20 Burst results for "Pacific Plate"

"pacific plate" Discussed on True Mysteries of the Pacific Northwest

True Mysteries of the Pacific Northwest

04:11 min | 8 months ago

"pacific plate" Discussed on True Mysteries of the Pacific Northwest

"Storms during nineteen ninety seven ninety eight washed away tons of sand revealing hundreds of stumps the remnants of a sitka spruce forest. It's through a combination of carbon dating the counting of rings. That the date of the last cascade subduction zone quake took place. The earth's surface is made of southern manager plates and many smaller ones. The smaller place creator earthquakes for short duration of fourteen to forty five seconds. That may reach nine point five on the richter scale. They often take place what is called the fault line between these plates. Many people are familiar with the san. Andreas fault march. eleventh twenty. Eleven japan experienced a subduction zone. Quake that lasted more than four minutes. At nine point one. On the richter scale it was the fourth most powerful earthquake in the world since modern record of began in nineteen hundred the shade created a su- nami that reached a hundred and thirty three feet and muga six miles. Inland it move. Japan's main island of honshu eight feet shifted the earth on its axis between four and ten inches. This was an earthquake created by the shifting of the pacific plate finally to help put earthquakes in perspective the loma prieta quake that he will erupted the nineteen eighty nine world series in san francisco. California lasted fifteen seconds. The great san francisco earthquake of nineteen six was eight point six and lasted forty. Five seconds but japan's great earthquake of twenty eleven lasted over four minutes. Nine point one. On the richter scale based on data from oregon seed geographer patrick corcoran. Us gs alaska science center. True mysteries of the pacific northwest will now tour. The predicted minute by minute. Impact of a cascadia subduction zone earthquake on the oregon coast after three hundred twelve years. The cs z can no longer take the strain it ruptures a spot fifty five miles west of cannon beach oregon and quickly spreads alongs the seven hundred miles of its length from british columbia to mendocino california. The north american plate slips fifty seven feet to the south west sliding over the one fuca plate but remember. We're talking about a crushed more than fifty miles deep. The first movement sends a pressure wave that travels through the earth's crust at thirteen thousand miles an hour. It will reach the west coast in ten seconds. The leading edge will hit oregon's cannon beach and seaside thirty seconds later which portland and fifty seconds seattle in another fifty seconds at one point one. It's what seismologist. Call a full rip..

seven hundred miles California fifty seven feet ten seconds fifteen seconds eight feet fourteen san francisco Five seconds honshu Japan more than four minutes thirteen thousand miles an hou forty five seconds four more than fifty miles nineteen hundred fifty seconds a hundred and thirty three fee hundreds of stumps
"pacific plate" Discussed on KFI AM 640

KFI AM 640

07:36 min | 1 year ago

"pacific plate" Discussed on KFI AM 640

"Handel here and the morning crew as we enter the last half hour of the show. For Gary and Shannon show up in about less than half an hour. The trial of the former president in the Senate that starts just been a couple of segments. Trying to explain that today, the federal safety officials, the NTSB expected to announce that the cause of the helicopter crash that killed Kobe Bryant and eight out of others And its pilot error. I mean, we all knew that 50 years ago today, the film our earthquake hit and what was important about the sill Mark wake more so than the Northridge quake more so than, for example, the long beach quake of 1933 some great video that W C fields actually filming. A movie at the time when it hit and there is actually film of him on the set when the whole set started shaking in 1933 was a little bit of sidebar history. They're not that it makes any sense. And so what happened with the sill? Mark? Wake? Well, first of all, it was good size 6.6 across the San Fernando Valley. It was 6 A.m. February 9th 1971. And the epicenter was right where six flags of six flags Magic Mountain was but a toy that point there was nothing there so they call it still mark wake about six miles north of Fillmore. Wasn't the big jolt or the region's first big jolt. But here's what happened as a result of the Cellmark wake, because a whole bunch of people died. And it was like 84 people died and buildings were destroyed on and the matter fact here's the personal story. All of you medical center had just been built up in still more. And three people died it all of you, and they were all in the basement. They worked a laboratory. Was the medical laboratory there where they did the testing and, you know, drew the blood and all that. And my mother, who was a lab technician. Worked in that lab. And her shift started at 7 A.m.. An hour before the earthquake hit. And literally it pancaked and the people where she was and her department died. And that was really close to home. So when you talk to my mother about the Somare quake Oh, yeah, Boy, There was a connection there. So what ended up happening as a result of the sill? Mark, wake well. The building codes not only in California, Southern California changed but all over the country. The authorities then began dealing with earthquakes. Anyplace there was the possibility of earthquakes and it made California a Saper a safer place. Reshaped laws, construction rules mitigation. All of it happened as a result of the quake on medical centers, particularly were dealt. These huge blow is a veteran ministrations in San Fernando Valley killed 44 people, the newly as I said, the newly constructed all of you. Center in Silmara killed three people in the basement forced 2000 patients and personnel to Free. The hospital Safety Act of 1972. The next year insured that hospital buildings had to be built to a new standard or hospitals have to be retrofitted. I'm a member of Kaiser, as you know, and then Kaiser has a hospital in Appointment or Panorama City. It was a building built What 40 years ago? Maybe. And so they were gonna expand the hospital they couldn't use it is the hospital anymore because they didn't make meet earthquake standards that had passed And it's not one of those. Your grandfather didn't either. Hospitals and other buildings have to meet. Earthquake standards. And so what they did, they turned it into an office building. And build a hospital right next to it, and then as result of the quake Also, the California Geological Survey began creating maps off neck of known active faults, but they hadn't done before. And these were maps of faults that had occurred over 12,000 years. So they're out of this quake way Got the road map of Southern California in California in general, and, uh, There have been earthquakes in Idaho there. Well, a lot of it has to do with fracking to where it just changes the geology of the earth. But here in southern California, we have the San Andreas fault. I don't know if you've ever been to Palmdale. You can actually see the bulge. Where the two plates come together. And that's the Pacific Plate, and that's the one that went. It really moves is going to be the big one. San Francisco The quake of 1906 destroyed the city. I'm just wiped it out, mainly because of fire, but you'll see the buildings crumbling. Uh, the quake was the quake. I'm trying to get the year in San Marino, uh, out of Sanford Snow is the San Francisco quake and the Marina area. Where the dirt sand had become liquefied, and that's what happens in certain quakes. It just it literally becomes quicksand. The buildings come down. All of that is now taking into consideration changes everything, and that's what this Omar quake did, and because of the building codes in southern California, among the toughest in the world. The rest of the country and the world looks at these. I think the only country that comes close to what we do is Japan and in many ways technologically, they're way ahead of us. And so construction codes. It's all about the still mark Quake here in Southern California 50 years ago today and it Z. It was tough, but the good news came out of it is we now look at construction if you're building and I don't care if you're developing or building or even remodeling the reason it cost so much. Is number one, the permitting process just the cost of getting permits Permission to build here but also because of the earthquake issue. Coming up the $15 minimum wage, which is part of the new stimulus package that the president is pushing, pushing. I want to talk about the $15 and there will be two issues. I want to discuss one The financial issue. The cost the real cost legitimate argument. No question about it. The other one the sociological moral aspect of it to me, no issue whatsoever, and we'll end the show with that. Okay, if I am 6 40 let's check in with Jennifer. Well, most of the U. S. Is seeing a big decline in Cove in 19 hospitalizations that Kobe traffic tracking project says those have dropped by 10% or more in 40 States. 2021 NASCAR season.

California Southern California Mark San Fernando Valley Mark wake president Earthquake Cellmark wake NTSB San Francisco Kobe Bryant Senate Handel Gary California Geological Survey Kaiser Northridge lab technician Palmdale
"pacific plate" Discussed on NewsRadio KFBK

NewsRadio KFBK

06:58 min | 1 year ago

"pacific plate" Discussed on NewsRadio KFBK

"You like kfbk? Oh, I'm sorry. I'm using an abbreviation. That's we've been talking about the phone lines are just jammed up tonight. Okay? And I appreciate this. I felt like I was speaking on behalf of a lot of us who feel like you know what Enough is enough? Come on, Someone has to stand up and say something. Look, it's enough. Don't tell me acronyms are part of a symptom of white supremacy culture less I have to take some calls. I will finish this conversation and we have other things will get to it. Then went to lighten it up. Ken Dog will be in here that the nine o'clock hour wholesome fun with that Christopher Plummer. We lost him. So when Ken Dog comes on, we'll talk about T S O. M. Sorry. I keep doing it throughout the evening, but you know what I mean. 916921 15 31 808 34 15 30 Leslie's, and all of her has been waiting long enough, Leslie. Thank you for being patient. That wall steak you It's good to talk to you. You to Leslie adequate. Hey, Thanks for commenting. Well, Mike, you put comment on my picture Me posted. Winslow, Arizona. Oh, yes. Such a fine sight to see Leslie. Yeah, Your post. I love them. Anyways, when I was in the Navy guys who will, uh, going in reserve to be reserved versus full time. Um, you put the words in the letters together, but we call them civilians under naval training. Right? Yes. Good. Yes. Yeah, you know, open after your what? Now? That's terrible. That is terrible. Yes, sir. I'm with you. I'm with you. You know what NASA stands for, too? Unfortunately. Well, I said it a minute ago. But I'll give you let you give me a different. Yeah, need another seven astronauts. That is terrible. I hope this is not I'm not you, me and I ain't gonna ask. They need to recruit seven new astronauts. I'm just going to leave it at that, Leslie. Hopefully that's all. We'll leave it right there. Well, I was in the Navy in the first one. I was on a ship in port in Mare Island. When the first one on the space shuttle blew up in 86. Yeah, we automatically put the flags at half mast and it happened around noon. And I remember it like yesterday. I was 18 years old, and it was Yesterday was like yesterday. And yet we need this. It's no. Seven Maurin Astra, sir. It's still stings a little bit. Even after all these years like there's no real like there's no period of time where I don't know. Sometimes it just It's just I don't know. Also one last year that will go. These people would have a really, really tough time working for the military. You know there you like to use like sex death? Oh, this calm naps, of fact. Sure, the commander of the Naval Pacific Plate's surface Pacific Fleet and Yeah, they have a tough time working for the military and the government because that's all there is, is abbreviations and acronyms. Sure, And then that's that mean That's what we have in this country. That's what we have. It's supposed to make things easier, and that's what we have so I highly working man. If you were in the United States that you learn the acronyms. We're trying to make it easy for everyone, you know, And it's not just people who have a tough time with the language. You don't understand. This is you know, it's people think they can claim they can speak. Thank you. Hey, Leslie called me again, Man. It's good to hear from me. Putting that picture together on Facebook. And then here in who you Are that Yeah. What? You have a good I love you guys let you show love the end of you Love all of you. Thanks, Lizzie. Love right back to you, Brother. Thank you so much. Um, yeah, There's no statute of limitations. I don't think on Bad jokes that have to do with the tragedy. I just It's tough even after all these years. Let's take a few more calls here. These people are fired up about this. See when I say people are sick of it. I'm not kidding. You guys were proving it every call Kevin Joining us from Fair Oaks. Kevin welcome. Hey, Pat. You know it's just another one of the things that Yeah. If you're an adult, you're still holding over from when your kid on their playground people making funny idea and using Acronyms, uh, put you down, so we gotta rise above that. I guess I don't know what What's your opinion on it on like, Well, you can't. You can't skip the ball, right? You can't jump broke, right? You can't Shoes too. Who? Right? You can't Hit the football, right, Right foot. Well, so I mean, what? You got two left feet, right? You know what's wrong with you, man? You know For you, Sports guy and in school, or were you, uh And have it academic gains. I mean, you know, I was that was okay and academic side, but I enjoyed sports. Sure. Okay, so you were nerd. N e R d probably probably your nerd. You now your big mouth. You know your big mouth. No, your person on the radio, Big mouth. Let's put big mouth in acronyms. B M O You know. Come on, You know what better Okay. Okay. All right, you big big mouth. Put your big mouth in the big place. Okay, boy. Okay? So what do you got to say about that? I have no idea what you're talking about. That's what I'm gonna say about that. Thank you so much. Put your big mouth with a big boy. The big mouth. You're a nerd. I didn't know if you played sports that you are a nerd. I thought if you No, I just I thought if you were like a like a nerd, you're a nerd. I don't know. Get a big boy. You're a big boy. Got a big mouth. You got a big mouth anything about that? I agree. Have a big mouth. Yeah. You got an ugly face to pat about that? What do you know about that? We call that U F ugly face. How about that? You got an appointee opinion on that? About that ugly face, Big mouth. Um, I agree. Okay, big boy. You nerd. I don't know. I just don't.

Leslie Navy Ken Dog Christopher Plummer Mare Island Winslow Facebook NASA Arizona United States Kevin Naval Pacific Plate O. M. Mike commander Pat Lizzie Sports football Fair Oaks
"pacific plate" Discussed on 77WABC Radio

77WABC Radio

08:20 min | 1 year ago

"pacific plate" Discussed on 77WABC Radio

"With papal my colleague Gregory Copley, thinking the unthinkable not nuclear warfare, but amphibious assault offensive warfare. In the Pacific, of course, but the Mediterranean the Atlantic, All of these places are vulnerable to offensive action by bad actors or good actors. Looking to claw back territory that's been lost by annexation. We've discussed the ability of the Australians design a craft that makes sense. For the demand on speed and offloading. But what about the U. S Marine Corps? Gregory you report that the Marine Corps is thinking of, or plans to operate with the flea. Does that mean it sheds its heavy weapons. Does that mean it becomes even more mobile than it was in the Pacific War of 75 years ago? Absolutely the U. S Marine Corps. And ironically, the Roman reigns now looking at going back to their if, like their offensive, um Tiberius roles, which require much more nimble forces, the U. S Marine Corps head through the Korean War through Vietnam and so on. Really taken on the role of a second United State army. It was a very heavy force with heavy heavy artillery and the like, and that is all well and good, but what you need is to get Systems assure. Ah, you know, to be the first list with the most assenting to do that You've got to. You've got to have that capability to move things. It's got to be much lighter equipment. So the US and the Brits are both on the strange reorganizing the amphibious force is too Think too. The really, really nimble and this stern landing vessel, which was designed in Australia by sea transport solutions in 1984, and they've been involving it ever since. Has now come to the come into line with the U. S. Marine Cause plans which started in 27 Dane, but really ramped up in 2019 T change to meet this new threat environment from the People's Republic of China. So they know they have to get across the Pacific and then they're going to be able to leave a lot of trips in a lot of equipment quickly on DH, so they stand landing vessel. They're waiting for this and said the Marine Corps a CZ grabbed hold of it as an idea. So is the US Army and so is the U. S Navy. So you got the three services there. In the U. S really actively looking at this Australian design now and it will be obviously built in the United States because of the legal provisions for Building warships in the US, Let's put this put this in action. Gregory Guam, Guam Island. I'm told repeatedly. Now the Air Force and the Army and the Navy entertained. The possibility not of holding Guam but of having to take it back. Guam island is at the forward position against the People's Liberation Army Navy outside of the First island chain is the thinking now that they can claw that back with an amphibious assault. Can they do it without heavy weapons? Guam would be a challenge less. We're talking about nuclear warfare. We're talking about conventional warfare with supersonic missiles with cruise missiles being launched from the Chinese mainland. And from US bombers can amphibious assault. Imagine itself taking the island back? Yes. In Canada. It's not just about Guam in the United States is reviving is it's great network of Assets in the Pacific and South Pacific, which have been evolving since the late 19th century. But for example, right now the Seabees are part of the force involved in rebuilding facilities on Palau. Which has a compact of free association with the United States, so that at the request of the Plough government, by the way, but you've got other South Pacific states who's saying Look, the Chinese have been in here trying to buy up and control airports so that they would have if you like a pre positioning advantage. But the U. S. Is starting to believe her back against that so It's looking at getting forces out to stage through the variety of these islands. Not and hopefully not to lose Guam in the first place, but you need a variety of options. And so these these Micronesian steaks and On like Errol. Part of that That prospect in Palau is is one of the latest. Alright, let's go to Russia. Just Russia think through amphibious assault. In the north of the Arctic oceans or in the north, Long Scandinavian coast. Is Russia thinking of changing its posture? Well, it's interesting. The Russia in 2011 ordered to French Mistral class amphibious assault ship season the big flat top ones where you could Ah, a lot of helicopters or vertical takeoff fighters and the like on that That deal was canceled because of U. S sanctions for the French couldn't provide it. So now the Russians are building too. Very big. Ah, l h. He's in the 30,000 plus ton disappointments. This basement area. One of those is going to be for the Black Sea fleet and the other one is going to be for the Pacific plate. That's interesting, so they're not looking at Scandinavia or the athletic coast of this stage. They're looking at deployment through the Black Sea and into the Mediterranean, and they're looking for deployment literally against China, essentially out of Vladivostok in that region there So the Russians are working the same program, but One L HD couples of other assets in the Pacific or the Black Sea is not sufficient to to really undertake major Operations against contested shores. But that is shows which are heavily defended the same, You know, the Ah, the Argentine in 1982 were able to take the Falkland Islands because they were unopposed. They were not contested. Faces. But when the British came back ah few months later to recapture the Oakland's, of course the Argentines had built in a lot of defenses, so that was a contested You are opposed to the separation by the British and it was a very expensive one. And we think that amphibious warfare keeps getting more and Maury pensive in financial equipment and manpower Thames, But really, the cost benefit equation is about the same. In a sense since the You know that for a BBC battled Salomon one additional question. We just have a minute as the P L. A An exercised its troops for an amphibious assault on Taiwan. Is that in the playbook already, Gregory, we have a minute. Oh, well, well and truly thatjust. On August they conducted very big exercises. Ah, simulating an attack on Taiwan. They used Army Billy Ground Forces Marine Corps, maybe to simulate that a soldier. They talked about rolling on from that to take over some of the lesser islands of the Republic of China, Taiwan They don't really have the equipment to do a major landing on Taiwan. At this stage. They've got two thirds under under construction. Of the of their cities, which are in that 30,000 ton range as well. Ah, they Yushin class landing helicopter, Doc. Vessels, and they need a lot more than that, because to get across the Taiwan Strait is not an easy time, and that would be against the heavily defended Gregory Copley, editor and publisher of Defense and Foreign Affairs, Amphibious assault offensive assault in the 21st century. I'm John Bachelor. This is the John Baxter..

assault Pacific Guam United States U. S Marine Corps Taiwan Marine Corps Guam Island Russia Army Billy Ground Forces Marin Gregory Copley Black Sea Gregory Gregory Guam Palau US Army Mediterranean United State army South Pacific Taiwan Strait
"pacific plate" Discussed on 710 WOR

710 WOR

06:28 min | 1 year ago

"pacific plate" Discussed on 710 WOR

"Funny story on pays six about your buddy Geraldo Rivera. Nome? Yeah, the war are the Riveras Geraldo versus his wife, Erika. Outside. There are house in Shaker Heights, Ohio, There is a Biden hair assign a normal Biden, Hera sign and then next to it is a sign that's handmade, and it's pointing to the Biden Harris sign. And it says wife on Ly husband is undecided, leaning towards President Trump, but may vote for Kanye and then he has a picture of himself, You know, with the famous moustache. Below and we come to find out. They've been fighting about this for a long time because she's I know them and she's a rabid anti trump person. And he is, you know, don't know Donald Trump for years just growing as a friend. Yeah, on In fact, if you go to Twitter One of the few people that President Trump follows outside of his kids and a couple people in his administration is Geraldo Rivera. So I think part of that is he feels he's an influencer, and he can tweet stuff to the president and gets right to him. But I also think he thinks that President Trump would be good for another four years. So so the to battle it out, But I think if they were to come on, I think they would tell you. The best part of battling is, of course, making up. You know, usually ends up in the bedroom. So that's kind of fun. Whoa! Okay, yeah. Pacific Plate and here, although celebrating 50 years in television, quite an accomplishment. All right, let's get to the phones. 803 2107 10 Betty in Smith down, Betty, you get to lead us off this morning. Okay. I have a quick question under President Obama's administration. Joe Biden was told that he had Teo cure cancer if you recall that he was put in charge of a four year plan to cure cancer. After his son passed away, Right war on cancer, right? Yeah, worrying what happened? Well, I'm sure they're working on a better company that he had. He had a four year game cleared, like puts a man on the moon situation. Also one other thing on the side. My mother passed away. In a nursing home, and it was from Cove it and there are a lot of people who will not forgive Andrew Cuomo for letting influx of people who had covert come into the nursing home. My mother was perfectly healthy, perfectly healthy. She clawed it. She passed away two months after she got it. And it's a really really sad situation in our home did wonderful with her, but the situation that he did it, and then he reversed it, and he's allowed to get away with that. We're investigating a couple of nursing homes and NASA accounting now the New York State attorney general, So there's a There's a little problem there and Children. Thank you, gentlemen. You're wonderful. I love you will Thank you. And I'm so sorry about your mom. Thanks, but terrible. Alan in Eatontown. You're on Lenin, Michael on a Michael free Monday. Good morning. If you go back to the last Democratic debate with Joe Biden and Bernie was actually making fun of the fires, because, remember how they touched hands and like they just they actually make in front of it, so they were downplaying it by shutting down the country. I'm not really sure that's downplaying it. And you don't want people in a panic you because everything You couldn't get toilet paper. Imagine that we couldn't get we wouldn't be able to get anything you really went at it. And so the Democrats now are downplaying the violence. So they're saying they're responsible for everything Nadler inside. There's no antifa, so they're they're actually denying and lion, not just downplaying it. And they're saying that it's hurting your recovery. So they actually would be a suicide rates were opioids and everything. They're downplaying that. So you know, you know what they say about the glass houses so and that thing with will drove that Trump actually say about the 600,000 already Woodrow justice and got into the comments could I haven't heard that. 600,000. What's he talking about? Then would it would've ran it And because he is a CNN. They had ahh, Netflix guy on this weekend, and it didn't even ask him anything about the little kids that Movie or whatever it is. They got out with the kids. They way we gotta run. You lost me about halfway through, But thank you for the call. How about Who? Our buddy Laura in Harlem. Hi, Laura. How are you today? Hi. How are you? I'll be very quick. I know we impressed with time. But, you know, it's just I'm just wondering, it must be very conflicting land for our Children. What's that? I'm sorry someone came in. Oh, I'm sorry and And and we hear they're ready to find people for wearing a mask. And then we have all president that have all these open door events, etcetera. It must be very conflicted. And the bottom line is this man. I mean, even though there was trouble we could say we're calm. Oh, there was trouble with the president. But right now why people being protected by the president White right now we are still dying. Thank you and have a good day off. Thank you, Laure. Take another one. OK? How about Jerry in Brooklyn? You're on Lenin, Michael. We lose you, John Cole. Jerry there? Yes, I'm here. How you go for it? A great first time, Colin. I've got a little while ago when I got title, the rhetoric on the other channels and ah based my comments. Listen, do we have to do you have a run on toilet paper in the end of the beginning of March? Tosco lines around the building four apples to get into the door. You tell people the sky's falling kids of our rescue party we're gonna do Happened to blame the president that the governor's in charge because and what do you need? What you need? Here You go take everything. All right. I hear you, Jerry. Thanks for the call Bell. You saying what he's defending the president? You staying? Calm? Yeah. What you got to say? I say it's time to take a break. Come on. I know. You know, I wanted that I have said it before. I just wanted them to tell the truth, but I guess is Jack Nicholson said he just can't handle the truth. Come out next. Look who's turning 100. And look who isn't invited to the party. Plus the return of Alex Trebek and jeopardy coming up next, Bernie, Vital your W O R traffic heading into town.

president President Trump Joe Biden Geraldo Rivera President Obama Jerry Biden Harris cancer Lenin Shaker Heights Bernie Erika Twitter Nome Michael Ohio Andrew Cuomo Ly Jack Nicholson Kanye
"pacific plate" Discussed on True Mysteries of the Pacific Northwest

True Mysteries of the Pacific Northwest

05:13 min | 1 year ago

"pacific plate" Discussed on True Mysteries of the Pacific Northwest

"Welcome to kiss myths and mystery cyber host Kit crump. Today I'm doing a podcast on the mega quake the Pacific northwest past and future, and there will be a special note to those of you lived in the Pacific northwest at the end of this podcast. Subduction zone earthquakes have occurred every three hundred and fifty years since six hundred BC with the most recent taking place January twenty six, seventeen o, one evidence for the earlier quakes comes from core samples taken from the ocean floor. The seventeen o one quite caused several coastal regions of Washington and Oregon to drop sixty six feet massive coastal storms during one, thousand, nine, hundred, Ninety, seven, and ninety eight washed away tons of sand revealing hundreds of stumps. The remnants of Sitka spruce forest it is through a combination of carbon dating and the county. Of Rings the date of last cascade subduction zone or C. S. Z. quake took place. The Earth's surface is made up of seven major plates in many smaller ones. The smaller plates creator quakes for Short Durations Fourteen to forty five seconds that may reach nine point five on the Richter scale. They often take place of what is called. The fault line between plays the smaller plates, March Eleven, twenty eleven Japan experience us abduction zone quick that lasted more than four minutes at nine point one on the Richter scale, it was the fourth most powerful. Earthquake. In the world sense modern record taking began in one thousand, nine, hundred shake created a Su- Nami that reached a hundred and thirty three feet and moved to six miles inland. It move Japan's main island, of Honshu, eight feet and shifted the earth on its axis between four and ten inches. This wasn't earthquake created by the shifting of the Pacific Plate finally to help put earthquakes in perspective the. Loma prieta quake that interrupted the nineteen eighty nine world series in San. Francisco California lasted fifteen seconds the Great San Francisco earthquake of nineteen. Th Six was eight point six lashes forty five seconds, but Japan's greater earthquake of twenty eleven lasted over four minutes at nine point. One of the Richter scale based on data from Oregon see geographer Patrick or run and Usgs Alaska Science Center true mysteries of the. Pacific. Northwest will now tour the predicted minute by minute impact of cascade subduction zone earthquake on the Oregon coast after three, hundred, twelve years the C. S. Z. can no longer take the strain. Now this is conjecture. So hang in there with me after three hundred, twelve years CS. Can. No longer take the strain. It ruptures at a spot fifty, five miles west of Cannon Beach Oregon, and quickly spread. So long seven hundred miles of its length from British Columbia to Mendocino California the north. American plate slips fifty seven feet to the southwest sliding over the Juan de Fuca plate. But remember we're talking about a crust more than fifty miles deep. First Movement sends a pressure wave that travels through the Earth's crust thirteen, thousand miles an hour it will reach. The West Coast in ten seconds the leading edge will hit Oregon's Kennett beach and seaside thirty seconds slater. It reaches Portland Oregon in fifty seconds it has Seattle at nine point. One is what seismologist call a full rip me cities can withstand six point eight, quake lasting forty, five seconds but the difference between a forty second and four minute earthquake is like the difference between a head on collision at four miles an hour and forty miles an hour within three minutes as. A shaking continues the coast will drop from six to twenty five feet after five minutes. The worst is over for Portland and Seattle. It will have suffered from ground liquefication billets will collapse gas buyers will kerr citywide after six minutes, people seeking high ground to avoid the soon, Nami will be impeded by debris and driving. We'll be an impossibility at eight minutes to soon nominee will be about twenty five miles offshore. It approaches like an enormous high tide but flash floods speed. The leading edge will only be inches, but will increase to forty feet is predicted that the cascade subduction zone quake would create twice the impact lice the impact of Japan's great quake of two thousand eleven keep in mind that by the time you finish listening to this podcast, there will have been earthquakes all over the world, but mostly from the smaller plates I said at the beginning of this podcast will be a special note for those of you in the Pacific. Northwest. Has said that in the event of a quake, we would lose most of our overpasses both in Washington and Oregon creating huge problems with transporting food and supplies to various cities like Corvallis, where you gene and they would not go out and repair those roads. They would instead maintain what had no overpasses. This is kid chrome. Thanks for listening..

Earthquake Cannon Beach Oregon Japan Oregon Pacific Washington West Coast Portland Seattle Pacific Plate Kit crump San Su- Nami Juan de Fuca First Movement Francisco California Usgs Alaska Science Center
"pacific plate" Discussed on True Mysteries of the Pacific Northwest

True Mysteries of the Pacific Northwest

04:32 min | 1 year ago

"pacific plate" Discussed on True Mysteries of the Pacific Northwest

"Today we're going to look at the Cascadia subduction zone, and what could be a mega quake the Pacific northwest subduction zone earthquakes have occurred every three hundred fifty years since six hundred BC with the most recent taking place January twenty six seventeen o one evidence for earlier quakes come from core samples taken from the. The Ocean floor, and from rings counted in the Ghost forest that I'll talk about a little bit later. The seventeen hundred quake caused several coastal regions, Washington and Oregon to drop sixty six feet, massive coastal storms during nine, hundred and ninety, seven, Ninety, eight, washed away tons and tons of sand, revealing hundreds of stumps, the remnants of a Sitka spruce forced. It is through. Through a combination of carbon dating an accounting of rings that the data, the last Cascadia subduction zone or C. S. Z. quake took place. The Earth's surface is made up of seven major plates and many smaller ones. The smaller plates creator earthquakes for short durations of fourteen forty five seconds at may reach nine point five on the Richter scale. They often take place of. Of Water call faultlines between plates March Eleventh Twenty Eleven Japan experience a subduction zone. Quite that lasted more than four minutes at nine point one on the Richter scale. It was a fourth, most powerful or quake in the world. Since modern recording began in nineteen, hundred shake created a Su- Nami, the reached a hundred and thirty three feet and mood six miles inland google. Google Japan's main island upon shoot, eight feet in shifted the earth on its axis between four and ten inches, this was an earthquake created by the shifting of the Pacific Plate finally to help put earthquakes in perspective, the long Prieta quake that interrupted the nineteen eighty nine world series in San Francisco. California lasted fifteen seconds the Great San Francisco earthquake of nineteen six was. was eight point six that lasted forty five seconds, but Japan's greater earthquake of twenty eleven lasted over four minutes at nine point, one of the Richter scale based on data from Oregon see geographer Patrick Corcoran and Usgs Alaska, science center kiss, missing mysteries will now tour the predicted minute by minute impact of Cascadia. Subduction Zone earthquake on the Oregon coast after three hundred twelve. Twelve years to see S Z could no longer take the strain it ruptures at a spot fifty five miles west of Cannon Beach Oregon and quickly spreads along the seven hundred miles of its length from British Columbia to Mendocino California. The North American plate slips fifty seven feet to the south. West sliding over the Wanda Fuca plate, but remember we're talking about across more. More than fifty miles deep, the first movement sons pressure wave that soapy way that travels through the Earth's crust at thirteen thousand miles an hour, it will reach the West Coast in ten seconds. The leading edge will hit Oregon's cannon beach and seaside thirty seconds later. It reaches Portland in fifty seconds his Seattle at nine point one is what seismologist call a full rip? Most cities can withstand a six point. Eight quake lasted about forty five seconds, but the difference between a forty second, and a four-minute quake has like the difference between a head on collision at four miles, an hour and forty miles an hour within three minutes shaking continues, the coast will drop from six to twenty five feet after five minutes. The worst is over for Portland and Seattle it will have suffered from ground liquefication Berlin will collapse, and they'll be gas fires citywide after six. Six minutes people seeking high ground to avoid the soon. NAMI will be impeded by debris driving. We'll be an impossibility at eight minutes. Nami will be about twenty five miles offshore. It approaches like an enormous high tide, but a flash flood speed leading edge will only be inches, but will increase to forty feet as predicted that the cascadia subduction zone quake would create twice the impact of Japan's great quake twenty eleven. Keep in mind the by the time you finish listening to this. There will have been earthquakes somewhere in the world. The Pacific

Cannon Beach Oregon Japan West Coast Portland Su- Nami Seattle Oregon San Francisco Google Sitka Patrick Corcoran Wanda Fuca Pacific Plate Washington California Mendocino California British Columbia Usgs Alaska
The Cascadia Subduction Zone

True Mysteries of the Pacific Northwest

04:32 min | 1 year ago

The Cascadia Subduction Zone

"Today we're going to look at the Cascadia subduction zone, and what could be a mega quake the Pacific northwest subduction zone earthquakes have occurred every three hundred fifty years since six hundred BC with the most recent taking place January twenty six seventeen o one evidence for earlier quakes come from core samples taken from the. The Ocean floor, and from rings counted in the Ghost forest that I'll talk about a little bit later. The seventeen hundred quake caused several coastal regions, Washington and Oregon to drop sixty six feet, massive coastal storms during nine, hundred and ninety, seven, Ninety, eight, washed away tons and tons of sand, revealing hundreds of stumps, the remnants of a Sitka spruce forced. It is through. Through a combination of carbon dating an accounting of rings that the data, the last Cascadia subduction zone or C. S. Z. quake took place. The Earth's surface is made up of seven major plates and many smaller ones. The smaller plates creator earthquakes for short durations of fourteen forty five seconds at may reach nine point five on the Richter scale. They often take place of. Of Water call faultlines between plates March Eleventh Twenty Eleven Japan experience a subduction zone. Quite that lasted more than four minutes at nine point one on the Richter scale. It was a fourth, most powerful or quake in the world. Since modern recording began in nineteen, hundred shake created a Su- Nami, the reached a hundred and thirty three feet and mood six miles inland google. Google Japan's main island upon shoot, eight feet in shifted the earth on its axis between four and ten inches, this was an earthquake created by the shifting of the Pacific Plate finally to help put earthquakes in perspective, the long Prieta quake that interrupted the nineteen eighty nine world series in San Francisco. California lasted fifteen seconds the Great San Francisco earthquake of nineteen six was. was eight point six that lasted forty five seconds, but Japan's greater earthquake of twenty eleven lasted over four minutes at nine point, one of the Richter scale based on data from Oregon see geographer Patrick Corcoran and Usgs Alaska, science center kiss, missing mysteries will now tour the predicted minute by minute impact of Cascadia. Subduction Zone earthquake on the Oregon coast after three hundred twelve. Twelve years to see S Z could no longer take the strain it ruptures at a spot fifty five miles west of Cannon Beach Oregon and quickly spreads along the seven hundred miles of its length from British Columbia to Mendocino California. The North American plate slips fifty seven feet to the south. West sliding over the Wanda Fuca plate, but remember we're talking about across more. More than fifty miles deep, the first movement sons pressure wave that soapy way that travels through the Earth's crust at thirteen thousand miles an hour, it will reach the West Coast in ten seconds. The leading edge will hit Oregon's cannon beach and seaside thirty seconds later. It reaches Portland in fifty seconds his Seattle at nine point one is what seismologist call a full rip? Most cities can withstand a six point. Eight quake lasted about forty five seconds, but the difference between a forty second, and a four-minute quake has like the difference between a head on collision at four miles, an hour and forty miles an hour within three minutes shaking continues, the coast will drop from six to twenty five feet after five minutes. The worst is over for Portland and Seattle it will have suffered from ground liquefication Berlin will collapse, and they'll be gas fires citywide after six. Six minutes people seeking high ground to avoid the soon. NAMI will be impeded by debris driving. We'll be an impossibility at eight minutes. Nami will be about twenty five miles offshore. It approaches like an enormous high tide, but a flash flood speed leading edge will only be inches, but will increase to forty feet as predicted that the cascadia subduction zone quake would create twice the impact of Japan's great quake twenty eleven. Keep in mind the by the time you finish listening to this. There will have been earthquakes somewhere in the world. The Pacific

Cannon Beach Oregon Japan West Coast Portland Su- Nami Seattle Oregon San Francisco Google Pacific Plate Sitka Patrick Corcoran Wanda Fuca Washington California Mendocino California British Columbia Usgs Alaska
"pacific plate" Discussed on True Mysteries of the Pacific Northwest

True Mysteries of the Pacific Northwest

04:35 min | 1 year ago

"pacific plate" Discussed on True Mysteries of the Pacific Northwest

"Welcome to kiss myths and mysteries I your host kit chrome today we're going to look at the Cascadia subduction zone, and what could be a mega quake, the Pacific northwest subduction zone earthquakes have occurred every three hundred fifty years since six hundred BC with the most recent taking place January twenty six seventeen o, one evidence for earlier quakes come from core samples taken from. From the ocean floor, and from rings counted in the Ghost forest that I'll talk about a little bit later. The seventeen hundred quake caused several coastal regions Washington and Oregon to drop sixty six feet, massive coastal storms during nine, hundred and ninety, seven, Ninety, eight, washed away tons and tons of sand, revealing hundreds of stumps, the remnants of a Sitka spruce forced it is. Is through a combination of carbon dating an account of rings that the data, the last Cascadia subduction zone or C. S. Z. quake took place. The Earth's surface is made up of seven major plates and many smaller ones. The smaller plates creator quakes for short durations of fourteen forty five seconds at may reach nine point five on the Richter scale. They often take place. Place of water call faultlines between plates. March eleventh twenty. Eleven Japan experience a subduction zone quite that lasted more than four minutes at nine point one on the Richter scale, it was a fourth, most powerful or quake in the world, since modern recording began in nineteen, hundred shake created a Su- Nami the reached a hundred and thirty three feet and mood six miles inland. Inland Google Japan's main island upon shoot eight feet in shifted the earth on its axis between four and ten inches, this was an earthquake created by the shifting of the Pacific Plate finally to help put earthquakes in perspective, the long Prieta quake that interrupted the nineteen eighty nine world series in San Francisco. California lasted fifteen seconds the Great San Francisco earthquake of nineteen six. Six was eight point six that lasted forty five seconds, but Japan's greater earthquake of twenty eleven lasted over four minutes at nine point, one of the Richter scale based on data from Oregon see geographer, Patrick Corcoran, and Usgs Alaska Science. Center kiss missing mysteries will now tour the predicted minute by minute impact of Cascadia, subduction zone earthquake on the Oregon coast after three hundred. Hundred twelve years to see S. Z could no longer take the strain. It ruptures at a spot fifty five miles west of Cannon Beach Oregon and quickly spreads along the seven hundred miles of its length from British Columbia to Mendocino California. The North American. Plate slips fifty seven feet to the South West sliding over the Wanda Fuca plate, but remember we're talking about across. Across more than fifty miles deep the first movement sons pressure wave that soapy way that travels through the Earth's crust. At thirteen thousand miles an hour, it will reach the West Coast in ten seconds. The leading edge will hit Oregon's cannon beach seaside thirty seconds slater. It reaches Portland in fifty seconds hit Seattle at nine point one is what seismologist call a full rip? Most cities can withstand a six point. Eight quake lasted about forty five seconds, but the difference between a forty second, and a four-minute quake has like the difference between a head on collision at four miles, an hour and forty miles an hour within three minutes shaking continues, the coast will drop from six to twenty five feet after five minutes. The worst is over for Portland and Seattle. It will have suffered from ground liquefication Berlin will collapse and they'll be gas fires citywide after six. Six minutes people seeking high ground to avoid the soon. NAMI will be impeded by debris driving. We'll be an impossibility at eight minutes. Nami will be about twenty five miles offshore. It approaches like an enormous high tide, but a flash flood speed leading edge will only be inches, but will increase to forty feet as predicted that the cascadia subduction zone quake would create twice the impact of Japan's great quake twenty eleven. Keep in mind the by the time you finish listening to this. There will have been earthquakes somewhere in the world..

Cannon Beach Oregon Japan Pacific Plate Oregon West Coast Portland Seattle San Francisco Su- Nami Sitka Washington Google California Patrick Corcoran Wanda Fuca Usgs Alaska Science Mendocino California British Columbia
"pacific plate" Discussed on True Mysteries of the Pacific Northwest

True Mysteries of the Pacific Northwest

04:59 min | 1 year ago

"pacific plate" Discussed on True Mysteries of the Pacific Northwest

"Welcome to kids Smith and mystery your host kid crumb today. We're GONNA look at several events that were predicted. And of course we'll start with our current pandemic predicted seventeen years ago by science. If you still believe in science and is this a first well of course not you can look back. A hundred years to the nineteen eighteen. Banish flu epidemic tremendous number of similarities. Between on then. And what's going on now but we're going to leave that behind. Don't look at earthquakes. Also predicted are subduction zone. Earthquakes have occurred every three hundred and fifty years said six hundred BC with the most recent taking place January twenty six seventeen o one evidence for the earlier quakes or predictions comes from core samples taken from the ocean floor. The seventeen hundred quake caused several coastal regions are both Washington and Oregon to drop sixty six feet. Massive coastal storms during the nineteen ninety seven and ninety eight storms washed away tons of sand revealing hundreds of stumps the remnants of Sitka spruce forest. It is through a combination of carbon dating and counting of rings. That the date of the last cascade subduction zone or C. S. Z. Quake place the Earth. Surfaces made up of seven major plates in many smaller ones. The smaller place creator quakes for short durations of fourteen to forty five seconds it may reach nine point five on the Richter scale. They often take place at what is called the fault line between plates March Eleventh. Two Thousand Eleven Japanese experience subduction zone quite that lasted more than four minutes at a nine point one. On the Richter scale it was the fourth most powerful earthquake in the world since modern record taking began in nineteen hundred to shake created a soon nami that reached one hundred thirty three feet and move six miles inland. It moved Japan's main island of Honshu. Eight feet and shifted the earth on its axis between four and ten inches. This was an earthquake created by the shifting of the Pacific Plate Vialli to help put earthquakes in perspective the Loma Prieta quake that interrupted the nineteen eighty nine world series in San Francisco. California lasted fifteen seconds. The Great San Francisco earthquake of Nineteen. Six was eight point six and it lasted. Forty five seconds but Japan's greater earthquake of twenty eleven lasted over four minutes at nine point one on the Richter scale based on data from Oregon. Siochana Oceana Graphic Person Patrick Corcoran and US GS is Alaska. Science Center true mysteries of the Pacific northwest will now who are predicted. Minute by minute. Impact of a Cascadia subduction zone earthquake on the Oregon coast get this after three hundred twelve years the CS is he could no longer take the strain. It ruptures a spot fifty five miles west of Cannon Beach Oregon and quickly spreads along the seven hundred miles of length from British Columbia to Mendocino California. The North American plate slips fifty seven feet to the South West sliding over the one to Fuca plate. But remember we're talking about a crushed more than fifty miles deep. The first movement sends a pressure wave that travels through the Earth's crust at thirteen thousand miles an hour it will reach the West Coast in ten seconds. The leading edge will hit cannon beach and seaside thirty seconds later it reaches Portland Oregon in fifty seconds at his Seattle at nine point one. It's what Size Malla. Just call a full rip. Most cities can withstand a six point eight quake last year forty five seconds. But the difference between a forty second and a four-minute quake is like the difference between a head on collision at four miles an hour and forty miles an hour within three minutes. Shaking continues the coast will drop from six to twenty five feet after five minutes. The worst is over for Portland and Seattle will have suffered from ground. Liquefication building collapsed gas fires citywide after six minutes. People seeking high ground to avoid the SU- NAMI will be impeded by debris and driving will be almost impossible at eight minutes to Sonoma will be about twenty five miles offshore. It approaches like an enormous high tide but flash floods speed. The leading edge will only be inches but it will increase to forty feet is predicted that the cascade subduction zone quake would create twice the impact of Japan's great quake of twenty eleven. Keep in mind that by the time you finish listening to this podcast. There will earthquake somewhere in the world. The Pacific northwest mega quake was researched. Here at.

Oregon Japan San Francisco Patrick Corcoran West Coast Portland Pacific Plate Vialli Seattle Cannon Beach Oregon Smith flu Fuca plate California Science Center Size Malla Sonoma Washington Alaska Loma Prieta
Prediction

True Mysteries of the Pacific Northwest

04:54 min | 1 year ago

Prediction

"Welcome to kids Smith and mystery your host kid crumb today. We're GONNA look at several events that were predicted. And of course we'll start with our current pandemic predicted seventeen years ago by science. If you still believe in science and is this a first well of course not you can look back. A hundred years to the nineteen eighteen. Banish flu epidemic tremendous number of similarities. Between on then. And what's going on now but we're going to leave that behind. Don't look at earthquakes. Also predicted are subduction zone. Earthquakes have occurred every three hundred and fifty years said six hundred BC with the most recent taking place January twenty six seventeen o one evidence for the earlier quakes or predictions comes from core samples taken from the ocean floor. The seventeen hundred quake caused several coastal regions are both Washington and Oregon to drop sixty six feet. Massive coastal storms during the nineteen ninety seven and ninety eight storms washed away tons of sand revealing hundreds of stumps the remnants of Sitka spruce forest. It is through a combination of carbon dating and counting of rings. That the date of the last cascade subduction zone or C. S. Z. Quake place the Earth. Surfaces made up of seven major plates in many smaller ones. The smaller place creator quakes for short durations of fourteen to forty five seconds it may reach nine point five on the Richter scale. They often take place at what is called the fault line between plates March Eleventh. Two Thousand Eleven Japanese experience subduction zone quite that lasted more than four minutes at a nine point one. On the Richter scale it was the fourth most powerful earthquake in the world since modern record taking began in nineteen hundred to shake created a soon nami that reached one hundred thirty three feet and move six miles inland. It moved Japan's main island of Honshu. Eight feet and shifted the earth on its axis between four and ten inches. This was an earthquake created by the shifting of the Pacific Plate Vialli to help put earthquakes in perspective the Loma Prieta quake that interrupted the nineteen eighty nine world series in San Francisco. California lasted fifteen seconds. The Great San Francisco earthquake of Nineteen. Six was eight point six and it lasted. Forty five seconds but Japan's greater earthquake of twenty eleven lasted over four minutes at nine point one on the Richter scale based on data from Oregon. Siochana Oceana Graphic Person Patrick Corcoran and US GS is Alaska. Science Center true mysteries of the Pacific northwest will now who are predicted. Minute by minute. Impact of a Cascadia subduction zone earthquake on the Oregon coast get this after three hundred twelve years the CS is he could no longer take the strain. It ruptures a spot fifty five miles west of Cannon Beach Oregon and quickly spreads along the seven hundred miles of length from British Columbia to Mendocino California. The North American plate slips fifty seven feet to the South West sliding over the one to Fuca plate. But remember we're talking about a crushed more than fifty miles deep. The first movement sends a pressure wave that travels through the Earth's crust at thirteen thousand miles an hour it will reach the West Coast in ten seconds. The leading edge will hit cannon beach and seaside thirty seconds later it reaches Portland Oregon in fifty seconds at his Seattle at nine point one. It's what Size Malla. Just call a full rip. Most cities can withstand a six point eight quake last year forty five seconds. But the difference between a forty second and a four-minute quake is like the difference between a head on collision at four miles an hour and forty miles an hour within three minutes. Shaking continues the coast will drop from six to twenty five feet after five minutes. The worst is over for Portland and Seattle will have suffered from ground. Liquefication building collapsed gas fires citywide after six minutes. People seeking high ground to avoid the SU- NAMI will be impeded by debris and driving will be almost impossible at eight minutes to Sonoma will be about twenty five miles offshore. It approaches like an enormous high tide but flash floods speed. The leading edge will only be inches but it will increase to forty feet is predicted that the cascade subduction zone quake would create twice the impact of Japan's great quake of twenty eleven. Keep in mind that by the time you finish listening to this podcast. There will earthquake somewhere in the

Oregon Japan San Francisco Patrick Corcoran West Coast Portland Seattle Pacific Plate Vialli Cannon Beach Oregon Smith FLU Sonoma Fuca Plate California Science Center Size Malla Washington Alaska Loma Prieta
Tourists missing after deadly New Zealand volcano eruption

Dr. Daliah

06:26 min | 2 years ago

Tourists missing after deadly New Zealand volcano eruption

"So many of us woke up here in this tragic news of white islands located twenty nine miles off of new Zealand's North Island had erupted five people confirmed dead and eighteen injured and more than twenty people are thought to be missing police say there have been no signs of life from the island no more survivors are expected to be found rescuers have been unable to land on the island but they say a number of helicopters have passed overhead and they are asking that if anybody was on the island with misdirection to reach out to Chris Pleasants at mail online dot com so no signs of life after a volcanic eruption that happened at two eleven PM their local time there were an estimated fifty tourists around the crater eighteen survivors are evacuated some suffered severe burns there's been an estimated twenty seven people unaccounted for police say the number of messages in the double figures but refused to give an exact figure Australian prime minister Scott Morrison said twenty four Australians were visiting the island at the time of the disaster three Britons we don't know how many Americans rescuers have so far been unable to get onto the island because the land slides and for the Russians there are a number of rescue helicopters that are already trying to look and they didn't flying all all throughout the night their time officials said early Tuesday and that's Tuesday their time but no signs of life have been seen at any point and they are not expected to find anybody else alive which means the death toll could be as high as thirty two so this is what Corey what Corey is known as a white island twenty nine miles looking off new Zealand's in Northern Ireland they said the plumes of smoke and debris went about twelve thousand feet into the sky and I guess this is a very popular tourist attraction you see people involves taking pictures of this they were likely to be in a boat when this happened you see people trying to get into a vote from the island and the place is completely covered in ash for you know talking about is a real great island why is it a tourist site will it's a great because of the ash kids barely a beautiful island you just can't tell because there's absolutely so you want to see a video footage people screaming to get inside the vote right and to as they need to get away from the flames of the pools are a lot of scrambling lot of chaos and you know they say this is a very active volcano and so we're not sure why people would the I don't not sure why they would be tourists there if there was an active volcano Tony von former mayor of the nearby town of all cuddly said that a guide for the white island towards company was among those killed most of the Australians caught up in the disaster are thought to be passengers of the ovation of the seas cruise liner it departed Sydney last week speaking earlier Monday New Zealand prime minister Justin the ardour and said they were never chores from her country and overseas on the island at the time all royal Caribbean owner of a vision of the seas issue the same as in the ship would stay in the nearby port of Toronto overnight until we learn more about the situation some fairly wide island is new Zealand's most active volcano courts Daily Mail and had seen its last major eruption in two thousand was smaller events over the years officials said it's unlikely the volcano will erupt again in the next twenty four hours but obviously people are warned to stay away from I'm they're worried about tsunamis that can now happen earthquakes and other sorts of possible unrest geological hazard trekkers gill net is registered motor volcanic unrest on the island for weeks but the nature of organic activities and predictable with the eruption unforeseen so family there's a camera on the critters ram run by gill nets and they take pictures every ten minutes and you see a string of people visiting the crater the next shot taken into twenty was unreadable which means people were there at the crater when a blue so yes I crazy up really experts say that this was a disaster waiting to happen what island was always quote too dangerous for the number two was was in the aisles experts said and the warranty people of risa for the blast landslides they say emeritus professor ray costs from mo not universally branded the island as by its may ori Nemo cari quote a disaster waiting to happen for many years he said I've always felt there was too dangerous to allow daily tour groups that visit the uninhabited island by boat or helicopter nearly back in nineteen fourteen the small money committee on the island was wiped out because falling rocks weekend by the island's volcanic activity strip the village so they thought a Pacific plate that moved westward underneath the Indo Australian plate where New Zealand sits on the rock pushed underneath melts turns into macula fills with gases the hot rocks creek circulation patterns underneath volcano than sting breaks through the rocks a buildup of pressure accumulated direction sites in the rocks hold back the pressure breaks gas rapidly release and then you have the volcanic eruption so mining activities when bands of the island has been uninhabited now for more than a century but still a hot spot for to resell because of okay and she'll net news it was the logical hazard information center as far as what island as it was most active cold volcano only the top is visible with eighty percent under water so we'll keep you guys posted it is so tragic and again you just don't know why this was such an active tourist spot I mean I saw Dante's peak I am done these be they said they could pick up farmers and they could check for soul for in the water and there's like all sorts of stuff that they could do but apparently it's one of those things where it might have been you know like other boy cried wolf and so maybe they just kind of took it for granted so unfortunately as we hear more about who passed will keep you

New Zealand Twelve Thousand Feet Twenty Four Hours Eighty Percent Ten Minutes
"pacific plate" Discussed on KLBJ 590AM

KLBJ 590AM

05:00 min | 2 years ago

"pacific plate" Discussed on KLBJ 590AM

"By losing seven percent of your body weight as an example fifteen pounds if you weigh two hundred pounds exercising my. moderately wrist walking thirty minutes a day five days a week avoid all white bread opt for proper nickel avoid white rice and potatoes upper high protein and less carbohydrates and for the best health make sure for men your waistline is not above forty inches and for women thirty five inches now the journal clinical nutrition found that people who took her coming. commend turmeric buyers to maximize your ego that improve blood levels of all three bio markers associated with diabetes as well as reducing fasting blood sugar and hemoglobin A. one C. well in the best way thank you Kristin the best way is to lose a little weight Christians website my heart book dot com it's all part of our Twitter feed by the way so I hope you're part of that a Texas woman has been charged with theft and child endangerment after police found exotic animals living in the same house as her fourteen year old daughter with her fourteen year old daughter Tricia Meyer arrested after a months long investigation into her Houston home found that several wild animals lived in that house three Tigers a skunk of fox's Wallace several monkeys in the house imagine of scientists discovered that an asteroid was on its way toward Los Angeles the possibility has existed on the pages of Hollywood scraps but in what may be a case of life intimidating art NASA in the Federal Emergency Management Agency FEMA and other government agencies engaged in a planetary protection exercise to consider the dividend a stadium consequences of three hundred and thirty foot asteroid hitting the earth the simulation projected a worst case blast wave by an asteroid strike in twenty twenty that good level structures across thirty miles requiring a mass evacuation of LA causing tens of thousands of casualties I wonder what they know that we don't and I went outside the moments before air time to just take a look again at the super moon it it is fantastic. I haven't seen that in sixty eight years let's check in with doctor sky boy was it big tonight George absolutely fantastic this entire weekend I think more eyeballs I think you would agree have been peering toward the moon and you're so right we're out tonight doing a public program about a hundred people and I'm sure all over the country and around the world but something fascinating has to be reported about this particular super mon a researcher named Nigel gray apparently put out a Facebook posting back on November six saying that there could be indeed some earthquakes associated with the close proximity of the moon a we've heard this before but we do know sadly the two major earthquakes have taken place on planet earth right around the time of the Superbowl and one of course in Christchurch New Zealand and then another one about a six point eight here in of course the nation of Argentina something fascinating to report about this George is that with these particular earth quakes observers and people with their video cameras and smartphones iPhone such an android phones been seeing blue and green flashes of light in the sky extremely mysterious right around the time of the Australian earthquake measuring with the Australian plate literally collided with the Pacific plate so here's the bottom line more more research the university of Tokyo has been talking about this for a long time the proximity of the moon obviously the super moon and the induction or incidents higher incidence of earthquakes needs to be studied and I'm sure they'll be studying more but in the lines guy always exciting things George to talk about don't forget in spite of all the bright moonlight this week we reached the peak of another of the great meteor showers called the Leonids it occurs on the morning of the seventeenth best way to see it looking to the east from three AM till sunrise but the only drawback is still some bright light of the moon these particular meteors come from comet Tempel Tuttle it was around the sun once every thirty three years of use finally as he is there from this the brief. blown out of the comet's tail in the year fifteen thirty three and finally with the song we haven't talked about that in a long time since what activity may be low but phenomenon known as corona holes beating that this is an opening in the sun sports to the surface is sending higher and faster streams of solar particles the solar wind thus causing greater world displays in both the northern and southern hemispheres doctors guy reminds everyone always the always remember to keep your eyes to the skies thank you Stephen occurring again.

George FEMA Los Angeles Tempel Tuttle Twitter Tigers Tricia Meyer NASA Kristin Texas Nigel gray Facebook Hollywood Houston theft university of Tokyo endangerment Christchurch New Zealand
"pacific plate" Discussed on Newsradio 700 WLW

Newsradio 700 WLW

02:09 min | 2 years ago

"pacific plate" Discussed on Newsradio 700 WLW

"Home with the one pitch and Aquino socks one deep left field it's way the whole run for artists DTZ keno no nothing Arad's it's number fourteen well the way I want to thank John Barrett and all the employees of western southern today for the find well they put they they that I tell you what questions so that I could put on a party pretty good stuff amen to that so we had fun today because of the there on the two days away from the dub western southern WEBN fireworks have you ever been there chip part I am dozens of time hi July how do you like are you going to Sunday no I'm not I don't know I'm not I can't he's done for awhile right about injures might not have favors and little divine is in the room where you can like stand on one side the other in the cracks down the middle you can stand over the crack in it in the crotch so if there is a place I hope their place what does it happen every road and every should western state has a sign this induction zone is like right there right there side with four corners right you can stand in four different states and four yeah right have you done that look down and there's what is a New Mexico Arizona Colorado Colorado Bristol Tennessee Willie one side of the street in Tennessee the others in Virginia those are fun places I lied subduction zones morning can you imagine option induction saga can imagine of power of the Atlantic and the Pacific plate coming together this is a plate about two and a half thousand miles long maybe a thousand miles deep into the earth and this is the point at which they rub together and you're looking at Rhein.

Aquino Arad John Barrett Tennessee Virginia Atlantic DTZ WEBN New Mexico Arizona Colorado Co one pitch two days
"pacific plate" Discussed on Newsradio 700 WLW

Newsradio 700 WLW

01:35 min | 2 years ago

"pacific plate" Discussed on Newsradio 700 WLW

"They put they they I tell you what questions so that I could put on a party pretty good stuff amen to that so we had fun today because of the there on the two days away from the dub western southern WEBN fireworks have you ever been there chip part I have dozens of times how do I how do you like are you going to Sunday no I'm not I don't know I'm not I can't he's done for awhile right about injures might not have favors and level the vine is in the room where you can like stand on one side the other in the cracks down the middle you can stand over the crack in it in the crotch so if there is a place I hope their waste what does it happen every road and every should western state sign this induction zone is like right there right there side with four corners right you can stand in four different states and four yeah right have you done that look down and there's what is a New Mexico Arizona Colorado Colorado all tennis yeah he will leave one side of the street in Tennessee the others in Virginia those are fun places I like some dungeons owns more anything can you imagine option induction Sunday I can imagine the power of the Atlantic and the Pacific plate coming together this is a plate about two and a half thousand miles long maybe a thousand miles deep into the earth and this is the point at which they rub together and you're looking at Rhein grind grind there's the crack right there that's right right there where is Mars Oliveira now is he at the at the subduction zone I think you stand at.

Colorado Tennessee Virginia Atlantic Mars Oliveira WEBN New Mexico Arizona two days
"pacific plate" Discussed on Progressive Talk 1350 AM

Progressive Talk 1350 AM

14:09 min | 2 years ago

"pacific plate" Discussed on Progressive Talk 1350 AM

"History can be beautiful it can be boring and often let's join Ben bowl and an old brown as they dive into some of the stories from across the span of humanity this is the ridiculous history podcast this is ridiculous history a show based in Atlanta a city that loves brunch I promise I'm going somewhere with this hi my name is Ben my name is Noel and ban AG me up before you go go there we go there we go lego my eggs egg go give me back my ex okay well after general pry these eggs from my cold dead hands eggs right when you think of run sure when you think of breakfast you typically think of a few things and one of the the main stars of the breakfast pantheon is going to be the humble big with this egg are you in are you an exam Benedict's Florentine omelets scrambled I'm a poached egg fan of recent times in a good old bulldog myself so yes yes I'm excuse yes eggs to seasonal earlier before we hopped on air for this episode we were talking about the type of food preparation known as doubling right you are simply had to look it up because it's St rethink of deviled eggs or deviled ham and their security story for that but that is not the subject of today's episode today's episode hinges upon the importance of eggs in you being excuse yes right but even ahead we've been in situations where you got the weight line for brunch or something but you're not the type got a fight over neck are you I also very rarely will wait in line for anything it if the lines too long I'm I'm I'm moving on that that's my that's with the words I live by but now I mean here you noticed how whenever there's a storm in here especially are like a snowstorm what's the first thing to go in the the the grocery stores they run through the dairy in the and bakery in the mail on the bread the eggs in the milk food staples and back in San Francisco California during the gold rush time in the early eighteen fifty is a really really really important staple food a very very crucial source of protein during a time where that was very scarce because the gold rush right out thousands and thousands of prospectors to San Francisco which at the time was a relatively small city that just did not have the infrastructure or the resources to support those people right because the forty Niners as they were often call these gold rush prospectors were coming from across the country to gamble on the chance of striking it big by discovering a vein of gold and as we know now it's true that some people did find gold most did not we should be very clear about that but as knoll has begun to paint a picture for us here what they all found was a a very difficult environment to live it you know there were a lot of people asking for the same resources and as we've seen in other historical instances this triggers inflation this triggers price gouging the other wise humble foodstuff known as the egg available throughout the country of Wales became a relatively rare and high priced commodity it's true like you say you know everyone was again a strike it rich in fact most didn't in an article from the San Francisco gate by Gary Kim yeah he describes this phenomenon as that there was more money to be made from quote mining the miners then from actual prospecting so you know to fill that demand little food huts kind of fly by night operations came up over night and all kinds of different businesses sprung up in order to capitalize on this boot and one thing they needed we're cooking ingredients right and there's an excellent article by inland route writing over at time called the worst that can happen with egg prices get too high in this article as she discusses some of the specifics and nuts and bolts of this skyrocketing food situation one of the primary commodities that shot up in value was the egg and it rose to the price of a dollar per AG in the eighteen fifties which is crazy expensive now but let's consider that in our time that's roughly the equivalent of thirty dollars per neck man I don't think I could ever want an egg that much no I don't you know I don't know what I would do with it I would feel bad eating it I I would feel like I have to put it in a in a like a boxer terrarium but I guess we have to remember here to this was not the price was not that way because it was a silly a delicacy it is warm enough to go around so it was a scarcity issue and there was still a good shipping infrastructure in place at the time so eggs were being shipped in by the millions from across the Pacific even all the way from the east coast and it still was not enough to satiate the teeming masses of people there and that's why San Francisco eventually turned its eyes west to the islands of the Pacific to a very specific island that's right there is an island our system of islands just about thirty miles outside of the Golden Gate in San Francisco called the feral on and they are actually the site of the largest colony of sea birds anywhere in the contiguous United States and those birds are the common yours yes the common yours are the star of two days show and the the islands themselves are home to a little less than four hundred different species of birds and the birds at this time we're doing quite well because during the maritime fur trade Russian Steelers deal hunters got rid of the vast majority of the mammals that would be there right that's right but this still to this day these islands are home to tons of different marine creatures and the lions elephants yields can grow to be the size of like a van and swimming around the edges you got great white sharks yes and Wales which I think would be so cool to see in person there's actually an article in The New York Times where bunnies three takes a whale watching expedition out to these islands in spots all kinds of fantastic wildlife on the islands were called the devil's teeth back in the early eighteen fifties by sailors and that's because they were particularly treacherous and they caused quite a few shipwrecks and it's true the these are very intense jagged looking cliffs the highest point is three hundred feet and they were actually formed between eighty to a hundred million years ago when the Pacific plate collided with the north American plate and they weren't always islands they eventually drifted and became islands because of plate tectonic activity in fact they were largely responsible for blocking the view of the San Francisco harbor to Spanish galleons that would say over there for over two hundred years yet and now thankfully will give you spoiler alert here friends neighbors now thankfully the marine mammals have made a return to the island but in the mid eighteen hundreds this population was in serious trouble which was good in the short term for the birds it was literally for the birds I was waiting on that one and so little let's let's go back to what you mentioned specifically we're looking at a bird called the common in your in you are our E. it's all a U. K. this large arc sits upright on sea cliffs and people will describe it as the northern version of a penguin and we've got some pretty we've got some pretty cool info on it courtesy of the good folks over at Audubon dot org knoll and I and our super producer Casey background I can't believe we forgot to check out at the beginning no it's cool we saved we saved it was it's a cold open so these these birds according to the stuff we were watching before you went into the studio today they look kind of awkward on land not a pun but it could be yeah they're sort of like these and we'll the penguin like creatures and they do fly pretty poorly they're much better at swimming and diving to catch fish in the nets on these really really steep and slippery clips on the side of these islands in it is really a thing to behold ban there thousands and thousands of them nesting in really close quarters on these super treacherous cliffs not a comfortable situation at all right right and not particularly inviting to us humans through driven there out of desperation in dis mess most importantly they have eggs the typically have one AG and the incubation period is about twenty to thirty seven days after that the young when they're born they leave the nest of between fifteen and twenty five days later the eggs themselves however are very interesting and they do not look in any way related to the chicken eggs that were so common so familiar to the San Franciscans of the time first of all there about twice as big and they are oddly pointed on one end yes they are purer form which is the word we learn for today's episode only guys I don't know that one then it's what it sounds like other tenants that slightly rounded pyramid like top they look like Coneheads yes going to that's what they look like they're also quite beautiful they they they they are speckled they can be a light blue and apparently some ornithologists believe that each one had a unique speckled pattern that allow them to be identified by the parent because they're nesting in such close quarters if they didn't have some distinguishing factor they would might be hard for them to know which which I belong to them yeah it looks kinda like a Jackson Pollock painting and I think on a new one on every egg and I think you and I were both surprised when we learned that there had been intense research into the the reasoning behind this this egg shaped and designed so originally people believe the shape of the egg was not up to shin to prevent it from rolling off the cliff that's right and that sort of evolved over time it was debunked in the mid nineteen hundreds when naturalist believe that the eggs shape I would allow it to role in a perfect arc that would keep it from tumbling off of the cliffs like you said but then a British ornithologist name Tim Burke had published a study of leaving twenty seventeen that sort of the bond that one he says it's the contamination of cleanliness and protection because the common areas are such a horrible horrible ghastly flyers they can careen into other nests and his theory is that the shape allows it to make better contact with the ground there for offering more protection against potential collisions yeah increasing service area and we we should mention that this sort of all just timber kid has studied mirrors for forty four years he knows his mirrors he's been your guy always have so much respect for someone who has a specific area of expertise and he's almost fifty years into the bird game man she also has some great points I I appreciate that you mentioned cleanliness because as he's quoted in this article from Audubon the other feature of murder breeding ledges says per catch is that they are invariably filthy sometimes it's like going into a pigsty like a toilet it's like a Blue Mountain toilet there are a lot of things but they wouldn't be great roommates nightmares he says that the guano entertaining crossed an incubating egg can clog up the porters that allow tricks to breed and also cause infection and that's when he found it wasn't just the the rough shape of the egg but it was also the concentration of pores and where they occur the greatest concentration pours from your rag is around the eggs large blunt end and it's raised above the ground by that downward angle tip okay we've derail ourselves with some really fascinating stuff about the science behind these creatures and their eggs in a little bit about these islands but what was the deal band with the situation the scarcity of eggs that caused folks to brave these treacherous waters in these slippery slopes to get those delectable X..

Ben bowl Atlanta Noel hundred million years three hundred feet thirty seven days two hundred years forty four years twenty five days thirty dollars fifty years two days milk
"pacific plate" Discussed on KGO 810

KGO 810

08:42 min | 2 years ago

"pacific plate" Discussed on KGO 810

"Their new book is island on fire. It tells the story of the eruption really the series of a rupture in these cones that stretch into the horizon on an on a volcano they called collectively Lockie in Iceland, but because in seventeen eighty three and eighteen eighty three and all the way up to nineteen sixty two there was no certainty of why volcanoes and why here and why do the eruptions keep coming and why they're bigger and bigger. And now today we look at what volcanoes due to the whole planet. Not just noise not just fire, but also the atmosphere Alexandra I learned from you that it wasn't until nineteen sixty two the geologist, Harry has he was working at Princeton geology came up with a proposal for the continental drift for the break-up of Penn gay of two hundred and fifty million years ago. Now, we accepted that the continents, are lighter material. Royal than the than the floor of the ocean. And they drift along at the top. However, how does that explain volcanoes, particularly volcanoes in Iceland? So there's two reasons why we have volcanoes in Iceland, and one of those reasons, traces back to Harry has at Princeton in the early nineteen sixties, his idea was what we call seafloor spreading so that along the center of oceans along the center of the Atlantic. Ocean is a, a ridge of all kaneohe. That's basically an underwater mountain range, and what's happening here is that magma from deep in the earth is willing from deep down up to the bottom of the ocean, where it erupts and it cools. And it begins to spread out on either side. What this means in practical terms is at the center of the oceans serve as kind of boundaries between these crystal plates, the whole series is known as plate tectonics, continental drift. Those are those are words people know about Harry Hess, came up at the idea that in the middle of these plates. It's hot magma was welling up. And this is important in Iceland, because Iceland fits right in the middle of this ridge, Iceland. Is actually right on the mid Atlantic ridge. If you stand in the center of Iceland, if you've been to the place, the plane in the middle of Iceland, for the first democratic parliament was held in the year one thousand you can stand there. And you can watch the ground rip apart. Literally one side you can see European crustal plate moving off to the right and often you're left, you can see the North American Krista plate moving to the west Iceland, is where to pressed presto plates, come together, and that's where the magma comes from. And so the volcano Laki the one, we're discussing and Hekla and the other volcanoes that have been erupting over these last centuries. When we have a record of Iceland. It's only about a thousand years that we've had a good writing record when the Vikings settled vice Iceland, that is at this juncture of the two plates. There's also a thing called a plume. I think Hawaii's on one of them and Iceland's on one of them. How is that different from the plate tectonics, you can think of a plan kind of like a jet of hot? Material almost like a welder's towards coming from very, very deep in the earth. This is separate from these from these long, crystal bridges. I've been describing and they can, incur these plumes these jets can occur all around the planet and random places that may or may not be connected to the edges of crustal plates. But in Hawaii, that's how the Hawaiian islands are formed. This is hot jet of material coming up in Iceland. Same thing is true. And what's happened in Iceland? Is it has this deep jet to single plume of hot material, and it has locked together, kind of, like dancing and lockstep with the with the mid Atlantic ridge at the same time? So you've got a, a long chain of submarine volcanoes, coming in contact with his deep deep plume and together, they kind of give Iceland double dose of magma the numbers, I have for you that you did your research on, we had a confirmed eruption and thirteen hundred AD. This is in one of the Icelandic books. I recommend to everybody the Icelandic sagas, especially the. Scholar grim. He's a magnificent character who might have had facial regularities because of all k- knows there's speculation, and there's good evidence in L Alex's book, but eighteen forty five nine hundred forty seven two thousand these are the big ones. Heck cleft fell the inferno from for from the damned. There's another volcano conflict, which you name is the devil. So Iceland was a fearful place to live for most of the last thousand years, too, I conclude from that, that they were very brave people who live there because they didn't have language that you just gave us as to why this was happening. Yes. It's interesting because Icelanders were pretty much got used to the fact that they're island had so many volcanoes on, on average. There's an eruption in Iceland, once every five years, so they can be a bit staggered. But, but I kind of got used to this living and breathing surface and really throughout the middle ages. It was visitors from the continent. Clerics would come to, to try and convert people or just tourists. Who would come and marvel at these fire mountains who actually really sort of came up with this. You could almost say stereotype of Iceland, as the gateway to hell that Hekla volcano, you mentioned was known as the gateway to hell. That's the big one on the great big ones. See exactly. So the, the fiery landscape for Icelanders was almost a part of their everyday life, and they, they figured out ways to live and work among all these eruptions, and it was more the visitors travelers who marveled that it as an incredible place. We have the plate tectonics, we have the theory of continental drift. We understand plumes, but we also have a rating system for volcanoes and Alex and Jeff have listed some of the big ones that we know about some we don't know about there was there are some that we don't we have records in the ice core, and the ice core of them happening, but we can actually say the great big ones. I'm always attracted to the number the number eights Alex, you, I don't know why I got addicted to them. Lockie was only a four but it went on for a long time. That's a long for Yellowstone and eight at two point one million years ago. And when that happens again, we're gonna move and the towboat the toba one in Indonesia. That was eight also seventy four thousand years ago. My memory Alex is that almost wiped out mankind. That was a really really damaging a severe nuclear winner, or whatever the proper term is. Yes, that toba eruption that you mentioned seventy four thousand years ago, in Indonesia, it actually has left, traces in the genomes of people, essentially, you can see genetic bottleneck when the population is out East Asia, dropped so severely that people had very little. There was a very small population to breed as a result of that eruption, which must have spread ash over almost all southeast Asia, blacked out much of the of the region. Absolutely devastated into Africa now Tamboura. That's eighteen fifteen. That's the that's the summer that's the year without a summer eighteen fifteen right in right in the core of the US development. They didn't know what they didn't know that. The weather in eighteen fifteen was affected worldwide by timber is that correct Alex? That's right. So timber is again in an Indonesian volcano and that was as you say, eighteen fifteen. So a couple of decades after after Laki and again, you would start to see these kind of these weather affects these climate affects said that could not be explained any other way Tambora is famous, of course, because the, the winter, I'm sorry. The, the summer was so dreary in Europe, after not a Russian because of the volcanic particles that that Shelley and, and others sort of retreated to a house in Lake Geneva in challenge each other to write ghost stories, and from that we got Frankenstein. So our great tale Frankenstein, traces back to this Indonesian volcano, and then we had Krakatoa 1883. This is again in Asia. This is the ring of fire. The Pacific plates are moving very quickly, the two NAMI that hit Japan and the damage the nuclear power plant, and curses, all of us, that is part of the ring of fire Krakatoa 1883, and what attracts me about this is the, the loudest bang. Anybody's ever heard we've never come close to this, now the sound from Krakatoa reverberated on a planet seven times. I'm speaking with Alex with z and Jeff connive their book is island on fire. We're going to get back to the fate of your when we return. I'm John bachelor. This is the John Batchelor show..

Iceland Alex Atlantic ridge Harry Hess Asia Hekla volcano Atlantic Princeton kaneohe Princeton geology John bachelor Hawaii geologist Jeff connive Alexandra I Vikings Indonesia Hekla Japan Europe
"pacific plate" Discussed on WMAL 630AM

WMAL 630AM

08:47 min | 2 years ago

"pacific plate" Discussed on WMAL 630AM

"It tells the story of the eruption really the series of eruptions in these cones that stretch into the horizon on an on a volcano they called, collectively Laki, and Iceland, but because in seventeen eighty three and eighteen eighty three and all the way up to ninety sixty two there was no certainty of why volcanoes and why here and why do the eruptions keep coming and why they're bigger and bigger. And now today we look at what volcanoes due to the whole planet. Not just noise not just fire, but also the atmosphere Alexandra I learned from you that it wasn't until nineteen sixty two that the geologist Harry has he was working at Princeton geology came up with a proposal for the continental drift for the break-up of Penn gay of two hundred and fifty million years ago. Now, we accept it that the continents, are lighter material. Than the than the floor of the ocean, and they drift along the top. However, how does that explain volcanoes, particularly volcanoes in Iceland? So there's two reasons why we have okay knows in Iceland, and one of those reasons, traces back to Harry has at Princeton in the early nineteen sixties. His idea was what we call seafloor spreading so that along the centers of oceans long. The center of the Atlantic Ocean is a, a rigid. Volcano. That's basically an underwater mountain range, and what's happening here is that magma from deep in the earth is welling from deep down up to the bottom of the ocean where it erupts and it cools. And it begins to spread out on either side. What this means in practical. Terms is at the centers of the oceans serve as kinda boundaries between these crustal plates, the whole series is known as plate tectonics, continental drift. Those are those are words people know about Harry has came up with this idea that in the middle of these plates. It's hot magma was welling up. And this is important in Iceland, because Iceland, sits right in the middle of this ridge, Iceland. Is actually right on the mid Atlantic ridge. If you stand in the center of Iceland's, if you've been to the place, there's a plane in the middle of Iceland, for the first democratic parliament was held in the year one thousand you can stand there. And you can watch the ground rip apart literally one side, you can see European crystal plate moving off to the right and often you're left, you can see the North American plate moving to the west Iceland, is where to crest crista plates come together, and that's where the magma comes from. And so the volcano Laki the one, we're discussing and Hekla and the other volcanoes that have been erupting over these last centuries. When we have a record of Iceland. It's only about a thousand years that we've had a good writing record when the Vikings settled vite Iceland, that is at this juncture of the two plates. There's also a thing called a plume. I think Hawaii's on one of them and Iceland's on one of them. How is that different from the plate tectonics? You can think of a plume kind of like a jet of hot material, almost like a welder's torch coming from very, very deep in the earth. This is separate from these from these long, crystal bridges. I've been describing and they can, incur these plumes these jets can occur all around the planet and random places that may or may not be connected to the edges of crustal plates. But in Hawaii Hawaiian islands are formed this hot jet of material coming up in Iceland. Same thing is true. And what's happened in Iceland? Is it has this deep jet to single plume of hot material, and it has locked together, kind of, like dancing in lockstep with the with the mid Atlantic ridge at the same time? So you've got a long chain of submarine volcanoes coming in contact with this deep deep room and together, they kind of give Iceland, a double dose of magma the numbers, I have for you that you did your research on, we had a confirmed eruption in thirteen hundred AD. This is in one of the Icelandic. Books. I recommend to everybody the Icelandic sagas, especially the story of scholar grim. He's a magnificent character who might have had facial regularities because of all k- knows there's speculation, and there's good evidence in Alex's book, but eight hundred forty five nine hundred forty seven two thousand these are the big ones Hekla fell the inferno from for from the damned. There's another volcano koffler, which you name is the devil. So Iceland was a fearful place to live for most of the last thousand years. Do I conclude from that, that they were very brave people who live there because they didn't have language that you just gave us this to why this was happening? Yes, it's interesting because Icelanders were pretty much got used to the fact that they're island had so many volcanoes on, on average. There's an eruption in Iceland, once every five years, so they can be a bit staggered. But, but I kind of got used to this living and breathing surface and really throughout the middle ages, it was visitors visitors from the continent clerics who had come to, to try and convert people or just tourists who would come in marvel at these fire mountains who actually really sort of came up with this. You could almost say stereotype of Iceland, as the gateway to hell that heckler that bulk Ainhoa, you mentioned was known as the gateway to hell. That's the big one on the island. The great big one can see the fiery landscape for Icelanders was almost a part of their everyday life, and they defeated out ways to live and work among all these eruptions, and it was more the visitors travelers who marveled at it as an incredible place. We have the plate tectonics, we have the theory of. Continental drift. We understand plumes, but we also have a rating system for volcanoes and Alex and Jeff have listed some of the big ones that we know about some we don't know about there was there are some that we don't we have records in the ice core, and the ice core of them happening, but we can't actually say the great big ones I'm always attracted to the number the number eight Salix, you, I don't know why I got addicted to them. Lockie was only four that but it went on for a long time. It's a long for Yellowstone and eight at two point one million years ago. And when that happens again, we're gonna move and the towboat of the toba, one in Indonesia, that was in eight, also seventy four thousand years ago. My memory Alex is that almost wiped out. Mankind a really, really damaging severe nuclear winner, or whatever the proper term is. Yes, that toba eruption that you mentioned seventy four thousand years ago, in Indonesia, it actually has left, traces in the genomes of people. Essentially, you can see genetic bottleneck when the population in southeast Asia dropped, so severely that people had, you know, very little. There was a very small population to breed as a result of that eruption which must have spread ash over almost all southeast Asia. Blacked out much of the of the region. I am absolutely devastating into Africa. Now Tamboura that's eighteen fifteen that's the, that's the summer that's the year without a summer eighteen fifteen right in right in the core of the US development. They didn't know what they didn't know that. The weather in eighteen fifteen was affected worldwide by ten bars that correct? Alex. That's right. So timber is again in an Indonesian volcano and that was as you say, eighteen fifteen. So a couple of decades after after Laki and again, you would start to see is kind of these weather affects these climate effects that could not be explained any other way Tambora is famous, of course, because the, the winter, I'm sorry to the summer was so dreary in Europe after not eruption because of the volcanic particles that that Shelley and, and others sort of retreated to a house in Lake Geneva in challenge each other to write ghost stories, and from that we got Frankenstein. So our great tale Frankenstein, traces back to this Indonesian volcano, and then we had Krakatoa 1883. This is again in Asia. This is the ring of fire. The, the Pacific plates are moving very quickly, the two NAMI that hit Japan and the damage the nuclear power plant, and curses, all of us, that is part of the ring of fire Krakatoa eighteen eighty three and what attracts me about this is the, the loudest bang. Anybody's ever heard we've never come close to this. Now, the sound from Krakatoa reverberated on a planet seven times. I'm speaking with Alex Witt. See and Jeff connive their book is island on fire. We're going to get back to the fate of yarn. When we return. I'm John bachelor. This is the John Batchelor show. Washington's mom W, M, A, L, or Washington comes to.

Iceland Alex Witt Atlantic ridge Harry Laki Atlantic Ocean Hekla Princeton Jeff connive southeast Asia Princeton geology John bachelor geologist Alexandra I Indonesia Vikings Penn Asia US Washington
"pacific plate" Discussed on KGO 810

KGO 810

13:57 min | 3 years ago

"pacific plate" Discussed on KGO 810

"Great. Here. Hearing. Victor return audio and we will be back. We. Gimme of heard that sound on channel seven ABC in nineteen eighty nine. When the Loma Prieta earthquake struck have you been wondering about with quake lately? Have you been thinking? Wow. There has to be one coming soon. Big one. I have I'm not sure why. But it's been on my mind quite a lot lately. So when I saw the article in the San Francisco Chronicle saying that we are in an earthquake drought. It struck a nerve. Joining us is Dr Glenn Biassa. He is a size Malla gist with US Geological Survey in Pasadena, Dr BSE thank you so much for being with us this afternoon. Smart poyser. So you and a colleague I suppose looked at a thousand years of data along the state's three most active fault lines. The Senate race the Hayward in the Senate who CEO and found a pretty interesting information. What did you find all that data? The first historical observation at the twelve sites that we have where we we look through the sows in years. There's not been surface breaking any of those sites in the last one hundred years the data don't predict this long out. Well, what does the data show what what historically has happened prior to this period of time? So at most of these sites, we we expect quake every say one hundred two hundred fifty years in some cases, two hundred fifty years, so but the sadistically among twelve some should've hit in two hundred years since the last among any of them, which was the central fault in southern California. So together, they any one of them could have a gap of one hundred years if they all have it. We wonder something else going on. Oh, well, what might that? Something else. Be. I mean, are we gearing up for something incredibly massive? I would offer two theories one is the that. This is normal quiet after perhaps a run of very large earthquakes. I your listeners will be familiar with the nineteen o six earthquake rupture with a ruptured from south of Monterey for two offshore actually in northern California. Three hundred miles long and southern California, experienced comparable earthquake in eighteen fifty seven and with these with some others in a flurry in the eighteen hundreds may have in some way, we can't fully say run the system out. Just it all the energy got bled off and his last hundred years has been in some sense, a recovery the alternative is that somehow there they are coordinating for some more active other coordinating some other way that we don't know. And our paper was to be a bit of a spur to people who are are better equipped to models to see if there isn't enough other way, where faults would communicate perhaps and lead to this quiet period. There have been a number of smaller quakes and some of them very serious quakes. You're talking about the quakes that actually 'cause rep shirt in the earth. Can you describe what you mean by that? For these faults of when they rupture the ground surface. If you were to look at a fence line, perhaps that had been straight before you'd find it off side or a road that used to line up or the stripe in the middle of a road doesn't line up anymore. You would see small examples for the Napper's quake and bigger ones for earthquakes in the nineteen six six spectacular pictures of these offsets, actually pretty black and white photos that person could find. Did you do the smaller quakes because it seems like the last week or so there have been quakes in the three range little less little bigger? Do those smaller quakes do. They relieve pressure on the big faultlines. Yes, or no, okay. So every earthquake releases spring energy stored in Iraq, we've many of players springs, and you compress it let it go and flies across the room. When it does that it's releasing energy that you put in squeezed when you have an earthquake. It's releasing spring energy. Now, you said threes and fours each earthquake the energy released goes up by a factor of thirty for every magnitude unit. So you say, well, I need thirty magnitude fours to release the energy of one five and I need thirty magnitude five to get to a six thirty six's. So now, we're up at nine hundred annoying earthquakes to do the job of one big earthquake. So understand what false what these faultlines what they are. And what they have to do with one another. I mean, you talk about coordinating. It sounds as if you know, this is a conspiracy of sorts and. They're going to really get us if they choose to. But of course, they're not sent Chinton. And so tell us what all of this actually means how they're related to one another. The first thing to say is that the we pick these because we don't think earthquakes will happen on them part of the mouth of the problem. We have to make them independent. So these arms, we don't think twigs ever happen on both of them at once. These are the false that carry most of the slip many of your listeners will know that the Pacific plate is moving north at about two inches per year compared to say Utah. And two inches initiative house as expressed on these faults the false that we studied. So these should be the most active and they've been quiet. Okay. So I'm I'm concerned that what's going to happen is we're going to have some sort of a massive event. And that we are so much more densely populated so much, you know, and so much more spread out in terms of our population to I mean, we're dense, but we're also just a much bigger population that if we hit by a big one, and eventually we are that it is going to do not only immense damage, but there's going to be an incredible loss of life. Is there any way of intimidating if that is going to happen? And if so when. The wind is the hardest part of our science. Tell people that the math is hard as predicting the weather, but instead of buying a barometer temperature sensor we have to pay millions of dollars for the same data and one borehole so data's hard to get your concerns about populated areas. I personally very concerned about the East Bay. This is a subject. So the Hayward fault runs, perhaps, you know, right through the bear stadium. And it's it they had to retrofit the bear stadium. Hopefully survive the earthquake that we expect to run up through the foothills there that is not going to be a pretty sight. And I encourage people who are considering retrofit shrink thing building. Please. By all means if you can please to the Hayward fault run. So it enjoy it splits off the Andrea south of the Santa Cruz mountains and then runs of well, there's a south Hayward north Hayward. But they run. Perhaps two hundred miles really north of Hayward and Berkeley and so on and then joined another set of faults up there. So okay. So let me make sure because you said that with these major faultlines if if an earthquake happens on one of them earthquakes don't happen at the same time on others of these major falls. Right. So it's not like if the Heywood fought of we have a big one on the Hayward fault that it could or would likely trigger something on another on the San Andreas, for example. We don't expect behavior. I like to remind people other fellow scientists that the earth is not read our papers and doesn't care what we. I think that's probably true. So we get supplies is now and again, but we have experienced in the past. There are other fault systems like this in the world, and as a rule, well, while some overlap is not unknown in the faults of the world, a bigger quake that is to say it'll be mostly on one but include a spur on another this is not unknown. But it's quite unusual. And we don't have any reason to think that's occurred here. Limit gain another bit of understanding here because okay winning earthquake happens. We're generally told will the where the epicenter of the earthquake is what does that mean? And is the determination of whether it's going to be an earth. Rupturing earthquake is earthquake is that dependent on the faultline or the depth of the earthquake or how much the plates have moved or to all of those things have a bearing on it. The primary the primary element on defaults. Earthquake magnitude had that earthquakes that are large enough to be tens of kilometers long almost always break to the surface. They carry the service if you went there you'd see it. Magnitude first, and then the type of fault. You can't hide a larger quake nineteen fifty two. And current county. We had the largest instrumental earthquake in southern California occurred there to not break the surface because it was a trade recall, it a reverse faulting earthquake one piece lighting under another, and it didn't leave a an expression at the surface the false. We studied are more like the. If you're detach piece of cardboard to two freight trains side by side and one of them pulls out of the station. There would be a tear in the material that you attach to between the two and this is the kind of terror. One past another recall, it strikes live that is on most of California's faults, but not all. So we're we're almost out of time here. But how how should we be preparing because there's gonna be a big earthquake? And I'm talking about individually. Is there anything that we can do to be preparing? But also as communities, right? The first thing to say is the distance of the fault matters the most how should we prepare? If if the average is three to four quakes per century are are gonna come back then three to four. But I I have said, and it could be six maybe more in the coming century means actually might be higher than average right now day to day. We can't plan that way because they're still talking fifteen years apart. So people need to prepare take advantage of the retrofit with earthquake bracing bolt if you live in an old house, you can get help bolting down there. Other types of programs to help people secure their home in their space. I think folks to take advantage of those. I think your listeners would know that please don't sleep under any heavy objects. Heavy TV set or a bookcase that could hurt you or your children as they sleep. These are very very practical steps plus the things for water and. You know, food for an emergency that just sort of make sense on any terms. Yeah. Well, that's true. That's absolutely true. Well, Dr be I'll say it has been informative talking with you. And if the big one strikes anytime soon, I'm going to be giving you a call back. So that we could talk about just what you know about what had happened to us. Thank you. Thanks for the research that that you have done and thanks for joining us today on cagey, Al it's been a pleasure. Thank you. All righty. That's Dr be ASA. He is he's a seismologist Glenn BSA seismologist with the US Geological Survey in Pasadena. I mean, do you feel like you're well prepared like where we are? Well, prepared for the big. When are you like me? I mean, are you somebody who has really been thinking that something's going to happen? It's something it's almost like you can smell it. You just feel like it's not that far often than me like it's going to happen today. But it's not that far off eight eight oh, eight ten is the telephone number. You're listening to Keijo Pat Thurston on K G. Oh, I'm.

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"pacific plate" Discussed on KGO 810

KGO 810

07:42 min | 3 years ago

"pacific plate" Discussed on KGO 810

"Bigger. And now today we look at what volcanoes do to the whole planet. Not just noise. Not just fire. But also the atmosphere Alexandra I learned from you that it wasn't until nineteen sixty two that the geologist Harry has he was working at Princeton geology. Came up with a proposal for the continental drift for the break-up of pan gay of two hundred and fifty million years ago. Now, we accepted that the continents are lighter material than the than the floor of the ocean and they drift along at the top. However, how does that explain volcanoes, particularly volcanoes in Iceland? So there's two reasons why we have okay knows in Iceland. And one of those reasons traces back to Harry has at Princeton in the early nineteen sixties his idea was what we call seafloor spreading. So that along the centers of oceans long, the center of the Atlantic Ocean, the original volcanoes, it's basically an underwater mountain range, and what's happening here is that magma from deep in the earth is welling from deep down up to the bottom of the ocean where it erupts, and it cools and it begins to spread out on either side. What is means in practical terms is that the centers of the oceans serve as kind of boundaries between these crustal plates the whole series is known as plate tectonics continental drift. Those are those are words people know about Harry has came up with this idea that in the middle of these plates. It's hot magma was going up, and this is important in Iceland because Iceland, sits right in the middle of this ridge Iceland. And is actually right on the mid Atlantic ridge. If you stand in the center of Iceland, if you've been to the place, there's a plane in the middle of Iceland for the first democratic parliament was held in the year one thousand you can stand there, and you can watch the ground rip apart literally one side, you can see European crustal plate moving off to the right off on your left. You can see the North American crustal plate moving to the west Iceland is where these two pressed crustal plates come together. And that's where the magma comes from. And so the volcano Laki the one we're discussing and Hekla and the other volcanoes that have been erupting over these last centuries. When we have a record of Iceland. It's only about a thousand years that we've had a good writing record when the Vikings settled Iceland that is at this juncture of the two plates. There's also a thing called a plume. I think Hawaii's on one of them and Iceland's on one of them. How is that different from the plate tectonics? You can think of a plume kind of like a jet of hot. Material almost like a welder's torch coming from very very deep in the earth in Iceland. The same thing is true. And what's happened in Iceland is it has this deep jet to single plume of hot material, and it has locked together kind of like, dancing and lockstep with the with the mid Atlantic ridge at the same time. So you've got a long chain of submarine. Volcano coming in contact with this deep deep plume and together, they kind of give Iceland a double dose of magma. Right. The numbers. I have for you that you did your research on we had a confirmed eruption in thirteen hundred AD. This is in one of the Icelandic books. I recommend to everybody the Icelandic sagas, especially the story of scholar grim. He's a magnificent character who might have had facial irregularities because of all Kino's, there's speculation. And there's good evidence in Alex's book. But eighteen forty five nineteen forty seven two thousand these are the big ones Hekla fell the inferno from for from the dam. Damned there's another volcano koffler, which your name is the devil. So Iceland was a fearful place to live for most of the last thousand years, do I conclude from that that they were very brave people who live there because they didn't have language that you just gave us as to why this was happening. Yes, it's interesting because Icelanders were pretty much got used to the fact that they're island had so many volcanoes on on average. There's an eruption in Iceland once every five years, so they can be a bit staggered. But but ice wonders kind of got used to this living and breathing surface and really throughout the middle ages. It was visitors so visitors from the continent clerics who would come to to try and convert people or just tourists who would come and marvel at these fire mountains who actually really sort of came up with this. You could almost say stereotype of Iceland, as a gateway to hell that heckler that bulk Keno you mentioned with the gateway to hell, that's the big one on the great big one. Exactly. So that the fiery landscape for Icelanders was almost a part of their everyday life. And they they figured out ways to live and work among all these eruptions, and it was more the the visitors in the travelers who marveled at it as an incredible place. We have the plate tectonics. We have the theory of. Continental drift. We understand plumes. But we also have a rating system for volcanoes, and Alex and Jeff have listed some of the big ones that we know about some we don't know about there some that we don't we have records in the ice core and the ice core of them happening. But we can actually say the great big ones. I'm always attracted to the number. The number eights, Alex, I don't know why I got addicted to them lucky was only a four that. But it went on for a long time that's a long for Yellowstone at eight at two point one million years ago. And when that happens again, we're gonna move and the towboat the toba one in Indonesia that was in eight also seventy four thousand years ago. My memory, Alex is that almost wiped out mankind that was a really really damaging severe nuclear winner, or whatever the proper term is. Yes. That toba eruption that you mentioned seventy four thousand years ago in Indonesia, and actually has left traces in the genomes of people essentially, you can see genetic bottleneck when the population in south East Asia dropped so severely that people had very little you. There was a very small population to breed as a result of that eruption, which must have spread ash over almost all of southeast Asia blacked out much of the of the region. Absolutely devastating into Africa. Now Tambora that's eighteen fifteen. That's the that's the summer. That's the year without a summer eighteen fifteen right in right in the core of the US development. They didn't know what they didn't know that the weather in eighteen fifteen was affected worldwide by ten bars that correct, Alex. That's right. So ten is again in an Indonesian volcano. And that was as you say eighteen fifteen so a a couple of decades after after Laki, and again, you would start to see this kind of these weather effects, these climate effects that could not be explained any other way Tamboura is famous, of course. Because the the winter I'm sorry to the summer was so dreary in Europe after that eruption because of the volcanic particles that that Shelley, and and others sort of retreated to a house in Lake Geneva in challenged each other to write ghost stories, and from that, we got Frankenstein. So our great tale, Frankenstein traces back to this Indonesian volcano, and then we had Krakatoa eighteen eighty three. This is again in Asia. This is the ring of fire. The the Pacific plates are moving very quickly the tsunami that hit Japan and the damage the nuclear power plant and curses all of us that is part of the ring of fire Krakatoa 1883 and what attracts me about. This is the the loudest bang. Anybody's ever heard. We've never come close to this. Now, the sound from Krakatoa reverberated on a planet. Seven.

Iceland Alex west Iceland Atlantic ridge Harry Hekla Atlantic Ocean Princeton geology Asia geologist Alexandra I Princeton Vikings Indonesia Japan Africa US East Asia Yellowstone