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"rosa rosa l parks scholarship foundation" Discussed on Historical Figures
"Laws when they decided the best way to fight fight-back would be to boycott the Montgomery City buses on December fifth the day of Roses Trial N. double. ACP volunteers mimeographed yeah graft over thirty five thousand fliers to get the word out about the boycott they read stay off the buses Monday in protest protests of the arrest and trial. You can afford to stay out of school for one day. If you work. Take a cab or walk but please children children and grown ups. Don't ride the boss at all on Monday. These flyers were sent home with black schoolchildren and they were posted in black neighborhoods and on December fourth Nixon was even able to get an ad in the local paper on December number fifty nine thousand nine hundred fifty five around twenty people gathered at Mount Zion African Methodist Episcopal Zion church in Montgomery to discuss the best strategies auditees for the bus boycott. They decided that if Rosa lost the case the boycott would extend beyond her trial date indefinitely to organize organiz a longer bus boycott the group elected one of their most trusted team members to spearhead the movement a twenty six year old Baptist Reverend by the name of Dr Martin Luther King Junior together with the help of the N. double. ACP He formed the Montgomery Improvement Association. Their goal was to keep the boycott going until the status. Quo Changed that day forty two year old Rosa parks stepped into the stuffy halls of the Montgomery County courthouse. She was greeted by a bustling crowd of around around five hundred local supporters cheering her on her attorney was a man named Fred Gray and accomplished lawyer preacher and and activist who graduated from Case Western Reserve University School of law he was a go getter with a strong passion for civil rights in fact upon moving to Alabama. He said he was ready to destroy everything segregated but given the racist laws in place. Rosa never stood a chance the entire trial lasted all of thirty minutes during which Rosa was convicted of disorderly conduct and and violating the local bus ordinance she was fine ten dollars plus four dollars in courtroom fees approximately one hundred and fifty dollars in today's currency all the crime of refusing to vacate a bus seat the N. double. ACP and the black community at large deemed at this verdict unacceptable Rosette should not be charged with breaking the law if that law was unethical in the first place and so the Montgomery bus boycott began it rained on the evening of December Fifth Nineteen fifty five but but even so the city buses were mostly empty forty thousand people walk through the rain to get home from work some as far as twenty twenty miles as Montgomery's black population made up about seventy percent of all bus customers. The boycott struck in early in devastating blow. The buses soon became something of a laughing stock public buses sat at the side of the road completely empty except for the drivers ars but the boycott also had an adverse effect on Rosa and her husband a week into the protest. Rosa was fired from her seamstress job he'd held for years. No reason was given about Rosa suspected. It was because of her involvement in the boycott the next week Raymond also lost his job after talking about the boycott at work but the setbacks only made the parks family all the more more resolute as weeks passed the city of Montgomery began to feel the financial impact of the boycott bus fares bears were a reliable source of income for any city and now with the boycott in full swing that revenue stream was drying up on January anuary thirtieth nineteen fifty six the fifty seventh day of the boycott. The home of Dr Martin Luther King was bombed to buy white radicals two days later Edgar. Nixon's house was also bombed but once more the black community refused is to be intimidated in the face of property damage and violence the boycott continued meanwhile roses legal troubles proliferators liberated the city of Montgomery had criminalized boycotts and on February twenty first nineteen fifty six. She was arrested once again again for her role in the movement. Her supporters once again bailed her out but she knew that the fight wasn't over yet six months after the boycott began roses attorney. Fred Gray finally managed to gain an audience with the US District Court for the Middle District Straight Valla Bama in June nineteen fifty six fred argued that state bus segregation laws were unconstitutional and violated the rights of his community on June fifth nineteen fifty-six the three judges announced their ruling two to one in favor of Fred Gray. The fight still wasn't over the city of Montgomery filed an appeal that took the case to the United States Supreme Court on November Thirteenth Nineteen nineteen fifty-six over the next month. Fred continued to fight for his community and on December seventeenth nineteen fifty six he emerged victorious the Supreme Court rejected the appeal and ruled that bus segregation was illegal at the time roses case and the accompanying boycott was the largest successful black civil rights action in US history on December nineteenth nineteen fifty six the supreme court's written order arrived at the Montgomery Court House. Segregation of buses was officially officially illegal in the city. The boycott ended the next day and Montgomery's black citizens resumed using the buses after three hundred and eighty one days of walking and taking cabs for her bravery and her vision Rosa came to be known as the mother of the civil rights movement unfortunately even after the boycott ended she continued to face further harassment and threats Rosa and her husband Raymond grew to feel so oh unsafe they eventually relocated to Detroit Michigan in nineteen fifty seven and settled near Rosa's brother Sylvester MacAulay while in Detroit Rosa became an administrative aide in the Detroit Office of Congressman John Conyers Junior. She stayed there from nineteen sixty four to to her retirement in nineteen eighty eight regarding her work at this time she said I would have to take long of a minute to and give my whole synopsis of my life but I want to let you know that are all of us. Uh should be free and equal and have equal opportunity and that is what I'm trying to instill and and curry and inspire young people to reach the high for ten zero throughout the nineteen seventies Rosa Parks donated most of her money to civil rights organizations like the N. double. ACP and witnessed the establishment of a number of equitable laws including the Fair Housing Act and the Civil Rights Act of nineteen sixty eight the nineteen seventies also proved to be some of the most personally heartbreaking years of her life on August nineteenth nineteen seventy seven her husband died of throat cancer a few months later in November nineteen seventy seven her brother also died of cancer mindful of her husband's in the ability to receive a formal education during his lifetime Rosa co-founded the Rosa Rosa l Parks Scholarship Foundation for college bound high school seniors and the Roseanne Raymond Parks Institute for self development to serve Detroit's youth on October twenty fourth two thousand five at the age of ninety two Rosa Parks passed away in her apartment in Detroit Michigan she was laid to rest in the US capital and honor typically reserved for statesmen and military leaders in fact she was the first woman to ever receive such a distinction at her funeral over thirty thousand people passed by her coffin to pay respects and on December first two thousand five most major cities in the United States left seats empty on public public buses to commemorate roses incredible act of civil disobedience roses dedication to community and equality extended far beyond a refusal to give up her seat on a bus she was an advocate for black people and women everywhere and helped catapult the civil rights movement to the mainstream thanks to her courage. Rosa parks became a role model and icon and for women of Color as she explained I have learned over the years that when one's mind is made up knowing what must be done does away with fear.