20 Episode results for "Sao Paulo"
BRAZIL: Ten Thing I Didnt Know
"Hello this is me. Welcome to power principles. The podcast today is episode. Forty two ten things. I didn't know about Brazil. Hi Friends I just got home from a trip to Brazil and by just got home I mean I've been off the plane for less than twenty four hours. I tell you this to make you jealous. Which is strange? Because if I'm being completely honest which I usually am I did not want go on this trip. But that's actually the topic for next week's podcast episode. Because I didn't want to go and I ended up having this amazing in Ohio breakthrough experience in Brazil. And so next week I'm podcasting about recognizing and overcoming self sabotage. Tis Days episode is ten things. I learned about Brazil's specifically Sao Paulo that I didn't know before travelling. They're alert lert warning fun. Interesting stories ahead. If you are not in the mood to hear some entertaining and even educational stories you might want to click over to one of those depressing oppressing crime podcasts because fence stories ahead first before we dive in the review of the week comes from Hitman. Dan Ninety nine which sounds like the topic of one of those true crime. PODCASTS hitman ninety nine says I really recognize the gift that Malaysia has in speaking. She can articulate what she says really well all things are in order and she sounds calm but you can really hear passion in what is being spoken about. She is personable and comes across with a great feeling of empathy rather than sympathy. which in my opinion is more important important? The content is logical and make sense and she has personal anecdotes that allows listeners to relate really incredible thank thank you hitman ninety nine for taking the time to leave a review and for listening to the podcast. I'm glad you enjoy it. If you want to be the reviewer of the week leave me a five star review you and tell me something you've learned or your favorite episode reviews are what help this podcast to appear. When people are searching for inspirational content it grows because of you thank you and now the top ten things? I learned about Brazil that I did not know before I traveled there. Numero DEZ number. Ten Brazil is a country of immigrants so much like my home country. The United States of America there are true native Brazilians the native indigenous tribes such as the Guada- knee otherwise the citizens there have descended mostly mostly from immigrants and there is a spirit of building of enterprise and a work ethic and the people I met new the stories of their ancestors before I left on this trip. I knew really hardly anything about Brazil specifically about Sao Paulo. which is the city that we were? We're going to. I'd heard that it was crowded. One of the most crowded cities on the planet earth and that it wasn't really safe. I didn't South Paulo everyone. Here's Rio de Janeiro. It's not the capital Brasilia is and so I had an impression of Sao Paulo being grungy Asia and ghetto and high crime. And that I would be stuck in my hotel and I wouldn't feel safe to go explore on my own and also I had the impression that probably knowing there would know what gluten-free meant and that I wouldn't be able to communicate and so I would be stuck in my hotel room. Eating Lettuce Leaves for seven days. He's so that's the mindset that I had before going into the trip on the first day they're one of the business spouses arranged a personal torch for us and I would really recommend this when you travel. It's not something that I would have ever done. I'm such a do it yourself for that. I I think to pay someone to show me their country but today with Google reviews and tripadvisor. It's easier and it's safer to find a tour guide right. And this is how I met Doris Kertzman. who showed up in her car to show me around Sao Paulo? And after my time with Doris I was so in love with the city of Sao Paulo. I could hardly wait until Justin got back to the hotel and I could tell him everything that I learned and I couldn't wait for the next day to hit the city again and I think this is so true about most anything in life that in order to love something thank you just need to get to know it. I want to tell you a little bit Doris Story. She descends from immigrants. Her grandparents were Jews who escaped escaped Poland at some point during Hitler's regime and the outbreak of World War Two. They did not know where they were going. They got on a ship having no idea where the ship was headed. Only that it was taking them out of Poland and that is the true definition of fleeing or escaping. Isn't it taking the gamble that back in place you land will be better and safer than where you are. I would love to know the intricate details sales of their story. How they ended up on the ship who they were with what happened to their friends and family who decided not to go with them or who found a different way out of Poland? I only know what Doris told me that. Her grandparents arrived in Brazil with nothing and found a way to work and carve out a living so one of the very first people met in Brazil was a descendant of Polish Jews. A couple of the other people that I met Roggio one of my husband's has been business partners. His great grandparents fled from Syria due to a war in their homeland over one hundred years ago. And that is how he ended up coming to would be a Brazilian. What is interesting as that? In the past ten years as civil war once again has broken out in Syria ever. Since the Arab spring arrived in Syria in two thousand eleven another wave of refugees has fled to Brazil. The U N Refugee Fugit Agency actually reports that Brazil has made it easier by issuing an open door policy their consulates in the Middle East East issue special visas with simplified procedures to help the survivors of the war in Syria to travel to Brazil where they can can present an asylum clean and have a chance to start over in a place away from the war. That's been going on over eight years now and has driven something like five five million people into exile. I also met have not whose ancestors were immigrants from Russia and another man whose grandparents immigrated from Lebanon there is a large population of Lebanese immigrants in Brazil. The largest population of Lebanese knees outside of Lebanon is in Brazil and that is true for a lot of countries which will talk about in a minute and I could feel a kinship to and at home home in Brazil because like the United States. It's such a melting pot of cultures and countries and ethnicities. It is a country like the United States that has been and built by Immigrants Numero Novi number nine about the city of south hollow. I learned so so much about Sao Paulo even to the point that I learned that Sao Paulo means Saint Paul which I could figure that out if I would have just thought through it a little little bit. South Paulo is the largest city in Latin America larger than Mexico City it has eighteen to nineteen million residents. I can't even describe that as we were flying over Sao Paulo to the airport the massive city the miles titles and miles of skyscrapers and huge apartment. Buildings just kept going on and and on and on with no end in sight and it's not just one city centre. It's not like flying being over New York and seeing all the tall buildings concentrated into one space and you can still see the rivers and you can still see open open space. You know you can see an end to the massive skyscrapers sell Paulo. Went on for ever and you try to comprehend comprehend to wrap your brain around the number of people in that space so to try to put it into perspective perspective. The population of Manhattan is one point. Six million people the entire state of New York is nineteen. Eighteen million people and the entire state of New York is like fifty four thousand square miles or the population of Las Angeles is four million people in five hundred square miles. This is more comparable so and five hundred square miles. Los Angeles has four four million people. It's crowded Los Angeles's crowded you go. There you fill out the traffic. It's it's a busy crowded place so Sao Paulo in five hundred square miles has nineteen million people. So it's a little bit more square miles than Lost Angeles and almost five times as many people. And yes just as you imagine. Traffic is an issue issue. So that being said it didn't feel horribly crowded to me. We were out walking on the streets. We went to when open market. It felt very similar to walking down. The streets of New York. Driving around in the city. Traffic was crazy very few accidents. The way they drive. You would think that there would be accidents every minute of every day and we did not. I think we saw one accident in the week that we were there. We were almost in one accident but because they have to drive slow enough to get around the driver's somehow how make room and and avoid most of the accidents so definitely traffic is an issue but I did not feel crowded by nine hundred million people. It's it's still hard for me to wrap my brain around that. So Sao Paulo was founded January twenty fifth fifteen fifty four and the reason. It was January twenty fifth and not January twenty four th or January twenty. Sixth is because January. Twenty fifth is the day that Paul had his change of heart and became an apostle of Jesus Christ so from the New Testament. If you remember that Paul had gone around Paul had been Saul and he'd gone around Attacking the Church and attacking the Christians at the time and January twenty fifth marks his conversion. I don't know how we know that I didn't know that. I don't know how they know it. It's not listed in the New Testament anywhere. But that's why the first official the mass was held at the top of a hill of Sao Paulo by Catholic Jesuit missionaries and officially started Sao Apollo so from the fifteen fifty s to about the seventeen hundred Sao Paulo. The population of Sao Paulo consisted of Portuguese immigrants. who were escaping the poverty of Portugal and the indigenous people of Brazil and then in the seventeen hundreds towards the eighteen hundreds? They discovered scuppered that Brazil was a good place to grow sugar cane and that they needed more Labor to make these sugar cane plantations nations profitable which brings us to number eight new metal. We to what I learned about. Brazil is that like the United States dates. It was built by immigrants and slaves. The sugarcane plantation owners enslaved the indigenous natives lives and then still needed more labor and so they brought captured slaves from Africa. Four million slaves were obtained Bri Brazil will one point five million more than any other country. This is interesting to me because in my mind slavery and the a civil war and the abolitionist era was something unique to United States history when Brazil was going through something. Thanks very similar right about the same time. Slavery in Brazil was legally ended in eighteen. Eighty eight and then Brazil began to rely upon European Immigration Labor so Brazil went to countries especially like Italy where there was a war going on between the North and south of Italy and they advertise that they would pay for Italians voyage and their food for them to come and work in Brazil so today Brazil has the largest Italian population outside of Rome however once the Italians arrived in Brazil the the immigrants received very low salaries they were expected to pay back their voyage and their food and found. That was very hard to pay off those debts. They worked in poor conditions. Long working hours were frequently ill-treated by their bosses amd because of this in nineteen zero to Italy Italy enacted a decree prohibiting subsidized immigration to Brazil. So once again Brazil found itself in a struggle to find cheap the Labor to support its main economic crop which had involved from sugarcane to now coffee and coffee plantations and some other interesting things are happening all around the world which are going to have an impact on what is today's population of Brazil. At about this time the end feudalism in Japan was generating great poverty in the rural populations so Japanese were looking for other places to go for better living conditions ends but prospects for Japanese people to migrate to other countries were limited. The United States had banned non white immigration from some parts of the world in an exclusion clause of the Immigration Act which was specifically targeted at the Japanese but Brazil was looking for workers and Japan had workers that needed a place to work and so in one thousand nine hundred seven the Brazilian governments and the Japanese government side a treaty permitting Japanese migration into Brazil between nineteen seventeen and nineteen forty over one hundred sixty four thousand Japanese migrated to Brazil. Seventy five percent of them going join to sell Paulo where most of the coffee plantations were located. Now at this point I have to read this paragraph directly from wikipedia. I think it is so fascinating when I see real life examples from the words of Wikipedia. Quoting wikipedia here quote. Brazil is home to the largest Japanese population outside of Japan Unquote. I saw that there were Japanese looking the people speaking Portuguese everywhere back to wikipedia quote since the nineteen eighties a return migration has emerged emerged of Japanese Brazilians returning to Japan Unquote. I have a real life. Example of this might children's Japanese Japanese teacher sense. A bully was born in Brazil then as a teenager. She moved back to Japan and learn to speak Japanese so she is a beautiful Asian looking woman from Brazil whose native language is Portuguese who learned to speak Japanese as a teenager and now lives in Utah County and teaches in English since he bellini is spear header of of Japanese Education in the State of Utah she is doing really cool things with Japanese classes here and lastly back to a Kapadia quote and more recently a trend of interracial marriage has taken hold among Brazilians of Japanese descent with the racial intermarriage rate approximated at fifty eighty percent and increasing unquote. Yes I saw that too everywhere. We went Japanese married to Brazilian. And I tell you. Those children are gorgeous so the number eight thing about Brazil. I learned that I didn't know before was the the slavery history of Brazil and how the abolishment of slavery in Brazil resulted in the immigration of so many different cultures and populations nations to Brazil onto number seven metro set. J. Number seven is a story about about the meeting of language. Did you know that English is not taught in school in Brazil so if anyone is going to learn English English in Brazil they pretty much learn it on their own they figure out a way to take classes or they learn it from TV. Our tour guide. Dora spoke such good English that we had a really fun language encounter. Here's the story. I asked Doris if she also spoke Polish if she learned to speak Polish from her grandparents appearance remember. They escaped Poland at the time of World War Two and she shook her head and explained to me that she never learned Polish and that it wasn't until later in life that she even asked her grandmother to speak to her and Polish and at that time she realized how easy it would have been for her to learn Polish as a child and how much she regretted not learning it and then we commiserated about the follies of youth. How we didn't appreciate what our grandparents could teach us us when they were live but Doris said that she did learn Hebrew because as a youth she attended synagogue and studied the Torah in Hebrew Hebrew and has largely forgotten it today? She said I hated those classes. They were so boring. It was always something that I had to do that. I had to go pass off my assignments in Hebrew today. She says the only fraiche she can really remember in Hebrew is to say in Hebrew that I cannot speak Hebrew so when she hasn't Isreaeli tour group she knows enough to tell them that she can't speak Hebrew so in Hebrew she tells them I can't speak Hebrew and they love it. They love the in Hebrew. She can say I can't speak Hebrew so Doris told me so. She can't remember Hebrew anymore anymore. She told me that she can't really consider herself. Jewish she married a Catholic and even though her sons did their bar mitzvahs. She hasn't attended synagogue synagogue in years so then I taught Doris a cool little English expression. I taught her the suffix Ish. You you know when you add ish to the end of the word it means you are so so at something gets not exact for example. If I'll be there five ish I'm not going to be there exactly five. It might be before five. It might be after five it will be five ish or if you say that a woman is tall ish. She isn't exactly tall she's just close to or somewhat tall. If I'm hungry ish then I'm not exactly starving but I could eat so I'm explaining this handy civics x two doors and she says Oh there's a TV show called black ish. And I never understood what it meant and I was like yeah. That's what it meant so. I told told her that she could call herself Jew Ish. She's not exactly practice scene. But she's definitely culturally the and ethnically a Jew so therefore she's Jew ish and she loved that I got this awesome colloquialism through my daughter who has college roommate. Who is a non actively practicing Jew and she calls herself? Cheer First Herself as Jew. Ish I just love clever. People I love plays on language plays on words so number. Seven may be isn't something that I learned so much in Brazil but now something that Doris has learned about English that you can add ish to something okay. Number six numero safes. I learned that the word for flag is Ben data which is similar to Spanish vendetta. So you know the actor. Antonio Banderas is how we say. The English Antonio Banderas who was born in Spain his name translates slates as Antonio flags number six. Now you know you'll never forget it number five Numero Cinco all the mountains. Oh I have learned what it is like to travel through huge mountains. Yes I live in the heart of the rocky mountains. Let me finish to travel through huge mountains. One hundred percent covered covered in tropical green trees and foilage and tunnels we drove through mountain tin tunnels. To the extent I have never seen before when my family drives up Provo canyon towards Deer Creek. And there's that little all tunnel and we hold our breath through that tunnel and it's hardly holding your breath for anything. If we held our breath driving through those tunnels we would be dead. And I would not be here telling you that number five is that I've learned the experience of driving through mountain tunnels that go on for five five minutes. Tunnels dug straight through huge mountains. That are carpeted in rainforest and my perception perception of the word breath taking has taken on a completely new meaning number four numeral quattro. I learned that the number one religion in Brazil is not Catholicism. It is soccer and what team you cheer for matters. I A lot so Brazil having won five World Cup trophies more than any other country in the world is the soccer capital of the globe there are basically four means soccer clubs in Brazil. And which one oh you cheer for really determines who you associate with and what fights you're gonNA end up with at the dinner table so team number one and I'm I'm not listing these in any particular order other than the order that I I learned about them team number one is coordination and you would never be able to tell from the pronunciation Gatien. But couldn't John Is Corinthians they're named after Corinthians like in the New Testament they are the most popular soccer team in in south hollow the second most popular soccer team in Brazil. The cutting Chea regards itself as being the team of the people bull and it gathers its supporters from the city's working class suburbs and their soccer jerseys are white and black second is team. PA- mayoress mayoress with is far as I can tell is translated as palm trees. They are current. John's biggest rival. The club is traditionally linked with the city's these Italian community having been founded by a group of Italian laborers in the early twentieth century. They play in Green and white jerseys and their nickname the Dow means big greens. The third team is sell Paulo. They're known as the tri-color team for or they're white red and Black Jerseys Sao Paulo is the city second most supported club and it is one of Brazilians. Most successful number. Four is Santos and the team sunk. Toasts is not technically part of Sao Paulo's iron trio because Santos is A city outside of Sao Paulo however slant is one of the most famous soccer clubs in the world not just in Brazil zillow but in the World Team Santos has a great nickname their pay sheet. which means fish fantastic? And they're all white jerseys Are recognized around the world. The Santos Club is famous largely to pay late. Who is the greatest soccer walker player of all time who played for Santos eighteen years? He first arrived as an unknown sixteen year old and left when he was thirty. Four years old as a global superstar. Pay One three World Cups as a Santos Player and took his club too an astonishing twenty six trophies including two South American championships and two World Championships. So so my tour guide Doris. She was a fan of Sao Paulo. She called herself a police because she supported the Sao Paulo soccer team. Her husband and sons sons are die. Hard chimeras because chimeras were founded by Italian Catholic laborers and she married Italian Catholic dors. I told me that she's pretty much given up soccer because her family gets so crazy about the games that they pretty much ruined it for her man I relate I feel that way about. Byu Football oops. Did I just say that. In any case in Sao Paulo an olive Brazil soccer or Futsi bull is a big deal bill and you can guess what souvenir my husband brought home for our teenage boys. You got it soccer jerseys. So number four in my trip to Brazil I learned learned a lot more about soccer than I ever expected and he wasn't even really trying number three Nemoto Tarez. I learned and I thought this was so so interesting. That gambling in Brazil in the whole country is illegal it has been illegal since nineteen forty six so the hotel we stayed in had a game night basically a casino night like they do on college campuses. We each got a hundred dollars one hundred amount of fake money. Now I do not play Casino Games. I don't know how to play poker and the employee's didn't speak English so I was trying to learn how to play poker for the first time ever and I was trying to learn it with the help of Portuguese explanations. Somehow it worked and it was so much fun fortunately before we went my husband and I studied up on Portuguese numbers and plain black. Jack is a great rate Portuguese number practice so from quote unquote gambling in Brazil. I learned Portuguese numbers. And my favorite numbers are nine Navy Twenty Vinci Fifteen Kimsey and fourteen catastophe and my hotel room number which I had to say over and over. Every time I checked out towel or went to the breakfast. Buffet was is fourteen twenty nine and it sounds so cool cat. Tour's even she Nabi and they'll add here along with learning favorite numbers that I really fell in love with the Portuguese language which I thought that Portuguese was just kind of a knockoff of Spanish. And it really is a mix of the words are a mix of the French and Spanish but the pronunciation is so different and the pronunciation to me. Sounds quite Italian. Everything's very exaggerated saturated and lots of Chee Yard. I just that seeing soggy Italian and so of course. I came home absolutely convinced that I'm going to practice Portuguese everyday and learn to speak the language fluently. I'm already off to such a great start right because I can say Qatar Stephen KNOB heavy number two Numero dos. I learned that sell Paulo. Basically has a central park like New York which which is so unexpected in the middle of that hugely populated city to have this enormous park and and it's especially unusual because with the massive growth of population over the last hundred years. Most old buildings or historic sites have have not been preserved out of necessity. They were torn down and replaced with bigger buildings except in the city. There is is this huge park and the story is that it was such swampland that nothing could be built there and then in about the nineteen fifties as the president decided to bring in some foreign trees like eucalyptus that drink a lot of water and now it is a tree park with trees from all over the world. And if you know me you know I love trees so the day after my tour tour with Doris when I fell in love with the city of Sao Paulo. I couldn't wait to take Justin to the Parkway imbed Pereira and we. We walked half the park that night. And guess what we felt perfectly safe. There were so many people jogging sprinting. biking seen walking with their families pushing babies in strollers and the park had the coolest thing adult exercise playgrounds. I've I've never seen this anywhere else. They had like par core equipment like Ninja Warrior equipment. There were Chin up bars and these kind of league press machines and rowing machines and adults exercise playground area. I think it's a phenomenal idea. And many buildings in and around around the park are painted by the Brazilian Artists Cobra K. O. B. R. A.. Like the snake but with a K.. Who does is this really cubic colorful geometric style of art and you can see his art many places as you travel around Sao Paulo? Follow so number two. I learned this. How hollow has a central park and that it has a really lively culture for art and for music the this brings us to number one metal? Ma I saved the best for last. This was was mind. Blowing life-changing deep. Are you ready. Why this is number one on has to do with a lot of things coming together kind of full circle so if you remember from Episode Nineteen and Twenty I talked about not limitation limitation summer screen time and instead of focusing on a limited screen mindset that my family was going to focus on learning things practicing in things and then at the end of the summer we were going to have a family shine time when everyone could share what they've learned and practiced over the summer and then in episode thirty four? I talked about how after our shine time. We took everyone out to eat at Rhodesia grill which is a Brazilian restaurant. The plot thickening this is before school starts. And I'm watching my family and they keep coming back to the table with these little round cheesy bread rolls and the look so delicious and I can't eat them. They're not gluten free but I'm just salivating debating over them so lo and behold I arrive in Brazil and our hotel has a continental breakfast. This is not a US American continental dental breakfast with some dried out muffins in a bowl of overripe bananas and mushy apples and some orange juice from concentrate. This is a spread bread of sliced melon passion. Fruit Pineapple key week WADA. I could go on and on a rainbow assortment of freshly disclose in juice plus a spread of cheeses sausages eggs bacon and real European pastries and a tray of hot from the oven. Brazillian cheese bread. which I won't eat neither? Will I eat the pastries because I don't WanNa be sick to my stomach the whole time that I am there then after our breakfast I leave for my tour with Doris and part of the tour. Are We stop at an open market and other spouse with me wants to order a freshly sequels in juice. Because they're juice there is so amazing so we're in the market sitting on Barstool sipping our juices at a counter with a display of traditional Brazilian on the go foods for sale most of which are breaded and fried and also include powder or Brazilian cheese bread. So duris duris points out. Each of the things explains which is her favourite the breaded chicken an icee albeit for since it's her favorite and she politely declines but says that no I I should buy it and try it for myself and so then. I started explaining about being gluten free and the woes of the Brazilian cheese bread and Dora's US tells me the most life changing information of our entire tore Brazilian cheese rolls are gluten free. They are made with tapioca flour. Doris knows this because even though she is Jew you one time. She was fasting for and I thought she said Ramadan. But that's a Muslim holiday. Maybe she said rush hushand but it was a fast during which she didn't eat flour and her brother who is not Jew Ish but is exactly Jew and Orthodox Jew informed her that she could eat. Bow Decay Zhou or Brazilian cheese bread. Because it didn't have flour then. Doris asked the man behind the counter to confirm if indeed these particular cheese breads had any flour and he said no and I bought one and eight it on the spot. This marvellous thing happened on my first full day in Brazil which means that for six days after I bow every day. What would my trip have been like? If we hadn't stopped for juice at that cafe or started talking breaded and fried foods and Jewish fast and flower. Free bread options. It would still have been a marvelous trip trip but not nearly as tasty. This makes me wonder what other Yemi morsels of life. I miss out on because I don't know about them or because I didn't ask months ago when I was deliberating about whether or not to get an airplane ticket and company my husband on his business trip to Brazil my my daughter said of course. You're going to Brazil with dad because it would be ridiculous if you missed the opportunity. What if I hadn't listened to my daughter when she said that I kind of think this is the summary of what life is all about? If I had to summarize the meaning of life I I would say it is this. Life is about getting an education about gathering experiences and to find the love in the midst of all all of it. I loved this lesson learned from my Jew. Ish Polish Brazilian tour guide now friend during a trip that they didn't want to take that life has all kinds of delicious Bites Bermuda partake of if I open myself to the possibility and my friends. That is what I learned traveling to Brazil. This is me order. Thank you for listening. I don't know what you are up to today me piles of post trip laundry and trying to remember how to prepare food for myself and on cleanup dishes. Whatever you're doing today will you remember to go to apple podcasts? Leave me a five star review and share why you like listening to power principles. podcast most most of all today. I'm going to be looking at baking instructions for Brazilian cheesy bread which I think gluten free sister gave me a recipe for a while ago and told me it would change my life and I filed it somewhere on the office desk and didn't listen now I know
Don't Like The View From Your Window? Try Someone Else's
"Maybe, it's been a while since she got out. So we're going to take you around the world for a moment to peer out some windows. In Mumbai India a steady rain drizzles in a park. From a balcony and Lueneburg, Germany a family splashes in a pool. And the view from an apartment in Sao Paulo Brazil shows a sunset over a construction site. Just, some of the everyday vistas from the website window swap, dot, com Sonali Ranjith, and her husband vie created the website we have both feeling very cooped up in one bedroom apartment and I was thumbing through instagram and I saw this picture over friend of mine in Barcelona he had this beautiful view outside his window, but he was knocked down as wet. He was complaining about how bored of it he was Sonali has been vice says they wanted to help people feeling wanderlust. Gaze out windows around the world thousands of submissions poured in it started off with a from Germany and Russia. GonNa, kind of took off from the states scenario says, her favourite view is of a pastoral meadow in southwest Bavaria with a windmill in the distance. This tweet of this woman who said that she up because just across the mountains will have parents were she hasn't seen in six months. Digital Windows might not cure all of our feelings of longing in this moment. But drawing about one point, four, million visits per day the website seems to provide some measure of comfort.
Constitutionalist Revolution / Great Train Wreck of 1918 - July 9
"Today's episode is brought to you by oxy clean so I went on a backpacking trip that other weekend, as per usual I ended up with a bunch of smelly close at the end of it, but I used oxy clean odor blasters on the load of laundry before I did it it was super easy, and I came out with some super fresh smelling clothes. You've got. Got To try oxy clean odor blasters for yourself to work your magic with oxy clean. Go to oxy DOT COM slash. Try Me an order of free sample. That's clean dot com slash T.. R. Y. M. E. for a free odor blaster sample while supplies last extending x by is than just fast. It's Internet that gives you peace of mind security because if it's connected. It's protected. Yeah, even your robot vacuum. Can Your Internet do that. Learn more at extending dot com slash X. Y.. Hey, y'all eve's here. Today's episode contains not just one but two nuggets of history these are coming from the TD h vault, so you'll also hear to host considering a double feature, enjoy the show. Welcome to the stay in history class. That's July ninth. The Constitutionalist Revolution of nineteen thirty two began in Brazil on this day. It's also called the Paulista rebellion of nineteen, thirty, two, and the Sao, Paulo Revolution of nineteen, thirty two, and it all started with a contested election at this point Brazil was essentially a collection of mostly autonomous states and a lot of the political strife that came up came from conflicts among these states. In this particular case, the major players were the state of Sao Paulo on one side and the Liberal Alliance on the other. The Liberal Alliance was made up of three different states. There was Rio Grande. Par Eba and miniaturize. Paulo had been the most dominant power in Brazil for a long time. A lot of the other states were getting tired of Sao. Paulo's continual dominance, the contested election that sparked all of this was the presidential election that was conducted on March first of nineteen thirty, so a couple of years before. The candidates were Giulio press tease of Sao Paulo and Tulio Vargas, who was the governor of Rio Grande do Sul Vargas was running as the reform candidate and prestigious had the endorsement of the sitting president, who was also from Sao Paulo prestigious won the election, but Vargas contended that this result was fraudulent. He also thought that Brazil had become an oligarchy, and this whole period of time was incredibly contentious beyond this one election in addition to several people being killed in election related violence there. There were also about one hundred people more than that most likely who were killed in various acts of political violence over the three years that were leading up to this point, so after this contested election vargas is running. Mate was assassinated on July, twenty, six, thousand, nine, hundred thirty, and then an uprising started in October with a coup d'etat on October twenty fourth about one hundred people were killed in this wave of violence as well and after the coup. Vargas was appointed interim President Vargas. Brazil's Constitution, he started trying to move Brazil from this Federation of Autonomous States to a nation that had more centralized power and a lot of people in the military, especially people who were not as young in the military, really objected to what he was doing. They started to hatch a lot of conspiracies against him, and also the elites in Sao Paulo resented the fact that Sao Paulo had lost so much power among these elite were. were, actually descendants of confederates who had fled the united, states after the civil war, and then relocated to Brazil and they joined on the side of this rebellion as well a military faction of people from Sao. Paulo started planning to overthrow this provisional government. These were known as the police that was a nickname in general for people from Sao Paulo and they were also called themselves the constitutionalists because they wanted to overthrow this provisional. Provisional Government and establish a new Brazilian constitution. The police is scheduled a revolt for July fourteenth of nineteen, thirty two, but the general who was leading them General Bertoldo clinger was not particularly secretive about what he was trying to do. He wound up being relieved of his command on July, the eight at that point, the people who were plotting moved up the date of their rebellion to the following day with Klinger still the one in. In charge, they had a plan that involves several other states coming and rising up with them, but those states never did, and in fact, most of them wound up joining the opposite side. Fighting in this conflict went on for eighty seven days, clinger proposed a ceasefire on September twenty ninth, and their revolution ended on October second. It's still unclear today. How many people died in the fighting? But the number is probably in the thousands. Women were also a huge part of this uprising. They made hundreds of thousands of uniforms for the police. They did extensive work as nurses and in logistics. They distributed food and some cases they also fought alongside the men, and is so often the case this revolution could not have continued without their work. Maybe a little erroneous to call it a revolution since it wasn't ultimately successful, but it is the name that it's most often known by. Vargas remained in power for most of the next two decades. Sometimes, he was a dictator. Sometimes he was duly elected president either elected by the Congress or elected by the people that time, though continued to be really tumultuous, other revolts, following that one in one, thousand, nine, thirty two. And although Vargas is credited with a number of reforms, including giving more people in Brazil the right to vote including women, he's also sometimes criticizes basically just being a dictator, doing whatever he wanted without the backing of any other part of the government. Thanks to Eve's Jeffcoat for her research on this podcast and Atari for audio work. On all these episodes you can subscribe to this day in history class on apple podcasts, Google podcasts, and wherever else you get your podcasts tomorrow, you can tune in for the birthday of one of the Internet's very favorite figures. Extending X by is more than just fast. Internet that gives you ultimate control. With the X. by APP, you can pause the Wi fi at the push of a button. Can Your Internet do that? Learn more at xfinity dot com slash X. by. Working from home. Conference, calls. John Everything. We have going on right now. It's never been more important to sleep. We need quality, sleep, natural immune booster, and only the sleep number three sixty smartphone senses. Your movements at automatically judge covered support on both sides your sleep number setting so all those other things we're doing to stay healthy and happy well. They'll work better to. And now during the lowest prices at the season, the queen's sleep number three sixty four bit, is only twelve ninety nine say four hundred dollars only for a limited time to learn more go to sleepnumber dot com. Hi I'm Eve. And welcome to this day in history, Class A show that uncovers history one day at a time. The. Day was July ninth nineteen eighteen. At seven twenty in the morning to trains from the Nashville Chatanooga and St. Louis Railway crashed into each other. The head on collision killed one hundred one people and injured one hundred seventy one people. Though some of those injured may have died later. Since the train, cars were segregated, and the front cars were the ones for black people. Of the people killed in this were black. In the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries train, related deaths and injuries were not uncommon. The railroad industry was host to a lot of hazardous conditions. It was dangerous to couple in decoupled train cars trains derailed and crashed and bridges collapsed. Accidents and the treatment of victims was such an issue in the industry that railroads had their own medical organizations. Though railroad companies, largely opposed increase safety regulations by the late nineteenth century, the government did institute acts that made working in riding on a train safer like requiring powered breaks. These changes lead to less passenger employees, injuries and deaths, but they did not completely rid the industry of accidents. On July, Ninth Nineteen, eighteen, the number one express train on the Nashville. Chattanooga in Saint Louis Railway left Memphis around midnight. Set to in Nashville around seven ten am. The number four usually left Nashville at seven in the morning. Typically, the trains what pass each other in an area between Nashville and shops where there were double tracks. Most of the cars were wouldn't on the number wine, and all of the cars were wooden on the number four. The Jim Crow cars were at the front of each train If anything changed in the train schedules, then the number four would wait on the double tracks until the number. One train passed since it had priority as an inbound train to Nashville. And on this day both trains were delayed. The number four waited on the double tracks for the number one to pass another train did pass around seven fifteen a m, but it was a switch engine, not the number one. The conductor assumed it was the number one and proceeded to continue onto the single track before the number one had arrived. The operator at shops and the dispatcher soon realized the chain began moving before it was supposed to and the crew at shops set off the emergency whistle. But the number four just exhilarated. By the time, the crews on each train saw one another near a stretch of track called Dutchman's curve. It was too late. They collided going about fifty miles or eighty kilometers per hour. The engineers in Stoker's in the locomotives were immediately killed in the impact. On both chains were crushed, and the scene was horrifying. Nurses and doctors came to the wreck to help and the red. Cross his Nashville. Chapter also showed up. The injured were taken to city hospital and Vanderbilt Hospital. And the wreck with clear from the railroad tracks so that trains could continue operating. After the wreck, the interstate commerce commission or ICC conducted a simple investigation into the causes of the accident. In August released? A seven page report made up mostly of pictures. It found that the number four train with at Dutchman's curve when it should have been waiting stops for the number one trying to pass. The crews on both trains were experienced, so that probably was not the reason for the crash. And the crew on the number four train have been working for less than an hour at the time of the crash, so it is not likely that the crew was fatigued due to long hours on the train. Though, it was not clear why the number four train kept going. Some people guests that the engineer missed a signal at shops or thought to switch train was the number one. The SEC did make some recommendations for improvements in operation suggested that trains should have to confirm with a dispatcher whether they're trained with precedents had arrived and proceed only if they got to go ahead. Or that they should proceed only if they were given the official order. The IC also suggested implementing a block signal system where signals tell engineer whether a block is clear. And making the train cars steel instead of wooden. Though the wreck was devastating, did not get a ton of attention in the press. In the years after the great train wreck of nineteen eighteen automatic block, signalling and train control systems became mandatory safety measures. I'm used coat, and hopefully you know a little more about history today than you did yesterday. And if you'd like to learn more about this topic, you can listen to an episode of stuff. Missed in history, class called great train wreck of nineteen eighteen. The link isn't a description. Get more notes from history on twitter, instagram and facebook at teed the I H fi podcast. Thanks again for listening and we'll see you tomorrow. For more podcasts from iheartradio visit the iheartradio, APP Apple, podcasts or wherever you listen to your favorite shows. Why is it that we assume that technology and the Internet is just for White Dudes? The Internet would be nothing without the contributions of women communities of color and. People get those same contributions. Go overlooked raised until now. On my new podcast. There are no girls on the Internet bulletin monuments. All the ways that marginalized people have been using tech on the Internet to change the game since the beginning. Listen to their no on the Internet on the iheartradio. APP APPLE PODCASTS or wherever you get your podcast. New episodes traffic every Tuesday. Guys. It's bobby bones. I host the Bobby Show and I'm pretty much always sleep because I wake up at three o'clock in the morning, a couple of hours later on my friends together, so we get into a room and we do a radio show. We are alive. We tell our stories. We try to find as much good in the world that we possibly can, and we looked through the news of the day that you'll care about also your favorite country artists are always stopping by to hang out and share their lives and music, too. So wake up with a bunch of my friends on ninety eight point seven W. MC q in Washington dc or wherever the rotates you on the iheartradio APP.
Senna: The Early Years - Senna Pt. 1
"For what's going on, guys love for comedian and host of the Young Daddy podcast. Here just want to quickly. Tell you to come check out the show for super honest, hilarious raw advice on everything dating sex. Just you know just about everything else. Sometimes I ran by Hillary Clinton it is. You know things are going to happen, so check out the show. Y., U. N. G. Daddy, give it a listen. Go subscribe and Holler at us. We'll see. Jask. Hey guys welcome to the. podcast you like passed gas. Please help us grow by giving us a good rating and a nicer view on the podcast platform of your choice to really help us out and I really appreciate it. Thank you all right now for the show. Dan Pass Gas. We're talking about the early years of Ayrton Senna. You know him as the legendary driver famous for winning multiple Formula One championships in nineteen, eighty, eight, nineteen, Ninety and nineteen ninety one he won an incredible forty one gram freeze on seventeen different tracks over the course of nine seasons. You probably also know how the story ends. At the age of thirty four while racing at the nineteen ninety four, San Marino, Grand Prix Senna crash on lap, set on leaving the track and a speed over a hundred eighty miles per hour, slammed into a concrete wall, killing him on impact. The. Final Jenny home two with L.. Tragic death cut a storied career short and much like Kurt Cobain, Heath Ledger or to park. It froze centers, accomplishments, and magnetic personality in amber. Deprived of the slow decline to any great talent at the top of their profession will eventually fall. Victim to these names are instead forever frozen their lawyers, and so they remained. Forever Young. Senator is now a legend. But where do legends begin with an origin story of course? So what senators version of being bitten by a radioactive spider, finding a weird lamp, genie or floating down the Nile in a basket made of Reeds? Well like Spiderman Aladdin or Moses Senna his monogamous, but before Senate was sent off, his last name wasn't even Senna at all. His parents worry that he was uncoordinated and even had him test report. He was born into wealth, but although wealth can definitely give you access to the world of bracing, it can't make fast and Santa wasn't just fast. He was the fastest. So what was the moment Senna truly became Senate to answer that we need to start on March twenty first nineteen sixty the day. When in Sao Paulo Brazil. Ericsson senator silver was born. Welcome to pass gas. That was a long intro. Great Man I'm. I got a little choked up there for a second. I mean this guy is so important and just such. Like I, don't know he's just a legend, and he's just like so important to so many people, and I'm really excited that we're going to die, have really deep into his life, but I mean just. A man just. I got a little teary eyed. When you're talking about the forever, young stuff is yeah I sure. Senna is a like I said an intro. He's a legend. Almost like a mythic figure at this point. Just such a hallowed name so revered in in in motor sports and the car world in general. Just like Oh yeah, you hear senators like he was I mean he was the greatest, but like it's just like an instant assumption of just like. Perfection basically right. Yeah, he's like Michael Jordan. Yeah, no thought given to, and we're going to see why that is because. There's a lot of good reason for that I. Think the moment where it hit where I was like Oh, damn was when? You when I I didn't realize he was thirty four when he died and I'm just about to turn thirty four, and so I'm like. I gotTA. Do. Joe You're the air and of automotive podcasting damage. Out Year Man. Is talking about how I am scared about dying. But what I've noticed is a lot of a lot of pieces that talk about center. Don't really dive into his early life. which is what we're going to do today? And I'm really excited about that. Hopefully will give people some insight into where this dude came from, and I, think yeah without further ado. Let's get into the life. The early life of one Ayrton Senna. Are you guys ready? I'm ready. Ready sale ever be. Ready, legit. You WanNa give. Fired up I think my new my new thing is. Fire Dub! Different words fired up. I could see that on a shirt for sure, but D. U. P. Oh, yeah, fire! Up I get a man. It's great. It's solid. C. memes are better when you explained. A Ayrton Senna Da. Silva was born in nineteen sixty in Sao. Paulo Brazil at the pro Ma tre. I'm going to by the butcher every Brazilian. Names Zillion were. Portuguese Brazilian. I'm going to butcher at all today. Just letting you know. Pro Monterey! Maternity Hospital of Santana a hospital I assumed was named after the legendary guitarist areas. Warn! Ayrton's father Milton Dasilva was a landowner and factory owner, and among other businesses Milton owned an auto parts company, and his knowledge and connections within the industry would become a key entry point for Airton into the world of racing safe to say. The family was wealthy and lived very comfortably in an upscale neighborhood in Sao Paulo. I live in an upscale neighborhood now. You're like irritant center of your neighborhood. Yeah nonni deflected can't help it. Ayrton's mother was Nita Senna Dasilva and that would. Later prove to have huge significance. Ayrton was the middle child with an older sister named Vivian and brother. Leonardo in nineteen sixty s saw Paulo was a bustling metropolis of four million people. It had just surpassed Rio de Janeiro to become Brazil's most populated city, and to this day remains the most populated city in all of South America much like New York. The city has always been a melting pot for different cultures ethnicities on the continent in addition to being Cosmopolitan Sao, Paulo was. was also a major hub of industry in South America and many districts in the cities region were heavily industrialized one. Those industries was cars, so the silver families link to that industry would not have been uncommon Ayrton's childhood, which was geographically centered in this car capital of south. America was naturally steeped in cars and racing. Knowing you grew up in like a car family. Yeah, but that didn't really have anything to do with like where I lived. No yeah, well, maybe I. Don't know I think there's something about small towns that just Kinda like naturally inclines them to be. Have a car culture I think I think so especially in California like we. Like every year. There's like a cruise night AM, I still know a ton of people tunnel. Old Guys all have their multiple hot rods. You know the the economy when that tank that kind of affected the car culture at the high school because we couldn't like by, sit cars anymore, but there's a few of my friends had. Like my friend, cody had a mustang sixty four and a half months during my buddy, Eric had like sixty nine Ranchero, which had the front end of Torino which is pretty radio. Yeah. Air Tin was a child familiar yet. Thrilling destination would have been the AUTODROMO. Jose Carlos Pace say. Look guys. We're GONNA butcher. Know where begin. I would say patching now. That sounds awful when I say that. I don't know. James. Win Win Airtime was a child familiar yet. Thrilling destination would have been there. Autodromo Jose Carlos Pace more commonly known as Interlagos, interlagos was and is a world-class auto racing track built in nineteen, forty, two, that hosted its first Formula One race in Nineteen seventy-two. interlagos is probably best known for its great number of inclines and challenging hills as well as its counterclockwise layup. It's a super dope track. The course now features karting circuit named after Ayrton, Senna, but in the nineteen sixties and seventies of Ayrton's youth, such an honor was just something. The boyhood dream about decades before air tin became a legend worthy of naming a track after interlagos would play a major role in his development as a racer. At the age of four Ayrton was given his first. Go Kart, which is father had custom built the car? Itself was one horsepower with a lawnmower engine, and would spark not only racing career, but a lifelong love of carts as aaronson climbed the ranks of racing, he'd look back fondly on his karting years for racer known for his pure intensity concentration. Perhaps there was something elementary, appealing about the relative simplicity of. As a very young child of three or four, airton ironically had with balance motor coordination that led to his parents, getting him tested, but no problems were revealed. Interestingly. Airton was also left handed. been at clumsy is located just so, but like clumsy enough that parents would be like. We gotta get this kid test. He okay. Well Mr de Dasilva. We didn't find anything wrong with your child He is left handed though. Back? Him Back, he's six. NOT DONE COOKING While apparently. Being worrisome leak clumsy. He was also very athletic, proving to be very talented at any sport that he put his mind and body to clearly eraser of Ericsson's caliber have both incredible physical and mental capabilities. Maybe those early struggles were a symptom of mind body connection, being uniquely forged in a way that would eventually reveal itself as racing genius. I don't think you can be like dumb and be a really driver. No Way do those. Have like a fundamental. Acceptance of physics and this inherent knowledge of that. Yeah in the same way that like I remember. This is off track, but and like junior high when we're like learning physics. My teacher Mr West used Tony Hawk as an example Mr. West with the word West. US Tony Hawk as an example of someone who's like Tony. Hawk has a great skater because he understands physics. You guys be great skaters. We'll pay attention. That's a bit of stretch. How's it look I'd use something like that. Mr West was really cool. Camberley Connie West taught at your high school. That was pretty weird, although his father immediately saw Ericsson's potential as a racer, he can't have fully imagined the consequences of that early gift much as whoever gave Michael Jordan. His first basketball couldn't have imagined he one day star in space jam, opposite of Bugs Bunny. A who could have imagined right speaking of cartoons, an interesting side note to this period incentives history is that in nineteen ninety four Brazilian comic book launched called. CENA meaning little senna. The character is described as an eight year old with unruly hair, bulbous nose and red overalls based on the uniform set a war while racing for McLaren cartoon launched just months before Senna's death in after Saddam was gone. Sin Nina became a massive pop culture phenomenon in Brazil other characters within the cartoon like. An I'm sorry about the pronunciation. New Roy translates to my hero, said Nita's magical, yellow and green talking helmet can Canadian Brazilian whereas in this sure. New Roy, let's get you. That's better than. Brazil or Portuguese is such a crazy language, because it sounds like a German person speaking Spanish in my opinion, the French in there, too. So strange, meanwhile at the age of seven the non. Animated Live Action. Real AIRTON DASILVA was learning to drive a full size car. By driving a jeep around his family's property safe to say, he wasn't wearing a magical helmet. During this time, he also learned to change gears without using the clutch a necessity for racing. You have to wonder how seven-year-old could even reach the peddles, but setting a precedent for compliment. That would last his entire life. Air Tin found away De. Without a clutch, he just managed the REV REV match I. I've never learn how to do that. But it's totally possible. Sex Job can do it yet well. I broke Zach jobs car and he drove it all the way home without using the clutch down pch with traffic hunt in traffic. It was like the man I I've ever seen. That job is going to be a Great Dad Oh. Yeah, one hundred percent I. Want Him to be my dad. By the time he was nine. airton competed in his first cart race. As luck would have it. He drew his first pole position as well a fortuitous sign of things to come. The race was held in a parking lot in a Sao. Paulo neighborhood of Campinas with many of the drivers being twice Airton Age. Can you imagine being eighteen years old and then losing pole position to a nine year old? airton would lead much of the race before, flipping the cart with three laps to go and failing to finish that sucks dude. Joe Did you go to a car track recently, not recently, but like I, we went. With donut Oh yeah, no I'm talking like. Did you ever go to the gas cards? Though out of yeah, beyond Fontana Yeah Dude I. I went there. Sometime last year and just got my ass kicked by these kids. Yeah, there's some. Kids that go there every weekend that are just insane and Jeremiah is so good at Guardian like really ask card. Specifically Jeremiah has all dude, Jeremiah Burton host of bumper to bumper on donut media youtube channel. You might remember him from our PT Cruiser series. Did on this. By the way in case you're imagining one of these carts like something you'd drive at your local amusement park. That's not what these things were. Racing Karts at the time were extremely lightweight. More than one hundred pounds and empl- employed hydraulic disc brakes and could reach speeds of up to sixty miles per hour. Nowadays, they're even faster. It's crazy, interestingly enough. The cart that airton raced in at the time was once owned by Emerson Fittipaldi, a name that was already legendary in Brazilian motorsports. He had won the F. One world championship for Lotus in Nineteen seventy-two, while Ayrton was. Was a child and the nineteen seventy four championship. McLaren later he would switch to North American indycar racing and win the indy five hundred twice. So what's his cart? Wake decades old or was it? He just a tiny guy that had a little cart than he was like here. Here's my cart. I mean it was probably old, but also cart designed didn't hasn't really changed a lot. Like you wouldn't WanNa, raise the cart from the sixties or seventies today, but like the the fundamentals are still there where I mean, it's airlines I car. He's not going to have the best one out there, but he can still be competitive if he's good enough which he was that makes sense well. Yeah, you have to imagine that. fittipaldi loomed larger than life for Airton as he was racing as a kid for comparison, the age difference between Ertan and Fittipaldi was fourteen years almost exactly the same age difference Michael Jordan and Kobe Bryant and much like that relationship what? What started as mere inspiration would later turn into direct influence, a connection which will explore waiter in the episode at the age of Thirteen Airton competed in his first sanctioned event, which took place at the interlagos. Go Kart track racing against older boys in their late teens again he would start on pole position and this time airton would win that race on the track that would later one day be renamed the Cartridge Romo Ayrton Senna so that's so cool. Yeah, so for like first four years of his life, he was like the parking lot tracks, which is pretty sick. but now he's getting those points. He's in a series. You know his number for that. Race was forty two, which, in Japanese culture is considered unlucky because the number in Japanese sounds like the word for dying. On don't laugh. On a lighter note, it's also the answer to the ultimate question of life, the universe and everything, according to Douglas Adams in the HITCHHIKER's guide to the to the universe. Alexey, thank you for the time. Being airtime continued to race in go kart championships, winning six championships across South America he proved to be a dominant racer for instance in the Sao Paulo Go Kart Championship. He won five out of ten races and placed second in three of the remaining five contests as a teenager. He studied at the. College Career Bronco. He studied at the Colegio Rio Blanco studying physics, math chemistry, and English, he was apparently a below average student with grades, averaging sixty eight percent, but you have to imagine his mind was always elsewhere talking about on the track, despite his poor grades nearly everyone who met Airton would describe him as as extremely intelligent. Yeah, I relate to that. You know I was a a C. C.. Student CEO'S A D. minus student. Like barely there. In High School I definitely did not take it very seriously, which is stupid because looking back on like the work, they give you in high school. It's like that is so easy so easy compared to like stuff you. You have to do later in college. Jim had six watermelons, and I'm like. What is this? My senior year of high school they gave me a new locker and I forgot the combination, and so I just never went to the entire. All my books are in it. My High School we had lockers, but they didn't let us use them. Blackout was so stupid. Yeah, so we have to carry these frequent books around everywhere. showed his left him at home i. Would Act is so muscular. Yeah! That's very muscular. His Father Milton in a clip you can see in the excellent documentary. Senna available on Netflix was already predicting his son sponsor. It's not sponsored, but it's a great. I watch probably five times a year. So his father was already predicting his son would one day race in. Formula, one however grand the ambitions of both father and son. During this time it's clear that Ertan truly loved karting and was not using it as a mere steppingstone greater fame speeds. He would later describe karting as pure driving pure racing without any politics. No money involved. It was real racing. Kart racing was Airton. What hamburger was to the Beatles or who are overrated? Swiss patent. Office was to Einstein a safe and early pasture to explore and refine his talent before progressing to a career under the spotlight I saw one of the coolest pictures of Einstein of. He's got his tongue out and he's L- looks crazy. It looks like he's partying. Honestly? I WANNA get a poster of it and put it up in my room. Yeah, it's like I like that poster. I know when you're talking about. It's great. It's so cool because he does look like he's partying. It's so cool that poster because you know we all know. Einstein smart. Yeah Right. Yeah, yeah, like when someone does something stupid like we say way to go, Arnstein because. It's like a joke because he was. Actually like. A way to call people. SMART Obviously. Yeah people have been calling saying way to go Einstein to you. There had yeah man. I'm sorry sorry to tell you, but it's it's. He's so smart, but then in that picture he looks like he's partying and he looks crazy and I mean it's just the dichotomy is amazing, and I love it so much. While man sure is a an enigma I will say. That picture fullback Tattoo. Like Roger Stone. I Have Roger Stone on my back a big face of Roger Stone's. I hope you did, did you make? Did you make sure the the sunglasses like really small on his face? For some reason? Yeah, they look like little pogs pogs on his is. We'll get back to more pass gas right now over more sponsors. Look. into the secret histories of EXORCISMS, Christmas Massacres Kill Does Irs and concert disasters about haunted mansion's the. Philadelphia experiment the Dorm of death or candy corn. Then you're gonNA love, ghost town, a hilarious and sometimes not so hilarious, twice weekly podcast on Wednesdays we discussed the secret history of an abandoned unexplored, haunted or mysterious place from anywhere in the world and on Fridays. We cover an amazing historical failure from any time in history goes. Town is one hundred percent, safe and legal. We guaranteed. It's also fun spooky and can contain a riot, a massacre, a murderer or an arch deluxe I'm Rebecca. I'm Jason. Horton and this is ghost town and you can find ghost town wherever you listen to podcasts. Although, carting was far from the big leagues, Airton was highly competitive and aggressive from the get go. In an interview decades later with Jackie. Stewart discussing centers pattern of aggression senator was put on the spot and ask to defend his higher than average rate of making physical contact with other cars Santa responded that he viewed himself as a racer. Who was quote designed to win races? It's clear that even young yeah, even at a young age. Yeah I'm made different. Yeah I've been designed to win. God made me different where. So God designed you to lose. Yeah, he made you Scottish. ME. He designed to win. Maybe. That's why you don't understand how I operate. Because, you were designed to lose, maybe understand Einstein. Electing their I'm sorry. I thought it was as an easy joke. Jackie Stewart of course his own legendary figure. If you haven't seen the Jackie Stewart documentary of him at Monaco definitely, check that it's so good. It feels so cool. Haven't seen that it's good. It's like very like. Verite or whatever cinema very? Did on Pluto TV because that's the only APP that I. Know it's on. That Dude is that subsidary of grunge. Yeah Yeah Yeah I mean if you do you have the grunge access all access pass part of the grunge universe so easily. Access is only five cents a month. Okay It's clear it's clear that even at a young age Ertan was in a sense designing himself the same way, an automaker would design a car pushing himself to the limits of human ability while many people who watched Airton race in those days would recognize his potential to push himself in achieve greatness. His success was anything but a sure thing. Racing is incredibly competitive and the pressure. burnout is constant and intense. Oh, wow, what came next for air to now seems predestined at the time it was anything, but who, if you recall Emerson Fittipaldi had already played a role once Ericsson's career when Ayrton inherited his carp fit. A party already knew Eriksen's father Milton as A. A wealthy businessman active in the industry of San Paulo, but had met Airton yet, although he had heard about the young racers early successes on the track one day at Interlagos, Milton inheritance watched fittipaldi testing cars on the track after the test Milton approached polity, and asked him for advice on guiding budding racing career fittipaldi advised him to contact Ralph. Firman the founder of Van Demon. The manufacturer of Formula Ford cars located in Norfolk England. FITTIPALDI's advice came from experience in the late sixties. Himself had crossed the Atlantic to race. For Van Demon, he clearly saw air. Tim, someone who could literally follow in his footsteps, and his advice could be summed up as Just do what I did. Milton. Just doing Milton and his son would follow up on the lead and demon would offer air tennis spot, however, in one, thousand, nine, hundred eighty. Airton declined the offer. Airton continued to Qarase and the next year demon would offer him the same opportunity so nineteen, eighty one at the age of Twenty Airton made a pivotal decision, yet both dominated and outgrown the world of South American cart racing. He decided to travel to Europe to compete for the first time outside of Brazil. It was a huge choice. Senate made the decision to travel literally to the other side of the globe to a new country with a new language and a different culture to race in what was the equivalent of single a baseball. The sacrifice was huge. And so too must have been Ayrton's desire to race. I feel like there could have been an English equivalent of baseball in their single. Single a cricket single. No, that'd be like going because like club soccer is different over there right like there are actual literal literal clubs that can move up in the ranks of yeah, but while right. That's pretty cool that that's pretty cool. That works actually. I like that I. think that's really cool like a really low level team. If they beat like higher level teams, they get to go up right. That's like I. Don't know I don't know man. I could just be making up yeah man. That's not the way it happens in like a AAA baseball. You kinda go up aid to AA TO AAA. Team doesn't go up right, but in. In Club soccer, though the club's move up in diff- into different league. I don't know I. Don't merely. I don't know I. Don't know okay, soccer expert. I know I am. That's one. That's what I don't know. I haven't gotten there yet I. Haven't gotten there yet. I'm not that far in the book. The second book of soccer. How the teams work yet, anyway, airlines I car in England would be the van. Demon RF eight one. It was a single seater open wheel race car, which means that the the wheels were outside the body of the car. Just in case you didn't know that. The class was formula Ford which originated in the nineteen sixties as a way to give aspiring drivers away of learning Formula One. Style driving. While the rules allowed for variation in the body work of each chassis. Each car was required to use a specific Ford engine, which at the time of Ericsson's participation was the Cortina Sixteen hundred CC, which made one, hundred, twenty five. This is the one that Lotus started messing with Cosworth Yeah, and that's where they. Out Imagine, that's probably one of the ways they originated as companies This was a pretty serious engine. However, unlike Formula One to Formula Ford cars didn't get to use wings to create downforce and racing slicks were also not allowed us like road style tires with tread sounds slighty oh. Yeah, well. Yeah, you learn learn a lot of car control. That way let a car control that way, Nolan. You did right? Yeah, you've you're learning about car control right? You're in the book. I'm in a second car book so I. Am I just got to car control. Reggie spend a ton of money on the Encyclopedia Britannica again. James's singlehandedly keeping the traveling salesman industry alive. Cleaner? moved to the BURBS and this is how we buy stuff now. I have been open to Amazon. I did have a guy. I hope he's listening. And I'm definitely not making fun of I'm sorry, I didn't get back to him. He hit me up on instagram in the DMZ, and he's like hey, man, trying to make money A. Can I practice selling knives to you. And I was like Yeah I. Might I might say yes. The obvious pretty cool. That would be a really good sales tactic, too. Yeah, I don't know what I'm doing, and then he like before you know it, you have a whole set of knife. Just like like I know. We're just like practicing but like. Not doesn't that's pretty good. Actually yeah, they are. Casey's like why do we have so many knives? I think I got tricked. Why are they all neon green with radioactive symbols on them and you? Can with it. Through cans actually could use some new knives well I guess I got. Isn't even talk to me or get me what do loop. Big names you Biglou. Eriksson's first formula. Ford race took place at brands hatch. Brown's Hutch I would love to go to brands. Hatch look sick, Ertan, still going as Airton. Dasilva was driving the previous year's car. Since a nineteen eighty-one model was not yet available to him, he was the low man on the totem pole after all v However the next week racing at thrust in. Ston British. British places have the best. But also weirdest name that's like triumph motorcycle model right? Yeah, I think so. thri he placed third he that podium. The next week again at brands hatch, he won with a nine second margin of victory over two heats to this day. A Ralph Firman still displays the Laurel the. You know the wreath that Airton one that De. At van, Demon headquarters which is nine seconds. IS THAT GAP? especially in a a SPEC class like that like that, that's. Pretty impressive. That's called driving baby. Yeah, that's chapter one. Chapter one in the book. Pretend. Even before Air Tin arrived, Demon was considered the best team in Formula Ford. They had a habit of recruiting. South American racers including as you may recall Emerson Fittipaldi. Other Demon Racers included Argentine ornery K key came in Silla and Brazilian Roberto. Moreno and row will boasts sell. AIRTON fit right in in his first year of competition, he raced twenty times in place first incredibly dominant twelve times. That's crazy now. The adjustment from karting to a much more powerful heavier car was. Simply not an issue for our boy. Despite his early dominance, there are signs that Erickson was not fully convinced of his future after the season he decided to retire from forming the Ford and moved back to Brazil to work for his father and his many businesses. It's hard to know whether he was homesick or truly doubting his future as a racer, the latter is harder to believe. As before he left. England Ertan was offered a ten thousand pound contract to race in formula for two thousand, the next highest class that racers progress through. Get it. He's a little homesick. Get his country. The whole ocean away in Brazil's Brazil's a pop in place. It's warm. You know it's got a lot of culture. That's very different than you know England. I wonder. I. Wonder if it was like the. Way Better if he didn't grow up in such. A wealthy family like would that ten thousand pound contract. Like, anyone else would have jumped on that right away. Probably right out and so yeah. Another factor in his decision to depart from England was likely Airton short-lived marriage to Lillian Day. Vasconcelos sows. The two had known each other since Childhood in Brazil and married in Nineteen eighty-one. However, vast consensus apparently couldn't adapt to life in England. They divorced in one, thousand, nine, hundred, eighty, the same year air to temporarily move back to Brazil. Their marriage would last a mere eight months of the relationship. Vasconcelos would later say I was his second passion. His passion was racing. There was nothing more important in the world to him. Not Family, not wife. Nothing. AIRTON would never have children in for the rest of his life. His relationships with women appear to be short-lived and superficial. Is Married to the game. Dude yet did. An interview with playboy Brazil from Nineteen Ninety provides salacious insight into young. Ericsson's relationships with the Eighties Erickson divulge that his first time sleeping with the woman was at the age of thirteen at a club in downtown Sao. Paulo in Ayrton's words. I was very smart at the time, so they didn't let me in. Suddenly I saw that a big really really big woman goes in. She was blonde in a prostitute later of course. I realized that I had nothing to do with what is important. But at the time it was good. Wow returning again to nine, hundred, eighty, two newly divorced irritant, took Formula Ford Two thousand job offer, and returned to England, but not before making one extremely significant change until that point Airton had gone by his birth name Ertan Dasilva, however to Silva was one of the most common Brazilian last names in there were so many other racers who shared it with Ayrton, causing confusion as his profile, Rose Arizona, passing up sell von Inside Selva coming on the outside, Silva Ericsson decided to go by his mother's name as he returned to racing, and from that point became forever known to the world as Ayrton Senna. Atman so now that Airton was finally Senna you'd waste no time in progressing towards. F One in Nineteen Eighty, two at twenty two years old, he moved up to the Higher Class Formula Ford two. Thousand in which the cars had slick tires and front and rear wings in his first six races of the season he had pole, position and fastest lap for every race. He also won every. Every single race for the season he topped his performance of the previous year scoring twenty two wins over twenty eight races. If this was baseball, Senate would be batting seven eighty, all these achievements set new records for formula fourteen thousand, and at the end of the season Senate would be the champion of both the European and British F F, two thousand series, but what's the cricket equivalent? that's like the winning at least twelve out of fourteen screamer bulls. And hitting six wickets with your wacky doodle. Yeah, senator was being seriously looked at by Formula One teams. However, he wasn't quite ready for the big show. There was one last intermediate league in which he'd wanted to prove himself. Formula Three in November of nineteen, eighty two, still in the same year of his record-breaking from La Ford, two thousand run senator strapped into a racing route rt three-car for exhibition race at Foxton, he was already confirmed as a competitor for the one thousand nine hundred three season of three, but this was his first chance to race in a finely tuned at three car that was closer to f one car that anything he had previously driven. I I watched a formula three at Coda when I went to the Grand Prix down there. and. It's so cool. And my dream is that one day like it's obviously a much smaller game than F one, but my dream is one day. Have like a donut car in. Gas Monkey garage had a car really. Also, competing in that race was enrica. sinus teammate as well as Tommy Byrne. The one thousand nine hundred eighty two F three champion talent. To? Tommy. Tommy Byrne and Kiki Mitzi. Yeah Oh man. Now better. Get the fire extinguisher. That's a classic. Tommy Byrne. Get ready to enter the mind of man. Allies around the younger Brazilian now known as Senna competing on the West Surrey racing team. Could he prove himself on this larger stage as he had done so many times before the answer? Well, that's an emphatic, yes. Braxton hosted the British. Formula Three Championship three weeks earlier and insecure the pole position for this exhibition race Santa posted a qualifying time that was faster than the best time scored during any lack of the championship well and Moley Airton would go onto utterly dominate the race winning by a whopping thirteen seconds. Oh, my God, yeah! get this guy, a fricken Beige Khakis he's gap in people. Like you hear so often like you know like Michael. Jordan didn't make his high school basketball team and People really struggling at the beginning of their careers before they could basically like all the stories. Your Dad tells you when you like suck at a sport. Like. Didn't have any of that. He just shows up. It's like. The, best, I'm just really really really good at a box I was designed. I'm made better. I'm different. Yeah, so many of our favorite sports and racing stories are that of the underdog, but from the beginning senators story was not going to fit into an underdog narrative. Instead to this point in his career, he was the fee numb, dominating in whatever arena he entered Senna was never David. He was always Goliath, however, British F three would increase pressure on Senate as a driver, and as his competition stiffen the League would give him his first truly challenging rivalry sense arriving in Europe. In, three senators strategy was simple, dry faster. Take the lead. Keep it up in the spring of rain. That's a great strategy that's. I mean if you want to win a race. In the spring of Nineteen, eighty-three as F, three season began, this strategy would prove to be effective senator one in silverstone on March six thrust in March Thirteenth Silverstone again on March Twentieth Donnington Park March twenty seventh again and again he would win winning the first nine out of nine of the championship series races in absolutely dominant fashion. It wasn't until the tenth race of the season again at Silverstone that Senna would begin to experience adversity. Santa had insisted on a harder less gritty set of tires than what technicians had advised hoping to gain an edge by avoiding any tire changes later on, but on the sixth lap, Senna spun out eventually re entering the race in ninth place he managed to overtake to racers, but then again flew off track on the seventh lap, forcing him to retire. The race was won by British born. Martin Brundle. brundle now brundle is now a commentator for the races. I think at least on NBC. Brundle was David the underdog story that sent a never fit into British born. He had grown up racing on grass tracks before progressing to hot rod racing unlike Senate, he never raced karts man an early fit for formula style racing also unlike Senna. Brundle saw himself as a hobby racer who had achieved unlikely success in never imagined an eventual path to Formula One? If Senate could always find ways to personally excel Martin. brundle nineteen eighty-three performance also showed that Senna could also push other racers to new levels of accomplishment as well. After his win at Silverstone Brundle went on a hot streak, winning three races in a row, meanwhile, a struggled winning only two out of ten races as the end of the season loomed. Senate crashed three times in six races each time as he tried, and failed, overtake Brundle in points, his lead over Brundle, dominant in the first half of the season, started to dwindle, and then disappeared in the three races, leading up to the final Brundle, one every single one of them with points, nearly tied the final race at thrust in would decide the championship Dang. Okay the race would prove to be somewhat anti-climactic. Would Senate would put in scorching qualifying times and take pole position. He got out to an early lead, and as described by local newspaper, the Brazilian quite simply buckled straight down to the job, and began to pull away in a relaxed fashion, bothered by nothing, mechanical or human, says swiftly vanished into the Blue Yonder. Sometimes Goliath wins. That's a really good quote. Sick I love it. We'll get back to more pass gas right now over sponsors. Interestingly enough Irene. Ambrose one of the owners of the West Serie Racing Team the team that Senator Compete Adler real tough bird, our recalled a somewhat dubious tactic for that final race as part of their strategy to take the lead early. His team placed tape on top of the cars. Oil radiator outlet before the start of the race. This caused the oil to heat up to its ideal temperature at a faster rate because it's not cycling through that radiator. A few laps into the race Senna loosened his seatbelt, reached back and tore the tape away to prevent the engine from overheating. WHOA, yeah, looking away from the track for a second, he nearly lost control of the car, but steadied himself and deploy. Apparently worked as You want sounds like a needlessly risky thing to do. Yeah, yeah, it sounds like the Tyre Tyre thing, too. He was like yeah. Thirteen seconds is a good gap, but I'd love to have twenty seconds like he's just kind of getting. I think yeah, I mean he's all about just the domination. You know dislike. Yeah, winning by the largest margin possible. Yeah anything. Anything you can do like a domination is made up of like a bunch of little things for sure. The oil cooler story is revealing in a few ways. Clearly, Santa was highly competitive, obviously always looking for ways to dominate like we said to do so he was willing to take risks and think an unconventional ways as seen from both the tape incident, and his higher than usual rate of wipeouts Santa was comfortable with those risks, occasionally elevating to the level of real danger while the tape anecdote must've been amusing time. It's hard not to look back on it. In a different light. Now knowing what son's fate would be eleven short years later. By, Nineteen eighty-three, it was clear that says ascent through the ranks of racing wooden, and with formula three in addition to winning the British formula three. Championship center also took I in the nineteen eighty-three. Macau Grand Prix of formula three. It was the thirtieth. Macau Grand Prix to be raced on the narrow streets of the Chinese city with some sessions of the track, no more than seven meters wide. If you guys have never seen footage of the Macau Grand Prix it every year. They should stop running honestly because every year there's a huge crash. it's not a race anymore. It's a touring car thing but It's just so stupid. This race would mark sent his memorable first encounter with Gerard Burger. The Austrian who becomes sentenced he at McLaren and a close personal friend, although senator had the fastest lap, recording air, and Burger was awarded the fastest lap trophy. According to Burger, their first conversation occurred when a very serious Senna Approach Burger at an after party to tell him that the award rightfully belonged to him even in the competitive world of auto racing, Senate was building a reputation for taking competition to another level of intensity. Nineteen eighty-three was an eventful year for Senate. F three season was still underway. He had his first drive for Formula One team in July testing. British team Williams another great documentary. The Williams documentary checked out strapped into the car center remarked. I think God is giving me a gift that I've been waiting for a long time sick. After taking to the track, accustomed himself quickly setting a lap time full second faster than the Williams team driver Kiki Rosberg. Both sides of the negotiation played coy with Williams expressing hesitation about signing a rookie Senna win onto tests for McLaren and the much smaller toleman team, but still no deal was reached with any of the teams. For his part said it was reluctant to commit to a long term contract correctly, assuming that his value as an F, one driver would skyrocket after year to experience that really hard and studio yet. Is there a lot of there are lot a of? F Two and F three drivers that come up to f one and they just totally blow it. 'cause they're. They're just not at that level, but he's a site I. I don't i. want a good spot man. Yeah I! Want a good spot man. Going into the nineteen eighty-four season Lotus and Brabham were seriously considering Senate. However politics were getting in the way of deal Lotus considered replacing their current driver Nigel Mansell with Santa, but they're sponsor. The British owned imperial tobacco wanted a British driver. A similar situation occurred at Bramham when their sponsor. Italian, dairy manufacturer Parma lacked insisted on talion driver. Eventually senator signed with Toleman, he was twenty two already been driving for eighteen years already seriously competing for half of his young life, after years of dedication and sacrifice, he was at the top of the world, competing on a formula, one team, his F one debut would be held where his journey began his home country of Brazil at the one, thousand, nine, hundred, four Brazilian Grand Prix held in Rio de Janeiro. For Senate. This achievement must have felt like the end of a very long road, but everything that occurred up until this point was merely an origin story, a pre cool to what would prove to be perhaps the most storied and tragic career in formula, one history Senate had already proven himself to be a hero on the race track, a born winner who lived up to every challenge set in his path. A story wasn't that of an underdog. It was that of a champion. And it was only just beginning, and that's where we'll pick up on next week's episode of pass gas boom. You cited who who? This guy I am fired a. I'm here for this. He's just an example of just someone who had the ability and devoted his life to that cause, and was able to really make happen now. He wasn't focused on anything else besides Daf. Going round them twisties. He's like I. Know what I got. No tire kickers just. What I want. Yeah well. Yeah, well. We'll see next next week. It wasn't as easy as he thought it would be but there's definitely triumph in his early years in the one, it's a really cool story, so stick around and and check that out because the series going to be great. We're going to be doing three more episodes on Senna. We know where we're going this time. We have a set. That's the nation. There's cars in this series. Yeah, and There's no. Beatles there? We will do an entire episode on the yardbirds, so check that out. Just kidding Yeah, this is GonNa, be a great series and I'm really excited and I think this is something that a lot of people have been asking for for a while and it felt right to do it so i. hope you guys enjoyed that episode. follow follow us. Follow donut. If you haven't watched our channel I, think you'd really like it if you enjoyed this This episode of pass gas our at don't media on Youtube. If you WANNA. Watch us do this from the comfort of your couch or TV, checkout doughnut podcasts are second channel. Followed James on twitter and Instagram at James pomfret and followed Joe at Joji Weber. Very funny boys over there. Follow me not so funny boy at nine. Years so funny. I wish I was better at twitter, though some people are so, people are hard. Twitter is hard anyway. and follow donut on social media for some behind the scenes looks. At media all right that'd be. Kind fired up. Get her done.
VF Corp. Stops Buying Brazilian Leather While Amazon Burns
"This episode of Business Wars daily is brought to you by sent pro online from pitney bowes shipping and mailing from your desk is never been simpler than with sent pro online from Pitney goes. Try It free for thirty days and get a free ten pound scale when you visit. PBA DOT com slash B W daily in Uh from wonder I'm David Brown and this is business wars daily on this Wednesday September eleven. The Amazon is he's burning as we now know in late August aerial photographs showing Sao Paulo plunged into darkness in the middle of the day stunned the world that day turn night eclipse lips was a mystery at first but soon it became clear that the cause was some eighty thousand fires burning thousands of miles away in the Amazon rainforest the F. Corporation the multibillion dollar owner of Timberland vans shoes and the north face does not want any part of it late last month it announced that it will stop buying vying Brazilian leather. It won't start again the company said until quote we have the confidence and assurance that the materials used in our products do not contribute due to environmental harm in the country so what does footwear have to do with fires well. The fires on the edges of the Amazon are result of deforestation the station in drought loggers farmers and ranchers cut down trees often illegally they also set fires to clear vast swaths of ranchland mostly to fulfill the world's growing demand for beef. There are fires in the Amazon every year but the number of blazes this year is up about eighty percent over last year according to CNN the news outlet reports that the growth in the blazes is purposeful a result of pro beef industry policies promoted by Brazil's president gyroscope scenario Brazil is the world's largest exporter of beef Bolsonaro says he is not to blame the Amazon rainforest plays a huge role in mitigating climate change. The area is so enormous that unharmed it produces about twenty percent of the world's oxygen BEF Corp says it makes about five hundred million products a year making it one of the largest users of raw all materials in its industry in its effort to improve the company sustainability. VF Corp has been overhauling its supply chain by twenty twenty one. The company claims it will reduce the environmental impact of its raw materials by thirty five percent. Now one of those materials is leather Timberland. You know the Conic Yellow Boot Company is. VF's largest leather user leather is a significant contributor to greenhouse gas emissions. That's because of land-use changes like clearing parts parts of the rainforest. It's also do the copious amounts of methane made by the cattle themselves v F says fifteen percent of its greenhouse gas emissions come from leather weather. It's largest contributors cotton at more than forty percent given its public commitment to cleaning up the supply chain. It's response to the Amazon fires. This makes sense. One of Timberland's biggest rivals is doc Martin maker of the iconic Black boot. The British brand earned revenues news of about three hundred fifty million pounds last year up twenty percent from the year before the much smaller brand has made no public supply chain commitment similar to those of the F. Corp but like the F. It belongs to a consortium called the leather working group which sources materials from tanneries that attempt to reduce the environmental impact of leather processing icing on its own the corpse decision isn't likely to have much effect on Brazil's commitment to fighting fires in the Amazon but often where one company goes rose so go others and when they do together they have an impact so to do shoppers who as we pointed out here more and more lately are increasingly concerned about where their products come from and what effects they may be causing. We're not on the planet from one. This is business workday. Hey do us a favor and take nick few seconds to tell us more about yourself is visit. ONE RE DOT com slash survey sweet love learning about thanks a bunch. I'm David Brown will in this episode is brought to you by central online from Pitney bowes shipping in
"Hello Welcome to Monaco. Twenty fours the urban Est.. The show all about the cities we live in. I'm Angie talk coming up on today's program. Smart ideas what if we actually surveilled the police. Do we have a right to spy. Back technology plays shoes role in our relationship with cities from simple apple. Things such as being able to pay your subway ride with your phone to most serious efforts such as using drones to help keep protests peaceful also ahead. Had We do a lot and we'll continue to do more because I think we got it right with everybody else across the Xy Company and I think it was a massive success story for Great Britain to talk about turning London's Olympic legacy into a technology and innovation campus an electric car-sharing scheme changing mobility in the Balkans an APP making life. Easier Zia for tenants in Chad buildings and another helping people to navigate Brazilian bureaucracy. All that coming up over the next thirty minutes right here on the avenue with me hundred talk Olympic parks like those rose in Rio and Beijing offer fall into disrepair once. The Games are over but London's Olympic quarters are often considered one of the most successful redevelopment around the globe in two thousand twelve hit east took over the press and broadcast center from the London Games and turned the site into a technology and innovation. Campus is now home to the length of bt Sports. Ucla Bartlett School of Architecture and Ford Europe earlier. I caught up with Gavin in pool. Who was the visionary for the site and the bid for the buildings back in two thousand twelve to talk about some of the smaller ideas coming from here east and watch pan on can learn from London? Once they're twenty twenty Olympics have passed we wanted an economic legacy and it education legacy an employment equity and I think from our point of what we could see all along was London is fragmenting in a nice way not in a dangerous babies fragmenting different pockets of opportunities around the call. London if look where people come in whether it's kings causal euston Paddington Auto Victoria they will come in and then they go somewhere from that point. Stratford is now the second busiest terminal in London six busiest terminal in the UK. A lot of people come into place and we just saw this as an amazing opportunity to do something different as everybody thought he was really a long long way out. I think the Games was our biggest marketing campaign. which paid nothing for taxpayer-paid lows for because over eight million people were coming to the park? Saw How easy it was to get out to Stratford. And if you think about where can I be from everybody's comfortable to Canary Wharf. Would you the further east. We are literally do north. And we're only just a little bit further eastern kings so any look at it on a map. I think it's just the way that the worst enemies the tube map you look at the tube map. He lives his way out. But it's not and he's really accessible. A Mobley find is when people come to us for the very first time often we hear. Wow this is amazing using a secondly really intending that much time a tool to get out from central London we'll have fifteen twenty minutes in your Stratford and then we've got a beautiful shuttle. Pass which calling you you working in London. Every first of all everyone used to live in the West trump cheap in the west of London then came look with further eastern further and further east. Now definitely people when they're renting wanting or trying to look for a home. The proximity to Olympic Park is a real appeal for people to take a home here in London. Your project has helped re map the city in a really interesting way. I think we've got a four and a half thousand people now on site which just saying that small my face because there's only a couple of years ago about fifteen hundred hundred We have a lot of international business with us in a lot of international employees and students who are based with us as well. I'm what we often hear as companies are looking to make a decision about where they are going to go next by. There's a new office as opposed to replacement office or whether it's a new product. They want to develop out every company that we see come to here is pretty much. Everyone has grown whether it's the might of Ford Automotive for their global Ability team move from thirty people to over two hundred thirty people in space or two years or whether it's matches fashion who have kept their headquarters in Charlotte as a signature. HQ But all of their creative studios. It's very graphic video studios their in house design and technology teams all over clone extensively adhere east universities of grown has grown mobis. Now seeing is from the stops based in our only innovation center flexible which the President helped me Pernille Division together of Andrew Runs Flexible Timothy Auto companies in their three founders. A bunch of cash dot a company now that full -til sixty people and now they're moving in out of innovation center so like co Working Managed Office into into more article the more traditional property play of taking a lease from the bigger heaviest entity and having their own studios and growth everywhere. We look to see growth until fuel that growth life is the people who are coming to hear he's worked for the to meet on the Stratford. Let's talk about that now. Then what how does that fit into this whole network so our nearest it transport hub and the Development Post Games is obviously the strap for nuclear. And we're very proud. Within the Olympic Park in Hackney Jason Acne Wick and fish island was vevey AAC creative and we wanted to tap into that creativity and as a whole load of work we've done by helping businesses were in danger of being displaced through regeneration. So we end up with a whole again overuse word of gentrification but we fill to hold studios about over seventy five percent of people in their of come from Hackney Wick Fish Island to Lisa retain that creativity outside the Stratford side again. That's gone through an amazing change around about five years ago people wouldn't even come to Stratford from a commercial point. If you pro-business Montefiore now we often hear from some of the larger potential occupies his own. We'd come in Stratford. Meaning you're not going to lend early so the development next to Westfield Big shopping center I'm not being a complete turnaround who five years and so that because actually I'll I completely differently working partnership anyway so there has been a complete turnaround in the fortunes of Strafford. Now there's more to do nothing any listeners. Who Do know Stratford? And there's often a big worry the legacy company but knew him counsel as well around the divide between Old Trafford. And I think there's a lot of work and we can all do Birkin with the University of East London. Working local colleges making sure though when we are running inside programs which we do to bring young people to understand the sectors they could have an opportunity keep getting into a series is to work further. Afield your side of the railway lines often use expression but it's true that massive railway line of the side into draft town on to make sure the opportunities are seen over there as well. It's a real divide that needs to be still broken down and just tell me finally we have the games coming up in Tokyo regained beginning to Los Angeles. How much are you now? Uses a benchmark. How many visitors are you guiding round sunny muddy fields these days but certainly around a fascinating team project? We do a lot and we do it on behalf of UK pse we really do believe in our country believe he absolutely got this right in the middle of making a film the IOC looking the success of the Volkhov Center we have had multiple visits from Governo Tokyo mayor of Tokyo and Japanese politicians. We've had the bad deputy mayor of a team from twenty twenty eight. The fenby Novus twenty twenty four so we do a lot and we'll continue to do more because I think we got it right with everybody else cost legacy company as well her doing huge job in the whole of the park and I think he's a massive success story for Great Britain to talk about Gavin. Thank you so much for joining us here on the east. You can find car-sharing schemes in many cities around the world. Some places even have a fair van number of electric vehicles but Slovenia's capital Lubiana is a rarity it combines the to the Avalon to go system is an increasing racing part of the city's mobility mix with hundreds of cars and scores of locations. It goes the extra mile for its users. MARKLE's man in Louisiana Guide to learn is one of them trig on in roads to change the re write the welcome to levy on. You'll just have to excuse accuse me a moment. I'm choosing which car I'm going to drive today. Should it be BMW. I three NABATI flash small FATU. That's the problem I've got. All three passengers Renos Zoe. No we're talking. All it takes is a swipe of the APP and the call is mine. I don't own a car and don't want to either. It's altogether too much hassle and and expense and that's before you get into the environmental part of the equation so the Avante to go system is made for people like make it's low in cost. Hi Inconvenience and skulls a great fat zero on emissions on one of the the most important pillar for us is shifting can into location before we started to sell anything we create the concept of hot great mindshift matter is the founder ever of the Slovenian rental company asked car he started Avante to go in time for Lubiana stint as European Green capital. Three years ago I read about. I mean you should be for both the green capital this is somehow we can participate to the city in the right moment with the right product and on the door and I could say that we got the great support and all the dialogues ahead. Were in the way hall to make Mobility Cleaner and smarter author within the city. Other cities can learn from the two guy experience parents. Obviously you'll hoping to expand regionally but I guess somewhere like you know Paris London nuts. That's maybe what you feel you won't today or on. BISHEN or vision is not to be biggest or to make billions but to change the world here in smarter to enjoy it a so first step is Lake gracious also integrate internationally. I in the region. Uganda Selena Gracia. Is Our laboratory very learn how you can provide the mobility deserves SORTA smaller cities and even maybe rural areas in order to be sustainable. So once we reach this point the film ever able to each other part of the world body passionate not so long ago driving an electric car. All was the sole preserve of a certain kind of nerd. These days it's not even the future it's happening right now and with many forward thinking transport projects lube. Donna is in the lead. This is a city which revolutionized its urban environment by prioritizing buses bikes and walking deputy Matt Yashar fits go is one of the masterminds Vancouver. Actually they came to us with the idea of having having hundred percent electric cars and we were really Lee up for for that idea for two reasons. I think first of all because it's electromobility. We adopted our electromobility strategy. Back in two thousand and thirteen so it was a good thing for us because of less emission less noise another important reason was it's also a good example of sharing economy with many or more Alarm to to go cars in the city we have less other. Private cars is an ice crowd in the city. Why does Adam to go work? There are plenty of rental locations with protected parking in places and a logistics team wizards round making sure that all of them have caused available plus the prices ridiculously reasonable. But then just take my word for it. There's another satisfied customer. My name is I'm the founder of Nova Claw which is a law firm established in the Libyan. AH WE USE OF UNTO GO as One of the main means of transportation for company meaning all our employees who needs to go for a business trip a meeting in Uganda or in the area they normally use of unto goes. It's well spread around the city city and the stations are in locations which makes sense. It makes our administration much easier. Everyone knows where the cars are and we. We have zero admin work with our troops around the gun which is a great feat. I'm about to go is to persuade people that koruna shipped a concept which should be consigned to the dustbin of history. Well certainly works survey for multiple an electric car in Ludhiana guides along. Is there such a thing as a good drone and can they be used to promote democracy and accountability in cities. This is the core of some of the research by Austin Choice. It's Patrick who's a professor of peace studies from the University of California San Diego and he's findings findings collected in the upcoming book. The good drawn how social movements mobilize action democratize surveillance and demand accountability is. It's quite a long title. He delves into the ethical questions to and how civilian use of drones can aid social movements and protests. So what role does this emerging technology have ethnicities. Mongols Carlotta Rebelo had a chance to catch up with Austin in Washington. DC A couple the months ago. Let's listen in the argument I make in the book. Is that when I wrote the book. which was you know these things? Take Awhile to get depressed but when I wrote the book the only conversation in that we were having at a national level was about either drones used by the military and drone strikes which is not what I'm writing about him. Writing about sort of smaller platform drones owns a leading by drones that made by and Perret and these sorts of things to sort of quad copter. Is that we tend to have seen over the last five years or so and I was disturbed that all of the conversations stations focused on either police government entities using drones and fears of governmental surveillance. I share those fears or Amazon's GONNA be able to deliver packages and twenty two minutes or less or or your money back and that sort of concern over where the corporate drones would fly right so those are two important conversations surveillance and privacy issues related to both law law enforcement in particular but government and also corporations miss in that conversation. I thought was a whole lot of pro. Social Use by civil society actors people who are using drones for things like monitoring police abuse or documenting environmental degradation or identifying where it was endangered species. Were being poached this kind of thing so my sort of a team. I have research lab that does work on this called the drone lab and we analyze everything from two thousand nine to two thousand fifteen all the small drone on flights that took place. We found out that small fraction was actually for surveillance. A small fraction was sort of for violence and dropping drugs into jails and that sort of stuff and the majority of vast majority of the use I was for rnd for science it was for advocacy purposes. I'm a social movement. Scholar was used by people in my world. And so I'm trying to broaden the conversation rather than a closed down on a very important very real conversation about police surveillance. I'm trying to broaden it to ask. Well what if we actually surveilled the police. What if we survey do do we have a right to spy back? And I think that's I don't have the clear answer to that. But I want to push the debate out from. Oh no here comes police drone to well what if we. The people had drones. We we do with them and how to use them responsibly and we may decide. Nobody should have drones okay with but I want to have that conversation in terms of the research that you've done while are working on this book. I remember reading something about violence and overcrowding for example. What are some of the findings you had on? That was it that actually helps with crowd control or that asked protesters rotate. You can be more prepared when you know. Exactly what scenario GONNA face before you go onto the streets exactly speaking to police brutality for example so we did when we actually my team use drones in their field is we used to document the size of protests and so it turns out that protests size is a great sort of indicator of whether or not there's broad support for against public policy for example or for against the leader or some particular social political economic issue. The big question ends up being how many people turned out on the street. And so what ends up happening is of course. The person WHO's been challenged says there were a handful of people on the street and the protesters said we were in the millions and and the truth is somewhere in between journalists oftentimes end up being sort of arbiter of how many people turned out but journalists are on the ground also talking to people and reporting and don't know how to count crowds crowds. You know aren't trained in this way I shouldn't say don't know how this isn't their formal job and so what ends up happening is there. Is this tug of war about the truth. And so my team and I developed this sway. This transparent way of estimating. How big crowd is? I don't want to bore you the details but it's transparent and both parties can look at it and you can fight over the methodology rather than fighting over the optics picks and so it's my move not to sort of like score one for social movements but the score one for social science and say let's just get the facts out there and maybe if there weren't a lot of people then and maybe there's not that much support. I've gotten pushed back on this when I've given presented these findings especially from the left and from Social Movement folks who say how many people people turned out shouldn't be the metric. It's actually the argument and whether or not it's pro people and whether or not it's ethically right and that sort of thing and I don't disagree with that for my sort of ethical cool normative perspective but from a public policy perspective. We know that when lots of people turn out on the street significant numbers and not numbers but percentage is a big percentages of people. Turn out on the street. They win and so I'm trying to give back a methodology for example retool our strategy. So that we can have this conversation I think in a more transparent auditable way. Around protests protests is turnouts that sort of thing but the challenges there were six hundred women's marches last year. A thousand climate you you know sort of rallies last year on one day and so then the puzzle becomes. How do we map all of that? So great we're getting this stuff. You know crowd counting getting onto one spreadsheet. They're doing an amazing job. How we take that next step is incredibly challenging? Just because we're living in a society I mean this is like the news every day and these protests will not be going away over the next five ten years Austin Choi Fitzpatrick speaking to Monaco's Collartoo Rabelo in Washington. DC His new book heavy guy good drone how social movements mobilize applies action democratize surveillance and demand. Accountability is out in early. Twenty twenty now to accompany making life easier for tenants. Space flow is a tenant experience APP aiming to make life easier for people living and working in Chad buildings from booking a yoga class to reporting a problem with the plumbing and even organizing a block party the APP aims to connect users with both their community and their landlords to make a smoother unhappier home for all. Well Monaco's David Stevens caught up with Space Rosie CEO and founder Lucas pilot to find out more. The aim is to provide the digital layer for the billing environment which is also something that is completely natural Charles for our generation to be connected through our mobile phones royal like the obligation quite easily real dime and similar away like you used to listen to music our Netflix to watch movies. I think there is missing element to get connected into your building as well in this way. We provide a scalable platform that you can use in any type of asset from commercial residential go living working king student housing and you can easily launch the basic core models accused like I said on communication aspect booking a services I think it also goes along along with the fact that is the end user the coupon employees in the building who has stolen have different expectations from the environment. And this is something that it's reflected in what the company needs from the environment which means obviously like the nose feed out and nice location of the building the workspace and this this is offering were shifting from the way it was built like responsible of the company now when this partnership also with landlords and landlords are there to also help those companies to attract the talent and for that they need this kind of support to provide the best experience for them and so this almost about recreating the entire episode into a community. Because I mean you have these things for the wider world but as is it about bringing those things into a smaller hasn't community exactly it's super important. We might have a global solution but we sell a local problem right and a space Lewis for this very like local targeted for the building environment. We do have some cases actually for the whole district where for example connect then offices them buildings together where you have to vibrant community around this whole area but mainly it's still it's very locally eh approached and that's a problem in this way and I'm sure there's more tenants than landlords listening. I imagine the landlord. It has to be engaged for the tenant to engage. But how can just anyone who's attendant and wants to be engaged with specially. How can they do that? Would we are now actually working on is to to enable these basic girl models to be launched through our website that means that you as a resident for example in some student housing or abilty Randall and residential complex. You can actually be the one who can initiate this and you can launch a platform for a community right so like you mentioned chain like anyone who thinks this is the right approach for their community for the building can reach to us and directly along at least the basic or mortals in a quite easy easiest way the CEO and Co founder of space. Slow Lukasz Ballack. Speaking to Monaco's David Stevens the key to innovation is to make life easier and the city of Sabato has taken that literally in its latest move towards a smart city. desch complicated or uncomplicated. In English is his latest program. Working to streamline Brazil's usually complicated bureaucracy. It may sound simple both but it's had a huge impact on. PALESTINA is quality of life by cutting down time spent on filing paperwork for example Monaco's contributing editor SHEENA roster takes a look into the technologies. That are on complicating Brazil's infamous bureaucracy in Sao Paulo if there's one thing Brazilians like just say about South Paulo. It's everything works here now. That statement is true Brazilian standards but compared to other global global cosmopolitan hubs Sao Paulo is still buried in a mountain of Brazil's payments bureaucracy and with over twelve million people living in the city proper are getting all those papers filed and stamped. Well it can get complicated to put the bureaucracy into context a little bit. Here's as an example. According to the World Bank a medium sized business in Brazil spends around two thousand hours a year filing taxes that makes Brazil by far the world leader when it comes to paying taxes and that's just one example of one area Brazil's famous bureaucracy but our king super damn forecasts us him. Daniel Annenberg is a Sao Paulo city councillor and the municipal secretary for Innovation and technology -nology for the city is a role that he's held for almost three years and he's been in charge of implementing discomp leaker in Sao Paulo. He tells me the concept concept behind the new program would gain cod peripheral vision out that some ball is some three but if decision ice and that's secretary at Pretoria Annenberg tells me that discount bleaker is based on a state system that was implemented several years ago Hobo temple or save time in English. The idea is to have one space where police San hose can deal with multiple municipal taxes and other paperwork at desk over. Two hundred hundred fifty. Different services are offered traditionally people would have to bounce around from one office to another just to get what they needed done but the far corners of the city is exactly where the city wanted to set up. Just a hubs. We'll just go. Blake is fail. Provia Cassini Coffee Special Education approved measure. The the program started just over a a year ago. In the extreme east part of Sao Paulo in some Ego Paulista three and a half million people live in that part of the city alone. And the idea Eh. Being an zones of the city is that it helps the city run itself better that means less people on the road trying to get to the city centre. Solve paperwork woes. When people can just do it in their own neighborhood other discount leakers have since been opened in the other corners of the city and there are now four? Different hubs set up in the city's extreme west zone in the neighborhood of Bhutan. The discount bleak hubs seems to be like a well well oil bureaucratic machine after getting greeted at the door. Everyone gets a number you take a seat and then people get filed through through as their number appears on overhead screens. Once you're called you can sit side by side with an attendant who's helping you. This is for complete he transparency. So people know what's being done with every flick of a key or click of a mouse. Brazilian bureaucracy is kinda messy. Ah That's Diogo Sauza. He's a director of disc complete operation. Set up here in the Bhutan Fan neighborhood about nine hundred people uses services. This is a Bloomberg Outta every day. Jayco says being where people need services has made a huge difference in people's lives this helps the quality of life life in the sense that we're closer to their houses were closer to the workplace some Polo in that stream of the city. We have Poor population and population which can't make their way to the center of the city. which can't access the service Among the people here looking to sorta paperwork is Thomas Craft a retired heavy machinery technician. This complete a hub is a a fifteen minute drive from his home achieved by officials official office. They might Jane Dot Org or people like him. This complete applica- is miles ahead of public services. Used to be in the city is clean. He says and there are a lot of people serving us here. Before Thomas tells me there wouldn't be that many people helping you and if they didn't like the way you looked sometimes you would never get served or helps. It's really uncomplicated. My life he he says he was so far. Since opening over seven hundred thousand people have been served but aside right from proving public services for Poly Sun disc is more about improving quality of life and creating more quality in a city that's known for its inequality Quality Sal Paulo City Council doesn't want just make this mega city a smart city to ties in Sao Paulo. I'm Sheena Rossiter bound. Well that is all for this edition of the Urban Est.. Today's episode was produced by Carlotta Rabelo. And David Stevens. And David also edited edited. The show and we're GONNA play out of this week's episode with Sin Vincent and digital witness. Thank you for listening city lovers it. Sure they do. Why not take a wonder into the wonderful world of Monaco? With an annual print subscription. You'll receive ten issues of the magazine. A year plus are seasonal specials. The forecast and the escapist subscribes to one year plus and premium packages also receive leave our new annual the monocle drinking and dining directory. And that's not all our plans comes with a free tote bag delivered to your door. We invite all fans ends of the urbanized to subscribe today and receive a special ten percent discount on any of our year long. Subscriptions simply visit Monaco Dot Com forward slash urban. The next. That's never been a better time to sign up. Monaco keeping an eye and on the wall.
Coronavirus Continues to Spook U.S. Markets
"Support for the Wall Street Journal comes from. Adp THE HR PARTNER. Who'S EMPOWERING BUSINESSES? All around the globe. Giving them the tools they need to help them achieve what they're working for. Hr talent time benefits and payroll learn more at design. Dot ADP DOT COM. I'm Jay are willing and the newsroom of the Wall Street Journal in New York more volatility on Wall Street as investors way the economic impacts of the corona virus epidemic US markets rebounded Wednesday morning then fell into choppy trading by midday. This follows two days of steep declines. In which the Dow Jones industrials saw their largest to day point decline on record. We report that. White House officials have privately discussed appointing a corona virus czar to oversee the response to the outbreak though. President trump has no current plans to named someone to the Post. Meanwhile Brazil has reported its first confirmed case of Corona virus. It's the first reported case in Latin. America Brazil's Health Ministry said Wednesday sixty one year old Sao Paulo resident returning to his home country from Italy has tested positive and four days of violence in New Delhi has left more than twenty dead and more than two hundred injured. The clashes of the culmination of growing tensions over prime minister. Narendra Modi's social agenda measures have included fast-tracking Indian citizenship for immigrants from every major religious group coming from neighboring countries except Muslims. More details on these stories and other news of the day at wsj.com and the WSJ APP.
The Perils of State Power
"All of these states that we admire bushley western states. They have gotten where they've gotten five plundering the resources of the world for industrial growth. In a way that seems completely unsustainable so collateral damage of western economic growth on the resources. The co two in the air. Forms of bondage. It's not a pretty picture of successful development and now the good fight with josh. Among the pandemic is where simple narratives go to die. Many of the predictions that people made thirteen fourteen months ago of turned out to be wrong as need a few episodes ago. The idea but the pandemic would prove the efficacy of modern states and the failure of global economic system has turned out to be precisely wrong those also another prediction but i and many other people made earlier garnham pandemic those starting to look as though it was mistake. Menus worried at first that the rise of before attaran populace of last year's would now have trudy deadly impact the politicians who don't trust science who are skeptical of experts who undermine independent institutions that public health authorities who clamp down on fee speech would significantly raise the death toll of the countries for a little while it looked thankfully as that fury had proven wrong. A few countries led by populist like poland and hungary relatively well in managing the pandemic and it wasn't really obvious that the largest countries ruled by populus like brazil. india would doing particularly worse tragically. But it's changed over the last month's round the world today the countries that are suffering was grievously from the pandemic out ruled by populist lead us in brazil higher scenario has consistently downplayed the severity of covid nineteen and opposed public. Health measures fired three health minister over the course of the last year as a result the pandemic is now out of control in the country and the city of sao paulo has started to build vertical cemeteries to accommodate the excess deaths in mexico. I'm lou wing. Populist leader has been no better encouraging people to continue partying in last march and april belittling covid as little flu and refusing to take real public health measures but perhaps the most depressing case is india. A country in which hospitals are now completely overloaded in which oxygen running out in many parts of the world's greatest democracy a country in which narendra modi at i lived up to one of his public persona as a competent modernizer and imposed possibly to extreme lockdown ago but in which he has now given fully to his populist persona religious festivals peach millions of people to proceed holding jain rallies of tens of thousands of supporters in the state of western golan of a place where whereas state elections coming up clamping down on the free speech of those who criticized the government at his request and shamefully twitter has deleted number post by journalists and opposition politicians criticizing his handling of covid nineteen under the athlete unbelievable pretends or fighting misinformation those of us who warned about the rise of populism for many years. I've always worried the discount. Take a very will toll on the lives of ordinary citizens tragically. This is now being confirmed to an extent but few could have imagined before the arrival of covid nineteen off jay. It's my pleasure to introduce conversation with. James scott one of the most eminent social scientists at work world today james jim as he prefers student professor of political science at yale she is an anarchist who views the modern state and its attempt to rationalize the world. That we skeptically but also recognize that the task facing us in the real world is how to improve it how to reform it how to build on it rather than how to move beyond it. We had a conversation with touches. On many of gyms important works to us look features to cheers cousin also foundational against the grain and seeing like a state jim for the last ten years has been devoting his work to me on math and so part of the conversation also is about the courageous movement for democracy that has been trying to beat back the renewal of miniature dictatorship of the last he s jim scott welcome to the podcast blitz beer so you are one of the great critics off the state and of particular kind of top town view in which the state tends to conceptualize a world within so full times for those of us who think stayed can often do many good things things like welfare state one of great achievements of modernity perhaps many of his problems we see in society might be solved in part by government action. Why should we be skeptical of this state. First of all. Let's notice that something like the welfare state has been around for perhaps thirty five years maximum and states that took their populations welfare at all. Seriously i've been around. Only since the bismarckian state of russia. I think that was the beginning of a state that tried to systematically understand the health longevity and so on of its population so the point is that almost all of human history one has been dealing with a quite different states whose objective was to extract wealth grain taxes and men bauer from the population as possible and to help support forms of labor or slavery. And so you think that is in a way the more typical form that the state has taken. Do you think bet still should inform how we think about. Even relatively benevolence states like the danish one now or have we managed to overcome that legacy a decent some parts of the world. So i guess the question for me again although i call myself sort of half assed anarchist. And that's why. The book that i wrote was called to cheers for america's not three chairs. I don't imagine we're going to abolish the state but the thing to remember about the welfare state and the emancipatory things it does is that it has only done that with the stole at. Its temple that is to say. The french revolution eliminated the states and created the idea of equal citizenship. The new deal was essentially an effort to save capitalism from revolutionary pressures from below because of the depression. And so it seems to me that yes. Two states make emancipatory moves. Yes they do but they only do it with a pistol at their temple and we should understand that how such emancipatory moves take place so it seems to me about stephan strands to critique you outlined runners telling us about the nature of estate state was for much of its history. Another is how even sometimes when mistake tries to do good at actually does nf ping butts. So perhaps we can take those pieces as becker route and move into some more contemporary questions. Sure so you write about the origins of modern states against the grain among works. How does the state come to be. What can you learn from the early history of state. first of all make same argument. I made about eight but even longer timeframe that the state if we think of the earliest states as walled towns with kings and tax collectors artisans and a small army. Then we're talking about something that came into existence. Roughly three millennia for christ to write that is to say not more than five millennia. A boat and homo sapiens has been around for two hundred thousand years so the state appeared if you like at five minutes to midnight if you like if we take that as an entire day and so it's too late invention and all of the states that we are familiar with almost without exception. There are a couple of interesting exceptions but they all occurred in flood plain land lowlands where there was if you like because of the flood pulse of river. There was nutritious. Soil provided every year as the flood retreated after killing all the weeds and putting down nutrition. It was the only place in the world or you could have concentrated grain and concentrated population such that. It was possible to make a state and control both the manpower in grain and surplus that estate needs. We know it's going to take many forms of energy to meet the world's needs while creating a cleaner future for all at chevron where lowering the carbon emissions intensity of our operations investing in lower carbon technologies and exploring renewable fuels of the future. We work hard to care for the homes we love but it's only human to protect the one we share learn more at chevron dot com. So it's very interesting to learn about web. The state of ridge initiates. How'd you evaluate that changed festival. I know that Sort of lively debate about whether actually human beings we're better off before they formed these political entities which often came a long with deep hierarchies deep forms of social control end as an argument about economically. Better off before they did that. As well as somebody who's ambivalent about the stage who has to hispanic he but not free. How would you describe the transformation the lives of the residents of us states. If we're talking about the early state then it seems to me steven pinker to the contrary. Notwithstanding that the answer is simple life was better for hunters and gatherers than it was for subjects in the early state. That's absolutely clear it's clear in the physical remains in the bones if you like the bones of people in the early agricultural states show more signs of malnutrition and interruptions in gross because of that malnutrition mostly iron deficiency by the way. And if you find the skeletons of people in living in hunting and gathering and foraging societies their skeletons. They're bigger fewer interruptions in growth. And they show very little sign ever of any malnutrition or vitamin deficiency. So the diet in the early states was not good for your health and his since all of those states. I should add all of the states. They always states are grain states. They require a staple of grain. That can be grown in a concentrated way and the hunters and gatherers. Were talking about one. Has this idea. let's say mess. Jamia where the earliest states arose by arch because it became much later very arid area that could only be farmed because of irritation but at the time in which these states were established. It was a wet labs. The sea level was another three hundred feet higher than it is today and the people who lived in that area had many different ecological zones to move between so they didn't have to work hard. And the thing i want to say about hundreds and gathers is that we should never see them as people who get up in the morning walk out into the forest and hope to find a bird or an animal to throw a spear at almost. All of the hunting takes place is time to the metro. Migrations of game animals. So the way to think about this is to think about. The salmon runs in the pacific northwest. Which was the richest area before agriculture. You could possibly imagine and it was because in two weeks. The people taking their nutrition from the runs of salmon in two weeks they could get the protein that ended it for the whole year. So the fact is that even contemporary under some gathers. Don't spend an eight hour day getting their official. They spend about half their time working on subsistence. So they are not a day from starvation. At all that's fascinating. Sounds like a nice light. Chris by river for two weeks a year. It's happened for rest of day. The endemic actually might as the covering the salmon myself right. I'm exaggerating a little. But they're major sources of proteins in mesopotamia there were gazelle migrations and by building a kind of like a sluice with not stone but brushing so on they could create a channel of funnel that followed the brazil's when they came by into a killing ground and so it was essentially like a river of gazelles rather than a river salmon and so it's not just natural migrations of game animals but also the fruiting of trees with nuts and free with fruits. If you're there at the right time and you are tuned to all of those rhythms. It's not a lot of work. Providing the population is not excessive and providing that you have lots of ecological zones what areas dry air is seasonal. Differences is what difference. Is that the early states or population. Expansion of the lives of each member of early states may have been harsher than of the ancestors that be states were able to sustain real growth of the human population. What happens eventually saying. Look like if you'd be ernie's dates life is clearly less good minus tightening. Is that vent from the early states. But only very limited economic growth for thousands of years so to what extent does the image you describe still apply in medieval europe or in the china of thousand eighty ole in different parts of the world until that. Say seventeen hundred. If you're talking about population growth. We have the same phenomenon we've talked about in other contexts. And that is that in seventeen fifty which is not so very long ago. The world population was only three quarters of a billion. And it's now going on eight billion so the point is that yes the population expanded but it grew very very slowly for the longest possible time and that courage is one of those famous hoppy errs in which it goes up dramatically only after the seventeenth century and so on and the fossil fuel revolution. The question is i suppose it is true. Of course that the use of the flood. Plain to commandeer a productive population growing a surplus to use it as taxes created all the beautiful things we like to see in museums right of the monumental centers of these places in the artisanal products and idols and statues and so on and so that is a product of the extraction of a surplus by a population. And and i think it is absolutely clear that all early states had a population problem with keeping that population in place because it was exploited in conscription it was exploited for its surplus for unfree labor. And so on and so all. The warfare of early early states was what i call capture warfare. It was not about territory except in special places where there was a bottleneck trade routes but it was important to control but aside from that all of the wars were wars capture in which the effort was to maintain a population for the following reasons. First of all people were leaking the way you had flight sometimes if a famine epidemic leaked away in a hemorrhage but it would dribble away as well and as a result of that this population had to be systematically replaced and it was replaced by wars of capture so the athenians right seventy percent of the population of athens or slaves and those slaves are captured by athenian military and when they captured a place they march especially women and children back because they also have reproductive problems that is to say they want to capture women and children especially and the want to capture the women not just because they are labor or for that matter but they are captured for the reproductive services. That they out to solve the population problem. So when you think of these early exploitative states of people having ready to pull nutritional will being the central adamant of capture rather than conquest any fast ford for a long time you have some population but not that much some economic growth but not that much if growth then you wind up having a different set of but arise the early modern period. And i feel like that's a different wealth of yours. That's particularly relevant to that time period which is seeing like a state and you critique of ways in which states tried to rationalize is the tower trie remake the populations at best social. What is wrong with what you modernist visit. Why does that create a different kind of Concerned about a modernist vision depends on how extreme it is. The modern is vision requires for its high modernism for its most extreme examples. The absence of the restraining factors of democratic social organization resistance and good example is russia after the first world war in which it was a defeated although not conquered and a collapsed civil society and government the bolsheviks with a very modernist idea taken from the german sexually during the virtual war about the administrative state. And my argument is you know. Perhaps i start off that book with my example of scientific forestry and the reason why scientific forestry is a good example is because once you take some complicated natural phenomena like a forest and reduce it to so many cubic feet of firewood lumber and manage it for that purpose and if cultivated like the row crops of a greenfield you destroy all the ecological processes in the forest and open that far disease of collapse and so on and so in a sense to take a natural phenomenon and reduce it to a one commodity machine is almost certainly to violate ecological processes that we don't understand and that have been dramatically negative effects over long run. This is an example of how an attempt to rationalize attempt to say hey. We have always forest. But we're not really using in a rational way and he has a way of thinking about how competitive in for us to each other higher compared to what we might be able to get out of them to each other how we've been create mechanisms for making sure that we explosion as best as possible. Wind up being counterproductive ryan fading in all kinds of different ways. I interested in hearing your thoughts on urban example of this. I was thinking a lot about your book. When i was traveling briefly in brazil two years ago when i went to brasilia which is beloved by architects around the world. It looks beautiful models. But when i was there i was really struck by howard just did not work at all as urban environment. Never have a huge central moral model a little bit under one in washington. Dc perhaps but much much larger which was meant to be the space for political engagement. But it's so big but even if the giant protests has lost that have these thousand blocks where the idea was still and people could assemble underneath them in order to have political debates. But of course who uses these weird windswept spaces on the need for houses drug dealers and criminals in saw One example to be other nba city of how utopian vision a progressive vision of what a city might look like has gone wrong in each state. Tell us a little bit about how that fits into kind of problems incident so for me in the course of writing seeing like a state. And that's why. I use the verb to see in the title in a sense is i was struck again and again by the mistaken assumption. That visual order is synonymous with efficiency and working order and my favorite coach is from jane. Jacobs who was interested in more complicated cities and how they worked in her point was that the intestines of a rabbit might look like a mesh but they are perfectly designed for doing what they do. Our other example was the city desk in urban newspaper office. So that in a sense brasilia is and that's the problem with a certain kind of architecture that the visual order is the order that is seen from a helicopter as opposed to experience by people who actually live on the ground. And if all the things that we love those of us saloon cities love about this mixed use of complicated neighborhoods. That are visually interesting. That have all the services. The petty bourgeoisie the bar. The restaurant sort park benches the baked greece. And so on that. Make a city of interesting place to live the interesting thing. Also about 'cause he although he wasn't as customer who who designed brasilia but it was in the local a ideological vision. What was interesting. Is that like bowel house. It was an architecture for an abstract human. Being a human being could be anywhere who needed so many square feet for person who needed so much freshwater who needed so much sunlight to needed so much outdoor space. What's interesting is that. It's the assumption that people were Units rather than bears of culture aesthetics. And so on. And so there is not even the slightest reference to the history of the portuguese square with the market. And the church. So what's interesting is that it was designed for a abstract human being rather than a brazilian let alone someone from sao paulo or rio which is worth saying that. I don't know much about it. But there was a kind of psychological illness that was called brasilia itis. That was the depression that people went into because all there was in brasilia was essentially home and the office. But as you know you became more interesting and everything they became more interesting. Was the unplanned brasilia that people invented in the process of trying to make a possible plausible life in brazil. So i think city side grade prisonment his logic critique of state planning and what works about. What doesn't so. Let me push comparison busy. Easy contrast to be made between brasilia and we city like rome in europe or a city like bangkok in asia cities that have grown up organically over time with some amount of of course but which perhaps in a positive sense resemble the intestines of the rabbit more closely than we do. This sort of hyper planned. Nature of brasilia. What about cities like new york which are on a grid. The i quite deeply plans that he's actually and yet they feel much more organic much more lively like the have is kind of mix of life that you Evoke that something. Go right in the planning bell or is a full of humanity in a place like strong but it has overpowered the planning and humanized it like the most interesting parts of brasilia but to talking about the interesting thing about new york from my perspective is that it's a hybrid city. That is to say south of wall. Street and wall street is where the wall of the original dutch village was located in manhattan below. Wall street is not a grid. The basic kind of it is much more european city for that reason. Yes exactly and actually was extremely desirable as a place to live because it grew more organically without straight lines of the grid whereas above wall street is the city. You would design if you gave a child or ruler and blankley's vapor and said design for me. A city with the sort of numbers of avenues and numbers are streets. So if you're the place and you wanna find somebody on the upper east side. It's pretty easy to find where someone is. You wanna find someone in feser mec ness in an ancient islamic city or bruges which is the other example. I give then you kind of local tracker and so it is true. I think i mean philadelphia or chicago. Good example of grid cities and that's part of the enlightenment idea right of a having a lucid legible easily navigated city at their mid western cities in which they're streets or avenues that are numbered and then the streets that cross are the succession of us presidents from washington. All the way to roosevelt. And i get lost around the civil war when the names right. I don't know who comes after whom it's meant to have that kind of orders. I'm wondering the way a little bit but notice that the way in which we've messed with rivers is the same way so you take a river like the ride and you turn it into canal. So the chips can pass going both ways of particular depth that particular with like a superhighway but for chips or you make it into set of hydroelectric dams. You build levees so that it doesn't occupy floodplain so you take a river that sings if slept alone and you straightjacket. That river or amputated or taxidermy is a word that's often used as well. You have it saying one. Some and the result actually is a river that in the final. Now this doesn't work so you get for example. The nineteen ninety-three flood of the mississippi or nineteen twenty seven flood and these are floods that are caused by all the previous interventions in the river. That are overwhelmed in a big flood and then he postponed a little bit. Because the question at a mask myself says i have learned tremendous From your work. And i take critiques. Very seriously but at the same time went out stuck in modern states and it doesn't seem possible to avoid planning together and i'm struck that actually some of these things work. Well i love new york city. And i love the part above wall street today than retired below. Wall street may something to do with the different activities. That are going on in lower manhattan and having a few blocks about that like the village was something bad. But even when you talk about strait-jacket rivers amputated rivers when you think of something like the suez canal. It is an incredibly important lifeblood of global economy and turns out to be incredibly functional. In fact we had this little drama little while ago with this ship. Getting stuck in pursuance canal. People what my god is going to destroy the global economy inbound never be able to move the ship but actually took them at least seven days. Hadn't been able to flip the ship and once again. This canal provides really crucial service to the global economy. So i guess the question. But i'm trying to push on his house should we think about planning in contemporary societies. Because i'm they persuaded by your work about the ways that can go badly wrong but it was. Don't see a way out of it so it's been lessons about how to plan. What can we learn about how to act. It's a good question so to go back to your experience in brasilia itself if the planning has anything to do with creating a satisfactory life for the people who live within the plan then you should pay attention to what they want right and they should be part of the planning process that is to say if you think of the modern state creating low cost housing for poor people in chicago and new haven great example by the wave of absolutely modernist planet desperately wrong for a long time. They got it right now. But the point is that the public housing that they create it was settle monolithic and so dead and so unrelated to the life world of the people for was plan that they tore to pieces and finally it had to be all torn down on the start from zero and also have to move the view that visual order equals working order so for example in west africa people grew four or five crops on the same land at the same time with certain things shading others and so on and to the british colonialists and agricultural specialist. This looks like really primitive kind of agriculture. And so they tore it all up and had monocropping which is efficient for certain reasons but they ended up degrading the soil and after thirty years of this. Fuck up a feud on monday expression. They decided to do scientific tests of the productivity of the traditional agriculture compared to the agricultural that they had a bose as modern agriculture and found that the traditional agriculture was more productive even in scientific terms since it seems to me that one should never assume that visual water without empirically documenting. It by research equals working order. Now it's kind of interesting. I'm not against things like the suez canal. There was as you know in the eighteenth and early nineteenth century. There was this enormous canal bubble in which everyone in the world was building canals with the idea since the way at which freight was moved around prior to railroads was on rivers. It's the most efficient way that result of that. Was that if you could connect the danube and the rhine the road and the ron if you can connect to watersheds you have sort of much larger market. You could move goods more cheaply and so it seems to me. That canal building is creating connections that did not previously existed by modern engineering. And i'm sure it had unintended consequences of water levels tides. That i don't know about but it seems to me that by and large had no drastic negative consequences. How'd you feel about development around the world at the moment. Which is to say that. When i think about where of the growth has taken place over the last decade to some extent population. Both for that's the case in china. It feels like two very different stories. That were you know anything about baseball may be completely off but in africa. We obviously have huge population growth. A lot of it seems to be in unplanned developments and to some extent slums places like nairobi for example in place likely us that many other cities around the continent that a lot of people would look bad and say well. There's no visual order. A lot of these houses. Don't have running water electricity. This terrible then. On the other hand you have the rise of the new asian megacities particularly china many second foot cities which probably aren't even particularly well known to many listeners of the podcast have millions of people in them and but often hype applaud. Right when you look at them they have you know whatever it is a hundred different settlements in vicinity and each settlement is a huge number of high rise. Buildings looked like they're sort of an arctic somewhere just thinking and dreaming up the whole city. Should we be more concerned about what life may turn out to look like and feel like envy's relatively planned quite affluent. Asian super citizen should be ready to be less concerned but many are about what sort of long term legacy of these unplanned developments places like legos by rubio because my instinct is still to say well even for one of them looked quite lively and funded engaging in all kinds of ways beyond the looks perhaps quite stock little token the amount of immunities bet is available each fremont of africans would they reflect the kinds of opportunities that people perhaps is so vastly different that we shouldn't lament agent mega-cities too much relative to over devante Encounter in an unpleasant development legals nairobi. So again i should start by a disclaimer. The fact that my life has been devoted to peasants and agriculture more than two urban planning and history. So i'm a little out of my depth but a well. I have written about cities after all and it seems to me the one of the best examples. It's a complicated story. Let us take for example. Singapore and singapore is actually a model for china to some considerable degree so that singapore decided this would be at the end of the sixty s under on you. They probably built more new housing than any city of its size anywhere in the world of the time and like barron housman in paris. It had lots of good public health results that as people had cleaner water they had larger apartments living space. They had sewage. Indoor toilets and playgrounds and so on so yes. There were public health and sanitation results. That were completely positive on the other. Hand the design and this was true for housman too. By the way in eight hundred fifty. Paris the design was intended to break up malay- and chinese clan area is an indian errors and to disperse all of these ethnic groups over the public housing landscape. So that they became completely dependent on the people's action party for whether you got into preschool whether you got public welfare whether you've got certain government subsidies and so on so it was a plan that did two things at the same time. It improved public health and it atomised the population so the controlled in granular way and it was success in both respects. So is that better abstract blake. I guess under if you familiar with. Jane jacobs idea of on slumming and her argument was that if you provide jobs and provide insurance and loans that what looks like a slum will gradually become a nonchalant because people will improve their housing. They'll have access to loans Of insurance and so on and it seems to me. That what i would prefer. Let's say if you take mexico. City or lima or any of the west african large cities nairobi. As you say it we interesting actually to compare if you like a new city and how it functions in terms of the human faction that it provides as opposed to a city that tanks existing slum and work stedelijk to upgraded to provide sewage to provide water. And so here's the point. I'm thinking of this with respect to burmese. Universities today and parisian universities after nineteen sixty eight. The effort was to take institutions that were seeing has a threat to public order because they were radical and atomised them and spread them into instead of the you had perished one two three four five scattered all over the suburbs and much of the third world including burma as spread their universities in two outlying areas in which take a bus to the university so a lot of public housing has a undeclared purpose of social control and prevention of organized dissent the idea of unslinging a video interesting. Actually when you think of asian cities of course in many of us cities the most desirable areas now of former who twins which you wear the pool areas i know the whatever exactly slums the closest equivalent. I can think of a lot of them have been torn down but once it still exists if renovated equipped with running water I now extremely desirable precisely because behalf have many of those aspects of compared to be unplanned order rather than visit a super plan toward a sub. It's a hopeful vision to fit. Perhaps some areas of bees rising african megacities may wind up with impossibility you mentioned burma amendment to go after one of the many things i admire about you that as a entirety young man started to learn burmese and started to work on the country. And you have a significant work on the country coming out ready to be soon as i understand. What have you been working on respective country. Perhaps after tell us that i love to hear. Us esmond off the the of but also in some ways inspiring political situation in the country today. Thanks it's a long story. And i won't give you the details but more or less state that made me into a southeast asian. I will insist on the details of that story well okay. I was a scholarship student at williams college and i was doing an economics honors thesis on german wartime mobilization. It turned out the during the second world war. The germans did not have second triple shifts. Even when they had the population early in the war and the question was supposed to solve was why they didn't in any case to make a long story short. I fell in love and didn't do any work in my first semester of my senior year on the thesis and my adviser who is quite brilliant man saw through my efforts to fake. How much work done and told me to get out. And he wasn't going to advise me. And so. If i wanted to graduate with honors in economics i had to find someone who would adopt me and i just mocked systematically on every door the economics department and i found someone who worked on indonesia but he said i'd like to know something about burmese economic development. If you work on burr music omic. I will adopt you and i did so. I did a dissertation on burmese. Economic plans in any case. I would have studied graduate school. I went to burma for a year on a fellowship right after college and i would have worked on burma except that. It closed up and i wouldn't have been able to do work. I would have done china but it couldn't do field work there so finally. I decided to work on mullaly language because malaria spoken indonesia malaysia thailand philippines. So i knew one of these countries i could do research in and that's how i worked in malaysia villages for quite some time and then i decided i wanted to go back to burma when it opened. And that's why i've been working on burma and i don't quite know why it's still fairly militarized countries. So that when i was there and traveling with friends we would occasionally be barred from certain places and people would ask me what i was doing and i always been interested in rivers from canoeing and fishing. And sean and so my excuse. Wherever i was found was that i was studying the irrawaddy river. Because we're ever. I was either close to the wadi or close to a tributary. And so i had an oprah's excuse and it gradually became a kind of passion to sort of understand this river. That's the life blood of burmese culture. And so. I hope to write a biography of the river. Maybe even in the first person as the river speaks and so it will not be straight of pm tes and the river. It'll be a history of the river. If you like told by the river starting in geological time and working up to the present. Because i think my students they tend to think of a rivers just so much h two o that has to be divided up between different climates right and as a source essentially and they don't think about all the life forms whose life world depends on the river like the fish crabs and the waterbirds and so on. So i want to tell a different river story than the usual river story. And as i indicated before we began. I'm deeply involved now in trying to support the burmese democratic protesters who are protesting against the military coup. That took place on february the first so tell us a little bit about the political background. I think one of his change ironies but notice when we're trying to commission a piece about them full persuasion is that because the country has been closed down for so long it is actually very difficult to understand much about the country. it's difficult for example have connections to activists from many different parts of the world. I don't know many families activists you know. I have friends who have lifted many countries around the world. I don't have any friends who've lived in me on mall and so as a strange irony How long the country has been closed down. Makes it more difficult for people outside the country to understand it to get steaks of what's going on there so if you will tell us a little bit about the military regime the ways in which it has been challenged of the last decade and how mental control again a few months ago at this point. Sure you're absolutely right. That i think along with places like boots on and so on. You could argue that. It's certainly the least known. Country in southeast asia and essentially burma withdrew from cold war politics under military rule from nineteen sixty two or even before that even the parliamentary period did not become involved in the cold war on either side overtime the military takeover and has ruled essentially from one thousand nine hundred sixty two until today. So we're talking sixty years of military rule even though it was shared with the elected parliament for the last ten years so the factors that was hard for tourists to go there. I think you could only get a one week. Visa to fees a maximum. It's only in the last. Ten years that the burmese themselves have been exposed in a big way to world currents and an open world of media and newspaper and social media which has been very important. And so what's interesting to me and kinda surprising. Is that a country. That has so little if you like. Democratic practice and what democratic practices has had only been such twenty eleven although there was a big uprising there was an election in nineteen ninety after an uprising in one thousand nine hundred eight but that was more about inflation in any case it surprised me that the reaction to the military was so massive and concentrated in this population between fifteen and thirty five by march who went out into the streets. And who didn't have long lessons in nonviolent resistance although on some cheese aficionado of gandhi and martin luther king so it's not as if they're completely innocent of these but it's been the largest non violent democratic movement. I think we've seen in decades and inspiring in terms of its creativity is well in hundreds of ways. I used to think that the hong kong protesters had essentially created new repertoire for nonviolent protests democracy protests but i think the burmese of outdone them over the past two months and i don't know how this is going to turn out because as you noticed unlike hong kong this is a military that is actually cupid with snipers and so on protesters by shooting them in the head and the chest and essentially murdering them as a form of intimidation. And that is something that they learn to do in repressing. All of the minority groups like the religion for example but also the koran and kitchen. So now the burmese public is experiencing what the ethnic minorities have been experiencing for the last three or four decades. That's a haunting observation but did not know. I'm trying to understand why the reaction to what's going on in the country has been so muted and actually. I don't think most people even most politically tudent. People are aware of the extent of democratic resistance. It is going on at the moment. I think beyond the reason but outlined earlier. Which is that. it's just the country that even out of journalists politicians to know very much about desktops two elements one. Is that on some spooky. The democratic leader is seen as having been complicit in the persecution of ringa of minorities in so there isn't an easy story off a hero and the villain which often exists at least as long as people have been the opposition. It's easy to think that a democratic as heroes some sometimes when it gets into office bay turned out not to be quite so heroic normally at this point of a struggle but is kind of easy. existed at the moment. The reason perhaps is better just seems from the outset. Reggie unlikely but the democratic movement will succeed but it seems like this is a relatively unified military regime that is willing as you pointed out to us tremendous violence enforce against its own population and so the prospects of success seem quite dia. Why do you think we should care. About democracy movement despite on sushi's complicated role and position of for pinga and do you think there's reasons to be more optimistic about its long-term success than many people perhaps assume so to begin with on sunset achieve. It's true that she was complicit in the repression of the ranger and unfortunately that did not cost her. A great you within burma is a great deal of hatred for is our this widely shared in the population and although some of the protesters have gone out of their way to apologize to the venture in the last couple of weeks. The factors that on central cheese international image has been tarnished forever but her image in the country is still as the democracy lady who won the recent elections by a landslide even bigger than before the events and so on so it hasn't cost try anything in burma and some people. I don't believe this but some people believe that she was playing a long game. In order to get the constitution changed and did not want to royal the military and that she actually was against what happened to the ranger. I don't believe that's true. I think we have no evidence that says it's true so the question is your point about the military. The military is unbelievably isolated in its own self contained economy. That is the soldiers live in barracks. They have their own. They have their own food supply. They have their own schools. Have their own out. Spitaels is so. They are insulated. Almost entirely from the civilian population and the new capital. Speaking of brazilian naypyidaw is a couple where the military elite now is not in mandalay or wrangling. But in their own little brasilia that was just built in the last ten years and isolated as well. So that i think the pessimistic predictions that you referred to are probably fairly accurate. I don't see much in the way of evidence Military will crack or fracture. Although some of the police have gone over to the professors what has happened. However is that this is a military that has lost every last shred the legitimacy that it ever had for virtually all burmese and so if it continues to rule it continues through just by brute force as aided institution. It had a certain amount of nationalist backing historically. Now it's just the army and so the question is will eventually crack. I think you're special. Mystic reading is probably the correct one that the army has more bullets than population is bodies. And that it's likely to end badly. And people will have to swing back to their houses and trying to survive or run to thailand and so on and backed were trying to organize a program for endangered scholars. Who are in hiding now. Hope to get the thailand along the lines of what was done for the chileans in the seventies after a yesterday was assassinated. Yeah and will put the link to manage. Different michaud notes. That seems like one important way of these concretely. Helping particular people took the us who endangered in the country is admirable that you standing this up. Let me close this conversation with a broad question which is that. I'm still trying to digest the implications of all of your work for how to think about politics. Day and another bet is very big. Question is one. But of grappled with reading a work which has changed the way. But i see the world which has made me uncomfortable. Many ob assumptions. I used to have which. I find persuasive in many ways but when it comes to the sort of apps showed i sometimes get a little bit stuck precisely because we have complicated modern states. It seems impossible not do any planning at all. We both as you've made very amply evident in with me on my care about that is like democracy so how do you take the anarchist critique of worst aspects of the modern state and channeled into a productive politics way can nevertheless go out in the world and try and fight for some of the values like making sure report in the world have better standards of living making sure that we have democracy and rights and freedoms from those people what to change about the political practice vers who have those values if they take the lessons of your work. Seriously i puzzle over the same things as you puzzle over them smart as if i have some straightforward answer and so in the book to cheers for honor qasem. I make it clear that were unlikely to get rid of the westphalian state. That is the form of rule that we are more or less Blessed with and so the idea of the art this vision of getting rid of the state is hopelessly utopian and our job is to domesticate the state. If you like. And i'm not very optimistic that we'll be able to. And although there states that are more or less admirable in terms of the degree of freedom that they afford their population and the degree of access to sort of popular dissenting complaints. And so on if we gotta have staged let's have social democratic states with functioning democracies and a welfare state. However if you step back from that and widen the lens much more than we have then all of these states that we admire bushley western states they have gotten where they've gotten by plundering the resources of the world for industrial growth in a way that seems completely unsustainable so if you like the collateral damage of western economic growth on resources the co two in the air forms of bondage in the third world in in mom nines and blend patients and so on. It's not a pretty picture of if you like the substructure or infrastructure of successful capitalist development even when it's in a political form that is relatively admirable compared to other forms so when you open the lens that wide. I become a true pessimist. I'm afraid on uplifting note. Tim scott thank you so much for coming on cost my pleasure. Thank you very much on that site. By the way is neutral a mar for people who want to help the myanmar democratic wonderful some mutual aid me. Man will send showed instance. Well thanks so much. You bet my pleasure. Thank you so much for listening to the good fight of listeners. Have been spreading the show. If you to have been enjoying podcast please. Radio show knighthoods tell you all about it shared on facebook and finally christmas gestures public tests or comments about the show. Too good fight pod at g. Mail dot com. That's good pied pod at g mail dot com this reporting carries a creative commons four point. -o international license. Thanks to silent partner for their sawing chess of.
Kasato Maru arrived at Santos - June 18, 1908
"Like to tell you about a new podcast from APM, Paul decomposed hosted by rockstar pianist, Jade Simmons, decomposed breaks, down the secrets scandals in acts of sheer genius that have shaped classical music in the first season, they explore the uptight gender expectations of eighteen hundreds, the role of classical music in Cold War propaganda, and the Dame stir of putting your personal life on the stage. It's a unique mix of powerful human stories and powerful music that will give you a new appreciation for these classical masterpieces. You can find decomposed on apple podcast or wherever you choose to listen. The stay in history. Class is production of I heart radio. Hi I'm eve, and welcome to this day in history class, a show that uncovers a little bit more about history every day today is June eighteenth twenty nineteen. The day was June. Eighteenth nineteen o eight. The ship Cossutta muddle arrived in the port of Santa Cruz south of Sao Paulo Brazil, the ship was carrying the first Japanese emigrants to come to Brazil seven hundred eighty one Japanese passengers, took the trip from the port of Kobe to the port of Santa Cruz, to work at coffee plantations, as the Japanese government had been promoting immigration as a way to solve social and economic issues. There were Japanese individuals who migrated to Brazil before the Cossutta Mabus arrival. But this day is considered the official beginning of Japanese mass immigration to Brazil, from the seventeenth century to the nineteenth century, Japan operated under a seclusion policy enacted by the Tokugawa shogunate that kept it isolated from the rest of the world. This period was called sococo which can be translated as closed country during this period. Japan restricted trade and relations. With other countries. Most foreign nationals were not allowed to enter Japan and Japanese people were not allowed to leave the country without a license with harsh punishments, if they did do so some of the goals of Succo coupe were to cut off western colonial and religious influences to control commerce and to strengthen Tokugawa authority in Japan and East Asia, Japan was not completely shut off from the world during these two hundred plus years. The Dutch Chinese and Koreans had access to Japan and Nagasaki was prominent as one of Japan's international cities at the time, but the isolation policy ended in the eighteen fifties when the country was pressured to sign treaties, restoring diplomatic relations with the United States and other countries wants to pan opened its doors. Japanese people began migrating abroad in eighteen sixty eight more than one hundred Japanese people went to. Hawaii to work on sugarcane plantations. Others went to work on farms, and Guam, but conditions in treatment of the Japanese were poor in foreign countries and the recruitment and transport of the Japanese contract. Laborers was not authorized by the Meiji government. The government banned people from emigrating out of the country for the next two decades, but in eighteen eighty five after Japan and Hawaii entered an agreement Japanese people began leaving in droves to Hawaii Thursday, Island, New Caledonia, Australia Fiji, and other South Pacific locations under labor contracts. The plan was for them to return to Japan with money after a few years, Japanese people also began emigrating to Latin America in North America, the later policies restricted Japanese immigration to the US, and Canada, as anti-japanese sentiment rose in North America and Australia, the Japanese began looking to south. Erica. Impoverished, farmers were facing rapid industrialization in Japan while Brazil needed. More cheap labor on plantations Japan encouraged immigration to South America, as a way to deal with poverty food, shortages and overpopulation on April twenty eighth nineteen. Oh, eight the Cossack Madhu left the port of Kobe carrying hundreds of Japanese immigrants who hoped to earn a lot of money and take it back to their family, and on June eighteenth. The ship reached the Santos port. Most of the people on the ship were farmers from fourteen prefectures including Okinawa Kogoshima, and Cooma Moto, besides the seven hundred eighty one migrants who were set to work, at coffee, plantations, ten of the passengers on board were traveling without contracts. The laborers were sent to work on several different farms, many owners provided the Japanese laborers with housing. Clothing and food, but wages were low and living and working conditions were poor some migrants left the farms to work other jobs, while others started their own plantations Japanese communities formed in the country. From nineteen o eight until the beginning of the Pacific war in nineteen fifty one nearly one hundred eighty nine thousand Japanese people migrated to Brazil, the overwhelming majority of those people are estimated not to have returned to Japan from nineteen fifty three to nineteen Seventy-three, tens of thousands. More Japanese people move to Brazil today. Brazil is home to the largest population of Japanese people outside of Japan. I'm used coat in hopefully, you know little more about history today than you did yesterday. If you have any burning questions or comments to tell us you can find us on Twitter, Instagram, and Facebook at t d I h c podcast, I have a new show called unpopular. It's about people in the past who tells the status quo and were sometimes persecuted for it. You can listen anywhere you listen to this day in history class. Thanks again for listening and we'll see you tomorrow. For more podcasts from iheartradio. Visit the iheartradio app, apple podcasts or wherever you listen to your favorite shows greed, and obsession lie at the heart of the feather thief, a page turning account of a museum, heist, that reads like a classic crime thriller, the feather thief, dramatically recounts, the theft of rare bird, feathers coveted on the black market. The man determined to possess them at any cost and the surprising history of commodity once worth more than gold declared absorbing by NPR and fascinating by the New York Times the feather thief is now in paperback wherever books are sold.
Berta Lutz born - August 2, 1874
"Hey all so I wanNA talk to you about a new romantic comedy that I'm ridiculously excited about and it's produced by one of my favorites mindy killing four weddings and a funeral a a new Hulu original series. This focuses on the lives of four college friends and they're different relationships and career crisis. I am so excited about watching this. I'm all about good tidings. Thanks ridiculous antics. This is going to be amazing. Relationships are formed and broken political scandals exposed London social life lampooned love affairs ignited doubts of course there are four weddings and a funeral Keisha knew ron come series four weddings and a funeral now streaming only on Hulu this day in history class is production of iheartradio radio. Hey guys welcome to this day in history class where we bring you a new tidbit from history every day you today is August second twenty nineteen. It was August second eighteen ninety four VERITA. Maria Julia lutes was born in Sao Paulo Brazil. Luke is remembered as a dedicated feminist and diplomat and accomplished scientists. Berto was born into an upper middle class family her mother. It was amy fowler a British nurse who had cared for people with leprosy and Hawaii Adolfo lutes bertos father was a Swiss Brazilian physician in an epidemiologist who specialized in tropical medicine bears have went to primary school in Brazil but she traveled to Europe to finish her studies. She's she attended the University of Paris or bone studying natural sciences and concentrating on zoology in nineteen eighteen she received. A degree in biology from the sore bone after she graduated she returns to Brazil in Nineteen nineteen. She took a high civil service post <unk> as secretary at the National Museum of Rio de Janeiro but while in Europe she had been paying attention to the suffrage EST and gained interest in the the struggle for women's right to vote in Brazil she began advocating for women's suffrage and equal access to education and public office though those who did not believe that the militant actions of suffragettes and Britain would work in Brazil she did believe that women needed to organize in their fight for rights it published a call to Brazilian women which said in part I am proposing the establishment of a League of Brazilian women. I am not proposing an association recent of suffragettes who would break windows along the street but rather of Brazilians who understand that a woman ought not to live ethically based on her are sects taking advantage of man's animal instincts but rather be useful educate herself and her children and become capable of performing those political political responsibilities which the future cannot fail to allot her LUTH's began serving as director of the Administrative Commission and the League of Brazilian Wigan Women an organization that was established in Nineteen nineteen and had the motto aid elevate women but LUTH's would go on to found her own own organization together with a teacher and author named Maria Serta's you mora she established the league for the intellectual emancipation of women in one thousand nine hundred twenty unlike other organizations and publications that emphasized Christian morality and we're philanthropic. The League was secular. And did not take a charitable approach. It focused on employment and suffrage and promoted women's intellectual freedom the rational and scientific education. It's program was publicized through articles in the press petitions and proclamations in nineteen twenty one the name of the organization I wish tour into the League for the emancipation of women and political legal economic issues took precedent over intellectual freedom in one thousand eighteen twenty two loops traveled to Baltimore Maryland as Brazil's delegate to the Pan American conference of women there she consulted feminists and suffrage leaders on the strategies for the movement and Brazil she was elected vice president of the Pan American Association for South America and when she went back to Brazil it established the Brazilian Federation for the Advancement of women which had representatives from all of the Brazilian states women's professional organizations and social also action and charity groups the organization focused on and was supported by middle and upper class women in urban areas and some impoverished swimmin- as many were illiterate and therefore ineligible to vote for turned off of the organization and loots for this reason but the federation did have programs programs and initiatives that helped lower class women including ones that focused on sort of working hours health issues for rural women and access to secondary education education for girls the Campaign for women's right to vote was contentious even among Latin American feminist who did not all agree on the value of the vote due to their cause or we're more concerned with other social and economic issues either way. Lewis continued to campaign for women's suffrage establish more. Organizations and take more leadership positions she worked on the Drafting Committee for Brazil's new constitution which was adopted in nineteen thirty four. You're and women the right to vote. She got a law degree in nineteen thirty-three she entered into politics but the establishment of the dictatorial the Estado Novo or new state ended women's participation in electoral politics. The women's movement lost momentum and people were split split over the effectiveness of loses leadership. She turned her attention back to herpetology lutes became director of the botanical section of the National Museum a position. She held until she retired in nineteen sixty four. She died in nineteen seventy. Six several species of frogs frogs and lizards are named after Bertolucci. I'm Eve Jeffcoat and hopefully you know a little more about history today than you did yesterday. Get more more notes from history on twitter instagram and facebook at T._d.. I H podcast we'll see you here. In the same place tomorrow era for more podcasts from iheartradio visit the iheartradio APP apple podcasts or wherever you listen to your favorite shows <hes> would much rather story that you tell off my daughter was beaten to death and Katharine Townsend host of the true crime podcast Helen gone and I'm heading back to Arkansas on a new case to find out what happened to Jamie Ward on September ninth nineteen eighty nine when there's no justice done it hurts a lot of people I listened to hell and gone. That's H..
As COVID-19 Deaths Rise In Brazil, So Does Bolsonaro's Popularity
"With more than two hundred and fifty thousand people killed. The united states is by far the country with the most number of course nineteen deaths second to the us. Brazil that is according to data from johns hopkins more than one hundred sixty nine thousand people in brazil have died. This could likely come as a surprise then to hear that the country's leader president jair bolsonaro has seen his popularity rise during this pandemic. npr's phil reeves is in rio de janeiro. This morning i feel high. So i mean we're seeing devastating spike here in the united states. What does it feel like in brazil right now it feels warring for longtime brazil was stuck on this. This high plateau had more than a thousand deaths a day and then they dropped off. Went down by morton off now. We're seeing numbers edging up again. Particularly the country's two biggest cities paolo. Alto here in rio where you can. I think here and aircraft going overhead daily average deaths are up more than one hundred and eighty percent on two weeks ago and occupancy levels in intensive care beds in public hospitals are at now at ninety percent. And there's report this morning that Scientists from a group of top brazilian universities believe this pretty conclusive evidence that a second wave has begun right across the country. Even though government officials aren't acknowledging that and and these scientists reported the blaming a lack of systematic testing and tracing lack of coordinated government policy and the fact that the brazilian public just is following preventative measures. Less and less will given all of that. I mean can you talk about. Why both in our popularity just seems to be rising at this point. Well his message you know is the economy. Must stay open at all cost and that really resonates with a lot of brazilians especially people who live hand to mouth and there are many millions of them. The pandemic's had a devastating impact on employment numbers here. But there's another much more basic thing and that is government has put a lot of money in the pockets of the poor. It's made emergency aid payments to almost seventy million people that's cost the country tens of billions of dollars and these payments on fact agreed by congress but bolsonaro is getting the credit and that's put help pushes his numbers up but his rise in popularity is quite extraordinary when you consider what he's been doing. I mean as you know. He's downplayed this virus. He's undermined social distancing. Not wearing a mask diving into crowds. He hasn't expressed much sympathy for victims of covid nineteen. Everyone has to die sometime. He says and the other day he told brazilians the they must be a nation of sissies although he used a home of a homophobic portuguese term. Sissy wow my goodness does he even recognize the need for vaccine. If that is his overall message yes he does and he and he particularly is supporting the vaccine being developed by astrazeneca oxford university. His government signed up several other vaccines that are under chart trial but even in malaysia. He's been playing politics. He's picked a fight of these vaccines. The governor of brazil's most populous state. Sao paulo is promoting and helping test. The chinese made vaccine called corona vac and is already ship some in the. It's not approved. He's a big rival of bolsonaro scenarios and a potential challenger in the presidential election and a couple of years time. Bolsonaro has railed against this. His health minister tried to buy some cancel the order and when regulators stop trials briefly both bolsonaro called a personal victory so like his idol donald trump. He's a populist who thinks china bashing place to his base and fill rates for this morning in rio phil. Thanks as always.
Brazil: the world's number two for podcast listening
"From Barcelona airport the natives from Pod News Dot net Brazil is the number to country for podcasting in the world according to new statistics released by the Brazilian Billion Association of Broadcasters spotify hosted a podcast a summit in Sao Paulo last weekend announcing that monthly podcast consumption on the platform has been growing growing by twenty one percent in Brazil every month since January last year audible. UK has announced the winners of their audio production grants they announced the grant in in May. There'll be awarded a five thousand pound grants and we'll get free access to audibles state of the art studios in the Barbican in London. The winning team is Adrian courtly and Hannah Price spotify is being revealed as the title sponsor for Pods Up North Conference in Manchester in England. The the event is on November. The twenty third the Asia podcast summit has this Friday at Google Singapore. If you're in Singapore you can get your free tickets today and we mean today to get in. The full judgement runs against tune in has been published. The company lost a court case in the UK last week of note if you do not target the UK you do not need music license for the UK says the judge which is news to us in Radio Conference in Barcelona yesterday runar born Schwartz from Bauer media. Shared some podcast. Statistics from Denmark showing significant can growth. Over the last two years you'll see those in our newsletter and our show notes today once you have the on demand habit you can't go back says something else. MD Steve Ackerman London's drive drive digital conference conference was aimed at UK terrestrial radio. Broadcasters was dominated by news of disruption from podcasting on demand and other sadnesses Addison Net flicks testing away to watch movies at faster speeds. Watch compares that experience with podcasts. More people than ever a creating podcast in the UAE. He says the national estimating that the country is producing four hundred different shows. Country has nine million people who live there and a new magazine. podcast broadcasting magazine is to publish early next year. The magazine looks like a magazine. But it's not going to be printed is digital only and free to subscribe and that's the latest from our newsletter pod News Dot net.
"Have you ever been in a life or death situation? What it's like to be in a position where your life hangs in the balance or to be the person responsible for freeing the innocent held captive on par cast show hostage. These complex heart pounding situations will be explored some with endings that went tragically wrong and others with miraculous reunifications to go behind the scenes of the world's most intense hostage negotiations search for and subscribe to hostage wherever you listen to podcasts. You awaken in a pool of your own sweat. It's sweltering you're used to the muggy heat of the tropical climate. But not like this the air isn't just hot. It's thick and hazy. You throw the covers off rise up in bed. That's when you smell it putrid smoke. Shrill screams jolt you like a splash of ice water by launch you from your bed and spring you into action you make your way through the apartment. Ten burst into the hall. Black smoke. Shucks, you the heat surpasses, the fiery balls up an incinerator the scream surround you now as folks push past the sound is cut by rough hacking cots in your days, you're swept up in the hysterical torrent as you fight toward the exit. But what you don't hear frightens you the most as you shove along with the rest of the frantic crowd. You listen for the wailing sirens. You listen for what feels like forever and hear nothing, but screens. They've left you all. To die. Welcome to haunted places on the podcast network. I'm Greg Poulsen every Thursday. I take issue. The scariest areas most haunted real places on earth this week. Join me on a supernatural journey to Sao Paulo Brazil's infamous Joe alma building. And discover why to this day. It's onto. At park cast were grateful for you, our listeners, you allow us to do what we love let us know how we're doing reach out on Facebook and Instagram at par cast and Twitter at parkas network. And if you joy today's episode the best way to help us is to leave a five star review wherever you're listening. It really does help we also know have merchandise. Head depar- cast dot com slash merch. For more information, listen to more episodes of haunted places as well. As park has its other podcasts on your favorite podcast directory. Joel mobility was built in Sao Paulo Brazil in nineteen seventy one the building was peaceful and well received by its tenants. But none of them suspected it could all go to hell in the winter of nineteen seventy four only three years after it opened two renters the high rise was destroyed in a devastating blaze, which was believed to have originated with a faulty air conditioning system. Hundreds were injured, and at least one hundred eighty lives were lost at the time. It was the world's most catastrophic skyscraper disaster and was considered such until the attack on the World Trade Center on September eleventh two thousand one because the damage was exacerbated by the buildings lack of fire safety measures it expired a worldwide overhaul. And safety precautions for high rise buildings these regulations even reached the United States. Like, many Brazilian cities, south Paolo or Sao Paulo does compost deep era Chininga started out as a mission built upon stolen land. Just a with priests sought to convert in European is the local indigenous populations the territory that became Sao Paulo belong to the native g- Wayne house people's though, some of the native population were forced to convert others held faster, their culture and sister lands this. Of course, did not sit well with the colonizers and often led to tension and conflict, some believe the resistant Guena cursed parts of the land throughout history sites of great grief and anguish are frequently associated with dark supernatural occurrences, and some would say that the series of events that would lead transpire on the plot of land where the Joe. Realme building was built would surpass the realm of morbid coincidence. By the time. Young chemist Paolo Camargo built his home in nineteen forty eight on the exact spot where the Joma building. What stand lists than thirty years later. Sao Paulo was already a bustling metropolis Paolo had saved enough money to erect a home large enough to comfortably house himself, his aging mother and his two younger sisters at twenty six mild-mannered Paolo was an enviable position a well paid and well respected chemistry professor at one of the most prestigious universities in Brazil. If not the world. His mother vanity to Camargo was a traditional woman, God fearing woman, some would assume that policy profession contradicted Benedetta steadfast, faith, it often did but her prided his success outweighed any discrepancies between their viewpoints through science. She believed God allowed Paulo to provide the come Argos with their own slices of heaven on earth. Just might as strong Christian upbringing Powell gave little credence to fire and brimstone. He put on enough appearances to keep his mother happy. But once she was out of your shot. He were as atheism on a sleeve Paolo spent far too, many years studying the inner workings of the world to believe that anything in it could exist without a rational explanation that was the attitude. He took when he learned that the site of his new home was. Curse. From the time. He showed interest in the empty plot. To the day. He brought his mother and sisters across the threshold Paolo notice the hush whispers from the neighbors the stairs and the hail Marys cast in its direction for while. But Camargo is inhabited their new abode in peace Paulos work at the university. Consumed most of his day and night while the women were confined to house all three suffered from frail health. So their world didn't extend far past the property lines. However, Paolo's universe was about to expand beyond his wildest dreams. Short lunch break Paolo, walk to his favourite campus cafe was in almost daily routine down to where he sat and what he ordered. Sitting at his usual table a stunning young woman around his age, he was certain he'd never seen her before for if he had he surely would have remembered every detail of the encounter. Over the top of her sunglasses rise found his with a delicate flick of the wrist. She invited Paulo Joyner. Her name was flory Ana she was studying at the university to become a nurse Paolo soaked up every detail. She offered him like a sponge as a man of science. He rejected the idea fate. But that day one might have found him on the edge of belief afternoons at the cafe were joined by morning, walks around the campus and evenings at the movie theater before he knew it Paolo had a girlfriend his first due to his upbringing Paolo thought it best to keep his love life. Private Floriani was a fairly liberated woman, and he doubted his family would appreciate her. His mother least of all. But he grew tired of sneaking into his own home and making up excuses for his whereabouts after being caught in one of these lies. He finally decided to tell them about floor Yana when he brought her around Paolo's mother and sisters reacted much as he expected, but to hear their judgments allowed about everything from her upbringing to her hair it pricked at him far more than anything else. He could've imagined. He was the man of the house the house that he built to be forced to explain himself under his own roof was an indignity that war on him. He had given them everything yet they denied him this one bit of happiness. It was clear that they would never accept his beloved flurry out. The house started to feel oppressive. Their presence almost choked him soon just sharing space with his family made Paolo want to crawl out of his own skin. It took no more than a cough or the sound of their chewing descend him storming off eventually even the sounded their breathing offended him. It made him sick to feel like a subordinate in the house that he built. As resentment mounted Paolo lost himself in his work. He continued to see Florina though, he never brought her home when Florian asked when she would next be able to visit. He's simply told her that it wouldn't be long. He was working on a project just for her. Paolo was digging. A well, then a deep two daughters were confused by palace behavior as the house came with brand new plumbing, and every other amenity that could need he came inside covered dirt and sweat digging into the late hours of the night. Benedito asked Bligh he was doing. This was tired. Wasn't this pointless? Wouldn't these long hours affect his work stop digging Pablo please stop digging, but for all her, please? He would only glare in silence and walkaway. Months past one day after dinner and a few drinks Paolo asked floor Yana if she wanted to go home with him. She was stunned. She thought Paolo might never get the courage to stand up to his overbearing mother. She eagerly agreed to join him. As she in Palo entered his house. The place was ni- unrecognizable dishes for stacked in the sink dust had collected on the mantle book cleanliness maintained by Powell's mother was absent and the place was eerily quiet. His mother and sisters simply weren't there. She asked where they had gone Paolo told her he had moved them to the country. We're the clean air would be better for their fragile health. In fact, he had mostly moved them for floor Yana. So they could finally live together. If that was what she wanted floor Yana was ecstatic. She had wanted to take their relationship to the next level. And he finally gave her confirmation that he did too. Small part of her wondered how he kept this move secret for so long. How did he manage such a wonderful surprise? Floriani quickly moved in and the couple's first few weeks together, we're bliss, but before long Floriani began to notice the neighbors strange behavior. There hail Marys their stairs their hushed whispers. Then came the police they inquired as to the whereabouts of Benedito Camargo, enter totters, the family physician had expressed concern that the women so suddenly stopped their various treatments would country doctors be able to provide them with the same level of care. Paolo fidgeted his eyes glanced outside at the well. Sheiky voice. He assured the officers that is family was in good hands. One of the officers followed his gaze, then casually asked about the well in the backyard publicize went wide, he nervously explained that he was experimenting with water and organic fertilizer, but his is his dark and twitchy is to tell a different story. Determined to leave. No stone unturned the officers summoned the fire department to open the well. Paolo turned a sickly color at excused himself to the bathroom. Flurry on and the officers heard a gunshot and ran for the bathroom where they found Paolo lying beside his shotgun in a pool of his own blood. Self inflicted wound gaped in his chest. Just then one of the firefighters burst inside to retrieve the officers. He led them to the will or the bloated bodies of Benedetta could daily and Maria Antonia come ARCO Bob upon the surface of the water. While details of the story have been fictionalized and Polycom Argos name is often anglicised as Paul Campbell the morbid details of his triple murder suicide remained more or less the same across sources down to the sudden death of the first responder who discovered the bodies one of the firefighters who helped remove the bodies from the well fell deathly ill soon after contact. Is a fischel cause of death was corpse infection a legitimate term for contagious diseases linked to human decomposition yet for all the official declarations. His death seemed awfully coincidental. Given the nature of the land. There are some who believe he was just another victim of the Lance curse. We'll have more on the Joe Elma building. After this. You know, what's really scary trying to plan a wedding without the help of Zola Zola takes stress out of wedding planning with free wedding websites. Your dream registry. Affordable save the dates and invitations plus easy to use planning tools. The wedding website is a sense to set up. It just takes a few minutes. You can choose from over one hundred beautiful website designs. So you're sure to find something that fits your style. Keep things stress-free by registering for wedding gifts through the store. They have over five hundred top brands from oxo to cuisinart to Sonos and Airbnb and with gifts available at a variety of price points. There's something for every guest to give when you're done registry. Put your Zola registry onto your Zola wedding website that way wedding guests get all the details. They need and combine wedding gift in one convenient place to start your free wedding website. And also get fifty dollars off your registry on Sola Goto. Zola dot com slash haunted again to start your free wedding website. And also get fifty dollars off your registry. Zola go to Z O L A dot com slash haunted. Are you struggling with something and trying to hide it from friends or loved ones are you to embarrass to ask for help? Whether it's depression, anxiety, self esteem or anything else if there's something that interferes with your happiness or prevents you from cheating. Your goals you need to contact better. Help better help has three thousand US licensed, therapists across all fifty states and is available worldwide. You can schedule secure phone video sessions with your therapists or reach them via chat or text. Anything you share with better? Help is confidential and financial aid is available for those who qualify. Best of all, it's a truly affordable option haunted places listeners. Get ten percent off your first month with discount code haunted. So why not get started today? Go to better help dot com slash haunted. Simply fill out a questionnaire to help them assess your needs and get matched with a counselor. You'll love. Love. That's better. Help dot com slash haunted. No back to the story. In nineteen seventy one twenty three years after the Camargo family tragedy. The property was given a brand new life when the twenty five story tall. Joe welna pills was elected there. The skyscraper held a mixture of commercial and residential spaces always busy. It was a perfect symbol of nineteen seventies Sao Paulo modern bustling and metropolitan. On February first nineteen seventy four at around. Eight fifty in the morning building occupants discovered that a fire had broken out on the twelfth floor, and it was quickly spreading. Because safety codes were lenient at the time. The building lacked smoke detectors fire alarms sprinklers and emergency lights, the occupants relied on word of mouth to evacuate. But the fire had spread so rapidly that within twenty minutes, the building's entire facade was a blaze from the upper floors. The only motive escape was the roof more than one hundred fifty people manage to make it to top at the building where they awaited rescue vehicles they survived, but not everyone was so lucky some attempted to scale the building dropping down floor by floor, others flung themselves out of windows, desperate to escape the smoke and heat at least forty people lost their lives from the fall of all the tragic ends on that fateful day history and folklore. The Sates upon thirteen souls who met particularly gruesome demise, while many made their way up to the roof thirteen of the occupants piled into the elevator in an attempt to ride it past the flames to safety, but they soon found themselves trapped the extreme temperatures fought to reach up to seven hundred degrees. Turn the steel box into an oven, roasting them alive. Their bodies were so badly burned that they had all fused together. The corpses were unidentifiable and all of them remained unidentified, so they were buried together at a mass grave at the villa out. Pena cemetery less than a mile and a half away from the place at their demise? These thirteen souls gained something of a cult following with many claiming they can even Krant miracles. This may be in reference to a Catholic Vena prayer, which references thirteen benevolence souls to this day. There grave is almost a holy site with daily visitors who leave gifts and say, prayers, most ab- stained from lighting candles. Beatrice Winton regularly visited the resting place of the thirteen souls. Unlike most visitors she asked for nothing in return for her offerings the Joel tragedy was especially significant to her. She knew many of the victims some twenty years prior be a tree center family inhabited, one of the buildings many apartments for mother had taken Beatrice in siblings into school early that day to make a morning rehearsal for recital. Had that not been the case. Beatrice didn't like to think about that though. It was rarely empty. There was always an era of peace around the gravesite. It's saddened her to think that this would be her last chance to pay her respects to the benevolence souls. Beatrice was on her way to the states. Just start a brand new life. Her husband, Tom once-struggling struggling condemning received a job offer in his native, California that would change their lives but consume most of his time she knew she would need a companion Beatrice had known for years that she couldn't pair children, but her desire to be a mother remained. So for the first time Beatrice called upon the thirteen souls with a request, please. She prayed softly, so quiet that our lips barely moved. Give us a child. That night Butte. Trees slept soundly, tucked under her husband's arm. They're tiny apartment was mostly packed away into neat boxes separated into what they bring with them, and what they would donate or give away. She awoke just once so comfortable that she was tempted to close her eyes again and drift back on to sleep. But the soft tickle in her throat cook stir to get out of bed and into the bathroom for a Cup of water. Not wanting to flick on the lights and wake Tom from his peaceful slumber. She took her chances in the dark. Be at trees managed to make it to the bathroom without so much as a stubbed toe. She grabbed her glass from the counter and let the water run just until it was cold to the touch as she tested the stream with her fingers. Beatrice felt a shiver on across your skin erecting, a layer of goose pimples. The water had never gotten that cold before. Beatrice drank a glass in no more than a few hardy gulps yet the tickle in the back of her throat was still present. In fact, it felt a bit worse. Beatrice helped yourself to another glass, then another in between sips Beatrice cleared her throat as hard as she could. But tickling sensation only swelled. Just like me she taught to fall sick just days before it transcontinental flight. Trees coughed once more this time bringing phlegm up from her chest. She moved to the toilet poised to spit it out when she thought she felt it move. Arbia trees bid up in the toilet. Whatever was caught in her throat made such a loud splash that she could scarcely believe it was a bit of mucus Beatrice squinted in the dark. She could just barely make out the shape floating in the water. But from where she stood it looked a bit less like floating and more like it was swimming. Before she could reach for the light. Switch beach was overtaken by coughing fit. She felt her knees. Doubled over the toilet bowl. Purging? More of the narrow oblong shapes. At least a dozen bleated and darted inside the bowl, Beatrice, Stelter is grow wide with horror. She scrambled to her feet hands desperately searching the walls for the light switch, but the light didn't work be truth remained in total darkness until the water ignited as of someone fill the tank with kerosene the flame burn bright enough to eliminate the entire bathroom and yet no heat. Beatrice felt her body carry her to the toilet bowl as though totally divorced from her will her head tilted over the flames the proximity should have been enough to roaster alive, but she felt nothing but soothing calm then. She finally saw them. Swimming beneath the flames thirteen baby Koi fish. Their scales? Glittering like jewels in the Firelight. Beatrice jumped awake with such force that our husbands sprang up beside her asking what was wrong, she recounted her dream in vivid detail, the fish the flames how real yet Surrey. Oh felt. But she wouldn't call it a bad dream, the spite the strangeness of it all she felt no fear and had no trouble drifting back to sleep. When Tom came home the next evening, he found via trees, pacing their bedroom. His eyes fell to the dresser the little plastic sticks that sat on top Tom lifted. One to the light. He saw the plus sign. They were having a baby. Will return to the charred corpse of the Joe Elma building. After this behind every hostage situation. There's a complex dynamic between hostage captor and Goshi eater. Say the wrong thing or make the wrong move and someone can die. So how do hostage situations transpire, and what strategies do negotiators employees to find a peaceful resolution through extensive research and comprehensive storytelling par? Cast show hostage. Explores the complicated stories behind the world's most intense hostage negotiations. You'll get a behind the scenes look at the negotiations hidden from the public eye and the intricate webs of movement needed to extract captives safely every Thursday hostage. Brings you into the heart of the action and highlights the moments where things went tragically wrong as well as techniques that miraculously saved lives. Search foreign subscribe to hostage. Wherever you listen to podcasts. And now back to the story. For the last few decades. The former Joma building has been known as the positive on derived or flag square. It was rebuilt four years after the fire with safety as the number one priority and has remained on the cutting edge of fire prevention ever since it now sits like a glittering yellow gem. I'm a Sao Paulo Scott line yet for all its beauty the places never quite lived down. It's passed. As with any place with a dark history. Some people would seek to avoid it entirely while others would seek to profit off of it stories. One intrepid young man might even use it as a chance to go viral this golden boy might even bring a film crew, including us mitten producer who was chosen to follow him over her better judgment time and time again, Gabe Winton could talk a fish out of water, but he was especially good at talking nor Davies out of her comfort zone. And now she found herself staring down the side of the positive on Dera an entire continent away from home while the crew unloaded the equipment onto a luggage cart. They're fearless leader stared up at the building grinning with pride what they would do here. He declared would make them in. Immortal. This was model impetus. But a spooky documentary about some Brazilian ghosts. Wasn't exactly a reinvention of the wheel nor a nude. They'd be lucky to even get paid. But this was what it meant to be Gabes friend and producer. He pointed to a spot on the horizon, and she charted the course since that first semester of film school. This was their way and this documentary was far more personal to Gabe than anything they'd ever produced before. But this ghost stuff was almost Norris limit ever since she was a little girl nor a new that she was somewhat attuned. Sometimes she dreamed of things before they happened or a long dead relatives. She'd never met might come to her with a message. She would assume they were just an eccentric stranger until she described them and the adults in the room when dead silent if something strange were to happen on this trip, though, Nora would be less surprised. She did enough research on the building and the one that's before it to know that it had a reputation. She'd read all about the fire the murders the curse but ghosts. Nor didn't know if they were more likely to encounter some awful tragedy or meet the late victims of the previous ones the dream. She'd have a death charge faces and burnt bodies kept her awake yet. They weren't enough to keep Gabe away. As the crew loaded into the elevator Nora felted chill coast over her skin, even though their shared apartment was on the sixteenth floor. She almost wished they could have taken the stairs. Gabe, leaned into her with a playful nudge. You think this is where it happened the thirteen Nora explained that the place had been rebuilt from the ground up with a totally new blueprint. It was highly unlikely the shafts would be in the same place, but our voice hardly carried enough certainty to convince either of them. Despite her on ease nor couldn't help. But feel impressed. The building was somewhat of a marvel after the fire the city of Sao Paulo quickly learned from their mistakes. They outfitted the positive on Dera with a state of the art emergency system and kept it up to date ever since she read that they even included tactile guides for blind occupants in case disaster should strike this pot again. While the rest of the crew gathered in the living area Nora posted up in one of the bedrooms, plugging away at her laptop a last minute change. It schedule had reminding the call sheet instead of enjoying fresh hot Brazilian barbecue with the others. But all that was left to do was hit print and she could finally enter day with a good meal. She closed her laptop stretched out her stiff limbs and back when suddenly nor is is shifted to the smoke detector just above the closet door. There was no smoke that. She could see your smell. Nora stood on a nearby chair which gave her just enough of a boost to reach the alarm and hit the reset button Nora. She whipped around with such force her balance almost left her Gabes head peaked in from the doorway. He'd come to tell her that is mom's folklorist trend from the university just called him. Something suddenly came up, and they would need to push their morning interviews to the early afternoon. She would need to change the call sheet again as she climbed down from the chair, Laura cast a dejected glance at the call sheets resting in the printer trae she wilder self back to work. Nora often spent the night before a shoot tossing and turning, but I'm this night. She was particularly restless perhaps it was the growling and her stomach from experience. She knew better than to try to sleep through it. Nora rolled out of bed. Careful not to wake Gabe who slipped soundly on the floor. She tip toed through the dark into the kitchen. She raided the fridge for the last of the barbecue, which didn't take long to find. It had a strong smell, which she figured must have been much more appetizing when the meat was warm. As Nora opened up the leftovers. The charts smell grew almost overwhelming. Her crewmates weren't always the most considerate. But leaving her only the burnt scraps. That would Mark a new low. But if she was going to get any sleep she would have to put something at her stomach. She plucked up one of the sausages and took a nibble. It didn't taste like any sausage. He'd ever had before pork beef, chicken or tofu. But it was edible. At least until she took another bite nor a bit down on something hard. A bone perhaps. But that didn't make any sense she picked up the meet held it out in front of her squinting. Eyes clutched between your fingers was a finger chart, but distinguishable upon a closer look even in the dark. The lights flicked on one by one. The crew found Nora trembling over the sink gagging until there was nothing left to purge frantic. She tried to explain what occurred, but by the time she got to the part about the finger. She'd lost them the sun guys stooped to the kitchen floor and picked up the finger in question under the kitchen florescent s-. It was just a sausage with perhaps a bit more gristle than most as she saw the cruise snaring back at her north face grew hot all she could do apologize and stop back to the bedroom gave the followed behind to offer comfort and express that you wish they'd been rolling camera. Before long everyone went back to sleep everyone. But Nora she laid on a side facing the wall. Her eyes were shut tight. But I'll our other senses were hyper aware in spite of herself, nor wished Gabe would climb into bed beside her it happened before when they were miles removed from what ever girl he was seeing at the time. These far away shoots were limited spaces where anything could happen. As if she will do it. So she felt Gabe slide under the covers and hook a strong arm around her middle Norris said nothing but melted into him. With a contented side his breath, drew close to her ear her head tilted ever. So slightly to receive his words, but it wasn't Gabes voice. It was one. She didn't recognize raspy pain Nora jumped out of bed. But when she spun around to see who had climbed into bed with her. She founded empty and Gabe still asleep on the floor. As Nora shoved her things into her bag gape awoke despite his pleas for her to stay. She refused to explain she insisted that she would be on the next flight to the states, and it would be smart of him and the others to join her on her way out the door. Gabe, took Nora by the elbow and begged her to reconsider for the first and last time, she told him, no. On the flight back nor a battle be- images anxiously flashing her head she staved them off long enough to finally sleep thirty five thousand feet in the air. She felt safer that she had in the past twenty four hours the thing. She couldn't beat at least not completely. What's her concern for Gabe, the crew as soon as she landed nor called each crewmember, but none answered this made her uneasy, but even the best of circumstances. Nora new they might not answer about after. She bailed. Once at her apartment. She tried them. All again, still no answer. And so it went for the rest of the day before Nora reluctantly gave she was still battling jetlag when she finally received the call. It was gapes father Tom Winton as soon as he identified himself, nor a new something had gone wrong. According to Tom there had been a carbon monoxide leak in the upper levels of the positive on Darah as it turned out for all their fire safety precautions there other safety codes were found wanting Gabe in the crew had stayed behind and suffered the consequences. While nobody is actually died from carbon monoxide poisoning in the positive Darah. People still believe the building is roamed by restless spirits to this day. There are reports of Spector's wandering the upper floors of positive Darah, whether the land houses, a native curse, a murderous chemist. The Joel mobility or the positive on Dera, no one can deny the dark past that has kept souls trapped there for generations reported paranormal activity ranges from malicious ghosts too sad. Souls to benevolent spirits, if you ever go to visit be careful not to join the growing list. Thanks again for tuning into haunted places. We will be back next Thursday with the new episode you can find more episodes of haunted places as well. As all apar-. Cast other podcasts on apple podcasts. Spotify Stitcher, Google play or your favorite podcast directory. Several of you have asked how to help us if you enjoy this show the best way to help is to leave a five star review. And don't forget to follow us on Facebook and Instagram at park cast and Twitter at park at work. I'll see next week haunted. Places was created by max Cutler, it is a production of Cutler media and as part of the park cast network. It is produced by max and Ron Cutler sound design by Kenny Hobbs with production assistance by Ron Shapiro. Paul Moller Maggie admire Carly Madden. And Freddie, Beckley hall. Places as written by Chris Courtney Martin, I'm Greg Poulsen. Don't forget to listen to hostage. New episodes are released every Thursday search for and subscribe to hostage wherever you listen to podcasts and please rate in review.
What Went Wrong in Brazil
"It from the New York Times I'm Michael Barr this daily. A. Today. Brazil has a long and distinguished history of navigating public health crises. Until now. Or, Nesto, Donyo. On what went wrong with the corona virus. It's Thursday July second. Resto as we're talking, Brazil is second only to the US in cases of covid nineteen. Where do we need to start to understand how we got here? Michael while we're seeing kind of the first concerns about krona virus rippling beyond China. Was the farthest thing from Brazilian spines. The peak of summer in the Southern Hemisphere and especially in February. People are in party mode. All across Brazil. In the big cities, people are celebrating Carnival which turns into this week's long celebration. The. Throng the Earth Block parties on the street where everybody's dancing in. A lot of people kissing stranger as Everybody is sort of a sweaty mess. There's a lot of heavy drinking. and. Just about the time when people are starting to sort of north their post carnival hangover in February. The first case is diagnosed in Sao Paulo Brazil's largest city, and the first case involves a man who had traveled home from Italy, and I don't think there were panic alarms that went off initially, but that quickly changed in early March and changed as a result of an extraordinary trip. The president. John also Naito traveled with a large entourage to Florida where he dined in mar-a-lago with President trump. S. Ray Job. Brazil loves him. and S come back from that trip. A number of people who have been part of the delegation start testing positive. The latest sign of the spread of the virus is it is reaching and threatening the most powerful offices in the world, their new virus concerns stemming from the meeting president trump had with a delegation from Brazil in Florida this video shows Mr Trump last weekend mar-a-lago next to a man who has since tested positive for the virus. He is the press secretary for Brazil's president. We now know that a dozen Brazilians who were there have tested positive for the virus. So Brazil really become consumed because their leadership, the people running the country, all of a sudden started falling sick, but even as you note, the virus is clearly within the hall of power. The president is not expressing any alarm quite the contrary. Chef you started. My obligation is head of state. is to anticipate problems to bring the truth to the Brazilian people. This troupe should not incite. Duke, Buddy presentable scenario starts calling this virus. Something that the media was obsessed with in order to bring down his popularity numbers goodbye to those meals. You can win. It got so. He called it a fantasy. He said this as a measly cold. He said even if I were to get this virus because I, have an athlete's background I would shake it off within days. Louisville Gaza parts up. Started Jeff. Let this is nothing to worry about in. This is not something that justifies shutting the country down for. And, on the other hand you had mayors and governors, saying actually we had to listen to the scientists. We have to shut down businesses. We have to keep people home. We have to act now if we want to save lives, but it was really hard to enforce when you had the president trying to persuade Brazilians that this was all a mistake, and that they shouldn't be listening to these local leaders, so what? This was really polarize. Polarize to Brazilian society, you had people who are very loyal to the president, essentially taking his side, and and sort of feeling empowered not to be quarantined, not to have to stay at home, not to have to give up their jobs, but on the other hand you had a lot of people who despise the president, and who became very worried so by late March you know something really striking started happening across the country in big cities. People started protesting by banging pots from their windows. It was the only way that people who were actually taking this virus seriously, and we'll worried about. It could make their voices view so every night like clockwork at about eight thirty PM. I would hear from my window people banging pots and screaming out with scenario outward Balsam Adam. and. It was a really striking sound. It almost sounded rimal. It was these voices piercing through the nights in voices that kind of conveyed a degree, despair and anguish. So, that's when we start seeing that much of the country. WAS NOT FEELING SAFE in Boston on his hands at a moment of growth. And did this approach from the president from Boston. Did it surprise you well? I think we've learned not to be terribly surprised by anything that. Does is you might remember. He's a far right. I leader who has been very divisive ever since he was elected in two thousand eighteen. But it was very surprising that Brazil would be caught flat-footed in a healthcare crisis of this magnitude, and the reason for that is that the country has in the past risen to the challenge of a very serious challenges and deployed. It's pretty robust and very sophisticated public healthcare service to go after really complicated problems with with very innovative solutions I'll give you a couple of examples. You know back in the ninety s when? When the first issue medicines were on the market, and we're allowing people to live healthy and productive lives. These drugs were very expensive for people in poor countries in Brazil took a pretty maverick approach to this Brazil, essentially challenge to the drug companies and said. We think that this is a matter of human rights and people should have access to lifesaving medicine. You know without having to fill your pockets for years on end. That argument will so powerful. It led to drug manufacturers to make concessions, and that led to these drugs, becoming cheaper and more widely available in Brazil scored a pretty significant victory on the world stage by taking what was a pretty bold stands at the time more recently Brazil had to contend with the Zeka crisis. which led to babies being born with deformities that were very very difficult to manage, and once again it everything had had in the way of scientific expertise and one of the most interesting solutions that Brazil came up with was Genetically Modified Mosquitos, and the plan was that by creating a genetically altered breed mosquitoes they would be preventing the dangerous types of mosquitoes from reproducing and in doing so sorta gradually stamp out Sika from areas where people were catching so. So you know in recent decades, Brazil has been regarded as a really top tier player, or when it came to standing up to really complicated healthcare challenges and to rising to the challenge, even for a country that has enormous problems, you know lots of people live in poverty. Lots of people don't have access to clean water, but when it came to saving lives to Brazil, has a proven track record of acting in a bold and decisive way, but. This year we've seen something very different. Back. Sal Khan's but more than a decade building Khan, Academy, the free remote learning platform now all of a sudden. It seems custom-made for today. We realize it's one of those moments where you look left. Look right and you're like I think this is a US I'm. Alicia Burke host of the podcast that made all the difference I'll be talking to some incredible people like sal about how they're managing the crisis while helping others through it find that made all the difference anywhere. You get your podcast created by Bank of America. My Name is Sarah Mosleh near I'm a reporter for the New York Times I think there's a misconception that the truth is just out there. Floating in the ether waiting to be plucked, true facts are hard to uncover and hard to get. It takes investment, and that's what we do here at the New York Times I was sitting in the newsroom. Got It second diagnosed case of Corona. Virus actually sprinted to my car and drove up to the city of New Rochelle, which just gone on lockdown I spent day in and day out there covering the virus, trying to make sense of it, interviewing people who were ill before we understood much about this illness, so when I came down with the virus I knew exactly where it gotten it, and it was out. Reporting would do it again. Yes, it's worth it to get answers for readers because I think at this moment, we need them more than ever, and we need you. You can support us by subscribing to the New York. Times go to NY Times. DOT, com slash subscribe, thank you. Sir, Nice, what explains why Brazil's leader would take this essentially nihilist approach to the pandemic, especially in light of Brazil's very long history of so aggressively confronting public health crises. Paulson was elected as a typical populist who took the reins of a country that had been reeling from a really brutal economic recession, and was only starting to SORTA. sputter back to life on his watch so I think for him and his followers, the idea of economic unraveling on his watch, considering how polarizing a figure he is was just ruinous. You know I think. He felt that if businesses. Businesses shut down and jobs disappeared in various significant numbers. His base of support would crumble, and I think another element that might inform Bona. NATO's behavior is he's somebody was looked up to president trump for cues on how he should respond to things, interesting and president trump was also taking the approach that this virus was not that big a deal that this was going to disappear by itself so. There's a striking similarity in how these two embattled leaders are selling this crisis to their basis into the broader audience to listen to them right, and in both cases, and it sounds like especially for Bolsonaro. A strong economy is the basis for his staying in office for being a leader and a stronger economy, and a very strong reaction to this pandemic are almost by definition incompatible, so in his mind, the greatest threat to his power is. An economy that starts to sputter and stop not a virus that may in fact and start to kill the people of Brazil. That's right, you know, but there's another element at play here. President has been consumed by political scandals pretty much from the beginning of his administration, and in recent months he began to face some legislative in criminal investigations that have called into question his ability to serve out his term. One of these involves an investigation into a money laundering scheme. That one of his sons is a target for. And the president is also now being investigated by the Supreme Court over his efforts to switch a police chief in what his former justice minister thought wasn't abusive power and then effort to shield his family members and allies from corruption investigations, so as the virus really starts taking the whole of the country. You're leftover president, who's also in a really politically precarious situation, and with clinging onto his hopes for a strong economy and economy that won't go off the rails because he sees that as the key to his political survival. So given all that Ernest. How how does Boston Arrows? Plowed inside Brazil's public health system. What does it look like well? You had this extraordinary split-screen reality on the one hand. You had the health minister going on television every night during press conferences now the gain fluency mice Esta his foster look. Cuomo Chiasso said Dodge Brasilia. Divisive Comport Personal? Mazen's Brussels's preaching. The merits of social distancing saying quarantines are the only tried and tested tool. We can throw this virus right now. People who can stay at home should stay home business shutdown. Make perfect sense as h think both up, would Falko. Clean Seeing You essentially had a health minister who was adhering to the conventional wisdom, and in the scientific consensus on what countries should be doing because each society suits on the other hand. You had the president leaving the palace and joining pro government demonstrations. You had him shaking hands. He certainly wasn't wearing a mask at that point. And the only thing he's really expressing interest in as sort of a cure for the virus is of the Anti. Malaria drug hydrochloric win which he goes as far as ordering the armed forces to mass produce, even though there's really no scientific consensus at this is a good idea, and there are some signals said it could actually be dangerous for coronavirus patients, so it became this unsustainable rift. You know where people were asking the health minister. How on Earth should we expect resilience to listen to what you're asking them to do when they're seeing their president, take the exact opposite approach and. It reaches a breaking point in mid April. The Health Minister in the midst of a rising epidemic, that is starting to spiral out of control gets fired. You got. Thought is. On his way out, he delivered a pretty blistering indictment of the president's handling of this, and he essentially said I stayed in as long as I could to try to keep Brazil on a responsible path to try to work within the margins of my authorities I can no longer serve under this president, because we are too far apart when it comes to our vision and our values on this somebody's illegitimate nobody got somebody got to keep the minister which. So with the first health minister, getting tossed out. The president points a new minister who's a physician who had very little name recognition and you know had never run a large bureaucracy. often looks like he has deer in Headlights Look Brazilian start making fun of him in memes online. It just never felt like he was getting any traction. Division and just short of completing a month on the job so much you convince the press conference and says I view the school is yogish decide. Municipal Go! This video. Of this as far as I can go. Quiz assumed. Joins data. Komo's do the twenties doesn't really give a clear explanation for why he's leaving, but it's pretty clear that he to. Just couldn't live with being. The face of this response was being led by the president. Passages. So, this is definitively not going while you're turning through to health ministers in the middle of a deadly pandemic. Yeah, in the numbers are spiraling. Brazil now has the most cases of corona virus in South America with more than fifty eight hundred confirmed covid, nineteen cases and growing a new study out over the last couple of days. Showing Brazil might have eight times more cases than have so far been recorded. Brazil has officially reported about forty five hundred deaths. The true number are believed to be much higher due to the lack of testing topping ninety thousand confirmed cases, and with more than six thousand deaths, one hundred thousands with more than seven thousand deaths Brazil now has more confirmed Koroma virus deaths than China. You know at this point well as the number of coronavirus cases goes up in. Brazil does the threat to communities in the Amazon region do start seeing real strain. In some states already the biggest city Murnau's has seen its health system collapsed up in the Amazon for example, great digger started digging mass graves, because people were dying so quickly that officials were completely overwhelmed at hospitals and funeral homes in Rio de Janeiro. Hundreds of men, women and children stood on a line to get food and water. So how systems across the country is struggling across the country in some cities, panic really starts setting in. Experts don't expect Brazil to reach the peak for a few weeks yet. In at the national level, you know the Health Ministry is without a minister, and instead of appointing another expert in the field, the president leave some ministry in the hands of an active duty army general, who was an expert in logistics, but had no real track record when it came to medicine in one of the first things, the ministry does when it is essentially run. Run by this army general is endorse this anti-malaria pill hydroxy cleric win and say that healthcare professionals in the country should give it to all coronavirus patients who wanted at any stage of contagion, so on his third try, he finally found a health minister willing to take that position absolutely, and he had a general on the job in general had to take orders from president. and has both in our backtracked at all. As. These infection numbers have surged as the death toll has risen or has he stayed with this same approach as he started with? There've been times when he has acknowledged that. This is a very significant problem in this is a crisis, but he has been very consistent in saying that it is crucial to save the economy and to put economic recovery ahead of fighting the virus at one point when there had been sort of a milestone in the death toll, somebody asked him outside the palace what he thought and he said so, what what do you want me to do? My name might be Messiah, which was a reference to his middle name. But I'm not here to perform miracles. Earlier this month Bono said I regret the loss of life, but at the end of the day. This is everybody's destiny. Everybody eventually dies is what he's saying. Yes. So. He hasn't really backtracked and I think in the long run. What some political experts thing is! He is betting on the possibility that when the real economic pain is felt, you know six months a year down the road when it becomes clear, just how big of a beating Brazilians took that Brazilians take out to their wrath on the governors and the mayors who imposed these quarantines in that the president may be able to sort of carve out a role for himself as the person who consistently wanted to save jobs wanted to keep the economy on track, and I think it's too early to tell whether as a political strategy that may pay dividends down the road. I'm curious if you think the given Brazil's history of beating back public health crises. That under different leadership, not a president like Boston are who is skeptical of the science, and who explicitly puts. Economics over public health. That Brazil would be in a very different place right now I think it bears watching what other countries in the region that have done, and there's cases where governments had very decisive in well-thought-out responses that are wrestling with very high. So you know, there's something kind of mystifying about where this virus strikes with with wrath, even in the face of of a decisive sophisticated response I think one common theme. We're seeing that certainly a place to Brazil is countries with very stark inequality. Have had a harder time raining. The virus in you have to think about kind of the way Brazilian cities are. Are are laid out. You have many Brazilians. Living in impoverished teaming communities where people are sort of stacked up together where they live numerous families to a small dwelling, and this virus has underscored the privilege Brazilians have in you know adhering to conventional social distancing norms and the extent to which for many Brazilians, for millions of them, it's just not a possibility. That no question that Brazil had the expertise had a track record of responding to healthcare challenges, and a really decisive way, and it never really mounted a response that it was coherent or sophisticated. It's been mired in this political fight that has prevented from having a plan that makes sense to people. Planet can explain to its population. At the end of the day without a clear national policy without a political consensus, and without effective enforcement mechanisms for some of these quarantines and lockdowns. There was no raining in the virus is. Pretty much everybody I spoke to who has spent years working in healthcare policy in Brazil, said. We were equipped and ready and trained to rise to the challenge. There was so much we could have done in the precious early days of the epidemic to strike back to prepare into save lives. Ernest, thank you very much. We appreciate it my pleasure, Michael. As Wednesday, the number of infections in Brazil has risen to one point, four million, and the number of deaths has surpassed sixty thousand, confirming Brazil's outbreak as the second worst in the world after the United States. We'll be right, back. At into it, we know that millions are struggling financially including many who are unemployed or self employed, so we're offering financial guidance to help you understand your options guidance to help navigate unemployment benefits, information on the cares act and benefits for those who are self employed and resources to help you understand what benefits you may qualify for, and for how long because we want to help you move your finances forward. Get financial guidance that into it, dot com slash financial tips. Here's what else you need. I want to make very clear. We cannot go ahead at this point in time with indoor dining in New York City. Even a week ago. Honestly I was hopeful. We could, but the news we have gotten around. The country gets worse and worse. All the time as infections continued to break records New York City till laid a plan to resume indoor dining. Miami beach reinstated a curfew to keep residents from congregating at night. And California shutdown bars and endure dining in nineteen counties. During a news conference on Wednesday California's Governor Gavin. newsom said that he knew the decision would be disappointing and I deeply respect people's liberty, their desire to go back to the way things once were, but I cannot impress upon you more. Our actions have an impact on other people. As of Wednesday night, the US death toll from the virus neared one hundred and twenty eight thousand. and. A New National Security Law imposed on Hong Kong, by China, was put to the test on Wednesday, as thousands of protesters took to the streets. They're demanding greater freedom and independence from China. The law, which went into effect on Tuesday forbids a wide variety of activities, including chanting slogans and carrying banners that China considers seditious. At times citing the new law, police arrested about three hundred and seventy people including a fifteen year old girl, waving a flag calling for Hong Kong's independence. The daily is made by feel. Welcome Andy Mills. Lisa Tobin Rachel. Lindsay Garrison any Brown Clare Tennis Kettering Page Cowan Michael, Simon, Johnson Brad Fischer Louis. Anderson, Wendy Door Chris Would Jessica Chung. Stella, town Alexandra. Leong Jonathan Wolf Lisa Chow Eric. Kripke mark. George Luke Vanderploeg a Diese Egan Kelly. Prime Julia Longoria Sindhu. Yana summoned. MJ Davis Lynn. Austin Mitchell Sayer Cavuto Nina potluck Dan Powell Dave Shaw Sydney Harper Daniel Gi Med Hans Buteau Robert, Jemison Mike bete-noire Bianca gave. US The truth of eighty and Rachelle Bond Joe. Our theme music is by Jim, Bromberg and Ben Lands for of Wunderle. Special thanks to SAM MC Michaela Bouchard Lauren. Jackson Julius Simon my he much Bonnie nor Keller and Liz Mover Coney. That's it for the daily. I'm Michael Borrow see you on Monday after the holiday. Do you avoid tough problems and shy away from a debate. Do you think uncertainty limits potential, neither do we of the University of Chicago Booth School of Business? We believe in asking questions and questioning answers with campuses in Chicago London and Hong Kong the booth NBA's for people who see challenges as opportunities and want the skills to make positive change in any market anywhere in the world. Ready to find your community search Chicago booth. Dot Edu today to learn more.
Latinos en la Pandemia- El Poder de las Minoras
"I get out that I can represent the interests i k participants I cancel know they'll present Patron, may not represent they represent them in. the middle initial elecciones Latino N Z episode full episode full episode and consequences name is Alice Cooper song that goes in million scenarios and condos Palm Airport Quality television Someone under political racial mean a lot of them off like Western North America as soon as I see mm as in the context of the body's normal, Latina. Representation wage wage. Receive more systematic em with it in tow, who is your individual off WeMo is so important. Oh, but this is the owner took the only guy concept one in ten thousand is how long what? Louis l o. Indiana, so yep. No one quite a quick Jim Kroll on the same page. In fact that is it a minute minute and social house. We're off a Monica mean in the middle fundamental faith. In control of military of noise the characters dead dominant a normal life a lot easier. Where am I talking to me? Okay. Trump singing in Pacifica, whether it's in North Carolina, whether it's in Michigan, whether it's in other states where there's something out there going to be sending out they're going to be sending out eighty million ballots that and it's Democrats. They're going to they're trying to rig this election off and nobody's ever heard of anything like this. So they're going to be sending out fifty 1 million ballots two people. They have no idea why it's coming who it's going to we're going to have them saying we're going to have Sheriff's and we're going to have law enforcement and we're going to have hopefully you are sir tourneys and we're going to have everybody an attorney general's is included. So, so Premium Plus Package, Doesn't exist in my area for Mahindra Mandarin Linda melson director vote and electoral college and Law and Order dead. Hello. La locanda in Puerto Rico song you could walk I get a present want to impress like a participant I guess know the President Trump took off from you more than me. Oh la Sao Paulo put cast stainless entity know anything but I you know in the same house. And this is one of the initial Silva the monogamous prolific asses off the front page. Are you guys torica? The mirrors are all the Latino package whole team or I mean I can deal with the maple Americana Puerto Rican wage kind of feeling sick. The song I'm a Christian told me Latina Sin Cara Sin embargo, like combination ethnic humor. Quattro Leoni right back off in Berlin real base model off the middle of Indian meal and September are you may press punto? Cinco por ciento de lectura Del Sol Elementary phone number So, you know. Funeral Home in our water per month we're going to wrestle off. Hey, we lease a censorship political office and paper or no es la Mas importante per month rate Ram organizer. No social security can be a fundamental change. I pay off amount. No need for my area. Busy, one of the answer cable can record them in the World Cup in the office. Hail damage. M o n t. Bolton for me, but for me more than for me and took in our home in the millions of assumed Nelson Mandela's Nikita. How may or may not be home, and on the same recipe off? Laura, and Thursday both of thousand people per month the name of Tampa help iced mocha I think that's probably the cinema has a co-signer be wrong, but that in control over that. And your organism back home owner dos tres cuatro. Yes, Amanda off or get a lot more actually can fax order. Give me a second. Wanted to political intent coronavirus wall can have a ton of money. Within like one of media, you know. Okay. You see em off both of the Trump Bordeaux, group home. You mean the Socialist and communist ideas and totally Storia bloodline mother local police and Posada Del Sol De Rossi's birth. Think I'm in L. I'm in documentary and movie tender. the only concern a secret life of American teenager reasons about him playing single n-double-acp International When someone comes down to Victoria electoral Sino Ang Martin Luther King novel electronic Malcolm X Northway elected another thing in Marvel. I'm from New important thoughts, but I'll answer the phone went dead. Possibly. But I miss her. Yes, I'm only meant of way, you know including. I said give me a I just extend an American namakkal political cultural Prince and collected eliminarlo Princeton, corporate office. I mean, you know, so Trenton's momento proficio. They can actually hear blacklivesmatter from people's lives matter as you get them into any more in the classroom. They can also take him home. And God bestowed along a second. Think okay. It's going to be the Middle East in emergency the criminal history as soon as the rain in Crivitz Las personas que vous. Avez in Western registradas, Las personas que partido Politico less Persona the Condado Style Como funciona, El sonido Amazon signal it consistent with our office spaces complete that in formula and I will send the internet electoral punto 6 a.m. Until until March 26th to the October Allison collector. And do you know how long it will be a little. If the phone is turned off, if you do the second row second participation and and see Oil Change by report cast Latinos and Latino NC Miller. Latex, younique products and I am so sorry but has expanded.
Coronavirus news, updates, hotspots and information for 05-18-2020 COVID-19 AM Alert
"This is corona virus for one one the latest covert Nineteen Info and new hotspots. Just the facts for Monday may eighteenth twenty twenty all. The two states have lifted some restrictions as of today including Iowa where restaurants gyms and salons twenty two counties on Friday in a recent paper University of Iowa researchers warned that the virus was likely still spreading and though some lockdown measures did mitigate the virus they were not sufficient to prevent uncontained spread on their own reports the Iowa Times Republican over the last two weeks Sioux City Iowa has the highest number of new cases per population with thirteen point two seven per one thousand residents according to the New York Times the US Health and Human Services Secretary suggested that the underlying health conditions of Americans was a major contributor to the death toll from the corona virus. The chairman of the Federal Reserve told sixty minutes that he expects the economy to recover but it may take until the end of next year. Thirteen sailors from the US as Theodore Roosevelt have positive for over one thousand nine hundred a second time after recovering from a first infection reports the Washington Post more than one hundred countries are calling for an independent evaluation into the origin of the pandemic release CNN. The mayor of Sao Paulo Brazil warned that the healthcare system in the city is on the verge of collapse according to The Washington. Post a flight by the Canadian snowbirds meant to lift spirits and show support for those fighting covert nineteen ended in a tragic crash on Sunday. One member was killed another injured in Italy restaurants salons and churches reopened today as cases continue to decline there the locations of hot spots in the US and country diagnoses in a moment hot spots in the US displaying faster rates of growth as of May seventeenth according to the New York Times Lake County. Tennessee Crawford County. Iowa Globally Gabon Zambia. Haiti Central African Republic. Nepal South Sudan Uganda. Mongolia and Yemen have faster rates of growth. There have been one million four hundred eighty six thousand seven hundred forty two confirmed cases of covert nineteen in the United States and eighty nine thousand five hundred sixty four deaths. There were nineteen thousand seven hundred thirty one new cases reported yesterday the ten states with highest case counts New York. Three hundred fifty five thousand thirty seven New Jersey one hundred forty six thousand three hundred thirty four Illinois Ninety four thousand three hundred sixty two Massachusetts Eighty six thousand ten California eighty thousand three hundred sixty six Pennsylvania sixty five thousand seven hundred forty five Michigan fifty one thousand fifty four Texas Forty Eight Thousand Eight Hundred Twenty eight Florida forty five thousand five hundred eighty Maryland. Thirty eight thousand nine hundred twenty. The ten countries with highest case counts Russia. Two hundred ninety thousand six hundred seventy eight United Kingdom two hundred forty three thousand six hundred ninety five. Brazil two hundred forty one thousand eighty Spain two hundred thirty one thousand three hundred fifty Italy. Two hundred twenty five thousand four hundred thirty five. Germany one hundred seventy four thousand six hundred ninety seven Turkey one hundred forty nine thousand four hundred thirty five France one hundred forty two thousand four hundred eleven Iran one hundred twenty thousand one hundred ninety eight India Ninety six thousand one hundred sixty nine for the latest updates subscribe for free to corona virus. Four one one on your podcast APP or ask your smart speakers to play the corona virus. Four one one podcast found that brands.
Samsung Announces 108 Megapixel Smartphone Camera Sensor - DTH
"These are the daily tech headlines for monday. August twelfth nineteen. I'm rich drop lino samsung tailed the isis l. bright h. m. x. smartphone camera sensor which offers up to one hundred eight megapixel resolution the sensor was developed with jami and is one of the largest largest smartphone camera sensors at point seven five inches by default the sensible use pixel binning to capture twenty-seven megapixel images although full resolution will be available. The sensor is is also capable of capturing six k. video at thirty frames per second production of sensor. We'll begin later in august. The new york times reports that in late two thousand eighteen facebook facebook halted acquisition talks with the group video chat house party at a fears of inciting any trust concerns according to sources the acquisition talks had reportedly gone on for weeks before being killed killed by facebook corporate development team over regulatory concerns epa games then acquired house party in june adobe says its upcoming apps aero fresco in in photoshop for ipad. We'll focus experiences outside of the glass. I think that implies a._a._a._r. And it will be fluid between mobile and desktop services adobe project glass last wing still in development uses a mixed reality display to allow photoshop or aftereffects layers to be viewed in a transparent screen in front of real three d objects adobe intends is to partner with hardware companies to create realistic solutions for the project such as retail spaces discord balon video streaming feature called. Go live on august fifteenth length. It will let any discord us on window stream videos of their game the webcam support to any voice channel for up to ten people at a time mac and lennox users. I can watch but not stream boosted servers and anyone with nitro. We'll get higher. Quality streams admins can turn the feature on or off at the server level the voting voting village at the defcon security conference features a ten million dollar prototype voting machine developed by darpa originally out in march. The voting machine is an open source platform and and we'll be built on purpose built hardware although the prototype running at defcon right now is running on virtual is hardware the machine used touchscreen register votes than prince out this elections with a q._r. code in the corner of the ballot. These pronounce are then scanned with a q._r. code serving as a cryptographic validity. Check darpa hopes to have a complete system to access at defcon in in two thousand twenty. The system will offer code repository for researchers to test as well as offer a small test board to look for hardware vulnerabilities u._s. secretary. We have commerce wilbur ross it last week. His department has received fifty requests for licenses to resume sales to weiwei however bloomberg reports people familiar with the matter say the u._s. is holding living off on decisions regarding those applications as china said it was halting purchases of u._s. Farm goods by dances chinese news aggregate or tau tau chow search a mobile optimized search engine the results feature a combination of web results and media from bite dances apps to further drive traffic and is subject to chinese state censorship ship by do currently holds seventy six percent of search market share in china a while. They announced a plan to build an eight hundred million dollar plant in brazil sao paulo. Oh state over the next three years as part of the agreement while we will invest in the states institute of technological research between twenty twenty and twenty twenty two as well as in public education while we has one factory sao paulo that employs two thousand people already nokia ericsson also have factories in the state in an email to users the u._k. Based food delivery startup deliver confirmed it was halting services in germany as of august sixteenth delivery started service in germany for years ago but rolled back services too many smaller german cities last year drivers who have been on the service for at least twelve weeks received to goodwill payments based on average earnings over the past twelve weeks the u._s. Navy announced it will revert destroyers from touchscreens to a physical throttle traditional hump control system over the next eighteen to twenty four months following a fatal crash crash involving the u._s._s. john s mccain a comprehensive review by the navy found the touchscreen systems complex and cruise poorly trained to use them subsequent fleet surveys found crews preferred furred mechanical controls over the touchscreens following safety testing the first new throttles are scheduled to be installed by summer twenty twenty and finally researchers at check point software demonstrated installing ransomware and a canon eighty d._s._l. Are installing the ransomware us the picture transfer protocol over wifi or u._s._b. Which does require any authentication occasion. The ransomware encrypted images on the cameras s. d. card to prevent access counterpoint contacted cannon back in march and to have been working on a patch since may the researchers said that while the exploit was specific to cannon any cameras that use the picture chance for protocol may be vulnerable to similar attacks from our discussion of the news of the day remedy subscribe to get a new show at tech new show dot com you can find show notes there and links to all these headlines as well. Thanks for listening. We'll talk to you next time and from all of us here here at daily tech headlines. Remember have a super sparkly day.
Episode 133 Anyssa Ferreira
"This is hallway chats where we meet people who use wordpress. We asked question. Our. Stories! And perspectives. And now the conversation begins this is episode one thirty, three, welcome to Holly Chats I'm Tehrik Ladies? And I'm Liam Dempsey today we're joined by an Isa Ferrara. An ISA is designer and front end developer from Sao Paulo Brazil. She is the CO founder of ost in agency focused on delivering great user experience with wordpress. An ISA is also part of the word camp. Sao Paulo organizing team. Hello and welcome. Hello, thanks for having me here today. So. Glad to have you glad glad to have someone from? The other side of the world in a vertical sense. Can you tell us a little bit more about yourself? Yes. Sure Liam said I am the designer in Fronton, developer. I started. Playing with front page in my teenage. So. I ended ended up here today with you with wordpress, and and now I have my own agency where I work with A. Variety of clients developing everything from. Corporate websites and ECOMMERCE in blogging and everything at work risking. How did you I used front page a long time ago as well? How did you discover wordpress? Well After blade with from wage I, realized that I had to learn something different, if I went into a really great professional websites so When I was looking for blood firm to build my or folio. I guessing was in college at the time and. I went to graphic design school in college so. I was looking for what from to just build a simple or folio in some. Images. So Hawaii found workers in did really like at first so I? Kind of you know for follow didn't like it and. Left to. But I I. I went to a blood spot and built by. Flu there so when I had to like a Mar, a ruble website, I went back to our presidents and I thought well this will. Be More appropriate for this. kind of website this time. That super interesting around going with front page and then I didn't start with front page I was a dream weaver, and just coating in in text, editors the Leica, but definitely more of a marketing in designer than than a developer. By now you're you're. Heard that you describe yourself this affirmative, develop or in talk about. Your transition introduction, or at least willingness to dive into code to the point where you publicly declared that you. Code, which is is something. I always reluctantly sheriff I never described myself as as a developer, and and it's not a bridge that ultimately I wanted to cross I'd be interested in your story. I'll that was exactly. It was reluctant to because I always. On myself funds designer. I am designer, not a colder another developer. In S. I o Strang to my portfolio in with spot. I realized that they had liked these. Themes are lates in that I could a customization at some extent, so I had to learn Leo. CSS To do this in Leo html. So I started learning and soon enough it was all I really wanted to change this little part that I cannot change in this platform so I started to be my own website with a pure html in Chessen. Some jazz creeped and. I got a freelance job. that. You'd like the layout of a website. In the Clint, the customer Mike Mike Client asked me if I could build it Okay. I can't beauty to end in at the decline. Really liked in. She said okay. Let's work together. You maintain the website and. I'll pay you for to do this was like. Oh, I can't really work with this is go I really started working as a developer. Designer, so it was my first job, and I really was surprised because someone saw that I could develop something and I really didn't believe that I could so at this point. I was like okay, maybe I should really started this series. Take disturbs me because at the college I didn't have any coding classes in. Just really basic one so I. I had to learn by myself so I started studying really Put some effort on the coding side of Mexicans. That's really interesting. What is the community like where you live? The wordpress community. While do community. Here is a very dedicated one, but it's also We are. Through a rough period we need to. Understand. What is happening right now? In Our community to bring more people to engage people because? Three or four years ago ahead liked is huge community in all of a sudden you'd really it shrank. So now we have. We don't have many word camps. We have like. Two in a year for contrast, because Brazil's not. Is Not much. SUPPO-. We really need to. have. Someone thinking to the base work, you know in talk to people when engage them, because word phrases really huge here, but addict immunity is not really. Representing the decides of the engagement thing engagement. We have here. What do you attribute? You might not have the answer so I'm not trying to put on the spot. Is the decline of the activity of the Brazilian wordpress. Community is likely to be related to Covid nineteen, or do you think there's another factor there? Alcove but it was before even before. The. Endemic in. Quarantine I think that are worth press. Is, really. Though. We have a different tools here. That have A. Bigger market, team. Approach? I don't know how to. Expresses, the the the other tools make I think make more an effort to make A. Sorry. No. You're doing fine. Your your English is fantastic compared to my Brazilian, so my Portuguese, so carry on your I'm definitely following you. It's the different approach, but just so just take your diamond and showers. You'd like I will definitely understanding. Okay and The other the other tools like weeks or other would order e commerce platforms. They are really investing marketing me and people are. Migrating for a these other tools. In sometimes, people are still see a word as the like the amateur to like something that is not ritual sure. Yeah something that is not like enterprise or something that is not like for you to build a just. A simple block is not really. A professional to so. We really have this work. off educating the market here and. That's why I said that our community to super. because everyone works day night, telling. No says is not Does not have like. A security problems have security problems as any other softer wood. So we have to like, keep educating people in the very bad basic stuff in that's most of the. Difficult often. Community we have here is is about this. Yeah, that's a real challenge to educate folks about the the realities of word processing. Of Of course it has its security falls on risks. Every content management system does and and US. Say wordpress is more vulnerable than others. It's. It's difficult as as a small agency to have any kind of scientific data that says actually it's no more so anecdotally and professionally we can say it's odd but. I'm not aware of terror. Do you know of any where you could point to a study? That says these are the top most insecure insecure management system because wordpress might be hacked the most, but it's also the most widely used so inevitably. It's going to be the most hacked accents. That's challenge. Yeah, sure I'm also curious when we talk about challenges, if you would talk to us a little bit about being the CO founder of an agency, and and what challenges you found doing that being your own boss, and and running an agency in working with clients talked to us a little bit about your experience what the challenges are! Well. It certainly was a challenge. It's too. But I feel like the first challenge is that you were very young at the time, we? Really are. Ninety I was nineteen? Wow! Impressive. I was working I said that Working with the website development was my first job. Walls also was my only job. So I just said this one job and I bent in the night went. Oh, you know what? Let's start our own. So. This was the first challenge. We didn't have much experience in network in anything. We just knew that we wanted to do something. Different we were experiencing our jobs. And then we start studying in learning everything we could workplace community really helped us at. At a key moment in our company, because we started doing everything, we could a about design you know like. Do need some print, our logo or anything you could think of we mood so when we started. Seeing that building websites we were ability. We went to the community and we asked a lot of. I to build our own website in then We learned what we learned we started doing for clients in a this was one of the biggest challenges to to learn how to. Adapt real fast because we didn't have like. A so much a previews experience so. I think those were the main challenges. Is. Like how can we keep a? Sustainable business. Thinking about? Growing, in. Bringing Maher. Mar More business in also the Bendik right. Is a big challenge for everyone. For sure how bell so you? You started this with a friend. How is that workout? Yea. I started this with my boyfriend autism. and. was really we really work well together? We complement each other's skill sees a beckon developer and he worked his. Attempts to do more with the business side tonight into. Do more with the creative side, so it really really well end. In the last couple of years we. Hired some staff in. We have another partner now in Max. Is. In while we are getting really well end. Is Really Weird because at first with Hall. We have to separate personal. And business life in in things. We have to really. Mind from other off the end. It wasn't really that hard, you know. And I think we really. Knew how to complement each other's. Not only skills. Knowledge everything and I think when you work with someone that you know when you're like. It's really the best. Because you are leaving with Burson for many hours, and you have to communicate well. It had to be able to understand in all the soft skills. Get! Our get really easier to. Do it. We've we've chatted with a few couples who worked together and I? Think it's amazing to be able to do that actually because I think it is a struggle to separate work from life in general, and then to have that be part of your relationship as well as it says a lot about the strength of a relationship to do that and I think you have to make a concerted effort as you said you talked about about that. So, how many years have you been doing this together then? Well we started working together in two thousand nine, so allowing years. Wow, that's impressive. -gratulations great. That's great. I'd like to ask you about success. We ask everyone this question and I love hearing different answers that we hear What does success mean to you? How do you define it? And how do you? How do you incorporate that definition into your life? I think success is. Reaching a goal in it doesn't matter what co- is his. And I really think success is not really carrying about what? Other people think success. I I really when we started working. Name we started our own agency I. Thought about a lot about this and I thought well a win. Will Life you like? A accomplished. Success. Will that be when I? Have my I million. Dollars or when I don't know a Heaven Two hundred people company what. Will Success Look. Like in now today, I don't have ended of this. Bud on I feel I can work the Assane amount of hours in my week I can have my time of. Entertainment Fan doing nothing ahead. My weekends in the have maim mental health. I have. Many health in general, so I think had this is starting to look like success for me. Of course of course I. Want to do a lot more end. But I am seeing that I'm getting. Does Mall small successes? You know in disease like component of the. Success they had. I I really liked that idea of a bunch of small successes heading up till an overall feeling of success, and I just want to go back to something you said about successes, not concerning yourself with the definition of other people's success, and I I just love that I love that. Confidence in not not a you know a bravado or a Hubris or false pride, but really just I am who I am and I understand why I am. And what matters to me in matter to you in. That's okay. It matters to me and I'm GONNA I'M GONNA. Make that my work Michael That's fantastic. Thank you for China. Thanking Yeah I think relief like A. Moment in history where we see people, getting won't be. Billion Dollars at, age twenty three. And we look like we look at this in will be like Oh, my God! Doing with my life and I get this sometimes Allah And but I really just you'll know what. I. I. Don't care you know. It's just like how I'm doing my own thing and I know all hop off the steps. I had to take to reach where I saw. It couldn't be different way I did my best, and of course could have done some things different. But I never weaken. Not Think about this with what we. We cannot mess with time lights. You know what if I had done this well, something good could come up of this but I. I could be something bad, so there is no point thinking thinking. What could I done or a? What would my life be something? Different. Yeah and and I think. Having started your own company at eight. Nineteen Year definition of success naturally will evolve as you. As you get older and as your business ships and changes, so thank you for sharing that. Yeah, definitely changed a lot and. I definitely learned a lot. I hope it keeps changing into. I Dunno into the the end because It's not really something I. I. Think like fixed or Something that it needs to keep changing you know in even if I. Really just. Reach the goal that I set before I. Need to set another one, so we keep going. That make sense I I wanna ask you about about Your Business and about business development in a in a covert. Economy we shared before the shore that both. Brazil where you live. In the United States return I live at various stages of lockdown orders in place throughout our respective countries. How are you in your Your Business Partner? How are you going about bringing? Were Doing Business Development? In this type of environment. What's it looks like for you. Well. We are working one hundred percent. Remotely, so, who we started early on March I guess. And We didn't even had like lockdown. Order here in Brazil when we started. But, we already had like some experience working remotely. Our company was not remote at the time, but. Part of it was and we always had liked the tools. Are We always used slack? Everything was A. Guitar job or files were in the clouds. was set up to work remotely. We just referred to go to the office in when we head to make the shift to work remotely. It was kind of moves. We didn't have a lot of problems with just had to adjust like the communication process because. We felt. Felt really isolated. You know we used to work side by side, so you just or Dane when we need to talk to someone just. decided incident something in things we didn't have this. We had to set up a daily meetings in weekly meetings. In now we are trying to understand what can do to. Bring more business because. We need to think about the future in. Can we bring more business in the actually saw a opportunity in working with From other countries that we bidding wailing had the opportunity to before in sinks now everyone is remote weekend focus on day, so now you're. Talking with people from other countries in trying to get business in not only Brazil Are. Truly interesting. The the globalization do the lockdown that enables folks to. Communicate and do business outside of their own kind of geographic limitations. And I suppose you know going. East and West gets a bit tricky with time zones, but you can go up and down up and down your same time zone, and there's plenty of folks in it, and you don't have to deal with on. That's really interesting. I WANNA I WANNA change gears and talk a little bit about advice. And my question for you is what's the best advice that you've been given or read or encountered, and successfully hoop lamented in your life. Well. It was an advice from Youtube video. I don't have it anymore, but it was a really simple youtube video about drawing. In it really can be can be applied to. Anything is just like. Do Something a lot of times in. You'll get good in in it. It doesn't matter what it is so The the man was talking about drawing like a character, but it just a simple. There is no magic in. How do I become good in something? There is no magic. Just do this thing. As many times as you can delay, you'll be good at it eventually, so a pretty much anything can be achieved so draining. Yeah I like that I find myself needing to remind myself of that from time to time that this is cumbersome and laborious on keep heading my virtual foot on the same stump, and it's really just because I. Don't know what I'm doing, and if I do it more and more. It becomes easier. Tara could see from the look on your face that you wanted to share something going to be quiet. Now I was going to be in agreement on that concept. And I was also GONNA ask? What you do for fun when you're not working. Well I draw. I like to draw a lot and I liked to play video games. pretty much anything during Voss creativity. A I like chill right to. Do Manual work and I really tried to do. Very different things for my hobby, that does not involve only their computer. Or something electric because I get so much, I am front of screens Especially now in quarantine I, just need some a delight. Eventually I try to draw a lot. LS, couple days have been growing. Look to draw. Enter. Now I'm and drawing Manga. So I'm drying Japanese style comics, and I, I'm really I can't I is. Usually. Something that the teenagers. In. Late to the party. Never too late. That's neat. What's it like? When you work in wordpress, do you work in English with English version of it or do? We use a translated version? I know. It's been something that has been talked about a lot and I haven't really explored it much myself but I'm curious to how how you interact with word press in your language or in English. Oh I use it a Portuguese Virtuous in I am part of the translation team I am. One of the translators in our community and I even Late blogging in themes to, and this is why we're at present soul successful here in Brazil, because we have like a a really good translate translation seem. And the real fast, we work really hard to ensure that were presence available or choose as soon as they release. A new version end Brazil's only five percent of the Brazilian speaks. English. In, so we have to translate you and I. I ended up using in Portuguese Almost auditor. I love hearing that something that I, think. were so so centered on ourselves in the English language. That I don't think that we think about that area opening. Whenever I encounter blog posts information about the translating teams. I'm always best needed to hear about what they're doing and how to make wordpress available to people who don't speak English. It's wonderful, so and that's one of the reasons. I'm sure. Why would presses so widely used our other platforms like squarespace in Wixom? Those today have translations. Are they only in English I wondered you know. Weeks I know day have Burgess version I'm not aware of course space head, but yeah I guess they had. Okay mean I guess that's benefit of being open sources. You have people contributing from all over the world in their own languages rather than having to hire people to do that, so well, thank you for contributing to the wordpress community and to your community in Brazil to make wordpress more accessible to everybody. That's great. To be commitment I'm sure. And I'll second thanks, the translation teams who give of their time, and their talent and multi-lingual skills are a huge part of what makes the wordpress community global land. If a folks like you, a niece skilled enough in generous enough to to do that, we wouldn't be able to. To have the great, not just community, but also just the economy diversity plug ins are made by folk from all. So. Thank you for confirmed patients that way even though we're not in Brazil. benefiting from your work translated into Portuguese. Thank you. Welcome. So. We are sadly out of time here, but before we say goodbye love for you to share where people can find you online, and maybe if you share them in all woke, people can see some your drawings online, too. Yeah, you can find me on twitter I. Am any hey on to your to? In! Almost every other social media His vigil and there is indeed some drawings into now and. You can find me at my website, which is asked design dot, com, the VR In, that's it. Thank you so much. It's been a pleasure meeting. You hope that you stay safe. To. Stay safe farewell. Ceremony so. By Thanks for listening to the show. Hope! You enjoyed it as much as we did. If you like what we're doing here meeting New People in our wordpress community. We invite you to tell others about it. We're on itunes and it. HOLLY CHATS DOT COM. Better yet. Ask Your wordpress friends and colleagues to join us on the show. Encourage them to complete the beyond the show forum on our site to tell us about themselves.
How To Spot An Ultraprocessed Food [60 Sec Psych]
"Today sixty seconds psych how to spot an ultra processed food ultra processed foods are associated with a twenty percent increased risk of depression as we reported in our last podcast. That's just an associational. Finding but controlled. Trials have found a large effect size in depression when people switch from the standard western diet where fifty percent of calories are generally derived from ultra processed foods porta a mediterranean style diet that limits them to two to three servings a week we have a patient friendly guide to that diet in her online journal. Look for it in our may twenty nineteen issue and in today's podcast. I'll try to pin down. Just what an ultra processed food is the most widely used definition of ultra sometimes called highly processed foods is the nova classification. This was developed in two thousand nine at the university of sao paulo brazil. This classification divides food by how it's processed or changed from. Its natural raw form rather than by its ingredients that you might find on nutrition panel so a raw potato is unprocessed vote. They're looking at what happens if we bake it versus boiling it frying it or adding preservative to turn it into potato chips. That's what the nova system is trying to shine a light on and nova is not an acronym it's name for the star that shines at slight. I will start with minimally processed foods these are generally. Okay don't have much in the way of health risks. These involve adding salt oil sugar and sometimes light preservatives like antioxidants in order to store and prepare the food. It includes canned vegetables. Salted nuts cured or smoked. Meats like push yuda cheese yogurt beer wine and freshly made bread so far. These are all good then. There's the ultra processed foods. These contain chemicals. That aren't typically found in the kitchen but have been added in order to improve the taste appearance or sensory qualities of the food to give it that crunch that soft bite in the cookie or silky texture the desert. We're talking about things here. like food. coloring flavor enhancers artificial sweeteners by the way. Artificial sweeteners have a strong association with depression than do regular sweeteners. Natural sweeteners and they've also been found to cause some hippocampal damage in basic science studies. Moving on they also include high fructose corn syrup. Casey and lactose way. That's w. h. e. y. gluten hydrogenated oils high trost allies proteins emulsifiers. Like you might find in breads and various processing aids soy protein and maltodextrin so those are some of the ingredients you might find on the label that would indicate its alter processed some of the sources of ultra processed. Foods are obvious. We're talking fast foods. Frozen foods packaged snacks. Sodas all kinds of sodas ice cream candy but others are less obvious and they sometimes masquerade is. Healthy foods spreads in jars breakfast cereals. Margarines energy bars flavored yogurt. Instant sauces baby formula instan- soup. Mass produced packaged breads and even distilled spirits like whiskey vodka and rum. Those are ultra processed as opposed to beer and wine which is minimally processed and then there's my favorite term for processed food reconstituted meat products. By that i mean chicken nuggets hot dogs sausages and unfortunately burgers including those plant based burgers which are highly processed. But what about the packaged foods that claimed to be healthy. The no the system hasn't taken a stance on specific products but based on their criteria and some of the opinions that nutritionists have put out. There are some prepared foods that lean more on the side of processed instead of ultra processed of few that checked out and seemed to meet the bill are daves whole grain bread or sprouted breads like zico our experts and laura that's l. a. r. a. bars other supermarket foods that the nova system considers minimally processed include dried pastas and rice whole grains like the music's varieties freshly ground peanut butter another nut butters oatmeal and grits. That aren't flavored or instant fresh or pasteurize fruit juices that don't have added sugars and unadulterated home-cooked popcorn dried fruits beef jerky pickled foods and candor smoked meats and fish as well as breads made without preservatives cheese and yes surprisingly bacon.
States evidence: Brazils messy covid-19 response
"Hello and welcome to the intelligence on economist. Radio I'm your host Jason Palmer. Every weekday we provide a fresh perspective on the events. Shaping your world gyms stand empty yoga studios to but a growing amount of exercise. Stretching of both body and mind is going online and changes that lockdown populations are making now may reshape the wellness industry forever and our obituaries editor. Looks back life of Michelle. Woo decorated chef. Who took it as his mission to teach the British how to eat. Well the nearly worked first up though yesterday evening. Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson was moved to intensive care ten days after testing positive for the corona virus. He's the first head of a Western government to be hospitalized for covert nineteen the promises national events later. He has received oxygen support and of course one of the reasons for being an intensive goes to make sure though whatever support The medical team considered to be appropriate can be provided the deterioration of the prime minister's condition as unsettled British politics at a crucial moment. Unlike America Britain has no formal system of succession however the administration has said Dominic Robb foreign secretary. We'LL STAND IN FOR MR JOHNSON. Where necessary to rob even update last night. He's receiving excellent cat. Isn't Tom Sawyer? Little and we'd like to take this opportunity as a government to thank. Nhl Up and down the country all of their dedication hard work and commitment in treating everyone who's been affected by this off of ours. The prime minister was last seen in public on Thursday evening clapping in a show of support for the National Health Service and other key workers in Britain had and other countries to become a weekly ritual to make some noise to celebrate those on the front line of dammit but in Brazil such sounds have come to mean something else entirely residents have taken to banging pots and pans to protest against the federal government's handling of the crisis so far. Brazil has recorded more than twelve thousand cases disease. The death toll is nearing six hundred. The health minister has warned that the country's health system may collapse by the end of the month. The thing volt off but the president J. Sonata warned of hysteria. He's railed against shutdowns measures. Put in place. By Brazil's local and state authorities city and state governments have imposed isolation measures Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro implemented full lockdowns when Brazil had a pretty small number of confirmed cases. Sarah Maslin is our Brazil correspondent reporting from Sao Paulo. They've turned football stadiums into field. Hospitals are trying to ramp up the production of ventilators and other medical supplies and they're hiring hundreds of grave diggers universities and private labs are developing. Cova tests companies are donating materials the biggest brewery in Brazil as making hand sanitizer. So it seems like city and state authorities and businesses and so on seem to be pretty switched onto the risk. But the one person who seem to be fairly flippant about it from the start is if the president all of this is despite not because of the President Jacob also Nado from the very beginning. He's dismissed this disease calling it a little sniffle and going out in public right. After the social distancing guidelines were introduced over the past few weeks he has taken to social media and national television to slam social distancing guidelines saying that it's ruining Brazil's economy and urging local governments to abandon their strategies of closing schools and businesses. He calls those strategies scorched earth. He's blamed the media for spreading hysteria and there are rumors that he's planning to fire his healthcare minister who has taken up serious stance toward this disease. And so do you think that all of that behavior on Mr Snarl part is a bid to to save the economy without respect to the human cost at first it seemed like Bolsonaro was simply following in the footsteps of Donald Trump and putting Brazil's economy ahead of its public health however in recent days other leaders like trump pauvres seem to grasp the seriousness of this disease. Bolsonaro isn't there yet. He's still talking about how Brazilians need to go back to work. And how the economy is still struggling from the effects of a recession. A few years ago there is some truth to that. It's going to be really difficult for all of the Brazilians who lose their jobs. And the government isn't able to provide the kind of economic stimulus that you see in Britain or the US. It's going to be especially difficult for informal workers who make up about half of Brazil's employed population. Well that's the other question given a president who's thumbing his nose at the very idea of taking this seriously. How are the people of Brazil? Responding recent polling suggests that the vast majority of Brazilians Suport social distancing and don't want the economy to suddenly spring back into full fashion for the most part in middle class and wealthy neighborhoods in Sao Paulo. The streets are empty and quiet and most Brazilians are taking quarantine very seriously. That picture changes once you enter the favelas informal settlements that are home to around thirteen million people here in Brazil. Social distancing really hard partly because people live in cramped quarters and partly because a lot of them depend on the money. They make every single day to put food on the table and so in that sense. It's very much like the story. We've been hearing about elsewhere in the world where Gobert will ultimately hits the poorest the hardest right and when I visited Qadis Awfulness for Villa here in Paulo. That's home to one hundred thousand people. It was striking. How much activity was on the streets? Businesses were open. People were selling food. People were gathering and when I talk to them. They said of course. We're scared but we don't have any other option. I spoke to a man named Leo who has a tiny barbershop He tried shutting down for a couple of days but couldn't pay his bills. He's now opened up and has a rule that only five people can be in this tiny barbershop at the same time but he told me he's terrified knows he should be wearing a mask. Nosy could get sick but he really doesn't have any other way to make money and so in that sense. Is there any public health policy? That's different for villas because they present a different challenge. Well one of the first things I saw when visited potties. Opelousas was assigned from the Health Ministry that said something like respect the quarantine guidelines. This is not the same thing as a vacation. Which really doesn't speak to the reality of Valez instead the local neighborhood association is mounting a really impressive effort to try to prepare. They have hired their own private ambulance system. And our appointing young people to serve as streak presidents and checking on residents to make sure they have enough food to eat and aren't showing symptoms of Corona virus and they've even taken over a couple of government schools and are preparing them as Corentin zone. So people who get sick don't have to risk their families. All of this shows that people living in FA- Velez new even before Kovac's came to Brazil that they couldn't depend on the government. They realized that they have to take covert nineteen into their own. Hands are thank you very much for joining us. Thanks Jason to get a lot. More analysis like this subscribed the economist a trusted source of information and well intelligence for one hundred and seventy five years. Just GO TO ECONOMIST. Dot Com slash radio offer twelve issues for twelve dollars or twelve pounds. If you have to stay inside. It's tempting to spend quite a lot of time. Binge-watching bucks everyone eating and maybe drinking with abandon being under quarantine prey on the mind and after a while. Plenty of people crave something a little more. Wholesome as people look down at home then looking for ways to stay sane off their minds but also looking at the bodies. Sasha now though economist public policy in the trump and therefore you've seen a real increase in online exercises stretching up stripped stretch enough. Good the Raymond. Warm up on the hill. This seems to be a real digital wellness boom if you will. And how is the industry responding to that sudden surge in demand? You're seeing a load of free stuff being thrown online and we saw that the floor the K. They'd knocked down but now both the full ume as well as the expansiveness of stuff that's coming up is really going through the roof and this is really catering to all ages site for the very young. You've got Joe Wicks. Who's this cheeky fitness trainer? He's been posting videos online for quite a long time. But he's sunny goes through a huge boom more everybody Robinson and of PA WITH UNFORTUNATELY JOKING INSIDE. Is THAT IN SPITE AMAZING. Crabbie's started this daily fitness class. Pe Class for kids which is doing phenomenally well and then on the other hand you got. Diana Moran known as the Green Goddess who really led the wave of our home fitness in the nineteen eighties. I actually a couple of bottles with me that I might use later on. So if you've got a couple handy find them or you could use. Maybe a kind of the ED or a couple of Max shurer. Let's start and she's back with the slots on BBC breakfast particularly trying to motivate older people to keep moving so there's really apply to all ages lead seems to have the physical health covered. What about the mental health? You also mentioned mental health. Similarly you see an increase in both APPs downloaded as well as the time people spend on these types of APPs. And you've got to think about things that to people through. Meditation would just help them come down to body scans. This is something which is completely out of the blue you. Su said called Mindfulness APPs. Already growing the top five in facts in two thousand eighteen grew by eighty five percent in that year so you think an exploration of that trend heads faces a company. That's particularly well known. And in fact is making a lot of material free now for people who work in the healthcare industry as well as some more limited stuff to who they saw in the last week of March a nineteen jump in a cobbing. Excellence as well as a fourteen. Fold jump in an exciting and reframing anxieties so both with physical fitness as well with the mental health. You see a real rise in people. Wanting to be part of something by washing it will taking parts in it live and in fact from Youtube. You've seen videos with with me in the title so for example. Cook with me exercise with me. Clean with me jump up by six hundred percent. Since mid-march daily people are looking to be alone together if you will about industry trends and all of these sort of newly formed habits do you get the feeling that they will stick lockdowns end. Obviously everybody is on the winning end is talking about an acceleration of something that was bound to happen as Jim go myself. I'm still looking forward to being elsewhere. They just living room floor and I'm pretty sure that goes for a substantial amount of people although that said people who would doing much before this particularly say the elderly who may have been motivated by Miss Moran. Now you may well be starting habits that they can keep up on more convinced boy. The mental health mindfulness infamous APPs. This may just give them extra nudge into the mainstream. It does depend on what the habit is. And what about the providers of these sorts of services before I mean namely bricks and mortar gyms that are currently standing empty? Would what do you think the long term effect will be on the industry that existed before all this under the industry's really suffering the CEO's of people? Jim a British very large Jim. has said that his company is burning about nine million pounds a week whilst his JIM stand empty. That's a fatty well-financed Company. But if you're a small mom and pop. Jin All we don't have a good balance. You really in trouble so. I think many industries but I think the gym industry is really gonNA suffer on the back of this and the question kind of is will people flock to the surviving gyms or will they go to online providers in any case. I'd say that this temporary win world that we're in is starting to raise the question of what can you do right? What can you do through zoo and with that? I think it raises the Bar? Physical experiences. Say we're trying sorts of things through video calls right now. Some of them appear to work very well others not tool but in any case I think for some things it will raise the Bar Astakhov it. Do we really need to do this physically or can we meet virtually? And what about yourself? Are you availing yourself of these new tools? Well I'm very lucky to go hold of some kettlebells and for now managing to do a daily workout coming again in a few weeks to see if I kept it up for sure. Thank you very much for joining us. Thank you Jason. The covert nineteen pandemic is bringing immense uncertainty to citizens governments and the global economy economist. Radio is drawing on the expertise of international network of correspondents to report on the crisis on the science. The more you understand about the methods with more places there are you can glue is up on the economics. You banks are in a really interesting position this crisis. Because last time they were maybe the calls of Tama and this time they could be one of the arms through which the impact of the crisis is dull and on the politics of covert nineteen some worst case scenarios. Have a very large number of people dying. That is going to trigger very very grave conversations about whose fault this is for the latest on the pandemic and more join us on economist. Radio Listen Wherever you get your bug house in the end it would take a Frenchman to revolutionize fine dining in England when the chef Michelle ru I arrived in London in the nineteen sixties. He peered into restaurants finding a spectacle he looked through the window and then he saw his extreme horror that people were eating. English P on a plate and these peas were gigantic to his I. There was big as quails eggs and they were fluorescent green. And in that moment he thought good heavens. Is it ever going to be impossible to teach these people to eat well and in fact trying to teach them how to eat? Well was the whole reason. He was there because his brother bird had decided. He was going to revolutionize dining in Britain and he needed his brother's help they'd always had an interesting relationship. Albert was the older brother six or seven years old. He was little and dark and Felli bustling very energetic entrepreneurial character Michelle was more laid back much handsomer tour. They room is bound to be shed spurs at them because their father was shot in burgundy say they fell into cooking most naturally when Albert went off to become an apprentice to a pastry chef. A few years later. Michelle decided he would do that too. And then when Albert went to London. Michelle for him say he was always following the track of his brother's life. It just seemed the right way to go. Somehow they were tremendously successful thing. One thousand nine hundred restaurant. Lower Sloane street accord it got harsh which means the action was. Certainly not an urgent sort of place. It was extremely expensive. Their whole fluffy was to teach British. That you didn't need to cook from frozen over meals. You've prepared ages in advance. You could Cook Allied Minute Cook fresh and that was how took off. It was so unusual. People were gobsmacked by had. Never seen anything like that. Before and it became the first restaurant in London indeed in Britain to win a Michelin starred won three Michelin Stars. And eventually they expanded their hire former pub at brain box which was cool the water side in and that was the restaurant that Michelle in particular became associated with who his particular skill had been as a pastry chef. He loved the precision of desserts. He loved the way you could be a bit. Flamboyant with them as well and decorative when he was a private chef awhile to set into Rothschild. He became famous for his Omelet souffle Rothschild. Which sounds absolutely amazing. It involves a period of dried apricots and Cointreau and a good deal of Beatnik white. And I imagine that the Aromas you get when you plunge your spoon into it are absolutely exquisite to the combination of the brothers. He brought precision and exactness and also a sense that they should always be set an etiquette about fine dining in a restaurant so he expected guest where ties to look generally smartened. He wants nearly turned away rolling stones in tears because they looked pretty untidy. The two brothers had a television show for a while in the late eighties. Which was very entertaining because of this tension and friendly rivalry between them all the time even lovely light again. He fled into land. Which I think you forgot to mention Benji I gotta but on the other hand one and in that show everything had pumped into a patent with sizzling butter. So it's cholesterol heaven. He did not change with the styles. He remained resolute yard fashioned that the best of cuisine is classic French so when cuisine got a little bit lighter and butter was frowned on. He was still using. Lashings it voter in all his recipes. He felt that the best cuisine was this classic French style. And it was set me the cooking of another age. He always felt that he hadn't changed under as much as he would like to. I mean there were more three star Michelin restaurants there. He thought that there was a huge range of international cuisine in London which was quite impressive. He felt that Britain had made a lot of progress bought. There was still quite a long way to go and in particularly never felt that the English were cooking their piece in the right way they should cook them in butter. Not Water ANDRO ON MICHELLE RU. Who's died aged seventy eight? That's all for this episode of the Intelligence. If you like us give us a rating on podcast. And we'll see about your tomorrow.