17 Burst results for "Oliver Cromwell"
"oliver cromwell" Discussed on The Box Of Oddities
"Auditees. Yeah I've got a little throat. Thing going and don't worry. It's not the cove it. Okay. But just to be safe while you're listening to this podcast, where mascots six feet away from your radio, or you're listening on a rainy well, people listen on the radio in in a in a vehicle. Pictured a boombox. Remarks like now probably not. No Hey. This was an exciting week for us this week. Mark a real milestone the box of oddities has been downloaded more than seven million times since its inception was doing her two and a half years ago. Something like that yeah, and also are coming a foreigner anniversary. Seven million downloads. Sir But we've only been married for five years. That's true. That's true. Big a deal where but we're still married. I'm still married to you. Yeah, I suppose that's a good point especially when I'm highlighting the downloads over the years we've been married. Happy Anniversary to you, thank you. What is it would? Need to give you some would. That's right for anniversary. We actually got a really nice gift from Rick and Steve, our friends from Maryland and They sent us a would anniversary gift a log. Yeah, I love. It grows mushrooms. Kind of you guys I'm allowed lady. See how I just zipped right past the you giving me would. Never acknowledged it again didn't even lift your head now once. So anyway. I go I. Oh and I'm GonNa, tell you about the incredibly morbid. Journey of the most famous severed head in history I. Love It. The severed head of Oliver Cromwell. So, here's the story. In sixteen forty nine King Charles I of England was arrested, put on trial and executed by a group of parliamentarians. They were called the round heads, which is a dumb name. Absolutely, it was led by Oliver Cromwell Charles. The second was exiled to the European mainland at the end of a long period of civil war and unrest in in England Charles the first execution in Cromwell's ascension to quote Lord Protector led a decade of non-royal rule in England, so ten years in England there was no king starting in sixteen, Forty nine Oliver Cromwell helped overthrow royalty, and then he just took over. Okay, pretty much was a king, but Didn't take all the trappings. Although he took all the property, he lived in all the the Nice building, and you know all those nice royal buildings that they have over there cromwell was born on April, twenty fifth in fifteen, ninety nine, he led the parliamentarian army in the English civil war once the army one he oversaw the conversion of England into a Republican. He abolished the monarchy and also the. The House of Lords after the execution of Charles the first okay well, let's seems a little sketchy like once you get into power doesn't mean that you just change the way our whole ship works. Okay, grumble became Lord protector and his rule started in December of sixteen, Fifty three, and that was very similar to Kingship, but he he turned down the offer to have been bestowed the title of King. Says it really just a label kind of thing I've got other other than not having the name King Right. He was pretty much acting as king unrestricted power. He lived in all the royal palace ass. He was formerly offered in sixteen, Fifty, seven, the title of King, but after quote, agony of mind and conscience. He turned it down. Throughout sixteen fifty eight Cromwell suffered from an illness, and the also had some family tragedy, and he died in the in the afternoon of September third sixteen, Fifty Eight, so he was an Agni a lot of ways. Yes, okay. His death in his funeral were treated pretty much the same way that when a king died, you know there was a lot of trappings and pomp and circumstance lots of big hats off big hats and slow moving brigades. The elaborate funeral was delayed two times by what they call hesitant preparations. They kept changing their mind on things. But when it did fresh clothes, mean. Meanwhile they're just freshly washed or are they brand new clothes? The funeral procession made its way through London on the twenty third of November sixteen, Fifty Eight. The body had already been buried at Westminster Abbey for two weeks at this point, because well. Rotting corpse. In those days they did not as we have mentioned many times. Before have refrigeration units in the fifteenth or sixteenth century shame, really in fact by the time that the funeral procession took place, he'd been dead for two months. So he was dead for two months, but they kept him above ground, just kind of propped up there for about six weeks until he just couldn't take it anymore. That sounds unpleasant Oliver Cromwell's corpse. Pretty much undisturbed at Westminster until the restoration of the Stuart Monarchy under Charles Son King Charles, the second in sixteen sixty, so King Charles the second, came back and kick some ass and took back the throne. At this point though Cromwell has already been dead for a while. But that wasn't enough of a punishment for. For King Charles the second. It didn't make him feel good enough so i. he rounded up the twelve remaining surviving members of the group that overthrew the royalty and he had them tried and executed. Okay, probably not so much time trying them as just. You know executing them, yeah. They were hanged, drawn and quartered. We've read about this That's they drag him through the streets on and on wheeled sledge. There hanged by the neck then they're cut down while they're still alive. disembowelled while they're still alive, they're beheaded and dismembered cut into four quarters. That's a rough way to go. So after all that was done, he said yeah, but what about Oliver Cromwell, so he went in had Cromwell's body removed Westminster Abbey. While they were doing that he he out the parts of the guys that he drawn in, he had drawn and quartered, and just kind of handed them out and pass them around to different provincial cities to put on display. Oh, sure, yeah, like put them on stakes at the entry way to the city like welcome to Birmingham. Shire This is the head of that guy. Don't fuck around. We would have settled for home of the world's largest ball of twine, but no now home of like some guys botox hanging from a bridge got the lower left quarter, so cromwell's body had been hidden in the wall of the middle, aisle of Henry the eighth. Lady's Chapel at Westminster on the twenty eighth of January sixteen, Sixty one. The body of Cromwell.
"oliver cromwell" Discussed on KNSS
"She what if he does something so great during the course of his term can't me and they feared and they feared they give me the house of representative a simple majority power to impeach a president Mike go too far I remember there then created a president yet we didn't have a constitution yet but they're looking at monarchies when I look back in British history they saw the Tierney a monarchy but they also so the tyranny of mabach Chrissy because there were times that the parliament was tyrannical read a little bit about Oliver Cromwell among others and this is why your founders didn't create a parliament didn't create the kind of powerful centralized government that the left the media the Democrats running for president keep demanding they created what they created a Republic you can amend the constitution but you better work at it because you need the support of the body politic to change and so impeachment and supplies to the president what's to be difficult listen carefully to they didn't spend a lot of time debating impeachment of judges they didn't spend a lot of time debating pitchman of civil officers almost no time the vast majority of time was spent debating impeaching a president and they play the what if scenario what if he does this but what if the house does that what if this this in one of the concerns they have about impeachment as an idea barred.
"oliver cromwell" Discussed on Jocko Podcast
"So Moses Moses didn't take any risk where he thought he might fail. We read of him soon after leaving Egypt asking if he might lead Israel through the country of another people on being refused permission. He marches round by another way. But later when the same situation arises when Israel is better trained to fight. He leads his people straight through the middle of that country and destroys his enemy utterly. He was a good judge of what Israel was capable of doing. And what Israel is not capable of doing. And as a result. He had an unbroken record of military successes. He had the wisdom and the insight into human nature to realize that the best way for leader to gain confidence of his soldiers is to give them victories. If a commander gives his soldiers victories. They will follow him anywhere. But Moses was not permitted to see the few fruits of his own work. He sinned by claiming as his own powers, which did not belong to him. And for this sin of presumption. He was forced to hand over to Joshua the final conquest of Canaan. For which he had so well trained, the children of Israel. So they're he wraps up on on Moses. I think and he kinda refers back to this point later in the in this book is the fact that you gotta be you gotta you gotta push for victory. Right. You gotta push for victory. And this is. It's almost like risk aversion, right, which I'm not a fan of and you can't be risk of of verse. But you've got to be calculated. Back to the book in the next section. He is going to talk about Cromwell. He just referred to him as Cromwell Oliver Cromwell Cromwell who was an an English. Statesman. But he was a soldier. This is like in the sixteen hundred sixteen twenty's he was a hardcore puritan and he organized military forces in the when the civil war broke out sixteen forty two. He was the deputy commander of the new model. Army he defeated the main royalist force in sixteen forty five. And then he commanded campaigns in Ireland and Scotland in the sixteen fifties. He was. He was kind of over the top. I guess you might say it's always eat. I mean beyond that he he mass. There's an Irish massacre, you know, in that spiraled into a war for of years. And an ultimately as a politician once he kind of got done with the war part. He became a politician. And he really didn't do a great job. So that's just some kind of highlights of Oliver Cromwell. But here we go back to the book. I next proposed. Consider Cromwell another leader who went to wage war only when he was over middle age. He was over forty when the civil war broke out. He started a civil war in command of a troop of sixty men and then commanded of that troupe..
"oliver cromwell" Discussed on GONE
"Here's something we want you to know about if you are in search of another great storytelling podcast, be sure to check out Richards. Other park cast podcast unexplained mysteries Fags Molly every Thursday on unexplained mysteries my friend Claire, and I dig deep into some of the greatest mysteries of history and life on earth. Already. We've searched for the true subject of the Mona, Lisa and investigated the claims of Shanti Debbie who remembered her past life and they don't take. We don't know for an answer. Some of life's greatest mysteries don't have simple explanations, but does that mean there are no explanations at all and unexplained mysteries is produced by park cast the same team behind gone. So you can expect the same indepth research and high quality audio. You find on our show, be sure to subscribe. See, never miss an episode search for unexplained mysteries on your favorite podcast. Rectory to start listening. Now four, visit park, cast P A R C A S T dot com. Slash unexplained to listen now. Now, let's get back to the story. Let's dive into the theory that all of our Cromwell's head took a bizarre three hundred year journey before being reburied in sixteen sixty. One Oliver Cromwell had been dug up and his remains showcase to the world as a warning, his body tossed into a mass grave and his head placed on a pike is gruesome tale to say the least for twenty five years. Oliver Cromwell's heads stood grotesque indicate atop a pike on Westminster Abbey. During that time, the head was only removed once for roof maintenance before immediately being placed back in its spot. It was at Charles the seconds behest that the head remain unmoved, a symbol for Cromwell, Ian, and Republic sympathizers that the crown was back in charge. What follows is a story put together from various accounts of one man's heads, three hundred year journey, but was the head. Found three hundred years later really Cromwell's or perhaps was it someone else's either way it all began with the storm. Sometime between sixteen eighty five and sixteen eighty nine, a terrible storm hit Westminster as rain and thunder. Pelted the warned building Cromwell's pike started to give the tip of the pike with Cromwell's heads snapped off and tumbled away. Following the realization that Cromwell's head was missing from its perch, a massive hunt and sued posters and pamphlets were issued with the promise of reward yet nothing ever turned up Cromwell's head was lost or was it. Well, it's unclear exactly what happened. Anecdotal evidence suggests that the head was in fact found specifically by a guard at Westminster, though his name is lost time. It is said that this unnamed guard took the head back to his home. Remember his head was embalmed so the flesh would have been more mummified than decayed. Not that that makes the guard taking the head any list disturbing. Rumor had it. The guard who found Cromwell's head was a secret Republic sympathizer and Cromwell fan. The guard feared the head would fall back into the hands of the crown and put back on display. So he hit the head in his chimney where it remained until the year. Seventeen ten. That's Macab. Why not take the head to Cromwell's descendants or even his daughter with her secret tomb? Excellent questions. Keep in mind. This is more anecdotal than proven could be. He didn't know about the secret tomb. Or was just a frayed he'd get in trouble for having it. We can't even be sure that this was Cromwell's head that fell off Westminster Abbey. It could have belonged to either of the two men who were beheaded and piked with Cromwell are ten and Bradshaw though there's no evidence to account for that at the time heads were still being piked, but none had recently been added or removed from Westminster Abbey. So while we can't say for sure, this head is Cromwell's. We do know where the head went next by the turn of the eighteenth century, the old guard was dying. He brought his daughter to his deathbed and confessed that he had Oliver Cromwell's head hidden in a knock in their chimney. He passed the head onto her before finally passing away instead of keeping it. She sold it to a man named Claudius dip. We do que- was a Swiss French collector of rare curiosities and owned a private museum in London. It was internet. Nationally, renowned and popular tourism spot. Do que- displayed the heads starting in his house of oddities around seventeen ten, many famous travelers including Zacharias Conrad von Offenbach known for his world travels in journals, described the head to police museum. When he spoke to about the head deplete claimed he could sell Cromwell's head for sixty Guineas or the equivalent to five thousand pounds today. This astounded Offenbach who couldn't fathom why anyone would want a severed head yet deplete never sold the head and kept it with him until his death in seventeen thirty eight afterwards the head once again changed hands. This time the head fell into the hands of failed comic actor Samuel Russell. He purchased ahead from the latest date of depre- sometime in the seventeen forties Russell claimed to be a descendant citing how the Cromwell's had intermarriage. With the Russell family. Few generations ago for him. Cromwell's head was a family relic despite the bold claim, Russell treated the head more like a prop than sacred. Heirloom Russell would take the head to parties and pass it around over time. The head was damaged further receiving additional fractures and cracks and losing teeth some way to treat your ancestor. I still can't believe he did that with a real human skull. While Russell was using Cromwell as a tool for Buchan Nalia a man named James Cox about the skull and sought to purchase it. Russell refused to part with the skull Cox, persisted as time went on Russell fell, deepened debt. Eventually, he tried to pawn the skull off to Sidney Sussex Cromwell's old alma mater. The school refused not believing the heads off anticipate with nowhere else to turn wrestle finally sold the head to James Cox. Cox was a renowned Goldsmith toy man and clockwork of the time he to owned a museum, but it had closed down by the time he got hold of the skull, many historians who followed Cromwell's head like Jonathan Fitzgibbons who wrote the book Cromwell's head, believe Cox, simply wanted the head to sell it off at a higher price and Cox did salad. So who got the head next you ask? Well, a. Trio of brothers known only as
"oliver cromwell" Discussed on GONE
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Oh, that's gone and talks base dot com slash gone. Now, let's get back to our story. Now that we've delved into who Oliver Cromwell was, let's dig into his post mortem adventure, starting with what happened to his body in sixteen fifty eight after Oliver Cromwell's death, rule of the land fell to his son. Richard Cromwell, Richard however proved ineffectual ruling for only a year from sixteen fifty eight to sixteen fifty nine Richard lacked much of his father's drive by may of sixteen fifty nine, Richard resigned from office. That's when Charles the first son, Charles, the second returned home Charles. The second had fled England shortly after his father's execution. Now, with the help of the governor of Scotland, George monk, Charles reclaimed his birthright and returned home on may twenty ninth sixteen fifty nine Charles. The second was crowned king yet before Charles. The second. Could assume the role of lenient king. He had to clean house though he spared most of Cromwell's supporters, including his son, Richard, Charles, the second executed. Some fifty people on the grounds of regicide. The also demanded something a little extra, the bodies of Oliver Cromwell and his compatriots. Here's where it gets interesting during Charles the seconds attempt to clean house. He ordered all those involved in his father's demise be brought forth for a posthumous execution in January of sixteen sixty. One Oliver Cromwell's grave was raided by royalists searching for his corpse. By this point, he had been buried for about three years. Cromwell had been buried within Westminster Abbey near the Henry. The seventh lady chapel. His corpse had purportedly been hidden within a wall of the middle aisle of the church. Unfortunately, it was found an extreme d- along with the bodies of. John Bradshaw and Henry Airton Cromwell's body was taken to the red lion in in HOGAN on January twenty. Eighth sixteen sixty one two days later on January thirtieth sixteen sixty. One, Cromwell and his dead compatriots were dragged through the streets in an unwieldy sledge cart with open coffins displaying their grotesque decomposing bodies. This was an especially momentous occasion for the royalist as it marked the anniversary of Charles the first death people through food and garbage at the corpses along with obscenities. The three bodies were then taken to the gallows of London where they were hung for all the public to see their bodies were left for hours to rot in the sun until around four o'clock in the afternoon after which they were cut down. The desecration was far from over all three bodies. Were then dismembered at the joints and decapitated their heads were placed on pikes and their bodies tossed into a mass grave. In the town of Tiber, n- the heads were placed atop Westminster Abbey Charles. The second order that Cromwell's head always remain up. There untouched as a reminder to those who would dare oppose the monarch, how gruesome to think after death, your body dragged through the mud and monk, then put on display only to be cut apart and tossed aside, yes, it was truly horrific. This practice of decapitation and pike ING was along practice tradition, heads of the deceased have long been placed on the tops of castles and other major monuments. It was meant as a scare tactic to keep people in line while also displaying Power and conquest. In this case, it was a visible marker of king Charles the seconds return to the throne. And the destruction of Cromwell's Republic believe it or not. The London bridge was one of the main sites used to place severed heads. Some notable people whose heads were piked include Simon Frazier, Thomas more and John Murphy. However, all of Cromwell's head is the only one that ever notably disappeared. Assuming it was Cromwell's head. As this went on rumors began to circulate that the head and body displayed in London weren't actually Oliver Cromwell's.
"oliver cromwell" Discussed on GONE
"Listener discretion is advised. This episode includes discussions of murder, dismemberment, and the desecration of corpses. Some people may find the material offensive. Listener discretion is strongly suggested for children under thirteen. Being laid to rest cultures all around the world, share similar notions of honoring and burying the dead. Generally mourners prepare and cleaned the body dress it in fine clothing or trappings and grieve over it before finally putting them to wrist. Some corpses are cremated while others are buried deep within the earth, hopefully where they remain sometimes. However, that isn't the case since time. Immemorial grave robbers treasure hunters and thieves alike have raided the crypts of the dead searching for anything. And sometimes any one of value. This macabre practice hasn't just been reserved for the lowest of society, but some of history's leaders as well. For example, Charles the second of England and the French convention of seventeen ninety three among others Ray. Rated the graves of their opponents destroying entire legacies. Yet for one man in history, the desecration of his body sent his remains on a strange journey for almost three hundred years. That's three hundred years without so-called rest. There are those who argue, though that this law soul deserved everything that was coming to him. Of course, there are those who also say the opposite, regardless of your stance. This man went on an extraordinary if not bizarre journey after debt, or at least his head did. Hi. I'm Molly and I'm Richard, welcome to gone the show where we searched for everything missing in each episode. We examined mysterious disappearances and the theories they spawned from the amber room to Michael. Rockefeller, Picasso paintings to the trust can language the Roanoke colony to the lost Russian cosmonauts. If it's gone, we're looking for it. If you wanna listen to previous episodes, you can find them on your favorite podcast directory or on our website. Har- cast dot com while you're there, don't forget to subscribe and leave a five star review. It seems simple, but it really helps the podcast. This week. We're going to look into the strange in Macab journey of one of Britain's most notorious and possibly infamous historical figures. Oliver Cromwell to give a brief introduction. Oliver Cromwell was the leader of Britain's first Republic, following a bloody civil war after his death in sixteen fifty, eight king Charles. The second had Cromwell's corpse dug up decapitated and his head placed on a pike atop Westminster Abbey. So what makes this story? So mysterious? Well, during a storm in the late seventeen hundreds, Oliver Cromwell's rotting head fell off the roof of Westminster Abbey. The head disappeared for almost three hundred years before supposedly turning up in the twentieth century. The questions are, was this really Oliver Cromwell's head? And if so, where headed been the last three hundred years, we'll also look into the theories. About what happened to his body and the rumors surrounding his ghoulish. Exclamation. Perhaps the head famously piked atop Westminster Abbey was never Oliver Cromwell's at all. But before we get into that, let's delve into the history of who Oliver Cromwell was. Where did he come from? What did he do? And why did Charles the second want to dig up his body and sever his head. On April twenty. Fifth fifteen ninety nine? All of our Cromwell was born in Huntington England to Robert Cromwell. And Elizabeth steward, Oliver would be their only surviving son in a family filled with daughters, making him heir to the family's modest fortune. As Cromwell grew up. He attended school at the Sidney Sussex college Cambridge, a constituent college of the now famous university of Cambridge. It was here that Oliver Cromwell began to move towards more conservative theology as Sidney Sussex was driven by a strong puritan ethos at the time as a refresher. The Puritans were reformed English Protestants who rose up in the sixteenth seventeenth century. They emphasized more conservative or pure worship of God. It was because of this conservative doctrine that they spoke out against the church of England and the English reformation who the puritan. Believed weren't distancing themselves enough from the Roman Catholic church. Puritans valued hard work and strict morality, and it was this ethos that informed Cromwell, the rest of his life, Oliver left school and returned home after his father died in sixteen seventeen. He then married Elizabeth butcher in sixteen twenty together. The couple had nine children between sixteen twenty one and sixteen thirty eight. Cromwell also began his career as a parliamentarian in king Charles the first court. He represented his home county Huntingdonshire in sixteen twenty eight though it suspected. He only got his position because of his wife's family connection to powerful puritan families. As Cromwell began his tenure in parliament. He went through a sort of mid-life crisis through the late sixteen twenty S into the sixteen thirties, Cromwell sought unspecified treatment. Emotional, and physical problems. It suspected he suffered from depression and was treated by the famous Swiss-born Dr. Theodore de mayor to make matters worse. Cromwell was forced down the societal ladder losing much of his status and nobility. This was due to a dispute with the Huntington Privy Council over a new town charter. This resulted in him having to sell his land and moved to Saint Ives in England, which was considered lesser land. This was said to be the final straw that drove Cromwell to have a spiritual awakening. According to various letters. Cromwell grew radicalized in his puritan faith. He spoke of how he was chief of sinners before being saved by God, much like his faith advocated. He grew to despise Catholocism and the church of England along with its clergy. He believed England and it's kingdoms were trapped in sin and needed to be rescued. It's even been hinted that Cromwell participated in underground Convento goals or secret radical religious meetings. These were considered illegal at the time this radicalized com well-turned quite a few heads and even made some enemies in parliament. He often spoke out about the church of England and it's corruption while many may have agreed with him. His outspoken nature often left him alienated by his peers. The situation however wasn't just tense because of Cromwell's stance on religion. Much of the parliament at the time was. Annoyed with the current king. Charles, I king Charles the, I was not a popular king. He had imposed numerous taxes and loans upon his subjects after a series of unpopular wars with Spain and France. He was also known for not working well with this parliament often disbanding it whenever motions didn't go his way, these failed meetings and growing tensions forced both king Charles the first and parliament to slowly build forces against one another. Pretty soon to factions arose the royalists who were loyal to the king and monarchy, and the parliamentarians those who sought to build a Republic free from the yoke of monarchy. Both sides recruited armies and in January of sixteen forty two, Charles personally invaded parliament with armed guards to try and arrest members of parliament. He was driven away and thus the English civil wars began. As the first civil war raged Cromwell found himself on the side of the parliamentarians though he had no prior military experience. He opted to recruit troops for cavalry soldiers and also began to train as one. Cromwell proved himself a capable soldier through a series of battles. It was thanks to these battles that Cromwell was eventually put in charge of training, the parliamentarians army by sixteen forty five. Cromwell had one decisive conflicts at nays be and Langport and by may sixteen forty six king Charles was forced to surrender ending the first English civil war from sixteen forty six to sixteen forty eight. There was a lull in combat, but continued turmoil in politics. Meanwhile, King Charles rallied his forces and once again tried to take back his throne by force in sixteen forty, eight Q the second English civil war. This war however, was short lived lasting only about a year. Cromwell led his forces una for Roche's campaign across England, striking down any royalist contingents. He executed his enemies with extreme prejudice all while claiming to be God's instrument. Cromwell had used religion to justify his actions before, but not on this scale. He wrote to allies, asking them to meditate on various films. It seemed no matter what happened. Whether Cromwell lost or one God was dictating the outcome regardless of divine intervention. The second civil war came to a close in December sixteen forty eight. Pretty soon much of the old parliament was removed. Only those who supported the new model army and its senior officers known as grandees remained. This new parliament was known as the roam. The rumps first order of business was the. Execution of Charles the first with fifty nine signatures Cromwell's being the second, the execution warrant of the king was brought forth and on January thirty th sixteen forty, nine king Charles, I was executed. This sparked an uproar across the kingdom, especially in Ireland and Scotland. Cromwell's forces mobilized and engaged in a series of massacres across Ireland and Scotland. While this was going on the rub struggled. Cromwell grew frustrated with his new government's ineffectual leadership. So he used armed soldiers to disarm and remove the rump parliament on April twentieth sixteen fifty three in their place. Cromwell installed a group of like minded religious individuals. This became known as the barebones parliament. The barebones parliament didn't last long either by the end of sixteen fifty. Three, a new constitution was drafted, and Oliver Cromwell was named Lord protector of the land for life. He was king in everything title from sixteen fifty, three to sixteen fifty. Eight. Cromwell ruled hoping to. Push for more serious social and religious reform. Despite his parliament hoping for continued political reform, allowing for a better distribution of Power. Cromwell insisted on a one man government and parliament more than that. He believed in rule by God and not by the people true to his puritan background. He continually pushed for more conservative laws such as his blue laws, which outlawed blasphemy, cursing, drunkenness, and adultery. Despite his best intentions, Cromwell was accused of being a hypocrite and tyrant, no better than the king. Most had worked hard to depose to add insult to injury. He lived in the monarchy's palaces, he dressed like them and he was referred to as your highness lucky for the UK Cromwell's health had been failing him since his campaigns in Ireland. He was suffering from kidney failure due in part to a urinary infection known. On as the stone. He also had malaria. On September. Third, sixteen fifty, eight. Oliver Cromwell passed away at age. Fifty nine. A Royal funeral was held and Cromwell's body was kept at Somerset house to be prepared for burial. He was embalmed and shrouded then placed in a magnificent wooden coffin covered in Royal symbols. His funeral was held on November twenty. Third sixteen fifty eight to allow time for embalming and the lavish setup. He was given an extravagant coffin and a huge statue effigy was made in his honor. He was finally buried not soon after yet. Cromwell's corpse found no peace. Let's
"oliver cromwell" Discussed on Conspiracy Theories
"And she'd gladly show them these people included william bullock and sir joseph banks famous naturalists and scientists of the time as the years went on the hughes daughter finally was tired of carrying the severed head with no takers from us em's she finally sold it to desire henry wilkinson in eighteen fifteen the head remained in the wilkinson family's possession for more than one hundred forty years pretty soon the head took on a new name the wilkinson head during that time the authenticity of the head was called into question the first was in eighteen forty five when writer and historian of the time thomas carlyle called the head a hoax carlisle had never actually seen the head however and pass judgment entirely upon a friend's firsthand account but by this point few people cared enough about the head in fact most assumed the head was probably a fake can't say i blame them there's really no hard evidence to say otherwise what do you think i agree we really have nothing concrete to go on at this point but things did change for the skull in eighteen seventy five when another contender rose up to challenge the authenticity of cromwell's head this skull was called the shmole in skull the name shmole incomes from the museum where the skull was housed the ash million museum of oxford like the skull owned by wilkinson it had a pipe through its head leading many to believe it was really cromwell's at first the ash mullion head was declared that january article it has competition between the two heads grew demand check the authenticity of wilkinson's head did also so in eighteen seventy five famed zoologist and physician george rolleston examined both skulls to his surprise he found that wilkinson's head was not only authentic but even closer to the description of cromwell's head than the ash molin skull it boiled down to how the head was piked according to historical accounts cromwell's head was piked from the bottom to top the shmole in had had been stabbed starting from the top thus the.
"oliver cromwell" Discussed on Conspiracy Theories
"Let's dive into the theory that oliver cromwell's head took a bizarre three hundred year journey before being reburied in sixteen sixty one oliver cromwell had been dug up and his remains showcase to the world as a warning his body tossed into a mass grave and his head placed on a pike is gruesome tale to say the least for twenty five years oliver cromwell's heads stood grotesque and decayed atop a pike on westminster abbey during that time the head was only removed once for roof maintenance before immediately being placed back in its spot it was at charles the seconds behest that the head remain unmoved a symbol for cromwell ian and republic sympathizers that the crown was back in charge what follows is a story put together from various accounts of one man's heads three hundred year journey but was the head found three hundred years later re really cromwell's or perhaps was it someone else's either way it all began with the storm sometime between sixteen eighty five and sixteen eighty nine a terrible storm hit westminster as rain and thunder pelted the warned building cromwell's pike started to give the tip of the pike with cromwell's heads snapped off and tumbled away following the realization that cromwell's head was missing from its perch a massive hunt and sued posters and pamphlets were issued with the promise of reward yet nothing ever turned up cromwell's head was lost or was it well it's unclear exactly what happened anecdotal evidence suggests that the head was in fact found specifically by a guard at westminster though his name is lost at time it is said that this unnamed guard took the head back to his home remember his head was embalmed so the flesh would have been more mummified than decayed not that that makes the guard taking the head any lifts disturbing rumor had it the guard who found cromwell's head was a secret republic sympathizer and cromwell fan the guard feared the head would fall back into the hands of the crown and put back on display so he hit the head in his chimney where it remained until the year seventeen ten that's macab why not take the head to cromwell's descendants or even his daughter with her secret tomb excellent questions keep in mind this is more anecdotal than proven could be he didn't know about the secret tomb.
"oliver cromwell" Discussed on Conspiracy Theories
"Many more theories persist on cromwell's body being switched out or buried elsewhere some of these suggested locations include saint nicholas church chizik saint andrews north borough newburgh priory and even a burial on the river thames but again the only evidence to support these claims rests on hearsay that being said there are two more theories that are particularly interesting the first is that cromwell wasn't buried at westminster abbey but at the site of his greatest military victory the field at nays be where cromwell wanted decisive battle in sixteen forty five during the first part of the english civil war on his deathbed in sixteen fifty eight cromwell's supposedly ordered his men to secretly bury him on the hill this way his corpse could avoid being defiled by political opponents while digging up the graves of one's enemies wasn't common it is more than unlikely cromwell saw enemy soldiers executed and their heads piked this might have instilled fear in him according to the theory cromwell's soldiers did as they were told and in the cover of darkness reburied their leader in nays be field and plowed over it to disguise any sign of the right thus when charles the seconds men dug up cromwell's official grave in westminster abbey they found an unnamed corpse posing as cromwell so what makes this story more plausible than the others well the first piece of evidence comes from harlan miscellany who supposedly published a manuscript drawn up by the son of one of cromwell's allies john bark stead in it cromwell's last request was to be buried at maze be this story was further supported by oliver cromwell's last descendant also named oliver cromwell he claimed that his mother had told him.
"oliver cromwell" Discussed on Conspiracy Theories
"Were then dismembered at the joints and decapitated their heads were placed on pikes and their bodies tossed into a mass grave in the town of tie burn the heads were placed top westminster abbey charles the second order that cromwell's head always remain up there untouched as a reminder to those who would dare oppose the monarch how gruesome to think after death your body dragged through the mud and monk then put unto split day only to be cut apart and tossed aside yes it was truly horrific this practice of decapitation and pike ing was along practice tradition heads of the deceased have long been placed on the tops of castles and other major monuments it was meant as a scare tactic to keep people in line while also displaying power and conquest in this case it was a visible marker of king charles the seconds return to the throne and the destruction of cromwell's republic believe it or not the london bridge was one of the main sites used to place severed heads some notable people whose heads were piked include simon frazier thomas more and john murphy however oliver cromwell's head is the only one that ever notably disappeared assuming it was cromwell's head as this went on rumors began to circulate that the head and body displayed in london weren't actually oliver cromwell's there are multiple theories that cromwell's body was switched out with someone else's the first theory is that cromwell had his body switched out with that of king charles the first this theory comes from one of king charles the seconds parliamentary administrators samuel peeps peeps wrote a story claiming that cromwell head exumed several old tombs of britain's monarchy moving their corpses to destinations unknown it is because of this rumor that peop suspected that cromwell supporters switched out his corpse with charles the first since he occupied the role of the monarchy in everything but name oliver cromwell would have had access to all the royal tombs so he could've easily moved king charles the first corpse or after oliver cromwell's death his son richard who succeeded him could have access charles the first corpse.
"oliver cromwell" Discussed on Conspiracy Theories
"And twenty five dollars off and free pillow when you go to l e s a dot com slash gone and while a good night's sleep can work wonders here's another way to help manage your stress whether it's assignments piling up at work or laundry piling up at home life get stressful so get professional advice on handling anything life throws your way with talk space talk space is the online therapy company that lets you message a licensed therapist from anywhere at anytime you can discuss everyday challenges you face or just chat about life no matter what you need to get off your chest your talks based therapist is there to listen and help you just need a computer or the talk space mobile app to start your journey to a happier life your therapist will teach you practical strategies and stress management to help you make positive changes to match with a perfect therapist for fraction of the price of traditional therapy go to talks base dot com slash gone and use the code gone to get forty five dollars off your first month and show your support for this show oh that's gone and talks base dot com slash gone now let's get back to our story now that we've delved into who oliver cromwell was let's dig into his post mortem adventure starting with what happened to his body in sixteen fifty eight after oliver cromwell's death rule of the land fell to his son richard cromwell richard however proved ineffectual ruling for only a year from sixteen fifty eight to sixteen fifty nine richard lacked much of his father's drive by may of sixteen fifty nine richard resigned from office that's when charles the first son charles the second returned home charles the second had fled england shortly after his father's execution now with the help of the governor of scotland george monk charles reclaimed his birthright and returned home on may twenty ninth sixteen fifty nine charles the second was crowned king yet before charles the second.
"oliver cromwell" Discussed on Conspiracy Theories
"Execution of charles the first with fifty nine signatures cromwell's being the second the execution warrant of the king was brought forth and on january thirtieth sixteen forty nine king charles i was executed this sparked an uproar across the kingdom especially in ireland and scotland cromwell's forces mobilized and engaged in a series of massacres across ireland and scotland while this was going on the rub struggled cromwell grew frustrated with his new government's ineffectual leadership so he used armed soldiers to disarm and remove the rump parliament on april twentieth sixteen fifty three in their place cromwell installed a group of like minded religious individuals this became known as the barebones parliament the barebones parliament didn't last long either by the end of sixteen fifty three a new constitution was drafted an all cromwell was named lord protector of the land for life he was king in everything but title from sixteen fifty three to sixteen fifty eight cromwell ruled hoping to push for more serious social and religious reform despite his parliament hoping for continued political reform allowing for a better distribution of power cromwell insisted on a one man government and parliament more than that he believed in rule by god and not by the people true to his puritan background he continually pushed for more conservative laws such as his blue laws which outlawed blasphemy cursing drunkenness and adultery despite his best intentions cromwell was accused of being a hypocrite and tyrant no better than the king most had worked hard to depose to add insult to injury he lived in the monarchy's palaces he dressed like them and he was referred to as your highness lucky for the uk cromwell's health had been failing him since his campaigns in ireland he was suffering from kidney failure due in part to a urinary infection known.
"oliver cromwell" Discussed on Conspiracy Theories
"As the first civil war raged from wellfounded himself on the side of the parliamentarians though he had no prior military experience he opted to recruit troops for cavalry soldiers and also began to train as one cromwell proved himself a capable soldier through a series of battles it was thanks to these battles that cromwell was eventually put in charge of training the parliamentarians army by sixteen forty five cromwell had one decisive conflicts at nays be and langport and by may sixteen forty six king charles was forced to surrender ending the first english civil war from sixteen forty six to sixteen forty eight there was a lull in combat but continued turmoil in politics meanwhile king charles rallied his forces and once again tried to take back his throne by force in sixteen forty eight q the second english civil war this war however was short lived lasting only about a year cromwell led his forces una for roche's campaign across england striking down any royalist contingents he executed his enemies with extreme prejudice all while claiming to be god's instrument cromwell had used religion to justify his actions before but not on this scale he wrote to allies asking them to meditate on various soames it seemed no matter what happened whether cromwell lost or one god was dictating the outcome regardless of divine intervention the second civil war came to a close in december sixteen forty eight pretty soon much of the old parliament was removed only those who supported the new model army and senior officers known as grandees remained this new parliament was known as the roam the rumps first order of business was the.
"oliver cromwell" Discussed on Conspiracy Theories
"For a motion and physical problems it suspected he suffered from depression and was treated by the famous swissborn dr theodore de mayor and to make matters worse cromwell was forced down the societal ladder losing much of his status and nobility this was due to a dispute with the huntington privy council over a new town charter this resulted in him having to sell his land and moved to saint ives in england which was considered lesser land this was said to be the final straw that drove cromwell to have a spiritual awakening according to various letters cromwell grew radicalized in his puritan faith he spoke of how he was chief of sinners before being saved by god much like his faith advocated he grew to despise catholocism in the church of england along with its clergy he believed england and it's kingdoms were trapped in sin and needed to be rescued it's even been hinted that cromwell participated in underground convento coles or secret radical religious meetings these were considered illegal at the time this radicalized cromwell turned quite a few heads and even made some enemies in parliament he often spoke out about the church of england and it's corruption while many may have agreed with him his outspoken nature often left him alienated by his peers the situation however wasn't just tense because of cromwell's stance on religion much of the parliament at the time was annoyed with the current king charles i king charles the i was not a popular king he had imposed numerous taxes and loans upon his subjects after a series of unpopular wars with spain and france he was also known for not working well with this parliament often disbanding it whenever motions didn't go his way these failed meetings and growing tensions forced both king charles the first and parliament to slowly build forces against one another pretty soon to factions arose the royalists who were loyal to the king and monarchy and the parliamentarians those who sought to build a republic free from the yoke of monarchy both sides recruited armies and in january of sixteen forty two charles personally invaded parliament with armed guards to try and arrest members of parliament he was driven away and thus the english civil wars began.
"oliver cromwell" Discussed on Conspiracy Theories
"I'm excited to share this sneak peek episode of my new podcast podcast gone this episode explores the disappearance of oliver cromwell's head it's a fascinating mystery that will leave you wanting more to hear two more episodes on objects or people that vanished subscribe to gone wherever you listen to podcasts listener discretion is advised this episode includes discussions of murder dismemberment and the desecration of corpses some people may find the material offensive listener discretion is strongly suggested for children under thirteen being laid to rest cultures all around the world share similar notions of honoring and birdieing the debt generally mourners prepare and clean the body dress it in fine clothing or trappings and grieve over it before finally putting them to wrist some corpses are cremated while others are buried deep within the earth hopefully where they remain sometimes however that isn't the case since time immemorial grave robbers treasure hunters and thieves alike have raided the crypts of the dead searching for anything and sometimes any one of value this macabre practice hasn't just been reserved for the lowest of society but some of history's leaders as well for example charles the second of england and the french convention of seventeen ninety three among others ray rated the graves of their opponents destroying entire legacies yet for one man in history the desecration of his body sent his remains on a strange journey for almost three hundred years that's three hundred years without so called rest there are those who argue though that this law soul deserved everything that was coming to him of course there are those who also say the opposite regardless of your stance this man went on an extraordinary if not bizarre journey after death or at least his head did.
"oliver cromwell" Discussed on Stuff You Missed in History Class
"This is a very affluent family constant center family were part of the protestant ascendancy and this is a term that was coined in the eighteenth century to describe the domination of majority catholic ireland by a protestant and mostly english minority it was also used to describe the members of the protestant aristocracy that were part of this domination as well so even though this term came into use and eighteenth century the practices involved with it went back much farther they were largely associated with oliver cromwell's conquest of ireland and with the period following the glorious revolution in sixteen eighty eight the protestant ascendancy turned former irish catholic landowners independent farmers working for protestant landlords many of whom were english and generations later these landlords were not viewed as properly irish and we're instead described as anglo irish constant says father had at least a thousand fam families as tenants although some of his tenants managed huge acreage is that they subdivided and then leased to other tenants so he had these direct tenants and then sort of an indirect pool of tenants that some of his tenants were managing a lot of this property was adjoining lissa bell but some of it was in manchester to be clear this entire system of protestant landowners managing landed previously been owned by irish catholics directly was exploitive and unjust and it contributed to a lot of problems in irish history but as landlords went henry gorgu had a reputation for being fair and reasonable many protestant landlords were basically absentee landlords but the gorebooth family was in residence at listed l for at least part of every year henry gorebooth also charged lower rents than the market value and he ran the whole enterprise in a very organized thoroughly documented way with orderly uptodate bookkeeping.
"oliver cromwell" Discussed on Ridiculous History
"Colony legislature pass an official ban on christmas and anyone found celebrating it would be fined of five schillings but we're getting ahead of ourselves to slightly this goes back farther to a man named oliver cromwell yes yeah uh so there was a similar christmas ban in england during the rule of oliver cromwell a win parliament's was controlled by a puritan majority the appeared in parliament decided to meet christmas time a period of fasting and humiliation in prayer and prayer i s uh for all the sins of previous christmases unless his point out this oliver cromwell was no joke he was one of the signers of king charles the first death warrant which led to this admittedly brief english commonwealth uh and the ban that he imposed lasted nearly twenty years so for nearly two decades christmas carols were banned uh any kind of open a celebration of christmas was banned um and yet people held onto these traditions and had to kinda take it underground right but why did they hate christmas ban i thought this was a celebration of the birth of baby jesus well again they said there's no specific date assigned to it in the bible than their holy text so there's nothing to celebrate in their opinion and they saw it as just you know everybody using the holidays the excuse to create their own las vegas yeah but what's the origins of christmas ban we know that uh it was accused of being a to aligned with pagan traditions but where where does all they come from and how to december 25th become a thing oh man okay this is a this is a twist.