21 Burst results for "Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher"
Monocle 24: The Foreign Desk
"prime minister margaret thatcher" Discussed on Monocle 24: The Foreign Desk
"I'm too close, but that's how it feels. Obviously don't need to tell you of all people that this is going to be an absolutely immense global televisual event. That being the case, do you think the image that the people who tune into this are getting of Britain as opposed to the monarchy is accurate? How much of modern Britain do you think is reflected in what the monarchy projects overseas? You know, I think one of the things that you really get here is the cross cultural nature of what the country has become. King Charles spoke about that in his speech that during the lifetime of the queen, it's become a country of multiple cultures, multiple faiths. So the face of the UK has changed in that time. But all the faces of the UK seem to be speaking with one voice about the queen. Look, it is a self selective process in a way that if you go out on the street and you get in line to go pay your respects to the queen's coffin. Then you would naturally be somebody who would have stronger feelings towards the monarchy. But I think what we're seeing on the streets is a reflection of what Britain has become, which is a vastly different place than the post World War II Britain of the early 1950s when the queen came to the throne. And I was in Scotland as well. And Northern Ireland and I have to say, you know, you have unionists and nationalists in both countries. I didn't get that feeling talking to people that here was a unionist. And here was a nationalist. People who were nationalists and both Scotland and Ireland were Northern Ireland, were telling me that they were very supportive of what the queen had done and were willing to give King Charles a shot to see how well he could do. Big shoes to fill in, they said, but they wanted to see how he would do. All that said, do you think there is any argument that the monarchy does create an idea of the United Kingdom? This idea of the country is a somewhat staid, stuffy, hidebound, old fashioned sort of place. Sure it does, that's where the monarchy comes from it comes from a system of an entitled elite that maintained their place of authority in the country and along comes a parliament. Hundreds of years ago and things begin to change. And I think the evolution that we see today, the aristocracy is not as big and as entitled and as powerful as it was. And you can not escape the Pinnacle of the aristocracy is the monarchy. But again, it's an evolution, and it changes. And I think the royals are acutely aware of that as everyone else. There have been dissenting voices over the last little while, and many of them have focused on the monarch's place as the head of what was an empire which spanned pretty much the entirety of the world at one point and which, like all empires do, did not do, I think it's fair to say, unalloyed good in all of the territories, it conquered. Does maintaining the monarchy as these people have argued, do you think it prevents a proper reckoning with empire, or is there perhaps some sort of case to be made that maintaining the monarchy kind of encourages that conversation to continue? These are great questions. And it's very hard to answer them simply, I think. Beyond a doubt, the monarchy grew stronger and richer through the empire. And that was at the detriment to people within that empire. As the empire fell apart, the queen pulled together some remnants of that empire in the Commonwealth Commonwealth of 53 nations, which really sort of identifies itself today because the sovereign of the UK is only the sovereign of 14 other countries. Is one that sort of sees itself more defined by common allies in business in sporting events. In these regards, I think rather than the sort of overlordship. Which gets to your point of how do you ever have a reckoning with that past? And I think it's hugely important and difficult if there's anyone that can reckon with the past, that surely should be the monarchy. But when you try to sort of break down the ideas of empire, of course, there were empires that go way back before the British Empire, Roman Greek, or whatever. And how far back do you go in history? I suppose you could look at what happened to the original Britons when the Romans arrived here and never recovered because the angles and saxons came in the south and then the Vikings from the north and all of that. But the deep, I think, hurt that the empire has caused is more visible because as I was saying it's on the streets of our country today and there are people and we've seen this through the statues protests here who feel that sense of empire wronging them as being very, very real and rightly they should feel that way. Can this monarchy evolve towards that? Look, if the popular voice says you need to do this, then that's the direction the monarchy will be pushed in. The monarchy, if nothing knows how to survive and it is shaped by what people want. Just finally then, do you think there's any way at all that King Charles the third can hope to have the same diplomatic heft, his mother required, or was that presence eventually a function of her longevity, that she'd just become such a permanent fixture that she was seen as this. I guess solid and reliable and considerable diplomatic force. Well, she came to the throne at a time when the United Kingdom was still a very large global force to be reckoned with the world was reconstructing itself out of the ashes of World War II and therefore there was a dynamic that existed there where Britain carried more weight in that dynamic and shaping the world and the queen could have a bigger role in that than I think Charles can have in hope of shaping a significantly similar diplomatic heft that the queen had because the role of the United Kingdom is more diminished. We don't have a voice as strong as we did in the European Union, for example, there are members of the Commonwealth that feel that's not a good idea. The British Empire, what remains of it is not as malleable as it was when Queen Elizabeth came to the throne. Nick Robertson, thank you for joining us. That was Nick Robertson international diplomatic editor for CNN. As the title of this week's episode of the foreign desk foreshadows, Queen Elizabeth II's funeral will indeed be a funeral like no other. But there have been funerals a bit like it, which means that there are people who have some idea what it is like to attend such an occasion. Earlier we spoke to Alexander stubb, who served as prime minister of Finland from 2014 to 2015, mister stube attended the ceremonial funeral of former British prime minister Margaret Thatcher back in September 2000 and 13. Yeah, I mean, I remember being in the cathedral and obviously the moon being very somber. And I also actually remember George Osborne being teary eyed. And, you know, a lot of the people that memories of Thatcher speaking, I think it was a very solemn and a grand event. And I certainly will never forget it. I think I was trade minister at the time. And they told me where to go and what to do. There's a lot of waiting around. There's a lot of security. I do hope so remember that all the streets were shot down. And you know, I think London is quite how would I say busy city. And then once the procedure was over, for some reason, the embassy car was able to be taken through the streets of London in an opposite direction with absolutely no people around. And that felt kind of eerie
Bloomberg Radio New York
"prime minister margaret thatcher" Discussed on Bloomberg Radio New York
"To provide cheaper bills for businesses and we don't have the power to do that. Unless the government simply gives money away to companies who aren't imposing fair prices as it is. And that can't be right. Rebecca, a question about female leadership, which is an issue close to my heart. Third female prime minister, third female conservative prime minister Margaret Thatcher Theresa May now list trust, they have fewer female MPs on the conservative side than labor does. I mean, come on, does labor not need a female leader? I'm sure you'll be with me on this cry. Well, I thought so, but obviously other people didn't but you know what I'm saying? Indeed. Are you surprised are you surprised that given the economic challenges facing this country, Rebecca, that labor aren't polling better? Okay, you got a ten, a ten point lead, but given everything that this country is facing, you must be slightly disappointed that you're not doing better. I think we've got a significant power lead at the moment and that's not to be sniffed at. But I think if we're going to keep that pollie going at hope that it labor conference will now start to set out some very detailed long-term policies. The shorts are in policies are very much needed, but we need to set out a vision of what the country will look like under a labor government. And as I said earlier, that requires a huge emphasis on industrial strategy, real leveling, not the leveling up that's been abdicated by the Conservative Party and also setting out how that by growing that economy and developing that industrial strategy so that we're competing with leading industrial nations around the world. We're not at the moment. In fact, on research and development, I think we're aiming for 2.4% other countries are at 3% of their GDP when it comes to we're aiming for 2.4% other countries are at 3% of their GDP when it comes to research and development. We need to really up our game and I'm sure we'll certainly do that as the months go on within the Labor Party and we'll see some exciting things coming out. Okay, let's see yes how party conference season develops not far off Rebecca long Bailey, my thanks to the former shadow Secretary of State for business energy and industrial strategy current labor MP. I mean, nationalization, re nationalization of energy, companies, has long been in the stomping ground of the Labor Party that work closer to that than perhaps we've ever been in the past certainly in Europe we have been, but very interesting to get Rebecca's views. You're listening to Bloomberg. Markets, headlines and breaking news 24 hours a day. The Bloomberg business app and good for both quick take. This is a Bloomberg business flash. 9
"prime minister margaret thatcher" Discussed on WTOP
"Presented by indeed dot com. I'm at piper in New York, breaking news out of Russia, where state news agencies there are reporting the death of former Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev. At the age of 91, our Vicky Barker has a look back. Gorbachev was a little known career communist when he took charge of the Kremlin in 1985, but soon Americans who knew no Russian learned the meaning of glasnost and perestroika openness and restructuring the hallmarks of Gorbachev's reforms. At home, he freed dissidents, increased personal liberties and permitted private ownership of businesses overseas. He impressed British prime minister Margaret Thatcher. I like mister Gorbachev. We can do a business together. Under Gorbachev's leadership, Soviet troops were pulled out of Afghanistan, Eastern Bloc countries got more freedom to pursue their own priorities and the two superpowers negotiated nuclear arms reductions. Reducing gun violence is the name of the game for President Biden today. He's blasting Republicans during a stop in Pennsylvania for not more strongly condemning rioters who attacked police at the capitol. Near his hometown of Scranton, the president reiterated his call for a ban on semi-automatic weapons. He urged voters to press candidates to support the ban this fall. Fans know vote against them. Insisting he wants to fund police, not defund agencies, mister Biden pointed to new rhetoric from the right. I'm opposed to defunding the police and also opposed to defunding the FBI. The president said Republicans can't claim to support law enforcement while standing with those who attacked officers on January 6th. For God's sake, whose side are you on? Steven portnoy, CBS News Washington. The federal government is still trying to ramp up monkey box vaccine availability for communities most vulnerable. It's setting up clinics that are coming LGBTQ events nationwide. Reporter Chris Fox is in Texas which today reported a monkeypox death the first in the United States. According to the Texas Department of State health services, the patient who died was an adult resident of the Houston area who was severely immunocompromised. The role the monkeypox virus played in the death is currently under investigation, Texas currently has over 1600 confirmed cases. It could be a while before those who live in Jackson Mississippi have reliable drinking water. It's made water treatment facilities failed this week, and nearly 200,000 people can barely even flush toilets. White House press secretary karine John Pierre. The
Asian American History 101
"prime minister margaret thatcher" Discussed on Asian American History 101
"On Wong Kim ark is specifically highlighted in the how we got here collection. It's always a huge honor to be featured and we appreciate Apple podcasts for creating the collections which also include collective bravery, building community, hashtag stop Asian hate, representing us, and unity in laughter. It's interesting because we haven't seen similar celebrations or collections on other podcast directories. So hats off to Apple podcasts for doing it. Let's transition to our main story. May 11th is coming up and we all know what that means. It's the anniversary of the spam name being registered. Prior to that, it was just called pink stuff in a can. We're kidding, of course. There were other canned meats back in 1937, and they probably had innocuous names like canned cooked pork, or canned luncheon meat. We did an entire episode on the history of spam and its impact on Asian Pacific cuisines in general back in season one episode 36. We highly recommend going back and listening to it. As we mentioned in that episode, hormel introduced spam in an attempt to sell more pork shoulder, which was an inexpensive but unpopular cut of meat. The name spam is a portmanteau of the two words spiced ham. It was a way to rebrand the canned meat and make it more fun. Well, the plan worked. Spam was consumed a lot during and after World War II, when meat was hard to come by, and it was eaten by the military and spread across the world. In fact, Nikita Khrushchev, premiere of the Soviet Union declared, quote, without spam, we wouldn't have been able to feed our army. British prime minister Margaret Thatcher referred to spam as a, quote, wartime delicacy. Fun fact, the registered name spam is all in capital letters..
"prime minister margaret thatcher" Discussed on Hidden Brain
"Both in times of crisis and in normal times, public policy is focused on keeping bad people from doing bad things. Behavioral economist Sam Bowles thinks this is a mistake. He worries that such policies not only underestimate the capacity of most people to do the right thing. But can inadvertently hurt our ability to do right by others. He explores this idea in his book, the moral economy. Samples welcome to hidden brain. Thanks very much, hunker. A central assumption in economic Sam is that humans are motivated by rational self interest. The price of something goes up, I buy less of it, the price of something goes down. I buy more of it. Like many behavioral economists, you say this assumption turns out species of homo sapiens into a new one, homo economicus. What are the traits of this other species? Will this being homo economicus or economic man? Cares only about himself or herself, and therefore evaluates actions and be taken simply in terms of what's in it for me. That's the basic idea of homo economicus. So that's the self interest part. Now, there's another part which is that not only are we self interested, we're pretty good at doing it. So we're very able to think about the consequences of our actions. And that's the part that usually is associated with the word rational. I'm wondering how this idea has percolated beyond the boundaries of just economics because I feel like when I watch television or read books, this idea that people are out for themselves, you see this everywhere, I am thinking about the TV show Succession, for example. I'm concerned you might be soft. The only way he'll respect you is if you try to destroy him, I'm not saying I would make a better CEO. That's unsaid. It's not unsaid when you say it. You know, all the members of this family are fighting tooth and nail to take over their father's media company. No one trusts each other. Everyone is out for only one thing, which is personal gain. So this idea that rational behavior is selfish behavior is more than just economics right now, it's in pop culture. It's in books, it's in movies, not just in textbooks. I think that's exactly right. There is the economics of the classroom, the seminar room, and the think tank. And that's presented in a certain way, usually fairly mathematically and so on. But then there's what I call the economics vernacular. That's the way ordinary people express economic truths. And what you'll hear a lot is you get what you pay for or you'll hear former British prime minister Margaret Thatcher saying, there's no such thing as society, all we are is an individual. And these then become common sayings. So I want to talk about one last domain before we switch to some of the problems with the model that you and others have identified, it's not just in pop culture and it's not just in business and in commerce, if you think that human beings are fundamentally motivated by self interest by narrow self interest by selfishness. Then if you are a government, your job as the government is to try and restrict how people behave that you want to sort of put breaks on people's selfishness. In other words, you want to think of government as the as the bad cop, a force that cracks down on all the knaves and villains out there because that's all the people who are out there. They're all names and villains. Well, that's exactly what some governments have done. And I think one of the really remarkable things is that in policy making circles, you are regarded as highly intelligent and realistic, if you say, listen, everybody's selfish, we have to treat the citizen, the taxpayer, the employee, and so on. As if he or she was entirely selfish, because otherwise maybe we're chump or maybe we'll be taking advantage of and so on. So people who don't really believe it think that you should go on with this assumption of homo economicus because it's prudent. There might be some people who are really like that and if so, we'd better watch out and therefore we're going to design policies and so on. As if everyone was that way, David Hume, a philosopher, economist of the 18th century, just before Adam Smith. He said that in designing a government, you should assume that everyone is a nave, he used that ancient word a nave and has nothing in his mind, but pursuing his own interest. So, given the predominance of the standard economic model, home economic is not just an economics, but in politics and popular culture and other domains, it's interesting that the models have trouble explaining why people do lots of things. And the classic example that's often given is that you're in a trip to a foreign country, you go to a restaurant, you sit down at the restaurant, you have a nice meal, and at the end of the meal, you have to decide whether to tip the waiter and you're never going to see the waiter again because you're probably not going to go back to that restaurant ever again in your life. The rational, self interested thing to do is to save some of your money, but many of us don't, we decided to tip that waiter anyway and maybe some of it is habit or maybe it's guilt, maybe it just makes you feel good. Whatever the reason there's all this messy human stuff that seems to live outside the model of homo economicus. Yes, it does. It's outside the model, and because of that, when you try to actually predict behavior, you get it wrong. The model has been systematically wrong, for example, in why do you tip people who you're never going to see again. And it happens over and over again. People pay taxes far more than they should. If all they cared about was enforcement, that is people have calculated whether or not the expected gain to trying to cheat is actually worth it, and it is. But people cheat remarkably little on their taxes or think about this. People often say political scientists do, and we often think that, well, when you go to the ballot box, you vote your pocketbook or your wallet. They'd ever bother to ask, well, if that's the case, why did you go to the ballot box in the first place? Why bother to go? It took you a little bit of time to get down to the polling place. And you're sure that your vote won't settle the election. So if you vote selfishly why vote at all, now these are pretty basic contradictions in a theory and it's surprising it survived as long as it did. Because it does such a bad job in explaining what people do. And it also contradicts very much our own introspection, not only about ourselves, but we see others doing acts of great generosity often self sacrifice. And it surprising to me that economists didn't wonder sooner than now, I wonder if this model is really okay because it's not doing so well in predicting a lot of behaviors which are not controversial. Everybody knows they exist..
"prime minister margaret thatcher" Discussed on WTOP
"Had a problem He wanted more of his citizens to support him So he took the nationalistic route and on the 2nd of April 1982 Argentina mounted a surprise invasion of the Falkland Islands The Falkland Islands Tiny little spot in the South Atlantic that had been British since 1833 The Argentine had long laid claim to the territory but up until 1982 things had never reached the point of war A shocked British prime minister Margaret Thatcher knew that her political future rested on decisive action So she assembled a huge naval task force And she sent it halfway around the world to kick the Argentine out of the Falkland Islands and the vast proportion of the British public warmed to the support of their military Parts of the American administration were far from convinced there was even pressure for Washington to remain neutral between two of America's allies But then the close personal relationship between president Ronald Reagan and prime minister Thatcher came into play America ended up supplying the British with vital aviation fuel sidewinder missiles intelligence and satellite imagery You even offered to lend us an aircraft carrier if one of ours was lost Now that is a real trend Meantime the task force sailed south on the conflict proper began The British sank the Argentine flagship the general belgrano with the loss of 323 crew Two days later the Argentine sank the British destroyer HMS Sheffield Other ships followed Eventually British troops marched across the islands and stormed the capital port Stanley liberating the Falklands from the outgunned Argentine who finally surrendered on the 14th of June The conflict had lasted 74 days with more than 900 casualties Misses Thatcher went on to dominate the British political scene general gautieri wasn't that fortunate He spent the rest of his life in prison and internal exile These days Britain and Argentina have close relations and have agreed to differ over those windy islands in the South.
"prime minister margaret thatcher" Discussed on WTOP
"The history of the dictatorship this morning it's London calling 40 years ago this summer Argentina's dictator general leopoldo galtieri had a problem He wanted more of his citizens to support him so he took the nationalistic route and on the 2nd of April 1982 Argentina mounted a surprise invasion of the Falkland Islands The Falkland Islands tiny little spot in the South Atlantic that had been British since 1833 The Argentine had long laid claim to the territory but up until 1982 things had never reached the point of war A shocked British prime minister Margaret Thatcher knew that her political future arrested on decisive action So she assembled a huge naval task force and she sent it halfway round the world to kick the Argentine out of the Falkland Islands and the vast proportion of the British public warmed to the support of their military Parts of the American administration were far from convinced there was even pressure for Washington to remain neutral between two of America's allies But then the close personal relationship between president Ronald Reagan and prime minister Thatcher came into play America ended up supplying the British with vital aviation fuel sidewinder missiles intelligence and satellite imagery You even offered to lend us an aircraft carrier if one of ours was lost Now that is a real trend Meantime the task force sailed south on the conflict proper began The British sank the Argentine flagship the general belgrano with the loss of 323 crew Two days later the Argentine sank the British destroyer HMS Sheffield Other ships followed Eventually British troops marched across the islands and stormed the capital port Stanley liberating the Falklands from the outgunned Argentine who finally surrendered on the 14th of June The conflict had lasted 74 days with more than 900 casualties Misses Thatcher went on to dominate the British political scene general gautier wasn't that fortunate He spent the rest of his life in prison and internal exile These days Britain and Argentina have close relations and they agreed to differ over those windy islands in the South Atlantic That's London calling for today This is Simon Bates for.
"prime minister margaret thatcher" Discussed on WTOP
"In The history of the dictatorship this morning it's London calling 40 years ago this summer Argentina's dictator general leopoldo galtieri had a problem He wanted more of his citizens to support him so he took the nationalistic route and on the 2nd of April 1982 Argentina mounted a surprise invasion of the Falkland Islands The Falkland Islands tiny little spot in the South Atlantic that had been British since 1833 The Argentine had long laid claim to the territory but up until 1982 things had never reached the point of war A shocked British prime minister Margaret Thatcher knew that her political future arrested on decisive action So she assembled a huge naval task force and she sent it halfway round the world to kick the Argentine out of the Falkland Islands and the vast proportion of the British public warmed to the support of their military Parts of the American administration were far from convinced there was even pressure for Washington to remain neutral between two of America's allies But then the close personal relationship between president Ronald Reagan and prime minister Thatcher came into play America ended up supplying the British with vital aviation fuel sidewinder missiles intelligence and satellite imagery You even offered to lend us an aircraft carrier if one of ours was lost Now that is a real trend Meantime the task force sailed south on the conflict proper began The British sank the Argentine flagship the general belgrano with the loss of 323 crew two days later the Argentine sank the British destroyer HMS Sheffield Other ships followed Eventually British troops marched across the islands and stormed the capital port Stanley liberating the Falklands from the outgunned Argentine who finally surrendered on the 14th of June The conflict had lasted 74 days with more than 900 casualties Misses Thatcher went on to dominate the British political scene general gautieri wasn't that fortunate He spent the rest of his life in prison and internal exile These days Britain and Argentina have close relations and have agreed to differ over those windy islands in the South Atlantic That's London calling for today this is Simon Bates for CBS News In Devon You are listening to what those 3.5 FM NADP dot com Is there any bigger debate in sports than where to watch the.
"prime minister margaret thatcher" Discussed on WBUR
"The circumstances are unique The agreement is unique It is right that we should feel a sense of history of pride and of confidence in the future There are thank you for the privilege of being the first In the 1980s British prime minister Margaret Thatcher held talks with the Chinese premier Deng Xiaoping They agreed some basics Hong Kong's capitalist system and its way of life would remain unchanged for 50 years until 2047 as a special administrative region of China The two countries signed a joint declaration in 1984 So Stephen let's go one step back Can you explain to us what this concept of one country two systems is The Communist Party in China has been remarkable at doing these kind of mental gymnastics if you like but coming up with an expression or a phrase to explain something very complicated of people and the idea being that while Hong Kong is completely part of China that there are two systems there's one system of governance running Hong Kong and there's one on the mainland The problem of course is that ultimately it is part of China And there's another watershed event to consider according to Stephen In 1989 after the joint declaration but before the handover from Britain to China an event took place that would reverberate in Hong Kong and throughout the world for decades From Tiananmen Square the sound of.
"prime minister margaret thatcher" Discussed on 77WABC Radio
"Segment that so many love on this day Frank on this day September 20th 18 14. The Star Spangled Banner is published as a song lyrics by Francis Scott. Key Music by John Stafford Smith. In 1958. On this day, A civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr was seriously injured when a black woman stabbed him in the chest. King was making an appearance at a New York City department store. On this day September 2018 60 Prince Edward of Wales, the air to Queen Victoria of England, her her eldest son makes a multi stop tour of the United States. It was the first time a British royal set foot in this country. Obviously, that's fairly significant. Given the genesis of our country, he was enthusiastically greeted by President James Buchanan. Who had served in Britain and had very good relations with Queen. One of the highlights was a formal state dinner, after which a fireworks display featuring both American and British symbols wowed the crowd. It was a huge success and a pleasant distraction for a country on the precipice of civil war on this day in 1968. New York Yankee legend Mickey Mantle belted his 536th and final home run. And on this day September 20th 1946 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill gives his infamous United States of Europe speech at a university in Zurich, Switzerland. The gist was that he felt the only way to end the constant warmongering in Europe was to guarantee peace through unification. On this day in 1972 former Beatle Paul McCartney was arrested for growing marijuana on his farm in Scotland. Uh, Paul Well, that's it for the honest day. I don't have any more. No. Me neither. All right, we'll just again a reminder, everybody. If you're coming into New York City today, Joe will tell you a little bit more about this, but we are getting ready for the General Assembly, the United Nations General Assembly. Over there on the East side. But of course, when you have all of these leaders coming to town, with all of their entourages and their motorcades, it is just chaos. So lots of world leaders equals lots of traffic jams equals lots of headaches. So just be prepared for that. Just a little reminder. Um, we do have some entertainment news. Would you like to get to that? Absolutely. Let's do it. It was a very, very bright night for England. Set shows and British actors at 20th and of the 2021 Emmy Awards. Ted Lasso. Are you familiar with the show? Frank? No, but I know Matt's Mpenza is a big fan. Love that shit is what is the gist of this show? It's basically, um, hold on, let me I had I had this prepared actually for Frank, because I had no clue, Frank if you watched the show, but so, like I had a little biography prepared for it. Okay, so here Make it snappy. Yes, I will. It's like this small time football coach, and he's like hired to prove he's hired to coach the soccer team in England. Despite having no soccer experience. That's the gist of the show Coach professional soccer team in the Premier League. Okay, so Jason Sudeikis is the star. He won the statuette for outstanding well, they won for outstanding comedy series he won for lead actor. They also one for supporting actress Hannah when watching Ham. And supporting actor Brett Goldstein. And then you had on the drama side. The crown, which finally got its its its do. It was actually tied with the Mandalorian for the most nominated drama series for 24. Um, it's a Netflix drama. Of course, it's explores the reign of Queen Elizabeth the second It pulled off a trio of sweeps Olivia Colman and Joshua Connor, one lead actress and lead actor. Coleman played the queen. She did an amazing job like she always does. She's such an amazing actress. I love her. And Joshua Connor played Prince Charles Fantastic job to also Gillian Anderson. One of my favorites, She played the Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, and did a phenomenal job. She won as well for supporting roles and bias. Menzies triumph for his role as Prince Philip and lots more to tell you about the British actress Kate Winslet won. She won from Mayor of East Town and lead actress prize in a limited series category. So I don't know if you saw that, Frank, but that was also fantastic. Love it. Absolutely. I was happy to see Um the Queen's gambit. Get win there. I'm a fan of that series. But that was fantastic. Yeah, that was a great one shows. I'm unfamiliar with you and McGregor scored a lead actor award and limited series for Halston. So I don't know if you saw that, But that was also really fantastic. I mean, it was like, Whoa, what It was very It was kind of shocking to see him play such a very, very dramatic gay man. So I think, because if you don't you and McGregor, he's usually playing, you know, kind of the sexier guy roles. Well, congratulations to all the winners. 5 37 congratulations to Joe Nolan for retaining his job as traffic.
The Crown: The Official Podcast
"prime minister margaret thatcher" Discussed on The Crown: The Official Podcast
"Of netflix is incredible loyal drama the crime now as we patiently await the next season of the crowd. I was lucky. Enough to get together with the cast and creatives tillich bucket season. Four of the show as you might expect. We couldn't get in a room together. Geeta couvert so. This pineau was recorded. Virtually sit back and enjoy and will be back soon with more of the crime. I am thrilled to have with me at creator and writer. Peter morgan olivia colman. Who plays queen. Elizabeth the second to buy menzies plays prince philip joshua corner who plays prince charles jillian on descent who plays prime minister margaret thatcher an mccord. Who plays chris as diana. well call. It's lovely to see you all now. I've so many questions and we've got some lovely kind of moments that we have a few clips. We're gonna play as well but pizza. I'm going to start with you if that's okay. And so this season season for the crown show. Casey's a new eater for the monarchy and the universe expands with the introduction of two iconic historical figures female historical figures princess diana on prime minister margaret thatcher picks up in early eighties. And how did you know what story's within naida that you won't need to include particularly with that's always the part of the process the takes longest is when you know. I knew coming into this. The season full was going to span. The period of time of margaret thatcher's rains prime minister. I knew going to go from seventy nine. To ninety some things obviously lee pounds it of time. Charles dina get married in that period of time mountbatten gets assassinated in period of time that we go to war in the full clones. And then he's talking about characters perhaps to them privately and then he thought just through the fantastic research team. Mark got you thought. Uncovering sutton magical of episodes which i didn't know deference you must be another model because you know this subject Coating over it for a while. So you get occasional beside the one about the cousins. The cousins regimental one where wages After store right. And i and i need the store up michael fagan breaking into the think pretty much always wanted to write attitudes so bit by bit by you. Come up. Have about twenty ideas. You just whittled down until you enough montana and your mentioned your research team headed of course by the fabulous on the braga who i love to. And it's such an important relationship between the research team. Isn't it in terms of you through and things out them then they come back to you with with with suggestions or all truths or you know with all the work process like i said precipitates smells actual writing. The episodes You write them in rewrite and rewrite the figuring out of the season and making sure that of course you know once once identified which stories you're interested in some of which have been uncovered by research some of which job i've made up in my mind. What should be like. The resuscitate generally tells me on raw. But did you know that when when you finally go you have to figure out you know. Have i given enough spicy to the characters you know. Each of the characters really sir. The riveting called blacks individuals. And so you wanna you wanna make sure they. Each have a an appropriate moment in the spotlight to inside so day. You have to start. What way not happen to the seasonable point. He's got for. The eighty percent of work is is my season identify wage. It's going to do. The rights is straightforward by parx token by riveting characters diana and charles. We're gonna talk about from their courtship to the broadcast around the world to millions deceive luke but in the show to the romance and the relationship between prince charles and lady before we discuss this. I mean it's grip in its heart wrenching performance from you booth looking to show a clip from episode ten war. We're charles and diana engage in a pretty intense argument over a trip. That diana's recently taken to new york. Let's take who are you referring to camilla. Why would i care about her tariff. How warning nights. I care about her. If you heard me camilla's who i want. That is where my loyalties lie. The fact is we my priorities. Well the mother of your children don't bring the boys into these. all right. fused government grotesque alliance every time. I think i've i've seen that seen so many times. In every time i watch it i. It brings me to kind of just tears. I can just feel the emotion for you guys. It was lovely to watch you reactions slight fear and kind of. I don't know if i want to watch this or no inure. Ohio and josh and emma. Congratulations on these performances. In this season. Because i mean i could spend hours talking to you about it but that particular scene what you remember about foam in that seen i remember it was one of the most difficult scenes we show because we took these characters to pay so we haven't really taken them before in terms of really expressing with such ferocity their emotions which they had to kind of like sculpted around before. I remember just like being a bit like so taken by. When i like josh went in the i only god it was waived because by that we just we show that quite a on him. We were such good friends and sifang each other and it was a way to suddenly have to really dig deep like like scraping each other. It was it was strange. We emma says like such. I'm very very kinds. Each each morphing that read on the day we doing this thing. I'm saying reading. I wanna talk how you find that balance between me not going example of being in the moment and a not leading into the future tragedy of of the relationship of diana we already know. Did you almost have to kind of try. And keep the eye of of your mind and sticking with where the relationship was and where they were at that time. It's something we always bear mind but it was helped us to try and see the issues that they were dealing with an ingratiating as Just like quite normal ones like people walking out of marriage all known trying not to see it as like get bogged down so much. This chops diana antiques. Like the writing series. Upstanding way because it's you realize you're playing like all right as much. the will. Yeah i wanted to ask you peter but right in that that particular scene how you how you find words the energy and the pace as well to convey fractured in the marriage relationship to the wolves time at the time we got to this point like emma was saying.
"prime minister margaret thatcher" Discussed on Awards Chatter
"Hi everyone thank you for tuning into the four hundred. Th episode of awards cheddar the hollywood reporter's awards podcast. I'm the host scott feinberg and my guest. Today is one of the most admired stage and screen actresses of her generation she i burst into the public's consciousness twenty eight years ago on the x. Files chris carter's groundbreaking sci-fi drama for fox. Playing fbi agent dana scully. A young woman with a medical degree and graduate degree in physics. Who with her partner david. Duke coveney's agent fox. Mulder investigates unsolved cases of paranormal phenomena. She played scully. Who the new york times described as one of the coolest. Most competent professional women ever portrayed on television close quote over the course of an initial run of nine seasons than to movie spin-offs and to revival seasons picking up an emmy a golden globe award and a sag award along the way in between she has also shined in indie films like the house of mirth and last king of scotland and on tv programs including bleak house. Great expectations the fall. Hannibal american gods and sex education but never has. She received more glowing notices than she did for her portrayal of british. Prime minister margaret thatcher on the fourth season of the netflix drama series the crown for which has already won a golden globe award sag award and a critics choice award and for which she is nominated for and heavily favored to win the best. Supporting actress in a drama series. Emmy award on september nineteenth. The great gillian anderson over the course of our conversation. The fifty-three-year-old and i discussed the conflicted feelings. She has when she thinks back to her years on the x. Files why after the x. files she fled hollywood and screen acting for a number of years and why she subsequently returned to both what it means to her after so many ups and downs in the business to receive universal acclaim for her work on the crown plus much more and so without further ado. Let's go to that conversation. Thank you so much for doing the podcast. Great to have you and on this one. We always begin truly at the beginning. If you wouldn't mind sharing with our listeners where were you born and raised and what did your parents do for a living out. Gosh i well. I was born in chicago. And at the time i think both of my parents were still what were social workers or maybe one of them was a social worker. I maybe my mom. My dad was in school or something. Or other than i was raised between the uk and michigan. Now why was that. Why was the moving around happening. Because it was a few back and forth right there were i mean i. I was in chicago for about six months We were we were in chicago six months and then we moved to puerto rico because my dad's family was living there and they were trying to save money. My parents were trying to save money so my dad could go to film school. They'd chosen london and so we were there for about fifteen months and then we moved to the uk. When i was two and then my dad wanted the film school and my mom. I think pretty much right away. A job with lloyds bank doing programming. Now your dad was he looking to be an actor or film or director was his expert. I think ultimately he was looking to be a director and and then when when we eventually moved to the us again it was It was going after a particular job that he'd been offered making industrial films. Main gern rapids michigan and then he ended up starting his own company called motion picture makers and i am pretty sure that the intention was always to direct. But then he in building his business he ended up getting sidetracked with all the other stuff that one has to do and one and then they ended up making a post production company called trillion. That was post production for i think predominantly commercials industrial films. But i was going to say industrial films at one time. Where big business. So i imagine in michigan especially so so. That's interesting So you though from what. I've been able to gather doing my preference. It seems like there was always sort of a desire to act. Read this one thing where i think you said. It was the first time you are acknowledging this but that you would sometimes as a kid stand in front of the mirror and just try to inhabit different people but it does sound like a lot of the acting. You didn't when you were a team was was acting l. Right there was some. There was some kind of a rebellious streak. What was that about Yeah that's that's that's the question of the century No i i have a good sense of what that was about. The you're right. It was that there was a lot of. I don't actually remember when the first moment was that. I thought that i wanted to be an actor I must've been influenced in some way by the fact that I visited my dad at the film school. i think he made a short film for The film school at one. Point that i think i was in and then i- auditions when i was in michigan for for some community theater productions and and it was after actually getting cast in one that i then had the experience of feeling would it was like to properly to properly act. I think prior to that may be. I've been stuck in some christmas show or something like that but that had been the extent of it so i think that's probably what got the ball rolling in my in my mind and yeah i do remember standing in front of the mirror trying to make my face do various things and then for for that i guess maybe overlapping with your involvement with community theater high school productions and stuff was this period of. You've just kind of not wanting to conform. I guess too. I don't know. I guess the way average person dressed or acted whatever i mean. I think a lot of that has to do with with feeling so out of place In michigan having come from london. Even though i i wasn't really old enough to understand all that the uk represented in terms of counterculture. That wasn't my experience. I only discovered counterculture walling grand rapids and there was something about it that that spoke to a need in me to to act out and so and also you know what we used to go back to the uk in the summer because my parents had a like a small flat there for a long time and so as i got older and got to experience. Different parts of england started to pay attention to the to the punks. And the you know the various neighborhoods and and etcetera i I started to embrace that. So how did your parents feel. When i guess pretty much right off after high school teams like you. You are part of this national theater program at cornell. You're going off to theater school yourself in in chicago. Drama school yourself i mean. Was this something. They were supportive of or was this also.
"prime minister margaret thatcher" Discussed on Future Hindsight
"And i think they do a lot of things right that we forget they do. I think it was. Maybe reese witherspoon. She said something. Like you know if you wanna get anything done. Any child knows you're going to ask you a mother. You're not going to ask father to do it. We actually in our crisis research. We did focus groups and i was actually very disappointed because millennial man i assumed would be progressive but they rated man as much higher as leaders during a crisis but the millennial men in focus groups talked about how their moms were really good multi-taskers and problem solvers so that made them give women credit so it is true that people recognized that from the women in their lives in the women and their families. Yeah well i think just are so deeply steeped sexism all around the world that it's really difficult to shake that belief with our actual lived experience of knowing women to be perfectly capable of being leaders absolutely Barbara is always really inspired by the marian wright at quote you can't be what you can't see and one positive over the past few years that hopefully will change. Things is seeing more women than ever run and serve office and even seeing for the first time. Two women sitting behind the president when he addressed congress. Hopefully all of those little things are going to chip away at those long held stereotypes seeing our vice president coming down the stairs of her airplane wearing converse it was a sensation and it was a mean but it was important because it was against the stereotype of what vice presidential candidate looks like and so hopefully all of those things will break down that imagination barrier jeff. I hope you're right. Thank you very much for being on feature hindsight and thank you for all the work that you do. Oh thank you so much for having me. I think it's fascinating what the research has revealed about our biases against women running for executive office. There's a massive amount of cognitive dissonance between how women are experienced in real life such as being a mother who gets things done and how they're perceived conceptually like being weak and unqualified. Also there continues to be a double standard when it comes to the qualifications of women who are running for office to satisfy both gender. Stereotypes for both men and women is really not reasonable. So why are men held to a lower standard. And when are we going to stop doing that when i think of strong. Women like prime minister margaret thatcher and chancellor angela merkel. I wonder how long it will take us here to finally elect a woman as president. What i do know is that the more we support women to run and to them to public office. The sooner we will get there. I know that some of you are dedicated listeners. Of the podcast. And i want to know what you've done.
Newsradio 970 WFLA
"prime minister margaret thatcher" Discussed on Newsradio 970 WFLA
"Try the New Texas people. Buffalo Chicken tenders at Roy Rogers restaurants. Garnish and uber eats available at participating restaurants. The Bank of Clark County makes it easy for you to get out and do the things you love with their new credit card options that are convenient, offer premium rewards and increase your purchasing power. Carry a credit card from the bank, you know and trust with the local friendly service you expect. Apply today at Bank of clark dot bank or visit your local branch subject to credit approval. Asked for details Member F D I C What you're about to hear is the fusion of entertainment and arguments. Girls the Glenn Beck program really excited to talk to a dear friend of mine, Art Laffer. About the economy. He is. He knows what's going on, and he also knows how to fix it. I like him because he's not gloom into me. Makes me feel better. You know, I'm like we're all dead by Thursday. Art, and he's like we have until Saturday. What are you talking about? Uh, he is the father of supply side economics. He was President Reagan's economic policy. Advisory board for both terms. He advised Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher during the eighties. Uh, he has taken I think it's Argentina and completely turned it around. He and a team went down there when they were having hyper inflation and completely turned it around. And he was awarded the presidential Medal of Freedom. Yeah, I got that from Donald Trump. But look what I have. Have a box of hostess Twinkie cereal, and that's good for a whole week where you're wearing your medal after you leave the Oval Office hard. These last a week, baby. Alright. Laugher joins us in 60 seconds canny to metal can't eat the metal William Beck program can but Heavy metals. Bad for you. Mike Lindell started his company with a dream. The rest of us have been having pretty good dreams ever since..
"prime minister margaret thatcher" Discussed on C-SPAN Radio
"Soon operational control and command of all forces allocated by are several countries to the defense of Europe. And, of course, one year later in 1952 General Eisenhower would be elected as our 34th president. And so with that background, we turn to Daniel coaches. He is a senior policy analyst on European affairs for the Margaret Thatcher Center for Freedom, part of the Heritage Foundation. And I want to begin with a piece that you wrote last August. That really summarizes what we want to talk about. For the next 25 minutes. You said getting to understand the balance of NATO requires an understanding of where the alliance has been. Where it is now and where it is headed. So let's take all three points one at a time first. What is it that we need to know that we should understand about NATO's organization back in the late 19 forties? Well, thank you for having me on today. It's a pleasure to talk to you in the audience about what I think is just such an important topic and evergreen topic for the United States. You know, NATO really has done more than any other multilateral organization to promote democracy, peace security in Europe. Andrea Lee, the broader transatlantic community and this is something that benefits the U. S. And then if it's Europe I think sometimes there's a misunderstanding. That's Daito and the European Union sort of grew up side by side, but really, it was the security umbrella that was provided by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Allowed all these other sort of multilateral organizations that are now in place, toe spring up in the grow and safety on. So you know when NATO was creative in 1949 Purpose really was a collective security organization. That still is its primary purpose today, but these were, of course, war ravaged countries in western Europe. They were facing the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact countries. Germany, of course, was divided and there was a real recognition that Not only could these countries not defend themselves against a Soviet aggression or concerted aggression from Warsaw Pact and this every union But that they also needed sort of the security umbrella to rebuild their economies and become partners for the U. S. So that's where you had this. This idea of Article five of the North Atlantic Treaty, which was You know. One attack against one is an attack against all on and so basically a guarantee that if there was an attack from East Germany and West Germany that the French the British, the United States would be there. Fighting alongside of it. And of course, there was also sort of the nuclear component a NATO then and now was and is a nuclear alliance and so really an extension of the U. S nuclear deterrent to other countries in Europe that were U. S allies. Can you explain the governing structure of NATO essentially how it operates? And as one nation have more say over another? No, there is no no nation has once I necessarily over know that there is actually a council. That means this is a council of meat that the heads of state there are lesser meetings that happens for at the year. Defense ministers. Foreign ministers come, but ultimately it comes down to this this'll counsel that is of each country sort of has its own vote on and so you know, for instance, if there's an aggression any country to come And they can request that Article five be invoked. That doesn't necessarily have to happen, Um, countries kid can choose whether or not they believe that this is this meets the threshold really even attack And so you know some of the questions and I said use only bet over the cyber sphere, which now is is sort of a NATO's Q Like any other over the past few years. But there's a question of sort of what is that benchmark? Where in an aggression against the country which were happening all the time, right? The cyber attacks from the emotions from China from whereas other actors What is the threshold? That meat? Sort of, you know, an Article five attack? And so, you know, there's only been a few instances in NATO's history when Article five has been triggered. The first one was the 9 11 attacks against the United States. And so you had NATO, AWACS and reform. Warning and control systems. Airplanes flying over the United States has been Caesar Eric lasted for European aircraft and helping sort of control US scars after 9 11, so that's just one instance. There is, of course, ah, Supreme Allied Commander. There are military structures underneath the political structures on guess. Oh, you have a military commanding control structures in Europe. In case of sort of large scale warfare. You can mobilize troops quickly and sort of With these multinational grouping together and some sort of cohesive way I'm gonna go back to the words of Lord Hastings Ismay. He, of course, was NATO's first secretary general, and, he said, quote the goal of NATO to keep the Soviet Union out. Americans in And in Germany down, explain what he was referring to. Well, so you know, translates security. I think then and now Europeans recognize it, and I think most Americans do really doesn't work without the United States. There has to be this translated breach of solid footing on both sides of the Atlantic on guess. Oh, that's that's the idea that the United States needs to be involved for there to really be collective deterrence. Which has any sort of credibility and that's still true today, and we have this discussion, of course about defense spending, and all of these things really come down to the reality that the United States can insured and really needs to be remain engaged in in the earth. It's curious here. The second, of course, is about keeping the Russians out of the time Soviet Union. But you know, deterring Russia that is then and it is now really the The main existential threat to Europe. There's there's a course threats or non state actors from terror attacks and threats from Iran in terms of cyber attacks and potentially missile strike. There's threats, of course from China, which revolve and really the existential threat from many countries in Europe is and remains from Russia. And then there was the course of the time. The question of Germany, Germany. On was, you know, demilitarized, there was the period of the Nazi fication after one or two in suit. There was fear for many countries in Europe, particularly from the French and the Belgians, from the Dutch and and to some degree from the British. That a united Germany would hose really sort of this the potential military threat again in the future. And so there was this desire to have some sort of structure to ensure that that Germany never again became a military threat to its neighbors. On Dat worked for a long time. And there was there was this debate after the end of the Cold War. About what to do, Um, you know about Germany do do allow for unification. And so there was there was even a disagreement. For instance, amongst barge NATO allies, the United States under attack each W. Bush was in support of German reunification. Um Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher Was actually opposed to it. And so there was a disagreement about that, Of course, Germany did reunify and became not a military power, but it became an economic power of the first order. And so we're still sort of dealing with the implications of you know Germany's history really. Now it's been 70 80 years. And so there's there's this idea of Well, what is what is Germany's role in NATO today? And so this? This really remains a question that we're grappling with. I think a lot of people in the United States and in some other corners of NATO would like to see Germany take on a larger security role. The Germans themselves or are very reticent to do so. And some countries, I think, still harbor some concerns some historical concerns, and they're having a hard time getting over that. We're talking with Daniel coaches. He is a senior fellow at the Heritage Foundation..
"prime minister margaret thatcher" Discussed on NewsRadio KFBK
"76% protection. The vaccine hasn't yet been approved for use in the U. S. Mark Mayfield News 93.1 KFBK, Let's get you caught up. Now. This hour's top national story on ABC to former NFL players are suing the league, claiming it uses different standards for black players and white players in determining concussion payouts. ABC is Ryan Smith has been investigating. It's a controversial practice commonly known as race nor Ming. In medicine. It's supposed to help doctors make better diagnoses by using race to make assumptions about a patient's background. But critics say it is not an accurate tool and has no place in the settlement program. The White House's top medical advisor on covert Dr Anthony Fauci, encouraging people to skip the Super Bowl parties this year unless it's with members of your own family. After found she also saying the corona virus variants that seemed to spread more quickly between people are cropping up all over the country. Netflix dominating the Golden Globe nominations. The top movie nominated Manc was a Netflix production, as was the top TV show The Crown Olivia Colman and Gillian Anderson. Both got acting nods. Coleman Place, Queen Elizabeth and Anderson portrayed Former Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. Sherry Preston, ABC NEWS 170 Years of History Now at your fingertips. It's news from your neighborhood and three minutes because it matters where you get your news. Sacramental voices you can trust Kristina Mendoza, Sam Shane Kitty O'Neil breaking news, local news depth perspective mornings and afternoons in connected Sacramento's new 93.1 kfbk. Lyrics inspired by state farm. Surprisingly great rates, but my race like that great like that drive safe like that I saved like that straight up fax great grace like a good neighbor State farm. Is there Chuck Sports? Our friends were talking all the time. Most heartbreaking moments You're on, Jack. I said, my husband to get an upset Nico take prints or any but the wrong printer..
"prime minister margaret thatcher" Discussed on KOMO
"Anderson. Both got acting nods. Coleman Place, Queen Elizabeth and Anderson portrayed former Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. Carrie Preston, ABC News Co. Moh news 1000 FM 97 77 31 Right now Wednesday morning with cloudy skies and a few residual Sprinkles this morning before we get to a beautiful afternoon and right now in Seattle is 39 degrees, along with Greg Herschel time. Manda Factor here. The top stories from the Coma 24 7 News Center Jeff Bezos says he's going to step down as chief executive of the company he founded. Amazon to focus on other passions. It's a momentous transition for the man who came to Seattle in 1988 and launched one of the most successful companies in history. More from comas, Corwin Hike in an email to employees, Basil says this fall, he will step away from daily activities that Amazon to become executive chair of the Amazon board. The new CEO will be Amazon Web services head, Andy Jassy. Analyst Ed Anderson with business consultant. Gardner says the move comes as bases has fully achieved his vision for what Amazon could be not to say that there's not more growth ahead. But he certainly has achieved what he set out to do. What he did was nothing short of changing how people shop for almost everything. But Anderson says it's more than that. Zoe's really showed the world is how technology can transform the market. When applied in the right ways and at the right pace. Technology can transform an industry really any industry in the process. For better or worse, he also transformed the Seattle skyline, its economy, and critics have said the city's essential character as well. Corwin Hague Co. Moh news will be paying nearly $62 million to settle the Federal Trade Commission claim that the company withheld tips. From its flex delivery drivers. Those were the drivers that delivered goods for Obama Amazon in their own cars. The Seattle Times reports. The FTC says that settlement will be used to compensate the drivers to farm groups are suing the state of Washington for rules protecting migrant workers. The group's consider unfair John Stool, Miller of the Washington Farm Bureau insists, quote We want farm workers to get the medical care they need, but doctors, not the state should direct the appropriate level of care. One issue, according to the lawsuit is the state requirement for farmers to provide twice daily medical visits to farm workers with covert 19 symptoms. Health experts are afraid that another spike of covert cases could be sparked by Super Bowl gatherings this weekend in comas, Nick Poppin reports on what doctors recommend as we get closer to the big game. A Super Bowl during the covert 19 era is gonna look different. We want to see as many fans in the stands, but doctors say the attendance at Raymond James Stadium in Tampa is not what's worrying them. We don't want to move backward, but that will happen if we're not careful, it's Dr Chris Peters with Snohomish Health District. Is concerned about potential indoor gatherings that will most likely happen this Sunday to watch the game. The role is to limit the number of places where people a lot of people get together and are touching the same surface and breathing the same air because now we're in Phase two in the Puget Sound region. That's a likely possibility why this worries health experts can be seen through the Department of Health's data. Every time we've had a winter holiday, whether it be Thanksgiving Christmas or New Year's Eve, which are generally spent indoors cases have gone up shortly after, and right now we're seeing the number of new cases drop. And here's what's coming up on the comb. Oh, morning news, warning for those tempted to boast on Brian Calvert and showing that vaccination card on social Media is a really bad idea. Small amounts of hard drugs now legal in Oregon, But the funding for recovery isn't there yet. I'm Carleen Johnson. First.
Early climate prediction for 2020 'spot on'
"Climate Change forecasts issued decades ago made specific predictions on how much the earth would warm. One British team predicted. Global temperatures would rise half a degree Celsius from nineteen ninety two today. So how did that forecast turn out Jonathan? Watts is the guardians global environment editor. He's been tracking the British meteorological. Office climate forecasts hey. Jonathan welcome to climate cast high either get to be on. On the show, so the UK met Office Hadley Centre for climate. Science predicted in Nineteen, ninety that global temperatures would rise half a degree Celsius by this year by twenty twenty. How accurate was that forecast? Well, they just celebrated their thirtieth anniversary, and one of the things that they pointed out was that they go to spot on? The happy said to was setup to be on. On the cutting edge of climate, research, and the predictions have now been realized they were remarkably accurate, and what about Global Sea ice? You say they primarily focused on temperature, but as the years have gone by today's measurements, compared to predictions made in the last thirty years on Arctic Sea ice. If anything they'd been too conservative, they did not expect the ice melt as quickly as. As it has done at some numbers that they gave since the nineteen nineties are the yes, global temperatures won't buy Hoffa Degree Arctic Sea. Ice has shrunk by almost two million square kilometers. Sea Levels have risen by ten centimeters. Carbon Dioxide in the atmosphere has increased by sixty bucks per million so they they stress that we're living in a very different climate from the one. The that existed when this Hadley Centre started. Let's rewind back to Nineteen Ninety Jonathan. prime minister Margaret. Thatcher was considered a conservative. Did she support this work that the Hadley? Centre was doing on Climate Science Margaret. Thatcher was one of the most enthusiastic supporters of climate science. In the early days. She studied science Oxford University. She didn't need much convincing. There was a serious risk that that had to be face. She persuaded her Cabinet to put up the money. Will the Hadley Centre and she actually was there at the opening in her speech for the inauguration. She said they would be serious consequences of greenhouse gas emissions, and she said what they send to predict will affect at daily lives, governments and international organizations in every part of the weld, going to have to sit up and take notice and respond. How have the global climate predictions from the Hadley Centre from thirty years ago been received by you know both supporters and skeptics in the UK for the most part Britain does no cap, such a strong climate, skeptic movement as the US, and so there is widespread agreement in parliament in the public. Really. Serious action needs to be taken and I think highly sense the mets office. have a a part of the reason for that, because the very well respected it's, it's quite a conservative institution that these radical people they account so between bureaucrats and scientists. Very careful about the conduct predictions they make. And I think that has helped to convince a widespread of society that something needs to be
Brief History Podcast
The Falklands War Explained
"This episode is on the Falcons will and so we get straight into the Falklands war was a ten week. Undeclared war which we Argentina and the United Kingdom in one thousand nine hundred ninety two over two different territories in the south Atlanta the focus on islands territorial dependency which is south Georgia and South Sandwich Islands. The conflict guy on the second of I pro. When Argentine forces invaded occupied the focus ORLANDS? This was followed by invasion of south Georgia the next day in an attempt to establish the sovereignty claim them over on the fifth of April. The British government dispatched a naval task force to engage each week the Argentine navy and Air Force before making them in February so come the island. This conflict lasted seventy four days and ended with the Argentine surrender on the fourteenth for June. Were turning the islands to British control in total six forty nine auditorium military personnel. It's now on two hundred and fifty richest personnel and three folklore owners died during the hostilities. The conflict was a major episode. In the protracted dispute over the territory's sovereignty Argentina selected our maintains that they were Argentine find territory and Argentine government. That's characterizes military action as the reclamation of its territory the British government regard the action As an invasion of in crime colony since eighteen forty one the folkman islanders who had inhabited the island since the early nineteenth century with predominantly descendants of British cyclists and strongly favored which is shocking Leave estate officially declared war. Although both the government declared the islands of warzone hostilities was almost exclusively limited to the territories UNDIS- disputes and the area South Atlantic where Louis the conflict had a strong effect in both cultures and has been the subject various books articles films on songs uh-huh patriotic sentiment ran high in Argentina. But the outcome prompted large protests against the military government hastened its downfall in the United Kingdom the conservative government boasted by the successful outcome was reelected increased majority the following year the the cultural and political effects of the conflict have been less than the UK done in Argentina where it remains a common topic for discussion. Diplomatic diplomats relations between the United Kingdom and Argentina were restored in one thousand nine hundred nine fallen meeting Madrid a which the two governments issued the joint statement. No change in either country's position regarding the sovereignty of the Falkland Islands were made explicit in Nineteen ninety-four Argentina's in times claim to the territory was added to its constitution in the period leading up to the wall in particular perform transfer of power between the military dictators. General Jorge Raphael Videla and General Roberto Eduardo Viola late in March nineteen eighty see what Argentina have been in the midst of a devastating economic stagnation and large scale civil unrest against the military Giunta that been governor the country since nineteen seventy six in December. One thousand nine hundred what there was a change in the audit time military regime bringing to office. It's a new GENTA headed by General Leopoldo Galtieri Acting President and Averick Adele Lameta an admiral. George Weah was the main architect and supporter of military solution for the long standing claim over the islands calculating and that the United Kingdom would never respond militarily by opt-in for military action the Galateri government hoped to mobilized choice along standard patriotic feelings of Argentines towards the islands. Their star the public attention from the country's current economic problems on the regime's James Ongoing Human rights violations of the dirty war such actions would also boast a dwindling legitimacy the new space last preceding speculated on a step-by-step plan beginning with cutting off supplies to the island and direct actions slate to nine thousand nine hundred two if the UN talks were fruitless ongoing tension between the couteau countries over islands increased the online from March where Military Group of Argentine scrap metal merchants. They actually infiltrated by Argentine Marines raised as the Argentine flag at South Georgia Island. A not that would like to be seen as the first offensive action in the war. The blow navy ice patrol vessel H- H must endure. It was dispatched from standing to South Georgia on the twentieth in response the Argentine Ministry Genta suspect in the UK would reinforce his Atlantic forces ordered the invasion of the fulcrum islands to be brought forward to the second-ranked The UK was initially taken by surprise by the Argentine attack on the South Atlantic islands. Despite repeated wouldn't wooden royal naval captain Nicholas Barker it commanded. They're enjoying anivers- Balka believed that the Defense Secretary John Not Nineteen Nineteen eighty-one review in which knots described plans to rejoin the joins. The Yolk case only naval presence in the in the South Atlantic at center signal not Argentines that UK was unwilling would soon be unable to defend his territories subjects in the Falkland Islands on the Second Night Nineteen eight thousand nine hundred. The Argentine forces mounted on Fabius London's known as Operation Rosario on the Falkland Islands the invasion was met with nominal defense organized by full. Didn't governor Sir. Rex Hunt giving command to Major. Might Norman of the Royal Marines brings the events invasion included end of life. Talent commander Admiral Sanchez supply. Thomas I'm fabulous commanders. Group the attack on Moody Brook Barracks. The engagement between troops of Hugo Santelli on bill trip at Stanley on the final engagement and surrender government. Government has worthy invasion. I reach the U. K.. From auditing solstice. A minister defense operative in London had a short tally tax. Conversation with Governor. Hunt's telex operation confirmed that Argentines on the island and in control later that day BBC journalists Lorrimore Golez spoke with an Orlando at goose green via average rage of who confirmed the presence of a large oftentimes entire fleet and the Argentine forces had taken control of the island richest military operations in the Fulcrum Wolf were given the code thing Operation Culpa and the commander of the Task Force was Melissa. John fieldhouse operations lasted from first of all April nineteen thousand nine hundred to the twentieth of June nineteen ninety two. The British undertook a series of military operations as a means of recapturing the fortunes from Argentine Argentine occupation the British royalty taken prior in second April invasion in response to the events on South Georgia the submarines henchman splendid and H- H Mess Fox and was ordered to South to south on twenty nine March whereas the store ship Royal Flea Cle- exonerate for Austin was dispatched from the western Mediterranean H Messengers North Carrington. I wish to send a third submarine but his decision with deferred due to concerns about the impact on operational commitments coincidentally on the second of March suckering suckering hikmet superb after broke up and it was just seemed was in the press to be heading south that has been since been speculation. The effect effect these reports were panic. The Argentine Genta into invading the Falkland Islands before nuclear powered submarines could be deployed the following day. Join a crisis. Meeting headed by Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. The Chief of Naval Staff at Henry Leach advise that quote written could send Taskforce Skip. The islands were invaded and on the first April sent orders to a royal naval force. CARRINA LENA exercises in the Mediterranean to provide south-south Phony invasion on the second of April after emergency meeting of the cabinet approval was given to form a task force to retake the islands. This was backed in an emergency session of the House of Commons. The next day on the six by the British government set up a war cabinet to provide today political oversight the campaign this was the CRISCO instrument crisis-management to the British with his remittance to keep under review political or military development relating to the South Atlantic and to report as necessary to Defense Overseas Policy Committee. The Wall Cabinet Matt at least daily until it was dissolved on the twelfth of August although Margaret Thatcher is described as dominating the wool cabinet Lawrence Friedman notes in the official history of the Falkland Islands Campaign that she did not know opposition without concern of however wants a decision was reached. She did not look back and quote on the evening of April. The United Kingdom's nation's ambassador possums for a drop. The president of the United Nations Gertie Council the resolution which condemned hostilities in the media. Argentine ritual from the island was adopted by the council the following day as United Nations. WHO's not council resolution five? Oh two which passed with ten votes in simple when against ends up stations. China the Soviet Union potent UK receive fervor political support from members members countries the Commonwealth of Nations and the European Economic Community Australia Canada New Zealand withdrew that diplomats from bodice Ariz the e say also provided economic support by imposing economic sanctions on Argentina. Auden itself was politically literally backed by a majority of countries in Latin America of crucially knocked chilly and also some members of the Non Aligned Movement. The New Zealand government expelled the Argentine ambassador following the invasion Prime Minister Rob Dune was in London. When will grow finding an opinion piece published in science? He said quote the military rulers of Argentina must not be appeased. New Zealand will back Britain all the way and unquote will cost in on BBC World Service. He told the focus islands. This quote this robot mode do we all think Commu Given our full support total to the British government isn't this endeavors to rectify the situation. Get rid of the people invaded your Country Country Unquote on the twenty for May nine hundred eighty two. He announced that New Zealand would make H. M. S.. Concentrate prey lead. The class frigate valuable to use when the British were could fit to release royal. Navy vessels from the Falcons in the House of Commons almonds. Afterwards Margaret Thatcher said quote the New Zealand government and people have absolutely magnificent in support of this country and the Falkland Islanders just for the rule of liberty of law and quote the French president. Francois Mitterrand declared embargo home. Frenchamn sows thousand assistance to Argentina. In addition from allowed UK act craft warships use of his poor field facilities. That car in Senegal Frans provided dismisal aircraft training. So that Harry pilots could be trained against the French aircraft used by Argentina Intelligence also cooperated with Britain to prevent Argentina from containing more exit missiles on the international market. Kim a two thousand two interview in reference to the support John Not then defense secretary at disquiet France. At Britain's quote greatest tally in two thousand twelve. He came to light that wall. This poll was taken place. A French technical team employed by docile and already in Argentina remained death throughout the world. Despite presidential decree the team had provided material support to the Argentines identify and fixing faults in exit missile launchers. John Not set the unknown. The French team was that beset. It's what was thought. Be Not of any the important and advised that French government denied any knowledge the time that the tech teams that in contrast French intelligence officer maintained a team was that it was in intelligence gathering capacity. Joel not that asked if he regretted his surly praised. The French said he's the French. were quote the excess and always have been an quote. The Sierra Leone government allowed task for ships to refuel preterm. BBC Ten transport aircraft landed on Joel in the Gambia Umbria flight between the UK and Ascension Islands. The United States was concerned. A protracted conflict with the Soviet Union Argentina's Argentina's side and initially tried to meet yet then to the conflict through shuttle diplomats however when Argentina refused the US peace over rituals US Secretary of State Alexander. Hey announced that. The United States would prohibit sale arms to Argentina and provide material support richest operations rations both houses the US Congress passed resolutions supporting us. Parchin sided with the United Kingdom. The into and you S. provided United Kingdom with Sidewinder missiles for use by the Harrier jets President Ronald Reagan approved Royal Navy's Request to borrow the sea curry capable amphibious assault ship. US Awad Jima. If the British lost aircraft carrier the United States Navy developed a plan to help the richest man that Shit with American military contractors likely retired sailors with knowledge of a Jima Systems
Brief History Podcast
The Falklands War
"The Falklands war was a ten week undeclared war between Argentina on the United Kingdom in nineteen eighty two over two different territories in the South Atlantic the focus winans territorial dependency which is south Georgia and South Sandwich Islands the conflict got on the second of April when Argentine forces invaded and occupied the Falkland Islands this was followed by an invasion of south Georgia the next day in an attempt to stop the sovereignty claim them over on the fifth of April the British government dispatched a naval task. also to engage with the Argentine navy and Air Force before making them amphibious assault from the island this conflict lasted seventy four days and ended with the Argentine surrender on the fourteenth of June we're turning the islands to British control in total six hundred forty nine talk military personnel and two fifty five purchase personnel and three Falkland Islanders died during the hostilities inflict was a major episode in the protracted dispute over the territory's sovereignty Argentina asserted maintains that they all were Argentine territory an Argentine government that's characterizes military action as the recommendation of its territory the British governor my regard the action as an invasion of territory in Crime Colin leases eighteen forty the folkman islanders who had inhabited the island since the early nineteenth century with predominantly descendants of British settlers and strongly favored Britches sovereignty leave estate officially declared war although both governments declared the islands a war zone hostilities was almost exclusively limited to the territories UNDIS- disputes and the area Allante with a law. The conflict had a strong effect in both countries and has been the subject of various books articles films on songs patriotic sentiment ran high in Argentina outcome prompted large protests against the ruling military government. Hazy listen it's downfall in the United Kingdom the conservative government boasted by the successful outcome was reelected with an increased majority to follow in the empirical fact of the conflict has been less than the UK done in Argentina where remains a common topic for discussion diplomatic relations between the United Kingdom and Argentina were restored in nineteen eighty nine following a meeting in Madrid which the two government issued a joint statement no change in either country's position regarding the sovereignty of the Falkland Islands Made Explicit in Nineteen Ninety full Argentines claim to territory was added to its constitution in the period leading up to the wall in particular form the transfer of power between the military dictators General Jorge Raphael General Roberto Eduardo Viola late March nine thousand nine hundred what Argentina have been in the midst of a devastating economic stagnation and large scale civil unrest against the Military Gentler that been governing the country since nineteen seventy six in December nine thousand nine hundred there was a change in the auditorium military regime. bring into office in New Jersey headed by General Leopoldo Galtieri acting president an average Adele but the Llama Dosa and Admiral George Weah was the main architect unsupportive of a military solution for the longstanding claim over the islands calculating that the United Kingdom would never respond militarily by opted for military action the gala tear recover go to mobilize the wrong standard patriotic feelings of Argentines towards the islands there started the public attention from the country's economic problems on the regime's ongoing human rights violations of the dirty such actions would also boast a dwindling legitimacy see the new space last press speculated on the step by step plan beginning with cutting off supplies to the island and indirect actions late in one thousand nine hundred eighty two if the UN tokes free ongoing tension between the couteau countries Orlands increased on nineteen March where a Military Group of Argentine scrap metal merchants they actually infiltrated by audience I marines raised the Argentine flag at South Georgia island a knocked that would like to be seen as the first offensive action in the war the Royal Navy patrol vessel hates must endure it was dispatched from Stanley to South Georgia on the twenty fifth in response the audience time miniature Genta suspect in the UK would reinforce Atlantic pulses altered the invasion of the fulcrum islands to people fool with to the second bankroll the UK was initially taken by surprise by the Argentine attack on the South Atlantic Islands despite repeated warnings boil naval captain Nicholas Barker it commanded their endurance anivers- Balk at believed the defense side St John Not one thousand nine hundred one review in which knots described plans to redraw the George the Yolk case only naval presence in the in the South Atlantic had sent a signal to the Argentines that the UK was unwilling would soon be unable to defend his territories and subjects in the Falkland silence on the second April nineteen eighty two the oftentimes forces mounted amphibious London's known as Operation Rosario on the could the invasion was met with nominal defense organized by Fulcrum Islands Governor surrendered hunt giving command to major might normal on on the Royal Marines the events the invasion included on of left commander Admiral Sanchez supply. Thomas I'm Fabius Command There's group the attack on barracks the engagement between troops of Hugo Suntan bill trip at Stanley on the final gauge moments surrender at Government House worthy invasion first reached UK from Argentine sources administered defense operative in London on the show tally tax conversation with governor. Hunt's telex operation it confirmed that Argentines on the island and in control later that day BBC journalists lorrimore Golez spoke with an Oil Linda at goose green via amateur radio who confirmed the Solarge oftentimes fleet and Argentine forces had taken control of the island richest military operations in the fulcrum were given the something Operation Cobra Commander of the Task Force was John Fieldhouse operations lasted from first of all April Nineteen take to the twentieth of June nineteen eighty two the British undertook a series of military operations as a means of recapturing for wins from Argentine occupation though the British royalty taken prior in that second April invasion in response to the events on salary order the submarines h Miss Splendid and H- H Mess Fox was ordered to South to south on twenty four March whereas the the ship Royal Fleet Accelerate our effect for Austin was dispatched from the western Mediterranean h messengers. all currency had wished to send a third submarine with his decision with deferred due to concerns about the impact on operational commitments coincidentally on the second March two separate left Gibraltar and it was just seemed it was in the press to be headed south that has been since in speculation the effect of these reports were panic the Argentine genta into invading the Falkland Islands before nuclear powered submarines could be deployed the following dight join a crisis meeting headed by Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher the chief of Naval Staff at Henry Leach Advice doc quote recent could and should send a task force skip the islands were invaded and quote on the first April Lynch sent orders to NATO force China exercises in the Mediterranean to provide south-south invasion on the second of April after emergency the governor approval was given to foam task force to retake the islands this was backed in an emergency session of the House of Commons the next day on the six April the British government set up a war cabinet to provide day-to-day political oversight the campaign This was the critical instrument crisis management to the British with his remittance the end to keep under review political or military development relating to the South Atlantic and to report as necessary to Defense Overseas Policy Committee the war camping matter at least daily until it was dissolved swath of August although Margaret Thatcher is described as dominating the wool cabinet Lawrence Friedman notes in the official history of the Falkland Islands campaign that she did not know opposition without concern of however once a decision was reached she did not look back end quote on the evening of April United Kingdom's nations on Buster possible and for a draft resolution to the United Nations Security Council resolution which condemned the hostilities and demanded the immediate Argentine ritual from the island was adopted by the council the following day as United Nations who's not council resolution five to which possibly ten votes insulin we'll when against which Panama enfor up stations China the Soviet Union potent the UK received Fervor let's go support from members catches the Commonwealth of Nations and the European Economic Community Australia Canada and New Zealand withdrew that diplomats from bodice Ariz the EEC also provided economic support imposed economic sanctions on Argentina oughtn't itself was politically backed by majority countries in Latin America of crucially not chilly and also some members on Aligned Movement the New Zealand government expelled the Argentine ambassador following the invasion Prime Minister Robert Muldoon was in London when will grow cap on a in an opinion piece published in science he said quote the military rulers of Argentina must not be appeased newseum will back in order wide end quote will cost it on BBC World Service he told the Falkland Islanders quote this World Mood and we all thinking of you and we will give full support total to the British government is in his endeavors to rectify the situation get rid of the that s concentrate elite class frigate available to use when the British could fit to release Romeny vessels from the Falcons in the House of Commons afterwards Margaret Thatcher said quote the New Zealand government and people have absolutely magnificent in their support for this country in Senegal and France provided this minimum aircraft training so the Harrier pilots could be trained against the French aircraft used by Argentine Lena intelligence also cooperated with Britain to prevent Argentina from an exit missiles on the international market in a two thousand two interview on in reference to the support you're not the Dan Defense Secretary at disquiet France at Britain's unquote greatest ally in quote in two thousand twelve. He came to light that we've while this was taking place a fridge technical team Loyd assault and ordine Argentina remained death throughout the world despite presidential decree the team had provided material support
Queen approves request to suspend Parliament but what does this mean for Brexit?
"And a joining us here in Washington is now Gardner senior fellow at the heritage foundation and also a former adviser to prime minister Margaret Thatcher and now that he could explain exactly what the prime minister did today well for the prime minister requested to to the queen that she had to clear the suspension or pro rotation all parliament in the United Kingdom for appeared all four to five weeks and what this means in terms of the big the big picture is that it is now far less likely that parliament will be able to block what is known as a new deal brexit and it is a very big move by by the prime minister Boris Johnson very bold Kelsey move it has taken many people by surprise in in London and is a clear signal of intent from the prime minister that he is one hundred percent committed to moving forward with brexit on October thirty first deal or no deal but it's important to bear in mind that the suspension of parliament is not unprecedented that have happened in the past and this is mostly a constitutional crisis of some critics all saying the Sony within the the power of the prime minister to seek the pro rotation all person's palm the third that is not the first time it's happened it's been used before and I think that so any Boris Johnson will be feeling more confident now I think you can the the likelihood of brexit happening on October thirty first which is off rule the the will of the British people the particular votive Apraksin twenty sixteen told someone to deliver that a promise on the pledge to the Briton's lotus and it now Gardner is you assess the reaction in Great Britain the head of the labor party Jeremy Corbyn calling this quote a threat to our democracy John Brcko who is the house of Commons speaker calling it a constitutional outrage how do you respond to that yes on is being very fierce opposition from some quarters in parliament especially from the opposition Labour Party but also from the the speaker of the house of Commons tone of Brcko who in one of one on one time was actually conservative but I have to say either the pollen it really will be powerless in my view to to block a new deal brexit unless of parliament is able to bring down the conservative government in a no confidence vote they have one week to do that which begins on Monday next week I think it's unlikely the parliament will have the the votes to to do that and I expect that actually killed from will will succeed it is a rule goal which is to move forward with the brexit agenda but without a doubt I mean they're all a lot of angry voices in parliament and and the speaker of the house of Commons John Burke who is a very all didn't anti brexit campaigner he certainly is going to be one of the most vocal opponents of the suspension of parliament which also cool Scott cut down his own authority as speaker so naturally Mr Brcko is very upset about the developer or talking with now Gardner of the heritage foundation and we should point out this is something that you predicted in one of the conversations we had earlier this summer in terms of the time line if prime minister Johnson in fact was elected by the conservatives to head up the party so walk us through the new deadline October thirty first with parliament coming back in mid October give us a sense of what will happen during that two week period yes Sir on October fourteenth the the conservative government will outline what is known as the end of the queen's speech outlining their agenda and following that there will be a meeting of the European Union helpful October seventeenth to eighteenth where person will seek a new deal with the European Union to withdraw from the E. U. and if a deal is agreed and parliament well I should debate the new with full agreement on October twenty first twenty second and it has to be said of course that is a big question mark whether or not the you will agree to a new agreement that is acceptable to the British government my own sense is the person is heading towards what is known as a new deal brexit and I expect that that new deal brexit will will be implemented on October thirty first unless you're gonna see major concessions from the European Union and of course parliament has to prove when you eat you withhold deal on October twenty first on October twenty second say that there's a big question marks but I would say the policy is very very clear now that we are heading for a a British exit from the E. on October thirty first and most likely that is going to be a new deal exit where white person simply negotiable trade section with the European Union on the World Trade Organization term and I think that that is the most likely scenario now I think there's a very small child all of parliament stopping in new deal brexit but I'd say that that opportunity to parliament to block a new deal brexit is very very minimal right now and I think it's highly likely that we all get to see practical into October thirty first they should help Toba has a number of very big date starting with October the fourteenth the data the queen's speech and then you have the other European Union tells me don't have a seventeenth eighteenth and then parliament will debate the queen's speech and a potential with told agreement on October twenty first twenty second save a lot a lot of events happening in October and one final point we have touched on this in the past but one of the biggest stumbling blocks it continues to appear to be the issue between Northern Ireland which is part of the UK and the Republic of Ireland and trade along the border so explain what the issue is and why that has been so difficult yeah I'll say the big issue for the British government is what is what is called the northern on and backstop found the backstop is basically demanded Bonnie the the European Union order to prevent a heart border between north and on and on the Irish Republic well the backs of actually does is that it this person point into the E. U. customs union indefinitely which is unacceptable to the new British government off rule membership of the EU customs union would mean that Britain could not find the same free trade agreements including with United States and therefore Boris Johnson demanding that the backstop be removed altogether the British government is a is saying that there should be high technology solutions the border issue that there should be a complete removal of any kind of border control between the south and the north of Ireland and that and the backstop should also be removed altogether in order to free person from each house and even answer the British government in favor of any kind of upon border nor is the European Union for some kind of agreement can be reached to remove the backstop but also to ensure that there is no hard border between the north and south more details available online at heritage you dot org Nile gardener here in Washington thank you for being with us it's my pleasure thank you