22 Burst results for "Shirley Chisholm"
"shirley chisholm" Discussed on This Day in History Class
"You've got to try oxy clean odor blasters for yourself to work your magic with oxy clean go to oxy dot com slash. Try me an order of free sample. That's oxy clean dot com slash t. r. y. m. e. for a free odor blaster sample while supplies last. Hbu homecoming season is here and ulta beauty. Iheartradio are partnering to shine light on the people and institutions that uplift black voices ideas in culture. Twenty twenty has surprised us in many ways. But it's important to remember that we can still celebrate ourselves and the people in our communities that includes celebrating our style. Our successes and our spirit tune into. I hurt videos youtube channel on november twelfth at three pm eastern time for a can't miss iheartradio beautiful possibilities panel presented by ulta beauty ulta beauty. The possibilities are beautiful. Everyone technically you're getting two days in history today because we're running two episodes from the history vault. You'll also hear to host me and tracy wilson hope you enjoy welcome to this day in history class from how stuff works dot com and from the desk of stuff. You missed in history class. It's the show where we explore the past one day at a time with quick. Look at what happened today in history alone. Welcome to the podcast. I'm tracy be wilson in its november fifth shirley chisolm became the first black woman elected to congress on the stay in nineteen sixty eight. She was the oldest daughter of charles and ruby saint hill and they were immigrants from the caribbean. She spent about seven years of her childhood living in barbados she had been born in the united states but for economic and financial reasons her parents sent her and her sisters to live with her grandmother and be raised by an aunt when they were small. Her parents wanted all of their children to go to college and they wanted to own their own home but they just couldn't make ends meet and that was why they had sent the children barbados for a few years. The schools in the british colony of were another reason. Ruby saint hill thought that their daughters would have a better education that was focused on the fundamentals of reading and writing and arithmetic. Back in barbados. They returned to new york when shirley was about ten and she had some trouble adjusting she was put into a third grade class which was a lot too young for her and not really challenging at all she was way beyond that in her coursework but because she was mostly doing well in reading writing and arithmetic while naturally because she hadn't been living in the united states not really caught up on us history or geography. And that's why she was put into a younger grade. She got tutoring though and she went on to really excel when she graduated from high school. She had scholarships to vassar oberlin college. But she couldn't afford the room and board so instead she went to brooklyn college and after graduating from there went into early childhood education. She participated in her first political campaign in nineteen fifty three that was the campaign of lewis s flag junior to become the first black judge in brooklyn but she was frustrated with how women were being treated in politics. A lot of women were very active and political organizations and the problem was they were really being relegated tasks like cleaning up and making food and arranging social events not on things like making policy or being the ones running for the office so that changed for her in nineteen sixty four when she ran for state representative she won and served for two terms then in nineteen sixty eight. A court ordered reapportionment created a new congressional district in new york. It was centered on shirley. Chisolm 's neighborhood of bedford. Stuyvesant and this newly created thirteenth district was majority black. It also had a large puerto rican population so it was pretty much taken for granted that whoever was elected from this brand new district was probably going to be black was also pretty much taken for granted that it was going to be a man however shirley chisolm i won the democratic primary and then her opponent in the general election was james farmer he was running on both the republican and liberal party tickets. He was the former head of the congress of racial equality or core as well. As one of its founders. He had helped organize and participated in the freedom rides and he'd a lot of other people thought his election was a sure thing though. His campaign really focused on gender. Because when it came to actual issues he and shirley chisolm agreed on a lot of things so he presented himself as a strong man who was really needed in washington while saying that she was just some schoolteacher. Eighty was not the only person that was focused on her gender the new york times headline during their campaign farmer and woman in lively stuyvesant race however though shirley chisolm leaned on her record a state representative in albany see pointed back to all the work that she had done to really benefit the people of brooklyn she reached out specifically to women about women's issues and women outnumbered men in the district when it came to registered voters by about three thousand people. She also spoke fluent spanish so she reached directly out to the district's puerto rican community herself on november fifth nineteen sixty eight. She won that election against james farmer. Thirty four thousand eight hundred and eighty five to thirteen thousand seven hundred seventy seven. She went on to serve seven terms in congress and she also ran for president in nineteen seventy-two. She didn't win the presidential nomination but she did help. Open the door for other candidates like her. You can learn more about shirley chisolm in the november fifth twenty. Eighteen episode of you missed in history class. That is the same day as this episode is coming out. So if you're one of the folks who listens to this day in history class the minute it drops the other one might not quite be published yet. Thanks so much. Casey p graham and chandler maze for their audio work on the show. And you can subscribe to this day in history class on apple. Podcasts google podcasts. And where else get your podcasts. And you can tune in tomorrow for a denunciation of a massive injustice this hpc you homecoming season ulta beauty in iheart. Radio are partnering to shine light on the people in institutions that uplift black voices ideas and culture in the spirit of community support in growth iheartradio and ulta beauty are bringing together important conversations around leadership business and beauty because despite the fact that twenty twenty has tried to cancel everything we can still celebrate ourselves and the people in our communities. There's beauty in tradition and there's beauty innovation and progress that means amplifying the stories of success persistence and joy that are at the heart of the past. And present of hughes tune into iheartradio's youtube channel on november twelve th at three pm eastern time for a can't miss iheartradio beautiful possibilities panel presented by ulta beauty ulta beauty. The possibilities are beautiful wise to do sleep number three sixty mark your answer to better health and wellness. It's proven quality. Sleep anymore questions yes. I'm always freezing. And he overheats. Its temperature-balancing so you can sleep better together. Can you help keep asleep it senses. Your movements automatically adjust. Keep you effortlessly comfortable. I'll have more energy for yoga. Yes proven quality. Sleep is life changing. Sleep day stay to you too and now save two thousand dollars on the new sleep number. Three sixty smart bet and adjustable base only for a limited time to learn more go to sleepnumber dot com. Hi everyone. I'm eve's welcome to this day in history class a show that will convince you that history can be fascinating even when you expected not to me..
Helen Reddy: 'I Am Woman, Hear Me Roar' Singer Dies at 78
"Year before Helen Reddy was diagnosed with dementia, the singer explained in an interview with Houston Public media. Where I am woman came from, I guess Heaven, you know came to me and it wouldn't leave me was simply a phrase that over and over I am strong. I am invincible. I am woman. And I thought, Well, this is has to be a soul. I am woman. Hear me roar in numbers too big to ignore Helen Reddy this sport into a show business family in Australia. She came to the US after winning a singing competition in 1966. Her career was just beginning to take off when she decided she had to record I am woman, even though her label Capitol Records thought it was too strident to feminists ready, and her manager husband, more convinced the song would speak to a new generation of independent woman. Without any support from the label. They worked the phones trying to get radio stations to play it. It was so hard it was so hard, Helen Reddy and that 2014 interview. You know, so many radio stations would say, Well, we're we're already playing a female record. It took nearly a year for I'm women to work its way up the charts and become a number one hit. When ready, then won a Grammy for best female performance. She thanked her manager husband, I would like to thank Jeff wrong because he makes my success possible. And I would like to thank God because she makes everything possible, calling God she a national television was audacious. But remember, this was 1972. The same year, the Equal Rights Amendment passed the Senate and Shirley Chisholm ran for president. The Supreme Court made its decision in Roe vs Wade just a month after I am Woman reached number one on and I am women has legs over the years has been covered over and over with the cultural impact Illustrated in part by the gleeful karaoke version, sung by the main characters in the 2010 movie sex in the city, too. For recently Helen Reddy herself perform the song at the 2017 Women's March in Los Angeles. I wass but its ways. Yes, right. But look how much game Hindu and Helen Reddy's love memorialized in a movie that came out just this year, a biopic called, Of Course I Am Woman for Signature Song reflected optimism and joy in a time of challenge change difficulty. She leaves us joy and optimism in her music. It is
Zendaya is the youngest Emmys lead drama actress winner
"Entertaining 2020 Emmys kicked off with a bang when the beloved comedy This is its title, Not a swear word s C H. I T. T S Creek broker record by winning seven Primetime Emmys in the comedy categories, including writing best comedy plus completely sweeping all the acting awards. Zendaya also made history a 20 for becoming the youngest winner of the best lead actress in a drama for her portrayal of ruin the HBO Siri's euphoria and the acclaimed limited Siri's watchman, also one big taking home. The award for best limited Siri's, as well as acting awards for Yaya Abdul Mateen, the second and Regina King. King wore a Briana Taylor T shirt, as did Yuzu Aduba, who won for playing Shirley Chisholm and Mrs America and all the favorite succession walked away with best drama. Okay, now that we've celebrated all that great
A sweep for ‘Schitt’s Creek,’ ‘Succession’ tops Emmy Awards
"It was about TV to be sure but last night's Emmys will also about politics and social justice here's what blankets star Anthony Anderson got any host Jimmy Kimmel to echo the call for an end to police brutality others needed no prodding at all like Regina king of watchman who had a simple message for viewers got a vote I would be remiss not to mention that both king and lose I do both won supporting actress for playing Shirley Chisholm and Mrs America what T. shirts honoring Brianna Taylor the black woman in Louisville Kentucky shot to death by police in her home during a botched drug raid I'm Oscar wells Gabriel
Freedom Summer: Barbara Lee
"In June nineteen sixty four freedom summer also known as the Mississippi Summer Project was a volunteer campaign across America to attempt to register as many black American voters as possible in Mississippi. News coverage of freedom summer shed a light on the white supremacy and police brutality that black Americans face. We. Don't Tuesday night the finding of three bodies in graves at the site of a damn near Philadelphia Mississippi where three civil rights workers disappeared six weeks ago. Over the past few weeks we have been experiencing another freedom summer. Minnesota are saying to people in New York two people in California to people in Memphis to people all across this nation enough is enough cell phone videos and social media are once again providing glaring spotlight on the inequities and injustice that are woven into the fabric of American society. In this special season of the browns to politics, we are diving into the past in how is impacting our present and future. For protests to political campaigns and youth involvement change is in the air and the fight for liberation continues. We'll be hearing from some of the Black Women at the forefront at today's movement who are fighting for change in making history to ensure that we have justice for all. Her name was even floated as a potential. VP. Pick for Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden's. It is no surprise that would ever congress is debating issues of equity and justice. Congress will lease voice is one of the strongest and most prominent today we talk about her work as a college student, a member of the Black Panther Party and what Congress is, do we to fight systems of oppression to reshape reimagined our political world? Congresswoman Barbara Lee thank you so much for joining us and happy belated birthday. Breaking very good happy with you. I'm really excited to talk to you today and for our listeners, the congresswoman is such a legend and all of her work that she has done in. Congress over the years especially for Black Brown and indigenous communities by I have to ask you this question because it's something that I just wanted to talk to you about for so long is. You were a part of the Black Panthers. What was it like being? Black Panther I actually was not a member of the Black Panther Party I was what they call the community worker community workers had a lot of responsibilities as the Black Panther. Party. Members and remember the Black Panther Party began as a result of police Gupta brutality and the African American community. I mean. They stood down the police because things, police, murders, police Retali- as we know now were occurring then and they were the first organization that really took the police on, and so it was out of that that the Black Panther party formed, there's the Bible programs because it was not only an organization that address police brutality, but it was an organization that addresses chemic-. Racism and poverty. and. So what I did, and which was really phenomenal work and I was a single mother on public assistance with two little boys. I helped sell newspapers like math a newspaper on street corners I actually participated in the breakfast program for children who didn't have whose parents didn't have enough money to buy food and that's actually the breakfast programs from the federal government. Actually. Started as a result of the of the models that the Black Panther party you. I also really worked with you. He knew then did the research on his book Revolutionary Suicide. It was really phenomenal project I got to know Huey Newton Bobby Seale, Elaine Brown, Erica Huggins Joan Kelly, who just passed away and many of the leadership of the black. Panther party because community worker and student I was very involved in a lot of the work with party members. I actually brought Shirley Chisholm got involved in politics through the first presidential the first. Time. A black woman ran for president and that was sure children who was the first African American woman elected to Congress and so the Black Student Union president I invited her to come to milk college where I was attending and I got involved in her campaign by herb insisting that I register the vote and I had a class go because I didn't WanNa work in any of those campaigns. Well, bottom line is working her campaign and got the Black Panther party really involved in voter registration efforts. I. Was the one that went and asked Huey Noonan Bobby Seale to consider becoming politically active around early Chisholm campaign and they did. So I worked on all phases of the black. Panther. Party and all the different divisions I actually bag groceries. You know the panthers had a whole ten point program which again, the Free Breakfast program for the kids They started the Community Health Center Movement by instituting the George Jackson free medical clinic they did sickle cell tests. In fact, there was the Black Panther party that raises awareness about sickle cell disease as a as a disproportionate impact African Americans Fast Board Twenty Twenty people in the African American community and Black and Brown news still struggling disproportionately as it related to food security food desert healthcare disparities, unequal education. I. Helped. Start. Actually I wrote the first proposals for the Black Panther Party community learning center. They establish a Black Panther party school and so I was very instrumental in working on that project. So I did a lot of work with the Black Panther Party and I can just speak to how phenomenal they were and how necessary they were and how we should as we move forward. You know there's this Symbol in a gun and Andy. In government in Ghana called and Copeland. If the bird beautiful bird looking back holding an egg in her mouth and like in order to move forward in order to blackboard and you have to look back, we have to know our history we know where we've been and we have to build upon that so that we can move forward it. Now a wonderful young people in the Movement for Black, flags, or dreamers all the movements that are taking place are a continuation of what I see as the civil rights movement of of today, as well as what Black Panther Party actually started as it relates to stand down and and thing that that policing in our community. chain stop disproportionate killing black, and Brown people
"shirley chisholm" Discussed on Minority Korner
"But the reason that I got mad at Hillary's campaign because they act like she truly shows them didn't exist. This is literally the first woman to run for president and there's no acknowledgement by Hillary Clinton about the first woman to run for president like yeah hello. Feels like Shirley have been mentioned more on speeches and live like I watched the DNC and I don't think I remember hearing her name once I've heard Barack Obama say her name before yes. Yes. But everybody else ten tends to forget about her so we won't forget her on this show. We won't episode just for US Shirley Okay. So she's the daughter of immigrants from British. Guyana, which is where my family's from in also Barbados, which is where we honest from. Basically. She spent her time going back and forth between Brooklyn and Barbados. She received her Ba from Brooklyn College in Nineteen forty-six and her MA in education from. Columbia in Nineteen fifty two. She did that always while serving as the director of the friends day nursery and also while she was teaching nursery school and since those numbers are might be kind of jumbled I just WanNa point out that she was twenty eight when she was doing. My head can't handle this because I like, Oh, I have no excuses to not be amazing. Fabulous like. This is also nineteen forty-six where they were like boo women and Boo black people especially black women. Yeah and also Putin's. So she's like holding all of this shit down I know we have no excuse we well or just you know why we have no excuse for not praising this woman leg yacht that hell you know. Huge. So in addition to getting her masters from Columbia Teaching and serving as the director of the school when she was twenty eight she is also that education could consultant to the New York City's daycare division, her districts unity she was a part of her district unity. Club and to a super active in the N. double ACP. Yeah. I know wild. So at the age of forty, she entered into politics and she did that by representing the Brooklyn district in State legislator from nineteen, sixty, four to nineteen, sixty, eight in nineteen, sixty eight she was elected to the US House of Representatives when she was when she. First started her job..
"shirley chisholm" Discussed on QuaranTEEN
"At the Sundance Film Festival and she doesn't. Four on April ninth. Two dozen six to film was announced as winner of peabody award. Into, dozen fourteen. The first adult biography of his was published Shirley Chisholm Catalyst for Change Brooklyn College history professor. Barbara winslow was who was also the founder and first director of the show his on project. Publish this. Until, then only seven several juvenile biographies at appeared. Chisholm speech for the equal rights amendment given a nineteen seventy as listed as number ninety one in America's American rhetoric talk one hundred species speeches of the twentieth century. So It's really amazing things. And she just paved the way for other African, American woman along with just African Americans or women in general because of all of the minorities she served with she just really became so important and influential, and I really look up to her today. Of, so now we're GONNA. Read some fun facts from mental floss dot. Com You? GotTa ended off a little bit fun and so. Because that, she had grown up as a young child in Barbados. She actually had a slight English accent. Odd I know. And then hold on. Trying to find another one that we haven't already discussed. She had a way with words and established herself as outspoken and ready for change early in her first term. Definitely. Her presidential campaign was unexpected and historic. The campaign trail is full challenges. Should an unlikely supporter George Wallace. Following retirement didn't slow down which already learned. She continues to garner accolades for her trailblazing work, so she was inducted into the national woman fame in Nineteen ninety-three in two thousand fourteen, the US Postal Service debuted the surely Chisholm forever stamp as part of the black heritage series a year later. President Barack Obama post humorously. Awarded Hertie Presidential Medal of Freedom, and now by Davis will start movie about her life, but never doubted what legacy she wanted to leave behind one saying I want his Serta, remember me now was the first black woman to have made a bid for the presidency of the United States, but is a black woman who lived in the twentieth century dared to be herself. I want to be remembered as a catalyst for.
"shirley chisholm" Discussed on QuaranTEEN
"At? I'M GONNA I. Don't know what to call this upset because. I mean I don't call it short some, but essentially I'm trying to do a specific episode. I just WanNa, take quotes, just direct quotes, the entire time from different upset, because those are the ones I can throw the really fit, fast and there. It's basically just compiling. All the information could find on the Internet, and like fifteen minutes of your on the go. You can listen, and it's like channel that you didn't have to do research yourself somebody else. Just read it to you. So, this is just one of those, so there's none of my own like speaking or anything so I had. Together really fast, but enjoy now the upset. Service is the rent we pay for the privilege of living on this earth. That is my favorite quote from Shirley Chisholm. Shirley need a Saint Hill was born on November. Thirtieth Nineteen, twenty, four in Brooklyn New York to immigrant parents from the Caribbean region. She had three younger sisters to born within three years of Saint Hill, and one later, her father Charles Christopher Saint. Hill was born. In British CANEA cuts mispronounced before moving to Betas, he arrived in new. York City the MTA Cuba in Nineteen, twenty-three. Her mother reveal was born in Christ church. Barbados arrived in new. York, city and nineteen twenty one. That was a quick from Kapadia. When she was three years old Shirley was sent to live with her grandmother on a farm. A former British colony in the West indies, she received much of primary education in the Barbadian school system, which stressed the traditional British teachings of reading writing history. Chisholm credits much for educational successes to this round early education. When she was ten years old, she returned to New York during the height of the Great. So nineteen, twenty, nine to nineteen, thirty nine. The Great Depression was a time of severe economic hardship where many people in the United States were unemployed life was not easy for the New York, and surely as parents sacrificed much for their children. Chisholm attended Newark. Public Schools was able to compete well in the mainly white classrooms. She attended girls. High School in Bedford, Stu via Sant- definitely right as section of Brooklyn. Chisholm one tuition scholarships to several distinguished colleges, but was unable to afford the room and board. At the urging of her parents, she decided to live at home and attend to Brooklyn College. Thank you, encyclopedia world. There's another quote from women's history. She graduated from Brooklyn Girls High School in Nineteen Forty, two in Brooklyn College cume Laude, and Nineteen forty-six, or she won prizes on the debate team. All the professors encouraged her to consider a political career. She replied that she faced a double handicapped double handicap. Sorry as both black and female. While training to be a teacher Chisholm Which? At Columbia University Chisholm began became active in several campus and community groups. She developed an interest in politics and learned the arts of. And fundraising soon she developed a deep resentment toward the woman. The role of women in local politics, which at the time, consisted mostly of sand in the background and playing a secondary role to their male equals. Through campus politics and her work with the National, Association for the Advancement of colored people or the Naacp an organization that was formed in nineteen o nine to work for equal rights for African Americans Chisholm a way to voice her opinions about economic and social structures in a rapidly changing nation. and that was another quote from the Encyclopedia World Biography. Here from Kapadia? Chisholm entered the world of politics and nineteen fifty three when she joined Wesley Mac holders effort to elect Lewis Flag Junior to the bench as the first black judge in Brooklyn the flag election group has formed into the Belford Steve on our again political league. Or The B., S., PEO-. The BS PL pushed candidates to support civil rights thought against racial discrimination in housing and sought to improve economic opportunities services in Brooklyn. To some eventually left the group around nineteen, fifty eight, after clashing with holder over his almost pushed to give female members of the group more input in decision making. She also worked as a volunteer for a white dominated political clubs in Brooklyn like the Brooklyn Democratic Clubs, and the League of women voters with the Political League. She was part of a committee that chose the recipient of its annual Brotherhood award choose also representative of the Brooklyn Branch of the National, Association of College Woman Furthermore with the politic within the political organizations. She joined Tim sought to make meaningful changes to the structure and makeup. The makeup of the organizations specifically Brooklyn Democratic Clubs, which resulted in her being able to recruit more people of color. Into the Seventeenth District Club Indus- local politics. We're GONNA take a quick break. Hey guys. We're GONNA. Take a quick break to talk about one of our amazing sponsors. knock-back knockback is a creative video game designed for one to four people in which you attempt to get rid of zombies as the owner says it knocked back as a physics sandbox that challenges you to ask yourself how many ways I store. This bays go ahead play with fire. Throw him into a building or a smash with a log rolling down a hill one a suck. 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"shirley chisholm" Discussed on Encyclopedia Womannica
"Hi this is jenny pressing pause on our regularly scheduled programing. Because what's happening right now is new, and not because we want to participate in a moment, we want to participate in the movement. We WanNA. Use whatever platform we have to drive change. This company was founded with the mission of amplifying underrepresented voices in my first interviews for Wfan I heard many women running for office. Talk about how the moral arc of the universe bends towards justice, but only if we make it. We each have responsibility to step up today, I wanNA pass along some of the resources and reflections I've been working on that I. Hope might be helpful for you to. If you're in a position to donate, please consider giving money to one of the following organizations or to an organization. That's meaningful for you. All include links to all of these in our episode notes the official George. Floyd, Memorial. Fund campaign zero, which is working to end police violence in America. The Ella Baker Center for Human Rights, which organizes funds in black and brown communities to go towards social programs rather than policing or other punitive activities and the black. Black lives matter movement I'd also encourage you to find a local political candidate. You believe in and give money to them to. There's a lot to read and watch and listen to I. Highly Recommend Black Feminist thought by Patricia, Hill, Collins and white fragility by Robin de Ngelo. I also recommend NPR's code switch and intersects. Analogy matters hosted by Kimberly Crenshaw who've previously highlighted on Encyclopedia Manteca I also recommend you watch thirteenth the Eva Devante, Film on Net flicks. I think it's incredibly important. We remember that the events of the last few weeks are not new. It's particularly important for those of us. Who are white? Americans to educate ourselves on these issues, not just this week. Will it's at the top of our news feeds, but every week I hope that you'll join me reflecting on how we can value black lives every day. Here are some questions I've been asking myself and my loved ones. WHAT BLACK STORYTELLERS DO I? Read or listen to do their works reflect. Reflect a diverse set of black life experiences. How many black podcasters filmmakers influencers too I regularly follow? How many black owned businesses do I regularly support? Are there close people in my life who do not support or understand? The black lives matter movement. How can I talk to them about it? As a registered voter am I. Supporting Candidates and platforms emphasize social justice. If you haven't registered to vote, why not? This week we're focusing in amplifying the stories of African American women who changed the course of history now and moving forward were also offering free ad space on wonder media network shows to organizations working towards social justice. If you want more information on any of what I've said, please email me at Jenny, at Wonder Media Network Dot Com now, let's look to Shirley Chisholm a trailblazer who continues to inspire political action today. Thank you for listening. I spend before you today as a candidate for the Democratic nomination for the presidency of the United States of America. From Wonder Media Network I'm Jenny. Kaplan and this is Encyclopedia Annika. St Years Ago, a woman who was determinedly unbought, an unbiased was elected to Congress. Today! We're talking about that. Audacious leader, the first. African American US Congresswoman Shirley Chisholm. I am not the candidate of black America although I am black and proud. I am not a candidate of the women's movement of country. Although I am a woman and I'm equally proud of that. Surely was born in Nineteen, twenty, four to to immigrant parents living in Brooklyn New York. Love of education began in elementary school on her parents sent Shirley and her brother to Betas to live with their grandmother. Shirley credited the strict British style schooling there and her grandmother for teaching her that she was valuable. She started her career as an elementary school teacher. In nineteen fifty one, she earned her masters degree in Early Childhood Education from Columbia University. She then consulted for the New York City Division of Daycare. From an early age, Shirley was aware of racial and gender inequalities, and as an adult, she became involved in the New York City chapters of the NWC p., the League of Women Voters, the Urban League and the Democratic Party. In nineteen, sixty four. She decided she wanted to do more than volunteer, so she threw her hat in the ring and became the first African. American, woman elected to the New York state assembly. Surely, just kept on making history in nineteen, sixty eight, she ran and won a seat in the US. House of Representatives becoming the first African American woman in Congress. I'm concerned, actually overdue. Get terribly excited about. She was outspoken and her advocacy soon gained her the nickname fighting Shirley. She spent seven terms in Congress where she fought for women and minorities introducing over fifty pieces of legislation on their behalf. Americans all fellow countrymen. One day confronting the judgement of history in our country. All God's children. And each of us is is precious, is the wheel of the most powerful, general or corporate millionaire? Shirley was the first black woman and the second women. Serve on the powerful House Rules Committee. And then again, she looked higher. In Nineteen seventy-two surely sought the Democratic nomination for president. Xi faced intense discrimination and was blocked from participating in televised primary debates after taking legal action, she was permitted to make just once. Attempts to stifle Shirley's power didn't stop her from earning sport of thousands of students, women and minorities. They joined her efforts on the Chisholm trail, and despite having an under-financed campaign Shirley was able to enter twelve primaries. She secured the votes of one hundred fifty two delegates. She didn't win, but she ran. An impressive campaign inspired many. In nineteen, eighty, three, surely retired from Congress, but she wasn't finished having an impact. She became a professor at Mount. Holyoke college and their CO founded the National Political Congress of black women. She passed away in two thousand and five. Surely Chisholm left an indelible mark on our nation. Own Tune in tomorrow when we head across the Atlantic for the story of another incredible pioneer. Special shout out to the one and only lizzy Caplan. My sister and the research fanatic behind this amazing collection of women. You Tomorrow..
"shirley chisholm" Discussed on Radio Diaries
"Happy <Speech_Male> <Advertisement> in the <Speech_Male> U._S.. <Advertisement> If <Speech_Male> you don't play <Advertisement> all <Speech_Music_Male> the TIME MM-HMM <Speech_Music_Male> I simply <Speech_Music_Male> leave <Advertisement> <Speech_Music_Male> right now. <Speech_Music_Male> <SpeakerChange> <Advertisement> President <Speech_Music_Male> Trump's <Advertisement> recent <Speech_Male> comments <Advertisement> to the squad <Speech_Male> didn't come <Speech_Male> out of nowhere. <Silence> The words go <Speech_Male> back home along <Speech_Male> legacy in America <Speech_Male> as a slur <Speech_Male> directed at Black Americans <Speech_Male> and emigrants <Speech_Male> <Silence> and fifty years ago <Speech_Male> during Shirley Chisholm <Speech_Male> first-year serving <Speech_Male> and congress <Speech_Male> she gave a speech at Howard <Speech_Male> University <Speech_Male> that almost sounds like <Speech_Male> she could be responding <Speech_Male> directly. Donald <Speech_Male> Trump's tweets <Silence> <SpeakerChange> how often <Speech_Female> nowadays we hear <Speech_Female> people <Advertisement> say <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> that <Speech_Female> we should go <Speech_Female> back to Africa. <Speech_Female> <Speech_Female> We should establish <Speech_Female> ourselves <Advertisement> in Africa <Speech_Female> <Speech_Female> or we <Speech_Female> should do a lot of other <Speech_Female> things <Speech_Female> <Speech_Male> people <SpeakerChange> want to go <Speech_Female> back to Africa <Speech_Female> or <Advertisement> people want <Speech_Female> to go to Africa. <Speech_Female> Just like people want <Speech_Female> to go copy Europe. <Speech_Music_Female> That's their own <Speech_Music_Female> personal business <Speech_Female> and you do <Speech_Female> it voluntarily. <Speech_Female> I don't intend <Speech_Female> to go Africa. <Speech_Female> I intend to stay here <Speech_Female> and fight <Speech_Female> because the blood sweat <Speech_Female> and tears <Speech_Female> of our forefathers <Speech_Female> are <Speech_Female> limited in the <Speech_Female> soil. All of this <Speech_Female> country <Speech_Female> became <Speech_Female> his shackled <Speech_Female> in chains <Speech_Female> <Speech_Female> <SpeakerChange> at <Speech_Female> our ankles <Speech_Female> are wrists <Speech_Female> <Speech_Female> and they were a cheap <Speech_Female> supply <Speech_Female> of labor <Speech_Female> <SpeakerChange> <Speech_Female> and be work <Speech_Male> we did <Speech_Male> many many <Speech_Male> things <SpeakerChange> <Speech_Male> are <Speech_Music_Female> roots ahead <Advertisement> <Speech_Music_Male> <Advertisement> our <Speech_Female> blood and our sweat <Speech_Female> tears <Advertisement> <Speech_Female> are here and <Speech_Music_Male> you're going to stay <Advertisement> here <Speech_Music_Male> <Advertisement> and we're going <Speech_Music_Female> to fight <SpeakerChange> <Advertisement> <Speech_Female> for <Advertisement> years. <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> <Speech_Female> Thousands <Advertisement> <Speech_Female> of people pulled <Advertisement> from the <Speech_Female> European <Advertisement> shores <Speech_Female> have been coming <Advertisement> to <Speech_Female> this land <Advertisement> <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> the came <Speech_Female> here hardly <Advertisement> able <Speech_Female> to speak <Advertisement> <Speech_Female> the English <Advertisement> language <Speech_Female> but <Speech_Female> they came here in a fire <Speech_Female> the technological <Speech_Female> know-how <Speech_Female> acquired <Speech_Female> necessary <Speech_Female> skills that enabled <Speech_Female> them to become Thomas simulated <Speech_Female> in the American culture <Speech_Female> and <Speech_Female> to move out <Speech_Female> and up <Speech_Female> into <Speech_Female> the American <Speech_Female> middle class <SpeakerChange> <Speech_Female> hardly speak <Advertisement> in English <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> <Speech_Music_Female> but <SpeakerChange> <Advertisement> we <Speech_Female> who have been <Speech_Music_Female> born <Speech_Female> here <Speech_Female> we who <Speech_Female> have been <Speech_Music_Female> sitting <Advertisement> in his by <Speech_Music_Female> birth <Advertisement> <Speech_Female> have <Advertisement> not <Speech_Female> been able <Advertisement> to become <Speech_Music_Female> fully I summer <Speech_Female> lay in the American <Speech_Female> culture <Speech_Female> because of <Speech_Female> an unmistakable <Speech_Female> and all <Speech_Female> those unsurmountable <Speech_Female> barrier <Speech_Female> that just will not <Speech_Female> disappear because <Speech_Female> does it disappear <Speech_Female> <SpeakerChange> <Speech_Female> <Speech_Music_Male> <Speech_Male> and so <Speech_Music_Female> it behooves <Speech_Music_Female> us <Speech_Music_Male> <Speech_Music_Female> the stadium here <Speech_Female> and to fight <Speech_Music_Female> <Speech_Music_Female> <SpeakerChange> <Music> and <Music> <Speech_Music_Male> Shirley <Speech_Music_Male> Chisholm speaking <Speech_Music_Male> at Howard University <Speech_Music_Male> in nineteen sixty nine <Speech_Music_Male> <Speech_Music_Male> in <Advertisement> one thousand nine hundred <Speech_Music_Male> two <Advertisement> after seven <Speech_Music_Male> terms <Advertisement> in Congress <Speech_Music_Male> <Advertisement> Shirley Chisholm <Speech_Music_Male> decided <Advertisement> not <Speech_Music_Male> to run for <Advertisement> reelection <Speech_Music_Male> <Speech_Music_Male> one of the reasons she said <Speech_Music_Male> was she had become <Advertisement> disillusioned <Speech_Music_Male> <Advertisement> with the polarization <Speech_Music_Male> <Advertisement> of U._S.. <Speech_Music_Male> Politics <Advertisement> <Speech_Music_Male> she died <Advertisement> in two thousand <Speech_Music_Male> five <Advertisement> <Speech_Music_Male> <Advertisement> <Speech_Music_Male> the story about Shirley Chisholm. <Speech_Music_Male> Presidential <Speech_Male> bid was produced by me <Speech_Male> Joe Richmond <Speech_Male> the Samara <Advertisement> Free Mark <Speech_Male> was edited <Advertisement> by Deborah <Speech_Male> George <Advertisement> Bench Bureau <Speech_Music_Male> Verse Series <Speech_Music_Male> Contenders Enters <Speech_Music_Male> the radars <Speech_Music_Male> podcast is proof <Speech_Music_Male> by Erik Kramer <Speech_Music_Male> with help from Nellie <Speech_Music_Male> Gillis and <Speech_Music_Male> we're
"shirley chisholm" Discussed on Stuff Mom Never Told You
"To college and one that changed the practice of revoking tenure for teachers who got pregnant so you can already. From the get-go at the state level Shirley's out to work for the people. Yeah. I the fact that so early in her career she's managing to accomplish. Things like this that this is what she's pushing for. And this will remain the type of thing that she pushes for throughout her political career. I mean, it just warms my cold, dead heart, basically. Yeah. And the thing is she's good at it. She's very good at what she's doing. So in nineteen sixty eight Shirley who is not one to just let history pass her by. She says, you know, what I want to run for congress. Yeah. Yeah. Exactly. And it's sort of a perfect storm of things that convince her to run because there had been this court ordered redistricting that had carved out a brand new Brooklyn district from her bed, Stein, abor hood, and the Democrats very specifically wanted to send an African American from this new district the twelfth district to the house of representatives. And so she launches her primary campaign, which she said was strenuous, and she used the slogan unbought and. Unbought and she set herself apart from her three competitors with a super personal up close and personal campaigning style. She even said, you have to let them feel you. She really got out there among the people and in addition to getting out there among the people. She also wrote around in an open truck with a loudspeaker. I love this. Yeah. She would ride around this truck announcing, ladies and gentlemen. This is fighting Shirley Chisholm coming through and people loved it. Yeah. And I would also like to note that unbought an unbiased would remain her campaign slogan. Yeah. What I really want after watching her documentary on Amazon, which is called, Shirley. No, which is called Chisholm seventy to unbutton on boss. I really want to get my hands on one of her campaign posters because it's got a picture of her with unbought on Boston. It's really cool. You know, that classic style. Well. Well, so when we get to the general election, she's a democrat and she's up against Republican opponent James farmer, who's a solid opponent. I mean, he was a big figure in the civil rights movement. He was the co founder of the congress for racial equality. He was an organizer as part of the freedom writers, and they even had similar views on education housing employment the Vietnam war. So like, how do you pick? How does she set herself apart? Well, I mean, she did it handily because surely ended up winning sixty seven percent of the vote and with that the distinction of being the first black woman elected to congress, and in this case gender was on her side. This would really be the only case gender would be on her side. But what happened was James farmer? This well respected African American man. Was arguing during the campaign that quote women have been in the driver's seat in black communities for too long, and that he was the right candidate because the district needed, quote, a man's voice in Washington and called her not only a little schoolteacher. But also Bossie. Oh, yeah. Oh and bossy female, so that's like total Emory language, right and Shirley's like, oh, that's how you wanna play. Okay. So she counters all of his sexism by highlighting discrimination against women. She also highlights the power of women's organizations in this country and also her own unique qualifications as being this really highly educated educator, and she also points out like, hey, yeah. Okay. Black men. Have been able to go to Washington. But what have what have you -ccomplish that? I can't I can accomplish more and it helped to that. She was from the neighborhood. I mean, she knew the people she was out in her truck. She lived there. She grew up there. Whereas she portrayed farmer as an outsider since he lived in Manhattan. And it also helped that surely was fluent in Spanish, so she would make a direct appeals to the growing Hispanic population in bed stuy, and it also helped of course that more than eighty percent of a neighborhood. We're registered Democrats. So she did have the side. But nonetheless, she one yes, she won. And it's incredible..
"shirley chisholm" Discussed on X96
"For president. Born you democrat tells good Morning America. She will enter the race. She is the country's second. If she was successful. She'd be the second African American to the office. She's the daughter of immigrant parents grew up in Oakland, California. I heard her though somebody. Had a microphone and said, yes, I'm running for president. And then she said in a non excited tone. I'm excited. I'm very excited. You don't sound that excited? But she's a first term Senator former California attorney general, and she was a prosecutor prosecuting attorney for many years in California. Fifty four years old. She's announcing making her announcement today on Martin Luther King day. And also this is the fortieth anniversary of the day that Shirley Chisholm announced her that she was running for president. She was an African American woman who ran for president in a made her announcement forty years ago today come reminds me of Shirley Chisholm quite a bit. This is an odd story. I thought of I thought I'd do the story because you, and I have been there Amsterdam's red light district. Guess favorite? Have you ever been to Amsterdam? I have yes. Well, the working girls say crowds of selfish will snapping tourists are ruining the red light district. People are honing in on their turf mugging for photo ops in front of their red light zone windows, all of those selfie takers have driven off paying customers, and they're putting the women at risk of unwanted social media exposure, it's the biggest free attraction park in the whole of Amsterdam says Fritz Reuven, oh Fritz a bookstore owner in the district who's friendly with the brothel brigade if they want to make a living they have to stand in the window. But there are many many men coming from England Scotland Ireland drunk screaming and trying to make pictures some prostitutes or put signs in their windows of a camera with a red line through it. The the city's first female mayor might have to but in finicky homes, Ma you said to be laying out measures to help sex workers escape snap. Happy gawkers by making a regulation that says no self fees in the red light district, so no selfish or just no photos. Well, probably have to go with both do the whole thing that's hard to police. Oh, well, they could though and this was kind of neat. Kind of interesting. I meant to bring it up during sports. Serena williams. Cruise to the round of sixteen of the Australian Open by beating eighteen year old Ukrainian Diana Yastrzemski on Saturday. She beat her six two six one in a sixty seven minute match in the third round was pretty easy win for after victory. The twenty three time grand slam champion noticed. How emotional the young woman was after her loss? She was crying, and wiping tears from her face. And Serena Williams went over to her and said and hugged her and said don't cry. You did really well against me. I'm Serena Williams. She said. You said you're just a teenager. She said, you're so young you played very well. Don't cry. You. You've got a great future. I'm the greatest athlete on the planet right now. Don't cry. I have much sympathy for the young teenager. I feel much like her in this moment. Tell she was very upset. I mean, kind of like that it showed that she wasn't there. Just to play a good match. She was there to win if she really wanted to win. But it broke my heart. She's a good talent. I could see she has great attitude, and she she said, so I just went over and hugged her and said, you're you're you're doing great don't worry about it. That's pretty cool. Whether.
"shirley chisholm" Discussed on WNYC 93.9 FM
"To my conscience into God for prove to any man to support me when I get up on the floor debate. I got into streets to fight once in congress. She introduced the equal rights movement and fought for child welfare food programs and benefits for domestic workers in one thousand nine hundred ninety two she was the first African American woman to campaign for the democratic nomination for president she lost to George McGovern, but said she hoped her candidacy had changed the face and future of American politics. Now, fifty years after her election to congress. The city has announced that a monument to Shirley Chisholm will be placed near the Parkside entrance to prospect park near the Brooklyn heights. She fought for as she said above all the fact that the people knew truly and deeply that Shirley Chisholm is one of the few unbought an unborn politicians in this country. And I'm very proud of it. I don't care what people wanted to take. The city says chisels monument will be installed by the end of twenty twenty time now for our documentary of the week from Tom powers and Rafael. Housing co founders of the dock NYC festival and pure nonfiction podcasts. Here's up with this week's pick the truth about killer. Robots is a new documentary that explores how science fiction has become science fact, and tracks cases, where artificial intelligence has deadly consequences tonight. Tesla confirming this car was in autopilot when it crashed in northern California killing the driver. Although it's still rare for robots to kill humans. The rate of robots killing jobs is rapidly increasing the film reveals this trend, not just in factories, but in places, you wouldn't expect lawyer Tim Wang wrote computer code to automate the preparation of legal documents. He started a law firm called robot robot, and weighing the.
President Trump, President And President Putin discussed on All Things Considered
"With the president of China this weekend. Both are locked in a multi-billion dollar trade war. Civil rights leaders say the indictment of four Saint Louis metropolitan police officers reveals a troubling mindset. Inside the department Saint Louis public radio's Rachel Lipman reports. The officers are facing federal charges for their roles in the assault of an undercover officer during a two thousand seventeen protests. The charges include excessive force obstruction of Justice and lying to a grand jury four officers have been suspended without pay the undercover detective was among hundreds of people arrested at downtown Saint Louis in September of last year. It was the third day of protests after a white for a police officer was acquitted of shooting and killing a black, man. That's Rachel Lipman reporting. This is NPR and I'm Jimmy Floyd for WNYC. Some New York City council. Members are introducing a Bill to make the government bidding process with corporations more transparent. The new law would prohibit officials from signing nondisclosure agreements with companies as happened in the Amazon deal councilmember Brad Lander says he feels that level of secrecy should not happen again. If the law had been in place, the city would have had to say we can't sign a non disco. Agreement. So there's two choices. We can make a bid, but it has to be public and people would be able to see it. The Bill is cosponsored by council members Monty Williams and Jimmy van Bremer atop regional Federal Housing administrator is calling for the arrest of three Niger officials after a report found they regularly lied about elevator. Inspections. Lynn Pat overseas region, two of the department of housing and urban development, which includes New York and New Jersey yesterday. She tweeted that the Niger employees should be jailed after they were charged with dozens of felony counts. For falsifying inspection reports. Daily news reporter, Greg Smith says Patten has little authority to pursue the case herself. She has almost nothing to do with this. I guess it's well intention that she does ask a question that is important. And that is did anybody higher up the ladder condone this behavior that isn't really important question. That's the most important question. Smith says the case will be handled by. The district attorney, and Shirley Chisholm story is coming to the big screen and Oscar winning actress viola Davis is bringing it to life. Davis is set to produce and star in a new film about Chisholm for Amazon studios called the fighting, Shirley Chisholm Chisholm, the first black woman ever elected to congress represented New York's twelfth district in the house of representatives from nineteen sixty nine to nine thousand nine hundred eighty three. She was also the first woman to seek the democratic party's presidential nomination in nineteen seventy-two Chisholm died in two thousand five at age eighty and we'll have a retrospective later on all things considered tonight. We've got a twenty percent chance of light rain, otherwise cloudy with a low around thirty four degrees. Currently forty two degrees and cloudy at four oh, six support for NPR comes from farmers insurance committed to helping people understand the ins and outs have insurance. So they can prepare for lives ups and downs. Coverage op. Options and more information can be found at farmers dot com. This is all things considered for men. PR news. I'm Mary Louise Kelley, and I'm Audie Cornish all is run. President Trump's first day the twenty summit in Argentina. He's working his way through a series of meetings. There Trump's visit comes on the heels of a big development and special counsel Robert Mueller's investigation a guilty plea by his former attorney Michael Cohen, and what it revealed about Trump's efforts to land a business deal with Russia during the two thousand sixteen campaign NPR White House correspondent tamra Keith is traveling with the president and joins us now from when his IRAs their town. Hey, ATI sometimes when a president goes overseas. The White House is trying to leave all the domestic troubles behind is that the case this time, the answer would seem to be no. And and the reason I say that is that President Trump was supposed to have a meeting here with Russian President Vladimir Putin, he abruptly cancelled that on the way to Argentina via tweet saying it was because of Russian aggression against Ukraine, but then this afternoon there were. Reports of a possibly an informal meeting happening between Trump and Putin. Those reports were being pushed from Russia and the White House put out a sort of an odd statement referring to the Mueller investigation. Sarah Sanders sent this along she said the Russian witch-hunt hoax, which is hopefully now nearing an end is doing very well. Unfortunately, it probably does undermine our relationship with Russia, which was not entirely the answer to the question that we were asking another way that we know that the president's thinking about it is that he's been tweeting about it from here in Argentina a little while ago. Reporter's got to ask the president questions, and and one of the questions was about why he cancelled his meeting with Putin. He insisted it was because of Ukraine, hopefully, they'll be able to settle it out. Flowers amazing with president. The basis of what took place. With respect to the ships, sailors that was the. In the meantime, what else has been going on at the g twenty one big thing that happened today was before the g twenty started a signing ceremony at the president's hotel with the leaders of Canada and Mexico signing the US MCA that is the trade deal that will replace NAFTA. One interesting note is that during remarks, President Trump and president Pineyro of Mexico. It was his last day on the job both referred to it as the US MCA, which is the preferred title that President Trump likes, but prime minister Trudeau kept calling it new NAFTA, even though President Trump does not like the term NAFTA at all. But you know, this is a notable moment because this is a step in the process of President Trump, keeping a campaign promise that said congress and legislatures in Mexico and Canada still need to sign off on this on another subject. The Saudi Crown prince Mohammad bin Salman is there. He's of course, been under scrutiny since the killing of journalist Jamal kashogi has he actually interacted with President Trump yet. So a White House official says that they just exchanged pleasantries that there was no discussion. This comes in pretty big contrast with a video that's been circulating of Russian President Putin, and m Bs exchanging sort of an intricate high five that looked very celebratory the president is under some scrutiny about this because he has questioned the CIA assessment that NBS ordered the killing of Jamal kashogi. That's NPR's tamra Keith tamra. Thank you. You're welcome. And we're going to start right there with the g twenty talks in Argentina for our regular week in politics chat. We also need to take stock of another wild week in the Russia investigation. David Brooks of the New York Times is here in the studio as he often has on Friday, David with you and Susan Glasser. The New Yorker, welcome to you. Thanks so much. So President Trump signed this new NAFTA deal today, except as we just heard we're not supposed to call it NAFTA anymore. That's controversial. We are referring to the United States Mexico Canada agreement the US MCA, Scott, I'm tempted to call it also maybe prospects for a trade deal or some sort of agreement with China that may be coming together down at the g twenty Susan. Let me start with you does this count as progress in a year where we have spent a lot more time talking about trade wars than trade deals. Well, look, I think President Trump made a decision to sort of pull back from the brink and to declare victory with the reincarnated NAFTA. Whatever you wanna call it, most experts, and I'm not one on this subject. Do believe that it essentially is a reincarnated NAFTA that it builds on the foundation substantially of the original went and by the way, it's not attend deal. I should point out that there's going to be a real political fight. I think. Up here in Washington on Capitol Hill over approving this. So it's not over. Although President Trump was was taking it as a victory lap. Today was also strengthened by government coming in Mexico, which will inherit the steel by a president on his last day there. That's right. And and I thought you saw the lasting hard feelings as a result of these very tough negotiations with Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau who did appear at the last minute was uncertain at the signing ceremony today in Buenos Aires. But had some strong words for President Trump, and you've had this amazing spectacle. What have we taken to get here of the United States going after candidate one of its closest allies, David your takeaway, so far from the g twenty well, so far the image of Muhammad bin Salman and Putin doing an end zone dance together is the big takeaway video circulating of them doing a hi fi. Looking very cheer an image. It's a symbol. It's a symbol of an era in which the wolves of the global international order are on the March and undeterred because there's no one. Deter them. And so that's one thing. The second thing I think is the China US relationship and this thank heaven is not a Trump related story to me the big change in US China relations is that we used to have people who were friends of China somewhere, foes of China and the foreign policy establishment sort of split. That's no longer the case. Now, everyone sees China as a challenge, but as a foe Hank pulse in the former treasury fare gave a speech in Singapore recently in which he laid that very clearly and he was very much in the camp. So when Trump talks tough on China trade, he now has a lot of people who are not normally his friends actually thinking he's doing the right thing me loop.
"shirley chisholm" Discussed on Stuff You Missed in History Class
"Episode Holly are every episode ever show as well as show notes all the episode Holly, and I have worked on together. And you can subscribe to our show on apple podcasts or Google podcasts. Basically wherever it is that you're listening to this podcast. For more on this and thousands of other topics. Visit how stuff works dot com. Hello earth. Actually. Hello universe. We are here to tell you that. In addition to Tuesdays and Thursdays when you can get your regular stuff. You should know episodes. Just as you always have the last ten thousand years, a wait ten years ten years. We're now adding a whole new episode of spin off show, that's really the same show. It's just a shorter episode. It's called short stuff. Yeah. We said, hey, sometimes we have topics that maybe aren't robust enough to fill out a full forty five minutes stuff. You shouldn't have pa- sewed. But we don't want to shortchange these topics these people, and so let's just make them short. Get over here. Short stuff and jump in our feet, right? Exactly. It's kind of like the Roper to our three's company. Yeah. Or it's kind of like after mash to mash exactly, although it's like neither one of those because those were regular links. This is shorter everybody. So you can go to apple podcasts or wherever you get your podcasts. Or just look for it in your feet every Wednesday from your friends. Jerry. It's stuff. You should know shorter is sometimes better.
"shirley chisholm" Discussed on Stuff You Missed in History Class
"Chisholm became Sherrington, professor of politics at mount holyoke college in Massachusetts, she commuted back and forth between the college and buffalo where she and her husband lived, and she helped found the national political congress of black women and she worked on Jesse Jackson's campaign for the presidency in one thousand nine hundred four AM one thousand nine hundred eighty eight her husband Arthur died in nineteen eighty six and nineteen Ninety-three. Shirley, Chisholm was offered the position of ambassador to Jamaica. But she turned it down because their health was not good anymore. She died on January first of two thousand five at the age of eighty and November of two thousand fifteen President Barack Obama posthumously awarded her the presidential medal of freedom later on in her life. She said that she didn't want to be remembered just as a member of congress or a candidate for president. But as in her own words, a woman who fought for change in the twentieth century, and that is Shirley Chisholm. Do you also have listener mail. I do have listener mail. This is from. Thomas, and it is going all the way back to our Magnus Hirschfeld episode. I know that was a while ago. We have been recording lots of extra episodes to accommodate our tour of the west coast, which I think by the time this episode comes out we'll have already happened. But Thomas says dear Holly, and Tracy. Thank you for the episode on Magnus Hirschfeld, which I really enjoyed despite the tragic ending. There is one extra tragic coda to the fate of gay men in the holocaust if they managed to survive the concentration camps some were then made to finish their sentences after the war by the occupying allies. I can't even begin to imagine. How those poor souls must have felt knowing they were still not going to be freed. I think it's pretty little known even today that that happened a link to the US holocaust museums article on this keep up the good work, especially covering history. Which even now is barely a footnote and many school curriculums kind. Regards thomas. Thank you so much for this note. Thomas. I did not know that. And I I won't say it was surprising because it's not, but it was an upsetting enough idea that I was like let me go research this and make sure that this is correct before we say on the show, and it is. So what happened as we said? At the end of the Magnus Hirschfeld episode is that a lot of gay men were arrested while the Nazis were in power and many of them were sent to concentration camps. Then when the concentration camps were liberated a lot of these men had been convicted of violating the anti homosexuality laws in Germany, and they were put into regular prisons to finish out their sentences, even though they had been in this concentration camp for a period of years. So a lot of them were returned to other prisons afterward to basically serve out the sentence. They hit originally been given after being convicted which is indeed. Horrifying. So I know that's the very Downer place to end this episode. But I felt like it was an important piece of additional information to include. If you would like to write to us about this or any other podcast history podcasts at how stuff works dot com. And then we are also all over social media missed in history. That is where you will find our Facebook or Pinterest our, Twitter and our Instagram. You can come to our website, which is missing history dot com, and you can find a searchable archive of every.
"shirley chisholm" Discussed on Stuff You Missed in History Class
"In case you needed any of that story. He was notorious for his views on segregation and race. Although during this campaign, he announced that he would no longer support. Segregation Chisholm visited him in the hospital and people were appalled. But she felt like visiting was just a humane thing to do. And she told him, quote, you, and I don't agree, but you have been shot, and I might be shot, and we are both children of American democracy. So I wanted to come and see you the democratic national convention that year started on July tenth and by that time. It was absolutely clear that there was no way to them was going to get the party's nomination. Instead, she hoped to have enough delegates to influence the party platform that would be created at the convention, she wound up with one hundred and fifty two delegates which was about ten percent of the total after being on the ballot in twelve states. That was. More than some of the other candidates, but not enough to have an impact on the party platform or her much bigger goal of naming a black candidate as the vice presidential running mate. She was also really disillusioned by how the process felt more. Like, it was about candidates making deals with one another for their delegates than it was about candidates trying to do right by the voters. But a more personal disappointment was that her friend and colleague, Ron Dellums of the Congressional Black caucus was supposed to be the person to nominate her at the convention, but he backed out at the last minute her friend, Percy Sutton, did it instead on the last night of the convention. Shirley, Chisholm gave a speech in which she said, she would support the Democratic Party nominee George McGovern. But before she could give that speech. She got a lengthy standing ovation. Even though there were so many disappointments at the democratic national convention Chisholm insisted that she did not regret her decision to run. She said Iran because somebody had to do. I Iran because most people thought the country was not ready for a black candidate not ready for a woman candidate someday. It was time in nineteen seventy-two to make that someday come later on. She described her candidacy as not exactly opening the door for other women and people of color, but at least leaving the door ajar in the nineteen seventy two election. George McGovern was defeated colossally by incumbent, Richard Nixon in just a huge landslide an unmatched landslide. We all know how that worked out though, Chisholm returned to her seat in the house of representatives, and she spent seven total terms in the house in one thousand nine seventy five she co sponsored a Bill to expand the federal school lunch program. And then she led the representatives to overturn president Gerald Ford's veto of it in one thousand nine hundred ninety seven she also became part of the house rules committee. She was the first black woman to be on that committee in her personal life. She and Conrad Chisholm divorced in nineteen seventy seven and she remarried Arthur Hardwick junior who lived in buffalo in her later terms in the house of representatives to them didn't defy protocol. In the way, she had in her first and over the years, this shift started to draw more and more scrutiny what she saw as an attempt for consensus building was seen as being too conciliatory and not ambitious enough. She was also criticized for increasing time away from Washington. Some of this was to go on speaking tours, and some of it was to be. With her second husband after he was permanently in seriously injured in a car accident all of this influenced her decision not to seek reelection in one thousand nine hundred eighty two but she was also frustrated by feeling like she was less and less able to really serve her constituents. Some of this was due to the shifting political climate of the late nineteen seventies. And early nineteen eighty s her career had really been focused on helping the needy and protecting the marginalized things like an increased minimum wage unions for domestic workers, racial, equality, gay rights and day care for working mothers, and people on public assistance, but it was harder and harder to get legislation. Like that passed on top of that for a number of economic and social reasons voters in her district and in similar districts all around the country or becoming less and less engaged, politically active, and that was making it a lot more difficult for her to secure federal funds that would benefit them. After retiring from politics..
"shirley chisholm" Discussed on Stuff You Missed in History Class
"When Chisholm ran for reelection in nineteen seventy one eighty two percent of the vote, but in nineteen seventy-one, she published her autobiography, which was titled unbought unbought by the time unbought and unbiased came out Chisholm had already been thinking about running for president in November of nineteen seventy-two. She told her staff that she planned to run that same year. She was appointed to the education and labor committee which had been one of her top choices when she was first elected them announced her intention to run for president on January twenty fifth nineteen seventy-two at concord Baptist church in Brooklyn and her speech. She said, quote, I am not the candidate of black America. Although I am black and proud. I am not the candidate of the women's movement of this country. Although I am a woman, and I am equally proud of that. I am the candidate of the people and my presence before you now symbolizes a new era in American political history with this announcement Chisholm became the first black woman to seek the nomination. Of the Democratic Party. Sometimes you'll see her listed as the first woman of any race to seek the nomination for any major political party. But that is not accurate Margaret chase Smith ran for president as a Republican in nineteen sixty four and had twenty seven delegates at the Republican national convention. Patsy mink, who we mentioned earlier also ran as a democrat in nineteen seventy two she had been invited by Oregon Democrats to run on their ballot to draw attention to the movement against the Vietnam war, and she withdrew after the Oregon primary this has been described as more of a symbolic campaign. But it still counts as it happened in her run for congress Chisholm faced all kinds of sexism while running for president Walter Cronkite started a news broadcast about her candidacy by saying a new hat rather about it has been thrown into the ring. She was also excluded from televised debates and took her case to court at which point the FCC ordered that she be invited to debate as well. And it wasn't just gendered language and exclusion from debates at least three confirmed assassination threats were made against Chisholm during the campaign someone stole stationary from one of her opponents and typed up a terribly spilled badly written press release claiming that she had been in a mental institution. This release went on with a whole series of completely fabricated claims and led to an FBI investigation as there was obviously, racism and sexism all tied together and the response to her campaign, but in this campaign Chisholm really hope to build a coalition among anyone who was disenfranchised or marginalized not just black people and not just women. She was also vocal in her support of equal rights for Hispanics and Latinos as well as gay people and indigenous people she had called the have a native person leading the department of the interior which oversees the bureau of Indian affairs, and she did get a lot of grassroots support. Many of the people who worked on her campaign were first time participants in this process. Whenever people ask her what they needed to do to get involved. She would tell them the first thing was to register to vote, and this was just a few years after the Voting Rights Act of nineteen sixty five outlawed voting discrimination based on race. But her efforts on the campaign, we're really hampered by a lack of money and buy disorganization from within the campaign. She had some high profile celebrity backers like, Harry, Belafonte and Ossie Davis. But other people weren't as even when they said they were on her side, Gloria Steinem ran is one of her delegates in the New York primary, but kept doing this kind of halfhearted endorsement saying that she was for Shirley Chisholm. But thought George McGovern was the best of the male candidates to them finally told her to either endorse McGovern or her not do this weird in between thing. And she said, quote, don't do me any favors by giving me the semi endorsement, I do not need this kind of. Help. She also faced criticism after candidate George Wallace was shot on may fifteenth nineteen seventy-two we've done a podcast on Wallis before..
"shirley chisholm" Discussed on Stuff You Missed in History Class
"When Shirley Chisholm took office as US Representative from New York number one, she referred to herself as a black woman congressman, which delights me see also recognize the role that women had played in getting her elected and see recognize the fact that women were largely being excluded from Washington politics. So to try to start closing that gap in her first term she hired only women for her staff at the same time. She knew that as a junior legislator. She really needed experienced people to help her in order to be effective. So a lot of the women. She hired had served on the staff of Joseph Resnick who had elected not to run for reelection almost immediately after being sworn in Chisholm started breaking protocol in Washington. It was expected for junior legislators to basically, listen and not make waves. But when she got her committee assignment, it was to the rural development and forestry committee of. The agriculture committee. This was completely outside her experience and also not particularly relevant to her constituents back in Brooklyn, New York. She thought this was ridiculous, and she tried to be recognized to speak to protest it. But every time she stood up. A more senior Representative would stand up and be called on finally see walked down to the well at the floor of the house. And when asked what she was doing down there. She said, quote, I've been trying to get recognized for half an hour. Mr Chairman, but evidently, you were unable to see me. So I came down to the well, I would just like to tell the caucus. Why vehemently reject my committee assignment? This was really unheard of. It was not done among junior legislators, especially to do something like this. But she was ultimately reassigned to the veterans affairs committee. This was definitely not her first choice. But it was at least a place where she felt like she could serve her constituents because there were plenty of veterans living in Brooklyn from their Chisolm continued to take bold uncompromising steps her first speech in the house was war. And she announced that she would vote no on every budget Bill until the country started using its resources quote for people and peace not prophets in war sales faced a lot of sexism questions about what her husband thought about what she was doing in a very like what does your husband think of all this darling? In July of nineteen seventy during hearings on a house anti-discrimination measure Chisholm said quote during my entire political life. My sex has been a far greater handicap than my skin pigmentation. For my earliest, experience and ward political activity might chief obstacle was that I had to break through the role. Men assign women young woman in a newspaper story, I read somewhere defined that role beautifully. She was talking about her experiences in the civil rights movement. Quote, we found that the men made the policy and the women made the peanut butter sandwiches. I'd like to comment on this quote really quickly before we move on. Because a lot of people take this out of context and try to make it be a statement that in general in the world gender is a bigger issue than race. And that's really not what she was saying. She was confining this. To her political life. Very clearly not like a blanket statement about which thing being a woman or being black is harder chisels agenda in congress was ambitious, but it wasn't naive. She wanted more programs for the poor and unemployed more support for education more funding for health care and protections for civil rights. She helped form the Congressional Black caucus and later the congresswoman's caucus, which is now the congressional caucus for women's issues on August tenth nineteen seventy. She reintroduced the equal rights amendment which was passed by congress on March twenty second nineteen seventy two but was not ratified by the states that could be a whole other podcast. And maybe we'll be at some point in the future..
"shirley chisholm" Discussed on Stuff You Missed in History Class
"State Representative included funding for daycare centers for the children of working women and laws to ensure that teachers didn't lose their seniority if they went on maternity leave. She also advocated for the repeal of New York's laws criminalizing abortion, which happened in nineteen seventy after she had left office these years in the state capital. We're really challenging for Chisholm. She spent about five days a week. Albany while her husband was at home in Brooklyn. And her father had also died the year before she was elected she and her father had been very close. And a lot of her earliest political opinions had been informed through discussions with him about figures like, Marcus Garvey. She had also become somewhat estranged from her mother and sisters because she inherited her father's money while they inherited the house her isolation in Albany was professional as well. As personal. There were only a handful of women in the state legislature. And she was the only black woman. It was socially unacceptable for women to go out to bars, which is what most of the men were doing at the end of the day. She frequently felt like she was being overlooked. This was a pattern in her political career, which would lead her to say, quote, if they don't give you a seat at the table bring a folding chair and nineteen sixty eight a court ordered reapportionment created a new congressional district in New York. And that was centered on Shirley Chisholm neighborhood of bed. For stuyvesant. This newly created thirteenth district was majority black and it also had a large Puerto Rican population. It was pretty much taken for granted that the Representative elected from this new district would be black. But it was also pretty much taken for granted that it would be a man twelve people announce their candidacy and Chisholm was the only woman it was during this campaign that Chisholm started using the slogan unbought an unbought she also repaired her relationship with MAC holder who got in touch and said that he wanted to be part of her campaign Chisholm won the democratic primary in this election by a huge margin, and then in the general election her opponent was James farmer who was running on both the Republican and liberal party. Tickets farmer was the former head of the congress of racial equality core as well as one of its founders he had also organized and participated in the freedom rides. And he and a whole lot of other people. Thought his election was a sure thing Chisholm and farmer agreed on a lot of their key issues. They had essentially the same talking points on things like housing employment and education, both of them were also against the Vietnam war. So farmers campaign was less about the issues and more about gender. He framed himself as a powerful man whose voice was needed in Washington and dismissed Chisholm as some schoolteacher farmer wasn't the only person focused on gender in this during the campaign. The New York Times ran this headline farmer and woman in lively Bedford Stuyvesant race that makes me kind of want to grind my teeth. But I'm going to. Meanwhile, Chisholm and MAC holder worked day and night to canvass and campaign. They pointed out that farmer lived in Harlem, not Brooklyn Chisholm was fluent in Spanish and reach directly out to the district's Puerto Rican voters, she emphasized all the work that she had done in Albany that directly affected people in Brooklyn, especially women and women registered voters, outnumbered men as registered voters in the district. And the middle of all this though, Chisholm developed a fibroid tumor, and she had to have surgery. So she had to take a break from the campaign. Farmers started playing up her absence from the campaign trail until she finally defied her doctor's orders. She went out on her front steps with a Bullhorn this required. Her to walk down several flights of steps. I and with this Bullhorn she said, ladies and gentlemen, this is fighting Shirley Chisholm, and I am up and around in spite of what people are saying, oh, November fifth nineteen sixty eight Chisolm. Mhm won the election against James farmer. Thirty four thousand.
"shirley chisholm" Discussed on Stuff You Missed in History Class
"With their parents who had saved up enough money to buy a home. Thanks to her father's work in a factory during World War Two for a while. She struggled to find a job though. She was very diminutive. I mean, just tiny and she spoke with a slight lisp. So people had trouble believing that she was really a college graduate repeatedly. She would interview for jobs that she met the qualifications for only to be told that she did not actually meet them. She was finally hired at mount cavalry. Childcare center in Harlem, and she worked there from nineteen forty six to nineteen Fifty-three. She also started a master's degree program in early childhood education at Columbia teachers college, she took classes at night while working at the childcare center during the day in nineteen forty nine she married. Conrad Chisholm who had emigrated to the United States from Jamaica. They moved into a home near Shirley's parents at first they hope to have. But surely had two miscarriages and later on she said, quote, if I had children, I couldn't be out here doing what I'm doing. Now. She also finished her masters degree in nineteen fifty one. Shirley, Chisholm had been active in the seventeenth assembly district democratic club since college and in nineteen fifty three she took part in her first political campaign a seat had opened up in the second municipal court which was local to where she lived Chisholm worked with the campaign to elect Lewis S flag junior who became Brooklyn's first black judge, which was a huge milestone campaign workers tried to keep this momentum going by reforming the flag campaign into the Bedford Stuyvesant political league or Bs PL Chisholm became its president Chisholm had noticed that in all the political organizations. She was part of women were really active, but they were also relegated to tasks like preparing food cleaning up in organizing events in raffles, many of the organizations were. Degraded, but essentially segregated themselves when it came to things like seating arrangements Chisholm thought all of that needed to change. So she ran for president of the BS peo- this led to problems because her opponent was her longtime mentor MAC holder, she lost this election. But the fact that she had run against him at all led to a huge rift between the two of them in one thousand nine fifty eight at the age of thirty four Chisholm left. Both the seventeenth assembly districts democratic club and the Bs PL feeling frustrated, and like as the woman, she didn't have any future in politics beyond canvassing and cleaning up after meetings in nineteen Fifty-nine Chisholm became a consultant to the New York City division of day care and in nineteen sixty she returned to politics she and several others who had been part of the flag campaign started the unity democratic club, which was racially integrated in which had women in many prominent positions. This. Eased some of Chisholm frustrations. But at the same time, she was still doing a lot of work campaigning for other people when what she really wanted was to be the one running for office. So in nineteen sixty four Chisholm told the unity Democrats that she wanted to run for state Representative they nominated her and she won her first primary and general election. This wasn't however one of her many political firsts the first black woman elected to the New York state legislature was Bessie Buchanan ten years earlier, while a state legislator in Albany Chisholm introduced two major pieces of legislation that really illustrate what she was trying to do in politics. The first setup unemployment insurance and social security protections for personal and domestic workers. This was something she'd seen a need for both from her mother and from so many other working women in their Bedford Stuyvesant neighborhood. The second was the seek program which stands for search for education elevation. And knowledge, and it was something. She'd seen any Ford daring her own education, the seek program identified black and Hispanic students for both financial and academic aid to study at the City University of New York or the state university of New York this program still exists today than it works to bridge the gap for financially in educational underprivileged students after a redistricting Chisholm had to run for re election in nineteen sixty five even though her first term wasn't over. She ran again in the regular election cycle in nineteen sixty six and was once again reelected her other legislation during those years is a.
"shirley chisholm" Discussed on WNYC 93.9 FM
"That involves the predecessor of yours in your congressional district seat to legendary shirley chisholm the first african american woman elected to congress can you maybe tell that story do you know that story as you understand it that shirley chisholm had something to do with getting the food stamp program put in the agriculture department in the first place shirley chisholm was first elected as the first african american woman ever since the united states congress there were a lot of folks goto boys from the south who weren't happy with that development and apparently prevailed upon the then speaker to assign shirley chisholm to the agricultural committee she'd gone to congress representing many of the same neighborhoods that i currently represent in central brooklyn including bedford stuyvesant crown heights and other areas that are highly urban and have significant communities that were impoverished of color wanting to help those individuals and the view was by putting her on the agricultural committee she'd have no capacity to do that but it just so happens that she partnered up with senator bob dole who at the time of course representing the state of kansas was looking for ways to help farmers who had excess surpluses of food but no vehicle to provide that food and therefore we're beginning to lose profit and viability and that basically began a marriage between shirley chisholm and bob dole pushing for you know the what was then called the food stamp program that would allow individuals in america to purchase at discounted rates subsidized food from the farmers throughout the country and various iterations have proceeded since that moment but the fundamental partnership has remained the same between farmers and rural america and people in urban america and other parts of the country as it relates to providing supplemental nutritional assistance to people in this country and right now they're about forty million food insecure folks and the cynical view and i happen to share this view is that the reason why mick mulvaney and trump in those folks are trying to rip away this program out of the department of agriculture and place it within health and human services and then rename it is to demonize this program and break the.