35 Burst results for "Nikolai Z"
"nikolai z" Discussed on Out of Bounds Podcast
"I don't think it came across the way at all. Yeah, this NH, I don't know. But yeah, maybe December 16th on my YouTube channel. If you are in Oslo, we're doing a launch party with this studio art studio. They're making a print. They're just made just finished the artwork today. You can get that online too if you want. So December 16th on my YouTube channel, if you're not in Norway SSM, you won't be listening to this. Magic production is stopping rounds already out, get that on iTunes. And you can follow me on Instagram and on YouTube. But actually on TikTok now too. I just got on TikTok. Are you TikTok famous yet? It seems like as a skier, it's TikTok famous as a thing. There's a lot of guys that I know now that are very TikTok famous. And I've never expecting it. Yeah, it's interesting. I'm not taking famous for sure. I like 700 followers. But I think the algorithm works better there. I'd like spreading this content that people react to. I got like one video with a 100,000 views with like 700 followers. Yeah. Yeah. So it's kind of interesting, actually, because I don't know if you remember when Instagram came around. There were some people kind of like blew up on Instagram and people weren't giving saying they were like real pros. But then after a while, you know, people like the brands at least realized I was good marketing too, and it became legitimate. So that happened on TikTok too. Yeah, yeah, it's happening. It's kind of happening slower than I expected it to, right? There are those influencers that are huge on TikTok. But it hasn't really happened in skiing. With the exception of like, I always give Kyle's man credit because that dude on TikTok is so famous, it's crazy compared to what I expected to go and see on there. Yeah. What's his name, he said? Kyle's main. Kyle's main a gala to come out. He's a professional. He's a great. I mean, he's a great guy. He's amazing. He's been on the show before too, but his videos get a ton of views, and I'm like, oh, he has like 50,000 TikTok followers and I don't know. That just seems disarming for his theory. Right. That's what I'm saying. Yeah, it's like 3 million views on this one video. That's what I'm saying. That's great. Yeah, holy shit. This guy's killing it. Well, get good on you. Yeah, awesome dude. I appreciate it. Thank you for the time. Yeah. Likewise, thanks for doing this on short notice. And see you soon. I have a good winter. That was the interview with Nikolai Schumer. I hope you guys enjoyed it. I know I did. I can't believe the surgery thing. I am still and how positive he is. It's so insane to me. So shout out to Nikolai. He's always a favorite interview of mine. Once again, you can listen to our last conversation from last year about this time. Which was also really good. He's just such a thoughtful dude and I think that comes across really well on a lot of content that he puts forward. So I hope you guys enjoyed that one. And we'll see you next week. Bye..
"nikolai z" Discussed on Out of Bounds Podcast
"On. But just messing with my head, trying to get me to hit the gym harder. And you know what? It's like, I'm not the kind of guy to hit the like I don't really get used to go to the gym a lot in my teens. But like the last ten years I've just been like rock climbing, riding bikes, surfing, skiing, like, not really doing a lot of exercise exercise, you know? Yeah, traditional workouts. And I haven't noticed, I feel like my feet has been that's good. I guess. You're doing stuff. So you're doing active things that are strenuous on the body. So yeah, for sure, for sure. And it's like, yeah, you're working out. And I think the best workout for skiing is to go skiing and the best workout for climbing is the economy, et cetera. So I kind of get the gym. Like now I'm now in a city. I'm in also, I'm staying at my girlfriend's place. I guess the physio is down here and it's like all my family's down here. This is the capital Norway. Yeah. And I kind of get that people go to the gym because it's efficient. You know, if you have a regular job and you want to work out, it's a good way to do it. So now I'm spending more time there. And I'm kind of getting into it. I'm liking the bike more than I thought I would, you know. It's funny. Skiers like you see it. I have this image of Tanner hall ingrained in my head of him just like running through the bike. I don't know if it was when he did his Achilles, or his ACL, but I just have that image of him like going hard on the bike and posting it every single day. I'm on the bike today. I'm on the bike today. I'm on the bike today. It's hilarious. Yeah. Yeah, yeah..
"nikolai z" Discussed on Out of Bounds Podcast
"I was unlike a film tour this fall. My whole movie that's coming out in December 16th gravy, which is like a 45 minute film that's coming out and I was we had like closing segment of the matchstick film and I was like holy shit, like, all this stuff is happening. And that's crazy. And I never expected that. And I'm very grateful. I was like, this could very well be the peak of my career. Who knows? Yeah, and I was like really trying to appreciate that. And then this happened right after. I was like, okay, maybe that wasn't the peak of my career. Who knows? And like, immediately, like, while I was sitting there in the snow, I was like, really hope this is not my Achilles, because I just know with the tendon injury, so I've had before like ruptures. It's taken forever. And but then I got to the hospital and doctor, he was like, it's 8 weeks. I was like, what? 8 weeks. That sounds like not a lot of the time for tendon to heal. And I started Googling and looking back and forth. And I found this, you know, in the region, ski racer, oxygen syndrome. Yeah. Yeah. So heroes Achilles same day as me, October 19th, but 2015, I think. And he was racing world cups again and I think you won February 4th. That same winter. Same season. Same season. So just over three months. And so I called his physio up. And he works in the delivery center of Norway. And he said that he just kind of randomly got in the gig because he was the physio at the Olympic center for those kind of athletes, and he said even another girl who was like the real main lady. And she knew it even better. And she'd done all the research on Achilles ruptures and like comebacks in the Norway..
"nikolai z" Discussed on Out of Bounds Podcast
"This is yeah, you can't really avoid that. And like that being said, it was very early season. It was October 19th. And there were probably more rocks than there were later in the season. But, you know, you have what's Formula One guy Schumacher crashing on the side of the piss. And my friend yakub wester, he hit a rock like mid season in chamonix, messed up is really bad. Yeah, it can happen anytime. And I think it's better too. Or I don't know about it. That was just my response. Maybe I should have been more depressed, who knows? No, probably not. No, in no way. I'm actually like an awe of that. So that's actually what I want to ask you about is when you talk about mindfulness. What does that mean? What do you do to practice that? Yeah, so it's basically so I got a lot of it from my friend he asked tinnitus like that year condition or like I guess it's actually like in mine condition where you get the sound ringing in your ear. And he had all these techniques to live with that and accept that. The only treatment for it is basically to just accept it and keep going. And so they have all these techniques where they essentially plan it. So it's like, you know how you have thoughts popping up? You think, right? You think and you feel and the normal way of being in the normal way of living at least for me was to just like, I am what I'm thinking and I am what I'm feeling. There's no filter to it. If I feel hungry, I'm like, okay, I am a hungry person right now. But the thing with or if I'm sad, I am a sad person right now. This is me, I'm sad. But with mindfulness, what you try to do is to just kind of take one step back and just kind of instead of.
"nikolai z" Discussed on Out of Bounds Podcast
"Like I would be missing that? Take a picture. I'd be like, get away from me. No chance. No, man. I was happy. I was so happy. So I felt so lucky that I was okay. And I was felt so lucky that it was, you know, it was a sunny day, it was there was no wind. I had like a baby out there to win sack. I had my Friends had some rescue foil, like it thinks, and we had we even had some painkillers. Like I guess in my old opiates. So it was like, I was just happy I was okay and that I would be able to get out of there. Without any big issues, like if it had been a whiteout and they wouldn't have been able to fly the hell, then I would have to get myself out of there somehow. With the help of my friends and that would have been a chitchat. Like we were literally on the top of the mountain. What is it like 3000 feet up or it was that far a long way down and most of it was like through a screen field, like most of the snow didn't start to less than halfway up. So more than halfway. So I was pretty happy with that. And also, just like, 'cause my buddy is scared of road in front of me and he was like at the bottom of the run before he realized I was behind him anymore. And when I realized I couldn't walk like that I was stuck and that I wouldn't rescue. I tried to check my phone and I didn't have any service. So I couldn't call for for the alley. So I was just kind of, I saw there was like an outcrop like this. I could kind of like this other part of the slope where I could crawl out too and maybe get reception. It was pretty far away. And I'd broken my hand too. So I was like, I was like, one hand, one foot. And I was like, okay, that's kind of a shit show for me to try to move anywhere. But then kind of randomly are to friends, other than it is to girls that were just coming up behind us, like they're just followed our skin tracks and just came over the hill behind us. And I was like, hey, do you guys have reception over there? Yeah, and I was like, okay, can you guys call the rescue from me? And they did. And from there, it was just like smooth sailing. The hell they came within half an hour. Let me straight to the hospital. And the rescue guy too, right?.
"nikolai z" Discussed on Out of Bounds Podcast
"That you've said all interview. I think that's like I think that's so important for people to hear that like I don't know, just the acknowledgment that you're like, okay, yeah, like this isn't, it's not against people who are white. And that's the thing that I kind of struggle with a lot. And I feel like a lot of people struggle with. It's like, it's not like people of color are like, oh, fuck everybody that's white. It's just like everybody just wants to be included, you know? Like everybody just wants to have a good time together. And that's really the difference. And I think that's a really important thing to talk about. Yeah. And I think that's kind of where I see my role in this increasing diversity in the media. And this current state is like, I want to have more diverse representation in my own media, but not necessarily talk about it in serious tone the way some diversity focused pieces are, which are really important too. But that's like, you know, I have to figure out my own role. So I think it's like having, you know, you can't see it if you can't or you can't be it. You can't see it. So having that visual there and being like showing not telling.
"nikolai z" Discussed on Out of Bounds Podcast
"Know, it's a real trendy thing for companies to say that they're carbon neutral or sustainably produced or whatever, but to be able to actually get to dig in and find out what that means will be cool. I haven't started that yet, but it's coming. Yeah. Yeah, no. I think they do a really good job. I think they do a good job at talking about the way that they're kind of giving back to they do it in a way that doesn't sound douchey. And I think that's a really, it's a really important thing. Especially for a brand like that sells $900 shelves and shit, you know, like it's like you gotta be, you gotta put yourself out there in a way that makes you seem like you're actually doing really good things for the environment in the world. And I think they are. I think they're actually a really rad company. They have a great athlete team. And yeah, I was like, as soon as I saw that, I was like, this is really cool. This is a good fit. Yeah, I think it'll be good. Do you want a painting business in the summer? Maybe. For kill fidlar skegs, hockey dog. I don't know. Those are good choices. Mary for kill. I don't know what a fit Laura is. I don't know this. No. California. I've actually been in California one time in my life. I have no idea what a fed Lara is. What the fit lar? It Laura is a sick band on California. I think they're out of Walnut Creek. If Tanner Stevens ever listens to this, he'll tell me I'm wrong in that I'm an idiot, but I'm pretty sure I remember fed Lars from the same place that Tanner Stevens from. I think I would marry hockey dad because I met them in an alley after the show in Denver one time. And the lead singer was I came up on him while he was taking a piss in the alley. Oh my God, I'm so sorry. He's like, no, no, it's okay. We had a great conversation like hung out in the VIP trailer for but it was all good. So I love them when I would marry them. The other two I just can't say 'cause I don't want to kill any of them. And I don't want to talk about the other thing. Yeah, fair enough, valid. Let's see. All right, we'll leave this as the last Instagram question. T money Jackson wants to know. Do you have a day job to fund activities or are you fully sponsor supported? Yeah, I would say neither. Okay. At this point, and that's like I said at the beginning it's been kind of I've been disappointed in myself for not getting another job in the last year. But I'm working my way up to being fully funded by sponsors, not quite there yet. But is that can I ask you like has that been difficult at all? How do you value what you do? Yes. As an athlete, that sounds very difficult, especially coming from Claire and Oliver had been before stage, you know, they were like the two big guiding lights in my life..
"nikolai z" Discussed on Out of Bounds Podcast
"I know. And there hasn't been another big snow event. So there's a lot of flood cleanup going on here in Bellingham and the trails around drainages are pretty gnarly, but yeah, not snow in the forecast. Yeah, it seems pretty fucking grim everywhere right now. I don't know, this isn't a weather podcast, but it's not exactly looking like it's exciting in the near future. Yeah. So we'll see what happens. All right, let's do why don't we do some questions? From people on the Internet, you're like the only one that I do, these questions with anymore because I think it's one, I think it's good because people actually have real questions for you. With other people, they just have, and there is dumb shit here, too. But they mainly have dumb shit. It's just like, hey, it was who's your favorite basketball player? And it's like asking this to a person who may or may not care about basketball at all. You know, it's like it's very, very bizarre. Lauren fits Morris, in case anyone was wondering. Lauren Fitz Morris is your favorite high school player? She's like from my hometown in twist and I don't actually know anything about basketball. She's like a collegiate basketball player and now she's dating so I'm super, super famous, basketball player and she was just like blew up on the Internet and makes all these videos about girls playing basketball. It's sick. She has 6 styles. Before she blew up, I was like, yeah, I'm the number one influencer at a twist Washington. I'm down to the water. Socks. That's the goal. It's just be the number one influencer coming out of twisp. Yeah. All right, first question who is actually, it's actually from another podcast. Ryan zetzer says, what's your biggest ski goal this season? Also high you rip. Thanks. I too. Compliments are not apparently going well. So. I thought, yeah. I need to work on taking this. It's fine. Well, it's like I said, I mean, I've actually thought about this a bit. And there's a lot of skiers and videos that revolve around having objectives in.
"nikolai z" Discussed on Out of Bounds Podcast
"Really, I feel like I first of all don't really get the lack of butter word like starstruck or fangirling with people who are meat who are famous where I look up to or whatever. I like to think I can keep my cool pretty well. But I haven't really gotten to work with a lot of people. I did a jiro video with brand bring him who I should be starstruck by. He's so sick. That was really fun. But aside from that, I haven't really done much aside from girls got eat dirt, honestly. Which is. Okay. So let me ask you this then. You have moved from Jay skis, two K two, which I feel like there should be like an official announcement for this. And if there was, I missed it. But are you looking forward to working with anyone there? What's the story? How did that come about? Talk to me a little bit about that. Yeah. So I spent last winter out in Washington on accident, because there was still living in Colorado, but sage and I came home for Christmas and it never stopped snowing all winter. So we just couldn't leave. And it was sick. But I ended up meeting a lot of people who either worked for me to or photographers for K two snowboarders for K two or ski for K two, and there was just this whole community of people who were really friendly and welcoming and super fun to ski and ride with and the cogs kind of started turning there, especially with like I skied with Colton Jacobs a lot who snowboards on K two stuff and shoots a lot of photos for them. And I would shoot with him a bit, but it's tough to work with photographers who are your Friends when you know you can't really sell his photos, you know? So a lot of my desire to join K two is just to be able to work with the photographers that I've met here locally. And I'm like, you know, I'm looking forward to skiing with anyways and it will just make our interest the line a bit more. But I also I think they're really sick company and they're local to Seattle where I am now. So.
"nikolai z" Discussed on Out of Bounds Podcast
"In new lenses. But I mean, it's been cool to see his progress as a photographer as well. I mean yeah. A year. Like he shot on film forever, but he bought his first full frame or whatever, I don't know anything about cameras. He bought an asic last year and now has glowed up to an a 9 and like his photos are getting really good. So that's amazing. That's always whenever people like DMV advice on how to make it, as athlete, whatever. I mean, first of all, I have not made it. I do not consider myself to have made it. But I tell them step one, get an Instagram boyfriend. I don't know how you do with that one. Yeah. I think that's the move. I think it's a good, I think it's a good thing. An Instagram significant other, you know, the guys need one too. You just need somebody on the other side of the camera. Right. And it's important. No, but honestly, I think you have a story and I think you have a personality that people are like, oh, she's fun. We want to be her friend. That's what's kind of come out the most in the last year is like people it seems like people just gravitate towards you. Thanks..
"nikolai z" Discussed on Out of Bounds Podcast
"Been a little bit like disappointed in myself for not getting a job. In the last year, I think so when we talked one year ago, I had chest left. My career job and problems before his conservation that I was all stoked about. And my original plan was to take maybe a couple month break and then jump right back into the tropical forest conservation climate policy world, but that hasn't happened yet. It's been almost one full year. And the thing I've accomplished most in the last year is painting this house, honestly. That was a big undertaking. 100% can't be true, but I'll take your word for it. There was a lot of house painting content for a while. Yeah. That was my best work, I think. So tell people about what the project was that blew up and as a little kind of like, I don't know. It's fucking got like a bajillion views on the Internet now. And I don't know, everybody that I know I've seen it, I feel like and it's the best advertising for ripped in that I've ever seen. So tell people about the project a little bit. Yeah, okay. So I made this video. It's called girls gotta eat dirt, maybe you've heard of it. Never expected it to go where it did, but it made me famous thanks Elliot. But it all started with I think I talked about it a little bit last time, but I lived with Aubrey and Claire for four or 5 years in college and we kind of cycled through by gracing by grading, writing for fun, sort of hating routing, loving writing, altogether. And we just have a really good time right in our breaks together into a lot of other stuff together too. But since no one wanted to make a video of us partying at the downer and boulder, someone didn't want to make a video of us riding bikes together. And that was Elliot, ripped in. So we filmed riding and hanging out in whatever in silverton for a few days and just got an insane amount of footage and then I spent many months sorting through it and turning it into a little something that ended up being a lot better received than we could have ever expected. Did you edit it? Did you pick that stuff? I did all the initial drafts. We didn't have any budget for that video. That was just filmed with our friends helping us out. Thanks. Sorry to exploit you. Guys. And so we didn't have an editor. So it just out there for months and then finally I was like, fuck I want to do something with this, I think. So I learned how to use premiere. And it took me so long to get through anything because my computer is definitely not up to editing the spec, but yeah, I did. I did a lot of the first picks and then my boyfriend's dad is actually a documentary filmmaker spent last winter in Seattle near his family. So that's Pete bow. He helped me kind of take it to the next level and pull the storyline out and he was yeah, very pivotal and making that happen. And then we put it through sound in color with one final guy.
"nikolai z" Discussed on Out of Bounds Podcast
"So go ahead and do that. And yeah, let me know we sent you. I think we'll do we'll probably one more on the pre roll, or in the middle, or whatever they call it. And we'll talk to you guys next week. We get I can't tell you how crazy the episodes are lately. There's ones coming up that are going to blow your mind. This won't include it. Both of these are insane. So I hope you guys enjoyed be sure to follow Delilah on social and Nikolai, follow along with everything they do. These are two of the most interesting people that I've been lucky enough to have the opportunity to talk to. So enjoy them, leave us a review on iTunes if you get the opportunity. Listen to big stick counter ja on Monday, the pursuit on Wednesdays and coffee and van chats on Thursdays. Obviously, you can hang out with me. On Tuesday. Cool. Talk to you. Bye. All right. Tell people who you are. I'm a little bit about yourself and we'll do this thing all over again. Hi, I'm Delilah. Again, actually, come to think of it. I just am so unsure why I was even on the podcast a year ago. I mean, honestly, I don't know how that happened, but you asked, that's how it happened. Yeah, I guess so. I don't know. You literally, you said that. Video. You send me a video of you throwing a basketball at a hoop backwards. And you're like, can I be on the podcast if I make this basket and you were like, and then I don't know, maybe made it maybe didn't. I don't even remember, but I was just like, all right, cool. That sounds about right. I guess in my mind, I like to think I never really aspired to the fame, you know, it all just kind of happened, but now you're making it sound like maybe at one point I wanted it a little bit. Maybe well, I think it was you were on the come up. Like I think you were at the point where people were starting to know who you were. And stuff started clicking and it started happening. So I think the timing was just good. I don't want to take credit for this newfound fame. I'm not saying that. I am just another guy taking credit for a lady doing big things in the ski industry. That's what's happening right now. Wonderful. When I write my documentary or whatever I'll make sure that attribute the come up to the first podcast. Yeah, amazing. Only a podcast. I don't know why. I've always wanted someone to ask me to do a podcast, but I've never had nobody else's.
"nikolai z" Discussed on Out of Bounds Podcast
"Hello. This is the other one's podcast. My name is Adam jabber, and we have a great set of episodes for you today. Two of my favorite ever. I got to stop saying that because I probably said that so many times nobody believes me anymore. Delilah cup who's been on the show before. So if you're looking for her background, her original story, where she came from, like, the whole 9. There's a previous episode out there with her that's really good. The current episode is all about where she's been since then, because she's kind of blown up since that since our last conversation. We've talked about, we talked about all kinds of things. I can't tell you how impressed I was with how thoughtful she was about basically everything that we talked about. Yeah, I was kind of blown away, especially at the end after we do the little question bit. She's incredibly thoughtful about race access to the mountains about the willingness to learn more and just be supportive of that. And I was super, super impressed. And honestly, kind of surprised, I wasn't expecting it to go that direction and it did, and I couldn't be more happy about it. And then we have a conversation with nicholi Shermer that is so ridiculous. You have to you have to listen. I mean, ridiculous in the best way possible. He goes through his Achilles injury, the lack of surgery, his new project, wavy, the whole the whole 9. It's amazing. I'm so excited for you guys to listen to this one. It's been I've been thinking about it basically since the second I recorded it. It was great. So shout out to Nikolai, shout out to Delilah. This is the best one too that I think we've ever had. And so for you guys to listen to it. So before we jump into the episode, we have a couple sponsors for today, including our friends at on X back country. Onyx makes basically a mapping software for you to download on your phone. You can basically anybody in North America has access to everything. You can get all the data that you need, all the mapping and slope angle and this is such a unique tool in the back country space right now that I think it's almost a must have for most for just about anybody that wants to be in the background that wants to go touring that wants to go out there and check out new lines. And go ski some stuff that maybe you don't have a ton of information on X is there for you for that. And you can save 20% on your purchase of Onyx.
Nancy Pelosi Blocks Members of Congress From Honoring Fallen Military Service Members
"Who are the democrats. It's not just biden yesterday. The speaker of the house the most powerful democrat outside of the white house obstructed the reading of the names of our servicemen and women killed in kabul yes. Nancy pelosi refused to allow a double amputee. Brian mass combat veteran to go through with the reading of the thirteen. Who died because of biden's decisions. Well we will pay them tribute here on america first. These are those who gave the ultimate sacrifice and did so unnecessarily marine corps lance corporal. David l. espinosa twenty years. Old texas marine corps sergeant nicole g. twenty twenty-three sacramento california marine corps staff. Sergeant darren hoover thirty one salt lake city Staff sergeant ryan see now. It's twenty three tennessee. Marine corps corporal hunter lopez twenty two years old california marine corps lance corporal riley j. mccollum twenty years old jackson wyoming marine corps lance corporal. Dylan merola twenty years. Old california marine corps lance corporal kareem nikolai twenty years. Old california marine corps sergeant. Joe hannie rosarito pichad twenty five years old lawrence massachusetts marine corps corporal humberto sanchez. Twenty two indiana marine corps loves corporal. Jared m schmitz twenty montana navy hospital coleman max soviak twenty two years old berlin heights ohio then lastly marine corps coporo dagan w page twenty-three omaha nebraska. They gave the last full measure so authors could live but they needn't have died
Nicola Tesla: Let There Be Light
"Is no subject more captivating more worthy of study than nature to understand this great mechanism to discover which forces on active and the laws which govern them is the highest aim of the intellect of man nature has stored up the universe infinite energy com infinite energy in the universe. Indeed nicholas stand by the statement and goes on to explain his desire to tap into this infinite energy but the immigrant continues he will not wax philosophical tonight rather you'll contend himself with explaining and demonstrating one of the most important issues facing the world at present namely the production of a practical and efficient source of light going into professor mode the ingenious serb scratches out formulas on the chalkboard that high frequency alternating current the way forward. That's a claim that his former employer. Thomas alva- edison would certainly reject yet. Nikola argues alternating. Current could cindy electricity hundreds of miles but as intellectual as the audience in this packed lecture hall might be why just tell them about the virtues of alternating current when you can show them nikola flips a switch on his wooden desk. He's just engaged. A motor high frequency alternator and as he does so an arc in sparks. Jump between two poles incredible. But that's nothing. The lincoln venter's just getting started with the lecture halls lights dimmed nikolai now. Picks up to gasfield tubes that is geissler tubes holding one in each hand as he stands between the two large hanging zinc sheets. They start to glow americans essentially from now. Might look at these think lightsabres. Well these nineteenth century americans aren't far off from that one reporter here. Tonight will later. Describe the scene quote like aluminum held in the hands of an archangel. Those quote others are just lost as to how nikolai's doing it. The electrical review will write quote. Here mr tesla seem to act the part of a veritable magician close quote
Extreme Heat in the West to Send Temps to Triple Digits
"The west is broiling. Excessive heat warnings are in effect again today from phoenix where today's forecast was one hundred. Twenty degrees to eastern montana where some farming towns braced for highs close to one hundred ten. Npr's kirk siegler reports. There is little relief in sight. For the drought stricken region. How hot is it. It's like opening an oven when you're baking pie. Captain scott. douglas is a paramedic with the phoenix. Fire department the city is open sixty six cooling refuges and hydration stations at parks libraries and pools. It's hot and people say it's a dry heat. And i'm like well you know what when it gets two hundred seventeen hundred and eighteen degrees. It doesn't matter if it's dry. Moist phoenix broke records last year. For hitting a hundred degrees or higher for more than one hundred and forty four days last year was also a record wildfire year and much of the west and every day. There's a headline screaming. This summer could be worse arizona. Lawmakers are holding a special session this week to consider a hundred million dollar emergency bill for firefighting and prevention in nevada were invasive grasses and drought have fueled record range fires lately. Firefighters have been dealing with one hundred degree temperatures for the past two weeks. Paul peterson is the fire management officer for the federal bureau of land management. They're typically we wouldn't have a heat and winds until mid july. So i'm hoping that's not an indication of what we're going to see in the future. He's hoping that the monsoon rains arrive this summer. They were no-show last year. Meteorologists are blaming this blistering event on a heat. Dome stubborn high pressure ridge. That's blocking cooler systems. Nikolai rymer is with the national weather. Service in billings. Montana where the forecast. Hi today june fifteenth is one hundred six. We are very close to the hottest temperatures that we've ever recorded here rhymer says scientists can't pinpoint any one heat wave like this on climate change but he says the record drought and extremely low humidity. Right now is making the heat. Even worse
China Filed a Patent Application for a COVID Vaccine Before Admitting Outbreak
"Couple more gems in here as well. Ladies and gents. It appears that Chinese military scientists filed a patent application for a covid vaccine. On February 24th of 2020. 2020 what today's date. Can you double check this? Monday, June 7th Wait, Let me go to the map. Google calendar. Let me see if we have that. Oh, 2021. Yes, that is correct. So that sounds like a while ago. February of 2020. They were looking for a vaccine. How are they looking for a vaccine? If they didn't know this was going to happen, and it had just come from a pangolin or some bat soup with some American it or something. How did how did they know that? How did they know it would become a global pandemic and therefore they put in some patent for a vaccine? You want me to read from the peace in case you think we're just throwing this out there? The applicant is listed as the Institute of Military Medicine Academy of Military Sciences of the P L. A. And the lead inventor is military scientists. Ju use in why you s e n Professor Nikolai Petrovsky from Flinders Institute in Australia, who had developed the Covid 19 vaccine said the early timeframe left open the possibility that Chinese scientists were working on a vaccine
Washington DC schools hope to pack extra learning into summer break
"An eye on summer and how very different it will be for some of our kids this year. Now, that certainly has not been a normal school year. And for many students in the district this summer break won't be normally they're extra learning will be happening all throughout the summer. Not only is the entire DC public school system off In summer programs across every grade level. Each school is developing summer learning plans to sign to serve 10 to 35% of each school's population. We will design the programs for students who would most benefit from the additional support. Cory Colgan, the school system's chief of teaching and learning, says it's important for students to have opportunities to catch up and start feeling more normal again. We are working on the approaches to recovery that will help accelerate student learning registration for this. Summer programs will be made available early next month. Nikolai Nellie, double duty o P. News
A Conversation About Section 230 and the Future of the Internet
"Week. Senior reporter addie robertson. Who have heard on the broadcast many times before held an event about section two thirty. That's the law that says platforms aren't liable for their users publish. It is a critical lot. The internet also just turned twenty five years old last month. So addy held an event with a keynote by senator. Amy klobuchar democrat from minnesota is one of the sponsors of the tech act. That's an act that would reform section to thirty as well as a panel featuring michael chia. Who's the general counsel video sedan. Harry is a researcher writer. And a strategist human attack and amana keeping general counsel at wicca media which runs wikipedia. Talking about where section two thirty is where might go in the future. So we're going to run some highlights of that event for today addie and russell are gonna join talk about how it went and what they heard what they thought and as it happens here right now. Russell has done good. Love it addie. Congratulations on your event. It was a good one. Hey thank you so. Tell me how you think. The event went. And then i'm going to hand over the episode to you and we can listen to some highlights and talk it through. But how do you think of went. I thought it went well. One of the things i like about. Section two thirty is that. It's just a really weird conversation that people kept asking okay. What sides her can there are like fifty different sides and we had a really pretty interesting spread of perspectives and senator klobuchar speech was really good scene. Setter and i'm overall pretty happy. Yeah you know. What i thought was really interesting. Just as i watched the whole event senator klobuchar has some very strong perspectives. About what can be done in those perspectives. We're definitely not shared by the entire panel. In fact the safe tech act is it's it's always interesting to me to hear. Senators talked about their own legislation. 'cause they always make it seem so common sense but it's actually quite controversial. Some of the changes that she was proposing. Oh yeah absolutely well and also like you know. She addition to talk to thirty. She takes a pretty hard line on antitrust. I was actually surprised by how sort of enthusiastic she was about it. And i sort of imagine. The video guy is sitting there easter like. She's talking about breaking up google. He's like yeah. Okay a lot of the sort of civil society tech people which this is part of what we wanted to introduce the conversation like. They don't have a problem with antitrust. They are mostly hoping that section two thirty doesn't get changed in a way that makes it impossible to have wikipedia exist and then bringing up things like misinformation also just throws its own kind wrench into things because that's actually not largely problem that addressed with section two thirty and so you end up slipping weird stuff like first amendment reforming there. Yeah this was. I think is the panel went on the combination of we think facebook too big but if we changed to thirty to punish facebook we might end up punishing ourselves and then senator klobuchar talking about an inch. Just dead ahead. And even to some extent bringing up the idea of breakup as a potential remedy. All of that is a swirl and we've been talking on swirl for for some time and it was just really interesting to hear the spread of perspectives during this event. So at russell. I'm excited for this. Why don't you start and take us through this event and what we heard. Yeah absolutely. I think the one thing i want to start with this sort of like the chronological beginning. But like you know. I always like it when these things make a little news. And i think i was very interested to hear santa club. Stars line on antitrust. She sort of coming to the fore of like the democrats antitrust policy. She wrote a book called antitrust and is the chairman of the subcommittee on competition policy antitrust and consumer rights which is basically the senate home for antitrust policy so she's really sort of at the forefront of it and i thought it was interesting she a lot of time she gets gloucestershire's like this moderate voice but she was pretty harsh on facebook. Here we have. We have this clip at the root of this problem lies the ability of a few companies to act as gatekeepers and as we see when they dominate markets exclude rivals buy out their competitors. We've got a problem. In the emailed words of mark zuckerberg. These businesses are nascent but the networks established. The brands already meaningful. And if big go to a large scale could be very disruptive to us they could be very disruptive to us. I always about the tech industry was about disruption it's about disrupting the status quo and bringing in new good ideas that basically blow up the marketplace in a positive way we can't have monopoly stopping disruption so in a way the work i am doing is simply a reply to that email so the interesting thing so this was this was something that we had on the site like dual casey and nikolai byline. When the antitrust hearing happened he's talking about instagram and path so instagram they bought path proved not to be disruptive to facebook. I think it's fair to say but this is not a public statement. He meant to make. And i do think i don't know i mean do do we do. We hear this. And think like amy kluber. Shar is on team break-up facebook it feels like it will qualify that by saying at the very least it's team don't let facebook acquire anybody else. Yeah but team break-up facebook. I don't know it definitely seems like it's on the table ray. Which is very interesting so there have been on the left. A lot of really aggressive sort of pushes for stronger antitrust like we need some new like we need to empower the justice department. We need some new legislation that will enable us to kind of go after these businesses more heavily. And it's fairly recent that closure is trying to to kind of lead that i mean she just. She's only now coming to the to the lead on this committee. And i think because she ran in the democratic primary sort of as a moderate voice. She's been glossed as like. Well she's not in the end gonna like usher in this new era of trust busting but then elsewhere in the keynote. She's talking about well. You know it worked pretty well when we did this against. At and i mean. I don't know. I'm still kind of undecided. It's always hard to know how committed people are going. It's going to be a really politically difficult road to walk. If they move on. you know.
Return to Dyatlov Pass
"Nineteen fifty nine. The bodies of ten young students experienced hikers and skiers were found in bizarre and puzzling ways strewn over a forested mountain tap. Their deaths would remain a mystery until a week ago. I kid you not. This is the story of the die off pass so again starts in one thousand nine hundred fifty nine. There's a group of early twenty somethings. They're all in their early twenties from like twenty two twenty three to one thirty eight year old outlier to kind of lead them has a little bit more experience under his belt. And they all study at the euro polytechnical institute and it was an organized skiing expedition across the euro mountains in the soviet union. Eager deitz lov. Three year old radio engineer was kind of the leader who assembled everybody asking nine of his college friends. Eight men and two women to join up again. I'm sorry if i mispronounced names. I'm bound to do that. Even deitz love pass. Was his stretch for me so again. Apologies in any case. All of them were experienced great to hikers with lots of skiing experience. Also it was kind of going to be a high scoring hybrid trip. And when they returned all of them would be receiving their grade three hiking certification which is really impressive. It was the highest certification available in the soviet union and required candidates to climb over a hundred ninety miles. The route was designed by dight loves group to reach the far northern regions of spurred lofts oblast and approved by the sverdlovsk city. Route commission even though it was supposed to be the most difficult time to take that route. The goal of the expedition was to reach a tort in our which is a six point. Two mile high mountain semi-in terry of who is previously certified to go with another expedition of similar difficulty. Decided to go with the dice. Love group on twenty third of january nineteen fifty-nine semyon Law of yuri. D'oro anco ludmila duhniah yuri christmas chanko alexandra Love tov is a nedia. Colomer dorota rustam slobodan nikolai thebault bre goals alexander and your yudin all left on their expedition. The group arrive by train at dell small town in the middle of spare lofts ups done two days later then. They all took a truck to his high where they bought a bunch of bread and carb loaded for the next day's start when the actual hike would begin as they hiked one. Member your yudin. Who suffered from several health ailments. He had rheumatism. And a congenial heart defect decided to turn back his knees and joints for giving him a pretty hard time. It would be a decision that saved his life on january thirty first. The group arrive at the edge of a highland area and began to prepare for climbing. They secured food and equipment. There that would be used for when they would come back through the next day. The ten plan to get over the pass and make camp for the next night on the opposite side but bad conditions snowstorms and decreasing visibility. Made them lose their direction and push the group more west than they had planned when they realized that they were more west than they should be. Group decided to just set up camp right on the slope of the mountain rather than move a couple of miles downhill to a forested area. Which would have offered a little bit of shelter from the weather. Diaries and cameras founder on their last campsite possible to track the group's route up until this point which is really a really profound part of the story to see their writing and to see the pictures they had a camera. The film was developed after the fact so it feels very very spooky in that way and they're all so young and very positive and optimistic and really excited about each other. And the you know exploring the mountaintop the group had so much ahead of them and they talk about what they were studying and how that was significant to this expedition but unfortunately that night would be the last day that they would all be alive before leaving on the expedition. Dight love told the university sports club he would send telegram no later than february twelfth on the twelfth passed and no messages have been received there was no immediate reaction because it was pretty normal to encounter delays etc but on february twentieth. Travelers relatives demanded a rescue operation. And the head of the institute sent the first rescue groups consisting of volunteer students and teachers
Winter Snowstorm to Arrive in Washington DC Area This Weekend
"Storm warning in effect for most of the region with a winter storm watch in effect. For the northern suburbs from snow expected to move in after midnight. This will be the biggest winter storm we've seen in a while, but believe it or not, we've actually lucked out with this one. Thanks to the timing of it. Most of the wave of storm energy is going to be on Sunday, so we won't have the rush hour factor. Well, that's good news. But it doesn't mean we're not going to have some pretty significant issues on the roads throughout Monday, with potentially more snow falling, plus freezing rain and ice pick a +12 punch one system than another National Weather Service meeting. Urologist Kevin Witt. It's gonna be an impactful storm, promising to bring the most snow we've seen since 2019. That year. A January storm dumped 10 inches of snow that in February. Another brought us about three inches. Nikolai Nelly w T o P News It is 404. The
Navalny releases recording of call to his alleged poisoner.
"Released a recording of a phone call on monday. He said he made to an alleged state. Security operative who revealed some details of how the politician was supposedly poisoned and meteoroid identified as a member of a team that is reportedly trails navalny for years. The man in the recording indicated that he was involved in cleaning up navalny's clothes said that they wouldn't be any traces of the russian president vladimir putin's top critic fell into a coma while on a domestic flight over siberia during the coded call. The man said that if the plane hadn't made an emergency landing the situation would have turned out differently. The man who was named in a news report last week is an operative from russia's. Fsp domestic security agency pointed to navales underwear as a place where the substance that poisoned politician may have been planted. Navalny fell sick during the flights on august twentieth in russia was flown to berlin while still in a coma for treatment. Two days later. Labs germany france and sweden and tests by the organization for the prohibition of chemical weapons established. He was exposed to soviet era novichok nerve agent. Russian authorities have vehemently denied any involvement in the poisoning. The video showed him speaking on the phone with one of the alleged operatives belling cat and other meteorite. Let's identified the man as constantine could drive. Staff trained chemical weapons specialist. Nevada only introduced himself as an aids to russian security council secretary nikolai patrol chef and said. He urgently needed to debrief the man on what had happened in another siberian city. Tomsk where the politician believed he was poisoned. The conversation lasted forty five minutes. Valley said the man on the other end of the coal indicated that he was involved in the processing of navanly's clothes so there wouldn't be any traces. The clothes navalny was wearing when he was hospitalized in a coma of not being returned to him when nevada asked him which item of clothing bore the highest concentration of the toxin. The man said it was the underwear. He suggested that the substance was absorbed quickly and that was why no traces of it could have been found on the politicians body. The most prominent member of russia's opposition alexina valmy campaigns to challenge ladimir putin in the two thousand eighteen presidential election but was barred from running
UN Mideast Envoy Nickolay Mladenov; Celebrating Hanukkah
"In two thousand fifteen. Former bulgarian minister of defense and farm minister. Nikolai mladenov was appointed by then. Un secretary general bunk moon to serve as the special coordinator for the middle east peace process since then. Nikolai has served with distinction. Doggedly working to stave off conflict escalations to speak up against comas. terror and to speak up for palestinian needs. Nikolai will soon be leaving his post and he has graciously agreed to join us now on people of the pod to share his thoughts before he does nikolai. Thank you for joining us. Thank you for having now. You and i recorded a podcast interview. Two and a half years ago at the ajc global forum two thousand eighteen in jerusalem. Your very first answer began. And i quote right now. There is practically no peace process because there are no talks were very far from the conditions. Which would make such talks meaningful and to add an additional complication to that the palestinians. The americans don't talk to each other unless i'm mistaken. You could answer this first question in a similar way today. What are the prospects right now for israeli palestinian peace. Well if i had to ended my answer two years later i will delete the word practically everything else stats because there is no peace process. I don't think either. The palestinian or the israeli side are in a position to initiate meaningful discussions on issues. That would actually lead to sustainable solution to the conflict. Of course the palestinian hopeful that was the new american administration. Coming in this will change. I would argue that. What is important are the conditions on the ground. Firstly leadership on both sides for their own reasons different reasons for their own reasons is not in a position to initiate such discussions. Secondly i think the region has shifted in a different direction with different threats. The region has identified as more of a priority. And thirdly i think demands a very serious effort by the international community to create the conditions that are necessary to sustain such meaningful negotiations. Would i were argue. Is that right now. Both sites needs to do unilaterally some positive confidence building measures so that some of the trust that is nice. Sue for negotiations to be meaningful can be rebuilt. And there's a lot of stuff that can be done by both. Israel is under postseasons to that when last we spoke. You also said that. The situation in gaza to which i know you've paid a tremendous amount of attention and invested a tremendous amount of time. You said that that situation was extremely desperate. Has life improved at all for the people living in gaza. I don't think i can say that. It has improved. I think it's actually on a number of fronts become much worse with covert democ now. In fact only a couple of weeks ago we came up with some new research which we published and tens of thousands of gaza have lost their jobs because of the economic socio economic crisis caused by the virus endemic. We've seen a rapid increase in the number of people who need food assistance and a healthcare system in gaza which is on the verge of collapse. It is only managing to do with the cases that now the coronavirus cases that it has because of the extensive assistance the un in coordination with israel and with the palestinians provides to hospitals. Be that ventilators face masks desk kids. Whatever is necessary but no live. there hasn't improved and the only way that you can see. Life in gaza. Improving is if you have a combination of the following factors. One is the legitimate palestinian authority. Government comes back in takes control from hamas islamic jihad not various militants. Dinner there so that they put weapons into their control and reduce the risk security risk on the grounds secondly that israel reopened some of the closings on gaza in terms of limitations. What can go in. Because of the fear that julius materials that go into gaza get used for rockets or other terror related activities. Pick and that is. How lights can normalize but sadly we're more in a state right now off preventing wards and actually trying to build a sustainable peace as far as gaza is concerned have been many attempts to restart internal palestinian negotiations. All of them sadly failed the title of the job that you are preparing to leave is special coordinator for the middle east peace process. I know that often middle east peace process refers just to this kind of one long running conflict in one corner of the middle east. So does your remit nikolai. Does it touch on any of this kind of news. Between israel and arab states. my job title was invented. I don't think there was any there. Were any other conflicts in the middle east and this was the goal to conflicts for everyone. Since then they've been too many. And i wish there would be a general middle east peace process if you wish that involves all the countries in the region from libya to yemen to iraq and lebanon syria. Whatever lives who have my remits currently is on the israeli palestinian fronts. Only however i think that if you look more strategically how to resolve this really frozen conflict if you wish between israelis and the palestinians you tune in to bring the arabs it and this is something that we've been arguing for way back before even president obama's time the quartet it's national quartet needs to open up and engage with the arabs more openly and more constructively and perhaps in the future that will be more possible because of the abraham accords. Andy situation which you have now. I've been a strong advocate of bringing in the arab countries because i think in the current strategic and geopolitical environment neighboring benefits to all sides and to the region as a whole their key to stability and to promoting tolerance in the middle east they are critical to creating economic opportunities of engagement between israel and the gulf states trade tourism culturally -education exchanges. Their critical if you wish to supporting the palestinian authority in terms of funding and donations the un's activities on the coronavirus on any as crisis that we have so their strategic partners and swap. My term care. I've spent a substantial part of my time. Travelling to the gulf to egypt to jordan to other arab countries constantly briefing them consulting with them and bringing them. It's just a few months ago. When the annexation was still an issue of public debates in israel. I made it very clear publicly. That israel has a choice either to go down. The road of annexation which would have been against international law would create all kinds of security and other problems on the ground and would have alienated the arab countries or go down the road of normalization which actually creates opportunities for the future. And really glad that that's where we are today.
Inauguration meeting with Washington DC Del. Norton abruptly canceled
"Seven weeks from today. But not even DC's delegate in Congress knows what to expect. The best guess is they don't know what they're doing. DC Congressional delegate Eleanor Holmes Norton had a phone meeting set for yesterday to discuss Inauguration Day plans with President elect Joe Biden's inaugural committee. But that meeting was abruptly canceled, leaving a long list of quest. Jensen answered. It seems clear to me that the inauguration committee is trying to figure out for itself. What to do. The crowd capacity limits for Inauguration Day aren't known yet. But Norden, another representatives have been getting a ton of request for tickets. Norton's office alone has received more than 1000 requests, and she can only tell those people to stand by until more information is available. Nikolai Nelly. W T O P News last week Right before Thanksgiving, President Trump
Bill that could let more Washington, DC prisoners out early clears committee
"Release has been approved by committee on the D C council. Currently, prisoners convicted of violent crimes can ask to be freed before they complete their full sentence if they've served at least 15 years and were convicted before they turned 18 years old. Be expanded to include those convicted before they turned 25 under the bill that now heads to the Full D. C council. Well, criminal justice reform advocates say young offenders should be given that Chance. Council member married Shae voted no saying it doesn't put enough weight on statements from victims and their families should be greater recognition to the victim's position. DC's police department is strongly against it, saying it would allow hundreds of violent gun offenders to be released early. Nikolai Nelly. W T. O P News Jefferson
Onion Domestication and Improvement
"We're going to talk about domestication again of a unique vegetable and when you ask people what their favorite vegetable is very few people say the onion however it's hard to think of vegetable or plant item for that matter. That has a more ubiquitous place in our culinary universe. It's you know the powders. The the the the basic parts of onion are important flavor in many different things that we consume and i think about just about everything i cook starts chopping up and onion so i wanted to pursue. Where did it come from. How did we get it. Where is it going. And so we're speaking with dr mike heavy. He's a he works with the. Usda agricultural research service in madison wisconsin and also as a faculty member in a department of horticulture. So welcome to the podcast. dr heavy. thank you so much. This is really cool. I think i actually got to see you. Give a talk once. And i can't remember where it where it was but i think what did you ever give talk in savannah georgia at the national onion association meeting. Yes i did about four five years ago. We had a joint meeting between the national onion association and then all the research community. I think we met there. Yeah that's i seem to remember that. Yeah i think. I may have asked you at the time too. If you'd be a guest on the podcast and just takes time so. Let's talk about onions. Like i mentioned before it has such an important culinary value. Where did it come from end. Do natural populations still exist. So the onion like many of our grain and vegetable and fruit crops was domesticated in central asia specifically iran. Turkmenistan afghanistan that area and it spread from there around the world and is now consumed in produced on every continent except in artika. There are still the most closely related. Wild specie is called alien babalola by and that grows naturally still in the kopech. Dr region which forms the border between northern iran and southern turkmenistan. And so the wild relatives still exists. There probably was in prehistory was more widely distributed but We can still find alien. Below by inet area oval ovalles. That was a discovery or at least a characterization by vavilov the species is named after him. Allie taxonomy in the former soviet union named this wild species after nikolai. About by batalov. Okay i never remember seeing so much about his his expeditions into places like iran. Turkmenistan you that he was Know prolific in that area. So but that makes sense to when you talk about the species of wild onion. I know that even here in florida there are things that they haul a florida. Wild onion and in chicago is named by from indigenous peoples term for stinky onion. So are these related to the major culinary onions or are these some kind of distant relative first of all the alliens. The genus of onion is distributed around the northern hemisphere and here in north america. Most albums have a seven chromosomes whereas onion and garlic chai have a basic chromosome number of eight. So they're distant relatives and we can't cross them with onion but they do have unique flavors in many places there still collected in consumed but really are very distantly related to the onion that we know. Have there been any efforts that you're aware of to domesticate those regional varieties that are grown with the seven chromosome ones that are growing around. Say the native united states. Yes you do find him showing up. Sometimes farmers markets different species out west in the california in the rockies. There are numerous albums that can be collected in consumed but to my knowledge. There's no effort to really Breed them in and develop some unique flavors or production characteristics from them so the primarily just collected so when you talk about the actual album that was used that is the forefather of the modern onion. Who was really the first to domesticate that they would have been probably nomadic tribes in central asia most of the central asian republics of the former soviet union onion and many of its wild relatives naturally exist and probably these people's started collecting him in eating them initially and ultimately i feel Asexually propagated them. Much like you would. Shall it today break apart. The basal plate planet and then i think probably seed production at conscious breeding occurred later but it would have been nomadic tribes in central asia tens of thousands of years ago they mostly use it for food flavoring or were there other potential uses of onion now. That's an interesting question that has been quite a topic of debate. A couple of things may have played an important role in the domestication of onion. One of them is that Because it was an editorial form is a perennial grows every year. It sprouts very early in the spring and many of your listeners may grow chives and the green leaves of tribes. Come out very early in while alley. That's true as well. It's not a good source of vitamin c. But it does have vitamin cs. I think you could think about a nomadic tribes taking advantage of that early green growth of the leaves in the spring as a source of vitamin c and potentially other vitamins and flavorings but the taste is also has to have an effect. I think and. I wonder if maybe wasn't important to mask off. Flavors maybe for some ranson meets or different foods that may not have it have an off taste and that maybe the early domesticated is used that straw salt pungency flavor compounds in the album's to their benefit.
"nikolai z" Discussed on Sustainability Explored
"What the production to something less dangerous for the humanity often times. It works. Sometimes it doesn't it depends on how much resources can be brought from the outside, you know to facilitate this transition. It depends on many things from soil and climate sure where exactly is this particular moment and what they encouraged as opposed to International organizations. So yes, it is possible, but it is not easy. It is expensive and it's also very fragile off. I think it needs a lot of support. Yes. Well, I think Nikolay we have played our part today in communication and education on the topic back to wrap it up one last question. I usually ask my guests. Could you provide one piece of advice for the listeners of sustainability export with the angle on the topic that we have just discussed. Well since since we're discussing the conflict of similar amounts, I would say at this is an area which still doesn't have enough attention doesn't have enough exposure environmental issues. Luckily or unluckily are known and acknowledged enough climate change is everywhere people know that but the conflict dimension of environmental degradation. I think still could use a bit more attention because that birth Eventually over the mail also improve the situation diminished the month inputs and conflict areas. And again, we should remember that when the conflict already burning nobody would listen to those things. So we didn't need to talk about them before in advance before I had because that way somebody will at least remember that this is mature Faith. So I would bring it up and bringing people of understanding this bringing children up understanding this is extremely important. So I would say I would appreciate if off listeners would try to learn more about this particular connection, maybe spread the words and maybe see if they can also contribute so building the snow and it should be loading this understanding worldwide brilliant were Awards. Thank you so much for your time. I really enjoyed our conversation and I really hope my listeners our birth. Which nurse will follow your lead your example and your advice? Thank you very much and all the best in your tough and so important work off too much on that. It was my pleasure as well. Thank you very much for being with us today for listening to this episode The Unusual episode that we have dedicated to the international day of or prevention of exploitation of environment in war and armed conflict zones. As always if you have any questions to me or Nikolai, please don't hesitate to reach out off Lincoln. If you like the podcast, you know what to do subscribe share on your social media and leave a review on the platform you're listening on if you leave a review on our Chaser page page will reply to you in person as I always do I used to suggest some other related episodes. But today there is nothing I can suggest to you in terms of what we have already dead. Recorded for sustainability export instead, I would suggest you watch movies such as scared lens and wounded lives the environmental footprint of war zone and the age of consequences. So these are my tools has suggestions go through the reports of osc organization for security and cooperation in Europe map of Nations development program environment program also has some very good resources to to read to go through to educate yourself on finally reached out to me on LinkedIn challenge me with your questions suggest topics just guests topics. You'd like me to cover in the future. You will find this interview on our 76,000 platforms podcast platforms as well as on YouTube. We also have a Facebook group a LinkedIn page where we can all engage in exchange of ideas. So joining this was dead. Inability explored episode number 60 season 5 and me your host and Natasha. Thank you again for listening for being with us today and always and until next time next Thursday. Take care. Stay sustainable, bye-bye..
"nikolai z" Discussed on Sustainability Explored
"Hi and welcome to sustainability explored every week this podcast navigates a new topics through interviews with the most disruptive mines in sustainability. Turn in Vero Xperience is working behind the scenes into actionable advice. You can apply in your life no matter your background. My name is Anam. I'm an environmentalist sustainability consultant and the host of The Gong Show today. We don't have a very usual episode. It's going to be very different from weather actually recorded for the past year-and-a-half almost 2 years. I want to dedicate this episode to the environment exploitation in war and conflict zones on this day nineteen years ago. So it was five of November two thousand and one the UN General Assembly during coffee and stay newer as secretary-general declared six of November of each year as the International Day 4 p.m. Until the exploitation of the environment in war and armed conflict zones of this observance secretary-general ban ki-moon has since written off we must use all of the tools at our disposal from dialogue and meditation to prevent diplomacy to keep the unsustainable exploitation of natural resources from fueling and financed and armed conflicts and destabilizing the fragile foundations.
Over a century ago, masks were controversial during the 1918 flu pandemic
"Voting during a pandemic is something the U. S has done before during the midterm elections in 1918, when the Spanish flu pandemic was ravaging the country for historian. Nothing whatever unprecedented. Tom Ewing is a history professor at Virginia Tech, and he cites eerie similarities between now in 1918. Back then, some communities required masks for voters and large public gatherings had to be canceled. But the situation wasn't politicized in the way that it is now. When people disagreed with the policy, they didn't say. Was because someone so with a Democrat, a Republican, and the role of the federal government was much less significant. Voters listened mostly to state and local health officials and didn't turn to the president for leadership. That just was not the role of the president. Early 20th century That's one striking difference. Nikolai Nelly w T o P
Music from Russian Operas
"Hello I'm Naomi Lewin welcome to classics, for? Kids That's the pollen is from Modesto oxy's Opera Boris, Godunov, today music from operas by some other Russian composers. They call me Kyle Glinka, the father of Russian classical music. You hardly ever see Glinka opera Muslim and Ludmilla, but you hear the overture all the time. Well at least loosely, Ludmila has been performed. That's more than you can say for some operas. Lada flopped twice the first time a Russian theatre s four different composers to collaborate writing a combination opera ballet that Malaysia was never performed. Then rimsky-korsakov who was one of the four composers recycled the music he'd written into a Milonga of his own that Lada lasted all of six performances. If you've been Mada is a funny title. Sergei Prokofiev opera called the love for three oranges. The love for three oranges is about a prince who finds the princess he loves inside an orange one of three oranges. Love is a big problem for the title character in an opera by Tchaikovsky called Eugene on Yagan. A girl named Tatyana in love with you gene on Yagan but he doesn't fall in love with her until it's too late and she's married to someone else the two of them always seemed to be meeting up at a ball. So Tchaikovsky put plenty of dance music including this waltz into his author. Part of Modesto Resorts Skis Opera Boris good enough takes place in a Polish court where they do a Polish dance, the pullen his. Another Russian opera with famous dances in it is by Alexander Barra Dean Borodino was a professor of chemistry who only got to write music in his spare time. His only opera was prince eager in which the prince eager gets captured while fighting the pile-up Ziems. The best known part of the opera is when the Pelosi enslaves entertain prince e core by singing. Dancing. Ardine died before he could finish prints eager. But two of his friends who knew how he wanted it to sound finished it for him. One of those friends was Nikolai rimsky-korsakov whose flight of the Bumblebee is far more famous than the tale of Czar Sultan, the opera for which he wrote it. You can definitely hear a flying insect in the flight of the Bumblebee. From flying bees to dancing pelotons, I hope you've enjoyed this week's music from Russian operas.
Prof. John Flood, Professor of Law and Society at Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia. - burst 01
"Welcome to the site of accents podcast. Where we explore emerging ideas from signs, policy economics, and technology. My name is Gill eappen. We talk with woods, leading academics and experts about the recent research or generally of topical interest. Scientific senses at unstructured conversation with no agenda or preparation. Be Color a wide variety of domains red new discoveries are made. and New Technologies are developed on a daily basis. The most interested in how new ideas affect society. And help educate the world how to pursue rewarding and enjoyable life rooted in signs logic at inflammation. V seek knowledge without boundaries or constraints and provide unaided content of conversations bit researchers and leaders who low what they do. A companion blog to this podcast can be found at scientific sense. Dot. com. And displayed guest is available on over a dozen platforms and directly at scientific sense dot net. If you have suggestions for topics, guests at other ideas. Please send up to info at scientific sense. Dot Com. And I can be reached at Gil at eappen. Dot Info. My guests today's facade John. WHO's professor of Law and society at Griffith University in Brisbane Australia. He's also adjunct professor of law at Queensland University of Technology and Research Associated University College Under Center for Blockchain Technologies, he who suggests on the Bloomberg professional globalization of law and the technology in law. But come John. Hello. Thank you. Sure. Yeah. So I want to start with one of your recent people, professions and expertise hog machine learning, and blockchain redesigning the landscape of professional knowledge and organization. In invite you say machine learning has entered the world of the professions. The different impacts automation will have huge impacts on the nature of work and society. Engineering architecture and medicine or early and enthusiastic adopters. Other professions especially law at late you say at in some cases with leptons adopters. could you talk about you know sort of the landscape all? Of Law, profession and. They today in terms of opting these technologies. Certainly Louis interesting because it's a very old profession is. Often considered one of the. Original traditional professions along with medicine and the church. And in a sense law has used different kinds of technology might say I mean does it? Based around writing. And then the printing press and So on yet that. It's always being based on a craft. A skill which the individual person is that enables them to do, whatever is quote if you like and. said, there's never been a lot of room for any kind of automation. Certainly, the has been space for using. A people who are not fully qualified as low as about as paralegals, people like that, who will do a lot of repetitive work document checking and things like that and so on. But what will get into now is the situation where automation through machine learning. There's other kinds of artificial intelligence. is able to start constructing documents example contracts. Check dollop a documents for particular clauses and things like that mature they're up to date and this incense is. Replacing now, the kind of work that noise will do. So I think in some ways more more of of the profession of law is gonNA be subject to automation, but distinction I would many because I think it's quite important here is that A lot of what lawyers do. Is actually quite. Active that that that that the drafting contracts overtime or or they're reviewing documents to some sort or another or they're getting through particular. Negotiation. And so you know a lot of it is the same, but they build up the expertise through doing these same kinds of were over and over again and What we're now finding is that instead of having young lawyers coming in and doing what you might call the grunt work of checking documents and going through discovery applications where he goes through the size boxes of evidence to decide. which are the appropriate documents you want the emails, the invoices order, this sort of stuff that is the kind of work which is lending itself to automation. And, and so that his taking away a lot of the work which is used for trading purposes with young lawyers and is just doing it much quicker. will quickly I mean More efficiently in many ways and probably expensive much much expensive a Lotta. This work is being outsourced to you know legal process outsourcing India or Philippines South Africa places like that. So yeah, that's that's right and so in some ways, the group of lawyers who do the work which requires the skill, the judgment. Is Reducing in some ways. That pool is getting smaller. Yeah Yeah it's it's interesting. The the distinction that you make between automation. And in my job and let's call it decision making right which is you know a lot of work in the business side of this. So for example. in the nineties in large pharmaceutical company So you think about you know rnd. People might think it has really complex selection of programs that design of them, portfolio management, risk management, all those decisions. Genuine companies be say well, senior managers with lots of experience and intuition make those decisions really well right and so that's statement would automatically implied that machines can really do much there. But what we find in the mid nineties says that is systematic analysis of data make those decisions. Don't better. Actually, I've Tom to humans humans. Always seem to make decisions. These are typically bonding the decision. So if you go back and look at it, alternative experiment has not been wrong. So we have no date to say it was a good decision at typically. So human scaffold, fifty percents of making good decisions So do you know just throwing a coin or letting monkey make those decisions so? Yup We found that even complex decision making that humans hold. you know close to their you know kind of domain I'm not necessarily. So we have machines That could do that much better than I. Don't know there's an analog of that in in law I I. Think The may be actually I mean Two three years ago the royal. Society in England decided to arrange a working party on machine learning. One of the things that they put together a a roundtable on machine learning professions resolved to talk about that night and I talked about the history of professions in technology and. and. I think one of the peculiar things that came out to in relation to law is that law. Has always been a sort of on its own. If you think about medicine, for example, medicines always had the teacher hospital institution that sort of straddles the academic quilt and the practice walls and brings those people together and as a result. INCORPORATES loss of, scientific, work. Engineering work as well computing work and things like that. And that's been the first teaching hospital king into existence in in the French revolution in Seventeen eighty-nine. A long history of that. If you look at law, there was nothing equivalent to that whatsoever and there is in fact, actually a big gap between what academy does on what the practitioners in your do so that As a result as before law has come to this a quite late but what we are. Finding I think is that Certainly the management consultancy finding is that because of the nature of a lot of what goes on in legal office a remarkable amount of it can be automated. So what we are getting now is companies setting themselves up to do this automated work. So. We have companies which do nothing but contract our instruction formation sort of company. The typical lawyer would would say to a client Do you WANNA contract classes. Yes I want this for this. And loyal galway draft contract back with it, and then in the con- comes back against as I need another contract, you go through the same process. which is good for the lawyer but not necessarily good kind. What we're finding now is the company's not can think of a few of them that will, in fact, go into the company's show order contracts. Let's see the entire. Corpus of contracts you've got there and they will analyze them. And basically say, all right. We can create a new contract in automated way fairly easily it may need some modification according to special circumstances but on the whole, it's fairly standard and and they can do that INNOVA systematic world meaning the contracts are reviewed that checked. If they're going to expire marketing, you want an unable just the system will cope with that if you're. Yeah. So yeah. No No. No so I was just going to say yes. So that the distinction you make, you know in terms education sort of systematic graduate level education that because as you say, it is low in one sense of soft proficient. You say in called professions like made it to text reengineering this team has a strong concern ensuring that expertise applied in the public interest when as low little bit different from from bad and economics in some sense sort of in the same same vein we have now made economics at really odd. of mathematics you know north of analytics there. Whether they are actually useful from policy making perspective is left to debate but at least it has been an attempt to make this make economic video hard. So so I don't know A. Fascination has been in in law I very much that will happen in law. Oh there things are beginning to happen I mean let me just boob. At. One example I learned in that workshop that I mentioned the Royal Society held. With somebody from the engineering profession talking about. The difference in skills between people who above forty I'm below forty he said. If he he was about Forty Years Austin design an aeroplane, takeout pen and paper Pencil, and paper and. I don't know anyone under forty could do that would know how to do that go onto a computer program undecided there. So you can see that the incorporation of technology into the academy through to the actual. Occupation. Than phones and things is is already a standard and they're in law. It isn't law. As you said, it's still very much a soft skill although I will argue that there is a difference between the way nor is viewed in different parts of the world. So in the United States A law is I think more tilted towards the sciences. So low in economics is one of the big things in the. US. So you got a lot of people working in the of lower economics who might go onto antitrust work no competition work and things like that which across a lot of economics, mathematics and Statistics and so on. In, say a Europe Australia and so on. Law is more allied towards the humanities. And the classics. So it doesn't have that kind of scientific underpinning in that way. So anything that's going to change in these parts if you like is going to be something that's going to be imported from outside. And is going to have a very dramatic impact when whether it does An and I think that's yet to happen. I don't think there's been sort of Cambrian explosion. If you like in in law, the will be one I'm sure but but law has an advantage over engineering economics or the other areas you might. That's With the nature of the rule of law and absent justice is since law as a a way of ordering society is absolutely crucial to everything else. Then, Law and lawyers will say will look you know we have a special status here is different amid leave engineer. We certainly want to make sure bridges stay up. We don't want down but we can design different kinds of bridges. We can design different kinds of legal bills, but they're also the fundamental rules If you want to you know if you're an engineering company and you want to build a bridge in a different country, you're going to have to do it on the basis of the legal rules, which will be just vise by the lawyers according to the country's there in so on. So in in that was what? I might put in a special category if you live. Yea. Yea. Let me let me push NBA John. So. The. The conference that you mentioned you know the Internet is under forty and engineers at. So so one could argue you know from an engineering perspective could argue e- It sexually dangerous. To not use machines to build aircraft the goes you know all the technology that cap today actually help us make the trap lot safer. granted. If you sit down with a blank sheet of paper and Pencil, you might get the principal right. But, but the technology has advanced so much that you really have to use. Technology to do so in some sense, engineering is pushed back. that. I argue this myself then they were naive engineering school. I had a V exposed at my daughter bent to school. She used the same physics book. Twenty, five. meter. I argue that that is sort of backward because data speed no need for an engineer to really learn Newtonian physics anymore because it is prescriptive, it's deterministic can make machines, learn it very quickly and so why spend all? Right. So so then you know if you think about the the law field. I wonder if there is a senior argument that is to say Dan and tape really good lawyer casts lot of intuitions dot expedients to crap something Contract or a discourse, but then maybe the machine scan actually do it even better We haven't really tested that hypothesis yet. Right be almost have this idea that humans are always dominant. Or machines but that the not be true as technology lancers. So what do you think about that in the in the? It's a very important point actually because the. American bosses. being modifying its ethical rules recently to say that lawyers have a duty and obligation to keep up to date with technology. So we already know the technology is now a an important part and I have to say when when I say the word technology, I mean this at all kinds of levels from what you can do with Microsoft word for example, it strays plug ins all the way up to artificial intelligence IBM, Watson, or something like that So that if if lawyers become. A. Uses of technology whether this small firms or big firms or what have you a under the Aba now they they actually have an obligation to make sure that they are up to date. They can't just say we didn't know what we were doing. So I think in that respect, there is a there was a move. The other move that is taking place is actually the push from from the clients. Now, this you have to look into ways one is with corporate clients. The corporation seen US lawyers have to use noise if you'd like want their work done. PHILOS- money on Chiba they wanted to more efficiently They don't want the best piece of work every time they want something that works and they want officiant. UTA A and so on. So it was interesting I think a few years ago. The General Counsel Cisco. Actually made a speech. Saying that he expected his. Lawyers Law firms who worked for the company to be reducing their fees year on year. Now, that's the opposite of what lawyers normally do, which is to raise them year on year. So say that that's one push which is. Very profound push now, coming from the client himselves who are using the beginning to use their procurement departments in in the companies and things like that to help purchase legal services the other aspects which is just as important in this is if you look at the role of lawyers and individuals. So if you is what access to to legal services, it's expensive lawyers are not cheap they charge our money We don't know how to judge the quality of their work and so on. because. There was a credence which we just know that So. On this is where technology can begin to step in and provide services which are. Efficient and often quite. what very well for the individual saying that this. Technology can be seen to be improving access to justice a Lotta people. Yeah. Yeah yes. I want to come back to this. John. I think this is a very important point. So bent on put has a lot of uncertainty. Uncertainty maybe not not the right term, but it's called deterministic. It shows beatty ability and so the determination of quality it's not as easy as hard media India nearing or. Right business economics legal all sorts of well foreign that category and the application of technology sort of a different different meaning there but I want to touch on one of the things that you say in the paper, and that is you mentioned this before and that's about training training the next generation. So you savior regulating bodies professions are involved in the collection and reproduction of knowledge intended to be used by the entire body professionals, and so there was an expectation here that you know seeing it professionals. Is Providing the wisdom that knowledge mission to train the next generation now in a technology driven. regime. discuss vacations right. Our expert is going to be a computer engineer in the future. And so so how does that work from from cleaning and knowledge Asian will I think this is This is a crucial issue in it's one which the profession hasn't. Really. Got To grips with yet I think because you think of technology in terms of Predictive analytics a document review and things like this most law schools are not preparing students for this they may be a a a a causal to on some aspect of technology, but it's not something which lawyers themselves are learning. So I think what is going to happen is we're going to find a blending of skills occurring. So law firms will be sense having to bring in a range of technologists who perhaps have. A scales a straddle, both sides of the lines, the lawyers like this too I think I think we're going to find an avangard Who will begin to develop skills that allow them to talk to both sides of the line, the tech people and? Below people if you likes and there will be people who will acquire develop these skills as well but that's that's still some way down the line I didn't think we're anywhere near there yet, and part of the reason for that I think is that you know law is still a very highly regulated profession and and the regulators themselves are in the same situation they are unsure about what is going to happen and they also feel they have an obligation to. Not only ensure that. Customers clients and consumers are protected but in some ways, the profession is protected to if you like so. You know it's it's a it's a fine balancing. There I. Think. It's a fight balancing act and you'd say if the changing changing things. So going back, you know you care as an individual eighteen status of expert. Some form of encapsulation of knowledge and analysis occurs enabling professional experts, derived diagnoses, decisions, and conclusion wrapped late. and you make some distinctions. Type of learning that. Human? Beings. That the distinction between doing drive and become a gift and laster Yes yes. Yes I think that's important. So the the the the principle behind this is that Individuals can acquire a lot of knowledge in in various areas. So as I say learning how to drive a car, you learn how to change gear you though with the speeds. Braking different rates, conditions, and things like that. So. If you WANNA take that further and become a formula one drive or something like that. Then you have to undergo a very different kind of training and that kind of thing becomes a lot more collective rather than individual because you start to you're you're going to be in a group that is gonna be doing a particular kind of our driving. If you like everybody in the group has to understand what each other is doing that group, you can't have people going right a racetrack at two hundred miles an hour or thinking individually feel like they have to have a collective consciousness. About. How to drive in that situation? That's nothing like how? You and I might drive. I'm not saying we bad drivers just saying spreading very different. So I think professional work is not. That different from this in a way. So once you you can go through school and you can do your law degree and you can learn your low. We can learn you engineering's this applies to or professions really. But in order to become a professional in order to become somebody who can operate function within that. Group if you like you then have yourself have to develop collective consciousness and and one way of thinking about it is that we we can kind of tacit knowledge. This assorted knowledge you learn on the job from people, which is not always articulated in a precise formulate kind way but it's something you pick up from the way. Somebody does something you just recognize aw that that's how they've done that might not be. Written down anywhere or anything like that. But you know that's different from now exiting differently from the way that wise doing I think X.'s doing it better I and you and you just, and you can absorb that. That's what I mean by this kind of tacit knowledge and that comes about from the professional context. As how the professional context develops becomes absolutely crucial to how you introduce new ways of doing things new my daddy's new skills new outlooks if you like and I. Think this is where we're on the cost of of this beginning to develop I mean we we know it's got to be done quite how it's going to be done. is yet to be. So. So let me make a statement John and I want I want your reaction to it so eat in hard sciences eight years against again medicine. Expertise has about a consistent happy of remorse. Whereas enor- economics and business in general, let's say expertise is not about the ability to apply rules but to deal with. and at and if that is true, it has lot of implications rate. It has implications as to how we might divide work. Between. And machine in the future. And the skills that universities need to impart on on on new graduates are also quite different. So I always argued in the business. engineering contexts that universities having changed the dog they get mentioned before they're using the same. Using the same. Out Thirty four years without asking the question are those skills relevant, anymore or more importantly watch. Really relevant for a human being in the future rate. do you agree with that that expertise assert more about dealing exceptions apply? Putting it actually. I. I can see the logic behind what you. Saying I think what distinguishes? A good professional whether it's a good engineer good architect or good lawyer or doctor is is somebody who has a certain? This may sound strange but it's the. Imagination. Creativity. about. Kind of flare that allows them to function on the nausea they they've got and developed over the years and the experience. Gathered from Nova pitching what they'd be doing over the years and so on, and it allows them to see around things in ways which they perhaps would. I can give you an example if you like a law. So I'm in in Germany and some other countries. For example, there's a particular way of bundling together mortgage securities I I won't go to detail about this, but this statute that enables you do it. And then you can sell these securities and get money. In certain countries, the UK, the US, and so on. This, NICI. So in a sense to put this kind of a a deal together it. Couldn't be done if you live. So a bank came to one of the large English law firms and said, look we wanted we want to replicate this in in the UK, want to set a market this we're not the statues off there. What can you do and what was interesting was that the law firm then went back to first principles lawyers who were looking at this went back I suppose they looked at some vape basic areas of law matter your trust. And contract from what have you? I'm from that they constructed elite supplement that looked very much like the one in Germany, but without stat sheet and they tested it and it worked. Out To be credibly successful. So much so that the German government started German legal profession started to complain because they said. You can only do this by statute and these we find a way of doing it three. I suppose using law and there it is an they were vowed shops by but that was a particular example if you like of of what you were talking about, they took the exceptions they went back to first principles and said you know or How would we get? This is where we gotta get to, and this is a way right at the beginning what are the steps we need to take and and? And that's what a good loyal will do if you. Right right? Yeah. So that's very important point. So you in your paper dawn as the DREYFUSS and rice note that the proficient performer immersed in the world of skillful activities sees what needs to be done. But decides how to do it. So as we move into a and other technologies, I think it's important point it is. Right from Dad benefactor culture we have been using humans as you mentioned before in lots of with meted activities big not designed for humans I would I would contend enjoy doing things over and over again, and if you had thought of doing that, yeah, because they have to do it for living right and so so we should be moving to word It would where anything that is with pita on delegated to the machine at automation in the bottom of that and Appealed autonation you can have intelligent automation you can have you know reinforcement learning those types of things you have some aspects of intelligence into the into the two. And deploy humans Don't Miss. They're really good at in some case. I'm. So you know we've been studying the green for ages be our no close. It feels to understand mother. Heck it does You know it's not neat learning it. Oh, BBC of. thirty years ago as see that person again, you could see you could you could have a feeling. Then you've seen that before and and what the brain has done actually not only as he that pattern but also age that matter intuitively for thirty years and say, yes, that face I, guess before. and. So there are some superpowers the brain has reaped have been applying the all all. So for a technology might allow. Look I. Think Technology will allow us to incredibly complex things without having to think about too much I. Mean if you look at the way a port functions, for example, any major port these days they've got millions of containers and ships going through them all the time. So there's a lot of paper going through the you those charter parties, bills of lading guarantees. So the lot of legal work that's being done it, it's all quite standard stuff. I mean everybody. KNOWS, what needs to be done and so on. Now, some people are beginning to think while the best way to handle a port if you like I for everybody should know is to put everything that's going on in the poor into a blockchain so that you can see the whole supply chain. You see when something comes in, you can determine when the goods are being offloaded. When they're being shipped, you can stop making the payments as a result of the. Operation of the smart contracts if you like, and the whole thing would be just one quite seamless. In some ways without that much human intervention really just need oversight Some bits of coordination so on. But at the moment is still a a lot of humans are vote in that shipping people, law people, all sorts of things which is. I think insane. That's a waste of resources. We know that there are people who have all kinds of problems that require that creative flair she like as so why waste money on the routine stuff when you could develop skills to the the real need if you like in that way? Yeah Yeah. So I, want that some that bit that John Blockchain, for example, as you mentioned. So so one reason especially in the professions like law and business humans have an advantage justice dimension of trust. and you know at least our generation we don't really. At eighty level, right. So so having that. Human human touch is still extremely important for us. Now, technologies like Blockchain, for example, actually allows that trust to be tensely decoupled, right? Yeah, and I think I think you're right. Look I. Think I mean one of the reasons we make contracts is because We, don't trust each other. So we we devised these documents with all the conditions in them. Something goes wrong. This is what will happen things like that and so on. What are the interesting things? You know people really rely on contracts are met you. You draw up a contract. And the to business people stick him in the drawer I never look at again less something really really fundamental goes wrong but they know sumit doesn't that never look at that again. So you say value of the contract, what did it actually do if you look at some of the Asian countries say like Taiwan or parts of China, you have a assistant coach Guanxi, which is where people developed effective relationships by knowing each other over a period of time around business that allows them to develop trust it. So You know there are different ways of of handling trust, but we we seem to spend a lot of time on trying to minimize something You know which we don't really do a lot of if you like. So I think one of the advantages of of blockchain is that it just it removes a lot of this from from the equation if there's certain things you know that can happen. as a result off if this thing that systems. Lead happened And you know. As, long as you've got oversight and you can see what's going on than. You don't need to be too concerned about it. It will just do what it needs to do in that way and So. Again. That's still very much in the early stages, but we are seeing situations where supply chains A shipping goods from one country to another can actually be done under smart contracts through a blockchain. Technology if you live. That that is now happening I associate goodful dealing with things like gum counterfeiting if you're. Producing. Particular high-quality could site move our phones or particular pharmaceutical products and so on you know it's one way of guaranteeing the quality of the product is you couldn't I say look you can examine the whole supply chain or the data is there. And you know his Eq- code look at it and you get the whole thing going all the way back The. Again, issues around that if you're dealing with the digital. Is Much easier once you start dealing with physical products then you have. A question of how do you get that first initial digitization of the physical if you'd like to goes on so though some people I know here in Australia who? Run A company called Beef Ledger, which is trying to export beef straight beef to China using the blockchain supply chain, which will. Guarantee the security, and the quality of the goods to the Chinese consumer APP because having problems with this before. But I will tell you now do doing something like that does require that the people you are dealing with. You're going to set this up with You have to have a trusting relationship with you before you can set up a technology that will do away with the So we're still in that. That's really early days. I think another a lot of time way to go right Yeah, but the technology works it. Clean potential one could argue contracts exist because they probably known performance if you have a technology that drives that probably the of non-performance zero, then you can actually get rid of for contract. Yeah limit. It is. Not. Goes back to that earlier point I made that. Most most contracts are fairly standard. You know a routine things they're there to. Record a series of transactions payments that have gone on between people without the to do much. If you like you know once you you're you're doing the business, the contract just kind of records that in perpetuity. So the small contract just takes that into a different area and an an actually does the whole implementation and execution without people to be involved in that too much and there's something goes wrong. But if it if it all goes right then back it is done you need to you don't you think about it Right. Yeah. Hasn't been jumping to another are forthcoming people globalization law at. A time of crisis in the? Global Lawyer and so in the say Nikolai Condom Nieve a Russian economists in the nineteen thirties believed the worst economy operates long sixty year cycles Then he called K. Braves. And you safeguarding coronavirus analysis, the fifth psycho young's from nineteen eighty to twenty thirty. It's you save twenty, nineteen forthcoming John You might have. I think so I think say because I, tell you off the what's happening this year I thought my good I couldn't My God. I was just. Owners because you know a contract device these waves up into into what he calls four seasons spring summer or winter at, and we're in the winter off this fifth cycle if you like this is. All the bad stuff happens and he's news war. Famine Disease I think wait a minute that sounds Yes yes. That's exactly right. A. But one of the interesting things about contractors was that you know he he a because he's A. Solid economists are installing a dip executed. By the way you know he he got fed up ninety that was the end of Nikolai unfortunately but he. He said instead of know if you like the ownership of the means of production are being the determinate for changeover from system system, he said it's it's technology and and that the technology will drive you out of the downswing of the last cycle into the upswing of the new cycle, and and the way that works is the win. You're in this kind of winter period because of the kind of economic. Gloom pervades if you like people tend to hold back in subsurface vestment in terms of technological innovation of what have you and so a lot of energy resources, resources, money capital if you like builds up to a second point when people say we're GONNA go for this is this is it? And that's when if you like technology comes to the fall on, really drives it forward. So from that perspective, what he's saying is that you know come right about twenty thirty. If. Things are going slowly now regarding technology they're going to speed up. In. This period and that's when it will. You know really also take take off and people have looked back over our preceding cycles and they've you know it works if you like not just their. Fantasy theory there are also the people who do Cleo dynamics in history these the quantitative historians and they've done a similar kind of analysis of historical periods and said, yeah, you know there are all these citrical. Processes that take place even revolutions occur and big upset occurs and what have you and and. One of their Perspectives which I find quite interesting is that they say one of the reasons for revolutions come about is caused a lease beginning to compete with each other and and an an I look at say trump in in America and I look at the Democrats and I I I would say Modine, India I look she in China and different groups of elites who are engaged really profound struggle for the future of their countries if you live. Out which again is leading to this kind of potential eruption of activity and a new ways of doing things. Yeah. It makes a lot of intuitive sense gone. So one way to think about this also. There are a lot of excesses. So innovating go good their excesses in the system people to believe that invincible they changed assumptions about. because they don't see any. and. Financial markets to right. So these cycles and real real mass that uniquely talking about you can see the. Happening in the financial markets more clearly. But what he's saying is that he happens mortgage and you ask in this paper in two thousand, nineteen for in many ways go. Crystallization off the settling ketone economic forces lost throat ear Kublai doomed as populous. Separates nationalism and lead clients and I think they have that we have probably the answer to that. But you see I think. One of the points I was trying to make an in in this paper walls that Global Law. If you like is is, is the a kind of synthesis off chaos? How do we bring some kind of order to chaos now once you start seeing the undermining? Of his global institutions, you see trump was withdrawn from the W. H. O.. He's he's are criticized NATO he he won't have the do with the International, Criminal Court and so we've got this kind of real life tension now between a an international legal order that's being built up since the Second World War both Ekit economic and legal order is Global And so we can't just a radical globalization I mean even even with covert, we can't eradicate mobilize ation we've got to. Handle covert the Kobe pandemic on a global basis. Otherwise, we'll. We're lost it retreats to a national. Approach is not gonNA. Work? We'll be defeated in that race is going to be global. Might. Be One of my questions in in paper was will who are the people who are going to be doing this? Kind of bringing the the order to chaos if you like and that made argument that it's got to be the global lawyer. And this is a person who not only understand their national legal system but also able to communicate with lawyers and officials. From around the world if you like. To be able to develop a kind of common. Language common discourse that enables them to stop putting these things together are, and it's not just a simple massa of saying mathematically, it works this way or not. It requires the kind of pulling together of people, but it requires that sort of common understanding which. Comes out of what I was saying about this idea of testing knowledge you know as you got this kind of professional consciousness you know how people ought to behave and how they will interact with you, and then that enables you to be out of bizarre to predict how you can do things and so on and so on. That basis I think we can operate kind of global order. It had a a below the institutional level if you're not kind of private. As opposed to the public according and that will put three. Yeah. Yeah. Yeah you know I the limit John I don't know if you think this way I limit one could as. Want to stay need for. Countries what does the need for legal system differentials? We set this up with the premise that it's easier to manage small chunks. one could also argue with Edmund Affect. -nology that you don't need to segment this debate that we have done. which might make these types of issues you know. See where you're coming from and I'm going to say yes or no? Yes, I think the home range of of questions that can be handled by the technology the ones we got pay I don't chain, etc. I don't I didn't see any issues there but there are a lot of decisions that needs to be made a book in terms of putting things together and resolve disputes that can only function at a human level because it's not. These are not decisions that are simple binary decisions. If you'd like, it's yes or no it's it's often a lot more nuance than complex about I mean, one of the resources in the World Kiva Zero System, the world amendment which is being fought over if you like is water, a water is probably one of the most valuable resources anywhere and it's you often find that rivers and things like that sort of flow between countries, they form borders. And and you are you know people if you look at the Nile, ESL start stopping in Sudan throwaway down to the Mediterranean. So he goes to countries all three countries, east European and then into Egypt's and so unwell well, who has the right to put it dime at a particular place and things like that all of that has to be cooled in act. You see a not going to be done at a human level that that's what caused the skills in negotiation judgment interpretation understanding if you like of the other people, no machine can do that I got. Yes before we conclude, I want to touch on one other thing So in the paper, you say as technology and culture intersect more and more. Ethical conundrums will intensify these raising questions about the rights and obligations of robots. And go beyond as moves. Three laws of robotics in two issues of rights of all moon. Algorithm, stem serves. So this is this is an area that be Kevin babies even even really form some notions allowed rights of all modes at rights of a are. Sai, gets more sophisticated. Yes. Yes. I do. I, mean I think this is one of the issues we already know some of the problems with algorithms and and you know can we can be are they transplanted from you see what's going on the ethical issues around the construction and implementation of algorithms and things like that. But I I I think looking into the future we all going to rely on things like robots. And various kinds of machines so much more so that if you look at a country like Japan, which is a a an aging population such that it doesn't have sufficient younger people to look after the people who need looking often. So machines, I'll be part of that, and that means people will stop forming real relationships with machines and and so that's when I would say. Okay. So let's think about how we View a potential rights of machine that we give. We give rise to humans. Yes. We know that we give rights to animals. Now we've also given rights to viz in forest in some countries as well as so machines I think our. Next logical step you know do we do we treat them with respect Let me give you one. Very classic example yet the production of. Robots for sex if you like is a major industry at the moment, some manufacturers say they want to program them say that people can act out rape fantasies will do we want that I? Mean you know should we be at first of all? You know? We should be having people behave in this particular kind of way, but even an uncertain if you do it against another human being, you'll be punished for it and you say we'll a machine is a piece of property you should be you should be doing that but I'm getting to think that maybe a machines should be treated with dignity say that we are treat ourselves with. Dixie. This a kind of reflexive situation here what we? Do to machines we do to each other, and they may again due to US depending on how they evolve and and move forward in that way is a very contentious issue. A lot of people would reject that right out of hand I agree I think we've got to stop thinking about stop dining forward because I. think we're going to at some point again. I. Don't know when. But at some point we will be having to deal with that. It's a it's a very important point. Joan. So if I understand you correctly, you know that the rights to animals the rights to inanimate. INANIMATE things like Lubers The recent those exist is because of its effects on humans and can see video a clear link in the future we would see a very clear link between a algorithms and robots ended affects on human. So this is not me You know each not fantasy in the sense that yeah, robots should have rights, but rather it's a more conceptual question. Any fraud did not have rights each going to cabin negative I I think that's absolutely true. I mean just to highlight that if you like this firm called Boston Dynamics that produces. Robots and they produced these videos of these. Now, these robots are resistant being pushed over and things like that, and it was quite interesting because a lot of people say all you can't treat them in this way. This is awful and so what I mean that that's the answer for more fighting to to the extreme extent. But it I think you know on the basis what you're saying, you know how we Oakland. Hold human beings accountable to each other in an increasingly complex world machines have become part of that. We can't just have them all sitting on the edge as though they're not part of who we are, what we are and how we do things. Right. So. Incursion Johnny fuel sort of look forward five years. At. The intersection of law and technology. But you think people see sort of the biggest. I. Think you'll see it two wins. On the you know for the individual The individual, you're going to see a lot of them just interacting. With artificial Tennessee, say lost questions about what my rights for this how do I deal with a tendency agreement? How do I complain against a producer company or something like that or that's going to be automated? is fairly straightforward to do and and it will only need A. Minimal. Amount of human inside of. An intervention if you like. At the other end at the. In I think we're GONNA see more and more technology coming in because as those basic functions that are. Being, carried out by junior people or or paralegals or things like that are the ones which are going to be increasing, automating creasing. I'm. We will replace the humans and just let machines do that because there's no point in wasting human resources on that whether that means we need fuel or more lawyers That's an open question I think it will that we need different kinds of lawyers We will need Roy Moore to logically aware much more sophisticated. They don't it's be programmers or odors or anything like that, but they need to have a quite a a a a strong understanding and gross what's going on in technology in that way if you like so. Yeah. We can definitely see an. Yeah, so I, think you mentioned the so from a structure perspective in all forum DC law firm sprucing to word. It a group of equity partners. Around it by machine so to speak well, I. Think. I was in that paper or another one I. I'm S-. Forecast. Law. Firms. Being. Distributed decentralized we'll tournaments organizations running on a blockchain with with the various people. into setting when they will no I. Think the law firm is still a very strong and powerful is Shutian, that's not gonNA disappear straight away. But certainly the numbers of partners who control things will shrink. They'll that will get smarter as proportion and yes, they will be surrounded by machines and they surrounded by people who are servicing those machines. Your excellent. Yeah. Thanks for doing this weekend. John really enjoyed the conversation. Thank you very much. It's been great fun and very
Modest Mussorgsky: The Mighty Handful
"Hello welcome to classics for Kids I'm Naomi Lewin. The mighty handful may sound like a rock band or a bad babysitting job and the mighty five may sound like a basketball team. But both of those were nicknames for a group of Nineteenth Century Russian composers interested in developing a Russian sound for classical music. Obviously, there were five of them. Mighty handful refers to five fingers. The ringleader of the mighty handful was mealy Bollock, a pianist and composer who wanted to promote nationalism in Russian music in music nationalism refers to a south. That's distinct Taylor country. Sometimes, that's done by using folk tunes, rhythms, or dance forms and a piece of music, but it can also mean including historical characters or legend from a region. While Akira, wrote an overture in which he put pieces of three Russian folk songs. Eventually Bala of became director of the Russian Court Orchestra. But for a while he quipped music and went to work for the Russian railroad in fact, every member of the mighty five held a nonmusical job at one time or another. Alexander Borodino was never a professional musician. He was a professor of chemistry. From the time he was a kid Borodino was very musical but he decided to study science instead he wound up founding the first Russian School of Medicine for women. After he met Bollock. The great cheerleader for Russian Music Borodino. Began composing. But since science and medicine took up most of his time, he didn't get a chance to finish very many pieces. One of the other members of the mighty hand full wound up putting Borodin's opera Prince Ebor into its final form, the man who cleaned up Laura Dean's music and music by quite a few other composers was Nikolai rimsky-korsakov. Rimouski. Korsakov was in the navy when he met up with Mealy, Bollock Kiro and decided that. Should be his life rimsky-korsakov quit the maybe to study composition after teaching himself to compose he wound up as a professor of composition at the new conservatory. In Saint Petersburg Russia rimsky-korsakov was great at orchestration knowing what instruments to assign to which lines of music in order to get the best sound. He finished a lot of pieces that some of his fellow Russians left unfinished and he also rearranged a lot of music some of which didn't necessarily rearranging. The. Last member of the mighty five was Cesar. Has An unusually UN Russian sounding last name because his father was French. In fact, he was a French military officer who decided to stay in Russia after being taken prisoner there while fighting with Napoleon's army. says. We started out in the military too but you guessed it after he met Mealy Bala. Cesar qe became a composer. Even, though he had no Russian ancestors, his mother was Lithuanian qe became a big champion of Russian music just like the other members of the mighty handful. There, you have the other for Russian composers who made up the mighty handful. Bella Kiev Alexander Barra Dean Cesar qe and Nikolai rimsky-korsakov. The fifth of course was this month's composer Modeste Ski. That's no Muss G. N. O., M. US. The GNOME. An m. e. from pictures at an exhibition by modest Mussorgsky's
"nikolai z" Discussed on KZSC 88.1 FM Santa Cruz
"Nikolai elects Eva's Russia's best known LGBTQ activist. And the founder of Moscow Cry. Debra Baths was the first openly gay US federal judge. The Senate unanimously confirmed her nomination. Angie Craig is the first openly lesbian mother elected to Congress. Emily Dickinson was an innovative 19th century poet. She stands among the greatest figures in American literature. Felisha Elizondo is a pioneering activists who works to increase public awareness of transgender history. Rob Mine is an Academy Award winning director. His nonfiction films include The Times of Harvey Milk a Meal, Griffin was an American Prize fighter and the winner of five World Boxing Championships. Medica, guru Swami and Arundhati. Can't you won lawyers whose Supreme Court victory decriminalized homosexuality in India. Alexander von Humboldt was the father of ecology, meteorology and the concept of man made climate change. Christopher Isherwood was an internationally acclaimed Daughter whose work inspired the play cabaret voices. Kaufman is the award winning theatre director and playwright who created The Laramie Project. Lori Lightfoot is the first African American and the first LGBTQ Q Mayor of Chicago. Claudia Lopez is the first female and the first openly gay mayor of Colombia's capital city. BOGOTA. Bernard Lynch is a gay activist priest and the founder of the first AIDS Ministry in New York City, and the claim is the first openly gay American astronaut. She spent 204 consecutive days in space. Kate McKinnon is the first openly gay cast member of Saturday night Live and an Emmy winning actor. Paris, Milstead was an actor, most recognized for his drag persona Divine in films made by John Waters. David Mixner is a longtime human rights activist, Political operative and best selling author. Lauren Morelli is an award winning writer and producer best known for the Siri's Orange is the new Black If Nina scene was a trailblazing Pakistani American poet And LGBTQ activist Jess O'Connell is a former CEO of the Democratic National Committee and a former head of Emily's list. Mary Oliver was a Pulitzer Prize winning poet, an academic beloved for the accessibility of her work. Billy Porter is an Emmy, Grammy and Tony Award winning actor and singer. Laura Ricketts is the first openly gay owner of a major league sports franchise. The Chicago comes Angelica Ross is a transgender activist, a businesswoman and an actor. Sefa was a great ancient Greek poet. The word lesbian derives from the island of Lesbos, where Sappho lived. Megan Smith is the first female and the first lesbian who served as the U. S chief technology officer. Baron von Stoy been was an American general who famously George Washington win the Revolutionary War. Laxmi, not Ryan Party is an Indian transgender activist, dancer and television star. Debra Waxman is the first woman to lead a Jewish seminary and a national Jewish Congregational organization will not. Sex is a Grammy winning rapper, singer and songwriter famous for the head, old Town road. Or videos, BIOS resource is and downloadable images of hundreds of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender icons. Visit LGBT history month.
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov 3: Russian Operas
"The flight of the Bumblebee has become much more famous than the opera for which Nikolai Ski Korsakov routed today. Bits of other Russian operas that have become better known in the concert hall then on the Opera Stage they call Me Kyle. Glinka the father of Russian classical music you hardly ever see Glinka opera Muslim and Ludmilla but you hear the overture. All the time well at least loosely. Ludmila has been performed. That's more than you can say for some operas. Lada flopped twice the first time a Russian theatre asked four different composers to collaborate writing combination. Opera Ballet. That Malaysia was never performed. Then rimsky-korsakov who was one of the four composers recycled the music he'd written into a melodic of own. That Lotte lasted all of six performances. Malaga is a funny title. Sergei PROKOFIEV program called the love for three oranges. The love for three oranges is about a prince who finds the princess? He loves inside. An orange one of three oranges. Love is a big problem for the title character in an opera by Tchaikovsky. Called Eugene on Yagan. A girl named Tatyana falls in love with gene on Yagan. But he doesn't fall in love with her until it's too late and she's married to someone else. The two of them always seemed to be meeting up at a ball. So Tchaikovsky put plenty of dance music including this waltz into his office part of Modesto Missouri Skis Opera. Boris good enough takes place in a Polish court where they do a Polish Vance the pullen his another Russian opera with famous dances in it is by Alexander Barra. Dean. Borodino was a professor of chemistry. Who only got to write music in his spare time. His only opera was prince eager in which the prince eager gets captured. While fighting the pile-up Ziems the best known. Part of the opera is when the Pelosi enslaves entertain prints e core by singing. Dancing Borodino died before he could finish prince eager but two of his friends who knew how he wanted it to sound finished it for him. One of those friends was Nikolai. Rimsky-korsakov whose flight of the Bumblebee is far more famous than the tale of our Sultan. The opera for which he wrote
"nikolai z" Discussed on News Radio 1190 KEX
"Back to coach Nikolai saw what I saw and coach tinkle. Trying to get the other official Tom Nellie to help out. It's a two man crew after Steve Wilson went out on the first half kingdom, the line free throw rattles in and out. No good game remains tied at sixty seven with three twenty one to play Lois king to for three Oregon eight for thirteen from the lion. King with sixteen points. Trying to give Oregon the lead back a single digit with three twenty one to play. He hits the second. Sixty eight sixty seven Oregon back and try trace tinkle inbounds to Cuyler Kelly Tyler double over overhand. Steve Thompson, Ethan doubled in backward jumped passed a trace kicks. It ahead to Stephen Thompson junior. Stephen gets you to the trail man trace for three front rim. No, good rebound. Zack. Michael at the rim and Zach is fouled. And we'll go to the line and shoot to turnabout is fair play as grasscutter as five miles north for the personal his for the beavers would one time out remaining Oregon has won both teams in the double bonus ANZAC Weichel little line for two shots. Trying to give the beavers believe back. First free. Throw by Zach is good were tied at sixty eight. That was rifles first free. Throw the ball game. He's thirteen of fifteen on the season from the stripe. Sixty eight all three oh, six to play. Chris rasp adder comes over to the scores table. I'm not sure what the bit of housekeeping. He's interested in looking into. Wanted to make sure that the foul was properly ascribed to Norris. I would guess Zach Weichel has another free throw coming tied at sixty eight three oh seven to play. Jack trying to give the beavers the lead back the lefty out of wilsonville free. Throw is perfect. Sixty nine sixty eight Stephen Thompson, Judy or a modicum of pressure in the back forty seven against Peyton Peyton brings it across the mid stripe. Hands on the we've Richardson will the freshman to the dribble between the circles to Louis kings. Still weaving it up front with Richard now to Richardson with thirteen on the clock under three to play Louis king. Ben dynamic in the second half. Gadget throws richer. Top of the Prichard tries to turn the corner on Reichel fourteen foot off the dribble is good. Zack. And Peyton Richard to get rated players in the Bieber. Stay going at it in the civil war Pritchard gets that what what Oregon up seventy to sixty nine two and a half to play. Tyler Kelly comes out such a screen for Ethan opt to screen. Nineteen footer is good for the lead back seventy one to seventy good action. Kelly a good screen. Ethan came off decisively and drains, it seventy one seventy beavers to thirteen to play back in the front court eleven thousand two hundred four quiet Oregon plays a game of catch against.