24 Burst results for "Saint Helen"
Supervolcanoes: KABOOMY BOOM
"Hi I'm Wendy took him in and yet listening to science versus from Gimblett this is the show that pits facts against fiery mountains. Out Story begins with Christian Jacobsen. It's one thousand, nine hundred and he lives in Redmond. Washington. So that was twelve. I was a I was a rocker kid. One morning Christian woke up early he was eating cheerios raisin bran he liked to mix them half and half. Everything was quiet. When suddenly? I heard like a door slam downstairs and I thought hang on. I thought I was the only person up you want. But something else had woken up. Now Saint Helen's snowcapped mountain just a few hours south of Christians. House. It had been rumbling a months, a mixture of how do we rock gold magma was building and building inside it. then. On May Eighteenth nineteen eighty. It finally blew its top. Downstairs was the sound of the eruption that I heard Mount Saint Helen's shook, but it's most violent eruption in one hundred, twenty, three years. The volcanoes blasts have come with a vengeance today. The conical shapes top of the mountain is now gone eruption Shaw Ash fifteen miles into the sky and that ash spread all across the state when Christian his door step outside it was like Dorothy stepping over the threshold into technical ause. Only, in reverse. Walked out on the deck and I looked at my mom's planters there where she had these puppies growing pink poppies. They were covered in a fine dust and I just touched it really lightly and I just came off my fingers. It was like as fine as chuck dust from like a chalkboard. And as I looked away from the flowers. I saw it was just on everything freaking everywhere in neighboring towns. The ash got so thick that it made the sky turn black day was like night and for Christian the ash found its way into his eyes throat felt the grit in my teeth and from when you breathe it in, it just gets in your mouth kind of like if it was a hyper fine sand and like breathing in sand or something. The volcanoes blast also created this massive wave of heat that flattened everything for miles Christian. Remember seeing a forest of huge pine trees just on the ground all the trees are laid down in pointing in one direction. They are completely stripped of all the branches and everything they're just the trunk of the tree laid down. Like a giant has been playing with pickup sticks but the thing that really shocked Christian was when he realized that the eruption had created a giant mud flow that hot rock and gas had melted all the ice at the top of the mountain. Causing like an eight lane highway of. Rocks and trees and superheated mud coming hurtling down. Crashing in and taking out every single bridge that it touched railroad bridges and freeways and everything I mean when you see something like that that's that's something that. Knowing there's something that powerful that much bigger than you is scary. The mounts Helen's eruption killed fifty seven people. The Mountain Helen's. It isn't even close to the most deadly volcano out there. Just five years later, a volcano erupted in Columbia creating a landslide that killed twenty, four thousand people, and in the past even volcanoes erupted. So called Super. Volcanoes. The one we hear about here in the US yellowstone. And that's where a lot of people are looking to right now because there are rumblings that yellowstone is about to blow, and if that happens, it would be catastrophic. Christian has heard these rumors to the yellowstone will make Mount Saint. Helen's look like a pimple. That's that's not gonna be interruption like anything we've. We've seen in written history I. Don't think that's just going to open up a hole. Where everything that's underneath? This is gonNA come out and it's going to come out in a terrible terrible way everything from the Pacific. Ocean to you know Minnesota is gone. And on top of all that there are stories that a yellowstone blast could change the climate howling us into a new ice age. So today on the show we're asking. Is that even possible just how scary Ken Volcanoes get? When it comes to volcanoes, there's a lot of blame. But then. There's science.
1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens
"So my episode today. is about the nineteen eighty Mount Saint Helens eruption. So now, we weren't alive then even though we were not alive, then it was you know years until Jillian. Many years. Until we were born. We are in our. Mid Twenty. S. So we're very youthful. Yeah. We say what's a CD or whatever I don't know anything I couldn't even pretend to be a teenager because I have no idea went technology. Don T TIKTOK ON THE TIKTOK You know on the TIKTOK so. Nineteen Eighty Mount Saint Helens eruption has a lot of parallels to what's going on in the world today, but it's an interesting story. So to to start with for our non US friends and Non West Coast friends, I didn't know the details about this when I started researching it but Mount Saint Helen's which is known as a lot lot to the indigenous lets people and Lou wit. Luella cloud to the click a tat is an active stretch of Okano located in. Skamania. County. Washington in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States I. Apologize to the Washingtonians. If I pronounced Skamania county your Skamania county incorrectly. I'm sure I will get an email about this. Fifty miles eighty kilometers northeast of Portland Oregon Ninety, six miles or one hundred and fifty four kilometers south of Seattle Washington. So to get a sense of where Mount Saint Helen's is. If you're thinking of both Washington state and Oregon is roughly like. Square ish rectangular ish in shape with Washington, in the north and Oregon just below. Mount Saint Helen's is in the lower left quadrant of Washington state near the border of Oregon. and. She's roughly halfway between Portland, and the Portland Oregon and Olympia Washington, which is the Washington state capital. Okay. also relevant northeast of Mount. Saint Helen's is what's called Spirit Lake. And there's a bunch of little rivers and creeks in that area just due to like the geology of the area but almost directly north of the mountain is the north fork toodle river. River toodle or Poudel T. O. U. T.. L. E. Title River. So. Also? Mount Saint. Helen's takes its English name from the British diplomats. Lowered Saint Helen's is a friend of explorer George Vancouver who made a survey of the area in the late eighteenth century The volcano is located in the cascade range is part of the cascade volcanic arc, which is a segment of the Pacific Ring of fire that includes over one hundred and sixty active volcanoes and for the record before the explosion mount. Saint, Helen's stood at nine, thousand, six, hundred and eighty feet high. So. They knew it was part of the ring of the ring of Fire Okay Yeah Yeah So. They knew as part of the ring of fire. It had experienced some activity throughout recorded history but it. It remained dormant basically from its last period of activity in the eighteen, Forty S and eighteen fifties. So by one thousand, nine hundred had been more than one hundred years before there was any like really significant activity that includes ash like little burps and like any kind of flow or anything like that. So. At this point people were pretty complacent thinking nothing's going to happen anytime soon it's fine like it's a dormant volcano for all intents and purposes until we get to the spring of nineteen eighty. Okay. So, there were several small earthquakes beginning on March fifteenth of that year indicating that magma may have begun moving below the volcano also just as an f. y. we talked about natural disasters on episode sixty one which was called here I am rock. You like a hurricane I talked a little bit about that about volcanoes in that episode. So if you want to refresh your memory about the basics of what's in a volcano check that out episode sixty one, it's very good. Thank you. So on March Twentieth Three Forty Five PM Pacific Standard Time, which everything will be NPS T. Shallow magnitude four point two earthquake centered below the volcano's north flank signal the volcanoes return from one hundred, twenty three years of hibernation. A gradually building earthquake swarm saturated area seismographs, and started to climax at about noon on March twenty fifth reaching peak levels in the next two days including an earthquake registering five point one on the Richter scale. A total of one hundred and seventy four shocks of magnitude. Two point six greater were recorded during those two days. That's a lot. Yeah. So geologists in that area are like look is no not a great sign. Initially. There was no direct sign of eruption but small earthquake induced avalanches of snow and ice were reported from aerial observations. So this mountain is shaking and you know stuff is falling off. It's not it's not nothing. At twelve thirty, six PM on March twenty seventh phreatic eruptions which are explosions of steam caused by magma suddenly heating groundwater. So that's like a quick like spur. Of, like Ash and Steam K ejected and smashed rock from within the old summit crater. Excavating a new crater, two, hundred and fifty feet wide. And sending an ass column about seven thousand feet into the air. So you yeah, knock. Great. So by this date along, east trending fracture system had also developed across the summit area. So there's cracks forming in the summit. This was followed by more earthquake swarms in a series of explosions that said ash even higher above there. And most of this ash fell between three and twelve miles from its fendt. But some was carried hundred fifty miles south to bend Oregon or two hundred and eighty five miles east to spokane Washington. So the ash went pretty far and those who were like what the What is happening here? So? then. A second new crater and a blue flame were observed on March twenty ninth.
The Unfortunate Casualties of an Anti-Biotech Attack
"Today is a really special podcast is an amazing guests that we have that takes us back to the time when the tenor towards genetic engineering was very different back around the turn of the Millennium I. Guess is the turn of the century two two. It was a little bit different field before the Internet really took over the defamation of scientists and career assassination, and those opposed to technology took on other means to solve their problems. At least to. Agitate and we'll talk about that today in an event from two thousand and one and we'll talk more about that in a second speaking with doctor, Toby Bradshaw A. He's a professor emeritus in the Department of Biology at the University of Washington and thank you for joining me today. I really appreciate you being toby. It's a pleasure to be here. Yeah this is really an interesting point in history and I remember when this happened. And in a kind of kind of fell into the background a little bit, but let's set the stage if we go back to two thousand and one. What kind of work were you doing in Merrill Hall at the University of Washington. Since the mid nineteen nineties, I have been working on the genetic adaptation and growth in hybrid poplars. They're fast growing tree. News all around the world, but heavily in the Pacific northwest up to produce. Hebrew products primarily so I was involved with. The early molecular genetics research, including M Gino Mapping. And ultimately identifying traits that were responsible for faster growth, which I had a basic interest in, but which of course the temp companies had a commercial innocent. And where you're working with genetic engineering, or were you really just dealing with hybrids myself? I was only producing hybrid poplars through traditional cross pollination methods that have been used for centuries in in poplars around the world I was also collaborating with Steve Strauss. At Oregon State University on some preliminary work to genetically engineered trees, four different growth form to produce more would in a smaller land area, but I myself had never still have never a genetically engineered a tree. And really the facility that you were working at. It isn't on the campus, right? It's it's the center for Urban Culture and what are the kinds of things that were being done there well. It is technically on the UW. Campuses at the very periphery separated from the main campus by the Union Bay Natural Area A place for I enjoyed bird every day on my walk to work, so that was a nice interlude. Of every day, but the other kinds of work that we're going on at the Center for Urban Horticulture included a restoration ecology primarily for wetland restoration, understanding a plant succession after the eruption of Mount Saint Helen's in nineteen eighty was conservation work for rare plants, going on so rare plants in Washington be propagated for reintroduction into the wild, and that was a particular focus of my colleague I'm single ride card who you will hear more about later and the graduate students in Undergrad who doing their own research, their work on a wide range of topics, including for example how to? Have, urban gardens produce more food for people who otherwise might not be able to afford a fresh vegetables, so it was. A typical horticulture center I, think it most universities where there was a mix of basic research applied research in outreach up to the public in the form of extension. And, so it doesn't sound like this was the you know the the center of the universe of Monsanto or something I mean this sounds like a really practical extension oriented center that had significant roles in community, and and and even just in the regional agriculture's that's. Is that more what it was about yes? Oh, the University of Washington is not a land grant university. It's not an agricultural school. School, in the focus at the UW has always been a basic research and the center. For urban horticulture included in its mission, some applied research and quite a bit of extension and outreach up to the public, so in that way it was different from much of the rest of campus in its mission, but by no means is the University of Washington on any kind of center for plant biotechnology now. It isn't now. Yeah. Good basic biology know basic science and a lot of really good plant people there, but it's Can you give me a little bit of sense? Outside the University of like two, thousand, zero, two, thousand and one, what was the environment like a genetic engineering in your perspective and in your area of the country? What was really happening? Then in that environment, it was an interesting time. The first genetically engineered crops that were planted on a wide scale, had only been in production for less than a decade, so as a relatively new technology on the commercial sector, perceiving though scientists and people who keep up with science for familiar with the progress of genetic engineering. How it was eventually applied in agriculture, get caught a lot of the general public by surprise, and as everyone who's familiar with plant biotechnology knows that can sometimes lead to misunderstandings. And worse at the the first inkling that I had that anyone might be opposed to the kinds of research that I was doing was just a couple of years before in nineteen, ninety nine, when Seattle hosted the World Trade Organization meetings and I had some of my. Poplars. That were growing in pots out in the back forty behind the. Urban Horticulture. Cut Down by vandals during those WTO protests mean. As often happened to these kinds of things at my mind. The damage done to my plants was fairly minimal. Because these are poplars. Cut Him off. They just re grow the we. That's how we actually propagate them through cutting, so it had zero effect on me, but at the same time they went through and cut down all of the older seedlings that a colleague of mine was growing for re, vegetating streamsides in Alder. Don't re sprout after being cut-backs. Again it was one of these ready fire. Aim moments for an activist who really didn't understand. Even the species of trees that they were looking at i. mean did a lot more damage to someone else's research than to mind we might. Research was essentially funded by the wall critics,
Scientists study volcanic lightning
"Opening we're just a couple days away from the fortieth anniversary of mount St Helens nineteen eighty eruption N. as como as Ryan Harris tells us all these years later the mountain is still teaching us lessons there's a lot of learning at mount Saint Helens says Dr Seth Moran the scientist in charge of the U. S. geological survey's cascades volcano observatory who tells me there's still a lot being gleaned from the main event and the eruptions that happened in the weeks and months after to understand the Russian dynamics how the cloud evolved questions right now people are getting into about the generation of volcanic lightning and there was no lighting that was observed and reported and we can see some deposits in a pretty good idea of the timing of some of those deposits relative to say when volcanic lightning was was being generated this other some interesting ideas that are starting to be developed about when volcanic lightning occurs an interruption sequence and what it means when it starts happening in terms of I'm gonna bash in the air how far to go in and things like that Moran says the big lesson though is still the lateral blast in landslide caused by the eruption which broke trees like they were matchsticks or burned everything in its path because of the hot gases that escaped not to mention burying much of the area in deep debris and sending a mud flow down the North Fork of the total river the landslide was what took the pressure off of the magma that intruded into the volcano and I generate the lateral blast and it was certainly appreciated that the bulging of the north flank that was moving out at a rate of five or six feet a day that that was producing a flank that was unstable and it was certainly understood that rockfalls landslides avalanches were in the future if nothing happens but it wasn't appreciated how big that website it wasn't how discontinuous it was gonna it was gonna be Amaran says since then geologists have learned a lot about what deposits from that kind of a landslide looks like around volcanic areas and I've taken that lesson and applied it to volcanoes around the world and it's now much more appreciated by the volcano community that landslides are part of what volcanoes can do and that that is something that in certain situations where you've gotten unstable flank that's obviously building outwards that that's a very real thing that needs to be taken into account when doing hazardous substance those hazard assessments are important because doctor Moran reminds me of something we should all keep in mind not only is mount St Helens still active but source several other cascade volcanoes including mount
"saint helen" Discussed on KOMO
"Telling the story of what was happening that day wasn't as easy as it is today, because the technology for reporting live from ounce ain't Helen simply wasn't available. Bob, thrones took the anchor desk and did the best he could now KOMO news. Four sunday. Mount Saint Helen's will never be the same again. This morning's violent eruption has killed at least five people at least three others are still reported missing. Air force reserve rescue crew choppers spotted two bodies at a warehouse or logging camp and officers said the two apparently killed by intense heat. The black cloud of smoke and toward billowed up from the top of mount Saint Helen's shortly after eight thirty this morning, one eyewitness described this day as looking like the end of the world, the end started at eight thirty two AM when too strong quakes measuring five or five point one on the Richter scale rocked volcano, almost simultaneously by a rolling series of harmonic tremor, showing magma molten rock on the move. Deep inside the volcano seven minutes later eight thirty nine at tremendous blast. A blast heard as far away as Vancouver British Columbia, a blast. Some say that rocked the courthouse in port Angeles smoke and ask billowed, sixty six thousand feet almost ten miles above the summit of the ninety six hundred foot math. That's longtime KOMO TV and radio. Reporter and anchor. Bob, along with Ryan Harris from ABC news, Tech Trends, anew smartphone enters the Android market manufacturer one plus pulled the wraps off its new flagship, the seven pro comes with dual speakers, and dedicated zen mode that limits. The phone's functionality in an effort to cut down on distractions. The pro also sports a motorized selfie camera, which has prompted durability questions. One plus junk response if you ever device drop device sensit- and the camera retracts into the into the device itself wireless charging is not included on the seven pro despite competitors like apple. And Samsung offering the feature John says they focused on a different aspect of charging speed of charging the.
"saint helen" Discussed on KOMO
"Sunday teeth at eight thirty two AM, while a group was preparing to go on a second caravan, geologist David Johnston, who made this ominous prediction? I wouldn't to be here to talk about it. We'd probably be killed was on a ridge watching the mountain when he realized he only had time to scramble for his radio and shout Vancouver Vancouver. This is it ham. Radio operator Jerry Martin would also make his final transmission. The story of what was happening that they wasn't as easy as it is today, because the technology reporting live from out, Saint Helen, simply wasn't available. But Bob, thrones took the anchor desk and did the best he could now KOMO news. Four sunday. Mount Saint Helen's will never be the same again. This morning's violent eruption has killed at least five people at least three others are still reported missing. Air force reserve rescue crew choppers spot to bodies a warehouse or logging camp. Officer said the two apparently killed by intense heat. The black cloud of smoke and toward billowed up from the top amount, Saint Helen shortly after eight thirty this morning, one eyewitness described this day as looking like the end of the world, the end started at eight thirty two AM when too strong quakes measuring five or five point one on the Richter scale rocked volcano, almost simultaneously by a rolling series of harmonic tremor, showing magma molten rock on the move. Deep inside the volcano seven minutes later eight thirty nine tremendous black. A blast heard as far away as Vancouver British Columbia, a blast. Some say that rock the courthouse in port Angeles, smoke and Asheville, sixty six thousand feet almost ten miles above the summit of the ninety six hundred foot math. That's longtime KOMO TV and radio. Reporter and anchor Bob thrown along with komo's Ryan Harris from ABC news Tech Trends, a new smartphone enters the Android market manufacturer one plus pulled the wraps off its new.
"saint helen" Discussed on WRVA
"Twenty three. Yeah. It's a couple dozen people. I think it's you know, they say they still think it's probably gonna go a little higher. They say all twenty three victims now have been identified and they're hoping that it's not gonna go anymore. But the youngest victim was six years old. I mean brutal. You just look at this entire towns. Just completely. It was crazy. Tornadoes are I I've lived all over the country. I I lived in Seattle area when mount Saint Helen's went off. You know as long as you're not living on the mountain or where a lava lava can flow. I've not lived in California earthquakes and mudslides. I've lived I've lived through an earthquake before scare the hell out of ya. I think tornadoes are the worst. You'd never know whether coming right? There's not 'cause like hurricanes are a big thing. But you know, we lived in Florida, and, you know, hurricanes were three times if you at least have a warning, and it can be very devastating. But at least you have warned the there's especially when they come at night a tornado coming at night. I mean, you don't even have any more close to an opportunity to do anything about it. He just hunker down and hope and pray, and you know, it's all you can do. They're so scary. My kids are so afraid of because of the tornado sirens will go off probably once a year. Near our house. Sometimes they've gone off. I think three times in a season and scares the hell out of the kids. Just scares the hell out of do you have like separate shelter type of situation. We have one we have one in the house. But it's not a, you know, it's not like a bomb shelter, but we can go underneath the house, which is where you're supposed to go. But it's it's terrifying. It's terrifying. People who have built shelters because I looked into shelter. And I was like, you know, build one right outside the house. They said don't build it outside of the house because if you build it outside of the house, you will go in one time, and then you'll sit there, and you wait maybe two times, but you're gonna get wet going out of the house going into the shelter. And then what you do is. You're like, well, you know, what we'll wait until it gets really bad. Yeah. And then it's too late. You know, it's interesting the documentary twister that many shows the idea that you could just hold onto a pipe in the middle of a field as a five tornado. Sure. Not actually the case. Nah. Actually the case. Now, I know following it with ping pong balls. Well, that's okay. You can definitely okay? Okay. Good. They in Philip Seymour. Hoffman is somehow still always there. But it just doesn't seem like it's one of those things that necessarily is a is a good idea. They they're talking to a couple who was hit by a tornado like this several years ago survived it, and they were saying that we that's what we did. We just tried to hold onto something. And it doesn't matter. How are you onto it? It just takes you throws you across. And they actually were thrown in the air survived it, which is incredible. I mean, we think about it. You think of that the thing about tornados that are so difficult. We had those tornadoes a couple of years ago, they were really devastating that we talked about. And for those out there chanting global warming at their radios. There is no trend factors as slight decrease in the trend and the amount of hurricane Erika tornadoes that are hitting our country over the past hundred years. So that's a BS talking point in case you happen to be interested in that. But you you look at a town that is completely devastated and dozens. People die and then they showed drone footage. They zoom out and the streets right next door completely fine. Oh, it's crazy. Localized it can be. And honestly, you're you know, you're the number one defense against tornadoes is statistics. Because it's unlikely you're going to get hit by one. But if unless you live in Moore Oklahoma, but even if you live in Moore, Oklahoma. I mean, you know, your chances are low that you're going to get hit. But it seems to always get why it's a little teeny town why you'd always forms over moral Mahama. I when I went to see more when it was really devastated. The last time. We went out. And did you go with me still? No, I do not. So I went out, and we drove all night to get there to get supplies and water, and you know, everything else, and we got there and on one side of the street, complete and total devastation. Nothing was left. And my grandfather used to talk. He grew up in. I think and he said tornadoes used to come through. And he said they would the winds were so strong that they would drive straw and drive them into the telephone poles. And sides of barns would have straw sticking out of it. And I found that so hard to believe and understand growing up. And when I went to more it had taken the house across the street and made it into a pulp and sprayed right across the street sprayed. This whole side of this movie theater with this pulp that was somebody's life. Just a few minutes before and everything on that side of the street was fine, except it was covered in this two inches of pulp that was a house. I mean, it's incredible to see the power of these things. Yeah. More Oklahoma has been hit by. I mean depends on how you calculate major. Right. But since nineteen ninety nine they had one in one thousand nine hundred thirty six people injured five hundred eighty three then two thousand three had injured one hundred and thirty four two thousand ten had a tornado that killed two injured forty nine two thousand thirteen had a tornado that killed twenty four and injured two hundred twelve I think that's what I was. Yeah. That's probably the one you were that was I mean, I remember that one. But I mean, that's since one thousand nine nine four major tornadoes. Why why is the is giving you money why why leave more Oklahoma? Why again like look at this. You're talking how many I mean, I don't know the population of more of my head. But you're talking about sixty two people in twenty years, but died from tornadoes, but you have a tornado coming through. I mean, how many tornadoes have you had? I've never had a tornado. Oh, come anywhere in my town since we've lived here. I don't think that's I mean, there've been maybe not in your town. But in our area,.
"saint helen" Discussed on The Skeptics' Guide to the Universe
"Back to January of two thousand eighteen where the headline reads Alaska earthquake fears grow for mount Saint Helens volcano eruption after eight point two magnitude quake triggered to NAMI warnings off the coast of Alaska spark spirit, would awaken America's most deadly volcano mount Saint Ellen. Aunt didn't. But it was sleeping deeply apparent. That was about as close as it came. I did go to the website volcanoes dot US dot gov in which they monitor things like volcano activity in the United States for mount Saint Helens and others and for every two week period. They give reports on here's how it read current volcano alert level normal current aviation color code green, therefore, and that's how it was all two weeks twenty six of them throughout the year. There was no threat of volcano eruption mount Saint Helen's. So it's a fail. Number two significant impact event. It's also fail. Roy two thousand eighteen LA explodes over butts wanna way. June fourth two thousand eighteen yes. And they have video of on impact -nificant for and it didn't impact. Yes. So that's. Fail. Now. Third one to get you mad props for the third one. Evan. Get to the third. I have a second candidate for my second. Alright. Alright meteor exploded over Greenland over again to two point one kilotonnes of energy to gun skirt event was an explosion over to they call that that it had an impact on. Did. But if it's that bad thing say meteor impacts, Greenland or explodes into Greenland. Here's my other question oven were these more significant than any year previously. Pretty standard kind of average. Yeah. Well, you know, these things do happen every, but but but nothing peaked up only one kilotonnes of energy released. That's that's significant. That's that's more than the atomic explosions back in nineteen forty five. So that's but okay. I don't think so we're like twenty kilotonnes Rochambeau bomb was fifteen kilotonnes. Aga sake was twenty Russia, right? Hey, bob. Good job. I know my so well that's zero. But then as St. was alluding to my third prediction was Croatia. Forty to one. Odds would win the World Cup. Close. Main close a fine of they they made it to the finals where really this is considered a shot. Very few people predicted this would happen. They're a relatively little country. Let's put it out put it in the context. There's a here's a how one paper described it essentially as a rule small countries do not play in the World Cup. Final only thirteen countries on earth ever made the final aside from these most recent participants of France and Croatia and only big countries have ever played for the Cup in the modern era. It's been over fifty years since there was a final that didn't feature one of the following Brazil, Germany, Argentina Italy, Spain Netherlands or France. So if you went with any of those countries, you know, you'd be kind of playing the odds that yeah, it'd be getting it. But so to go with Croatia's pick is a pretty bolt pick. And I must say I paid attention to the world. I I'm sorry. The rest of the world. But I really did. And I was very excited as Croatia did a fantastic job in the in the tournament. And so if they won right up there right from prediction. Yeah. I agree. I agree. So I'll get myself up a point for them. All right. Do you want three new ones up two thousand nineteen? Here we go number one a photograph of a black hole. Oh, yes. It's gonna happen this year. Yeah. But drawn getting that. Graf the first photograph of a black hole. Actual photograph. We shall see. Number two, a universal flu vaccine will be ready for testing,.
"saint helen" Discussed on KGO 810
"I got a little bit of smokey voice as any and all of us you here in the bay area. Alex stack is in the house. Thanks for being here. Alex, listen, if you have smoking voice, I really, oh, yeah. So Alex, south of San Francisco, I lived to the north. But again as part of the bay area, we're being blanketed by this tragedy has happened to the north in our hearts, go out to any and all that are suffering in the immediate area of paradise, California, the former paradise California, and the campfire that still still raging and we're feeling the the fallout literally from that is smoking ashes still making San Francisco by some measures single most air polluted city of its size on on the planet. Right now. It's reminiscent to me Alex is I was driving into the show today. And I'm looking at the. The shielded sun coming through. What would normally be a clear day of happen to live up in the north west when mount Saint Helen's blew jeez. Yeah. Well, I mean that was more. But it's just it's one of these cataclysmic events that happened that reminds us both a changing and fragile planet that were that were living on here. And part of the reason we're talking about this transformation of transportation, you know, number of the topics include congestion and safety, but one of them, of course, it's pollution. And obviously, this is this is a deal that's much more. A bigger or more in than anything that we can talk about every now, and then that that comes up I happened to be when I was driving in today. Also behind a hydrogen car. It was interesting again, hydrogen one of the forms of zero emissions where you can using hydrogen essentially water vapor coming out of the back, drip, drip, drip, drip, drip. That's her sound effects engineer. Working on it. Stacey is joining the show. Also, as she always does she is has to remove her her air mask to she'll be ready in just a minute here and her scuba system as she came. Yeah. Writes her bikes through the city, and we're reminded also that it was kind of a clever license plate on that hydrogen vehicle h tube tech, which you don't need the two because h I'd Rogen. But that's okay. You know, maybe he had each one with the other vehicle the. He had a hydrogen seven BMW that he had that play on the first one. Yeah. So, you know, when we talk about some of the changes that we're seeing obviously one of them is in power train is in a, you know, whether it's an internal combustion engine, and I'm gonna you know, the internal combustion engine that we're driving right now is amazing. It's so much more competent than the vehicle of old in their more powerful. And. Was an objection. It was as Stacy how you doing Charlie? I'm I'm doing fine. Save the air that you had to cut with a fork and knife. Yeah. Get your voice to it's an all of our voices is this is the thing. You know? It's like we say we're talking about the transformation of transportation people. We need to transform. This is just. It's really scary. It's really scary to think that this whole city is partially shut down that people are in their homes and sometimes their quality in their homes isn't even safe enough. And then Meanwhile, I think about the people in Hyderabad and Beijing who've lived through this or do it on a regular basis. Palese people complaining in a couple of things that you just touch on. Stacey. When you talked about shutdown school systems kids going to school from a sporting standpoint. This is the big. Game day weekend between the big game. Which is of course, Stanford and cow. They plan. No offer a couple of weeks and. Preserving their their athletes. Take what you've listened for them to make many people for sale, you know, travel plans et cetera et cetera. So so part of the reason we see a lot of the development in the things happening in this area is because of this weather that we have this not very extreme. We don't have that that hard winter. But now any of us that grew up or lived in the northern part of our country. You remember snow days? I mean, this is essentially smoke day. So your kids vital difference. Are fun snowball fights and snowmen and come inside and have been begin with the letter as but. Yeah, you're right. I wasn't waiting for the slam down on that. I was just saying it was disruptive easy to dunk on. Because this is this is hell scape. You know? I do have to say I had my mask on. It was a little tougher to ride. The jump didn't seem to be helping me out as much as I would have liked. But I was I was glad there weren't so many cars on the road. Not just for. Hey makes an easier path for me, but that's contributing to noticeable difference. Oh my gosh. Yeah. It's a it's I'd say less than a quarter of what it is normally. Which was a pleasant ride for me other than the air mask. You know? Well, the the the crazy reversal of things normal is it Stacy, and I were attending a an event transportation in Los Angeles and effectively leaving the cleaner air of Los Angeles to the dirtier air, San francis-. I was like oh my gosh. Can you imagine that we've come this far LA known for smog? The you know that just crushing people on a daily basis at for a long years of time. This was an occurrence and LA was fastly cleaner. In fact, this the the fills San Franciscans there were like, why are you going home? And I'm like 'cause I gotta do the show. And I gotta tell people we need to change because otherwise, they wouldn't know. I don't know if you've heard that was the bike ride long from Los Angeles. Or do you have a burning aluminum to know? I know I know five jumped bike flying along. Yes, I'm Brian. Let them lead them up relay style for me. Jump charged network. And don't think don't think that. I I didn't think about that. But it did make me take a pool. It have. I mean, I'm landing at two in the morning. Okay. It would be really because the flights are delayed. I was supposed to you know, because the you know, this was the single runway. Yeah. And so in fine fine. You know, but I would have been very easy for me to take my own personal Uber or lift. But instead, I was like no you can't do that don't be a hypocrite and go up there and get in the pool. And so there were three of us three single people getting dropped off, you know. So we're almost like a bus. None of which are running at two o'clock in the morning from SFO to SF. I believe Sam chance goes once an hour from that. But it was. Yeah. Every hour. So here's decisions that are being made in. And I made my decision was to fly into Oakland coming back from Los Angeles. Instead of San Francisco it was made some time ago. But just because again, sometimes if a flight is going to be delayed. It's one of the shorter or more local flights in in this case from the Los Angeles area to the the bay area. But it's an interesting these are all aspects, and of course, station ever geeked out because we'd spent you had been there. Two days. I spent a couple of hours at this LA commotion which is again talking about mobility in urban settings in how municipalities and regulatory agencies not only would the technologies change with all of this. We're talking about cars, and we're gonna we're gonna continue to do that. I wanna make sure everybody knows that. But the other aspect of the smoke is going to get into it. But of course, the conversation came up about the overall 'cause is again the extremes in climate. Climate change, and, you know, obviously, same California suffering through extremes in in any and all the fires in the tragedy with some of the things that happened recently wasn't necessarily may have started as been part of a forest fire described that way, but really became a community fire over time. And it's really too bad. And unfortunately, the other aspect of transportation that we will come up consistently in this show is how or what responsibility does personal transportation have in evacuating. How'd you leave these places, and where these people are being found where they were trying to escape, and maybe they were caught up in their car trying to get out. And and when we get to a point when we talk about me, maybe you're not going to own a car. Maybe there isn't going to be one of you're gonna share ride. How does share ride work in an emergency your evacuation situation? I would love to talk with people who are brighter than myself about this. And really think on it because it is something that is a big contention about a ton of Mus vehicles, shared vehicles, etc. Like, how does this stuff work, but I do. You know, anecdotally from the stories I've read about the campfire our fire that we've are contending with north. Is that people the the the the true all the cars alongside the road that are burned out that people had to flee on foot or a bus was coming by and people had to jump on it like police were pulling people out of vehicles to get on this bus. I know that one of the buses they had to jump off of that and run too. I mean, but this was I mean, this is just we haven't experienced anything like this. No in in a lot of a lot of different things going on here. You know, unfortunately, we're naming our fires. We have been accustomed to naming a hurricane back in the day. And it's a kind of a disingenuous name campfire. I mean, it seems like so sad and scary scary as the town's name of paradise. Yeah. And and again because a campfire seem so benign and small and things like this. And this single we're strategy, but we're talking about the transformation of transportation. We're talking about how we move around. What what affects any of this has on our future on different aspects of our lives. We're going to try and make it a little bit more. Cheerful as we're broadcasting from the smoke filled while the streets outside or fill were in the studios here ten in beautiful downtown San Francisco as we're all a witness to this tragedy. That's happened to the north flying car. Eight ten Caja. We'll be back right after this. Have you heard metro by t mobile now includes Amazon prime? Yes, enjoy the best of shopping and entertainment movies, TV shows music,.
18 U.S. volcanoes pose "very high threat"
"Government says eighteen new US volcanoes are at a very high risk threat. The US Geological Survey is now classifying eighteen US volcanoes as a very high threat because of what's happening inside them. And how close are located two people. It's the first time the government has updated its threat assessment since two thousand five with Hawaii's kill away at the top of the rankings. That's the volcano that began arriving earlier this year also in the top five or mount Saint Helens in mount rainier, both in Washington state, Alaska's readout volcano and California's mount Shasta a dozen volcanoes have jumped in threat level since thirteen years ago. However, twenty others have dropped there are currently one hundred sixty one
"saint helen" Discussed on KTOK
"The in Utah Dugway reminded me of a well known recording of police officers in Saint Helens, Oregon. They said they saw a light a bright light on the Columbia River at four thirty in the morning or four twenty three in the morning, and they wanted to be able to record the sound of this ship. The spaceship is it was taking off from the Columbia. And I wanted to play you that moment against you can hear how it compares to the other sounds you've heard so here's that recording of the police officers recording to take off your foe. Hundred. Are. So.
"saint helen" Discussed on KCBS All News
"Church Rolling Stones Anthony Curtis says it's. A great loss to the music world in classical music jazz Rb so perform with rock. Artists always with an incredible individual stamped former President Barack Obama and Michelle Obama said she helped us feel more connected to each other more hopeful more human and sometimes she helped us just forget about everything else and dance CBS news special report I'm Pam Coulter KCBS news time ten. Thirty two and Ohio man may. Be released. From the hospital today after being found nearly a week after, he disappeared On the slopes of an active volcano in Washington state Matthew math math Matheny was. Reported missing last Thursday after his. Car was discovered on mount Saint Helen's trail CBS's Don daler reports. That methane he told friends that. He stayed alive by eating berries and B's Matthew Matheny. Went missing and one of the, most remote parts of the country wearing little more. Than a t shirt and flip flops and while the odds may have been. Stacked. Against him, the former boy scout was found in far better shape than anyone ever. Expected I am just in such shock and such relief Matthew Matheny friends celebrated his rescue and really still kind of in disbelief in just happy I can't wait to see in. After days of searching their friend had finally been found he has been a trooper obviously. I thought I thought we might not see him again Matheny ordeal began last Thursday when he borrowed a friend's car and drove to a popular hiking area Near mount Saint Helen's when he didn't return his friends reported him missing he. Basically said, he stumbled out into the canyon and lost his pack actually found his sunglasses in as a. Clue his car was parked here. Volunteer rescue team spent six days combing through steep canyons and shouting Matthews name until he was found he was miles around the other side of the mountain and he hiked he was closer to actually. Alzheimer's bivouac then he would be from here so he, had covered a lot of ground Matheny told friends he survived by eating berries. And even b.'s he got stung forty fifty times. And every time he gets done you just smacking it matinees parents who traveled to Washington. From Ohio told reporters that it's no surprise that their. Son a one time boy scout. Who is now a nurse. Was, able to survive it was a boy scout and. One. Of my friends texted me earlier said that's a heck of a way to get your eagle badge Bath near was airlifted to an area hospital where he's. Listed in satisfactory condition he, was being treated for dehydration after not having water for nearly a week officials say Matheny had spent. Just one.
Omarosa: Tape has Trump campaign aides spinning use of N-word
"When he borrowed a friend's car to go for. A day hike the car was found last weekend at blue lake trail had in college county people who were hiking in the area. Say they saw so One matching. The description on the blue lake trail near. Mande Saint, Helen's they all that also, coincides with his last cell phone. Saito searchers are concentrating on that area there are also using virtual search software that. Allows them to estimate how far and wear a hiker might go Oregon's unemployment rate is three point nine percent. That's, the lowest since comparable records started being kept in nineteen Seventy-six employment department economists Nick belajack says business is good, Oregon has been adding a lot of jobs lately in July. We
18 fires are burning in California, ash raining down in Washington
"Distressful lobster lot By the way we're living thousands of evacuees waiting and watching as the biggest wildfire in California history burns about one hundred miles north. Of San Francisco there are eighteen large active wildfires in that state. In central Washington ash is raining from the sky across Winthrop as to wildfires burned south of the metal valley Fausto for lives in, Winthrop and says she saw a. Giant Plymouth smoke last night was like a little mini mount Saint Helen's almost it was gray and got bigger and bigger, and, bigger like wow something really blew. Up back there the family of a hiker missing for a week in the north cascades. Is holding out hope, she'll. Be, found okay Samantha sayers future. Brother in law, Michael dare says she's. Tough and fit people survived up the twenty eight days. In the woods so I don't think we should give, up so, easy the fans that type of person she wanted to give up. On anybody her so sayers left last week to hike Vesper peak, in Snohomish county but never
"saint helen" Discussed on KIRO Radio 97.3 FM
"The have, the AC on more than you should be as what the letter to say Right So there there's my catch twenty two, leaving so I should have it on right now and I'm not at. Home. Correct Some that's something that's, something on immediately when it's. Cold and then it will actually fight to keep the room there and not. Drop, the, temperature but maintain a cold temperature. That's, what the, now. I'm cooling a place that I'm not at all day no, no you don't to have it running well I mean yeah but if you started at a lower temperature and maintain that you'll be spending less energy getting it there because it. Probably clicks on an office probably built in term instead of some sort. Of Oh that's so again like my turn the light off when you leave Regarding along along Musk's attempt from the. 360 the British diver was very rude in his rejection of submarine unnecessarily so the British diver. Who found the boys was telling me long, to continue working on it and while Alonzo response was a tattoo. Much I, was raised British and per, my dad sometimes rudeness begets rudeness so yes you. Law, needed to apologize, but that's diver needed to do so as well You know what we know when you're the billionaire in the room in. You own the multiple companies that are publicly, traded and one crappy submarine you gotta take the high road the. Other guy, lives in Thailand is a, diver like you gotta know you gotta lane man There's there's no biographies on. The New York Times bestseller list. About this diver you gotta, stay in your lane regarding the mount Saint Helen's story from, the.
"saint helen" Discussed on News Radio 1190 KEX
"Good afternoon I'm. Gayle Cunningham our top story Cornelius pass road remains closed between the, sunset highway Saint Helen's road because of an earlier brushfire at skyline. Your best alternate. Is old Cornelius. Pass road a ten thousand dollar reward. Is offered now for information in the disappearance of a mother from Kaiser who went missing, year, ago Cynthia Martinez was last seen at the tequila nights bar on July sixteenth of two. Thousand seventeen her mother. Tells KTAR she's been raising cynthia's for children. And hopes they'll be reunited with, their mother her babies later back Ask them and Pick up Kaiser police say Cynthia left the bar, with two men police named Hymie Alvarez Alvarez as a person of interest, in the case but they haven't been able. To find him anyone with information is asked to, contact Kaiser police a man revived after being underwater in the sandy river at Glen auto park for twenty three. Minutes has died this witness. Tells KTAR news the man jumped from the Trump Dale bridge without. A life jacket he didn't come up and his friends started looking for him so and everybody started to. Call his name and so everybody started running over there trying to help trying to swim over to help rescuers pulled demand from the water. And performed CPR they got a heartbeat, by the time the ambulance arrived, at a hospital but the man later died at least three people are dead in Florida after two small planes collided in mid air today over the Everglades not far from. Miami executive airport President Trump says he misspoke yesterday when he said he didn't have any reason to believe that Russia was involved in election meddling. Should have been I don't see any reason. Why I wouldn't it, wouldn't be rush So Just to repeat. It I said the word would instead of what Trump made it clear to reporters at the White House today that he believes the US intelligence communities assessment that Russia did interfere in the two thousand sixteen. Election but now Senate Democratic, leader Chuck Schumer is demanding hearings on President Trump's summit with. Putin Oregon's jobless rate hits a new. Record low key Xs Bradford's as businesses are having a tough time filling job, openings employment rate of four percent is the lowest since nineteen seventy..
"saint helen" Discussed on AM 1350 WEZS
"And catastrophic kind of thing like mount saint helen's did in nineteen eighty but they're saying they don't think so they think they're very different than it probably won't happen they're different in composition and style and all of that the magma what lava is called when it's still underground is thick and sticky in mount saint helen's like cold peanut butter so it's more violent explosions kill away as lava is running like honey so it's different they hope anyway because it doesn't look good and certainly kill away has had violent explosions in the past but you have to go way back fifteen hundred to eighteen hundred different time my friends but over the past couple of weeks lava from kilowatt has consumed about two dozen homes pretty close to the volcanoes crater in about two thousand people had to be evacuated from the danger zone and some of the pictures are absolutely crazy whatever search engine you have you have to promise me go and look at these photos they're nuts but people are not getting so ridiculously close we're taking new not close but inside the man cave next here on america tonight it's a no brainer a bigberkeywaterfilters the one you.
"saint helen" Discussed on AM 1350 WEZS
"And catastrophic kind of thing like mount saint helen's did in nineteen eighty but they're saying they don't think so they think they're very different and it probably won't happen through different in composition and style and all of that the magma what lava is called when it's still underground is thick and sticky in mount saint helen's like cold peanut butter so it's more violent explosions kill away as lava is running like honey so it's different they hope anyway because it doesn't look good it certainly has had violent explosions in the past but you have to go way back fifteen hundred to eighteen hundred different time my friends but over the past couple of weeks law for from kilowatt as consumed about two dozen homes pretty close to the volcanoes crater in about two thousand people had to be evacuated from the danger zone and there's some of the pictures are absolutely crazy whatever search engine you have you have to promise me go and look at these photos they're nuts but people are not getting so ridiculously close we're taking you not close but inside the man cave next here on america tonight most of you know that heart disease is the number one silent killer.
"saint helen" Discussed on AM 1350 WEZS
"And catastrophic kind of thing like mount saint helen's did in nineteen eighty but they're saying they don't think so they think they're very different and it probably won't happen they're different in composition and style and all of that the magma what lava is called when it's still underground is thick and sticky in mount saint helen's like cold peanut butter so it's more violent explosions kill away as lava is running like honey so it's different they hope anyway because it doesn't look good it certainly kill away has had violent explosions in the past but you have to go way back fifteen hundred to eighteen hundred different time my friends but over the past couple of weeks lava from kilowatt as consumed about two dozen homes pretty close to the volcanoes crater in about two thousand people had to be evacuated from the danger zone and there's some of the pictures are absolutely crazy whatever search engine you have you have to promise me go and look at these photos they're nuts but people are not getting so ridiculously close we're taking you not close but inside the man cave next here on america tonight it's a no.
"saint helen" Discussed on AM 1350 WEZS
"In so i was probably dealing with the same third party situation that cheese dealing with not good not good all right other odds and ends and that really technically is what over all this segment is is about so in doing that let's talk about it let's talk about a couple of different things including in just in a general sense what's happening in hawaii people al posting pictures of themselves where they have all canna cash and they're being blown up from the ash but it's not funny because people are taking crazy risks it could explode into a deadly and catastrophic kind of thing like mount saint helen's did in nineteen eighty but they're saying they don't think so they think they're very different than it probably won't happen they're different in composition and style and all of that the magma what lava is called when it's still underground is thick and sticky in mount saint helen's like cold peanut butter so it's more violent the explosions killer ways lava is running your like honey so it's different they hope anyway because it doesn't look good it certainly has had violent explosions in the past but you have to go way back fifteen hundred to eighteen hundred different time my friends but over the past couple of weeks lava from kilowatt has consumed about two dozen homes pretty close to the volcanoes crater in about two thousand people had to be evacuated from the danger zone and the some of the pictures are absolutely crazy whatever search engine you have you have to promise me go and look at these photos they're nuts but people are not getting so ridiculously close we're taking you not close but inside the man cave next here on america tonight.
"saint helen" Discussed on KOMO
"I'm sure he wasn't talking to you about the same thing but still the ring of fire or circum pacific bell follows the coasts of south america north america eastern asia australia and new zealand the ring of fire is located along the edges of the pacific ocean liz westby as a geologist with the us geological survey cascades volcano observatory in vancouver washington in the shade of mount saint helen's take a look at the ring of fire there's a easily four hundred and fifty volcanoes along the ring of fire summer active in summer dormant and so this is the most seismically and volcanically active area in the world now is in the middle west says while the activity and proximity of killer way is causing some executive in a very general sense they're all the volcanoes the magma's are all generated in this very similar way but they're very localized system for example she says with the mount saint helen's eruptions in one thousand nine hundred eighty two thousand four it did not produce any other eruption along cascade range that we do not anticipate that there will be an eruption from any other volcanoes as a result of what's going on in hawaii diety really comes in the unpredictability of it all but says west there is trackability with gps and other equipment sell they kind of know where the magma is and where it could be producing building up pressure to produce another fisher and then we're also tracking earthquakes as to what's going on we have researchers down there and field crews and they're measuring cracks because oftentimes that will be the first thing that happens we'll be a crack begins to form and so we are down there we can't forecast where things are going to occur because again the the earth system there is somewhat complex and we can't predict with great certainty that a fisher is going to erupt in a certain location or not but we're down there tracking and hoping to stay ahead of the movement to give a heads up to anyone who may be in harm's way i'm jim roope it's thirteen after a bruin gulf storm could accelerate the start of hurricane season when america in the morning returns after these messages either is or isn't when it comes down to it that's all that really matters when choosing a certified preowned mercedesbenz it's either certified by mercedes benz factory trained technicians or isn't it's.
"saint helen" Discussed on KTLK 1130 AM
"Number four remember mount saint helens cool the question was sam do you remember nope i know it is that's a bad thing this all hawaii volcano situation is raising some concerns of a rupture along the west coast to from the associated press the eruption of a hawaii volcano in the pacific ring of fire has experts experts aware lee eyeing volcanic a volcanic peaks on america's west coast that are also part of the gop geologically active region the west coast is home to an eight hundred mile chain of thirteen volcanoes from washington state's mount baker to california's lassen peak include mount saint helen's who is spectacular nineteen eighty eruption in the pacific northwest kill dozens of people and sent volcanic ash across the country and massive mount rainier which towers over the seattle metro area i don't know if you guys know this but drew my fell into a burning ring fire you know i went down i went to i went down down down saying i don't know if the flames they went higher boy you know it's not gonna stop burn burn burn the ring of fire that isn't i love that song waiting for the acknowledgement dad jokes liz west species a geologist at the us geological survey cascades spokane no observatory in vancouver washington which is in the shadow of mount saint helen's she said there's moving he's out she said there's lots of exile out there they see destruction and people get nervous i don't play absolutely if i lived near or around the volcano i would probably always be nervous but even more so right now killilea on hawaii's big island is threatening to blow its top in coming days or weeks after sputtering lava for a week i two thousand people to evacuate engage in negotiations with it trump tweet about it a little bit you'll make it feel bad kilowatt is destroying two dozen homes and threatening a geothermal plant experts are fearing that the volcano could hurl ash and boulders the size of refrigerators miles into the air there's there were further reports this morning even since this story came out of new fishers that have been opening up in the in the region it's it's it's getting it's really interesting to watch the coverage because it's getting worse but it's like one of the few times the media's holding back i feels like the media's going.
"saint helen" Discussed on Serious Inquiries Only
"Yeah like that one's actually quite quite friendly it's the one that doesn't have big disasters associated with it or the east africa rift zone or ice lind both actually are places where the plates are pulling apart so over and that you get a really specific type of disasters depending on what type of tectonic battery rat and you get specific types of kano's like as you get the really mean nasty volcanoes you get mount saint helen's get krakatoa you get all the ones that create giant enormous eruptions that kill everybody like that's what happens zones hawaii has cain owes but they're friendly kind of okay knows they're ones that have love that kind of bourbon than even walkaway from it is that it's a hot spot so it is not a gap in the cockpit handle hundred eating it up and it's heating up ozanich crust in oceanic crust does not have much silica content which means the gas can escape really easily somewhere this continental crust are of more solid land has more silica it tracks the gas gas builds up pressure in everything explodes in chaos death so it's a huge difference in what type of disasters you're gonna get right yes so there's there's no gap in hawaii no it's a hot spot so they could have done the line we're coming up on a hot spot somewhere near hawaii and had to be completely one hundred percent accurate and that like my problem is that you've got such drastically different disasters that i don't want someone thinking about hawaii when i'm talking about seduction zone earthquakes and i mean mount saint helen's really big different never thought about that that's why so there's not really any like huge risk of a giant eruption in hawaii then now i mean you like slow moving lava can still kill people if you're terrorists like lay in the path address.
"saint helen" Discussed on KOA 850 AM
"Chemicals in the magma so something like mount saint helen's suv you have a lot of courts in the magnet makes it sticky traps gases and steam and turns explosive it killilea it's a much less courts rich magma it doesn't hold onto the gas is the same way and when it wraps the it just flows out over the ground with lava and you have none of these really explosive events can we really defend ourselves against any of these absolutely right now the volcanoes are the hardest when volcanoes erupt that's going to erupt and there's not a lot you can do about that you can probably get out of the way so it depends on what you mean by defend if you're saving your life sure you get out of the way you just you know you you've lost your farmlands you've lost your house or whatever earthquakes we can't get out of the way we don't know when they're coming but we can build buildings that don't fall down and it is quite possible if you just choose to do it to have a building that's quite resilient to to earthquakes and you can build they now have developed waterpipes that don't break actually los angeles has come to a long term process but they've committed and started down at a switching out the the water pipes in the ground with earthquake resilient pipe so we'll still have water after the earthquake dr lucie jones with us her book is called the big ones or website linked up at coast to coast am dot com by the way do you think do you make predictions lucy not averse quakes no okay and i make statements of reliable scientific fact like there will be an earthquake in california today because that's accurate exactly the magnitude right and in the long run i mean the probability of a.