35 Burst results for "Roman"
The Plague of Justinian I
"Welcome back to another episode of five minutes in Church history. On this episode, we're talking about a very dark moment in church history and history the plague of Justinian. The first first let's talk about just in the first he was born in four eighty seven. He came to be Roman emperor in five, twenty seven and he reigned until his death in five sixty three at the time of becoming Roman emperor the barbarian tribes controlled much of what was the Roman Empire The ostrogoths controlled Rome in the boot of Italy that extends down into the Mediterranean Sea the visigoths controlled Spain, the vandals controlled what was formerly North Africa the Roman empire was a fraction and a mere shadow of its former self just Indian ruled from capital at Constantinople. He was determined to bring back the glory that once was the Roman Empire. To do so he would need to launch military campaigns to the east into the Iberian Peninsula to the south and the vandals to the West and the ostrogoths into the north. He had to launch military campaign literally in every direction. And he was very successful after a decade or so of military campaigns warfare. Then in five forty, two Justin faced a new invisible enemy. Well, we'll get to that in a moment first a few more points on just in the first, he is known as giving us the Codex Justinian us it's also sometimes called the Corpus juris civilised. This is the body of civil law. Someone took the time to count it. It's somewhere around the neighborhood one million words. It was a massive rule of law to govern the Roman Empire contains laws on criminal and civil matters on trade, but it also controls laws regarding heresy and Orthodoxy, and even laws regulating paganism. Another thing about just in the first is that he is the creator of the Huggy Sophia he was not the architect though he had significant conversations with the architect and was very influential in the plans but it was under his watch that the Haganah Sophie was built from five, thirty, two to five, thirty seven the old basilica had fallen during riots in that city and just in use the occasion to build what was the biggest church the Roman Empire ever saw its length was two, hundred, sixty, nine feet. Its width was two hundred and forty feet and extended a height of one hundred and eighty feet. It was a massive structure. The HAGIA Sofia. Well, that's just any in the first. Now, briefly on his plague in five, forty to the bubonic plague broke out. This is the your cineas pestis. What came to be known as the black plague. It would come again in the thirteen hundreds and it would manifest throughout the Middle Ages and the time of the reformation. Back in five, forty, two, it is believed to have started in Egypt. This plague then carried on merchant ships too many nations and to three continents. Africa Europe Asia it is credited as the first pandemic in recorded history. It brought all of the efforts of Justinian one to a stop it ended the military campaigns devastated the economy. It ended up killing millions at its height. It would take five thousand lives a day in the city of Constantinople alone. Even. Just any in the first contract. Did it. But he survives one of the stories from that time PRA copious notes of the effect of the plague on the people it caused them to shake off the unrighteousness of their daily lives and practice the duties of religion with diligence but sadly, he also notes. That as soon as they were rid of the disease, they went right back to their old ways. Well, that's just any in the first, and that's the justinian plague five, forty two
Living A Mighty Life with Dr. Jill Stoddard
"Hey guys welcome to not another anxiety show. I'm your host Kelly Walker and joining me today is guest Dr Jill Starter. High Jeld. Kelly thanks so much for having me. Yes. Thank you for taking time to hop on the show. It's my pleasure. This is my favorite thing to talk about. Happy to be. Here. Now before we get started, do you mind if I share a little bit more about you with our audience? Pleased to? Great. Dr Jill Stoddard is a clinical psychologist director of the Center for stress and Anxiety Management San Diego. She is Speaker Award winning teacher and the author of two Books Be Mighty and the big book of actor metaphors. Jill is also a co host of the popular podcasts psychologists off the clock. She has written articles for Scary Mommy, the good men project and mindful return and as a regular contributor to psychology today. So, Jill I took them. I took a peek at your most recent book the the Be Mighty I'm wondering what what inspired you to write this book specifically with with women in mind right? Because I know sort of like the tagline is be mighty woman's Guide to liberation from stress and worry using mindfulness and accepted. So yeah what inspired you to write this book especially with like the target audience of women in mind he had while if I'm being honest it didn't start out that way so. From idea. I had actually it was the title that came to me I I just I really wanted to write a book that was more about. Empowerment. So initially I wanted it to be more of a global self help book that could be for anybody that's based on the principles of acceptance and commitment therapy and the the publisher really educated me that it has to have more of a target audience that it has to be more of an ditch book and that just wasn't the book I wanted to read it right or sorry that wasn't the book I wanted to write at the time. and then I had this really and I write about this in the book had this really difficult experience with a professional colleague who I really looked up to it was one of these like never meet your heroes true experiences. right like I mean like I was like being publicly bullied and it was very very painful and this was someone who I had formerly been recommending this person's books to my clients because I liked to have clients read a book while they're doing therapy. So they have some you know some work to do in between sessions. And I just felt kind of like ethically compelled to find different a different book to to recommend. And I couldn't find one that I really loved and it just sort of hit me like wait a minute I can write this book like I'm innings specialist. I can write a book that's accepted commitment therapy for anxiety, and then it'll have that niche that the publisher said they wanted. So we double back around they said, yes great idea. Let's do it and then another book came out that was somewhat similar the same time and when I reached out to the publisher to say, Hey, you know, do you think this is a problem? Can we still go forward? I can't take credit it was actually her idea she said, well, you know I have been thinking what if we did this for women? And so it was her idea but Kelly oh my gosh, I mean even retelling the story I have goosebumps. Arms Right now, and that's exactly what happened has their shirt like it's my body barometer I, call it and it was Roman. where I just knew this was the book I was meant to right all along. But when I initially had the idea, you know this is three or four years ago it wasn't the right time, and then since then we've had a huge change in. The political climate and time's up and Metoo I've really had my own awakening. As somebody who has become much more. Focused on women's issues, and so it just you know it was like clear as day that day like, yes this is the book it was always meant to be, and now is the time that it's the right time to write it and it's just you know it's funny because I've learned so much even since I wrote the book that I almost wish I could go back and do it over. A lot of people who say this this book is for women, but really it's anyone men could get a lot out of it too and on the one hand I love that and I I think it's a compliment and I hope that it can reach others and on the other it makes me wish that I had done a better job of really making it more. Specific to women because it is something that's become. So close to my heart over the last, I'd say for years.
Marvel Worthy Words (Luke 20:25)
"Luke Chapter Twenty Verse Twenty Five. Jesus said to them. Then render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's and to God the things that are God's. This verse comes at the end of what's probably the most prominent teaching from Jesus about government and the Gospels. So these religious leaders come to him they're trying to trap him and they say, we know teacher that you are true. You don't care about anybody's opinion for you're not swayed by appearances. You truly teach the way of God like it's total flattery this insincere praise on Jesus for selfish reasons but just waits for their question and they ask, is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar or not? Should. Repay them or should we not and the religious leaders know that if he says not to pay taxes to Caesar that would be inactive rebellion against the government but if Jesus says, we should pay taxes to Caesar then he might appear to be compromising his devotion to God and the eyes of others. So Jesus sees right through their hypocrisy and he says them, why are you putting me to the test? Then he says, bring. migden areas. Let me look at it. And they bring him this coin. That's worth about a day's wage. Jesus holding his hand looks them in the eye and he says whose likeness and inscription is this and they say Caesar's so Jesus responds with this I surrender a Caesar the things that are Caesar's and to God the things that are God's and the very next verse says everybody marveled at his answer. So why are those words rendered a Caesar's of things that are Caesar's and God the things that are God's why are they marvel worthy Well. So much we could say here and I'm actually writing a short book along these lines that Lord Willing we'll come out in September. To help us think through biblical foundations of government as we approach a presidential election. So just how does God's word help us lead US guide. US transform the way we think about government about government leaders in ways that. Affect how we steward our voice and our vote in a representative democracy like we live in. So ton we could talk about here. That will that will be in that short book Lord Willing but what I want us to see now and how on us to lead into prayer is Jesus saying here that when it comes to how we relate to government if Caesar's images on a coin than in the sense that coin belongs to. Caesar's so Jesus. Affirming here what we see all throughout scripture that God ordains government as an institution under his authority for the good of people, which means we honor that institution we render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's we pay taxes. We stood our vote. We do all kinds of things in subjection to government to use language from Romans Thirteen for speeder chapter too but wasn't mean to render to God the things that are God's So. Caesar's images on a coin. Then where is God's image? And the answer to that question is breathtaking. Because God's image according to Genesis one is on every human heart. In other words though Caesar may be worthy of a coin from our pockets. God is worthy of our very hearts. And that totally transforms the way we think about government. So let's Pray Oh God. We. Confess today that you alone. Are Worthy of our hearts no governmental Authority, no political candidate no political party is worthy of our hearts aren't trust our allegiance our hope. Our hope is in you, our hearts belong to you. Our Trust is in you we do not trust in any political candidate or Party or Governmental Authority. You are our trust and we worship you as supreme. So we that you would help us particularly in the United States as we enter into election season but for anyone listening to this everyone listening to this from any part of the world. We prayed, you'd help us to honor government. Around us to honor government leaders. Just as we see, you encourage command us to do in places like Romans Thirteen I peter to and right here to render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's even just think about Caesar's setting himself up as Lord and you Lord Jesus telling us to honor him honor government in ways that ordained by the father at the same time in no way to give ultimate allegiance to government or put alternate trust or hope in government. So help us to keep government in a right perspective to glorify you with the way we render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's but ultimately to glorify you by rendering to you that which is yours and our lives are yours. In Jesus name we pray. Amen.
Broken: All Inclusive Grace - burst 1
"So if nothing is free, we might ask ourselves what that means about our faith. Does it cost something to get into heaven follow Jesus. What could you give to? God. That would make him give you heaven. To be honest if the world was a completely fair place, we couldn't get into heaven. There's nothing that we can do on our own. THAT MAKES US worthy? Of Heaven. We can't bargain our way in. We can't pay money to get in. We can't work our way in. So what do we do? Thankfully. God. Knew there was nothing we could do that would make us worthy of having. In Paul's letter to the Romans, he tells us that all have sin following short of the glory of God. It explains further that even though we have sinned in aren't worthy of God through Jesus Christ, we have been given a gift. All of us. God leaves nobody out.
White House and Congress Remain Far From Any Stimulus Deal
"11 06 The number of new unemployment claims went down by 1/4 1,000,000 from a week ago after rising for two straight weeks. It's the lowest total since mid March. But still the pace remains at alarmingly high levels. Correspondent Christine Romans tells us. It's evidence Corona virus keeps forcing companies to cut jobs a little bit better, but just the sheer volume of this job's crisis. It's just hard to find any silver linings here. 1.2 million people for the very first time filed for unemployment benefits last week were now on a 20 week trend where more than 55 million people have filed for the first time for unemployment. That benefits of this report comes Justus. The $600 weekly supplemental unemployment payment has expired. That continues to be a big sticking point in negotiations between the White House Senate Republicans and congressional Democrats on the whole, and they are said to be trillions of dollars apart. On agreement on a new stimulus package, White House chief of staff Mark Meadows indicated If there's no deal by Friday, there won't be a deal. If Congress can't get it done the president the United States will Meadows is referring to executive action on two issues, a temporary extension of unemployment benefits and a temporary extension of the moratorium on evictions. We are not walking away that Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer, who is one of the chief Democratic negotiators, speaker of the House, Nancy Pelosi, is the principal negotiator. There is a light at the end of the tunnel, but how long that tunnel is remains to be seen. Linda
Arielle Korman, Mira Rivera
"Reo is the CO founder and executive director of a mood. She's a Jewish educator performer and perpetual student who is a former Fulbright research fellow and has taught at the national hoverer institute door to door tutoring and was the two thousand nine. Hundred thousand feature teacher at the Jewish singing retreat. Let my people sing Mirror Rivera is a board member of a mood where she also serves as resident rabbi. She has rabbinic ordination from the Jewish, theological seminary and services a rabbi at New York's Roman Nu- She has also board certified Chaplain Mirror. Rivera is also co chair of the Rabbinical Council of Jews for racial and economic justice. Jay. Fridge. And the CO founder with Rene L. Hill of Harlem. Have Ruta a brave space for Jews of Color Allies and co-conspirators in partnership with the Community of Saint Mary's Episcopal Church a professional dancer with the Martha Graham Dance Company before rabbinical school she taught hundreds of New York City Public School children through the National Dance Institute Arielle Cormon Mirror Rivera, welcome to Judaism unbounded. So great to have you. Here, thank you. We're really excited to talk about a mood. It's such an interesting and important project. I'll give a little bias in that. I'm really interested in this in particular because I've been on the board of Sfar for many years, which is the issue of the Torah Academy, the Talmud Academy for lgbtq folks are that comes out of the Experience Lgbtq Q. Folks. It's probably a better way to say it and. When I first heard about a mood I was so excited to hear that there was something that seemed similar from edge use of color perspective. So it's something that I've really wanted to explore for a long time that both of us have and and we're really thrilled to finally have this opportunity. So Mirror I was wondering if we could start with a little bit of the origin story of a mood. In, two, thousand, eighteen, I was invited to be in the Selah Cohort fifteen of bend the arc four juice of color by Jews of color and there I met Ya McCoy will meet her the year previously. And part of that training. Was a study that we that she called. J O C. Tour Academy. And it was several afternoons where we would look text from an anti oppression lands, and at the end of that hurt I was sitting with you who the webster was hard the cohurt. We looked at each other and I said, why does this have to be only part of this training? We need this to be real, and so we started talking with start talking about that. So that was may of two, thousand eighteen. By June or July. Are Corman had come back from Israel at, pass it to you. I did a fulbright year in Israel I live in. Jerusalem and when it came back, I became involved in. J. Fridge which is to cherish on economic justice. And Colored. Caucus. Part of my involvement. J.. Fridge I was connected to Huda Webster An. I approached you Huta saying that I wanted to teach a small class on the politics of Hebrew pronunciation and I wanted to teach it for Jews of color of an Alexi that you're smiling because acid is immensely nerdy deeply nerdy. Added belts deeply important but you huda one up to me and he said what if instead of just having your class, we actually create a container for this kind of learning to happen more often. and. So that really launched the idea of. Jesus, Colored Tour Academy, which became a mood colored tour academy and we started out by a every other week having a person in the community, a Jewish person of color in a community teach whatever they wanted and we we started her first Beta run I'm really got to see what what kinds of topics were interesting. How did the groups of people showed up for different topics differ in and we basically got to conduct all this research We launched our first full year after the high holidays. This past fall in two thousand nineteen. And we just completed our first full year of classes. We got here because for as long as there have been Jewish. People color navigating predominantly white Jewish space the roots have been growing and deepening. People like you. Huda. Myself were able to found something like this because of all that work that had been happening. JESSOP. Color entering wet Jewish is being Jewish spaces and also getting to know one another.
How Plagues Become Renaissances
"Today. We're talking about how plagues become Renaissance's. So if we look back at the EIB bhubaneshwar plague in. Europe, it was ultimately a catalyst for the renaissance. Now, it wasn't a smooth transition, but there was this period of you know horrible plag- afterwards, there was kind of all. Things start to shift around a little bit. People started to get optimistic again, they moved outside their homes and villages, and what it had done was loosened the power of the Catholic Church Fan. So when was the bubonic plague in what was happening? Then I don't actually. Know what was happening? When you get the bubonic plague, right? Can you tell me a bit more about this? You get sick and die basically. So was like I think the same as the black death where it's like one in three people in Europe. Got It around what the twelve hundred or something The people can back probably off by a couple hundred years, but the point being like everything was going smooth in. Europe. Europe, and then all of a sudden one, one in three people got the plague got sick and died unfortunately and the controlling party in Europe. The time was basically the Roman Catholic Church and what this did was it loosened the grip of the Church and there was all this newfound experimentation which gradually turned towards individualism and how that happened I think is fascinating. So I was doing some reading today. There's a book called. techniques and civilization and nineteen, thirty, four book. It's kind of obscure. But the author Lewis Mumford described how the invention of the clock singlehandedly catalyzed the renaissance basically. So there's this lull. Post plag-, and all of a sudden. This invention is created the clock and the idea of telling time comes into existence and all of a sudden, the the grip of the Roman Catholic Church reduces and you have art science Yeah. Everything get founded in explored. So why did the grip reduce? Is it because they were kind of controlling the idea? The idea. Yeah, and to the point where you know if you had sins or whatever, and you want to be forgiven in the eyes of the community or the church, you know you need it to buy an indulgence. It was a very strict doctrine where you know like my parents were Lutheran and there are certain things I. Certainly didn't agree with their. But if you follow that back, Lutheranism was a reaction to the Catholic church was like a reformation from that and Catholic churches like even more. So so just like very. Tight grip culturally is a good way of putting it. So not really open to individual experimentation There's no concept of science and supposedly like because of the clock, there wasn't any aspect of. You know a belief that. The your world was like verifiable or you could put it in Su You know practice for something that you conceived of, does that make sense? Yeah. I'm trying to relate it back to the plague of thinking about how it all ties together well I. think that was interesting. Is that the way that we're going to get out of this is by new inventions. So new concepts of categorizing things whether that's you know deciding that health span for individuals increasing health span of everyone is a really viable like pursuit or. Or you know businesses are going to start investing money there I. think that could create an invention like the clock where we stop having this debate of like Oh, you know people lived to be around this age, and then they die and instead just thinking about, okay. There's sickness. There's disease going on how are we extend the health span of everybody like way more broadly to events like this are a good place to kind of snap you out of your traditional way of thinking because before with the Bubonic plague people. I think we're very I mean, they believed in the church and you know like bad things don't happen and ought bad stuff started happening spree superstitious, and then they look for something else afterwards, and you're saying maybe that same kind of thing can happen now with everything going on is that exactly? Quantification of. Things around whether there. You're like your inputs and outputs. We talked about like the quantified self movement in previous episodes or on a couple episodes of hidden in plain sight, which is just basically like tracking your imports which are drinking which are eating. So that quantification just like the clock kind of qualified time and created the same framework that everybody could run on and meet know more efficiently and all this stuff I think that Yeah, innovations here is. Is What's going to help us quantify things in new ways
The Life of Christina Rossetti
"On this episode of five minutes in Church history, let's talk about a poet. Christina Rosetti she was born in eighteen thirty, and she died in eighteen, ninety four. She was born into an Italian family in London. This was a very artistic family to her. Brothers were painters, and she was a poet. Her father was a poet, and he taught at King's College. He was a political exile from Italy and spent his final decades in London and in England and of course. Course Christina Rosetti would spend her entire life in England. And as she was turning twenty, she became engaged, but it was broken off when he converted to Roman Catholicism. She would remain single the rest of her life. Since the age of twelve, she wrote poetry that was eighteen, forty two. This was the era of Tennyson and Dickens and the Bronte's in Elizabeth Barrett Browning, this was the era of Victorian literature, and into that Pantheon is the poet, the Anglican poet Christina Rosetti. Her First Book of poetry was published in eighteen, forty seven. She was seventeen years old. It was published by her grandfather. Her first commercially published book of poetry was published the next year in eighteen, forty eight. It was later in eighteen, sixty, two that her book, the Goblin market and other poems was published. That was probably one of her most famous poems in the book that sort of put her on the map so to speak. She wants wrote. How beautiful are the arms which have embraced Christ the hands which have touched Christ? The is which have gazed upon Christ, the lips which have spoken of Christ. The feet which have followed Christ Christina Rosetti followed Christ as a poet. She loved to use Simi's in her poems. You know what a simile is a simile comparison using Laker as in her poem birthday. She uses a whole string of them. She says my heart is like a singing bird whose nest is in a watered shoot. My heart is like an apple tree, whose bows are bent with thickset fruit. My heart is like a rainbow shell that paddles and Halcion see. My heart is gladder then all these because my love is come to me, so she used the similarly in another poem eight better resurrection. She uses to similarities to talk about herself. She says my life is like a faded leaf. My harvest dwindled to a Husk. Truly my life is void and brief. And tedious and the Baron Dusk. My life is like a frozen thing, nobod-, nor greenest can I see yet rise it's Xiao the sap of spring oh Jesus Reisen me. She then follows. My Life is like a broken bowl, a broken bowl the cannot hold one drop of water for my soul or cordial and the searching cold. CAST in the fire, the parish thing melt and remold it till it be a Royal Cup for him, my King Oh Jesus drink of me well, she wrote many poems. She wrote to Christmas carols. She wrote books of non fiction. And in eighteen ninety two. She wrote a commentary on the book of revelation. That same year. She had surgery for cancer. And two years later in eighteen, ninety four, she died in London. Well. Let's go back to that poem in here it again. My Life is like a broken bowl, a broken bowl that cannot hold one drop of water for my soul or cordial in the searching cold cast in the fire, the parish thing melt and it till it be a Royal Cup for him my king. JESUS DRINK OF
July Mailbag with Jason Moser
"The. Multiple answers I'm out Southwick and I'm joined, is always by broke camp. Personal Finance expert here at the Motley Fool. Hey, BRO, well! Hello Alison. It's the July mailbag where we answer your questions and this month it's with the help of multiple analyst Jason Moser. Should you buy a house now? What is modern portfolio theory and also here Jason's thoughts on a lot of stocks all that and more on this week's episode of Molly fully answers. Jason thanks coming back. you know I mean i. told you you invite me. I'M GONNA. Be here every single time. Thanks for having me back. I mean we appreciate it because we know you're a busy man, and so we do appreciate that you carve out time for us in our little show, don't. Always always make time for those important people in my life rule number one make time for allison and Bro I love. It sounds like a good one to me. Everybody wins. All right well, I guess we should just get into it, so the first question comes from Darren I've subscribed to the full for over a year and I'm really pleased with the service. I would like to know your thoughts about my holdings in Shop Affi- I've bought several times over the last three years, and it's now over thirty five percent of my portfolio and I. Don't know if I should continue holding or trimmed down. What would you advise a good problem to have I was gonna say that exact same thing? That's a good problem have? In a very glad, you have subscribed to our services in your really pleased. That's that's what we aim to to do. We aim to please help you make money and so yeah. This is one of those situations that we will find ourselves in from time to time as investors. A nice problem to have but something you do need to address at some point because it is going to be a little bit different for everybody. In so coming from the perspective of I, also own shop, a Fi stock in it's it's a wonderful investment. It certainly is taking up a bigger. Part of my portfolio a not at thirty five percent where you are. I think for me. It really does boil down to. That sleeping at night test in other words, you need to be able to go to sleep at night without worrying about this kind of stuff, and if you feel like shop, a Fi represents too much. Of your portfolio if you feel like you're overly allocated their, then, you may need to consider pulling it back a little, but now I mean it's. It's I think it's always important. Note you know. It's a big difference between building up a position buying a position to make this size to make this type of allocation in your portfolio. It's another thing entirely to have position grow into beat into becoming that size i. mean that that is that is in a little bit of a different dynamic there, so people all the different ways, some sometimes folks will, they will just sort of looking at it from the house money, concept or you. You just sell enough shares to recoup your initial investment, and then you let the rest of it go. Some people are perfectly fine with thirty five percent. Some people are not. They want a pair back so i. do think you need to kind of figure out what helps you sleep at night I do think that shop by a great business. I think the biggest risk in only shop, if I right now is valuation, just because it's dominating, it's space, but it's not making any money yet, and it's probably going to be a little while until they do so that valuation risk is there, but ultimately yeah I think determine. Where you feel most comfortable with it, and if you feel like you need to put a little bit of that money off the table, and he thirty five percents a lot, certainly very understandable. If they've said something you need to do if you do decide to pair it back a little bit. You've made multiple purchases, so you can identify the shares to sell to manage the tax consequence if this isn't a brokerage account and not an IRA. All right next question comes from Steven. If you are forced into unemployment, you are paying federal income taxes on unemployment payments are not contributing to social security nor to Medicare. How does this affect your future calculation of social security benefits and can one contribute to the social security fund during unemployment to mitigate any adverse effects on benefits, it is a little bit adding insult to injury, but you do owe federal income taxes on your unemployment benefits, and if your state charges has a state income tax, you probably have to pay state tax on that, although there are a handful of states that exempt unemployment benefits, so that's good news. And by the way you, you could have taxes withheld from your unemployment benefits you file. This form called form w four V. if you want, they withhold ten percent, or you can do quarterly estimated payments if you wanNA avoid that big tax bill at the end of the year, but if you're strapped for cash is probably just better to get the money now worried about your taxes later Eh. Stephen notes out. You do not pay payroll taxes. Those are the things that go into social security and Medicare so. So. It could result in a lower social security benefit, however, keep in mind that social security is based on your thirty five highest earning years, so if you enter the workforce at say twenty two and you work until you're mid to late sixties. That's more than forty years where the working so hopefully. If you miss out, if this year is not so good somewhere among those other forty, five or so years, you've had thirty five really good year so that this year won't be that big of a deal. So it probably will be okay. And then to address the last question. Unfortunately, no, you cannot make voluntary contributions to social security. There is at least one academic working paper out there. That suggested that people could buy into social security by like extra credits as opposed to contributing to your 401k, but so far that has not been passed by Congress I had an ex. Question comes from Sam. I heard to stocks discussed on another full podcast. When I read articles about them, it mentions they are thinly traded. I have two questions one I'm sure my position would still be quite small so I think I'd still be able to get in and out, but are there other things I should think about when it's a thinly traded stock and question number two. Is there a certain amount of? Daily volume you like to look for when considering a stock foreign investment. What volume do you want to see to not be? Quote thinly traded stock. Yes very good question in thinly traded stock just refers to the either the amount of shares or the dollar volume of shares that would trade on any given. Market Day and so. The. Thinly traded stock. The the problem is that you may not necessarily able to buy and or sell at the prices. You necessarily think you might be able to in other words when you look at a stock's price and you're looking through the. What what's going on throughout the day on the market, you'll see that did ask spread, which is essentially the bid. Ask spread is it's what someone's willing to pay for the stock versus what someone is asking to be paid for the stock? Because you know you have a buyer and a seller on on in every transaction they're. Normally most cases, these business business bread is very tiny, the couple of pennies maybe for most stocks because they're. They're heavily traded right there. There are plenty of dollar volume. But there are a lot of smaller companies small caps in particular in in you know a micro cap, specifically that don't necessarily meet these kinds of thresholds, and so you definitely have to be aware of that now I'll go back in time just a little bit, too. When we were running the service here at the fool called million dollar portfolios Roman Romani portfolio that we help manage members, and it was never really a problem, but we did have a condition in there. We were always looking for at least ten million dollars in average. Trading volume total daily volume now understand I'm not saying the number of shares saying the amount of money so basically shares times price, but we're always looking for at least ten million dollars. That wasn't set in stone it. It was an idea for us. It wasn't ever really a problem because we had a very diversified portfolio with a number of different types of companies, but when you're looking for smaller companies, you would've just keep that in mind that did ask. Spread is is something that just because it says the stock is twenty dollars. That doesn't necessarily mean you'll pay twenty dollars if there is a a big spread there between the bid, and the ask in so I think whenever you're considering stocks that have any lighter trading volume or thinly traded stock. Just be sure to use limit orders. Limit Orders of let us stipulate the price that you are willing to pay for or that you're willing to. To accept a if you're selling a limit, order is just a really good way to protect yourself from any unwanted surprise thinly traded stocks. You might not always necessarily get them when you want them, so you might have to lead that limited are in there for a little while, but but a limit order is a great way to protect you from any unwanted surprises. Next question comes from Randall. I'm in my late thirties now, but earlier in my life. I was very very bad with my money. Collection Calls Welfare and bankruptcy or not strangers to me. I've been at the bottom then I met the love of my life, and she convinced me to turn things around ten, and a half years later and I have done a complete one eighty, I took control of our finances rebuilt my credit and started investing and listening to all you find folks all. I opened it investing account with the goal of saving and building enough a down payment on a home. I'm happy to say we've now reached that goal. I recently sold at a profit because I didn't want that. Money tied up in the market. If we are close to needing it for a house, but now that we're here, I'm not sure what to do. We currently rent a basement apartment and our neighbors general living situation are less than ideal to put it mildly. So, we're champing at the bit to jump into the housing market that being said the experts have been calling for a drop in the housing market for a while, and that was before the pandemic hit now I'm worried that if we buy right away a year or two or three from now, interest rates will spike, and we could be put in a difficult situation. I live near Toronto. Canada or the housing market is already highly inflated in relation to the rest of the country should I be worried? While Randall first of all congrats on turning your financial life around love hearing success stories like that so good job on that. So I'll start with my standard answer with the rent versus buy decision, and that is just pull up spreadsheet and compare the all in cost of renting, including what you could earn on the money that use for down payment versus the all in cost of buying including the opportunity cost of putting down payment as opposed to having invested as well as insurance and taxes and maintenance, and all that stuff and project, where you might be in five to ten years based on various scenarios on what happens to stocks, if you. Rent an invest the down payment versus what happens to? What you'd look like depending on where home prices go. Generally speaking. If mortgage rates go up, that could way down on real estate prices we did see mortgage rates. Go Up for a bit a few years ago, but the housing market did find, but you could certainly envision a scenario where rates went much much higher, making houses, much less affordable and prices would have to adjust. But I don't expect that to happen anytime soon. I think we're. GonNa have low rates for awhile, but beyond that I don't know I've given up trying to predict where interest rates are going or even paying attention to people who try to predict where interest rates are going, so who knows? That said since you live in Canada. I thought I'd check. In where rates are these days and I and I got a brief reminder that things are actually different in Canada so I did a little bit of research. And then realize I had reach out to someone who knows, I reached out to Canadian Motley fool analysts Jim Gillies, and he had some thoughts so first of all just for you non-canadians out there. It is really different so in America. We get this thirty year mortgage than we have the same payment for thirty years. It's fixed. They don't have that in Canada. What's the most common is a twenty five year? But only the first few years or fixed. And then adjusts so in that context you can understand why Randall is worried about interest rates going up because over the next depending on which alone he gets the most popular is a five year fixed, and then you basically have to go get a new loan probably. So that put that in context, a little more, but also Toronto, really is crazy expensive. Vs from the end of last year that put it as the most overvalued real estate market in the world behind Munich. As Jim pointed out in our call here in the US we had our housing peak in two, thousand, six, two, thousand seven, and then we had what he called a reset, which is basically prices came down significantly candidate and have that slight downturn at home prices, but then they just kept on going up, so it really is different there, so when Jim explain all this to me, the difference in mortgages and the difference in home prices. Frankly he was inclined to say to this guy. You Might WanNa rent for while more and see what happens, but he also had the good advice of okay. What if you buy in prices? Come Down Fifteen percent twenty percent. What if they come down to a point where he upside down? You owe more than the home is worth. Are you okay with that? If. You're okay with that. Maybe it's okay to do that. But it certainly sounds like dicey situation than if someone were telling me like I'm thinking of do this in Dubuque Iowa or something like that. couple of other differences. In case you're curious about Canada in the US. Your mortgage is portable in Canada south. You Buy A. Get the five year mortgage, but then move get to take the mortgage with you for the next house and interest is not tax deductible. US Look at you, Robert, broke? Camp Can Canadian real estate experts there you go. Next! Question comes from Chris. I was on twitter the other day and saw that one of your contributors Brian Feroldi tweeted that he doesn't believe in a long list of technical trading terms and then modern portfolio theory. Can you help me understand what not believing an MP? T with mean this? He believed that diversification doesn't reduce risk. Also every financial adviser I've ever talked to his preached empty, so I would love to hear the counterargument. Jason you're not Brian for all the. Question I am not Brian for all the do get the talk of Brian Pretty good bit though. I I must admit I. Don't know what he said here in regard to modern portfolio theory and all of these technical trading arms. But I think I can take a guess. Generally speaking I agree with them, and I think you could sit there and look up the portfolio theory in you know read about it as much as you want. Just go to google modern portfolio theory, and you can dig right in there, but in a nutshell ultimately, what modern portfolio theory is the intention behind it? It's meant to reduce risk while maximizing returns. It assumes that investors don't like risk. They prefer less risky portfolios to riskier ones in order to achieve a certain level of return so right there. I kind of kind of lost me right there because I don't believe that every ever investors risk averse I think some investors have a very. Healthy, appetite for risk, and frankly I would say I got a pretty high tolerance for risk when it comes to investing, made it just because of what I do for a living but I. You know to me I like having that trade off least unhappy. Happy to take some risks there. If I feel like that upside, it's going to be potentially worth. So with modern portfolio theory, it introduces a lot of fancy math in the form of variances and correlations in order to come up with this. Quantifiable, investing strategy that ultimately helps reduce risk while allowing the investor to achieve. Certain returns in. Maybe it works for some not I'm not dismissing it personally I. Don't use it, I don't personally subscribe to it I. Don't need it. I think honestly for us. In a really believe it's extends to to most people in our full universe is that is individual investors I think a more meaningful way to reduce risk. is to just extend your timeline like invest longer. So like Tom Gardner said a number of years back when we were. Working on Motley, fool one basically take your take the time line that you think you want to own any individual stocks you buy shares of starbucks and I plan on owning it for you know five years. Okay, we'll just double it. Cloning it for ten in all of a sudden right there. You've given yourself more time. Time is one of the big advantages we have is individual investors. Money managers don't have that advantage, Wall Street done generally handed abandoned, either, but if you can be patient and just invest in good businesses. That risk really starts to come down over time. There are plenty of studies out there. That show that risk comes down the longer you hold onto those stocks, which into me, just renders modern portfolio, theory, more or less not useful mean on things, not useful for everybody, but it's not useful for me and based on Chris. Question It sounds like a agree with what Brian was saying there. We think I'll add to. That is I agree that risk is really not that much of a consideration if you are saving for retirement. But once you are in retirement man, and just say like you know what the market's not I'm going to extend my time highs in ten years. Because you need to spend money in that situation, I think diversification is important. It's important to have assets that don't always move the same direction at the same time. For some fools. That's just as simple as keeping any money need the next five years in cash, so you're right out any ups and downs, and that can be fine. But I. do think it makes sense to have. A mix of investment so that right now, technology stocks are doing very well, and we hope that continues to do well, but we remember was that happened in two thousand from two thousand to two, and there were down for quite a while anyone who retired in one, thousand, nine, hundred nine, or so it was very happy to have some small caps value maybe a. A little international, some reits to ride out the storm Yeah I think we talk about that often like recognizing where you are as an investor in life, are you in the grow your wealth stage, or are you in the protector stage, because they are two very different strategies, and we're all hopefully going to be in both of them at one point or another right? I personally and still on the grow your wealth stage I. Think we all probably are, but you will at some point get to where you need to focus on protecting the wealth that you've made so that you can then have that money to spend, and that definitely will dictate your investment strategy things that you're invested in and whatnot. Generally speaking I do like the idea for people who are just risk averse and have this notion that investing is just too risky. I mean the fact of the matter is not investing as far away greater risk like not investing. You will never grow your money if you don't the best, so if if if risk is a problem, I think generally speaking. Along the lines of diversification idea that that bros. talking about him, he just invest in invest in SNP index fund is something that just follows the progress and p. you know you're going to be participating in and if you look at that over the over the stretch of time, their five ten twenty thirty years, I mean that trend does go one way. It, but clearly the older you get, the more you need to start focusing on protecting your wealth, and that will change the way you view things. Right next question comes from Alex from Alexandria if I buy Muny bonds from another state in my IRA. Is it still taxable and Alexander with who we have a bond on and we do have a bunch. I know Alex up super excited about having a bunch on in Alexandria to I can't believe I haven't been there. It's like two miles from my house, but we still haven't been oh i. know because there's a global pandemic going on and we. saw. Alyx if we buy me bonds from another state in my IRA is still taxable. Bro, help him out or her or so Muny Barnes. People Invest Immunity bonds because they're free of federal taxes and in many cases. If you're buying bonds issued by the place you live, they might be free of state and local taxes, so that can be doubly triply tax free. That's why people buy 'em. There are some times, however that if you own immune, abound outside of an IRA. Pay Taxes and this surprises some people. There's something called the minimum tax. If you buy immunity bond at a discount, and then it matures at par. If you buy a distress, Muny bond for like you put an eight thousand dollars, and you sell it later for ten thousand dollars as a capital gain. You'll be taxed on that. So, there are some times when you would pay taxes on media. Now, Alex is asking what if it's an IRA? Do I have to worry about paying tax interest. If it comes from another state and the answer is no, you won't have to worry about that. The only thing I would say is. Generally speaking immune bond already has built in tax advantages, so you wouldn't keep it in an IRA, unless there's the example of the stuff I was saying previously like for. It's one of those exceptions when him UNIBOND would result in taxes than you might WanNa keep it an IRA, but generally speaking. If you're going to buy Muny Bond, keep it out of an IRA. Next question comes from Boone. I just did my first. Roth conversion and looked at that old account for the first time in. There was the expected dividend producing fund I remembered, but there was a stock chesapeake energy that I had completely forgotten about since I purchased the stock in two thousand, six fifteen. It's down way down like eight point five percent off the purchase price. What should I do with it now? It's in a tax deferred accounts so I. Don't think the loss is realized until I. Start to pull money out of the account and that might not. Not Be for fifteen years current value of all my shares will be about one percent of the value of the account after the conversion. Do I sell in the very little value? I had left and depend on E. Trade to keep up with lost for me or should I hold on based on the slim chance. The stock will be worth more in the next ten years. Oil Stocks do act unusually on occasion, only oil stocks. Stock everything else makes that usually. Chesapeake has been really. Interesting Story to follow and frankly. I don't I. Don't know that I would look at it today. As a business that I'd WANNA own so typically if I. You know I think it was yet idea. Didn't sound like a position are actively building united investment didn't work out. I mean that that happens to all of us. We don't get them all right. We have a philosophy here at the full. A lot of do we like to? Water flowers and pull the weeds, and that's just a nice way of saying. Add to our winners in to get rid of losers in. This I think is more than likely slated to continue being a loser I mean. Chesapeake has lost a lot of value. In it does sound like based on when you purchased this, these is absolutely busted I mean. There there are all sorts of reasons to sell one of them is if you thesis busted and the reason why you invest in the company is is no longer the case, and I would he probably is the case with Chesapeake so to me like you know, you could sit there and let it go, but but what's the goal trying to get back to even, or are you trying to get back a couple of bucks for me a lot of times? I'll I'll take a little opportunity here and there to just go ahead and pull those weeds sell it. Be Done with it. In even though it's just unique out a little bit value there, you can still take that money and do something more productive with it. So. Yeah T to me. I can't tell you to buy or sell obviously, but I can certainly understand. Selling in this case, but I you know. As as oil and natural gas energy can can turn around. This is going to be one that has a lot of headwinds in in. You might be waiting a very long time to to get any of this money back. I point out here that I it seems that maybe boone has a slight misunderstanding of how taxes in aries work because he talked about realizing the loss when he takes the money out and trade keeping track of the loss for him, it sounds to me that he thinks that he can write the loss off whence he takes the money out. That may not be the case, but just to be clear. One of the great benefits of an IRA is you don't pay taxes on the gains, interest and dividends from year to year. But. One of the drawbacks is. You can't take a capital loss on that as well so there's really no no way to benefit on your tax return from this loss. Next question comes from Benjamin. You recommend seeing a fee. Only financial adviser for check in every so often I know there is the Garrett planning network and others to help find an advisor. But what questions do you ask? And what answers do you listen for when trying to find one that is worth his or her one hundred fifty to two hundred fifty per hour. So I would say start first with asking yourself some questions. What are you looking for? You could go for the whole launch. Lada where someone is managing your money analyzing retirement plan helping new save and a five twenty nine. Maybe even doing your taxes with some financial planners do help with the state planning, or are you looking for something more targeted? You just want advice about am I saving enough for retirement, or are you close to retirement? You're like I just WanNa make sure that I'm doing right when terms like choosing my Medicare plan and claiming social security at the right time, so first of all just be very clear of what you're looking for. Then if it involves investments in any way, you WanNa, make sure that you find someone who is at least in the general same area philosophically and I say this, because many financial planners are hardcore index. And if you come to them as a motley fool, listener member with a lot of individual stocks. They may say okay. I'll give you some general asset allocation guidance, or they'll say I don't care if you like to pick. Stocks are not my advises, sell the stocks and go to index funds, so you want to make sure that if you're gonNA, ask for any sort of investment. Advice that you wanna find someone who's someone somewhat at least aligned for what you're looking for. Once, you've got that then. Just asked some of the typical stuff. You might expect so credentials certified financial planner. Are they a CPA either their personal financial specialist. How long they've been in the business. There are lots of people who. have not been in the business very long. Even though they're not young people, a lot of people choose financial planning as a second career, which I think is great, but just because someone may be look like they're in their forties or fifties. Sixties doesn't mean they've been in the business that long, and you WANNA. See if they've worked with someone like you right so if you have. Maybe. You have a large amount of wealth large income huge portfolio. You WanNa make sure that they have experienced with dealing with those issues, but on the flip side to if if you have, are you know middle income, decent size portfolio, but nothing too complicated. You don't WanNa. Go to someone who's used to dealing with someone who's wealthier partially because those people charge a lot more. You want to find someone who's kind of a little more lined up with what you're doing. Then make appointments with three folks. All of them will do get do free. Get acquainted means, and you're just looking for someone who you feel comfortable with. Since, you mentioned Garrett Big Fan of the Gary Planning Network and other is is not for the National Association of Personal Financial Advisers. But Garrett on their website has a how to choose an adviser section. Just Google attitude visor Garrett Planet Network has a great chapter from a dummies book that they wrote about how to choose adviser, and they have a good questionnaire that you can print out in US asking lots of good questions of financial planner. It's tough. Choosing a financial planner like my mom just went through that Bro! Is You know and she didn't really have a lot of options in Boise Idaho. Maybe two and one of them, she I never called her back, and never got back her, and the other one was just so busy just so busy, and just she just never. It's it can be rough. Finding a financial planner can be I. Think what we'll see is one of the consequences of this. Of the coronavirus pandemic. Just, like we are all used to working from home, many financial advisors and financial planners an now working from home. So in what they're doing is they're becoming licensed in more states. So, if you are more comfortable, working with someone over zoom remotely I think you don't have to stick with someone in your area. You can go beyond your locations, but you know some people don't feel comfortable that if if they're going to have someone managing their life savings, they want to be able to meet them in person. That's just a personal choice. All right next question comes from twitter. Is that right from sully what I hear? Okay? I just listened to the episode mentioning Your Weakness Two. Shopping carts and Tj, Maxx that me or you Jason. Accused me. Thoughts on the stock. If I had a war on Amazon, basket would be Costco TJ maxx Home Depot tractor supply. What would be your basket against online retail? That's funny. Well okay, listen I wouldn't have basket against online retail, because online retails where it's at. The whole idea. The whole idea behind the basket approaches to find a long term trend that you feel like the world is headed toward and so the war on cash basket, for example that was always one about people using cash war, traffic payments now with that said I get the spirit of the question some going to answer it because I do like some of these ideas. And I I would definitely include Costco in their in Home Depot's well. Home Depot gets a lot of my money. Doesn't, but they have a very loyal fan base of customers that just are happy to renew year in year out. So I love those membership models there, so costco and a Home Depot for sure you know I'm going to give a little shout at my wife Robin I. Know that she would approve of my adding target to the mixer. She hasn't been raving about targets APP and ordering on the APP the able to go to the store. Just pick it up right there I've talked with Ron Gross on more than one occasion about target and how this really has. Become a twenty first century resale right they're doing. They're doing everything online and in physical stores. What they call Alma Channel and then my fourth and I'm GONNA. Take this. You probably aren't expecting this when Alison. I'm GonNa Shock and all you. I'm ready. I'm ready Alta. We're going. Make up my I know my daughter's love. It ugly ugly Mug like this. What do I know about makeup? Tell you what. Get! A House with two daughters and a wife. That's what I know about make. There's a lot of it in an Ulta is a really really good business. They actually have a very nice diversified revenue stream. They've got the salon a`dynamic of the business which encourages people to go there they do have an online business. They have an augmented reality function there at where you can actually like. Try things on makeup to see how it looks. Mary Dillon just a phenomenal other adults of that's my fourth, their Ulta but they I appreciate the spirit of the question I like the idea I'm not saying this is the basket. I'm not tracking this basket in a not a not backing this basket, but in the spirit of the question if I had to develop. A basket, such as this one I think it'd go with those four. Yeah, I mean I guess you just have to think about what retail out there is something that you would still physically go to. Because the actual retail experience is being in the space is the experience and what you're there for? And I know I mean before Corona virus we I would go to target and just just couldn't believe how much money I had spent from walking through a few of the aisles. TJ Max is just a phenomenal business I mean what they've done through the years. Is really capitalized on the nature of the business, the advantage they have in that treasure hunt kind of nature like you go to TJ Max, maybe not necessarily looking for something, and then you end up finding a lot of things, and it can be a little bit lumping at times, but but generally speaking like management's a very good job of running that business, and they know how to exploit the advantage of experience. I think they're online game. Though I think they could probably get something going with online, and they just have not have not yet and so I. Haven't since Corona Virus for example. I haven't spent a single dollar there, but I continue to still shop at. Home Depot I. Think Yeah! We still shopping at home depot because we're doing. You know you gotta buy lumber somewhere. And I know my grandparents out in my my inlaws out in rural Virginia. They love tractor supply store, but that's not. That's not in where we live, but. Still New deck at the house there allison. I mean you, can you see? A big exposed beam behind me and some drywall work that needs to happen. Have lots of drywall work that needs to happen now though. Yeah Anyway get to that. All right next question comes from Matthew. I got married to my amazing wife nine days ago in a small Kobe nineteen wedding in our front yard after we postponed it from its original date in April all. It was definitely different, but still very special. My question is in relation to this wonderful event. My salary has been at a level that has allowed me to fund a roth. Ira I love the optionality of it, but after marrying my bad ass, wife are combined. Salaries are now over the limit that would allow me to fund the Roth. IRA does this affect occur immediately? Do I need to now open up a traditional. IRA and begin funding it or do I have until the end of the year. Matthew wants a Roth Bachelor party one last. Well Matthew I have bad news. When it comes to most things in taxes, your status and your age and things like that depends on where you are on the last day of the year, said if you're married on the last day of the year, you were considered married for the whole year. So that means if you contributed started contributing to a Roth IRA for twenty twenty. You need to call up your brokerage. Firm and re characterize that as a traditional. Now don't have any other traditional IRA, as it's very easy to do the back door, Ross which we've talked about before you can just google it or even when you call the brokerage, just say I want to do the backdoor. Roth and they'll tell you what to do. If, you have other traditional IRA as you can still do. It just becomes more complicated and you'll probably pay more taxes. So you, but you may not be totally out of luck and I should say that's only if you have a traditional IRA doesn't matter if your wife has traditional areas. One exception by the way of of what I just said. In terms of tax status and last day of the year is distributions from retirement accounts before it's age fifty nine and a half, you actually have to be age fifty nine and a half to avoid that ten percent early distribution penalty, unless some of the many exceptions that are out there exist. Right next question comes from Warren Warren Buffett. Maybe I don't know that's why I was thinking. He's asking about coq, so maybe maybe. Once James Opinion on coke. By? Or hold? Wants to now. I'd give buffet night give. Kiesel Warren of the same advice and I would say. For some I'm not buying it. Not Buying it I'm not holding it if I own it. I guess that means sell it. Even Atlanta Georgia person like you i. feel like it's almost sacrilege. I am pretty close to probably not being ever even invited back. But the facts are the facts. Okay, I mean you do have to look at the stock itself has been ain't bad stockton for the last five years. I mean I do understand why when you look at it what they do, I mean they have. Four hundred master brands, and less than fifty percent of them are the big global brands that are actually responsible for almost all of their revenue when I say almost only ninety eight percent, so it's a business. It's very reliant on on. You know a small portfolio of really successful grants. The problem is now. We've always talked about cocoa beans such a great distribution story and that's true. They've got a distribution network. It's just phenomenal, but the problem is now. They're what they're distributing is is being seen as not so good for you in so you're seeing them. Have it into to essentially pivot away from what you know brought them all of the success for all these years. Years in soda and that that's not going to change I. Mean you're always GonNa have people to drink soda? People are not to drinking as much soda going forward in the numbers of just kind of the kind of shown that through that through the quarters in the years of Coca, Cola and Pepsi Pepsi. Has the salty snacks division, which I've always been very. Impressed by I, mean I love a good Cheeto, and so I mean anytime you can throw a bag of those cheetos in my Patriot Amok GonNa, turn it their coq. Interrupting, but I think this is also very important point. You tried the Jalapeno White Cheddar crunchy cheetos. The White Shit or so. I've tried to Jalapeno ones but I've not seen the white Cheddar White Cheddar Jalapeno crunchy cheetos. Don't get the puffy. The poofy ones are not as good, but the crunchy white Cheddar Jalapeno Cheetahs. them by them. They're amazing. I have to back. Pain you. I'll get those next time. I promise I, mean Eh. One. crunchy wants the puffy ones, so that people won't you're not? You're not seeing poopie. Who using poofy Joe Copy? We'll be Coca doesn't have that dynamic of their business. They don't have that dynamic to their business, and they've suffered from that Pepsi's Pepsi's outperform coca-cola over the last several years. It's not safe. Pepsi or coke get it back. I'm sure they probably can. But what I am saying is I think there are a lot of better ideas out there, and so I wouldn't be putting new money into Coca Cola and frankly if I did own it. I probably would look at selling it and you know if you've got a beverage company, maybe own starbucks. It seems like the science coming out in support of coffee, right? It's coming and telling you that these sodas. They're gonNA. Make you fat. Coffee, it could extend your life. It could help you live longer. SMART Mexican looking this a starbucks as well is. That sounds like study from the copy roasters of America. Do! Something that Chris Hill sent me the other day. that. We sleep at night. I'm glad I've been drinking coffee as long as I have God knows what I would look like otherwise. You're a good looking man. Rick. good-looking next question comes from. A. I'm trying to save money for my kid's College. Fund while the five nine is a great option. I'm limited to investing in mutual funds, which means at best I'm going to get what the market gets assuming I do some sort of low cost index fund and I be a capital F. Fool investor have been doing much better than the market in the last three years of being a member of. Of Stock Advisor Enroll breakers, even during this pandemic mess by listening to every full podcast and following David and Tom's and yours and every one else's in the full universe. My portfolio of about one hundred stocks is up here today. Thirty percent to the market's down five percent as of day as of today weighed down by three sluggish five to nine plants that are also down five percent each. I feel like throwing away money by using the five to nine, and not being allowed to select my own great companies in which to invest. What's more, my understanding is that the five to nine does not count as an asset for the kid when applying for student aid, but the coverdale does. So I come to you with a simple question. Can I have my cake and eat it, too? What if I wanted to use the coverdell to buy individual stocks? Until the child is nearing college? At which point I then converted to a five to nine. This allows me to get better returns and avoid it being an asset for financial aid and get the favorable tax benefit. So, chose this question, because first of all Dune does a good job explaining the benefits of the coverdell over the five twenty nine, you can buy individual stocks. You can buy and sell them all day long. We recommend that, but you can. Whereas with the five twenty nine, you can only make two changes to the investments a year, and it's all mutual funds. So. That's you did a good job of explaining that. I will point out with the coverdell. It's gotta low contribution limit of only two thousand dollars a year, so for some people save more for college, but they can max out to cover it out, but then put the rest in a five twenty nine. One thing that doomed does not have quite right. Is The financial aid treatment the financial aid treatment? Coverdale's and five twenty nine is identical. They're treated as assets of the parent, not the kid that is favourable from a financial aid perspective. It's not negligible doesn't mean it doesn't have any effect on financial aid, but it's better than an asset that is owned. By the kid. He can. Transfer money from the Coverdell to the five twenty nine. If for some reason, he decides to do that, but you can't transfer it. The other way around so were convinced to try out the covered. You have money in a five twenty nine. You can't move it from the five twenty nine. To the coverdale. What other interesting thing that he pointed out is that he is doing very well with his investments, and he owns about one hundred stocks. We get this question a lot. Either on the show, or on the full live that we run every day for members of full services, and that is how many stocks should I own, and if I owned too many are not just owning index fund watering down my returns, but here's an example if someone owns a one hundred stocks is still crushing the market. Idol last question comes from Cameron thoughts on the valuation of Stone Co in light of the corona virus for a fragile country like Brazil. This could be the tipping point after so many other headwinds. But how does that affect stone? coz Business Jason I. Don't even know what Stone Co is. What is still business? Yes, don't Coz a payments company that's focused on Latin American markets in Brazil and particular in so I guess it could be. Draw you can draw a parallel to to a with square through pay pal at, but generally speaking I mean it's payments. Company focused on Latin America. Primarily Brazil. Is the big money making market kind of like Marco Libra, they're. In I, I, it's a it's. A NEAT opportunity, gained a lot of headline recently, when and it was, it was seen that Berkshire hathaway. Warren Buffett's company Berkshire hathaway taken a five percent position in the company, which is pretty considerable i. Think in the near term. You have to acknowledge the fact that. They're gonNA, be some real headwinds in in Brazil particularly because of the pandemic I mean. The flip side of that is role in same boat kind of in that regard. The entire world is dealing with it, so it's not specifically you know it's. It's not particular to one economy or one country some. To get hit harder than others I, do feel like Brazil. Be at a place where they can recover from this given You know some of the other businesses in the area. I mean that that that I think is. Who knows ultimately how? That's GONNA shake, but generally speaking. I think the move away from cash towards cashless. Transactions in and financial software that's not stopping if anything, this hastens that which which is what I think, Cameron's talking about there and for a company like stone. Co, neither are other companies in the space pags bureau in roquetas libra to but you know moving money around is a big big market opportunity, and there's nothing that says they won't be able to expand well beyond the Latin American markets, too, so I I'd say cautiously optimistic I mean I
Pen, Parchment, and People
"Right when I think about reading the Bible. It's typically about reading these letters. That's right, so here's my hunch. Is that some of them? Because they're short. Some of them are just to five pages. Yeah, Colossians, you first Peter. That you actually probably did like read them beginning to end, though not always, but not not typically actually not typically not typically. Yeah no, because. I was always looking for that. Moment of I can apply that or that makes sense that'll. That's a thought I could dwell on, and then you're done. and. It's almost like a treasure hunt. That was like my. Yes, sure my experience, so yeah, if you can get that in three verses boom. Yeah, awesome, you're good. Why read the whole paragraph? Your heart is warm and filled with the love of God from two sentences. Yeah, to stay right there, man yeah. I get it. It was a revelation of sorts to read all at one go, I remember in Bible school where we went i. think we had to read Romans in one. Go and Kinda talk about it structure and I've spent a Lotta time in Romans by I never read it all in one go. Yeah, how ever just sat down and just read the whole thing in one go? Yes, and that was a revelation of sorts I. Remember that, too. When I first started to read the letters so. We'll look at these a little bit later, but there's two places in the New Testament letters that actually show you all. Read one of them. One is the line near the end of Paul's letter to the Colossians Colossians Chapter Four Verse Sixteen the third the last sentence in the letter and he says win. This letter is read among you all have it also read in the Church of the layout sins? That's down the road and you for your part. Make sure you read my letter. That is from Sarah, so I wrote a letter to both of you. So when you read them aloud also. Make a copy and send it down the road. Get a copy of this, too. So we don't have that letter right unless the letter to the visions. Unless the letter, the we call a letter to the efficiency is the letter to. Big Rabbit, Hole. was important. Here is Paul. He doesn't even instruct he just assumes. How are the people attending the House Church or House churches and Colossi going to read this letter. And the fact is. They're not going to read it You'RE GONNA listen to likely ever. The so the original recipients of the letter to the Colossians, the vast majority did not read it they listened to it, which means they listen to as a whole? It takes twenty five minutes to read. It's the media they had. Yes, that's right. He makes a similar comment at the end of First Thesselonians to and there he actually instruct saying I instruct you read this letter before everybody the actor everybody's there. So the New Testament letters were actually written to be heard they were written to be listened to by a group of people. Now, of course I'm sure he would be happy if people actually sat down and read it closely. And certainly the people who put the letter in the hands of is we're GONNA see letter. Carriers were most often the people who were commissioned by the author to go. Read it aloud you with instructions, having received instruction about it and so on, so let's start there. That's a really different way to encounter the New Testament letters than how? You grew up, isn't it? Yeah Yeah so we have to have conversations about reading the letters as a whole and learning not to take sentences out of context. But that's because we live in a culture saturated with translations of the Bible, and where the primary way people are encouraged to engage. The Bible is by themselves alone. quietly maybe at the beginning of the day. And that's not the type of literature that the letters are designed us. It's like your inspiration guide. They are inspirational, but the primary way they're meant to do. What they do is to have them out to a group of followers of Jesus.
2 Kings 19 and Psalm 46, 80, 135
"Today, we revisited part of the story. We I read on Day, two. Oh, six including! HAS ACI response to Kingston Aker ABS threats. We're reminded of how humbly he responded when troubles came as way, and since we've read this story before you probably recall that after this when he's been blessed, and has stockpiled fortunes, and he gets to live an extra fifteen years, his heart Arc's away from God, it becomes prideful doubts God's words and live somewhat airless Lii. One of the things we didn't touch on home. I read this story. A few days ago was the part where God puts a spirit and snacker. That will cause him to hear ally. There are a few noteworthy things about that burst. God is in charge of evil spirits there on a leash, and they have to do what he says and go where he commands that comforting second God himself didn't mislead snacker. Scripture tells us repeatedly that God cannot lie. Bruce Sixteen eight says he's incapable of it. It would be contrary to his character because according to John. Fourteen one of his name's is the truth. Is the truth, but God's certainly does use equal for his own purposes when Romans eight twenty eight says he works all things together for the good of those who love him. Evil is included in that list of all things, the good, the bad and the ugly the truth he speaks, and the rumors other speak. So. He allows snacker up to be misled. If you think that might be an unjust response, try to zoom out and remember how sin. Acura of has been Lee bought your way and his leaders tell the people of Judah that they shouldn't let y'all way. Trick them into trusting him. This is a merciful response based on what's inaccurate. Deserves from God. Isaiah also tells has a that they will win this war without even putting gas in their horses, and he's right before a Syria can fire an aero toward Jerusalem God's Army, an army of one shows up and wins, but it isn't really a balanced fight. The Assyrians are way outnumbered by the angel of the Lord who kills one hundred and eighty, five thousand of them and one night, plus he has the home field advantage since he owns the whole earth and whatnot, then eventually, king inaccurate is assassinated just as God promised. Next! We jumped back into the psalms. There were two verses in Psalm, Forty forty-six that stood out to me in light of what we just read. Burst this reference to Jerusalem in verse five stood out. It says God is within her. She shall not be moved. God will help her. When morning dawns, this is certainly what played out over the course of the night. When the angel of the Lord showed up and won the battle for them while they were sleeping when morning dawned, they laid eyes on God's victory. The second verse I loved is the most famous one in this chapter Burston be still and know that I am God. One of the things we've seen repeated as you've been in Isaiah lately. Is this idea of quietness and rest and trust? This stillness fits right in with that, doesn't it? In Psalm Eighty the corporate cry is for God to save them and restore them. In this song Israel knows its identity and echoes it back to the God. Who gave them that identity to begin with? I love this imagery in verses eight nine? It says you brought a vine out of Egypt that vine reference to Israel the people the ones he rescued from Egypt. Then it continues saying you drove out. The nation's and planted it. You cleared the ground for it. This is a reference to Israel the place God drove out the Canaanites and planted them there, and now they've been burned up cut down plucked up and they ask God to restore them and promised to praise him for it. Someone thirty five is where my God showed up today. I really love this psalm. I went through it and circled all the action verbs where God is the subject and here's everything. God does in this chapter. Chose Jacob in Israel. Does whatever He pleases, he makes the clouds rise. It makes lightening brings forth the wind. You struck down. The Egyptians is sent. Signs wonders you struck down many nations. He killed mighty kings, then gave their land to Israel he will vindicate his people. You will have compassion on his servants E, Doyle's in Jerusalem. God does a lot of things here, and as we look back on all of them. We see his hand to bless his people. To restore and redeem the very ones who have repeatedly gone astray from him. and. He doesn't do it begrudgingly. He does it willingly joyfully. You know we know that because I six says he does whatever He pleases. It pleases God to adopt centers into his family, and call them sons and daughters. It demonstrates his great art bore redemption. You will vindicate his people. He will have compassion on his servants. It leases him. Wow, ease where the joy
How to Stand Strong in Every Season of Life
"A baby when they first start walking. They prefer to hold onto something. And we're like that too, and that's okay in the beginning. You want props. You want people to help you and so every time you get in trouble you, you call somebody you know you need to be encouraged into. People always have to keep you propped up, but the time comes when God's GonNa. Kick all those props out from under you and you'RE GONNA have to face the enemy yourself and learn how to stand strong. And then be strong for other people. Well this man was still laying there, depending on everybody else. Everybody else always gets ahead of me well. You know what I think I think in thirty eight years. Even if I couldn't walk, I think I could have wiggled. Thirty eight years come on. Surely, he could've wiggled over to the edge of that pool in thirty eight years. And had this attitude next year. When that angel comes I'm going to be the first in this pool or I'm going to drown trying. You know what Jesus said to him. He didn't say oh. You poor guy. Oh Wow thirty eight years and nobody. Puts you in. And everybody always gets ahead of you. No wonder you're down in life. Why Jesus get up. Get up. In the Bible there's a big exclamation mark. And then he said clean up your bed and take it with you. I like that not only does God. Want us to get up wants to clean up our mess that we've made all those years that we were lying around the Muffin. Six. Says that versus twelve and thirteen our struggle is not against flesh and blood. But. It's against the rulers, the authorities the powers. Of this dark world, and against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly realm. So we're fighting a war where we're in a war, but it's spiritual war. It's not a natural war. How are how are you going? beat the devil up. You can't double up your fist and hit him. You can't choke him. You can't knock him down. We have to fight him spiritually. Bursts rt says therefore put on the full armor of God. So that win, the day of evil comes you. Don't wait until you're in trouble to put on the armor of God. You wear it all the time. And the armor that God gives us. It's spiritual on her. It's not like a suit of armor like a night would have worn. It is truth the Bible says. Tightened the belt of truth. When you're standing your ground, tighten the belt of truth that means hang onto the word of God like never before. When it seems like none of it's working for you. Hang onto it like never before. Don't let the enemy steal it from you. I love Romans Eight. where it says sometimes we looked like sheep being led to the slaughter, but right in the midst of all of these things we are more than conquerors. Got To remember that when you look like a sheep being led to the slaughter. Come on somebody in that place right now. You tell somebody you know. There's not a believer that you've got victory and they think he's lost your mind. Cause Today on. You looked like none of this is working. A man, and that's what the devil wants you to believe. None of those work and you're wasting your time. But that's when you tighten that belt of truth, and you say my breakthrough WorldCom God is faithful. It's righteousness. It's knowing who you are in Christ. The breastplate of righteousness it covers your heart. The shoes of peace. The helmet of salvation. If you're going to be a Christian learned, think like a Christian. Lifting up the shield of faith. Not Good enough just to drag it around with you when those fiery darts come you lift it up. That's what I did this morning. When the Devil said you're done, you're preaching. House is good as it used to be. In the spirit. Lifted up my shield of faith. Wire went right on studying. I tell you those things because I want you to know that. No matter how long you're welcome with God. The enemy is still going to try to lie to you. It may be fewer and further between but. I think about that and I think how amazing. After all these years, and all the thousands and thousands of sermons, that I'm preached, why in the world in the middle of my studying? What I hear something like that because Satan is a liar, and he always wants to make you now here this doubt yourself.
David Grey on Barefoot Dynamics
"You're listening to another episode of just fly performance podcasts. It's awesome to have you guys here. I hope you're having a great week and thanks for tuning in. So, one of the ways I've been evolving in my journey as a coach has been in really getting into more of a joint base model over a muscle based model on not just in Rehab but also in performance. And I've learned this from several coaches, the I was was in the performance, Roman, that was working with the dairy embar, and then I got into it on the Rehab End with Gary Ward at the end of the day. And I'm sure you've seen this. As this podcast has gone along, but but starting with bio mechanics, starting with the model, by which the body organically and naturally moves and going there I, and if it's that's broken than fixing that I rather than. Working jumping to exercises and muscles I and it's the body is a beautiful thing. We learned so much from it in Moi's excited to dig into it and more of what it does. I'm thrilled to have David Gray back on the show David was our guest for episode one sixty. We talked a lot about the link between pro nation the. gluts, incomplete knee extension, sprinting and running and whole lot more. David is a Guy David is a bit of A. A conduit for me in the sense of he was my first exposure to get rewards Wedge System David I have been corresponding the last year on topics of the foot and pro nation. We oftentimes end up working with the same athletes in the online space together me of the performance end him on the Rehab and and bio mechanics, and it's really been an amazing learning experience for me so I wanted to get him back on the show this time. Flip initially flipping the script. We talked a lot about pro nation last time. And I wanted to start off the show actually addressing super nation, just because I think pro nation can prone as the big thing, but we. We don't just focus on one thing like it's not. The human body is not just about one thing or one side of the equation. If you listen to my podcast with Rocky Snyder recently, I had an experience where reducing the sensation of super. Nation in my foot had me feeling a little bit more like. Like my old, my springy high school self, the way that my feet were popping off the ground, and anyway I just wanted to get into that element of the foot, and we also get into a lot of ideas on on barefoot, and why actually we always say barefoot awesome, and it is, but for some athletes and some clients it actually may not be all. It's cracked up to be based on some pre existing factors, so we're start off with a lot of great talk on the foot and super nation pro nation barefoot. And they we're GONNA get into David's thoughts on a joint base model on addressing knee pain, Achilles Pain in David's go to's in making sure that kinetic chain. The integrity of the kinetic chain is there when we're looking at does an athlete. How would it takes to stabilize joins properly to move properly and to have this baseline by which all other strike strength interventions can be effective, so whether you are looking to get out of pain or years looking for a fuller understanding of the human body, and that joint base model by which we move and operate. This is an awesome. Awesome Show David. He's such a wealth of Knowledge David Guy. WHO's learned from the best of the Best Gary Ward Pasta? Restoration Institute the Martial Arts. The list goes on every time I talked to David. I always learned something I'm always so impressed with such the wide lens that he takes on athletics and the human body, so that all being said let's get onto episode to twelve of the podcast here we go. David Mandate. It's good to have you back on the show. Hey thanks very much for me. always great to. Actually saw I checked before I came on its nearly a year since we last on a podcast and we've chatted quite a beating. In that year, but I'm going to go to catch up for sure. Yeah, a lot of lot's happened since our last I guess. There's a lot of chatting and and cool exercises and things we've. We've shared in the virtual space with that in the time that we've talked so. It'll be great to get to a lot of that today and. Last time, the topic was pro nation. And then this is some of the stuff we covered since our last show, but. Super Nation right like I. Mean it's like you have to be appropriate, but I think I'd like to cover the opposite end of that spectrum if we're always looking at the the interrelationship so. Crew start off a little bit. By what is the? We need to be functional and and and build a work well athletically, but what is the importance? Maybe I describe it to, but what's the description, the importance of being able to superstate the foot in human movement. Yeah? I guess, yeah, we did talk about pro nation quite a lot last I'm I'm quite detailed. The forties quite detailed Bush. If you if you want to call it, pro nation, just kind of the flattening the actors of the flush. than super nation will be the opposite. It's kind of the lifting the actions of the Ford in the foot sex. Alaskan coma. A more rigid lever and people would typically say pro nation is a bad thing and super nation is a good thing, and in reality one doesn't exist without the other. There is no down. There is no left without Roy. On deeper. Are Stalking one of these shootings tend to be the people who have a problem so would see that people who are. On, it's not necessarily about Harrier. showed are any part of your body how it looks. It's it moves and we had this conversation. A little bit recently is why. It's very much about how your foot moves, so if if you look like you have a more pro-native flush. All you would be much happier with you. Having more prone naked are slack force that can actually. Experienced some super nation on some pro nation than someone who looks like they have reading noise neutral looking. For actually can't experience either and so it's not that Pro Nation Gordon Super Nation is bad. Our voice farsight so that we need boats. It's like saying it's like saying the people who say that pro nation is bad. It's like. You shouldn't your spine to the left because you're splitting, should go left and Royce on your foot should go less than Roy on opened their own an in and out, and all these different ways, and that's where moves and if you're going to. If you're going to walk through, should woods you think of where we came from in forest or something like that and your photos is landing on a different tweet in different rock. Rock on every single footstep. Ken, in Footsteps Day Probably Double Dash at our ancestors than your foot, better habitat variability on better be able to react to the surface that you're that you're moving on, and that kind of reaction to this office is a pro nation. Not kind of push off is more of a super
Reading the New Testament Letters: Q & A
"How to read the New Testament Letters. Let's start with a question from Damian in Minnesota Hey. Tim and John. My name is Damian. Leverett and I live. Live in Saint Paul. Minnesota I'm a classically trained theater actor and performer, and listening to these episodes has made me wonder if it could be a fruitful practice for churches to have people like me. Trained in speaking complex texts in an active embodied way, read the letters in their entirety in live gatherings. What do you think about this idea is? It's stupid. Are there any pitfalls or problems that you'd foresee? I'd love your advice. Thanks for all you do all right. I'll respond first Damian your idea is the opposite of stupid. It's actually brilliant and so important, and yes, you should do it. No questions asked. All Right? That's my first response. was here's John for sure? Yeah, you. We talked about how these letters were originally heard. Read Aloud. Yeah, that's right and that there is something about. Hearing it all in one sitting that helps you Kinda feel the shape of it in a different way. I noticed when I read. I get really stuck like what did that sentence mean? I don't keep moving. But, if you're in a situation, where just being read aloud in listening to an audio version of the Bible, that's really powerful, so so if you have a vision for using your experience in theater. That's awesome. Yes, John and I. Both knew a guy named Jason Nightingale. Who had just ministry nonprofit, he called word sewer ministries, but essentially he memorized all the books of the New Testament. Did he do all of them well? I don't know that for certain, but the sampling that I. Know that I've heard him. Recite before makes me think he's for sure got. From the gospel of Mark to the book of revelation Romans, Hebrews. Fijian's so we back when we were in our twenties, heard him. Yeah back in the nineties. Nineties Nightingale. But Man. This guy traveled all over the US and the world reciting books of the New Testament and then sometimes he would give short little homily. Reflection afterwards, but his main thing was to recite whole books the New Testament in one go for groups of people with such a booming. Yes, wonderful destroy had a uniquely amazing voice yeah. So yes Damien I. It's a wonderful idea. It should be normal I. Think this kind of ministry should be normal in the life of a local church. Yeah, having somebody who's like the memorizer and reciter of books of the New Testament. So guts be Damian. Go forth and memorize and recite his question from Lauren in Indiana Hi John and Tim. This is Lauren and Fort Wayne Indiana I'm listening to your conversation on the New Testament letters with my usual rapt attention, and in episode three is John expressed some frustration that the theology. The New Testament isn't more thoroughly connected and expurgated. It made me wonder. Wonder whether Paul as a Hebrew scripture scholar, who understood that it was as you call it. He Meditation Literature. Do you think it's possible that he crafted his epistles in that same way so that people would need to hear them and read them over and over to really get the depth of meaning just curious. Thanks for all you do God bless. It's great question. I thought that was really insightful. Question. It is true especially Paul the his letters are hard to understand. There are or you could say there are many parts that are difficult to follow. And you remember at some point in the series. I mentioned passage in Second Peter where Peter felt the same way That's right. Yeah, yeah, he says there are some things of Paul's letters that are hard to understand. However the question is. Is that intentional? He could. Is it a bug? My hunch is that for Paul's letters that it was expensive to write. Letters can talk about this future episodes. How how letters were actually produced and how expensive it was and the process involved, but I think part of it was just the way he communicated through these letters and the way his mind work. was like a beautiful mind. In terms of. Is this guy crazy or is this guy brilliant? I think it seems you can just feel bursting out of sentences in Galicians that there's whole volumes. He could riot on what's underneath just a couple of sentences and so? I think you actually could. You. Do need to read them over and over at least I have for years, but I'm not sure it's necessarily because he crafted the way. The Hebrew literature is crafted I. Think it's he was raised on that literature, and so he certainly is shaped by it and talks things by, but I think it's also just the nature of him his unique personality, and then the letter medium. How would you think I hear what you're saying there? Yeah, he not designed with the same maybe. Maybe intention analogy that scroll in the Tanakh would have been designed potentially, but he had internalized that design, and that tradition, and that tradition so much that it undergirds everything. He sang by Medicare, eating on Hebrew Bible, and then meditating on what Paul's writing. Yes, as cool chemistry that happens totally which I've noticed. Yeah, yeah, working on this project with you so many things come pop a lot more when when I start to see the things that that Paul was seeing And which are things that you've been pointing out these patterns and themes inside?
The City of Carthage
"Welcome back to another episode. Five minutes in Church history on this episode. We're going to a place to a very famous city in the ancient world. The city of Carthage Carthage was first settled by the Phoenicians. This of course was a crucial city right as were on the Mediterranean Sea. Carthage came to be known as the master of the Mediterranean. Sea Trade after the Phoenicians was part of the PUNIC. PUNIC empire, and then under Caesar Augustus who reigned from fourteen BC to twenty seven ad. Of course, this is the Caesar Augustus of the Gospel Narratives in the birth of Christ under Caesar Augustus Rome to control of Carthage and it became a great Roman city. It was second only to Rome and the Roman Empire Rivaling Alexandria from time to time for that position, but most give it to Carthage. At any given time in these centuries, the population of Carthage would be two hundred fifty thousand people that had all the telltale signs of a Roman city. There were theaters in the republic buildings. There were the extensive baths. There were aqueducts for. Water across the city, and even into the fields for farming, there was an extensive Roman road system. Soldiers were kept. There was a very busy port city and a very prosperous city. It also has quite a role in church history. It was the home of Talionis. Of course. Is that great church father from one sixty to two twenty as the one who gave us the word Trinity, and brought together all that biblical teaching of who got is in his Trinitaria and being, and so we have the word trinity coined at Carthage and two Oh. Three Carthage was the site of the martyrdom of perpetual and Felisa toss those very brave young women, and the wonderful story of their martyrdom in their courage in their stand for Christ. Well, it was at Carthage. and. The to fifty CIPRIAN was bishop of Carthage. This was on the heels of the decian persecution very intense persecution by the Roman emperor Shas. And after the persecution, and there was some relenting of it, folks were allowed back into the church created quite a controversy was known as the Donna test controversy that raged throughout the church from the fourth to sixth centuries and a key player in that controversy was CIPRIAN Bishop of Carthage. In three ninety seven. It was the site of the Third Council of Carthage. And the topic of discussion was the New Testament Canon and coming out of that council was an affirmation of the twenty seven books of the New Testament, so it played a role in the Canon controversies in development of the Early Church and in four sixteen, the Palais jeans were condemned at Carthage, so it played a role in the development of the doctrine of original sin. So what a fascinating city with rich history both in terms of the ancient world end in church history well as Rome was sacked by the barbarians in four ten carthage was sacked by the vandals and four, Twenty Nine Carthage became the capital of the vandal empire which spanned across that great north. Coast, and of course that North African coast had the Mediterranean Sea to the north, and the vast Sahara desert to the south. Is Long came on the scene, the six hundreds, and began to threaten from the East and Right at the end of the six hundred at the battle of Carthage Carthage fell to Islam. It was dominated by Islamic control. There was a brief time during the Crusades when Carthage was retaken, but only for a short time. It remained Muslim throughout the era of the reformation and right onto the present day. Carthage in the present day is a suburb of Tunis. Capital city of the North African nation of Tunisia. Tunisia's the first government North Africa to give protection for religious freedom. But the nation itself is still dominated by Islam and while there is a church. They're going way back to those early centuries. It is still a church that suffers persecution in our present day.
Text-to-Speech Wizardry - Niclas Bergstrom, ReadSpeaker
"Our? Our goal is to be the number one platform independent to specialists and what we do apart from developing selling web-based SAS solutions for learning management systems and educational content so forth speech, naming websites bill so develop high-quality custom voices spilled using deep learning methods that you can deploy basic on any hardware aging from embedded systems to high capacity servers, or in our cloud very nice. Okay, so that's the nicest distinct explanation. What kinds of applications do companies use your text to speech voices for then what the main areas you sees them being employed for. I think it's all the traditional industries if I've your call centers of course, but also since we have lots of the small footprint, high-quality Texas beach voice his where quite big in the embedded space as well so for can be anything from assistive technologies, these by people with impairments or Romans, or any non connected device, so that is I think one of how sorry I totally lost here. and. I'm thinking embedded devices, but these are things that help people speak. People have lost the ability to speak. Acceptability, on the web, we're kind of thing. Yes, accessibility for people that struggling with reading a lot of contents on the screen, basically so they can have help. Basically having their content read outs online directly into learning management systems or directly in the educational content again. Yeah, and then what we have seen of course in the last year of course, an explosion of a requests coming from burs, kinds of dialogue system so voice interaction platforms, virtual assistant, smart speakers, and that is why we started to focus quite a lot on streamlining our process to develop custom voices interesting, okay. Okay so this whether the businesses picking up on this speak aside then what kind of applications what kind of things that people actually using these custom voices for? Why would people choose to use a accustomed voice on a voice application as opposed to just the standard Alexa voice for instance with the Google voice well, I think there are a few different reasons I mean one is that if you have your own voice, your branded voice that are sort of well aligned with your your brand values and sort of its sounds like the company that you want to sound. Like. A, logo type basically so or graphical to sign that you use for your company voice is equally powerful in the voice space, because if if all the information and applications from older brands for example, not one of the popular platforms assistance platforms, if they all sound the same, so of course quite difficult to distinguish one brand for from an utter I think in the brandon voices like with lower types and. And stuff there are certain brand values that you can communicate to get war. Yeah, it's truly the what you're saying to convey the values of your brand to be more memorable. I guess as well so people recognize your brand through the sounders in addition to the visual kind of branding the everyone's today, not make sense you see. Guys produce high-quality text to speech voices using deep learning models to older. Older is that right? These are unique voices. You make for each company. Is that right? Yeah, yeah, correct I, mean we do have Jerem ninety different voices of the shelf to has more in a thirty five different languages currently. We're used to grow that quite a bit this year, but really even though if you can, you can tweak the existing voices have slightly different character and so forth but many. Many customers do want to have their. You know they have specific requirements on what their voice. Their corporate voice sort of should sound like some customers even have their voice talents. If they are currently using for can be in the VR system can be four different touch points like a radio commercials for TV commercials, so it's it's a voice that when you hear it. You immediately associated with this brand. On the the sort of sonic branding part, some the have very strong preference of having a specific sort of language, obviously gender age should be like very formal sound should be more like a young hip sound or How does your brand sound I mean that is the important question and that is identified is about scouting the right speaker that fits well with those requirements and basically start to produce a custom tedious voice.
Meggan Watterson | Christs First Apostle and Her Gospel of Love
"Hi Megan, welcome to the House Meditations podcast. Thank you, thank you for having me. Yeah. I'm really excited to to speak to you about. Of Topics today that includes your meditation and condemned practices. the life of Mary Magdalene in Christ. Women in early Christianity, and as you write in your book the Christianity we haven't yet tried. We haven't tried yet, yes. I think it might be instructive for our listeners for us to situate our conversation. By talking about the person of Mary Magdalene so, can you tell us who Mary Magwar mangled was? What was her relationship to Christ? Well, I love to start that conversation with. A clarification, which is that Mary Magdalene was not a prostitute. 'cause most people. That's how they have come across our. That's how they've been told about her is that she is the penitent prostitute, the woman who sinned much and was forgiven much So this. was a story of fictitious story created about her around the sixth century it within the Catholic tradition and the Catholic Church has actually. wrote a formal apology in the nineteen seventies and have corrected that misunderstanding of her and then Pope Francis recently rehabilitation sort of rehabilitate. That's the word he rehabilitated her. And she is now officially the apostle to the apostles, and that to me is very significant, not because there is anything ever. It's not that there's anything innately derogatory about sex in the body or you know. Anything having to do with that it the reason why to me it's so significant and important is because it begins to us closer to the truth of who she really was. Which which is the person Christ resurrected to? Right, she was his witness. She was there at the Tomb, not by accident not. Happen to just be in the right place at the right time if we include her Gospel among the other gospels that were co defied in the fourth century, if we if we reintroduce her gospel as just as significant just as worthy of taxed and scripture it. It speaks to Christianity, that included her included her in authority clued included her partnership with Christ, and that's really how I would describe and define them regardless of whether you ever go the sort of Davinci code rabbit hole of Were they married and. Did they have a physical relationship. They have a physical relationship. Physical Child You. We don't even need to go there at this point right now. It's so significant to identify and what we can know. empirically is that they were companions. They were partners and we know that from the. We know that even just from the New Testament exactly that we add these other Gospel, so can you help so for those of us? Who aren't scholars of the Bible or theologians? Can you help situate us? Okay? We have the the new. Testament that actually speaks about Mary Magdalene. Just spoke about that. She was present at at the resurrection, and she was the first person who Christ spoke to right after. They have that. We have that like an that. When I was raised Catholic that was the story was a prostitute who he was speaking to that what I was told. These whole other said of writings of Gospels that were around. There wasn't a codified Christianity after Christ right there were. Complaint Forms of writing. Right. Can you help us understand that? Yeah, I get really excited, sorry. When we talk about this early form of Christianity before it was could have at. It wasn't cofide until the fourth century. So that's important to understand so there are hundreds of years where there's a Christianity that's being practiced that so radical and threatening to the Roman Empire and the idea of. Existence being ranked according to a hierarchy so educated Roman born men are at the top, and then it. There's all different layers in positions of power but women. Prostitutes slaves would be down there at the bottom meaning, having no rights, and not having a sense of. Being able to have autonomy and voice and power themselves so Mary Magdalene would. Be Way down there at the bottom, not because she was a prostitute because she was a woman, women didn't have any rights or own property so. This form this early form of Christianity. If we re introduced scripture like the Gospel of Mary Magdalene like the Gospel of Philip, which names Mary as Kreis companion. The Greek word is Kono's, and that word can be translated as partner, beloved or companion, so the gospel of Philip names. Miriam of Magdala Mary Magdalene as the companion of Christ
Paratrooper's family wants answers in mysterious death
"U. S Army is offering a reward in the case of a murdered Fort Bragg, paratrooper from California Weeks after his brutal killing the grief stricken family of slain army paratrooper Enrique Roman Martinez demanding answers. It was so cruel what they did to him like, Why did they have to do that? To him? The 21 year old mysteriously vanishing from a memorial Day weekend camping trip with fellow Fort Bragg, soldiers near South core banks, North Carolina. When was the last time you saw him? So we always met at mate. That's logo three. And that is the last time we saw the army, saying Roman Martinez was last seen May 22nd wearing just blue shorts, his friends reporting him missing. About 19 hours later, his phone and wallet left at the campsite. A week later, his dismembered remains discovered washed up his death ruled a homicide. His sister says. Something just doesn't add up. Brother can't see without his glasses so for him to walk out in the middle of the night without his glasses. It's not likely the commanding general for the 82nd Airborne Division, saying his unit is in mourning, writing. We will not stop in our pursuit to bring those responsible to justice. Army investigators are offering a $25,000 reward for any information that leads to an apprehension and conviction. In this case, it's
"roman" Discussed on Stuff To Blow Your Mind
"Right. We're back, so so, Joe. What? What is the next organism? We're GONNA. Discuss here. That was made to to fight gladiators in the arena. Well It's not it. The next one is a plant, but this is going to be one of the main examples that that people often bring up as something that was likely driven to extinction by the Roman Empire, so my main source. Here is an article from conservation. Conservation biology from two thousand three by Ken Parade Co called plenty the elders. Sylvia first recorded species extinction..
"roman" Discussed on Focus On the Family Daily Broadcast
"The sound of a hammer striking spikes driving them deep into the wood. It's a sound conjures up a grueling image of Jesus sacrifice on the cross a John though sounds make me really uncomfortable because today is good Friday and we along with millions of Christians around the world are remembering what Jesus did for us by taking our sins upon himself in dying as a sacrificial lamb for all of us and anticipating the joy of Easter. As we remember Christ's death on that cross We have a very unusual focus on the family broadcast for you that you won't forget. This is a very creative look at Good Friday John You know it's natural for us to look forward to Easter and enjoy that proclamation. Christ is risen But how can we truly value the gift of eternal life if we don't understand the enormity of the sacrifice that he made for us so it's important for us today to reflect upon. Jesus Christ's death on the Cross for each one of us and we're going to hear from a good friend. Joe White he runs Kennicutt camps in Branson Missouri My son Troy's been there in this message. He's putting on the character of a Roman citizen back in the first century whose trade was making heavy wooden crosses used for executions and he is building the cross which will hold. Jesus. Christ as you'll hear a joe is a larger arena in Houston Texas and as we began. He's coming down the center aisle dragging an enormous piece of timber. It's a beam about fourteen feet long. Which is the state of the cross that he will build on stage as he speaks. It's really remarkable in here now. Is Joe White sharing a Romans? Perspective of the crucifixion at a conference called men at the Cross on today's episode of focus on the Family. Make another one in a hurry. They said gotTa have it today. He goes up with the two thieves from Hebron barbarians variance. They are scum of the Earth Barbarians. A licensed in their smelly dungeons and be better than this torturous. Death Been Building these death trees for twenty years and they must like the way build a Roman cross because they keep asking for by the by the hundreds they do swear by Julius Caesar they in a worse way to die. Jesus they call this man. Everything's been different since he stepped into this country. Two maybe three years back and now they're nailing him to a Roman Cross and even this has to be different he claims to be God. Head is a mouthful win. A man makes himself out to be God. We Have No God in my homeland of Rome but Tiberius. Caesar and everybody knows that he no God. Jesus they call him. I will never forget the look on my sister face. The day she went to hear this man. Jesus speak about the Sea of Tiberius. Maybe a two three day walk to the north and I will never forget the look in her which she returned from watching him teach. You thought she'd seen God in the words. The she told me that he spoke. He spoke words like no other man. He spoke worth like a man under authority. He spoke words like a man like a man who believed he was God in those words this. She told me that he spoke. I will never forget his long as he said blessed the poor in spirit for theirs the Kingdom of Heaven Wherever whatever heaven is supposed to be blessed for the Peacemakers for they should be called the sons of God and I don't even know him on father. How could possibly know what it means to be the son of a God? I'm not ju I'm not a Hebrew but I've watched these remarkable people for the last twenty years of watch these people and according to their belief system the Hebrew believe there is a god it every year every year this same week. They bring their lambs through that gate at a cost the city into their temple where their lambs reexamined by their high threes. And if the hype responds those Williams to be spotless. Unblemished that high priests sacrifices. Those lamps in the blood of those lambs will forgive their sins for a whole year. This man Jesus. He claims to be the lamb of God. The human lamb of God sacrificed himself. He says for the sins of the whole entire world. Believe that Doi- bleed. He's a sacrifice for the sins of the whole world. I don't know if I believe that I'd like to believe that. Because if it's not true in there's a God and he is the Holy God that the Jews say that he is out of the Gutter of Rome that I live would be headed straight for hell but if it is true if what this man claims to be about himself is true then maybe maybe even a Roman Cross builder. Maybe even have hope. I'll tell you this if you promise not to laugh or tell anybody that I told you so with this. Jesus he claims in three days the huby laugh after dying on this cross and I will tell you that no man survives a Roman Cross. It is painful any of the slow but it sure death. According to Roman Law to Rome with corners will examine his lifeless body after he's dragged down off this hedonist cross and they will sign his death certificate according to Roman law if they're incorrect in their assessment of his death and they'll be crucified for their mistake so he'll be dead because everybody does on the cross Friday and Saturday and Sunday is man claims that he'll be allowed on Sunday and if it's not true and he's not allowed you'll never hear his story again he will be scrubbed from history but if it is true if he's alive on Sunday in this will be a story that this world will never forget so. I don't know about you but I'm going to be around on Sunday. 'cause I'm going to watch with mass to see things real fees of fraud like all the rest so I'll be around on Sunday I will be around will end of drama but not into story and you would think in your irrational and twenty one hundred or so years later after going through Roman crucifixion. After having crown of thorns stuffed in a man's head in the mockery of one of the many trials that men went through being stripped to the waist and put across the state for the Roman flogging the most feared torture in the history of all man's inhumanity demand somehow surviving the Roman flogging with the cat of nine tails that would literally peel the skin off a man's back and chest and just figure face so bad I witnesses would say you could recognize the man after the flogging and indicate across the hill so awful to heal itself was called the skull and then to be completely stripped. All humiliation and have to Roman blacksmith spikes driven one in each of his wrists and in one down on his feet in hung for full. Cher's you would think that that would have been the end of the Jesus of Nazareth the carpenter's son. You would think would you? But frankly men to the surprised. And honestly the utter disappointment of the tens of thousands of cynics and critics who sought to bury this man since that day and that you continue to say in the following that followed him since that day. The NICCHI's tears Darwin's the linens the marks to Stalin's the Mayo's Osama bin Laden you name around the world those who've given their whole lives to Kesse let man from history. It was not the in in fact historians throughout all the generations and through all religions societies would agree whether believers are not that that one single day was the most watershed the earth changing day in all of human history. It wasn't the end it was the beginning was only the beginning. Fact Our missionary friends around the world men. Tell us today that every single day every single day around this world over one hundred seventy six thousand new converts to follow this man named Jesus who was nailed up two thousand or so years ago every day in Russia over twenty six thousand every day in China over twenty four thousand every day in Africa over twenty thousand Central Latin South.
"roman" Discussed on Unexplained Mysteries
"In eighteen fifty one the French Ministry of Public Education Dispatched Assistant Librarian. Leon Regnier to Algeria. He was tasked with uncovering the secrets of this foreign land to them. Algeria was shrouded in story and legend ready to be explored and uncovered while they're regnier explored a Roman fortress that had once belonged to the LegCo trae Augusta or third Roman Legion. He was astonished to find that the site which dated back to about one twenty C was still well preserved. He could even read and decipher the inscriptions. On the walls and pillars rainy-day surveyed the property and noticed that there were no fewer than fourteen hundred. Different pieces of text scattered all through the ruins. Each one told a part of the story about the men who'd been stationed there but one particular inscriptions stood out a dedication to the commander of the LegCo trae Augusta Lucius Novus Chrispin Martin Saturnine as the engraving described Chris Bonuses Entry into the Senate his role officiating the annual Equestrian Troy Games and most importantly his service as an officer with the ninth Roman. Legion the same legion. That disappeared around one twenty ce Christmas tribute wasn't dated but over time a pig refers were able to connect the dots. His credits included his work as a Roman magistrate. Commanding forces in New Media Africa. Cross-referencing this to other historical references. They were able to place his term somewhere between one. Forty-seven see and one forty nine C. Working backwards from their researchers determined that Christmas had been a soldier in the Ninth Roman Legion some twenty years earlier around one. Twenty seven to one twenty nine see over a decade after the Legion was thought to vanish. Meaning that the ninth might not have disappeared after all. Welcome to unexplained mysteries apar- cast original. I'm your host Molly and I'm your host Richard in life. There's so much we don't know but in this show we don't take we don't no for an answer every Thursday. We investigate the greatest mysteries of history and life. Honor you can find episodes of unexplained mysteries and all. Other Park cast originals. For free on spotify over ever. You listen to podcasts. To stream unexplained mysteries for free on spotify. Just open the APP and type unexplained mysteries in the search bar at podcast. We're grateful for you our listeners. You allow us to do what we love. Let us know how we're doing reach out on facebook and Instagram at podcast and twitter at podcast network? This is our final episode on the disappearing. Ninth Roman Legion. One of the Roman Empire is most seasoned armies in gruesome battle against Queen BOUDICCA IN SIXTY CE. The Legion lost eighty percent of their men. The weekend unit was subsequently stationed in York or the last traces of the ninth Roman Legion were found and supposedly legion met. Its end last week. We journeyed from the possible formation of the ninth Roman Legion during the social wars through their battles against pompey the great and Queen Cleopatra Up until the Legion disappeared from history. Around one twenty ce. This week will cover the many theories surrounding the mysterious ninth Roman Legion and how they might have met their fate for years. Historians believed that the ninth had been wiped out during their time in York but evidence has surfaced to suggest the ninth may have survived beyond the reign of Emperor Trajan which ended in one seventeen. See It's possible that they even fought in the second Jewish revolt around one thirty five ce before it was finally disbanded for good the problem with all these theories is the same. The meticulously bureaucratic. Romans left no record of the ninth destiny. So even our best guesses are shrouded in mystery.
"roman" Discussed on Unexplained Mysteries
"Then. They heard of nine Roman legions arrival outside of camelot Dunham. Queen Boudicca rallied her tribesmen to face the twenty five hundred men of the ninth Roman Legion. Their swords still wet with Roman Blood Buddha Kaz warriors raged into battle pulsating with adrenaline. And Courage the ninth. Didn't stand a chance. Queen Buddha's warriors came from every direction. Any strategy the ninth had was thrown to the wind as these unpredictable. Feral barbarians annihilated them decades of training passed down from the legionary generes before were forgotten in an instant. They were surrounded with no way to escape the sophisticated and largely undefeated ninth. Roman Legion was ripped to shreds in a matter of hours according to the Roman historian Tacitus. Almost all of the ninth Roman Legions. Men died in that battlefield. General Serena's along with a few members of his cavalry are believed to have retreated before reuniting with the members who remained back at camp the battle of camelot Dunham later came to be known as the blood soaked massacre of the Ninth Legion spotless. Reputation of the indestructible ninth had been tarnished overnight. At the hands of a woman but Queen Buddha cow would not be the nine Roman legions final enemy coming up the ninth. Legion gets a second chance before completely vanishing from history. Now back to the story around sixty one CE after losing eighty percent of their men to queen. Boudicca the ninth. Roman Legion was enabled to bring themselves back up to full strength in the three weeks after their loss three more Roman settlements were attacked by tribes. Who joined the Queen's rebellion? More than seventy thousand lives were lost. The Romans knew they had to put down Queen Buddha Kaz rebellion or they might be driven out of Britain for good. They hunted her down and the two sides met in battle once again. The odds were not on the Roman side. They approached the fight with a depleted army. And were once again. Outnumbered by Buddha Kaz warriors which included around three hundred thousand men and women but Roman General Pauline. Is's strategy helped to keep Buddha. Casse WARRIORS AT BAY in the end the Roman legions were able to defeat the tribal queen shortly after her loss. Queen Boudicca died either from an infected wound or suicide with only a few hundred men left wide eyed Lee generes of the ninth Roman Legion were sent to Germany to recruit new members. But the ninth was never going to be the indomitable legion. It had once been in seventy one. See the still weakened. Generes were instructed to move north to Modern Day York for a different task. Their job was to keep tabs on the brigade's as a northern tribe that had not yet been conquered by the Romans the ninth was supposed to prevent them from moving south into Roman Britain and instigating another revolt. Under General Guinea's Julius Agricola. The Ninth Roman. Legion was soon back in action. In seventy nine ce the ninth Roman Legion reinforced with multiple. Auxiliary ARMIES MARCHED FARTHER. North into Modern Day Scotland. It was time for the next chapter of Roman domination. The caledonian tribes in northern Scotland were well aware of Rome's violent reputation in the south. It's very likely that they had been preparing for the day. The Romans would finally arrive on their doorstep and the Caledonians did not plan to surrender without a fight by eighty to see Agricola believed the best plan for attack would be to divide his army into three separate divisions so they could approach from different directions. Unfortunately for Agricola words spread to the Caledonians who targeted the weakest of the three units? The ninth Roman Legion. Once they'd stood as the most prolific and honorable of all the legions. But now they've fallen from grace. There were nothing more than sitting ducks.
"roman" Discussed on Wait Wait... Don't Tell Me!
"The game where where people with valuable skills have absolutely no chance to use them. It's not my job. Alison Roman worked in restaurants on both coasts. But didn't like it. It wasn't until she quit that Ajab and started writing recipes for bone petite in the New York Times that she discovered she had an amazing talent coming up with food. That people didn't just love to eat. They loved to cook it. She was responsible for. Its social media has called the STU the cookie and the dip Alison Roman the chef. Welcome to the radio show. So what is it true that you did start off working in restaurants in the food business and I actually actually loved it at first and I think it was around eur six or seven I. I realized that I was hoping to find another way. How long have you been interested in food? Are you one of those kids who always wanted to cook dinner. No not until I was in high school and I joke that like I used cooking as a way to not do homework I felt like the question I get asked. My parents have come home. They'd say did you do your heart and I'd say no made dinner and that got me a little bit of time But I eventually had to be both but I understand. I've never been able to understand how you cookbook authors. Keep coming up with new recipes because haven't yeah we thought of them all already. I think about that all the time. It's actually all I think about the thank you for needling at that anxiety. I do worry that that have often said that. It's all been done. I think that food is interesting enough to where you are able to come up with one thing every now and then you're like I never thought of that before partner. Never seen it and thongs right like there's only so many bars or notes and you hope that no one combination that you're coming up with is has a unique place in the world. So you're you're pretty well known your. You made a chickpea stew that everybody was making and posting about an instagram. You've got to go into the today show and make call the stew did that. Yeah did that surprise you. It definitely surprised me because I had been writing recipes for so long and I had my first took him out and I had a recipe called at talked about our topic. Trump's shortbread cookies and that actually was the first time they got so popular. And I always say that. I don't think there could have been do without the cookies right so you had the cookie. You've had the STU how you have the dip. That's in your new book. Yeah when people come over to your house. Do they have very high expectations of what you're GONNA be able to provide for them. Because they're my friends. They know me they met like people. Wait in line to talk to you. I don't know we're going over to Alison's listen south. I expect we're going to try the leftovers. Oh what do you have left over from your photo chase that we can feed from. You're in the New York Times cooking website which I personally love in us all the time and as I'm sure you know you get to choose recipes search recipes recipes including your recipes and there are comments. It's on them. Do you ever read the comments. You know I try not to think that it can be helpful especially if there are concerns about a recipe working our problem with something but for the most part I try to stay away. Because it gets me to riled up I'm too emotionally invested in these things but yeah I mean I think the cooking unity is great because people are constantly certainly making this as their own and putting their own spin on things which I fully fully support. But I think when you criticize something you don't follow instructions or you. Don't follow the recipe. Then don't connect me for that. You know I told you what to do on Turkish mentors have you ever. You were like wait a minute. I didn't realize I was hitting a nerve here. Have you ever gone have you ever. Because I'm sure you've gone on into the website and like posted a comment like you know. Shut your mouth you Philistine or now that would be bad for my her for me and for everyone who does what I do think I try to be great. This is why you need a secret account. Yes like now. Like like like Mitt Romney's peer does they said they go on and be caddy. Not As yourself yes right exactly well..
"roman" Discussed on Wait Wait... Don't Tell Me!
"Don't tell me Hey Peter to to Jeff Mitchell calling in from Boston Massachusetts now. I've spent a Lotta Time in Boston and I know a lot of people who say they're from Boston are actually from someplace lame like we need him from Boston Boston just outside working well. Welcome to the show Jeff. You're going to play a game in which humans tried to tell truth from fiction bill. What is Jeff Topic? I retire retirement. Hire meant when decades of work is rewarded with decades of boredom. This week we heard about somebody retiring from a really remarkable career. Our panelists are going to tell you about it. Pick the one who's telling the truth. You'll win our prize. The waiter of your choice in your voicemail ready to play. I'm ready I let's hear from Helen. Hong a Canadian school district is grappling with what to do about a recently retired longtime school cafeteria. Cook Elsa Bennett. The Beloved Cook was praised appraised for decades for her friendly report with her middle schoolers as well as her super cheesy Mac and cheese. The school itself was widely known to have the most well behaved the easy going and unusually calm student body. Well it turns out Miss Bennet secret ingredient was. We'd you know how wild kids are. That age said Miss Bennet while taking a long pull off of a giant blunt. So one day I put a little Hash and CBD MIX and my super cheesy Mac and cheese. And what are you know. The kids calm down so I did it again the next day and again the next I apparently Miss Bennet had been getting her middle schoolers blazed for years when asked how she could afford to keep two hundred kids high as a kite on a weekly weekly basis for decades. She revealed that this had been an open secret amongst many parents who donated to her so-called Chill charity. Although recreational marijuana is legal in Canada getting children faded is not since most of the parents in the district have refused is to press charges. Miss Bennet may avoid punishment. When asked why she was admitted to any of this? After the fact Miss Bennet responded. I'm sorry were you talking. King cafeteria lady retires after decades. dosing the kids with Ganga. Your next story of for retirement comes from Tombo debt while the Duke and Duchess of Sussex Mega drama is getting all the attention little notice is being given the exit of another lesser sir known but crucial member of the royal family the. US government has its tradition of designated survivor alone acting cabinet member who is randomly chosen to to rule the country. In the event the entire government is rubbed out or quit. England has an older equivalent and their royal repository of the blood out of sovereignty established after the English civil wars in the mid seventeenth century. The monarchy ruled in secret that in the event the entire royal lineages destroyed. Royd looking at you. Ireland the quote third male cousin of the nephew of the discount of Shropshire. So far is can be known to be a scoundrel nor Frenchman. Shell hold the title of royal repository of the blood of sovereignty and ascend to the throne of England in the event. We've otherwise all Ben smote close quote next to the Lock Screen Code for Prince Andrew's iphone the identity of the Royal Rep of the B. S. is the most closely guarded secret in the Kingdom. No one but the queen knew about it so. QE Two's very bad. We got worse. When shoe-seller Gary Thomas of pickle Scott on the blog Shropshire England revealed this week? He was the royal last.
"roman" Discussed on The Indicator from Planet Money
"Support for this podcast comes from the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation helping NPR advanced journalistic excellence in the digital age. These days we think of the economy as something to be managed so for example if the economy starts slowing down going into a recession we want policymakers to give give it a boost historian. Colin Elliott says that is not really how the Romans thought of the economy. They don't seem to have actually conceived of the idea of an economy to me as kind of external thing that needs to be stimulated or that can become You know that can run rampant. That has booms and busts but collins says that the ancient Romans and did at least have a banking system and they did have lending and credit it systems mostly for elites for people who already had money and status Colin refers to it as a relational banking system the banking institutions. Were for the most part quite personal. That is these are individual families or even in many cases just individuals else who have access to capital or they have quite good social relationships but on the whole the it is elites that are that are using the vast majority of the credit system and that is because security in the Roman world is primarily land the crisis of eight thirty three happened under the watch of the Emperor Tiberius serious. He was the second Roman emperor after Augustus. And here's what you need to know about him about Tiberius. He kind of nailed it in. Tiberius is Quite distant as an emperor he spends the latter years of his reign in kind of voluntary exile at the island of Capri. He is somewhat disinterested and and Uninvolved in in Roman Politics Tiberius left Rome for Capri in a D. Twenty six collins says this created a power vacuum in Rome it especially among the elites and the Roman Senate the Senate kind of is is headless and is is acting in sort of confused and incoherent way. And so all these elites these senators. They started backstabbing each other trying to position themselves for advancement into better jobs within the Roman government for example Collins says that even though Rome was by yeah then in empire the Roman Senate still mattered a lot and there were a lot of public jobs still had to be done that were important in which also granted a lot of prestige to the people who got those jobs. For example there was a job of overseeing games and festivals in Rome or the job of managing the courts in the city or sometimes leading armies. And those jobs. Were only the middle rungs on this ladder of honors as it was called and then at the very top of the ladder was the consul ship and there were two Roman consuls. That ruled the the Roman state they had the a power called imperium which was really the right to give a command and expect immediate an an automatic compliance. They had the power over life and death of an individual outside the city of Rome. They could manage courts they called assemblies. They led army's they were sent off after their one year term in office to go and govern provinces so basically these senators and other Roman elites were jockeying for these great jobs jobs sometimes accusing each other of treason to the emperor and again the emperor was not there himself to judge these accusations. He was on the island of Capri and so it was all just a mess. And then some of these elite Roman senators as a way to target their rivals came across an idea they look on the books and some of them them realize that there are these laws that have been on the books for for decades. That are That are that require them to not lend it interest and also require them to to have their land portfolios dominated by land in Italy and they so some senators and other elites a landowning elites had just outside of the Senate are using these laws to bring each other to trial in hopes of knocking their rivals. Down A peg. This sudden force of these two laws which had been ignored for decades is what plunged the Roman empire into a financial crisis. Here's how settle in the bankers. who had lent out money? They demanded they be paid back on all of their loans immediately as they believed was required by the law the problem was that the people who owed the money had already invested that money in land so they had to rush out and sell that land to pay back the loans and when everybody is selling land at the same time the price of land of course collapses and making things worse the Romans who had lent money to the banks now also needed cash themselves to buy land within Italy so that they would be in compliance with the law except the banks. Were not getting their money back fast enough. So there was a kind of ancient run on the banking system. There was a shortage of cash. Nash Land Values collapsed. Fortunes were being lost and even more important to the Roman elites their status their reputations hung in the balance but wait enter Tiberius key orders a bailout. He makes a hundred million sister sees available to be lent out by the government to the elites. Who Need It? And don't worry one hundred million sister sees just take our word for it. It's a lot of money loans. This out interest free to fellow elites for three years so that they can pay back their debt. What they have to do insecurity provide some land as security to the state? So that if they don't won't pay back those loans The state would then presumably confiscate their land and it worked basically the bailout was an injection of money for the people who needed had to pay off their loans to buy them time to comply with the law which is exactly the stabilizing economic policy. That Roman leads needed from their main policymaker the emperor her so land prices stabilized themselves reputations. Were preserved. It's true that it solved this financial problem in in that it allowed elites to To pay back their debts and then private lenders were eventually found as well and the credit market itself Alf was restored feed as was restored but of course also the status of these elites was restored. And that's what this crisis crisis is all about. Colin says people who try to draw modern lessons from this Incheon crisis to argue for example. That injecting money into the economy when there's a bank run on or when loans are being called in or there's a bubble crashing. They're not necessarily wrong. But they're kind of missing the point back then. Tiberius wasn't trying to stabilize this thing. We now referred to as the economy. He was trying to help out his fellow elites and in doing so maybe reminding everybody that he himself was the most elite Roman of all and I think what I think is really important about this crisis is that we remember that that was its principal. Aim that was the principal. Aim of the rescue package. It was not necessarily to restore the entire financial system so into us sort of modern jargon. This was not a Keynesian countercyclical policy. This was bail out for the Roman one percent it was and it it was a status bailout. It was it was a financial base bail allowed but it was also a and most importantly a status bailout. This podcast was produced by Darius roffe on edited by Paddy Hirsch Indicators of production of N._p._R...
"roman" Discussed on Radio Cherry Bombe
"I feel like having a better representation of what's actually happening is really comforting to people because it makes you feel less alone it makes you feel connected and it makes you feel less shame not having those things absolutely I think it's okay to say something like that on the record I I've been trying to follow people like that Oh yeah where it's just unprecedented news and different places and you know you never post anything political or what you stand for I mean I want to know what people care about what they stand for what they believe in are there's a lot happening lately with you believe in Nelson Roman what do I believe in I believe in not using straws to protect our care I believe in affordable healthcare I believe in better protection for our environment so we can have like a planet to live on I'm happy to hear that I believe he planned parenthood bake sale but I've contributed something to it via somebody in my stead because I've just been out of town and so this year I'm like we'll be there in person but yeah just like figuring out like what shape that takes and in what form that takes not shying away from having opinions that you think are gonNA alienate people because without fail anytime I post anything political on third of all don't follow me I don't care like I'm not like worried about losing a follower I jake that's fine if you are offended by something that I'm posting that it's something that three I am definitely unlike in what I believe in and who I support and like in what I believe to be good versus wrong and right versus wrong knowing I feel like that's like a general a cop out but like using cooking food of just being like I don't know man like that's also really nice way for me to turn off my phone not look at the news not being gauged and just kind of not zone out or turn a blind eye or not engaged but just take.
"roman" Discussed on Haunted Places
"On a a pair of brown eyes gentle bright and unmistakably human.
"roman" Discussed on Cheap Heat
"He didn't think it would be helpful in this era being a cancer survivor would be your whole story. Like, it would be such a part of who you are. That's a very good point. And the WW sort of deserves credit for never pulling this out before with all the work Roman does with children and make a wish. And they never once an effort to try to get him cheap. Pop. We're like, you know, Roman like on a can't when they do things about cancer bring out Roman reigns. And announce it they could have really 'cause it was one of the all-time face turns we've ever seen in terms of the crowd just completely over the course of one night going from a lot of people doing this guy to everyone sharing them. So it's interesting that they never brought it up before. And I wonder what the logic was there. I think at the end of just going back to the fans, I think at the end of the day when it comes to something serious as this. There is that separation of appreciation for what the guy does. And by the way, I'm that guy. I am not a Roman reigns fan. I never have been. I've been critic I've been critical of him since since the the jump. But when you hear that he has been battling cancer for this long and been living with it and been wrestling with it. There's a different level of respect for a performer of that level. Who's achieved this much success? I mean, the man's headline for wrestlemanias in a row. Right. And you take it. That's what makes us sad though that like is that it's a printed now. And I it was right there. The whole town. Well what? No, it's true. What were you gonna just want? I just wanted to be contrarian to g but you completely agree with you. Yeah. But listen, but it's guys. It's wrestling. No one has to like Roman reigns. No one no one has to him or you know. But you know, there were people who like they they just didn't and couldn't make seperation though like as much as they want to say they did like their hatred for Roman reigns. Spilled over into like the hatred of the guy and the person like the person making a wish appearances like the person walking down the street all like the person's fans or people in a Roman reigns. Shirt. And that's just toxic. You're a Mark. Nice true. People people were like that people were like that. And it's just as sorta sad because like this part of the show like bulletin ham, or whatever, but to let it spill over into other aspects of your life will call you to Ted out other people can't come on. Anyone anyone who let's any of that crossover in any other part of their life has an absolute problem start out with. I mean is there any more room in Arkham fats, but people have secrets like if if you have something that you've decided is locked in the vault. You can do a million interviews about anything. You can get right next to that information, and it will not come out. And this could be something that Roman had locked in the vault until Monday, it'd probably could've stayed in the until Monday on Monday when he decided that he was going to relinquish the title. They'd want wanted to keep it a secret still they could have. But I think it was cool that they didn't. And then I think it's even cooler. That on the same episode. We get the turn the dean turn on Seth. Yeah. It was just like a twisting the knife. It was one of the greatest moments of the last ten years wrestling, the re the crowd. It was perfect. The cr-. I loved it..
"roman" Discussed on In Our Time
"We find slaves winstons being downgraded by being regarded as lazy as idle asleep you all the time which goes hand in hand with the citizen being alert and bright and they're so this is this is a means of defining what the citizen is a free person at the same time as downgrading that slave to a lower level but let me point out the other side of the coin because we have in in the big legal qualification at the the compilation of laws put together in the sixth century ad by the emperor just in you know under the emperor justinian which starts off with a legal view by the jury's flow and that states very clearly that freedom libertas ruben call it is the natural capacity to do as you please unless prevented by lower etc in other words naturally crudely put everybody's free and then flown tinus goes on onto state but by the law of nations that we all agree to use catch you some people are subjected to the dominion of others is slavery so the rumors have the cake and eat it conceptually juridically they're perfectly aware that naturally everybody isn't that freedom box but there is a different practice coming in to stop it out that's great thank you that's on the media's mild in the third century for two hundred eighty am romans were tell that they had to be christians and someone did and then became the roman empire and the holy roman empire and the holy roman catholic church and how did the idea of slavery or did it carry on integrates unity at the time and afterwards so we know that early christian communities counted many slaves next lives among their members which is probably not specific clean issue about christianity but perhaps is typical of beliefs roman society where the slaves the free and the free board rub shoulders together and it's clear that the christian message like like much greco roman philosophy had contained a message of universalism that might have developed into a critique of slavery and there were certainly some early christian thinkers who tweeted the idea and the slavery was consistent with god's message but it seems that the christian community has a ho very quickly.
"roman" Discussed on In Our Time
"Defect in and so among other things it says that if you were to purchase a slave woman and discover that she was bayram that does kind as a defect and you would be allowed to to claim a refund if you haven't been told miss advance just cleared that they they treat the slave population as something that resorts that could reproduce it self those so well organized live market of very definitely right there is in fact brings me to my the third significant source of slaves so as soon as you come out if i even beings and create a market and then which is quite sophisticated panmediterranean you create an opportunity for entrepreneurs right so there are clearly men organizations who engaged in slaving and some of that is moving slaves that had been produced by conquest but it's quite clear there we're also entrepreneurs who are praying vulnerable populations people in transit essentially abducting people and then you if you're abducted on the road somewhere in africa if i wish you wait till this item mediterrania of the mediterranean to somewhere like syria there's no one there who's now who knows that you are a free person so i can treat you as a slave and sell you on there and then there are other sources we know that is common in many places in the roman empire to expose some unwanted children and it seems that one of the things that happened these exposed children is if i get taken in raised to slaves there are situations of hardship in which parents sell their children into slavery and exceptional cases where an individual might even south himself into slavery to somebody wealthy never moon it can we would impacted this huge influx have on the roman zoo are there the roman let's call them peasants but also other romans who suddenly faced this arm ale exarmy slaves taking on important jobs without much talking about roman italy and central italy in the city of rome is that's where the greatest impact can be seen certainly in the period where the system is developing so the late republic with these enormous concrete.
"roman" Discussed on News Talk 1490
"Roman murray oh hill i don't who.
"roman" Discussed on WIMS AM 1420
"roman" Discussed on Great Big History Podcast
"Hello welcome back my name is dr christopher area and this is great big history could big history podcast in this episode we're gonna talk about uh the roman republic starting with the roman army the legion the roman army is a legion and it's the best fighting unit in the ancient world it will conquer everything from the desert's of mess batavia to the coasts of portugal from the hills of northern yorkshire and england all the way down to the sahara and we'll be able to fight in all of those different terrains and win the legion isn't unit of five thousand people give or take and it was considered to be an independent armenia was its own thing like a division is today and they fought with the sword in the shield and what that meant was instead of the spear which we talked about with the greeks the romans are going to have to spread out because you can't use a sword and be close you'll hit the person next to you so they have to spread out so there's a lot more air in the legion also you had to be able to be independent as a soldier so you're shield unlike the greek failings we are protecting the man next to you in the legion you are you you're shield protect you you were an independent fighting soldier this means that you need training and you need discipline and the the romans from timetotime are going to be ruthless in both their training and their discipline.
"roman" Discussed on Sam Roberts Wrestling Podcast
"You know you go back one of the first podcast that i did that really caught steam was the interview that roman reigns did that was published right after the royal rumble that he won but was done right before the royal rumble 81 where you know he has been pretty honest but he was coming across like a like a villain and i'm not saying this isn't it this is an aide to roman reigns he'll but let roman reigns be roman reigns he was on twitter and sports illustrated did this video right with a going around and they're asking people why do you hate roman reigns and it's a bunch of dudes grown men that are talking about why they hey roman reigns and roman quotes this video on twitter and he writes just a question for the kids out there when you grow up do you want to be more like me or the guys in this video and then the crying laughing emojis and what a response just disdain for the people that are taking time out to talk about uh how roman reigns sucks he's not sitting there going like well our fans have freedom of speech in it's all good he sitting there going like screw these guys doors who would be these guys sock that's the guy that we kinda need to see on tv you know i wanted to see on monday night roman step up to the plate when they started chanting undertaker roman reigns should grabbed their migin said yeah i retired him just get that heat you know 'cause you could say will roman reigns is a good guy but those lines are very very blurred.
"roman" Discussed on Talk Is Jericho
"Was get the name roman reigns actually you know no mike i don't think many people as many people of ever asked with his your name en su w was we went through like a difference fraser was roman lay hakim me and then it was just way for a while and we had a dual weird spelling because layout _q's morrow name in so my first man that's my yeah that's my and my first name it's lay out to the eric use proper or no skinny lets his proper so we just play with them and find i knew i wanted roman highlights roman i just wanted roman only um and there i know you need you knew the last name and there's actually another guy en su w by the name of calvin ran spurs starter like like ryan might playing drop and day i believe released on an as well in the start is good my alas brother sorry roman reigns us on if you're getting a is so they're light are jimmy for five different names an they're like okay will go with i was like going through it an um cory greats he was down that's who don't you still working on time no i was actually one of my good but is in our famous aren't really good friends it's all music or julian send roman reigns but if you start it you know like reigns like like like and owns a role right and they're you're on the in total hill names and that was signed off on before you got to double be was that still await every about your conference gone everything in that's a by that time bill tomorrow was there that the the hosts which was going to i was a does a curry zoom time they're such as rested of it and it's yeah but their cool turn instance our time and worked out so well that we kind of dodged like the to have the door to the actual moves but like when they released him doctor tom.