18 Burst results for "Roy Kerr"

"roy kerr" Discussed on The Science Show

The Science Show

06:40 min | Last month

"roy kerr" Discussed on The Science Show

"Wrote to cargo Ravelli and asked him. This was his reply. In a non rotating black hole there no closed time like. But in a rotating one so-called Kerr blackhall, there are, and you referred me to a book on black holes by Derek. Rain and Edwin Thomas from the University of Leicester which you to flee read. It was not mention of rotating black holes in Raviolis book. The assertion time goes round in circles was offered without qualification. This is at least mall misleading and I eve reader like me could be forgiven for concluding that if they lived long enough, that could weakness. They're on birth. Yet at least mathematically or pathologically. It seems Ravelli is correct. As Rain and Thomas Writing the book on Black Holes. The metric exhibits another interesting pathology. It contains closed time like curves along which an observer would appear to be able to travel into his or her own past. Well, that's almost right for his Ryan and Thomas go onto explain. These closed time like paths occur only in the region that is a negative distance from a black hole singularity. In the region where are is less than zero. Now, what my dismay! What is negative distance? Or a circle with negative radius. Somewhat euphemistically. Raining tonight described this so-called pathology as a topic. and qualify their observation with the following. The exotic properties of the curse solution interior to the event horizon. Do, not represent the situation in a black hole that is formed by collapsing matter. Well. I guess that settles it. For what other kinds of black hole are there? Or do black holes also create themselves from nothing? I'm convinced look further. That game nine hundred and sixty to the mathematician Roy Patrick Kerr found an exact solution to the Einstein field equations of relativity, and with a colleague Alfred Shield described the space time geometry, the so-called car shield metric of rotating uncharged black blackhall's. This geometry describes the singularity at the center of a black hole as a ring. And closed time like loops as trajectories that pass through that ring. For his work on black holes could was awarded the two thousand sixteen crafoord prize for astronomy by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. Actor Symposium Commemorating his award. Kerr explained that this ring singularity at the center of Blackhall is not physical. It's just a mathematical artifact, and you couldn't get down there and pass through it. Even if it was physical, it's not physically possible to pass through singularity. So, according to Roy Kerr time doesn't really go round in circles is just an artifact of mathematics, just square roots of complex variable circles with negative radius and so on. Armed with this new insight. I wrote again to Carlo Ravelli and asked if this didn't Contra indicate his suggestion of closed time like curves his reply. The closed time like curves differently there in the study solution, they are therefore allowed by the theory. The question is whether in concrete astrophysical cases. They are realized. The difference between concrete astrophysical cases and the executive solution is at the second static while the first is only approximately so after collapse as far as I understand the real metric in concrete astrophysical collapse is not known so there is indeed a margin of uncertainty, but there is known that should appro Prioriti- prevent the closed time like curves to be realized. So as Ravelli said, the real metric is unknown. In other words, we're not sure that characterization of what goes on inside black holes is correct. Ravioli admits imagine of uncertainty possibly due to the complete absence of empirical evidence, and yet he concludes. There is nothing contradictory with close time like curves. They are only unfamiliar, and they raise naive silly fears. Somebody could kill her mother and prevent us from existing. Or, perhaps even giving birth to ourselves. For many theoretical physicists have spoken to including Revilla, it seems that reality doesn't have to be real physical. It can be anything at all. That is not forbidden by mathematics. If the equations of some theory suggests the time goes around in circles, then counter intuitive as that may seem. There is no real reason to suppose that it is not how things actually our. Pets that K. in virtual universe made of mathematics information. But that's not the universe I inhabit, and I remain unconvinced. I'm sticking with the idea that our scientific theories as opposed to accord with the way the world actually is rather than the other way around. The existence of an objective reality is not a question for scientific determination. Philosophers it's not even a question for philosophical determination. It's simply not a question. It cannot be posed in any form in which the question of reality is not already big. Rather it is more like a stance. We assume a position on reality and then lean on that position to pose and to answer scientific and philosophical questions. And the proper stance for physics by definition is to take reality to be physical and not merely abstract mathematical. As Sabina filled at the Franklin. Institute of advanced. Studies observes. We can never prove any math to be a true description of nature for the only provable truth are about mathematical structures themselves not about the relation of these structures to reality. Hence rigidity is a meaningful criterion. Only once we fix a backbone of assumptions from which to make deductions. and. How mathematics connect to reality is a mystery. The plate philosophers long before they were scientists and we aren't any wiser today. Medics is too general as markle crater at the Holon Institute of Technology in Israel observed. He says physics is about everything. One can see here or think about in.

Carlo Ravelli Roy Patrick Kerr Edwin Thomas University of Leicester Raviolis Derek Blackhall markle crater Royal Swedish Academy of Scien Holon Institute of Technology Israel Alfred Shield executive Ravioli Revilla Ryan Institute of advanced Sabina
"roy kerr" Discussed on True Mysteries of the Pacific Northwest

True Mysteries of the Pacific Northwest

04:10 min | 2 months ago

"roy kerr" Discussed on True Mysteries of the Pacific Northwest

"Welcome to kiss myths and mysteries. I am your host kid chrome today. We're GONNA take a look at a mirror universe and possibly a fourth dimension in this podcast. I'm going to skip over the incredibly complicated nature of the life of a star that is necessary for black hole warm. I'm going to jump to the Weinstein Rosen Bridge. This is literally a bridge that connects with another. It was believed for decades based on conclusions by these two Greg. Mines that any ship. Let's say a rocket ship. Avars would be crushed if it entered this Einstein Rosen bridge however this thinking was disproved by Zealand mathematician. Roy Kerr who found another solution to passing through a black hole slash wormhole I. I need to make it absolutely clear. The black holes wormholes really do physically exist. So we can take that theory off of the proverbial chalkboard and say. Hey it's real second. The idea that our ship would be crushed when entering the block. Whole was based on the theory that it would enter from the side it was Kerr. The mathematician from New Zealand deduced that a ship fired centrally into the black hole would not be crush and could pass through to the other side. Where Mirror Universe or fourth dimension is waiting. What would that look like? Well imagine that are rocket has entered the Einstein Rosen bridge dead center as a rocket approaches a spinning block. Holo it detects a ring shaped spinning star the closer we get to the ring. The more light from the Mirror universe illuminates the effect resembles a hall of Mirrors. But we know this is going to happen so we are not fooled into thinking that the images are real. This big question can a black hole be used to travel throughout the Galaxy S in Star Trek? Here's the RUB. The curvature in space is determined by the amount of matter energy that is what would crush our ship and remember that matter. Energy comes from the close of or explosion of a star that I skipped over. The front of this podcast. When Captain Kirk takes us through hyperspace warp factor five the crystals must produce credible energy that among other keeps the ship from being crushed and at the same time creates a faster than the speed of light that is necessary for the ship to safely pass through a black hole of orders that leave us now. Let's assume that we can safely pass through the Einstein Rosen Bridge. What would this look like? Imagine that you were walking down main street. Usa The strange floating window opens up in front of you floating window for this example. All ignore the fact enough energy to make that window appear will probably shatter the earth. So with that bought out of the way you walk up to the floating window for better luck until your total shop. You see a face now. Let's say that the wind picks up and the baseball CAP. You were wearing blown through the window following his flight. You see blown into the sky of the other universe. It seems amazing that such a simple idea that higher dimensions can unify space with time and then a force can be explained by that warping of space time with black hole slash wormhole and the multiple connection with space. Where still probing the very limousine Weinstein's theory of general relativity? In fact the amount of energy matter necessary to create a wormhole or dimensional gateway is enough to make your brain AAC since we don't have Dr Lithium Crystals to protect us as we pass through a black hole. We have to wait for another theory before we launched that spaceship down the center of a Wormhole but the most speculative consequence of connect universes dimensions is a concept of building a time machine more on that time machine structure and what it would look like in a later podcast. Will a mirror. Universe was produced here at night. All sounds studio and brought to you by books of fiction venture life on the edge kit chrome dot com where you can always get a book for free. This is kit chrome. Thanks for listening..

Einstein Rosen bridge Weinstein Rosen Bridge Roy Kerr Dr Lithium Crystals New Zealand baseball Greg Avars Weinstein Captain Kirk
A Strange Bridge

True Mysteries of the Pacific Northwest

03:55 min | 2 months ago

A Strange Bridge

"Welcome to kiss myths and mysteries. I am your host kid chrome today. We're GONNA take a look at a mirror universe and possibly a fourth dimension in this podcast. I'm going to skip over the incredibly complicated nature of the life of a star that is necessary for black hole warm. I'm going to jump to the Weinstein Rosen Bridge. This is literally a bridge that connects with another. It was believed for decades based on conclusions by these two Greg. Mines that any ship. Let's say a rocket ship. Avars would be crushed if it entered this Einstein Rosen bridge however this thinking was disproved by Zealand mathematician. Roy Kerr who found another solution to passing through a black hole slash wormhole I. I need to make it absolutely clear. The black holes wormholes really do physically exist. So we can take that theory off of the proverbial chalkboard and say. Hey it's real second. The idea that our ship would be crushed when entering the block. Whole was based on the theory that it would enter from the side it was Kerr. The mathematician from New Zealand deduced that a ship fired centrally into the black hole would not be crush and could pass through to the other side. Where Mirror Universe or fourth dimension is waiting. What would that look like? Well imagine that are rocket has entered the Einstein Rosen bridge dead center as a rocket approaches a spinning block. Holo it detects a ring shaped spinning star the closer we get to the ring. The more light from the Mirror universe illuminates the effect resembles a hall of Mirrors. But we know this is going to happen so we are not fooled into thinking that the images are real. This big question can a black hole be used to travel throughout the Galaxy S in Star Trek? Here's the RUB. The curvature in space is determined by the amount of matter energy that is what would crush our ship and remember that matter. Energy comes from the close of or explosion of a star that I skipped over. The front of this podcast. When Captain Kirk takes us through hyperspace warp factor five the crystals must produce credible energy that among other keeps the ship from being crushed and at the same time creates a faster than the speed of light that is necessary for the ship to safely pass through a black hole of orders that leave us now. Let's assume that we can safely pass through the Einstein Rosen Bridge. What would this look like? Imagine that you were walking down main street. Usa The strange floating window opens up in front of you floating window for this example. All ignore the fact enough energy to make that window appear will probably shatter the earth. So with that bought out of the way you walk up to the floating window for better luck until your total shop. You see a face now. Let's say that the wind picks up and the baseball CAP. You were wearing blown through the window following his flight. You see blown into the sky of the other universe. It seems amazing that such a simple idea that higher dimensions can unify space with time and then a force can be explained by that warping of space time with black hole slash wormhole and the multiple connection with space. Where still probing the very limousine Weinstein's theory of general relativity? In fact the amount of energy matter necessary to create a wormhole or dimensional gateway is enough to make your brain AAC since we don't have Dr Lithium Crystals to protect us as we pass through a black hole. We have to wait for another theory before we launched that spaceship down the center of a Wormhole but the most speculative consequence of connect universes dimensions is a concept of building a time machine more on that time machine structure and what it would look like in a later

Einstein Rosen Bridge Weinstein Rosen Bridge Roy Kerr Dr Lithium Crystals Weinstein New Zealand Greg Baseball Avars Captain Kirk
"roy kerr" Discussed on The Portal

The Portal

07:42 min | 7 months ago

"roy kerr" Discussed on The Portal

"One which gives us the non gravitational forces in all of these particle properties. We call quantum numbers numbers and this has no connection to the space time data. Well that's the sort of thing. Yeah it looks. As though it's quite separate I mean they must be tied up at some stage but we haven't got to that but the idea here was trying to vie to assist. Well I'm just trying to say that we had we got very excited about this for a while and then it was longtime ago because when people discover charm I think it was. China suddenly just didn't fit and so we gave up at mobile and so by charm. You mean the the addition of entirely separate versions of the familiar family of matter so we now think we have three copies of matter where the second tour repeated at higher mask that sort of thing. Yes that's right and so people got. It didn't seem so simple at that point so very things didn't seem to fit so well but I think we should go back to that from the insights that going from Gen Relativity Timothy. I mean there's a long story which should be probably hard to describe here but the construction she twisted theory starts off as a theory about space splat space time. That's what bothers me about it. Exactly what bothers. There's a lot of people when you see every company that I was at the time at the University of Texas for for a year and this Alfred shouldered put a lot of people together who were relatives. General tippety experts hoping that something will come out of it. I guess and I had an office next to engelbert choking whom I learned a lot from and on the other side. I had an office. That was Roy. Kerr's office and Ray sexism way down and I have backtrack because the question is where where did twisted theory come from now. I had lots of ideas that are trying to fit together. Powder Oughta these. were trying to combine the Riemann sphere of relativity with the remus fear of quantum mechanics and various other mathematical ideas which come into quantum field. Erie and I they were sort of floating around and I remember drawing big piece of paper with all these ideas which were roughly speaking of the nature that the world we see he is described by real numbers but sort of hiding behind. It is a world of complex numbers and they somehow control this world of real the numbers so that the dynamics somehow controlled by the way the complex numbers work. This was vague. Thought ahead and I couldn't think of a picture in which she added you see space. Time is four dimensions and I needed to add basically one more dimension because I wanted to INC racial idea again. It's difficult to describe these things so popular program but it was an idea fundamental to quantum field theory which has to do with splitting your field aptitudes into positive and negative frequencies and it's a angle birth impressed upon me that this was very fundamental title to quantum field theory. Most people went stressing at that time. And the way to think about this is the remains again and you have the equator of the Rim and severe describing the real numbers together with infinity. And you've got this complex numbers one side one hemisphere and on the atmosphere atmosphere and the ones which are positive frequency which is the fundamental thing for quantum field theory. Extend into one half so this this to me was a very beautiful way of thinking about it. Rather than splitting everything into components and taking taking half of him and that was seen to four degrees of freedom with one extra field degree of France. One extra dimension. Like the Riemann sphere. Going from the Y- have to the whole sphere. Yeah and I wanted it to divide it into half and that was the picture I wanted and you try to the space time. It doesn't work. I space time is four. Dimensional and complex eight dimensional. That doesn't divide into. It's just something else so I knew that wasn't right. Okay now I was in Austin Texas. I had friends in Dallas. Now this was the year which Kennedy was assassinated and my friends in Dallas where to dinner and it was the next place that Kennedy he was to go to and he was going to give a speech and they got worried because he didn't turn up and they were January quite right to be waived receipt being shot and this was a great shock to all and so we decided we wanted to calm myself down and we just trip to trip from Austin Murray was in Dallas where the others were and we went off in a few cars to San Antonio and maybe the coast and this was trying to recover from the shock and coming back doc all women wanted to gossip and so on I was with pitch to Ashford who is a nice fellow like in a lot and Garin but he didn't didn't speak much so all wanted to gossip and I were sort of leftover and we the two of US went in the car driving back to Austin and so I had an is silent drive coming back and I started to think about these constructions Iva Robinson he was in Dallas at the time. I'm an English fellow who lived in Dallas and he constructed these solutions of the Maxwell Equations. which had this curious twist to them and I understood these things and I realized that they would describe by as you talked about the hop map or the Clifford parallels these? You can think of a sphere here in four dimensions three dimensions dimensions. And you have these circles which filled the whole space no to intersect and every to link beautiful configuration and I realized that this was the thing that geometrically described these solutions that I've ever had found and I tried to think about this and I thought well okay. These sources describe well The Way I've had to follow the buzz thinks think of a light ray and then you think of all the light rain which meet that light ray. So you've got a one light rain the only other flat racers meet it and that family of Light Rail is you can have Maxwell's solutions of Maxwell's which point along those ways. So what he did. This was historic. You move that light into the complex so you add complex number two the two two extra dimensions well. It pushes the light rains as a complex. And then you could construct this twisting. You don't see the light rain pushed into the complex but you still got the complex. I family of light rays which meet in a certain sense so I tried to understand what that looks like and I thought this is pushing something into the complex and you describe hit by means of this complicated twisting family right race so in the drive back I thought well let's count the number of dimensions. There are these as I call them later Robinson conferences and I was gratified oil stockpiles. Or whatever the.

Dallas Iva Robinson Austin Texas Light Rail engelbert University of Texas China Kennedy Roy Erie Alfred Kerr France Maxwell Equations. San Antonio Ray Maxwell Austin Murray
"roy kerr" Discussed on Progressive Talk 1350 AM

Progressive Talk 1350 AM

11:10 min | 9 months ago

"roy kerr" Discussed on Progressive Talk 1350 AM

"Were really just six thirty handy stick you can use to bat animal early baseball players would frequently with all their own bats to suit their individual playing styles pictures by the way would end up constructing their own baseball's before everything got organized and regulated before the game was structured enough to have these regulations about such things bats could be of many different shapes and sizes there were no guidelines saying they must be a certain length or or smaller early baseball bats could be flat they can be round they can be long they could be short they could be fat that's also tend to be really heavy because the common wisdom was if it's heavy it'll make the ball go farther when you hit it I'll talk more about that in the next section we get to the physics of baseball bats by the way have the basic anatomy the business end of a baseball bat is the barrel that's the wider and that's the part that you hit the baseball with or at least you try to hit the baseball whether if you're like me and the part that Ali whiffs when the baseball flies past me at eighty five miles per hour the other end of the handle that obviously is the end that you hold on to you and tell all that's your basic baseball bat anatomy players would either craft their own bats or they would get a carpenter to make one for them and sometimes they had to make do with makeshift bats according to Roy Kerr who wrote the book sliding Billy Hamilton the life and times of baseball's first great leadoff hitter the Philadelphia athletics once ran into a bit of trouble during the game way back in eighteen sixty five when the team broke every single that they had brought to the game they continued the game by using a shovel handle as their bat for the rest of play in eighteen eighty four a wood worker named Jay a blood Heller ikke attended a baseball game to watch his home team that would be the Louisville a clips and hitter Pete Browning stepped up to the plate and when he swung he connected with the baseball but he broke his bat during play that inspired Hillary to invite Browning back to hell or X. one working shop and he created a personalized bat for Browning Browning went on to use that bat in a game the following day and he got three hits apparently Browning brags to his fellow teammates about his new custom made bad and orders started pouring in hello Rick thus created a new brand of bats that's famous to this day the Louisville slugger by the end of the nineteenth century baseball is starting to really coalesced as a truly organized sport which meant rules were being laid down as to what could and could not be used with bats the basic rules stated bats had to be round so you could have any more flat or angled bad you know bad that that had flat surfaces around them like a maybe a hexagonal that you couldn't do that they had to be rounded they could be no greater than two and three quarter inches or six point nine centimeters in diameter they can be no longer than forty two inches or about a meter in length and they should be made entirely out of hardwood though the handle could be wrapped in twine or some other material to aid and gripping but they didn't have a limit on that wait early bats were made out of hickory but the trend moved toward using white ash as the what of choice it was a little bit more durable and lighter than hickory was that is until about two thousand one because that's when Barry Bonds used a maple bat to set a single season record of seventy three home runs which made maple a popular choice because clearly it was the bat the did all the work although to be fair different words do perform in different ways and I'll talk more about that later there are actual differences that can affect bat performance so long will will cover now in fact white ash for example is lighter than hickory so it easier to swing the bat faster or or to adjust more easily to different pitches maple is more flexible than ash so it creates kind of a whip like motion that can impart some extra force on a ball when you make contact but maple can also shatter more readily that was actually prompted Major League Baseball to put a ban on softer types the maple wood and also requires that to have a barrel of no more than two point six one inches or six point six centimeters in diameter so in other words they have to be less thick now than they used to be in order to limit the bat designs because you were having more more bad so had a disproportionately then handle compared to the barrel it really helps cut down on some of the weight but that meant that the amount of force that would happen when a bat collided with the ball could sometimes be enough to shatter the bat to snap the handle and sin shards everywhere maple is particularly bad about this and I can be actually dangerous for people on the field so there's been some limitations on the back with in order to decrease the likelihood of that happening these days professional players have six different woods they can choose from for their bats for Major League Baseball they include white ash sugar maple true hickory yellow birch red oak and Japanese ash most bats however are either sugar maple or white ash so let's walk through the journey of making a Louisville slugger white ash baseball bat because the whole thing is pretty fascinating and there are differences you can buy bats from local that manufacturers and they tend to follow a very similar approach but usually they have less automation they have a lot more handcrafting going into their bats but generally speaking this is the process you start with a white ash tree that's at least fifty years old so it is the right stature for you to start off with the white ash in Louisville sluggers comes from special forest in New York and Pennsylvania so you cut down the tree you remove the branches use all the trunks into logs and those logs the to be ten to sixteen feet longer about three to five meters and then you load those logs onto a truck and take them to a mill the would it passes an inspection so you look at the what you're looking for any imperfections that would affect bat quality things like knots in the wood or any riding or anything like that the logs that pass inspection go through a hydraulic wedge the hydraulic wedge cut the logs in to split that are about forty inches white so the splits than going to a lady and a lady that is a device that rotates whatever you're working on about an axis of rotation so that you can do some sort of operation on it usually blades will turn things fairly rapidly and it's a frequent tool in woodworking lathes have been around for ages so old ladies were ones that used ropes and gears and a treadle like a a foot pedal to operate and you would press down on the foot pedal it would pull down on a rope that would turn some gears and that would rotate the lady and you just do that over and over again you would just keep paddling in order to continue the rotational motion of whatever was you're working on and you would be able to move without services this way these days of course we have waves that are connected to motors the motors will turn at a pretty high RPM so that you can work on the wood and very rapidly start to shape it now that's only part of the lady of the other part is whatever tools you're using to shave down the wood and that might be hand held in might be part of a ladies where you just place it in the right position it might even be fully automatic but this is the hard surface that presses against the wide and shave off the outer layers so as the wood rotates it gets shaved down further and further right so with the splits you put him in the late you turn the splits around around around the blaze will start to move off the corners and rough edges of these splits and once you do that you end up with a length of what that's called a billet B. I. L. L. ET and the billets go through another inspection process including waiting to make sure that they are still appropriate for bat and based upon how much they way they're gonna go toward different models of bats some what is going to be more dense than others and that means it's going to be heavier than others and that may mean that it's better for one type of that than another more on that in a second now when you've got these bullets you're not even ready to start with the bat making process yet nope you got to spend some time first typically what coat both ends of the bill it's the cut ends with preservative to keep it from rotting or or otherwise deteriorating and then use season the billets now by seasoning I'm talking about drying them out so they're considered to be green wood at this stage because the bill it's still contains sap and gum inside the wood so seasoning is the process of letting these village dry out over a very long period of time so that sap and gum leach out of the wood over time usually this takes between six months and two years before you're ready to actually take the next step one seasoned the billets our weight again that helps determine which model of that the billets might be used for that models are based off of older bats the players have favored so you decided that players like it you say well this is going to serve as a model for future bat someone at design more bats to try and replicate the same design that we've created here which can be tricky because again what density might be different so you might end up creating about that's the exact same physical dimensions but weighs slightly different from a and the model there are different ways you can take to avoid that I'll talk a little bit more about that in a second but it's tough to do because what is an organic material it's not like you can produce it chemically to be exactly the same and just pour that into a mold and get the exact same bat time after time after time with wood you're dealing with nature and nature does not always replicate things exactly now when it comes time to make the bat you put the billet and another lady not a big surprise an operation like Louisville slugger has automatic ladies that can cut a bullet into the rough shape of a bat so you put it in the slave it holds the billet by either end of think of it like a spike that sticks in to the end of this bill it rotates around and around super fast and this automatic machine ends up shaving away all the parts.

forty two inches nine centimeters six centimeters six one inches three quarter forty inches sixteen feet fifty years five meters six months two years mill
"roy kerr" Discussed on KTOK

KTOK

11:18 min | 9 months ago

"roy kerr" Discussed on KTOK

"Baseball players would frequently with all their own bats to suit their individual playing styles pictures by the way would end up constructing their own baseball's before everything got organized and regulated before the game was structured enough to have these regulations about such things bats could be of many different shapes and sizes there were no guidelines saying they must be a certain length or or smaller early baseball bats could be flat they could be round they can be long they could be short but could be fat that's also tend to be really heavy because the common wisdom was if it's heavy it'll make the ball go farther when you hit it I'll talk more about that in the next section we get to the physics of baseball bats by the way have the basic anatomy the business end of a baseball bat is the barrel that's the wider end that's the part that you hit the baseball whether or at least you try to hit the baseball whether if you're like me that's the part that would totally whiffs when the baseball flies past me at eighty five miles per hour the other end of the handle that obviously is the end that you hold on to you and tell all that's your basic baseball bat anatomy players would either craft their own bats or they would get a carpenter to make one for them and sometimes they had to make do with makeshift bats according to Roy Kerr who wrote the book sliding Billy Hamilton the life and times of baseball's first great leadoff hitter the Philadelphia athletics once ran into a bit of trouble during the game way back in eighteen sixty five when the team broke every single bat they had brought to the game they continued the game by using a shovel handle as their bat for the rest of play in eighteen eighty four a wood worker named Jay a blood Hillary attended a baseball game to watch his home team that would be the Louisville a clips and hitter Pete Browning stepped up to the plate and when he swung he connected with the baseball but he broke his bat during play that inspired Hillary to invite Browning back to hell or X. one working shop and he created a personalized bat for Browning Browning went on to use that bat in a game the following day and he got three hits apparently Browning brags to his fellow teammates about his new custom made bats and orders started pouring in Telerik thus created a new brand of bats that's famous to this day the Louisville slugger by the end of the nineteenth century baseball is starting to really coalesce as I truly organized sport which meant rules were being laid down as to what could and could not be used with bats the basic rules stated bats had to be round so you could have any more flat or angled bad scene bats that that had flat surfaces around them like a maybe a hexagonal bat you couldn't do that they had to be round it they could be no greater than two and three quarter inches or six point nine centimeters in diameter they could be no longer than forty two inches or about a meter in length and they should be made entirely out of hardwood though the handle could be wrapped in twine or some other material to aid in grabbing but they didn't have a limit on bat weight early bats were made out of hickory but the trend moved toward using white ash as the wood of choice that was a little bit more durable and lighter than hickory was that is until about two thousand one because that's when Barry Bonds used a maple bat to set a single season record of seventy three home runs which made maple a popular choice because clearly it was the bat the did all the work although to be fair different words do perform in different ways and I'll talk more about that later there are actual diff it says that can affect bat performance so long will will cover and now in fact white ash for example is lighter than hickory so it's easier to swing the bat faster or or to adjust more easily to different pitches maple is more flexible than ash so it creates kind of a whip like motion that can impart some extra force on a ball when you make contact but maple can also shatter more readily that was actually prompted Major League Baseball to put a ban on softer types of maple wood and also requires bats have a barrel of no more than two point six one inches or six point six centimeters in diameter so in other words they have to be less thick now than they used to be in order to limit the bat designs because you were having more more bats the had a disproportionately then handle compared to the barrel it really helps cut down on some of the weight but that meant that the amount of force that would happen when a bat collided with the ball could sometimes be enough to shatter the bat to snap the handle and sin shards everywhere maple is particularly bad about this and I can be actually dangerous for people on the field so there's been some limitations on and be back with in order to decrease the likelihood of that happening these days professional players have six different woods they can choose from for their bats for Major League Baseball they include white ash sugar maple true hickory yellow birch red oak and Japanese ash most bats however are either sugar maple or white ash so let's walk through the journey of making a Louisville slugger white ash baseball bat because the whole thing is pretty fascinating and there are differences you can buy bats from local bat manufacturers and they tend to follow a very similar approach but usually they have less automation they have a lot more handcrafting going into their bats but generally speaking this is the process you start with L. Y. white ash tree that's at least fifty years old so that as the right stature for you to start off with the white ash in Louisville sluggers comes from special forests in New York and Pennsylvania so you cut down the tree you remove the branches you saw the trunks into logs and those logs the to be ten to sixteen feet longer about three to five meters and then you load those logs onto a truck and take them to a mill the would it passes an inspection so you look at the what you're looking for any imperfections that would affect bat quality things like knots in the wood or any riding or anything like that the blogs that pass inspection go through a hydraulic wedge the hydraulic wage cuts the logs into splits that are about forty inches white so the splits then go into a lady and a lady that is a device that rotates whatever you're working on about an axis of rotation so that you can do some sort of operation on it the usually blades will turn things fairly rapidly and it's a frequent tool in woodworking lathes have been around for ages so old blades were ones that used ropes and gears and a treadle like a a foot pedal to operate and you would press down on the foot pedal it would pull down on a rope that would turn some gears and that would rotate the lady and you just do that over and over again you would just keep paddling in order to continue the rotational motion of whatever it was he working on and you would be able to smooth out services this way these days of course we have waves that are connected to motors the motors will turn at a pretty high RPM side you can work on the wood and very rapidly start to shape it now that's only part of the lay of the other part is whatever tools you're using to shave down the wood and that might be hand held it might be part of a lady of where you just place it in the right position it might even be fully automatic but this is the hard surface that presses against the wood and shave off the outer layers so as the wood rotates it gets shaved down further and further right so with the splits you put him in the late if you turn the splits around around around the blaze will start to smooth off the corners and rough edges of these splits and once you do that you end up with a length of what that's called a billet B. I. L. L. E. T. and the billets go through another inspection process including waiting to make sure that they are still appropriate for bats and based upon how much they way they're gonna go toward different models of bats some wood is going to be more dense than others and that means it's going to be heavier than others and that may mean that it's better for one type of bat than another more on that in a second now when you've got these bullets you're not even ready to start with the bat making process yet nope you got to spend some time first typically you would coat both ends of the ballots the cut ends with the preservative to keep it from rotting or or otherwise deteriorating and then you season the billets now by seasoning I'm talking about drying them out so they're considered to be green wood at this stage because the bill it's still contain sap and gum inside the wood so seasoning is the process of letting these billet to dry out over a very long period of time so that sap and gum leach out of the wood over time usually this takes between six months and two years before you're ready to actually take the next step one seasoned the billets are weighed again that helps determine which model of bat the billets might be used for that models are based off of older bats the players have favored it so you design a bat players like it you say well this is going to serve as a model for future bat someone to design more bats to try and replicate the same design that we've created here which can be tricky because again what density might be different so you might end up creating about that's the exact same physical dimensions but weighs slightly different from a and the model there are different ways you can take to avoid that I'll talk a little bit more about that in a second but it's tough to do because what is an organic material it's not like you can produce it chemically to be exactly the same and just pour that into a mold to get the exact same bat time after time after time with wood you're dealing with nature and nature does not always replicate things exactly now when it comes time to make the bat you put the billet and another lady not a big surprise an operation like Louisville slugger has automatic lanes that can cut a bullet into the rough shape of a bat so you put it in the slave it holds the billet by either end of think of it like a spike that sticks and to the ends of the spell it rotates around and around super fast and this automatic machine ends up shaving away all the parts of the bill it that don't look like a rough bat shape now even then this is just the basic shape of a bad it's not close to your final format next you would use a.

Baseball forty two inches nine centimeters six centimeters six one inches three quarter forty inches sixteen feet fifty years five meters six months two years mill
"roy kerr" Discussed on News Radio 810 WGY

News Radio 810 WGY

13:36 min | 10 months ago

"roy kerr" Discussed on News Radio 810 WGY

"Would frequently with all their own bats to suit their individual playing styles pictures by the way would end up constructing their own baseball's before everything got organized and regulated before the game was structured enough to have these regulations about such things bats could be of many different shapes and sizes there were no guidelines saying they must be a certain length or or smaller early baseball bats could be flat they could be round they can be long they could be short they could be fat that's also tend to be really heavy because the common wisdom was if it's heavy it'll make the ball go farther when you hit it I'll talk more about that in the next section we get to the physics of baseball bats by the way have the basic anatomy the business end of a baseball bat is the barrel that's the wider end that's the part that you hit the baseball with or at least you try to hit the baseball with if you're like me that's the part that Ali whiffs when the baseball flies past me at eighty five miles per hour the other end of the handle that obviously is the end that you hold on to you and tell all that's your basic baseball bat anatomy players would either craft their own bad so they would get a carpenter to make one for them and sometimes they had to make do with makeshift bats according to Roy Kerr who wrote the book sliding Billy Hamilton the life and times of baseball's first great leadoff hitter the Philadelphia athletics once ran into a bit of trouble during game way back in eighteen sixty five when the team broke every single bat they had brought to the game they continued the game by using a shovel handle as their bat for the rest of play in eighteen eighty four a wood worker named Jay a blood Heller ikke attended a baseball game to watch his home team that would be the Louisville a clips and hitter Pete Browning stepped up to the plate and when he swung he connected with the baseball but he broke his back during play that inspired Hillary to invite Browning back to hell or X. one working shop and he created a personalized bat for Browning Browning went on to use that bat in a game the following day and he got three hits apparently Browning brags to his fellow teammates about his new custom made bats and orders started pouring in Telerik thus created a new brand of bats that's famous to this day the Louisville slugger by the end of the nineteenth century baseball is starting to really coalesced as I truly organized sport which meant rules were being laid down as to what could and could not be used with bats the basic rules stated bats had to be round so you could have any more flat or angled bats you know bad that that had flat surfaces around them like a maybe a hexagonal that you couldn't do that they had to be rounded they could be no greater than two and three quarter inches or six point nine centimeters in diameter they can be no longer than forty two inches or about a meter in length and they should be made entirely out of hardwood though the handle could be wrapped in twine or some other material to aid and grabbing but they didn't have a limit on that wait early bats were made out of hickory but the trend moved toward using white ash as the what of choice that was a little bit more durable and lighter than hickory was that is until about two thousand one because that's when Barry Bonds used a maple bat to set a single season record of seventy three home runs which made maple a popular choice because clearly it was the bat the did all the work although to be fair different words do perform in different ways and I'll talk more about that later there are actual differences that can affect bat performance so long will will cover now in fact white ash for example is lighter than hickory so it easier to swing the bat faster or or to adjust more easily to different pitches maple is more flexible than ash so it creates kind of a whip like motion that can impart some extra force on a ball when you make contact but maple can also shatter more readily that is actually prompted Major League Baseball to put a ban on softer types the maple wood and also requires that to have a barrel of no more than two point six one inches or six point six centimeters in diameter so in other words they have to be less thick now than they used to be in order to limit the bat designs because you were having more more bats they had a disproportionately then handle compared to the barrel it really helps cut down on some of the weight but that meant that the amount of force that would happen when a bat collided with the ball could sometimes be enough to shatter the bat to snap the handle and sent shards everywhere maple is particularly bad about this and I can be actually dangerous for people on the field so there's been some limitations on and be back with in order to decrease the likelihood of that happening these days professional players have six different woods they can choose from for their bats for Major League Baseball they include white ash sugar maple true hickory yellow birch red oak and Japanese ash most bats however are either sugar maple or white ash so let's walk through the journey of making a Louisville slugger white ash baseball bat because the whole thing is pretty fascinating and there are differences you can buy bats from local bat manufacturers and they tend to follow a very similar approach but usually they have less automation they have a lot more handcrafting going into their bats but generally speaking this is the process you start with a white ash tree that's at least fifty years old so that as the right stature for you to start off with the white ash in Louisville sluggers comes from special forest in New York and Pennsylvania so you cut down the tree you remove the branches use all the trunks into logs and those logs the to be ten to sixteen feet longer about three to five meters and then you load those logs onto a truck and take them to a mill the would it passes and inspections so you look at the what you're looking for any imperfections that would affect bat quality things like knots in the wood or any riding or anything like that the logs that pass inspection go through a hydraulic wedge the hydraulic wedge cut the logs into splits that are about forty inches white so the splits then go into a lady and a lady that is a device that rotates whatever you're working on about an axis of rotation so that you can do some sort of operation on it usually blades will turn things fairly rapidly and it's a frequent tool in woodworking lathes have been around for ages so old ladies were ones that used ropes and gears and a treadle like a a foot pedal to operate and you would press down on the foot pedal it would pull down on a rope that would turn some gears and that would rotate the lady and you just do that over and over again you would just keep paddling in order to continue the rotational motion of whatever it was he working on and you would be able to move without services this way these days of course we have laid that are connected to motors the motors will turn at a pretty high RPM so that you can work on the wood and very rapidly start to shape it now that's only part of the lady of the other part is whatever tools you're using to shave down the wood and that might be hand held it might be part of a ladies where you just place it in the right position it might even be fully automatic but this is the hard surface that presses against the wide and shave off the outer layers so as the wood rotates it gets shaved down further and further right so with the splits you put him in the late you turn the splits around around around the ladies will start to move off the corners and rough edges of these splits and once you do that you end up with a length of what that's called a billet B. I. L. L. ET and the billets go through another inspection process including waiting to make sure that they are still appropriate for bat and based upon how much they way they're gonna go toward different models of that some wood is gonna be more dense than others and that means it's going to be heavier than others and that may mean that it's better for one type of that than another more on that in a second now when you've got these bullets you're not even ready to start with the bat making process yet nope you got to spend some time first typically what coat both ends of the ballots the cut ends with preservative to keep it from rotting or or otherwise deteriorating and then you season the billets now by seasoning I'm talking about drying them out so they're considered to be green wood at this stage because the bill it's still contains sap and gum inside the wood so seasoning is the process of letting these billets dry out over a very long period of time so that sap and gum leach out of the wood over time usually this takes between six months and two years before you're ready to actually take the next step one seasoned the billets our weight again that helps determine which model of that the billets might be used for that models are based off of older bats the players have favored so you decided that players like it you say well this is going to serve as a model for future bat someone at design more bats to try and replicate the same design that we've created here which can be tricky because again what density might be different so you might end up creating about that's the exact same physical dimensions but weighs slightly different from and at the model there are different ways you can take to avoid that I'll talk a little bit more about that in a second but it's tough to do because what is an organic material it's not like you can produce it chemically to be exactly the same and just pour that into a mold and get the exact same bat time after time after time with wood you're dealing with nature and nature does not always replicate things exactly now when it comes time to make the bad you put the billet and another lady not a big surprise an operation like Louisville slugger has automatic lanes that can cut a bullet into the rough shape of a bat so you put it in the slave it holds the billet by either end of think of it like a spike that sticks into the hands of this bill it rotates around and around super fast and this automatic machine ends up shaving away all the parts of the bill at that don't look like a rough bat shape now even then this is just the basic shape of about it's not close to your final format next you would use a a human operator called a bat Turner to do all the final shaping the fine tuning that will turn this basic bat shaped into an actual model of a bat that you are are using as a reference point so typically you would have a reference model of the type of bat you want to make nearby typically mounted behind the ladies and you would use tools like calipers to measure how wide the model is that specific reference points and then you would continue to shave away at this bat shaped piece of wood until it matched those measurements so you use the calipers and take a very precise measurement of say the base of the handle we want to make sure that you shave the what away in your billet of wood until it's that same same diameter and the same is true for the entire length of the bat you wanna make sure you get all the curves properly designed you wanna make sure that the barrel of the bat is the same diameter as the original model so this is a a pretty delicate approach a is someone who is a practiced hand that it can do it fairly quickly but the anyone else that looks like magic I've watched a lot of videos of bat Turner's doing this and to me it is really stress inducing because I think of how easy would be to make a mistake that would ruin the bat that you're working on and you would have completely wasted a billet if that happened but the folks who do this they're very highly skilled and they're they've done it hundreds of times and so they do this very quickly and confidently in a way that kind of the what I'm both impressed by and terrified by honestly and eventually you get to a point that the that you're working on AS resembles the model as closely as possible now if the weight is not quite right now if you let's say that your bill it that the one that you've just created the brand new replica let's say it's a little too heavy you can actually shave a little bit off by making a David in the top in fact they use simply a a drill press is what it ends up being to carve out a hollow section at the end of the.

"roy kerr" Discussed on Science for the People

Science for the People

14:00 min | 10 months ago

"roy kerr" Discussed on Science for the People

"Is what we sometimes call the Big Three's we would've had no way to do this without the developments in physical cosmology and most of the developments that occurred in the sixty seventies and eighties at least in the Western world can be traced back to Jim peebles do you think that we are still getting scientists like Jim Peoples who are a few specific people you seem to be at the forefront of something or that seemed to open up a new door that allows so much more science tapping or we passed that era where we can kind of point to one or two people as clear conduit it's or clear transition points in certain areas says of science I think certainly if we look back in history we definitely had that in our past and if you look as well as the kind of Jenn air of the gentleman scientist there's definitely a lot of that at least there's a myth of that if not always the reality but even if we look in sort of the fifty sixty seventy as we see some of that do we still get that do we still get kind of singular scientists are really small groups of scientists who become that that pit point that openness or direction to new areas of science or is it becoming more difficult to point to specific people because it seems like so much science these days is done by huge groups rather than one or two people working together you know I think I think this is an interesting point there is no doubt that the enormously large collaborations that we have today on number one the Nobel prize is not really set up to recognize them with them maximum of three people per award you can't really award the Lagos scientific collaboration you'll remember a few years ago when they found gravitational leaves they gave the Nobel Prize two three people because that's the maximum and that's kind of controversial because it sure it's great that KIP foreign won a Nobel Prize and I'm very bearish won a Nobel Prize and oh I'm GonNa forget the third person who was given the award for that but but it's limited to three people so that means David Wright see who's the executive director of Lego and WHO's worked on it for twenty years he doesn't get one that means that the hundreds if not over a thousand professors and Grad students and undergrads students and sought research scientists who worked on this who analyze the data they don't give it they don't get it it means that the person who I picked out that signal that first signal of gravitational wave they don't get the Nobel prize so these large collaborations they really have changed many of the ways that science is done but to say that individual people are like the make or break of governor of these discoveries I don't think that's necessarily fair if for example Jim peebles had never existed he had never been Bourne and the field of cosmology had just never had him would we have discovered everything that we've discovered out the universe I I would argue yes yes we would have because the number of cosmologists we had who were working on similar problems who who helped you know us understand the universe the way it is they still would have existed we still would have had joe silk we would've had Yakov Zelda bitch we still would have had you know a whole slew of scientists who who worked on this with their whole lives and poured everything into it what made people so remarkable is this sheer breadth of what he worked on and how his work enabled people to build upon it and you know that's a really remarkable thing to do they were people like that today who are doing very similar work in whatever their specialized field is a so Alan guth and Andrei Linde have done that for their field of inflation where they have worked out many of the details Egbert sugar at Mit who whose name is never really talked about a Nobel prize discoveries on he has worked out a whole slew of details four structure formation as it relates to different model housing types of dark matter so I I think we do have these individual people making theoretical contributions of making astronauts Michael discoveries but they are not the same people working at the forefront of these large collaborations in general so there are a lot of different ways to contribute to science and as long as you're not you know jockeying to do science because if you want to win the Nobel prize which is terrible motivation for doing science in my opinion you know they were many different ways to do good science you can do that in a small lab with small group people looking at a specific question and if you get lucky and you discover something major her you know you could get catapulted into superstardom on and if you don't get lucky you learn something new about the universe anyway and for me that's the reason to do science is not because you want the Nobel prize and not because you're hell bent on making that enormous breakthrough but because you want humanity to know something that was unknown before your research did what it was designed to do that's that that's why you do the science you do do you think the Nobel prizes are still valuable for us in two thousand nineteen looking forward or should we revamp them to acknowledge that some of our most important science or some of our most fascinating science is often put forward by these massive groups of people for example last April there was quite a lot of news because we had an image for the first time of a black hole event horizon which was really cool but that was an enormous group of people that made that happen over a really long amount of time and on the Nobel Prize Committee who wanted to honor that leap if if that was something that I wanted to honor there's not a clear person that I would give that prize too because it was such a group effort well it's the same thing that they would have to do like they did with Lego you'd have to say like well who are the contributors that we want to reward for this versus who the contributors that we don't feel our tops three about it right because these are the nobels rules so I'll say I'll say yes sure you can say you can say absolutely yeah we should change the Nobel prize we should change the rules of the Nobel Prize to reflect how sciences done today and maybe the weekend and maybe we can give out awards to collaborations to and then we can reward the event Horizon Telescope appropriately if they decided that this is a Nobel Worthy Discovery and in twenty twenty we're GonNa Award the Nobel Prize in Physics for this who should we include I would I would say you know based on my guests I would narrow it down to four people that I would say choose three out of them because you WanNa pick the the people who were the most influential in enabling this discovery to happen who were the prime movers behind it so I would say if you're going to give it to people you'll definitely WANNA consider SHEP Dolman Kush Abdulamon pioneered founded and led the event Horizon Telescope project he was the one who built the collaboration of hundreds of scientists who got permission to put the additional equipment on the existing observatories to take the simultaneous observations without him there would be no event Horizon Telescope and I think a he wrote the paper by himself that detailed how this technique that the event Horizon Telescope Leverage called very long as line interferometry could be used to image a black holes event horizon this this work by Heino was basically the work that that led to the event horizon telescope being able to be built and so I think that's pretty important I think Roy occur you know when we talk about exact solutions in general relativity they are incredibly rare in nineteen fifteen nine put forth the theory of general relativity and the next year Carl short she'll found solution for if you had empty space time with a single point mass in there and that's the solution for a non rotating black hole so Einstein's relativity nineteen fifty gene Schwartz Shields First Solution Nineteen sixteen then you can say okay well realistic black holes shouldn't just have mass they should also spin right stars all rotate angular momentum is conserved quantity in the universe and black holes arise from stars so if your star was rotating your black hole should be rotating and realistic black hole shouldn't just have mass but should also have angular momentum that solution wasn't founded until nineteen sixty three so it took just a few months to find the solution for a point mass to add audion rotating rotation to that mass that took over forty years. Roy Kerr is still alive Roy Kerr for has never won a Nobel prize for finding this exact solution I think if they gave the Nobel Prize in Physics for the Event Horizon Telescope that wouldn't be possible without curse theoretical work and finally my fourth candidate is a French name jean-pierre Lumina way back in the eighteen seventies Lemay wrote and programmed and David results from the very first simulation of doc the photons from around a black hole would look like way back in the nineteen seventies he even suggested that a great potential target to look for a black hole would be the galaxy messier eighty seven which is the galaxy they wound up constructing the first image of the event horizon black hole with so I would say yeah there are plenty of people who've made enormous contributions including in terms of software in terms of making the image in terms of analyzing the data in terms of collecting the data but I'd be willing to bat that three of those four will be the ones who will be awarded the prize if it goes to the event Horizon Telescope project is our as whether that's the best way to give out prizes look I if it were up to me we wouldn't give prizes individuals I don't really care that it's called Hubble's law or the Hubble a major law or the Hubble a major Robertson Law because you wanNA give Aw Howard Robertson credit for putting things together independently before Hubble did even though he was never credited for it I don't like this I don't like naming things after individuals because if these individuals didn't exist the science would be no less true I would rather see that we give a Nobel prize to the discovery of a black holes event horizon I would like to see that we that we call it the redshift distance relation rather than worry about if we give Hubble Orla maitre Robert's center whoever credit for it I'd like for us to be excited about the science but I also recognize psychologically I'm not how most people work most people need heroes is or role models or individuals that they can look up to that they can aspire to be like and for that I think any big ord helps bring those people to prominence and I think that's something useful that the Nobel Prize does because even though they don't do it the way I would like to do wit the fact that Myron Queloz and peebles won this year's Nobel prize it gives us an opportunity to learn and discuss and with the general public why.

Nobel prize Event Horizon Telescope Hubble Jim peebles Roy Kerr Howard Robertson jean-pierre Lumina Lemay David Myron Queloz twenty years forty years
"roy kerr" Discussed on News Radio 810 WGY

News Radio 810 WGY

13:46 min | 10 months ago

"roy kerr" Discussed on News Radio 810 WGY

"With all their own bats to suit their individual playing styles pictures by the way would end up constructing their own baseball's before everything got organized and regulated before the game was structured enough to have these regulations about such things bats could be of many different shapes and sizes there were no guidelines saying they must be a certain length or or smaller early baseball bats could be flat they can be around they can be long they could be short they could be fat that's also tend to be really heavy because the common wisdom was if it's heavy it'll make the ball go farther when you hit it I'll talk more about that in the next section we get to the physics of baseball bats by the way have the basic anatomy the business end of a baseball bat is the barrel that's the wider end that's the part that you hit the baseball with or at least you try to hit the baseball whether if you're like me that's the part that Ali whiffs when the baseball flies past me at eighty five miles per hour the other end of the handle that obviously is the end that you hold on to you and tell all that's your basic baseball bat anatomy players would either craft their own bats or they would get a carpenter to make one for them and sometimes they had to make do with makeshift bats according to Roy Kerr who wrote the book sliding Billy Hamilton the life and times of baseball's first great leadoff hitter the Philadelphia athletics once ran into a bit of trouble during game way back in eighteen sixty five when the team broke every single bat they had brought to the game they continued the game by using a shovel handle as their bat for the rest of play in eighteen eighty four a wood worker named Jay a blood Hillary attended a baseball game to watch his home team that would be the Louisville a clips and hitter Pete Browning stepped up to the plate and when he swung he connected with the baseball but he broke his bat during play that inspired Hillary to invite Browning back to hell or X. one working shop and he created a personalized bat for Browning Browning went on to use that bat in a game the following day and he got three hits apparently Browning brags to his fellow teammates about his new custom made bad and orders started pouring in Telerik thus created a new brand of bats that's famous to this day the Louisville slugger by the end of the nineteenth century baseball is starting to really coalesced as I truly organized sport which meant rules were being laid down as to what could and could not be used with bats the basic rules stated bats had to be round so you could have any more flat or angled bads you know bad that that had flat surfaces around them like a maybe a hexagonal that you couldn't do that they had to be rounded they could be no greater than two and three quarter inches or six point nine centimeters in diameter they could be no longer than forty two inches or about a meter in length and they should be made entirely out of hardwood though the handle could be wrapped in twine or some other material to aid and gripping but they didn't have a limit on that wait early bats were made out of hickory but the trend moved toward using white ash as the one of choice it was a little bit more durable and lighter than hickory was that is until about two thousand one because that's when Barry Bonds used a maple bat to set a single season record of seventy three home runs which made maple a popular choice because clearly it was the bat the did all the work although to be fair different words do perform in different ways and I'll talk more about that later there are actual differences that can affect bat performance so long will will cover now in fact white ash for example is lighter than hickory so it easier to swing the bat faster or or to adjust more easily to different pitches maple is more flexible than ash so it creates kind of a whip like motion that can impart some extra force on a ball when you make contact but maple can also shatter more readily that was actually prompted Major League Baseball to put a ban on softer types of maple wood and also requires bats have a barrel of no more than two point six one inches or six point six centimeters in diameter so in other words they have to be less thick now than they used to be in order to limit the bat designs because you were having more more bats they had a disproportionately then handle compared to the barrel it really helps cut down on some of the weight but that meant that the amount of force that would happen when a bat collided with the ball could sometimes be enough to shatter the bat to snap the handle and sin shards everywhere maple is particularly bad about this and I can be actually dangerous for people on the field so there's been some limitations on the bat with in order to decrease the likelihood of that happening these days professional players have six different woods they can choose from for their bats for Major League Baseball they include white ash sugar maple true hickory yellow birch red oak and Japanese ash most bats however are either sugar maple or white ash so let's walk through the journey of making a Louisville slugger white ash baseball bat because the whole thing is pretty fascinating and there are differences you can buy bats from local bat manufacturers and they tend to follow a very similar approach but usually they have less automation they have a lot more hand the crafting going into their bats but generally speaking this is the process you start with a white ash tree that's at least fifty years old so it is the right stature for you to start off with the white ash in Louisville sluggers comes from special forest in New York and Pennsylvania so you cut down the tree you remove the branches you saw the trunks into logs and those logs the to be ten to sixteen feet longer about three to five meters and then you load those logs onto a truck and take them to a mill the would it passes an inspection so you look at the what you're looking for any imperfections that would affect back quality things like knots in the wood or any riding or anything like that the logs that pass inspection go through a hydraulic wedge the hydraulic wedge cut the logs into splits that are about forty inches white so the splits then go into a lady and a lady that is a device that rotates whatever you're working on about an axis of rotation so that you can do some sort of operation on it usually blades will turn things fairly rapidly and it's a frequent tool in woodworking lathes I've been around for ages so old ladies were ones that used ropes and gears and a treadle like a a foot pedal to operate and you would press down on the foot pedal it would pull down on a rope that would turn some gears and that would rotate the lady and you just do that over and over again you would just keep paddling in order to continue the rotational motion of whatever it was he working on and you would be able to move without services this way these days of course we have laid that are connected to motors the motors will turn at a pretty high RPM side you can work on the wood and very rapidly start to shape it now that's only part of the lady of the other part is whatever tools you're using to shave down the wood and that might be hand held in might be part of a laid where you just place it in the right position it might even be fully automatic but this is the hard surface that presses against the wide and shave off the outer layers so as the wood rotates it gets shaved down further and further right so with the splits you put him in the late you turn the splits around around around the blaze will start to move off the corners and rough edges of these splits and once you do that you end up with a length of what that's called a billet B. I. L. L. ET and the billets go through another inspection process including waiting to make sure that they are still appropriate for bats and based upon how much they way they're gonna go toward different models of that some wood is going to be more dense than others and that means it's going to be heavier than others and that may mean that it's better for one type of that than another more on that in a second now when you've got these bullets you're not even ready to start with the bat making process yet nope you got to spend some time first typically what coat both ends of the ballots the cut ends with preservative to keep it from rotting or or otherwise deteriorating and then you season the billets now by seasoning I'm talking about drying them out so they're considered to be green wood at this stage because the bill it's still contains sap and gum inside the wood so seasoning is the process of letting these village dry out over a very long period of time so that sap and gum leach out of the wood over time usually this takes between six months and two years before you're ready to actually take the next step one seasoned the billets our weight again that helps determine which model about the billets might be used for that models are based off of older bats the players have favored so you decided that players like it you say well this is going to serve as a model for future bats imminent design more bats to try and replicate the same design that we've created here which can be tricky because again what density might be different so you might end up creating about that's the exact same physical dimensions but weighs slightly different from a and the model there are different ways you can take to avoid that I'll talk a little bit more about that in a second but it's tough to do because what is an organic material it's not like you can produce it chemically to be exactly the same and just pour that into a mold and get the exact same bat time after time after time with wood you're dealing with nature and nature does not always replicate things exactly now when it comes time to make the bat you put the billet and another lady not a big surprise an operation like Louisville slugger has automatic leaves that can cut a bullet into the rough shape of a bat so you put it in the slave it holds the billet by either end to think of it like a spike that sticks into the hands of this bill it rotates around and around super fast and this automatic machine ends up shaving away all the parts of the bill it that don't look like a rough that shape now even then this is just the basic shape of about it's not close to your final format next you would use a a human operator called a bat Turner to do all the final shaping be fine tuning that will turn this basic bat shaped into an actual model of a bat that you are are using as a reference point so typically you would have a reference model of the type of bat you want to make nearby typically mounted behind the ladies and you would use tools like calipers to measure how wide the model is that specific reference points and then you would continue to shave away at this bat shaped piece of wood until it matched those measurements so you'd use the calipers and take a very precise measurement of say the base of the handle we want to make sure that you shave the one away and your billet of wood until it's that same same diameter and the same is true for the entire length of the bat you wanna make sure you get all the curves properly designed you want to make sure that the barrel of the bat is the same diameter as the original model so this is a a pretty delicate approach a is someone who is a practiced hand that it can do it fairly quickly but anyone else that looks like magic I've watched a lot of videos of that Turner's doing this and to me it is really stress inducing because I think of how easy would be to make a mistake that would ruin the bat that you're working on and you would have completely wasted a billet if that happened but the folks who do this they're very highly skilled and they're they've done it hundreds of times and so they do this very quickly and confidently in a way that kind of the what I'm both impressed by and terrified by honestly and eventually you get to a point that the bat you're working on AS resembles the model as closely as possible now if the weight is not quite right now if you let's say that your bill it that the one that you've just created the brand new replica let's say it's a little too heavy you can actually shave a little bit off by making a David in the top in fact they use simply a a drill press is what it ends up being to carve out a hollow section at the end of the barrel this is typical for most baseball bats in Major League Baseball have a hollow section of the very end and you can use that to fine tune the wait a little bit same thing.

"roy kerr" Discussed on KTOK

KTOK

11:18 min | 10 months ago

"roy kerr" Discussed on KTOK

"Players would frequently with all their own bats to suit their individual playing styles pictures by the way would end up constructing their own baseball's before everything got organized and regulated before the game was structured enough to have these regulations about such things bats could be of many different shapes and sizes there were no guidelines saying they must be a certain length or or smaller early baseball bats could be flat they could be round they can be long they could be short they could be fat that's also tend to be really heavy because the common wisdom was if it's heavy it'll make the ball go farther when you hit it I'll talk more about that in the next section we get to the physics of baseball bats by the way have the basic anatomy the business end of a baseball bat is the barrel that's the wider end that's the part that you hit the baseball whether or at least you try to hit the baseball whether if you're like me that's the part that would totally whiffs when the baseball flies past me at eighty five miles per hour the other end of the handle that obviously is the end that you hold on to you and Tara that's your basic baseball bat anatomy players would either craft their own bats or they would get a carpenter to make one for them and sometimes they had to make do with makeshift bats according to Roy Kerr who wrote the book sliding Billy Hamilton the life and times of baseball's first great leadoff hitter the Philadelphia athletics once ran into a bit of trouble during game way back in eighteen sixty five when the team broke every single bat they had brought to the game they continued the game by using a shovel handle as their bat for the rest of play in eighteen eighty four a wood worker named Jay a blood Heller ikke attended a. baseball game to watch his home team that would be the Louisville a clips and hitter Pete Browning stepped up to the plate and when he swung he connected with the baseball but he broke his bat during play that inspired Hillary to invite Browning back to hell or X. one working shop and he created a personalized bat for Browning Browning went on to use that bat in a game the following day and he got three hits apparently Browning brags to his fellow teammates about his new custom made bats and orders started pouring in Telerik thus created a new brand of bats that's famous to this day the Louisville slugger by the end of the nineteenth century baseball is starting to really coalesce as a truly organized sport which meant rules were being laid down as to what could and could not be used with bats the basic rules stated bats had to be round so you could have any more flat or angled bad scene bats that that had flat surfaces around them like a maybe a hexagonal bat you can do that they had to be rounded they could be no greater than two and three quarter inches or six point nine centimeters in diameter they can be no longer than forty two inches or about a meter in length and they should be made entirely out of hardwood though the handle could be wrapped in twine or some other material to aid in grabbing but they didn't have a limit on that wait early bats were made out of hickory but the trend moved toward using white ash as the wood of choice that was a little bit more durable and lighter than hickory was that is until about two thousand one because that's when Barry Bonds used a maple bat to set a single season record of seventy three home runs which made maple a popular choice because clearly it was the bat the did all the work although to be fair different words do perform in different ways and I'll talk more about that later there are actual differences. it can affect bat performance so long will will cover and now in fact white ash for example is lighter than hickory so it's easier to swing the bat faster or or to adjust more easily to different pitches maple is more flexible than ash so it creates kind of a whip like motion that can impart some extra force on a ball when you make contact but maple can also shatter more readily that was actually prompted Major League Baseball to put a ban on softer types of maple wood and also requires bats have a barrel of no more than two point six one inches or six point six centimeters in diameter so in other words they have to be less thick now than they used to be in order to limit the bat designs because you were having more more bats the had a disproportionately then handle compared to the barrel it really helps cut down on some of the weight but that meant that the amount of force that would happen when a bat collided with the ball could sometimes be enough to shatter the bat to snap the handle and sin shards everywhere maple is particularly bad about this and that can be actually dangerous for people on the field so there's been some limitations on and the bat with in order to decrease the likelihood of that happening these days professional players have six different woods they can choose from for their bats for Major League Baseball they include white ash sugar maple true hickory yellow birch red oak and Japanese ash most bats however are either sugar maple or white ash so let's walk through the journey of making a Louisville slugger white ash baseball bat because the whole thing is pretty fascinating and there are differences you can buy bats from local bat manufacturers and they tend to follow a very similar approach but usually they have less automation they have a lot more handcrafting going into their bats but generally speaking this is the process you start with a white ash tree. that's at least fifty years old so that as the right stature for you to start off with the white ash in Louisville sluggers comes from special forests in New York and Pennsylvania so you cut down the tree you remove the branches you saw the trunks into logs and those logs need to be ten to sixteen feet longer about three to five meters and then you load those logs onto a truck and take them to a mill the would it passes an inspection so you look at the word you're looking for any imperfections that would affect back quality things like knots in the wood or any riding or anything like that the logs that pass inspection go through a hydraulic wedge the hydraulic wage cuts the logs into splits that are about forty inches. white so the splits then go into a lady and a lady that is a device that rotates whatever you're working on about an axis of rotation so that you can do some sort of operation on it usually you play this will turn things fairly rapidly and it's a frequent tool in woodworking lathes have been around for ages so old blades were ones that used ropes and gears and a treadle like a a foot pedal to operate and you would press down on the foot pedal it would pull down on a rope that would turn some gears and that would rotate the lady and you just do that over and over again you would just keep paddling in order to continue the rotational motion of whatever it was he working on and you would be able to smooth out services this way these days of course we have lanes that are connected to motors the motors will turn at a pretty high RPM side you can work on the wood and very rapidly start to shape it now that's only part of the lay of the other part is whatever tools you're using to shave down the wood and that might be hand held in might be part of a lady of where you just place it in the right position it might even be fully automatic but this is the hard surface that presses against the wood and shave off. the outer layers so as the wood rotates it gets shaved down further and further right so with the splits you put him in the late if you turn the splits around around around the blaze will start to smooth off the corners and rough edges of these splits and once you do that you end up with a length of what that's called a billet B. I. L. L. E. T. and the billets go through another inspection process including waiting to make sure that they are still appropriate for bats and based upon how much they way they're gonna go toward different models of that some wood is gonna be more dense than others and that means it's going to be heavier than others and that may mean that it's better for one type of that than another more on that in a second now when you've got these bullets you're not even ready to start with the bat making process yet nope you got to spend some time first typically you would coat both ends of the ballots the cut ends with the preservative to keep it from rotting or or otherwise deteriorating and then you season the billets now by seasoning I'm talking about drying them out so they're considered to be green wood at this stage because the bill it's still contain sap and gum inside the wood so seasoning is the process of letting these billets dry out over a very long period of time so that sap and gum leach out of the wood over time usually this takes between six months and two years before you're ready to actually take the next step one seasoned the billets our weight again that helps determine which model about the billets might be used for that models are based off of older bats the players have favored it so you design a bat players like it you say well this is going to serve as a model for future bat someone at design more bats to try and replicate the same design that we've created. here. which can be tricky because again what density might be different so you might end up creating about that's the exact same physical dimensions but weighs slightly different from and at the model there are different ways you can take to avoid that I'll talk a little bit more about that in a second but it's tough to do because what is an organic material it's not like you can produce it chemically to be exactly the same and just pour that into a mold to get the exact same bat time after time after time with wood you're dealing with nature and nature does not always replicate things exactly now when it comes time to make the bat you put the billet and another leave not a big surprise an operation like Louisville slugger has automatic leaves that can cut a bullet into the rough shape of a bat so you put it in the slave it holds the billet by either end of think of it like a spike that sticks in to the ends of the spell it rotates around and around super fast and this automatic machine ends up shaving away all the parts of the bill it that don't look like a rough bat shape now even then this is just the basic shape of a bad it's not close to your final format next you would use a.

forty two inches nine centimeters six centimeters six one inches three quarter forty inches sixteen feet fifty years five meters six months two years mill
"roy kerr" Discussed on KMET 1490-AM

KMET 1490-AM

02:48 min | 2 years ago

"roy kerr" Discussed on KMET 1490-AM

"My name is madison wolfe i'm from york phil hieaux and my question is if time travel was possible given einstein's equations and you know the details and working fine thank you yes i'm stein propose his general theory of relativity in nineteen fifteen and then around nineteen forty nine he was at princeton and his next door neighbor there was kirk girl one of the greatest mathematicians of the century in fact and what professor girdles found was a new solution of einstein's equation which allowed for time travel he assumed that the universe was rotating and the universe has rotating and you went around the universe you would come back before you left in other words you become a time travel going backwards in time now i'm stein you about this because of course that was his next door neighbor at princeton and he was very disturbed einstein himself thought that is acquaintances might allow for time travel but he couldn't quite get himself to believe that was real so in his memoirs einstein road that quote we can dismiss these time travel solutions because they're not physical in other words the universe expands we have a big bang not a big swirl we have a big bang the universe expands uniformly does it rotate but if it deidra tate then perhaps you could journey back into the past whenever you wanted so in some sense thank goodness we don't live in a rotating universe because then all sorts of paradoxes could be form but then in one thousand nine sixty three roy kerr a new zealand mathematician discovered another solution of einstein's equation which is even crazier than the girdles solution he found that black holes that we mentioned before rotate rotating black holes do not claps to dot they collapsed to a ring if you fall through the ring you wind up through a wormhole which can also be a gateway into the past since then we've discovered scores of solutions which allow for einstein's equations to give us time travel in fact they are so many solid seuss solutions that stephen hawking tried to catalogue them the late stephen hawking found a whole classification of time travel solutions in einstein's equation and he found a commonality between all of them it turns out that what you need to create a.

madison wolfe phil hieaux einstein stein princeton york professor tate roy kerr stephen hawking
"roy kerr" Discussed on WSRQ Talk Radio

WSRQ Talk Radio

03:12 min | 2 years ago

"roy kerr" Discussed on WSRQ Talk Radio

"The voice of sarasota brought to you by professor michio kaku this is science fantastic welcome back to science fantastic with professor michio kaku before the break we had a question about whether or not you can use black holes as time machines well the short answer is we don't know but there is a theory compatible with the quantum theory and einstein's theory of general relativity first of all if i spent a by call and all black clothes we see in outer space are spinning then the matter we think collapses not to adopt per to ring the ring does not collapse because the centrifugal force so centrifugal force keeps the ring afloat and if you're a fall through the ring mathematician roy kerr back in nineteen sixty three found that you do not die you can fall straight through to a parallel universe in fact this is called a wormhole a gateway through space and time connecting to universes i introduced by stein himself back in one thousand nine hundred thirty five he wrote a paper with his student nathan rosen so today we call it the stein rosen bridge and i was quite surprised watching the thorn movies because they have to explain whereas guard is relative to the the earth and they said in the movie that yes there's an einstein rosen bridge found by natalie portman and that connected the world of the gods the north gods including thor with the earthlings now the question is how stable are they and what would it take to build one of these things well so that you can use this as a time machine so then the question is how real is this machine the question is stability assuming i that you can play with black holes and open up the gateway you wanna make sure that gateway is stable so you can walk through it and not be crushed by the gateway well this is where stephen hawking comes in stephen hawking wanted to prove that time travel was impossible he wanted to create what is called the chronology protection hypothesis the show that ironsides equations forbid time travel well caulking failed he could not find a rule nine stein's theory that prevented time travel from happening so he was forced to admit that well you got to take it seriously but then hockey and finally said yes time travel is consistent with relativity consistent with a quantum theory but he said they may not be.

sarasota michio kaku einstein roy kerr stein natalie portman stephen hawking hockey professor nathan rosen stein rosen bridge
"roy kerr" Discussed on WSRQ Talk Radio

WSRQ Talk Radio

02:16 min | 2 years ago

"roy kerr" Discussed on WSRQ Talk Radio

"The next listener phone call hi my name's tv and i'm calling from reading ta have a quick question about black holes in general so black holes are objects in the universe we're really strong gravity could they also be used for time traveling or going to terrible terrible universities and instead what what benefits would we have if we if we reached that point where we'd have a futuristic opportunity to go to block close i love this show every week i watched i hear it every thank you well thank you and once again you're right that there is a theory that says that black holes are not the end point of stellar evolution but perhaps the beginning now what is the black hole a black hole starts with a store maybe ten to fifty times more massive than our sun eventually it uses a all its nuclear fuel explodes and after the explosion there is a tiny dot of nuclear materials so dense that even light itself cannot escape and the question is what happens if you would approach this dot is it really a dot or is it really a ring in one thousand nine sixty three mathematician roy kerr took einstein's equations and spun the black hole in a circle before then we had stationary black holes date collapsed dot but roy kerr found that when you spend the black hole it does not collapse to adopt but claps is to a ring a ring of neutrons and we see that the black closing out of space that we've observed do rotate none of them are stationary we've clocked them at going around each other going around their access at about a million miles an hour and so we do know that roy kerr's rotating black hole solution is perhaps the most realistic solution of off now if you fall through the ring you perhaps wind up on a parallel universe and we'll talk about that after the break once again you are listening to.

roy kerr einstein dot
"roy kerr" Discussed on KFQD News Talk

KFQD News Talk

01:37 min | 2 years ago

"roy kerr" Discussed on KFQD News Talk

"Brought to you by professor michio kaku this science welcome back to science fantastic with professor michio kaku before the break we had a question about whether or not you can use black holes as time machines well the short answer is we don't know but there is a theory compatible with the quantum theory and einstein's theory of general relativity first of all if i spent a by call and all black calls we see in outer space are spinning then the matter we think collapses not to adopt to a ring the ring does not collapse because the centrifugal force so centrifugal force keeps the ring afloat and if you fall through the ring mathematician roy kerr back in nineteen sixty three found that you do not die you can fall straight through to a parallel universe in fact this is called a wormhole a gateway through space and time connecting to universes i introduced by einstein himself back in nineteen thirty five he wrote a paper with his student nathan rosen so today we call it the einstein rosen bridge and i was quite surprised watching the thorn movies because they have to explain whereas guard is relative to the the earth and they said in the movie that yes there's an einstein rosen bridge found by natalie portman and that connected the world of the gods the.

michio kaku einstein roy kerr natalie portman professor nathan rosen einstein rosen bridge
"roy kerr" Discussed on KFQD News Talk

KFQD News Talk

02:17 min | 2 years ago

"roy kerr" Discussed on KFQD News Talk

"The next listener phone call hi my name's chevy's rush and i'm calling from reading ta are you having quick question about black holes in general so black holes are objects in the universe we're really strong gravity but could they also be used for time traveling or going to terrible terrible universities and instead what what dentists would we have if we if we reached that point where we'd have a futuristic opportunity to go to block close i love this so every week i watched i hear in every week well thank you and once again you're right that there is a theory that says that black holes are not the endpoint of stellar evolution but perhaps the beginning now what is the black hole a black hole starts with a store maybe ten to fifty times more massive than our sun eventually it uses up all its nuclear fuel explodes and after the explosion there is a tiny dot of nuclear material so dense that even light itself cannot escape and the question is what happens if you would approach this dot is it really a dot or is it really a ring in one thousand nine sixty three mathematician roy kerr took einstein's equations and spun the black hole in a circle before then we had stationary black holes that day collapsed dot but roy kerr found that when you spin the black hole it does not collapse to adopt claps is to a ring a ring of neutrons and we see that the black holes in outer space that we've observed do rotate none of them are stationary we've clocked them at going around each other going around their access at about a million miles an hour and so we do know that roy kerr's rotating black hole solution is perhaps the most realistic solution of all now if you fall through the ring you perhaps wind up on a parallel universe and we'll talk about that after the break once again you are listening to science.

chevy roy kerr einstein
"roy kerr" Discussed on KMET 1490-AM

KMET 1490-AM

01:47 min | 2 years ago

"roy kerr" Discussed on KMET 1490-AM

"Brought to you by professor michio kaku this science welcome back to science fantastic with professor michio kaku before the break we had a question about whether or not you can use black holes as time machines well the short answer is we don't know but there is a theory compatible with quantum theory and einstein's theory of general relativity first of all if i spent a by call and all black calls we see out space are spinning then the matter we think collapses not to adopt a ring the ring does not collapse because essentially force so essentially africa forest keeps the ring afloat and if you were fall through the ring mathematician roy kerr back in nineteen sixty three found that you do not die you can fall straight through to a parallel universe in fact this is called a wormhole a gateway through space and time connecting to universes i introduced by einstein himself back in nineteen thirty five he wrote a paper with his student nathan rosen so today we call the stein rosen bridge and i was quite surprised watching the movies because they have to explain whereas guard is relative to the the earth and they said in the movie that yes there's an einstein rosen bridge found by natalie portman and that connected the world of the gods the norse gods including thor with the earthlings now the question is how stable are they and what would it take to build one of these things.

michio kaku einstein roy kerr natalie portman professor africa nathan rosen stein rosen bridge
"roy kerr" Discussed on KMET 1490-AM

KMET 1490-AM

01:52 min | 2 years ago

"roy kerr" Discussed on KMET 1490-AM

"Of problems with it and people think it would make the universe unstable in some way and so you know other ideas are that there is a quantum remnants like uh uh smaller than microscopic smaller than we're used to thinking about by many orders of magnitude of little rock that heat um uh remnant of everything that fell into the black hole and um and it's also become quite unpopular for subtle reasons hit seemed how can you packs so much information and to an infant attests only small thing that seems on physical and so now there are all kinds of wild ideas that maybe you never actually transit into the black hole maybe you're always your quantum bits are smeared on the outside and and the surface was a black hole is a hologram for west on the interior um and uh i think it's just a really exciting terrain to try to understand uh what's going on at the most bundle of fundamental level on we're confronting gravity at its most extreme and one idea that i like that some people have criticised of course is the idea of physicists roy kerr in 1963 where he said that if the singularity were a ring a spinning raina then you could solve einstein's equation and so that if you fall through the rain is going to the looking glass alice's lookingglass he wind up on a parallel universe and if you go to a second time you wind up on another parallel universe like an elevator so you're hitting the up biden of an elevator going for one parallel universe unfortunately that universe may not be stable but gone right now in theory it's kind of extension of looking at the facetime where you extended as though it can continue over and over and over again in these repeated image issue this thing you're already uh right i mean in some sense you know are those what does it mean for.

black hole raina einstein biden roy kerr
"roy kerr" Discussed on Columbus Concerns

Columbus Concerns

01:38 min | 3 years ago

"roy kerr" Discussed on Columbus Concerns

"S knitting or though the pieces played very often story fascinating to hear it life it's very different three road life than on cd to total different experience and we have for absolutely wonderful singers with us and we have to lancaster karrar with our soldiers for the chorus fans among us also something in there then in december we are going to play upbeat of fraud symphony so you see that i mentioned the name beethoven quite often we are starting a four cycle of beethoven symphonies so we'll play or nine of them and in in december will continue with the third which is a very popular one courtier roy kerr who which he wrote in incident initially for napoleon and then he will sold disappointed with napoleon that he scratched also menu kelly his name and just wrote for some hero and then we have for netflix klein coming playing shows to coves cello concerto metalic line is one of the foremost cellists of the uk and she will make a us visit and play with us i'm looking very much 402 that and we have from anna klein a piece called within her arms and declining great us based femur composer and and certainly something that's that's worth listening to in january of putin is coming of creative partner and he's doing mainly strings program including brent were concerto the fifth one from bar and and some loss sensibly houston the pitied suite which he actually stole from me i wanted to the peace and then he begged me to the peace so we both love the peace you can imagine it's it's it's a brilliant piece of music that he will perform with the orchestra.

roy kerr napoleon uk anna klein putin creative partner brent lancaster karrar fraud beethoven netflix