25 Burst results for "Panja"
Alfred Wegner Takes Continental Drift to the Next Level
"It was a really interesting guy. Born in eighteen eighty in germany got his degree in astronomy but became meteorologist which was still a rather new field at the time. His primary interest was in the northern polar regions. And how air circulated. He participated in four expeditions to greenland and was one of the first meteorologist to adopt the use of weather balloons. However meteorology and expeditions to greenland aren't what alfred wegener is best known for its for his contributions to geology and geophysics. The idea that he is remembered for began innocently enough on christmas day nineteen ten. He was at his friend's house when he began looking at his brand new world. Atlas he made the observation that south america and africa seemed like they fit together like pieces in a puzzle. I should that he was far from the first person to notice this once. Decent maps began being published. In the last part of the sixteenth century people. i observed the same thing. The first person we know of who made the observation was dutch. Cartographer abraham or telling us or telling us created the first modern atlas in fifteen seventy which means he was probably the first person to have the idea because no one before that really had a good grasp of the geography of the continent's william colby wrote in his book on geologic history. Quote abraham are telling us in his work to doris geographic suggested that the americas were torn away from europe and africa by earthquakes and floods and went on to say the vestiges of the rupture. Reveal themselves if someone brings forward a map of the world and considers carefully the coasts of the three continents and quote. Ortelius was far from alone after him. The idea that the continents fit together somehow kept popping up theater. Christoph lilienthal alexander von humboldt antonio snider pellegrini and alfred russel wallace all made the same observation one or two hundred years before moreover there were several other scientists just a decade before who came to a similar conclusion. In fact. there's a good chance that you probably made the same observation. One of the first times that you saw a world map they took the idea to another level however he began by cutting up maps and piecing the landmasses together like a puzzle. He was able to put the continents together into one giant continent that he named panja from the greek words for all and land.
"panja" Discussed on Chompers
"And night tooth brushing show start brushing on the top of your mouth on one side and brushed the inside outside and showing side the beach three. It's geography week and today we've got some true or false for you if you think what we say is true thumbs up. If it's false thumbs-down here's your first one. All of the land on earth used to be connected like one giant island. So is that true or false was all the land on earth connected. Once the answer is true switch rushing to the other side of the top of your mouth mushroom molars in the way back to millions of years ago there was just one supercontinent called pan han. Jia it's like if you stuck all seven continents together into one big piece that was panja scientists call it a supercontinent and that was over two hundred million years ago back then. There weren't any people living on ten. Jia but there were lots of dinosaur switzer rushing to the bottom of your mouth. Give your tongue brush to. Here's another true or false when it gets really hot inside the earth it makes an earthquake. Okay so is that true or false. Do earthquakes happen when the inside of the earth gets too hot. The answer is fault. Earthquakes are caused when huge pieces of rock underneath the graph and dirt and trees start moving around and bumping into each other switch. You're rushing to the other side of the bottom of your mouth but don't brush too hard deep under the soil. Their big layers of rock. They're called tectonic plates and their gigantic. Sometimes more than one country is on the same tectonic plate. They're that big. All of the world's tectonic plates fit together like a puzzle and sometimes the puzzle pieces move around a little bit and bump into each other and that makes the earth feel like shaking.
"panja" Discussed on Everything Everywhere Daily
"Two three hundred fifty nine million years ago. If you were to travel back in time to the devonian you'd probably at least recognize the land as being earth life on land had exploded in biodiversity you would see actual forests and seed bearing plants. This was also a heyday for fish. And there was a large increase in the number of fish species nights which are popular and common fossils with a spiral. Shell appeared here as well as the first tetrapods which were animals with four legs. If you ever envisioned a fish walking onto dry land well. It didn't quite work like that but it would have happened. In the devonian following the devonian came the carbon difference it lasted from three hundred fifty. Eight point nine million years ago to two hundred ninety eight point nine million years ago as the name would suggest the carbon period gets its name from carbon in particular many of the coal beds which are found around the world the most common land animal during this period. We're amphibians you also find the very first reptiles appearing at the very end of this period. Insects also saw a radical increase in diversification including species like a dragonfly with a seventy nine centimeter or twenty eight inch wingspan. The high oxygen levels allowed for such huge insects. There would literally be impossible today because sex. the kurban efforts period saw the highest oxygen levels in earth's history. In fact reaching thirty five percent it also saw the formation of the supercontinent panja at the end of the carbon difference. There occurred what was known as the carbon difference rainforest collapse this created most of the coal beds we know today and it also created islands of life prior to the collapse. Most land life was widespread all over panja. The last of the paleozoic periods is the permian it lasted from two hundred ninety eight point nine million years ago to two hundred and fifty two point one seven million years ago. The permian saw the rise of amniote. Or what's known as higher level vertebrates all mammals reptiles and birds belong to this class. The thing that really defines the permian is how it ended the permian. Triassic extinction was the largest mass extinction event. In the earth's history eighty-one percent of all aquatic species died and seventy percent of all land species. There is a very clear layer in the geologic record known as the t. layer where on one side you can find permian fossils and on the other side you can't and this is where all the trial bites ended. The premium traffic extinction was believed to be caused by a massive vulcan ism event known as the siberian traps over a two million year period. It covered most of what is today. Central siberia with assault rock and radically changed the earth's atmosphere with end of the paleozoic. We now start to get into periods that you might be a bit more familiar with the first of these. Three periods of the mesozoic is the triassic. The traffic went from two hundred and fifty. Two point one million years ago to two hundred one point three million years ago life recovered from the permian triassic extinction and the primary land life form that developed were called architectures they can roughly be considered reptiles..
"panja" Discussed on Monocle 24: The Briefing
"Well that's not going to happen with this particular person and so therefore my own fate in that sense. It's pretty much sealed. So that's for me. That's a very difficult moment. Because i've been going to russia for three decades now. I i went there in nineteen ninety-two as a student and sort of be torn away from a country that i consider my my second home is really a kind of difficult. Phoenix of personal ties. Deep personal ties. I have with russia. And you know. I think that's kind of hard to come to terms with not only the fact that i'm being taken away from a story that i've been setting for many years and i wanted to go on telling but also that pests napping one away from from a country that are going to love how hopeless do think the situation with freedom of speech and journalism when you look at the future of russia while i don't think it's hopeless because when you visit the independent journalists who is still battling on despite any think it's pretty inspiring at today because some of them had told me that being labeled foreign agents was actually for them a sort of badge of quality it showed that their voices mattered and that they were saying something that people needed to hear and yes. There's not many of them. Few of them a brave brave enough to continue doing that. Kind of many of them have very recently had to leave. The country headed into exile. A lot of them are losing their jobs because they simply can't get funding so independent that meteo anymore when they're being labeled as as hostile organizations says difficult to get. Advertisers for example is also difficult even to get contributors to speak to those kinds of meteorologist stations and yet still they're all russians who are continuing to do really deep important investigative work and to tell stories that the the pro kremlin media. Don't tell so that is inspiring it does give you hope because russia is not. It's government so much deeper more complex country and situation. What does it feel like being back in the uk to feel any any any relief. At least you have a dog friend over there with your i not my home for more than twenty years so coming back so the case a weird word. I haven't been here for a long time. So i wish i was in russia louis. Thank you sarah. That was the bbc journalist. Sarah raynsford and no here is monaco's immature with the day's other news headlines. Thanks marcus. The taliban claim they are in complete control of the afghan province of panja which is in the east of the country. The valley became the home of the national resistance front which had until now held out against taliban forces as they took control of the rest of afghanistan taiwan says lodge incursion of chinese military jets flew interests ed fence zone yesterday taipei believes nineteen aircraft including fighters and bombers entered. Its so called defense. Identification zone taiwanese military chiefs have complained about such missions over a year. And you opinion polls suggest. Japan's voters want the country's pandemic response chief taco to become their next prime minister. The poll indicates kono is the favourite to replace your shahida suge who announced that he is standing down at the end of last week. And the i. A immobility show opens in munich today. Not only as you organizers. Hope to prove that this kind of trade fair is still worthwhile for the likes of audi and the cds benz. They are also tasked with convincing the press and public. We'll have more on the ira mobility show a bit later on today's program those the day's headlines bacteria mockus. Thank you very much emma now. Saudi arabia says it has intercepted three missiles and three drones fired by who the rebels in neighboring yemen. The latest developments underscores the scale of the task facing the new u n envoy to yemen hans screened. Barry let's get the latest now with journalists. I a craig ionas irregular Here on monocle twenty four and tess recently returned from yemen. Welcome to the bro program. So i own a. How serious was this latest attack by. Who thrills on saudi arabia. Well the he. He's a client several cal e drones and ballistic missiles to reach the eastern region of saudi arabia. I'm with a client. That target was to hit their an facilities and the will also strikes. The societies have intercepted further south on the border with yemen. In san nat. I mean we've seen an escalation Again in these cross-border attacks in the last few weeks some of which have caused injuries and damage to buildings and homes which appears to have been the case this time but the saudis are insisting that they're able to intercept most of those missiles during coming obviously these these kind of homemade drones using a more difficult to intercept But certainly you know who have got arranged now with that ballistic missiles and these. Uav's drones the is far beyond what they had at the beginning of the conflict. And this is what we've seen. Since two thousand fifteen really is the capacity to carry out cross-border attacks and the range the distance that they can reach into the saudi kingdom extending as time has gone on with the increased support of iran has kind of extended that capabilities as well. Now the same weekend when this happened. Swedish hans croon about took on the role of you and a special envoy to yemen watts. Awaiting him Well it's a bit of a thankless task. Really he's the fourth u n special envoy to take on this role since the war started back in two thousand fourteen. I mean it's now September this month is is the anniversary since the who took the capital sunol back in september twenty fourteen and yet he's the full to take on the job. There isn't really a peace process to speak of There is attempts a political process to reach some sort of peace process. That would fast meena ceasefire hopefully but There's a we're a long long way off facts at the moment And it's a very narrow focus has been so far anyway political process at very much Is built around a deal between the hippies and the government. And i think what has been shown by his predecessor his that it's incredibly important. Really to broaden our process because it's not going to get any buying on the ground in their full any lossing kind of ceasefire never mind political deal without more groups being involved because there are a multitude groups. Now fighting on the ground in yemen senator to keep a price that is the narrow down to the hippies and the government on seems pointless in many respects..
"panja" Discussed on Tipsy Tales
"In one thousand nine hundred seventy eight off bermuda. The strangest of all he's quoted as saying was something that happened a little after five pm. The cook and i were playing backgammon. Who plays backgammon. I love beckham. And i don't know how to play it. I can't remember how to play a little after five pm. The cook and i were playing back in the smoking room. Of course there's monkey room when suddenly we look back and saw to the left or the ship the northwest side just a few miles away a large white unidentified flying object in the sky then there appeared to smaller flying objects the west of the large one and indeed one of them was attached to it and he thought experiments of americans i assumed. Oh my gosh seriously. Yeah oh. I finally found it. Yes okay. I found it. I guess so. It looks like a road if you like. Watch some of those underwater specials when they're like diving and going down there you've got some looking at. Oh okay gotcha echinacea. Oh now view. That definitely looks like something was built there. Yeah that looks like something was built. One hundred percent which i mean was this underground ten thousand years ago. I mean i mean underwater ten thousand years you think about the fact that all of that landmass rate though goes to land landmasses were one big giant landmass like millions of years ago called panja like they call it panja. I mean who knows it. Could've it could have been above ground. S. i'm wondering because a lot of these formations that they find underwater that they're like. Oh you know like that one. When i did the story and they were like Shoot what were they calling it Inland in outlander. She knows through to this stones. Yeah anyway they were saying that was under but that was really just made sense because none of that was under. I mean it was dry land at one time right and so ten thousand years ago hunters would use bub-bubba pa now made sense i was like oh okay and then now it's the ocean right right that makes sense..
"panja" Discussed on Hard Factor
"For the tick-tock international moment and This first story is a pretty cool. One It's one that i'm super excited about. And it's it's it's a story of hope and also Resistance under pressure. So let's take it down to the country of afghanistan. that's we're going to call it not that new bullshit that the taliban is trying to get on there and you'll understand why guys because as the country of afghanstan falls under the control of the ultra oppressive and murderous taliban government and the entire population of terrified. Women are being forced to do things like burn their diplomas for fear of retribution. If the taliban were to find out that they were educated and female at the same time dare they. All hope seems to be lost but there is one glimmer of hope guys. That's in the form of the province of pange panja sheer who refused to surrender to the taliban and yesterday the flag of the northern alliance was raised overpaying this year for the first time since two thousand one symbolizing the only remaining free place and the last stand for freedom and all about gas tim. It's pretty it's pretty cool northern alliance. It's got a bad ass name to the northern alliance bad ass. That's partly why it has that sick name. It's very fitting and guys on late monday evening. The vice president of afghanistan soleil and ahmad masud the son of the lion of panjshir. Amman son masud were spotted boarding a helicopter on their way to bring all of the anti-taliban commanders together to reform the northern alliance guys and the panjshir valley. There bringing them which is now the headquarters of the resistance. It was like an action movie. Seeing these gentlemen keeping my misses the vice president of afghanistan who did not flee and the son of the former head of the resistance. The line of panjshir So the region of finish your sits in the panjshir valley which was unable to be conquered by the soviets during their occupation of the country. They held strong unable to be conquered by the taliban in their first occupation in the late nineties into the early two thousands and partly guys because of its geography but in great part because of its people so the senior masud was killed by taliban assassin on september ninth. Two thousand one. A good looking guy right. That's a leader. That's gonna command some respect so he lateral stately appearance about him. He led the resistance from nine hundred. Seventy nine all the way up until two thousand one through The soviet invasion the first taliban invasion until he was killed just days before september eleventh. And obviously we know that so his son. Twenty years later is now reforming the northern alliance and the old mujahedeen fighters to fight back against the taliban which is very fucking cool. Now a mood. Ahmad masud has declared panjshir as a free place for minorities and women and democracy and with ten thousand northern alliance freedom fighters under his command. He's vowed to stand with people until the end and remain bastion of freedom in the country. Nice s. impressive impressive. he's the president. Now he was the president. He's the president. Yeah well no Ahmad masuda was was not to the vice president. I guess technically is. The president of monmouth is the leader of the of the situation. The vice president is sticking helping you okay. Cool he's the vice president's now the president has boys. This is looking to castle from lord of the rings. It's like it's like munis terrific like the the castle. It's impregnable you. Just can't they're gonna hold it down on that last four they give up their freedom so like like helm's deep. It's pretty cool. It's a hard region access for sure but these guys are giving hope so. There is a resistance. They're good and he's he's following in his father's footsteps. That's pretty bad ass net. That has never been taken. They can't help it. Stay while i mean the the taliban they've been doing do you guys see all the press they've been doing they've been on a press. Tour is a non stop taliban taking questions about like what they're trying to do. They claim they want peace. So hopefully panjshir is able to offer like a democratic alternative to the rest of afghanistan. They take taking questions or they're just doing their own questions. They're like yes. We're instituting sharia law. But that's our way why no women were on the streets whatsoever right. That's within our framework but we want peace. They raigmore that cnn reporter. That was wearing The female who was wearing regular clothes one day and then a full burqa the next day. They they told her to put on gloves when she was interviewing them. You'd better not to cover those hot hands because we know we know what happens with those hands once they get around channels. Can't you're gonna take medicine. Cover them up before. The taliban cuts them off. That's the ruling afgha- so let's take sri lanka. The sri lankan president demoted the country's health minister who as part of cova strategy promoted the use of magic potions to battle cova nineteen as infections in the country hit all-time record highs so the loss of the gig was a bit of insult to injury for warren chichi who landed in intensive care back in january from getting covert and this is after she publicly drank. The magic syrup cooked up by a local sewer boy. I bet her insides were read right after. She got that cova especially considered on top of the potion couple months earlier back in november. She poured a pot of quote blessed water into a river that holy man gave her telling her would end the pandemic in toronto. As a whole. So wow imagine her face real question guises gave me the wrong post she. It was the wrong potion. Must've been you're telling me that pouring pot of water into a river to end the pandemic. Yep she joined she publicly really show off how much she believed in it. The questions guys. How was she able to keep her job for the seven months. After the potion didn't work the president was like i want to see how this one plays out a haven't made my choice on hurry. I think that. I think that if you're the president and you have a psycho telling people to take potions or whatever you just let that ride until you have to fire that psycho so you already have. You already got somebody to throw under. The bus built up so you might as well just let him ride until you actually need to throw them. Also it's also a wildly entertaining. It's like having your own like fable book. It's like you're gonna claim the potion does everyday coming to work. It's not boring. It's a win win because at the end you're like i knew she was idiot. Yeah it's like higher magician off craigslist worse off. Craigslist party has joke. Let's finally kick it over to a country that i wish was not america but unfortunately it seems to be a new economic theory has popped up in the a the no new normal..
"panja" Discussed on ICYMI
"Just said you know what. Today's the day virginity account i mean virginia turning on different social media platforms and they were to talk. Videos had millions of years. And so. I think everyone in the college age group was exposed to account once and it was getting so much positive feedback that they were inspired make their own and we try to encourage them as well by giving them tips. Let's be you'll hear a lot of these. Other accounts are in fact mostly jokes. There is one saying why panja needs to be brought back for virginity and the thing about these. It's really their yoga. Haired impeccable memes. So you said at least once on the record that this account is not satire. How can you expect somebody to believe that. When you're talking about the pope whole loophole. Obviously some accounts jacomb more way approach to it honest genuine. It's just it's hard to tell which ones are real which art. So what would you say to someone who is just dead. Said believes that this is a really good well executed satire account at a certain point. There's nothing i can say what we've told we've said multiple times in the stay round because they think it's a joke honestly that's preferred because we'd rather that they continue to digest him. Consume are positive and radical message for generally in destabilization pretty good for sellin merge too technical here shorts now which holds so kind of going back to the group chat the hot topic virgins. I guess i'm just curious. If you're in these group chats with these other pages that are clearly satirical how are you kind of coordinating content with them. I don't know. I definitely been a victim. Since may be tearful to come in and like convince me that they're just trying to iggy back on on our mental. The time wake. I think there are genuine in that account..
"panja" Discussed on The Skeptics' Guide to the Universe
"Or it guys. Let's get back to the show evidence this. Your news item reminds me of one that we talked about before. We talked about zeelandia. Yeah a continent new-zealand. You're going to tell us about land area iceland. All hail icelandic. This is an interesting one because an international team of geologists led by jillian soldier. Who is an emeritus professor of geophysics in the department of earth. Sciences at durham university in the united kingdom. She and her team believe they have identified a sunken continent hidden under iceland and the surrounding ocean. And as you said. Steve dubbed it iceland icelander. We know when i first heard sunken continent. I my mind obviously. Goes to atlantis thinking okay. Here we go. Here comes a news story about. Oh they found atlantis the latest version of this. But no no no no no. This one's actually rooted in some science here. This news item came about from the geological society of america's forthcoming book that they're publishing entitled in the footsteps of warren b hamilton new ideas in earth science. And here's the abstract basically explaining from one of the chapters in that book that we propose a new sunken continent beneath the north atlantic ocean that we name iceland lia it may compromise blocks of full thickness continental lithosphere or or extended magma inflated continental layers that form hybrid continental oceanic lithosphere. I got the word hybrid in there for jay. But he's not here. Damien underlies the greenland iceland for row ridge and then the yawn or jan mayen micro plate complex. But basically what they're saying is it covers an area of six hundred thousand square kilometers. Well it's contiguous with the pharaoh plateau and known parts of the submarine continental lifted margin offshore britain. And if you include those in what they said could be considered greater iceland. The entire area is over a million square kilometers in size. That's big larger than australia. So use that for your kind of frame of reference so there you go evidence official an official. No no. it's not it's not official yet but but here here's basically what they're saying. Is that well. I mean the professor professor folger's she puts it in her own words and she said that until now. Iceland has puzzled geologists as existing theories that is built of and surrounded by ozanich crust. But it's not supported by multiple geological data for example the crust under iceland has over forty kilometers thick which is seven times thicker than normal oceanic crust than that simply could not be explained and that does make sense. Continental crust is significantly thicker than the oceanic crust so. They said that when they consider the possibility that this thick crust is continental our data suddenly all made sense that led us to immediately realized that the continental region was much bigger than iceland itself that there's a hidden continent right there under the. Yeah obviously more testing more analysis has to be done. This is a new proposition. And it's really into an interesting one but the idea that iceland or the much. Larger icelandic is continental crust. Instead of oceanic crust is significant it would mean a reexamination of a lot of things especially in this area of the planet so it brings up the question of panja. You know once-mighty mega continent that ruled the earth. Two hundred fifty million years ago. We've talked about that before. So essentially if icelandic is continental crossed you know and it says vast and expansive as the researchers are describing. Then how does that fit into the larger panja puzzle. Panja did not fully break up along the mid atlantic but instead they're saying it stretched out they one description had it akin to a string of cheese hanging between two party pizza slices. I like that vision. That image which Left iceland continental crust crossing the divide. So there's questions about that. Also the understanding of volcanic formation on of a place like iceland needs to be looked at in this new context. So if i slanty does exist as professor folder explain. It would remove the need to imagine this hot spot of upwelling. Magma beneath iceland to explain its formation and geology of the iceland plateau. So that needs that winds up getting reexamined in this context as well but there's also more immediate and practical concerns. Perhaps because if this is continental crust well there you have a new source of minerals and hydrocarbons that were not known before and then geopolitical questions arise as to where do countries mining rights begin and end. And there's always the ever-present environmental concerns that. Go hand in hand with those sorts of things so there is something called the united nations convention on the law of sea grant which grants coastal states exclusive rights to the non-living resources of their adjacent seabed. If scientists can prove that the seabeds a submerged extension of the continental landmass. So you're going to have. I don't know to what extent territorial disputes that could arise. As as part of this. Yes and this is not an abstract scientific question is no implications for international law and iceland. Obviously they they would benefit if they showed this this a because now they have rights to all the con to ice. Lancia everything there. Yeah but my gosh. It stretches from greenland greenland britain. You know in a nice big swath of land underneath that that's enormous. I mean it's just it's it really is huge so but they need more information about it so more testing these done more research needs to be done. And that's the next phase that this team is now working on. They're going to collaborate with scientists from around the world to help test this theory and they're going to begin in earnest. Once kobe nineteenth restrictions allow them to do that kind of work but it would involve electrical conductivity surveys. The collection zircon crystals in iceland and other areas and tests for seismic profiling and some drilling tests as well. So we're going to see we're going to hear a lot more about this. You know it's not like you said. Steve is not going to be some abstract scientific argument or philosophical argument. going on. there's gonna be some real players involved here and probably a lot of money going into the research as well so a whole new continent to explore in a in a way. Let's hope we don't muck it up too badly. That's what that's always my concern. Yeah we'll definitely have to keep an eye on this and if there's any follow up which may be years but the will report on it or care. This is an interesting one evidence regarding a shorter workweek. Yeah and we're headed back to iceland. Yeah so centric yes. There was a four year experiment that was recently published by the association for sustainable democracy out of iceland that's the alda and the uk based think tank autonomy. I was just published on july fourth and it was based on multiple trials within iceland and there were two major trials that were done. One of them was at the national level. And the other one. The icelandic government trial and the other one was the wreck city. Trial recog- city trial was between two thousand fourteen and twenty nine thousand nine. The iceland government trial was twenty..
"panja" Discussed on She Podcasts
"No it wasn't that the mcrib came back. Was the you getting internet when you move to the other house. Yes the girl. It was kind of primitive internet but it was internet in other words. We didn't have to like when did leaves on the trees grew. It didn't affect our high speed internet now though actual now you're jumping ahead. yeah what. Yeah if it rained elsie would have to call phone because her internet wouldn't work or if something happened and somebody downloaded something she would run out of internet and like the last episode of the monkees. Like i have no internet which means we were like. How does that happen in this day and age. How does that happen. We're where does that happens. Yeah huge i was. It was one of those things. That i what i hit my limit all the time because the girls were here now right so everybody was zooming in every zoom call obviously was banned with and i only had a certain allotment of it and i was paying so much money like i don. I can't even tell y'all how much money i was paying for. Internet like the basic not even it was more than a gigabyte. A dollar a gigabyte. Let's put it that way. Every time i was it was crazy but mind you. I was using cellular as it was the only service i could get where i live there. Were no actual companies that could provide broadband internet of any kind even dialup. Nobody could do it for me at all. No companies and then. I was in getting to the point particularly with work. We were supposed to be streaming a lot more and i'm like don't even know if i can do that. I can't present with the crappiest of internet. I just can't do that. It's not feasible. So i started to go. We have to. We have to solve this problem. And i found a nonprofit that is here in north carolina western north carolina specifically that services. I think three separate counties. They're called pan. Jia panja internet only for businesses. So she podcasts. As business got internet here fiber internet installed at my house. And they now. I have my own one. Whatever fiber line that goes directly to my house. That's said it serves me and me only so it doesn't ever get like oh there's too many people on the line. 'cause it's for me and they were. They're amazing amazing folks. So i am and they cut my bill in half to get more faster better. All the things were amazingly more for half the money..
"panja" Discussed on Why Weddings: Traditions, Trends, and Tips for the Modern Couple
"We've we've been watching chick flicks and fairy tales since we were three years old most of us. So we expect it to be magical and we just expected to be magical. We don't see the fairy godmother that turns the the rags into a ballgame because we're here in vegas and penan tower famously. Tell people how they do their tricks. Yes but you're still amazed when they do it so they told you what they're doing they told you exactly pulled back. The curtain said this is what i'm going to be doing. I saw Panja let speaker speakers conference and he's he was talking to us and he said i'm going to tell you how i you eat fire and then i'm going to do it. And he told us told us exactly. What's going on behind the scenes all this kind of stuff. And what feels in his mouth and all this and all the practice and all the whatever annual like okay right. I know exactly what you and then he does it. And you're still amazed. Wow right right so it. It's it's you have to you. Hire the people that you want to give you the results you want and when somebody says to me and i'm going to be teaching this to the vendors over here when someone says you can get a lower price over there i said yes. You can have their price or you can have our results right. If you want our results. You have to pay our price. We charge the price we do. Because we give you the results that we do somebody else charges the price they do because they're going to give you their results now. If you can't perceive any difference you'll go for the cheaper price but if you can and some of those are intangible by the way some of the i perceive this to be a higher value is an intangible thing very much like why does somebody drive by mercedes win. A hyundai on paper has all of the same safety features. All of those things. Well there's an intangible to be driving the mercedes now we could say that the mercedes is better.
Sameer Pandya on "Members Only" Book
"Everyone John Wartime here. Sports illustrated tennis podcast. Everyone is doing well our guest. This week is severe Panja. Who is a professor at the University of California Santa Barbara teaches creative writing Asian American literature, and also more importantly for our purposes has just written a terrific tennis book members only which tennis figures prominently both as a plot device in a metaphor I. I absolutely devour this book. We will link it link the Amazon page on our show page, but this is a fun conversation talking about tennis talking about writing talking about tennis as a storytelling device full disclosure Samir I share a publisher and publicist, so I want to dispense with that, but this was a really fun conversation a fun book timely book. I think people will love book members. Only it's called, and here is a on enjoyable half hour conversation here we go. I start off by congratulating him. I really you know people. Binge Watch TV shows I. binged dread members only and. Plowed through edited, it did not disappoint. Grad seriously congrats I. Mean it's it's great. It's it's really. SMART, and funny, and I thought we'll talk about this later. I thought very topical, and it's also does. Does tennis right so you succeeded on many dimensions as far as I'm concerned. CONGRATS I. I will say that you saying it did tennis right? Is means particularly lot because you know. I think. In terms of different kinds of readers, right, there's there's. Specific details if I'm reading something in if somebody gets a core detail wrong, which is not that big of a deal? It can be. It can break it for me. You know I'm Mike. Okay I can't do this anymore. Right I can't go down this road trusting this person and so I'm really happy to hear that I mean. Tennis is a big. I love the sport and we can also talk about that as well, but so that's great. Thank you I I. I wrote it with a certain kind of. Kind of propulsion in mind, right and I kinda wanted to be read that way, and then hopefully there other things. You know that you can go back to, or you can think about in ways in terms of how Raj operates in this in this book that can take a little bit more consideration, but you know in these in. These days. I want to read a book quickly. And I think in some ways I wanted to write a book that people could read quickly as well. The I say it's your talk. Not I feel like you're talking about a nonfiction book and everything's on the table. Right everything the next serve I feel I. Don't know what lessons You'd like me to take I don't know how much we can reveal here. Well, let's start you. To your character, so let's let's start there To to tennis fans, it is not spelled R. A. J. as your character is, but you know Raj is a name of relevance. Tennis fans You, you mentioned the details. You Got Right now. I think you're absolutely right. I think the second somebody writes about tennis of calls. A rally volley! We've got issues right? You did not do that this either was a studious research or else. You really have some grounding in tennis. What's what's your background sport? Yeah, you know so I so we came. We moved to America when I was eight years old. I lived in Bombay until I was eight owes a huge cricket fan. I played a ton of cricket. And we moved into A. Kind of an apartment complex when we arrived here and and. There was a tennis court. Right next to it where we're well. This was in the East Bay. This was east of. Glee in in in a in a city called San Pablo. and. You know. I think when I was like nine or ten years old, there was a man who would always come there in hidden serves like ten down the t ten out. Why ten down the T ten out wide, and I just started going down there and Collecting balls for him. And this! I think a you know him and his wife. They didn't have kids, and you know in a lovely gesture. At some point. He showed up with a tennis racket. And kinda showed me how to shift the grip for forehand and backhand, which was my first official lesson in the game and so. I so I started playing there. I played through high school and you know. and. Then I stopped playing the game for years. I stopped playing college. I didn't play it in Graduate School You know I moved my wife and I moved to new. York For five years where I had my first academic job. Getting Court New York as you know, is not an easy task, and so I have always kind of played the game, and then also I just love the game the pro game as well right, which is that I wasn't quite. Aware of the Borg McEnroe Connors era, but I think I really started watching you it with lendl real under at Burgh those are the I think in Michael Chang, so that was kind of mid might time said mid eighties moment. And so I've been kind of a fan of the sport in that way throughout the time and then. You know it's a great middle aged sport like I, love. I love the sociology of it. The player talking yeah. Yeah Yeah. Yeah, so in both of those things, so that's why I'm just. It is as a kind of as a spectator as a player It's a one sport that I kind of gravitate towards the much.
"panja" Discussed on 1150 AM KKNW
"Is sponsored by Chinese radio Seattle since a **** costs you will she said by Shashi Panja Jedi she slapped children the anti your team will willing AMC output in one game tied into since you don't see in Chinese and I soon got one thing that seems Seattle finances you thought someone can tie the table checking what she she actually she has a tendency to want anti national team the team of nicotine does she at the end of speaking to transaction reporter Facebook come home yeah she wants to reform so this is kind of the nation's thanking the commission's clean me to R. one system can be fully so far the ones from that's a shameful thing does that than me Joel are white and she the end transitional team woman Seattle to win the entitled what shoe real phone symbol washes them then nama teaches him one of your you couldn't make it out to sure this is roadside motel via Thompson you may want to see the attendant told ten what will the need to do more sure.
"panja" Discussed on 1150 AM KKNW
"Seattle she says she made because she will she said by Shashi Panja Jedi she slapped children the anti your team will win a M. Seattle to win the entire industries you don't see in journey's end I soon got one still the same guy that Seattle fire entity that someone can hide the team will check you out she she yeah okay actually he has a tendency to want anti national team the team of nicotine does she at that tracking to transaction reporter Facebook come home she the shift this is a shame she showed you why maybe she I was C. the world Jan the nonpayment intense early in early man thank you when you so T. sheets and you want to more intensive since he saw a member since then more Jim hill Matheson question the chin the woman the victim of that appeal this system HM from the knees as a plain to me no I don't now.
"panja" Discussed on 1150 AM KKNW
"Said by Shashi Panja jelly she slapped children the anti your team will win a M. Seattle to win the entire population into since you don't see in Chinese and in the seeming got one of these things inside them Seattle finances you thought someone can hide the table checking what she she yeah he has a tendency to want anti national team the team of nicotine does she at ten twenty two transaction reporter Facebook come home yeah transaction linked the firm sold since two of the nation's thanking the commission's clean me to R. one two inches so you'll be fully so far the ones from the woman at the Allentown hall playing that had sent me to R. one sheet the entrance usual team woman Seattle to win the entitled luxury row from table number content dated him when the bill could be it Jill what you couldn't make it that apple Paul you win the Tooting Tuesday so we can take a shot twenty three on Dzeko syncing went on being goofy and Donald philosophy foundation model number digital can control eating yo Jody **** along portion on a single R. she you leach said so usual ease out the scene should be in the building John nama them in Seattle to one didn't have the title you should tweet initial dunkle which which employee outside just invaluable team to use in Tom Chen tumble about additional towards rushes Liu GT and we hope that Portugal Salinas de fountain contaminants into the DTM monitor so if you want you can make it that that that don't want to G. hope which will tell you we do should be made to the trial and the delay is unusual woman's anger into getting shorter please someone tell me how to choose a U. C. I hope that you see out here sure that live in sounds into the cinema and a suite on the acting in the match on the two she'll walk naked eye that tapentadol would take on the the yellow box being ten million we assume whole hook between coming out to the edge of his own Mantegna Titian hopes will call number three which is the aqua hi Cleve told researchers that number do you see the demo suite three oh one I get that often finds out not woman yeah kinda wanted to see if your share of your usual team T. C. out would be to the decreasing country and each team headed to the syndrome washing no woman you within Southeast Asia but the the whole financial chewed to Utica easing the easier finding how bad dad teaches yeah kind that'll make with the vehicle you know she told me to go see using the easier to just talk to him hold enough weight to either get that an agent's infancy number thirteen sure they'll catch it just says was on gate what made the team W. L. I. so we've got to shoot police out individual Downey Cundall handled them and when the seamless what else you have towards each other the whole season passes doing this the unit on the greater Seattle naman to secure the door should das ja to teach you not to pass out to teaching the job with teens in Chautauqua Seattle should have vocalist Seattle Dorgan condone teasingly family to native planting valley Junaid the data you'll should focus home sure you'll show a song I Seattle one babies via the apple core aasha Monica Bothell Wilding would potential Wansel ball quota mom is she is so hot one nine odd two eight two two CCG engine docking counted being a sweet on tell me kind of sad to teach you this whole team should have pursued to Seattle to go shoot to growing the **** day three now on the mental second year colonial put out a date and honey which is the odds on the to the sense of being lethal should die see how to shoot and that he should be put to death open only ho T. W. C. Seattle dope in the T. type of tone should not Seattle Tichina throughout those usually king county your goal you'll want the easy in a Jewish story snow how mesa county Hey Siri send that quashing bundled the decreasing Jong seizing control V. and the T. shipping Lena teaches drug doses to send that data good gin thank you Tom hanging on too soon king county that you're sitting in the house no hommage counting the Jewish's sonor homie shoot shoot hi so it usually determines that an applicant naman attacking counting them with his shield body being in so long that the body being in the great outdoors with Oceanside cook clincher though eco a young not yet sold to a life care development nursing nursing home household name common knowledge although she said your hunt and although the city tripping told a lawyer in da da guide to a Jewish group wishes to Adolf fascistic to commuting dot so usual common gun and she holds he should come and say Copeland the evergreen ginger ale evergreen your nieces sound I'm gonna need a nickel for ya social strategy at all you all tension on and I'm able to do what I still eat that king county dot the old Tilly Deutsche will easily washes with us being good on July she had a goal shoot though should be a lot in common Tom in the distillery and how to overcome courtesy to fellow in Mattea projectile to she's trying inside Iraq downhole no pollution logical lowering in Montana high you'll I sure wouldn't go Lawrence out yet to sell to to look at the Bing dogs outside the Nigel Dan Tana Toshio easier Holcomb actually the whole goal yet shielded on okay being told that the budget tossed witnessing Shishir battalions in the mama of leeway you lease the longer being denied to shoot dice Muhammad's county Hey yes you closer to god chose you got out our lives up in bush's short how to dial a wide reaching out holder teacher looking at down the usual the institutional China so usual and more ten gondola deleting she told the tale to tell the team January high project all have potential nickel so with that being helping inside now what jewel Canadians I not take initiative us along being the the teen **** number of single the digger I should even be the children of being Leah to Eliot uses that data budget not to all yes is determined that king county hosts know hommage county budgeted in the beanie the band not true we all yet though sure genocidal struggle she showed she got in our life tulis sound you'll ideally Sunni gun the drone and the phone number passion two cool hung gore the actual you're seeing so you had to hold on the brochure the whole you would have to work each records last week you'll get had gently hold two freon seen on state of our doctors are seeing how the teen come with him with the two had on the team who Josh's short you're gonna but to the oak which is on a mission I'm gonna tell the duty is to assume the potential Nabil Shaw sounds I on federal way that you'll eat your data you'll choose a **** you'll get twenty dollars in the union goal on how to put it all to do should the mail kind of found out now both quote side of north Georgia to the apostles go drone video Easter the kingly a Ugandan shown chip does a whole non sign Marino goldtone yo eagles socialize with the eagle fourteen had the Essure controversial not hard to shoot eating so a lot of story short uses degrading with jet battles with doses to which you can our lives to shoot date being dolce Drenthe college official mean taker so to the guy nods home do you think you don't get a lot of G. hot either you wait on the good social Tasha Tasha vermilion Jody Google being tool of the family and the English's jun doc number topped with tuna can G. saying it would be this long hi defeated in the Bing Lee hock with dishes a young guy you'll be showing the children being me taking actual Connell Washington told us initially drawn Kong dominoes would tend to god the source said the the found the house's dosing regions of the should seek to enter the city EMBL your symptoms should not want to let you control scene titled by the discussion here should have maintenance inside collegiate hall the decorum of being the the showdown yet you should be practical a number of top of in Cologne what about the negotiations we catch dental thank you to supply the others she initially it's our religion I catch a tencel nama Mae ETN Nangal tents for the G. commercial value Jochen down by frontal you'll you hang in Connell high competition that it was usual down anyway you'll handle continue see it shouldn't be lead you subpoena would cheer toward the common goal that legend Tom your teacher nation cellphone do you and Tom and Joe sure trotting Talladega young while you Angie Bauman trend of contract yet but one body hello insults or some of the sites just to wanting to know what your whole night you'll shoot door means of on do you have a common goal to selling to to listen to the children nine months she should she go hunting for the social scene how hydroquinone deviation of only a year old without a big on outlook the shooting lead to good gin two of the two guys should see how your set now hold on so usual yet hi mailed out into the shows he had read the legend top nine not published illegal been Tina tuition make with the too cool to sing dates of them the jungle Fasilides went back way more the **** gotta just hold two should have been mailed we use home all because she comes into the mail potty good gentle chan the saffron dull several local toll go to the G. holdings in ho hum official she assured as usual the trend may be she should say she's the teacher Nate to court each with a quota what does she need to talk when they don't just do the detoxing she went beyond the being a non metallic anything dental technician hold a Giorgio usual Bonnici that they're watching teams into one whole day behind the the ticket into the billable and non fat acts usual cry D. dot dot dot the Tramaine needed to condoms in the ASEAN should treat gentle to tone down the gold home colon quickly condemned to choose option he seems he is instructed him see two cases because of the model number quick which I know a lot the deleting leach was and that you actually hall sure you coach you goal had chewed tensing funny old eagle Hiren naman ni in ne and ending up with that topweight goal attack we don't make what you hold that case sensitive due to sanitation for sure the of gossip the hotel building your high each of that bundle seamless Selena how truly the function of the total amount passages did without the pockets to the docking usual now hold the Japanese owned a step on how your legal tool with agenda healthequity political don't seem so innocent Nancy would.
"panja" Discussed on 1150 AM KKNW
"Those of kicking and W. it's management or other advertisers this program is sponsored by Chinese radio Seattle she says she made because she will she said by Shashi Panja jelly shoes Seattle children the anti your team will win AMG output from wind and tide deletion into since you don't see in journey's end I soon got one that seems Seattle finances you thought someone getting high the team will check you out she she yeah okay but he has a tendency to maintain high level team the team of nicotine does she at that tracking tool transaction reporter Facebook John Hogan for trainees radio she the shift this is a shame she's twenty five maybe she I was C. hello home and on the hall transaction that I showed him this year Seattle Drummond and hi teams are allowable washer told her goals up here until you go yeah you would.
"panja" Discussed on 1150 AM KKNW
"Is sponsored by Chinese radio Seattle since a **** course she will she said by Shashi Panja Jedi she slapped children the anti your team will willing AMC Appleton went in tied into it seems you don't see in Chinese and in the seeming got one still the same Seattle fire insisted that someone can hide the team will check the one she she yeah you can go to the national defense attorneys intact financial team the team of nicotine does she at the end of speaking to transaction reporter Facebook town hall goes for twenty three yeah the technician when she wants to reform so this is kind of the nation's thanking the commission's clean me to R. one the system will be fully so far the ones for well when you made your life's sons so the woman Seattle joined the anti the ones who will follow what should be quite easy and a woman to make you a tapi they should just tear not woman to the team with the team way not too sure what the hall a so called and then when they start the lady said to show you the news he told me he seemed sure tackling it kind Salomon since I want to come in and this year that the answers to the survey you'll email as he entered the woman yo ETN via cell sure you sound familiar in nineteen the choppy lack control in the taluk team will talk with the Portugal could potentially see a single lot that team cannot say triple surely male woman to teach WA nineteen the polio team Cassie I said how can a woman quickly it was a single black woman to be tapping you can find out that there's a lot to Letitia yeah that's a hall with the U. V. L. from those in the NHL but I don't see I don't know what the data is that the emotional I'll let you know the team that book what is sure it's a political issues I Seattle almost until five until nineteen days ago wanted to ship when you called me a little hand and dates leads you know when he will be getting all the yellow U. T. T. L. vision what should a lot she was I'm not I see what you do you have a player take one scene the woman fell behind you the hot tea so he wanted to teach him though was how he always yeah please listen to them they also combines at the eighty minutes you'll do it twenty I think that the media we only we take a Cup and yeah I'll mail you the one with only a few days yeah I told the the this is what you get then you should the teacher wasn't eligible have Tina sure it's shown to you it seems short cuts that little hole was recently L. searching into alone on the streets in the one that you denied yeah you should do you should tell them sure enough well this Miceli all now to share it woman you either high heat Neeson thou he cut the lead to see honey boo Cena sure you could say a woman one eighteen tongue way you're gonna to show what he do ritual Hollinger not tied to the kitchen shed what is he trying to N. P. R. judicial he'll be a call sometime hello L. G. T. what else unless you should take the team to tell the U. haul she'll fly you should hold that you could means you should say and stay home I would that you could me seems to me to tell you the option of who's your mama shoes or to the ship canal Quinn and shin to shoot and go to work and needs should be built sure how the jobs yeah this is shown to the hot to show about a hundred and a you gov lenient sand cut pollution center cutting the the Eurovision shoes you should only see children the the the the war to help children and it does come up to get some more actively tell more of them which will lead to a hole in a two hundred dollar fines yeah to look at how the to the young ones off to John is simply you could only see tension nine he opened all while your tool that totally my your child to lead team look we'll put it on the the evening ya all need say continue kind utility is coming from you need a yeah you and the yen choose your meal tell T. a meal he says you see how the whole show your may appeal to shorten it to different social it's a lease option one the I'm almost done okay thank you yeah your mutual self to see local hello thank you the season and come the end of my own the U. AJ it's only off on one yeah I don't leave the house you don't wanna take those we've done the see more there now announcer mail it was you that is two one two three yeah yeah do you like I do have a one o'clock today yeah let sometimes you'll either don't notice that she's on Moodle I'll just show you actually do if you don't okay we'll that's what you need yeah you follow okay then I'm going to teach you yeah hello yeah yeah five David Jones to close his yeah that's actually wanted to know for sure if I can live without it the the users you tend their minds on Conde go close you can following the whole tone yeah so it's you know they they sold all my the sample WAEC and neco on they said my Darling and I just that was cool wait like one in so we we be older then they don't know just because what teacher it will fasten up Cologne into doing the engineering shoulder Selmon denture would teach old self on the clothes shoes so that you guys will find a woman into Michelle using pusher say what most you would does she know that we always sure it's what you'll do is social over allegations among so many any difference toward us on hole was richer than a fashionable man you may have talents he goes and goes I'm sure he'll tell you T. it's a good time you found out you got to me on the legion a lot which is a phase out of was hit you may it will hunt how you need to push a template and change your tongue to to to let you go because you because you don't know what we got on the wasn't pushy and out will put the whole yes you know what it is yeah this out of the this year's show home which at the time sure you'll also to show the evening with its usual comes a couple gets you without using the wife of motion Hey what time because the liability let's yeah because it is essentially a closing session will push will hi cleats usual lenient you may have come close yeah sure you go fish leader thank you which are you someone's actual some apology on they don't touch it it's a shop template again of those only such a whole soil the ball down to show time the situation don't go because you have made that does a couple easy you know what we should call them I'm sure this is younger the Polish out probably due to a lack he they should see how many local full time not going into a lot of it you have to take a look at how many see if since and now let's take a look at the whole the end goal what what's in the book she kind of chuckled I see it in your budget but you don't know how it comes on what kind what kind of questions it comes on the line against deep tones your voice you will take a tad a young teaching should Tim can you meet the ocean that's eager to listen what I mean what was the house was missile you know you can pull this off our usual time tonight yeah you sound you tend not to listen to you cannot be on the team yeah check out some of the lease yeah that's your phone with the phone hold on him on the missile he said the young Bucks so you know what what was trying to sell the place of what should we do it a hundred times upon us and that it was indeed how dole had the tape tape tape I'm not too sure yet deal when she was zero comments what kind of deals in one day a woman come actually all the the all the the the doctor doctor woman usually seem to sound doctrine toward actual whole organs I Long division when they that to date have that don't sound like a woman he couldn't do it and do it that way good for me to tell the time and I need some images that was yeah well they got a lot of fun though that's kind of the emotion that that'll wash machine when the soldier the collision to make convenient now syncytial into getting though the technician had put it out until you look on the phone kind of handing down the needle and some guy yeah I just wanted to see if so you don't want to the children have the docs out really good and I do the demons into shop high point it down before the collision so yet yet to shut up we didn't have the time to something called me yes it'll come back to television yeah shy young showed him so you that will tell the children yeah those income taxes when I was also talking both Clinton may seventeenth may come calling team wide that you're still here if you look at that to see if you can I just want but that was all of which is yeah that's how I know how you guys shouldn't that I had make kind of a game console do you have the cash in the mail and then they don't need a relationship ending culture connotation yeah what is all coming down W. when the discussions to continue adding to people and that you will enjoy that having a thing that says that what can I watch it always helped us in the tuition now go you go civil publishing tool users will see a little funky he died it was just seen that opting way along I thought the girls of girls with goals from Jesse and sometimes they'll do it because there's no doubting additional total higher to his dad and just don't we don't get the whole cast us out all the symptoms of the T. if we thought we should look to move on to how to us intellectual would you mind try to compile the if I don't have to live dangerously not that you don't have to buy now will have total and I'll see if I live hip Wendell she'd be easier we should so you'll see it on in the day he tells how he should go to the dealership dangers on the yes and told what you got in trouble on and why not put on the phone saying he was on the phone to see just a teensy found damages anyway little hotel dilemma the end of October twenty in that yet I usually that'll hopefully to disappointing didn't have the time each of that bundle on Tom and the station because you had mentioned that you'll do that by doing that kind of a bunch of and so it was good to go take a valiant had just found out she found it she does either from the doctor well you would have told me and then they do the bushel wonderful Tony social with people between the day they see it the chill TT chapter Y. modernization again using that may continue with your fashion tech one of bush's role so you'll either journal of the book that you know you saw the army don't talk collusion does any kind of warning zone since on too from Neil Neil Young mall are you yeah usually only on the and that may not be enough Neil Neil Califon Clinton bush a whole tuition they still when all the details on the beach holiday with a.
How To Make a Mass Extinction
"This episode. Not so scary but exciting citing that we're kind of in the most consequential few decades in the past few hundred million years. That's Peter Brennan. On his website. He describes himself as a placental mammal camel but he's also an award winning journalist and the author of the book the ends of the world volcanic apocalypse lethal oceans and our quest to understand understand. Earth's past mass extinctions a book that the journal Science called a surprisingly lyrical investigation of Earth's mass extinctions in New York City recently and we sat down together to talk about the book midway through our discussion. We'll take a break for a short segment sponsored by the Cavalry Prize with Stanford neuroscientists scientists Carlos shots which perhaps surprisingly has some connections with the discussion of mass extinctions. And now Peter Brandon. Let's talk about mass extinction all right. The book is really kind of a survey of the great mass extinctions in the history of our our planet. Yeah there's a reason though that you go through all that and that's related to what's happening today right. Yeah I really wrote it because I think in the popular imagination mass extinctions or what happens when big rocks from space at the planet. And I'd noticed that there was this really interesting thing. Conversation going on in the geology community over the last thirty years or so where yes and asteroids seems to have something to do with why the dinosaurs went extinct. But they're all these Older mass extinctions some of which were much more severe and almost all of them had to do with severe rapid climate change driven by changes in carbon dioxide basically atmosphere. And so I thought there was both this sort of sci-fi story about these sort of lost worlds that you might not be familiar with 'cause unfamiliar with the dinosaurs but The planet really has been a bunch of different plants over its lifetime and so if I thought that was really interesting to write about but there's also this news hook about. Hey we're starting starting to pull some of the same lovers that have been pulled in the worst things that have ever happened this time. We're pulling the levers in the past natural Rossi's of the levers rate. Yeah so in the past this has happened. It's been for the most part sort of tectonic cataclysms So when one of the mass extinctions there's some weird stuff going on with mountain building that might draw down. Co Two and plunged into an ice age but for a bunch of the mass extinctions actually are seem to be associated with these huge apocalyptic volcanic events called large provinces were just an unimaginable amount of lava comes out of the earth covering Thousands of are actually in one case three million square miles But law alone. If it comes out part of the world can't kill everything on the planet has to be you know because things on the other side of the planet seemed to be going extinct. In these mass extinctions scientists are trying to figure out what that must have something to do with the gases that are coming out at the same time. And what you see in some of the mass extinctions but if you know how to read the rocks if you're a really clever geochemists you can see that there are. These huge injections of carbon dioxide is the air from these volcanoes. And you can tell that it gets really warm. The Ocean starts to lose its oxygen and this thing called Ocean acidification. which we're doing now? which is what happens when too much co two reacts with seawater is is happening in these mass extinctions too? So it's sort of unnerving to see that you know we're not there yet but Were trending direction. Where if you go too far down that road that it can really be all breaks loose right? A lot of people have said we are in the midst of the sixth mass extinction but the scientists who talked to are a little more conservative conservative than that. Well I think paleontologists are certainly you know if you're a conservation biologist or any area and ecologist you can just see this tragedy unfolding all around to you and I'm not trying to minimize the the catastrophic damage. Humans have done to the planet. But I think it's actually. It's both worrying that we could even be in the same conversation as these mass extinctions because these are just you're turning everything up to eleven and trying as hard as you kill everything on the planet. I mean this is the the end the boundary boundary sort of condition for how hard the planet can be pushed. And we're not there yet. which the good news? We still have time to save the planet and that's really the point of that Sort of discussed in the book that you know. We're driving species extinct at a crazy rate today. But they're still time before we get to the level love you know when the asteroid wiped out the dinosaurs when these giant volcanos were happening. So there's time to save the the turn the ship around and it's sort of scary but exciting we're kind of the most consequential few decades in in the past few hundred million years. It's really up to us to to avert to avert this Scott in a mind boggling and I didn't mean to minimize what's going on right now. By saying that the scientists he spoke to her a little more conservative about whether we're in the sixth mass extinction. It's more more like you don't have lung cancer yet. You only have emphysema right so everything's cool. Everything's bad right exactly If we keep up the current rates then we'll get there for certain In the next few decades centuries to Millennia depending on how you count but we will. We'll get there for certain if we don't change their behavior and we're making the sound like a very depressing book but there's some there's some lighter moments to it. I'd say I was it has to do with your felicity as a writer actually happening out there. Scientists the funny people funny people for example. Just to since. We're trying to have a good time here. let's talk about the first time you went out the Cincinnati Rock count people and the guy. The had a name for something that you picked up. Yeah right so if you know how to read the rocks and you know what you're looking looking at. There is no matter where you are in the country. There's not a boring spot for geology And there's some great. There's a APP called rocked which you condemn on my phone and it will tell you what you're standing on basically and so no matter where you are. If you're in New England you can look up. Oh my goodness I'm on this volcanic archipelago that crashed into tropical North America. Four hundred fifty nine years ago or if you're in boulder where I am you know there's red rocks from the middle of Panja and the dinosaurs and you know there really isn't a boring or right here in New York. We're on top of UH either Cambrian stuff from the dawn of animal. Life Ocean rock or in Brooklyn. There's glacial stuff from these crazy ice ages. That happened. Not that long Ongo and there's some cretaceous stuff in Staten Island's from the dinosaurs from these big river delta. So there's an amazing story underneath your feet. No matter where you are and geology is just is sort of amazing endlessly fascinating field. That sort of tells you about these alien worlds at the planet spend before a sort of crisscrossed the country and joined up with professional geologists amend was sort of introduced these groups of amateur theologists. Who are really inspiring people because they take their own time out of their own weekends to You know just pull over to the side of the road. These unloved highway road cuts. 'cause they know that there's amazing fossils there and they're incredibly dedicated to it and I was sort of a Newbie and I joined up with him. One day to look for fossils on the side of the highway in Cincinnati because it turns out that in Cincinnati four hundred fifty six four hundred fifty million years ago It was a shallow sea and it was filled. With sort of weird things. Look like horseshoe crabs in these giant squid like things. And so it's just it's totally alien. SCIFI world infects the lends its name to a particular time because of that right. There's this thing called the Cincinnati and in the late or division period because Cincinnati is the best place in the world to find fossils fossils from this period right before this big mass extinction but I went there and I went with all these Sort of really interesting quirky people. Who Do this spare time? Just pull over the side of the road looking for fossils and we're finding lots of these things called grab delights which are these weird sea creatures that swam in these colonial homes and stuff like that not colonial homes like from I'm from New England But yes I was finding a lot of those and so I would ask people what's this and say. Oh it's a trial by. Oh it's too late and then I thought I found something and I showed it to this guy and that's what it was and he said that's a leave right I said is that good. And he said Yeah Lever Right there and he took it out of my hand and he threw it on the ground so good. Yep Ah so you you went out. With a whole bunch of different people are amateurs and professional researchers and Saul a lot of I just got back from England and I saw the white cliffs of Dover Right So the white cliffs of Dover like a really good example of a lot of stuff. You're talking talking about it's all fossils. Yeah right yeah. I think people don't appreciate that limestone for the most part is Stuff it was. It's calcium carbonate. That was sort of precipitated by sea creatures. And if you go to Indiana and you see limestone if you put under Mexico begin see it's just all a lot of it's like little Z.. Creatures and things like that and the white cliffs of Dover Our caucus fours which are the you know you see today from space in these giant swirling blue green sort of hurricanes in the ocean. And it's just plankton. And you give plankton enough time and it can build up something like the white cliffs of Dover this giant Edifice Livingston. I wants to living
How Did the Ancient Land Blob Called Gondwana Become Today's Southern Continents?
"Lauren Bogle bomb here sometimes. Good Science Science can happen just by looking at a map of the world and letting your mind wander for instance observe how Africa and South America seemed to have been very recently cuddled together even though there are currently a couple of thousand miles of ocean between them similarly Madagascar fits perfectly into a little nick in the eastern edge of Africa and the Middle East seems seems to be pulling away from the top of Africa like a corner being pulled off of a hot cookie with a reasonably good representation of the shape and arrangement of the world's continents in front of them. Anyone could easily assess the earth's land masses have definitely been speaking around the name for the southern landmass that once was is Gondwanaland and also known as Gondwana but it wasn't just the shape of the continents that clued researchers into its former existence. They've also looked at similarities. Among plants and animals that live across the modern separate continents from those clues. Gondwana was an idea long before anybody figured out how or why. It worked the secret of course being plate. tectonics and idea that didn't really start gaining steam. Until the mid twentieth century but a nineteenth century Austrian geologist named Edward Seuss put a name to the concept of the supercontinent in his book. The face of the earth the first volume of which was published in eighteen eighty. Three SEUSS didn't come up with many completely novel ideas ideas. But he did a great job of synthesizing. A bunch of the research of the day to conclude that the southern continents and landmasses we now know as South America Africa Arabia India via Sri Lanka and Madagascar had at one point in time been connected because one well just look at them and two. They contained the same rocks and the same fossil's from an extinct feathery leafed tree called gloss of terrace Austria and in Arctic. Oh would be added theory. Thirty years later Gondwana on what was named for a densely forested region of central India where the first fossil evidence of the supercontinent was found in the nineteenth century. WanNa is a word for forest in Sanskrit and the guns are tribe that European explorers. I found living in the region. Even though we now know a lot about the mechanism by which Gondwana China was formed. It's extremely complicated and still being investigated. There's at least one. Peer Reviewed Scientific Journal devoted entirely to the study of the supercontinent. It's it's called appropriately Gondwana research however. There are a few things that we're pretty certain of I got Wada wasn't built in a day. The the making of Gondwana was a long process. Most likely through three major mountain building events driven by the movement of Earth's tectonic plates we spoke spoke via email with Joseph Merit professor in the Department of Geological Sciences. At the University of Florida he explained during the interval from about six hundred fifty to five hundred in fifty million years ago. Various pieces of Africa and South America collided along an ancient mountain chain called the Brazilian belt slightly older but overlapping with the Brazilian. Oh seven seven hundred and fifty to six hundred and fifty million years. AGO is the east African Oregon or Mozambique Belt that resulted from the collision between East Africa and Madagascar India Tree Lanka and parts of East Antarctica. The final collision was along the Kouanga Oregon between all those assembled pieces and the rest of Antarctica and Australia between five five hundred eighty and five hundred and thirty million years ago so it was a couple hundred million years of extremely slow continental car wrecks the created this Beta Ada version of Gondwana. But it wasn't done yet later about three hundred million years ago other landmasses join forces with it to form the giant ball of land. We now no no as Panja. But one continent rule them all couldn't last and sometime between two hundred eighty and two hundred million years ago. Hingis started started disintegrating as magma began pushing up from beneath the mega supercontinent creating rifts in the land that would later become seafloor as Penn.. Jia cracked the top part was pushed to the north creating the continent Laura Asia and Gondwana headed south back when Gondwana was just a baby supercontinent between five hundred and fifty and four hundred eighty five million years ago it hosted some of the very first complex life forms like trial abides bracket pods but since it continued to exist I didn't the drastic period lots of plant and animal. Evolution went down there merit said Gondwana contains evidence for evolutionary changes in the very first complex complex animals. The very first fish amphibians and reptiles the most famous fossils are the gun doina flora such as the loss of terrace fern a freshwater reptile called. Messo Soroush Soroush in a land. Reptile called Lyster Soroush Gondwana existed as a single landmass for more than three hundred million years because of its humongous assize by covered an area of one hundred billion square kilometers or about thirty nine billion square miles and because the continents moved a lot during that time Gondwana experienced many different climates said during the Cambridge. When Gondwana I formed the earth and Gondwana were in a greenhouse state in the late order vision? Four four hundred fifty million years ago gun was moving over. The South Pole and the climate was very cold. Gondwana continued to move through variety of latitudes and depending on where you are located hated. The climate might have been quite warm or more temperate. The continent was so large. That one part of Gondwana might be located at the quarter while another might be located at the poll. It's true it would have been cool to see Gondwana in its prime and although you won't personally get to see its victorious return. That doesn't mean that it's not possible. Possible the continents are always moving and scientists have a lot of ideas about what our next supercontinent is going to look like.
The Role of Design in Business
"I'm Jackie FRY senior director of design operations at mail chimp. We essentially run the business of design and based on the theory that design China's great for business I often think that design or are separated in their silos. I'm a product designer. I'm a brand designer and at Milton we wanted to bring these people together so that they could get to know each other more see each other's work influence each other's work these people being together getting to know each other it. It offers a lot of great benefits to our customer experience in sort of that harmony of touch points. Saint how all of that design comes together male chimps all in one marketing platform allows you to manage more of your marketing activities. All in one place so you can market smarter and Dan grow faster now. What male chip? That's what learn more at Nelson Dot Com. I'm curious about what you think of the Solo Universe and its possibilities around inclusion. Are you finding people who are solo practitioners or vision vision. Who are finding ways to work? In this way that they wouldn't in an less welcoming corporate environment the event the PAT just described Solo event took place at District Hall all here in Boston and the Innovation district and At one point I went out to. I forget whether I had go to the bathroom or get some water or something and are there were three young guys. They're tech is still had like Chino's ill-fitting she knows and stuff and that was what the districts designed to be at work co working space base for young tech people and They They said to me. What are you guys doing? And I explained to them what we were doing and they said this is the first time we have ever seen anybody buddy. WHO's not white in district hall NatWest true? I mean they attracted a lily white audience which is representative of the business community in Boston. Unfortunately the mainstream business community. What we had done was 'cause early marketing efforts actually did not reach a broad enough audience in terms sued versity. We went to Roxbury and got a couple of local business activists and said we'll give you a table invite local soloists and so they they did and immediately they came in and they felt as if they were part of this community. If we had not done that that would have been an all white audience. We live in a capitalist a society that benefits getting big and getting big fast. Do you see any benefits in the idea of scale at all I think about when we launch fast company right we. We were a lot about changing the way big companies work. It was. It was a magazine for people in big companies not entrepreneurs and not soloist. Louis and we didn't know where that was ultimately with the long path was for that but ultimately big business took over the learned their lesson. About what talent wants and a lot of them have changed the way they do business pretty dramatically but I do wonder if Biz will come along again as the Solo. The world grows to kind of say. Okay we understand now what people want. And we're GONNA adjust again and maybe maybe it is the end of large organizations physically physically but you know. I just wonder if they're going to sort of see an adapt through our normal economic and societal benefits to organizations that scale. Well absolutely and were not arguing. that the solar independ- dependent life is for everybody. I have a bunch of brothers who are extremely successful all of the big company guys and when we sit around and talk I think they'll look at me and think why would you not want to work on a global scale. You know they were. At and T. and pricewaterhouse coopers and they loved working at that scale. I understand that So we're not talking about everybody but I do think that Scales the enemy of creativity period. End of story. I couldn't agree more but let me. Just add a footnote to that the so the four of us are sitting around talking and we would all argue that by virtue of our profession where creatives. Yes but you down to Washington. DC and there's a law firm down there call the Potomac group and it's one hundred lawyers. None of them are employees. They're all indies and there is a firm and what the firm does is it makes a market between clients that have specific needs that can be satisfied legal needs on a project basis and these lawyers who have left often the most prestigious law firms in Washington and New York to work with Potomac because they want flexibility. They want to work on projects. They don't want to work full time. And so and their creative there are creative attorneys their creative consultants and I think there are people who who WANNA WANNA be able to do Exercise the creativity and the way in which they approach the law or they approach accounting or finance. And I believe me. I'm not ignoring the fact that there are lots of people primarily women but not only women who are attracted to this life for purely practical reasons schedule reasons scheduling scheduling companies. Say they can offer more of that in God knows they're trying but you can't. There's really woman entrepreneur now runs you know. I don't know it. Forty Billion Alien Dollar Company. Who said to me and my last days and ink in two thousand twenty set to Maitland simple truth matters? Large companies require and demand obedience. They you just do. I mean these companies often have employee manuals that are as long as the Russian novel for God's Sakes and they have an entire department that's really frankly designed to protect the company from employees. They call it. Hr but that's really what they're doing there and so I'm not. I'm not being cynical about them. I think that's required. That's required when scale and there are companies that do that really well and there are people who flourish in that environment. I was wondering if we could generate a list of things things that we as a society could care more about advocate for. That would make possible this kind of work with some sort of legal protections something about student loans loans. I'm thinking about the kinds of structural barriers that prevent people from being liberated in this way portable health insurance. Yeah the one thing I came out of that event with in what I don't even know if it came up specifically but it was I remember telling you solo has to launch a lobbying arm. We gotta get to Washington and we gotTA start. There's no protection for soloists whatsoever but just isn't and insurance is unbelievably cost prohibitive. So the world doesn't really help you pursue this line of work. Do you have a sense of the psychological profile of the solo worker. ill-fitting Chino's you were talking. They don't they don't here's here's a here's the statistic where well aware of the fact that A significant minority of people who are now in these started out not voluntarily but they were they were laid off and so they did it often thinking it was temporary and out of desperation and after bring some income in so I'll do some projects while I look look for another job and there's a company down in. DC called embryo. Descend some research that says if a typical person like that lasts as an Indie for between eight and twelve months. The chances are eighty percent. They'll never go back and get a job again. So it tells you something about On the one hand the incredible fear that people feel about making the transition out of the world of regular Panja Film. And on the other end and the fulfillment on the other rant for people who are looking to build us an economically sustainable life around interesting work. The future is brilliant Ryan and possible and possible really practically possible. It's challenging it's difficult is especially challenging for people who have inflict Ed Glass. We grew up in as as participants in a traditional workforce not easily. Leave that behind. But once you get involved in this world it is exhilaration. What is your best advice to a big organization who are more likely to hire even on a temporary basis these wonderful solo workers there's To become more comfortable with them and to be able to hire them in places where it would have a big economic impact. I'm thinking all all kinds of places including the rural worker who with high speed Internet is now living the dream of being creative to all kinds of places that are still emerging economies across Africa and Latin America and Asia. It's it's I don't have the answer to that but the question is so funny because as you're asking it I'm thinking unless they're one hundred percent committed to supporting the solo world their inclination is going to be identified talent and want to hire them right so that I think the question is. How do we find someone so committed that? They won't try to hire right that they're going to respect that you've chosen this way of living your life trying to invent an AI. Around work around I can give you an example company really very traditional mainstream company pricewaterhouse coopers. They built a platform for indies. And it all you go on the platform. So let's say you're a consultant assault. You go on the platform and you can search anywhere in the world any project. That is Available right now for contract work and you can search it by industry specialization The economic value the project and I think the logic behind this was that they felt that increasingly. They're relying line too much on indie consultants who were in heavily socially networked communities their global firm and he wanted to figure out how do we make consulting work for P. WC MUC- accessible to population of indies globally. And kind of take down the barriers. If you will.
"panja" Discussed on Bloomberg Radio New York
"Doug krizner at Bloomberg world headquarters in New York. Let's check this hour's top business stories and the markets. President Trump threatened to raise tariffs on China again if Chinese president Xi Jinping doesn't meet with Trump at the upcoming g twenty summit in Japan Trump said he could impose tariffs of twenty five percent or much higher than twenty five percent on three hundred billion dollars worth of Chinese goods. If you're looking for evidence of collateral damage in the US, China trade war, look, no further than South Korean exports. They fell sixteen point six percent in the first ten days of June. That's year-over-year reading chip exports cratered. They were down thirty point eight percent. Salesforce dot com is buying Tableau software. Price tag on the steel fifteen point three billion the move, though will push Salesforce, further away from its central business, and Mark a new era of Salesforce in its quest to manage software for managing customer. Relationships. The market was skeptical sales for shares were down at their worst level. In nearly seven months. The online photo retailer shutter fly is getting a new owner, the is being acquired by Apollo management for what looks to be about one point seven four billion US Apollo is also assuming more than a billion dollars in shutter fly debt. Apollo then plans to merge outer fly with rival snap fish. We check markets every fifteen minutes here on Bloomberg after a holiday Monday in Sydney. The ASX two hundred is up more than one point two percent in Tokyo. The Nikkei higher by two tenths of one percent. Hang sang, better by six tenths of one percent. Shanghai composite ahead. Eight tenths of one percent, and the kospi now up two tenths of one percent. The US ten year treasury in the Tokyo session, yielding, two point one five percent. Global news twenty four hours a day on air and a tick tock on Twitter, powered by more than twenty seven hundred journalists and analysts in more than one hundred twenty countries. This is blue. Lemberg. Last friday. President Trump accepted Mexico's offer of tougher immigration enforcement, as sufficient to dissuade him from levying five percent charge on all Mexican imports and June, although his decision removed one obstacle for congress tensions in the US trade were are ratcheting up President Trump threatening to raise tariffs on China again, if president Xi Jinping doesn't mean with them at the upcoming group of twenty summit in Japan Terry Hanes, Panja policy advisor founder and political strategists discussed the latest news on China and Mexico. He spoke with Bloomberg's Tom Keene and Jonathan Farrow, almost it's Nord. Now there's China. There's europe. There's a Mexico up where maybe even Canada, we forget about this wonderful tradition of the US in Japan. Do we risk losing that? With all these other distractions. I don't think so. You know, I think the, the administration has has shown that they think the US Japan relationship is important president was. Was there not long ago? They've, they've begun new bilateral talks at as you both know the administration has put a premium on bilateral rather than multilateral negotiations. I think they will want to proceed on this in very much the same way, general way that they've done with the European business, which has gone on for about a year now wanting to make bilateral deals when and where they can with some kind of general end date, but no, I don't think Japan's have forgotten ally at all far from it. As China's can send us a belief that still helped by some that this is a story that begins and ends with the president of the United States, who is currently Donald J Trump's how how much of a mistake, it's believed that it begins and ends with President Trump. I think that is a large miscalculation, John, the, the this is not exclusively. The president right now. The president has a huge support in congress on a bipartisan basis for what's going on in China. There's a general sense, and has been for quite quite a while that the US China relationship needs to be reset. And I think the there was a critical mass that was trending. Towards looking at trade deals in a much more critical way even before the two thousand sixteen elections, and I think you could see that in how the, the Trans-Pacific Partnership, the debate was shaping up in the Obama administration, which ultimately decided not even try to push it towards ratification, even before Trump got there, this is going to go on for some time. And there are a lot of facets to the US China relationship, and they're going to have to sort it out, Sarah possible, that we could look back till it's that multilateral approach and get some of the allies together, along with the United States to address somebody issues that many of these countries sham many of these trading books Shad, the European Union and not the one that I mentioned has things in common with the United States would like to address the same issues, they will get on the same page Terry. I think I think they John, I think you're, you're absolutely right. I think they are buying large on the same page. But I think what happens is, you've got I look at this kind of a tectonic plate shift. You've had a status quo in trade relationships for the previous generation, and that's now, changing across the board and governments of all kinds are very slow to, to, to react to that change, and understand that it's that it's real and it's lasting. And frankly, I think back to Tom's earlier question I think they kid themselves to some extent thinking that this is a one off when it's actually not. Well, if it's not a one off and in that's more than possible. And if we give the president credit for changing or exceleron, or providing catalyst debate is there any reasonableness that the legislative branch could take over some trade decision or do we stay in the eighty year path, we've been on well, theoretically, the, you know, in reality, the legislative branch has given the president certain powers? One of them is the is the tariff power. They, they could certainly take that back that statutory and they could repeal the statute or change it. I doubt that very much in a in a short term sense, you've got a very divided congress. Number one, number two, you think underneath the, the winding and cavalier that that some tab on on the hill about this. There's an awful lot of bipartisan agreement that the tariff power is, is being used to actually achieve some goals. This is critical Terry. You're telling me that there's a bipartisan not spoken but implied view that a five percent ramped up tariff regime for Mexico. Is it appropriate policy? I think there was concern about that. But by and large because it hadn't been run through with congressional leaders number one number two, I think there is a bipartisan agreement that using tariffs to compel companies or countries to come to the table and actually make improvements in trade policy, or even in other ways is entirely appropriate. But what they don't want is, they don't want tariffs come in. I not coming off. That's Panja policy advisor, founder and political strategist Terry Hanes coming up. We hear from the former national press secretary for President Barack Obama's twenty twelve reelection campaign. This is lemberg. If you love them enough to listen to them practice the same song, too. Please beat. Over and over and over and over and over that surely, you'll.
What If the Meteor that Helped Wipe out the Dinosaurs Had Missed Earth?
"Today's episode is brought to you by smart water twenty years ago. Smart water, reimagined, what water could be from thoughtful bottle designed to supporting smart people who are changing our world through fresh thinking. Like, you smart water has added electrolytes for taste and great tasting water helps you stay hydrated, feeling refreshed and ready to take on your day. Refresh yourself with smart water. Welcome to brain stuff from how stuff works. Hey, brain stuff, Lauren Vogel bomb here on the northern coast of the Yucatan peninsula near the town of chick. Love. Mexico is a crater about one hundred twenty miles in diameter. That's about one hundred ninety kilometers the asteroid that created this crater was about six miles. That's ten kilometers wide and hit the earth sixty five million years ago in spite of these immense, measurements, the craters hard to see even if you're standing right on its rim to get a good map. Nasa. Researchers examined it from space. Ten years before the nineteen ninety discovery of the chick fil crater, physicists, Louise, Alvarez and geologist. Walter Alvarez, a father son team proposed a theory about the impact that we know today created it. They noted increased concentrations of the element iridium in sixty five million year old clay radium is rare on earth, but it's more common in some objects from space like meteors and asteroids, according to the Alvarez theory, a massive asteroid had hit the earth blanketing the world iridium, but shower of particles wasn't the only affect of the collision the impact caused fires climate change and widespread extinctions at the same time dime stores, which until then had managed to survive for a one hundred eighty million years died out, geophysicist Doug Robertson of the university of Colorado at boulder theorizes, the impact heated earth's atmosphere dramatically causing most big dinosaurs to die with an hours this mass extinction. Definitely happened fossil evidence shows that about seventy percent of species living on earth at that time. Became extinct. The massive die off marks the border between the Cretaceous and tertiary periods of earth's history. Which are also known as the age of reptiles and the age of mammals respectively today, scientists call the extinction decay t- event after the German spellings of Cretaceous and tertiary the t- event had an enormous effect on life on earth. But what would have happened if the asteroid hadn't missed would it have led to a world where people in dinosaurs would coexist or one in which neither could live. In a world where an asteroid whizzed past earth instead of crashing down with a force of a hundred million tons of TNT life could have progressed much differently. Sixty five million years ago, some of the animals and plants that are common today. We're just getting started these include placental mammals, which are mammals that develop inside a placenta in the womb and angiosperms, which are flowering plants insects that rely on flowers, such as bees were also relatively new many of these life forms thrived after the t- event, and without that mass reptilian extinction to clear the way they may not have found ecological niches to fill in this scenario. Today's world might be full of reptiles and short on mammals, including people. But even if the asteroid hadn't hit done stores and other Cretaceous life forms might have become extinct. Anyway, some dinosaur species had started to dwindle long before the asteroid's impact. This has led many researchers to conclude that the asteroid was just one aspect of a complex story. Other global catastrophes. Massive volcanic eruptions in what is now. India most likely played a role also the earth's changing landscape as the supercontinent Panja broke up into today's continents. Probably had something to do with it too. Then there's another argument that the chip to love asteroid hit the earth too early to have caused the extinction. Researchers Gerda Keller and Marcus Harding, both conclude that the impact took place three hundred thousand years before the end of the Cretaceous period. Keller theorizes chick fil impact was one of at least three massive collisions Harding argues at the iridium layer didn't come from the web asteroid but from another event such as series of meteors burning up in the atmosphere. He bases. This theory on ROY particles objected during the impact a most of these are in an older layer of the earth than the Katie iridium layer, according to both of these points of view the absence of the club. Asteroid strike may not have had a big affect on the k t extinction earth was a warm planet for most of the time that dinosaurs lived after the end of the Cretaceous period, the world got a lot colder and experienced several ice ages. Whether dinosaurs could have survived such change in climate is debatable. It's hard to come to a definitive conclusion about what the world would look like today without the chicks love impact. But the question of whether people in dinosaurs could have coexisted is a captivating won the ideas, president in everything from the Congo legend of mock lame Obembe to King Kong to the pervading kitsch of the Flintstones. Then of course, there's the prevailing scientific theory about the origin of birds that they are in essence dinosaurs that we are coexisting with today. Today's episode was written by Tracy the Wilson and produced by Tyler claim brain stuff is a production. Iheartradio's how stuff works to hear more from Tracy. Check out the podcast stuff, you missed in history class and for more on this and lots of other historic topics is that our home planet. How stuff works dot com. And for more podcasts from iheart radio is iheartradio app. Apple podcasts or wherever you listen to your favorite shows. Jerry Lewis is dead. Sid vicious incurred. Kobe also did Amy wine-house Johnny cash and more disgrace. Them's rock and roll true crime podcast with stories about musicians getting away with murder and behaving. Very badly is available now hosted by me Jake Brennan, you can listen to disgrace of the iheartradio app. Apple podcasts or wherever you get your podcasts.
How to Find Your House on Pangea
"Remember, the good old days when all the continents were just one big mega continent. All right. Well, you probably don't remember those days because they were like a hundred seven. Five million years ago, but if you're still somehow nostalgic for those geographically simpler times back when you only had to remember the name Jia instead of seven different continents. Then we've got some good news. Thanks to a software engineer named Ian Webster. You can load up an ancient map of the earth. And find out where your house would have been you can find the interactive map on his website dinosaur pictures dot org, and you can use it to pinpoint a modern address in any of twenty six different geological areas. It's an out of the box way to connect yourself to the planet's history, you can set them up to twenty million years ago two hundred million years ago as far back as seven hundred fifty million years ago with lots of intervals between we check out our address here in Chicago. Because of course, we did. And the further back you go the closers to oh and the rest of North America drifts towards Africa around two hundred twenty million years ago. You'll find Florida wedged right in there between South America and Africa with the region that will eventually become Europe. In Asia hovering a little bit overhead, by the way. Did you know the Panja split into two sub super continents before it split into the seven continents? We know today the one in the north was called law regime which included North America Europe and Asia and the one in the south was called Gondwanaland which included Africa, South America, Australia and antibiotic they broken in their current configurations later on and that division is still going on today. In fact, Africa is splitting into two continents right now. But that's a story will get into next week. In the meantime, you can drop a pin on a map to see where you would have lived on the websites dinosaur pictures dot org.
Quitting Is Underrated
"Quitting is under rated there. I said it our cultural glorifies perseverance, but there's a lot of research that shows that sometimes quitters do prosper heard work is key to success. Sure. But today, I want to get into the science of strategic. Weekly giving up this goes to home because I did this in college. And it was really hard. What did you quit in college? I dropped my music major. Yeah. Yeah. I ended up with a journalism degree. I was going to double major in. The worst part is it was partly into my first semester, my senior year, and I just looked at my class load and Tang where I was at. And I was just like I this is an well. I kept my music major and look at us. Now, look look who's really using their journalism degree. You play gigs like every weekend. We both got the best of both worlds meet did. But here's the thing. A lot of people look at their life in terms of what a communists, call sunk costs. That's the cost of something you've already paid for the you can't recover, but that's not just about money. It can refer to the amount of time. You spent on something like all the time has been in practice rooms, my freshman, sophomore engineering college. Here's another example. Let's say you wanted to make a living playing video games fulltime, and streaming online on Twitter YouTube or somewhere all that time. You spend building a website and recording editing broadcasts and marketing your show, all of that is a sunk cost, even if you don't see any traction with getting more viewers or making any money, you might think to yourself. How can I quit now you've already put so much time and energy and tear dream, right? You're almost there. But the thing is as Stephen dubner notes on his economics podcast thinking this way means you're constantly looking backward into the past you're focusing on what you've already done, which you can't. Change this often leads to it's known as the sunk cost fallacy. That's when you keep adds something because otherwise you'll feel like you've wasted. All that time. You spent think of this though, everything you do presently right now has an opportunity costs as the communists, put it. You're abandoning all the things you could have done with that same time and effort when you think in terms of opportunity costs the central question of your life, isn't what have I done so far. It's what's my most compelling option right now aren't the only people saying that quitting can be a good thing. Even the Harvard. Business review has positive things to say about it saying that quitting Ken set you free from mundane busy work with minimal payoff quitting. Also opens you up to opportunities that are better suited to your talents. Tried calling your obvious failure of failure early on by failing quickly as a communist Steven Levitt puts it that'll help you try more things and ultimately find that perfect fit for who you are. And by the way. Research shows that when you can let go of impossible dreams without beating yourself up. You're less stressed. You're like the sleep better Panja less likely to have health issues, including stuff like constipation, XM, a- and even depression. Just remember that while quitting is not the answer to every problem. Never quitting is not necessarily something to be proud of either. The real goal is to know when to give up and went to keep
"panja" Discussed on Order of Man: Protect | Provide | Preside
"Tom, you Honi males take receive mills and in doing that using hunters dollars in those particular areas to generate more habitats. Create more protection plant grass is that used to be there and have been long gone removing non-indigenous obnoxious plants that are taking over, you know, affecting song piles insects, the of these oftentimes we want to look at the big animals, right? They're the ones that we see in zoos. They're the ones they see hunters photos. Right. They're the ones that are really were seeing from the car when we're driving by him. See a dent near on the side of the roller we hit Iran our car, but really there's a whole number of species reptiles, a song birds insects that are in the fungus in the symbiotic relationship between all these animals are more informed or just as important as some of the larger animals that we identified we all have to create now nuts, right? We now have to chase this idea of harmony. Or at least helping the idea of harmony start to be a trend because we'd done so much damage that if left untouched if left unmanaged we would gobble up these resources in short order, and we'd have literally nothing left in. Now. The one interesting thing that I think is going on is that two hundred years ago few people care about our riled ceases. Like, I said things rest such a bounty people that they would fish out lakes. People didn't need you could shoot it up off low people who think that L would ever be removed or them online at ever even removed on somebody's southwest states in these animals were literally everywhere, you know, is fantastic populations, but aren't attitudes. Now are think are ones that are trending towards finding these areas to be so precious that people are actually pumping the breaks down saying, okay? As a species we went nuts for. Really long time. We have a radically a law species we have not a lot of species down through buildings through agriculture through grazing. But now people are finding these areas that are are so precious at they're really ramping up management really ramping up creating more habitat restoring habitat. And so hopefully through the interest is areas started growing will start desks. Maybe as a population may be as a species we start celebrating later or own population our own selves under. No, it's it's a complicated situation about as we as were racially Senate point six billion people on the earth doesn't seem to be slowing down anytime soon. It seems to me that mother nature should have to stand tall. And maybe the population out quite a bit. It's unfortunate. But it seems to be the trend of of mankind in that is to be humbled through outside circumstances to realize. Is some stakes? Maybe we've made in the past. Yeah. I mean, you look at some of the triassic period that drastic period Cretaceous, period. You look at these crews were dinosaurs live, you look at how long these animals were on face, the another Abban other than the crocodile and arguably a couple of lizards in the wild Turkey, which has a racing relation to allow the dinosaurs you other than some of these avian species Socrates reptile species being connected dinosaurs there at all and they were here for a very very long time enabler here worldwide with this places Panja and all these landmasses were connected. They were everywhere these landmasses separated, they were still everywhere. And this is massive. I mean, the populations that we're talking about her own believable, which is live fossils are found everywhere have gone. They're all Bob because mother nature. Let them to go away for whatever reason..
"panja" Discussed on Liberty Talk FM
"Cds tapes and videos, why not subject to personal property taxes in Panja personal property, such as shares of stocks, it says bones, but I think they mean bonds. No. Interest business records patents trademarks, computer software, designed and surveys included. Then. Subject to a personal property tax. Now, they can't hit you with animal registration fees. They'll get you every way they can. And then they also mentioned personal use items. So things that are used around the house, such as you know, like. They say household furnishings clothing, tools and equipment. So like stove in your house. Your microwave your kitchen utensils, not subject to this. And this this is an overview, so it's not specific to one state or another. But if you've got like a John Deere tractor go hit ya. They're gonna hit you. We this is at the federal level though. He was just reading a general statement of legal dictionaries understood sort of taking under all the different states because you know, there's gonna be different places right on the line. He's in new New Hampshire, and Tom you're on free talk live with the Kristen Daryl. Yeah. I remember when I was young and whenever the postage rates would go up, there'd be news stories about it and going up, and when it's going to be affective, but nowadays with the forever stamps is less important, and you go into the post office. They don't put up signs one eight people to get the postage stamps, supposedly great they're going to be going up because they figure everybody's got got the. Forever stamps and doesn't make any difference. I guess they don't want people stocking up at the lower price. Sure just before the deadline, and I was just thinking wouldn't it be dirty creek? If some blabbermouth would call up free talk live and go on the air and warn everybody that has Sunday January the twenty seven the cost of those forever stamps is going from fifty cents to fifty five cents each really cause. They just raised it from forty seven cents to fifty cents. Didn't they like two years ago? I feel like they're always there, isn't it? And you know, what else is when they did that by the way, they didn't tell me, and I was using discount postage, which by the way. What what more disturbing is that it's five cents more. If you're using stamp, but you can buy with cash without letting the banks keep track of all your transaction. Then if you're using a postage meter when the government keep tracking monitor everything you're doing and so right? Somewhat disturbing. Also, all these stamps collectors bought up years ago, and they're holding them in this. Sacrificing them. He discount postage into a search engine or a auction website. You can get them for like two thirds of their face value nowadays. And I was using those really mailing one time. Nobody told me the postage rates are going up, and I got some of them back with a note and the rest of them. I guess got delivered. Did they you know, this was like a couple of months after the rates went up. But they didn't they sent you. Then back. I'm I'm confused. What happened they sent some letters? They sent some of the letters with the lower rate the earlier rate, they sent them back to me if you don't have enough thought, those forever stamps. No, he said he bought some of the old collector stabs. You know, like if you put two twenty five cent stamps from back when it cost twenty five. Oh, yeah. Yeah. Yeah. Your your your twenty cents day, but at twenty five cents it's forty five. I forget how much it was. Right. So if you don't have enough postage something will get delivered. Most of the times something will get delivered back to you for insufficient. Postage every now, and then it might wind up going to the final destination with a note telling the recipient you need to pay us, eight cents or whatever the difference of posted. Wait, are you saying that you put on hold on Tom are you saying you put onto twenty five cents stamps, and they still wouldn't deliver it even though total the correct amount now on the old I put on the old correct amount and seven cents a mail them. I mail all these letters out and most of them got delivered. But I wanted to at least notify me, oh, by the way, the rates have gone up. So they sent a small bundle of them back. The rates have gone up and each one had to have two cents more posted the other thing.