33 Burst results for "Scurvy"
Fizz Fizz, with Fantastic History of Food
"Dating back at least the seventeen hundreds people of Europe drank natural mineral water believed to cure of variety of illnesses like gallstones scurvy. Even bathing from these natural springs was seen as therapeutic. People literally went for the waters, though that freezes only hanging on its fingernails through the expression I'm not here for the water's usually set of someplace. You don't want to be like work. Many people tried to sell the water off site, but packaging and transportation at the time were prohibitively difficult and expensive, so they went with the next best thing. They'd manufacture their own water. Fine I'll make my own mineral water with blackjack and hookers. Most y'all are confused, but one person just snorted coffee through their nose. Mark my words. In seventeen sixty seven British chemist Joseph priestley tried carbonated water as you would beer by fermentation with yeast. The results were weak, but they worked in seventeen, seventy two. He published a paper entitled impregnating water with Fixed Air. priestley's apparatus, which featured a bladder between the generator and the absorption tank to regulate the flow of carbon dioxide was soon joined by a wide range of variants. However, it wasn't until seventeen eighty one that carbonated water could be produced on a large enough scale with the establishment of companies specializing in producing artificial mineral water. Others improved on Priestley's work, and while he did get respect from the scientific community, he didn't make anything for the invention that made possible a four hundred billion dollar a year industry. American, Inventor John Matthews designed a Soda Fountain that Could Produce Enough carbonated water for all his customers all day in eighteen, thirty, two, leading to the opening of the First Soda Fountain. In Their Heyday Soda Fountains were elaborately decorated places for rejuvenation more like a walk-through health retreat a snack counter and they were usually found in pharmacies. Pharmacists already used sweet tasting flavor syrups like lemon lime to mask the taste of bitter medicines like Quinine, an iron liquid medicine, being the standard form time rather than pills. At some sparkling water and you've got something new on your hands. Sas Parrilla for example was used to treat syphilis, supposedly and phosphoric acid and ingredient in most colas was thought to help with hypertension. The oldest major soft drink America Dr Pepper was created by Pharmacist Charles Alderson in eighteen, eighty, five and marketed as an energy, drink and brain tonic. Soda, the Effervescent News Hadn't medicine. We might be frustrated by. It takes a new medication to get to the market or top of mine a new vaccine, but it beats the old way of doing things at least from the consumer side from the manufacturer's side. The late nineteenth century, the era of the patent medicine was the best time to be alive. You could put anything you wanted in a bottle and call it medicine. You could still go around calling yourself doctor without having to prove it. Mix Up some tap water. Whatever's handy something bitter to make? It tastes like medicine, and then something sweet, so it's not too bitter, and of course if you can booze and hard drugs. Have Pretty printed with filigree and vague, sometimes contradictory claims and watch the money roll in. Behold the age of the patent medicine. Patent medicines are named after the letters patent probably letters patent since it was granted by the English crown. The first letters patent given to an inventor of a secret remedy was issued in the late seventeenth century. The patent granted the medicine maker a monopoly on his particular formula. The term patient medicine came to describe all prepackaged medicine sold over the counter without a doctor's prescription early English patent medicines sold like Jordan's in the colonies like dice Dr Bateman drops, whose original patent was granted by King George, the I in seventeen, twenty six, and was still available into the twentieth century. Not About to let the Brits make off with all the Lucre America began to cultivate their own patent medicines, an industry that boomed in the decades leading up to the civil war in the US very few patent medicines actually had a patent. You could get yourself a bottle. Love hosters celebrated stomach. Bidders Phero China John cleese Kella CEO. Bark and iron tonic reaches embrocations Emerson's Rheumatic Cure. Brooks's Barefoot Appointment SP Goff's magic oil, ligament or something just called salvation oil patent medicine actually played its own small part in the war. The government tax their sale along with the sales of matches, playing cards perfumes at L. to fund the war effort and repay military debt. Just like cigarettes today, patent medicines had to have a tax stamp on them for decades. Thirty years after the civil war, the government returned to Patent Medicine Taxation to fund the Spanish American war, which ran from eighteen, ninety eight to nineteen o two using a distinctive battleship stamp. The second half of the nineteenth century with the rapid growth of industrialization and populations in American cities was a high point for such hokum. Literacy was also improving with meant that they were more magazines and newspapers for patent medicine makers to advertise in and more people who could actually read the ads. There was also a pervasive and widespread distrust for medicine of the day. This was the era of heroic, medicine. Doctors went to extremes like bloodletting and purgatory gives to cure disease. We. Know now that making it already sick person poop their brains out or cutting them with a blade that you didn't know you needed to wash between. Patience is a bad idea, but back then it was no pun intended cutting edge stuff.
Against All Odds: Lone Survivor
"We're all going through some degree of hardship right now but most of us have family or friends in person via technology to help us through in that respect alone. We're doing a lot better than the subjects of today's episode. Take for instance Ricky McGee in two thousand and six when he stumbled in front of a pickup truck of two Australian Ranch Workers Jack Larussa the local parlance. He's deeply sun-scorched. Skin hung off skeleton. They weren't even sure they were looking at a man and not some demon of the northern outback. Things had been considerably better for McGee. Ten weeks earlier the thirty five year old was hale and hearty and had just landed a new job driving along a baron. North Australia highway. He spotted a group of stranded travelers in their vehicle on the side of the road knowing it could be a long time before anyone else came by. He let some of the men get into his car to drop them at the next town. That was the last thing he could clearly remember. He came to in the middle of the desert stripped naked and barefoot under the harsh Sun which bonus fact bombards Australia with more UV rays and other continents because of the whole meal zone layer. Mcgee had nothing not even a notion of which way to go waiting for help to find him seemed fruitless so he began to walk each morning. He told himself today was the day today. He would see a house or town. At least erode he could follow each day ended the same as the day before there was one ameliorating factor in his situation. The rainy season had just ended and there was water to be found. He found a decent size waterhole and began to try to make shelter one week had ticked by before food in the form of a lizard crossed. Mcgee's path he was able to catch and kill it with his bare hands. Laying the meat out in the sun to dry McGee's diet was made up of anything that walked crawled or slithered past him lizards snakes grasshoppers bugs and even leeches after his ordeal. Mcgee said that the Leeches weren't bad but you had to eat them quickly otherwise they'd attached to the inside of your mouth. He also eight any plant that passed a taste test which is not strictly speaking the best way to find non poisonous plants but he got lucky. His Diet was diverse. But not plentiful calories were thin on the ground no pun intended dingoes have begun prowling around trying to decide if he was meet yet starving weakening and beginning to despair mcghie fashioned across for the top of his shelter. It seemed likely that the shelter would become his casket but he managed to stay alive when he'd been carjacked. Mcgee weighed two hundred thirty three pounds or about one hundred and five kilograms when the jackaroo found him he only weighed a hundred pounds or forty five kilograms but he was alive. He managed to keep himself going alone in the desert for seventy one days in what his rescuers described as one of the most isolated places in Australia. Mcgee was flown to the Royal Darwin Hospital where medical staff described as a but well hydrated a credit to his decision to stay at the waterhole police and the media were initially suspicious of McGee's story assuming that his previous minor drug offence must have meant he'd been up to dirty deals with dirty dealers and that's how he ended up stranded. His stolen car never turned up. Which would have helped his story. Mcgee even offered to eat a frog on live. Tv BUT THANKFULLY BUSH. Survival experts weighed in that his story was plausible. So no more frogs for Ricky. Mcgee water kept Ricky McGee alive but it was nearly the death of Jose Alvarenga a man who would probably rather not hold the record for the longest time spent adrift at Sea alone in November. Twenty Fifteen Alvarenga. And please forgive me. If at some point ISLIP and say Alvarez it's almost guaranteed to happen was getting his gear together for a thirty hour deep sea fishing trip off the coast of Costa Zule Mexico. His quarry were sharks. Marlins and sailfish expensive fish. That would hopefully give him an edge over his competition. The trip didn't get off to a promising. Start WHEN ALVAREZ. Usual partner backed out at the last minute and he took on a less experienced. Fishermen named Ezekiel Cordova that he'd never even spoken to before that day but he figured it was a short trip so everything would be OK on. November seventeenth the pair. Sit Out on a twenty four foot fiberglass. Gif small was boats go with fishing gear a radio an enormous cooler. That would soon be almost overloaded with fish just a few hours into their journey though a storm world and it stayed for five days. They had to dump their catch to lighten the boat. So it'd be more maneuverable. Alvarenga tried to steer the boat back to shore but he couldn't see where the shore was in the pounding rain and the little ship didn't have. Gps when the storm finally cleared the men found that the motor was gone as was most of the fishing here and the electronics were all badly damaged unlike the passengers of the SS minnow. Who took all of their belongings on a three hour cruise Alvarenga and Cordova had only a day's worth of food and water. There was enough charge in the backup battery of the two way radio for Ranga to get a mayday message out. But he couldn't tell us potential rescuers where he was because he simply didn't know what part of the seemingly endless Pacific Ocean they were in the search teams had tried to look for them but the rain had made it impossible. There was no way to know how long they would be out there. So the men turned to the sea for survival. Alvarenga was able to catch fish turtles and seabirds with his bare hands. Though Cordova was basically useless. In those efforts the turtles were lucky. Catch their meat is actually rich in vitamin C. Which prevented the men from developing scurvy? They collected rainwater when there was rain to collect but otherwise had to hydrate themselves with a mixture of turtle blood and urine there. You're in the sun rose and set dozens of times but the flat horizon of the ocean remained. Unbroken
The Medical Reason You're Craving Carbs Right Now
"Speaking of back to basics and the simple basics of life. Today's guest was kind of amazing. I learned so march. Yeah Dr Eldridge Taylor. And he is based in Atlanta. He's a board certified holistic doctor he started as an Obgyn and started to realize that you know there are a natural ways that we can really fortify our bodies in sort of get back to the basics as you said So he's got some great tips especially during this time of stress To number one boost immune system and Have a potato chip and know why it's okay. You're doing the right thing. Okay well stress. I mean almost. Everybody really understands that when they're under stress they're more likely to get a cold or flu or any other city or you know eighteen hours a day for two or three weeks. Are you're flying around? You know you're on a bunch of the sales calls all know you come? Home is more likely to get sick because stress and cortisol suppresses the immune system but we get works. Is that when the body is under stress? It is worried about dying right in there and it is saying. Hey we don't need to worry about something that's going to happen along Tam from now we've got to have all our resources toward whatever you're doing is eighteen hours of work. Whatever we gotta devoted so the immune system is suppressed so The first thing you need to do is to not panic. Panic one makes you make bad decisions. It CAUSES CORTISOL TO INCREASE CAUSES SYMPATHETIC. Nervous System TO BE ENHANCED. And so yet looking at you know it's great to look at the news and to be informed but looking at it twenty four hours a day is not good for. Ya told. I was on interview the other day. And said you need to binge-watch Nip flicks comedy special? You know but I do these days is I watched the morning news. First of all the morning news is always going to be friendlier than news. The evening is as working in immediate used. If if it bleeds it leads right so there it is what it is folks but the morning news generally tends to be a little bit more upbeat while you can still get those key headlines for the day for I don't understand why everybody a Netflix are. Watching shows like contagion were doing. We're living in living contagion. You need to laugh. You need to play. You need to go outside six feet away but you need to actually go outside. So what can you do? Here's how you can boost your immune system. Seventy percent of your immune system is in your gut and good. Bacteria in the gut will help control the immune system because what is happening with this virus by people at AMC is that their immune system is going. Overboard is being uncontrolled. It's actually attacking healthy tissue instead of just the hours. So probiotics will help to control the immune system so that doesn't go overboard now when it comes to things like vitamin C. Do you find that it's better to get it. From natural things like oranges or citrus. Or you should we just go for a supplement. Yes it's you know. The thing is I mean you'd have to eat a lot of oranges to get enough vitamin C. To really now it would be enough for the daily requirement but then daily requirement is to prevent scurvy. But if you look at the research When you're talking about is antiviral capabilities and and other things. You have to use more than talking about somewhere between a thousand and four thousand milligrams on pretty much consistent basis this. In order to really boost the immune system said that bag of mandarins bought yesterday and that had been just like funneling is is a joke me. In how many how much? I'd rather do that than the candy all day that would rather for. You've much vitamin C. Is in wine orange or Mandarin ballpark. Do you know you got me on that one okay. I'll have to look so on. That probiotic tipped you you. You know that was in the arsenal that you discussed. I get confused. An ICY probiotic in the Little Strawberry Yogurt drink. I give my daughter in the morning and then I see it in the vitamins that are not so active looking and then the other day I was in whole foods all gloved up and looking crazy and I noticed this really butte.
"As The Worm Turns!"
"Are no words that can describe the fastness of time and space. It's big really big. Really really big really. There's also not many words that can describe the vastness of space between the years of evil mastermind. Dr Steve. There's a lot of empty space in there. Really a lot of big wide and boom all right. They get the point. So I'm not as clever or smart Dr Floyd. I will tell you one thing though. I am more evil than he is. And at the end of the day evil always beats good. Hush evil mastermind Dr Steve currently speeding through the time and space treatment time spaceship. That is out there with a time and space travel device stolen from our hero. Dr Flowing. Should we go next? Visited we have all the time in the world. We could. What's easy what's happening? What ship don't see any Ho- know fidget turnaround? We're heading right for it. Base Action Now. Are Two villains find themselves a perilous situation? Let's turn your attention to the ship of our hero. Dr Floyd what. You're eating their Dr Grant big bowl of grilled fruit. Dr Floyd. You want some grilled Fru. Yeah don't WANNA get scurvy. You know you go. Peaches nectarines pineapples and plantations. Then teens who can't contain sure you can just a few minutes on each side here. Try a by Gross Dr Grant. It tastes like cork danger. Supposed to be sweet well to each his own. Mother used to cook which that chipped. That can't be right. He says the Doctor. Steve Ship has just vanished from the time and Space Street. Time Jim no his whole shift just disappear chips program some programs into the computer program and see if you can come up with possible program glitches Dr Grant. You use the scanner to scan for any suspicious scanners scanning and the time and space stream. We'll do what. Are you going to do Dr Flowing? That'd be attending to the most pressing. Let's say getting the taste of this grilled plan teen out of my mouth. I hear other tasks and soon programs are program. Scanners are scanned in. T- their toothbrush. And all are back on the bridge. Anything to report shifts couldn't find any program glitches in the program and I couldn't detect any suspicious. Scans on the scanner. They see well. How's my breath smell good? Is that a new toothpaste. Yeah Vanilla flavor like brushing with cake frosting shapes around wormholes. That's right we talked about those two episodes ago. Says that the shapes have grown and even larger numbers Dr Floyd except now they are moving away from the wormholes and towards that small Moon Edge. New Moon it time and space station. I've got a bad feeling about this. I think you're right jabs log. In the Hillary power log in the auxiliary power pulled that little liberty. Why are we still moving towards a tractor? Beam its? Shane has our heroes. He was this life threatening situation to act out scenes from their favorite movies. Let's turn our attention to the small group of slug like creatures aboard the Space Station waiting approach of our heroes shift two weeks of what these fools wreaking havoc in the time and space juryman sitting idly by. We finally have them. We will now put it into their blatant disregard for the time and space stream once and for all yes but chancellor remember these alien beings they have rights and we must make sure we allow for those right as lost any rights. The moment they interfered with our work dr their rights or lack thereof will be dictated to them by His Majesty. Yes of course but meeting. These beings will be a wonderful scientific opportunity. He's off criminals malicious uncaring criminals. I will see to it that the king does the right thing and has them thrown to the Dow Ski Monster. First thing tomorrow in the landing may have a time and space station and surrounded by fifty of these odd slug like creatures all armed with longstaff which are humming with energy beings aboard this vessel. This is high. Chancellor Rosen the vitamin space worms immediately. Power down exit your ship bring no weapons as you're surrounded and we'll be extended if any aggression show. What are we going to do? Dr Floyd who are these creatures not sure Dr Grant but what choice do we have chips? Power down the ship and let's go out and see what they want. Just remember to be careful with the orders given to them by these strange beings and soon find themselves at the bottom of their ships ramps surrounded by guards. Hello there everybody. My name is Dr Fluid most brilliant scientists. This is my protege. Dr Grant and our faithful robot companionship's we come in peace fees if you truly ventured into the time and space street piece. You wouldn't have caused so much trouble. God's buying them in electro shackles. Hey would you mind telling us why you've taken US prisoner? Go crimes will be read to you. In front of his Royal Majesty Schwartzchild he alone shall decide your fate. Gods take them to the prison block and get them out of my sight. I shall inform His Majesty of your rights slug like creatures lead heroes down a large court or of the time and space station. I must apologize for the behavior of the chancellor. Here's most upset about the current situation on your electric shackles to. Actually they take a little bit. Where are we your bowl at the time and Space Station Krasnenkov? Home to the time and space worms. That's us. We are overseers of all the goings on in time and space stream. And who are you? They call me doctor put morning. How are you? I'm doctor worm. Good morning anyway. Why have you captured us to have made a grave error? All of your time and space jobs created new wormholes in the time and space stream. That shouldn't harm. Anything just means more places to get across. The universe does a lot of home. See US worms have a union contract that clearly states that we are the only things that create wormholes? You have violated our contract which is an act carries the automatic punishment of death. No in the morning you will be taken for the king and we'll be judged for now. Enjoy your stay. I know our prison cells are not the most comfortable but it will have to do. The shackles will automatically released once. You've stepped inside. Are we going to be able to plead our case to the king of using listening mood? Yes more often than not though. He's been intolerant of time travellers to the chancellor having his ear. We'll find out tomorrow until then enjoy your time here. Get to know your fellow prisoners. Unfortunately you will most likely be thrown to the Hausky monster tomorrow morning doctor worm. Yeah thanks I guess. What do we do now? Doctor You said to get to know our fellow prisoners. What do you think he meant? I think-i meant us from out of the shadows of the jail cells that none other than evil mastermind Dr Steven sock shaped assistant Dr Steve. Hello Floyd Comfy. Little jail cell isn't on our it looks as if Dr Steven featuring our prisoners of time and space worms. Well when the morning comes will the heroes and villains. We've come to know and love and despise be thrown to the House Key. Monster is this the end of our series or merely the end of the season and just one is the proper way to prepare plantations. Find out in the next exciting season of the Radio Dr boy if there is
What this coronavirus does to your body
"Young. There are a lot of viruses that we're familiar with and some of them. We track regularly like the flu. What about for Corona viruses? Do we know a lot about them? We very much do not so. Flu is very familiar. Influence viruses have been the cause of many pandemics in history and we have a very very Established infrastructure studying and combating that with Corona viruses. It's entirely different. Research onto this group of ours is has been very niche for a long period of time and partly. That's because until this new one sauce. Cova to came along that will only six known corona viruses that infect humans four of them are incredibly mild today circulate around the world every winter and they call us maybe a third of cases of what we just called the common calls. So just sniffles runny nose sore throat. That kind of thing. And for that reason people studied them the other two saws and Murs both goes much more severe diseases but caused outbreaks that were easier to contain. What is up with this specific virus? Why why is it so successful? Why is it so good at spreading and infecting humans? Do we actually know that. So I would say that we don't But I think based on what we know we can at least try and put together a plausible hypothesis. The thing that especially makes this virus hod is that it seems to have a long incubation time between a first infecting a new person and then causing symptoms during which it seems to be able to transmit to a new host and specifically the reason why it's capacity to spread before symptoms is bad is that it allows it to really move around the world and within a country before people understand where it is but is there a specific reason why it is So good at infecting humans specifically because this thing originated in animals. Right you're right Based on the structure of the virus it seems that there are a few possible qualities that allow it to spread so easily amid seems to stick to ourselves most strongly in more readily and it seems to be able to infect cells throughout a wider pot of the airways so the virus is basically a spiky bowl. So it's a it's a bowl With these proteins called spike proteins on the surface. those spikes that recognize and latch onto a protein called as to which is found on the surface of our cells and like a key fitting into a lock that is the first step to launching an infection This is also what the original saws virus. Did it had spikes which latched onto ace too. But the specific shape of the spikes on this new virus. Abso- SCURVY TO THOSE FIGHTS. Much better at latching onto as to their a closer fit to the protein. What that means is that maybe it is easier for the virus to attach itself to our cells and maybe that might mean that it takes a lower dose of virus to begin an infection again. This is all pretty speculative but it makes sense given the tight fit between those two molecules. Okay so the first thing is that this virus is better than previous corona viruses sticking to ourselves. What's the second thing right now then? Once once that I touch meant is meant. The spike protein must be split into its two separate halls In order for the infection to continue With the original sauce bars that split did not happen very easily. But with this new virus it can be done by an enzyme called fury in which cuts the to hobbs apart and fear and notably is widespread. It's made by the human body. It's found in a lot of different types of tissues and again that might be important for explaining some of the whig characteristics of this virus. Like what most restorative irises tend to either the upper or the Lower Airways O'Kane if they in the upper airways they spread very easily but they tend to cause mild illnesses like a runny nose. Or or what have you if they in fact lower airways they tend to cause more severe illness illness like pneumonia but they also harder to spread so as Kobe to seems to infect both sites and maybe that's because it relies on that widespread fearing enzyme. And maybe that might explain some of its its sleekness. Maybe it spreads easily when it infects the Upper Airways before then moving to the lower ones to cause more severe illness. It kind of sounds like it's like it's it's just very good at what it does. So what are the odds of of that actually happening where the odds of having a corona virus that that has this particular combination of traits right true so whenever a new threat like this happens there are always conspiracy theories about whether a the new pathogen was designed engineered to infect humans and certainly It does nothing to quell those theories. When you hear that it's so well adapted to infecting human cells. It sounds it sounds improbable that a virus that was looking in some wild animal should have exactly those right traits and then somehow managed find its way into a human body but there are a lot of corona viruses out that we don't know about and I think that's the reality of the world that a lot of us don't understand that wild animals Haba millions maybe billions of different kinds of corona viruses. Even though the odds to any one of them might infect us very well and Cole's a pandemic of the kind of very low it actually becomes a reasonably likely scenario given how many possible viruses there are out there.
Fact that's Myth
"Welcome to kids myths and mysteries. I'm your host Kent crump in my investigation into the paranormal the metaphysical. I'm lucky net. Ghosts and poltergeists inspectors. I'm lucky psychics. And mediums and clairvoyance from the side of myth and fact yesterday we looked. Pope Joan a female pope on the point of being a myth. That could become a fact today. We're going to look at a fact. That is being regarded as remiss. We traveled from Rome to the Northwest Territories in Canada. It's a South Mahoney in Canada's Northwest Territory and is a world heritage site but it is mostly inaccessible. It missed the ICE age. It is comprised of thousands of square miles. Boreal forests never touched by man. But Hanni river is intersected by four ballets numerous canyons during the great Alaskan Gold Rush than the Hani us. The river was thought to be a shortcut to the Yukon. And that's where the story really begins in Nineteen Five. A young Indian boy emerged from the valley was several gold nuggets that he gave to a local bishop who had them made into a gold chain for his watch fact. That was all it took for. Two young men will in Frank McCloy D- to venture up in the Hani Valley Panning. The various creeks and streams that flowed into the river. They found gold at least according to a diary that was found at the site of their cabin when they hadn't returned by the following year a search party including a third brother said out and found their headless bodies tied to a couple of spruce trees upside down. More fact this was the beginning of the Grizz legend that became headless or deadman's valley from nine hundred ninety six when the bodies were found to nineteen sixty over. Fifty prospectors entered headless valley in search of the MIC. Lloyd's Gold Mine and some vanished and others were found headless more fact headless valley was an area never touched by the great ice age. It is said to be heated by underground thermals than Hani itself passes between thousand foot cliff. Walls areas of the valley are believed to have been a refuge for the woolly. Mammoth a strange bear dog. Like creature called Awadhi La along the cliffs lived Naja Naja Indians that unlike the donets simply vanished so remote as an Hani Bali that fewer than a dozen men have visited this area enter Albert faily born in eighteen eighty eight Minnesota by the age of twenty three. He was running a hundred mile trap. Line along the layered river one of the tributaries leading into the Hani. This was nineteen eleven just six years. After the McCloy brothers headless bodies had been found after decades wondering along the layered. Hani working trap lines as body was no longer up to the task in the mid nineteen fifties s and in his late sixties. Albert failure decided to go after the mkx. Lloyd's Lost Gold Mine. He was a longtime resident of Fort Simpson. And once the ice had left the rivers he would set out in a twenty foot. John Book loaded with supplies for the five hundred mile trip. They would take him to the mouth of what was referred to as headless valley or headless creek the site where the headless bodies of the mkx. Lloyd's had been found all those years ago. Besides the daunting mileage. He portage round. Virginia falls twice the height of Niagara. Falls a task. That would take him a week just to move his supplies. Once above the falls he would build a second boat and continue up the Hani one year. His goal was capsized in rough weather and he almost drowned another trip. Winter set in early while living in a hastily constructed cabin he had gotten scurvy and pulled out several loose teeth with pliers year after year trip after trip. He come up short and half to turn back by nine hundred sixty two. At the age of seventy four. He was still making the trip communist close to forty miles to the McCloy mine. Once confronted by another resident of Fort Simpson. He was asked if he was going to try again. Now remember seventy four. He answered that he would be dead or drown before he would quit on a personal note. I I learned of Albert faily and a headless valley. Forty-eight probably fifty years ago now when he was still making the trip I was in high school. An eighteen minute documentary was made in nineteen sixty two about Albert failure. You can now watch on Youtube. It's an amazing story about an amazing man and this is like a lost world. This is up fact. Pack story yet. A lot of people consider it miss miss about the Naja what happened. These Indians myth about gold mine of the MIC Lloyd's so a fact based story that's regarded as missed and at some point. Someone will find the mine and it will become
Brexit is finally happening
"In Britain we are about to go through a psychological millstone milestone that sorry hold back judgment on. Which of those was the misprint? which the next bill say hundred years? Recall this episode with the benefit of Hindsight Yes tomorrow tomorrow eleven. PM We'll leaving the European Union in Everything apart from practicality which will take a little while longer longer? England Britain Britain. We'll be free to cover a new distinctively English. Br British Identity around the country will be hanging up the invisible bunting and also yes and A New Dole will don't as dunes so often do I'm very exciting times for too long. Lists nation has been crumpled crushed under the oppressive quadruplet European yoke of peace stability cooperation and prosperity. But no more we'll be free as Well I mean on welcome outsiders as you are about to become tomorrow Well I'm going to mark mark the occasion. Well I'm just GONNA jet pack off the nation that's my plan is to step sockets to my back and shoot myself at the moon gas. I'm going to have a panel resigned and probably a double Mocatta Roy and then Probably just eat some eat. Some pizza enjoy that while still going. Well there's a real jailable offensive. Essentially I know I'm going to get out. Before Roy four and then of course comes Saturday here X. Baynes enticed and base. Yes you me. I've never tried it with pays better. Get better get used to it now. Well pays the beans of the British. Now everything is very very philosophical. I mean the thing is whatever it was that people wanted Brexit for and frankly I can remember no one really knows There's probably some good reasons. Some good reasons names were on both sides. But I'm pretty sure what it was was the frame to flow national infrastructural for the Chinese instead of the French. And and then at least that that we will that we will definitely have to touch on. They've got the increase freedom. Why fives all around who are way Is Who Ali. I mean that's very opposite question moment. we'll be enjoying increased freedom this time next week The increased freedom of having fewer rights More restricts opportunities for work travel study fewer chances to vote unless representation for those votes and all the time that we used a waste making. Those decisions is now freed up To do free things and be more productive freely Traditional British things like building ourselves and access skeleton of Waterland Door Dong of scurvy which I think drew desmond freestyle. Hinging Europe has been touchingly fond. Farewell the President of the European Commission Ursula von Der Land quoted the great British nineteenth century novelist. George Elliott's who wrote only the agony of partying. Do we look into the depths of Love Roth. It was George George Benson. I'm not sure I'm GONNA say the Nineteenth Century Literature or nine thousand nine hundred eighty so that kind of sense. What is it like how Niger? Hi Joe Faraj was quoting the twentieth century Novelist Spice Goes During his campaign going to tell you what I want what really really wants one is never everyone was that mainly. Yeah that's why we don't delay and continued. We will always love you and we will never be far away. I mean that sounds a little bit story a lot stalker though I mean I I feel like it's a generous move on behalf of the of the e U to uh leave the door as it. Were metaphorically open for the return of of Britain into the woman brace of Europe. But I have the feeling that it's being said in the spirit of kind and smug chuckling behind the like when you when you come crawling when you run away from home when you're sick and your parents are like well we'll keep do you know we'll set the table for you. It has that slight vibe to it but then many kids run away from home when the six end upcoming young hugely successful entrepreneurs so maybe a fact I mean look at what is what is done is what's done right and if by what's done you mean what has now just begun a incredibly long process. That will be arguing about for the next thirty years I am interested to see how it plays out as somebody who has literally no skin in the game
Snake cells grown in the lab produce venom we could use as medicine
"According to the World Health Organization over one hundred thousand people die from snake bites every year and and an estimated four hundred thousand more people are left permanently disabled with injuries like amputations paralysis bleeding disorders and irreversible irreversible. Tissue damage. Just to name a few. It's been called. The world's biggest hidden health crisis. Snake bite is a huge problem with a very the effective solution. anti-venom but anti-venom is made from snake venom itself and making it comes with some significant challenges chiefly chiefly that you need to milk alive snake to get that venom which is a very tricky and laborious process. That means anti-venom is inaccessible. Oh to the people who need it most but all of that could soon change with new research out of you trek university in the Netherlands. Dr Hans Cleavers is one of the world's leading stem cell. Researchers he's known for his pioneering work using human stem cells to grow small model organs called Organiz and in in his lab three of his students employed this technology with snake stem cells to make lab grown venom glands and this could mean the end of of milking snakes Dr Clippers welcomed quirks and quarks high. Now you normally work with human stem cells. How did you end up working with snake stem cells? Yeah that's a good question. I actually asked my three students Who did this in the first place? Why they started doing this? And this is what they call a Friday afternoon experiment. Essentially they took the research from my lap which has been essentially establishing protocols to grow human mini Orange Prince directly from from individual humans. And they asked so what would be the most iconic Oregon Debbie no culture so we we knew how to coach her most human organs by the end and then he came up with this van bland. So what's the fundamental process. Here you want to do to try to make snake venom out of snake stem themselves so you get a small bit of tissue from snake. Venom Bunt grinded up and even smaller pieces we stick of. NHL that mostly just quality and then the anti growth factors the ethic medium and then everything dies in a little bit of tissue exception of the stem cells else start building your started building a mini version of the orbit. Come from in this case snake on land and let me just watched growing Takes about a week date roebuck tenfold. In size many lands be up go for one Petrie dish to temperature dishes The next we go from ten to one hundred issue so these these mini glands grow extremely rapidly. They have the stem cells of glance but they also have the cells that make talk cents. Wow so you're talking about making many organs. What do they look like? So many orange look like a tiny at next one millimeter. Ailing me turn diameter. They're like little backs Whole bags of south essentially the inside of that bag will slowly fill the fan that yeah no defined innovation lab? So they're microscopic versions of the organs that make the Venom and they actually make the venom itself exactly. Have you learned things. Maybe learned that first of all that. The snake venom contains many many different venomous components. We also learned that in Glen. There are different cells of take different dachshunds. So could've easily makes everything turns out that inside the gland specialized cells at each made their own unique set talks. Wow Okay so you have your venom now. The the idea here is to make anti-venom to treat people who've been bitten by snakes how anti-venom anti-venom made currently so how it's done is a snake. Farm has one or more over the most snake species over a particular region and are more than two thousand different snakes. They are milked so vannice. Essentially extracted from plants and that goes straight into a horse. I always had horses and those horses will then make antibodies against him and at the League president their blood and serum era in Expected from these horses and that's sold as so now that you're able to produce venom in the laboratory with your organize. How with with the development of anti-venom change? Yeah so if I would have the money to do this and do it the way that girl drug companies develop these I would. It's very carefully. Look at what what components are in this particular and then by very modern recombinant technologies make an antibody asset and that would involve orse is entirely done in the lab using sophisticated united technologies and there would be no live snakes involved here though well so for every snake venom you would actually have to have your hands or one snake and get tissue and grow organs and then you would have an internal source of that particular. That particular snake can also particular snake. That's out in the wild because you have it's DNA could retain take DNA code and many many other things so the idea is to build up a library of snakes stem cells of different different species. Yeah collaborate with a form who is very public scientists in Holland like like symbol stark. Steve Orbit who travels the world makes movies of fairies animals so he has composed a list of fifty most iconic animals reptiles and he skirted providing uh-huh uh-huh and if you're teaching his lap also to take small tissue on these From all these animals and turn them into organize and create a large by thirty four fifty species start with to start finding out how to best make anti serum but also another important of Asian you can you can design designer drugs for diseases space on venom from snakes. Dr Clubbers thank you very much for your time. Okay thanks and Dr Hans. Cleavers is with the Hubris Institute for Developmental Biology and stem cell research at you tracked university in the Netherlands.
"scurvy" Discussed on Quirks and Quarks
"When you hear the words scurvy you probably think of life on the high seas a few centuries ago for sailors aboard their tiny wooden ships on voyages that could take months vitamin rich fruit and vegetables? Both were as rare as mermaids and scurvy the result of vitamin C deficiency was the result. But I imagine you'd have assume that scurvy had gone the way of those sailing ships. Well think again scurvy is still with us today in Canada in the twenty first century. That was the surprising conclusion season of a new study by Dr Kayla Dowd Gar who investigated modern scurvy as a medical student at McMaster university in Hamilton. She's currently a resident at the Ottawa. Hospital Dr Daddy are welcomed quirks and quarks. Thanks for having me. Let's begin with the disease itself. What exactly is scurvy? What are the symptoms CBS? So scurvy deficiency of vitamin C as you mentioned and you can develop a variety of symptoms from feeling generally unwell too easy bruising bleeding thing tooth loss and a number of other sort of feeling generally unwell a facts but in the most severe cases death has even occurred from scurvy. And that's just from lack of vitamin C me. We're not talking virus here or anything like that. No just lack of vitamin C.. Vitamin C is actually very important For a number of things including Collagen production and Collagen is essential for forming blood vessels. And your hair and things like that so it is quite important. Well we think of scurvy is a disease from another era. How did you investigate? It's modern face. Yeah so my my research supervisor. Dr neary actually diagnosed a case of scurvy in his clinic. And when I heard about that I was quite interested in wanted to you. Know more and understand what led people in modern Hamilton and other major North American cities to develop scurvy. So how did you pursue that. So we did a review of all of the vitamin C. levels levels in Hamilton over a eight year period and then looked at all the levels. That would be low enough to cause scurvy and went through the charts of those individuals visuals to get a sense of what their symptoms were What their causes of scurvy were thought to be by their clinicians and then if they had a response monster vitamin C.? When they were given supplementation the how many people were involved in that so overall we had fifty two patients that were that had vitamin C. levels low enough to cause scurvy and then thirteen of those patients actually have documented signs and symptoms? That would suggest that they actually had clinical scurvy. who were the people who you found that had developed scurvy so there were a number of individuals that had varying reasons since for developing scurvy but in general There were patients with alcohol misuse disorder which often leads to vitamin deficiencies because these individuals tend not ought to consume very much food at all in not much Fruit or vegetables and another category would be patients who had bariatric surgery. Those individuals tend to have vitamin deficiencies. Because we've bypass some of their digestive tract and it's more difficult for them to absorb nutrients as well as Komo ball normal people in our communities who were either afflicted by other mental illnesses very isolated impoverished. Just it just didn't really have the support or access to fresh fruits and vegetables now. Were there illnesses accurately recognized by caregivers. Jason and medical workers there were a few charts that were quite completes that documented all of the signs and symptoms that we would expect with scurvy. But I would. I'd say the vast majority were sort of lacking in the complete assessment that you would hope to have if you're considering scurvy and I think part of that is because we don't often as health providers consider scurvy as a diagnosis. A lot of the symptoms are skirt of scurvy are very nonspecific and and there are a lot of different diagnosis that that could have been causing those symptoms and you really have to think about scurvy and ask about their nutritional. Oh intake in order to come to that conclusion. Well scurvy is because of vitamin C deficiency vitamin CS. Really easy to get these these days. So how much do you need to get rid of this curvy to prevent scurvy. You really only need ten milligrams of vitamin C.. or less per dave And for context an Orange has about five times that amount. So you really need a very monotonous diet over months to develop disease Aziz like this for so how easy is it to get over it then. The patients that we reviewed who were given Vitamin C supplementation Asian actually recovered quite quickly within days. So it is rapidly reversible by providing patients with vitamin C.. So do you think it's it's possible. That scurvy is significantly underdiagnosed in Canada. I would imagine so even you know. This study had a number of limitations nations in order to be included in the study you would have to present to one of the Hamilton hospitals because we didn't include outside labs a doctor would have to have thought out of scurvy and decided to do a vitamin C.. Level because if you were confident that a patient had low vitamin C intake and had symptoms. That might be related to that. What you might just consider giving them vitamin C supplementation? Since it's such an easy treatment so the stepfamily didn't capture all of the patients that would have had low vitamin C. levels in the community and I couldn't really say how many more there are. But I imagine that we're have under reported the the number of cases in that timeframe. So what's the lesson we can learn from your research. I think the lesson is on one hand as a society. We should be looking at how we can do. Better to support individuals like this Who might be isolated and not have access to nutritious foods and because it's such preventable disease? We should have a goal of looking at where the needs are in our communities and pudding some steps in place to prevent this and on the other hand I think that healthcare practitioners should think of scurvy when they see patients that maybe have symptoms similar to this and and ask about their nutritional status and their food intake to get a better idea of whether this is diagnosis. They should be considering and for the rest of his issue. Fruit and vegetables. Yes that would be actually tag are thank you very much for your time. Things are having the doctor. Kayla Guard car is currently a resident at the Ottawa Hospital..
"scurvy" Discussed on Rock N Roll Archaeology
"If they wanted to split. So that Kirk got the biggest cut going forward because he was is writing most of the day fine but their agreement up through never mind was split it all evenly. Yeah Lake retroactively is. You can't just go back and be like no now. I wrote all these songs so I should get all the credit for even though we had this agreement before. That just seems fucking greedy. Yeah definitely it already seems a little title like okay Incur actually had the nerve to call. KRISTEN DIV greedy. The ban became extremely close to breaking up over this. But everyone encouraged Kristen Dave back down and let Kurt have this. One in incur ended up with a seventy five percent cut of the royalties. Jesus all it did was served have to push the guys farther apart right still. They went overseas to make up cancelled. Tour dates it was miserable especially because Kurt was still on heroin and his stomach McCain was out of control. Oh you're saying the heroine didn't help his stomach yeah I think what he would say about that is he would shoot up. Heroin and the pain will go away but as soon as he was coming down off of it will come back because no shit. You're in a state of you. Know Euphoric Stupor for up to ten hours. Yeah so yeah. You're not gonNA feel fucking anything. Yup that's that's how drugs work. That's how that drug works. Hey opioids that's what they do oils boy. Oh Boy Oh boy uh-huh oh boy Ed's we really have a problem in this boy. Oh Ole boy oh boy yeah. It's a real problem. I mean it is it is yes anyway. Anyway he went to great lengths to get drugs on tour including getting them from an AIDS patient. That sketchy Dr hooked him up with. He's taking oh boy weeds from AIDS patients. Why do you addiction has fucking what addiction it does to you and I know we've talked about this? We're going to beat this fucking horse to death. But that's why it's just infuriating. That so many people around him just let it happen when they could have stopped it and then they leave that to stop it and should have at least made it very well known that. It's it's not okay for you to do yet at Joanna sounded like he did it. They knew he was doing it. But they said there's nothing I can do as opposed to yes try and not only was sir nothing I could do but I'm not very close to him so I'm not going to try. I get it. It is defeating to know that he's probably not gonNA listen to you. I'll try yeah and a lot of people in his circle. Just let it happen. And that's ridiculous. Would you are kidding. Oh boy it's from an AIDS patient. Yeah sketchy doctor and know your come on. That's really when they become. Oh boy. It's yeah it is so oh boy into Welker was supposedly clean during the tour in only taking leaky Methadone pills. As soon as he got back home he started right up with heroin again. He was spending four hundred dollars a day on drugs and what have spent more if he could take more than four hundred dollars a day out of the ATM. Yeah that's that's the problem. Yeah that's almost twice as much as it is now. I think the difference between scene one hundred dollars in nine hundred ninety one or nineteen. Ninety two Two now is like it would be one hundred and seventy dollars now. That's almost twice voices much. That's a lot. He had a moment of clarity realizing his baby was about to be born and he didn't want to be hooked on heroin when the big moment happens good so he checked himself into Rehab at Cedars Sinai Hospital on August Fourth Nineteen ninety-two. This wasn't the first time attempting Rehab and it wouldn't be his last last aside from getting off heroin. There was another plus to going to Rehab. He finally got his stomach issues. Looked at okay good. Doctors put him through a slew of of tests x-rays and Cat Scans according to Michael Azar. Add the author of the book that I was reading. The verdict was a pinched nerve in his back that led to his stomach causing undue amounts of pain and vomiting all right but he didn't do anything about it. Oh if he actually did get it. Diagnosed diagnosed as something didn't do anything about it so he just continued using heroin over the course of the next few years is the author just assume that this is the problem or is this what some doctors were saying was the problem. No this is what He. This is what Kurt told him. Oh yes because the author of the book Michael as read he was following Nirvana around. He spent a lot of time with her. And all of the quotes uses in the book are directly away from Kurt to him and it's a firsthand account holy Shit so Kurt knew what was wrong. Yeah chose not to do anything all you have to do. I mean all you have to do but get some surgery. Try something granted. They might not have had that much knowledge about it at that point but still like you would think there would be some kind kind of like physical therapy or something. There's definitely people getting back surgery back. Then yeah like they knew how to do back surgery by ninety two so yeah yeah it but now you know it's easier getting heroin heroin go. That's sad when your healthcare so bad. It's like it'd be easier though heroin. Yeah meanwhile shit was about to hit the fucking fan for Kurt. And Courtney. Oh Yeah it was. Fantasy Fair magazine released. Its September one thousand nine hundred to issue with a featured story on courtney the photos of a pregnant naked courtney in see through lingerie wasn't what made people clutch their pearls. What what did was cornelis admission that she was using heroin in her? First Trimester not something you tell. Vanity Fair Courtney. Yeah that's really really know you. We're really proud of the fact that you used and still manage to carry a baby full term a healthy baby which is great awesome but maybe not something to gloat about magazine and this is a weird. An unusual misstep for Corny. I think because usually she knows what she's doing doing when she puts herself in front of the camera in with a journalist and whatever's she for some reason thought this was going to be like a nice little story about her her and her music and stuff. It's like you had one EP. That was released a year before this came out you. Oh have nothing coming down the line. Nobody knows who your band is. The only reason Vanity Fair wants to talk to. You is because you're Kurt cobain's junkie wife who is pregnant with their babies pregnant with possibly there junkie baby right so what he knows that you're not using yes so of course they're not going to be fucking Nice Nice to you. They want the juice. Yeah they want all the detail they start all the rumors so they can sell magazines. They grabbed that citrus. A truce and justice for all. It's worth a we's that orange and they weren't there to like handle you gently. Yeah no no one cared. That she didn't know she. She was pregnant and stopped using immediately after she found out right. It caused an uproar. Anyway in children's services got involved they took the cobain's to court where where the use of Vanity Fair article and urine tests approve they. Kurt and Courtney were abusing drugs and she didn't have custody of their as yet unborn child. They also ordered. Kurt go to a detox program. Even though he was already in one oh so like he would have to finish out that program then immediately go to another detox program. Their defense he could benefit from two in a row. Yeah just to like reaffirm everything. He learned the first time. Yeah Guy on August eighteenth nineteen. Ninety-two Corny gave birth to Frances Bean Cobain at Cedar Sinai Hospital the same one. Where Kurt I was going through Rehab? No let's comedian. Yeah Courtney personally walked across the hospital to drag her husband into the delivery room screaming at him the entire time I'm encouraged promptly passed out Mrs Daughters Birth. Oh yeah apparently he was on sleeping pills. Oh Jeez like prescribed ones in them place or is he sneaking him. Oh I'm sure. They were prescribed contrary to popular belief. Aleve Francis was not named after Francis Farmer but rather after Francis McKee of the Scottish band the vast leans okay. They're really loved them. Vessel Leans they did head ever the trendsetters. They were one of the first celebrity couples to give their kid weird middle name getting the name. Bean from you guessed it a fucking bean we like beings. Yeah they're really. They're really into beans. They thought she looked like a kidney. Bean on her Sonogram I me me and so. They named her beans who they realize. All do is look like kidney beans because that's just what it looks like in there. Yeah I don't know they were on drugs. They were drugs. You're right. You're right two weeks. After Francis was born child. Services took her away from current Corny. They they were forced to surrender custody. Two Courtney Sister Jamie and we're not allowed to be alone with their own daughter. That's really harsh. That kinda sucks and I do feel for for Courtney at this point. Because she was going through postpartum depression they was literally two weeks after she gave birth and At that time they were both clean. You know that's that's a really big mess step in the system and I get why they did it. 'cause you're like oh I'm hearing all these things but it was all based on speculation and yeah and the Vanity Fair article if they drug tested. Like Kurtz already whatever in Rehab. But if they drug test the courtney courtney she should lean so. Why wouldn't you at least drug tested before you decide to take your kid away right? That's not fair at her. Like this is probably the one time we will side with courtney like this is. This is kind of bullshit. Yeah because they were clean and I feel like this was a real slap in the face to trying to stay clean yet. If you're not do they hold this. Yeah this really didn't help the struggle. If you're still getting your kid take annoy when you try to be clean. Why is there an incentive for you to not use again right? He you spent the better part of Nineteen ninety-two battling courts. Submitting regular urine tests and hemorrhaging money in an attempt to get custody Francis back eventually they did but the media Shit Shit Storm. It caused a huge black mark. On the couple. Now the entire world thought of Corneas Lowlife Junkies. The worst parents that ever lived and they didn't even really have a chance. Stephen Be Parents at this point and they didn't even have a chance to defend themselves. Yeah that's this is Kinda fucked up again. They're finally books clean and they just get shed on for. Yeah rumors of Nirvana breaking up. Also dogged the band Kurtz hospitalizations force them to release a statement saying no. He's not in the hospital for drugs. He's there because of health reasons. This led to people thinking he was on death store and the ban was breaking. Oh my gosh. Whatever the most dramatic story they can build as basically Siklie? Those rumors couldn't have been farther from the truth but the ban still had fun with them at the end of August. Ninety two the ban headline England's reading festival Kurt dressed in a hospital gown and doing his best to look frail and weak on my was rolled out onto the stage in a wheelchair. He Shakily he got up. Sang a bar. Two of the rose by Bette midler and then collapsed only immediately shot back up and launched into breed. The The joke was an outright jab at the English tabloids which surprise surprise..
Lemonade with Abigoliah Schamaun and guest Nell Gifford
"I am a feminist but today Yoga I overheard a woman in the shoe area saying will men men like to claim this way but women to scrub. That's the difference between men and women how they clean and I wanted to say. Excuse me I don't want to be rude. But these binary ways that we talk about men and women do invite a certain culture that says that somehow Manohla always like this and women are like this best you kind of know to cleaning trend. You kind of noted agenda trend. Don't undermine that but saying men do and women do that. It's actually not that helpful but what I wanted to say. Even more was how common link to clean because I missed that pond. I heard that women's scrubbing wing section. How to clean because as far as I can make out not at all but what I did say was nothing talk? Get involved in this lady's life I don't know she doesn't need be tapping around the shoulder and telling her about does not but it's annoying. That would have been really fun though. So if you just gone up and being excuse me I don't think you should prescribed a cleaning gender binary now must stay and then just like and then like the little bells you know the the meditation Gong goes off and then you just evaporate. That bowl sounds off bowl. That could've been my interruption. Maybe it could have Donald Binary that yeah. I must not do that because I feel. It's going to be steeply culturally insensitive. I don't think we should throw that right. I'm a feminist but the last time I I was on the guilty feminist podcast I tweeted about it. I put it on instagram. I shared it on facebook and my mother called me and said congratulations nations. I've listened to the PODCAST. It's very good. You're very funny. Deborah's a lovely person. I just need you to know that you spelled feminists wrong in every single one of your posts. Oh every single. Oh No I cry ball. TURNS ZACK turns out. YOU DON'T SPELL FEMINISTS DEMAND S. I think you put a man into feminist. Yeah stop it right now. It's very on brand for me. I can't spell it the best time I remember in the second grade we were allowed to pick five words to be on our own spelling tests. That were special to us that we needed to learn how to spell so I had to put my name on spelling second grade. I was like nine and I still was like no the nine in the second grade. I think so are nine and six. Are you six. I think I'm nine and everything when in doubt I'm always like when I was nine number you would not nine. I'm a feminist but if I had to give up feminism or yoga for one week it'd depend where my head was Some weeks I really need yoga. I get it. I'm the same way I mean it's only a week. I wouldn't actively anti-feminist but if I had to rest all NAMA state I get it. I am a feminist but whenever I wear a crop top onstage to show my stomach and a fellow curvy woman comes up to me after the show and touches me lightly on the Elbow Elbow and goes I love your body positively. I WANNA puncher. That is the exact same thing as a guy coming up to me. Going your your tits. Look good in that top. It is not to be discussed. It is only to be enjoyed in silence. Yeah I agree because on the live tour I had this this big green sequent Cape and one night. I happened to be walking posted on summers and they had the same green sequence in full please swimsuit saw so. I thought pretty funny if I had that on them with trousers over the tall swimsuit was like a body suit type thing green sequence and I thought it was funny and kind of cabaret but look good and then afterwards one of the other acts message me and said I just want to say that my friend was in the audience tonight and you really inspired her to buy a swimsuit because she didn't WanNa buy some soup for holidays and you're such an inspiration to she. Thought if Debra can do it also the swimsuit so let me a fucking swimsuit inspiration. Yeah I want people look at me and think I can't do that. Why was it no look at the swimsuit go? I would never be able to pull it off. Don't find inspiration in my no. I wanted to have it. What does that mean? Yeah I've been able to let it go. I've not been able to let it go. I'm feminist bus. I saw a cat dressed two two two so that it looks like it had arms coming out of it cites it was like a front only situation like a babe but it looks at the front like the cat is wearing wearing a pink Tutu with point shoes and my first thought was. Where can I get one of those for toast? It's not a feminist outfit. Not Not that balance isn't feminist but to address your cat in. I guess well we have to question the agency of the cat at this point. Yeah does does the CAT WANNA be in sequence toast would no. I'm a feminist but I think top gear in the grand tour. Where are the best television? I've ever seen I genuinely think Jeremy Clarkson and may make the best. Tell you Joe Kendo thank you thank you. I thought I would be a really alone in that like so much okay. I'm a feminist. But if someone was like would you you like to sit down and Rewatch fleabag or the grand tour. GRANDPA I love it. Yeah Yeah Oh no no no no no no no no. I'm not saying it's hotter. I'm not better. I'm not saying it's better than flashback. Because they are completely different things but I am saying as far as entertainment easily consumable television grant towards like Doritos. Just can't get enough from the customer spontaneity shop. That's the best. It Guest Co host Avocados special guest. This is the guilty feminist. The podcast in which we explore on noble goals was twenty-first-century feminists hypocrisies and insecurities which undermine them. I'm I'm Deborah Francis. Mike with me is Gosh. Amman on we're talking about lemonade lemonade. When life she lemons make lemonade? Yup the beyond say album of the same name and I think think that applies to women a lot applies to feminists allot. I was thinking about brexit being such a thing if life she lemons we might have to make celebrity and then I thought who am I. Kidding is if we're going to have access to fresh citrus. We're not GONNA have any. I read something today where they Sainsbury said that. There's going to be like like gaps on the shelves. They're just not gonna be able to get stuff in the brexit well. I was just thinking when it comes to Brexit when life gives you limit your like yeah we have lemons. Yes turned turn. It can't wait when life gives you lemons at least you won't have scurvy is very much the brexit no deal slogan hope. Boris puts it on a bus US going to campaign to say. Hey We got through the blitz. That's basically what is going to be. But I always think because people do say we got through the blitz bursting but we didn't vote for the blitz and if we had accidentally voted for the blades we would have had a second referendum and said. Aw please so I'm saying blitz. I think that should be the new BREXIT HASHTAG DOC is Hashtag nope blitz absolutely so my story in terms of Lemons and lemonade. I think my whole career is actually lemonade. That I've made the lemon of
Vitamines and Vitamins
"In nineteen twelve a Polish biochemist Casimir funk published an article all about food substances that could prevent diseases such as Berry Berry and scurvy. FUNK's analysis showed that these disease preventing food substances might might be members of a family of chemicals called AAH means these substances were vital for a healthy diet so funk called them vital AAH means or vitamins vitamins spelled like vitamins but with an e at the end that was nineteen twelve by one thousand nine sixteen there was evidence that these disease preventing running food substances might not actually be what chemists call means the name vitamin was thrown out in favor of the names fat-soluble Hay hey and water soluble be only those two types were known at the time in one thousand nine hundred twenty another chemist wrote that the names fat soluble able a and water soluble B were unwieldy he suggested dropping the e from the old word vitamin and calling the substances ince's vitamins whatever the substances might turn out to be the name vitamin would
Is Sparkling Water Good For You?
"Today's episode is brought to you by ibm. Smart is open open is smart. I._b._m.'s combining their industry expertise with open source leadership of red hat. Let's unlock the world's potential. Let's put smart to work learn more at i._b._m. Dot com slash red hat. Welcome to brainstorm production of iheartradio mark. Hey brain stuff. Lauren vocal bomb here as consumer preferences veered towards more quote unquote natural ingredients in their foods and beverages diet. Soda sales are dropping in place of soda. Carbonated waters like seltzer water are tingling evermore tongues americans are buying three three times as much of the staff as they did a decade ago and although there are plenty of reasons to give up the artificial sweeteners and diet soda could all those bubbles potentially bad for us to i let sit on a bit of carbonated water lingo. Sparkling water is a type of mineral water. That's bottled at the source. Think brands like perry. The minerals in them are naturally occurring and the carbonation might be too although some manufacturers might add bubbles for more zip salter waters biting bubbles rules are all created artificially but they have no other added ingredients save for sometimes flavorings of some sort either natural or artificial a side note here natural flavoring means. This chemical was derived from plants or animals including laboratory farmed microorganisms and official means. This chemical was synthesized in a laboratory from other chemicals. A natural chemical and an artificial chemical may be molecular identical and batches of the one labelled artificial might actually be more pure because they were synthesized in the carefully controlled lab anyway other than sparkling water and seltzer water. There are the offshoots of carbonated water that have other added ingredients. The club soda is a seltzer water with added minerals and sodium potentially table salt or even baking soda both of which reduce acidity and conjure flavor that for many drinkers anchors is more reminiscent of natural spring water tonic water is altogether another entity typically loaded with sugars and a dash of cleaning making it more soda soda pop then seltzer all of these bubbling waters. Oh their existence to an eighteenth century english preacher named joseph priestley who created a technique that forced carbon a oxide gas in two regular old flat water when held together under pressure the gas remained in the water indefinitely in till it was released into a glass and the gas began and the process of floating out the drinker finally enjoyed the refreshing tingle of carbonation on their tongue leader researchers found that forcing carbon dioxide in water has has some notable side effects. It makes the water a bit more acidic which adds some bite to flavors it also helps to preserve the drink to make taste fresher longer priestly erroneously crony asleep touted his revolutionary drank away for sailors to beat back the effects of scurvy during long voyages and even rigged up a portable system that allowed them to create carbonated water on aboard ships on demand so our modern health conscious consumers mistakenly believing other health benefits of sensors and their kin a two do those one study found that sparkling mineral water caused slightly greater dental rozhin than stillwater but according to the report quote levels remained low and were of the order of one hundred <unk> times less than the competitor soft drinks and two thousand seven study found that flavored sparkling waters could be just as creative as orange juice to the teeth but all the flavored waters in the study contained citric acid which can be highly erosive. We spoke by email with marissa more registered dietitian here in atlanta she she said that beyond those issues bubbling water is rather innocuous quote. The carbonation may cause bloating for some and or feelings of fullness but overall. It's a fine way to hydrate eight and especially helpful for those who don't particularly enjoy still or flat water and if you're trying to lose weight by cutting your caloric intake that feeling of fullness might even be a benefit and fizzy water might be a good way to entice you into drinking more h. Two o. moore said seltzer water is a fun and effective way to hydrate particularly for those who wouldn't drink water otherwise if you have any digestive issues or effects from seltzer water then you might cut back or even steer clear of it otherwise i'd say consider enjoying your seltzer with a meal instead of solo or rinsing with plain water afterwards. Today's episode was written by nathan chandler and produced by tyler clang brains devos's production of iheartradio's. How stuff works for more on this and lots of other efforts topics visit our home planet. How stuff works dot com and for podcast from iheart radio is iheartradio app apple podcasts or wherever you listen to your favorite shows. Today's episode is brought to you by ibm. Smart smart is open. Open is smart. I._b._m.'s combining their industry expertise with open source leadership of red hat. Let's unlocked the world's potential. Let's put smart to work learn more at i._b._m. Dot com slash red hat.
NASA ScienceCast 293: A Successful Mission Starts With Nutrition
"The successful mission starts with nutrition. Presented by science at NASA. Centuries ago. Large wooden ships explored the seven seas but often ship that began its voyage with the crew of hundreds could return with tens the silent killer scurvy a disease that occurs. When there's a lack of vitamin c in the diet on the other extreme explorers of the north and south poles could fall ill by eating the liver of polar bears and seals exposing them to toxic levels of vitamin A. Centuries of exploration have taught us there is a vital relationship between a successful exploration, mission and balanced nutrition and nowhere is that lesson. More vital than in the extreme fastness of outer space, NASA, nutritionist and manager for nutritional biochemistry, Scott, m Smith PHD notes were studying nutrition aboard the international space station, or I assess by tracking what astronauts eat and how their body mass and health change over time in microgravity. Menus that lack variety and busy schedules can impact the astronauts dietary intake and insufficient intake leads to weight or mass loss bone and muscle loss, cardiovascular effects and more the foods on our all shelf stable there is no refrigerator or freezer for food right now. We're lucky because we're able to deliver fresh fruits and vegetables to the station, but think about the first human trip to Mars and back, which may take thirty months or more. How do we maintain optimal nutrition for our astronauts over that much time? The challenge is clear in space, the astronauts environment impacts, their nutritional needs, astronauts have higher radiation exposure, higher atmosphere levels of carbon dioxide, low humidity and microgravity which can all have effects on their health, having a balanced nutritious diet is important to help counteract spaceflight effects. On the body. These can have short term consequences like on mood and performance and kidney stone risk and raises. Long-term concerns such as bone and muscle loss. Cardiovascular degradation impairment of the immune function and vision changes Smith says the foods, we give them we'll be of utmost importance for counteracting these affect s-, which is why we need to find ways to keep the food palatable nutritious and safe even after it stored for months or years keeping an eye on intake will be important to currently on ISS, astronauts, use an ipad app to track intake, and this gives them real time information on their diet the nutrition team and flight surgeons also watch this information to help provide feedback to astronauts. This attention to astronaut nutrition is also paying dividends for those on earth. Smith notes that astronauts on board the space station have already delivered a plethora of nutritional data that can be applied to all people. He says we've gained new insights into how nutrition can have affected on all human systems, including dietary effects on bone loss, which affects the elderly in particular, and how to better treat that condition and others. Of course, says Smith a simple start for people on earth to maintain optimal health is the same as it's been for centuries. Keep eating your fruits and veggies for more science from the international space station. Go to WWW dot NASA dot gov slash ISS staff. Science for more appetizing information about space exploration. Visit science dot NASA dot gov.
"scurvy" Discussed on This Podcast Will Kill You
"Right. As you age might be like your metabolism slows down. You're just not hungry. You're tired or you also if you aren't working, you might not have a lot of money, etc. So you're eating things that. Yeah. So it's definitely I haven't heard the term bachelor scurvy. Yeah. But yeah, it definitely that's a population. That would definitely be at risk for scurvy and one thing that I found interesting is that. Clearly, scurvy still happens. Rain scurvy, still happens everywhere. All it takes is just not eating fruits and vegetables. So he's not hard to get scurvy. If you think about someone only eating like, toast and rice or something like that or to Suzy can Giorgia soup. Whatever. Yes. So that's scurvy in the world today. Wow. Okay. Very interesting. Yeah. I had fun doing this. I love this that it was a really fun departure. I loved seeing germ theory from the other side. Yeah. We've never seen that yet. How fun and I'm sorry. There weren't more pirates. You know, I made them enough. I just can't shoving the pirates. I mean, the thing is is that pirates were just a part of all of that the sailors if you wanna read about sailor's pirates. Let's talk about sources. Let's okay. Great transition by. So I read a book by Kenneth carpenter, which I mentioned earlier called the history of scurvy in vitamin c it is extensively. Well, researched is great. It's a really thorough book. Also history of scurvy vitamin C by Howard, celebrate in the book, vitamin c in health and disease. The Cambridge will history of human disease and then a couple of articles which will post. Yes, we will post all of articles that we use on our website. This podcast will kill you dot com. You can find those under our episodes tab each episode. We have all of our booklets and our article lists. If you are for some reason, especially interested in any of the case reports shoot us an Email at this podcast will kill you at gmaiLcom. And I'd be happy to send you those. You also can find us on Twitter at teepee w k y and this podcast will kill you on Instagram where we post lots of pictures and cool stuff that we find about each episode. Thank you to blood mobile for providing the music for this episode and all of our episodes. We love it and thanks to you for listening. Yeah. We really like making this hot cast, and it makes us happy that we're not the only ones who listen to ourselves. Talking. Yeah. Until next time wash your hands and eat a bell pepper.
"scurvy" Discussed on This Podcast Will Kill You
"Food in like bags from organizations that send them to them right or things like that. Or they might just have severe malnutrition to begin with and so- scurvy is very very common. Like, you kind of mentioned. It's very very common syndrome that comes along with generalized, malnutrition, right? And part of that is because since vitamin C. You can't store it in your body for very long. It's it's not one of the first things necessarily that you'll end up like dying from, but it is something that relatively early on like within a month or two of having not in a food. You can end up with scurvy of scurvy the other populations that it can happen to our lower income populations that can't afford fresh fruits and vegetables because the thing about vitamin C is that it breaks down relatively easily. So even if you're eating foods that in theory have vegetables. In them, if they are all canned foods, or they're all microwaved to oblivion then you're not actually getting any of the vitamin C that might be in those foods. So even though you're eating a can of chicken tortilla soup that has bell peppers in it, you're not getting any of that vitamin c from those Bill peppers. And that's an actual real case that I found in Houston of a woman who was eating only chicken tortilla soup to try and lose weight and she ended up with scurvy diagnosed in Houston couple years ago, trying to wait. Yeah. Okay. Yeah. Yeah. And so so there's kind of we've already hit on to population. Just one kind of soup one soup. Did she say why she chose that particular soup? What brand quote chicken soup? So I got for you. Anyways. Yeah. Eat your vegetables. Yeah. I mean, that's sort of the the long and short of it. Yes. We can happen in low income populations. It can happen in displaced populations. It can happen. Also in populations maybe with mental illnesses who aren't eating who maybe who aren't eating at all who or who aren't eating fresh, fruits and vegetables. Maybe they're only eating toast, or they're only drinking something or whatever. Right. Yes. There are definitely still populations both in this country in every country. Definitely is still an issue. It still happens. The only numbers that I saw some articles claimed that the overall rates of scurvy or of vitamin c deficiency rather not of scurvy necessarily could be anywhere from two percent or seven percent in countries like the US to up to forty five percent in in other countries and the other population. In that it can happen to is children whether because they're very picky eaters, or because they also don't have access to foods that are fresh. I also read something speaking populations bachelor scurvy. Was some attorney that was used frequently. And this was to refer to old older men, lived alone or widower scurvy who lived alone, and this was largely in like the early nineteen hundreds and just did not need any fresh food. They just eight. Yeah. Yeah. It definitely is an older populations are especially at risk for sure because they might not be eating much at all..
"scurvy" Discussed on This Podcast Will Kill You
"That was discovered to be the vitamin C that so many people had been looking for which would get him a Nobel prize actually for that effort. Now that the compound was isolated and described affirma- cynical company immediately took out patents to commercially produce vitamin, of course, make a fortune one. But eventually access to Venemen see became very cheap and easy. And it's also in a lot of fresh fruits and vegetables. Yeah. Didn't you figure that out pretty quickly? They were like, oh, this is in tons of everything that right? Oh, yeah. Okay. Yeah. No. It was mostly was testing these these foods. Okay. For that. They were all found relatively quickly. The throughout once once item and see was discovered though cases of scurvy really dropped off. And they were a few cases here and there with a fad diet were you just drink green tea for. That's it and Honey or something tea and fen fan baby. No my God. But I'm guessing that scurvy didn't completely disappear. So Erin, tell me where do we stand with scurvy today? I loved to. They're basically are no solid numbers on how many cases of scurvy exist in the world in twenty eight twenty seventeen or twenty six senior the two thousands for that matter. Okay. So it's a radically. It's definitely not a ready. I really feel. I've said this on a few episodes already this season. I really tried hard to find numbers on this. I couldn't everyone if you're playing a drinking game that's related to the podcast. That's one of the roles. Yeah. Anyways. CDC WHO FDA. They all failed me, nobody has numbers fighting. Yeah. I'm I'm ready to fight some of. And I I have a feeling that it's in large part because because this is a disease that is so easily treatable and preventable. It's not reportable in any real way. Right. It's not something that people are necessarily keeping tabs on at national or international levels. Okay. That doesn't mean that it's gone when you search for epidemiological information on the status of scurvy. What you find are tons like dozens, and dozens of case reports case reports are win physicians after they see a case of something that they don't see very often, they write it up. But I found lots of lots of them all of the US all over Australia Europe. This is happening. Not just in places that we in the US might think sound far away this even happens in the United States. Even as recently as the last few. Two years this year. I'm sure there's been cases of scurvy, but the real question that that remains about scurvy isn't even necessarily how many cases there are. But why these cases are happening because we know exactly what the causes. We know exactly how to prevent entreated. And it's very easy. You don't even need any drugs. You just need a bell pepper or potato or an orange or a piece of broccoli. Right. Right. That's all it takes. What is standing in the way of people getting having access to that kind of food or supplement in another way. Exactly. And so that's really what it comes down to is for the most part. The people who end up getting scurvy have a lack of access. So scurvy tends to still happen today in modern times in populations like refugee populations that might not have access to any fresh fruits or vegetables and have a very limited diet in terms of what they can access and what they're able to eat because they might be getting..
"scurvy" Discussed on This Podcast Will Kill You
"But it just speaks to the fact that there was still active debate on the cause and thus the treatment of scurvy viewing disease as a deficiency rather than as a positive state was a really difficult thing for people to conceptualize, especially when everyone was looking for the thing, pathogen toxin, whatever that actively caused disease. It was way pastime for some real experiments to begin. Fortunately in the nineteen hundreds experimental studies of scurvy, became popular and more importantly possible. Thanks to a very lucky choice of animal model. Oh my God. I was just going to say how could they have done? Did. They just happen to choose Guinea pigs. Yeah. Are you serious? Okay. Okay. So there's a reason behind this is I I am amazed right now because our animals a freaking Guinea pig. You choose home. I gosh. I don't remember. If we've talked about what animal models are before in this podcast. I don't know we've kind of mentioned them, but we haven't explained them necessarily. Yeah. Yeah. I mean, basically in medical research, if you're trying to learn more about human disease or treatment for a disease. You can't really do a lot of experimental research on humans directly. So it's really important to have an animal in which the disease act similar to the way. It doesn't. Humans. Yeah. Anyway, the issue of an appropriate animal model for scurvy had come up before. Because as I mentioned some animals can synthesize their own vitamin C. So rats had been a popular lab animal at this time lab rats and pigeons, actually, but lab rats were viewed as like in infection carrying and gross like the tide had turned against rats around this time, and they were really gross. But Guinea pigs have started to be imported as pets for children and his little just cute things. And so possibly lab animals. Oh, my God says some guy named axel Holst somewhat randomly chose a Guinea pig as a model for scurvy, and it just happened to work the amount of coincidence in science and scientific discoveries is finan. Comino? Yeah. So now the experiments could begin and they would show that scurvy was directly related to diet and fresh fruits vegetables, raw milk, some kinds of meat prevented scurvy. The are so many important names that contributed to this research, but I wanna quickly shout out Dr Harriet chick who's lab in London consisted almost exclusively a women because all men were at army labs during World War One. I love it and her research show that the amount of raw milk fed to a Guinea pig determined whether or not the animal would get scurvy. Wow. Harry yet harriett. So they knew what scurvy. So they knew that scurvy was related to diet. But what was the unifying thing in all of these anti scrupulous foods, vitamin C, which at that point was still unknown. Yeah. It was just called vitamin C because vitamin A and B. I had already been found as attritional factors which that were necessary for the growth of rats, wait survey just found these compounds. And they just were like, okay, we'll how this vitamin A, and we'll call this when vitamin B N. So with this when they were trying to figure out scurvy. They were just like, we know it's something different. So we're going to call it vitamin C. But we have no idea what it is. I was just a numbering system and naming system for things they don't know. Yeah. That's amazing. I think a and b might have been known. I'm not sure about. Yeah. See was not that is so whole Larrea. Yeah. In nineteen thirty a Hungarian chemist named Albert sent Georgi isolated a compound, which was later name. A scorebig acid also anti score Buick scorebig. You just blew my what's up..
"scurvy" Discussed on This Podcast Will Kill You
"You could travel by sea from port like Boston all the way around the tip of South America and back up or you could take a boat down to Panama and walk across the narrowest part of the country. There was no canal yet and then. You would take a boat on the? Up to northern California. Wow. But basically the journey was very long in scurvy was almost inevitable. And if you didn't come down with scurvy on your way to California, you were sure to get it. Once you were there that part of California was fairly remote at that time with few farms so gold miners, mostly eight flap Jackson, the Lassus. Yeah. Forty nine five jacks. That's the thing. If you wanted to eat onions or potatoes get ready to fork over all of the goal that you found. That's so man capitalism. Right starts way. Back win. Scurvy was also really common in many Arctic and Antarctic expeditions unless they found enough seals or penguins to eat as long as they ate the meat mostly raw. Unlike humans, not all animals as we mentioned have to acquire the vitamin C through diet. And so if you ate the flesh of these animals that producer vitamin c like many people who actually who are native to those parts of the world. They would just eat raw or bare league. Barely cooked. Yeah. Meat and beautifully vitamin C sear on that penguin breasts. So you need very cool. I like that a lot. Also during the great famine in Ireland in eighteen forties. Scurvy appeared alongside starvation since the potato crop, which had failed was the usual source of vitamin c for those populations in the late eighteen hundreds and early nineteen hundreds scurvy starts appearing unexpectedly in a strange population babies born to wealthy families. Oh, oh, I know exactly where this is going from. Basically these mothers weren't choosing to breastfeed. And instead they gave their children formula, which they could afford to buy mixed in with milk, which had been pasteurized and vitamin C inactivated. Yeah. In the past these mothers would have given their infant to a wet nurse. So they would have gotten vitamin C that way. Yeah. 'cause you your breast milk is full of vitamin c. Yeah. As long as the mother has adequate vitamin c intake. Amidst all these outbreaks of land scurvy was a renewed interest in finding out what the cause of the disease really was and people had some nifty new ideas. In most of the episodes of this podcast. This is when germ theory pops up as a shining beacon to light the way for vaccines and antibiotics but not so for scurvy. No, not so no because scurvy is an infectious disease. Yeah. But that's not what a handful of people thought in the mid eighteen hundreds fine. So when germ theory began to catch on. Pause for laughter. Sorry. It was trendy to call every disease contagious love this. Isn't it? Amazing. Yeah. But it also I do feel like to their credit scurvy has a lot of symptoms that I would totally believe seem infectious, right? Bleeding from your gums. You've got these sources and source everywhere. Like that totally looks infect and you can often get secondary infections on top of it. So well and also doesn't usually happen to just one person. Yes, that's true. Yeah. It's groups of people. Yeah. For instance. The guy who showed that to regular was contagious. His name is Jean Antoine via mean, I don't know. He says name said quote scurvy is a contagious maya's them comparable to typhus which occurs. An epidemic form when people are closely congregated in large groups, it is ridiculous to suppose that a lack of fresh vegetables is the cause of the disease. And we're laughing sorry from laundry fifty years later. No. I mean, yes, we're laughing you? But also, it's cute way. Sure. Another person suggested that lime juice was affective because it acted as an antibacterial mouthwash. I love that. These opinions were in the minority..
"scurvy" Discussed on This Podcast Will Kill You
"Fresh fruit onboard isn't a realistic solution since they would all spoil before you got to your destination. Yeah. So maybe you make a drink out of it to store it, but you have to preserve in some way like maybe boil it. So the next time you go you bring barrels of boiled lemon drink which little do, you know is actually useless against scurvy because the boiling actually inactivates the vitamin C does. Guys does when your crew gets sick from scurvy, even well, drinking, the lemon juice like well, okay? I guess it's not citrus and the links between what caused scurvy what prevented it and what treated it? They just weren't very straightforward. All right throw into that defect. That scurvy was also successfully treated by certain plants and the consumption of fresh meat, and you can see why it remains such a mystery and problem for so long, even with all this knowledge. It's interesting though, that in Egypt their remedy was just a blanket fresh fruits and vegetables, which is more broad, right? We're not trying to get. So specific like you need to have a citrus fruit. It's interesting, but I buy I guess they're just like it's hard. It's interesting. And it's I mean, I do think I do think that we have a tendency to look back negatively on the observation powers. Sure people and I think that's not fair necessarily. Considering the context in which they live, right? Yeah. And I really I think the way that you put it in context is really it makes it a lot more clear. So thank you. But people had to do something money and goods, I mean lives are being lost. In walks James Lind, an officer in the British Royal Navy who in the seventeen hundreds decides to run a clinical trial for scurvy curative. Oh my gosh. Wow. Very exciting. Yeah. I'm not sure that it would pass a medical review board today. That's not really the issue. They usually wouldn't know one group of men with scurvy would be given oranges and lemons another apple cider and a third nothing. Okay. And there were other treatments in there as well. As you might predict the ones who ate the oranges and lemons recovered, the fastest followed by the apple cider group and the third group just didn't get better. Did they eventually give them oranges? Or did. They know. This was a pretty resounding answer though to how to prevent scurvy. Yeah. Eat citrus. Yeah. Lind wrote up his results and thoughts which were widely read it would take about forty years for his advice to be heated in the late seventeen. Hundreds the practice of providing lime or lemon juice to British sailors began, hence, the nickname limi- a slow the words for lemon lime were interchangeable both in English and many other. Yeah. Languages as we have Lima Lima. We've learned. I have a question. Yeah. You keep saying that they would eat lemons. Uh-huh. Would they use like Chow Dona? We're lemons different back, then because I cannot imagine just showing down on Levin mostly it would be like lemon juice would do. So they would maybe add sugar or okay? Yeah. I was just picturing them like here. Son, chewy lemon. And I was like, wow, people were bowled back. Then. So even though sailors were being given lemon lime juice. This didn't really mean that scurvy disappeared at all throughout the eighteen hundreds. It's still popped up on some of the ships that were giving their crew lemon juice mostly because during the preparation the vitamin C was inactivated in some way. But it also started appearing more and more on land in prisons, for instance, where certain prisoners were denied potatoes. And onions, I don't know why in California gold rush country like our firsthand account. So if you wanted to try your hand at gold prospecting, you had to either travel by land in a wagon across the entire US..
"scurvy" Discussed on This Podcast Will Kill You
"Cook. For instance, constantly restocked his ships with fresh fruit and vegetables, where wherever they stopped, and I think he had just like one case of scurvy. Wow. Screw wow. Yeah. And just because you were on land during this time. Didn't mean you were safe from scurvy, in fact, around the same time that people started sailing these long distances they started to settle in unfamiliar far off lands where they didn't really know how to survive, for instance, in the first year of the English settlement of Jamestown in Virginia. Many people died of scurvy along with many other illnesses and just straight up starvation of the five hundred that arrived in August of sixteen o nine only sixty were left alive in may sixteen ten oh less later. Holy cow. Jamestown was almost like almost failed completely allow several French expeditions to the great white north of Canada. Also debilitated by scurvy when they stayed too long and head to over winter in Quebec and around there is that where our first hand account came from. No, our first hand account came from California goldrush. If you're interested in this. You can read all about these expeditions. And so so so many more that we just don't have time for in Kenneth carpenters. The history of scurvy in vitamin c. Clearly scurvy had become a pretty big problem in a short amount of time. And it's impact was only continuing to grow, especially as commercial shipping increase throughout the sixteen seventeen hundreds with so many lives, aka wealth at stake. Finding a cure preventative for scurvy was a pretty pressing matter. Yeah. And you would think based on the fact that valid remedies had been written about thousands of years before. Yeah. And that many people on these voyages reported getting instantly better after landing somewhere and eating fruits and vegetables for the first time in ten weeks that the issue of prevention or treatment would be more about the logistics of keeping these fresh fruits on board rather than actually densify ING what it was that would stop scurvy outbreak. Yeah. But I'm I'm guessing it's not from your tone. No. There was still no consensus amongst physicians and ship captains on what was the best anti score Buick. But before we dismiss them as being stupid, or initative, whatever let's consider how these scurvy patterns would have appeared. Okay. I 'cause. If your ship captain, you notice that after weeks and weeks at sea, your crew has bleeding and swollen gums and their legs are full of source. Yeah. You think well, it's probably because they're lazy. They're not moving around. And plus there's that stagnant damp dank air in the ship's belly. Okay. Probably not helping things probably true. Plus, if you're diet is extremely limited for a long period of time, you're probably suffering from a number of different nutritional deficiencies in addition to scurvy, which makes these disease symptoms inconsistent. Okay. From case to case and from ship to ship and journey journey by that, okay? Now treatment you get to land begin to chat down on the food. That's newly available because you're really tired of the same salted meat and porridge or whatever. Suddenly everyone starts to rapidly. Improve scurvy gone might be the air on land is different. You think back to what you're captain pal has said about the. Restorative powers of citrus. And you're like, oh, okay. That could be it. But are take some back with us before we set off again. And you do you tell your crew to you one limited day until you run out, but you do run out and scurvy doesn't immediately reappear. In fact, it takes weeks before it starts to creep back. Okay. So maybe it's not the citrus necessarily that prevents scurvy, but you're not completely willing to give it up. So the next time you set off on an expedition, you try to find a way to bring citrus fruit with you.
"scurvy" Discussed on This Podcast Will Kill You
"Okay. I should warn you right now, though, because I mentioned the word pirates doesn't mean that I talk a lot about pirates because I talk about sailors, and in that I include pirates, so they're just kind of lumped in with all those other ones. That's fine. Also pirates didn't really keep the best records as far as I know. I'm shocked. They just have maps right with Dotson X's. That's all they did. Yeah. Exactly x marks the spot where you'll get scurvy. Okay. But when I started my research right off the bat, I read a line that gave me an idea of just how rich and important scurvy role in history was ready. Yeah. Quote, if we exclude straightforward famine scurvy is probably the nutritional deficiency disease that has caused the most suffering in recorded history. Yeah. That was a little surprising to me. I mean, I knew scurvy must've been important, but I didn't have any idea of the scope and the scale of the history of this disease. So let me tell you tell me what start at the beginning. Scurvy is mentioned in several early texts starting as early as fifteen hundred BC in ancient Egypt. We're finally back in gentle love it in. The Ebert Ebbers. Papyrus add on how you pronounce it. The medical papyrus. It has also been found in writings from ancient India, Greece, Rome, China, etc. Dating back thousands of years for the most part. These ancient texts focus on the clinical description of scurvy and recommendations for treatment rather than identifying risk factors or any sort of pattern in disease incidence interesting, but it's pretty much certainty that the disease existed during this time due to seasonal scarcity crop failure or during times of crisis like prolonged sieges during warfare. So it's interesting that there doesn't seem to be a consistent history of the burden of scurvy throughout these early years. There could be several reasons for this, for instance, if you were in the middle of a prolonged siege with little food, you probably had multiple nutritional deficiencies and scurvy could have had different appearances depending on the exact. Conditions of your setting. But what I find really interesting about scurvy in these texts is not the apparent gap in its history, but that effective treatment for the disease was discovered. Lost rediscovered debunked rediscovered ignored rediscovered etcetera. Oh,.
"scurvy" Discussed on This Podcast Will Kill You
"Your joints are hurting. Your muscles are tired, you're bleeding to your skin. And then you might. Go to take a bite of I don't know that stale bread or something that you've been eating for some reason and your tooth might fall out because your teeth are held into your gums and your gums are full of collagen and your gums collagen is broken down. So they're bleeding gums are bleeding, absolutely everywhere. It's horrifying. Yeah. Bleeding gums is one of the sort of hallmark signs of scurvy. So it's not really a great way to go. Are any of the diseases. We've talked about a great way to go. Would you say? Just checking. Yeah. I mean, that's that's pretty much. What Serbia's that's pretty much. How it happens? You can't make college in all of the collagen in your body starts to break down. And you bleed out you can really fun times. If you start to bleed into the sheets that surround your nerves, so your nerves are they're all they they travel in your body. Sort of bundled together nerve is a bundle of a whole bunch of like individual nerve cells, and they're usually surrounded by these sheets, and if your blood vessels start to leak all over the place in leak into those sheets, you can compress the nerves and end up with paralysis. And also a lot of pain because you're compressing these nerve fibers, so that's son. So can you you die bleeding out. Basically, that's one of the ways. Yeah. That's one of the common ways that you can die just by bleeding out. You also it's very common to die from secondary infection because vitamin c is also important in your immune system. And also collagen is just important in helping like all of your cells work properly. And so you can die by secondary infection because your body just can't fight anything off because it's just trying to keep you alive and doing a poor job of it. So yeah, scurvy. Do you have a question? I do have a question. You mentioned briefly that vitamin c is important in your immune system, all of these. And I know for a while there were so many studies and products that are related to vitamin C and your immune system that emergency package or whatever. And if you take vitamin C your cold will be shorter. What is what is the actual verdict? What would clinical trials show? Great question. Excellent question. Here's the thing about vitamin c. We know a lot about what happens when you do not have enough vitamin C. So if you have less than ten milligrams a day, then you will end up with symptoms of scurvy, and you will probably die. If you don't get access to vitamin c for prolonged period of just day. Exactly. Yeah. For a daily basis for like a month couple, months, many months. So we know that you need at least ten that's like the bare minimum beyond that. There is no evidence that increasing amounts of vitamin c are beneficial in anyway. Okay. So we know that there's a minimum that you need to have in order to function. Normally there is no evidence that taking things like emergency have any effect whatsoever on your museum. In fact, there's been many studies and analyses that show there is no additional immune-boosting effect whatsoever. Okay. So it's not gonna help you kick that cold, faster, etc. There is evidence that having like relatively low levels of vitamin C. So maybe you're above that scurvy level, but you're still kind of low level it can put you at higher risk for diseases like coronary artery disease, so it could be beneficial to have like a little more than absolutely nothing. Right..
What Exactly Are Frankincense and Myrrh?
"Support. For brain stuff comes from our friends at rocket mortgage by Quicken Loans are excited to introduce their all new rate shield approval. If you're in the market to buy a home rate shield approval is a real game changer. And here's why first Quicken Loans will lock your rate for up to ninety days while you shop, but here's the crucial part every up your rate stays the same. But if rates go down your rate also drops either way you win. It's the kind of thinking you'd expect from America's largest mortgage lender. To get started. Go to rocketmortgage dot com slash brain stuff rate shield approval. Only valid on certain thirty year purchase transactions. Additional conditions or exclusions may apply based on Quicken Loans. Data in comparison to public data records, equal housing lender. Licensed in all fifty states and m s consumer access dot org number three zero three zero. Welcome to brain stuff from how stuff works. Hey, bring stuff Lauren Vogel bomb here. If you've heard of frankencense and Moore, it's probably thanks to the biblical account of the birth of Jesus. According to the book of Matthew chapter, two wise men. Followed a bright star in the east of Bethlehem to where Jesus had been born and presented him with gifts of gold frankencense and Moore during the Christmas season depictions of this event, Argub it quits in American culture, decorating, churches, and shopping, malls alike. But don't let the shiny tinsel and festive candidates distract you from our question today. What exactly are frankencense and mirror? Both frankencense are derived from tree sap or gum resin and are prized for their lowering fragrances frankencense is a milky white resin extracted from species of the genus bus. We Leah which thrive in arid cool areas of the Arabian peninsula, east Africa and India the finest and most aromatic of the species is bus willia- sacra, a small tree that grows in Somalia, Oman and Yemen, these plants which grow to a height of about. Sixteen feet or five meters have papery bark sparse branches of paired leaves and flowers with white petals and a yellow or red center murder is a reddish resin the comes from species of the genus come four, which are native to northeast Africa. And the adjacent areas of the Arabian peninsula. Come a foreign Mira a tree commonly used in the production of Moore can be found in the shallow. Rocky soils of Ethiopia Kenya. Amman Saudi Arabia and small it boasts shiny branches was sparsely that grow in groups of three and can reach a height of nine feet or about three meters. The process for extracting, the sap of these trees is essentially identical harvesters make a longitudinal cut in the tree's trunk which pierces gun resin reservoirs located within the bark the sap slowly uses out from the cut and drips down the tree forming tear-shaped droplets, they're left to harden on the side of the tree. These beans are collected after two weeks people in east Africa and the Arabian peninsula, had produced frankencense and Merv for some five thousand years for much of this time these. Medic resins were the region's most important commodity with a trade network that reached across Africa, Asia and Europe today. Demand for frankencense and Moore has subsided a bit, but numerous Chinese Greek Latin and sanskrit texts reminders of their past importance frankencense and Moore were desired for personal religious and medicinal use in a time before daily bathing people would use the sweet smoke from the resins to make themselves. Smell better. Egyptian women would mix frankencense ash into their I shadow these substances were also widely used in religious ceremonies and burials, according to the Greek writer here notice Egyptians used both frankencense and myrrh in preparation of animals sacrifices and human mummies Jews incorporated them into their religious ceremonies by the third century, BC and Christians by the fourth century, CE the residents also had medical uses in the papyrus Ebbers from fifteen hundred BC priests recommended both resins for the treatment of wounds other ailments. They were once reported to cure included, hemlock poisoning leprosy were. Terms snake bites? Diarrhea plague scurvy and even bald this the high demand for frankencense and Moore created a booming trade in the Middle East lasting several hundred years in the first century, CE around the height of this trade. Plenty the elder claims that Arabia produced approximately one thousand six hundred eighty tonnes about fifteen hundred metric tonnes a frankencense and around four hundred forty eight tons or four hundred metric tons of mir- each year, one of the most important trade centers surrounded and a waste and modern day. Southern Oman this outpost exported frankencense across best Petya India and China for about three hundred BC e to the third century. See the ruins of the settlement remain as UNESCO world. Heritage site known as the land of frankencense, clearly frankencense and Moore were widely available when the wise men visited the baby Jesus around five BC and would have been considered practical gifts with many uses the expensive resins were symbolic as well. A frankencense which was often burned symbolized prayer rising to the heavens like smoke. While mirror, which was often used in bombing symbolized death. So scholars think that frankencense was presented to the infant Jesus to symbolize his later role as a high priest for believers while Mur symbolized, his later, death and burial frankencense and Moore may not be as popular as they once were. But they're still used today in some ways that you might not expect their common ingredients in modern, perfumes, and cosmetics. Continuing a tradition that's lasted years. Scientists are finding new uses for the substances as well. Recent studies suggest that frankencense or its extracts may help intriguing asthma. Rheumatoid arthritis Crohn's disease, and osteoarthritis researchers have also discovered possible benefits of murder in the treatment of gastric ulcers tumors and parasites. This episode was written by Clint pump free and produced by Tyler claim for more on this and lots of other spicy topics. Visit our home planet. How stuff works dot com. You know, people say necessity is the mother of invention. But that's not always true. Sometimes the mother of invention is advertising. Yeah. Or pure accident. How about ego maniacal delusion? Absolutely. Or just a desperate longing. To be cool. I'm Robert lamb, and I'm Joe McCormick. You're the host of the science podcasts stuff to blow your mind. And now we're branching off into the exploration of invention. Invention is the story of human history told one piece of technology at a time the things we made and how they made us invention publishes every Monday, listen and subscribe to invention on apple podcasts the iheartradio app or wherever
SEC, Benny Snail And Scurvy Kirby discussed on Atlanta's Morning News
"Police. Make no arrests. Detectives are investigating whether these three burglaries are related. You must find a way to stuff the Ron in order to clinch the SEC east title Saturday against Kentucky four times as Kentucky player led the SEC in rushing the junior. Benny snail should be number five is own. The guy just ruins hor. He's. Purpose. Tyreek McGee Snell has four one hundred yard games of the season. But only one in the last four weeks, including his worst performance last Saturday against Missouri. So well the dog struggling run defense. Find an answer we try to do it through fundamentals technique. But you can't go out and replace players. We got what we got scurvy Kirby. Smart kickoff Saturday at three thirty here on the home of the dogs.
FDA says cattle feedlot could be to blame for E. coli in canal water used on romaine
"Federal health officials say runoff from a cattle, farm likely caused, a major spring e coli outbreak the food and Drug administration, believes Romain lettuce grown in the Yuma Arizona region may have been contaminated by. Water from a nearby canal the FDA said testing in June revealed the water was. Tainted with. The same strain of e-coli Multi-state outbreak, more than two hundred people in thirty. Six states fell ill nearly one hundred were. Hospitalized and five died from the huge bacterial outbreak the FDA. Is still investigating
Stillbirths linked to syphilis in California at highest level since 1995
"That it was under this legal requirement we need to know what facebook was doing to prevent these apps from getting illegitimate access to this data facebook says it will investigate all apps that had access to large amounts of data before a twenty fourteen switch that limited such access jillian york of the electronic frontier foundation says that switch for years ago has helped protect data but says facebook should still provide more information to users on how they can control their data they're great on certain areas of privacy such as reminding users how to change their their photo settings or there are other things that users can do to make sure that they're not inadvertently leaking data to apps and those those things are outlined on afs website but facebook doesn't make them easy for users to access according to a monday blowing post from facebook the two hundred apps that have been suspended could be banned if evidence is found that they misused user data keith makoni kcbs basically told kcbs that it has already taken steps to make it easier for users to control their personal information on the site and that these efforts are ongoing the number of cases of sexually transmitted diseases in california reached a record high last year the department of public health said that more than three two thousand cases of cla media gonorrhea and early syphilis reported last year that's a forty five percent increase compared to five years ago rates of our highest among young women men account for the majority of syphilis and gonorrhea cases the departments directors urging sexually active people use condoms and get test it'd regularly a new study says the majority of americans believe that the federal government is doing too little to protect key aspects of the environment more from cbs news correspondent bill rakoff brian kennedy was one of the researchers on the pew study sixty nine percent of us adults said the federal government's doing too little to protect water quality of lakes rivers and streams and sixty four percent said the federal government's doing too little to protect our quality kennedy says the large majorities of americans including majorities of both political parties favor expanding solar and wind turbine facilities the political divides remain over fossil fuels bill rakoff cbs news washington kcbs news time eight thirty five most folks can never fight him see in their diet a little extra can help but too much is bad for you treating well magazine doctor henry fishman with healthwatch vitamin c isn't antioxident that prevents scurvy healthy collagen building blocks of protein those folks get in a c in.
"scurvy" Discussed on The Model Health Show
"Behind it on it's actually one of the first supplements that i discovered which really piqued my interest in fitness and intrusion but more than being just an athletic performance boosting supplement creating is actually essential for healthy brain function in fact create teen is found naturally in our bodies we synthesize it and we also consume it as i mentioned in red meat there's a mental condition associated with an inability of creating to pass the blood brain barrier and in research performed on vegans and vegetarians and omnivores vegans and vegetarians when given supplemental creating their cognitive performance improved so what this shows me is that getting creating in our food is incredibly important for optimal brain function and it's one of the reasons why i make the recommendation that people should be eating grass fed beef as a brain food you know just to talk a little bit about plant based diets when people make the switch to a plant based diet they tend to supplement with the one nutrient that they know that they're not getting implant foods and that is vitamin b twelve because that's that's an essential nutrient that we need you're going to develop a deficiency disease if you don't consume vitamin b twelve and usually that's that as far as you know picking up the slack for a vegetarian diet is concerned but actually there's a whole range of nutrients that i talk about in the book called conditionally essential nutrients and these are nutrients some of which we've identified many of which i'm sure we haven't that you might not develop a deficiency disease by not eating them i e you know like if you don't vitamin c you're going to develop scurvy if you don't need if you don't get vitamin d you're going to develop rickets you might not develop an overt condition by avoiding these nutrients but you're probably gonna feel better and perform better when you have them in your diet so that's why i'm extremely skeptical of anybody who cuts out an entire food group like meat or fish for example from their diets especially when those food groups have likely.
"scurvy" Discussed on The Skeptics' Guide to the Universe
"Scurvy is when you have a vitamin c deficiency and it's pretty frigging nasty so you could have swollen hands and feet in horrible painful inflamed gums scurvy can kill you you know the problem was when they were stocking the ships up with food if they did pack citrus on there with fruits and vegetables these types of foods don't last long right they don't last month's on the ship so they'd run out of it and they would then you end up eating things that were salted and whatnot and when you run out of your vitamin c source it only takes a few weeks to develop a vitamin c deficiency and then you could start showing signs of scurvy so it's estimated that two million sailors died between the fifteen in eighteen hundreds from scurvy so in seventeen forty seven scientists named james lind tried to figure out how to treat scurvy and he discovered after testing tons of things that the only thing that would help is if his subjects eight oranges and lemons or lemons right so take almost two hundred years before scientists would find what specifically was in those fruits that was curing scurvy now a a scientist named albert zen jury nineteen twenty eight identified a substance found in the adrenal gland and named it heck saronic acid and three years later and thirty one jail firmly and charles glen king to american biochemist found the crystalline vitamin c from lemon juice had the same properties as heck psoriatic as it so this discovery inspired linus pauling who's the the scientists i mentioned earlier to do more research and palling is an actual nobel laureate one two times and in those two times that he won he was the only one winning the award for the for the classes that he wanted which is i think still still to this day he might be the only one in nineteen sixty appalling i got the idea of taking mega.
"scurvy" Discussed on No Agenda
"The that would get traction there are almana they're all spies in owned kgb scurvy no evidence that at all they gotta get off his russian kick conway they get it they're gonna they're de democrats can use this they now see i saw the light there's too many smart guys out there democrat guys at work in campaigns campaign strategists who aren't gonna want to see a law like this because they want to say well we were smarter than the republicans we have better education were just smarter their old dumb so we could do better a better job of we just did the job hillary didn't do the job she screwed up another you know she wasn't going to do well anyway uh but you know for the next go round we can do it obama did use that they said is what they said in the report obama used these guys yes then he won well look we'll see i think you're on i think you yes you're be but you're not going to get i don't think is going anywhere did you have the clip of adam schiff talking about russia loves our second amendment was at your clip do we have a clip i don't remember the clip yeah it was it was and i think you had a he knew he was so much like all the russians they love our second amendment because they they they just wanna meal 'cause all kinds of problems with that they love it they love stern up shed around the the nra and not no net second amendment specifically edia new ned mischief yeah i remember i thought we have a clip it was a youtube floating around i can't i don't see it here however to some degree depends on what dimension you're living in he was right and this was a great piece on this may be npr again let me see yes.
"scurvy" Discussed on 790 KABC
"Scurvy ball blazes a total of twenty eight democratic senators and both independence now urging senator al franken to resign after being accused of sexual misconduct by several women including k abc's only an tweeting another woman announced today that franken tried to forcibly kiss her and two thousand six uh just like he did to leaann in that same year franken's as he's going to make a announcement tomorrow and he may announce his resignation a prominent la rabbi as praising president trump's decision to recognize jerusalem as the capital of israel and the president also ordered the us embassy in israel to be move from tel aviv to jerusalem marvin hier the founder and dean of the simon wiesenthal center was at the white house for the announcement on israel all the foreign leaders that visit no that the government buildings are in jerusalem dave make official visits and then they pretend that israel doesn't have a capital and president trump said i'm not pretending jerusalem is the capital of israel period and rabbi higher says that in saying it the president is not interfering with the middle east peace process can jeffries k abc news when donald trump jr testified today before the house intelligence committee correspondent maharaj uses the president's son was asked about his meeting with russian officials at trump tower in the summer of 2016 and said that he actually communicate initially would hope hopex who's now the white house communications director about how to respond to those initial reports he said he did not communicate directly with his father though his father was aware about this because he was communicating separately with hopex deciding on whether or not to put out a longer or shorter statement initially now we know separately that president trump was involved in some of those discussions about that initial response on air force one and a quick update on the screwball fire which has grown to four hundred seventy five acres eleven homes damaged four destroyed by your officials say seven hundred homes have been evacuated along with an apartment building talk radio.
"scurvy" Discussed on KSCO 1080
"Was adorable when it came out alive at a real problem with it was just another character to add invite apparently scurvy due fans are are just were just incensed it was like dropping a shark adding scrappy out he was in charge of like scoobydoo what he had a large headedness anybody tiny body at at eight west brave at all hearty worse scooby was chicken art it so basically from the abacost style oh aww the shaggy ends kobe you suddenly had this third character who was almost crushing them enter the dangerous situation so basically this is around about seventy eight seventy nine it was bringing other dynamic two stories and let's face it scurvy due stories were very repetitive that was part of their air that here as us all cia what's was that they are very much alike and by the late seventies the writers her going more and two straight straightforward narratives not audit place people being scared away things like that they didn't always knew that after while scrappy was part of it after that there was like scurvy dis could be galvin and other characters like that but scrappy he was around for awhile and added out water home video released the first season as cobian scrappy go after those who would be thrilled and i i am one of those people who does the likes of of what later arab of arborist i certainly see it her mar in perspective of it hurt weinstein's a certainly not huckleberry hound but that was entertaining at it was part of the saturday morning atmosphere of a weekly life was on it was just like having the sound out i just like having that off because it takes me back to saturday morning and wider epa was the original voice scrappy that it was don mesic uh adding does are also take both our institutions as far as saturday morning cartoons horses at arctic you couldn't really watch anything in the '70s sour right outlining a wider choice turning ups of art accra style mesic what all the way back to the 50s so you had the entire caste other interesting thing about scope nbn scrappy do is a voice out while dalbah was like a third choice was actress they patched demons are patricia stevens and you can see her playing a nurse and a few episodes of match she was at arkara actresses while but she got the role of allah.
"scurvy" Discussed on FM NewsTalk
"Vitamin c mike okay so there's a the recommended daily allowances about 100 milligrams and that's about the amount of vitamin c in an in a medium to large size orange and i look at people and i say okay so a hundred is what you need to not get scurvy how many oranges have you eaten in the last week and invariably the answer is less than five mike okay so we're already deficient just in the last week now think over the course of your lifetime how many days have you've gone without just just without an orange or any other vitamins see containing fruit or vegetables and they're like yet i don't know unlike okay so we need a hundred ten per day to not get scurvy what do you think we actually need for optimum health and they've blows their mind on my okay so let's think about this what if that heart disease that you have is is really more vat not having nearly enough vitamin c than it is at not having enough lipa tore in your system what if that cholesterol problem that you have is a a lipa toward deficiency it's actually a vitamin c deficiency because we have to have vitamin c to make sure the inside of our blood vessels are the healthiest that they can be and the inside of our blood vessels being inflamed is one of the biggest caused as for our coal our body to increase production of cholesterol because we're trying to heal the damage and light switches start coming on and people like oh my gosh i haven't thought about it that way my exactly and so one would imagine explained that no i mean and it took me what i it couldn't have taken me more than a minute and a half to explain that to them right answer so i mean yet even an even in a modern medical model in your five minute visit a minute and a half wasted on explaining to someone that how they need so much more vitamin c than they're.