes we just assume that the structures we operate within our for one solid and somehow especially when it comes to signs that they're they're vetted and true and one of the things that became increasingly clear to me. As I wrote the book I wrote on HIV AIDS was just how much quote unquote scientific. Ideas were grounded in people's biases and prejudices about black bodies and how that impacted the quote unquote science or signs. At least that initially was dedicated to trying to stop the epidemic and in some cases may have done more harm than good. Initially I think back to a lot of the articles that when I was writing my book I read about HIV AIDS academic articles about sort of the linking of the spread of HIV AIDS and promiscuity. And the idea that Africans were having sex like monkeys where promiscuous like monkeys like which came up in published scientific papers and then is it makes its way into the journalistic mainstream this idea of like African promiscuity as it relates to the spread of this disease you know things about like Africanness and and being unable to quote unquote keep the time why early. Hiv treatments which required like large. Regimens of pills like wouldn't work for people. And that was you know story that made it into major publications impacted policy that impacted the way the epidemic was dealt with you know these are things that are important and people need to be responsible for the way these stories are told and need to think about the frameworks in which the stories are
Euro 2020 Championship postponed to 2021 over coronavirus crisis
"Yesterday European football's governing body UEFA did indeed as widely trial decide to postpone your I. twenty twenty two euro twenty twenty one and the confederation of African football is put back next month's African nations championship for locally based players at the request of the organizes Cameroon elsewhere Sierra Leone is called a whole pool sporting activities with immediate effect I don't actually have a case of coronavirus registered in the country just
Coronavirus Is Here. Will Quarantines Help?
"The new corona virus is on the move from China to Europe here in Italy at this point the country has been divided into three different areas. There is the red zone the yellow zone and then the rest of Italy and the United States Washington state remains the center of attention as Karuna. Virus SPREADS QUICKLY RESEARCHERS. Say The virus may have been circulated in the area for weeks. Undetected and more cases are likely in New York. Experts warn the virus will spread their cases. Keep popping up and when they do. Some governments are responding with one of the most powerful tools they have quarantines doctor. He'd Padillia knows a thing or two about quarantine. You are a person not only under investigation for potentially developing a disease. But you are a person who's trustworthiness is. Now come into question you know. Will you follow the rules? And You keep them safe from you. She's an infectious disease. Specialist was quarantine twice after returning home from Sierra Leone during the Ebola outbreak there in two thousand fourteen sudden. Change that you see in people's faces it's like you are a human but all of a sudden you become a threat to them today in the show. We'll talk about what? Corentin actually gives why this virus is so good at reading it and what steps the United States might have to take to contain the novel Corona Virus. Dr Padillia is the medical director of Special Pathogens Unit at Boston University. And so she's been paying close attention to this latest outbreak of the novel. Corona virus and the efforts to stop it. I it's important to understand why this virus is hard to contain a lot of the symptoms. It causes are the same as what people experience when they get the cold or the flu on top of that. There's some evidence that people can transmit the virus before they have symptoms and perhaps even after they feel better and even if that doesn't happen often. It's still a problem when you're trying to track an outbreak. Because if you don't have symptoms you're not gonNA come to care and if not gonNA COME TO CARE. We won't know that you're sick and hence be able to do contact tracing which is basically looking for anybody else you may have been in contact with. We didn't really have a test for this virus until February and initially in the states. We were only testing people who had traveled to places with outbreaks or people who had been in contact with somebody who had the disease now. Public Health officials have expanded. Who can be tested? Which is why all these new cases are making the news. Yes I think that's playing a major role in the identification of some of the cases and I also think that's going to lead to new cases being diagnosed during this week in the United States though just to be clear Dr W. says that doesn't necessarily mean there's a big spike in the number of people who are sick. We're probably just identifying more people because we're testing more people. In when these cases appear local governments are taking action in King County Washington. The government is buying an entire motel to use for quarantines. But what is quarantine so quarantining Is the is the practice by which we separate those that we think may have had exposure to a disease of interest from the rest of the community and the reason to do that is because if they develop symptoms We want them to be separate at that point from other. So they don't transmit that disease to others. Gotcha Gotcha so individual quarantine obviously is a very different thing than mass quarantine which is trying to quarantine huge groups of people Tell me a little bit about that. There are temporizing measure rate. I mean if you have bleeding in your leg you can cut off your circulation to stop leading but that's just a temporizing measure Until you can figure out how to fix what's going on and it's the same thing with Corentin I think it works early on If you can sort of separate people in in a smaller outbreak becomes much more difficult as the outbreak of the epidemic becomes bigger. Because now you're talking about a bigger group of people. Can you talk to me about some of the costs of quarantine? Because you know. They're not all economic right. There are psychological and social tolls on a person were a community. Yeah I I'm glad you brought that up. But I mean I think even before I start with the sociological aspects in the psychological aspects. I mean let's just talk about the logistic aspects of it. The cost is a big thing because you now have a huge number of people. It's not just the direct cost of putting somebody in quarantine but you are taking them. If they are a working adult you are taking them out of the workforce. And if you do that for massive number of people you are basically halting entire economic sectors But then there is the logistics cost on the aspect of it. Which is if you quarantine people. There needs to be a plan to basically feed them. You know engineered to get medications that they need if they get sick. So there's that element and then then. There is the sociological and psychological aspects. In the stigma. 'cause what you're being told that you are potentially a threat to society and so there's the figuring out the logistics of how do you have you sort of survive you know within? Cro- close quarters alone for long periods of time and the second is the loneliness of it you know I remember for being. Thank you know I for both of my sense of quarantine. I was desperate for company NUMB. And so of course we recognize the importance of separating folks who may be at high risk of potentially developing disease. You know you have to take into account. What else is going on in their life. And what kind of support. They need psychological support that they need as they go through with it. What are some of the steps that we might see the? Us government take before or instead of quarantine so asides from having more information out there. I think some of the steps that you might see public health Officials do is cancelling delaying large events. Such as sports games or or concerts or conferences In areas where there is sustained number of cases The other steps that public health officials may take is is really encouraging if they have symptoms of their if they're worried about it to contact their healthcare providers or if they're in a state that has a dedicated hotline to really sort of go through whether or not they should come to care. Actually stay at home. You're healthy person has symptoms. I think the best strategies for you to stay at home until you get better rather than go to work or go to the hospital so I've also heard people talking about school closings which I think could be really tough especially on parents who may be can't take time off to stay home with their kids right. Yeah I think that for every step that we take the public health realm There's going to be consideration of how we can. We are going to mitigate the impact of those steps on people and that's what helps us ensure that there is adherence to recommendations right. An so school closings are are an excellent example. Because you're not only asking that student to stay home but you're asking that parents to stay home from work may or may not have the job security to be able to do that so thinking through how you support parents who are going through that in a district where we've closed. The school is GonNa Be Important. Right Right Okay. So as a person who works in infectious disease who works in hospitals has experienced quarantine themselves. Do you think the United States is prepared to quarantine large groups of people? I think we need a little bit of work on that. Whol actually has a wonderful guy that they released poor countries as they're thinking about mass quarantines and one of the things that I talk about this importance of community engagement and outreach to really explain to a wide as being done and the importance of it if it is being pursued and so if we are going to do it aside from the Logistics Readiness. I think one of the things to think about that the US may have to do is massive amounts of community outreach to ensure that people understand or sections of communities understand why this is being done. The other part of this is we have to see aside some quarantines if they are perceived we have to invest in behavior change and community engagement because that is more sustainable and probably in the end. What's going to help? Stop the epidemic. Yeah so I guess one of my questions is if we got to a point where we needed to do you know big quarantines in the United States would it really be effective here versus a place like China which obviously has a different government setup? I think whether or not The mask oranges United States. Work are it's dependent on a few different factors right. Anything can work if you throw enough. Resources added if you're not willing to put enough manpower to make sure that you know something goes. According to plan. Then the question becomes is that the most effective way of spending resources but regardless of whether or not we pursue quarantine. I think the important thing to know is what makes quarantine effective in certain communities I. It's not as the amount of effort you put into engagement without community and the people that you are quarantining education about why that's being done and ensuring people that there needs both economic logistic and ability to survive while in quarantine or Matt. Yeah so I know there's been some back and forth about whether or not Corentin has been successful or not in in this case whether or not global efforts have helped slow the virus at all or have been a waste of resources. How do you see that I think majority of the attention been on China on whether or not the very strict restrictions that they placed in travel and quarantining entire cities? Actually help As I mentioned earlier I think quarantine is always a balanced between individual taking away an individual's freedom versus the potential benefits. That you might get from taking such a step despite my own unease with with massive quarantines you know. I do think that there are people who would say that this roic efforts you really call it a sacrifice on on the part of the Chinese people because they didn't stick with that strict quarantine orders they were given by their government It did bias time. It didn't stop it nor do I think at that point would have been effective in stopping it Did it by as potentially more time to prepare here and everywhere else and I think it probably did but at what cost and did we more importantly did we take advantage of that time.
Latest on coronavirus spreading in China and beyond
"Super spreading offense public health officials tracking the covert nineteen outbreak are on the lookout for them the new corona viruses already considered highly contagious and spread from a single city in China to the rest of the world within thirty days super spreading events in which one person infects many others could make the outbreak spread even faster and yours King Kong explains why last month a British man went to a conference in Singapore and then on a ski trip to the French Alps what he didn't know when he arrived in the Alps was that he was infected with the virus behind the coded nineteen outbreak and appears that during his stay at the ski village he invited eleven other people the World Health Organization says some are calling this a super spreading event Max slough Emory University models how diseases spread an individual in fact much more profound than typical average person early estimates for the new coronavirus suggests that the average infected person usually only spends it to two or three other people the possibility of super sporting events as worried researchers since the new corona virus was discovered it's because in the past super spending events have triggered explosive chains of transmission and other outbreaks Jessica Matt Caffrey searches population and disease dynamics at Princeton University the poster child receives running event happened during the sars outbreak where a huge proportion cases was traced back to this Metropol hotel back in two thousand three there is a doctor treating patients who as far as another corona virus disease he checked into the Metropol hotel in Hong Kong at least thirteen other people on this floor got sick and from that hotel the disease spread to Canada Vietnam and Singapore in twenty fourteen at more than three hundred new a bullet cases were traced to the funeral of a popular healer who died of the disease in Sierra Leone Adam could try ski studies the dynamics of infectious diseases at the London school of hygiene and tropical medicine in a twenty fifteen outbreak of another corona virus in South Korea about two thirds the transmission actually came just two events in Austin to a businessman infected at least twenty six people and one hospital and a person at a different hospital second eighty two other patients visitors and staff both of those instances fast track to the spread of the virus so in that situation if you can avoid this to find happening you you got a nice yeah so why does super spending happen Jamie Lloyd Smith who studies how diseases spread at UCLA so the factors that cause it very alive it runs the gamut from someone is feeling perfectly well that happens to be spreading virus without knowing it to somebody's quite sick in the active trying to help them puts the virus into the air and exposes people starting events often happen in hospitals were very sick people get Hosp the procedures that might expose others to their blood are there long fluids what Smith says that so far super spending events may be happening with the new coronavirus but they don't seem to be causing explosive outbreaks as they did in the early days of sars the question is why is that a biological difference between the two viruses or is a consequence of you know we actually learned some things about how to deal with these viruses and infection control the man that spread then you can run a virus to eleven others in the Alps health officials believe they caught that situation before it ignited a chain I could have spread Kobe nineteen
What's A 'Super-Spreading Event'? And Has It Happened With COVID-19?
"Super spreading events public health officials tracking the covert nineteen outbreak are on the lookout for them the new corona viruses already considered highly contagious it spread from a single city in China to the rest of the world within thirty days super spreading events in which one person infects many others could make the outbreak spread even faster NPR's King Kong explains why last month a British man went to a conference in Singapore and then on a ski trip to the French Alps what he didn't know when he arrived in the Alps was that he was infected with the virus behind the coup bid nineteen outbreak and it appears that during his stay at the ski village he infected eleven other people the World Health Organization says some are calling this a super spreading event Max Lao Emory University models how diseases spread an individual in fact much more profound and there should be co average person early estimates for the new coronavirus suggests that the average infected person usually only spent the two two or three other people the possibility of super sporting events as worried researchers since the new corona virus was discovered it's because in the past super spending events have triggered explosive chains of transmission and other outbreaks Jessica Matt Caffrey searches population and disease dynamics at Princeton University the poster child receives running event happened during the sars outbreak where a huge proportion cases was traced back to this Metropol hotel back in two thousand three there is a doctor treating patients who had sars another corona virus disease he checked into the Metropol hotel in Hong Kong at least thirteen other people on this floor got sick and from that hotel the disease spread to Canada Vietnam and Singapore in twenty fourteen at more than three hundred new a bullet cases were traced to the funeral of a popular healer who died of the disease in Sierra Leone Adam could charge ski studies the dynamics of infectious diseases at the London school of hygiene and tropical medicine in a twenty fifteen outbreak of another corona virus in South Korea about two thirds the transmission actually came just two events in hospitals a businessman infected at least twenty six people and one hospital and a person at a different hospital second eighty two other patients visitors and staff both of those instances fast track to the spread of the virus so in that situation if you can avoid this to find happening you you've got a nice yeah so why does super spending happen Jamie Lloyd Smith who studies how diseases spread at UCLA so the factors that cause it very alive it runs the gamut from someone is feeling perfectly well that happens to be spreading virus without knowing it to somebody's quite sick in the active trying to help them puts the virus into the air and exposes people super starting events often happen in hospitals were very sick people get Hosp the procedures that might expose others for their blood are there long fluids Lloyd Smith says that so far super spending events may be happening with the new coronavirus but they don't seem to be causing explosive outbreaks as they did in the early days of sars the question is why is that a biological difference between the two viruses or is it a consequence of you know we actually learned some things about how to deal with these viruses and infection control the case of the man that spread the new coronavirus to eleven others in the Alps health officials believe they caught that situation before it ignited a chain I could have spread coded
Dr Suzanne Donovan: The Corona Virus
"We've all heard about this newfangled disease at Wuhan. China called the corona virus. It's the one that the World Health Organization called a grave threat to the world. Well Dr Table and I invited back in amazing doctor to set a straight on the subject. Dr Suzanne Donovan. She's one of the most inspirational professionals. That Stephen I have ever had the honor of having on our show. She's a renown infectious disease specialist and infection control expert with all of you. Ucla Medical Center in Sylmar California. The last time Dr Donovan was with us. She shared her experiences fighting. Ebola outbreaks in the West African nation of Sierra Leone and her multi decade efforts to control the AIDS crisis. If you want to be inspired by a true story of heroism you owe it to yourself to go back to our fourth and fifth episode of medicine who are still practicing. So who better to help us understand the realities and the rumors around Corona virus? Dr Suzanne Donovan. Welcome back thank you for the invite to come back and talk about this new epidemic with with all of you. D'etre Steve Tell us what we're really dealing with here. Corona virus has been around for probably millions of years. I mean it's nothing new. I mean this. This small little are in a particle But it hasn't been as virulent as what we're seeing. I don't think in in the history of certainly a man but a best to talk about. You know what this is I think is is our esteemed guest. You know why now why this little virus that has sort of caused colds and flu like symptoms. Why now is it becoming so deadly? What's going on? I think we all need to remember that. This is the third epidemic. We've had related to a corona virus. We had SARS in two thousand and two two thousand and three the next decade we had Moore's Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome in around two thousand twelve and now we have this novel Corona Virus In Two thousand and twenty two thousand nineteen initially At least identified in China so this is nothing new and also. It's really important to remember that our ability to detect epidemics and detect the the the origin of the epidemic has changed dramatically in the last fifty years with molecular technology. So we've just gotten better at testing for it. I think we've gotten better at early. Diagnosis of outbreaks. It's a you know you would know if there was a pandemic that's correct and you know so that would not be any mystery but is this not more virulent than SARS. And Moore's well I think when we use the term. We have to be very clear what we're talking about. Virulent refers to a disease and its ability to cause organ destruction or death to the host. The data that we have to date is that this is much less virulent than SARS immerse. The other thing. I think it's really important to say is there's a lot of talking heads out there in corona virus. Some that are super smart. Much smarter than than I am Maybe some that are a little less informed and we know very little about this virus at this point. We don't know the attack right in other words if we one of. Us had the virus in this room. Right now how many individuals would be infected in the next two weeks? We don't really know that the other thing we don't know we don't know the case fatality rate in other words out of ten people that have corona virus. How many will go on to die? Or how many will end up have having significant morbidity or disease from this ending up in the ICU ending up on a ventilator. We have none of this data coming out of China. All were seen as the tip of the iceberg. The tip of the iceberg are the dust and the people being hospitalized. We have no idea of the scope of the number of individuals that are infected that are as symptomatic or mildly symptomatic because that data is not there seems like it's moving pretty quickly anytime you have. What's called a novel or new virus or virus and a population that is naive or has no preexisting immunity to it. We expect to see a lot of cases I think are most important job if you look at mirrors and SARS or even a bola and the US is first to manage the anxiety and manage the communication and the message about this virus. It's important that the the public know about this virus so that everyone can be alerted to the dangers. I just unfortunately on a soapbox about irresponsible reporting and sensationalism. But I think it does a disservice to the population. The chair of Public Health at Hong Kong University said that he believes sixty percent of the world's population is at risk. How does he come to a statement like that? He's doing what's called and I believe that article that he wrote. It is not not yet peer reviewed. He's doing what is called mathematical modeling of outbreaks. So there's something called are not Which is would be similar to the attack rate which is the number of individuals that are going to be infected during the time the individuals infectious so implant would be around one and a half individuals may be to to put it in perspective. Measles would be around fifteen to seventeen. Well I'm much more concerned about a measles case which we had recently in Los Angeles coming in on a case of corona virus. What happens in China where there may not be the infection control practices in hospitals? There may not be access to the ability to do hand hygiene respiratory hygiene The dynamics of transmission in China is going to be different the night dynamics of transmission in the US. So if you look at the handful of cases that we've had in the US were not seen exponential growth here in the US. What's the difference between having the flu? And having corona that's a great question I would say for most individuals with Krona virus which we diagnose to all the time in in the US. It's like having a cold. You're more likely probably feel a lot sicker with the flu than you would. For the run-of-the-mill Corona virus this particular corona virus. We don't quite understand the dynamics of what it doesn't individuals yet. What we do know is that there appears to be a lower rate of complication in the pediatric population. For reasons. We don't understand what we don't know is whether this corona virus is going to be like SARS during the SARS outbreak the virus responsible for SARS was able to change its genetic code. Become more virulent. Actually become more dangerous to the human hosts that did not happen to the murders outbreak. And we don't know what's going to happen with this virus and so. I think we have more unanswered questions about both the clinical presentation of what happens when someone gets sick. But the dynamics of the infection why do younger individuals not get as sick as older individuals? Is there anything any symptom at all that you can tell? Us IS UNIQUE TO CORONA virus. That is different than the flu. I would say there is nothing that would distinguish a bad cold from someone with hospital not test for krona vires so the current CDC criteria. Because it's different in every country. The current criteria is that you have a combination of clinical symptoms and what we call epidemiologic risk factors so epidemiologic risk factors is. Where have you been and mortar? Have you been doing still ask our kids all the time? So where have you been? Have you been the China? And what part of China is number one and number two? What symptoms are you having? And the symptoms are looking for is a fever and respiratory symptoms -portant reimbursed Pretoria meaning. I'm coughing cough and short of breath or a fever if you have a strong epidemiologic risk factor. You're from Wuhan or you're in a household with someone from John who is symptomatic and you have symptoms of a fever or a cough that hospital. Er should call public health. And they will confirm that and then they will authorize screening. No doctor in the studio can order this test. It's not order -able through a private lap this incubation period that they've been talking about which is to to fourteen days basically anytime during that time you can essentially be a carrier right. You can give it to people. Let's talk about those terms. A carrier is different than someone who has mild symptoms versus someone who's symptomatic. There was one case reported out of Germany that was published as a letter in New England Journal of Medicine stating that an ace symptomatic case transmitted the virus however it appeared the authors did not talk to the patient purveyed. Yes so they wrote up the communication and it turned out the case was symptomatic. We know that there is what is called. Pre prodromos shutting. So pro drome is. I think I'm GONNA get sick. I feel like I'm coming down with something and then the next day. You're really sick when you're in that pro drome you can. Shed many different viruses. Pre Promo is before you even have that program you can shut of ours but what is very important to remember is for most the vast majority of infections there is a very clear relationship between the amount of virus in your body and your symptoms. What that means is your most likely to be infectious when you have symptoms and the way you transmit corona virus. The main way to transmit corona virus is by coughing and depositing droplets. Anew your three feet away from me so I could infect you. If you're a symptomatic the only way you can transmit that virus is by touching your mucus membranes and then touching a surface than than you would touch it so this is not a doorknob issue this is. This is a very low risk issue. We need to focus in on the symptomatic population. Does this live on surfaces. Yes it does. How long well? I'm I would love to find that outright source still getting environmental surface data but we know in general corona viruses are what are called enveloped viruses so they have little protection around themselves so they can persist on surfaces for even over a week. Which is why it's very very Karen ME SUZANNE IN THIS COUNTRY. We do not have ongoing corona virus transmission. I see here were we live. Many students many individuals wearing masks. And I'm wondering the only reason to wear a mask is if you're having symptoms or if you're robbing a bank due to wearing masks for self protection there is no reason to wear a mask in the absence of you having symptoms or you're going into a hospital and you're going to be seeing a patient but only when you're working with the patient exactly virus so we're not advocating and you're not advocating. I'm sure using a mask of any kind to be in the general population whether you're on an airplane whether you're having dinner in Chinatown there's little reason to be doing that in this country where there's two reasons that do number one for what you just said. A number two. We now have an international shortage of both categories of Mass M. It's a national security. Issue is not if if the media is propagating. The the panic mentality. You can certainly say that. There's no reason for panic at this and yet the media is fanning the flames of panic. Because that was was going to get people to tune in to their show with should be saying is just the opposite. Yes is dangerous. It's serious but at this juncture. They should be saying. There's no reason for
The Falklands War Explained
"This episode is on the Falcons will and so we get straight into the Falklands war was a ten week. Undeclared war which we Argentina and the United Kingdom in one thousand nine hundred ninety two over two different territories in the south Atlanta the focus on islands territorial dependency which is south Georgia and South Sandwich Islands. The conflict guy on the second of I pro. When Argentine forces invaded occupied the focus ORLANDS? This was followed by invasion of south Georgia the next day in an attempt to establish the sovereignty claim them over on the fifth of April. The British government dispatched a naval task force to engage each week the Argentine navy and Air Force before making them in February so come the island. This conflict lasted seventy four days and ended with the Argentine surrender on the fourteenth for June. Were turning the islands to British control in total six forty nine auditorium military personnel. It's now on two hundred and fifty richest personnel and three folklore owners died during the hostilities. The conflict was a major episode. In the protracted dispute over the territory's sovereignty Argentina selected our maintains that they were Argentine find territory and Argentine government. That's characterizes military action as the reclamation of its territory the British government regard the action As an invasion of in crime colony since eighteen forty one the folkman islanders who had inhabited the island since the early nineteenth century with predominantly descendants of British cyclists and strongly favored which is shocking Leave estate officially declared war. Although both the government declared the islands of warzone hostilities was almost exclusively limited to the territories UNDIS- disputes and the area South Atlantic where Louis the conflict had a strong effect in both cultures and has been the subject various books articles films on songs uh-huh patriotic sentiment ran high in Argentina. But the outcome prompted large protests against the military government hastened its downfall in the United Kingdom the conservative government boasted by the successful outcome was reelected increased majority the following year the the cultural and political effects of the conflict have been less than the UK done in Argentina where it remains a common topic for discussion. Diplomatic diplomats relations between the United Kingdom and Argentina were restored in one thousand nine hundred nine fallen meeting Madrid a which the two governments issued the joint statement. No change in either country's position regarding the sovereignty of the Falkland Islands were made explicit in Nineteen ninety-four Argentina's in times claim to the territory was added to its constitution in the period leading up to the wall in particular perform transfer of power between the military dictators. General Jorge Raphael Videla and General Roberto Eduardo Viola late in March nineteen eighty see what Argentina have been in the midst of a devastating economic stagnation and large scale civil unrest against the military Giunta that been governor the country since nineteen seventy six in December. One thousand nine hundred what there was a change in the audit time military regime bringing to office. It's a new GENTA headed by General Leopoldo Galtieri Acting President and Averick Adele Lameta an admiral. George Weah was the main architect and supporter of military solution for the long standing claim over the islands calculating and that the United Kingdom would never respond militarily by opt-in for military action the Galateri government hoped to mobilized choice along standard patriotic feelings of Argentines towards the islands. Their star the public attention from the country's current economic problems on the regime's James Ongoing Human rights violations of the dirty war such actions would also boast a dwindling legitimacy the new space last preceding speculated on a step-by-step plan beginning with cutting off supplies to the island and direct actions slate to nine thousand nine hundred two if the UN talks were fruitless ongoing tension between the couteau countries over islands increased the online from March where Military Group of Argentine scrap metal merchants. They actually infiltrated by Argentine Marines raised as the Argentine flag at South Georgia Island. A not that would like to be seen as the first offensive action in the war. The blow navy ice patrol vessel H- H must endure. It was dispatched from standing to South Georgia on the twentieth in response the Argentine Ministry Genta suspect in the UK would reinforce his Atlantic forces ordered the invasion of the fulcrum islands to be brought forward to the second-ranked The UK was initially taken by surprise by the Argentine attack on the South Atlantic islands. Despite repeated wouldn't wooden royal naval captain Nicholas Barker it commanded. They're enjoying anivers- Balka believed that the Defense Secretary John Not Nineteen Nineteen eighty-one review in which knots described plans to rejoin the joins. The Yolk case only naval presence in the in the South Atlantic at center signal not Argentines that UK was unwilling would soon be unable to defend his territories subjects in the Falkland Islands on the Second Night Nineteen eight thousand nine hundred. The Argentine forces mounted on Fabius London's known as Operation Rosario on the Falkland Islands the invasion was met with nominal defense organized by full. Didn't governor Sir. Rex Hunt giving command to Major. Might Norman of the Royal Marines brings the events invasion included end of life. Talent commander Admiral Sanchez supply. Thomas I'm fabulous commanders. Group the attack on Moody Brook Barracks. The engagement between troops of Hugo Santelli on bill trip at Stanley on the final engagement and surrender government. Government has worthy invasion. I reach the U. K.. From auditing solstice. A minister defense operative in London had a short tally tax. Conversation with Governor. Hunt's telex operation confirmed that Argentines on the island and in control later that day BBC journalists Lorrimore Golez spoke with an Orlando at goose green via average rage of who confirmed the presence of a large oftentimes entire fleet and the Argentine forces had taken control of the island richest military operations in the Fulcrum Wolf were given the code thing Operation Culpa and the commander of the Task Force was Melissa. John fieldhouse operations lasted from first of all April nineteen thousand nine hundred to the twentieth of June nineteen ninety two. The British undertook a series of military operations as a means of recapturing the fortunes from Argentine Argentine occupation the British royalty taken prior in second April invasion in response to the events on South Georgia the submarines henchman splendid and H- H Mess Fox and was ordered to South to south on twenty nine March whereas the store ship Royal Flea Cle- exonerate for Austin was dispatched from the western Mediterranean H Messengers North Carrington. I wish to send a third submarine but his decision with deferred due to concerns about the impact on operational commitments coincidentally on the second of March suckering suckering hikmet superb after broke up and it was just seemed was in the press to be heading south that has been since been speculation. The effect effect these reports were panic. The Argentine Genta into invading the Falkland Islands before nuclear powered submarines could be deployed the following day. Join a crisis. Meeting headed by Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. The Chief of Naval Staff at Henry Leach advise that quote written could send Taskforce Skip. The islands were invaded and on the first April sent orders to a royal naval force. CARRINA LENA exercises in the Mediterranean to provide south-south Phony invasion on the second of April after emergency meeting of the cabinet approval was given to form a task force to retake the islands. This was backed in an emergency session of the House of Commons. The next day on the six by the British government set up a war cabinet to provide today political oversight the campaign this was the CRISCO instrument crisis-management to the British with his remittance to keep under review political or military development relating to the South Atlantic and to report as necessary to Defense Overseas Policy Committee. The Wall Cabinet Matt at least daily until it was dissolved on the twelfth of August although Margaret Thatcher is described as dominating the wool cabinet Lawrence Friedman notes in the official history of the Falkland Islands Campaign that she did not know opposition without concern of however wants a decision was reached. She did not look back and quote on the evening of April. The United Kingdom's nation's ambassador possums for a drop. The president of the United Nations Gertie Council the resolution which condemned hostilities in the media. Argentine ritual from the island was adopted by the council the following day as United Nations. WHO's not council resolution five? Oh two which passed with ten votes in simple when against ends up stations. China the Soviet Union potent UK receive fervor political support from members members countries the Commonwealth of Nations and the European Economic Community Australia Canada New Zealand withdrew that diplomats from bodice Ariz the e say also provided economic support by imposing economic sanctions on Argentina. Auden itself was politically literally backed by a majority of countries in Latin America of crucially knocked chilly and also some members of the Non Aligned Movement. The New Zealand government expelled the Argentine ambassador following the invasion Prime Minister Rob Dune was in London. When will grow finding an opinion piece published in science? He said quote the military rulers of Argentina must not be appeased. New Zealand will back Britain all the way and unquote will cost in on BBC World Service. He told the focus islands. This quote this robot mode do we all think Commu Given our full support total to the British government isn't this endeavors to rectify the situation. Get rid of the people invaded your Country Country Unquote on the twenty for May nine hundred eighty two. He announced that New Zealand would make H. M. S.. Concentrate prey lead. The class frigate valuable to use when the British were could fit to release royal. Navy vessels from the Falcons in the House of Commons almonds. Afterwards Margaret Thatcher said quote the New Zealand government and people have absolutely magnificent in support of this country and the Falkland Islanders just for the rule of liberty of law and quote the French president. Francois Mitterrand declared embargo home. Frenchamn sows thousand assistance to Argentina. In addition from allowed UK act craft warships use of his poor field facilities. That car in Senegal Frans provided dismisal aircraft training. So that Harry pilots could be trained against the French aircraft used by Argentina Intelligence also cooperated with Britain to prevent Argentina from containing more exit missiles on the international market. Kim a two thousand two interview in reference to the support John Not then defense secretary at disquiet France. At Britain's quote greatest tally in two thousand twelve. He came to light that wall. This poll was taken place. A French technical team employed by docile and already in Argentina remained death throughout the world. Despite presidential decree the team had provided material support to the Argentines identify and fixing faults in exit missile launchers. John Not set the unknown. The French team was that beset. It's what was thought. Be Not of any the important and advised that French government denied any knowledge the time that the tech teams that in contrast French intelligence officer maintained a team was that it was in intelligence gathering capacity. Joel not that asked if he regretted his surly praised. The French said he's the French. were quote the excess and always have been an quote. The Sierra Leone government allowed task for ships to refuel preterm. BBC Ten transport aircraft landed on Joel in the Gambia Umbria flight between the UK and Ascension Islands. The United States was concerned. A protracted conflict with the Soviet Union Argentina's Argentina's side and initially tried to meet yet then to the conflict through shuttle diplomats however when Argentina refused the US peace over rituals US Secretary of State Alexander. Hey announced that. The United States would prohibit sale arms to Argentina and provide material support richest operations rations both houses the US Congress passed resolutions supporting us. Parchin sided with the United Kingdom. The into and you S. provided United Kingdom with Sidewinder missiles for use by the Harrier jets President Ronald Reagan approved Royal Navy's Request to borrow the sea curry capable amphibious assault ship. US Awad Jima. If the British lost aircraft carrier the United States Navy developed a plan to help the richest man that Shit with American military contractors likely retired sailors with knowledge of a Jima Systems
STEMinists: Mae Carol Jemison
"To space and she's also a physician volunteer entrepreneur and teacher. Let's talk about the multitalented Mae Carol Jemison they may Carol Jemison was born in Decatur Alabama on October Seventeenth Nineteen fifty-six. She's the youngest of three siblings and she was three her. Her family moved to Chicago. May's parents maintenance worker at an elementary schoolteacher always encouraged her curiosity and desire to be a scientist in one interview may set her parents were the best scientists. She knew because they were always asking questions. mm-hmm. May herself was inquisitive from an early age. She spent much of her time in her school library. Reading about astronomy and other sciences by the time may was in highschool. She'd already decided to pursue a career in biomedical engineering. She received the national achievement scholarship for Stanford University and left home for college when she was just sixteen years old at Stanford may studied chemical engineering and African American can studies she also participated in dance and feeder and served as the head of the universities Black Student Union in one thousand nine hundred seventy seven she completed pleaded her degree at Stanford and enrolled in Cornell University's medical school she studied and worked abroad in Cuba Kenya and Thailand after Cornell now she worked as a general practitioner before serving in the Peace Corps in Sierra Leone and Liberia when may return to the US. She went back to work as a general zero practitioner but it wasn't long before she decided to take a shot at a childhood dream. The space shuttle Challenger's five astronauts sleeping now in nineteen eighty three may watch to sally ride became the first American woman in space but as the Challenger climbed today carried American woman astronaut astronaut Sally Ride into space and into history may was inspired decided to apply to NASA's astronaut program she was selected as one of only fifteen candidates out of more than two thousand applicants may join the Astronaut Corps in nineteen eighty seven and after drew extensive training took her historic flight on September Twelfth Nineteen ninety-two ever lower the locker visors world twelve good luck on conviction that bill on the past x Ray in the visible lending at our planet earth in the neck copies. Thanks on that day. She became the first black woman in space she traveled on the space shuttle. Endeavor or three three two one booster ignition and liftoff of space shuttle Endeavour on twenty-first-century mission placing Earth back on the Mac doc may was the mission specialist of the journey. She conducted bone cell research as well as experiments on weightlessness and motion sickness. The Group of seven seven astronauts took one hundred twenty six orbits around the Earth and the mission lasted eight days after as time and space she left NASA in March of nineteen ninety-three she went on to teach environmental studies at Dartmouth College and founded her own company called the Jemison group you a technology consulting firm that seeks to incorporate solutions to social issues in the design of Engineering and science projects. She's a vocal local advocate for greater inclusion of women and people of Color in stem and she's also an advocate for comprehensive science education for kids. She contributes to efforts provided dance technology to schools worldwide. We all need to be stim- literate just to work our way through the day we need to be stim- litter may has also also taken over leadership of the one hundred year starship program the program which was originally established by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency works to develop means for traveling beyond the solar system within the next one hundred years. It's aims to benefit many people on Earth as possible along the way in case. You weren't impressed enough already a leave you with some parting fun facts about the Amazing Mae Carol Jemison final frontier she she speaks three languages other than her native English Japanese Russian and Spike Ely voyages of starship enterprise. She also appeared appeared on Star Trek the next generation making her the first real space goer to play a character on the iconic show boldly go where no man has gone before. You're all science. All space exploration everything we do in the world is about imagination in using your creativity to expand beyond your the Obama join us next time for the story of another
Dana Perino on Developing Her Own Voice
"After spending seven years in the Bush administration rising to press secretary Dana Perino had become comfortable speaking speaking on behalf of others including the forty third president but she transitioned into roles on Fox News after the White House Dana develop her own voice who cared what I thought I could tell you what President Bush thought and why he thought that are how we got to that decision and I was very comfortable in that role on the first episode of Season Season Two of the strategic wrist Dana Talks about how she always remembers to focus on the good news how she deals with social media trolls and how her career in country music is progressing. I'm Andrew Kaufman and this strategic presented by the George Bush Institute what happens when you cross the forty third president late night sketch comedy and compelling conversation. The strategic has a podcast born from the word strategically which was coined by the now and embraced by the George Bush administration station we highlight the Americans feared of leadership and compassion through thought provoking conversations and we're reminded that the most effective leaders are the ones who laughed. We're joined for today's episode by Dana Perino former White House press secretary and now Fox News Co host the five host of the daily briefing Dana Perino podcast co host of I'll tell you what she's a bestselling author so you're pretty busy. Thank you for taking the the time to do this. This honored to be here. I I love coming here to the Bush Center. It's whenever you step in that front door. It's like wow this place is beautiful. Thank you for saying that and doing such great work thank Q. and our co host is Hannah Avni your friend and VP of external affairs. She's back again Hannah. Thank you for doing it again. Thank you for having me again Andrew so Dana you so you recently you're now we're recording artist as well. Gaza May dierks dirks a Dirks Bentley superfan right. I yeah superfan Fan. Also I get to call him a friend now to happens if you stock long enough so. Do you think he's going to invite you to be on a song the backup side when you have a number one song in the world. It's kind of like you. I don't need to really do it again. I don't think but it's pretty funny when I worked at the White House. Well let me go way back when I I was in college and I thought I wanted to go into media back then if you wanted to get into TV you had to start in radio and I didn't want to have to do my radio experience after right graduated so I got a job part time job as a country music. Dj working overnight and Pueblo Colorado and I ah I didn't really I had grown up in the West but I had really listen to country music when I was a teenager I didn't really do that so I was completely out of it I I I introduced the first night a song by Tracy Lawrence and I said and here she is with their new Song Tracy Lawrence and then of course raises Lawrence's a man uh-huh tricky. I we have to do so fast forward and during the years at the White House. I don't think I listen to any music back at all. I didn't even have an IPOD when we left. That was the technology at the time I had nothing I listen to. NPR or whatever else was happening rush limbaugh or something so Kakitumba on the news and so when I left the White House or when we all left the White House I got an ipod I guess it was and I used to travel back and forth to to New York a lot and I just started downloading country music and Dirk Bentley Song Come. A little closer was out at the time China so that's how we became a fan. Would you like to sing a little bit of but I do have the worst voice but the other thing you're talking about is I don't I'm blessed with having lots of ideas and not a lot of time to execute however so in two thousand sixteen the five went on a bus trip to go conventions. RNC Indian say and at one point in the back of the bus Greg Gut failed and I were sitting there and he was making me laugh so hard because he was just making up nonsense country songs about the five about Fox News about everything and he just had me giggling so much and I said we should should go to Nashville and record a song about the five and record it with a real recording artists and then release it for charity so three years later it came true. We have a wonderful executive producer of the five called Megan Albano. She figured it out we teamed up John Rich from big and rich who is a wonderful person big fan of forty three's as well and we went to Nashville and in one take he's saying the song that we sang the backup part. It's called Oh shut up about politics and it's not about shutting any particular person up. It was just about how politics has entered into everything sports music music theater technology. Everything's just too much and so we have a song called shut up about politics. We released it and within two hours it was number one on the country charts and then and that whole weekend it was number one in the world bigger than Lady Gaga Justin Bieber it was astounding. It's amazing it was amazing and all the proceeds go to folds of honor so we're pretty proud of it. Ninety nine cents you can download it on full. Honor does great work. We've done incredible work. We're familiar with there were pretty well and they're just such great such a great organization. That was pretty fun fun. I have a question for you off of that. Though I mean you're right politics is in absolutely everything you cannot get away from it and we talk about that a lot too. I mean even when you're going through Instagram instagram stories. It's just permeates every bit of it. It's in your life obviously multiple times a day. How do you get away from politics and focus on the thing? I feel a little a lot better than I did even from a few years ago because I've really embodied this idea that politics is what I do. It is not who I am and I have carved off my weekends and my evenings when I'm not working but but I don't go to dinner to talk about politics with people unless I agree with them now. That's GonNa sound like Oh that's not very fair and balanced view but I argue all day long and so in my personal life I pretty much. Don't I have a rule that I wrote about in the in the Jasper book which is no politics at the dog park. You're that's a safe place for me and if and even people that WanNa talk to me about politics at the Dog Park Mike Sorry I don't talk politics at the dog park. I have a policy and then laugh about it and they move on and I also carry a lot less about social media than I did. In Two thousand sixteen. I was really attacked by the Russians. Even though I didn't know as Russians at the time I remember actually coming here to the Bush Center right before the two thousand sixteen election. I can't remember what I was doing and AH chance to see President Bush and he's how you doing and I told him I had the worst professional summer of my life you know being attack and I was really kind of in the fetal position under my desk and even like my husband would say how can I help you. There's there's nothing you can do and it gave me a big appreciation for what parents are going through when their children are consumed assumed with their phone because you don't know what's being said and it's so demoralizing I was a grown woman. I've been the White House press secretary. How could this affect me so much and and I remember President Bush saying? Why didn't you call me like a really imagine if I had called President Bush and said Sir people are being really mean to me on twitter he would have said get off twitter on it solved this one's easy and actually it is easy so once you step away from from it or somebody gave me a tip to only have mentioned from people that you follow and Eric Schmidt of Google actually pulled me aside at one point in two thousand seventeen as I was explaining what it was like to be one of the people that was targeted by these Russian boots but I didn't know they were rushing at the time I just said it's overwhelming and he pulled me aside Dana? These are not real people and you explain to me how the whole system worked in Saint Petersburg and I don't know that just gave me an ability to say it doesn't matter. It just doesn't matter no so I it's weird to say that as much as politics permeating everything for me. It's probably less a part of my life than in the previous elections that I've covered for Fox. Was it similar to how you regrouped. After you left the White House taking a breath stepping away from it no not really I mean I remember the day that we'd left Andrews Air Force Base and Peter and I left to go on the trip to Africa. I leaned my head back against is the seat and I said nothing I do for the rest of my life will ever be that important or that hard and it's really true when I make a comment now. I'm not gotTA START A war. I also have a great appreciation for what public servants go through and I want to support deport them. No matter what party they're from if you're willing to put your self out there and run for office and try to do the right thing I try to be supportive. Okay talk to us about mercyships touch. You talked about a little bit when you left the West so interesting about mercy ships. There's actually a Bush connection there too okay so obviously President Bush and Mrs Bush were amazing leaders. When it came to Africa I I got to go to Africa with them? In February of two thousand eight and in typical forty-three fashion we did five countries in seven days. I got my first migraine. I couldn't even go to the Kigali event because I had to stay on the plane and two liters of fluid into my arm and so I didn't get to go to the and and I've been sad about not making it to Rwanda ever since given the statistics about pep far so many times at the podium that I thought I understood Africa and then I was just totally blown away when I went there and I came back and I said Peter we need to go for six months after the White House and he said how about six weeks so we did six weeks compromise and yeah so we did a pet farsight that's on in Fishhook South Africa and Peter and I just had this confusing time and that did help us reset our priorities and our hearts and to reconnect as a couple as well because we're so blessed here in America and you can get caught up in what about me. What am I gonNa do to the White House and just being able to have a bigger world view? After I left was great great fast forward mercy ships asked me through my speakers bureau if I would come to Dallas and moderate a conversation between the president and Mrs Bush in front of their dinner group so I said well sure that sounds great so peter and I were coming down here now prior to that I had join the one campaigns women advisory board and I had gone to several countries with them. I had also been on the Broadcasting Board of Governors under President Obama and I'd gone to Africa on behalf of of that organization as well trying to increase the amount of content of for women in particular and Africa because we found that men will definitely listen to the radio for news in sports but women will listen if it's about health and their kids so anyway it's just little bit of an effort to do that so at the dinner right before the Q. One eight with the president and Mrs Bush. I'm sitting there and somebody says well. Why did you get interested in Africa so I'm telling him than soul story that I'm telling you and then I I said just a few months ago I got to go to Sierra Leone and I went to this place called the Aberdeen Clinic and it was started by Scottish heiress us and it's so amazing they were doing fistula surgeries there and the day I was there? They were teaching the women there how to count to ten and the lady next to me said Oh she's not a Scottish heiress. Her name is Ann Gloag and she's sitting right behind you. This is a self made businesswoman in Scotland who was a burn unit nurse for twenty years but then she and her brothers started a bussing service in the UK when Margaret Thatcher deregulated the transportation sector and they became very successful and as the company expanded she took Africa and and when she got there she said this will never do so she started doing all of this philanthropy there and that's how I ended up talking to her and I said to Peter we have to go see mercy mercy ships for ourselves so that's how we got involved and it's a surgical hospital ship they do the West Coast of Africa that night they were kicking off a capital campaign for a brand new ship because they I usually retrofit and old ship and
Why the exclusion of women from data matters
"Treating men as the default. Human and economic planning is not only costly for society for the practice can also be deadly for women when applied to things like medical trials. This is the case made by Caroline creo. Peres in new book invisible. Women exposing data bias in a world designed for men Fritz student talk to business editor Sarah, Gordon about the arguments put forward. Sarah tennis this book by Caroline created Peres invisible. Women what exactly is the problem that she's seeking to diagnose we've heard about quite a lot and you've written extensively on things like the gender pay gap. But this is a different aspect of the gap between men and women. Yes. Yes. I mean, what she's to hear about is the gender data gap, which she defines as the absence of women in a whole range of databases, which then affect resource allocation and policy decisions in healthcare in call design in disaster relief in a is so cheap not only gone as the evidence of that absence. But then talks about what the consequences are. And in some cases, the consequences are really serious. I mean, and then some extraordinary examples that I have confess personally, I wouldn't have thought of. I mean, it's everything from. How seatbelts might be designed to medical equipment how it's calibrated? But even an examp-, which are the you deployed in your review of the book about how you plan for clearing of snow. I mean, it's extraordinary the range of of s where this is prominent. Yes, the snow clearing. One is a very good example. It's a town in Sweden which decided to include women in the data that used to decide its nuclear policies. They wanted to done is it had prioritized clearing. Snow? I from the roads before getting to the pavements, and it looked at patents of accident and injury in winter snowfall situations, which in Sweden on many and decided to reverse that priority. So to clear the pavements rather than the roads. Now that not only benefited women in one particular way in that there were more women on the pavements than on the roads and women. On the pavements were also suffering more than men on the roads in the sense that pushing a buggy or a shopping call talk being an elderly woman and walking on a pavement. It turns out. His actually more dangerous. Are you're more likely to be injured than driving a car through the snow? So number one benefited women, but it actually also benefited the public purse because what they found is that the cost of injury accident emergency admissions lost work time in terms of broken bones. Whatever that actually they made a huge saving just by reversing that policy priority. And that's one of the examples that she uses to look at the positive benefits of including women in the data. But what she does more of in the book whose look at the whole range of negative consequences from excluding them and some of these are actually life threatening. I mean, we talked about seatbelts. It gets worse. Yes. So the car design chapter is. Pretty shocking in the sense that driving seats all designed predominantly for the male body. And indeed creo Peres talks a lot about this idea of the default human, and the default human, of course, is not just a man, it's also a white, man. So what she also points out is that the ethnic gender data gap is even larger than just the gender date gap. But one of the things I found my shocking was the healthcare chapter. So in some cases, because a lot of healthcare databases that mainly men there, actually, mainly young men who take part in a lot of clinical trials, one of the reasons is their availability. But another is that women are simply too variable. She has this tastic phrase, which she takes from Henry Higgins in my fair lady. Which is why Konta women be more like command, which is a song. That Henry Higgins sings in the musical my fair lady. And this is one of the root causes for the problems. With healthcare data is that women all as they are all is actually easier to measure, male healthcare indicators. Anyway, the consequences of this are that for example, in the US the level of haunt activity at which you have a pacemaker fitted has been set based on male data. It should be lower for women, and therefore women are not having pacemakers fitted in situations where the loaves could actually be saved because of it. So the gen dictator gap. She oak us doesn't just have consequences for urban planning or whatever it's actually in some cases fatal for women. I'm one of the other really interesting what she did was around disaster relief and the response to the Ebola epidemic in Sierra Leone in and she talks about the fact that a lot of the age was in the form of food aid, the food aid went into the quarantine dare is but people providing it didn't think to provide the fuel. So women who cook the food. We're going out of the quarantined areas to get the fuel to cook the food that was being brought into the quarantine dares to stop them leaving it, and of course, spreading the disease by doing. So I gather she also goes beyond the human if you like to also look at how this system if you like is being now extended into the world of AI algorithms also with negative consequences. It's very interesting book. But this is probably the most interesting, and I think also the most important message in her book is that what she argues that the situation the gender data gap is not just there. It's actually worsening wealth of an improving and one of the examples she gives for that is a I and the databases on which is based for example, the software that's used to scan CV's. She gives the example of a software platform cool guild, which does the first sweep of CV's for technology companies to that employee. All. An interview software coders, and it has decided the software has decided that a particularly strong predictor of coating power is how much time you spend on a certain Japanese online manga site now as you doubtless know manga saw its are not female friendly for lots of reasons also women research shows have less spur time to go on line gaming. Yeah. That's your line and you'll sticking to it. And therefore, the that's being used to preselect potential candidates is already excluding women from those databases. So what she's saying is that a in some instances is not just perpetuating biases. But actually amplifying them in science fascinating. She's obviously done a lot of research and his diagnosing a lot of problems does she put forward solutions. How this could be redressed corrected. I mean is it possible to actually remove these biases easily? I mean, the bias is so broad ranging that she doesn't say that it's difficult to do that what she's proposing. And I think it's one of the reasons why it's a very good book. His because she makes the point that in most cases, this is not a wilful exclusion of women from research or from data. It's an absence a lack of presence, if you know what I mean, it's not willed. It's not malicious, and this it simply in many cases. Is that the often men who are collecting the data don't see what they're doing? So as much of this whole debate. And that's why it's relevant beyond just data is that it's about a recognition of the problem goes some way to solving the problem. And in fact, a lot of this is not rocket science. I mean thinking about for example, designing replacements for slum environments in Brazil, you don't just move apartment blocks. You move schools you move families. So that grandparents could go looking after children, you know, it's not rocket science as soon as you see it. It's completely obvious. What should be done, but you need to see it to do it. So I mean in summary. You would say this book is an important contribution to that. I mean, it certainly contained lots of information that I hadn't thought of myself was simply not aware of says interesting from that point view. But I also think it's very important for policymakers to read because as we know data guides resource, allocation and bad data means bad. Source on occasion. Sarah. Thank you very much. Thank
Sierra Leone Declares National Emergency Over Rape of Young Girls
"Thousand dollars, the president of Sierra Leone has officially declared rape and sexual violence and national emergency. He's also upgraded the maximum sentence for raping a minor to life in prison. The president of the small west African countries is hundreds of sexual attacks reported every month against women girls and even babies, but even more cases thought to go unreported, most of the survivors are
Sierra Leone declares national emergency over rape
"Just a warning that we're going to be talking about a subject now on Newsday. That many of you may find disturbing. It's the brutal rape for five year old girl by her uncle in Sierra Leone, which became the rallying point for a campaign that pushed president Julius mudder B o to declare the prevalence of sexual violence. A national emergency funding months of campaigning by activists. The president said those convicted of sexual offenses against mine is would face life in prison. He spoke to tomorrow for fun. The statistics. I searched that we just cannot access this to continue anymore. I was listening to a radio program. I called an immediate meeting and said we have to put a name to this madness. We have to get our heads around this this kind of allowed to continue tour because I mean, you're talking about minors. We've had fatalities as appearing to MS a father of this nation. I cannot allow this to continue we have to stop it. And we have to use every means of the law. I have said life imprisonment. So that people knew that it's just or next up. We have to stop it. People say that it has to be community driven people in particularly in rural areas have to be involved. I totally agree. We are going to engage up to community level school level up to family level. We really need. Everybody. The department you suction keystone. Jeez. The women leaders and everybody has to be on board. The structures are simply. Not there. There is no forensic expertise available in the country the police formula support units should be doing. This clearly departments is absolutely underfunded. How do you enter that? All of these things are done before this thing takes effect. We are going to put resources today's we are calling on our development partners and other people to come around. We are going to provide the where with all the forensic mobile forensic labs to establish beyond reasonable doubt that repass taking place because these have been some of the bottlenecks, but we are going to put the literary since this. We have a so one of the survivors was called upon to make a statement. She broke down to just couldn't see anything. And I looked at you. What was what in three reminding for the first time I had to fight back tears. Even when I was going to make the declaration. I stood for why? Because for me in my my wife is imagine nations. I just cannot believe that human. Beans who claim to be human beings con destroy babies as old as three months and look at an Ebola often being value again, this little car has new hope in the world again. So I just cannot understand how anybody can again fleets more injury on it traumatized young. Young girl like that for me. It is out of the
China Has Withheld Samples of a Dangerous Flu Virus
"That there is a six species Of, evola, did you guys know about, that did you know there were six. I I was kind of a little confused about that Yeah I guess scientists discover a six species I mean I knew there were a couple I didn't realize we were already. Up, to five such that six makes news But they say scientists have. Discovered a previously unknown species of evola virus called bomb Bob Bob Bali virus It's carried
Vaping Tied to Increase of Heart Attack Risk
"Now that could be bad news for those of you who vape smoking an e cigarette on a regular basis could double the risk of a halt attack. That's according to a study of seventy thousand people by the university of California San Francisco. The research also found that combined use of cigarettes and conventional cigarettes. The most common use pattern amongst e cigarette uses, appears to be mood dangerous than using either product alone. I had moved from senior author professes Stanton glance would people had hoped would be the case with cigarettes just because you don't set them on fire the way you do a cigarette, you would get many fewer dangerous chemicals and so he's cigarettes would be safer. And in fact, that's become a an article faith with many in England. But it turns out those ultra fine particles are themselves very dangerous. And especially in terms of heart had lung disease. And what we found is that. People use e cigarettes Ailey have nearly twice the risk of having a heart attack as people who don't smoke and don't use e cigarettes. We also find those risks or independent of the effects of smoking. So if you continue smoking cigarettes and using e cigarettes at the same time, which is the most common pattern, those two risk compound. And you have about five times odds of having a heart attack,