6 Burst results for "Pamela Schwartz"

"pamela schwartz" Discussed on WMAL 630AM

WMAL 630AM

01:33 min | 3 months ago

"pamela schwartz" Discussed on WMAL 630AM

"Give you the latest in just a moment, President Joe Biden said to meet with Russian President Vladimir Putin this coming week right now, Biden taking part in the G seven summit in the UK For the last few days, there has been one question that the press had been repeatedly asking a president Biden and it is. What are you going to make that summit with Vladimir Putin coming up in a few days? He has refused to answer. He's pushed the question away, and we had just this earlier on this interview with NBC, which they did. Vladimir Putin is a remarkable turn of affairs, where President Putin seems to be the one now talking to the press President Biden the one who appears to be hiding from them, but he is talking about his three core issues over here. He's talking about climate change. He's talking about How to get over the covid pandemic, and he's talking about reversing the trump era. That's Fox's Benjamin Hall in Cornwall, England today marks five years since a gunman stormed in Orlando nightclub, killing dozens of people. Gunman pledging his life to the Islamic state terror network killed 49 people inside Orlando's Pulse nightclub. Popular, LGBT friendly attraction. The massacre five years ago is now being memorialized. This is an event that never leaves our community. It will always be embedded in our history, and that survivorship is forever and five years does allow for some healing and in some cases It doesnt Pamela Schwartz with the Orange County, Florida History Center has curated an exhibit of pulse, artifacts and testimonies in Broward County, Florida. Evan Brown Fox News. W M a L traffic and weather. Next. Just.

Vladimir Putin Pamela Schwartz NBC 49 people Biden UK Fox five years Evan Brown Broward County, Florida Orlando trump one question five years ago Fox News three core issues Cornwall, England today dozens of people President Biden
"pamela schwartz" Discussed on The Thread with OZY

The Thread with OZY

08:23 min | 3 months ago

"pamela schwartz" Discussed on The Thread with OZY

"This three part limited series is brought to you by proctor and gamble proctor and gamble believes that words alone won't create change but stories. Do seek share and expect the whole truth of black life. Widen the screen to widen our view. The time for defense organizations to harness the power of the cloud is now discover how you can leverage mill cloud two point oh and diaz to advance your mission at part three of gd emerged twenty twenty 2021 tune in virtually on june twenty third to explore how cloud enables mission partners to modernize it platforms and integrate new technologies. Anytime anywhere here. From top leaders in government and industry to discover how dod enterprise cloud such as milk loud two point oh and dios can drive speed of acquisition collaboration and choice registered today at gd dot com slash emerge. It's been one year since. George floyd murder business. Roundtable stands with millions of americans calling for policing reform. We urge policymakers to continue working together to pass. Bipartisan policing legislation. The time to act as now paid for by business roundtable on election day. From what we know. You know most norman in july harry Or with african americans who are trying to to vote historian paul ortiz and what happens in a co is again similar to what happens in many parts of the state Keyboard or standing in line. We don't know how many people and if they're not allowed to vo historian marvin done. This is the plan to to challenge the Was it not the right to vote in okoye incentive for more broadly armed y deputies declared themselves poll monitors poll workers challenged black voters. Names mysteriously disappeared from the voter rolls poll taxes. It was claimed. Had not been paid in a cohee. Anyone turned away from voting had to go to the local justice of the peace to contest it and he had conveniently gone fishing that day. Mos norman was among the people who tried to cast a ballot and he goes to the polls to vote. He is turned away. His name had been placed on the stricken lowest for voting and he was never restored. They claim that mos- norman wealthy landowner deeply involved in voter registration efforts had somehow failed to pay his own poll tax. There are conflicting accounts of what happened. After moore's normal was turned away at the polls one of the biggest problems at this event is how few true primary source documents. There are because why they weren't cats. Intentionally it's intentional. Erasure victory black citizens of koi and their descendants have spent decades trying to on earth. What exactly happened on election day. Nineteen twenty pamela grady. I'm a resident of a coli. And you know nobody knows these people you have four thousand residents you know and most of them. Don't even know that the land are living on. What happened to history to rich history pamela schwartz collected oral histories and documents for an exhibition at the orange county regional history center there are hundreds and hundreds of versions of we actually took one hundred and twenty nine and synthesize them into one mega account in the exhibit. So it's a huge like twenty foot wall. It's fourteen pages of text in. it's all in line. You can see where the twists and the faults of memory and the lies in all of these different ways. The story has changed over one hundred years and one version of the story. Mos norman returned to the polls with his shotgun sparking an altercation with armed. Why deputies in another more likely account. Norman took his case to judge john. Chainey in orlando historian parties again. He's trying to find ways to let people in power know that this corruption is happening in a collie know but the problem is even. He was able to context judge. Cheney there's really nothing judge cheney to do if he's able to to contact the supervisor actions in orange county. That guy's not gonna do any judge. Cheney is said to have advised ormond to go back to the polls in a co and get the names of people preventing black citizens from voting. This was likely to file a complaint lawsuit but it was a very dangerous errand according to one version of events. Norman enlisted his good friend. July perry to help the most important thing i think about most norman july period out like people trusted and both men fell he responsibility because of that trust to see things through on election day and that is a testament to their their courage. I mean they could have stayed home to save his thing for black people on election day. Nine hundred thousand eight was stay home but neither man played safe historian. Marvin done the two men. Mmabatho the polls There were armed white men there who chase them away. There was some sort of a confrontation and these. These two men went to delight. His own retreated their pastor. Stephen none is the founder of the july perry foundation and president of its board. He's july perry's great grandson. His grandmother july perry's daughter kurita was a teenager when most norman was turned away at the polls. She told me that He wasn't allowed to vote and a conflict took place and in the process. That was a fight that broke out. That fight ended up at the perry's front doorstep. She told me that There was a rumor that spread around town that The black residents will coley had gathered at july perry's home to Discuss a revolt to go back in demand their right to vote. If you would which she said was not true in the following hours that this white mob they call themselves possibly had been deaf to as to go and find out about disturbance polls and they knew that july trade and those normal among the activists involving toting so of the white people sorta focused on them but they weren't really sure about who's involved in terms of the the rumor. That blacks were on july parents home. That circulated very quickly the white community following the confrontation that the poll. Now there's Burly jones Black man who was a former slave weightman and burley jones. Who is a quintessential uncle. Tom total why people that blacks were arming themselves. And we're ensconced in. That area is home and that's rather mild teacher letters house at some point later that night after the polls closed a white mob armed white mob goes to the home of his friend and fellow labour broker. July perry and violence breaks out. Bolt shots are fired. She told me that at a certain point in time Some of the white residents Men of the Suitable koei came to their home and basically made a demand for come outside and they wanted to talk and of course he refused and said no and She did tell me that There was a an attempt to force. Someone attempted to force their way in and there was some gunfire. Here's a lot of people that are still trying to corrupt the story. And so so. For example i came to florida the summer. Nineteen ninety four. I was told by white middle-class.

pamela schwartz Norman john kurita fourteen pages two men hundreds ormond Nine hundred thousand Stephen none florida three part burley jones gd dot com paul ortiz both men one version four thousand residents today Cheney
"pamela schwartz" Discussed on The Thread with OZY

The Thread with OZY

06:30 min | 3 months ago

"pamela schwartz" Discussed on The Thread with OZY

"There's no way we will ever factually. Probably know how many black people were killed that night. Records were intentionally not kept given the current research we as historians will say that at least four black people were murdered but many accounts put the death toll. Much higher between thirty and sixty. Black residents. Were killed historian. Marvin done burned whole sexual black million We don't know if that was burned up. Those houses are not probably alert. Basically you had a choice you can leave and get shot or you can stay in bern and they burned to death. And they were put in popper's caskets and buried in mass graves. Once the white mosque started burning people's homes and People left every single black person in koli that night living or visiting lost something their sense of safety their home their property whether they were a renter or land owner Sometimes their life those who survived the flames and gunfire escaped into the surrounding swamps. The florida times union reported the next day. That black survivors were seen walking along highways. Many miles from cohee in the weeks and months that followed virtually every single black person fled the town and it looked like refugees from from a war zone out. Those those are the descriptions we have people leaving in wagons would all of their possessions white people lining the roads cheering. Jeering you lost. We won a day that had begun with hopes of a better life and a stronger. Democracy in florida came to an almost unthinkable end as cohee burned into the night. Raw back in orlando. Another violent crowd had gathered. July perry is in mortal danger in the jail in orlando. He is taken by lunch. Mom pamela schwartz. He is brutalized. There are many versions of what happened to him some very very descriptive and graphic but he is taken as lynched hanged. Leave after and go to the country. I wrote a bra from colonial. That with an ultra yatom with the same old creep. There is a oak tree right now. They are tattenham up and liam payne from the tree. The tree was near the entrance to the orlando country club by some accounts in view of the house of john. Chainey white judge who tried to help black citizens of coley vote. the story. that july was intentionally hangs Y you know. In view of cheney's house but that it was across this leg and it was up by country at the time. The way the trees and everything. We're like when we look back at historic photos of at lake in different things. I don't think anybody could have seen anything from the judges house. So i think that that is a thing that became part of the lower but there was an unmistakable message as well lynching was about historian paul ortiz. It was really about sending a lesson to the entire black and white and hispanic communities. You know what was in the south wester or wherever we're in charge here and we don't follow the law. We are the law. A local black undertaker took down perry's corpse from the tree the next day. Oh had done so many things to eat body. There wasn't too much left hanging because they had just his body in pieces but they took whatever they who'd and avid shoe the embalmed him and they feared him. The terror inflicted on the black citizens of choline didn't end with election day. The story has always gone that everybody left immediately. The black community left. They never came back. The story after is far more nuanced and horrific. I think personally Then that there's an official cover-up that goes on for decades after the event there's just so so much to the story. I think the most horrific thing is that we don't know on. We don't know by design by design. We don't have records. We don't have the people were killed. We don't know what homes burned. And which ones don't we don't know what happened to people and where they went. What we do know. Is that the terror. A was not carried out only by people in masks and robes much of it was committed openly the campaign to keep black people from voting and florida was not limited to anonymous letters from the ku klux klan editorials were printed in the most prominent newspapers in the state. When you're allowed to ascend older mommy hills say that white supremacy that our foundation vanishing of our civilization white supremacy as it is in danger we have to take them seriously and we take them seriously. We realize that they're going to do anything. They can to break up any challenge to their power system and this is why so many white people descend upon a coin. Is they're trying to send a lesson to that. Not only are not gonna vote today. You're never readable. what happened. Cohee was not just about one election. What happened next would take years to orchestrate and execute import three of the election day massacre. Where'd everybody go. And you look put a families the histories and you try to find where they are today and you can't find people you can't find him they just lost and gone. Nobody's ever held responsible in any way shape performed for what happens out of it was government supported land up. The script says thou shall not steal..

pamela schwartz orlando paul ortiz today thirty cohee Cohee coley Marvin one election July perry next day ku klux klan sixty Black south wester florida three that night at least four black
"pamela schwartz" Discussed on The Thread with OZY

The Thread with OZY

08:31 min | 3 months ago

"pamela schwartz" Discussed on The Thread with OZY

"One hundred years ago. African american florida were preparing for a historic election. Soldiers had come home after serving their country in world war one. The local economy was booming. Women earned the right to vote. The promise of america seemed closer than ever before and then in a night of unspeakable violence. everything changed. Uh there was no question who was in charge in central florida a century ago often at the time many of law enforcement and local politicians here were also members of the slant. Pamela schwartz is chief curator of the orange county regional history center in orlando florida one. Prominent white citizen at the time estimated that about ninety percent of law enforcement officers judges and lawyers and their cohee area where clan members. There's a new rise in the ku klux klan There's a resurgence of white supremacy There's an active movement for white supremacist to try to disenfranchise. Black voters in the days leading up to the election in november nineteen twenty. The kkk was especially active. There are marches throughout the state of florida. Jacksonville daytona orlando of ku klux klan. Sending that same message of do not get out to vote. if you're black or else in orlando around. Five hundred hooded men paraded behind three figures on horseback. They used megaphones to get their message out. Poll ortiz is. The author of emancipation betrayed the hidden history of black organizing white violence in florida from reconstruction to bloody election of nineteen twenty in daytona of the night before election. A march through. Mary mcleod bethune campus. You know and the the municipal authority Controlling the actually cut electrcity today tone industrial world school so that the clan could march through with their torches and terror tactics and accurately scary. It's just all of this. Stuff is boiling and boiling in the events of november. Second and third. Send it over the top. This wasn't event. Hundreds of years. In the making from the the first enslavement here up through black hose and jim crow laws and the suppression of of women's oppression of black voters the suppression in all these different ways Leading up to two something like this in that erupted five hundred years ago. Florida was under spanish rule. It was a sanctuary for slaves. Were able to escape. The british colony's but after florida came under the control of the united states in eighteen nineteen president. Thomas jefferson sent american troops to help former slaves and return them to their chains. Slavery ended with a civil war but segregation in ideas of white supremacy remain. strong central. Florida was especially attractive to former confederates. Marvin done is the author of a history of florida. Through black is central. Florida was a was a magnet for people who had lost a civil war because keeps them nine. Florida was untouched by the war And the that at a cattle that fed confederate army so businessman is slow to made money during the war while other parts of the south of being decimated by the war by nineteen. Twenty economy was booming. The citrus industry was exploding. A lot of black people were chanted into not too far for that reason to work the town of a with its lush orange groves and farms nestled along. Stark lake was especially attractive. A number of black people like man in particular had a madison property. orange rose on their own. There's a man by the name of moses norman moses. Norman had lived in this community for some thirty years He was not to some. You know young guy he. He was a well established individual well-known. It's how had his car. He was known to be a labor broker. Most normal at time was driving around in a car that was worth about seventy five hundred thousand dollars. Pamela greedy is the executive director of the july. Perry foundation doesn't mercedes jaguar. You know as he was driving around in a time when nobody even had cars it was only maybe one or two other cars in the whole town of always beyond. Here's this black guy. Driving through town is nice. Are you know they had to infuriate them. The foundation is named for mos norman's good friend and other prominent blacks julius july perry. Nothing really happened in okoye without him. Florida state senator randolph bracy. He was kinda like a broker for even white businessmen who wanted to come in the news in farming transactions. What have you. He ran out july. Perry and mos norman were pillars of the cohee community historian paul ortiz. There were able individuals. They're very hard workers. They're they're very good family man. They were highly respected. And the reason. I mentioned a trim highly respected and this is the most important element i think about most norman area y y they represent such a threat to is ramsey because these two exceptionally respected men were involved in an exceptionally threatening activity. Helping black citizens vote in the wake of world war one. Why we're gonna is a remarkable statewide voter registration. And the movement really crested built momentum. As african american soldiers returned from europe. A lot of black residents came back to the south and the third in europe and they were not going to comic themselves to the racism that was in their communities and most in particular were among those who came back with attitude. The two veterans join hundreds of other floridians who are mobilizing to combat white supremacy in nineteen twenty. There is a shoot of voter registration drive that supported not only by the black community but also by white republicans now all of them most of them. This was at a time. When most african americans were members of abraham lincoln's republican party. In many places in the south blacks could not even join the democratic party and thanks to the nineteen th amendment. Women would be voting for president for the first time in nineteen twenty. This is a whole new loading block and that includes black women and what it's doing is it's causing a lot of tension. People don't always accept change and so with this. You also see. Sort of a resurgence. An ongoing rise with white supremacy in the ku klux klan. Were not the only white supremacist trying to hold back. The new wave of black borders once. The white wine leads from white media. Realize this is happening. They use their offense as their their banner. Headlines white women. It's up to you to save the republic. This is the greatest crisis in our nation's history and typical op. Ed will say why ladies do you want your negro washerwoman to lord over you to take control. Do you want that negro custodian to marry your daughter. The threats heat up as the election approached. White supremacy is in a crisis. Much more honest racist today because they're very blunt about it. They're like white. Supremacy is our way of life is an american some white republicans in orlando including a local judge named john. Chainey helped july perry mos norman organized black voters about a month before the massacre they receive a letter from the florida. Ku klux klan signed by the looks clam that basically says stop or else while.

Thomas jefferson Pamela schwartz europe paul ortiz november nineteen twenty one julius july perry john One hundred years ago about seventy five hundred tho daytona Pamela greedy world war one five hundred years ago orlando florida two veterans central florida a century ago Marvin done Florida
"pamela schwartz" Discussed on The Thread with OZY

The Thread with OZY

08:05 min | 3 months ago

"pamela schwartz" Discussed on The Thread with OZY

"Coy was a national and international store. And if you look at any newspaper in one thousand nine hundred twenty around election day you can't miss her. Cohee historian paul ortiz. The university of florida stories in the new york times isn't a chicago tribune. It's in the european press odds and the latin american press. I'm an international story. In other words newspapers called it the cohee horror but florida's election day violence wasn't limited to a cohee so there is a statewide reactionary moving against the black struggle to regain right to vote. And there's violence all over the state There were gun battles assassinations. As far as i could tell in my research. The worst violence The most sustain anti-black violence appeared to happen. They call for able bodied ex-servicement to come and create a perimeter around tilly. Pamela schwartz chief curator of the orange county regional history center put together an exhibition on the aucoin massacre. Now they say that's to walk down the crime scene but it also means black families can't go find their loved ones. Get to their possessions. See what's going on the end of lacey. Pe- sent in an investigator. Walter francis white later president of the organization in nineteen twenty. He traveled a us investigating lynchings and other acts of violence against black americans. At the time that i visited ochoa the last colored family of okoye leaving with their goods piled high on the motor truck with six colored children. Own top why children stood around in g the negroes who believe in threatened them with burn if they did not hurry up and get away. These children dotted a huge joke. That some negroes had been burned alive. Multiple comes down. He's a very light skinned black man he can pass for white. He uses the centrifuge being man interested in buying orange groves in western orange county and he starts talking to people about the massacre and they tell him all sorts of details. I personally killed. Or i know how many negroes were killed and he finds that are very proud about what they did on election day. One man told him. I shot seventeen negroes. He shot himself and he was bragging about it. Pamela greedy is nicole resident and the executive director of the july perry foundation. It was the article in a newspaper. Said we're gonna have a banquet for everyone who came and we why we will reward you. One shot the most negroes. The one shot the most is going to get a reward. The reason the aku horror made headline does not that. Dozens of black people were murdered and hundreds of black families were made homeless. It was because two white members of the mob that lynched. July parade were killed during a shootout. There is the coroner's inquest. Which happens november third and fourth and what is found is unknown parties killed the white individuals. Unknown parties killed july. Perry was a common report leading to mentioned he had a black victim was in police. Custody and always result was killed by persons on Marvin done is the author of a history of florida through. Black is when those white men took july perry jail those jailers new. Every man who was in that okoye was a very small towns. Everybody knew everybody else. Prosecutors called the grand jury and orange county there was always a grand. Jury convened graduate convened. And who are the members of the grand jury they would have been all white men so the convening of the grand jury nothing historian. Paul ortiz will say well according to this testimony. July perry did this with a loaded weapon know and did that and this i say excuse me who's testimony and it number one isn't testimonies hearsay. Who's here say are you. Are you depending upon where they white. Oh yes will come on now please. One of the biggest mysteries is that a was conducted and there was some thirteen or fourteen witnesses. Only one black man thirteen or fourteen witnesses. And that's missing. It's not in anybody's files anywhere. So there's a lot of things a lot of records that should have been kept that warrant. The grand jury found quote no evidence against any one or group of individuals as to who perpetrated the fatalities cautious about relying on the words of white leaders beating chamber of commerce or political officials. Whatever because they have a vested interest and gerrymandering the story to make it appear as of july. Harry is crazy negro. That's how they that's how they referred. You would have been fine if it wasn't for this crazy negro. The grand jury did exonerate the only people who were imprisoned after election day. July perry's wife and daughter a still and carita walter white concluded that more than thirty black residents of a we were murdered on election day. Other estimates put that number as high as sixty. The nwa acp sent whites damning report to congress when he goes before the house senses committee when congress convenes in nineteen twenty. One florida is case number. One walter white gathered affidavits statistics photographs and witness testimony and so inevitably see prevent presents mazing evidence before the census committee nineteen twenty one about fraud and corruption and anti-black by once including cohee. This is not merely a question of the negro by any means. James weldon johnson end of lease. Epa's executive secretary was a floridian born in jacksonville. He too would one day. Be president of the c. p. He was an attorney and also the poet who wrote the lyrics to lift every voice and sing he told the committee that the suppression of black voters in the south undermine democracy across the entire nation. It is a question of republican government and the fundamentals of american democracy. It is a question which is either going to come to this congress or to some other congress in the future and with increasing force every time it comes up and it seems to me. It's better to pass on the question fairly and squarely and justly today and not wait until some unknown tomorrow but wait is exactly what congress did. Northern congressmen are in the comedian. They're like well i mean. I don't subordinate role suffrage. You hakkinen there collie you know nears. Don't blow where i ram. Why should they have to do that. Florida we went up that the bureau of investigation later named the fbi launched an inquiry into cohee but it was limited was the state local governments suppressing black voters. That is what this thing is about not about murder not about terror not about election fraud. The bureau of investigation found that there was quote no attempt to intimidate any negroes in the casting of their ballots and that there was no interference with the voting of qualified negroes. Walter way is not able as much research in work as he does any zone. Life.

Pamela schwartz jacksonville seventeen Harry Walter francis tomorrow congress Paul ortiz James weldon johnson today Dozens paul ortiz one thousand fourteen witnesses ochoa hundreds Perry One man Pamela greedy sixty
"pamela schwartz" Discussed on The Thread with OZY

The Thread with OZY

08:51 min | 11 months ago

"pamela schwartz" Discussed on The Thread with OZY

"One hundred years ago. African americans in florida were preparing for a storage election. Soldiers had come home after serving their country in world war one. The local economy was booming. Women earned the right to vote. The promise of america seemed closer than ever before and then in a night of unspeakable violence. Everything there was no question who was in charge in central florida a century ago often at the time. Many of law enforcement and local politicians here were also members of the ku klux klan. Pamela schwartz is chief curator of the orange county regional history center in orlando florida. One prominent white system at the time estimated that about ninety percent of law enforcement officers judges and lawyers in their cohee area where clan members. There's a new rise in the ku klux klan. There's a resurgence of white supremacy. There's an active movement for white supremacist. Try to disenfranchise black voters in the days leading up to the election. Remember nineteen twenty. The kick aka was especially active. There are marches throughout the state of florida. Jacksonville daytona orlando of ku klux klan. Sending that same message of do not get out to vote. if you're black or else in orlando around. Five hundred hooded men paraded behind three figures on horseback. They used megaphones to get their message out. Poll ortiz is. The author of emancipation portrayed the hidden history of black organizing white violence in florida from reconstruction to the bloody election of nineteen twenty in daytona of the night before election day marched through. Mary mccloy buffoons campus. You know and the the municipal authority Controlling the light trysofi actually cut electricity today. Tonet industrial roll school so that the clan could marched through with their torches and terror tactics and inaccurately scary. It's just all of this. Stuff is boiling and boiling and knew the events of november second and third sent over the top. This wasn't event hundreds of years in the making from the the first enslavement here up through black hose and jim crow laws and the suppression of of women's oppression of black voters the suppression all. These different ways Leading up to something like this event erupting five hundred years ago. Florida was under spanish rule. It was a sanctuary for slaves. Were able to escape. The british colony's but after florida came under the control of the united states in eighteen nineteen president. Thomas jefferson sent american troops to help capture former slaves. Return them to their chains. Slavery ended with the civil war but segregation ideas of white supremacy remain. Strong central florida was especially attracted to former confederates. Marvin done is the author of a history of florida. Through black is central. Florida was a was a magnet for people who had lost a civil war because keep in mind. Florida was untouched by the war. and into photo for that at a cattle that confederate army so businessmen is the flow. Florida made money the war. Other parts of the been decimated by the war by nineteen twenty florida's economy was booming. The citrus industry was exploding. A lot of people were chanted into not too far for that reason to work the town of a choline with its lush groves and farms nestled along. Stark lake was especially attractive. A number of black people like men in particular had managed to get property. Take on their own. There's a man by the name of moses norman moses. Norman had lived in this community for some thirty years. He was not just some. You know young guy he. He was a well established individual well-known. It's how he had his own car He was known to be a labor broker. Most normal at time was driving around in a car that was worth about seventy five to a hundred thousand dollars. Pamela greedy you executive director of the july perry foundation. That's a mercedes jaguar. That's what he was driving around in a time. When nobody even had cars there was only maybe one or two other cars in the whole town of beyond. Here's his black guy. Driving through town is nice. Party to the head to infuriate them. The foundation is named for most normal good friend and other prominent blacks in of a cohee. Julius july perry nothing really happened in okoye without him. Florida state senator randolph bracy. He was kind of like a broker for even white businessmen who wanted to come in the farming Transactions ask you. He ran the town. July perry and mows. Norman were pillars of the community. Historian paul ortiz. They were were successful individuals. They're very hard workers. They're very good family man They were highly respected. And the reason. I mentioned highly respected. And this is the most important element i think about most norman in july perry and y y they represent such a threat to white supremacy because these two exceptionally respected men were involved in an exceptionally threatening activity. Helping black citizens. Vote in the wake of world war. One lack floridian sat is a remarkable statewide voter registration and the movement really crested and build momentum as african american soldiers returned from from europe. A lot of black veterans came back to the south and third in europe and they were not going to accommodate themselves to the racism that was in there in community and mows july car in particular. Were among those who came back with that attitude. The two veterans joined hundreds of other floridians were mobilizing to combat white supremacy in nineteen twenty. There is a shoot voter. Registration drive that supported not only by the black community but by white republicans now all of them most of them. This was at a time. When most african americans were members of abraham lincoln's republican party. In many places in the south blacks could not even join the democratic party and thanks to the nineteen th amendment. Women would be voting for president for the first time in nineteen twenty. This is a whole new loading block and that includes black women and what it's doing it's causing a lot of tension. People don't always accept change and so with this. You also see sort of a resurgence. In an ongoing rise with white supremacy. In the ku klux klan klan members were not the only white supremacist trying to hold back. The new wave black borders once. The white wine leads white media. Light leaders realized this is happening. They use their offense space their their banner headlines white women. It's up to you to save the republic. The the greatest crisis in our nation's history and a typical op. Ed will say why ladies do you want your negro washerwoman to lord over you to take control. Do you want that negro custodian to marry your daughter. The threats heated up as the election approached. White supremacy isn't a crisis. They're much more honest and racist today because they're very blunt about their like white supremacy is our way of life in america some white republicans in orlando including a local judge named john. Chainey helped july perry and mos norman organized black voters about a month before the massacre they receive a letter from the florida. Ku klux klan signed by the ku klux klan. That basically says stop While stopping in your beautiful little city this week i was in fom that you are in the habit of going out among the negroes of orlando and delivering lectures explaining to them how to assert their rights. The grandmaster of the florida ku klux klan reminded them. What happened when white people tried to help black.

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