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Human Diet Drugs Kill Mosquitoes' Appetite Too
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But Always See First with Dr. Roderick MacKinnon
On this episode, Anthony spoke to Dr. Roderick MacKinnon (Professor, Rockefeller University, HHMI) about ion channels, studying what fascinates you, and the importance of thinking childishly. The music on today's episode was by The Caretaker: thecaretaker.bandcamp.com
Aired 4 months ago 58:21
Treating America's Opioid Addiction Part 3: Searching for Meaning in Kensington
“We should never, ever forget that addiction treatment is a search for meaning in a place other than using drugs.” —Nancy Campbell, historian of drug addiction (This is the third and final chapter of a three-part series. See Part 1 and Part 2.) In the final chapter of this series we travel to the heart of our modern opioid crisis. In what is now a notorious Philadelphia neighborhood called Kensington, we meet two victims of the epidemic and follow them on two distinct paths toward recovery. Our current devastating opioid crisis is unprecedented in its reach and deadliness, but it’s not the first such epidemic the United States has experienced or tried to treat. In fact, it’s the third. Treating America’s Opioid Addiction is a three-part series that investigates how we’ve understood and treated opioid addiction over more than a century. Through the years we’ve categorized opioid addiction as some combination of a moral failure, a mental illness, a biological disease, or a crime. And though we’ve desperately wanted the problem to be something science alone can solve, the more we look, the more complicated we learn it is. Credits Hosts: Alexis Pedrick and Elisabeth Berry Drago Reporters: Mariel Carr and Rigoberto Hernandez, with additional reporting by Meir Rinde Senior Producer: Mariel Carr Producer: Rigoberto Hernandez Audio Engineer: James Morrison Photo illustration by Jay Muhlin Additional audio production by Dan Drago Music Music courtesy of the Audio Network. Research Notes Interviews: Claire Clark, author of The Recovery Revolution: The Battle over Addiction Treatment in the United States. Nancy Campbell, historian and director of Science and Technology Studies at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Chris Marshall, former member and director of the Last Stop. Miranda Thomas, Kensington resident. Joseph Garbely, vice president of medical services and medical director of the Caron Treatment Centers. Lara Weinstein, primary care physician, Project HOME and Pathways to Housing PA Special thanks to Jennifer Reardon of Temple Health Communications and to Joseph D’Orazio and David O’Gurek. Sources: American Addiction Centers. “Can Suboxone Get You High?” Brentwood, TN: American Addiction Centers, 2018. American Addiction Centers. “Pros and Cons of Methadone.” Brentwood, TN: American Addiction Centers, 2018. Campbell, Nancy, and Anne Lovell. “The History of the Development of Buprenorphine as an Addiction Therapeutic.” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1248 (Feb. 2012): 124–39. Clark, Claire. The Recovery Revolution: The Battle over Addiction Treatment in the United States. New York: Columbia University Press, 2017. Giordano, Rita. “Opioid Addiction Treatment with Medicine Works Best. Why Don’t More Young People Get It?” Philadelphia Inquirer, April 10, 2018. Oransky, Ivan. “Vincent Dole” [obituary]. Lancet 368 (Sept. 16, 2006): 984. Rockefeller University. “The First Pharmacological Treatment for Narcotic Addiction: Methadone Maintenance.” Rockefeller University Hospital: 100 Years of Bridging Science and Medicine website. New York, 2010. Shuster, Alvin M. “G.I. Heroin Addiction Epidemic in Vietnam.” New York Times, May 16, 1971. Thompson-Gargano, Kathleen. “What Is Buprenorphine Treatment Like?” Farmington, CT: National Alliance of Advocates for Buprenorphine Treatment. Villa, Lauren. “Methadone and Suboxone: What’s the Difference Anyway?” Drugabuse.com. Waldorf, Dan, et al. Morphine Maintenance: The Shreveport Clinic 1919–1923—Special Studies No. 1. Washington, DC: Drug Abuse Council, April 1974. Whelan, Aubrey. “She Was Just out of Rehab. She Was Excited about the Future. Three Hours Later, She Was Dead.” Philadelphia Inquirer, June 26, 2018. Winberg, Michaela. “Kensington’s Famous Last Stop Addiction Recovery Center Prepares to Move.” Billypenn.com, March 26, 2018. Archival Sources: Efootage.com. Richard Nixon “Law & Order” Speech—1968. Video. John Chancellor. “Washington, DC Heroin Addiction.” NBC Evening News. February 4, 1971. Columbia Center for Oral History. Marie Nyswander, oral history. New York: Columbia University Libraries, Oral History Archives, 1981.
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Human Diet Drugs Kill Mosquitoes' Appetite Too
...attheRockefeller University This is science Americans sixty seconds science. I'm Karen Hopkin all believe it or not mosquitoes don't bite out of...
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107. Social contracts
It’s a bit of a game of two halves this week.First up, I talk to Eric Klinenberg – director of the Institute for Public Knowledge at New York University – about his new book, Palaces for the People. He argues that what he terms ‘social infrastructure’ has a major effect on everything from crime to disaster resilience. Solving the problems of the future, he suggests, is going to mean investing more in infrastructure, public space and community links.After that, it’s our semi-regular “Ask the experts” slot with the Centre for Cities. This time, I drag director of policy Paul Swinney into one of the noisiest debates going on in UK urban policy circles today: have we focused too much on cities, and not enough on towns?Skylines is the podcast from the New Statesman’s cities site, CityMetric. It’s hosted by Jonn Elledge.Skylines is supported by 100 Resilient Cities. Pioneered by the Rockefeller Foundation, 100RC is dedicated to helping cities around the world become more resilient to the physical, social and economic challenges that are a growing part of the 21st century.
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Aired 3 months ago 63:23
A Short Angry History of Modern Schooling by John Taylor Gatto
Sure, angry history of modern schooling. And really what it is is the nine hundred page book. I've just finished condense to one hour. So. I would have given you five minute break before starting. But somebody's a harsh taskmaster here. The information's rather dance rather than rely on my own. Failing memory, I'll work from notes all apologizing advance. But this is very very very strong stuff. Mass schooling of the young by force is a creation of the four great coal powers of the nineteenth century, Germany, England, France in the United States, its final conception structure and later development arises from the logic that fossil fuel used in conjunction with machinery imposes on society. This reality is masked by an earlier anticipation of mass schooling in certain utopian and religious writings about social order and human nature, but make no mistake in the western world was never any such animal as mass schooling until Cole came along paired with machinery, you shouldn't be fooled anymore than Charles Francis. Adams was when he observed in eighteen eighty that what was being fashioned for children unfortunate enough to be caught in the proposed school net which hadn't happened up to then combine the characteristics of the cotton mill said atoms and the railroad with those of a state prison. That's the atoms who had two presidents in his family after the civil war certain utopian speculations about isolating children in compounds and subjecting them to deliver. It molding molding routines began to be discussed seriously by the policy-making managers of business government and university life. These discussions were inspired by the potential for centralize mass production made possible by coal driven machinery, railroad development. That was also dependent on coal and startling new inventions like the telegraph, the principal motivation for this revolution in family and community life wasn't only greed for money. Although that was there, but also the philosophical conviction which approach to. Religion in its intensity that early indoctrination would lead to an orderly scientific society led by the best people unhampered by the democratic tradition or American libertarian attitudes. Forced schooling was the prescription to make the bulk of the population alike, dependent on remote authority, not local authority for allocation to one or another station in the economy. No, more Ben Franklin's, no more, Tom Edison's. We're going to be allowed individuals would be prevented from taking up their laws until an advanced age during the post civil war period. Childhood was extended about four years in the late nineteenth century, a special concept was invented to lock. Older children in place. It was called adolescence, and that was a phenomenon unknown to the human race before that time in the infantilism nation of young people did not stop at the end of the nineteenth century, but it continued right on through the twentieth child. Labor laws were extended to cover more and more ocupation 's the permissible age of leaving school became higher and higher the number of occupations, not demanding schooling became fewer and fewer notice that used the term schooling and not education by the nineteen seventies. It was not unusual to find graduate students well into their thirties from the start. There was a purpose behind schooling which had nothing to do with what parents kids are communities wanted. But concentra. Rated on what a highly centralized economy in a strong political state was thought to need what that was can be seen from this excerpt from a speech Woodrow Wilson made to businessman in nineteen fourteen. I'm quoting Wilson without changing word. We want one class of persons to have a liberal education. And we want another class very very much larger class of necessity to forego the privilege of a liberal education and fit themselves to perform specific difficult manual tasks by nineteen seventeen the major administrative jobs across America in schooling were under the control of a group of interests referred to in the press is the education trust that term vanish. Che's somewhere the middle nineteen thirties. But it's quite common in the newspapers of the teens and the twenties at the first meeting of the education trust, the attendees included representatives of Rockefeller Cornell. Harvard Stanford, the university of Chicago and the national Education Association, the chief end the new education wrote Benjamin kid in one thousand nine hundred eighteen was to I'm quoting impose on the young. The ideal of subordination the primary target of the first thirty years of four schooling was the tradition of independent livelihood in America. Students were to learn to think of themselves as employees competing with one another for the favor of the boss. Not as entrepreneurs like Ben Franklin. Competing to serve the public. It was believed only in this way could the menace of overproduction in America, the content you'd have to ladies and gentlemen, read into the primary. Sources I spent years reading to see how often the term overproduction emerges in these discussions of businessmen between eighteen eighty and nineteen ten they were terrified that the early tradition of America that people work for themselves would continue and that this would make it impossible for large central corporations to get financing to work since their machinery costs so much money who would constantly replace that machinery if at any moment, the peril of thousands of people opening small competing interests were a law. So it had to be put to death in nineteen nineteen Arthur. Calhoun social history of the family informed. The nation that the child was passing from the family. I'm quoting now into the custody of community experts. And he offered a significant prophecy that we could expect in time to see a system of public education, quote designed to check the mating of the unfit. Nineteen twenty two mayor Highland of New York City alluding specifically to actions in schools of the Rockefeller Foundation and other corporate interests said in a public speech that the schools had been seized as an off to puss would sees its prey by quote, an invisible government, you'll find that reference in Diane Ravitch, his book, the great schools beget now lately, the the the nineteen twenties were boom period for forced schooling as well. As for the stock market, it book called a sociological philosophy of education published in nineteen twenty eight claimed it is the business of teachers to run not merely the school, but the world nineteen twenty nine the famous creator of educational psychology. Edward Thorndike of Columbia. Teachers college announced I'm quoting academic subjects are of little value his colleague at teachers college William Kirkpatrick boasted in his book education in the social crisis that the whole traditional system of rearing the young was being made over by exports. Meanwhile in the project offices of an important employer of those experts. The Rockefeller Foundation executives were hearing from its president max Mason on April. The eleventh nineteen thirty three don't say that. I'm not giving you very specific references that can't be checked that a comprehensive program was underway to rationalize social control and the control of human behavior in spa. Fired by the genetic work of an eastern European scientists Hermann Muller at the university of Texas Rockefeller, Carnegie and other large private foundations had been investing heavily in genetics. Molar had used xrays to override genetic law inducing mutations in fruit flaws, and that set off a line of thinking that it might be possible to create life and shape as you wanted to molar preach the plan breeding was necessary to bring mankind progress in his proposal received enthusiastic endorsement from most of the greatest scientists day. He reduced it to fifteen hundred word geneticist manifesto and twenty two distinguished American. And. British biologists signed that the conscious guidance by the state of human sexual selection is called for said Moeller what was wanted? He said was a project of racial hygiene, such as the policymakers in Germany were pioneering a program where you jenex was state policy, and where scientific research shaped society, February nineteen thirty four progress report from the Rockefeller endowments ask the question can we develop so sound an extensive genetics that we can hope to breed in the future. Superior men. Just a few months before this report appeared the executive director of the national Education Association and nounce that his organization expected. I'm. Quoting directly now to accomplish by education. What dictators in Europe are seeking to do by compulsion? In force. You can't get it much clear than that. Can you? Between nineteen sixty seven and nineteen seventy four teacher training all over the United States was covertly revamped who the coordinated efforts the small number of private foundations think tanks global corporations universities and several other interests working through the United States office of education and through key state, Ed departments like those in California or New York. Most important documents in this transformation were three and I'm going to name them for you Bloom's taxonomy of educational objectives was the first and extensive government exercise in future all Adji called designing education for the future was the second and the behavioral teacher education project was the third that. That was an enormous manual of over one thousand pages which in time impacted on every school in the United States, while other documents exist, these are the most important representatives of the whole they'll serve to make clear to you. What project is underway, and I'll take them one by one designing education produced by the federal education department redefined education after the Prussian fashion as quote, a means to achieve important economic and social goals of a national character state education agencies would henceforth act as onsite federal enforcers ensuring compliance of local schools with Washington directives it proclaimed that each state education department, quote, must be an agent of change state. Apartments were quote to lose their identity as well as their thority in order to form a partnership with the federal government. Now, I think you, and I both are aware that what we're talking about. Here is a form of treason. There is no mention whatsoever in any of the founding documents this country of federal involvement in education. That's not just an academic thing. It was deliberately kept away from the central political power because of the obvious chance to pervert, it's if it were handed to the power that controlled the army, the second document the gigantic behavioral teacher education project outlined the teaching reforms to be forced on America after nineteen sixty seven. So we're talking about thirty one years ago if you ever want hunt this thing down. It bears the US office of education contract number, and I can give it to anyone afterwards have it here. But I won't bother to read the forty four digits. The document sets out clearly the intention of its creators nothing last. I'm quoting from the document now, then the impersonal manipulation through schooling of a future America in which you will be able to maintain control over their opinions. An American which each individual receives at birth a multipurpose identification number which enables employers and other controllers since direct quote from the documents to keep track of underlings, and to expose them to direct or sub little influence when necessary. Readers learned that chemical experimentation on minors would be normal procedure in the post nineteen sixty seven world that is surely appointed for shadowing of the massive Ritalin interventions which accompany the practice of force schooling at present the teacher education project identified the future as one I'm quoting again in which a small will control all important matters one in which participatory democracy will largely disappear who's your tax money, or your fathers and mothers that paid for this document children will be made to see through school experience that their classmates is a very subtle point. So I'll start that. Again, children will be made to see through school experience that their classmates are so era sponsoring, and then adequate that they must be controlled and regulated for society's good. That's a of a category. I think equivalent to the wag your dogs and REO that I think we're going through right now. Sure. According to the project postmodern schooling will focus. This is a direct quote on pleasure cultivation and other attitudes skills compatible with a non work world. Notice how the tremendous Roz in school violence in general school chaos in the late nineteen sixties can be seen as providing a reasonable justification for the sharp constriction of traditional intellectual schooling each outburst of childish disorder echoing through the press was like an advert assessment promoting the need to surrender community control to the management of experts for the introduction of emergency measures like special education and riddle anyone who taught school during that period in a large city as I did remember how teachers and administrators were suddenly stripped of any affective ability to discipline children by the intervention intervention of outside agencies. You are at liberty to decide whether that was. Coincidental or not it makes sense though, dozen at that irresponsible semi illiterate children kept in that condition by thority will become irresponsible and semi literate adults and that such people can't be trusted with the sessions. The national teacher training document informed, teacher educators that under these circumstances. Teachers were to be trained as therapists translating prescriptions of social psychologists into practical action in the classroom. The third of the new gospel texts was Benjamin Bloom's taxonomy in his own words. I'm quoting a tool to classify the way individuals are to act think or feel as the result of some unit of instruction. Using the methods of behavioral psychology children would learn improper proper thoughts feelings and actions and have their improper attitudes. Brought from home remediated. In all stages of school manipulation testing would be essential to locate the child's changing mind on an official rating scale. Bloom's taxonomy spawned a number of important descendants, which you've heard of mastery learning was one outcomes based education the second and the current school work government business collaboration third each was designed to classify individuals for the convenience of social managers and to control the mind and movements of the young. But what was the purpose? Why was this being done? Major piece of the answer can be found by reading between the lines of an article which appeared several months ago in June nineteen eighty eight issue before and affairs written by the owner of US news and World Report the essay praises, the American economy. And predicts that it's lead over Europe and Asia is so psychological in nature that no nation can possibly catch up to us because our workers are unique unless you believe in master race biology. This advantage can only have come from school training, the American young in school and out by indoctrinating techniques, which produce attitudes useful to management, and what are those attitudes? Folks. Would it be possible? If we took a five minute break. These lights are a little bit bright. And I just need a short rest only to advanced age. But in five minutes, I promise you that. I'll answer the question. I just ask. Just rest for five that you needed more than offers from a strong craft tradition and the workers demand. A large voice in decision making Asia's even worse off as Kerman competitively because all of the worker is silenced in Asia. Religion tradition and government over there interfere with what a business can do. So that's his first case that the American worker that's your sons and daughters grown up a pushover neck says oh Kerman workers in America live in constant panic. They know companies here. Oh them nothing. There's no outside power to appeal to fear is our secret super charger gives management here flexibility that other nations will never have to such an extent and some of the ever. He offers for that is really compelling. He said in nineteen ninety six after five years of record economic expansion half, the employees of large firms feared being laid off the best part of that said Zukerman was it represents double the number of people worrying five years ago when things weren't nearly as good so fear keeps a break on American wages. Next as in the United States. What look like managerial decisions are actually made by abstract mathematical rules, which are manager proof as well as worker proof. No sentimentality, no ideological treachery. By soft hearted boss can make more than temporary inroads on corporate momentum here because the accountants bottom line rules, everything. And finally, he says are endless consumption completes. The golden circle consumption driven by nonstop American addiction to novelty, which provides American business with the only reliable domestic market in the world. Elsewhere in hard times business dries up because people sit on their money, but here no here we show. Opt to we drop we mortgage our futures in bad times as well as good, and I think so criminals, right? There isn't much doubt that the fantastic wealth of American big business is psychologically and procedurally grounded in that the training for this mental state and the necessary. Silly it requires comes from the American classroom schools must train individuals to respond as a mass to be frightened envious board emotionally needy and generally incomplete. It's common sense. A successful. Mass production economy has to have such a clientele small business small form Konomi like the all Michelle have require individual, competence, thoughtfulness, compassion, and universal participation. But ours requires a well-managed mass level spiritless anxious family, Louis friendless, godless and 'obedient people who believe the difference between coke and Pepsi is a subject worth arguing about. We need people for this economy who learned that status purchased so that when you buy something you're mmediately dissatisfied with it because it's not producing the rush that you expect from the advertising, we need people who learned that others manage our laws that most people including our own parents or ignorant and irrelevant that goddess an obsolete. Fancy not worth bothering about. And all the mid satisfaction comes from official approval. The fantastic wealth of American big business is a direct result of school training schools training children to be fearful board and addicted to novel the suspicious of themselves and others and voiceless impose. Portent matters. That's what the bells are for. They say and now for something different. The secret of American schooling is that it doesn't teach the way children learn as I think anger represented well to you nor or school supposed to school has been engineered to serve a particular kind of Konomi and a strictly layered social order not to benefit kids and families. That's why it has to be compulsory, the prime directive of schooling is to retard maturity and wholeness school is the first impression children get of organized society. And like most first impressions, it is the last thing won the decisive dynamics which make force schooling poison to healthy human development are easy to SP. Spot and I'll give you a small package of these the work with with most classrooms. Engage. The child is not significant work. It doesn't satisfy real needs pressing on the individual doesn't answer real questions that experience raises in the young mind. It doesn't contribute to solving any problem in countered in actual live, the psychological effect of making work external and foreign to individual longings experience questions and problems renders the victim, listless growth and mastery. Only come to those who vigorously self direct. We've known that for thousands of years, if you doubt it examined the differences between elite education in any century you choose. And the direction of common training. I'll be talking a little specifically about this tomorrow morning, and this she aiding creating reflecting and other things like that active. Things are precisely what the structure of schooling is set up to prevent on one pretext or another as I watched it happen for thirty years. It takes about three years to break. Most kids three years confined to environments of emotional needing with nothing real to do. And I must say angry if you're here, you added another dimension to this for me by showing that formula that only one third of the time inside of school. It's like the army actually doing anything at all. In such environments song, smiles bright colors and cooperative games. Do the work better than angry words and punishments has it ever struck you as awed that the Prussian government? Of course, we don't have a nation called Prussia anymore because the nation called Prussia overwhelmed. The other hundred seventy one German states and Germany became Prussia or or greater Germany was Prussia. We got the two great wars of the century from Prussia has it ever struck. You saw that the Prussian government was so sympathetic and helpful to the experiments of Frederick foible, the inventor of kindergarten and to Heinrich peste, lots see who was the inventor of fun and games. Elementary school. Both those guys were underwritten by the Prussian government, all their assistance were Prussian government agents. It's a little strange to think of the guys with the points on their helmets and all the funny balloons, but there was a method to that man is the strongest meshes of the school net are totally invisible constant bidding for a strangers. Attention. Creates a chemistry whose products are the common characteristics of modern school children whining dishonesty, malice treachery cruelty, the unceasing competition for fischel attention. If you're saying the little arms, go out of the sock. It's jumping out of the in the dramatic fish bowl of classroom delivers cowardly children little people sung. In chronic boredom. Little people with no apparent purpose for being a law of the procedure is identical to that which causes caged rats to develop eccentric mannerisms when the have to press a bar for food on a periodic reinforcement schedule where food is delivered. But at random, but the rat doesn't know that much of the bizarre behavior school kids to spy is a function of the reinforcement schedule and the endless confinement in inactivity, which slowly drums, children insane trap. Children like trapped rats need close management as any rat psychologist will tell you. Sam more eloquent seated. And you will be to you get to be my age and weight. In the first decades of the twentieth century, a small group of famous academics. Symbolically led by John, Dewey and Edward Thorndike of Columbia. Teachers, call L would cover leave Stanford and a handful of others together with their corporate and financial allies like J P Morgan Vincent Astor Commodore Whitney, Andrew Carnegie, and John D Rockefeller decided to bend government schooling to the service of business and the political state as it had been done nearly a century before in Prussia a higher mission for this project existed to one to catch the imagination of dreamers into fire. The blood school was to serve as an instrument for managing evolution establishing. The pre conditions for selective. Breeding in Thorndike's, memorable words, and you remember Thorndike is the creator of what we call educational psychology. And Thorndike's memorable words this had to be done quickly before the new industrial masses, quote take things into their own hands. Standardized testing would eventually be used to separate those fit to breed and fit to work from those unfit because of its traditions. However, America was resistant population on which to experiment. But thanks to the patronage in the interest of various international business people. A group of academic social engineers was able to visit mainland China in the first three decades of the twentieth century, the someone really ought to make a movie about what I'm going to tell you next and live there as John Dewey lived in post revolutionary China for two years in China. These men could test pedagogical theory on a docile and the wilder population which had recently lost its ancient form of governance. Important school superintendents were in on this work. Although the general public is in the dark about it to this, for example. I'd like you to listen to Dr HP Wilson superintendent of the Topeka schools writing in his book, which absolutely nobody read or would watery it's called motivation of schoolwork you wrote it in nineteen six teen. But this one paragraph was worth the effort and have reading his whole book. The introduction of the American school into the orient has broken up. Forty centuries of tradition. It has given us a new China and new Japan and his working market progress in Turkey in the Philippines. The schools are in a position to determine the lines of progress. The Chinese revolution was western inspired and western finance Justice the Russian revolution. Soon was to be in place that nation in a favorable state of disintegration for laboratory testing of pedagogical mind, alteration technology out of this ferment. Rosa Chinese tracking practice build on the ancient habit of character. References modernized and bureaucratized. It's call. Called in China. The Danghan it is a continuous. Lifelong personnel file exposing students intimate history from birth through schooling. And then through life, the Danghan constitutes a comprehensive overthrow privacy and today. Nobody works in China without a dying Gan by the mid nineteen sixties. Preliminary work on an American dang Gan. We taking place in schools as information reservoirs attached schooling began to store personal data about individual children and new class of expert like Ralph Tyler of the Carnegie Foundation began to urge the collection of data and its unification in computer code to enhance cross referencing with all the other database. Banks by nineteen seventy-one psychologists in the pay of government and private foundations were justifying surreptitious data-gathering from children as the moral right of institutions. I wanna take you back. A few years again between eighteen ninety six and nineteen twenty a small number of powerful industrialists together with their private foundations sponsored university administrators house experts and house politicians spent more money on mass for schooling than the government. Did indeed Andrew Carnegie, and John D Rockefeller together spent more money than the government did on schooling between nineteen hundred nineteen twenty in this lace eighth fair fashion assist them of modern schooling was constructed without public participation. I don't blame you. If if you're a little surprised by this data. But as my publisher was quite surprised by when I demonstrated its validity from the documents of the. Carnegie Foundation and the Rockefeller funday there others as well. But those are major players. They wouldn't allow to be printed. I said, but it was written policies in public. They said they didn't want the hassle. If you wanna know the motives of this project, you need only read the first public mission statement of Rockefeller's general education board that was printed in its first report to well-wishers issued in nineteen six and I'm going to read you the first paragraph, and I guarantee you it's utterly unbelievable. And if you have children, this ought to be as chilling as anything you've heard recently. In our dreams. People yield themself with perfect syllabi to our molding hands the prison education conventions of intellectual and character education fade from their minds and unhampered by tradition. We work our own will upon a grateful in response of folk, and you believe people actually wrote this and printed, we shall not try to make these people or any of their children into philosophers or men of learning or men of science. We have not to raise up from them authors educators. Oh, it's men of letters. We should not search for artists painters musicians lawyers doctors preachers politicians statesmen of which we have an ample supply. The task is simple. We will organize. Children and teach them in a perfect way. The things their fathers. Mothers are doing an imperfect way. The real purpose of modern schooling was announced by Edward Ross. The university of Wisconsin in the same year that was written Ross is generally considered one of the three founders of the twentieth century discipline called sociology and in a book bluntly called social control Ross wrote I'll quote directly plans are underway to replace family church and community with propaganda education. He meant schooling and mass media people. He informed his readers are only little plastic lumps of dough. And other insider of modern schooling, h h Kadoorie chairman of the psychology department at Princeton called government schooling in nineteen twenty quote, the perfect organization of the high close quote. Good Dard wrote that standardized testing was to cause the lower classes to confront their biological inferiority sort of like wearing a dunce cap in time. It would discourage their reproduction. Nineteen seventy-one the US office of education now deeply committed to gaining access to the private lives and thoughts of children granted contracts for seven volumes of so called change agents. Studies to the RAND Corporation change agent training was launched with federal funding under the education professions development act, soon, the change agent. Scott innovation in education appeared grants were then awarded to colleges for the training of change agents. While six more rand manuals were printed and distributed to teach your training courses in nineteen eighty nine senior director of the mid continent regional education laboratory told the fifty governors the United States. Assembled in Kansas City for their annual meeting. The following is a direct, quote, not a word is changed. What we're into is the total restructuring until scholarship specifically the importation of German research university values to America at the end of the nineteenth century covered. The track of what was going on what American colleges had traditionally thought about college work is that it was about teaching and learning it was about individual student growth in intellect. But that's not the way the German system worked what a German research university was about was direct service to corporations and the political state using students who paid for the right to donate their services free along with. The paid professional academics. In return for demonstrating a student demonstrating that he or she had trained adequately and was loyal the German system than reserve jobs and professional licenses for the appropriate graduates university of Chicago Stanford Johns Hopkins, Columbia teachers college MIT in Cornell all colleges in Dowd by great industrialists together with the state endowed university movement represented by schools, like Michigan or Wisconsin or Ohio State joined in concert with the old one aristocratic American colleges like Yale and Dartmouth who were flagged bears for the English social class theory to provide a new and daring purpose for wealth to aspire to not just spending your money, not just having big parties but mastering the sea. Secrets of evolution and driving society toward a managed scientific utopian Indiana University. I don't believe I've never encountered this piece of information, which I dug by had been asked to speak at a conference in San Francisco by the Cato Institute last year called the Byeon nominees conference. And there was so many it was at the more cop console tell the only reason I went with never would've been able to afford to stay at the Mark off. And I took my cat smuggled into their way had four days of. Anyway, there was so many references at this conference to evolution that. I said what is this cockamamie all makes? And I started to search and hunt and I stumbled across it nearby to get it now. But you, and I and the biometrics conference people must be the only people in the world who know this. Indiana University provides a good picture of the strategy developing outside the irrelevant debate conducted in the public press by nineteen hundred special discipline existed. Indiana, only for elite students handpicked by the college president who had created and taught the course it was called biometrics and dealt with the why and how of producing a new evolutionary ruling class, the president of the college is a famous name in American college history. His name is David Starr, Jordan, Jordan, did so well and in the middle of nowhere. He was soon invited to join the major leagues of university existence. Invitation was extended by railroad tycoon, Leland, Stanford and Jordan became the first president. Of Stanford University where he remained for thirty years. But what you might say does this have to do with public schooling. Just this buying on gets its direct connection with forced government schooling in this fashion when he left Indiana, Jordan took along with him to stay in for his star by onomic protege a twenty four year old named Elwood. Cub relly and ensured order cover Lee was made dean of teacher education at Stanford within two decades. He was the head of a syndicate controlling school administrative posts from coast to coast. He was the most influential school man in twentieth. Century American history. He was also the official historian of American schooling. All the myths you've heard come from cub relieves history of American education, which for fifty years. Here's was the dominant textbook in teacher training institutions did by nominees have any effect on life in the state of Indiana where so many sons of prominent Indiana families had studied its arguments for controlled breeding and elimination of the unfit. The answer is yes, the very first formal legislation making four sterlization by the state illegal act was passed in the state of Indiana and its practice there became the law. The land in the famous nineteen twenty seven supreme court test case buck versus bell in which all over Wendell Holmes wrote the majority opinion allowing the sterlization of seventeen year old Carrie buck to prevent her from having degenerate offspring. That's a quote from the supreme court decision. Twenty years later. I've never met anybody. Who knows this of someone in here knew this could you just sort of raise your hands on other someone in the world noses twenty years later after buck versus bell in the trial of the German doctors at Nuremberg after the second World War, the Nazi physicians testified that they're precedents were importantly, American ones and that their name for four sterlization had been the Indiana procedure. To say, this biomedical spirit infected schooling is to say that birds fly. Once you know, it's there the principal is easily tracked. I'm gonna track a little bit of it for you. So that the group will be worn. And you'll find that you'll be able to add components to this track area easily just reading the press and watching television in nineteen twenty two Walder Lipmans book public opinion demanded severe restrictions on public debate. Those Lipton's weren't in light of the enormous. Number of feeble minded, Americans said Lipman, the old ideal of participatory democracy is insane. This theme of scientifically controlled breeding interacted in a complex fashion with the German ideal of scientific society run by experts and the ideal of the British date relig-. Jn and political society that God himself had appointed the social classes to create a kind of Darwinian cast base schooling run at long distance through experts unseen who manipulated hired hands called schoolteachers in school administrators and all this was for the autumn it good of the best. Reading stock in nineteen twenty eight Sigmund Freud's favorite nephew, Edward L. Bernez who is the creator of the craft that we call today public relations said in his book crystallizing public opinion that quote invisible power is now in control of every aspect of American live democracy said Bernez is only a front for skillful war pulling tricks. The new sciences of mental manipulation could place the disposal of policy people. Oil for a price by nineteen forty four. The jettisoning of natural rights resonated to every corner of American academic life. Any academic who expected free money from foundations corporations or government would play the scientific management string. When his loot in nineteen sixty one the German concept of the political state as the fatherland surfaced, and John F Kennedy's inaugural. I address in which listeners were lectured, ask not what your country can do for you. But what you can do for your country and in nineteen ninety five time magazine believe it's February the first issue in February lectured, its readers a cover story that quote democracy is in the worst interest of national goals. The modern world is too complex to allow the men. Or woman in the street to interfere in its management. Now. The secret was in the open your original American. Commonwealth ideal had been repudiated by its guardians in the same year. Some of the methodology used to achieve this. Repudiation was brought to light in a long documentary film, which I'll bet shows around Nashville, it's called manufacturing consent. It was about the career of the legendary MIT professor Noam Chomsky, the world's foremost linguistics scholar, but Chomsky's interests haven't been in linguistics for at least twenty years in the film Chomsky confirmed a growing popular suspicion that the news you hear is tightly controlled he showed that all the news in the world. Pouring through mass channels is under the direction of twenty three global corporations which sprint prog. Again, the on every side of every issue thus constricting public imagination wherever important interests are in question. School was an important terminal on a production line to create a utopian world resembling Trigano Epcot center, perhaps the mother should talk of late nineteenth century fame utopia before its time. There was only one important eugenic limitation on this school created utopia to come. It wasn't intended for everyone at the most for twenty percent of the existing population. And out of Johns Hopkins University in nineteen ninety six came this chilling piece of supporting data, I'm going to quote from the Hopkins report, the American economy has grown massively since the mid nineteen sixties, but workers real spendable wages are no higher than they were thirty years ago. The purchasing power of a working couple. In nineteen ninety five was after inflation. This factored in the same as earned by a single working man ninety years earlier. The steep decline in American common prosperity, then forced both parents from home enforce their kids into the managed world of daycare and extended schooling. And although you, and I have been harangued endlessly century-long that enlarging the scope of schooling would cause wealth to be more evenly spread exactly the reverse has occurred wealth was two hundred and fifty percent war concentrated by nineteen ninety eight than it was in eighteen ninety eight I don't mean to be inflammatory. He said, but it's as if government school has made people dumber out, brighter families weaker not stronger has ruined formal religion with its hard sell. Exclusion of God has set the class structure in stone by dividing. Children into classes and setting them against one another and has been midwife to an alarming concentration of wealth and power in the hands of a fraction of our national community. Real school reform would have to overthrow a powerful form of mental conditioning, which is taken a century to implant to one degree or another all of us have been indoctrinated in a variety of ways to believe that the American experiment, which promised ordinary people sovereignty over their own lives was wrong headed in child. Real school reform would have to defeat the belief learned in school and reinforce through the media that ordinary people are too stupid to wear responsible to childish to be trusted to look out for themselves. When children are encouraged to run wild and school and to become stupid. There. This poisonous. Lesson is hammered home for the rest of day after day. We've all experienced it. No wonder we all believe at the premises of scientific schooling seem impossible to dispute. So thoroughly have they've been demonstrated by the form of forced schools which corporations and the federal government imposed on us a century ago after all why should hopelessly ignorant people be allowed to make decisions even intimate personal ones. Like how to raise their own children, certified experts reveal -able who know vastly more than about everything and anything the us has the Protestant. Reformation who's brightest product was America been thrown on the scrapheap because if there's any bedrock of the Protestant reformation it was. Luther stech laret every man his own priest. Jefferson and Madison must've been loony to want us to trust the common people. Now, let me take in conclusion a stab at a reply to have better schools that served families and communities and individuals instead of suffocating them, we would need to trash certain assumptions, we would need to abandon entirely the idea that any such sociological reality as mass man actually exists except in the minds of those who benefit from such a belief would have to believe what our fingerprints and our intuition. Tell us that no two people are alike that nobody can be accurately described by numbers and graphs, the trying to do this sets up on the endless chain future grief. We would have to accept that fantasy like scientific pedagogy is impossible. Because each person has a private and a singular destiny, we would need to transfer faith from school and corporate experts and behaves. If these principles were true is over a million home schooling families in this country. Do we would need to wake up and admit that knowledge is a far cry from wisdom the Americas. The right to live as here, she deems was. And if the way individuals choose to live and raise their kids means disaster for global corporations as surely the way of life, the Amish embrace if it were embraced by too many would mean disaster, then that faithful choice still needs to be on heard because it is protected by the law that defines America our founding documents. It's high time we all remembered what mankind needed in America for in the. I place the brilliant dialectical balance struck by our founders was the only way to keep power week off balance official, power and popular power. Both popular will would beat back. Government tyranny. Government would check popular tyranny over minority rights. This constant confrontation this on winnable war between two flawed collectivize in principles coercive government, and bullying public opinion will always produce liberty for those who want it in the stalemate liberty escapes as long as the argument is kept alive. It's only through enforced consensus the product of too much in the wrong kind of schooling that America can fail. America is about argument about doing things our own. Way. It is still the only place on the planet where one can publicly oppose authority without being beaten or killed or severely intimidated for that active free will the US supreme court road in the flag burning case that the only true test freedom is the right to differ about things that touched the heart of the existing order in the court was right that truly is the standard let a strike to the heart of this thing, then and take back our children from the management engineers. Thank you very much. Thank you. Thank you. Thank you. All. Thank you. God bless you. All. Thank you. You just turned my publisher doesn't want. The rest of the country to here. They've they really had kept my book for a year. I mean, they want the book, but they don't want. They don't want the quotes from the foundation documents. And from the from the various social engineers, which are pretty easy to trace. Once you know that they're. Anyway. Thank you. See you tomorrow morning.
Radical Personal Finance
Aired 5 months ago 19:57
Revisiting Governor Eric Holcomb discusses tech growth in Indiana | Ep. 63
The. Welcome to another episode of the ROI podcast presented by the Indian university Kelley school of business. I'm your host Matt Martel alongside associate dean, Phil Powell. We just wanna say for those that are joining us for the very first time, welcome to the show. We work hard to put out a weekly episode that helped organizations make better business decisions. And if you'd like to give us a topic that we could talk about, if you have some questions we can answer or you just know amazing guests that would be great for our show. Shoot us an Email. You can reach us at our pod. That's our p. o. d. at UP UPI dot EDU again, our pod at UP you, I dot EDU and we just we wanted to take a step back and kind of revisit an episode I think deserves another. Listen to earlier in the summer. Phil had an opportunity to sit down with God. Governor, Eric Holcomb here of Indiana in really dive into more of the tech aspects and things that are happening within innovation. The has to do with business in Indiana and being able to have such a intimate moment with the governor. I mean, here you are in his living room just being able to share what Kelly's doing and then also seeing what his initiatives are within Deanna talk about that for well, you know, as a state university, we have an economic development mission, and it's important to be aligned with whomever's in the governor's office governor Holcomb has his finger on the on the pulse of what drives economic development in any region, and that's talent. You know, people ask me, we'll fill what holds big companies back from growing. Well, it's not the traditional answers you think of. It's not access to capital. It's not access to technology is not access to natural resources. It's access to talent and. That's the biggest bottleneck that Indiana faces and really any region faces in in terms of driving growth. You know, look at Minneapolis Minneapolis as the most dynamic, reasonable, Connie in the mid west. It's farthest from the oceans. It's farthest from the mountains. It's colder and it has higher tax rates. The reason Minneapolis is so dynamic is because over forty five percent of their populations a college degree when you compare that to Indianapolis, which is twenty five percent. We have a big gap to close and this is why the governor is appointed a whole separate workforce cabinet, and it was just great to share how Kelly school is is a part of that, but also get his insights on how we can further support his agenda in bringing prosperity to the region. So talk about, you know how your initiatives here at Kelly are kind of starting to close that gap. What are some things that have been changing or things that you've seen. That were getting people more engaged in this collegiate environment, especially here in Indianapolis. Well, you know, our our interview with governor occur the same time that we invited the high tech community out to community launch pad, community, launchpad, sort of design thinking studio that community health uses to drive innovation healthcare, and they approached us along with counterparts software to sort of brainstorming session of how how can the Kelley school better help. Our tech companies here in town make better businesses as a region. If our if our technology companies are making better businesses that just makes us more more globally competitive. But the thing is in high tech cycles move so quickly. And. This is a sector where your success successes product driven. So if you able to write code, if you know the technology side, typically the business part will take care of itself. And so this is a sector that traditionally shoes kind of traditional education, even traditional computer science education. So we're gonna if we're going to, if we're going to add value to that market, if higher education's gonna add value for hi-tech, we've got gotta change the way that we deliver it. High-tech moves so quickly and opportunity costs. Everybody's time is so high that it's important that the Kelley school immerses itself in the tech sector here that we don't require them to meet us where we are. We don't require them to come to campus and meet our semester calendar. I mean a semester calendar is based upon a nineteenth century understanding of agricultural harvest times when you go to school right. High tech is twenty th century. The average professional changes organizations and Silicon Valley every twelve months. This is a sector that moves fast. Fast. So they want the most current knowledge in the easiest most digestible form that can be put to work very quickly. This is a challenge for higher education where we used to move more slowly. We're used to, you know, thinking about things and and and and reflecting no, in high tech, it's gotta be easy to understand. It has to be has to be the newest knowledge and had to be able to play quickly. So we asked in that meeting with those high tech firms, how can the Kelley school almost make it self obsolete in the weight delivers education so that we can be more relevant to the high tech sector so is important to have. It was excited. Have that conversation along the same time. We're having the conversation with the governor, I think, is our job as Indiana University as a school of business to bring that together and the liver to solve some of these knowledge and talent questions for these sectors. Because if we can solve those issues, we're gonna make our region more competitive relative. The other regions around the United States that are also -tracting high tech firms, high-tech talent. Alright. Well, without further. Do you? Let's jump into the podcast here is Phil Powell with governor Eric Holcomb. We're here today to talk about this burgeoning high-tech explosion and some ways this renaissance that we're seeing around the state, especially in the Indianapolis region here in the circle city. I run into more and more people that have relocated from Silicon Valley. One question I went to lead here with is high tech while the sudden why here? Why now will Indianapolis is a sticky place. Meaning once you get here, you you fall in love with it and it's for a number of different reasons. It didn't happen overnight. We've been ushering in this renaissance fairly methodically over the years and not just in my time being associated with state government, but certainly we've seen at take off or launch, but the state of Indiana, when I think about it, we, we've always been the state that makes in grows. Things now were just like the rest of the. Global economy. We find ourselves competing in a innovative economy folks who embrace the future folks that understand the scale and the pace of change is unprecedented and it you either set out to make that your ally or it will be your adversary, you will be left behind. And obviously, part of our DNA here in Indianapolis were here in the month of may celebrate, not just high tech, but we're also celebrating racing, and I look at those drivers on that track every year, tweaking and changing something that will give them one more nanosecond of an unfair competitive advantage. And those those folks like the state of Indiana who seek to integrate all the technological changes that are coming our way the way we live our lives, the way we eat the way we build. That's really set us apart that aspirated how do we take it to the next level? And when you think again. About being here in the state of Indiana number one per capita in the in the country in terms of manufacturing, it's always the what's next. That's the most important and we have sought to through partnerships the state government. We have sought to set the table, make this a very attractive place to not just invest, but to grow. And what I mean by setting the table is we are, we are alluring place in terms of our tax climate terms of our regulatory climate, very predictable. We provide that certainty folks know that it's a sound investment that we're here to stay that our relationship is is or that bond mean something. We're not transient in our relationships, whether it's with one another here or around the world. And so setting that table gets gets folks in the door. And then what comes from that, those relationships that we build has really led us to this place of prominence in terms of being a hub in the American market, I always talk about, you know, we're right in the center of it. All right. In the middle of the country, heart of the heartland, we're not the coast or the fringe, but we're right in the middle connected to all all places coast-to-coast. When I talked to the high tech companies here in Indianapolis, you would think that their biggest barriers to growth our money or technology, but it's actually people. One of the signature efforts of your administration in this last legislative session was to take a first step and looking at it complete revision of how the state attacks the issue of workforce. If you think of the high tech sector, probably the one that creates the most value can grow the fastest and has the highest paying jobs. Can you briefly give us. You're three or vision on the workforce side, and how do you see? Hi tech specifically benefiting us. And what are some of the changes that target that sector then maybe the most in terms of, you know, when you think about the boxes, you have to check to compete and win in the global marketplace. Of course, you have to check the economy box. You have to make sure your sound place to invest course. You have to have the infrastructure in place to connect with all places around the world and around the country into one another that could that's broadband internet that's roads and bridges that water ports, airports all the above, how you connect and communicate with one another, but the box that's the most important that your greatest asset is people your talent. And when we assessed the state of Indiana state of six point, six million, we've been acting out of, you know, the law of necessity meaning that we used to be. I talked about it'd being a string bean in the middle of. At all. That used to be thought of as flyover country. We've made it unaffordable to fly over Indiana. So check that which that box what we have to do is make sure that our talent is being groomed to get from that. Maybe that bottom wrong to the middle and have that upward mobility into do that. You have to connect again people with the resources of the skills to move where we live in a target rich environment for this by the way. That's the good news, bad news of at all. We have twenty seven thousand hoosiers in our prison system. We have foreigners, five thousand hoosiers who don't have a high school diploma or the equivalency of one. We have seven hundred plus thousand hoosiers who started college and then quit. That's already over a million people right there that we can if we scale them up personally, if we scale them up, then our companies will scale up as well. And so what we've done is I earlier as you alluded to set out to eliminate. Eight kind of the middle bureaucratic territory where fortunately, the state of Indiana because of our economic position, we have the resources, it's how do we get them to people, how do we get them to employ es and employers? Have we connect those two? And so we've sought to get ourselves out of the way, but get the resources to the people. And we said, okay, there's five growing sectors in the state of Indiana high wage, high demand jobs, waiting, we know of exactly where ninety three thousand of them are. I mean, we live in this world where we have the same number of unemployed people as unfilled jobs in the country. True here in the state of Indiana ninety three thousand unfilled jobs where we know where the address is now, do we know the address of a person who can fill that job, then what do we do to get that person skilled up to fill job? Again, we have the resources to do that. So we've said, if you're willing to put in the time, just the time. Time, the state of Indiana is willing to put in the money to get you that credential that bad that certificate to double or triple your salary. And I e is a central part of it all. In fact, maybe the most important because as we watch companies, whether they're in central Indiana, an urban area or a rural area, think about I constantly I don't lose sleep over data demographics, but it does keep me up late at night. Thinking about in one thousand nine hundred, thirteen percent of the world's population lived in urban area today. Fifty six percent live in an urban area in a city by twenty fifty. If we stay on this current trajectory or trend, it'll be seventy percent in a city. So what does that mean to the rural parts of our state or the rural parts of our country? How do we connect? How do we keep those areas, vibrant, it is the education and skilling up. It's having those. Resources personally to meet those jobs that artificial intelligence hasn't even told us what they're going to be in ten years. And so we have to respond to that in addition to the seven hundred thousand baby boomers in the state of Indiana that will retire, how do we fill those jobs and so- matching those million that are there right now with a million jobs that will have to fill over the next decade. Not to mention all the other jobs that will be created again that we don't know of what they are right now, but folks who are in kindergarten first grade, we better be prepared to skill them up, lifelong. Talk about your goals as you travel and go to places and go to countries that perhaps other governors have not visited, and if you can bring that back to how that will help either directly or indirectly, the high tech sector here in Indiana. You know, I talk a lot about Indian as the state of pioneers and. That that is not looking back that is looking into new frontiers and not just exploring, but developing those new frontiers. And so again, you have to, you have to show up, I you you, you can't negotiate every deal from stand on Hoosier soil. It works both ways. It has to be a win win relationship. And in terms of exploring new territory, the world gets smaller and smaller and smaller by the day time goes faster and faster and faster and the quicker we can get to solving. We're not left with any of the easy problems to solve by the way though the hardest of all. But fortunately, because we can partner, you can. You can build a product in Indiana using research and development from Melbourne, tapping into the latest and greatest from New Delhi all at the same time. I mean, real time you can be interconnected. ID and producing products right here in the state of Indiana. And that's that's an exciting exciting endeavor in terms of that business to business relationship. It's also I call Geeta g government to government, not just business business, but government to government. So marrying to places of of that have a mutual goal, but offer that certainty and over that predictability and and and and and then in addition to that people to people. So we also seek and every trip I go to, whether it's Budapest or or Bengal, or we seek to foster cultural exchanges as well. And and the latest is I just returned from Jerusalem and and we, we extended the invitation to to bring back some antiquities some artifacts here to the state of Indiana. That otherwise I not gone in and been invited to come inside of the Rockefeller museum and see the the very facility that housed the Dead Sea scrolls. We wouldn't have that opportunity or invite folks from Israel a country that's sixty percent desert a quarter of the size of the state of Indiana invite some of their elementary and high school students to come over and and and work with our FFA. Our future farmers of America sixty seven thousand will descend on the state of Indiana for nine years straight and then hopefully beyond that, but but integrating are to this innovation nation. Israel, that one of the powerhouses in the world with one of the powerhouses in terms of production and manufacturing Indian there one quarter, the size of the state of Indiana and against sixty percent work were eighty three percent farm and forest. What happens when you marry those two. You know, good things come, but you have to show up first and foremost, and then you have to agree on what is it exactly we want to accomplish here and it always comes down to what comes out of it. At the end of the day, are we improving quality of life? Are we in l. really improving for both of us quality place and those are the partners I want to do business with. Obviously, a lot of our listeners are earlier in their career, maybe thinking about an MBA they may live in Indianapolis and love the new scene here, the new opportunities that are coming from other places as governor of this great state, what is some advice or a message that you'd like to leave for the rest of us? Well, that's that's the close right there. I love. I love the final pitch. It's it's. Not just dream big, but go big. I mean, we take the state of Indiana global and we don't just think inside our own border or own municipality. The lines we vet, we ignore the lines to be quite Frank. And so I would say think big, go big Indiana wants you to do it here. You can do it here and I think faster and bigger than and then anywhere that compete with never settle, it's it's, it's it's thinking big that will get us to those final solutions faster and and get engaged now. And what I mean by that is as you're learning also be doing applying that education or that training or that retraining, and so that you're the passport that you hold of life. When you're going from place to place or experience to experience, how's it building on top of each other? And then making sure that at the at the end of the day, that transition is an abrupt because you've that. It's just seamless that transition. It's one constant improvement of not just your life, but everything you touch.
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