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Democracy Now! 2019-01-18 Friday
Rome. Pacifica, this is democracy. Now, we're bringing our troops hall. The caliphate has crumbled, an ISIS has been defeated. As vice President Mike Pence, declares ISIS has been defeated. Four Americans are killed in a nice attack and Syria will this change the administration's plans for withdrawal. We'll speak with Democratic Congress member ro Khanna about Syria of Ghana, STAN and the government shutdown which enters its twenty eighth day, the longest in history, then to Venezuela troika of tyranny in this hemisphere, Cuba Venezuela, and Nicaragua has finally met its match the United States, Brazil and other allied nations in Latin America are ratcheting up pressure on Venezuela. And what appears to be a coordinated effort to oust Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro is a coup in the works. We'll speak with Venezuelan foreign minister hor hey, audio. They say that the elections were fraud. And now, they say them adores that is all part of a Khuda time in progress encouraged and funded by the United States government more coming up. Welcome to democracy now democracy now dot org. The Warren pace report. I mean me good men, the Trump administration likely separated thousands more children from that parents at the US Mexico border than previously reported. That's the conclusion of the inspector general of the department of health and human services, which said in a report Thursday that efforts to track those children have been so spotty that the exact number family separations is unknown last summer. A federal judge ordered the Trump administration to reunite families separated by Trump zero tolerance policy along the southern border. But the inspector general's report makes clear many migrant families were not identified or reunited as part of the judge's order. President Trump cancelled a military flight Thursday that was set to deliver house speaker Nancy Pelosi and a congressional delegation to visit NATO leaders in Brussels. And US troops enough Coniston and a letter to the speaker Trump wrote quote in light of the eight hundred thousand great American workers, not receiving pay. I am sure you would agree that postponing. This public relations event is a totally appropriate. Pelosi was leading a delegation that included the chairs of the house intelligence and veteran's affairs committees Trump's eleventh-hour order caused the bus carrying the delegation to turn around on its way to the airport. Trump's order drew protests from congressional Democrats. And even some Republicans criticize the move, South Carolina, Senator Lindsey Graham said in a statement, one sophomoric response does not deserve another unquote. The president's retaliation came day after Pelosi told President Trump to deliver the state of the union address in writing from the Oval Office or at a later date Pelosi cited security concerns caused by the government shutdown. Meanwhile, the shutdowns entered its twenty eighth day, the longest. In history with state and local governments warning social safety net programs could soon buckle under the strain New York City. Mayor Bill de Blasio warned Thursday, if the shutdown stretches and tomorrow, some one point six million, low income New York City residents will lose benefits as the city loses. Half a billion dollars a month in federal aid for food stamps rental assistance in school lunches by met with clergy leaders this morning. I asked them to prepare to help members their congregations in every conceivable way starting in all instances with food. But that reality of the loss of half a billion dollars a month is just to staggering to miss with. We will not be able to make people whole. We just won't on Capitol Hill. Republican Senate majority leader Mitch McConnell scheduled to vote Thursday, not on a Bill to end the government shutdown, but on legislation to restrict abortion rights for low income women. The no taxpayer funding for abortion act would have permanently barred federal funds from paying for abortions it stalled after it failed to muster the sixty votes needed. Elsewhere the interior department has recall, dozens of federal employees furloughed by the shutdown the workers from the bureau of offshore energy management will assistant Trump's efforts to expand offshore oil and gas drilling in the Atlantic Pacific and Arctic oceans the bureau's offshore wind development program remains idled by the shutdown. Buzzfeed news is reporting President Trump. Directed. His former personal attorney Michael Cohen to lie to congress about negotiations to build a Trump Tower in Moscow, BuzzFeed cited to unnamed federal law enforcement officials investigating the matter who also said Trump supported a plan set up by Cohen to visit Russia during the presidential campaign in order to personally meet President Vladimir Putin and jump start the tower negotiations to of Trump's children if Vonk and Donald Trump junior reportedly received regular detailed updates about the project from Cohen, the chair of the house intelligence committee, California Democrat, Adam Schiff tweeted, the president of the United States may have suborned perjury by ordering Cohen to lie to his committee. Democrats say such an order would also constitute obstruction of Justice felony Trump's nominee to become the next attorney general William Barr appeared to agree with that position during his Senate confirmation hearing Tuesday bar was questioned by Minnesota democrat Amy klobuchar. The president. Swayed? Ing person to commit perjury would be obstruction. Is that right? Yes. Any any person who persuades another? Okay. You also said that a president or any person convincing a witness to change testimony would be obstruction is that right? Meanwhile, the Wall Street Journal reported Donald Trump ordered Michael Cohen to rig online polls and Trump's favor during the two thousand sixteen presidential campaign. Cohen reportedly paid for the service by handing the head of IT firm of bag of cash containing more than twelve thousand dollars on Twitter. Cohen did not dispute. The Wall Street Journal's report and tweeted what I did was at the direction of and for the sole benefit of Donald Trump unquote, campaign finance experts say the payment could be a criminal breach of campaign finance laws because Trump failed to report it to the federal elections commission in Bogota Colombia at least twenty one people were killed and sixty eight others injured Thursday after a suicide car bomber targeted cadets at a police academy. The explosion shattered windows of nearby apartments and houses and rattled the city that hasn't seen terror attack in years. Authorities have identified a suspect that have not identified a motive. No group has claimed responsibility for the explosion in. Sedan security forces opened fire today on a crowd of mourners outside the home of a man who died after he was shocked by thirties during an earlier protest in the capital cartoon, it followed the killing of two other protesters Thursday elsewhere in Khartoum doctor and a sixteen year old who were both shot in the head by government forces protests erupted across Sudan a month ago calling for the overthrow of the ruling National Congress party and an end to the military regime of President Omar Hassan up a Ashir an American journalist news anchor for Ron state television network Press TV is doing a Washington DC courtroom today after she was arrested and detained by the FBI during a visit to the United States Marzia Hashemi who's a US citizen who lives in Tehran was arrested at Saint Louis airport Sunday then transferred to a prison in Washington DC, according to her son the committee to protect journalists says it's concerned about her arrest and called on the US department of Justice to immediately disclose the basis for her detention for the past five. Days in Brazil, a former Rio de Janeiro police officer with ties to organized crime has been identified as the likely killer of the prominent human rights and gay rights. Activists city council member Maria lay Franko who was shot dead along with her driver in Rio de Janeiro in March. According to a police report reviewed by the intercept six witnesses identified the ex cop as the killer. The officer who has not been publicly named had been kicked out of Rio's military force and now works as a mercenary for dirty politicians and others. The witnesses say the gunman did not act alone. No arrests have been made Franko was a longtime critic of Brazil's police who've been linked to hundreds of killings and thousands of incidents of brutality and Rio's impoverished Favila neighborhoods back in the United States is Chicago judge Thursday acquitted three police officers accused of covering up the two thousand fourteen murder of black teenager quantum McDonald by fellow officer the acquittal came despite discrepancies. Between the three officers police reports and dash Cam video showing McDonald pose no threat and walked away from officers before he was shot sixteen times by white police officer Jason Van Dyke. Then dyke was convicted of secondary murder for the shooting in October and in California contract negotiations between Los Angeles school district officials in the union representing more than thirty thousand teachers are set to resume today after marathon talks Thursday failed to bring an end to the strike now in its fifth day. Meanwhile, teachers in Oakland or planning a one day wildcat strike today to protest stalled contract talks, Oakland teachers say they're struggling to make ends meet as the cost of living has risen fourteen percent across the bay area over the past five years. Teachers are demanding a twelve percent pay increase over the next three years, and those are some of the headlines, this is democracy. Now democracy now dot org. The war and peace report. I'm Amy Goodman in Syria. A suicide bomber. Struck a restaurant in the northern city of mom beach on Wednesday killing nineteen people including four Americans two of them were US soldiers. The bombing was claimed by ISIS and came just weeks after President Trump declared victory over the group and ordered US troops to withdraw from Syria prompting the resignation of Defense Secretary. Jim Mattis just hours after the attack vice-president Mike Pence, reiterated ISIS has been defeated. The leadership of this commander in chief and the courage and sacrifice of our armed forces. We're now actually able to begin to hand off the fight against ISIS in Syria to our coalition partners. And we're bringing our troops home. The caliphate has crumbled, an ISIS has been defeated. Wednesday's attack and Syria, drew renewed calls from congressional hawks both Republicans and Democrats to reverse Trump's Syria withdrawal of troops. The US has an estimated two thousand troops stationed in Syria. Even though congress has never declared war on the country for more. We're joined in Washington DC by ROY Khanna democratic congressman from California last month. He wrote a piece for the Washington Post. Trump was right to pull out of Syria and ghanistan this is what he should do next. He wrote welcome back to democracy now, congress member Khanna, your response to the attack Mambi, and what you think the US response should be will. I my heart goes out to the families of the soldiers who made the ultimate sacrifice for nation into the families of those who lost their lives, but I think this should double or resolve to remove our troops. They are actually a sitting target for ISIS. What has happened in Syria. Is the that ISIS used to control about thirty four thousand square feet of territory, and now thirty four thousand square miles and now it's down to fifteen kilometers. And that's not just because of Trump. It started with President Obama. So ISIS does not control much territory we need to remove the troops. And we need to recognize that there is no military solution to diffuse insurgency what it will require good intelligence where law enforcement and cooperation with the regional players to target the remaining insurgency, your comments on Pence giving this speech saying, I has been defeated seemingly not understanding what had just taken place. Well, it was just a foolish and totally out of touch. The reality is they're still twenty to thirty thousand fighters in Iraq and Syria. The accurate statement would be that. No longer controls much territory in Syria that was largely because frankly of the Obama administration strategy, but you cannot fundamentally a eight ISIS, which is diffuse in his twenty to thirty thousand people across Iraq and Syria. It would require a permanent occupation of those countries. Which no American ones the only way to deal with it is to work with intelligence with networks to tackle the ISIS attacks that may emerge, but they do not control territory, and I think or more than fifteen kilometers. And that's I think what Penn should have said and President Trump calling for the withdrawal of half the US troops out of Afghanistan. Well, I support that again if it's done responsibly. I do not support the way the president approached Syria just want to clarify that because he had no agreement with her to one to protect the Kurds and to make sure that Turkey didn't annex part of Syria. We should have had a much better negotiation and diplomacy before rebel same thing. When it comes to Afghanistan, I do think that we ought to bring our troops home. When we had the surge in two thousand eight the Taliban control about forty percent of the territory today, the Taleban controls seventy percent of the territory, it is not possible with fourteen thousand troops for us to prevent or retake Afghanistan and not allow the Taliban there, it would take hundreds of thousands of troops to do that. And I don't think the American people what that nor is that in our security interests. So we should redraw, but we need to understand and have diplomacy. A regional diplomacy that involves Pakistan. That involves India that involves China and Russia and other players to make sure that we have some vigilance against emerging terrorism. Which by the way, isn't just in Afghanistan, but much it is across the border in Pakistan. So this idea that would draw our troops that there may be some other attack. Well, those attacks are being planned not just where they happened in Afghanistan, but also in Pakistan, and what about Yemen you've been a leader on calling for the US to stop supporting the Saudi bombing VN. And we have this new news from Nick Tertia, yahu news. He writes, newly obtained documents revealed the United States has also been training coalition military personnel from the United Arab Emirates for the air war in Yemen. Knicks reporting was brilliant. At was the first clear reporting about art complicity in that war, not just with the Saudi Saudis, but also with the United Arab Emirates, the reality is very simple, Amy as you know. I mean, there are fourteen million Yemenis who face the possibility of fem. And this is not because the world doesn't have enough food and medicine. There are many agencies wanna get food and medicine to the civilians, but it's because the Saudis and the coalition including the United Arab Emirates have been bombing the port Afo data and not allowing food and medicine to get in. And that's let extrordinary inflation in Yemen and kids are not getting basic Christian. There's not basing medicine we need to bring an end to this war. Fortunately, Nancy Pelosi and Steny Hoyer, both given a commitment that is soon as we can vote the shutdown is over we're going to bring the War Powers resolution for a vote in the house. It's going going to. Pass. And Bernie Sanders is going to bring it back in the Senate. It will pass it'll be the first time that a War Powers resolution is passed in the house and the Senate in opposition to the White House, and it will be clear single signal to and this war. Now, let's talk about the government shutdown and the pain that it is causing not just the eight hundred thousand federal workers who are not being paid. So many of them being forced to work and work overtime. But are not receiving paychecks. I'd like to get your response to that. Also after Nancy Pelosi to-, President Trump he shouldn't be giving a state of the union address. At this time. It's dangerous with the whole government many in government in one place that he should give it in writing which has precedent or at the Oval Office or at another time. And then in response. Trump canceling military flight Thursday that was set to deliver the house speaker Nancy Pelosi and congressional delegation to visit NATO and also. Troops in Afghanistan. Pelos in leading the delegation included. Shares of the house intelligence and veteran's affairs committee has eleven our order causing the bus carrying the delegation to turn around on its way to the airport. He said she could take a commercial flight to Afghanistan. But also in writing that letter exposed that they were going to Afghanistan, it's outrages, and it's petty and maybe a turning point in the entire debate. The president is using personal retaliation against the speaker. It's no he's not standing up for a cause. It actually reminds me of when Newt Gingrich said that he shut down government because he wasn't allowed to exit from the front of Air Force One and the press labelled him a cry baby because he made it something so petty, and that's what the president is doing is substantively. The there are those of us in congress progressives who actually want to help the president get out of ghanistan and make the case store own leadership. That there's a responsible way of withdrawing troops. Let me tell you. He's not helping himself when he's denying the speaker the opportunity to go to if ghanistan and this is not a tit-for-tat situation. The speaker has said that the president can come for the state of the union, it should be whenever we stopped the shutdown because the department of homeland security personnel aren't being paid and it would be unfair for them. The president is doing something that is totally indicative and wrong. The military is being paid. And this is a time sensitive mission to have ghanistan in light of his own calls to withdraw troops in terms of the broader economic damage. I mean, I meet people all the time from my district and in the community who are really hurting. I mean, they're going without paychecks. They are unable to make mortgage payments or unable to pay in some cases for their kids college education. I mean, this is having a real impact. And it's having a real impact on the economy. The president's own. Economic advisers are saying that we're losing point one percent of GDP growth every week the shutdown goes on and we already have had a slowdown potentially in the economy. This may be a policy that unfortunately, drives us into recession which would be terrible given that it's totally a self inflicted. Let me ask you about a vote that did take place this week the house of representatives loading four hundred twenty four to one to condemn white nationalism in white supremacy in rebuked, Iowa Republican congress member Steve king. It wasn't a formal censure of king who's made similar remarks throughout his sixteen year career, and congress can you comment on what he said. Well, it's so appalling, it's so outrageous that he should resign. But I think your point Amy is a very good one that this is not a unique situation. Doug burns, who's a journalist in Steve kings district has a piece where he chronicles that Steve king king has been saying the same thing about white supremacy for the past ten years, and there hasn't been any action. I'm glad he's been stripped if the committees, but I just don't see how someone of his views, which is blatantly racist can continue to serve twenty-first-century America. Will you be pushing for censure Welby, Tim Ryan has been leading the charge for sensor. I'm hopeful that this will be a bipartisan basis sensor. I don't see how anyone can really stand for what Steve king represents. I wanna thank you very much for being with us Silicon Valley, congressman Barreau Kana from California leading critic of US military. Interventions abroad, this is democracy. Now when we come back, we'll be joined in studio by the foreign minister of Venezuela. Stay with us is a coup against president Maduro in the works. We could be. To find strains cab. Show. Could I say to myself, Michael frontier and spearhead performing their new single the flower, featuring Victoria canal, this is democracy. Now, I make good than the United States allied nations in Latin America are ratcheting up pressure on Venezuelan, what appears to be a coordinated effort to remove Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro from office Madero was sworn in last week to a second six year term following his victory in last May's election, which was boycotted by the opposition days before Maduro was sworn in opposition figure one Guido became head of the national assembly which soon voted to declare Maduro a usurper in an effort to remove him from office, the United States, Brazil and other nations have welcomed the effort vice-president Mike Pence tweeted, the US strongly supports the courageous decision by one boy DOE to declare the country's presidency vacant. On the day of Madore inauguration, January tenth US secretary of state, Mike Pompeo. Call dote to congratulate him on his election victory to head the national assembly, then national security adviser John Bolton announced quote, the United States does not recognize Venezuelan. Dictator nNcholas Maduro illegitimate claim to power on quote Brazil now led by the far, right? Precedent year. Bull Sinato has gone a step further by saying recognizes one go as the rightful president of Venezuela. Even the why del himself hasn't even claimed that title a group of Latin American countries known as the Lima group. Also recently voted to not recognize the legitimacy of Medeiros presidency. Mexico was the sole dissenter the US led effort targeting the oil-rich nation. Venezuela dates back to decades since the late Ugo Chavis became president in nineteen ninety nine in November John Bolton accused Venezuela. Cuba, Nicaragua of being part of a trike. Of tyranny and September the New York Times reported the Trump administration conducted secret meetings with rebellious military officers in Venezuela to discuss overthrowing the Douro in August Madera survived in the SAS ination attempt when he was attacked by a small drone. He accused the US and Columbia of being involved in the plot in two thousand seventeen President Donald Trump said he could not rule out a quote military option to deal with Venezuela. All of this comes as Venezuela's facing a staggering economic crisis caused in part by falling oil, prices and broad US. Sanctions. According to the IMF inflation is over one million percent in the last year the highest rate in the world. They're widespread reports of food and medicine shortages, the United Nations estimates three million Venezuelans have left Venezuela since two thousand fifteen resulting in what the UN has described as an unprecedented migration crisis in Latin America as the political turmoil intensifies, then as well and President Nicolas Maduro has. Reached out to the United Nations to help establish a peace dialogue in Venezuela. Venezuela's foreign minister who met this week with UN secretary general Tonio Gutierrez here in New York on Thursday, a chance to interview foreign minister who has served as foreign minister for the past three years from two thousand thirteen to sixteen he served as Venezuela's vice president I began by asking him if he believes Venezuela is being set up for coup. It's evident this this, man. Who who nobody knows in Venezuela, you asking the streets who is one Widar? Nobody knows him. But he's been pushed to say that he's then you'll precedent by the US. He hasn't said that, but the but Bombay says it Magara from the says it on other president says say that now he's the precedent among trying to push of political conflict in Venezuela. They are calling the armed forces to make pronunciations gain special Medusa. That's what they want that. Cool the time Venezuela they want a war in Venezuela. It's not going to happen. Let's talk more about what you believe is the role of the United States and coalescing and coalescing opposition to Madeira. They. The buses of the of the position they tell them what to do nothing that the opposition is without the permission or Thursday tion of the State Department at least here in the United States. And they they confessed this they they say, well, we have to make consultations with the embassy will have to make consultations with the department of state. It's it's it. It's it happens. I mean, they are not free. They are not independent. So, but in spite of all of that the president is trying to sit again, we position with the democratic opposition not the extra mates position that makes them violent demonstrations. And and burns people alive. No. And that is what he's going to insist on today. But this what's happening now John bulletin tweeting and doing communique some Pompeo and everyone saying Madurai does not the president that he's illegitimate that he's an usurper camman. That is cool again against explain that term usurper. I mean, we're it looks like a, you know, an cases being built for an overthrow when he when Gua though the opposition the head of the national assembly announces that Maduro is a usurper. They are manipulating defense and Constitution Day say that the elections were almost ten million Venezuelans voted on more than six million voted for that. This didn't happen kinda this. They cut it and not only the opposition Washington on Bogota and Lima and Santiago governments government's neoliberal governments in Latin America. So they said when the elections were conveyed three months before the elections. They said they they're going to be a fraud, and they wouldn't recognize the results. And then they pressed the the potential candidates of the opposition not to register on when some of them resisted, they press them to retire to withdraw and they didn't. And now they say that because the elections were fraud, then there's no precedent of Venezuela. So the the the president of the national assembly has to be the new president in all these governments and the US garment encouraging this. This thesis. So it's it's very dangerous. I want to continue on what the US is doing and November national security adviser John Bolton claim Venezuela was part of a troika of tyranny troika of tyranny in this hemisphere. Cuba Venezuela and Nicaragua has finally met its match. In venezuela. The United States is acting against the dictator Madero who uses the same oppressive tactics that have been employed in Cuba for decades, he is installed and illegitimate constituent assembly. The based the currency for political gain and forced his people to sign up for corrupt food distribution service or face certain starvation in December Venezuelan, president Hickel Doro accused US national security adviser John Bolton of leading a plan to invade Venezuela. Today, come out once again to denounce the plot set forth by the US to destroy Venezuela's democracy to assassinate me into pose a dictatorship in Venezuela. Mr John Bolton has been assigned once again as chief of a plot to fill Venezuela with violence to seek a foreign military intervention coup. Assassinate president Maduro and impose what they call. A transitory government minister can you elaborate on this? And also this term troika of tyranny very much reminiscent of George W Bush's axis of evil. Women since of the of the language news in the Cold War, Nixon McCarthy all dark history, and it it has no sense. The twenty first century you have to respect the sovereign nations. We have the right to build our own model democratic model, and yes, the United States governments, especially the obsession of Bolton John Bolton against press in Madurai. They are behind everything that is happening in Venezuela. Just they almost killed assessing question. Do August fourth with drones. And it let's talk about this. This was the first drone attack attempted assassination on a head of state in history. August fourth it was a Saturday. It was in front of the palace of Justice Madero, which giving a speech and explain exactly what happened. What happened is that suddenly a drone appeared? No. And it exploded I wasn't there. But most of the ministers were there, and and the military forces were there, and the the other branches of power were there, and it was two drones. These people were trained in Columbia. We told we gave this information to the Colombian government. We gave them the place where they were trained. The people who are involved in names of the people of officials of migration to lead them across Venezuela with drones we gave the US government information about these people in Miami who met there and also were part of this plot against the do nothing happened. Well, the foreign April at the Latin American summit in Lima, Peru. Vice President Mike Pence said more must be done to isolate Venezuelan President, Nicolas Maduro. We must all stand with our brothers and sisters suffering in Venezuela. And I can promise you the United States will not rest, we will not relent until democracy is restored in Venezuela and the Venezuelan people reclaim their birthright of Libertad. So that's vice President Mike Pence in June. Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro called US vice President Mike Pence a viper and vowed to defeat what he called Washington's attempts to force him from power. Going for the might every time the poisonous. Viper. Mike Pence opens his mouth, I feel stronger. Clear of what the road is the road is ours. It is VIN as Waylon it is not the one Mike Pence points out to us twenty poisonous snakes twenty fighters. Mike pence. Foreign minister RDS's explained why what is Mike Pence's particular interest. Here. You're looking at Pence Bolton and Pompeo now secretary of state. Pose his religious guy. He's from with extreme. Right. You know him and his obsessed as well with the Venezuelan revolution. You see? They say you have to restore democracy in Venezuela. We have a democracy we have had twenty five elections in twenty years. We've had election for president in one thousand nine hundred eighty two thousand two thousand four two thousand and six in two thousand and nine two thousand twelve two thousand thirteen two thousand eighteen I mean, our people are used not only democracy because the constitution says you have to elect this this precedents and parliament members and an mayors governors. No because we have society is is is organizing community counselors, say Oklahoma and communes, and you take the decisions every single day swell entire exercise in democracy. We have Democrats the access to education, which was being privatized before the revolution. We. Democrat Democrats are sized access to housing which was also exclusive for the rich before the revolution. We have Democrats sized access to health we have over they were they used to be Cubans. Now, the Venezuelans over the country you walk one block, and you have the doctor there. So we really trying to build a route. Democracy rooted on the end to end, the people, and that is what they don't like because that is not what they would iphone from the conscious of Latin America I wanted to talk about sanctions and the effect. They're having on the Venezuelan economy. You have Henry Kissinger still an elder statesman, consulted by Democrats and Republicans alike. Let's go back half a century. Go back decades. He wanted to make the Chilean economy under a yen day scream. He said do you have the half century embargo against Cuba? What does economic pressure economic sabotage? If you will look like in Venezuela in November. The Congressional Research Service published a short overview of current US sanctions in Venezuela and mentions. The Trump administration is considering a new wave of sanctions, but the report also states, quote, although stronger economic sanctions could influence. As well. And governments behavior they also could have negative effects and unintended consequences and lists are concerned that stronger sanctions could exacerbate Venezuela's difficult humanitarian situation, which has been marked by shortages of food and medicines increased poverty and mass migration. Many Venezuelan civil society groups oppose sanctions that could worsen humanitarian conditions now. Again, this is not a while in president saying this, this is the US Congressional Research Service. Can you talk about the effect of US sanctions on Venezuela? People suffering because of this so-called sanctions, which are go has unilateral measures. This is not proved by the United Nations Security council. It has an only galley these are decisions taken by one government unilaterally to impose a blockade the gains Venezuela. So it's difficult for us to import food to import medicine. We can choose the dollar currency to exchange. We have to switch only this switching from the dollars to us is is more than what we need to invest in an importing the vaccines for our children or the treatment for Wien Venezuela for two years, and it's probably figured that. I can give you more than twenty thousand million dollars that we have lost because of the the so-called sanctions in more than a year. Sanctions are overt are their covert sanctions against Bennis. Wale. Of course, because it's not only these that is that is official. It's it's it's pressing the company's not to work with Venezuela. It's threatening to seize a company that we have here in the United States to go. We cannot repatriate the profit from our company the United States to in food and medicine Venezuela. Citgo which is Venezuelan state oil company has been used for many years in the United States to support for people in their programs for to have oil in the winter to intend to keep on using it for this in the United States. But most of the prophet Aniela should be sent to Venezuela. We cannot do it. It has to be hearing the banks of the United States blocked. We have more than one thousand six hundred million dollars us in Europe in this this company intimidates co euro clear why because of the sanctions you mentioned Russia on Wednesday Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov expressed concerns over US meddling in Venezuela. The we've talked that allows for military involvement in Venezuela talked at the United States will now recognize as the president of Venezuela, nNcholas Maduro view, the Representative of the parliament, this is very alarming and all this shows is that the approach of undermining governments the United States doesn't like stays on as a priority of their activity in Latin America and in other regions. If you can talk about the significance of Lavrov weighing in. Also, the latest news in December Russia lending to nuclear capable black blackjack bombers Venezuela's part of a joint training exercise. It's Russia has been friends of sweater for over sixteen. Jesus. We believe that the world has to have several pose several centers only the United States, the United States cut all the military cooperation with Venezuela twenty years ago, and we have military cooperation with Russia and this plane's their crafts that came this year. They came in twenty thirteen us, well and nothing happened. But dizzy, I was taking like like it was this with we're trying to bomb the US come on that's nonsense. We have the right to have cooperation with Russia with China with will who whatever country in the world. And what the up said there is exactly what the United States do is doing. And he he knows that they are trying to manipulate the people the media the constitution of even to impose a man who's not being elected president. Then his Wayland foreign minister hor, hey, we'll be back with him in thirty seconds. What? About. About democracy. Now democracy now dot the Warren peace report, I'm Amy Goodman, as we continue with my interview with the Venezuelan foreign minister hor hey, are ASA. You have massive flight from Venezuela. The U N High Commissioner for refugees has called the ongoing. Venezuelan migration crisis unprecedented in Latin America, the UN estimates about three million Venezuelans have left since two thousand fifteen. Another two million are projected to leave this year about a million of them are living in Columbia, half a million, Peru, Ecuador origin. Tina Chile, Panama, Brazil, all of large numbers. Why foreign minister audio are so many people so many Venezuelans leaving. I it's not you don't how many Colombians live in Venezuela. Six million Colombia Venezuela over Peruvians Ecuadoreans over. One million Spaniards talian Portuguese Arabs over two million. So of course, they migration at the moment because we have blocked because it's difficult to find medicine to find some some products of food and the hyper inflation process with an exchange rate, Amy that it's not said by the national elephant in Venezuela by the day, the central Bank. It's set by web pages in Miami. No the exchange rate today before doodles inauguration was one dollar one thousand believers, which is crazy will today of the inauguration. It Kate it it was two thousand believers for one daughter, and that has no economic logic that is openly typical that is warfare that he's juicing deterrent see against our own people. So we are worried, of course, because they're Venezuela. It's not three. Million venezuelans. It's probably one million Venezuelans. I'm most of the people that have have gun to Columbia are Colombians leave in Venezuela and have gone back to their country. And we are willing them for to come back to Venice. Well, that's what we want for the Venice weapons on The Columbia's leave in Venezuela to come back to Venice. Economy inflation over a million percent last year the highest rate in the world the figure of the day. That's not the that's not the figure out all it's probably ten times less than that. It's a very difficult problem. But this inflation is induced from abroad, it is produced by these web pages and all these warfare Konami war for gains Venezuela. It is not only because we have not taken some measures in Minnesota. Of course, it's not it's it makes things very difficult for the Venezuelan people food and medicine shortages. Do you feel that your government the mid would take some responsibility for taking perfect as the government? Here is not perfect at all. And the government nineteen perfect. Of course, we we have responsibilities, but most of the problem, the vast majority of the problems and. Venezuela are caused by the blockade that caused by the warfare warfare games Venezuela. And in spite of full of that we are in the best situation today than we were in twenty sixteen. There is more food. There's more medicine. There's more the employment is under six unemployment is under six percent and many things. I mean, we have not closed one school while university one hospital we have not expelled the Cuban doctors because we have to protect our people. We have the leave it more than two million five hundred houses to our people in the last four years, and that is investment that we have made in spite of the sanctions in spite of the blockade against Venezuela. Let me ask you about human rights. Watch Venezuelan NGO photo panel recently releasing a report accusing Venezuelan intelligence and security forces detaining and torturing military personnel accused of plotting against the government. The report claims quote, some detainees were subject. To agree just abuses that amount to torture to force them to provide information about alleged conspiracy, psychological warfare against in this. Of course, the thing these that the war in plots last year to overthrow Madero. But with no one is torturing them. This happened is in the lesson to in Venezuela. We were used to Turtur will use students being killed into streets. Every week. We were jus to repression that's topped with the volleyball revolution doesn't happen anymore. But this phone NGOs phase also, but you say then by the government of the United States, and they say what they have to say because they have paid. So I want to ask you about other leaders in Latin America on the one hand you have Brazil's far, right? President now trae your bowl Sinato and Argentina's president Modise yo mockery meeting to discuss joint opposition to the Venezuelan government. And then you have the newly elected president of Mexico. I'm low Andreessen while Lopez sober or who is not joining with these other countries who were posing Venezuela. But I talk about the Makkari bowl sonata alliance. And what that means joining the US. So I told inlets it's like a company no corporation. Trump is the CEO of a corporation, and this presidents who are businessmen his directors and they want to promote it by Trump. So they have to do have to follow the orders. And they have been said that they have to isolate Madurai that they have to the not recognize my does government, and they have to do what these the United. State says so in all the to overthrow Mobuto. And that's what they're doing. Of course, we're worried about Brazil because this man is far on the right now, it's fussier. And again, it's it's what we felt that that what we believed to have disappeared from the Latin American history. It's happening again. This man hates women. This man hates the black population. These men hates the homosexual community these men hasten Venezuelans, he's racist. We worried about Brazil. He hates the poor. But. Brazilian former Brazilian military dictatorship as he loves the dictatorship. What is it mean to you that I'm though the president of Mexico dry, Manuela Passover or the stance he has taken and support event as Waila believe the president of Mexico is right? We have to respect each other. We have to respect the principles of international law. I mean, if you joined the the United Nations, it's because you respect the internal affairs of the other states. It's because he was spent the equality of states. It's because you don't have the right to interfere in other nations. That's not what the United States. Does. They have done wars in Iraq. President Trump said that he regretted we regretted that the United States invaded Iraq. Because now the situation is worse than it was with Saddam Hussein on the same alleviate see the same thing happening. And of course, very serious similarity. You have George W Bush coining the term or his people writing the turn him saying it in two thousand two. To access of evil which set up the foundation for the invasion of Iraq. And then you have the US talking about the troika of tyranny and the similarities between Iraq and Venezuela or three letters oil and interestingly many years ago, the original name of the invasion of Iraq was going to be peration Iraqi liberation, but they realize the acronym was oil, and they had to change it that was the United States. But what about the similarity this resource focusing on countries that are, you know, the world's more most important oil providers. Sure that if we only had but Ennis none of this intervention would be happening. But we have oil we have gas. We have gold. We have silver. We have books. It. We have Iran. We. We have water. I mean Venezuelan is very rich wealthy nation. And that is why we are they want to rule the country again as they did until nineteen Ninety-Eight. They want to have control of Venezuelan resources. And that is why they are so obsessed to overthrow doodle because they want to have these resources for the development of capitalism here in the United States. This cool will look like if it takes place, first of all I cannot take place. We we have to defend our constitution. And we have to defend the peace of the Venezuelan people on the military forces in Venezuela are allying with the constitution. They support the constitution. And as a consequence of that, they support the legitimate president. Who is nNcholas my daughter, no doubt about it. So he won't happen. But what they would like to happen is that some military's say that though is not the president anymore. And then they would have. Point this junk, fellow why dole press in with over the no constitutional report. And then they will have control of the of the oil. Venezuela said at the oil, they will have control of the company's on Venezuela. The resources the goal, then everything, and they believe that is possible. That's not possible. Not not in Venezuela. Maybe in some other country. Not Venezuela tweet that just came over from Florida Senator Marco Rubio, he says we must support those members of military in Venezuela who have announced they will defend the constitution and recognize why though as legitimate interim president that's the president of the national assembly. You know, that those I supposed to be military people. They leave in Peru. They don't even Venezuela. That's the picture heated. That's video of military. Nets video that last night came and and it it's supposed to Venezuela. Military's who leaving Peru? I mean, that's part of the show. They are probably paid. Maybe by the Peruvian government. I don't know they are in the Peruvian TV that's not happening in Venezuela. That's what Michael will once that this were to happen in Venezuela that the military were to announce that they don't recognize pressing. That's gonna happen. If it were to happen small group, we are ready for for any scenario. But that's that. They they want to the time. When it's well that's a good prove of what Bolton pens and Trump and Marco Rubio one for Venezuela. Issue of press freedom Venezuela in December, the seventy five year old newspaper illness, you know, published its last issue. It was the largest remaining opposition newspaper publishing in Venezuela. The committee to protect journalists reported the closure was due to restrictions that the government imposed on access to muse print, according to CPJ over twenty Venezuelan publications have been forced out of print due to government restrictions on newsprint. Now, Italy Southwick of CPJ said, quote, the disappearance of nasty NAS. Print addition is the latest casualty of the Venezuelan government's ever expanding campaign to silence critical reporting and limit the voices of independent media in the country before. Oh, this canonical trouble and problems. We have we used to subsidize the imports of paper for the newspapers. And now it's the private newspapers have to import own newspaper, and it's more expensive. So that's what happened to a nicer now. But and that's you you can take the social networks you can take tweeter you can putting an in Google you can Google kill Medusa Mata. My little my little, and it's all over all the media in Venezuela. The radio stations newspapers TV broadcasting channels of the opposition probably seventy percent of the media in Venezuela, which is private these against the government are an encouraging all this situations to have them because they are owned by the wealthy families traditional wealthy families of Venezuela. But I mean that that's part of the show saying that in Venezuela. There's an free press and. For this. It's not true. It's not see now cropped. They don't have enough money. They don't sell enough newspaper in order to have money to import owning their own paper Venezuelan audience. How would you define the boulevard in revolution? I mean, you are the foreign minister under doodo. You're also the son in law of betcha. That's talk about that history. The history of the boulevard in revolutionize process of independence of giving the people the rights of guaranteeing that the people have access to health to education to housing to coach or to their national identity to the sovereignty that is their Venezuelan revolution demo catalysing, our society, really the mocha ties into the human rights in Venezuela. That is what we're trying to do using the wealth of oil on the other and natural resources to invested in in the people for the people as ABRAHAM LINCOLN said, that's our mean that's how we're goal. That's what happened, but because those resources are not for the US not for the interests in the world, they had trying to overthrow press in tavist, and then pressing a doodle, and they will continue we present would like to have a conversation with. Trump, and it would probably solve some issues because I am sure that when they took on C show the to the ice they would see that that that they can they can coexist, and they can fulfill some some agreements between them. But there's no way I haven't been able to to have meeting with a not with compel who who is the the my my like minister foreign affairs know with no one into into State Department. They don't want to have dialogue with the Venezuelan authorities. What what's that? That's that's an a civilized final question. This is about the international criminal court in September Argentina Canada Chile. Colombia Paraguay Peru called on the ICC to investigate Venezuela Human Rights Watch hailed the move saying into crackdowns in two thousand fourteen and two thousand seventeen Venezuelan security forces committed systematic abuses against critics including. Torture Human Rights, Watch research shows they detained more than fifty four hundred people between April and July two thousand seventeen members of the security forces have beaten detainees, severely, tortured, them with electric, shocks, fixation, sexual assault and other brutal techniques. No, you can compare the human rights record of Venezuela with Argentina, Brazil, or any of these countries that are doing manipulating the international institutions and using them to attack Venezuela. We are waiting for tell today who is High Commissioner of human rights of the United patients to visit. The former president torture survivor is unseen invited by Madan. We're waiting for her to come to Venezuela. And to see this agent by himself. Of course, this is part of the warfare against Venezuela. But as I told you. This is going to be part of the past Amy these governments right wing governments in Latin America are going to be over some of them these years then next year on Venice. Venezuela is going to be there. At least that's right wing wave throughout Latin America, of course, excluding excluding Mexico. Yes. Mexico believe any Iowa, the Caribbean nations have popular government says well, but it's your way, of course, has a progressive government as well. But it's it's part of the cycle to know. It's part of this. I goes, but I must say that that the United States was focus on the Middle East after nine eleven and invested all these funds and money and suddenly the the progressive governments became my yhorities Latina mega Wedneday turned her head. They say what's happening here. We have to do something we have to do a coup tying Honduras because these days is trying to progressive. We have to fund the candidates of the right we have to. So they have had success until now what the peoples of Latin America are are seeing witnessing this, and they will change the conditions. They will change because the peoples have the right to be in power in Latin America. Then his Waylon foreign minister, he was here in New York to meet with the UN secretary general. He's also the former vice president of NS Walea and the son-in-law of the late president who charges that does it for our broadcast. Happy birthday to eat Pentti if you'd like to sign up for our daily digest each day, you can text the word democracy now. One word to six six eight six six or go to our website and sign up at democracy now dot org democracy now is produced by Mike Burke, dean, Augusta Carla wills Time Warner same alcove John Hamilton Rubbi Karen Honey Masud during into during Tamera us. Did you and Libby rainy? Mike to flip. Again, the garra engineer special. Thanks to Becca. Stella Julie Crosby. I made me Goodman. Thanks so much for joining us.
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Russia tells Japan than Kuril islands sovereignty is not for discussion
Today provide you with indepth news and expert analysis ten of the who story bigger picture for you, the news you want to know only on today. Moshe tells Japan the Kirby island sovereignty is not for discussion when his Willem President Nicolas Maduro catis Brazilian counterpart jar boss naral a Morton version of Hitler, Canadian drug smugglers, sentenced to death by Chinese court and China doubles foreign investment quotas in further opening you're listening to today. News programme with a different perspective. I'm joining comb. Yup. Or have an hour of road. News and analysis to hear this episode again or catch up on previous episodes. You can download our podcast by searching world. News analysis talks between the foreign ministers of Russia and Japan have failed to overcome differences over four disputed Pacific islands Russian foreign ministers. Sergei Lavrov said among date that Moscow sovereignty over several disputed islands was not up for discussion. And that the disagreements between the countries still obstruct the past to a peace deal. You. Miss your particular got over this today, we have confirmed our readiness to work based on the declaration from nineteen fifty-six, which first of all means into pretty of the verify stem recognition by Japanese snipers. The results of World War Two in the first extent, including the Russian federation sovereignty of all the southernmost. Coral islands by Japan have not signed opposed to peace treaty due to their rival claims to four Pacific islands caught a southern curve balls in Russia and northern territories. In Japan in Vancouver, Russian President, Vladimir Putin and Japanese Prime minister Shinzo lobby agreed to exceleron talks on a peace agreement, which will built on a nine fifty six Japan Soviet Union declaration, which restored diplomatic ties the join declaration that the Soviet Union. No, greater Hanover, two of the islands to depend following a peace deal to pan, however, demanded sovereignty. Over all disputed islands. The two leaders are expected to hold peace talks next week for more on those were now joined on the line by Dr Lintott way, research fellow was National University of Singapore, East Asian institute, so doctrinal and the first of all could you tell us more about the background at this lawn. Standing territorial dispute between the two nations. You're the whole issue came about at the end of the war when troops basically, enter the what is known as your grow islands to to these union and the van state on in the islands and in nineteen fifty six that was an agreement that was ratified by the parliaments of both of union and Japan for the return of the islands to Japan. But the agreement was the because of the nineteen sixty US Japan alliance the treaty due to Soviet concern about year presence off a US troops and foreign troops in Japan. And so since then the. Issue has been sort of difficult issue between Soviet Union in Japan and liter on off the Soviet Union was dissolved in nineteen ninety one the problems the has remained bilateral relations between Russia and Japan. And the way we are right now at the moment. Mission about the nine fifty six joint declaration. So what is clear that say about the sovereignty of the islands? What are the major disputes there? I think you're recreational the island was meant to be piece restoration of peace of the World War Two between Soviet Union, and Japan and also the restoration of trees like the islands known as northern. Territories Japanese and islands of southern Coney Island to here. So the union of time so that was supposed to be the the treaty that will end hostilities from carried over from World War Two officially and formally between the two countries. And actually Japanese Prime minister, Shinzo Ave has recently expressed hope that this year will Mark a breakthrough in solving the territorial dispute and also spoke about an imminent challenge in the island's status. But what do you make of Russia's stance on this issue? And do you think they can make a quick breakthrough? That was a positive atmosphere. That was created by talk in the thing Paul and also the remain to accelerate the talks on the island and this positive atmosphere is expected to carry on regards to peace talks between the two countries to bring a formal and to we'll to issues, and it is expected that the positive atmosphere. We carried on January twenty second Pleming sessions are being is invited to Moscow at the petition of president of Putin right now, there are talks going on to potassium or the twenty second of January summit, and they had been the meetings between the foreign ministers of Japan and Russia, and it has. Decatur it that there are still issues to be resolved and both sides talking greater details. Talks in greater details. Also carrying on between the deputy, foreign minister of Russia and also a senior deputy minister of born affairs from Japan. So you can see that that tops going on at all levels from the higher ministerial level to the deputies. The hope is that the tops can bring off some kind of positive atmosphere and also maybe some brought agreements so that the the Top's can go on with regards to restoration or a return of the islands from the Japanese perspective. And also Shinzo have earlier said on TV that a possible transfer of the islands should take place with the agreement of Russians living there one. I mean by that. And how do you look at those at the end of the war to as the Russians entered the island's dispute islands and because they took over the territories. The nationality of the residents are on the islands at least thirty thousand of them have become Russian citizen. Jeff all if there is there any transfer of sovereignty from the Russians to the Japanese that would naturally mean that the nationalities of thirty thousand residents will have to be changed to Japanese citizenship. That fall he mentioned that there's a need for stakeholders consultations with the community over there. And also Sergei Lavrov said he also drew his Japanese counterpart attention a statement by obvious political aide suggesting. Solving the territory's feud was Russia would help efforts by Japan and the US to deter China. He caught the statement outrageous and said it raised new questions about the independence of Japanese foreign policy. What do you make of that? Sort of concerns about Joe political alignments in the region, and it would really have to be up to the calculation of national interest on the part of both Russians and Japanese to size up. What they think of the joke medical realities are facing the national interest. And that fall it is like that the talks of go on to sort of frankly, tell each other the other side what major Joe political concerns are befall a piece of treaty is fine and those talks are ongoing. And how does the the US military presence in Japan? Further complicate the signing of the peace treaty between Moscow in Tokyo. US japan. Alliance is very strong one has been in place for tacky and the two countries have sort of become a fulcrum of he US alliance network in the region. And that's all it may have some concerns of mouth, you know, Russian observers, and therefore the need to sort of have thanked talks before moving onto the actual peace talks to sign a peace treaty between Japan and the Russian still on the upcoming talks, bitten Ave, ambulance. Putin. Do think there's much we can expect from that meeting would depend on the wisdom of the leaders and the Goshi eight us the so-called carrots all the incentives might be. Investments from the Japanese site going into e finance or which are set to be resources reach. And also if that was the priest peace treaty that is fine. And if the positive atmosphere, and bilateral relations, can improve there's also possibility of tourism from Japanese tourists or entering into resigning or for consumption, and so these are sort of some of the benefits that that both Japan and Russia can potentially flying complimentarities in. Thank you, Dr. Liam highway research fellow was National University of Singapore, East Asian institute Minhas William President Nicolas Maduro said on Monday that Brazil's president as Morton day equivalent of Adolf Hitler after Brasilia. According to question, the result of Venezuela's recently election will go bring you more on this right after this break. You're listening to today. I'm joing we'll be back in a minute. I am on Koch idea. I teach at the university in DEA today has organized programs, and it says on bringing in a lot of views from all over. It is an extremely good platform for information and analysis, and I wish should all success in the future. Speaker with the day. I feel very much grateful for providing jump for me to communicate to the world and China's progress in China accomplishment and also China's cultural heritage, and of course, China's desire to integrated delve into the international community. I believe today opened the window as well as built bridge between people in China and the world. Mocumbi here listening to today. I'm joing, MS Willem. President nNcholas Monroe is calling Brazilian president verbose narrow a more than out of Hitler Monroe made the comment during a state of the nation speech on Monday. Those comes days after Brazil, officially recognized who on Guadalupe ASA legitimate head of Venezuela while dole is an opposition leader and the head of the Venezuelan. Congress Monroe was sworn into a second term last week, however opposition leaders allege his second term is illegitimate. Suggesting last year's presidential election had been manipulated to Medeiros favor with more on those wear joined on the line by DO go. Martin's political analyst was Intel crowd consulting. Good evening. Thanks for joining us drinking forever Murugan. So does Monroe have appointing calling boss neuro Morton Hitler. I think the worst most of the people who use analogy comparing. Hitler. I think they overuse is analogous is quite easy to find some some some our diversity us allergies to try to for trail. The political believe are the racist. And something like that. That said I think that also night is not Hitler. There's lots of reasons to say that he's a racist. He's a misogynist believe that he's very far to be a Hitler on. But the main point I like to stress that the the president is not trying to to use Brazil to fulfill his aggressive plans for them of America. I mean, so far they will has not been straight invitation to to colleagues the conflict within Isola for a level of military conflicts. And I believe this is the most important owning that must try so far. And also when we talk about this this conflict between resume Venezuela. I believe that both on our is using this this problem between Israel to come to life. He's. Port. He she's political support team America and also in Brazil. So in the end of the day when he tries this problem against as is also trying to be more popular inside presuming Kamara in the national arena, so far he's he's getting more and more attention that work. Well, actually, Brazil Venezuela have maintained friendly relations for over a decade. So what do you make of what what's behind was happening right now? I even understand that fund the best that both countries they had have likely spread. I mean, Brazil we had lefay over and even as we have which is. So they have very similar agendas in some point. I mean Wilson I that for example, Lula fewer, and it was obvious. They weren't on the phone. There's of the whole form some form with the organization this organization that was supposed to to foster and promote leftist governments, and I can America. So that said we have to remember that both Brazil, and as well they rely a lot commodities. So when they they Brazil has less leverage because I can export not only oil, but we can export for them. So I mean, I m and the one someone, but I think that when they come on the price they startling to decrease. Amir's I go both governments in Brazil in Venezuela. They start losing propriety that that what's happening in Venezuela. Was there? They lost most of the contact with people, and even as well, the the they start they start being more more democratic in Brazil, they became I mean, they are all change in Brazil. We know that US officials. They are considering imposing more sanctions someone is well over Medeiros alleged cheating last year's election. What do you make this move? And do you think it is in the interest of the United States to do? So. Very also they say is new measures. Is there also they they start more pressure against the government? But I think that he's not going to affect Overman itself is going to add more and more people the end of the day or going to suffer is not the government the government, very just a crystallized by the the state, but the thing that people are going to suffer even more because they have a high inflation rate have starvation. They country in have been international pressure. I think is really bad for the Venezuela people and actually on the other hand we see countries including Cuba. Russia and Turkey are showing support to Mendel and representatives of more than ninety countries attended materials inaugural ceremony last week. So we'll the recognition and support from these countries. Make any difference. I think they're not really big changed. All you supporting or so far there more or less? Same countries. Some of them received direct financial support from Venezuela past especially in American countries. Russia and also have a kind of very very important financial contact within his government. But I think that Venezuela's going if they scenario keeps as we see now, we're going to see more and more alone. Venezuela america. I mean, when you remember that most of the products, they finish L people use are imported it is really difficult for people to to to to stay. And dilemma American community seems to be pretty divided when it comes to the Venezuela issue and some support -ment drool some are against him. So from a bigger picture. What does this tell us about the political landscape in lenton America right now over a mentioned before when number two degrees commodity price? And you have the loss of the of the government. Is all about. In Ecuador in Peru, UC that this is a model a big trend nineteen America medically outside of the context now because the elevator life government, Mexico, but for other countries other countries in the continent, you have a very strong and stable shift for the right? I think that the the biggest likeliest leader in Latin America left now only Mr. Evan L. Even believe you believe that you currently. The biggest left his government in America. The also actually one Guadeloupe became known to people outside when while only recently, and he is very yawn and the congress that he is heading has been stripped off his power by Mendel. So do think his able to pose a real challenge to Mendel? Trying to concentrate. More of the groups who are are games the government to create a real over. Is very young. As said what he's trying to create to connect with different groups to capitalize, more and more integrate real operation, like the the the government, but if the level of inflation that the country has also this political instability in the national pressure, and also as I said, there's a possibility they commodities rice are going in Greece this year. I always in these things together, and I can can can fire the concert either the can relate very easily. Can pressure some countries in the region, especially Columbia and Brazil to take maybe the military action against any. This can be really malting now, but this games call eight very very easily. So what could be a way out for Venezuela's political and economic crisis? I believe the only way out in this scenario is to reduce Mr. my offers. I think in the end of the day he had he has too much power correctly has to transfer some of the power to the family of the country. But I think is very visual this to happen. I pray to conflict onto discolored the difficult decision. Okay. Thank you, Dr Diego Martins political analyst with Intel cloud consulting, Canadian men has been sentenced to death in China for smuggling over two hundred kilograms of drugs, according Dalia, retrial robot, Lloyd Schellenberg who had appealed his original fifteen year prison sentence, and he sided on the death penalty it affirmed that Schellenberg two part in organized at transitional drug smuggling and acted as a ringleader in trafficking case in twenty. Fourteen Schellenberg was arrested in December the same year before his arrest. He had prepared to flee to Thailand before from Dalian, but was arrested about intransigent Incan, Joe he can appeal within ten days, and we will bring you more on this with the about five minutes and China will double the pota- for the country's for an institutional investment program continuing to open up as financial system the state and astray shin of foreign exchange. The foreign exchange regulators said Monday, it would increase the pota- for the qualified foreign institutional investor or q program to three hundred billion US dollars from one hundred fifty billion US dollars to meet investment demand from abroad started in two thousand and two the Q program was for years the main way for foreign investors to access China's stock and bond markets. Authorities have been stressing the plan to further open China's financial system building on earth. Earlier promises that would better integrate the more than forty trillion US dollars sector into the global economy. And we'll bring you more on this in about twenty minutes. Jonah in Finland have agreed to promote their partnership not only in about in Rhode initiative, but also in winter sports in meeting was finished counterpart, Xi Jinping caught on both sides to boost cooperation in Bowie. Transport two way. Trade third party cooperation proposing discussion on the Arctic shipping routes and the polar soak road, the two also oversaw the launch of Joan of Finland year of a winter sports Jonah and the United Arab amorous have agreed to enhance cooperation under the bout and road initiative. The agreement was part of a meeting between president Xi Jinping's, special Representative young shoe and the crown prince the two sides also agreed on more work on anti-terrorism efforts for mutual interests. And regional stability. American silk, route set light data service center has officially opened in Fujio in Fujin. The data service center is Stu to processing formation in areas, including land forestry, environmental protection, water resources, agriculture disaster, alleviation whether and oceans initially activated at the end of last year the center is now able to receive store process and distribute realtime remote sensing data from twenty six domestic set lights coming up Canadian drug smugglers, suggests by Chinese court Chana doubles for an investment Pote in for the opening and recap of what has been touched this over Russia tells Japan that curvier island sovereignty is not for discussion when as well and President Nicolas Maduro catis Brazilian counterpart jar boss naral a Morton version of Hitler to listen to the episode again or catch up on previous episodes. You can download our podcast by. Searching world news analysis. I'm Joey we'll be back in a minute. Welcome back. You're listening to today. I'm John Wayne. Now as global survey where we look at what's happening around the world. Joining me in the studio was Patrick Flannery to my we begin in Asia where South Korea's president is calling for a longer prison sentence for the coach convicted of raping and Olympic gold medalist, Indonesia is welcoming investors electric vehicles with Hyundai already on board to discuss a green vehicle project in Oceania a union representing the new villain doctors protesting pay. At public hospitals is now calling for a second strike to take place later this month. Australia's for minutes. Her house, a new dress code for the country's newest people Benning beachwear at citizenship ceremonies in Africa. Tonight. The international criminal court has freed former Ivory Coast president Laurenti Bagbo from prison dropping charges of crimes against humanity. Islamic state west Africa, an offshoot of Boko haram has stormed the town in northeastern Nigeria just weeks before national elections turning to the moon. East? It Sloan light which violated the UN Security Council was deemed a failure FRANZ committing over one billion dollars to help rebuild Iraq following war against these logic state in Europe, two people have been killed and forty held. And what activists say is a government led purge of gay people in the Russian Republic of Chechnya police say the man who killed the mayor of a polish town over the weekend was mentally disturbed and had no political motive for the murder. Let him to London America five million. Several rinse next month are expected to vote for president and vice president who will govern Elsevier door for a five-year term. Authorities in Suriname say they have convinced the Kate it two hundred kilograms of cocaine in the southern American countries largest ever drugs seizure and finally in North America. Smaller tax refunds are expected. This year, meaning many Americans will not be buying a car reversing a typical consumer trend and the Saudi Arabian refugee from Canada granted asylum says she wants a job into living nor. Life in her new country. Thank you, Patrick global headline survey for today, China's foreign ministry said onto you say it was strongly dissatisfied after Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau accused China of arbitrarily sentencing Canadian to death for drug smuggling ministry spokesperson heart-wrenching has urged Canada to respect China's sovereignty and stop making such remarks. Canadian men has been sentenced to death in Jonah for smuggling over two hundred kilograms of drugs, according Dalia and retrial Robert Lloyd Schellenberg who had appealed his original fifteen year prison sentence and sided on the death penalty it affirmed that Schellenberg took part in organized transitional drug smuggling and acted as a ringleader in trafficking case in two thousand fourteen Schoenberg was arrested in December the same year before his arrest. He had prepared to flee to Thailand from Dalian. But as arrested while in transit in on Joe he can. Appeal within ten days for more on this case, we're now joined on the line by Victor goal. Our current affairs commentator Gooding Victor joining us. Good evening fall. Thank you for having me. So what do you make of a court ruling? And what does the Jonas slow say about the the sentence on drug cases? Well, first of all if we look at the echoes of case, it's a quarry and his the Schellenberg being indicted of very his crimes of smuggling drugs on the quantity involved, his huge by Edney said that and by Chevy's legal spent it's really punishable by death. So I think that this is by the Chinese called to give out the death sentence, which is relatively speaking rare. Very rare or pouring national to be given a defendant in China is rare, but is not unprecedented. A British and the Japanese drunk dealers before were also sentenced to death and executed. So I think the Canadians needs to really know that by Chinese Beagles that such he nece crimes of drug dealing and drug trafficking is punishable by death, and it is attempted in China. And I hope I miss Shannon, bug will go through the process. I personally do not agree with that. But it is the law here in China and Canadian including the Canadian Prime Minister, I need to respect the the gallon teed of these sentences in China and should avoid interfering in the Chinese legal system and many have noticed that actually he was originally sentenced to fifteen years in prison and after he appealed against the court rate filed the case decided on the death penalty. So many are questioning this huge. Gap is something that often happens like other new evidence coming up that make the court to make those new decision of is is of quite unusual anomaly for the rule of where a poppy is gonna be okay, appeal, whatever that is decided at the appellate called level or should not give out a punishment harsher than the original sentence. However, as I said, even though I was not present at the trial, even the calls leading up to the appeal new, evidences K and also spent is the Shannon, but have been reclassified originally, I understand he was a classified as the complex to this drug traffic. But later as it learns he has being classified as the ringleader as the. Main poppy responsible for the drug traffic, and plus involving such a heinous amount of ah quantity more than two hundred kilo grab loose of cocaine then the appellate cost decided to give out that they're send. I think different people may have reviews about this, very technical point. But I think that the decision by the appellate court and unless other things have this should be upheld as it is. And also the thing is it all happens coincidentally nod just a few weeks after the hallway executive one Joe was arrested by the Canadians at the request of the United States. So I guess that is why there are suspicions in the west. There must be some kind of links between the two cases and China has political is the drug case. What's your take on? Does. Do you think there are political motivations behind his case? Well, I think the arrest of what Joe by the Canadian authorities is a political case and his political motivated by that stays Canadians act as the comfort to politically motivated the case by the not the Chinese government has demanded and the Chinese people remain. We have demanded to have by the released so less possible. If my money's not released in the timely manner. If eventually she is repatriated or extradited to the state of then I'm sure for the record that the relations between John carry terror right to a poison the China Canadia relations, the wrong doer is not China Canadian side, and I think prime minister Trudeau show exercises, political wisdom and realized that all these things even though they are not related. In philosophical says all related, and if you slap the Chinese on the face regarding loan shabbes, we'll slap you pack. That's very natural. Anyway, who really think otherwise, we'll be very much this kind it? And I think the radius should really wake up to the reality that you really need to deal with China with respect release monks as soon as possible. Yes. They're political motivations behind him. One. Joe case you mean, but do you think there are political motivations behind the Canadian case, the Canadian case, I think the arrest by the Canadian authorities of my mother as poisoned the relations between China and Canada, and many things will be tainted by such deterioration of relations between challenge it will take the to detangle I Canada will ten in the right way and China will Tango. Oh in the right way. At whatever the merits of a case, Bobby. Let's say miss the Shelvin buckle. Otherwise, all included the other two today the nationals being arrested and they best the gated. They will be dealt with properly. There is no link according to the government philosophic philosophically speak in the whole universe. Everything is related. Okay. And Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau accused Beijing of arbitrarily applying the death sentence against Schellenberg and saying that all countries around the world should be concerned about Beijing's behavior was response to those statements. I think the truth is very simple anyone in China arrested with your heat is cry of drug the the drug trafficking. Either travel Mashal all foreign nationals. I the Americans or British oil a Japanese all Canadian we'll be dealt with according to the harshest of the highest level of illegals, including death penalty. I think the government needs to make this point very clear to probably Trudeau don't best up with the child is law about drug dealing and drug trafficking. Otherwise, that's be waiting for the criminal. Well, just to make it clear. China has. Advocated other foreign nationals before and some of them are from countries with good relations with Beijing. Is that correct? Yes, I understand. There is a there was a British national most likely if I'm wrong of Pakistani, and he will send us to execute despite of feather that they're probably just Britain appealed to the these of our day for leaning China talk to the gun and have the criminal Julie convicted and centers be next kid. There was another case Japanese, though was also arrested and tried for drunks have. And he his case was also says to them and execute so other than true miracle, for example. And I do believe in. Their close, especially member. Go be put to death will be go process. It's regret. I personally do not agree with that. But it may most likely have it. Okay. Thank you appeal for census. Let's appeal for the Canadians to do the right thing. Yes. Thank you to our current affairs commentator come. Yup. Jonah doubles foreign investment coda in further. Opening. You're listening today. I'm joing we'll be back in a minute. Sharona? Plus dot cri dot CNN is your home for everything you want to know about China. The latest news in China and everything China-related from around the world. Everything can focus all in one place bringing you vital information feel business and travel Chinese culture language, learning and mall, shine, applause dot CO, ri- dot C, N, China, plus dot cri dot C, N your portal in today's middle kingdom. Join the most popular Chinese-language learning page on Facebook by searching for CR learn Chinese. It's a quick get funkaway to achieve your lung which goals start your free lessons now with unlimited videos, photos and text to'real on expressions, and Chinese culture. I learned Chinese Facebook page a road opens with you all. You've been listening to today. I'm joing Jonah double the limit of one of the main foreign investment channel into the world's second. Biggest economy continue to open up his financial system. According to the stadiums tradition of foreign exchange. The pota- for the qualified foreign institutional investor program was increased to three hundred billion to meet investment demand from abroad the program to earliest and most important arrangements for opening up the country's capital market for more on those my colleague joy. And earlier had a talk was Dr hence, Peter Berkoff professor and chair of the banking and funds department at university of home Heim in Germany and Mike Boston senior lecturer at Southampton Solan to university. So Mike first of all tell us what is qualified for institutional investors. And why does it exist in China? Was an attempt to set up by the Chinese government to have not only encourage outside investors to invest in R M B denominated capital in that market to giving them a license to buy a shares. China's main stock exchanges Shanghai shit about to ensure that these were injured these investments this investment was introduced on a selective basis with qualified experience mature people behind them and stayed into certain industries. So it was very very careful. Move to open up China's financial market, then investment in shares by people outside China, very, very carefully and very tentatively. What they've done. Now doesn't surprise me to to double. The quota Janis economy is a situation where that is become more and more necessary. Why does China's regulate decide to increase the this quoting now, what's the timing? Well, the might be tonal reasons as Mike just said, the might also the idea to give a signal to Europe and apart in the globe that they're still opening up at the trend to be more open to foreign money to people foreign in ideas is not over because they're this signal from China in different directions. And this one come on. We wanna have international trade. We won't have also international capital markets in China and be was born have more reciprocity because that's what Donald Trump says and others China some participates in the global market, but the doesn't give the same access to its own markets, capital or goods as a profit from in other countries. And so this is comparatively small step into the direction saying come on. We give you access as well. And so my funding high vice chairman of the China. Securities regulators said that the foreign capital inflows into Chinese. Market may increase to six hundred billion Yuan or eighty nine billion US dollars this year. So we'll that happen. Does it does the Chinese stock market have the attractiveness for the foreign investors? I think I think it's becoming increasingly attractive whilst they call me his power. The head has to be said that the only the main stuff you've changed Shanghai has a sort of followed that performance. So I think there's a lot of disappointment and a lot of of fear of the unknown from outside China, but I think he's becoming increasingly attractive and with these measures and previous measures. And I think more government policies direction. It will become more attractive and certain sectors, certainly technology and high tech brands in the hallway leading the way, I think that the Chinese economy showing that Chinese companies can perform internationally, so so I think that could happen. I think you might have a RAV slowly, I think foreign investors will be quite tentative. But I think there could be. An exponential increase. Let's say a year from now with further government incentives. Q fi program is actually the early step for opening up the country's kept on market, but what other measures? Do you think can be taken into further opening up China's financial market or stock market? There's anything. I mean, they've increased their double this quota that they could increase that further and courage, grace reinvestment. They could continue with policies to easing ownership restrictions in China allowing access more access to a number of niche markets, and I shares in more industries, particularly technology possibly fintech as well. These the massively growing areas so range of those policies, I could see happening. But as the Chinese government will move Catholic and take the step very, very tentatively. Because the the financial services sector is so pivotal and the the west we've seen reckless deregulations UK opened up also problem. And has made her so fucking high vice chairman of the China Securities regulator also said he recommended removing a limit on how much a stock gay is trading day Beuys. So what's your take? We know that the newly listed companies are capped at forty four percent balls on the first day trading. It's a rule which is put in place into southern fifteen. So should be. Should it be changed? And why? Well, I think that's a rather technically back of market regulation. We're talking about here. It's relevant. I'm not really wear of. We know we've got in most many countries Trung jobs of of stocks Banou newly listed on the capital market. And something that something nobody likes like like, let's say other other adverse develop capital markets, like my strong movement, of course, associated circuit breakers has actually rules, and I think this is one of the way out of control for that. But in the end, if it doesn't jumble the first day they'll jump on the second day, if it's really substantial it just calms down a little bit the price movement after the I also to tell the truth. I don't mind if in charge or not in my lead to little calmer develops a coupla market with their on the other hand, obviously, a reduced Representative of the price. It was we got to the veil inflammation. So their boot Abbas on both sides. You can do. Like that or you can leave it. I think this is not a real big topic. So China is also looking to revive the sentiment in volumes in stock market that loss twenty five percents in two thousand eighteen last year. And when possible ruled is by attracting, the technology IPO's through the creation of a new high tech stocks ward in the Shanghai Stock Exchange. So why do we think we need this new board? And what does it mean for China stock market has a ho? I think that that's an excellent idea. And I think it is very very much needed. Because high technology is the sort of the the roadmap really for China's further modernization and the building of competitive Chinese brands and the governor will be behind that for a long time. Now, obviously with Lenovo going back a few years, and that has led to some success them ticket smartphones and telecommunications. So I think it provides a focus and highlights the symbolizes. The Furthermore, Nuys ation of the Chinese economy, the building competitive Chinese brands globally, and that will attract investment, and that's where confidence will saw outside China and China will be as as Riley should be considered. Not just as commodity producer low cost production, low cost provider, low cost per perhaps indicating low quality it really is up there now with premium brands while way of apple now the second behind Samsung, this is changing China. You're not very positive brand building way forward and Mike as we all know the good expectations and m poco important things for stock market. But do you think China's market will have both of them? Are they see why not I think there's going to be stumbling blocks along the way, they the major change. And if you open up the capital market that will be all sorts of unknowns. And there will be up stickle. But I think the Chinese government have made it very clear they're going to happen. These gonna happen very very slowly. So I remained relatively optimistic. So what about you hand speed her? What do you think the reforms, you know, an opening up in the financial market? I needed the food China. I think the big country. So reading development is very very important. So haven't regional banks corporate banks special banks, concentrating regions haven't capital market market for credit within the readers, very very important instead of concentrating everything on the center's having the diversity of financial institution import get most ability. So I think trying to think about at the moment, what kind of structure of a Bank, and I laugh to have in your hands. Hans-peter Berkoff professor and chair of the banking and finance department at university of home, Hon, Germany and Mike question senior lecturer at how Southampton Solan university. Speaking was sear is John doesn't today will be back in a minute. The great effort made by the doll today. Become one of the great platform will policy the bait and information dissemination, and I wish today have even brighter and greater tomorrow. You're listening to today, I'm JoAnne. Now. Joining us for other news is Patrick Flannery. Burgers, pizza, joing federal workers have to decide between the two seriously right now, those are two of the food options available to many of the workers in this longest ever US government shutdown many airports, in fact of close terminals with air traffic controllers failing to show up for work in cities like Atlanta in Houston for those coming to work for no paycheck at the airports their counterparts in Canada have been sending them pizza in an act of solidarity. But don't forget the shutdown also hitting the White House to even in the kitchen where the Schiff has been furloughed because of this the Clemson Tigers. So ball team was not treated to the traditional lavish meal that presidents offer the visiting college champions instead these healthy athletes in top physical form, we're given the choice of burgers from Wendy's or McDonald's, President Trump paid for what he called everybody's favorite food from his own pocket in the meal with surf by candlelight. Okay. And what about the rest of the federal workers forced to stay at home without pay. Say what what are what are they doing to to feed their families? A lot of them are going to pop foodbanks about a quarter million federal workers live in and around Washington DC, mainly in Virginia and Maryland, and they're flooding foodbanks so many demand was so high that they've actually cropped some of these up organically in places where typically there are storefronts so places are generally designed for those with incomes below poverty level, or now catering to these huge walls of people who typically don't rely on food banks and realistically, this is a an option that is really only a temporary solution. Given the spike in demand. These last three weeks not appear. There is an end to the shutdown coming anytime soon, judging by how Mitch McConnell and other Senate Republicans have acted not opposing Trump critic speculate that no they don't want to jeopardize control of the Senate before the twenty twenty election. We've seen the democratic controlled house passing bills to try to end the shutdown which the Senate is not likely to even. Putting the floor for a vote. Trump did say this week also that it's now easier for him to negotiate with China on trade than it is to negotiate with the Democrats on the wall. He wants on the border. Okay. This our daily shutdown briefing. Let's move on topic. Well, in keeping with this food theme today, the most liked picture on Instagram ever is not of a celebrity or a beautiful landscape or cute pet. The stock photo that broke the Instagram record was an aide. Brown. Speckled egg has the world record for most likes on Instagram with eighteen million likes breaking the previous record. But now that number has shot to over thirty eight million likes. And it doesn't look like anyone is going to break the Joey how did this happen? I'm hell how long ago was the photo posted. And why the F B doubt in Instagram likes? Will it was posted only ten days ago and in a week and a half we've seen almost forty million views. It's it's staggering. No one really seems to know much about the person behind the Instagram account. It's called world record egg. We know it's somebody from London. And that's about it. We don't know how it attracted so many followers so quickly there. But that picture crack the record previously held by the celebrity Kylie Jenner the person behind the post wrote that they thought it would be interesting experiment to try to be generous record with something very basic like an egg. And what happens from here is really possible. When act to be famous the tech news site Recode has. Really smart piece on this today. They asked social media and marketing experts with the next move should be if this were your account and one of them said the next thing the world record accounts should post is an advertisement. This is like hitting the lottery and getting a Times Square billboard in New York City for free. He said after all sponsored content branded content. That's how these Instagram influencers. Kylie Jenner have had such huge followings to begin with, by the way, Kylie Jenner responded to this news by recording herself cracking an egg on the sidewalk, and that response has gotten twenty six million views so far. So it could be the egg. Okay. Thank you. Patrick. That's all the time. We have for those addition today to listen to the episode again or catch up on previous episodes. You can download our podcast by searching world news analysis program engineer of those sodas Toshio ping. I'm joing. Thank you so much for listening.
World News Analysis
Aired 2 weeks ago 19:10
The week ahead: Hungry for change
Hello. And welcome to the week ahead. On a communist radio. I'm your host. Jason palmer. Venezuela is starting twenty nineteen wracked with hunger. Inflation and increasingly autocratic government. We take a look ahead to President Nicolas Medeiros, second term presiding over the mess trade talks between China and America are looming once again, but the whole system of international trade is changing we examine why? And what is it that causes people to so reliably and violently react to split infinitives? I up Donnelly. Play better. After claiming victory in a sham presidential election in Venezuela. Nncholas Maduro was sworn in for a second term in may last year that term officially begins next week. They prevail. He promised peace and prosperity for the nation and happiness for its people. But seems of violence hunger and desperation have become emblematic of Mr. Medeiros Venezuela together with his predecessor and mentor. Ugo shabas? Mr. Madero presided over the collapse of what was once Latin America's wealthiest country. Economic mismanagement and corruption on an unfathomable scale have created a humanitarian crisis driving at least two and a half million Venezuelans to flee the country since two thousand fourteen and the nation's descent into dictatorship has blocked the way out of the crisis. So as Mr. Madero embarks on his second six-year term what's in store for Venezuela. How strong is his grip on power, and how will the region cope with a refugee crisis that rivals that of Syria. As nNcholas Maduro starts his second term as president next week. There's very little sign that the crisis in Venezuela is easing. Brooke Unger is our America's editor inflation keeps on rising by some accounts. It was a million percent last year. Some people think it's headed to something like ten million percent next year MU you have massive food shortages shortages, a medicine, and the exodus continues will I guess the first question, I have is if things are so bad. How is it? Mr. Madero managed to get reelected last night. Very few people consider it to a been a free and fair election. I mean, the so-called trivia storage, Regina has been rigging elections now for some years. This is a fairly recent development. They used to be quite popular, especially when oil prices were high, and they had a lot of money to splash around. But you know, at least since two thousand fourteen two thousand fifteen oil prices have started to decline the economic mismanagement has gotten worse the regime has got more unpopular, and as it's become more in popular. It's become more determine. To hold onto power through fraud and through fours. So given the scale of the crisis as he laid out a miss Madeira has seemed to be incredibly durable through throughout this. How has he managed to maintain his grip on power? He's done a much better job at holding onto power than I think a lot of people thought he would. I mean, I think too much of the outside world. He looked rather a bumbling person. But he's proved to be very very shrewd at least it staying in power. If not a governing his country. There are a few reasons for that. I mean, the key to the regime's durability is really that it has very little money. But it knows where to spend that money. It spends that money, basically shoring up its support in the army, and among the other armed groups that keep it in power. I mean without the military. This government would not exist. There's also the role of the president has access to a network of Cuban spies who help them stay on top of any plots that might be against them. But you know, the same time they've been very effective in blunting and dividing the opposition. I mean, they've arrested opposition leaders they prevented them from running in elections. The opposition has been pretty good. It's putting itself they're divided over tactics and variety holiday. So, you know, you have a fragmented and weak opposition and a regime, which is hanging its thread, but still manages to retain its monopoly of force in the country will, but what about within the regime itself, you said hanging by a thread are there any sort of forces within the regime that might bring about change? I mean, I think if the regime collapses or changes in some way, it will be because of tensions within the regime. There certainly have been indications of growing discontent within the armed forces. You know, the number of desertions appears to be rising. The number of arrests of dissident officers seems to have risen last year. There was a kind of weird assassination attempt last August when somebody attempted to explode a drone over Madero in a speech. He was giving to the national guard which promptly fled. So you know, if there do seem to be signs of fissures within the. Armed forces supporting the regime, but you know, I it's very very difficult to say how why those are how many of them there are, you know, when and whether that's actually going to result in a real change at the top and what about internationally? I mean who else supports the regime? Venezuela has more allies than you might think it has near allies in the form of some of the other left wing governments in the region. Certainly it's friendly with Bolivia the new government in Mexico is likely to be more tolerant of the regime than the outgoing government has been and it's also gotten considerable financial support from more distant powers such as China such as Russia. There's a growing relationship between Venezuelan Turkey, rather, surprisingly, and those are all things that help to regime kind of stumble on what about those neighbors, though, that aren't explicitly allies. I mean, how how is the region's responding to this crisis? Well, there's been a high degree of consensus that Venezuela is no longer democracy that there's a very severe humanitarian crisis. In venezuela. You know in part, that's because the countries of the region Philip themselves. I mean, there's better massive exodus of people from from Venezuela into various countries in the region, especially Columbia, something like three million people have let fled the country in the past few years. And I saw one one forecast suggests that up to eight million more people could leave the country, which is, you know, massive amount. It's about a it's about a quarter of of the country's population. And there have been increasingly coherent attempts to try to find ways both to isolate the regime and to encourage some kind of dialogue between the regime and the opposition to try and find some way of transitioning then as well from the mess that it's in now back to something resembling democracy and a normally functioning economy, and so beyond that kind of regional push. What do you think the broader international community could do to to bring it into this? Well, may I don't think there's a there's not a whole hell of a lot that they can do. I mean, some countries have imposed sanctions on Venezuela. Most of the sanctions against individuals in the regime and aren't going. To probably make a huge difference. The US has tougher sanctions. They bear on Venezuela's financial relations with the rest of the world, which can become a factor. I mean, one of the the dangers for the regime is that you know, it is running out of money. It's in default on some of its bonds. You know oil production is collapsing. And if creditors are not able to be paid they may begin to take action against Ben as well and try and seize its assets in various ways, there has been talk military intervention in Venezuela. But almost nobody except perhaps a few people in the White House thinks that might be a good idea. And it's very hard for me to see how Donald Trump just said he wants to pull out of Syria because the US has no business there. It's hard for me to see him actually, sending American troops in any form into Venezuela. I think that's a bit of a red herring. And you know, beyond that, there's not a huge amount of the international community can do that isn't symbolic, and I think if change begins to come about from within then there is an enormous role that the international community can play. But I think you know, the the spark really has to come from inside. Brooke? Thanks a lot. My pleasure. If you have any thoughts on this or any of the stories that we've covered drop us a line. We're on Email at radio at economists dot com or find us on Twitter at economist radio. Let's look at trade in two thousand nineteen a new round of talks between China and America is expected to start any day now and everyone from soya bean. Former to diplomats is waiting to see if that tends to go. She ation will result in a deal before March first when America is threatening to impose more tariffs. But if we look a little beyond the relationship between the superpowers, we find that the way countries trade is shifting all around the world. Well, I predict that twenty nine thousand nine is going to be the year of the trade deal. So many canes covers trade here at the economist. We've got the renegotiated North American Free trade agreement NAFTA now been renamed the US MCA pop swells, west acronym. The Trump administration is going to try and get that implemented at some point this year. We've got US China trade talks. Everyone's watching those and then separately. We've got these negotiations that are about to begin between, the US and Japan and the US and the European Union. Lots of American trade deals what about outside of America. Yeah. Some other people have been agreeing trade deal or they're out some other countries. So one deal that's just been implemented. In fact, is the comprehensive and progressive agreement the Trans-Pacific Partnership. So this was this used to be called this the TPP and then America decided didn't like that it left, and then it got rebranded the CPT p p. Another terrible Akron. So that implemented on December thirtieth that's between Japan and ten other countries around the Pacific rim. We've got another deal. That's coming in between the EU and Japan on February fussed does a lot of action going on there. And these these trade deals are related. So at the moment, you have this dynamic where American exporters, a looking at all these other trade deals going into effect. And they're getting very upset that they haven't got any trade deals of their own essentially that competitors. And now getting better access into the Japanese market than they are because if these deals and so they're saying, hey, American negotiators you need to up your game. And get us some of this access in these trade deals or hang on a second. What is actually in these deals where do they what do they agree? That is a very good question. And the answer has changed over time trade deals used to be about tariffs, essentially, a country would say, okay, I'm gonna cut my toss on your expertise. And you do the same for mine. They. They have now changed they have now become much deep. You you still get tower of cutting, but you also get a ton of other rules. So for example, in the US MCA, the renegotiated NAFTA you have rules on trade in data. You have rules on how intellectual property works in the in the two countries. Right. And what's wrong with? Yeah. I mean, it sounds pretty great. It sounds pretty good to have all these. These trade deals will this activity going on and for some folks it really is. If you're politician than these deals are instruments of diplomacy, the Japan, and you get to stand up and say that they're preserving the world trading order and not great for them. The happened worries from communists, over the past two decades about these trade deals, these preferential trade deals between maybe two or just a few countries. And the worry is that you end up with his very complicated system where we have a country and some exporters have one tower and other export is have a high tariff, and the worry is that you have this bright distorted system where some produces a getting the market access that making the sales just because of this low tariff, not because at the best producer of the thing. And economists don't like fat because they worry that it's very inefficient. And you'll giving these produces this oughta fischel advantage. To these trade deals having said that there was that worry, but there is more recent evidence that says maybe you don't have to worry about that so much about those concerns overblown, and it turns out that all of those rules that I was mentioning before actually they end up creating trade themselves. So you're talking about deals between two or three a few countries. I mean, what about the the World Trade Organization that that seems to be an umbrella organization the name suggests this could be a global way to do this very same thing. He yeah. Good point. We'll try to Asian. The world. Trade organization is a big organization has one hundred sixty four members and in theory. That's the foundation for the global trading system under the World Trade Organization, if you don't have one of these special trade deals that you say I'm going to apply the same tariff to all members of this World Trade Organization, and there's a communist before who worried about all these special trade deals. They would actually just quite like it. If all trade could happen under the world trade organizations that would be simpler, then you wouldn't be worried about having all these different tariff levels. And so on the problem is that there are a lot of members of the WTO, and it's very hard to get everyone to agree. So the pragmatist say, yes, WTO, very elegant, very nice idea. But if you actually want to get anything done that it's not that useful. So politically, essentially these smaller deals of emerged as a way to push. For further trade liberalization, the the idea became, okay? We like the WTO we think it's important we want to support it. But we're going to agree these smaller deals and try to demonstrate the benefits of free trade, and to essentially hope that in the future, we might be able to use a smaller deals as building blocks to deepen the rules at the WTO. But strengthening the system does not at all seem to be what President Donald Trump has been doing. Correct. I don't think that the president has much respect for the global rules-based multilateral system. The logic of the Trump administration is that if it's America versus someone else, then America will have more power and can extract more concessions and will that kind of approach work with China. Well, that's the big question. I think that in the past the idea was that actually you could only really get China to do things if you banded together with other countries to you needed big coalitions in order to get China to to do things. The the Trump administration is clearly betting that actually can use its threats of tariffs to extract the trade deal that it wants from China there. The question is what damage have you done to the system in the process by injecting all this uncertainty by essentially warning, America's trading partners that it could do the same to them what kind of environment? A you you setting up for that the year of the tree deal is not going to be a pretty one. It's going to be a rookie ride somebody. Thanks very much. Thanks for having me. There are some big debates and discussions going on at the moment within the economists about Britain and the U state of liberalism, but we have solved one of the really big questions whether using split infinitive is incorrect. Grammar George Bernard Shaw once wrote to a newspaper about an editor who insisted on and making air quotes. Correcting split infinitives lane. Green writes about language for the economist in the Johnson column and show said I ask you sir to put this man out said adrift and try an intelligent Newfoundland dog and his place without interfering with his perfect freedom of choice between to suddenly go to go. Suddenly and suddenly to go. Okay. First of all just to unflinchingly be clear about this. What is splitting tentative someone decided that the we're two with another verb like to go were to walk to eat belonged to the verb in that form that they called an infinitive some decided once upon a time that you can't put anything between the two and the verb or else you had split the infinitive some crime that no one had ever heard of before this announcement. When when did it become a rule though in English? Okay. So it was never really rule in the sense. That everyone observed it we have split infinitives going back to the thirteenth fourteenth, century, middle English poems. Then the split infinitive as usage kind of goes into Klein arounds at Shakespeare's time. He only split one infinitive and the first person to write a rule about it was in about eighteen hundred and that was because around that time people were starting to split them in print more again. But it's been in regular usage continuous usage throughout history of English. And here's the real question in modern English. Why do people care so much because it does like people up? So are. Thinking about English kind of goes back to exactly this era. I mentioned right around the turn of the nineteenth century. The first grammars were being written the first big successful dictionaries were on the market. And so people started sort of in by being rules as a way of showing their kind of class distinction that they were clever and educated. And so he got stuck in there. Even though it went against the natural grain of English language for our own part. I recall absorbing the style guide here, and it says essentially vises you to not do it. But that's not because of the rule, but because of this this anger why changed now? Well, we changed the ruling because in no other area of our thinking, do we say this is right. But it annoys so many people that you shouldn't say it, you know, we believe in free trade. So we don't say well free trade is a good thing. But saying so no, so many people that we're going to be against trade. Right. And big pushback was a difficult decision to come to. Well, I'm not gonna name any names of publication. No bylines. But there were a couple of. Editors who said I think it is more a thing of etiquette. We won the day despite that. Okay. So give me an example where splitting is unavoidable. Okay. So one example is she decided to gradually retire. Now. This is a so called split infinitive. But he put the gradually anywhere else. You get a different meaning gradually. She decided to retire. That means she decided gradually, and that's not what we're trying to say she gradually decided to retire has that same incorrect meeting, and she decided to retire gradually is and big US. It could meet you decided gradually or she decided that the retirement should be gradual. The only unambiguously correct one is the so-called Clinton. Right lane. Thanks for coming into game. We talk about this with us. It's been pushing. That's all for this edition of the week ahead. You can subscribe to the economist at economist dot com slash radio offer twelve issues for twelve dollars or twelve pounds. I'm Jason Palmer in London. This is the economist.
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