1 Burst results for "Pavel Alexandrov"
"pavel alexandrov" Discussed on Stuff You Missed in History Class
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Every Wednesday morning just like that first Cup of coffee. It'll help you feel like you can take on the work. Old one productivity tip at a time. Listen and subscribe on apple podcasts or on iheartradio app or wherever you listen to podcasts. Nineteen thirty three Germany changed obviously pretty significantly when the Nazi party came into power. Emmy nurture who was Jewish lost her job as did many of her colleagues, the Nazi party had actually passed a number of laws that were intended to keep Jews out of civil service jobs and that included epidemics, four awhile, and may gave informal lectures at her home, and she certainly had students who were eager to continue learning from her. She was apparently not even bothered when a student or two showed up in their Nazi uniform. She just wanted to talk about math. Meanwhile, her friend, Pavel Alexandrov was working to get the university of Moscow to appoint her to a position in his efforts were really passionate, but they were getting slow response. And finally just had to make a decision about her future as tensions mounted in Germany. She left Germany in October nineteen thirty three to move to the United States. She'd been offered. One year guess professor spot at Bryn Mawr college unbeknownst to nurture when she accepted the offer. The school was also setting up a graduate fellowship in her name for the academic year. She would be teaching there. She also lectured and worked on her math research in Princeton, New Jersey at the institute for advanced study, and while interest in her lectures was initially slow to catch on eventually EMMY did get a following of students, and she sort of found this Mirror Group to the nurture boys of gutting in. But this group was called the nursery girls, and they would go on hikes on Saturdays all the while just as she had in Germany discussing mathematical concepts her one year invitation to teach at Ren mar was extended the following academic year of nineteen thirty four thirty five. But before it started she went back to Germany to visit her brother Fritz and his family before they moved to Siberia for a teaching position. They're like EMMY Fritz lost his job at the institute of technology under the Nazi government. Emmy also visited her old camp. And her friends at gutting in, but she soon headed back to Pennsylvania for another year at Bryn Mawr and during her second year there she mentored her first American PHD candidates. A young woman named Ruth Helfer the life of EMMY Notre ends rather abruptly in the spring of nineteen thirty five she went into the hospital to have an ovarian cyst removed, and while she seemed to be recovering. Well, initially. She died quite suddenly on April fourteenth four days after her surgery. Just a few weeks later on may third of nineteen thirty five the New York Times ran a letter that was written by Albert Einstein about EMMY Notre, and he wrote within the past few days, a distinguished mathematician. Professor, I mean, no two formerly connected with the university of Guten and for the past two years at Bryn Mawr college died in her fifty third year in the judgment of the most competent living mathematicians fro Noto was the most significant creative mathematical genius thus far produced since the higher education of women began. In the realm of algebra in which the most gifted mathematicians have been busy for centuries, she discovered methods, which has have proved of enormous importance in the development of the present day younger generation of mathematicians. And now while we have reached the point in EMMY story where she has departed this earthly plane, there's a little bit more to talk about in terms of her politics. And the reason that we're putting the this at the end is because the primary information we have about it isn't from things that came up in her actual lifetime Oregon her writings, which we don't have it stuff that came up in eulogies memorials from colleagues after her death, specifically two of them in nineteen nineteen to join the independent social Democrats group in Gooding in and to some the group was considered an extremely radical Bolshevik group. It was a splinter group that broke away from the social Democratic Party in nineteen fourteen as a centrist group between the social Democratic Party and the communist party of Germany, but to have her close, friends and fellow mathematicians interpret her politics very differently when they spoke about her life. I Hermann Weil Weil worked in analysis number. Theory foundational mathematics and quantum mechanics among other areas, and he met Notre in gutting in in nineteen thirteen and they remained quite close throughout the rest of Emmy's life. And while spoke of Emmy's political stance. It was very much in the vein that she was a pacifist. And she definitely was we know that with great hopes for Germany's future, and that really she saw the independent social Democrats as the next stage of the social Democrats, not as a radical shift, but as a graduate, we'll have Aleutian, and he also wrote an EMMY that quote without being actually in party life, she participated intensely in the discussion of the social and political problems of the day on the other hand. Pablo Alexandra characterized EMMY is very pro Soviet. He said that quote, she always had a lively interest in politics and hated war and chauvinism in all its forms, and with her whole being her sympathies were always unwaveringly with the Soviet Union. So it seems based on the fact that Alexsandr off was working. To get EMMY a position in Moscow in nineteen thirty three that she was comfortable with the idea of living in the Soviet Union and the Bolshevik revolution took place while she was working in academia. So it's really unlikely that she was blind or ignorant to the political events that were playing out around her. But since both of these men likely saw Emmys political stance through their own lenses in the way, they wished to see her since we do not have any of her own writing on the subject to reference, we really don't know where she truly stood what's really indisputable is that I mean nurture was a major figure in mathematics both in her time. And today as many others have built upon her work, and she seems simply unflappable in the face of the difficulties she faced as she made a name for herself in a field that had very few women in it. And so I wanted to end with a quote from her friend Pavel Alexandrov because it describes EMMY in such a way that I think anybody would want to know her. He says quote, her great sense of humor which made social gatherings and personal. Context with her so pleasant enabled her to counter the injustices in absurdities that beset her academic career easily and without anger in such circumstances instead of being offended. She would simply laugh, but she was very offended, indeed and protested sharply. When even the smallest injustice was directed at one of her students. Oh, I loved that quote. There's really no substantiation in any way. But there are it will come up as theory sometimes that she was connected romantically to either wile or Sandra. Although we don't know, and none of them none of their letters ever hinted any of that. So we just have no idea, but we do she was very close with both of those men. So I love that that sort of description of her. And now, we'll get to the listener mail at inspired this whole thing. And this is from our listener Mark who is amazing, and he writes, hi, Holly, and Tracy. I enjoy listening to your podcast, and my thought you might like a laser engraving of one of my favorite mathematicians me nurture. I did the grieving on one millimeter aircraft plywood hoping that would make it a little more unique. I listen to your podcast with them on the road or in the lab guitar lab. Really keep up the great work and Mark us this absolutely beautiful in grieving of EMMY. And I just was so struck by that we had to do an episode. Yeah, we're going to post picture of it. It's great. It's so we've talked about how I don't normally work in the same office is Holly anymore. And so highly will send me pictures of the things they come into the office in are amazing. And that was one where I kept zooming in on my phone, usually text like, whoa. What's happening? It's really beautiful. I love it. Mark. Thank you so much that was so thoughtful and cool, and I appreciate that. You took time to make us a really fabulous gift. We're. Very very lucky. Thank